THIS PAGE LAST MODIFIED Monday 22 May 2017 7:58

Edward and Kate Boulanger

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


THIS PAGE IS ALWAYS UNDER CONSTRUCTION


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "Edward and Kate Boulanger", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia): http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/boulanger-edward.php; accessed 23 May 2017




Edward Boulanger

Edward Boulanger, sketch portrait by William Thomas, detail from cover of Impromptu Polka (1862) (National Library of Australia)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/20425169


BOULANGER, Edward Desirée

(Edouard Desirée BOULANGER; E. D. BOULANGER; Edward Desiree BOULANGER)

Pianist, professor of music, teacher of the pianoforte, composer

Born Paris, France, 6 March 1829 (son of Antione Boulanger and Katherine Narcisse Rousseau)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 January 1855 (passenger on the Lydia, from London, 17 September 1854)
Departed Sydney, March 1863 (? for Melbourne, then on the Bogatyr, for New Caledonia)
Died Shanghai, China, 18 July 1863, aged 33

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1502357 (NLA persistent identifier)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Edward+Boulanger (TROVE user tag)


BOULANGER, Kate (Catherine Jane, Katharina Jane FITZSIMMONS, BARNETT)

Pianist, teacher of the pianoforte

Born Calcutta, India, 1837/38
Arrived ? Sydney, NSW, by 1846
Married Edward Boulanger, St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, 31 May 1856
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 June 1872, aged 34

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Kate+Boulanger (TROVE user tag)


BOULANGER, Bertha Katherina

Born Sydney, NSW, 14 February 1859
Married James McPherson, Waverley, NSW, 1878
Died Waverley, NSW, 27 May 1883, aged 24


Note:

As initially published in July 2015, this page documents major biographical details only.

Later updates will add a fuller and detailed account of Edward and Kate's musical activities.

Meanwhile, see also the separate entries on Edward Boulanger's works in the chronological checklist.


Summary

Edward: backgound and early years

According to death notices, Edward Desiree Boulanger (the version of his name by which he was legally identified in Australia) was a son of Antoine Boulanger of Paris (a "private secretary" to Tallyrand), and a first cousin of the second duc of Montobello, Louis Napoléon Lannes (1801-1874). In Melbourne in 1861, Boulanger himself posted a death notice for another first cousin, Auguste Gréterin, the French director of customs. In 1869 ,five years after Boulanger's own death, his widow, Kate, posted a death notice for Boulanger's mother, Catterine la comtesse de Boulanger, née Rouseaux (b. ? 1792; d.1868). The marriage of Antoine Boulanger and Catherine Narcisse Rousseau is documented, but no actual birth record for Edward has been found. Relying only on reports that he was 33 at the time of his death, Australian bibliographic records set his birth in 1829, in Paris.

Australians with a passing interest in Boulanger have, typically, tended to doubt that someone who ended up the colonies could have been a pupil of Chopin. But though there is no way of verifying this (Chopin left few records of his teaching), neither - on balance - is there a good enough reason to dismiss it. He made this claim not only in Australia, but in Holland in 1854, and on his death in 1863 a Belgian musical journal described him as a "pianiste de talent et élève de Chopin". Belonging to a family of minor Imperial officials, he could easily have taken lessons with Chopin, probably in the mid 1840s.

Edward: professional activity in Europe and America

By 1850-51, at just over twenty, he was noticed as a published composer in France, and as a pianist in England. Thereafter, despite a shared initial, his notices can fairly easily be distinguished from those of Ernest Boulanger (son of the famous opera singer, Madame Boulanger), who was mainly known as a composer of vocal works. He had two piano works published in 1850, at least one of them by Richault [Richaut; Richaud]. Further new works by him were released by Schott in Mainz in 1851 and 1854.

He made his first London appearance at a matinee given by one of the Kontski brothers in June 1850. Later, in the USA, he claimed to have been a pianist to Queen Victoria (as also reported in Holland in 1854); while this may seem doubtful to some, it may be only a slight overstatement in the language of the time and place (if he did play for her, then he was probably indeed "commanded" to do so).

He was an associate artist in Catherine Hayes's concerts in New York and Boston in 1851, and as such probably booked by Lewis Lavenu. His Parade Polka was published in New York in 1853. Much simpler and more conventional than some of his Australian works, it was clearly - perhaps rather too obviously - geared to the American popular market.

By contrast, at a concert in Holland in 1854, he programmed a new serious work, a Nocturne de Concert, which may well have been the same work he published a year later in Sydney.


Sydney, 1855-1858

We don't know (and will probably never know) precisely why Edward came to Australia. If he had left, like so many other Australian visitors did in the mid 1850s, from San Francisco, he may just have seen Australia as one stop on more extensive Far Eastern tour that would eventually return him to Europe. But since he left from London, he must have made a clear decision, perhaps keeping in mind the chance of joining Catherine Hayes's touring party. Hayes had made a brief first visit to Sydney late in 1854, though when Boulanger arrived in January 1855 she was already in Calcutta. However, she and Boulanger again met up in Sydney as she commenced her second year-long Australian stint. Despite this, they were advertised to appear together on only one occasion, in August 1855, but in fact did not, due to Hayes being indisposed.

For the moment (2015) I am not going to dwell closely on Edward's artistic achievements in Australia, but rather will simply try to fix the simpler biographical evidence.

During his first year in Sydney, however, he was extraordinarily active as a concert performer, more so certainly than in any later year. But by early in 1856 he was in financial trouble, and for the next two years he appears to have relied more on teaching, out-of-town and country touring, and in 1857 a string of new published pieces.

At the end of Boulanger's first year in Sydney, in December 1855, Frederick Mader published Boulanger's Musical Keepsake for 1856, the first single-composer collection of piano music produced in Australia, an advertised series of six piano works. The Keepsake was twice noticed in the Herald, once, without undue exaggeration musically, as "beyond all question the most admirable publication to which our country has given birth".

Elsewhere, signally under the heading "AUSTRALIAN MUSIC" (apparently not considered this a premature claim for someone only recently arrived, and a "foreigner" - that is, not a British subject - to boot), the Herald predicted that Boulanger's set would "throw all other colonial musical publications into the shade, nothing of so high a classical character having before been presented to an Australian public".

Reporting on the Keepsake first in 2011, and again in 2014, I noted that no copies had yet been identified of 5 out of the 6 listed pieces. And, as of January 2017, there is still no copy of the set or most of its component parts registered in the bibliographic record.

I can report here for the first time (January 2017), however, that one almost complete copy of the set does exist. It appears at the head of an album of piano music and song originally belonging to, and bound for, Boulanger's Sydney pupil, Teresa Curtis (Meillon-Boesen). The album is one of a pair of Curtis's albums donated to Sydney Conservatorium in 1986, now at University of Sydney, Rare Books Library, RB CON 860-9080.

Most of the first number of the Boulanger Keepsake was lost from the beginning of the album, which also lacks its original cover. However, its final page still remains loose in the book, and is reproduced below with the work list.

J. R. Clarke later advertised copies of four of the Keepsake numbers for separate sale, however a copy of only one of these is known to exist, under Clarke's new cover, but otherwise identical; it was either reprinted from the original Keepsake plates, or, probably more likely, was an unsold copy of the original print run.

The loss of most of the first number notwithstanding, the whole set can be now appreciated as an important feat of colonial production. Not only are Boulanger's works among the most sophisticated compositions by a resident composer to date, but the prints are exceptional examples of music engraving, which, moreover, are the work of a skilled artisan not otherwise known to have had any musical training, or other musical connections, namely Abraham Western Chapman (1827-1892), who for the greater part of his career was in charge of postage stamp printing for the NSW Government.

The costs involved in printing the reportedly sumptuously decorated Keepsake may well have contributed, in April 1856, to the first of Edward's three Australian insolvencies. His next musical works were issued by J. R. Clarke, around the New Year of 1857.

A second Curtis album (University of Sydney, Rare Books Library, RB CON 860-9282) contains a copy of another Boulanger work hitherto missing from the bibliographic register, namely The Simla galop, first advertised by Clarke in january 1857 (see full details in work list below)


Marriage

On 31 May 1856 at St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, Edward married Katherina Jane Fitzsimmons. Born in Calcutta, she had came to Sydney around the age of 10 with her parents, an Indian army veteran, John Michael Fitzsimmons (d.1860) and his wife Mary Jane (d.1866). Since she later became a piano teacher herself, Kate may well have been one of Edward's pupils during his first year in Sydney. Their first child, a boy, was stillborn in January 1857, and in August, for the first of many times, Kate's high-spirits and hot-temper put her on the wrong side of the law. Her father's claim to have been an officer and surgeon in India was later questioned when, in 1859, he brought against Margaret Howson, the wife of the singer-composer John Howson, and himself became the subject of a scathing article in Bell's Life. Fitzsimmons, moreover, was a former insolvent (1851), and in 1853 had faced eviction. However, by the time of his marriage, Edward himself was less than a perfect catch. Only three months before the wedding, in March 1846, he narrowly avoided a conviction for a bounced cheque, only to be declared insolvent, with debts of almost £300 in April. His own litigious streak, when cornered, had also begun to show itself, and bode ill for the marriage.


Melbourne, 1859-1861

On Christmas Eve 1858, Boulanger sailed for Melbourne alone, apparently leaving Kate, then seven months pregnant, behind in Sydney. She gave birth to their only surviving child, a daughter, Bertha Katherina Desirée Boulanger, on 14 February 1859. In Melbourne, Edward appears to have won and kept the patronage of the governor Henry Barkly. His only regular source of income appears to have been a combination of private teaching and a post in a girls school. In Victoria, he was declared insolvent for a second time in April 1861, and ended that year and his stay there by playing daily for the crowds at the Victorian Exhibition.


Sydney, 1862-63

A temporary return to Sydney during the 1861-62 summer vacation from school teaching appears to have become permanent after he found school employment there. He taught for the first term at Harriette Cousens' school, and began the second term, late in April 1862, teaching and living at Elizabeth Nutt's school. Meanwhile, in March, he was also declared insolvent in Sydney. Nutt duly paid for him to bring Kate back to Sydney from Melbourne, but they reportedly lived together in her house for only about ten days, after which they separated, probably finally. In August, having heard a rumour that Edward was about to leave the colony, Kate, reportedly in a drunken rage, paid a call on him at Nutt's house. A fortnight later Kate took Edward and Nutt to court, and vice versa, on charges of assault. In addition to his marital and growing financial troubles, Edward's name was also famously connected with Julia Bentley (Monk), herself previously a pupil of Thalberg and Arabella Goddard, in the vicious attacks on Bentley's character widely reported in the Australian press in May and June 1862.

In September 1862, the Boulangers were back in court. Having heard another rumour of a planned departure, Kate charged Edward with unlawful desertion. An order for maintenance was made against him with stiff sureties on the grounds that the court was indeed unconvinced that he was not intending to leave the colony. Having previously agreed not to do so because it might damage his own reputation, a week later she advertised as a piano teacher, as Madame Boulanger.

