Professor Sally Tracy

RGON RM, BNurs, AdvDipMid, MA, DMid
Professor

M02A - 88 Mallett Street - Building A
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 0557
Fax +61 2 9351 0679

Website Midwifery and Women's Health

Biographical details

Sally Tracy is Professor of midwifery research at the University of Sydney and conjoint Professor at the School of Women’s and Children’s Health at the Faculty of Medicine, UNSW. Educated in midwifery in New Zealand, Australia and the UK, Professor Tracy has extensive experience in community and high-risk care, in New Zealand and Australia. She was awarded the world’s first professional doctorate in midwifery and has published widely on the epidemiology of obstetric intervention in labour and birth, preterm birth, and the outcomes of birth centre care using large population data sets, and more recently on the outcomes of caseload midwifery and the safety of stand-alone maternity units. As head of the University of Sydney Midwifery & Women’s Health Research Unit at the Royal Hospital for Women her research activity is embedded in the clinical environment ensuring an optimum level of translation of research findings into practice. Professor Tracy co-edited and co-authored the first midwifery textbook written specifically for midwives practicing in Australia and New Zealand, Midwifery: Preparation for Practice. She led the development of the ACM National Midwifery Guidelines for Consultation and Referral which are endorsed by RANZCOG and recommended for use in all states and territories in Australia. In 2011, Professor Tracy co-founded the Australian Centre for Perinatal Science (ACPS), a formal collaboration of expert scientists and clinicians in perinatal health.

She was one of 15 clinicians across Australia appointed to the Clinical Advisory Committee of the newly established national Independent Hospital Pricing Authority in 2009. Professor Tracy has been awarded the Women’s Hospitals Australasia Medal for services to women’s health.

Research interests

“Underpinning my research is the desire to make information and evidence available to all women regarding maternity and midwifery care services, to help them make informed decisions” says Professor Tracy. In line with this, her predominant research interests include:

· Health services research in midwifery

· Policy issues relating to the level and timing of intervention during labour and birth

· Guidelines for consultation and referral in relation to the scope of midwifery practice

· Innovative models of maternity care

· Physiological markers of the progress of labour

· Epidemiological research into maternity care using large linked-population databases.

Professor Tracy has a strong track record in research leadership as lead researcher on three large NHMRC project grants. In the M@NGO study reported in The Lancet, Sally Tracy and colleagues sought to answer whether continuity of midwifery carer for women at all levels of risk, from booking to postnatal discharge in the community, might reduce interventions in childbirth, reduce costs, and increase women’s satisfaction. The study found that caseload care was associated with reduced interventions in birth and reduced costs. Her current NHMRC-funded projects include: (a) a prospective cohort study of free-standing primary-level midwifery-led maternity units in Australia and New Zealand; and (b) the Amniotic Fluid Lactate study that aims to ascertain the role of amniotic fluid lactate in the diagnosis of labour dystocia.

She is currently a Chief Investigator on an ARC-Linkage Grant; an NMHRC Partnership Grant to develop a model for Birth on Country; and a chief investigator on the Queensland Flood study funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). She is committed to improving maternity care and services for Aboriginal women through her advisory role on the Poche Centre for Indigenous Health at the University of Sydney. She was involved in the NHMRC funded ‘One plus One’ study identifying the needs of and improving maternity and postnatal services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women in the Top End, NT in the year prior to and after birth. The maternity services established remain operational today.

Teaching and supervision

Current research topics

Primary Supervisor PhD (A Monk) The Evaluation of Primary Maternity Units in Australia (Completed no revisions required )

Primary Supervisor PhD (C Grigg) Decision making in Maternity Care: Why women give birth in primary maternity units in New Zealand

Primary Supervisor PhD (D Hartz) A randomised controlled trial of caseload midwifery care (Completed no revisions required)

Primary Supervisor PhD (B Hall) Is lactic acid concentration in amniotic fluid a new predictor of labour dystocia?

UNSW Secondary Supervisor PhD (P Laws) Birth centres in Australia (Completed no revisions required)

Primary Supervisor MPhil (T Martin) “Mimi Ngiya – Nans Story”.

Curriculum development and teaching

In 2008 Professor Tracy joined a small consortium led by Professor Jill White, University of Sydney, to design a three-year midwifery curriculum for Vietnam, funded by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). In the next stage of this curriculum development a four year course was developed. She was a member of the Curriculum Advisory Board, Faculty of Nursing Midwifery and Health UTS, Sydney to develop the new Bachelor of Midwifery Curriculum proposal, 2000-2004, and an external advisor for the UTS Professional Doctorates in Nursing and Midwifery. She is the external curriculum adviser for the Christchurch and Otago Polytechnics (New Zealand) four year Bachelor of Midwifery programs. Currently, she is the Pacific representative on the ICM Taskforce on Global Standards for Midwifery Education.

Current projects

International research-related achievements

2008-2012; 2012-2014 The University of Sydney, UNFPA and the Ministry of Health in Vietnam have worked together over the past six years to develop an evidence-based four year curriculum for midwives in Vietnam. This work included writing a 150,000 word reference text with an emphasis on practice in resource scarce environments which was translated into Vietnamese to accompany the curriculum. In 2014 the team completed the 2nd edition of this textbook.

