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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–P

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–P", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 14 July 2020

- P -

PABST, Louis (Herr PABST)

Pianist, teacher, composer

Born Konigsberg, Germany, 18 July 1846 (elder brother of Paul PABST)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 18 April 1885 (passenger on R.M.S Lusitania)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, September 1894
Died 1903

PABST, Helene (Baroness, Madame Von ENGELHARDT PABST)

Pianist, poet, author

Born Lithuania, 2 September [OS 21 August] 1850
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 18 April 1885 (passenger on R.M.S Lusitania)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, September 1894
Died ?, 24 June 1910


"Arrival of the English Mail", Australian Town and Country Journal (18 April 1885), 13

"HERR LOUIS PABST", The Argus (23 June 1885), 6 [biography]

"HERR PABST'S HISTORICAL CONCERT", The Argus (5 July 1886), 6

[News], The Argus (22 July 1892), 5

An interesting feature of the entertainment was the recitation of a translation of Madame Pabst's powerful and pathetic poem, Der Harfner, by Mrs. Alfred Cornish, with a picturesque and dramatic commentary upon the narrative by Herr Pabst on the piano. The lines were feelingly delivered by the lady and graphically illustrated by the composer of the music.

"THE RISVEGLIATO", The Argus (15 December 1892), 3

"A YOUNG PIANIST. MASTER PERCY GRAINGER", South Australian Chronicle (4 August 1894), 8

The Age says: Great interest centred round the first appearance in public of Master Percy Grainger, a pupil of Herr Louis Pabst, who attained the mature age of 12 - he looks much younger - only two days before. He is an Australian by birth, his father having been the architect of Princes bridge; and he is just the sort of Australian to do credit to his native country. It is so easy to enthuse over infant phenomena, and one is so likely to go woefully astray in the process, that prudence has one pause before pronouncing an emphatic verdict in favor of this last specimen of the genus. Yet it seems next door to impossible to be very far out in this instance; the youngster has a touch so firm, a technique so nearly faultless, a musical perception so acute, and an aplomb so surprising - see him look calmly round as he plays, without a trace either of nervousness or self-consciousness - that one would say he cannot fail to win for himself name and fame in the career that has been so carefully mapped out for him; and yet the music he tackled yesterday - of course without aid of book - is no child's play; this gavotte and musette in G minor, the prelude and Gigue from the Partita in B flat. Master Grainger is partial to Sebastian Bach, and usually confines himself from choice to that composer - most emphatically want playing. But he acquitted himself in such works as these in a style that many a finished pianist might have envied, and that at an age when most boys are playing marbles and whipping tops. Here Pabst, who is about to return to Europe, thinks so highly of Master Grainger that he has practically settled for the boy to join him when he has completed the necessary arrangements in his new sphere of labors, and meanwhile he is organising a concert on behalf of this most promising pupil, which will take place in some two months' time. This is a kind of pupil of whom any teacher might well be proud, and young Australians may watch his future career with mingled pride and confidence. It is probably that Master Grainger will shortly be heard in Adelaide, as it is proposed to give a concert here prior to his departure for England.

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1894), 13

"Herr Louis Pabst", Table Talk (22 September 1894), 9 

Next week the musician who, during the past eight years, has accomplished privately all the good work which a conservatoire for pianoforte instruction could have conferred on Victorian students, leaves Melbourne, with no intention of returning. Herr Louis Pabst, when he arrived in Melbourne in March, 1885, did not intend staying longer than was needed to recover his health, broken by years of overwork and the severe winters of Northern Europe. In a very few months he had gathered around him a band of ardent disciples of music, who recognised in him that rare combination of erudition and genius which makes the true master of a science or an art. Herr Pabst, finding there was a mission to accomplish, devoted himself to it with energy and enthusiasm, remaining in Melbourne year after year, though he could have gained fame and fortune by returning to Europe. He would not leave until he felt certain that his pupils could carry on the work of musical culture without his personal supervision. Herr Pabst has been more respected than popular amongst members of the musical profession in Melbourne, and hence his name is not very familiar to the public. Still, privately, amongst students, Herr Pabst is placed in the very front rank of master teachers. During the past nine years the average number of students attending his courses has been seventy-five, many receiving private lessons each week, and no class numbering more than a dozen pupils ... [includes extensive biography].


"Helene von Engelhardt", Wikipedia 

"Paul Pabst", Wikipedia 


Teacher of Adelaide Burkitt and Percy Grainger


PACKER, Augusta Gow

PACKER, Charles Sandys

PACKER, Frederick Alexander

PACKER, Frederick Augustus

PACKER, John Edward

Go to main page: 

PACKER, Wallace (Edward Henry Wallace)


Born 28 September 1865
Arrived South Australia, 1888
Died Kensington Park, SA, 13 February 1944, aged 77 [sic]


"CHATS WITH MUSICIANS. No. 6.- E. H. WALLACE PACKER", Daily Herald (21 December 1912), 1s

"Mr. Wallace Packer, 70", The Mail (28 September 1935), 17

Mr. Wallace Packer, of Childers street, North Adelaide, today celebrated the seventieth anniversary of his birth. He has had a distinguished musical career, and has held executive positions in several local musical organisations. Mr. Packer began his musical education at the choristers' school at Eton College. He came to South Australia in 1888, and was choirmaster and organist at Christ Church, North Adelaide, for 43 years.

"Death of Mr. Wallace Packer", The Advertiser (14 February 1944), 5

PADULA, Michel Angelo (Michael)

Harpist, jeweller

Born 1848/9
Arrived Adelaide, SA, c. 1871
Died Cobar, NSW, 10 March 1945, aged 96


"General-Post-Amt.", Süd Australische Zeitung (4 July 1871), 5

"MONTHLY SHIPPING SUMMARY FOR ENGLAND", The South Australian Advertiser (19 April 1877), 16

"LOCAL AND GENERAL", Western Star and Roma Advertiser (30 November 1878), 2

"CONCERT", The Darling Downs Gazette (12 February 1879), 3

"Nymagee. Concerts", Australian Town and Country Journal (11 June 1892), 16

"St. Patrick's Day. The Concert", The Cobar Herald (18 March 1910), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 June 1936), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1945), 10

PAGNOTTI, Alfonso (Alfonzo; PAGNOTTA)

Flautist, teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1878
Died Enmore, NSW, 26 September 1924



[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1878), 15

SIGNOR PAGNOTTA, Flautist, from the Conservatory of Naples, is prepared to give lessons. 90, Elizabeth-st.

"AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 October 1878), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 April 1879), 8

[Advertisement], Evening News (6 October 1879), 1

INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, 1879. MUSIC. The Instruments used at these Concerts are by Emil Ascherberg, of Dresden, from the warehouses of Messrs. Nicholson and Ascherberg, Sydney. The Flute used by Signor Pagnotti, by Boehm, is from the Belgium Court of the International Exhibition. The Solo played by Signor Pagnotti will be on one of Boehm's Exhibition Flutes.

[Births], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1884), 12

"Miss Sherwin's Concert", Evening News (25 August 1887), 4

Signor A. Pagnotti played with much sweetness the flute obligato to Miss Sherwin's rendering of "Lo, hear the gentle lark."

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1924), 8

"LATE SIGNOR PAGNOTTI", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 October 1924), 10 

Alfonzo Pagnotti, the well-known flautist, passed away on Friday last, after a long illness at his home at Enmore, and was buried nt Rookwood. The mourners included his widow (Mrs. Annie Pagnotti), and other relatives, Miss Elvy, and Dr. Fiaschi. Pagnotti was a thorough musician, educated at a leading conservatorio in Italy, and came to Australia many years ago for Italian opera, and settled in Sydney. When Madame Amy Sherwin made her operatic debut in "Lucia" at the old Victoria Theatre, Pitt-street, in 1879, Pagnotti beautifully rendered the obbligato in the Mad Scene, and he accompanied the Tasmanian Nightingale on some of her subsequent girlish tours before she settled in Europe, where she became a celebrity. In 1883 Pagnotti was principal flute in the Italian Opera Company conducted by Signor Paolo Giorza, of which the flautist's friend, Signor Tramaglia, of Naples, was leader. Pagnotti was in several fine Italian opera companies here, and ultimately was attached to the orchestra at Her Majesty's in comic opera for a long period of years. He was highly esteemed as a musician of refinement, and his diminutive figure was familiar to thousands of playgoers.

PAINE, Fanny (Fanny ROOKE; Mrs. Henry PAINE; Mrs. PAINE)

Vocalist, pianist, composer

Born London, England, c. 1829; daughter of William Michael ROOKE and Eleanor BLAGG
Married Henry William PAINE, All Souls, Langham Place, London, 11 November 1850
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


As reported in Australia, she was a daughter of W. M. Rooke, composer of the popular opera Amilie, or, The love test. At her own "grand concert" in February 1858, Mrs. Paine introduced a polka ("New Original, composed by Mrs. Paine").


1841 English census, borough of Marylebone, London, England

William Rooke / 45 / Professor of Music . . .
Eleanor Rooke / 40 . . .
Fanny [Rooke] / 12 . . .

[Musical news], Illustrated London News (2 March 1850), 10

Signor F. Ronconi, brother of the celebrated Ronconi, commenced a series of concerts at the Beethoven Rooms. Miss Noble, a debutante of much promise, was encored in Verdi's air, "Tu al cui sguardo." Mdlle. St. Marc has a fine voice. The other vocalists were Mdlle. Davinci, Miss S. Howson, Miss Leslie, Miss Rooke; Signori Burdini, F. Ronconi (an agreeable tenor), Mr. Henry Mapleson, and Mr. C. Toulmin. Burdini was encored in Donizetti's air, "Pour tant d'amour." The solo instrumentalists were Thalberg and Briccialdi (flute).

"SIGNOR RONCONI'S SOIREE MUSICALE", Morning Advertiser [London] (15 March 1850), 4

On Wednesday evening Sig. Ronconi gave a second grand soiree musicale at the Beethoven Rooms, Harley-street, Cavendish-square . . . in the list of artistes who assisted on the occasion . . . we found the names of Mapleson, Toulmin, Miss Noble, Miss Leslie, Miss Rooke, and others of equal note. The last-named young lady gives much promise of future excellence and well vindicates the musical prestige of her name. A daughter, we believe, of the gifted and tasteful composer of Amelie, so prematurely taken from us, is entitled to the warmest sympathies of our musical readers. She sang with much care the difficult preghiera from Le Prophète, "L'ingrato m'abbandono;" though she evinced a slight trepidation while singing, she acquitted herself with effect, and received warm encomiums . . . The second part of the programme was equally full of vocal beauties, as may be seen by the following specimens: . . . Duettino, "Mi balza in petto," Miss Leslie and Miss Rooke . . .

Marriages solemnized at All Souls' Church, in the Parish of Marylebone . . . 1850, page 52

No. 103 / 11 November 1850 / Henry William Paine, of full age, Bachelor, Draper and Fanny Rooke, of full age, Spinster, - / [father] William Michael Rooke . . .

1851 English census, parish of St. John, Paddington, London, England

19 Portsea Place / Henry Paine / Head / 24 / Silk Mercer /
Fanny Paine / Wife / 22 / Professor of Singing and Music / [born] London, St. Giles

? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Adelaide Times (26 December 1856), 2 

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (2 July 1857), 3 

The Society's second concert came off most successfully on Wednesday evening at White's Boom, which was exceedingly well filled . . . In the vocal department the choruses were deserving of high praise, and there were several sweet songs by Madame Crantz, Miss Petman, and Mrs. Paine. The lady last named has not been very long in Adelaide, but she may be remembered as having sung at the conversazione of the South Australian Institute a short time ago. She was then labouring under indisposition, and was not heard to nearly to much advantage as on Wednesday evening. She is, we understand, a pupil of Ronconi, and the daughter of William Michael Rooke, well known as the composer of "Amilie," one of the most successful operas lately produced at Covent Garden. She was encored in Farmer's cavatina, "I'll follow thee," which she had sung with much effect, and for which she substituted Lacy's Neapolitan air, "Fuor di Parigi." Balfe's "Canteneer" she was also required to repeat; and a similar compliment was justly paid by the audience to their old favourite, Miss Petman, in Edward Land's very pretty song, "Why linger so long" . . .

"EAST TORRENS INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (29 October 1857), 3

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 December 1857), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 February 1858), 1

"MRS. PAINE'S CONCERT", Adelaide Times (17 February 1858), 3

From the perusal of an advertisement which appears elsewhere it will be seen that this gifted lady gives a concert in White's Room to-morrow evening. The unusually attractive programme will, no doubt, draw a large audience to hear some of the best vocal and instrumental performers in the colony. Mrs. Paine, is, we understand, the daughter of W. M. Rooke, Esq., composer of the well-known English opera of "Amilie," which contains a great deal of beautiful music comprising, "My Boyhood's Home," "What is the Spell" "'Tis Woman's Love," and "Thou art gone." Mrs. Paine has also a claim on public libtrality in consideration of services rendered gratuitously, and adequately appreciated, on various occasions at the meetings of the Choral Society . . .

"MRS. PAINE'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (19 February 1858), 3

"SOUTH AUSTRALIA", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (2 March 1858), 2

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (13 September 1861), 7 

Henry William Paine, of Melbourne, salesman. Causes of insolvency - Loss of situation, and pressure of creditors. Assets, £20; liabilities £181 9s. 4d.; deficiency, £161 9s. 4d. Mr. Courtney, official assignee.

"LATEST NEWS", Mount Alexander Mail (7 November 1862), 3 

The Police Magistrate granted a protection order, under the Divorce Act, this morning, to Mrs Fanny Paine, against her husband, William Henry Paine. The petition set forth that the parties were married on the 11th of November 1850; at All Souls' Church, Langham place, London; and that they resided together in England, Adelaide, and this colony, until the month of uly last, when her husband deserted her without reasonable cause; and had remained away for six months. The petitioner had been engaged as a vocalist, and she prayed that her earnings and property might be protected from her husband. The application was granted.

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", Leader (8 November 1862), 3 

A petition was on 6th inst, presented to Mr. Sturt, P.M., at the City Police Court, by Mrs. Fanny Paine (vocalist), praying that her earnings and property might be protected as against her husband, William Henry Paine. The parties had been married in London, in 1850, and resided together till last July, when the husband deserted her without any reasonable cause. The magistrate granted the application.

[Advertisements], The Argus (4 November 1867), 8 

. . . VARIETIES - Great Success of Miss ROOKE, vocalist, daughter of the celebrated composer . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"William Michael Rooke", Dictionary of national biography 49,_William_Michael_(DNB00)

"William Michael Rooke", IMSLP,_William_Michael 



Active VIC, 1900-07


"Smithfield. GRAND BALL", The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (9 June 1900), 2

The string band, which comprised Messrs. S. Watson (piano), Joseph Deluca (harp), Frank Palermo and Lewis Lamoglie (violins), supplied first class music.

"Street Musicians Fined", The Prahran Telegraph (13 July 1907), 4

Frank Palermo, Agoostine Aleandre and Ottoer Dimodena are a trio of Italian musicians who "work" the suburbs with violins and harp. On June 20 they were in Chapel-street, Prahran, and were playing on the footpath to a considerable crowd when Constable Welch ordered them to desist from obstructing the traffic. They resented being interfered with, and were consequently summoned. At the court on Monday only Palermo appeared. He said that since the summonses had been served he had parted with his former companions. "Him who plays the harp," he explained, "is not right in his head." Palermo was fined 2s. 66., and the others 5s. each.

PALIN, Lawrence Frederick (Herr PALIN, Mons. PALIN, Mr. L. F. PALIN)

Musician, flute and piccolo player, pianist, teacher

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855; Ballarat, VIC, by 1857; to 1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (26 February 1855), 3

HERR PALIN, of the Concert Hall, Theatre Royal, will give Lessons on the Flute and Piano. Apply 222 Lonsdale-street east.

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 February 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Star (21 May 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Star (29 September 1858), 3

"MONTEZUMA PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Star (6 October 1858), 2

"WIFE-BEATING", The Star (4 February 1858), 2

"COUNTY COURT", The Star (5 April 1859), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 February 1860), supplement 2 

IN the INSOLVENT ESTATE of LAWRENCE FREDERICK PALIN, of Sandridge, in the Colony of Victoria, Musician. - Whereas the estate of Lawrence Frederick Palin, of Sandridge, in the colony of Victoria, musician, was, on the third day of February, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and sixty, placed under sequestration . . .


PALING, William Henry

PALING, Richard John

PALING, G. H. (Mr. PALING, junior; ? J. G. PALING; ? A. G. PALING)

See mainpage: 

PALMER, Gertrude (Emily Gertrude PALMER; Miss Gertrude PALMER)

Pianist, teacher

Born Newtown, NSW, 1 February 1866; daughter of William Henry PALMER and Hannah ALDIS
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 8 January 1925, aged 58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1866), 1

"BIRTHS", Illustrated Sydney News (16 February 1866), 14

"CONCERT AT WOOLLOOMOOLOO", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 September 1876), 5

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (15 June 1878), 854

BRIEF has been the period since Mdlle. Charbonnet first made an appearance before a Sydney audience it has proved long enough to make one of her concerts a notable event. On Tuesday last this accomplished pianiste made her fifth appearance in this city, and an audience more numerous than ever had assembled . . . Mrs. Palmer most competently fulfilled her part at the pianoforte, and the playing of the very juvenile Miss Gertrude Palmer in the opening quartette on two pianos was worthy of every commendation. But even of a good thing it is possible to have too much, and Mdlle. Charbonnet would, singly, have amply satisfied all lovers of the instrument she touches so deftly. Miss Gertrude must not, however, be passed ever without her meed of commendation. This promising, and in fact accomplished young lady - indeed, she is almost a child - displayed a firm and precise touch, preserved time with accuracy which was especially noticeable in some troublesome syncopated passages in the overture which she assisted to render, and, further, managed a crisper and more effective shake than could have been expected from so young a student ...

"Mrs. Palmer's concert", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1884), 10

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August1884), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1885), 2

"MISS GERTRUDE PALMER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1897), 10

"MISS GERTRUDE PALMER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1900), 3

"MISS GERTRUDE PALMER", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1925), 10

Miss Gertrude Palmer, L.R.A.M., died yesterday morning at a private hospital in Darlinghurst. This lady, though of late years somewhat retired from active concert-room life, made frequent appearances here, both as solo pianist and as accompanist, and in both capacities displayed interpretative sympathy in alliance with technical achievement. Miss Palmer belonged to a distinguished musical family, as her father, Mr. William H. Palmer, long years ago was one of the early organists of St. Philip's Church, York-street. Her mother, Miss Aldis, was a brilliant Sydney pianist, who played at the festival opening of the University Great Hall, and she was not only a cousin of Professor Karl Straube, who prepared the design for the colossal organ at the Breslau City Hall, but also of the late Dr. Charles Steggall, formerly one of the directors of the Royal Academy of Music (London). Some fifteen years or so ago Miss Palmer attended the Royal Academy for the full three years' as a student, and secured her diploma, and in 1914 she visited London again, and, being cordially introduced by M. Charlier (Governor of the French Pacific possession of Tahiti) to Camille Saint-Saens, that great composer-pianist arranged dates for two recitals which the Australian was to give in the concert hall of the Paris Conservatoire. The outbreak of war, however, cancelled the engagement. Since her resumption of her duties as a teacher in this city Miss Palmer gradually diminished her public appearances, which latterly ceased altogether, owing to an attack of neurosis. Always ready to assist freely in the cause of charity, Miss Palmer throughout her career was highly esteemed in musical circles and in social life.

"MISS GERTRUDE PALMER", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1925), 16 

PALMER, Rodber

Lecturer on music

Active Sydney, NSW, 1861
Died Albury, NSW, 1887


"Marriages", The Maitland Mercury (17 December 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 September 1861), 1

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", Empire (24 September 1861), 5

A LECTURE WAS delivered last evening, in the School of Arts, St. Leonard's, by Mr. Rodber Palmer ... Mr. Conrad Appel's band of German musicians were present, and illustrated the lecture by the performance of a variety of pieces. Some Chinese musicians, whose attendance Mr. Palmer had made great exertions to secure, and who had promised to attend did not come, much to the regret of the lecturer and the audience. There were fully 230 persons present.

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (13 July 1872), 3

PALMER, William Henry

Flute player (Royal Lyceum), amateur vocalist, organist

Born London, England, 31 January 1831
Active Brisbane, QLD, & Sydney, NSW, 1860s
Married Hannah ALDIS, St. James's church, Sydney, NSW, 19 November 1863
Died at sea, near Somerset, England, 6 August 1876 (per Great Queensland, from London, bound for Melbourne) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Baptisms solemnized in the united parish of St. Benet Gracechurch & St. Leonard Eastcheap in the City of London in the year 1831, register 1813-61, page 18 

Said to be born Jan. 31, 1831 / No. 139. April 22 / William Henry son of / William Henry & Elizabeth / Palmer / No. 5. St. Benet's Place, Gracechurch St. / Grocer / . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1861), 1

ROYAL LYCEUM THEATRE . . . Flute - Mr. Palmer . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 December 1862), 1

LYCEUM THEATRE . . . THIS (Friday) EVENING, December 12th . . . During the evening the Band will perform Bellini's operatic selection, La Sonnambula, with flute obligato, by W. H. Palmer . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1861), 1

MR. NATHAN'S CONCERT . . . THIS EVENING . . . Flauto - Mr. Palmer . . .

"MARRIAGES", Empire (24 November 1863), 1

On the 19th instant, by special license, at St. James' Church, by the Rev. Canon Allwood, William Henry Palmer, Esq., of Brisbane, Queensland, to Hannah Hay, eldest daughter of W. H. Aldis, Esq., of Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1864), 1

SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY . . . The FOURTH CONCERT of the season . . . THIS EVENING . . . Song (with flute obligato, by Mr. Palmer) - "Lo, here the gentle Lark" - Sir H. Bishop . . .

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Sydney Mail (30 April 1864), 3 

. . . The exquisite song of "Lo, here, the gentle lark," - the flute obligato by Mr. Palmer - was decidedly one of the gems of the evening. It was sung in a most artistic style by a third lady amateur, who electrified her audience by her scientific and brilliant execution of this difficult song, and especially of those upper notes, wherein the composer has introduced a bird-like mocking of the flute . . .

"MUSIC", Sydney Mail (3 December 1864), 2 

. . . The orchestra was augmented by the recent accession of new members, and the efficient aid of Mr. J. Haimberger, Mr. S. Hodge, Mr G. McCoy, and Mr. W. Palmer . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1878), 1 

PALMER. - On board the ill-fated steamer, Great Queensland, which sailed from London August 6th, 1876, for Melbourne, W. H. Palmer, son of the late W. H. Palmer, Esq., merchant, of London, for fifteen years with R. Towns and Co., subsequently a merchant of Brisbane.

PALMER, William J. (W. J. PALMER; W. I. PALMER [sic])

Soprano vocalist, countertenor

Active Sydney, NSW, 1851-54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Isaac Nathan's ornamented versions Sarti's Lungi dal caro bene and Handel's Angels ever bright and fair were advertised as "arranged expressly for Mr. Palmer" and "his extraordinary voice". In the latter case, however, it may well have been identical with the item Nathan advertised for performance in 1842 as "With the original ornaments, as expressly written by Mr. Nathan for Madame Malibran".

"Master Palmer", the "young Soprano singer", anyway performed both several times for Nathan at St. Mary's Choral Society concerts during 1852 and 1853. At Coleman Jacobs's concert in October 1853, The Illustrated Sydney News observed wryly:

Master Palmer has a nice veluti in speculum sort of voice, and which, if not injured by injudicious treatment or culture, will be of some value in Sydney.

He then made his theatrical debut at the Royal Victoria for John Gibbs's benefit in January 1854 singing an unattributed song The maids of happy Sydney. He appeared again at the theatre in February, and gave his own first (and possibly only) concert, assisted by Flora Harris and Charles Packer.

His own bound album of printed songs, including works by Nathan and Stephen Marsh, is at the State Library of New South Wales.


"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY", Empire (26 November 1851), 2

... But we must ... announce to the public of Australia, the existence of a perfect Musico on our shores. So unusual an occurrence calls for a word of notice; and although we are not inclined to go into the history of that class of singers who are technically designated by the title of Musico, we may briefly state that a young man made his appearance at the concert on Monday evening, who, if we mistake not, will prove a resuscitation of the world-wide célébrité, Veluti. Accidental circumstances, the details of which are "caviare to the general", but which can be easily ascertained by the curious in musical arcana, have brought before the public this candidate for vocal distinction; and although Mr. Palmer is but a tyro in the art, the strength and compass of his soprano voice are a certain guarantee that, with assiduous cultivation, he will become a very great acquisition to the musical world. The lower tones are exceedingly full, and the high notes of a richness and clearness which only soprano singers can boast. But there is in the medium considerable weakness, which, however, may fairly be ascribed to want of proper training. We understand Mr. Palmer intends to cultivate the gift he possesses, with the ultimate view of benefitting himself and of contributing to the support of a widowed mother. We shall be glad to have another occasion of commenting upon Mr. Palmer's vocal powers; and in the meanwhile we are sure that, for the scientific cultivation of his talent, and for the development of the voice, he cannot be in better hands than Mr. Nathan's.

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1852), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1853), 3

[Advertisement]: "St. Mary's Choral Society", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 May 1853), 1s

 [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 October 1853), 2

"MR. COLEMAN JACOBS'S CONCERT", Empire (27 October 1853), 2

"MR. COLEMAN JACOBS'S CONCERT", Illustrated Sydney News (29 October 1853), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1853), 1s

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1853), 2

"NOVEL MUSICAL INSTRUMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 January 1854), 2

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE. PROGRESS OF THE BENEFITS", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (21 January 1854), 2

Playbill, Royal Victoria Theatre, Sydney, 23 January 1853; State Library of New South Wales (DIGITISED)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1854), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 February 1854), 1

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1854), 4

"MR. W. J. PALMER'S CONCERT", Illustrated Sydney News (25 February 1854), 3

? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. DEPARTURES", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (20 March 1854), 54 

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1865), 7 

Musical sources:

Palmer's bound collection of printed sheet music (including inscriptions to Palmer from Edwin Ransford in London (c. late 1840s), Stephen Marsh in either London (1847-49) or Sydney, and Isaac Nathan in Sydney; State Library of New South Wales

Lungi dal caro bene [from Sarti's Giulio Sabrino] ("Sung by MR. PALMER, As newly harmonised, corrected and revised, with appropriate symphonies and accompaniments; and with VARIATIONS composed expressly for his extraordinary soprano voice by I. NATHAN"); copy at National Library of Australia

But see [Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

Angels ever bright and fair ("from Handel's Theodora; sung by Mr. Palmer, at St. Mary's Choral Society; as arranged with variations &c., expressly for his extraordinary soprano voice ... by I. Nathan"), copy at National Library of Australia


? Cornet à piston player (New Queen's Theatre), vocalist (or Thomas junior below)

Born Okehampton, Devon, England, 25 February 1800
Married Mary Ann DUNN (1799-1882), Okehampton, 22 February 1824
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 27 March 1847 (per Phoebe, from London and Plymouth)
Died Mount Barker, SA, 24 July 1883


? Musician

Born Okehampton, Devon, England, 12 October 1828
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 27 March 1847 (per Phoebe, from London and Plymouth)
Married (1) Julia Colling GILL (1828-1868), Adelaide, SA, 28 June 1847
Died Mount Barker, SA, 18 September 1905


Cornet player, vocalist

Born Okehampton, Devon, England, 1 May 1837
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 27 March 1847 (per Phoebe, from London and Plymouth)
Married Mary Jane CORNELIUS (1843-1923), Mount Barker, SA, 19 November 1863
Died Melrose, SA, 25/26 March 1879 (suicide)

PALRTIDGE, Thomas Cornelius

Bandmaster, vocalist

Born Mount Barker, SA, 27 September 1864; son of Samuel PALTRIDGE and Mary Jane CORNELIUS
Died Malvern, SA, 6 April 1937, aged 72


Members of the extended family of Thomas Paltridge (1828-1905) of Mount Barker; see: 


1841, England census, Devon, Okehampton; UK National Archives, HO 107/233/7 

Thomas Paltridge / 40 / Shoe M[aker] / [Born in this county] Y; Mary [Paltridge] / 40 / Y; Elizabeth / 15 / Y; Thomas / 12 / Y; John / 10 / Y; William / 7 / Y; Samuel / 4 / Y; Mary / 1 / Y

"ADELAIDE SHIPPING", South Australian Register (3 April 1847), 3 

Emigrants by the Phoebe ... Thomas Paltridge, wife, and 3 children ; Elizabeth Paltridge; Thomas Paltridge; John Paltridge ...

[Advertisement], South Australian (18 February 1848), 2 

NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE ... MR. LAZAR ... The Orchestral Department will be considerably augmented, and consist of - Mr. Lee (leader), Mr. Richards (second violin), Mr. Thomson (violincello), Mr. Poltridge (cornet-a'-piston), Mr. Hewitt (trombone), Mr. Swift (tenor), Mr. Kaebet (master of the German Band, flute).

[Advertisement], South Australian (29 February 1848), 2

"MANCEHSTER UNITY AND ODD FELLOWS", South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (9 September 1848), 4 

... The utmost harmony and good humour prevailed throughout the evening, and many excellent songs were sung, the whole of the proceedings being also enlivened by a deserving little band of musicians, consisting of Brothers J. & S. Lang and the Messrs. Poltridge of Mount Barker.


On Friday, the 1st December, the Britannia Lodge of Oddfellows held their fifth anniversary festival at the Crown Hotel, Mount Barker. The members, decked with the various insignia of office and badges characteristic of the Order, walked in procession to St. James's Church at Blakiston, headed by Paltridge's excellent amateur brass band, with a splendid banner, and accompanied by their regalia, &c ...

"WOODSIDE", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (5 November 1859), 3 

... According to arrangement the members met in the lodge-room, at 12 o'clock, and preceded from thence in procession to Charlston, dressed in regalia costume; banners flying, accompanied by Paltridge's celebrated Mount Barker brass band ...

"MOUNT-BARKER AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY", The South Australian Advertiser (27 August 1860), 3 

... Song - Mr. Samuel Paltridge, "The Mount Barker Rifle Brigade," which caused roars of laughter, it being a comic description of the Mount Barker Volunteer Companies having to go to the Port to meet the French ...

"MILANG REGATTA", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (14 October 1865), 7 

... In the evening a musical and dramatic entertainment in aid of the building fund of the Milang School was held, Mr. J. Cheriton in the chair. The pianoforte was ably presided over by Mrs. Evans, of Strathalbyn, Mr. Lower played a violin, and Messrs. Paltridge, of Mount Barker, on cornets. The very large and spacious schoolroom was crowded to excess, and many could not gain admittance. Precisely at half-past 7 the orchestra commenced with an overture, and the programme consisted of a recitation, "Clarence's Dream," by Mr. Kemp; The glee, "Chough and Crow," by Messrs. T. Paltridge, S. Paltridge. T. Cornelius, and Evans. A scene from the "Lady of Lyons," by Messrs. Makin, Kemp, Bishop, Pavy; piano solo - by Mre. Evans - "Fairy Dreams;" duets, cornets, Messrs. Paltridge's; "The King and Miller of Mansfield," by Mr. Kemp, and Mr. Makin; a solo and chorus by Messrs. Lower, Evans. S. Paltridge, T. Paltridge, T. Cornelius "Stop dat Knocking;" "Lochiel's Warning," by Mr. Kemp, and J. Bishop; waltz, "Reigning Beauty," piano and cornet; scene from Douglas, Mr. Kemp and Mr. Makin, solo, full orchestra. A scene from 'William Tell," was received with much applause. The entertainment altogether showed the gentlemen must have taken great trouble and pains by the way in which it was carried out ... Mr. Crawford moved a vote of thanks to the gentlemen forming the orchestra, for their kind and gratuitous services. Mr. T. Paltridge returned thanks ...

"STRATHALBYN", Adelaide Observer (25 August 1866), 7 

On Friday evening (17th) a lecture was delivered in Mr. Colman's store by Mr. O. K. Richardson, in aid of funds for the purchase of an harmonium for the services in connection with the Church of England. About 70 persons were present. Dr. Herbert occupied the chair. Mr. T. Evans presided at the piano, the other instrumental and vocal music being rendered by several gentlemen whose names appear below, first overture - Piano, cornets, Messrs. T. and S. Paltridge ...

"COUNTRY LETTERS", Port Augusta Dispatch (28 March 1879), 8 

"DEATH OF MR. T. PALTRIDGE", Border Watch (23 September 1905), 4 

"Mr. T. C. Paltridge", Chronicle (15 April 1937), 17 

Mr. T. C. Paltridge, who died recently, aged 72, was born at Mount Barker, being a son of Mr. S. L. Paltridge. When a boy, he was taken to Wilmington, and in 1878 entered the service of Mr. George Marshall. In 1880 he was employed by James Marshall & Co., and afterwards he joined the firm of G. & R. Wills. His experience in Adelaide led to his going into business as a general store keeper at Brinkworth. Mr. Paltridge was a foundation member of the Adelaide Orpheus Society, of which organisation he was for many years a soloist, possessing a voice of exceptional quality. On one occasion he contested the Liberal plebiscite for Stanley, but was defeated by Sir Henry Barwell. Mr. Paltridge left a widow and four married daughters, Mrs. A. Manthorpe, of Hawker; Mrs. J. A. Pook, of Adelaide; Mrs. E. Bond, of Adelaide; and Mrs. D. Faulkner, of Adelaide.


Violinist, band-leader, composer, arranger

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, June 1853 (per Bright Planet, aged 25, French)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 18 February 1861 (per Peru, for London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


According to a report from the Mauritius papers early in 1853:

On the 23rd February the Bright Planet, which had sailed on the previous Sunday for Australia, returned to Port Louis, in consequence of having sprung a leak which threatened the safety of the ship. Among the numerous passengers were four theatrical per formers, Mme Beaugrand and MM. Delmary, Alexandra, and Paltzer, whom our Port Louis contemporary describes as "artistes de la dernière troupe dramatique."

A M. Paltzer Sivorini was to be among the company at Melbourne's Queen's Theatre in October 1853, and M. Paltzer directed the music for Queen's Birthday celebrations in Ballarat in 1855. In August 1856, "Palzer's Celebrated Band" was advertised as being "Composed of the twelve first Musicians in the Colony".

At the Charlie Napier Theatre in February 1857, for the "operatic burlesque" Othello travestie ("Operatic burlesque") there was "a NEW OVERTURE Introducing the Airs from the Burleqsue Composed by Mons. Paltzer", and Castle spectre, or The haunted oratory ("Dramatic Romance") was "Produced with new music, arranged by Mons. Paltzer". At Ballarat's Royal Victoria Theatre in June 1857, The wood demon; or, The hour of one, was produced with "The whole of the choruses and the original music arranged and composed by Monsieur Paltzer, expressly for this occasion."

About to go on tour with the Bianchis, Paltzer put his house up for sale prior to leaving Ballarat in May 1860, arriving in Sydney in the same month where "Mons. A. Paltzer" (the initial perhaps misheard) was to be conductor for the opera season, opening with Il trovatore, at the Prince of Wales Theatre. In June 1860, anyway, the Empire noted the recent publication in Melbourne of the opera conductor, J. Paltzer's Lola Montez schottische, "a pleasing dance in honour of the once renowned countess-danseuse, of whom the title-page presents a portrait". Later that year Paltzer toured with the Bianchi/Gregg/Winterbottom company to Tasmania.

Back in Ballarat with the Bianchis, he received his farewell benefit on 8 February 1861 ("The Theatre Royal was well attended last night, when the Opera La Traviata ... [was] produced for the benefit of M. Paltzer, who has long been known as an accomplished violinist in Ballarat."), before sailing from Melbourne for England.