Having mooted it publicly for some months, Edward ultimately announced his impending departure publicly in February 1863. The well-patronised Sydney concert he and violinist Agostino Robbio gave that month was effectively a farewell. It was also, no doubt, a crucial money-raiser. Edward's insolvent estate was surrendered in March. Quite how or when he left is unclear; according to perhaps the most likely rumour, he sailed for New Caledonia with violinist Agostino Robbio at the end of March. The next that Sydney heard of him in September was news of his death, from cholera, in Shanghai in July.


After Edward's death

A benefit concert was given for Kate and her daughter in October. As "Madame Boulanger", she continued to advertise as a piano teacher in Sydney and later in Melbourne until 1866. She remarried twice, and died in Grafton, destitute, in 1872.

Two of Boulanger's Sydney pupils went on to have prominent careers as concert artists and teachers, Hannah Aldis (Mrs W. H. Palmer) and Teresa Curtis (Madame Meillon-Boesen). After his death, and through the 1860s and 1870s, occasional performances of his works were given, not only by those who had known him (such as Edward Cobley, William Stanley, Albert Alexander, and his pupils), but also by recent arrivals such as John Hill in Sydney and Henrietta Mallalieu in Brisbane, and, notably as late as 1879 by the young Maud Fitz-Stubbs.


Documentation

Ville de Paris, extrait du registre des actes de naissance, an 1829, 2e Marie; manuscript extract dated 11 July 1836

Du vendredi Six Mars Mil Huit Cent Vingt Neuf, heure de midi, acte de naissance de Edouard Desire qui nous avons reconnu etre du sèxe masculin né le trois de la mois à bon heure de relevée chez ses père et mère rue Blanche No. 43, fils de Antoine Boulanger, rentier, age de trente un ans, et de Katherine Narcisse Rousseau, son èpouse, age de trente six ans. Les témoins sont Pierre Jospeh Carlet, valet de chambre, âgé de trente ans, demeurant même rue No. 23 et Nicholas Carlet, rentier, âgé de cinquante sept ans demeurant même maison. ...


? "CONCERTS [by] HENRI BLANCHARD", Revue et gazette musicale de Paris 17/12 (24 March 1850), 101

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=y71CAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA101 

Il faut bien encore, pour être juste envers tous, dire que M. Boulanger, pianiste de talent tout comme un autre, a donné un concert chez Erard, où s'est rendu un de mes aller ego, un de ces auditeurs, non pas au conseil d'Etat, mais à quelques-unes des nombreuses séances, étoiles du ciel harmonique, qui filent avec rapidité, et pour m'aider à faire croire à mon ubiquité musicale. Ce concert a eu lieu le 20 mars, qui ne laissera pas, dit-on, un aussi glorieux souvenir que celui de Napoléon. M. Boulanger a probablement assez de modestie pour s'en consoler.


"MUSIC", Bibliographie de la France (8 June 1850), 296

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=RBw6AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA296

Ed. Boulanger [no] 112. 1er nocturne pour le piano ...; Idem. 2e nocturne pour le piano ...; Idem. Valse mazurka de salon, composé pour le piano ...; Idem., Lubinks, valse, idem ... Chez Chabal, boulevard Montmartre, 15.


"MUSIC", Bibliographie de la France (28 December 1850), 688

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=RBw6AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA688

Chez Ricault. Ed. Boulanger [no] 348. 2 polkas-mazurkas pour piano.


[Advertisement], The Morning Chronicle (24 June 1850), 1

M. DE KONTSKI'S MATINEE MUSICALE ... on Wednesday next, June 26 ... M. Edward Boulanger, from Paris (his first appearance).


"CONCERTS", The Illustrated London News (29 June 1850), 451

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=N6dUAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA451

M. de Kontski, the violinist, had a matinée musicale on Wednesday, at the house of Miss Messent, in Smitten-street, assisted by Mdlle. Nan, Misses Messent and Bassano; Signori Gardoni, Ciabatta, Salvator, and Tamburini, Herr Brandt; Miss C. Loveday, and Mdlle. Sophie Dulcken; MM. Boulanger and Rousselot.


"IN RE FITZSIMMONS", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1851), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12929848

In the matter of the application of John Michael Fitzsimmons, for the release of his estate from sequestration, the order was granted; subject, however, to the proviso that it be proved to the satisfaction of the Chief Commissioner that all the creditors have signed their assent to the release of the estate, for which purpose the order was to remain in the office for ten days.


"Friday", Boston Post (26 August 1851), 1

... Some gems were presented. That which stood at the head of all, was the piano forte performance, by Mons. C [sic] Boulanger; for neatness of execution and cleanliness of touch, and brilliancy of expression, its equal has seldom, if ever, been witnessed in our city.


"MUSIC", The Literary World (11 October 1851), 291

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=opw2AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA291

Miss [Catherine] HAYES would seem to gain friends as her concerts proceed; her voice, too, improves upon further hearing, or it may be she delivers it with greater ease and certainty, and thus does herself more justice ... Signor Marini has assisted, and M. Boulanger, a pianist of great merit, made his first appearance on Saturday evening. His style is eminently finished and graceful.


[Advertisement], Boston Post (16 October 1851), 3

Catherine Hayes will give her Second Grand Concert ... this evening ... Fantasia on Haydee on the Piano ... Boulanger ... M. E. Boulanger ... Fantasie from the Elisir d'Amore ... Boulanger ... M. E. Boulanger ... Conductor, Mr. LAVENU.


"Kritische Anzeiger", Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (31 October 1851), 190

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=OgtDAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA190

Ed. Boulanger, Op. 6. Etude pour le Piano. Op. 7. Valse de Concert pour le Piano. Mainz, Schott.


[Advertisement], The Musical World (4 September 1852), 1

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=mdwqAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA1

American Musical Fund Society ... M. BOULANGER, Pianist, PAUL JULIEN, Violinist ...


[Advertisement], Monthly Musical Bulletin (May 1853), 80

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=RRwcAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA80

E. Boulanger, Parade Polka. Dedicated to Gen. Wm. Hall.


"LANDLORD AND TENANT", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1853), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28644776

Yesterday, Mr. George Weakly sought for a warrant of ejectment against John Michael Fitzsimmons, whose weekly occupancy of a house in Palmer-street had been determined by a notice to quit, but who nevertheless refused either to surrender possession or to pay the increased rent demanded ...


[Advertisement], Neue Berliner Musikzeitung (8 March 1854), 80

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=9O1CAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA80

Novasendung No. 3. vor B. Schott's Söhnen in Mainz ... Boulanger, Ed., 2 Polka-Mazurkas. Op. 12. No. 1. 2.


"Utrecht", Caecilia: algemeen muzikaal tijdschrift van Nederland (1 January 1854), 11

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=-OtTAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA11

Utrecht. Behalve de ViolĂ­st Leenders uit Brussel ... bevindt zich nog in ons vaderland ... de Pianist Boulanger uit Parijs, élève van Chopin ...


"Negende Concert Félix Meritis, op Vrijdag, 13 January 1854", Caecilia: algemeen muzikaal tijdschrift van Nederland (1 February 1854), 27

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=-OtTAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA27

Programma. Erste Deel. Marche Funebre, van F. Chopin, Etude de Concert, voor de Piano-forte, leering van Chopin, en Pianist van H. M. de Koningin van Engeland ... Tweede Deel. ... Tremelo (Etude), 6. Fragment de I'Elisir d'amore, voor de Piano-forte, van S. Thalberg, voor te dragen door den Heer E. Boulanger ... a. Nocturne de Concert, b. Polka-Presto, voor de Piano-forte, gecomponeerd en voor te dragen door den Heer E. Boulanger ... De Heer Boulanger kwam beter besla en ten ijs, hoewel zijn verdienstelijk spel, uitblinkende door groote vaardigheid, energie in de voordragt, en kracht in de vingers, niet in staat was het publiek te electriseren, nog vervuld van de herinnering aan de zoo hoog geschatte Clara Schumann.


"SHIPPING: ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 January 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12964267

Mr. Broulanger [sic]


"M. BOULANGER", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12965004

The celebrated pianist, M. Boulanger, who has lately had the honour of performing in London before the Queen and Court, and also with great success in Europe and America, has just arrived here. We are glad to find that the inhabitants of Sydney will shortly have an opportunity of hearing this gentleman, as his services have been secured by Mr. H. Marsh, for a series of musical soirees which will take place at an early period. We have seen extracts from English and American papers which speak in the very highest terms of his abilities.


"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12965915

To-morrow evening, a soirée musicale will be given by Monsieur E. Boulanger, a pianist of much reputation in Europe and America. He was a pupil of the distinguished and lamented Chopin, whose early death was deeply regretted and widely mourned in France, and wherever musical science of the highest character has been known and appreciated. The performances of M. Boulanger before Queen Victoria, and Her Majesty's flattering approval of them are recorded in the leading English journals. As a composer, M. Boulanger also stands high in Europe; the Empress of the French has expressly given her permission that his "Meditations Harmoniques" may be dedicated to her. We have heard M. Boulanger at rehearsal, and are enabled to speak in high terms of his taste and masterly execution as a pianist. With the left hand, he may be said to produce effects which will, we have no doubt, surprise many of our youthful musical aspirants; whilst they will remind older persons of the days when Hummell, Moschelles, Liszt, Cramer, and others illustrated the beauties of an instrument, whose notes evanescent as they have been often described by those who love to "linger on the notes of a cadenza," have yet secured for it the reputation of forming an orchestra in itself. M. Boulanger will be assisted by Mrs. Spence, who will make her first appearance in Sydney. This lady is a pupil of Garcia, and is very highly spoken of in musical circles. Mrs. St. John Adcock, so favourably received at late concerts; Mr. J. Fairchild, and Mr. Henry Marsh will also perform. By permission of Colonel Bloomfield and the officers of H. M. 11th Regiment, their fine band will assist in the arrangements of the evening.


"MONSIEUR E. BOULANGER'S FIRST CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12966068

The announcement of a grande soirée musical by this talented artiste, of whose high reputation in the leading musical circles of Europe and America we have already spoken, attracted a fashionable, but we much regret to add, by no means numerous audience, on Thursday evening. The programme included selections from the best schools of Italy, France, and England. Our visitor was assisted by talent or the best order; and every arrangement was made to produce an entertainment or the highest character in musical art. Yet the salon was but scantily attended, and its appearance must have sadly discouraged M. Boulanger, who is unquestionably the most accomplished pianist that has yet visited these shores. "Why was this?" It will naturally be asked by those at a distance, who may have read the descriptions of our extravagant doings upon the occasion of the visit of Miss Catherine Hayes to our city. We cannot give a satisfactory reply; and can only regret that M. Boulanger is not the first artiste of recognised ability who has had just reason to complain of the apathy of the citizens of Sydney. Notwithstanding the surpassing skill of M. Miska Hauser, his concerts were positive failures in a financial point or view; and in the warm patronage of the families in the distant districts or the interior, he has only found recompense for the comparative neglect of the metropolis. To return, however, to the more immediate subject - a note, necessarily brief, on M. Boulanger's concert. His own performances were, 1. Meditations Harmoniques, a beautiful theme of his own, dedicated by express permission to the Empress of the French; 2. the finale to Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor. 3. First Nocturne; 4. Fragment from L'Elisir d'Amore; 5. The finale to Bellini's magnificent Norma, and lastly a brilliant Polka de concert, a composition by himself. The success or M. Boulanger was most decided. Enthusiastic encores, and loud and repeated greetings at the close or each performance, fully testified the warm appreciation by the audience of efforts of skill and illustrations of taste to which we regret our limited space, to-day, will not permit us to refer in detail. Mrs. Spence (a pupil of Garcia) made her first appearance, and was very cordially welcomed ...


