THIS PAGE LAST MODIFIED : Sunday 15 October 2017 11:09

A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–M

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–M", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 20 October 2017

- M -

McADOO, Orpheus (Myron)

Bass vocalist

Born Greensborough, North Carolina, USA, 1858
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, May 1886 (per R.M.S. Orient)
Died Sydney, NSW, July 1900

Orpheus McAdoo, Melbourne, 1890s


"ARRIVAL OF THE ENGLISH MAIL", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1886), 7

"THE FISK JUBILEE SINGERS", Bendigo Advertiser (20 August 1886), 3

"THE JUBILEE SINGERS", Evening News (13 June 1892), 3

"DEATH OF MR. OPRHEUS McADOO", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1900), 6-7

The death is announced of Mr. Orpheus McAdoo, a member of the original Fisk Jubilee Singers, and leader of the company known as the Georgia Minstrels, at present touring the colonies. The deceased gentleman, it will be remembered, was the principal bass voice in Mr. Loudon's party of Fisk Jubilee Singers who visited these colonies some years ago. When that company separated Mr. McAdoo returned to America and brought out to Australia a party of his own, 35 in number. His company has been most successful. They gave 51 concerts in the Centenary Hall, York-street, besides several in the Y.M.C.A. Hall, and in various country towns in New South Wales. They afterwards visited the several colonies and are at present in Queensland. Mrs. McAdoo was the lady tenor singer of the party. Some 18 months ago Mr. McAdoo contracted a serious illness which necessitated his undergoing an operation. He subsequently visited America and returned to the colonies in apparently improved health. However, seven weeks ago he was again taken ill in Sydney and became an inmate of Nurse Bradley's private hospital at Moore Park. From the first his symptoms were serious, and despite the efforts of his medical advisers he gradually sank. He became unconscious on Monday morning and died yesterday morning. He leaves besides his widow a son 7 years of age, who was born in Sydney. The funeral will take place on Thursday afternoon at Waverley Cemetery.

Bibliography and resources:

Josephine Wright, "Orpheus Myron McAdoo: singer, impresario", The Black Perspective in Music 4/3 (Autumn 1976), 320-327

Lynn Abbott and Doug Seroff, Out of sight: the rise of African American popular music, 1889-1895 (University Press of Mississippi, 2003)

"Orpheus McAdoo", Wikipedia

Yale, USA, University Library, Guide to the Orpheus M. McAdoo and Mattie Allen McAdoo Papers JWJ MSS 60



Musician, convict

Active Sydney, NSW, 1838


"POLICE", The Sydney Monitor (13 April 1838), 3

John Andrew, a musician belonging to the orchestra at the theatre, was charged with wilful destruction of property, in the receiving watch-house. Serjeant Price deposed, that the prisoner had been confined for drunkenness. During the night, he made a great uproar, and was removed to a cell. On being taken to the cell, he kicked the door so violently, as to break away part of the iron fastenings. He afterwards called for water, which was taken him in a quart pot. The next morning,the pot was found completely beaten in. Fined 10s., or one month's imprisonment.

MACARTHUR, Elizabeth

Amateur pianist

Born Devon, England, 14 August 1766
Arrived Sydney, 28 June 1790 (per Scarborough)
Died NSW, 9 February 1850 (NLA persistent identifier)


Wife of lieutenant John Macarthur of the New South Wales Corps, Elizabeth Macarthur was the first person to learn to play the piano in Australia. Her instrument was the first, and then only, piano in the colony. George Worgan, surgeon of the Sirius, who had brought it with him on that ship, left it with Mrs Macarthur when he returned to England in 1791. Since McGuanne in 1901, Mrs. Macarthur has repeatedly shared notice with Worgan in historical summaries of the history of Australian music (for references see Worgan's entry). Some further details appeared in an article in the Herald in 1911:

... There was no teacher of music of any kind in Australia, so she set to work to learn from an old Italian Instruction book which was full of small rondos, overtures, and little tunes ... She sang to her own accompaniment, and had little musical evenings (the first in the colony) ...

But some or all of this is quite possibly spurious, and overlooks her own testimony that Worgan was her teacher. For further updated details, see entry on George William WORGAN.

Letter to Miss Kingdom, from Elizabeth Macarthur, Sydney, 7 March 1791:

I shall now introduce another acquaintance, Mr. Worgan, to you, a gentleman I have not hitherto named. He was surgeon to the Syrius, and happened to be left at this place when that ship met with her fate at Norfolk. It is not improbable this Gentleman may himself deliver this letter to you. He is well known to Doctor [illegible]. I assure you in losing him a very considerable branch of our society will be lopped off. I shall now tell you of another resource I had to fill up some of my vacant hours. Our new house is ornamented with a pianoforte of Mr. Worgan's; he kindly means to leave it with me, and now, under his direction, I have begun a new study, but I fear without my master I shall not make any great proficiency. I am told, however, that I have done wonders in being able to play off God Save the King and Foot's Minuet, besides that of reading the notes with great facility. In spite of musick I have not altogether lost sight of my botanical studies ....


J. P. McGuanne, "The humours and pastimes of early Sydney", The Australian Historical Society Journal and Proceedings1 (1901), 40-42 

"EARLIEST WOMAN AGRICULTURIST", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1911), 5

Sibella Macarthur Onslow (ed.), Some early records of the Macarthurs of Camden (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1914)

Transcript of letter quoted above:

Bibliography and resources:

Jill Conway, Macarthur, Elizabeth (1766-1850), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

McBURNEY, Mona Margaret

Pianist, teacher, composer

Born Douglas, Isle of Man, 29 July 1862
Arrived Melbourne, 1881
Died Melbourne, 4 December 1932 (NLA persistent identifier)


Sister of Samuel McBurney (below), she migrated to Victoria probably early in 1881, and with her family lived at Geelong, where she attended the Ladies College. She matriculated to the University of Melbourne in 1881 and in 1892, after the appointment of the first Ormond professor of music G. W. L. Marshall-Hall, enrolled as a music student.


"OBITUARY. Miss Mona McBurney", The Argus (6 December 1932), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Faye E. Patton, McBurney, Mona Margaret (1862-1932), Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)

McBURNEY, Samuel

Musician, composer, music teacher

Born Glasgow, Scotland, 30 April 1847
Arrived Victoria (1), 1870 (until 1876)
Arrived Victoria (2), 1877 (until 1888-89)
Arrived Victoria (3), 1891
Died Melbourne, 9 December 1909 (NLA persistent identifier)



"PERSONAL", The Mercury (14 December 1909), 5

The friends of Dr. Samuel McBurney, the well-known musician, will regret (says an exchange) to hear of his death, which occurred in Melbourne on Friday. Dr. McBurney, who was about 60 years of age, took his musical degree at the Dublin University. He was prominently known in Victoria in former years as one of the foremost advocates of the sol-fa system of teaching singing. He was favourably known as a composer of music, and held a prominent position as a teacher of harmony. He was also in considerable request as a judge at musical competitions, and his services in this respect were frequent throughout the State. Apart from music, Dr. McBurney was a man of considerable attainments. He was secretary of the Esperanto Society, and was also very prominent in the interests of the blind and in promoting the Braille system of reading.

Musical works:

The Christmas greeting ("a cantata composed by S. McBurney") ([Melbourne]: Clarkson, Massina, printers, [18?]

Victoria ("a school canata composed and dedicated to the singing masters of the Victorian state schools") (Melbourne: Published for the composer by Clarson, Massina & Co., [1875])

A sea song (no. 5 of Songs for supper by S. McBurney) (Melbourne: A. & W. Bruce, Tonic Solfa Depot, [c.1886]);

Youthful Toilers ("an opening ode; words by J.W. Meaden; music by S. McBurney) (Melbourne: Victorian Sunday School Union, 1896)


Australian progressive songster ... no. 1, for junior classes (Sydney: Angus & Robertson, [?187-])

The Australian graded songster ... no. 2 for senior classes (Sydney: Angus & Robertson, [?187-])

Bibliography and resources:

Robin S. Stevens, McBurney, Samuel (1847-1909), Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

Gallery of notable Australian musical educators


Uncle of Annie McBurney: "Musical", Robertson Advocate (16 July 1920), 2

McCARTHY, Georgina

Contralto (mezzo) vocalist, singing teacher


Soprano vocalist, singing teacher

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1859


The "Misses M'Carthy, pupils of Garcia" made their first appearance in the colony at Eugène Lissignol's concert in March 1859, gave their own "grand concert" under vice-regal patronage in April 1859, and appeared for the Melbourne Philharmonic Society in May. In July Madame Akerman at her Collegiate Institution of Young Ladies in St. Kilda advertised that "The music and singing are taught by the Misses M'Carthy (pupils of Garcia)".


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 March 1859), 8


The concert was eminently successful; and the Misses Macarthy, who constituted its special feature, may take rank among the most established colonial favorites. Their voices are very pure in quality, and possess remarkable flexibility; their style of singing proves them to have studied in a good school-it is exact, finished, and frequently brilliant; and they preserve the sentiment of the composition by the most tasteful management of their intonation. Miss Macarthy's voice is a soprano of considerable compass, and of more than average power in its upper range; that of her sister, Miss G. Macarthy, is a very delicate contralto, whose lower notes have an extremely firm and pronounced character.

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 April 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 July 1859), 8


"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 September 1860), 3

"MUSICAL NOTES", Empire (27 September 1860), 4

The Philharmonic Society gave their second concert for the season on Tuesday evening, September 17. The Hall was overcrowded ... The concert is further to be noticed for the debut of the two Misses Macarthy, from London (we believe), via Melbourne; very pleasing duet singers, the oldest, we presume, a high mezzo soprano, rather harsh, but with a very lovely shake; the second - decidedly the best voice - verging to the contralto. But a decision can scarcely be pronounced respecting their powers from their first attempt here, as we believe that one at least was suffering from indisposition. The climate of Sydney is fatal to the voice. The young ladies sang portions of the duets, "Giorno d'orre" (Semiramide), and "Mira o Norma."


Professor of music, pianoforte maker, tuner, repairer

Active Australia, 1864-68


[Advertisement], Queanbeyan Age (14 July 1864), 3

"ILLEGAL DETENTION", Bendigo Advertiser (19 February 1868), 3

McCORMACK, Jeremiah

Choir singer, vocalist

Active Sydney, by 1860s
Died Woolloomooloo, 10 August 1900


"Death of an Old St. Mary's Choir Singer", Freeman's Journal (11 August 1900), 12

A gentleman who had sung in old St Mary's, who was one of the choir in the Pro cathedral, and who had assisted on many occasions in new St. Mary's, passed away at the close of last week. We refer to the death of Mr. Jeremiah M'Cormack at 9 Crown street, Woolloomooloo, on Friday. The accomplished gentleman had been in bad health for some weeks. The deceased was connected with the Public Education Department for very many years. He gained distinction as a teacher in the Fort-street Model School, and was afterwards promoted to the position of Inspector in the Northern district. In his illness he was attended by the Rev. Father Barry, of the cathedral. His remains were interred in the Catholic cemetery at Petersham on Saturday. His old friend, Mr J. A. Delany, choirmaster and organist of the cathedral, paid the deceased several visits during his last days.

McCORMICK, Peter Dodds ("Amicus")

Songwriter, composer, singing class instructor, choral conductor, precentor, teacher

Born Port Glasgow, Scotland, 1834
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 February 1855
Died Waverley, NSW, 30 October 1916


"FIVE DOCK", Empire (16 March 1865), 4 

Yesterday evening a well attended vocal and instrumental concert was given in the Five Dock National School by the members of the Five Dock Singing Class, assisted by lady and gentlemen amateurs. Mr. P. M'Cormick, of the Dobroyde school, under whose short but able tuition the Five Dock Singing Class has been formed and instructed, officiated as conductor, ably assisted by Mrs. Caldwell as accompanyist; this lady also played with great taste some operatic airs on the pianoforte, which were highly appreciated by the audience. We hear that it is contemplated shortly to givo another concert in aid of the Five Dock School-house and Church.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1878), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1878), 3

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1878), 5

SATURDAY last being St. Andrew's Day, the annual concert, principally of Scottish music, was held in the evening at the Protestant Hall, and proved a great success. The hall was filled in every part, and the various vocalists, mostly amateurs, acquitted themselves in an admirable manner, and received several encores. Perhaps the most remarkable items of the programme were the glee "The Red Cross Knight", which was directed by Mr. P. D. M'Cormick, and sung by the company with great taste. The other piece which demands notice was the new patriotic song entitled "Advance Australia fair", which was sung with spirit by Mr. Andrew Fairfax. The music of this song is bold and stirring, and the words are decidedly patriotic. Judging from its reception on Saturday evening it is likely to become a popular favourite.

"AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1878), 5

On Tuesday evening last a vocal and instrumental concert which proved of a highly successful character, was given St. Thomas's school, Balmain, by the members of the  church choir, assisted by a few friends. The conductor was Mr. J. C. Waterman, and the accompanist Mr. Walter May. The large room was filled to overflowing, and a great deal of enthusiasm was manifested. The solos, duets, and quartettes were well rendered, the feature as regards the first named being the new song "Advance Australia Fair", sung by Amicus.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1878), 5

"ADVANCE, AUSTRALIA FAIR", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (13 September 1879), 3

"CONCERT TO MR. P. D. McCORMICK", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1907), 16

"DEATH OF MR. P. D. McCORMICK", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1916), 8

The death occurred suddenly at his residence, Clydebank, Birrell-street, Waverley, yesterday of Mr. Peter Dodds McCormick, a prominent member of the Presbyterian Church and composer of "Advance, Australia Fair". The late Mr. McCormick was official precentor of the General Presbyterian Assembly of New South Wales and of the Commonwealth assembly. His last official appearance was at the opening at the Presbyterian Military Institution at Liverpool camp by the Governor-General a few days ago. Deceased was for many years one of the Presbyterian instructors in the Public schools in connection with religious training, work in which he was particularly successful. He had been an elder of St. Andrew's Church since 1880. Mr. McCormick was born at Port Glasgow 83 years ago. After serving as a joiner for some years he decided to strike out for a new country, and landed in Sydney in 1855, resuming his trade as a Joiner. A little later he gave up his trade, and enrolled as a school teacher in the Education Department. After 20 years spent in some of the principal schools Mr. McCormick decided to retire from the service. He then devoted himself to church work and the cultivation of music, especially Scottish music, among the younger folk. His principal life work was outside the school-house. Fifty years ago the United Presbyterian Church met in the Supreme Court House, and soon after his arrival Mr. McCormick joined the congregation as precentor, acting in that capacity till a church was erected on the site of the present St. Stephen's. He worked hard to get a choir together, and when he succeeded the elder members of the congregation protested vigorously against the innovation. Mr. McCormick persevered, and was ultimately rewarded by seeing choirs established in the majority of the churches. Outside the church choir work he had the honour of conducting some of the largest choirs which have sung in the Commonwealth. At the Raikes Sunday school centenary demonstration in 1880, he conducted a choir of 10,000 children and 1000 teachers, in addition to an audience of 2000, making a total of 20,000 voices. At the laying of the foundation-stone of the Queen's Statue he conducted a choir of 10,000 child voices. As a composer Mr. McCormick established a reputation with the patriotic song "Advance, Australia Fair", which was first sung by Mr. Andrew Fairfax in 1878, and has come to be recognised as something in the nature of an Australian National Anthem. Another of his compositions which met with favour was "The Bonnie Banks of Clyde". In the early history of Scottish societies he took a prominent part. He joined St. Andrews Society shortly after its establishment in 1870. When the society was disbanded he, with others, established a Caledonian Society, and he continued prominently associated with that body till it was merged into the present Highland Society, of which he was a foundation member. He was also prominently associated with the Burns Club Section of the society, and also with the Burns' Anniversary Choir, which he conducted. Mr. McCormick in 1896 was one of the principal workers in originating the mission work which was begun in a private house at Dover Heights, an outlying part of the Waverley parish. A mission church was opened in 1903, the site being given by Sir Daniel Cooper. The deceased gentleman leaves a widow. The funeral will leave his late residence at 12.30 to-day for Rookwood.

"ADVANCE AUSTRALIA FAIR", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1933), 4

"ADVANCE AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 September 1935), 4


Advance, Australia Fair (Sydney: Reading and Co., 1878)

Advance, Australia Fair (2nd edition) (Sydney: Reading and Co., 1879)

Bibliography and resources:

Jim Fletcher, McCormick, Peter Dodds (1834-1916), Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)

McCOY, Mr.

Clarionet-player (Royal Lyceum)

Active Sydney, 1861; Melbourne, by 1873


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1861), 1

McCOY, Mr. T.

Bassoon player (Prince of Wales Theatre)

Arrived Sydney, by March 1864 ("lately arrived from England")


"PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", Empire (3 March 1864), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1866), 8

"THE OPERA", Empire (17 April 1866), 5


"THE OPERA. LUCIA DI LAMMERMOOR", The Argus (3 November 1873), 5

"THE MUSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA", The Argus (2 December 1878), 7

McCRAE, Georgiana

Amateur musician, pianist, music copyist, artist, diarist

Born London, England, 15 March 1804
Arrived Victoria, 1840-41
Died Melbourne, VIC, 24 May 1890 (NLA persistent identifier)

Summary (after Richards):

Of McCrae's five extant manuscript music books, one was begun in Britain and was still being copied into as late as 1842, in Melbourne, SL-VIC (La Trobe Library), MS 12018 Box 2519/4; another MS, "Chaplin Music Book", University of Sydney, Fisher Library Rare Books 1164.9, is dated from 1840 (before emigration) and bound in Melbourne in 1856; the last item, a copy of "The lass of Richmond Hill" is inscribed GMC Richmond 12th May 1855". That described by Rosemary Richards (McCrae Homestead Music Book), was copied in Britain 1822-24; 2 other MSS music books in SL-VIC (La Trobe Library) were copied in Britain, "Music Notebook", MS 12831, Box 3740 9(a), and "Gordon Castle Music Book", MS 12018 Box 2516/3.

Bibliography and resources:

Norman Cowper, McCrae, Georgiana Huntly (1804-1890), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Rosemary Jean Richards, Georgiana Gordon McCrae's songbook of 1822-1824 (M.A. (Music) thesis, Monash University, 1997)

Rosemary Richards, 'Frae the friends and land I love': the 'McCrae Homestead music book' (Melbourne: Author, 2005)

McCROHAN, Jeremiah

Professor of music, music retailer

Active Sydney, NSW, by early 1840
Died Parramatta, NDW, 18 September 1869, aged 76


Early in 1840, McCrohan was part of a 3-way partnership with James Aquinas Reid and George Smith that was to take over Andrew Ellard's recently relinquished Sydney music business. The arrangement quickly went awry, however, and, as is well documented, Alexander Maconochie brought up much of Ellard's stock for use by his prisoners at Norfolk Island, whence Reid also went as a medical officer. Meanwhile, at Parramatta in December 1840, McCrohan offered lessons in "pianoforte, flute, violin, clarionet, Kent bugle", a combination that suggests he may have been a retired military bandmaster or bandsman.


Marriage, 11 February 1834, Tralee Parish (RC), Kerry, Ireland

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (10 December 1840), 3

[Court report], Empire (27 March 1851), 3

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1851), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 September 1854), 8

"DEATHS", Empire (23 September 1869), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1871), 7

McCULLAGH, Mr. (? Robert)

Cornet-a-piston player, cornopean player, actor-vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1850
? Died Adelaide, SA, 1 March 1869, aged 55

McCULLAGH, Robert (junior)


Active Adelaide, 1885


As instrumentalist, comic vocalist, and actor McCullagh was associated with Adelaide theatre, choral society, bands, and concerts in the 1850s, and, like several other key Adelaide musicians (William Chapman and William Cobbin) was employed as a post-office letter carrier. A "Robert McCullagh, late of Adelaide, musician", perhaps his son, was listed as insolvent in September 1885".

Documentation:[Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (5 August 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 September 1850), 4

[News], South Australian Register (26 September 1850), 3

"LICENSED VICTUALLERS' SOCIETY", South Australian (11 March 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (8 April 1851), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (5 August 1852), 1

"THE LETTER-CARRIERS", South Australian Register (18 May 1853), 3

 [Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 March 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (4 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 April 1855), 1

"DIED", South Australian Register (5 October 1858), 2

"ODDFELLOWSHIP", South Australian Register (10 November 1858), 2

"DEATH", South Australian Register (2 March 1869), 2

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (24 March 1879), 6s

"INSOLVENCIES", South Australian Register (4 September 1885), 4


Itinerant fiddler

Died Wangaratta, VIC, 1875


"TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCHES", The Argus (3 August 1875), 5

An inquest has been held in Wangaratta on the body of a man named Henry M Dermott who was found in the Three mile Creek. The man was an itinerant fiddler and had been missing since 28th June when he played at Mrs Hawsons restaurant and when he left there he was drunk. A verdict of accidentally drowned was returned.

McDONALD, Alexander

Cornopean player, cornet player

Active Tasmania, 1841-44; Adelaide, SA, 1847


Macdonald "from the Queen's Theatre, Melbourne" made his debut at Coppin's Adelaide theatre in December 1846. In Launceston in 1844:

ALEXANDER MACDONAND (commonly known as 'Mac, the Bugler' proposes to give a Grand Concert, having but just recovered from a severe illness and of which due notice will be given in future advertisement.

In May 1847, it was reported:

Alex. Macdonald, the cornopean player at the Queen's Theatre, was charged by the police with wandering about Hindley-street, not giving a satisfactory account of himself, and appearing to be out of his mind.


[Launceston news], Colonial Times (11 May 1841), 4

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (4 May 1844), 3

"NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE", South Australian (1 December 1846), 4

"THE THEATRE", South Australian (4 December 1846), 6

"NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE", South Australian (15 December 1846), 5

"POLICE COMMISSIONER'S COURT", South Australian Register (5 May 1847), 3


McDONALD, Daniel

"Practical Violin maker" and repairer (from Edinburgh to Newtown)

Active Sydney, NSW, August 1854


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1854), 2

MacDONALD, George James

Amateur musician, poet

Born London, England, 12 May 1805
Arrived Sydney, NSW, December 1826
Died Swan Hill, VIC, 21 December 1851


He was educated at Blundell's School, Tiverton, Devon, where he gained an education in the classics, literature and music. In NSW by the late 1830s he developed a reputation for his literary and musical accomplishments, as recorded in his own On a movement of Beethoven's (1838) and in the memorial poem by Henry Halloran.


"ANNOT LYLE'S SONG", The Australian (15 August 1837), 4

"ON A MOVEMENT OF BEETHOVEN'S", The Colonist (30 July 1838), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1852), 3

"THE HARP OF THE EMPIRE", Empire (26 January 1852), 3

"BURY THE BARD", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1852), 6

Bibliography and resources:


Contralto vocalist (late Miss Rose Joseph of the Liverpool concerts)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by October 1856


"WALES", The Musical World (26 September 1844), 320

WALES. Miss Christiana Weller gave a concert at Beaumaris, on Tuesday, and another at Carnarvon, on Wednesday evening, assisted by Braham, and Miss Rose Joseph. With so much attraction, it is needless to talk of full houses, or of the manner in which the performers acquitted themselves. North Wales Chronicle.

"CONCERT ON FRIDAY EVENING", The Age (15 October 1856), 5

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Age (18 October 1856), 6

The principal vocalists consisted of Mrs Testar, Mrs M'Dougal, Mr Ewart, and Mr Kaye. The former lady took the whole of the soprano parts in 'Acis,' and besides sang Mozart's 'Dove sono' and assisted in duetti and choruses. It is needless to say that her vocalisation was of the same pleasing character which has rendered her so deserving a favorite with Melbourne audiences. There was another lady, however, who shared with Mrs Testar the applause of the evening. We refer to Mrs M'Dougal, who made her debut on the occasion, and if we mistake not, created a very favorable impression. This lady, formerly Miss Rose Joseph, of the Liverpool concerts, enjoyed a deserved repute in England, and her performance this evening bids fairs to extend it. Her voice is a rich though not powerful contralto, which she knows how to manage to the best effect. In conjunction with Mrs Testar she took part in Mendelssohn's beautiful duett, 'O wert thou in the cauld blast.' She also sang Keller's 'Exile.' In both of these she was enthusiastically encored.

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Age (29 December 1856), 5

Mrs M'Dougal's rich contralto was in some parts scarcely loud enough to be heard over the band accompaniment; but the excellent quality of her voice was abundantly manifest in the pathetic air, "He was despised," and in the concerted music [O death where is thy sting] of the third part.

"CONCERT AT MOONEE", The Age (30 October 1857), 4

Mrs. M'Dougall, late Miss Rose Josephs, of the Liverpool Concerts, and who has taken contralto soli at the performances of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, proposes to give a concert of vocal music at Mr Hinkins's schoolroom, near the Moonee Ponds Hotel, on Friday, the 6th proximo, when she will have the assistance of Mrs. Goodliffe, and Messrs Kaye, Compton, and H. J. King. The programme is well arranged, and promises to be a great treat to the residents of this locality, who we feel assured will not be behindhand in assisting this able and deserving artiste.

Thanks: To Kurt Ganzl for bringing Rose McDougal to my attention (January 2015).


Professor of music, pianist, organist, composer

Born Hobart, VDL (TAS), 25 June 1840
Departed Sydney, NSW, after mid 1863 (for California)
Died San Francisco, USA, [?] January 1890, aged 49 years and 7 months


Grandson of former convict captain John Macdougall, RN, and son of Mary Ann and John Campbell Macdougall (1805-1848), proprietors of Hobart's Colonial Times (and named after his surgeon uncle), "young Macdougall" first appeared in the news in April 1853 when he was reported as having fallen under the influence of the showman electro-biologist (mesmerist) named Bullock.

His first published composition appeared in Henry Stoney's The Delacourt bouquet in November 1854 when he was just 14. After his widowed mother married K. E. Brodribb in February 1855 he joined her in Melbourne. He then served as a non-commissioned officer in the Bengal Army, but by April 1860 was back in Melbourne and honorary secretary of the volunteer Victorian Mounted Rifles. As the result of a fracas enroute to Hobart in mid-1860, he was bound over to keep the peace for six months, with £200 sureties, one of several instances that suggest he was a somewhat headstrong character.

Shortly afterward he relocated to Sydney, where he published five new works between October and December 1861, as well a introducing a new song Watch and wait at a fundraising concert for the volunteer forces in November, which was sung by Flora HARRIS. Later he composed at least two settings of "Australian melodies" by Harris's husband, Joseph Sheridan Moore, including the last work he published in Sydney, Australia  The beauty that blooms in Australia (song; words: J. Sheridan Moore) ("No 1 of Australian National Melodies") in June 1863.

As Sheridan Moore explained when he published his "Australian Melodies" in 1864:

When I first wrote [these lyrics], it was my intention-and I had hopes at the time of being able-to issue a series of Australian Songs, with appropriate music by some of our best composers. Messieurs KENDALL, HALLORAN and MICHAEL kindly consented to cooperate with me in supplying suitable words.

When Cesare Cutolo was compelled to withdraw his offer of a prize of 10 guineas for "extempore performance", to raise funds for the Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children, in January 1862, Macdougall stepped into the breach offering a personal challenge:

To Signor CUTOLO. Believing, from the publication of your testimonial in today's paper, that you would depreciate the ability of those musical professors in Sydney who have not thought proper to allow you to examine their testimonials, I hereby CHALLENGE you to a COMPOSITION, vocal or instrumental, concerted or otherwise, on any instrument and in any key, the theme to be given by the audience at your concert, and the composition to be submitted to the criticism and judgment of Messrs. D. Callen and C. Packer, or any other two professional gentlemen whom you may nominate, subject, of course, to my approval. W. J. MACDOUGALL. Sydney, 28th January.

When in January 1863 the Sydney School of Arts presented a "Great Moving Diorama of the Holy Land and Jerusalem", with "Introductory and illustrative discourse (varied each evening) by Mr. Sheridan Moore", during the "several representations, portions of Mr. W.  J. Macdougall's (new and unpublished) Oratorio of "John the Baptist" will be given by Mr. Macdougall on the organ."

Last heard of in Sydney in mid 1863, by August 1865 he was in San Francisco, where the Daily Alta California reported:

We have received copies of the "Happy Release" Waltzes, beautifully illustrated, and the "Inspiriting" Polka. These are both charming and brilliant pianoforte pieces, and are the compositions of Mr. W. Macdougall, a gentleman who has but lately arrived amongst us, and who has gained much celebrity as the composer of the Oratorio of "St. John", the Opera "Yellow Mask", and other works. Mr. Macdougall is the gentleman who (modestly withholding his name,) performed with Signorina Sconcia, the beautiful duet on two pianos at the Academy of Music, and as we understand contemplates remaining here and devoting himself to musical instruction ...

His concert in December 1865 - at which he played several piano compositions of his own, and Anna Bishop sang "Home Sweet Home" - was warmly reviewed. Bishop also sang for him at Grace Church, where he was director of music, at Christmas 1874. In 1887 he was directing the music at St. Paul's Church.

At least one of his American compositions survives, Though lost to sight published by M. Gray in 1879. Unfortunately there is no trace of either the oratorio John the Baptist or the opera Yellow Mask (presumably based on Wilkie Collins's 1856 story).


"BIRTHS", Colonial Times (30 June 1840), 7

"MEDICAL COLONIAL PUPILS", Colonial Times (27 December 1842), 3

"ELECTRO-BIOLOGY", The Courier (13 April 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

"THE DELACOURT BOUQUET", The Courier (14 November 1854), 2

"PORT OF HOBART TOWN", Colonial Times (12 May 1855), 2

[2 advertisements], The Argus (7 April 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 June 1861), 1

"POLICE COURT", The Courier (5 July 1861), 2

"UNPLEASANT FRACAS", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1861), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 October 1861), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1861), 10

[Advertisement]: "GRAND VOLUNTEER CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1861), 1

"VOLUNTEER CONCERT AT THE FREEMASONS' HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 November 1861), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1861), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1862), 1

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1862), 1

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1862), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1862), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1862), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 March 1862), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1862), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1862), 8

"THE WAIL FROM ENGLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1862), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1863), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 June 1863), 1

"THE BEAUTY THAT BLOOMS IN AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 July 1863), 6

"NEW SONG", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1863), 4

"NEW MUSIC", Daily Alta California (23 August 1865)

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California (25 August 1865)

"MANAGERIAL FRACAS" & "PLATT'S HALL", Daily Alta California (6 December 1865)

"FOOT PRINTS ON THE SAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1873), 5

[Various], Sherman & Hyde's musical review (Volume v.1 , 1874)

"DIED", Daily Alta California (24 January 1890)

"HAPPENINGS ACROSS THE BAY", San Francisco Call (27 April 1890)

[News], Daily Alta California (1 May 1890)

Bibliography and resources:

J. Sheridan Moore, Spring-Life: Lyrics (Sydney: Reading & Wellbank, 1864), vii

Musical works:

The Isabelle waltzes (Hobart: Huxtable and Deakin, [1854] in The Delacourt bouquet)

The Lurline quadrille ([Sydney: J. H. Anderson, 1861]) [Wallace's opera was first performed in Melbourne on 1 April 1861, and in Sydney on 29 August 1861]

La gitana schottische (Souvenir de Maritana) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1861])

Watch and wait ("New Australian Volunteer Song ... composed expressly for the occasion") [November 1861]

The Lucy Escott polka (composed & dedicated to Madame Escott by Mercadante; and arranged for the pianoforte with variations by W. J. Macdougall) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1861])

The Lurline polka (dedicated to Madame Lucy Escott) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1861]; also included in Clarke's Australian musical album for 1863)

The Darling Point polka (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1862]; also in Australian musical album for 1863)

Star of love quadrilles ([Sydney: J. R. Clarke, 1862])

Fantasia on Ever of thee I'm fondly dreaming ("by W. J. Macdougall") ([Sydney: J. R. Clarke, 1862])

The Widow Twankay polka ("composed expressly for this occasion"; arr. by Frank Howson Jun.") ([Sydney: J. R. Clarke, 1862] ("with a portrait of Mr. O. H. Rogers as the Widow in Aladdin")

The wail from England (song; from "Australian Melodies"; words: J. Sheridan Moore) [Orpheonist Society Concert, 17 September 1862]

John the baptist (new and unpublished oratorio) [January 1863]

The beauty that blooms in Australia (song; words: J. Sheridan Moore) ("No 1 of Australian National Melodies") (Sydney: Wilkie & Elvy, 1863)

Yellow mask (opera) [first mentioned, Francisco, 1865]

Though lost to sight (By W. J. Macdougall) (San Francisco: M. Gray, 1879)

My thanks:

To Macdougall descendent Joy Olney for sharing information, and for her excellent family history webpage

McEWAN, James


McEWAN, John

Basso vocalist



Active Bendigo, 1858


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1858), 3

McEWING, Joseph (? McEWAN)

Precentor (St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Sydney), singing class instructor

Active Sydney, by 1838


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (5 October 1838), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (25 November 1841), 3

"INSOLVENCY BUSINESS", Australasian Chronicle (26 August 1843), 3

"NEW INSOLVENT", Sydney Chronicle (4 December 1847), 2


Vocalist, Scottish entertainer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


"SCOTTISH ENTERTAINMENT", Empire (14 December 1854), 4 

Mr. McFarlane gave the concluding concert of his weekly series last night, when a large audience assembled in the Theatre of the School of Arts. Scottish songs seem to find favour with the Sydney public, if we may judge from the success that has attended the cefforts of Mr. McFarlane, and his predecessor, Mr. Paxton. Mr. Paxton excelled in the pathetic, as does the former in the comic, and one of his soungs last night "Kate Dalrymple" was much applauded. One of the verses descriptive of her suitors, and of her new title, when she possesses "siller," was rendered in a humorous manner. A duet by Mrs. Shaw and Mr. Wilkinson was well received, though the lady's voice is nut sufficiently strong to fill the room. "Corn Rigs"" by Mr. Wilkinson, was rather lamely sung, but an Irish comic song, in which he accompanied himself, in answer to an encore, touched the risibility of the audience most sensibly, and was heartily approved. Mr. McFarlane gave a song in character preceded by a dissertation on matrimony, and in which his marked accent assisted to make it his best performance. He was encored, and then sang "Highland Jock" most vigorously. We notice that he sometimes strains his voice by undue exertion. The concort was successful, and seemed to give pleasure to all present.


Bass vocalist, journalist and publisher (Perth Gazette)

Born UK, 1800 Arrrived Perth, 1830
Died Perth, WA, 13 December 1846, aged 46


Macfaull, as well as possessing a serviceable bass voice, may well have written much of the musical commentary that appeared in the Gazette.


"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

Next followed the magnificent Benedictus from Mozart's requiem, very admirably sung by Mrs. and Miss Symmons, Mr. Schoales, and Mr. Macfaull. To nine-tenths of the audience, this must have been entirely new, as, from the nature and subject of its composition, this requiem has been very rarely performed in England - at least in public, by professionals. We have had the pleasure of hearing the entire requiem twice in our lives, and we only regret that all our readers are not likely to experience the same happiness.

"DIED", Inquirer (16 December 1846), 2

"DIED", The Perth Gazette (19 December 1846), 2


Professor of music

Active Hobart, 1846 (or perhaps entirely fictional!)


"MORNINGS AT THE POLICE OFFICE", The Courier (17 January 1846), 2

McGARVIE, William

General and musical retailer, circulating librarian

Born Glasgow, 1810
Arrived Sydney, 1828 (per Comet)
Died Sydney 1 April 1841, aged 31


As part of his general retail activities, McGarvie occasionally imported music. The full contents of one large shipment (well over 100 items) was listed by title in an advertisement in September 1834.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 December 1830), 2

A catalogue of books in the circulating library of William M'Garvie at the Australian Stationery Warehouse, George Street, Sydney (Sydney: Stephens and Stokes, 1833)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (1 September 1834), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Herald (2 April 1841), 2

"THE LATE W. M'GARVIE, ESQ.", The Sydney Herald (5 April 1841), 2

... For some years Mr. M'Garvie had the only stationery and bookselling warehouse in the Colony, and had again the merit of establishing an extensive circulating Library. He was also one of the three original proprietors, with Mr. Stephens and Stokes, of the Sydney Herald newspaper ... He went to England in 1832, and returned in 1833,--but in the voyage home, the vessel shipped a heavy sea, at midnight, filling the cabin with water; and being in a delicate state of health he contracted an illness, of which he was never entirely freed. He subsequently went to Port Macquarie, and settled, but had lately retired from active business ...