"MAURITIUS", South Australian Register (22 April 1853), 3

"THE QUEEN'S THEATRE", The Argus (15 October 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1854), 8

ROWES CIRCUS. Enlargement of the Orchestra.
The Twelfth of a series of PROMENADE CONCERTS will take place on Saturday evening, January 28th, 1854.
Mr. Alfred Oakey's celebrated Monster Orchestra . . .
Mr. T. Paltzer [sic], the celebrated Solo Performer, late Violino Primo to the King of Belgium . . .
First night of an original Quadrille, by T. Paltzer, Seige of Mauritius, Bourbon and Madagascar.
Also by the same composer, The Creole Polka . . .

"BALLARAT", The Argus (1 June 1855), 6

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (1 October 1855), 4

"LOLA MONTES", South Australian Register (18 March 1856), 2

[Advertisement], The Star (24 July 1856), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (12 August 1856), 1

"WESLEYAN BAZAAR", The Star (7 January 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Star (23 February 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (28 February 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (8 June 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (3 September 1857), 3

"BALLARAT", The Musical Times (1 November 1858), 334

[Advertisement], The Star (17 April 1860), 3

"EASTERN POLICE COURT", The Star (15 May 1860), 2

"SHIPPING", Empire (21 May 1860), 4

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (26 May 1860), 3

"COLONIAL SUMMARY. NEW SOUTH WALES", The Moreton Bay Courier (31 May 1860), 4

"A Schottische is by no means calculated ...", Empire (16 June 1860), 4

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (13 October 1860), 5

"HOBART TOWN", The Musical World (2 February 1861), 79

[Advertisement], The Star (8 February 1861), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (9 February 1861), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (23 February 1861), 4

"VIOLINS AND VIOLINISTS", The Ballarat Star (11 June 1888), 3 

... It comes next to say something of violin players; not of birds of passage like Miska Hauser, Wilhelmj, Remenyi, Rhodes and Poussard, but of performers who are or have been identified with our own City of Ballarat. Those whose memories carry them back 30 years, to the days of uncomfortable tents, and dirty stringy-bark huts, will of course remember two popular places of resort, the "Charlie" and the "Victoria," each supporting a capable orchestra, led respectively bv two French musicians, Mons. Fleury and Mons. Palzer [sic]. Mons. Fleury, with his long fair hair floating over his shoulders in massy curls, his coat sleeve lined with pink silk well turned back, is described as presenting an airy and fantastic appearance. He handled his violin with a light and jaunty air, and his playing was of that brilliant rippling kind, which charms the ordinary listener without allowing the artist to be lost sight of. Of Palzer it is said that he disdained the whimsical style of Fleury, aiming at a solidity that accorded well with his personal appearance. Dark, with close cropped hair, and scrupulously neat and prim in dress, his violin-playing was neat and crisp, without a trace of slovenliness, but wanting in the dash and go which characterised the performances of Fleury. Both appear to have been really good violinists, and when playing side by side, as sometimes occurred at the Philharmonic concerts, their styles united with excellent effect, each seeming to supply what the other lacked; Fleury impatient when a solid passage had to be negotiated which did not admit of display - Palzer in his element; for his breadth of tone and rigid accuracy found here their appropriate sphere. How a passage would occur in which the fairy whispers of Fleury's fancy revelled, and as his lingers flew along the instrument he would shake back his wavy ringlets, his visage beaming with enjoyment; while Palzer, rarely smiling, peered through his spectacles, and bending to his work, did it conscientiously, but apparently with less interest than possessed him in the more difficult passages. Those were the days of Lola Montez, the famous danseuse, to whom Palzer dedicated a pretty schottische, named after that erratic but fascinating creature. In a few years, however, a change came over Ballarat. People began to settle in homes, and to incline less to the "Charlie" and "Victoria," with the play first and the dancing afterwards; music in its higher branches became neglected; the talented violinists, Fleury and Palzer, had to go, and with them went the orchestras, which for years in the rough times had given delight to all who had a taste for the good things they remembered to have heard in the European centres ...

Bibliography and resources:

Doggett 2006


Ballad vocalist, guitarist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by September 1850


On her first public appearance in Hobart Town, VDL, for George Peck's Theatre of Arts in May 1835, Marianne Pettingell (later Mrs. St. John Adcock) was billed as "a Young Lady only 12 years of Age, Pupil of the celebrated Panorma" [sic]. This was probably the composer and music teacher Francis Panormo (1763-1843), famous as composer of the Bird waltz, even in far away Sydney, where, in the 1840s, Francis Ellard issued a local edition. Francis Panormo's waltz was, likewise, almost certainly still in Frederick Ellard's mind when he composed his Australian bird waltz (1854).

James Westbrook (2013) has profiled the family of Francis's much younger brother, Louis (Lewis) Panormo (1784-1862). He began building guitars in the "Spanish Style" (as distinct from the English guitar) in London in the 1820s, and among performers his instruments were popularised by his son-in-law, Antonio Trinitario Huerta (1800-1874). Louis's eldest daughter Angelina (1811-1900), was a pupil of Huerta, and also dedicatee of a set of easy divertimentos that Panormo published in 1827. Heurta married the 17-year-old Angelina the following year. Panormo's nephew, George Lewis Panormo (1815-1877) later claimed to be successor to his uncle's business, after the latter retired in 1854, aged 70. On 8 May 1859, Louis, aged 75, his second wife Sarah, and three children, Sarah ("Matilda") aged 40, Eliza aged 34 and Theophilus aged 21, sailed from London for Auckland, arriving there on 18 August, and settling in New Zealand. Earlier, in November 1853, another party of his children had emigrated to Sydney, Australia; these included Louisa Sophia, aged 33, Louis, aged 32, Cecilia, aged 28, Vincent, aged 27, and Charles Frederick, aged 24. Some of these also later joined their father in New Zealand, before he died there, in 1862.

Tentative identification:

Pending checking of shipping lists, it seems possible, then, that the Melbourne Miss Panormo might have been Louis's eldest unmarried daughter, Sarah ("Matilda") (? the intended recipient of the parcel for "S. Panormo" in 1853). On her first concert appearance in Melbourne, when she was described as a "young lady", she would have been in her early 30s. If so, her earlier arrival was no doubt influential in the later family migrations. If it was Sarah, she would have been about 8 or 9 years old at the time of her elder sister's marriage to Huerta, and her lessons with him presumably date from around that time.


[Advertisement], The Morning Post (19 April 1827)

L. Panormo has the honour of informing the Nobility, Gentry and Public, that he is the maker of the GUITAR the celebrated A. T. Huerta plays on with so much success. L. P. has several ready made of the same pattern, equally good in tone, and warranted to stand in any climate ... Those that have not a label inside marked "Panormo, fecit, anno, London, 26, High-Street, Bloomsbury" are only imitations got up cheaper. Four very easy Divertimentos for the Spanish guitar, by A. T. Huerta. Published by L. Panormo.

? "DUBLIN. THEATRE ROYAL", Theatrical Times (22 July 1848), 240

Miss Rainforth took a benefit on the night of Monday, February 14, when the bill of fare was as follows: - "Norma;" Miss Rainforth as Norma, Mr. Travers as Pollio, M., Stretton as Oroveso, Mr. Houghton as Flavius, Miss Panormo as Clotilda, and Miss Mason as Adalgisa ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 September 1850), 3

"LAST NIGHT'S CONCERT", The Melbourne Daily News (26 September 1850), 2 

... A young lady, Miss Panormo, made her debût on the occasion. She possesses a mezzo soprano of good quality, which will improve under cultivation and that constant practice which it will be necessary she should undergo to obtain that control, modulation, and flexibility which at present is not very observable. The selection was not very judicious, and her style capable of improvement. We are not disposed to criticise too closely first appearances, as much allowance is to be made for nervousness, &c, under which Miss Panormo evidently laboured. We have no hesitation, however, in saying that with study and hard practice this lady will become a very pleasing vocalist ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 December 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Daily News (19 December 1850), 3 

A CARD. MISS PANORMO, pupil of that celebrated master, the Senhor Huerta, begs to intimate that she gives lessons on the Guitar in the Spanish style and Singing. Address, Williams street, Collingwood.

[Advertisement]: POST OFFICE. List of Letters ... Unclaimed", The Argus (10 January 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 June 1853), 3

MR. S. PANORMO, a Box sent by L. Panormo, London, per Hellespont, directed to you, is lying at Joseph Wilkie's Musical and Pianoforte Saloon, 15, Collins street.

? [Advertisement], New Zealander (10 December 1859), 4 

MISS PANORMO, DRESSMAKER, CHAPEL-STREET, near the Roman Catholic Chapel .... Having recently arrived from London, she has brought with her latest Fashions for inspection ... A fine-toned Italian Violoncello for sale, price 30 guineas.

Bibliography and resources:

"Panormo", in Sainsbury, A dictionary of musicians, 260

James Westbrook, "Louis Panormo: 'The only maker of guitars in the Spanish style'", Early music 41/4 (2013), 571-84 

PANTON, David (David PANTON)

Singer (St. David's church, Hobart)

Born c. 1827
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 August 1833 (per Thomas, from Leith)
Died Hobart Town, TAS, 5 December 1862, aged 35 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Letter to governor George Arthur, from the colonial office, London, 14 Feburary 1833; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1509806; GO3/1/1 p491$init=G03-1-1p248jpg 

[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (3 December 1841), 2 

TO THE PUBLIC. HAVING received a notice stating that "at a meeting of the Chaplain and Churchwardens, held on the 1st of November, at St. David's Church, it was unanimously resolved that my services as Organist would not be required beyond the end of the month," and having been previously charged by the Rev. Mr. Bedford with taking no interest in the organ, singing, &c., beyond mere attending on the Sundays, I feel duty bound to offer some explanation, and therefore beg most respectfully to submit the following statement of facts, as connected with the above.

In January, 1838, I accepted the situation of Organist at St. David's Church, with a salary of £50 per annum, agreeing to tune the organ and instruct the singers. After going on for several months, the boys and girls who formed the choir found great difficulty in getting their pay, in consequence of which they nearly all left off attending. I then suggested to Mr. Bedford that a choir might be formed from the band of the 51st Regt.; permission was accordingly given by the commanding officer, and a certain nimber of men selected, who attended regularly, and assisted in the singing at church; however, at the expiration of the third quarter, their pay was not forthcoming, I then advanced them the sum due (£5) in order to keep on the singing. On the following quarter's pay becoming due, the same delay was experienced by the men, who, having been several times put off with excuses and promises by Mr. Bedford, stated their determination of not singing again until they were paid. As this determination was rather premature, it was deemed advisable to take them at their word, and dispense with their further assistance.

It was then arranged by myself and Mr. Bedford that some of the boys who used to sing at church should be engaged again - of,course with an understanding that some remuneration should be promised. The boys alluded to returned accordingly, and assisted in the singing; but quarter after quarter passed away, and the boys (with the exception of one) could get nothing but promises of books, &c., from Mr. Bedford. I was therefore compelled to write to the Rev. Gentleman, stating that in consequence of the boys not being paid, it was impossible for me to have them under proper control, also that I was afraid they would leave at a moment's notice, and further, begging that he would allow me to call upon, and endeavour to collect a small sum from the congregation, to pay the boys with. In reply to which, Mr. Bedford stated that the boys were not engaged again with his approbation, and that he did not approve of my endeavouring to collect anything from the congregation, adding also, that my letter should be laid before the Churchwardens at their next meeting.

The boys, of course, in the meantime were getting very impatient. I then purchased a new silver watch of Mr. Heekscher, for which I paid £5, and made a present of the same to "W. Hamilton," a lad who had been extremely regular in his attendance for a very long period; another of the singers, "D. Panton," I gave £1, likewise half-a-dozen of wine to his parents; to another boy, "W. Erle" I gave instruction on the pianoforte; Mr. Duly's son also received instruction on the pianoforte, for which I refused to be paid, in consequence of his father having assisted in the choir; my brother assisted nearly the whole of the time I held the situation; our nurse-girl, too, was spared to assist in the singing, to the great inconvenience of my home, for eighteen months. These, and many other exertions have been made, both in the choir and in tuning the organ. And yet the Rev. Chaplain has stated, that I have taken no interest in the situation beyond the mere attending on the Sundays.

Bad as the singing has been, it has required considerable exertion on my part, to keep up any singing at all - and nothing but the circumstance of my having stood much in need of the salary, towards the support of myself and family, induced me to continue in a situation so connected with unpleasantness, as it was grievous to be obliged to sit and hear, which I have often done, both the men and boys in the choir express their inde though honest indignation, by sneering when the Rev. Mr. Bedford has been lecturing on that part of the Scripture which relates to the necessity of a strict adherence to the truth, the more grievous because I have known that such sneers were caused in consequence of the repeated promises of the Rev. Gentleman remaining unfulfilled.

I have been unwillingly compelled to make the foregoing statement - as were I to submit to so sudden a dismissal without giving an explanation, I should not be considered eligible to apply elsewhere for a similar appointment.

W. RUSSELL. Dec. 3, 1841.

ASSOCIATIONSL William Wilkins Russell (organist); William Bedford (chaplain); George Duly, son of Abraham Duly

"DEATHS", The Mercury (6 December 1862), 1 

Died on the 5th instant, David youngest son of Mr. David Panton, aged 35 years. The funeral will take place from his father's residence, 100 Melville-street, on Monday next, at 3 o'clock. Friends please accept this notice as an invitation.


Orchestral bugle player, French horn player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1835-43; ? died 1843 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PAPPIN, George (George PAPPIN)

French horn player

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1837
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 March 1839, aged 21 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Stephen Pappin played bugle (presumably a keyed bugle) in the orchestra of the Theatre Royal Sydney for the season commencing in May 1835; notably, Thomas Stubbs, who also played keyed bugle, was at time playing flute in the band. Pappin was regularly listed in the theatre band in 1841-43 under Thomas Leggatt and S. W. Wallace. Stephen Pappin disappears from the record in 1843, but his widow, Josephine Louise, died in Sydney in 1880, in her 80th year.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 May 1835), 3

"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

To the Editor of the Sydney Monitor. SIR - I respectfully beg that you will in your journal contradict - "That I have leased the Theatre to any one." But that, from the great sums I have expended for its re opening, not only the scenery, dresses, and others; and, though last, not least, a considerable number of musicians; amongst the names of the gentlemen, are - Mr. Dean (leader), his Three Sons, Messrs. Sippe, Wilson, Turner, Papping and Son (French horns), Johnson, White, Westrop, White, Bowles, and others whose names I have not taken note of. And I trust, when I take charge of the Theatre, to conduct it with respectability, and make it convenient to a liberal public. I am, Sir, Your obedient servant, BARNETT LEVEY. Thursday, 20th March, 1836.

"DEATH", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (20 March 1839), 2

Death. - On the 9th March, at his Father's residence, Kent street, much respected and regretted, George Pappin, musician, the only son of Mr. Stephen Pappin.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (6 February 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 February 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1843), 1

PAPPIN, Thomas Green (Mr. T. G. PAPPIN; Thomas Green PAPPIN)

Vocalist, pianist, harmonium player, orchestral trombonist, tuner and repairer of pianos

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1859
Died Perth, WA, 20 June 1912, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Pappin, a piano tuner and orchestral musician by trade, also sang for George Loder in concerts in 1866 and as Don Jose in James Shakespeare's production of Maritana. He moved to Perth in 1902, continuing in business there as a piano tuner.


"SALISBURY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 October 1859), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 May 1863), 1

"THE NEW VOLUNTEER FORCE", South Australian Register (21 May 1866), 2

  [Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (29 May 1866), 1

"THIRTY YEARS IN STAGELAND. BY J. H. L. XI. MUSICAL ADELAIDE", South Australian Register (22 September 1900), 10

[Advertisement], Sunday Times (5 May 1907), 7

"DEATHS", The West Australian (21 June 1912), 1

"FUNERAL REPORT", The Daily News (25 June 1912), 1

"Theatre Royal Orchestra", Chronicle (22 June 1939), 66

PARIS, Eugene (Mons. E. PARIS; Eugene PARIS)

Double bass player, dancing master, secretary (Adelaide Choral Society; founder of Sydney Philharmonic Society)

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 2 June 1849 (per Royal Sovereign, from Plymouth, 17 February)
Active Adelaide, SA, until 1851, Sydney, NSW, until late 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian (5 June 1849), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

[News], South Australian (29 August 1850), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (23 September 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (20 January 1851), 2

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (24 January 1851), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 April 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (19 August 1851), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 October 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1854), 2

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Bell's Life in Sydney (17 June 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (20 January 1855), 3

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1855), 5

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1856), 7

PARK, Alexander Archibald

Music lithographer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1856
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 April 1863, aged 62 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Park, then of 89 Yurong-street, did the music and cover lithography for at least six extant music prints published in Sydney by Jeremiah Moore. In November 1856, Moore advertised:

... that he has made arrangements to reproduce in a handsome manner, and much superior to anything of the kind hitherto produced in this colony, a series of the newest and most popular pieces of music, at less than half the English price. The following pieces are already published at the annexed prices:

1. The Lancer's quadrilles

[2]. The sultan polkas

3. Then you'll remember me (Song by Balfe)

4. King Pippin's polka

5. Lilly Dale (Park's Edition No. 5)

6. The postman's knock (Park's Edition No. 6)

7. Moonlight polka

8. Old folks at home

9. Shells of the ocean (Park's Edition No. 9)

10. Young England quadrille (Park's Edition No. 10)

11. Cushla Machree

12. Oh steer my bark to Erin's isle

13. I'm leaving thee Annie (Park's Edition No. 13)

14. By the sad sea waves

15. The Egyptian polka

All of these were evidently Park's work, as also were the following identified Moore prints, advertised in March 1857:

[?]. My Mary Anne or bobbing around quadrilles

[?]. The Royal Irish quadrilles ("arranged by Jullien")

25. Annie Laurie ("a favourite ballad, as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock).

It sold for 1 shilling, and therefore may have been issued to undercut Woolcott and Clarke's 2/6 edition of the song ("as sung by Mrs. St John Adcock") which they had published in 1855.

[?] Heart's misgiving (a favourite song)


26. La varsoviana ("new and admired dance")

Park also engraved The Englishman (by John Blockley for Woolcott and Clarke (by 1855); The red, white and blue ("a popular national air") for Charles Sandon in March-April 1856; and Rosella schottische in 1859 for the composer Robert Bishop Theobald.

The last trace of Park's work is an advertisement he placed on 24 May 1862:

THIS DAY is published, a lithograph PORTRAIT of a N.S.W. Volunteer Rifleman. Price 1s. By A. PARK, 39, Park-street, Sydney.


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (29 November 1856), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 May 1862), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1863), 1

Bibliography and resources

Neidorf 1999, 205-07 (Moore), 221 (Park) (DIGITISED)

"Archibald Park", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

PARK, George Gethin

Flautist, bandmaster, conductor, composer, author

Born Sydney, NSW, 15 February 1868 (son of Thomas and Emily PARK)
Active Sydney, NSW by 1895
Died Coogee, NSW, 31 May 1932, in his 65th year (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1891), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1895), 2

"RANDWICK MUSICAL SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1910), 14

"MUSICAL GOSSIP", Evening News (4 June 1910), 13 

NEW OVERTURE ... Mr. G. G. Park's new overture, "The Surfers," which is to be performed for the first time^ by the Randwick District Musical Society on June 15 at the local Town Hall, is an attempt to illustrate by music a day's holiday on one of our beaches. The themes are written to suggest the majesty and dignity of the ocean, the sea and shore birds, life on the beach and fun in the surf, and a reverie "such as one might indulge in while sun-bathing and contemplating the beauties and wonders of nature." Then there is an awakening from the reverie and a return to the surf bathers. We have not yet heard the new overture, but it is certainly to Mr. Park's credit that he has made this attempt to picture in music a typically Australian scene, and the one selected should suggest some happy musical thoughts apart from its descriptive intention. Many people in these days like to see on their programmes a progressive analysis of the music which they are about to hear, and even strive to attribute to compositions that are without such "labels" a meaning which their authors never had the remotest intention to convey. It pleases them to go beyond the aesthetic purpose of the music, and to say, "Now, we are listening to a remarkable description of a butterfly's wedding," or "How moving is this period of storm; soon, soon, we shall have a beautiful time of peace," and so on. It is for the composer himself to declare, in descriptive music, what he desires to express, otherwise mistakes are certain to be made; and there may be an abundant field for such work in Australia, as yet untouched. An Australian musician when travelling not long ago sat down at his hotel and gave his friends the benefit of a vivid musical reproduction of the scenes through which the party had passed; but the musical story was never published, unfortunately. Mr. Park's new composition will be heard with interest, and it may be enjoyed in its aesthetic as well as its descriptive meaning.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 June 1932), 6

"OBITUARY. GEORGE G. PARK", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1932), 15

Mr. George Gethin Park, who died recently, in his 65th year, was well known in the musical life of Sydney. As far back as the time of the late Signor Hazon he was flautist with the Sydney Amateur Orchestral Society, the Philharmonic Society, and other musical societies. He organised and was secretary of the New South Wales State Military Band. Mr. Park gave much time in later years to conducting and training church choirs ...

Musical works:

Original overture, The surfers (1910)

Budgeree corroboree (a jolly Australian song) (1922) 

A song of Sydney (1927)

Who are the brave? 


Professor of Music, lecturer

Active Gippsland, VIC, 1865


[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (28 January 1865), 1

"LECTURE AT THE MECHANICS INSTITUTE", Gippsland Times (12 August 1865), 3 

[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (7 October 1865), 2 


Convict, actor, dancer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 26 July 1799 (convict on the Hillsborough)


Jordan 2002, 238-41

PARRY, Frances (FERGUSON, alias GROSVENOR, alias FOX)

Convict, actor, dancer, soprano vocalist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 June 1797 (convict on the Ganges)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 21 October 1800 (passenger on the Buffalo)


Jordan 2002, 241-244

PARSONS, Harry (Henry)

Master of the Band of the NSW Corps, Leader of Church Music (St. Philip's, Sydney), singing master (Orphan School)

Born 1768; arrived NSW 1788; died NSW, 1819

Go to main page on Harry Parsons and his Curtis family descendents: 

PASCOE, Edward (H. V. E. PASCOE)

Musician, "blind organist", composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1869
Died Warrnambool, VIC, 1936, aged 74


[News], The Argus (9 September 1869), 5

A very painful case came before the Geelong bench of magistrates yesterday. A boy named Edward Pascoe, born blind, aged eight years, was charged as a neglected child. A Mrs. Harvey stated that the father was dead, and the mother left him in her charge about two years since. She went to one of the banks one day for the alleged purpose of getting money to pay witness, but had never returned. Witness had kept the child since, but could not afford to do so any longer. Although blind, the child was most intelligent. Witness, in reply to a question put by the police magistrate, stated that she would prefer that the child should be admitted in the Asylum for the Blind. He had relations in a good position in England, and witness could give their address. At the request of the Bench the charge was withdrawn, the magistrates undertaking to lay the facts before the Chief Secretary with the view of obtaining an order for the child's admission to the asylum, Mrs. Harvey in the meantime to continue to take charge of the boy.

[News], The Argus (31 March 1882), 5

Mr. Moss had gratifying news to communicate, namely, that one of the pupils had been appointed organist at St. James Church, Melbourne and that he had received from the Rev. Mr Becher, from the choir and from the congregation, the most satisfactory accounts of the way in which Edward Pascoe had done his duty during the last two Sundays. The speaker feared that want of confidence or prejudice stood in the way of the employment of blind organists, but hoped other congregations would follow that of St James. During the moonlit periods of the next two months the musical pupils would be engaged in country concerts on the Echuca and Wodonga lines of railway ... It has been mentioned to us that Henry Forder, a former pupil of the institution has lately been appointed organist at the Presbyterian Church, St. Kilda.

"A WORLD WITHOUT LIGHT", The McIvor Times (26 April 1883), 3

"CHURCH NEWS", The Australasian (10 May 1902), 7

Mr. H. V. E. Pascoe, the organist of St. John's Presbyterian Church, Warrnambool, is spoken of as "a most interesting musician." Although not totally blind, his sight is so defective that he has to play his pieces entirely from memory. On Monday afternoon Mr. Pascoe gave an organ rehearsal for a recital at the Masonic-hall during the week, and not only played perfectly, among other things, Bach's great Fantasia and Fugue in G minor, but also stood the extremely difficult test of picking out rapidly, aided by ear alone, each note of greatly extended chords, worked into puzzling chromatic refinements, played by a leading local musician.

[News], Camperdown Chronicle (11 February 1919), 2

"WARRNAMBOOL & DISTRICT", The Argus (6 November 1936), 4

PASCOE, William


Active Port Augusta, SA, 1865


"INDECENT ASSAULT", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (20 May 1865), 7

Henry Julien Colman, otherwise Hall, was indicted for indecently assaulting Wm. Pascoe, a young man lately in his employ as a musician, at Port Augusta. Mr. Downer defended the prisoner, and, from the fact which came out in evidence, that Pascoe was locked up one night at the instance of the prisoner for drunkenness, put the case as one of malice on the part of the prosecutor out of revenge for being locked up.


Musicseller, piano tuner, musician, music teacher

Born Brighton, England
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 May 1853 (per Abyssinia, from San Francisco)
Died West Maitland, NSW, 24 May 1904, aged 73 (for 50 years music importer, West Maitland)



Born Maitland, NSW, 1867
Died Maitland, NSW, 1945


"ARRIVALS", Empire (12 May 1853), 2

[Advertisement], Northern Times (17 March 1860), 3

Musical Instruments Tuned and Repaired. ON VERY LOW TERMS. PARTIES visiting Maitland wishing to LEARN MUSIC, by calling at H. PASKINS can be taught to play the Flutina or Accordian before leaving the shop. N.B- H.P. has taught parties from 12 up to 70 years of age. Musical instruments always on hand. Don't forget the address- H. PASKINS, Cheap Music Shop, Nearly opposite the Angel Inn, High-street, West Maitland.

"THE ARTILLERY BAND", The Newcastle Chronicle (28 October 1869), 3

Mr. Gates lately purchased from Mr. Paskins, of West Maitland, three brass instruments, viz., a bombardone, a baritone, and a tenor horn. He speaks highly in favor of them as being of a first class character, and were purchased at a low figure. We are glad to learn that such instruments can be obtained at Mr. Paskins', without the trouble and expense of sending to England for them.

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury (30 May 1904), 1

"DEATH OF MR. HENRY PASKINS", The Maitland Mercury (24 May 1904), 2

This afternoon Mr. Henry Paskins, of West Maitland, died at his residence in Bourke-street. He was 73 years of age. He was born near Brighton, England, and, after varied experiences in early manhood, he came to this district nearly half a century ago. He engaged in business as a dealer in musical instruments, and gradually built up a large business, and made the name of Paskins known throughout the State. For a time after coming to Maitland he had a shop near High-street railway station; but soon he moved up town, and took a place close to where Paskins' Arcade now stands. ...

"OBITUARY. MR. E. PASKINS", Dungog Chronicle (9 November 1945), 3

A son of the late Mr. Henry Paskins, he was born in Maitland and spent all his life of 78 years there. His father opened a music store in High Street, near High Street railway station, 85 years ago, and Mr. Elias Paskins was associated with him in that business. He had conducted it himself since his late father retired 45 years ago. Mr. Paskins was always deeply interested in any musical organisations in the town and these always had his enthusiastic support.

PATEK, Rudolph

Cellist, bandmaster, composer (member of Vienna Conservatory)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1880 (with the Austrian Strauss Band)
Active Sydney, NSW, until end 1886 (in USA by 1889)


"THE AUSTRIAN STRAUSS BAND", The Argus (11 October 1880), 6

"THE AUSTRIAN STRAUSS BAND", The Argus (18 October 1880), 6

 "MARRIAGE", The Brisbane Courier (29 December 1881), 2

"Herr Patek's Band", Evening News (25 February 1886), 5

"THE SYDNEY BAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 March 1886), 11

"Notes", Daily Alta California (31 March 1889), 2

"ROBBED OF HIS WIFE AND BADLY BEATEN", San Francisco Fall (14 November 1898), 10

Musical works:

Railway galop (composed by R. Patek; "Composed by Herr Patek of the Austrian Band") ([Sydney?:  ?, 188-?]) 

PATERSON, Andrew Barton ("Banjo"; "The Banjo")

Folk song collector, editor, bush balladist, poet

Born Narrambla, NSW, 17 February 1864
Died Sydney, NSW, 5 February 1941 (NLA persistent identifier)



"THE OLD BUSH SONGS OF AUSTRALIA", Newcastle Morning Herald (16 August 1897), 8

MESSRS. ANGUS AND ROBERTSON contemplate the publication of a volume of the old Bush and Campfire songs of Australia, to be edited by Mr. A. B. Patersen [sic] ("The Banjo"), author of The Man from Snowy River. In this work, which may justly be called a National undertaking, the publishers rely on the co-operation of every Australian. Those having words, or even fragments, of the bush and campfire songs are requested to send them, with the music or air when possible, to Messrs. ANGUS AND RORERTSON, 89 Castlereagh-street, Sydney, who will duly acknowledge the receipt of same.

"THE OLD BUSH SONGS OF AUSTRALIA", Freeman's Journal (21 August 1897), 19

"Old Bush Songs: Memories of the Roaring Days", The Catholic Press (8 February 1906), 16

"PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED. OLD BUSH SONGS", The Queenslander (17 February 1906), 20


A. B. Paterson, The man from Snowy River and other verses (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1895)

A. B. Paterson, The old bush songs: composed and sung in the bushranging, digging, and overlanding days (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1905)

Bibliography and resources:

Clement Semmler, "Paterson, Andrew Barton (Banjo) (1864-1941)", Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

PATTI, Carlotta (Madame DE MUNCK)

Soprano vocalist
Born Florence, Italy, 20 October 1835 (elder sister of Adelina PATTI)
Died Paris, France, 27 June 1889"Carlotta+Patti" (Trove search)

DE MUNCK, Ernest (Ernest de MUNCK)

Born 1840
Died London, 19 June 1915

Arrived Sydney, 16 February 1880 (per City of New York, from San Francisco)
Departed Sydney, 2 October 1880 (per R.M.S. Bowen, for Batavia)



"THE PATTI CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1880), 5

The appearance of one of those great artistes whose names are known to fame wherever music is cultivated is a notable event in our city, and that it was felt to be so was evidenced in the vast assemblage which gathered within the walls of the Theatre Royal last night. To the artists references have already been made in our columns, and, as we have stated, details of the artist lives and careers of Mdme. Carlotta Patti, Mr. Ernest de Munck, and Signor Ciampi-Cellaj have been so freely distributed in the city that we may safely assert our readers know as much as we do. The company has been considerably lessened since the visit was announced, in place of Mr Henry Ketten, the eminent pianist, the "French Rubinstein," Signor Paolo Giorza is accompanist and solo-pianist, and although none more fully recognize his great musical powers than we do ourselves, we cannot hide the fact, that as one who has day by day for months been before our eyes and ears, he cannot lay claim to novelty. "Variety is the salt of life," and the greatest treasures lose much of their charm by being constantly before their possessors . . .

"CARLOTTA PATTI", The Argus (3 April 1880), 8

"Brevities", Evening News (2 October 1880), 4 

Bibliography and resources:

Robin Humphrey Legge, "PATTI-Carlotta", Dictionary of national biography 44 (1895),_Carlotta_(DNB00)

On 3 Sept. 1879 Mlle. Patti married M. Ernest de Munck, solo violoncellist to the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar; and from that date to her death, which took place from cancer, at her house in the Rue Pierre-Charron at Paris, on 27 June 1889, she retired from public life, though much of her time was devoted to teaching.

"Carlotta Patti", Wikipedia

"Carlotta Patti", Wikipedia (de)

"Ernest de Munck", Wikipedia (de) 


Teacher of music and singing

Died Yokohama, Japan, 7 January 1912, aged 80

PATTON, Reginald Holdroyd

Pianist, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1877
Died Melbourne, VIC, 20 May 1886, in his 23rd year


"THE LILY AND THE ROSE WALTZES", The Mercury (25 August 1877), 2

"REVIEW", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 September 1880), 7

[News], The Mercury (23 November 1880), 2


"Deaths", The Argus (21 May 1886), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1912), 18

"Death of Mrs. Emily S. Patton", South Bourke and Mornington Journal (29 February 1912), 2


Emily S. Patton, Harmony simplified for popular use, an original method of applying the first principles of harmony to the object of accompanying the voice on the pianoforte (London: Novello, Ewer; Melbourne: Allan & Co. (Wilkie's), 1880) 

The lily and the rose waltzes ("composed by Reginald Holroyd Patton (who is only 13 years of age) and dedicated to the wondrous children, Lily and Rose Dampier") (Melbourne: W. F. Dixon & Co., [1877]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Robin S. Stevens, "Nineteenth century Australia-Japan connection in music education: the work of Emily Patton in Yokohama", in Children and music: developmental perspectives (Launceston: Australian and New Zealand Association for Research in Music Education (ANZARME), 1999), 299-305 


Eora woman, ? Indigenous song reporter

Active Sydney, NSW, 1790-91, aged about 15



It was perhaps from Patyegerang, that William Dawes received, c.1790, the words of "A song of New South Wales"; see main entry: 

Bibliography and resources:



PAUL, John (senior)

PAUL, Tempest Margaret (Mrs. John PAUL senior)

PAUL, George

BIRD, Isabella (PAUL)

PAUL, John (junior)

See main page: 

PAWSEY, Samuel

Vocalist (St. James's Church, Sydney), tailor, convict

Born ? London, c.1812
Arrived Sydney, NSW, ? 26 July 1828 (convict per Bussorah Merchant (1), from London, 27 March)
Died ? Goulburn, NSW, 1855, aged 43


Old Bailey Proceedings, 11th May 1826; t18260511-170 

1069. JOHN SMITH and SAMUEL PAWSEY were indicted for stealing, on the 20th of April, 1 bag, value 1s.; 27 printed books, value 2l. 17s. 6d., and 12 pamphlets, value 3s., the goods of James Robins and Joseph Robins, the younger ... PAWSEY'S Defence. I do not know the other prisoner at all; when the gentleman came to me the lad had got his books on his shoulder, and was going home with them. SMITH - GUILTY . Aged 16. PAWSEY - GUILTY . Aged 14. Transported for Seven Years.

Colonial Secretary LC, Cash vouchers 1829, State Archives NSW, 4/296 (transcr. Rushworth 1988, 363)

[St. James's Church], Chaplain Hill, £250 [per annum]; Clerk, 20; Collector of Pew Rents, 5; Sexton, 20; Beadles (2), 15 each; Pew openers (2), 10 each; Teacher of the Choir and Organist, Mr. Pearson, £26; ditto, for tuning the organ, 8; Singers, Harriet Edmonds, 10; Ann Lancaster, 5; E. Hoare, J. Parton, G. Shepherd, Wm. Aldis, R. Cooper, S. Pawsey, 5 each; Organ blower, Geo. Mills, 4 6s 8d; Watchman, 13; Grave Digger, 13.

[Tickets of leave], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 October 1831), 4 

"CERTIFICATES OF FREEDOM", New South Wales Government Gazette (5 June 1833), 209 

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (2 June 1838), 1 

"Police Intelligence", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (11 May 1850), 4

"DISGUSTING CRIME", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (3 May 1851), 4 

[Letter] "To the Editor", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (13 January 1855), 2 

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, 363

"Pawsey, Samuel", Convict records 


Vocalist, Scottish balladist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, January 1854; toured until September 1854


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1854), 8

"SCOTTISH ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1854), 4

"SONGS OF SCOTLAND", Bell's Life in Sydney (28 January 1854), 2

A gentleman named Paxton, recently arrived from the "Auld Countree", has been lecturing with considerable success upon Scottish music, at the School of Arts. His oratory is decidedly inferior to his singing, which, despite the disadvantages of the theatre selected, was exceedingly sweet and effective. His songs, the "Kail brose o'auld Scotland", and "Wha wadna fecht for Charlie?" were given with forceful truth, as were also two Irish melodics "Norah, the Pride of Kildare", and "Widow Machree". In the latter, and "Caller Herrings", Mr. Paxton evinced great comic powers. Taken as a whole, the entertainment is entitled to public patronage. We would beg to remind Mr. Paxton, that he gives himself unnecessary trouble in explaining some Scottish words. There are few Southerns who do not know that a' means all, sma', small, and ha', hall.

