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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–L

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–L", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 17 August 2017

- L -


Cornet player, violinist, bandmaster

Born c.1833/34 (parish of St. George's Hanover Square 1841 UK Census, age 7)
Active Melbourne and Ballarat, VIC, 1855-65
Died Wellington, Otago, NZ, January 1871


English concertina player

Died, by 1867


Son of Francois and Mary Labalestrier (aged 55 and 40), Alfred was 7 years old at the time of the 1841 UK census and living in the parish of St. George's Hanover Square. He was a regular cornet player in Fleury's band first in Melbourne at the Salle de Valentino and later at the Montezuma in Ballarat in 1858. He also played with Fleury's "Premiere Band of the Australian Colonies" for the Lavenu-Carandini company's Ballarat opera season. At his Montezuma benefit in November 1857, it was announced: "Mons. Labalestrier will perform the Zerline, Bendigo, and Eclipse Polkas on the Cornet-a-Piston, during the evening." The Bendigo polka may well have been that of 1854 by another cornet player, Henry De Grey.

In August 1861, Alfred Labalestrier was bandmaster of the Rangers Brass Band, and was last recorded as being in a legal battle against members of the Ballarat District Band in January 1865. By July 1866 he was at Canterbury, New Zealand, advertising as a "Professor of the Violin, Cornet, and English Concertina". At Wellington in 1870, he was taken into custody "on suspicion of lunacy". Mary Labalestrier, who died in Melbourne in 1899 at the age of 90, was the mother of the musicians, composer George Clutsam, and Frederick Clutsam (see also SHIPPING, June 1881).


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Star (19 November 1857), 3

"MONTEZUMA PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Star (6 October 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The Star (22 October 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (23 December 1858), 3

"EASTERN POLICE COURT", The Star (4 June 1860), 4

[Advertisement], The Star (22 January 1861), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (8 August 1861), 3

"LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. THE BAND OF THE B. V. R. RANGERS" , The Star (14 October 1861), 1s

"THE VOLUNTEER BAND", The Star (15 May 1863), 3

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 13, 97

[News], The Ballarat Star (13 January 1865), 2

[Advertisement], West Coast Times (12 July 1866), 3

"THE NEWS OF THIS DAY", The Age (1 October 1867), 4 

The friends of Mr. Alfred Labalestrier, late bandmaster of the Ballarat Rangers, will be sorry to learn that that gentleman has met with a terrible affliction in New Zealand. A private letter from Wellington states that a short time since Mrs. Labalestrier died, and since that time the unfortunate man has gone completely mad. He refuses to attend any engagements, and labors under the hallucination that the local Government owe him £30,000 for discovering some imaginary gold-field. Mr. Labalestrier resided for more than ten years on Ballarat, and was greatly respected.

"LUNACY", Evening Post (15 November 1870), 2 

LUNACY. Alfred Labalestrier, charged on suspicion of lunacy, was remanded for medical examination.

"SHIPPING", Otago Daily Times (1 June 1881), 2

From the European Mail we learn that the Crusader, Captain Davies, from London for Otago, passed Deal on April 7th. Her passengers are -. - Steerage - Fanny Prior, Amelia Prior, Edmund Prior, Mrs Clutsam George Clutsam, Frederick.Clutsam, and Mrs. Labalestrier.

"DEATHS", The Argus (4 December 1899), 1

Bibliography and resources:

George De Winton, Soldiering fifty years ago: Australia in 'the forties' (London: European Mail, 1898), 94:

Our leading lady was a Madame Labalastière [sic], whose somewhat aristocratic name was, I grieve to say, from difficulty in correct pronunciation, by many converted into Madam d--n and b---t her.

Major De Winton (99th Regiment) seems to have misremembered her as being at Sydney Theatre in the late 1840s

LABERTOUCHE, George Evans (George Evans LABERTOUCHE)

Bass vocalist, composer

Born UK, 1834/35
Active Melbourne, by 1859
Died Camden, NSW, 21 January 1910, aged 75


"THE LEVEE", The Argus (25 May 1859), 5

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO HERR SCHMITT", Bendigo Advertiser (13 February 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 August 1865), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 August 1865), 8

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Argus (8 November 1865), 5

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (26 December 1865), 5

The famous bass air, "The trumpet shall sound," was sung by Mr. Labertouche, an amateur, who made his debut. He is a vocalist of much promise, for his possession of a splendid voice cannot be denied, but his execution was imperfect, and his mistakes too frequent. Those last were probably increased by the sudden and unexplained absence of the performer who was to play the trumpet obligato, which was undertaken at great disadvantage by Herr Schott, on the oboe.

[News], The Argus (20 January 1866), 5

[News], The Argus (22 January 1866), 4

The Theatre Royal was crowded on Saturday night, when the two first acts of I Puritani and Donizetti's opera buffa, L'Elisir d'Amore, were produced. I Puritani is almost strange to a Melbourne audience, having been so rarely performed here; and its introduction on Saturday was only to enable Mr. G. E. Labertouche, an amateur, to make his debut as Giorgio. In reviewing the performance, we may confine our remarks to this gentleman, for the other singers, especially Mr. Wharton, who was repeatedly hissed for his shortcomings, were so imperfect that the good nature of the hearers was tested to the utmost. From this condemnation we must exclude Mr. Loder and his orchestra, to whom the vocalists were often indebted for a veil over their deficiencies. Mr. Labertouche's reception must have been as highly gratifying to himself as his performance was to his friends. No matter what a musical amateur has gone through in private, to appear in opera in public is perhaps the severest test that could be applied, and this gentleman has now proved his possession of faculties which might with study be ripened into powers not commonly possessed by those who have not made music a profession. His voice is a Strong baritone, deficient in fibre, but excellent in tone, and his vocalization, though wanting in energy, was much better than might have been expected. His part of Giorgio was throughout delivered correctly, and his acting was not without merit, although he was evidently not at ease. We need hardly add that he was frequently and loudly applauded.

"THE OPERA", The Argus (5 February 1866), 5


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1878), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1882), 2


"The Labertouche Case", Australian Town and Country Journal (21 February 1891), 13

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1910), 6  

Musical works:

The Boort schottische (1865)



Violinist ("The Australian Paganini"), composer, arranger

Born ? England, c.1833 (son of Nicholas LA FEUILLADE senior, and Louise PATTON)
? Married Jane Sarah TOPHAM, St. Mary's, Chatham, Kent, England, 3 August 1857 (aged 24)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, February 1865
Married ? Annie PERRY
Died Glenferrie, VIC, 5 July 1915 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A Mr. Feuillade, a circus riding master, and stud master, was active in Australia in 1850-51.


[Advertisement], Empire (13 February 1865), 1

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 May 1865), 2

"GENERAL NEWS", The Adelaide Express (20 May 1865), 2 

... Mr. N. La Feuillade played the old Cuckoo solo on the violin with considerable execution ...

[News], The Argus (13 April 1866), 5

"CONTRADICTION OF THE LOUNGER", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 March 1870), 13

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (14 March 1873), 5

NEW INSOLVENTS. Nicholas La Feuillade, of Little Bourke-street west, Melbourne, professor of music. Causes of insolvency - Want of remunerative employment, and being entirely out of employment for a long time in Melbourne and New Zealand, and in consequence of debts contracted by late partner, Frank Weston, while travelling as Weston and La Feuillade's Minstrel Company. Liabilities, £350 14s.; assets, £14; deficiency, £330 14s. Mr. H. S. Shaw, assignee.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1874), 10

"THE SYDNEY MUSICAL UNION", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 November 1879), 6

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Argus (29 May 1886), 11

"DEATHS", The Argus (6 July 1915), 1

"PERSONAL", Broken Hill Miner (9 July 1915), 2

Mr. Nicholas La Feuillade, whose death has occurred at Glenferrie (Vic.), was the last surviving member of the Christy Minstrel Troupe which, under engagement to Mr. John Washington Smith, opened in Sydney on February 20, 1865, after travels through the United Kingdom, Egypt, India, and Java. Mr. Feuillade, who was a violinist, subsequently was interested personally in several companies, and made his final appearance with Hiscock's Federal Minstrels.

Musical works:

The Weston and Hussey minstrels' book of songs, Number 1 (edited by Frank Weston and N. La Feuillade) ([1869])

The Weston and Hussey minstrels' book of songs, Number 2 (edited by Frank Weston and N. La Feuillade) ([1869])

Flying Squadron Galop (by N. La Feuillade, "late of H.M. Brig Arab") ([1869])

Tommy Dodd Galop (by N. La Feuillade) ([1869])

For the old land's sake (written & sung by Beaumont Read; music by N. La Feuillade) ([1885])

Our boys welcome home (words by W. H. Leake; composed by N. La Feuillade) ([1885])

Bibliography and resources:


Tenor singer, song composer

Born ? Belgium, 1826
Arrived Sydney (? from San Francisco, via Honolulu), by 22 February 1856
Departed Australia, ? after 11 January 1859


Laglaise probably came to Australia with Anna Bishop's replacement musical director, George Loder; Laglaise had appeared as a member of an Italian Opera Troupe under Loder's musical direction in California in 1854/55. In Sydney at the Prince of Wales Theatre, 23 February 1856, the last night of Bishop's season was also the "First appearance in Australia of the celebrated tenor, MONS. LAGLAISE, (who will appear for this night only)" in "the Grand Opera of NORMA" . The latest Australian notice for Laglaise I've found is in January 1859 in Ballarat. Two original songs by Laglaise are documented, both in Adelaide in August-September 1858: Hearts and souls (words; Byron; "Song composed in Adelaide by Mons. Laglaise") ("English Song, composed in Adelaide by Mons. Laglaise, sung for the first time by Miss Rowe") [Adelaide: Penman & Galbraith, 1858], and My native land ("English song composed in Adelaide by Mons. Laglaise, poetry by Lord Byron. Sung for the first time by Mons. Laglaise").

Addendum 2013

(From information kindly supplied by Alister Hardiman): Laglaise's (? French) naturalization record is indexed at Antwerp Police Records; he had married, Marie Lorquin (b. c.1830). They had at least 3 children, Ernest (b. Australia, 1858); Leon (b. France); and Marie (b. 1865 France), who married singer Charles Rene [Chs. Olivier Rene Bibaud] in 1899 after a divorce from first husband, the pianist Etienne Auguste Jean Monselet, youngest son of the journalist, Charles Monselet. Ernest was an ornithologist, Leon a botanist, both travelers. Ernest stayed in Paris, Leon became a citizen of the USA. Their maternal grandfather, Pierre Joseph Michel Lorquin had been a famous butterfly man (born Versailles, see his wiki for further info) and had journeyed to America for that pursuit. Late in life he published at least five books.


"California", The Musical World 11/1 (6 January 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1856), 1

"HEARTS AND SOULS", South Australian Register (23 August 1858), 1

"MUSIC", South Australian Register (23 August 1858), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (24 September 1858), 1

"CHARLIE NAPIER THEATRE", The Star (Ballarat) (11 January 1859), 3

Documentation (after Australia):

Annales du Théâtre-royal d'Anvers (1861-62),124

Giovanni Laglaise, ténor léger

Le Ménestrel 30-31 (1862), 411

M. Laglaize, ténor au type béarnaise.

Le guide musical 8-10 (1869)

M. Laglaize, ténor, a une voix gutturale et une façon de jouer la comédie qui nuisent beaucoup à son talent de chanteur.

Literary works:

Jean-Baptiste Laglaize, Fantouches d'opéra (Paris: Tresse, 1881), especially 82 

L'Australie est depuis longtemps tributaire des chanteurs italiens: Sydney leur prodigue ses bank-notes, tandis que l'aurifère Melbourne les sature de lingots. LaTasmanie, la Nouvelle-Zélande sont initiées aux partitions de Bellini, Rossini, Verdi et consorts. San-Francisco possède de deux thèâtres italiens, deux de plus qu'à Paris! Honolulu! ... Honolulu lui-même, vient de céder à l'entrainement, et, l'on m'assure que les Polynésiens viennent de voter une subvention en vue d'un thèâtre italien ...

Figurines dramatiques (1882)

Pantins et marionettes (1884)

And two historical novels, Eureka (1885) and Lutèce (1888).

LAING, Alexander

Musician, fiddler, composer, musical anthologist

Born Forfarshire, Scotland, 1792
Arrived Tasmania, 29 September 1813 (convict per Marquis of Wellington and Emu)
Died Sorell, TAS, 2 September 1868, aged 77

Short biography (Tasmanian Archives and Heritage Office):

Summary (after SL-TAS above):

Laing was a soldier, convict, colonist, police constable in the Sorell district, a musician (fiddler) and composer. He joined the army in 1810, was charged with stealing and transported to Van Diemen's Land in 1813, though he claimed to have served 7 years as a soldier in the 22nd Gordon Highlanders and been present at the Battle of Salamanca in Spain in 1812. He was sentenced to seven years and transported at the age of 23 on the Marquis of Wellington to NSW and the Emu. On the 19 March 1816 at St David's, Hobart he married Esther Robertson (or Hester Roberts) aged 22 (convict, tried in Warwick, 1814, arrived on the Northampton, 1815, and Emu, 1816).

In his journal in November 1816 he described how he was ordered to play the violin for the bushrangers, Michael Howe and his friends, when they visited his master's house at Sorell. The violin had been hanging on the wall "in a green bag", he noted. Laing was chief constable of in the Sorell (Pittwater) district 1819-38. He kept a diary, of which fragments survive and compiled a fiddle manuscript, featuring jigs, strathspeys, hornpipes, marches, reels and waltzes (many by Nathanial Gow, ancestor of the Tasmanian Packers), including some music titled (or in most cases retitled) to local Tasmanian identities. Many of these were dedicated to local personalities and their titles recall both the historical characters of early Tasmania and trace with their dates, the movement of Laing from one township to another over his career as a constable, a unique mid-colonial example of Australian fiddling.


"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (8 September 1868), 2 

DEATHS. LAING - On Sept. 2nd, at Green Hills, Forcett, Alex. Laing, sen., aged 77.


Alexander Laing's "diary", 8 December 1857 (in Newitt family papers); SL-TAS, NS1332/1/12

Alexander Laing's fiddle manuscript; photographic copy: SL-TAS/TAHO NS 548/1/1; digitised and freely downloadable complete as a pdf (DIGITISED)

43 pages of violin tunes, copied onto 12-stave manuscript paper; evidently copied by Laing as a unit, sometime after the last dated item (24 January 1861), intended as a presentation copy to be given as a gift to Robert Rollings (1842-1927), of Forcett, Tasmania, in 1863 ("Presented to Mr. Robert Rollings Forcett by Alexander Laing at the Greenhills 1863"). The many items either dated or named for Tasmanian people and events include:

Sorell Waltz (page 1; pdf 3)
Victoria Laing's Waltz (page 1; pdf 3)
Tasmanian Waltz (page 2; pdf 4)
Albert Laing's Waltz (page 3; pdf 5)
Dr Huston's Birth Day 1813 (page 11; pdf 13)
James Gordon Forcett Tasmania by A. L[aing] (page 13; pdf 15)
Mrs W. Clark Honolulu (page 14; pdf 16) [the Clarke family were passengers on board the Caroline, wrecked off Honolulu in 1850]
Miss L. Price's Wedding at New Norfolk 24/1/61 (page 17; pdf 19)
Betsy Blinkworth at Newtown V.D.Land (page 17; pdf 19)
Miss Gordon's Hornpipe by J. Laing (page 23; pdf 25)
Sir John Franklin near the North Pole (page 25; pdf 27)
Major Kirkwood 40th Regiment 1825 (page 25; pdf 27)
Lieutenant Governor Sorell V.D.Land 1817 (page 26; pdf 28)
Lady Elizabeth M[ac]Qaurie at New Norfolk 1812 (page 27; pdf 29)
Lieut. H[enr]y Borwn Derwent Rifles 1860 (page 27; pdf 29)
Miss Victoria Laing's Birth Day 19/4/51 (page 28; pdf 30)
Albert Laing's Birth Day 15-2-55 (page 29; pdf 31)
Lieutenant Governor Davey of Tasmania in 1815 (page 30; pdf 32)
Brady's look out in 1825 (page 46; pdf 48)

See Peter MacFie's excellent complete inventory.

"James Gordon, Forcett, Tasmania" by A. L.

Laing inscribes three items to himself, either "by A. L." or by "A. Laing", and one "by W. L.". MacFie has shown two of these appear not to be original, but he could not trace a concordance for "James Gordon, Forcett, Tasmania by A. L." (image above; an old colonist James Gordon died at Forcett on 18 August 1842). At least one of the events recorded in a tune title, the visit of Elizabeth Macquarie to New Norfolk in 1812, predates Laing's own arrival in Tasmania, and so must date from somewhat later. Whether a piece such as "Major Kirkwood 40th Regiment 1825" was actually re-titled that early remains open to question.

Bibliography and resources:

Freda Gray, "Music of the early settlements of the 1800s", Papers and Proceedings (Tasmanian Historical Research Association) 43/2 (June 1996), 59-62

Peter MacFie and Steve & Marjorie Gadd, On the fiddle from Scotland to Tasmania, 1815-1863: the life and music of Alexander Laing (1792-1868), convict, constable, fiddler and composer (Dulcot, Tas: Peter MacFie; Franklin, Tas: Steve and Marjorie Gadd, 2010)

Heather Clarke, "Lady Franklin's Reel", posted 5 May 2015, Australian colonial dance 

LAING, David

Musical larcenist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1837


"Hobart Town Police Court", Colonial Times (13 June 1837), 8

David Laing was held to bail for further examination on a musical charge. Having evinced such a soul for music, that he was about marching off with all Band Major McLeod's instruments.

LAMAR, Monsieur de

Vocalist, pianist, professor of the pianoforte and singing (lately from Paris, pupil of Banderali, Stoepel, Turina, Martelli, &c.)

Active Sydney, NSW, August to October 1850


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1850), 1

MR. STANLEY'S GRAND CONCERT OF VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC, IN THE SALOON OF THE ROYAL HOTEL, ON FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 9th, 1850 ... Mr. Stanley ... will also be assisted by Miss Sara Flower, Madame Carandini, Monsieur De Lamar, (lately from Paris, pupil of Baudevali, Martelli, &c) Mr. Waller, and Mr. Baly ... PROGRAMME. PART 1 ... [7] Romanza, "Una furtivi lagrima" (from L'Elisir D'Amore) ... Monsieur De Lamar ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 August 1850), 1

MONSIEUR DE LAMAR, FROM PARIS. Pupil of Banderali, Stoepel, Turina, Martelli, &c, PROFESSOR OF PIANO AND SINGING, In the Italian style, And of the French, Italian, and Spanish Languages, TERMS: For Music, 5 5 0 per quarter, Two lessons a week. Two lessons Languages, 3 3 0 [per quarter, Two lessons a week.] Address at Grocott's Music Saloon, George street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1850), 1

A GOOD SHILLING'S WORTH. GROCOTT'S CONCERT will be held TO-MORROW EVENING, at the ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. The services of Mrs. Guerin, Messrs. Howson, Monsieur Longchamp, Monsieur De Lamar, Mr. Stanley, pianist, and others, have been secured. The following PROGRAMME will convince the most sceptical that the bill of fare offered is weil worth the amount named: ... 6. Aria Italian - La Pastorelle. - Rossini, Mons. De Lamar ... 8. Double Duet on two pianofortes, being 1st and 2nd Prizes in Grocott's Art Union, never before attempted in the colony, Mr. Stanley, F. Howson, J. Howson, and Mons. De Lamar ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 October 1850), 1

SUBSCRIPTION CONCERT. MISS SARA FLOWER and MADAME CARANDINI take this opportunity of informing their numerous subscrioers that their First Concert will positively take place on WÄDNKSDAY, OCTOBSR 23 ... PROGRAMME. PART 1 ... 6. Aria - Vivi tu - Mr. De Lamar, Donizetti ... PART 2 ... 2. Quintetto, from the Opera of Sonnambula - Miss Sara Flower, Mr. J. Howson, Mad. Carandini, Mr. De Lamar, and Mr. F. Howson - Bellini ... 9. Ballad - In this old Chair - Mr. De Lamar - Balfe ...

LAMBERT, Nellie (Ethel A. LAMBERT; Mrs. Charles TEMPLETON; Mrs. Travers FALCONER)

Contralto vocalist

Died Sydney, NSW, 20 June 1901


"MELBOURNE", Bendigo Advertiser (6 June 1882), 2

"COLONIAL TELEGRAMS", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (16 December 1882), 10

"A THEATRICAL DIVORCE SUIT", Newcastle Morning Herald (18 December 1882), 4

[Advertisement], The Riverine Grazier (24 March 1883), 3

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1901), 1

"Musical", Referee (3 July 1901), 10

"MISS NELLIE LAMBERT", Morning Bulletin (15 July 1901), 4

The death is announced in a Sydney paper of Miss Nellie Lambert, a very kind- hearted und widely-known contralto singer. Miss Lambert visited Queensland last year with Raphael's Opera Company. She first appeared in public with Lyster's Opera Company, and at the time of her death must have been quite fifty years of age. Our contemporary writes of her:-"She was very successful in 'boy' characters, such as Lazarillo in Maritana. She was also competent in more serious roles. While with Lyster, Miss Lambent became the wife of baritone Charles Templeton, and consequently step-mother of Lempriere Pringle, at present with Musgrove's Opera Company. After Templeton's death his widow married Mr. T. Falconer, a professor of music in Sydney. She leaves one daughter, Miss Ethel Templeton, an accomplished pianist, who has been playing at rho Brisbane Theatre Royal dining the past twelve mouths.


Wife of Charles PRINGLE, a.k.a Charles TEMPLETON; wife of Travers FALCONER; mother of Ethel TEMPLETON

LAMBLE, Samuel William Mann

Bass vocalist, teacher of singing and sol-fa

Born Trinidad, West Indies, 1838
Active Creswick, VIC, by 1861 (via Lancs., England, 1851 census)
Died Brighton, VIC, 13 September 1918, aged 80 years and 5 months


Lamble, who made his Melbourne debut in 1869 was the bass soloist in the first performance of Horsley's Euterpe at the opening of the Melbourne Town Hall in August 1870.


"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (27 June 1863), 2

"OPENING OF THE NEW TOWN HALL", The Argus (10 August 1870), 5-6

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 March 1875), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 August 1875), 12

"BALLARAT", Bendigo Advertiser (13 December 1879), 3

Outside Opera the two best known bassos in Victoria are, probably, Sam Lamble and B. T. Moroney, of Melbourne, but we have a Jones here, "the only Jones" who can sing bass here, and a member of the pro-Cathedral choir, who is in many people's opinion better than either Lamble or Moroney.

"TONIC SOL-FA ASSOCIATION", The Argus (18 November 1890), 7

"WESLEYAN CHURCH FESTIVITIES", Mornington Standard (8 February 1894), 2

"MELBOURNE", The Independent (8 February 1901), 12

"Doncaster Glee Club", Reporter (6 June 1902), 3

"DEATHS", Leader (21 September 1918), 55

LAMBLE, Thomas James (brother of the above)

Music lithographer, music librarian (Philharmonic Society), conductor, professor of music

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1875
Died South Melbourne, VIC, 16 September 1915

LAMBLE, Mary Ann

Pianist, organist
Died Hawthorn, VIC, 7 November 1900


"LOCAL NEWS", Mercury [Fitzroy] (15 May 1875), 4

Our Local Philharmonic Society gave their third concert on Thursday evening at the Town Hall Fitzroy ... Giorza's Mass No. 1, scored by Mr. Lamble, received full justice from both choir and orchestra ... Mrs. Lamble did good service at the organ and pianoforte. The less said the better about the audience. We do not remember to have seen a poorer audience at a concert yet held in Collingwood or Fitzroy. This is to be regretted, and we can only conclude that the inhabitants of Fitzroy have not yet been imbued with a taste for high class music.

"THE MAYOR AND MR. LAMBLE", The Argus (30 October 1875), 5

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (7 February 1876), 5

NEW INSOLVENTS. Thomas James Lamble, of Napier street, Fitzroy, music lithographer. Causes of insolvency -Want of constant employment and illness of family. Liabilities, £254 18s 2d; assets, £50 6s 6d; deficiency, £204 11s. 8d. Mr Jacomb, assignee. 

"THE TONIC SOL-FA SYSTEM. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (29 May 1890), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 May 1893), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 November 1900), 1

"Seven Years Chronic Cataract of Eyes Cured", Barrier Miner (17 November 1906), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (18 September 1915), 11



Active VIC, 1900


"Smithfield. GRAND BALL", The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (9 June 1900), 2

The string band, which comprised Messrs. S. Watson (piano), Joseph Deluca (harp), Frank Palermo and Lewis Lamoglie (violins), supplied first class music.

LA MONT, Mrs. J. S.

Amateur composer, songwriter, school teacher

Active Hobart, TAS, 1859


"NATIONAL SONG", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (25 October 1859), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (16 February 1861), 3

Our own Tasmanian Home, Words and music by Mrs. and Miss Lamont

"OIL PAINTINGS", The Mercury (1 January 1883), 2

Musical work:

Our own Tasmanian Home (National Song) (words: E. La Mont; "Composed and dedicated by permission to Lady Young") (Hobart: J. Walch, [1859])

See also:

LAMONT, Madame

Contralto vocalist, Professor of Singing and the Pianoforte

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855; until ? 1880


Having first appeared as an associate artist for Miska Hauser in April 1855, Lamont suffered "a long and serious illness" before she first advertised as a teacher in July 1856.


[Advertisement], The Empire (18 April 1855), 1

"MISKA HAUSER'S SECOND GRAND CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 April 1855), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (30 July 1856), 1

"MADAME CAILLY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 August 1856), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1859), 12

"PARRAMATTA. PUBLIC SCHOOL", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1868), 5

? "CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 February 1880), 4



Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1829 (but perhaps fictional)


"Daring Robbery", Launceston Advertiser (20 July 1829), 3


Soprano vocalist (St. James's choir)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1827-29


"ST. JAMES'S CHURCH", The Monitor (3 September 1827), 3

. . . The person who sings a second also in an evening, often begins and continues to lead, in lieu of following Mrs. Lancaster. If the singers would but let the last person really lead, and not only sing under her, but also after her, they would improve the evening choir much. In the morning, Mrs. L. in the piano parts, refrains too much. She need not be afraid of being a little louder in the piano parts. If her pronunciation were as pleasing as her notes, she would be entitled unqualified praise. But at present, she pronounces badly.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (11 October 1828), 5

THE choir of St. James's, after attempting Jubilate Deo, in which they failed, have lately ventured in the evening upon Deus Misereatur. They succeed in this just as perfectly as they fail in the other. Both pieces are exquisite compositions. If a preference be to be given, it is perhaps to Jubilate Deo, because while the harmony, originality, and adaptation of sound to sense, are equal to those of Deus misereatur, the chorus's are more contrasted, and consequently the effect is greater. In Jubilate Deo, we can never hear Mrs. Lancaster, whose voice, from its strength and clear ness, is well adapted to anthems. In Deus Misereatur, it is strong and effective. We cannot understand how the same talents, which succeed so well, in the one anthem, fail so completely in the other. The counter in Jubilate Deo appears to be the air, because Mrs. L. and those who ought to sing, the air, cannot be heard. Hence the fine effect of a counter is lost, for the counter makes a bad first part. If the first and second part were full, the voice of the counter-singer, which is really good if he dare put forth his strength, would produce a delightful effect. But by itself, the counter of course sounds artificially, and makes poor harmony.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Monitor (13 October 1827), 5 

THE choir of St. James's, after attempting Jubilate Deo . . . [as above]

Colonial Secretary LC, Cash vouchers 1829, State Archives NSW, 4/296 (transcr. Rushworth 1988, 363, corrected)

[St. James's Church], Chaplain Hill, £250 [per annum]; Clerk, 20; Collector of Pew Rents, 5; Sexton, 20; Beadles (2), 15 each; Pew openers (2), 10 each; Teacher of the Choir and Organist, Mr. Pearson, £26; ditto, for tuning the organ, 8; Singers, Harriet Edmonds, 10; Ann Lancaster, 5; E. Hoare, J. Parton, G. Shepherd, Wm. Aldis, R. Cooper, S. Pawsey, 5 each; Organ blower, Geo. Mills, 4 6s 8d; Watchman, 13; Grave Digger, 13.


