LAST MODIFIED Monday 6 August 2018 19:44

John Philip Deane and family

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "John Philip Deane and family", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 18 August 2018

John Philip Deane (1796-1849); image from Orchard 1952, plate after page 30

DEANE, John Philip

Professor of music, violinist, composer, music retailer

Born Richmond, Surrey, England, 1 January 1796
Arrived Hobart, VDL (TAS), 19 June 1822 (per Deveron from England)
Died Sydney, NSW, 18 December 1849, "in the 54th year of his age" (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE public tag) 

This is the barest STUB on one of the most important early colonial musicians in VDL (TAS) and NSW. He and his wife and two eldest children arrived in Hobart in 1822. Deane was insolvent by the start of 1836, and with a now larger family, left Hobart for Sydney in April. Early in 1844, the Deanes returned to Hobart, apparently intending to remain there permanently, but were back in New South Wales early in 1845 when Deane purchased a large house, Broughton Hall (later the Rozelle Psychiatric Hospital). Deane's last concert took place in Sydney on 7 December 1849, on which occasion The Sydney Herald encouraged attendance, since "Mr. Deane, the oldest musician in the southern hemisphere, and a colonist of twenty-eight years standing, from his perseverance, deserves encouragement". He died 10 days later on 18 December 1849. John Lhotsky wrote of him in The Reformer in 1836 (reprinted UK 1837): [Mr Deane is] "a very diligent and attentive leader, a good performer, and well versed in the theoretical part of music. How beautifully did he lead the quintette of Haydn; such a thorough-wrought piece of music must affect every mind. It creates a very homely feeling to see Mr. Deane busying himself about his numerous family, for the sake of procuring us recreation, elation, and refinement of mind."

DEANE, Rosalie (Miss SMITH; Mrs. J. P. DEANE)

Music seller, wife and mother of a family of musicians

Born Richmond, Surrey, England, 24 January 1799
Married John Philip DEANE, Westminster, London, England, 19 December 1818
Arrived Hobart, 19 June 1822 (per Deveron from England)
Died Sydney, 2 June 1873, aged 73 years

Rosale Smith was daughter of Edward Smith (1755-1836) and Sarah Paine (1760-1810). She married John Philip Deane in England and arrived in Hobart with him and their two eldest children, John and Rosalie, on 19 June 1822. After she took over from her husband around 1828 as proprietor of Deane's Circulating Library (also the Hobart Town Circulating Library) she was Hobart's leading general bookseller in the late 1820s and early 1830s, and also a music seller, offering for sale in 1828, for instance, "music paper, violin strings and bridges" and "last published, the first set-of Tasmanian Quadrilles, by J. P. Deane", and in 1832 "MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS ... Comprising Concert Thirds, Sixths, Sevenths, and Octave Flutes; C and B Six-key Clarionets; French and English Flageolets; Key Bugles and Hunting Horns; Pandean-Pipes; Violins, 30s. each; Violin Bows, Bridges, and Strings; Violincello and Guitar Strings; 2 square Piano Fortes; 1 Cabinet, and 1 Cottage do.; Piano Forte Music; new Songs and Pieces; Music Paper." There is no certain record that she was herself a musical performer. After the couple moved to Sydney (with 8 children), she is only occasionally documented, as when, in "fancy dress" she accompanied her husband (dressed as a "Doctor of Music") to the Mayor's Fancy Ball in 1847.

John Deane (1820-1893); image from Orchard 1952, plate after page 30

DEANE, John (junior)

Violinist, professor of music

Born Richmond, Surrey, England, 14 January 1820
Arrived Hobart, 19 June 1822 (per Deveron from England)
Died North Sydney, NSW, 13 March 1893 (TROVE public tag)

The Hobart press recorded Master John Deane's public debut at his father's concert in 1830: "The concert comnmenced with a grand symphony my Stamity [Stamitz]. Mr. Deane presided very ably at the violin, Messrs. Brown and Williams (master of the Band of the 63rd), Mr. Bock and Master Deane (a young gentlemnan only ten years old) tenors,  Mr. Hoffer, a violoncello, and two horns by excellent performers of the 63rd Band." He was probably also the Master Deane (though if not him, his brother Edward) who played Saltpetre in Red Riding Hood at the Argyle Rooms in 1834. In Sydney, he is regularly listed as a performer in concerts in the early 1840s. Francis Ellard published his "maiden composition", the ballad What is love? in 1842 (no copy identified), and an 1845 concert program lists his orchestrations ("orchestral accompaniments") for Neukomm's King Death and Callcott's The Last Man. In 1855 he was in San Francisco, where he married Annie M. Perrier. He was back in Sydney in 1857 teaching, and as honorary secretary of the Sydney Philharmonic Society. The free trade polka ("dedicated to the Hon. Charles Cowper, M.L.A.") and published by J. H. Anderson in December 1864 may also be his.