"MR. MARSH'S SOIREE MUSICALE", Empire (5 March 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60179917

This musical entertainment came off, and went off ton, rather suddenly, on Saturday evening last, owing to Monsieur E. Boulanger taking abrupt French leave, "juste au milieu." Mr. Henry Marsh informing the auditory which, though not numerous was most respectable, that Monsieur Boulanger begged to decline playing to so thin an audience, Mr. Marsh adding, with becoming modesty so creditable to himself, that were he competent to supply the place of Monsieur Boulanger, he, Mr. Marsh would be happy to continue the concert. We regret that Mr. Marsh did not proceed with the entertainment, as we observed in the room several highly respcetable ladies and gentlemen, who had come some distance to attend. Mr. Henry Marsh, although perhaps, not quite so finished a performer on the pianoforte as Mousieur Boulanger, is nevertheless, a most accomplished artist, to whom we have on former occasions, listened with considerable gratification. We are at all times disposed to give merit its due "Palmam qui meruit ferat," is a motto adaptcd to the musician as well as the warrior. But we have also a duty to perform to the public, and we have no hesitation in pronouncing Mr. Boulanger's strange conduct on the occasion referred to have been a gross insult to a Sydney audience. We have been at Paris and know the tone and temper of the Parisians pretty well, and this we would affirm, that had Mr. Boulanger offered a similar insult to an auditory composed of that brave and noble nation ... As it is, we do not see how Mr. Boulanger can have the effrontery to appear again before a Sydney audience, unless a very ample apology be publicly tendered by him. ... As regards the portion of the concert which took place, we can speak most favourably. Mr. Boulanger in our opinion did not play quite as well as when we heard him on a previous occasion, and although warmly applauded at the conclusion of the solitary piece he performed, he did not condescend to offer any acknowledgment in return ...


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1855), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12966606

GRAND EVENING CONCERT, under the especial patronage of the Hon. Sir Charles Nicholson, Knight, &c, &c., &c. Mr. EDWARD BOULANGER has much gratification in announcing that he will on THURSDAY Evening next give a Concert under the above distinguished patronage, upon which occasion it will be his most careful study to place before his patrons and friends a programme which will be worthy of their attention, and when he will perform some of those pieces which have procured for him from European audiences the most unqualified approbation. Further particulars will be announced on Tuesday morning.


[Concert bill]: Mr. E. Boulanger's grand evening concert on Monday, June 11, 1855, at the Prince of Wales Theatre

(Sydney: F. Cunningham, printer, 1855)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/16652060


"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12973471

The absence of Miss Catherine Hayes, in consequence of severe indisposition, which may prevent her from re-appearing at the Prince of Wales Theatre for some short time, was, we I need scarcely say, a matter of much regret. Madame Sara Flower and Monsieur Boulanger volunteered to sing, and to play additional pieces to those apportioned to them in the programme, and their consideration in this respect was acknowledged in the most flattering manner. The orchestral performance, in which the Society now displays much force and ability, consisted of Rossini's Overture to L'ltaliana in Algeria; Haydn's famous symphony No. 8, 1st and 2nd parts, and Beethoven's magnificent overture to the "Men of Prometheus." The instrumental soli performers, were Monsieur Herwyn on the violin; and by Mons. Boulanger on the pianoforte; and the enthusiastic applause with which each was greeted testified the pleasure with which the society welcomes these valuable additions to their members. In the duet from Rossini's Tancredi, Madame Sara Flower and Miss Flora Harris were eminently successful. In the genuine spirit of song with which these ladies (as also Mrs. St. John Adcock, whose unavoidable absence last evening was regretted) have entered the Society, whose arrangements may often interfere with their professional engagements, we see additional proofs of the sure progress of the institution. The famous glees, by S. Webbe and Calcott, of "When winds breathe soft," and "Queen of the Valley," were rendered in excellent style. Nor must we omit mention of the dashing manner in which Mozart's "Non piu andrai" was sung by a non-professional member. The tones of Erard's grand concert pianoforte, lent by Mr. Henry Marsh, were heard to great advantage in the large hall, and afforded Mons. Boulanger every facility to display his extraordinary powers of execution. The concert was under the direction of Mr. C. W. F. Stier, who conducted it in his usual careful and artistic style.


"AUSTRALIAN MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28638097

M. Boulanger, the eminent pianist, has in the Press a Christmas Souvenir for his friends and pupils, containing some of his own excellent composition, and arrangements, which it is said will throw all other colonial musical publications into the shade; nothing of so high a classical character ever having before been presented to an Australian public ...

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 February 1856), 7


http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28638870

We have received from Monsieur Boulanger, a copy of his beautifully got-up new volume of music. The notice of this most exquisite production must be reserved for a day or two; at present, we shall only say that the letter-press printing - in gold, silver, and bronze, and of various tints is the most perfect work of art, of the kind, which has ever been produced in the colony. Of the pieces respectively dedicated to Lady Denison and other ladies, we can only now say that they eclipse all, in execution and beauty, we have ever heard.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 February 1856), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12979208


"REVIEW", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 February 1856), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12979227

Boulanger's Musical Keepsake for 1856. Sydney: F. MADER, 174, George-street ... The first of the series, six in number, is graced by the tutelage of Lady Denison, and bears the title of "Serenade to Don Pasquale". "A Nocturne de Concert," dedicated to Lady Stephen, is the second in order, which is followed by a "Caprice sur Norma," under the auspices of Mrs. John H. Plunkett. The fourth composition, under the name of "Concert Waltz," and countenance of Mrs. W. M. Manning, takes its place in immediate juxtaposition with the "Caprice Nocturne," with the ascription of Miss Eliza Icely's name; and the number is completed and the charm wound up with a "Souvenir d'Amerique," composed on American and original airs, and submitted to Mademoiselle Marie Sentis.


"COURT OF REQUESTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1856), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12977178

THOMPSON v. BOULANGER. - This was an action brought to recover a sum of £14, for loss and damage which the plaintiff sustained by the neglect and carelessness of the defendant. From the opening statement, it appeared that, on the 1th September the defendant, a teacher of music, hired from the plaintiff, one of the proprietors of the E. I. Co's Horse Repository, a horse, gig, and harness, on the special stipulation that he (defendant) should be responsible for any damage that the property aforesaid might sustain while in his charge ... The assessors returned a verdict for the plaintiff in the full amount claimed. Attorney for the plaintiff, Mr. Rowley; for the defendant, Mr. Want.


"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1856), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12981485

SIR, - I feel it due to the public to explain the reason I did not perform on Wednesday evening at the concert given by the Jews' Philanthropic Society. I was there to perform as advertised, but on my arrival there was no instrument, except the one belonging to Mr. Paling. This gentleman refused me the permission to perform on his piano. His reason for so doing is best known to himself, but I certainly did not expect that a brother artiste would have been ungenerous enough to have prevented my appearance, in taking advantage of a circumstance. I should have offered this short explanation at the time, but did not wish to disturb the harmony of the evening. I remain, Sir, year obedient servant, E. BOULANGER.


"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1856), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28639517

Sir, - With the insertion of the following letter you will oblige me. Having seen the letter, written by Mr. E. Boulanger, stating that I was the cause of his non-appearance on Wednesday last, by refusing him permission to play on my piano, there present; I beg to state that I did not refuse my piano to him, but that I left the Jewish Philanthropic Committee to decide this matter, who, after consultation, thought it better, from the very particular circumstances in which Mr. B. was placed some hours before, not to let him play, and therefore requested me again to fulfil my promise. W. H. PALING.


"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1856), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28639520


"COURT OF PETTY SESSIONS", Illawarra Mercury (10 March 1856), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article136442923

Edward Boulanger appeared to answer the charge of obtaining a colt from G. Buchanan under false pretences. From the opening remarks of Mr. Owen it would appear that Mr. Boulanger visited the district some few weeks ago, when he purchased the colt in question, giving a cheque payable on the 29th February; this cheque was presented at the bank, where they said he had no funds. Buchanan's ignorance of Mr. Boulanger's position in society, combined with the fact of the dishonour of the cheque, led him to prefer the charge: but, from what he had since heard, he had every reason to believe that he (Boulanger) had no intention to do wrong, and he regretted the course he had taken. Upon hearing Mr. Buchanan's evidence, the Bench dismissed the case.


"INSOLVENT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1856), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12982282

Edward Boulanger, of Charlotte-place, Church Hill, Sydney, pianist, liabilities £314 0s. 6d. Assets: value of personal property £10; outstanding debts, £8 18s. 6d.: total assets, £18 18s. 6d. Deficit, £295 2s. 6d. Mr. Morris, Official assignee.


[Advertisement], The Argus (12 April 1856), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4835309

BOULANGER'S MUSICAL KEEPSAKE, for 1856 - Just published by Mr. F. Mader, Sydney, elaborately got up ... May be obtained by parties sending their address to MUSICAL, office of this paper. Price, 30s.


"INSOLVENT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 April 1856), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12983776

In the estate of Edward Boulanger, a single meeting. One claim -£36 17s. 6d. - was proved. Insolvent was allowed to retain his wearing apparel.


"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1856), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12975265

By special license, on Saturday, 31st of May, at St. Mary's Cathedral, by Rev. J. E. Gurbeillon, E. D. Boulanger, Esq., to Katharina Jane, only daughter of J. M. Fitzsimmons, late Hospital Assistant 4th B.G.N.I..


"M. BOULANGER", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (17 June 1856), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18648186

A lover of music in Maitland, a well known inhabitant, who vouches for the correctness of the praise, has furnished us with a very warm introduction of this distinguished pianist and musician, to our readers. We have not room for it however in this number. M. Boulanger, it will be seen, gives his first concert in Maitland on Saturday next, at the Sir William Denison.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1856), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12984212

MR. E. D. BOULANGER begs to inform his pupils and the public that he will resume his Lessons on the 30th instant. Sydney, 28th June, 1856.


[Advertisement], Empire (4 August 1856), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60251599

MR. EDWARD BOULANGER, Pianist, from Paris, begs to inform the public that he has several hours disengaged for Lessons, and will also attend Evening Parties as Pianist. No. 87, Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo, Sydney, August 4, 1850.


"MISKA HAUSER'S FAREWELL CONCERT", Empire (28 August 1856), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64975428

Notwithstanding the several attractions elsewhere, Mr. Hauser's Instrumental and Vocal Concert drew a numerous and respectable audience, who most unmistakably testified their appreciation of Madame Cailly's singing, and the great violinist's wonderful performances; indeed so prolonged and determined was the applause that, we believe, literally every piece obtained an encore. Miska Hauser's splendid execution of the Adagio Religioso, and Fantasia from Norma, were especially admired. Mr. E. Boulanger performed with great effect Chopin's "Scherzo;" and also his own "Last Concert Waltz." Altogether the Concert was excellent, and gave general satisfaction.


