1. Hyekyun Chung, Per Rugaard Poulsen, Paul J. Keall, Seungryong Cho and Byungchul Cho, Reconstruction of implanted marker trajectories from cone-beam CT projection images using interdimensional correlation modeling. Med Phys, 2016. 43(8): p. 4643. doi:
  2. Yang J, Yamamoto T, Pollock S, Berger J, Diehn M, Graves EE, Loo BW Jr, Keall PJ, The impact of audiovisual biofeedback on 4D functional and anatomic imaging: Results of a lung cancer pilot study. Radiother Oncol, 2016. doi:
  3. Danny Lee, Peter B. Greer, Sean Pollock, Taeho Kim and Paul Keall, Quantifying the accuracy of the tumor motion and area as a function of acceleration factor for the simulation of the dynamic keyhole magnetic resonance imaging method. Med Phys, 2016. 43(5): p. 2639. doi:
  4. Ricky T O'Brien, Benjamin J Cooper, Chun-Chien Shieh, Uros Stankovic, Paul J Keall and Jan-Jakob Sonke, The first implementation of respiratory triggered 4DCBCT on a linear accelerator. Phys Med Biol, 2016. 61(9): p. 3488-99. doi:
  5. Keall PJ, Ng JA, Juneja P, O'Brien RT, Huang CY, Colvill E, Caillet V, Simpson E, Poulsen PR, Kneebone A, Eade T, Booth JT, Real-Time 3D Image Guidance Using a Standard LINAC: Measured Motion, Accuracy, and Precision of the First Prospective Clinical Trial of Kilovoltage Intrafraction Monitoring-Guided Gating for Prostate Cancer Radiation Therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 2016. 94(5): p. 1015-21. doi:
  6. Colvill E, Booth J, Nill S, Fast M, Bedford J, Oelfke U3, Nakamura M, Poulsen P, Worm E, Hansen R, Ravkilde T, Scherman Rydhög J, Pommer T, Munck Af Rosenschold P, Lang S, Guckenberger M, Groh C, Herrmann C, Verellen D, Poels K, Wang L, Hadsell M, Sothmann T, Blanck O, Keall P, A dosimetric comparison of real-time adaptive and non-adaptive radiotherapy: A multi-institutional study encompassing robotic, gimbaled, multileaf collimator and couch tracking. Radiother Oncol, 2016. 119(1): p. 159-65. doi:
  7. B Whelan, S Gierman, J Schmerge, L Holloway, P Keall and R Fahrig, A novel electron accelerator for MRI-Linac radiotherapy. Med Phys, 2016. 43(3): p. 1285-94. doi:
  8. Kida S, Bal M, Kabus S, Negahdar M, Shan X, Loo BW Jr, Keall PJ, Yamamoto T, CT ventilation functional image-based IMRT treatment plans are comparable to SPECT ventilation functional image-based plans. Radiother Oncol, 2016. 118(3): p. 521-7. doi:
  9. Danny Lee, Peter B. Greer, Joanna Ludbrook, Jameen Arm, Perry Hunter, Sean Pollock, Kuldeep Makhija, Ricky T. O'Brien, Taeho Kim, Paul Keall, Audiovisual Biofeedback Improves Cine-Magnetic Resonance Imaging Measured Lung Tumor Motion Consistency. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 2016. 94(3): p. 628-36. doi:
  10. B. M. Oborn1, Y. Ge, N. Hardcastle, P. E. Metcalfe and P. J. Keall, Dose enhancement in radiotherapy of small lung tumors using inline magnetic fields: A Monte Carlo based planning study. Med Phys, 2016. 43(1): p. 368. doi:
  11. Wisotzky, E., R. O'Brien, and P.J. Keall, Technical Note: A novel leaf sequencing optimization algorithm which considers previous underdose and overdose events for MLC tracking radiotherapy. Med Phys, 2016. 43(1): p. 132. doi:
  12. Kipritidis J, Hofman MS, Siva S, Callahan J, Le Roux PY, Woodruff HC, Counter WB, Keall PJ, Estimating lung ventilation directly from 4D CT Hounsfield unit values. Med Phys, 2016. 43(1): p. 33. doi:
  13. Seregni M, Paganelli C, Lee D, Greer PB, Baroni G, Keall PJ, Riboldi M, Motion prediction in MRI-guided radiotherapy based on interleaved orthogonal cine-MRI. Phys Med Biol, 2016. 61(2): p. 872-87. doi:
  14. Yamamoto T, Kabus S, Bal M, Keall P, Benedict S, Daly M, The first patient treatment of computed tomography ventilation functional image-guided radiotherapy for lung cancer. Radiother Oncol, 2016. 118(2): p. 227-31. doi:
  15. Cooper BJ, O'Brien RT, Kipritidis J, Shieh CC, Keall PJ, Quantifying the image quality and dose reduction of respiratory triggered 4D cone-beam computed tomography with patient-measured breathing. Phys Med Biol, 2015. 60(24): p. 9493-513. doi:
  16. Shieh, C. C., Kipritidis, J., O'Brien, R. T., Cooper, B. J., Kuncic, Z., Keall, P. J., Improving thoracic four-dimensional cone-beam CT reconstruction with anatomical-adaptive image regularization (AAIR). Med Biol. 2015 Jan 21;60(2):841-68. Phys doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/60/2/841. Epub 2015 Jan 7
  17. Kipritidis, J., et al., Measuring interfraction and intrafraction lung function changes during radiation therapy using four-dimensional cone beam CT ventilation imaging. Med Phys, 2015. 42(3): p. 1255-67. doi: 10.1118/1.4907991
  18. Keall PJ, Aun Ng J, O'Brien R, Colvill E, Huang CY, Rugaard Poulsen P, Fledelius W, Juneja P, Simpson E, Bell L, Alfieri F, Eade T, Kneebone A, Booth JT. The first clinical treatment with kilovoltage intrafraction monitoring (KIM): A real-time image guidance method. Med Phys. 2015 Jan;42(1):354. doi: 10.1118/1.4904023.