National leadership

Clinical redesign and reorganisation of the maternity service to offer caseload midwifery care at the Royal Hospital for Women, Sydney (under randomised controlled trial conditions.)

Implementation and continuing support through evaluation of the first free standing midwifery unit at Ryde hospital, NSW.

Co-director of the Australian Centre for Perinatal Science (ACPS), a formal collaboration of scientists and clinicians in the perinatal field engaged in research at a national and international level in the field of perinatal medicine.

Providing advice and professional expertise to DOHA in relation to maternity services reform and access to Medicare for midwives.

Midwifery consultation with the Ngemba Elders (Stone People) of Bourke in redesigning the maternity service in a rural and remote setting

Professional expertise in midwifery and obstetrics as a member of the clinical advisory committee of IHPA

Chair, third revision of the National Midwifery Guidelines for Consultation and Referral

Associations

Member Clinical Advisory Committee, Independent Hospital Pricing Authority (Appointed by the Federal Minister for Health)

Member ICM Taskforce on Global Standards for Midwifery Education 2009 continuing

Member NHMRC review panel for Project Grants 2009 continuing

Member Royal Hospital for Women, Clinical Council 2009 continuing

Editorial board; New Zealand College of Midwives Journal

Associate Editor; BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

Member, International Scientific Research Committee, ICM 2007 continuing

Awards and honours

Women's Hospitals Australasia Medal of Distinction for services to women's health

2003 Awarded the world’s first Doctorate in Midwifery, UTS, Sydney

2002 UTS Vice Chancellor's Travel Fund Award to travel to an International Conference to present original research at Oslo, June 2002

2000 The UTS Vice Chancellor's Travel Fund Award to travel to an International Conference to present research findings at Oxford University, July 2000

Grants

2014 Poche Foundation Grant to fund a Poche Post-doctoral Fellow in Midwifery. Total $100,000 for three years.

2013 NHMRC 1044962 Project Grant. (CIA) Tracy SK, Rawlinson WR, Bisits A, Tracy MB, Shand A, Ledger W, Welsh AW. The Amniotic Fluid Lactate Study. Total $657,429.73

2013 Research Grant from the Foundation of the Royal Hospital for Women. Total $90,000.00

2012 Tracy SK Bridging Support Grant, University Sydney (Near miss grant following NHMRC 2011 round) $40,000.00

2011 Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) 246887. King S, Austin M-P, Kildea S, (AI) Tracy SK et al The effects of the Queensland floods on pregnant women, their pregnancies and their children's early development (QF2011) (Study addition to M@NGO RCT). Total $CAD 493,794.00

2009 ARC Linkage Project Grant (LP 0990427). The Royal Hospital for Women as Industry Partner (Tracy SK) with the Department of Organisation and Management at the Australian School of Business, UNSW to study employees' wellbeing and emotion management strategies

2008 NHMRC 571901 Project Grant. (CIA) Tracy SK, Foureur M, Barclay L, Tracy MB, Kensington M, Welsh A. Evaluation of Midwifery Units (EMU): a prospective cohort study of primary level (free standing) midwifery led units. Total $660,125.00

2007 NHMRC 510207 Project Grant. (CIA) Tracy SK, Chapman M, Peek M, Tracy MB, Homer C, Kildea S. A randomised controlled trial of caseload midwifery care. Total $572,000.00

2007 NHMRC 476200 A Healthy Start to Life for All Australians Strategic Award. Barclay L, Kildea S, Kruske S, Norris G, McGregor C, Curry J, (CIG) Tracy SK, 1+1=A Healthy Start to LifeTotal $528,000.00. In addition the NT Government provided $45,000 from the Research and Innovation Board (that was conditional on receiving the Healthy Start funding), with an overall total of $573,000.00

2007 Kildea S, Govan A, Witten H, Tracy SK. Northern Territory Research and Innovation Board Funding Round 4 of Research and Innovation Grants (NTRIB's) Homebirth point of service client data and analysis system. Total $14,000.00

2007 Tracy SK, UNSW Faculty of Medicine, Goldstar Award Total $40,000.00

2007 NHMRC Project Grant 457515 Levy M, Sullivan ES, (AI) Tracy SK Mothers and Gestation in Custody (MAGIC): Does imprisonment during pregnancy effect mother and baby outcomes? Total $299,000.00

2006 Bryant J, Sullivan EA, Tracy SK Phase 2. "Caesarean Pathway Model": An across-method investigation of Caesarean delivery in Australia, University of NSW, Faculty Research Grants Program. Total $20,000.00

2005 Bryant J, Sullivan EA, Tracy SK Phase 1. "Caesarean Pathway Model": An across-method investigation of Caesarean delivery in Australia, University of NSW, Faculty Research Grants Program. Total $20,000.00

2004 Barclay L, Goodman D, Tracy SK.Improving birth outcomes in China: consequences and potentials of policy, state and professional interactions. ARC/UTS grant Total $370,000.00

2003 Tracy SK (Named team investigator) Health Evaluation Research & Outcomes Network (HERON) funded by NHMRC Capacity Building Grant in Population Health Research

2000 Chamberlain M Tracy SK.The NSW Aboriginal Health Strategy FundingNSW Health. Total $180,000.00

Keywords

Midwifery; Epidemiology; Population health; Health service research

Selected grants

2015

  • Malabar Research Project; Tracy S; Royal Hospital for Women Randwick/Royal Hospital for Women Foundation.

