THIS PAGE LAST MODIFIED : Tuesday 18 April 2017 8:30

A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–R

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–R", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 29 April 2017

- R -

RAAKE, Gotthard (Godard; Gothard; Gothan; Francis Gotthard Richard RAAKE)

Teacher of music, professor of languages, convict, forger

Born Warsaw (Warszawa), Poland, 1807
Arrived TAS, 1 September 1839 (convict, per Lady Franklin and Parkfield)
Died Fingal, TAS, 23 September "1883, aged 76 yrs 7 months" (headstone)

RAAKE, Elsie (Regina Elsie Alice)


Born Fingal, TAS, 1871
Died Launceston, TAS, 1947


"GOTTHARD RAAKE, Deception - forgery, 9th July 1838", Proceedings of the Old Bailey

1744. GOTTHARD RAAKE was indicted for feloniously forging, on the 23rd of May, at St. Marylebone, an order for the payment of £60, with street to defraud Lionel Nathan Rothschild, and others.-2nd COUNT, for uttering the same.-3rd and 4th COUNTS, like the 1st and 2nd, only calling it a warrant, instead of an order ... 1745. GOTTHARD RAAKE was again indicted for stealing, on the 18th of January, 20 spoons, value 5l.; 4 forks, value 1l.; 2 ladles, value 2l.; and 1 pair of sugar-tongs, value 5s.; the goods of William Tyrrell, clerk.

"GOTTHARD RAAKE, Theft -simple larceny, 9th July 1838", Proceedings of the Old Bailey

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (9 April 1853), 2

MR. G. RAAKE is prepared to receive a limited number of pupils to instruct them in Pianoforte, Guitar, Flutina, and English Singing. Cards of terms, can be had of Mr. C. F. Wilson, Launceston Academy, York-street. N.B. Pianofortes tuned and repaired.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (2 June 1853), 6

"LAUNCESTON", Colonial Times (11 September 1855), 3

A man named Godard Raake, formerly a teacher of music in this town, is in custody on charge of uttering a forged cheque for £64 at the shop of Mr. Upton, grocer, in Charles-street. The cheque purported to be drawn by Mr. J. Storey of Avoca. The case is remanded for the attendance of witnesses from the country. Raake was formerly in the service of Mr. S. Lord, of Avoca, and gave evidence at the trial of Dalton and Kelly. He was then a ticket holder. - Examiner.

"MORE FORGERIES BY GOTTHARD RAAKE", The Cornwall Chronicle (22 September 1855), 4

"SUPREME COURT", Launceston Examiner (9 October 1855), 2

"LEGAL", Launceston Examiner (10 July 1875), 3

The Executive Council have released from H.M. Gaol at Launceston Gotthard Raake, a respectable man who at the Recorder's Court in March received sentence of eighteen months imprisonment for stealing a purse and moneys of Joseph Cocker, of Avoca.

"CASE OF GOTTHARD RAAKE. To the Editor", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 July 1875), 3

"EARLY DAYS RECALLED", Examiner (15 February 1926), 3 

"MRS. M. RAAKE. Attains the Century To-day. Pioneer Reminisces", Examiner (12 February 1932), 6

... In 1852 she married Mr. G. Raake, tutor and music master to Mr. Lord's [Simeon Lord, junior] children, and had a family of six daughters, two of whom are deceased.

"DEATHS", Examiner (12 June 1932), 1

"OBITUARY", Examiner (2 November 1940), 7

"DEATHS", Examiner (20 March 1947), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Elena Gover, Russian convicts in Australia (2006)

Tim Causer, "'The worst types of sub-human beings'? The myth and reality of the convicts of the Norfolk Island penal settlement, 1825-1855"

 Raymond J. Warren, "The Warren register of colonial tall ships" (2012)

RABLIN, Sergeant (? Henry or John, Sergeant RABLIN; Sergeant RAVELIN; RABELIN; RAVELYN)

Clarinet, clarionet player, band sergeant, master of the band of the 51st Regiment

Arrived Hobart, TAS, with regiment, by late March 1839
Appointed master of the band, in the place of A. P. Duly (resigned), by mid 1845
Departed Hobart, TAS, 8 August 1846 (with regiment headquarters, per Agincourt, for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 51st Regiment


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (9 June 1840), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 July 1840), 3

[Launceston news], Colonial Times (11 May 1841), 4

"MR. BUSHELLE'S CONCERT", The Courier (24 February 1843), 2

"HOBART TOWN EXTRACTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1843), 4

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 November 1844), 1

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (29 March 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (19 June 1845), 1

"THE 51ST REGIMENT", Colonial Times (23 September 1845), 3

"DEPARTURE OF THE 51ST REGIMENT", Launceston Examiner (8 August 1846), 4


Flautist, lecturer, musical instrument designer

Born Liverpool, England, 6 December 1842
Arrived Melbourne, December 1883
Married Pauline Rita, Melbourne, 23 January 1884
Departed Sydney, March/April 1885 (for New Zealand)
Died London, 3 March 1917, aged 75

RITA, Pauline

Soprano vocalist, teacher of singing

Born England, c. 1842
Arrived Melbourne, 7 December 1881 (per Orient, from London, 27 October)
Married John Radcliff, Melbourne, 23 January 1884
Departed Sydney, March/April 1885 (for New Zealand)
Died London, 28 June 1920

John Radcliff, c.1880s

Image: John Radcliff, c.1880s

Image: Pauline Rita, c.1870s 


"COLONIAL ITEMS", The Argus (15 November 1881), 9

FROM THE EUROPEAN MAIL, OCT. 7 ... Madame Pauline Rita sails for Melbourne on October 26, whither she is going to fulfil professional engagements.

"ARRIVED", The Australasian (10 December 1881), 23

"LATE TELEGRAMS", Bendigo Advertiser (24 January 1884), 3

LATE TELEGRAMS ... Melbourne, 23rd January. Mr. John Radcliife, the world-renowned flautist, who is on a visit to Victoria, was married to-day to Madame Pauline Rita, the celebrated prima donna.

"Miscellaneous", Evening News (24 March 1884), 8

"PAN TO PINAFORE", Geelong Advertiser (24 May 1884), 3

"AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1884), 8

"AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 February 1885), 5

[Advertisement], Oamaru Mail (16 April 1885), 3

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (23 November 1885), 2

"RADCLIFF, THE FLAUTIST", Sunday Times (30 March 1913), 26

Mr. John Radcliff, who has a world-wide reputation as a flautist, and his wife, who before her marriage was Pauline Rita, a successful singer, have for some time past been in failing health and in very necessitous circumstances. Mr. Radcliff is seventy-one years of age, and his wife, who is now almost blind, is seventy. Their investments have proved unfortunate, and they are totally unprovided for. A fund for the benefit of Mr. and Mrs. Radcliff has been opened in London. Mr. Radcliff visited Australia with his wife, in 1884. The flautist and the soprano gave their Sydney concerts at the old Masonic Hall in York-street. At each concert Mr. Radcliff in a little lecture described the development of the flute, and introduced instruments of several periods before playing his own show pieces. During his fairly long stay in this city the genial artist was an honorary member of the Athenaeum Club. Mr. Radcliff helped to make many evenings pass pleasantly while telling stories of the Savage Club in London and its celebrities.

"Obituaries", Observer (12 May 1917), 13

"MUSIC AND MUSICIANS", Evening News (16 October 1920), 7 

Obituary notices in the English musical journals give details of the career of Madame Pauline Rita, who died recently at West Kensington. She was 78 years of age, and blind, at the time of her death. Before she entered upon her on the concert platform with Lablache, Patey, Santley, Celli, and other stars. She married Mr. John Radcliff, the celebrated flautist, and toured Australia and New Zealand.


John Radcliff, School for the flute (London: [s.n.], 1894) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Pauline Rita", Wikipedia

Adrian Duncan, "The genesis of the Radcliff model flute", webpage created 2007 

Radcliff remained with the Italian Opera for years, and did not miss a single performance there during the fifteen years following his initial appointment. When he finally did so, it was as a result of a romance with the celebrated singer Pauline Rita. Radcliff fell passionately in love with her, and the two became engaged. But his lady love was forced to seek a warmer climate for health reasons, and chose Australia as her haven. After an 18-month hiatus, the apparently love-sick Radcliff tired of waiting for her return and, immediately after fulfilling a final engagement at the Leeds Festival of 1883, he left for Australia himself, arriving in Melbourne in December of 1883. He and Pauline were married there in the next month.

RADFORD, William

Violinist, viola player, composer (?)


Musicians, violinists, composer

Active Melbourne, by 1853
Died Bendigo, 11 November 1870, aged 42


In 1853 was advertised:

New Music, composed by Radford, expressly for Braids' Rooms: "The Argus Polka", "Braids Assembly Polka", "Herald of Hope Valses", "Express Galope", every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday evening.

In October 1854, the Radfords led the band at the Melbourne Casino and played "a duet on one violin, first time in Australia", and in November and December they were among the violinists for concerts at the Victorian Exhibition. William was playing violin with Austin Saqui in Beechworth in mid 1855, and was at Bendigo playing with Edward Salaman in October.

In Melbourne "Mr. Radford" was leader of the Criterion Band at the Casino in January 1855, and of the band at the Salle de Valentino in in February 1856. In March 1858, Sydney was in Bendigo with Rainer's Serenaders, and William in Beechworth playing viola in a liturgical performance of Mozart's 12th Mass.


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 August 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 October 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 October 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 December 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 January 1855), 8

"BENDIGO. PATRIOTIC BALL", The Argus (1 October 1855), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 February 1856), 8

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1858), 3

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 March 1858), 3

"THE STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 February 1859), 4

"IN MEMORIAM - SYDNEY RADFORD. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (16 November 1870), 3

Although now living at a distance from Bendigo I am a constant reader of the ADVERTISER, and saw in this Saturday's issue the simple announcement of the death, at the hospital, of consumption, of Sydney Radford, a musician. Now I thought some old Bendigonian would have informed one of your staff that poor kind-hearted "Syd" was amongst you in former days. What old Bendigonian of fifteen or sixteen years ago does not remember listening to the strains of Sydney Radford's band? It was an institution in Bendigo at that period. Thousands of diggers could say that they "many a time and oft heard the band discourse most eloquent music." Sydney Radford came up with his band to Bendigo in the latter part of the year 1854, and played at the principal places of amusement in Sandhurst, then entered into an engagement at the Manchester Arms, Long Gully, for twelve months, obtained very great popularity there amongst the diggers, and afterwards played with considerable success at Eaglehawk. Sydney Radford was a good musician and a first-rate violinist. He was a kind-hearted creature, and an excellent friend to brother professionals. He left Bendigo and resided in the northern districts of the colony for some years. Alas! what changes come "o'er the spirit of our dreams." Poor "Syd" comes back again after an absence of years to the scene of his former triumphs, friendless and alone, dying of consumption, to end his days in the Bendigo District Hospital. What a strange coincidence that two such excellent violinists as Monaghan and "Syd" Radford should die at Sandhurst on the same day-one at the height of fame, surrounded by troops of friends, the other unhonoured and unknown. FELIX. Melbourne, 12th November.

"DEATHS", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (5 December 1870), 215   

RAHM, Veit

Zither player, "Tyrolese Minstrel", composer

Born Laimach (bei Hippach), Zillertal, 14 June 1825
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 April 1853 (passenger per ship, via Africa)
Departed ? Melbourne, VIC, ? January 1857
Died Hippach, 9 October 1904, aged 79 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In Australia Rahm's programs included several of his own works, including "aria The evening bells with variations (hand fantasia; zither)" [see also Veit Rahm, Music of the Tyrol (1. Evening bells; 2. A Tyrolese air), arr. for pianoforte by J.O. Smith (London: [1852]), copy at British Library, Music Collections h.970.(13.) [004597311], The Tyrolese postilion (national song; in imitation of the trumpet; zither), and The crying peasant (comic song).


