THIS PAGE LAST MODIFIED : Saturday 4 March 2017 11:57

A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–K

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–K", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 29 March 2017

- K -


Flute player (New Queen's Theatre), Master of the German Band

Active Adelaide, SA, 1848 (TROVE search)


[Advertisement], South Australian (18 February 1848), 2 

NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE ... The Orchestral Department will be considerably augmented, and consist of - Mr. Lee (leader), Mr. Richards (second violin), Mr. Thomson (violincello), Mr. Poltridge (cornet-a-piston), Mr Hewitt (trombone), Mr Swift (tenor), Mr Kaebet (master of the German Band, flute).

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (9 October 1848), 1 

NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE . . . A Choice Selection of the most admired pieces from the Operas of Cinderella, Bohemian Girl, Fairy Lake, Crusaders, La Somnambula, etc., etc . . . Instrumental Performers: Leader .. Mr. Lee, Mr. Richards (second violin), Mr. Thompson (violoncello), Mr. Kaebet (flute), Mr. Hewitt (trombone), Mr. Hertz (double bass), Mr. Hauffman (tenor) . . .


Pianist, composer (pupil of W. A. Laver)

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1873
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1890s
Died Killara, NSW, 12 August 1927 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Marriages", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1881), 1

"Mr. Laver's Concert", Table Talk (2 October 1891), 14 

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 May 1894), 8

"A New Waltz", Cobram Courier (16 July 1896), 7 

A new musical composition, entitled the "Zenda Waltz," by Miss Emilie Kaeppel, a gifted and accomplished young lady residing in St. Kilda, was played by Herr Schwartz's band at the Homeopathic Hospital ball held in the Melbourne Town Hall on June 24th. The waltz, which is published by Messrs Glen and Co., Melbourne and Sydney, is a sparkling yet simple piece of music, the time being well marked, while the composition throughout gives evidence of much ability an the part of the composer and excellent judgment so far as the public taste is concerned. The waltz includes five movements, each one having a charm peculiarly its own, and each being sufficiently faithful to the true waltz time to recommend the piece both for ball room and the musical circles. Critics in the city to whom the piece has been submitted pronounce it a very brilliant composition, indicating a knowledge of technique as well as the possession by Miss Kaeppel of good musical taste.

"Personal Gossip", Critic (8 January 1898), 9 (with photo portrait)

MISS EMILIE KAEPPEL, A Melbourne Musical Composer. Miss Emilie Kaeppel, of Melb., whose portrait is reproduced in this issue, is one of the few ladies living who can extract melody from that much-abused instrument, the piano. The popularization of the piano, and the comparative cheapness of modern instruction (of a kind !) are both factors which have done all they can to bring the fine old instrument into general disfavor; but, nevertheless, its manipulation by a skilful executant and natural musician has never lost its power to charm. It is sad that these instances should be rare - veritable oases in a desert of discordant chaos! Howbeit, Miss Kaeppel has established her right to be regarded as one of the few true pianoforte exponents in Melbourne; and the fact that she has already published several very acceptable waltzes - with more to follow - has added not inconsiderably to her reputation. Miss Kaeppel, who is 23 years of age, has, of course, been a musical student from early childhood.

"ENGAGEMENTS", Melbourne Punch (5 May 1898), 19 

AMONGST the most interesting and unique features of the Old Colonists' Carnival will be . . . many novel and attractive features in connection with the musical programme. A new march, entitled "Carnival March," has been specially composed for the occasion, and dedicated to the Old Colonists of Victoria by Miss Emilie Kaeppel, of St. Kilda. The composition is of a very characteristic and pleasing nature . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Australasian (24 February 1900), 55 

"Picture Exhibition on H.M.S. Renown", The Age (9 June 1920), 9 

"DEATHS", The Argus (17 September 1945), 2 


The carnival march composed by Emilie Kaeppel, dedicated to the Old Colonists of Victoria

In The Tatler [Melbourne] (21 May 1898), 25-30 (DIGITISED)


Not to be confused with her sister-in-law, Emilie Annette Edwards (Mrs. Carl Herbert Kaeppel), from whom she (Emily) may have appropriated the spelling for her own forename.

KAHN, Esther

Composer, violinist (pupil of Josef Kretschmann), music therapist

Born London, 17 February 1877
Arrived Australia, c.1884
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1890
Died ? Sydney, NSW, 1963 (NLA persistent identifier)"Esther+Kahn" (TROVE search)

KAHN, Heinrich A. (Harry)


Died May 1929


"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1890), 8

"New Music", Australian Town and Country Journal (19 May 1894), 9

"NEW AUSTRALIAN MUSIC", Freeman's Journal (26 May 1894), 16

"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (31 October 1911), 9

Musical works (pre-1901):

3 works in The Australian musical album 1894 No. 1

(Sydney: W. J. Banks, 1894)

Bereavement (composed by Esther Kahn; words ... by Henry Cargill), 22-24 

Birthday thoughts (composed by Esther Kahn), 32 

Improvista (composed by Esther Kahn), 39-40 

See also W. J. Banks, "Biographical notes": 

Esther Kahn was born in London on 17th February, 1877. When quite young she came to Australia with her parents, who settled in Sydney. Displaying great aptitude for music, her father entrusted her at the age of seven, to that very successful Master, Herr Joseph Kretschmann, under whose tuition she has made rapid progressive strides. She is now a brilliant Pianiste, and has performed at several first-class Concerts, meeting with great success. Being of a retiring disposition, she is but seldom heard in public, but still diligently continues her studies. She has composed over forty pieces for the Piano, and "Birthday Thoughts," which appears herein, was her first effort at composition.

Esther Kahn: portrait, and, "Intermezzo (morceau de ballet)" signed by Esther Kahn; two postcards; State Library of New South Wales 


Master of the band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs), vocalist, violinist, violoncellist, composer

Born Dublin, Ireland, 23 October 1793
Arrived Sydney, NSW, via Hobart Town, VDL (with Buffs Head Quarters), 29 August 1823 (on the Commodore Hayes, from England)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 28 January 1827, with regiment (on the Woodford and Speke, for India)
Died ? Ireland, ? (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Bandsman 3rd Regiment (Buffs)


Choir leader (Catholic Chapel)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by July 1829


Some attention has been paid to Kavanagh by family and military historians, especially those whose chief interest is his son, Thomas Henry Kavanagh (1821-1882) of Lucknow, VC, hero of the Indian Mutiny. According to Thomas Henry's biographer, D. H. Parry (1898):

The year of grace 1821, which saw the death of the great Napoleon, witnessed the birth of a son to Bandmaster Kavanagh of the 3rd Buffs, at the town of Mullingar, in County Westmeath Ireland.

Records confirm that the birth took place on 15 July 1821, to Thomas Kavanagh and his wife Catherine Murphy (b. 19 March 1899 at Borris Carlow). Thomas Henry's autobiography, How I Won the Victoria Cross (London: Ward and Lock, 1860), contains no reference to his childhood or parentage, except to say, in 1859, that he had been away from Europe for 30 years, suggesting that he may have joined Kavanagh senior in India around 1829.

Registration of Thomas senior's birth has been plausibly traced to 23 October 1793, Dublin, Old St. Mary's Parish, which fits with the date of his first mention in 3rd Buffs records as a drummer boy in 1804. Kavanagh (also Kavenagh, Kavannah, Kavannagh, Cavenagh) arrived in Sydney with Buffs' Headquarters, on 29 August 1823, and disembarked on the following afternoon, the troops marching "to their quarters in the Barracks, the full Band of the 3d Regiment playing the whole of the way."

I have found no specific mention of the band in the press during 1824; however, they were evidently well known by the time of the Anniversary Dinner in January 1825, when it was reported: "The Band of the 3d (or Buffs) Regt, attended, and performed, in their usual masterly and exhilirating Style, several delightful airs and melodies." According to regimental records, Kavanagh's band in Australia consisted of himself ("sarjeant"), and 10 rank-and-file musicians: Zachariah Berry, John Blake, William Booth, William Kavanagh (Thomas's brother), Harry Keyser, Henry Lincoln, John May, Thomas Mylett, John Sullivan, and Edward White. In 1825, for services at St. Philip's Church, the Government made payment to "Serjeant Kavanagh, and others for conducting the psalmody on Sunday mornings, from 7th March, to 7th Sept." For a Sunday service at St. James's in August 1826, Kavanagh's band, and George Sippe's band of the 57th regiment "paraded to and from the church", and several of the bandsmen also "assisted in the choir-they performed an appropriate anthem, [on Pope's] Vital Spark of heavenly flame, with some effect". And, a young chorister in the Catholic Chapel at the time, Columbus Fitzpatrick late in life recollected Kavanagh's playing a leading role, along with fellow bandmaster Joseph Reichenberg, in Catholic worship.

Kavanagh's famous and much-cited advertisement of "ORIGINAL AUSTRALIAN MUSIC" first appeared in the Sydney press on 5 January 1826:

ORIGINAL AUSTRALIAN MUSIC. Dedicated, by Permission, to His Excellency Sir Thomas Brisbane, K. C. B. &c. &c. &c. and by Permission of His Honor the Lieutenant Governor. MR. KAVANAGH, Master of the Band of the 3d Regiment, begs to acquaint the Gentry of Sydney and its Environs, that he has lately composed the following Pieces, which are now submitted at his Quarters in the Military Barrack, where Copies may be had: General Ralph Darling's Australian Slow March; General Darling's Quick Step; Mrs. Darling's waltz; His Honor Col. Stewart's Slow March, Hail Australia! Sir Thomas Brisbane's Grand Australian March; Sir Thomas Brisbane's Grand Australian Quick March; Lady Brisbane's Waltz; My Native Distant Home (Scotch Air); Currency Lasses; The Trumpet sounds Australia's Fame (Song). Mr. K. in submitting to the Australian Public this Specimen of National Music, trusts he will meet with that Encouragement he will be always studious to merit.

The bravura song, The trumpet sounds Australia's fame, was performed in July at the Sydney Amateur Concerts (the complete text survives, printed in the Gazette, 26 July 1826). Later in the series, at Clarke's benefit on 9 January 1827, "Mr. CAVANAGH was principal second violin". The Gazette also reported a few days later:

Mr. Cavenagh, we understand, is about to have a Benefit Concert, under very distinguished patronage. As a musician, Mr. C's talents rate high, and his exertions, on all occasions, to please, will, we have little doubt, procure him a liberal and substantial mark of public favour. A rich and varied musical treat, we are informed, is in preparation, and some new music, vocal and instrumental, composed by Mr. Cavenagh, will be produced on this occasion.

However, the concert appears not to have taken place, as the Gazette later clarified: "Mr. Cavanagh, we understood, was about to have a Benefit Concert ..."). Kavanagh and the band departed for India, with the Buffs headquarters on the Woodford and Speke on 28 January 1827.

Kavanagh was still in Calcutta with his regiment in November 1831, when he was reported performing with his band at Calcutta Town Hall. And though he is unlikely to have returned to Australia, it is possible that one of his relatives did, perhaps (? his brother) William. When a temporary Catholic chapel opened in Sydney in mid-1829, it was reported:

The music is excellent, the leader of the choir (a Mr. Cavanagh, lately arrived from Ireland) having undertaken to conduct it for twelvemonths.

For more on Kavanagh, see also:

Sydney Amateur Concerts of 1826-27

Tempest Paul and Currency Lasses


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

"SHIP NEWS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 September 1823), 2

"COMMEMORATION DINNER", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 February 1825), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 August 1825), 3

"ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 October 1825), 1

"PUBLIC DINNER", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 November 1825), 3

"Sydney Intelligence", Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (2 December 1825), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 January 1826), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (5 January 1826), 1

"THE AMATEUR CONCERT", The Monitor (21 July 1826), 5

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 July 1826), 3

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (22 July 1826), 3

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 July 1826), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 July 1826), 3

[News], The Australian (23 August 1826), 3

"Subscription Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 January 1827), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 January 1827), 2

[Editorial], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 January 1827), 2

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 January 1827), 3

[News], The Sydney Monitor (4 July 1829), 3

"ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SONS OF ST. ANDREW AT THE TOWN HALL", Calcutta Magazine and Monthly Register 25 (1832), 34

. . . The Buff's band, well known for its excellence, under the guidance of Mr. Kavannah Senr. its master, were in attendance, and occupied the Re-union stage as an Orchestra . . .

Columbus Fitzpatrick, "REMINISCENCES OF CATHOLICISM IN THE EARLY DAYS OF THE COLONY", Freeman's Journal (25 November 1865), 741 

In 1825 there were a great number of soldiers in this country and as it happened, the Bandmaster (Mr. Cavanagh) of the 3rd Buffs was a Catholic, as also the Bandmaster (Mr. Richenberg) of the 40th Regiment, an Italian and a great musician ... and it was a common thing to have five or six clarinets, two bassoons, a serpent, two French horns, two flutes, a violincello, and first and tenor violin, and any amount of well-trained singers, all bursting forth in perfect harmony the beautiful music of our Church ... There being as I said before, two Catholic bandmasters in Sydney at that time, there was a spirit of emulation in the bands to see who could do most for the Church, and as Mr. Cavanagh the bandmaster of the Buffs was a fine singer, he gave is the benefit of his voice in addition to playing the violincello. Such choruses I have never since heard ...

