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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–C

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–C", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 20 October 2017

- C -


Drum major (50th Regiment)

Died Sydney, NSW, 11 February 1839


"MR. FERNYHOUGH", The Colonist (7 December 1837), 7

We have been much amused with several caricatures on stone by Mr. Fernyhough, amongst which the drum-major of the 50th, who is so remarkable for the enormous size of his hat, is admirable.

"MILITARY FUNERAL", The Colonist (13 February 1839), 2

The Drum Major of the 50th Regiment, died in the Hospital on Monday last, after a few days' illness; and was interred with very respectable military honours. It appears that the last illness of the deceased was mingled with violent mental derangement. He was esteemed in the regiment as a valuable superintendent of the musical department, and had succeeded in bringing the band into a state of excellent discipline and efficiency.

"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Sydney Monitor (13 February 1839), 2

The Drum Major of the 50th Regiment, who died after a few days' illness and confinement in the military hospital on Monday afternoon, was buried yesterday at four o'clock, with the usual military honours. He had been in a state of delirium a few days previously, and it was found necessary to confine him in a strait waistcoat, to prevent him from laying violent hands upon himself.

[News], The Australian (14 February 1839), 2

Mr. Caddall the drum major of H. M. 50th Regiment, died in the Military Hospital on Monday last, having been in a state of mental derangement for several days previous to his decease, we are sorry to say from a late habit of intemperance. Mr. C was highly respected in the regiment, both by his officers and his comrades; was a particularly steady and active soldier, until unhappily for himself, and to the loss of the service, he acquired a habit of drinking which grew and fixed itself on him until it produced the melancholy result we have had to record. The body was attended to the burial ground by the whole regiment, and interred with full military honors. Whilst the temperance system is being gradually introduced into our Navy, we have not heard of a similar praiseworthy attempt in the military department, at least not exclusively confined to the Regiments. With the fearful and disgraceful fact of nineteen soldiers being confined in the gaol for offences, no doubt committed under the influence of spirit, it is singular that some such attempt is not made by the commanding officers of the Regiments.

"DRUM MAJOR OF THE 50TH", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (16 February 1839), 4 


Band of the 50th Regiment (first tour)

CAFLISCH, William Arthur

Pianist, music teacher, choral conductor, composer

Born 1856/7
Died Launceston, TAS, 14 July 1938, aged 81


He received tuition in harmony, counterpoint, orchestration and conducting from Leon Caron. Composer, teacher, conductor and pianist. Founded the Brisbane Apollo Club and was its conductor for 25 years.


"LOCAL LAND BOARD", Kilmore Free Press (26 April 1877), 2

[News], The Brisbane Courier (17 July 1885), 5

Mr. Caflisch is a modest and unpretentious performer of considerable ability. His rendering of Favarger's "Oberon" gave promise of something better, and this promise was fulfilled when, in a delightful reverie, Mr. Caflisch displayed his peculiar skill as a composer. The title of the reverie - "Broken Dreams" - aptly described the character of the work. Its splendid chords, and the delicious bits of melody which were constantly changing held the large audience in a spell until released therefrom by the performer. The applause which followed was the heartiest of the evening, and the pianist was obliged to perform another solo.

"MUSICAL NOTES", The Brisbane Courier (25 July 1885), 1s

"DEATHS", Examiner (15 July 1938), 1

"OBITUARY", Examiner (15 July 1938), 8


Musical works: Good night (words by G. F. Scott; music by W. A. Caflisch)

The fisher boy (words by Cristabel; music by W. A. Caflisch)

Grey eyes (words by Archibald Birt; music by W. A. Caflisch)

The delightful gavotte (for piano by W. A. Caflisch)

CAILLIAU, Francois Octavien (also incorrectly CAILLIAN)

Conductor, composer

Active NZ, February 1880
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 31 March 1884 (per Archer, from Cooktown, NZ)
Died ? Sydney, NSW, 1907


Teacher of piano and singing

Born Ireland, 1857
Died Auckland, NZ, 18 December 1932

CAILLIAU, Francesca (Miss CAILLIAU; Madame F. PERRY)

Teacher of violin


[News], New Zealand Herald (28 February 1880), 4

"CAPTAIN BWEICKE AND M. PELTZER", New Zealand Herald (4 March 1880), 6

"THE DEPORTES", Auckland Star (24 February 1880), 3

"THEATRE ROYAL", Auckland Star (1 October 1881), 2

"ARRIVALS", Evening News (31 March 1884), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1884), 3

[Advertisement], Evening News (20 June 1884), 1

INTONATION. TIME. VOCALISE. EXPRESSION. Professor CAILLIAU, ex-éleve of the Conservatoire of Music of Paris, Member of the Society of the Authors and Composers of France, late Conductor of the Auckland and Philharmonic and Operatic Societies, will commence music tuition next Monday, at Paling and Co., George-street. Terms: (including music for home studies), 3 guineas per quarter, in advance. Harmony, mathematic system, 6 guineas per quarter. One hour lesson weekly.

"Singing Class", Evening News (6 September 1884), 6

"Singing Classes", Evening News (25 April 1885), 4

"CAILLIAU'S SINGING CLASSES", Evening News (26 March 1886), 3

[Advertisement], Globe (15 June 1886), 1

[Advertisement], The Daily News (7 January 1887), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 January 1894), 13

"PARS ABOUT PEOPLE", Observer (28 September 1907), 4

Henrietta [Brabazon] was married to Monsieur Cailliau, a talented French musician, and, by a strange coincidence, news of this gentleman's death at Sydney is also to hand. M. Cailliau arrived here with a party of French deportes, or political prisoners, early in the eighties. Their offence was that they had taken an active part in the Commune after the Franco-Prussian war. With a compatriot named Villevall, who was a printer, M. Cailliau established a small musical journal named the New Zealand Muse, which met with some success, until the proprietors differed and agreed to separate. Cailliau, who had held the position of conductor in the Grand Opera House in Paris, was enthusiastic in his profession, and it was he who, being attracted by their voices, gave free tuition to Miss Cicely Staunton and Miss Gribble, and established them in musical careers. It will also be remembered that he produced the opera of "The Barber of Seville" in Auckland with amateur talent trained by himself.

"PASSENGERS BY THE MANUKA", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1907), 8

"DIVORCE COURT. PERRY V. PERRY", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1909), 10

"FATALITIES, AUCKLAND", Otago Daily Times (14 June 1910), 6

"FOUND ON THE BEACH. BODY NOT IDENTIFIED", New Zealand Herald (21 June 1910), 5

The body of an unknown man was washed up on the Northcote beach yesterday afternoon. It apparently had been three or four days in the water. The body has not yet been identified, though in the hat the deceased had been wearing is written the name of "S. O. Caillain" or "F. O. Caillian." His age was between 40 and 50 years.

Bibliography and resources:"Cailliau+f+o"


Keturah Campbell (pupil of Professor F. O. Cailliau)

CAILLY, Clarisse (Mary Madeline Clarisse CAILLY; Madame CAILLY)

Soprano vocalist, teacher of singing

Born Anvers, France
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 10 December 1855
Departed Sydney, NSW, by July 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Opera has resumed at the Royal, Madame Carandini and Messiuers Coulon and Barre sustaining the principal parts. Norma is to be presented to-night, Madame Cailly, formerly of the Brussels Opera, and recently prima donna at Lima and Valparaiso, who has lately arrived in Melbourne taking the part of Norma and Signor Paolo Borsotti that of Oroveso." Arriving at the same time as Anna Bishop, Madame Cailly spent the next year and a half touring Australia to not inconsiderable critical acclaim.


"THEATRICAL ON DITS", The Argus (10 December 1855), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (31 December 1855), 5

"THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL", The Argus (9 January 1856), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (9 January 1856), 6

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (10 January 1856), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (15 January 1856), 5

"THETARE ROYAL", The Argus (21 January 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 April 1856), 8

"MADAME CAILLY AND THE THEATRE ROYAL. To the Editor", The Argus (24 January 1856), 6

"MADAME CLARISSE CAILLY", South Australian Register (9 May 1856), 2

"MADAME CAILLY'S CONCERT AT NEALE'S EXCHANGE", South Australian Register (10 May 1856), 4

"MADAME CAILLY", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1856), 5

"OUR LYCEUM THEATRE", Empire (22 August 1856), 4


[Advertisement], Empire (20 December 1856), 1

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1857), 4

"THE OPERA-LUCIA DE LAMMERMOOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1857), 2


[Advertisement], Empire (7 July 1857), 1


Bibliography and resources:

George Martin, Verdi at the Golden Gate: opera and San Francisco in the gold rush years (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1993),  58, 101

Susana Salgado, The Teatro Solí­s: 150 years of opera, concert, and ballet in Montevideo (Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2003), 36-38


Pianist, harpist, organist, music teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1862 and until ? 1883


Pianist, organist, music teacher


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1862), 1 

SINGING.- A Lady is desirous of giving finishing LESSONS in the above accomplishment. She has been a pupil of De Castro, Grisi, and Finlay Dunn. For terms and further particulars apply to Mrs. CALDWELL, professor of music, 213, Crown-street, Surry Hills, four doors off South Head Road.

"MRS. CALDWELL'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1864), 4

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1879), 10 

THE FRIENDS of MARY THEOBALD, relict of the late Mr. Robert Bishop Theobald, are respectfully in- formed, that her Funeral will move from the residence of Mrs. Caldwell, 27, Botany-street, Surry Hills ...


Musician, band master (former master of the band of the 57th Regiment, ? )

Active VIC, by 1858
? Died Melbourne, VIC, June 1877


[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (26 March 1858), 5 

"Amateur Band", Mount Alexander Mail (9 April 1858), 5

? "Funeral Notices", The Argus (13 June 1877), 8


Band of the 57th Regiment


Bass vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840s


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (16 October 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 May 1845), 1

CALLEN, Douglas (Douglas CALLEN; George Douglas CALLEN; George Douglass CALLEN)

Bandmaster, orchestral and choral conductor, violinist, composer

Born ? Lichfield, Staffordshire, England, 1813
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by November 1854
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 6 May 1879 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



Family histories of his children by his second wife report that Callen was born in 1813, in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England.

Callen and his band of the 12th regiment arrived in Melbourne by late October 1854. While in December 70 rank-and-file of the 12th were sent to Ballarat to the Eureka stockade, Callen and his bandsmen seem to have had ample opportunity to pursue other professional engagements in Melbourne. That month, Callen advertised he would "receive Pupils for Instruction on the Guitar, Pianoforte, Violin, and in Harmony and Composition".

In June 1855 at the Theatre Royal, Callen, who was conducting the orchestra there, took a benefit at which the theatre and regimental bands combined to play "a new Overture, entitled Le Theatre Royal" (though the Argus found it "difficult to understand why it could not have been called The Theatre Royal"). Another Overture, Lara was performed at a spring garden show in Hobart in 1857. Callen repeated it in Sydney in 1860, at a Sydney Philharmonic Society concert, when the review, rightly or wrongly, described it as:

... the overture to the opera of "Lara", by Mr. Callen, an easy and pleasing piece of music, and better adapted for performance by the orchestra of the Society than works of greater instrumental difficulty.

Unfortunately, neither overture, let along the putative opera, survive; leaving Callen represented today only by a few shorter, published works.

In succession to Charles Stier, in Sydney in the 1850s and 1860s he conducted first Australian performances of several major Classical symphonies and other orchestral works, and operas.


[Advertisement], Hampshire Advertiser (21 April 1832), 1

SOUTHAMPTON MUSICAL ASSOCIATION ... will give ANOTHER CONCERT at the LONG ROOMS, on Wednesday Evening, 25th April, 1832 ... PART I ... Solo - Clarionet - Mr. Springett, selected and arranged by ... G. D. Callen ...

[Advertisement], Hampshire Advertiser (10 November 1832), 3

THEATRE ROYAL, SOUTHAMPTON. MR. G. D. CALLEN respectfully informs the Nobility, Gentry, and Inhabitants of Southampton and its environs, that his BENEFIT will take place on WEDNESDAY EVENING NEXT, when will be Performed an admired Comic Opera, in Three Acts, called ROBIN HOOD; or, THE MERRY ARCHERS . . . In the course of the Evening, a variety of MUSIC, SINGING, &c. which will expressed in Bills on the day. Tickets to had of Mr. Callen, 13, West-street ...

"ROMSEY", Salisbury and Winchester Journal (23 December 1833), 4

A Concert for the benefit of R. Limpus, the leader of our amateur bund, who about to remove to Winchester, took place hist night the Town-hall, under the patronage of Lord Palmerston, and was most respectably attended. Miss Smith, the organist at the Abbey Church, presided with much ability at the pianoforte, and Mr. G. D. Callen, of Southampton, was the conductor. The vocal and instrumental pieces were exceedingly well executed, and the concert gave general satisfaction.

[Advertisement], Hampshire Telegraph (8 December 1834), 4

PORTSMOUTH & PORTSEA THEATRE ... Leader of the Band, Mr. G. D. CALLEN ...

[Advertisement], Hampshire Advertiser (30 April 1836), 2

VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT. THE MEMBERS of the SOUTHAMPTON AMATEUR MUSICAL SOCIETY, have the honour of informing the Nobility, Gentry, and Inhabitants of Southampton, that assisted in the Vocal Department by Messrs. Bishop, Barnard, Knight, and Lomer, they intend giving a VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT at the LONG ROOMS, on Tuesday evening, May the 3rd, 1836. in aid of the funds of the SOUTHAMPTON DISPENSARY.
Mr. G. HAMMOND will preside at the Piano-forte.
... CONCERTO - Vioiin, Mr. G. D. Callen ... Mayseder
... GRAND OVERTURE - "Siege of Rochelle," (first time in Southampton.) ... Balfe
PART II. Overture - (MS.) first time of performance ... G. D. Callen
... FANTASIA - Spanish Guitar, Mr. G. D. Callen ... Huerta
... OVERTURE - "Italiana in Algieri" ... Rossini ...

[Advertisement], Hampshire Advertiser (24 July 1841), 1

MR. G. D. CALLEN, Professor of Music, 40, High street, Southampton, RETURNS thanks his Friends for the encouragement he has received during the last Ten years, and begs respectfully to acquaint them, that he intends settling in Southampton, when he will be happy to receive any commands they may be pleased to honor him with.

Mr. C. has engaged a superior Band for Quadrille and other Parties, and from his long experience in conducting an Orchestra, he is confident it will compete with, it not surpass, any out of London; any number of Performers can be supplied on the most reasonable terms. He likewise begs to recommend, for Small Parties, a peculiar combination of Six Instruments, for which he has expressly arranged all the most Fashionable Music, and which will be found more effective than ordinary Bands of greater numbers. He will also be happy to attend, as usual, for the Piano-forte, if required.

An Excellent Military Band of Brass or other Wind Instruments.

Tuition on the Piano Forte, Violin, Guitar, &c. and in Thorough Bass and Composition. Music arranged in Score or in separate parts.

[News], Hampshire Advertiser (19 February 1842), 3

The Members of the Winchester Philharmonic Society gave a concert and ball on Thursday evening, at the large room at the White Hart Hotel ... Mr. G. D. Callen presided at the piano-forte ...

"THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (1 November 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 November 1854), 7

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1860), 1

On the 20th instant, at Paddington, after a long and painful illness, Charlotte Amelia, the beloved and deeply lamented wife of Douglas Callen, Esq., B.M. 12th Regiment.

"Philharmonic Society", Empire (6 August 1860), 8

We cannot avoid expressing the hope that the engagement of Mr. Douglas Callen, as conductor of the Philharmonic Society was not merely a temporary one for the first concert of the Season (as formerly intimated), but that this gentleman may still continue to act as the musical director. The very superior manner in which the orchestra performed the two overtures ("Lara" a composition of Mr. Callen's, and Balfe's "Siege of Rochelle") on Monday evening must have been evident to the most superficial and non-musical observer. Mr. Callen is a thorough musician; himself a master of many instruments, he has, in his position of regimental bandmaster, for years been accustomed to orchestral arrangements, and to the uses to which each instrument can be applied; to the lessening or increasing the strength of an orchestra, and to the effects capable of being produced. The constant use of the bâton, and the military command he has acquired in wielding it, lend him peculiar facilities in imparting instruction to an amateur orchestra, in inspiring them with confidence in their own powers, and in accustoming them to feel the same confidence in his command; whilst his talents as a composer cause his aid to be particularly desirable in the arrangements for the limited orchestral power of the society, such a man was wanted, and we believe that numbers will flock to his standard.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1864), 1

On the 19th October, by special license, by the Rev. W. Spencer, M.A., at St. Matthias' Church, Paddington, G. D. Callen, Esq., to Mary Ann, second daughter of the late Henry Allen Graves.

"The Orpheonist Society ...", Empire (19 February 1866), 2

"SYDNEY", The Musical Times 12 (1 May 1866), 298

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 May 1879), 1

CALLEN. May 6, at his residence at 548, Bourke-street, Lieutenant George Douglas Callen, late bandmaster of her Majesty's 12th Regiment, and the highly esteemed director of the Headquarters Band, and the highly esteemed conductor of the Civil Service Musical Society.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1879), 4

At St. Andrew's Cathedral, on Sunday, a special musical service was given, in token of respect to the memory of the late Lieutenant G. D. Callen. The service commenced with Beethoven's Funeral March in A flat minor. The Magnificat and Nunc Dimittis in E flat, by Lieutenant Callen, followed . . .

"The Critic", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 May 1879), 41

Mr. Douglas Callen, an old resident, and one of our first musical professors, has answered "adsum" to a call to attend the majority. He was bandmaster of the 12th Regiment, conductor of the Philharmonic Society, Orpheonist Society, and the Permanent Force Band. He published many compositions of merit. Mr. Callen was highly esteemed in private life as an amiable and most intelligent gentleman.

"OBITUARY. LIEUTENANT CALLEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 May 1879), 7

Lieutenant Callen was the well-known and talented conductor of the Artillery Band and the Headquarters Band. It appears Mr. Callen had been for some time suffering from disease of the heart, but still was able to keep about until the 5th instant. Early on the following Tuesday morning, while sitting up in a chair, for his complaint would not allow him to lie down, he found himself near his end, and calling his family about him calmly wished them farewell, and then quietly expired. The deceased gentleman was for many years connected with the army. He came out to Tasmania in 1854 [recte Melbourne in 1854, later Tasmania], in the capacity of bandmaster to the 12th Regiment. After some time he removed to Sydney, where he remained ever since, and where he became a great favourite with the music-loving portion of the public. Deceased was buried with military honours, at Randwick. The New South Wales Artillery furnished a firing party of one sergeant, one trumpeter, and forty rank and file under command of Lieutenant Airey. The remainder of the New South Wales Artillery staying at Headquarters, in charge of H. Le Patourel, also followed in procession, the whole being under command of Major Spalding. The officers present in addition to those mentioned were Colonel Richardson, Commandant, and his Staff - Major Christie, Major Baynes, Captain Compton - Colonel Roberts (Commander of the Artillery Forces of the colony), Major Murphy, Captain Murray, Captain Mackenzie, Staff-Surgeon Bedford, Captain Strong, Captain M'Cutcheon, Lieutenant Hill. Major Baynes superintended the funeral arrangements. The procession formed opposite deceased's home, in the following order: - Firing party, bands, gun-carriage, Volunteer Force, officers according to seniority. In this order the cortege proceeded to the Randwick Cemetery, the New South Wales Artillery Band and the Headquarters Volunteer Band playing funeral marches. The funeral ceremony was most impressive, and at its close the firing party fired a funeral salute of three volleys, the trumpets sounding after each volley.

Works online:

Il Trovatore galop (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1859])

The Sydney Herald polka Supplement to The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1863)

Manly Beach galop ("for the 1st Sydney Volunteer Rifles") (Sydney: Wilkie, Elvy & Co., [1863])

Molly Asthore valse ("Founded on M. Lavenu's favorite ballad. Composed expressly for Her Majesty's Birthday Ball held at Government House, Sydney, May 25th, 1858") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1858])

Another edition: The Molly Asthore waltzes (Melbourne: Reading & Wellbank, [186-?])

The Rosalind schottische ("dedicated to Miss Aldis by the composer") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1859])

Bibliography and resources:

Librettos for works performed by the Civil Service Musical Society, Sydney (SL-NSW)


Band of the 12th Regiment

Sydney Philharmonic Society

Sydney Rifle Volunteers Band

Civil Service Musical Society

CALON, Edward Franciscus

Professor of music, choral conductor, organist, piano tuner

Active Victoria, by March 1867
Died ?, after 20 January 1902


On 16 March 1867, the Argus reported: "At the Hamilton Police Court on Tuesday, Emille Calon, professor of music, was charged with attempting to poison himself with strychnine". The report evidently confused the memory of the eminent singer Emile Coulon (see below), who toured Australia extensively in the 1850s, with Calon, the first known mention of a musician soon after active in Adelaide. There in September 1867 he was accused (and acquitted) of collecting monies under false pretences, and in November he appeared in a public lecture and concert in aid of renovations of the Port Adelaide Catholic Church, on which occasion: "The Glee Class in Adelaide have been entrusted with the entire Musical portion of the programme, under the direction of Herr Edward Calon". He was in Melbourne in May 1869, advertising as "M. Edouard Calon", with James Snelling offering "operatic music" to accompany comic and animal acts at the Polytechnic Hall. By September, he was in Sale advertising as a professor of music, where he was also organist of St. Paul's Church. A year later, however, it was reported: "Edward Calon, of Sale, professor of music. Causes of insolvency: Falling off in practice, loss of pupils, and failure of promises of support in his profession. Liabilities, £52 4s 1d; assets, £28 10s". An Edward Franciscus Calon married Maria Hales at St. James's Cathedral, Melbourne on 8 February 1873. He and his wife were at Sandhurst near Bendigo from around 1875, where Calon was reportedly teacher of a talented young violinist, George Allpress, aged 11 and a half (later known was George Rivers Allpress). Calon's name appears under a public testimonial for "Professor Stanich, Palestinian Aurist" published in Camperdown, and in which Calon writes: "To Professor Stanich. Dear Sir, Having been deaf in my right ear for some time, I was induced to place myself under your treatment, and I am glad indeed to assure you that after a few operations at your hands, my hearing has been completely restored ...". Stanich also ran Calon's testimonial in advertisements in Wellington, NZ, suggesting, probably erroneously, that Calon himself was then also in New Zealand. Calon is last reported as victim of a robbery at in 1902.


[News], The Argus (16 March 1867), 4

[???], The South Australian Advertiser (10 September 1867), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 November 1867), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 May 1869), 8

[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (25 September 1869), 1

[News], Gippsland Times (6 September 1870), 2

"MARRIED", The Argus (12 February 1873), 4

"A YOUNG MUSICIAN", The Maitland Mercury (28 September 1876), 3

[Advertisement], Camperdown Chronicle (5 January 1878), 4

[Advertisement], Evening Post (3 January 1878), 3

MUSIC- Mons. EDOUARD FRANCOIS CALON, who has just arrived from Melbourne, and who possesses the highest testimonials, begs to announce his intention to settle in Wellington as a Teacher of the Pianoforte and Singing. For terms, apply at Mr. Bonnington's Music Warehouse.

[Advertisement], Evening Post (15 July 1878), 3

"MONS. CALON AND THE HAMILTON BAND", Waikato Times (5 July 1881), 3

[Advertisement], Auckland Star (14 February 1900), 7

"BENDIGO", The Argus (20 January 1902), 9

CALDICOTT, Mrs. (Mrs. Caldicott)



CALDICOTT, Harriet (Henrietta Harriet; Mrs. S. D. WASTELL)

Pianist, music teacher

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1858
Died Glenelg, SA, 28 January 1913, aged 76


"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (28 April 1858), 3

... Miss Saunders, a young lady, a pupil from the Royal Academy of Music, next made her debut before a South Australian audience. She possesses a fine voice highly cultivated ... Miss Saunders was accompanied by Miss Caldicott, an accomplished pianist ...

Her cousin and later also sister-in-law

"ST. PAUL'S CHURCH CONVERSAZIONE", South Australian Register (23 October 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (24 November 1858), 1

Recte Mrs. Caldicott, late Emma Saunders

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (21 March 1861), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (2 July 1861), 1

"DEATHS", The Register (29 January 1913), 6 


? English composer

Active London, 1834


Calvert, who may never have visited Australia, composed the music for the first South Australian song (copy at NLA), sung in London in 1834 even before the colony itself was established.


"THE EMIGRANT'S FAREWELL. Sung at the Dinner of the South Australian Colonists, September 3 [1834]", The Australian (6 February 1835), 4

"The Emigrants' Farewell. Sung at the Dinner of the South Australian Colonists, September 3rd. [1834]", The Sydney Monitor (7 March 1835), 4

Musical works:

The emigrant's farewell (words: Robert Gouger Esq.) ([London]: [?], [1834?])

CALZODA, Florence

See Florence BEVERLEY


Amateur musician, memoirist, novelist

Born St. Germans, Norfolk, England, 21 November 1844
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, August 1870
Died Melbourne, VIC, 19 July 1926

Works: Ada Cambridge, Thirty years in Australia (London: Methuen & Co., 1903), 90-92

Having been a fervid young churchwoman at home, where I district-visited in the most exemplary manner, with tracts and soup-tickets and all the rest of it, for my own pleasure, parish work, when it became my business, was not at all irksome as such. And there was one part of it which was a source of great enjoyment during the three years that we lived in Y - - - -. It was the training of the choir. At first, with much nervousness and diffidence, I taught hymns and chants for an hour a week, and played them at the Sunday services in the midst of my little band, which had never conceived of higher flights. But ambition was generated in us as we warmed to our work. Recruits arrived from far and near, some of whom could read music, and we spread ourselves in an occasional anthem. There have been, and are, many thousands of choirs as pleased with themselves as we were, but never was there one more harmonious, in every sense of the word. To the best of my recollection we never had a tiff, and such was the attraction of our meetings that no weather--rain, storm, mud, darkness--could keep away the men (some of them quite elderly), who had to tramp miles through the Bush, after a hard day's work, to attend them. Especially in the winter.   For when winter came, and the church was cold, I had the practices in the house, with piano accompaniment. The bright log fire--firewood is the one thing we have always been extravagant in, on principle--and the much-pillowed amateur sofa, and the chairs collected from the general stock and grouped invitingly, made the homely drawing-room a good, thawing sort of place for the storm-buffeted to come to and to sing in. Most carefully were wet wraps and umbrellas left outside, and boots rubbed and scrubbed on door-mats; and never did an evening-party show itself better bred. For that is what the choir practice came to--a "musical evening" once a week. We fell into the habit of clearing off the chants and hymns rather hastily, and devoting the bulk of our ever-extending time to experiments in the higher forms of part-singing. We were not experts, any of us, but we made up in enthusiasm what we lacked in knowledge, and ended by so distinguishing ourselves that the fame of our performances has not died out in the district yet. For although on pleasure bent, we kept an eye to business, and selected music with the secondary view of getting anthems out of it eventually. Our great achievement was Mozart's Twelfth Mass. It took us a long time, but we fumbled through it from beginning to end. And then we astonished the congregation with "Glorious is Thy Name," and "Praise the Lord, for He is Gracious," and other classic gems, as we got them perfectly. It was my first attempt at choir-leading and--which I am sure is a very good thing for my reputation--the last. Thenceforth the parson wielded the baton. The choir that now is, which could sing the Twelfth Mass straight off as easily as look at it, if it had never seen the thing before, would feel insulted at any comparison between their work and ours; but often, when I am listening to the evening anthem, the notes of those old voices, so fervid and sincere, float back upon the tide of memory from those old days, with a heart-melting power that these finished performances will never possess, for me . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Jill Roe, "Cambridge, Ada (1844-1926)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)


Actor, singer, theatre manager, concert presenter

Born Worcester, UK, November 1809
Arrived Hobart, 17/18 September 1833 (per Lochiel from Leith, 13 April)
Died Lutwyche, Brisbane, QLD, 23 April 1892, in her 83rd year


Samson Cameron (1811-1891) and his wife Cordelia, veteran actors from the UK provincial circuit, first appeared for the opening of their Hobart Town Theatre in December 1833

Between the pieces, Mrs. Cameron sang the Swiss toy girl, there is a playfulness, and enchanting coquettishness in her voice and manner of address, which is highly pleasant-she is certainly not a first rate singer, and yet with the exception of Mrs. Taylor, we would sooner hear Mrs. Cameron, than any other vocalist in the Colony, not excepting Mrs. Davis - she was of course encored.

The opening was sadly marred by the death of their daughter that week. Though mainly remembered as an actor, Cameron continued to draw admiration as a vocalist. The Camerons made their Sydney debut in October 1836, at their second appearance in Clari, Mrs. Cameron singing Home, sweet home. The Camerons left Sydney for Adelaide in November 1839, accused of having left unpaid debts. They were back in Tasmania by late 1841, but, after suffering financial distress and Samson's insolvency (1842), announced they were leaving Australia to seek engagements in India and Hong Kong in mid 1844.


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (24 September 1833), 2

"HOBART TOWN NEWS", The Sydney Herald (10 October 1833), 2

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (13 December 1833), 3

"The Theatre", The Australian (16 December 1833), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (24 December 1833), 1

[News], Colonial Times (31 December 1833), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (31 December 1833), 1

"Van Dieman's Land News", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 January 1834), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 January 1836), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 October 1836), 2

"THEATRICAL SWINDLING", The Sydney Herald (13 November 1839), 2

"MR. AND MRS. CAMERON AND FAMILY", The Cornwall Chronicle (11 May 1844), 2

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (25 April 1892), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Fotheringham, Australian plays for the colonial stage: 1834-1899



Active Bathurst, NSW, 1849


In September 1849, Bathurst publican Phillip Wilde commissioned a Sydney agent "to engage for me a violin player". In October, Campaigne presented himself, and Wilde "finding him a very indifferent performer", told him his services were not required.


[Letter], Bathurst Free Press (22 December 1849), 6


Precentor, conductor of psalmody (Scotch Kirk, Hobart)

Active Hobart, 1842


"QUARTER SESSIONS", Colonial Times (5 April 1842), 3

CAMPBELL, Bessie (Elizabeth)

Banjo player, vocalist

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1870
Died Sydney, NSW, 1964


Summary (NLA):

Born Elizabeth Campbell, 1870, in Melbourne. A prodigy on the five string banjo, she was a pupil of Joe Daniels and the Americans Hosea Easton and later Walter Stent, who taught her different American systems of finger-picking, playing different arpeggio arrangements with the thumb and fingers. She did not use the plectrum. Bessie began to appear in charity concerts in Sydney about 1889. By 1897 she was acclaimed as Australia's greatest lady banjoist. During World War I, at the peak of her professional career she gave frequent performances for servicemen and the Australian Red Cross Society. After the war Bessie held benefit concerts and did various charitable work in Sydney. By the early 1930s arthritis made it difficult for her to play and she never made commercial recordings. She was a great follower of cricket. She died, unmarried in Sydney in 1964.


"Unemployed", Evening News (22 August 1892), 6

"BANJO AND MANDOLINE CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1894), 6

"American Banjo Club Concert", Evening News (28 August 1896), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Bessie Campbell, Banjo Queen: a collection of music programmes, ephemera relating to her career


Bandsman (Band of the 11th Regiment)

Died Sydney, NSW, 23 January 1855


"MILITARY FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1855), 5

Yesterday afternoon the mortal remains of John Leary, lately a corporal in the XI. regiment, who was accidentally drowned on Tuesday, and of James Campbell, lately a bandsman in the same regiment, were conveyed in two hearses to their final resting-place in the Cemetery at Camperdown. Campbell's death occurred as follows: He was a patient in the military hospital, and becoming light-headed in consequence of his malady, he threw himself out of the window of his ward into the square, a distance of nearly thirty feet, and died in an hour and a half afterwards. The hearses were preceded by a company of the 11th, in slow marching order, with arms reversed, followed by the band, fifers and drummers, with muffled drums, playing the Dead March. The deceased were followed by a train of mourning coaches and carriages, containing their relatives, and the numerous friends which they have made during the long period that the regiment has been quartered in this metropolis. Two companies of the regiment, without firelocks, followed, the captain of Leary's company bringing up the rear. Three volleys were fired by the firing party over the graves of -their departed comrades.

[Letter] "To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 January 1855), 5

Sir, In this day's issue appears an account of the death of James Campbell, late bandsman of the XIth Regiment; and as the statement given is not altogether correct, I would feel obliged by your giving insertion to the following particulars. James Campbell was admitted to hospital on the 20th instant, and getting light-headed from the malady with which he was afflicted, endeavoured to escape through the window of his ward, but was prevented. He therefore did not fall into the Barrack-square as stated. He died about 10 o'clock, a.m., on the 23rd instant. His remains were interred in the Roman Catholic Cemetry, Parramatta-street, having left a wife and a number of relatives to deplore his loss. I am, Sir, your most obedient humble servant, FELIX CAMPBELL. Sydney, January 25, 1855.


Band of the 11th Regiment


Violinist, viola player, pianist, music teacher

Active Perth, WA, by 1887 (from New Zealand)


[Advertisement], The Daily News (7 January 1887), 2

"STATION NOTES", The Advertiser (12 May 1928), 8

"A MUSICAL JUBILEE", The West Australian (20 February 1936), 11


Fremantle Orchestral Society (1887); "pupil of Professor F. O. Cailliau"



Active Sydney, October 1824 to c.July 1825


Dress-maker, musicseller

Active October 1824-October 1829


Not to be confused with the well-established Sydney general merchants, Robert Campbell senior and Robert Campbell junior, Robert Campbell was, for somewhat less than a year, Sydney's first dedicated music retailer. On the Portland, an Australian Company ship that departed from Leith, Scotland, on 1 April, the brother and sister Robert and Ann Campbell arrived in Hobart (via Rio de Janiero) on 10 September 1824. There Campbell is sure to have found, and probably come to know, the local music-seller John Philip Deane. Then, on 3 October, the Campbells sailed on with the same ship to Sydney, arriving on 16 October. Having found premises at 93 George-street, the pair placed their first advertisements (respectively as a music-seller, and dress-maker "late of Regent-Street, St. James's, London) in The Sydney Gazette on 28 October. At his "MUSIC & MUSICAL INSTRUMENT WARE HOUSE", due to open on 1 November, Campbell offered

the most extensive and elegant assortment of Musical Instruments and printed Music ever imported into this Colony, consisting of piano fortes, organs, every description of flutes, fifes, clarinets, bugles, flageolets, guitars, violins, violoncellos, Aeolian harps, &c. &c. Also, a. choice selection of new Music by the most favorite composers, all of which will be sold on the most reasonable terms ... the whole were carefully selected by himself, while in the employment of the respectable house of Messrs. Clementi and Co. Cheapside, London ...

In the same issue, the Gazette editorialised:

"Music hath charms to soothe the savage breast,
To soften rocks, and bend the knotted oak."

We cannot avoid noticing the new and much needed Establishment, just formed by Mr. Robert Campbell, only lately from London, and who with Miss Campbell (his sister) came passenger on the Portland. Such an advertisement as that of Mr. Campbell, appearing in our front page of to-day, never before adorned the pages of the SYDNEY GAZETTE ...

In a second advertisement in mid-December, music was pushed to the bottom of the list of items for sale behind a "rich selection" of imported dress items and fabrics. In April, Campbell announced he was also opening a Circulating Library, possibly on the pattern of John Philip Deane's Hobart establishment, and during the King's Birthday Races, toward the end of the month, held a Race Ball and Supper at his rooms, at which the music was provided by Captain Piper's Band; his liberality in donating the left-over food to the Benevolent Asylum was duly noted.

Also at King's Birthday, Joseph Reichenberg's Australian quadrilles were advertised for sale at Campbell's. However, in July, Campbell advertised that he had appointed an agent to collect bad debts, and he and his business disappear from the record thereafter. Last mention of him appears in an advertisement for sale at Lord's Waterloo stores of "huckabacks, diapers, dimities, muslins, cambrics, thread lace, concert flutes, &c. the property of Mr. Robert Campbell, musician, and sold for his profit or loss, for the benefit of his creditors".

Ann Campbell, however, continued to sell music and instruments at the same premises, and later from 36-Pitt street, as late as June 1826. Her business finally went into trusteeship in October 1829. Meanwhile, from his arrival from London in mid-1825, John Edwards effectively took over as Sydney's leading music seller.


[News], Hobart Town Gazette (10 September 1824), 2

[News], Hobart Town Gazette (17 September 1824), 2

"SHIP NEWS", The Australian (21 October  1824), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 October 1824), 1

also [Advertisement], The Australian (28 October 1824), 1

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 October 1824), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (9 December 1824), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 March 1825), 4

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 April 1825), 2

"THE RACE BALL AND SUPPER", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 April 1825), 2

[3 advertisements, 2 x Campbell, 1 x Reichenberg], The Australian (28 April 1825), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette (7 July 1825), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 July 1825), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (2 February 1826), 1

[Advertisement], The Monitor (2 June 1826), 1s

[Advertisement], The Australian (7 October 1829), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 October 1829), 1


Church musician, choral class instructor

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1841-42


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (20 July 1841), 1

Sacred Music. WILLIAM CAMPBELL, Leader of Sacred Music in St. Andrew's Church, intends opening a Class for teaching Sacred Music in all its parts, so soon as a sufficient number of pupils will come forward . . . N.B. Wanted, Two good bass, three treble, one tenor, and one counter-tenor Singers, who will be liberally paid. Hobart Town, July 19, 1841

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (1 February 1842), 2

Wanted Immediately, THREE or four respectable Females, with good voices, to sing in the Choir of St. Andrew's Church, to whom a liberal salary will be allowed. Apply to William Campbell, 55, Elizabeth-street. January 28, 1842. 217


Succeeded Daniel Williams as leader of sacred music at St. Andrew's Church Hobart


Dancer, actor, professor of dancing

Born c.1814/15
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by January 1846
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), by September 1846
Married Louisa Hayes, Baptist Chapel, Launceston, 23 June 1853
Died Richmond, TAS, 15 February 1860, aged 46 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (6 January 1846), 1 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE ... WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 7, 1846. MR. CAMPBELL, The celebrated Dancer, originally of the Theatres Edinburgh, Glasgow, &c, lately from the American Theatres, will have the honour of making his debut on the above Evening ...

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (13 January 1846), 3

... We had nearly forgotten to notice the new actor, Mr. Campbell, an omission we by no means intended to make, inasmuch as we are of opinion that Mr. Campbell is a decided acquisition to the Theatre; he walks the stage with the step of an experienced actor, his action is good, and his by-play excellent; his voice, however, is rather deficient, but we understand he is at present labouring under a severe cold; be this so or not, ho is a most useful adjunot to the company ...

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (17 February 1846), 1 

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (27 March 1846), 1

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE ... MONDAY, MARCH 30, 1846 ... The Interlude will consist of A NEW IRISH JIG, (Arranged by Mr. Campbell), MISS A. CLARKE ...

"THE THEATRE", The Cornwall Chronicle (9 September 1846), 691 

... Mr. Campbell deserves a compliment for the proficiency of his pupil Walker, whose "Sailor's Hornpipe" was remarkably well done, and would do credit to any stage.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (30 September 1848), 61

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (7 October 1848), 78

Fashionable Dancing and Ball-room Etiquette!!! WM. CAMPBELL, Professor of Dancing, Begs to return thanks, to his numerous friends and the public generally, for the support rendered him since his commencement; and at the same time, intimates that he has taken, for the better accommodation of his pupils, The "Cornwall Assembly Rooms," where his classes will meet every Monday and Wednesday at the usual hours.