Composer, author

Active Australia, 1850 (returned to London by 1852)


Lancelott's 1852 account of his travels, Australia as it is, has several comments on music and music making in the colonies, notably on corroborees (vol. 1 , 24-25), music in Adelaide (vol. 1, 141), and in "free and easy" public houses in Melbourne (vol. 2, 112-114).

While in Adelaide in 1850, he set to music (perhaps to an existing tune) what was described as an "anti-road and dray tax song", when it was published by Charles Platts in July. Sung at a meeting of thje Anti-dray tax League the previous month, it was We've sever'd ourselves from our friends and home ("a song set to music dedicated to ... Alexander Anderson, Esq." [Chairman of the Anti-Dray Tax League]). The words only survive, beginning:

We've severed ourselves from our friends and home,
And far over the ocean we've come, my boys,
To reap from our toil in this sunny soil,
A better reward than at home, my boys ...

Lancelott described himself as a "mineralogical surveyor in the Australian colonies". Whether or not he was related to the composer Francis Lancelott, editor of the Musical bouquet in the mid 1840s, is unclear (see, for instance,

A song by a "Lancelott", Trust her not! ("translated from the German by Longfellow; music by Lancelott") was a musical supplement to The Adelaide miscellany (3 December 1868).


"ANTI-DRAY TAX LEAGUE", South Australian Register (28 June 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (2 July 1850), 3


Australia as it is: its settlements, farms, and gold fields (London: Colburn and Co., 1852)

Vol. 1

Vol. 2

Bibliography and resources:

Peter Gammond, The musical bouquet, a study of a music publisher 1845-1917, website 


Pianist, organist, conductor (Adelaide Philharmonic Society)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1874-1879, ? 1883


[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (17 October 1876), 1

"MR. LANDERGAN", South Australian Register (2 April 1879), 6

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (11 April 1879), 5

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (23 October 1880), 4

"MR. LANDERGAN", South Australian Register (18 May 1883), 4

LANE, Miss




Active Sydney, NSW, 1838-39


Mr. Lane was an instrumentalist at William Vincent Wallace's Oratorio in Sydney in February 1838.

According to eyewitness, Columbus Fitzpatrick, a Miss Lane sang for James Aquinas Reid at St. Mary's in 1839.


"THE ORATORIA", The Sydney Herald (5 February 1838), 2

Mr. Wallace, as usual was the star of the instrumental performers, and was assisted by Mr W.'s brother, Messrs Deane, Cavendish, Edwards, Spyer, Josephson, Lane, and the full Band of the 50th regiment.


... I have seen Dr. Reid, who was a great man, assisted by his sisters and Miss Lane and a great body of singers ...

Bibliography and resources:

C. J. Duffy (ed.), Catholic religious and social life in the Macquarie era: as portrayed in the letters of Columbus Fitzpatrick (1810-1878) (Sydney: Catholic Press Newspaper Company, Ltd., 1966), 17-19

Patrick O'Farrell, Documents in Australian Catholic history: 1788-1883 (Sydney: G. Chapman, 1969), 32-33

LANGDALE, Philip (Phil)

Bassoonist, bassoon player

Born Sevenoaks, Kent, England, 29 December 1834
Active Australia, June 1888 to July 1895
Died ?


"EXHIBITION NOTES", The Argus (12 June 1888), 5

"EVENING POPULAR CONCERT", The Argus (10 September 1888), 9

We believe it is something like 20 years since a bassoon solo has been heard in Melbourne, though we do not think it will be anything like that time before one is heard again. The bassoon, with its great compass and its vox humana upper notes, is, in the hands of a skilful artist, capable of producing extraordinary effects. Mr. P. Langdale is an exceptionally gifted bassoon player, able to perform wonders with it, and he is also, as is very obvious from his performance, possessed of a fund of humour, in which he and his instrument are perfectly at home together. His rendering of the air with variations on "Lucy Long," by F. Godfrey, was so good and yet so irresistibly funny that he had also to submit to an encore. The encore number was decidedly comic, as evincing a serious disinclination to return to "Home, Sweet Home," till "Early in the morning."

"Mr. Philip Langdale", Table Talk (21 June 1889), 15

"MUSIC. CONCERTS, &c.", The Australasian (6 July 1895), 32

The only other solo instrumentalist was Mr. Phil Langdale, who, with his bassoon, made his final bow to Melbourne audiences, as he departed on the following day (Tuesday) from I these shores by the German steamer Darmstadt. The best performer on his instrument perhaps that we have ever had here, Mr. Langdale will be badly missed, and it does not speak well for the progressive state of musical art in what was once considered the most musical city of Australia, that so accomplished an executant should have been allowed to remain comparatively idle, through lack of orchestral and other engagements, until he found it necessary to pack up his traps and move on to a more musically enlightened community - where assuredly his services will be in request On Monday he was encored after both his solos and subsequently presented by Mr. Byron Moore (vice-president) with a ticket for the passage home, which had been purchased by the money previously subscribed by his many friends and admirers. In making the presentation, Mr. Byron Moore aptly described the recipient as "a good musician and a very good fellow," and expressed regret that it was not a return ticket. Mr. Langdale briefly returned thanks, and re marked that when times got better he hoped to find his way back again, and that therefore he would not now say good-bye, but "au revoir." Mr. G. B. Fentum and Mr. Ernest Wood supplied the pianoforte accompaniments.

LARDELLI, Guglielmo Enrico (W. H.; William Henry LARDELLI; Signor G. LARDELLI)

Pianist, teacher, organist, composer

Born 12 May 1857
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 February 1881 (per Aconcagua, from London, via Plymouth, 8 January)
Died Charters Towers, QLD, 7 July 1910


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1881), 4

"THE MAYOR'S QUARTERLY BANQUET", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 March 1881), 6

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1881), 6

"Maitland Philharmonic Society's Concert", The Maitland Mercury (29 November 1883), 8

"PERSONAL", The Northern Miner (8 July 1910), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1910), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Ward, "Lardelli: the changing fortunes of a wandering signor", The Sydney Organ Journal 45/4 (Spring 2014), 23-29 

LARK, Francis Bothamley (Francis Bothamley LARK; Francis B. LARK)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1888
Departed Sydney, NSW, c.


"Births", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 February 1883), 1

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1887), 1

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1888), 9

From Messrs. Paling and Co., Sydney, we have "La Reine des Lis" waltz, by Francis B, Lark, which has three good points, viz., a pretty title-page, clear print, and a worthy object in publication - it being issued "in aid of the Queen's Fund, 1888." That object naturally inspires the desire to view the composition favourably, but it so abounds in error, showing that the composer is unacquainted with the simplest rudiments of musical notation and grammar, that it would be bettor for the fund to remain unbenefited than that the copies of the waltz should be distributed. Publishers have responsibilities as well as others, and it would be well if those in the colonies would take steps to acquire the honourable reputation of those in other countries. The least that should be expected is that they should refuse to issue what violates the recognised canons of good taste and grammar; while the country would be benefited if something higher than this were aimed at.


Pianist (pupil of Frederick Kellerman and Alice Charbonnet-Kellermann), composer

Active Sydney, 1895


"CONSERVATOIRE DE MUSIQUE", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1895), 3

"MISS LARNER'S RECITAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 September 1897), 3

"MISS LARNER'S RECITAL", Evening News (23 September 1897), 7

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1898), 4

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 September 1899), 4 [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1901), 2

Musical works:

Wheel waltz (composed by Lydia Larner; Dedicated to the N.S.W. Cyclists' Union) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., c1899)

See also:

Le train du diable (galop de concert par Alice Charbonnet-Kellermann; Dedicated to Miss Lydia Larner A.A.M.A.)

LASCELLES, Charles (Charles James Lascelles GRAY)

Buffo vocalist, pianist, chorus trainer, composer

Arrived Adelaide, 13 May 1868 (from San Francisco, via Hong Kong)
Departed Sydney, 7 August 1875 (per Osyth, via Melbourne and Cape Town, for London)
Died South Africa, 1883


"MADAME ANNA BISHOP", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 December 1865), 3

The Alta California of the 4th says: The Academy of Music was well filled last evening, on the occasion of Madame Anna Bishop's first grand concert, and the gratification of the audience was unbounded ... Mr. Charles Lascelles, the vocalist and pianist, completely surprised the audience. His singing of the duet "Robin Rough", in two voices, bass and tenor, was one of the most astonishingly successful efforts in vocalisation which we have ever heard.

"MADAME ANNA BISHOP", Launceston Examiner (13 February 1866), 5

"HONOLULU", The Mercury (7 May 1866), 3

"WRECK OF THE BARQUE LIBELLE", The Mercury (30 August 1866), 2


"ARRIVAL OF THE ENGLISH MAIL", Border Watch (13 May 1868), 3

"MADAME ANNA BISHOP'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 September 1868), 5

Mr. Charles Lascelles who, besides acting as accompanist, played two pianoforte solos, which, though not affording grounds for a conclusive judgment on his ability, displayed a freedom, taste, and boldness, which suggested a competency to deal with better subjects ... [Bishop's] arduous duties were relieved by the alternate appearance of Mr. Lascelles in buffo songs of which the selection was very judicious and those given by him with sufficient breadth of humour and point as to provoke mirth without offending the most scrupulous taste. He sang "Margaretta", "Simon the Cellarer", "Molly Bawn", Hood's "Visit of the Skinners", Parry's "Blue Beard", "So very peculiar", displaying a humour and peculiar vocal effects that rendered the songs very entertaining.

[News], Australian Town and Country Journal (14 August 1875), 13

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 October 1883), 7

News has been received in Adelaide by the Messageries steamer of the death of Charles Lascelles, the well-known opera singer, who died at Maritzburg about six weeks ago. The real name of the deceased was Gray. He was about 60 years of age, and was a native of the south of England. Mr. Lascelles first visited Australia as accompanist to Madame Anna Bishop, on her second tour to these colonies, and was for many years a valuable member of the Lyster Opera troupe, particularly as chorus-master.

[News] , The Argus (17 October 1883), 6

The news has just come of the death of Mr. Charles Lascelles, at Natal, in South Africa. Mr Lascelles was well known in these colonies, whither he first came about 13 years ago with Madame Anna Bishop on her second visit to this part of the world. He was a very capable vocalist, a competent musician, and a singularly clever artist, his forte in this latter acquirement taking the direction of caricature. Like many other men of remarkable talent, his habits were eccentric, and his way of life fitful. He was an amusing companion, for he had seen a great deal of the world, and he took a cynical view of humanity, a view, however, which did not prevent him from dwelling upon its grotesque aspects. He was with us when opera bouffe was first introduced here, and he was the first Prince Paul in "The Grand Duchess of Gerolstein", or, as we know it more familiarly, "The Grand Duchess". He wandered about the world a good deal after he left Australia, and for some time he had been in various parts of South Africa, where, most recently, his fortunes had been at a very low ebb. With all his faults and failings, he will not be altogether unpleasantly remembered in this city.

"MORE QUICK PASSAGES", Evening Post (21 November 1883), 2

LASKI, Henri

= pseudonym of

Thomas Edward BULCH

LA TROBE, Charles

Amateur musician, musical patron

Born London, 20 March 1801
Died England, 4 December 1875 (NLA persistent identifier)


Washington Irving, A tour on the prairies (Paris: Published by A. and W. Galignani, 1835), 3 

... Another of my fellow travellers was Mr. L, an Englishman by birth, but descended from a foreign stock, and who had all the buoyancy and accommodating spirit of a native of the Continent. Having rambled over many countries he had become, to a certain degree, a citizen of the world, easily adapting himself to any change. He was a man of a thousand occupations; a botanist, geologist, a hunter of beetles and butterflies, a musical composer, a sketcher of no mean pretensions; in short a complete virtuoso; added to which he was an indefatigable, if not always successful, sportsman. Never had a man more irons in the fire, and, consequently, never was a man more busy or more cheerful ...


Jill Eastwood, "La Trobe, Charles Joseph (1801-1875)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Colin Holden, "A musical soul: the impact of the Moravian Brethren on Charles Joseph La Trobe", La Trobeana 10/1 (February 2011), 13-18

LAU, Hermann (Peter Diedrich Hermann LAU)

Vocalist, accordion player, composer, naturalist, artist, writer, Indigenous culture recorder

Born Soerup, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, 22 November 1822
In Australia (NSW, QLD) 1854-59, 1862-?1892/3
Died Gluecksburg (Ostsee), Schleswig-Holstein, 25 May 1904 (NLA persistent identifier)


Son of Johann Friedrich Lau (1775-1856), who served as pastor in Soerup (1821) and Gluecksburg (1827-45). Hermann Lau married Elisabeth Toosbuey, and they had 2 children. He was in New South Wales 1854-59, 1860-62 in Hamburg, and 1862-66 in Grafton New South Wales. His whereabouts 1862-92 are unknown, though a Mr. H. Lau departed Sydney for Europe in March 1893. From 1893 until his death in 1904 he lived in Gluecksburg. 


"CONCERT AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (8 April 1862), 2

The "novelty," and if we may judge from the tumultuous applause of the audience, the "hit" of the evening's entertainment, was Mr. Lau's exhibition of skill in playing the German accordion, and we were really surprised, to see how much can, be made of so homely an instrument. The addition of bells, an invention of Mr. Lau's, had a very pleasing and exhilarating effect - especially in the "Remembrances of New South Wales" composed by the performer. 

[News], Süd Australische Zeitung (3 September 1862), 2

[Advertisement], Clarence and Richmond Examiner (21 October 1862), 3

"CONCERT", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (4 November 1862), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (18 June 1863), 1

[Advertisement], Clarence and Richmond Examiner (3 April 1866), 1

"PASSENGERS PER R.M.S. OCEANA", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1893), 4  

? "THE GOOMBUNGEE SHOW. A LARGE GATHERING", The Brisbane Courier (11 September 1905), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Herman Lau, DAAO

C. Anderson, Palaeontological notes no. II: Meiolania platyceps Owen and Varanus (Megalania) priscus (Owen), Records of the Australian Museum 17/7 (20 February 1930), 309-316, plates xlvii-li; 313-314

John Fletcher, Hermann Lau and his sojourns (1854-1859) in Sydney, Goulburn, Braidwood, Araluen, Moruya and Shoalhaven (Sydney: Book Collectors' Society of Australia, 1991)

Ray Humphrys, Bonyi-Bonyi: life and legends of the Bunya Mountains (Nanango: Wyndham Observer, 1992)


Hermann Lau, Vier Jahre in Australien. Selbsterlebnisse und Reisebilder aus der Colonie New-South-Wales (Hamburg: [Selbstverlag], 1860)

[? unpublished diary, cited by Humphrys]

Thanks (March 2015): To Berthold Hamer, of Gluecksburg, for kindly sharing biographical information incorporated in revised entry (2015-03-26)


LAURENT, George Frederick

(G. F. LAURENT; George Frederick LAURENT; James LAURENCE; also John LAURENCE; James LAWRENCE)

Vocalist, songwriter/composer, convict

Born London, 1795
Arrived Sydney, NSW, (1), 25 April 1815; (2) 6 January 1820 (per Michael from India)
Free Sydney, by September 1833; further conviction 1836-53?; active Sydney, early 1859
Died Collingwood, VIC, 1 September 1863


"George Frederick Laurent, from colonial sentence" was awarded a certificate of freedom during the week of 26 September 1833, and the following week appeared in a concert at Parramatta. He was perhaps the Mr. Laurent who advertised a concert and ball in Hobart in January 1834. Certainly he was back in Sydney in July 1836, when, having been convicted of stealing a cask of beer, he was sentenced to a further 7 years transportation to a penal settlement. If Norfolk Island, he may have first met Charles Packer there (see below). He was probably not however the proprietor of Laurent's in Melbourne in 1854, named presumably after the Londoner Henry Laurent. However, "Formerly of the Theatre Royal, George-street", he presented his own concert in Sydney 1859, with assistance from Charles Packer, Madame Lamont, Flora Harris, Herr Wilhelm Carl Schmitt ("solo violinist Munich"), and Mr. Marmaduke Henry Wilson ("pianist to Lady Amelia Keith Jackson, Lower Walmer").


"CERTIFICATES", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 March 1826), 3

"NETTLETON'S", The Monitor (7 July 1826), 8

"QUARTER SESSIONS - (Monday)", The Australian (12 August 1826), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (7 October 1833), 2

"CERTIFICATES OF FREEDOM", The Sydney Herald (26 September 1833), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (7 October 1833), 2

[ADVERTISEMENT] Parramatta Concert. - The Concert on Friday night, at Nash's Long Room, was respectably attended, but not crowded, under the direction of Mr. LEWIS. The much admired song of the "Cold flinty rock," [Braham] was sung by a gentleman of the name of G. F. Laurent, in a most masterly style, with great applause; Mr. Meredith sang his comic Songs admirably; the whole of the performance went off with great satisfaction to the audience.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 January 1834), 3

"THURSDAY", The Sydney Monitor (9 July 1836), 3

"Norfolk Island. THE SOCIAL SYSTEM. No.1. To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 June 1840), 3

... A play has been allowed to be performed by the prisoners, to amuse their companions. A prisoner, I think of the name of Laurent, was the chief promoter and performer of this. Some of the colonists in all probability have heard of this hero of the Norfolk Island stage, before today. Now, are the prisoners transported to be amused with this man and his companions absurdities on the stage? Has not frequenting a play house been the means of sending many to a penal colony? Do not temptations to sin and crime abound in such places? Yet here, at this place of fearful punishment, plays are not only allowed, but encouraged to be performed; and the very room where public worship is held, was elected as the place for Laurent and his friends to have their stage erected, and to amuse the prisoners with rant and buffoonery ...

"NORFOLK ISLAND. PENAL DISCIPLINE", The Hobart Town Courier (24 July 1840), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 February 1859), 1

Other documentation:

[1] Colonial Secretary Index, 1788-1825

LAURENT, George Frederick. Per "St Michael", 1819; 1820 Jan 6: Convict transported from India per "St Michael" (Reel 6018; 4/3521 pp.167, 243); 1823 Oct 15: On lists of prisoners transported to Port Macquarie per "Sally" (Reel 6019; 4/3864 pp.78, 436-7); 1824 Oct 8: Re list of prisoners to return to Sydney (Reel 6019; 4/3864 p.184);
[2] SL-NSW, Dixson MS Q168, Norfolk Island convict papers, ca. 1842-1867

A collection of original manuscript autobiographies, written by Norfolk Island convicts, for Dr. James Aquinas Reid; includes Laurent's MS memoir

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2010

Wills 2015

LAVAJEK, Anna Marie (Anna Maria S. HLAWACZEK)

Musician, pianist, teacher and piano and singing, school teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1881; Maitland, NSW, 1885-86
Departed Australia, ? 1887


[Advertisement], The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (5 February 1881), 201 

SHIRLEY COLLEGE, EDGECLIFF ROAD, SYDNEY. - Principals, the Misses MAC CORMACK, assisted by the following Professors:- English, C. J. Fache, Esq.; French, Madame Gouet, Mademoiselle Gouet; German, Fraulein Hlawaczek; Music, Miss Woolley, Herr Kretschmann, Mr. Herrmann, Mr. Moiley, Mr. Kellennann, Fraulein Hlawaczek; Singing, Madame Conduite; Drawing, Miss Fclton; Dancing, M. F. H. Needs; Calisthenics, Mr. R. Whibley. STUDIES RESUMED January 27.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 October 1881), 1 

MISS HLAWACZEK, Conservatory of Vienna, receives PUPILS for piano or singing on Mondays and Thursdays, from 10 to 11 a.m., at Nicholson and Co.'s.

"MAITLAND HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (7 April 1885), 5 

The attention of parents and children is directed to the advertisement of Miss Lavajek, the recently appointed principal of the Girls' High School ...

"Maitland Public High School", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (19 December 1885), 6 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 January 1887), 3 


LAVATER, George Theodore Adams

Amateur musician, composer, secretary, Centennial International Exhibition

Born Lausanne, Switzerland, May 1831
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1852 (ship's officer per Hoogly) Died Hawksburn, VIC, 20 November 1915 (NLA persistent identifier)



Conductor, composer, poet

Born St. Kilda, VIC, 2 May 1867
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 22 May 1953, aged 86 (NLA persistent identifier)



"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (3 November 1885), 9

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (11 April 1888), 4

Punch and Judy's Wedding March is the composition of L. L. Lavater, published in Melbourne, and to be had of all music sellers. It is the work of a lad who has upspringing ideas in music, who has already done better work than this but the "Punch and Judy Wedding March" has already been received with public favour as scored for orchestra by Mr S. Hore, and hence we suppose the reason for publication in pianoforte form.

"CRICKET", The Mercury (30 January 1890), 3

[News], The Argus (24 October 1890), 4


"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (5 April 1897), 3

"AN AUSTRALIAN HYMN", The Argus (1 January 1901), 4

"MR. G. T. A. LAVATER. LONG CAREER CLOSED", The Argus (23 November 1915), 6 

"Poet of the people dies", The Argus (23 May 1953), 5

"A tribute. By BIDDY ALLEN", The Argus (23 May 1953), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (23 May 1953), 18

Bibliography and resources:

Valerie Kent, "Lavater, Louis Isidore (1867-1953)", Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)

LAVENU, Lewis Henry

Pianist, cellist, conductor, arranger, composer

Born London, c.1818
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 May 1853 (per Abyssinia, from San Francisco, 3 March)
Died Sydney, NSW, 1 August 1859, aged 41 or 42 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



Summary (after Wikipedia):

Son of the London music seller and publisher, Lewis Augustus Lavenu (c.1867-1818), and his second wife Eliza. After Lavenu senior's death, Eliza went into partnership with the violinist Nicolas Mori (1796-1839), whom she married in 1826. Born well before this marriage, their eldest son, the composer Frank Mori (1820-1873) was thus Lewis Henry's stepbrother. The family business traded as "Mori & Lavenu" until Lewis Henry sold his interest in it to his partner Robert Hosdon in May 1844. Lavenu, brought up in music by his stepfather, studied at the Royal Academy of Music under Bochsa, and later with Charles Lucas, George Alexander Macfarren, and Cipriani Potter in composition, cello, and piano.

Between August 1840 and January 1841 Lavenu (assisted by his half-brother Frank) managed Liszt's tours of the British Isles. Lavenu married Julia Blossett, daughter of Col. John Blossett, head of the British expedition to assist Simon Bolivar in the war of independence in Venezuela. One of his daughters was the actress Ethel Lavenu (1842-1917), who was mother of the silent screen actor Tyrone Power, Sr., and grandmother of the Hollywood film star Tyrone Power. In November 1846, Lavenu's Loretta; a tale of Seville, a grand opera in three parts with libretto by Alfred Bunn, premiered at Drury Lane Theatre, with Anna Bishop as Loretta. After falling into insolvency in 1848, Lavenu became the conductor of the Irish singer Catherine Hayes, first in Britain, and then the United States (1851-52) and Australia.


Liszt, Lavenu, Mori concert program (16 September 1840)

"AMERICAN EXTRACTS", Empire (21 January 1852), 3

[News], Empire (12 May 1853), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Empire (12 May 1853), 2

"DEATH OF LEWIS HENRY LAVENU", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1859), 5

OUR readers will learn with surprise and deep regret that Mr. Lewis Henry Lavenu, the late talented Conductor of the University Festival, expired yesterday morning, at his residence, Horbury Terrace, Macquarie-street. He had been ill for some days, but owing to pressure of business, connected with the University Festival and the Prince of Wales Theatre, had neglected to take care of his health, and had even for some time omitted to take food. His illness was not at first of a dangerous character, and the symptoms - vomiting, pain, and constipation - yielded to medical treatment, but on Sunday evening a fit of an epileptic character came on; from excessive pain he became occasionally delirious, and imagined himself still conducting a musical force. Yesterday morning, however, he rallied a little, and about an hour before his death rose from his bed and expressed his determination to go to rehearsal; shortly afterwards what was considered a favourable symptom took place, and gave some slight hope; but his sufferings had been so acute, and his nervous system was so completely exhausted, that nature succumbed, and he breathed his last about 11 o'clock. Mr. Lavenu's abilities as a musician were of the highest order, and in the many musical entertainments over which it had been his lot to preside he was eminently successful; his death will prove a serious loss to the musical portion of the community, by whom his talents have been appreciated and acknowledged. At the period of his decease, he was, we believe, somewhere about 41 or 42 years of age. Mr. Lavenu was the son of the well-known publisher of music of that name, who formerly resided in Edward-street, Portman Square, and whose widow was subsequently married to Mori, the eminent violinist. By Mori the lamented subject of this notice was at an early age placed in the Royal Academy of Music, where, under the system, of tuition carried out in that admirable institution, he soon gave ample evidence of his aptitude and talent for the divine art. His abilities as a composer were displayed when still a mere youth, in his opera of Loretta - performed at the St. James's Theatre with considerable success, and he held diplomas as professor of violoncello, piano-forte, and for composition. Mr. Lavenu was very felicitous in his ballad compositions, amongst which "By the banks of Guadalquiver" and the popular "Molly Asthore" stand preeminent in the degree of favour with which they have been received by the musical public. He was the first man who brought Liszt, the great pianist, from Ratisbon, in Germany; and was at one time engaged by Biel as musical conductor through the English provinces during the tours of Grisi, Mario, and others; subsequently he was engaged as musical conductor to Miss Catherine Hayes, and travelled with her as such during that lady's professional visits, to the United States, California, Australia, and India; and we think the justice of our award will scarcely be questioned when we state that much of that lady's success may be attributed to the valuable assistance she derived from Mr. Lavenu in all matters connected with the orchestral department. In that branch of his profession he undoubtedly ranked very high; his practice as a violoncellist in the orchestra of the Academy, under Lindley, having no doubt contributed much to the acquirement of that ready tact and skill which he displayed in this difficult branch of the musical art. He was a very good pianist, his skill in that respect being chiefly confined to the unobtrusive but delicate and difficult duties of an accompanyist. His love of music was very intense, and his thorough knowledge of all its branches may be inferred from the fact that he arranged the score and adapted the opera of Il Trovatore, for a full orchestral representation, from a pianoforte copy. Up to the time of his illness he was busily engaged in arranging the operas of Rigoletto, Traviata, and Ernani; the score of the last named opera having been fully completed by him for representation. It is a somewhat singular fact that many great musicians have, shortly before death, composed those mournful strains with which their departure from this world is associated; such as Mozart's "Requiem", Weber's "Last Waltz", and many others that will be readily brought to mind; without seeking to institute any comparison we might refer to one portion of the overture to Trovatore composed by Mr. Lavenu, in which the most melancholy and plaintive strains are introduced - not suggested by the music of the opera - this, we believe, is one of his latest compositions. Mr. Lavenu was much esteemed by his professional friends, many of whom watched over him during his last hours, for his kindliness of manner, and the urbanity which always characterised his intercourse with them. It may not perhaps be deemed irrelevant to mention as a somewhat singular circumstance, that Mr. C. S. Packer, who three years ago followed to the tomb the remains of his own master in the orchestral branch of his studies at the Royal Academy of Music - the celebrated Bochsa - will, to-day, perform the same sad duty to one who was one of his own earliest pupils in the same institution. The funeral of the deceased gentlemen is appointed to take place this afternoon at two o'clock; and it is understood that besides his professional brethren - by whom he was sincerely respected - his remains will be followed to the grave by members of the University and the Festival Committee. From his late residence the funeral cortege will proceed to Christchurch, where a portion of the burial service will be read, and a short selection from the oratorio of the Messiah sung; the body will then be conveyed to the Cemetery at Newtown, to be placed beside the resting-place of the greatest musical genius that ever came upon our shores - the Chevalier Bocsha. Mr. Poole, out of respect to the deceased gentleman, has closed the Prince of Wales Theatre for this evening, and we are requested to state that, in consequence of the lamented and sudden death of Mr. Lavenu, the Band of the 12th Regiment will not perform in the Botanic Gardens this afternoon.