Bibliography and resources:

D. H. Parry, Britain's roll of glory, or the Victoria Cross, its heroes and their valor (London: Cassll and Company, 1898), 159 (DIGITISED)

Hall 1951-54

Christopher Hibbert, The Great Mutiny: India, 1857 (London: Allen Lane, 1978), 332, described young Kavanagh at Lucknow as "a tall, muscular, talkative, ludicrously vain Irishman of thirty-six"

C. J. Duffy (ed.), Catholic religious and social life in the Macquarie era: as portrayed in the letters of Columbus Fitzpatrick (1810-1878) (Sydney: Catholic Press Newspaper Company, Ltd., 1966), 17-19

Covell 1967, 10

Patrick O'Farrell, Documents in Australian Catholic History: 1788-1883 (Sydney: G. Chapman, 1969), 32-33

Skinner 2011, 80-87 (DIGITISED)

KAWERAU, Frederick

Amateur vocalist, architect and surveyor

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, July 1849
Departed Melbourne, VIC, January 1869


Having arrived from Germany in July 1849, the architect Kawerau ("pronounced Carvero") appeared in two concerts in Melbourne in December 1850. He continued to appear occasionally in concerts (for instance, in Melbourne, with Octavia Hamilton in July 1863), and in Ballarat in June 1863 he was honorary secretary of the newly formed Ballarat Vocal Union, under the leadership of Austin Turner.


[Advertisement], The Argus (31 July 1849), 3

"ARCHITECTURE", The Argus (3 August 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 December 1850), 2

"SOCIAL", The Star (24 June 1863), 1s

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 July 1863), 8

"SHIPPING FOR THE MONTH", Illustrated Australian News (1 February 1869), 35

"Deaths", The Argus (24 July 1876), 1

KAYE, Samuel

Singing-master, professor of music, organist, music seller, organ builder, arranger, music publisher

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1860
Departed Melbourne, VIC, after July 1876


At the time of his marriage in January 1860, Kaye was singing-master of Melbourne's Denominational Schools. In January 1865, prior to his departure on a trip to Europe, the St. Kilda Glee and Madrigal Society, of which he was the conductor, gave a concert in his honour. Back in Collins-Street east, Melbourne in September 1866, "Mr. David Lee and Mr. Samuel Kaye (professors of music)" opened a Pianoforte and Harmonium Warehouse. As a musical partnership, they served as conductor and organist of the Melbourne Philharmonic. They continued to run the business, Lee and Kaye, for ten years, until in 1876 Kaye sold up his personal effects and left the colony, and Allan and Co. took over the premises. Lee and Kaye published at least two local compositions, George Allan's song A wild night (poetry by Henry Kendall) in July 1870; and So far away (written by Emery Gould; composed by Sidonia; dedicated to to Miss Lennon, Geelong"). Kaye was also responsible for another publication, Music for the Masonic Order, being Ritual No 1 selected and arranged by Bro. Samuel Kaye (Melbourne: Masonic Musical Union, [n.d.]),


"MARRIAGES", The Argus (11 January 1860), 4

[News], The Argus (12 January 1865), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 September 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 December 1868), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1870), 3

[News], The Argus (1 August 1870), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 December 1875), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 July 1876), 3

"THE SCOT'S CHURCH", The Argus (25 July 1876), 7

"ALLAN AND CO.'S NEW MUSIC WAREHOUSE", The Argus (5 October 1876), 10

? "THE MUSICAL ARTISTS' SOCIETY OF VICTORIA", The Argus (28 February 1887), 9

Bibliography and resources:

Carne 1954)

KEANE, Michael

Drummer and fifer, drum major (formerly of 25th Regiment), convict

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 May 1820


"AUTOBIOGRAPHY (Of a Botany Bay Hero)", The Australian (11 November 1826), 4

KEARNEY, Patrick

Harp owner, ? harpist

Active Campbell Town, TAS, 1865


"INSOLVENT COURT", Launceston Examiner (16 December 1865), 3

Associations: James Joseph Pollard, Albert Francis Weippert

KEARNS, Edward (Edward KEARNS)

Bandsman (12th Regiment), bandmaster (Coldstream Brass Band), composer

Regiment in Australia, 1854-67
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1861; Maitland, NSW, by 1875; Sydney, until 1895 or later


"CORONER'S INQUEST", Empire (19 September 1861), 5

[News], The Argus (6 February 1875), 7

"VOLUNTEER PARADE", The Maitland Mercury (14 December 1875), 2

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1880), 5

"BENEFIT CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1895), 6

Musical works:

Don't go, Molly darling (ballad; "music by Edward Kearns; words by F. Mears"; "especially composed for Mr. Beaumont Read of Madame Bishop's company")


Teacher of Pianoforte and Singing

Active Hobart, TAS, 1862


[Advertisement], The Mercury (7 October 1862), 1

KEERS, Master J. R

"The wonderful Child Violinist, the young Australian Paganini"

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1887


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1887), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1888), 2

"Liedertafel Smoke Concert", The Cumberland Argus (2 March 1889), 2

"A PROMISING VIOLINIST", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1894), 6

"A VIOLINIST", The Dubbo Liberal (30 January 1904), 2

"THE KEERS PRESENTATION", The Dubbo Liberal (18 December 1907), 2

[Advertisement], The Register (10 April 1909), 12

KEIDEL, A. (? Augustus)

Musician, flautist, clarinettist, bandmaster (Adelaide Amateur Brass and Reed Band)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1848-51
? Died Ballarat, VIC, 30 July 1860, aged 45


[Advertisement], South Australian (29 February 1848), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (6 October 1848), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (13 March 1849), 3

"AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL EXHIBITION", South Australian (22 February 1850), 2

"DECLARATION OF CONFIDENCE IN MR JOHN STEPHENS", South Australian Register (7 March 1850), 2s

[Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 April 1851), 2

"DEATHS", The Star (6 August 1860), 2


Amateur tenor vocalist, music reviewer (The Argus, 1869-89)

Born London, 1831
Arrived Victoria, 1852
Died Richmond, Melbourne, VIC, 7 March 1889, aged 57 (TROVE public tag)


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 February 1855), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 July 1869), 8

[News], The Argus (30 July 1869), 4

"Deaths", The Argus (19 April 1881), 1

"Deaths", The Argus (8 March 1889), 1

"DEATH OF MR. H. KEILEY", The Argus (8 March 1889), 7

The death of Mr. Henry Keiley, which we regret to have to announce this morning, removes from journalistic and musical circles of this colony a very prominent figure. Mr Keiley, who was best known as the musical critic of The Argus, occupied that position for upwards of 20 years, enjoying during that time the entire confidence of the office, the close fellowship and goodwill of his colleagues, and the friendship of all the members of the musical profession with whom he was brought into contact. His genial and gentle personality will be much missed it is no empty compliment to his memory to say that he was always upright in giving judgment and while he had to deal with performances and appearances of all kinds of artistes, from the greatest who have visited these shores to the aspirants among our native born population, he was always careful that he criticised with dignity, praised when praise was deserved, encouraged when encouragement was necessary, and condemned when the interests of the public demanded it. He never fell into the common error of regarding criticism as an opportunity for fault-finding but, on the contrary, he placed before his readers a bright picture of the occurrence, conjoined with solid information, which rendered his notices a musical education in themselves. He was born in London in 1831, and nurtured among musical surroundings. At a very early age he was made familiar with the efforts of performers of the first rank, and during his youth, though his avocation lay in business in the city, he was always moving among musical people. He came to Victoria in 1852, and sought his fortune at Pleasant Creek (now Stawell). Afterwards, when the gold fields waned, be, in 1869, joined the staff of The Argus as musical critic. As has been said, he retained that position until his death, and the value of the work he did is appreciated by all who have studied it. Mr. Cowen before his departure publicly expressed surprise at the high standard of musical criticism in Melbourne. It was Mr. Keiley who was entitled to the credit of having established that standard. In late years Mr. Keiley suffered much from visitations of gout, and during the currency of the Exhibition, when his labours were most arduous, he was compelled to take a rest. He did not regain strength, not ever, and died last night at 1 o'clock, after eight weeks' illness, from congestion of the brain and gout. He was attended by Dr. Moloney and Dr. Eisner. His funeral will leave his residence, 141 Church street, Richmond, at half past 2 o clock on Saturday afternoon.

"A SERVICE OF SORROW", The Argus (11 March 1889), 8

Stage works:

Alfred the great (a dramatic & musical fancy written and arranged by Marcus Clarke and Henry Keiley [the music composed by Fred Lyster and Alfred Plumpton) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1879])




Pianist, composer

Born Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, 12 October 1858
Active Australia, from 1878
Died Paris, France, 14 July 1914 (NLA persistent identifier)




Daughter of the late Chief Justice of New Caledonia, Alice Charbonnet "of the Conservatoire of Paris" (1876-77), made her Sydney debut as a pianist in April 1878. She married Australian-born violinist Frederick Kellermann junior (nephew of William Kellermann) in 1882. Though at first billing herself in Australia as Madame Charbonnet-Kellermann, later in life in Paris she reportedly preferred to be known as Mademe Kellermann. Her daughter was the Australian swimmer Annette Kellermann, and a son Maurice (b. Sydney, 1885), a violinist, settled in the USA in 1912.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1878), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 April 1878), 2

"Marriages", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1882), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1890), 12

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1914), 6

"PERSONAL", The West Australian (26 August 1914), 6

"MENTONE", Brighton Southern Cross (5 September 1914), 4

Musical works:

The Duchess of York

Christmas songs (Joyeux Noels)

Saltarella in A minor

Le train du diable (galop de concert)

Brise de mer (grand waltz for pianoforte)

Ave Maria (with violin obligato ad lib.)

Bibliography and resources:

G. P. Walsh, Kellermann, Annette Marie Sarah (1886-1975), Australian dictionary of biography 9 (1983)

KELLERMANN, Frederick (junior)

Professor of Piano and Theory, violinist


Son of F. W. Kellermann and nephew of William Kellermann, Frederick married Alice Charbonnet on 18 December 1882.


"Marriages", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1882), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1890), 12

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1891), 1


Instructor in Vocal and Instrumental Music

Active Sydney and Maitland, NSW, by 1853
Died Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW, 15 June 1891, in his 71st year


"A pupil of the celebrated Mr. Staudigl of Vienna", presumably Joseph Staudigl (1807-1861), William was in partnership with his brother Frederick (father of Frederick Kellerman junior above) as merchant traders in Sydney and Maitland by 1853. Having withdrawn from the business, Kellerman appeared in Maitland in concerts in June 1855 and advertised as a music teacher in December. Members of the Maitland Philharmonic Institute gave him a benefit concert in November 1858. Together with Dr. Charles Horn and Marmaduke Wilson, he organised a concert in "aid of the distressed in Lancashire" in August 1862. By December 1863, having meanwhile sold of his lost piano, harmonium, music, books and furniture to creditors (to be actioned in January 1864), he had relocated and was teaching again in Sydney.


[News], The Maitland Mercury (13 June 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (5 December 1855), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (18 November 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (19 August 1862), 1

"MAITLAND PHILHARMONIC INSTITUTE", The Maitland Mercury (16 May 1861), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 December 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (9 January 1864), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1891), 1


Tenor vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3


Bandsman (51st Regiment)

Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), August 1846
Died India, 1846/47


[News], The Courier (12 August 1846), 3

"THE 51ST REGIMENT IN INDIA", The Courier (15 May 1857), 2

We regret to record that, since the arrival of the head-quarters of this fine regiment in the China and Agincourt, at Bangalore, there have been many deaths, among whom we may mention [... ] sergeant Jones (of the band,) ... Kelly (of the band,) Simpson (of the buglers) ..."

KELLY, James (Captain KELLY)

Sealer, mariner, amateur accordion player, songwriter

Born Parramatta, NSW, 24 December 1791
Died Hobart Town, TAS, 20 April 1859 (NLA persistent identifier)


"SUDDEN DEATH OF A VERY OLD COLONIST", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (21 April 1859), 2

Will Lawson, "OUR LITTLE-KNOWN EXPLORERS. 2. INTREPID CAPTAIN KELLY", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1939), 11

... It was Lady Franklin who said of Kelly, and a song he composed called The Blue Song, when writing to a friend in England: "I am sending you a song entitled The Blue Song. It was written by Kelly the Whaler, a curious and rich old fellow. He sports a carriage on which he has for a crest a hand grasping a harpoon with the motto, "Olium."

Will Lawson, "How old are sea chanties?", The World's News (20 June 1953), 12

Today no relics remain of Captain Kelly's songs, but the melodion on which he played them lies in an historical museum in Launceston.

Bibliography and resources:

Lawson, Blue gum clippers and whale ships of Tasmania (1949), 17, 73

Bowden, Captain James Kelly of Hobart Town (1964), 122 note 9

"The Blue Song' cannot be traced. Evidently Kelly was musical - his accordion is in the Launceston Museum.



Active Hobart, 1834


"HOBART TOWN POLICE REPORT", Trumpeter General (3 October 1834), 2 

John Kelly, fiddler to a whaling company, and for a long time master musician to "King William the Fourth," at Hobart Town, at whose residence he so played upon constable Clarke's service (who went to execute a warrant upon him) as to overpower him; and he escaped, but was afterwards heard of playing his tender ditties in the bush, and was brought from his Arcadean retirement to Hobart Town, to attend a concert at the Police Office, when the most noxious instrument, the base viol, played him a tune to the amount of 10l. and costs and spoilt his fiddle.