"MUSICAL", The Argus (4 May 1853), 9

"HERR VEIT RAHM", The Courier (19 October 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

"HERR VEIT RAHM'S CONCERT", The Courier (18 November 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1855), 1

"KILMORE", The Argus (18 January 1856), 5

"HERR VEIT RAHM'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1856), 8

The chief attraction was the vocalization and instrumental performance of Mr. Rahm on the zither, a stringed instrument of his own invention. The songs sung by the Tyrolese minstrel were selected from his own compositions. They were meritorious productions, but they defy the efforts of every one not possessing a voice of very great compass. In the Tyrolese Minstrel, Mr. Rahm gives an excellent imitation of the sound of the trumpet, only surpassed by his performance of the Nightingale, with imitations. The grand aria on the zither, the Mountain Bells, and the Last Rose of Summer, with variations, were exquisite performances, requiring delicate and yet brilliant manipulation. The comic song, the Crying Peasant, produced the usual exhilirating effects. Mr. Rahm proved himself deserving of the encores and applause he received.

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 January 1857), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Toni Rieser and Helmut Eberharter (eds), Die Abenteuer des Veit Rahm: Unterhaltung, Abenteuer u. Reisebeschreibung des wirklichen weltbereisten Tiroler Sängers und Zitherkünstlers Veit Rahm aus dem Zillertal vom Jahre 1851 bis 1857 Umfasst die Reise von Australien nach Vandiemensland der englischen Strafkolonie ([Austria]: Hemut Eberharter, 2008) (DIGITISED)

An facsimile and edition of Rahm's manuscript memoir


Teacher of dancing
Active Sydney, 1830


Mrs. Raine ran both a boarding school for young ladies and a "Dancing Academy" in Sydney in 1830.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 July 1830), 1

RAINER, John Cragin (J. C. Rainer)

Vocalist, musical director (Rainer's Minstrels; Rainers's Serenaders), theatre manager

Born New York, USA, 1820
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 19 September 1852 (per Speed, from San Francisco, 28 July)
Died Coburg, VIC, 27 November 1889, aged 69

Image: J. C. Rainer, 1849

California, July 1852: This evening this excellent and popular band of Minstrels make their last appearance in California prior to the departure for the Australian colonies. Mr. J. C. Rainer, the leader of tins famed troupe of serenaders, takes a benefit, and for which an unusually interesting programme is announced.

1867: I see that Mr. J. C. Rainer, the original proprietor of Rainer's Christy Minstrels, has, after a life of comparative inaction as a licensed victualler at Daylesford, again taken the field, or rather the boards, this time as conductor of the Campbell troupe. Any one who knew Mr Rainer's vocal ability in former years, and hears how little time has impaired his really fine voice, will be glad to learn that he has again resumed his profession.


"RAINER'S SERENADERS", Daily Alta California (25 July 1852)

"ARRIVALS", The Maitland Mercury (25 September 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1852), 1

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Courier (14 April 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (14 April 1853), 3

"CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 September 1855), 4

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (6 September 1856), 4

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (19 December 1859), 1

"MELBOURNE", Bendigo Advertiser (11 June 1867), 2

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (3 March 1870), 1

"RAINER'S DIORAMA", Bendigo Advertiser (12 March 1881), 2s

"THE AMERICAN WAR", South Australian Register (12 June 1882), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (28 November 1889), 1

Related prints:

Ben Bolt (as sung by M. W. White of Rainer's Minstrels, arranged by J. C. Rainer) (Sydney: H. Marsh and Co., [185?])

Old Folks at Home (arranged by J. C. Rainer) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [18??])

Old Folks at Home (as sung by by T. Brower of Rainer's Minstrels, as arranged by J. C. Rainer) (Sydney: For the author by H. Marsh. [185?])

H. Marsh & Co.'s Ethiopian Melodies, As Sung by the New York & Rainer's Serenaders (list)

Bibliography and resources:

Benjamin Miller, The fantasy of whiteness: blackness and Aboriginality in American and Australian culture (Ph.D thesis, University of New South Wales, 2009), 128-29

RAINFORD, T. H. (Thomas)

Basso vocalist, composer, songwriter

Arrived Melbourne, by February 1863
Died Glebe, NSW, 9 November 1906, aged 75


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 February 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1867), 8

"Music at the Great National Fair", The Sydney Mail (5 September 1891), 9

"SERIOUS ILLNESS OF MR. RAINFORD", Singleton Argus (7 July 1903), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 November 1906), 12

"THE LATE TOM RAINFORD", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1906), 3

THE LATE TOM RAINFORD. For six years Mr. Rainford was principal basso with Lyster's famous opera companies, appearing in 15 different operas. His repertoire ranged from Mephisto, Count Arnheim, Don Jose ("Maritana"), and parts in "La Sonnambula", "Daughter of the Regiment", "Der Freischutz", "Martha" and "Satanella", to the lightest opera bouffes by Offenbach and others, one of his famous characters being General Boom in "The Grand Duchess". Besides singing in the "Elijah" with the Melbourne Philharmonic Society in 1870, Mr. Rainford toured for six months with Mme. Arabella Goddard in 1874, with Mme. Christian in 1875, and Mme. Ilma de Murska in 1876 - a record which shows that his talents were freely recognised in what may be termed classic circles. The late Tom Rainford lived to such a ripe old age (75 years) that the various accounts of his career dealt chiefly with the latter part of it, prominence being given to the connection of the basso with the original Christy Minstrels in London, and with various comic opera companies in Australia. Miss Eva Rainford, who attended her father to the last, reminds us that he was an accomplished musician and "theorist", who could score for full band from a pianoforte setting. In his earlier years the basso appeared five times before Queen Victoria, and, arriving in Australia in 1863 he sang at the concert to the Duke of Edinburgh in 1868, and at Calcutta before the present King during his visit to India as Prince of Wales in 1870.

Musical works:

Beneath the Southern Cross (patriotic song; words by E. Mullarkey; music by Thos. H. Rainford ("Sung by Mr. Warwick Gainor with great success") (Sydney: Troedel, [1888])

Christmas bells by Thos. H. Rainford, in Violet's musical album (Sydney: H. J. Samuell, 1894)

As sung by T. H. Rainford:

Oh! boyhood's days ("words by Frank Younge; music by George Loder; As sung by T.H. Rainford" (Melbourne: W.H. Glen & Co., [188-?])

Ring the bell watchman ("composed by H.C. Work; Sung by T. Rainford of Weston & Hussey's Minstrels") (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [? 1870s]) = tune later adapted to Click go the shears

Sons of new Britannia ("Australian patriotic song; words by W. T. Goodge; music by Nicholas J. Gehde (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., [1899])



Active Melbourne, VIC, 1858



During the evening, Mr. Ramage, who until lately has very kindly given his gratuitous services as Precentor, was presented with a handsome mahogany writing-desk and a bible.

RANDALL, John ("Black Randall")

Musician, bandsman (Band of the New South Wales Corps)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 26 January 1788 (convict per Alexander, from Portsmouth 13 May 1787)

See also Band of the New South Wales Corps

Summary (after Statham and Fairall):

Randall was an African-American, from New Haven, Connecticut, born about 1764. He was convicted in Manchester, England, on 14 April 1785 for stealing a steel watch chain and sentenced to seven years transportation. He was sent to the Hulk Ceres early in 1786 and transferred to the Convict Transport Alexander on 6 January 1787. His name was recorded as Reynolds when mustered aboard, though he was arrested and tried as Randall. He enlisted in the NSW Corps at Sydney on 17 November 1800 and was discharged on 24 April 1810. He was accordingly serving in the Corps at the time of the convict insurrection at Vinegar Hill (5 March 1804) and the Rum Rebellion, 26 January 1808. Records suggest that he was stationed at the Sydney Barracks, and paysheets for the Corps (Mitchell Library) record that he received an allowance for playing in the Corps Band for at least a year (1806).

Bibliography and resources:

Pamela Statham (ed.), A colonial regiment: new sources relating to the New South Wales Corps 1789-1810 ([Canberra]: P. Statham, 1992)

Ray Fairall, The Afro-Australians: the Randall/Martin families and the First Fleet, Sydney 1788, a work in progress (revised 25 October 2008)

B. and M. Chapman, "Private John Randall (Reynolds) (c.1764-1817)", Australia's red coat regiments 

"John Randall", Australian royalty 

RANGONI, Antonio (Signor RANGONI)

Trombone player

Active Beechworth, VIC, 1855-57


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 May 1855), 6

"POLICE COURT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (20 February 1857), 2 

SLY GROG CASE. Antonio Rangoni was brought up on warrant charged with selling spiritous liquors without a licence at the Yackandandah.

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (16 March 1857), 3

RAPER, Jane (Miss RAPER; Miss Jane RAPER)

Contralto vocalist, teacher of piano and singing (pupil of Eliza Wallace Bushelle)

Born Sydney, NSW, 1843 (daughter of Edward and Jane RAPER)
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1867
Died Sydney, NSW, 25 March 1916 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1865), 1

NEW SOUTH WALES LEICHHARDT SEARCH FUND. - A CONCERT ... German Song - The Exile, Keller, Miss Raper (pupil of Madame E. Wallace Bushelle) ...

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MRS. MEILLON", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 May 1871), 5 

... Miss Raper made her first appearance in public since her return from England, and sang with great taste a cavatina from "La Donna Carlton," for which she was encored, and gave one of her favourite Irish ballads. She also sang in the second part a solo from "The Prophet," and received much applause ...

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (21 September 1878), 26

We perceive from American papers that Miss Raper, formerly well known in Sydney as a successful teacher of the pianoforte and singing, has been giving concerts in Western America. A farewell concert was given by her in Denvers City, Colorado, in May last, which was largely attended, and the programme of which comprised some choice pieces. Miss Raper's singing was spoken of by the Denver press in terms of strong eulogy. We understand that Miss Raper is now in London, en route to Sydney, so her numerous friends in this city may anticipate having the pleasure of hearing her soon.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1916), 8 

The veteran contralto and teacher, Mrs. Klngsmill-Shaw, writes, in regard to the recent death of Miss Jane Raper, stating that well-known singer especially desired before she passed away that her career should be referred to in the "Sydney Morning Herald." It seems that Miss Raper was trained by Mrs. Bushelle (possibly the Mrs. Wallace Bushelle, who was a sister of Vincent Wallace, the composer, sang the role of Maritana in London, and returning to Sydney taught here for many years until her death). Miss Raper was a cultivated contralto singer, who appeared in public here a great deal some 35 or 40 years ago, and then became highly esteemed as a teacher. For many years she resided in Rosebank-street, Darlinghurst, and was a great friend of Mrs. Boesen, a prominent patron of musical affairs both at that epoch and later.

Bibliography and resources:

"Edward Raper", Sydney's Aldermen 

RAUFER, Mary Ann Sarah

Soprano vocalist, blind pupil

Born London, England, 1853
Died VIC, 1941


"CONCERT IN AID OF THE BLIND ASYLUM", The Argus (19 September 1872), 6


Miss Raufer, a blind pupil, who possesses a very fine and cultivated voice, rendered "The Captive Greek Girl," and being encored gave "Smiles and Tears."