DEANE, Rosalie (Miss DEANE)

Pianist, vocalist

Born Richmond, Surrey, England, 4 June 1821
Arrived Hobart, 19 June 1822 (per Deveron from England)
Died Manly, NSW, 4 April 1888 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

During the 1830s and 1840s, Rosalie Deane had a promising career as a concert pianist, with Joshua Frey Josephson in Sydney one of the first such raised in the Australian colonies. At one of her father's Hobart concerts in 1830: "Miss Deane, a young lady not nine years old, performed a Concerto on the Piano Forte, in a manner which proved how admirably well bestowed, had been her father's musical abilities." In concerts over the next few years she was noted for introducing "difficult" works by Moschelles, Kalkbrenner, and Herz, and took her own first benefit in August 1834. When her father was declared insolvent early in 1836, Rosalie presented a concert in her own right at the Court House, New Norfolk, "for the support of her Brothers, Sisters, and Family". After moving to Sydney, in May she and her father jointly set up as music teachers. She continued to perform regularly in Sydney, both as a pianist and vocalist, into the late 1840s, but appears to have stopped performing professionally after her father's death in 1849. Beedell (258) reports, presumably on family information, that "her public career was ended by early blindness". At the age of 6, she was victim of rape, for which crime the perpetrator was executed.

DEANE, William

Violinist, viola and double bass player

Born Hobart, TAS, 26 May 1826
Died Burwood, NSW, 22 November 1910

Third son of John Philip Deane and Rosalie Deane, born in Hobart, William Deane performed regularly as a string player in his family's concerts in the 1830s and 1840s, for instance in 1844 playing tenor (viola) with the family quartet in a string quartet by Onslowe. He also appeared more widely in Sydney concerts. He was listed as one of the "principal instrumental perfomers" in a Grand Concert directed by S. W. Wallace and Thomas Leggatt in 1843. He was listed as a member of the "theatrical band", under John Gibbs, for Maria Hinckesmann's concert at the Royal City Theatre in 1845, and in July 1846 he played double bass in S. W. Wallace's orchestra for Maria Carandini's concert.

Edward Smith Deane (1824-1879); image from Orchard 1952, plate after page 30

DEANE, Edward Smith

Vocalist, cellist, professor of music, composer

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 4 March 1824 [? 23]
Died Balmain, NSW, 3 September 1879 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Edward, second son of John Philip Deane, made his public debut in one of his father's concerts in 1830: "Master E. Deane, only 6 years old sung Parry's celebrated Adieu to the Village in a style of accuracy which could hardly be supposed possible in such a child". He moved to Sydney with his family in 1836, and participated in their first concert there in May. John Lhotsky wrote of him in The Reformer in 1836 (reprinted UK 1837): "Master E. Deane is rather a phenomenon, and we have never before seen a boy of his age managing the violoncello as he does." For decades he was probably Sydney's most reliable resident cellist. At just 12 years of age, new to Sydney, he played in the first Australian public performance of a Beethoven string quartet (with his father, brother John Deane, and William Vincent Wallace) in 1836. In maturity he led the orchestral cellos in Lewis Lavenu's 1859 University of Sydney Musical Festival, and played Beethoven's C minor Piano Trio with Edward Boulanger and Agostino Robbio in 1863. In 1858, he advertised as "MR. EDWARD DEANE", Professor of the Pianoforte, Violin, Guitar, and Concertina, 13 O'Connell-street". A late public appearance was in concert with Charles Horsley and the popular songster Charles Thatcher in January 1869. He was one of two young Sydney musicians (the other W. C. Harwood) to write and publish pieces of music humorously in honour of the touring "Electro-biological" showman and mesmerist, Mr. James Daly, who arrived on the ship the Great Britain in 1853 (see below). He is also credited with a Grand March ("composed expressly for the NSW Volunteer Artillery Band") in 1861.

See also Edward's son, Sydney Leslie Deane (1863-1934), cricketer, entertainer, tenor vocalist, film actor 

DEANE, Charles Muzio


Born Hobart, 23 April 1832
Died Burwood, NSW, 13 July 1915, "in his 84th year" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DEANE, Alfred

Cellist, vocalist

Born Hobart, Tasmania, 3 August 1834, fifth son of John Philip Deane
Died Camperdown, 9 December 1849

DEANE, Henry


Born Hobart, TAS, 8 March 1836
Died Killara, NSW, 7 March 1922

Charles Muzio Deane, "only five years old", first appeared in public at his father's 1838 Sydney benefit leading the orchestra of the Royal Victoria Theatre in a "set of quadrilles". When the Deane family returned from Sydney to Hobart in 1844, their concert programs advertised the participation of three Hobart-born family members. Several time these three younger Deane brothers performed string trios composed by their father, Charles and Henry on violin, Albert on cello, that in a concert on 30 April billed: "Trio, Two Violins and Violoncello, in which will be introduced the favourite Airs Home, sweet home, and Hey, the bonnie breast knots, and which will be performed by the three juvenile Tasmanians, Master C. Deane, Master H. Deane, and Master A. Deane." All three are also listed (each as "Mister") as orchestra members on that occasion, and Alfred also sang.