"A Christmas Eve's Adventure, AND WHAT CAME OF IT. A TRUE STORY (BY PAUL TWYFORD)", Nepean Times (23 December 1893), 2 

... probably the better to show off the long hair saturated with grease or oil and turned under so as to form a roll low down on the neck. This style of hair dressing was known as "The Lavenu curl," from a musical gentleman of that name who led the orchestra at the "old Vic." theatre, in Pitt-street. The cabbage-tree mob were regular frequenters of the theatres, and Lavenu was a great favourite with them. And they not only imitated his style of dressing his hair but they borrowed his well-known airs and whistled them in the streets. Rough and quarrelsome as these fellows were they had a keen appreciation of music; thus their great admiration for Mr. Robert Farquharson, the great basso, and later on the Howson family ...

Musical works (Australia):

The Hellespont polka ("composed and dedicated to Captain Watts and the officers of the screw steamship Hellespont") ([Sydney: Henry Marsh, 1853]

Cleopatra Polka ("Composed and dedicated to Robert McKean, Esq.") (Sydney: H. Marsh and Co., [1853])

Solo violoncello on airs from Somnambula:

[Advertisement], The Courier (8 October 1853), 3

It reminds me of thee (ballad; "composed expressly for Madame Sara Flower"; "Sung by Madame Sara Flower ... dedicated to Mrs. Stephen H. Marsh") (Sydney: Henry Marsh, [1854])

I cannot sing tonight (ballad; words: Haynes Bailey; composed by Lavenu for his pupil Maria Carandini; "Sung with great success by Madame Carandini") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857])

A tribute to Australia (song) (words: F. H. Dicker; for Catherine Hayes)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 October 1854), 1

"MISS HAYES' CHARITY FAREWELL CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 October 1854), 5

Serenade (for orchestra; on popular ballads)

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 November 1854), 8

Ida May ("new" "composed by Mr. Lavenu for Mr. White" [of Rainer's Ethiopian Serenaders])

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1855), 1

My Molly Asthore ("Ballad (new version) as sung by Catherine Hayes") (Sydney: H. Marsh, 1855; The Australian Cadeau No 17 (22 September 1855)

Molly Asthore ("sung by Miss Catherine Hayes") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857?])

Molly Asthore ("Composed for and sung by Miss Catherine Hayes"; with cover portrait of Lavenu and printed signature") ( Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1859]) (Lavenu memorial edition)

Kate Kearney, or the Lakes of Killarney ("The music composed and arranged by M. Lavenu")

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 February 1856), 8

Queen of the West ("In a few days will be published ... both poetry and music, by the late Mr. Lavenu") (composed for Madame Carandini; accompaniment by Charles Packer") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, 1859)

Once upon a time there were two kings ("The characteristic incidental music composed, selected, and arranged by L. Lavenu, Esq.")

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1859), 1

The vocal gems of Il trovatore [Verdi] ("arranged expressly for the publisher by the late L. H. Lavenu")

1 Ah! I have sighed to rest me (Ah! Che la morte); 2 Home to our Mountains (Ai nostri monti); 3 Tempest of the heart (Il balen del suo sorriso); 4 Breeze of the night (D'amor sull ali rosee); 5 Ah! Yes, thou'rt mine (Ah! Si ben mio); 6 In the combat (Mal reggendo) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1859])

Musical works (non-Australian editions)

Links to many digitised non-Australian editions can be browsed, along with Lavenu's Australian editions, here: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Other sources:

Rossini's grand opera of The barber of Seville, a lyric comedy, rendered into English by J. Wrey Mould, and produced at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, prima donna - Madame Clarisse Cailly, conductor - M. L. Lavenu (Melbourne: Wilson, Mackinnon & Fairfax, "Argus" Mercantile Printing Office, 1856) [wordbook] 

Bibliography and resources:

LAVER, William Adolphus

Violinist, music teacher, music editor, composer
Born Castlemaine, VIC, 20 August 1866
Died Kinglake, VIC, 2 July 1940 (NLA persistent identifier)


Bibliography and resources:

Thérèse Radic, "Laver, William Adolphus (1866-1940)", Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)

LAVERNE, Pattie (also Patti, Patty, LA VERNE)

Soprano vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 13 December 1880 (per Potosi, from London, 30 October)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 23 February 1882 (per R.M.S. Zealandia, for San Francisco)
Died UK, 24 April 1916"Pattie+Laverne" (TROVE search)


1880-12-14: The lovers of light music and spectacle will be glad to leam that Mr George Musgrove, who was long connected in business with the late Mr. W. S. Lyster, has returned to Melbourne by the Potosi. Mr Musgrove brings with him a new company, complete in its leading members, and a number of auxiliaries well trained to make the most of subordinate parts. Miss Patty Laverne is the principal lady, and the name is well known in the English performance of modern French comic opera. With her are Miss Agnes Consuelo and Miss Nelly Hope. Mr Albert Brenner is the leading tenor, and his name is also well known to the readers of the home theatrical news-papers . . .

1881-12-24: COLONIAL TELEGRAMS ... Melbourne, December 22. Pattie Laverne ceases her connection with the Musgrove Opera Company on Friday, when Elsa May takes her place.

1882-02-25: TELEGRAMS. ADELAIDE, February 23 . . . Mr. Musgrove, the manager of the Opera Company now performing at the Theatre Royal, writes denying that the company is a remnant of the Tambour Major lot. He says he offered Pattie Laverne £40 a week, with travelling expenses and costumes, but she wanted £60, which he refused.

1916-06-19: The death took place recently in London of Pattie Laverne, a sprightly and attractive comic opera artiste, who made her name in the old Opera Comique, London, in the early seventies, and subsequently visited the Antipodes under engagement to Williamson and Musgrove to play the leading part in the firm's brilliant production of "La Fille du Tambor Major;" about 1880. Miss Laverne possessed a powerful, flexible, and true soprano, and a vivacity of expression and charm in acting which suited her particularly for opera bouffe and comic opera. She retired from the stage some years ago.


[News], The Argus (14 December 1880), 5

"ARRIVED", The Australasian (18 December 1880), 14

"MISS PATTIE LAVERNE", Illustrated Australian News (31 December 1880), 251

"COLONIAL TELEGRAMS", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (24 December 1881), 21

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1882), 4

"TELEGRAMS", Border Watch (25 February 1882), 3

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The West Australian (19 June 1916), 5 

Bibliography and resources:

David Stone, "Pattie Laverne", 2006 


= George Frederick LAURENT (above)

LAWS, Horace

Vocalist, conductor (Longford Philharmonic Society)

Active Longford, TAS, by 1853
Died London, 12 October 1888, aged 57


Secretary of the Longford Philharmonic Society at its foundation in September 1858, Horace Laws was also, with John Adams, among its first conductors. He left for Melbourne in September 1866.


[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (23 September 1858), 3

"THE LONGFORD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (5 January 1860), 2

"THE LONGFORD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (8 May 1860), 3

"THE CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (31 May 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (7 July 1860), 2

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 August 1860), 4

"CONCERT OF THE LONGFORD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (4 October 1860), 3

"LONGFORD", Launceston Examiner (27 September 1866), 2

"Mr. Laws' reply", Launceston Examiner (27 September 1866), 2

"Deaths", The Argus (28 November 1888), 1

"Deaths", Launceston Examiner (1 December 1888), 1

"LONGFORD", Launceston Examiner (29 April 1895), 6


Vocalist, countertenor

Active Parramatta and Sydney, NSW, 1827-29


"To the Editor", The Australian (7 April 1827), 2 

On Monday last a concert was held at Mr. Nash's inn, Parramatta, when Mrs. Jones made her appearance here, for the first time. The company, amounting to fifty or sixty persons, were very respectable. They were well pleased with Mrs. Jones's songs, which were numerous. Mr. Layton afterwards made his debut, and sung a variety of songs, which were well received by the company ...

"MR. LEVEY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (22 August 1829), 3 

... 'O Lady Fair!" a Glee, next followed, and was very well executed. The counter tenor voice of Mr. Layton pleased those well who listened to his notes. This Glee was also loudly encored ...


Vocalist, actor, theatrical manager

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 1 December 1801
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 27 February 1837 (per Lady McNaughten, from Leith, 9 May via Hobart)
Departed Adelaide, SA, 1863 (for New Zealand)
Died New Zealand, 8 June 1879 (NLA persistent identifier)

LAZAR, Rachel (Miss LAZAR; Mrs. Andrew MOORE, see MOORE, Rachel)

Vocalist, dancer, actor

LAZAR, Samuel

Opera and theatrical manager, playwright

Born Sydney, NSW, 1838
Died Cook's River Asylum, NSW, 14 November 1883



The actor-manager John Lazar, a key figure in early Australian theatre (and thus also in music), was himself only an occasional singer, but performed comic and sentimental songs nevertheless. During his first Sydney season, at the Theatre Royal in September 1837 a performance of Selby's 1835 London comedy Catching an heiress featured Lazar playing Tom Twig "in which character he will sing the original Song of The statue fair, and an entire new Medley Baron Sowererouizensausengen". That month too he sang the very popular Scots song Lord Ullin's daughter. In Adelaide in 1849, the press lamented "a low piece of travestie injudiciously introduced by Mr. Lazar, purporting to be a buffo, in other words, a clap-trap parody on the opera of Cinderella." His daughter Rachel married the violinist Andrew Moore.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Colonist (28 September 1837), 7

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 May 1837), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (4 September 1837), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (15 September 1837), 2

"MR. GRIFFITH'S CONCERT", South Australian (16 March 1849), 3

"THE LATE MR. JOHN LAZAR", West Coast Times (11 June 1879), 2

"The AUCKLAND WEEKLY NEWS", Australian Town and Country Journal (5 July 1879), 28

"OBITUARY", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 November 1883), 11

Bibliography and resources:

G. L. Fisher, "Lazar, John (1801-1879)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

LAZARUS, Abraham Barnet

Amateur violinist (pupil of James HUNTER), conductor (Bendigo Liedertafel), medical doctor

Born VIC, 1864 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

LAZARUS, Daniel Barnet

Amateur violinist, politician

Born VIC, 1866 (NLA persistent identifier)



Active Perth, 1845


"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

? "DEATHS", The Inquirer (19 May 1869), 2


LEE, David

Professor of Music, music retailer, organist, organ builder, music publisher, composer

Born Armagh, Ireland, 20 March 1837
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 26 July 1864 (per Morning Light)
Died South Yarra, Melbourne, VIC, 12 May 1897, aged 60 (NLA persistent identifier)


Brother of Harcourt LEE, David Lee was active in Melbourne by 1865, as a concert artist and as organist of St. Luke's Emerald Hill and associated with the Melbourne Philharmonic. In Collins-Street east in September 1866, "Mr. David Lee and Mr. Samuel Kaye (professors of music)" opened a Pianoforte and Harmonium Warehouse (see entry on Samuel KAYE for details of their publishing business). Lee and Kaye served as conductor and organist of the Melbourne Philharmonic, and later briefly shared responsibilities as City Organist, a role taken over by Lee alone after Kaye's departure. According to organist George PEAKE (quoted in Carne, scanned edition, 27):

Mr. Lee was a musician of undoubted ability, shrewd, business like and full of energy. Mainly by his own personal exertions and natural gifts he rose from a bank clerk to become one of the most successful and popular musicians in the Colony. Leaving the banking business, he became a piano tuner, organist of Collins Street Independent Church, Conductor of the Philharmonic Society, City Organist, music seller and organ builder. He was ever on good terms with himself, bright and cheery in disposition, and generally successful in impressing his friends with the value of his ability. His advice to the chorus 'to keep one eye on the Conductor and one on the music' came bubbling to the surface with great frequency, much to his own enjoyment. His keen business instinct possibly affected his musical judgment, while his bonhomie and personal popularity probably disarmed criticism, much to his own disadvantage as a public musician. His musical enterprise appeared to be influenced by a desire to please the public and win popularity rather than promote the educational and progressive advance of musical art. His troops of friends and easily-won popularity were not calculated to lead to any continuous development of his natural gifts and fine musical talent. Altogether he gained an ascendancy in the Philharmonic Society which made him aggressive and difficult to manage ...

An interesting lost musical work by Lee is a song called The ins and outs of responsible government (words by E. G. Fitzgibbon), newly published and briefly reviewed in The Argus in February 1880.


"DUBLIN", The Musical Times 11 (1 March 1863), 8

[News], The Argus (27 February 1865), 4

[News], The Argus (8 March 1865), 4

[News], The Argus (6 December 1865), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 September 1866), 8

"INTERCOLONIAL EXHIBITION", The Argus (4 December 1866), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 December 1868), 8

"MR. DAVID LEE'S CONCERT", The Argus (17 March 1874), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 December 1875), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 July 1876), 3

"THE SCOT'S CHURCH", The Argus (25 July 1876), 7

"ALLAN AND CO.'S NEW MUSIC WAREHOUSE", The Argus (5 October 1876), 10

[News], The Argus (28 February 1880), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (13 May 1897), 1

"DEATH OF MR. DAVID LEE", The Argus (13 May 1897), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (10 May 1916), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Carne 1954

Sally O'Neill, "Lee, David (1837-1897)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

Helen Jones, "Lee, Mary (1821-1909)", Australian Dictionary of Biography 10 (1986)

LEE, Harcourt

Professor of Music, pianist, orchestral conductor, composer

Born Ireland, c.1844 (younger brother of David LEE)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1862 (assisted immigrant per Morning Light, aged 18, from Liverpool)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 18 May 1908, aged 64 years


[Advertisement], The Argus (2 September 1863), 8

"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Argus (15 February 1864), 5

[News], The Argus (12 October 1867), 4

"Deaths", The Argus (6 June 1908), 12

"DEATHS", The Argus (24 June 1908), 1

Musical works:

The duke of Edinburgh waltz ([Melbourne]: [W. H. Glen], [1867])

Melbourne Exhibition quadrille, in Glen's exhibition album (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [1880?])

LEE, J. C.

Vocalist, bones player (New York Serenaders)

Active Australia, 1851


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1851), 133

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1851), 2

LEE, J. H.

Minstrel, serenader, banjoist, banjo player (West's Minstrels, Empire Minstrels)

Active Bendigo, VIC, and Adelaide, SA, 1858


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (23 June 1838), 1 

[Advertisement], South Australian Weekly Chronicle (31 July 1838), 1 supplement 

LEE, John Herman Selwyn

Actor, manager, comedian, comic vocalist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by June 1834

Died by 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Lee, later described as an "Irish comedian", first appeared at the theatres in Hobart and Launceston during 1834 and 1835, before sailing for Sydney. Last heard of, Lee was managing the Theatre Royal, Geelong, in Victoria in April 1851. Two years later, in Adelaide, one of the performing dogs of "the late J. H. S. Lee" was billed to appear at the theatre. Though principally an actor, he also danced and sang, mostly comic songs, but also occasionally in more serious solos and duets. He appeared in a principal role in George Peck's Der Freischütz in Sydney in 1838, though it is unclear whether, or perhaps more likely not, he sang. During the 1840s he also appeared with his performing dogs.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (17 December 1835), 2 

[Advertising], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 September 1838), 3 

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (9 April 1851), 1 

[Advertisement], The Courier (29 September 1853), 2 

LEE, John

Itinerant, composer

Active Hobart, TAS, 1862


"POLICE COURT", The Mercury (14 October 1862), 2

IDLE AND DISORDERLY. John Lee charged with being an idle and disorderly person, and begging from public-house to public-house under pretence of shewing his manuscript musical compositions, was sentenced to three months' imprisonment, this being the second occasion on which he had left the Invalid Depot to pursue the same course.

LEE, Joseph

Travelling musician, itinerant musician

Active TAS, 1856


"KINGSTON. THE LATE APPALLING MURDER", The Courier (13 November 1856), 2

... Joseph Lee, sworn. - Stated that he was a travelling musician; helped the last witness to carry the body of the deceased on Thursday from off the bush to the township; did not know the deceased.

LEE, Philip

Violinist, orchestra leader, quadrille band leader, pianist, publican

Born ? c.1810 (? 1812)
Arrived Kingscote, Kangaroo Island, SA, 20 November 1836 (per Tam O'Shanter, from London, 20 July)
Active Sydney, 1839; Adelaide, from 1839
Died Glenelg, 8 January 1861, aged 51 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


An Adelaide merchant, Lee gave a "Select Ball" in December 1838 at which he played the violin and a Herr Draving sang and played guitar. He was perhaps related to the actor and singer John Lee active in Sydney theatre. Philip was anyway in Sydney during the first half of 1839, playing with Deane at a Cecilian Society meeting in March. In June, Lee directed a civilian band at a "St. Andrew's Ball" (though obviously not St. Andrew's Day) and was himself leader at a Cecilian Society concert which included the overtures of Don Giovanni, Barber of Seville, and Masaniello. Back in Adelaide, Lee was "Leader of the Orchestra" when Cameron announced theatrical entertainments in October. In February 1848, he was leader of the band at Lazar's New Queen's Theatre, and in 1849, he was an associate artist in Wallace and Ellard's concerts. In 1851-52 he was still giving his services to the theatre gratuitously.


[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (29 July 1837), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (19 May 1838), 2 

[Advertisement], South Australian (15 September 1838), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (15 December 1838), 4

"The Cecilian Society", The Australian (9 March 1839), 3

[Letter], "To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 June 1839), 3

"CECILIAN SOCIETY", The Sydney Herald (28 June 1839), 2

"THE CECILIAN CONCERT", The Colonist (29 June 1839), 2

"THE ST. ANDREW'S BALL" & "CECILIAN CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 June 1839), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian (30 October 1839), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 February 1841), 1s

[Advertisement], South Australian (13 August 1841), 1

[Advertisement], Adelaide Observer (26 December 1846), 1

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE", South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (2 January 1847), 3 

"THE HUNT BALL", South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (26 June 1847), 2 

... The orchestra, composing eight good performers - in which a well played flute deserves mention - was under the guidance of Mr Philip Lee - better known by the soubriquet, first given to him by the great O.G. at a large and fashionable party of intending colonists in London, in 1836, as the "South Australian Paganini." It is but justice to Mr. Lee to say that on this occasion the music was excellent, and tended greatly to promote the pleasures of the evening ...

"RESIDENT MAGISTRATES COURT", South Australian Register (10 June 1848), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian (29 February 1848), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (6 October 1848), 3

"WEDNESDAY'S CONCERT", South Australian (13 March 1849), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (1 May 1849), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (1 September 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (8 May 1852), 2

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (10 January 1861), 2

"THE LATE MR. PHILIP LEE", The South Australian Advertiser (10 January 1861), 2 

"The Week", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (27 October 1888), 11 

We have to record the death of another old colonist in the person of Mrs. Elizabeth Lee, whose demise occurred at Glenelg at an early hour on Tuesday morning. The deceased, who had reached the age of 74 years, had not been in her usual health for some four weeks past, and the sad event was not unexpected by her friends. She arrived in South Australia with her husband, the late Philip Lee, in the Tam O'Shanter in 1836, and has lived here ever since. The late Philip Lee was well known to old colonists as a talented violinist. Mrs. Lee and her husband were the first Jewish settlers who landed in the colony. The deceased lady was very fond of talking over the early history of the colony, and had a vivid recollection of events which happened in those days. She was of a cheerful disposition, and until the illness which proved fatal had had no serious ailment. The family left are Mr. J. P. Lee, of Adelaide; Mr. L. P. Lee, who is in America; Mrs. Louis Barnard, of Melbourne; Mrs. B. Solomon and Mrs. S. Barnard, of Glenelg; and one single daughter. There are nine grandchildren.





Chinese musicians

Active Ballarat, 1863


[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

... At about nine o'clock Mr. Lang, the assiduous president of the institute, brought up to the orchestra a band of some tea or a dozen Chinese, whose services he had enlisted in the good cause. It had been announced that Mr. Ah Coon, the Government interpreter, would favor the company with songs in the Malay, Amoy, and Chin Choo dialects, but Mr. Ah Coon, it appears, did not feel himself in sufficiently robust health to trust his reputation as a vocalist to the hazard of an attempt that evening, confining himself to heralding to the audience the performances of his compatriots. With Chinese music and musical instruments our readers are somewhat familiar, but we dare say they will not be sorry to have the comments of an explanatory paper handed to us on Saturday evening by the president. From this we learn that Ge Sin played on the Kong-wai. The drums covered with buffalo skins were played by Ah Kow, and the gong by Le Tak. The Chinese guitar, or moot-kem, a flat circular instrument with four strings, played on by means of a small piece of bone, was manipulated by Lee-Sem. Wee-Pin played with bone the Sam-yen, a guitar like instrument of three strings, the sounding board being covered with snake-skin. The pan-ewoo, a flat disc of wood for the purpose of keeping time, was beaten by sticks. The shap-ar, a small oblong piece of hardwood six inches by three, was also used for marking time. Wee Pin played the cymbals or cha, well known to dwellers in Ballarat East. Lee Tak also played the gong or laur,  "very effective", as Mr. Lang says, "in producing loud music". Lee Yeng and Lee Chok played the tee-uh or tuk-tie, which produced sounds similar to the Scotch bagpipes, or Scotch organ, as Ah Coon calls the instrument. As we have before stated, Mr. Ah Coon did not sing, but Lee Tak and Kong Wai did. The first sang in his natural voice, and the second in falsetto; but, owing to the ponderousness of the accompaniment, neither could be heard. At the conclusion of the songs, the party retired amidst the applause which courtesy, if not appreciation demanded.

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3

LEES, Renee (Reene)

Pianist, composer

Born Sydney, 18 November 1882


"MISS RENEE LEES'S BENEFIT", Evening News (29 August 1894), 3

Miss Renee Lees, a pupil of Herr Josef Kretschmann, gave a pianoforte recital in the Y.M.C.A. Hall last night in the presence of an audience that filled the entire building. The young debutante has not yet reached the age of 11, and the only rational way to account for her wonderful performance is to write her down at once a genius. Not only did she surprise and captivate her audience by her skill as a pianist, but she even appeared in the role of composer, and in a programme including the names of Bach, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Chopin, Liszt, and Mariani, an honored place was found for three little bracketed compositions of Renee Lees ... Her rendering of "Preludio and Fuga No. 2" [Bach] was a revelation, and the almost perfect expression she gave to the language of the music of Beethoven's Clavier Concerto" (Emperor), E flat, with string quartette accompaniment, filled the audience with delight. They were both masterly efforts. The technique was all that could be desired, and the style clear, crisp, showy, pleasantly suggesting Kowalski ... As for her settings of the songs "Lullaby," "The Mill," and "The Brook" (pleasingly rendered by Madame Marie St.Clair), if it cannot be said that they display any marked originality they at least give forth great promise of better work to come. The simple melodies of "Lullaby" and "The Brook" made those numbers popular. The theme of "The Mill" was rather more ambitious, and sounded hard and unsympathetic. The composer, it may be added, played the accompaniments in a very able manner ...

[News], Evening News (21 April 1900), 2s

The clever young pianist, Renee Lees, who recently left Sydney with her mother, has met with a very gratifying reception since her arrival in London on the part of various musical experts ...

Musical works:


LEFFLER, Edmund Ironsides (1809-1873)

LEFFLER, Elizabeth Madeleine (b. 1847)

See mainpage "Edmund Leffler and family"


LEGGATT, Thomas (d. 1846)

LEGGATT, Thomas, junior (d. 1873)

See mainpage "Thomas Leggatt" 

LEGGE, William

Professor of music, piano tuner, composer

Active Gippsland, VIC, by 1866 (formerly of Bury St. Edmunds, England)
Died Sale, VIC, 2 June 1876, aged 47


[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (18 April 1862), 1

"MR. LEGGE'S CONCERT", Gippsland Times (31 October 1862), 3

"THE INQUEST", Gippsland Times (27 February 1863) 4

[News], The Argus (30 July 1867), 5

[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (24 September 1867), 2

[News], Gippsland Times (28 September 1867), 2

Our readers will recollect that Mr W. Legge, so well known in musical circles, whilst out shooting some time ago on the Avon River met with an accident which necessitated the amputation of his left arm. To a professor of music, this was an irreparable loss, and Mr. Legge has had many friends to sympathise him in his misfortune.

"AMATEUR DRAMATIC PERFORMANCE", Gippsland Times (3 October 1867), 3

"AMATEUR COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", Gippsland Times (14 March 1868), 3

"AMATEUR CONCERT", Gippsland Times (5 December 1868), 3

A quadrille "Le jour de naissance", composed by Mr. W. Legge was rendered by the band in an inspiriting manner.

"DEATHS", Gippsland Times (3 June 1876), 2 

Musical work:

Thou art lovelier, song, poetry written by Richard Howitt, music composed & dedicated to the lady musical amateurs of Gippsland, by William Legge

(Melbourne: C. Troedel, litho., n.d.) 

LE GRAND, Louise (Mdlle. Louise LEGRAND)

Pianist, vocalist, teacher of singing

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1873; until 1875 (? 1897)


[Advertisement], The Argus (21 April 1873), 1

LESSONS in SINGING. Mdlle. LOUISE LEGRAND (for four years pupil of the great maestro Mons. Wartel, of Paris, the professor of the celebrated prima donnas Mesdames Trebelli and Nilsson). Will receive private PUPILS in SINGING. Testimonials from Mons. Wartel. Address Mademoiselle Louise Legrand, 33 Princes-street, Fitzroy, Melbourne.

"LAUNCESTON", The Mercury (17 May 1875), 2

[News], The Argus (12 July 1875), 5

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 January 1885), 25

? [Advertisement], Evening News (5 August 1897), 8

LEGREW, Charles

? Violinist, leader of the orchestra, actor, entertainer, serenader, minstrel

Active Melbourne, VIC, by June 1857
Died at seas (Southern Indian Ocean), 1863


[Advertisement], The Argus (20 June 1857), 8

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 October 1858), 1

"STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (12 November 1858), 2

... Nor must we forget Mr. Legrew, who may be compared to an anphibious animal, being equally capable of delighting us with the Sweet strains of music, as he is in treating us to the pleasures of the sack and buskin ...

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (20 November 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 October 1860), 8 

[News], Geelong Advertiser (2 December 1863), 2

Many of our readers will be glad to learn some of the particulars of the sad fate of Mr. Charles Legrew, who for a long time was a favorite violinist of Maldon. Mr. Sandford, the champion dancer, informs us that the Negro Operatic Troupe, of which himself, Legrew, little White and Boley, all well known on Tarrengower, were voyaging from Madagascar to the Mauritius, when the ship was overtaken by a violent squall while on a lee shore; she foundered about a mile from land; poor Legrew was one of the first lost, and Boley, although a strong swimmer, was so disheartened at witnessing his wife and family drowned that he succumbed and sank. Two seamen and White and Sandford alone reached the shore alive, but White and the seamen fell victims to the fever after a short time, and Sandford is the sole survivor left to tell the melancholy tale. - Tarrengower Times.