"CONCERT BY THE BLIND", Riverine Herald (2 November 1876), 3

"BLIND ASSYLUM CONCERT", The Argus (4 July 1879), 7

[News], The Argus (31 March 1882), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Judith Raphael Buckrich, Lighthouse on the boulevard: a history of the Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind 1866-2004 (Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2004)

RAVAC, Leopold also known as

RAWACK, Leopold


Go to main page:

Leopold Rawack (Ravac) and Amalia Rawack

RAY, Edgar

Tenor vocalist

Active Melbourne, by December 1852


In Melbourne in December 1852, Ray advertised that "THE CITY OF LONDON GLEE AND MADRIGAL UNION" was available for engagements, also noting that his colleagues Mr. W. C. Lyon and Mr. E. Hancock, "professors of the Royal Academy of Music, London" would give lessons in singing, pianoforte and harmony. That month, too, the three appeared in the UNION's inaugural concert with other recent arrivals including Harriet Fiddes. By 1855 Ray was a publisher and printer (of, among others, Melbourne Punch), though from 1856 he again took to the stage, as, for instance, in June 1856, for a charity benefit at the Olympic Theatre in which the cast also included Punch contributor R. H. Horne.


[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 December 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 January 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 June 1856), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Marjorie J. Tipping, Sinnett, Frederick (1830-1866), Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

RAY, Joseph

Actor, comic vocalist, songwriter (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Alias of Joseph SIMMONS

RAYNER, C. W. (? Charles)

Basso vocalist, banjo player, Professor and Teacher of Vocal Music, composer, songwriter

Arrived Sydney, NSW, February 1865
Departed Sydney, NSW, by 1870


The Smith, Brown, and Collins "original" Christy's minstrel troupe, in which Rayner was "an eminent basso and first class musician" arrived in Sydney "after a most successful tour through India, China, Java, Batavia, &c." in February 1865. With a mixed program including black-face minstrel numbers and operatic burlesque, they toured to Melbourne in March, Bendigo in April, Adelaide in May, Tasmania in July, and gave their farewell season for the reopening of the Victoria Theatre in Sydney in December. In January 1866, J. H. Anderson and Son issued Dear mother I've come home to die, "the popular song sung by C. W. Rayner" (see Anderson's 3rd edition Dear mother I've come home to die), while Rayner himself, having stayed on after the rest of his troupe returned to Europe, advertised as a "Professor of Singing" ("pupil of Signor Randegger and Henry Drayton") care of Alfred Anderson. Anderson assisted by writing "accompaniments" of the first song Rayner published in Sydney, probably necessarily, because later it was reported that Rayner "for some time has been studying the theory of music with Gassner". Gassner, bandmaster of the 50th Regiment, made and played band arrangements of several of Rayner's pieces, as well as his own March on Rayner's Southern Cross (1867). Rayner was last billed to appear in concert in June 1869, and a year later was reported to be in Virginia City, USA.


"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTYS' MINSTRELS", Bell's Life in Sydney (4 February 1865), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (13 February 1865), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (18 February 1865), 1

"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1865), 7

"RE-OPENING OF THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 December 1865), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 January 1866), 12

[Advertisement], Empire (8 February 1866), 1

"MR. C. W. RAYNER", Freeman's Journal (17 February 1866), 98 

MR. C. W. RAYNER. - We notice that this gentleman has established himself in Sydney a professor of music, and we can with confidence recommend his services to any of our readers who may be disposed to place themselves under his supervision. Mr. Rayner was the principal basso in the late Christy's Minstrel Troupe, and the tone and quality of his voice were the subject of just and universal commendation. If any further recommendation of Mr. Rayner's qualifications were necessary, the very fact of his having been under the tuition of Signor Randegger and Henri Drayton, should satisfy the most exacting. We heartily wish Mr. Rayner every success in his new sphere.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1866), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1867), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1867), 4

"SATURDAY HALF-HOLIDAY ASSOCIATION", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 September 1867), 5:

... The musical society, in connection with the association, is in a rapidly improving state; upwards of forty members have now been enrolled. They usually meet for practice at the Temperance Hall, in Pitt-street, on Friday evening, when the class has the benefit of the able instructions of Mr. C. W. Rayner.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1867), 1

"New Song", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1868), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1868), 7

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1868), 4

"Colonial Extracts", Quenbeyan Age (15 August 1868), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1869), 1

"AUSTRALIAN PATRIOTIC ASSOCIATION SOIREE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1869), 4

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California (9 January 1870), 6 

MOZART MINSTREL HALL, POST STREET, NEAR KEARNY ... SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS ... Ben Cotton, Billy Ashoroft. M.B. Leavitt, Mast. Bennie, W. F. Baker, C. W. Rayner. Theo. Jackson, R. W. Kohler, And the Great Vocal and Instrumental Galaxy ...

"ELLA ZOYARA", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1870), 5

... a mammoth circus company has been organised by Messrs. Lake, Leihy, Wilson, and Co. ... the company which is now working its way over the mountains to Virginia City, at which latter place Mr. C. W. Rayner, late of John Smith's Australian Minstrels, is taking a spell teaching the young idea how to sing.


C. W. Rayner's elementary system, and course of study for singing classes ("with examples in the art of phrasing, also exercises for the development of the voice") (Sydney: F. White, Machine and General Printer, [1866])

Speak gently (song; words: D[avid] Bates; accompaniments by Alfred Anderson) ([Sydney]: Rayner, [1867])

One word (song; words: Miss Parkes, music C.W. Rayner) (Sydney: To be had from the author [Rayner], [1868])

The Australian belles (Caballetta) ([Sydney: Rayner, 1867])

I will brighter be tomorrow (romanza) ([Sydney: Rayner, 1867])

Australia's welcome to prince Alfred ("Ode to Prince Alfred") (words: J. H. Rucker)(Sydney: Published by the composer, [1867])

The Southern Cross (Sydney: Published by the Composer, [1868])

The Southern Cross (5th edn.)

There's no such word as fail (words: F. S. Wilson) (Sydney: Published by the Composer, [1868])

The Australian stockman's song (A Bush Lyric; words: F. S. Wilson) (Sydney: Published by the composer, [1868])

RAYROUX, Adolphe Francois

Professor of Music and Languages (University of Paris), pianist, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1864
Died Melbourne, 4 August 1895


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1864), 3

[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (12 January 1867), 4

"AMATEUR CONCERT", Gippsland Times (5 December 1868), 3

An amateur vocal and instrumental concert was given in the Sale Mechanics' Institute on Thursday evening by the local amateurs, in aid of the fund for the purchase of the piano now used in the hall ...Mons. Ad. Rayroux presided at the piano, and the band was comprised as follows:-1st violin, Mr J. H. W. Pettit; 2nd violin, Mr S. Lang; 1st flute, Mr W. T. Sprod; 2nd flute, Mr S. Slater; violincello, Mr T. Thew ...The concert was opened with an overture from "Massaniello", very creditably performed by the band ... A quadrille "Le jour de naissance", composed by Mr. W. Legge was rendered by the hand in an inspiriting manner ... The Waltz "L'Etoile du Berger", composed by Mr. Rayroux was also performed by the orchestra and elicited applause.

"M. RAYROUX. TO THE EDITOR", Gippsland Times (20 April 1869), 3

"CONCERT", Kerang Times (14 September 1877), 2

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (21 March 1881), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (5 August 1895), 1

REA, Alex (Alex REA; Alexander REA)

Professor of Music, organist, pianist, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1862
Died Enmore, Sydney, NSW, 13 March 1909, aged 79 (NLA persistent identifier)


"CONGREGATIONAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1862), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1864), 1

"THE CHROMATIC RONDO", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1864), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1864), 12

"CATHEDRAL ORGAN OPENING", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1867), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 February 1874), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 February 1874), 1

  "NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1874), 7

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1874), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1874), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1879), 5

"MESSRS. WEEKES AND CO.", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 March 1882), 5

"THE CENTENNIAL ORGAN. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 September 1889), 13

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 July 1902), 6

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 March 1909), 12

"Mr. Alexander Rea ...", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1909), 6

"SYDNEY COLLEGE OF MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1909), 12

Musical works:

Chromatic rondo (a study for the pianoforte) (Sydney: Reading & Wellbank, [1864])

Grand octave waltz (for the pianoforte) (Sydney: Reading & Wellbank, [1864])

Gathering rosebuds (a song written and composed by Alexander Rea) (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1874])

Caprice ("for the Pianoforte, composed and dedicated to Miss E. M.Woolley") (Sydney: Elvy and Co., [1874])

The promenade rondo (for the pianoforte) (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1879])

Sonatina for the pianoforte no. 1 in C ([Sydney] London: Weekes & Co., [1882])

The chatterbox rondo (for the pianoforte) ([Sydney] London: Weekes & Co., [1887])

Reverie (song, the words by Albert G. Dawes) ([Sydney] London: Weekes & Co., [1888])

Good night, good night (song, the words by Albert G. Dawes) ([Sydney] London: Weekes & Co., [1888])

Beneath a broad elm tree (song, the words by Albert G. Dawes) ([Sydney] London: Weekes & Co., [1888])

Consolation (melody for the pianoforte) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [1902])

READ, Beaumont

Alto vocalist (student of John Hullah), songwriter

Born Dorset, England
Arrived Sydney, NSW, December 1874 (from London)
Died Unley Park, Adelaide, SA, 5 January 1910, aged 77

Melbourne, January 1875: Amongst these names the most interesting on the score of novelty will be that of Mr. Beaumont Read who sings with a voice which is rarely heard amongst men in these days. Of mature age he appears to have still preserved the fresh and high voice of a boys voice which has grown into power without that break which marks the period of adolescence. His selections were The Maid of Athens by Allen and this being encored he sang Little Sweetheart come and kiss me (a song noticed lately as being published in Melbourne). In the second part he sang another ballad of the plaintive kind suited to his exceptional voice entitled Please give me a penny, the composition of Siebert and as sung by Mr. Read as touching an appeal as any mendicant might hope to trade upon. This was very well sung indeed and it was encored with great warmth by the audience, who, by their applause, were evidently interested by the novelty of the singer's voice.

Adelaide, 1903: When did I come to Australia? Let me see. It must have been 1874. I have a vivid remembrance of my Australian debut in Sydney. I was engaged to appear at the Exhibition Building on Christmas night, and I gave "He was despised". It happened that Madame Anna Bishop was also singing, and she was so pleased with my voice that she waited at the wings of the platform for me and arranged that I should make a tour of Australia with her company. At the conclusion of this trip I spent two years in New York, and came back to Australia, where I have remained ever since. I came to reside at Adelaide 11 years ago on the death of my wife, and immediately formed a male quartet consisting of Messrs. Holder, Nash, Middleton, and myself. We were a successful combination, and I think won considerable popularity while we were together.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald  (23 December 1874), 10

[Advertisement], The Argus  (9 January 1875), 12

"MADAME ANNA BISHOP'S CONCERT", The Argus (13 January 1875), 6

"MR. BEAUMONT READ", The Register (4 April 1903), 3


"A NOTABLE SINGER", The Register (6 January 1910), 7

"A PROMINENT SINGER. MR. BEAUMONT READ DEAD", The Advertiser (7 January 1910), 8

Associated songs:

Don't go, Molly Darling (ballad; "music by Edward Kearns; words by F. Mears"; "especially composed for Mr. Beaumont Read of Madame Bishop's company") (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., 1875)

Please give me a penny (by Wm. Seibert, as sung by Beaumont Read) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1875])

Sweet by and by (words by Fillmore Bennett; music by J. P. Webster; as sung by Beaumont Read of the Kelly and Leon Troupe) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1877])

For the old land's sake (written and sung by Beaumont Read; music by N. La Feuillade) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [1885])

READ, Eliza (Mrs. Charles READ)

Professor of Music and Dancing, Drawing from Nature (formerly of the Royal Leamington Spa), composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1853
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 June 1905

READ, Alfred

Professor of Dancing, dancing master (son of the above), pianist, violinist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1863
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 May 1907, aged 61


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 October 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1854), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (29 December 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1856), 1

"COURT OF REQUESTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1856), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 February 1865), 6

"THE MUSICAL FESTIVAL", The Argus (9 April 1867), 5

"PADDINGTON", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 August 1868), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1868), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 January 1869), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 November 1874), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1874), 4

[Advertisement], Australian Town and Country Journal (30 January 1875), 11

"THE AUSTRALIAN BALL-ROOM GUIDE", The Maitland Mercury (29 January 1876), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1888), 2

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1902), 11

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1905), 6

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1905), 10

"WOMAN'S COLUMN", The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People (24 June 1905), 13

Mrs. Read, mother of Mr. Read, the dancing master, passed away last week, at an advanced age. To live for 44 years in one street is in itself a feat, especially in a new country, whilst the road is yet a-making. . Mrs. Read was a highly accomplished woman, and had a museum in miniature of curiosities which . she showed to the many hundreds of friends and pupils which she possessed. Her long useful life was spent in teaching as well as bringing up a family of sons and daughters. For 22 years she was in the staff of professors at Subiaco Convent.

