THIS PAGE FIRST POSTED 26 JUNE 2016
LAST MODIFIED Sunday 22 January 2017 16:16
John Philip Deane and family
Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)
THIS PAGE IS CURRENTLY UNDER CONSTRUCTION
To cite this:
Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney),
"John Philip Deane and family",
Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):
http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/deane-john-philip-and-family.php; accessed 29 April 2017
John Philip Deane (1796-1849); image from Orchard 1952, plate after page 30
DEANE, John Philip
Professor of music, violinist, composer, music retailer
Born Richmond, Surrey, England, 1 January 1796
Arrived Hobart, 19 June 1822 (per Deveron from England)
Died Camperdown, NSW, 18 December 1849, "in the 54th year of his age"
http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1462559 (NLA persistent identifier)
http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=John+Philip+Deane (TROVE public tag)
This is the barest STUB on one of the most important early colonial musicians in VDL (TAS) and NSW. He and his wife and two eldest children arrived in Hobart in 1822. Deane was insolvent by the start of 1836, and with a now larger family, left Hobart for Sydney in April. Early in 1844, the Deanes returned to Hobart, apparently intending to remain there permanently, but were back in New South Wales early in 1845 when Deane purchased a large house, Broughton Hall (later the Rozelle Psychiatric Hospital). Deane's last concert took place in Sydney on 7 December 1849, on which occasion The Sydney Herald encouraged attendance, since "Mr. Deane, the oldest musician in the southern hemisphere, and a colonist of twenty-eight years standing, from his perseverance, deserves encouragement". He died 10 days later on 18 December 1849. John Lhotsky wrote of him in The Reformer in 1836 (reprinted UK 1837): [Mr Deane is] "a very diligent and attentive leader, a good performer, and well versed in the theoretical part of music. How beautifully did he lead the quintette of Haydn; such a thorough-wrought piece of music must affect every mind. It creates a very homely feeling to see Mr. Deane busying himself about his numerous family, for the sake of procuring us recreation, elation, and refinement of mind."
DEANE, Rosalie (Miss SMITH; Mrs. J. P. DEANE)
Music seller, wife and mother of a family of musicians
Born Richmond, Surrey, England, 24 January 1799
Married John Philip Deane
Arrived Hobart, 19 June 1822 (per Deveron from England)
Died Sydney, 2 June 1873, aged 73 years
Rosale Smith was daughter of Edward Smith (1755-1836) and Sarah Paine (1760-1810). She married John Philip Deane in England and arrived in Hobart with him and their two eldest children, John and Rosalie, on 19 June 1822. After she took over from her husband around 1828 as proprietor of Deane's Circulating Library (also the Hobart Town Circulating Library) she was Hobart's leading general bookseller in the late 1820s and early 1830s, and also a music seller, offering for sale in 1828, for instance, "music paper, violin strings and bridges" and "last published, the first set-of Tasmanian Quadrilles, by J. P. Deane", and in 1832 "MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS ... Comprising Concert Thirds, Sixths, Sevenths, and Octave Flutes; C and B Six-key Clarionets; French and English Flageolets; Key Bugles and Hunting Horns; Pandean-Pipes; Violins, 30s. each; Violin Bows, Bridges, and Strings; Violincello and Guitar Strings; 2 square Piano Fortes; 1 Cabinet, and 1 Cottage do.; Piano Forte Music; new Songs and Pieces; Music Paper." There is no certain record that she was herself a musical performer. After the couple moved to Sydney (with 8 children), she is only occasionally documented, as when, in "fancy dress" she accompanied her husband (dressed as a "Doctor of Music") to the Mayor's Fancy Ball in 1847.
John Deane (1820-1893); image from Orchard 1952, plate after page 30
DEANE, John (junior)
Violinist, professor of music
Born Richmond, Surrey,
England, 14 January 1820
Arrived Hobart, 19 June 1822 (per Deveron from England)
Died North Sydney, NSW, 13 March 1893
http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=John+Deane+1820-1893 (TROVE public tag)
The Hobart press recorded Master John Deane's public debut at his father's concert in 1830: "The concert comnmenced with a grand symphony my Stamity [Stamitz]. Mr. Deane presided very ably at the violin, Messrs. Brown and Williams (master of the Band of the 63rd), Mr. Bock and Master Deane (a young gentlemnan only ten years old) tenors, Mr. Hoffer, a violoncello, and two horns by excellent performers of the 63rd Band." He was probably also the Master Deane (though if not him, his brother Edward) who played Saltpetre in Red Riding Hood at the Argyle Rooms in 1834. In Sydney, he is regularly listed as a performer in concerts in the early 1840s. Francis Ellard published his "maiden composition", the ballad What is Love? in 1842 (no copy identified), and an 1845 concert program lists his orchestrations ("orchestral accompaniments") for Neukomm's King Death and Callcott's The Last Man. In 1855 he was in San Francisco, where he married Annie M. Perrier. He was back in Sydney in 1857 teaching, and as honorary secretary of the Sydney Philharmonic Society. The Free Trade Polka ("dedicated to the Hon. Charles Cowper, M.L.A.") and published by J. H. Anderson in December 1864 may also be his.