Wm. Campbell (pupil of the celebrated "Angelo," Professor of Fencing, at the Long Rooms, Bond-street, London) will give tuition in that art; also, the Broad Sword Exercise, and other branches of the gymnastics.

Terms as usual, payable in advance.

W. C. begs to intimate to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Perth, and Longford, that be intends visiting those places professionally once a week, to commence on Saturday next, the 7th of October. For other particulars, enquire at the "Cornwall Hotel", Launceston; the "Queen's Head", Perth, and Mr. Clyne's, Longford, Sept. 30.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (22 December 1849), 1018

Marriages in the district of Launceston, 1853; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:849678; RGD37/1/12 no 1160 

Deaths in the district of Richmond, 1860; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1202051; RGD35/1/29 no 935 

No 307/935 / 15th Feby. '60 / William Campbell / 46 yrs / Dancing Master / Accidental Injuries Verdict Coroner's Inquest ...

"RICHMOND", Launceston Examiner (18 February 1860), 4

FATAL ACCIDENT. - An Inquest was held at the Union Hotel, Richmond, to enquire into the cause of the death of Mr. William Campbell, professor of dancing, late of Hobart Town, who was killed on the 15th Instant. From the evidence brought forward it appeared that Mr. Campbell had been residing at Brighton, and a few days ago made arrangements with John Campbell of that place, who has two bullocks that work in harness like horses, to take his furniture, wife and three young children to Sorell, where he was going to reside, and for this purpose got as far as Richmond; stopping the night at Mr. Cullogh's, and left for their intended new house about 9 o'clock on the following morning, Mrs. Campbell and the children riding on the top of the load, the deceased and driver (J. Campbell) walking. After passing the first gate, about a mile from Richmond, there is a rise of a hill, which the leading bullock was not willing to ascend. The driver stopped his team and took him out as the other was able to take up the load, and while securing the bullock to a tree about twelve yards distant, Mr. Campbell got upon the dray, probably with the intention of securing something on it, for he was seen pulling at a rope (Mrs. Campbell and the children got out to walk up the hill where they first stopped). By some means he fell from the dray on the bullock, whose head was rather towards Richmond. The animal immediately started off at a fearful pace down the hill, dragging the deceased under the cart, and it was not until it was stopped at the gate before mentioned that any aid could be afforded to the unfortunate deceased. He was found to have a portion of the rope fastening the load round the ankle of one of his legs, by which he was borne along at a headlong pace. The deceased was not quite dead when Campbell got up to him and cut the rope, and the body fell on the ground. He spoke to deceased, who asked to be raised up he then said, "take me away from this place;" to which Campbell replied, "lay your head down and be quiet till I go into Richmond for medical and other assistance." Mrs. Campbell and the children by this time returned to the spot, and a scene ensued that baffles description. It was ultimately found that his thigh was broken, as well as receiving injuries about the abdomen, from which the bowels protruded; it was frightful to look at. The jury returned a verdict of Accidental Death.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (20 February 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Mercury (3 July 1865), 1

ADOLPHUS F. SPILLER, (Pupil of Carandini and Campbell.) ...


Corporal of the band (band of the 50th Regiment in India), bandmaster (Queen's Oprhan School)

Born England, c. 1819/20
Active Hobart, TAS, by 1864
Died Hobart, TAS, 25 January 1876, in his 57th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Campion may have served in the Band of 50th regiment on its first Australian tour of duty (1834-41; he was in his mid to late teens at the time), but he was certainly retired from the regiment and settled in Tasmania well before the regiment's second arrival in 1866.


"THE QUEEN'S ASYLUM. DISTRIBUTION OF PRIZES", The Mercury (19 December 1864), 2

... Shortly after the general body of the children had taken their allotted places the recently organised band of the establishment entered upon the scene, and formed thence forward a prominent and most agreeable feature of the display. The members of the band, 25 in number, and for the most part rather below than above the average size of the inmates, were dressed in a neat uniform of blue with red facings. Their instruments consisted of fifes and drums, and a bugle. The last named instrument was very creditably played by Samuel Grimshaw, the boy who, as will be seen below, took one of the Fox's prizes for the year. Grimshaw acquired his knowledge of bugle playing from the carpenter of the Institution, bugler Luckhurst, of the City Guards. The leader of the band is Bandmaster Campion, also of the City Guards, and the manner in which they executed several pieces of music, including the National Anthem and British Grenadier, was surprisingly good, especially when regarded in connection with the fact that it is only some three months since the band was originated ...

"QUEEN'S ASYLUM", The Mercury (30 December 1869), 3 


Death in the district of Hobart, 1876; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1152464; RGD35/1/8 no 3193 

"DEATHS", The Mercury (27 January 1876), 1 

"SOUTHERN NEWS", The Cornwall Chronicle (29 May 1876), 3 

The members of the City Band and of the Hobart Town Dramatic Club intend giving a complimentary benefit at the Theatre Royal on the 5th June, to the widow of the late Thomas Campion, who was one of the oldest players in the city, and at the time of his death was teacher of the Orphan School Band. In earlier years he was in the army, and served through the whole of of the Indian mutiny. His widow, we understand, has been left in destitute circumstances, and his former friends are now generously combining to lend her a helping hand.

CANNA, Pietro (also incorrectly CANNO)

Drummer, drum major, bandmaster

Born Gabiano, Turin, Italy, 1832
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by April 1856
Died Rangoon, Burma, 22 September 1885


A Sardinian drum major in the allied army at Sebastopol (1854-55), Canna had arrived in Melbourne by April 1856, and spent the next couple of years in Ballarat. He may well have been the first colonial concert drummer. Between the pieces at the Olympic in Melbourne in August 1859, there was "a performance upon drums by a Mons. Pietro Canna, and a catch piece entitled "Our national Defences, or the Cockshot Yeomanry." "Mons. Pietro Canna made his debut before a Melbourne audience in the hall of the Theatre".

According to another press report:

His specialty consists in actively beating drums, conveniently ranged around him, until the noise becomes almost deafening. As a sample of manual dexterity and endurance, his exhibition is by no means uninteresting, but a judicious curtailment would greatly increase its attractiveness. The drums of the ears of the audience would require to be as substantial as M. Canna's instruments to stand many displays such as that of last night.

He died in Rangoon in 1885.


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 April 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Star (18 August 1857) 3

"EASTERN POLICE COURT", The Star (6 January 1859), 2

"OLYMPIC", The Argus (9 August 1859), 5

[News], Empire (18 October 1859), 4

CLEARANCES", Empire (28 November 1859), 4

"VICTORIAN ARTILLERY ENCAMPMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1861), 2

[News], The Argus (14 July 1863), 4

"LETTER TO THE EDITOR. A CHALLENGE", The Star (13 November 1863), 3

"NEW DRUM", Australian Town and Country Journal (16 July 1870), 24

The well-known performer on the drum, Signor Pietro Canna, at present in Melbourne, has made a new drum on a new principle, which has been greatly admired by those who have seen it. The novelty of the instrument is its narrow shape, the distance between the heads being only nine inches, while the diameter is thirty inches. The weight of the drum is only 6lb, and yet the tone is more powerful than that of the ordinary-shaped drum. Instruments of this shape have recently been introduced into the French military bands, and the lightness has been found to be an important desideratum.

"MR. PLAISTED'S CONCERT", The Argus (25 February 1884), 7

"VICTORIAN ITEMS", The Mercury (6 January 1886), 3

Bibliography and resources:

CAPE, Mary Anne (KNIGHT; Mrs. William CAPE)

Teacher of music

Married William Cape (1773-1847), Tenterden, Kent, 1805
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 18 May 1822 (per Denmark Hill, from England, 6 January)
Died Sydney, NSW, 8 January 1852, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES AND DEATHS IN AND NEAR LONDON", The Monthly Magazine, or British Register (1 January 1806), 569

"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (18 May 1822), 2

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (8 June 1822), 2

MRS. CAPE begs leave to inform her Friends and the Inhabitants of Hobart Town, that she has brought from England, a GRAND PIANO FORTE; with a choice Collection of Music, by the first Composers of Italian and English Operas, Scotch and Irish Airs, &c., with which she purposes to give Lessons of Instruction in Music to Young Ladies, at their own Residence, or at her Apartments at the corner of Collins-street, lately occupied by Mr. Owen. For cards and further particulars apply to Mrs. Stocker, Derwent Hotel.

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (16 November 1822), 2

MRS. CAPE informs the respectable Families in Van Diemen's Land, that she intends to open, after the Christmas Recess, an Establishment for twelve Young Ladies, as Boarders, at the late Residence of P. A. Mulgrave, Esq. in Liverpool street, where she proposes, with the Assistance of proper Masters, to communicate Instruction, in various Branches of Female Education. - Terms: - Fifty Guineas a year; Music ten Guineas a year extra. Masters and Washing extra. N. B. - One-quarter's advance Payment will be indispensably necessary; and each Young Lady will be expected to bring the usual Requisites. Reference, for Particulars, may be made to Mrs. Cape, at Mr. Hame's, Harrington-street.

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (11 January 1823), 2

MR. CAPE, being under the painful necessity (though a father and a husband) of informing the Public, that his wife, Mary Ann Cape, has again left her home, without the least provocation, leaving her children in a most distressing state, deems it an imperative duty to caution the Inhabitants not to trust her on his account, as he will not be responsible for any debts contracted by her, whom he requests to return to the bosom of her family, and not to attend to the gross advice of any individual:- And Mr. Cape will deem it illegal should any person or persons shelter Mrs. Cape after this Notice. N. B. - The House now occupied by Mr. Cape, on the Hospital Hill, is to be Let, and possession given immediately.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1852), 5

On the 8th instant, at her residence, O'Connell-street, Sydney, aged 65, Mary Anne, relict of the late William Cape, Esq.

Bibliography and resources:

V. W. E. Goodin, "Cape, William (1773-1847)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)



Arrived Adelaide, 11 February 1851 (per Mazeppa, from Java)
Active Adelaide, 1851


Wife of the Equestrian showman Emile Caperre, Madame Caperre opened a fashion store in Adelaide in March 1851, and made her first public appearance, along with Camille del Sarte (who had arrived on the same ship), as a vocalist at a charity concert in September. The couple's Adelaide sojourn appears to have been brought to an end after a serious accident befell Emile in late September.


"THE EQUESTRIAN COMPANY", Allen's Indian Mail and Register of Intelligence 5/86 (5 October 1847), 580

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian (18 February 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 March 1851), 2

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE GERMAN AND BRITISH HOSPITAL", South Australian Register (13 September 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 September 1851), 2

"THE CONCERT LAST NIGHT", South Australian Register (18 September 1851), 2

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE GERMAN AND BRITISH HOSPITAL", South Australian Register (19 September 1851), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (2 October 1851), 1


CARANDINI, Jerome (Gerome)





See Carandini family main page:


Violinist, pianist, teacher

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 14 April 1853
Departed after December 1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Felix Caranzani de Valle (Signor Caranzani; also, incorrectly, "Signor Carazini", and "Carandini") first appeared in Melbourne on 14 April 1853 as "Principal Solo Performer" in Joseph Megson's series of Weekly Thursday Concerts. A fortnight later, billed as "the celebrated violinist from La Scala", he was in Sydney appearing for John Winterbottom and Henry Marsh in one of their "Concerts a la Jullien", in which Harriet Fiddes (Cawse) was the main vocal performer.

He made several appearances in June and July, including for pianist Coleman Jacobs, billed as "first Violinist to the King of Sardinia" and playing a Souvenir de Bellini. According to Loyau, the young John Thomson Hall received lessons from Caranzani for 2 years. Since Caranzani's name disappears from the press record until late 1854, he was presumably during this time a member of Winterbottom's band. He placed a final advertisement in the Melbourne Argus in December 1854:

SIGNOR CARANZANI del Valle, late first violinist of the orchestra at Valparaiso, having beard of the arrival of an Italian Opera Company, at Queen's Theatre, Sydney, offers his services if required, either as violinist or pianist. Address office of this paper, Melbourne.


Giulietta e Romeo: tragedia per musica da rappresentarsi in Pavia ... il Carnovale del 1830 (Pavia: Bizzoni, [1830]), 

Musica del signor Maestro NICOLA VACCAI ... ORCHESTRA. Maestro al Cembalo, Sig. Giuseppe Antonio Sartirana; Primo Violino e Direttore d'Orchestra, Sig. Giuseppe Sordeli; Primo Violino de Balli, Sig. Maestro Felice Caranzani ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 April 1853), 3

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. THURSDAY WEEKLY CONCERTS. Under the Direction of Mr. Megson. On THURSDAY NEXT, 14th APRIL. Principal Vocal Performers: Sopranos, Mrs. Testar and Mrs. Hancock. Tenore, Mr. Hancock. Alto, Mr. Mitchell. Basso, Mr. Bancroft. Principal Solo Performer: Mons. Felix Caranzani del Valle. The Band: Leader, Mr. Megson ...Solo - violin - Monsieur Felix Caranzini del Valle ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 April 1853), 2

"MADAME DE STORR'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (15 June 1853), 2 

... Signor Caranzani, (1st violin to H. M. the King of Sardines,) though a queer looking fish, acquitted himself most satisfactorily, he is unquestionably master of that most difficult of instruments, and his execution is unusually brilliant. We wera decidedly pleasod with the Signor ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1853), 1

"MR JACOBS' CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1853), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 December 1854), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Loyau 1885, 184

... New South Wales was visited about that time by a distinguished violinist named Caranzani, bearing a noted Italian reputation, and Mr. Hall was placed under him and received lessons for two years, when he joined Winterbottom's orchestra ...


Engraver, of sheet music covers, ? sheet music (for Francis Ellard)

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 27 December 1803
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 October 1825 (free per Triton, from Leith 21 May)
Died Sydney, NSW, 27 July 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Carmichael executed several engraved title pages for sheet music prints by Francis Ellard. He signed the equestrian illustration (copied and slightly varied from an unidentified imported edition) on the cover of one of Ellard's two very first locally printed pieces of sheet music, The lancers' quadrilles, issued in Sydney in August 1839. He also engraved the ornamented cover of the other first piece, Henri Herz's ballad We have lived and loved together, the design and detail probably also copied from a London original. For other Ellard editions with covers signed by him, between 1839 and c.1844, see:

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 141-43 (DIGITISED)

Karen Eaton, "John Black Carmichael (1803-1857), artist and engraver", Australiana (November 2015), 6-20

Bibliography and resources:

"John Black Carmichael (1803-1857)", DAAO

"John Carmichael", Deaf in New South Wales: a community history" (website Deaf Society of NSW, 2013)

"John Carmichael's works: artworks for publications" (website Deaf History Australia

CARMUSCI, Domenico

Professor of Singing (Late of the Sistine Chapel), vocalist, pianist, organist, composer

Arrived Brisbane, QLD, by 1874
Departed Sydney, NSW, 23 December 1876 (per China, for Venice)


"CAPPELLA PONTIFICA ... CAPPELLANI CANTORI", Annuario Pontifico (1863), 364

"CAPPELLA PONTIFICA ... CAPPELLANI CANTORI", Annuario Pontifico (1870), 395

[News], The Queenslander (24 August 1872), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (21 September 1872), 1

[News], The Brisbane Courier (23 September 1872), 2

THE new Mass, which has been composed by the Rev. D. Carmusci, was sung at St. Stephen's Church yesterday morning ... The occasion attracted a considerable number of members of other denominations. The choir was an excellent one, comprising a good proportion of our professional and amateur musical talent, and the composer had little reason to complain regarding the rendering of his composition. Father Carmusci, while not aspiring to the genius of a Mozart has given to the world many musical productions, chiefly of a religious character, which have been largely appreciated, and his latest effort will add vastly to his reputation. The Mass, as a whole, must be spoken of very favorably, and abounds with passages of great beauty. The "Kyrie Eleison" may be termed the gem of the composition. The "Gloria" has the fault of being rather long, and therefore taxes severely the powers of the choir. The "Benedictus," which is arranged as a duet, is very sweet and pleasing, and was rendered full justice to by Mrs. and Master Atkinson. In a larger building, and accompanied by a good organ, there is hardly a doubt that the Mass would be deemed by the most critical congregation a composition worthy of all praise.

"MUSIC", The Queenslander (28 September 1872), 3

"Dr. Carmusci's Concert", The Brisbane Courier (8 October 1874), 3

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (19 October 1874), 1

"DR. CARMUSCI's concert ...", The Queenslander (24 October 1874), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1874), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1875), 9

"SIGNOR CARMUSCI'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 February 1875), 5

"ST. JOHN'S CHAPEL CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (10 April 1875), 13

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 February 1876), 9

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1876), 4


Conductor, composer

Born Boulogne-sur-Mer, France, 13 January 1850
Arrived Melbourne, 1876
Died Sydney, 29 May 1905 (NLA persistent identifier)

CARON, Madame (Elsa, Tasma, Eliza SHERWIN)

Soprano vocalist

CARON, Irma (Irma Lonie Tasma; 1919 Mrs. Marmiom Percy Greenwood ADAMS)
Soprano vocalist, violinist, dancer



[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1880), 12

"EXHIBITION NOTES", The Argus (8 November 1880), 6

"M. LEON CARON", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1885), 8

In the programme ... which will take place next Saturday afternoon at the Kew Opera House, M. Caron appears as composer of a choral symphony which in three sections will be given by a grand orchestra of 50 performers, in the first part; he is also too composer of Orchestral Souvenirs Patriotiques, founded upon the Marseillaise; of a waltz, to be played by the full band; and of two vocal solos from his prize cantata, " Victoria", which will be sung by Mr. C. Harding and Mr. P. J. Hallowell. ... M. Leon Caron will also play his own violin concerto and two violin solos, and conduct the whole. The concert is certainly unique, no symphony or concerto having yet been performed or directed in Sydney by the composer.

"M. LEON CARON'S MATINEE", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 September 1885), 5

... The orchestra, though numbering barely half the total expected, included many of the best instrumentalists in town: Mr. Rice, leader of the Theatre Royal orchestra; Herr Küster and Mr. R. Allpress, of the New Opera House; Herr Patek, 'cello; Mr. S. Hodge, clarionet; -- oboe; Mr. Parkes, trombone; Messrs. Hutchinson and Marten, flutes; and Herr Kuhe, French horn. To this fact must be attributed the success attained in the instrumental numbers, together with the ability of M. Caron as conductor ... for, as too often happens, a full rehearsal had not been had. Recently, a London critic blamed a conductor for attempting a performance with only five rehearsals, and this with a London orchestra, and chorus; yet such is Australian temerity, that without even one rehearsal, at which all members were present, a symphony is given. It must be said that in this case the players voluntarily gave their services, and that other duties prevented the attendance of some of them, but the fact remains that, as a general rule in Sydney far too little rehearsal is exacted, the people get accustomed to slipshod performances, which cannot advance the progress of music, and utterly wrong impressions of composers' works are received both from the want of a sufficient number of instrumentalists to give the works as they are intended, and from the great reluctance of those who are available to go through the necessary drill before a performance. The programme opened with a choral symphony, or "Symphonie Poema l'Idéal", by M. Leon Caron. The work was given in three sections during the first part, but for convenience is noted collectively. The chorus was not represented, though properly there are vocal parts in the second, third (chorale), and final movements. The opening in E flat, largo, is for clarionettes, horns, and bassoons. After eight bars the theme is taken up by the full band and effectively treated; the largo, after 40 bars, changes into on allegro maestoso, a long and stately movement, in which the principal motif becomes in turn the solo theme for various instruments. In this the concluding portion should be accompanied by full chorus and organ, and with the orchestration, which is clever and well varied, would be highly effective. The andante amoroso in A flat opens for strings alone with a simple melodious theme; after eight bars the light wind instruments repeat the theme, which is prettily developed; and after another 40 bars the full force of the orchestra takes up the opening motif, with a brilliant result. The scherzo vivace in E flat opens with tympani and flutes, treated somewhat in the manner of Meyerbeer in "The Huguenots"; this is very cleverly worked. Later the voiccs have a chorale in C, after which the original theme is heard with flutes and tympani, and the two subjects are interwoven and worked up into a spirited and most effective quick movement fortissimo. This on a first hearing appears by far the finest movement in the symphonie, and its repetition, with a far more numerous orchestra and chorus to give the effect the composer intended, would be most welcome and interesting. No 4, the finale in E flat, opens for horns, clarionettes, and bassoons in a striking theme andante con moto, succeeded by a series of passages in which the subject is well distributed among the various instruments in solo portions, with full effective scoring. Here also is a fine choral part, the theme like that in the scherzo, but in a different key, and the finale brilliantly worked up. The whole work proves undoubtedly that the composer has creative power and great ability, and the title "l'Idéal" is fully justified by the artist's execution of his musical fancy. In the second part "Souvenir Patriotique, or, An Episode of '93", was played. This has for its principal subject the "Marsellaise". It is as its name implies, a character or programme piece ...

"AMUSEMENTS. HER MAJESTY'S AUSTRALIS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1900), 6

Musical works:

Nautch dance (composed for Mr. J. C. Williamson) [composer's autograph]

Victoria (cantata) (by Leon Caron; words by J. W. Meaden; performed for the first time at the inauguration of the Melbourne International Exhibition, 1st October, 1880) [Ms. full score (photocopy)]

Grand choral symphony, Symphonie poema l'Idéal (FP Melbourne, 7 November 1880)
Victoria (prize cantata) (London: Novello, Ewer, [1880]) [vocal score]

Centennial cantata (Second prize; Melbourne Centennial Exhibition, 1888)

Nitouche (grand galop de bravoure) (Sydney: H. J. Samuell, 1894)

Djin-djin, the Japanese bogie-man (or, The great Shogun who lost his son & the little princess who found him; a fairytale of old Japan by Bert Royle and J. C. Williamson; music by Leon Caron; additional numbers by H. J. Pack [? George F. Pack]) [MS score, 1895]

It may be love (words by Bert Royle; sung with immense success by Miss Florence Young in the spectacular extravaganza "Matsa") (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., 1897)

Australis; or, The city of Zero (extravaganza; music by Caron and F. W. Weierter; FP, Sydney, 26 December1900)

Bibliography and resources:

Kenneth Hince, Caron, Leon Francis Victor (1850-1905), Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Bonnie J. Smart, Leon Caron and the music profession in Australia (Masters thesis, Faculty of Music, The University of Melbourne, 2003)

CARR, George (also William CARR; George KERR)

Master of the Band of the New South Wales Corps, convict

? Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 October 1791 (convict per Admiral Harrington)
Active as convict master of the band, before March 1793
Enlisted in corps Sydney, NSW, 20 March 1793
Conditional pardon, 4 October 1793
? corporal 1801
Died Sydney, NSW, October 1804

See also Band of the NSW Corps


? General order, Philip Gidley King, 29 December 1791; ed. HRNSW 1, 578, 580 

... The four watchmen for the town, Charles Cavenagh, Thomas McQueen, George Kerr, and Benjamin Graves, armed with staves, are to be divided into watches of four hours, and to patrole the streets as watchmen, calling aloud every half-hour the time of the night ; they are to prevent any person leaving their hutts, or lurking about after eight ... [580] ... The township will be hereafter divided into four districts, which districts. Thos. Crowder, Fredk. Markett, Geo. Kerr, and Thos. Barnsley will be accountable for in mustering the people at difterent hours during the night, and to inform themselves of the business connections and acquaintances of those in their districts.

Letter from John Palmer, to commander Philip Gidley King, 7 March 1793 (State Library of New South Wales, Mitchell Library King (a) Letter Book V187, 141) (Ed. Cobley, Sydney cove, IV, 17

. . . The Lieut. Governor [Francis Grose] wishes that Kerr, a Convict, (who was formerly Master of the Regimental Band of Musick) be sent hither [to Norfolk Island, on the Chesterfield] in order to his being emancipated, and enlisted to serve in the New So. Wales Corps ...

[Cobley notes: Kerr was to be given the option of remaining at Norfolk Island, but his emancipation was to be conditional on his joining the Corps, for employment in the Regimental Band.]

NSW State Archives, Colonial Secretary (a) tetters, Conditional pardons, 14 October 1793 (ed. Cobley, Sydney cove, IV, 81)

... Carr, George ...

Minute, Grand Lodge of Ireland, meeting in Dublin, 6 July 1797; reported in Proceedings: Grand Lodge of A.F. & A.M. of Canadad, 1965, fraternal correspondence, New South Wales - 1964, 44

The first mention of Masonry in Australia is in a minute book of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, where it is recorded that on 6th July, 1797, a petition was received from George Kerr, Peter Farrell and George Black praying for the issue of a Warrant to be held in the New South Wales Corps then serving at Port Jackson. Action was deferred and nothing seems to have occurred.

"DIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 October 1804), 4

DIED. On Friday last, Mr. William Carr, long Master of the Band belonging to the New South Wales Corps.

Bibliography and resources:

John Cobley, Sydney Cove 1793-1795: the spear of settlement (Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1983), 17, 81

Grahame H. Cumming, The foundations of freemasonry in Australia (Sydney: s. n., 1992), 1

Pamela Statham (ed.), A colonial regiment: new sources relating to the New South Wales Corps 1789-1810 ([Canberra]: P. Statham, 1992), 304

Alan Atkinson, "The little revolution in New South Wales, 1808", The International History Review 12/1 (1990), 73 (PAYWALL)

The first evidence of Masonic activity in New South Wales dates from 1796-7, when three private soldiers petitioned the Grand Lodge of Ireland for a charter. The leading name was that of George Kerr, or Carr, an Irishman, at one time master of a regimental band and after that a convict.

CARTER, Samuel

Violin pupil (of Henry Witton)

Active Melbourne, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

SAMUEL CARTER (Violin.) 20, Gertrude st. [pupil of Henry James Witton]

CASE, George

Professor of the English concertina, piano, violin

CASE, Mrs. (Miss Grace EGERTON)

Vocalist, dancer, actor

Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, August 1864
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 1868
Arrived (2) 1874; departed 1875


"ART AND LITERARY GOSSIP", Empire (29 June 1864), 8

[News], The Argus (17 August 1864), 4

"MUSICAL CRITICISMS. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (10 March 1865), 3

"MR. AND MRS. GEORGE CASE'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Mercury (24 October 1867), 2

"MR. AND MRS. GEORGE CASE'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1868), 5

"PASSENGERS AND SPECIE PER RMSS BOMBAY", Empire (6 November 1868), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Dan Mitchell Worrall, "Chapter 7: The Concertina in Australia", in The Anglo-German concertina: a social history, volume 2 (Fulshear, Texas: The author, 2009), 75


CASPERS, Henry Frederick

Pianist, organist, choirmaster, piano tuner

Born Germany, c.1849
Arrived Australia, ? c,1869
Active Goulburn, NSW, by 1876
Died Goulburn, 30 June 1915, aged 66

CASPERS, William John


Born Albury, NSW, 1885 [12343/1885]
Died Neutral Bay, NSW, 24 August 1971, aged 86

CASPERS, Agnes Beatrice

Musician, composer

Born Albury, NSW, 1886 [13296/1886]
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 June 1971

CASPERS, Ella (Ellanor Maria; Mrs Charles BRADLEY; Mrs. Alban Albury MALONEY)

Contralto vocalist

Born Albury, NSW, 1888 [13936/1888]
Died Taree, NSW, 21 April 1987, aged 98

CASPERS, Joseph Henry

Piano tuner

Born Albury, NSW, 1890 [3973/1890]
Enlisted AIF (55th Infantry), 15 February 1916; embarked 23 June 1916; returned 15 February 1918
Died NSW, 1976 [9753/1976]


[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (1 July 1876), 5

"CHARITABLE ENTERTAINMENT", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (23 September 1876), 4

[Advertisement], The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (9 February 1877), 3

"ST. PATRICK'S COLLEGE, GOULBURN", Freeman's Journal (21 December 1878), 16

"GOULBURN", Freeman's Journal (28 June 1879), 9

"ST. PATRICK'S DAY. THE BANQUET", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (19 March 1881), 5

"HENRY CASPERS' BANKRUPTCY", Evening News (1 December 1910), 6

"Death of Mr. H. Caspers", Young Witness (6 July 1915), 3

"GOULBURN", Freeman's Journal (8 July 1915), 16

Mr. Henry Caspers, a well-known and highly esteemed resident of this town, and formerly of Albury, died at his late residence, Montague-street, on the 30th ult., after an illness lasting for nearly twelve months. The immediate cause of death was heart failure. The late Mr. Caspers, who was 66 years of age, came to Australia in his twentieth year. He married in Albury, Miss Eleanor Jones, daughter of the late Mr. W. Jones, and for some time, held the position of organist at St. Patrick's Church in that town. On coming to Goulburn he was appointed organist at SS. Peter and Paul's Cathedral, a position which his son, Mr. W. J. Caspers, held later for some years, and is now filled by his daughter, Miss Agnes Caspers. His father was Mr. John Caspers, a silk merchant, who died many years ago at the ripe old age of 80 years, and his brother, Mr. R. J. Caspers, who married and settled in Goulburn, where his widow and children still reside, died about 24 years ago. In the practice of his profession as a piano-tuner, Mr. Caspers travelled extensively throughout the State. The deceased gentleman, whose wife pre deceased him by about 15 years, leaves a grown-up family of two sons and three daughters. The sons are Mr. W. J. Caspers, organist of St. Patrick's, Church, Church-hill, Sydney, and Mr. J. H. Caspers, of Goulburn; The daughters are Miss Ella Caspers, the well-known contralto, Miss Agnes Caspers, also well and favourably known as a musician and composer; and Sister Cleophas, of St. Michael's novitiate, North Goulburn.

"THE LATE MR. HENRY CASPERS", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (13 July 1915), 3

"MISS ELLA CASPERS", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (5 September 1911), 4

CASPERS, Rudolph

Amateur musician, photographer

Born Crefield, Rhenish Prussia, 23 May 1846
Arrived NSW, c.1877
Died Goulburn, NSW, 25 October 1891

CASPERS, John Rudolph (Jack)

Musician, choirmaster, oboist

Born Goulburn, NSW, 1888 [14549/1888]
Died Goulburn, NSW, 5 February 1939, aged 51


"MR. R. CASPERS", Goulburn Herald (26 October 1891), 2

Mr. Rudolph Caspers, the well-known photographer, died at his residence, Montague-street, yesterday morning at nine o'clock. His demise was rather sudden ... He was born in Crefield, Rhenish Prussia, on the 23rd of May, 1846, and was therefore forty-five years of age. He settled in Goulburn about fourteen years ago.

"MR. JACK CASPERS", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (6 February 1939), 4

... He had been a conductor of the SS. Peter and Paul's Cathedral choir for seven years and a member of the choir for over 30 years. He took a serious interest in music, a well known characteristic of the whole Caspers family. Under him the choir at SS. Peter and Paul's showed remarkable progress. He himself was also a singer of good baritone quality and not infrequently assisted the choir by taking solos. He was a member of the Liedertafel practically all his life, playing in the orchestra on the oboe and also assisting, when required, vocally. In his younger days a he was an outstanding tennis player and a prominent figure in tennis tournaments in and around Goulburn ...

"OBITUARY. MR. JOHN RUDOLPH CASPERS", Catholic Freeman's Journal (16 February 1939), 32


Bugler, bandsman (Band of the 63rd Regiment)

Active Western Australia, May-June 1830; Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1830-33




Band of the 63rd Regiment


Bandmaster, composer

An Irish bandmaster, he never came to Australia, but composed the Kangaroo galop, published in London in 1862.

CASTELLI, Charles (Signor)

Tenor vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by August 1864


The Argus announced in August 1864: "That very general musical want, a new tenor of ability, it is said is about to be supplied here, in the person of Signor Castelli, lately arrived, who earned considerable reputation in the Parisian musical world while engaged at the Conservatoire, and who was in much request also as a concert singer. Signor Castelli has been engaged by Mr. Hoskins, for the Haymarket Theatre, and will, we believe, make his first appearance in an opera on Monday evening." In a letter printed in the Argus in 1865, he answered an accusation that Castelli was an assumed name, apparently admitting that it was originally Gloggner, and that he was a native of Lucerne, Switzerland.


[News], The Argus (24 August 1864), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 August 1864), 8

[News], The Argus (24 August 1864), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 September 1864), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 June 1865), 8

[News], The Argus (6 December 1865), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 January 1868), 3

CASTER, Henry William

Baritone vocalist (Smith, Brown, and Collins's Veritable and Original Christy's Minstrels)

Born Nottingham, England
Arrived Sydney, February 1865 (from ? England)
Died (suicide) Sydney, 11 March 1865, aged 36

1865: Mr. Caster has a pleasing baritone voice of good compass and sings his solos and, in concerted pieces, with able and musicianly effect.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1865), 1

"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1865), 7

"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Empire (27 February 1865), 5


DEATH OF MR. W. H. CASTER, OF THE CHRISTY MINSTRELS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1865), 6


W. P. Collins, C. W. Rayner, Nicholas La Feuillade, Henri Herberte


Soprano vocalist

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1858


[Advertisement], The Star (28 August 1858), 3

"DUCHESS OF KENT CONCERT ROOM", The Star (7 September 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (15 October 1858), 3

"STAR CONCERT HALL", The Star (13 December 1858), 3


Soprano vocalist, pianist

Born 1830
Arrived SA, 1855
Died Semaphore, SA, 16 March 1899

Bibliography and resources:

"Caterer, Marina (1830-1899)", Obituaries Australia

The numerous friends of Mr. Thomas Caterer, principal of the Semaphore Collegiate School, will learn with regret of the death of his wife, who died at his residence, Esplanade, Semaphore, on Thursday morning. The late Mrs. Caterer was the second daughter of the late Rev. G. D. Mudie, who was for some time the minister of the English Church in Hamburg (Germany), and co-partner with D'Aubigny, the well-known author of The French Revolution. Alter the arrival of the late Mr. Mudie in the colony, he was appointed chaplain of the Yatala Labor Prison. Mrs. Caterer came to the colony in 1855, and was early associated with the family of the late Sir George Kingston, Speaker of the House of Assembly. The deceased lady was 69 years of age and was possessed of very high literary attainments. She was also an accomplished musician, and in the early seventies was one of the leading sopranos in the colony, taking part in many oratorios. During Mr. Caterer's occupation of the mayoral chair of Kensington and Norwood, she endeared herself to the poor and afflicted of the district by her kindliness. She was a sympathetic and true friend to many hundreds of boys, who have passed under her care, and they will sincerely mourn her death. In her early days she was actively associated with the gifted Elihu Barritt, and was, prior to coming to South Australia, one of the secretaries of his Peace Society. As a result of an accident eight years ago she has been more or less an invalid....


Amateur vocalist, merchant trader

Born London, 23 December 1798
Arrived, 16 May 1823 (per Ann, from England, 15 December 1822)
Died Invermay, TAS, 7 November 1879, aged 81


[News], The Hobart Town Gazette (17 May 1823), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 July 1824), 1

"CRIMINAL COURT", Hobart Town Gazette (25 November 1826), 2

"Dinner to Captain Cooling", Colonial Times (17 August 1827), 3

... The evening was spent with the greatest harmony and conviviality; and the party were delighted with some very excellent songs given by Messrs. Widowson and Cathcart.

"THE LATE MR. GEORGE CATHCART", Launceston Examiner (10 November 1879), 2


Pianoforte maker, repairer, tuner

Born Scotland, ?
Arrrived Australia, 1853
Died Ballarat, VIC, 13 May 1873, aged 60

Obituary: The Ballarat Courier reports that Mr. John Cathie, pianoforte-maker, a very old resident of Ballarat, and an ex M.L.A., died on Tuesday in the District Hospital. In 1859 Mr. Cathie was elected, jointly with Mr Humffray, to represent Ballarat East in the first Parliament under the new Constitution and was re-elected to the next Parliament. At that time Mr. Cathie was in good circumstances, and had a thriving business as a cabinetmaker in the Eastern township; but troubles connected with his Parliamentary duties caused him to neglect his more profit table occupation, and having lost his property and given up his seat in Parliament, he became a poor but honest tradesman in the city, his workshop and residence being on Soldiers' hill. There he has for years pursued the even tenor of his way, until recently overcome by sickness and paralysis, he was some two or three weeks since removed to the hospital. His wife not long ago was conveyed to the Yarra Bend as a harmless but confirmed lunatic. Mr. Cathie has left no family; but a sister's orphan child, whom, he had adopted, is left totally unprovided for. It was a strange and sad coincidence that whilst Mr. Cathie was lying in the hospital, his brother, who has a large family, was also an inmate of the institution, suffering from chronic rheumatism.


[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (2 July 1866), 3

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (2 April 1867), 3

[News], The Argus (15 May 1873), 4

"TOWN TALK", Geelong Advertiser (15 May 1873), 2

"MISCELLANEOUS NEWS", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (17 June 1873), 95

CATLOW, Edward Jones

Composer, lecturer on music, school-teacher

Arrived Adelaide, 5 December 1848 (per Thomas Lowry, from London and Plymouth)
Died Mount Gambier, 28 March 1885, aged 73


Vocalist, school-teacher


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (9 December 1848), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 December 1848), 2

? "DRUNKENNESS", The South Australian Advertiser (16 February 1859), 2

"ADELAIDE PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (30 October 1862), 3

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (18 December 1862), 2


"FINNIS VALE", South Australian Register (30 December 1864), 3

"FINNIS VALE", The South Australian Advertiser (6 January 1866), 2

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (23 April 1869), 2

"DEATH", Border Watch (1 April 1885), 2

Musical works:

The tender moonlight (original colonial song) (with pianoforte accompaniment; words by Augusta M. Catlow; music by Edward J. Catlow) (Musical supplement to The Adelaide Miscellany 10 (22 April 1869)

CAVALLINI, Pompeo (Charles Pompeo CAVALLINI)

Italian-British composer, master of the band of the 77th Regiment

Born Milano, ?
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 September 1857
Departed NSW, April 1858
Died England, 1884 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Pompeo Cavallini was brother of the famous Milanese clarinettist Ernesto Cavallini (1807-1874), a friend of Verdi in their student days, and himself a clarinettist. He is listed in orchestras in Milan as early as 1828, and for Foppa's Giulietta e Roméo at the Teatro Carcano in Summer 1829 as first clarinet in the ballet numbers (Primo Clarinetto pei Ballabili); he also played in Donizetti's Gianni da Calais (Carnival season, 1830-31). He was dedicatee of Ernesto's Three duos (1836).

He reportedly first became attached to a British regiment in Piedmont. Ernest's Six capriccios (Milan: John Ricordi, 1840) are duly "Dedicated to M. Pompey Cavallini, master of the band the 18th regiment of his Britannic Majesty by his brother". It is this brother, Ernesto, who appears in several English concert reports in the 1840s and 1850s.

Pompeo's music was first noticed in Australia in June 1851, when Henry Marsh advertised his Annie Laurie march (London, 1851) for sale in Sydney. Six years later, in 1857, his own arrival with his regimental band created great interest, not only because of the band's size and excellence, but also because they had recently been at the Crimea. One of their first engagements was to play for the annual horticultural exhibition at the Sydney Botanical Gardens. The cover illustration on the 77th galop shows the band of the 77th with a top-hatted gentleman perhaps playing a clarinet, that may be Cavallini, who was presumably a civilian bandmaster.

