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Tate RL, Rosenkoetter U, Wakim D, Sigmundsdottir L, Doubleday J, Togher L, McDonald S, Perdices M (2015). The Risk-of-Bias in N-of-1 Trials (RoBiNT) Scale: An Expanded Manual for the Critical Appraisal of Single-Case Reports. Sydney, Australia: Author. ISBN 978-0-9945369-0-7

Single-case designs have a long history in psychological research. They have also gained in popularity in medical research in recent years, where they are known as N-of-1 (or N=1) trials. They can provide high-level evidence if conducted well, and at the same level as systematic reviews (OCEBM, 2011). But these designs can be complex and difficult to conduct well. This manual describes the basic structure of single-case experimental designs and N-of-1 trials. It then presents a set of criteria that are important for the scientific value of a single-case study: the Risk-of-Bias in N-of-1 Trials (RoBiNT) Scale. This scale is a critical appraisal tool for published single-case experimental research and N-of-1 trials. The manual is also directed at applied researchers as a helpful resource for planning and conducting single-case research projects.

In Chapter 1, the basic components and logic of single-case design methodology are introduced. In Chapter 2, background information on the RoBiNT Scale explains the history of its development, as well as investigations into its psychometric properties. Guidelines and suggestions on how to apply the scale to research output are provided. Chapter 3 addresses the questions: What are the crucial aspects of internal and external validity in single-case research? How can risk-of-bias be minimised to increase the scientific quality of single-case research? Detailed rating criteria are stipulated for each of the 15 items, which represent a comprehensive, yet succinct selection of the pertinent topics concerning validity in single-case research. Several examples of how to score each item are described and explained, providing users with more than 100 'real life' and fictitious examples of how the rating criteria are applied.
To order a copy of the RoBiNT Manual, please contact Prof Robyn Tate.


Tate RL (2010). (Book) A compendium of tests, scales and questionnaires: the practitioner’s guide to measuring outcomes after acquired brain impairment. Hove, UK, Psychology Press, ISBN 978-1-84169-561-7

This Compendium is a comprehensive reference manual containing an extensive selection of instruments developed to measure a range of neurological conditions, both progressive and non-progressive. It includes established instruments as well as newly developed scales and covers all aspects of the functional consequences of acquired brain impairment.

This text provides a unique review of specialist instruments for the assessment of people with neurological conditions, such as dementia, multiple sclerosis, stroke and traumatic brain injury. Part A presents scales examining body functions, including consciousness and orientation, general cognitive functions, specific cognitive functions (e.g. language, memory), regulation of behaviour, drive, and emotion and motor-sensory functions. Part B reviews scales of daily living activities and community participation. Part C focuses on contextual factors, including environmental issues and social supports and the final part contains multidimensional scales.

Each instrument is described as a stand-alone report using a uniform format. A brief history of the instrument’s development is provided, along with a description of item content and administration/scoring procedures. Psychometric properties are reviewed and a critical commentary is provided. Up to a dozen key references are cited and in most cases the actual scale is included, giving the reader easy access to the instrument. The structure of the book directly maps onto the taxonomy of the recently introduced and influential International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (2001), enabling linkage of clinical concepts across health conditions.

This Compendium provides a repository of approximately 150 instruments which are described in detail and critically reviewed. It will be a valuable reference for clinicians, researchers, educators, graduate students and a practical resource for those involved in the assessment of people with brain impairment.

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Harvey L (2008). (Book) Management of people with spinal cord injuries: a guide for physiotherapists. (Elsevier: London. ISBN-13: 978 0 443 06858 4)

Excerpt from back cover of the book: Associate Professor Lisa Harvey combines 25 years of clinical, research and teaching experience to provide physiotherapists with an innovative five-step approach to the physiotherapy management of people with SCI.

Based on the International Classification of Functioning, this approach emphasizes the importance of setting goals which are purposeful and meaningful to the patient. These goals are related to performance of motor tasks analysed in terms of six key impairments. The assessment and treatment of each of these impairments for people with SCI is described in the book.

Associate Professor Lisa Harvey develops readers’ problem-solving skills equipping them to manage all types of spinal cord injuries. Central to these skills is an understanding of how people with different patterns of paralysis perform motor tasks and the importance of different muscles for motor tasks.

This book is for students and junior physiotherapists with little or no experience in the area of spinal cord injury but with a general understanding of the principles of physiotherapy. It is also a useful resource for experienced clinicians keen to explore the evidence base of different physiotherapy interventions.