DEANE, Mary Grace (Miss Edward DEANE; Miss Grace EDWARD-DEANE)

? Music teacher

Born Sydney, NSW, 1858 (daughter of Edward Smith and Sophia DEANE)
Died Chatswood, NSW, 1942



Register of baptisms, St. Mary Magdalene, Richmond, Surrey, England; P7/1/5; Surrey History Centre

1796 . . . John Philip, son of John and Isabella Jane Deane / [born] (1 Jan.) / [baptised] January 30

Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. Martin in the Fields in the county of Middlesex in the year 1818; register 1817-19, page 229

John Philip Deane, bachelor of this parish, and Rosalie Smith, of Richmond, in the county of Sussex and a minor [sic], were married in this church by license this [19th] day of December [1818] / in the presence of Edwd. Smith, Mary Smith

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Richmond [St. Mary Magdalene] in the county of Surrey in the year 1821; register 1813-28, page 1114

No. 908 / John [son of] /John Philip & Rosalie / Deane / George Street / Tin man

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Richmond [St. Mary Magdalene] in the county of Surrey in the year 1821; register 1813-28, page 140

No. 1119 / 27 June, born 4 Jun / Rosalie Deane, dr. of / John Philip & Rosalie / Deane / George Street / Brazier


"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette (22 June 1822), 2

Arrived from England on Wednesday last, the brig Deveron, Capt. Wilson, with merchandize. - Cabin passengers, Mr. Edward Payne, who left this Colony a few months ago, and who is now accompanied by Mrs. Payne; Mr. and Mrs. Butcher and 5 children; Mr. and Mrs. Dean and family; Mr. Shand; Mr. Macgillerray ; Mr. Dodsworth; Mr. Allerdyce; Mr. Barnes, surgeon of the vessel; Mr. John Wilson; Mr. Packet; Mr. and Mrs. Turner; Mr. White, the latter two Gentlemen being Missionaries proceeding to New Zealand. - Steerage passengers, Mrs. Josthouse, Mr. Simpson, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Hillier, Mr. and Mrs. Hoar, Mr. Munroe, Mr. Fisher, and Mr. Festus, - being 32 in number. - The Deveron left England the 13th February, and touched only at Madeira.

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Hobart Town ... in the year 1824; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1079219; RGD32/1/1/ no 1584 

No. 1584 / [Baptised] 28th March [1824] / [Born] 4 March 1824 ? 23 / [Names] Edward Smith / [Parents] John Philip and Rosalie / Deane / [married] England / Wm. Bedford

[Death notice], Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (21 July 1826), 4 

Died at Launceston, Mrs. Leach, sister-in-law of Sir John Leach, Vice Chancellor of England, and aunt to Mrs. J. P. Deane and Mrs. Solicitor Butler.

Ann Leach, aged 63, was presumably the widow of a brother of John Leach (1760-1834); Gamaliel Butler (1783-1852) was admitted as an attorney, solicitor and proctor in Hobart on 3 September 1824, he and his wife Sarah (c.1787-1870), together with Mrs. Leach, having arrived as passengers on the Prince Regent, on 2 July 1824. On 1 August 1825, Butler put in an application for a grant of land, listing among his assets at that date, a "two story house and premises in Elizabeth Street called Waterloo Stores now in my occupation", and valued at £2,000, and which Butler sold on to the goverment in 1826, for £1,600, for use as a police office.

"CRIMINAL COURT. MONDAY", The Hobart Town Courier (1 December 1827), 1

James Conhope was convicted of a brutal assault on a child six years of age. The trial lasted the whole day, and the Chief Justice, immediately after the verdict was delivered, sentenced him to be hanged, desiring him to prepare himself for the awful and ignominious death which the perpetration of so horrible a crime deserved.

Diary of Robert Knopwood, 17 December 1827 (Nicholls 1977)

The 9 men for murder were executed and the man for a rape on Mr. J. P. Deen's child.

"EXECUTION", The Hobart Town Courier (22 December 1827), 4

The rope was then adjusted round the neck of John Conhope, for a rape, and horrible and most justly deserving of death as the murderers were who surrounded him, a still greater abhorrence seemed to be excited by his appearance, owing to the unspeakable and inhuman nature of his crime. He was dressed in white, had a small nosegay stuck in his breast, but had become so emaciated since his imprisonment, together with being blind of an eye, that his countenance was truly haggard. He was by trade a carpenter, and had been for some time free by servitude. His habits, however, had long been dissipated and irregular, and he had a singular practice of decking himself out in women's clothes in visiting his favourite haunts in Hobart-town.

