CONGRATULATIONS FOR JODY WEBSTER and Tristan Salles

pleasure to announce that our colleagues Jody Webster (Chief Investigator) and Tristan Salles (Principal Investigator) have been successful in their application for ship time on the RV Investigator.

Our colleagues Jody Webster (Chief Investigator) and Tristan Salles (Principal Investigator) have been successful in their application for ship time on the RV Investigator. They were awarded 33 days, which represents roughly $4,620,000 worth of RV Investigator shiptime, to study the Halimeda (green calcareous algae) build-ups in the Great Barrier Reef. Happy days! Congratulations Jody and Tristan. Very well done on this fantastic achievement and good luck with the research in 2020.

Project Summary:

Calcareous green alga Halimeda is a major contributor to coral reef shelf sediments and is found along the entire GBR. Previous studies of extensive Halimeda deposits, or bioherms, show they represent important inter-reef habitats and potential carbon sinks in the GBR Marine Park, covering about 26% of the northern shelf area, at least equal to the modern coral reef system. Pioneering work in 70-80s using widely-spaced, singlebeam and seismic profiles indicate the bioherms are in depths of ~20-40 m and form linear ridges and flat-topped mounds up to 20 m thick. However, new bathymetry data reveals a completely different picture of their surface morphology; characterised by complex reticulate (honeycomb-like) shapes and cyclical internal reflectors continuous over 100s of m. These new findings suggest Halimeda bioherms are more complex than previously thought – challenging existing paradims describing their origin, development and significance.

We will conduct high-resolution multibeam swath mapping and sub-bottom profiling, in conjunction with autonomous and remotely operated underwater vehicles (AUVs, ASV, ROV) seabed imaging, and sediment coring at strategic locations. Key scientific objectives of HALO are to:

1) Define the spatial distribution and morphological variation of the Halimeda bioherms;

2) Explore the relationship of the bioherms to the undersea landscape (channels, passages and submarine canyons) and key oceanographic processes;

3) Develop new 3D models explaining their origin and development, generate Holocene paleo-climate data, including novel archives of upwelling, paleo-flooding and water quality;

4) Quantify their total volume/area as a regional geological carbon sink within the context of the global carbon budget; and

5) Assess the importance of the bioherms as modern, inter-reef benthic habitats.

This research will increase our fundamental understanding of the processes that control bioherm development, and have direct implications for environmental managers tasked with predicting how these poorly studied inter-reef environments might respond to future climate change.

Project map