Emeritus Professor R Lynette Russell


Emeritus Professor
AO, RN CM, BA PhD BA UoN DNE NSWCN, FCN FRCNA MACE


Lynette has extensive experience as a clinical nurse within the health care sector and as a nurse educator and academic within the health care and higher education sectors. Her research interests involve the history of nursing and the health care sector and Lynette has a number of publications in this area. She recently wrote the history of the NSW Bush Nursing Association (with J Cornell).

Lynette was the Foundation Dean of the Faculty of Nursing (now Sydney Nursing School) at the University of Sydney. Following retirement she has established a Nursing History and Research Unit at the faculty of which she is the Director.

Research areas

  • History of nursing, nursing education and the Australian health care sector
  • Comparative history of nursing (USA, UK)
  • Professional issues in nursing
  • The history of the New South Wales Bush Nursing Association

Teaching areas

  • History of nursing, nursing education and the health care sector
  • Professional issues in nursing
  • Medical and surgical nursing
  • Ophthalmic nursing

Awards

2000 Officer, Order of Australia (A0): awarded for contributions to nursing education and administration, and to research related to recording the history of nursing

Academic awards

1978 The Margaret Auchmuty Prize in Education, University of Newcastle
1986 Institute of Education Research Prize, University of Newcastle

Scholarships

1981 Nurses’ Scholarship Foundation (NSW Nurses’ Association)
1981 Staff Development (Education Project) Fellowship Award, Department of Technical and Further Education
1969 The Hospital Commission of NSW, Scholarship to undertake Diploma in Nursing Education (NSW College of Nursing)

Honorary professional appointments and contributions

Commonwealth Ministries for Employment, Education and Training and for Health, ARMA
Steering Committee, National Review of Nurse Education in the Higher Education Sector (Professor J Reid, chairperson). Published report: National Review of Nurse Education in the Higher Education Sector – 1994 and Beyond

Commonwealth Ministries for Employment, Education and Training and for Health, ARMAC
Advisory Group, Review of Funding of Clinical Training in the Health Professionals

NSW Nurses’ Registration Board
1993–2001 Nominee of the Minister for School Education and Youth Affairs and the Minister for Further Education, Training and Employment (three 3-year terms)
1984–1987 General Nursing Certificate Item, Review committee
1989–91 Committee Member, ANRAC Competencies Project

NSW College of Nursing
Past Member and currently Fellow
1987–88 NSW Chapter, National Nursing Archives Working Party
1989–1991, 1993–1995 Counsellor (elected), Secretary (elected), Senior Vice-President (elected), President (elected), Treasury (elected)
1988 Member, Open Day Planning Committee

Australian Council of Deans of Nursing
1995–96 Foundation Chairperson (elected) and Member

NSW Council of Nurse Academics
1985–1995 Deputy Chairperson (elected) and Member

NSW Society for the History of Medicine
Vice-President (elected) 1991, Member 1991–continuing

NSW Department of Health
1993 Member, staff selection process working party

Royal College of Nursing, Melbourne
Past Fellow
1987–1989 State Representative, National Nursing Archives Working Party
1986–1987 Member, National Nursing Research Network

Miscellaneous
Former Member of the following organisations:

  • Australian College of Education (MACE)
  • Royal Australian Historical Association
  • NSW Nurses’ Association
  • Australian Nursing Federation
  • Australian and New Zealand History of Education Society

Representative

Academic Nurses Forum (NSW), delegation to Minister for Health P Collins (NSW), 24 October 1988
NSW College of Nursing, delegation to Shadow Minister for health Dr A Refshauge (NSW), 31 August 1990
Australian Council of Deans, delegation to Minister for Health Dr Carmel Lawrence, 1996