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (28 January 1854), 3

[Advertisement], Empire (18 March 1854), 8

"SCOTTISH ENTERTAINMENTS OF MR. PAXTON", The Maitland Mercury (12 April 1854), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (30 August 1854), 8

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (16 September 1854), 3 

"SCOTTISH ENTERTAINMENT", Empire (14 December 1854), 4 

Mr. McFarlane gave the concluding concert of his weekly series last night, when a large audience assembled in the Theatre of the School of Arts. Scottish songs seem to find favour with the Sydney public, if we may judge from the success that has attended the efforts of Mr. McFarlane, and his predecessor, Mr. Paxton. Mr. Paxton excelled in the pathetic, as does the former in the comic ...

PEAKE, George

Singing master, organist, conductor

Born Exeter, England, July 1853
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, c. 1857/58 ("in his fifth year")
Died Sandringham, VIC, 13 April 1933, aged 79 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[News], The Argus (11 December 1872), 7

The annual examination of candidates for employment as singing masters in the common schools, and of employed singing masters desirous of becoming qualified for promotion, was held yesterday. Fourteen persons had given notice of their intention to attend, but only 12 attended. Mr. George Peake passed fully for the second division, and passed for the first division in all subjects except "art of teaching," in which he cannot be examined till he has been employed for 12 months, as he will have to produce a class taught by himself for that time which can pass a satisfactory examination. The board of examiners consisted of Mr. R. Hale Budd (inspector-general), who was chairman; and Messrs. Summers and Schott.

"MR. GEORGE PEAKE", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 June 1889), 11 

"OBITUARY. Mr. George Peake", The Argus (15 April 1933), 16 


Active Sydney, NSW, 1858


[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (13 April 1858), 621 

DESCRIPTION of Stragglers from H. M. S. "Iris": -

Richard Pearce, musician, age 29 years, native of Gillingham, Kent, 5 feet 8 inches, black hair, bazel eyes; a very good fidler, and sings comic songs well. Former ship, "Hannibal" . . .

James Dery, private R. M., age 22 years, native of London, 5 feet 7 inches, dark hair, grey eyes; very ugly, round shoulders, and sings comic songs well; has been on the stage.

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (17 September 1858), 1521 

DESCRIPTION of Stragglers from Her Majesty's Ship "Iris": -

Richard Pierce, musician, native of Chatham, 27 years of age, 5 feet 8 inches high, black hair, hazel eyes, former ship "Hannibal" . . .

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (7 December 1858), 2158 

[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (27 March 1860), 613 

PEARSON, James (1795-1841)

See mainpage: 


Musician, piccolo-player, bandmaster, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1860
Died Randwick, NSW, 9 March 1888


"THE VOLUNTEER BAND", Empire (28 December 1860), 5

[Advertisement], Empire (28 May 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1865), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 December 1866), 8

NOTICE - PEARSON'S celebrated Brass and String BAND is open for ENGAGEMENTS for Balls, Dinners, Picnics, etc. All applications to be made to Joseph Pearson, at Mr. Thomas Pearson's, No. 248 and 250, Pitt-street, N.B.- A liberal allowance made to schools.

"LETTER TO THE EDITOR", The Newcastle Chronicle (31 October 1868), 2

NAVAL BRIGADE BAND. To the Editor of the Newcastle Chronicle. SIR - I beg to state that it was neither the Tantum Ergo nor a Catholic hymn in any sense of the term that the band played at the funeral on Wednesday last, as stated in your issue of the 29th, but simply the dead march of the Naval Brigade, composed by Mr. Joseph Pearson, bandmaster, Naval Brigade, Sydney. By inserting this you will much oblige your humble servant, J. DICKSON.

"DEATHS", Evening News (8 March 1890), 4 

PEARSON. - In loving memory of my dear father, Joseph Pearson, musician, who died at his residence, Clara Cottage, Lion-street, Randwick, March 9, 1888. Inserted by his loving daughter, Clara Pearson.


Violinist, composer, teacher, conductor, choirmaster

Arrived Australia, c.1881 (with Austrian Strauss Band)
Died 1941 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PECHOTSCH, Mary Elizabeth (daughter of William DOLMAN, widow of Peter Campbell CURTIS)

Amateur vocalist

PECHOTSCH, Raimund (junior)




"Marriages", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1885), 1 

"THE BOY VIOLINIST", Freeman's Journal (14 August 1897), 16 


PECK, George Henry

PECK, Sophia Winifred (Mrs. George PECK)

PECK, Felix

Go to main page:

And see also Robyn Lake's article on George Peck's Theatre of the Arts: 

PECK, George Washington

American traveller, music critic (founder of Boston musical review, 1845), amateur violinist

Born Rehoboth, Massachusetts, USA, 1817
Visited Melbourne, VIC, May-July 1853
Died USA, 6 June 1859



George W. Peck, Melbourne, and the Chincha Islands: with sketches of Lima, and a voyage round the world (New York; Scribner, 1854), 120-23

... Melbourne boasts a Mechanics' Institute, which occupies a conspicuous building in an excellent situation at the upper end of Collins street ... I was almost a daily visiter here, and am indebted to Mr. Paterson, the Secretary, and to Mr. Millar, the Librarian, for more than merely official courtesy ...One end of the hall was a raised platform, used as an orchestra, or place for the lecturer's rostrum. Here stood a grand piano, and here on Saturday evenings, listen ye who think of Melbourne as a paradise of rogues, meets a little club of amateur musicians, who strive to drag the spirits of Hadyn and Mozart out of elysium. When I inform them that the performance is almost as painful as that of the Euterpians, or the Music Club of Boston, our dilettanti will understand to what an intolerable degree of civilization the other end of the world has arrived. The native corrobories, described and sketched in Wilkes, where the dancers are shewn imitating a dance of skeletons, was but a rude attempt at the refined horrors of amateur music clubs. I helped them do (for) a symphony of Mozart's, (the one in C, number four, with the beautiful andante and the bold and characteristic presto finale,) one evening, and am entitled to speak. I did not shine particularly on the occasion. The instrument was too weak. Give me a good new violin that never was touched, and a long strong bow, and I flatter myself I can hold my own with most amateurs in point of tone; though I am rather too conscientious about putting in all the notes, and there are those who excel me in time, coming out ahead in spite of all I can do. Perhaps I might not fail, however, with my coat off; or if I had had some previous training at wood sawing. Amateurs, be it understood, play for honor, and each one as the Gow Chrom fought, "for his own hand", the world over. There are some very good concerts in Melbourne. The advertisement of one in a paper before me, opens with the first movement of Beethoven's second symphony, followed by airs from Masaniello and Lucia, second part Zampa, Adelaide, ballads, and God save the Queen. There are not wanting good violinists, and the wind instruments from the band of the fortieth regiment, are as respectable as those in most of our orchestras. At the theatre was a German double bass player, whom I had known in Boston [Adam Plock]. Some time in June, a solo violinist arrived, whose name was like my own [George Henry Peck], and my few American friends began to fancy from his advertisement, that I was about to make my debut, a step higher in that branch of art, than I ever reached. I called on my namesake, found him to be from London, and about commencing business as a dealer in music, and instruments; he was amused at the coincidence of name, and what was most singular, had found near him still another namesake, a stranger to him also, as both were to me, so that there were almost a bushel of us. We called upon the third Richmond, and said "when shall we meet again!" My artists double furnished me with the arms of the family; according to the authorities, we go back to a knight who fought in the Holy Land, and the effigies of some of our ancestors may still be seen in churches in Derby and Lincolnshire ..." (120-23)

Bibliography and resources:

American national biography 17, 224

Frank Luther Mott, A history of American magazines: 1741-1850 (Harvard University Press, 1930), 435

Dave Hollett, More precious than gold: the story of the Peruvian guano trade (Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses, 2008), 125

PECK, Richard


Active Sydney, NSW, 1859


[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3

PEDLEY, Ethel Charlotte

Music teacher, choir director, composer, author

Born London, 19 June 1859
Arrived Sydney, NSW, July 1873
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 6 August 1898 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE public tag) (TROVE public tag)


"PASSENGERS FROM LONDON", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1873), 4

"RETURN OF MISS PEDLEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 May 1896), 7

"DEATH OF MISS PEDLEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1898), 3

Musical works:

The captive soul, cantata for soprano, mezzo-soprano, contralto and tenor soli and chorus of female voices, the words written by Ethel C. Pedley, the music composed by E. M. Woolley (London: Novello and Company, 1896) (FREE DOWNLOAD)

Bibliography and resources:

M. Norst, "Pedley, Ethel Charlotte (1859-1898)", Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

Obituaries Australia


Emmeline Woolley

PEEL, Francis Robert

Violinist, guitarist, conductor, teacher, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1884
Died Woolwich, NSW, 20 November 1918 (NLA persistent identifier)

PEEL, Frances M. (Miss)

Violinist, guitarist, teacher

Born NSW, 1886


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 October 1884), 2

"AMATUER BANJO AND GUITAR SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1893), 10

"MR. DRAKE'S VIEWS. KEEP THE RACE PURE", The Argus (10 December 1903), 5

"AMATEUR MANDOLIN SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1907), 12

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1918), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 February 1920), 3

Musical works:

PEERS, John Jones (John Jones PEERS; J. J. PEERS)

Musician, choir conductor, choral leader, builder

Born Liverpool, England, 28 March 1805
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 20 January 1833 (free per Guardian, from London, 4 September 1832, and Cape of Good Hope, 3 December)
Active Melbourne, Port Philip District, NSW (VIC), 1837 to 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 27 August 1850 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PEERS, Mrs. (? Mrs. J. J. PEERS; ? Mary Ann PEERS)

Teacher of Singing (pupil of Virgilini)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1861

? Died Brunswick, VIC, 28 October 1891, aged 88 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1833), 2 

"WESLEYAN SUNDAY SCHOOL", Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (31 March 1842), 2 

. . . During the services the children sung several chaunts and hymns appropriate to the occasion, in a delightful manner, under the conduct of Messrs. Clarke and Peers . . .

[Advertisement], Melbourne Times (24 December 1842), 3 

GRAND ORATORIO, UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF His Honor the Superintendent, C. J. La trobe, esquire, Who has signified his intention of being present with his family. A MISCELLANEOUS SELECTION, OF SACRED MUSIC, from the works of HANDEL, HAYDN, MOZART, And other eminent composers, WILL BE PERFORMED IN THE WESLEYAN CHAPEL, COLLINS-STREET, At the opening of the NEW ORGAN, ON MONDAY, THE 9th JANUARY, 1843. conductor MR. CLARKE, Who will preside at the Organ. Particulars of which will be given in a future advertisement. The following gentlemen have consented to act as Stewards on the occasion; - J. D. PINNOCK, A. McKENZIE, J. SIMPSON, J. ORB, JAS. CROKE, J. J. PEERS, A. THORPE, DR. THOMSON, CAPT. COLE. Tickets in sets of. three, 10s. 6d. each, and Single Tickets 12s. 6d. To be had at the Newspaper Offices; from Mr. Ker. Jun., Stationer; Mr. Cooper, Druggist; Mr. Wilson, Druggist; and Mr. Dredge, Collins-street; Mr. Harrington, Druggist, Elizabeth-street; Mr. Clarke, Professor of Music, Swanston-street; and at Geelong, from Mr. Harrison, Post Office.

"DIED", The Melbourne Daily News (30 August 1850), 2 

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (18 November 1852), 5 

. . . Song - Home of my Heart, Mrs. Peers . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 September 1853), 6 

MRS. PEERS begs to inform the Inhabitants of Melbourne and its suburbs that she is prepared to give instructions in Music and singing. Terms moderate, 191, Lonsdale-street, east.


. . . Final arrangements were made as to the concert to be given by Miss Catherine Hayes . . . It was notified that Mrs. Peers and Mrs. Burns had kindly volunteered their services at the concert . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 March 1857), 6 

MRS. PEERS continues to give private LESSONS in MUSIC and SINGING . . . her SCHOOL OPENS This Day, for the Instruction of Young Ladies . . . Elizabethan Cottage, Punt-road, opposite the Barracks.

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 January 1861), 8

MUSIC and SINGING. - Mrs. PEERS, pupil of Virgilini, gives INSTRUCTION in the above, Russell-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 March 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 September 1861), 8 

. . . 38, Russell-street.

"CATHEDRAL OF METHODISM. WESLEY CHURCH", The Herald (12 February 1912), 3 

. . . Mr. J. Peers was a musical enthusiast, and conducted the choir. By April, 1839, the church members had increascd to thirty, and Mr. Peers, who advanced the money, had boon repaid the greater part of his outlay in building the church . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Isaac Selby, The old pioneer's memorial history of Melbourne . . . (Melbourne: Old Pioneers' Memorial Fund, 1924), 

[On monument decorations in the Melbourne Cemetery] . . . John Jones Peers, one of Melbourne's earliest musicians, had David playing the harp on his stone . . .

J. J. Peers was the founder of the building trade in the sense that he took the first big contract. I find in the letters of Lonsdale a report of the completion of the contract to build the Custom House, and a statement to the Governor of New South Wales that he had paid Peers. He bought land at the first sale, 1st June, 1837, and he was a lay, if not the lay founder of the Victorian Wesleyan Church, for he built the first Wesleyan Church with his money and on his own land at the corner of Swanston Street and Flinders Lane; and later he was on the building committee of the Wesley Church, and was appointed one of its trustees. He was also a trustee of the Wesleyan Division of our Cemetery, and his grave was at the corner of that ground near the oval in the centre.

He was on the committee of the Melbourne Building Society, which was the forerunner of all our building societies, many in number, some with a precarious life, but all contributing to the development and beautifying of our cities.

J. J. Peers represents the enlightened mechanic. He associated himself with the first effort in the town for popular education, the Mechanics Institute. He was on its committee, and was also a promoter of the first auxiliary to the British and Foreign Bible Society in Victoria. He was the treasurer to the Harmonic Society, the first musical society in Melbourne, and when it was superseded by the Philharmonic Society he passed in to the more modern association. And they engraved on his tombstone the form of David playing his harp. Thus he was allied to nearly every association for the common good in early Melbourne.



Active Melbourne, VIC, 1852


[Advertisement], The Argus (27 August 1852), 3 

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (28 August 1852), 2 

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (6 October 1852), 5 

PELLETIER, Narcisse ("Anco") (1844-1894)

Go to main entry:

And see also: 


Town Crier, Cryer (Sydney), bell-man, convict

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 27 June 1790 (per Neptune)
Active Sydney, NSW< from 1813
Died Sydney, NSW, July 1835


"CIVIL DEPARTMENT", The Sydney Gazette (17 July 1813), 1

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 April 1824), 2: "... Old Pendy, the bellman"; [News], The Sydney Gazette (27 June 1827), 2

"PENSIONS PAID IN THE COLONY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 September 1829), 3

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (27 July 1835), 3

An old man named Pendray [sic], one of the "first-fleeters" [recte Second Fleet], and who followed the occupation of town-crier, some years ago, was found near the King's wharf, on Sunday last, quite dead. It was supposed he had died from the decay of nature, being upwards of 90 years of age.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 July 1836), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Michael Flynn, The second fleet: Britain's grim convict armada of 1790 (Library of Australian History, 1993), 121



Active Newcastle, NSW, 1871


"NEWCASTLE POLICE", The Newcastle Chronicle (5 October 1871), 2

Julia Hooper, in custody, pleaded not guilty to a charge of stealing about £6 from the dwelling-house of the Rev. James Coutts ... Richard Pendleberry, sworn; deposed: I am the organ-blower at St. John's Church; I know the prisoner, and have known her and her family for years; the prisoner was at St. John's Church last Sunday evening; she left the Church at rather better than half-past seven, it might have been forty minutes after seven; she was in the second seat in front of the choir; I did not see her come back that evening; I saw her leave the church; I saw her sister in the pew after she left; I was offered a pound to come here and swear that I saw her in church; the prisoner's mother offered it; this was since the prisoner was locked up. [Questioned] By Mr. Capper: Prisoner was sitting on the left hand side of the alley, the choir being on the right hand side; she was sitting about the second seat; the second seat projects further into the church than the organ; I was sitting at the corner, behind the organ; no one can come in or go out without my seeing them; the handle is on the left side of the organ; I think there were three in the pew when the prisoner was there; she went out before the first hymn was called, about midway of the service; I never saw her come back; she could not pass me without my seeing her; I did not see her return by the same door; I do not know who carried the plate round; I had nothing to put in the plate ...

PENDLETON, Mr. and Mrs.


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


[Advertisement], The Argus (3 November 1856), 8 

Messrs. OAK and BAPTISTE respectfully inform the public that their Splendid New Concert Hall will be Opened on Monday next, with the following Company:
Madame Naej, Mrs. Pendleton, and Mr. Pendleton.
Pianist and Conductor - Mr. W. Rolfe.


Lithographer and printer, music lithographer and printer (Penman and Galbraith)

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 5 December 1848 (emigrant per Hooghly)
Died Grange, Adelaide, SA, 11 October 1900 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Tenor vocalist, actor, dancer

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1830
Active Sydney, NSW, (as William Oxberry), from December 1834 until October 1835
Recommended committed to Liverpool Asylum, NSW, May 1838 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Tasmanian (27 August 1830), 6 

"VAN DIEMAN'S LAND NEWS. MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1830), 4

... This was followed by the introduction to the Tasmanian public, for the first time of a Mr. Penfrist, who sang the beautiful ballad "Draw the sword Scotland," in a manner which shewed him to possess extraordinary powers. His voice has all the neatness and fulness of Incledon, with that peculiar facility of ascent, by which the celebrated Veluti and others of that class are distinguished. We recommend Mr. Penfrist to lose no time in returning to England and articling himself to Dr. Crotch, (whom we do not hesitate to designate an one of the most accomplished of modern masters of music) or Mr. Welsh; either of whom would give him a liberal engagement, which would no doubt be mutually productive. Bishop's beautiful glee "The Foresters" was then sung most admirably by Messrs. Pemfriest, Bock, Marshall, and Lanford ... Mr. Penfriest then sung in a manner which surprised the whole assembly and called for an universal encore, the beautiful Scots' song "Hey the bonnie." We can only repeat, that Mr. P. possesses all the requisites for forming a most accomplished singer. He sings up to G in perfect tune, and his chromatic and shake are perfect and completely harmonious.

[News], Colonial Times (24 July 1832), 2

... Mr. Penfrith's song of "Time is ever changing," was loudly and deservedly applauded.

[News], Colonial Times (30 July 1833), 2-3

The "Death of Nelson," by an amateur (Mr. Penphrase), was excellent, and would have been encored (to the great satisfaction of ninety-nine out of a hundred who were present), but some few dissatisfied spirits must need commence hissing, and then a regular Tom and Jerry squabble took place - a regular shilling gallery affair. Mr. Penphrase came forward, but finding the company not likely to be of accord, he withdrew.

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (22 April 1834), 5

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (27 May 1834), 5

At the Theatre last evening, a misunderstanding occurred between some of the actors, which had the effect of most suddenly terminating the evening's amusement. The first act of "The Waterman" was scarcely over, when some low fellows in the gallery put the whole house in an uproar by calling upon Mr. Pemphrase for a hornpipe. We never before heard of so unreasonable a demand ever having been made by any audience; and Mr. Deane, after consulting behind the scenes, very properly went on with the musical performance, and the green curtain drew up for the second act - again did the two or three low fellows in the gallery, (whom we have reason to believe went to the Theatre for the express purpose of annoying the Public) recommence their cries for the hornpipe. Mr. Russell then spoke to the audience, and asked what they wished? Most persons cried "to order," when Mr. Mackay, seeing the strange inroad to disorder, by allowing the gods of the gallery, or any half-dozen noisy troublesome fellows, to call for just what kind of performance they pleased, jumped on the stage, and behind the scenes protested against the hornpipe ...

"THEATRICALS AT V. D. LAND", The Sydney Monitor (1 October 1834), 2

... The issue is, that Mr. and Mrs. Mackey and Mr. Penphrase have left Mr. Deane, and taken a room at the Calcutta Hotel, where they intend to perform. Mr. Deane is thus left with half a company ...

[News], Morning Star and Commercial Advertiser (2 December 1834), 2 

Mr. Levy has strangely mutilated Mr. Dean's Corps Dramatic. Messrs. Jacobs and Pemphrase, Mesdame Hodges, Mackay, Pemphrase, and divers other ladies of distinction, have cleared out in the Hind, under the above General's auspices for the Theatre Rayal Sydney. These departures with the company in the pass cart, that started a few days since for Launceston, have left Hobart Town totally destitute of this very peculiar and uninteresting sort of talent.

"THEATRICALS", Morning Star and Commercial Advertiser (5 December 1834), 4 

... We admire the drama in its purity; but it is our bounden duty, for the reasons we have before given, to suggest the propriety of employing proper, efficient, and reputable persons as performers. We are led to make these remarks, from the circumstance of having seen, the other night, a man called Penphrase, who was recently dragged from starvation, from a wood heap in the bush, and afterwards nurtured by the public; and for such kindness he appeared in the gallery, on the night in question, with the lowest characters, hissing his brother performers and insulting the audience (his benefactors), with the most vile and profligate language ...

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 December 1834), 2 

ARRIVING From Calcutta and Hobart Town, on Thursday, having sailed from ... the latter the 1st instant, the brig Hind ... Steerage - Mr. William Oxberry, Mrs. Jane Oxberry and 2 children ...

"Dometic Intelligence", The Australian (26 December 1834), 2 

The theatrical campaign opens this evening ... On the whole, we are inclined to think, that Messrs. Levey and Simmons have materially strengthened their corps dramatique ... The following performers are engaged: - Mr. and Mrs. Oxberry, Mrs. Gibbons, Mrs. Mackay, Miss Douglas, Miss Winslanley, Mr. Winters.

[News], The Australian (25 May 1838), 2 

William Pemphrnse, who, under the name of Oxberry, was attached to Mrs Levy's dramatic company for some time, was brought before the Bench on Tuesday last, on a charge of disorderly conduct. The man appeared at the bar without shirt, and it was evident that he was labouring under insanity. He stated that he was going to emigrate to a newly colonized part of the territory, about 4000 miles from Sydney, and that he was then making preparations for his journey. His wife, with tour children, from the ages of nine months to seven years, appeared, and stated to the Bench, that the prisoner had been out of his mind for several weeks, threatening to kill her and the children; the poor woman cried bitterly whilst giving her evidence, and appeared to be labouring under heavy bodily as well as mental suffering. The Bench bound the prisoner over to the peace (as a matter of form) and desired that a communication should be forwarded to His Excellency the Governor, recommending his removal to the mad-house at Liverpool.

"SYDNEY", The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (19 June 1838), 6 

Most of the Theatre goers recollect Pemphrase, one of the most pleasing singers we ever heard here. Poor fellow, he seems to have fallen into the usual fortune of the profession. How many such have ended their mirthful, yet occasionally suffering career, in a similar, manner. We copy the following from the Herald [sic] ... [as above]


On the owner of his borrowed alias, see "William Henry Oxberry"

"Lives of the Actors", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 December 1838), 4 

PÉRON, François

? Indigenous culture and music recorder
Born Cérilly, Allier, France, 22 August 1775
Active Australia, 1801-03
Died Cérilly, 14 December 1810 (NLA persistent identifier)

PERRY, Joseph

Overseer of bell-ringers, convict

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1803/3 (per Grafton)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1810-11


1810 Oct 13; 1811 Jan 19 Overseer of bell ringers. Salary paid from the Police Fund; also appears as Parry (Reel 6038; SZ758 pp.108, 165)

Bibliography and resources:

PERYMAN, Caroline Agnes (Miss TOZER; Mrs. Frederick PERYMAN; usu. Mrs. PERRYMAN)

Contalto (mezzo soprano) vocalist

Born England, c.1837/8 (daughter of John and Ann TOZER)
Married Frederick George Byron PERYMAN [sic], SA, 22 May 1859
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1859; Melbourne, VIC, from August 1863; Adelaide, SA, by 1871
Died Rockdale, NSW, 16 February 1903, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mrs. Perryman, "a young lady (a pupil of Mr. [J. W.] Daniel)", sang at the quarterly soiree of the South Australian Institute in September 1859, and again at Cesare Cutolo's Adelaide farewell in December. Having arrived from Adelaide in August 1863, she appeared as a soloist for the Melbourne Philharmonic, along with Octavia Hamilton, in October.


"MARRIED", South Australian Register (3 June 1859), 2 

On the 22nd May, by special licence, at the residence of Mr. S. Adams, Rundle-street, by the Rev. T. Lloyd, F. G. B. Peryman, to Caroline Agnes, fifth daughter of Mr. J. H. Tozer, Torquay, Devonshire, England.

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (7 September 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (1 December 1859), 1

"ADELAIDE YOUNG MEN'S PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (8 January 1862), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (1 July 1862), 1

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (17 August 1863), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 October 1863), 8

[News], The Argus (6 October 1863), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 October 1865), 8

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (28 February 1903), 6 

PERYMAN.- On the 16th February, at Doll's Point, Sandringham, N.S.W., Caroline Agnes, relict of the late F. G. B. Peryman, aged 64 years.


Choral conductor (Geelong Choral Society, Geelong Sacred Harmonic Society)

Active Geelong, VIC, 1856


"THE GEELONG SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser (27 February 1856), 2

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (7 March 1856), 3

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (28 March 1856), 3

"CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser (25 July 1856), 2

[News], The Argus (15 January 1870), 5

The music class, so long conducted by Mr. Person, had ceased to exist, owing to that gentleman's removal from Geelong.


[Performance wordbook] Handel's Oratorio, The Messiah: Tuesday evening, Feb. 19, 1856, in the McKillop Street Chapel, in aid of the funds of the Mechanics' Institution (Geelong: The Geelong Harmonic Society, 1856)



Active Castlemaine, VIC, 1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PETERS, William

Professor of music

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1865


"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (31 March 1865), 5

William Peters, of Eureka, Ballarat East, professor of music. Causes of insolvency Pressure of creditors, losses sustained on a professional tour, and want of engagements. Liabilities, £37.2s,.8d.; assets, £9; deficiency, £28.2s.8d.

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 28, 183



Active ? Melbourne (? Bendigo), VIC, 1864


Petrick composed The lyre-bird schottische, published in The Illustrated Melbourne Post on 24 September 1864.


PETRIE, Tom (Thomas)

Indigenous language, culture, and music reporter

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 31 January 1831
Arrived Australia, October 1831
Died Pine Creek, QLD, 26 August 1910 (NLA persistent identifier)'s+Reminiscences (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Petrie arrived at Moreton Bay with his parents in 1837, aged 6, and over the next ten years grew up in close contact with local Indigenous bands. Petrie's memoirs, as serialised by his daughter Constance in The Queenslander (1902-03) and published complete in 1904 memoir, include many valuable detailed accounts of the ceremonies, songs and dances of the Brisbane region, including at least one song of which he himself was the subject. The 1904 memoir also gives words and music for two indigenous songs, along with commentary, Song (Jabalkan wadli) ("One of the songs my father can sing was composed by a man at the Pine, and was based upon an incident which really happened. Father heard of the happening at the time, and afterwards learnt the corrobboree. Here is the whole story ... ") and Song (Mina loranda) ("A Manila man (who afterwards died at Miora, Dunwich, and whose daughter lives there now) once taught a song he knew to the Turrbal blacks. They did not understand its meaning in the least, but learnt the words and the tune, and it became a great favourite with all. My father also picked it up when a boy, and it has since soothed to sleep in turn all his children and two grandchildren. Indeed Baby Annour (the youngest of the tribe) at one time refused to hear anything else when his mother sang to him. 'Sing Mi-na' (Mee-na), he would say, if she dared try to vary the monotony. Here is the song ...").


"TOM PETRIE'S REMINISCENCES", [serialised in] The Queenslander ((26 April 1902 - 7 November 1903)'s+Reminiscences&sortby=dateAsc

"DEATH OF MR. TOM PETRIE", The Queenslander (3 September 1910), 39 

Bibliography and resources:

Petrie 1904 

Noeline V. Hall, "Petrie, Thomas (1831-1910)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974) 


= Marianne ADCOCK (Mrs. St. John ADCOCK)

PETTINGELL, Frederica Sebright (Miss F. PETTINGELL; after the marriage of her sister, on 19 May 1842, Miss PETTINGELL)

Teacher of music and dancing, soprano vocalist, choral singer

Born London, England, 7 September 1826
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 4 September 1834 (passenger by Thomas Laurie, from London, 17 March)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1841-42


A younger daughter of Joseph Pettingell ("late of Mount Street, Grosvenor Square, London", "late Tailor to their Majesties, the Royal Horse Guards, the Dukes Wellington, Gordon, Newcastle, the Russian and French Ambassadors ... maker to the Berkeley, Andover, and Heaton Park Clubs") and his wife Marianne Linden (1799/1800-1890), Frederica arrived in Hobart as a child in 1834 with her parents and five siblings (the family travelled under the wife's maiden name of Linden).


Diary of Joseph Pettingell (1799-1859), NLA, MS 9399

"Ship News", Trumpeter General (9 September 1834), 3

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (27 January 1838), 15 

PRIVATE TUITION. THE MISSES PETTINGELL beg respectfully to inform the Ladies of Launceston, that they would be happy to give Lessons in Music, Drawing, Oriental Painting, and Dancing, either at their residence, or those of their Pupils. For Terms, enquire at 2, Cameron's Buildings, St. John-street, Launceston.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (20 October 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

"MUSIC", The Australian (2 June 1842), 3

We cannot content ourselves with taking no further notice of Mr Nathan's Concert, than the publication of our correspondent's letter, and our supplementary remarks there on. The success which attended that attempt to give music its proper position in our society, is an event which we consider, of very considerable importance, and pregnant with many advantages to the present and future generations of the colonists. It is easy to conceive of the painful emotions and gloomy forebodings of a stranger whom circumstances had induced to settle in this colony, who had been accustomed to all the enjoyments of elegant society in England; of passionate attachment to the rich pleasures which the highest order of musical performance can impart; and of cultivated judgment and taste to discern their excellence. What a relief must such an one have found if present at Mr Nathan's Concert ... With none of the performers could he feel disposed to be dissatisfied, and which most to applaud he would find it difficult to decide. Monsieur Gautrot as a violinist, Mr Marsh as a harpist, and Mr Nathan, as a pianist, would revive with pleasure his recollections of the great performers he has listened to with so much delight in European lands. Madame Gautrot, the Misses Nathans and Pettingell, would make him again sensible of the exquisite pleasure, which, flows from as Shakspeare calls it, the "soft, sweet voice of woman." The choral music, and, to repeat it, the entire, evening's entertainment, would leave him little to desire more from such sources of enjoyment ...

PETTMAN, Mary Ann (Miss PETMAN; Mrs. William SMART)

Soprano vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1852
Died Albany, WA, 3 April 1909 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 December 1852), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 October 1853), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (2 April 1854), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 July 1854), 1

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (23 December 1854), 3

Miss Petman sang Nelson's "Forest Queen" in the first part, and we think was never heard to greater advantage.

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (9 May 1857), 2

"MRS. PAINE'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (19 February 1858), 3

"MISS PETTMAN'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (21 September 1858), 3

"SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", South Australian Advertiser (31 December 1858), 2

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (18 June 1859), 2

"NORWOOD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", South Australian Register (22 July 1861), 3

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (19 November 1861), 1

CONCERT", South Australian Register (30 November 1861), 2

A concert was given at the Town Hall, Norwood, on Tuesday evening, November 25, by Mrs. Smart, late Miss Petman, at which she was assisted by the Philharmonic Society and the principal vocal and instrumental talent of Adelaide. The concert, which was very successful, consisted of instrumental music, with songs and choruses, which were all riven with eclat. "Kathleen Mavoumeen", by Mrs. Smart, in the first part, was an especial favourite.

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (1 May 1909), 8

"DEATHS", Western Mail (8 May 1909), 31

"OBITUARY", Chronicle (8 May 1909), 44

Mrs. William Smart, nee Pittman [sic], who was well known in South Australia as a musician and singer, died recently in Western Australia. Early in the fifties Mrs. Smart and her sister (afterwards Mrs. J. N. Perry) were members of the choir of the Pirie-street Methodist Church. A sacred concert took place in the church, the purpose being to raise further funds to assist in paying off the debt due on the organ. Mrs. Smart sang "My Saviour I am thine". Herr Carl Linger composed the song and dedicated it to Mrs. Smart, who sang it for the first time at the concert. A purse of sovereigns subscribed for by the committee was subsequently given her. She was one of the founders of the Choral Society and the Philharmonic Society.

This is incorrect; My saviour I am thine was by J. A. P. Schulz (1747-1800), as was correctly billed at the time.


Bandsman (band of the 40th Regiment)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1857

See also Band of the 40th Regiment (second tour)


"SNAKES", The Argus (20 November 1857), 4 

SNAKES.- Mr. J. Phair, of the band of H. M. 40th regiment, while walking on Tuesday last in the reserve between the Barracks and the Botanical Gardens, came upon two young black snakes, one eighteen and the other fifteen inches long. They were lying at the root of a tree. He destroyed both reptiles. A considerable number of children are in the habit of playing near this spot, and it is to be feared that some accident may occur from these reptiles ...

"PHAX" (? alias of Edward Thornton GILBERT)

Poet, versifier, songwriter

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1847-49 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


For just two years in the late 1840s, the alias "PHAX" was attached to several published examples of "original poetry" and versified "advertorials" for the Hobart firm of Edward Thornton Gilbert (c.1815-1888), pardoned convict and tea merchant. Gilbert left the colony in 1850, to pursue his career as a merchant importer first in California, and later in Melbourne, and after his departure "PHAX" also disappears from record. Whether "PHAX" was Gilbert himself, or an associate, remains unclear, but of interest here are the words of several songs, including one set to the tune Legacy and another to The king of the cannibal islands.

Gilbert, aged 27, was convicted of forgery at the Lancashire Assizes on 25 March 1841, and sentenced to ten years. After being detained on the hulk Justicia, he was transported on the Lord Goderich, departing 26 June, and arriving in VDL on 18 November 1841. Conditionally pardoned in January 1845, by mid 1846 he had established himself a tea merchant at his Liverpool Tea Warehouse, trading on "his experience in the London and Liverpool Markets (having been employed as a Broker in the selection of Teas from the East India Company's Warehouse)". Early in 1849 he purchased a ship, the Martha and Elizabeth, and first sent it to China, and later sailed it to California.

Documentation ("Phax" songs only):

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (12 May 1848), 2 

"ORIGINAL POETRY", The Courier (16 August 1848), 3 

"A NEW SONG", Colonial Times (27 April 1849), 4

Documentation (Gilbert):

Convict record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1395057; CON33/1/14,199,61,F,60 

"HOBART TOWN GAZETTE", The Courier (9 January 1845), 4 

"THE TEA TRADE", The Courier (13 April 1850), 2 


First governor of NSW, commodore of the First Fleet

Born London, England, 11 October 1838
Arrived Botany Bay, NSW, 18 January 1788
Departed Sydney, NSW, 11 December 1792 (per Atlantic) (NLA persistent identifier)


Phillip personally is not usually considered to be a musical figure. However, among his general administrative and military duties, he had overall management of a "band of music", which he duly deployed in the interests of government and diplomacy. Several instances are documented, of which two examples here. On the voyage out, at the Cape colony on 11 November 1787, the surgeon-general and diarist John White recorded (99):

Previous to the commodore's embarkation he gave a public dinner to some of the gentlemen of the town and the officers of his fleet. The Dutch governor was to have been of the party but by some unforeseen event was detained in the country, where he had been for some days before. Commodore Phillip had his band of music on shore upon the occasion, and the day was spent with great cheerfulness and conviviality.

Again, at Sydney, on 4 June 1788:

This being the anniversary of his Majesty's birth-day, and the first celebration of it in New South Wales, his excellency ordered the Sirius and Supply to fire twenty-one guns at sun-rise, at one o'clock, and at sunset ... After this ceremony had taken place, the lieutenant-governor, with all the officers of the settlement, civil and military, paid their respects to his excellency at his house. At two o'clock they all met there again to dinner, during which the band of musick played "God save the King" and several excellent marches.