  19. Chen-Yu Huang, Joubin Nasehi Tehrani, Jin Aun Ng, Jeremy Booth, Paul Keall, Six Degrees-of-Freedom Prostate and Lung Tumor Motion Measurements Using Kilovoltage Intrafraction Monitoring. Volume 91, Issue 2, 1 February 2015, Pages 368–375 doi:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2014.09.040
  20. Bernatowicz K, Keall P, Mishra P, Knopf A, Lomax A, Kipritidis J., Impact of respiratory gated and conventional 4DCT acquisition on imaging artifacts: A digital phantom study. Med Phys. 2015 Jan;42(1):324. doi: 10.1118/1.4903936
  21. Ng JA, Booth JT, O'Brien RT, Colvill E, Huang CY, Poulsen PR, Keall PJ. Quality assurance for the clinical implementation of kilovoltage intrafraction monitoring for prostate cancer VMAT. Med Phys. 2014 Nov;41(11):111712. doi: 10.1118/1.4898119
  22. S. Ipsen, O. Blanck, B. Oborn, F. Bode, G. Liney, P. Hunold, D. Rades, A. Schweikard and P. J. Keall, Radiotherapy beyond cancer: Target localization in real-time MRI and treatment planning for cardiac radiosurgery. Med. Phys. 41, 120702 (2014);
  23. R. O'Brien, J. Kipritidis, C. Shieh and P.J. Keall, Optimizing 4DCBCT projection allocation to respiratory bins.Med. Biol. 59 5631 (2014) doi:10.1088/0031-9155/59/19/5631
  24. Lee D, Pollock S, Whelan B, Keall P, Kim T. Dynamic keyhole: a novel method to improve MR images in the presence of respiratory motion for real-time MRI. Med. Phys. 41, 072304 (2014);
  25. E. Colvill, P. R. Poulsen, J. T. Booth, R. T. O’Brien, J. A. Ng and P. J. Keall. DMLC tracking and gating can significantly improve dose coverage for prostate VMAT. Med. Phys. 41, 091705 (2014);
  26. Keall, P.J., Paul, Barton, M., Crozier, S. The Australian Magnetic Resonance Imaging–Linac Program. Seminars in Radiation Oncology. Volume 24, Issue 3, July 2014, Pages 203–206. DOI: 10.1016/j.semradonc.2014.02.015
  27. Stefan Kolling, Bradley M. Oborn, Paul J. Keall, and Joseph Horvat. Magnetization curves of sintered heavy tungsten alloys for applications in MRI-guided radiotherapy. Medical Physics 41, 061707 (2014); doi: 10.1118/1.4873679
  28. Yuanyuan Ge, Ricky T. O’Brien, Chun-Chien Shieh, Jeremy T. Booth, and Paul J. Keall. Toward the development of intrafraction tumor deformation tracking using a dynamic multi-leaf collimator. Med. Phys. 41, 061703 (2014)
  29. Steel H, Pollock S, Lee D, Keall P, Kim T. The internal-external respiratory motion correlation is unaffected by audiovisual biofeedback. Australas Phys Eng Sci Med. 2014 Mar;37(1):97-102. doi: 10.1007/s13246-014-0247-z. Epub 2014 Feb 8.
  30. Shieh CC, Kipritidis J, O'Brien RT, Kuncic Z, Keall PJ. Image quality in thoracic 4D cone-beam CT: a sensitivity analysis of respiratory signal, binning method, reconstruction algorithm, and projection angular spacing. Med Phys. 2014 Apr;41(4):041912. doi: 10.1118/1.4868510.
  31. B. M. Oborn, S. Kolling, P. E. Metcalfe, S. Crozier, D. W. Litzenberg, and P. J. Keall. Electron contamination modeling and reduction in a 1 T open bore inline MRI-linac system. Medical Physics 41, 051708 (2014); doi: 10.1118/1.4871618
  32. D Lee, P B Greer, J Arm, P Keall and T Kim. Audiovisual biofeedback improves image quality and reduces scan time for respiratory-gated 3D MRI. 2014 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 489 012033 doi:10.1088/1742-6596/489/1/012033
  33. O'Brien R, Cooper BJ, Kipritidis J, Shieh CC, Keall PJ. Respiratory motion guided four dimensional cone beam computed tomography: encompassing irregular breathing. 2014 Phys. Med. Biol. 59 579 doi:10.1088/0031-9155/59/3/579
  34. Paul J. Keall, Emma Colvill, Ricky O’Brien, Jin Aun Ng, Per Rugaard Poulsen, Thomas Eade, Andrew Kneebone, and Jeremy T. Booth. The first clinical implementation of electromagnetic transponder-guided MLC tracking. Med Phys. Feb 2014; 41(2): 020702. doi: 10.1118/1.4862509
  35. Stefan Kolling, Bradley M. Oborn, Paul J. Keall, and Joseph Horvat. Magnetization curves of sintered heavy tungsten alloys for applications in MRI-guided radiotherapy. Med. Phys. 41, 061707 (2014)
  36. Kipritidis J, Siva S, Hofman MS, Callahan J, Hicks RJ, Keall PJ, Validating and improving CT ventilation imaging by correlating with ventilation 4D-PET/CT using (68)Ga-labeled nanoparticles. Med Phys. 2014 Jan;41(1):011910
  37. Kolling S, Oborn B, Keall P., Impact of the MLC on the MRI field distortion of a prototype MRI-linac. Med Phys. 2013 Dec;40(12):121705
  38. Joubin Nasehi Tehrani, Ricky T O'Brien, Per Rugaard Poulsen and Paul Keall, Real-time estimation of prostate tumor rotation and translation with a kV imaging system based on an iterative closest point algorithm. Phys Med Biol. 2013 Dec 7;58(23):8517-33
  39. J A Ng et al, Estimation of effective imaging dose for kilovoltage intratreatment monitoring of the prostate position during cancer radiotherapy. Phys. Med. Biol. 58 5983
  40. Rottmann, J., P. Keall, and R. Berbeco, Markerless EPID image guided dynamic multi-leaf collimator tracking for lung tumors. Phys Med Biol, 2013. 58(12): p. 4195-204.