Appointments held

1999–continuing Director, Nursing History Research Unit, Sydney Nursing School, the University of Sydney
2000–continuing Emeritus Professor, the University of Sydney
1991–1999 Professor and Foundation Dean, Faculty of Nursing, the University of Sydney
1990–1991 Foundation Professor of Nursing (March 1990); Foundation Dean, Faculty of Health Studies, Charles Sturt University, Mitchell
1984–1990 Foundation Dean, School of Nursing and Health Administration, Charles Sturt University, Mitchell (formally Mitchell College of Advanced Education)
1988 Acting Deputy Principal (January-March), Mitchell College of Advanced Education
1983–1984 Head Teacher of Nursing, Regional School of Nursing, Newcastle Technical College
1982–1983 Part-time Lecturer in Education, University of Newcastle; Conjoint appointment with Teacher of Nursing, Regional School of Nursing, Newcastle Technical College
1976–1983 Teacher of Nursing, Regional School of Nursing, Newcastle Technical College
1974–1976 Senior Nursing Officer – Education, Sydney Hospital
1974–1975 Acting Principal Nursing Officer – Education, Sydney Hospital
1973–1974 Nurse Educator with Diploma, Sydney Hospital
1973 Nurse Educator with Diploma, Hornsby District Hospital
1972–1973 Travel in Europe visiting the Dorchester group of hospitals, England; American Base Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany; General Hospital, Rendsburg, Germany
1971–1972 Nurse Educator with Diploma, South West Metropolitan School of Nursing
1970–1971 Nurse Educator with Diploma, Sydney Hospital
1965–1970 Registered Nurse, Canterbury District Hospital
1964–1965 Registered Nurse, General Practice (Dr P J Miles)
1963–1964 Registered Nursing, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital
1962–1963 Student Nurse (Midwifery), Bankstown District Hospital
1957–1961 Student Nurse (General), Sydney Hospital

Invited radio presentations

30 April 2000 Hindsight: Muriel Knox Doherty (with J Cornell and H Woolstone) – ABC Radio National
9 October 2000 Mornings with Margaret Throsby – ABC Classic FM

Publications

Books

Russell RL & Pratt R, A Voice to be Heard: The New South Wales College of Nursing, NSW College of Nursing, Glebe, June 2000

Russell RL & Cornell J (eds), MK Doherty Letters from Bergin-Belsen, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, February 2000

Russell RL (ed), Doherty MK, The History of Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, NSW College of Nursing, Glebe, 1996

Russell RL (ed), Doherty MK, The Life of Muriel K Doherty, NSW College of Nursing, Glebe, December, 1996

Russell RL, From Nightingale to Now: Nurse Education in Australia, Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovich, Sydney, 1990

Reports

Russell RL, Gething L & Convery P, National Review of Specialist Nurse Education, DEETYA, Canberra, 1997

Russell RL, The International Council of Nurses Congress and Nursing in the United States: Retrospect and Prospect. Report to the Nurses Scholarship Foundation, Sydney, August 1981

Monographs

From hospital to university – the transfer of nurse education, Council of Deans of Nursing and Midwifery, Australia and New Zealand, 21 Febuary, 2005

Russell RL, In the Vanguard – Nursing in Australia, Fortieth Annual Oration, NSW College of Nursing, Glebe, 1992

Russell RL & Brown P, Gerontology for Enrolled Nurses, Charles Sturt University – Mitchell, Bathurst, December 1989 (A distance education learning package developed for the NSW Nurses’ Association)

Occasional papers

Hart G & Russell RL, Collaboration to Improve Access: A Case Study in the Provision of Continuing Education at a Distance, Occasional Papers in Distance Education, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, December 1990

Russell, R L. Nursing at Sydney Hospital – Two Hundred Years of Caring, Sydney Hospitall Gazette – Bicentennial Issue, Sydney, 1988. p.2.

Chapters

Russell RL, “Muriel Knox Doherty”, in Russell RL & Cornell J (eds), MK Doherty Letters from Bergin-Belsen, Allen & Unwin, February 2000

Russell RL, “Milestones in Australian Nursing’, in Daley J et al. (eds), Contexts of Nursing, McLennan & Petty, Sydney, December, 1999

Russell RL, “The Sydney Infirmary and its Nurses, pre 1868", History, Heritage and Health, Covacevich J et al. (eds), Merino, Brisbane, 1996

Russell RL, “Are We Asking the Right Questions?”, in Gray G & Pratt R (eds), Towards a Discipline of Nursing, Churchill Livingstone, Melbourne, 1991

Russell RL, Muriel Knox Doherty (1896–1988), Australian Dictionary of Biography, Melbourne University Press, Vol. 17, November 2007

Journal articles

Russell RL, The College’s archives – an important nursing resource. Nursing Australia, 2 (3), August 2001, pp30-31

Lusk B, Russell RL, Rodgers J & Wilson-Barnett J, Pre-registration nursing education in Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States of America, Journal of Nursing Education, 40 (5), May 2001, pp197-202

Russell RL, Muriel Doherty – Her Story, Collegian, 6 (3), July 1999, pp35-8

Russell RL, Historiography: A methodology for nurse researchers, Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 16 (1), September/November 1998, pp5-6