Bibliography and resources:

J. V. Byrnes, McGarvie, William (1810-1841), Australian Dictionary of Biography 2 (1967)

McGRATH, Joseph


Died Sydney, NSW, 1853


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1853), 4

THE Public are respectfully informed that a Ball and Refreshments will take place in the Saloon of the Saracen's Head Hotel, corner of King and Sussex streets, on Tuesday, 21st June, 1853, for the Benefit of the Widow and Children of the late Mr. Joseph M'Grath, Violinist for several years to the Shamrock and Australian Quadrille Clubs. Tickets, 10s. each, to be bad at the above named Hotel. By order of the Committee, W. JOHNSON, Secretary. N.B.-Fourteen Musicians have kindly offered their services for this occasion gratis.


Pianoforte pupil (of Henry Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

F. A. McGREGOR (Pianoforte), Fitzroy-st., Collingwood" [pupil of Henry James Witton]

McGUANNE, John Percy

Historian of Australian colonial music and society

Died Sydney, NSW, 5 July 1936



"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1879), 9

"ART IN AUSTRALIA", Western Mail (29 September 1921), 39

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1936), 16


J. P. McGuanne, "The humours and pastimes of early Sydney", The Australian Historical Society Journal and Proceedings 1 (1901), 40-42 

... What Old Sydney preferred was something cheerful after its hard day's work. Music, singing, and dancing were greatly enjoyed. Just a word about each. We always had a piano in Sydney. When Surgeon Worgan left the Colony in 1790 he left the first piano as a present to Mrs. Macarthur, but the instrument was silent for want of a player-the only Government House lady was not a musician. When the first organ was imported there was no player until Mr. Merritt, a blind man, arrived in 1831. Sydney was never without its Military Band - at times an exceptionally good one. This Band played twice a week within Barrack Square; when the Band stopped there was the sun-dial to excite curiosity in the young folk, while their elders bethought them of dials like The Seven. When Cummins first opened his Hotel, now known as Petty's, its proximity to the Band was considered by visitors one of its many uncommon advantages. At other times Citadel Hill, and Macquarie Place were sites for military music. Second-rate hotels provided long tables, forms, and chairs, for free entertainments at which a person would preside, holding a hammer to demand silence while the voluntary song was given. 1826 was a notable year for giving birth to intellectual enjoyment for Sydney. Bandmaster Kavanagh, of the 3rd Regiment, composed The Trumpet Sounds Australia's Fame and The Currency Lads-both became popular; the Australian March, slow time, dedicated to Governor Darling; a Grand Australian March, quick time, dedicated to Governor Brisbane; and Hail, Australia,' dedicated to Colonel Stewart. His compositions, in manuscript, were for sale at Sydney's first Music Shop, opened in 1824, at 93 George Street, by Robert Campbell, from Clement and Company, London. Here the pianoforte, harp, organ, violin and other musical instruments were obtainable. James Pearson was the pianoforte tuner at this time. In the year when Kavanagh made Australia musical, we find the youth Charles Thompson, of Clydesdale, publishing his home-made verse, dedicated to his tutor, that early Sydney classic the Rev. Henry Fulton, B.A. In the same month, December, of the same year, the Aurora Australis of Dr. Lang was published. They were not poets in the sense that Kavanagh was a musician. In January, 1826, a second music shop was opened at No. 70 George Street, by J. Wood. Early in the same year the first meeting was held to establish an Australian Subscription Literary and Reading Room, the history of which you are familiar with. Public Entertainments were first advertised in 1826, when a series of monthly amateur concerts, commencing in May, were held in the temporary, or, so-called, New Court House-that was the Georgian School, Castlereagh Street. When the Royal Hotel was opened in 1826, Edwards and Sippe, musicians, assisted by Barnett Levy, Mrs. Jones and sonic amateur singers, gave a concert-on the 27th September in its concert room, of which the recording critic wrote, "it was a great SUCCESS. We liked Miss C. and Miss F. very much. There was a very large and respectable audience." You will note how the principals are ignored. The old Gazette, like its modern namesake, had no sense of humour. Most colored people are sad in their publications. Hence we are not indebted to Howe for our knowledge of the people's pastimes. The first concert, under Vice-Regal patronage, was given by Edwards and Sippe on 4th September, 1826. Self-indulgent Sydney was neither monetarily nor numerically strong enough to support a constant entertainment. On the 23rd August, 1832, Mr. Sippe gave a grand concert at which the band of the 17th Regiment played the overtures to The Slave and Guy Mannering; its bandmaster, Mr. Lewis, delighted the audience of two hundred persons with his clarionette solo. Mr. Edwards led the orchestra and Mr. Sippe conducted. Colonel Despard, as a patron of entertainments, gladly allowed the instrumental assistance. The Sydney Philharmonic Society held its first concert in April, 1833, in the same large room which the present society of that name now uses for rehearsals, and used in 1854 when the old name was revived. Some of the best class concerts were held in the large room of the Pulteney Hotel, opened by Mr. Petty in 1832, and until recent years the home of the Australian Club. William Vincent Wallace, bandmaster of the 29th Regiment, of Maritana fame, his brother S.W., the violinist, his sister Eliza, and John Bushelle, the popular tenor, were notable for their excellent music and singing. Wallace was a master of the violin and demanded his twenty-five guineas for assisting at a night's entertainment. The large room of the Sydney College, our present Grammar School, was frequently used for high class concerts. In 1839 the Cecilian Society absorbed its predecessors and became prominent as a musical centre. While we have music and singing by the ear, one or two important items deserve noting. Sydney's earliest singers were Mrs. Rust, Mrs. Bird, Mrs. Lancaster of St. James' Choir, Misses Eliza and Sarah Wallace, Miss Douglas, Miss Winstanley, Mrs. Taylor and Mrs. Chester, both the latter from Drury Lane, all of whom were most estimable persons except, perhaps, the lady of whom lang syne was written:

John Thomas was a Shropshire man,
And eke a worthy nailer,
He had a stout-built, portly frame,
And his flame she was a Taylor.

The male singers were Gordonvitch, a Polish refugee, Rhodius, the artist, Simmons, comic singer. Father Spencer was a musician and choirmaster. The foremost musicians were Edwards, Sippe, Josephson, Stubbs, and William Wallace, (the two latter were flute players, though Stubbs could play several instruments), all the bandmasters, and the Deane family. At 17 Phillip Street, Stubbs taught the violin, bugle, flute and French horn. Tom Stubbs was the first Australian-born composer. In 1836 he composed the Minstrel Waltz, which was dedicated to Mrs. H. Deas-Thomson, and the family name still sounds in waltz music. Had we the names of all who took part in the selections from The Messiah and The Creation, given at old St. Mary's on the night of the 21st September, 1836, when the leading singers and musicians united under Mr. Cavendish to worthily introduce oratorio in our midst, we could find singers and musicians who, if living, would sustain a foremost place in modern concert rooms. Our first French Opera Company, of five members, opened at the Royal Victoria Theatre on 15th March, 1839; they were poorly patronised-M. and Madame Gautrot of the Company became resident teachers of music and singing. ...

J. P. McGuanne, Old St. Mary's, Sydney ([Sydney]: [Author], 1915)

Bibliography and resources:


Choir trainer, singer

Active Sydney, NSW, c.1820


According to Columbus Fitzpatrick's 1865 eyewitness recollections of early Catholic community in Sydney:

... when Father Therry came to the Colony [in 1820] he was surprised and delighted to find ... a good few people who could sing the church services, for my mother [Catherine Fitzpatrick] and a man named McGuire used to meet at Mr. [James] Dempsey's to teach the youth of both sexes to sing, long before the arrival of Father Therry.



Bibliography and resources:

C. J. Duffy (ed.), Catholic religious and social life in the Macquarie era: as portrayed in the letters of Columbus Fitzpatrick (1810-1878) (Sydney: Catholic Press Newspaper Company, Ltd., 1966), 17-19

Patrick O'Farrell, Documents in Australian Catholic history: 1788-1883 (Sydney: G. Chapman, 1969), 32-33


Cornet player (Royal Lyceum)

Active Sydney, 1861


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1861), 1

McHENRY, George

Songwriter, grazier

Active SA, by 1864


"THE AUSTRALIAN EMIGRANT'S SONG", South Australian Register (27 January 1864), 3

"DEATH OF MR. J. L. G. McHENRY", The Advertiser (10 April 1896), 4

McILRATH, Bernard H.


Died Sydney, NSW, September 1869, aged 43


[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 May 1865), 1

LADY BOWEN BAND - Brass or String - Open to Engagement, Town or Country. Apply, L. TORTONI, Edward-street. B. H. M'Ilraith, Manager.

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (7 August 1865), 1

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT - SATURDAY", Empire (24 February 1868), 3

Bernard M'Ilraith, charged with wife desertion, was remanded until Monday next, bail allowed. Defendant also stands charged with deserting his male child, leaving it without visible means of support.

NSW-BDM: 1057/1869

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 September 1869), 8

THE FRIENDS of the late Mr. M'ILRATH, musician, are invited to attend his Funeral; to move from his late residence, No. 412, Pitt-street, near Goulburn-street, THIS (Monday) AFTERNOON, at half-past 2 o'clock. J. and G. SHYING, Undertakers, No. 719, George-street, opposite Christ Church.

McINTOSH, Robert (Sergeant McINTOSH)

Bandmaster, master of the band of the 46th Regiment, teacher of music

Born Perthshire, Scotland, 30 January 1781
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 February 1814 (per Windham, with regimental HQ)
Died Sydney, NSW, 3 November 1829, aged 48


"SYDNEY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 April 1814), 2

On Monday last, the 28th ultimo, Lieutenant Colonel GEORGE MOLLE of His Majesty's 46th Regiment, was sworn in at Government House as LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR of this Territory . . . In the evening a grand Dinner was given at Government House, in honour of the Occasion, at which Lieutenant Colonel O'CONNELL (the late Lieutenant Governor) and the principal Civil, Naval, and Military Officers, and Gentlemen of the Colony were present. Many loyal and constitutional Toasts were drank, followed by appropriate Airs performed in a masterly style by the Band of the 46th Regiment, the whole, producing that flow of harmony and conviviality which could not fail to be interesting to a Company assembled on such an Occasion.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 June 1816), 2

On Thursday the 13th instant, at noon, a Government Vessel, of about 150 tons burthen, was launched from His Majesty's Dock yard at Sydney, amidst a numerous assemblage of all classes of the inhabitants, who had resorted there to witness a scene altogether so novel on the Coast of New South Wales. The style in which this fine brig left the stocks was peculiarly graceful, and enhanced the effect of the ceremony of consigning her to her new element, with the name of the "Elizabeth Henrietta" which HIS EXCELLENCY the GOVERNOR was pleased to give her in the usual form of breaking a bottle of wine on her bow. The Band of the 46th Regt. attended and played several favorite tunes, commencing at the moment of her starring with "God save the King!" followed by "Rule Britannia!", "Hearts of Oak!" and several other cheerful and appropriate airs; until at length the scene closed with the Elizabeth Henrietta riding safe at anchor in Sydney Cove.

"ADVERTISEMENTS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 January 1817), 2

"GOVERNMENT AND GENERAL ORDERS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 August 1817), 2

Serjt. M'lntosh, in Remuneration for Services rendered by the Band, in performing Church Music, from 1st April, 1816, to 31st March, 1817. - 8. 10. 0.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (31 January 1818), 2

TO THE GENTRY OF THE COLONY, AND THE PUBLIC AT LARGE. Robert M'Intosh respectfully begs to inform, that he has commenced teaching Music at his House in York-street, and hopes that an early experience of his assiduity and attention to Pupils on the various Instruments will recommend him to public Favor. Terms 2s. 6d. per lesson on the Piano Forte, & 2s. per lesson for the Violin, Clarionet, Hautboy, and other wind Instruments. Instruments tuned and put in order when they require it. Also, Music furnished for Balls and private Entertainments at a short Notice, and at a moderate Rate of Charge.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 February 1818), 2

"Sydney", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 June 1820), 3

Robert McIntosh, for robbing the King's Stores, was found Guilty, and sentenced to four years transportation to Newcastle.

[Probate advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 December 1829), 4

John Dunmore Lang, An historical and statistical account of New South Wales ... Volume 1 (London; Cochrane and McCrone, 1834), 44

... The first free emigrant, and indeed the first person of any class in society, who obtained a grant of land in the colony of New Sooth Wales, was a German, of the name of Philip Schoeffer. He had been sent out in the first fleet as an agricultural superintendent, chiefly with a view to attempt the cultivation of tobacco, on account of government; as the province of Virginia, from which that article had previously been obtained, had then ceased to be a British colony, and as the soil and climate of New South Wales were supposed likely to prove not unfavourable for its cultivation. Schoeffer's grant was the largest of all those I have enumerated, comprising an extent of one hundred and forty acres. Unfortunately, however, he had contracted habits of intemperance and contrived to get rid of it in due time. He afterwards obtained a grant of fifty acres, in what now constitutes an exceedingly valuable locality in the town of Sydney, but was induced to surrender it to the colonial government for public purposes about the year 1807; receiving as a compensation twenty gallons of rum, which was then worth £3 a gallon, and a grant of similar extent at Pitt Water, one of the inlets of Broken Bay. There had been a female convict in the first fleet - a native of the isle of Skye in Scotland - of the name of Margaret M'Kinnon, who had been transported for the crime of arson, having set fire to her neighbour's house in a fit of jealousy. Schoeffer married this woman and settled on his farm at Pitt Water, where he lived many years; but old age, poverty, and intemperance, induced him at length to sell it by piecemeal, and he died at last in the Benevolent Asylum or Colonial Poor's House. I took the liberty to state the circumstances I have just detailed, in a memorial I addressed to His Excellency General Darling, on behalf of Schoeffer's widow, in the year 1828; adding that a Scotch highlander, who had formerly been master of the band of His Majesty's 46th regiment, and had settled in the colony when the regiment proceeded to India, was willing to maintain the old woman during her lifetime, provided a small compensation should be allowed him by the government. General Darling was pleased to order a hundred acres of land to be measured off to the highlander at Pitt Water, pledging the government that a grant of the ground should be made to him at the old woman's death, provided it should appear to the Governor that he had fulfilled the terms of his engagement. About a year after this arrangement had been effected, the highlander died, and old Peggy is now an inmate of the Benevolent Asylum, where in all likelihood she will spend the remainder of her days.

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1851), 2

THE QUEEN v. McINTOSH . . . The SOLICITOR-GENERAL opened the case to the Jury. The question was whether Robert McIntosh the defendant, was entitled to the property in question, under the grant from the Crown set forth in the pleadings. The facts not in dispute were the proclamation by Governor Darling, and the title of Robert McIntosh the elder to a grant under that proclamation. Old McIntosh came out to this colony about the year 1814, as band-master of the 41st [recte 46th] regiment; he was at this time married, and his wife had issue of a former marriage, the defendant Robert McIntosh, and a daughter, whom he brought out with him. There were issue of the marriage of Robert McIntosh the elder, James McIntosh, the prosecutor, and four other children, of whom James McIntosh was the heir-at-law of his father. In 1827, McIntosh the elder, who had previously purchased the interest of the lessee from the Crown in the land in question, applied to the Government for a grant to be made to him under Governor Darling's proclamation, which application was acceded to, but no further steps were taken in the old man's life time. In 1829, old McIntosh died intestate, and letters of administration of his effects were granted to Robert McIntosh, the defendant. It appeared that no question was at this time raised by the other members of the family, they treating this property as personally, and Robert McIntosh, the defendant, as the fittest person to make distribution . . . [witness] Margaret Ternan: Knew old McIntosh and the defendant twenty-seven years ago; defendant is like old McIntosh in his features more like him than his mother; witness' husband was a bandsman in the 46th Regiment, under old McIntosh; knows John McIntosh, he was eighteen months old when she first saw him . . . [witness] William Gritten: Copied the inscription from the McIntoshs' tombstone, [It was proposed by defendant's counsel that the inscription should be read, and objected to by the prosecutor's. After argument, His HONOR admitted the evidence, on the ground that the evidence tended to show that the tombstone to Mrs. McIntosh was put up by old McIntosh in his lifetime, or by his authority.] The following is the inscription on the tombstone: "Sacred to the memory of Ellen McIntosh, wife of Robert McIntosh, who departed this life 30th of August, 1826, aged 38 years. Also, Mr. Robert McIntosh, late bandmaster of H.M. 46th Regiment, who departed this life 3rd of November, 1829, aged 48 years, leaving eight children to lament their loss. Also, James McIntosh, grandson of the above, who departed this life 3rd of November, 1840, aged 6 years. Also, Ellen McIntosh, grand-daughter of the above, who departed this, life 7th of March, 1849, aged 15 months ...

Bibliography and resources:

Clifford McIntosh, Bandmaster to Farmer/Settler (Leura, NSW: C. S. McIntosh, 1984)

"Familiar Names", Ku-ring-gai Historical Society Inc. Monthly Newsletter 24/9 (October 2006), 5

Colonial Secretary Index, 1788-1825

Granted land at Pittwater; in 1817 appointed constable in the districts of Pittwater and North Harbour; in 1820 convicted of an unknown crime and sent to Newcastle for 4 years; was returned to Sydney in 1821 and assigned to his wife Ellen as servant.

Men of the 46th Regiment

Born Glealbert, Parish of Logierait, Perthshire Scotland on the River Tay, 30th January 1781. Father John, mother Isobel (nee McIntosh). Brother Donald, sisters Grizel and Margaret. He enlisted as a Private soldier in the 46th Regiment of Foot on 25th June, 1813, being paid a bounty of 11 guineas. Enlisting party were paid three pounds four shillings; McIntosh's pay was to be one shilling per day. He was promoted to Sergeant on 9th May, 1814, in succession to Sergeant Samuel Watts who had been demoted to the ranks. McIntosh arrived in Australia on 11th February, 1814, on the Windham with the Headquarters of H.M. 46th Regiment of Foot as Regimental Sergeant Band Master. His wife Ellen, daughter Elizabeth and sons Robert and John accompanied him. McIntosh left the army on 7th September, 1817, and became a landholder. He died on 3rd November, 1829, age 48.

McIVER, Arthur (M'IVER)

Bandmaster, soldier (50th Regiment)

Born ? Belfast, Ireland, 1808
Died Launceston, TAS, 30 December 1885, aged 77

McIVER, Francis

Bandsman, convict

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 1822

McIVER, John

Bandmaster (Launceston Volunteer Rifles Band), composer

McIVER, Mary

Choral singer

Died Port Phillip Heads, VIC (at sea), 6 March 1866

Summary (after family history):

Arthur enlisted in the 50th Regiment on 14th April 1826, at Drogheda, Ireland. He departed England 4 June 1834 on board Norfolk convict ship arriving Van Diemen's Land 15 February 1835. He settled at Launceston c.1844. Francis McIver was a child convict on the Lord Lyndoch (2) to Tasmania in 1836. Francis was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in about 1822 and was convicted with Daniel BAIN for the crime of theft, habit and repute, and previous conviction in the High Court, Edinburgh, Scotland on 19th May 1835.

Performances of musical works by John McIver documented:

Varsoviana (1861)

Wild flower schottische (published Launceston, 1865)

Rondo Her bright smile (1865)

March (Thy bright smile) (1866)

Polka (Orange blossom) (1866)

There is a reference to Arthur still as bandmaster in 1886, perhaps recte John?


[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (15 January 1861), 4

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (2 March 1865), 5

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (15 March 1865), 4

We have received a copy of the "Wild Flower Schottische," composed by Mr. John McIver, printed by Mr. R. Harris and gold by Mr J. J. Hudson of Launceston, Mr. Wm. Fletcher, of Hobart Town, and all the music sellers of the adjoining colonies. This is a very brilliant piece of dance music highly creditable to the author, who though a young man has been long a resident of Launceston. The air of the "Wild Flower" is very pleasing and certain to become a favorite with the "Ladies of Tasmania" to whom the author has gallantly dedicated it. The "Wild Flower" has been very neatly printed by Mr Harris. We are aware of the difficulty of printing music, and this being the first piece published in Launceston, it must be admitted that it has been turned out in a most creditable manner.

"HORTICULTURAL SHOW", Launceston Examiner (6 April 1865), 5

"FLOWER SHOW", Launceston Examiner (18 October 1866), 3

"THE VOLUNTEER RIFLES BAND SOIREE DANSANTE", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 December 1866), 4

"MONUMENT TO THE MEMORY OF THE LATE MISS McIVER", The Cornwall Chronicle (26 January 1867), 4

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (31 December 1885), 1

"ST. JOSEPH'S BAND. FIFTY YEARS' HISTORY", Launceston Examiner (6 July 1895), 3

"AUSTRALIA'S OLDEST BAND", The Mercury (5 August 1929), 8

Bibliography and resources:



Active Melbourne, VIC, c. late 1840s

Bibliography and resources:

"Garryowen" [Edmund Finn], Chronicles of early Melbourne 1835 to 1852, Vol. 2 (Melbourne: Fergusson and Mitchell, 1888)

... Associations for the promotion of Temperance were formed early in Melbourne ... land was purchased in Russell Street ... and a comfortable Hall erected, in which meetings were held. As it was found advisable to provide attractions for the meetings, a band of music was formed in 1847, which numbered over twenty performers, and have great satisfaction on its first public appearance. On each Tuesday evening, when the public meeting took place, the band paraded the streets for upwards of an hour, and attracted an audience which more than filled the hall ... The members of the band were unselfish, and gave the proceeds of their services to the Society for the purchase of new instruments and towards defraying the debt on the hall. After a time, as Bandmaster Tickle became unsteady, an old Peninsular veteran named McKee supplied his place until 1849, when the Messrs. Hore arrived in the colony ... (539)

McKELLO, Andrew


Died Sydney, NSW, 5 December 1833


"Coroner's Inquests", The Sydney Herald (9 December 1833), 1s

"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser ( 10 December 1833), 2


Professor of Music and Singing, composer

Arrived Sydney, 16 November 1853 (per Queen Margaret, from the Downs, 19 July)
Active Sydney, NSW, until January 1865


Professor of Singing, Wandering minstrel, Shakespearian reciter

Born Cheltenham, England
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 November 1853 (as above)
Died (suicide) Woollahra, Sydney, NSW, 11 December 1875, aged 63

MACKENZIE, Harry (? not related to the above)

Pipe major

Active Queensland, QLD, by 1876


With their respective wives, Harry and T. D. Mackenzie, "Professors of Music and Singing" and reciters-brothers, or father and son?-arrived in Sydney in November 1853.

Harry composed at least three published songs, on to lyrics by Henry Halloran (1811-1893), two by the young University of Sydney graduate and lawyer Walter Allen (d.1867), of which Such is life (1855) appears to have been popular and was reissued by several publishers over many years, the latest in Paling's annual No. 22 (1901).

Tom, who continued to present Shakespearian readings after his dismissal from the customs service and an insolvency, committed suicide in 1875; Harry disappears, from my sight at least, a decade earlier. Tom was reportedly a native of Cheltenham, England, so perhaps there is no connection between the 1853 arrivals and the Scots pipe major, Harry, later active in Queensland.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Empire (17 November 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1857), 1

"CUSTOMS DUTIES", The Argus (27 June 1860), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1860), 8

[Advertisement]: "VOLUNTEERS' SONG", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1860), 10

"INSOLVENCIES DURING THE MONTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 October 1863), 9

[Legislative Assembly], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1864), 6

[Advertisement], Empire (8 October 1864), 1

"New Music", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1865), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1867), 1

"CORONER'S COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1875), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1875), 1

 [News], The Darling Downs Gazette (25 November 1876), 5

"CALEDONIAN SOCIETY", The Darling Downs Gazette (11 December 1879), 3

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 September 1887), 2

[News], The Brisbane Courier (28 September 1892), 4

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (29 June 1907), 2

Musical publications:

Such is life ([Sydney: Henry Marsh, 1855; The Australian Cadeau No. 15, 8 September 1855)]

Such is life (Ballad; words: Walter B. Allen) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857])

Such is life (Sydney: J. Reading, [1870])

Volunteer's song (words: Henry Halloran) ([Sydney: W. J. Johnson, 1860])

Good bye (words: Walter Allen) ([Sydney: W. J. Johnson, 1865])


Bandsman, musician

Died Launceston, TAS, 2 October 1873, aged 73


[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (9 August 1851), 7

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (20 August 1851), 526

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (27 August 1851), 2

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (7 October 1873), 2

MACKIE, Robert

Piano tuner and repairer, music seller, music publisher, musical agent, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1856 (late of Edinburgh)
Died South Yarra, VIC, 21 April 1865, in his 45th year


Robert Mackie, "late of Edinburgh" and for "fifteen years principal Tuner with the eminent firms of Collard and Collard, and Allison and Allison, London" was active in Melbourne early in 1856. He published his own Toorak polka in June 1859, and in 1860 a "new edition" of Jessie's dream (a story of the relief of Lucknow ...  written by Grace Campbell; composed by John Blockley) (compare the almost identical edition issued by McCulloch and Stewart in 1860, Jessie's dream).


[Advertisement], The Argus (16 February 1856), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 March 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 June 1859), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 March 1860), 7

[News], The Argus (15 January 1861), 5

We have pleasure in drawing attention to another colonial musical production, which cannot fail to become a favourite when known. It is, The birthday o' the year: Australian Scotch song, of which the words are by Mr. George Lindley, and the music by Mr. Robert Mackie, the publisher. Both words and music show much taste and feeling. We are really glad to know that we have among us composers and writers of songs so good as this, and that we noticed yesterday [Louis Lewis's What Sounds are these]. We must also congratulate the musical public on the fact, that native producers in this line do not, as is generally the case, deem it necessary to exact for the native production a sum thrice as much as for the imported article. These songs are published at about the same price as they would be in London.

[News], The Argus (13 February 1865), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (24 April 1865), 4

"Funeral notices", The Argus (24 April 1865), 8

McLEAN, Edward (Teddy)

Dancer, ballet master

Born Dublin, Ireland, 1840
Died Randwick, NSW, 23 June 1915, aged 75

McLEAN, Elizabeth (Miss Lizzie SHAPTER)


Born ? (Daughter of Edward SHAPTER)
Died Point Piper, NSW, August 1886


Edward Shapter's daughter, Miss Lizzie Shapter was a danseuse with the Lyster and Cagli Opera company in the 1870s, married to Edward McLean, ballet master at the Theatre Royal, Sydney.


[Advertisement], Empire (25 December 1863), 1

"THE LATE FATAL FIRE", Empire (9 January 1872), 3

Mr. Edward McLean, the ballet master, lost all his music and splendid wardrobe of pantomimic dresses.

"THEATRE ROYAL", Evening News (29 July 1876), 4

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 August 1886), 12

"GOSSIP OF THE THEATRES", Referee (30 June 1915), 15

McLEAN, Hector Roderick (from 1880s Hector MACLEAN)

Organist, choir director, music examiner, composer

Born St Pancras, London, England, 1851
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1874
Died Parramatta, NSW, 29 January 1935, aged 82 [sic]  (NLA persistent identifier)



[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 December 1874), 11


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1935), 12

"OBITUARY. Mr. H. R. MACLEAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 February 1935), 19


Mr. Hector R. Maclean, a musician of former years, died at Parramatta on Tuesday, aged 82 years. Mr. Maclean had a long and varied experience as an organist and choirmaster, his first appointment being to Partis College. Bath, at the age of 17. He obtained his professorship in music at Trinity College, London. On his arrival in Sydney in 1875, he secured the appointment as organist and choir director at St. Philip's, Church Hill. In 1877, he transferred to St. James', where he was organist and musical conductor for 20 years. Later, he served at St. Barnabas, Sydney, and St. John's, Parramatta. Mr. Maclean was one of the founders of the Sydney College of Music in 1894. He was an examiner in music for the Sydney University, and adjudicated at many eisteddfods and conducted several choral societies. He composed songs, pianoforte pieces, anthems, an operetta, Populaire, performed at Government House while Lord Carrington was Governor, and a setting of the Greek play, Agamemnon, which was produced by University students. He was a member of the Musical Association of New South Wales, and was at one time a member of the council ...

Musical works (early):

The adieu (nocturne for pianoforte) (Sydney: Elvy, [1874])

Bibliography and resources:

McLEOD, Angus (M'LEOD)

Bandmaster, master of the band of the 21st Regiment, professor of music, flautist, pianist

Born ? Argyleshire, Scotland, 17 October 1786
Arrived Sydney, NSW, October 1833(per Lord Lyndoch)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), December 1833
Died Richmond, TAS, 12 February 1863, aged 77 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Angus McLeod arrived in Hobart with his wife and children by July 1833, announcing immediately his intention to stay and settle in Hobart when eventually his regiment moved on. With his band of the 21st Regiment, he took his benefit at the Theatre Royal in Hobart in July 1837, performing "a piece of music entitled The British camp in Portugal", the advertisement for which lists the titles of 17 movements, which corresponds roughly with the list given for a version of the same work performed in Leeds UK by the Band of the 5th Dragoon Guards in 1827

At his benefit in February 1838, the program included Chevalier Neukomm's song The sea, sung by Arthur Falchon and "Accompanied by the band of the regiment, and arranged expressly by Mr. M'Leod for the occasion" (for a US edition, see, and the "celebrated French Horn Echo". As planned, he stayed on to settle in Hobart when his regiment left early in 1839.

At the Government Ball in November 1839, "the music, under the conduct and arrangement of that yery talented musician, and very estimable man, Mr. M'Leod, was well selected, and admirably performed. Quadrilles and Waltzes were the order of the night". At a concert in June 1840 McLeod played a "Flute concerto, with orchestral accompaniments, OTTO" and Mayseder's Paganini Variations. The string player John McLeod, who appeared with him in Launceston in 1841, is probably a relative.


[News], The Hobart Town Courier (5 July 1833), 2

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (21 October 1833), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (5 December 1833), 2

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (19 August 1836), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (11 July 1837), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (6 February 1838), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (9 February 1838), 2

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", Colonial Times (11 December 1838), 7

[News], Colonial Times (26 February 1839), 6

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (8 October 1839), 2

"The Government Ball", Colonial Times (12 November 1839), 5

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (9 June 1840), 2

"The Campbeltown Ball", Launceston Courier (3 May 1841), 2

[Launceston news], Colonial Times (11 May 1841), 4

"THE LATE MR. ANGUS McLEOD", The Mercury (14 February 1863), 2

"DEATH OF A VETERAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (21 February 1863), 3


Viola (tenor) player, orchestra leader, ? bandsman (21st Regiment)

Active Hobart and Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1838-41


Probably a relative of Angus McLeod, John McLeod acted as "leader of the orchestra" (the band of the 21st Regiment) at Hobart Theatre in August 1838.


[Advertisement], Colonial Times ((28 August 1838), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 November 1840), 1

[Launceston news], Colonial Times (11 May 1841), 4

McLEOD, James (M'LEOD)

Blind musician

Died Sydney, NSW, 17 July 1851, aged 42


"WATER POLICE OFFICE", Empire (19 July 1851), 3

"CORONER'S INQUESTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 July 1851), 3

... on the body of James M'Leod, aged 42, then lying dead in the Infirmary . . . it appeared that the deceased was a poor blind man, an itinerant musician, and was brought to the Infirmary on the night of the 10th July, almost insensible; nothing could be elicited from him as to his usual residence. He was rapidly sinking from exhaustion, and he ultimately expired on the 17th inst. . . . it appeared that the deceased was a poor blind musician, well known about Sydney and the suburbs . . .


Trombone player, bandsman (band of the 99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, from 1843
Died Hobart, TAS, 4 September 1849, aged 39 years


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Note: Memorial plaque at Anglesea Barracks, Hobart, reads:

Sacred To the memory of Norman MCLAUGHLIN Late Musician in H.M. 99th Regt. who died on the 4th Sept 1849 Aged 39 years. This stone is erected by Catherine MCLAUGHLIN in memory of her beloved husband.

McLUSKIE, Thomas

Musician, convict

Active Sydney, NSW, 1832-33



2187. M'Luskie Thomas, Waterloo, musician, groom, and soldier, to John M'Laren, Sydney.

[Convict notices], New South Wales Government Gazette (16 January 1833), 27

M'Cluskie Thomas, No. 31-764, Waterloo, 31, Musician, tunes piano's, Groom and Soldier, Dublin, 5 feet 8, grey eyes, brown hair, sallow freckled comp. D under left arm, two raised moles under outer part of right eye, from Mr. M'Laren.

McMAHON, Edward

Cornopean player, amateur bandsman

Active Sydney, NSW, 1848


"SUPREME COURT. Friday. BEFORE the full Court. IN THE MATTER OF THE ST PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE BENEFIT SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1848), 2


Professor of music, organist

Born Paramatta, NSW, 1838
Died Waverly, NSW, 23 November 1916


"PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 April 1869), 7

MISS AITKEN. Pursuant to announcement this popular favourite made her reappearance before a Parramatta audience at the School of Arts, on Monday evening last . . . The intervals between the readings were ably filled up by lady and gentlemen vocalists, who contributed in no small degree to the success of the entertainment. Mr. Alfred M'Manus presided at the pianoforte with customary effect.

"Parramatta", Greville's official Post Office directory of New South Wales (1872- )

"PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1877), 7

"SOCIAL", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (26 April 1890), 912

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1916), 6

Bibliography and resources:

"Going on ahead", Blog, Dictionary of Sydney (28 September 2011)

"Every picture tells a story", Blog, Dictionary of Sydney (12 September 2013)

Associations (see 2013-09-12 above)

Alfred McManus was nephew of James McManus (d.1839), who, in October 1829, murdered Edward VALLACE, the bellman of St. John's Parramatta, in the churchyard. Burgin's trick photo, ? c.1870, possibly features later members of the McManis family (see: Several male and female members of the BURGIN family were also active as amateur musicians and salaried organists in Parramatta c.1900.

MacNAMARA, Francis (Frank MacNAMARA; "Frank the Poet")

Convict, singer, songwriter

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 September 1832 (transported per Eliza)
Died Mudgee NSW, 29 August 1861


"SUDDEN DEATH", Empire (4 September 1861), 3


"FRANK THE POET", Bathurst Free Press (18 June 1862), 2


"THEY SAILED TO PRISON", The Argus (14 July 1956), 10

Other sources (biographical):

Convict details

Conduct record,250,174,L,54

Sources of attributed works

"Trimingham manuscript"; State Library of New South Wales (DIGITISED)

Thomas Whitley, manuscript transcriptions (c.1891) of poems by Francis MacNamara; State Library of New South Wales

Martin Cash, the bushranger of Van Diemen's Land in 1843: a personal narrative of his exploits in the bush and his experiences at Port Arthur and Norfolk Island

(Hobart: J. Walch, [1870]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Reece 1991

Brownrigg 2016

Bibliography and resources:

R. H. W. Reece [Bob Reece], "MacNamara, Francis (1810-1861)", Australian dictionary of biography suppl. (2005)

Mark Gregory, "Frank the Poet" (blogspot)


Trumpeter, bandsman (99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1


Organ builder

Active Tasmania, 1851


"TASMANIAN CONTRIBUTIONS", The Cornwall Chronicle (29 January 1851), 59

... organ-pipes of Huon pine, bored in the solid with stops in writing-desk muskwood, inlaid with pine, blackwood, she oak, and myrtle by Mr. McNaughten.


Hymn singer, executed convict

Executed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 3 July 1827


"EXECUTION", Hobart Town Gazette (7 July 1827), 4

Daniel Macpherson, a boy aged 19, next ascended [the gallows]. He was remarkably fervent and sung the hymn on the scaffold with great loudness and strength of voice; he was formerly a servant to a settler at Ralph's bay, and dated his crimes from the time of his entering the Penitentiary, which he declared had been his ruin, and wondered that such a sink of crime had not long since been swallowed up.