DEANE, Rosalie (Miss DEANE)
Born Richmond, Surrey, England, 4 June 1821
Arrived Hobart, 19 June 1822 (per Deveron from England)
Died Manly, NSW, 4 April 1888
During the 1830s and 1840s, Rosalie Deane had a promising career as a concert pianist, with Joshua Frey Josephson in Sydney one of the first such raised in the Australian colonies. At one of her father's Hobart concerts in 1830: "Miss Deane, a young lady not nine years old, performed a Concerto on the Piano Forte, in a manner which proved how admirably well bestowed, had been her father's musical abilities." In concerts over the next few years she was noted for introducing "difficult" works by Moschelles, Kalkbrenner, and Herz, and took her own first benefit in August 1834. When her father was declared insolvent early in 1836, Rosalie presented a concert in her own right at the Court House, New Norfolk, "for the support of her Brothers, Sisters, and Family". After moving to Sydney, in May she and her father jointly set up as music teachers. She continued to perform regularly in Sydney, both as a pianist and vocalist, into the late 1840s, but appears to have stopped performing professionally after her father's death in 1849. Beedell (258) reports, presumably on family information, that "her public career was ended by early blindness". At the age of 6, she was victim of rape, as confirmed by the diary of Robert Knopwood (17 December 1827): "The 9 men for murder were executed and the man for a rape on Mr. J. P. Deen's child".
1827-12-01: James Conhope was convicted of a brutal assault on a child six years of age. The trial lasted the whole day, and the Chief Justice, immediately after the verdict was delivered, sentenced him to be hanged, desiring him to prepare himself for the awful and ignominious death which the perpetration of so horrible a crime deserved.
1827-12-22: The rope was then adjusted round the neck of John Conhope, for a rape, and horrible and most justly deserving of death as the murderers were who surrounded him, a still greater abhorrence seemed to be excited by his appearance, owing to the unspeakable and inhuman nature of his crime. He was dressed in white, had a small nosegay stuck in his breast, but had become so emaciated since his imprisonment, together with being blind of an eye, that his countenance was truly haggard. He was by trade a carpenter, and had been for some time free by servitude. His habits, however, had long been dissipated and irregular, and he had a singular practice of decking himself out in women's clothes in visiting his favourite haunts in Hobart-town.
Violinist, viola and double bass player
Born Hobart, TAS, 26 May 1826
Died Burwood, NSW, 22 November 1910
Third son of John Philip Deane and Rosalie Deane, born in Hobart, William Deane performed regularly as a string player in his family's concerts in the 1830s and 1840s, for instance in 1844 playing tenor (viola) with the family quartet in a string quartet by Onslowe. He also appeared more widely in Sydney concerts. He was listed as one of the "principal instrumental perfomers" in a Grand Concert directed by S. W. Wallace and Thomas Leggatt in 1843. He was listed as a member of the "theatrical band", under John Gibbs, for Maria Hinckesmann's concert at the Royal City Theatre in 1845, and in July 1846 he played double bass in S. W. Wallace's orchestra for Maria Carandini's concert.