  41. Pommer, T., et al., Dosimetric benefit of DMLC tracking for conventional and sub-volume boosted prostate intensity-modulated arc radiotherapy. Phys Med Biol, 2013. 58(7): p. 2349-61.
  42. Pollock, S., et al., Audiovisual biofeedback improves motion prediction accuracy. Med Phys, 2013. 40(4): p. 041705.
  43. O'Brien, R.T., B.J. Cooper, and P.J. Keall, Optimizing 4D cone beam computed tomography acquisition by varying the gantry velocity and projection time interval. Phys Med Biol, 2013. 58(6): p. 1705-23.
  44. Cooper, B.J., et al., Respiratory triggered 4D cone-beam computed tomography: a novel method to reduce imaging dose. Med Phys, 2013. 40(4): p. 041901.
  45. Balik, S., et al., Evaluation of 4-dimensional Computed Tomography to 4-dimensional Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Deformable Image Registration for Lung Cancer Adaptive Radiation Therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 2013.
  46. Ng, J. A., et al., Kilovoltage Intrafraction Monitoring for Prostate Intensity Modulated Arc Therapy: First Clinical Results. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 2013. 84(5): p. e655-e661.
  47. Yang, J., et al., The impact of audio-visual biofeedback on 4D PET images: results of a phantom study. Med Phys, 2012. 39(2): p. 1046-57.
  48. Yamamoto, T., et al., Reproducibility of four-dimensional computed tomography-based lung ventilation imaging. Acad Radiol, 2012. 19(12): p. 1554-65.
  49. “Electromagnetic detection and real-time DMLC adaptation to target rotation during radiotherapy” Wu J., Ruan D., Cho B., Sawant A., Petersen J., Newell L.J., Cattell H., Keall P.J., 2012 Mar 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2011.06.1958
  50. “Megavoltage image-based dynamic multileaf collimator tracking of a NiTi stent in porcine lungs on a linear accelerator” Poulsen P.R., Carl J., Nielsen J., Nielsen M.S., Thomsen J.B., Jensen H.K., Kjærgaard B., Zepernick P.R., Worm E., Fledelius W., Cho B., Sawant A., Ruan D., Keall P.J., 2012 Feb 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2011.03.023 PDF
  51. “Tracking latency in image-based dynamic MLC tracking with direct image access” Fledelius W., Keall P.J., Cho B., Yang X., Morf D., Scheib S., Poulsen P.R., 2011 Aug, Acta Oncol, DOI:10.3109/0284186X.2011.581693 PDF
  52. “Geometric accuracy of dynamic MLC tracking with an implantable wired electromagnetic transponder” Ravkilde T., Keall P.J., Højbjerre K., Fledelius W., Worm E., Poulsen P.R., 2011 Aug, Acta Oncol, DOI:10.3109/0284186X.2011.590524 PDF
  53. “Modeling the truebeam linac using a CAD to Geant4 geometry implementation: dose and IAEA-compliant phase space calculations” Constantin M., Perl J., Losasso T., Salop A., Whittum D., Narula A., Svatos M., Keall P.J., 2011 Jul, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3598439 PDF
  54. “Experimental investigation of a moving averaging algorithm for motion perpendicular to the leaf travel direction in dynamic MLC target tracking” Yoon J.W., Sawant A., Suh Y., Cho B.C., Suh T.S., Keall P., 2011 Jul, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3590384 PDF
  55. “A study of the effect of in-line and perpendicular magnetic fields on beam characteristics of electron guns in medical linear accelerators” Constantin D.E., Fahrig R., Keall P.J., 2011 Jul, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3600695 PDF
  56. “Investigation of four-dimensional computed tomography-based pulmonary ventilation imaging in patients with emphysematous lung regions” Yamamoto T., Kabus S., Klinder T., Lorenz C., Von B.e.r.g., Blaffert T., Loo B.W., Keall P.J., 2011 Apr 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/56/7/023 PDF
  57. “A method for robust segmentation of arbitrarily shaped radiopaque structures in cone-beam CT projections” Poulsen P.R., Fledelius W., Keall P.J., Weiss E., Lu J., Brackbill E., Hugo G.D., 2011 Apr, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3555295͔ PDF
  58. “Hypofractionation results in reduced tumor cell kill compared to conventional fractionation for tumors with regions of hypoxia” Carlson D.J., Keall P.J., Loo B.W., Chen Z.J., Brown J.M., 2011 Mar 15, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.10.007
  59. “Four-dimensional computed tomography pulmonary ventilation images vary with deformable image registration algorithms and metrics” Yamamoto T., Kabus S., Klinder T., Von B.e.r.g., Lorenz C., Loo B.W., Keall P.J., 2011 Mar, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3547719͔ PDF
  60. “Electromagnetic-guided dynamic multileaf collimator tracking enables motion management for intensity-modulated arc therapy” Keall P.J., Sawant A., Cho B., Ruan D., Wu J., Poulsen P., Petersen J., Newell L.J., Cattell H., Korreman S., 2011 Jan 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.03.011
  61. “Real-time target position estimation using stereoscopic kilovoltage/megavoltage imaging and external respiratory monitoring for dynamic multileaf collimator tracking” Cho B., Poulsen P.R., Sawant A., Ruan D., Keall P.J., 2011 Jan 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.02.052
  62. “Impact of four-dimensional computed tomography pulmonary ventilation imaging-based functional avoidance for lung cancer radiotherapy” Yamamoto T., Kabus S., Von B.e.r.g., Lorenz C., Keall P.J., 2011 Jan 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2010.02.008
  63. “Failure mode and effect analysis-based quality assurance for dynamic MLC tracking systems” Sawant A., Dieterich S., Svatos M., Keall P., 2010 Dec, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3517837͔ PDF