Russell RL, Reports – What They Demonstrate About Nursing, Collegian, 2 (2), April 1995, pp3-4

Russell RL, Book Review of An Unsentimental Union: The NSW Nurses Association 1931–1992, The Lamp, 51 (4), May 1994, pp30-31

Russell RL, Speaking Out for Nursing in the Higher Education Sector: The Australian Council of Deans of Nursing, Contemporary Nurse 3 (3), September 1994, pp99-101

Russell RL, Nursing Education – A Time for Change, The Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 15 (4), June–August 1988, pp36-44

Russell RL, Teaching Strategies, The Lamp, 37 (9), 1981, pp21-25

Russell RL, We worked hard but we enjoyed it ... General Nurse Training in NSW – The First Fifty Years, The Lamp, May 1981, pp57-62

Russell RL, An Examination of the Education Qualifications of Entrants During 1979 to the General Nursing Course, Regional School of Nursing, Newcastle Technical College, Educational Enquiry, 3 (1), May 1980, pp133-155

Russell RL, Conceptual Models for Teaching: A Current Examination, The Australian Nurses Journal, 10 (2), pp38-42

Russell RL, The Training of Nurses at the Lucy Osburn School of Nursing, Sydney Hospital 1868–1920, Educational Enquiry, 2 (1), June 1979, pp35-54

Russell RL, Looking Back – The Training of Nurses at the Lucy Osburn School of Nursing, Sydney Hospital, 1868–1920, Part 1, The Lamp, 36 (5), June 1979, pp21-23

Russell RL, Looking Back – The training of Nurses at the Lucy Osburn School of Nursing, Sydney Hospital, 1868–1920, Part 2, The Lamp, 36 (6), July 1979, pp38-40

Published conference proceedings

Russell RL & Pratt R, A tale of two women: Australian nurse leaders, Abstract published in proceedings, Celebrating nursing’s past – claiming the future, International Council of Nurses Centennial Conference, 27 June–1 July 1999, London

Russell RL, The challenge of the clinical component in the Bachelor of Nursing programs: The Australian experience. Invited Keynote Speaker. How do we integrate theory and practice in nursing education symposium. Abstract published in the report to the Council for the Renewal of Undergraduate Education, National Agency for Higher Education. 7 October 19906, Gotenborg, Sweden

Russell RL, Nursing Education – The Past: A Challenge for Our Future, Invited Keynote Address, published proceeding, Research for Practice: Making a Difference, International Nursing Conference, the University of Newcastle, 6–8 July 1995

Cornell J & Russell RL. Old Structures – New Directions, Published papers of Understanding Loss and Managing Change Conference, Adelaide, 23–24 March 1995

Russell RL, Research and the Discipline of Nursing, published proceedings, Research Day, Sydney Nursing Research Centre, Faculty of Nursing, the University of Sydney, Sydney. 27 April 1995

Russell RL, Lucy Osburn: The First of Many, Published papers of Australian Nursing … The Story, First National History Conference, Royal College of Nursing, Australia, Melbourne 15–16 May 1993

Russell RL, Medical Workforce Planning in Relation to Other Health Professions, Published proceedings of Medical Workforce and Clinical Schools in the Year 2000, Second NSW Medical Deans’ Conference, Leura, 12–14 March 1992, pp60-66

Russell RL, Science in the Basic Nursing Curriculum: A Historical Perspective, Published papers of the Science for Nurses – Future Projections Symposium, The Royal Australia Chemical Institute and Australian Institute of Physics, Mitchell College of Advanced Education, Bathurst, 21 November 1988, pp4-12

Russell RL, An Experiment in Nurse Education. The Regional School of Nursing Newcastle Technical College, Published papers of the Annual Conference Australian and New Zealand History of Education Society, Hobart, Tasmania, August 1987

Russell RL, The Control of General Nurse Training in NSW. Published papers of the 12th Annual Conference Australian and New Zealand history of Education Society, Hobart, Tasmania, August 1982

Russell RL, "In no mere spirit of trade unionism". General Nurse Training in NSW – The Early Years. Published papers of the Third Women and Labour Conference, Adelaide, June 1981

Russell RL, Conservatism and Change: General Nurse Training in 20th Century New South Wales. Published papers of the 10th Annual Conference, Australian and New Zealand History of Education Society, Newcastle, August 1980

