Associate Professor Sandra West

RN, RM, IntCareCert, BSc (Macq), PhD (Macq), FACN
Associate Professor of Clinical Nursing

M02C - 88 Mallett Street - Building C
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 0564
Fax +61 2 9351 0615

Website Contact details

Biographical details

Associate Professor Sandra West is a critical care nurse and midwife with a nearly three-decade career as an academic and researcher at the Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery where she is currently Post Graduate Coordinator. Her research uses sociocultural analyses of nursing work and workplaces and specifically focuses on the experience of the workers (nurses) in relation to the organisation of shift work and night work in clinical settings. Her work has made important contributions toward policy. She is the lead author of the Nurses’ and Midwives’ Nightwork Study Reportfunded by NSW Health, which provides a unique and comprehensive data-derived summary of nurses’ cross-career night work that is informing industrial relations negotiations for nurses’ conditions and penalty rates. She is also lead author of a phenomenological study into mid-life nurses’ experience of shift-work that has assisted policy-makers’ understanding of the work and personal lives of this group of workers. Associate Professor West has been instrumental in establishing Sydney Nursing School’s academic infrastructure and research training processes and has held key academic leadership roles at the faculty including Associate Dean for Postgraduate and Research Students (1995-2001) and Head of the former Department of Clinical Nursing (2001-2005). She was a major early contributor to the faculty’s higher degree research program and is a recipient of the University of Sydney Vice Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Postgraduate Supervision (2009).

Currently, as Post Graduate Coordinator, she manages the candidatures of over 60 research higher-degree students, providing guidance on matters relating to HDR student candidatures and supervision, and mentoring to research students, early career researchers and supervisors. She also has a particular interest in eLearning and the use of technologies in research and practice. As Sydney Nursing School’s Director of eLearning (2005-2007) she played a lead role in the introduction and implementation of the faculty’s eLearning programs. As Divisional Academic Director of eLearning (Health) (2008-2010), she worked with Sydney eLearning and the faculties of Dentistry, Health Sciences, Medicine, Nursing and Midwifery, and Pharmacy to address the University's strategic goals in this important and rapidly-developing area of learning and teaching. She remains a member of the university’s eLearning Working Group.

Research interests

Her research focuses on three areas:

  • Shift-work and its effects, specifically on women. Projects include investigating shift-work tolerance in mid-life, the adaptation of new nursing graduates to shift-work and the effects of current approaches to rosters/scheduling for shift-working women.
  • The organisation of nursing work within acute care areas, with a particular focus on shift and night work. Projects include observational studies within the nursing workplace of nurses' work at night, and interview-based studies of nurses' experiences of their workplace, especially that of migrant nurses, and exploring why nurses intend to continue working in clinical roles.
  • The development of a culture of research within clinical environments by assisting Clinical Nurse Consultants to develop communities of practice to support their research endeavours, and within academia by helping doctoral students and colleagues to enhance their use of digital research tools and the application of theory to research design.

Her work has been instrumental in refocusing the problems of shift-work away from the “shiftworker” (where the traditional view framed workers’ difficulties as ‘personal problems’ and where the shift and the work outcomes were framed in terms of what the worker must do to adapt to the schedule/roster). Instead her research has moved the focus toward the conduct/organisation of the work/workplace and the workers’ experience of it and developing understandings of organisational issues that are contributing to current problems relating to nurse retention within acute care environments.

Associate Professor West co-established (with Professor Trudy Rudge), the Society and Work in Nursing Research Group, to bring together researchers in the fields of nursing, social sciences and the humanities to think critically about the work of nursing and to contribute to current debates around the value of this work.

Additionally, she is an NHMRC occasional panel reviewer and has regularly reviewed grant applications for the Queensland Nursing Council Research Grant Scheme and the Nurses Memorial Centre Research Scholarship Scheme.