During their six full months in Sydney, Cavallini frequently programmed works of his own, as well as taking on one local work, mayor George Thornton's The cornstalk galop, which had recently been introduced at the Mayoral Ball by Winterbottom's Band. Cavallini also made his first concert appearance as a clarinet soloist for Miska Hauser in December. The 77th left Australia for India in April 1858.

Fernando Silveira has recently proposed that Pompeo was the clarinettist Cavallini in Rio de Janeiro in 1859, at the Ginasio Dramatico Theatre on 11 July 1859, however this was possibly a third brother, Vittorio. Cavallini was a "teacher of music" in Hampshire in 1878, and he died in England in 1884.


"PATRIE. Musica Sacra", I teatri: giornale drammatico musicale e coreografico1/2 (Milano: Giulio Ferrario, 1828), 557

Giulietta e Roméo. Melodramma tragico in tre atti (Milano: Antonio Fontana, 1829), 8

"PLYMOUTH", Brighton Gazette (16 May 1844), 1

Colonel Hallifax and the officers of the 75th Regiment gave a dejeuner to Colonel Shelton and the officers of the 44th Regiment, on Saturday last, to which the principal gentry resident in the town and neighbourhood were invited. The company assembled at one, and did not break up until after six o'clock. Several new pieces of music, arranged by Signor Cavallini, the Regimental Band Master, were much admired.

"GRAND NATIONAL CONCERTS", The Musical World  25/41 (12 October 1850), 653

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1851), 1

"FASHIONABLE INTELLIGENCE", Freeman's Journal [Dublin] (29 May 1857), 3

... The bands of the 50th regiment, under the direction of Signor Gassner, and of the 77th, under Signor Cavalini, were stationed in the grounds, and performed alternately during the afternoon ...


The weather was beautiful, the gardens were in perfect order, there was an unusual attraction in the presence of the fine band of the 77th Regiment, that had just arrived from England and the Crimea, and in consequence there was a very large and brilliant assemblage of visitors.

[Advertisement], Empire (5 October 1857), 1

"PRINCE OF WALES", The Empire (6 October 1857), 5

The Buckingham Family gave a concert at the Prince of Wales Theatre, last evening, under the patronage of the Colonel and officers of the 77th Regiment. By the permission of Colonel Stratton the band of the 77th rendered their assistance. They formed a principal attraction of the evening. They numbered 38 performers, and under the skilful direction of Signor Cavallini, their teacher, they performed a number of pieces in a style that completely carried away the large audience assembled on the occasion, by whom they were greeted with the utmost enthusiasm ...

"THE BAND OF THE 77TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1858), 4

The departure of this very effective musical corps from amongst us will be much regretted: they have done us many a good service during their short sojourn thanks to ... the assiduous and talented exertions of the conductor, M. Cavallini. They leave us for China at an early day, to cheer and inspirit their fellow heroes in a new campaign, and on a new field ...

History, Gazetteer and Directory of the County of Hampshire (Sheffield: W. White, 1878), 96

Cavallini, Charles Pompeo, teacher of music, Victoria road.

Charles Santley, Student and singer: the reminiscences of Charles Santley (New York: Macmillan, 1892), 65

... I was a student, not a singer, and could not therefore remain in Milan, and must take my departure within twenty-four hours, unless I could find a citizen of standing who could certify I was a student. Well, I thought, now for certain it is all over with me. and was much annoyed to think that all my arrangements were to be upset by such a ridiculous quibble. I did not know a single soul in Milan; how was I to procure a certificate? The commissionaire asked me if I had not brought any letters of introduction. I told him I had one, but knew nothing of the person to whom it was addressed. I had left it in my bag at home, whither we bent our steps immediately my guide very hopeful, and I very crestfallen. I took out the letter, and was so enraged I literally chucked it at him. He opened it, and exclaimed, "The very thing! This is a letter to Eugenio [recte Ernesto] Cavallini, the conductor at the Scala, from his brother Pompeo," then a bandmaster at Plymouth. I forgot all about the police, and saw myself on the instant figuring in some important part on the stage of the august temple of Apollo. I need scarcely add that Austria, through the police official, took me to her bosom and accepted me as a dependent pro tem, on the spot.

Musical works (by Ernesto Cavallini dedicated to Pompeo)

Trois duos pour deux clarinettes composés par Ernest Cavallini, dédiés à son frère Pompés\ICCU\MUS\0149668

Six capriccios for the clarinet, composed and dedicated to M. Pompey Cavallini, master of the band the regiment of his Britannic Majesty by his brother Ernest ... (Milan: John Ricordi, [1840])\ICCU\MUS\0091653 (DIGITISED)

Musical works (Pompeo):

Divertimento per clarinetto con accompagnamento di piano-forte sopra un tema di Bellini [da] Pompeo Cavallini (Milano: B. Carulli, 1830)\ICCU\MUS\0255545

Sei esercizj per clarinetto composti da Pompeo Cavallini, dedicati al suo fratello Ernesto (Milano: presso Franco Lucca, [circa 1830])\ICCU\MUS\0119842

The 77th galop, composed by P. Cavallini & most respectfully dedicated to Colonel Straton, C.B., and the officers of H.M. 77th Regiment (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, n.d. [1858]) (DIGITISED)

[Henri Laurent] The Maude waltzes as played by the band of the 77th Regiment, arranged by Signor Cavallini (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, n.d. [1858]) (DIGITISED)

[Henry Farmer] The first love waltzes as played by the band of the 77th Regiment, arranged for the pianoforte by Signor Cavallini (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1858]) NO COPY IDENTIFIED

CAVENDISH, William Joseph (William Joseph CASTELL; William Joseph CAVENDISH DE CASTELL)

CAVENDISH, Mary (alias of Mrs. Mary CECIL)

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CAWS, W. St. John M.

Professor of Music, composer, writer on music, author

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1864 (per Avalanche)
Died Melbourne, VIC, September 1909


A close associate of Charles Edward Horsley, a committee member of several musical associations, and a prominent music teacher, Caws took a benefit in April 1869, on which occasion Anna Bishop assisted. In a report on the monthly meeting of the Victorian Musical Association in June 1869, the Argus noted that:

... a vote of thanks was adopted to Mr. Charles Edward Horsley for his able and generous defence of the musical 'savages' of this colony, in the Musical World ....

See [News], The Argus (29 May 1869), 4:

... Mr. Caws intimated that at the next meeting he would read a paper upon the progress of musical art in this colony, together with the criticisms upon [Tolhurst's] "Ruth" in the London musical journals.

In February 1884, a meeting of the Musical Association of Victoria was:

notified that Mr. St. John Caws, of Geelong, had presented the society with two volumes of manuscript studies of the late C. E. Horsley.


Originals in the Musical Monthly (May-August 1906), and reprinted:

"A New Chum Musician's Experiences in Victoria in the Early Sixties. CHAPTER I", Camperdown Chronicle (31 July 1906), 6s

"A New Chum Musician's Experiences in Victoria in the Early Sixties. CHAPTER II", Camperdown Chronicle (7 August 1906), 6s

"A New Chum Musician's Experiences in Victoria in the Early Sixties. CHAPTER III. Continued", Camperdown Chronicle (14 August 1906), 6s

"A New Chum Musician's Experiences in Victoria in the Early Sixties. CHAPTER IV.", Camperdown Chronicle (21 August 1906), 6s

A New Chum Musician's Experiences in Victoria in the Early Sixties. Continued", Camperdown Chronicle (2 October 1906), 6s


"MR. HORLSEY'S MUSIC FESTIVAL", The Argus (16 March 1867), 6

[News], The Argus (27 September 1867), 5

[News], The Argus (6 February 1869), 4

[News], The Argus (7 April 1869), 4

[News], The Argus (4 June 1869), 5

[News], The Argus (15 May 1876), 4

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (27 September 1876), 10

"MUSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA", The Argus (19 February 1884), 7

"PERSONAL", The Mercury (30 September 1909), 5

Mr. St. John Caws, who was well known in musical circles, has died in the Melbourne Hospital, as a result of a stroke of paralysis with which he was seized a few days ago. The deceased gentleman, who was a native of the Isle of Wight, had been in Melbourne since 1864, and was the first secretary of the Musical Society of Victoria, of which he was one of the founders. As music master in the Church of England Grammar School, he had many pupils under his charge who became well known in the musical world. His compositions include "The Night Watch March" and the waltz "Ada", which was played for the first time by the Grenadier Guards in 1886, at St. James's Barracks, in the presence of the present King, who asked for its repetition in the evening at the Colonial and Indian Exhibition. Mr. Caws was of a very generous disposition, and had a host of personal friends in Melbourne. Up to his last illness he was continuously about the city. He was a Grand Lodge officer in the Masonic body."

Musical works:

Processional march (for organ; MS) (performed St. Francis's Church, Melbourne, May 1876)

The night watch march ([ ])

La Françoise (mazurka de salon) (Melbourne: W. J. Dixon & Co., [between 1877 and 1885?])

The St. Clair polka  (Melbourne: Sydney: R. J. Paling & Co., 1871) [performed as early as 1869]


Violinist, conductor, composer, music retailer, memorialist

Born Adelaide, SA, 30 June 1854
Died Kings Park, Adelaide, 26 June 1925, in his 70th year (NLA persistent identifier)



"MR. CAWTHORNE'S REMINISCENCES", The Register (8 June 1912), 7


"CAWTHORNE'S MUSIC WAREHOUSE", The Advertiser (12 July 1933), 17

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (27 June 1925), 12

"DEATH OF MR. CHARLES CAWTHORNE", The Advertiser (27 June 1925), 14

Musical works:

A.Y.M.S.  waltz (composed by Chas. Cawthorne) ([Adelaide,: Adelaide Young Men's Society, 1882])

Olivia waltz (composed by Chas. Cawthorne) (Adelaide: Cawthorne & Co., [188-])

Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition polka (composed by Chas. Cawthorne) (Adelaide: Cawthorne & Co., [1887])

Dorothea waltz (by Chas. Cawthorne) (Adelaide: Cawthorne & Co., [188-])

Bibliography and resources:

Suzanne Edgar and Joyce Gibberd, "Cawthorne, Charles Wittowitto (1854-1925)", Australian dictionary of biography 7 (1979)

CECCHI, Pietro

Tenor vocalist, teacher of singing

Arrived Sydney, 15 December 1871 (per Nevada, from California)
Died Melbourne, 4 March 1897

Pietro Cecchi c.1880



"ANOTHER OPERA COMPANY", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1871), 6

"MADAME STATES' FIRST CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1871), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (5 March 1897), 1

"DEATH OF SIGNOR CECCHI", The Australasian (6 March 1897), 35

A well-known figure in the musical and and artistic society of Melbourne was removed on Thursday, March 4, by the death of Signor Cecchi. A sufferer from heart disease, he had been summoned to give evidence at the court in a case in which Madame Vollugi proceeded against Signor Corte, the Italian consul, for £60 alleged to be due on a piano, and in which she recovered £47/10/. Signor Cecchi, unused as he was to court procedure, worried greatly over his appearance as a witness, and was greatly excited all day. He had lived at Madame Vollugi's residence in Drummond-street for over twenty one years, and he returned home from the Court shortly before 6 o'clock. He talked cheerfully enough during the meal, but having finished he gave a short gasp, and fell back in his chair. Medical assistance was at once summoned, but on the arrival of the doctor Signor Cecchi was dead, the cause of his decease being heart disease. Twenty-one years ago he came to Australia with Madame States's company, under the direction of Biscaccianti. The conductor of the company was the famous Giorza, Susini was the basso, Alandini the baritone, and Cecchi the tenor. He founded a school of singing in partnership with Signor Vollugi. Through this school many famous Melbourne singers have passed, including Madame Melba.


Toured with Agatha States and Paolo Giorza, teacher of Nellie Melba


English composer, conductor

Born 1 December 1844
Arrived (1) Melbourne, 8 February 1886 (per John Elder); departed March 1887
Arrived (2) Sydney, January 1888; departed Melbourne, June 1888
Died 28 December 1891 (NLA persistent identifier)



Cellier came to Australia in 1886 to conduct Gilbert and Sullivan for Williamson, Garner and Musgrove. Unfortunately, the claim (1897) that "as a matter of fact a considerable portion of Cellier's opera Dorothy was written whilst the composer was His Excellency's [governor Sir William Robinson's] guest in this city [Adelaide]" would not seem to be correct. Dorothy was already in rehearsal in London when Cellier was in Adelaide in mid 1886, and Cellier himself returned to London on the Potosiin March 1887. He returned to Sydney, via San Francisco, on the Alameda in January 1888, and conducted Dorothy in Melbourne before the end of the month. He sailed again finally for England in June.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (9 February 1886), 4

"MIKADO AT THE THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (3 March 1886), 42

"THE THEATRE ROYAL, IOLANTHE", The Argus (3 May 1886), 4

"THE OPERA SEASON", The South Australian Advertiser (30 June 1886), 7

"MUSIC IN ENGLAND AND THE COLONIES. AN INTERVIEW WITH MR. CELLIER", The South Australian Advertiser (17 August 1886), 5

[News], The Argus (5 March 1887), 11

"SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 January 1888), 6

"THE PRINCESS'S THEATRE. REVIVAL OF DOROTHY", The Argus (30 January 1888), 8

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (23 June 1888), 7

"DEATH OF MR. ALFRED CELLIER", The Argus (30 December 1891), 5

"THE LATE SIR WILLIAM ROBINSON. A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH", South Australian Register (4 May 1897), 5

Musical works (Australian performance materials in NLA:)

The sultan of Mocha (comic opera in 3 acts) in J. C. Williamson collection of performance materials

Dorothy (a comedy opera; piano score; words: B. C. Stephenson)

Bibliography and resources:


Soprano vocalist, pianist

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 15 August 1853 (per Gypsy, from Southampton, 15 May)
Active until 1875


Adelaide based from her arrival in 1853, Marie Chalker first toured to Melbourne with Miska Hauser early in 1855. During the 1860s she appeared in all colonial capitals except Perth, with such co-artists as Camille Del Sarte, the Lancashire Bellringers, Walter Sherwin, and the Carandinis. In 1865, fellow Adelaidan, Henry Pounsett, director of the Choral Union, dedicated his Wedding hymn to her "as a tribute of respect for colonial talent and to the ladies of South Australia".


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (19 July 1853), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (16 August 1853), 2

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 March 1854), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 June 1854), 4

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (31 March 1855), 3

"MISKA HAUSER'S FAREWELL CONCERT THIS EVENING", South Australian Register (5 February 1857), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (11 February 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1857), 8

"MUSICAL", South Australian Register (23 May 1865), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 April 1875), 8


Bandsman, band of the 58th Regiment

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1844

See also Band of the 58th Regiment


"NEWS FROM THE INTERIOR. PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1844), 4 

James Fullard, a ticket of leave holder, was brought before the Police Court yesterday on the following charges - It appeared that about three weeks back, John Challon, one of the band of the 58th, gave the prisoner a watch to repair, but after waiting for some time found that there was very little chance of his ever getting it again ...


CHAMBERS, Joseph (senior)

Professor of dancing

Died Sydney, 30 April 1875, aged 62 "for very many years connected with the stage of Australia"


Dancer, ballet master, teacher


Premier danseur, professor of dancing

Born 1836/37
Died Sydney, 21 July 1874, aged 37

CHAMBERS, Sidney Samuel (Sydney)


Died Newcastle, NSW, 8 April 1871, aged 29

Sydney February 1842: We have also a valuable accession here in a Mr. Chambers as a dancer. This gentleman is evidently labouring under the effects or his sea voyage, and therefore has not yet exhibited the extent of his capabilities.

March 1842: Mr. Chambers is a much better dancer than speaker. He looks the character, well, however, and when he learns not to aspirate his vowels, to make less use, or a better use of his arms, and to speak without a constant attempt to speak finely, he will be very much improved. His second appearance in the character was decidedly better than his first, and if he be willing to learn, there can be no doubt of his ability. Our intention in making these remarks is not to damp his energies, but to increase them. No one who has seen his dancing could say any thing harsh of Mr. Chambers.

Adelaide 1858: Mr. J. Chambers's imitation of Lola Montez celebrated "Spider Dance", was a very clever performance, but it would be injustice to the lady who introduced the dance into the Australian colonies, not to state that many attitudes not of the most graceful or delicate character were imported into the imitation, of which, the original was free.

Ballarat 1862: This evening the performances at the Theatre Royal will be in favor of Mr Joseph Chambers, a painstaking young actor, and the able director of the ballet so far as it finds a place on our stage. Much of the success which attended the Easter pantomime was due to Mr Chambers' exertions and talents, and we believe his services are to be retained in the production of the Christmas pantomime. For his benefit this evening are to be performed Shakspere's comedy "As you like it", and a new ballet conducted by himself, under the title of "True Blue". We trust to see Mr Chambers honored with a large attendance.

Obituary 1874: Poor Joe Chambers is dead. This simple announcement will be read by very many persons with sincere regret, especially by the members of the profession in which the deceased was for many years an ornament. As a balletmaster Mr. Chambers is well known in this colony, and for many years held his own against his numerous rivals in ballet teaching and dancing. Latterly, however, Mr. Chambers has led a life of much suffering, and was forced to relinquish his profession, for which he had an ardent and genuine affection, and finally succumbed to that most trying and insidious disease - consumption - at the early age of 38 years. Although his later life was hard to bear, owing to his extreme suffering, the end of poor Joe Chambers was one of peace, and was welcomed by him and his intimate friends as a happy release. May it prove to be truly so!

1881: Miss Amy Chambers, the leader of the ballet, is without doubt one of the most popular danseuses the city has ever soon, and was well supported by the graceful young ladies she has trained. Her dancing is to many the chief charm, where all is charming.


"THE DRAMA", The Australian (24 February 1842), 2

"The Olympic", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 March 1842), 3

"MR. DULY'S BENEFIT", The Cornwall Chronicle (11 November 1846), 871

"THEATRICAL", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 February 1847), 156

"THE THEATRE", The Argus (11 May 1849), 2

"HAYMARKET THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (14 June 1858), 3

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The South Australian Advertiser (6 October 1858), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (23 April 1859), 1

"ROYAL VICTORIA- DRAMA", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 December 1861), 2

[News], The Star (9 September 1862), 2

"DEATH OF MR. SYDNEY CHAMBERS", Empire (10 April 1871), 2

"LATE CASE OF DROWNING AT NEWCASTLE", Empire (14 April 1871), 4

[News], Empire (23 July 1874), 3

"DEATHS", Australian Town and Country Journal (25 July 1874), 35

"CLONTARF", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1875), 8

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 May 1875), 8

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1875), 1

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (8 January 1881), 12

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. By J. S. No. IV.", The Argus (7 June 1890), 4

CHAMBERS, Lucy (Madame)

Contralto vocalist, teacher of singing

Born Sydney, c.1840
Died Melbourne, 8 June 1894



[News], The Argus (16 April 1864), 4

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (17 January 1870), 4

[News], The Argus (17 January 1870), 4

"MADAME LUCY CHAMBERS", The Argus (25 November 1884), 7


"DEATHS", The Argus (9 June 1894), 1

"DEATH OF MADAME LUCY CHAMBERS", The Argus (9 June 1894), 8

... Madame Chambers was born in Sydney, where her father was a solicitor, and a partner of the celebrated William Charles Wentworth. At an early age she proved herself the possessor of a very fine contralto voice, and Catherine Hayes offered to take her to Europe and superintend her training. The proposal was not accepted, but a few years later Madame Chambers proceeded to England, where, under Manuel Garcia (the teacher of Madame Marchesi), she began her artistic education, ln pursuit of her studies she passed under the tuition successively of Pietro Romani (teacher of Grisi, Mario, Pasta, Ungher, and the old Australian favourite Lucy Escott), Cavalier Francisco Lamperti, Lauro Rossi, und Vannucini. During this time she appeared as principal contralto in almost all the leading lyric theatres in Italy, and was the first and only Australian who had sung at La Scala, Milan, until Madame Melba's recent appearance at that theatre. She also sang at Berlin, Hamburg, Spain, Portugal, and Brussels, and returned to Australia under the auspices of the late Mr. W. S Lyster in 1870. At the termination of her engagement she took up her residence in Melbourne as a teacher of singing, and achieved considerable success in her profession. Most of the leading Australian vocalists were trained by her, including Miss Alice Rees, Miss Amy Sherwin, and the Misses Colbourne-Baber, Edith Moore, Fannie Liddiard, Ida Osborne, Violet Varley, Cicely Staunton, and Florence Young. Her last public appearance was in the Town-hall, Melbourne, on October 18 last year, when her many friends assembled in large numbers at a complimentary benefit concert organised on her behalf. The deceased lady will be long remembered, not only by her pupils, who must number many hundreds, but by a very large circle of friends both in the musical profession and in private life.



George LOYAU

CHANTER, Arthur (Arturo CANTORE)

Pianist, composer

Born c.1866
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1880
Died Melbourne, VIC, 28 November 1950, aged 84 (NLA persistent identifier)

CHAPMAN, Abraham Western

Music engraver, printer, postage stamp engraver and printer

Born Westernport Settlment, NSW (VIC), 17 July 1827
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 31 March 1892, in his 65th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Empire (10 May 1855), 6 

A. W. CHAPMAN AND CO., Music Punchers, Engravers, and Copperplate Printers, No. 1, Charlotte-place. Work done for the trade with punctuality, despatch, and moderate terms.

"DEATHS", The Australian Star (1 April 1892), 1 

CHAPMAN. - March 31, 1892, at his residence, 362 Bourke-street, Surry Hills, Abraham Western Chapman, in his 65th year; 35 years foreman of the Postage Stamp Branch, Government Printing Office. First white child born Western Port, Victoria. Requiescat in pace.

Musical prints:

In happy moments (Sydney: F. Ellard), "Sc. Chapman" (DIGITISED)

Boulanger's musical keepsake for 1856 (Sydney: F. Mader): "Engd. A. W. Chapman"

"REVIEW", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 February 1856), 5 

Boulanger, Nocturne de concert (Sydney: J. R. Clarke), from same plates as above: "Engd. A. W. Chapman" (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 144 (DIGITISED) 

CHAPMAN, George (senior)

Bandmaster, cornet-a-piston player, musical instrument maker, music seller

Active Melbourne, by 1853 until after 1895


"Mr. G. Chapman" is first documented as director and cornet-a-piston player at the Melbourne Philharmonic Society's Second Grand Concert in April 1853. "G. Chapman's Celebrated Band" was active in January 1854, advertising from Chapman's Music Warehouse in February, and at the Tradesmen's Ball in October 1854, when it was noted that "Chapman's band was in attendance and performed various new pieces of dance music with much taste". In Launceston, Tasmania, in February 1871, "Mr George Chapman, musical instrument maker, of Swanston-street, and the Royal Arcade, Melbourne, arrived here [Launceston] yesterday with his brass and string band ...". In February 1895: "Certificates of discharge ... were granted in the Insolvency Court yesterday ... to the following insolvents; George Chapman, sen., of Melbourne, music-seller ...".  He was remembered by Alfred Montague in his 1925 recollections of the 1850s as "an excellent cornet player, afterwards much better known as the founder of the music ware house, in Swanston street".


"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (31 March 1853), 9

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 April 1853), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 September 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 February 1854), 3

"THE TRADESMEN'S BALL", The Argus (4 October 1854), 5

"POLICE", The Argus (15 December 1856), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 April 1858), 4

"BIRTHS", The Argus (15 February 1859), 4



"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (8 November 1864), 2

"L'Arpeggio Polka," is the title of a new piece of dance music, composed for the pianoforte by Mr George Chapman, of Melbourne, and on sale by the various music-sellers The polka is simple, has a pleasing melody, and as the subject is treated harp-fashion, it has the charm of novelty.

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (5 Octoer 1868), 4

"MR. CHAPMAN'S BAND", The Cornwall Chronicle (13 February 1871), 2

"VICTORIA", Morning Bulletin (16 January 1882), 2

Eliza Burke, who recently caused a sensation in Swanston-street by attempting to shoot George Chapman, an assistant in a music warehouse, has been discharged, as Chapman has left the colony for New Zealand.

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (28 August 1894), 5

[News], The Argus (16 February 1895), 6


There also appeared Mr. George Chapman, an excellent cornet player, afterwards much better known as the founder of the music ware house, in Swanston street, later conducted by Wright and Rowden, and later still by the father of the present Collin Brothers, himself a great French pianist. Mr Chapman did not often play in public, but we find his name m conjunction with those of Messrs Weston (violin), Hartigan (ophicleide), and Winterbottom (bassoon) in a concert given at the Olympic Circus on February 5, 1853. He was not well adapted to the conduct of the music business, for he was very impatient with customers who gave him any trouble, some times saying sarcastic things, which were not always appreciated. One customer inquired if she might speak to Mr. Smith, whom she had been accustomed to see there. "He is not with us now," said Chapman. "Will you please let me know where I can find him?", was the next inquiry. "Well," said Chapman, "shortly after leaving me he was taken to the cemetery, but where he is now I would not like to say except that he always liked warm weather." Eventually, having sold his business to Messrs Wright and Rowden, he turned his attention elsewhere.


Teacher of psalmody, builder, architect

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1832
Died Hobart, 4 June 1855, in his 62nd year


"WESLEYAN SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION", The Hobart Town Courier (29 June 1832), 4

We would not be faithfully discharging our duty, if we omitted to notice the superior singing displayed by the children of this school, both on Sunday at divine services and also on Monday evening before the general meeting. We learned that the public derived this pleasure through the indefatigable exertions of Mr. Henry Chapman, whose ability in sacred singing, is so well known. He convened and attended the children on the week evenings, several weeks previous to the anniversary, and a special vote of thanks was unanimously given him at the meeting, for his said services. Above 800 children have been under tuition in this institution.

"WESLEYAN SCHOOL MEETING", The Hobart Town Courier (31 March 1837), 2

The singing of the children (taught, we believe, by a Mr. Chapman) was exceedingly creditable to both master and pupils. We wish we could hear and see something of the kind attempted at St. David's Church, where the congregation, instead of joining with, and participating in the psalmody, as a part of their devotions, seem rather to endure it as an interruption, to be employed in staring at the organ, or at each other.

"WESLEYAN CENTENARY CHAPEL", The Courier (27 November 1840), 3

"DIED", Colonial Times (6 June 1855), 2


Violoncellist, double bass player

Active Melbourne, by December 1853
Died Richmond, Melbourne, 10 August 1881


Chapman "violoncello ... from Jullian's Band and the Royal Italian Opera" [sic] made his "first appearance" in Melbourne at John Winterbottom's Grand Musical Festival in January 1854. He was an early member of the band of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, and a regular chamber music player. He played cello in a Mozart Quartet with Miska Hauser, Strebinger and King in June 1858, and with Edward Boulanger (piano) and King (violin) an early performance of Beethoven's C minor Piano Trio in Melbourne in January 1859.


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1854), 8

"MISKA HAUSER'S CONCERT", The Argus (4 June 1858), 4


"Deaths", The Argus (11 August 1881), 1


... Thanks, however, chiefly to my friend Mr. "Sam" Chapman, who was himself a 'cello player, but was then playing contra bass, I was soon elevated to the first desk ... My two first friends in the orchestra of the Philharmonic were Mr. Daniel ("Daddy") Hardman and Mr. "Sam" Chapman, 'cello and double bass players respectively ... Mr. "Sam" Chapman came to us from London, and was a member of the celebrated Julien band, one of the most efficient orchestras in Europe. He also played both 'cello and double bass, and was a fine solo player on the 'cello. On the double bass he had no rival, keeping the premier position till the close of his life. Chapman frequently spoke of the band he had belonged to, and told many anecdotes of the conductor. Julien's name was continually before the public in my early youth, and I had a great dislike of him because he turned my favourite operas and even symphonies into quadrille and other dance music. Opinion was much divided whether he was a great mountebank or a great musician. Chapman, however, was all in his favour, speaking of his enormous orchestras of 80 to 100 players, and the artists from all over the world who played with him. He objected, however, to Julien's extraordinary mode of dressing, and to his affectation of wearing new gloves when conducting any of Beethoven's works. At all events, it seems certain that there were never such concerts before or after as those of Julien's time ...

CHAPMAN, William (senior)

Violinist, orchestral and band leader, cornet-a-piston player, viola player

Born Sevenoaks, Kent, England, 29 April 1820
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 26 December 1849 (per Asiatic)
Died Adelaide, 1 January 1897, aged 76, in his 77th year

CHAPMAN, William (junior)


Born Sevenoaks, Kent, England
Died North Kensington, SA, 8 August 1930, aged 86


A Mr. Chapman was reportedly to make his debut on the cornet-a-piston at Adelaide's new Dramatic Hall in February 1850, the first of several documented appearances that year. By the following year, the Adelaide's main cornet player appears to have been a Mr. McCullagh, and Chapman reverted to playing violin.


"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (6 February 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 April 1850), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 October 1850), 2

"LAW AND POLICE COURTS", South Australian Register (24 September 1852), 3

"APPOINTMENTS", South Australian Register (9 June 1854), 3

"AMUSEMENTS", South Australian Register (23 August 1856), 4

... the concert was conducted by Herr Linger, and Mr. Chapman was the leader.

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register (22 April 1858), 2

Chapman's band formed the orchestra ...

"HANDEL COMMEMORATION FESTIVAL", South Australian Register (18 April 1859), 5

"MR. WHITE'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (18 May 1859), 2

"THE GROCERS' ASSOCIATION DINNER", The South Australian Advertiser (18 December 1863), 3

Chapman's band was in attendance, and its enlivening strains added a great deal to the enjoyment of the evening.

"THE LATE MR. WILLIAM CHAPMAN", The Advertiser (2 January 1897), 7

The death is announced at the age of 77 years of Mr. William Chapman, who was well-known in the city as "the father of the post-men." ... Mr. Chapman was born at Sevenoaks, Kent, England, on August 20, 1820, and was educated at the local school. He was afterwards apprenticed to the tailoring trade at Sevenoaks, and worked at the trade for some years in England, and also in South Australia with the late Messrs. G. Barclay and G. White. He arrived in the colony by the ship Asiatic on December 26, 1849, and had resided in Adelaide ever since, with the exception of two visits to the Victorian diggings in 1852 and 1853, though with little success. He entered the Government service as a letter-carrier on June 1, 1854, and held that position up till May 31, 1893, when he was compelled to resign owing to failing health, having completed 39 years in the Post-Office. Mr. Chapman was very fond of music and received his first lessons on the violin when only seven years old. He played with the celebrated Jullien's band in London in the early forties. For many years he was conductor of one of the first bands in Adelaide, being connected with the late Herr Carl Linger as leader of the choral society, which first produced the now well-known Song of Australia. He was in possession of a certificate from the Handel Commemoration Festival, given for services rendered at the first production of the Messiah and Alexander's Feast, in this colony. The certificate is signed by Mr. E. W. B. Glandfield, chairman, Herr Carl Linger, conductor, Mr. J. W. Daniel, choral master, and Mr. William Chapman, leader. There was not a ball or dance of any consequence for which he did not supply the music, being famed for accenting and timekeeping, and he was also a member of the Philharmonic Society which was instrumental in getting the beautiful organ now in the Town Hall. Chapman's Band was likewise well known at the flower shows and concerts, Victoria Theatre and operas. He could also play the cornet and viola when required to make up a part if short of a man. He was a life member of the Adelaide Liedertafel. Mr. Chapman was a Freemason, having been a member of the Lodge of Harmony No. 3 ...

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (4 January 1897), 4

"THIRTY YEARS IN STAGELAND, RECOLLECTIONS OF AN AMATEUR", South Australian Register (21 July 1900), 10

"Walked Six Times Around The Earth", The Register News-Pictorial (9 August 1930), 2


See under Kellermann family

CHARD, Daisy (Mrs. Rebecca ROWE)

Vocalist, actor

Born 1873/4
Died Adelaide, 18 September 1927, aged 53


"LYCEUM THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1898), 4

"DEATHS", The Register (19 September 1927), 8

"DAISY CHARD DEAD. FORMER VAUDEVILLE FAVOURITE", The Daily News (29 September 1927), 5

Through the death of Mrs. Rebecca Rowe, Victoria has lost a former stage favorite. From the age of three years until about 20 years ago Mrs. Rowe, as Miss Daisy Chard, followed the footlights in vaudeville and pantomime. She was 53 years of age, and was the wife of Mr. L. E. Rowe (proprietor of Empire Picture Theatre). She was buried on Monday at the Jewish Cemetery, West terrace. Mrs. Rowe was a daughter of Mrs. R. Cohen, of Toorak. When three years of age "Fascinating Daisy," as she was called, began a stage career with the first troupe of minstrels to visit Australia. The number that gained her fame was "The Whistling Coon," which was taught her by Larry Foley. Miss Chard kept a book of newspaper cuttings, which gave her movements from 1893. She was described in Western Australia as the most versatile vaudeville artist ever seen in that State. When four years old she appeared with Hosea Easton at the Princess Theatre, Melbourne. At one time, when engaged in pantomime at the Theatre Royal in the Victorian capital she knew Mr. John Fuller as a call boy. She played in Gilbert and Sullivan operas, and worked with John Sheridan, Bland Holt, Harry Rickards, Williamson and Musgrove, John Gourlay, Frank Clark, Charlie Cogill, Miss Ada Reeve and Rosa Towers ...

CHARRIERE, J. (? Joseph)

Professor of dancing, dancer, actor


Dancing teacher, actor

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 9 July 1841 (per Salazes, from Mauritius)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 22 January 1843 (per City of Aberdeen, for New Zealand)


The Charrieres (and their servant) arrived in Sydney from Paris via Mauritius on 9 July 1841 with Luigi Dalle Case's company, and first presented their credentials in a press advertisement on 16 July. Under the heading "DANCING Taught in Twenty Lessons", Monsieur Charriere announced that he would "forthwith ... open an ACADEMY" to receive pupils wanting to learn dancing in the "first Parisian Style". Madame Charriere offered to attend schools "where Young Ladies are taught Dancing" and the homes of "Ladies who al ready are perfect in the Dances hitherto in vogue" in order to "within a very short period teach the whole of the ELEGANT PARISIAN DANCES recently introduced". She stressed that she "does not intend Dancing in public" but would "devote her energies solely to Private Tuition", possibly because she was pregrant.

Mons. Charriere, meanwhile, made his local debut at the Royal Victoria Theatre on 17 August. Madame Charriere made her first Sydney stage appearance at the end of January 1842. Both appeared with the Gautrots in two French pieces (an opera and vaudeville) at Dalle Case's Australian Olympic Theatre in March.

In May this so-called "Foreign Operatic and Dramatic Company", with John and Eliza Bushelle, presented, in French, Gaveaux's "comic opera" The Buffo Singer and the Tailor and a vaudeville, My Wife and My Umbrella ("with songs, duets and choruses"). Gautrot and Charriere (with assistance from pupils) staged a ball in July which offered, among other things, "Spanish and Chinese Dances of the newest description".  Charriere continued to teach as a "professor of dancing" until the end of the year, when he announced that he had "retired from his profession in favour of Mr. John Clark, of King-street" to whom he "confidently and warmly" recommended his students. The Charrieres, with servant and child, sailed for New Zealand (and, more likely, beyond) on 22 January.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 July 1841), 2

[News], The Australian (13 July 1841), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (16 July 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 August 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (27 January 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (2 March 1842), 1

"THEATRE FRANCAIS", Australasian Chronicle (5 May 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (14 July 1842), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1843), 3

"DEPARTURES", Australasian Chronicle (24 January 1843), 3

CHATE, Alfred Henry

Double bass player

Born England, 1828; baptised St. Nicholas, Brighton, 31 December 1828
Active Melbourne, VIC, and Sydney, NSW, by 1853
Married Alarina PAUL, Sydney, NSW, 13 August 1855
Died Woolloomooloo, Sydney, NSW, 20 May 1876


"THE DIGGINGS", Brighton Gazette [England] (3 November 1853), 7

A great number of letters from Brighton emigrants have lately been received here their friends ... Mr. Henry Chate, tailor, has received a letter from his son. It appears that he has been with Winterbottom's musical corps in Sydney; and has done pretty well. They have latterly returned to Melbourne. Mr. Tucker, son of Mr. Tucker, Western Road, is the leader. He is called at Melbourne the English Paganini. Mr. Thom, who also went from Brighton, is engaged at the Theatre in Geelong. He leads the orchestra, and Mrs. Thom is engaged as an actress. Mrs. Thom took her benefit the Theatre, on July 16th, when nearly £100 was taken at the doors. Mr. Thom took his benefit the next night, and £107 was taken. The performances were Guy Mannering and a Concert. Many of our readers will doubtless remember Mr. Creed Royal, an excellent flute player. He is engaged in the same orchestra as Mr. Thom.

[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

SYDNEY UNIVERSITY MUSICAL FESTIVAL ... CONTRABASSI. Mr. Chapman, from Melbourne; Mr. J. Brown; Mr. A. H. Chate; And a gentleman amateur, member of the Philharmonic Society ...


Transcriber of Indigenous music

Born Datchet, Buckinghamshire, England 1816
Arrived South Australia, 1839
Died Ballarat, VIC, 9 April 1880

Transcription: Chant  of the Aboriginals at Swan River ("a line of one of their chants"), in R. Brough Smythe, The Aborigines of Victoria (1878), vol. 2, 266


"ARRIVALS", South Australian Register (19 October 1839), 3

"Deaths", The Argus (10 April 1880), 1

[News], Gippsland Times (12 April 1880), 3

Other references: On Chauncy, see R. Brough Smythe, The Aborigines of Victoria (1878), vol. 2, Appendix A, 221

also Mark Twain, Following the Equator (Hartford: American Publishing Co., 1897), 216

Bibliography and resources:




CHERRY, Martin Cronin

Amateur musician, bandmaster (Brigade Band, Balmain Band)

Active, before 1874
Died Balmain, NSW, 28 August 1898, aged 72


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1874), 1

VOLUNTEER LAND ORDERS. LOST, on the 16th December last, supposed between corner of King and George streets and top of William street ... viz. No. 72-47, originally issued to Martin Cherry, private Brigade Band, and transferred to W. C. Bundock, Esq., 8th February, 1872.

"BRIGADE PICNIC", Evening News (22 January 1875), 2

"DEATH OF MR. MARTIN CHERRY", Freeman's Journal (3 September 1898), 12

Mr. Martin Cronin Cherry, one of the best-known Irishmen in Sydney, a bright-witted genial soul, passed away at his late residence, "Monaleen," Clare-street, Balmain West, on the 28th inst. He had reached his 72nd year, but he preserved his wonderful gaiety of heart almost to the very last. For some four or five years Mr. Cherry suffered from rheumatism, but his chief concern in connection with this affliction was that it deprived him of the plea sure of dancing an Irish jig, an exercise which he maintained was essential to good health and true patriotism. It would be hard to name an Irish gathering held in Sydney for well-nigh half a century - sports, dancing, banquet, hurling, or picnic - from which he was absent. It might in truth be said of him, as it has been said of Shamus O'Brien, that he figured with equal grace at a christening, a wedding, or a funeral. Mr. Cherry enjoyed the personal friendship of Father Therry, Archdeacon M'Encroe, the Very Rev. Dr. Forrest, the learned and witty Rector of St. John's College, and Father George Dillon. He was one of Archdeacon M'Encroe's celebrated Temperance Brass Band, and was also a leading player in the first band formed in Balmain ...