"PERSONAL", Freeman's Journal (1 July 1905), 18

"L.W.: Fifty Years a Dancing Teacher in Sydney", Australian Town and Country Journal (12 July 1905), 29

"L.W.: Fifty Years a Dancing Teacher in Sydney" was recorded of a lately passed-away lady, who had lived for 45 years in William-street, where her academy was, and where she had taught many hundreds of pupils the graceful art of dancing, deportment, and the etiquette of ballroom. But times have changed since the dear old lady so recently dead, first taught the waltz, as it was danced half a century ago. In 1814 the dances were the centre dance, jigs, and reels, the quadrille being then brought from Paris to England, when, it was a stately measure, only to be walked through. The measures trod after that notable ball before Waterloo written about by Lord Byron, "On with the dance-let joy be unconfined," may have included the then only coming in waltz, which was considered very improper by our ancestors. Fifty years ago the quadrilles we waltzed to very slow time, and the waltz was dignified, compared to now. It was considered "difficult to accomplish, and an art only suitable for ladies and gentlemen." When the polka first became fashionable, it was a little short jog, to "Pop goes the Weasle." Miss Piper, the daughter of Captain Piper, of the Point named after him, first introduced it in Bathurst, where she taught the young officers stationed there. Mrs. Read taught it to nearly everyone in Sydney in her day. But what shock to the artistic sensibilities of anyone who knows the ballroom of 50 years ago would it be to visit the Sydney Town Hall when a charity dance is in progress, or watch the young folk do a "barn dance," a "cakewalk," or the "Society Lancers." The "pas seuls" and "pirouettes" that distinguished the graceful dancer of other days have gone out with the court courtesy, or "curtsey," and now the "cheeky little bob" is all that remains of that graceful movement.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1907), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1913), 2  

Musical compositions:

The Irrestistible galop ("for the pianoforte composed by Mrs. C. Read") (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1865])

The Sydney quadrilles ("arranged by Mrs. Charles Read") (Sydney: J. Reading & Co., [1868]) ("composed and arranged by Mrs. Charles Read, on the most popular airs of Sydney, dedicated, by permission, to Mrs. James Martin") (2nd ed. January 1869)

Other works:

Mrs. Chas. Reed's Australian ballroom guide (? 1st edn. 1875); later edns.


Music-seller, music publisher, stationer, printer

Active Sydney, by 1843
Active as "Reading and Wellbank", 1853-68
Active as "J. Reading and Co. Music Publishers and Sellers", 1868-78/79
Died ? Sydney, 17 June 1878, aged 67; or after 1884


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 March 1843), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 October 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 October 1854), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 July 1868), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1868), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1868), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1879), 10

? "DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1878), 1

Musical editions: (selected)

Under the holly (cantata; words: R.P. Whitworth; music: James Churchill Fisher) [wordbook only] (Sydney: Reading & Wellbank, 1865)

Royal sailor waltzes (by the composer Edward Lord, Jnr) (Sydney: Reading and Wellbank, [1868])

The Molly Asthore waltzes (by Douglas Callen) (Sydney: Reading and Wellbank, [186-?])

I've waited and watched (ballad; from cantata Under the holly, above) (Sydney: J. Reading, [1868])

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 225-26


Isaac Wellbank


Vocalist, banjoist (Ethiopian Serenaders; New York Serenaders)

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1850


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1850), 1

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (6 April 1850), 2

"ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 April 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (31 August 1850), 1

"THE SERENADERS", Bell's Life in Sydney (9 November 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (23 November 1850), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 December 1850), 3

[Advertisement], Empire (4 April 1851), 1

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1851), 2

"THE NEW YORK SERENADERS", The Courier (15 November 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1853), 5

? "BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 October 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1856), 1


Songs of the serenaders, sung nightly by them, with great applause, before his excellency Sir Charles Augustus Fitz Roy, the hon. Mrs. Keith Stewart, and the elite of the aristocracy of New South Wales, part 1

(Sydney: Printed at Trood's Printing Office, n.d. [1850])

Words only; 12 pages

Copy at State Library of New South Wales 

REED, Thomas (Mr. REED; Mr. T. REED; Thomas REED; T. W. REED; ? W. REED)

Violinist, string player, orchestra leader, music class leader, composer, music retailer

Born Somerset, England, c. 1795
Married Frances German, Bristol, 17 July 1816
Active Melbourne, VIC, by November 1849
Died Fitzroy/Collingwood, VIC, 19 June 1871, aged 76 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

REED, Emma (Miss Emma REED)



Thomas Reed, "formerly of Islington, and of the Haymarket Theatre, London" was father of the composer Thomas German Reed (1817-1888).

Upon relinquishing his post as musical director at the Haymarket in mid 1849, it was reported:

Mr. Reed received a handsome ring from the members of the orchestra of the Haymarket Theatre; he is about to quit England for Port Philip.

He was already in his 50s when he arrived in Melbourne. He established a music warehouse in Bourke Street by 1850, from which in November he published The song of Victoria ("Written and Composed with Original Music, by Thomas Reed"), now lost, celebrating Separation.

At a concert in May 1850 he presented his son's Plantagenet polka, as well as his own Fantasia on Italian operatic airs and a Pasticcio, introducing the Yarra Yarra schottische and Port Phillip aerial galop (written for and performed at the recent Royal Birthnight Ball).

Reed was almost certainly a founding member of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, and was a member of its orchestra, playing cello when required, and also arranging music.


"AMATEUR CHORAL SOCIETY", The Musical World (22 October 1840), 266

"ISLINGTON AMATEUR SOCIETY", The Musical World (10 December 1840), 375

"INTELLIGENCE, MISCELLANEA, ETC.", The Dramatic and Musical Review (August 1849), 221

"CONCERT", The Argus (27 November 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 January 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 February 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 March 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 March 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 May 1850), 3

[Advertisement], T. REED'S MUSICAL REPOSITORY ... Just Published", The Argus (20 November 1850), 3

"HAM'S ILLUSTRATED AUSTRALIAN MAGAZINE", The Courier (11 February 1851), 3

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Age (15 November 1858), 4 

... The second division of the programme includes one of Corelli's sonatas arranged for a full string and wind band by T. Reed ...

"DEATHS", The Argus (20 June 1871), 4

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (22 June 1871), 2 

Mr. Thomas Reed, who expired on Monday, at his residence in King William street, Fitzroy, at the advanced age of 70, was one of the oldest and most respected members of the musical profession in the colony. The deceased gentleman was formerly "first violin," at the Theatre Royal, Haymarket, in London, and he has also occupied a leading position in colonial orchestras.

"Deaths", The Argus (7 May 1888), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Thomas German Reed, Dictionary of national biography

REES, Alice

See Madame VOGRICH


Contralto vocalist, oratorio singer (pupil of Castelli)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1864-68


Fanny Reeves made her major Melbourne debut singing in the Christmas Messiah in 1864. In a review of a concert in August 1865, she was described as:

... a pupil of Castelli, and a debutante of some promise. She is a mezzo-soprano, very pleasing, particularly in the lower notes, and gave evidence, in the singing of the Maid of Judah, and the Parting, by Mendelssohn, of cultivation and good taste.

She also sang for the Orpheus Union. Her last major Melbourne appearance was again in the Christmas Messiah in 1867, when the Argus reported:

Miss Fanny Reeves, the contralto of the evening, was ... unsteady at first, but soon rallied, and her "He was despised" was a delicious rendering of that delightful air.


There were several Miss Fannie Reeves active in Britain during the second half of the century. Blanche Whiffen (1845-1936) recalled that at the Royalty theatre in London, in 1865, she was asked to step in to Prince Amabel when "Miss Fanny Reeves, who sang the contralto role in the opera, was taken ill". An opera singer of the same name was active at Drury Lane in the late 1850s, later possibly Mrs Elliott Galer (died 1897); another was a niece of Sims Reeves (she was born in 1852). The latter may be the "Miss Fannie Reeves, of the London Concerts" who was advertised to make "her first appearance in Australia in Brisbane in August 1872.


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 May 1864), 8

 [News], The Argus (19 December 1864), 5

"THE MESSIAH, ON CHRISTMAS EVE", The Argus (26 December 1864), 5

[News], The Argus (27 February 1865), 4


"THE ORPHEUS UNION CONCERT", The Argus (15 October 1867), 7

"THE MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (25 December 1867), 5

Disambiguation references:

"DRURY LANE", The Musical World (29 March 1856), 204

[Advertisement], The Musical World (2 January 1864), 1

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (5 August 1872), 1

"WHAT WOMEN ARE DOING", The Brisbane Courier (2 December 1897), 7

[Blanche Whiffen] Mrs. Thomas Whiffen, Keeping off the shelf (New York: Dutton, 1928), 36




Go to main page: 

REID, Serjeant

Band-serjeant, Band of the 48th Regiment

Regiment's NSW tour of duty, 1817-24

See also Band of the 48th Regiment


"DISBURSEMENTS. ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 October 1825), 1

Paid Serjeant Reid, and others of the band of the 48th Regt. for performing sacred music, from 1st April 1823, to 1st April 1824....42 00

REID, James Aquinas (also Aquinas RIED)

Musician, composer

REID, Catherine


REID, Mary


See main page James Aquinas Reid and family


Conductor, composer

Active Bendigo, by 1871
Died New York, USA, 6 February 1904


Music retailer

Born Bendigo (cousin of the above)
Died Dunedin, NZ, 20 August 1916


"A COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (31 August 1871), 2

"THE EXHIBITION", Bendigo Advertiser (5 February 1887), 3

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (5 December 1891), 3

"MELBOURNE NOTES. BY ONLOOKER", Otago Witness (16 October 1901), 57

"WILLIAMSON AND MUSGROVE'S 'SIGN OF THE CROSS' CO.", Bendigo Advertiser (2 December 1898), 3

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Brisbane Courier (31 March 1902), 6

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 February 1904), 10

"OBITUARY", Bendegonian (21 November 1916), 20

Associations: Pupil of William Gollmick

REIFF, Anthony (junior)

Conductor (Lyster's company), composer, arranger

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Departed Sydney, NSW, September 1863
Died USA, ? 1916


Reiff came to Australia as musical director for Lyster's opera company in 1861. Several of his own compositions are documented, beginning with songs composed for his Lyster co-artists, Village bells (words: L. L. Lewis) (for Lucy Escott) [September 1862], and To look upon her face once more (ballad; composed expressly for his friend Henry Squires) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1862]).

Perhaps his most interesting Australian composition, historically, was the Funeral ode in memory of the deceased explorers of Australia, Burke and Wills ("Back from the Lonely Grave") (words: James Smith) (in 6 movements: Chorale; 4 solos; Quartette). [January 1863], the words only of which survive in, among othersm, The Illustrated Melbourne Post (24 January 1863), 15.

Two other works were The Poet Laureate's welcome to Alexandra (music composed expressly for this occasion [marriage of prince of Wales]) [June 1863] and, at his Sydney farewell, Souvenir d'Australie (grand mazurka de concert) (pianoforte) [September 1863].