MACQUARIE, Elizabeth Henrietta (CAMPBELL)

Amateur pianist

Born Scotland, 1778
Married Lachlan Macquarie, 1807
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 31 December 1809 (per Dromedary)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 15 February 1822 (per Surry)
Died Jarvisfield, Mull, UK, 11 March 1835 (NLA persistent identifier)


Letter, Elizabeth Macquarie, to Mary Ann Piper, 9 February 1822 (ed. Eldershaw 1939/73, 123)

Sydney Febry. 9th. 1822. Dear Mrs. Piper. My state of health prevents my being able to call on my acquaintances in this Colony to take my leave, I therefore take only the means in my power of assuring you of my good wishes for a long continuance of health, and prosperity to you, Captain Piper and all your family. I have to request your & Captain Pipers acceptance of a Violoncello, which I hope will be found to sound well in your house at Point Piper. - I am Dear Mrs. Piper with much regard Yours sincerely E. H. Macquarie.

Richard Cobbold, Mary Anne Wellington: the soldier's daughter, wife and widow (London: H. Colburn, 1846), vol. 3, 57

... Thomas Hewitt was, in truth, made much of. He was so diligent in his application to the study and practice of his clarionet, that it obtained him frequent introductions into the most polite circles in Sydney, where music was much cherished by the Governor's lady, who was very partial to this elegant accomplishment. Frequently was he sent for, to accompany that lady in the best concerto music which could be procured, and in her fashionable and crowded drawing-room this brave man was treated with the respect due to his talents and his demeanour.

Bibliography and resources:

Marjorie Barnard, "Macquarie, Elizabeth Henrietta (1778-1835)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Clem Sargent, "The British garrison in Australia 1788--841--Part 3: Bands of the garrison regiments", The Free Library (1 December 1999) British Garrison in Australia 1788--841--Part 3: Bands of the...-a077400529

"Mystery cello comes out to play", The Australian (16 March 2010)

Heather Clarke, "Mrs Macquarie's Cello & The Flowers of Edinburgh", posted 12 January 2012, Australian Colonial Dance

Julie Power and Teije Hylkema, "Taking Mrs Macquarie's legacy for a drive", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 2014) [includes video clip of Hylkema playing the Macquarie-Piper cello]

"Elizabeth Macquarie", Wikipedia


"Mrs. Macquarie's cello": violoncello, made in England by by Thomas Kennedy, by 1814


Thomas Hewitt

MADER, Frederick

Music printer, music publisher, bookbinder, general stationer

Active Sydney, NSW, as Kern and Mader, 1845-53
Active Sydney, NSW, as F. Mader, 1856
Died Dubbo, NSW, 23 December 1882, aged 72


As Kern and Mader (c.1850-53), Mader published several works for Isaac Nathan; later, Mader alone published [Edward] Boulanger's Musical Keepsake for 1856.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1845), 1

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1845), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (25 June 1853), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1882), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999


Charles Kern

MAFFEI, Joseph (Signor MAFFEI)

Professor of Music (Cornet-a-pistons, Cornopean, Trumpet)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1852


[Advertisement], The Argus (20 November 1852), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 March 1853), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 May 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 June 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 June 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 September 1853), 8

[News], Colonial Times (3 December 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 June 1854), 8

"PICNIC OF THE BALLARAT WEST FIRE BRIGADE", The Star (12 December 1863), 3


Priest, singer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1841-42
Died Appin, NSW, 20 May 1866


"EASTER SUNDAY. SYDNEY", Australasian Chronicle (13 April 1841), 2

"THE LATE DUKE OF ORLEANS", Australasian Chronicle (13 December 1842), 2

"RELIGIOUS", Illustrated Sydney News (16 June 1866), 2

MAGILL, John Napier (Lieutenant MAGILL)

Amateur flautist, lieutenant (96th Regiment)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1843
Died (lost in the bush), WA, by 1 July 1848


"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian (1 July 1842), 3

[News], South Australian (9 December 1842), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (7 November 1843), 3

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 November 1843), 3


[News], South Australian Register (1 July 1848), 2

[News], South Australian Register (27 September 1848), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Anthony F. Harris, "Lieutenant John Napier Magill, 96th Regiment of Foot", Sabretache 49/3 (September 2008), 15-20



Active Melbourne, VIC, and Launceston, TAS, late 1857


Maggiorotti first appeared in concert with Grossi in Melbourne in November 1857; the Argus reported that he had toured with Catherine Hayes in Europe and the West Indies, and was "with one or two exceptions ... the best buffo actor we have seen in opera". He sang with Laglaise and Coulon in Maria Carandini and Lewis Lavenu's company into December, but disappears from the Australian record thereafter. Was he the bass Luigi Maggiorotti active in London in the 1820s? Perhaps not. Whereas he was more probably the Magiorrotti who was singing in the United States in 1859.


"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (23 November 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 November 1857), 8

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (8 December 1857), 3

"Theatre Royal", The Cornwall Chronicle (9 December 1857), 5

"OPERA", The Courier (11 December 1857), 3

"DETROIT. MICH.", New York Musical Review and Gazette 10/10 (14 May 1859), 148

Bibliography and resources:

Vera Brodsky Lawrence, Strong on music: repercussions 1857-1862 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999), 596

MAGNEY, Herman Augustine

Choir singer, baritone vocalist

Died Woollahra, NSW, 31 July 1897, aged 49


Choir singer, tenor vocalist


"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (26 September 1874), 10

A complimentary concert was given to Miss Winifred O'Hara (the blind vocalist) in St. Francis's hall last Wednesday, when upwards of a thousand persons awarded their patronage . . . Mrs. Gray (late Miss James), Miss Clara Lea, and a number of lady and gentlemen amateurs (principally Madame Bushelle's pupils) rendered valuable assistance, and were frequently encored . . . The duet between Messrs. P. Egan and J. Hinchy was well received, and Mr. H. A. Magney, who sang the 'Slave Ship,' was loudly applauded . . .

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1897), 1

"OBITUARIES", Freeman's Journal (7 August 1897), 16

Mr. Herman Augustine Magney, one of our oldest Catholic choir-singers, and a well-known figure in the city, died at his residence, 'Tarella,' on Saturday night. Mr. Magney joined old St. Mary's choir when a boy, and he was afterwards for many years connected with the pro-cathedral choir and St. Joseph's, Woollahra. He was a prominent member of the old Civil Service Musical Society, and some years ago appeared frequently as a soloist at church and charity concerts. He had a fine baritone voice. Mr. Magney began life 'at the case' in the Freeman office, afterwards joining the S. M. Herald staff. He was one of the first members of the Waverley Bowling Club, but for the last two years he has 'been a member of the City Club. He leaves a mother and sister and three brothers, one of whom is Alderman T. Magney, Mayor of Woollahra. As a. token of respect to the memory of the deceased gentleman, "The Dead March in Saul" was played at the conclusion of the 11 o'clock Mass on Sunday at St. Joseph's Church, Woollahra. The funeral to the Waverley Cemetery on Monday was largely attended. Messrs. John Bede Magney and Thomas Magney were the chief mourners. Mr. Martin Magney, the youngest brother, was too ill to leave his home. The Rev. P. B. Kennedy, O.S.F., assisted by the Rev. T. A. Fitzgerald, O.S.F., officiated at the grave. The late Mr. Magney was in his 49th year.

MAGRUDER (pseud.)

Author, "librettist"

Active Fremantle, WA, 1892


This intriguing, and so far as I can find, lost item is likely, of course, to have been merely literary (and satirical) in content, if musical in conceit. Can anyone tell me the "Happy Band and Chosen Six" might have been?


[Advertisement], The West Australian (23 January 1892), 3

"The Happy Band, or The Chosen Six, a comic political West Australian Opera in three Acts, written by MAGRUDER. Price 1s. To be had of all booksellers and stationers. Also throughout the Colony, or of the Author, Henry-street, Fremantle.

[Advertisement], The West Australian (25 January 1892), 3

[Advertisement], The Daily News (25 February 1892), 4


Bugler (51st Regiment)

Departed WA/TAS, ?
Died India, 1847


"THE 51ST REGIMENT", Inquirer (8 December 1847), 1s

MAHONEY, Charles

Mouth organ player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1833


"POLICE INDICENTS", The Sydney Herald (8 July 1833), 3


Pianist, organist, women's suffrage activist

Born London, England, 27 March 1842
Arrived Brisbane, QLD, 12 May 1864 (per Prince Consort)
Married (Willmore), Brisbane, QLD, 28 December 1885 (separated by 1900)
Died Wynnum, QLD, 22 August 1938, in her 97th year (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (5 July 1866), 1

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (13 July 1866), 1

"ENTERTAINMENT AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Queenslander (6 April 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (1 February 1872), 1

[News], The Brisbane Courier (5 May 1880), 3

"SUPREME COURT. Willmore v. Willmore", The Brisbane Courier (5 June 1900), 7

"DEATHS", The Courier-Mail (24 August 1938), 14s

"DID MUCH FOR MUSIC IN BRISBANE. Late Mrs. H. Willmore", The Courier-Mail (25 August 1938), 2s

WITH the passing of Mrs. Henrietta Willmore, at her home at Wynnum on August 22, Brisbane lost one who helped to lay the foundations of musical culture in this city. As Madame Mallalieu, she taught many students to appreciate and interpret the works of the great composers. Madame Mallalieu, who later became Mrs. Willmore, was born in England, where her elder sister was also known as a brilliant musician. In collaboration with Mr. R. T. Jefferies, she helped to arrange popular concerts, and was organist at the old St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, in Wickham Terrace. She was a keen worker for the Queensland Women's Electoral League, acting president of the Toowone branch it one time, and a vice-president of the council. Some years ago friends with whom she wished to keep in touch formed the Willmore Discussion Club, it which matters of public interest were discussed. The late Mrs. Willmore, who was in her 97th year, leaves two daughters, Mrs. W. Craig, of Wynnum, and Miss H. Mallalieu.

Bibliography and resources:

Betty Crouchley, Willmore, Henrietta (1842-1938), Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

Peter Roennfeldt, "The power of persistence: musical advocates north of the Tweed", Queensland Review 18/1 (January 2011), 42-53

See also: WILLMORE, Walter Graham

MALON, Corporal (? Michael MALLON; Owen MALLEN)

Bandsman, Kent bugle player (Band of the 28th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1841

See also Band of the 28th Regiment


"THE CONCERT", Sydney Free Press (15 July 1841), 2 

Last night Mr. Deane's concert came off with great eclat, the Governor having honoured Mr. D. with his presence on the occasion. Colonel French kindly allowed the band of the 28th to assist, they gave us an air or two, in which Corporal Malon's Solo, on the Kent Bugle was very good ...

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Corporal Michael Mallon (1797-1848)", Australia's red coat regiments 

MANSON, William

Bandsman (Band of the 28th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1841

See also Band of the 28th Regiment


"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (16 February 1841), 2

William Manson, late bandsman of the 28th Regiment, who had been convicted of a similar offence [sexual abuse of child], was next placed at the bar, and like the others had nothing to offer in arrest of judgment.


Pianist, composer, merchant

Born Wisbech, UK, 5 October 1829
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 16 April 1850 (per Julindur, from Plymouth, 6 January)
Died Adelaide, SA, 5 June 1861, aged 32


At a Moonlight Grand Concert in Adelaide in August 1853, Alfredo Mantegani introduced his new The Helen waltz, named after his fiancée, Helen Thomas, one of the colony's earliest arrivals, and daughter of the proprietor of the South Australian Register Robert Thomas. Other named works include Away with melancholy with variations ("Solo, Pianoforte ... Montigani" [sic]) and the Pantheon waltz ("Solo, Pianoforte ... by A. Montegani" in 1854. At the Victoria Theatre in January 1855:

The interlude was only remarkable in other respects for some original airs played off by a Mr. Montegani, who, not feeling satisfied with the manner in which he was received in one instance, deprived the audience of the opportunity of repeating it by withdrawing his valuable services from the bill of fare.


"POLICE COURT", South Australian Register (30 May 1850), 3

George Rowland Dyer, surgeon, was charged with stealing an ebony flute and case, the property of Alfreddo Mantegani, on the 11th inst.. Alfreddo Mantegani stated that he was a merchant and resided at the "Clarendon Hotel." He had been about seven weeks in the colony. The flute produced was his property: it cost £4 in London just before he (witness) started for this colony.

"POLICE", South Australian (31 May 1850), 3

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (31 July 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 August 1852), 3

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (28 August 1852), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 August 1853), 2

"PROMENADE MUSICALE", South Australian Register (20 March 1854), 1

"PROMENADE CONCERT", South Australian Register (5 April 1854), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (24 April 1854), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 November 1854), 1

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register (19 January 1855), 2

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (26 June 1855), 2

"CRESWICK INTELLIGENCE", The Star (9 April 1859), 3

"MASONIC BALL AT CRESWICK", The Star (13 December 1859), 4

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (8 June 1861), 2

"THE OLDEST COLONIST, Late Mrs. Helen Mantegani", The Register (18 August 1921), 7

"OBITUARY", The Register (25 August 1926), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Papers of Helen Mantegani (1815-1921), at SL-SA

Desmond O'Connor, "A home away from home: Alfred Mantegani in Australia", in Riflessi e riflessioni (Adelaide: Italian Discipline, Flinders University of South Australia, 1992), 157-187

MARGETTS, Tom (Thomas; "Dimply Tom")

Entertainer, singer, dancer, bellringer

Died Bendigo, VIC, 28 December 1903


"MEMORANDA", The Telegraph (16 July 1870), 6

The great attraction at the Prahran Popular Entertainment on Tuesday evening last was the announcement that Mr. Tom Margetts would appear, which had the desired effect of filling the hall. He seng Robinson Crusoe with his customary vigour and so pleased the audience that nothing less than a double encore would satisfy them, which he kindly acceded to.

"BENDIGO", The Argus (29 December 1903), 3

Mr. Tom Margetts, a well-known figure in local theatrical circles, died on Monday, aged 53. He was an old resident, and in his youth was a capable actor in London.

"THE TOM MARGETTS MEMORIAL", Bendigo Advertiser (3 February 1904), 5

"Prahran in the Early Days (No. 4) by Squint" (1906)

Turning down Palermo Street, from Chapel Street, one comes to a three-roomed, iron cottage, where resided Edward Young and his family; subsequently the home of one Dimply Tom, from the fact that he had two large dimples on his cheeks and one on his chin. For many years Tom was a great favourite, always ready at the call of charity. He was a splendid mimic, and one who rendered great and valuable assistance in the days when Penny Reading Concerts were given in Prahran. He subsequently joined the Lynch Family of Bellringers, and travelled with them for years. Tom Margetts died in Bendigo a few years back.

MARR, Elizabeth (Mrs. Alexander MARR; Miss ALLISON)

Teacher of dancing

Active Sydney, NSW, 1844-45


"MARRIED", The Sydney Herald (22 February 1842), 3

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (28 December 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Australian (11 October 1845), 2

DANCING. MRS. ALEXANDER MARR begs must respectfully to inform her numerous friends and the public, that she has opened a select Academy for Dancing, in that large Hall lately occupied by Signor Carandini), corner of Phillip and Hunter streets, where she hopes to meet with that patronage it has ever been her study to merit.

MARSDEN, William

Musician, composer, upholsterer

Active Bathurst, NSW, 1850; Sydney, ? 1850, 1852


[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (7 September 1850), 5

... Waltz - Composed by Mr. W. Marsden.

"BATHURST SERENADERS", Bathurst Free Press (12 October 1850), 4

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (21 September 1850), 5

"DESERTION", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1850), 2

"MASTERS AND SERVANTS ACT", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1851), 2

"SYDNEY POLICE COURT", Empire (7 April 1852), 2

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (25 February 1852), 1 

"CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1856), 4

MARSH, Henry

MARSH, Maria Heathilla (Mrs. PROUT; Mrs. John Skinner PROUT)

MARSH, Stephen Hale

See main page on Stephen and Henry Marsh and family: 


Flute player, vocalist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1830-47


A regular solo flautist at concerts since 1830, by 1833 Marshall was listed by the Courier as one of Hobart's musical "old favorites", along with Reichenberg, Deane, Russell, and Williams of the 63rd. He played for William Russell's farewell benefit at the Argyle Theatre in September 1834 (where he was perhaps a regular member of the band), and at Edmund Leffler's Hobart concert in November he sang (? bass) in Mazzinghi's glee The Wreath and played a flute solo by Nicholson. He, Deane, and George Peck also sang glees at the St. Andrew's Day dinner that month. Perhaps he was also the Marshall involved with the Hobart Town Choral Society in 1844.


"VAN DIEMAN'S LAND NEWS. MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1830), 4

... Bishop's beautiful glee "The Foresters" was then sung most admirably by Messrs. Pemfriest, Bock, Marshall, and Lanford. ... Bishop's glee, "Beam of Light," then followed by Miss Ludgater, Messrs. Deane, Bock, and Langford. ... The first act closed with a piece from Hayden, by the whole of the performers, and the second act opened with another piece of that celebrated master [...] followed by the celebrated glee "The last rose Summer," by Miss Ludgater, Messrs. Deane, Marshall, and Bock ... A beautiful Quartetto from Haydn then followed, by Mr. Deane the Violin, Mr. Marshall the Flute, Mr. Bock the Tenor, and Mr. Hoffer the Violoncello. It was admirably executed.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (30 April 1831), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 September 1831), 1

"VAN DIEMEN'S LAND", The Australian (7 December 1832), 3

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (25 January 1833), 2

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (5 July 1833), 2

[News], Colonial Times (5 November 1833), 2

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (6 December 1833), 2

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (26 September 1834), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (11 November 1834), 3

"To the Editor", The Courier (29 October 1844), 3

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", Colonial Times (1 October 1847), 3

... The Organ Duett "Cum Sancto Spiritu," accompanied by Mr. Marshall on the flute was most beautifully executed; and we are pleased to observe, that there is no lack of energy or exertion on the parts of those who having organized our Choral Society, have now brought it to so high a point of excellence.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (26 March 1850), 1


Precentor (Presbyterian)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1860



A class has been formed by the precentor, Mr. Marshall, for instruction in sacred music About 35 young persons have joined it, and it is expected that the psalmody of the church, which has already undergone considerable improvement, will by this means be still further improved.

"VALEDICTORY SERVICE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1860), 9


Organ and Pianoforte maker, music seller

Born Tole, Yorkshire, England, 15 June 1803
Arrived Adelaide, SA, ? 1839 (per Thomas Harrison)
Died Plympton, Adelaide, SA, 28 March 1879

Image: Samuel Marshall, c.1865


Active in Adelaide by 1842, Marshall had reportedly begun building organs by 1845. He late also built pianos, but was also widely known as a machinist and builder of agricultural reapers. From his premises in Currie-street and later in Rundle-street, he ran a music repository, a family business carried on after his death. Under the imprint "S. Marshall & Sons" he also published music, mainly local reprints of European works (searchable via Trove), but also some South Australian compositions.

In 1860, he advertised the publication of Carl Linger's lost Fantasia on the Song of Australia ("Fantaisie brilliante on the Gawler prize Song of Australia for pianoforte"), and in 1867 the Song of the kooyanna: a native bird of Australia (Music by Mrs W. P. A; words: "Ellie"). In 1878, he republished Linger's long out-of-print The song of Australia, and W. B. Chinner's Concordia: fantasia for pianoforte on the Song of Australia and God save the queen. In 1886 the firsm issued W. B. Chinner's anthem Awake, awake! put on thy strength, O Zion. The firm also  issued a later edition of W. C. Oldham's The Kapunda Rifle Schottische.


"SUPREME COURT", South Australian (15 March 1842), 3

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (31 December 1845), 2

[News], South Australian Register (13 February 1847), 2

[News], South Australian Register (11 March 1848), 2

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (22 April 1848), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 September 1848), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 May 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (31 December 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (11 January 1860), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 December 1861), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 July 1863), 1

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (31 March 1879), 4

"OBITUARY. DEATH OF MR. S. MARSHALL", South Australian Register (19 April 1879), 5s

We regret to have to record the death of Mr. Samuel Marshall, the well-known music-seller. The deceased has not taken any active part in business for the last two years, and for the past three months he has been confined to his bed. He was an old colonist, having arrived here in the year 1839, and we believe he was the first to make reaping-machines in the colony. He gradually, however, relinquished this branch of industry for the music business, which he has carried on for the last 23 years. He was formerly connected with the Methodist New Connexion Church, but after the Rev. J. Maughan's death he associated himself with the Wesleyans. He died at his residence, at Plympton, at the age of 76, greatly esteemed for his upright character, and leaving a wife and several sons and daughters.

"SONG OF AUSTRALIA", South Australian Register (20 December 1878), 4

"ADELAIDE'S PIONEER MUSIC FIRM", The Register (1 October 1925), 11

Bibliography and resources:


Singer at the "Black Boy" Hotel

Active Sydney, NSW, 1844


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1844), 3


Cornet pupil (of Henry Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

STEPHEN MARSHALL (Cornet), Church-st. [pupil of Henry James Witton]


Musician, piano and harmonium tuner and repairer, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1860
Died Sydney, NSW, 18 May 1875, aged 59


"NEW MUSIC", Empire (9 November 1860), 5

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Mail (10 November 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 November 1860), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 September 1861), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1861), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1867), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 March 1870), 9

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 June 1875), 7

Musical works:

The awakened harp of Erin (New song ... by W. Marshall ... dedicated to Mr. Marmaduke Wilson) (Sydney: Musical Bouquet Office, [1860])

MARSHALL-HALL, George William Louis (G. W. L. Marshall HALL)

Composer, conductor, university professor of music

Born London, England, 28 March 1862
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 3 January 1891 (passenger per Cuzco, from London, 21 November 1890)
Died Fitzroy, VIC 18 July 1915,+G+W+L (TROVE public tag) (TROVE public tag) (NLA persistent identifier)


MARSON, Charles Latimer

Folk music collector, socialist, Anglican priest

Born UK, 16 May 1859
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 19 June 1889 (per Austral, from London)
Departed Adelaide, SA, 20 April 1892 (per Ormuz, for London)
Died UK, 3 March 1914


Summary (after Wikipedia):

Marson came to in South Australia to be curate at St. Peter's Glenelg. Marson continued to be controversial, speaking out against the treatment of the Aborigines and in favour of social reforms. In July 1889, Marson met Cecil Sharp, co-Director of the Adelaide College of Music. They became friends and in August Marson delivered a public lecture on Folk Ballads. After Marson and Sharp returned to England in 1892, they collected 977 tunes or texts of folk songs, publishing over 130 in the volumes of Folk Songs from Somerset. Adelaide


"EXTRACOLONIAL PASSENGERS", South Australian Register (24 June 1889), 3

"MODERN EDUCATION", The Advertiser (15 October 1889), 6

It is needless to add that music, which every great writer upon education (Plato, Aschain, Chelae, Mulcaster, Milton, &c., &c.) thinks so important is taught in only 260 out of 536 public and provisional South Australian schools, and that the standard is as low as the attainments are inefficient.

"PASSENGERS BY THE ORMUZ", South Australian Register (20 April 1892), 5

"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (21 April 1914), 8

"PERSONAL", The West Australian (29 April 1914), 8


Folk songs from Somerset (Gathered and edited with pianoforte accompaniment by Cecil J. Sharp and Charles L. Marson) (New York: H. W. Gray, [1900])

Bibliography and resources:

MARTIN, Alexander


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1874


[News], The Argus (23 February 1874), 5

Alexander Martin, a musician, was charged at the City Police Court, on Monday, with deserting his wife. He had taken his passage by the ship Sobraon, which sailed on Saturday for London. The wife heard of his intention to desert her, and Detective Patten was sent to bring him back from the ship. The Bench ordered him to find one surety of £50 that he would pay her 20s. per week for 12 months.


Pupil of the piano, orphan

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1838


"HORRIBLE CASE", The Cornwall Chronicle (27 October 1838), 2

A female child, named Anne Martin, an orphan, entrusted, we learn, to the guardian ship of Mr. Weston, who, for the purpose of affording her the opportunity of receiving tuition at Launceston, placed her under the care of one Courtney, a resident in Brisbane-street, has been noticed lately by many of the neighbours and other persons, to be exceedingly depressed in spirits, and seemingly to labor under some injury, the nature of which she would not communicate. A day or two since, when at school, the child could not take her usual lesson upon the piano, alleged that her finger was bad, which, upon examination, struck her teacher with horror ...

MARTIN, Robert

Bandmaster, band sergeant (99th Regiment), composer

Born 7 January 1821
Active Sydney, NSW, and Hobart, TAS, 1843-56 (with regiment)
Died London, England, 14 October 1906 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


As alluded to in both the Sydney and Hobart press in 1847, Martin introduced vocal finales to several of his band numbers:

We cannot dismiss the 99th without alluding, in terms of delighted commendation, to the performances of their exquisite Band, which that intelligent and indefatigable conductor, Mr. Martin, had organised so admirably. The Troop and Marches of Wednesday were charmingly effective-especially the slow march, which, like the quick-step which a few months since, took us by surprise, is rendered peculiarly characteristic by a marked and thrilling vocal chorus which came rushing on the ear in all the fullness of martial melody. The custom is a familiar one to the German service, but we can call to mind no British Band save the 99th's by whom it has been adopted. We trust Mr. Martin will occasionally favour us with a few of these sparkling adaptations."

A published example survives in his The chaunt quadrilles. (Piano score for 5 quadrilles, and "chaunt" for voice (treble, 2nd treble or alto, bass) and piano), included in The Delacourt bouquet (1854).

Another composition Tchernaya galop (by R. Martin, 99th) was performed in December 1855.


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

"MUSICAL NOVELTY", The Australian (12 August 1847), 3

"THE 99TH REGIMENT", The Australian (24 December 1847), 3

"FUNERAL OF SERGEANT O'BOYLE", The Courier (6 November 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

"THE BAND AND THE BAZAAR. TO THE EDITOR", Colonial Times (20 July 1855), 3

"THE BAND of the 99th Regiment", The Courier (5 December 1855), 3

Robert Martin, standing 2nd from right, Kneller Hall, 1862

Professors of the military music class, 1862; standing, from left, Hartmann (flute), Zeiss (cornet), Snelling (bassoon), Mandel (director), Robert Martin (clarinet), Mann (horn); seated from left, Hughes (ophicleide), Phasey (euphonium), Lazarus (clarinet), Barrett (oboe), Sullivan (bombardon) and Cole (schoolmaster); photograph reproduced in Herbert and Barlow, Music & the British military in the long nineteenth century, 146 (PREVIEW)

"THE MILITARY SCHOOL OF MUSIC. (From The Schools for the People, by G. C. T. Bartley)", The Musical Standard (25 July 1874), 51-52

The Military School of Music at Kneller Hall, near Hounslow, London, was established in the year 1856, for the purpose of giving a thorough musical education to such soldiers as are selected by their Commanding Officers to become more efficient members of regimental bands ... [53] ... The classes for teaching the various instruments are presided over by the very best instructors that can be obtained. It was for this reason that the school was located in the vicinity of London, so that the resources of the metropolis might be available at as little cost as possible. The payments to these masters form the largest item in the outlay of the institution, being about £1,000 a year. Among those at present employed may be mentioned Messrs. Lazarus, Park, and Martin for the clarionet; Mr. Chapman for the flute; Mr. Fowler for the oboe; Mr. Snelling for the bassoon; Mr. Mann for the French horn; Mr. Prospere for the cornet and tenor brass instruments; Mr. Cousins for the bass brass instruments; and Mr. Mandel for the theory and instrumentation, &c. ...

Headstone, Twickenham Cemetery, London Borough of Hounslow, Section A, grave no. 150

... Robert Martin born Jan 7th 1821 died Oct 14th 1906 Late Bandmaster of the 99th Regiment and for 42 years Professor of Clarionet Knellar [Kneller] Hall.

MARTIN, Thomas

Ophecleide player, bandsman (99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56
Died Sandy Bay, TAS, 22 September 1858 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 November 1853), 8

"MISCELLANEA", The Courier (8 November 1851), 2


Basso [double bass] player

Active Beechworth, VIC, 1857


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (29 January 1857), 1

"BEECHWORTH COUNTY COURT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 August 1857), 3

MARTIN, William

Bandsman (volunteer military)

Active Hobart, TAS, 1870


"LAW INTELLIGENCE ... A ROW AMONG MUSICIANS", The Mercury (17 June 1870), 2

"BOARD OF INVESTIGATION", The Mercury (20 June 1870), 2

A complaint having been made that bandsman Wm. Martin, of the H.T.V.A. band, had been guilty of insubordination, on the occasion of the band's visit to the Boyarin, after the interment of the Assistant Paymaster of that vessel, a Board of Investigation has been appointed to inquire into the circumstances of the case. The investigation will take place on Friday afternoon, in the orderly room, at the parade ground.

MARTYR, Caroline (Mrs. T. W. L. MARTYR)

Teacher of music, composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1851
Died Perth, WA, 21 April 1904


Caroline Martyr, who held a qualification from the Royal Academy of Music in London, arrived in Victoria with her surgeon husband in 1851. She was living in Ballarat in 1872 when her son, Clement, was active as a member of a Volunteer regiment. In 1873, as Mrs. T. W, L. Martyr she published the third edition of her The Victorian Volunteer waltz. There were at least 14 editions, though no attempt was ever made to correct its several errors, and, as advertised on the cover, it had also been arranged for band by "Mr. T. Ellis, Bandmaster, 1st B.V.R.". The Argus noted it together with new compositions by Alfred Anderson and Madame Onn as being "of the average order of merit in the style to which each belongs". Widowed in 1883, as Mrs. Caroline Martyr she taught music in Perth and Fremantle, Western Australia, during the 1890s, and died there.


[News], The Argus (24 November 1873), 5

"THE ACCIDENT TO THE VOLUNTEER MARTYR. To the editor ...", The Argus (22 April 1872), 7

[letter from Mrs. Caroline Martyr]; "MUSIC FEES", The West Australian (9 February 1895), 2

"MRS. CAROLINE MARTYR", Western Mail (30 April 1904), 34

"IN MEMORIAM", The West Australian (21 April 1906), 1

MARTYR. - Mrs. Caroline [Amelia] Martyr, cert. Royal Academy of Music, London, and widow of the late Dr. T. W. L. Martyr ...

MASON, Cyrus

Music lithographer, musical amateur, founder of musical societies, visual artist

Born London, England, 1829
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 27 April 1853 (per James L. Bogart, from London)
Died East Melbourne, VIC, 8 August 1915, aged 86


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (28 April 1853), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 May 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 December 1854), 1

"NEW SONG", The Argus (23 January 1855), 5

We have received a copy of an original song, published by Mr. Cyrus Mason, which has for its title The Song of the Bush. It is illustrated by a lithograph of rather primitive execution, which depicts four hirsute bush men, engaging themselves with a smoke and bottled beer, in the foreground a fifth frying chops, and three old men kangaroos hopping about in the distance.

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (1 May 1857), 5

  "DEATHS", The Argus ((11 August 1915), 1


Musical prints:

Australian song: The song of the bush ("words by Velocipede; music by Rimmer") ([Melbourne: Cyrus Mason, 1854]) [NO COPY IDENTIFIED]

Kangaroo hunt polka (Weinritter)

The Victorian waltz (Composed by Mrs. Chas. Terry) (Melbourne: Cyrus Mason. Lith, [185-?]) [copy in album collected, c.1853-1856, by Marianne Rolfe Sargood, private collection]

The Melbourne varsovienne (Melbourne: Wilkie, [185-?])


Monument in memory of N. C. Bochsa (erected by Anna Bishop over his grave in Camperdown Cemetry, 1856; drawn by E. Thomas, Cyrus Mason lithographer, Melbourne)

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999


See also Mason Family Papers (SL-VIC)

MASON, George Birkbeck (alias HOWARD)

Music teacher, quadrille pianist, teacher of the accordion and flutina, composer, actor, journalist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, ? 25 May 1850 (per Margaret, from San Francisco)
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1860
Died Thargomindah, QLD, 2 October 1899, aged 70


Having identified himself as the "Howard", a name "merely adopted by him during a brief experience of Theatrical life", Mason advertised as a teacher of flutina and accordion in Sydney in 1855. His Temperance: song and march ("Dedicated to the Committee of the Alliance for the Suppression of Intemperance") (Sydney: H. Lee, Office of the Home Companion, [1860]) appeared during his association with the temperance magazine, The Australian Home Companion and Band of Hope Journal (1859-61). Later in Brisbane he was the proprietor of the Music Hall where, among others, Lyster's opera company presented its performances.


? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1850), 2

"MARRIED", Empire (19 July 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 October 1854),1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 May 1858), 1

"TEMPERANCE SONG AND MARCH", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1860), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (20 August 1861), 1

"ROCKHAMPTON", The Courier (9 December 1861), 3

"THE OPERA", The Brisbane Courier (28 July 1865), 2

"INSOLVENCY PROCEEDINGS", The Maitland Mercury (7 January 1886), 4

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 October 1899), 1

Bibliogarphy and resources:



Amateur trombonist (St. Patrick's Total Abstinence Band)

Active, Sydney 1848


"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Sydney Chronicle (25 April 1848), 2

MASSETT, Stephen C.

Vocalist, violinist, song composer

Born England, 1820 (USA from 1837)
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, December 1856 (from California)
Departed (1), after July 1857 (for India)
Arrived (2) Hobart, May 1878 (from NZ)
Departed (2), after September 1878
Died New York, USA, 20 August 1898



Anna Bishop introduced Massett's "New Scoth Ballad" Take back the ring, dear Jamie, especially written for her, in Sydney in March 1856 (she had first sung it, and it had been published, in California in 1854), and programmed further Massett songs on her 1868-69 Australian tour, some of which were published locally in arrangements by Charles Edward Horsley, notably My Bud in heaven ("pianoforte accompaniment newly edited by C. E. Horsley; as sung by Madame Anna Bishop") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1868]). Massett himself arrived during Bishop's first tour, and his programs included his own popular "imitation of Madame Anna Bishop". Local editions of Massett's songs were issued to coincide with his first tour, notably When the moon on the lake is beaming in The Illustrated Journal of Australasia (February 1857), and Take back the ring dear Jamie ( Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857]).


"SACRAMENTO AND PLACES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1850), 3

"Editor's Table", The Pioneer or California Monthly Magazine 2 (November 1854), 314

[Advertisement], Empire (1 March 1856), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 December 1856), 1

"NEW COMPOSER", The Courier (18 December 1856), 2

"MR. STEPHEN MASSETT', The Argus (19 December 1856), 6

"CHARLIE NAPIER", The Star (22 January 1857), 2

"MR. MASSETT'S BALLAD CONCERT", South Australian Register (4 April 1857), 3

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1857), 5

"MR. MASSETT'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 May 1857), 5

"Mr. STEPHEN MASSETT'S SONGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1857), 4

"MR. STEPHEN C. MASSETT", Colonial Times (18 June 1857), 3

"NEW SONG", The Hobart Town Courier (24 June 1857), 2

"MR. STEPHEN C. MASSETT'S  ENTERTAINMENT", The Cornwall Chronicle (11 July 1857), 5

"MR. MASSETT", The Hobart Town Mercury (27 November 1857), 3

[News], The Argus (15 May 1868), 4

"MADAME ANNA BISHOP'S LAST EVENING CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (29 May 1868), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1868), 1

"NEW AND CHOICE MUSIC", The Maitland Mercury (24 December 1868), 3

"MR. STEPHEN MASSETT", The Mercury (7 May 1878), 2

"MR. MASSETT'S  ENTERTAINMENT", The Argus (5 June 1878), 6

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (10 September 1878), 4


Biographical sketch, words of the songs, ballads, &c., of the composer and vocalist, Mr. Stephen Massett, "Jeems Pipes, of Pipesville." With opinions of the press on his entertainments in England, California, Oregon, Australia, the Sandwich Islands, and the East Indies (New York: 1858)

Drifting about, or, What Jeems Pipes, of Pipesville, saw-and-did: an autobiography ... with many comic illustrations by Mullen (New York, Carelton, 1863)

MASSEY, Joseph (senior)

Choral conductor, music retailer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1856
Died Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW, 14 February 1900, in his 73rd year

MASSEY, Joseph (junior)

Organist, choral conductor, composer

Died Sydney, NSW, 30 May 1943, aged 89


Joseph Massey senior was founding conductor of the Wesleyan Sacred Choral Society in Sydney in 1856, from 1857 the Wesleyan Choral Society. He and his sons later went into business as J. Massey and Sons, music and instrument retailers, in Park Street, Sydney, in April 1881. Two other musically active sons were Arthur MASSEY and Thomas H. MASSEY.