White's journal of a voyage to New South Wales (facsimile edn.), 99


John White, Journal of a voyage to New South Wales (London: J. Debrett, 1790)

Bibliography and resources:

B. H. Fletcher, "Phillip, Arthur (1738-1814)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)


Flute player

Active Adelaide, SA, 1854


Pianist, composer

Active Adelaide, SA, 1858 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 April 1858), 1

"EAST TORRENS INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (26 April 1858), 3

. . . the proceedings commenced with a fantasia on the pianoforte, which was brilliantly executed by Mr. Phillips, in acknowledgment of a subsequent encore this gentleman played a lively and spirited polka, which was understood to be his own composition. Several songs, duets, and glees followed, in which Mrs. Derrington and Messrs. Derrington, Sanderson, and others took part, Mr. Greenwood presiding at the pianoforte . . .

"ANNIVERSARY OF THE GAWLER INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (18 October 1858), 3

The concert in connection with the celebration of the above event was held on Friday evening in a large unoccupied store belonging to Mr. Martin, conveniently situated in the centre of the town, the building being fitted up for the decision in a very tasteful and commodious manner. The audience, which numbered upwards of 400, assembled at half-past 7, and the performance commenced at 8 o'clock with an overture upon the piano by Mr. Phillips, of Adelaide . . .

PHILLIPS, Alfred (Frederick Alfred PHILLIPS)

Comedian, Irish delineator, vocalist, actor

Born England, c.1818
Active Melbourne, VIC, by June 1854
Died VIC, 1880 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PHILLIPS, Elizabeth (Elizabeth ELSBEE; Mrs. Alfred PHILLIPS)

Actor, vocalist

Born London, England, 1822
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, c. 1854/55
Died Carlton, VIC, 12 August 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MUSICAL", Colonial Times (14 April 1853), 3 

Among the probable departures for Australia, a late letter from London mentions the name of Mr. Henry Phillips, the vocalist.

Was this perhaps a mis-identification, correctly Alfred Phillips?

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 June 1854), 5 

Amusements. PROTESTANT HALL. Monday, June 13th. MR. ALFRED PHILLIPS will have the honor of presenting, for the first time, to the inhabitants of Melbourne, his highly popular LITERARY, VOCAL, AND PICTORIAL DRAWING ROOM ENTERTAINMENT, AS produced by him in London, with distinguished success on 279 successive occasions, to audiences numbering in the aggregate 200,000 persons ... In the course of the Entertainment, Mr. Phillips will sing the following Irish songs: - Sweet Isle of the West, The Harp that Once thro' Tara's Halls, The Minstrel Boy, Rich and Rare, The Boys of Kilkenny, Katty Avourneen, Boys of Tipperary, Foul Leaved Shamrock, Rory O'More, And Widow Machree ...

[Advertisements], The Argus (5 August 1853), 3 

[5 advertisements], The Argus (8 August 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. - Tonight, Monday, August 8. - Alfred Phillips' Entertainment, entitled "Our Native Land." New songs, new vocalist, and splendid diorama.

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. - Tonight, Monday, August 8. - First appearance of Mrs. Loder, who will sing, in the course of Alfred Phillips' Enterainment, popular Irish and Scottish Melodies.

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. - Tonight, Monday, August 8. - first appearance since his return to Melbourne, of the eminent Pianiste, Mr. Salamons.

... Tickets for Alfred Phillips' Entertainment may be had of Mr. Jacobs, Victoria-Bazaar, Collins-street, and of Mr. Peck, Music Warehouse, Swanston-street.

See Charlotte Loder; see Edward Salaman

"SANDRIDGE", The Banner (26 August 1853), 7 

The inhabitants of this rapidly improving port were again, on Wednesday, favoured by a visit of the admired delineator of Irish character, Mr. Phillips, accompanted by Mrs. Loder. Both were received with loud applause, and encored in many of the well-selected songs which accompanied each description. Mrs. Loder's benefit took place last night, and, although we were unable to attend we trust that the audience was more numerous than on the last occasion, and we also trust that a good company awaits Mr. Phillips' benefit, which he has announced for this evening.

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", The Banner (30 September 1853), 7 

A Musical Entertainment, entitled "Erin go Bragh," was given on Tuesday evening, at the splendid building which Mr. McLelland has erected in Prahran as an hotel, by Mr. Alfred Philips, assisted by the charming vocalist, Mrs. Loder. The music was well selected, and very much applauded, Mr. Philip's Irish anecdotes, and excellent brogue, kept the audience in continued laughter. The pianoforte accompaniments by Mrs. Loder, were very well executed; and altogether the entertainment gave general satisfaction . . .

"SUDDEN DEATHS", Weekly Times (30 July 1870), 10 

One of the pioneers of the stage in this colony passed away very suddenly on Saturday evening. Mr. William Gardner was one of the earliest actors who came to the colony, and in olden, times he was a general favourite. He was the father also of Mrs. Alfred Phillips, the popular actress. Being advanced in years, he has not appeared for a length of time on the stage, but acted in the light capacity of check-taker at the Princess Theatre . . .

"THE LATE MRS. ALFRED PHILLIPS", The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (2 September 1876), 90 

Mrs. Alfred Phillips, who for so many, years has been well and favourably known, to the Australian public as an actress of the fine old comedy school now passing away, died on Saturday, August 12, at Carlton. Mrs. Phillips was born in London in 1822, her father being a Mr. Elsbee, who was in business there. Mrs. Phillips's grandfather had been one of the sheriffs of the City of London. On the death of her father, her mother, married a Mr. Gardiner, who was then well known on the Irish stage. It is probable that it was from her stepfather - her father having died when she was very young that Miss Elsbee first imbibed her love for the drama. She was, of course, frequently present at the performances in which her stepfather took part, and before the age of 18, having shown an aptitude for dramatic impersonation, she determined on embracing the profession of an actress. She had received a good education, and her acquaintance with the mechanism of stage pieces, together, of course, with her own bent in that direction, induced her to write several short comedies, farces, &c. Her first appearance on the stage, was in Bangor, North Wales, in a subordinate part; and shortly afterwards she played in Edinburgh, and then in Ireland, with gradually increasing success. It was while playing at the Dover Theatre, in 1858 [sic, ? recte 1848], that Miss Elsbee first met Mr. Alfred Phillips, who was then the low comedian of the company, and a short acquaintance resulted in marriage. It may be mentioned as of interest that the stage manager and principal actor of this company was the celebrated Mr. William Copeland, the whole company being under the management of a lady who named herself Grace Darling, and pretended - we are told - to be the heroine of the Forfarshire wreck. Mrs. Phillips's role at this time was broad comedy, and her success in this line was very considerable. Shortly afterwards Mr. and Mrs. Phillips, while at Devonport, determined on retiring from the stage, and the former opened a school, the latter becoming connected with one of the local newspapers. After a retirement of five years, during which Mrs. Phillips devoted considerable attention to the composition of lectures, the pair went to London, where Mrs. Phillips gave the first entertainments ever given singly by a woman in the great city. The entertainment was partly musical and partly dramatic. The accompanyist on the occasion, it may be interesting to note, was Mr. F. A. Crouch, the composer of the music of "Kathleen Mavourneen," as well as several other Irish melodies. Mrs. Phillips then gave several "lecture entertainments" in London and the provinces, but they were not pecuniarily successful. The lectures were her own composition, the principal subjects being delineations of English, Irish, and Scotch character. After this she returned to the stage, taking an engagement at Newcastle, and appearing in light comedy characters. It was here she had her first introduction to the celebrated Mr. W. Farren, one of the best Sir Peter Teazles of his day. Mr. Farren was much struck with the ability displayed by Mrs. Phillips, and on further acquaintance she showed him one of her own productions, "The Bachelor's Vow," with which he was highly delighted, and in which be afterwards appeared himself with great success. On Mr. Farren taking the Strand Theatre, in London, he engaged Mrs. Phillips with Mrs. Glover and an excellent company. Mrs. Phillips still continued to play broad comedy - such characters, for instance, as Charlotte, in Colly Cibber's "Hypocrite;" and at the same theatre she appeared as the heroine in her own piece, "The Bachelor's Vow," with great success. On the retirement of Mrs. Glover, Mrs. Phillips succeeded her in her line of business, and it was then that she first undertook and appeared in the characters which she afterwards, in Australia, made her own - such as Mrs. Malaprop, the Widow Green, Mrs. Heidelberg (in the "Clandestine Marriage"), &c., and she became the recognised 'old woman' of the Melbourne stage.

It is impossible within the limits of this notice to record the details of the remaining engagements of Mrs. Phillips until her departure from England for Australia in 1854, but we are informed that wherever she went she made herself a great favourite with the public, a statement which can readily be credited. Towards the latter portion of her stay in England she devoted great attention to dramatic composition (principally of light pieces), and the following amongst others of her writing were produced: - "Caught in His Own Trap," "An Organic Affection;" "Uncle Crotchet;" "Life in Australia," by Our Own Correspondent (in the two former Farren appeared, and in the latter, Robson and Hoskins); "Katty, from Connaught;" and "The Master Passion," a comedy in two acts, which achieved a great success for the time. After the production of the last mentioned piece in 1853, Mr. Phillips - attracted, like others, by the glowing reports received from Victoria - left England and arrived in this colony, leaving Mrs. Phillips to follow him should the reality equal the expectations he had formed as to an opening for dramatic talent in Victoria. He was so encouraged by what he saw that he erected a theatre with a hotel at Sandridge, and wrote home for Mrs. Phillips to join him. On her arrival, however, in 1854, a very unfortunate state of affairs met her. Her husband's, theatre and hotel had been burnt to the ground, and he was left penniless. Mrs. Phillips, however, was not long in using her talents to some purpose, for soon after her arrival she obtained a lucrative engagement as comedy actress, Mr. Phillips being also engaged as low comedian. They appeared on the opening of the old Theatre Royal, and Mrs. Phillips's Widow Green at once created a favourable impression. After completing her engagement there Mrs. Phillips joined Mr. Coppin's company at the Olympic (or "Old Iron Pot," as it was colloqually described, in those days), and at this theatre she played some of her most successful characters, in connexion with G. V: Brooke, Robert and Mrs. Heir, the Youngs, Miss Julia Matthews (who was then playing only child's parts); and others, whose names are as household words on the Australian stage. After the Theatre Royal passed from Mr. Coppin's hands, and Mr. Ambrose Kyte became its proprietor, with Barry Sullivan as manager, Mrs. Phillips received an engagement for three years. During this engagement, more perhaps than previously, she made herself a thorough favourite with Melbourne playgoers. When Barry Sullivan retired from the theatre he surrendered the management to Mr. Hoskins, who got into difficulties. Mrs. Phillips about this time wrote "The Mariner's Compass; or Duty," which was produced with some success. Mr. Hoskins afterwards took the Haymarket Theatre, where he was joined on the co-operative principle by Mr. and Mrs. Phillips, Mr. and Mrs. Heir, Mr. Appleton, and others; but tbe adventure proved unsuccessful - resulting, in fact, in disaster to all parties concerned. Mr. and Mrs. Phillips next tried "the country," going through the colony with their own entertainments, in the performance of which they were assisted by their son, Hans Phillips. They went overland twice to Sydney, and it was on their second visit to that city that they were engaged by Mr. R. S. Smythe, an agent for Mr. Hoyt, the then proprietor of the Prince of Wales Theatre, Melbourne. Mrs. Phillips in this house played a six months' engagement with considerable success, appearing in most of her favourite pieces. Although her powers were somewhat: on the wane, she was recognised as an exponent of legitimate comedy, and her acting in the "Irish Heiress" particularly, was warmly praised by the press. This was Mrs. Phillips's last fixed engagement, although during the last three years she has appeared several times, and received two benefits, in the first of which she appeared as Mrs. Malaprop, with Mr. Coppin as Bob Acres. "Money" was played, for her second benefit, and in this she played Lady Franklyn with some remains of the old charm which had captivated Melbourne playgoers for so many years. Mrs. Phillips went to Tasmania with Miss Juno's company about two years ago, and while in Hobart Town she met with a serious accident by falling down stairs. She thoroughly recovered from this, however, and we are informed that it had nothing to do with her death. Her last appearance was in "Fanchon" at the Opera-house a few weeks ago.

"EARLY MELBOURNE (BY OLD CHUM) NO. 110", Truth (21 October 1911), 11 

PHILLIPS, Benjamin Jowett

Church organist

Arrived Australia, 1879
Died Pambula, NSW, 1912

PHILLIPS, Richard Edward

Church organist, choirmaster (St. Stephen's Macquarie Street, 1880-1883)

Born Liverpool, England, 1842
Arrived Australia, 1879
Died Sydney, NSW, 1897


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1879), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 February 1884), 3

"LOCAL AND GENERAL", The Bega Budget (6 November 1909), 2

"A Mourning Widower", The Roanoke Times (13 September 1893), 2

Bibliography and resources:


Conductor, composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, April 1892 (per Ophir, from England)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 10 March 1894 (per Ophir, for England) (NLA persistent identifier)


? related to / ? son of Bristol-born London cellist and composer William Lovell Phillips (1816-1860)

The London Gaiety Burlesque Company, with its musical director Lovell Phillips was brought out to Melbourne by George Musgrove in April 1862. Phillips collaborated on several shows with Bert Royle. Regarding the 1893 dance work Turquoisette; or, A study in blue (Grand Ballet Divertissement in one act), several later sources claim that Leon Caron arranged and partly composed the music of the ballet (and that he conducted the opera on the same program, I Pagliacci); however contemporary sources make it clear that, in Melbourne, Adelaide, and Sydney, Phillips was music director of the ballet, and Nicolo Guerrera of the opera.


"THEATRES AND ENTERTAINMENTS", The Argus (23 April 1892), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 September 1893), 8

[Advertisement], The Advertiser (14 October 1893), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 November 1893), 2

"THE LONDON GAIETY COMPANY", Evening Post (24 April 1893), 4

"THE LORGNETTE", Observer (10 March 1894), 10

Musical works:

Turquoisette mazurka (composed by Lovell Phillips) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [189-?] 

I've chucked up my push for the donah (Australian Larrikin song) (Sydney & Melbourne versions complete; written by Bert Royle; music by Lovell Phillips (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [189- ]) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Turquoisette; or, A study in blue (1893 - )", TROVE user list

PHILLIPS, Morrice (Maurice; ? Morris)

Dancer, ballet master, professor of dancing, actor, playwright

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 July 1838 (per City of London, from Gravesend, 23rd March)
Active Sydney, NSW, until October 1839
? Died Glebe, NSW, 1 September 1896 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (WorldCat identities)


"THE GARRICK", The observer [London] (26 March 1837), 2

Messrs. Gomersal, Freer, & Conquest are the attractions at this theatre. A new Easter piece, entitled the Eli Ben Erza [recte Eli Ben Ezrah], by a Mr. Morrice Phillips, a down-easter, who has some popularity in the locality as a melo-dramatist. Freer plays the hero, a masquerading gentleman, who assumes six different characters. The piece is founded on a tale of the first crusade of Richard Coeur de Lion, at the period of a severe enactment prohibiting Jews from passing the walls of Whitechapel.

"SHIP NEWS. ARRIVALS", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (14 July 1838), 2 

From London on Thursday, having sailed from Gravesend the 23d March, the ship City of London; Reynolds master. Lading, merchandise. Passengers, Mr. Robert Dickson, surveyor, Mr. Archibald Macintyre, Mr. Alfred Saunders, Mr. James Evans, Mr. Jacob Foster, Mr. Thos. Russell, Walter Harris, Luke Moore, Morrice Phillips and Thomas Hope. Surgeon, Mr. Neil Campbell.

[News], The Australian (24 July 1838), 2 

We understand that Mr. Phillips, who arrived the other day in this colony from England, has been connected to a great extent with the theatres in London, in the capacities of an author, ballet director, actor, &c; and no doubt should he take to theatricals in this colony, he will prove a valuable acquisition. We learn by a gentleman who knew Mr. P. in England, that he is well acquainted with stage management, and as a manager, who is not ambitious of acting, is much required in this colony, we think that an excellent opportunity now offers itself to Mr. Wyatt, to engage that necessary appendage to his establishment.

"THEATRE", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (19 September 1839), 4

. . . The great attraction of the week, however, was a new Historical Drama, and the first appearance of its talented author. Of the plot itself our limits will not now allow us to enter fully into detail. But we beg to refer our readers to the times of the Siege of Jerusalem by Antiochus, and of the heroism of Mattathias, the high priest of the Jews, and his son Judas Maccabeus. The dialogue is chaste, classical, and poetical, and gives a high estimate of the talents of the author. Had this piece been properly got up, with appropriate scenery and machinery, and performed as it ought to have been, we should have declared it the most splendid and grand production we ever witnessed in this Colony. As it was, we consider the performers, one and all, did their best to damn it. Of the acting of Mr. Phillips we shall say but little, considering the circumstance of his anxiety in getting up the drama. But his dance of Catchoka, between the acts, was highly graceful and amusing, as a burlesque on a celebrated Opera dancer. It was deservedly applauded and encored . . .

"Dancing", The Australian (1 October 1839), 2 

Mr. Morrice Phillips, who for many years taught dancing in London, is about following the same profession in this colony; his dancing at the Royal Victoria, during tbe last season, was much admired. We have no doubt he will meet with encouragement.

[Advertisement], The Australian (1 October 1839), 1 

MR. M. PHILLIPS, Professor and Teacher of Dancing, 21, CASTLEREAGH-STREET (North). THE LADIES and GENTLEMEN of Sydney, &c. are respectfully apprised that the above Artist will undertake to accomplish a select number of pupils. The system of instruction in that polite art will be entirely upon an improved principle to that usually adhered to by others in the same profession. Any Lady or Gentleman may be instructed in SIX LESSONS! Mr. P. will undertake to complete them, assuring them that their ease and elegance of style will render their entre into ball room or private circle unabashed and free from that tremor which usually attends those unacquainted in that most pleasing pursuit. Terms may be known upon application.

? [Advertisement], South Australian Register (25 February 1850), 2 

Bibliography and resources:

John S. Levi, These Are the Names: Jewish Lives in Australia, 1788-1850, second edition (Melbourne: Miegunyah Press, 2013) (PREVIEW)


Vocalist, evangelical hymn writer and composer, church musician ("The singing pilgrim")

Born Chautauqua County, New York, USA, 13 August 1834
Arrived Sydney, NSW, March 1875 (from San Francisco)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, October 1875
Died Delaware, Ohio, USA, 25 June 1895 (NLA persistent identifier)


"LATE EPITOME OF NEWS", The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (19 March 1875), 5 

From Sydney telegram in Wednesday's "Newcastle Pilot": ... Mr. Philip Phillips, the "Singing Pilgrim," arrived yesterday from San Francisco. He has been engaged by the Wesleyan Church Committee of Victoria to give one hundred nights of sacred songs ...

Australian publications:

What are you going to do, brother? (Phillip Phillips [sic]) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1869]) 

Self-deceived; or, Six degrees of intemperance (composed & sung by Philip Phillips) (Melbourne: P. E. Reynolds, [1875]) 

Colonial singer by Philip Phillips ... designed for prayer and revival meetings, young men's Christian associations, Sunday schools, religious meetings, family worship, praise meetings, &c. (Melbourne: Book Depot, [1875]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Around the world with Philip Phillips, "the singing pilgrim": a pictorial tour of the globe illustrated by pen and pencil ... (New York: The Phillips Publishing Co., 1887) 


Vocalist, comedian, delineator

Active Sydney, NSW, January-April 1842; ? January to March, 1844


"THEATRICALS", Sydney Free Press (25 January 1842), 2 

. . . The Entertainments last night, were for the benefit of Dyball and Fitzgerald. The house was crowded to excess, and Phillips the Comic Singer from London, was a great attraction. He sung a couple of Nigger Songs and was rapturously encored . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (1 March 1842), 3 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . Re-appearance of MR. S. PHILLIPS, THE COMIC SINGER. THIS EVENING . . . At the conclusion of the first Piece, Mr. PHILLIPS will sing the celebrated and popular Negro Song . . .

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Australian (3 March 1842), 2 

. . . Phillips, the comic singer, re-appeared on Tuesday evening, and sang a Negro song in capital style. His voice and action is good, and by his excellent singing he will, ere long, become a favourite with the audience. The Manager will find him a safe card, and will draw well . . .

[Advertisement], Sydney Free Press (9 April 1842), 3 

. . . After which, the celebrated Comic Negro Song called, "De Sly Racoon, sitting on a Rail," BY MR. PHILLIPS . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (22 February 1844), 4 

CLOWN HOTEL, PITT-STREET. MR. COPPIN'S LARGE SALOON is open every Monday, Thursday, and Saturday Evenings. Conductor . . . Mr. S. PHILLIPS, Pianist . . . . . . Mr. PHILLIMORE. Singing to commence at 8 o'clock and conclude at 11.

[Advertisement], The Guardian (16 March 1844), 5 


Jewish community leader, rabbi, synagogue singer, musician

Born London, England, 1810
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1833 (free per Enchantress)
Died Carlton, VIC, 23 February 1877 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"CONSECRATION OF THE NEW JEWISH SYNAGOGUE", The Colonial Observer (4 April 1844), 4 

... The singing of Mr. Anderson was much admired, as was that of Mr. Phillips, of Parramatta, in an anthem, composed by Mr. Leo ...

"DEATHS", The Argus (24 February 1877), 1 

Bibliography and resources:

Levi 2013, These are the names, 693-94


Vocalist, organist, choral singer and conductor

Born c.1825/6
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1848
Died Ashfield, NSW, 1 February 1901, aged 75 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1854), 1 

"PASSING EVENTS", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (21 April 1877), 491 

Mr. James Phypers was presented with a handsome testimonial in recognition of his services for the last thirty years in connection with the choirs of the various Episcopalian churches in the city.

THE LATE MR. JAMES PHYPERS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1901), 5 

There died at his residence, Myrtle Villa, Ormond-street, Ashfield, on Friday last, one of the oldest and most valued employees of Messrs. Tooth and Co. (Kent Brewery), in the person of Mr. James Phypers. The deceased gentleman entered the firm's employ in 1848 in the capacity of cashier, and he held the position for 43 years till 1891, when he retired from active business. He was at that time the recipient of an illuminated address and an album containing the photograph of every member of the staff at the Kent Brewery. The deceased was one who had endeared himself to his fellow employees, and he bore the reputation of being a loyal worker and straightforward man of business. He was a musician of much taste, a capable executant on the organ, and was at one time choirmaster at St. Andrew's Cathedral. The funeral on Saturday at Enfield was attended by Messrs. A. Tooth, L. Thompson (secretary, Tooth and Co., Limited), J. Talbot, W. Jamieson, J. McQuillan, and all the deceased's old comrades in the brewery, besides relatives and other friends.

"PICCO" (pen-name)

Musical and dramatic columnist

Active Mount Gambier, SA, 1884


"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC GOSSIP. BY PICCO", Border Watch (15 March to 24 September 1884) 


Violinist ("The Australian Paganini"; "The Great American Picco")

Active Melbourne, VIC, by November 1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Reports of the London debut season of a new prodigy, Picco, "The Blind Sardinian Minstrel", a virtuoso on the shepherd's pipe, were circulated in the Australian press in June and July 1856. The first appearances of "the great American Picco", a violinist, followed in Melbourne in November 1856


"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (25 November 1856), 4

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 March 1857), 3

"ABBOTT'S LYCEUM", Bendigo Advertiser (27 September 1858), 3

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (19 April 1859), 2

"THE MASONIC BALL. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (25 June 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 July 1859), 1 

AMERICAN PICCO, Ethiopian Delineator, Soloist on Violin, Banjo, Musical Gridiron, Common Whistle, &c, open to ENGAGEMENT, town or country. Address London Tavern, Elizabeth-street.

"THE THEATRES. PRINCESS'S", The Argus (2 August 1859), 5 

... A gentleman described as the " American Picco" has also been engaged. He performs with remarkable skill upon the common tin whistle, out of which he extracts music which, if not "eloquent," is at least very clever. His feats upon the violin, however, have been made familiar long ago by Mr. Barlow, of "Blue-tailed Fly" celebrity ...

"STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (7 November 1859), 2 

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (16 July 1860), 1 

PICILOMO, Josephine (? pseud.)

Vocalist, pianist

Active Sydney, NSW, March 1858 (associate of the Buckingham Family)

PICILOMO (Monsieur) (? pseud.)

Basso vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, March 1858 (associate of the Buckingham Family)


[Advertisement], Empire (13 March 1858), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1858), 1 

MONDAY NEXT. TOOGOOD'S SALOON will be opened under different management, and as pulling will not be resorted to it will be merely necessary to mention the following names as a proof of the proprietor's sincerity to make his place the greatest attraction in the city. Behold ! all this talent at TOOGOOD'S SALOON, EVERY NIGHT, for One Week, with other artistes. The Buckingham Family and troupe. Largest operatic company out of England. Having at great expense engaged the following artistes: Madame Josephine Picilomo, the eminent pianist and cantatrice; Monsieur Picilomo, the talented basso; Madame A. J. Glogoski, the charming ballad singer; Signor Glogoski, the Prussian violinist; Miss Buckingham, the talented singer; Mr. G. H. Buckingham, the buffo singer; Master G. K. Buckingham, the flute player; Master W. Buckingham, the tenor singer, called the old musketeer; Master C. Buckingham, Irish singer, Paddy Malone; Master H. Buckingham, the nautical singer, Red, White and Blue, &c. . . .

PICKERING, George Ferrers (Mr. G. F. PICKERING)

Journalist, editor (Bell's Life in Sydney), poet, songwriter

Active Parramatta, NSW, by 1844
Died Levuka, Fiji, 14 July 1876 (TROVE tagged) (NLA persistent identifier)


"THEATRICALS. PRINCE OF WALES", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (13 August 1859), 3 

... Last night the house presented a brilliant array of fashion, the performances being in aid of the Lavenu Benefit Fund. The opera of Il Trovatore was the piece selected, between the 4th and 5th Acts of which, Mr. Burford delivered the following Address of Acknowledgment, written for the occasion by Mr. G. F. Pickering:-

A parting word, ere yet the curtain falls.
To you, kind patrons of fair Thespis' halls,
Who lend your sympathising presence here
To stay the Widow's and the Orphan's tear.
He whom ye mourn - the Minstrel called away
To join the choirs of Eternal Day -
Sleeps in a stranger's grave, by Friendship's hand
Consigned to dust, far from his native land.
For him is o'er life's brief and fitful dream;
His harp, late strung to Earth's imperfect theme,
Now, tuned by hand celestial, wakes its chords
To strains immortal, and to holier words.
Where Bochsa's broken lyre - meet emblem - shows
The spot where Genius found its last repose,
Plant we a willow that shall weeping wave
O'er Music's Sons - companions in the grave.
Peace to his ashes! Yet the while we mourn
That dust must to its kindred dust return,
Turn we our gaze upon the loved ones left -
The Widow of her gifted spouse bereft,
The Orphans clinging to that mother's knee,
Unconscious of her speechless agony.
When the sad tidings shall to her be borne
That tells of father from his offspring torn,
Still in Affliction's cup infused the tear
Of Sympathy, so freely rendered here,
Will yield a balm to heal the bleeding smart
And soothe the anguish of the widowed heart.
For her, for them kind friends, we thank you all
Nobly responding to sweet Pity's call,
As ye have done so be it done to you
When to Life's fleeting stage ye bid adieu! ...

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1876), 1 

"Rowland Ferrers Pickering", Truth (7 September 1913), 7 

Songs, lyrics etc.:

"The Song of the Gold!", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (17 February 1849), 2 

[The following lines, suggested by HOOD'S celebrated "Song of The Shirt" ...]

"THE SONG OF THE PEN!", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (3 March 1849), 3 

"SONG OF THE LASH", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (15 May 1869), 4 

... (Suggested by Russell's celebrated Song of "the Life Boat") ...


Teacher of Practice and Theory of Music, pupil of Kalkbrenner and Logier

Married Christ Church, Sydney, NSW, 28 October 1846
Died Wellington, NZ, 21 May 1871, aged 68


Wife of the pardoned convict and insolvent William Phelps Pickering (1815-NZ 1877; per Portenia), she advertised in Sydney in January 1848 as "formerly pupil of Kalkbrenner, and J. B. Logier" offering "class instruction in Practice and Theory of Music".


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (5 February 1838), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (15 March 1839), 3

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (15 February 1845), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1848), 1s

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 November 1848), 3

"DIED", Wellington Independent (22 May 1871), 2 



Active Hobart, TAS, 1850


"AN ETHIOPIAN", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (9 November 1850), 3 

John Picket of Ethiopian dye, was charged by constable Greengrass with being "toxicated" on Monday evening last, and with having, when in that state, indulged in unlawfully serenading in the public streets, thereby causing what the constable termed, a disturbance of the peace. Master Picket seemed quite indignant at his melodious accents being misrepresented to the bench, and he would have willingly indulged in an exhibition of his musical powers before the bench, had not the Police Magistrate felt satisfied on that point, and imposed a fine of 5 shillings for each offence. Poor Picket appeared much crest-fallen at the decision of his worship.

PIERCE, John Ottis (John Ottis PIERCE; ? Otis; Mr. J. O. PIERCE)

Musical director (New York Serenaders, Rainer's Serenaders, Totten's Harmoneons), minstrel performer, multi-instrumentalist, concertina and flutina player

Arrived(1) George Town, near Launceston, TAS, 26 February 1851 (per Spartan, from California, via Tahiti)
Departed (1) Fremantle, WA, 10 December (per Royal Saxon, for Calcutta)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 16 May 1853 (per Mary and Ellen, from California, via Melbourne)
Departed (2) August 1861 (for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1851), 133

"NEW YORK SERENADERS", The Courier (22 March 1851), 2

"THE SERENADERS", Colonial Times (1 April 1851), 2

... On this occasion the selection from the overture of "La Figlia" and "The Bohemian Girl", afforded the leading instrumentalists, Messrs. White and Pierce, an opportunity for displaying their talents. Mr. White's execution on the violin was faultless; his part was played with infinite skill, taste, and feeling; whilst the tone and fingering on the flute in the selection from the "Bohemian Girl", which was deservedly applauded, and drew down a rapturous encore, were so soft and remarkable for precision, as to convince the most sceptical that Mr. Pierce is a master of his instrument.

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (5 July 1851), 3

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1851), 2

"THE NEW YORK SERENADERS", The Courier (15 November 1851), 3

... Mr. Pierce, the musical "Nigger of all, work," plays the German Flute, the French Accordion, add the Turkish Tambourine.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1853), 3

"NEW YORK SERENADERS", Illustrated Sydney News (29 October 1853), 6

? [Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (11 March 1854), 6

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 September 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 February 1855), 8

"LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS", South Australian Register (30 November 1855), 3

Elbert Totten, Harriet Totten, Townsend Duryea, Elizabeth Mary Duryea, and John Ottis Pierce were charged with conspiracy, and pleaded not guilty. John Ottis Pierce was absent, and therefore his plea was not recorded, although evidence respecting him as principal was allowed to be given ...

The case was opened by the reading of the several counts charging the defendants above-named with a conspiracy to inveigle and take away Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon, an infant under age, and unmarried, from her father's (Emanuel Solomon's) care, and against his will and consent, for the purpose of marrying the said Elizabeth Dorsetta Solomon to John Ottis Pierce, one of the defendants, for motives of lucre and gain ...

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (10 December 1859), 5

"AUSTRALIAN THEATRICALS", The Era [London] (18 November 1860), 13

(FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.P) MELBOURNE, SEPTEMBER 25 ... THE PRINCE OF WALES'S ... Mr. Colville, of the Sydney Theatre, is now the lessee of this house, and opened with a troop of Nigger melodists calling themselves the Californian Minstrels. There are nine of them; those worthy of notice, if any, are Walsh, a baritone; O. Burbank, dancer and burlesque actor; D. Carson, low comedian; Demerest, mock danseuse; and J. O. Pierce, a very fair instrumentalist.

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 June 1861), 8

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Homeward Mail from India, China and the East (26 February 1863), 8

PASSENGERS DEPARTED FROM CALCUTTA. Per Nubia - For Madras - Capt. Manderson, Mr. J. O. Pierce, Mr. T. P. Brower, Mr. D. Carson, Mr. Palin, and Mr. Campbell ...

[News], The McIvor Times and Rodney Advertiser (23 August 1867), 3

[News], The Age (19 August 1867), 5 

WHAT old colonist is there who does not remember jovial Dave Carson? The N. Y. Clipper has some interesting facts relating to him and others once well known in Australia. It appears that Burbank (the best negro minstrel this colony has ever seen) is not dead. It will be remembered that Carson, Brower, and J. O. Pierce organised a company for India, which left Australia in August, '61. They arrived in due time at Calcutta, where they astonished the Hindoos and Mohammedans not a little with their representations of the sports and pastimes of the Ethiopian race in the United States of America. After performing a season at Calcutta, with satisfaction to themselves and the public, they left the "City of Palaces" for a tour through Hindostan. The company remained in India over five years, all the time as the "San Francisco Minstrels," and there is not the slightest doubt that, owing to the facility with which Carson attained Hindostanee, the language of the country, and the manner in which he mimicked and caricatured a certain class of the native people, the great success with which the company met with was obtained. In May, 1866, the boys dissolved partnership, owing to the desire to see their native land once more. Brower died on the 15th of March, eight months after arriving home. Carson attended to him up to the last, and was one of the chief mourners at the funeral; Brower having been away sixteen years, Pierce about seventeen, and Carson nearly fourteen. Mr. Carson proposes leaving New York for Europe early in June, to organise another entertainment for India, in which country he is known as a favourite and established caterer for public amusements. Mr. Carson wears some magnificent diamonds, presented to him by Mr. Cowasjee Manockjee Limjee, a wealthy merchant of Bombay.

Bibliography and resources:

Wittman, Empire of culture, 2010, 51-53 (DIGITISED)


Professor of the Harp, Pianoforte, and Guitar

Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, ? by March 1834
(2) Sydney, NSW, 23 January 1838 (per Marquis of Hastings, from London and Cowes, 20 September 1837)
Died Sydney, NSW, [? 5] August 1849, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 March 1834), 1 

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 February 1835), 3 

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (25 January 1838), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (15 February 1838), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (20 July 1838), 1

[Advertisement], The Colonist (29 December 1838), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (1 July 1839), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (28 October 1839), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (2 February 1841), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1847), 1

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1849), 3


Leader of a juvenile temperance band

Active Adelaide, SA, 1856


"THE TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT", South Australian Register (4 November 1856), 2

A number of juvenile musicians, who have been for some months past under training by their superintendent, Mr. Piesing, of Tynte-street, North Adelaide, occupied a prominent position on the orchestral platform, and with their "merry, merry fifes and drums", made the spacious hall reverberate with dulcet harmony.

"TEMPERANCE MEETINGS", South Australian Register (4 November 1857), 3

PIETERSZOON, Cornelis ("den dicke trompetter" [Cornelis the fat trumpeter])

Under-trumpeter (Batavia)

Active WA, 1629
Died ? 1629

Bibliography and resources:

Csilla E. Ariese, Databases of the people aboard the VOC ships Batavia (1629) and Zeewijk (1727) - An analysis of the potential for finding the Dutch castaways' human remains in Australia (Fremantle: Australian National Centre of Excellence for Maritime Archaeology, 2012)

Ralph J. G. Henssen, Trompetters en tamboers in de Zeeuwse zeevaart ten tijde van de Republiek: plichten en Praktijken (thesis, Utrecht University, 2011)


Professor of Music, Pianoforte, Violin, Accordion, Singing

Born ?, c.1820
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by June 1849 (from Berlin)
Died Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW, 3 February 1898, aged 78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PIETZKER, Florence Maud (Mrs. Edward John Fitzgerald MARTIN)

Pianist, vocalist

Born Fiji, c.1860


A "Professor of Music from Berlin" and a "pupil of Mendelssohn", Pietzker first appeared in a Melbourne concert in June 1849 as a pianist playing Beethoven, and in December playing second violin in Haydn's Emperor Quartet under Joseph Megson. He is last billed in Melbourne among the violins in the Philharmonic Band in December 1854. By 1859, he was in Fiji, and by 1863 in Brisbane. He was teaching in Sydney by 1871 and as late as 1886. In 1880, under her maiden name, his daughter Florence (Mrs. MARTIN) launched her career a pianist and teacher in Tasmania.