CHERRY, Robert

Sergeant, (? band sergeant), ? bandmaster (2-14th Regiment)

Active Hobart, TAS, by 1869


"LAW COURTS", The South Australian Advertiser (20 May 1869), 3

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (3 August 1869), 1

"MUSICAL DAYS. HISTORY OF THE HOBART BANDS", The Mercury (30 August 1917), 2


Band of the 14th Regiment


Soprano vocalist, actor

See main page "Mrs. Chester, singer and actor"


Vocalist, ? composer, songwriter

Active Sydney, NSW, December 1834 to March 1835


Mrs. Child appeared for the first time in Sydney in Mr. Lewis's concert in December 1834 singing Bochsa's song Slowly wears the day, love and Haynes Bayly's We met! (though attributed to "Burnett"). The Monitor judged: "This lady has a good voice, and her attempts at expression were good, and we think she will, with practice, become a popular singer." She appeared again in Maria Taylor's concert in March 1835 singing Moore and Stevenson's Wilt thou say farewell, love and what appears to be billed as a song of her own composition, Farewell to love. A song "Farewell to Love sung by Miss Childe" was among new publications from Bland and Waller in London in 1817.

A London concert singer Miss Childe ("Of the Philharmonic and Ancient Concerts") had married bass singer Edward Seguin, and was appearing there as Mrs. E. Seguin by mid-1832; but I have been able to find no reference to any other public singer of that name active in homeland Britain immediately before of after 1834-35.


"REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS", New Monthly Magazine 8 (1 September 1817), 150

[Advertisement], The Australian (16 December 1834), 1

"Mr. Lewis's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (20 December 1834), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 December 1834), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (20 March 1835), 3

"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (28 March 1835), 2 

... Mrs. Child - attempted two songs, her style is very simple.

CHINNER, George Williams

Musical composition judge (Gawler Prize)

Born Oxford, England, 1825
Died Brighton, SA, 27 May 1880

CHINNER, William Bowen

Organist, composer, teacher of music

Died Adelaide, 2 July 1915 (son of the above)

Images (G.W.)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 October 1859), 1

"GAWLER MUSIC PRIZE", South Australian Register (5 November 1859), 2

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (28 May 1880), 4

"News", The South Australian Advertiser (29 May 1880), 5

G. W.Chinner, of Brighton, who was formerly a well-known draper in Rundle street ... He was distinguished for his knowledge of the musical science, and was one of the judges who awarded the prize to Herr Carl Linger for the music of The Song of Australia. Mr. Chinner's musical tastes and abilities are evidently inherited by his elder son, Mr. W. B. Chinner, the able organist, and Mr. G. F. Chinner. From 1864 to 1871 the deceased gentleman was one of the proprietor of this paper and of other journals issued from this office.

"News", The Register (3 July 1915), 8

Since the publication of his first organ composition, the copyright of which was purchased by a London firm, the late Mr. Chinner wrote many anthems, hymn tunes, sacred solos, and organ pieces, which were published and became widely popular. Of those particular mention may be made of the anthem Lord, God of heaven and earth, which is to be found in the repertory of almost every choir in the city and suburbs, and the pretty Andante in A flat for organ, which frequently appears in English and colonial programmes. Mr. Chinner wrote for choir and Sunday schools, among other cantatas, The Christian Magna Charta, The Prodigal Son, Solomon's Last Song, and The Light of the World. A brother of deceased, Mr. G. F. Chinner, frequently supplied the lyrics for the various compositions. Another brother of the late Mr. W. B. Chinner is Mr. J. H. Chinner (a former Mayor of Unley, and the well-known cartoonist).


Master of the band of the 28th Regiment, professor of music, composer

Born Rome, Italy, 1786
Joined 28th Regiment, 1828
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 20 January 1836 (with regiment, per John Barry)
Resigned from regiment, NSW, March 1842
Died Parramatta, NSW, 5 December 1858, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The Head Quarters and Band of the 28th Regiment disembarked in Sydney in January 1836. A fortnight later, a correspondent to the Gazette welcomed:

the arrival of Mr. Cheadile [sic], the first Italian band master this colony ever possessed. His band plays with more strength and pith than any other I have ever heard in this place ... their airs are rich and powerful, and their bass full of resonance.

"Mr. Cheadile", actually Vincenzo Chiodetti, a former student of the Academia di Santa Cecilia in Rome, next appeared in concert with his band for another recent arrival, William Vincent Wallace (playing the overture to The barber of Seville "in fine style"). In later years he also played for Isaac Nathan. Chiodetti was also active as a composer and teacher of composition. He presented his credentials in a press advertisement in 1839, though under duress, and in, for the young colony, under extraordinary - indeed, to that time, unique - circumstances, challenging his rival to a compositional duel:

Vinchenzo Chiodetti (from the city of Rome), Band master to Her Majesty's 28th Regiment, master of the first class of Music, knowing also Full Harmony, Legate e Fugate, having likewise a stamped Certificate to the above effect, which he can produce, HEARING that a certain Music Master in Sydney took the liberty of ridiculing him in presence of one of his Scholars, proposes to enter into a discussion on Music with that Gentleman ... Mr. Chiodetti is very sorry any Gentleman professing the Science of Music should so far forget himself as to ridicule one with whom he is not acquainted, and consequently cannot be a judge of his abilities as a Master of Music; everyone must live by his profession, that has one to depend upon only for his support, and the observations made by the Gentleman alluded to wore as unwarranted as unexpected ... If this Challenge is accepted, Mr. C will go to Sydney, or the Gentleman shall come to Parramatta, provided the expenses be paid by the parties defeated ... if no answer be received before a fortnight, Mr. C. will publish the name of the Gentleman and of his author.

Alas, we read nowhere of an outcome, if any, to Chiodetti's challenge, nor the name of the offending gentleman. But he received a further sleight to his reputation in 1843, and placed a very similar advertisement, this time naming his antagonist, a Windsor music teacher Frances Brown (Mrs. Hadsley), in January 1844.

One of the band of the 28th's last engagements was to play for Charles Nagel's The mock Catalani at the Royal Victoria Theatre in June 1842.

Already in April, however, Chiodetti had advertised his intention to leave the regiment (after 28 years service, in order to avoid going to India), and stay on and settle in West Maitland as a professor of music.

Alas, we have neither any of his compositions, nor names of any of his pupils. Chiodetti's first wife Maria (born Rome, 1788) died at Parramatta on 6 April 1840. Chiodetti remarried twice thereafter, to Eleanor McCabe, and to Anne Winter (married 23 January 1853). He died at his house in Phillip Street, Parramatta, in 1858, aged 72, survived by Anne and a daughter, Maria.


"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (21 January 1836), 2

"THE BAND OF THE 28TH", The Sydney Gazette (2 February 1836), 2

"LAST FRIDAY'S EVENING'S CONCERT (From a Correspondent)", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 March 1836)

"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (22 February 1841), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (13 February 1839), 2

"The late bandmaster of the Twenty-Eighth Regiment", The Hunter River Gazette; and Journal of Agriculture, Commerce, Politics, and News (18 June 1842), 3

"Music at Windsor", The Weekly Register 2/ 25 (13 January 1844), 381

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 April 1842), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 October 1849), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1858), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 January 1859), 1

In the Will of VINCENZO CHIODETTI, late of Parramatta, gentleman, deceased ...

Bibliography and resources:

Howard Malcolm, Travels in south-eastern Asia: embracing Hindustan, Malaya, Siam, and China; with notices of numerous missionary stations and a full account of the Burman empire, Volume 1 (Boston: Gould, Kendall, and Lincoln, 1839)

In late October 1835, while still in the Atlantic, the John Barry was becalmed. They met an American missionary vessel Louvre with Howard Malcolm on board; Malcolm recorded in his journal: "Friday, 30 October - The monotony of a calm (for the N. E. trade wind has already failed us,) has been agreeably relieved yesterday and to-day by the neighbourhood of two ships, much larger than our own:-one English, and the other American. The English ship, (the John Barry, of London,) is full of convicts for Sydney, in New South Wales: we understood the captain when he spoke us, that there were 200 of them. They swarmed on the whole deck, and in the rigging, while men under arms stood sentry over them. There were probably some troops also on board, as there were several officers on the quarter-deck, and a fine band of music. This was politely mustered yesterday, when we were as near as we could safely sail, and played for an hour or two, very delightfully. As the music swelled and died away in heaving and exquisite cadences - now gay - now plaintive, and now rising into martial pomp, it not only refreshed, and soothed, and exhilarated, but awakened trains of not unprofitable thought. They belonged to our fatherland - they came from the noblest nation earth ever saw - they were but lately arrayed against us in horrid war - they bore to a distant home, a motley crew of refined and vulgar, educated, and ignorant, now reduced by sin to common convicts, and perpetual banishment.

Thanks: To Jen Willett for sharing this information from her website

CHISHOLM, Marquis (James)

Pianist, "harmoniumist", composer

Born Neilston, Scotland, 1837
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, August 1862 (per Great Britain)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 27 May 1863 (per Monita, for Shanghai)
Died Toronto, Canada, 1877


[Advertisement], The Argus (12 June 1862), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 August 1862), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 August 1862), 8

MISS AITKEN will give her inimitable READINGS of Tennyson's MAY QUEEN, with descriptive music, composed by Mr. Marquis Chisholm, at the Exhibition Building, on Tuesday evening.

[News], The Argus (27 August 1862), 5

Between the various items of the programme Mr. Marquis Chisholm performed a selection of operatic and Scotch music on the harmonium, and received several encores. He appears to combine delicacy with decision of touch, and to evade, with considerable dexterity, the difficulties which this instrument offers to the executant upon it of lively music.

"MISS AITKEN", Bendigo Advertiser (30 September 1862), 3

"THEATRE ROYAL. THE DEAD HEROES", The Mercury (1 November 1862), 4

For Monday, a general holiday, an important novelty is announced, "The Dead Heroes", which purports to be a kind of musical picture of the progress and disastrous termination of the Victorian Exploring Expedition. The attempt to portray the leading events of such an enterprise by music only without the aid of words is a bold one, but we are assured that it has been successfully executed, and that a musical treat of no ordinary character may on this occasion be expected. [Note, this followed some months after Poussard and Douay's "Dead Heroes", and was likely to have been prompted by their success with the concept, and perhaps modelled directly on theirs; note that Robert Smythe, later Amelia Bailey's husband, acted as agent and manager for all of them.]

[News], The Argus (4 March 1863), 5

"THEATRICAL", Empire (28 may 1863), 5

"MR. MARQUIS CHISHOLM AT JAPAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (31 December 1864), 2

"A CHINESE GIANT", The Lancet (9 September 1865), 303

"JAPANESE MUSIC", The London and China Telegraph (10 June 1867), 296

"Town Talk and Table Chat", The Cornwall Chronicle (27 July 1867), 4

Mr. Marquis Chisholm, who it will be remembered accompanied Miss Aitkin to this colony some years back, and so shamefully libelled the people of Tasmania on his return to Scotland, has now settled in Greenock, and has opened a pianoforte and Harmonium warehouse in West Blackhall-street in that town.

Musical works:

Starlight polka (by Marquis Chisholm. Just Published (with portrait of the composer). Price, 3s. Mr. Stewart, musicseller, 10 Collins-street east) [Advertisement], The Argus (19 March 1863), 8

Marquis Chisholm, The adventures of a travelling musician in Australia, China & Japan ([London?: s.n.], 1865)

Bibliography and resources:

David Baptie, Musical Scotland, past and present: being a dictionary of Scottish musicians, 29-30

Young Japan: Yokohama and Yedo: a narrative of the settlement and the city from the signing of the treaties in 1858, to the close of the year 1879 (Trubner & Co. [Yokohama, Kelly & co., print.], 1880)

4th October 1868. The monotony of social life was broken about this time, by the arrival of some musical artists from Australia. They were Miss Bailey, Mr. Marquis Chisholm, Mr. Sipp and Signor Robbio.


Musician, violinist, bellringer, carpenter

Born Kent, England, March 1811 (query)
Married Sarah Kingsnorth, Bethersden, Kent, England, 15 February 1834
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 June 1838 (assisted immigrant per Westminster)
Active NSW, by 1851
Died Nelson, NZ, 20 May 1879, "aged 74 yrs" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CHITTENDEN, George (junior)

Violoncello player

Born Bislington, Kent, England, 1834; baptised 21 December 1834
Died Singleton, NSW, 2 October 1875, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Violinist, ? dancing master

Born Maitland, NSW, 1842
Died Blenheim, NZ, 24 October 1921

CHITTENDEN, Miss (? Eliza)


New South Wales, Assisted immigrant passenger list, June 1838, Westminster (State Archives and records NSW)

91. Chittenden, Geo., 27, Carpenter & joiner; 92. Chittenden, Sarah, 25; 93. Chittenden, Geo., 4; 94. Chittenden, Eliza, inf.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1851), 1 

MALCOM'S ROYAL AUSTRALIAN CIRCUS, York-street, under the entire management of Mr. Charles Axtelle ... Leader of the orchestra, Mr. Chittenden ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 August 1851), 1 

MALCOM'S ROYAL AUSTRALIAN CIRCUS, YORK-STREET ... Leader of the orchestra, Mr. Chittenden, Jun. ...

"SUMMONS FOR WAGES", Empire (4 October 1851), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (22 October 1853), 2 

... Mr. Chittenden Jun, plays the violin with good taste. In short the whole affair is much superior to anything we anticipated ...

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (1 April 1854), 3

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (16 September 1854), 3

"THEATRICAL", Bathurst Free Press (17 June 1854), 2

In consequence of the inclemency of the season the theatre has been but indifferently attended of late, and the absence of music by reason of the sickness of the Chittenden family has operated as an additional drawback ... Macbeth is in course of preparation for Mr. Cox's benefit, on which occasion new scenery will be presented. We trust that the efforts of the Manager to cater for public amusement will not be unappreciated, as from the convalescence of the Chittendens, and for other reasons which it is now unnecessary to detail, we understand that our Thespian temple will regain something more than it has lost.

"HORSE STEALING", Bathurst Free Press (21 April 1855), 2

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (28 June 1856), 1

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (31 January 1857), 3

"BELL RINGING", Bathurst Free Press (30 May 1857), 2

[Advertisement], Wellington Independent (14 July 1858), 2 


"TOPICS OF THE DAY. The Campbell Minstrels", The South Australian Advertiser (19 December 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1864), 1

"SINGLETON. SIR WALTER SCOTT'S CENTENARY", The Maitland Mercury (17 August 1871), 1

"UNITED ST ANDREW'S LODGE. To the Editor", The Singleton Argus (2 October 1875), 3

"Died", The Singleton Argus (6 October 1875), 2

"DEATHS", Nelson Evening Mail (17 May 1879), 2 

"UP AND DOWNS OF LIFE (By J. STANLEY)", National Advocate (14 June 1913), 7 

... The three Chittendens, father and two sons, played in the "Court Minstrels." They lived in Koppel-street and hung the first peal of bells in All Saints ...


Professor of Sacred Music, conductor, vocal instructor (late pupil of Hullah), psalmody instructor

Born Bowerchalk, Wiltshire, England, c.1817/18
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 September 1854 (assisted immigrant per Tantivy)
Died Ashfield, Sydney, NSW, 29 August 1884, aged 67 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also:'s+Vocal+Music+Association (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A Baptist and a pupil of Hullah, Charles Chizlett advertised his first Sydney vocal classes in 1855. With the assistance of Dr. Woolley and Charles Packer, Chizlett formed the Sydney People's Vocal Music Association out of his former vocal classes in 1859. In July 1861 the society gave him a benefit concert (Haydn's Creation). For 27 years he was teacher of vocal music in the National and Public Schools of Sydney. Though suffering from severe physical disability, he was still teaching music at Sydney Technical College in March 1884, only months before his death.


[Advertisement], Empire (24 November 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1856), 1

"HOLT IN LUCK'S WAY", Bell's Life in Sydney (14 June 1856), 2

"THE NATIONAL SCHOOLS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1857), 4

[Letter] "To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 July 1858), 5

"GRAND SOIREE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 November 1858), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1859), 12

[Letter] "TO THE EDITOR", Empire (31 May 1859), 5

[Advertisement]: "PROSPECTUS OF THE PEOPLE'S VOCAL MUSIC ASSOCIATION", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 August 1859), 6

"SYDNEY VOCAL MUSIC ASSOCIATION", The Australian Home Companion (5 November 1859), 23

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1861), 1

[Advertisement]: "CHIZLETT TESTIMONIAL FUND", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1880), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1884), 2

"NEWS  OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1884), 13

Those intimate with the musical world will sincerely regret to hear of the death of Mr. Chizlett, who for many years had held a prominent position as a teacher of vocal music to Sydney. Many of the most successful vocalists of the past, as well as many promising ones of the future, owe their primary musical education to Mr. Chizlett, who through his life stuck tenaciously to the system adopted by the late Mr. John Hullah, whose pupil he was ...

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1884), 1

CHRISTEN, Hugo John (Johannes)

Bass vocalist

Born 1839/40
Active Adelaide, by 1859
Died North Sydney, 17 March 1898, aged 58


"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (16 June 1859), 2

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S FAREWELL CONCERT", South Australian Register (9 December 1859), 3

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (6August 1869), 2

"ANGASTON, JULY 5", The South Australian Advertiser (8 July 1872), 3

The Draeger family, assisted by Herr Christen (basso profundo), performed at the Institute. The room was tolerably well filled. Mr. Christen has a splendid bass voice, and his songs were a great treat.

"THE SYDNEY LIEDERTAFEL", Goulburn Evening Post (13 November 1894), 4

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1898), 1

"BREVITIES", Evening News (21 March 1898), 4

The funeral of the late Mr. Hugo John Christen, of East Crescent-street, Blue's Point, took place on Saturday, the remains being interred in St. Thomas's Cemetery, North Sydney. In addition to the relatives of the deceased there were also present several members of the Sydney Liedertafel, of which the deceased was one of the oldest members.

CHRISTIAN, Mary Ellen (Madame CHRISTIAN, R.A.M; earlier Miss; Sister)

Contralto vocalist, teacher of singing (pupil of Manuel Garcia; teacher of Melba)

Born Quebec, Canada, 1848 (of English parents)
Arrived Australia, 1871
Died Potts Point, NSW, 31 May 1941, aged 93




"THE FORTHCOMING EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1872), 4

"MADAME ARABELLA GODDARD'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1873), 4

"MADAME A. GODDARD'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1873), 4

"MADAME CHRISTIAN'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (3 October 1894), 6

"At 90, Melba's Teacher Still Works On ...", The Australian Women's Weekly (16 July 1938), 2

"OBITUARY. MADAME CHRISTIAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1941), 4

"Madame Christian Dead at 93. Sister of Charity World-Famous Singing Teacher", The Catholic Press (5 June 1941), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Samantha Frappell, "Christian, Mary Ellen", Dictionary of Sydney (2011)

Associations: Teacher of Nellie Melba, Ella Caspers 


Teacher of music, violinist, phonographer, alderman

Active Newcastle, 1876
Died Sydney, 15 June 1916

Image: Victoria Theatre, Newcastle, 1876: Colin Christie, Leader; Margaret, piano; Alex, violin; Colin, flute. This image was scanned from a photograph in the Newcastle and Hunter District Historical Society archives which are held by Cultural Collections at the University of Newcastle, Australia.


"MARRIAGE", The Maitland Mercury (5 April 1859), 3

"THE CHRISTIE FAMILY", The Maitland Mercury (3 December 1874), 3

Mr. Colin Christie, of Newcastle, and his talented family, gave a vocal and instrumental concert in the School of Arts, West Maitland, last evening, and it must have been matter for regret to those who desire to see merit acknowledged that there was not a larger attendance. The entertainment is one well deserving of patronage. Mr Christie's family - all young children - are undoubtedly clever, and he has reason to be proud of them, the more so as they received their tuition entirely from himself. Their entertainment consisted of songs, concerted vocal pieces, instrumental solos, and music from the full band of juvenile performers, and the audience, though not large, were highly pleased. Mr Christie may therefore reasonably hope, as the merits of his entertainment become better known, to receive more general patronage. The performance of Master James Christie on the violin, "Blue Bells of Scotland," with variations, would have done credit to a much older player. The lad gives promise of becoming a first-class soloist.

"To the Editor", Newcastle Morning Herald (23 July 1877), 3

"CITY HALL", Newcastle Morning Herald (10 November 1877), 5

... the Christie family displayed their versa[ti]lity in some charming glees, comic renderings, and pieces of concerted music. 1878: A very successful quadrille party was held in the City Hall in the evening, when dancing was kept up till a late hour to the music of Mr. Christie and family's excellent string band.

"St. Patrick's Day Excursion", Newcastle Morning Herald (19 March 1878), 2

"DEATH OF MR. COLIN CHRISTIE", Newcastle Morning Herald (17 June 1916), 5

"THE LATE MR. COLIN CHRISTIE. A VIRILE PERSONALITY", Newcastle Morning Herald (19 June 1916), 4

... The late Mr. Christie was a self-made man of the vigorous, unbending, pushful type, who met obstacles only to overcome them. ... The deceased gentleman was also an accomplished musician, and it is probable that he was more widely-known through music than in any of his other manifold and always capable parts. He was a good musician and sound in technique, as one would imagine. It was, however, an a teacher that he was at his best. He could play practically any instrument, though the violin was the most treasured. He loved to hear a violin well played. He made his pupils play well, and his own sons and daughters, by inherited love of music and by hard practice, were all capable musicians, with probably one exception, the exception in this case that proved the rule. He made his pupils practice long and continuously. It is said that he was a hard taskmaster in the imparting of his knowledge, but he only had in mind the benefit of the student. "I won't have a pupil unless he or she is willing to learn. I won't have them wasting my time and their own," he would say, and so they practised and studied or else out they went. In orchestration the late Mr. Christie was widely known, both to the musical fraternity and to the lay members of the community who listened at concerts or engaged in dancing as a pastime. In Newcastle no name is more honourably or pleasurably associated with music than that of "Christie," firstly in the man who has just passed away, and in his children.


Musician, pianist, violinist, music teacher

Active Sydney, by 1889
Died Vaucluse, 22 July 1938, aged 80


[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1889), 6

Mr. Hector R. Maclean, the local hon. secretary for the Trinity College (London) musical examinations held annually in this city, had just received the following official report with reference to the examination held in June last. Senior Division. Honours certificates: Margaret Mary Marsden, Arthur J. Mason ... Pass certificates: Millie Barker, Christiana Marsden, Samuel Chudleigh, Hillstead Robinson, Ethel Mary King ...

"Newington College Rifle Club", Evening News (30 May 1891), 5

The Petersham Harmonic Society, under the conductor, Mr. J. Thornton, and their leader, Mr. S. Chudleigh, rendered good selections of instrumental music of a very high-class character.

"SYDNEY COLLEGE OF MUSIC. ANNUAL EXAMINATIONS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 December 1899), 7

Mr. S. Gordon Lavers, registrar of the college, forwards the following official report with reference to the sixth annual examination, theoretical and practical, just concluded. The diminution subjects were pianoforte, organ, violin, singing, harmony, and counterpoint, and the examiners were Messrs Frank Down, Samuel Chudleigh, Albert Fisher, Roberto Hazon, S. Gordon Lavers, Hector R. Maclean, Joseph Massey, Fred Morley, Laurance Phillip, Alexander Rea, Herbert H. Rice, J. Edward Sykes, Ernest P. Truman, and Montague Younger.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1938), 16

"MR. S. CHUDLEIGH", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1938), 9

Mr. Samuel Chudleigh, who died at Vaucluse aged 80 years, was regarded as the doyen of music teachers in Sydney. He had been associated with Paling's for 40 years as a teacher of piano and violin, and had a wide circle of friends and acquaintances in the music world. He was actively connected with the old Amateur Orchestral Society, and with the Sydney Philharmonic Society during the time that Signor Hazon was conductor. For nearly half a century he was associated with the London College of Music and was organising secretary for 40 years.


Violin teacher of: Cyril Monk; piano teacher of Frederick Halliwell Grindrod



Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1841


[Launceston news], Colonial Times (11 May 1841), 4

CLANCY, Elizabeth (Mrs. Thomas CLANCY; Elizabeth FIELD)

Soprano vocalist, music teacher

Born ? Bath, Somerset, England, c.1807
Arrived Hobart, c.1837
Active Sydney, 1838 until January 1850 or later
Died Sydney, 28 May 1860, aged 53 (TROVE user tag, results from 1838-1860 only)


Her father was James Field, a musician and music teacher, who at the time of his death on 9 October 1822 was 43 years old, organist of the Argyle Chapel, Bath, and resident in Hanover Street. James was probably a brother of Thomas Field (d. 1831), organist of Bath Abbey from 1794 to his death, who was in turn father of the pianist Henry Ibbot Field (1797-1848); the pianist-composer John Field (1782-1837), who also lived in Bath briefly in 1793, was not related. After James's death, his widow Julia Field (d. 1857, aged 67) opened a girls school at Kingsmead Terrace, Bath, before working in other schools at Frome Selwood, Somerset, and later in London, where from 1840 she ran Whitelands College, Chelsea, with the help of her younger daughter Ellen Julia (until she married in 1843).

"DIED", Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette (17 October 1822), 3

Wednesday [9th] died, Mr. Jas. Filed, the much-respected organist of Argyle-Chapel, and son of the late Mr. Thos. Field, watchmaker, of this city.

Deirdre Dare and Melissa Hardie, A passion for nature: 19th-century naturalism in the circle of Charles Alexander Johns (Penzance: Hypatia Publications, 2008), 99, 193-94

In Sydney in January 1838, Elizabeth Clancy advertised her intention to open a day school for young ladies offering instruction in music. At the end of the month she made her public debut singing in William Vincent Wallace's final Oratorio in St. Mary's Cathedral. She appeared regularly in Sydney concerts with the Bushelles, Deanes, and Gautrots, and in the early 1840s also sang in St. Mary's Cathedral choir. Her last documented concert appearances were for the Deanes in January 1844, however she continued to teach pianoforte and singing into 1850.


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 November 1837), 7

[Advertisement], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch (22 December 1837), 8

. . . ROBERT WILSON (late foreman to Mr. Kean) begs leave to inform his Friends and the Public generally, that he has opened the shop No. 55, Elizabeth street, formerly occupied by Mr. Clancy, Tailor . . . Dec. 12, 1837

? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Hobart Town Courier (22 December 1837), 2

DEPARTURES. [Dec.] 14 - the bark Susan, 572 tons, Neatby, for Sydney, in ballast - passengers . . . Mr. J. Clancy, wife and 2 children.

[Advertisement], The Australian (19 January 1838), 3

MRS CLANCY BEGS leave to inform the Public, that she intends opening a Day School for Young Ladies on Monday, the 28th Instant; Instruction in Music, with, the general routine of English Education. Terms may be known on application to Mrs C. at her Residence, 14, King-street. January 17, 1838.

"THE ORATORIO", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 February 1838), 2

. . . Mrs. Clancy, whom we never had the pleasure to hear before, sang with much taste and feeling; her voice, which must be very effective in a smaller room, did not however possess sufficient power and compass to enable her to do herself justice in so large a building, perched up as the performers were in the out of the way gallery in which the managers had mewed them up . . .

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Monitor (5 February 1838), 2-3

. . . Mrs. Clancy sang "With verdure clad." This is a sweet pastoral air, and after our ears had been gratified with the grander efforts of musical talent, the soft symphonious strains of this piece, sung in a very sweet and chaste, though not powerful manner, had an excellent effect . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (9 March 1838), 1

T. CLANCY, Formerly Foreman to Mr. Myers, of 36, Conduit-street, Bond-Street, London, Tailor to the Royal Family, BEGS leave to inform the Public that he intends commencing business in the above line, on Monday, the 12th inst, when he flatters himself, from his experience in so fashionable a house, he will be able to give satisfaction to those Gentlemen who may favour him with their support. N.B. - Regimentals and Navy Uniforms executed in a superior style. 14, King-street.

[Advertisement], The Australian (27 July 1838), 3

"TO CORRESPONDENTS", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (30 January 1839), 2

"A Strict Observer of the Performance" of Mr. Deane's Concert, this day week, has been received; but, on account of its personality, and its not being in accordance with our sentiments, is in admissible. We shall have no objection to insert the communication as an advertisement. With reference to Mrs. Clancy's performance at the Concert, we do feel a little astonished at her failure upon that occasion, when we contrast her excellent execution, and the melody of her tones, at St. Mary's Cathedral, on Sunday last. The only way that we can account for this failure, is that the selections for her part in the Concert, were the worst that possibly could have been made. In future, we should recommend her to select for herself simple national ballads, to which her soft musical voice gives expression. This we really recommend, not only for the gratification of the audience, but also for her celebrity as a singer.

"ST. MARY'S ORGAN", Australasian Chronicle (27 July 1841), 2

P.S. Haydn's No. I, with a portion of Mozart's I. and II., went off in fine style on Sunday last, and Mrs. Clancy, who is in herself a host, will strengthen the sopranos in future.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1844), 1

"To the Editor", Australasian Chronicle (14 March 1843), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1850), 1

MRS. CLANCY begs leave to inform her friends and the public, she is prepared to receive Pupils, at her residence, or to go out to then for Pianoforte and Singing. Terms moderate. 123 King-street.

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1851), 3

BIRTHS. On the 10th June, instant, at her residence, King-street East, the wife of Mr. Thomas Clancy, of a son.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1859), 1

THOMAS CLANCY, Tailor, &c, begs leave to inform his friends and the public that he has REMOVED from his old premises in King-street, to Market-street East, within one door of Castlereagh-street.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 May 1860), 1

On the 28th instant, at her residence, Market-street, aged 53, Elizabeth Clancy, daughter of the late James Field, of Bath, and the beloved wife of Mr. Thomas Clancy, of this city, deeply regretted by a large circle of friends. Bath papers please copy.

"SUDDEN DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1867), 4

"CORONER'S INQUEST", Sydney Mail (6 July 1867), 2

An inquiry was held before the City Coroner, on Wednesday, at his office, respecting the death of Thomas Clancy, 81 years of age. Deceased was a tailor, and resided with his son-in-law at Enmore; he enjoyed good health . . .

"William Vincent Wallace, the Composer. BY ALCIPHRON JONES", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (19 March 1881), 446 

... At the several concerts, given by William Vincent Wallace in Sydney, he was assisted by Mons. and Madame Gautrot [untrue], both accomplished artists, Mrs. Clancy (a cousin of the celebrated George Field, of Bath, and the daughter of an organist of St. Paul's, London), not to mention the principal instrumentalists that took part in those entertainments ...


Builder and musical instrument maker

Active ? Sydney, 1840 (but perhaps never arrived)


"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", The Colonist (7 March 1840), 2

CLARK, Benjamin

Tenor vocalist

Active Melbourne, by 1870


"SPORTING AND THEATRICAL NOTES", South Bourke Standard (29 July 1870), 3

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. MARITANA", The Argus (6 December 1876), 6 ; [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 June 1885), 2

Mr. Benjamin Clark is not new to Melbourne, having at one time been a pupil of Mr. Albert Richardson. Having adopted singing as a profession, in which he has worked hard during the last seven years in San Francisco, he returns for a short visit to Melbourne, with a naturally good voice brought by cultivation into admirable condition for effective use. It is a light tenor voice of high range, extending to C in alt, and of a very sweet and agreeable quality of tone. He has learned how to control it when using it in the higher range, so that no suspicion of harshness appears about it. This excellent acquirement is invaluable when singing such a song as "There is a flower that bloometh", or in taking part in such a duet as '"Oh, Maritana."

CLARK, Harriet (Mrs.)

School teacher

Born England, about 1786/7
Arrived Sydney, 8 January 1833 ("50 years of age", free per Palambam, from London, 24 August 1832)
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 13 February 1856, aged 70 years

CLARK, Harriet Catherine (Mrs. David ANDERSON)

Teacher of music and dancing, piano tuner, school teacher

Born Rochester, England, c. 1808; baptised St. Nicholas, Rochester, 24 April 1808
Arrived Sydney, 8 January 1833 ("25 years of age", free per Palambam, from London, 24 August 1832)
Married David Anderson, St. Philip's, Sydney, 27 June 1833
Died Paddington, NSW, 3 October 1887


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 February 1833), 3

MISS CLARK, lately from England, most respectfully announces to the Inhabitants of Sydney and its vicinity, that she intends, on Monday, the 3d February, opening a School for the reception of young Ladies. Miss C. has been regularly instructed for a Governess, and accustomed to tuition, having been principal Assistant in a Ladies' seminary nearly 3 years, and can produce letters to that effect, and give the most unquestionable references. She flatters herself, that by unwearied attention to those young Ladies entrusted to her care, she shall merit and obtain a share of public patronage and support. Miss C. will, if required, instruct young Ladies in French, Music, Drafting, and Dancing, at their respective homes. Pianofortes tuned at the usual price. For cards of terms, apply to Mr. Fenwick, Baker, George street, at the Offices of the Sydney Gazette and Sydney Herald, or at No. 5 Goulburn street, near Pitt-street.

"MARRIED", The Sydney Monitor (29 June 1833), 3

MARRIED - On the 27th instant, at St. Philip's Church, DAVID ANDERSON, of York-street, Baker, to HARRIET CATHERINE CLARK, of Pitt Street, Teacher of Music.

"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (10 July 1833), 2-3 (AFTERNOON)

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1856), 8

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 October 1887), 1

CLARK, James

Music Master, theatre band musician, horn and bugle player, music copyist

Active Hobart, 1837


Hobart's barely completed New Theatre Royal opened for the first time on 6 March 1837, with Morton's Speed the Plough. On 9 March one James Clark appeared in court charged with drunkenness. On 23 March James Clark ("calling himself a Musician and Music Laster, but with his old rough ragged coat ... bore more the appearance of a costermonger") was accused of having robbed a builder. He was acquitted. Of interest however is his rather specialised claim to be "principal French horn and bugle player, and music copyer, at the New Theatre" (though for Speed the Plough, the band of the 21st Fusileers had performed).


"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (21 March 1837), 10

"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (28 March 1837), 8


CLARK, Charles Miller (the elder)

Dancing master

Born Scotland, c.1810 (elder brother of John Clark)
Arrived NSW, ? 1838
? Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1840
Died West Maitland, 14 January 1870 (in the 60th year of his age)


Clark was an innkeeper at West Maitland when faced with insolvency proceedings in 1843. At the inquest into his wife's death in 1863, he was "a master of dancing, residing in Devonshire-street, West Maitland". After his death early in 1871, his dancing academy was taken over by his nephew from Sydney, also Charles Miller Clark (son of William Clark), who by 1875 was also a West Maitland music-seller.


[Advertisement], Port Philip Gazette (3 June 1840), 2 

Tuition in Dancing. MR. CHARLES CLARK, Teacher of Dancing, Respectfully announces to the Public of Melbourne and its vicinity, his arrival in the Colony, and intention of following his profession in Melbourne. Mr. Clark will be ready after Thursday next to devote his attention to the tuition of families and schools, in all the fashionable dances now practised in Paris, London, and Edinburgh, viz.: - Quadrilles, Waltzes, Gallopades, Mazourkas, &c., &c.; and he trusts that from his long experience in his profession, he will succeed in giving satisfaction to such parents and guardians as may honor him with their patronage. Cards of address may he obtained on applicalion at the Book and Stationery Warehouse, Collins-street. Lessons on the Violin, 2nd June.

"INSOLVENCY PROCEEDINGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1843), 2

"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Maitland Mercury (6 August 1863), 2

"DEATHS ... Charles Miller Clarke" [sic], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 January 1870), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 February 1871), 1


Dancing master, professor of dancing

Born Scotland, c.1814
Arrived Sydney, by 3 May 1838
Died Sydney, 1 June 1871, aged 57 (in the 57th year of his age)


John Clark was one of at least four sons of Nicol Clark (c.1791-1854), publican of Parramatta and Baulkum Hills, three of whom were dancing masters (also William and Charles). According to Clark's obituary (1871), he had arrived in Sydney 31 years earlier (1840). According to a press advertisement, at least one of the dancing-master Clarks was, in May 1838, "very recently arrived in the colony". Earlier still, on New Years Day 1838, a "Mr. Clark" had danced a highland fling at the Emigrants' Annual Ball. "J. Clark, Professor of Dancing, Macquarie-street" is unambiguously identified in 1840. Charriere recommended his former pupils to Clark on his departure form the colony in 1843. Clark again danced a highland fling at a masonic benefit for the orchestra leader John Gibbs at the Royal Victoria Theatre in June 1849. Clark held his annual ball for the first time at his New Assembly Rooms in Elizabeth-Street North, on New Year's Day 1846, and remained in the same premises for the rest of the 30 years during which he was "principal dancing master" of the colony. He judged a Scottish dancing contest at Sydney's New Year "Highland Gathering" in 1871, and died in 1871.


"THE EMIGRANTS' ANNUAL BALL", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 January 1838), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 May 1838), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (8 July 1840), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (27 December 1845), 1

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (16 June 1849), 3

"THE HIGHLAND GATHERING", Empire (3 January 1871), 2

"DEATHS", Empire (2 June 1871), 1

"DEATH OF MR. JOHN CLARK", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1871), 5

CLARK, William

Professor of dancing

Active Parramatta, Sydney, Windsor, c.1848-59
Died Athol Gardens, Bradley's Head, NSW, 1 June 1882, aged 55


Brother of John Clark and Charles Miller Clark (the elder), in 1848 "WILLIAM CLARK, Professor of Dancing, Parramatta" announced that he would also teach from city premises in Pitt-street. He was still running a Dancing Academy in Pitt Street and a Subscription Ball at Windsor in 1859. His son, Charles Miller Clark (the younger) was also a dancing master.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 February 1848), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1859), 1

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 June 1882), 1

CLARK, Charles Miller (junior)

Music seller, professor of dancing

Born NSW, 1849
Active Sydney and Maitland, NSW, 1870s
Died Edgecliff, NSW, 8 April 1931


"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1872), 1 


Tenor and countertenor vocalist

Active Sydney, 1820s


In the first Sydney Amateur Concert in June 1826, Mr. Clarke sang in Callcott's glee Peace to the souls of the heroes and in a duet Now at Moon-light's Fairy hour, and at the second concert was judged by the Gazette to be "a gentleman who promises to become a considerable acquisition to the vocal department". He continued to appear throughout the series, and (evidence that he was a professional) took his benefit in January 1827. Perhaps he was the same person as the Clark(e) active in the 1830s (see below).


"AMATEUR CONCERT", The Monitor (9 June 1826), 4

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 June 1826), 3

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (26 August 1826), 3

"Subscription Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 January 1827), 2


Tenor vocalist, violinist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1835

CLARKE, Francis

Vocalist, architect

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1833


One, two or possibly three musicians, two associated with Sydney concerts and theatre in the mid 1830s, but not known to be related to the Hobart-based theatre singer Mrs (Anne) Clarke, who first worked in Sydney theatre in 1838. A "Mr. Clark ... favoured the company with songs" at a St. George's Day Dinner as well as singing in Thomas Stubbs's concert, both in April 1835.

At the Theatre Royal in May 1835 Mr. Clarke was billed as "leader of the Band" from the forthcoming season, but is mentioned merely as a fiddle player in the theatre orchestra (along with Spyer and Cavendish) in June 1835.