"BOUND TO AUSTRALIA", Empire (28 February 1861), 2

[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 September 1862), 1

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 September 1862), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 January 1863), 8

"THE OPERA", The Argus (22 January 1863), 5

"THE FUNERAL ODE", The Argus (23 January 1863), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 September 1863), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Katherine K. Preston, "Notes from (the road to) the stage (Travel narrative)", The Opera Quarterly 23/1 (Winter 2007), 103-17

Zoltán Román, Gustav Mahler's American years, 1907-1911: a documentary history, 239 note 92

REILEY, Dennis

Fiddler, convict

Active NSW, 1834


[Convict notices], New South Wales Government Gazette (10 September 1834), 641 

Reiley Dennis, Eliza (5), 29-1204, 54, Cork, fiddler, 5 feet 4, dark ruddy comp. black hair, bright hazel eyes, scar top of forehead in right eye-brow, and right corner of upper lip, from No. 11 Road Party, since 15th July.

REILOFF, Madame, see

JACKSON, Madame Reilloff




Pianist, composer (accompanist and manager of Jenny Claus)

Arrived Melbourne, 19 March 1873 (per Racer, from Mauritius)
Departed Brisbane, 19 June 1875 (per R.M.S. Brisbane, for Batavia)


[News], The Argus (20 March 1873), 5

A fresh addition to the musical talent of the colony has just been made by the appearance of M. Rekel and Miss Rekel, and Miss Claus, who arrived from Mauritius yesterday, in the barque Racer. Each of the three has a specialty, Miss Claus having a reputation as a violinist, Miss Rekel as a vocalist, and M. Rekel as a pianist and composer; and from journalistic records in their possession, their performances in London, Paris, and elsewhere seem to have been meritorious.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 April 1873), 8

"A crowded and fashionable audience ...", Empire (18 April 1873), 2

"MARRIED", The Argus (25 November 1874), 1

On the 7th inst., at the residence of the bridegroom, Noumea, New Caledonia, by the Rev. Ray, Vital Richard, to Christiana Roeckel (Jeanne Rekel), daughter of Joseph Roeckel, the musical composer.

"DEPARTURES", The Queenslander (26 June 1875), 12


Violinist, composer

Born Miskolc, Hungary, 17 January 1828
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, September 1884
Departed Brisbane, QLD, September 1885
Died San Francisco, USA, 15 May 1898

Brisbane, August 1885: This evening M. Remenyi will perform the following solos, namely: - "Concerto Romantique," [Benjamin] Goddard - (1) Allegro moderato, (2) Recitativo and adagio non troppo, (3) Canzonetta, (4) Allegro molto - being its second performance in the colonies; "Invitation à la Valse," Weber; "Hommage a Paganini," Remenyi; and in addition to the above selections, M. Remenyi will execute his new "Australian Hymn," composed by himself during his tour through New Zealand, and, by special request, his soul-stirring "Liberty Hymn," assisted by the members of the Remenyi concert party.

Rockhampton, 9 September 1885: The applause that followed the conclusion of the several pieces was an indication that there are many in our midst who can appreciate high-class music rendered by an artist of such ability as M. Remenyi, and that Rockhamptonites are willing to recognise genuine talent. The most pleasing number was the Carnival de Venice with introduction and improvisation by M. Remenyi, and the storm of applause that succeeded it could only be stopped by that gentleman re-appearing.


"ARRIVAL OF THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL", The Argus (26 September 1884), 5

"EDUARD REMENYI", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1884), 8

"M. EDOUARD REMENYI ON POPULAR MUSIC", The Argus (6 October 1884), 6

"REMENYI'S CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (27 August 1885), 3

"Farewells", Queensland Figaro and Punch (5 September 1885), 6

[News], Morning Bulletin (9 September 1885), 4

"SHIPPING", The Brisbane Courier (9 September 1885), 4

Bibliography and resources:ényi

Associations: Isidore Luckstone (pianist), Hattie B. Downing (soprano vocalist), Rudolf Himmer (tenor vocalist)

REYHER, Oscar F. V. (Herr von REYHER; De REYER)

Professor of music, composer

Arrived (1) Adelaide, SA, by August 1854; departed January 1872 (for London)
Arrived (2) Adelaide, SA, late 1873
Died Adelaide, SA, 4 July 1908, in his 80th year


Reyher advertised in Adelaide in August 1854 as a "Teacher of Music, Tuner of Pianos". In June 1858, he introduced his Kangaroo polka ("Polka de Concert, pour le Piano, dediée a Madame Bentham Neales, par O. F. V. Reyher") and in July advertised:

KANGAROO POLKA and EMU POLKA, by O. F. V. REYHER, to be had by all Book and Music sellers in Adelaide".

In November 1871, Wigg and Son advertised:

We have purchased from Herr Reyher, who is leaving the colony, the whole of his Music, consisting of NEARLY2,000 PIECES, of high-class Music, chiefly Operatic and Classical, by Foreign Composers and Publishers. Also a Good Selection of Instruction Books. This collection is well known as being unrivalled for quality.

He later gave his surname as "Von Reyher" and "De Reyher".


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 August 1854), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 June 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (26 July 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (28 November 1871), 3

"PASSENGERS FOR LONDON", South Australian Register (3 January 1872), 6

"THE STRANDING OF THE YATALA", South Australian Register (3 June 1872), 5

"HERR OSCAR REYHER", South Australian Register (10 July 1873), 5

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 January 1874), 1

"DEATHS', The Register (6 July 1908), 4


Active Melbourne, 1849-50


"THE CONCERT", The Argus (26 January 1849), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (20 April 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 January 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1850), 3

RICE, Walter John (W. J. RICE; "Watty" RICE)

Viola player, violinist, orchestra leader, composer
Arrived Sydney, 1854
Active Sydney, by 1859
Died Paddington, NSW, October 1898

RICE, Herbert Henry

Violinist, orchestra leader, conductor, teacher of the violin, viola and piano

Born Woolloomooloo, 20 May 1865 (son of Walter John RICE)
Died NSW, 15 March 1954, aged 88


George Hubert Hall was one of his pupils.

Documentation (Walter):

[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1859), 1:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 December 1869), 9

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 January 1870), 4 "NEW DANCE MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1871), 4

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and County Journal (21 January 1882), 13

At this concert an efficient and well balanced orchestra, under the leadership of Mr. Walter Rice, performed the well-known overture to "Masaniello".

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1898), 12

[News], Australian Town and Country Journal (29 October 1898), 16

The remains of the late Mr. Walter John Rice, who was in turn musical director of the Princess of Wales, the Victoria, the Royal, the Lyceum, and Her Majestys Theatres, were interred in Waverley Cemetery on October 19 in the presence of a large number of friends and acquaintances. The deceased gentleman came to the colony in 1854, and for the past forty years led the orchestra at the Easter and Christmas masses at St. Mary's Cathedral.

"SNAP SHOTS", Freeman's Journal (29 October 1898), 14 

Lady Halle being a foreigner and a "star," the Sydney papers, on receipt of the announcement of her death, published portraits and flowery "in memoriams." When Walter John Rice, a true soldier of art, who had done local service as a musician for forty years, passed away last week, these papers could find room for only a few straggling lines. But it's the way of the world. A wealthy butcher, baker, or candlestick-maker would have had a column, "with portrait." Poor old "Watty" Rice, while he was alive, didn't bother his head what the papers said about him, and it is a safe thing to say that his rest will not be disturbed now by any feeling of annoyance. He did not look to the newspapers to give him a character or to pass a post-mortem verdict on his merits. His friends will write his epitaph - "A good artist and a good man." Living pretty well all his life in an atmosphere "poisoned with jealousies, conceits, scandals, and moral lawlessness," as one amiable critic has described the theatrical world, he kept himself healthy and wholesome. From the beginning, forty-four years ago, to the very end he was the same manly, honest, good-hearted gentle man - a model in patience and regularity, scrupulous in the performance of every duty, loyal in his friendships, and blessed with a disposition in which no sort of meanness could find a place. This is a good name to leave. The pity is that he did not leave us, too, his musical and theatrical recollections. "My Memories - By Watty Rice." What a bright book we might have had. Perhaps he read Emily Soldene's "Recollections" and paused. No one was better able to tell us of the "palmy days" of the Prince of Wales theatre, the old Vic. in Pitt-street, the old Queen's in York-street, and the Royal, to say nothing about the modern Lyceum and Her Majesty's. In his position as musical director in these theatres be knew everybody and saw every thing. He could have told us all about G. V. Brooke and Barry Sullivan: all about the grand old days of Lyster's Italian Opera Company; all about Catherine Hayes and Adelaide Ristori - all about every big singer and actor who has faced the foot lights in Sydney since 1854. Apart from his theatre work, Mr. Rice did great service in helping to popularize orchestral music. He was Paolo Giorza's righthand man, and later, when Roberto Hazon established his excellent professional orchestra - unhappily a thing of the past - the portly "first violin" worked with unsurpassable enthusiasm. Mr. Rice was not a Catholic, yet singularly enough he found his purest pleasure in playing on feast days in Catholic churches. His knowledge of our Church music must have been extraordinary. I do not mean to say that Archbishop O'Reily might not have put him a "puzzler" if Church music was being discussed within the strict stern lines of rubrical orthodoxy. But this I do assert, that Mr. Rice was familiar with every bar of the Mass music of Mozart, Haydn, Rossini, Cherubini, Weber, Gounod, and the other masters who are classed as "secularists" by the white-robed purists of Gregorian unadorned. I have heard it stated that Mr. Rice played in old St. Mary's at the end of the fifties. Certainly he led the orchestra there on Christmas Day, 1862, William Cordner, the organist, conducting. Cordner, "the grand old man" of Church music in Australia, selected Rice as his leader on all special occasions at St. Mary's - both in the old Cathedral and in the Pro-Cathedral. In a way, Mr. Rice was closelv connected with the whole history of St. Mary's choir. He knew old St. Mary's when the Benedictines were the guardians and ministers of the holy place - in the days when Archbishop Polding, still in his dreams, pictured his black-robed brethren established in prosperous communities all over Australia. He was privileged to know the saintly Bishop Davis, distinguished alike as a musician and as a scholar, whose quiet, gentle fancy it was to steal up to the organ-gallery, and there, as in a reverie, play with masterly touch and melting sweetness - his "audience" a few humble souls who happened to be praying in the dim-lit nave or chancel. When Cordner died, John Hill, R.A.M. (whose name cropped up in last week's "Snaps"), was appointed organist. Hill was a gifted and most brilliant plaver, and his genuinely-improvized solos were truly wonderful. As an organist he was in every respect a first-class artist. Perhaps it was on account of their very high appreciation of his powers that the Cathedral authorities did not have any "state occasion" orchestra while Hill dominated the key-board. This lasted for two or three years. On Mr. Hill's resignation, Mr. John A. Delany (Cordner's favourite pupil) was appointed organist, and the orchestra, with Rice as leader, was again engaged for the festivals. After Mr. Delany had been for five years organist, the choir was, with the sanction of Archbishop Vaughan, broken up. Under the new regime there was a semi-juvenile choir, and "Professor" Hughes was appointed organist. Father Barsanti, who had a decided weakness for operatic airs, took charge of the evening choir, and introduced a well known melody from "Lucia di Lammermoor," to which the Litany was sung. During this period - about eighteen months - an orchestra, chiefly made up of amateurs, played several times, but not under Rice's leadership. With the restoration of the old order of things, Tom Banks left St. Patrick's to take the organistship, and little Mr. Sussmilch was made conductor. Rice returned to his old post when "the band" was required. And so musical matters went on till the time came for the opening of the new Cathedral, The musical direction of the Triduum was handed over to Mr. Delany, who at once secured Mr. Rice to lead the professional orchestra. That three days' festival, in September, 1882, is "a shining white stone" in the musical history, not of Sydney alone, but of Australia. Would it be possible to ever get together again so magnificent a choir - 300 voices - and all the singers familiar with the music? It was the last great effort of the united Catholic choirs - Delany conducting, Rice leading the orchestra, and Banks at the organ. On the opening day Haydn's Imperial was sung. For the second day (Saturday) Mercadante and Gounod (the St. Cecilia Mass) were the composers selected, and on the third day Mozart's Twelfth was sung. Miss Moon, the brilliant soprano from St. Patrick's, Jim Hinchy, Jack Flynn, McLean the bass, and McCarthy the tenor, were among the soloists. These singers have passed - "where beyond the voices there is peace." The other soloists, all still happily living, were Mrs. F. J. Riley, Mrs. J. I. Hunt, Mrs. Addy, Miss F. Nowlan, Mrs. Banks, Mr. F. J. Hallewell, Mr. Frank Brewer, Mr. J. A. Gread, Mr. W. O'Sullivan, Miss Elsa Sherwin (now Madame Caron), and Mr. T. O'Sullivan. Mr. Delany, whose majestic Triduum March was splendidly performed both at the beginning and at the end of the festival, was presented by the Triduum choir and orchestra with a baton of ebony richly ornamented with gold. From 1882 to 1898 "Watty" Rice had been a prominent figure in the Cathedral choir on 'extra special' days. He led when Leon Caron was conductor; then when "Daddy" Hallewell took the stick, and continued when Delany (who had been absent from Sydney) again assumed control with the late Neville Barnett as organist. On Barnett's death the post of conductor was abolished, and Delany returned to the organ seat, surrendering it to Ernest Truman on festivals in order to conduct. The steady "leader," with his strong, clear tone, contributed to the grandeur and the solemnity of many memorable scenes in old St. Mary's, in the Pro-Cathedral, and in new St. Mary's. And what a crowd of historic associations spring up with the mention of them! There was the Te Deum for the recovery of the Duke of Edinburgh. A dark cloud hung over the whole Irish-Catholic community. Men with evil in their hearts and malice on their tongues were basely endeavouring to involve the Irish colonists in "the huge Fenian conspiracy" which never existed. Old Archbishop Polding intended the Te Deum as the Catholic public protest against the act of the wretched mad man O'Farrell. A Sunday afternoon was set apart, and a crowded congregation, including many liberal Protestants, listened to a grand and stately performance. Later on the same Te Deum (Romberg's) was played on the occasion of the welcome to Archbishop Vaughan. Rice was leader again in Mozart's Requiem on the day that all that was mortal of Archbishop Polding was carried to the grave. When Senor San Just, the Spanish Consul, was knighted, and when Sir Patrick Jennings received his Order of St. Gregory, the "first violin" was in his place. On the Jennings day the music was exceedingly fine. To give a summary of Rice's musical services in connection with the new Cathedral, it will suffice to mention the Mozart Requiem for Archbishop Vaughan; Romberg's Te Deum for the arrival of Archbishop Moran; the same Te Deum for his Eminence's reception as Cardinal; Cherubini's Requiem on the day set apart by the Holy Father for a Requiem throughout the whole Catholic world; the Cathedral festival during the Jubilee celebrations of 1888; the Cherubini Requiem for William Bede Dalley during the same year; and the festival on the completion of the sanctuary portion of the Cathedral in 1890. On Easter Sunday last the veteran violinist remarked, "I believe this is my last time in St. Mary's." I wonder if anyone ever heard Rice play a "show" solo? I never did. In this respect he was without a particle of vanity. When Madame Albani sang in St. Mary's this year, it was Allpress who played the violin obbligato in Gounod's "Ave Maria." Albani did not sing in any other church in Australia. The Cardinal invited her to sing at the Cathedral, and without consulting her concert managers, the eminent Catholic artist at once consented. From time to time one sees Albani's name figuring in the reports of the "festivals" held in the big English Cathedrals, which were built by Catholics, and are used by the Church of England. These are purely professional engagements, admission being at high-class concert rates. So scrupulous was Albani that she would not sing in any of these Protestant places of worship until she had obtained an indulgence from the Holy Father. She has since at a couple of these festivals since her return from Australia, Some "crank" wrote to the Gloucester papers last month complaining that during the Musical Festival he was not admitted to the Cathedral free, that being a place of worship. The "crank" turned up at the Cathedral, and was told he could not be admitted without a ticket. "Do you mean to tell me," he excitedly argued, "that I shall require a ticket to enter the Kingdom of Heaven?" "Well, no," explained the heretical door-keeper; "but you won't hear Mme. Albani in Heaven."