Teaching and supervision

Current research students

  • Aliprandi-Costa, B. Establishing a nursing framework for the management of anticoagulation therapies in cardiac catheterizations.
  • Alsayed, S. Re-problematising nurse retention in Saudi Arabia by centering nurses voices and their intention to stay.
  • Monaro, S. A Phenomenological Exploration of the Experience of Major Lower-Extremity Amputation in Patients with Peripheral Vascular Disease
  • Nepail, S Building Social Relations within a Nursing Workplace: An Ethnographic Study in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
  • Masters, J The Impact of Lunacy on the Emergency Department (ED) Nurses: Attitudes, Beliefs and Values.
  • Lake, S. Within and between: Researching nursing prioritisation of patients’ needs for care in practice.
  • Lewis, M Research and teaching relationships in 'health' at the University of Sydney.
  • Moreau, J. Problematizing the concept of functional decline in hospitalized older adults: An ethnographic study of nursing care.
  • Pendon, J. The lived experience of clinical facilitators as assessors of student performance during clinical practicum in pre-registration nursing programmes: A hermeneutic phenomenological exploration.

Completed higher degree research students (PhD only)

  • Cheung, J. Nurses’ experience of caring for “outlier patients” in the acute care setting, 2013.
  • Kelleher, M. A clinical assessment framework to guide nephrology nurse clinicians in their practice: Development, validation and application 2009.
  • Malouf, N Lessons about the transition of new graduate nurses from tertiary education to the acute care workforce in Sydney, Australia, 2009.
  • Marshall, A. Information use in clinical practice: A case study of critical care nurses’ enteral feeding decisions, 2008.
  • Shorten, A. Making Choices For Childbirth: A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Decision-aid for Informed Birth after Caesarean, 2006.
  • Thadakant, S. Exploring current midwifery practice in Thailand. AUSAID scholarship student, 2005.
  • Bredemeyer, S. The effect of body position on oxygenation, frequency of apnoea and enteral feeding patterns in the preterm infant, 2004.
  • Sheriff, J. Perceptions of the clinical competency of beginning midwives [Associate supervisor for revision of thesis], 1999.

Theses examined

  • Farrow, T “How is nursing practice with suicidal consumers in acute mental health inpatient units constructed” Doctor of Philosophy Flinders University, 2014.
  • Leong, Y “Fitting in: Personal – professional-organisational transition” Doctor of Philosophy, University of Sydney, 2014.
  • Attard, M “Carriers of responsibility: An existential encounter with parents who know their child is, or could be, a carrier of a mutation in the cystic fibrosis gene” Doctor of Philosophy, University of Sydney, 2009.
  • Rinks, M "The adoption of 3D radiation therapy planning systems in Australia" Doctor of Philosophy, University of Sydney, 2009
  • Phillips, N "The administration of medications via enteral tubes in adults: A systematic review of the evidence and description of actual practice" Doctor of Philosophy, La Trobe University, 2008.
  • Qiaoyue, GS "Investigation of factors influencing women's choice of waterbirth" Bachelor of Nursing (Honours), University of Sydney, 2007.
  • Kwanten, L "Shifting the focus: A systematic review of shiftwork and women's health" Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (Honours) University of Sydney, 2007.

Areas of teaching

Sandra currently teaches several postgraduate units of study within the Advanced Learning Master of Nursing. These include Capstone (Research), Capstone (Workplace) and Clinical Practice and Nursing Work.

Associations

Community work and Journals

Sandra is a previous (2005 – 2014) Editor of Collegian, the journal of the Royal College of Nursing Australia, and peer reviews for the following international journals, International Nurses Review, the Journal of Clinical Nursing, the Journal of Advanced Nursing, Ergonomics and Nursing Inquiry.

Keywords

Organisation of nursing work; eLearning pedagogy; Shift work; Night work; Health services and management

Selected grants

2013

  • E-Learning to improve trauma care on the wards; Wiseman T, Curtis K, West S; Motor Accident Authority of New South Wales/Research Grant.

2012

  • Health and Work Research Network; Buchanan J, Bohle P, Schofield D, Colagiuri S, Hickie I, Glozier N, Shaw T, Leeder S, Grunstein R, Riley J, Johnstone R, Quinlan M, Schofield T, Jones M, Matthews L, Grant A, West S, Chen T, Nyberg D, Shrestha R, Fattore T, Scott L, Knox-Haly M, McNamara M, Callander E; DVC Research/Research Network Scheme (SyReNS).