W. Howson


Explorer, naturalist

Born Trebatsch, Brandenburg, Germany, 23 October 1813
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 14 February 1842 (passenger per Sir Edward Paget, from London, October 1841)
Died ? Queensland, mid 1848 (NLA persistent identifier)


Ludwig Leichhardt, letter to his brother-in-law, Carl Schmalfuss, 23 March 1842; transcr., transl., Marcel Aurousseau, The Letters of F. W. Ludwig Leichhardt (London: Hakluyt Society/ Cambridge University Press, 1968), II, 432 (translation 439)

Since I left my native land and left you all behind, I have never felt so much at home as I do here. One of my fellow passengers was a music teacher, a young married man with no children who had followed his brother-in-law [John Skinner Prout] to Sydney. When we arrived, he took a house at the exorbitant rent of 1000 dollars a year. As he had a small room to spare, he asked me to lodge with him to help him to meet his expenses.

Letter to Stephen Hale Marsh, 12 August 1844 

Ludwig Leichhardt, letter to C. Schmalfuss, 21 October 1847; Aurousseau, III, 960 (translation 965)

I've never been so deeply moved by music as I once was during my passage from England to Sydney. It was on a stormy night ... I had been listening intently to the confused uproar for a long time when I suddenly got up and stepped into Mr. Marsh's cabin ... And there he was, improvising on the harp. The measured sounds, after the rushing and roaring disorder of the wind and the waves out there in the dark, moved me with such strength and reassurance as to bring tears to my eyes. I had the same feelings when I read Schiller again. With what instinctive, clairvoyant understanding he was able to interpret situations in which his own life could never have placed him:

... by harsh custom far estranged,
Along the glad and guileless track
To childhood's happy home unchanged,
The sweet song wafts the wanderer back.

"LEICHHARDT'S LAST HOME CORRESPONDENCE", The Argus (13 September 1865), 5

An intelligent, much-liked tobacco merchant, named Aldis, had assisted me when I started before most friendly and strongly, and he was the first whom I met when I landed. When he had recollected me (and this took a pretty long time) he gave vent to his feelings in such a glorifying welcome that I did not know what to think of it. And when he accompanied me to Lynd's house, and called out to everybody in the street. "There is Leichardt, whom we buried long ago, about whom we sang songs of death; he comes from Port Essington, and has conquered the wilderness."

John Frederick Mann, Eight months with Dr. Leichhardt, in the years 1846-47 (Sydney: Turner and Henderson, 1888), 66 

. . . He really had no taste for drawing, nor could he distinguish one picture from another any more than he could distinguish one tune from another; he did not like music, there were only two tunes he cared to listen to. They were the huntsman's chorus in Der Freischütz and the overture to Masaniello . . .


Colin Roderick, Leichhardt, the dauntless explorer (Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1988), 169

[Marsh] had a difference with Isaac Nathan ... Nathan walked straight into the upper circle of Sydney society and was much in demand. Marsh, on the other hand, had no such credentials. He had a wretched life with his first wife, and led a cat-and-dog life with his second. Leichhardt was uncomfortable in this family circle, the only member of which with whom he felt happy being the wife of the artist John Skinner Prout, Marsh's brother-in-law.

As Roderick explained, when Robert Lynd then offered Leichhardt free lodging at the George Street Barracks, he was happy to move on.

Musical works (for Leichhardt):

Leichhardt's grave; an elegiac ode, on the scarcely doubtful fate of the amiable and talented naturalist - Leichhardt - whose life there is too much reason to fear has been sacrificed in the cause of science, whilst endeavouring to effect an overland route to Port Essington; poet Robert Lynd, esq; composer, I. Nathan, esq.

(Sydney: W. Baker, Hibernian Press; London: Falkner, 1845) (DIGITISED)

Thy greeting home again; a paean on Leichhardt's return from Port Essington; poet: A. K. Silvester, esq. - composer: I. Nathan, esq.

(Sydney: Wm. Ford; London: Cramer, Addison and Beale, n.d. [1846]) (DIGITISED)

[Recte, E. K. Silvester]

The traveller's return, song, with an accompaniment for the harp or piano-forte, composed on the occasion of Dr. Leichhardt's return to Sydney, and dedicated to the members of the Royal Geographical Society, by S. H. Marsh ("[words] written by A. K. Sylvester"

(London: T. Boosey & Co., n.d.)

[Recte, E. K. Silvester] (DIGITISED)

Dr. Leichhardt's march, for the harp, composed on the successful termination of his expedition, after having traversed a distance of nearly 3000 miles through a portion of Australia, hitherto untrodden by civilized man, by his friend, S. H. Marsh

(London: T. Boosey & Co., n.d.) (DIGITISED)

Dr. Leichhardt's march, for the the piano ... (DIGITISED)


William Henry Aldis

Stephen Hale Marsh

Isaac Nathan


Musician (German Band)

Active Brisbane, QLD, 1855-56


"ACCIDENT WITH FIREARMS", The Moreton Bay Courier (22 December 1855), 2

On Monday evening last, as a young man named Johann Leinhardt, one of the German band of musicians brought up by the Circus company, was firing a pistol near the ferry wharf, during the general rejoicing on account of the victory at Sevastopol when the pistol exploded, lacerating his hand in a terrible manner. He was conveyed to the hospital where it was found that one of the fingers was blown off, and the other had to be amputated. This poor young man, quite a stranger in the colony, has been maimed, and prevented from future pursuit of his musical career, by the thoughtless but well-intentioned manifestation in his sympathy with the general feeling, and his case seems well worthy of commiseration, and something more substantial, from the inhabitants.

"RAPID CURE", The Moreton Bay Courier (5 January 1856), 2



Active Beechworth, VIC, 1857


"POLICE COURT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (24 June 1857), 2


Flute player, composer

Born Ballarat, VIC, 22 June 1861
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 16 August 1949 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged) (NLA persistent identifier)


Summrary (to 1900):

Lemmone (pronounced and sometimes spelt "Lemmoné") was born John Lemon, was the son of a Greek emigrant gold miner (originally Lamoni). Largely self-taught on the tin whistle and fife, Lemmone was 12 when he bought his first flute with gold he'd panned himself on the Ballarat goldfields. In his teens he began playing in Melbourne theatre orchestras, and having changed his name to Lemmone, toured Australia with Amy Sherwin in 1887-89. Lemmone spent the mid-1890s in Europe, appearing in concert again with Nellie Melba (they first appeared together in Melbourne in 1884, their joint debut concert), Adelina Patti, and Paderewski. Already by 1897, he had diversified his activities away from merely performing to concert presenting. That year, The Sydney Morning Herald reported: "Mr. John Lemmone arrived in Sydney yesterday after an absence of more than three years, during which time this Australian artist has won a recognised position as the foremost flautist of the day in London; he now expects to remain in Australia in order to bring out world famous artists, contracts with some of whom are already signed."


"MISS NARELLE'S CONCERTS", The Mercury (22 January 1902), 3 

... Mr. John Lemmone stands alone in Australia as a flautist. Musicians who excel on this delightful instrument make a small percentage of members of the profession. The names of Giammona, Lemmone, and Stoneham are, perhaps, the only ones that will at once occur to the average Australian looking back twenty years or more. Mr. Lemmone's performances on Tuesday night can only be described by the use of the word "splendid." His first number was a descriptive solo, "The wind among the trees," by Briccialdi, and his second (in the programme) "Echoes of Naples," by Paggi. The reproduction of the wind whistling among the trees was wonderfully vivid, and the production of soft sounds, followed by their echo, was a marvel of composition and execution.

Bibliography and resources:

Graeme Skinner, "Lemmone, John", Dictionary of Sydney (2008)

LENCIONI, Maurice (Maurice LENCIONI)

Priest, musician, vocalist, choirmaster

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1843
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1847
Died Morphett Vale, SA, 6 April 1864, in his 50 year


An Italian Passionist priest, Lencioni taught music and singing, and it is recorded that on August 8th, 1847 he conducted the choir at a Pontifical High Mass at St. Patrick's Church, ? Adelaide. One of his singing pupils, Thomas Bastard, recorded:

After a time I was summoned by the Bishop, and told it was my duty to join the choir. I explained that I was but a poor scholar, and did not understand English, much less Latin; but he introduced me to Father Maurice Lencioni, a good man, who held the office of choir singing-master and confessor, and whose duty it was to visit the sick, bury the dead, and bring young people together for marriage. Everybody liked this priest, myself particularly. He was an Italian, a splendid musician, and gifted with a good voice; he undertook to teach me the Latin service, and he had his work to do. It was a long time before I could manage it; but at length I succeeded fairly well, but never became A1.


"SOUTH AUSTRALIA", Empire (27 March 1856), 2

"MUSIC FESTIVAL AT MINTARO", South Australian Register (9 October 1860), 3

"THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CATHEDRAL", South Australian Register (2 April 1861), 3

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (7 April 1864), 2

"THE LATE REV. MAURICE LENCIONI", South Australian Register (8 April 1864), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Thomas Bastard, The autobiography of Cockney Tom (Adelaide: McClory and Masterman, 1881)

LENCIONI, Luigi (Signor P. [? Pierluigi])

Basso buffo vocalist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1886
Died Sydney, NSW, 4 February 1891


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1886), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1889), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 February 1891), 8


? Composer

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1867


"THE LEVEE", Portland Guardian (16 December 1867), 3

The Duke was also presented with a copy of a local musical production by Mr. Lennox, entitled "The Duke's Welcome to Australia."

J. G. Knight, Narrative of the visit of his royal highness the duke of Edinburgh to the colony of Victoria, Australia (Melbourne: Mason, Firth, 1868) 

LEO, Thomas

Trombone player, bandsman (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1


Bandsman (Burton's Band)

Active SA, 1856


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3 

Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same.


Ballet troupe, theatrical dancers, musicians

3 brothers George, Tom, Henry


Ballet master

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1857
Died ? August 1904


LEOPOLD, Fanny ("Fraulein Fannie"; Mrs. Henry LEOPOLD)

Died Fitzroy, VIC, 12 July 1885, aged 46



Theatre-orchestra conductor

Died Sydney, NSW, 28 April 1895

Died Carlton, VIC, 18 June 1871


January 1858: The celebrated Leopold family, consisting of Joseph Leopold, George Leopold, Jane Leopold, Fanny Leopold, and a corps de ballet, sailed middle of September for the Christmas Harlequinade, all first-class artistes in their departments. 1859: At the Melbourne District Court, recently, Mr. George Leopold, on behalf of the Leopold family, sued Mr. George Coppin, the proprietor of the Theatre Royal, for £3 10s., being wages for the part they performed in the morning pantomime of the 8th January. The family had entered into an agreement in London before coming to Melbourne, and were there given to understand that all morning performances were to be paid for extra. ...

Obituary (1871): DEATH OF MR. TOM LEOPOLD. The Herald chronicles with regret the decease of this gentleman on Sunday last, June 18, at his residence, Lygon street, Carlton. The late Mr. Leopold was a dancer and pantomimist of the highest class, and gained his early experience from Tom Matthews, Barnes, Jefferini, and other English pantomime artists. In company with his brothers George and Henry, and Fraulein Fanny (Mrs. Henry Leopold), he left England under engagement to Mr. George Coppin, and with them appeared for the first time in Australia in Akhurst's pantomime, Whittington and his Cat, in December, 1857. Some two years back Mr. Leopold caught a very violent cold, which ultimately took the form of chronic pleurisy, to which he ultimately succumbed after severe suffering. He was privately buried in the Melbourne Cemetery. 

1904: The late Mr. George Leopold (says Melbourne "Sporting and Dramatic News") left £2,814 to various members of his family. The real estate was valued at £2,265 and personal £549. The will was proved under his proper name - Geo. Wooldridge.


[Advertisement], The Argus (16 December 1857), 8

"MR. GEORGE COPPIN, THE AUSTRALIAN MANAGER", The Courier (25 January 1858), 2

"CHARLIE NAPIER", The Star (8 November 1858), 2

"ODDS AND ENDS", The Courier (4 February 1859), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 December 1863), 8

"HAYMARKET THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (5 August 1859), 3

"PRODUCTION OF SHAKESPEARE'S TEMPTEST AT THE PRINCE OF WALES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 September 1869), 5

"DEATH OF MR. TOM LEOPOLD", South Australian Register (26 June 1871), 4

"Deaths", The Argus (15 July 1885), 1

"DEATH OF FRAULIEN FANNIE (MRS. HENRY LEOPOLD)", The Lorgnette (20 July 1885), 2 

"OLD LAUNCESTON PLAYBILLS", Launceston Examiner (28 November 1891), 1s

"DEATHS", Evening News (29 April 1895), 4

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1895), 8

[News], Barrier Miner (15 August 1904), 2

"DRAMATIC NOTES", The Mercury (17 August 1904), 7

"DRAMATIC NOTES", The Mercury (5 October 1904), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Irvin, Dictionary, 160


Tenor vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, June and July 1843


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1843), 2 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. OPEN EVERY EVENING. THIS EVENING, MONDAY, JUNE 19, 1843, WILL he presented for the first time in this Colony, Rossini's celebrated Opera of "FIGARO, THE BARBER OF SEVILLE, - with the whole of the original Music, and in which Mr. LESLIE (a gentleman of great musical Celebrity), will have the honour of making his first appearance before a Sydney audience ... Mr. J. LAZAR, Manager.

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (21 June 1843), 2

THE BARBER OF SEVILLE was performed on Monday night; and, as we predicted, drew a full and fashionable audience ... Tho overtur - very creditably sustained by the band - the charming duets "Ecco ridente," and "All idea"; the cavatina "Una voce poco fa"; the mock bravura "Largo al factotum"; the trio "Zitti, zitti"; and the beautiful finale to the second act, were amongst the compositions of Rossini retained in the libretto, and even with the ineffaceable recollections of European performances, we were much delighted. A debutant named Leslie made his bow as Fiorello, and exhibited vocal powers of a very superior kind. His voice is a tenor of moderate compass, but of much sweetness in the upper notes; and whilst he made no attempt to astound by its stentorian power, he displayed a quiet beauty of style, a passion, and a general refinement, which we have seldom heard exceeded save in those rare examples to which the stamp of greatness has been affixed in Europe, and with which it would be unfair to compare Mr. Leslie. Mr. Lazar has added to his reputation by his spirited performance of Figaro. Independent of his admirable delineation of the character, his execution of the difficult music afforded a gratification, compared with which, some recent buffa displays are insignificant and insipid ...

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1843), 2 

THIS EVENING, Friday, June 23, 1843 ... for the second time, Rossini's popular Opera of FIGARO, THE BARBER OF SEVILLE ... and in which Mr. LESLIE will have the honour of making his second appenrance in the character of FIORELLO ...

"NEW MUSIC", The Australian (28 June 1843), 2 

Mr.Ellard has just published Balfe's beautiful song of "The Blighted Flower," which has been recently introduced with distinguished success by Mr. Leslie, at the Victoria Theatre, in The Barber of Seville. We recommend this delightful specimen of Balfe's genius to our musical friends, and we also avail ourselves of this opportunity to advert with gratification to our improved musical prospocts, consequent on the operatic arrangements in active progress at the Victoria, where Euterpe is rapidly gaining ground on the realm so long possessed by Melpomene and Thalia.

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (28 June 1843), 2 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. THE BARBER OF Seville, to the production of which we adverted in our last review, has been since repeated with increased success, and we are glad to learn that Mr. Wyatt has concluded an engagement with Mr. Leslie, who will appear in a succession of musical pieces. Amongst the early arrangements contemplated by Mr. Lazar, are The Cabinet, The Beggars' Opera, and Der Freischutz, and as the major part of the original music will be preserved in each of these operas, we may assure our musical friends that they can anticipate some delightful evenings. That elegant piece de faste, The Carnival Ball, will be performed to-morrow evening, and from the lavish expense bestowed on its production, we may predict its successful run.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1843), 2 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. THIS EVENING, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, will be presented .... To conclude with, for the first time at this Theatre, an Operetta called SWISS SWAINS. The part of Walter, (with Songs) Mr. Leslie. MR. J. LAZAR, Manager.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Australian (24 July 1843), 2 

... The beautiful Opera of the The Cabinet will be performed this evening, and we have no doubt of its attracting a full and fashionable audience. Mrs. Leslie [sic] as Prince Orlando, Mr. Lazar as Whimsiculio, and Mrs. Gibbs as Floretta, will prove able representatives of these diffifult characters ...

Musical editions:

The blighted flower, ballad, words by John Hazlett; composed by M. W. Balfe (Sydney: F. Ellard, n.d. [1843]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, Civilising the colonies, 47-48, 247

LESLIE, A. J. (? Alexander LESLIE; possibly related to Henry LESLIE)

Violinist, orchestra leader

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, December 1856 (per South Carolina)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1859-63
? Died Melbourne, VIC, 1863 (born Scotland, aged 33)


"MR. LAURENT'S PRIZE WALTZ", Illustrated London News (13 March 1852), 222 

On Monday afternoon, the trial for the prize of ten guineas, given by Mr. Charles Emile Laurent, took place at the Argyll Rooms, in the presence a numerous and fashionable auditory. Amongst the Jury were the following amateurs and professors: Viscount Burghersh, Lord Gerald Fitzgerald, Sir Henry Webb, Bart., Captain Hugh Baillie, Captain Breedon, Metsrs. Albert Smith, Charles Kenny, Wiliert Beale, A. J. Leslie, J. Browne, C. L. Grüneisen, Barret, Boose, Bosisio, Dervien, Godfrey, J. Herz, Labarre, Lazarus, Macfarlane, Mellon, Nadaud, Pilati, Pluys, Pratten, Rousselot, Schott, J. H. Severn, Tutton, Waddell, Zerbini, &c ...

"AMATEUR MUSICAL SOCIETY", The Musical World (178 March 1854), 182 

... the Amateur Musical Society, whose policy is liberal, has been able to bring forward, from time to time, compositions which, in spite of their merit, have failed to obtain a hearing in other places, where greater pretensions are accompanied by greater exclusiveness (not to say prejudice). Among these, it is enough to name the symphony in F of Mr. H. Leslie, an amateur, and that in D of Mr. Macfarren, a professor, both of which are well worth a place in any programme ... First Violins: ... Alexander Leslie ...; Tenors: ... John Leslie ...; Contra-Bassi: Frederick Leslie

"AMATEUR MUSICAL SOCIETY", The Musical World (10 February 1855), 89 

... Conductor - Mr. Henry Leslie ... First Violins: ... A. J. Leslie ...; Violas: ... J. Leslie ...;

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 December 1856), 1 

[Advertisement], The Age (27 April 1858), 1


... Mr. Kaye acted as conductor, and Mr. Leslie as leader, under whose able management, the concert passed off in the most satisfactory manner ...

"MR. LISSIGNOL'S CONCERT", The Argus (24 January 1859), 5


[Advertisement], The Argus (22 May 1861), 8

"LAW REPORT. ASPINWALL v. MERIC", The Argus (7 November 1863), 6


Eugene Lissignol, George Pringle, Musical Union (Melbourne)


Entertainer, minstrel, comic vocalist, comedian

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1857
Died Allygar, India, 3 July 1876


Minstrel, comic vocalist, falsettist, burlesque artist


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1857), 1

GREAT ATTRACTION. - BUUDDER BONES' Benefit, at the Fortune of War, Pitt-street, corner of Brougham-place, on MONDAY EVENING, April 6th. Benefit of the BROTHERS LESLIE. Harry Leslie in his great Chin-chopping solo for this night only. Harry Leslie in his unequalled Bone Solo. Harry and W. S. Leslie have the pleasure of announcing their first benefit will take place as above, on which occasion they will appear for the first time in Sydney, in character, introducing in their own inimitable style new songs, speeches, burlesques &c. Cards of admission One Shilling.

"A BUDGET OF NEWS FROM SOUTH AFRICA", The Australasian (6 June 1872), 19 

[Leter from Cape Town] ... The Christy Minstrels are on the point of leaving here for Australia. Their company is a good one, and lately they did a ... burlesque on "La Grande Duchesse." It went amid roars of laughter. W. S. Leslie was the Grand Duchess, Louis Braham was Prince Paul, J. Truro General Baum, and Hughey Dogherty was Frits. Overtures were being made to them and Ned Harvey to revisit the interior prior to departure, but I cannot positivelv state their certain future movements.

[Advertisement], The Illustrated London News (5 June 1875), 526 

... THE MOORE AND BURGESS MINSTRELS ... Mr. W. S. Leslie, the Marvellous Alto, will sing at every performance.

"Death of an Old Favorite", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 October 1876), 2 

Harry Leslie, the Ethiopian comedian, died at Allygar, on July 3rd ... Harry Leslie was formerly a wharf clerk in Melbourne, and appeared ... at the Surrey Music Hall, Royal Charter Hotel ... He afterwards joined the Court Minstrels, and obtained great fame, performing at the Pantheon Theatre, Cremorne Gardens, and all over the colonies ...

LESUEUR, Charles-Alexandre

Gunner, artist, natural historian, Indigenous culture and music recorder

Born Le Havre, France, 1 January 1778
Active Australia and Tasmania, 1801-03
Died Le Havre, 12 December 1846 (NLA persistent identifier)


Lesueur and his colleague, the astronomer Pierre-François BERNIER, notated the 3 music items printed as Plate 32 in Lesueur and Petit 1824. Manuscript music material relating to the print is held in the Lesueur collection, Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Le Havre; music items no. 16057R, 16059-1; reproduced in Fornasiero and West-Sooby 2015, 24-25.

Musical editions: 

LEVEY, Barnett (Barnet; Mr. LEVEY; LEVY)

Not to be confused with Barnett LEVY below

Vocalist, theatre proprietor, concert presenter, entrepreneur

Born London, 1798
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 17 December 1821 (free per John Bull, from Cork, 25 July)
Died Sydney, 2 October 1837, aged 39 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

See also:

Sydney Amateur Concerts of 1826-27

LEVEY, Sarah Emma (WILSON; step-daughter of Jacob JOSEPHSON)

Theatre proprietor



Having come to Australia to join his emancipist brother Solomon Levey, Barnett Levey established himself as a merchant, in June 1825 Levey married Sarah Wilson, stepsister of the musician (later judge) Joseph Frey Josephson. Levey regularly sang at convivial dinners, and also participated in the Sydney Amateur Concerts in 1826, specialising in comic songs, such as, in June, the Beautiful Boy, according to the Gazette, "given with the most irresistable drollery". In September he reportedly sang "a comic song, a medley, with his usual humour, but without an accompaniment; the want of which, Mr. L.'s voice, though it is not without strength and compass, could but ill spare." However, he also extended his repertoire at the October concert to sing Braham's The Death of Nelson. During the latter part of 1827 and 1828, no more public concerts were advertised.

Meanwhile, Levey continued to hatch plans to establish a new theatre in Sydney, and in 1828 began building suitable premises, eventually attaching a hotel, the Royal, at the front to help pay for the venture. Public entertainment generally was struck a blow when, on 1 September 1828, the naturally austere and censorious governor, Ralph Darling, promulgated An Act for Regulating Places of Public Exhibition and Entertainment, which henceforth required a government license to present:

... any Interlude, Tragedy, Comedy, Opera, Concert, Play, Farce, or other, Entertainment, of the Stage, or any Part or Parts thereof, or any Stage-dancing, Tumbling, or Horsemanship, or any other public Entertainment whatever, to which Admission shall or may be procured by Payment of Money, or by Tickets ...

In June 1829, Darling did issue a license to allow Levey to hold balls and concerts, and a few such events were held, with music organised by Josephson. However, Darling then withdrew the license in January 1830. The former bandmaster George Sippe took over as licensee of the hotel temporarily in June 1831, and remained as one of the theatre's leading musicians. In 1833, Levey built new premises, the Theatre Royal, which, duly licensed by Darling's more liberal successor Bourke, opened with Levey's first musical "at home" in August 1832, and its theatrical opening in December. In 1833, as the Monitor described it:

The new Theatre is larger than the Adelphi Theatre in London, superior in size and appearance to most of the country Theatres in the United Kingdom, and altogether, we entertain this pleasing hope, that henceforth, the Sydney Theatre will become truly respectable, as regards the pubic and profitable as regards the zealous, laborious, and persevering Lessee.

Levey advertised for partners in January 1834, and in February Joseph Simmons joined in the management. Thereafter, Levey mostly ceded control of the theatre to lessees, and faced the prospect of further competition when, in mid 1836, Joseph Wyatt announced plans to open a second theatre (ultimately the Royal Victoria). In January 1837, after the play, he made "his first appearance this Season" singing one of his favourite songs, The old commodore "in character", and the last performance under his management was of the "grand national and patriotic pageant and Spectacle of Napoleon Bonaparte" in April 1837. In September the Gazette reported that:

The stage manager of the Sydney Theatre, we understand, has found it absolutely necessary, in order to enable him to conduct the business of the house with anything like propriety, to stipulate for the entire exclusion of Mr. Barnett Levy, the proprietor, from behind the scenes, it being found that his presence and interference is anything but conducive to the prosperity of the drama.

He died a few days later, and thereafter his widow Sarah, with the assistance of her step-father Jacob Josephson, briefly and unsuccessfully tried to keep the theatre running, leading to a public rift with several former employees, notably, as reported in July 1838, the band cellist George Sippe.


"PUBLIC DINNER TO HIS EXCELLENCY SIR T. BRISBANE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 November 1825), 3

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 June 1826), 3

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (30 September 1826), 3

"MR. SIPPE'S BENEFIT CONCERT", The Monitor (13 October 1826), 5

[Government order], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 September 1828), 1

"Musical Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 June 1829), 2

"Rejected Addresses [No 1]: To have been spoken at the Opening of the Opera House, Sydney, August 1829", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 September 1829), 3

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 September 1829), 2

"MR. LEVEY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (22 August 1829), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 September 1829), 2

"The Diary of a Dilettante", The Harmonicon 8 (1830), 171

"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 June 1831), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (27 August 1832), 1

"LEVY AT HOME", The Sydney Herald (13 September 1832), 3

"THEATRE-ROYAL, SYDNEY", The Sydney Herald (31 December 1832), 3

[News], The Sydney Monitor (25 September 1833), 3

"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

"THE DRAMA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 September 1837), 2

"DEATHS", The Australian (3 October 1837), 3

[News], The Australian (3 October 1837), 4

Mr. Barnett Levy, who emigrated to this colony a number of years back, and who first introduced theatricals, died early yesterday morning, only forty years of age. He has left a widow and four children to mourn his loss. His remains will be interred in the Jewish Burial Ground this morning, and we believe they will be followed to their last home by many of his friends.