Musical works:

Up in a Balloon Galop (by Walter J. Rice, Conductor of Orchestra, Prince of Wales Theatre (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1870])

Grand Galop: The Shoo Fly (Shoo! Fly Galop) (by Walter J. Rice) (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1871])

Bibliography and resources:

Loyau, Notable South Australians, 185

Documentation (Herbert):

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 May 1865), 1

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 November 1886), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1888), 4

"THE OPRHEUS SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1889), 10

"MR. H. H. RICE'S PUPILS' CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1890), 10

"SYDNEY QUINTET SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1895), 12

? "THE RICE BROTHERS IN LAWN TENNIS", Arrow (8 September 1921), 11

"THE RICE FAMILY", Sunday Times (6 November 1921), 6  


Tenor vocalist



Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3


Vocalist, actor


Violinist, musician

Active Launceston, Melbourne, Adelaide, 1843-50

Go to main page: 


Music publisher, music sellers

Active Sydney, NSW, until 1843


Low's City of Sydney directory for 1844-45

Hudson & Dolan (late Richards), music sell[e]rs, 277 [sic], Pitt st.


Les etrangeres pour le piano forte ... composees par Henry Herz (Sydney: J. Richards & Co., [before 1843] 

Still so gently o'er me stealing composed by Bellini and adapted to the English stage by H. R. Bishop (Sydney: J. Richards & Co., [before 1843] 

See also lithographic copy of the above by Richards's successor, George Hudson 

Bibliography and resources:

Not in Neidorf 1999


Teacher of psalmody

Active Hobart, VDL (TAS), 1845


"SUPREME COURT", Colonial Times (22 March 1845), 2

... witness had engaged Mrs. Richardson to teach the children of his school Psalmody ... I selected Mrs. Richardson for this purpose from motives of compassion, and because I myself did not believe the accusations against her: I saw no reason why I should not have employed her teaching the children music.


Organ builder

Born London, England, 25 July 1847
Arrived Sydney, October 1882
Died Stanmore, NSW, 22 May 1926


G. D. Rushworth, Richardson, Charles (1847-1926), Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)


Concertina player

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by November 1852


"MR. WALLER", The Argus (19 November 1852), 5

MR. WALLER. This gentleman's entertainment, so novel to a Melbourne audience, came off on Wednesday evening, and we must congratulate him upon the success attending his debut. He is fully deserving of the high opinion expressed by our Sydney neighbours. We could scarcely expect such a diversity of musical talent in one born and bred on the soil, and therefore not being in a position to partake of those advantages enjoyed by our English vocalists, by having continually before him as examples such men as Duprez, Mario, Lablache, and others. Russel's fine scena, "The Ship on Fire", was rendered with a fine combination of passion and artistic skill; but to particularise any one song would be almost doing an injustice to the others. Mr W. has a fine voice, not of very great compass, but full and round in tone. Between each of his performances Mr. Richardson entertained the audience upon the concertina in a very creditable manner, considering it was his first appearance.

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 December 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1852), 1

MR. HENRY RICHARDSON, Professor of the Concertina, (Pupil of Signor Guillo Regondi and Mr. George Case) who has recently arrived from London, is desirous of giving publicity to his intention immediately to commence the practice of his profession. As the Concertina has never been heard at a public performance in this colony, the greater portion of the community are necessarily un-acquainted with the merits and capacity of this delightful instrument; the facility of execution, purity of intonation, harmonic effect, and variety of expression, in every style of composition, sacred and secular, of which it is capable, have secured for it an unqualified supremacy in the higher circles in the United Kingdom, where it is now practised, by both ladies and gentlemen, to a wonderful extent, its recent invention considered. With the view of affording an opportunity to judge of the merits of the instrument, Mr. Richardson purposes giving a Concert, (in conjunction with Mr. Waller, the eminent vocalist) upon which occasion he will perform some of the most admired compositions, selected from popular operas ...

[Advertisement], Empire (18 January 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 January 1853), 3

"CONCERTINA SOIREE", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 February 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 August 1853), 7

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (21 January 1854), 4

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1854), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 December 1855), 8


James Waller

John Howson

Pupil of George Case

RICHARDSON, John James Malcolm

Flautist, amateur musician

Born UK, 1 January 1788
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 25 May 1852 (on the Euphrates, from Plymouth, 16 February)
Died Sydney, NSW, 25 December 1880


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Empire (26 May 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1853), 1

"GRAND CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 September 1857), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1860), 8

"MR. FREDERICK ELLARD'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 January 1860), 3

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1880), 1

"Obituary", Australian Town and Country Journal (8 January 1881), 8

During the past week the death has been announced of one who for nearly half a century has been connected with the development of musical art in Sydney, and who as an amateur musician was as well-known in every musical circle as the most noted professional artist. On Saturday week, Christmas Day, Mr. John James Malcolm Richardson expired at his residence in William-street, at the advanced age of 93 years (not 94, as stated in the papers), which he would have reached had he lived another week, having boon born on January 1, 1788, the year on which - on the 26th of the same month - our colony was founded. From this circumstance his friends, when conversing with the deceased gentleman, used facetiously to call him "Old Colony." Mr. Richardson was in no way infirm or feeble, but when we met him some few weeks before his death, was as hale, hearty, upright, brisk, and jovial as though his "round of days" had still some 20 or 30 years to run, and he spoke of playing his flute "as well as ever." The deceased had always been a most abstemious and temperate gentleman, and his death was the result of a break up of nature. In early life Mr. Richardson had been a lieutenant in the army, and had gone through the wars of the Spanish Peninsula with the great captains of the age, having been present at the battles of Salamanca and Fuentes d'Onoro and others. He was for many years in business in Sydney, and was for some time connected with the wholesale house of Messrs. J. and J. Thompson, of Pitt-street. He had amassed considerable means, and the pretty little cottage which he possessed in Palmer-street, Woolloomooloo, was the scene of constant hospitality dispensed to amateur and professional musicians, by whom he was delighted to be surrounded. Mr. Richardson was a flautist of great skill; he was one of the first founders of the Philharmonic Society, in 1853, and played in its orchestra with Mr. J. Plunkett, Judge Josephson, Messrs. M'Donnell, Rawack, the Deanes and others. He accompanied Catherine Hayes, and Anna Bishop in various pieces at nearly all their concerts, and possessed numerous reminiscences of the latter, including many letters, and a copy of the "Gratias Agimus," written and arranged for flute accompaniment especially by the great artiste. He was particularly proud in the possession of a magnificent silver Boehm flute. He frequently played gratuitously in the opera orchestra, and at various public and private concerts, whenever his exertions could render any service to the cause of music. Mr. Richardson leaves a son in the colony, who has been devoting himself to agricultural pursuits.