2007

  • Shiftwork and the mid-life registered nurse: a potentially problematic combination; West S; Nurses and Midwives Board (NSW)/Research Grants.

2000

  • The effect of environmental light exposure on the sleep quality of independently living aged adults; West S; University of Sydney/University Research Grant.
  • Sleep quality, burnout and shiftwork patterns: a multifactorial exploration of the effects of shiftwork on female nurses; West S, Bennett L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Small Grants.

Selected publications

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Books

  • West, S., Rudge, T., Mapedzahama, V. (2012). Nurses' and Midwives' Nightwork Study Report. Sydney: University of Sydney.

Book Chapters

  • Masters, J., Rudge, T., West, S. (2014). Mainstreaming the Mentally Ill. In David Holmes, Jean Daniel Jacob, Amelie Perron (Eds.), Power and the Psychiatric Apparatus: Repression, Transformation and Assistance, (pp. 183-198). Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate.
  • West, S., Lewis, M., Ward, M. (2013). Blended learning in health professional education: The intersection of technology, pedagogy and content. In Stephen Loftus, Tania Gerzina, Joy Higgs, Megan Smith, Elaine Duffy (Eds.), Educating Health Professionals: Becoming a University Teacher, (pp. 245-254). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.
  • Rudge, T., Mapedzahama, V., West, S., Perron, A. (2012). The Violence of Tolerance in a Multicultural Workplace: Examples from Nursing. In David Homes, Trudy Rudge, Amelie Perron (Eds.), (Re)Thinking Violence in Health Care Settings: A Critical Approach, (pp. 31-46). Farnham, UK: Ashgate.
  • Shorten, A., Shorten, B., West, S. (2009). Preparing Consumers for Shared Decisions: Analysing the Effectiveness of a Decision-Aid for Women Making Choices about Birth after Caesarean. In Denis Murphy and Danielle Longo (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Psychology of Decision Making. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
  • Shorten, A., Shorten, B., West, S. (2007). Preparing Consumers for Shared Decisions: Analysing the effectiveness of a decision-aid for women making choices about birth after caesarean. In Elizabeth P Blakely (Eds.), Psychology of Decision Making in Health Care, (pp. 73-104). New York, United States of America: Nova Science Publishers.
  • Mullavey-O'Byrne, C., West, S. (2001). Practising Without Certainty: Providing Health Care in an Uncertain World. In J. Higgs and A. Titchen (Eds.), Professional Practice in Health, Education and the Creative Arts, (pp. 49-61). United States: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.