"VAN DIEMAN'S LAND. EXTRACT FROM A LETTER FROM HOBART TOWN", Oxford University and City Herald [UK] (12 January 1828), 2; and

Hampshire Chronicle [UK] (14 January 1828), 3

. . . We are not so dull as you imagine. We have races, and though they are not quite equal to those you and I have been at, we contrive to find amusement at them. We are badly off for entertainments; we have had one or two concerts, under the direction of J. P. Deane, the organist of St. David's Church. (This is the only organ in the colony.) Deane plays and sings. We paid 10s. each for the first, and 15s. for the second concert; double tickets one guinea; and they were wall attended. We have had only one ball, and the higher grade would not attend it. There were thirty ladies at it - only one unmarried; so you see the faint hopes for your friend in the matrimonial way . . .

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (26 January 1828), 2

THE undersigned lent to some friend the flute parts of Pleyel's Quintetts, as arranged by Solomon for five instruments, and will feel greatly obliged by the party returning them. J. P. DEANE.

Mrs. DEANE respectfully begs to return her thanks to her friends, for the support given to the Hobart town Library, and offers for sale the following articles: - Writing paper, foolscap, Bath, gilt edge, note ditto, copybooks, pens, ink, paper, ink in bottle!, wafers, scaling wax, slates, slate pencils, folio for invoices, music "paper, violin strings sod bridges, patterns for working muslins, drawing paper, penknives, scissors, pocket and other combs, scents, and a variety of other artictes. Also a large collection of Children's school and other books. TERMS OF THE LIBRARY. Per Annum ... £2 2s.
Per Quarter. 15[s]
Per Month. 7 [s]
Per Book. 6d.

Just published, the first set of Tasmanian Quadrilles, by J. P. Deane.

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Hobart Town ... in the year 1828; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1080314; RGD32/1/1/ no 2672 

No. 384 / 2672 / [Baptised] 27 october / [Born] 28 September 1828 / [Name] Thomas / [Parents] John and Rosalie / Deane / Hobart Town / Organist / R. Knopwood A.M.

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Hobart Town ... in the year 1828; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1080313; RGD32/1/1/ no 2671 

No 383 /2671/ [Baptised] 27 October / [Born] 26 May 1826 / [Name] William / [Parents] John and Rosalie / Deane / Hobart Town / Organist / Rev. R. Knopwood, A.M.

See also documentation in The Hobart Town Concerts of 1826-27


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Hobart Town ... in the year 1830; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1081022; RGD32/1/1/ no 3377 

No. 684 / 3377 / [Baptised] 14th June / [Born] 18th May 1830 / [Name] Isabella / [Parents] John Phillip and Rosalie / Deane / Hobart Town / Music master / Wm. Bedford

"VAN DIEMAN'S LAND NEWS. MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1830), 4

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Hobart Town ... in the year 1832; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1081903; RGD32/1/1/ no 4251 

No. 1015 / 4251 / [Baptised] 13 May / [Born] 23 April 1832 / [Name] Charles Muzio / [Parents] John Philip and Rosalie / Dean [sic] / Hobart Town / Music Master / Wm. Bedford

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (11 September 1832), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (22 July 1834), 3

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Hobart Town ... in the year 1834; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1083016; RGD32/1/2/ no 5346 

No. 5346/ [Baptised] 20 August / [Born] 3 August 1834 / [Name] Alfred / [Parents] John Philip and Rosalie / Deane / Hobart Town / Music Masyter / Wm. Bedford

[News], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch, and Agricultural and Commercial . . . (25 September 1835), 3 

? Departures from Launceston, per Dart, for Sydney, 2 January 1836; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:541862; POL458/1/2 p8 

J. P. Deane, esq., Mrs. Deane ...

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (22 January 1836), 3

In the matter of the Insolvency of John Philip Deane. WHEREAS, the above named John Philip Deane having presented his petition to the Supreme Court, praying for relief pursuant to the Act of Council, entituled, "An Act to provide for the distribution of Insolvent Estates, and for the amendment in other respects of the law of Debtor and Creditor," and the same having come on to be heard before His Honor Mr. Justice Montagu, the said John Philip Deane was declared insolvent, and Sir. John Makepeace, of Hobart town aforesaid, was thereupon appointed the provisional assignee of the estate and effects of the said insolvent. Notice is hereby given, that Thursday the eleventh day of February next, at the hour of 10 o'clock in the forenoon, at the Court-house, Hobart town, is appointed to be the day and place for the meeting of the creditors of the said insolvent, and for otherwise proceeding in the matter of such insolvency. - Dated this 21st day of January 1836. E. M. DYNE, Solicitor to the said Insolvency.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (26 January 1836), 2

Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Hobart Town ... in the year 1836; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1084412; RGD32/1/2/ no 6745 

No. 113 / 6745 / [Baptised] 5 April / [Born] 8 March 1836 / [Name] Henry / [Parents] John Philip and Rosalie / Deane / Hobart Town / Teacher of Musick / Wm. Bedford

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (18 March 1836), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Gazette (19 April 1836), 2

ARRIVALS. From America via Hobart Town, on Sunday last, having left the latter port the 7th instant, the ship Black Warrior, Captain Nunford. with merchandise. Passengers, Mr. Driver, Mr. J. P. Deane, Mrs. Deane, and family, Rev. Mr. Kenny, and Mr. Spyer.

"[News], The Sydney Gazette (3 May 1836), 2

[Advertisement], The Colonist (12 May 1836), 5

"MUSIC AT SYDNEY", Chambers Edinburgh Journal 275 (6 May 1837), 117

A FILE of colonial newspapers is apt to be a source of considerable entertainment. It is particularly so if the colony be new and small, and things be only, as it were, in the bud. It is then most amusing to observe how minds, which, at home, would be making a stir about great matters, go to work when they have to agitate about things comparatively little, and how the terms and modes of speech customary here, look, when applied with the same seriousness to the miniature concerns of one of these infant states. The squabbles, too, and bickerings which are incessantly going on amongst colonial editors, are extremely amusing at this cool distance, where nothing is intelligible but that two or three honest gentlemen have been grievously offending each other's love of approbation.

Number three of "The Reformer," a fortnightly paper commenced in June 1836, at Sydney, contains an article under the title of "Music in Australia," in which the editor gives an account of certain concerts which had recently taken place in the Australian capital. Both for the information it conveys, and the designed or undesigned humour which lurks in the composition, this article is worthy of the notice of our readers. The writer commences by stating that, when he arrived in the colony four years ago, music was little in fashion, partly in consequence of the troubles at the end of Governor Darling's administration. For six months, sad to relate, there had not been a single concert in Sydney.

"It was the arrival of Mrs Taylor, and then subsequently of Mrs Chester, that roused, as it were, the musical lethargy of New South Wales; but it cannot be said that music was fairly established amongst us, until the tide of emigration brought to our shores Messrs Wallace and Deane. When the first of the named gentlemen arrived in Sydney, there were persons who said, it was an act of folly that a man of his acquirements should have ventured to come to Botany Bay, and it was asserted, that he would have to expiate such a want of judgment as this. We were never of the same opinion; and we were not mistaken. The first and the second concerts, although succeeding each other rapidly, were crowded to excess; and as it is required to speak sometimes in figures, we believe that L.80 at least were cleared each time. But what must have been the astonishment of the idiots and circumscribed amongst us, when, about six months after the arrival of Mr. Wallace and his family, Mr. Deane also (member of the Philharmonic Society of London) removed him self and family from Van Diemen's Land to New South Wales. As we are never despairing, we did not despair either, in seeing such a vast accumulation of musical talent pour into our colony. We said to ourselves, there are capitalists and settlers of from fifty thousand to five and six thousand pounds of income a-year, there is a high-salaried governor, there are well-paid public officers amongst us. It is impossible that they should not imitate, I would not just say the king, but the respectability and wealth of Great Britain. * * * Several concerts were given both by Mr Wallace and Mr Deane; and it must be said, as being very creditable to our public, that every one of them (with the exception of one) was very well attended - and the indifferent attendance of that one was caused by excessive bad weather. We have heard, beginning with Beethoven and Paganini, almost every virtuoso in Europe; we have practised music ourselves in the happier days of our youth; we have therefore some right to review freely the prominent talents which the colony possesses at the present moment."

He then describes Mr Wallace as one who would be considered "a good solo-player, even in one of the first-rate theatres at home." There are "tones of his" that the colony "does not yet thoroughly comprehend," but he believes it will "grow up to them." Mr. S. W. Wallace is "a very feeling, nay, original flute-player;" and Miss E. W. is "a juvenile performer," whose voice is "even now sweet and melodious," though she is as yet deficient in the pronunciation of Italian. Mr. Deane is "a very diligent and attentive leader, a good performer, and well versed in the theoretical part of music. How beautifully did he lead the quintette of Haydn; such a thorough-wrought piece of music must affect every mind. * * * * It creates a very homely feeling to see Mr. Deane busying himself about his numerous family, for the sake of procuring us recreation, elation, and refinement of mind. Miss Deane labours under the same advantageous predicament as Miss Wallace - she is also very young. It is very creditable to Mr. Deane, to have formed such a skilful pupil as his daughter is. Many hours and days must have passed by, to bring forth such precocious accomplishments. There is no hesitation, there is no mistake in Miss Deane's playing. Look at her Greek March! There she begins, and there it runs on clear and perfect to the very end. Some passages are even sublime, and who can say how far Miss Deane will improve, when she also will have become a big girl. Master E. Deane is rather a phenomenon, and we have never before seen a boy of his age managing the violoncello as he does."