In June 1836, "Mr. Clark" sang tenor in the choir at St. Mary's (along with Cavendish, Wallace, Deane, John Bushell(e) and Mrs. Rust), on which occasion the Protestant Colonist lamented:

To think of all the fiddlers and dancing-masters of the colony congregated on the Lord's day in the Roman Catholic chapel ... to think of their performing in Mr. Barnett Levey's Theatre on Saturday, and performing (for it is the same word that must be used in both cases) in Bishop Poulding's church (we had almost said theatre too) on Sunday.

According to eyewitness Columbus Fitzpatrick, this was Francis Clarke the architect:

... the day on which our venerated Archbishop first landed in Sydney [1836] ... poor Cavendish (who was drowned with his sister off Bradley's Head in after years) had charge of the choir ... Mr. Clarke the architect was a fine singer also lent his aid.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 August 1833), 3

"The Concert", The Sydney Monitor (25 April 1835), 3

"St. George's Dinner", The Sydney Monitor (25 April 1835), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (4 May 1835), 3

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 June 1835), 2

Mrs T. kept walking up and down by the foot lights for several minutes, beseeching one or other of our crack violin players to accompany her, but all in vain. Mr. Clarke's fiddle was mute, and Mr. Spyers's bow had, as we suppose, been soaped by some mischievous wight, "for the deuce a bow would either of them draw.

"ST. MARY'S CHURCH", The Colonist (2 June 1836), 4

Bibliography and resources:

C. J. Duffy (ed.), Catholic religious and social life in the Macquarie era: as portrayed in the letters of Columbus Fitzpatrick (1810-1878) (Sydney: Catholic Press Newspaper Company, Ltd., 1966), 17-19

Patrick O'Farrell, Documents in Australian Catholic history: 1788-1883 (Sydney: G. Chapman, 1969), 32-33

CLARK, Mrs. Charles (Mrs. Chas. CLARK)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1874-76



"THE KRUSE CONCERT", The Age (24 May 1875), 3

... The instrumental portion of the entertainment was varied, including Batiste's Offertoire in D, for the organ, played by Mr. Plaisted; Reissiger's quintette, played by Mrs. Chas. Clark at the piano; Messrs. E. King, A. King, and E. King (violins), and Mr. Montague (violoncello). Mr. Anderson and Miss Griffiths, of the Royal Academy of Music, gave piano solos in a creditable manner; and Mr. Julius Siede played his charming flute solo from Elisir d'Amore; and lastly, Master Kruse furnished strong argument to show why his talent should be encouraged in the most proper manner by educating it, by playing two violin solos ...

"AMUSEMENTS", Leader (29 May 1875), 18 

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 May 1876), 2 

MONDAY, MAY 15. At Twelve O'clock. Under Instructions from Mrs. Charles Clark. MAGNIFICENT OBLIQUE TRICHORD CONCERT GRAND PIANO, In Walnut, By PLEYEL. To Connoisseurs, Musicians, and Others. GEMMELL, TUCKETT, and Co. ... ... rich full tone, nearly new, and selected by Mrs. Clark for its intrinsic value.


Soprano vocalist, actor, dancer, theatre manager

Active Australia 1834 to 1847

CLARKE, Michael

? Theatre musician, former military bandsman, vocalist, actor

Active 1830s-40s

See main page 

CLARKE, James Hamilton (Hamilton CLARKE)

Conductor, organist, composer

Born Birmingham, England, 25 January 1840
Arrived Melbourne, 22 July 1889 (per Garonne, from England)
Departed Melbourne, July 1891
Died Banstead, Surrey, England 9 July 1912 (NLA persistent identifier)

After Wikipedia (8 June 2013): In 1889, Clarke went to Australia, where he succeeded Frederick Cowen as conductor of the Victorian National Orchestra in Melbourne. He was also made inspector of Australian army bands, and given the honorary rank of Captain. He did not enjoy Melbourne; after returning to England in 1892, he gave a talk describing his experiences, giving "many valuable hints ... to those who might think of accepting appointments in the Australian Colonies" ("Royal College of Organists", Musical News, 9 December 1893, 500). His comments drew a rejoinder from an Australian writer who accused him of "incompetence and lack of interest" while in Melbourne (G. G. M., "Music in Australia", Magazine of Music, June 1894, 129).



"MR. HAMILTON CLARKE", The Argus (23 July 1889), 6


"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The West Australian (10 August 1912), 9 Images

Bibliography and resources:

CLARKE, Jacob Richard

Music publisher and retailer

Born Taunton, Somerset, England; baptised Taunton St. Mary, 11 October 1821
Married Louisa Hughes, Wollaston, Northamptonshire, England, 1 August 1846 Arrived Sydney, by May 1850 (? via New Zealand)
Active Sydney, as J. R. Clarke, until September 1850, "Printseller, 333 George Street"
Active Sydney, as J. R. Clarke, October 1850 to 1851, "Music Warehouse 555 George Street"
Active Sydney, as Woolcott and Clarke, April/July 1851 until August 1856, "Music Warehouse 555 George Street"
Active Sydney, as J. R. Clarke, August 1856- , "Music Warehouse 555 George Street"
Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 12 July 1893 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Taunton St. Mary Magdalene in the County of Somerset in the year 1821 (register 1813-26, 168)

No. 1337 / [Baptized] 1821, October 11 / Jacob Richard / John and Mary Clarke / Fore Street / Sadler / [officiant] H. Bower

Wollaston parish registers, 1837-1867, 34

[1846] No. 68 / [Married] 1st August / Jacob Richard Clarke, Louisa Hughes / [both] of full age / Bachelor, Spinster / Warehouse-man / [Living at the time in] London / [Father] John Clarke, Saddler ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1851), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 July 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1856), 6

"A BIT OF THE PAST", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (29 October 1904), 13

[1893; repr. 1904] Our obituary of to-day announces the death of another old citizen, who was for many years connected with the progress of literature and art in this city, Mr. J. R Clarke. For many years Mr. Clarke, of George-street, was known as one of the leading booksellers and music publishers of Sydney. He was long associated with the late Mr. W. P. Woolcott, and the title pages of many of the music albums, and of the principal pieces of music published in the colony, bore the imprint of Clarke and Woolcott, and later of J. R. Clarke, especially those of Boulanger, Henry Marsh, and other well known pianists of 35 years ago. Mr. Clarke's Repository of Music was the resort of all the musical and dramatic artists of those days. Here were constantly to be met Lucy Escott, Catherine Hayes, Madame Anna Bishop, Madame Sara Elizabeth Flower, the Carandinis, Rosalie Durand, the brothers Lyster, Squires, Farquarson, Armes Beaumont, G. V. Brooke, Kitts, Kean, Booth, and almost every other celebrated artist who visited our shores. Mr. Clarke's knowledge of pictures, and especially of every class of engraving, was proverbial, and he was an acknowledged authority on the subject of church architecture. He studied the subject at Taunton, his native place. Mr. Clarke was 72 years of age. In late years he kept an art repository in Pitt-street, near Bridge-street, and subsequently held a Government appointment. He has left a grown up family.

Bibliography and resources:

E. J. Lea-Scarlett, Clarke, Jacob Richard (1822-1893), Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)


W. H. Woolcott (business partner, 1851-56)


Musician, band leader

Active Maitland, NSW, 1842


At the Subscription Ball at Cox's Hotel, East Maitland on 30 September 1842:

The orchestre (under the management of Mr. James Clarke, who acted as leader) was placed at one end of the room, elevated on a platform, ornamented with evergreens and a variety of flags. The music, which was excellent and spirited to the last, and provided from Maitland, consisted of first and second violin, violoncello, flute, and trombone.


"MAITLAND. SUBSCRIPTION BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1842), 3


Professor of Music

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1865


Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 57, 183

CLARKE, William

Professor of Music, music and instrument retailer, pianist, piano tuner and repairer

Born Cockermouth, England, ? 9 July 1801
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 11 April 1841 (per Argyle, from Liverpool, 7 November 1840)
Died Prahran, VIC, 13 April 1866, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CLARKE, William (junior)

Organist, pianist

Born ? Liverpool, England, 1828


1842: The Organ Committee of the Wesleyan Chapel have fixed upon Monday fortnight 9th January, for this grand festival to take place. For several weeks past preparations have been made under the able superintendence of Mr. Clarke, to bring out the vocal talent of the province on the opening of the new organ, but difficulties, which are now happily overcome, stood in the way. Several amateurs of first-rate talent have volunteered their services, and as the selections are from the admired sacred music of Handel, Haydon, Mozart, and other eminent composers, the public may expect a rich treat. Mr. Clarke, the talented organist, will preside at the new instrument.

Geelong 1847: APPOINTMENTS - The Trustees of the Church of England have appointed Mr. W. Clarke, Jun. to the situation of Organist.

Geelong 1849: Singing on the Hullah or Wilhelm System. WM. CLARKE, (Organist of Christ's Church,) WISHES to inform Members of the Congregation and others, that he has been kindly permitted to hold a class in the School House, on Monday and Thursday evenings, of each week, for the above purpose; in addition to which, and in the course of the system, will be introduced the method of Chaunting.

Obituary: We have to record the decease of another old colonist, in the person of Mr. William Clarke, the gold-broker, of Elizabeth-street. Mr. Clarke arrived here some five-and-twenty years ago, and for a long period followed the practice of his profession, as a musician. As an organist, Mr. Clarke was for many years without a rival in Melbourne, and he was also well versed in the theory of music. Immediately after the gold discovery, Mr. Clarke commenced the business of a gold-broker, in which he has ever since been engaged. The deceased gentleman was much esteemed by all who knew him, for the simplicity of his character, and for his bon hommie and geniality of disposition.


"COLONIAL INTELLIGENCE", Portland Guardian (31 December 1842), 3

"Port Phillip. THE ORATORIO", Australasian Chronicle (24 January 1843), 2

"MELBOURNE", Portland Guardian (22 April 1843), 3

? "ST FRANCIS' CHURCH", Morning Chronicle (5 November 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Argus (16 June 1846), 3

"THE COMING ELECTIONS", The Melbourne Argus (30 October 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Argus (30 October 1846), 3

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Argus (22 January 1847), 3

"APPOINTMENTS", Geelong Advertiser (27 April 1847), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (20 April 1849), 2

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (30 June 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 May 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 July 1849), 3

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (12 July 1849), 1

[News], The Argus (1 April 1866), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (14 April 1866), 4

"VICTORIA", The Brisbane Courier (24 April 1866), 3

"SUMMARY FOR EUROPE BY THE MADRAS", The Age (25 April 1866), 1 supplement

During the month an old colonist, whose name is intimately associated with one of our greatest producing interests, has passed away from us. Mr. William Clarke, the senior partner of the firm of William Clarke and Sons, died at the age of sixty-five on the 13th inst., the immediate cause of death being aneurism of the aorta, the melancholy event being precipitated by violent spasms in the stomach, with which the deceased gentleman was seized, a few hours before his death. Up to that time he was in the enjoyment of his usual health and spirits. Mr. Clarke was a native of Cockermouth, and was educated for the musical profession. Up to his latest hour he was affectionately devoted to music in all its forms, but especially to the organ, upon which instrument he was one of our most accomplished performers. In Liverpool he was organist at the Edgehill Church, of which the then incumbent was Dr. Barker, now Bishop of Sydney. Mr. Clarke brought his family to Victoria (then the district of Port Phillip) in 1841. For some time he continued to teach music, and the first organ ever imported was planned by Mr. Clarke. But, as is not unusual in new countries, Mr. Clarke gradually became interested in commercial pursuits, and with success. He was one of the first buyers of gold after its discovery here, and opened a melting and assaying establishment. In one shape or other, a very large proportion of the entire gold yield of the colony has passed through the hands of his firm. Through this, and a general connection with mining, Mr. Clarke's name became a household word wherever the digger pitched his tent. His directness and simplicity of character won for him general respect and confidence. He was of genial disposition, and his uniform cheerfulness attracted a wide circle of friends, who regarded him with strong personal affection. Mr. Clarke was formerly a member of the city council of Melbourne, and at the time of his death was a councillor of the borough of Prahran, where he resided. The interment was attended by an unusually large assemblage of friends; and some of the leading members of that profession to which Mr. Clarke was so enthusiastically devoted took part in an impressive musical service, Mr. C. E. Horsley presiding at the organ. Of Mr. William Clarke it may with confidence be said that he leaves behind him hosts of friends and not one enemy.

CLAUS, Jenny


Arrived (1) Melbourne, 19 March 1873 (per Racer, from Mauritius)
Departed (1) Brisbane, 19 June 1875 (per R.M.S. Brisbane, for Batavia)
Arrived (2) Sydney, 14 September 1876 (per City of San Francisco, from Honolulu)
Departed (2) Sydney, 20 October 1876 (per City of New York, for San Francisco)

REKEL, Jeanne


REKEL, Joseph

Pianist, accompanist, composer

Arrived Melbourne, 19 March 1873 (per Racer, from Mauritius)
Departed Brisbane, 19 June 1875 (per R.M.S. Brisbane, for Batavia)



Edouard Manet, The Balcony (1869), Jenny Claus standing; and Manet: Portrait of Mademoiselle Claus (1868)

March 1873: A fresh addition to the musical talent of the colony has just been made by the appearance of M. Rekel and Miss Rekel, and Miss Claus, who arrived from Mauritius yesterday, in the barque Racer. Each of the three has a specialty, Miss Claus having a reputation as a violinist, Miss Rekel as a vocalist, and M. Rekel as a pianist and composer; and from journalistic records in their possession, their performances in London, Paris, and elsewhere seem to have been meritorious.

October 1876: Mr John Hill gave a violin solo "Fantasia caprice (sur La Traviata)" in splendid style. As a violinist he is far superior to Jenny Claus, whose success was chiefly owing to her skill in sliding from note to note - an artifice that is likely to captivate a mixed assembly. Mr. Hill on the contrary strikes his notes at once distinct and full.


[News], The Argus (20 March 1873), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 April 1873), 8

"A crowded and fashionable audience ...", Empire (18 April 1873), 2

"DEPARTURES", The Queenslander (26 June 1875), 12

"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS", Australian Town and Country Journal (23 September 1876), 31

"SOCIAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 October 1876), 7

"INTERCOLONIAL TELEGRAMS", The Mercury (27 October 1876), 4

"MDLLE. ILMA DE MURSKA", Launceston Examiner (31 October 1876), 5

CLAY, Henry Ebenezer

Poet, songwriter, composer

Born Cheshire, England, 1844
Arrived Perth, January 1859 (per Swiftsure)
Died Perth, WA, 27 December 1896, aged 52


Clay worked as a government clerk. His Two and Two: A Story of the Australian Forest, with Minor Poems of Colonial Interest (1873), the first dedicated publication of poetry in WA, was followed by Westralian Poems (1907), and Poems (1910). His lyrics include the song Rouse Thee Westralia (for Proclamation Day, 1890), set to music by "a friend", The Passing Bell (music by E. Jackson), and a christmas carol set to music by William Robinson. His own musical compositions include an Easter song ("composed and set to music by Mr. H. E. Clay, the setting of which was harmonised by Mr. Curtis", St. George's Cathedral, 1889), and the song Little one, little one mine ("words and melody by Mr. H. E. Clay").


"NEWS AND NOTES", The West Australian (22 April 1889), 2

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Daily News (23 April 1889), 3


[Advertisement], The West Australian (16 December 1890), 3

"WESTRALIA: TO THE EDITOR", The West Australian (9 October 1890), 3

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", Western Mail (21 March 1891), 18

"MISS CLARE ROBINSON'S MUSICAL CLASSES", The West Australian (9 September 1893), 7

"NEWS AND NOTES", The West Australian (25 December 1893), 4

"WESTRALIA", The West Australian (2 August 1930), 5

"SUMMARY OF NEWS", The West Australian (28 December 1896), 4

"DEATH OF MR. HENRY EBENEZER CLAY", The West Australian (28 December 1896), 5

"DEATHS", The West Australian (31 December 1896), 4

"THE POEMS OF H. E. CLAY", Western Mail (3 December 1910), 50

Bibliography and resources:

Beverley Smith, Clay, Henry Ebenezer (1844-1896), Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Perth, Battye Library, 4308A/HS460 (Volume of Songs and Verses by H. E. Clay); 4308A/HS466 (H. E. Clay. Miscellaneous notes, printed  verses, music scores and newspaper cuttings)

CLEARY, Michael (Michael CLEARY; Sergeant CLEARY)

Band musician, band sergeant, ? band master (Band of the 99th regiment)

Born Tallow Country, Ireland, c.1809/10
Arrived by late 1843; discharged 1851
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1 May 1889, aged 80 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CLEARY, William (William CLEARY; William Francis CLEARY; Corporal CLEARY)

Musician, bandsman, band corporal, band sergeant (Band of the 99th Regiment), oboist, clarinettist, bagpiper, union pipes player, composer

Born Youghal, Ireland, c.1820
Arrived by late 1843
Died Hawthorn, VIC, 10 January 1895, aged 76 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Family historians traced a Michael Cleary, born in 1810 at Tallow County, Waterford, son of Richard Cleary, a musician, and Elizabeth (Stokes). Our Michael's death certificate, however, gave his parents' names as Michael and Mary (Howe). Michael enlisted in the 99th regiment at Yougal County Cork in May 1828; in 1831-37 he was stationed in Mauritius, and he reportedly had a brother William who emigrated to Australia. Interestingly, when another William Cleary, a long-time resident of Veteran's Row, Hobart died in 1850, the band and 150 soldiers of the 99th Regiment were allowed by their Commanding Officer, Colonel Despard, to attend the funeral, perhaps indicating he was a relative of our musicians William and Michael. Confusingly, a death certificate for our William Francis Cleary (d. 1895) names his parents as William and Elizabeth (Stokes).

Another family historian traced the above William Cleary's army records in the 99th Regiment from Kilkenny in 1841 to discharge in Hobart in 1855. The regiment arrived in segments from 1842, and the band is recorded as playing in Sydney in June 1843 and at St. John's Church, Parramatta, in December. William Cleary's ballad My loved my happy home was published in Sydney in 1844, and readvertised in Hobart in 1849 after his regiment had moved to Tasmania, when William Clearly is also mentioned as regimental messman. A Sargeant Cleary is especially mentioned in a Hobart report in late December 1848 ("Serjeant Cleary, of the 99th Regt., gave some Scotch and Irish airs upon the union pipes"), though this may have been Sargeant Michael Cleary. On Michael's discharge the following year, the press noted: "to him the St. Joseph's Total Abstinence Band are indebted for the knowledge of some of their choicest pieces of music". William was still a sergeant in the 99th at the time of his wife Matilda's death in Hobart in 1854. A Mr. Cleary was teaching flute in Melbourne in 1858, and a William Cleary was reported in Melbourne in November 1860: "The drum and fife band of the Carlton Company of Volunteer Rifles came out on Saturday, for the first time, under the mastership of Mr. William Cleary, and played some very pretty marches, among which was one composed by him for the company, called the Carlton Volunteer Rifle March." William was also an assistant/clerk (from 1856) and later accountant/finance clerk (1872) at the Public Library, Melbourne.


"LITERARY REGISTER: NEW MUSIC", The Weekly Register (17 August 1844), 85; [Advertisement], 88

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1844), 4

[Advertisement], The Australian (31 October 1844), 2

"THE OLD YEAR", Colonial Times (29 December 1848), 3

"A VISIT TO A TEETOTAL MEETING BY A STRANGER", The Courier (30 December 1848), 2

"MUSIC", The Courier (31 January 1849), 2

We have received a copy of an original ballad, "My loved, my happy home," the words and music composed (and by permission dedicated to Mrs, Despard, the lady of Colonel Despard, of the 99th Lanarkshire Regiment of Foot, at present in garrison) by Sergeant William Cleary, of the band of that regiment, originally published by Messrs. Hudson & Co., of Pitt-street, Sydney. The composer is the well-known player on the bagpipes; and it is gratifying to observe, that amidst his military avocations he is endeavouring to cultivate his natural talents to advantage. This is just the ballad that ought to sell well in this colony, reviving reminiscences of the distant scenes of childhood, and encouraging fond hopes of once again regaining the "home of happy youthful days." The score exhibits considerable talent, and a ready sale may be anticipated amongst the numerous friends of the sergeant. It can be purchased at the booksellers.

"ACTION FOR LIBEL", Colonial Times (17 March 1849): 1-2s

[Advertisement], The Courier (14 April 1849), 1

"PRESENTATION OF MEDAL", The Courier (19 November 1851), 2

"DIED", The Cornwall Chronicle (6 October 1852), 644

"DEATH", The Courier (4 April 1854), 2

"TOWN TALK", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (12 May 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 June 1858), 8

[News], The Argus (6 November 1860), 4


[News], The Argus (27 November 1867), 5

Another contribution has been made the stock of music composed in honour the Prince. This is the Alfred Galopade which has been very handsomely printed, its frontispiece bearing an unusually fine lithograph of H.R.H.. The composer, who deserves credit for a spirited and well-written piece of dance music, is Mr. W. Cleary, one of the assistants at the Public Library, and some years sergeant of the band of 99th Regiment, whose performances in Melbourne in 1854-5 will yet be remembered by many admirers.

"SMITH V. CLEARY", The Argus (25 August 1869), 7

"WE LEARN that ...", Launceston Examiner (21 September 1875), 2

We learn that Mr. Michael Cleary, of Invermay, has been appointed Paymaster of Imperial Pensioners in Northern Tasmania. Mr. Cleary has been connected with the service of Government, in civil and military capacity, for upwards of 45 years. He arrived at Hobart Town with the 99th regiment, and on his retirement in 1851 on a pension from the army, in which he had been sergeant and latterly band master for 23 years, he was appointed principal storekeeper to the Convict Department. On the breaking out of the goldfields in Victoria, he proceeded thither, and obtained the situation of Despatching Clerk under the Government of Governor Latrobe, which he held under successive governors until the time of Lord Canterbury, a period of over twenty years, when he retired on a good conduct pension.

"Deaths", The Argus (2 May 1889), 1

CLEARY. - On the 1st inst., at Rosebank, Moreland-grove, Michael, the beloved husband of Elizabeth Cleary, for many years despatch clerk Chief Secretary's office, Melbourne. (A colonist of 45 years' residence.) R.I.P.

[News], The Ballarat Star (3 May 1889), 2

A very old colonist and one of the oldest Government servants, Mr. M. Cleary, passed away on Wednesday (says the Telegraph), at the age of 80. Mr. Cleary had been 45 years in the Imperial and colonial service in Victoria. He was bandmaster of the 99th Regiment when stationed here. He was appointed despatch clerk by Governor Latrobe, and he continued to be attached to the staffs of the Governors down to the time of Sir George Bowen. He was transferred to the office of the Chief Secretary, and retired at the age of 61, after 45 years' service. He enjoyed two pensions - one from the Imperial Government and the other from the Victorian authorities.

"DEATHS", The Argus (14 January 1895), 1

CLEARY. - On the 10th inst., at his residence, Lennox-street, Hawthorn, William, the beloved husband of Susan Cleary; formerly secretary of the Melbourne Public Library, aged 76 years. Interred in the Boroondara Cemetery. May his soul rest in peace. Amen.

Bibliography and resources:

Report of the Trustees of the Public Library, Museums, and National Gallery of Victoria, with the reports of the sectional committees for the year 1871 (Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer, 1872)

Edmund La Touche Armstrong, The book of the Public Library, Museums, and National Gallery of Victoria, 1856-1906 (Melbourne: Trustees of the Public Library, Museums, and National Gallery of Victoria, 1906), 5, 34-35

[4] The first man appointed in any permanent manner [to the Melbourne Public Library] was Edward Washfold. He had been employed at the Supreme Court as a sort of general factotum, and on the opening of the Library in February, 1856, Judge Barry appointed him as Porter, at a salary of 150 per annum, until provision could be made for supplying him with suitable quarters, when, it would appear, his salary was to be reduced to 120 per annum. For three months Washfold carried on the [5] work of the Library, with the assistance of a constable at the front door. Printed catalogues of the first books supplied had been sent out by Mr. Guillaume, the first bookseller to the Trustees, and doubtless the Judge himself superintended their arrangement on the shelves. The appointment of Washfold was questioned by the Chief Secretary of the time. He had nominated William Cleary for the position and instructed him to report himself for duty at the Library. Cleary did so, but, apparently by Judge Barry's instructions, was told that his services were not required. He returned to the Chief Secretary's office and asked for instructions. He was directed to report himself daily, and this he continued to do, with the invariable result that, according to his statement, he was informed that "there was nothing for him to do at the Library." So matters continued for some time, the Trustees, or, rather, the Judge, on their behalf, insisting that the right of appointment to the staff rested with them. On May 1st, Barry wrote to the Government asking that Washfold be paid from the 11th of February. He differed from Cleary in his view of the position, for he stated that Cleary had been drawing pay since the Library was opened, and although regularly instructed by the Trustees in the duties he was to perform, he had withdrawn himself without their leave, and since the 31st of March he had not done any duty whatever at the Library. Finally the matter was compromised by the appointment of Washfold as Porter and Cleary as Clerk, the Government apparently conceding the right of future nominations to the Trustees.

On William Cleary (d.1850), see:

Extant musical works (William Cleary):

My lov'd, my happy home ("an original ballad the word and music composed and by permission most respectfully dedicated to Mrs. Colonel Despard 99th Lanarkshire Regiment") (Sydney: Hudson and Co., [1844]) (NOT DIGITISED)

The Royal Victoria Volunteer Artillery regiment grand polka ("composed and arranged for the piano forte ... by permission most respectfully dedicated to the Hon[ora]ble. C. Pasley, R.E. Lieut[enan]t Colonel Commanding the Regiment") (Melbourne: Hamel & Co., 1859) (DIGITISED)

Prince Alfred galopade (composed and arranged for the piano forte by William Cleary) ([Melbourne: ?, ?1867) (DIGITISED)


Professor of music, bandmaster, flautist, organist, composer, teacher

Born Kent, England, 1838/39
Arrived Melbourne, by 27 February 1865, Tasmania by September 1865
Died Battery Point, Hobart 8 August 1886, aged 47


Clerke first appeared in Melbourne playing flute and clarinet in a concert with Charles Horsley early in 1865 (including a performance of Mozart's Trio for piano, clarinet and viola), and his The birthday schottische appeared in the Illustrated Melbourne News in July. He was in Tasmania later that year where he continued to work mainly as a bandmaster. Two extant Tasmanian compositions are The Garrison parade polka, published in July 1885, and The waratah blossom waltz, first performed in 1883 by the Band of the Tasmanian Volunteer Rifle Regiment, of which he was master, and published in 1886.


[Advertisement]: "PRAHRAN and SOUTH YARRA MUSICAL SOCIETY", The Argus (27 February 1865), 8

... Pianoforte soloist, Mr. C. E. Horsley; flautist, Mr. Adam Clerke ...

"THE FIRST CONCERT AT STANLEY", Launceston Examiner16 September 1865), 3

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (26 October 1865), 4

"CIRCULAR HEAD", Launceston Examiner (7 September 1866), 3

[Advertisement], The Mercury (15 December 1883), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (8 July 1885), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (30 January 1886), 2

"THE LATE MR ADAM CLERKE", The Mercury (9 August 1886), 2

"DEATH OF A MUSICIAN", Launceston Examiner (10 August 1886), 2

"INQUEST", The Mercury (11 August 1886), 4

Musical works:

"The birthday schottische (as performed by the Headquarters Band; arranged for the pianoforte)", The Illustrated Melbourne Post (25 July 1865), 112

The garrison parade polka (Hobart: T. L. Hood, [1885])

The waratah blossom waltz ([Hobart]: T. L. Hood, [1886])



CLIFFORD, Minnie (Miss Minnie CLIFFORD)

Vocalist, pianist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by November 1854
Active Ballarat, VIC, from December 1858
Departed for Britain, after May 1861


At Catherine Hayes's concert on 7 November 1854 it was advertised: "Miss Clifford (aged only thirteen years) will perform a Fantasia on the Pianoforte, her first appearance in Melbourne".


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 December 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 December 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 June 1855), 8

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS AT MELBOURNE", The Courier (22 June 1855), 3

"OPENING OF THE THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (28 December 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 May 1861), 8

"LYCEUM THEATRE", The Musical World (5 October 1861), 636

CLIFTON, Stephen

Church musician, singer, convict

Arrived NSW, 1818, per Isabella
Certificate of freedom 9 February 1832


Stephen Clifton was convicted at Middlesex Gaol for a term of 14 years on 3 December 1817, and was transported to NSW, per Isabella, leaving England on 1 April 1818. In the Sydney Police Reports for 1827, he appears as a convict church musician:

Stephen Clifton was brought to account for a saw which had been entrusted to his care. The prisoner pleaded, that it was his master's pleasure that he should practice church music every Friday, and that while he was singing and preparing himself for the psalm for the following Sunday, some irreligious rogue had abstracted the cross cut saw. No proof, against Stephen, and he was discharged. This job was very near making Stephen chaunt a different tune.

He is possibly the same person reported as being in a marital dispute at Windsor earlier that year, described there as "a man of colour". He obtained his certificate of freedom in 1832.


"Police Reports", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 August 1827), 3

"WINDSOR", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 January 1827), 3

[Advertisement]: "Certificate of freedom", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 February 1832), 1

CLISBY, Redford

Flautist, music and musical instrument seller, piano tuner and repairer

Arrived Adelaide, 10 October 1849 (per Cheapside, from London)
Died Adelaide, 26 May 1884, in his 73rd year


On arrival Clisby advertised music and musical instruments for sale. Two months later he took over a grocery business. He is listed as an orchestral flautist in July 1850 and as a member of Adelaide Choral Society in May 1851. In December 1854, he was again advertising as a "Musical Instrument and Parasol Maker", and thereafter remained in the music business. He wrote several letters to the press (not referenced below) on non-musical subjects.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (13 October 1849), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (28 November 1849), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 February 1850), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 May 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (4 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 December 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (4 January 1861), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 May 1864), 1

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (27 May 1884), 4

CLUTSAM, Frederick

Tenor vocalist, piano builder, inventor, composer

Active Melbourne, 1890s

1890: Mr. F. Clutsam, a young singer with a promising tenor voice, has recently come to Melbourne from Dunedin, with the object of undergoing some training in vocalisation under Madame Simonsen. He is a brother of Mr. George Clutsam, a talented pianist, who travelled with the Amy Sherwin company on their Eastern tour, and is now in London.

1895: ... Bearing in mind the recent scarcity of orchestral concerts and consequently few opportunities afforded the public of listening to the masterpieces of the great composers, we are inclined to doubt the wisdom of allowing two out of the four instrumental compositions on the programme to be the productions of local composers. One of these novelties, an adagio ma non troppo from a symphony by Mr. F. Clutsam, had to be omitted on Saturday, owing to the indisposition of the composer (who was announced to conduct it), and to the parts having been mislaid. The other was an overture "To Giordano Bruno" by Professor Hall ...

1915: Mr. Frederick Clutsam, a well-known Melbourne musician, who went to London some few years ago to bring under the notice of piano manufacturers a new style of keyboard, has (according to an English paper), another invention in hand, which is believed to be of quite exceptional importance ...


[Advertisement], Otago Daily Times (22 September 1881), 1

"MUSICAL NOTES", The Argus (17 May 1890), 4

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (3 July 1894), 1


"THE NEW PIANO KEYBOARD", Popular Mechanics (November 1911), 715

"MUSIC", The Daily News (23 July 1915), 2


Pianist, composer, reviewer and writer on music

Born Sydney, NSW, 26 September 1866
Died London, 17 November 1951 (NLA persistent identifier)


1890: "From Austral's Shores", a gavotte by George H. Clutsam, arranged for the piano from his first Orchestral Suite, is refreshingly original. The exact phrasing of every passage is marked with unusual exactness; and this is to be highly commended, seeing in how slipshod a manner many persons write now-a-days.

Note: George Clutsam is reported to have had a symphony played in London in 1890/91; note above the 1895 cancelled performance of a symphony movement composed by his brother Frederick.


"SOCIAL AND GENERAL. ENTERTAINMENTS", Otago Daily Times (22 December 1875), 2

"MASTER GEORGE CLUTSAM. TO THE EDITOR", Otago Daily Times (28 March 1879), 3

[Advertisement], Otago Daily Times (22 September 1881), 1

Australasian Federal Directory [1888]

Clutsam G, music teacher, York place, Dunedin.

"SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 May 1888), 6

"AMY SHERWIN CONCERT COMPANY", South Australian Register (13 September 1888), 7

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1890), 10

Bibliography and resources:

COBBIN, William (senior)

Viola (tenor) player, ? violinist

Arrived Adelaide, March 1849 (per Athenian, from London)
William senior died Adelaide, 30 June 1877, aged 75

COBBIN, Mr. W. (junior)


COBBIN, Master

Viola (tenor) player


William and Adelaide Cobbin and their seven children arrived in Adelaide as steerage passengers aboard the Athenian from London in March 1849. Cobbin and two of his sons played among the strings in the monster concert in July 1850, and "Mr. Cobbin and Sons" again for S. W. Wallace's concert in October. Either William Cobbin, senior or junior, found work as a post-office letter carrier, like fellow musicians William Chapman and Robert McCullagh; the other was a tailor. The two Wm. Cobbins again appear as string players in a band lists in October 1854. At Signor Grossi's benefit concert in July 1858: "Mr. Cobbin again surprised and delighted his hearers by his masterly performance on the violin, with Herr Linger on the piano, of the duet Torquato Tasso". An advertisement for Miss Blackhurst's concert in 1853 lists among the instrumental performers John Cobbin and John Cobbin junior.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 March 1849), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 October 1850), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 April 1851), 2

"THE LETTER-CARRIERS", South Australian Register (18 May 1853), 3

"DIED", South Australian Register (19 September 1853), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 October 1853), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (4 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 October 1854), 1

"SIGNOR GROSSI'S BENEFIT CONCERT", South Australian Register (20 July 1858), 2

"KADINA", The South Australian Advertiser (6 July 1864), 3

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (30 June 1877), 4

COBBY, Alfred J. S. H.

Professor of music, pianist, composer, organ builder, pianoforte tuner and repairer, amateur astronomer

Active Grafton, NSW, by 1870 (? from Canada)
Died ? 1905

COBBY, Madame

Soprano vocalist

Departed Australia, 1905 (for South Africa)

1884: Mr. ALFRED COBBY, (professor of music) of Grafton street, in this town, has just republished a beautiful piece of music entitled the "Sussex Polka," arranged for the pianoforte ... The polka was originally published in England, when it was dedicated to the Duchess of Norfolk, and met with a great sale. It is now published by Messrs. Gordon and Gotch, of Brisbane ....

1891: Mr. Cobby is a man well advanced in years, but is still an enthusiastic musician. At ten years of age he became organist in an English church, and during the intervening years has closely pursued his musical studies, besides learning the arts of organ building and in a measure church architecture. Mr. Cobby was trained specially by Dr. Essex, a famous organist of his day, and later by Mr. Robert Gray, the eminent organist who officiated at the Queen's coronation, and the organ tutor of the Prince Consort. Subsequently Mr. Cobby was organist of Christ Church, Marylebone, and gained his knowledge of building at Gray and Davison's, London. In addition to other work done in England he was selected to assist in building the organs at Buckingham Palace and St. George's Chapel, Windsor.


"In the Matter of the Petition of Alfred Cobby ...", The London Gazette (1854), 776

"INSOLVENT DEBTORS", The Jurist (4 February 1854), 34

? "MUSICAL INSTRUCTION", The British Columbian (1 April 1863), 3,6100354

"MUSICAL", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (20 September 1870), 2

"COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT TO MR. ALFRED COBBY", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (9 May 1871), 2

"PIANOFORTES", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (5 October 1875), 4

"IS VENUS INHABITED. TO THE EDITOR", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (23 June 1877), 5

"INSOLVENCY MEETINGS", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (20 July 1878), 2

"Mr. ALFRED COBBY", Warwick Examiner and Times (24 December 1884), 2

"A Queensland-built Organ", The Queenslander (7 February 1891), 254

"OLD MUSICAL RESIDENT", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (1 November 1898), 5

[Advertisement], Queensland Figaro (15 August 1901), 6

"PERSONAL", Warwick Examiner (13 December 1905), 5

Madame Cobby, who has resided in Gympie for twenty-two years, is leaving for South Africa. Madame has been closely associated with the local musical world during her long residence in Gympie, and her numerous friends whilst regretting her departure will wish her every success in her new sphere of activity. (Madame Cobby resided in Warwick years ago.-Ed.)

Bibliography and resources:

Geoffrey Cox, "Alfred Cobby (c. 1818-1905): Organbuilder, Teacher of Music & Composer", Organ Historical Trust 0f Australia, OHTA News 37/2 (2013), 19-28

Cobby was reportedly also organist at St. Mary's. Waverley, in Sydney, in 1872-73

COBLEY, Edwin Harry

Professor of music, organist, harpist, pianist, composer, editor

Born Belfast, Ireland, 1829/30
Arrived Sydney, by 23 March 1857
Died Sydney, 24 June 1874, aged 44 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Eldest surviving son of John Cobley (1797-1865), a soldier, and his wife Mary Ann James (1799-1861). In the 1851 census, he was listed as a professor of music, 21, born Belfast, Ireland, then "visiting" (lodging) in Swansea, Wales, with his younger brother John Julian Cobley, "musical student", 13, born Youghal; the family home was then in Charlton Kings, outside Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, where his father John was a "Fencing & Drilling Master". Edwin's younger brother George (b. 1832) had also emigrated by 1857, when he had settled at Glen Innes (died Glen Innes, NSW, 1870); two of his watercolour paintings, c.1850s, are at the NLA. Reuben Cobley (b. 1843/44) and John Julian Cobley also emigrated and died in Australia.

Edwin Harry Cobley, musician, and Sarah Creed (a "minor"), were married on 27 January 1852 at St. Mary's, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. Their son Theodore Augustus Ferdinand was baptised there on 25 December 1853; he died at Charlton in 1859, having stayed behind when Edwin left for Australia. There is no record of Sarah in Australia. Rather, the name of Edwin's wife and widow in NSW was given as Emma. Emma Caroline Cobley remarried in 1875, to Charles Cuttriss, and died in Sydney in 1878, aged 37 (therefore, born 1841/2).

Edwin had arrived in Sydney by March 1857. He first advertised as a quadrille harpist, along with Abraham Emanuel (piano) and Isaac Davis (violin), and in June as a teacher of harmony and composition. J. R. Clarke published his The Government House waltz in August, and he first appeared in public for the Philharmonic Society concert on 16 November playing his own Divertimento for the harp on Smile again my bonnie lassie, and in a quartet arrangement by the late Nicholas Charles Bochsa of "Tutto e sciolto" from Bellini's La sonnambula (


"CONCERT", Royal Cornwall Gazette (12 July 1850), 5

CONCERT. - On Monday last, Mr. E. H. Cobley gave an entertainment to the lovers of music in the Town Hall, St. Austell, which we are sorry to say was very badly attended. We believe this may be attributed in a great measure, to the high prices charged. The few who attended were highly gratified, especially with the performance of "Auld Lang Syne" on the harp, which was much applauded.