  64. “Inverse planning for four-dimensional (4D) volumetric modulated arc therapy” Ma Y., Chang D., Keall P., Xie Y., Park J.Y., Suh T.S., Xing L., 2010 Nov, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3497271͔ PDF
  65. “Dynamic MLC tracking of moving targets with a single kV imager for 3D conformal and IMRT treatments” Poulsen P.R., Cho B., Sawant A., Ruan D., Keall P.J., 2010 Oct, Acta Oncol, DOI:10.3109/0284186X.2010.498438 PDF
  66. “Development of a micro-computed tomography-based image-guided conformal radiotherapy system for small animals” Zhou H., Rodriguez M., Van d.e.n., Nelson G., Jogani R., Xu J., Zhu X., Xian Y., Tran P.T., Felsher D.W., Keall P.J., Graves E.E., 2010 Sep 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.11.008 PDF
  67. “Detailed analysis of latencies in image-based dynamic MLC tracking” Poulsen P.R., Cho B., Sawant A., Ruan D., Keall P.J., 2010 Sep, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3480504͔ PDF
  68. “Commissioning and quality assurance for a respiratory training system based on audiovisual biofeedback” Cui G., Gopalan S., Yamamoto T., Berger J., Maxim P.G., Keall P.J., 2010 Jul 12, J Appl Clin Med Phys, URL PDF
  69. “Real-time tumor tracking using sequential kV imaging combined with respiratory monitoring: a general framework applicable to commonly used IGRT systems” Cho B., Poulsen P.R., Keall P.J., 2010 Jun 21, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/55/12/003 PDF
  70. “Online prediction of respiratory motion: multidimensional processing with low-dimensional feature learning” Ruan D., Keall P., 2010 Jun 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/55/11/002 PDF
  71. “Dynamic multileaf collimator tracking of respiratory target motion based on a single kilovoltage imager during arc radiotherapy” Poulsen P.R., Cho B., Ruan D., Sawant A., Keall P.J., 2010 Jun 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.08.030 PDF
  72. “Linking computer-aided design (CAD) to Geant4-based Monte Carlo simulations for precise implementation of complex treatment head geometries” Constantin M., Constantin D.E., Keall P.J., Narula A., Svatos M., Perl J., 2010 Apr 21, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1118/1.3598439 PDF
  73. “Quantification of artifact reduction with real-time cine four-dimensional computed tomography acquisition methods” Langner U.W., Keall P.J., 2010 Mar 15, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.07.013 PDF
  74. “Implementation of a new method for dynamic multileaf collimator tracking of prostate motion in arc radiotherapy using a single kV imager” Poulsen P.R., Cho B., Sawant A., Keall P.J., 2010 Mar 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.06.073 PDF
  75. “Real-time dynamic MLC tracking for inversely optimized arc radiotherapy” Falk M., Rosenschöld P.M., Keall P., Cattell H., Cho B.C., Poulsen P., Povzner S., Sawant A., Zimmerman J., Korreman S., 2010 Feb, Radiother Oncol, DOI:10.1016/j.radonc.2009.12.022 PDF
  76. “Investigation of the effects of treatment planning variables in small animal radiotherapy dose distributions” Motomura A.R., Bazalova M., Zhou H., Keall P.J., Graves E.E., 2010 Feb, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3276738͔ PDF
  77. “Kilovoltage beam Monte Carlo dose calculations in submillimeter voxels for small animal radiotherapy” Bazalova M., Zhou H., Keall P.J., Graves E.E., 2009 Nov, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3238465͔ PDF
  78. “Real-time profiling of respiratory motion: baseline drift, frequency variation and fundamental pattern change” Ruan D., Fessler J.A., Balter J.M., Keall P.J., 2009 Aug 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/54/15/009 PDF
  79. “Real-time prostate trajectory estimation with a single imager in arc radiotherapy: a simulation study” Poulsen P.R., Cho B., Keall P.J., 2009 Jul 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1118/1.3555295͔ PDF
  80. “First demonstration of combined kV/MV image-guided real-time dynamic multileaf-collimator target tracking” Cho B., Poulsen P.R., Sloutsky A., Sawant A., Keall P.J., 2009 Jul 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.02.012 PDF
  81. “Integration of real-time internal electromagnetic position monitoring coupled with dynamic multileaf collimator tracking: an intensity-modulated radiation therapy feasibility study” Smith R.L., Sawant A., Santanam L., Venkat R.B., Newell L.J., Cho B.C., Poulsen P., Catell H., Keall P.J., Parikh P.J., 2009 Jul 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.01.031 PDF
  82. “Commissioning of a novel microCT/RT system for small animal conformal radiotherapy” Rodriguez M., Zhou H., Keall P., Graves E., 2009 Jun 21, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/54/12/008 PDF
  83. “Four-dimensional IMRT treatment planning using a DMLC motion-tracking algorithm” Suh Y., Sawant A., Venkat R., Keall P.J., 2009 Jun 21, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/54/12/014 PDF
  84. “Monte Carlo dose verification of prostate patients treated with simultaneous integrated boost intensity modulated radiation therapy” Dogan N., Mihaylov I., Wu Y., Keall P.J., Siebers J.V., Hagan M.P., 2009 Jun 15, Radiat Oncol, DOI:10.1186/1748-717X-4-18 PDF
  85. “Toward submillimeter accuracy in the management of intrafraction motion: the integration of real-time internal position monitoring and multileaf collimator target tracking” Sawant A., Smith R.L., Venkat R.B., Santanam L., Cho B., Poulsen P., Cattell H., Newell L.J., Parikh P., Keall P.J., 2009 Jun 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.12.057 PDF