Invited presentations

Nursing Care for the Bush, A goldmine for historians: The archives, The College of Nursing and NSW Society for the History of Medicine, Burwood, 23 October 2008

Voices from the Past: Visions for the Future, Fabiolo Oration, Australian Catholic University, 22 April 1999

Invited Keynote Address, Expanding Horizons, 3rd National Nursing History Conference, Royal College of Nursing Australia, 16 May 1997

Historiography and its relevance as a research strategy for nursing, Flagship Nursing Research Seminar, Western Sydney Area Health Service, 20 May 1997

A time for change: Nurse education in Australia, invited presentation, Nursing, Women’s History and the Politics of Welfare, Nottingham University, England, 21–24 July 1993

Lucy Osburn – The first of many, First National History Conference, Royal College of Nursing, Australia, 15–16 May 1993

Lucy Osburn – the first of many, Lucy Osburn Commemoration Seminar, Sydney Hospital, Sydney, 5 March 1993

An image of yesterday: Muriel Knox Doherty RRC (1896–1988), NSW Society of the History of Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, 21 October 1992

Change and Nursing, Opening Address, Today’s Education Formula: Tomorrow’s Nursing Practice, 5th National Nursing Education Conference, Sydney, 6 October 1992

In the vanguard – Nursing in Australia, Fortieth Annual Oration, NSW College of Nursing, Glebe, September 1992

What was the game?, Staying ahead of the game, Symposium for OR Nurses, The Institute of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Sydney, 26 June 1992

Educational issues in Australian nursing, The Australian/American Nurses Exchange Program, The NSW College of Nursing, Glebe, 9 June 1992

The relation of medicine to nursing workforce, Medical workforce and clinical schools in the year 2000, Second NSW Medical Deans’ Conference, Leura, 12 March 1992

Recruitment and retention of the nursing workforce: A historical perspective, Nursing’s image – yesterday, today and tomorrow, NSW College of Nursing 1991 Oration Conference, Sydney, 1991

Tertiary Education. A New Endowment for Nurses, Keynote speaker, 43rd Annual Conference, NSW Nurses’ Association, Sydney, 12 August 1988

Graduate Address, Orange Base Hospital, 12 April 1985

Graduation Address, Bathurst District Hospital, 20 September 1985

Presentations

Researching Nurses, Midwives and Health Professionals, A Family History Perspective, Annual History Week 2008, History Council, NSW. 6–14 September 2008

An exhibition to celebrate nursing and midwifery history, Annual History Week 2007, 18–22 September 2007

Some useful archival, museum and hospital resources (with B Capper, M Hicks) There are sources out there – waiting for you: Researching the history of nursing in the Australian context, 12th Biennial National Conference of the Australian Historical Association, The University of Newcastle, 5–9 July 2004

History of the New South Wales College of Nursing (with R Pratt), Evidence, Excellence and Expectations – Nursing’s Future in Health, Royal College of Nursing Conference, 12–14 May 1999

National review of Australian specialist nurse education (with L Gething), Nurse education tomorrow, 8th Annual International Participative Conference for Education in Health Care, University of Durham, United Kingdom, 2–4 September 1997

Muriel K Doherty Book Launch, NSW College of Nursing, Presentation of Doherty papers and books (with H Woolston), 5 November 1996

Old Structure – new Directions (with J Cornell), Understanding loss and managing change conference, Adelaide, South Australia, 23–24 March 1995

Setting the current political agenda, Contemporary issues in mental health nursing education, professional development workshop, 18 March 1994

A time for change: nurse education in Australia, Nursing, Women’s history and the politics of welfare, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK. 21–24 July 1993

Muriel Doherty’s history of nursing at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, NSW Society for the History of Medicine, 20 November 1993

Significant individuals in Australian nursing, Australian nursing: The story, 1st National Conference on Australian Nursing History, Royal College of Nursing, 15 May 1993

An image of yesterday: Muriel Knox Doherty RRC (1896–1988), NSW Society of the History of Medicine, 21 October 1992

Recruitment and retention of the nursing workforce – a historical perspective. Nursing’s image – Yesterday, today and tomorrow, NSW College of Nursing Oration Conference, 13 September 1991

Current Issues – Past Perspectives, Networking for Unity, Professional Nursing Network Seminar, Charles Sturt University – Mitchell, Bathurst. 12 November 1990

The Graduates – the University Perspective, Hands on, Hands Off Seminar, School of Nursing, University of Technology, Sydney, St Leonards, 11 October 1990