Edward Smith Deane (1824-1879); image from Orchard 1952, plate after page 30
DEANE, Edward Smith
Vocalist, cellist, professor of music, composer
Born Hobart, TAS, 4 March 1824
Died Balmain, NSW, 3 September 1879
Edward, second son of John Philip Deane, made his public debut in one of his father's concerts in 1830: "Master E. Deane, only 6 years old sung Parry's celebrated Adieu to the Village in a style of accuracy which could hardly be supposed possible in such a child". He moved to Sydney with his family in 1836, and participated in their first concert there in May. John Lhotsky wrote of him in The Reformer in 1836 (reprinted UK 1837): "Master E. Deane is rather a phenomenon, and we have never before seen a boy of his age managing the violoncello as he does." For decades he was probably Sydney's most reliable resident cellist. At just 12 years of age, new to Sydney, he played in the first Australian public performance of a Beethoven string quartet (with his father, brother John Deane, and William Vincent Wallace) in 1836. In maturity he led the orchestral cellos in Lewis Lavenu's 1859 University of Sydney Musical Festival, and played Beethoven's C minor Piano Trio with Edward Boulanger and Agostino Robbio in 1863. In 1858, he advertised as "MR. EDWARD DEANE", Professor of the Pianoforte, Violin, Guitar, and Concertina, 13 O'Connell-street". A late public appearance was in concert with Charles Horsley and the popular songster Charles Thatcher in January 1869. He was one of two young Sydney musicians (the other W. C. Harwood) to write and publish pieces of music humorously in honour of the touring "Electro-biological" showman and mesmerist, Mr. James Daly, who arrived on the ship the Great Britain in 1853 (see below). He is also credited with a Grand March ("composed expressly for the NSW Volunteer Artillery Band") in 1861.
See also Edward's son, Sydney Leslie Deane (1863-1934), cricketer, entertainer, tenor vocalist, film actor
DEANE, Charles Muzio
Born Hobart, 23 April 1832
Died Burwood, NSW, 13 July 1915, "in his 84th year"
Born Hobart, Tasmania, 3 August 1834, fifth son of John Philip Deane
Died Camperdown, 9 December 1849
Born Hobart, TAS, 8 March 1836
Died Killara, NSW, 7 March 1922
Charles Muzio Deane, "only five years old", first appeared in public at his father's 1838 Sydney benefit leading the orchestra of the Royal Victoria Theatre in a "set of quadrilles". When the Deane family returned from Sydney to Hobart in 1844, their concert programs advertised the participation of three Hobart-born family members. Several time these three younger Deane brothers performed string trios composed by their father, Charles and Henry on violin, Albert on cello, that in a concert on 30 April billed: "Trio, Two Violins and Violoncello, in which will be introduced the favourite Airs Home, sweet home, and Hey, the bonnie breast knots, and which will be performed by the three juvenile Tasmanians, Master C. Deane, Master H. Deane, and Master A. Deane." All three are also listed (each as "Mister") as orchestra members on that occasion, and Alfred also sang.
"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette (22 June 1822), 2
"CRIMINAL COURT. MONDAY", The Hobart Town Courier (1 December 1827), 1
James Conhope was convicted of a brutal assault on a child six years of age. The trial lasted the whole day, and the Chief Justice, immediately after the verdict was delivered, sentenced him to be hanged, desiring him to prepare himself for the awful and ignominious death which the perpetration of so horrible a crime deserved.
Diary of Robert Knopwood, 17 December 1827 (Nicholls 1977)
The 9 men for murder were executed and the man for a rape on Mr. J. P. Deen's child.
"EXECUTION", The Hobart Town Courier (22 December 1827), 4
The rope was then adjusted round the neck of John Conhope, for a rape, and horrible and most justly deserving of death as the murderers were who surrounded him, a still greater abhorrence seemed to be excited by his appearance, owing to the unspeakable and inhuman nature of his crime. He was dressed in white, had a small nosegay stuck in his breast, but had become so emaciated since his imprisonment, together with being blind of an eye, that his countenance was truly haggard. He was by trade a carpenter, and had been for some time free by servitude. His habits, however, had long been dissipated and irregular, and he had a singular practice of decking himself out in women's clothes in visiting his favourite haunts in Hobart-town.
[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (26 January 1828), 2
THE undersigned lent to some friend the flute parts of Pleyel's Quintetts, as arranged by Solomon for five instruments, and will feel greatly obliged by the party returning them. J. P. DEANE.
Mrs. DEANE respectfully begs to return her
thanks to her friends, for the support given
to the Hobart town Library, and offers for sale the
following articles: - Writing paper, foolscap, Bath,
gilt edge, note ditto, copybooks, pens, ink, paper,
ink in bottle!, wafers, scaling wax, slates, slate pencils, folio for invoices, music "paper, violin strings
sod bridges, patterns for working muslins, drawing
paper, penknives, scissors, pocket and other combs,
scents, and a variety of other artictes. Also a large
collection of Children's school and other books. TERMS OF THE LIBRARY. Per Annum ... £2 2s.