Bushranger, amateur singer

Born Beveridge, VIC, June 1855
Executed Melbourne, VIC, 11 November 1880 (NLA persistent identifier)


The "Kelly song" has been \whimsically identified as "Farewell to my home in Greta"; however, whatever song the report was actually referring to remains a mystery.


"DESTRUCTION OF THE KELLY GANG", The Argus (30 June 1880), 6

... Between 12 and 1 o'clock on Sunday morning one of Mrs. Jones's sons sang the Kelly song for the amusement of the gang, and his mother occasionally asked him to sing out louder. Most of the prisoners were then cleared from the front parlour, and the gang had a dance. They danced a set of quadrilles, and Mr. David Mortimer, brother-in-law of the school-master, furnished the music with a concertina. Ned Kelly had the girl Jones for a partner, Dan had Mrs. Jones, and Byrne and Hart, danced with male prisoners.

"THE KELLY GANG", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 July 1880), 6

"THE KELLY GANG. TO THE EDITOR", The Mercury (26 July 1880), 3

"INTERCOLONIAL SUMMARY", South Australian Register (7 August 1880), 2 Supplement

Ned Kelly has been removed from Melbourne to Beechworth. On the journey he was some times rather noisy, as if wishing to direct attention to himself. He sang two bushranging songs, conversed freely stout his exploits, and pointed out different objects of interest on the way, especially in the neighbourhood of the Strathbogie Ranges.

[News], The Argus (1 December 1881), 7

"THE KELLY GANG OF BUSHRANGERS", The Advertiser (19 August 1911), 23

"The Real Story of NED KELLY", Mirror (25 July 1953), 8

Associated works:

Songs of the Kelly Gang ([Hobart Town: T. W. Allen, 1879/80])

A song sheet containing four pro-Kelly songs written and published while the gang was still active; 2nd song set to the tune of "Going to Ballarat"; 3rd song to tune of "Bold Sojer Boy"; 4th song "Sticking up of the Euroa Bank".

Bibliography and resources:

John V. Barry, Kelly, Edward (Ned) (1855-1880), Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)


Vocalist, composer, songwriter

Arrived Australia, 1898
Died Sydney, NSW, 25 October 1925"Charles+Kenningham" (TROVE search)



"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", Daily Telegraph (4 April 1891), 3

Sir Arthur Sullivan's score of "Ivanhoe" comprises 640 pages of manuscript, and has occupied a considerable portion of the composer's time during the past 12 months. Mr. Charles Kenningham, late principal tenor at Canterbury Cathedral, has been retained for the part of De Bracy in the opera.

"TENOR'S DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 October 1925), 12 

... Mr. Kenningham came to Australia in 1898 under engagement to Williamson and Musgrove, as one of the new artists engaged for the reorganised Royal Comic Opera Company. He made his first Australian appearance in Adelaide as Marco Palmieri in "The Gondoliers," and sang this solo later in the Sydney production on August 13, 1898, at Her Majesty's. The baritone role, Guiseppe, was filled on that occasion by Mr. William Paull; and among the other principals were Miss Dorothy Vane, Miss Carrie Moore, Messrs. George Laurie, and Howard Vernon. Lancelot, in "La Poupée," was included in Mr. Kenningham's roles in that season, upon the first Australian production of that work on September 10. He sang then also the tenor roles in "The Mikado," "The Yeoman of the Guard," and "Dorothy." "La Poupée" was revived the following year in a six weeks' season, in which also "Ma Mie Rosette" and "The Geisha" were produced. In a wide range of parts during his Australian career, Mr. Kenningham was always effective, and became very popular. After retiring from the stage he was for some years a teacher of singing in Maryborough, Queensland. He is survived by a widow.


Librettist, songwriter, poet

Born Ulladulla, NSW, 18 April 1839
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 1 August 1882 (NLA persistent identifier)


In addition to his major collaborations with Charles Horsley and Paolo Giorza, Kendall wrote many poems he designated as "songs". Notably, his 1862 collection, Poems and songs (published in Sydney by Jacob Clarke) included the "Squatter's song" and "Song of the cattle hunters". Later collection were Leaves from Australian forests (1869) and Songs from the mountains (1880). In the Federation era, Alfred Hill, Christian Hellemann and Varney Monk composed and published settings of Kendall's songs.


"KERRASSU. AN ABORIGINAL SONG", Bell's Life in Sydney (30 November 1861), 4

"ABORIGINAL DEATH SONGS", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (15 April 1862), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1863), 1

"HENRY KENDALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1863), 8

[Advertisement]: "MASONIC HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1872), 8

"LITERATURE. Poems and Songs by Henry Kendall", Australian Town and Country Journal (29 March 1873), 18

"POEMS AND SONGS BY HENRY KENDALL", Empire (31 March 1873), 4

Works with music by colonial composers:

Silent tears (words: Henry Kendall; "A song of affection"; "Dedicated with permission to Lady Stephen, Lyon's Terrace, Hyde Park") (Sydney: Peck's Music Repository, [1859])

The Song of the cattle hunters (song with chorus; words: Henry Kendall; as sung by Christy's Minstrels; dedicated to the squatters of NSW) ([Sydney: J. R. Clarke, 1863])


A wild night (poetry by Henry Kendall; the music composed expressly for and sung by Mrs. Cutter by G. B. Allen) (Melbourne: Lee & Kaye, [1870])

Euterpe (op.76: an ode to music written by Henry Kendall, composed expressly for the opening of the new town hall ... by Charles Edward Horsley) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [1870)

Honor the hero ("Song in Memory of our lamented patriot, the late W.C. Wentworth") (words: Henry Kendall) [Unidentified print] Copy at SL-NSW (Mitchell Library); see Thomas Thornton Reed, Henry Kendall: A Critical Appreciation (Rigby, 1960), 56

Cantata written expressly for the opening ceremony of the Sydney International Exhibition (words by Henry Kendall; music by Cavaliere Paolo Giorza (Sydney: [The Exhibition], [1879/80])


The poems of Henry Kendall

Bibliography and resources:

T. T. Reed, Kendall, Thomas Henry (1839-1882), Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

KENT, Benjamin Archer (Dr. KENT)

Amateur flautist, vocalist

Born UK, 1808
Active Adelaide, SA, 1840s
Died London, 25 November 1864


"THE CORPORATION", South Australian Register (25 June 1842), 2

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian (1 July 1842), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (7 November 1843), 3

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 November 1843), 3

"DIED", The South Australian Advertiser (18 January 1865), 2


Bibliography and resources:

Peter H. Schurr, Benjamin's son: Benjamin Archer Kent M.D. (1808-1864)

"Benjamin Archer Kent: a South Australian pioneer"

KENTISH, Nathaniel Lipscomb

Songwriter, litigant

Born Winchester, England, 1797
Arrived Sydney, March 1830
Died Ashfield, Sydney, NSW, 11 October 1867 (NLA persistent identifier)


"KENTISH V. SPAGNOLETTI", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1861), 5

"Metropolitan Correspondence", Bathurst Free Press (24 August 1861), 2


Mount Alexander gold-diggers' song ("Chorus by all the diggers in full costume") ([?] : [?], [1852])

The captured lady (answer to Ever of thee I'm fondly dreaming; words by N. C. [recte N. L.] Kentish; composed by Spagnoletti) ([Sydney]; [Spagnoletti], [1861])

Bibliography and resources:

L. J. Blake, Kentish, Nathaniel Lipscomb (1797-1867), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

KEON, Georgina Isabella (Mrs. O' SULLIVAN)

Amateur composer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1864
Died Sydney, 1927


Irish born, Keon was a niece (daughter of the sister) of the NSW attorney-general (and amateur musician) J. H. Plunkett. The Keon family settled at Eden, on Twofold Bay, NSW. In November 1864, J. H. Anderson published Keon's The Twofold Bay waltzes, dedicated to her uncle and his wife. In 1866 she married the Irish-born grazier Sylvester O'Sullivan.


"DONATIONS TO THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 March 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1864), 12

"The Twofold Bay Waltzes", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 November 1864), 4

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1866), 1

KERN, Charles

Music printer, music publisher, bookbinder, general stationer

Active Sydney, NSW, as Kern and Mader, 1845-53


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1845), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (25 June 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1853), 3


Frederick Mader

KERR, Andrew

Flauto player (? flautina, flutina)

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1858


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1858), 3

KERR, William

Stationer, music seller, journalisy, newspaper editor

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1832 (from Scotland)
Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), by 1839
Died Sunbury, VIC, 25 May 1859, aged 47


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (5 November 1840), 1 

Book and Stationery Warehouse, Collins Street. THE Undersigned has just landed from the London, and has now open for inspection, Two very superior Cottage Pianofortes, mahogany French polished, 6 1/2 oct, metalic plate columns, O. G. Fall; One old Violin, by Duke, with octagon pearl handled bow, &c., one of the finest instruments ever imported to the Australian colonies; One ditto ditto, (Italian) equally valuable; Two very superior Violins, oil varnish, double purpled, with octagon pearl mounted bow; One superb Guitar, machine head, pearl, mounted, silver fretts, &c.; Two German silver mounted cocoa Flutes, 8 keys, patent, with handsome rosewood case; A great variety of Horns, Half-moons, Trumpets, one nnd four keyed Concert Flutes, &c.; An assortment of the newest and most fashionable Music; Guitar, Pianoforte, Violin, and Flute Tutors. The whole of the above will be found well worthy of inspection. WILLIAM KERR. Melbourne, November 2.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (28 December 1840), 4 

NEW MUSIC. - The subscriber has purchased the whole of the vocal, pianoforte, violin, and guitar Music, imported by Mr. Ellard from Sydney, in the Clonmel, and will have it ready for inspection, this morning, at the Book and Stationery Warehouse, Collins-street. WILLIAM KERR, A few very superior violins, guitars and flute for sale.

"THE LATE WILLIAM KERR", The Age (7 June 1859), 4-5 

Other relevant sources: 


Vocalist, harpist

? Born London 19 November 1809, baptised St. Botolph, Bishopsgate 10 December 1809
Married Henry Coleman Kesterton (1809-1886), St. Mary, Newington, Southwark, March 1833
Arrived Hobart, VDL (TAS), 16/23 August 1833 (per Curler, from London 20 March)
Died Balmain, NSW, 1857 (BDM NSW - 1331/1857) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Arrival, Henry and Mrs. E. Kesterton, Hobart, 16 NAME_INDEXES:445379; MB2/39/1/1 p403 (image 202)

"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (23 August 1833), 3 

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 October 1834), 1

... Song - "Flow on that shining river," Mrs. KESTERTON, accompanied by herself on the harp - Moore.

"Mr. Gordonovitch's concert ...", The Hobart Town Courier (31 October 1834), 3

... Mrs. Kesterton's performance on the harp (kindly lent, we understand, by Miss Arthur [? daughter of the governor]) afforded us considerable pleasure; but the timidity under which this lady laboured, detracted very considerably from the full effect which, we know, she could impart to her playing.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (11 November 1834), 3

... Song - Mrs. KESTERTON, "Wilt thou say farewell, Love?" by desire, accompanied by herself on the Harp - Moore.

"OBITUARY", The Manaro Mercury, and Cooma and Bombala Advertiser (15 May 1886), 3 

KETTEN, Henry (Henry KETTEN; Henri KETTEN)

Pianist, composer

Born Baja, Hungary, 25 March 1848
Toured Australia, May 1880 to May 1881
Died 1 April 1883 (NLA persistent identifier)



[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1880), 5

"M. HENRI KETTEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1880), 6

"HENRI KETTEN, PIANIST AND VIRTUOSO", The Argus (9 June 1880), 6

[News], The Argus (5 April 1883), 7

A cable message this morning announces the death, at the early age of 35, of Mr. Henri Ketten, the eminent pianist, who made such a brilliant and successful tour through the colonies a few years ago. Mr. Ketten was a native of Hungary, having been born at Baja on the 25th March, 1848. His talent showed itself at an early age. In 1860 he played Osborne before the Queen, and subsequently visited Germany, Austria, Russia, Switzerland, and Turkey, remaining for three years at Constantinople as conductor at the Imperial Theatre. In 1879 he visited America, and on the 12th June, 1880, he presented himself before a Melbourne audience at the Opera-house. He had no other artists to assist him, the programme consisting entirely of his own performances. The experiment was brilliantly successful, and Mr. Ketten's tour through the Australian colonies may be described as a triumphal progress, his reception everywhere being as no former musician had ever received. His untimely death will be deeply regretted by all who have had the privilege of hearing his wonderful performances.