2014

  • Indigenous birthingin an urban setting: The IBUS study; Passey M, Tracy S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Partnership Projects.

2013

  • Midwifery Research Fellow Application; Tracy S; Royal Hospital for Women Randwick/Royal Hospital for Women Foundation.
  • Post Doctoral Fellowship Fund; Tracy S; Foundation of the Royal Hospital for Women/RHW Foundation Grants.
  • Is lactic acid concentration in amniotic fluid a new predictor of labour dystocia; Tracy S, Tracy M, Shand A, Bisits A, Rawlinson W, Ledger W, Welsh A; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2012

  • The Amniotic Fluid lactate Pilot Study; Tracy S; University of Sydney/Bridging Support.
  • Lactate Study Pilot; Tracy S, Welsh A, Shand A, Tracy M; DVC Research/Bridging Support Grant.

2011

  • QF2011: The effects of the Queensland floods on pregnant women, their pregnancies and their children’s early development; Tracy S, King S, Austin M, Kildea S, Brunet A; Canadian Institutes of Health Research/International Opportunities Program Development Grant.

2009

  • The Heart of Health Care: Advancing Emotional Welllbeing, Engagement and Performance in Hospitals; Tracy S, Crisp J, Johnston A, Groth M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Evaluating Midwifery Led Units (EMU): a prospective cohort study of primary level (free standing) midwifery led units; Tracy S, Foureur M, Barclay L, Tracy M, Kensington M, Welsh A; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • A randomised controlled trial of caseload midwifery care; Kildea S, Tracy S, Chapman M, Peek M, Tracy M, Homer C, Kildea S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2007

  • Investigating the association between incarceration while pregnant and maternal and infant outcomes; Levy M, Sullivan E, Tracy S, Sullivan E; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • 1+1=A Healthy Start to Life; Tracy S, Barclay L, Kruske S, Curry J, Kildea S, Norris G, McGregor C; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/A Healthy Start to Life for All Australians.
  • Homebirth point of service client data and analysis system; Tracy S, Kildea S, Govan A, Witten H; Northern Territory Research and Innovation Board/Research Support.
  • Mothers and Gestation in Custody (MAGIC): Does imprisonment during pregnancy effect mother and baby outcomes?; Sullivan E, Levy M, Tracy S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • Bridging Grant Scheme; Tracy S; University of New South Wales/Gold Star Award.

2006

  • SK Phase 2. ‘Caesarean Pathway Model’: An across-method investigation of Caesarean delivery in Australia; Tracy S, Bryant J, Sullivan E; University of New South Wales/Faculty Research Grant.

2005

  • SK Phase 1. ‘Caesarean Pathway Model’: An across-method investigation of Caesarean delivery in Australia; Tracy S, Bryant J, Sullivan E; University of New South Wales/Faculty Research Grant.

2003

  • Health Evaluation Research & Outcomes Network (HERON); Armstrong B, Kricker A, Roberts C, Simpson J, Tracy S, Jorm L, Sullivan E, Harris M; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Strategic Awards: Capacity Building Grants in Population Health Research.

2000

  • NSW Aboriginal Health Strategy Funding; Chamberlain M, Tracy S; NSW Health/NSW Health Aboriginal Strategy Funding.

Selected publications

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Edited Books

  • Pairman, S., Pincombe, J., Thorogood, C., Tracy, S. (2006). Midwifery: Preparation for Practice. Chatswood: Churchill Livingstone.

Book Chapters

  • Dahlen, H., Schmied, V., Tracy, S. (2012). Bringing it all Together: An application of the Research Process to the Field of Practice. In Borbasi S, Jackson D (Eds.), Navigating the Maze of Research: Enhancing Nursing and Midwifery Practice (3e), (pp. 215-233). Sydney, Australia: Mosby Elsevier.
  • Tracy, S. (2011). Costing Birth as Commodity or Sustainable Public Good. In Davies L, Daellenbach R, Kensington M (Eds.), Sustainability, Midwifery and Birth, (pp. 32-44). Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Guilliland, K., Tracy, S., Thorogood, C. (2010). Australian and New Zealand healthcare and maternity services. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 3-35). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Tracy, S. (2010). Interventions in pregnancy, labour and birth. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 863-908). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Tracy, S. (2010). Options for women around fertility and reproduction. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 194-212). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Tracy, S. (2010). Screening and assessment. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 719-753). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Tracy, S. (2010). Ways of looking at evidence and measurement. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 80-103). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Miller, S., Tracy, S. (2010). Working in collaboration. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 351-363). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.