Mrs. Chester, "although the last in our article, is not the least among our colonial performers. She has the strongest, most sonorous, and expressive voice, we have heard in the colony. Amongst other songs, her Auld Robin Gray is an admirable piece, which we would not be tired to hear day after day. But having spoken of Mrs. Chester and our other virtuosoes, we must now observe, that all and every one of them are labouring under a most perplexing disadvantage, and this is the want of a proper orchestra. Look how things are going on at home. There is a band of, say a hundred, or sixty, or forty musicians; the leader with the roll of paper in his hand gives the majestic sign; a whirlwind, a thunder of tones is coming forth; the minds of the audience, as well as that of the virtuoso, are wound up to a proportionate degree of elation; and lo! out of that chaos of tones emerges, like upon celestial wings, the glaring utterance of the virtuoso. He dwells some longer or shorter time in the regions of his fancy and imagination, and when he arrives at a certain stop, a mass of tones is echoing him, mingling, as it were, their joy with the applause and cheering of an electrified audience. How different to this are our present concerts! The tones of a Wallace, of a Chester, of a Miss Deane, are accompanied by the confounded scraping of some botching fiddler; and if there is not a superabundant stock of feeling in the minds of the principal performer, it is certainly not by this accompaniment that such can be ever elicited.

We want therefore a regular orchestra. We want a regular orchestra for the new theatre now erecting - we want one for each of our two cathedrals, &c. The colony is advanced enough, and the treasury is rich enough, that such and similar refinements might be now expected. It would be very expensive to have the performers written for from England, especially as fate, as it were, has cast on our shores a superabundance of musical talent. It was to such immigration of foreign talent, that in the middle ages the Italian states were indebted for that splendour in arts and sciences to which they finally arrived. It was not by sorcery and magic that they reached that splendour. It was because their Sir R. Bourke's, their H. McArthur's, their Sir J. Jamieson's, S. Terry's, &c. were men possessing national pride, and willing to give bread to such immigrants as well out of their own pocket as out of the public revenue. It is said, that the present governor is fond of music, and so it may be. But we beg leave to remind his excellency, that it is not by taking a few tickets that such national improvements as the above will ever be accomplished. If fate had cast during his reign painters on our shores - well, then it would have been in his power to give, in the first instance, this direction to the colony. As things stand now, it is in his hands to make it an eminently musical country."

The article ends with some specialties more for the consideration of the governor than of our readers.

The anonymous author of the article, thus lambasted and quoted at length, was the editor of The reformer, John Lhotsky.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette (20 September 1838), 3


"New Music", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1842), 3

"NEW MUSIC", Australasian Chronicle (29 October 1842), 2

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSIC", The Courier (18 November 1842), 1

[Advertisement], The Australian (1 March 1843), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1844), 1

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1844), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (6 February 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (19 April 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (26 April 1844), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (30 April 1844), 1

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 September 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1846), 1

"THE FANCY BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 July 1847), 2

"PROMENADE CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1849), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1849), 3

Yesterday morning, Alfred, fifth son of Mr. J. P. Deane, Elizabeth-street, aged 14 years and 4 months

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1849), 5


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 February 1853), 5

"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1855), 8

"DEPARTURE OF THEATRICALS", Sacramento Daily Union [USA] (23 April 1856), 2 

M'lle Duret, the actress; John Fairchild, the theatrical scene painter; John Dunn, the comedian; Geo. Loder and John Dean, musicians, depart this week on the ship Horizont for Australia.

"ARRIVALS", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (14 July 1856), 146 

July 8. - Horizont, American ship, 1200 tons, Captain Becker, from San Franscisco 27th April. Passengers - Mrs. C. N. Sinclair, Mademoiselle Marie Daret, Madame Lambert, Mr. and Mrs. Dean and child, Messrs. Sedley, Sawkie, J. E. Brown, G. Loder, J. Brown, and 40 in the steerage. Captain, agent.


[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1857), 1

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1858), 1 

On the 10th instant, at her residence, O'Connell-street, Mrs. Edward S. Deane, of a daughter.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1858), 10

MR. EDWARD DEANE, Professor of the Pianoforte Violin, Guitar, and Concertina, 13, O'Connell-street.