  86. “Four-dimensional inverse treatment planning with inclusion of implanted fiducials in IMRT segmented fields” Ma Y., Lee L., Keshet O., Keall P., Xing L., 2009 Jun, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3121425͔ PDF
  87. “A bone composition model for Monte Carlo x-ray transport simulations” Zhou H., Keall P.J., Graves E.E., 2009 Mar, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3077129͔ PDF
  88. “Considerations and limitations of fast Monte Carlo electron transport in radiation therapy based on precalculated data” Jabbari K., Keall P., Seuntjens J., 2009 Feb, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3058480͔ PDF
  89. “Accuracy in the localization of thoracic and abdominal tumors using respiratory displacement, velocity, and phase” Langner U.W., Keall P.J., 2009 Feb, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.3049595͔ PDF
  90. “DMLC motion tracking of moving targets for intensity modulated arc therapy treatment: a feasibility study” Zimmerman J., Korreman S., Persson G., Cattell H., Svatos M., Sawant A., Venkat R., Carlson D., Keall P., 2009 Jan, Acta Oncol, DOI:10.1080/02841860802266722 PDF
  91. “A method to estimate mean position, motion magnitude, motion correlation, and trajectory of a tumor from cone-beam CT projections for image-guided radiotherapy” Poulsen P.R., Cho B., Keall P.J., 2008 Dec 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.07.037 PDF
  92. “Retrospective analysis of artifacts in four-dimensional CT images of 50 abdominal and thoracic radiotherapy patients” Yamamoto T., Langner U., Loo B.W., Shen J., Keall P.J., 2008 Nov 15, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.06.1937 PDF
  93. “Prospective displacement and velocity-based cine 4D CT” Langner U.W., Keall P.J., 2008 Oct, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2977539͔ PDF
  94. “Three-dimensional prostate position estimation with a single x-ray imager utilizing the spatial probability density” Poulsen P.R., Cho B., Langen K., Kupelian P., Keall P.J., 2008 Aug 21, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/53/16/008 PDF
  95. “A deliverable four-dimensional intensity-modulated radiation therapy-planning method for dynamic multileaf collimator tumor tracking delivery” Suh Y., Weiss E., Zhong H., Fatyga M., Siebers J.V., Keall P.J., 2008 Aug 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.04.018 PDF
  96. “Investigating the temporal effects of respiratory-gated and intensity-modulated radiotherapy treatment delivery on in vitro survival: an experimental and theoretical study” Keall P.J., Chang M., Benedict S., Thames H., Vedam S.S., Lin P.S., 2008 Aug 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.03.047 PDF
  97. “An analysis of thoracic and abdominal tumour motion for stereotactic body radiotherapy patients” Suh Y., Dieterich S., Cho B., Keall P.J., 2008 Jul 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/53/13/016 PDF
  98. “Development and preliminary evaluation of a prototype audiovisual biofeedback device incorporating a patient-specific guiding waveform” Venkat R.B., Sawant A., Suh Y., George R., Keall P.J., 2008 Jun 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/53/11/N01 PDF
  99. “A monoscopic method for real-time tumour tracking using combined occasional x-ray imaging and continuous respiratory monitoring” Cho B., Suh Y., Dieterich S., Keall P.J., 2008 Jun 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/53/11/006 PDF
  100. “On the accuracy of a moving average algorithm for target tracking during radiation therapy treatment delivery” George R., Suh Y., Murphy M., Williamson J., Weiss E., Keall P., 2008 Jun, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2921131͔ PDF
  101. “The development and investigation of a prototype three-dimensional compensator for whole brain radiation therapy” Keall P., Arief I., Shamas S., Weiss E., Castle S., 2008 May 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/53/9/004 PDF
  102. “Management of three-dimensional intrafraction motion through real-time DMLC tracking” Sawant A., Venkat R., Srivastava V., Carlson D., Povzner S., Cattell H., Keall P., 2008 May, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2905355͔ PDF
  103. “Esophagus and spinal cord motion relative to GTV motion in four-dimensional CTs of lung cancer patients” Weiss E., Wijesooriya K., Keall P., 2008 Apr, Radiother Oncol, DOI:10.1016/j.radonc.2007.12.016 PDF
  104. “Comparison of intensity-modulated radiotherapy planning based on manual and automatically generated contours using deformable image registration in four-dimensional computed tomography of lung cancer patients” Weiss E., Wijesooriya K., Ramakrishnan V., Keall P.J., 2008 Feb 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2007.09.035 PDF
  105. “A new formula for normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) as a function of equivalent uniform dose (EUD)” Luxton G., Keall P.J., King C.R., 2008 Jan 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/53/1/002 PDF
  106. “Report of the AAPM Task Group No. 105: Issues associated with clinical implementation of Monte Carlo-based photon and electron external beam treatment planning” Chetty I.J., Curran B., Cygler J.E., Demarco J.J., Ezzell G., Faddegon B.A., Kawrakow I., Keall P.J., Liu H., Ma C.M., Rogers D.W., Seuntjens J., Sheikh-bagheri D., Siebers J.V., 2007 Dec, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2795842͔ PDF