Journals

  • Gao, Y., Gold, L., Josif, C., Bar-Zeev, S., Steenkamp, M., Barclay, L., Zhao, Y., Tracy, S., Kildea, S. (2014). A cost-consequences analysis of a Midwifery Group Practice for Aboriginal mothers and infants in the Top End of the Northern Territory, Australia. Midwifery, 30(4), 447-455. [More Information]
  • Hall, B., Wong, D., Rawlinson, W., Tracy, M., Tracy, S. (2014). A validation study: assessing the reliability of the hand held StatStripXPress lactate meter to test lactate in amniotic fluid. BMC Research Notes, 7, 1-4. [More Information]
  • Grigg, C., Tracy, S., Daellenbach, R., Kensington, M., Schmied, V. (2014). An exploration of influences on women's birthplace decision-making in New Zealand: a mixed methods prospective cohort within the Evaluating Maternity Units study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14(1), 1-14. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Welsh, A., Hall, B., Hartz, D., Lainchbury, A., Bisits, A., White, J., Tracy, M. (2014). Caseload midwifery compared to standard or private obstetric care for first time mothers in a public teaching hospital in Australia: a cross sectional study of cost and birth outcomes. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Monk, A., Tracy, M., Foureur, M., Grigg, C., Tracy, S. (2014). Evaluating Midwifery Units (EMU): a prospective cohort study of freestanding midwifery units in New South Wales, Australia. BMJ Open, 4(10), 1-12. [More Information]
  • Laws, P., Xu, F., Welsh, A., Tracy, S., Sullivan, E. (2014). Maternal morbidity of women receiving birth center care in new South Wales: A matched-pair analysis using linked health data. Birth, 41(3), 268-275. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Tracy, S., Tracy, M., Bisits, A., Brown, C., Thornton, C. (2014). Rates of obstetric intervention and associated perinatal mortality and morbidity among low-risk women giving birth in private and public hospitals (2000-2008): a linked data population-based cohort study. BMJ Open, 4(5), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Madan, A., Tracy, S., Reid, R., Henry, A. (2014). Recruitment difficulties in obstetric trials: A case study and review. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 54, 546-552. [More Information]
  • Hall, B., Iwasenko, J., Moriatis, M., Rawlinson, W., Tracy, M., Tracy, S. (2013). A pilot study to determine the feasibility of collecting amniotic fluid samples from women during labour and measuring amniotic fluid lactate at point of care. BMC Research Notes, 6(1), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Monk, A., Tracy, S., Foureur, M., Barclay, L. (2013). Australian primary maternity units: Past, present and future. Women and Birth, 26(3), 213-218. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Hartz, D., Tracy, M., Allen, J., Forti, A., Hall, B., White, J., Lainchbury, A., Stapleton, H., Beckmann, M., et al (2013). Caseload midwifery care versus standard maternity care for women of any risk: M@NGO, a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet, 382(9906), 1723-1732. [More Information]
  • Monk, A., Tracy, S., Foureur, M., Tracy, M. (2013). Evaluating midwifery units (EMU): Lessons from the pilot study. Midwifery, 29(8), 845-851. [More Information]
  • Allen, J., Stapleton, H., Tracy, S., Kildea, S. (2013). Is a randomised controlled trial of a maternity care intervention for pregnant adolescents possible? An Australian feasibility study. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 13(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Dowling, H., Tracy, M., Schmied, V., Tracy, S. (2013). Maternal and perinatal outcomes amongst low risk women giving birth in water compared to six birth positions on land. A descriptive cross sectional study in a birth centre over 12 years. Midwifery, 29(7), 759-764. [More Information]
  • Grigg, C., Tracy, S. (2013). New Zealand's unique maternity system. Women and Birth, 26(1), e59-e64. [More Information]
  • Dixon, L., Tracy, S., Guilliland, K., Fletcher, L., Hendry, C., Pairman, S. (2013). Outcomes of physiological and active third stage labour care amongst women in New Zealand. Midwifery, 29(1), 67-74. [More Information]
  • Henry, A., Madan, A., Reid, R., Tracy, S., Austin, K., Welsh, A., Challis, D. (2013). Outpatient Foley catheter versus inpatient prostaglandin E2 gel for induction of labour: a randomised trial. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 13, 1-11. [More Information]
  • Hartz, D., Foureur, M., Tracy, S. (2012). Australian caseload midwifery: The exception or the rule. Women and Birth, 25, 39-46. [More Information]
  • Hartz, D., White, J., Lainchbury, K., Gunn, H., Jarman, H., Welsh, A., Challis, D., Tracy, S. (2012). Australian maternity reform through clinical redesign. Australian Health Review, 36(2), 169-175. [More Information]
  • Beasley, S., Ford, N., Tracy, S., Welsh, A. (2012). Collaboration in Maternity Care is achievable and practical. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 52(6), 576-581. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Tracy, S., Tracy, M., Bisits, A., Brown, C., Thornton, C. (2012). Rates of obstetric intervention among low-risk women giving birth in private and public hospitals in NSW: a population-based descriptive study. BMJ Open, 2(5), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Hartz, D., Hall, B., Allen, J., Forti, A., Lainchbury, A., White, J., Welsh, A., Tracy, M., Kildea, S. (2011). A randomised controlled trial of caseload midwifery care: M@NGO (Midwives @ New Group practice Options). BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 11(82), 1-16. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Jackson, M., Schmied, V., Tracy, S., Priddis, H. (2011). Birth centres and the national maternity services review: Response to consumer demand or compromise? Women and Birth, 24, 165-172. [More Information]
  • Laws, P., Lim, C., Tracy, S., Dahlen, H., Sullivan, E. (2011). Changes to booking, transfer criteria and procedures in birth centres in Australia from 1997-2007: a national survey. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20, 2812-2821. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Homer, C., Leap, N., Tracy, S. (2011). From social to surgical: Historical perspectives on perineal care during labour and birth. Women and Birth, 24(3), 105-111. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Schmied, V., Tracy, S., Jackson, M., Cummings, J., Priddis, H. (2011). Home birth and the National Australian Maternity Services Review: Too hot to handle? Women and Birth, 24, 148-155. [More Information]