"THINGS THEATRICAL", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 April 1838), 2

"Law Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 July 1838), 3

"HOW THE DRAMA STRUCK ROOT IN SYDNEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 September 1891), 5

Bibliography and resources:

G. F. J. Bergman, Levey, Barnett (1798-1837), Australian dictionary of biography2 (1967)

Obituaries Australia

LEVEY, Montague

Amateur composer, property developer, patron

Born UK, c.1834
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 27 July 1835 (per Hercules, with parents Isaac and Dinah Levey)
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 May 1884 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


"ARRIVAL OF THE NEW GOVERNOR", The Australian (3 August 1846), 3

"HER MAJESTY'S BIRTHDAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 May 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1861), 8

"AMATEUR COMPOSITION", Empire (23 May 1864), 4

The publication of works emanating from the pen of professional composers is, like every other transaction in business, made, in some measure, a mere speculation, pieces, like books, being often written that will attract attention rather by some particular local circumstance of dedication, popularity or other point on which to hinge a title that will command a sale. How far more gratifying for the sake of art is it, when we find those who are not desirous of acquiring profit by the efforts of their talents, but rather of making them contribute to the cultivation and advancement of the art they practice. Mr. Montague Levey,  Wynyard-square, a well-known citizen of this city, had forwarded to us a series of seven polkas, the results of his facile conception in the realms of composition. The author ia well known in Sydney as one of our very best musical amateurs, with a decided penchant and taste for pianoforte music. It is most gratifying to see gentlemen possessed of wealth make use of it to so excellent a purpose as the advancement of the fine arts. These polkas are not published for sale, but for circulation amongst friends; and engraved (by Turner) and printed as they are in the most elegant style must have cost a very large sum, in these dull times - a benefit, also, to the artisan; their publications would meet with a ready demand. They are all dedicated to the ladies of Sydney, by whom they cannot fail to be thorouhbly appreciated; the ladies, indeed, will be thankful to have a cavalier who thus devotes his time, talents, and fortune for their amusement. Without entering into any analysis of the particular merits of these polkas, we may easily weave the thread of a very interesting tale from their several titles; the "I don't know" represents the state of doubt into which the mind of the composer is thrown as in which of the fair sex to which it is dedicated should be chosen; the "Selina" names the most charming, as the heroine; the "Montague" represents thee "free selector" or hero, both being united in "The bride and bridegroom"; the "Venus" suggests the goddess who watches over the happy union; the "Turon" is the happy retreat for the honeymoon; while the "Aboriginal", of course, alludes to the natives met there whilst passing the time most happily; and this last one is certainly a very unique and original composition.

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1875), 5

Mr. Montague Levey has sent to this office seven polkas, which he composed some twenty years ago, and which he has republished in Sydney. At the time they were originally published they were very highly spoken of by the Press. They are dedicated to the ladies of Sydney. The composer has not re-published them with any view to profit, and as presentation copies to his friends they will no doubt be acceptable.

"A JEWISH WEDDING", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1881), 6

In recognition of the kindly aid recently given by Mr. Levey, and with a view of showing his interest in the race to which by birth he belongs, Mr. Henry Ketten had again borrowed his Pleyel grand and sent it to Mr. Levey's, and as the bride entered the band suddenly stopped and Mrs. Louis Hart was welcomed by the "Wedding March", played on the piano as only Mr. Ketten has played it ... When the delighted plaudits had subsided, the bride and groom, with three of the bridesmaids and grooms-men, according to an old Hebrew custom, danced a quadrille.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1884), 1

Levey's 7 polkas:

The Montague polka ("Dedicated to the Ladies of Sydney") ([Sydney]: [?], [1851]; Sydney: G. Hudson, [?])

The Turon polka (composed by Montague Levey; Dedicated to the ladies of Australia) (Sydney: W. Hudson, [?])

The Selina polka (composed by Montague Levey; and dedicated to Miss Selina Marks) ([?]: C. Davis, [?])

The I don't know polka (by Montague Levey; Dedicated to the ladies of Sydney) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1861])

The bride & bridegroom polka (for the piano forte, composed by Montague Levey) ([Sydney: M. Levey, 1875])

Venus polka [lost]

Aboriginal polka [lost]


Musician, bandsman (NSW Corps), Master of the band (102nd Regiment; 100th Regiment), conductor of church music

Born Dublin, 25 March 1781
Arrived Sydney, 1798 (per Barwell, free)
Enlisted (NSW Corps), Sydney, 13 December 1798 (WO 25/1302)
Departed Sydney, 25 March 1810
Returned Sydney, September 1818
Died Chilwell, Geelong, VIC, 25 September 1857

Summary (partly after Jane Champion and Michael Bock):

William Levingstone (also in regimental records as "James") was described on his return to Sydney in September 1818, as "formerly Master of the Band in the 102d, since the 100th Regiment", having previously served in the colony as a drummer and bandsman in the NSW Corps (became 102nd in 1808 and 100th in 1816). He was presumably playing with the NSW Corps band during he deposition of Bligh in 1808. By 1811, at the time of his second marriage, however, he was in Horsham, England. He was discharged in England on 7 March 1818 (WO 97/1069; gives date and place of birth), and must have embarked to return to Sydney immediately thereafter. John Levingston was appointed District Constable in the District of Black Snake, Tasmania, in July 1819, and in Hobart in May 1821 a "J. Levingstone" was paid 5 pounds 18 shilling for "Services as Conductor of Church Music from 15th Sep. to 31st Dec. at 20 [pounds] per Annum." Interestingly, in the same accounts, the Rev. Robert Knopwood is reimbursed 5 pounds "that sum paid by him for a violin-cello, for the use of the church", and again in October. In Hobart in February 1826, "W. Livistone" was granted from Government revenue "an Allowance in lieu of Shoes, when conductor of Church Music." In 1847, Henry Livingstone (b.1818) was reportedly a servant on the farm of a Mr. Mann murdered near Gleonorchy: "a free man", he was reared on the farm, which formerly belonged to his father, who had been bandmaster of the 102nd regiment, and of whom it was purchased by Mr. Mann.

13 Dec. 1798 - William enlisted NSW Corps (WO 25/1302)
13 Dec. 1800 - 24 Oct. 1805 James Levingston/ Levinston serves in Captain Johnson's Company, Sydney as Private - sick twice.
25 Oct. 1805 - 24 Apr. 1806 James becomes a drummer in Johnson's Co.
25 Apr. 1806 - 24 Jun. 1808 James transfers to Major's Co. as a Private, in the band.
25 Jun. 1808 - 24 Dec. 1808 James serves in Captain Lamb's Co., Sydney, in the band.
25 Dec. 1808 - 24 Jan. 1809 James serves in Captain John McArthur's Co., Sydney, in the band.
25 Jan. 1809 - 24 Mar. 1810 James serves in Lieutenant John Henderson's Co., Sydney, in the band.
25 Mar. 1810 - 24 Oct. 1810 William Levinston is a Corporal in the 1st Company and is on passage to England.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 February 1810), 1 

To be Sold by private Contract, a well-built Dwelling House, weatherboarded and shingled, comprising two capital Rooms, a good Kitchen well floored and lofted, with glass windows, a Garden, Stock Yard, and an excellent Well. - For further particulars apply to Wm. Leviston, Soldier's Back Row.

"Ship News", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 September 1818), 3

"GOVERNMENT PUBLIC NOTICES", The Hobart Town Gazette (3 July 1819), 1

"GOVERNMENT AND GENERAL ORDERS", Hobart Town Gazette (9 May 1821), 3s

GOVERNMENT AND GENERAL ORDERS", Hobart Town Gazette (6 October 1821), 1s

"GOVERNMENT ORDER", Hobart Town Gazette (25 February 1826), 2s

"MURDER OF MR. MANN", The Courier (13 October 1847), 2

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Colour Sergeant William James Leviston (1781-1857)", Australia's red coat settlers

"William James Leviston, Colour Sergeant in The Rum Corps"


Musician, Leader of the band (Theatre Royal, Launceston)

Active Launceston, TAS, 1859


Perhaps Barnett Levy below.


"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 May 1859), 5

LEVY, Barnett

Professor of music, violinist, leader (Theatre Royal orchestra; Royal Italian Opera Company), composer, arranger

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1866
Died Emerald Hill, VIC, 22 October 1880, aged 54


The Victoria Post Office directory (1866), 98

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (11 November 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 December 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 January 1870), 8

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (14 October 1872),5

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 February 1873), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1877), 2

"VICTORIA", Launceston Examiner (29 October 1880), 3

An inquest was held by Dr. Youl, the City Coroner, on Saturday, on the body of Barnett Levy, late a theatrical musician, who died suddenly at his residence at Emerald Hill on the 22nd inst. The wife of the deceased stated that the latter, who was fifty-four years of age, had complained of a pain in his chest, but was up and at a rehearsal the day of his death. In the evening he returned home, and after sitting down suddenly expired ... Mr. Lucas, surgeon, who was called in to see the deceased, and who after wards made a post-mortem examination, stated that death resulted from acute inflammation of the spleen with disease of the liver and stomach. Be added that deceased drank a good deal. The deceased was a brother of the [sic] Levy, the celebrated cornet player.

LEVY, Isaac (Jules)

Cornet player

Born London, England, 24 April 1838
Toured Australia, 1877 (brother of violinist Barnett Levy)
Died Chicago, 28 November 1903


[Alfred Mellon's summer concerts], The Musical World (15 August 1863), 517

The other solos were, one on the flageolet ... and one on the cornet à pistons ("Carnival of Venice"), by Mr. Levy, who, as the programme informs us, is "about to depart for Australia".

"LEVY, THE GREAT CORNOPEAN PLAYER", The Argus (23 March 1877), 6

"FIRST APPEARANCE OF MR. LEVY", The Mercury (9 August 1877), 2

"LEVY, THE  CORNET SOLOIST", Camperdown Chronicle (17 August 1877), 3

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (13 November 1877), 5

Isaac Levy, of the Esplanade, St Kilda, musician. Causes of insolvency: Losses in connexion with a professional tour through South Australia and at Melbourne. Liabilities, £364 10s; assets, £170; deficiency, £194 10s. Mr. Jacomb, assignee.

"VICTORIAN ITEMS", The Mercury (19 November 1877), 3

"MUSIC", The Australian Sketcher (24 November 1877), 138

"LEVY, THE CORNET PLAYER", Launceston Examiner (15 December 1879), 3


Teacher of Dancing and Pianoforte, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854-55


A teacher of dancing and piano, she also composed The mayor's polka and The Corporation polka, both lost.


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 January 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 October 1855), 8

"MUSIC", The Argus (31 October 1855), 5


LEWIS, The Misses

Teachers of the Pianoforte

Active Sydney, NSW, 1856


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 February 1856), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 October 1856), 1

LEWIS, Annie

Soprano vocalist ("The Australian Nightingale")

Active VIC & TAS, 1852-56


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 December 1852), 5

PROTESTANT HALL. MESSRS DE GREY, C. WILKIE, AND GREGG, Beg to announce that their second CONCERT WILL take place THIS EVENING, at the above room, when the cast of the evening will consist of the following performers: VOCALISTS: Miss Lewis, (From Her Majesty's Theatre, she has had the honor of singing before Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, and Royal Family,) Signor Georgi, (From the Opera House, Paris,) Mr. Moseley, (From the London Concerts) and Mr John Gregg. INSTRUMENTALISTS: Mr Salamon, Pianist, (from the London Concerts), Mr. Thatcher. Flautist, do, do. Mr. Charles Wilkie, Concertinist. Mr. De Grey, Cornet-à-Piston.

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 March 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 May 1853), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 July 1853), 8

"OPENING OF THE LONSDALES-STREET ARCADE", The Argus (27 September 1853), 4

"General Intelligence", The Courier (28 October 1853), 2

MR. WINTERBOTTOM, the promoter of the Monster Concerts at Sydney and Melbourne, has arrived in Hobart Town, and we believe he is accompanied by a corps of vocal and instrumental performers, with the assistance of whom he intends to give before his departure a series of concerts a la Jullien. The praises which have been so lavishly heaped upon Mr. Winterbottom by our cotemporaries in the neighbouring colonies, some of which have found their way into our columns, will be sufficient to recommend his concerts to public support. We may add that Mr. Winterbottom intends to make an annual musical tour, accompanied by the best talent in the colonies, and that the vocalists he has at present with him are Miss Annie Lewis, from the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, and Mr. John Gregg, Primo Basso English Opera at the same theatre. Mr. Winterbottom is stated to be a most astonishing performer on the bassoon.

"MR. WINTEBOTTOM'S CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle (2 November 1853), 3

The opening piece of "Turn on Old Time," from the opera, of Maritana, by Miss Annie Lewis, Mr. Gregg, and Mr. Winterbottom was given in brilliant style, and elicited the admiration and praise of the audience. The beautiful ballad of "Shells of Ocean," by Miss Annie Lewis, was sung with exquisite taste, and received with raptures of applause.

"BENDIGO", The Age (23 August 1855), 5

Miska Hauser, whose arrival at Bendigo I mentioned in my last, held his first concert in the concert hall of the Royal Hotel, on Saturday evening last. There was a large and very respectable audience present, and, I have no doubt, had it been better known but that the hall would have been crowded to excess. Nevertheless, great interest was exhibited by those present, and on Miska Hauser coming on to the platform a loud burst of applause greeted him, which lasted for some time ... Miss Octavia Hamilton, Miss Annie Lewis, and Miss Graham, came in for a fair share of applause.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (22 September 1855), 3

"M'IVOR", Bendigo Advertiser (13 November 1856), 2 

Last Saturday evening a concert was to have taken place at the Heathcote Hotel, and placards to that effect duly posted, announcing that "for one night only" the "inimitable Thatcher," accompanied by Miss Annie Lewis and Mr. Salaman, the pianist, would delight the ears of the lovers of fun and harmony in our little township. The "Inimitable," however, arrived alone, could'nt give a concert without his mates, and "sloped" back again next morning, much to the disappointment, and disgust of those who had assembled to hear him.

LEWIS, Henry

Dancing master

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1834


Lewis, "late of the Theatres Royal, London and for many years assistant to Mr. Hunt" advertised as a dancing master from Deane's Rooms in Hobart in January 1834. In April, Deane advertised to Lewis's creditors to present their bills, and in May his Hobart landlord threatened to put Lewis's "wearing apparel" up for auction. Nevertheless, Lewis weathered his financial difficulties and was appointed a petty constable in September, much to amusement of the Colonial Times in October, which made much of the former dancing-master's transformation into a policeman.


[2 advertisements], Trumpeter General (24 December 1833), 4 

THEATRE. MRS. CAMERON begs to announce to the gentry and inhabitants of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that Tuesday next, the 24th instant, has been fixed upon for opening the THEATRE, on which occasion will be presented Kotzebue's celebrated play of THE STRANGER ... After which, a Hornpipe by Mr. Lewis ... To conclude with the laughable farce of the MARRIED BACHELOR ... Stage Manager, Mr. Taylor; Ballet Master, Mr. Lewis; Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Peck, Tickets, 6s. each; children under 12 years of age, half price, (not transferable,) issued from the bar of the Freemason's Tavern. Doors open at 6 o'clock, performance to commence at 7 o'clock.

DANCING. MR. LEWIS (late of the Theatre Royal Drury Lane and Covent Garden,) begs leave to inform the inhabitants of Hobart Town and its vicinity, that he has opened an Academy for Dancing, at Mr. Deane's Rooms, Elizabeth-street, where every kind of fashionable Dancing is taught. N.B.- Schools attended, in town or country. For further particulars, apply at the rooms. Dec. 3.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (14 January 1834), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (22 April 1834), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (6 May 1834), 1

"GOVERNMENT NOTICE No. 193", The Hobart Town Courier (19 September 1834), 2

[Court reports], Colonial Times (14 October 1834), 7

LEWIS, Louis L.

Organist, pianist, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1860s


Lewis, a broker by profession, was an elector in Melbourne in September 1859. He was organist for the Melbourne Philharmonic Society concert in March 1860, with the Bianchis and Octavia Hamilton, and at which Beethoven's Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage was given its first colonial performance. In a letter to the Argus in July, Lewis weighed in, on the society's side, to a dispute with the composer Charles Elsasser on its alleged stinting of the band for their recent performance of his cantata. In January 1861, Lewis's "beautiful new ballad' What sounds are those? was advertised for sale by Joseph Wilkie. He continued as honorary organist for the Philharmonic during 1861, and at a concert in October 1862 performed Weber's Concertstück on the piano. He was secretary of the amateur St. Kilda Popular Entertainments in 1869.


[Advertisement], The Argus (26 September 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus  (6 March 1860), 8


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 January 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 October 1862), 8


LEWIS, Thomas (Mr. T. LEWIS; ? Sergeant Thomas LEWIS)

Master of the band of the 17th Regiment, clarinettist, composer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 9 February 1831 (per York)
Departed Sydney, NSW, March 1836 (for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 17th Regiment


Lewis and his band disembarked at Sydney on 9 February and within a week the people of Parramatta were reportedly "highly delighted at having the band of the 17th regiment stationed among them'. In October 1831, the band played for the departure of Governor Darling. Notably, for Barnett Levey's "at home" in September 1832, the "Musical Department [was] conducted by Mr. T. LEWIS, Master of the 17th Regiment's Band, assisted with the string Band of that Regiment."

Lewis was also active as a player independently of his band, as for instance in August 1834, when "A Quintette for two violins, tenor, flute, and violincello, by Messrs. Wilson, Sippe, Josephson, Lewis, and another performer whose name we have not heard, was received with much applause".

At Thomas Stubbs's concert in April 1835, "Mr. Lewis's solo on the clarionette was a high treat". Appearing with his band regularly in Sydney theatre, Lewis composed at least one theatre song, Why don't the girls propose, for Maria Taylor in September 1835 (the lyrics an original poem that had appeared recently in the press). Lewis and his band appeared in Vincent Wallace's first Sydney concert in February 1836, and Lewis was rumoured to be planning a farewell concert of his own previous to he and his band departing with their regiment for India in early March. In farewell, the Gazette noted, not entirely approvingly, that Lewis had taken "great pains to prepare a large stock of all new interesting and scientific music he could get hold of, and the choice of marches, overtures, and other tunes, reflects great credit on the 17th."


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 February 1831), 2

[News] & "PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 February 1831), 3

"CHANGE OF GOVERNORS", The Asiatic journal and monthly miscellany (April 1832), 196

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 September 1832), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (10 September 1832), 3

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1833), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1833), 3

[Letter] "To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 August 1834), 2

"CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 August 1834), 2

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Monitor (3 September 1834), 3

"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (27 November 1834), 2

"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (17  December 1834), 3

"Mr. Lewis's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (20 December 1834), 2

"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (26 March 1835), 3

"MR STUBBS'S CONCERT", The Australian (24 April 1835), 2


"Original Poetry", The Australian (15 September 1835), 4

[Advertisement]: "Theatre Royal, Sydney", The Australian (18 September 1835), 3

[News]: "Mrs. Taylor's benefit", The Australian (25 September 1835), 2

"THE BAND OF THE 28TH", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 February 1836), 2

"MR. WALLACE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 February 1836), 3

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (18 February 1836), 2

"Domestic and Miscellaneous Intelligence", The Australian (4 March 1836), 2


Musical enthusiast, reviewer, recorder and transcriber of Indigenous songs

Born Lvov, Ukraine, 1795
Arrived Sydney, 1832 (from Europe via Brazil)
Departed Hobart, April 1838 (per Emeu, for London)
Died (probably) London, 23 November 1866 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Musical work:

A song of the women of the Menero tribe ("Arranged with the assistance of several Musical Gentlemen") (Sydney: John Innes, [1834])

Bibliography and resources:

G. P. Whitley, Lhotsky, John (1795-1866), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)


Contralto (mezzo-soprano) vocalist

Born Melbourne, VIC, 19 August 1865
Died Calcutta, India, 2 August 1931




[Advertisement], Evening News (5 March 1881), 1

"Miss Fannie Liddiard", Table Talk (14 November 1890), 3

"STAGE AND SCREEN", The Australasian (5 September 1931), 13 

Miss Fanny Liddiard. It is rather a coincidence that two Australian actresses who were closely associated in their stagc work - Miss Nellie Stewart and Miss Fanny Liddiard - should have died within a few weeks of each other. Miss Liddiard (Mrs. W. P. Warren) died in Calcutta, where she had been living for the last 20 years, on August 2. Those who remember Nellie Stewart's famous Paul Jones opera company in its season at the old Opera House, now the Tivoli Theatre, will recollect Miss Liddiard succeeding Madame Marian Burton as Paul Jones. It must be 40 years since that wonderful combination of artists charmed Melbourne month after month, but those who do re member, and "The Chiel" is one of them, are prepared to declare against all comers that it was one of the greatest companies that ever appeared in this city, and more over none will forget Fanny Liddiard as Paul Jones. It is pathetic to learn that Miss Liddiard was making plans for a visit to Melbourne with her husband, and that she was on her sick bed when she learned of the death of her old friend, Nellie Stewart.


Professor of Music, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1865
Died Hawthorn, VIC, 8 February 1907, in his 60th year


"MARRIAGES", The Argus (26 September 1865), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 May 1866), 8

"BIRTHS", The Argus (20 July 1866), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (9 February 1907), 13

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (8 February 1908), 13

Musical works:

Au revoir valse (Third Edition, Dedicated by special permission to Her Ladyship the Countess of Hopetoun) (Melbourne: Troedel & Co., [188-])

The cycle waltz (Dedicated ... to Lord & Lady Brassey) (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [189-?])


Vocalist, bones player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1857


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1857), 1

Mr. HENRY LIESLY, the great American bone player, and delineator of Ethiopian Character is continuing his engagement at the Rainbow Tavern Concert Hall.

LIGHT, George Thomas

Organist, piano and harmonium tuner, repairer, musical instrument maker, architect

Arrived Adelaide, SA, by February 1849


Collins reported that according to C. E. Owen Smyth, "G. T. Light, ... was by trade a musical instrument maker - in Bristol" and afterwards was a draftsman in a foundry (Page 1986: 38) before his arrival in the colony. At the end of lecture on fine arts and music by Mr. Gilfillan in February 1849, "Mr. Pitman introduced Mr. G. T. Light, an ingenious colonial mechanist, who performed a piece of music on a seraphine, built by himself". As a result of this the birth-year of 1838 given by Collins must be incorrect. At the opening of the New Church (Swedenborgian) in July 1852: "The musical part of the service was performed by a choir, accompanied by Mr. G. T. Light, late organist of St. John's, on the euphonicon". He played the harmonium for a concert by the North Adelaide Choral Society in May 1855. Collins quotes: "He was a man 'of small stature, one of the quietest men I've ever known, very methodical, fond of music", wrote W. G. Randall of him in 1924 (Parker n.d.: 2). I cannot confirm any death date given for him in other sources.


[News], South Australian Register (24 February 1849), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 July 1852), 2

"NEW CHURCH IN CARRINGTON STREET", South Australian Register (12 July 1852), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 July 1854), 1

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (3 May 1855), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Julie Collins, George Thomas Light, Architects of South Australia

Light, Walter G., DAAO

LIGHT, William (Colonel LIGHT)

Amateur musician, surveyor

Born Kuala Kedah, Kedah, Malaysia, 27 April 1786
Arrived SA, 11 September 1836
Died SA, 6 October 1839 (NLA persistent identifier)


"COLONEL LIGHT", South Australian Register (3 February 1859), 2

... Captain William Light, distinguished by the variety of his attainments, an artist, musician, mechanist, seaman, and soldier ...

Bibliography and resources:

David F. Elder, Light, William (1786-1839), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

LILLINGSTON, Daniel William

Clarinettist (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Born ? Oxford; ? Middlesex, England, 12 May 1826
Arrived 4 April 1843 (with regiment per North Britain)
Regiment active Australia, 1843-56
Died Ballarat, VIC, 22 August 1916

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


A family history places him at the gates of Buckingham Palace when the birth of the future king Edward the Seventh was announced (9 November 1841). When he enlisted in the 99th Regiment of Foot on 16 June 1842 he was under-age to be a soldier so was put into the regimental band. He was discharged in March 1850 in Hobart Town. Pay records show his regiment number as 1791. After discharge, he worked in Tasmania for a while with the Tasmanian Postal service and then went to Victoria. Daniel was the first letter carrier for Ballarat. With wife Jane Watson he produced 14 children. He died 22 August 1916 and is buried in the old Ballarat Cemetery.


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

"OBITUARY", The Ballarat Courier (23 August 1916), 4 

The remains of the late Mr. Daniel Lillingston were interred yesterday afternoon, the place of interment being the Old Cemetery. The deceased was a colonist of 63 years, and was widely known and respected in Ballarat and district. He was a native of Oxford, England, and before coming to Victoria resided in Tasmania where he married. Afterwards for nine years he resided in New South Wales. He leaves a grown-up family of four daughters and three sons. His wife died in South Australia on a visit to a son. The deceased lived to the advanced age of 90 years.

"Obituary", The Horsham Times (29 August 1916), 3 

Mr. Daniel Lillingston, who was Ballart's first postman, died last week. He was born in London 90 years ago. He reached Tasmania with the 99th Imperial Regiment 73 years ago, and joined the Tasmanian Postal Department 13 years later. Twelve months afterwards he joined the Victorian Postal Department, and settled in Ballarat two years later. He leaves 104 descendants.

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Private William Daniel Lillingston", Australia's red coat regiments


Organist, choral conductor (Hullah system), composer, piano tuner, bandmaster

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1854
Died Enflield, SA, 14 June 1870, aged 57


He was conductor of North Adelaide Choral Society (by 1855). Introduced in 1856 was his anthem When the weary are at rest ("trio for two sopranos and bass, followed by a soprano duet, with a concluding chorus"). In February 1868 he was appointed "Band master, with the rank of Drum Major" of the South Australian Volunteer Artillery.


"THE DISSOLVING VIEWS", South Australian Register (10 August 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Register (21 November 1853), 4

"MUSICAL", South Australian Register (6 May 1854), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (1 May 1855), 1

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (18 January 1856), 3

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (20 May 1856), 2

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN VOLUNTEER MILITARY FORCE APPOINTMENT", South Australian Register (21 February 1868), 3

"DIED", South Australian Register (16 June 1870), 2

LINCK, George

Professor of Music and German

Arrived Sydney, NSW by December 1858
Departed Sydney, NSW 13 January 1862 (per La Hague, for London)


Probably recently arrived in December 1858, by January 1859 he was organist and choirmaster of St. Mary's Balmain, and offering to teach pupils "on the Piano, Violin, and in Singing' .  He accompanied the vocal performers, including Sara FLOWER and the HOWSONS (with whom he had an ongoing association) at Cesare CUTOLO's concert in February 1860, and later gave several concerts at Balmain. He departed for England in January 1862 on La Hague,, and after the end of the voyage a testimonial to him from his fellow passengers (including Sydney amateur choralist, Rev'd W. Cuthbertson) was published in the Sydney press. A former soldier, he had evidently raised a volunteers corps among passengers on board the ship.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 January 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1860), 1

"BALMAIN NATIONAL SCHOOL", Empire (25 June 1860), 4

"CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1861), 5

[Advertisement], Empire (25 June 1861), 1

"CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1861), 4

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1861), 5

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1862), 4

"BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1862), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1862), 4


Bandsman, Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1823-1827 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695


Professor of Music, pianist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 July 1853 (per Wallace, from San Francisco)
Died 3 October 1911, aged 79


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Star (20 march 1857), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (3 July 1858), 1

"QUEENSLAND", The Argus (2 October 1861), 7

"LYSTER'S OPERA COMPANY. DEBUT OF MISS GERALDINE WARDEN", Bendigo Advertiser (23 November 1867), 2

"FIFTY-FIVE YEARS OF MUSIC", The Argus (18 September 1907), 6

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The West Australian (14 October 1911), 9

A well-known figure in the musical world of Melbourne and Australia, in the person of Mr. Otto Linden, has been removed by death, at the age of 79 (says the Melbourne "Argus"). Mr. Linden was a native of Germany. As a young man he went to the California goldfields from which he found his way in 1855 to Melbourne. He stayed in Melbourne then not a city of much musical attraction, only a little time, and went to South America, where he remained a number of years. Returning to Melbourne in the seventies, he quickly assumed a leading position in the musical World, and, with the late Mr. T. H. Guenett, organised the popular concerts of chamber music, which were carried on successfully for some years. When the Hobart International Exhibition opened Mr. Linden accepted the position of its musical director, and acted in a similar capacity subsequently at the Coolgardie Exhibition. Thereafter he settled in Perth, but returned to Melbourne after a few years, and took the control of St. Patrick's Cathedral Choir. His death took place the other day at-his residence in South Yarra. Mr. Linden was regarded as a sound musician of the German school. He was a Wagnerite of the "sweetly reasonable" type, declaring his acceptance of the new composer as an epoch maker in music, even before he left his native land for California, when Wagner's adherents were few and far between. Mr. Linden leaves a widow and three grown-up children. A daughter of the late Mr. Linden is now appearing with "The Arcadians" Company in His Majesty's Theatre, Perth.