"HENRI KETTEN", The Argus (6 April 1883), 7

Richard A. Proctor, "THE STORY OF HENRI KETTEN", Euroa Advertiser (14 October 1887), 5

Colonial publications:

The Ketten galop (Sydney: Nicholson and Co., [1880])

The Ketten galop (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1880])

New caprice (deuxième caprice) (Melbourne: Nicholson and Ascherberg, [1880])

Those evening bells ("words by Thomas Moore; music by Henry Ketten") (first edition, Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1880])

Minuetto di Boccherini ("arranged by Henry Ketten") (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1880])

Serenade from Don Giovanni ("arranged by Henry Ketten") (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1880])


Bandsman 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 29 August 1823 (per Commodore Hayes, from England)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 28 January 1827 (per Woodford and Speke, for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

"SHIP NEWS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 September 1823), 2

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 January 1827), 3

KIERATH, Charles Henry (Karl Heinrich)

Musician, bandmaster (German band)

Born Brunswick [Braunschweig], Germany, 5 January 1829
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1855 (per Arabia, from Liverpool)
Died Chiltern, VIC, 21 February 1922


"WOOLSHED POLICE COURT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (7 September 1858), 2

"MANY HAPPY RETURNS OF THE DAY", Rutherglen Sun and Chiltern Valley Advertiser (9 January 1914), 5

"EIGHTY-FIVE, NOT OUT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (10 January 1914), 2

Mr. Kierath is also one of the pioneers of the North-Eastern District; he arrived in Victoria by the ship Arabia, from Liverpool, in the year 1855. He is a native of Brunswick, Germany. In the year '55 he formed a bunch of eight musicians for the purpose of visiting England, and then Australia. After a short time in England, and having arranged for the passage of the members of his band to Australia, he was joined by his wife, and the party of young Germans set sail for the Southern Cross lands. On arrival at Melbourne the members of the band gave a series of open air concerts, and also accepted engagements; they also visited Ballarat and Bendigo. On his return to Melbourne he learnt of the Ovens goldfields, and it then became a question whether it would be Beechworth or Sydney. A Mr Johnston engaged four members of the band, who went to Sydney, our esteemed resident going to Beechworth where, with the late Carl Esther, he commenced a green-grocery business, but also accepting engagements as musicians.

"MR. CHARLES KIERATH", The North Eastern Ensign (24 February 1922), 2

KILNER, Joseph

Piano-forte manufacturer, music retailer (publisher)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, (1) c. 1850; (2) by 1853
Died Richmond, VIC, 9 May 1891, aged 58

Summary (Keith Johns):

Joseph Kilner first arrived in Australia in 1850 and, after making his fortune in gold and returning to England to collect his family, he returned to Victoria. In 1854 he began making pianos from parts imported from BROADWOOD'S in London, where he had served his apprenticeship. In 1862 Joseph Wilkie, also from Broadwood's, joined him, the firm becoming Wilkie, Kilner and Company. Between 1863 and 1866 they sold 305 pianos. Around 1870 this factory reverted to a family business and made wooden-frame pianos under the name of Joseph Kilner ... The pianos were of good quality and they won several prizes: 1866-1867, Melbourne Intercolonial Exhibition; 1872, Intercolonial Exhibition of Victoria; 1876, Great Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition. Kilner's name also appeared as publisher on at least one piece of printed music, L'adieu (Song; music by W. St. John M. Caws; words by John Whiteman) (published with R. J. Paling).


? [Advertisement], The Argus (13 July 1853), 2

"MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS", The Argus (6 November 1872), 4s

"Deaths", The Argus (11 May 1891), 1

Bibliography abd resources:

Keith Johns, "Australian Piano Industry", in Piano: an encyclopaedia

KIM, Mr. E.

Clarinette player (12th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6 



Summary (family):

Most, perhaps all, of these singers and instrumentalists belonged to a single extended family, active in Melbourne from 1854. There are certainly duplications, and in due course, the more important of them will have individual entries. For now, however, with a view to fathoming their relationships with each other (or, in one or two instances, perhaps not), a single family entry must suffice.

According to a much later biography of Henry John King junior, born in Melbourne in 1855, his parents Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. King senior arrived in Melbourne on board the Indian Queen, a clipper ship that sailed to and from Liverpool in 1853-55.

In the Argus in June 1854, "MR. EDWARD KING, leader at the Salle de Valentino" advertised that he "provides Bands for Quadrille Parties. Harp, violin, piano, guitar, taught". Immediately beneath appeared an ad by "MR. THOMAS KING, late First Clarionet, Surry Theatre, London, Leader Montpellier Band, Cheltenham, and Second Somerset Militia Band, Bath, provides bands and teaches music." "MR. E. KING" gave his second grand concert at the Marco Polo Hotel, Melbourne, in July 1854, and "Mons. E. King", professor of music and piano tuner, advertised his removal to Emerald Hill in January 1855.

By October 1856, Edward was leading the band under George Loder for Anna Bishops Melbourne concerts. He led the band of the Melbourne Philharmonic in 1857 and 1860, and played second violin to Miska Hauser in a Beethoven quartet at the latter's Melbourne concert in February 1857. A "Mr. T. King" was also a clarinet player in Ballarat in 1858-59. In April 1858, he and several colleagues accepted a challenge from a rival Ballarat Band:

MR. T. KING, leader of the Montezuma Band, and five others are prepared to accept the challenge of the Star Band, if there is no shenanigan. Three Events. String band, wind band, man to man, as soloists. The best of two events to received the stakes of [pounds] 100. T. KING, Specimen Hill, Ballarat, 21st April, 1858.

Back in July 1854, the Argus reported that Mr. King, the clarionettist, and his daughter Miss Juliana King appeared with Fleury's band at the Salle de Valentino in July 1854; Juliana (actually daughter of Edward King) according to the paper "a young lady nine years of age, who, I was told, appeared for the first time in Melbourne ... was quite a favourite at Bristol, and ought to be heard to better advantage than in a large canvas-covered building like the Salle de Valentino". During 1855, she was billed as "the Infant Sappho" (to Swannell's "Australian Nightingale"). By the 1860s, she was singing regularly in oratorio, both in Melbourne and Ballarat.

In July 1857, one "J. HALL" begged "leave to inform the friends of Mr. Henry J. King, Organist, Pianist, and Singer, that he is expected to arrive at Melbourne in a few days by the ship Commodore Perry, with a choice selection of new Music". In November 1857, H. J. King [senior] appeared as pianist for Maria Chalker and violinist George Peck, while "Mr. King (of the Bath Concerts)", presumably Edward, led the orchestra conducted by John Russell for the Melbourne Philharmonic.

In January 1859, H. J. King advertised as "Professor of the Organ, Pianoforte, and Singing, teacher at the Church of England Grammar School" from his home in Nelson-place, Emerald Hill. E. King, violin and H. J. King, piano, appeared together in a concert with clarinettist Gustav Faure at the Wesleyan Bazaar, Emerald Hill, in December 1863. Several members of the King family played leading roles in the premiere of George Tolhurst's Ruth in Prahran in January 1864.

Born in Melbourne in 1855 Henry John King junior was in Portland, Victoria, in 1873, where he was organist of St. Stephen's Church and a teacher of music, but by April 1876 he had reportedly been at Castlemaine for two years where he was conductor of the Castlemaine Philharmonic Society. In May 1876, the Launceston Examiner reported that his father: "Mr. H. J. King, of Melbourne, professor of music, advertises that he proposes taking up his residence in Launceston shortly. Mr. King was organist of St. James's Cathedral, and music master of the Church of England Grammar School. He has also been piano-conductor for the Italian-Opera Company", though the report went on to confuse King senior with his son.

This confusion was clarified when a new song, Wait and Hope was published in September 1876, when the Launceston Examiner reported: "The words are by Eliza Anna King, and the music has been composed by Mr Henry John King, son of Mr. King, of this town"; and in the Melbourne Argus: "composed by Henry John King, of Castlemaine, on words written by Eliza Anna King. Mr. King is a rising musician, and one of the well-known King family of Melbourne." In 1888, he won the competition for the Inaugural Cantata for the Centennial International Exhibition in Melbourne (see He dedicated his Te Deum and Jubilate in D to his brother Edward Mendelssohn Bach King, who from around 1890 until his death in 1918 was organist of Newcastle Cathedral, NSW.


[2 advertisements], The Argus (3 June 1854), 8

"THE SALLE DE VALENTINO", The Argus (4 July 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 July 1854), 8 article4795724

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 October 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 January 1855), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 May 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 June 1855), 8

"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS AT MELBOURNE", The Courier (22 June 1855), 3

"CONCERT AT THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (16 July 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 May 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 October 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 February 1857), 8

"MISKA HAUSER'S CONCERT", The Argus (24 February 1857), 5


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 July 1857), 7

[Advertisement], The Star (28 September 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 November 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Star (22 April 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (29 September 1858), 3

"MONTEZUMA PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Star (6 October 1858), 2

"PRINCESS'S THEATRE", The Argus (4 November 1858), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 January 1859), 8


[Advertisement], The Argus (12 April 1859), 8

[News], The Argus (7 March 1860), 5

[News], The Argus (26 December 1860), 4

"ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH FESTIVAL", The Star (10 November 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 January 1864), 8

"RUTH, A NEW SACRED ORATORIO", The Argus (22 February 1864), 5

"BALLARAT EAST PUBLIC LIBRARY", The Star (20 September 1864), 3

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (24 October 1864), 2s

"DEATHS", The Argus (19 March 1866), 5

[Advertisement], The Portland Guardian (6 June 1873), 3

[News], The Argus (28 April 1876), 5

"MR. H. J. KING", Launceston Examiner (2 May 1876), 3

"NEW MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (16 September 1876), 6

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (22 September 1876), 7

"DEATHS", The Argus (22 March 1883), 1


"THE MUSIC", The Argus (2 August 1888), 4s

"DEATHS", The Argus (29 October 1894), 1


"DIVORCE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1902), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (3 June 1902), 1

"DEATH OF MR. EDWARD KING", Singleton Argus (17 December 1918), 2

[Advertisement; probate of Edward Mendelssohn Bach King, musician], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1918), 11

"PERSONALITIES", The Queenslander (28 December 1918), 16

"MR. HENRY JOHN KING", The Brisbane Courier (24 April 1933), 11

"Obituary. Mr. H. J. King", The Courier-Mail (28 June 1834), 18

"MR. H. J. KING", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1934), 7



KING, Edward

Professor of Music, violinist, orchestral leader

Born Bristol, England, March 1814
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1854 (? 1853 per Indian Queen, from Liverpool)
Died Kyabram, VIC, 26 October 1894, in his 81st year


[Advertisement], The Argus (3 June 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 February 1882), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1883), 16

[News], The Argus (29 October 1894), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (29 October 1894), 1

"DEATH OF A WELL KNOWN MUSICIAN", Bendigo Advertiser (31 October 1894), 2

The death of Mr. Edward King is announced. The deceased gentleman was of an illustrious family, having on his father's side come from John of Gaunt, son of Edward III by his wife Philippe of Hainault, and on his mother's side from the Earl of Tyron, the O'Neills-Kings of Ireland and peers of England. The Age says: - The announcement of the death of Mr. Edward King, a veteran violinist, who for nearly 30 years led the orchestra of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, will occasion widespread regret. Some months ago Mr. King, who belonged to a family of musicians well known in many parts of the colony, removed from Melbourne to Kyabram, and it was there that his demise took place. Mr. King was born in Bristol, in England, in the year 1814, just before the battle of Waterloo, and consequently had reached the ripe age of 80 years. In early childhood he developed great talent for music, and even at 14 years of age was a proficient player, not only of stringed instruments, but also of the clarionet, oboe and flute, all of which he learned without the aid of a master. He subsequently had the advantage of playing under the old English leaders, Loder, Balfe, Cramer and others. He arrived in Victoria in 1854 in the Black Ball liner, the Indian Queen, commanded by Captain Mills, and was immediately engaged to take part in the concerts which were taking place at that time, and which were of a very high class character. He shortly became leader of the Philharmonic Society, and only during the last few years retired from the position. Mr. King was undoubtedly the father of the profession in this colony. He was twice married, his first wife and only daughter being among those who were lost by the sinking of the London in the Bay of Biscay some 29 years ago, as they were returning to Melbourne after a visit to England. During the rehearsal of the Melbourne Liedertafel on Monday night, Mr. H. J. King, the conductor, announced the death of his uncle, Mr. Edward King, who was the oldest musician in this colony, and for over 40 years had quietly and honestly served his art. The choir then sang its "death song," each member of the choir rising as a tribute of respect to a familiar and honored name.

"MUSIC. CONCERTS, &c.", The Australasian (3 November 1894), 31

"MUSICAL NOTES", The Advertiser (10 November 1894), 6



Elder brother of Thomas KING

KING, Henry John (senior)

Professor of music, vocalist, pianist, conductor, schoolmaster

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, ? 1854 (?1853), by 1855
Died Newcastle, NSW, 16 December 1888, aged 56


[Advertisement], The Argus (3 November 1857), 8

"Deaths", The Argus (19 December 1888), 1

[News], The Argus (19 December 1888), 7

The death is announced of Mr. H. J. King, one of a large family of musicians who established themselves in Melbourne as far back as 1854. The only one now living is Mr. Edward King, the violinist, of South Yarra. The late Mr. H. J. King had been living in retirement in Newcastle, New South Wales, recently, but was for nearly fifteen years the organist in St. James's Cathedral, Melbourne, and for about the same period of time professor of music in the Church of England Grammar School, which he entered on its foundation. Mr. King's eldest son is the composer of the cantata for the inauguration of the Melbourne Centennial Exhibition. Mr. King received his musical education in England, having studied for years with the late Dr. Corfe, and afterwards receiving lessons in orchestration from Sir Michael Costa.