"NEW MUSIC", Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette (2 October 1851), 4

"Lassie when Ye said Ye Lo'ed Me."; The Word Farewell, by H. A. M. Waldo Sibthorp; The Wild Cherry Tree, Trio, by Frederick Smith; Winter, Ode, by W. E. Jarrett; Those Sunny Hills, by Louisa F. Smith; The Star Polka by J. I. Smith; Les Graces Polkas, by Edwin H. Cobley. Cheltenham C. Hall and Son.

Although it must be confessed there is nothing very striking in these compositions, yet they are sufficiently pleasing to deserve the public approbation. Any one of them will be a pretty addition to the collection of the amateur . . . The compositions are, in truth, local garland, but, at the same time, are worthy of wider fame.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1857), 1

HARP and PIANOFORTE EVENING QUADRILLE PLAYING.- Messrs. EMANUEL and COBLEY are open to receive engagements. JOHNSON and CO.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 May 1857), 1

NOTICE to the PUBLIC. - Quadrille Band - Violin, Harp, and Pianoforte. Messrs. COBLEY, DAVIS, and EMAMUEL are open for engagements. Terms moderate. Apply to JOHNSON and CO., Pitt-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1857), 5

HARMONY and COMPOSITION. - Lessons by the author of Farewell Theresa, Smile again, My Thoughts are thine, to Mr. EDWIN H. COBLEY, 14, Castlereagh-street North, opposite the Club House. MR. EDWIN H. COBLEY (pupil of J. Balsir Chatterton, and Pio Cianchettini), Composer, and Professor of the Harp and Pianoforte, attends schools and Private families. Terms moderate. 14, Castlereagh-street North.

"A NEW WALTZ", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1857), 5

A NEW WALTZ. - Mr. E. H. Cobley, lately from England, has composed and published a piece of music for the pianoforte, which is dedicated to Lady Denison, entitled, "The Government House Waltz." The style and composition exhibit considerable ability.

[News], Empire (31 January 1860), 4

"Le Pillet," is the name of a new Spanish dance just published by C. T. Sandon, and dedicated to Mr. Needs and his pupils by the composer, E. H. Cobley, known in Sydney as a teacher of music and harp-player. The dance itself is likely to become popular, as a slight departure from the now stereotyped saltatory figures of the day. The music (in the key of F) is very characteristic, the sudden use of the semitone giving that transition from joyousness to melancholy which the Spaniards exhibit so well in their national character as in the style of their music.

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1861), 5

The January number of the Australian Musical Bouquet - a collection of popular songs, operatic airs, &c, for the voice and the pianoforte, edited by Mr. Edwin H. Cobley, professor of music, Glebe Point Road - has been published by the proprietor, Mr. James C. Fussell, of Prince-street. The contents are: - A Volunteer Polka Mazurka, composed by the editor, Mr. Cobley; and a new Song, "Lost Marguerite," words by Mr. Henry Halloran, and music by Mr. Glentworth Addison. The third and last piece of music in this number (very neatly engraved by Mr. Engel) is a Christmas Hymn, as sung at Christ Church, in this city. The music and poetry of this elegant little serial are colonial; the whole thing is very prettily got up, and the price reasonable.

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", Empire (29 April 1861), 4

"TO THE EDITOR", Empire (1 May 1861), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 October 1861), 1

MR. EDWIN H. COBLEY, Organist and Choir Master of St. Philip's, Professor of Music, Glebe Road, Glebe.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1862), 1

REMOVAL - Mr. COBLEY, Professor of Music, to Lyndhurst House, Pyrmont Bridge-road.

[News], Evening News (24 June 1874), 2

Mr. E. H. Cobley, the well-known professor of music, died this morning at his residence, Palmer street, from typhoid fever, after an illness of eight days. The funeral will take place to-morrow, will no doubt be largely attended by the professional and other friends of the deceased gentleman. Mr. Cobley's daughter, aged eight years, was buried only at the latter end of last week.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1874), 1

DEATHS. COBLEY. -June 24, at his residence, Lansdowne House, Palmer-street, Woolloomooloo, Mr. E. H. Cobley, professor of music, after an illness of eight days, aged 44.

Extant musical works:

Les graces, three polkas for the pianoforte by Edwin H. Cobley (London, [1849])

British Library, Music Collections h.944.(15.); BLL01004273931

The Mooltan valse for the pianoforte by Edwin H. Cobley (London: Addison, [1849])

British Library, Music Collections h.944.(16.); BLL01004273932

Fantasia on "Farewell Theresa," from Moore's selection of national airs composed for the pianoforte by E. H. Cobley (?, Gaude, [1853]

British Library, Music Collections h.723.c.(17.); BLL01004273930

Divertimento for the harp introducing the favorite melody Smile again my bonnie lassie composed and dedicated to his pupils, the Misses Bolton, by E. H. Cobley (London: Chappell, [c.1850-55])

British Library, Music Collections h.2605.oo.(15.); BLL01016631898; Music Collections h.2605.nn.(10.); BLL01016818373

The Government House waltz, valse brillante, for the piano forte (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857]) (DIGITISED)

Le Pillet, a new fashionable Spanish dance (as performed at the London and Parisian Court Balls) by E. H. Cobley (Sydney: Charles T. Sandon, [1860]) (DIGITISED)

Volunteers' Polka Mazurka (Sydney: James Fussell, [1861]; in The Australian Musical Bouquet, January 1861) (DIGITISED)

St. John's Bishopthorpe L.M. by Edwin H. Cobley; Three double chants by Edwin H. Cobley (Sydney: James C. Fussell, [1861]; in The Australian Musical Bouquet, April 1861) (NOT DIGITISED; SLNSW only)

Parish Alvars' L'adieu arranged for the piano-forte by Edwin H. Cobley (Sydney: James C. Fussell, [1861]) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

The Australian Bouquet Polka ([Sydney]: [James C. Fussell], [1861]; in The Australian Musical Bouquet) (DIGITISED)

The favourite schottische by Edwin H. Cobley (Sydney: James Fussell, [1861]; in The Australian Musical Bouquet, November ) (NOT DIGITISED; NLA only)

Four waltzes for the piano-forte by Edwin H. Cobley (Sydney: James C. Fussell, [1862]; in The Australian Musical Bouquet) (DIGITISED)

Spring blossoms, written by Thomas Moser, composed by Edwin H. Cobley (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1872]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Skinner 2011

Hallo 2014

Other resources (George Cobley 1832-1870)



Active Sydney, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3


Musician, convict (? Captain Piper's Band)

Active Bathurst, NSW, 1840


[Convict notices], New South Wales Government Gazette (4 March 1840), 210

Cockburn James, Lady Kennaway, 26, Yorkshire, soldier. tailor, and musician, 5 feet 7 1/4 inches, ruddy and freckled comp., brown hair, grey to blue eyes, lost canine tooth left side upper jaw, D under left arm, from J. Piper, Bathurst, since 8th February, 1840.

CODE, Edward Thomas

Musician, bandmaster, competition adjudicator

Born Bendigo, VIC, 1863 (son of Edward CODE, d.1869, and Susan CLANCY)
Died Carlton, VIC, 3 April 1918 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CODE, Percy

Musicians, cornet player, bandmsater, orchestral conductor, composer

Born South Melbourne, VIC, 3 July 1888 (son of Edward Thomas CODE, and Annie PAYNE)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 16 October 1953 (NLA persistent identifier)


"DEATHS", The Argus (5 April 1918), 1 

CODE. - On the 3rd April, at 225 Lygon street, Carlton, Edward Thomas, the dearly beloved husband of Annie Code; loving father of Percy, Mabel (Mrs. G. A. Charles), Stanley, and Bessie; late bandmaster of the Victorian Police, Prahran City, Code's Melbourne, and 63rd Infantry Bands, aged 54 years. No flowers by request.

"MR. E. T. CODE", The Ararat Advertiser (6 April 1918), 2 

Mr E. T. Code, the well known bandmaster, died on Wednesday night at his residence, Carlton. Born in Bendigo in 1864, he resided in Melbourne for 30 years, and during that time he was bandmaster of several bands, including Code's Melbourne, Prahran City, and the Victorian Police. He was also an adjudicator at many band contests throughout Australia and New Zealand. He leaves a widow, two daughters, and two sons. One son, Mr. Perry Code [sic], is at present a bandmaster at Ballarat, and was formerly solo cornetist with the Besse o'the Barn Band. The deceased, who will be greatly missed by the Police Band, renewed his acquaintance with a number of Ararat friends about three weeks ago, when proceeding to Horsham with the Police Band.


Music seller's apprentice, "orphan"

Born NSW, c.1823/4
Active Sydney, NSW, 1836 (apprenticed to Francis Ellard)


Male Orphan School Roll book, 1 January 1819 - 18 September 1848 (DIGTISED) (PAGE) (TRANSCRIPT)

261. Name: James Coffin; Age: 5 1/2 when admitted: 13 June 1829; Time of quitting the school: 8th Feb 1836; Parents' names: James & [indecipherable] Coffin; Occupation: received back from Mr McFarlane & absconded ...

[News], The Sydney Monitor (25 November 1836), 3 

James Coffin, a boy from the Orphan School, apprenticed to Mr. Ellard, of George street, was charged with absconding. Mr. Gisborne said, he thought if Mr. Ellard took the boy home, and gave him a sound flogging, it would have a good effect, and prevent anythlng of the sort occurring again Mr. E. stated, that he had already tried that method, and it had been of no benefit. - Remanded.

COHEN, Jacob

Musician, theatre musician, singer, dancer, teacher of music and dancing, actor

Born ? London, 13 December 1834
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), May 1841 (free, son of a convict)
Active professionally by 1848
Married (1) Harriet Windover, 1873
Married (2) Alice Elizabeth Surnam, 1874
Died Jerusalem, TAS, 22 October 1886


? "SUPREME COURT ... Tuesday, 15th June", South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (19 June 1847), 2 

Abraham Meyers, alias Cohen, a young man who has occasionally figured as a dancer at one of the theatres, was charged with feloniously assaulting John Rees, and stealing from his person a half sovereign and other coins ... At length a verdict of Not Guilty was recorded. His Honor strongly recommended the prisoner to quit the theatrical profession, and attend closely to his trade, that of a shoemaker, by which he could earn a good and a far more respectable living.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (4 March 1848), 1 

"THE THEATRE", The Cornwall Chronicle (5 April 1848), 2 

... Mr. Cohen, (whose merits as a dancer are well known) takes his benefit tomorrow night, when "Jonathan Bradford" and other attractive entertainments are to be be produced.

"AMUSEMENTS", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (14 July 1852), 3 

[Advertisement], The Courier (8 April 1854), 3 

Marriages in the district of Hobart Town, 1873; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:877551; RGD37/1/32 no 181 

Marriages in the district of Hobart Town, 1874; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:880581; RGD37/1/33 no 245 

Deaths in the district of Richmond, 1886; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1170191; RGD35/1/55 no 1091 

"JERUSALEM", Launceston Examiner (6 November 1886), 1 supplement 

On 25 ult. an inquest was held on the body of Jacob Cohen, who died suddenly. After hearing the medical testimony the jury returned a verdict that death resulted from heart disease. Mr. Cohen as a musician could scarcely be surpassed; he was also a teacher of dancing.

Bibliography and resources:

Levi 2013, These are the names, 146

COHEN, John G.

Merchant, occasional importer of musical instruments

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1854), 7 

POSTPONED until WEDNESDAY next, in order that the Public may view this
A very superb assortment of Musical Instruments, adapted for the use of Bands, Theatres, our Volunteer and Yeomanry Corps. JOHN G. COHEN will sell, at the Bank Auction Rooms, on WEDNESDAY next, August 9th, at 11 o'clock precisely, A superior assortment of musical Instruments
Pianos; Key bugles; Double basses, with boxes; Posthorns; Violoncello, [with boxes]; Flutes, in ebony, cocoa, and box; Violins; Tenors; Clarionets for each scale; Guitars; Oboes; Concertinas; Piccolos; Accordeons; Fifes; Ophicleides; Brass drums; Bassoons; Concert [drums]; Serpent bassoons; Tenor [drums]; Trombones; Strings for doublo basses, violoncellos, violins, tenors; Trumpets; Cornopeans. Catalogues will be ready for delivery at the Rooms on Monday next. Goods on view two days prior to the day of sale. Terms at sale.

COHEN, Lewis

Dancing master

Active Adelaide, SA, 1854; Hobart, TAS, by 1856


"PRIVATE BALL", Adelaide Times (28 April 1854), 3 

A private ball was given at Mr Hart's Family Hotel, Currie-street, on Monday evening last. The music was very good, and the dancing, under the direction of Mr. Lewis Cohen, late of her Majesty's Theatre, London. The wines and refreshments were of first-rate quality, and the greatest harmony and conviviality prevailed during the evening. The party did not break up till a late hour. We understand that the parties present requested Mr. Hart to give monthly meetings during the season, which he promised to do.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 May 1854), 2 

"THE Probate of the Will of the late Mr. Judah Solomon ... ", Colonial Times (27 February 1856), 3 

... The house, 39, Macquarie-street, is likewise devised to testator's daughter, Lydia now the wife of Mr. Lewis Cohen, of Hobart Town, dancing master ...


Master of the band of the 4th or King's Own Regiment, keyed bugle player, oboist

Arrived Sydney, by mid-1832
Departed Sydney, 8 August 1837 (per John, for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Coleman was born in England in c.1798, and in 1807, aged 9, became a drummer boy in the 29th Regiment, which was posted to the Peninsula in 1808. From there he must have travelled with the regiment to North America (1814) and back to Europe in 1816. From 1824 to 1831 he was a principal keyed bugler in the Royal Artillery Band. And in 1831 he was appointed bandmaster of the 4th Regiment for its Australian tour (1831-1837) and later briefly in India. He was discharged in 1839, aged 41, "worn out in the service".

The first Sydneysiders read in the press of Coleman's band was a report, in September 1832, that one of his more promising young bandsmen had drowned on the voyage out. In February 1833, the people of Parramatta were complaining that they could only hear the band of the 4th regiment playing behind its barrack-yard walls. Coleman is named in the press in August 1833 advertising a reward for the return of a "light brown fur boa" lost in Sydney, and in October he assisted fellow bandmaster Lewis (17th Regiment) in a concert in Parramatta. He appeared as an instrumentalist in Thomas Stubbs's concert in April 1835. At a regimental theatre night in Parramatta in July:

The overture of Guilleaume Tell, played by the full band, under the able direction of Mr. Coleman, (master) excited great attention from all parts of the house, and was a great treat to all lovers of music.

Various government, civic, masonic, and theatrical performances (at the Theatre Royal, Sydney) continued throughout 1836. In a letter to the press in March 1836, he detailed his band's program for the recent St. Patrick's Day celebrations. He gave his own concert in Sydney in August 1837, supported by an almost complete representation of key local professionals. Barnett Levey presented a snuff box to Coleman in May 1837 "for his leading the [theatre] Orchestra, whenever the use of the band has been permitted".


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 September 1832), 2

[News], The Sydney Monitor (6 February 1833), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 August 1833), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1833), 3

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (25 April 1835), 3

"Fourth or King's Own Theatre, Parramatta", The Sydney Herald (9 July 1835), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 July 1836), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (13 October 1836), 1

[Letter] "To the Editor", The Australian (25 March 1836), 2

[News], The Australian (12 August 1836), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (13 August 1836), 3

"MUSIC AND MUSICIANS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 August 1836), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 May 1837), 3

"LOCAL NEWS", The Sydney Herald (7 August 1837), 9

"SHIPPING ARRIVALS" [Madras, 6 October 1837], Parbury's oriental herald and colonial intelligencer (118

Bibliography and resources:

Henry G. Farmer, Memoirs of the Royal artillery band: its origin, history and progress: and account of rise of military music in England (London and New York: Boosey & Co., 1904), 79 note 5 

... The bandmaster of the 4th King's Own from 1831-9 was George Coleman, also from the R.A. Band.

Henry G. Farmer, History of the Royal Artillery Band, 1762-1953 (London: Royal Artillery Institution, 1954), 437, 446

[437] [Royal Artillery] PRINCIPAL KEYED BUGLERS ... 157. 1826 Msn. George Coleman (1824-1831)



Band of the 4th Regiment

COLEMAN, Mr. J. (? John)

Clarinettist (? band of the 40th Regiment)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1854), 8


Band of the 40th Regiment (second tour)

COLLIN, Leopold Frederick (Herr COLLIN)

Pianist (pupil of Mendelssohn, pupil of Thalberg, late Pianist to His Majesty to the King of Saxony), musicseller, music publisher

Active Melbourne, by 1853
Died Windsor, Melbourne, 23 June 1912, aged 80

COLLIN, Robert Leopold

Music warehouseman

Died Melbourne, 17 July 1925


[Advertisement], The Argus (5 November 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 August 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 August 1854), 8

"EVENING CLASSES", Portland Guardian (30 April 1863), 2

[Advertisement], Portland Guardian (25 May 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 March 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 April 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 November 1870), 8

"CONCERT AT ST. GEORGE'S HALL", The Argus (4 November 1870), 5

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (13 August 1872), 5

"HERR COLLIN'S PUPILS' CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (23 July 1874), 2

"MARRIAGE", Bendigo Advertiser (3 January 1878), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 April 1878), 12

[News], The Argus (29 May 1878), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (24 June 1912), 1

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (12 July 1918), 1

"WILLS AND ESTATES", The Argus (28 March 1925) 34

Sample editions (? local covers only) by L. F. Collin, Melbourne:

J. W. Turner, The Fairies' Wedding Waltz

Jules Schulhoff, Seconde Grande valse brillante, Op. 20

D. Steibelt, The Storm Rondo, Op. 33


Governor, judge-advocate, author, Indigenous culture and song reporter

Born London, England, 3 March 1756
Died TAS, 24 March 1810 (NLA persistent identifier)


"Deaths Abroad", The Monthly Magazine (1 February 1811), 98



Arrived Sydney, NSW, around May 1833 (free ? assisted emigrant)
Died Sydney, NSW, 8 November 1833


[News], The Sydney Monitor (9 November 1833), 3

Yestetrday, an Inquest was held at the Star Inn, Kent-street, on the body of Robert Collins, an Emigrant, residing with his wife and tour children in that street, and who had been in the colony six months. It appeared in evidence, that he had procured 2oz. of laudanum, went home to his bed, and swallowed the draught during the absence of his wife. His son, a boy of 14 years old, slept in the same room; and yesterday morning between 7 and 8 o'clock, perceived that his parent was on the point of death; he soon afterwards expired. The unfortunate man had long been struggling with poverty and disappointment; and on Monday last, at Parramnatta, had been robbed of a case containing musical instruments, worth fifteen pounds (he occasionally acted as a musician). This loss, with other dlsappointments, rendered him frantic; and on his return home last Wednesday, he betrayed symptoms of insanity. The Jury, after due deliberation, returned a verdict of--"destroyed himself by poison, in a temporary fit of insanity."


Journalist, composer

Born 1819
Toured Australia, 1888
Died 1898



In his book Au pays des kangourous et des mines d'or ("étude des moeurs et coutumes australiennes: impressions de voyage") (Paris: Fischbacher, l890), Comettant famously hazarded: "Certainement, il n'en existe pas où l'on trouve un plus grand nombre de pianos, par rapport à la population. On a évaluéà 700,000 le nombre de ces instruments, expédiés d'Europe pour l'Australie, depuis que ce vaste territoire est devenu un centre de population blanche. C'est que, partout dans ce pays, le piano est considérécomme un meuble de première nécessité." (178). He also wrote that his first act on arriving in Melbourne was to compose "a triumphal march for piano" Salut à Melbourne ("mon premier acte dans ce pays où j'allais passer trois mois fut de le saluer ... en musique. Je le fis en écrivant une marche triomphale pour piano sous ce titre: Salut à Melbourne") (41), later printed (Paris: Mackar & Noël, [1889]; copy at Paris, BnF: Comettant also mentioned a "chant maritime de M. Hugot", regarding the ship on which he came to Australia, Le Sydney, of which he quotes four lines (40); though it was perhaps not an actual composition of his, as Covell (Australia's music, 31) seemed to suggest, at least to those others who repeated it.


[News], The Argus (4 October 1888), 9

"A FRENCH JOURNALIST ON JOURNALISM", The Mercury (22 October 1888), 4

Messrs Allan and Co. have made arrangements for a series of concerts and recitals on the instruments under their charge in the Exhibition building. The first of these took place yesterday afternoon, when Miss Alice Sydney Burvett gave a recital on one of Pleyell, Wollf, and Co's pianos in the French court . . . Miss Burvett performed the following programme, viz. - Adagio and Rondo, "Sonata Pathétique," Beethoven; Adagio and Finale, Haydn; Le Poete Mourant, Gottschalk; Marche, "Salut à Melbourne," Oscar Comettant; Variations, Menuetto and Turkish Rondo, Mozart; Venetian Barcarolle, Mendelssohn; and Grand Fantasia on Spanish Airs, Ravina. The talented pianiste displayed her wonted brilliancy, and in the "Salut à Melbourne" was called upon for an encore. M. Commettant, the composer, was present, and asked Miss Burvett's acceptance of a beautiful bouquet of flowers.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 December 1888), 2

"A FRENCHMAN IN MELBOURNE", The Argus (19 February  1889), 8

"A PARISIAN JOURNALIST IN AUSTRALIA", The Argus (15 April 1890), 6

COMPTON, Charles Henry

Pianist, organist, composer, teacher

Born Totnes, Devon, England, 10 August 1831
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1859
Died Adelaide, 21 September 1883


Compton was a pupil at the Royal Academy of Music, and later organist of the Queen's Savoy Chapel, London. There are 8 pre-Australian printed works by Compton in the British Library. His first Australian press advertisement reads: "MR.  CHAS. H. COMPTON, late organist of Her Majesty's Chapel Royal, PROFESSOR of SINGING, Pianoforte, and Harmonium. For terms and testimonials apply at Wilkie's pianoforte warehouse, Collins-street, where all Mr. Compton's new and popular songs maybe obtained." His first Grand Musical Entertainment in Melbourne in April 1859 included a waltz, Violante "composed expressly for this occasion", and the song When I was young, composed for Octavia Hamilton, who arrived in Australia at the same time. By July 1859, Compton was organist of Christ Church, South Yarra.


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 March 1859), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 April 1859), 8

"CHRISTCHURCH SOUTH YARRA. To the Editor" [x2], The Argus (5 July 1859), 6


The Ballad Music of England

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (22 September 1883), 4

"THE LATE MR. C. H. COMPTON", South Australian Register (22 September 1883), 4

Bibliography and resources:

George E. Loyau, Notable South Australians; or, Colonists, past and present (Carey, Page & Co., Printers, 1885), 56-57

David Shield, "Charles Henry Compton: Championing the Hill"

Extant Australian musical works:

When I was young ("composed expressly for Miss Octavia Hamilton") (Melbourne: Printed for the composer by Clarson, Shallard & Co., 1859)

To horse, to horse, the standard flies: A patriotic song ("Composed and dedicated to the Volunteers"), in Adelaide Musical Herald 1/12 (5 June 1863), 92-93

The miller's daughter (song; words: W. Brailsford), in The Illustrated Melbourne Post (22 November 1866)

Faces in the Fire, in The Illustrated Melbourne Post, date unknown, but see

COMPTON, Frederick

Pianist, teacher of music, music and instrument seller, piano tuner, "pioneer journalist"

Born Totnes, Devon, England
Active Brisbane, QLD, by 1860
Died Orange, NSW, 10 April 1904, in his 67th year ("a colonist of over 40 years")


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1860), 1

[News], Rockhampton Bulletin (16 May 1863), 2

[Advertisement], Rockhampton Bulletin (24 June 1863), 3

"MR. P. C. CUNNINGHAME", Rockhampton Bulletin (14 July 1863), 2

"ROCKHAMPTON", The Courier (16 January 1864), 3

"POLICE COURT", Rockhampton Bulletin (26 September 1868), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Brisbane Courier (23 February 1869), 4

"PETTY DEBTS COURT", The Brisbane Courier (7 May 1869), 2

COMPTON v. C. SEARLE.-This was an action to recover £17 7s., for services rendered as an organist at the School of Arts and at Christchurch.-The plaintiff stated the nature of the claim, and produced a letter of agreement, written by the defendant to the plaintiff, also a letter complimenting him on the manner the duties were performed; and a third letter, dated April 23, in which the defendant requested the plaintiff to discontinue his services, and complaining that the choir did not attend, and was inefficient. The principal item of the account disputed was a charge of £5, for services rendered from November to the end of December, which the defendant alleged were to be given gratuitously. The defendant also stated that since Easter the services had not been performed in a satisfactory manner to himself or the congregation, though he had never distinctly said so to the plaintiff, until he wrote the letter of April 23.-The Bench, after examining the account, returned a verdict for £16 4s. for plaintiff. - Mr. M'Pherson appeared for plaintiff, and Mr. Handy instructed by Mr. W. H. Wilson, for the defendant ...

"BRISBANE PETTY DEBTS COURT", The Queenslander (11 September 1869), 6

COMPTON V. FELTON. - Plaintiff sued for 16s., for thirty-two copies of Christy Minstrel music supplied to defendant. He deposed that the charge was one-half that ordinarily made which was Is. per copy. The music paper was included in the charge, which was usually charged extra for. The defendant paid 5s. into Court, and repudiated the remainder of the claim as being excessive. He, however, ultimately contented to a verdict for the amount sued for.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1904), 10

"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (18 April 1904), 4

CONLON, Michael Joseph

Amateur bandsman, ? volunteer regiment

Born Fairy Meadow, Illawarra, NSW, 1841
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1854
Died Glebe, NSW, 26 November 1914


"Entertainments", Freeman's Journal (14 July 1866), 434

"OLD SYDNEY", Truth (13 February 1910), 11

I am favored with two interesting letters from Mr. Conlon, one under date January 24, 1910, as follows: - One of your correspondents, in yesterday's issue of 'Truth,' on 'Old Sydney,' says that I was 'right to a dot' about the old watchhouse, but I was a year or two out about the bazaar held on the old Kite at George and Pitt streets. He could not have read correctly what I then stated. I said that it was held in 1859: he says February 1860. Now, as 1859 is so contiguous to 1860, where is the year or two's difference? I was a member of that band, and I worked right opposite the place, and did not knock off work until 6 o'clock in the evening, and then had to go home, wash, dress, and dine, to be there to play when the doors were opened at 7 o'clock. It was smart work, and I arrived in open daylight; and that led me to believe that it was the latter part (summer-time) of 1859; therefore I would be about two months out. According to your correspondent, the first band he speaks of was started in 1854. I was then at school, and I was the principal messenger, selected to take the band instruments to be repaired. I had to take them to a musical instrument maker named William James, who lived in Domain Terrace, off Macquarie-street, city, and to the Victoria Barracks, Paddington (where the 11th Regiment, under Colonel Bloomfield, was then quartered) twice a week. I was selected for this duty, as I knew the town well. The second band started in 1859. I joined it, of course. Your correspondent states that the name of the bandmaster was Van de Stadt. Now, we always called him Mr. Stehr [Stier]. He certainly was a Dutchman, and was teaching the Royal Artillery Band at the time, the Artillery being then in barracks at Dawes Point. After three months' tuition under him, we found that we could not play one tune perfect. He was discharged, and the services of Sergeant Prince, of the 12th Regiment, enlisted. We progressed amazingly under Sergeant Prince's teaching.

And this brings me down to another of your correspondents of Sunday last. He speaks of the Brothers Taylor, musicians who played in the the old Victoria Theatre, especially the cornet player. I think it was Sergeant Prince who took his place in the old Victoria Theatre orchestra, as he used to meet us on Tuesday and Friday evenings at 6.30, and leave us for the theatre at 7 o'clock; but he always left a clarionet player from the barracks band with us until 8 o'clock. His name was Edward Kearns, and he was afterwards and for years bandmaster, to the Balmain Brass Band, where I often met him in years afterwards. Sergeant Prince was a lovely cornet Player, the equal of Kohler or Van de Meyden, of Fitzgerald's Circus fame, who were considered the greatest cornet players that ever visited these shores. Sergeant Prince wan killed by being thrown from his horse at West Maitland some years after.

"OLD SYDNEY", Truth (17 July 1910), 11

"OBITUARY", Freeman's Journal (4 December 1913), 19


Music seller, concert promoter

Arrived Brisbane, 1853 (per Calfernia)
Died Brisbane, 24 March 1869, aged 55


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (11 February 1854), 3

"CONCERT", The Moreton Bay Courier (26 August 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (4 November 1854), 1

"MORETON BAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1854), 4

Mr. Cooling of this place has made arrangements for getting up a series of three concerts, on a very superior scale, which will take place during the assizes. He has engaged the services of Miss Flora Harris, and Messrs. F. H. Dicker, E. Hancock, and Mr. E. Emanuel, of Sydney. The last named gentleman is to act as pianist and conductor. The programme is not yet published, but I understand the selections will be of a very attractive kind. Mr. Cooling deserves the thanks of this community for his endeavours to procure for them a description of amusement which promises to be of a kind of excellence to which they have been little accustomed. Refined amusements of this character, which are at once harmless and attractive, have ever been reckoned among the most civilising of instruments, and here, where as yet they have never been introduced, their effect must be proportionably powerful, and will, we have little doubt, meet with the most extensive patronage. This is requisite indeed to indemnify Mr. Cooling, for the bare expenses and trouble he has been at, in concocting and perfecting all the arrangements, which, as may be well believed, have required the outlay of a considerable sum of money. There can be little doubt however, that the undertaking will meet with the success which it merits, and more than reimburse his out-lay.

"CONCERT", The Moreton Bay Courier (18 November 1854), 2

"MR. COOLING'S CONCERTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (25 November 1854), 2

"IPSWICH", The Moreton Bay Courier (16 June 1855), 2

MR. COOLING'S Concerts of the Ethiopian Serenaders were undertaken chiefly on the strength of promises of support made by the Brisbane people. There, however, they proved a failure, bringing the enterprising speculator nothing but loss. Though I have his authority for the extent of the deficit, I forbear to state it, being warned by my experience on the last occasion. But I believe Mr. Cooling to have lost considerably, entirely through the bad faith of many who promised him support in Brisbane ... In Ipswich, Mr. Cooling has in a measure, redeemed the losses incurred in Brisbane, and we have his word pledged, that, should he undertake to bring up another company to Moreton Bay, he will give the first concert here ... I respect the prejudices of those who keep away from all public amusements from what they deem religious motives. Not that I respect prejudices as such. I despise them or pity them as the case may be. But in this particular matter, I have known Christians who were very narrow minded, but whose love of music, for example, opened their hearts to make an exception of all musical entertainments; and I have known Christians who were very liberal-minded, and had very cheerful views of life, who shuddered at the idea of going to a concert. But I hold that it is of very great importance to the welfare of the district, that music should be extensively cultivated. I am not an admirer of these Negro Concerts. I consider them a satire, a bitter one, on the English genius of song. I prefer a Miska Hauser. But I think it a burning shame that a man who has done what Mr. Cooling has to supply the district with musical entertainments, should receive a sham support and not a real one.

"A CASE FOR THE BENEVOLENT", The Moreton Bay Courier (14 August 1860), 2

"DEATHS", The Queenslander (3 April 1869), 1

"Death of an Old Resident", The Brisbane Courier (24 July 1909), 4

"IN THE 50's. MUSIC IN BRISBANE. FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (17 September 1929), 1

COONEY, Miss (? Catherine COONEY)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1829

"MR. LEVEY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (22 August 1829), 3

... The first song, by Miss Cooney, "O, No! We never mention him!" displayed the clear and powerful voice of this young lady, and was loudly called for a second time, but the rules of the Concert forbade her complying with the wish of the audience so early in the evening ... Miss Cooney than sang "Ye Banks and Braes, &c." and gave universal satisfaction. We heard a thorough judge of vocal talent say, that this young lady only required lessons from the first masters, to become a first-rate singer, fit for the London stage ...


Actor, comic vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by December 1832


On 27 December 1832, Mr. Cooper appeared as Captain Crosstree in Jerrold's Black-eyed Susan, the first comedy performed under Levey's management in the newly-fitted up saloon of the Royal Hotel, pending completion of the large theatre. he continued to perform for Levey during 1833.


"THEATRE-ROYAL, SYDNEY", The Sydney Herald (31 December 1832), 3 

The part of BLACK-KYED SUSAN, by (Mrs. Love), was well adapted to her powers ... DOLLY MAY FLOWER (Mrs. Weston) performed her part with much navieté. CAPTAIN CROSSTREE (Mr. Cooper) was a gentlemanly and dignified performance ...

COOZE, Mr. (? William Joseph)

Bass vocalist, flautist

Born London, 16 July 1814
Active Melbourne, 1850-55
Died North Fitzroy, VIC, 1885


Probably only recently arrived, Cooze appeared in Charles Packer's Melbourne concert in January 1851, singing with Packer and Mrs. Testar in the trio from Packer's opera Sadak and Kalasrade and in Martini's Laughing Trio. In February he played flute obligato to Mrs. Testar in Bishop's Echo Song, and again appeared as a "Buffo Vocalist and Flautist" for Hemy's concert in April. He continued to appear in concerts during 1852 and 1853 both as singer and instrumentalist, and was billed as a principal instrumentalist (alongside Winterbottom and Durant) in a "Grand Beethoven Festival" in August 1853. He is last listed playing in Douglas Callen's orchestra in a grand concert at the Theatre Royal in 1855. He was in New Zealand by 1864, and in 1868 played there under Charles Eigenschenck.

1852: HERR MATER'S CONCERT - We have received the annexed letters in reference to the late disappointments at Herr Mater's concert - 196, Russell-street Melbourne, 7th June, 1852 Wilson, Esq. Sir,- You have very kindly invited an explanation with regard to my absence from Herr Mater's concert. Allow me to state that it was caused not from any ungenerous or unhandsome rivalry (for he is no rival of mine), but by accident and unavoidable circumstances to which every person is liable. I value the patronage of the Melbourne public too much to play with it; and l conceive the only way to merit their favour is to do all in my power to assist any musician who may arrive in this colony. Hitherto I have done so; and suffered in a pecuniary way, in consequence. I did not arrive at home in time or I would have forwarded an apology. This, I trust, will be received as an excuse: and I refer you to my past career, whether I would be guilty of misleading the public, except under peculiar circumstances. I remain Sir, Your obedient humble servant. W. V. COOZE.

1854: The charming songs of Galatea were sung by Mrs. Testar, in her usual correct and chaste style; but her most successful effort during the evening was Bishop's song, with Flute Obligato Lo, here the gentle lark! which was most vociferously encored. Mr. Cooze played the Obligato in a highly creditable and artistic manner.


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 February 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 April 1851), 3

"THE SATURDAY CONCERT", The Argus (1 May 1852), 5

"HERR MATER'S CONCERT", The Argus (8 June 1852), 3

"CONCERT", The Argus (8 July 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 August 1853), 8

"EXHIBITION CONCERTS", The Age (21 November 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 February 1855), 8

[Advertisement], Otago Daily Times (16 September 1864), 1

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (29 January 1866), 4

[Advertisement], West Coast Times (9 September 1868), 3

Bibliography and resources:

COPE, David (senior)

Musician, violinist, conductor, composer, violin maker, "Professor of Music and Astrology"

Born Birmingham, England, 1848
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1879
Died Geelong, VIC, 14 July 1934, aged 86

COPE, David (junior) (David William COPE; alias "KOPSKI")

Pianist, violinist, composer,

Born England, May 1870
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1879
Departed for England, by 1904 or earlier


"Mr. David Cope", Table Talk (7 December 1888), 16 

"On and Off the Stage", Table Talk (17 November 1904), 19 

Mr. David Cope, jun., another Australian who is making a great hit on the music-halls as classical pianist, under the name of Kopski, was also under engagement to Mr. Blascheck at Margate for a fortnight.

[Stage news], Sunday Times (28 January 1906), 2 

Mr. David Cope, who was for twelve years musical director during the brilliant Brough Boucicault management in Australia, has recently taken up his permanent residence in London. His son, under the name of Kopski, was appearing at the Tivoli in a strikingly original pianoforte turn.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1934), 14 

"OBITUARY", The Argus (16 July 1934), 8 

The death occurred on Saturday at Garden street, Geelong, of Mr. David Cope, musical conductor, aged 86 years, Mr. Cope was engaged with many Australian theatrical producers as musical director. He composed a number of works and contributed to several journals under the pen name of Agar Zariel. Born in Birmingham, England, Mr. Cope came to Australia in 1880. He is survived by a sister and brother, both of whom live in Geelong.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 August 1934), 13 

Musical works:

Tranquilite, nocturne, pour le piano, op. 26 par David Cope junr. (Melbourne: The composer, [1887]) 

St. Valentine waltzes composed by David Cope junr. (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [1891]) 

COPE, Thomas Spencer (Mr. Justice COPE; Judge COPE)

Amateur musician, conductor, band director

Active VIC, from 1853
Died Brunswick, VIC, 11 November 1891


"THE LATE JUDGE COPE", The Argus (12 November 1891), 7 

... He was a most excellent musician, and could play well on almost any musical instrument. He took a very active part in promoting or supporting societies intended for social amusement, and when he was at the Ovens he taught a large number of lads, the sons of local residents, the fife and drum. At the Ovens and Murray Exhibition he had a band of them, consisting of 30 performers, and he marshalled them in procession to the exhibition and led them in the music they played there ...


COPPIN, Frederick James

Violinist, orchestra leader, Teacher of the Violin, Cornopean and [Piano?] Tunist

Born Market Deeping, England, 1824
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1849 and until at least 1852; Melbourne, by July 1855
Died Emerald Hill, VIC, 27 April 1881, aged 56


Writing to the Melbourne press in 1874, Coppin claimed to have worked for 33 years in his "present position", which would date his professional musical activities (either as an orchestral leader or more likely as an orchestral violinist) to as early as 1841. On the other hand, he was reportedly only 56 at the time of his death in 1881, which would place his birthdate round 1835. He was also supposed to be the "brother" (he could almost have have been a son) of George Coppin (b.1819), and presumably arrived in Australian sometime after George's arrival in Sydney in 1843, perhaps coming first to Melbourne or Adelaide. He was, nevertheless, certainly joint "leader of the band" (with Mr. Lee) for brother George Coppin in Adelaide in November 1849. While also continuing to play rank-and-file violin in various Adelaide bands, he was licensee (unbelievably if he was really only 15) of the Billy Barlow hotel in 1850, and for Coppin's Grand Assembly Ball in August 1850 Frederick introduced the topical The Auction Mart Tavern quadrilles, named after George Coppin's hotel ("arranged for the occasion by Mr F. Coppin, introducing the following celebrated airs: Free-and-Easy, Rogue's March, All round my Hat, Oh 'tis Love, The Young May Moon, Dere's some one in de House Miss Dinah, Sich a Gittin up Stairs, Billy Barlow, and We won't go Home till Morning). By 1855 he was leader of the band at George Coppin's Olympic in Melbourne, where in August 1856 he band presented him with "a splendid diamond ring as a mark of their respect, and an acknowledgment of his quiet and gentlemanly conduct as the head or the orchestra." In December 1856 for a pantomime at the Theatre Royal he "arranged" overture and incidental music that included "reminiscences of Martha, Masaniello, Der Freischutz, [Bochsa's] Je suis une Bayadère,  the Spider Dance, and various popular airs; while the obligato passages assigned to the clarionet, ophecleide, and cornet-a-piston respectively, nightly receive a special recognition of applause." Again at the Theatre Royal in September 1858, for the Married Daughters and Once Upon a Times There Were Two Kings, the "characteristic incidental music [was] composed, selected and arranged by L Lavenu", the Overture [by] Mr. F. Coppin".