Per Quarter. 15[s]
Per Month. 7 [s]
Per Book. 6d.
Just published, the first set of Tasmanian Quadrilles, by J. P. Deane.
See also documentation in The Hobart Town Concerts of 1826-27
"VAN DIEMAN'S LAND NEWS. MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1830), 4
[Advertisement], Colonial Times (11 September 1832), 1
[Advertisement], Colonial Times (22 July 1834), 3
[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (22 January 1836), 3
In the matter of the Insolvency of John Philip Deane. WHEREAS, the above named John Philip Deane having presented his petition to the Supreme Court, praying for relief pursuant to the Act of Council, entituled, "An Act to provide for the distribution of Insolvent Estates, and for the amendment in other respects of the law of Debtor and Creditor," and the same having come on to be heard before His Honor Mr. Justice Montagu, the said John Philip Deane was declared insolvent, and Sir. John Makepeace, of Hobart town aforesaid, was thereupon appointed the provisional assignee of the estate and effects of the said insolvent. Notice is hereby given, that Thursday the eleventh day of February next, at the hour of 10 o'clock in the forenoon, at the Court-house, Hobart town, is appointed to be the day and place for the meeting of the creditors of the said insolvent, and for otherwise proceeding in the matter of such insolvency. - Dated this 21st day of January 1836. E. M. DYNE, Solicitor to the said Insolvency.
[Advertisement], Colonial Times (26 January 1836), 2
[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (18 March 1836), 3
"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Gazette (19 April 1836), 2
ARRIVALS. From America via Hobart Town, on Sunday last, having left the latter port the 7th instant, the ship Black Warrior, Captain Nunford. with merchandise. Passengers, Mr Driver, Mr. J. P. Deane, Mrs. Deane, and family, Rev. Mr. Kenny, and Mr. Spyer.
"[News], The Sydney Gazette (3 May 1836), 2
[Advertisement], The Colonist (12 May 1836), 5
"MUSIC AT SYDNEY", Chambers Edinburgh Journal 275 (6 May 1837), 117
[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette (20 September 1838), 3
"New Music", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1842), 3
"NEW MUSIC", Australasian Chronicle (29 October 1842), 2
[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSIC", The Courier (18 November 1842), 1
[Advertisement], The Australian (1 March 1843), 3
[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1844), 1
"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1844), 2
[Advertisement], Colonial Times (6 February 1844), 1
[Advertisement], The Courier (19 April 1844), 1
[Advertisement], The Courier (26 April 1844), 1
[Advertisement], Colonial Times (30 April 1844), 1
[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3
[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 September 1845), 1
[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1846), 1
"THE FANCY BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 July 1847), 2
"PROMENADE CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1849), 2
"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1849), 3
Yesterday morning, Alfred, fifth son of Mr. J. P. Deane, Elizabeth-street, aged 14 years and 4 months
"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1849), 5
[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 February 1853), 5
"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1855), 8
[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1857), 1
[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1858), 10
MR. EDWARD DEANE, Professor of the Pianoforte Violin, Guitar, and Concertina, 13, O'Connell-street.
[George Loder], "RECOLLECTIONS OF CALIFORNIA & AUSTRALIA" [continued], The Musical World (14 August 1858), 515
On the voyage from San Francisco to Sydney on the Horizont, 27 April to 8 July 1856.