"DEATH OF A MUSICIAN", Bendigo Advertiser (20 December 1888), 2

"Obituary: MR. H. J. KING", Australian Town and Country Journal (29 December 1888), 17


Younger brother of Edward KING and Thomas KING; father of Henry John KING (junior), Edward Mendelssohn Bach KING, and George Frederick KING 

KING, Thomas

Violinist, clarinettist, clarionet and viola player, bass vocalist

Born Clifton, Bristol, England
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1854 (? 1853)
Died Ballarat, VIC, 18 February 1881, aged 61


"LATEST INTELLIGENCE", Bendigo Advertiser (18 February 1881), 2

"LATEST INTELLIGENCE", Bendigo Advertiser (19 February 1881), 3

"DEATH OF AN OLD BALLARAT RESIDENT", Bendigo Advertiser (19 February 1881), 2

"LATEST INTELLIGENCE", Bendigo Advertiser (21 February 1881), 2

"THE LATE MR. THOMAS KING", The Mercury (22 February 1881), 2

The Ballarat Star reports that Mr. Thomas King, for many years a musical leader in theatres, died suddenly last week. "His history is the history of dramatic art in Ballarat. His arrival dates 26 years back, when, after some years' service as a musician in Melbourne, he came to Ballarat as clarionet player in the band at the Victoria Theatre, then owned by Messrs. Moodie and Smith. Lola Montes was the attraction at the theatre at the time. From the Victoria Mr. King went to the Montezuma as leader, "Johnny" Hydes being manager. Here he not only officiated as leader, but composed the music for a series of burlesques which were produced. From the Montezuma, he gravitated to the Royal, and there for years he led the orchestra. His experiences were various, and the story of his life from year to year would indeed be a perfect chronicle of theatrical affairs in our city. No playgoer will readily forget "poor Tom King;" no musician who ever served with him in an orchestra, no man who ever met with him apart from his occupation as a musician, not one person who knew him, will refuse the tribute of sorrow to one whose disposition was tempered by the art he loved, and rendered lovable and kindly. Mr, King was a native of Clifton, near Bristol, and was 61 years of age. He has many relatives in the colony. Mrs. A. T. Turner is his sister; Mr. Edward King, violinist, of Melbourne, his brother; and several relatives are well known in musical circles.

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 February 1882), 8


Younger brother of Edward KING; brother of Mrs. Austin T. TURNER


KING, George Frederick

Musician, composer

Active Launceston, TAS, by 1876
Died Mosman, VIC, 21 July 1924, aged 62


"POPULAR CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (19 September 1876), 3

"TASMANIAN TELEGRAMS. LAUNCESTON", The Mercury (23 June 1879), 2

"NEW SONG AND MUSIC", The Mercury (13 November 1878), 2

"AT THE SYDNEY EXHIBITION", The Mercury (17 December 1879), 3

"ROCKET RELIEF FUND CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (14 May 1880), 2

"THE SYDNEY EXHIBITION", Launceston Examiner (3 August 1880), 2

[News], The Argus (7 January 1893), 7

Mr. George Frederick King and Mr. E. M. B. King, brothers of Mr. H. J. King, the conductor of the Melbourne Liedertafel, leave Sydney for Europe and America this week, and it was resolved at a meeting of the musical committee of the Melbourne Liedertafel last night to accredit Mr. G. F. King and to give him representative powers during his tour. Mr. King has been requested to furnish the Liedertafel with details relating to musical life abroad, and to make special reference to music at the forthcoming Chicago Exhibition from a musician's point of view.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1924), 8

"OBITUARY. MR. G. F. KING", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1924), 8

Obituary: The death occurred recently at Mosman, at the age of 62, of Mr. George F. King, who for 32 years was a prominent musician in the northern district. A member of a well-known musical family, he proceeded to West Maitland as organist and choirmaster of St. Mary's Anglican Church in 1895. For 32 years he occupied the dual office. In 1917 he took up duty as choirmaster and organist at St. Clement's, Mosman. During his long residence in Maitland he associated himself with every movement that had for its object the advancement of music. He was conductor of several musical societies. He has left a widow, two sons, and one daughter. The funeral took place from his late residence, Wongalee, Raglan-street, Mosman.

KING, Mr. E. J. (Ernest)



Clarionet player

KING, Juliana (Miss Julia KING)

Infant vocalist

Died at sea, 11 January 1866

KING, Mrs. Frederick

Soprano vocalist

KING, Alfred Edward

Teacher of music (Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind)

Died Prahran, VIC, 2 June 1902, aged 64 years

KING, Henry John, junior

Organist, teacher of music, conductor, composer

Born South Melbourne, VIC, 1855 (son of H. J. King, sen.)
Died Southport, QLD, 27 June 1934

KING, Edward Mendelssohn Bach (son of H. J. King, sen.)

Musician, organist

Died Toronto, near Newcastle, NSW, 14 December 1918, aged 47


Vocalist (Seconda donna, Lyster's company)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Died San Francisco, USA, 14 June 1873



[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5


Bandsman, band leader (London Quadrille Band; European Band)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1859


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1859), 1

KING, Thomas


Active Goulburn and Bathurst, 1872


"THE GOULBURN VOLUNTEERS AND CAPTAIN ROSSI AGAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1872), 4

KING, William

Professor of Dancing

Active Sydney, 1840-42


Notably, in 1840 King was offering to teach his pupils the Australian quadrilles.


[Advertisement], The Colonist (2 May 1840), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (11 August 1840), 3

REMOVAL. AUSTRALIAN DANCING ACADEMY. WILLIAM KING. Professor of Dancing, George-street, South, Sydney. In respectfully intimating to his friends and the public, that he has removed to a more central and commodious house in Castlereagh-street, four doors from Market-street; cannot let the opportunity pass without acknowledging the kind feeling and patronage be has experienced since the opening of his Academy, and trusts by paying the most scrupulous and unremitting attention to the comfort and advancement of his pupils, to merit a continuance and even extension of that support, heretofore so liberally bestowed upon him. W. K. further wishes it to be known, that it is his intention to give a Quadrille party on the first Tuesday in each month, to which he respectfully invites his friends and patrons, and in order to maintain the respectability of the establishment notifies that no person will be admitted without a Ticket, which can be procured by applying at his rooms. The annexed is a list of the principal dances which W. K. proposes to teach at his new establishment, in the most fashionable style, viz- Caledonian Quadrilles, Lancers ditto, Mazurkas ditto, Paine's ditto, Royal Devonshire ditto, Lowe's ditto, Australian ditto, Red Coats ditto, Cuirassiers' ditto, Cambrian's ditto, Chivereau's, &c &c. &c. Highland Laddie, Country Dance, L'ete ditto, La Poole Anglaise ditto, Pieng's [? Paine's] Medley ditto, The Regeat ditto, St. Quintor ditto, Circle Waltzing, Tyrolese Waltz, Swiss ditto, Ecossoises, Spanish Dances; &c. &c. &c. Titans. For, one pupil £2 0s. 0d. per quarter Three of the same family. £5 0s. 0d., ditto Private instruction £3 3s. 0d..ditto Two Lessons each week.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (1 May 1841), 3

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Sydney Herald (21 June 1842), 2

KING, William

Pianoforte maker, seller and tuner (from John Broadwood and Sons)

Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 17 March 1881, aged 70


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 September 1860), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1863), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1864), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1869), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1879), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 January 1880), 7

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 March 1881), 1


Contralto vocalist, singing teacher

= Mrs. Kingsmill SHAW

= Miss Clara Helen COUSENS


Organ-Builder, Seraphine, and Pianoforte Maker

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by June 1839
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 June 1870, aged 75


One of Kinloch's organs, built originally for St. Andrew's Scots Church, c.1845, is now at (?) St. Mark's Hunter's Hill.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (17 June 1839), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (27 January 1840), 3

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (27 March 1840), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1870), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988


Clarionet player, bandsman (40th Regiment)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Died Melbourne, VIC, 6 December 1871, aged 35


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 June 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 August 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 February 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 December 1867), 8

[News], The Argus (25 June 1868), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (7 December 1871), 4

"INQUESTS", The Argus (8 December 1871), 7

KIRK, John

Parish clerk

Born Ireland, c.1790
Active Prospect, NSW, c.1820s
Died Parramatta, NSW, 9 March 1855


Census of NSW, 1828

Parish Clerk at Prospect with seven horses

"SWINDLING AND OUTRANGES", The Australian (19 June 1829), 3 

SWINDLING AND OUTRAGES. As one Mr. Kirk, who formerly discharged the peaceful function of parish clerk at Prospect, and is a man not meanly skilled in the divine art of psalmody, but who has exchanged his vocation to be a sub-superintendent to Mr. Superintendent Plunkett at Liverpool, happened to be travelling thence into Sydney, one evening during this or the finishing part of last week, about 4 p.m., he just stepped in to have a refresh at Jackson's on the road, where he was bountifully received and he agreed to have a bed for the night . . .


Music teacher

Active Bacchus Marsh, VIC, 1867-68
Died South Yarra, VIC, 26 April 1888, in her 68th year

KISSOCK, Lizzie (Miss)

Music teacher

Active Bacchus Marsh, VIC, by 1880
Died South Yarra, VIC, 19 February 1886, aged 24


[Advertisement], The Bacchus Marsh Express (17 August 1867), 2

[Advertisement], The Bacchus Marsh Express (23 November 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Bacchus Marsh Express (1 August 1868), 1

[Advertisement], The Bacchus Marsh Express (29 May 1880), 2 

"DEATH", The Bacchus Marsh Express (20 February 1886), 2 

"DEATHS", The Bacchus Marsh Express (28 April 1888), 2 

KITTS, James E. (J. E. KITTS)

Bass vocalist, guitarist, banjoist, minstrel performer (New York Serenaders), opera singer, theatrical manager

Arrived Tasmania, by March 1851
Died Carlton, VIC, 30 March 1894


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1851), 133

"THE SERENADERS", Colonial Times (1 April 1851), 2

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (5 July 1851), 3

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1853), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 September 1854), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (5 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1860), 8

"PRINCE OF WALES", Bell's Life in Sydney (2 April 1864), 2

The great event of the week was, however, the revival of "The Huguenots", in which we are happy to record the great and unqualified success of Mr J. E. Kitts, who succeeded Mr. Farquharson in the arduous part of Marcel. It is but an act of justice to this deserving and painstaking artiste that he sang and acted with a taste and impressiveness that left nothing to be desired. He looked the old soldier to the life, and his fine bass voice shewed to the utmost advantage; his "Piff Paff", being enthusiastically redemanded, and we gladly record this tribute to his well-deserved triumph.

"DEATHS", The Argus (31 March 1894), 1

"DRAMATIC AND MUSICAL NOTES", Launceston Examiner (4 April 1894), 3

The tidings of the death of Mr. J. E. Kitts, who was so well-known in theatrical circles, will be received with regret by the many Tasmanians who knew the genial old fellow. He landed originally from California at George Town in a brig somewhere in the fifties, and was a member of one of the very first Christy Minstrel companies that appeared in this city. Subsequently for a number of years he was connected with the Melbourne Opera House, when that place of amusement was under the management of the late William S. Lyster. Of late years Mr Kitts frequently visited Launceston, the last time as a business manager for Miss Myra Kemble. 

KLAUER, Friedrich Wilhelm August

Band musician, composer, arranger, publican

Born Gloina, Germany, 1829
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1866
Died North Adelaide, SA, 17 August 1906


[Illustration]: "THE LATE MR. F. W. A. KLAUER", Chronicle (25 August 1906), 31  


"THE VOLUNTEER FORCE", South Australian Register (10 July 1866), 3

"THE GALATEA BAND", South Australian Register (25 April 1868), 6

... Mr. August Klauer, a private in the Adelaide Regimental Band, arranged and forwarded to the Duke of Edinburgh one or two pieces of music for the Galatea Band, one of which-The Queen's Letter-His Royal Highness requested to be supplied with.

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. G. LODER", South Australian Register (17 July 1868), 2

"DEATH OF MR. F. W. A. KLAUER. A STIRLING CAREER", The Register (18 August 1906), 7

Mr. Frederick William Augustus Klauer, late landlord of the White Hart Hotel, Hindley street, died on Friday evening at the North Adelaide Private Hospital. The deceased, who was 76 years of age, was for over 20 years a member of the Adelaide City Council. Born at Gloina, Germany, in 1829, at the age of 19 he enlisted in the Kaiser's army, and saw considerable service in skirmishes against the revolutionary Socialists. At Baden he was pre- sent at the taking of Restadt. He there received a bayonet wound in the thigh. Mr. Klauer afterwards spent some months in England and the United States, but hearing glowing accounts of Australia, returned to Liverpool and took a passage for Melbourne as a member of a German band, his funds having become exhausted. He walked from Geelong to Ballarat, and there joined a band which was formed in connection with the Eureka Stockade incident, to play the diggers up to the scene of what proved a tragic encounter with the Government troops. At the Ovens diggings subsequently his party struck a pocket of gold and took out 80 oz. A run of luck followed, and each of the four men made £500 in a month. Mr. Klauer next went to the Indigo diggings, and there had a narrow escape with his life, for through the falling of a prop he was buried four hours in the drive. A boulder fell over him, and just allowed room for him to breathe. Returning from the Crackenback diggings his party was snowed up for three days at the loot of Mount Kosciusko. The deceased was present at Lambing Flat, now the township of Young, when a riot occurred between Chinese and English diggers, and the former were burned out of their tents by the latter. Several diggers   were wounded with sabre cuts inflicted by the police, and a bullet fired by a trooper struck a prop against which Mr. Klauer was leaning. The deceased used to tell many interesting stories of the old mining days ... Mr. Klauer returned to the Ovens from Lambing Flat, and there lost every penny of his money on a claim, at Christmas Town, near Rutherglen. He moved from place to place on the various fields, and recovered his lost fortune to some extent. Then he joined an American circus, with which he came to Adelaide. His musical instinct led him to join the Theatre Royal orchestra, and he also played in other bands. Mr. Klauer was landlord successfully of the Clarendon, the Lady Fergusson, and the White Hart Hotels for over 30 years, and was the oldest publican in Adelaide. He was a prominent Freemason, having been a Past Master of the Duke of Leinster Lodge, Provincial Sub-Prior of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. Palestine, Rhodes, and Malta, and a Grand Prelate of the Order of Knight Templars.