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 November 1849),  2

"BENCH OF MAGISTRATES", South Australian Register (16 March 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 April 1852), 2

"MR. FREDERICK COPPIN IN REPLY. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (24 March 1874), 5

"PUBLICAN'S LICENSES", South Australian (15 March 1850), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian (19 August 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1855), 8

"THE OLYMPIC THEATRE", The Argus (16 August 1856), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (29 December 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 September 1858), 8

"Deaths", The Argus (28 April 1881), 1

"MRS. FRED. COPPIN'S BENEFIT", The Argus (16 May 1881), 6

COPPIN, George (George Selth)

Singer, songwriter, comedian, entrepreneur, composer/arranger

Born Steyning, Sussex, England, 8 April 1819
Arrived Sydney, 10 March 1843 (per Templar)
Died Richmond, Victoria, 14 March 1906 (NLA persistent identifier)



Coppin's name is attached as singer, lyricist, and or "arranger" to several printed musical works, including the two extant below, and, perhaps most interesting, one lost work: The Argo medley polka ("descriptive of the Argo leaving England and arriving in Victoria, announcing the fall of Sebastopol"; "arranged by Mr. Coppin on board on her passage out to the colonies").


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1843), 3

See also "Billy Barlow ... to which is now added, Billy Barlow's emigration to Australia" (London: Davidson, [185-?])

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 December 1854), 8

"THE QUEENS THEATRE", The Argus (27 December 1854), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 January 1855), 4

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. BY J. S. No. II.", The Argus (24 May 1890), 13

Master George was almost born in a theatre evinced a precocious taste for music, took to the violin when a mere child and was second fiddler in the orchestra of his father's theatre. As soon as he was old enough to make a start on his own account, he fiddled his way up to London, and was engaged as second low comedian and second violin by Saville Faucit ...

Images: above

see also

Resources: ADB George Coppin

Musical arrangements:

Billy Barlow ("Billy Barlow's Visit to Sydney ... As Sung by Mr. Coppin, at the Royal Victoria Theatre. Arranged for the Piano Forte ... Arranged by George Coppin") (Sydney: Thomas Rolfe, 1843)

Villikins and his Dinah ([? John Parry] "as sung at the Royal Victoria Theatre by Mr. G. Coppin") (Sydney: H. Marsh, [185-?])

CORCORAN, James Vincent (Revd. Mr.)

Church singer

Arrived Sydney, 12 September 1835 (per Oriental, from Liverpool, April)
Died Sydney, 4 August 1837, aged 35


A secular cleric, he arrived in Sydney with Bede Polding in September 1835. At Polding's installation at St. Mary's chapel later than month, Corcoran was reportedly one of choir: "several new musical pieces were performed by Mrs. Rust, the Rev. Messrs. Spencer and Corcoran, &c. Mrs. Chester and several other professional singers were also in the choir, Mr. Cavendish presiding at the Seraphine". He was killed on the Parramatta Road when thrown from, and run over by, his gig. His funeral mass at St. Mary's was reportedly "distinguished for its melody and sweetness".


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Colonist (17 September 1835), 7

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (21 September 1835), 3

"Deaths", The Australian (5 September 1837), 2

"FUNERAL OF THE REV. MR. CORCORAN", The Sydney Monitor (8 September 1837), 2

"FUNERAL OF THE REV. JAMES VINCENT CORCORAN", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 September 1837), 2

[News], The Sydney Herald (11 September 1837), 2

Bibliography and resources:

John Kenny, A history of the commencement and progress of Catholicity in Australia, up to the year 1840 (Sydney: F. Cunninghame, 1886)

CORDNER, William John

Tenor vocalist, organist, pianist, conductor, composer

Born Dungannon, Tyrone, Ireland, 4 December 1826
Arrived Sydney, 1854
Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 15 July 1870, aged 43 (NLA persistent identifier)

CORDNER, Ellen (Miss MUNTON; later Mrs. MILES)

Contralto vocalist, pianist

Born Brentford, Middlesex, England, 1842
Married (1) William CORDNER, 18 May 1858
Married (2) John Balfour Clement MILES, 25 February 1871
Died Sydney, January 1932


William Cordner first Sydney stage appearance was in Miska Hauser's first Sydney concert in November 1854, singing tenor in Morley's madrigal Now is the Month of Maying with Theodosia Guerin, Sara Flower, and John and Frank Howson. He appeared in several productions at the Royal Victoria Theatre in the first half of 1855. Though himself Episcopalean, he was organist of St. Patrick's Church until early in 1857, and by August that year organist of St Mary's Cathedral, when he also performed in Anna Bishop's Oratorio (under George Loder). He was Lewis Lavenu's choirmaster for the 1859 University of Sydney Music Festival, and conductor of the Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society. A rare record of a Cordner composition is the Thanksgiving Hymn For The Preservation Of H.R.H. The Duke Of Edinburgh From The Late Attempt Upon His Life (words: Derwent Coleridge), published and first performed in March 1868, but lost.

Obituary (1870): DEATH OF MR. CORDNER.- Another well known and, respected citizen has been called away from amongst us. After a long and painful illness, Mr. Cordner, Professor of Music, died at his residence in Woolloomooloo-street, yesterday morning, at half-post 2 o'clock. Mr. William John Cordncr was a native of Armagh, and is understood to have received his elementary education in Musical Science in the school attached to the Protestant cathedral of that ancient Irish city. About fourteen years ago, Mr. Cwdiier arrived in this colony, where his professional ability was immediately recognised, and he was appointed organist at St. Patrick's Church, then under the pastoral care of the Very Rev. Dean Sumner. In that position Mr. Cordner made himself so remaikable for the untiring zeal which he displayed in the performance of his duties that the authorities of St. Mary's appointed him, in 1857, organist and choirmaster to that cathedral - an office wherein he is understood to have given entire satisfaction to his employers, and which he continued to hold until his death. For a long time past Mr. Cordner's health has been very infirm,and his sufferings often great, but he bore up against his manifold ailments so manfully, that the news of his death has affected many of his friends with a sorrowful surprise. In his last illness he was attended by Messrs. Charles Nathan and Alfred Roberts. Mr. Cordner was an Episcopalian, and died in that communion. He was visited for some time before his decease by the Rev. G. H. Moreton, of St. Peter's. By all who know him Mr. Cordner will be much regretted, and by none, perhaps, more than by the Roman Catholic clergy of St. Mary's, by whom he appears to have been universally respected and esteemed. Mr. Cordner was remarkable for having always shown himself ready and willing to give the influential aid of his cultivated talents and assiduity to any public or private charity, although a man of but limited means, working for his daily bread. Whatever he agreed to undertake he always exerted himself to have thoroughly well done - totally irrespective of the amount of compensation (if any) contingent upon its performance. His place will be vacant amongst the members of his profession, and he will long be remembered by the Sydney public. Mr. Cordner leaves a widow, but no children, after him. He was in the forty-fourth year of his age. His remains will be interred to-morrow afternoon, in the Episcopalian Cemetery, Haslem Creek.

Obituary (1932): Mrs. Ellen Miles, who died at her residence in Albyn-road, Strathfield, on Saturday, was formerly one of the best-known singers in Sydney. She was born at Brentford, Middlesex, England, in 1842, and came to Australia as a girl. She married Mr. W. J. Cordner, at the time Sydney's chief organist and conductor. Under his tuition, his young wife developed a fine contralto voice, and was Sydney's chief resident contralto singer during the sixties and seventies. Their home was a centre for all visiting musicians. Among Mrs. Cordner's pupils were John D. Delany and the Gehdes. Among her early friends was Mrs. Stewart, and her famous daughter, the late Nellie Stewart, whom she often nursed as a baby; and Nellie Stewart's step-sisters, Maggie and Docie Guerin. Some years after Mr. Cordner's death his widow married Mr. J. B. C. Miles, a well known accountant. He died in 1907, and Mrs. Miles had lived in retirement since. She was well known for her charity. She is survived by one son, Mr. W. Miles. The funeral took place at Rookwood Cemetery on Monday.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1854), 1

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1858), 9

CORDNER - MUNTON. May 18th, at St. Philip's Church ...

"SYDNEY", The Musical Times (1 April 1865), 38

"SYDNEY", The Musical Times (1 May 1865), 60

"SYDNEY", The Musical Times (1 November 1865), 167

"PUNCH'S EVENING AMUSEMENTS", Sydney Punch (21 March 1868), 134

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1868), 9

"NEW SOUTH WALES", The Musical World (12 February 1870), 109

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 July 1870), 1

"Death of Mr. W. J. Cordner", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 July 1870), 3

"DEATH OF MR. CORDNER", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 July 1870), 6

"MRS. E. MILES", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1932), 15

Bibliography and resources:

E. J. Lea-Scarlett, Cordner, William John (1826-1870), Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

Rushworth 1988, 271-72

CORK, William

Bandmaster (Volunteer Artillery)

Active Sydney, by 1870


"VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY", Empire (9 July 1870), 2

"The Concert in Aid ...", Australian Town and Country Journal (31 August 1872), 6

"The Volunteer Artillery Brigade Band", Empire (2 August 1873), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1879), 2

CORNISH, Ebenezer

Organist, choirmaster

Born Holbeton, Plymouth, England, 31 March 1836
Arrived Adelaide, 1840 (per Brightman)
Active Adelaide, by 1860
Died Port Augusta, SA, 26 November 1873, aged 37 (of exhaustion from over-exertion while bathing)


"MARRIED", South Australian Register (2 July 1857), 2

"PIRIE-STREET WESLEYAN CHAPEL. ANNIVERSARY SERVICES", The South Australian Advertiser (30 October 1860), 3

"ORGANIST", South Australian Register (14 April 1862), 3

"ST. PAUL'S YOUNG MEN'S SOCIETY SOIREE", South Australian Register (4 November 1863), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 February 1864), 1

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (26 March 1864), 2

"BIRTHS ... DEATHS", South Australian Register (13 December 1873), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Family history


"Professor of Music", violinist, fiddler

Active ? Sydney, 1841; Maitland, NSW, by 1846; Sydney, 1850


"THE EMIGRANT'S ANNUAL BALL", Australasian Chronicle (7 January 1841), 2 

On Friday night last, the fifth anniversary of this festival took place at Mr. Clarke's dancing academy, King-street, and went off in a style that reflected much credit upon the stewards. About eight o'clock the musicians occupied the tastefully decorated orchestra ... About half-past nine the ball was commenced with a country dance, led off by one of the stewards, which was admirably gone through, and followed by the first set of quadrilles; the next was a Spanish waltz, which was pretty fairly gone through; then came the lanciers and were well danced; but in the triumph, country dance, which followed, I assert that nothing I have seen for years could excel the precision, which appeared to be in a great degree attributable to the just and well arranged music of the leader, Mr. Cornish, supported by Mr. Sutton on the clarionet, with which the other instruments formed a band of nine. The Caledonian quadrilles and Scotch reel followed, which completed the first part in the programme. I cannot omit noticing that the general admiration of the assembly was elicited at the splendid manner in which Mr. Clarke's pupil, Miss Thompson, aged twelve years, acquitted herself in a pas suel. The dances in part 2 were then begun, comprising, Patronella, country dance; Paine's first set quadrilles; the Circassian circles; lanciers; Towe's first set ; Scotch reel and Spanish waltz. Between the second and third parts Mr. Clarke, brother to the Professor, entertained the company with an admirable hornpipe, at the conclusion of which the stewards ordered the whole company up for the last country dance, when six full sets appeared, leaving about forty ladies and gentlemen yet in their seats, forming in the party about 112 persons ...- Correspondent.

"CATCHING A TARTAR", The Maitland Mercury (11 November 1846), 2

On Wednesday last, at the opening of Mr. Burgess's new public-house, at Hinton, a lot of choice spirits were assembled to celebrate the occasion; for the amusement of whom Mr. Burgess had provided the delectable tones of a violin, under the manual direction of Mr. Cornish.

"ALLEGED BREACH OF THE LICENSING ACT", The Maitland Mercury (30 June 1847), 2

"MORE FREE THAN WELCOME", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1850), 2

"BURGLARY", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1850), 2

Bibliography and resources:'s_glory_hinton.htm

CORRIGAN, James ("Bugler Corrigan")

Musician, bandmaster

Active Ballarat, 1865
Died VIC, 1867


Ballarat and Ballarat district directory (1865), 69, 82

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (11 August 1866), 2

We regret to bear that bugler Corrigan, of the Ballarat Rangers, is compelled by ill-health to retire from the corps. He is an old Indian soldier and the two climates of India and Ballarat have impaired his health and rendered his resignation of his present position inevitable. His services have been so well appreciated by his comrades that they are subscribing a testimonial for him, in which we doubt not a good many civilians will readily unite if applied to for that purpose.

"COUNTRY NEWS", The Age (22 February 1867), 7

THE DEATH OF JAMES CORRIGAN, formerly bugler in the 2nd Queen's Royals, the first bandmaster to the Warrnambool Volunteer Rifle Corps, and latterly bandmaster to the Ballaarat Rifle Rangers, is announced, very regretfully, in the Warrnambool papers.

? possibly a mis-identification; James Corrigan, headmaster of Wesley College, Melbourne, died in January 1867

COUAT, M. (Monsieur COUAT)

Violinist (pupil of Sivori; for Catherine Hayes's concerts)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 August 1855 (per Marcus Caesar, from San Francisco, 17 May)


"LLANELLI", Yr Amserau (2 November 1853), 4 

LLANELLI-Cyngherdd. Dydd Gwener wythnos Pr diweddaf, cynaliodd y Llanelly Philharmonic Society ... y Mechanics Institution am y tymhor presenol. Cynorthwywyd hwy gan Monsieur Couat, un o'r Violinists gorau yn y byd ...

"THE THEATRES", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1855), 4

We have also to add that, by the Marcus Caesar, which arrived here from San Francisco on Saturday, Mademoiselle Denerie, from the leading Parisian theatres, a danseuse of whom report speaks highly, and Monsieur Couat, a violinist (a favourite pupil of M. Sivori), were passengers. Both artistes have testimonials of their ability and great success before the most critical audiences of Paris and some of the chief cities of England and the United States.

"MISS CATHARINE HAYES' SECOND GRAND CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1855), 5

"MISS CATHARINE HAYES' CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 August 1855), 5

A MONS. COUAT was announced as a celebrated violinist. This word celebrated becomes somewhat ill-used of late. He is certainly a good violinist, but we should like to hear a littli more of him before we pronounce an opinion upon his deserts. There is no instrument more capable of trickeries than the violin, and a man, without being a first-rate violinist, might imitate the mewing of the very cat, and the squeaking of the very rat, that "eat the malt that lay in the house that Jack built."

"SYDNEY", The Argus (18 August 1855), 6

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1855), 5

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. Last evening, his Excellency the Governor-General, Lady Denison, and family, honored this Theatre with their presence on the occasion of Miss Catherine Hayes' third appearance in English opera, as Arline, in M. W. Balfe's Bohemian Girl ... In Mr. Balfe's piquant instrumentation, the orchestra, under M. Lavenu's direction, did ample justice. The obligato accompaniments of M. Couat, violin; M. Tranter, double bass; and M. Francesco Volpi, clarionet, demand especial attention.

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", Empire (17 September 1855), 5

COULON, Emile Georges

Bass-baritone singer, arranger

Born ? France, c.1821/2
Arrived Australia, Sydney, 10 September 1854
Departed Melbourne, 26 December 1860
Died USA, late 1874


According to his obituary, Coulon was a pupil of the younger Manuel Garcia (1805-1906). The same document reports that he was 53 at the time of his death (therefore born in 1821 or 1822), and that he made his debut in 1851. However, he was probably the M. Coulon in Mequet's new opera troupe at Brest in 1850, and the M. Coulon who was Bertram in Meyerbeer's Robert le diable in Paris early in 1853 (see also M. Coulon and M. Coulon, première basse-taille de grand opéra). By mid-1853 he must have been in the United States, for he appeared several times in the San Francisco opera season beginning in September 1853. There his regular co-artist was the tenor Laglaise (probably Jean-Baptiste Laglaise, or Laglaize), who from 1856 also sang with him regularly in Australia. In July 1854, Coulon assisted Catherine Hayes at her farewell recital, prior to sailing with her for Australia. For more on Coulon in San Francisco, see The Pioneer (1854), 114, 115, 245, and Martin, Verdi at the Golden Gate (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1993).

The Hayes company's arrival in Sydney on 10 September 1854 was announced in an article in The Sydney Morning Herald the following morning that mentioned Coulon favourably. After working with Hayes and Lewis Lavenu in 1854-55, he and Laglaise (recently arrived from the USA) toured with Anna Bishop and George Loder in 1856 as a member of their English Opera Company. A contemporary appreciation of Coulon in Australia appears in Frank Fowler's Southern lights and shadows.

In Melbourne on 13 April 1859, as reviewed in The Argus, he gave the first performance of Sidney Nelson's new national song, Advance Australia (published the following month). From July 1859, Coulon spent 8 months in Mauritius, returning to Melbourne in March 1860. He was in Sydney appearing in opera in June and July, and in Melbourne in October-November floated a scheme to form a European opera company for the colonies. Coulon finally sailed from Melbourne for England on 26 December 1860. In May, as reported in the press, local supporters of his touring opera company scheme received a letter from him stating that he had: "succeeded in organizing a company provisionally, which would be ready to proceed to the colonies upon approval ... The company embraces three ladies, three gentlemen, 10 members of orchestra, and the nucleus of a competent chorus." However, at a meeting on 30 August, subscribers were told: "M. Coulon's opera scheme may be considered defunct." He never returned to Australia.

Coulon reportedly sang Marcel in Huguenots in Brussels in 1864 (the correspondent for The Reader judged him "a careful and finished vocalist, but incapable of giving adequate expression to the fierce Calvinistic exaltation of the character"). He was at Covent Garden for the 1868 season. According to The Saturday Review, one Signor Collini in a revival of Robert le diable there was "no other than M. Coulon, who had for some years vainly striven to make a reputation for himself at the Grand Opera in Paris". The name Signor Collini had perhaps been coined the previous year, when Coulon appeared thus at Milan as count Capuleto in Gounod's Romeo e Giulietta. In 1873, at San Carlo in Naples, however, The Athenaeum's correspondent judged that Signor Collini as the "new Germont ... must be regarded as a failure; he is the heaviest of heavy fathers, and his voice had a continuous tremolo, as if the old man had been attacked with the palsy: his make-up was quite hideous."

This obituary appeared in Melbourne's The Argus (23 January 1875):

The announcement of the death of Emile Coulon (which appeared as an extract in yesterday's Argus) will recal[l] to the reader's mind many a scene in the stirring times which followed the discovery of gold in Victoria. At the time when the "Salle Valentino" was the chief place for musical entertainment, the old Theatre Royal was being built, and long before the theatre itself was finished, the Vestibule was used, and very largely patronised as a concert room. It was here that Coulon sang twenty years ago and delighted the audience of that day (at it was a thoroughly appreciative and critical audience). The people who had come fresh from London, Paris or Vienna recognised the good quality of the singer who could do justice to the buffo music of Rossini and Donizetti. Here in those days Coulon's name was associated with many another yet remembered. Mrs. Hancock, Madame Carandini, Octavia Hamilton, Louisa Swannell, the Australian Nightingale, Charles Lyall, Charles Biall, "Johnston of the 40th" and "Callen of the 12th." From this time up to 1859, in which year M. Coulon left the country [recte 1860], he was associated in opera with the Bianchis, Laglaise, Greig and many others of note in those days, who have long since passed from the scene. It was expected when Coulon left Melbourne that he was to return with a complete opera company, but he did not return, to the great disappointment of many citizens well disposed towards the patronage of musical art. The little obituary notice from which we quote says that Coulon was 53 years old when he died, that he made his debut in 1851, and that he was one of the best of Garcia's pupils. We who remember him know that was a good singer, and had a good voice; while he remained in Melbourne he was in his very prime. The Garcia who was his master was the brother of Malibran and of Viardot. There is no such singer now in Melbourne as Emile Coulon was in those lively days we speak of.

Musical works:

At Hayes's "Last grand concert" at the Royal Victoria Theatre on 30 September, under the musical direction of Lewis Lavenu, Coulon sang the French National Hymn La Marseillaise. He performed it widely. Following later Sydney performances in April 1855, on 10 May Woolcott & Clarke advertised their illustrated edition of the Marseillaise Hymn, arranged by M. Coulon, his only published work.


Émile Coulon (mid 19th-century Belgian architect); Eugène Coulon (fl. London 1844-60): French dancing-master was in the ballet at London's Her Majesty's Theatre at the time, reputedly "introduced the Polka to England in 1844" (Coulon's Hand-book; containing all the last new and fashionable dances (1860/1873), see also Coulon in A Biographical Dictionary of Actors). A pianist, Miss or Mlle. Coulon, was active in London in the early 1850s, appearing for instance in 1851 at (her father?) Mr. E. Coulon's rooms, Great Marlborough Street. Eugene is the Coulon celebrated in the titles of several dance prints with music by Jullien. In Sydney in September 1853, Henry Marsh published an Australian edition (lost) of Pop goes the weasel "With description of the Figures by COULON, and the Original Music" (cf. extant 1853 US edition). On 16 March 1867, the Argus reported: "At the Hamilton Police Court on Tuesday, Emille Calon, professor of music, was charged with attempting to poison himself  with strychnine." The report evidently confused the memory of Emile Coulon with Edward Calon, the first known mention of a musician soon after active in Adelaide (where he was also accused of embezzlement) and later as organist of St. Paul's Church in Sale, Victoria.

Note 2013 (information from Allister Hardiman):

Emile Georges Coulon (his contract with Catherine Hayes was signed "Georges Coulon") died in the USA in 1874. He probably belonged to the family of the dancers Jean-François Coulon (1764-1836) and his son, London-based from 1844, Antoine Coulon (1796-1849).

Works online:

Marseillaise Hymn (arranged by M. Coulon) (Sydney: Woolcott & Clarke, [1855])


Composer, writer, editor

COUNSEL, Mary Josephine


Died Somerville, VIC, 21 July 1894

Bendigo 1872: CORRESPONDENCE. From Edward Counsel, of North Melbourne, a genius who stated he has composed 20,000 original airs and musical pieces, and that he was prepared to give entertainments out of the lot as singer, improvisatore, dramatic reader, impresario, and composer. Received as read.

Somerville, 1894: On Saturday last one of the oldest residents of the district, Mrs. Mary Josephine Counsel, died suddenly at her residence. Deceased was the wife of Mr. Edward Counsel, a well-known composer of music, among which may be mentioned, the "Melodies of Erin." He was also the author of 10,000 maxims. Mrs. Counsel also composed fifty pieces of music, thirty of which were accepted by the Education Department for school songs, and she also gained several rewards and certificates at the various exhibitions.


"ADELAIDE CORPORATION ... CORRESPONDENCE", The South Australian Advertiser (30 August 1870), 3

"AN IMPROVISATORE", Empire (30 January 1871), 2

"CORRESPONDENCE", Bendigo Advertiser (9 January 1872), 2

"Somerville", Mornington Standard (26 July 1894), 7

Professor of music, singing master, organist, pianist, musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1857
Died Malvern, VIC, 9 October 1906

COUPLAND, William Henry

Organist, pianist, violinist, teacher, music examiner

Born Ballarat, VIC, 1859/60 (son of Samuel COUPLAND)
Died Nedlands, WA, 1 October 1931, aged 71

COUPLAND, Miss (? Misses)

Organist, teacher of music

Active Bendigo, by 1869


"BALLARAT DISCUSSION SOCIETY", The Star (8 December 1857), 2

There was a public gathering at the Temperance and Discussion Hall, Bakery Hill, on Monday evening, on the occasion of an "amateur entertainment," given for the purpose of raising funds for the purchase of a harmonium and piano, and to aid in the formation of a Choral Society, to be affiliated with the Discussion Society ... the whole winding up with "God save the Queen," by the company. Mr. S. Coupland presided at the instrument, which is from Huxtable's Repository, and appeared to be in good tune and of mellow yet powerful tone.

"HAWKERS' AND PEDLERS' LICENSES", The Star (9 December 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Star (17 November 1860), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (3 April 1869), 3

"LONG GULLY POPULAR READINGS", Bendigo Advertiser (9 November 1869), 2

"DEATHS", Bendigo Advertiser (2 November 1876), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 February 1883), 12

"DEATHS", The Australasian (20 October 1906), 58

"WILLS AND ESTATES", The Argus (21 November 1906), 7

"ST. GEORGE'S CATHEDRAL. To the editor", The West Australian (17 September 1907), 6

"LATE MR. W. H. COUPLAND", The Daily News (2 October 1931), 7

[Advertisement], The West Australian (3 July 1947), 3

COUSENS, Harriette (Harriet, Harriete Eliza LIGHT; Mrs. Walter Page COUSENS; ? formerly "Miss GRANT" of Drury Lane)

Professor of Music, pianist, vocalist (pupil of Kalkbrenner and Crivelli)

Born England, 1805/6
Arrived Launceston, VDL (TAS), 10 January 1838 (per Louisa Campbell, from London, 29 September 1837)
Died Sydney, NSW, 7 April 1876, aged 70

COUSENS, Clara Helen (Mrs. Kingsmill SHAW; Helen Kingsmill SHAW)

Contralto vocalist (pupil of Sara Flower, and Julius Benedict), pianist, singing teacher

Born Sydney, NSW, 1847 (daughter of the above)
Married Henry Kingsmill Shaw, St. James's Church, Sydney, 9 March 1867
Died Milan, Italy, 1922


Mrs. Cousens, for "many years a Teacher of Piano Forte and Singing in London and Cheltenham", and as she advertised later "a pupil of Kalkbrenner and Crivelli", arrived in Launceston with her husband, Walter Page Cousens (1801-1863) and four children in January 1838.

In March 1838 a report in The Sydney Gazette claimed she was formerly the vocalist "Miss Grant" of Drury Lane. Since the Miss Grant in question was almost certainly Anadalusia Grant (c.1809-1888; as Lady Molesworth, wife of the British secretary for the colonies), this cannot be correct; perhaps more likely that they were both pupils of Crivelli (active on stage 1828-1830, Miss Grant had earlier sung at one of Liszt's London concerts on 9 June 1827). Regardless of her identity, the gist of the Sydney report was that Cousens had been signed up by Wyatt for his new Sydney theatre. However, her husband having set up as a general agent in Launceston, she instead opened a school there.

She also continued to give "private lessons in Music, Singing, and Drawing, at her own residence", and in January 1840, perhaps uniquely in the colonies at that time, was "desirous of receiving an Articled Pupil for Music".

She and her family arrived in Sydney in August 1841, and in September she advertised as a music teacher. As well as continuing to teach music privately, she opened a school for young ladies, "Mrs. Cousens's Establishment", which she ran into the early 1870s.

A Sydney death notice (1856) for her mother identifies Mrs. W. P. Cousens unequivocally as daughter of the late Mrs. Light; and family histories give her name as Harriet Light.

My thanks to a descendent, Jane Beck, for kindly sharing information.


"LAUNCESTON SHIPPING", The Sydney Monitor (29 January 1838), 2

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (27 January 1838), 15

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 March 1838), 2

It is reported in Sydney that Mr. Wyatt's agent at Hobart Town, has engaged a Mrs. Cousens, formerly Miss Grant, a celebrated vocalist, lately arrived by the Louisa Campbell, at Launceston, for the new Theatre, Pitt-street. Mrs. Cousens, when Miss Grant, belonged to the Drury Lane company, London.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (28 December 1839), 4

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (2 January 1840), 1s

"ARRIVALS", Australasian Chronicle (3 August 1841), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (11 September 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1845), 1

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1867), 1 

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 August 1847), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1876), 1

"OBITUARY", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1922), p. 14

News has reached her son in this city of the death of Mrs. Kingsmill Shaw. More than a year ago she left Sydney for Milan to live with daughter (Mme. Carrara) and granddaughter. Mrs. Kingsmill Shaw was then the oldest native-born teacher of singing in this city, having taught singing and music for about 45 years. Helen Kingsmill Shaw was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Cousens, who came here in the early 'Forties from Emsworth, Hampshire, with a considerable fortune, which they lost in a disastrous speculation. Mrs. Cousens, a pupil of the famous Cravelli [sic], then started a ladies' school at the corner of Elizabeth and Liverpool streets, where the grandmothers of many leading Australian families of the present day were educated. Clara Helen Cousens (Mrs. Shaw) was born at this house (in later years occupied by Dr. Sydney Jamieson and then demolished by Mark Foy's Company), and studied singing as a contralto under Sara Flower, and then in London under Sir Julius Benedict. Soon after her return to Sydney, the young artist married Henry Kingsmill Shaw, a Queensland business man related to the Kingsmill Abbott family ... The late Mrs. Shaw retired from public life as a concert artist in the early 'Eighties. One of her latest public activities was in August, 1918, when she trained the chorus of the Amateur Patriotic Musical and Dramatic Society for the revival of "The Cingalee" at the Theatre Royal. There are many interesting aspects of this artist's family history. Her mother was married in London from No.1 Cavendish Square, the house of Mrs. Durham Thackeray's grandmother, and that novelist gave the bride away. Her mother's first cousin was Colonel Light R.E. who surveyed and laid out the city of Adelaide where two statues are elected in his honour.

Documentation (Miss Grant):


Edward Stirling, Old Drury Lane: fifty years' recollections of author, actor, and manager (London: Chatto and Windus, 1881), 209

James Huneker, Franz Liszt (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1911), 305

Kim Reynolds, "Molesworth, Andalusia Grant", Oxford dictionary of national biography (2004)

Other sources:

[Prospectus for] Mrs. Cousens's Establishment, 222 Elizabeth Street, Hyde Park (c.1857)


Professor of Violin and Pianoforte, bandmaster

Active Melbourne 1859-76


Cousins, "Late of Foley-street, Regent's Park, London", Late Quadrille Player to Her Majesty", Late of Adams's Royal Band, Her Majesty's State Band", advertised as a teacher in February 1859, directed the band for the Manchester Unity Ball in August, and in August 1860 was leader of the orchestra at the Royal Victoria Volunteer Artillery Regiment's Annual Subscription Ball. In February 1863, he returned to Melbourne from Dunedin, NZ. He was still active in 1876.

Documentation: [Advertisement], The Argus (14 February 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 August 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 October 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 July 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 February 1863), 8

The Victoria Post Office Directory (1866), 35

"Funeral Notice", The Argus (2 November 1867), 8



Ship's fiddler (Beagle)


Bibliography and resources:

Syms Covington, Wikipedia

COWEN, Frederic Hymen

Conductor, composer

Born Kingston, Jamaica, 29 January 1852
Arrived Melbourne, mid 1888
Departed Melbourne, early 1889
Died London, 6 October 1935 (NLA persistent identifier)


Bibliography and resources:

Kenneth Hince, Cowen, Frederic Hymen (1852-1935), Australian Dictionary of Biography 3 (1969)

COX, Alfred


COXON, William Wilson
Singer, songwriter


Active Ballarat, 1857-58
Died Ballarat, VIC, 18 August 1925, aged 83


Coxon appeared at Ballarat's Charlie Napier Hotel in August 1857, billed as "the celebrated local Comic Singer ... Whose Shakespearian, and other Burlesques, have been received with unbounded applause in this and the neighboring colonies." A few days later "his new local Song, written on Ballarat, SIMON PUIR, OR, THE DAMAGED LOVER" was announced. The press responded coolly to "some tolerable songs of a trifling character by Mr Coxon. Beyond a facility of utterance, in time and keeping with the refrain music, to which the songs and burlesques are set, we do not apprehend that this gentleman aims at any very high standard of excellence as a concert singer. Although he has been nightly encored, very frequently four or five times in succession, his popularity is chiefly due to the matter of his songs, and their apt introduction of purely local peculiarities and allusions." But particular offense was taken at his salacious new song The Pretty Girls of Ballarat, sung moreover before an "assemblage of these women of the town within the walls of the theatre ... disgusting the ears of those who are tempted thither to listen to music which cannot be heard elsewhere, by songs written in the worst possible taste in praise of a vice too common to need any pointed or marked allusion to attract attention." In his show two nights later he introduced "MR COXON'S REPLY TO THE PRESS". Other listed songs include The Flash Colonial Barman in October 1857 (a night the Attorney General attended). In March 1858 the Star called him the "celebrated local improvisatore", and in November reported "Coxon continues to reign supreme as our local comic singer". Nevertheless, he appears to have left the city by the end of that month, when the Star noted "the lack of Mr. Coxon, whose homeward bound intentions have, for a second time, taken him from Ballarat. He will not however, be soon forgotten, for he has been indomitable in making funny songs out of subjects that have appeared only too grave to others of perhaps less sense."


[Advertisement], The Star (17 August 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (21 August 1857), 3

"CHARLIE NAPIER", The Star (21 August 1857), 3

"THE CHARLIE NAPIER", The Star (24 August 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (26 August 1857), 3

"CHARLIE NAPIER", The Star (27 October 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Star (7 December 1857), 3

[2 advertisements], The Star (17 September 1858), 3

"THE DUCHESS OF KENT THEATRE", The Star (4 November 1858), 3

"THE DUCHESS OF KENT THEATRE", The Star (29 November 1858), 2

"MR. W. W. COXON", The North Eastern Ensign (21 August 1925), 3

The death occurred on Tuesday of Mr William Wilson Coxon, 83 years of age, one of the oldest journalists in the State. Mr Coxon was for 65 years on the Ballarat Star, which closed in September, 1924.

COY, Leandro

Tenor vocalist, teacher of singing

Arrived (1) Melbourne, early 1871; departed October 1875
Arrived (2) Melbourne, by February 1880
Died Surrey Hills, VIC, 23 October 1911, aged 72


Mezzo-soprano vocalist

Born Pesaro, Italy, 1844
Died Surrey Hills, VIC, 17 April 1919

COY, Alice

Soprano vocalist

Born Adelaide, 6 March 1872
Died Surrey Hills, VIC, 1930



"ROYAL ITALIAN OPERA COMPANY", Empire (24 January 1871), 2

"THE NEW ITALIAN OPERA COMPANY", The Argus (8 May 1871), 6

"BIRTH", South Australian Register (8 March 1872), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 October 1875), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 February 1880), 8

"MELBOURNE POPULAR CONCERTS", The Argus (12 November 1891), 7

"DEATH OF SIGNOR COY", The Argus (24 October 1911), 7

The many friends of Signor Leandro Coy will regret to hear of his death, which occurred yesterday at his residence, "Pesaro", Surrey Hills. Signor Coy had been in indifferent health for about a year and a fortnight ago he was confined to his bed. Born in Tarragona, Spain, Signor Coy at an early age developed a beautiful tenor voice and was advised to study under Signor Romani, a famous maestro in Florence. He made his debut in Fabriano (Italy) during the carnival of 1863 in "Un Ballo in Maschera" and achieved a great success. He was engaged for the season at Pisa and subsequently he appeared at Prato and at Florence at the Pergola, with the celebrated sisters Marchisio in the opera "Semiramide". His future was secured from this moment. After his appearance in Florence he sang in Rome at the Teatro Valle in "Il Barbiere di Siviglia" with Signora Bacigaluppi. Thence it was a triumphant march through Italy; thence to Bucharest and Agram; and thence to Barcelona at the Liceo, where he sang five operas: "Gazza Ladra", "Martha", "Sonnambula", "La Figlia del Reggimento" and "Barbiere". On the occasion of the visit of the late Queen of Spain, Isabella II, to San Sebastiano, special performances of the "Sonnambula" were given in her honour, and Signor Coy was engaged for this occasion. There he sang with the famous prima donna Signorina Giulia Tamburini, a niece of the celebrated baritone Tamburini, for whom Rossini composed his operas. The event was an immense success. The tenor and prima donna fell in love and were married in Tarragona, Signor Coy's native city, shortly afterwards. From this they were always engaged together. South America, Central and South, Sweden, Russia, Norway, Italy, India, Switzerland, and Australasia were visited. Signor Coy's repertoire comprised 50 operas. About the time that Mr. Lyster went to Europe to secure new pincipals for opera in Australia, a surprise visit was paid by an Italian firm of impresarios. This was in May 1871. Signori Cagli and Pompei arrived, unheralded, from India and Signor and Signora Coy were among the company. Signor Coy, who was 72 years of age, leaves a widow, a daughter and two sons. He was teaching here for some years and he never refused to sing for any charity. In fact, on one occasion a benefit was given him, and he gave all the proceeds to the hospital. He was away from Melbourne for some years, but he returned in the eighties.

"DEATH OF SIGNORA COY", The Argus (19 April 1919), 14

"FORMER ITALIAN OPERA COMPANY RECALLED", The Register (19 April 1919), 8

[Advertisement: probate], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1930), 9

Bibliography and resources:

Leandro Coy's copy of Giorza's Messe Solennelle No.3 (with Coy's then address: 19 Erin Street, Richmond)

Gyger 1999, 161, &

CRABBE (? Mr. W.)


Active Adelaide 1850


The sole mention of a work attributed to "Crabbe" is the March Adelaide, played by the full band as the opening number of Andrew Moore's LAST PROMENADE CONCERT, at the Exhange Rooms, Adelaide, on 26 November 1850. He may be the W. Crabbe later associated with "the band connected with the North Adelaide Band of Hope". A report of August Huenerbein's March Adelaide alsalso dates from 1850.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (26 November 1850), 2

"TEMPERANCE", South Australian Register (15 August 1856), 2

On Monday evening, the monthly meeting as Morcom's Temperance Hotel was presided over by Mr. W. Crabbe, and the band connected with the North Adelaide Band of Hope being present ... The band, during the meeting, played several airs in a very creditable manner, and drew forth the repeated applause of the meeting. Addresses were delivered by Messrs. Alcock, Hart, Peising, and Mason. A vote of thanks was unanimously passed to Mr. Peising, who was highly complimented for the attention paid by him to the Band of Hope, and the progress the band had made in to short a time under his superintendence. The meeting concluded by the band playing God Save the Queen.

CRACROFT, Sophia ("Sophy")

Amateur pianist

Born 1816
Arrived Hobart, 6 January 1837 (per Fairlie)
Departed for England, August 1843
Died 20 June 1892


Sophy Cracroft arrived in Tasmania with her uncle, John Franklin, the new governor, in 1837. She left Tasmania with the Franklins in 1843, and after John's death in 1847, she remained constant companion of Jane Franklin. William Henty (1808-1881), fellow passenger on the voyage out to Tasmania on the Fairlie, left a diary of the voyage in which he recorded: "Tonight the party mustered pretty strong. Sir John's piano is brought from below, up on deck, and Miss Kracroft who plays beautifully, is chief musician. They marshal about 7 or 8 couples in country dances, Gaieties & Gravities etc. but Quadrilles are the chief, a Waltz now and then."