  107. “Quantification of accuracy of the automated nonlinear image matching and anatomical labeling (ANIMAL) nonlinear registration algorithm for 4D CT images of lung” Heath E., Collins D.L., Keall P.J., Dong L., Seuntjens J., 2007 Nov, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2795824͔ PDF
  108. “Design and evaluation of a variable aperture collimator for conformal radiotherapy of small animals using a microCT scanner” Graves E.E., Zhou H., Chatterjee R., Keall P.J., Gambhir S.S., Contag C.H., Boyer A.L., 2007 Nov, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2789498͔ PDF
  109. “Computational challenges for image-guided radiation therapy: framework and current research” Xing L., Siebers J., Keall P., 2007 Oct, Semin Radiat Oncol, DOI:10.1016/j.semradonc.2007.07.004 PDF
  110. “Respiratory regularity gated 4D CT acquisition: concepts and proof of principle” Keall P.J., Vedam S.S., George R., Williamson J.F., 2007 Sep, Australas Phys Eng Sci Med, DOI:10.1007/BF03178428 PDF
  111. “Is there a selection bias in radiotherapy dose-escalation protocols?” Weiss E., Ramakrishnan V., Keall P.J., 2007 Aug 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2007.02.006 PDF
  112. “Geometric uncertainty of 2D projection imaging in monitoring 3D tumor motion” Suh Y., Dieterich S., Keall P.J., 2007 Jun 21, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/52/12/008 PDF
  113. “A strategy to correct for intrafraction target translation in conformal prostate radiotherapy: simulation results” Keall P.J., Lauve A.D., Hagan M.P., Siebers J.V., 2007 Jun, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2731484͔ PDF
  114. “Optimum parameters in a model for tumour control probability, including interpatient heterogeneity: evaluation of the log-normal distribution” Keall P.J., Webb S., 2007 Jan 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/52/1/019 PDF
  115. “An analysis of 6-MV versus 18-MV photon energy plans for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) of lung cancer” Weiss E., Siebers J.V., Keall P.J., 2007 Jan, Radiother Oncol, DOI:10.1016/j.radonc.2006.10.021 PDF
  116. “Tumor and normal tissue motion in the thorax during respiration: Analysis of volumetric and positional variations using 4D CT” Weiss E., Wijesooriya K., Dill S.V., Keall P.J., 2007 Jan 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2006.09.009 PDF
  117. “Improving IMRT dose accuracy via deliverable Monte Carlo optimization for the treatment of head and neck cancer patients” Dogan N., Siebers J.V., Keall P.J., Lerma F., Wu Y., Fatyga M., Williamson J.F., Schmidt-ullrich R.K., 2006 Nov, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2357835͔ PDF
  118. “Investigation of patient, tumour and treatment variables affecting residual motion for respiratory-gated radiotherapy” George R., Ramakrishnan V., Siebers J.V., Chung T.D., Keall P.J., 2006 Oct 21, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1118/1.2921131͔ PDF
  119. “Clinical comparison of head and neck and prostate IMRT plans using absorbed dose to medium and absorbed dose to water” Dogan N., Siebers J.V., Keall P.J., 2006 Oct 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/51/19/015 PDF
  120. “The management of respiratory motion in radiation oncology report of AAPM Task Group 76” Keall P.J., Mageras G.S., Balter J.M., Emery R.S., Forster K.M., Jiang S.B., Kapatoes J.M., Low D.A., Murphy M.J., Murray B.R., Ramsey C.R., Van H.e.r.k., Vedam S.S., Wong J.W., Yorke E., 2006 Oct, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2349696͔ PDF
  121. “Geometric accuracy of a real-time target tracking system with dynamic multileaf collimator tracking system” Keall P.J., Cattell H., Pokhrel D., Dieterich S., Wong K.H., Murphy M.J., Vedam S.S., Wijesooriya K., Mohan R., 2006 Aug 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2006.04.038 PDF
  122. “Audio-visual biofeedback for respiratory-gated radiotherapy: impact of audio instruction and audio-visual biofeedback on respiratory-gated radiotherapy” George R., Chung T.D., Vedam S.S., Ramakrishnan V., Mohan R., Weiss E., Keall P.J., 2006 Jul 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2006.02.035 PDF
  123. “The clinical implementation of respiratory-gated intensity-modulated radiotherapy” Keall P., Vedam S., George R., Bartee C., Siebers J., Lerma F., Weiss E., Chung T., 2006 July, Med Dosim, DOI:10.1016/j.meddos.2005.12.002 PDF
  124. “A dynamic compensation strategy to correct patient-positioning errors in conformal prostate radiotherapy” Lauve A.D., Siebers J.V., Crimaldi A.J., Hagan M.P., Kealla P.J., 2006 Jun, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2198967͔ PDF
  125. “Monte Carlo-based dosimetry of head-and-neck patients treated with SIB-IMRT” Sakthi N., Keall P., Mihaylov I., Wu Q., Wu Y., Williamson J.F., Schmidt-ullrich R., Siebers J.V., 2006 Mar 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2005.09.049 PDF
  126. “Displacement-based binning of time-dependent computed tomography image data sets” Fitzpatrick M.J., Starkschall G., Antolak J.A., Fu J., Shukla H., Keall P.J., Klahr P., Mohan R., 2006 Jan, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2044427͔ PDF
  127. “Effect of patient setup errors on simultaneously integrated boost head and neck IMRT treatment plans” Siebers J.V., Keall P.J., Wu Q., Williamson J.F., Schmidt-ullrich R.K., 2005 Oct 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2005.02.029 PDF
  128. “Real-time DMLC IMRT delivery for mobile and deforming targets” Papiez L., Rangaraj D., Keall P., 2005 Sep, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1987967͔ PDF