[George Loder], "RECOLLECTIONS OF CALIFORNIA & AUSTRALIA" [continued], The Musical World (14 August 1858), 515 

On the voyage from San Francisco to Sydney on the Horizont, 27 April to 8 July 1856.

... Among our passengers were a gentleman [John Deane (1820-1893)] and his wife [Annie Perrier], musicians, who were returning to their native land, Australia. They had a most lovely little girl of about seven months old: she was the pet of the whole ship, and in the warm tropical latitudes used to lie in a hammock on deck, and kick up her little legs, and crow with delight. We were not very far from the Navigator's Islands. It was a dead calm, and extremely hot, and all the passengers had been enjoying themselves upon the poop with song and jest, assisted by a decoction of my invention, the principal ingredients of which were Scotch whiskey, sugar, and lemon syrup; and I had retired at midnight to my virtuous pillow, when I was awakened by a friend who begged me instantly to rise, as the baby was dead or dying. We had no doctor on board, and I was generally looked up to as that functionary, and a few moments brought me on to the poop, where I found the little darling quite dead. Every effort was made to restore animation, but in vain. It seems that she had been left in the berth asleep, and the evening being so very calm no danger was apprehended, but the little pet had by some means got the pillow over her head and was smothered in her innocent sleep. But then came the awful scene. After the bustle incident upon our efforts to restore animation was over, a deathlike stillness seemed to close like a pall around us, a low convulsive sob from the agonised mother alone breaking the solemn silence, when with an awful yell like some wild beast in fearful agony, the father, who had been vacantly gazing at the corpse of his first born, sprung to the bulwarks, and had he not been restrained by the giant arm of the first mate, would have dashed himself into the sea. Those around seized him; but he was perfectly frantic, and for three hours experienced a succession of epileptic fits which were horrifying to witness. While in the paroxysms it took five strong men to hold him, although he was a very small and slight man. The convulsions were at last broken by the use of strong spirits of ammonia, and then I calmed the poor broken-hearted fellow with a strong dose of brandy and water, and an enormous pipe, and succeeded in getting him into a sound sleep, from which he did not awake until noon of the next day, weak and sore from his struggles, but apparently tranquil; but for several days we never suffered him to be alone. The calm still continued, and it was impossible for us to make the Island of Eowa (the nearest land) where we wished to bury the little innocent, and we had to resign it to the fathomless ocean; the carpenter made a little coffin, which was loaded heavily to sink it. And here I must relate a little trait of our captain, which really endeared him to us all, despite his dawdling propensities. He had some flowers in pots, which were a great delight to him and his dear little wife, and just before we closed the coffin lid, he cut up every one of his plants to decorate, in his own country's sweet and poetical custom, the sleeping infant: that man had a heart, and God bless and prosper him, wherever he may be.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1863), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1864), 12

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 January 1865), 3

"The Orpheonist Society ...", Empire (19 February 1866), 2

"SYDNEY", The Musical Times 12 (1 May 1866), 298

"VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT", Empire (14 January 1869), 2

1870 and after

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 June 1873), 1

On the 2nd instant, ROSALIE DEANE, widow of the late John Philip Deane, aged 73.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1879), 1

DEANE. - September 3, at his residence, Maitland House, Adolphus-street, Balmain, Edward Smith Deane, professor of music, second son of the late John Philip Deane.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1888), 1

DEANE - April 4 at Manly. Rosalie, eldest daughter of the late John Phillip Deane, formerly of Sydney, professor of music.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 March 1893), 1

DEANE - March 13, 1893 at his residence Union-street, Blue's Point, North Sydney, John Deane, Professor of music, aged 77 years; an old and well-respected resident of St. Leonards.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 November 1910), 10

DEANE. - November 22, 1910 at his late residence. Burwoodene, Waimea street, Burwood, William Deane, Solicitor, in his 85th year. By special request, no flowers.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1915), 10

DEANE. - At his late residence, Viola, Waimea-street, Burwood, Charles Muzio, in his 84th year.

"LATE MR. C. M. DEANE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 July 1915), 10

LATE MR. C. M. DEANE. Mr Charles Muzio Deane died on the 13th instant at his residence Viola, Waimea street, Burwood, in his 84th year. He was a native of Hobart, Tasmania, and was associated with the firm of Messrs. Montefiore, Joseph, and Co. in early life. About 1871 he was appointed accountant to the Prothonotary of the Supreme Court, a position which he retained till his retirement on a pension about 19 years ago. In 1864 Mr. Deane with others, headed a petition for the incorporation of Darlington as a municipality. The petition was granted and the first meeting of the electors was held at the John Bull Inn Newtown road, on September 16 1864, Mr. Deane was elected one of the aldermen and he signed the minutes as chairman till 1867. About 1872 he removed to Burwood and remained their till his death. He continued his municipal connection with Darlington for two years. In 1874, when the Burwood Municipality was formed, Mr. Deane was elected an alderman. As a musician he was in the foremost rank and he was first violinist at most of the musicial societies of 30 years ago. His brother, John Deane, was also prominent as a conductor, and another brother, Edward, was a well known 'cellist. Mr Deane, in the pioneer days of volunteering, did five years service, for which he, in common with others, received a Government land grant of 50 acres. His funeral took place at the Necropolis, in the Church of England section of the Cemetery, on Wednseday. He left a family of three sons and four daughters.