  • Tracy, M., Klimek, J., Coughtrey, H., Shingde, V., Ponnampalam, G., Hinder, M., Maheshwari, R., Tracy, S. (2011). Mask Leak in One-Person Mask Ventilation Compared to Two-Person in Newborn Infant Manikin Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition (e ADC - F and N), 96(3), F195-F200. [More Information]
  • Reid, R., Susic, D., Pathirana, S., Tracy, S., Welsh, A. (2011). The ethics of obtaining consent in labour for research. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 51(6), 485-492. [More Information]
  • Tracy, M., Klimek, J., Coughtrey, H., Shingde, V., Ponnampalam, G., Hinder, M., Maheshwari, R., Tracy, S. (2011). Ventilator-delivered mask ventilation compared with three standard methods of mask ventilation in a manikin model. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition (e ADC - F and N), 96(3), F201-F205. [More Information]
  • Tracy, M., Klimek, J., Hinder, M., Ponnampalam, G., Tracy, S. (2010). Does caffeine impair cerebral oxygenation and blood flow velocity in preterm infants? Acta Paediatrica: Nurturing the Child, 99(9), 1319-1323. [More Information]
  • Barclay, L., Tracy, S. (2010). Legally binding midwives to doctors is not collaboration [Editorial]. Women and Birth, 23(1), 1-2. [More Information]
  • Tracy, M., Klimek, J., Shingde, V., Hinder, M., Maheshwari, R., Tracy, S. (2010). Neopuff T-piece mask resuscitator: is mask leak related to watching the pressure dial? Acta Paediatrica: Nurturing the Child, 99(9), 1314-1318. [More Information]
  • Laws, P., Tracy, S., Sullivan, E. (2010). Perinatal Outcomes of Women Intending to Give Birth in Birth Centers in Australia. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, 37(1), 28-36. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Homer, C., Tracy, S., Bisits, A. (2010). Planned home and hospital births in South Australia, 1991–2006: differences in outcomes [To the Editor]. Medical Journal of Australia, 192(12), 726.
  • Tracy, S., Welsh, A., Dahlen, H., Tracy, M. (2009). Adverse outcomes of labour in public and private hospitals in Australia [To the Editor]. Medical Journal of Australia, 191(10), 579-580.
  • Laws, P., Lim, C., Tracy, S., Sullivan, E. (2009). Characteristics and practices of birth centres in Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 49(3), 290-295. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Sullivan, E., Tracy, M. (2008). Reply: Admitting Term Infants to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Australia. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, 35(3), 259-260. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Dahlen, H., Tracy, M., Laws, P., Sullivan, E. (2008). Reply: Perinatal Outcomes in Birth Centers. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, 35(1), 86. [More Information]
  • Curry, J., McGregor, C., Tracy, S. (2007). A Systems Development Life Cycle Approach to Patient Journey Modeling Projects. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 129(2), 905-909. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Tracy, M., Sullivan, E. (2007). Admission of Term Infants to Neonatal Intensive Care: A Population-Based Study. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Dahlen, H., Caplice, S., Laws, P., Wang, Y., Tracy, M., Sullivan, E. (2007). Birth Centers in Australia: A National Population-Based Study of Perinatal Mortality Associated with Giving Birth in a Birth Center. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, 34(3), 194-201. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Sullivan, E., Wang, Y., Black, D., Tracy, M. (2007). Birth outcomes associated with interventions in labour amongst low risk women: A population-based study. Women and Birth, 20(2), 41-48. [More Information]
  • Bryant, J., Porter, E., Tracy, S., Sullivan, E. (2007). Caesarean birth: Consumption, safety, order, and good mothering. Social Science and Medicine, 65(6), 1192-1201. [More Information]
  • Bryant, J., Porter, M., Tracy, S., Sullivan, E. (2007). Caesarean birth: Consumption, safety, order, and good mothering. Social Science and Medicine, 65(6), 1192-1201. [More Information]
  • Fahy, K., Tracy, S. (2007). Critique of Cochrane systematic review of home-like setting for birth. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 5(3), 360-364. [More Information]
  • Fahy, K., Tracy, S. (2007). Rejoinder. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 5(3), 367. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Tracy, M., Dean, J., Laws, P., Sullivan, E. (2007). Spontaneous preterm birth of liveborn infants in women at low risk in Australia over 10 years: a population-based study. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 114(6), 731-735. [More Information]
  • Fahy, K., Tracy, S. (2006). Birth centre trials are unreliable [To the Editor]. Medical Journal of Australia, 185(7), 407.
  • Tracy, S., Dahlen, H., Tracy, M., Sullivan, E. (2006). Does size matter? A population based study of birth in lower volume maternity hospitals for low risk women [Author's Reply]. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 113(5), 617-618. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Sullivan, E., Dahlen, H., Black, D., Wang, Y., Tracy, M. (2006). Does size matter? A population-based study of birth in lower volume maternity hospitals for low risk women. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 113(1), 86-96. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Hartz, D., Nicholl, M., McCann, Y., Latta, D. (2005). An integrated service network in maternity - the implementation of a midwifery-led unit. Australian Health Review, 29(3), 332-339. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Tracy, M. (2003). Costing the cascade: estimating the cost of increased obstetric intervention in childbirth using population data. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 110(8), 717-724.
  • Roberts, C., Algert, C., Douglas, I., Tracy, S., Peat, B. (2002). Trends in labour and birth interventions among low-risk women in New South Wales. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 42(2), 176-181.