  129. “The application of the sinusoidal model to lung cancer patient respiratory motion” George R., Vedam S.S., Chung T.D., Ramakrishnan V., Keall P.J., 2005 Sep, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2001220͔ PDF
  130. “Dosimetric impact of geometric errors due to respiratory motion prediction on dynamic multileaf collimator-based four-dimensional radiation delivery” Vedam S., Docef A., Fix M., Murphy M., Keall P., 2005 Jun, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1915017͔ PDF
  131. “Radiological properties of normoxic polymer gel dosimeters” Venning A.J., Nitschke K.N., Keall P.J., Baldock C., 2005 Apr, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1881812͔ PDF
  132. “Determination of maximum leaf velocity and acceleration of a dynamic multileaf collimator: implications for 4D radiotherapy” Wijesooriya K., Bartee C., Siebers J.V., Vedam S.S., Keall P.J., 2005 Apr, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1876581͔ PDF
  133. “Four-dimensional radiotherapy planning for DMLC-based respiratory motion tracking” Keall P.J., Joshi S., Vedam S.S., Siebers J.V., Kini V.R., Mohan R., 2005 Apr, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1879152͔ PDF
  134. “Photon-beam subsource sensitivity to the initial electron-beam parameters” Fix M.K., Keall P.J., Siebers J.V., 2005 Apr, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1884385͔ PDF
  135. “Letter to the editor concerning Senan et al., [Radiother Oncol 2004;71:139-146]” Weiss E., Vorwerk H., Keall P.J., Pradier O., Christiansen H., Hille A., Hess C.F., 2005 Mar, Radiother Oncol, DOI:10.1016/j.radonc.2004.12.008 PDF
  136. “Is the diaphragm motion probability density function normally distributed?” George R., Keall P.J., Kini V.R., Vedam S.S., Ramakrishnan V., Mohan R., 2005 Feb, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.2001220͔ PDF
  137. “A novel platform simulating irregular motion to enhance assessment of respiration-correlated radiation therapy procedures” Fitzpatrick M.J., Starkschall G., Balter P., Antolak J.A., Guerrero T., Nelson C., Keall P., Mohan R., 2005 Jan, J Appl Clin Med Phys, URL PDF
  138. “On the use of EPID-based implanted marker tracking for 4D radiotherapy” Keall P.J., Todor A.D., Vedam S.S., Bartee C.L., Siebers J.V., Kini V.R., Mohan R., 2004 Dec, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1812608 PDF
  139. “Monte Carlo-based treatment planning for a spoiler system with experimental validation using plane-parallel ionization chambers” Kang S.K., Cho B.C., Park S.H., Park H.C., Bae H., Kim J.O., Keall P.J., Siebers J.V., 2004 Nov 21, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/49/22/009 PDF
  140. “Monte Carlo source model for photon beam radiotherapy: photon source characteristics” Fix M.K., Keall P.J., Dawson K., Siebers J.V., 2004 Nov, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1803431 PDF
  141. “Monte Carlo as a four-dimensional radiotherapy treatment-planning tool to account for respiratory motion” Keall P.J., Siebers J.V., Joshi S., Mohan R., 2004 Aug 21, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1118/1.1879152͔ PDF
  142. “Predicting respiratory motion for four-dimensional radiotherapy” Vedam S.S., Keall P.J., Docef A., Todor D.A., Kini V.R., Mohan R., 2004 Aug, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1771931͔ PDF
  143. “Acquiring 4D thoracic CT scans using a multislice helical method” Keall P.J., Starkschall G., Shukla H., Forster K.M., Ortiz V., Stevens C.W., Vedam S.S., George R., Guerrero T., Mohan R., 2004 May 21, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1118/1.1879152͔ PDF
  144. “Tumor control probability predictions for genetic radiotherapy” Keall P.J., Lammering G., Lin P.S., Winter D.S., Chung T.D., Mohan R., Schmidt-ullrich R.K., 2003 Sep 1, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, DOI:10.1016/S0360-3016(03)00500-5 PDF
  145. “Image reconstruction and the effect on dose calculation for hip prostheses” Keall P.J., Chock L.B., Jeraj R., Siebers J.V., Mohan R., 2003 July, Med Dosim, DOI:10.1016/S0958-3947(02)00246-7 PDF
  146. “Radiotherapy dose calculations in the presence of hip prostheses” Keall P.J., Siebers J.V., Jeraj R., Mohan R., 2003 July, Med Dosim, DOI:10.1016/S0958-3947(02)00245-5 PDF
  147. “Dosimetric considerations for patients with HIP prostheses undergoing pelvic irradiation. Report of the AAPM Radiation Therapy Committee Task Group 63” Reft C., Alecu R., Das I.J., Gerbi B.J., Keall P., Lief E., Mijnheer B.J., Papanikolaou N., Sibata C., Van D.y.k., Aapm R.a.d.i.a.t.i.o.n., 2003 Jun, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1565113͔ PDF
  148. “Clinical evidence that more precisely defined dose distributions will improve cancer survival and decrease morbidity” Keall P.J., Williamson J.F., 2003 Jun, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1570371͔ PDF
  149. “Quantifying the predictability of diaphragm motion during respiration with a noninvasive external marker” Vedam S.S., Kini V.R., Keall P.J., Ramakrishnan V., Mostafavi H., Mohan R., 2003 Apr, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1558675͔ PDF
  150. “Quantifying the effect of intrafraction motion during breast IMRT planning and dose delivery” George R., Keall P.J., Kini V.R., Vedam S.S., Siebers J.V., Wu Q., Lauterbach M.H., Arthur D.W., Mohan R., 2003 Apr, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1543151͔ PDF
  151. “Determining the incident electron fluence for Monte Carlo-based photon treatment planning using a standard measured data set” Keall P.J., Siebers J.V., Libby B., Mohan R., 2003 Apr, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1561623͔ PDF