Journals

  • Lake, S., Rudge, T., West, S. (2015). Making meaning of nursing practices in acute care. Journal of Organizational Ethnography, 4(1), 64-79. [More Information]
  • Chau, Y., West, S., Mapedzahama, V. (2014). Night Work and the Reproductive Health of Women: An Integrated Literature Review. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 59(2), 113-126. [More Information]
  • Marshall, A., West, S., Aitken, L. (2013). Clinical credibility and trustworthiness are key characteristics used to identify colleagues from whom to seek information. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(9-10), 1424-1433. [More Information]
  • Mapedzahama, V., Rudge, T., West, S., Perron, A. (2012). Black nurse in white space? Rethinking the in/visibility of race within the Australian nursing workplace. Nursing Inquiry, 19(2), 153-164. [More Information]
  • West, S., Mapedzahama, V., Ahern, M., Rudge, T. (2012). Rethinking shiftwork: mid-life nurses making it work. Nursing Inquiry, 19(2), 177-187. [More Information]
  • Gullick, J., West, S. (2012). Uncovering the common ground in qualitative inquiry: Combining quality improvement and phenomenology in clinical nursing research. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 25(6), 532-548. [More Information]
  • Malouf, N., West, S. (2011). Fitting in: A pervasive new graduate nurse need. Nurse Education Today, 31(5), 488-493. [More Information]
  • Marshall, A., West, S., Aitken, L. (2011). Preferred Information Sources for Clinical Decision Making: Critical Care Nurses' Perceptions of Information Accessibility and Usefulness. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 8(4), 224-235. [More Information]
  • Thornley, T., West, S. (2010). Concept formation: a supportive process for early career nurses. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 19(17-18), 2574-2579. [More Information]
  • Ward, M., West, S., Peat, M., Atkinson, S. (2010). Making it Real: Project Managing Strategic e-Learning Development Processes in a Large, Campus-Based University. Journal of Distance Education, 24(1), 21-42.
  • West, S., Boughton, M., Byrnes, M. (2009). Juggling multiple temporalities: the shift work story of mid-life nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 17(1), 110-119. [More Information]
  • Ward, M., West, S. (2008). Blogging PhD Candidature: Revealing the Pedagogy. The International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Society, 6(1), 60-71.
  • West, S. (2008). Shift-work: Nursing's sometimes silent partner. Collegian, 15(2), 43-44. [More Information]
  • West, S., Ahern, M., Byrnes, M., Kwanten, L. (2007). New graduate nurse adaptation to shift work: Can we help? Collegian, 14(1), 23-30. [More Information]
  • Long, J., West, S. (2007). Returning to nursing after a career break:elements of successful re-entry. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 25(1), 49-55.
  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2006). Enteral feeding in the critically ill: Are nursing practices contributing to hypocaloric feeding? Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 22(2), 95-105. [More Information]
  • Freeman, L., Adair, V., Timperley, H., West, S. (2006). The influence of the birthplace and models of care on midwifery practice for the management of women in labour. Women and Birth, 19(4), 97-105. [More Information]
  • Shorten, A., Shorten, B., Keogh, J., West, S., Morris, J. (2005). Making choices for childbirth: A randomized controlled trial of a decision-aid for informed birth after cesarean. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, 32(4), 252-261. [More Information]
  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2004). Gastric Tonometry And Monitoring Gastrointestinal Perfusion: Using Research To Support Nursing Practice. Nursing in Critical Care, 9(3), 123-133.
  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2004). Nutrional Intake In The Critical Ill: Improving Practice Through Research. Australian Critical Care, 17(1), 6-15.
  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2003). Gastric tonometry and enteral nutrition: a possible conflict in critical care nursing practice. American Journal Of Critical Care, 12(4), 349-356.
  • Bennett, L., West, S., Wiles, V., van, L., Grasso, J. (2001). Patient falls from bed and the role of bedrails in the acute care setting. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 19, 8-13.
  • West, S. (2001). Shiftwork and you!. Collegian, 8(4), 15-21.

Conferences

  • Mapedzahama, V., Rudge, T., West, S., Perron, A. (2011). Racial/ised Visibility and Problematised Difference in Australian Workplaces: The case of skilled black African migrant nurses. 2011 Australian Critical Race and Whiteness Studies Association (ACRWSA): Directions and Intersections Conference, Surfers Paradise, Queensland, Australia: Australian Critical Race and Whiteness Studies Association.
  • Harris, L., Lewis, M., West, S., Driscoll, P., Brown, L. (2009). Student experience in combined and accelerated Master level programs. 32nd Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia Annual Conference HERDSA 2009, Milperra: Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia.
  • Green, J., Maw, M., West, S. (2006). Integrated clinical experience:perspective of final year preregistration nursing. Australian Nurse Teachers Society Conference.
  • West, S. (2002). Developing a major research project, where can it lead? Garvan Institute Nursing Research Symposium 2002: Evidence Based Practice: Research, Relevance, Reality, : British Medical Journal Publishing Group.
  • Thadakant, S., West, S., Allnutt, S., Boontong, T. (2002). Exploring the effect of health care structure on midwifery practice in Thailand. College of Health Sciences Research Conference: From Cell to Society 3, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • Matheson, A., West, S. (2002). The ignored connection: nursing and shiftwork. Inaugural Postgraduate Nursing Research Conference, Melbourne: University of Melbourne.
  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2001). Gastric tonometry and enteral feeding: a possible conflict in critical care practice. 8th World Congress on Intensive and Critical Care Medicine, : Ads & Adea.
  • West, S. (2001). Nursing physiology: Does it exist? Stories from the Field 2 Conference, : Ads & Adea.
  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2001). Nutrition in critical illness: Current practice and future research directions. 2nd ACCCN Institute of Continuing Education (ICE) Conference, : World Scientific Publishing.
  • Bredemeyer, S., West, S. (2001). The effects of body position on oxygenation, frequency of apnoea and enteral feeding patterns in the preterm infant. 4th International Neonatal Nursing Conference, : Ads & Adea.