[Advertisement], Empire (23 June 1856), 1

'WESLEYAN CHORAL SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1857), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (15 May 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1857), 1

"ORATORIO AND MUSICAL FESTIVAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1857), 5

"THE WINDSOR FIRE ... The Euphonic Choral Society", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1875), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 April 1881), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1881), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1893), 16

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 February 1900), 1

"THE LATE MR. JOSEPH MASSEY SENIOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 February 1900), 8

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 May 1943), 8

"DEATH OF MR. JOSEPH MASSEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1943), 9

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988

MATER, Charles Albert Frederick (Herr; Lt.)

Violinist, clarinettist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1850-April 1852; Melbourne, VIC, April 1852-53
Died Florence, Italy, 11 April 1875, aged 47


A colleague and friend of August Huenerbein who later took over Mater's business interests. Mater Street in Collingwood is named after him.


"DECLARATION OF CONFIDENCE IN MR. JOHN STEPHENS", South Australian Register (7 March 1850), 2s

[Advertisement], South Australian (2 April 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 April 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 April 1852), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (6 May 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 June 1852), 5

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (7 June 1852), 5

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (28 June 1852), 5

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (29 July 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 October 1852), 3

"THE FINE ARTS", The Argus (4 December 1852), 5

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (7 January 1853), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (24 July 1875), 1

[News], The Argus (14 August 1876), 4

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1877), 6

MATHEW, Daniel Dering

Amateur violin maker

Born England, 1785
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1812 (free per Clarkson)
Died St. Leonards, NSW, 13 June 1856, aged 71


On 6 October 1823, while trying to gain government work in Sydney as an architect, Mathew sent the Colonial Secretary a violin made by his own hands, and with native timbers, as an example of his skill.


"DIED", Empire (18 June 1856), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Herman Morton, Early Australian architects and their work (Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1954)

Coggins 2009


Transcriber of Indigenous songs, school-teacher, Presbyterian minister, anthropologist

Born Aberdeen, Scotland, 31 May 1849
Arrived Queensland, 1864
Died Coburg, VIC, 11 March 1929 (NLA persistent identifier)

See main entry: 

Bibliography and resources:

M. D. Prentis, Mathew, John (1849-1929), Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)


Mezzo-soprano vocalist, burlesque actor, dancer

Born England, 1842
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1854
Died St. Louis, Mo, USA, 19 May 1876 (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], Empire (25 August 1854), 1

Miss JULIA MATTHEWS, the Infant Prodigy, from the London Theatres ...

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier (8 April 1856), 2

The entertainments concluded with the Manager's Daughter, in which Miss Julia Mathews surprised and delighted the audience by personating no less than six characters; and whether she represented a growing Yankee, a blossom from the Highlands, an Irish bog trotter, a French minstrel, or a first-rate genius, she was equally successful. Her singing was excellent, her dancing graceful, in every look and gesture she stood out a perfect actress. It would be superfluous to add, but for the sake of recording the fact, that she was mightily applauded during the piece ...

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. MACBETH", The Courier (15 April 1856), 2

The banquet scene, its accessories, and novel effects pleased the audience mightily; the scene upon the heath, the subsequent transformation, the rich music of Locke, admirably vocalized by Mr. C. Walsh and Miss Julia Mathews, the flight of Hecate, and the satanic orgies in the cave of Acheron, elicited the most favourable comment.

[News], The Argus (3 November 1860), 5

The little musical drama of "The Waterman" forms the afterpiece, in which Miss Julia Mathews appears to great advantage, her singing is really excellent, and we know of few, if any, who surpass her in characters of the kind she has to fill in this and similar compositions.

"MISS JULIA MATHEWS", Illustrated Sydney News (15 June 1867), 8

Miss Matthews sails for London in the Dunbar Castle, Herr Carl Schmitt accompanying her as conductor and musical composer. Miss Mathews is gifted with a mezzo soprano voice, with a compass of three octaves. Her style is extremely unaffected, and her execution often brilliant; but whether warbling a simple ballad, or singing a difficult scena, she always succeeds in securing the admiration of her hearers. Miss Mathews' present intention is to make a tour through England, the Continent, and America, intending finally to return to Australia.

"MISS JULIA MATHEWS", Australian Town and Country Journal (16 July 1870), 24

It is reported since the arrival of the English mail that Miss Julia Mathews has separated from her husband, but about the causes of the disagreement nothing is known.

[News], Empire (11 August 1874), 2

Mr. James Mathews, father of Miss Julia Mathews, died at the residence of that well-known burlesque actress, in London, on the 17th May last. Mr. Mathews was an old resident of Sydney, and had reached the three score years and ten allotted to man when he died ...

"DEATH OF MISS JULIA MATTHEWS", The Argus (21 June 1876), 5

The news has been received by the Californian mail of the death of Miss Julia Matthews. Everybody in Australia will be sorry to hear of it, for although not a native of Australia she came out to these colonies when so young that her stage education may be said to have been entirely conducted in this part of the world. She was quite a child when she made her first appearance in this city at the old Theatre Royal, and it was not until some time afterwards that her rare vocal capabilities began to be recognised. But she steadily advanced in favour until in 1861, at the Princess's Theatre, Mr. George Fawcett being then manager, she took the position of a leading favourite. It was as Aladdin, in the extravaganza of that name, that she made her first notable impression, and from that time, whether as singing soubrette or in burlesque parts, she took a leading position. She was subsequently for some time in New Zealand, where she was married to Mr. Mumford, and for a time she retired from the stage; but she eventually returned to it, and when she came back again to Melbourne it was as a star. Her voice had then wonderfully improved, and in dash, humour, and that pleasant abandon which is such an agreeable quality in any actress she stood out with a marked distinctness. Her determination to visit England, therefore, was what everybody expected and approved. Arrived in London, she found no difficulty in procuring an engagement, and her appearance at Covent-garden Theatre as the Grand Duchess, in Offenbach's universally popular opera-bouffe, at once established her in favour with the metropolitan public. From that time she has been a pronounced favourite, and in continued request. One of her latest successes has been Clairette, in "La Fille de Madame Angot". Her death will cause a feeling of deep regret, for besides being most deservedly popular on the stage, she was greatly liked in private for her bright, cheery, unaffected manner.

"A BOOKSELLER'S SHOP. BY MARCUS", The Inquirer & Commercial News (5 December 1877), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Jean Gittens, Mathews, Julia (1842-1876), Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

Associations: Carl Schmitt (her music director)


Musician (Burton's band)

Active Beechworth, VIC, 1855


"CIRCUS MUSIC", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 February 1855), 6

MAUGHAN, William


Active Launceston, TAS, 1854


"DISTURBING THE PEACE", Launceston Examiner (25 April 1854), 2

MAUM, William James (junior)

Amateur violinist

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1831
Died Hobart, TAS, 6 April 1901, in his 70th year


William James Maum, senior (1780-1859) was exiled to NSW and later to Norfolk Island for his part in the Wicklow uprising of the United Irishmen in 1798. He was a Protestant but at this time they had joined with the Catholics to defy the English landlords. A violin by Thomas Wiggins (senior) is inscribed "Wm. Maum, 1850, Tasmania". William Maum, junior, was born on Norfolk Island and arrived in Van Diemen's Land with his parents four years later than Thomas Wiggins. William Maum's diary for February 1850 records, "I bought a violin and case for £3.0.0 and gave the remainder of my wages to my mother". He had just returned from the gold rush in California.


"DEATHS", The Mercury (9 April 1901), 1


William Maum, Tasmanian Records, NG1489

Bibliography and resources:

L. L. Robson, Maum, William James (1780-1850), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Freda Gray, "Music of the early settlements of the 1800s", Papers and Proceedings (Tasmanian Historical Research Association) 43/2 (June 1996), 59-62

MAXEY, Jane (Jane Sarah LAMERT; Mrs. Edwin MAXEY)

Teacher of music and singing

Born Margate, Kent, England, 8 August 1831; baptised St. Mary's, Whitechapel, 14 September 1831 (daughter of George and Harriet Lamert)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, January 1856
Married Edwin Maxey, St. Peter's, Cook's River, NSW, 20 February 1857
Active Launceston, TAS, by late 1859
Died Arncliffe, NSW, 28 November 1912, aged 81


Jane Maxey advertised that in "music her masters were Kiallmark and Sterndale Bennett, and in singing Sola and Crivelli". The Kiallmark in question was probably the pianist and teacher George Frederick Kiallmark (1804-1887), son of the composer George Kiallmark, and important as an English disciple of Chopin. Her other claimed masters "for singing" were Domenico Crivelli (c.1795-1856) and the guitarist Charles Michael Sola (1786-1857),


"ARRIVALS", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (7 January 1856), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1856), 8 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1857), 1 

"MARRIED", Empire (24 February 1857), 4 

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (18 December 1860), 1 

MRS. MAXEY, of Broadland House, will after the Christmas vacation receive pupils for Italian (Tuscan). French (Parisian), German, music; with composition, singing, and English generally. Dec. 18.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (29 December 1860), 1 

MRS. MAXEY, Broadland House, will receire a few pupils, for Italian, French, Music, Singing, and English generally. In Music her masters were Kiallmark and Sterndale Bennett, and in singing Sola and Crivelli. December 28.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (2 January 1877), 1 

MRS. MAXEY will be ready to receive music and singing pupils after the 18th of January, 1877. Apply to Mrs. Maxey, at the house of Rumpff, Esq., Lyttletton street.

"DEATHS", Examiner (13 December 1912), 1 

MAXEY. - On the 28th November, at the residence of her son-in-law, Mr. C. J. Cameron, Arncliffe, Sydney, Jane Sarah, relict of the late Edwin Maxey, M.A., in her 82nd year.

Bibliography and resources:

Ellsworth 2016, 243

MAY, Elsa (Miss THOMPSON; Mrs. Boothroyd FAIRCLOUGH)

Soprano vocalist

Born Melbourne, VIC, ?
Arrived Townsville, QLD, February 1880 (from Singapore)

Elsa May, 1880


1880-02-28: The Shakespearian and operatic entertainments given by Mr. Fairclough and Miss May at the School of Arts Theatre, on Thursday and last evening, were much beyond anything of the kind that has ever been witnessed in Mackay. Mr. Faircough is a first-class actor. Miss May is a well finished and accomplished vocalist, and is fairly entitled to the honour of being "Prima Donna of the East." . . .

1880-04-26: The Opera house was filled on Saturday night by an audience eager to make acquaintance with the debutante, Miss Elsa May, concerning whom report had been busy with favourable rumours. Balfe's admirable opera, "Satanella," was the work chosen for representation . . . Elsa May is the nom de theatre adopted by the young lady who played the part of Satanella on Saturday night We are informed that she is a native of this city and that during the last four or five years she has been travelling in India and the East in the exercise of her profession as the leading lady of a dramatic and musical company. In facial appearance she is intelligent and very pleasing in figure petite and at present apparently of delicate physique, she speaks her words with rare deliberation for a vocalist, and shows that she knows how to carry herself upon the stage. Her voice is a pure soprano of a round and flute like quality, and produced in fine volume and apparently with perfect ease as far as we heard it - namely, to the very high note D in alt, which she sang in the duet between Ahrimanes and Satanella in the third act. Miss Elsa May is fortunate in the possession of an organ of rare quality and one which is well equalised throughout the whole register. It is perfectly free from vibration, and is altogether a most sweet organ to listen to. A profound silence fell upon the audience as she commenced (in the scene of "The Demon's Tower ) the recitative, "Myself once more, the page I cease to play," and the admirable quality of her pure tones made itself felt in every ear. The more rhythmic movement, " There's a power whose sway" - generally known as "The Power of Love" - was taken in well measured tempo, and with admirably clear delivery, the value of every word, and every tone was given with such intelligent and sympathetic phrasing as was especially grateful to those who attach due weight to that important branch of vocalisation. The charm of this performance was complete, and the young singer was enthusiastically applauded. Amidst cheers and bravas and much stamping and hand clapping she was literally pelted with bouquets and wreaths - the latter, from the number of them, showing that many friends had come prepared to recognise the native talent of a young and gifted townswoman. The approval was unanimous and emphatic throughout the whole house, no matter whether it was spontaneous or premeditated, it expressed unbounded admiration, and was fairly won by the charming young singer. The curtain was raised upon the conclusion of this act (the musical finale to which was not well managed), and after that the young prima donna was honoured with a special recall. The quality of her performance and her reception in the first act may be taken as the measure of her success through out the entire opera. Satanella is one of the most arduous parts through out the whole range of English opera - the heavy work to be performed when on the stage, and the constant changing of dress when behind the scenes, taxing the best energies of the most robust of performers. Miss May, although of slight physique stood this test well, singing with great brilliancy and power in the duet before referred to and giving splendid effect to the final trio, in which her solo passages were marked with excellent musical feeling, and most satisfactory histrionic power. The only want which we could name in connexion with this young lady's first appearance ia one which may not be felt when she shall have over come the nervousness inseparable from such an occasion, namely, a slight lack of warmth in some situations wherein such a display would have been conducive to higher effect, but we may refer more particularly to the subject at some other time should it appear to us that it still requires notice. Miss May was recalled after each act except the third (wherein the thunderbolt was mismanaged, and the climax marred) and may be congratulated upon having made a genuine and legitimate success . . .

1880-06-30: Miss Elsa May (Mrs B. Fairclough) recently made her debut in opera in Melbourne, in connection with Mr. W. S. Lyster's company, and is very highly spoken of. Mrs Fairclough is a sister of Mr. J. Thompson the talented leader of the Mammoth Orchestra, and whose violin solos were much appreciated here.

1899-01-06: WHEN the run of The Belle of New York is over, Mr. George Musgrove intends to produce another musical comedy of the same type, The American Beauty, in which Miss Elsa May, the Australian prima donna is to appear. In private life Miss May is Mrs Fairclough, wife of the once well-known tragedian.


"Townsville", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (7 February 1880), 2

[News], Mackay Mercury and South Kennedy Advertiser (28 February 1880), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 April 1880), 12

"THE OPERA. SATANELLA", The Argus (26 April 1880), 6

"BIRTHS", The Argus (28 June 1800), 1

"THEATRICAL NOTES", Launceston Examiner (30 June 1880), 3

"THE FAIRCLOUGH ENTERTAINMENT", Gippsland Times (7 May 1884), 3

"On and off the Stage", Table Talk (6 January 1899), 8

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 September 1906), 4

MAY, John

Bandsman 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1823-1827

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

MAYCOCK, Mrs. (? Eliza TRIGG; Mrs. Bayly MAYCOCK)

Amateur musician, vocalist

Active Perth, WA, 1845
Died Perth, WA, 8 December 1891


"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

The next was an exquisite air, and trio, of Fitzpatrick, "Father of Mercy", very beautifully sung by Mrs. Maycock, Miss A. Trigg, and Mr. G. Nash ...

? "Arrival of the Mail Steamer 'Shanghai'", Inquirer (25 May 1853), 1s

"A PUBLIC Tea-Metting", The Inquirer (14 October 1857), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

"ENTERTAINMENT", The Inquirer (30 August 1871), 3

[Advertisement], The Inquirer (6 March 1872), 2

"AMATEUR CONCERT", The Perth Gazette (8 March 1872), 3

"THE DORCAS SOCIETY'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Inquirer (22 November 1876), 3

? "Deaths", The West Australian (16 December 1891), 4

[News], The Inquirer (9 December 1891), 2

MAYNARD, Hamilton

Musician, teacher, organist, choral director (pupil of Thomas Helmore)

Active Sale, VIC, by 1876
Died Manly, NSW, 6 August 1876, aged 80


[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (10 June 1876), 2

"MURRUNUNDI. ST. PAUL'S CHURCH", The Maitland Mercury (10 July 1880), 6s

"Tamworth Items", Evening News (19 December 1884), 6

"St. David's Cathedral", The Mercury (21 July 1886), 2

"MR. HAMILTON MAYNARD, F.G.C.M.", The Muswellbrook Chronicle (9 August 1927), 2

"MR. HAMILTON MAYNARD", The Maitland Weekly Mercury (13 August 1927), 6


Thomas Helmore 



Active Melbourne, VIC, 1863


"LAW REPORT", The Argus (12 March 1863), 7

IN RE JOHN MAYNARD. The insolvent, a music-seller of Melbourne was in attendance. No creditors appeared, and the meeting closed.


? Bandsman, cornopean player (Band of the 58th Regiment)

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1844-45

See also Band of the 58th Regiment


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1844), 2

"PARRAMATTA. POLICE OFFICE", The Australian (28 December 1844), 3

"PARRAMATTA. POLICE OFFICE", The Australian (13 February 1845), 4

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1845), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Maitland Mercury (13 June 1849), 3

MEARES, Thomas


Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1832


[News], The Hobart Town Courier (23 July 1831), 2

MEARS, Sarah


Active Sydney, NSW, by 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

"TO THE EDITOR OF THE SATIRIST", The Satirist and Sporting Chronicle (4 February 1843), 3

"THEATRIRCALS", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (26 February 1848), 2 

Our crowded space forbids a lengthy critique this week on "things theatrical;" nevertheless, we cannot refrain from briefly adverting to the very favourable impression made on Monday evening last by Miss Mears, of the corps vocale, who, in the character of a youthful savoyard, in William Tell, introduced that delightful Swiss Melody, "I'm a merry Switzer Boy" with marked success. This pains-taking and clever young lady, was a pupil, we believe, of Mr. Nathan and Mrs. Bushelle.

"THE REVOLT OF THE WILIS", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (8 April 1848), 2

... little Sarah Mears found that she had all the parts to herself, and by her skilful adaptation of the awkward circumstance, afforded good promise for the future ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1850), 2 

MEGSON, Joseph Milner

Professor of Music, violinist, orchestra leader, organist, music-seller, composer

Baptised Holy Trinity, Kingston-upon-Hull, Yorkshire, England, 5 February 1822
Arrived Launceston, 22 November 1842 (per Royal Saxon, from London and Cork)
Died Melbourne, 15 August 1870 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


According to a report on his death, "Joseph Megson, professor of music, [died at Melbourne Hospital] aged 47, native of Yorkshire; arrived in 1834 by the Royal Saxon; died August 15 [1870], of hepatic." However, while the ship is correct, the year was 1842, and, as stated in his first advertisement in Launceston in December 1842, Megson had just arrived from England. He was based in Tasmania until 1850, then largely in Melbourne. Megson frequently performed solo violin variations in concerts.

He is also documented as composer of songs and dances, all lost, including I knew him in his childhood (song; words: Mr. Reynolds) in Melbourne in January 1850, New song ("Written by Mr. Belfield, and the music composed by Mr. Megson"), in July 1850, Quadrille The prince of Wales ("Vocal Finale composed by J. Megson"), in August 1859, and The pretty coquette ("composed expressly for the occasion"; words; Mr. Cox) in Hobart in January 1855. His one surviving work is the Excelsior polka ("Composed, and most respectfully dedicated to his friend, J. F. Jones, Esq."), named after the Excelsior Hotel, Melbourne, and published by himself in Melbourne in March 1860.

In August 1860 he attempted to commit suicide, and in April 1861 was newly insolvent.


"Shipping Intelligence", Launceston Examiner (23 November 1842), 4

[Advertisement], Launceston Courier (12 December 1842), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (15 December 1842), 3

"CONCERT", Launceston Advertiser (2 February 1843), 2

"ORGANIST", Launceston Examiner (12 July 1845), 3

"ST. JOHN'S CHURCH ORGANIST", The Cornwall Chronicle (12 July 1845), 2

"ORGANIST OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH", The Cornwall Chronicle (23 July 1845), 15

"ORGANIST OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH", The Cornwall Chronicle (26 July 1845), 24

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Argus (12 June 1846), 3

"MARRIAGES", Launceston Examiner (10 July 1847), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 January 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 July 1850), 3

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (28 August 1850), 7

"CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (31 August 1850), 6

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (11 September 1850), 7

[Advertisement], The Courier (25 January 1855), 2

"NEW POLKA", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (5 March 1860), 3

"ATTEMPT TO COMMIT SUICIDE", The Argus (10 August 1860), 3

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (29 April 1861), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (22 August 1870), 4

"MISCELLANEOUS", The Cornwall Chronicle (10 September 1870), 16

"DEATHS IN MELBOURNE HOSPITAL", The Argus (10 September 1870), 2s


Professor of music, pianist, organist, orchestral conductor, composer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by January 1876 ("recently from Paris, late of the Conservatoire")  
Departed Adelaide, SA, April 1882
Died Naples, Italy, 4 June 1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1876), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 February 1877), 1

"SUMMARY OF NEWS FOR TRANSMISSION ...", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1877), 7

"MONS. MEILHAN'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1877), 4

It remains to speak of Mons. Meilhan's own composition, which certainly formed some of the most interesting features of the concert. The first was a fantasia for pianoforte with orchestral accompaniment. To this Mr. Moss did full justice, though he was rather overweighted by the orchestra ... the matter of accompaniments mentioned now because it affected seriously the performance both of the piano solo and of the vocal quartet. Mons Meilhan's overture "The Misers" has already been favourably noticed, and it is, and should become, the bienvenu at all concerts here. Last evening M. Meilhan also introduced the first number in the opera, which, it is satisfactory to know, is nearly ready for production. This first number is a duet in which the leading tenor and soprano, who according to rule, are the hero and heroine, give some idea of the plot they have against the old miser, who is the heroine's father. ... The quartet referred to is a more ambitious effort, and deserves another hearing before pronouncing a definite judgment upon it. It contains abundance of harmony, and the composer has undoubtedly devoted great care to his work, while he evidently enjoys the full orchestration which surrounds the voices. Indeed Mons. Meilhan imposes no slight task on the instruments in any of his compositions. He writes apparently for each instrument as if it were a speciality, and expects each one to do its duty.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1879), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1879), 2

"SYDNEY INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1879), 6

"THE MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1879), 7

"THE MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1879), 2

"M. MEILHAN'S HISTORICAL CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (16 August 1880), 8

"MONS. MEILHAN'S SOLEMN MASS", South Australian Register (23 December 1880), 6

"M. JULES MEILHAN, B.A.", The South Australian Advertiser (29 March 1882), 5

The farewell matinee concert tendered by the members of the Adelaide String Quartet Club to M. Meilhan, on the eve of his departure from South Australia for Italy, and which is advertised to take place on Thursday afternoon, March 30, at the Academy of Music, promises to be a great success, both in points of quality and attendance. The large circle of friends that M. Meilhan has gained during his residence in this colony, privately and professionally, will not allow him to take leave without testifying to their admiration of his abilities (both as a composer and as an instrumentalist) in some tangible form ... Although be has only resided in Adelaide for two years, M. Meilhan has during that time thoroughly ingratiated him self with all musical circles, and whether in the capacity of performer, composer, or instructor, he has invariably given his aid on all occasions when his services have been required. As a musician he has reigned supreme during his stay amongst us. His performances and compositions have always been successfully carried out, and the ex ample be has set in forwarding the musical interests of the city has given an impetus to the somewhat lukewarm appreciation of high-class music that unhappily exists in Adelaide, and has otherwise effected a considerable amount of good that merits public recognition. M. Meilhan has stayed in the colonies for seven years, five of which he spent in New South Wales. During this period he has composed several pieces, amongst which the best known to our readers will be his choral and orchestral solemn mass, the Exhibition Cantata, and two orchestral marches. Besides these he has composed several pianoforte studies, and a few songs, four movements of symphonies, four orchestral overtures, two small operettas in one act, one small opera comique, and a sacred mass for bass solo, choir, and orchestra. In addition to these. M. Meilhan has lately composed a 1st Quartet in D minor, which he has dedicated to the Adelaide String Quartet Club, and which will be performed for the first time on Thursday at the Academy. We have had an opportunity of examining this work, which is of more than average merit, and considering that the author only commenced it early last month and finished it on March 9, the composition affords another strong proof of the high musical abilities possessed by the composer. It is quite original, and for a first attempt will be highly thought of by the critics who hear it on Thursday. As a composition it is hardly as meritorious as the Solemn Mass, which, it may be remembered, was performed with great success in the Town Hall on Christmas Day, 1880, and on Good Friday, 1881; but as the two subjects are so entirely dissimilar it is perhaps hardly fair to draw any comparison between them. The work under notice is in four movements; the first, allegro vivo, treated in the sonata form; i.e., with the two principal subjects exposed, first singly and then developed thematically, and by means of double counterpoint circulating freely through the four instruments, is scarcely as meritorious as the other three. The second repeat of this movement is certainly superior to the first, there being considerably more freedom of form, whereas the introduction seems a trifle stiff. The second movement, andante, to which the composer has added the word madrigale, is from a technical point of view undoubtedly the best in the work. Each instrument moves melodically throughout in canonic imitation, like voices in a vocal concerted piece, and the harmonics are carefully studied and good. This movement is in F, with a secondary subject in D major. The third movement, scherzo moderato, is a sort of dispute, so to speak, between the four instruments, but chiefly between the first violin and cello. This effect is obtained by means of a double counterpoint closely written. The subjects are occasionally reversed, i.e., when the notes of one part are ascending at certain intervals the notes of the other part progress downwards at the same intervals, and vice versa. This movement is the most elaborately written of the four, though we prefer the compilation of its predecessor. The fourth movement-finale, vivace masquerade, is in complete contrast to the others. It is in the rondo style, and consequently more free than the first and third. The subjects are taking, though there is nothing particularly new or striking about them. Towards the end there are some curious passages, in which the subjects of the other movements occasionally seem to creep in miscellaneously in recapitulatory style. The finale is very good. It is somewhat difficult to thoroughly judge of the merits of a composition without hearing it performed, though a fairly correct idea may be obtained from an inspection of the manuscript. That the quartet by whom it will be treated will do it justice cannot be doubted, and we opine that M. Meilhan's Opus No. 1 will be very favorably received. Amongst the pieces to be performed on Thursday is Hummel's concerto in A minor by double quartet, which in itself, if well performed, will be a great treat, and M. Meilhan himself will appear twice in piano solos, the selections he proposes to play being: (a) Romance in D (Heller); (b) "Danse des fees" (Prudent). 2. (a) Arabesque (Schumann); (6) "Mazurka des Salons" (Meilhan). M. Meilhan sails for Naples, where he intends resuming his professional duties, in about ten days' time, and it is gratifying to know that his medical advisers are of opinion that his visit to Australia has permanently benefited his health.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (11 July 1882), 4

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (15 July 1882), 16

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1882), 5

A SHORT time ago a telegram from South Australia announced the death, at Naples, of M. Jules Meilhan, who was well known in Sydney as a pianist, and who was as much liked for his amiable disposition as appreciated for his musical talents. From letters received by the last mail we learn that he was under the impression that the journey from Adelaide to Italy had improved his health, and he was sanguine of his future. His parents arrived from France to greet him. He received them with exuberant joy, but the excitement was too much for him; a blood vessel in the lungs burst, and he died in less than fifteen minutes. His numerous friends in Sydney will not fail to sympathise with his widow, who, with their adopted child, purposes to return to France.

Musical works:

Grand march Advance Australia (1879)

Exhibition march (Adelaide: S. Marshall, [188-])

Les avares no. 3 (song) (The Australian Magazine No. 2 Music Supplement) (Sydney: E. Cyril Haviland, 1880)

Messe solennelle (à 4 voix et orchestre) ([?]: Lissarrague, [?])

Other works:

"On music (lecture by M. Jules Meilen)", Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 12 (1878), 281-92

Bibliography and resources:

"Meilhan, Jules (?-1882)", Obituaries Australia 

MEILLON, Teresa (Miss Teresa CURTIS; Mrs. John MEILLON; Mrs. Theo BOESEN)

Pianist, pupil of Boulanger, piano teacher

Go to main page Harry Parsons and his Curtis family descendents 

MELBA, Nellie (Helen Porter MITCHELL; Mrs. Charles ARMSTONG; Madame MELBA)

Soprano vocalist

Born Richmond, VIC, 19 May 1861
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 23 February 1931 (NLA persistent identifier)


Bibliography and resources:

Jim Davidson, "Melba, Dame Nellie (1861-1931)", Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)


Soprano vocalist

Born Philadelphia, PA, USA, 19 January 1851
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 23 July 1875 (on the City of Melbourne, from San Francisco)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, August 1876
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 5 June 1882 (on the City of Sydney, from San Francisco)
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, 23 September 1884
Died San Francisco, CA, USA, 20 May 1932"Emilie+Melville" (TROVE search)


1875-08-28: . . . Bidding "bon voyage" to Madame Ristori, we have to welcome Mr. W. Lyster, who restores to us Giroflé and Girofla, those twin sisters who left so favourable an impression upon the music-loving public of Sydney. But Girofle la premiere in the person of Miss Clara Thompson returns no more, and Girofla la seconde appears in the person of Miss Emilie Melville, and this lady has already made a favourable impression upon the public mind. With a delicate and somewhat petite form, and an intelligent, if not pretty face, this young lady made her first appearance in a blue satin saque of the most extensive style, and was warmly received by the expectant audience. She was at first slightly nervous, but soon succeeded in regaining her composure, and sang the air "Dearest Papa" very effectively, and was warmly applauded. Her change of costume from blue to pink was very rapidly effected, and her reappearance on the stage again the signal for applause. She sang the second portion of her song more confidently, and consequently better than the first. On her re-appearance in her bridal costume, which although very rich in appearance was in the style of the most extravagant recent fashion - having an immense train, which only served to impede the movements of the actress herself as well as those who had in any way to approach her, in fact, the whole dress seemed really too weighty for the fragile-looking lady who wore it. Miss Melville seemed fully able to do justice to the music aa well as the dialogue of the character, and by her expressive by play added much to the excellence of the varied scenes. Her voice is very clear, and her musical ability of no mean order, while her very distinct enunciation may be commended as a study to many in the same profession. Altogether this young lady may be regarded as an acquisition to Mr. Lyster's talented company . . .

1884-12-08: A Disastrous Trip. SYDNEY, Saturday. News has been received that during the trip of the Emilie Melville Company to India, Mrs. Farley, wife of the well-known basso, and a Mrs. Scott, one of the chorus, died, and Mr. Van Ghile [Ghele], the conductor, went mad. Verdi, the baritone, was struck down with fever, and it was reported that he also had died, but the rumour has been contradicted. It is also said that when the letter containing this sad news was read, Emilie Melville herself had been seized with fever, and was lying in a delirious and dying state.

1884-09-20: The troubles of Miss Emilie Melville are over. She was to have been examined to-day, but trustees forwent by arrangement, and the actress will be enabled to leave with her company for India on the 23rd instant, unmolested.

1884-10-01: An inquest was held to-day on the body of a youth named Smart, who drowned himself in the River Yarra, for love of Miss Emilie Melville. The deceased was only 15 years of age.

1886 (Fergus Hume): Fitzgerald found Madge seated at the piano in the drawing-room playing one of Mendelssohn's Songs without Words. "What a dismal thing that is you are playing, Madge," he said lightly, as he sank into a seat beside her. "It is more like a funeral march than anything else." "Gad, so it is," said Felix, who came up at this moment. "I don't care myself about 'Op. 84' and all that classical humbug. Give me something light - 'Belle Helene,' with Emelie Melville, and all that sort of thing." "Felix!" said his wife, in a stern tone . . .

1911-02-04: Miss Melville first came to Australia in 1875, and made her initial appearance on October 6 in "Girofle-Girofla" at the Opera house, and at once became an immense favourite, by the vivacity of manner, naturalness of her acting, dainty humour, and admirable command she held over her sweet, flexible, and well-trained voice. In short, she took Melbourne by storm. She was the original Serpolette in "Les Cloches de Corneville," and she played in "Boccacio," "The Grand Duchess," and "The Royal Middy." She returned to Australia in 1882, and played "La Perichole," "Les Cloches de Corneville," and "Boccacio" with all her old charm.


"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1875), 4

"THEATRICAL MEMORANDA: ENGLISH AND AMERICAN", The Australasian (20 June 1868), 19

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal ( 28 August 1875), 20

"Amusements", Evening News (6 September 1875), 2

"SHIPPING GAZETTE", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (26 August 1876), 270

"OUR LETTER HOME", The Australasian (2 September 1876), 17

"ARRIVAL OF THE CALIFORNIAN MAIL AT SYDNEY", The South Australian Advertiser (5 June 1882), 5

"VICTORIA", Australian Town and Country Journal (20 September 1884), 12

"MELBOURNE", Mackay Mercury and South Kennedy Advertiser (1 October 1884), 2

"A Disastrous Trip", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (8 December 1884), 2

"Miss Emelie Melville", Table Talk (19 June 1891), 16

"MISS EMILIE MELVILLE", The Australasian (4 February 1911), 30

"EMELIE MELVILLE', Sunday Times (16 March 1913), 22

"REMINISCENCES OF THE STAGE", Referee (29 August 1917), 14

Bibliography and resources:

Fergus Hume, The mystery of a hansom cab (1886), modern edition online

MELVYN, James Hadock

Minstrel, musician, vocalist, violinist, viola player, teacher of music

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1863
Died Launceston, TAS, 1 March 1876

1874-12-16:Anthony Nish, born in the Gallowgate, Newcastle-on-Tyne, was a schoolfellow of Mr. J. H. Melvyn, now of Launceston, and they were members of the same choir. Nish went to America when young and returned to England with the original Christy Minstrels- managed by Rayner and Pierce. They were joined by Mr. Melvyn and made a brilliant and highly successful tour through the three kingdoms, and then went on the continent. They had the honor of performing before the late Emperor Maximilian at the Tulleries.

Obituary: For some months Mr. James Hadock Melvyn, the well-known professor of music, has been in failing health, and on Wednesday he died at his residence in the Quadrant. Mr. Melvyn first arrived here as a member of the Original Christy Minstrels, and about ten years ago he returned, accompanied by late late Mr. Linley Norman and Miss Liddle. Both gentlemen settled here, following the musical profession. Mr. Melvyn was for years choir master of the choirs at Trinity and St. Paul's churches, Launceston. He was leader of one Launceston Choral Society, and of the Orpheus Musical Union. He has taught ladies in the highest families in the northern districts in singing. He has taken a leading part in very many of the best concerts given in Launceston. Having been a choir singer when a boy at, we believe, the Durham Cathedral, he was passionately fond of high class church music. He conducted the music at the opening of the new Protestant Church at Evandale, and the Church of Holy Trinity at Westbury. Mr. Melvyn had been a most successful puller at regattas in the old country, having been born at Newcastle-on-Tyne, and he was possessed at the time of his death of seven silver cups and trophies, which he valued highly as testimonials of his prowess in his younger days. We believe he never married, or probably his life would have been prolonged far beyond the age at which he died 40 years. He has been present at every regatta at Launceston, Longford, and Perth, except the last one, since he took up his abode here. Mr. Melvyn was a genial, kind hearted, amiable man. A gentleman who never said a word or performed an act offensive to any of the numerous delicate minded young ladies he had the honor to teach the art of singing. Of all the wide range of friends and acquaintances Mr. Melvyn made in this colony, we believe not one will hear of his decease without feeling a pang of regret . . .


[Advertisement], The Argus (30 January 1863), 8

"CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Freeman's Journal (6 May 1863), 6

"CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", The Mercury (12 June 1863), 2

"GRAND CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 September 1872), 2

"DEATH OF MR. ANTHONY NISH", The Cornwall Chronicle (16 December 1874), 2

"CHRISTY MINSTRELS", Launceston Examiner (8 May 1875), 5

"THE LATE J. H. MELVYN", Launceston Examiner (2 March 1876), 2

"DEATH OF MR. J. H. MELVYN", The Cornwall Chronicle (3 March 1876), 3


See Madame ELMBLAD


Soprano vocalist (pupil of Madame Sara Flower and Mr. Coleman Jacobs)

Active Melbourne, VIC, May 1861 to April 1863


[Advertisement], The Argus (3 May 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (4 May 1861), 4

The event of the evening was the successful debut of Miss Isoline Mercante. Her appearance and manner are decidedly engaging, at her voice is a rich soprano, clear and bell-like in its tones, and which, with practice, will probably acquire great power an[d] brilliancy ... As a ballad singer, Miss Mercante will certainly become deservedly popular, but we shall look for great results from the continuance of her studies. Mr. C. Jacobs accompanied Miss Mercante on the pianoforte.