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (4 October 1912), 1


Wagner and his works (illustrative reading by Mr Otto Linden, with recital of Tannhäuser (first Act) ... Independent Hall, Melbourne, Saturday, 19th September, 1885) ([Melbourne?: s.n., 1885])


Vocal pupil (of Henry Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier[Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

THOMAS LINDSAY (Vocal), Queen-st. [pupil of Henry James Witton]



Active Adelaide, SA, June 1858


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 June 1858), 1

"MISKA HAUSERE'S FAREWELL CONCERT", South Australian Register (26 June 1858), 2


LINGER, Carl Ferdinand August (1810-1862)

Professor of music, pianist, conductor, composer

Go to mainpage: 

LINK, Antonietta (Signora; Mademoiselle, Antonietta LINK, Antoinetta [sic] LINK)

Soprano vocalist

Born Konigsburg, Germany, c.1852

Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, 22 July 1877 (per R.M.S.S. Avoca)
Departed (1) Sydney, NSW, January 1878

Arrived (2) Melbourne, September 1878
Departed (2) Melbourne, 28 May 1880 (per R.M.S.S. Malwa, for Europe)

Arrived (3) Melbourne, by July 1881
Departed (3) Melbourne, 1 February 1882 (per Khedive, for Venice)

Arrived (4) Melbourne, October 1890 (per Orizba)
Departed (4) Sydney, 20 February 1893 (per Oceanic, for Auckland and San Francisco)

Died New York, ? 1901

Antonietta Link, 1877

Image: "SIGNORA ANTONIETTA LINK", The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (1 September 1877), 88 

1877-05-25: The new prima donna, Signora Antoinetta Link, who arrived in the colony recently under engagement to Mr W. S. Lyster, is to make her first appearance in Melbourne on Saturday night, at the Opera House, in Meyerbeer's grand opera, "Roberto il Diavolo."

1877-07-28: The new prima donna Signora Antoinetta Link was occupied last night in a full rehearsal (the only one she has had since her arrival) of the grand opera "Roberto il Diavolo." She takes her place and moves upon the stage like one accustomod to be chief in the scenes in which she appears. She has fine physique and rare intelligence, she is a warm hearted actress as well as singer, and we augur most favourably of the effect she is to produce on her first public appearance to night. The case of the opera will be as follows namely - Alice, Signora Antoinetta Link; Isabella, Signora Caranti Vita; Signora Pasta will be the principal danseuese; Roberto, Signor Paladini; Rombaldo, Signor Camero; Bertramo, Signor Cesari. The orchestra and chorus are in great strength. This one rehearsal of people who havo only within the last two days been drawn together from the most distant parts was a satisfactory proof of the completeness of the organisation under Mr. Lyster's control. Knowing what can be done, we shall endeavour to keep that gentleman and his forces up to their best mark during the season which commences this evening.

1877-07-05: Signora Antonietta Link. This lady, the admirable qualities of whose voice are so well known to the music-loving public of Sydney and Melbourne, is a native of Konigsberg, in Prussia, and she pursued her musical studies in Dresden under the direction of the great Schuberth. Having here obtained the command of the German school of music, she went to Milan, where she acquired the Italian style under the professorship of the celebrated Lamperti. Her first appearance in public was in Russia in 1869, when she was only 17 years of age, and her excellence was at once recognized. She next sang in grand opera in Leipsic, afterwards in Berlin, Vienna, and in most of the leading cities in Germany and Austria, delighting her audiences, among whom have been from time to time the Emperors of Russia, Germany, and Austria. After her great successes in her native land she went to Italy, where her acquisition of the Italian method of singing enabled her to give equal pleasure to her southern auditors. Here she had the honour of singing before the late King of Italy. In July, 1877, while she was at Florence, Signora Link formed the determination to visit Australia, arriving in Melbourne in the course of that year. Her first concert decided her triumph there, and she was on every occasion received with the utmost enthusiasm. After spending a short time in the capital of Victoria she took a trip home to Konigsberg, in order to visit her parents, and returned to Melbourne in September, 1878. In compliance with a pressing invitation, she visited Sydney once or twice and sang at Herr Kretschmann's Beethoven Festival Concert, among others. While he was recently organizing his present opera company, Mr. W. S. Lyster was fortunately able to secure Signora Link as one of his prime donne, and the public have, in the present season, the opportunity of hearing this grand artist. Signora Link's voice is of great compass and of pure, rich quality. It is one of those voices which instantly arrest the attention and carry the audience with them. It is perfectly cultivated, and is of a most expressive character with all its sweetness. In such operas as 'Faust,' 'Trovatore,' 'Les Huguenots,' 'Aida,' and 'Lohengrin,' besides most of the other tragic operas which might be named, Signora Link is perfectly at home, and she adds to the beauties of her voice a style of acting which admirably heightens its effect. She can render the simple aria, the grand scena, or the love song with equal grace, power, and finish; and is not less effective in concerted pieces than in her own airs. Such is Signora Link; and we may add, with pleasure, that this genuine artist will, after a possible tour through America, probably make Australia her home. We have said little about Signora Link's power as a concert singer; but the subject is not one to be passed over in silence. Her name in a programme is a sure indication of a great feature in any concert.

1849-11-04: DEATHS. LINK. - On the 27th August, at Konigsberg, Prussia, Carl Edward Link, J.P., the beloved father of Signora Antonietta Link.

1880-05-29: The R.M.S.S. Malwa, with the fortnightly mails from Australia and New Zealand, left the bay yesterday afternoon, at the usual hour, 1pm, for Galle, via Adelaide and King George's Sound. Among the passengers who left by the Malwa was Signora Antonietta Link, who is about to revisit Germany.

1881-07-05: The Liedertafel concert at the Exhibition building tonight [4 July] was a great event in the musical annals of the colony. About 5000 persons were present, and the hall presented a very pretty appearance, being decorated with ferns and flags. The Governor, the Marchioness of Normanby, the Princes, Admiral the Earl Clanwilliam, and a large number of officers of the squadron, and many of the leading citizens were present. The programme was well carried out. Foremost on the list of vocalists was Signora Antonietta Link, who made her reappearance after a long sojourn in private life. She was in splendid voice, and was received with great enthusiasm. Madame Boema, Mrs. Cutter, and M. Kowalski also took part.

1890-10-16: Madame Antoinetta Link, who recently arrived in the Orizaba, has been engaged by the Metropolitan Liedertafel to make her first appearance at their next concert, which will take place early in November, when she will sing the part of Elsa in the first act of Wagner's opera "Lohengrin." It will be remembered that about eight years ago Madame Link created quite a sensation in Melbourne both by her singing and acting as Elsa, when "Lohengrin" was produced at the Opera house, under the direction of the late Mr. W. S. Lyster. The opera at that time had a phenomenal run of several weeks, and was the topic of conversation in musical in circles for a long time. Madame Link has come out with the intention of making a concert tour through the colonies.

1891-01-03: For the soprano music Signora Antoinetta Link was engaged. This lady, whose brilliant operatic career on her previous visit earned for her lasting fame in Australia, and who then charmed all by her performance in 'Messiah,' repeated the effect on both occasions, and, although as Elsa, Marguerite, Aida, Adelia, and other operatic heroines she is more at home, the beautiful voice and the true expression with the sympathetic temperament made the quartet of recitatives, "Come unto me," and "I know that my Redeemer liveth," most valuable contributions and assured all that the artist has in no way diminished the vocal powers which won Australian hearts a decade ago. Madame Link on her passage out had an awkward accident through falling against a rail during a heavy sea, and the shock to the nervous system has been great; but the recovery is nearly complete.

1894-11-13: It will interest the numerous Sydney friends of that charming artiste, Madame Antoinetta Link, to learn that on Wednesday, August 29, she was married in New York, U.S.A., to Mr. William A. Harney, of Brooklyn, N.Y..

1901-07-00: The insured [William A. Harney] ,was married at the time of the issuance of the policy, but his wife died in July, 1893. He married the plaintiff in August, 1894, and died in November, 1898. He left a last will, dated December 18, 1894, in which he bequeathed to his wife, Antoinetta Harney, the plaintiff, the policy in question, subject to the rights of one Jaquith under an assignment . . . We are of opinion . . . that a final judgment should be ordered for the plaintiff.

1901-08-31: Signora Antoinetta Link, who was well known to Sydney audiences some years ago as an accomplished operatic soprano, recently committed suicide (through want) in New York. Signora Link first visited Australia in 1878 with an operatic company. Later, she taught here for a few years, leaving for America in 1893. She married there, a year later, a Mr. William Harney.


"ENGLISH SHIPPING-INTELLIGENCE", The Australasian (21 July 1877), 15

"TOWN TALK", Geelong Advertiser (25 July 1877), 2

[News], The Argus (28 July 1877), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1878), 2

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC", Australian Town and Country Journal (21 December 1878), 35

"Signora Antonietta Link", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (5 July 1879), 9

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (4 November 1879), 4

[News], The Argus (29 May 1880), 7

"INTERCOLONIAL NEWS [BY TELEGRAPH]", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1881), 5

"MELBOURNE OBSERVATORY", The Argus (2 February 1882), 4

[News], The Argus (16 October 1890), 4

"MUSIC AND DRAMA. Messiah", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (3 January 1891), 15

"Maritime Miscellany", Evening News (18 February 1893), 5

[News], Evening News (13 November 1894), 4

"LEONARD v. HARNEY" [July 1901], Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Second Department.·63 App. Div. 294 (N.Y. App. Div. 1901)

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Brisbane Courier (31 August 1901), 9

"HENRY W. LEONARD, as Executor of ANTOINETTA HARNEY, Deceased, v. WILLIAM H. HARNEY, Appellant . . .", in Edwin A. Bedell, Report of cases decided in the Court of Appeals of the State of New York . . . Volume 178 (Albany: J. B. Lyon, 1903) 352-55 

"Pioneering Days. EARLY REMINISCENCES. By GEO. EVERARD ... PART XIV", The Horsham Times (20 February 1914), 7 

1879 ... we took the train for Adelaide ... The nights were passed at the Theatre Royal, Wagner's "Lohengrin" being performed, Madame Antionette Link being the star singer ...

Associated musical works:

List! the birds are singing (song . . . by Franz Abt; words by Edward Oxenford; dedicated to Signora Antonietta Link . . . composed expressly for Nicholson and Ascherberg) (Melbourne: Nicholson and Ascherberg, [1878])

LINN, Peter


Active Launceston, TAS, by 1856


"MUSICAL", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 January 1856), 5

We are given to understand that the Tasmanian Band, under the superintendence of Mr. P. Linn, (late of the Bavarian band) is making most satisfactory progress. On Tuesday evening last, the band played some choice airs on the Church Green, in a style it is stated which gave them a great deal of credit. We hope ere long to see all local talent, whether amateur or professional, fully encouraged.

"ETHIOPIAN ENTERTAINMENT", Launceston Examiner (24 October 1861), 5

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (16 May 1863), 4


Choirmaster, vocalist

Born London, 1823
Arrived Sydney, NSW, October 1841 (per William Turner)
Died Sydney, NSW, 8 July 1894, aged 71


"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1843), 2

"DEPARTURE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 January 1845), 2

"JEWISH SYNAGOGUE", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 May 1845), 2

We understand that the choir of the Synagogue is in rehearsal, previous to the consecration, under the able tuition of Mr. F. Howson sen., to be led and conducted by Mr. Lipman, lately from Sydney, whose talent in the Hebrew tongue is universally acknowledged by the members of that persuasion, and we doubt not that the effect will be very imposing.

"DEPARTURES", Launceston Examiner (18 June 1845), 4

? "MUSWELL BROOK", The Maitland Mercury (25 March 1846), 2

Some songs were also sung in a masterly style by Mr. Lipman, Mr. Kirkwood, and Mr. Haynes.

"UTTERING A FORGERY", The Maitland Mercury (26 September 1846), 4

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1847), 4

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1894), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Colin Choat, Lipman, Lewis (1823-1894), Obituaries Australia


Musician, violinist

Born Germany ? 1833/1843

Arrived Melbourne, February 1857(per Broughton Hall, from Liverpool
Active Victoria, 1866
Died Chewton, VIC, 6 November 1905


[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (7 July 1864), 3 

The Victoria Post Office directory (1866), 259

"CHEWTON BOROUGH COUNCIL", Bendigo Advertiser (2 March 1883), 3

"MINING ACCIDENT AT CHEWTON", The Argus (31 October 1891), 11

"IN MEMORIAM", Leader (10 November 1906), 44 

Bibliography and resources:

Ray Meyer, "Die Wandermusikanten von Salzgitter (the wandering musicians of Salzgitter)", Ancestor: quarterly journal of the Genealogical Society of Victoria (Autumn 1991), 4-5


Music and general retailer

Active Maitland, NSW, by 1843
Died Maitland, NSW, 7 July 1873, in the 63rd year of his age


In May 1847, the Maitland "bookseller and druggist" William Lipscomb was selling: "Nicholson's Flute Preceptor, Davidson's Accordion Preceptor, West's Singing Preceptor, Jossue's Violin Preceptor.'


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (7 January 1843), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (19 July 1845), 3

To the Professors of the Violin of the Hunter river District. GENTLEMEN. Having heard that many of you have been venting execrations on my organs of vision, for selling you inferior Violin Strings, and that others have hung up their instruments in despair, I do not wonder at it, although I deeply regret the occurrence; for now they are all sold I will candidly admit that they were as rascally a lot as ever came into the colony. But most of you are aware that no better could be procured in Sydney. I am happy now to inform you that I have just received from England a fresh supply of a superior description. Those I have already sold have been highly approved of. Among others they have met with the approbation of three Scotch gentlemen, who are generally known to be very reserved and cautious in giving praise, but as ready to kick up a row as eat a meal should anything offend them. I am, Gentlemen, Your obedient servant, W. LIPSCOMB. P.S. I have just heard that several bagpipes have been engaged for the booths on the race- course. It is my opinion that if half-a-dozen of the players were allowed to enter the regions below with their instruments, the devil himself would evacuate his dominions. Of course the same number would rout a whole army of fiddlers. I would therefore advise the latter to be prepared for the occasion, and have good strings to their instruments. W. L.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (10 October 1846), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (8 May 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (26 May 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (17 May 1848), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (17 August 1850), 3

ENGLISH AND ROMAN VIOLIN STRINGS. W. L. begs to draw the attention of those jolly fiddlers, or, more correctly speaking, the professional gentlemen engaged, to perform each week in the iron bark bowers on the Race-course, to the above assortment of Strings. He need not remind them how plenty of tone suits out-of-door amateurs, or those who have made up their minds to enjoy themselves by welting the floor for an hour or two, and these strings will stand rasping away upon in glorious style. A friend of mine, who had tried them, told me they were strong enough to tether a donkey.

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury (12 July 1873), 1 

LISSIGNOL, Eugène Adolphe

Violinist, harpist, composer, diplomat, translator, natural historian

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1859-70


FAREWELL BANQUET TO THE FRENCH CONSUL (Illustrated Melbourne News, 25 July 1862): Lissignol, seated at table, fourth from left


A "pupil of Thalberg and Lefebure-Wely, recently arrived from Europe", Lissignol advertised his first Melbourne concert in January 1859. After appearing in several other concerts in his first months, he then took to giving fencing displays on stage, and his professional musical activities seem thereafter to have ceased, though he continued to participate as an amateur (for instance, playing harp in the orchestra for a Musical Union concert in May 1861).

By November 1863, he was employed in the chancellery of the French Consulate, though in May 1864 "Eugene Lissignol, of Melbourne, tobacco manufacturer and commission agent" was newly insolvent. As secretary of the consulate, in 1866, in association with the Intercolonial Exhibition, he published French translations on books by Ferdinand von Mueller (Notes sur la végétation indigène et introduite de l'Australie) and William Henry Archer (Progrès de Victoria, depuis 1835, jusqu'a 1866). In April 1868, the University of Melbourne awarded him degree ad eundum of Bachelor of Arts, along with such other notable figures as J. H. Plunkett, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Sydney, and the Chief Justice of Victoria.

Lissignol was unanimously elected secretary the Acclimatisation Society of Victoria in October 1868, and served on the committees of other horticultural and agricultural societies. In 1869 he was also Superintendent of Royal Park, where however his officious behaviour brought him into dispute with Mr Oldfield, a City Councillor, in August when:

... one of the young gentlemen who was playing in a football match in the park, to put on this coat and leave the ground, otherwise he should have handcuffs put on him" which was very insulting. Mr. Lissignol was not particular as to whom he insulted, for not long since he had him (Councillor Oldfield) under his finger (laughter) because he happened to be exercising a horse on private land which was not part of the park. If he insulted persons who were on private land, it was not surprising that he should have insulted the football club.

Finally, in May 1870, according to the Argus:

A report which was circulated on Saturday to the effect that M. Lissignol, late secretary of the Acclimatisation Society, who was about to sail by the mail to Bombay, where he had been appointed as French vice-consul, was on the eve of being arrested for embezzlement, caused no little excitement and consternation in Melbourne especially amongst the French residents. The report was found to be true, a warrant having been issued for his arrest on a charge of converting to his own use a cheque for £100 entrusted to him for payment into the bank ...

However, according to a later report: "The B. M. S. Avoca sailed punctually ... The matter was settled, and Lissignol was discharged barely in time to catch the mail." The court's resolution of the matter was not without its critics in the press, and "LISSIGNOL'S DEFALCATIONS" were discussed on the floor of parliament in June, it being concluded however that there "were no materials on which the Government could proceed against the person who had got away from the country."


[Advertisement], The Argus (15 January 1859), 8

"MR LISSIGNOL'S CONCERT", The Argus (24 January 1859), 5


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 March 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 April 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 April 1859), 8

"THE THEATRES", The Argus (20 April 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 May 1859), 8

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (16 June 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Star (25 June 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 May 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (18 November 1863), 4

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Star (30 May 1864), 3


"UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE", The Argus (20 April 1868), 6

"NOTES AND NEWS", South Bourke Standard (9 October 1868), 2

"THE GAZETTE", The Argus (22 March 1869), 5

"CITY COUNCIL", The Argus (31 August 1869), 1

[News], The Argus (23 May 1870), 4

"MELBOURNE", The Maitland Mercury (26 May 1870), 2

"VICTORIA", South Australian Register (30 May 1870), 5

"PARLIAMENT", The Argus (9 June 1870), 6

"THE MONTH", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (18 June 1870), 105

Musical works:

Giralda (Spanish dance for the piano forte) (Melbourne: De Gruchy & Leigh Lithogrs., 1859)

Waltz "Toorak ("First time of performance") [April 1859]

Grand trio, "The huguenots" (Meyerbeer) (Arranged for the Pianoforte, Harmonium, and Violin by Mons. Lissignol) (June 1859)

Other references:

"PROCÈS-VERBAUX", Bulletin de la Sociétéimpériale zoologique d'acclimatation 7 (1870), 615

"KNIGHTS TEMPLAR", The Freemasons' quarterly (28 January 1871), 79

LITHGOW, Alex (1870-1929)

Musician, bandmaster, composer (NLA persistent identifier)


LITOLFF, Francis

Band leader (Victoria Quadrille Band), music-seller (Litolff and Glen), piano tuner (formerly eight years with Messrs. Blackwood), composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1857
Died Richmond, VIC, 25 April 1886, in his 83rd year


"Letters List", The Argus (23 September 1856), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 September 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 September 1857), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 June 1858), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 January 1859), 6

"Deaths", The Argus (26 April 1886), 1

Musical Works:

The Curaçoa polka (F. Litolff; Musical souvenir of the first visit to Melbourne of H. M. S. S. Curaçoa, Commodore Sir William Wiseman, September, 1864) (Melbourne: R. J. Paling, 1864)

The comet galop (composed expressly), in The Illustrated Melbourne Post (24 February 1865)


Pianist, piano tuner

Active VIC, 1861


[News], Gippsland Times (23 October 1861), 2

[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (6 November 1861), 3

"THATCHER", Gippsland Times (22 November 1861), 3

Associations: pianist to Charles Thatcher


Amateur organist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1872


"ORGAN CONTEST AT THE EXHIBITION BUILDING", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 May 1872), 3

Mr. Lloyd, who followed, entered under peculiar circumstances. He confessed to not being able to read music at all, and declined playing any of the six pieces. His manipulation of the keyboard was, however, remarkable, considering he kept the coupler out, and he gave evidence of great musical powers entirely undeveloped. His selected piece was a marvel in its way. Commencing with the "March in Athalie," it went off at a tangent into "Pilgrims of the Night," and ultimately lost itself in a pleasing compound of the "Olia Podrida" character.

LLOYD, Edwin

Professor of Piano, Organ, and Singing, choirmaster, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1889
Departed Brisbane, QLD, mid 1901
Died Natal, South Africa, 28 January 1903

1889: We have received for review Beneath Australian Skies, a cantata with scenic effects. It is a local production, for which Messrs H. A. Corbet and E. Lloyd are responsible as librettist and composer respectively. From a preface to the work it appears that their idea was to arrange a series of tableaux, musically illustrated, representing "some of the various shades of thought that are produced by the contemplation of Australia as a settlement that will be a nation in the future." The originality which Messrs. Corbet and Lloyd claim for their work cannot be disputed, and we sincerely hope that it will not be imitated, for both words and music are remarkable for their want of interest.

Obituary: Mr. Edwin Lloyd, who was a professional musician for many years in Brisbane, and organist of St. Paul's Presbyterian Church, died at Addington Hospital, Durban, Natal, on the 28th January, from acute pneumonia. The deceased gentleman bad been nearly three years in Natal, and held the position of accountant in the firm of M'Ilwaine and Company, Field-street, Durban, and he was organist of the Berea Presbyterian Church, Durban ...


"MUSICAL NOTES", The Argus (7 December 1889), 4

"Our Ballarat Letter", Camperdown Chronicle (7 January 1890), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (21 July 1900), 6

"MUSICAL ECHOES", The Brisbane Courier (14 October 1890), 7

"OUR BALLARAT LETTER", Camperdown Chronicle (11 December 1890), 3

 "Music. Musical Echoes", The Queenslander (3 January 1891), 19

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (18 March 1891), 2

"BENEFIT TO MR. EDWIN LLOYD", The Brisbane Courier (19 July 1900), 4

"BENEFIT CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (9 May 1901), 6

"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (2 March 1903), 5

"WEDDING", The Brisbane Courier (31 May 1909), 7 

LLOYD, Henry

Violinist, photographer

Born c.1832/3
Active Castlemaine, VIC, by 1868
Died Melbourne, VIC, April 1910 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Active as a violinist in Castlemaine since the late 1860s, Henry Lloyd moved to Melbourne in mid 1895. From his residence at 45A High Street, West Prahran, he worked as a photographer for several years. While living there he made and inscribed with his name and address the later of the two surviving copies of Maria Logan's 1836 arrangement A song of the Aborigines of Van Diemen's Land (


"THE HOWSON CONCERT", Mount Alexander Mail (28 October 1868), 2 

"CONCERT AND READINGS", Mount Alexander Mail (22 July 1870), 2 

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Mount Alexander Mail (23 June 1871), 2 

"JUVENILE BALL", Mount Alexander Mail (28 August 1880), 3 

"THEATRE ROYAL", Mount Alexander Mail (19 April 1881), 2 

"VOLUNTEER BALL", Mount Alexander Mail (28 December 1883), 2 

"THE MILITARY BALL", Mount Alexander Mail (9 October 1885), 2 

"THE REV. A. McCULLY'S RECITALS", Mount Alexander Mail (1 July 1886), 2 

"THEATRE ROYAL", Mount Alexander Mail (4 April 1888), 3 

"THE CASTLEMAINE ORCHESTRA", Mount Alexander Mail (26 January 1893), 2 

"CONCERT AT WESLEY HILL", Mount Alexander Mail (20 June 1895), 2 

"CONCERTS, &c.", The Australasian (31 August 1895), 40 

"CASTLEMAINE", The Argus (14 April 1910), 9 

An old resident of Wesley Hill, Mr H. Lloyd, died in the Benevolent Asylum on Wednesday, at the age of 78 years. In the early days deceased was the leading violinist of the district.

LOCH, John Dickson (John D. LOCH)

Amateur musician, editor of collections of sacred music

Born Northumberland, England, 18 July 1805
Arrived VDL (TAS), by 1838
Died South Yarra, VIC, 5 August 1876, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Amateur musician

Born 8 March 1811
Alfred died WA, 23 April 1887
Charles died Perth, 22 November 1893, aged 82


Amateur musician (NLA persistent identifier)

LOCHÉE, Alfred, junior (LOCHEE)

Amateur musician


Alfred Lochee and his identical twin brother Francis were both musical. Francis married James Purkis's youngest daughter Emma in 1846. One or other of the Lochees is probably the author of most of the musical commentary in the Inquirer, as notably the review of the sacred concert in May 1845.


"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

"MARRIED", Inquirer (2 September 1846), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

"DEATH OF MR. ALFRED LOCHEE", The Daily News (23 April 1887), 3

"OUR JUBILEE", The Inquirer (6 August 1890), 3

"Death", The West Australian (24 November 1893), 4

"DEATH OF MR. LOCHEE", The Inquirer (24 November 1893), 14

"DEATH OF MR. FRANCIS LOCHEE J.P.", The West Australian (24 November 1893), 5

"AFTER MANY YEARS", The West Australian (25 July 1919), 8

"RECOLLECTIONS", The West Australian (19 October 1935), 7 


Bandsman (HMS Carysfort)

Visiting Sydney August 1845


"FLEECING NEPTUNE'S MUSICIANS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1846), 2

LOCKEY, William

Singer, busker

Active Sydney, NSW, 1845


"AN AMATEUR SINGER", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 February 1845), 4

A miserable looking object, who appeared as if he had neither washed   nor shaved for the last twelve months, and who gave his name William Lockey, was charged with lying down drunk in the streets. The prisoner had become a perfect nuisance in the town, singing songs for halfpence, and collecting crowds of idle boys and loungers round him, and as it appeared that he slept every night m the bush, and had no legitimate way of getting a livelihood, he was sent to gaol for one month.

LODER, George (1816-1868)

LODER, Emma (Miss Emma NEVILLE)

Go to mainpage:

LOGAN, Maria

(Maria ELLARD; Mary ELLARD; Mrs. C. D. LOGAN; Maria LOGAN)

Pianist, professor of music, organist, composer

Born Dublin, 1808 (daughter of Ann and Andrew ELLARD)
Arrived Hobart, 15 February 1835 (per Sarah)
Arrived Sydney, 1842
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 25 December 1886, aged 78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also family mainpage:

LOGAN, Charles David (Mr. C. D. LOGAN)

? Transcriber of Indigenous song


Maria Logan was a daughter of Dublin music-seller Andrew Ellard and his first wife Ann, a sister of Francis Ellard of Sydney, and a first cousin of William Vincent Wallace and Eliza Wallace Bushelle. Charles Logan (who had witnessed Andrew Ellards second marriage), had organised two shiploads of female emigrants from Dublin, and the Logans accompanied the first of these, on the Sarah, to Hobart Town, arriving there on 15 February 1835. Charles founded a "Hobart Town Public Library", while Maria, as "Mrs. C. D. Logan", established herself as a concert performer and teacher, of "Pianoforte and Singing, combining the principles of Thorough Bass and Composition".