2015

  • Lake, S., Rudge, T., West, S. (2015). Making meaning of nursing practices in acute care. Journal of Organizational Ethnography, 4(1), 64-79. [More Information]

2014

  • Masters, J., Rudge, T., West, S. (2014). Mainstreaming the Mentally Ill. In David Holmes, Jean Daniel Jacob, Amelie Perron (Eds.), Power and the Psychiatric Apparatus: Repression, Transformation and Assistance, (pp. 183-198). Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate.
  • Chau, Y., West, S., Mapedzahama, V. (2014). Night Work and the Reproductive Health of Women: An Integrated Literature Review. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 59(2), 113-126. [More Information]

2013

  • West, S., Lewis, M., Ward, M. (2013). Blended learning in health professional education: The intersection of technology, pedagogy and content. In Stephen Loftus, Tania Gerzina, Joy Higgs, Megan Smith, Elaine Duffy (Eds.), Educating Health Professionals: Becoming a University Teacher, (pp. 245-254). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.
  • Marshall, A., West, S., Aitken, L. (2013). Clinical credibility and trustworthiness are key characteristics used to identify colleagues from whom to seek information. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(9-10), 1424-1433. [More Information]

2012

  • Mapedzahama, V., Rudge, T., West, S., Perron, A. (2012). Black nurse in white space? Rethinking the in/visibility of race within the Australian nursing workplace. Nursing Inquiry, 19(2), 153-164. [More Information]
  • West, S., Rudge, T., Mapedzahama, V. (2012). Nurses' and Midwives' Nightwork Study Report. Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • West, S., Mapedzahama, V., Ahern, M., Rudge, T. (2012). Rethinking shiftwork: mid-life nurses making it work. Nursing Inquiry, 19(2), 177-187. [More Information]
  • Rudge, T., Mapedzahama, V., West, S., Perron, A. (2012). The Violence of Tolerance in a Multicultural Workplace: Examples from Nursing. In David Homes, Trudy Rudge, Amelie Perron (Eds.), (Re)Thinking Violence in Health Care Settings: A Critical Approach, (pp. 31-46). Farnham, UK: Ashgate.
  • Gullick, J., West, S. (2012). Uncovering the common ground in qualitative inquiry: Combining quality improvement and phenomenology in clinical nursing research. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 25(6), 532-548. [More Information]

2011

  • Malouf, N., West, S. (2011). Fitting in: A pervasive new graduate nurse need. Nurse Education Today, 31(5), 488-493. [More Information]
  • Marshall, A., West, S., Aitken, L. (2011). Preferred Information Sources for Clinical Decision Making: Critical Care Nurses' Perceptions of Information Accessibility and Usefulness. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 8(4), 224-235. [More Information]
  • Mapedzahama, V., Rudge, T., West, S., Perron, A. (2011). Racial/ised Visibility and Problematised Difference in Australian Workplaces: The case of skilled black African migrant nurses. 2011 Australian Critical Race and Whiteness Studies Association (ACRWSA): Directions and Intersections Conference, Surfers Paradise, Queensland, Australia: Australian Critical Race and Whiteness Studies Association.

2010

  • Thornley, T., West, S. (2010). Concept formation: a supportive process for early career nurses. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 19(17-18), 2574-2579. [More Information]
  • Ward, M., West, S., Peat, M., Atkinson, S. (2010). Making it Real: Project Managing Strategic e-Learning Development Processes in a Large, Campus-Based University. Journal of Distance Education, 24(1), 21-42.

2009

  • West, S., Boughton, M., Byrnes, M. (2009). Juggling multiple temporalities: the shift work story of mid-life nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 17(1), 110-119. [More Information]
  • Shorten, A., Shorten, B., West, S. (2009). Preparing Consumers for Shared Decisions: Analysing the Effectiveness of a Decision-Aid for Women Making Choices about Birth after Caesarean. In Denis Murphy and Danielle Longo (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Psychology of Decision Making. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
  • Harris, L., Lewis, M., West, S., Driscoll, P., Brown, L. (2009). Student experience in combined and accelerated Master level programs. 32nd Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia Annual Conference HERDSA 2009, Milperra: Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia.