"SUMMARY FOR EUROPE. MUSIC, THE OPERA, &c.", The Argus (25 October 1862), 5

[News], The Argus (24 April 1863), 5


Clergyman, songwriter, amateur musician, diarist

Born Bristol, England, 7 September 1816
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 15 June 1850 (on the Lady McNaughten, from Plymouth, 24 February)
Departed 25 August 1853 (on the Pauline, for Singapore)
Died Venice, Italy, 18 June 1896


Mereweather served as an Anglican chaplain in Tasmania and New South Wales. While in Sydney, in May 1853, a song with words by him, See love's web around thee weaving, to music by Miss Murphy, was published by W. J. Johnson. Unfortunately, Mereweather's published diary makes no mention of the song or its composer. Of far greater interest are the many intelligent references in his published diary to professional and amateur musicians and music making (such as the Winterbottom concert described below), and colonial people and society generally.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (17 June 1850), 2

"COLONIAL CHURCH", The Courier (1 January 1851), 3

"LIFE ON BOARD AN EMIGRANT SHIP", Colonial Times (14 December 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 February 1853), 3

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1853), 4

"Some Experiences with Aborigines", Narandera Argus and Riverina Advertiser (1 August 1944), 1


John Davis Mereweather, Life on board an emigrant ship, being a diary of a voyage to Australia (London: T. Hatchard, 1852)

See love's web around thee weaving (A Song, the poetry by the Rev. J. D. Mereweather, B.A. The music composed, and dedicated to Mrs. Alfred Stephen, by Miss Murphy) (Sydney: W. J. Johnson and Co., [1853])

John Davis Mereweather, Diary of a working clergyman in Australia and Tasmania kept during the years 1850-1853; including his return to England by way of Java, Singapore, Ceylon, and Egypt (London: Hatchard and Co., 1859)

(254) ... [Sydney] May 26 [1853]. Went to a concert. Haydn's "Surprise" was deliciously played. The audience behaved remarkably well, and applauded in the right place.

Bibliography and resources:

John Barrett, From Bristol trade to a gentleman of Venice: the story of J. D. Mereweather (typescript, c.1977), National Library of Australia, Canberra, MS 9453, Folder 21

edited and digitised edition (Ole Pein)

Ole Pein, John Davis Mereweather, 2003-15



MERRITT, William

Musician, organist, ? blind organist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 November 1831 (per Lotus, from London via Hobart Town)


"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 November 1831), 2 

From London via Hobart Town, yesterday evening, the ship Lotus, Captain Summerson. Lading, merchandise. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Manning, Mr. and Miss Merritt, William and Frederick Merritt ...

[News], The Sydney Herald (5 December 1831), 4

The beautiful organ at St. James's Church, Sydney, will no longer remain shut up for the want of a performer; a gentleman of the name of Merritt, who arrived in the Lotus, having been engaged for that purpose. Mr. M. is quite blind, but is a perfect master of the organ. He entered upon his duties yesterday. We are informed that the trumpet-stop has come out, by a late arrival, and will be fixed up as soon as possible.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (6 December 1831), 3

A Mr. Merritt, who arrived by the Lotus, has been appointed organist of St. James's Church. He commenced his duties on Sunday last, and making due allowances for the want of practice, necessarily subsequent on a long sea-voyage, displayed talent of no mean order.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (7 December 1831), 1

The Choir of St. James's Church are once more assisted by the Organ, which has for a length of time been a mere ornament to the Church. The present organist is a son of Mr. William Merritt of George-street, who has lately emigrated to the Colony.

[News], The Australian (9 December 1831), 3

A Mr. Merritt has been inducted into his duties of the organ loft at St. James's. He made his coup d'essai on Sunday last, from which we should not be at all disposed to infer that the unuse [?] has gained by the succession of this gentleman to Mr. Pearson. A trumpet-stop recently arrived will add to the mellow base of this organ. Mr. Merritt by no means belies his name, however, for though stone blind, his faculties of locomotion, dexterity of finger, and fineness of ear are [?] mediocrity.

Invoice, William Merritt, to churchwardens, St. James, 22 January 1832, CSLC, NSW Archives, 4/374B, no. 637 (transcr. in Rushworth 1988, 364)

Mr. Wm. Merritt to W. Lily and T. Parton Thirty two days work Tuning and Repairing the Organ and fixing Trumpet Stop in same at St. James's Church at Six Shillings and Eight Pence per day, £10. 13. 4.

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Monitor (31 July 1833), 3 

TO THE EDITOR OF THE SYDNEY MONITOR. SIR, I sometimes hear the Organ of St. James's Church in an evening in the week day, played by some one who pulls out all the stops. The effect is awfully delightful. But I never hear the whole power of this beautiful instrument on the sabbath, when its full rich tones are calculated to excite the sublimest feelings.

There is another great fault in the Sunday player of this instrument. Except in the first and last verses of each psalm, he plays in so low a key, that nobody who does not wish to to make himself conspicuous, can venture to join in the psalmody. The only singers are the school girls and boys, & they sing very badly. The object of having an Organ in the Church, I have always understood, was, to command such a volume of tone as would enable all modest attendants to join in the singing; the congregation, therefore, ought to be incited to join a full organ, and not to be discouraged by a tone no louder than an itenerant organ grinder. The Sunday player of St. James's Organ ought to play the first, second, & third verses, with the same stops as he at present does the first and last; and for the last verse, as a grand chorus in praise of Almighty God, he should use that grand and sublime stop, the Trumpet stop. I am, Sir, yours, &c. X Y Z.

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Monitor (10 August 1833), 4

TO THE EDITOR OF THE SYDNEY MONITOR, Monday, August 5, 1833. SIR, HAVING been publicly questioned by a relation of Mr. Merrit's, the organist of St. James's if I was not the author of a letter containing some observations on that gentleman's organ playing, and which appeared in your Paper of Wednesday last, signed X.Y.Z., I hope you will do me the justice to state, that you never received from me a single line or statement either regarding Mr. Merrit's playing, or the mode in which the singing part of the service is conducted. I always considered it too delicate a matter for a person who was once organist of St. James's, to criticise publicly the performance of another, filling the same situation. The question put to me I consider a very rude one, and the party, from his liberal education, ought to have known better, especially, as he had a direct mode of ascertaining the truth, by application to you. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, JAMES PEARSON.

[Mr. Pearson was not the author of the letter alluded to. We hope Mr. Merrit will not take it amiss, but adopt the writer's suggestions, in which we fully agree. We have ourselves been waiting to hear the trumpet stop since it was put up, but as the greatest volume of wound of late never exceeded what we used to hear when Mr. Pearson used to play the organ, we suppose Mr. Merrit seldom or never plays this grand stop. The thunder of a pealing organ borders on the sublime when a congregation joins. See Walter Scott's description of CONGREGATIONAL singing in Rob Roy. - ED.]

? "DEATHS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 February 1835), 3

On Sunday morning last, at his residence, King-street, Mr. Frederick Merritt, aged 21 years, after a short but painful illness.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 February 1835), 2

We had the painful task of announcing, in our Saturday's number, the intelligence of the awfully sudden death of Mr. Merritt, who dropped dead in the police office, on the preceding Thursday. His son, we lament to state, has since followed him. Mr. Merritt, jun. died on Sunday morning, of a brain fever, accelerated, if not produced by the dreadful shock occasioned by the intelligence of his father's sudden death. The anguish of the very respectable families with which the deceased were connected, at contemplating the bereavement they have sustained, will be deeply shared by their numerous friends.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (4 March 1835), 2 

The parishioners of St. James's will regret to hear, that their request for the re-appointment of Mr. Pearson, as organist, cannot be complied with, in consequence of a letter which the Archdeacon addressed to the Rev. Mr. Marsden, forbidding it even under any circumstances ...

Bibliography and resources:

J. P. McGuanne, "The humours and pastimes of early Sydney", The Australian Historical Society Journal and Proceedings 1 (1901), 40 

... When the first organ was imported there was no player until Mr. Merritt, a blind man, arrived in 1831.

This is incorrect; James Pearson was organist of St. James before him.

Hall 1951, 517

Hall assumes (and Rushworth follows him) that the organist was the Mr. Merritt who sailed for Launceston at the end of April on the Bolina, but this identification is not certain.

Rushworth 1988, 28, 364-65


Bandmaster, Music master, composer

Active Maitland, NSW, by 1859
Died Gunnedah, NSW, 15 March 1879


Active in Maitland as a music master from 1859, in 1861 Henry Meulman was founding bandmaster of the new West Maitland Volunteer Band. According to the Mercury:

Although they play popular airs, waltzes, &c., in a masterly style, their forte appears to lie in the spirited marches which they execute (several of which are composed by Mr. Meulman, their talented band-master), and only last evening they favoured the public with the new Sydney Volunteer March, played in a manner which would astonish their Sydney friends, we think.

A report of the band's activities tendered in January 1864 gives a unique insight into the productivity of a colonial bandmaster composer and arranger:

... Your committee beg to submit a list of musical instruments, the property of the band, and a list of music composed and arranged by Mr. Meulman, the bandmaster, by which it be perceived that up to the present time he has arranged for the band 99 pieces of music (each composed of 12 parts), which, with 24 series of printed music (including a set of cards containing several tunes kindly presented by Captain Laver to the company on the eve of his departure from the colony), place the company in possession of upwards of 150 tunes available for the use of the band.

These included Meulman's Night Parade Waltzes and the unattributed Maitland Galop. Meulman continued to be active and appreciated as bandmaster, also at Singleton and Gunnedah, into the 1870s. He committed suicide, while drunk, in 1879.


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (4 August 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (29 March 1860), 3

"WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER BAND", The Maitland Mercury (14 September 1861), 2

"VOLUNTEER CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (22 May 1862), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (19 August 1862), 1

"BAND OF HOPE", The Maitland Mercury (11 November 1862), 3

"SECOND CONCERT IN AID OF THE VOLUNTEER BAND", The Maitland Mercury (17 October 1863), 5

"BAND PROGRAM FOR THIS EVENING", The Maitland Mercury (19 November 1863), 3

WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER RIFLES", The Maitland Mercury (30 January 1864), 2

"GUNNEDAH", The Maitland Mercury (18 March 1879), 2

"MELANCHOLY DEATH", Australian Town and Country Journal (22 March 1879), 39

MEYER, Alfred

Professor of music, composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by July 1871
Died Carlton, VIC, 30 December 1882, aged 34


[News], The Argus (25 July 1871), 5

[News], The Argus (18 November 1871), 5

[News], The Argus (20 November 1871), 5

[News], The Argus (25 November 1871), 5

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1874), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (1 January 1883), 1

Musical works:

The Victoria wedding march ([1871])

The Bertha valse ("composed for the pianoforte; 2nd Edn; Dedicated to Thomas McPherson Esq., the right worshipful the mayor of Melbourne") (Melbourne: Paling and Co., [1871])

Put me in my little bed (Fantasia for the pianoforte) ([Melbourne]: Published for the composer, [1874]); on the song by C. A. White in edition (Melbourne: Wilkie, Webster, & Allan)

Within those eyes so deep and tender (song with original German and English words, composed by Alfred Meyer) ([?]: [composer], [1876])

Babies on our block valse (by Alfred Meyer) (Sydney: L. Moss, [1880]) on the popular song (see Australian Musical Magazine Christmas 1879, 30

MEYER, Edward


Active Sydney, NSW, June-July 1841 (at Nathan's Oratorio)


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 June 1841), 1

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (26 June 1841), 1

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Monitor (2 July 1841), 2

MEYER, William

Professor of music

Active Sydney, NSW, 1865


"MARRIAGES", Empire (16 October 1865), 1

MEYMOTT, Frederick William

Amateur vocalist and composer, patron of the arts, lawyer, judge

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by October 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 22 December 1883


Meymott was a pupil at Mr. May's School, Enfield, London, in June 1820 (the NLA, Canberra, has a prize he won on this occasion, an 1817 edition of The poetical works of Oliver Goldsmith, and a letter to his father, J. G. Meymott, found inside it). The earliest musical work by him was reviewed in 1835:

Success to the Swarthy Tribe. A Gypsy Song - the Music by F. W. Meymott, Esq. - An easy little trifle for the beginner; the melody runs very smoothly.

One legal text by Meymott (1830) and two published songs, both to lyrics by the countess of Blessington (Marguerite Gardiner), are in the British Library: Oh, nature, let me dwell with thee (reviewed in The Musical World, January 1840), and Oh never doubt I love thee (The Melodist, No. 12, [1854]).

The latter, however, had been first published in Sydney in July 1851 by Henry Marsh, described then as a "New song, by F. W. Meymott, Esq." Also published by Marsh in October 1854, was his Sweet songstress of Erin ("the music composed and dedicated by permission to Miss Catherine Hayes"), the text of which only survives, published in the Herald. Another lost song is the ballad I met her in the railway (words: Henry Halloran) published by J. R. Clarke, in May 1857.

His only other surviving musical work is In memory of Jane Elizabeth Balcombe ("who died in the eighteenth year of her age on the morning of the 26th day of December A. D. 1858"), to lyrics by another Sydney lawyer, amateur composer, and vocalist, William Cornelius UHR.


"NEW MUSIC. VOCAL", The Court Journal (4 July 1835), 427

"REVIEW", The Musical World 13 (20 January 1840), 72

"Law Intelligence", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1851), 3

"MISS CATHARINE [sic] HAYES", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 October 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 October 1854), 1


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 May 1857), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1858), 1

"THE LATE MR. F. W. MEYMOTT", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1883), 5

... Apart from his professional qualifications Mr. Meymott was an exceptionally accomplished man. He was a musician of rare culture and taste, and in his early days possessed the great social charm and advantage of a voice of singular sweetness and tenderness ... He was a constant visitor at the musical parties of the great Duke of Wellington ... He was the friend of Mario and Lablache, Grisi, and Albini. He knew intimately Thackeray and Dickens ... Here [in the colony] he invariably proved himself to be the friend of all struggling artists, and in his younger days his face was always to be seen at concerts and assemblies where the encouragement of a man of known taste was likely to be of advantage to those who were essaying to win the public favour. He was in his early days in the colony a constant attendant at those concerts where the magnificent voice of Madame Sara Flower (whom he had know as a brilliant musical student in England) was heard; and he was always deeply interested in and prepared to aid in any way everything that tended to raise the standard of musical art in this country ...

Bibliography and resources:

The NLA holds an MS letter from Meymott, to his father (14 June 1820), MS NLA MS 2270


Music teacher

Active Wangaratta, VIC, 1898


"Things We See or Hear", The Yackandandah Times (7 January 1898), 2

"A Pitiful Case", The Richmond River Herald and Northern Districts Advertiser (4 February 1898), 2

A young woman named Maud Michel was brought to the Wangaratta hospital in pitiable circumstances on New Year's Day. She was residing for some time in a township in New South Wales earning her living by music teaching, and while there made the acquaintance of a man who was also a music teacher. A friendship between the two resulted in marriage, but some months after the marriage ceremony was performed it transpired that the man had a wife already living, and he suddenly disappeared. The young woman then removed to Devenish. She had occasion to walk to the railway station on a Friday night - a distance of two miles - and while on her way thither was confined of a child. She and her child lay exposed the whole of the night, until some passer-by noticed her under a tree in the morning. The mother and child were removed without delay to this hospital, and, notwithstanding the severe hardships they underwent, both are recovering. The unfortunate woman is only 22 years of age.

MIELL, Augustus


Born Salisbury, England, 30 September 1829
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1854
Died Ballarat, VIC, 18 November 1860, aged 30

MIELL, Theophilus


Born Salisbury, England, 9 September 1827
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1857
Died Bourke, NSW, 1882 [NSW BDM 1882 6304]


[Advertisement], The Star (6 October 1857), 3


List of Claims for Compensation for Losses Sustained through the Ballarat Riot, on 7th October, 1854. ... Augustus Miell, gold, bank notes, musical instruments and music books, gold rings, and two boxes of clothing, £87 ... E. F.West, clothing, musical instruments, and music books, £53.

"DEATHS", The Star (20 November 1860), 2

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (21 November 1860), 2

The Chinaman who was killed at the Black Lead was yesterday interred in the Cemetery. The funeral cortege had a very imposing appearance when passing through Lydiard street, there being over a dozen vehicles in the procession filled with the countrymen of the deceased. Later in the day a second funeral moved slowly up the Main Road, with a band playing the dead march in Saul. The deceased, Mr. Miell, was well known as a musician at the Theatre Royal, and his musical friends paid him in the manner described the last tribute of their esteem.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (26 July 1861), 1

"THE SANDHURST GLEE CLUB. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (10 October 1862), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 August 1865), 3

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MRS. ELLIS", Bendigo Advertiser (5 October 1867), 2

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (2 July 1874), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Report from the select committee upon Ballaarat riots - Bentley's Hotel: together with the proceedings of committee and minutes of evidence

(Melbourne : John Ferres, Govt. Printer, 1858) (DIGITISED)

MILERUM (also known as Clarence LONG)

Singer, Indigenous ethnologist

Born Junggurumbar, SA, 1869
Died Adelaide, SA, 21 February 1941 (NLA persistent identifier)

Summary (after Tindale):

His father was Puningeri of the Karagarindjeri clan, Tanganekald tribe, Djerimangap moiety; his mother was Lakwunami, of the Potaruwutj tribe from the Keilira region. Wiantalan was his child name and korowale, the white-faced heron, his totem. Both before and after initiation at about 14, as a red-ochred youth, his parents taught him much of their history and tradition so that in effect he became the final repository of the details of their culture. Milerum planned and enacted for films a record of his people; many of his songs, recorded on wax cylinders and flat discs, have been studied by musicians, including Harold Davies. He guided H. K. Fry and the author over parts of his country, giving names, places, and the limits of the clans, and recollecting events and traditions. He became an anthropologist in his own right, seeking verification of data from old Aborigines.


Norman B. Tindale, "VANISHED TRIBAL LIFE OF THE COORONG BLACKS", The Advertiser (7 April 1934), 9

"Royal Society", The Advertiser (12 November 1937), 24

At the monthly meeting or the Royal Society of S.A. last night ... Mr. N. B. Tindale played records of aboriginal songs sung by Milerum, the last surviving full blood native of the South-East of South Australia.

"Death of Well-known Aborigine", The Advertiser (26 February 1941), 9

The death occurred at the Royal Adelaide Hospital on Friday of a well-known aborigine, Clarence Long, whose native name was Milerum, at the age of about 70 years. The anthropologist at the Museum (Mr. N. B Tindale) said that Long was the last of the Targanekald men who remembered the old native culture and arts. He was born on the Coorong and spent his early life roaming what was then wild country between Kingston and the Murray River. He was a strong character and greatly esteemed by prominent people in Adelaide and the Encounter Bay district. He was a champion shearer in his day. He was of great use to anthropologists as he knew his own language perfectly, and was able to impart much knowledge of the social and hunting life of the natives of the south-eastern districts of South Australia. A painting of Long, by the late director of the National Gallery (Mr. Leslie Wilkie) hangs in the Museum. He demonstrated the methods and weapons, and, in addition, enacted a part in scientific films by demonstrating the tribunal [sic] work of the natives. Many notes were made from his descriptions of native life, some of which have been published in book form and others still remain to be written.

Recordings and notes:

SA Museum, Series AA338/11-12 (Norman B. Tindale)

(see AA 338/11/5/Tracks 1-16: Clarence Long (Milerum) Series (SA) 1932 for full listing of songs)

See also (E. Harold Davies)

Bibliography and resources:

Norman B. Tindale, Milerum (1869-1941),, Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)

Diana Bell, Ngarrindjeri wurruwarrin: a world that is, was, and will be (Melbourne: Spinifex Press, 1998)


Professor of music, organist (nephew of Anna Bishop [Riviere])

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1865-72


Amateur vocalist (niece of Anna Bishop)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1868


"ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH MUSICAL FESTIVAL", The Star (10 November 1863), 2

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (16 January 1865), 2

As organist at St. Patrick's Church, Sturt-street, Mr. Emil Weber has been succeeded by Mr. Millar, whose mother and Madame Anna Bishop, the popular singer, are sisters. Mr. Millar is also connected with literary as well as musical celebrities, his sister being the wife of Professor Halford, of the Melbourne University.

"THE AMENDING LAND ACT, 1865. LICENSES UNDER THE 42ND SECTION", The Ballarat Star (15 September 1865), 2

"ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH ORGAN", The Ballarat Star (11 March 1867), 1s

[News], The Argus (8 July 1868), 5

The old folks of the Benevolent Asylum enjoyed no ordinary treat yesterday afternoon, a concert having been generously given them by Madame Anna Bishop and Mr. Lascelles. The dining-hall was crowded. It was amusing and pleasing to observe the thrill of delight that ran through the audience as Madamo Anna Bishop sang, in her exquisite style, "Home, Sweet Home," "John Anderson, my Jo, John," the "Dashing White Sergeant," "The Harp that Once Through Tara's Halls," &c; and Mr. Lascelles some of his rare comic songs. Mrs. Halford took part in a duet from "Norma" ...

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (25 August 1868), 3

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (1 May 1869), 1

"BALLARAT", The Argus (9 January 1872), 7

"BALLARAT", The Argus (24 February 1872), 5

John Millar, late organist at St. Patrick's Church, was charged with having committed a rape on a girl named Emily Hannah Brown; a second count laid the offence as an indecent assault. The jury found the prisoner guilty on the second count, and he was remanded for sentence.


Bandmaster (Band of the 14th Regiment), composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by May 1868 (newly appointed from London)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, March 1870

See also Band of the 14th Regiment


[News], The Argus (23 May 1868), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 May 1868), 8

[News], Illustrated Australian News (18 July 1868), 2

"ART TREASURE EXHIBITION", The Argus (30 March 1869), 5

[News], The Argus (24 May 1869), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 December 1869), 8

[News], The Argus (18 March 1870), 5

Musical works:

A gleam of sunshine (galop) (Melbourne: the Composer, [1869]) [NO COPY IDENTIFIED]

MILLER, Josiah

Dancing master

Active Sydney, NSW, from 1830
Died Liverpool, NSW, 1860


Miller, "lately arrived from London, where he has taught the ... polite accomplishment in its most fashionable branches", advertised that he would commence teaching dancing on 8 June "at the premises lately occupied by Mr. Brunton, 20, Prince-street, Sydney". He organised a subscription ball in 1832. Bell's Life described him as "an antiquated old gentleman" when he was charged with drunkenness in 1847.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 May 1830), 4

[News], The Sydney Monitor (28 January 1832), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (21 February 1835), 4

"FRIDAY", Bell's Life in Sydney (23 January 1847), 2


Organist, harmonium player, teacher

Active SA, by 1864
Died Yankalilla, SA, 29 December 1872


"ANGASTON", South Australian Register (27 May 1864), 3

"YANKAKILLA", South Australian Register (28 September 1868), 4

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (31 December 1872), 4

"DEATH OF MRS. J. S. MILLNER", South Australian Register (1 January 1873), 5

In the obituary columns of Tuesday's Register appeared an announcement of the death of Mrs. J. S. Millner, of Yankalilla, the wife of Dr. Millner, the Protector of Aborigines and Resident Surgeon in the Northern Territory. The deceased, who had a short illness, was carried off by heart disease ... and died on Sunday, December 29. The loss will be greatly felt in the neighbourhood of her home, where she was universally respected. Mrs. Millner devoted much of her spare time to the tuition of children attending the school attached to the Church of England in the locality, and shortly before her death a handsome present was given to her in recognition of the value of the services rendered ...

"JAMES STOKES MILLNER", Northern Territory Times (13 March 1875), 3

Bibliography and resources:

MILLS, George

Organ blower (St. James's Church, Sydney)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1829


Colonial Secretary LC, Cash vouchers 1829, State Archives NSW, 4/296 (transcr. Rushworth 1988, 363)

[St. James's Church], Chaplain Hill, £250 [per annum]; Clerk, 20; Collector of Pew Rents, 5; Sexton, 20; Beadles (2), 15 each; Pew openers (2), 10 each; Teacher of the Choir and Organist, Mr. Pearson, £26; ditto, for tuning the organ, 8; Singers, Harriet Edmonds, 10; Ann Lancaster, 5; E. Hoare, J. Parton, G. Shepherd, Wm. Aldis, R. Cooper, S. Pawsey, 5 each; Organ blower, Geo. Mills, 4 6s 8d; Watchman, 13; Grave Digger, 13.


Vocalist, actor


Vocalist, actor

Arrived Sydney, 1 March 1839 (per Sarah and Elizabeth, from Batavia, 4 January)
Departed Sydney, 23 April 1839 (per Parland, for London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Monsieur Minard (who according to Diehl was "Jewish") was leader of the company of French operatic performers, including his wife and the Gautrots, that arrived from Batavia (where they had been since 1836; the Gautrots were also previously at the Cape Colony, South Africa; the Minards at Calcutta earlier in 1836) for a short season at Wyatt's Royal Victoria in March-April 1839 (the fifth member, M. Henry, is recorded neither arriving nor leaving with the Minards)


"THE FRENCH DRAMATIC COMPANY", Calcutta Journal (August 1836), 379

"ARRIVALS", The Colonist (2 March 1839), 2

[News], The Australian (7 March 1839), 3

Monsieur Minard and his Company have made arrangements with Mr. Wyatt. of the Theatre Royal, for the use of that establishment, for the purpose of performing Operas, Vaudevilles, &c ...

[Advertisement], The Australian (14 March 1839), 3

"THE FRENCH PERFORMERS", The Sydney Herald (18 March 1839), 3

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (18 March 1839), 3

"THE FRENCH PERFORMERS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 March 1839), 2

Madame Minard also has a sweet voice, and in one instance caused much amusement in the execution of a burlesque bravura. The leader (Minard) has also a good voice, and, what is almost of equal importance, a gentlemanly carriage.

"THE THEATRE", The Australian (19 March 1839),  2

M. Minard has but little capability as a singer, but in vaudevilles, as we have just said, great compass of voice, or richness of tone, is not required. The fictitious duet which he sings in this piece, was exceedingly good; and his facility of manner gives a character of gaiety and vigour to the whole, that voice alone never can effect.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (22 March 1839), 2

"THE THEATRE", The Australian (26 March 1839), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (5 April 1839), 2

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Monitor (12 April 1839), 3

The Proprietor being about to leave the Colony, TWENTY-FIVE OPERAS, complete, with all the Music for the Orchestra, La Dame Blanche, Le Rossignol, Lea Visitandines, &c. &c. ... Address M. MINARD, 75, Pitt-street.

"SAILED", The Australian (25 April 1839), 2

"SHIPPING. ARRIVED", Naval & Military Gazette and Weekly Chronicle of the United Service (7 September 1839), 13

SHIPS ARRIVED ... Sept. 3 - PARLAND ... [from NSW], April 23 ... PASSENGERS ... M. and Madame Minard ...

Bibliography and resources:

F. de Haan, Oud Batavia: gedenkboek uitgegeven ter gelegenheid van het dire honderdjarig bestaan de staad in 1919 (Batavia: G. Kolff, 1919 & 1922-23), 442

Victor Ido [pseud.], Indie in den gouden ouden tijd: radio-voordrachten voor de Nirom gehouden door Victor Ido (Bandoeng: N.V. v/h Nic & Co., 1949)

Katharine Smith Diehl, Printers and printing in the East Indies to 1850: Batavia (Aristide D. Cararzas, 1990), 348-51

Franki R. Notosudirdjo, Music, politics, and the problems of national identity in Indonesia, 56


Joseph and Madame Gautrot

MIRANDA, David (Meyers)

Tenor vocalist, Professor of Singing

Died Northcote, VIC, 20 March 1886


Soprano vocalist, Teacher of Music and Singing

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1871
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 1906 (for Europe)

MIRANDA, Beatrice

Soprano vocalist


Soprano vocalist

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1874
Died 1944


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 December 1871), 8

"SATURDAY POPULAR CONCERT", The Argus (25 December 1871), 7

"BIRTHS", The Argus (27 October 1873), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 February 1876), 8

"DEATHS", The Argus (22 March 1886), 1

"MISS LALLA MIRANDA", The Argus (5 April 1894), 6


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (9 June 1906), 14

"MISS BEATRICE MIRANDA", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1908), 7

Bibliography and resources:


Musician (street band)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1858


"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 May 1858), 3

John Mirkett, musician, deposed that while he and others were, last evening, engaged in their vocation in York street, defendant, who was the worse for liquor, interrupted them by laying hold of their instruments; he took hold of him (witness), and wanted to show how he could perform; witness desired him to let go and advised him to go home or he would get into the watch-house.

MITCHELL, Thomas Livingstone

Indigenous culture and song and dance reporter (NLA persistent identifier)



Amateur pianist (pupil of Maria Logan)

Born Sydney, NSW, 4 January 1843
Died Burwood, NSW, 16 September 1869



Blanche Mitchtell, daughter of the late Sir Thomas, and her older sister Alice, were at the time Blanche kept her diary pupils of Maria Logan in Upper William Street (studying piano and music theory). The diaries contain many references to Mrs. Logan, though give few musical details. Most revealing musically and socially is her pen-portrait of the unfortunate W. C. Uhr, and his attempts at singing (Hickson edn., 57-58).


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1869), 1

Bibliography and resources:

SL-NSW, ML MSS 1611: Papers of Blanche Mitchell, a Notebook, 1850, containing poems and cuttings b. Diary, 28 Jan. 1858-7 Nov. 1859, 5 June 1860- 27 Feb. 1861, mostly written at Craigend Terrace, Woolloomooloo, N.S.W., describing her social life

Edna Hickson (ed.), Blanche: an Australian diary 1858-1861: the diary of Blanche Mitchell (Sydney: John Ferguson, 1980), 57-58;


Bugler (63rd Regiment)

Active Fremantle, WA, 1830s


 "NOTICE", The Perth Gazette (1 November 1834), 381

NOTICE. ALL PERSONS in this Colony indebted to John Mitchell, Bugler in His Majesty's 63d Regiment of Foot, stationed at Madras, are requested to pay their respective Accounts to William Nairne Clark, Solicitor, Fremantle, who has received authority to manage his property in the Colony. All Claims on the said John Mitchell to be sent in to the same party Fremantle, Oct. 30.

MITCHELL, Madelina Forbes


Arrived South Australia, 1838
Active Adelaide and Melbourne, 1855
Died St. Kilda, Melbourne, VIC, 9 July 1892, aged 79, a colonist of 54 years


A pupil of John Bernard Sale (1779-1856), music teacher in the 1830s of the future Queen Victoria, Madelina Mitchell had been dubbed, according to Adelaide press reports of her own publicity in early 1855, the "Persian Nightingale", on account of her "Oriental parentage" on one side:

Though only recently a debutante, Mrs. Mitchell has resided in the colonies for a period of sixteen years, and it was only from the pressure of adverse and unforeseen circumstances that she has adopted, as a profession the art in which she has been tutored by the best professors.

Precisely what these adverse circumstances were is unclear. However, according to her husband's obituary (1866), in 1855 or thereabouts:

the superior attractions of Victoria induced him (as they have many others) to leave a comfortable home and try his fortune on our gold fields.

Having been assisted by Carl Linger at her Adelaide concert in February, she appeared at the Melbourne Mechanics' Institute in June 1855, supported by Elizabeth Testar, and advertised that she would take singing pupils in July. She may be the Mrs. Mitchell who was teaching music in Sydney in 1857, though her husband died in Sandhurst, VIC, in 1866. She certainly pressed a charge of perjury in Sydney in 1873, dismissed when she failed to appear in court.

She was living in Fitzroy, Melbourne, at the time of the death of a daughter in 1878.


"WILLUNGA MECHANICS' INSTITUTE PUBLIC CONCERT", South Australian Register (8 January 1855), 2

"MUSICAL. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (19 January 1855), 3

"THE GRAND CONCERT AT NEALE'S EXCHANGE", South Australian Register (13 February 1855), 3

"MRS. MITCHELL'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (15 February 1855), 3

"MRS. MITCHELL'S CONCERT", The Argus (15 June 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 June 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 July 1855), 8

"THE LATE MR. FREDERICK MITCHELL", South Australian Register (30 October 1866), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1857), 6

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 March 1873), 4

"Deaths", The Argus (23 December 1878), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (11 July 1892), 1


Professor of music, organist

Active Perth, WA, by 1854



"CONCERT AT FREMANTLE", The Inquirer (26 May 1869), 3

[Advertisement], The Inquirer (10 July 1872), 1

MR. S. T. MITCHELL, PROFESSOR OF MUSIC, (Upwards of seven years Organist in a provincial town in England, and Sixteen years in the Wesleyan Church, Perth,) TAKES this medium of informing the citizens of Perth and its environs, that he is prepared to give Instruction on the Harmonium and Pianoforte to a limited number of Pupils. Terms may be known on applicacation at his residence. Harmoniums and Pianofortes on Hire, Regulated, and Repaired. Hay Street, Perth.

MOCATTA, Jonathan Brandon

Music teacher, school teacher

Active Launceston and Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838-46


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (27 February 1838), 1

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (21 December 1839), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (2 January 1840), 1s

"Supreme Court-Civil Side", The Observer (24 March 1846), 3


Bookseller, bookbinder, music publisher, convict

Born Liverpool, England, 1802
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 25 July 1827 (convict per Guildford)
Business established, by October 1831
Died Sydney, 31 July 1874, aged 72 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (5 October 1831), 2

A well-supplied Stationer's shop has been opened by Mr. Moffitt, in King-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (12 December 1831), 3

[Advertisement], The Colonist (16 February 1837), 5

. . . A large assortment of bound Music Books, and Music Paper of all descriptions . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (25 March 1845), 2

THIS DAY IS PUBLISHED, by William Moffitt, Pitt.street, price Two Shillings, "HUMBUG," Executed by Amateurs, composed and inscribed to all professors of the art, by I. NATHAN.

[J. M. Forde], "OLD SYDNEY", Truth (21 May 1911), 12

. . . Next the little Inn - the Black Boy of the early forties, the Liverpool Arms of later years - is still standing the establishment founded 80 years ago by Mr. William Moffit, who in the mid thirties, had his business there. Prior to that he had his business in King-street, in a shop opposite "Truth" office, where, I believe, he started in the year 1826. His business was that of a bookbinder, stationer, engraver and copper-plate printer. He likewise "ruled account books to any pattern." Mr. Moffit was the first man to improve the footpath in front of his property with Scotch flagging imported for the purpose; also, I am told, he was the first to introduce plate glass into his shop fronts. Mr. Moffit died a very wealthy man.

I remember him, on summer evenings, sitting at his shop door watching the people pass to the theatres. When not there he might be seen with his old crony, captain Watson, at the house of the latter, Trafalgar Lodge, Castlereagh-street. immediately opposite the Theatre Royal entrance. The cottage stood high up, and was reached by a long flight of steps. It was afterwards occupied by Mr. J. C. Williamson for office purposes. It was Captain Watson who erected the statue of Captain Cook at Randwick, opposite the house he lived in after he had vacated the Castlereagh-street cottage. Mr. Moffitt was succeeded by Mr. Yeo, who had been his manager for many years, and to Mr. Yeo succeeded Messrs. Penfold. Next door to Mr. Moffit, in the year 1847, was Mr. Thomas Strode, letter press printer . . .

Musical and other publications:

Humbug, executed by amateurs, composed and Inscribed to all Professors of the Art; by I. Nathan (Sydney: W. Moffitt, 1845)

[Trade card]

Bibliography and resources:

L. F. Fitzhardinge, Moffitt, William (1802-1874), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

MOLTENO, Frederick John

Infant musician, violinist, pianist

Died Norwood, Adelaide, SA, 2 September 1866, aged 7 years and 5 months

MOLTENO, Alice Edith

Juvenile musician, harpist, pianist

MOLTENO, Laura Ada

Infant violinist

Active 1866-69

Frederick John Molteno

Image: Courtesy of Jennifer Molteno


Frederick James Molteno, librarian of Sandhurst, Bendigo goldfields, married Laura Antoinette Sheridan, in London, on 19 March 1856. Based back in Melbourne by 1861 or earlier they raised a musical family. Master Molteno, having been honoured by a private performances at Government House Sydney, gave his first Sydney concert at the School of Arts on 1 February 1866, with patronage including Governor Young and J. H. Plunkett (himself a keen amateur violinist). Staying on in Sydney until May, he gave a Melbourne concert that month, and then toured to South Australia in August. With the Lancashire Bellringers and Miss Chalker at Gawler in late August, "through illness, he was only able to play a couple of pieces". His death notice read:

MOLTENO.- On the 2nd September, at the residence of Mr. Joseph Elliott, William-street, Norwood, Frederick John Molteno (the infant Australian musician), beloved son of Mr. F. J. Molteno, of Willow Cottage, Carlisle-street. St. Kilda, Melbourne, aged seven years and five months, most deeply deplored by his disconsolate parents, and by all who knew him."