"MISKA HAUSER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1856), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28635202

... Mr. Boulanger played an extraordinary, noisy, queer, outre, and never sufficiently to-be-understood scherzo of Chopin; it may be very good, is undoubtedly very difficult, and, as Doctor Johnson remarked about the fiddle concerto, "would to Heaven, sir, it were impossible!" Mr. B. also gave his own nocturne, in which his delicacy of finger and sparkling vivacity were delightful ...


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1857), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12990993

MR. E. D. BOULANGER, Professor of the Pianoforte. Forbes-atreet, Woolloomooloo.


"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 January 1857), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28636581

On Monday, the 19th instant, at her residence, Forbes-street, Woolloomooloo, the wife of E. D. Boulanger, Esq., of a still-born male child.


[Advertisement], Empire (25 June 1857), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64983752

NOTICE OF REMOVAL. - Mr. E. D. BOULANGER removed to Wentworth House, Church-hill.


"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 August 1857), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12999296

Kate Boulanger appeared on summons to answer the information of John J. Murphy, which alleged that on the 1st August, she (defendant) did unlawfully assault him by sprinkling cowhage in his trousers. From complainant's evidence it appeared that he is resident at a boarding establishment, where also the defendant lodged. On the morning of Sunday, the 2nd instant, he put on a pair of trousers, which about noon on the previous day he had changed for another, and left them hanging in his bedroom, which is on the same floor with the apartment occupied by defendant; he immediately began to suffer from severe irritation, as of something penetrating his skin, and an intense itching about the lower parts of his body, which for about three quarters of an hour he endured, and then took a warm bath and changed his trousers; he did not understand the cause of this irritation until afterward, when he received information of a trick which had been practised upon him; it was worse than an attack by any number of fleas, or than a fly blister; on Monday morning he again put on the trousers before spoken of, but was compelled by a renewal of the irritation to put them off; on the Tuesday he received information as to the cause, and by whom he had been so served. Selina Richardson, a servant, deposed that on last Saturday night week, at defendant's request, she took her a pair of trousers from Mr. Murphy's bedroom, she held the garment while defendant rubbed into the cloth, inside, in the centre and front, some brown stuff like this (some cowhage, produced by the counsel for the prosecution); witness then returned the trousers to the place whence she took them; defendant said it was a laughable joke, and told witness to keep it secret. On cross-examination she said that she was sent for by her mistress on Tuesday last week, in reference to this matter, and questioned; she then told her that Mrs. Boulanger had procured and used some cowhage in Mr. Murphy's trousers, and the man-servant said that he had heard Mrs. Boulanger say of having used it, and that she wondered how Mr. Murphy felt after it. Mr. Moffat, for defendant, contended in a long speech that, supposing all the evidence to be true, no offence had been committed by his client, at either statute or common law; but if it were, the information must be dismissed, for whereas his client was charged with sprinkling cowhage, whereas by the evidence it appeared to have been rubbed into the material of the trousers! Their Worships intimated to complainant's solicitors (Mr. Shuttleworth and Mr. Roberts) that it was quite unnecessary for either of them to reply. They found the defendant guilty of an assault, and sentenced her to pay a penalty of 40s. with 7s. costs, or in default to be imprisoned twenty-four hours.


"CONCERT ON CHRISTMAS EVE", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (26 December 1857), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18651918

On Christmas Eve a concert was given at the School of Arts, West Maitland, by M. Miska Hauser and Boulanger, when, we are sorry to say, the attendance was miserably small. It is certainly discouraging that the greatest artistes of the colony, in their visits to our town, should not obtain average support ...


"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1857), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13004459

... Miska Hauser, Madame Sara Flower, and M. Boulanger are expected in Sydney by the Hunter River boat, to-day, to perform this evening at the Philharmonic, and we understand will leave again for Moreton Bay immediately after the concert.


[News], The North Australian, Ipswich and General Advertiser (29 December 1857), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77426629

The celebrated violinist, M. Hauser, gave a concert at the Royal Hotel on Wednesday, and most deservedly had a bumper. The modem Paganini played deliciously, as did Mons. Boulanger, the best pianist ever heard in Sydney. Mr. Hauser begins to be appreciated, and has announced another concert for to-morrow ...


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1858), 10

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28634124

MR. BOULANGER, 78, William-street, Woolloomooloo.


"MISKA HAUSER'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1858), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28634697

... M. Boulanger was most successful in the "Impromptu Polka," which is a work of his own composition, or invention rather, seeing that it is impromptu ...

"M. BOULANGER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1858), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13011035

This talented pianist gave a concert last evening, in the hall of the Sydney Exchange, under the patronage of the Philharmonic Society. The programme was mainly an instrumental one ... One circumstance ... which, no doubt, contributed to the attractiveness of the occasion was the debut of a violin soloist, M. Carl Schmidt, whose execution of De Beriot's "Air Varié" - glassy and distinct - at once proclaimed an arduous study of the difficulties of the instrument, with high musical taste. The great feature of the evening was Thalberg's celebrated duo, arranged for two pianos, from "Les Huguenots," by Madame Amalia Rawack and M. Boulanger. The fair pianiste was greeted with the most enthusiastic marks of approbation upon taking her seat at the piano; both performers seemed to revel in the glories of this magnificent composition, which was given with the utmost effect, both as regards melody and power; the duo alternates between extreme brilliancy, gracefulness, and melodious andante passages, requiring now an elasticity of touch, now a delicacy of finish by the performers, which exhibited a mastery over the instrument that even in the moat rapid and forte passages developed the subject throughout with remarkable clearness ...


"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1858), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13015245

December 24. - City of Sydney (s), 434 tons, Captain R. T. Moodie, for Melbourne. Passengers - Mr. Robert Rome, Mr. Boulanger, Mr. F. R. Vidal, Mr. W. Kaye, Mr. Cunningham, and 15 in the steerage


"MELBOURNE (FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT)", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1859), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13017218

Mr. Boulanger, the pianist, has arrived here, and contemplates shortly making his debut before the public of Melbourne. Although so well known to you, Mr. Boulanger has been almost unheard of in this colony, and hence his great ability has taken completely by surprise the favoured few who have enjoyed a private opportunity of witnessing it. He is by far the most finished player on the piano we have ever heard in this city. His unaffected style prepossesses his hearers in his favour, while by his mastery of the instrument he is enabled soon to rivet attention and secure involuntary admiration. He is certain to be favourably received whenever he makes his public appearance, and I think it is probable we shall be enabled to furnish him with substantial reasons for prolonging his stay in our city.


"M. BOULANGER'S CONCERT", The Age (21 January 1859), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154838769

M. Boulanger's concert at the Mechanics' Institution, last evening, attracted the usual knot of connoisseurs, and a few others, who ordinarily support the givers of miscellaneous musical entertainments. Those who were not present lost the opportunity of having one of the most classical and successful performances which it has been our lot to note in this city. M. Boulanger is a pianist who has for some years enjoyed a high repute in the adjoining colony of New South Wales; and it is now our pleasure to endorse every expression of praise which has appeared in the columns of our Sydney contemporaries. M. Boulanger's style of playing is of the German school, and forcibly reminds us of that of Liszt - indeed it will bear comparison with the performances of the most eminent professors of the instrument to which the subject of the present notice has devoted himself. The performance was strictly confined to instrumental music, and evidently intended to afford M. Boulanger the fullest opportunity of displaying his abilities personally. Not withstanding, the aid afforded by Mr. E. King on the violin, Mr. Chapman on the violincello, and Mr. Bial on the second piano, relieved the entertainment of anything like like monotony or want of interest. The first part of the concert chiefly consisted of the performance of Beethoven's Third Trio in C minor, the various movements being played at thrice, in order, we assume, to prevent the feeling of tedium apt to be experienced by mixed audiences if such works are performed in their entirety without intermission. The trio was given with wonderful brilliancy and precision, epithets which we must also employ in describing the admirable manner in which the allegro from the same composer's first trio in B flat, was given by Messers. Boulangor, King, and Chapman, the artistes engaged in each. Mr Boulanger's brilliant and tasteful execution found ample opportunity for display in Thalberg's "Marche Funebre," in Prudent's Fantasia on airs from "Lucia di Lammermoor," and in Schulhoff's "Galop di Bravura." The first part was brought to a close by an "Impromptu Polka," composed by the artiste himself, and made the vehicle for the most elaborate harmonies, and the display of his astonishing powers as an instrumentalist. The applause which this elicited, brought us, in the shape of an encore, a song without words, by Strokosch - one of the most delicious bits of musical light and shade that can be conceived. Its performance was received with rapturous applause. The entertainment was brought to a brilliant close by Thalberg's fantasia on airs from Meyerbeer's "Les Huguenots," arranged as a duett for two pianos by Mr. Boulanger, and played by him and Bial. It is almost needless to say that this composition possessed all the advantages which the composer's classical taste and high musical knowledge can confer upon it, or that its performance was irreproachably good.


"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 February 1859), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13013475

On the 14th instant, 3, College-buildings, Jamison-street, the wife of E. D. Boulanger, Esq., of a daughter.


[Advertisement], The Argus (11 April 1859), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5679318


"POLICE.ESCULAPIUS OUTWITTED", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (10 September 1859), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59871264 

The time of the court has been taken up during several days in the investigation of certain charges brought by one John Michael Fitzsimmons, vulgarly called "Doctor" Fitzsimmons, against Mrs. Margaret Howson, the wife of a theatrical performer of considerable repute [John Howson]. The soi disant "doctor" had similar charges against other ladies, friends of Mrs. Howson, but as the investigation extended nearly over a fortnight, it would be too much of a good thing, in fact, tantamount to a surfeit, to feast the public with full particulars ... John Michael Fitzsimmons is an individual in the sore and particularly yellow leaf, his skin, through long exposure to "India's parching heat" having been tanned until it resembles in color, the outer covering of a middle-aged frog. Those sceptics who disbelieve that the "doctor's" mustaches are of natural growth, are apt to jump to the conclusion that they have been borrowed from the stuffing of a sofa. The "doctor" brushes his obstinate black hair a la Brutus; he attires in a suit of sables, and thus we have sketched the hero of our story. It appears that in earlier days, the "doctor" entered as a soldier in the service of "John Company," and by his conspicuous talents he attained the rank of "hospital sergeant" in which capacity he acquired a taste for, and a knowledge of, medical jurisprudence, having diurnally to accompany the army surgeons in their rounds through the various sick wards, bearing the requisite amount of bandages, lint, diachlon, powders, pills, draughts, &c. Here a slight gap occurs in our hero's memoirs, sufficient to say that in anno domini, 1859, Dr. Fitzsimmons continued to reside in William-street, Woolloomooloo, and to "practice" chirugery, &c. Mrs. Margaret Howson is a native of the colony; her father had, during a series of two and twenty years held a situation under the government in connexion with the Legislative Council. He was superannuated, and his intellect became somewhat impaired. He was harmless, but childish, and unfit to take care of himself. Having amassed a little property, trustees were appointed to look after his affairs, and they deemed it advisable to place him under restraint. So it was agreed to confide poor old Mr. Galvin to the tender mercies of Mr John Michael Fitzsimmons, the self-styled "doctor," and his very amiable lady. Circumstances shortly transpired which rendered Mrs. Howson uneasy as to the degree of kindness and attention with which her papa was treated, and she resolved to rescue him from his sorrowful condition. Having thus succinctly prefaced our report, we now proceed to detail as much of the evidence as is fit for publication. Mrs. Margaret Howson appeared before the bench to answer the complaint of John Michael Fitzsimmons, who charged her with a breach of Vagrant Act, 5th section, by using obscene language towards him in the public streets, on the 23rd August, ultimo ... Mr. Moffatt made a very able defence for his fair client. He commenced by denying the justice of calling the lady to account twice for the one offence; his client had been locked up, and the natural presumption was that she had been dealt with according to law; otherwise, not she, but her bail were liable. They were not living in Spain - under inquisitorial laws, but in a British colony, where the Habeas Corpus Act prevails. The case was a very harsh one; while her talented husband was delighting crowded audiences, she - the defendant - went to see her aged father, and was peremptorily given into custody by this man, who styles himself a doctor. She had been given into custody, and having thus purged her offence, she was no longer amenable to the law for the self-same charge. The learned gentleman then pulled the verbiage said to be obscene to pieces, explaining that not one single epithet sworn to by the complainant, could justly be considered obscene within the correct interpretation of the Vagrant Act ... Mr Ross said that the bench had arrived at a decision ... it was the opinion of the bench that the expressions imputed to the defendant did not constitute obscene language, and the case was, therefore, dismissed. The defendant burst into tears, and quitted the court with her friends.