Bibliography and resources:

John Clay, Maconochie's experiment (London: John Murray, 2001), 54; from Report on the historical manuscripts of Tasmania 1-5 (revised ed., 1965), 40

CRAMER, Madame (possibly Margeritta HAIMBERGER, late KRAMER)


Active Sydney, 1856


At Veit Rahm's farewell benefit in Sydney on 29 May 1856, Madame Cramer sang Crouch's Kathleen Mavourneen and, with John Howson, Glover's duet What are the wild waves saying? Billed as "Madame CRAMER, of the Princess' Concert Room, London", she gave her own concert on 30 June, assisted by Flora Harris, Charles Packer and the Band of the 11th Regiment. She reportedly appeared in a minor role at Andrew Torning's newly renamed English Opera House (Prince of Wales Theatre), on 7 July, in La Sonnambula, under the direction of Linley Norman. She is quite possibly connected with the three musicians below, who first appear at exactly the same time in Sydney. This perhaps strengthens the identification with Madame Haimberger (late Madame Kramer), who had previously appeared with Rahm, and who plausibly travelled from Ballarat, where she and her husband were then living, to meet three newly arrived relatives (brothers perhaps?).


[Advertisement], Empire (29 May 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 May 1856), 1

"HERR VEIT RAHM'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 may 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1856), 1

"MADAME CRAMER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 July 1856), 5

"ENGLISH OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1856), 2

CRAMER, Ferdinand



Theatre orchestra musicians

Active Sydney, NSW, May-June 1856



Active Brisbane, by 1863

CRAMER, Herr (?Ferdinand)


Active Brisbane, 1867


The first three appear in a list of personnel, including actors, singers and several known orchestra members, working at the Victoria Theatre in May 1856. Given that they are evidently of European or German extraction, it seems most likely that they too were orchestral players. They are first documented coincidentally with the appearance in Sydney of the vocalist Madame Cramer, possibly (but by no means certainly) Margeritta Heimberger (late Madame Kramer). According to Austin (1962), the Cramer brothers has been brought to Australia by G. V. Brooke, and 2 Cramers and 2 brothers Seal then came to Brisbane in 1857. A Ferdinand Cramer was leader of the Volunteer Band at Ipswich in 1873. As reported in 1902, a Ferdinand Cramer, painter, of Brisbane, had died on 21 April 1881, leaving his estate to his widow Margaret.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 May 1856), 1

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 March 1857), 8

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1858), 16

[Advertisement], The Courier (30 October 1863), 4

[Advertisement], The Courier (28 March 1864), 3

"BRISBANE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Queenslander (25 May 1867), 7

"IPSWICH", The Queenslander (8 February 1873), 10

"IPSWICH", The Queenslander (10 November 1877), 29

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (15 December 1902), 12

Bibliography and resources:

C. G. Austin, "Early history of music in Queensland", Journal of the Royal Historical Society of Queensland 6/4 (1962), 1052-1067


Professor of Music, organist, music master, music retailer, convict

Born England, 1803
Arrived VDL (TAS), 19 August 1839 (convict per Egyptian, from London, 9 April 1839)
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 7 July 1849 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


At London's Central Criminal Court on 26 November 1838, Cramp, aged 35, pleaded guilty to several counts of major embezzlement and was sentenced to transportation for 14 years. In December 1842, John Howson was rumoured to have objected to being musically associated with a Mr Cramp, who was playing the seraphine at St, George's Battery Point (perhaps in succession to Maria Logan, who had left for Sydney that year), maybe because he was a prisoner, though this report was later questioned. A character reference from the rector and wardens of the church recommended him for a remission of sentence. He received a ticket-of-leave in January 1844, and in December a pardon conditional on him not returning to Europe or to any of the British colonies in America. In the mean time he established a music business, advertising in September 1844 that he had engaged "a first-rate PIANOFORTE MAKER from London", and in later advertisements that he had new music and instruments for sale. In February 1845, Cramp ("Professor of Music, and Organist of St. George's Church, Hobart Town") was presenting a concert in Campbell-Town accompanying the Gautrots, husband and wife, at the pianoforte. He was insolvent in September 1847, and died in July 1849. His adult son Richard was also in the colony; an accountant and collector, "R. J. CRAMP" was advertising as "just published" the "Punch and Judy's Quadrilles, with the famous Valse-de Judy", in December 1843.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Colonial Times (20 August 1839), 4

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (27 July 1841), 2

[News], Colonial Times (6 December 1842), 2

"FALSE REPORTS", Colonial Times (13 December 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (29 December 1843), 1

[Government notices], The Cornwall Chronicle (6 January 1844), 4

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (17 September 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (15 February 1845), 3

[Government notices], The Cornwall Chronicle (6 December 1845), 402

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 December 1845), 2

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (15 February 1845), 3

"INSOLVENT CASES", The Courier (8 September 1847), 2

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (18 September 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (22 September 1847), 3 [Advertisement], The Courier (16 September 1848), 2

Deaths in the district of Hobart; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1188264; RGD35/1/2 no 2479

"DIED", Colonial Times (10 July 1849), 2

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (11 July 1849), 6

Bibliography and resources:

CRANZ, August Friedrich (Augustus; Alexis Fedor)

Choral conductor, composer, music teacher, music retailer

Born Germany, 1816/17
Arrived South Australia, 9 December 1849 (per Pauline from Bremen)
Died Avoca, VIC, 11 February 1883, "aged 66"

CRANZ, Mathilde (Christiana Mathilde HOGREFE; Madame CRANZ)

Pianist, vocalist, teacher

Arrived South Australia, 9 December 1849 (per Pauline from Bremen)
Departed Adelaide, ? by August 1862 (for Germany)

CRANZ, August Georg

Amateur musician, violinist, pianist, music teacher

Born Germany, 1843/44
Died Gawler, SA, 7 March 1882, aged 38

CRANZ, Jane (Jeannie; SIMPSON; later Mrs. LEHEHAN)


Married August Georg Cranz
Died Christchurch, NZ, 1 March 1885


For two years after their arrival in Adelaide in December 1849, August Friedrich and Mathilde figured prominently in the concert life of Adelaide, Herr Cranz as conductor of a "German Song Society" (Liedertafel), teacher, music seller, and composer, and Madame Cranz as a pianist and vocalist. One musical work by him is also recorded, The Barnett Galop ("composed and played by Herr Cranz"), but lost. According to evidence later tendered by Mathilde (1861), on 12 March 1852 August deserted his wife and children. He moved to Victoria, and had resettled at Avoca by 1864 where he continued practice as a professor of music. A complimentary concert was given to him there in 1882, ("Complimentary concert to Professor Cranz", Avoca Free Press (13 May 1882), and after his death a memorial concert was given (March 1884) and by June 1884 £25 had been raised for a memorial stone on his grave; the inscription on which reads: "In memory of Alexis Fedor Cranz who departed this life 11th February, 1883, aged 66 years. A tribute of respect and love from the people of Avoca."

Mathilde Cranz and her children were reportedly in straightened circumstances in 1855 when Carl Linger organised a concert in her benefit with the assistance of Maria Carandini and Emile Coulon. She continued to perform in public and teach into the 1860s. Carl Linger's wife, Wilhelmine, died on 7 April 1860, and on 6 May 1861 a child, Carl Otto August, was born and registered as offspring of Linger and Mathilde (SA Births 1842-1906 b. 20 p.101). There is no record of a legal marriage between them, nor evidence that they intended to give the impression of one, indeed Mathilde's petition for a legal separation from Cranz was not filed until 7 January 1861, four months before the child Otto's birth, and separation finally decreed three week's after. Mathilde was sole beneficiary of Linger's will, made on 13 October 1860.

Linger having died in February 1862, Mathilde returned to Germany before August 1862, taking with her their son Otto, her daughter (by Cranz), and Linger's daughter (by Wilhemene) Marie Louise Feodora. Mathilda's only other surviving child, her son August George Cranz stayed on in Adelaide. He and his wife Jane were active as amateur pianists and vocalists in Gawler in the 1870s and early 1880s, especially noted for the juvenile company they trained for productions of HMS Pinafore.


? "ADELAIDE SHIPPING: ARRIVED", South Australian Register (30 September 1846), 4

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (12 December 1849), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian (18 January 1850), 3

"On Tuesday last, Mr. Wallace gave what he described as a concert ...", South Australian Register (27 June 1850), 3

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (6 March 1850), 3

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (12 April 1850), 3

"CONCERT BY MADAME MATHILDE CRANZ", South Australian Register (12 June 1851), 2

"MADAME CRANZ'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (15 April 1853), 2

"SOUTH AUSTRALIA", The Argus (20 August 1855), 6

"SOUTH AUSTRALIA. MADAME CRANZ'S CONCERT", The Argus (13 September 1855), 4

"THE HANDEL COMMEMORATION FESTIVAL", The South Australian Advertiser (18 April 1859), 7

Petition, Mathilde Cranz (7 January 1861); Public Record Office, SA, GRG 36/51; transcr. Jan McInerney)

The seventh day of January One thousand eight hundred and Sixty-one. The Petition of Mathilde Christiane Cranz of Adelaide in the province of South Australia, Sheweth, That your Petitioner was on the twenty-fifth day of November One thousand eight hundred and forty two lawfully married to August Frederick Cranz at the Free Hanseatic City of Hamburg. That after her said marriage the said August Frederick Cranz lived and cohabited with your Petitioner at the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen and at Adelaide in the said province and that your Petitioner and her said husband have had ... of the said marriage four children to wit one boy and three girls of whom one son and one daughter are still living. That your Petitioner's said husband deserted her without cause on the twelfth day of March 1 thousand eight hundred and fifty-two and is now in the Colony of Victoria and that your Petitioner's said husband has not since lived with her or afforded her any means of support. That your Petitioner said Husband became a naturalised British subject in the said province on the second day of August one thousand eight hundred and fifty two. Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays that your Honor will decree a judicial separation between your Petitioner and her said husband and that Your Petitioner may have such further and other relief in the premises as to your Honors may seem meet. And Your Petitioner will ever pray to. Mathilde Christiane Cranz.

"MATRIMONIAL CAUSE", South Australian Register (19 March 1861), 3

"SUPREME COURT-IN BANCO FRIDAY, MAY 31. MATRIMONIAL", The South Australian Advertiser (1 June 1861), 2

"PROBATES AND ADMINISTRATION", South Australian Register (23 April 1862), 3

"MARRIAGE", South Australian Register (12 February 1868), 2

"PRESENTATION TO MR. A. G. CRANZ", South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (19 February 1881), 8

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (8 March 1882), 4

"DEATH", Bunyip (10 March 1882), 2

"OBITUARY. DEATH OF MR. A. G. CRANZ", South Australian Register (18 March 1882), 2s

"IN MEMORIAM. E. V. O. MUEKE AND A. G. CRANZ", Bunyip (24 March 1882), 4

[Obituary], Pyrenees District Advertiser (13 February 1883) (transcr. Jan McInerney)

The many friends and acquaintances of Herr Cranz will very much regret to hear of his decease, which took place at the Maryborough Hospital yesterday morning at half-past one. The deceased had for some time past been in indifferent health, but nothing of a serious nature was entertained until about a fortnight ago, when a few gentlemen from Avoca had him removed to Maryborough in consequence of the fatal symptoms which were presented. Ever since his admittance into the institution the case was considered by the medical attendants as hopeless, despite the fact that the invalid on two or three occasions rallied, and showed signs of a recovery. The cause of death was we believe, general debility, consequent upon old age. Herr Cranz or 'Professor' Cranz, as he was called, was one of the oldest residents of the township, having resided in Avoca for considerably over twenty years, and he was much respected and esteemed by all who were acquainted with him. For many years past the deceased earned a livelihood by teaching the pianoforte. He will be greatly missed by all sections of the community, as he was always ready and willing to five his services to any good cause, especially where music was to be provided. He presided at the organ of the local Presbyterian Church for a number of years. As soon as the news of his death became known in Avoca, the different shopkeepers put up two or three shutters out of respect. The funeral will take place this afternoon, and will leave the Avoca Hotel at four o'clock.

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (30 May 1884), 4

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (18 April 1885), 4

"OLD-TIME MEMORIES. AMUSEMENTS. No. 1", South Australian Register (24 July 1891), 6

"A LIFETIME IN MUSIC ... MR. CAWTHORNE'S INTERESTING CAREER", The Advertiser (17 November 1916), 9

"UNVEILING A PORTRAIT", Bunyip (29 April 1927), 9


Meike Tiemeyer-Schütte, Das Deutsche Sängerwesen in Südaustralien vor Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkrieges zwischen Bewahrung von Deutschtum und Anglikanisierung (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2000), 26ff

Many thanks: To August and Matilde Cranz's great-great grand-daughter Jan McInerney of Adelaide for sharing her findings and transcriptions of documents added to this entry May 2013.

CRAVEN, Thomas Wilson (senior)

Choral conductor, pianist, organist, double-bass player

Born Manchester, England, 1841
Active Sydney, by 1865
Died Rose Bay, NSW, 15 June 1913, in his 72nd year

CRAVEN, Thomas Wilson (junior)


Born Newtown, NSW, 1870
Died Manly, NSW, 26 June 1947, aged 77


[Advertisement], Empire (18 November 1895), 1

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1865), 7

"THE LATE MR. T. W. CRAVEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1913), 12

Mr. T. W. Craven, sen., a widely-known and highly respected business man engaged in the produce trade of Sussex-street for nearly 50 years, died at his Rose Bay residence on Sunday morning last in his 72nd year. Deceased, who was born at Levenshume, near Manchester, England, came out to Australia as a young man, and in 1864 entered the employment of S. Priestly and Co., Sussex-street. In 1869 he started business for himself, and founded the present firm, which has borne his name ever since. The late Mr. Craven's chief interests lay in philanthropic and leading religious societies ... He was at the same time an enthusiastic musician, and was a performing and committee member of the Sydney Philharmonic and Amateur Orchestral societies, for both of which he played on the contra bass. In 1879, he gave weekly recitals on the Garden Palace organ, and also played on that instrument at the Raikes Sunday-school Centenary before 20,000 people ...

"ADVANCE AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 September 1935), 4

Miss Lucy W. Craven writes to the Editor ... to the effect that ["Advance, Australia Fair"] was sung by Mr. Andrew Fairfax at a Highland concert on November 30, 1878. The words and the air were written and composed by Mr. McCormick, who, however, asked Mr. T. W. Craven, then a well-known Sydney musician, and Miss Craven's father, to harmonise the song for him.

"DEATH OF MR. T. W. CRAVEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1947), 5


Peter Dodds McCormick

CRESSWELL, Mr. (? Benjamin Humphrey)

Bass vocalist, bandmaster, schoolmaster

Born 1800
Died Hobart, 26 March 1852


"THE INDEPENDENT ORDER OF RECHABITES", Colonial Times (25 November 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (18 March 1845), 3

"THE ORATORIO", The Observer (27 January 1846), 3

"A BAD COACH ACCIDENT". Colonial Times (26 March 1852), 2

"SUPREME COURT", The Courier (5 June 1852), 3


Bibliography and resources:

CRIPPS, Alfred John

Journalist, theatre and music historian

Born ? England, c.1846
Died Mosman, 13 August 1920, in his 75th year

NLA persistent identifier


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 August 1920), 8

Bibliography and resources:

[Humphrey Hall and Alfred John Cripps], The romance of the Sydney stage by Osric (Sydney: Currency Press in association with National Library of Australia, 1996)

CRISP, Master

Treble (boy soprano) vocalist

Active Hobart, 1846


"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (5 December 1846), 2

CRISP, James Chester

Secretary (Australian Harmonic Club)

Active Sydney, 1842
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 23 March 1859, aged 44


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (25 February 1842), 1 [Advertisement], The Australian (22 March 1842), 3

"MARRIED", The Australian (28 May 1842), 3

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1859), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1859), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1859), 8

CROFT, John Christopher

See main page John Christopher Croft


Teacher of music, dancing master

Born London, c.1801
Died Melbourne, VIC, 25 February 1877, aged 75 years


There were two men of this name in Prahran, senior and junior. The junior Crook married in Prahran in 1853, and was much engaged in municipal affairs; the senior, the dancing master, "Joseph Thomas Crook, a native of London, aged 75 years, died on the 25th ult. [February 1877] of paralysis".

1861: Joseph Thomas Crook, of Prahran, dancing master. Causes of insolvency - Sale of his property by the mortgagee at a price considerably below its value, depression in business. Debts, £506 0s. 8d.; assets, £40; deficiency, £466 0s. 6d. Mr. Jacomb, official assignee.

1866: An amusing treat was given to the inmates of the Benevolent Asylum, on Thursday evening last, by Mr. J. T. Crook, of Prahran, in the shape of illustrations, comic, historic, and characteristic, from the magic lantern, accompanied at intervals by songs suited to the scene on the canvas.

1874: A letter from Joseph Thomas Crooke stated that the writer had been rendered totally blind through the action of a nurse named Thompson who had ill-used him.

1906: Coming back to Chapel Street, just beside where the malt house now stands, Joseph Thomas Crook, Snr. had his dancing rooms. Although a man most remarkably bow-legged, he was an excellent teacher, and as light a dancer as a girl of sixteen.


"MARRIED", The Argus (5 September 1853), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 October 1853), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 May 1855), 3

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (26 February 1861), 6

"INSOLVENT CERTIFICATES", The Argus (12 July 1861), 6

LAW REPORT", The Argus (8 August 1865), 6

[News], The Argus (3 March 1866), 5

"PRAHRAN COUNCIL", The Telegraph (25 February 1871), 3

[News], The Argus (28 May 1874), 4

[News], The Argus (2 March 1877), 4

"Prahran in the Early Days (No. 4) by Squint", (1906)


Contralto vocalist

Born Tarraville, VIC, 3 March 1871
Died Great Missenden, England, 17 October 1829 (NLA persistent identifier)



[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1888), 12

"MR. SIMONSEN'S BENEFIT CONCERT", The Argus (8 April 1889), 5

"Loyal Death" (Stainer) was sung by Mr. A. H. Gee with good voice, but indistinct delivery of the words. In this respect Miss Ada Crossley offered a pleasing contrast by her clear and simple rendering of Sainton Dolby's "Out on the Rocks". Miss Crossley possesses a contralto voice of good quality and moderate power, with distinct articulation.

"MISS ADA CROSSLEY'S FAREWELL", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 March 1894), 6


In the early nineties it was recognised in Melbourne that a young singer from Gippsland, Ada Crossley, had a contralto voice of exceptional quality. Miss Crossley, who was born at Tarraville, South Gippsland, was the daughter of Mr E. Wallis Crossley, and her mother was a member of a branch of the family which in an earlier generation had included the poet Cowper. High appreciation of Miss Crossley's voice shown at district concerts caused her to visit Melbourne.  Mr. F. H. Cowen ... heard her sing and gave her advice upon study. Miss Crossley studied singing in Melbourne with Madame Fanny Simonsen ... Her first public appearance was with the Philharmonic Society in 1892, and in 1893 she sang frequently. Her name was found on many other programmes of the series of concerts given in the Exhibition Building by Mr. W. J. Turner and she took part in other concerts and in oratorio. Her rich and expressive voice made her one of the most highly esteemed of the singers in Australia at that time. In 1894 Ada Crossley went to Eurone, and studied under Madame Mathilde Marchesi. For oratorio she received training from Sir Charles Santley. Her London debut was made at the Queens Hall in 1895, and for many years she had a leading place at musical festivals and at concerts. Before Queen Victoria she sang at five command performances in two years. She had successes m the United States and in South Africa and on her return to Australia for a tour about 1903-4 she achieved a series of triumphs. She became the wife of Dr. Francis F. Muecke, of Adelaide, and they lived in London. Madame Crossley retired from the platform some years ago, but she sang often for charity.

"MADAME ADA CROSSLEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 October 1929), 12

Bibliography and resources:

Margery Missen, "Crossley, Ada Jemima (1871-1929)", Australian dictionary of biography 8 (1981)

Betty T. O'Brien, Australian contralto Ada Crossley (1871-1929): a critical biography (Ph.D thesis, University of Melbourne, 2010)


Pupil of Fannie Simonsen

CROWE, Thomas

Violinist, quadrille band leader

Active Sydney, by (? 1852) 1857
Died Adelong, NSW, January 1887


In March 1852, a Mr. Crow was leading the orchestra at the Olympic Circus in Sydney. In Sydney in March 1857, Thomas Crowe advertised was currently working in Sandhurst, VIC, until 3 April 1857, but would be back in Sydney from "about the 10th" and "most happy to attend quadrille parties as usual". In July 1859, he again returned to Sydney from a stint leading the band of the royal mail steamer Salsette, one of a long list of past engagements "violinist to Madame Farrelly's, F. Clark's Quadrille Assembly, the United, the Rose, Australian, Criterion, Star Clubs, &c, &c". In October 1859, in addition to as usual offering to play at quadrille parties, he offered to teach violin "according to the Italian system". Again in May 1861, he advertised: "In May 1861: "Messrs. CROWE and HUGHES, bona-fide musicians, have arrived from the Southern Gold-fields, and are open to engagement. 383, Pitt-street".


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 March 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 March 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (8 April 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 December 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 July 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 October 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1859), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 May 1861), 1

"ADELONG NEWS", The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (18 January 1887), 2

Death has been very busy in our small community during the past week, no fewer than seven deaths having occur[r]ed, six of which were those of young children ... The only death amongst adults was that of our old townsman Mr. Thomas Crowe, who had been in the employ of Mr. John Hodgson, of the Commercial Hotel, for many years. "Old Crowe," as he was familiarly called, has been a well known identity for the past quarter of a century, and being possessed of first class musical abilities he and his violin were always in request when a dance was on. He was only ill for a short time, during which he received the kindest attention from Mr. Hodgson and his wife, who did all in their power to make the last days of the old fellow as comfortable as possible.

2014 (October): My thanks for Robert Cooke for alerting me to the Adelong obituary.

CULLIS, William


Active Clunes, VIC, 1864-67


"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (3 July 1865), 2

The members of Cullis' Recreation Band, Clunes, on Friday evening presented M. Cullis with a hand- some silver goblet, bearing the following inscription: - "Presented to E. W. Cullis, Esq., by the members of the Recreation Band, as a memento of personal respect and estimation of his perseverance and unassuming disposition. 30th June, 1865."

"BOXING DAY CELEBRATIONS", The Ballarat Star (28 December 1865), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Claire Hinton, "Clunes's first band", Ancestor: quarterly journal of the Genealogical Society of Victoria (Autumn 1991), 2-4


Organist, convict

Active ? Launceston, before 1847


A John Cunliffe, a carpenter, was instrumental in the capture of the bushranger Martin Cash in Hobart in 1843. Elsewhere I recall (but cannot now, Jan 2014, find) a reference to the organist of St. John's Church, Launceston, being a convict.


"GENERAL GAOL DELIVERY", The Courier (8 September 1843), 2

[Tickets-of-leave], Colonial Times (6 February 1844), 4

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (16 October 1847), 3

IF MR. JOHN RAY CUNLIFFE, who arrived in this Colony per "Medina," and once organist of St. John's Church, will send his address to the "Cornwall Chronicle" office, he will hear something to his advantage.


Bandsman (Band of the 11th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853-55


"STEALING", Empire (20 September 1853), 2

Henry Cunningham, one of the Band of the 11th Regiment, was charged with knocking down and robbing C. G. Clark, cabinet-maker, of Clyde-street, Miller's Point, of a gold watch and £2.1s.6d. in money ... [Clark] gave information to the police in Cumberland-street, and went up to the Barracks and reported the matter to the sergeant on duty. The Band was mustered, and the prisoner was identified by the prosecutor ...

"HIGHWAY ROBBERY", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1853), 3

"SYDNEY QUARTER SESSIONS", Empire (30 September 1853), 2

"THURSDAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 October 1853), 7

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", Empire (12 December 1855), 2

Henry Cunningham, a soldier, apprehended as a deserter, was remanded to be dealt with by the military authorities.


Band of the 11th Regiment


Music and general printer and lithographer, newspaper proprietor

Born Castleblayney, Monaghan, Ireland, 1814
Arrived Sydney, NSW, ? 1839
Died Glebe, NSW, 15 May 1884, aged 70 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

CUNYNGHAME, Henry (Mr.; Monsieur Henri CUNYNGHAME)

Professor of Music (Lessons given on the Violin), Professor of Foreign Languages

Active Melbourne, NSW, 1864-65; 1873


Amateur vocalist, Teacher of foreign languages

Active Melbourne, 1866-67


[Advertisement], The Argus (16 March 1864), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 May 1864), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 January 1865), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 July 1866), 8

[News], The Argus (20 April July 1867), 5

[News], The Argus (11 July 1867), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 July 1873), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 March 1870), 1

CURTIS FAMILY (descendents of Harry Parsons)


CURTIS, Teresa (Mrs. MEILLON; Madame BOESEN)

CURTIS, Ambrose

CURTIS, Henry (John Henry Benedict CURTIS; Revd. Henry Anselm CURTIS)

CURTIS, Peter Campbell

CURTIS, Charles

Go to main page Harry Parsons and his Curtis family descendents 

CURTIS, Alfred Perkins

Organist, choirmaster, composer

Born England, 1829/30
Arrived Perth/Fremantle, WA, September 1852 (per Eglinton from London)
Died Perth, WA, 25 February 1902, aged 72 years (NLA persistent identifier)


Alfred Curtis arrived from England in dramatic circumstances, on the Eglinton in 1852; the ship was wrecked some 28 miles north of Perth, but he and most the passengers survived.

Over Christmas and New Year 1857, at St. George's Episcopalian Church in Perth, the Gazette reported that

the Venite and Gloria and chaunts sung the last two or three Sundays ... are the composition of the organist, Mr. Curtis.

There again, on Easter Sunday 1857, the music was to include:

a new Te Deum by Mr. Curtis, the Organist, which is highly spoken of.

Curtis's obituary in 1902 also recalled his activities as an arranger:

In those days it was not so easy as it is now to obtain the full orchestral scores of all the pieces played, and frequently Mr. Curtis himself supplied what was wanting.

Curtis was also later an amateur member of Walter Howson's "Minstrels of the West", formed in the late 1860s, a group that:

contributed so largely to the musical tastes of the community.


"WRECK OF THE EGLINTON", The Perth Gazette (10 September 1852), 3

"Domestic Sayings and Doings", The Perth Gazette (9 January 1857), 2

"Domestic Sayings and Doings", The Perth Gazette (10 April 1857), 2

"DEATH OF MR. A. P. CURTIS", The West Australian (27 February 1902), 3

"DEATHS", The West Australian (1 March 1902), 6

Bibliography and resources:

DAAO (Design & Art Australia Online), Alfred Perkins Curtis

According to DAAO, Curtis was brother-in-law of Samuel Scriven Evans, and like Evans Curtis also worked as a professional photographer.


Violinist ("The Australian Paganini"), composer

Active Melbourne, by 1865
Died Brighton, VIC, 27 March 1940, aged 88


According to Arundel Orchard (Music in Australia, 49), Curtis was born in London and arrived in Melbourne in 1856. A pupil of Gover, Curtis was advertised to be 11 years old on his first Melbourne public appearance, and later went to London where he studied with John Carrodus (1836-1895) and played in theatre orchestras.


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 November 1865), 8

[News], The Argus (4 December 1865), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1865), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 April 1876), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 June 1876), 8

"Mr. J. Glanville Bishop, Notes on his Career, An Interview", The Mercury (14 September 1927), 11

"AN OLD WOMAN FROM AUSTRALIA IS PROMINENT NAZI", The Australian Women's Weekly (2 September 1933), 2

"VIVID ACCOUNT BY MRS. NEVETT", Barrier Miner (3 January 1938), 4

... During the time I was in Melbourne it was my great privilege to be received by my old revered master, Mr. Henry Curtis, and to be initiated anew in the secrets of violin playing. I owe a debt of gratitude to Mrs. Woodward and Mr. Curtis. The former for preparing me by practising with me on Monday afternoons between 2.30 and 5.30 during my last year in Broken Hill, to receive these lessons from Melbourne's greatest teacher of the violin. Never can I forget his interpretation of excerpts from Bach's Chaconne as he played them from memory, making his violin sound like an orchestra of violins by the perfection of his double-stopping. When I tell you Mr. Curtis is over 80 years of age I feel you will agree with me that the age of miracles is not past. In fact I am not too sure that you do not owe this letter to his inspiration.

"DEATHS", The Argus (28 March 1940), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (29 March 1940), 10

CURTIS, Richard

Choral conductor, violoncellist, music seller

CURTIS, Mrs. (? Emma)

Harpist, pianist, teacher of music

Arrived Sydney (via Hobart), 10 March 1839 (per Statesman, from Liverpool, 22 September 1838)
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), from 1841-1849


Richard Curtis brought with him a first shipment of imported musical instruments to stock the musical repository he opened in Hunter-street on arrival in March 1839, when Mrs. Curtis also advertised as a teacher of harp and pianoforte. In October 1839, Curtis was organising subscriptions for the Cecilian Society. During 1839-40, Mrs. Curtis appeared as a harp soloist in concerts presented by the Cecilian Society and James Reid, and played duets with violinists Joseph Gautrot and George Peck. Richard Curtis also appeared on several Sydney concert bills during 1840, including one specifying his instrument violoncello.

His last Sydney concert appearance was in March 1841, and by October he was in Hobart, where he appeared playing a trio with William Russell and Edmund Leffler. Both Richard and his wife appeared for Anne Clarke in concerts early in 1842 at which the Howsons made their debut, and later with Gautrot, Duly, and Reichenberg.

After Anne Clarke's Oratorio in March 1842, Curtis was probably one of the "several gentlemen" who proposed the formation of a Hobart Town Choral Society. He was certainly conducting the society by June 1843. In 1846, he took out a publican's license for a new house, the Cumberland Arms, which reportedly:

contained a very large and commodious room, which was available to the purposes of the Choral Society, of which Mr. Curtis was a zealous and most active member; it was also well adapted for a Family Hotel, which the learned gentleman thought was much required in that locality.

Husband and wife last appeared as instrumentalists in concerts in Hobart in April 1848 and April 1849. The Hobart Town Choral Society was wound up, at the request of its remaining members, in March 1850 and its organ and music collection sold off in May 1850 April 1851 respectively. In 1856 Richard, "late publican", applied for a position with Hobart Municipality.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 March 1839), 2

"IMPORTS", The Colonist (20 March 1839), 4

"NEW MUSICAL REPOSITORY", The Colonist (30 March 1839), 3

[Advertisement], The Colonist (26 October 1839), 1

[Advertisement], The Australian (26 March 1839), 3

[News], The Australian (1 October 1839), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (25 March 1840), 2

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (29 July 1840), 3 

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (29 October 1840), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (23 March 1841), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (1 October 1841), 3


[Advertisement], The Courier (16 June 1843), 1

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (18 October 1845), 2

"TRANSFER OF LICENSES", Colonial Times (3 November 1846), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (23 March 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (16 October 1850), 4

"MUNICIPAL COUNCIL", Colonial Times (13 November 1856), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Hallo 2014, 66, 73, 91-94, 206 (DIGITISED)


German flute player

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1835


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (5 November 1830), 2

? [News], Colonial Times (29 January 1833), 2

Messrs. Lawrence and Curzon fell in with the native tracks on Wednesday last, at the Western Lake. They distinctly heard the natives, and brought away with them a quantity of spears, which they found hid by the side of a tree where the blacks had just before been encamped.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (16 January 1835), 2

The concert at the British Hotel on Wednesday evening was most respectably attended, and the gentlemen amateurs deserve much praise for their exertions to gratify the company, Mrs. Davis presided at the piano-forte, and was very ably supported by Messrs. Munce, jun. (on the violin), Curzon (German flute), and Beckford (violincello). Ibid. [= Launceston Independent]


Banjo player (New York Serenaders)

Active Hobart, TAS, 1851


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1851), 133

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (5 July 1851), 3

"THE NEW YORK SERENADERS", The Courier (15 November 1851), 3

CUTOLO, Cesare (Signor CUTOLO)

Pianist, composer, teacher

Born Italy, 1825/26
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 6 May 1858
Naturalised Sydney, NSW, 9 January 1864
Died 11 January 1867, aged 41 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Image: The Late Signor C. Cutolo


The Argus reported on Cesare Cutolo's arrival in Melbourne in May 1858

As the liberal and enlightened Government of Naples refused to grant a passport to Signor Cutolo to proceed either to France or England, this gentleman determined to try his fortunes in Australia.

By November, Cutolo had moved on to Adelaide. A pupil of Mercadante, and a virtuoso pianist, he gave local audiences a standard line-up of etudes (notably his own lost etude Source et torrent) and pre-worked fantasies on selected operatic airs, as previously in Melbourne, and as later in Sydney. But by mid-1859 he seems to have exhausted the limited performing outlets for his standard repertoire, first in Adelaide, then in the nearby towns.

Significantly, he then turned to patriotic composition, in what seems in retrospect to have been a mostly vain attempt to win favour with a broader, less sophisticated local audience. Late in 1859, Cutolo also entered a setting (now lost) of Caroline Carleton's The song of Australia in the Gawler Institute competition. Though it was the runner up (to Carl Linger's setting), when he tried to perform it at his own public concert in early November, the Gawler committee asserted their copyright, and forced him to withdraw it from the program.

Cutolo then tried his fortunes in Sydney, disembarking there on 2 February 1860. There, again able to address a larger audience for his serious concert music, he published toward the end of 1860 perhaps his most interesting and probably most characteristic surviving composition, the nocturne for piano inspired by a stop on his recent journey to the southern hemisphere, Remembrances of the pyramids.

Cutolo married Mary Rogers at St. James's, Sydney, on 24 March 1862, and was naturalised in 1864. Ernesto Spagnoletti dedicated his aptly named The Garibaldi polka to Cutolo, and W. J. Johnson his piano arrangement of Frederick Packer, senior's Nearer to thee.

Cutolo re-established himself in Melbourne in November 1864. Two further piano compositions were published in Sydney in April 1865 by Elvy and Co., L'alba, "descriptive of the dawn of a Summer morning on the waters of Port Jackson" and an elegy In memoriam Meyerbeer.

Cutolo was killed in an accident on board a ship returning from Sydney to Melbourne in 1867. His funeral was held at St. Peter's, Eastern Hill, Melbourne, and he is buried in the Melbourne General Cemetery. Cutolo's pupils, themselves now teachers and performers, kept his memory fresh in their advertisements and concert programs into the 1870s and 1880s.


"MUSIQUE INSTRUMENTALE", Courrier de la librairie: Journal de la propriétélittéraire et artistique pour la France et l'étranger 44 (1 November 1856), 712

"Source et torrent: etude de concert (Paris; Chez Huegel)

"SIGNOR CESARE CUTOLO", The Argus (6 May 1858), 4

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS", The Argus (15 May 1858), 6

"Signor Cutolo", South Australian Register (20 November 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (25 November 1858), 1

... For sale, at the above-mentioned booksellers, a few copies of Signor Cutolo's Etude de Concert Source et Torrent

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (1 November 1859), 1

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (8 November 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (7 November 1859), 1

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (9 November 1859), 3

"SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1860), 5

"COLONIAL MUSIC", The South Australian Advertiser (11 January 1860), 3

"ORIGINAL MUSIC", The South Australian Advertiser (22 October 1860), 2

[Advertisement]: "HAIL FAIR AUSTRALIA", The South Australian Advertiser (25 October 1860), 1

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1862), 7

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1864), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1865), 9

[News], The Argus (27 May 1865), 4

Two compositions for the pianoforte from the pen of Signor Cutolo have just been published. One of these, entitled L'Alba, is descriptive of the dawn of a Summer morning on the waters of Port Jackson, and is eminently poetical, both in conception and treatment. What may be termed the pictorial power of sound has been admirably exemplified by Handel, Haydn, and Beethoven; and following these illustrious models, Signor Cutolo has presented us with a graphic picture of the time and place described. The composition opens with the sound of the matin bell, while a preluding movement denotes the flushing of the eastern horizon, and the gradual expansion of the rosy light. The serenity and silence of that early hour are broken in upon by the song of some sailors weighing anchor; by the murmur of the waves upon the beach, and their dispersion into foam among the rocks ; and by the twittering of birds among the trees inland. As the sun flames up the sky, the sounds of animated nature increase in volume and variety, and after an allegro movement expressive of the general awakening to life, appropriate to this period of the day, the original theme is reverted to for a few bars, and characteristically closes the composition. The second piece of music is entitled In Memoriam, and is an elegiac tribute to the memory of Meyerbeer ....

"FATAL ACCIDENT TO SIGNOR CUTOLO", The Argus (14 January 1867), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (14 January 1867), 4

"THE LATE SIGNOR CUTOLO", The Argus (15 January 1867), 5

"DEATHS", The Cornwall Chronicle (26 January 1867), 4

On the 11th Inst, in the Alexandra, steamship, at sea, Cesare Salvatore Fortunato Cutolo, professor of the Royal College of Music, Naples, son of Rafaele Cutolo, solicitor of that city, and grandson of Duke di Mele, aged 41 years.

Cutolo memorial concert (printed program)

"OLD-TIME MEMORIES", South Australian Register (10 August 1891), 6

Musical works:

Song of the Volunteers (words: H. E. Smith) (Adelaide: printed for the S.A. Volunteers, [1860]) copy at SL-NSW NOT YET DIGITISED

God bless you, farewell (words: E. Reeve) (Sydney: Lewis Moss; Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie; Adelaide: Platts's, 1860)

Hail fair Australia (words: "Ellie") ("Dedicated to the public of South Australia") (Adelaide: Penman & Galbraith, 1860)

Remembrances of the pyramids (nocturne) (Sydney: Lewis Moss, J. R. Clarke; Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie; Adelaide: Platts's, 1860)

Come where my love lies dreaming ([by Stephen Foster], arranged for the pianoforte by Cutolo) (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1864])

March and chorus (for the opening of the First Intercolonial Exhibition) (Melbourne: Charles Troedel, 1866)

The Victorian Christmas waltz (? supplement to The Illustrated Australian News, December 1866)

CUTTER, Mrs. (? Cassie; Miss DYER)

Contralto vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 22 June 1869 (per Corea, from New York, 5 March)
Departed, after 1884


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (23 June 1869), 4

[News], The Argus (26 April 1870), 4


The entertainment consisted, as usual, of a mixed concert of vocal and instrumental music, amongst which we must select for special mention the performance of two solos by Mrs. Cutter, the artiste above alluded to, who is an American lady recently arrived from New York, and who possesses a contralto voice of great compass, the effect of which is enhanced by the perfect purity and extraordinary richness of tone which it embraces.

"CONCERT FOR THE BENEFIT OF MRS. CUTTER", The Argus (31 May 1870), 5

Songs associated with Mrs. Cutter:

George B. Allen, A wild night (poetry by Henry Kendall; music composed expressly for and sung by Mrs. Cutter) (Melbourne: Lee & Kaye, [18-?])

Paolo Giorza, I am alone ("To Mrs. Cutter") (Melbourne: Allan & Co. (Wilkies), [18--] )

Paolo Giorza, Forget me not ("song, the words by P.J. Holdsworth; sung by Mrs. Cutter") (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [18--] )

Albert Zelman, The legend of the crossbill ("the poetry by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow; To Mrs. Cutter") (London: Chappell & Co., [18-?] )

Leon Caron, Victoria (cantata) (performed for the first time at the inauguration of the Melbourne International Exhibition, 1st October 1880) (MS full score, photocopy at NLA; also vocal score printed edition

Victoria (canata))

Bibliography and resources:

Allister Hardiman

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2017