His sister, Alice Edith, nine years of age, and a pupil of Henry Hughes, was a harpist and pianist. When she appeared with the Bellringers a month after her brother's death, the Register was of:

... a very decided opinion that it is a great mistake to bring her before the public so early. If her life should be spared she will probably become an accomplished musician, but at present there is nothing in her performance-except that it is done by a child of tender years-to justify her appearance in public. It is really pitiable to see an interesting child, who ought to be in bed at an early hour, set up to exhibit her musical acquirements before an audience, and a grave responsibility rests upon those who put her forward.

The following year, en route to settle in Launceston, the family lost its effects in a shipping accident, occasioning a Launceston benefit at which two children and Mrs. Molteno appeared:

We understand that they lost a piano harp, lute, furniture, linen, and clothes; a very serious loss indeed. Mr. Molteno had a been engaged as classical and mathematical master of the Church Grammar School; and in addition to the losses mentioned above, he has to add a choice classical library. We are given to understand that Mrs. Molteno will take part in the concert, her oldest daughter of ten years will play the harp, and the youngest, aged six, will play the violin.

The Molteno children appeared again in Sydney in mid-1868, supported by, among others, J. C. Neild, Henry Marsh and Charles Horsley, and in Launceston in 1869. Jennifer Molteno informs me that the family stayed in Tasmania for only a couple of years before returning to England to live, though Frederick James also took his daughters to USA to perform. Little Frederick John's uncle (and Frederick James's brother) was John Charles Molteno, the first prime minister of the Cape Colony, South Africa (the Molteno whose name is found regularly in Australian newspapers in the second half of the 19th century).

His grandfather and great-grandfather had been print-sellers in Pall Mall, London, Anthony Molteno and James Anthony Molteno.


"MARRIED", The Argus (11 August 1856), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1866), 8

"NOTES OF THE WEEK", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1866), 5

"The Orpheonist Society ...", Empire (19 February 1866), 2

"SYDNEY", The Musical Times 12 (1 May 1866), 298

[News], The Argus (22 May 1866), 5


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (4 August 1866), 1

"THE LANCASHIRE BELLRINGERS", South Australian Register (7 August 1866), 2

"THE LANCASHIRE BELLRINGERS", South Australian Register (13 August 1866), 2

"GAWLER", South Australian Register (30 August 1866), 3

"THE INFANT MUSICIAN", South Australian Register (29 August 1866), 2

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (3 September 1866), 2

"FUNERAL OF MASTER MOLTENO", South Australian Register (6 September 1866), 2

"THIS EVENING'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (1 October 1866), 2


[News], Launceston Examiner (30 July 1867), 5

"AMATEUR CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (17 August 1867), 5

"GRAND CONCERT OF JUVENILE ARTISTES &C.", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1868), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1868), 8

"PUBLIC READING", Launceston Examiner (17 June 1869), 3

MONDS, James

Convict, actor, vocalist

Born Donegal, Ireland, 1808
Convicted (forgery) London, 1830
Transported 1831 (on the Exmouth)


Monds participated in the theatrical and musical program presented on Queen's Birthday 1840 at Norfolk Island.


NORFOLK ISLAND", The Sydney Herald (24 June 1840), 2


Professor of Music, pianist, violoncellist, historian-memorialist

Born Leighton-Buzzard, England, 1835
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, December 1852 (or recte 1853)
Died Camberwell, VIC, 9 May 1926


By his own later account (1925), Montague arrived in Melbourne in December 1852, with an introduction from Michael Costa to Thomas Reed. However, he recalled that the first time he played for Reed was in a concert featuring John Winterbottom (who arrived in April 1853). Montague, just 16 (?), was a member of the orchestra at the first concert of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, in December 1853. A Fitzroy professor of music, Montague was before the insolvent court in September 1861 citing "losses in mining speculations, and pressure of creditors" as cause of his financial distress. He was pianist at a Grand Military Concert for the Carlton Rifles in May 1869, and appearing with Zelman in 1876 was described as "the well-known Violoncellist". He played regularly in string quartets for the Musical Artists' Society in the late 1870s, along with Phillip Montague, possible his brother.


"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (20 September 1861), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 May 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 September 1876), 8

"THE MUSICAL ARTISTS' SOCIETY", The Argus (29 April 1878), 6

"THE MUSICAL ARTISTS' SOCIETY", The Argus (4 August 1879), 6

"THE MUSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA", The Argus (21 August 1882), 7

"DEATHS", The Argus (10 May 1926), 1

Published writings:

To have been associated with pupils of Mendelssohn, Chopin, Paganini, and Czerny; to have played Mendelssohn's 'Christmas Pieces' from the first copy received from London; and to have been associated with the musical life of Melbourne for nearly 73 years-these are among the experiences for Mr. Alfred Montague, who though aged 80 years, is still engaged in his profession as a teacher of music. Born in Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire, in 1835, Mr. Montague was first moved to make music his career by the kindly interest of the great conductor Michael Costa, who heard him play his 'cello and recommended him to further study. In London he studied at the Royal Academy of Music under Philip Cipriani Potter, teacher of Sterndale Bennett, a subsequent principal of the Academy [Montague writes] "I first saw Melbourne in December, 1852 ... I had brought with me a letter of introduction from Costa to Mr. Reed (better known to me afterwards as 'Daddy' Reed), who was the autocrat of the musical world in Melbourne ...






[6] "SEVENTY YEARS OF MUSIC. Mr. MONTAGUE'S MEMORIES.", The Argus (24 October 1925), 13

[7]"SEVENTY YEARS OF MUSIC. MR. MONTAGUE'S MEMORIES.", The Argus (31 October 1925), 12

Includes at the end a letter to the editor from "A Pleased Reader/Septuagenarian", with supplementary information.

MONTAGUE, Fearnleigh Leonard

? American painter, amateur composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1869


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1869), 1

"NEW SONG", Launceston Examiner (13 July 1876), 3

"ACKNOWLEDGMENT", The Mercury (21 July 1876), 2

Musical works:

The ship in full sail (a jovial song sung with unbounded applause by Edward Farley; words and music by Fearnleigh L. Montague) (Melbourne: Allan & Co. (Wilkies), [1876])

Bibliography and resources:

Fearnleigh L. Montague, Design & Art Australia Online


Professor of Music, violinist, quartet player

Died Melbourne, VIC, 19 July 1889, aged 55


[News], The Argus (26 November 1877), 4

"THE MUSICAL ARTISTS' SOCIETY", The Argus (29 April 1878), 6

"THE MUSICAL ARTISTS' SOCIETY", The Argus (4 August 1879), 6

"THE MUSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA", The Argus (21 August 1882), 7

"Deaths", The Argus (23 July 1889), 1


Businessman, playwright, librettist, songwriter

Born Barbados, 11 January 1819
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 October 1837 (per Lord William Bentinck, from London, 15 June)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 1876
Died London, England, 24 January 1885 (NLA persistent identifier)


Montefiore wrote the libretto John of Austria (MS, Archives NSW), set to music as Don John of Austria by Isaac Nathan and first produced in Sydney in May 1847. According to one report Montefiore also provided two "original songs" introduced at Miska Hauser's Sydney concert on 2 December 1854. These were perhaps the two advertised as set to music by Hauser, namely "Australia's National Song, "Hail Australia", composed by Miska Hauser expressly for Mr. Frank Howson" and a "Romanza, composed expressly for the occasion" and sung by Sara Flower.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (9 October 1837), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 May 1847), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (30 November 1854), 1

"MISKA HAUSER'S CONCERT. To the Editor", Empire (7 December 1854), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Rutledge, Montefiore, Jacob Levi (1819-1885), Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)


Dancer, entertainer

Born Limerick, Ireland, 1818
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 August 1855 (per Fanny Major, from San Francisco)
Departed Sydney, NSW, May 1856
Died Brooklyn, USA, 17 January 1861 (NLA persistent identifier)




Montez arrived in Australia with a company including the singer Harriet Fiddes and her daughters, and, as her musical director, the violinist Charles Eigenschenck.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1855), 4

"CALIFORNIA. FROM A CORRESPONDENT. San Francisco, June 6th, 1855", Empire (17 August 1855), 4

The famous Lola Montez, and a tribe of theatricals will arrive in your city by the Fanny Major. They have done little or nothing in California. Lola has made some money by purchasing a share in a quartz claim at Grass Valley. She visits Australia in opposition to the advice of many of her best friends who have pointed out to her the difference in sentiment and feeling which exists between an English and American audience. It is an unwise step.

"SYDNEY (From our own Correspondent) 4th May, 1856", The Courier (27 May 1856), 2

Lectures of Lola Montez, countess of Landsfeld, including her autobiography (New York: Rudd and Carlton, 1858)

Related colonial prints:

The Lola Montez polka (by Paul Henrion) (Sydney: H. Marsh, [1855])

Bibliography and resources:

Michael Cannon, Montez, Lola (1818-1861), Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

MOON, Elizabeth Anne

Soprano vocalist (pupil of Eliza Bushelle)

Born Sydney, NSW, 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 24 June 1891


"MISS E. A. MOON", Freeman's Journal (27 June 1891), 15

MOORE, Andrew (De Horne)

Violinist, orchestra leader, composer

Born Bow, London, England, 26 July 1826

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 3 August 1850 (per Francis Ridley, from Plymouth, 13 April)
Active Sydney, NSW, until ? August 1874
Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 17 March 1881, "aged 58 years"

MOORE, Rachel (Miss LAZAR)

Vocalist, dancer, actor

Born ? London, England, 10 December 1827 (date on tombstone)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 27 February 1837 (per Lady McNaughten, from Leith, 9 May via Hobart)
Married Andrew Moore, Adelaide, SA, 13 November 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 20 December 1905


Moore was the son of Andrew Moore, draper, and Ann (Lawrence), of Bow, London. he and his brother George appear in the 1841 census at a school for young gentlemen at 228 High Street, Poplar, Middlesex. Only 9 years later, he left Britain seeking a "renovation of health" in South Australia. Apart from advertising himself in Adelaide as "Late of Her Majesty's Theatre" [London], he was too young to have had much British reputation as a performer, though he was at least already a published composer: the British Library has a copy of his Valse brillante on Barnaby Rudge's Dream for the piano forte, etc. (London: Duff & Hodgson, [1849]).

In Adelaide, he first appeared as a solo violinist in an Adelaide Choral Society concert. Having received a "very kind reception", he advertised his intention of staying on in Adelaide to "give lessons in Duet and Concertante playing on the violin and piano".  He introduced "expressly composed" and locally titled new works into his new series of "Promenade Concerts", in October his South Australian polka ("Dedicated to Osmond Gillies, Esq."), and a Schottische inventively entitled The bushman's cooey, as well as a song, Sentimentality versus reality, sung by, and perhaps composed for, the first lady of Adelaide theatre, Rachel Lazar.

The Register regretted it was unable to speak eulogistically of Moore's original contritutions, "though The Bushman's Cooey was favourably received". In November, however, Moore's Australian air, probably variations for violin on a local tune, "was well received and certainly deserved applause".

Toward the end of the year, Moore married Rachel Lazar, and thus into the family of John Lazar, co-proprietor with George Coppin of the Adelaide theatre. There, with help from Spencer Wallace and August Huenerbein, Moore added several new musical pieces to the 1851 season, starting with ("especially for this theatre") the "operetta", or "musical petite drama", Jeanette and Jeannott; or, The conscript and his bride. With "overture, and new music, composed and arranged by Mr. Moore", it was performed six times, starting on 30 January 1851.

Moore may also have composed some new music (and arranged and scored a great many of the original numbers) for subsequent productions, including the operetta The spirit of the Rhine in February, and the pantomime Harlequin Fat and Harlequin Bat in June ("The music composed and arranged by Mr. Moore").

Lazar and Coppin were forced by October to announce the theatre's closure, and, perhaps in anticipation, the "intended departure of Messrs [Frederic] Ellard and Moore from Adelaide" was announced in the press in September, though a farewell concert by them planned for 10 October was cancelled.

In Sydney, Moore made a respectable concert debut in November 1851, attended by the Governor-General, in which he included his Australian air varie for solo violin ("a variation, by himself, on an Australian air"). Having entered into a music-retail partnership with Henry Marsh, Marsh's grand annual concert on 18 December 1851 was a showcase of Moore's work. Sara Flower sang Moore's song Falling leaves, "dedicated to Mrs. Henry Marsh", published under the new imprint of "Marsh and Moore" (see also their print of Otho Fitzgerald's The spirit of the ball galop, perhaps the original of the "grand gallop" below; The shortlived partnership, formed only in December 1851 was dissolved amicably in March 1852, "in consequence of Mr. Moore's professional engagements rendering him liable to heavy penalties if he does not, within a given time, complete the same".)

Moore played two for his own violin solos, La coquette and Capriccio arpeggio, and contributed an arrangement involving the crème of Sydney music, a: "Grand Gallop, 12 pianofortes arranged for this occasion by Mr. Andrew Moore. Performers: Miss Sara Flower, Mrs. St. John Adcock, and Messrs. Stanley, Frank Howson, John Howson, Sigmont, Emanuel, W. Johnson, Weber, Bök, A. Moore, and H. Marsh." A British visitor, John Shaw, witnessed the performance, and later described it in his travel book, A Tramp to the diggings

I attended a concert, which was very well got up: there was very fair singing, a good solo on the flute, a very good executionist on the violin, and twelve pianos played at the same time; this latter I thought a very great treat to the lovers of noise!

The program also included Moore's new and topical buffo song, These odious diggings, which the Herald liked enough ("this trifle made a hit") to describe it at length and reproduce the full text. By the time it was repeated at the Gautrots's second last concert, it had also been published, and later in 1852 it was revived by John Howson at the Royal Victoria Theatre. Sadly, no copy has been identified.

Though the Herald noted that "as a violinist and composer [he] has been received, since his arrival here with considerable favour by our cogniscenti", Moore announced his final Sydney concert on 24 March 1852, "previous to his departure from the colony", at which he reportedly introduced another composition, the song King David's lamentation on the death of His son Absolom.

In fact, the Moores stayed on through the winter at the Royal Victoria, taking their benefit on the final night of the season, during which Andrew made "his first appearance" as an actor in one of the plays. The Moores appeared in concerts in February and March 1863 in Melbourne, where they resettled, and were living at Collingwood in 1856.

Perhaps continued ill health accounts for Andrew's low professional profile thereafter. Perhaps he lost interest (or heart) in pursuing a colonial solo and composing career, though he reappears in the theatre bills in Adelaide in the 1860s. He later returned to Sydney, where at the Christmas Burlesque at the Royal Victoria in 1870, the music was "arranged by and performed under the Leadership of Mr. Andrew Moore".

He was still teaching violin in Sydney as late as August 1874. If he is indeed A. H. Moore, his only other surviving composition is the Irene waltz, published perhaps c.1870.

More to come on Rachel's career in due course.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (15 May 1837), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (5 August 1850), 2

"THE CONCERT", South Australian Register (15 August 1850), 3

 [Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 August 1850), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 October 1850), 2

[News], South Australian Register (16 October 1850), 3

"MR. MOORE'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (13 November 1850), 2

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 January 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 February 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 June 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1851), 1

"MR. A. MOORE'S SOIREE MUSICALE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1851), 1

"Mr. HENRY MARSH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1851), 2

"[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1852), 1

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 August 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1852), 3

"SOIREE MUSICALE", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 February 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 February 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1870), 9

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (12 April 1872), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1874), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1874), 10

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1881), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1905), 10

Bibliography and resources:

John Shaw, A Tramp to the Diggings: Being notes of a ramble in Australia and New Zealand in 1852 (London: Richard Bentley, 1852), 202

My thanks: To family historian Gillian Withers for sharing her findings, and copies of Andrew Moore's baptism, death, and burial records, May 2013

MOORE, George


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


"CHARGE OF FELONY AGAINST A PUBLICAN", The Argus (26 June 1856), 6

MOORE, George Fletcher

Amateur vocalist, flautist, composer, songwriter, Indigenous language and culture reporter

Born Donemana, Tyrone, Ireland, 10 December 1798
Arrived Fremantle, WA, October 1830 (per Cleopatra)
Departed WA, 1852
Died London, England, 30 December 1886 (NLA persistent identifier)


"SWAN RIVER", The Sydney Monitor (4 January 1832), 2

FOR THE LADIES - TO BE RAFFLED FOR - A young man five feet eleven inches and three quarters in height, three feet nine inches across the shoulders, portly in his appearance, and has a prominent nose, his total aspect particularly "imposing;" he is peculiarly graceful in his movements, takes snuff, draws a cigar, plays the flute, can walk a quadrill, and does not drink small beer. A likeness of the young man may be seen in a few days at the Harbour Master's office. The raffle will take place as soon as £5,000 is subscribed. - Tickets £10 each, to be had of Mr. Lyones; no lady to be allowed to have more than five, that the Colony may have fair play.

"ST. PATRICK'S DAY", The Perth Gazette (21 March 1840), 30

[Editorial], The West Australian (5 January 1887), 2

Song (1831):

Western Australia for me (Air: Ballinamona oro) in:

Cross 1833, 236-37

Moore 1884, 68

Literary works:

Moore 1842

Moore 1884

(20) [1830] . . . This reference is to my sister Catherine playing a piece of music which we had often practised together, she on the piano, I on the flute . . . (55) [Letter, August 1831] . . . I have been favoured with two new songs from birds like thrushes; the notes are not much varied, but seem rather a repetition of something corresponding with these words, "come with me and let us make a nest, ah! do," to which the other seems to reply, "no indeed I shan't, at least with you" - the last note accented . . . (58) [I] have just written for Mrs. Tanner a song about this colony, of which she wishes to send her friends a copy; but I have not time now to transcribe it, but must do so at some other time. I have a song in my mind, suggested by that of a bird's notes; and if I can get my flute mended, shall set it for you . . . (124) [21 August 1832] . . . I want a flute; sadly, mine was broken on the passage; and this day, when I took up one which an itinerant schoolmaster left in my kitchen, I found that my fingers had lost their wonted familiarity with it.

Bibliography and resources:

Cross 1833, 156, 157, 236-37

Alfred H. Chate, "Moore, George Fletcher (1798-1886)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

MOORE, Henry Byron

Amateur musician, stockbroker

Born Surrey, England, 11 February 1839
Arrived Australia, 1852 (per Aberfoyle)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 22 June 1925


Musical works:

Twelve double chants (dedicated (by permission) to the Right Reverend James Moorehouse, D.D., Lord Bishop of Melbourne, composed by H. Byron Moore; edited by G. W. Torrance") ([Moonee Ponds]: Published for the benefit of the organ fund, St. Thomas Church, Moonee Ponds, 1879)


"MR. BYRON MOORE'S WORKS", The Argus (31 May 1901), 5

"MR. H. BYRON MOORE. VETERAN SECRETARY OF V.R.C. Reminiscences of 70 Years", The Argus (20 October 1922), 11

Mr. Byron Moore is a lover of music, but his other interests have prevented him from taking an active part in musical affairs for many years. In his younger days, however, he played no small part in building up musical taste. He was the founder of the Philharmonic Society in Geelong, and conducted the oratorio Elijah when it was first performed in this part of the world (for principals he had the original Lyster Opera Company), and an orchestra and chorus of 250. He was vice-president of the Melbourne Liedertafel for many years, and under his baton the late Armes Beaumont sang his first principal part in "The Messiah" in 1860.

"DEATH OF MR. BYRON MOORE", The Argus (23 June 1925), 11

... Music was another of his interests, and in addition to playing the organ and leading a choir in his younger days he became an expert organ builder. He composed a number of hymn tunes and chants.

Bibliography and resources:

Suzanne G. Mellor, Moore, Henry Byron (1839-1925), Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

MOORE, Jeremiah John

Music publisher, music seller, book seller, stationer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1845
Died Woollahra, Sydney, NSW, 7 February 1883, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Moore operated from premises in George Street opposite St. Andrew's Cathedral as a bookseller and publisher. He printed Gustavus Arabin's drama Malavolti in 1845, but his first important book publication was major Thomas Mitchell's Australian geography in 1850. From 1852 he published Moore's Australian almanac.

In November 1856, Moore advertised "to the music-loving people of these colonies, that he has made arrangements to reproduce in a handsome manner, and much superior to anything of the kind hitherto produced in this colony, a series of the newest and most popular pieces of music, at less than half the English price. The following pieces are already published at the annexed prices:

1. The Lancer's Quadrilles
[2]. The Sultan Polkas
3. Then you'll remember me (Song by Balfe)
4. King Pippin's Polka
5. Lilly Dale (Park's Edition No 5)
6. The Postman's Knock (Park's Edition No 6)
7. Moonlight Polka
8. Old Folks at Home
9. Shells of the Ocean (Park's Edition No 9)
10. Young England Quadrille (Park's Edition No 10)
11. Cushla Machree
12. Oh Steer my Bark to Erin's Isle
13. I'm leaving thee Annie (Park's Edition No 13)
14. By the Sad Sea Waves
15. The Egyptian Polka

Both the cover and music lithography was the work of Alexander Archibald Park, who was also responsible for one other Moore print, Annie Laurie ("a favourite ballad, as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock), "No 25", though whether in the same series is unclear. It sold for 1 shilling, and therefore may have been issued to undercut Woolcott and Clarke's 2/6 edition of Annie Laurie ("as sung by Mrs. St John Adcock") which they published in September 1855. ([Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1855), 5:

During 1857 and 1858 Moore's advertisements seem to mention only imported music.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1846), 1

"ROBBING AN EMPLOYER", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 December 1849), 3

"BOOKSELLERS and STATIONERS PICNIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1880), 7

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1883), 1

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (29 November 1856), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1857), 8 

NEW MUSIC - Cheap Music, at less than one-half the English price. Just published -
My Mary Anne, or Bobbing Around Quadrilles, 1s. 6d.
The Royal Irish Quadrilles, 1s. 6d.
Annie Laurie, (a favourite song), 1s. 6d.
Heart's Misgiving, (a favourite song), 1s. 6d.
J. MOORE, Publisher, George-street, opposite St. Andrew's Cathedral. ~ A large assortment of music always on hand.

[Advertisement], Empire (9 September 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 August 1857), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (18 March 1858), 5

MOORE, Joseph Sheridan

Poet, lyricist, songwriter (NLA persistent identifier)


Schoolmaster, teacher of the flute and dancing

Active Campbelltown, NSW, 1835-36


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 December 1835), 1

Mr. [Hammond], intending to retire at the commencement of the ensuing Year, recommends as his Successor Mr. JAMES MOORHOUSE, who has for several years been employed as his Assistant. ... J.M. will, should it meet the approbation of his Patrons, give Instructions on the Flute, and teach Dancing gratuitously.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 May 1836), 1

MOOWATTIN, Daniel (Mo-Watty)

Indigenous singer, executed felon

Born Parramatta, NSW, c.1791
Departed 1810 (on the Hindoostan for England)
Returned to Sydney 1811
Executed The Rocks, Sydney, NSW, 11 November 1816 (NLA persistent identifier)


"COURT OF CRIMINAL JURISDICTION", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 September 1816), 1 Supplement

"MOO-WAT-TIN", Chambers's Edinburgh Journal 2/77 (20 July 1833), 199-200

... Two instances have occurred of the aborigines of New South Wales having been brought by a gentleman to England: one, whose name was Be-ne-long, in 1793, another in 1811, whose name was Moo-wat-tin. The general conduct of these men was so similar that the particulars relating to the last mentioned individual may be sufficient to show the character and disposition of both, perhaps of all. Moo-wat-tin was a chief, and, though acting occasionally as a servant while in England, never forgot a seeming consciousness of importance. Moo-wat-tin spoke English so well as to excite surprise at the power with which he would use the monosyllables. He became an object of great curiosity to many, and was closely observed during several visits he made with the gentleman who brought him to England. On some occasions ladies were of the party, who were pleased with the decorum, or, it may be said, the politeness, with which the savage chief from New South Wales behaved. At the dinner table he was desirous to oblige others by passing what might be required; was never confused, but acted as though he had been accustomed to mixed society. He ate and drank very moderately, preferring sherry to any other wine, of which he never took more than three glasses. It was supposed he had received directions for his conduct, or that he was merely an imitator of others; however this might be, his behaviour was such as to command approbation. He was particularly pleased at hearing a lady sing "No, my love, no." He sat with strongly marked expressions of attention and delight, and when asked to sing, consented with a smile. His articulation seemed indistinct, the sounds having great similarity to each other as, ra-ra tah, wha-rah rah, bab-hah tah-rah hah. The tune was occasionally changed; the ditty was divided into three parts or verses; the latter was particularly hurried and exulting. On being requested to put this song into English, he replied, "Not well to do; but first we take fish, next take kangaroo, then take wife:" the particulars he declined translating ... The gentleman with whom Moo-wat-tin came to England had been a free settler under the auspices of the late Sir Joseph Banks. He remarked to some friends while here that during an intercourse of twenty years with the natives of New South Wales, he never saw an act or circumstance that partook of indelicacy. All other observances in well regulated society were disregarded, or perhaps unknown to this inferior race of beings. As in the case of his predecessor Be-ne-long, Moo-wat-tin, for some time after his return to New South Wales, retained the manners of an European. He treated those of his tribe with the greatest disdain, and seemed to cultivate a friendly intercourse with the free settlers; but he possessed no habits of industry, and nature could not be subdued. Liberty amongst his native woods and wilds had charms that rendered irksome the kindness of strangers, and dulled every sense of the superior enjoyments of civilisation. He returned to his original pursuits, to a state of nakedness and of precarious existence, and has rarely been seen since by any of the settlers of the colony.

"MOO-WAT-TIN", Graham's Illustrated Magazine of Literature, Romance, Art [Philadelphia] 10 (October 1835), 570-71

"AUSTRALIAN NATIVES. MOO-WAT-TIN AND BE-NE-LONG", Australasian Chronicle (23 July 1842), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Keith Vincent Smith, "Moowattin, Daniel (1791-1816)", Australian dictionary of biography supplement (2005), revised (?2015)

"Daniel Moowattin", Wikipedia

The Trial of Daniel Moowattin, LEMA

Smith 2011

MORANT, Thomas

Pianoforte tuner and repairer (Late Principal Tuner Messrs. W. H. Glen and Co. and Wilkie, Webster, and Co.)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1876
Died Fernbank, Gippsland, VIC, 13 August 1895, in his 65th year


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 September 1876), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 February 1878), 8

[Advertisement], The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (13 September 1879), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (31 August 1895), 1


Pianoforte maker (late of Allan & Co., Wilkie's)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1879


[Advertisement], The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (13 September 1879), 4

A. E. MOREY, PIANOFORTE MAKER, (late with Allan & Co., Wilkie's,) Begs to inform his friends and the public generally, that he is prepared to undertake PIANOFORTE REPAIRING in all its Branches. Tuning, Regulating, etc. Prices moderate, and work guaranteed. 17 MERTON CRESCENT, ALBERT PARK, EMERALD HILL.

[Advertisement], The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (22 November 1879), 4

MORGAN, Thomas E.

Choral conductor, composer

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1858


"THE EISTEDDFOD", The Star (30 December 1858), 2-3

Ballarat choir: new music by the conductor, Mr. Thomas E. Morgan, called Ballarat; the composition showed great taste and judgment in its arrangement, and justice was done to it by the choir.

[News], The Star (24 June 1864), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Ann Doggett, "And for Harmony most ardently we long", vol. 2, 77


French-horn player, bandsman (Band of the 40th Regiment)

Active Sydney and Hobart 1825-26
? Died Hobart, VDL (TAS), 22 May 1826

See also Band of the 40th Regiment


"SUPREME COURT", Hobart Town Gazette (27 May 1826), 2

Edward Moriarty, a handsome red-haired man, who played the French horn in the band of the 40th Regiment, had by accident or otherwise, a knife thrust in his mouth to such an extent as to cut the jugular vein, and his life is despaired of.

MORLEY, Frederick


Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1879
Died Lindfield, NSW, 21 April 1929, aged 78

MORLEY, Baron (Frederick Baron W. MORLEY)


Born 1876


1880-01-05: [Messiah] For this, the fourth performance of the Sacred Choral Association, Mr. W. Stanley, who officiated as conductor of "Israel in Egypt," in November, was appointed to wield the baton; Mr. F. Morley was the organist, and Mr. Hector Maclean, T.C.L., was the pianist; Signor Ortori and Mr. La Feuillade were the principal violins; the trumpet solo was given to Mr. J. Taylor; Mrs. P. Wells and Mrs. Davis were the soprano soloists, Mrs. Pratt and Miss Foxall the contralto, Mr. Parkinson the tenor, and Mr. H. Wilkinson the bass.

1920-07-31: In Church and musical circles a lively interest has been taken in the recent celebration, of Mr. Frederick Morley's 70th birthday. This esteemed musician has been organist and choir-master at St. John's Church, Darlinghurst, since 1885, besides teaching at six colleges and schools, and though he is now prudently relinquishing a few of these duties, he continues to lead a life as active as most of his younger colleagues. Mr. Morley was born at Bassingbourne, near Cambridge, and became a boy chorister under Pembroke Cole, of Ely Cathedral, and also studied music under Dr. Garrett organist of St John's College, Cambridge. In that city he held his first organ appointment 56 years ago, whilst his first engagement after his arrival in Sydney near the Eighties was at the Bourke-street Methodist Church. A little later he presided at the three-manual organ in the beautiful Garden-Palace (Botanic Gardens) destroyed by fire in 1881. Mr. Morley, who is one of the founders of the Sydney College of Music, also achieved a reputation as an organ-architect, many of the principal organs in the city and suburbs having been built according to his specifications and under his direction. In this way he sat on the local committee in connection with Messrs. Hill and Sons' magnificent instrument at the Town Hall, and with the late Alex. Rea and Mr. Nash made weekly inspections of the progress made in erecting it; and he was the first to introduce the tubular pneumatic action, notably at All Saints' Church, Petersham. In 1911 he revisited Europe, and met his brother the late Felix Morley, at that time organist of Pembroke College, Cambridge, whose anthems are well-known at St Andrew's Cathedral. There is, indeed, a very strong musical strain in the Morley family. His eldest brother, Bishop Morley (retired), now in his 80th year, is an able violinist and his son, Barron Morley, after a long and costly continental education, rose to eminence as a pianist, returned here some years ago to give largely-attended recitals at the Town Hall, and has been for some time a virtuoso in the United States, where his reputation is firmly established.


"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 July 1920), 8

"GOLDEN WEDDINGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 November 1925), 10

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1929), 10


Music editor, publisher (The Australian Harmonist)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1847


This book, issued by the otherwise unknown Morley, probably contained words only of the songs mentioned. The title refers not only to singers and singing as such, but also to socially harmonious gatherings and associations (as, for instance, the Australian Harmonic Club) which often met in public houses. No copy has been identified.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 October 1847), 1

NEW SONG BOOK.-To be had of the undersigned, the Australian Harmonist, being a choice collection of old Sea Songs, with a very superior selection of English, Irish, Scotch, Love, Sentimental, and Comic Songs, never before published in the colony, to which is added the Toast Master's Manual. G, MORLEY. Corner of O'connell and Hunter streets.

MORTIMER, Alfred Wyatt

Musician, organist, composer

Born London, 1856
Arrived Adelaide, SA, April 1889
Died Semaphore, SA, 5 October 1896, aged 40


"THE ENGLISH MAIL AT ALBANY", The Advertiser (8 April 1889), 5

"CHURCH INTELLIGENCE", The Advertiser (11 April 1889), 5

"CHURCH INTELLIGENCE", The Advertiser (22 April 1889), 7

[News], The Advertiser (8 November 1892), 5

"NEW MUSIC", The Advertiser (10 April 1894), 6

"THE SQUATTER'S ELEGY", South Australian Register (10 November 1894), 5

"RECEIVED", South Australian Register (16 December 1894), 5

"DEATH OF A PROMINENT MUSICIAN", South Australian Register (6 October 1896), 6

"DEATH OF MR. A. WYATT MORTIMER. A WELL-KNOWN MUSICIAN", The Advertiser (6 October 1896), 7

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (13 October 1896), 3

Published works:

Menuet (for piano) (Adelaide: P. A. Howells & Co., [between 1880 and 1889])

When love is done (a reverie, words from the French of Francis W. Bourdillon; Dedicated to and sung by Miss Ada Crossley) (Adelaide: P. A. Howells & Co., [1892])

The squatter's elegy (a typical squatter's song) (words: L.G.; music: A. Wyatt Mortimer) (Adelaide: P.A. Howells & Co., [1894])

MORTLEY, Frederick James

Amateur musician, organist, sergeant of the band (Hawkesbury Volunteer Rifles), mayor of Windsor

Born London, England, November 1841
Arrived NSW, 1842-43
Died Stanmore, NSW, 24 January 1915, aged 74



Mr. MORTLEY, sergeant of the band responded. If the band deserved any praise, it should be given to their worthy captain for his unceasing labours, in endeavouring to perfect them in a knowledge of music.

"MR. FREDERICK JAMES MORTLEY", Australian Town and Country Journal (15 October 1887), 28

MR. FREDERICK JAMES MORTLEY, Mayor of Windsor, was born in London in November, 1841, and went with his parents to New Zealand in 1842. After remaining a few months in New Zealand the family came to Sydney, and then to Windsor, in January, 1844. When about twelve years of age Mr. Mortley entered a chemist's shop to learn the business. But, after serving about twelve months, he arrived at the conclusion that this occupation would not suit him; and he left, and went to the boot trade, in which he has remained since. In his younger days Mr. Mortley had a great liking for music. His parents noticing this, encouraged it. He acted as organist in the Anglican Church in Richmond for some years, and has been organist in the Windsor church for eight or ten years ...

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1915), 8

"OBITUARY", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (5 February 1915), 4

... The late Frederick Mortley was born in Middlesex (England), and was the second son of Joseph Mortley, a builder. ... The subject of this notice and his elder brother came out to this country with their parents when the former was but 12 months old. They emigrated to New Zealand, but about one year later camo to Windsor. That was 72 years ago, in the roaring days, when the English regiments were stationed here, when the place was a penal settlement, and when Governor Lachlan Macquarie and ticket-of-leave men dominated the Green Hills, as Windsor was named in the early days. The family was reared here, and as he grew up Frederick Mortley was apprenticed to the late John Mills to learn the bootmaking trade. He became an expert tradesman, and when he grew to man's estate he married Rebecca Dyer, sister of the late Samuel E. Dyer. In later years the late Mr. Mortley put out his own sign, and soon became the proprietor of an extensive and flourishing boot factory, employing as many as 20 workmen at one time. ... Throughout his career he was closely identified with all the  advanced movements for the benefit of the town. He was attached to the infantry unit of the military service, and was a sergeant in the Windsor company for many years, and also a member of the military band. A fine musician, he could play almost any instrument, and was organist at St. Peter's Church, Richmond, and later at St. Matthew's, Windsor, for a considerable period. ... The late Mr. Mortley was 74 years of age. He died on Sunday, January 24, at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Wallace, at Stanmore. The remains were brought to Windsor, and the funeral proceeded from the residence of his son, Mr. W. J. Mortley, on the following afternoon to St. Matthew's cemetery. ... As the coffin was taken from the church the Dead March in "Saul" was played, and it was a pathetic recollection to those present that he whose remains were about to be committed to the earth had himself on many occasions played the mournful March on the same organ.


Soprano vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1860
Died Marrickville, NSW, 17 August 1910


[News], The Argus (5 April 1860), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 July 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 July 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (15 November 1861), 4

[News], The Argus (19 May 1862), 5

The "Lobgesang" followed, the vocal portions of which were well sustained by Miss Octavia Hamilton, Miss Mortley, and Mr. Beaumont, and the ladies and gentlemen of the Musical Union ...