"BAND ASSOCIATION", The Advertiser (21 August 1906), 9

"OBITUARY", Chronicle (25 August 1906), 47

Mr. Frederick William August Klauer of Hilton, died at the North Adelaide private hospital on August 17. Mr. Klauer, who was born of German parents in Yorkshire 76 years ago, was one of the best known men in Adelaide. For many years he kept the White Hart Hotel in Hindley-street and for two decades he represented Gawler ward in the Adelaide City Council. He was a great supporter of manly sports, especially rowing, and he identified himself also with the Locomotive Band, which he accompanied last year to the Ballarat competitions. He had for some years lived a retired life on his estate at Hilton, but be still retained interests in various commercial enterprises in the city. He will be greatly missed in many quarters, his genial disposition making him a general favorite. 

KLEE, Henry Green


Died Sydney, NSW, January 1867


"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (), 4

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1867), 8


Violinist (? watchmaker)

Active Queensland, 1860s


[Advertisement], The Darling Downs Gazette (27 February 1862), 3

"THE CONCERTS AT THE ARGYLE ROOMS", The Darling Downs Gazette (6 March 1862), 3

[News], The Courier (22 December 1863), 2

Mr. Klein re-appeared and confirmed the good opinion we before expressed of him. We have been informed that this gentleman was well connected with the orchestra of the Prince of Wales Opera House, at Sydney, during the sojourn of the Lyster troupe in that city. 

[News, The Brisbane Courier (15 November 1864), 2

A novelty in the entertainment was the performance of a violin solo, by Herr Klein, an amateur, who certainly possesses musical ability of a very high order.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1870), 8

"ALL SAINTS CHURCH", The Brisbane Courier (18 November 18960, 4

"MUSICAL UNION CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (6 December 1905), 6

KLEIN, Max (Maximilian KLEIN)

Violinist (Centennial Orchestra)

Born Norwich, England, April 1858
Active Australia, 1888
Died Cairo, Egypt, 14 October 1894, aged 36 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"MUSICAL NOTES", The Express and Telegraph (27 October 1894), 6 

Musical people will be sorry to hear of the death of Mr. Max Klein, violinist in the original Cowen orchestra. He suffered from consumption in Melbourne, and feared he should never outlive his brother Phillip, who died before him of the same disease.


Brother of Herman Klein

KNIGHT, Troy (Richard)

Vocalist, songwriter, banjo player, composer

Active Victoria, by March 1850
Died Lidcombe, NSW, 1 August 1912, aged 85


Troy Knight appeared in concert with Sara Flower, Joseph Megson and Thomas Reed in Geelong in March 1850. Among his own material, in Launceston in November 1850, he sang his ballad The fire fly ("Written and sung by Troy Knight"), and in Adelaide in August 1853, Uncle Tom ("written, composed, and sung of this occasion only, by Troy Knight").


[Advertisement], The Argus (9 March 1850),  2

"Den carry me back to ole Virgini", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 September 1850), 635

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (6 November 1850), 11

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 August 1853), 2

"TROY KNIGHT", South Australian Register (23 September 1886), 5

 "BY THE WAY ... Mr. Troy Knight writes", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 August 1904), 22

"DEATH OF AN OLD WIMMERAITE", The Horsham Times (2 August 1912), 5

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (17 August 1912), 18

"THE LATE TROY KNIGHT", The Horsham Times (5 November 1912), 6

A cutting from the Sydney Mail of April 19, 1902, gives on account of an interesting interview with the late Mr. Richard Troy Knight, one of the oldest identities of Horsham. At the time of the interview Mr. Knight was 72 years of age, and his vigorous health of that time was referred to as something of interest in view of the fact that he was one of the artists who sang with the late Madam Sara Flower in the days when Australia was young. The cutting of the interview, embellished by a portrait of the late Mr. Knight, is treasured very highly by his daughter, Mrs. H. G. Swindells, of Horsham. In the narrative given by the deceased of his career are some stirring incidents of the strenuous times spent on the stage with Sarah Flower, Mrs. Deering. Julia Harland, Madame Carandini, Joe Small, Walter Sherwin, Lola Montez, Mrs. Crosby, Carry Nelson and G. V. Brooke. Writing of the trip which he had to San Francisco, Mr. Knight said: "There was too much revolver practice in 'Frisco then. I saw three men shot and one hung for killing a poor old man, a storekeeper in Montgomery-street, in broad day light. A little girl looking through the shop window saw the murderer bash the old man's head in with a tomahawk, and afterwards rob the till and the dead man's pockets. The murderer was taken back to the shop, and the crowd cut a length of rope from the coil lying close to the murdered man. The vigilantee committee held a short open-air trial, and the ruffian was hung on the scene within 30 minutes of the murder."


Amateur musician, church musician, Anglican priest

Born England, 2 June 1763 (? 1762)
Arrived Port Phillip, NSW (VIC), October 1803
Died TAS, 17 September 1838, aged 76

Summary (after Stephens & Boyce):

As incumbent of St. David's Church, Hobart, Knopwood introduced choral and instrumental music and the chanting of the psalms and canticles. He formed a small choir from the military and civil establishment. In May 1821 purchased a violoncello for the church for £5, and in 1825 acquired for it an 8-stop pipe organ, built by John Gray of London, the first to be installed in any Australian church. At the organ's inauguration in St. David's in May 1825, Knopwood, who had since moved from to Rokeby (where he was appointed rector in 1826), returned to preach on the place of music in worship, taking as his text Psalm 57, v.9: "Awake up, my glory; awake, my lute and harp", mentioning psalm setting then popular by Aldrich, Clarke and Blow, and recalling attending the Handel Commemoration at Westminster Abbey in 1784. The organ remained in St. David's until 1857, and since then has been the organ of St. Matthew's, Rokeby.


"COLONIAL REVENUE OF VAN DIEMEN'S LAND", Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (15 November 1823), 2 Supplement

CLERICAL [expenses] . . . Repairing Bass Viol. [£] 1 0 0

"AN ODE. Address to the Organ of St. David's Church", Hobart Town Gazette (13 May 1825), 3

[News], Colonial Times (18 September 1838), 6

"The Reverend Mr. Knopwood", Colonial Times (25 September 1838), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Linda Monks, Knopwood, Robert (1763-1838), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Geoffrey Stephens, Anglican Church in Tasmania, and Knopwood: a biography

Boyce, God and the city: a history of St. David's Cathedral (2012), 18-19, 224 notes 30-33


Amateur vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1840s
Died Adelaide, SA, 21 October 1850, in his 44th year


"THE CORPORATION", South Australian Register (25 June 1842), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (7 November 1843), 3

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 November 1843), 3

"SAINT PATRICK'S SOCIETY. ANNUAL DINNER", South Australian Register (3 May 1850), 2

"DIED", South Australian Register (22 October 1850), 2


Vocalist, actor, theatre manager

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 April 1830 (per Wanstead)
Active Sydney, NSW, by March 1833
Died Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 9 May 1844 (NLA persistent identifier)

KNOWLES, Harriet

Vocalist, actor

See Harriet JONES


Knowles was acting in Sydney theatre by March 1833, and in April he and his future wife Harriet Jones "sang the comic duett of Pretty Polly Hopkins" between the plays. According to Oppenheim, the pair also appeared as Mrs. Love and Mr. Cooper (e.g. billed in the same month, April 1833). When Knowles and the Gazette's collector William Aldis first appeared in concert in Sydney in January 1835, the Monitor counted both of them as musical amateurs:

We are not aware what caused Messrs. Knowles and Aldis to quit their ordinary professions and turn public singers. Their voices are not suitable for a concert room. However they appeared to have been diligent in practicing, and got through their parts creditably.

Perhaps they were members of the choir of the Catholic chapel, which also sang at the concert, for Knowles, as well as singing a solo song, was also soloist in a double chorus by Purcell. Knowles was later manager of the theatre, a popular Shylock and and Australia's first professional Hamlet.


[News], The Hobart Town Courier (17 April 1830), 2

"TASMANIAN NEWS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 May 1830), 3

[News], The Sydney Monitor (23 March 1833), 2

"THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (17 April 1833), 2

"THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (22 April 1833), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 March 1834), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 March 1834), 1

"MR. GORDONOCITCH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1835), 2

"CONCERT", The Australian (23 January 1835), 2

"The Concert", The Sydney Monitor (24 January 1835), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 March 1835), 3

"PROJECTED DEPARTURES", The Sydney Monitor (24 May 1837), 2

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 October 1838), 2

"THE LATE MR. CONRAD KNOWLES", The Australian (4 June 1844), 3

"AUSTRALIAN STAGE. FAMOUS PLAYERS OF THE PAST", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1912), 7

"OLD THEATRES OF MELBOURNE", Illustrated Australian News (1 Augst 1890), 10

Bibliography and resources:

H. L. Oppenheim, Knowles, Conrad Theodore (1810-1844), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

KNOX, William Robert

Organist, composer

Born Adelaide, SA, 21 July 1861
Died 7 September 1933, aged 72


"NEW MUSIC", The Advertiser (10 April 1894), 6

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (7 September 1933), 14

"Order For Administration in Bankruptcy", The Advertiser (20 January 1934), 18 

Musical works:

Gladys gavotte ("pour piano par W. R. Knox") (Adelaide: P. A. Howells & Co., [189-])

Tarantelle in E mineur ("pour piano par W. R. Knox") (Adelaide: P. A. Howells & Co., [189-])


Professor of Music

Born 22 November 1801
Arrived Nelson, NZ, 30 January 1850 (per Berkshire, from London, 4 October 1849)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1853
Died Nelson, NZ, by 1878

Edmund Knyvett


Kynvett was a grandson of Charles Knyvett (1752-1822), alto singer at the Handel Commemoration of 1784, a gentleman of the Chapel Royal from 1786 and organist from 1822, and father of Charles, Henry, and William (1779-1856). Edmund's father Charles (1773-1852) studied under Samuel Webbe and was organist of St. George's, Hanover Square, from 1802, and with William, and Greatorex and James Bartleman was director of the Hanover Square Concerts.

Edmund was insolvent in 1846, and shortly afterward (allowing for some possible confusion among the Knyvetts) was reportedly the first music teacher of the painter William Blake Richmond (1842-1921), a sickly child who was meanwhile receiving general tutoring at home from Ruskin: "The musical training bestowed on him was of the most thorough description. His first lesson was given to him by old Edmund Knyvett, who was one of Haydn's pupils. He used to go to York Street dressed in a blue coat, with brass buttons and shorts, and play Mozart's and Haydn's fugues and sonatas upon one of those charming tinkling little pianos made about 150 years ago." ("Sir William Richmond and his work", The Review of Reviews (20 December 1902), 588:

Edmund, aged 49, and described as a "farmer", arrived in New Zealand in January 1850 with his wife Emma, 42, and 11 children. he was in Sydney in mid-1853, and at St. Mark's Collegiate Institution in Alexandria in October 1853: "THE department of Music, Vocal and Instrumental, in the above institution has been undertaken by Edmund Knyvett, Esq., (so well known in musical circles in England,) formerly deputy organist at St. George's, Hanover Square, afterwards organist at St. Peter's, Pimlico, and now organist of St. Mark's Church, Alexandria" (music was later taken over at the school by Charles W. Harwood).

He was back in Nelson, New Zealand by 1855, and last advertised as a music teacher there in 1873. A death notice for a William Knyvett appeared in Sydney in September 1857. Edmund died in NZ sometime between 1873 and 1877.


"2009. PATRICK BOURKE was indicted for stealing, on the 11th of August, 1 tent, value 15s., the goods of Edmund Knyvett", Old Bailey Proceedings (17 August 1840), 610

"INSOLVENCY CERTIFICATES", The Jurist (7 February 1846), 45

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Nelson Examiner (2 February 1850), 191

"LIST OF PERSONS qualified to server as JURORS", Nelson Examiner (7 February 1852), 4

[Advertisement], Nelson Examiner (22 May 1852), 49

"NELSON PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Nelson Examiner (2 October 1852), 126

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1853), 3

MUSICAL INSTRUCTION. - Mr. EDMUND KNYVETT, Professor of Music in London for a period of 25 years, begs to inform the public of 8ydney that he is desirous of giving instruction in Pianoforte - playing, and Singing. Mr. E. Knyvett is nephew to the celebrated William Knyvett, organist and composer to her Majesty, conductor of the Concerts of Ancient Music, &c, of the York and Birmingham festivals. Mr. E. Knyvett was for many years deputy organist of St. George's, Hanover-square, and afterwards organist of St. Peter's, Belgrave-square. The following extract from a speech of Mr. Justice Chapman, is from the Wellington Spectator, - "The name of one Nelson Settler, Knyvett, is a guarantee for good taste, especially in good old English and sacred music." Double Bay, July, 1853.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1853), 1

"DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 September 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Colonist (10 January 1871), 4

[Removals from electoral roll], Colonist (8 May 1877), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Knyvett, Charles, and Knyvett, William, Dictionary of national biography 31 (1885-1900)

Thanks (September 2013) to Linda Burge for information and the photograph reproduced above.