Edited Journals

  • Barclay, L., Tracy, S. (2010). Women and Birth Volume 23 Issue 1. Women and Birth, 23(1).

Conferences

  • Curry, J., McGregor, C., Tracy, S. (2006). A Communication Tool to Improve the Patient Journey Modeling Process. 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2006, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]

2014

  • Gao, Y., Gold, L., Josif, C., Bar-Zeev, S., Steenkamp, M., Barclay, L., Zhao, Y., Tracy, S., Kildea, S. (2014). A cost-consequences analysis of a Midwifery Group Practice for Aboriginal mothers and infants in the Top End of the Northern Territory, Australia. Midwifery, 30(4), 447-455. [More Information]
  • Hall, B., Wong, D., Rawlinson, W., Tracy, M., Tracy, S. (2014). A validation study: assessing the reliability of the hand held StatStripXPress lactate meter to test lactate in amniotic fluid. BMC Research Notes, 7, 1-4. [More Information]
  • Grigg, C., Tracy, S., Daellenbach, R., Kensington, M., Schmied, V. (2014). An exploration of influences on women's birthplace decision-making in New Zealand: a mixed methods prospective cohort within the Evaluating Maternity Units study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14(1), 1-14. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Welsh, A., Hall, B., Hartz, D., Lainchbury, A., Bisits, A., White, J., Tracy, M. (2014). Caseload midwifery compared to standard or private obstetric care for first time mothers in a public teaching hospital in Australia: a cross sectional study of cost and birth outcomes. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Monk, A., Tracy, M., Foureur, M., Grigg, C., Tracy, S. (2014). Evaluating Midwifery Units (EMU): a prospective cohort study of freestanding midwifery units in New South Wales, Australia. BMJ Open, 4(10), 1-12. [More Information]
  • Laws, P., Xu, F., Welsh, A., Tracy, S., Sullivan, E. (2014). Maternal morbidity of women receiving birth center care in new South Wales: A matched-pair analysis using linked health data. Birth, 41(3), 268-275. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Tracy, S., Tracy, M., Bisits, A., Brown, C., Thornton, C. (2014). Rates of obstetric intervention and associated perinatal mortality and morbidity among low-risk women giving birth in private and public hospitals (2000-2008): a linked data population-based cohort study. BMJ Open, 4(5), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Madan, A., Tracy, S., Reid, R., Henry, A. (2014). Recruitment difficulties in obstetric trials: A case study and review. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 54, 546-552. [More Information]

2013

  • Hall, B., Iwasenko, J., Moriatis, M., Rawlinson, W., Tracy, M., Tracy, S. (2013). A pilot study to determine the feasibility of collecting amniotic fluid samples from women during labour and measuring amniotic fluid lactate at point of care. BMC Research Notes, 6(1), 1-6. [More Information]
  • Monk, A., Tracy, S., Foureur, M., Barclay, L. (2013). Australian primary maternity units: Past, present and future. Women and Birth, 26(3), 213-218. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Hartz, D., Tracy, M., Allen, J., Forti, A., Hall, B., White, J., Lainchbury, A., Stapleton, H., Beckmann, M., et al (2013). Caseload midwifery care versus standard maternity care for women of any risk: M@NGO, a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet, 382(9906), 1723-1732. [More Information]
  • Monk, A., Tracy, S., Foureur, M., Tracy, M. (2013). Evaluating midwifery units (EMU): Lessons from the pilot study. Midwifery, 29(8), 845-851. [More Information]
  • Allen, J., Stapleton, H., Tracy, S., Kildea, S. (2013). Is a randomised controlled trial of a maternity care intervention for pregnant adolescents possible? An Australian feasibility study. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 13(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Dowling, H., Tracy, M., Schmied, V., Tracy, S. (2013). Maternal and perinatal outcomes amongst low risk women giving birth in water compared to six birth positions on land. A descriptive cross sectional study in a birth centre over 12 years. Midwifery, 29(7), 759-764. [More Information]
  • Grigg, C., Tracy, S. (2013). New Zealand's unique maternity system. Women and Birth, 26(1), e59-e64. [More Information]
  • Dixon, L., Tracy, S., Guilliland, K., Fletcher, L., Hendry, C., Pairman, S. (2013). Outcomes of physiological and active third stage labour care amongst women in New Zealand. Midwifery, 29(1), 67-74. [More Information]
  • Henry, A., Madan, A., Reid, R., Tracy, S., Austin, K., Welsh, A., Challis, D. (2013). Outpatient Foley catheter versus inpatient prostaglandin E2 gel for induction of labour: a randomised trial. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 13, 1-11. [More Information]