Nursing education – Towards the Year 2000, Dubbo Base Hospital, Dubbo, 23 October 1990

A Voyage of Discovery: Researching Nursing History, Doing the History of Medicine, Seminar, NSW Society of the History of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Kensington, 21 July 1990

A Treasure Hunt: Sources and the Historian, Registering Our Records: Creating a Nursing History Resource Seminar, Royal College of Nursing, Australia, held at the NSW College of Nursing, Glebe, May 1990

Sources used when writing history, A Day with History at the College, Seminar, NSW College of Nursing, Sydney 1989

Working together to develop nursing into the nineties, Clinical Conference, Parkes District Hospital, 11 December 1989

Sources used when writing history, A day with history of the College Seminar, NSW College of Nursing, 26 August 1989

Leaders in Nursing – Sydney Hospital Nurses 1868–1988, Bicentenary Health Care Congress, Sydney Hospital, 24 October 1988

The National Archives, Australian Nurse Teachers Society, NSW College of Nursing, Sydney, 19 April 1988

Teaching Practical skills – some Alternatives, New South Wales Police Academy, Goulburn, 15 September 1987

Evaluation of the Clinical Component, Diploma of Applied Science (Nursing) Course, (with M McMillan), Central Western Region Nursing Administrators Group Seminar, Bathurst District Hospital, 1986

How does it differ? The new nursing course, Bi-annual Reunion of the St Vincent’s Nurses’ Association, Bathurst, 19 September 1985

The Diploma of Applied Science (Nursing) – How you can help, Graduate Nurses Association, Dubbo Base Hospital, 14 April 1985

The Diploma of Applied Science (Nursing) at Mitchell College of Advanced Education, Central Western Region, Hospital Executive Group, Annual Conference, 1984; This paper was also presented to registered, student and enrolled nurses during In-service Education Programs, and to the Board of Directors of Hospitals and staff of the relevant regional office throughout the Central, and Orana and Far West Health Regions of the NSW Department of Health including the following: Gilgandra District Hospital, 22 August 1984; Regional Office, Orana and Far West Health Region, NSW Department of Health, 22 August 1984; Board of Directors, Dubbo Base Hospital, 22 August,1984; Orange Base Hospital, 6 August 1984; Bathurst Poly Clinic, 18 August 1984; Community Health Centre, Orange, 18 August 1984; Dubbo Base Hospital, 26 October 1984; Community Health Team, Orange, Conference, 20 November 1984; Bathurst District Hospital, 26 November 1984; St Vincent's Hospital, Bathurst, 26 November 1984; Cowra District Hospital, 10 December 1984; Parkes District Hospital, 17 December 1984; and Lithgow District Hospital, 18 December 1984

Cooperative education – its implications for nursing programs, Nursing Education Task Force Seminar, Newcastle College of Advanced Education, 29 October 1983

Curriculum Development, Nurse Education Seminar, Newcastle Regional Nurse Training Council, Newcastle, 13 September 1983

Olive Hanna – A voice from the past, Australian and New Zealand History of Education Society, Regional Meeting, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, 18 June 1983

Changing patterns of nursing education 1960–1980, University of Newcastle, 21 September 1982

Research methods in nursing history, 10th Anniversary Conference Regional School of Nursing, Newcastle Technical College, August 1982

Research in nursing, Level 3, General Nursing Program – the prevalence of back pain in nurses, Nurse Educators Seminar, Newcastle Regional Nurse Training Council, 9 February 1982

A comparative study of patterns of nursing education, Institute of Educational Research (Newcastle Branch), University of Newcastle, 6 October 1981

A study of a typical patterns of nursing education in Australia with some references to America, Department of Education, University of Newcastle, 16 September 1981

Alternative patterns of nursing administration and recruitment in America, Directors of Nursing of the Hunter Valley and Mid-North Coast Region Annual Conference, 4 September 1981

Comparative Nursing: America and Australia, Clinical Conference, Regional School of Nursing, Newcastle Technical College, September 1981

Nursing in America, Regional School of Nursing, Newcastle Technical College, August 1981

Postgraduate supervision

Doctor of Philosophy

Burr, Gayle 'The needs of relatives of critically ill patients in the intensive care environment', University of Sydney, awarded 1997

Wallis, Marianne 'The essence of caring in coronary care units as
perceived by nurses, patients and their families', University of Sydney, awarded 1997 (Co-supervisor)