Active Melbourne, VIC, 1860


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 February 1859), 3

"CITY COURT", The Argus (17 January 1859), 6

 "MELBOURNE NEWS", Bendigo Advertiser (25 February 1859), 2

 "CITY COURT", The Argus (26 May 1860), 6


Adam Plock

KOHLER, Richard Wildblood

Professor of the Horn, Cornopean, Cornet-a-Piston, Concertina, French Flageolet, Guitar, Rock Harmonicon, &c.

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853; Adelaide until 1881



Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 22 June 1856 (per Shalimar, from Liverpool, 23 March)


Richard Kohler played first horn in the band of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society in November and December 1854. He was a leading soloist in the band of the Theatre Royal in 1855, along with Creed Royal. He toured with Lavenu in 1857, and in 1858, he and his brother, J. W. Kohler (arrived 1856), made their first joint appearance. The brothers were still playing together when they appeared in Sydney in 1879, and Richard was active in Adelaide in 1880 and 1881. Richard was in court in New Zealand in 1864. A late documented public appearance was with Compton's Opera Company in Perth in May 1881.


[Advertisement], The Argus (1 November 1854), 8

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (30 July 1855), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (1 August 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 September 1855), 3

"MUSICAL INSTRUCTION", The Argus (25 September 1855), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL. MISS CATHERINE HAYES", The Argus (28 September 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 March 1856), 10

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (23 June 1856), 4

"IMPORTS", The Argus (24 June 1856), 4

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (1 December 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 April 1858), 8

[Advertisement], The Press (16 March 1864), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1879), 2

"SYDNEY INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1879), 5

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (1 April 1881), 1

[Advertisement], The West Australian (17 May 1881), 3

Images: The Illustrated Melbourne Post (Samuel Calvert)

Stebbings and Kohler: William Horace Stebbings, violinist and teacher of same with companion and fellow musician Richard Wildblood Kohler, an ex-military band member by way of Mauritius who settled in Australia and New Zealand. Photo taken in New Zealand and labelled, Professor Stebbings and his friend "Concertina Dick".


Chinese musician

Active Ballarat, 1863


[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

At about nine o'clock Mr. Lang, the assiduous president of the institute, brought up to the orchestra a band of some tea or a dozen Chinese, whose services he had enlisted in the good cause. It had been announced that Mr. Ah Coon, the Government interpreter, would favor the company with songs in the Malay, Amoy, and Chin Choo dialects, but Mr. Ah Coon, it appears, did not feel himself in sufficiently robust health to trust his reputation as a vocalist to the hazard of an attempt that evening, confining himself to heralding to the audience the performances of his compatriots. With Chinese music and musical instruments our readers are somewhat familiar, but we dare say they will not be sorry to have the comments of an explanatory paper handed to us on Saturday evening by the president. From this we learn that Ge Sin played on the Kong-wai. The drums covered with buffalo skins were played by Ah Kow, and the gong by Le Tak. The Chinese guitar, or moot-kem, a flat circular instrument with four strings, played on by means of a small piece of bone, was manipulated by Lee-Sem. Wee-Pin played with bone the Sam-yen, a guitar like instrument of three strings, the sounding board being covered with snake-skin. The pan-ewoo, a flat disc of wood for the purpose of keeping time, was beaten by sticks. The shap-ar, a small oblong piece of hardwood six inches by three, was also used for marking time. Wee Pin played the cymbals or cha, well known to dwellers in Ballarat East. Lee Tak also played the gong or laur,  "very effective", as Mr. Lang says, "in producing loud music". Lee Yeng and Lee Chok played the tee-uh or tuk-tie, which produced sounds similar to the Scotch bagpipes, or Scotch organ, as Ah Coon calls the instrument. As we have before stated, Mr. Ah Coon did not sing, but Lee Tak and Kong Wai did. The first sang in his natural voice, and the second in falsetto; but, owing to the ponderousness of the accompaniment, neither could be heard. At the conclusion of the songs, the party retired amidst the applause which courtesy, if not appreciation demanded.

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3

KOPP, Julius

Professor of Music and Singing, violinist, organist, orchestra leader

Active Brisbane, QLD, by 1863
Died (suicide) Brisbane, QLD, 6 January 1866


[Advertisement], The Courier (10 October 1863), 6

[News], The Courier (22 December 1863), 2

The concert given by Miss Kramer and Mr. Julius Kopp, last evening, in the School of Arts was a very excellent one, and worthy of the distinguished patronage under which it had been announced. From some cause, his Excellency the Governor and Lady Bowen, though expected to be present, were not in attendance; and the audience, select and appreciative, was not so numerous as we could have desired. We cannot, however, allow this occasion to pass without congratulating the public upon the acquisition of musical talent which we recognise in the person of Mr. Kopp, who is a violinist of a high order. He is a composer also, his first performance being the "Young Australia" Polonnaise, dedicated by him to Captain Phillips who has just left us. It might be regarded as an indication of something like vanity on the part of the "artiste" that he gave precedence to his own work when the names of some of the great masters appeared on the programme; but let us look upon this act as a manifestation of gratitude for his safe conveyance from "Vaderland" to the wide territory of Queensland, or as a peace offering of the first fruits of his genius to the country of his adoption. Mr. Kopp had not before appeared in Brisbane, but the way in which he has been praised in Ipswich, where he made his "debut," led us to expect something superior at his hands. It is unnecessary that we should say anything as to the merits of his composition as such; but of his performances on the violin we can speak with pleasure. A fantasia ("Il Trovatore") by Alard, was rendered with a decision of touch and brilliancy of execution that have never been equalled in this colony as, also, was Artot's "Souvenir de Bellini" ...

[News], The Courier (23 December 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (12 July 1864), 1

"INQUEST", The Brisbane Courier (9 January 1866), 2

[News], The Brisbane Courier (9 January 1866), 2

The remains of the late Julius Kopp, who perhaps held the highest position in this colony as a musician, were conveyed to the Church of England portion of the Brisbane Cemetery yesterday afternoon. As a proof of the respect in which the deceased was hold by all who knew him, we may mention that the Rev. Mr. Mosely, formerly the incumbent of the Fortitude Valley Church, where Mr. Kopp acted as organist, and also the Rev. Mr. Matthews, the present incumbent of the same church, were present at the funeral ... The hearse containing the body of the deceased was followed not only by a large number of his countrymen (Germans), but also by all the male members of the corps dramatique of the Victoria Theatre, the leadership of the orchestra of which was most ably represented by the deceased. After the magnificent service of the Church of England had been read, tho members of the German Liedertafel sang the "Hymne an der Nicht", which was composed by the late Mr. Kopp, and arranged by Mr. B. Simmons. ...

"QUEENSLAND", Launceston Examiner (16 January 1866)

Mr. Julius Kopp, the leader of the orchestra of the theatre, shot himself through the head yesterday.


Pianist, composer

Born Paris, France, 1841
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 1 September 1880 (per Australia, from San Francisco)
Returned to Europe, 1882-85
Arrived (2) Adelaide, SA, 1 July 1885 (per Carthage, from London)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 7 November 1896 (for Europe)
Died Bordeaux, France, 8 July 1916 (TROVE public tag) (NLA persistent identifier)




Kowalski came to Australia for the Melbourne Exhibition of 1880-81. The world premiere season of his opera Vercingetorix at Sydney's Garden Palace opening on 31 March 1881 was followed by a performance in Melbourne. With his friend the writer Marcus Clarke (who died in August 1881) as librettist for most of the work, he wrote an opera Moustique, reportedly premiered in Belgium in 1883 (see Kowalski's letter to the editor of July 1889 for details of the collaboration). One song only from the score was published, We banish love (1881). Under the composer's direction, the Sydney Philharmonic first played the overture of Moustique in March 1886 and a Sydney production followed in 1889. At his Sydney farewell in September 1896 he gave the first performance of his new Piano concerto in C minor, with orchestra conducted by John Delaney.


[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 September 1880), 5

"SHIPPING ARRIVALS", Australian Town and Country Journal (4 September 1880), 36

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (2 April 1881), 13

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1881), 7

"KOWALSKI'S EXHIBITION CONCERTS", The Argus (15 August 1881), 6

"VERCINGETORIX", The Argus (22 September 1881), 7

"VERCINGETORIX", The Argus (26 September 1881), 6

"SOUTH AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1885), 12

"THE SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1886), 9

"ART, MUSIC, AND THE DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1889), 7

"AMUSEMENTS. 'MOUSTIQUE' AT THE OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1889), 10

"ROUND ABOUT THE THEATRES", Illustrated Sydney News (11 July 1889), 23

"LIBRETTO OF MOUSTIQUE. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1889), 8

"M. Henri Kowalski", Australian Town and Country Journal (23 November 1895), 25

"M. KOWALSKI'S ORATORIO", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1895), 10

"ORATORIO - FUTURE LIFE", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 December 1895), 6

"THE KOWALSKI FAREWELL", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1896), 10

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (9 November 1896), 4

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1916), 8

"PERSONAL", The Argus (26 September 1916), 6

"THE KOWALSKI FAREWELL", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1896), 3

Colonial works and publications:

The belles of Melbourne (valse de salon) (Melbourne : W.H. Glen & Co., [1880])

Vercingetorix, or, Love and patriotism ([libretto]"a lyric drama in three acts /by Henri Kowalski; the English libretto by J. Lake") (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1881)

We banish love (from Moustique; words by Marcus Clarke) (Melbourne: Nicholson, [1881])

Wilt thou be mine (words by Albert G. Dawes; "The only melody written in Australia by H. Kowalski; Dedicated to Mr Armes Beaumont" (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., [1885])

Nuit Australienne, op. 76 (valse pour piano) (Mayence: B. Schott; Sydney : Schott, [1886])

Spring song (words by Longfellow) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [1886] )

Festal Lyric ("the pope's episcopal jubilee, 1843-1893") (Sydney: French Musical Instrument Depot, [1893])

Dawn and dusk ("words written by H. H.") in The Australian musical album 1894 (Sydney: W.J. Banks, 1894)

Twilight of love (song;  with accomp. of violin or violoncello words by Gilbert Parker; music by Henri Kowalski (Sydney: The French Musical Instruments Depot., [1895])

The future life (La vie future) (oratorio; lib. Garran) [1895]

For memory (words by May Kendall) ([Sydney]: Gordon & Gotch, [1896])

Marche hongroise : pour piano, op. 13 (Melbourne: W.H. Glen & Co., [18--])

O Jesus! open wide thy heart (Sydney: Batson & Co., [18--])

KOWARZIK, Francis Frederick (Francis Frederick KOWARZIK; KOWARSIK)

Professor of Music, violinist ("The Van Diemen's Land Paganini"), vocalist, Spanish guitar player, composer

Born Vienna, ? 1813; c. 1810
Arrived TAS, by 1839
Died Launceston, TAS, 7 August 1883, aged 73 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Pianist, organist, teacher of the piano, farmer

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), ? 1846
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1931 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

KOWARZIK, Frederick Ferdinand

Amateur violinist, pianist

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), c.1847
Died Liyldale, TAS, 17 September 1911, aged 64 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (7 November 1839), 2

MONSIEUR KOWARZIK, Professor of MUSIC, intending during the Summer Vacation at Ellinthorpe, to make a Tour of the Island, families who wish to have their Piano Fortes tuned, can avail themselves of the opportunity by applying early in December, (if by letter post-paid)

Advertisement], The Courier (3 November 1840), 1

"BALL AND CONCERT", The Courier (6 November 1840), 4


[Launceston news], Colonial Times (11 May 1841), 4

[News], Launceston Examiner (1 April 1843), 4

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (22 September 1849), 882

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (26 September 1849), 890

[News], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 December 1858), 4

Petition for naturalisation, 1861; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:447430; CSD1/1/142/5267 (DIGITISED)

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (5 January 1871), 6 

MR. EDMUND KOWARZIK, Quadrant, will be happy to receive a limited number of pupils for instruction on pianoforte. Terms moderate.

Registration of death, 7 August 1883; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1165438; RGD35/1/52 no 252 (DIGITISED)

"Deaths", Launceston Examiner (8 August 1883), 1

Will and probate, Francis Frederick Kowarzik, 1883; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:662790; AD961/1/6 

"UPPER PIPER", The Tasmanian (16 February 1884), p. 13 

Mr. J. W. Wolfe was voted to the chair, when addresses were given by the chairman and Mr. F. Wills; followed by pianoforte duet by E. and F. Kowarzik, cornet1 solo by Mr. F. Watchtershauser, of Longford, violin solo by Mr. F. Kowarzik, with piano accompaniment by Mr. E, Kowarzik. The music was composed by the late F. F. Kowarzik from selections of the opera "Sonnambula." Mr. Watchtershauser gave several pieces on the cornet, accompanied on the piano by Mr. E. Kowarzik, which were a treat. Dialogues by Kowarzik brothers, and reading, recitation, and songs were rendered by ...