2012

  • Hartz, D., Foureur, M., Tracy, S. (2012). Australian caseload midwifery: The exception or the rule. Women and Birth, 25, 39-46. [More Information]
  • Hartz, D., White, J., Lainchbury, K., Gunn, H., Jarman, H., Welsh, A., Challis, D., Tracy, S. (2012). Australian maternity reform through clinical redesign. Australian Health Review, 36(2), 169-175. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Schmied, V., Tracy, S. (2012). Bringing it all Together: An application of the Research Process to the Field of Practice. In Borbasi S, Jackson D (Eds.), Navigating the Maze of Research: Enhancing Nursing and Midwifery Practice (3e), (pp. 215-233). Sydney, Australia: Mosby Elsevier.
  • Beasley, S., Ford, N., Tracy, S., Welsh, A. (2012). Collaboration in Maternity Care is achievable and practical. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 52(6), 576-581. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Tracy, S., Tracy, M., Bisits, A., Brown, C., Thornton, C. (2012). Rates of obstetric intervention among low-risk women giving birth in private and public hospitals in NSW: a population-based descriptive study. BMJ Open, 2(5), 1-8. [More Information]

2011

  • Tracy, S., Hartz, D., Hall, B., Allen, J., Forti, A., Lainchbury, A., White, J., Welsh, A., Tracy, M., Kildea, S. (2011). A randomised controlled trial of caseload midwifery care: M@NGO (Midwives @ New Group practice Options). BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 11(82), 1-16. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Jackson, M., Schmied, V., Tracy, S., Priddis, H. (2011). Birth centres and the national maternity services review: Response to consumer demand or compromise? Women and Birth, 24, 165-172. [More Information]
  • Laws, P., Lim, C., Tracy, S., Dahlen, H., Sullivan, E. (2011). Changes to booking, transfer criteria and procedures in birth centres in Australia from 1997-2007: a national survey. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20, 2812-2821. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S. (2011). Costing Birth as Commodity or Sustainable Public Good. In Davies L, Daellenbach R, Kensington M (Eds.), Sustainability, Midwifery and Birth, (pp. 32-44). Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Dahlen, H., Homer, C., Leap, N., Tracy, S. (2011). From social to surgical: Historical perspectives on perineal care during labour and birth. Women and Birth, 24(3), 105-111. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Schmied, V., Tracy, S., Jackson, M., Cummings, J., Priddis, H. (2011). Home birth and the National Australian Maternity Services Review: Too hot to handle? Women and Birth, 24, 148-155. [More Information]
  • Tracy, M., Klimek, J., Coughtrey, H., Shingde, V., Ponnampalam, G., Hinder, M., Maheshwari, R., Tracy, S. (2011). Mask Leak in One-Person Mask Ventilation Compared to Two-Person in Newborn Infant Manikin Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition (e ADC - F and N), 96(3), F195-F200. [More Information]
  • Reid, R., Susic, D., Pathirana, S., Tracy, S., Welsh, A. (2011). The ethics of obtaining consent in labour for research. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 51(6), 485-492. [More Information]
  • Tracy, M., Klimek, J., Coughtrey, H., Shingde, V., Ponnampalam, G., Hinder, M., Maheshwari, R., Tracy, S. (2011). Ventilator-delivered mask ventilation compared with three standard methods of mask ventilation in a manikin model. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition (e ADC - F and N), 96(3), F201-F205. [More Information]