[News], The Argus (24 May 1862), 4

The programme consisted of extracts from Handel's "Judas Maccabaeus", Mendelssohn's "Elijah," and Haydn's "Creation," which, with a band and chorus of fifty performers, were rendered with considerable excellence. ... Miss Bailey was to have been the soprano of the evening, but at almost the last moment her place was taken by Miss Sarah Mortley. ... "Oh rest in the Lord", from "Elijah," was admirably rendered by Miss Liddle, and the famous unaccompanied trio, "Lift thine eyes," sung by Miss Liddle, Miss S. Mortley, and Master Ford, was encored with enthusiasm. The selections from the "Creation" were very successfully performed. Miss S. Mortley sang "The marvellous work," which was nearly encored.

[News], The Argus (8 November 1862), 5

The principal performers were Miss Mortley, who sang with ease and sweetness ....

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 June 1865), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1866), 8

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (5 December 1870), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (23 August 1910), 1


Tenor vocalist, ballad singer

Active Melbourne, VIC, December 1852-May 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 February 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1853), 12

MOSS, Frederick

Professor of music, choral conductor, composer

Active Castlemaine, VIC, by 1858, until mid 1863


[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (26 May 1858), 3 

Elementary Singing Class. BY MR FREDERICK MOSS; THIS Class will be re-commenced in the Congregational Chapel, on Thursday evening, May 27th, at 7 o'clock precisely, to afford further opportunity for admitting persons desirous of becoming members. Tickets for the course of twelve lessons, 10s payable in advance ...

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Mount Alexander Mail (1 October 1860), 2 

... Last, but not least, we come to Mr. Frederick Moss, the originator and conductor of the Philharmonic. The untiring and gratuitous efforts of this gentleman to create a love for high class music in Castlemaine are well known, and the result of his zeal was seen on Thursday, when some of the finest productions of Hayden, Mozart, and Mendelsohn were presented in a dress not wholly unworthy of them. The Philharmonic is now an establised institution amoug us, and we hope that at the next concert Mr. Moss mav be enabled to wield his baton over an orchestra and chorus greatly increased in strength by accessions of amateurs who have hot yet enrolled themselves under his able command ... We understand that the Philharmonic are about to rehearse tbe Messiah for performance at Christmas, the orchestral and vocal parts having just arrived from England ...

"MR. MOSS'S MASS", Mount Alexander Mail (4 November 1862), 2

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (18 February 1869), 2 

Mr. Hodgson has received by the mail six copies of Mr F. Moss's mass in C, at one time performed by the Philharmonic Society of the town to whom it is dedicated. It is beautifully printed, is of folio size and extends to 111 pages. Now that this mass is in print its performance may again be looked for, either at the chapel or by the Choral Society. From the list of subscribers, whose names are published, it seems to be well thought of in high circles in India.

MOSS, Henry

Poet, songwriter

Born UK, c. 1830/31
Arrived Australia, by 1851
Died Nowra, Shoalhaven, NSW, 18 September 1887



Members of the family of Matthew Moss (1795-1868) of London

MOSS, Joseph

MOSS, Reuben

Professors of Music, Professors of Pianoforte (Quadrille Parties attended)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by June 1855
Joseph died Dunedin, NSW, 3 October 1904, aged 69


The "Messiuers Moss pianists from London" were probably recently arrived in Melbourne in June 1855. A list of steerage passengers recently arrived on the Royal Charter from London in January 1860 included: "Joseph Moss, London, a Jew, age about 45; was in Australia before, and sailed in the Kent."

At the consecration of Ballarat Synagogue in March 1861:

... The choir consisted of Messrs. Isaacs, Benjamin, Bernstein, Deutsch, and Sanders, led at the harmonium by Mr J. Moss, the whole of the music being the composition of his father, Mr Matthew Moss, of London.

This was the English cantor-composer, Matthew Moss (1795-1868). The pianist and music-seller Lewis Moss, active in Sydney from 1854, was probably their uncle (see below). Another Joseph Moss, with family in NZ, died in Ballarat in 1869.


[Advertisement], The Argus (7 June 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 July 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 November 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 May 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 April 1857), 8

"THE ROYAL CHARTER", The Star (11 January 1860), 3

"THREATENING LANGUAGE", The Argus (22 February 1860), 7


"DEATHS", The Ballarat Star (27 July 1869), 2 

"A CASE OF DISTRESS. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (18 February 1893), 6

"DUNEDIN, N.Z.", Jewish Herald (21 October 1904), 14 

I have to record the death on Monday, 3rd October, to the great regret of a numerous circle of friends and relatives, of Mr. Joseph Moss, of this city, at the age of sixty-nine. The deceased gentleman was a native of London, where his father, the late Matthew Moss, was a well-known professor of music and choirmaster of the Bayswater Synagogue. He was carefully educated by his father for the musical profession. He emigrated to Victoria about fifty years ago, and after residing a few years in Ballarat with his brother, the late Reuben Moss, he came to Donedin, where he settled and married a daughter of the late Mr. Lewis Lewis. Mr. Moss became choirmaster of the Dunedin Synagogue in 1873, and at once brought the musical portion of the services to a degree of excellence never before attained. As a teacher of the pianoforte he had a very successful career for many years, and some of his pupils have greatly distinguished themselves as performers and teachers. His family have all inherited the talents of their father and grandfather, although only two of them have followed the musical profession, Miss Anita Moss having adopted the operatic stage, and Miss Esther Moss, a music teacher in this city. Mr. Moss is survived by Mrs. Moss and a family of seven sons and five daughters. Three of his sons are in the legal practice in Western Australia, one of whom, the Hon. Matthew Lewis Moss, was Colonial Secretary of that colony.

Bibliography and resources:

Goldman, The Jews in Victoria (1954), 169

Doggett 2006, And for harmony we most ardently long, vol.1, 240-41 (grandson of Matthew Moss of London)

MOSS, Lewis

Quadrille pianist, music and musical instrument seller, music publisher, composer

Born England. c.1805/6
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 February 1852 (per Crishnai, from San Francisco)
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 July 1875, aged 70 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Lewis Moss (? with Joseph Moss, ? above, on his first visit to Australia, see above) arrived from San Francisco in February 1852. Lewis was in business as a Sydney music seller by early 1854. Rigoletto, a new polka masourka ("introducing that favourite melody La Donna e Mobile [Verdi], by L. Moss") ([Sydney: Lewis Moss, 1857]) was perhaps the first of his musical publications. As well as local editions of imported repertoire, he later issued prints of two works by Cutolo (1860), dances by Miss E. C. Wilson and Julia Simmons (1861), and in 1867 his own Adon Gnolom: a Hebrew hymn ("for four voices with an accompaniment for the organ, harmonium, or piano forte, composed by Lewis Moss"). At the York Street Synagogue in September 1862, it was reported that the ceremony was concluded by "a most brilliant Hallelujah chorus (150th Psalm) with a florrid solo sung with great taste by Miss Simmons. The music was composed by Mr. Moss, brother of Mr. L. Moss of this city". This was perhaps a reference to Matthew Moss (1795-1868), who elsewhere is reported to have been the father of Joseph Moss.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Empire (24 February 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1853), 1s

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1853), 5

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 January 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 December 1857), 2

"MR. LAVENU", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1859), 5


"A NEW HEBREW HYMN", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1867), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1875), 1

MOSS, Sydney

Pianist, teacher, composer

Born Sydney, NSW, 9 January 1854 (son of Lewis MOSS)
Died Sydney, NSW, May 1902, aged 48 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Summary (1897):


"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 January 1854), 5


The Choir then united in singing the 24th Psalm (Lodovid Mismour) to a very beautiful service expressly composed for the occasion by Mr. Sydney Moss of this city, from the conservatoire of Leipsic. The effect of this admirable composition was extremely good, the solo parts (by Mrs. David Barnett) contrasting beautifully with the counter chorus of the male voices.

"THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, SYDNEY", Australian Town and Country Journal (2 March 1878), 16 

"A JEWISH WEDDING", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1881), 6

For the musical services at the wedding of Dinah Levey, daughter of Montague LEVEY in March 1881, it was reported: "The service was principally chanted by the priest, the music weird and strange, like that which Verdi has used for the sacred temple in "Aida" ... Mr. Sydney Moss had set a psalm to music in honour of the event, this was well sung by the choir."

"DEATH OF MR. SYDNEY MOSS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 May 1902), 3

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. SYDNEY MOSS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1902), 9

"SYDNEY MOSS: Master Musician. AN APPRECIATION", Jewish Herald (6 June 1902), 4

"THE LATE SYDNEY MOSS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1926), 7

Bibliography and resources:

"Moss, Sydney", British musical biography: a dictionary of musical artists (1897), 291

Son of Lewis Moss, he studied at Leipzig, under Reinecke, David, and E. F. Richter, 1865-74. Returned to Sydney in 1874, and was conductor of the Musical Union in that city to the year 1881. Mr. Moss has been most disinterested in his service to music in Australia

MOSSMAN, Samuel Felix (Mr. S. F. MOSSMAN)

Professor of music, lecturer on music, accordion player, author

Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1842
Active Sydney, NSW, by September 1845
Departed Sydney, NSW, 15 March 1850 (per Honduras, for London)
Back in Melbourne, VIC, 1857 (NLA persistent identifier)


Mossman lectured on music in Sydney in 1846 and in Launceston in 1849. In the interim, according to the Argus, he had been in Melbourne. A report of his "lecture on music" at Launceston in June 1849:

He would have preferred lecturing on natural history, but the means and appliances for illustrating that subject were not available. It was not his intention to dive into the abstruse theory of harmony or thorough bass: these would require a series of lectures from one better acquainted with the science than himself. He was but an amateur, and he hoped professional gentlemen would not be too severe in their criticisms ... There can be but little doubt that man first copied his musical powers from the grove. Any one who has witnessed a corroboree of the natives of New South Wales must at once distinguish in their yells an imitation of the cockatoo and crow; and also in the "cooey" of a bird which makes the same sound. Now, how different would have been the music of these savages had the morning been greeted by the tuneful notes of the ascending lark, instead of the screams of the cockatoo and laughing jackass; or had the stillness of the night been broken by the voice of the nightingale, instead of the screech of the "morepor"'.


[Advertisement], Port Philip Gazette (18 May 1842), 2 

SPLENDID NOVELTY THEATRE ... AFTER WHICH MR. MOSSMAN Will preform some of the most popular Airs on the Accordian.

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (23 August 1842), 1237 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1845), 1

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1846), 3

[Letter]: "TO THE EDITOR", The Australian (25 July 1846), 3

"MR. MOSSMAN'S LECTURES", The Australian (1 August 1846), 3

"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 May 1847), 2

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Launceston Examiner (16 June 1849), 3

[News], The Cornwall Chronicle (23 June 1849), 670

"LAUNCESTON", The Argus (4 July 1849), 2

... The lecturer gave a specimen of his own composition, both of words and music, which was loudly applauded. The song commenced: "Come let us round the bushfire form."

"DEPARTURE", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1850), 2

"CHAMBER OF COMMERCE", The Age (29 July 1857), 5 

"MELBOURNE THIRTY-FIVE YEARS AGO AND MELBOURNE TO-DAY", The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (10 July 1875), 55 

We are indebted to Mr. Samuel Mossman, an early settler in this colony, but now resident in the mother country, for the kindness which placed at our disposal the drawing from which our artist has engraved the sketch of "Melbourne in 1840" ...

MOUL, Alfred

Pianist, harpist, concert and theatre reviewer, composer, theatre manager

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 17 December 1876 (per Kent, from London, 15 October)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, after July 1883
Died London, England, 18 January 1924 (NLA persistent identifier)


Though he appears in a published shipping list in December 1876 as "Moule", it was as "Alfred Moul (Certificated Pupil of Sir Julius Benedict), Recently arrived in Melbourne" that he advertised that he would "give instruction in Pianoforte, American Organ, Singing and Sight Reading" in January 1877. I remain unsure, but suspect that this arrival may in fact have been a return, as there is a musical reference to an Alfred Moule in Melbourne in 1867; an Arthur Moule, and his wife Rebecca (NORDT), see below, are also on record as public performers; while the J. C. Williamson's conductor-composer Alfred Moulton was also confused him (see Disambiguation). Later, Bernard Shaw clearly had the impression that Moul had just spent some time at the Antipodes, not come from there. In February 1877 Moul presented a sample of his already published compositions to the Argus, which reviewed them in considerable detail, concluding:

From these specimens of his talent, we look upon Mr. Moul as a young composer of great promise, whose presence in Melbourne will be a gain to the musical circles of the place, and while we admire the natural bent of his mind in its sympathies with the latest developments in harmony, we would point out that there are pedants even in the newest of schools, and counsel him to be careful not to be ranked as one of them.

Moul performed in concerts and continued to compose. In February 1880 The Queenslander greeted his Lily Queen Valse as "quite above the ordinary standard of dance music" and Moul himself as "a young colonial composer who is rapidly acquiring a reputation that promises to be recognised beyond the colonies." However, when Paolo Giorza played on the piano his newly published The jolly tars march in Sydney in December 1879, the Herald thought it "looks better music on paper than it is when heard".

By mid-1880, Moul was also writing music reviews for the Melbourne press, The Age and Leader, which quickly led to conflicts of interest. In August, the pianist Alice Charbonnet objected to George Allan requiring her to play Moul's Mon amour waltz at the Exhibition on account of a negative review Moul had written of her, describing her as her "the pet of the ballet". The dispute ended up with Allan taking Charbonnet to court, where she described Moul's piece as "not an ugly waltz, but not a pretty one" either, and Allan calling the visiting Italian music reviewers Giuliano Noghera and Martino Astulfoni (members of the Italian trade delegation to the Exhibition), as well as Alberto Zelman and Alfred Plumpton to give evidence as to the waltz's quality. But the judge ruled that its quality was not at issue, and, Allan having anyway been "nasty to her mother", ruled for the poor lady pianist.

In October 1881, at the door of Allan's in Collins Street, the hot-headed Antonio Giammona physically assaulted Moul for a slighting review of his recently published Mass, and though a fine was registered against Giammona when the case came to court, it was small enough to be an embarrassment to Moul.

This was followed by a similar incident in February 1883 when James Moore assaulted Moul for his published attack on his sister Maggie Moore, the well-known actress. This may well have been the last straw for Moul who in May 1883 announced that he was "about to leave the colony for England, where he intends to remain".

Julius Seide and Alfred Plumpton headed the committee that organised his farewell benefit in July.

The press, typically claiming him as a former colonial, continued to refer to Moul's successful career abroad, notably as manager of the Alhambra Theatre in London (where, for the queen's diamond jubilee in 1897 he commissioned Arthur Sullivan's ballet Victoria and merrie England), as a composer occasionally adding new numbers to his music productions (notably several numbers for a London run of Frédéric Toulmouche's opera The wedding eve, that Moul later also published under the pseudonym "Yvolde"), and, most importantly, as a member of the International Copyright Union. It was in this latter role that Moul was famously described by George Bernard Shaw in a review in The Star (15 November 1889) (reprinted here in 1937):

... there is at present in the field a formidable and more dignified representative of performing rights in the person of Mr. Alfred Moul, whom bandmasters and arrangers and "selection" makers of all sorts, accustomed to free communism in musical compositions, are now vigorously denouncing as a black-mailer. This means that he has been making people pay for something which they have hitherto pirated for nothing. Before I say anything as to the merits of such a proceeding I may mention that the denunciations of Mr. Moul specially amused me, because he is an old acquaintance of mine; and I derive the usual entertainment from seeing people whom I privately know in a vigorous row of any kind. When I first came across Mr. Alfred Moul some twenty years or so ago, I took him to be a young man of about eighteen, unnaturally self-sufficient and finished for his age, and a very clever pianist, though not then a professional one. When I last saw him, at the "private view" of Her Majesty's Theatre as decorated for Mr. Leslie's recent promenade concerts, the lapse of two decades had made the gravest alterations, not to say ravages, in my own aspect; but Moul (I lapse for the moment into the familiarity of private intercourse) was still eighteen. The effect of this curious phenomenon was totally to destroy my faith in my original estimate of his years ... I have always urged that copyrights should be shortened as they extend internationally, but whilst they last they are the means by which the author or composer gets paid for his labor. If Mr. Moul is a blackmailer for enforcing them, then so is any agent who enforces the payment of a patentee's royalty; so equally is the concert-giver who enforces payment of a shilling at the turnstile ....


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (18 December 1876), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1877), 8

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (6 February 1877), 10

[News], The Argus (19 February 1877), 4

"THE MELBOURNE ORATORIO SOCIETY", The Argus (29 March 1877), 6

"MR. LEVY'S BENEFIT", The Argus (25 June 1877), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 November 1879), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 November 1879), 12

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1879), 5

"MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1879), 3

[News], The Queenslander (21 February 1880), 241

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 February 1880), 8

[News], The Argus (28 February 1880), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 June 1880), 12

[News], The Argus (18 January 1881), 5

"A MUSICIAN'S DISPUTE", The Argus (16 March 1881), 10


[News], The Argus (20 February 1883), 6

"ASSAULT ON MR. MOUL", The Argus (27 February 1883), 9

"THE RECENT THEATRICAL ASSAULT CASE", South Australian Register (2 April 1883), 5

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1883), 11

[News], The Argus (17 May 1883), 4

"MR. MOUL'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (2 July 1883), 4

[News], The Argus (10 August 1885), 4

"THE INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT UNION", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 August 1889), 11

"ENGLISH THEATRICAL NOTES", The Argus (17 March 1894), 15


"MEN AND WOMEN", Advocate (21 January 1924), 2

"OBITUARY", The Register (21 January 1924), 8

"THE LATE MR. ALFRED MOUL", Hawera & Normanby Star (22 March 1924), 10


Before re 1877, ? Alfred Moule:

[News], The Argus (14 October 1867), 4

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1869), 2

"A. Moule": [Advertisement], The Argus (18 January 1868), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 February 1869), 3

Arthur Moule: [News], The Argus (24 February 1870), 4

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (17 December 1869), 4

Later, Alfred Moulton was often confused with Moul:

"AMUSEMENTS", The Register (31 March 1909), 7

"HER MAJESTY'S THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1907), 17

"THE BUSKER", Sunday Times (18 April 1909), 1s

Musical works:

St. Kilda valse (Melbourne: Allan & Co. (Wilkies), [original edition ?; New edition 1880])

Lily queen valse (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1879])

The jolly tars march (Sydney: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1879])

Sleigh bells (song; words by Maydew) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1880])

Bibliography and resources:

MOULE, Arthur Robert

Tenor vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, c.1870

MOULE, Rebecca (Rebecca Henrietta Wilhemlina NORDT) = Rebecca NORDT

Mezzo soprano vocalist


MOULTON, Alfred R. (Alfred Raoul Prevoteaux)

Bass vocalist, conductor, composer

Born Hastings, England, 1862
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1884
Active Melbourne, VIC, until 1900


Moulton's serio-comic military opera Lelamine was produced in Melbourne in 1897 (libretto by Edward Krusard), but it been previously produced at the Gaiety Theatre, Hastings, UK, in 1889, where it was indeed noted that it had been composed in Melbourne, Australia. Moulton was naturalised a USA citizen in 1918.


"Music and Musicians", Table Talk (17 November 1894), 4

A new sacred cantata, entitled St. Stephen, the first Christian martyr, is to be performed on Tuesday next in the West Melbourne Presbyterian Church. The words are by the Rev. James Gibson, and the music by Mr. Alfred R. Moulton. The choir (of 60 voices) will he assisted by St. Andrew's Church choir and the following artists:- Signorina Rebottaro and Mrs. Mortimer, soprani; Miss Ada Power, Miss Frederica Mitchell and Miss Bessie Harper, contralti; Mr. A. J. Pallett and Mr. A. Hackett, tenori; Mr. Jenvey, baritone, and Mr. W. Thomson, bass. There will also be a string quartet, composed of Messrs. Harry Stevens, Sutch, Dierich and Mr. Claude Harrison. Mr. W. H. Couplund will preside at the organ, and Mr. Moulton, the composer, will conduct.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 May 1895), 12

"CURRENT TOPICS", Launceston Examiner (26 March 1897), 5

"CONTINUED SUCCESS OF LELAMINE", The Argus (12 May 1897), 6

"Mr. A. R. MOULTON", Table Talk (15 February 1900), 18

Mr. Alfred Raoul Prevoteaux Moulton, who receives a benefit concert at the Town Hall next Saturday evening prior to his departure for America to stage his operas, was born in 1862 at Hastings, England, and under the care of his French mother, an accomplished musician, early developed a love for music. In 1878 he was sent to Paris to pursue his musical studies, and turned his attention to opera, but he was recalled to London and entered the well-known firm of John Brinsmead and Sons, at the same time keeping up his musical studies, among his teachers being the late Sir J. Benedict, Mons. Geaussant and Edwin Bending (Organist, Albert Hall), and entered St. Paul's Cathedral Choir under Dr. Stainer, afterwards receiving the position of Solo Bass Chorister at the Church of the Rev. H. R. Haweis, who some time ago came out to Australia on a lecturing tour, later on becoming a member of the Albert Hall Choir under the baton of Joseph Barnby, singing also in the Festival Choirs at the Crystal Palace under August Manns. In 1884 he came out to Melbourne as representative of Messrs. Brinsmead, and became a prominent member of the Melbourne musical profession. In 1892 he organised a complete concert company, subsequently inaugurating a series of Sunday concerts with programmes of high class sacred music. Mr. Moulton, in collaboration with M. Krusard, has written four operas, Pasquita (a Spanish romantic opera), The Toy Box (a one-act comic opera), Old maids (an English farcical comedy) and Lelamine, which was such a great success when produced in Melbourne a few years ago. The clever composer was for some time under engagement to Messrs. Williamson and Musgrove, having started as conductor of the Belle of New York company at the Princess Theatre, and subsequently toured the colonies, other operas produced under his musical direction being The Geisha and La Poupee. He was also connected with the Metropolitan Liedertafel during the production of Professor Marshall Hall's play, Alkestis, and materially assisted in the success of that representation. He now goes to New York with the intention of finding an opening for his last musical comedy, written by Henry Temple, entitled An American Girl, which was produced at the Princess Theatre some time ago, but was unsuccessful owing to the inability of the authors to obtain a cast suitable to the requirements of the comedy, and also through the position adopted towards it by certain theatrical managers. Members of the profession will remember the circumstances. The American Girl was far better than many of the "musical comedies" which have been staged, and have prospered because of their American or European hall-mark, and it is to be hoped that Moulton will meet with the success he deserves.

"THE LORGNETTE", Observer (1 June 1907), 6

"ST. GEORGE'S CATHEDRAL. To the editor", The West Australian (17 September 1907), 6

"HER MAJESTY'S THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1907), 17

"AMUSEMENTS", The Register (31 March 1909), 7

"THE BUSKER", Sunday Times (18 April 1909), 1s

Musical works:

Boomerang march (March of the Savages composed by Alfred R. Moulton; Dedicated to the president & members of the Melbourne Savage Club) (Melbourne: Allan & Co. Ltd., [1895])

MOUNTCASTLE, Benjamin Such

Amateur vocalist, treasurer (Australian Harmonic Club, Sydney Philharmonic Society), hatter

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 April 1841 (from London, via Hobart)
Died North Shore, NSW, 7 April 1891, in his 87th year



Born Sydney, NSW, 7 December 1859
Active Sydney, NSW, 1885-86


National Archives UK: MS 11936/563/1278739: Sun insurance records (11 July 1838)

Insured: Benjamin Such Mountcastle, 28 Aldgate High Street. hat manufacturer.

"PORT OF HOBART TOWN", The Courier (5 March 1841), 2

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Monitor (9 April 1841), 2

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (27 October 1842), 4

"INSOLVENCY PROCEEDINGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 May 1844), 2


After each toast, an appropriate duet, trio, or chorus was sung by Brothers Waller, Allen, Gibbs, Mountcastle, Tibbey, &c. &c., which added greatly to the harmony and conviviality of the evening; the oldest members declared that it was the happiest and most delightful anniversary dinner they had ever attended.

"MR. DEANE'S CONCLUDING LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Australian (11 September 1845), 3

Burns' famous drinking song "Willie brewed a Peck o'Maut" was admirably sung and acted, too, by Messrs. Waller, Mountcastle, and Salter, but not to Burns' music. We could not, like the stranger, exclaim we had "heard that air before", nevertheless, a beautiful air it was, and elicited the rapturous encore it so well deserved.

"PENTRITH", Bell's Life in Sydney (18 July 1846), 3

The dinner was an excellent one, and the wines ditto; but the waiters amused themselves by tumbling over each other, and letting the guests help themselves. The Howsons and brother Mountcastle did the musical, and did it very well.


An appropriate air was played by the Band after every toast, and a rich addition to the feast was found in the exercise of the vocal powers of the Messrs. F. and J. Howson, F. Allan, C. Tibbey, W. Griffiths, B. Mountcastle, &c, who, during the evening, gave those less gifted than themselves, a rich treat.


Having made an excellent supper, you can then satisfactorily take your departure ... and if your shabby hat happens to be up stairs, n'importe, take some good Mountcastle - the first that comes to hand; such robberies are mere bagatelles nowadays; cloaks, galoshes, all the same.

"VOTING TWICE", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 September 1850), 2

"THE QUEEN V. B. S. MOUNTCASTLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 October 1850), 2

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Illustrated Sydney News (22 April 1854), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 August 1854), 1

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1857), 6

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 December 1859), 1

"Y.M.C.A.", Australian Town and Country Journal (12 September 1885), 14

"THE SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1886), 9

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 January 1889), 4

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (9 April 1891), 4

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1891), 4

Yesterday the remains of Mr. Benjamin Mountcastle were interred in the Gore Hill Cemetery, St. Leonards. Mr. Mountcastle was aged 85 years. He arrived in the colony upwards of 60 years ago ...

MOWLE, Stewart Marjoribanks

Amateur musician, Indigenous culture and song reporter

Born Deal, Kent, England, 17 March 1822
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18 May 1836 (free per William Lockerby, from London, 5 January)
Died Woollahra, NSW, 20 November 1908, aged 86

MOWLE, Agnes Isobel Douglas

Pianist, composer, poet, journalist

Born Miller's Point, NSW, 30 April 1871 (daughter of Stewart MOWLE above)
Died Woollahra, NSW, 10 September 1961

MOWLE, Ernest Aubrey

Musician, opera coach, conductor

Born South Kingston (Stanmore), NSW, 26 May 1874 (grandson of Stewart MOWLE above)
Died Port Macquarie, NSW, 5 September 1956

Images: Stewart Mowle, c.1865-70



Stewart Mowle evidently had personal contacts during the late 1830s and 1840s with Indigenous singers in the Quenbeyan Canberra area. In Mowle 1891, he transliterated (but could not translate) texts of two songs, "Korindabria bogarona iwa-riniang" (a fuller text, as opposed to the bare incipit used by Isaac Nathan in his setting; see:, and "Buddha-buddharo, nianga, boomelana" (see also Mowle 1896 Both songs were also reproduced by Banjo Paterson in Paterson 1896. Stewart Mowle was secretary of the Civil Servive Musical Society in the 1870s and 1880s.

His grandson E. A. Mowle later conducted the Lands Department Musical Society on an amateur basis, and was for a while in the 1910s and 1920s a professional opera coach. He was founding conductor in 1926 of the Canberra Philharmonic Society. Around 1899, with the help of his daughter Agnes, Stewart Mowle prepared his memoirs, "Journal in retrospect", now in the NLA: Agnes was also a composer of at least two published songs, a writer, and journalist.


"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 May 1836), 2

"Civil Service Musical Society", Evening News (8 December 1881), 2

S. M. Mowle, Aboriginal songs: a few words of their language and mis-spelt names of places ([Sydney: N.S.W. Govt. Printer], 1891) (listed in Etheridge 1895)

S. M. Mowle, "Aboriginal songs and words", Australian Town and Country Journal (16 May 1896), 24

"Sydney Gossip", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (24 June 1899), 1457

Have you beard Agnes Mowle's new song, "Dreamland"? It is so pretty and the words again show the poetic proclivities that have often appeared in the "Mail" - a simple little song that can be easily learnt without the music by the girl who can sit down and play without much fuss or persuasion. Are you not always pleased to hear that an Australian born girl succeeds without European assistance, as in this case of Agnes Mowle, who has never been out of the colony - nay, even outside the heads?

"LANDS MUSICAL SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 September 1905), 12

"PERSONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1908), 12

The death occurred yesterday at Woollahra, of Mr. Stewart Marjoribanks MOWLE at the age of 86. Mr. Mowle, who was the third son of the late Mr. Richard Mowle, an officer of the Imperial Revenue Service, was born at Deal in 1822. He arrived in Sydney in 1836, and was educated at the Normal Institution, and at the Sydney College, now the Sydney Grammar School, when he had with him as schoolmates T. Brown ("Rolfe Boldrewood"), late Dr. Norton, W. Smith, W. Robberds, Walter Lamb and Edmund Gibbes, with the last of whom he was an intimate friend. In July, 1838 Mr. Mowle decided to take to squatting at Sir T. A. Murray's Yarrowlumla property, where in the midst of the great drought of 1837-9 he was left in charge of the establishment, 25,000 sheep, and 50 or 60 men, mostly convicts. In October 1845, Mr. Mowle entered into partnership with Mr. Edward Thompson, went to Mannas, on the tableland of the Murray, then called the Hume. The country being wet and unfit for sheep, a return was made to Yarrowlumla. He subsequently settled at Canberra, but having suffered great loss through droughts and disease, gave up the land and was in 1852 appointed sub-collector of Customs and Water Police magistrate at Eden. He remained there until 1855 when he joined the Customs-house in Sydney. In 1862 Mr. Mowle obtained the position of clerk in the Legislative Council, and in 1883 he was appointed Usher of the Black Rod, which office he held until he retired in 1905. The deceased was for many years secretary of the late Civil Service Club and was also one of the first directors of the Civil Service Co-operative Society and secretary to the Civil Service Musical Society. In the early days Mr. Mowle was a frequent contributor to the press. He married the only daughter of Dr. Thomas Braidwood Wilson R.N., and later the daughter of the Rev. W. W. Simpson . . .

"ANOTHER PIONEER GONE", Queanbeyan Age (24 November 1908), 2

"AN EARLY PIONEER", The Braidwood Dispatch and Mining Journal (25 November 1908), 2

"THE NAME CANBERRA", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 December 1920), 11

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S SECOND CONCERT", Federal Capital Pioneer (20 August 1926), 1 supplement

"PRESENTATION", The Canberra Times (14 October 1926), 8

"As I recall ... How the Causeway got its name", The Canberra Times (3 October 1964), 2

The Causeway was the scene of many concerts and social occasions in the large hall that was erected there by community effort, before the availability of the Albert Hall in 1928. The first broadcast of a concert from Canberra took place from it in 1926. The Philharmonic Society, under Aubrey Mowle, rendered a programme of operatic selections, and one of the artists was the [later well-known] radio personality, Wilfrid Thomas.

"As I recall . . . A blow from an angry trombone", The Canberra Times (21 May 1966), 25

A talented draughtsman and musical conductor, Aubrey Mowle, grandson of one of Canberra's earliest settlers last century, joined our Survey Office staff in 1926 and he formed a Philharmonic Society and an orchestra with members of the first joining the latter as required. The first public Anzac Day Service in Canberra was held in 1926, on Camp Hill, behind Parliament House, and the band rendered the appropriate music and accompanied the singing of several hymns. Les Edwards, an accomplished trumpeter, played the Last Post, and Reveille. In 'Abide with Me', the band's tempo began to drag badly, and Mowle, present as a spectator, becoming desperate at this, went behind the bandmaster and, grabbing his arm, endeavoured to accelerate his beat, as indicated by the movement of the trombone. This infuriated the bandmaster, who had begun too early to celebrate the anniversary, and he attempted to strike Mowle with his trombone, whilst the concourse concluded the hymn in a ragged fashion - a situation without precedent for an Anzac Memorial Service ...

Musical works:

Dreamland (serenade, written and composed by Agnes Mowle) (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., [1899])

Morning (written and composed by Agnes Mowle) (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., [1902])

Bibliography and resources:

Patricia Clarke, "Mowle, Mary Braidwood (1827-1857)", Australian dictionary of biography supplement (2005)

MOXON, Septimus

Bass vocalist. choral singer (Melbourne Philharmonic), merchant

Born Hull, England, ? 1823
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853
Died Sydney, NSW, 8 March 1887, aged 62


[According to the 1851 UK census, he was born in Hull in 1823]

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 September 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 April 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1862), 8

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Argus (11 April 1868), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 October 1868), 4

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERT. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (24 November 1868), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (15 March 1887), 1

MOYLE, James

Organ builder, music seller

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1864


[Advertisement], The Argus (2 September 1856), 3

"CHRIST CHURCH ORGAN", The Star (15 November 1864), 2

"NOTES AND NEWS", South Bourke Standard (17 February 1865), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 August 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 May 1868), 8

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (22 October 1872), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, 57-58

... probably James Moyle, who arrived in the bay on the ship William Stewart on 15 May 1848 ... In his later years he was described as a "music seller" and he died at the age of 71 years on 7 November 1874.

MUDGE, Parmenas Pearce
Professor of music

Born Exeter, England, 1829
Active Melbourne, VIC, from 1853
Died Strathfieldsaye, VIC, 1892, aged 63


"Late organist of St. John's Cathedral, Newfoundland", P. P. Mudge was a rare example of a Canadian emigrant. Three sons of Parmenus Pearce Mudge, senior, professor of music of Exeter, England, were reportedly "like many others in the 'fifties', ...attracted to Victoria by the gold fever of the period, but failed to do any good for [themselves]". Parmenas Pearce, Samuel and Burnet Patrick Patch Mudge (1830-1906) were all schoolmasters in Brighton, VIC, in the mid 1850s, and P. P. was still on the electoral roll there in 1859. By 1864 he was a minister of the Free Church of England, a music teacher in Bendigo (1865, 1869) and Echuca (1874). Burnet, later a Methodist minister in South Australia, was also musical, as in particular was his daughter. Samuel also named his son Parmenas Pearce (died Albury, NSW, 1885, aged 28).


"MARRIAGES", The Gentleman's Magazine (August 1844), 201

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 June 1853), 8

"MARRIED", The Argus (8 April 1856), 4

[Bankrupts], The London Gazette (27 July 1858), 3501

"BANKRUPTS", The Jurist (25 September 1858), 400

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (3 October 1859), 4

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (8 August 1865), 1

"THE PROJECTED FREE CHURCH OF ENGLAND. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (29 December 1865), 3

... on the 5th of July last, I left Waranga, where I had, for rather more than two years, been laboring as a minister of the Free Church of England, and came, in a state of health which quite disqualified me for the onerous duties of the ministry, to reside in Sandhurst, as a teacher of music ... And after prayer, and much consideration, I determined to begin by holding weekly services in some public building, which should be less wearisome to worldly people than church services usually are. The prayers (selected from the Common Prayer Book of the Established Church) will be short and suitable to the congregation, and so will be the readings from the Word of God, and also the sermon. I have engaged Herr Gollmick, who is well known to all as a teacher, composer and conductor of music, to form and instruct a choir to sing pleasing sacred music, and I believe he is succeeding beyond my expectation.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (25 January 1869), 4

[Advertisement], Riverine Herald (28 January 1874), 3

"UNITED METHODIST CHURCH, BURNSIDE", South Australian Register (16 February 1882), 4

"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (4 July 1906), 6

"Missing Friends", The World's News (2 July 1910), 2  

Bibliography and resources:


Violinist (Tanunda School Band)

Active Tanunda, SA, 1853


"TANUNDA SCHOOL EXAMINATION", South Australian Register (29 March 1853), 2


Singer, songwriter, colonial songster

Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1855


James Mulholland took a benefit at Ballarat in February 1855, when the Argus reported:

... on Friday evening last Mr. Barlow gave a benefit, and a well-deserved one, to his able and talented poet (the poet laureate of Ballaarat), Mr. James Mulholland. The house was a bumper, and received all the novelties, whimsicalities, and musicalities of the evening with great enthusiasm. I am happy to state that it is Mr. Mulholland's intention to publish his productions at a cheap rate, so as to be within the reach of all. As a picture of true Australian life, more particularly in some of its humorous features, they cannot be surpassed.