  152. “Patient training in respiratory-gated radiotherapy” Kini V.R., Vedam S.S., Keall P.J., Patil S., Chen C., Mohan R., 2003 April, Med Dosim, DOI:10.1016/S0958-3947(02)00136-X PDF
  153. “Acquiring a four-dimensional computed tomography dataset using an external respiratory signal” Vedam S.S., Keall P.J., Kini V.R., Mostafavi H., Shukla H.P., Mohan R., 2003 Jan 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1118/1.1915017͔ PDF
  154. “A fluence-convolution method to calculate radiation therapy dose distributions that incorporate random set-up error” Beckham W.A., Keall P.J., Siebers J.V., 2002 Oct 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/47/19/302 PDF
  155. “A method for photon beam Monte Carlo multileaf collimator particle transport” Siebers J.V., Keall P.J., Kim J.O., Mohan R., 2002 Sep 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/47/17/312 PDF
  156. “Dosimetric advantage of using 6 MV over 15 MV photons in conformal therapy of lung cancer: Monte Carlo studies in patient geometries” Keall P., Siebers J., 2002 July, J Appl Clin Med Phys, DOI:10.1120/1.1492075͔ PDF
  157. “Incorporating multi-leaf collimator leaf sequencing into iterative IMRT optimization” Siebers J.V., Lauterbach M., Keall P.J., Mohan R., 2002 Jun, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1477230͔ PDF
  158. “Dm rather than Dw should be used in Monte Carlo treatment planning. Against the proposition” Keall P., 2002 May, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1473137͔ PDF
  159. “Potential radiotherapy improvements with respiratory gating” Keall P.J., Kini V.R., Vedam S.S., Mohan R., 2002 Mar, Australas Phys Eng Sci Med, DOI:10.1007/BF03178368 PDF
  160. “The effect of dose calculation accuracy on inverse treatment planning” Jeraj R., Keall P.J., Siebers J.V., 2002 Feb 7, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/47/3/303 PDF
  161. “A Monte Carlo study of radiation transport through multileaf collimators” Kim J.O., Siebers J.V., Keall P.J., Arnfield M.R., Mohan R., 2001 Dec, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1420734͔ PDF
  162. “Determining parameters for respiration-gated radiotherapy” Vedam S.S., Keall P.J., Kini V.R., Mohan R., 2001 Oct, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1406524͔ PDF
  163. “The effect of source-axis distance on integral dose: implications for IMRT” Keall P., 2001 Sep, Australas Phys Eng Sci Med, DOI:10.1007/BF03178356 PDF
  164. “Monte Carlo dose calculations for dynamic IMRT treatments” Keall P.J., Siebers J.V., Arnfield M., Kim J.O., Mohan R., 2001 Apr, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1118/1.1561623͔ PDF
  165. “Motion adaptive x-ray therapy: a feasibility study” Keall P.J., Kini V.R., Vedam S.S., Mohan R., 2001 Jan, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1118/1.1812608 PDF
  166. “The effect of statistical uncertainty on inverse treatment planning based on Monte Carlo dose calculation” Jeraj R., Keall P., 2000 Dec, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/45/12/307 PDF
  167. “A method for determining multileaf collimator transmission and scatter for dynamic intensity modulated radiotherapy” Arnfield M.R., Siebers J.V., Kim J.O., Wu Q., Keall P.J., Mohan R., 2000 Oct, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.1312190 PDF
  168. “Converting absorbed dose to medium to absorbed dose to water for Monte Carlo based photon beam dose calculations” Siebers J.V., Keall P.J., Nahum A.E., Mohan R., 2000 Apr, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/45/4/313 PDF
  169. “The effect of dose calculation uncertainty on the evaluation of radiotherapy plans” Keall P.J., Siebers J.V., Jeraj R., Mohan R., 2000 Mar, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.598916 PDF
  170. “Comparison of EGS4 and MCNP4b Monte Carlo codes for generation of photon phase space distributions for a Varian 2100C” Siebers J.V., Keall P.J., Libby B., Mohan R., 1999 Dec, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/44/12/311 PDF
  171. “An analytical model of a kilovoltage beam phase space” Di S.o.p.r.a., Keall P., Beckham W., 1999 Sep, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.598705 PDF
  172. “Monte Carlo-based inverse treatment planning” Jeraj R., Keall P., 1999 Aug, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/44/8/303 PDF
  173. “Comparison of kilovoltage x-ray and electron beam dose distributions for radiotherapy of the sternum” Keall P., Monti d.i., Beckham W., Delaney G., 1999 July, Med Dosim, DOI:10.1016/S0958-3947(99)00004-7 PDF
  174. “Comparisons between MCNP, EGS4 and experiment for clinical electron beams” Jeraj R., Keall P.J., Ostwald P.M., 1999 Mar, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/44/3/013 PDF
  175. “Improving wedged field dose distributions” Keall P., Zavgorodni S., Schmidt L., Haskard D., 1997 Nov, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/42/11/013 PDF
  176. “Super-Monte Carlo: a 3-D electron beam dose calculation algorithm” Keall P.J., Hoban P.W., 1996 Dec, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.597842 PDF
  177. “Calculating the angular standard deviation of electron beams using Fermi-Eyges theory” Keall P.J., Hoban P.W., 1996 Aug, Phys Med Biol, DOI:10.1088/0031-9155/41/8/017 PDF
  178. “Superposition dose calculation incorporating Monte Carlo generated electron track kernels” Keall P.J., Hoban P.W., 1996 Apr, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.597679 PDF
  179. “Accounting for primary electron scatter in x-ray beam convolution calculations” Keall P., Hoban P., 1995 Sep, Med Phys, DOI:10.1118/1.597623 PDF