Boney, Joe `The human significance of touch: Implications for nursing practice’, University of Sydney, awarded 2000

Cordery, Cheryl `Miasmic and germ theories and their impact on nursing in Colonial New South Wales, University of Sydney, Awarded 2000

Blundell, Jenni `A study of registered nurses positioning of patients with altered muscle tone, University of Sydney, awarded 2001

Rae Ruth – Jessie Tomlins: An Australian Army Nurse, World War I, University of Sydney, awarded 2001

External examiner, Doctor of Philosophy

Miller-Rosser, Kolleen Margaret, 'Nursing in Saudi Arabia: Evolution or Revolution?', PhD, Monash University, 2009

Capper, Betty 'The Hospital Matrons 1868–1980. The rise and decline of a tradition of female authority'. PhD, University of Newcastle, 2003

Piercey, Carol 'Nurse education in Western Australia from 1962–1975': A historical perspective of influences and changes, PhD, Curtin University of Technology, 2002

Forsyth, Susan, 'Defining nurses and the politics of nursing reform in New South Wales 1880–1910', PhD, University of Sydney, 2001

Cerny ZJ, 'Margaret Esteele Barnes & Annie Praed, Australia’s first Women graduate in dentistry': 20th Century femininity and professionalism in dentistry. PhD, University of Sydney, 2000

Boughton, Maureen 'Premature menopause: A phenomenological and feminist study of women’s experiences'. PhD, University of Sydney, 1997

McMillan, Margaret 'A case study of the implementation of a tertiary based nursing course using problem based learning philosophy and methodology' PhD, the University of New England, 1993

Ustick RJ, 'The rabbit catchers: a history of midwifery in Victoria', PhD, Monash University, 1988

Other awards

Dalkin M 'Overseas qualified nurses competency project', Master of Public Health, the University of Sydney, 1993

Capper, Betty, 'The history of Royal Newcastle Hospital', Master of Educational Studies, the University of Newcastle, 1990

Preston G, 'The School of Arts Movement in the Hunter', Master of Educational Studies, the University of Newcastle, 1990

Kermond C, 'An exploratory study of students use of the concepts on which a nursing curriculum is built'. Master of Health Personnel Education, the University of New South Wales, 1987

Percival P 'The maintenance of registered nurse staffing levels in Western Australian country areas: Related issues' Master of Applied Science (Health Sciences), Curtin University, 1986

External examiner, Bachelor of Nursing (Honours)

The University of Hong Kong, 1995–1998

Research funding – grants and consultancies

Research grants

1996 For research into the Doherty Collection held at the then NSW College of Nursing, Glebe $35,000

1997 Study Specialist Nurse Education in Australia, Evaluations and Investigation Program, Department of Employment, Education and Training (with L Gething) $145,838

1999–2000 To research and write the history of the NSW College of Nursing (with R Pratt) Published as A Voice to be Heard: The New South Wales College of Nursing’, Allan & Unwin, Sydney, June 2000. $30,000

Consultancies

1989–1990 Budget: $110,000. Funded by NSW Nurses Association and the NSW Department of Health. Project Coordinator: RL Russell. Continuing education for registered and enrolled nurses using the distance education mode. This consultancy included a research project in which the continuing education needs of registered and enrolled nurses was determined.

1989 Budget: $75,000. Funded by NSW Department of Health.
Project Coordinator: RL Russell. Developed and implemented three skills upgrade courses for registered nurses using the distance education mode. These courses were: Caring for the Psychogeriatric Client, Human Skills Development and Correctional Health Nursing.

1989 Budget: $15,000. Funded by NSW Department of Health.
Project Coordinator: RL Russell. Developed and implement one (1) skills upgrade course for registered nurses using the distance education mode in Correctional Health Nursing.

1989 Budget: $13,500. Funded by NSW College of Nursing.
Project Coordinator: RL Russell. Assisted in the development of an Advanced Nursing Course (Midwifery) (Infertility) (Women’s Health) in the distance education mode.

Community work

Assist with the development and maintenance of the Archives at the College of Nursing, NSW

Assist in collating and presenting displays focused on the history of nursing and the health care sector for the College of Nursing, NSW (2–3 displays per year)

Director, Nursing History Research Unit, Sydney Nursing School, the University of Sydney

Pariticipate in the NSW History Week conducted by the History Council of New South Wales by collating and presenting displays and presentations at the Nursing History Research Unit, Sydney Nursing School, the University of Sydney. (2007–continuing)