It was duly reported in June that a "book of local songs ... for the most part written by Mr. James Mulholland" had been released, recently referred to as the Ballarat songster, though more probably The Victoria songster, numbers of which began to be issued by Charlwood and Sons in Melbourne in April 1855 (the series reached issue 3 that year), and to which Mulholand contributed (see second edition, 1860:

James Mulholland also produced the lyrics for the burletta, The siege of Sebastopol, written for the minstrel singer Barlow, and performed at the Salle de Valentino, Melbourne in November 1855. At Mulholland's benefit in Ballarat in September 1856, three songs with words by Mulholland and music composed by Alfred Oakey were sung, Song for the bush (sung by Mrs. Oakey), Ballarat proper (Mr. D. Golding), and The forthcoming election (Mulholland).

Was he the same James Mulholland who, as Eastern Ballarat Town Clerk in 1859, was found guilty of embezzlement? A James Mulholland, of journalistic fame, is later referred to in the New Zealand press as having been an associate in Ballarat of a Mr. Dimant.


"BALLARAT", The Argus (22 February 1855), 6

"VICTORIA SONGSTER", The Argus (25 April 1855), 5

"BALLARAT', The Argus (26 June 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 November 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Star (30 August 1856), 3

"MR. MULHOLLAND'S BENEFIT", The Star (2 September 1856), 2

"MARRIED", The Star (16 February 1859), 2

"DISTRICT POLICE COURT", The Star (31 May 1859), 2

"BALLARAT DISTRICT COURT", Bell's Life in Sydney (9 July 1859), 4

? "Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1878), 12

[News], The Colonist (22 June 1893), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Doggett 2006

MÜLLER, Daniel

Bandsman (Burton's Band)

Active, SA, 1856


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same.

MUNCE, Mr. (junior; ? son of Samuel MUNCE)

Violin payer

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1835


Probably one of the three eldest sons of Samuel Munce (1778-1841): William John (1814-1892), Samuel Moore (1817-1886), or, perhaps least likely, James Henry (1821-1876)


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (19 October 1831), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (1 January 1835), 2

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (16 January 1835), 2

The concert at the British Hotel on Wednesday evening was most respectably attended, and the gentlemen amateurs deserve much praise for their exertions to gratify the company, Mrs. Davis presided at the piano-forte, and was very ably supported by Messrs. Munce, jun. (on the violin), Curzon (German flute), and Beckford (violincello). Ibid. [= Launceston Independent]

"PERSONAL", The Mercury (28 August 1912), 5

MUNCK, Ernest de (Ernest DE MUNCK)

See main entry with his wife:

Carlotta PATTI (Madame DE MUNCK)

MUND, Charles

Musician (Concordia Band)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1872

Documentation: "POLICE COURT - ADELAIDE", The South Australian Advertiser (24 September 1872), 3

Charles Mund, musician, was charged, on the information of Heinrich Ludwig Fritz Schrader, with using insulting language, whereby a breach of the peace might have been occasioned. Mr. J. W. Downer appeared for the defendant, Mr. Boucaut for the informant. Mr. Downer said it appeared that the parties were members of the Concordia Band, and that some words arose as to the paternity of one of them, the defendant accusing the informant with being of gipsy blood. However, in order not to alter the name of the band, and the parties being unwilling to proceed any further, informant had agreed to accept an apology. The information was accordingly withdrawn.


Professor of art and music, piano tuner, composer

Born London, 9 January 1798
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 22 August 1831 (free per Vibilia)
Died Hobart Town, 24 March 1848 (NLA persistent identifier)

MUNDY, Lavinia (Miss LORD; Mrs. Henry MUNDY; Mrs. Samuel DRAKE)

Amateur pianist

Married Henry Mundy, Sorell, TAS, 28 January 1834
Died TAS, 20 September 1875, aged 57


Painter, composer, teacher of music and art, Mundy was found dead at the Ship Hotel, Hobart Town in March 1848, having killed himself by drinking a tumbler-full of laudanum. He arrived at Hobart Town as a steerage passenger in the Vibilia on 1831, having been engaged in London on behalf of Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark of Ellinthorp Hall, a private school for young ladies near Ross, to teach drawing, music and French (Benjamin Duterrau and his daughter Sarah Jane had been offered the positions first in London, but had not taken them up). Around this time Jane Franklin observed that the school was a place more "noted for its balls and concerts and matchmaking" than its reputation teaching. While at the school Mundy composed quadrilles and waltzes, the printed scores of which were dedicated to his pupils. They were published in London in 1838 and 1839 and sold in Hobart and Launceston. However, until recently, no copies had been identified.

In 2014 Peter Sims reported that an owner-bound book of sheet music had been recently discovered in a Launceston opportunity shop. It is now in the Peter Sims Collection at the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Launceston, TAS, under the shelf number CHS37 E.2/9B. The book contains mostly London prints of music for piano and harp of the 1830s, but also includes a complete run of Mundy's Eight Sets of Quadrilles (London: Robert Cocks) which must have been printed no later than 1837, since copies of which were first advertised for sale in Launceston in April 1838. Sims identified the owner as Eleanor Williams (1832-1863), of Launceston, who may have been a young pupil of Mundy's.

Henry Mundy, Eight sets of quadrilles

The eight separate prints, each with their own cover, and each consisting of the standard 5 movements (each occupying a single page), 40 pages of music/40 movements in all, are in excellent condition. Sims 2014 includes handsome facsimiles of the complete set. Musically, this is the largest and significant body of settler musical work to survive from Australia before the 1840s. The quadrilles are far more than just competently crafted, melodically original and texturally varied. Most of them are tonally and chromatically rather more inventive and sophisticated than many other Australian examples of the 1830s, 1840s and 1850s; for instance, the G major "La finale" of the Fourth Set modulates as far away as E flat, then juxtaposes E flat and B major chords en route to the dominant. Technically, Mundy clearly directed them toward young players; they tend of favour the middle of the keyboard, and mostly avoid long passages in octave especially in the right hand. The Third Set is even more clearly intended as marked, "for small hands", the only one of the eight sets with a subtitle of any sort. Similarly none of the individual movements carries descriptive, figurative or dedicatory titling, though there are some variations in the usual figure titles - 1 "La Pantalon"; 2 "L'Été"; 3 "La Poule"; 4 "Le Pastourelle" or "La Trenise"; 5 "La Finale", "Chasse croise L'Été", or "Chasse croise L'Été et le Moulinet des Dames". Exceptionally, the five movements of the simple and musically direct Fifth Set have no figure titles at all.

Mundy, Fourth set of quadrilles

Images: From Sims 2014, reproduced here by kind permission of the author; for his facsimile edition of the complete quadrilles


[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (9 November 1831), 345

Diary of Thomas Lempriere, 26 January 1836 (quoted Sims 2014, 6)

... we amused ourselves with Mrs. Monday [who] played a few quadrilles.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (19 April 1838), 1

JUST received, a few copies of EIGHT SETS OF QUADRILLES, composed by Mr. H. Mundy, of Ellinthorpe Hall, in this Island, dedicated to his Pupils, very recently published, each set in a neatly printed wrapper, by Cocks & Co., London. The novelty of this being the first publication of music having any pretention to merit, emanating from a resident in the Colony, it is supposed would ensure to the work an extensive und rapid sale here: but the undersigned feels confident that his friends will find the work entitled to their attention upon higher ground than mere novelty. It is valuable from its intrinsic merit; and desirable to be possessed by every piano-forte player in the Colony. These Quadrilles have had an extensive sale in England. May be had of the undersigned, and of Mr. Tegg. Hobart Town. HENRY DOWLING.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (17 May 1838), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (29 August 1839), 2

NEW MUSIC. A SET of SIX WALTZES, composed by Mr. Henry Mundy, just published by Cocks and Co., London, may be had at H. Dowling's, Brisbane-street, Launceston.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (8 October 1840), 2

Household Furniture, Piano-forte, &c TO BE SOLD BY PUBLIC AUCTION, By Mr. George Eddie, At the residence of H. Mundy, Esq., Brisbane street, on WEDNESDAY next, the 14th instant, the sale to commence atone o'clock precisely, and without reserve. A QUANTITY of Household Furniture, and Books. A fine toned Piano-forte by Broadwood and Sons. A first rale Metronome ALSO, An assortment of Piano-forte and Flute music, particularly recommended to teachers. AFTER WHICH, Two large Allotments on the Windmill Hill. Two ditto ditto in Pedder Street, the plan of which may be seen on application to the Auctioneer.

[Advertisement], The Courier (21 July 1843), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (25 July 1843), 2

PIANO FORTE MUSIC. NOW ON SALE, a few Copies of Eight Sets of QUADRILLES, composed for and dedicated to his pupils, BY HENRY MUNDY. ALSO, A SET of BRILLIANT WALTZES. At Davis's Stationery Warehouse, 23, Elizabeth-street.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (27 August 1844), 2

Portrait Fainting, Drawing, &c. MR. H. MUNDY, Portrait Painter, and Teacher of Drawing and the Piano- forte, No. 51, Argyle-street, corner of Brisbane-street. Terms from the present date: Head Size Portrait, £6. Lessons in Drawing or Music, £2 5s. per quarter. August 27, 1844.

"SUICIDE", The Courier (25 March 1848), 2

It is our painful duty to record the following case of determined suicide which took place in this town on the evening of Thursday last. On the evening in question, Mr. Mundy, an artist of considerable ability, and very respectably connected in the colony, went to an inn, and, after taking a couple of glasses of ale, retired to his sleeping room. On the ensuing morning, the waiter, finding Mr. Munday did not make his appearance, knocked at his room door, but received no answer. His continued silence being regarded as extremely singular, the proprietor and Waiter, proceeding upstairs together, got into the room, and found Mr. Munday nearly dead. Dr. Lloyd was immediately sent for, but was too late for the unhappy sufferer, who died in about a quarter of an hour after being discovered. On the dressing-table was found a six-ounce stoppered bottle containing laudanum, believed to have been purchased from Messrs. Crooke & Daldy's. The contents of the bottle, with the exception of teaspoonful or two, had been drank by the deceased. We learn that the deceased for some time past has encouraged in morbid feeling calculated to urge him to the commission of the awful deed, and that he had previously expressed his determination to destroy himself with prussic acid. It is supposed he had been drinking for the last fortnight. An inquest was to be held last evening.

"INQUEST", The Courier (29 March 1848), 2

... Munday was an artist of undoubted merit, as many of his works (particularly portraits) in this town furnish ample proof. He was much respected, and his remains were followed to their lust resting-place, on Monday by many of his friends.

Bibliography and resources:

G. Stilwell, "Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark of Ellinthorp Hall", Tasmanian Historical Research Association 11/3 (April 1963), 72-109 (83)

G. Stilwell and Carolyn Von Oppeln, "Henry Mundy: an unfortunate life", Papers and Proceedings (Tasmanian Historical Research Association) 8/3A (September 2001), 161-71

Peter Sims, Colonial artist Henry Mundy and his music (Quoiba: Peter Sims, 2014)    

G. T. Stilwell et al., "Henry Mundy", DAAO

Joanna Gilmour, "Fits of delicacy and despair", Portrait 30 (1 December 2009)


Musician ("Black Horse" Inn)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1850


"DECLARATION OF CONFIDENCE IN MR. JOHN STEPHENS", South Australian Register (7 March 1850), 2s

MUNYARD, Mr. (pseudonym; ? "Mark SALAM"; ?)

Comic vocalist, actor

Active Sydney, NSW, by November 1837, Launceston, by August 1838


"Mr. Munyard, from the Royal Surry Theatre" appeared at Sydney's Theatre Royal in November 1837. A letter home containing his intemperate comments about Sydney, extracts from which were published in the Gazette, caused a small riot at the theatre in March. However, he continued in Sydney for some months more before "the future Kean of New South Wales" left for Tasmania. Whereas Munyard appears not to have been a singer in Sydney, the first documented Australian performance of the comic song Billy Barlow was in Launceston in August 1838 by a "Mr. Munyard", who may or may not have been the same man as the Sydney Munyard. Also on the program was "An entirely new entertainment to be called THE HARMONIC CLUB, in which will be introduced a variety of comic and sentimental Songs, Glees, Recitations, &c."

There is no earlier record of a Munyard of the Surrey Theatre; however, in 1834, a Thomas Munyard, confectioner of Tothill-Street, Westminster, was reportedly robbed "of a watch and appendages, at the doors of the Surrey Theatre"; see "POLICE", Morning Advertiser (20 August 1834), 3. A comic and vocalist, a Mr. Munyard first appeared in English theatrical bills at Taunton in January 1838, possibly James Henry Munyard (b. 18 November 1816; d. 15 July 1850).


[Advertisement], The Australian (28 November 1837), 1

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 March 1838), 2

"Theatre", The Australian (9 March 1838), 2

"To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 March 1838), 2

"The Theatre", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 July 1838), 2

"COUNTRY POLICE REPORT", The Hobart Town Courier (27 July 1838), 4

"NEW SOUTH WALES ... AN ACTOR A DANGEROUS POLITICIAN", Parbury's oriental herald and colonial intelligencer (August 1838), 175-76

"A HOAX! Munyard at Home!", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 August 1838), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (16 August 1838), 2

"SWINDLING", The Cornwall Chronicle (9 March 1839), 2

? [News], Norfolk Chronicle (21 March 1840), 2

At our Theatre, on Tuesday evening, the performances were by desire the Conservatives of Lynn and West Norfolk, when the house overflowed in every part. The pieces were "The Honey Moon," and a new farce called "Dr. Dilworth." The play was exceedingly well acted throughout. Mr. [G. V.] Brooke's Duke Aranza, and Miss Ellis's Juliana, were very animated and natural representations ... Miss Carr and Mrs. Munyard as Volante and Zamora did full justice to their respective parts ... At the conclusion of the play ... There was dancing Madame Louise, and by Mr. R. Power. Mr. Munyard, in his comic singing, was encored as usual ...

MURIEL, Robert

Amateur, member (Australian Harmonic Club), draper, haberdasher, auctioneer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1841
Died London, England, 7 September 1898, in his 80th year


[Advertisement], The Australian (9 January 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (30 March 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (28 August 1841), 3

"COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1847), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. DEPARTURE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1847), 2

"DREADFUL SHIPWRECK", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1849), 3

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 August 1854), 1

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1898), 1 


Musician, ? fiddler

Active Muswell Brook, NSW, 1846


"MUSWELL BROOK", The Maitland Mercury (25 March 1846), 2

"Patrick's Day", "Garryowen", and other national airs, played by Mr. Murphy in his usual masterly style, elicited much applause, and added not a little to the amusements of the evening.



Active Sydney, NSW, 1853


[Advertisement], Empire (14 May 1853),3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1853), 1

"SEE LOVE'S WEB AROUND THEE WREATHING [sic]", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (21 May 1853), 2

"SEE LOVE'S WEB AROUND THEE WREATHING" [sic]. We have been presented with a copy of the above Song, by the publishers, Messrs. W. J. Johnson and Co., of Pitt-street. The poetry by the Rev. J. D. Mereweather, B. A., is pretty, but the stanzas are too numerous and one or two are so conspicuously expressionless, that they might in our opinion be advantageously struck out. The fair composer, Miss Murphy, has done the fullest justice to the reverend author; and to the melodious accompaniment as rendered by her, the superfluity we have alluded to in the verses may pass unnoticed, or at least be tolerated.

"Literature. NEW MUSIC", Freeman's Journal (21 May 1853), 9

"See Love's Web around the Weaving," a song, the poetry by the Rev. J. D. Merewether, B.A the music composed and dedicated to Mrs. Alfred Stephen by Miss Murphy. Johnson und Co., Sydney. This one of the thousand and one inflictions for which poor Cupid will assuredly have much to answer. Whatever merit is due to the performance we must, as in gallantry bound award it to the fair composer. As regards what is facetiously termed poetry on the title page we certainly should not have noticed it at all, on the understood principle that compositions of this kind are generally mere nonsense apart from the melody to which they are subordinate. But in the piece before us we find the author of some of the most wretched "sky-blue," that ever we had the misfortune to peruse, a clergyman who has taken his B. A., degree. For this reason we addressed ourselves to the task of giving the song a careful perusal, from which we rose in much the same condition as one of Mr. Daley's "susceptibles" after a twenty minutes stare at the disc. The following speciment of the author's versification is really amusing :-

"Thee, oh fondest one, he sueth
With all eloquence, yet know
That with equal warmth he wooeth
Many women fair as thou."

The rhymth of the fourth line is bewitching. The Rev. author is no favored son of the "Nine." A clergyman should not descend from the high functions of his sacred office to

"Frame love ditties passing rare,
And sing them to a lady fair."

We cannot too much admire the usually tasteful and excellent style such matters are got up by the publishers, Messrs. Johnson and Co.

[Advertisement], The Courier (22 July 1853), 3

Musical work:

See Love's web around thee weaving, a song, the poetry by the Rev. J. D. Mereweather, B.A., the music composed, and dedicated to Mrs. Alfred Stephen, by Miss Murphy (Sydney: W. J. Johnson and Co., [1853])



MURPHY, Francis

Priest, vocalist, cantor

Born Navan, Meath, Ireland, 20 May 1795
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 15 July 1838 (per Cecilia, from Gravesend, 24 March)
Died South Australia, 26 April 1858


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 July 1838), 2

"EASTER SUNDAY. SYDNEY", Australasian Chronicle (13 April 1841), 2

"THE LATE DUKE OF ORLEANS", Australasian Chronicle (13 December 1842), 2

"DEATH OF BISHOP MURPHY", South Australian Register (27 April 1858), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Osmund Thorpe, Murphy, Francis (1795-1858), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)



Active Rockhampton, QLD, by 1873


"SKILLED LABOUR", Northern Argus (1 March 1873), 2 

MURPHY, P. (? Patrick)

Harp, Serpent and Violin Maker

Active Sydney, NSW, 1837


[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (25 October 1837), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (13 November 1837), 4

P. MURPHY, Harp, Serpent, and Violin Maker, RESPECTFULLY begs to return his best thanks to the Public for their liberal patronage since his arrival in this country, and that he will still continue to make and repair the above and other Musical Instruments in the very best manner, superior to any that have been hitherto done in this Colony. Any Instrument that cannot be removed to Town he will go to the Country to repair by being paid his expenses. No. 5; Clarence Place, Sydney, Nearly opposite the Barrack Lane.

Bibliography and resources:

Coggins 2009


Vocalist, actor

Born London, England, 1 September 1816 (daughter of Henry Anthony and Mary Rudelhoff)
Baptised St. George in the East, London, 26 September 1819
Arrived (1) Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 13 August 1834 (per Strathfieldsaye, from Gravesend, 1 May)
Arrived ? (2) Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), December 1836 (per Married James Pulteney Murray, Hobart Town, 29 December 1836 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


On arrival in Hobart in August 1834, two of the 286 female emigrants per the Strathfieldsaye, Anne Remens ("from the English opera", by November 1838 Mrs. Clarke) and Miss Rudelhoff ("from the Royalty theatre", by 1837 Mrs. Murray), were engaged by John Philip Deane for his Argyle Rooms Theatre. Though primarily an actor, Rudelhof also sang, as for instance when she appeared in character as Victorine and "Susan Squall, the itinerant ballad singer" at George Peck's concert in February 1838. Was she perhaps also the Mrs. Murray who occasionally appeared with Anne Clarke in Sydney later in 1838?


Arrivals, female immigrants, Strathfieldsay, 13 August 1834; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:401954; MB2/39/1/2 P109

Rudeshoff, Dinah

"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (15 August 1834), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (19 August 1834), 3

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (22 August 1834), 2

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (26 August 1834), 7

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (29 August 1834), 2

Only 40, we are glad to say, out of the whole 286 female emigrants by the Strathfieldsay, are now remaining out of employment, and among those are several very desirable individuals, well qualified to fill the situation of governess or teacher in a family, as housemaids, &c. ... Misses Remans and Rudelhoff, two of the female emigrants by the Strathfieldsaye made their debut on Mr. Deane's boards on Saturday and must prove a great acquisition to the credit of theatricals in Hobart-Town.

"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (23 September 1834), 6

[News], Colonial Times (18 November 1834), 6

Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. David's, Hobart Town, in the year 1836; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:822452; RGD36/1/3 no 3215 

"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (30 December 1836), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (14 February 1837), 2

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (2 February 1838), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (9 February 1838), 2

MURRAY, Georgiana (Georgiana HAYWARD; Mrs. Andrew John MURRAY, 1837)

Pianist, piano teacher, organist, choral trainer, composer

Born Rotherhithe, London, England, 18 January 1817
Married Andrew John Murray, St. George, Camberwell, 2 March 1837
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 11 December 1839 (per Caroline, from London, 28 June 1839)
Active Adelaide and Port Lincoln, SA, from 1846
Departed for England, 20 January 1865 (passenger per City of Adelaide, for London)
Died Camberwell, England, 22 March 1901

Georgina Murray (photo Sue Hopkins)


Murray's husband, Andrew John Murray (not to be confused with Andrew Murray) held a variety of South Australian government offices at Port Lincoln and Adelaide from the 1840s to the 1860s. Mrs. Murray was active in the Choral Society, and among her pupils was the young pianist Richard White. The Murrays left to return to England in 1865. At least two published compositions by her are documented as new in 1860, both to words by Boyle Travers Finnis, and both lost: The gathering ("A War Song of Australia; words by B. T. Finniss, Esq., M.P., music by Mrs. A. J. Murray, Adelaide Glee Club"), and Canst thou not read the mute appeal (song; "the words by B. T. Finniss, and the music by Mrs. Murray").

Summary (Hopkins):

Once in Adelaide, while her husband was pursuing his career in the Government service, Georgiana had a musical career of her own as a pianist, piano teacher and composer, and a South Australian directory for 1851 has the following: A.S. Murray [sic], Clerk of the Cattle Market, Thebarton. Mrs Murray, Professor of Music, Thebarton.

Among her pupils was the young pianist and violinist Richard Baxter White. At least two published compositions by her are documented as new in 1860, both to words by Boyle Travers Finnis, and both lost: The Gathering ("A War Song of Australia; words by B. T. Finniss, Esq., M.P., music by Mrs. A. J. Murray, Adelaide Glee Club"), and Canst thou not read the mute appeal (song; "the words by B. T. Finniss, and the music by Mrs. Murray").

A stalwart and possibly a founder member of the Adelaide Choral Society, Mrs Murray performed in many concerts as a soloist - both vocal and on the piano - and accompanist. Indeed the South Australian Register  on Wednesday 14 November 1849 commented thus on her contribution to the musical life of the town: We are glad to find that the committee of the Mechanics' Institution have exhibited their appreciation of the invaluable services of that sweet vocalist and accomplished pianist, Mrs Murray, by electing her an Honorary Member. They have likewise, at their meeting of last evening, passed the following resolution:

That the Committee feel bound to express to Mrs Murray the grateful sense they entertain of her past exertions in aid of the Institution, and the gratification which the exercise of Mrs Murray's distinguished musical talents at the conversaziones of the Society have so repeatedly afforded to themselves and every member of the Institution'. Mrs Murray, by affording the gratuitous aid of her inestimable musical talents to this Society during the two years which have elapsed since its revival, has been the main instrument in working out its present degree of prosperity, for it is a lamentable fact that neither lectures, discussions, nor Library have afforded sufficient attraction to members to induce them to keep their subscriptions from getting into arrear, and that the majority of the members have neglected to renew their quarterly tickets until the eve of the musical entertainments, which they have oddly enough designated conversaziones.

As a sideline she also apparently took to silk production when she exhibited at the Great Exhibition in London in 1851, "a specimen of silk raised by her at Adelaide in 1850, the produce of 580 worms, fed on white and black mulberry leaves". The South Australian Register also reported in February 1853 that they had seen the "Exhibition certificate forwarded to Mrs Murray, and the certificates and medals obtained by a brother of Mr Murray's".

This is Andrew John Murray's youngest brother, William, who had arrived in Adelaide in January 1853 with his family to work as a civil engineer and surveyor. When her husband took up the post of Government Resident in Port Lincoln, Georgiana took over the running of the church choir there.

Testimonial to Mrs. A. J. Murray, Port Lincoln.

On the 5th instant a deputation from the congregation of St. Thomas's Church and the residents of Port Lincoln waited upon Mrs. A.J. Murray to present the following testimonial to her upon her departure for England:

"The congregation of St. Thomas's Church with others resident in Port Lincoln are very desirous of testifying their high sense of the services which have been rendered during many years past by Mrs. A. J. Murray in conducting the choral portion of the services in that church. The kindness and zeal which that lady has at all times shown they wish to acknowledge with every feeling of gratitude, and think that they cannot seize a more favourable opportunity for so doing than on the eve of her departure for England, or a better mode of evincing their sentiments on this subject than by requesting Mrs. Murray's acceptance of the accompanying purse, which, although confessedly an inadequate expression of their feelings, they request her to make use of in any mode which may seem most agreeable to herself."

The purse, which was of a very handsome description, contained 60 sovereigns, which Mrs. Murray signified her intention of laying out when in England in a manner best calculated to perpetuate the remembrance of so gratifying a demonstration of friendship and esteem.

(South Australian Register Thursday 12 January 1865)

Georgiana sailed away from South Australia in the City of Adelaide on 20 January 1865 and arrived back in London on the 3rd May, three and a half months after her mother's death on the 16th January.

On the 19th October 1874 Andrew John Murray wrote his will at Athol House, Knatchbull Road, Camberwell - a name that has echoes of the house he called Athelstone in Adelaide. By 1879 during the course of his bankruptcy proceedings his address is Ravendale, Macaulay-road, Clapham - a name identical to his house in Port Lincoln - and that is where he died on the 27th October 1880.

In 1881 Georgiana is living at 57 The Chase, Clapham, and in 1891 she is at 175 Upland Rd, Camberwell where she died on the 22nd March 1901.


"MR. BENNETT'S CONCERT", South Australian (2 January 1846), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (30 May 1860), 1

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (31 May 1860), 3

"REVIEW", South Australian Register (3 July 1860), 3 [prints full text]

"VIII.SOUTH AUSTRALIAN LITERATURE AND MUSIC", The South Australian Advertiser (25 July 1860), 5

Proceedings of the Parliament of South Australia (24 November 1864), 323

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (12 January 1865), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Andrew John Murray and Georgiana Murray; family history, by Sue Hopkins

MURRAY, Charles

Bandmaster (Creswick Volunteer Rifles), cornet player

Died Creswick, VIC, 7 February 1868


"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (29 December 1863), 2

"DISTRICT ORPHAN ASYLUM", The Star (21 September 1864), 4

"VOLUNTEERS AT CLUNES", The Ballarat Star (9 September 1865), 1s

At Creswick the corps had both a brass band and a drum and fife band, which bad made such progress under the able tuition of their bandmaster, Mr. Murray, that he [Captain Dowling] did not think they could be surpassed for proficiency, considering the time they had practised, by any in the colony.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (8 February 1868), 2

Mr. Charles Murray, so well and favorably known as the band-master of the Creswick Volunteer Rifles, and to whom the proficiency of the members of the band is due, died rather unexpectedly about noon on Friday, 7th February.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (11 February 1868), 2

... Mr Murray had been a band-sergeant in the English army, saw considerable service in India during the Sepoy revolt, and had been dangerously wounded, for which he enjoyed a pension. His loss is much felt at Creswick, and particularly by the youthful members of the Creswick band, of whom he was a kind, patient, and successful instructor ...



Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), May 1823 (free per Andromeda)


Murray published his "VALEDICTORY SONG. On leaving Scotland for Van Diemen's Land" in Hobart in July 1824. Later working as a private tutor, in 1834 he also published a short book The schoolmaster in Van Diemen's Land.


"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette (10 May 1823), 2

"VALEDICTORY SONG. On leaving Scotland for Van Diemen's Land", Hobart Town Gazette (30 July 1824), 3

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (14 February 1834), 2


Bandsman (Launceston Volunteer Rifles Band)

Active Launceston, TAS, 1865-67


"THE VOLUNTEER FORCE. To the Editor", Launceston Examiner (10 August 1865), 2

"THE VOLUNTEER RIFLES BAND SOIREE DANSANTE", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 December 1866), 4

"PERTH", The Cornwall Chronicle (30 March 1867), 5

MURSKA, Ilma de



Theatrical and operatic manager (NLA persistent identifier)


MUSIN, Ovide


Born Nandrin, Liége, Belgium, 22 September 1854
First Australian tour, 1892
Second Australian tour 1896-97
Died Brooklyn, NY, USA, 30 October 1829 (NLA persistent identifier)



"THEATRES AND ENTERTAINMENTS", The Argus (23 July 1892), 9

"MUSIC. CONCERTS, &c.", The Australasian (26 June 1897), 35


Ovide Musin, My memories ... a half-century of adventures and experiences and globe travel written by himself (New York; Musin, 1920),_Ovide

Bibliography and resources:

MYERS, Edward

Violinist, music copyist, teacher of music, forger, fraudster, convict, medical pracitioner

Born England, c.1818
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by 1840
Transported (convict) to Sydney, NSW, 1841; active West Maitland, 1844-45; Hobart, TAS, 1851-53
Died Charters Towers, QLD, 13 March 1895 (TROVE public tag)

Summary (GS, 2014):

Edward Myers of Adelaide, 21, was sentenced to 7 years transportation to NSW in March 1840 for obtaining money under false pretences. Edward Myers (also Meyer) was listed as a member of the band for Isaac Nathan's Sydney oratorio in July 1841. In August he was an assigned (i.e. convict) clerk at the Government Printing Office, and in November advertised, care of Abraham Emanuel, that he would teach French and Latin. In February 1842 he was before the bench again for fraud. He resumed his teaching advertisements in 1844, and in June and July advertised that he would also shortly publish a novel, FREDERICK, or, THE RECLAIMED, to be the first of a series. By September 1844, however, he was in West Maitland, reduced to advertising as a general teacher of children, but also offering to teach violin and adding "NB: Edward Myers copies Music very legibly".

In February 1845, he was reportedly led a group called the Coolie Camp Band at a civic celebration, but later that month he was before the court for fraud and had his ticket-of-leave revoked. Having presumably finished his sentence, he was in Melbourne teaching Latin, drawing and violin in October 1847, but in September 1848 the "Writing Clerk, formerly accountant and agent" was insolvent. Finally, back in Adelaide in May 1851, Myers, then a "law stationer", was charged with forgery. Sentenced to 15 years transportation, he was sent to Hobart in June 1851, only to reappear there in April 1853, as leader of Josiah Hand's Tasmanian Quadrille Band.

New findings (2016):

Dr. Ian Wilkey, of Brisbane, came across Edward Myers while doing some historical research based on records of the Queensland Medical Board, and decided to pursue him. He curates a user tag Myers Edward inside TROVE, and has also shared with Australharmony this summary of his ongoing research below (posted 23 March 2016).

According to Myers's death certificate his parents were Michael and Leah Myers, his father variously described as a merchant, magistrate, and high sheriff. Edward had poliomyelitis as an infant which left him "crippled" and he used walking sticks from childhood. References to his physical handicap and his use of sticks are documented in Sydney in the 1840s, Hobart in 1851, Sydney in 1861, and in North Queensland where he was known as "Old Sticks". Myers advertised that he was educated at the University of Rouen, and was described as "unquestionably a man of considerable ability and education". Perhaps already in trouble in England and sent off by the family, first to France and then to the colonies, he emigrated to Adelaide aged about 18, later mentioning being under the care of the first governor, Gawler (who arrived in 1838).

He began his sentence of transportation (see summary above) in Sydney in 1841. After his brush with the law in Maitland he was sent to Port Macquarie where he became clerk to the prison governor. There, in March 1847, he was given his certificate of freedom. He went to Melbourne in October 1847, and in 1848 he was insolvent. He probably returned to Adelaide in 1849 and set up business as a law writer and "fancy labels for shops and ornamental writing". By 1851 he was in further trouble. Again insolvent, he was arrested in a brothel and charged with forgery. He was sentenced to 15 years transportation and sent to Hobart. In early 1853 he was able to live outside the prison and in this period he was in Josiah Hand's band, and was first violin in the Royal Victoria Theatre orchestra. This period of relative freedom didn't last long. He was convicted of falsifying some prison documents and was sent back to prison. He worked as a clerk in the prison barracks. There is a report that, in 1856, he prepared an illustrated address on vellum that was "a beautiful specimen of artistic skill".

In January 1855 he was given a ticket of leave and married. In early 1857 he was released and went to Sydney. He again set up as law stationer and writer and became office manager for some lawyers. In 1860 he was back in the insolvency court. In 1861 someone published a circular about his criminal past. He sued a solicitor for libel and defamation. On the day he was to appear as a witness (28 August 1861), he disappeared. He caught a ship leaving Sydney that day for Valparaiso. He appears to have spent up to a decade in South America where he acquired an "MD". In 1871 he practised medicine in San Francisco. In January 1872 he spent a couple of weeks in Sydney. He went to Melbourne where he was registered on the basis of his MD from Lima. The Board appears to have accepted the diploma without getting it translated. A graduate from Lima turned up in Melbourne in 1875 and questioned his qualification. Although it appears that his diploma was accepted as an official document, given his track record it was probably a forgery.

When his registration was withdrawn in mid-1875, Myers quickly caught a ship to Cooktown. The Queensland Medical Board refused to register him but the local community accepted that he was registered in Victoria and he practised as a medical practitioner in Cooktown for two years. He then went to Cairns where he was influential in setting up the Cairns Hospital. He was medical officer for the hospital for 7 years. He was also involved in the publication of series of newspapers in North Queensland. After the failure of his last newspaper in Charters Towers he re-entered practice as a "specialist herbalist" but was not successful and he died impecunious in Charters Towers on 13 March 1895.

A Master E. Myers sang in a concert in Cairns in 1887. This was probably his son, perhaps born in Melbourne to the woman who may have became his second wife. He apparently had three children by his third wife when he was quite elderly.

Dr. Ian Wilkey


"SUPREME COURT", South Australian Register (14 March 1840), 4

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (9 June 1841), 1

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Monitor (2 July 1841),  2

"WEDNESDAY", The Sydney Monitor (20 August 1841), 2

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (13 November 1841), 3

"GOVERNMENT PATRONAGE", The Sydney Herald (4 February 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (28 May 1844), 2

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (15 June 1844), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (16 November 1844), 3

"MAITLAND UNION BENEFIT SOCIETY", The Maitland Mercury (1 February 1845), 2

"MUSIC AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS IN DISGRACE", The Maitland Mercury (22 February 1845), 2

"ACCOMPLISHMENTS IN DISGRACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Argus (22 October 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 September 1848), 3

"POLICE COURT", South Australian (13 May 1851), 3

"DESIRABLE IMPORTATIONS", Launceston Examiner (28 June 1851), 6

[Advertisement], The Courier (19 April 1853), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Gibbney and Smith 1987, volume 2, 132


Crier, bell-man, convict

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) before 1832


[Court reports], The Hobart Town Courier (23 July 1831), 2 

In the Supreme Court on Saturday ... Thomas Meares (the bell-man) was tried for stealing 2 figs of tobacco, the property of Mr. Cook, and acquitted.

[News], Colonial Times (2 October 1832), 3 

We are informed that a great number of the celebrated little engravings, called the shades of Napoleon, were brought out by one of the passengers of the good ship Persian. The London cries are becoming frequent in Hobart Town, for we have "fresh salmon," "fine mullet," and "muffins all hot," dinned into our ears before breakfast hour. We have also the noisy bell-man's clatter, "oysters," "mutton pies," and "sheep's heads all hot," &c. &c. vociferated by the professors of their several callings, till long after all steady people retire to rest; but although these different cries have become familiar to our ears, we were not a little surprised to hear the other evening a little Israelite, of a true Jewish cast of countenance, crying in the monotonous voice in which oranges are called by the boys at the Royal Exchange, "Shades of Napoleon, twopence a piece, twopence a piece shades of Napoleon."

"POLICE REPORT", The Tasmanian (16 November 1832), 6 

Thomas. Myers, the bellman, was fully committed for having in his possession a silver watch, stolen some time since from the house of John Jones.

"QUARTER SESSIONS. - HOBART TOWN, Wednesday, December 12th", 28 December 1832), 6 

Thomas Myers, (formerly the bell-man in Hobart Town) stood charged with receiving a silver wateh, knowing it to have been feloniously stolen ... Verdict - Guilty. Sentenced to be transported for 7 years.

MYLETT, Thomas (Corporal)

Bandsman, band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1823-27

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

On Mylett and his wife Lucy hiring convict servants, in 1823-25, see SR-NSW, Colonial Secretary, Index: 1788-1825

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2017