According to her later pupil, the singer Lucy Chambers, Logan had herself been a pupil in Dublin of John Bernard Logier.

On Logier and the Wallaces and Ellards, see: 

Late in 1835, Logan collaborated with her cousin Vincent Wallace in his Hobart appearances, and by the time she gave her last Hobart concert in June 1842, the reviewer of The Courier had concluded that:

... in addition to the possession of talent in herself, she has also the happy method of imparting it to so many of her pupils, we have no hesitation in pronouncing her intended departure from these shores as a loss to the rising generation on this side of the island.

Logan also "presided at the seraphine" at the consecration of St. George's Church, Battery Point, in 1838, the instrument built by her father in Dublin, as is recorded not only in fact, but in fiction (in the title story to English novelist Penelope Fitzgerald's book of short stories, The means of escape).

One very important musical record of the Logan's activities in Hobart survives, in two manuscript copies of a Song of the Aborigines of Van Diemen's Land (arranged by Mrs. Logan) (see details below). George Augustus Robinson's journal for Sunday 22 October 1836 records:

Spent the evening at Logan's in Macquarie Street. Mr. Logan set to music a song of the aborigines, POPELLER etc., the first ever attempted. Spoke of Dr R; censured Mrs. Jackson, Mrs. Ross, Mrs. Lempriere.

Referencing Alice Moyle, in the notes to his edition of the journal Brian Plomley registered Maria's professional musical activities and her published song (see below), and with the ascription on the manuscripts in mind, speculated that she "may also have been the one who transcribed the aboriginal song, Popeller, and not her husband." Equally possible, however, is that Charles did indeed transcribe the melody, and his wife made the arrangements.

A second musical work, but now lost, was a song, The vow that's breathed in solitude, published in Hobart in 1839, "the music arranged by Mrs. Logan" to words by Robert Stewart, author previously of the words to a Vincent Wallace song dedicated to the self-same Mrs. Logan. The Hobart Town Courier greeted it as the "first Van Diemen's Land melody" (if certainly not the first colonial composition, it was the first in print):

A song, entitled The vow that's breathed in solitude, the words by Mr. Stewart, the music arranged by Mrs. Logan" has been forwarded to us, and, according to our judgment, affords a very creditable specimen of 'immortal music married unto verse'. This is the first Van Diemen's Land melody it has been our fortune to encounter, and is well worthy of being hailed by all the lovers of song and of Tasmania, with all the gladness and rejoicing of a new birth.

Meanwhile, The Hobart Town Advertiser advised:

We must not pass lightly by the music of Mrs. Logan, a lady who has the merit of being the first musical compositor in the colony.

Charles having recently been bankrupted, the Logans moved to Sydney (with five children, and a servant), and Maria was organist of St. Andrew's Church and teaching music in a private lady's academy by the end of 1842. Her later pupils included Thomas Livingstone Mitchell's daughter Blanche Mitchell (1843-1869), whose diaries included many references to her (see State Library of New South Wales, MLMSS 1611

Another young pianist, Sarah Cross Little (1832-1909), made a manuscript copy (dated "Sydney, 29 January 1853") of the popular song Those evening bells arranged by Mrs. Logan, which is probably hers (see State Library of New South Wales, MLMSS 7115 

Musical works and arrangements:

Song of the Aborigines of Van Diemen's Land arranged by Mrs. Logan

Page 1 (

Page 2 (

This earlier copy dates perhaps from the 1840s, though copying errors suggest that it was not made by Logan herself.

Song of the Aborigines arranged by Mrs. Logan

This later copy appeared to have been made, c.1890s, by Henry Lloyd, of Prahran, VIC.


Alice Moyle, Tasmanian music, an impasse?, edited by W.F. Ellis, in records of the Queen Victoria Museum (Launceston: Museum Committee, Launceston City Council, 1968)

N. J. B. Plomley (ed.), Weep in silence: a history of the Flinders Island Aboriginal settlement with the Flinders Island Journal of George Augustus Robinson, 1835-1839  (Hobart: Blubber Head Press , 1987), 391, 657 note

A. J. Hammerton, "'Without Natural Protectors': Female Immigration to Australia, 1832-36," Historical Studies 16/65 (1975), 539-66 (re Charles Logan 549-550, 563)


"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (20 February 1835), 3

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (27 March 1835), 2

 [Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (12 June 1835), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (4 August 1837), 1

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (29 May 1838), 7

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (25 May 1838), 2

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (1 June 1838), 3

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (26 April 1839), 2

The Hobart Town Advertiser (10 May 1839)

[Editorial], The Hobart Town Courier (17 April 1840), 4

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (26 April 1839), 2

"MRS. LOGAN'S CONCERT", The Courier (10 June 1842), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE: ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (26 July 1842), 2

"MRS. LOGAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1864), 4

"Madame Lucy Chambers", The Argus (25 November 1884), 7

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1886), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1888), 9

As a memorial of the esteem and affection, with which the late Mrs. C. D. Logan was regarded, some of the pupils and friends of that lady propose to found an annual prize, bearing Mrs. Logan's name, in connection with St. Andrew'- Cathedral Choir School. The reason this form has been chosen is that Mrs. Logan, who taught music for 51 years in Australia, was one of the first organists of St. Andrew's Cathedral. By reference to our advertising columns it will be seen that subscriptions will be received by Lady Martin and Miss Hogarth Pringle.

"LOGAN MEMORIAL FUND", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1894), 6

LOGAN MEMORIAL FUND. Some years ago a meeting was called of the former pupils of the late Mrs. C. D. Logan with the object of perpetuating her memory in some suitable way. Miss Maud Hogarth-Pringle, of Parramatta, organised the movement, with the result that a small fund has just been placed in the hands of the Primate, to be expended in the presentation of two yearly prizes for music to the choristers of St Andrew's Cathedral. Mrs. Logan was for long identified with the musical progress of the colony in its earlier days. Originally this lady arrived at Hobart in the year 1835 by the immigrant ship Sarah, of which her husband was superintendent. Mrs. Logan remained in the Tasmanian capital until 1842, and soon became one of the principal resident teachers of music" on the "Logerian system". She officiated first as organist of St. David's Church (where the Cathedral now stands), and later as honorary organist of St. Georges Church, Battery Point. In February, 1842, Mrs. Logan arrived in Sydney, was appointed organist of St. Andrew's pro-Cathedral, and trained the choir. The Rev. Mr. Watson was then incumbent. Mrs. Logan continued to officiate when well advanced in years, during Canon O'Reilly's time. Altogether Mrs. Logan carried on her valuable work as a teacher dining a period of 46 years, numbering amongst her pupils the daughters of the Hon. Mrs. Keith Stewart (daughter of Governor Fitzroy), of Sir Alfred Stephen, Sir Edward Deas-Thomsom, Sir Thomas Mitchell, the Right Hon. W. B. Dalley, Mr. W. C. Wentworth, Sir James Martin, Archdeacon Cowper, Sir Roger Therry, the Hons. Robert Campbell and Robert Fitzgerald, Mr. Alexander Gordon, Mr. James K. Fairfax, and many other well-known Australian families. Mrs. Logan, who passed away on Christmas Day, 1886, was a first cousin of Vincent Wallace, the eminent composer.


Professor of music, languages and accomplishments, composer, convicted forger

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1855) 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1856), 1

NEW MUSIC. Composition by Monsieur de Lolle, on SALE at Mr. SANDON'S house, George-street.



"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1858), 3

"POLICE GLEANINGS", Bell's Life in Sydney (15 April 1865), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1866), 4

"CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1872), 2

"CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT [Sydney]", The Maitland Mercury (17 August 1872), 5

Emile de Lolle was found guilty of forging and uttering, and was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years.

Bibliography and resources:

LOMAX, Mr. (? Benjamin)

Singing class instructor (tonic sol-fa)

Active Wangaratta, VIC, 1864


"WANGARATTA", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (30 August 1864), 3

WANGARATTA. From our own Correspondent. August 29th. Wangaratta is again striving to be musical. A class in connection with the Tonic Sol Fa Association has commenced operations in the old Court House under the direction of Mr Lomax. In obedience to the laws of the parent Society, no charge is made for instruction, but all expenses are defrayed by a trifling subscription. The leader, who appears very hopeful of the result, has collected a large and respectable class, and has certainly managed to inspire them with the utmost confidence in his system, which, according to its supporters, offers the easiest, the cheapest, and the most correct musical code extant.

[News] Australian Town and Country Journal (30 March 1872), 6 

Some recent squabbles at Sandridge have ended in a Supreme Court case. It appears that in November 1868 two of the parents of female children attending the school told Mr. Platts, the incumbent of Trinity Church, that those children had complained that Mr. Benjamin Lomax, then head master, had taken indecent liberties with them.


Professor of the Flute (German and patent Boehm, pupil of Eugene Walckiers), teacher of French, importer, draper, music seller

Born France, c. 1820
Active Adelaide, SA, by April 1850; Sydney, NSW, 1850, until after April 1854
Disappeared c. 1855
? Died Crusoe Gully, VIC, 13 February 1884, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Jean Francois Lonchamp married Clara Mary Vassal on 27 April 1850, at the residence of the Rev'd D. J. Draper, Gawler Place, Adelaide (Australian marriage index)., and on 30 April the couple sailed for Port Phillip on the Rajah. They then sailed from there for Sydney on the Diana, arriving on 23 May.

A pupil of Eugène Walckiers (1793-1866), Lonchamp is first on record as playing in public in Sydney in late 1850, on a Boehm flute playing music by Jean Louis Tulou (1786-1865). He was an associate of the MARSH brothers, and advertised for sale a formidable range of printed music. As a child James Walker was one of his flute pupils.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1850), 1 

MUSIC. M. LONCHAMP, Professor of the Flute, pupil of Eugene Walckiers. (the first master and composer in France) begs to inform the Gentlemen of Sydney that he will give lessons on the German and patent Boehm Flute. The latter instrument is of a superior construction, and the first introduced to the colony. N.B. - M.Lonchamp can supply his pupils with good instruments of the above description, if requisite. For terms apply at Mr. MARSH'S Office, Jamison-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 September 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1850), 3

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", Empire (16 May 1851), 2

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 May 1852), 1 

TO AMATEURS OF MUSIC. THE undersigned begs to announce to his friends and the public in general, that he has been appointed agent by Mr. STEPHEN MARSH, to sell the most select assortment of Music (vocal and instrumental) viz: - ballads, songs, polkas, quadrilles, waltzes, &c, &c, &c, of the most recent date. He also has for sale the most extensive selection of Music for the Fiute and other instruments ever imported in this colony. At the same time the undersigned begs to intimate to his friends that he continue to give private lessons on the Flute. For terms apply to F. LONCHAMP, 278, Pitt-street>

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 July 1852), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1853), 1s

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 April 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1854), 5

NOTICE to the PUBLIC - All outstanding Debts due to Mr. JEAN FRANCOIS LONCHAMP, late of Pitt street, Linen Draper, are to be paid to Mr. J. H. NIXON, of O'Connell-street, Sydney, whose receipt onlv will be sufficient. Dated this 9th day of June, A.D. 1854. J. F. LONCHAMP.

"MYSTERIOUS CASE - SUSPECTED MURDER AND ROBBERY", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (13 October 1855), 3 

We copy the following statement relating to Mr. Longchamp, a gentleman well known in Sydney, from a New York paper of 4th July. The case was still under investigation in the Mayor's Court, before Judge Osborne; and was creating considerable interest. Underneath are the facts, so far as they have transpired: -

On Sunday afternoon, 1st July, a gentleman called, at the chief's office and had an interview with one of the chief's officers; at the same time showing the officer an advertisement offering a harp and choice lot of music for sale at No 75 Nassau-street. It appears by his statement that he was the attorney of a lady named Madame Clara Mary Longchamp, and that a friend of the lady called at No. 75 Nassau-street, for the purpose of purchasing the articles of Otto Anderson, the proprietor of the place, and who claimed to be the owner of the same. Tho property consisted of the harp, a large quantity of books, music, flutes, clothing, linen, and other articles. While examining the articles, the gentleman who intended purchasing the articles for seventy-five dollars discovered the name of Mr. Longchamp, the husband of the above-named lady, written on a portfolio; and he knowing from the wife that she was apprehensive that something wrong had happened to her husband, told Anderson that he knew the wife of the owner of them, and enquired where he procured the articles. He stated that had purchased them from a Captain Lawson, and had advanced money on them. He then informed Madame Longchamp, and together they visited the place, when she immediately recognised the harp as being her property ...

Captain Lawson was sent for to Boston, and voluntarily came to this city with the officers. On the arrival of Captain Lawson he ... informed Judge Osborne that Mr. Longchamp was a passenger with him on his vessel from the Sandwich Islands, and had requested him to ship the goods to Boston, to remain in store till he arrived in this country, but that he (the Captain) being short of funds had concluded to sell the property, to pay some 125 dollars charges due on them, which he had advanced ... ...

The wife of Mr. Longchamp, who was present at the examination, stated that her husband was a merchant in Sydney, where he resided for five years, but concluded to sell out and come to New York, and that she went to Adelaide, Australia, to endeavor to persuade her daughter to accompany them, who would not consent to do so. She then took passage from thence to Now York - her husband promising to meet her here in December last. She had no tidings of him since that time, and is fearful that some wrong has happened to him, and now finding this property under suspicious circuinstances tends the more to increase her alarm. The case is still under investigation ...

? "OUR RESERVOIRS (To the Editor ...)", Bendigo Advertiser (11 February 1878), 3 

... I remain, yours, etc. JEAN LONCHAMP, Miner, Crusoe Gully, 8th February.

? "SUDDEN DEATH OF AN OLD RESIDENT", Bendigo Advertiser (14 February 1884), 3 

Last evening, a man named Jean Longchamp, sixty-five years old, died suddenly at his hut in Crusoe Gully. The deceased, who was a French man by birth, was spoken of as a man of superior attainments, but he was unfortunately somewhat intemperate in his habits. Some few years back when the agitation in regard to the pollution of the Crusoe reservoir, by buried offal, was going on, Longchamp wrote several letters to this journal ... The deceased was a very old resident of Crusoe, having arrived there in the year 1858. He was for a time in business in Sandhurst, but eventually returned to Crusoe, whore he lived up to the time of his death. He also contributed to the press letters of some interest upon political subjects. Cricketers will doubtless be familiar with Longchamp, who often took the scoring book in hand on behalf of one of the teams, most frequently in connection with matches played on Allen's Crusoe Cricket ground. Deceased was 65 years of age at the time of his death, and so far as is known left no relations in the colony ...

"A GRAND OLD MUSICIAN", The Brisbane Courier (16 March 1926), 11



Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1834


At Deane's Oratorio in Hobart in March 1834: "Mrs. Davis's best performance was Let the bright Seraphim, with trumpet obligato performance of Mr. Long". This is perhaps the first unequivocal reference to a performance on a trumpet in Australia.


 [Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (7 March 1834), 3

"Domestic Intelligence", The Hobart Town Magazine 3 (1834), 53

LONGFIELD, Elizabeth Mary (DRANE)

Composer, piano teacher

Active Maitland, NSW, by 1862
Died Cheltenham, NSW, 28 April 1917, aged 87


"PATRIOTIC FUND", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1855), 8

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (19 July 1862), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (19 August 1862), 1

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1868), 4

"CONCERT", Queanbeyan Age (28 October 1869), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 May 1873), 8


[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 October 1878), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 May 1874), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1878), 17

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1897), 9

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1917), 6

Musical works:

Air Anglais varie (for piano) ([Sydney: Elvy & Co., 1868])

Pearl quadrilles ([Sydney: Elvy & Co., 1874])

The A.S.N. galop (composed and dedicated to Captn. Trouton and the officers of the A.S.N. [Australian Steamship Navigation] company by Elizabeth Longfield) (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1878]) [concluded with the air "Home, sweet home"]

Once, and again (song arranged for one or two voices, composed and dedicated to her sisters) (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1878])

Record reign march (for piano) (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1897]) [opens with festival chimes and later introduces the air of "Home, sweet home"]

LORD, Ebenezer

Contrabass player, violinist, vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, February 1850 (per Clifton)


Beedell reasonably suggests that Lord was Ebenezer Lord, who arrived Melbourne on the Clifton with Sara Flower in February 1850. "A contra-bass from the Theatres Royal London", also a violinist, Lord appeared in concerts for Thomas Reed between February and May 1850, and again in January 1851 as a vocalist in several glees.


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 February 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 March 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 March 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 May 1850), 3

"To the Editor ... THE CONCERT AND THE CRITICS", The Argus (24 December 1850), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 January 1851), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Ann V. Beedell, Terminal silence: Sara Flower and the diva enigma (Ph.D thesis, Griffith University, 1999), 157

LORD, Edward (junior)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1868


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1868), 6

Musical work:

Royal sailor waltzes (by the composer Edward Lord, Jnr) (Sydney: Reading and Wellbank, [1868])


Vocalist, concertina player, composer, pianist (from the Académie Imperiale de Musique, St. Petersburg)

Active Grafton, NSW, by April 1862
Departed Sydney, NSW, 22 June 1864 (per Northam, for Point de Galle)


[Advertisement], Clarence and Richmond Examiner (8 April 1862), 3

"CONCERT AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (8 April 1862), 2

Mr. Lortsch's concert came off on Saturday last, at the School of Arts, and the audience, although not so numerous as we had expected, appeared thoroughly to appreciate the efforts of the several performers. Mr. Lortsch's solos on the pianoforte fully exhibited his extraordinary command over that instrument; and his rendering of Beethoven's and Mendelsohn's music, on the concertina, cannot but be considered as perfect.

[News], Süd Australische Zeitung (3 September 1862), 2

[Advertisement], Clarence and Richmond Examiner (21 October 1862), 3

"CONCERT", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (4 November 1862), 2

[Advertisement], Clarence and Richmond Examiner (14 April 1863), 1

"THE TYROLESE MINSTRELS", The Maitland Mercury (2 July 1863), 3

"GRAFTON POLICE COURT", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (14 July 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1863), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1863), 1

"CLEARANCES", Empire (23 June 1864), 4

LOUDIN, Frederick Jeremiah (F. J. LOUDIN)

Bass vocalist, director (Fisk Jubilee Singers)

Born Charleston, Ohio, USA, 1836 (free)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, May 1886 (per R.M.S. Orient)
Departed Adelaide, SA, October 1889 (per R.M.S Orizaba, for Bombay)
Died Ravenna, Ohio, 3 November 1904


"ARRIVAL OF THE ENGLISH MAIL", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1886), 7

"THE FISK JUBILEE SINGERS", The Telegraph, St. Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (26 June 1886), 5

Never before has the Prahran Town Hall proved itself so unsuitable for the requirements of the city than it did on Monday evening, when the above singers gave one of their famous concerts ... the hall was packed to its utmost capacity, scarcely standing room being available, and hundreds had to be refused admission. All this proves the popularity which the Fisk Jubilee singers have attained during their short sojourn here, their success being unprecedented in the history of the colony. The first thing one notices when this band of eleven "sweet singers" ascends the stage, is the absence of all the usual palaver and nonsense we are accustomed to see when professionals, and at times even amateurs, present themselves before us. Unaided by any meretricious stage effects, this little band of negroes holds the vast attendance spell-bound ... We were so entranced with each of the performers that we scarcely like to refer to any one in particular. We may, however, refer to Mr. Loudin, the director, who is a basso profundo of wonderful power. Then, too, he has a winning and unaffected manner, and on Monday night he entirely won the hearts of the fair sex present. It is hoped he is not a married man.

"THE FISK JUBILEE SINGERS", Bendigo Advertiser (20 August 1886), 3

"R.M.S. ORIZABA", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1889), 12

Bibliography and resources:

Lynn Abbott and Doug Seroff, Out of sight: the rise of African American popular music, 1889-1895 (University Press of Mississippi, 2003)

LOUEDIN, Adolphus

Professor of the Cornet-a-piston

Active Sydney, NSW, March-April 1854


[Advertisement], Empire (20 March 1854), 1

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. ON MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 20th 1854, Under Distinguished Patronage. MR. FRANK HOWSON'S GRAND EVENING CONCERT. By the kind permission of Colonel Bloomfield and Officers of H. M. XIth Regiment, the splendid Band will perform several favourite Overtures, &c. First appearance of Monsieur Adolphus Louedin, the celebrated Cornet-a-Piston player ... Pianiste, Mr. Charles Packer ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1854), 1

MONSIEUR ADOLPHE LOUEDIN, Professor of the Cornet-a-Piston, will give lessons on that fashionable instrument. Address, Masonic Hotel, York-street (late Entwisle's)

LOUGHNAN, George Cumberlege

Amateur musician

Born Hobart, TAS, 1842
Died Bourke, NSW, 18 January 1896

Mr. G. C. Loughnan, ex-M.P., who died from the effects of the hot weather at Warraweena, near Bourke, on the 18th January, was born in 1842. The deceased was a member of a family well known in Tasmania, Victoria, Riverina, and New Zealand in connection with pastoral affairs. He was a son of the late Captain J. M. Loughnan, and received his education at Stonyhurst College, England. He commenced his bush life at Burrabogie, of which his father was at that time part owner, was for a time in business at Hay, and subsequently a part owner of Hunthawang on the Lachlan, and Winbar on the Darling. While resident partner at the former, his genial disposition and knowledge of land matters procured his election as one of the members for the Murrumbidgee in 1880 and 1882 ... The deceased and his brothers were widely known as cricketers, musicians, and good fellows ...

Bibliography and resources:

"Loughnan, George Cumberlege (1842-1896)", Obituaries Australia

LOUISE, Madame (Madame LOUISE)

Dancer, vocalist, actor (Royal Victoria Theatre)

Arrived Sydney, 21 October 1842 (passenger per Trial, from Plymouth, 18 May, via Rio De Janeiro)
Active Sydney, until 1851; ? 1859


One of a group of London theatre professionals who arrived in Sydney on the Trial in October 1842, also including Andrew and Eliza Torning, John Gordon Griffiths, the comedian J. B. James, and violinist John Gibbs and his wife, the actor and singer Eliza Gibbs.


[Advertisement], Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle (27 June 1841), 1

ROYAL ALBERT SALOON, STANDARD TAVERN and PLEASURE GROUND, Shepherdess-walk, City-road. Licensed by Act of Parliament. H. Brading proprietor. Open evening, with the best entertainment in London. A grand Concert of vocal and instrumental music, and Herr Theodore Kollman's wonderful performance on the violoncello. Feats the by the Incredibles. Dancing by Madame Louise and Mrs. Andrews . . . The whole under the direction of Mr. T. Jones.

"ARRIVALS", Australasian Chronicle (22 October 1842), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1842), 2

"THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 November 1842), 2

Two more of the performers, a lady and a gentleman, who arrived in the Trial, made their appearance at the Theatre on Monday evening. Of the gentleman, Mr. Torning, all we have to say is, that it is a pity the Londoners were deprived of his services, for he is not calculated to be very useful here. The lady, Madame Louise! is, so far as could be judged from a first appearance, an excellent performer; her appearance is prepossessing, her voice good, and her acting natural, and she bids fair to be exceedingly popular.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (25 March 1843), 3

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (28 June 1845), 3

... An agreeable variety of Singing and Dancing followed the comedy, preparatory to the amusing farce, No Song No Supper, which was capitally got through, with the exception of Madame Louise being put into a singing part. It is unjust, as well as absurd, to compel an actor, or actress, to sing, who is destitute of all vocal qualifications! - where was Madame Carandini? Simes, and Mrs. Gibbs as the Lawyer, and Nelly, were the very personification of their respective originals, - the latter rather coarse, perhaps.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1851), 1

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1859), 1

DISAMBIGUATION: Not to be confused with Mary Myers (Mrs. Frederick Pollock, Mrs. Henry Hele) who at the start of her career in the 1860s was also known as "Madame Louise"; see "THEATRE ROYAL", The Advertiser (24 September 1913), 18 

LOVE, Joseph Lester

Blind fiddler (the first Australian Musician who ever learned to play on the violin)

Born Paramatta, NSW, 1793
Buried Sydney, NSW, 22 October 1836


A freeborn native colonist, the son of John Love, a soldier in the NSW Corps, and his wife Martha, Joseph Lester Love was born in 1793 at Parramatta, NSW.

Blind from birth, he is later listed among those persons victualled from H.M. Magazines (reel 6016.4/5781.p.68).

Having applied on 26 April and 5 May 1818 for permission to wed (reel 6006, 4/3498, 206), he married Mary Ann Goodwin (1803-1878) on 23 November 1818 at St. Philip's, Sydney.

His burial was registered at St. James's, Sydney.


Wentworths papers Superintendent of Police Col. Sect. Office 8th April 1823 (JCP reel 6010, 4/3508, 910)

Sir, With every disposition to forward the innocent recreation of the inhabitants of this town. The Governor has commanded me to submit to the consideration of the Sydney Bench whether the enclosed application for Joseph Love a blind man to play the violin until 9 o'clock every night for the support of himself & his family, can be admitted consistently with good police. J Goulburn.

"MUSIC", The Australian (19 July 1833), 3

MUSIC. Joe Love, the celebrated blind fiddler, is the first Australian Musician who ever learned to play on the violin. Although quite blind, he is considered one of the best musicians in the Colony.

"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (8 August 1833), 3

Mary M'Shea, a troublesome little customer, who set every law and authority at defiance that did not chime in with her ideas of ease and comfort, was charged with playing off her old pranks in bolting, and resorting to a house of very questionable repute, where she was discovered tripping it on the light fantastic toe, to the Paganini-like performance on the violin, of Joe Love ...

"SUPREME COURT", The Australian (12 May 1835), 3

Patrick Kilmartin was charged will the wilful murder of James Hamilton on the Botany-road, on Friday the 24th of April last ... William Christie, wardsman in the police, knew the late James Hamilton: ... the case knife produced was given up to me by a boy who follows Joe Love, a blind man about the town, there was blood upon it, and fresh when delivered up to me. George Love: I was with my brother J. Goodwin when he saw a dead body; Goodwin found a knife, this is the knife, I gave to constable Armstrong ...

"Joe Love and the Australian Paganini", The Australian (14 June 1836), 2

A son of the blind fiddler (Joe Love) some few days since went into he shop of a music seller to purchase a few strings of cat-gut for his parents fiddle. The vender of music knowing the boy was in his line, asked him whether he had heard the performance of Mr. Wallace, and what he thought of it, to which the urchin replied "that for a Waltz or Quadrille or anything in that 'ore way, Wallace was very well, but let him try father at a hornpipe or a jig, lad," said he with a knowing look and shrug of his shoulders, "and then you'll see which can play best."

Bibliography and resources:

John Love and Martha

LOVEDAY, Henry William

Tuner and repairer of Pianofortes, quadrille pianist, arranger

Active Hobart, by August 1856
Died Redfern, Sydney, 1 October 1899, aged 63


According to a later (August 1859) report, Loveday served his apprenticeship with Broadwood of London, and was engaged by J. A. Huxtable on a visit to London to come to Hobart as a "practical pianoforte maker and tuner for this colony.". Huxtable had first advertised Loveday's services in August 1856. A Hobart advertisement in January 1859 prints approving references from Tapfield and bandmaster Douglas Callen. However, in February he announced his relocation to Launceston, where in May and June he was declared insolvent with "no assets". Having moved to Melbourne, from April to June 1860 he was in partnership with Robert Blackburn as "Blackburn, Loveday and Co.", offering "FIVE SHILLINGS PIANOFORTE TUNING". He was in Sydney advertising as a quadrille pianist in 1866, and in 1869, probably to publicise his services as a tuner, he released the musical prints below.