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 June 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 July 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 September 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 December 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Courier (5 October 1863), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1871), 1

"AN EXTRAORDINARY DIVORCE SUIT", Kerang Times and Swan Hill Gazette (4 April 1879), 4 

... The respondent, his wife, Florence Maud Martin, formerly Florence Maud Pietzker, is a very prepossessing young lady of only nineteen years, and a native of Fiji, in the South Sea Islands. She is highly accomplished, being a perfect artist on the pianoforte, sings exquisitely, and is a fluent speaker of two or three foreign languages. Her father is a scholar and a music teacher of some note, and is now a resident in Sydney ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1880), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (17 January 1880), 3

"MUSICAL", Launceston Examiner (20 February 1880), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 February 1898), 1


Teacher of music, school teacher

Born Dover, England, 1808
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), December 1832
Died Hunter's Hill, Sydney, NSW, 25 June 1892, aged 84 years


Mary Ann Igglesden came to Tasmania in 1832 to join her future husband, a transported convict Frederick Le Geyt Piguenit (d.1886). They married on 18 February 1833; the painter William Charles Piguenit (1836-1914) was their son. She ran a school for young ladies teaching French, music, and drawing.


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 June 1836), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1892), 1

Bibliography and resources:

"Mary Ann Piguenit", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

"Piguenit, William Charles (1836-1914)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

"William Piguenit", Wikipedia

PILGRIM, Ebenezer Pearson

Amateur vocalist, organist, choir-master

Born Hitcham, Suffolk, 7 December 1837 (son of John PILGRIM and Susanna PEARSON)
Arrived Adelaide, SA, January 1850 (per Bolivar)
Died Hyde Park, SA, 22 February 1916 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PILGRIM, Frederick

Amateur vocalist, organist, choir-master (son of the above)


"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (23 February 1916), 6 

The death occurred on Tuesday evening at his residence, Westall-street, Hyde Park, of Mr. Ebenezer Pearson Pilgrim, who was a grand-nephew of Captain Matthew Flinders, the discoverer of South Australia. Mr. Pilgrim was born on December 7, 1837, at Chapel Farm, Hitcham, Suffolk, and was educated at the Newmarket Academy, Ipswich. He came to Australia with his parents in the ship "Bolivar" in January, 1850, and was first employed in the "Times" newspaper office, and later was associated with Messrs. Green & Co., land agents, and with Messrs. Parr & Luxmoore, who took over the business. He entered the Government service in the early seventies, and was connected with the accounts branch of the General Post-Office till 1904. Mr. Pilgrim, who was of a genial disposition, and was well liked, resided in North Adelaide for over 60 years, and he took a great interest in religious work in that part of the city. He was connected with the North Adelaide Congregational Church from its inception over 56 years ago, and he was organist at the church for two years, a deacon for 22 years, secretary for eight years, and treasurer for 11 years. He was an ardent worker in connection with the Sunday-school. The Philharmonic Society claimed him as a member for many years, and he was also associated with the Musical union. He left a widow, three sons (Messrs. E. P. Pilgrim, jun., of the Union Bank, Melbourne; J. F. Pilgrim, of the American Trading Company, Perth; and F. S. Pilgrim, of the Union Bank, Adelaide), and one daugnter (Miss F. K. Pilgrim, of Hyde Park).

"CARL LINGER MEMORIAL", The Advertiser (20 February 1936), 20 

. . . An interesting certificate has been brought to light by Mr. Fred Pilgrim, whose father took part in the first performance of Handel's "Messiah" conducted by Carl Linger in 1859. The certificate is signed by the chairman of the Handel festival committee (E. B. H. Granfield), the conductor (Carl Linger), choral master (J. W. Daniel), and the leader of the orchestra William Chapman). The certificate states that performances were given on April 13, 14, and 21 of the "Messiah" and "Alexander's Feast" in White's Rooms (where the Majestic Theatre now stands) . . .


Professor of Music, Cosmopolygraphicon pianist

Active Melbourne and Ballarat, VIC, 1855-71


Professor of Music

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Died Ballarat, VIC, 19 March 1872


There were possibly two different mother and daughter pairs that I have so far been unable to separate. If Henrietta Pilkington was the young lady pianist appearing at the Victorian Society of Fine Arts in 1856 she would have been very young indeed, though she may well not have been musical at all. It is also possible, indeed perhaps more likely from the references collected, that there were two daughters of one Mrs. Pilkington.


? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (21 June 1854), 1s

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 July 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 February 1856), 6

"VICTORIAN SOCIETY OF FINE ARTS", The Argus (16 December 1856), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1857), 8

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The Argus (1 July 1858), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 December 1858), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1859) 7

"SOCIAL", The Star (24 August 1863), 1s

"ST. GEORGE'S HALL", The Argus (3 December 1866), 5

[News], The Argus (26 August 1869), 4

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (14 June 1871), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 September 1871), 8

"DEATHS", The Argus (22 March 1872), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 March 1872), 3

Bibliography and resources:

"Henrietta M. Pilkington", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Marjorie J. Tipping, "Thomas, Margaret (1843-1929)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)



Active Melbourne, VIC, August 1858 (but compare also below)


[Advertisement], The Argus (2 August 1858), 8

PIPER, Charlotte Jane ( Mrs. Thomas ROWE)

Keyboard player

Born ? c.1839/40
Active Sydney, NSW, 1856
Married Thomas ROWE, Centenary Chapel, York Street, Sydney, 21 May 1857
Died Manly, NSW, 19 March 1877, aged 38 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"WESLEYAN NEW SUNDAY SCHOOL, SUSSEX STREET", The Australian Band of Hope Review, and Children's Friend (2 August 1856), 247-48 

. . . The children who had been selected for this purpose, sang the anthem, "The Promised Land," Miss Charlotte Piper presiding at the serapliine, whose excellent performance on that instrument contributed, in no small degree, to the pleasures of the evening - though in one of the pieces the singers were at too great a distance from the instrument to do either themselves or the player justice.

"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 May 1857), 1 

"DOWLING-STREET WESLEYAN CHURCH", Empire (3 October 1868), 5 

. . . Several anthems and other select pieces were performed by the choir - Mrs. Rowe presiding at the harmonium . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1877), 1 

PIPER, Edward John

"Conductor", pianist, vocalist, bandleader (The European Band)

Active Melbourne, by 1856; Ballarat, from May 1858
Died Ballarat, VIC, January 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PIPER, Edward John Clement

Musician, violinist

Born Ballarat, VIC, 1859
Died Ballarat, VIC, 7 March 1889, aged 29 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (1 January 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 March 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 March 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Star (22 May 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (8 September 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (25 November 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (19 March 1859), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (8 July 1861), 2

"THE SHORT HOURS SOIREE", The Star (21 November 1862), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (12 December 1864), 3

"PIANOS AND PIANISTS", The Ballarat Star (26 June 1888), 4 

. . . Mr. E. J. Piper, who died quite recently, and whose sons are still resident here, was in the early days the only pianist of any repute. A quiet, gentle, unassuming man, he was publicly known as a thoroughly capable performer. Having, however, devoted himself to orchestral playing, he never developed into a pianist of note . . .

"COUNTRY NEWS. BALLARAT, THURSDAY", The Age (8 March 1889), 6 

Mr. E. J. C. Piper, musician, of Ballarat, died to-day from disease of the brain. Deceased, who was brother of the well known architect, was ill only for a few days, and the news of his death has caused great surprise in the district.

PIPER, John (Captain PIPER)

PIPER, Mary Ann (Mrs. John PIPER)

PIPER, Ann Christiana Frances


See main page "Piper family and Captain Piper's Band" 

PITMAN, George Joseph

Lecturer on music, amateur vocalist, barrister, solicitor

Born c. 1804
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1850
Died Hawthorn, VIC, 1896, aged 92 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"CONVERSAZIONE", Adelaide Times (24 May 1851), 5 

The Quarterly Conversazione of the Mechanics' Institute took place on Tuesday evening at the Exchange. The room was crowded to excess, and the company were respectable and orderly. Mr Pitman, of the S.A. Bar, delivered a lecture upon Music, which very happily illustrated the subject, although the lecturer had to talk against time, the limits for the delivery of the lecture being fixed, we believe, to one hour. He commenced with disclaiming any intention of descanting upon the theory of the art, and proceeded in a fluent and easy manner to touch upon its history. The lecture was necessarily a mere outline from the reason we have given. Some poetical quotations were introduced in good taste, and the lecturer sang several pieces of music illustrating various styles of composition, among which we singled out a ballad of Horseley's as being in particular beautifully rendered. Mrs. Murray was the accompanyist, and did the lecturer full justice . . .

"MORAL EFFECTS OF MUSIC", South Australian Register (22 May 1851), 3 

There is scarcely a village in our mother country which has not its band of rustic musicians who are induced to abandon the alehouse parlour and its demoralizing gratifications for the culture and practice of this delightihl art, thereby becoming sober, industrious, and respected members of society. Then again look at the beneficial effects it has produced in Germany. Since music has been taught scientifically in their schools, the Germans have become remarkable for their sobriety. There is now scarcely a member of that nation who cannot take a part in vocal harmony (as is sufficiently shown by our German fellow-colonists). Meetings for vocal harmony are matters of every-day occurrence in Germany, and are never abused in any respect; and so thoroughly have the temperate habits of the Germans been ascertained, that, in the large sugar-houses in England, where the least proneness to drinking is attended with great danger to life and property, German workmen are invariably employed in preference to Englishmen. - Pitman's Lecture on Music.

PLAISTED, Philip Charles (P. C. PLAISTED; Philip PLAISTED)

Chorister, organist, composer

Born Dulwich, Surrey, England, 1 October 1844, son of John PLAISTED (1800-1858) and Ann GREEN (1801-1882)
Arrived (1) Adelaid, SA, 12 April 1850 (per Rajah, from London, 27 November 1849)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 4 April 1864 (per Pride of the ocean, for London)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, 29 July 1865 (per Kent, from Plymouth, England)
Married Alice Catherine WALKER (1846-1889), Melbourne, VIC, 17 January 1867
Died Mont Park Mental Hospital, VIC, 23 August 1920 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Plaisted's father, John, was a wine and spirits merchant, and he had first arrived in South Australia with his family in 1850. They had settled in Melbourne by early 1852, where Philip received his early musical training as a boy chorister at St. Peter's church, Eastern Hill. He was a pupil of George Pringle, and later received mentorship from Charles Edward Horsley. After a year spent back in England, studying with George Cooper, he returned to Melbourne in July 1865, and by November 1855 had been appointed organist of St. Stephen's Church, Richmond.

In 1869, George Nichols published his The canticles and hymns of the church, arranged for chanting.

Early in 1873 W. H. Williams engraved and printed his Jerusalem the golden ("The favourite hymn sung at the Intercolonial Musical Festival held at the Town Hall, Melbourne, 1872, the music composed by P. C. Plaisted".

His New tunes to favorite hymns was published by W. H. Glen in January 1878.

He continued his public career as church and concert musician into the mid 1880s, despite suffering increasing mental health problems.

Having been an inmate at asylums several times in the previous year, on 9 May 1889 he murdered his wife at Box Hill. He was returned to Kew Asylum the following day. Having pleaded guilty, he was admitted permanently to care on 25 June. At the time, the Argus printed a summary of his career, that would, in the event, have to serve as his own, albeit very premature, public obituary.

On 19 July 1889 he was transferred to Ararat Asylum for the Criminally Insane and spent the next 30 years as an inmate there. Finally sent back to Melbourne, on 13 April 1920 he was admitted to the Mont Park Mental Hospital. There, according to the inquest (2 September) into his death, he took ill in June and died on 23 August at 10.25 p.m. in the presence of an attendant. He had self-inflicted wounds on his hand and left hip.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian (16 April 1850), 2 

April 12. - The barque Rajah, 352 tons, Ferguson, from London, 27th November, and Plymouth 2nd December. Touched at Trieste d'Cuno, 2nd February. Passengers - . . . Mr. and Mrs. Plaisted, Miss Plaisted, John Plaisted jun., Thomas Plaisted, Arthur Plaisted, Walter Plaisted, Philip Plaisted . . . and 98 in the steerage. No deaths.

"SHIPPING . . . CLEARED OUT", Leader (9 April 1864), 14 

April 4 . . . Pride of the Ocean, ship, 1169 tons, John Kyle, for London. Passengers - saloon . . . Mr. and Mrs. John Plaisted [jun.] and two children . . . Mr. P. C. Plaisted . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Bendigo Advertiser (31 July 1865), 2 

[News], The Argus (16 November 1865), 4

The members of St. Stephen's Church, Richmond, brought their fourteenth anniversary to a close by a tea-party on Tuesday evening. After tea, a nice selection of music was got through, under the able conductor Mr. P. C. Plaisted, organist of the church . . .

[News], The Argus (2 April 1869) 5 

Some few days since we mentioned the purchase of an organ, described as the largest and finest in the colony, from Mr. Philpott, of Toorak, for the purpose of re-erecting it at St. Stephen's Church, Richmond. We may now add that this splendid instrument was built by Mr. Walker, of Tottenham Court road, expressly to the order of Mr. Philpott, from designs furnished by Mr. Coward, organist to the Crystal Palace Company. The services of Mr. P. C. Plaisted, pupil of Mr. George Cooper, organist to her Majesty, have been secured as organist to St. Stephen's.

[News], The Argus (29 April 1869), 5

... Mr. P. C. Plaisted, originally a pupil of Mr. Pringle, of this city, and subsequently of Mr. George Cooper, and Mr. Hopkins, of London, presided, as the newly-appointed organist of the church, and we must say that we never before heard in this part of the world a more legitimate style of organ-playing. Mr. Plaisted not only manifests sound judgment in his "combinations," but he displays a power and a smoothness of manipulation, together with a facile use of the pedals, which certainly entitle him to be placed in the foremost rank of executants on the instrument which he has chosen for the exercise of his musical talents. Whether in the matter of ordinary, voluntary, fugue, or accompaniment, he can scarcely be too highly praised for his abilities ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1878), 8

14 April 1884, Yarra Bend Asylum Case Books of Male Patients, 1872-1912, vol. 6; Public Record Office Victoria 

7 March 1888, and 4 November 1888, Yarra Bend Asylum Case Books of Male Patients, 1872-1912, vol. 7, and vol. 6;Public Record Office Victoria 


. . . Mr. Plaisted is the son of an old colonist, and when he first came to the colony he was only eight years old. From his childhood he showed passionate love for music, and as a boy sang as one of the principal choristers in St Peter's Church, Eastern Hill . . . The organ was the instrument he loved. Its rich full tones seemed to soothe and comfort his excitable nature, but organs were scarce in those days, and stories, full of pity now, are told by those who knew him then, of the eager, passionate way in which he pleaded to be allowed to practise on the organ in St. Peter's Church, where he had so long sung as a choir boy. The permission was granted him, and he advanced so rapidly in his studies that he was permitted to preside at the organ during one of the services. From that time he became a slave to music. He developed a deeply religious trait in his character, which only found expression when he was playing church music on his favourite instrument . . . he went to Messrs. James Henty and Co.'s employ as bookkeeper, and it was while here that his playing attracted the attention of Mr. Charles Horsley, a well known London organist, who was then on a visit to the colonies. He advised him strongly to go home and devote himself to the study of the organ, prophesying for him a brilliant future. The enthusiasm of the young man was so much admired by his employers that they generously undertook, to assist him in carrying out this plan. Accordingly he and his young wife, who was a Miss Alice Waller, the daughter of a Gippsland squatter, started for England. He studied there under Mr George Cooper who was spoken of by Mendelssohn as the greatest of organists, and he won his veteran masters warm approval.

When his period of study was completed Mr. Cooper pressed him to remain in England but he refused to do so and returned once more . . . He was appointed organist at St. Stephen's Church, Richmond and his services were eagerly sought after for all sorts of charitable purposes. He never grudged them but played night after night in different places. The great strain began to tell on him and the first symptoms of the lamentable disease which has brought the present calamity on the family began to assert itself . . .

The fatal disease, which the doctors at the asylum attribute to softening of the brain, seized him again and again, but no sooner did he recover from an attack than, in spite of his infirmity one of the churches was always ready to receive him as organist. He acted as honorary organist to the Melbourne Liedertafel and it was at one of their concerts that he first played Lemmen's organ fantasia, The Storm. The success which greeted this performance was so great that he repeated it three or four times. On the last occasion of its performance his mind was just wavering, and he played as he had never played before, but next day he had once more to be taken to the asylum. Since then his periods of intelligence time been less frequent, and it is only about eight months since he was last discharged.

The family were in somewhat straitened circumstances, but a few of his closest friends started a subscription privately, and a goodly sum was collected. This was vested in trustees and they have been allowing him so much a week. Mr. Fuller, the organ builder of Kew, placed an organ at his disposal, and on this he used to instruct his pupils.

For the past few weeks he has been exceedingly melancholy, and it was feared that another attack was coming on, but no such terrible seizure was anticipated as the one which has caused the present calamity. Such is briefly the career of a man who, with a little more constitutional strength, might have ranked as one of the world's greatest musicians who unquestionably possessed that genius which is so akin to madness, and who now lies in prison charged with the murder of his wife.


"SUMMARY OF EVENTS", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 June 1889), 2

[News], The Argus (31 May 1889), 4

"THE PLAISTED FAMILY FUND", The Argus (26 September 1889), 8

Bibliography and resources:

"Philip Charles Plaisted"; 

John Maidment, "Baptist Church, Collins Street, Melbourne", Organ Historical Trust of Australia (2016) 



Active Sydney, NSW, 1857-59


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (12 February 1858), 7

[Advertisement], Empire (10 April 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1859), 4

PLATTS, Charles (Charles George Eastland PLATTS; Charles PLATTS)

Musician, music teacher, pianist, organist, music-seller

Born London, 9 December 1813; baptised St. James, Piccadilly, 2 January 1814
Married Mary Ann BATT, St. James, Westminster, 16 July 1835
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by 13 April 1839
Died Mitcham, SA, 14 November 1871, aged 58 (TROVE public tag)


He was the son of James Platts, a music-seller of Berwick Street, London, and his wife Sarah. In April 1839, Charles Platts, "late Organist of St. Mary's, Aldermary, and St. Paul's Chapel, Great Portland-street", announced his arrival from London, and begged "to offer his services as teacher of the Piano Forte, which he has studied under the most eminent foreign and English masters". In September he was organist of Trinity Church. In October Platts, "the organist", played the Dead March from Saul at the funeral of Colonel Light, delivered "a lecture on the Music of the 17th Century" at the Mechanics' Institute (with illustrations including "a concerto from Corelli" and Purcell's song Mad Tom) and was billed as "Director of the Music" (and Philip Lee leader of the orchestra) for Cameron's Dramatic Entertainments.

In December 1839, he and another recent arrival, George Bennett, were advertising jointly as "Professors and Teachers of the Pianoforte, Violin and Singing" as well as offering music and instruments for sale, along with tuning and repairs. In February 1840 they advertised Adelaide's "first professional concert". However, by August 1843, he was curtailing his musical activities, as reported:

We regret to learn that the congregation of Trinity Church are deprived of Mr Platts's performances on the Seraphine. He has been for four years a practical and able director of the congregational singing. The tasteful pieces which he executed pleasingly filled up those long intervals which occur between certain portions of the Church of England service. The great liabilities of the Trustees, is we believe the cause of their dispensing with the instrument.

Platts became the town's leading bookseller, and in 1860 assisted Cesare Cutolo in publishing his song God bless you, farewell and his piano nocturne Remembrances of the pyramids.

Having spent some years in Britain, Platts resumed his business in Adelaide, but was insolvent by early 1871, and he died in November. According to his obituary:

His kindly spirit and quaint and genial humour attracted all who knew him intimately, and he received a gratifying proof of the esteem in which he was held in the number of friends who rallied round him in his late misfortunes. His love of music and his skill in that science brought him into connection with the profession very soon after his arrival; but in after years his increasing business connections absorbed the whole of his attention.


[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (13 April 1839), 4

MUSICAL. MR. PLATTS, late Organist of St. Mary's Aldermary, and St. Paul's Chapel, Great Portland-street, has the honor to announce his arrival from London, and begs to offer his services as teacher of the Piano Forte, which he has studied under the most eminent foreign and English masters. Address to the office of this paper.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 September 1839), 3

"DEATH OF COLONEL LIGHT. THE FUNERAL", South Australian Register (12 October 1839), 4

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (19 October 1839), 4

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE - On Friday week, Mr. Platts gratified the members of the Literary Association by delivering a lecture on the Music of the 17th century. He was duly assisted by Messrs. Bennett and Ewens who have recently arrived from Chichester. We congratulate the colony upon this accession of musical talent. Mr. Platts, after an interesting narrative of the progress of the science at that period, illustrated his subject by several beautiful performances, among which we may particularly "Non Nobis Domine" - the duet "Could a man be secure" - a beautiful concerto from Corelli - Purcell's song "Mad Tom" - and "God save the Queen." The company was extremely numerous and respectable, and repeatedly evinced their gratification with the performance. At the close of the lecture, the Secretary suggested the propriety of having an amateur concert for the benefit of the Infirmary. We hope that our fellow colonists may encourage the project, and have frequent opportunities, in the present dearth of public amusement, of enjoying the innocent and intellectual recreation derived from music.

[Advertisement], South Australian (30 October 1839), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 December 1839), 6 

"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT IN ADELAIDE", South Australian Register (15 February 1840), 6

On a spot that three years ago was a desert waste, now stands a public assembly room. In a place that no longer ago was a howling wilderness, is now advertised the first professional Concert. Where the owl shrieked, and the wild dog yelled in emulation of his savage master, the strains of art and fancy - the notes of Beethoven, Martini, Bishop, &c., are to sing their varied melody. Success to you, Messrs. Platts and Bennett, we know not your performers, and speak not of merits which we can only guess at; but credit and encouragement be yours for the attempt. A crowded and a good natured audience, we hope, will smile upon your efforts.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 February 1840), 1 

Under the immediate Patronage of His Excellency the Governor.
CONCERT - at Mr Solomon's Rooms, Currie-street.
Programme of Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT's Concert, Wednesday Evening, 19th instant: -
Part First.
OVERTURE - "Samson" ... Handel.
GLEE - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS, BENNETT, and EDWARDS. - "Here in cool grot" ... Mornington.
SONG - Mr EDWARDS "Mariners of England ... Neukomm.
SOLO - Violin, Mr BENNETT ... Mori.
DUETTO - A LADY and Mr. PLATTS, "E fia Ver" ... Mercadante.
GLEE - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS and PLATTS, "The Wreath" ... Mazzinghi.
OVERTURE - "Henry the Fourth." ... Martini.
Part Second.
OVERTURE - "Men of Prometheus." ... Beethoven.
ROUND - A LADY, Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS, and EDWARDS, "Yes, 'tis the Indian drum" ... Bishop.
SONG - Mr EWENS, "Maiden I will ne'er" ... Rodwell.
DUETT CONCERTANTE - Violin and piano, Messrs. PLATTS and BENNETT, "Air from Ma Fanchette." ... Herz and Lafont.
CATCH - Messrs. EWENS, PLATTS, BENNETT, "Would you know [my Celia's charms]" ... Webbe.
FINALE - "God save the Queen."
Tickets, 7s. each, to be had at this office, at the Southern Australian office, and at Messrs. Platts and Bennett, Crippen-street, near the Church.

"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 February 1840), 4 

The first professional concert given in Adelaide on Thursday night was so successful, and so numerously attended by the most respectable inhabitants, that we confidently look forward to an early repetition of the attempt. Making due allowance for the embarrassment of first appearances, we can conscientiously say that the whole affair was worthy of most, and superior to many, similar entertainments which are "got up" in the provincial towns of England, boasting of a population double that of Adelaide. The concerted pieces were perhaps the most defective. Instrumental music admits of no mediocrity; but the songs were very respectably given. The most ambitious effort of the evening, Mercandante's duett "E, fia ver," was creditably sung by Mr Platts and Mrs Elliott. Mr Ewens, who is a steady, and evidently a good, musician, sustained his part in several glees, and sung a very sweet English song by Rodwell, the name of which we forget at this moment, with great simplicity and taste. Mr Edwards gave Neukomm's "Mariners of England" with much vigour, and he afterwards introduced another very beautiful song, well suited to his superb voice, in which he was rapturously encored. Lord Mornington's celebrated glee "Here in cool grot," and Webbe's catch "Would you know" gave very general pleasure, although we thought they might have been done greater justice to had the singers possessed the advantage of a little more practice and a better knowledge of each other's powers. Upon the whole, however, the concert was a good one, and such as we would willingly, and as we earnestly hope to see, in Adelaide for the future at no distant intervals.

[News], South Australian (4 August 1843), 2

"PROVINCIAL GRAND LODGE OF MASONS", South Australian Register (16 November 1854), 3

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (15 November 1871), 4

"OBITUARY", South Australian Register (5 December 1871), 6s

MR. CHARLES PLATTS. - Another of our early colonists has been removed from us by death. Mr. Charles George Eastland Platts, who for about a third of a century carried on business as bookseller and stationer in Adelaide, died on Tuesday, November 14, at his residence near Mitcham. Mr. Platts was formerly an organist in one of the churches in the City of London. He arrived in the colony in 1839, and commenced business in Gilles-arcade, whence he subsequently removed to more commodious premises in Hindley-street, nearly opposite Rosina-street. Still later he opened the extensive premises at the corner of King William and Hindley streets, and for several years his success in business was very great. Mr. Platts then visited Europe with a view to recruiting his health, and returned to the colony some three or four years ago. But his constitution, which was never very strong, gave way beneath the pressure of accumulated troubles and disappointments. Under careful medical treatment his health latterly seemed to have been partially restored; but a somewhat sudden relapse took place on Monday evening, and at 2 o'clock on Tuesday morning his sufferings were relieved by death. Mr. Platts was a quiet inoffensive citizen, who in life was very generally respected. He has left behind him a wife and a large circle of friends to deplore his death. His kindly spirit and quaint and genial humour attracted all who knew him intimately, and he received a gratifying proof of the esteem in which he was held in the number of friends who rallied round him in his late misfortunes. His love of music and his skill in that science brought him into connection with the profession very soon after his arrival; but in after years his increasing business connections absorbed the whole of his attention. The immediate cause of death was rheumatic gout. It was thought he was recovering from a sharp attack, and he was congratulating himself on recovering the use of his legs and hand when the disease suddenly attacked the brain. For a few hours his sufferings were intense, but delirium supervened, and in that state he died.

Bibliography and resources:

George Loyau, Notable South Australians, 259

PLOCK, Adam (Herr PLOCK)

Musician, professor of music, band leader, composer, arranger

Born Hesse Cassel, Germany, 13 October 1824
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Died Windsor, Melbourne, VIC, 2 June 1903, "aged 78 years" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PLOCK, Gertrude Gerhard Louisa (Miss PLOCK)

Musician, bandmaster

Died Flinders Island, SA, 27 April 1927


A notice in The Argus in 1900 records the golden anniversary of the wedding of Adam Plock and Louisa Hickling at the parish church, St. Ann's, Jamaica, on 2 October 1850. His name appeared in a testimonial from a Mrs. Thom among an impressive list of "Ladies and Gentlemen of the Theatrical and Musical Profession in Melbourne" in December 1855. He was an elector at Emerald Hill, Victoria, in July 1859, and for most of the 1860s was a clothier, outfitter, and tobacconist. At the Fourth Anniversary of the German Gymnastic Association on 1 May 1863, "Mr. A Plock next gave - "Victoria, the Land of our Adoption", probably a toast rather than a song. He advertised in a meeting of the musicians engaged for the Freemasons' Ball in August 1869, and appearing as a witness in a court case in June 1871 was described as a "musician".

In April 1872, he organised a benefit concert for George Coppin after "his late severe losses by the burning of the Theatre Royal" (at which he was assisted by Siede, Schott and Herz) and in April 1873 a concert featuring several of his own and other teachers' pupils. According to a report in September 1877: "Herr Plock, of Melbourne, has formed a ladies' band, of whom three play violins and one violoncello". He appears to have had in-house associations with W. H. Glen & Co., since as early as 1875 when "the excellent band of Messrs. Glen and Plock" was mentioned, and as conductor by 1876 of Nicholson and Ascherberg's Band, a string and brass ensemble of 80 men. At his death in 1903 he left "real estate valued at £1,110 and personal property valued at £1,156 in trust for the benefit of his widow, children, and grandchildren".


[Advertisement], The Argus (21 December 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 July 1859), 3

[News], The Argus (2 May 1863), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 August 1869), 8

"SECRETS OF THE MISTLETOE", The Argus (22 June 1871), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1872), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 April 1873), 8

[News], The Argus (10 March 1875), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 September 1876), 8

"MELBOURNE", The Musical Times (1 December 1876), 709 

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 February 1877), 8

"Marriages", The Argus (26 May 1877), 1

"MELBOURNE GOSSIP", Gippsland Times (14 September 1877), 4

... A lady plays the harp in the Opera House band during the performance of "Lohengrin." In Simonsen's Opera band a young lady played the flute. Herr Plock, of Melbourne, has formed a ladies' band, of whom three play violins and one violoncello. In Vienna there is a ladies' orchestra of twenty-five performers, including violins, violincellos, flutes, and other instruments ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 January 1878), 8

"HERR PLOCK'S MATINEE MUSICALE", The Argus (19 January 1878), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 January 1880), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 August 1881), 16

"Herr Adam Plock", Table Talk (15 March 1889), 6 

... Herr Adam Plock was born in 1824, near Hessen Cassel, in Germany. His father was the curate of the Calvinistic Church in the village, while his grandfather, George Plock, served under Frederick the Great in the seven years' war, and won much distinction for his bravery, at the same time having the good luck to be wounded only once. Adam Plock was instructed in music by his father until he made such progress that he was placed under Herr Ritter for the violin and clarionette, and shortly after Dr. Volkner was chosen as his tutor for the piano. The young man was regarded by all his friends and acquaintances as possessing great musical genius, and high expectations wore formed of him. However, in 1842 Adam Plock left his native land and embarked for New York, for the double purpose of seeing the world and winning a reputation. His resolution and energy were all the more remarkable inasmuch as he could not speak a word of English, and did not have a single acquaintance. Yet, on the second night of his arrival in New York, he was engaged by the manager of a French opera company to play second violin in the orchestra. Once he gained a footing, he worked his way steadily forward, and his next engagement was as double bass player in the orchestra of an opera company sailing for Kingston, Jamaica. He liked the island so much that he accepted the position of organist at St. Ann's, which he continued to hold till he sailed for Victoria ... During his residence in Jamaica, Herr Plock visited Panama, Lima, and several other notable South American towns ... Herr Plock set foot in Melbourne in 1853, and at once fell in with an old shipmate, the later Mr. John Hydes - popularly known and Johnny Hydes - who was at that time successfully managing the old Queen's Theatre in Queen Street. Hydes engaged Herr Plock to play double bass at this theatre, and his second engagement was with George Coppin at the Olympic ...

"A TALK WITH HERR PLOCK", The Australasian (5 August 1893), 24 

... At the age of 15 I landed in New York in company with a five-franc piece. I didn't know much moosic then, but as no one else did I got plenty to do. After a time I went to Jamaica and got married, returned to America, and came out here. My first engagement was at the old Queen's Theatre, where I played the clarionet, double bass, and a few other instruments ...

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (6 October 1900), 9

"Deaths", The Argus (3 June 1903), 1

"MELBOURNE GOSSIP, BY VIVA", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (10 June 1903), 1418 

The keen frosts of last week "slit the thin-spun thread" of the lives of several Victorian veterans ... Herr Plock was another of the veterans who succumbed to the frosts. He died last Tuesday at the ripe age of 78. The old bandmaster appeared at balls with his musicians until some three months since, when his daughter took his place as conductor of the baud. Miss Plock inherits her father's gift, and is in request at all the fashionable balls of the season. Experienced dancers declare that there is no music like that of Plock's Band, and the belles and beaux of Melbourne ballrooms have a kindly feeling for the old bandmaster just called to his rest. His dance music was calculated to make "Soft eyes look love to eyes that spoke again." On his retirement Lady Madden organised a subscription for him among his friends. A sweet and womanly letter, very characteristic of the writer, appeared in the daily press from the wife of the Chief Justice. She reminded those who had danced to the strains of Plock's Band how often the old musician had played the accompaniment to the sweetest song of their lives, and asked them to make a purse as an expression of sympathy with Herr Plock, whose last days had been somewhat clouded by financial embarrassments. A purse with more than £50 in it reached the veteran the day before his death with a kindly letter from Lady Madden. Melbourne society is not yet altogether heartless.

"WILLS AND ESTATES", The Argus (30 July 1903), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 August 1903), 2

Selected musical works:

Plock's little footsteps galop (Melbourne: J. C. W. Nicholson, [1874]), based on popular song 

Queen of the woods waltz ("introducing the admired melodies To the wood, and Breathe not at parting") (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1877]) 

Elsa waltz on airs from Lohengrin ("by A. Plock"; "Respectfully dedicated to Miss Bowen") ([Melbourne]: A. Plock, [1878])

Stolen kisses waltz, in Glen's Exhibition Album (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [1880])

The Age polka (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1880])

New highland schottische ("arranged by A. Plock") (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1881]) 

The Bulletin polka (Supplement to the Melbourne Bulletin (3 March 1882)) 

Fatinitza polka ("arranged by A. Plock") (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1881])

Bibliography and resources

George Washington Peck, Melbourne, and the Chincha Islands: with sketches of Lima, and a voyage round the world (New York: Scribner, 1854), 123 

... At the theatre was a German Double bass player, whom I had known in Boston ...


Composer, music critic, choral director, conductor, teacher

Born Islington, London, England, 1842
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 June 1878 (on the Assam, via Bombay)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, February 1891
Died London, England, 2 April 1902 (TROVE public tag) (NLA persistent identifier)

TASCA, Carlotta (Mrs. Alfred PLUMPTON; Carlotta TASCA; Madame TASCA; Charlotte TASKER)

Pianist, organist, lyricist, songwriter, teacher of music

Died London, England, 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)




An Alfred Plumpton, a London vocalist, appeared in Sydney in 1869, by 1871 his promoters billing him as "the great Tenor, the Sims Reeves of Australia". Was this perhaps Alfred's father (mentioned in his later publicity)? Or even Alfred himself?

Alfred and his wife Carlotta Tasca anyway arrived in Melbourne in June 1878 from Bombay. The patriotic song To arms, to arms "composed by Mr. Alfred Plumpton, the words by Madame Tasca, both of whom are now in this city" Carlotta Tasca was introduced by Emily Soldene that month.

He was musical director at Presbyterian Ladies' College (1883-86) where he taught the pianist-novelist Henry Handel Richardson, and choir director at St. Francis's Church and St. Patrick's Cathedral; music critic for the Melbourne Age and Leader (from 1882), and the Victorian Review (1882-83); and president of the Society of Musicians of Australasia (1890). At a banquet in Melbourne Town Hall on the departure of the governor and his wife for Mauritius in 1879, his setting of Marcus Clarke's poem Victoria's farewell to Lady Bowen (see other Clarke setting below) was sung, and Tasca played his piano fantasia Hibernian echoes. His Mass in G for choir and orchestra, first performed at the cathedral in January 1881 and repeated several times that year, has disappeared, though some organ works have survived.