"THE QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY IN MELBOURNE ... THE LEVEE", The Argus (25 May 1860), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5683061

In accordance with the announcement made in the last number of the Government Gazette, His Excellency the Governor held a levee in the Exhibition Building yesterday in honour of Her Majesty's birthday ... Amongst those who attended the levee were the following ... E. D. Boulanger


[Advertisement], The Argus (30 June 1860), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5685270

LADIES' COLLEGE, Fitzroy-square, Melbourne, Principals, Mr. and Mrs. VIEUSSEUX, assisted by an efficient staff of resident and visiting teachers. Natural science .. Dr. Macadam, F.R.S.A. Pianoforte .. Mr. E. Boulanger. Vocal music .. Mrs. Wilkinson. Elocution .. Mr.T. P. Hill. Dancing .. Mr. L. Delplanque. Calisthenics .. Mr. L. J. Jonsson ...


"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Age (16 January 1861), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154888448

Edward Desiree Boulanger, of Williams Road, South Yarra, artist. Causes of insolvency: Sickness and inability to procure practise in his profession. Debts, £216; assets, £21 ; deficiency, £195 14s 8d. Official assignee, Mr. Shaw.


[Advertisement], The Age (5 February 1861), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154888925

LADIES' COLLEGE, Clarendon street, corner of Albert street, Fitzroy Gardens, Melbourne, Lectures on Natural Science are delivered every Thursday afternoon, by J. Macadam, Esq., M.D., &c. Classes for Finishing Pupils meet every Tuesday and Friday. Drawing from the round, &c., Mrs. Vienssent. French, Mrs. Vienssent. Pianoforte, Mr. Boulanger. Vocal Music, Mr. Alexander. A prospectus forwarded on application. Principals, Mr. and Mrs. Vieusseux.


"DEATHS", The Argus (16 July 1861), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5701988

On the 14th May, at Paris, Auguste Gréterin, Senator, Councillor of State, Knight "Grand Cordon" of the Order of the Legion of Honour, Knight Commander of the Royal Order of the Oak of Holland, &c., and Director General of Customs of France; first cousin of M. Boulanger, of this city.


[News], The Argus (23 September 1861), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5704332

A morning concert was given at Toorak, on Saturday, by His Excellency and Lady Barkly, which was attended by a large number of ladies and gentlemen. The Lyster company, who had been expected for the occasion, did not arrive until rather late, owing to an unusual delay in their voyage from Sydney to Melbourne, but by their singing quite compensated for any disappointment which might have been felt. Messrs Boulanger, Poussard and Douay played two beautiful trios of Beethoven's, and some very pleasing solos. The fineness of the weather enabled the company to enjoy the garden in all its spring freshness, as well as the choice musical treat provided for them.


[Advertisement], The Argus (2 December 1861), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154846852

VICTORIAN EXHIBITION will most positively close on Saturday, 7th December, 1861. VICTORIAN EXHIBITION. M. BOULANGER, The celebrated Pianist, will perform every afternoon and evening.


"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (5 December 1861), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154846922

This afternoon an instrumental concert will be given at the Exhibition, commencing at two o'clock. The full military band, under the direction of Mr. Johnson and Mr. Boulanger, will perform the following music: - March, Verdi; Overture, "Stradella," Flotow ; Selection, "Satanella," Balfe; Waltz, "First Love," Farmer; Quintette, "Sonnambula," Bellini; Quadrille, "Christmas Waits," Laurent; Solo Piano, "Don Pasquale," Boulanger; Polka, "Zerlina", Ettling; Solo, piano, "Impromptu Polka," Boulanger; Galop, "Death or Glory," Schallen.


[News], The Argus (30 December 1861), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5707494

On Saturday evening, Mr. Alexander, pianist, gave a grand concert at Hockin's Assembly Room, Elizabeth-street, under the immediate patronage of His Excellency Sir Henry Barkly and Lady Barkly, who were present, together with a numerous and fashionable company. The principal performers were Miss O. Hamilton, Herr Strebinger, Herr Siede, M. Boulanger, and Mr. Alexander. The music selected for the occasion was not generally of a very high character, but the great talent of the artistes engaged brought out fully the points of merit in the best compositions included in the programme, and the audience appeared highly gratified with the entertainment.


"M. BOULANGER THIS EVENING", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 January 1862), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13065782

At the request of many old pupils and admirers, this highly talented artist has consented to appear at a musical entertainment this evening, at the Masonic Hall, and at which his Excellency the Governor, Lady Young, and suite, have promised their patronage and attendance. The programme, as advertised, appears to have been compiled with the strictest care to gratify the somewhat varied tastes of lovers of tho most refined and scientific music. A judicious selection from Beethoven, Thalberg, Reissiger, and others, with a sprinkling of operatic gems. M. Boulanger has also been induced to give a few of his own most popular compositions. To those unacquainted with this artist we may state, that he studied under, and was considered an apt scholar of the celebrated French composer and pianist - Chopin, and that M. Boulanger's style is considered, by musical critics, to be a combination of his own great maestro, Chopin, Liszt, and Thalberg. M. Boulanger, we are informed, is only here during the Christmas vacation, and we would therefore advise all students of the popular drawing-room instrument - the pianoforte - not to lose the opportunity of this evening. The Sydney Philharmonic Society, with their usual regard for musical talent, have not only promised their attendance, but have tendered their grand pianoforte, and all other properties of the Society, for the service of M. Boulanger this evening.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1862), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28622617

THIS EVENING, February 24th. COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO M. BOULANGER ...


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1862), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13225499

BOULANGER'S IMPROMPTU POLKA will be published during the week; because of the elaborate character of the music the engraving thereof is somewhat delayed.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1862), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28623902

MRS. COUSENS' EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENT for YOUNG LADIES, Elizabeth-street, Hyde Park. - The second quarter commences April the 2nd. The following professors are engaged: - Finishing lessons in music, by M. Boulanger; Singing, Madame Sarah Flower; Drawing, Mr. Terry; Dancing, Signor Carandini; French and Italian, by a gentleman, a native of Paris.


[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1862), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13227420

EDUCATION.- Mrs. NUTT'S SCHOOL, No. 3, Lyons-terrace, will RE-OPEN on MONDAY, 28th instant. VACANCIES for PUPILS, as Boarders or Day Scholars. Masters who attend the Establishment: Pianoforte - M. Boulanger; Singing - Signor Cutolo; French - M. Dutruc; Mathematics - Mr. Kinloch; Dancing - Mr. Needs; Drill - Mr. Baynes.

MR. BOULANGER has the honour to inform his Pupils that he has REMOVED to No. 3, Lyons-terrace, and that he gives Lessons at home on WEDNESDAYS and SATURDAYS. Private families attended at their own residences on the four other days of the week. Terms. - Per quarter (24 lessons), two lessons per week, twelve guineas, (payable monthly); single lessons, one guinea. No attendance on public holidays. 3, Lyons-terrace, April 16th.


"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", Empire (22 August 1862), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60480011

FRIDAY. BOULANGER V. NUTT. Elizabeth Nutt appeared, on the information of Kate Boulanger, charged with having unlawfully assaulted and beaten the complainant on the 7th August. Kate Boulanger swore: ... [the defendant, Nutt] keeps a school in Lyon's-terrace; my husband lives in her house; I heard he was going to leave the colony, and as I did not wish to take out warrant for him, I called on him there ... case dismissed.

BOULANGER V. BOULANGER. Edward Boulanger appeared on the information of Kate Boulanger, his wife, charged with having on the 8th August, at Lyons-terrace, unlawfully assaulted and beaten her ... Defendant fined 60s and costs of court.

NUTT V. BOULANGER. Kate Boulanger appeared on information of Elizabeth Nutt, charged with having unlawfully assaulted and beaten her on the 7th August ... Mr. Boulanger has a music class in my school; he and his wife lived in my house ten or eleven days; I have no ill-feeling to Mrs. Boulanger; sent her money for her and her mother to come up from Melbourne ... Defendant fined 20s and costs of court.

NUTT V. BOULANGER. Kate Boulanger appeared on information of Elizabeth Nutt, charging her with threatening to murder her, and praying that the said Kate Boulanger may be restrained ... Case dismissed.

BOULANGER V. BOULANGER. Kate Boulanger appeared upon information by Edward Boulanger, her husband, with having unlawfully assaulted him on the 7th August ... Case dismissed.


"M. BOULANGER AND HIS FAMILY", The Star (29 August 1862), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66326762


"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 March 1863), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28622296

In Boulanger v. Boulanger, a suit for a separate maintenance, an order was made for the payment of 35s a week


"VILLAINOUS CONSPIRACY", The Mercury (29 July 1862), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8809155

The Sydney Morning Herald of the 6th instant, contains a long advertisement from Mr. Bentley the husband of a professional pianiste detailing how his wife had been prosecuted, annoyed, slandered, assaulted, and pestered with anonymous letters for some months past. The affair reads like a romance of the most diabolical character. Here is a respectable woman subjected to the vilest torture, without any apparent reason. The man or woman, the author and contriver of the plot against her reputation and peace of mind, in his letters, written in a peculiar hand, tells her he hates her and Monsieur Boulanger (a celebrated performer on the piano), because they have done him an injury which he can never forget. He writes an anonymous letter to one of the proprietors of the Empire, whose daughter is receiving musical instruction from Mrs. Bentley accusing her of being an improper character. He writes in a similar strain to members of the committee of the Philharmonic Society; and more than that, he endeavors to trap the woman into the commission of an act which would give a coloring to his atrocious accusations ... On the 25th of April as Mrs. Bentley was coming home from her professional duties, she was stopped, in midday, at Darling Point, by a man whose face was covered with crape, and brutally assaulted. The dastardly villain actually dug his nails into her breast, and seriously hurt her. Three days afterwards he writes, refering to the attack, and warns her against playing at the concert, which was to come off m the Masonic Hall, on the 29th. She went there however, to play, though seriously unwell, but ultimately refused to do so, as the vice president of the Philharmonic Society, the honourable Mr. Merewether, declined, as had been his wont, to conduct her to the platform. She rightly looked on this refusal as a sort of proof that Mr. Merewether believed her to be a degraded character. I ought, however, to state that the committee have published an advertisement, exonerating Mrs. Bentley from all blame in the course she adopted on the occasion in declining to play. Inspector Detective Harrison has been engaged to discover the wretch, guilty of these great crimes ... Mrs. Bently has offered a reward of £200 for the discovery and conviction of the offender, and placed the affair into the hands of Johnson and Johnson. Conjectures an the motives of the caitiff who could plan and carry out this conspiracy, is in vain; and we can only hope and wait for his detection. Professional jealousy could never be so intense as to excite to such wickedness. A Protest of Indignation will be shortly sub- mitted for the signature of every member of the musical profession resident in or near Sydney.