Bibliography and resources:

G. F. Stilwell, "Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark of Ellinthorp Hall", Tasmanian Historical Research Association 11/3 (April 1963), 72-109 (83-84, 101 note 18)

KRAMER, Madame


KRAMER, Marie (Maria KRAMER, Mary KRAMER; Johanna Henrietta Marie KRAMER; Mrs. J. C. ELLIS; Marie ELLIS)

Alpine and Tyrolese vocalist

Born Altona, Denmark (Germany), c.1843 (daughter of the above)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by August 1855
Active South Australia and Queensland, 1862-63
Married James Cole Ellis (1843-1930), 1864
Active Newcastle, NSW, from 1868 to 1890s
Died Penguin, Ulverstone, TAS, 1907

See also HAIMBERGER family


Marie Kramer arrived in Australia with her mother and stepfather, Julius Haimberger, in 1855. Together the family toured widely, performing as the "Tyrolean Minstels" in mixed programs of folkloric and light classical music, until late 1863. In Brisbane in December that year, she gave her first solo concerts with pianist Julius Kopp, and early in 1864 was enlisted in the Lyster company during its Queensland visit. In March and April she was a minor principal with the company in Sydney and Melbourne, appearing as Lisa in Lucrezia Borgia (Lucy Escott in the title role), Teresa in La sonnambula (Escott) and Thisbe in Rossini's Cinderella (Rosalie Durand).

She married the merchant and future parliamentarian James Cole Ellis in Melbourne in June 1864, and in 1865 resumed public singing as chorister and oratorio soloist with the Emerald Hill Philharmonic Society. In 1866 she first appeared as an oratorio soloist in Ballarat, and into 1867 as principal soprano with the Melbourne Philharmonic.

The Ellises moved to Newcastle, NSW, in mid 1868, and she presented occasional concerts and sang in public there until the end of the decade. Through the 1870s, 1880s, and 1890s, Marie Ellis was a leading figure in Newcastle charities. They retired to Tasmania, where she died in 1907, predceasing her husband by over 20 years.

Many thanks (2017): To Kurt Ganzl for sharing details of Marie Kramer's marriage and death.


[Advertisement], Süd Australische Zeitung (13 August 1862), 3

[Advertisement], Süd Australische Zeitung (24 September 1862), 3

[News], The Courier (22 December 1863), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (10 June 1864), 4 

ELLIS - KRAMER. - At St. Luke's Church, Emerald-hill, by the Rev. R. B. Dickinson, James C. Ellis, to Marie, eldest daughter of the late Ernest Kramer, Esq., of Altona, Denmark.

"BALLAARAT", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (7 July 1866), 2 

The Ballaarat Harmonic Society announced a grand secular concert to take place on the 27th inst, when "Acis and Galatea," from Handel's Serenata, and Romberg's "Lay of the Bell" will be presented. Mrs. J. C. Ellis is announced as principal soprano, Mr. J. Robson, as usual, to be conductor.

"The Metropolitan Stage", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (21 July 1866), 2 

The oratorio was Handel's "Judas Maccabeeus" ... Mrs. J. C. Ellis was the soprano of the evening, and acquitted herself in a most satisfactory manner. She is possessed of a sweet expressive voice, and an earnest style of singing, which are admirably adapted to semi-sacred music. I believe this lady has sung at suburban amateur concerts with great success, but this is her first attempt in connection with the Philharmonic Society. Her singing of "Pious orgies" impressed me very favourably, and the subsequent airs, "From mighty kings," and "So shall the lute and harp," were sung in such an appropriate and feeling manner, as to gain her a place with the best of our oratorio singers. The society have shown sound judgment in entrusting to Mrs. Ellis the music of which she was so worthy an expositor on Tuesday evening.

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (23 January 1867), 5 

... The report of the committee upon the proceedings of the past year was read by the secretary ... The principal vocalists who appeared at the concerts during the year had been - Mrs. J. C. Ellis, Miss M. A. Liddell, Miss Ivey, Mrs. Perraton, Mr. C. A. Donaldson, Mr. W. H. Williams, Mr. E. Exon, Signor Castelli, Mr. G. E. Labertouche, Mr. C. Blanchard, Mr. E. Amery, and Mr. S. Angus ...

"CONCERT IN THE CITY HALL", The Newcastle Chronicle (10 June 1868), 3 

We see by our advertising columns that on Monday next, we are to be favoured with a great musical performance, in the City Hall, in which Mrs. Ellis (formerly known in the musical world as Miss Marie Kramer) will take the leading parts, assisted by two gentlemen from Sydney. Mrs. Ellis has, of late years, resided in Melbourne, where she held the position of leading soprano in the Melbourne Philharmonic and Ballarat Harmonic Societies. We understand that Mrs. Ellis intends to settle here, and we may congratulate the public of Newcastle on such a aquisition, as she may be the means of fostering a greater ctivity amongst our local amateurs ...

"DEATHS", Examiner (27 August 1907), 1 

ELLIS. - On the 25th Inst., at "Lehara," Penguin, the wife of J. C. Ellis, aged 61.

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Queenslander (7 August 1909), 35

Bibliography and resources:

KRETSCHMANN, Joseph (Josef)

Violinist (first violin of the Grand Ducal Opera House of Carlsruhe, Baden), composer

Born Kommatau, near Prague, 1837/8
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by January 1877
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 April 1918, aged 80


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1877), 2

"SYDNEY MUSICAL UNION SOCIETY", Evening News (26 January 1877), 2

Herr Joseph Kretschmann made his debut as a solo violinist, and played an andante of Mendelssohn's with marked effect, and in the finale proved himself to be an executant of such music to whom an audience can listen with pleasure and interest. He played without affectation, and bows firmly and gracefully, and succeeds in giving even presto passages, with great clearness. His tone, perhaps, maybe improved, but his efforts last night were loudly applauded.

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1918), 5

"DEATH OF JOSEF KRETSCHMANN", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1918), 8

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1918) 8  

The death of Josef Kretschmann at the age of 80 years last Monday removes from amongst us a touching embodiment of cheery old age, known by sight to thousands of people, and a musician with a genius for teaching, who was adored by his pupils, period after period, for 40 years past. All such will rejoice to learn that their kind-hearted old master kept in harness until within a fortnight of the end, and passed away quietly and happily at Lavender Bay, without any seriously apparent illness. According to a statement made by the violinist in 1910, he was born at Kommatau, near Prague, and was left an orphan at the age of seven. Eventually he entered the Leipsic Conservatorium on a scholarship, and later on, after experience as leader of the orchestra at the Court Theatre, he was appointed violinist for some years to the Grand Duke of Baden-Baden. The Grand Duchess furnished him with the means to realise his ambition of visiting the ruins of Babylon and Nineveh, but his money ran out when he was near Mount Ararat and he beat a hasty retreat back to civilisation via Constantinople. His only other adventure consisted of service as a Red Cross stretcher-bearer during the Franco-Prussian war. Kretschmann was gentle and kind-hearted by nature, and the horrors of war made such an impression on him that the subject was one he dreaded even to refer to. He quoted January, 1876, as the date of his arrival in Sydney, but January, 1878, is probably the correct date [recte January 1877], as a few weeks later he made his debut with the Sydney Musical Union. He conducted the first public performance of Bach's "Passion Music" in the Great Hall of the University, where so many concerts were held before the Town hall was opened in 1889, introduced the second act of "Tannhauser," and organised a series of Haydn Chamber Music Concerts at the Royal Society's rooms. Kretschmann in later life was by no means accurate as a violinist, so that for nearly 30 years his public appearances were confined to his crowded annual students' concerts at the Town Hall, and to his Saturday pupils' recitals at Paling's Hall. His pupils, two or three of whom attained celebrity after tuition in Europe, included for violin Bessie Doyle (Eileen Mitchell O'Moore), Cyril Monk, and Rebe Kussman; and of pianists in the same way Elsie Stanley Hall, Yvonne Leverrier (Mme. Charvin), Madeleine Royle, Esther Kahn, Ruby Rich, Phyllis Hopwood Foldi, and May Summerbelle.

KRIEGSMANN, Caspar Rudolph (Casparino)

Professor of Music

Born Hanover, 1829/30
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1854
Died Sydney, NSW, 19 April 1903, aged 73


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1858), 8

"INSOLVENCY COURT", Empire (22 August 1860), 8

"CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1872), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1903), 6

KROM, John Herman (KRON)

Professor of Music, Piano-forte, English Concertina, Singing, &c.

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855-59


"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", South Australian Register (10 November 1849), 4

"LIST OF LETTERS ... Unclaimed", The Argus (21 January 1850), 4

"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", South Australian Register (8 March 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 September 1855), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 December 1857), 4

"CONCERT", The Argus (2 December 1857), 4

"Advertisement], The Argus (4 August 1858), 8

"INSOLVENT COURT ... IN RE JOHN H. KRON", The Argus (15 September 1858), 7

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (14 February 1859), 5


Bandmaster, cornet player, circus musician, manager (Kruger's Variety and Minstrel Company), "musical manipulator" (musical glasses)

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1887
Died ? Kewsick, SA, 29 November 1935, aged 71


"ROTUNDA CONCERT", South Australian Register (29 October 1887), 6

"KRUGER'S MINSTRELS", Kapunda Herald (24 January 1890), 2

"KRUGER'S MINSTRELS", The Border Watch (24 May 1890), 2

Mr. Kruger is one of the most versatile members, and his performance on the musical glasses was particularly enjoyed. To play correctly on so many glasses, embracing all the notes in five or six octaves, requires a great deal of dexterity as well as good natural talent.

[Advertisement], Morning Bulletin (29 October 1892), 1

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (12 November 1902), 2

"A SPECIAL MARCH", The Advertiser (30 October 1908), 8

Mr. Benno Kruger, bandmaster of the United Labor Party Band, has composed a special march, entitled "Labor," which is to be played in the eight hours procession on Saturday next. The march opens with an inspiring introduction, leading into "The Song of Australia," followed by a bold and massive bass solo, concluding with a trio. The whole makes a fine march, and reflects credit upon Mr. Kruger, under whose direction the United Labor Party Band is attaining a high state of proficiency.

"LABOR PARTY BAND CONCERT", The Advertiser (10 February 1910), 10

? "DEATHS", The Advertiser (2 December 1935), 14

KRUSE, Herman

Orchestra leader, bandmaster (Kruse's Band; German band; Full Band from the Royal Garden, Vauxhall)

Active Sydney, 1854


[Advertisement], Empire (10 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 October 1854), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (28 October 1854), 1

"SYNOPSIS OF MEETINGS, &;c., FOR THE WEEK", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1854), 5

[Advertisement], Empire (2 November 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1854), 1

"OUR EVENING AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1854), 5

KRUSE, Johannes Secundus (John KRUSE)


Born Melbourne, VIC, 22 March 1859
Died London, England, 14 October 1927 (NLA persistent identifier)



"FAMOUS VIOLINIST. Johann Kruse Dead. Born in Melbourne", The Argus (18 October 1927), 17

The death is announced of Mr. Johann Kruse, the famous violinist. Johann Kruse was born in Bourke street, Melbourne, where his father had a pharmacy, in 1859, and at in early age he showed signs of unusual musical talent. His first public appearance was with the Philharmonic Society in Melbourne, when he was aged only nine years, and, as he continued to show aptitude with the violin, his parents sent him to Berlin in 1875 to study under Joachim at the Hochschule, where he became a professor. Joachim considered him one of his foremost pupils, and under his guidance Kruse became, in 1882, at the age of 23 years,   principal violinist and sub-conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic Society. At this time he founded a string quartet which became famous. He returned to Australia on a short visit in 1885 and played in a concert tour with Miss Nellie Mitchell (Dame Nellie Melba) in Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane. Joachim's health had begun to fail at this time, and he recalled Kruse to relieve him at the Hochschule. Some years later he joined the famous Joachim quartet as second violin, and in 1895 he revisited Australia for a second time for a short season, this time playing with the Marshall Hall quartet. Johann Kruse left Germany in 1897 to live in England, and in London he founded his second quartet party, which gave a series of concerts at St. James's Hall. The Saturday Popular Concerts, which were famous in London at the end of the last century, came under his direction, and were so successful that he revived, with equal success, the "Classical Monday Pops," referred to by W. S. Gilbert in "The Mikado." In the same year, 1902, Johann Kruse organised a series of orchestral concerts, with Felix Weingartner as conductor, and in 1903 his Beethoven festival, consisting of eight concerts, met with tremendous support, and was repeated in the following year with a series of seven concerts, in which the pianist, Wilhelm Backhaus, who was in Melbourne late last year, assisted. Mr. W. W. Cobbett, a foremost critic, said of Kruse at this time:- "His experience is most extensive in chamber music. As a violinist, his staccato bowing and trill may be noted as of exceptional brilliancy." Since then Mr. Kruse spent most of his time in teaching, and several Australian pupils, the most famous of whom is Miss Gertrude Algar, studied under him. Some years ago the Melbourne University had negotiations with him at the time when the Ormond chair of music at the University Conservatorium was vacant, but an agreement was not reached. In a recent letter to his brother he expressed his intention of coming to Australia again. He is survived by his wife, who is in London, and a brother, Mr. J. A. Kruse, who for many years has carried on his late father's chemist's business at Hawthorn.

Bibliography and resources:

Sally O'Neill, Kruse, Johann Secundus (1859-1927), Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

Papers of Johann Kruse [manuscript], NLA

KUNZE, Karl Julius (Charles)


? Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1 February 1850 (per Alfred)
Died Adelaide, SA, 26 January 1868, aged 42


From his first concerts, Kunze was evidently one of Adelaide's leading pianists, appearing as accompanist with many visiting concert artists.


? "ARRIVED", South Australian Register (2 February 1850), 3

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (3 May 1855), 3

"MADAME CARANDINI AND M. EMILE COULON", South Australian Register (9 July 1855), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 August 1855), 1

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (27 January 1868), 3

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (27 January 1868), 3

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2017