2010

  • Guilliland, K., Tracy, S., Thorogood, C. (2010). Australian and New Zealand healthcare and maternity services. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 3-35). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Tracy, M., Klimek, J., Hinder, M., Ponnampalam, G., Tracy, S. (2010). Does caffeine impair cerebral oxygenation and blood flow velocity in preterm infants? Acta Paediatrica: Nurturing the Child, 99(9), 1319-1323. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S. (2010). Interventions in pregnancy, labour and birth. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 863-908). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Barclay, L., Tracy, S. (2010). Legally binding midwives to doctors is not collaboration [Editorial]. Women and Birth, 23(1), 1-2. [More Information]
  • Tracy, M., Klimek, J., Shingde, V., Hinder, M., Maheshwari, R., Tracy, S. (2010). Neopuff T-piece mask resuscitator: is mask leak related to watching the pressure dial? Acta Paediatrica: Nurturing the Child, 99(9), 1314-1318. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S. (2010). Options for women around fertility and reproduction. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 194-212). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Laws, P., Tracy, S., Sullivan, E. (2010). Perinatal Outcomes of Women Intending to Give Birth in Birth Centers in Australia. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, 37(1), 28-36. [More Information]
  • Dahlen, H., Homer, C., Tracy, S., Bisits, A. (2010). Planned home and hospital births in South Australia, 1991–2006: differences in outcomes [To the Editor]. Medical Journal of Australia, 192(12), 726.
  • Tracy, S. (2010). Screening and assessment. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 719-753). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Tracy, S. (2010). Ways of looking at evidence and measurement. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 80-103). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Barclay, L., Tracy, S. (2010). Women and Birth Volume 23 Issue 1. Women and Birth, 23(1).
  • Miller, S., Tracy, S. (2010). Working in collaboration. In Pairman S; Tracy SK; Thorogood C; Pincombe J (Eds.), Midwifery: Preparation for practice 2e, (pp. 351-363). Sydney: Churchill Livingstone.

2009

  • Tracy, S., Welsh, A., Dahlen, H., Tracy, M. (2009). Adverse outcomes of labour in public and private hospitals in Australia [To the Editor]. Medical Journal of Australia, 191(10), 579-580.
  • Laws, P., Lim, C., Tracy, S., Sullivan, E. (2009). Characteristics and practices of birth centres in Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 49(3), 290-295. [More Information]

2008

  • Tracy, S., Sullivan, E., Tracy, M. (2008). Reply: Admitting Term Infants to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Australia. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, 35(3), 259-260. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Dahlen, H., Tracy, M., Laws, P., Sullivan, E. (2008). Reply: Perinatal Outcomes in Birth Centers. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, 35(1), 86. [More Information]

2007

  • Curry, J., McGregor, C., Tracy, S. (2007). A Systems Development Life Cycle Approach to Patient Journey Modeling Projects. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 129(2), 905-909. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Tracy, M., Sullivan, E. (2007). Admission of Term Infants to Neonatal Intensive Care: A Population-Based Study. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Dahlen, H., Caplice, S., Laws, P., Wang, Y., Tracy, M., Sullivan, E. (2007). Birth Centers in Australia: A National Population-Based Study of Perinatal Mortality Associated with Giving Birth in a Birth Center. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, 34(3), 194-201. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Sullivan, E., Wang, Y., Black, D., Tracy, M. (2007). Birth outcomes associated with interventions in labour amongst low risk women: A population-based study. Women and Birth, 20(2), 41-48. [More Information]
  • Bryant, J., Porter, E., Tracy, S., Sullivan, E. (2007). Caesarean birth: Consumption, safety, order, and good mothering. Social Science and Medicine, 65(6), 1192-1201. [More Information]
  • Bryant, J., Porter, M., Tracy, S., Sullivan, E. (2007). Caesarean birth: Consumption, safety, order, and good mothering. Social Science and Medicine, 65(6), 1192-1201. [More Information]
  • Fahy, K., Tracy, S. (2007). Critique of Cochrane systematic review of home-like setting for birth. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 5(3), 360-364. [More Information]
  • Fahy, K., Tracy, S. (2007). Rejoinder. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 5(3), 367. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Tracy, M., Dean, J., Laws, P., Sullivan, E. (2007). Spontaneous preterm birth of liveborn infants in women at low risk in Australia over 10 years: a population-based study. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 114(6), 731-735. [More Information]

2006

  • Curry, J., McGregor, C., Tracy, S. (2006). A Communication Tool to Improve the Patient Journey Modeling Process. 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS 2006, United States: (IEEE) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [More Information]
  • Fahy, K., Tracy, S. (2006). Birth centre trials are unreliable [To the Editor]. Medical Journal of Australia, 185(7), 407.
  • Tracy, S., Dahlen, H., Tracy, M., Sullivan, E. (2006). Does size matter? A population based study of birth in lower volume maternity hospitals for low risk women [Author's Reply]. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 113(5), 617-618. [More Information]
  • Tracy, S., Sullivan, E., Dahlen, H., Black, D., Wang, Y., Tracy, M. (2006). Does size matter? A population-based study of birth in lower volume maternity hospitals for low risk women. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 113(1), 86-96. [More Information]
  • Pairman, S., Pincombe, J., Thorogood, C., Tracy, S. (2006). Midwifery: Preparation for Practice. Chatswood: Churchill Livingstone.

2005

  • Tracy, S., Hartz, D., Nicholl, M., McCann, Y., Latta, D. (2005). An integrated service network in maternity - the implementation of a midwifery-led unit. Australian Health Review, 29(3), 332-339. [More Information]

2003

  • Tracy, S., Tracy, M. (2003). Costing the cascade: estimating the cost of increased obstetric intervention in childbirth using population data. BJOG: an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, 110(8), 717-724.

2002

  • Roberts, C., Algert, C., Douglas, I., Tracy, S., Peat, B. (2002). Trends in labour and birth interventions among low-risk women in New South Wales. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 42(2), 176-181.

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