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT. FRIDAY, 5TH SEPTEMBER", Sydney Mail (13 September 1862), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166690207

Edward Boulanger appeared on summons to answer the complaint of Kate Boulanger, his wife, in which she charged him with having unlawfully deserted her and neglecting and refusing to maintain her and her child. Mrs. Boulanger deposed that the defendant is her husband, and that they resided together, here and in Victoria, man and wife, for a period of about six years; about four months since he he behaved unkindly, and turned her out of his house, with the sum on 10s. to pay for the removal of some boxes he allowed her to take away; about a month after this his attorney wrote to her attorney promising to allow her 40s. weekly for the support of herself and child, which he paid until about three weeks since; she wished to teach, but at his request upon the ground that it would injure him, she abstained from seeking employment; she is now completely without the means of support, with a child three years of age; he is in a position to earn from £600 to £800 a year as a professor of music; for each time that he plays a solo in a concert be receives ten guineas; from information which had come to her she believed that he contemplated having left the colony by the Centurion for London. In reply, defendant, on his own behalf, deposed that while teaching at Mrs. Nutt's seminary, his weekly earnings amounted to £6 16, but since then they have only amounted to £3 10s; he is a composer and professor of music, and is given to understand that he ranks high in his profession; he was not on board the Centurion, and he intended remaining in Sydney; he refused to say where he at present resides. Their worships made an order for the payment of £2 weekly, with 6s. 6d. court costs, and £3 3s, professional costs; in default of payment of costs to be imprisoned seven days. Mr. Roberts applied that their worships would require defendant to give security for his obedience to the order, on the ground that Mrs. Boulanger's suspicion that he contemplates leaving the colony is in some measure confirmed by his refusal to to give his address. Their worships required defendant to give two sureties in [illegible], for the payment of the money, or, failing herein, to be imprisoned until he shall have complied with this requirement - the whole period of imprisonment, however, not to exceed twelve months.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 September 1862), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13234387

MADAME BOULANGER begs respectfully to inform the ladies of Sydney and its suburbs, she has commenced giving lessons on the pianoforte. Terms, three guineas per quarter (half in advance). 386, Castlereagh-street, three doors from Liverpool-street.


"SUMMONS COURT", Empire (30 October 1862), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60518295

Before Messrs. Caldwell and Murphy. Two cases of assault, and one threatening language, between Elizabeth Nutt against Kate Boulanger, were postponed till Wednesday next.


"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Freeman's Journal (29 November 1862), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115427267

The second concert of the season took place at the Masonic Hall on Tuesday evening, and was very fully and fashionably attended, his Excellency Sir John Young honouring the performance with hit presence ... the gems of the evening were, Mr. Boulanger's solo and his duet with Master [Alfred] Anderson, both of which were enthusiastically encored. Sydney is fortunate in the possession of an artiste of such first rate ability as M. Boulanger, and we trust he may not carry into execution his intention of leaving it. Out corps of musical professors is not large, and among them we can but ill afford to spare one of such eminent talent as Mr. Boulanger ...


"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1863), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13073809

The concert of Tuesday next by M. Boulanger and Signor Robbio is an event in the musical annals of this city deserving an unusual notice. We believe it is the first time that two instrumentalists of such high order in their profession have combined to give us an idea of classic music - the enjoyment of which has been confined to a European home and society. Here, since the day of Wallace, we have had more opportunity of appreciating vocal than instrumental music - Catherine Hayes, Madame Bishop, Lucy Escott, and Squires have given our rising generation an excellent idea of both the English and Italian operatic performances and certainly increased their knowledge of the lyric drama, but classic instrumental music has been almost ignored for want of proper interpreters. M Boulanger is well known here for the last nine years as an artist, and one of our first teachers of the pianoforte, and Signor Robbio, the ta1ented violinist, who are both about leaving Sydney, have joined together in giving a final concert on Tuesday next, at the Masonic Hall. The programme to be purely classical - Beethoven's Trio, his "Sonata to Kreutzer," and "Adelaida," Mozart's "To ti Lascio," Thalberg's Andante, Chopin's Valse in A flat, and Ernst's Elegy, are works not commonly brought before any public, and when executed by such artists as those in the programme, there surely can be no doubt of a success ... Our embryo artists in music should also not lose the opportunity of taking a last lesson, it may be for some time to come.


"INSOLVENCIES", Freeman's Journal (11 March 1863), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115429826

MONDAY. SURRENDERS. Edward Desiree Boulanger, of Surry Hills, Sydney, professor of the pianoforte. Liabilities, £128 9s. 6d. Assets, £22 16s Deficit, £105 13s. 6d, Mr. Sempill, official assignee.


"INSOLVENCIES DURING THIS MONTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1863), 9

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13075996

Edward Desiree Boulanger, of Surry Hills, Sydney, professor of the pianoforte. Estimated liabilities £122 9 6 Estimated assets 22 16 0.


"GOSSIP", Freeman's Journal (11 April 1863), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115426761

Admiral Popoff, as you know, has popped off to New Caledonia, in his corvette the Bogatyr. But not he alone has popped off. M. Boulanger and Signor Robbio have popped off also in the Bogatyr and report does say that the quondam mother of boarding school maids, Mrs. Nutt, the dear friend of M. Boulanger, has availed herself of the same opportunity.


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 September 1863), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article30936659

On the 18th instant, at Shanghai, Monsieur E. Boulanger. - China Trade Report, 28th July, 1863.


"DEATH", Empire (21 October 1863), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60550217

BOULANGER, At Shanghai, July 18th, Monsieur Ed. D. Boulanger, the celebrated composer and pianist, aged thirty three, son of M. Antonio Boulanger, of Paris, private secretary to the late Prince Talleyrand, and first cousin of the Duc de Montobello, leaving a wife and child to deplore their loss.


"THE LATE M. BOULANGER", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1863), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13092757

The following is an extract from a letter received in Sydney, from a gentleman lately residing here, who was at Shanghai at the time of Mr. Boulanger's death. The writer says: It is my painful duty to have to send you the sorrowful intelligence of the death of poor Boulanger, which took place on Saturday the 18th of July, after a sad and lingering illness, during the greater part of which I was almost entirely with him, being alas, the only friend he had in Shanghai, which to him, was indeed a land of strangers. M Boulanger on his arrival here, came to the same hotel in which I was staying. His illness first commenced with a cold, caught at one of his concerts, which was followed by a severe remittent fever ... The dread that he had of being overtaken by the cholera ... seems to have reduced him to such a state, that at last his senses left him, and he was out of his mind for some time previous to his death ... He frequently spoke of his friends and Sydney, and often wished he bad never left your city


"Nécrologie", Le Guide Musicale ... Belge (3 December 1863), 4

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=o-A8AAAAMAAJ&pg=PT431

A Shanghai, M. Boulanger, pianiste de talent et élève de Chopin.


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 September 1863), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13097209


"POSTPONEMENT OF CONCERT", Empire (9 October 1863), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60549592

In consequence of the inclemency of the weather, and the illness of some of the artists, the concert announced for this evening, for the benefit of Madame Boulanger, is postponed till Friday, the 17th [sic] instant.


"MADAME BOULANGER", Bell's Life in Sydney (10 October 1863), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59793861

The Grand Concert which had been announced to take place at the School of Arts yesterday (Friday) evening, for the benefit of the widow and child of the late M. Boulanger, in consequence of the inclemency of the weather, has been postponed until Friday evening next. The Concert will be under the patronage of the Attorney General, and Members of the Bar, the Foreign Consuls, &c. and Messrs, Poussard and Douay, Mdlle. Rosalie Durand, Madame Sara Flower, Miss Florence Beverley, Mr. F. Lyster, Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Edward Beaumont, and other eminent artistes having moat generously volunteered theirs assistance, the Concert will doubtless attract the elite of the city, and fully realize the object in view - substantial aid to the widow and the orphan of a late distinguished brother professional,\.


"MADAME BOULANGER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 October 1863), 13

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13093131


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1863), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13088706

MONS. DE LOLL is requested to call immediately upon Madame BOULANGER, at her residence, 106, Elizabeth-street, to settle the accounts of his late agency for her concert.


"ENTERTAINMENT AT ST. PHILIP'S SCHOOLROOM", Empire (11 November 1863), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60551341

... The second part commenced with a fantasia by Mr. Cobley (his own composition) on the piano, which created a perfect furore of applause, the performance being a masterly one. He was encored, for which he substituted Boulanger's "European March."


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 August 1864), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13109580

REMOVAL - MADAME BOULANGER begs to intimate to her Pupils, that she has REMOVED from Elizabeth-terrace, Upper William-street, to 183, Premier-terrace, William-street.


"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1865), 13

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13103600

The third concert of the season of the Sydney Philharmonic Society took place on the 9th instant ... Mr. F. Ellard then played a fantasia on the pianoforte, "Caprice de Concert," by Boulanger, in his usual excellent style ... On Monday, the 13th instant, Mr. John Hill, lately from London, pianist and organist of considerable abilities, gave his first concert at the Australian Library ... Mr. Hill afterwards performed Boulanger's celebrated "Impromptu Polka".


"WATER POLICE COURT", Empire (3 May 1865), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64137685

John Thompson, alias Gaines Lacey, cabman, was charged with making use of obscene language in Victoria-street. Kate Boulanger, a teacher of music, stated that while she was in Victoria-street, last evening, prisoner used obscene language towards her. She had occasionally employed him. Fined £3, or to be imprisoned, for one month.


"WATER POLICE COURT", Empire (3 June 1865), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64139120

Madame Kate Boulanger was summoned on seven different informations, for refusing to pay seven different claims for cab hire to one John Ward, amounting to £6 13s. 6d. She was ordered to pay the amount, with £1 15s. costs, or go to gaol for periods amounting to twenty days, in default of levy and distress.


[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 August 1865), 12

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13118125

MADAME BOULANGER begs to intimate to her Pupils that through the death of her friend, Madame Sara Flower, she will not RESUME her tuitions until THURSDAY, 1st of September ... REMOVAL. Madame BOULANGER has Removed from 137, Victoria-street, Woolloomooloo, to 2, Grimes'-buildings, Argyle-place.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 October 1865), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13120854

[William Stanley] BURWOOD.- Mr. STANLEY'S CONCERT is to take place at the Schoolroom on TUESDAY EVENING, October 31st ... Mr. STANLEY will also play Beethoven's "Sonata Pathétique," and Boulanger's "Nocturne de Concert."