[Advertisement], The Courier (2 August 1856), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Mercury (19 October 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (5 January 1859), 4

"MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (15 February 1859), 2

"Piano Forte Tuning", The Cornwall Chronicle (16 February 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (7 May 1859), 5

"NEW INSOLVENTS DURING THE MONTH", Launceston Examiner (11 June 1859), 2

"MUSICAL", Launceston Examiner (9 August 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 April 1860), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 June 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1866), 1

"TOMMY DODD GALOP", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1869), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1869), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (8 December 1869), 1

"PIANOFORTE MANUFACTURE IN BRISBANE", Warwick Examiner and Times (29 April 1876), 1s

"FURNITURE", The Queenslander (2 September 1876), 11

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 October 1899), 1

"PROBATES", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 November 1899), 4

Published works:

Tommy Dodd galop (Second edition: Sydney: s.n., n.d.)

Tommy Dodd galop (Twelfth edition; founded upon the popular songs Tommy Dodd and Up in a balloon, arranged by H. W. Loveday, Pianoforte Tuner, &c) (Second edition: Sydney: s.n., n.d.)

Flying Squadron galop (by H. W. Loveday, Pianoforte Tuner, &c) (Sydney: s.n., n.d.)

LOWE, Mrs. Charles

Vocalist, harpist

Died SA, 31 August 1893, aged 66

LOWE, Charles



"PORT ELLIOT", South Australian Register (29 April 1864), 3


During the evening Mrs. C. Lowe discoursed some sweet and stirring music upon the harp - an instrument which that lady seems perfectly to understand. A beautiful piece was sung by Mrs. Lowe, with harp accompaniment entitled "The harp restrung at Shakspeare's grave" which met with deserved applause.

"GOOLWA", South Australian Register (4 May 1864), 3

"GOOLWA CAVALRY", The South Australian Advertiser (24 February 1866), 7

"THE CAVALRY FETE AT HIGGINSBROOK", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (7 April 1866), 2

The Welsh air "Ar hyd nos," followed by the French air "Ah vous dirai je maman," were then played on the harp by Mrs. Lowe, who afterwards sang "Willie, we have missed you," and played Boscha's [Bochsa's] French march and "Non piu andrai" (Figaro). A string giving way, she resorted to the piano, singing to that accompaniment "Trab, Trab," "Figlia de Regimento," and lastly, No. 1 of "The Songs of the Goolwa Troop," the words by Mr. Lowe. The song, set to music, adapted and arranged from Norma, ran as follows:
"To the charge!   the trumpets sound,
Forth our troopers swiftly bound ...

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (1 September 1893), 4

LOWE, Robert

Songwriter, journalist, newspaper editor (The Atlas)

Born Bingham, Notts., England, 4 December 1811
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 October 1842 (per Aden, from London, 8 June)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 27 January 1850 (per Kate, for England)
Died Warlingham, Surrey, England, 27 July 1892 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE public tag)


"The Orator", by Charles Rodius; engraved by William Baker


"ARRIVALS", Australasian Chronicle (11 October 1842), 3

"THE ORGAN OF THE OPPOSITION", The Australian (5 December 1844), 2

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 January 1850), 2

"EVENINGS WITH THE MUSICIANS", Bell's Life in Sydney (20 March 1852), 4s

Mr. Robert Lowe, in the course of his examination before the Steam Communication Committee of the House of Commons, observes, "that a very great preventive to the emigration of the educated classes to Sydney was the fact, that there were few or no amusements there." We suspect that this is a fact to which the great majority of the citizens have paid little attention hitherto: but we do hope, that whatever promising improvements may be made in the way of our intellectual and elegant amusements will receive from the Sydney public such a sustained support as may soon place Mr. Lowe's severe, but true, description, amongst the shadows of other days ...

"THE LATE LORD SHERBROOKE", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1892), 3

"The Old Bush Songs", Northern Star (28 April 1906), 6

"Some Early Colonial Journalism", The Brisbane Courier (26 November 1921), 4


The commissioner bet me a pony - I won (Song of the squatters)

"SONGS OF THE SQUATTERS (No. 2)", The Atlas (22 February 1845), 149 

"SONG OF THE SQUATTERS (From the Atlas)", Geelong Advertiser (5 March 1845), 3

Samuel Sydney, The three colonies of Australia: New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia (London: Ingram, Cooke & Company, 1853), 161-62 

Lord Sherbrooke, Poems of a life (London: Kegan Paul, Trench , & Co., 1885), "Songs of the squatters no. 2", 99-101 

"SONG OF THE SQUATTER", The Queenslander (27 October 1894), 788

The gum has no shade (Song of the squatters)

"SONGS OF THE SQUATTERS (No. 3)", The Atlas (1 March 1845), 161 

"SONG OF THE SQUATTERS. The gum has no shade", South Australian (28 March 1845), 4 

"The Bushman to his bride", in Gallops and gossips in the bush of Australia; or, Passages in the life of Alfred Barnard (1854), 33

Lord Sherbrooke, Poems of a life (London: Kegan Paul, Trench , & Co., 1885), "Songs of the squatters no. 3", 102-104 

Bibliography and resources:

R. L. Knight, Lowe, Robert (1811-1892), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

LOWER, Frederick W.

Songwriter, composer, bootmaker

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 10 October 1849 (per Cheapside, from London)
Died Hyde Park, SA, 26 December 1883, aged 60


"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (13 October 1849), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (26 May 1855), 3

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (27 December 1883), 4

"THE LATE MR. F. W. LOWER", South Australian Register (27 December 1883), 4

Musical work:

The old gum tree (By F. W. Lower) (The Adelaide Musical Herald, 27 March 1863, 52-53)

LOYAU, George Etienne (pseud: George Chanson)

Songwriter, bush balladist, journalist, historian

Born London, England, 15 April 1835
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 August 1853 (per Investigator, from London)
Died Bundaberg, QLD, 23 April 1898 (NLA persistent identifier)


"THE COUNTRY JOURNALIST", Illustrated Sydney News (26 October 1872), 11

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", Bunyip (28 November 1879), 3

"THE LATE MR. GEORGE E. LOYAU. TO THE EDITOR", The Advertiser (23 June 1898), 7


The Sydney songster, a collection of new original, local, and comic songs by George Chanson (Sydney: D. Roberts, [1860]) (DIGITISED)

"NEW SONG. THE CABLE MESSAGE", Bathurst Free Press (11 December 1872), 4


The personal adventures of George E. Loyau (Adelaide: L. Henn and Co., 1883)

Notable South Australians (Adelaide: G. E. Loyau, 1885) [included short biographies of several musicians]

Bibliography and resources:

J. H. Love, Loyau, George Ettienne (1835-1898), Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

Hugh Anderson, George Loyau: the man who wrote bush ballads (Melbourne: Red Rooster, 1991)

LUBESKI, Aloes (? Alves)

Professor of music, schoolmaster

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1842


"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Sydney Herald (10 March 1842), 2



Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 May 1830 (per Arab, from London, 10 January); Hobart Town,
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 24 March 1838, aged 18


[Arrivals], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 June 1830), 4

[News], Colonial Times (27 August 1830), 2

The only female singer was Miss LUDGATE, a young lady who was much and deservedly admired; she possesses a most soft and delicate voice, and her songs were sung with that degree of expression, that, we venture to prognosticate, with practice and time she will not only bear the palm of the vocalists of Van Diemen's Land, but will be a credit to any concert room in the world. The song of "Hey the bonnie" was much admired, and as well as the "Huntsman's chorus" was encored.

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Tasmanian (27 August 1830), 6 

A young Lady, Miss Ludgater, sung the beautiful ballad by Bayley "Shades of Evening," with great taste and delicacy .... Bishop's glee "Beam of Light," then followed by Miss Ludgater ... Miss Ludgater sung a song by Devereaux with great sweetness.

Burials in the parish of St. David's, Hobart Town, 1838; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1180907; RGD34/1/1 no 5309 

Sarah Pinhorn Ludgater, aged 18.

"DEATH", Colonial Times (27 March 1838), 7

DEATH. - On Saturday morning, suddenly, aged 18, Miss Ludgater, the beloved and lamented daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ludgater, of the Bee Hive, in Goulburn-street. The cause of this sudden and early dissolution was an attack of serious apoplexy, the fatality of which no medical aid could avert. An affectionate and most dutiful daughter, and beloved by every one to whom she was known, Miss Ludgater has departed very generally lamented. Of her it may be truly said, "In the midst of life we are in death," and her memory will be long cherished by the numerous friends who are left to mourn her untimely departure.


Baritone vocalist

Born Milan, ?1841/2
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, November 1875 (per R.M.S. China, from Galle)
Died Christchurch, NZ, 9 February 1887, aged 45

Melbourne, January 1876: Signor Luisetti made a first appearance on this occasion, and displayed the possession of a fine baritone voice, which be uses in a manner quite consistent with musical good taste.

Obituary (NZ): Signor Pietro Luisetti, well known in Australia and New Zealand as an opera singer, died at Christchurch on Sunday morning after a long illness. The Lyttelton Times says:""He was born at Milan, where his family, we believe, were bankers, and had passed a somewhat adventurous life. As a young man he went to China, and was engaged in the silk trade, selecting cocoons and grain for sending to Italy. On coming to New Zealand he joined the unfortunate party of settlers who tried to make a home at Jackson's Bay, and met with the fate that was to be anticipated on the inhospitable shores of that wild West Coast. On one occasion Signor Luisetti was lost in the bush for 13 days, his only means of sustenance during that period - besides the scanty resources of our native forest - being a cake and some tobacco. As a member of an opera company organised by M. Simonsen he played in Australia, and went on a tour to India. Afterwards he was associated with Miss Emily Melville. His qualifications as a singer and master had been gained by five years' hard study at La Scala. Signor Luisetti leaves a wife and children but slenderly provided for. He was 45 years of age.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (12 November 1875), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1875), 12

"MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (12 January 1876), 10

"MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (15 February 1876), 7

"THE DE MUSKA CONCERTS", The Mercury (22 December 1876), 2

[News], Otago Daily Times (12 January 1887), 2

"SIGNOR PIETRO LUISETTI", Bathurst Free Press (17 February 1887), 3

LUNDBORG, John William (? Johan Wilhelm; also LUNDBERG)

Clarionettist, clarinettist, music teacher
Born ? Sweden, c.1827
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1854
Died Moonee Ponds, VIC, 20 February 1906, "in his 80th year, a member of the musical profession of Victoria for 54 years"

LUNDBORG, Blanche (Lillian Blanch Ingeborg; Mrs John Langtree REILLY)

Pianist, piano teacher

Born Melbourne, VIC, ?
Died Malvern, VIC, 27 January 1934  


According to an advertisement in the Argus seeking  information on his whereabouts, one Casper Lundberg, the cook of the Swedish Brig Wanga disappeared while on shore leave in Melbourne on 10 October 1854. On 21 October, a Herr Lundberg, and a Herr Berg, a trombonist, both "from the King's Theatre Stockholm' appeared with the Nelson Family at the Queen's Theatre. Both then appeared again there a few days later, along with Winterbottom, to play for Catherine Hayes and Lewis Lavenu, when it was reported: "An instrumental duet, for clarionet and valve trombone, given by Herrn Berg and Lundberg, two Swedish musicians, was much applauded, although it appeared somewhat slow amongst the more exciting performances of the evening'. Lundberg played a clarinet obligato to Anna Bishop in July 1856, and both Berg and Lundberg were billed again with Wintebottom's Band in Melbourne in September 1859. "One William Lundberg, a musician, residing in Flinders-lane" was victim of a fraud in 1860.

Lundberg remained a part of the Melbourne musical establishment well into the late 1880s, playing under Frederick Cowen in the 1888 Centenary Exhibition Orchestra.

Until the 1870s the spelling Lundberg is common, Lundborg thereafter.

1871: Little Miss Blanche Lundborg made quite a favourable impression by her performance of Ascher's "Cascade des Roses," a composition of which the title explains the character. Her playing was marked by perfect accuracy, and gives evidence of sound tuition. Young students of music, however, cannot be too strongly impressed with the necessity for systematic study, and the avoidance of the display of juvenile skill, which often passes current for a great deal more than it is worth. Little Miss Lundborg is decidedly clever, and her success on Wednesday evening must have been very gratifying to her father, whose pupil she is.

1875: ... in addition to these there was the first public appearance of Miss Lundborg, a recent pupil of Mr. Guenett and a young lady pianiste who will surely achieve a good position in the ranks of skilled executants. There was more than ordinary interest attached to the appearance of this young lady ... We remember the promise of Miss Lundborg's child performances some few year since in the presence of the friendly and semi-public audience of the Melbourne German Liedertafel, and are glad to find (as all are who find their predictions verified) that her talent is maturing under good guidance to a "fine issue". Miss Lundborg, who is yet but a girl, essayed on her first appearance Schubert's "Impromptu in B flat", and in the second part of the concert she and her teacher, Mr Guenett, played Chopin's "Rondo for Two Pianos Op. 73." Her style may be best judged by her solo performance, which was really admirable, Miss Lundborg showing the excellence of her training, and also the possession of that faculty for music in the absence of which training shall be applied in vain.

1880: At the half yearly examinations of the Musical Association of Victoria held on the 17th inst., the following results were obtained: - Diploma, Arthur Bonwick, Hawthorn; certificate: - Eliza Sinclair, Emerald Hill; Blanche Lundborg, Carlton; Chrissie M. Reid, Geelong; Helena P. Reid, Geelong. The next examinations will take place in October. 


[Advertisement], The Argus (13 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 October 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 October 1854), 8

"QUEEN'S THEATRE - MISS CATHERINE HAYES", The Argus (30 October 1854), 5

"MISS HAYES'S SECOND CONCERT", The Argus (1 November 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 July 1855), 8

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (30 July 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1856), 8

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT [from Melbourne Herald]", The Cornwall Chronicle (2 August 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 September 1859), 8


[Advertisement], The Argus (22 April 1862), 8

THE MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL, The Argus (17 February 1871), 6

"MR. GUENETT'S MATINEE MUSICALE", The Argus (10 February 1875), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (10 December 1878), 1

[News], The Argus (20 April 1880), 5

"MARRIAGES", The Australasian (7 July 1883), 11 Supplement

"MELBOURNE POPULAR CONCERTS", The Argus (12 June 1884), 7

"EXHIBITION NOTES", The Argus (16 June 1888), 13

 "EXHIBITION NOTES", The Argus (21 June 1888), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 February 1891), 8

"DEATHS", The Australasian (3 March 1906), 60

"DEATHS", The Argus (29 January 1934), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 February 1934), 16

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 November 1935), 2 

LUNN, Richard

Side-drummer (99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

LUNT, George

Active Melbourne, VIC, December 1852


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 December 1852), 5



Active Sydney, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3


LYNCH, Henry

Musician, bellringer

Born London, England, 6 April 1822
Arrived Victoria, early 1850s
Died Melbourne, VIC, 21 May 1906

LYNCH, George

Died South Yarra, VIC, 6 July 1909

LYNCH, Harry

LYNCH, Robert

Died Hawksburn, VIC, 27 March 1926

LYNCH, William

Died Melbourne, VIC, 6 June 1945


Trove searches:"Australian+Bellringers""Lynch+family+of+Bellringers"

Lynch Family of Bellringers



[News], The Argus (23 July 1868), 5

A new troupe of bell-ringers will shortly make their appearance before the public. A musician named Lynch, residing at Geelong, has recently imported a complete set of hand bells from the celebrated firm of Messrs Mears and Stainbank, and he and his four sons, one of whom is only eight years of ago, have become remarkably proficient in the campagnolian art. In addition to the hand bells they will also perform upon a stand of bells, with which they can give selections from the most popular operas with remarkable accuracy.

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (23 July 1868), 2

Those who have heard the celebrated Lancashire Bell-ringers will agree with us when we say they are not likely to forget the sweet music discoursed. On the occasion of their first visit to Geelong they created quite a furore, it being the general opinion that they had not their equals in the world. We did not expect that Geelong would ever be able to lay claim to a troupe equally talented, but now we find that such an event has come about. Hearing that Mr Lynch, of Chilwell, had recently imported a complete set of hand bells from the celebrated firm of Mears and Stainbank, we yesterday paid him a visit, and were surprised to find ourselves in the midst of quite a musical family, Mr .Lynch and his four sons being enthusiastic campagnolians. The hand-bells, forty in number, were only received about a fortnight ago, and are made of the very best metal, with the latest improvements. The Lancashire Ringers used soprano bells made of inferior metal to those imported by Mr Lynch; while the latter are tenor bells, and have a splendid tone. The leather is fixed into the clapper by means of a screw, thus allowing a better and more distinct blow being struck than under the old system when the leather was merely bound round. Mr. Lynch and his sons have already perfected themselves in sixty of the most popular pieces oi music, and in a short time will make their appearance before the public, when, if colonial talent is at all appreciated, they certainly deserve to be as successful as the Lancashire troupe. Yesterday we heard them play a number of tunes most accurately, and amongst them were - "When the kie cames hame," "The Highland fling," " There is nae luck about the house," etc. One of the ringers is quite a little wonder; he is only eight years of age, but he performs with as great accuracy as his father. In addition to the hand-bells the company also perform on the stand bells; and on these we heard them play several selections from Norma and other operas. The most interesting portion of the entertainment, however, will be the youngest son playing on the clock-bells, accompanied by his elder brother and father on the concertina, and by another brother on the flute. Mr Lynch expects to be able to make his first appearance in public in about a month, and in conclusion we need only state that those who once hear the entertainment will be glad to hear it repeated.

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (15 September 1868), 2

Some years ago when the Lancashire troupe of bellringers first visited Victoria, their exquisite playing on the bells created quite a furore in the colonial musical world, no praise was deemed too much for them, and thousands rushed to hear them. Little did we then think that in a short time we should have to chronicle the debut of a Victorian troupe of campagnolians, and all of them members of the same family. Such an event has occurred, and last evening the Lynch family consisting of the father and four sons, made their debut before a Geelong audience under the name of the Australian Bellringers. When it became known that this talented troupe would first appear in public in Geelong, there was much speculation as to whether they would be able to hold their own. They possessed many friends, who hearing heard them in private had every confidence in them, but many dreaded they would, on their first appearance in public be too nervous to excel in their delicate art. We feel hound to say they have realised the most sanguine expectations - father and song - the youngest of whom is only eight years, played with a skill and confidence that took everybody by surprise, and but for a certain "gaucherie" in coming on to and leaving the stage, a fault which all performers, on their first appearance in public are liable to, one would have imagined they were regular old stagers. Comparisons are odious, but we venture to predict, that in the Lynch family the Lancashire bell ringers will find dangerous rivals, more particularly so as the former play on three different kinds of bells, the Lancashire entertainment being confined solely to the hand-bells. The audience last evening was a good one, but not so numerous as it might have been. Had the hall been crowded, the hand-bells would, we imagine, have sounded much better; as it was they were sometimes too piercing. The audience, however, signified their approval by loud plaudits at the conclusion of each melody, and on several occasions the performers were enthusiastically encored. Master William Lynch, a child eight years of age, achieved a perfect triumph. He was singularly cool for a child so young, and played with an earnestness that showed he was wrapped up in the music. He did not during the whole of the programme make a single mistake. The troupe, when playing on the handbells, were singularly successful in the "White Cockade," and fairly brought down the house in their imitation of the bagpipes, the music in this imitation being more agreeable than that discoursed by the original instruments, save and except to the ears of a thorough Highlander. On the stand bells, Mr H. Lynch, sen., and H. Lynch, were indeed worth hearing in "The Campbells are coming," and "Garry Owen;" H. Lynch and his brother, R. Lynch, also, meeting with applause when, on the same bells, they played selections from Norma, La Sonnambula; and the "Kraviock Quadrilles." One of the greatest novelties of the entertainment was the clock bells and concertina, Master William Lynch playing with great accuracy on the clock bells. Our space does not admit of a lengthened criticism, suffice it to say the entertainment of itself is well worth hearing, and further deserves the patronage of all admirers of local talent.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (24 September 1868), 2

"THE AUSTRALIAN BELLRINGERS", Bendigo Advertiser (3 November 1868), 2

"THE LYNCH FAMILY", Geelong Advertiser (28 September 1875), 3

"CAMPANOLOGY", Geelong Advertiser (29 September 1875), 3

"AMUSEMENTS", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (9 May 1885), 8:;

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES [No. 1]", Melbourne Punch (6 September 1888), 11

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 2", Melbourne Punch (13 September 1888), 14

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 3", Melbourne Punch (20 September 1888), 13

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 4", Melbourne Punch (27 September 1888), 14

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 5", Melbourne Punch (4 October 1888), 15

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 6", Melbourne Punch (11 October 1888), 15

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES . . . No. 7", Melbourne Punch (18 October 1888), 15

[See also]];

"DEATH OF MR. HENRY LYNCH", Geelong Advertiser (23 May 1906), 2

Mr. Henry Lynch, the founder of the well-known company of public entertainers, the Lynch Family Bellringers, died in Melbourne on Monday, at the ripe age of 84 years. Mr. Lynch was born in London, on the 6th April, 1822, and emigrated to Victoria with his wife and the eldest of his sons in the early fifties. He settled eventually in Geelong, and there other sons were born to him. These Mr. Lynch trained to music, and the use of the hand bells, and on the 25th August, 1867, the Lynch Family Bellringers made their first appearance in public at Geelong. The company then consisted of Mr. Henry Lynch (who died yesterday), and his sons, Mr. Harry Lynch, Mr. Robert Lynch, Mr. George Lynch, and Mr. Willie Lynch. Since then the Lynch Family Bellringers have travelled many times through all parts of Australia, and also through India, Japan, Ghiua, Burmah and other Asiatic countries, and in America. Everywhere they met with marked success. Mr. Harry Lynch retired in 1883 with a competency, but Messrs. Harry, Robert and Willie Lynch have continued to successfully conduct the combination, and were performing in the North-Eastern district when summoned to Melbourne to be present at the bedside of their father. The remains will be interred in Geelong, and the funeral cortege will leave the railway station to-day on arrival of the mid day train from Melbourne.

"DEATH OF MR. GEORGE LYNCH", Barrier Miner (7 July 1909), 4

"DEATH OF MR. ROBERT LYNCH", Chronicle (17 April 1926), 20

"LYNCH FAMILY OF BELLRINGERS. Death of Surviving Member", Border Watch (9 June 1945), 8

Others sources:

Diaries of the Lynch family, 1882-08-16 to 1884-12-22, NLA

Posters, sheet music and handbells of Lynch Family Bellringers, University of Adelaide library

Bibliography and resources:

Gwyn Gillard, 2002 

Doggett and Gillard 2011 

LYON, William Charles

Professor of Singing, Pianoforte, and Harmony

Active Melbourne, by December 1852
Died Melbourne, 18 July 1853, aged 27


Billed as director of "THE CITY OF LONDON GLEE AND MADRIGAL UNION", at their inaugural Melbourne concert in December 1852, Lyon was a "Professor of the Royal Academy of Music, and late Vicar Choral of St Paul's Cathedral and Westminster Abbey' . Brother of Edgar Ray, he died in July 1853.


[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 December 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 January 1853), 5

"DIED", The Argus (22 July 1853), 4

LYONS, Annie (Mrs. H. P. LYONS)

Vocalist, dancer, actor

Died South Melbourne, VIC, 27 June 1909, aged 69

LYONS, Henry Percival (Harry LYONS; H. P. LYONS) 

Theatrical and musical agent

Active by 1861
Died Melbourne, VIC, 28 June 1913, aged 71


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (21 December 1861), 2

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (25 May 1888), 2

"PERSONAL", The Argus (28 June 1909), 7

"DEATH OF A VETERAN ACTRESS", Barrier Miner (2 July 1909), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (30 June 1913), 1

"MR. HARRY LYONS DEAD", Barrier Miner (3 July 1913), 8

"In Stageland", Evening News (19 July 1913), 6

LYONS, John Christian

Harp player, chemist, journalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852; Beechworth district, VIC, 1857
Died Waterloo, NSW, 13 September 1874, aged 51


"CHEMISTRY", Bathurst Free Press (17 March 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 July 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1853), 2

"WOOLSHED", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (21 October 1857), 2

The opening ball of the Hibernia Hotel came off last evening (Monday) in regular Hibernian style ... The orchestral arrangements were conducted by Mr. Griffith, cornet by Mr. Barlow, and the harp by Mr Lyons. Never did the fantastic toe so lightly fly through the graceful motions of the dance - nor ever was more justice done to the true character of "granuale."

"To the Editor", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (15 March 1858), 2

"DEATHS", Empire (15 September 1874), 1


Australian family journal (edited by John Christian Lyons) (Sydney: Nos 1-4, 3-24 July 1852)

LYSTER, Frederick

Baritone vocalist, composer, conductor

Born 1832
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Departed Australia, after 1877 (for the United States)
Died ? USA, ? (NLA persistent identifier)

See also his first wife Rosalie DURAND and second wife Minnie WALTON, both singers.



According to his 1882 article, Lyster had spent three years in the navy before embarking on his musical career.


[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

[News], The Argus (31 December 1877), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 January 1878), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 March 1877), 8

"ROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS", The Argus (29 March 1877), 5

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS", The Argus (23 June 1877), 12

Other references: "PHILADELPHIA. Drese's National Theatre", Dwight's Music Journal (11 July 1857), 119

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California (25 May 1859), 2

Fred Lyster, "How an opera company worked its passage", The New York Mirror: a reflex of the dramatic events of the week (23 December 1882), 1

"The Original of Trilby. AN AUSTRALIAN STORY", Poverty Bay Herald (28 October 1896), 4

Musical works:

Where the native roses blow ("song & dance  written & composed by Fred Lyster") ( Australian Musical Magazine no. 11 [Melbourne and Sydney: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1877])

Where the native roses blow ("song & dance  written & composed by Fred Lyster And sung by Miss Nellie McHenry, Salsbury's Troubadours") (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1877])

I wandered by the brookside ("ballad, words by Lord Houghton; Fred Lyster") (Australian Musical Magazine no. 11 [Melbourne and Sydney: Nicholson & Ascherberg, 1877])

Round the world in 80 days: potpourri ("arranged by Fred. Lyster & Tho's. Zeplin; on airs wirtten for this ... drama by Giorza, Zeplin, Fred. Lyster, Mrs. W. S. Lyster, etc.") (Melbourne: Pub. by permission of the Opera House Co. by Allan & Co. (Wilkies), [1877])

See also:

Evolution (Philadelphia, 1885)

LYSTER, William Saurin

Opera director, entrepreneur

Born Dublin, 21 March 1828
Arrived Melbourne, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Died Melbourne, 27 November 1880 (NLA persistent identifier)


See also his wife Georgia HODSON


[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

"DEATH OF MR. W. S. LYSTER", The Argus (29 November 1880), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Sally O'Neill and Thérèse Radic, Lyster, William Saurin (1828-1880), Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

LYTTLETON, William Thomas

Amateur musician

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1830s (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (7 January 1836), 2 

On TUESDAY, February 2nd, 1836, AT 11 O'CLOCK PRECISELY, At the residence of W. Lyttleton, Esq., Launceston. the following Household Furniture: ~ FOR THE DRAWING ROOM ... a pianoforte, a fine-toned violoncello, a violin - by FEUDT, a quantity of instrumental music - consisting of quartettos by Mozart, Beethoven, &c; a music stand, and bagatelle board ...

Bibliography and resources: 

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2017