Other larger compositions included the cantatas The apotheosis of Hercules (1882) and Endymion (1882), and The Victorian Jubilee ode (words by Edwin Exon) for the Metropolitan Liedertafel in 1887. His two-act opera, I due studenti was premiered by the New Italian Opera Company in December 1887. In 1890 he conducted a season with Nellie Stewart's opera company, and in 1891 Stewart, Plumpton and Tasca left for England. Later, in 1895, J. C. Williamson's toured the operetta An arcadian eve (libretto: Huan Mee) to Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney. He was a prolific composer of published songs both in London and Australia, many with words by Tasca.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 December 1871), 4


[News], The Argus (20 February 1879), 5

"PLUMPTON'S MASS", The Argus (10 January 1881), 6


"THE MELBOURNE MUSIC FESTIVAL. ENDYMION", The Argus (27 December 1882), 7

"THE OPERA I DUE STUDENTI", The Argus (28 December 1887), 5

"THE EVENING CONCERT", The Argus (5 October 1888), 10

"Social", Table Talk (9 May 1890), 14

The children's operetta of "Red Riding Hood," in aid of St. Mark's Parish Mission, was performed on Thursday evening, May 1, before a crowded audience in the Fitzroy Town-Hall. The operetta has been carefully dramatized by Miss A. M. Heinbockel from the cantata of the same name, and her efforts have resulted in such complete success as to win for her widespread praise and approbation. The principal character, Red Riding Hood, was sustained by Miss Louie Nathan with good effect, and with her ware creditably associated Miss Nellie M'Williams, Master Davies, Master Favargor, Miss Adelaide Osmond, Miss Marie Carroll, Miss Cara Plumpton, and Miss Dora Palmer. One of the attractions of the operetta was the fairy dance by the pupils of the Misses Hyams. The accompanist, Miss Louie Kennedy, got through her part of the work skilfully.

[News], The Argus (13 February 1891), 4

"THEATRE ROYAL", South Australian Register (2 July 1895), 6

"OBITUARY. MR. ALFRED PLUMPTON", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1902), 7

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The West Australian (5 April 1902), 4

"AUSTRALIANS ABROAD", The Australasian (10 May 1902), 45

(FROM A SPECIAL, CORRESPONDENT.) LONDON, April 4. Mr. Alfred Plumpton, who has just died, was a man who had made many friends, though his stronghold was what might be termed cultured Bohemia. There he presided as a chief night after night, and not infrequently morning after morning, as a continuation; and the hours flew by to his favourite song of Melbourne memories. Plumpton did much for the musical dramatic profession. He was a brilliant conductor, a writer of tuneful music, and a very staunch friend to his friends. No vocalists from Australia wanting a trial ever appealed in vain to him as conductor of the orchestra at the Palace Theatre of Varieties. If they were not quite "up," the condemnatory verdict was accompanied with such kindly, encouraging advice that the applicant almost felt an engagement had been offered. It must have been a great change from the choirmastership of St. Francis's R.C. Church, Melbourne, to the orchestra of the Palace, But Plumpton, a natural cosmopolitan and man of the world, never seemed to realise that there had been a change. As a musician, in the conductor's chair, he did not have his superior in London, and the bold experiment of the Palace directors in engaging, at a handsome salary, a man of such ability was justified by their securing in return the patronage of the best and most fashionable audience that had ever visited a "Theatre of Varieties". He has left behind him a sturdy, bright-witted, and gifted daughter to console his widow, whom Australians may not have forgotten under her professional name of Madame Carlotta Tasca.

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The West Australian (12 July 1902), 5 

The death is announced of Madame Carlotta Tasca, widow of Alfred Plumpton, whose death was also recorded quite recently. Madame Tasca was for many years a successful teacher of music in Melbourne, and, in addition to her musical gifts, was a highly cultivated woman. She died at her residence, Highgate, London, after a long illness.

Marcus Clarke settings:

This is love("song; words by Marcus Clarke"), in Nicholson's Australian musical magazine 41 (1897)

Those vanished years ("song, written by Marcus Clarke . . . sung by Maggie Stirling") (Melbourne: Marian Clarke, 1898) 

What hopes the patriot's bosom holds ("written by Marcus Clarke"), in Nicholson's musical magazine 58 (1901) 

Other works (selection):

Overture Macbeth (for orchestra; performed Melbourne, October 1888)

Darling (words: Carlotta Tasca; "Sung by Mr. Armes Beaumont"), The Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 July 1889), 12-13

Oh, lovely voices of the sky (hymn for Christmas; words: Mrs. Hemans; "Dedicated to Miss Fraser, Toorak"), The Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 January 1890), 12-13 


Professor of music, organist, pianist, piano tuner

Born c. 1819
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 5 March 1849 (per Athenian, from London)
Died Norwood, SA, 27 August 1886, in his 68th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (7 March 1849), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (3 April 1849), 1

[News], South Australian Register (26 May 1849), 2

... One object of the special services at St. John's Church, as advertised in another column, is a reduction or extinction of a debt of £181. His Excellency has signified his intention to the present, and Mr. Plumstead, an eminent organist lately arrived from England, will preside at the organ. 

[News], South Australian Register (30 May 1849), 3

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (24 November 1849), 2

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (30 April 1852), 3

"THE ST. PAUL'S TEA MEETING. To the Editor", Geelong Advertiser (2 June 1855), 2

"CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser (25 July 1856), 2

"ANGASTON", The South Australian Advertiser (22 November 1869), 5

"POPULAR CONCERT AT PORT ADELAIDE", South Australian Register (18 July 1882), 5

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (28 August 1886), 4

PLUNKET, Charles Thomas (Charles T. PLUNKET; PLUNKETT)

Church organist, amateur musician, chemist, pharmacist

Born Waterford, Ireland, c.1828/31
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 7 February 1853
Died Melbourne, VIC, 3 June 1902, aged 74 (TROVE public tag)


[Advertisement], The Age (13 July 1858), 1 

"THE LATE MR. C. T. PLUNKET, J.P.", Advocate (7 June 1902), 12 

It is with much regret that we have to announce the death of a very old and highly respected colonist - Mr. C. T. Plunket, J.P.. The deceased gentleman came from the Old Land some fifty years ago, and entered into business as a chemist and druggist in Lonsdale-street, where he resided till the time of his death ... [He] was a native of Waterford, Ireland, and came to Melbourne February 7th, 1853 ... His father was Count Charles Plunket, an officer of the Royal Regiment of Malta, who served with distinction in the British and foreign service. His mother, who afterwards became Mrs. W. Furlong, was an accomplished musician, and from her he inherited his love for music, particularly that of a sacred character. On his arrival here he was appointed by the late Archbishop Goold organist of St. Francis' Church, where he played for many years till the late Miss Wilkinson took charge of the choir. Of late years he played for St. Francis' vesper choir, in which he evinced intense interest. He took no part in municipal or in political matters; but as regarded every movement for the general good, or the relief of the poor and the needy, the late Mr. Plunket was ever ready with a kind word and practical assistance ... Mr. Plunket was in his 74th year.

Bibliography and resources:

Rankin 1979, 26

Bryne 1995, 20-21



Born Albury, NSW, 1883 (TROVE public tag)



Musical work:

The federal march by Iva Plunkett, respectfully dedicated to Rev. Father O'Sullivan [Melbourne]: Troedel & Co., [1900])

Composer's own copy, now at National Library of Australia 

PLUNKETT, John Hubert

Amateur violinist, founder and president Sydney Philharmonic Society, lecturer on ancient Irish music, patron of music, attorney general of NSW

Born Roscommon, Ireland, June 1802
Arrived Sydney, NSW, June 1832 (per Southworth)
Died East Melbourne, VIC, 9 May 1869 (TROVE public tag) (NLA persistent identifier)

PLUNKETT, Maria Charlotte (McDONOUGH)

Pianist, vocalist, music teacher

Died Sydney, NSW, August 1895

John Hubert Plunkett, Heads of the people (3 July 1847)

John Hubert Plunkett, Heads of the people (3 July 1847) frontispiece (DIGITISED)


According to his biographer John Maloney (The native-born: the first white Australians, 165), Plunkett was "an authority on Irish music. His main recreation was that of playing Mozart and Haydn on his Cremona violin". In 1865 he gave his own violin to the touring blind violinist Joseph Heine:

... nearly 250 years old, having been made in thee year 1610, by Galpard Duippo, an Italian. On the sides is a Latin inscription: "When I was alive I was silent-now I am dead I speak". The back of the violin is beautifully inlaid with choice woods, representing a township in Italy; and a carved head surmounts the scroll. To-night, at Mr. and Mrs. Heine's farewell entertainment this instrument will be played on ...

Plunkett was also a founder and president of the Sydney Philharmonic Society, and played violin in its whose orchestra. His wife and cousin, Maria Plunkett, was a fine amateur singer and pianist; Edward Boulanger dedicated a Caprice sur Norma to her, printed in his Boulanger's musical keepsake for 1856.

Plunkett's niece, Georgina Keon dedicated her The Twofold Bay waltzes to him and his wife in 1864.

According to Molony 1973 (261, note 52) there is a manuscript book of music in Plunkett's hand among Plunkett's papers in the Makinson, Plunkett, D'Apice collection (State Library of New South Wales) (on this collection of Plunkett's papers, see Molony 1973, xii)


Abel du Petit-Thouars, Voyage autour du monde sur la frégate la Vénus, pendant les années 1836-1839 ... tome troisième

(Paris: Gide, éditeur, 1841), 287-89 

Le 12 décembre [1838], il ne nous restait plus que quelques jours à passer à Sydney: j'en profitai pour aller faire un pélerinage au monument commémoratif de Lapérouse. M. Plunkett, attorney-général, magistrat d'une haute capacité, qui jouissait à Sydney d'une grande et juste considération, que l'esprit de parti et celui de secte même n'empêchaient pas de reconnaître, nous offrit de se joindre à nous pour ce pélerinage, ainsi que MM. Thomson, secrétaire-général de la colonie, et Therry, substitut du procureur-général; mesdames Plunkett, Thomson, Therry, voulurent aussi être de la partie, qui devint ainsi une véritable caravane... Madame Thomson, fille du général Bourke, précédent gouverneur de cette colonie, douée d'une voix étendue, fraîche et facile, avait un talent de musique trèsremarquable , qui ne pouvait être égalé que par sa complaisance. Quoique nous fussions en plein vent, et qu'elle n'eût pour accompagnement que le bruit de la mer, venant se briser au pied de la roche qui nous servait de salon, loin de se faire prier, elle chanta avec une bonne grâce charmante de délicieux morceaux de Rossini. Madame Plunkett, élevée dans le couvent des Oiseaux, à Paris, ne fut pas moins complaisante, et chanta aussi souvent qu'elle en fut priée.

"OUR LYCEUM", Bell's Life in Sydney (9 October 1858), 2

The honorable and learned John Hubert Plunkett made his first bow on the stage last Tuesday evening as "The Ancient Bard of Ireland", the performances being in aid of the Fund for the distressed tenanthry at Donegal, in Ireland. The Muses greeted the honorable debutant in a terrible shower of rain, through which rushed young and old, and great numbers of the Sydney fair who disregarded such trifles as mud and wet in their laudable eagerness to support by their eighteenpences and their countenances, the debutant in his generous exertion to do good. Without pretending to compare the Hon. Mr. Plunkett either to Paganini or Miska Hauser, we award him the meed of being a "first fiddle", too good for such a place as Toogood's, for instance. Several ladies and gentlemen amateurs assisted the hon. debutant with both vocal and instrumental music; but we must confess to having sustained some disappointment at hearing no song from Mr. Plunkett himself, having attended with all our Staff for the express purpose of joining in the "coal-box". However, the entertainment elicited enthusiastic applause throughout, the house being crowded in every part.

"ANCIENT MUSIC OF IRELAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 October 1858), 5 

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1859), 7

"LECTURE ON ANCIENT IRISH MUSIC", Empire (12 March 1861), 5

"LECTURE ON ANCIENT IRISH MUSIC", Freeman's Journal (13 March 1861), 6 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1862), 1

"COMPLEMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. AND MRS. HEINE", Empire (5 September 1865), 5 

[News], The Brisbane Courier (23 October 1865), 2

We understand that the hon. John Hubert Plunkett, of Sydney, has presented to Mr. Joseph Heine a magnificent violin, nearly 250 years old, having been made in the year 1616, by Galpard Duippo [sic], an Italian. On the sides is a Latin inscription: "When I was alive I was silent; now I am dead I speak." The back of the violin is beautifully inlaid with choice woods, representing a township in Italy; and a carved head surmounts the scroll.

The violin "maker" named is probably rightly Gasparo Duiffopruggar (Italianised form of Tieffenbrucker) active in the mid-1500s as a viol maker. Most instruments bearing his "label" mid and late 19th-century Parisian reproductions.

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (2 December 1871), 1 

MRS. JOHN HUBERT PLUNKETT is compelled by painful necessity to try to support herself, and is most anxious to receive PUPILS in Music and French. Mrs. J. H. Plunkett is well known to the people of Sydney from her youth, and now earnestly solicits their patronage in her unfortunate circumstances. Address 3, Lady Young-terrace, Bridge-street.

Bibliography and resources:

T. L. Suttor, "Plunkett, John Hubert (1802-1869)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

John Molony, John Hubert Plunkett in New South Wales, 1832-1869 (Ph.D thesis, Australian National University, 1971)

John Molony, An architect of freedom: John Hubert Plunkett in New South Wales, 1832-1869 (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1973) 

POINGDESTRE, Mary Eleanor (Mary Eleanor AGNEW; Mrs. Lyndon Phillipe POINGDESTRE; Mrs. POINGDESTRE)

Harpist, teacher of the harp

Born Saint Barthélemy, Channel Islands, 22 July 1810
Married Lyndon Philip POINGDESTRE, St. Helier, Jersey, 1 July 1834
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 July 1849 (per Hydaspes, from Liverpool, 31 March)
Died Bowen, QLD, 7 March 1880


"ARRIVED", The Argus (21 July 1849), 2

July 20. - Hydaspes, barque, 595 tons, Hugh Stewart, commander, from Liverpool, 31st March. Passengers - (cabin) Mrs. Taylor and 2 children, Mrs. Wilkie and 2 children, Mr. Poigndestre, Mrs. Poigndestre and family . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 January 1850), 3 

Education. MRS POINGDESTRE undertakes the Education of a limited number of Young Ladies, and has vacancies for a few as Boarders or Day Pupils. Mrs. Poingdestre will give lessons at her house in different styles of Drawing as also lessons on the Harp. References kindly permitted to the Lord Bishop of Melbourne, and Messrs. H. G. Ashurst, and G. S. Brodie. Collingwood, next door to the Sheriff.

"THE HARP", The Argus (1 January 1850), 2 

We are assured upon good authority that Mrs. Poingdestre, of Collingwood, adds to the other accomplishments she teaches, a very considerable proficiency upon the harp. We trust that our fair young friends will thank us for the hint, and insist upon their stingy papas relenting so far as to allow them a few lessons on an instrument, which the dear creatures know to present great advantages in the exhibition of an elegant figure, as well as the usual graces of musical taste and execution.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1865), 6 

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (22 March 1880), 2 

POINGDESTRE. - On the 7th March, at the residence of her son-in-law (A. C. Macmillan, Lornsleigh, Bowen, Queensland), in the 69th year of her age, Mary Elinor, widow of the late Lyndon Philippe Poingdestre, of Monteprate, Jersey, only daughter of Major Agnew (for some time Colonial Secretary of Dominica) and cousin of Sir Andrew Agnew, of Lochnaw Castle, Scotland.

Bibliography and resources:

? Perhaps related by marriage to "Poingdestre, Henry", TE ARA / Encyclopedia of New Zealand

POLHILL, Victoria (Miss POLHILL)


Born Devon, England, July-September 1837
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 4 February 1853 (per Calcutta, from Plymouth, 3 October 1852)
Active Adelaide, SA, ? until 1860
Married Pearce BARTON, Mount Barker, SA, 22 November 1860
Died Mount Victoria, NSW, 25 September 1899


Six members of the Polhill family reportedly arrived in South Australia early in 1853; from one slightly garbled newspaper report, we can probably identify them as Sarah, widow of Baker Polhill of Plymouth, 4 daughters and a son (Baker junior). In March "Mrs. Polhill and daughters" advertised that, having "conducted a Ladies' School" in England, they were now seeking pupils locally. The eldest daughter, Helen, died in December 1853, aged 29; another, Sophia Louisa, died in February 1856; Charlotte married Horace Dean in 1853; leaving the youngest, Victoria, to marry Pearce Barton, of Mount Barker, in November 1860. By a process of elimination, Victoria, then, was probably the pianist active in Adelaide concerts in 1859 and early 1860.


"ARRIVED", Adelaide Times (5 February 1853), 3 

. . . Misses [? recte Mrs.] Sarah, [? Misses] Helen, Charlotte, Sophia, Victoria, and Mr. Baker Polhill . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (24 March 1853), 2 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 December 1853), 2 

LADIES' BOARDING AND DAY-SCHOOL. THEBARTON. MRS. POLHILL has vacancies for four ladies as BOARDERS at her Establishment, where the health and improvement of the pupils are always studied. Miss Polhill has a drawing Class on Wednesdays and Saturdays; she also gives lessons in Music, Painting on Glass, Leather Work for frames, etc. Terms and references may be had on application at their residence.

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (16 July 1859), 2 

. . . Mr. White, very nicely accompanied on the pianoforte by Miss Polhill, whose unobtrusive but accurate playing gave great satisfaction, gave a charming solo upon the violin by Alard . . .

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (29 February 1860), 1 

"MARRIAGE", South Australian Register (23 November 1860), 2 

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1899), 1 


Singer, labourer

Born c. 1826
Died (murdered) Dandalup, WA, 21 February 1844


"QUARTER SESSIONS", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (6 April 1844), 2 

John Gaven was indicted for the wilful murder of George Pollard of the Dandalup River, laborer. This case excited considerable interest and the court was crowded. The prisoner was about 15 years of age, and the deceased seventeen ...

Jane Pollard, mother of the deceased: I remember Ash Wednesday, 21st Feb. last. About the middle of that day, between 12 and 1 o'clock, prisoner came in to dinner, and my son, the deceased, sent him for a gimblet to the carpenter's shop ...

... I then tried to sleep again, but was disturbed by the deceased beginning to sing; he was then in his room, a lean-to, next to my bedroom, and the partition wall has not been filled so that I could hear partly what he said, but not all. The last words I heard him sing were -

"And when we close these gates again
We will be all true blue."

The sound of singing then suddenly ceased. I lay a little longer, but I was aroused by some feeling I could not account for, and I leapt out of bed ...

... I know that deceased had borrowed a book of songs. I found the book of songs in the deceased's bed at the time I went to his bedside. The next day I looked into the book to find the words I had heard him singing, but could not. Afterwards my daughter found the words in a page glued to another page by blood, I did not see any stains of blood on prisoner's clothes ...

I never saw the prisoner reading out of the book produced. I have heard him humming a tune at different times, but I never remember to have heard him sing any words. The tunes prisoner hummed were not psalm tunes to my knowledge ...

Thomas Pollard. I am a son of last witness. I recollect the day my brother was killed ... I never heard prisoner sing or read out of the book produced. I have heard deceased sing songs out of it in prisoner's hearing, who did not appear at all annoyed at the songs, but continued with whatever he was about ...

The chairman after recapitulating the evidence commented upon the legal points in the case ... His painful duly now was to pass the sentence of the law, that he should be taken to the prison from whence he came, and from thence be conveyed on Saturday next to some convenient spot, where he should be hanged by the neck until he was dead, and then suspended in chains, and might Almighty God for Jesus Christ's sake have mercy on his sinful soul.

"CONFESSION OF THE MURDER OF GEORGE POLLARD", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (6 April 1844), 3

"QUARTER SESSIONS", Inquirer (10 April 1844), 2

... I knew deceased

"CASE OF THE KILLER WHO WANTED A MOTHER'S LOVE", Mirror (16 February 1953), 8 

POLLARD, Joseph Henry (Mr. J. H. POLLARD; J. Henry POLLARD, R.A.M.; A.R.A.M.)

Pianist, baritone vocalist, Professor of Italian and English Singing, the Pianoforte, and Composition, music class instructor, choral conductor, music retailer, songwriter, composer

Born Devon, England, c.1829
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 19 March 1857 (per Columbian, from Southampton, 14 January)
Departed Bendigo, VIC, by early 1864 (? direct for England)
Died Mentone, France, by early January 1903, aged 74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Pollard, composer of several small works published in London in the early 1850s, and advertising as "of the Royal Academy of Music", made his first appearance in Melbourne on 30 March 1857 as co-artist to Anna Bishop, and with fellow Royal Academician, Laura Baxter, who had also arrived on the Columbian. By June-July, he was in Bendigo, appearing with Charles Thatcher, Julia Harland, and Miska Hauser, and with members of the Sandhurst Philharmonic Society. His vocal quartet The violet was given for the first time in July 1862.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (20 March 1857), 4 

"THE MELBOURNE HOSPITAL CONCERT", The Argus (30 March 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 March 1857), 8



... For this concert, Madame Bishop had, in addition to her own invaluable aid, enlisted the services of two newly-arrived vocalists of first class - Miss Laura Baxter and Mr J. H. Pollard; and those of the German "Liedertafel," a band of about twenty amateur musicians, who afforded the most effective assistance throughout the evening ...

"CONCERT HALL, ADMIRAL HOTEL, LONG GULLY", Bendigo Advertiser, (17 June 1857), 3 

... The chief thing worthy of notice was a "local" song, sung by Mr. J. H. Pollard, entitled "The Reefer," music and words being his own; it deservedly received an encore, and we trust to hear more of this gentleman's compositions, as the one in question shows decided talent. Mr. Barwick presided at the piano in his usual able manner.

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (5 July 1859), 2

"THE PHILHARMONIC ONCE MORE. TO THE EDITOR", Bendigo Advertiser (12 March 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1862), 8

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (2 May 1863), 1 

THE FOURTEENTH RE-UNION AND CONCERT of the SANDHURST CHORAL SOCIETY Will take place at THE TEMPERANCE HALL, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 5th. Several Vocal and Instrumental Novelties and Selections from Wallace's Opera, Maritana, will be produced. Conductor - Mr. J. H. Pollard.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (15 July 1864), 3 

... J. Fairchild, Piano-forte Maker. Music Saloon, Williamson-street, late J. H. Pollard.

"NEW MUSIC", Exeter and Plymouth Gazette [UK] (6 March 1868), 3

"Moonlight Musings by the Sea." A reverie, by J. Henry Pollard. London, Lamborn Cock, Addison and Co., 62 and 63, New Bond-street. This is graceful and attractive if not a highly original pianoforte piece. It is well constructed, carefully written, and has melodious theme underlying the light but not too elaborate accompaniment. In the hands of a moderate performer with a cultivated taste and a delicate touch "Moonlight Musings" would be an effective and elegant bagatelle.

[Advertisement], Thanet Advertiser [England] (6 June 1868), 2

MR. J. HENRY POLLARD, PROFESSOR of Italian and English Singing, and the Pianoforte, begs to announce that he visits Broadstairs and Margate weekly. All communications addressed to his residence, 15, Albion Place, Ramsgate.

"DEATHS", Kent & Sussex Courier (8 June 1898),

POLLARD. May 22nd, at Ramsgate, Elsie Emily, the wife of J. Henry Pollard, A.R A.M., and eldest daughter of the late W. D. Chantrell, of Bruges, Belgium.

"THE DEATH OF MR. J. HENRY POLLARD", Thanet Advertiser (24 January 1903), 5

Many Ramsgate people will learn with deep regret of the death of Mr. J. Henry Pollard, which occurred recently at Mentone. For many years the deceased gentleman resided at 3, Elms Park-terrace, The Elms, Ramsgate. He was a musician of considerable talent, and was well known in musical circles as a clever pianist and organist. He was also responsible for several compositions. Some thirty years since Mr. Pollard received the appointment of choirmaster and organist of St. George's Church, and during the time he filled that office he was very popular among all with whom his duties brought him into contact. Mr. Pollard was succeeded by Dr. Prior, but he and Mrs. Pollard continued to worship at the church. In politics the deceased gentleman was a Conservative, and he took an active interest in the work of the local habitation of the Primrose League. For some time past Mr. Pollard had not enjoyed good health, and in order to avoid the effects of the English winter he went to Mentone. He was seventy-four years of age.

Musical works:

St. Valentine's day, words by J. Burbidge; music by J. H. Pollard (London: Duff & Hodgson, [1852]) 


See also Weippert family

POLLARD, James Joseph

Pianoforte maker, musical instrument maker (from Collard and Collard, London), opera conductor and musical director

Born London, England, 10 June 1833; baptised St. Pancras, Camden, 4 August 1833 (son of James and Elizabeth POLLARD)
Married (1) Mary Eleanor WEIPPERT, London, 1853
Active Tasmania, by 1855
Married (2) Corunna Elizabeth WEIPPERT, 27 January 1876
Died Townsville, QLD, 1 May 1884

POLLARD, Mary Eleanor (WEIPPERT; Mrs. J. J. POLLARD [1])


Born c.1833 (daughter of William WEIPPERT (1810-1852); grand-daughter of John Michael WEIPPERT)
Married James Joseph POLLARD, London, 1853
Active Tasmania, by 1855
Died Launcetson, TAS, 7 July 1874, aged 41 years

POLLARD, Corunna Elizabeth (Miss WEIPPERT; Mrs. J. J. POLLARD [2])

Born London, England, 19 December 1846
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 14 March 1864
Married James Joseph POLLARD, Launceston, TAS, 27 January 1876
Died Melbourne, VIC, 17 August 1906

The father of the sisters Mary and Corunna was John Michael WEIPPERT (1775/6-1831), a harpist, was a younger brother of the famous composer and bandmaster John Erhradt WEIPPERT (1766-1823); their mother, Corunna Gootch Bradford WEIPPERT (b. c.1809), came to Australia, and died at South Melbourne, 29 March 1899


POLLARD, James Joseph (junior)

Opera conductor and musical director (Pollard's Lilliputian Opera Company)

Born Tasmania, 15 July 1856
Died Rangoon, India, 15 September 1883, aged 27

POLLARD, Henry John

Musician, double-bass player, conductor (Brisbane Liedertafel), mining engineer

Born Tasmania, 15 July 1857
Died Sydney, NSW, 27 October 1931, aged 74

POLLARD, Charles Albert


Born Tasmania, 4 August 1858
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 February 1942

POLLARD, Corunna Louisa

Born Tasmania, 1 February 1860
Died USA, 7 July 1936

POLLARD, Frederick Nelson

Vocalist, flautist

Born Tasmania, 30 August 1864
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 July 1933, in his 69th year

POLLARD, Emily Albertina

Born TAS, 9 September 1865
Died 3 September 1937

POLLARD, May Charlotte


Born Tasmania, 1 August 1868

POLLARD, Olive Pauline

Born Launceston, TAS, 18 January 1870
Died Hong Kong, 1952

POLLARD, William Thomas

Born TAS, 17 July 1871
Died Johannesburg, South Africa, 15 February 1945

POLLARD, Arthur Hayden Robert (1873-1940)


POLLARD, Ernest James Mozart (1876-1936)

POLLARD, Lillian Florence Elsie (1882-1975)



Opera company director

Born Launceston, TAS, 28 April 1857
Died Christchurch, NZ, 10 August 1922


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (17 March 1856), 3

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (31 March 1858), 3

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (14 November 1865), 5

"INSOLVENT COURT", Launceston Examiner (16 December 1865), 3

"PERJURY", Launceston Examiner (9 August 1870), 5

"OUR LAUNCESTON LETTER", The Mercury (11 February 1881), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (5 March 1881), 3

"POLLARD'S LILLIPUTIAN OPERA COMPANY", Launceston Examiner (11 March 1881), 2

"A FATAL ACCIDENT", The Mercury (3 November 1883), 2

Under this heading the Rangoon Times of the 15th September last, gives the following account of the death of a well-known Tasmanian: The good folks of Rangoon received a very painful and startling shock yesterday morning. Just about 2 o'clock the report of a pistol was heard in the British Burma Hotel, and on the inmates of the building turning out to see what was the matter, they found Mr. James Joseph Pollard, the musical director of Pollards Lilliputian Opera Company lying on his face at the head of one of the back staircases, with a revolver shot wound through his head, and a newly discharged revolver with two chambers still loaded, lying underneath him. The unfortunate man, who was quite insensible, was at once removed to his bed ... the sufferer lingered till 10 minutes past 7, when he died, not having ever once recovered consciousness in the interval. The unfortunate man's death is believed to have been purely accidental. He was somewhat addicted to toying with firearms ... Mr. Pollard was only 27 years of age. R.I.P.

"DEATH OF MR. J. POLLARD", Launceston Examiner (6 May 1884), 2 

Yesterday afternoon Mr. Sub-Inspector Sullivan received a telegram from his son, Mr. T. Sullivan, who has been the business manager for a long time past of Pollard's Liliputian [sic] Opera Troupe, stating that Mr. J. J. Pollard had died at Charters Towers, Queensland, where the company have recently been appearing. Mr. Pollard was, in failing health for some time prior to leaving India, and the death at Rangoon of his eldest son was a great blow to him. Mr. Pollard was widely known in Tasmania as he had been a resident of Launceston for some thirty years, carrying on his profession as piano forte tuner and teacher of music prior to entering into the operatic line of business. He had a very large family, some sixteen in all, whom he brought up creditably; and as a musical family we suppose they could not be equalled in the colonies. His success in the production of "Pinafore" in Launceston, with a company almost entirely composed of amateurs, led to his repeating this popular opera with a company of local juveniles with equal success, and he afterwards organised the juvenile company with which he has travelled through most of the Australian colonies, and visited India, Burmah, and Singapore, and he was returning home through Queensland at the time of his death.

[News], Australian Town and Country Journal (5 July 1884), 18

"DEATHS", The Argus (30 March 1889), 1

"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (22 August 1906), 6

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1933), 8

"THE LATE F. N. POLLARD", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1933), 8

"OBITUARY ... MR. F. N. POLLARD", The Mercury (22 July 1933), 11

Bibliography and resources:

Peter Downes, The Pollards: a family and its child and adult opera companies in New Zealand and Australia, 1880-1910 (Wellington NZ: Steele Roberts, 2002)

"Pollard, Tom", The Encyclopedia of New Zealand

Pollard's Lilliputian Opera Company

May Pollard at SL-NSW

Pollard's Lilliputian Opera Company

Pollard's Lilliputian Opera Company, Wikipedia’s_Lilliputian_Opera_Company 


Albert Francis Weippert, Emma Weippert, Lilliputian Opera Company, Alfred Hill


Amateur bass-viol player, vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1840s


"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian (1 July 1842), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (7 November 1843), 3

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 November 1843), 3

"MR. BENNETT'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (5 January 1844), 3

POOLE, George F. (Mr. G. F. POOLE; George POOLE, junior)

Lecturer on music

Died Moggill, Brisbane, NSW (QLD), 6 May 1853


Poole, a chemist and druggist, who had been based in Sydney in the late 1840s, was in Brisbane by May 1848. Also a musical enthusiast, he lectured on the "Pleasures and Advantages of Music" at the Brisbane School of Arts in 1852, assisted by John Humby.


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (27 May 1848), 3 

"MARRIED", The Moreton Bay Courier (26 May 1849), 3 

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (23 October 1852), 3

"LECTURE AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (30 October 1852), 2

"DIED", The Moreton Bay Courier (7 May 1853), 3

POOLE, W. Ebenezer

Horn player, bandsman (99th Regiment)

Born UK, c.1825
Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


Ebenezer Poole, aged 18, appears in the sick list in the surgeon's journal of the Earl Grey (arrived 1843).


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

"MISCELLANEA", The Courier (8 November 1851), 2

The final concert of a series was given at the Military Barracks by Messrs T. Martin, A. Hill, W. Bromley, and W. Poole, of the band of the 99th Regiment, on Thursday evening, before a numerous company. In front of the stage we noticed Capt. Pratt and other officers of the garrison, Mr. and Mrs. Balfe, and many ladies. The musical performance, as must be the case with military bands men, was very good, especially the opening piece, the overture to "Guy Mannering."

[Advertisement], The Courier (31 October 1855), 3


Musician, Violoncello player, double bass player, violinist

? Born England, c. 1810
Married (1) Ann SMITH, St. Luke's, Finsbury, 25 December 1830
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 4 December 1837 (with wife, per Lady Emma from London, 3 August)
Active Sydney, NSW, by February 1841
Married (2) ?, June 1842
Married (3) Mary A. E. RYAN, Sydney, NSW, 1848
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1845-53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Active Sydney, NSW, 1844


Benjamin Portbury married Ann Smith, at St. Luke's, Finsbury, London, on 25 December 1830. Having "worked eight years at the West End of London" as an upholsterer and paper hanger, Portbury sailed, with his wife, for South Australia in August 1837.

Portbury was billed a "Leader of the Orchestra" at the Theatre Royal, Adelaide in June 1838 (in succession to Philip Lee), having earlier advertised that "his present employment will enable him to devote a portion of his time" to his trade as a decorator. He was also a printer, a collecting agent for the South Australian Gazette, and honorary secretary of the Adelaide Land Company. In June 1839, he held a subscription ball, but shortly afterward absconded with funds from the land company, as was later long remembered.

Portbury was in Sydney by mid 1840, playing in the theatre orchestra, and in concerts for the Bushelles and Deanes, though apparently going by the name of "Parbury". By February 1841, with time and distance from Adelaide, he was again being listed under his own name. He also advertised again as an upholsterer in December 1841 (claiming now to have worked in the trade "for nearly twenty years in London and Paris"), and, again as an upholster, was listed insolvent in November 1842. In the meantime having worked for Luigi Dalle Case, he told the court in December:

I ascribe my insolvency to the slackness of the times . . . I hope that in time I will be able to pay all my debts . . . I can earn from £5 to £6 per week if I had the work; I have 30s, per week for playing in the orchestra in the theatre; I was married last June by Dr. Lang.

He narrowly avoided imprisonment, and went on during 1843 and 1844 playing with the theatrical band, and briefly, in June 1844, as a member of the band at George Coppin's saloon.

Portbury sailed for Melbourne in late July 1845, with the cellist John Charles Thompson, to play in the orchestra for Coppin's season at the Queen's Theatre. . There he imported a cello from London in October 1849. In Melbourne in August 1852 he was playing violin in Joseph Megson's band, and was last listed playing cello for Megson in April 1853.


? Marriages solemnized in the parish of St. Luke [Finsbury] . . . Middlesex, in the year 1830, page 148 

No. 444 / Benjamin Portbury, of this parish, bachelor / Ann Smith, of this parish, spinster / . . . Twenty-fifth day of December in the year [1830] . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (10 March 1838), 1 

B. PORTBURY, UPHOLSTERER and PAPER HANGER, Hindley-street, near Mr. Hack's, begs to inform the Inhabitants of Adelaide that his present employment will enable him to devote a portion of his time to his own business, and he flatters himself that having worked eight years at the West End of London, he will give general satisfaction. Bed and Window Draperies cut (made if required) and fixed in the first of style; Sofas, Chairs, Easy Chairs, Mattresses, &c., stuffed; Rooms papered, and Furniture repaired.

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (19 May 1838), 2 

THEATRE ROYAL, ADELAIDE . . . Tickets and places for the Boxes may be taken at the Theatre every day from ten till twelve, and from one to three o'clock; of Mr. Portbury, Hindley-street . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (16 June 1838), 1

THEATRE ROYAL, ADELAIDE. Stage and Acting Manager, Mr. EASTHER. Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. PORTBURY . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (30 June 1838), 2 

. . . AT A MEETING for the formation of the Adelaide Mechanics' Institution, on Thursday Evening the 28th inst. . . . The following Provisional Committee were appointed: . . . Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (14 July 1838), 1

ADDRESS TO HIS EXCELLENCY . . . Benjamin Portbury, printer . . .

[Colophon], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (21 July 1838), 4 

[South Australian Gazette] . . . Orders and Advertisements will be received by the following Agents: In Adelaide . . . Mr. PORTBURY, Hindley-street . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (15 September 1838), 2 

SOUTH AUSTRALIAN GAZETTE. PORTBURY having been appointed AGENT for this PAPER, begs to inform his friends and the public that he will be happy to receive and execute their orders. B. P. engages to deliver to Subscribers the Gazette within an hour of its publication. Advertisements received up to 4 o'clock Fridays. 51, Hindley-street.