2008

  • Ward, M., West, S. (2008). Blogging PhD Candidature: Revealing the Pedagogy. The International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Society, 6(1), 60-71.
  • West, S. (2008). Shift-work: Nursing's sometimes silent partner. Collegian, 15(2), 43-44. [More Information]

2007

  • West, S., Ahern, M., Byrnes, M., Kwanten, L. (2007). New graduate nurse adaptation to shift work: Can we help? Collegian, 14(1), 23-30. [More Information]
  • Shorten, A., Shorten, B., West, S. (2007). Preparing Consumers for Shared Decisions: Analysing the effectiveness of a decision-aid for women making choices about birth after caesarean. In Elizabeth P Blakely (Eds.), Psychology of Decision Making in Health Care, (pp. 73-104). New York, United States of America: Nova Science Publishers.
  • Long, J., West, S. (2007). Returning to nursing after a career break:elements of successful re-entry. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 25(1), 49-55.

2006

  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2006). Enteral feeding in the critically ill: Are nursing practices contributing to hypocaloric feeding? Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 22(2), 95-105. [More Information]
  • Green, J., Maw, M., West, S. (2006). Integrated clinical experience:perspective of final year preregistration nursing. Australian Nurse Teachers Society Conference.
  • Freeman, L., Adair, V., Timperley, H., West, S. (2006). The influence of the birthplace and models of care on midwifery practice for the management of women in labour. Women and Birth, 19(4), 97-105. [More Information]

2005

  • Shorten, A., Shorten, B., Keogh, J., West, S., Morris, J. (2005). Making choices for childbirth: A randomized controlled trial of a decision-aid for informed birth after cesarean. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, 32(4), 252-261. [More Information]

2004

  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2004). Gastric Tonometry And Monitoring Gastrointestinal Perfusion: Using Research To Support Nursing Practice. Nursing in Critical Care, 9(3), 123-133.
  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2004). Nutrional Intake In The Critical Ill: Improving Practice Through Research. Australian Critical Care, 17(1), 6-15.

2003

  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2003). Gastric tonometry and enteral nutrition: a possible conflict in critical care nursing practice. American Journal Of Critical Care, 12(4), 349-356.

2002

  • West, S. (2002). Developing a major research project, where can it lead? Garvan Institute Nursing Research Symposium 2002: Evidence Based Practice: Research, Relevance, Reality, : British Medical Journal Publishing Group.
  • Thadakant, S., West, S., Allnutt, S., Boontong, T. (2002). Exploring the effect of health care structure on midwifery practice in Thailand. College of Health Sciences Research Conference: From Cell to Society 3, Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • Matheson, A., West, S. (2002). The ignored connection: nursing and shiftwork. Inaugural Postgraduate Nursing Research Conference, Melbourne: University of Melbourne.

2001

  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2001). Gastric tonometry and enteral feeding: a possible conflict in critical care practice. 8th World Congress on Intensive and Critical Care Medicine, : Ads & Adea.
  • West, S. (2001). Nursing physiology: Does it exist? Stories from the Field 2 Conference, : Ads & Adea.
  • Marshall, A., West, S. (2001). Nutrition in critical illness: Current practice and future research directions. 2nd ACCCN Institute of Continuing Education (ICE) Conference, : World Scientific Publishing.
  • Bennett, L., West, S., Wiles, V., van, L., Grasso, J. (2001). Patient falls from bed and the role of bedrails in the acute care setting. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 19, 8-13.
  • Mullavey-O'Byrne, C., West, S. (2001). Practising Without Certainty: Providing Health Care in an Uncertain World. In J. Higgs and A. Titchen (Eds.), Professional Practice in Health, Education and the Creative Arts, (pp. 49-61). United States: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.
  • West, S. (2001). Shiftwork and you!. Collegian, 8(4), 15-21.
  • Bredemeyer, S., West, S. (2001). The effects of body position on oxygenation, frequency of apnoea and enteral feeding patterns in the preterm infant. 4th International Neonatal Nursing Conference, : Ads & Adea.

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