"Musical Gossip", Evening News (30 May 1914), 7

Miss Grace Edward-Deane, the well-known teacher of singing and descendant of the Deane family that did so much for music in the early days here, is the the authoress of a musical comedy-drama, shortly to be produced here. The subject is Japanese and the title "Matsu." In addition to the plot, dialogues, snd scenario, Miss Deane is also responsible for the Incidental music.

"AMUSEMENTS. IN AID OF ST. LUKE'S HOSPITAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1920), 10

Musical works

The electro-biological schottische, composed by E. S. Deane (Sydney: W. J. Johnson, [1853])


Hall 1951-54

Orchard 1952

Wentzel 1966

Beedell 1992, 257 and note 144

. . . John Philip Deane had come to Hobart in 1822, apparently on a commercial venture with a cousin, who unfortunately drowned, leaving Deane without legal claim to their merchandise. That at least was the story as it came down through the family ([Footnote] 144 This was the story according to John Philip Deane's descendant, Mr. W. H. Deane, with whom I spoke in Sydney in 1976.


"DEANE, John Philip (1796-1849)", The Australian encyclopaedia . . . second edition (1958), volume 3, 218;view=1up;seq=262 

DEANE, John Philip (1796-1849), early musician, was born in London on 1st January 1896. He arrived at Hobart on 19th June 1822, intending to become a merchant, but apparently did not do so [sic]. A few years later her was appointed organist of St David's Church, Hobart. Deane and his family transferred to Sydney in 1836 and he and his daughter opened at studio in Terry's Buildings, Pitt Street, where they taught music. Within a few months of their arrival thet gave two concerts in Sydney, and subsequently the Deane family and Vincent Wallace (q.v.) were associated in the musical world of Sydney for a number of years [sic]. Deane died on 18th December 1849 and was survived by his widow (formerly Rosalie Smith) and a family. His son, John Deane, was conductor of the Sydney Philharmonic Society for many years and was active in Sydney's musical circles both as a conductor and violinist. When the Vocal and Harmonic Society [sic] was formed, in 1858, he was appointed orchestral leader.

G. T. Butler, Galamial Butler, a family history compiled (Hobart: [?]. 1961)

. . . [2] . . . In 1810, at the age of 27 years, he married Sarah Paine, the daughter of Edward Paine of Richmond, a livery taylor to George the Third . . . In 1819, Edward [Paine], Sarah's eldest brother, had set off [for] the Antipodes in the "David Shaw" to investigate openings in the export trade, returning to England two years later. The following year he sailed for Van Dieman's Land once again, this time taking with him his wife Georgina, whom he had just married, his brother Matthew, [and] one of his sisters [sic] and her husband, John Philip Deane . . . [Edward Paine drowned in a boating accident at Tinderbox Bay and] On 13th July, 1822, Edward's unhappy young widow . . . advertised notice of her application for Letters of Administration of her late husband's estate in the Hobart Town Gazette, and appointed her sister-in-law's husband, John Philip Deane, as her Attorney.

[3] When news of the tragic accident reached Gamaliel, he decided to go out to Van Dieman's Land himself . . . with some other person, [he also] had sunk the very considerable sum of £10,000 in a cargo of sugar which they had sent to Van Dieman's Land . . . [he also] decided to go to Van Dieman's Land himself to see what had become of the cargo . . . With the couple [Gamaliel and Sarah], when a Miss Leach, a cousin [sic] of Sarah Butler and her sister [sic], Mrs. J. P. Deane, and a Miss Georgina Ash, a god-child and ward of Sarah's . . . [on the Prince Regent, arriving July 1824]

[6] . . . On 1 August 1825, [Butler] put in a standard application for a free grant of land, [listing among his assets at that date] a "two story house and premises in Elizabeth Street called Waterloo Stores now in my occupation", [valued at £2,000], a house which had originally been built by John Philip Deane and which Gamaliel sold to the Crown for use as a police office in 1826 for £1,600 . . .

Ann K. Wentzel [Carr-Boyd], "Deane, John Philip (1796-1849)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

Peter Reynolds, "Broughton Hall Psychiatric Clinic", Dictionary of Sydney

Early residents - D. T. Dawson, William Deane, Springwood Historians Blog, posted 24 February 2011

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2018