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register (22 September 1838), 1 

PROSPECTUS OF THE ADELAIDE COMPANY FOR THE PURCHASE OF LAND . . . Parties wishing to become members can do so by applying to B. PORTBURY, Sec. pro tem, Hindley-street, September 22.

[Advertisement], Southern Australian (10 November 1838), 2 

To the Working Classes. THE proprietor of Country Section No. 51, (eighty acres) begs to offer it to the notice of the Working Classes. He intends to divide the said Section into eighty allotments, and to sell them at the low price of five pounds for each allotment . . . Applications for shares to be made to Mr. Wm. Edwards, Light-square; Mr. B. Portbury, 51, Hindley-street, or to Mr. Calton, Royal Admiral, Hindley-street.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (22 June 1839), 3 

To the South Australian Public. ACCUSTOMED as we have been in "merry old England" to mingle toils of the more serious duties of life with innocent and rational amusement, we have long felt that in South Australia something was wanting to the social state, and that, in the absence of the necessary means of relaxation we are found in every civilized country, we have been compelled to kill time by any means we could, and frequently in a manner at once vicious and unsatisfactory. Hitherto, in South Australia, Assembly Rooms, "conducted with decorum," have scarcely existed, but this desideratum Mr. PORTBURY hopes to supply; he has erected, in a central part of Adelaide, most spacious and convenient Rooms - has engaged the best Orchestra the province affords, and every care will be taken to ensure the respectability of the visitants.
And, although Mr. P. cannot pioneer the "gay and courtly throng" of the old country, yet he trusts to afford at his "New Assembly Rooms" every gratification to those who are fond of treading the airy mazes of the dance. In addition to periodical assemblies Mr. P. contemplates opening a Dancing School, and wishes to treat with a professional gentleman with a view to ensure his services.
"Nothing appears to me to give children so much becoming confidence and behaviour, and so to raise them to the conversation of those above their age, as 'Dancing.' I think they should be taught to dance as soon as they are capable of learning it" - LOCKE. (Thoughts concerning Education, page 71.)
Per Annum 2 0 0 Transferable; Half Year 1 1 0 Ditto; Quarter - 12 0; Single - 5 0.
The first Subscription Ball will take place on THURSDAY, June 27, 1839.
Tickets may be obtained at the Rooms on Monday next, June 24.

[News], South Australian Register (29 June 1839), 4

The first subscription ball at the Light-square Assembly Rooms, which took place on Thursday evening last, we are glad to hear was well attended. Upwards of thirty subscribers are entered. Paine's first set of quadrilles was danced twice; the Caledonians twice; the Lancers once; and several contre dances. The company were highly delighted with the amusements and refreshments of the evening, the whole reflecting great credit upon Mr. Portbury for his exertions. - From a correspondent.

See also, copied from the London papers, "DANCING IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA", South Australian Record (15 January 1840), 7 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 June 1839), 2 

LIGHT-SQUARE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, WEYMOUTH STREET, (Near the Gilles Arcade.) TO the Ladies and Gentlemen who honored with their presence the above Rooms on Thursday evening last, B. Portbury returns his sincere thanks, and hopes by continued exertions to meet the wishes of all to merit their future favors.
B. P. begs to give notice to the heads of families that a lady has entered into arrangements with him so as to begin
THE DANCING SCHOOL immediately, which will be divided into two classes, namely, under fourteen years of age, and above fourteen years.
At the request of several of the subscribers, the next Subscription Ball will take place on Wednesday, July 10, 1839 . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (10 August 1839), 3 

ADELAIDE LAND COMPANY. A GENERAL MEETING of the Shareholders in the above Company will be held on Wednesday evening next, the 14th inst., at Mr. W. H. Neale's, room, to receive the report of the Committee appointed to examine B. Portbury's accounts, and to close the affairs of the said Company. H. M. BOSWARVA. Sec'y. to the Committee.

[News], South Australian (14 August 1839), 3

Among the other public buildings in Adelaide we should like much to see a Custom House . . . Much time would be saved and inconvenience spared to our merchants, and it would scarcely be possible for a guilty individual to escape undetected from the coast, as was probably done by Portbury, late secretary to the Land Company, who together with the funds of the Company, disappeared a few weeks since.

See also this later account, "DINNER TO A. H. DAVIS, ESQ.", South Australian Register (18 July 1851), 2 

[Abraham Hopkins Davis speaking] . . . In 1839 a man named Portbury, Secretary of a Land Company, of which, with Messrs. Williams and W. H. Neale, I was a trustee, left the colony, having abstracted the funds, not one penny of which had ever passed through my hands. On enquiring at the Bank, I found there was a heavy balance against the Company, the account having been overdrawn. This balance, after the lapse of some months, Mr. Stephens, on the plea that I was the only trustee whom he could reach, debited to my account on the 31st of August, 1810, the sum being £144 15s. 3d. . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (26 May 1840), 1 

CONCERT . . . MRS. BUSHELLE has the honor to announce that her Concert will take place on TUESDAY, the 26th insant, at the THEATRE ROYAL; she will be assisted by Miss Deane, Mr. Worgan, Mr. Deane and Sons, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Sippe, Mr. Curtis, Mr. Walton, Mr. Parbury, all the Members of the Theatrical Orchestra . . .

[Advertisement], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (8 July 1840), 1 

MR. DEANE BEGS to inform his friends and the public that, under the above distinguished patronage his CONCERT of Vocal and Instrumental Music, on a very extensive scale, will take place at the Theatre Royal, on WEDNESDAY, the 8th instant. He will be assisted by Mrs. Bushelle, Madame Gautrot, Miss Deane, and Mrs. Clancy, Mr. Bushelle, Mons. Gautrot, Mr. Worgan, Mr. Wallace, Mr. E. Deane, Mr. Sippe, Mr. Curtis, Mr. Walton, Mr. Parbury, Mr. J. Deane (of Parramatta), all the members of the Theatrical.Orchestra, and several Amateurs who hate kindly offered their assistance. Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. S. W. Wallace. Conductor, Mr. Leggatt . . .

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (9 February 1841), 1 

. . . WEDNESDAY, 10th of February, 1841. M R. and MRS. BUSHELLE . . . have fixed their CONCERT for the abovenamed day . . . assisted by the Professionals of Sydney, several distinguished Vocal Amateurs, by a young Lady (a pupil of Mrs. B.), Messrs. Wallace, Leggatt, Deane and Son, Sippe, Flaherty, Portbury, Downes, Pappin, Westrop, and the rest of the Theatrical Band . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (14 December 1841), 3

Upholstery and Paperhanglng. B. PORTBURY begs to inform the inhabitants of Sydney and its vicinity, that he will be glad to attend their orders for any article in the Upholstery business, jobbing, &c., including sofas, chairs, easy chairs, ottoman, drapery, mattress, cushion, music stool, fire screen, piano front, radiated or fluted; work table, carpet, &c., on reasonable terms; and hopes from having been in the trade for nearly twenty years in London and Paris, and employed occasionally for the last two and a-half years by the first masters in Sydney, to execute any orders with satisfaction to the parties who may favor him, please address.
Upholsterer, at Mr. Whelan's, Goulburn-street.

"Theatricals", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 September 1842), 2 

. . . The following are the members of the Corps Dramatique, for the season . . . The Orchestra: Mr. W. Wallace; Mr. Wallace, sen.; Mr. Leggatt; Mr. Deane; Messrs. Deane, Pontbery [sic], Walton, O'Flaherty, Pappin, Downes, and Weston; also Mr. Gibbs, from England, who is expected daily by the Trial.

"WATCH FOUND", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 November 1842), 2 

. . . a watch, supposed to be the one stolen, was found near the spot, by Mr. Portbury, a gentleman in attached to the orchestral department of the Victorian Theatre, which watch was delivered by him to the Superintendant of Police . . .

"In the Insolvent Estate of Benjamin Portbury . . .", New South Wales Government Gazette (18 November 1842), 1726 

"EXAMINATIONS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1842), 2

In the estate of Benjamin Portbury. At a single meeting yesterday, the insolvent was called by the CHIEF COMMISSIONER, and being sworn deposed as follows: - My schedule is correct, except that Dalle Case owes me £4 17s, for balance of wages contracted since his insolvency; I ascribe my insolvency to the slackness of the times; I was in custody when I filed my schedule; I was in custody at the suit of Kemp and Fairfax; I hope that in time I will be able to pay all my debts; when I first engaged the Herald I was in good circumstances I can earn from £5 to £6 per week if I had the work - I have 30s, per week for playing in the orchestra in the theatre; I was married last June by Dr. Lang.

"INSOLVENT COURT. FRIDAY, DEC. 2", The Australian (5 December 1842), 2 

In the estate of Benjamin Portbury, a single meeting: Kemp and Fairfax, £6 9s.; R. Berry, £3 12s. 3d.; A. Lenehan, £3 14s. 2d.; William Pendray, £9. The insolvent was ordered to pay £2 per week to his creditors.

"INSOLVENCY BUSINESS . . . SUMMONS CASE", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1843), 2

In the estate of Benjamin Portbury, of Pitt-street, Sydney, a summons had been issued, on affidavit by Andrew Lenehan, trustee to the said estate, calling on the insolvent to show cause why he should not be imprisoned. The affidavit stated, that at a single meeting of the insolvent's creditors which took place on the 15th November, he agreed to pay to the said trustee the sum of £2 per week, until the whole of the claims proved against his estate were satisfied. That more than three weeks have elapsed since the said agreement, but that the deponent has received no payments from him, except an order for £1 which had not been honoured, although the insolvent, in a note appended to the affidavit, admitted that at the termination of the first week after the said agreement he had earned £4 1s. for that week. The affidavit also went on to state, that the deponent had lately applied at two establishments where the insolvent lately worked, and was informed that work had been waiting on him to finish for some time past and he could not be found. The deponent also saith, "that he is fully convinced the insolvent can pay the instalments agreed on if he was compollod, particularly as he has no family, so far as the deponent knows."
The insolvent appeared in answer to the affidavit, and read a paper stating that he was not regularly employed, nor yet regularly paid, and had only received one payment since the said undertaking to pay £2 per week had been entered into by him. The Court having been informed by the CHIEF COMMISSIONER that, independent of his earnings as a tradesman, the insolvent was in the recepti of 30s. per week for his services as a musician in the theatre, ordered a warrant for his committal to be made out, but the execution of it was to be delayed so long as the insolvent paid £l per week into the Commissioner's office - the money to be paid every Monday before twelve o'clock.
The insolvent enquired if he would be permitted to give orders on his employers for the payment of the instalments, but his Honor told him that he must exert himself and get the money by the time fixed, or the warrant would be put in force against him, and if he once got into gaol, there was no means of his getting out again without payment of the whole claims proved against him.

[Advertisement], The Weekly Register of Politics, Facts and General Literature (25 May 1844), 609 

AUSTRALIAN PHILHARMONIC CONCERTS. The First PHILHARMONIC CONCERT in this Colony will take place at the ROYAL HOTEL, on WEDNESDAY next, May the 29th, 1844.
PART I. Overture - "Euridice" - Gluck . . .
PART II. Overture - " Griselda" Cimarosa . . .
Principal Violin and Leader, Mr. S. W. Wallace; Principal Violincello, Mr. Thompson; Principal Tenor, Mr. Walton; Double Bass, Mr. Portbury; Principal Second Yiolin, Mr. O'Flaherty; Conductor, Mr. Nathan, who will preside at the Pianoforte . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1844), 4

COPPIN'S LARGE SALOON . . . ON SATURDAY EVENING, June 15th, and the following week, THE QUADRILLE BAND will play several Airs, Overtures, &c. Pianist, Mr. Fillmore; Flute, Mr. Westrop, First Violin, Mr. Wilson; Second Violin, Mr. Dodd; violoncello Mr. Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1844), 3

AUSTRALIAN PHILHARMONIC CONCERTS . . . The Fourth Weekly . . . THIS EVENING, the 26th June . . . The Vocal and Instrumental Department, with the exception of Mrs. Bushelle, Mrs. Ximenes, Mrs. Portbury, Mrs. Jervis, and other Professional Talent already engaged, sustained by Amateurs, who have kindly volunteered their services . . . LEADER - Mr. Edwards; First violin, Mr. Wilson; second violins, Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Guerin; principal tenor, Mr. Walton; principal flute, Mr. Wallace, Sen.; principal violoncello, Mr. Thompson; oboe, Mr.Leggatt; double bass, Mr. Portbury; conductor, Mr. Nathan, who will preside at the pianoforte . . .

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1845), 2

July 29. - Christina, brig, Captain Saunders, for Port Phillip. Passengers - Mr. J. Kay, Mr. W. Pond. Messrs. Palliser, Thompson, Portbury, and Vine.

"Shipping Intelligence. ARRIVED", The Melbourne Courier (15 August 1845), 2 

August l3. - Christina, brig, 126 tons, Saunders, master, from Sydney. Passengers - Messrs. Pullen, Thompson, and Portbury.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (15 August 1845), 3 

QUEEN'S THEATRE ROYAL . . . MR. COPPIN Most respectfully informs the Inhabitants of Port Phillip he has entered into an arrangement with the Proprietor (Mr. J. Smith), to open the above Theatre for a SHORT SEASON, ON SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 16th, 1845 . . . Orchestra: Messrs. Megson, H. Howson, A. Howson. Stanby, Hully, Thompon, (from Sydney,) Portbury, (from Sydney,) Coal, McDonald . . .

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (17 May 1848), 3 

Under the distinguished Patronage of the Loyal and Independent Order of ODD FELLOWS, Of the Duke of York Lodge.
MESSRS. SEARLE AND PORTBURY HAVE the honor to inform their friends aud the public, that their Joint Benefit will take place THIS EVENING, on which occasion care has been taken to select that only which is within the capabilities of the company; they trust, therefore, to give that, satisfaction which has always been their study to obtain.
The evening's entertainments will commence with the interesting Drama, entitled
In the course of the piece, will be exhibited A Fall of Real Water.
After which, An entire new Dance - Mr. Chambers.
Violin Solo ("The Groves of Blarney," with variatious- Berbiguier) - by BROTHER B. PORTBURY.
"Swiss Toy Girl," - MISS SEARLE.
Comic Dance - Master Chambers.
The whole to conclude with an historical Drama, in two acts, entitled
No Smoking Allowed.
J. T. SMITH, Proprietor.

[Advertisement], The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (5 August 1848), 3 

FRIENDSHIP, LOVE, AND TRUTH. The Melbourne Duke of York Lodge . . . B. PORTBURY, Secretary . . .

"IMPORTS", The Argus (13 October 1849), 2

October 12. - "Louisa Bailie," ship, from Adelaide - Original cargo from London . . . 1 case containing a violincello, Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 July 1852), 3 

MR. REED Has the honor to announce to the Gentry and the Public of Melbourne and its environs, that a GRAND MORNING DRESS CONCERT, wiil take place at the Mechanics' Institution, on Saturday, 3rd July, 1852, at Two o'clock, Principal Vocal and Instrumental Performs: Mrs Testar, Mons Del Sarte, Mr. Cooze, Mr. Megson, Mr. Buddee, Mr. Wheeler, Herr Mater Mr. Thompson, Mr. Portbury, &c. &c. The Orchestra will be numerous and efficient, led by Mr. Megson; conducted by Mr. Reed.
PROGRAMME. PART I. Overture - Semiramide - Rossini . . .
PART II. Overture - Preciosa - Weber . . .
PART III. Overture - Guy Mannering - H. R. Bishop . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 July 1852), 5 

QUEEN'S THEATRE, Saturday Evening Concerts. MR. MEGSON has the honor to announce . . . The first Concert will take place THIS EVENING, JULY 31.
Principal Vocal Performers - Madame Francesca Allen, Mr. Young, Mr. Cooze, Mrs. J. P. Hydes, Mr. Charles Walsh, and Mr. Wheeler.
Pnncipal Instrumental Performers - Violins, Mr. Megson, Mr. Osborne, Mr. Portbury; Viola, Mr. Jenkins; Violoncello, Mr Thompson; Flautist, Mr. Cooze; Cornet a Piston, Mr. Wheeler; Contra Bassi, Mr. Tanter, Herr Ziegler; Clarionet, Mr. Hobson. Leader and Conductor - Mr Megson. Pianiste - Mrs Wheeler.
PROGRAMME. PART I. Overture - "Les Diamans de la Couronne," full band - AUBER . . .
PART II. Overture - "l'Italiani in Algieri", full band - ROSSINI . . .
PART III. Overture - "Sargino", full band - PAER . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 August 1852), 3

QUEEN'S THEATRE, Saturday Evening Concerts . . . August 7 . . . Violins, Mr. Megson, Mr. Osborne, Mr. Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 August 1852), 5 

PART I. Overture - Don Pasquale, Full Band - Donizetti . . .
PART II. Overture - Sadak and Kalasrade, Full Band - Packer . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 March 1853), 8 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. Thursday Weekly Concert. Mr. MEGSON, Leader. Principal Vocal Performers: - Soprano, Mrs. Testar; Tenori, Mons. Barre and Mr. Huxly; Basso, Mr. Bancroft. Principal Instrumental Performers - Messrs. Megeon, Reed, Cooze, Johnson, Chapman, Hardman, Portbury, &c., with several of the Band of the 40th Regiment. Mr. Buddee, Pianist . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 April 1853), 3 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. Thursday Weekly Concerts, under the direction of MR. MEGSON. ON THURSDAY NEXT, 7th APRIL . . . Violoncello - Mr. Portbury . . .


. . . Tuesday, 12th April, 1853. IN RE WILLIAM CUNNINGHAM . . . a witness named Benjamin Portbury was examined, who proved, that in September last he managed insolvent's business . . . Witness went to Kyneton on the 2nd September, and remained there until the end of November . . . Witness is not going to Port Fairy immediately. Mr. Sandwell objected, and the witness in explanation stated that only for this examination he would now be in Port Fairy . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 April 1853), 3 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE.THURSDAY WEEKLY CONCERTS. Under the Direction of Mr. Megson. On THURSDAY NEXT, 14th APRIL . . . Violincello, Mr. Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 April 1853), 12

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. THURSDAY WEEKLY CONCERTS. Under the direction of Mr MEGSON. On Thursday next, April 21 . . . Violincello - Mr. Portbury . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 April 1856), 10 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. Thursday Weekly Concert . . . Principal Instrumental Performers - . . . Portbury, &c. . . .

"DISTRICT COURT", The Argus (29 January 1856), 6 

. . . Mary Portbury, suspected of lunacy, was remanded for seven days for medical treatment . . .

PORTER, William A. (William A. PORTER; Mr. W. A. PORTER)

Minstrel, serenader, agent

Born Hartford, Conn., USA, 4 May 1822
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 October 1855 (per Audobon, from San Francisco, 9 August, and Honolulu, 8 September)
Departed Sydney, NSW, ? July 1857
Died Johnsonburg, NY, USA, 18 January 1907 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 June 1856), 10

This building, lately devoted to terpsichorean pursuits, and for some time nightly the resort of the Cyprian and the votary of dissipation, has thrown open its doors for the admission of that numerous portion of our population who appreciate "the concord of sweet sounds." Hence the performances of the Ethiopian Serenaders have done "the state some service," and we trust in thus providing an amusement less objectionable than that furnished by a cheap and demoralising casino, that they have met reward for their enterprise. The company of minstrels are the elite of Rainer's and the New York Serenaders. The corps also number among its members Messrs. W. A. Porter and D. F. Boley, late of "the Backus Minstrels." The entertainments consist of songs, duers, and choruses; and a great attraction is the exquisite performance of Mr. Neil Bryant on the flutina; during the week his solos from Norma, and his rendering of the plaintive airs of "Love Not" and "The Last Rose of Summer," drew forth the warmest tokens of approbation from select and numerous audiences.

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 38-39

William A. Porter, one of the earliest members of E. P. Christy's Minstrels, made his first theatrical appearance as a supernumary in the old Chatham Theatre, New York, in the fall of 1841. His debut as a black-face performer occurred in the Spring of 1844 with the Clark Brothers Panorama Show. Mr. Porter made his first appearance with E. P. Christy's Minstrels at the Eagle Street Theatre, Buffalo, N. Y., April 5, 1845. February 15. 1847, he opened with the company at Mechanic's Hall, New York, and remained there until 1853, after which, in the Fall of that year, he became a member of George Christy and Henry Wood's Minstrels. Mr. Porter subsequently went to California and identified himself with Backus' Minstrels there. Early in 1855 he rejoined E. P. Christy's Company in San Francisco, acting as business manager. In August, same year, he set sail for Australia with Backus' Minstrels; he remained in that country until 1859, during which period he engaged in mining and mercantile pursuits, as well as following his profession. Mr. Porter returned to New York about September, 1870, later making his home at Johnsonburg, N. Y., where he died January 18, 1906. William A. Porter was born in Hartford, Conn., May 4, 1822.


Songwriter, lyricist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 December 1855
Departed for Britain, by 1887
Died Norwich, England, 8 January 1891, in her 81st year (NLA persistent identifier)


One of the NLA's digitised copies of the 1872 reprint of Advance Australia has attached to it an unidentified article Postle wrote that included autobiographical details and texts of several songs.


"FEMININE NOTES", The Brisbane Courier (24 October 1887), 3

Mrs. Eliza Postle, whom many of our readers may remember as the author of the song "Advance, Australia," has written to the Queenslander as follows: "After a residence of over twenty-five years in the colonies I returned to England, and have had the honour to receive the Queen's acceptance of my "Jubilee Tribute," a copy of which I send you.

"Deaths", The Argus (19 February 1891), 1

POSTLE. - On the 8th ult., at Norwich, England, Mrs. Eliza Postle, late of Melbourne, in her 81st year.


Advance Australia (words by Eliza Postle, music by S. Nelson)

The Bivouac (war song, 1866) 

Blue Jackets 

Comrades to arms (volunteer war song written by Eliza Postle; composed by J. Summers) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Eliza Postle", AustLit

POTTER, Samuel

Town crier, cryer (Sydney), convict

Died Sydney, NSW, 6 August 1811


[Notice], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 August 1811), 1

HIS Excellency the Governor has been pleased to appoint John Bingham to be Public Town Cryer at Sydney, in the room of Samuel Potter, deceased.

Bibliography and resources:

Michael Flynn, The Second Fleet: Britain's grim convict armada of 1790 (Library of Australian History, 1993), 475, 483, 597

POUNSETT, Henry Rothwell

Amateur musician, organist, composer

Born London, England, 10 June 1810; baptised St. Mary, Battersea, 4 July 1810
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1839 (per Seppings)
Died Willunga, SA, 27 July 1891, aged 82 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

POUNSETT, Eleanor Maud

Amateur composer

Active Adelaide, SA, 1887


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 April 1841), 2

"TO CORRESPONDENTS", South Australian (4 February 1845), 2

"VOLUNTEER'S SONG", The South Australian Advertiser (9 November 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (9 November 1860), 1

"COLONIAL MUSIC", South Australian Register (26 December 1861), 5

"MUSICAL", South Australian Register (23 May 1865), 2

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (13 August 1867), 2

The entertainment closed with a burlesque opera, "The Black Brigade", written by Mr. Diamond, the music being arranged and partly composed by Mr. H. Pounsett. This caused great diversion, and gave opportunity also for the introduction of some well-known opera music. The "Soldiers' Chorus" (Faust) was well sung until towards the close of it, when some of the notes got astray, and the last bar or two was scrambled through. On the whole, however, the singing was good, and all present went away, apparently well pleased ...

[News], South Australian Weekly Chronicle (17 August 1867), 7

"THE ORIGINAL AMATEUR CHRISTY MINSTRELS", South Australian Register (15 December 1868), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 February 1869), 1

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (11 February 1869), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (10 July 1869), 1

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (16 August 1869), 2

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (24 February 1885), 4

"MUSICAL", South Australian Register (11 July 1887), 4

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (4 August 1891), 3

"THE LATE MR. H. R. POUNSETT", South Australian Register (4 August 1891), 3

Another pioneer has passed away in the late Mr. Henry Rothwell Pounsett, whose death, at the age of eighty-two, took place at Willunga on Monday, July 27. The deceased arrived in June, 1839, in the passenger-ship Seppings, and started farming on a large scale, which, however, proved a failure owing to stagnation of trade. After that he followed the legal profession, but was again unsuccessful in consequence of previous losses. In 1859 the late gentleman joined the Civil Service, and in 1861 was appointed Post and Telegraph Stationmaster at Willunga, in which position he remained and performed his duties till within ten days of his death. Being of a retiring disposition, the late Mr. Pounsett did not enter into public matters, although by his many kindnesses he was beloved by every one in Willunga and its neighbourhood. The deceased gentleman for a number of years occupied the position of honorary organist at St. John's and St. Paul's Churches in Adelaide. He was the son of the late Mr. Henry Rothwell Pounsett, of Surrey, England, an uncle of Grant Malcolmson, who won the Victoria Cross for saving the life of a brother officer in the Indian War, a picture of whom was exhibited in the Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition, and also an uncle of the present Lord Erskine, of Restormel Castle, Cornwall.

Musical works:

Hail to the riflemen (volunteer's song; words: Donald McLeod) (Adelaide: W. H. Hillier, 1860) 

The Herald polka, The Adelaide Musical Herald 1/2 (16 January 1863), 13

Wedding hymn (poetry by J. Fawsett; music by H. Pounsett) (Adelaide: B. Sander, 1865) 

Faust (operatic burlesque) (... written by Mr. A. Diamond, the music being composed and arranged by Mr. Pounsett) [August 1867; December 1868; February 1869]

You'll remember me; or The magic cup ("song from the burlesque opera Faust") (Adelaide: Sims & Elliott, 1869) 

Robinson Crusoe (pantomime, 1870)

The Exhibition polka (by E. Maud Norton [E. M. Pounsett]) ([Adelaide, 1887]) 

POUSSARD, Horace Remi

Violinist, composer, music teacher

Born Château-Gontier, France, ? 11 June 1829
Arrived (1) Melbourne, August 1861; departed Melbourne, 26 July 1864 (per Bombay, for Point de Galle)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, August 1883; arrived (3), 1886
Died Sydney, NSW, 12 September 1898, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



[News], The Argus (19 August 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (10 June 1862), 1

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (19 June 1862), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 November 1863), 1

[Shipping], The Australian News for Home Readers (25 August 1864), 15

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (23 July 1883), 4

[News], The Argus (24 August 1883), 4

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1898), 1

"DEATH OF M. POUSSARD", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1898), 5

Amateurs of music will learn with regret of the death of M. Horace Poussard, the well-known violinist, which occurred at his residence, in the Now South Head-road, about 8 o'clock last night. M. Poussard was almost to the last in active work, as he gave a lesson to a pupil on Saturday evening, and then at midnight had an apoplectic seizure, which rendered him unconscious until his death ...  M. Horace Poussard formed a link with a very interesting musical past, which takes us back to the days of Habeneck, the famous French violinist (born 1781), who numbered amongst his pupils at the Paris Conservatorium such great artists as Alard, Clapiscon, and Leonard. Somewhere in the twenties Charles Poussard distinguished himself under Habeneck's tuition, and early in 1849, the year of the great maestro's death, Horace Poussard, son of the abovementioned, joined Habeneck's class, and carried off the first prize for violin. Horace Poussard, who was born about 1827 at Chateau-Gontier, Mayenne province, France, was then transferred to the care of Professor Dolphin Alard, who was then, and remained so for nearly 20 years later, the great representative of the French school of violin playing. At the end of his three years' study at the Conservatoire Poussard took first prize, and he then travelled for five years through Germany, Hungury, Greece, and Turkey. Subsequently he toured through England (where be played before the Queen), Australia, New Zealand, Ceylon, Mauritius, India, and the Cape of Good Hope. M. Poussard's first tour in Australia, about 30 years ago, was under Mr. B. S. Smythe's management, who at the same time introduced Rene Douay, the celebrated 'cellist. The pair starred [in] New Zealand and Tasmania successfully, but on their reappearance in Melbourne, where they were engaged by Barry Sullivan to play solos between the tragedy and the farce at the leading playhouse, Douay suddenly went mad, and the tour terminated. Accordingly in 1869, M. Poussard was again in Paris, where he appeared with Signor Bottesini, the great contra-bassist, before the Empress Eugenie.  This concert, the last he gave at Paris before the war, led to the publication in a Paris paper of a cartoon, in which Paganini rose from his tomb to congratulate his successor. This cartoon was reproduced by the Sydney "Bulletin" in 1883. From 1870 to 1879 Poussard directed the orchestra of the Boulogne Casino, previously controlled by Alexandre Guilmant, the great French organist, and in 1886 he returned to Australia and settled permanently in Sydney. His style, which was essentially French and marked by much brilliancy, won him great popularity on the platform, and he did excellent work here, not only as a teacher, but as leader of the Beethoven quartette in connection with the Orpheus Society, and as leader of the Sydney quintette of which Mme. Charbonnet Kellermann was the pianist. Latterly the deceased appeared but seldom in public. In private life he was genial and vivacious, and was widely esteemed in artistic circles ...

Musical works:

The dead heroes ("Grand musical drama", "musical poem", composed in memory of Burke and Wills, and dedicated to John McDougall Stuart) [June 1862]

Song of Australia (duet [for violin and cello?]) [November 1863]

Musical works by Fred. Packer "with violin obligato as played by Poussard":

Unforgotten (words: Frances Nicholson) (Hobart: J. Walch & Sons, [1893]) 

Thou comest not back again ("waiting, watching, longing") (words: Adam Lindsay Gordon) (Hobart: J. Walch & Sons, [1893]) 

Ave Maria (preghiera for soprano with violin obbligato) (Hobart: J. Walch & Sons, [1893]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Peggy Lais, "Horace Poussard and Dead Heroes: a musical tribute to Burke and Wills", Context: Journal of Music Research 23 (Autumn 2002), 23-32

Horrie Poussard, "Horace Remi Poussard: 19th century travelling violinist", Explorations 42 (June 2007), 27-34 

POWELL, Septimus (Edwward Septimus POWELL)

Songwriter, surf-swimmer, pharmacist

Active Paddington, NSW, by 1885
Died Bondi, NSW, 3 February 1912, in his 54th year


"PADDINGTON", Evening News (16 September 1885), 6

"MUSIC. CONCERTS, &c.", The Australasian (26 June 1897), 35

Rouse ye Britons is the title of a patriotic song, words and music by Mr. E. Septimus Powell, of this city, that has been forwarded to me. It is dedicated, by permission, to Major-General Sir Charles Holled-Smith, K.C.M.G., C.B., and the sentiment conveyed in the words is entirely in touch with the feelings of loyalty that have found such emphatic expression during this week.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 February 1912), 8

POWER, Bartholomew Hyacinth

Priest, Dominican friar, musician, composer

Born Ireland, 1 January 1827 (brother of the below)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1857
Died Geelong, VIC, 6 August 1869, aged 42


"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (1 October 1868), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 February 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1869), 9

[News], The Argus (11 August 1869), 5

Mr. Power was a native of the city of Cork, born in 1826 [?1827], under the shadow of Shandon bells. At an early age, he went to the Dominican Convent of Corpo-Santo, in Lisbon, where he distinguished himself in his studies. For several years he shed a lustre on the order to which he belonged in his native city, by his eloquence in the pulpit and his genial manner in the social circle. His naturally delicate constitution was sorely tried by the severe winters of Ireland, and he resolved to seek a sunnier and more genial clime. He arrived here early in 1858 [?1857]. The funeral of the late Rev. B. H. Power, for magnitude and solemnity, surpassed any previous one in Geelong, at all events. The procession, which left St. Mary's after the solemn mass for the dead, could not have numbered less than three thousand, and the concourse of townspeople on either side to the cemetery numbered about two thousand more ... Arrived at the cemetery, the coffin was borne to the vault beneath the mortuary chapel, and here, with the orphan children ranged on either side, the final service was "chaunted".

"DEATH OF THE REV. FATHER B. H. POWER", Portland Guardian (12 August 1869), 2

... It will be a sad loss to the musical world, for he was quite a musical genius, and his compositions can be found scattered about in both the Old World and the New ...

[News], The Queenslander (28 August 1869), 11

James Hogan, The Irish in Australia (1887), 104

...a highly-accomplished Irish priest, the Rev. B. H. Power, one of the most accomplished preachers the Victorian church has possessed, a musician and composer of acknowledged attainments, and in his younger days a skilful editor of the Sydney Freeman's Journal.

Musical works:

Norah Mullane ("Irish ballad, written and composed expressly for Miss Rosina Carandini, by the late Rev. B. H. Power (Geelong, Victoria)") (Melbourne: Wilkie, Webster, & Allan, [c.1869]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Hugh Fenning, "Irishmen ordained at Lisbon, 1740-1850", Collectanea Hibernica 36/37 (1994/1995), 140-158

POWER, Bartholomew Hyacinth OP. T. and MO. 11 April 1846. SD. 2 June 1849. Ord. bp Barco. D. 23 Feb. 1850. Ord. bp Rodrigues da Silva. No indication of place. [Died in Australia, 1869.]

POWER, William Pierce


Born Cork, Ireland (brother of the above)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Died Echuca, VIC, 22 October 1877 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION", The Argus (16 July 1853), 11 

. . . Mr. William Power, who made his debut at Mrs. Hancock's concert, sang a solo from Handel, which was given in a masterly style that justifies us in saying, he promises to be a valuable acquisition to the musical profession in Melbourne . . .

"SANDRIDGE", The Banner (19 August 1853), 10 

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. W. POWER", The Argus (8 April 1858), 5 

Last evening a complimentary benefit concert was given at the Mechanics' Institute to Mr. W. Power, a principal member of the choir of the church of St. Francis, Elizabeth street. The audience was numerous, and appeared highly satisfied with the entertainment. Madame Carandini, an old and highly esteemed favorite of the Melbourne public, contributed her valuable services, and was well supported by the bénéficiaire, Signor Grossi, Herr Koehler, Mr. Percival, and others. The programme had the merit of being well-selected, and not too long. Madame Carandini was in excellent voice, and sang several ballads in a style which could not easily have been excelled. This lady at time takes people by surprise, and we confess we should not be sorry to hear her in Italian opera. The buffo duet "Quanta Amore," which she sang with Signor Grossi, met with a deserved encore; but in "Coming thro' the Rye," "Molly Asthore,” and the "Last Rose of Summer," she was still more successful. Linley's beautiful ballad, "I cannot mind my wheel, mother," was another treat. Herr Koehler gave a clever performance on the French flageolet. Mr. Power sang "The harp that once thro' Tara's Halls" with much feeling and expression. Mr. Percival, who possesses a good tenor voice, but is rather deficient in style at present, sang "My pretty Jane" in a manner which afforded a promise of better things. Mr. Lavenu presided at the pianoforte, and rendered valuable assistance as accompanyist. We must not forget Signor Grossi, whose version of "Mei Rampoli" was highly diverting.

"PROMINENT TOPICS", Advocate (2 November 1872), 10 

We learn on good authority that Mr. Wm. Pierse Power, accountant of the Band and Albion Consols Company (and better known to the Ballarat public as one who has long correctly rendered sacred music), has at least as good a chance as any one else of falling in for the long disputed fortune left by the Russian general, Maurice de Lacy Pierse. A paragraph with reference to this fortune is at present going "the rounds" of the Victorian press ...


Flutina player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Vocalist, banjo player (New Orleans Serenaders)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852-53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (14 February 1852), 3

ROYAL HOTEL. New Orleans Serenaders.
THE above Company beg most respectfully to inform the Public that they will make their FIRST APPEARANCE in the SALOON of the Royal Hotel, on MONDAY Evening, Feb. 16, when they trust the Programme selected will meet with the approbation of those who may honor them with their patronage.
The following gentlemen constitute the company:
Flutina - G. Price.
Guitar - J. W. Sandford.
First Banjo - W. Harrington.
Second Banjo - J. F. Price.
Tambourine - W. Newton.
Bones - J. P. Hall.
Doors open at Half-past 7; to commence at 8 o'clock precisely.
Reserved Seats, 2s.; Back Seats, 1s.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1853), 3

HOWARD'S SERENADERS . . . PART II. Solo Banjo - W.Howson; Solo - Guitar, Spanish Retreat - J. F. Price; Solo Flutina - G. B. Howard . . .