"THE MUSICAL CONTROVERSY. To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 March 1887), 8

Sir, - I desire, with your permission, to be allowed to make a few remarks on this vexed question, not necessarily for the purpose of opposing any opinions advanced hy M. Henri Kowalski, "Anglo-Australian Musician," or the other writers on the subject, but rather with the object of defending our past musical career against the slurs which are constantly being directed at it ... M. Kowalski is also very hard on these poor unfortunate past "twenty-five years" of ours; and it is to this point that I wish to direct attention ... Twenty-five years ago - and for many years afterwards - we had a Philharmonic Society, whose committee and performing members numbered amongst their ranks many of our foremost men in the worlds of art, literature, and commerce. Need I mention other names than the Hon. J. Hubert Plunkett (Attorney-General), Leopold Rawack, W. MacDonnell, Dr. Foucart, J. J. M. Richardson (the vigorous septuagenarian flautist), Mr. W. Deane, the solicitor, and a dozen or two others, who with commendable regularity, scarcely to be found now-a-days, appeared on the platform at rehearsal and performance, and obeyed the directions of their conductor, as disciples follow the instruction of their Master. The conductor was Mr. John Deane, a thorough, zealous, and skilled musician, one who, like his compeers of that day, was content to practise (with veneration) the works of the great masters to the exclusion of his own pieces. Have there been in the various capitals in the world families like that of the Deanes - and the celebrated Gebrüder Müller, of Brunswick - whoso famous quartet party was kept together in the family for generations? There are many still living, and residing here, who remember the delightful renderings of the great classical quartets given us at the Philharmonic concerts by the brothers John, William, Edward, and Henry Deane ...


Musician, organist, pianist

Born George Town, TAS, 19 June 1866
Died Launceston, TAS, 14 December 1941

Bibliography and resources:

"Richardson, Kate (1866-1941)", Obituaries Australia


Pianist, composer

Born 1835
Arrived Victoria, early 1850s
Active Geelong, VIC, 1859
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 1888 (for Germany)
Died Munich, Germany, 26 November 1896

RICHARSON, Ethel Florence (Henry Handel RICHARDSON)

Pianist, music teacher, composer, novelist

Born Fitzroy, VIC, 3 January 1870
Died Hastings, England, 20 March 1946

Musical works (Mary Richardson):

Chamber of Commerce galop ("Composed by request, and respectfully dedicated to the stewards of the Chamber of Commerce Opening Ball, Geelong, 1859") (Geelong: [?], [1859])

Musical works (Henry Handel Richardson):

NLA, Guide to the Papers of Henry Handel Richardson, MS 133, Series 7 Songs

Bibliography and resources:

Dorothy Green, Richardson, Ethel Florence (Henry Handel) (1870-1946), Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

Jodi Clark, "Music in the life of Henry Handel Richardson: a provisional catalogue of her musical compositions: work in progress", Australasian Music Research1 (1996), 353-363

Elizabeth Webby and Gillian Sykes (eds), Walter and Mary: the letters of Walter and Mary Richardson (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2000)

Michael Ackland, "Only 'a well-schooled interpreter': Henry Handel Richardson's final year at the Leipzig Conservatorium and its authorial recasting", Australian Literary Studies 22/1 (May 2005), 51-60

RICHARDSON, William Albert (after 1865, Albert RICHARDSON; Alberto RICCARDI)

Baritone (basso) vocalist, singing teacher (pupil of Furtado and Garcia), choirmaster, organist, singing master (Board of Education)

Born Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England, 17 June 1839
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1853 (per Ajax, from Liverpool)
Died Dutton Park, South Brisbane, QLD, 11 August 1927


Pianist (pupil of Horsley), contralto vocalist, music teacher

Born Adelaide, SA, 5 March 1853

Died Brisbane, QLD, 17 February 1926


Contralto vocalist


William Albert Richardson, briefly a school singing master (Victorian Board of Education), left Melbourne in 1863 for study in Italy and England (by his own account with Garcia and Furtado). On his return to Melbourne, he made his professional operatic debut early in 1866.

He was moderately successful as a principal singer in the Lyster and Simonsen touring companies (Australia and NZ). He was also a Catholic church organist and choir conductor (St. Patrick's Cathedral Choir, Melbourne, 1876), and managed his own concert and opera presentations. But it was as singing teacher that he appears to have been most prominent (a notable pupil was Benjamin Clark).

He married Adelaide-born contralto Mathilde Mackereth (1853-1926), a pupil of Charles Edward Horsley, in 1870. According to information kindly supplied by family historian Chissie Macken (2015), a Miss Richardson who sang under his baton around this time was perhaps one of his two half-sisters, Mary Helen or Hilda Margaret.

As well as returning to England (1884-88, where he advertised as a singing teacher under the name Alberto Riccardi), they then lived for short periods in Adelaide, SA (1879-80), Launceston, TAS (1881-82, where he was probably not to be confused with a musical petty thief of the same name, known as the "Harmonious Blacksmith"), New Zealand (1893-95), and Sydney, NSW (1896).

They had moved to Queensland by 1898, and, with short periods in Toowoomba (1906-07) and Bundaberg (1913), Albert was based in Brisbane until his death at an advanced age. Mathilde's eldest sister, Ellen Harriet Mackereth (d.1915), was an Adelaide-based musician and teacher, and leader of Mackereth's Mandoline Band.


[News], The Argus (23 April 1863), 5

At Hockin's Booms, this evening, a grand concert and ball will be given by Mr. W. A Richardson, late singing-master under the Board of Education, on the occasion of his departure for Italy; assisted by Miss Amelia Bailey, Mr. C. E. Horsley, Mr. Marquis Chisholm, and other leading vocalists.

"NEWS OF THE DAY, The Age (24 April 1863), 5

Mr. W. A. Richardson, for some time singing master under the Board of Education, gave a concert and ball last evening, in Hockin's Assembly Rooms, prior to his departure for Italy, where he intends to prosecute his musical studies. There was a large attendance. The artistes were Miss Amelia Bailey, Miss Isoline Mercante, Miss Liddle, and Messrs Donaldson, Woolf Isaacs, Sylvanus Angus, W. Power, Kursteiner, C. E. Horsley, Marquis Chisholm, and L. L. Lewis. Mr Richardson sung "II balen," from "II Trovatore," better known as "When I behold those glances," or "The tempest of the heart." ... Without entering into further details, we may say that the concert was in every way deserving of the patronage it secured. The ball which followed was kept up most merrily until an advanced hour this morning.

[News], The Argus (6 December 1865), 5 

The Lyster Opera Company, we learn, will commence a new season at the Theatre Royal on boxing night, with " Oberon." Mr. W. A. Richardson, a new English baritone, pupil of Garcia and Furtado, engaged by Mr. Lyster in London, will make his debut as Count di Luna, in "Il Trovatore." It is stated that Mr. Richardson has an organ of very rich quality.

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 January 1866), 8

[News], The Argus (6 January 1866), 5

The successful performance of "II Trovatore" by the opera company, at the Theatre Royal, on Saturday evening, was marked by the debut of Mr. Albert Richardson, the new baritone of the troupe ... Mr. Richardson's appearance warrants an expression of pleasure in that the Australian public have a new and able performer in a style that is very grateful ... representation of Il Conte di Luna proved him to be possessor of a sweet cultivated baritone voice, capable of much expression, and perhaps force. It is not robust; and its resonant quality has been scarcely developed, but experience will give it more freedom.

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 April 1868), 8

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (26 September 1870), 4 

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 November 1870), 8 

[News], The Argus (4 May 1874), 5 

The ceremony of opening St. Monica's Church, a Roman Catholic place of worship just completed at Footscray, was performed yesterday ... The musical arrangements were superintended by Mr. Albert Richardson. An efficient choir was present. The principal vocalists were Madame Florence Wekey, Mrs. Richardson, Mr. Charles Beverley, Miss Richardson, and Mr. J. B. Whitty. The musical service comprised the Kyrie, Gloria, and Sanctus, from Mozart's Twelfth Mass, and the Credo, and Agnus Dei from Haydn's No. 1. The offertory piece was Curschman's "Te Prego," which was sung by Madame Wekey, Mrs. Richardson, and Mr. Beverley.

"ST. PATRICK'S CHOIR", Advocate (5 February 1876), 6 

Mr. Albert Richardson has been appointed conductor of the choir of the Metropolitan Church. Mr. C. A. Tracy continues to act as organist and director.

[News], Evening Star (25 February 1876), 2 

Mr. Talford Young, agent for the Simonsen Opera Troupe, informs us that his advices by the Albion and a cablegram last night intimate the completion by Mr. Simonsen of his arrangements for bringing over an opera troupe, the principal members of which will be Prima donna assoluta, Madame Fanny Simonsen mezzo-soprano, Miss Florence Fisher contralto ... primi baritoni, Mr. Albert Richardson (formerly with Lyster's English Company), Signor Pietro Luisette, Mr. Henry Hodgson; ... The Company leave Melbourne on the 29th inst.

"RECENT PUBLICATIONS", The Argus (1 November 1878), 7 

"MR. ALBERT RICHARDSON'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (28 February 1879), 7

A farewell benefit concert was given last night in favour of Mr. Albert Richardson, a gentleman who has for many years past maintained a prominent position m Melbourne musical circles as teacher of the art of singing, and who now brings his professional career to a close in this place in the midst of a large number of friends, who have been his former pupils.

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (31 March 1880), 4 

At the conclusion of the service at St. Laurence's Church, North Adelaide, on Easter Sunday morning, the members of the choir adjourned to the vestry, where the Rev. Father Cormac, on their behalf, presented Professor Richardson with a copy of Mozart's Twelfth Mass, Haydn's Imperial Haas, and Rossini's Stabat Mater, elegantly bound up in one book, as a slight token of esteem and an acknowledgment of the efficient manner in which that gentleman had conducted the musical portion of the service ...

[News], Launceston Examiner (28 September 1881), 2 

MRS. ALBERT RICHARDSON, pianiste, notifies that she visits and receives pupils.

"OPERATIC CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (1 February 1882), 2 

[Advertisement], Hastings and St. Leonards Observer [UK] (4 October 1884), 2

SIGNOR ALBERTO RICCARDI (From London, Milan, and Naples) (éléve of the famous Milanese and Neapolitan Schools), PROFESSOR OF SINGING, Primo-Baritono Assoluto Royal Italian Opera, Instruction in Italian Method of Voice Production and Development, and the Art of Singing. RESIDENCE: "NAPOLI", CAREW ROAD, THE AVENUE, UPPERTON, EASTBOURNE. St. Leonards visited every Week. Circulars at Whittaker and Williams' Library.

[Advertisement], Hastings and St. Leonards Observer [UK] (5 May 1888), 2

"THE HARMONIOUS BLACKSMITH AGAIN", Daily Telegraph (31 January 1887), 2 

About six years ago William Albert Richardson, known here as "the harmonious blacksmith," and employed at good wages in a coachbuilder's establishment, managed by his musical ability and insinuating manner to get into respectable society. He was introduced to Mr. M. Susman, who was then staying at the Brisbane Hotel, and during Mr. Susman's absence he entered his bedroom and stole a travelling bag containing over £500 worth of watches and jewellery, a considerable portion of which was sometime afterwards found secreted in the bush over the Windmill Hill ...

[Advertisement], The Age (19 May 1891), 8 

VOICE PRODUCTION and ARTISTIC SINGING Notice of Arrival from London. Mr. ALBERT RICHARDSON (Signor Alberto Riccardi of the London Musical World), Principal Baritone Italian and English Opera; and of the Royal Albert Hall, St. James's Hall, Crystal Palace and Promenade Concerts, Her Majesty' Theatre, London, has COMMENCED TUITION At his rooms, Austral-buildings, Collins-street east. Day and Evening Lessons. Circulars at Allan's, Glen's, and 8 Avoco-st., S. Yarra.