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (22 November 1865), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5784329

HOBSON'S BAY ... ARRIVED. Nov. 21. Alexandra, A.S.N. Co.'s s.s., 723 tons, J. W. Brown, from Sydney 18th last. Passengers-saloon: Madame Boulanger ...


[Advertisement], The Argus (14 December 1865), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5774611

A CARD. - Madame BOULANGER begs to intimate to the ladies of Melbourne and suburbs, that she intends giving LESSONS on the PIANOFORTE, and respectfully solicits their patronage and support. Address 2 Regent-terrace, Moor-street, Fitzroy.


"DEATHS", The Argus (18 April 1866), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5781991

On the 13th inst., at the residence of Cecil A. Becke, Esq., surgeon, Sydney, Mary Jane, relict of the late J. M. Fitzsimmons, surgeon, late of the 4th Bengal Native Infantry, in her 53rd year, and mother of Madame Boulanger, of this city.


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 January 1866), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5785824

MADAME BOULANGER, TEACHER of the PIANOFORTE. For terms and address, apply Mr. R. J. Paling's music warehouse, 35 Collins-street east.


"POLICE. CITY COURT", The Argus (2 April 1867), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5763298

The Court was occupied for some time with the hearing of a charge of assault brought by a person calling herself Madame Boulanger, against Annie Wills, of Wills's Hotel, and a counter charge of using obscene language. Madame Boulanger had also taken out a summons for the illegal retention of some baby linen. The circumstances, as detailed by a number of witnesses, were very discreditable to some of the parties concerned. The Bench dismissed all three cases.


[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (15 April 1867), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72813433

WHITE'S ASSEMBLY ROOMS. MR. FREDERIC ELLARD'S SOIREE MUSICALS. MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 15, 1867 ... PROGRAMME ... Grand Caprice pour le Piano - "Sur Norma" - Composed by his friend, the late Edouard Boulanger, pupil of Frederic Chopin - Mr. Frederic Ellard (Bellini) ...


"MELBOURNE CRIMINAL SESSIONS", The Age (17 May 1867), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155035233

ILLEGALLY PAWNING. - Eliza Sale was informed against for having illegally pawned goods belonging to Mrs. Boulanger. The charge, however, was not sustained, and the accused was acquitted.


"CONCERT IN ST. BARNABAS'S SCHOOLROOM", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1867), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13163517

... "The Last Rose of Summer", with variations by Boulanger, was very finely executed on tho pianoforte by Mr. W. Stanley, who conducted the concert ...


"CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1868), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13157284

... Between the parts the audience were favoured with a solo on the pianoforte by a lady amateur, in a style seldom presented in this colony. The piece chosen was Boulanger's clever arrangement of motifs from Norma, and certainly, if we except that great pianist himself, we have heard no better interpreter of his ideas ...


[News], The Brisbane Courier (21 April 1868), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1321642

The Brisbane Philharmonic Society gave another of their popular concerts at the School of Arts yesterday evening ... Madame Mallalieu in her usual clear and brilliant style, pleyed a solo ("Erin") on the pianoforte, and, on being encored, gave Boulanger's "Impromptu Polka."


"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Sydney Mail (27 June 1868), 12

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166804530

... The chief attraction in the concert was the appearanoe of Mrs. W. H. Palmer, who, as Miss Aldis, will be remembered as a distinguished amateur pianiste, having been a pupil of Boulanger, and played in public once or twice with Miska Hauser. She is now leaving the rank of amateurs to engage in tuition, and this, do doubt, operated as a stimulant to those efforts which resulted in her brilliant instrumentation this evening. She had the advantage of a magnificent full concert grand piano just imported by Mr. Paling, and the pieces set down for her were fairly calculated to afford scope for her ability. The first was Beethoven's "Sonate Pathetique." The varied and exquisite expressiveness of which she seemed fully to appreciate, and she exhibited that freedom, yet delicacy, of fingering necessary for its realisation. In the second part she gave Boulanger's pianoforte solo "Norma," with such brilliant effect as to lead to a recall ...


"DEATH", Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser (23 February 1869), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61889934

BOULANGER - On the 2nd of October, 1868, at Paris, Catterine la comtesse de Boulanger, nee Rouseaux, mother of the late Monsieur E. D. Boulanger, aged sixty seven.


"MRS. W. H. PALMER'S CONCERT", Sydney Mail (8 May 1869), 9

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article166815536

... The solos played by Mrs. Palmer were the "Fantasie do Belisario (Gorio), a fantasia on "Rule Britannia," and "God save the Queen" (both by Thalberg), and being enthusiastically encored in the first, she substituted Boulanger's "Don Faequale." Each of those pieces was performed with the sparkling effect and refined expression which characterises her pianoforte playing, and all the mnsic assigned to her was well calculated to exhibit her accomplishments as an executant.


"BETHESDA SINGING CLASS", The Mercury (2 June 1869), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8859338

The concert of the above Class attracted a crowded audience to the Mechanics' Institute last evening, the fact of the performances being under the conductorship of Mr. Albert Alexander, R.A.M., having led many persons to anticipate a more than ordinarily agreeable entertainment ... The other prominent features of this division of the programme, were an "Impromptu Polka" (Boulanger), on the piano, which afforded Mr. Alexander an excellent opportunity of displaying his delicacy of touch upon the keys of that instrument ...


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1871), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13248754

NOTICE is hereby given, that an APPLICATION will be made to the Parliament of New South Wales in its present session, for leave to bring in a BILL to declare the alleged Marriage between ALFRED JAMES BARNETT, of Sydney, in the colony of New South Wales, gentleman, and KATHERINA JANE BOULANGER, otherwise KATHERINA JANE FOOT or KATE FOOT, formerly of Grafton, in the colony aforesaid, now of Sydney aforesaid, and which said marriage is alleged to have been contracted on the twenty-fifth day of November last, to be null and void. Dated this fifth day of December, A.D 1871. THOMAS KENDALL BOWDEN, Solicitor for the Bill, 124, Elizabeth-street, Sydney.


"DEATH OF A SYDNEY NOTOREITY", Evening News (29 June 1872), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article114735409

Mrs. Boulanger, whose remarkable career in the City of Sydney and on the Clarence, had become a matter of notoriety, and whose recent application to the Supreme Court to take her alleged husband out of the custody of his relatives will be well remembered, died last night, at a house in Hill-street, and it is rumoured that death was caused from the want of the common necessaries of life. It is somewhat remarkable that in the House of Assembly last evening so much of the standing orders of the Assembly were suspended, as to allow the presentation of a petition, and the bringing in of a bill to declare the marriage between Mrs. Boulanger and Mr. Burnett null and void. A matter which would have inevitably led to a lengthened and protracted discussion in the Assembly, may therefore be expunged from the business paper.


"CORONER'S COURT THIS DAY", Evening News (1 July 1872), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article114729892

A third inquest was held at half -past 10 o'clock, at Foster's Family Hotel, Macquarie-street, on the body of Catherina Jane Barnett, who died on the 29th ultimo, in a house in Hill-street. Bertha Boulanger deposed: I am thirteen years and seven months old. The dead body now lying at no. 13, Hill-street, is that of my mother, Catherina Jane Barnett, 34 years of age, and a native of Calcutta, India. She was a married woman when she died, having been married in Sydney about eight or ten months ago, to Mr. Barnett. She was a widow when she married him. They lived together about a week, and ever since have been apart. He did not contribute anything towards her support. Dr. Lang, Dr. Milford, and Captain Scott assisted her. She was in the infirmary for about three months for medical treatment, leaving the institution about two months ago; and then she stopped for two or three weeks at Mrs. Lloyd's, in Castlereagh-street, leaving there to come to Mrs. Loder's in Hill-street, where she has since resided and has been under medical treatment, Dr. Milford attending her ever since she left the infirmary. I am a daughter of the deceased by her first marriage. Attended upon her during her illness, and was her only nurse. She did not get the nourishment the doctor ordered for her, because she had not the means to procure it. Sometimes she even did not get the medicine that was ordered for her. Ever since she came to Mrs. Loder's she has been almost continually confined to her bed, only getting out from it whilst here three times, and never going farther than the verandah. Previous to my mother's sickness she occasionally drank to excess, but since her illness she has not done so, not even taking the quantity of liquor ordered for her benefit ... The jury returned a verdict that deceased died from consumption, accelerated by the want of the necessaries of life and proper nourishment.


"CORONER'S INQUESTS. DEATH FROM CONSUMPTION", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 July 1872), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28413715


"EPITOME OF NEWS", The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (6 July 1872), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article188987711

Mrs. Boulanger, a lady who was connected with a late trial in the Supreme Court, and more recently with a motion in the Legislative Assembly, died suddenly on Saturday ... It appears that the woman married Burnett, formerly Boulanger, died from consumption, accelerated by want of the dietary necessaries of life and proper nursing. She was 34 years of age, a native of Calcutta. Her daughter of 13 years, by her first husband, nursed her of late, but she received nothing from Burnett ...

"DEATH OF A SYDNEY NOTORIETY", Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser (9 July 1872), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61879334


"Local and General News", Alexandra Times (9 November 1872), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59797275

The Church Bazaar will take place according to arrangement on Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday next ... among the instrumental pieces, "The Cracovienne," with brilliant varitions for the piano, by Vincent Wallace; a Fantasie brilliante for the piano, from Don Pasquale, by Boulanger; Concert Polka, by Vincent Wallace ... The finest piano ever heard in Alexandra - an American grand square - has been lent for the occasion.


"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. W. S. LYSTER", The Age (28 June 1878), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5937910

Mr. Ernest Barker, who had the lion's share of the pianoforte work, played a "Caprice nocturne," by Boulanger, with great delicacy and skill.


"THE MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1879), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13450601

Miss Maude Fitz-Stubbs gave her first recital on the grand piano exhibited by Lipp and Sohn in the German Court; her selection included ... a Nocturne, by Boulanger, an artist whose fame is ever green in the memory of old colonists, and the "Australian March" by the performer's teacher, Signor Giorza.


Bibliography

Brewer 1892, 62

... M. Boulanger, certainly the best pianist that up to the year 1856 had visited Australia, performed at a concert given by the Sydney Philharmonic Society; his musical education had been of the classic school, and his interpretation of that music was marked by considerable ability, some of his compositions for the piano show much talent, both in melody and harmony and have occasionally been performed by Mrs. Palmer (née Aldis), who studied for a time under Boulanger. After rolling about the colonies for some years he proceeded to China, from where news of his death was received.

Brisbane 1991, 52, 56

Lawrence 1995 (Strong on music 2), 212, 307

Neidorf 1999


Resources:

http://www.printsandprintmaking.gov.au/catalogues/artist/8551/edouard-desiree-boulanger.aspx



Musical works (published)

Grande etude, op. 6 (Paris: Schott, ? c.1850)

NO COPY IDENTIFIED

1er valse de concert, op. 7 (Paris: Schott, ? c.1850)

NO COPY IDENTIFIED

Börsenblatt für den deutschen Buchhandel Leipzig (14 October 1851), 1225

77. Boulanger, E., Op. 6. Grande Etude p. Pfte ... 78. [ditto] Op. 7. 1re valse de concert 0. Pfte ...

"Kritische Anzeiger", Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (31 October 1851), 190

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=OgtDAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA190

Ed. Boulanger, Op. 6. Etude pour le Piano. Op. 7. Valse de Concert pour le Piano. Mainz, Schott.