PRICE, Henry Francis

Lecturer on music, vocal instructor (Hullah's system)

Born c. 1829
Died Whyte Yarcowie, SA, 1 September 1881, in his 53rd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PRICE, Mary Frances (Mrs. Henry F. PRICE)

Composer, teacher of pianoforte, singing and composition, school-teacher

Born c.1834
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 13 June 1857 (per Adele, from London, 28 February)
Died Adelaide, SA, 4 September 1915, in her 82nd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The Prices arrived in Adelaide in 1857. Both were active musically from 1860, when Henry started a Hullah vocal class, and Mary advertised as a music teacher. Henry being a member of the volunteer Kent Rifles, Mary's only published composition The Kent Rifles polka ("dedicated to Captain Herford by Mrs. Henry F. Price") was published by Penman & Galbraith also in 1860. Mrs. Price's polka, along with other Adelaide volunteer pieces, were lampooned by Robert Harrison, in his Colonial sketches (1862).

In 1863 Henry was engaged by the South Australian Institute as its vocal instructor, and in 1864 gave a lecture "The progress of music ... (With vocal illustrations by the Upper Hullah Class)". An accountant by profession, Henry was newly insolvent in July 1865. However, in December 1868:

A complimentary concert to Mrs. H. F. Price was given in the Town Hall, Norwood ... The baton was ably wielded by Mr. Henry Francis Price, who for several years past has made strenuous endeavours to popularize music in the metropolis by his Hullah Classes at the South Australian Institute.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (15 June 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (24 February 1860), 1

"MUSIC", South Australian Register (3 August 1860), 3

"THE KENT RIFLE POLKA", The South Australian Advertiser (4 August 1860), 2

"ERRATUM", The South Australian Advertiser (6 August 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (21 August 1860), 1

"COLONIAL MUSIC", South Australian Register (26 December 1861), 5

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE QUARTERLY SOIREE", The South Australian Advertiser (29 September 1863), 3

"SHAKSPEARE TERCENTENARY COMMEMORATION", South Australian Register (26 April 1864), 7

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (14 October 1864), 3

"WEEK'S INSOLVENTS", South Australian Register (21 July 1865), 2

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The South Australian Advertiser (29 August 1865), 3

"BENEFIT CONCERT", South Australian Register (5 December 1868), 2

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (14 September 1881), 2s

"PERSONAL", The Mail (4 September 1915), 5

"DEATHS", The Register (9 September 1915), 11

Bibliography and resources:

Robert Harrison, Colonial Sketches: or, Five years in South Australia, with hints to capitalists and emigrants (London: Hall, Virtue, and Co., 1862), 106

... When the Volunteer movement reached Australia it became the fashion for one or two enterprising people to publish a little music adapted to the cause, such as the Adelaide Drum Polka, dedicated to Capt. Turncoat; and the Bugle Rifle Galop, dedicated to Capt. Crawler (by special request); and a waltz ... copied note for note from one of Strauss' the colonial composer, not taking the trouble even to alter the key or change a note of the music ...


Secretary (Australian Harmonic Club)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1845-46


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1846), 1

[Advertisement], The Australian (20 June 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (9 July 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1846) 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald  (3 November 1846), 1

Disambiguation: Not the Pitt-street engraver, John Price, who died in July 1844, aged 40


Church musician, convict

Active Windsor, NSW, 1824
Died Windsor, NSW, 15 June 1856


John Primrose, 31 December 1824, paid from the Colonial Fund for performing sacred music at Windsor Church; NSW, Colonial Secretary's papers, special bundles, 1794-1825, 418 

"DISBURSEMENTS. ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 October 1825), 1

Windsor Church . . . John Primrose, for performing sacred music, July 7 . . . [0] 10 0

Bibliography and resources:

PRINCE, Henry (Sergeant)

Cornet player, bandsman, bandmaster (Band of the 12th Regiment)

Born Gibraltar, Spain, 22 March 1827
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 19 October 1854 (per Camperdown, with the regiment)
Died Waratah, NSW, 22 April 1872 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 12th Regiment


Sergeant Henry Prince was a member of Douglas Callen's band of the 12th Regiment, and, according to a much later recollection (1917), was "considered an excellent cornetist, and was dubbed the 'Prince of cornet players'." Like Callen, he was apparently free to take on a variety of freelance musical engagements in Melbourne in 1855. At a Grand Fancy Ball in Hobart in September 1857, "The chamber band of the 12th Regiment, led by Mr. Prince, were stationed in the gallery".

He replaced Callen as bandmaster (or at least conductor) of the 12th in 1862. While still in the regiment, he was also bandmaster of the No. 1 Battery of Volunteer Artillery, Sydney, in May 1862. He was bandmaster of the Volunteer Rifles Band in Rockhampton, Queensland in 1865, and from 1867 until his death in 1872 was bandmaster of the West Maitland Volunteer Rifles.


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 February 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 April 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 June 1855), 8

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (19 July 1855), 5

"TASMANIA", Empire (9 October 1857), 3

"ST. BENEDICT'S CATHOLIC YOUNG MEN'S SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1859), 5

"VOLUNTEER CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1862), 5

"CONCERT AT BALMAIN", Empire (14 May 1862), 5

"BOTANIC GARDENS", Empire (8 July 1862), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (9 June 1863), 1

"OUTER DOMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 August 1863), 5

[News], Rockhampton Bulletin (10 August 1865), 2

"THE CORPORATION BALL", Rockhampton Bulletin (28 September 1865), 3

"WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER RIFLES", The Maitland Mercury (26 March 1868), 4

"WESLEYAN SCHOOL CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (18 July 1871), 2 

. . . Master C. Prince played a solo on the cornet in a style that betrayed the painstaking instruction of his father, Mr. Henry Prince, and which foreshadows no mean proficiency on the instrument at a future day. Miss Prince played the accompaniments on the piano, and acquitted herself in this difficult task to admiration . . .

"DEATH OF MR. PRINCE, THE LATE WELL-KNOWN BANDMASTER", The Newcastle Chronicle (23 April 1872), 3

"DEATH OF MR. PRINCE, THE LATE WELL-KNOWN BANDMASTER", The Newcastle Chronicle (27 April 1872), 7

"WARATAH. OBITUARY OF THE LATE MR. PRINCE", The Newcastle Chronicle (27 April 1872), 6

Henry Prince, whose untimely death from injuries received by a fall from his horse on Saturday last, and whose funeral, with military honours, you have published an account of during the week, was born on the 22nd March, 1827, at Gibraltar, in Spain, his father, also named Henry, being bandmaster of the 12th Regiment of infantry.

At a very early age, the late Mr. Prince appears to have been passionately fond of music, and soon showed great aptitude for performing upon several instruments with great skill and excellence; so that here we have an instance of the inheritance and acquirement of musical powers in a professor who has ranked far above the common. At 19 years of age, he was bandmaster of his regiment, and was called the youngest bandmaster in the British army. As the following copy of his discharge will show somewhat of his history, I have copied it from the original, in possession of his widow:

"Discharge.- 1st Battalion, 12th Regiment of Infantry.- These are to certify that 1407 Sergeant Henry Prince was born in the parish of Gibraltar, near the town of Gibraltar, in the kingdom of Spain; was enlisted at Brecon for the 12th Regiment of Infantry, on the 6th day of November, 1839, at the ago of 13 years. He has served in the army for 19 years and 155 days- at the Cape of Good Hope, 94 days; at the Mauritius, 4 years and 210 days; and in the Australian colonies, 9 years and 257 days, being discharged in consequence of being unfit for further military service.- JOHN F. KEMP, 12th Foot.- Dated at Sydney, N.S.W., 8th December, 1863.- Horse Guards, 12th day of April, 1864. - F. H. TIDY, Assistant Adjutant-General." "Character.- His character has been exemplary.- JOHN FRANCIS KEMP."

Going out to the Mauritius in 1842 to relieve the 87th, and calling at the Cape for water and provisions, the Kaffirs had just rebelled; they were kept at the Cape for 94 days; then went on to the Island of Mauritius, and arrived 11th June, 1842, at Port Louis; remaining there nearly five years; from thence to Portsmouth, for home service, and was quartered in Ireland; leaving England in 1854 for the Australian colonies. During his residence in Ireland he became a member of the Most Ancient and Right Worshipful Lodge of St. John, Lodge No. 3, Belfast Co. Antrim, of True and Accepted Masons, holding a certificate on parchment, written in English and Latin, and registered 15th, Nov., 1853; year of masonry, 5853. During his service in Tasmania, he was presented with an address, drawn out in parchment; as follows:

"Presented to Sergeant Henry Prince, of the 12th Regiment Band, by the members of the United Victoria and Hope of Rechab Band: - "Dear Sir - We, the undersigned members of the above band, desire to express our deep regret at your unexpected departure from amongst us, and wish most heartily to thank you for the patient and unremitting attention bestowed on us during the time you have so efficiently and satisfactorily been our instructor, and we take the opportunity of assuring you that your kind and gentlemanly manner will ever be remembered by us. In taking leave of you then, we would express our earnest hope that in the colony to which you are going, you may enjoy that best of blessings, health, and that all temporal and spiritual prosperity may be yours. With our best, wishes for yourself, Mrs. Prince, and family, we beg to subscribe ourselves, dear Sir, your affectionate pupils, [here follows fifteen signatures.] - JOHN CAREW, secretary, Hobart Town, Tasmania, April 6th, 1858."

Mr. Prince was married in 1853 to Miss Lucy Laurence, daughter of the Lieutenant and Adjutant of the 12th Regiment, who had been born in the regiment, the same as himself; he was sergeant in the band at a very early age, and has been instructor of twenty bands- the Naval Brigade of Newcastle being the last of the twenty. At West Maitland, while instructor of the volunteer band, and about to leave for Waratah, they presented him with a silver cornet, mounted with gold, costing twelve guineas. He has been teaching successively the following bands in the district, namely: - Waratah, Wallsend, Lambton, Artillery and Naval Brigade Newcastle, and the volunteer band at West Maitland.

He leaves a widow and six children, the oldest being about sixteen years and the youngest about two years, there being only one son and five daughters. He was an amiable, gentlemanly man, passionately fond of his family, was always pleasant and humourous, and has left many sad friends to mourn his untimely end. On leaving the army he was admitted an out pensioner of her Majesty's Royal Hospital at Chelsea on the 12th of - April, 1864, at a pension of one shilling and sixpence per day, which will, of course, die with his death. As stated at the inquest, Mr. Prince was a member of the Sons of Temperance benefit society, Waratah, from whence his widow will be entitled to a donation of £20.

The late Mr. Faning began, and it was left to Mr. Prince to carry out successfully the formation of bands of instrumental music at the various collieries, and between them, now that they have both gone hence to be no more seen, they have instilled into our young men a love for music, which is creditable alike to the teachers and the pupils, and the memory of them both will ever he held in veneration.

The remarks passed at the open grave by the Rev. Mr. Selwyn gave great pain, and are bitterly protested against as being out of place and uncalled for in the presence of a mixed multitude of people of different religions, and if he will persist in such a line of conduct on such occasions, he need not be astonished to find himself insulted as thoroughly as he insults others, and creating a disturbance at the grave not provided for in the rubric. Great credit is due to the Traffic Manager for his kindness in allowing a special train to convey those who had attended the funeral home to Waratah again, at six o'clock; although I heard several complaints against the station-masters for charging the Volunteers and bandsmen full fares, the same as ordinary passengers, especially the volunteers, and I hear an enquiry will be made at headquarters as to why the usual rule of free passages by rail for volunteers on duty was departed from.

"WEST MAITLAND VOLUNTEER RIFLES", The Maitland Mercury (18 January 1873), 2

"GOD'S ACRE", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (28 July 1887), 6 


"MISS E. A. PRINCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 October 1931), 6

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Sergeant Henry Prince (c.1819-1863), Australia's red coat regiments

PRINGLE, Charles Lempriere (pseud. by 1872, C. H. TEMPLETON, Charles TEMPLETON)

Bass vocalist

Active Hobart, TAS, by 1869
Died Geelong, VIC, 15 April 1889 (suicide)

PRINGLE, Lempriere (Henry Lempriere)


Born Hobart, TAS
Died London, England, 23 October 1941


[Advertisement], The Mercury (21 December 1869), 3

"MR. CHARLES L. PRINGLE", The Mercury (4 December 1871), 2

Mr. Lyster, we are glad to say, has engaged Mr. C. L. Pringle, who lately made his first appearance in opera here, in the part of Don Jose, in Maritana, and has now joined the English Opera Company. We have already expressed our opinion of this young artist's powers, which are such as will, cultivated with care, do credit to him and the company ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 December 1872), 8

"TASMANIANS AHEAD AGAIN", The Mercury (24 November 1875), 2

"MELBOURNE", Bendigo Advertiser (6 June 1882), 2

Mrs. Margaret Pringle seeks to he divorced from her husband Charles Lempriere Pringle, a gentleman well-known in musical circles, and has taken the preliminary legal steps towards annulling the marriage. The undue attachment of the respondent to a young lady who is not altogether unknown to votaries of the tuneful nine, is understood to have prompted Mr. Pringle to take the above step.

"COLONIAL TELEGRAMS", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (16 December 1882), 10

Melbourne, December 12, In the Divorce Court, Margaret Pringle obtained a dissolution of marriage from her husband, C. L. Pringle, better known as Templeton, the operatic artist, on the grounds of his adultery with Miss Lambert, the well known contralto.

"A THEATRICAL DIVORCE SUIT", Newcastle Morning Herald (18 December 1882), 4

"SUICIDE OF A WELL-KNOWN VOCALIST", The Argus (16 April 1889), 6

An operatic singer, named Charles Templeton, committed suicide at about a quarter to 4 o'clock this morning by cutting his throat from ear to ear, at the Eagle Hotel, Corio street. He went to the hotel on Sunday evening and told Mr. Brown, the landlord, that he was hard up, and had walked from Melbourne on foot in search of employment. Mr. Brown, on seeing Mr. Templeton, recognised him as an old friend whom he had not seen for seven years, and invited him to the hotel. It appeared during the course of a conversation that Templeton had had some disagreement with his family, and had left Melbourne for Geelong with the view of obtaining some assistance from his uncle, Dr. Lempriere. It also transpired that Mrs. Templeton, a professional vocalist, had gone up country with a theatrical company and was travelling under her maiden name of Miss Lambert. After spending two hours talking with Mr. Brown, rationally and cheerfully, Templeton retired to bed. At the hour named the landlord was awakened by hearing a heavy thud in the room occupied by Templeton, which was next to his, and hurrying to the room was horrified at finding Templeton Lying in a pool of blood with his throat cut. It appeared that the deceased must have cut his throat while sitting on the bed, and on growing weak from the loss of blood bad fallen on the floor. The razor used by the deceased was found on the dressing-table, about three feet away from the stains. The deceased was dying when the landlord entered, and expired before medical aid could be obtained. An inquiry will be held to-morrow.

"TASMANIAN VOCALIST IN ENGLAND", The Argus (29 June 1891), 5

The Carl Rosa Opera Company has concluded an engagement with Mr. Pringle, vocalist, of Hobart, who has for some time post been studying in England. Mr. Pringle's father was for many years well known on the operatic stage in Australia as Mr. C. H. Templeton.

"MUSICAL JOTTINGS", Examiner (16 March 1901), 3

"OLD PROGRAMMES", The Central Queensland Herald (23 May 1935), 14

"DEATHS", The Mercury (26 October 1914), 1


See also:


Pianist (daughter of Charles TEMPLETON and Nellie LAMBERT)

TEMPLETON, Mrs. (FALCONER, Mrs.) = LAMBERT, Nellie (Ethel)

PRINGLE, George Robert Grant (G. R. G. PRINGLE; G. W. R. G. PRINGLE)

Organist, teacher of organ, pianoforte, singing, composer, conductor (Melbourne Philharmonic Society)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1858
Died Leipzig, Germany, January 1873 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PRINGLE, Charlotte = Madame STUTTAFORD

PRINGLE, Frances Lucy (MARK; Mrs. G. R. G. PRINGLE)

Music teacher

Married G. R. G. Pringle, St. Peter's, Melbourne, 6 October 1860
Died Warwick, QLD, 23 August 1907


Pringle first presented his sister Madame Stuttaford (Charlotte Mary Anne Pringle b. 16 May 1829, Scotland), when she arrived in Melbourne in February 1861. He left Melbourne to travel to Europe after a benefit farewell on 30 September 1870.


"SOUTH HACKNEY CHORAL SOCIETY", The Musical World 33 (22 December 1855), 826

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 June 1858), 8

"CONCERT", The Argus (22 October 1858), 5

[News], The Argus (28 February 1861), 4

"ART TREASURES EXHIBITION", The Mercury (13 January 1863), 2

Mr. Pringle, the accomplished organist of St. Peter's, Melbourne ... played the following selections in that masterly style for which he is distinguished: ... Variations on Home Sweet Home, J. R G. Pringle, Polka Brilliante, J. R. G. Pringle ... Mr. F. Packer also played several pieces in charming style.

[News], The Argus (6 December 1865), 4

"MR. PRINGLE'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (30 September 1870), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (11 March 1873), 4

PRINGLE. - On the -- January, at Leipzig, Germany, of brain fever, Mr. G. R. G. Pringle, formerly organist and professor of music, in this city.

"THE WIDOW OF THE LATE MR. G. R. G. PRINGLE. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (22 August 1873), 7 

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (15 August 1874), 4 

Mrs. G. R. G. Pringle, widow of the late musician of that name, will make her first appearance as a vocalist, and will share in the profits of the performance. The patronage of the friends of the deceased artist is naturally expected under these circumstances.

Musical works:

Sea grove: polka brilliante ("dedicated to his pupils the Misses M. F. & M. E. Symonds, Seagrove Villas, St. Kilda"); several editions 

Salve regina, composed for and dedicated to Mr. W. Furlong 


Melbourne Philharmonic Society


Leader, orchestrator, arranger

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853

PRINZ (Herr)



A Herr Prinz was leader of the band at Braid's Assembly Rooms in Melbourne in May 1853, where he introduced his own German quadrille, as well as imported works, the Opera schottische by Youens and an old favourite, Matthew P. King's Overture to Timour the Tartar. Apparently another Herr Prinz, a vocalist, made "his first appearance in Melbourne" in February 1855. At Catherine Hayes's Melbourne Exhibition Building performance of Rossini's Stabat Mater in May 1856:

A small but efficient orchestra under the direction of M. Prinz, to whom the public are indebted in this instance for the production of Rossini's music as he scored the whole of the orchestral parts from the only pianoforte copy to be had-rendered the introductory music to the great satisfaction of everybody.


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 May 1853), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 February 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 February 1855), 7

"MISS HAYES'S CONCERT", The Argus (6 May 1856), 5

"MISS CATHERINE HAYES' FAREWELL CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle (17 May 1856), 3


Amateur flautist, flute player, ? architect, surveyor

Born England, c. 1821
Active Australia, by c. 1840/41
Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1848-51: ? 1869
? Died Sydenham, London, England, 28 june 1902, aged 80


"CONCERT", The Argus (17 November 1848), 2

Mr. Megson's annual concert took place last evening, and was as numerously attended as could have been expected from the very unseasonable weather. The performance was creditable and included the overtures of the Bondman and Les Diamans de la Couronne; a beautiful flute solo, most admirably played by Mr. Pritchard, a very good duett by Messrs. Anderson and Megson, and two capital glees. Mrs. Wallace was the only female singer, and although often much out of tune, she acquitted herself better than on her last public appearance.

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (20 April 1849), 2

... Mr. Megson so far opened his heart, as again to favour us with one of his brilliant fantasias on the violin, which, of course was rapturously applauded, and encored; an honor also both deserved and accorded to Mr. Pritchard's beautiful solo on the flute, both the songs of Mr. Griffiths, and one of those by the German gentleman ...

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (11 December 1851), 3

... The programme for to night contains a solo on the Flute, which, we hear, is to be given by Mr. Pritchard, and to any one who has heard that gentleman, it is unnecessary to say that his single solo is worth the price of admission to the whole ...

? "NOTES AND NEWS", South Bourke Standard (17 December 1869), 2 

There is a good and varied programme for this evening's entertainment at the Town-hall, Kew, in aid of the Benevolent Asylum building fund ... music by Mr. Steveus; duets by Messrs. Jenvey and Akhurst; and a flute solo by Mr. Pritchard. Mr. H. J. Heuty will preside

? "NOTES AND NEWS", South Bourke Standard (31 December 1869), 2 

... The rest of the music consisted of performances on the piano by a lady, and a splendidly-played flute solo by Mr. O. Pritchard ...

? "DIED", The Argus (13 August 1902), 1 


Bandmaster (H.M.S. Galatea)

Active Australia, 1867-68, ? 1869-70


Pritchard and one of his bandsman, John Harding, witnessed the attempted assassination of prince Alfred, commander of the Galatea, in Sydney in March 1868, and testified in the ensuing inquiry and trial. The band of the Galatea performed on shore at many functions during the visit.


[Advertisement], The Mercury (23 January 1868), 1

... "THE LOVER AND THE BIRD," Vocal Mazurka, as played by the Band of H.M.S. "Galatea."

[Advertisement], Empire (6 March 1868), 1 

"THE MAGISTERIAL INQUIRY", Empire (14 March 1868), 4

"The Attempted Assassination of the Prince", Empire (17 March 1868), 2

Charles Pritchard deposed. - I am bandmaster on board H.M.S. Galatea. I and the rest of the band were at the Sailors' Home Picnic at Clontarf. The last witness is one of our bandsmen. He handed me a revolver. I saw a person advance towards the Prince and fire a pistol at him. We always keep our eyes on the Prince when he is out in public. I saw a man fire, and ran up to him. I could not identify prisoner. I was the second person that advanced to prisoner. I ran up and seized him by the back of the head, and the pistol fell. I took the pistol from Harding and gave it to the nearest officer of the ship, Lieutenant Bradley ...


"TRIAL OF THE PRISONER H. J. O'FARRELL", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1868), 7

"ON BOARD THE GALATEA", The Inquirer (3 March 1869), 4

Votes and proceedings of the Legislative Assembly [NSW] during the season of 1869 (Sydney: Thomas Richards, 1869), 340

"GENERAL NEWS", The Express and Telegraph (15 November 1870), 2 

Mr. Marshall, of Rundle-street, has just published "The Lover and the Bird," Polka Mazurka. During the visit of the Duke of Edinburgh this polka was a great favorite with the Galatea Band, and was generally understood to he the composition of the Band master. Great enquiry having been made for it, Mr. Marshall succeeded in getting a MS. copy, and it now appears in print for the first time. It is very neatly got up by Sims, of Gawler-place.

Musical works:

The lover and the bird polka mazurka (Adelaide: S. Marshall, 1870) 

Based on P. D. Guglielmo's popular song; see: 


Convict, vocalist, singer, St. John's Church, Parramatta

Active Parramatta, NSW, c.1825


[Tickets of leave], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 September 1823), 1 

HRA, I, 11, 736 (inquiry into charges against James Ring, August 1825)

SUSAN PRISCILLA BISHOP ... Cross-examined ... Mr. Kenyon and one or two of the Singers at the Church have been in the habit of attending at Mr. Marsden's family worship. It is not, that I am aware, a common understood thing that any respectable person may attend at Mr. Marsden's Worship on a Sunday evening. I know a person named Pritchard. He is a Ticket of Leave Man, and he was one of the Singers. I know a man named Newsome. He was a Singer ...

Associations: Samuel Marsden, Joseph Kenyon, James Ring


Bandsman (band of the 40th Regiment)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1859

See also Band of the 40th Regiment (second tour)


"CORONER'S INQUESTS", The Age (29 November 1859), 3 

... John Probayne, sworn: I am in the band of the 40th regiment. On passing the Bush Inn, in Elizabeth street, on Friday night last, a drunken man came staggering down. He came in contact with a box I was carrying and fell on the pavement. No one pushed him. I had both my hands engaged with the music and instruments ...

"FATAL ACCIDENT, THROUGH INTEMPERANCE", The Argus (29 November 1859), 6 

...John Pronague [sic], a soldier in the 40th Regiment, deposed that, whilst carrying a box in Elizabeth street, he remembered a drunken man staggering up against him and falling. No one pushed him, and he lay on the pavement. Witness had both his hands engaged at the time in carrying the box and an instrument. James Hirrgston, one of the band of the 40th, corroborated the previous evidence ...

PROCTOR, Nicholas

Flute player

Born c. 1830
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1859
Married Zannah (Susannah) WISHART, Adelaide, SA, 3 August 1867
Died North Adelaide, SA, 9 September 1898, aged 68 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

PROCTOR, Mrs. (1) = Susannah WISHART

PROCTOR, Mrs. (2)


"HANDEL COMMEMORATION FESTIVAL", South Australian Register (18 April 1859). 5

"THE NORWOOD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 July 1861), 2

"MARRIED", The Express and Telegraph (5 August 1867), 2 

PROCTOR - WISHART. - On the 3rd of August, at the Unitarian Christian Church, by the Rev. J. C. Woods, B.A., Mr. Nicholas Proctor to Zannah, relict of the late Mr. Wishart.

"ALDINGA, DECEMBER 7", The South Australian Advertiser (10 December 1867), 3 

. . . At 8 o'clock, a miscellaneous concert came off in Mr. Butterworth's mill; this was to many the principal treat, but the length of my letter urges me not to go much further; suffice it to say, that several duets sung by Mrs. Proctor (formerly Mrs. Wishart) and Mr. Chapman were received with loud applause and rapturously encored, whilst Mr. Proctor's flute playing was deservedly admired and highly appreciated . . .

"THE LATE MR. N. PROCTOR", Evening Journal (13 September 1898), 3 

Many friends and the musical public generally will learn with regret of the death of Mr. Nicholas Proctor, already noted. He was known for many yeais as the principal flautist in the Theatre Royal Orchestra, and also in connection with oratorio concerts. Failing health compelled him to abandon all outside engagements, but devotion to his art led him to practise at home, and he was always ready to score and transpose music for choral and other Societies without fee or reward. For over forty years he worked in the Government Printing Office. He was twice married. His first wife was Mrs. Wishart, an accomplished vocalist. His second, who is equally well known, was leader of sopranos connected with Sir Charles Halle's famous musical organizations in Manchester, a similar position she held for twelve years at St. Lawrence's, North Adelaide, and of that Church she has been Organist for over two years. The funeral took piace at West-terrace Cemetery on Sunday afternoon . . .

PROST, James Cornelius

Musical amateur

Active NSW, 1850s (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Bandsman (Burton's Band)

Active SA, 1856


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same.

PROUT, Maria Heathilla (Miss MARSH; Mrs. John Skinner PROUT)

See main page on Stephen and Henry Marsh and family: 


Actor, vocalist

Active late 1850s


"THE CHARLIE NAPIER THEATRE", The Star (8 December 1858), 3 

. . . After the overture to La Gazza Ladra, excellently performed by M. Fleury's orchestra, Miss Provost appeared as Andy Blake, in the "Irish Diamond." This lady, though her true womanly nature clings to her in whatever part she represents, yet acted with great success, and her song of "Whiskey in the Jug," was encored . . .

PUGH, Edward

Convict (First Fleet), carpenter, fiddler

Arrived Sydney Cove, NSW, January 1788
Died Windsor, NSW, 30 November 1837

Summary (after Jordan 2012):

First fleet convict, Edward Pugh, joined the NSW Corps in 1800; variously a carpenter and a farmer, he was listed as a "fiddler" in the annual muster at Windsor in September 1822.

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2012, 201

PULLAR, Mr. (? John PULLAR; ? Adam PULLAR)

Music teacher, vocalist, music retailer

Active Melbourne, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), by August 1839
? Died (Adam) Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 29 July 1845


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (26 August 1839), 5 

MR. PULLAR, PROFESSOR OF MUSIC, And Member of the Philharmonic and Anacreontic Society. INTENDS giving instruction upon the Piano, Flute, Singing, and the Violin. For Cards, &c. apply at the Office of this paper. Pianofortes Tuned.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (23 December 1839), 10 

MR. PULLAR HAS received two Square Piano Fortes, with additional Keys, by Broadwood; also; a selection of new Music, which he will dispose of. M. P. continues to give instructions upon the Piano Forte, Singing, and the Violin, Piano Fortes tuned. Albion Cottage, Little Collins street.

COLONIAL INTELLIGENCE. THE ORATORIO", Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (28 January 1843), 3 

The grand Oratorio under the patronage of his Honor the Superintendent, for which preparations had been making for several weeks past, was held in the Wesleyan Chapel, Collins-street, last Monday evening. The pieces selected for performance were from Handel, Mozart, and Haydn; and, considering that the performers were amateurs, except Mr. Clarke under whose very able management the whole was conducted, exceedingly well executed. Mr.Clarke's performance on the organ, whose rich and deep tones he so well succeeded in drawing forth, was the admlirathim of all, as well as the pieces sung by Dr. Sandford and Mr. Pullar. The choruses sung by Messrs. Heape and Vaughan, together with the performance of Miss Gale and Miss Edwards, gave general satisfacton . . .

[Advertisement], Melbourne Times (1 July 1845), 3 

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (14 May 1845), 3 

"DEATH", The Melbourne Courier (30 July 1845), 2 

[Advertisement], The Melbourne Courier (19 January 1846), 3 

Music and Stationery Warehouse. Ex-Royal George. ON. SALE by the undersigned - flutes, ocaves, violins, flageolets, clarionets, accordeons, key bugles, cornopians, violin strings, bows, bridges, and pegs, guitar strings, backgammon boards, new music, with a general assortment of plain and fancy stationery, a quantity of new and standard works; also, a variety of English and Roman Catholic bibles, testaments, prayer-books, and catechisms. JOHN. PULLAR & CO. Collins-street, 17th January, 1846.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (24 April 1848), 3 

EX "ANNE MILNE." JUST RECEIVED NEW MUSIC From the latest Operas, pianoforte, double bass, Violincellos, violins, tenors, flutes, octaves, fifes, clarionets, bugles, horns, &c., &c., in great variety. J. PULLAR & CO. Stationory Music Warehouse, Collins-stireet, West.


. . . On January 9, 1843, an oratorio was performed at the Wesleyan Church, in Collins street, under the patronage of His Honour the Superintendent, when recitals were given on the organ which had been procured, about the first in the colony. Mr. Clarke was the organist on the occasion, but Mr. Pullar's song was considered the gem of the evening . . .

"OLD TIME MEMORIES. ST. JAMES'S OLD CATHEDRAL. By Edward C. O. Howard", The Australasian (27 September 1924), 68 

. . . On November 9 of the same year [1839] the foundation stone of the first Episcopalian Church in Port Phillip was laid . . . At the service held in the temporary wooden building on the day the foundation-stone was laid Mr. Puller [sic] played on a seraphine (not a harmonium) during the singing of the psalms and hymns . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth, Historic organs of New South Wales, 54

PULLEN, George

Musical director (Launceston Sacred Harmonic Society)

Active Launceston, TAS, c. 1856

PUTLAND, Mary (Mrs. PUTLAND; daughter of governor William BLIGH; from 1810 Mrs. Maurice O'CONNELL; Lady O'CONNELL)



Amateur vocalist (Melbourne German Liedertafel), printer, translator

Born Elberfeld, Germany
Active Hobart, TAS, by 1855
Died Richmond, VIC, 24 December 1874


Orchestral music, teacher of music (violin, singing, harmony, composition), music seller, composer

Born 1843
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1866
Died Edwardstown, SA, 12 January 1899, aged 54


[Advertisement], The Courier (14 August 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Courier (8 September 1856), 4

[Advertisement], Bunyip (28 July 1866), 1

"SINGING", South Australian Register (11 August 1866), 2

SINGING In today's issue will be found an advertisement announcing that Mr. Loder, with the assistance of Mr. C. Puttman, intends to form singing classes on a new system invented and perfected by himself.

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (31 December 1866), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 December 1866), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 October 1865), 1

"LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS," South Australian Register (3 February 1869), 3

[News], The Argus (3 June 1869), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 December 1874), 1

"JUBILEE ODE TO HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN", The South Australian Advertiser (20 June 1887), 5

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (13 January 1899), 4

"DEATH OF HERR PUTTMANN", The Advertiser (13 January 1899), 7

Musical works:

Let memory guide us (dedicated to the memory of Capt. Sturt; written and composed by C. PÜTTMAN) (Adelaide: Published by S. Marshall, [between 1870 and 1890]) 

The leather sphere (written by H. Congreve Evans, and inscribed to his friend, Stanley E. Evans, Secretary South Australian Football Association; composed by C. Püttmann) ([Adelaide]: South Australian Football Association, 1894) 

The watch on the Rhine quadrille (introducing C. Wilhelm's popular melody; with the German & English words of the song appended by Charles Puttmann) (Adelaide: Penman & Galbraith, litho., [1870]) 

On boys, with merry song (music by V. E. Becker; English words, by H. Pütmann) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [? late 1870s]) 

PYE, Mary Elizabeth

Pianist (pupil of William Vincent WALLACE, or of other members of the Wallace family)

Active Sydney/Parramatta, NSW, ? from c. 1836/37

See main entry Mary Elizabeth PYE

See also Mary Pye's music book

PYECROFT, Joseph (PYCROFT; PIECROFT; "Joe the Fiddler)

Professor of music, cellist, contrabassist, violinist, bass vocalist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1844-48; Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1848; .Jettamatong and Goulburn, NSW, 1862-72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Pyecroft, on the contra bass or cello, was a stalwart of Hobart theatre and concerts from 1844. Apparently only recently arrived from homeland Britain (probably free), his erratic behaviour, however, began to get the better of him as early as 1845. After sailing for Melbourne in September 1847, he (himself a Catholic) became a nuisance to a local Catholic congregation, and attempted to drown himself twice. Thereafter he disappears from record until 1862 in rural NSW, when and where, as "Joe the fiddler", he was sentenced to 2 years in Goulburn Gaol for a malicious shooting.


[Advertisement], The Courier (19 January 1844), 3 

MUSICAL TUITION - Mr. PYCROFT, who has had considerable experience as a Musician in England, having lately arrived in this city, is anxious to engage in the instruction on the Piano-forte, Violin, or Singing. His terms will be found moderate. The most respectable reference can be given as to character, abilities, &c. Any commands addressed to him at Mr. Imley's, No. 67, Liverpool-street, shall me with immediate attention.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (30 April 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (22 October 1844), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 November 1844), 1

 "CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (23 January 1845), 2

"HOBART TOWN POLICE REPORT", The Courier (1 March 1845), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (17 June 1845), 3

"JUVENILE FETE", The Courier (15 August 1846), 3

"GRAND BALL AND BANQUET", The Courier (2 January 1847), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Melbourne Argus (12 September 1848), 2

"PORT PHILLIP", Colonial Times (29 September 1848), 3

"PORT PHILLIP", The Courier (8 November 1848), 4

"POLICE OFFICE", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (21 April 1853), 2


"GOULBURN CIRCUIT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 September 1862), 5

PYNE, Caroline (Mrs. PYNE)

Vocalist, professor of singing and pianoforte

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 9 December 1850 (per Blackwall, from Portsmouth 16 August) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In March 1851, Mrs. Pyne "just arrived from the London, Bath, Bristol, and Clifton concerts" made the first of her regular performances that year in Abraham Emanuel and George Hudson's weekly popular "Casino" promenade concerts at the Royal Hotel. In December she sang Donizetti and Guglielmi (the latter a duet with James Waller) in Andrew Moore's concert, and reappeared after a long absence in December 1853 for Charles Packer.

She first advertised as a teacher in March 1851, and in July 1856 announced her removal from 6 Upper Fort-street, Sydney, to Pyne Cottage, Datchett-street, Balmain. Mrs. Pyne and her husband, William J. Pyne, suffered the deaths of at least three of their children, at ages 3 months, 4 years and 18 years. W. J. Pyne was still at Balmain in 1867, a decade after Caroline disappears from the musical record.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 March 1851), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (14 March 1851), 4

"MR. EMANUEL'S PROMENADE CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (29 March 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1851), 3

[Advertisement], Empire (14 December 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1856), 8

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2020