... Among our passengers were a gentleman [John Deane (1820-1893)] and his wife [Annie Perrier], musicians, who were returning to their native land, Australia. They had a most lovely little girl of about seven months old: she was the pet of the whole ship, and in the warm tropical latitudes used to lie in a hammock on deck, and kick up her little legs, and crow with delight. We were not very far from the Navigator's Islands. It was a dead calm, and extremely hot, and all the passengers had been enjoying themselves upon the poop with song and jest, assisted by a decoction of my invention, the principal ingredients of which were Scotch whiskey, sugar, and lemon syrup; and I had retired at midnight to my virtuous pillow, when I was awakened by a friend who begged me instantly to rise, as the baby was dead or dying. We had no doctor on board, and I was generally looked up to as that functionary, and a few moments brought me on to the poop, where I found the little darling quite dead. Every effort was made to restore animation, but in vain. It seems that she had been left in the berth asleep, and the evening being so very calm no danger was apprehended, but the little pet had by some means got the pillow over her head and was smothered in her innocent sleep. But then came the awful scene. After the bustle incident upon our efforts to restore animation was over, a deathlike stillness seemed to close like a pall around us, a low convulsive sob from the agonised mother alone breaking the solemn silence, when with an awful yell like some wild beast in fearful agony, the father, who had been vacantly gazing at the corpse of his first born, sprung to the bulwarks, and had he not been restrained by the giant arm of the first mate, would have dashed himself into the sea. Those around seized him; but he was perfectly frantic, and for three hours experienced a succession of epileptic fits which were horrifying to witness. While in the paroxysms it took five strong men to hold him, although he was a very small and slight man. The convulsions were at last broken by the use of strong spirits of ammonia, and then I calmed the poor broken-hearted fellow with a strong dose of brandy and water, and an enormous pipe, and succeeded in getting him into a sound sleep, from which he did not awake until noon of the next day, weak and sore from his struggles, but apparently tranquil; but for several days we never suffered him to be alone. The calm still continued, and it was impossible for us to make the Island of Eowa (the nearest land) where we wished to bury the little innocent, and we had to resign it to the fathomless ocean; the carpenter made a little coffin, which was loaded heavily to sink it. And here I must relate a little trait of our captain, which really endeared him to us all, despite his dawdling propensities. He had some flowers in pots, which were a great delight to him and his dear little wife, and just before we closed the coffin lid, he cut up every one of his plants to decorate, in his own country's sweet and poetical custom, the sleeping infant: that man had a heart, and God bless and prosper him, wherever he may be.
[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1861), 1
[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1863), 12
[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1864), 12
"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 January 1865), 3
"The Orpheonist Society ...", Empire (19 February 1866), 2
"SYDNEY", The Musical Times 12 (1 May 1866), 298
"VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT", Empire (14 January 1869), 2
1870 and after
"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 June 1873), 1
On the 2nd instant, ROSALIE DEANE, widow of the late John Philip Deane, aged 73.
"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1879), 1
DEANE. - September 3, at his residence, Maitland House, Adolphus-street, Balmain, Edward Smith Deane, professor of music, second son of the late John Philip Deane.
"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1888), 1
"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 March 1893), 1
DEANE - March 13, 1893 at his residence Union-street, Blue's Point, North Sydney, John Deane, Professor of music, aged 77 years; an old and well-respected resident of St. Leonards.
"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 November 1910), 10
DEANE. - November 22, 1910 at his late residence. Burwoodene, Waimea street, Burwood, William Deane, Solicitor, in his 85th year. By special request, no flowers.
"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1915), 10
DEANE. - At his late residence, Viola, Waimea-street, Burwood, Charles Muzio, in his 84th year.
"LATE MR. C. M. DEANE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 July 1915), 10
LATE MR. C. M. DEANE. Mr Charles Muzio Deane died on the 13th instant at his residence Viola, Waimea street, Burwood, in his 84th year. He was a native of Hobart, Tasmania, and was associated with the firm of Messrs. Montefiore, Joseph, and Co. in early life. About 1871 he was appointed accountant to the Prothonotary of the Supreme Court, a position which he retained till his retirement on a pension about 19 years ago. In 1864 Mr. Deane with others, headed a petition for the incorporation of Darlington as a municipality. The petition was granted and the first meeting of the electors was held at the John Bull Inn Newtown road, on September 16 1864, Mr. Deane was elected one of the aldermen and he signed the minutes as chairman till 1867. About 1872 he removed to Burwood and remained their till his death. He continued his municipal connection with Darlington for two years. In 1874, when the Burwood Municipality was formed, Mr. Deane was elected an alderman. As a musician he was in the foremost rank and he was first violinist at most of the musicial societies of 30 years ago. His brother, John Deane, was also prominent as a conductor, and another brother, Edward, was a well known 'cellist. Mr Deane, in the pioneer days of volunteering, did five years service, for which he, in common with others, received a Government land grant of 50 acres. His funeral took place at the Necropolis, in the Church of England section of the Cemetery, on Wednseday. He left a family of three sons and four daughters.
The electro-biological schottische, composed by E. S. Deane (Sydney: W. J. Johnson, )
Ann K. Wentzel [Carr-Boyd], "Deane, John Philip (1796-1849)", Australian Dictionary of Biography 1 (1966)
Peter Reynolds, "Broughton Hall Psychiatric Clinic", Dictionary of Sydney
Early residents - D. T. Dawson, William Deane, Springwood Historians Blog, posted 24 February 2011
© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2017