1er nocturne, op. 8 (1850)

1er nocturne pour le piano, op. 8 (Paris: Chabal, [1850])

Copy at the Bibliothèque nationale de France

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb42870587v 



Valse-mazurka de salon, op. 9 (1850)

Valse-mazurka de salon, composée pour piano par Ed. Boulanger, op. 9, à son ami L. M. Gottschalk

(Paris: Publiée ... par Chabal, Boulevt. Montmartre, 15, n.d. [1850])

Copies at the Bibliothèque nationale de France

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb42870590r 

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb39758324m (deposit copy 1850)

http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b90796730 (DIGITISED)



2er nocturne, op. 10 (1850)

2e nocturne pour piano, op. 10 (Paris: Chabal, [1850])

Copy at the Bibliothèque nationale de France

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb428705886 



Lubinka, valse de salon, op. 11 (1850)

Lubinka, valse de salon pour piano par Ed. Boulanger, op. 11, à Madame Alexandra de Kossikowsky

(Paris: Publiée ... par Chabal, Boulevt. Montmartre, 15, n.d. [1850])

Copies at the Bibliothèque nationale de France

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb42870586h 

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb39758327n (deposit copy 1850)

http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b9079675t (DIGITISED)



2 polkas-mazurkas, op. 12 (1850)

2 polkas-mazurkas pour piano par Ed. Boulanger, op. 12, à Madlle. pauline Voelker

(Paris: Publiée ... par Chabal, Boulevt. Montmartre, 15, n.d. [1850])

Copies at the Bibliothèque nationale de France

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb42870589j 

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb397583567 (deposit copy 1850)

http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b9079631n (DIGITISED)




Parade polka (USA 1853)

Parade polka, dedicated to Gen[era]l. Wm. Hall, composed by E. Boulanger

(New York: William Hall and Son, n.d. [1853])

Titlepage (1), 4 pages music (3-6); advertised May 1853

Copy at Johns Hopkins University, Levy Sheet Music Collection (page 1 pictured above)

http://levysheetmusic.mse.jhu.edu/catalog/levy:167.033 (DIGITISED)



Boulanger's musical keepsake for 1856

Boulanger's musical keepsake for 1856

[(Sydney: F. Mader, 1856])

According to press listing, conisted of six numbers, each without separate title page, as below; nos 2-5 signed by, and all 6 engraved by Abraham Western Chapman (1827-1892)

Complete copies of nos. 2-6, and a single page (11) from no. 1 survive, without original titlepage, at University of Sydney, Library, Rare Books, RB CON 860 9080; a bound album originally belonging to Boulanger's Sydney pupil, Teresa Curtis (1843-1910; Meillon-Boesen) [Curtis 9080]; as of March 2017, this album and it contents do not yet appear in the library's electronic catalogue

https://library.sydney.edu.au/collections/rare-books


Boulanger keepsake no 1 page 11

Serenade from Don Pasquale (1856)

[1] ["Serenade to [? from] Don Pasquale" (Dedicated to Lady Dennison)"]

NO COMPLETE COPY IDENTIFIED; final page of lost copy, 11, still loose in Curtis 9080; pictured above



Boulanger keepsake no 2 page 1

Nocturne de concert (1856)

[2] Nocturne de concert, composed for the pianoforte, respectfully dedicated to Lady Stephen by E. D. Boulanger

[No separate publication details]

5 pages of music (1-5), at foot of 5: "Engd. by A. W. Chapman"

Complete copy in Curtis 9080, page 1 pictured above

Another copy, at the National Library of Australia, as later sold (c.1857) under a new cover by J. R. Clarke

http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-181845560 (DIGITISED)



Boulanger keepsake no 3 page 1

Caprice sur Norma (1856)

[3] Caprice sur Norma, arranged for the pianoforte, respectfully dedicated to Mrs. John H. Plunkett, by E. D. Boulanger

[No separate publication details]

13 pages of music (1-13), at foot of 13: "Engd. by A. W. Chapman"

Complete copy in Curtis 9080, page 1 pictured above; also later advertised for sale (c.1857) under a new cover by J. R. Clarke

Download pdf copy here:

http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/medialocal/boulanger-caprice-sur-norma-1856.pdf 



Boulanger keepsake no 4 page 1

Concert waltz (1856)

[4] Concert waltz composed for the piano-forte, respectfully dedicated to Mrs. W. M. Manning, by E. D. Boulanger

[No separate publication details]

12 pages of music (1-12), at foot of 12: "Engd. by A. W. Chapman"

Complete copy in Curtis 9080, page 1 pictured above; also later advertised for sale (c.1857) under a new cover by J. R. Clarke

Download pdf copy here:

http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/medialocal/boulanger-concert-waltz-1856.pdf 



Boulanger keepsake no 5 page 1

Caprice nocturne (1856)

[5] Caprice nocturne, composed for the pianoforte, respectfully dedicated to Miss Eliza Icely

[No separate publication details]

7 pages of music (1-7), at foot of 7: "Engd. by A. W. Chapman"

Complete copy in Curtis 9080, page 1 pictured above; also later advertised for sale (c.1857) under a new cover by J. R. Clarke

Download pdf copy here:

http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/medialocal/boulanger-caprice-nocturne-1856.pdf 



Boulanger keepsake no 6 page 1

Souvenir d'Amerique (? 1853; 1856)

[6] Souvenir d'Amerique, polka pour piano, composed on American & original airs, respectfully dedicated to Mademoiselle Marie Sentis by E. D. Boulanger

[No separate publication details]

5 pages of music (1-5)

Complete copy in Curtis 9080, page 1 pictured above

Download pdf copy here:

http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/medialocal/boulanger-souvenir-damerique-1856.pdf 


*


Caprice with brilliant variations The last rose of summer (1857)

The last rose of summer with brilliant variations; arranged for the pianoforte by Edward Boulanger

([page 1]: "The last rose of summer, caprice for the piano, composed and dedicated to his friend M. Hauser, by E. D. Boulanger")

(Sydney: Clarke, music seller, n.d. [1857])

Titlepage (0), 8 pages music (1-8); publication first advertised 16 December 1856 as part of Clarke's Australian album 1857, later also sold separately

Copy at National Library of Australia

http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-164687141 (DIGITISED)



The cricket match schottische (1857)

The cricket match schottische, by Boulanger, dedicated to the eleven's [sic] of Victoria & New South Wales (played by Winterbottom's unrivaled band)

(Sydney: J. R. Clarke, n.d. [1857])

Titlepage (0), 5 pages music (1-5); first advertised 12 January 1857

Copy at National Library of Australia

http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-164722524 (DIGITISED)



The Oneida polka (1857)

The Oneida polka, by Boulanger, dedicated to the G. & A.R.M. Company & to the commander & officers of the S.S. Oneida (played by Winterbottom's unrivalled band)

(Sydney: J. R. Clarke, music publisher, George St., n.d. [1857])

Titlepage (0), 5 pages music (1-5); first advertised 12 January 1857

http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-181844884 (DIGITISED)



Boulanger simla galop 1857 page 1

The Simla galop (1857)

The Simla galop by Boulanger, dedicated to the commander and officers of the S. S. Simla

(Sydney: Published by J. R. Clarke, George Street, n.d. [1857])

Titlepage (0), and 6 pages music (1-6); first advertised 12 January 1857

Copy at University of Sydney, Library, Rare Books, RB CON 860 9282; a bound album originally belonging to Boulanger's Sydney pupil, Teresa Curtis (1843-1910; Meillon-Boesen) [Curtis 9282], page 1 pictured above

Download pdf copy here:

http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/medialocal/boulanger-simla-galop-1857.pdf 



The European march (1857)

The European march, by Boulanger, dedicated to Captain Parfitt and the officers of the A.R.M.S.S. European

(Sydney: J. R. Clarke, n.d. [1857])

Titlepage (0), 5 pages music (1-5); first advertised 6 March 1857, originally sold separately; later reissued bound in Clarke's The Australian musical album for 1863

Copy at National Library of Australia (dedication ? trimmed off top of titlepage)

http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-164697890 (DIGITISED)

*

Clarke's list of Boulanger's works for sale, c. March 1857

Above: J. R. Clarke's cover for his reissue of the Nocturne de concert, with list of other Boulanger titles for sale; on the basis of inclusions and exclusions from the list, this cover was probably printed in March 1857 (original National Library of Australia)

http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-181845560 (DIGITISED)



The Columbian mazurka (1857)

The "Columbian" mazurka, by Boulanger, dedicated to the captain & officers of the E. & A.R.M. Comp. SS "Columbian"

(Sydney: Published by J. R. Clarke, George St., n.d. [1857]; Allan & Wigley, litho. printers)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/16180568

Titlepage (0), 5 pages music (1-5); first advertised 4 April 1857, originally sold separately; later reissued bound in Clarke's The Australian musical album for 1863

Copy at National Library of Australia

http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-164696907 (DIGITISED)



Impromptu polka (1862)

Impromptu polka composee pour le piano et dediee a Madame Amalia Rawack née Mauthner par E. D. Boulanger

(Sydney: J. R. Clarke, music publisher, 356, George Street, n.d. [1862])

Titlepage (1), 11 pages of music (2-12); publication first advertised 12 February 1862

Copy at National Library of Australia

http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-166329649 (DIGITISED)



Lurline caprice de salon (1862)

Caprice de salon, "Lurline", composed and dedicated to his friend William Vincent Wallace by E. Boulanger

(Sydney: J. R. Clarke, music publisher, 356, George Street, n.d. [1862]; J. Degotardi, Sydney)

Titlepage (1), 7 pages of music (1-7); publication first advertised 20 February 1862, originally sold separately; later reissued bound in Clarke's The Australian musical album for 1863

Copy at National Library of Australia

http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-164699541 (DIGITISED)



Doubtful:


Sunbeams, air adapted from the German by E. B., published expressly for the benefit of the School of Industry (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [? 1861])

http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-175161883 (DIGITISED)


Schottisch des Sabots de la marquise, piano, d'E. Boulanger [d'aprè s] Fr. Löwenstein ([Paris]: [A. Grus], [1854])

Probably by Ernest Boulanger

Copy at the Bibliothèque nationale de France

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb39758360g ? (DIGITISED)

http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b90796322 (DIGITISED)


Redowa des [sic] "Les sabots de la marquise", piano, d'E. Boulanger ([Paris]: [A. Grus], [1854])

Probably by Ernest Boulanger

Copy at the Bibliothèque nationale de France

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb397583656 

http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b9079634w (DIGITISED)



Disambiguation:


Boulanger is not to be confused with the better known opera composer and conductor Ernest Boulanger (1815-1900), who was a son of the famous opera singer madame Boulanger (Marie-Julie Hallinger), and father of Nadia Boulanger and Lydia Boulanger.







© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2017