"MR RICHARDSON'S CONCERT", Evening Star (26 October 1893), 2 

"HIS MAJESTY'S THEATRE. MARITANA", The Brisbane Courier (1 May 1902), 4 

"MR. ALBERT RICHARDSON", Darling Downs Gazette (16 March 1906), 5 

"OBITUARY", The Brisbane Courier (15 August 1927), 15 

The musical public of Brisbane and abroad will regret to learn of the death of Mr. Albert Richardson, which occurred on August 11 at his residence, Deighton-road, Dutton Park. The late Mr. Richardson was a pupil of the celebrated Manuel Garcia, the master of Patti, Mario, and Marchesi. During a long and successful career on the operatic stage Mr. Richardson was principal baritone of Lysters, Carl Rosa's and Simonsen's Italian and English opera companies. For many years he was a leading teacher of singing in Melbourne, and conductor of St. Patrick's Choir, He gave many concerts in that city for charitable causes, and in consequence was made a life governor of the Melbourne Hospital. A great number of singers owe their success on the operatic stage to the training imparted by him. Later in his career Mr. Richardson began activities in Brisbane, where he successfully produced, with his own pupils, the English opera "Maritana," in His Majesty's, which was from a musical standpoint a great advance on any previous production from local talent of grand opera. Although Mr. Richardson lived in retirement during the past few years his expert advice on all matters pertaining to the voice was constantly sought, and he also was a frequent contributor to the "Courier" on musical matters. An extract from the Melbourne "Age" of January 8, 1866, records the debut in Melbourne of Mr. Richardson in Verdi's "II Trovatore," in the heavy part of Count di Luna. It records an enthusiastic reception, and "acquitted himself so well as to bring down the curtain amidst a perfect tumult of applause." Mr. Lyster was congratulated on having secured the new baritone, who was confidently expected to make other and even more decided triumphs.


Albert Richardson, The art of singing and the formation, development, & cultivation of the voice: after the methods of the old Italian masters: to which is added a biographical and descriptive list of the most celebrated vocalists of the present century

(Melbourne: George Robertson, 1878) 


Love 1981, 78, 88, 89, 192

Gyger 1999, 136, 155


William Albert Richardson, The Rex Sinnott Site: Genealogy of the Sinnott and related families 


Violinist, band/orchestra leader, composer, teacher

Active Ballarat, by 1857
Died ? Adelaide, ? 1888


Richty was leader of the band at Ballarat's Charlie Napier Theatre by March 1857. He took his benefit there in August, and later that month, with Adolphe Fleury as his assistant leader, he brought together a "Monster Band" for a "grand musical treat a la Jullien" (see advertisement for complete list of personnel). When his engagement with the theatre came to an end in November 1858, he advertised for other engagements.

He was directing the Star Orchestra at the Alhambra in Bourke-street, Melbourne, in May 1862, and in 1869 was victim of an assault in Carlton. He continued to work in Melbourne throughout the decade, toured to Sydney with the Lyster Opera in 1870, and played in Zelman's opera orchestra in Melbourne in 1873. According to his own later account, he was the first teacher of the young Melbourne-born violin virtuoso, Johann Secundus Kruse.

He directed and arranged music for many light theatrical productions, during one of which, in Sydney in June 1871, his own composition, The New South Wales anthem (lost) was given for the first time. He also toured to New Zealand in 1868 and 1879, and to Tasmania in 1878. In semi-retirement in Adelaide in 1886, he advertised:

HERR CARL RICHTY, the first teacher of the greatest violinist in Europe (Herr Kruse) is desirous of giving instructions to a few pupils, either at their own homes or at his private residence, No. 6. GRENFELL-STREET EAST.


[Advertisement], The Star (7 March 1857), 3

"CHARLIE NAPIER", The Star (6 August 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (18 August 1857), 3

"THE TORCH LIGHT PROCESSION", The Star (20 January 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (16 September 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (5 November 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 May 1862), 8

[Advertisement], Grey River Argus (18 July 1868), 3

"INTERCOLONIAL NEWS", Grey River Argus (16 February 1869), 3

"SHIPPING", Australian Town and Country Journal (29 October 1870), 28

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 June 1871), 8

[News], The Argus (27 February 1873), 4

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Mercury (28 august 1878), 2

[Advertisement], Auckland Star (26 June 1879), 1

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (25 February 1886), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Doggett 2006


Comic vocalist, actor, music hall impresario, philanthropist

Born London, 4 December 1843
Arrived Melbourne, 28 November 1871 (per Lammermuir, from London, 6 September)
Died London, 13 October 1911


[News], The Argus (30 September 1871), 4

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (29 November 1871), 4

"THE LATE MR. HARRY RICKARDS. DEATH IN LONDON YESTERDAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 October 1911), 17

"THE LATE MR. HARRY RICKARDS. A REPRESENTATIVE FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1911), 5

"THE HARRY RICKARDS DINNER", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 December 1911), 6

Relevant musical items:

Doing the block (music by Henry Benjamin; words by Marcus Clarke; sung by Harry Rickards)

Prints with portraits of Rickards:

My darling mignonette (song; words by William Carlton; music by E. N. Catlin; sung by Harry Rickards) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [1872])

Walking in the starlight (written by W. H. Delehanty; composed by E. N. Catlin; Sung ... by Harry Rickards) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [1873])

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Rutledge, Rickards, Harry (1843-1911), Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)


Master of the band of the Royal Artillery, ? bandsman (40th Regiment), ophicleide, trombone, horn player, composer

Born Lewes, Sussex, England
Arrived (with 40th Regiment), 1852

Died Sydney, NSW, April 1872

See also Band of the Royal Artillery


Riddett served in the 40th Regiment from 1829. Presumably a member of the band on arrival in Australia late in 1852, he then took his discharge in 1853. He was master of the band of the Royal Artillery in Sydney from 1858 to 1860, possibly longer.

He played professionally in orchestras, including for Lyster during 1865 and 1866. By 1869 was landlord of the Imperial Hotel, East Sydney. His documented compositions are a Bohemian quadrille and a National quick march.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1858), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3

[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1859), 8

"BOTANIC GARDENS", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1860), 5

"BOTANIC GARDENS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1860), 5

[Advertisement], "YOUNGE'S ATHENAEUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1863), 1

"Newcastle Volunteer Artillery Band ...", The Newcastle Chronicle (19 December 1863), 3

"CLEARANCES", Empire (16 August 1865), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (8 September 1865), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (3 January 1866), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1866), 8

"SHIPPING NEWS", The South Australian Advertiser (20 September 1866), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (29 November 1866), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1869), 8

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1872), 10

"JURORS FINED FOR NON-ATTENDANCE AT A CORONER'S COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1872), 4

Bibliography and resources:




Active Sydney, NSW, 1842

RIELY, Master

Boy vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1844


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1844), 3


Orchestral musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


[Advertisement], Empire (25 August 1854), 1

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (26 August 1854), 3



Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3



Active Hobart, TAS, 1855


"THE FIRST IN BATHURST STREET", Colonial Times (24 July 1855), 3

RILEY, John Augustus

Tailor and Professor of Music

Active West Maitland, NSW, 1857


"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 August 1857), 1

RILEY, William Russell

Composer, songwriter, musicseller, publican, newspaper editor

Born London, 1829
Arrived Sydney, 1847
Active Goulburn, NSW, by 1855
Died Goulburn, NSW, 11 August 1910

June 1855: AT the Goulburn Herald Oflice, price 2s., "THE GOULBURN POLKA." COMPOSED BY W. R. RILEY.

October 1855: Mr. Sigmont Presided at the pianoforte ... The Chairman, in proposing the health of His Excellency the Governor-General, remarked that Sir William Denison was evidently a man of talent and energy. Although comparatively a stranger amongst the colonists, he was favorably known to them by his anxiety to promote railway communication, and, therefore, he deserved to be regarded as a friend of the people. (Loud applause, and drank with all the honors.) Air: The Railway Galop. On the motion of the Noble Grand, three cheers were given for the Railway. Air: The Goulburn Polka.

1900: WE have received a copy of "Australia Fights for Britain's Rights," composed by Mr. Percy F. Hollis, conductor of the Goulburn Liedertafel. The words are by Mr. W. R. Riley, and, as their title implies, reflect the prevailing warlike sentiment of the time ... The song is one of the best which the present national feeling has brought forth.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald (23 June 1855), 3

"COMPLIMENTARY DINNER TO DR. GERARD", The Goulburn Herald (6 October 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald (19 April 1856), 5

"COMMERCIAL. GOULBURN", Goulburn Herald (2 February 1891), 3

"New Music", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (7 April 1900), 2

"DEATH OF MR. W. R. RILEY. A VETERAN JOURNALIST", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (11 August 1910), 2


Selections from the humourous [sic] writings of W. R. Riley (Goulburn: Herald Works, Goulburn, 1884)

Bibliography and resources:

Ransome T. Wyatt, Goulburn writers and literature [manuscript], NLA


Song composer

Active Melbourne, 1854


[Advertisement], The Argus (22 December 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 December 1854), 8

THE Song of the Bush. Tonight, at the Theatres, principal Grand Concert, and Assembly Room.

"NEW SONG", The Argus (23 January 1855), 5

We have received a copy of an original song, published by Mr. Cyrus Mason. which has for its title The Song of the Bush. It is illustrated by a lithograph of rather primitive execution, which depicts four hirsute bush men, engaging themselves with a smoke and bottled beer, in the foreground a fifth frying chops, and three old men kangaroos hopping about in the distance. The melody of the song, which is in C, is light and pretty, but the poetry may be excepted to in some few particulars ...

Musical works:

Australian Song: The Song of the Bush ("words by Velocipede, ") ([Melbourne: Cyrus Mason, lithographer, 1854])


RING, Mrs.

Teacher of music (Pianoforte, theory of music on the Logierian system, singing)

Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1844


[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (5 January 1844), 2 


Professor of Music (Pianoforte, Singing, Harmony, Composition)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1855


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 September 1855), 3

RISLEY, Monsieur

Dancer, acrobat

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1846


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (2 May 1846), 340

"THE THEATRE", The Cornwall Chronicle (20 May 1846), 384

Monsieur Risley's "posturing feats" are extraordinary, and gave unlimited satisfaction. Mr. Newton's dancing in the ancient highland fling was good, but was witnessed on Monday under the disadvantage of certain vociferations by the "gods" which we will not further allude to. [Thereafter, the Sailor's Hornpipe was billed to Risley.]

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (10 June 1846), 440

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (17 June 1846), 461

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (4 July 1846), 512

RITA, Pauline - see joint entry with her husband John RADCLIFF



Active Melbourne, VIC, late 1850


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 November 1850), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1850), 3

ROACH, Charles

Teacher of Pianoforte and Singing

Active Adelaide, SA, 1859 ("A pupil of F. Rees and Mendelssohn Bartholdy in Dresden")


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 June 1859), 1

ROACHE, John Smyly

Cornet and cornopean player, bandsman (band of the 99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, from 1843
Died Hobart, VDL (TAS), 29 September 1848, aged 23

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

"MRS. BUSHELLE'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Australian (18 June 1846), 3

... we must make mention of the Solo on the Cornopean, by a Bandsman named Roach, which was beautifully executed, and which displayed a mastery over the instrument seldom equalled, if ever excelled.

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1846), 2

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (4 October 1848), 6

Bibliography and resources:

[Memorial plaque at Anglesea Barracks, Hobart]: Sacred to the memory of John S. ROACHE Late of the band 99th Regt. Who died on the 29th Septr 1848 Aged 23 years.

ROBBIO, Agostino

Violinist ("pupil of the immortal Paganini")

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, October 1862
Departed Sydney, NSW, March 1863 (for New Caledonia) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Later in 1863, Robbio was the first concert violinist to visit Japan. Either had visited Brazil as early as 1845. Later in life he was court violinist to the queen of Spain.


"ISLE OF FRANCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1860), 5

[News], The Argus (20 October 1862), 5

A musical celebrity has recently arrived in this Colony, on a professional visit, whose credentials are of the highest order. We refer to Signor Robbio, a violinist, who may be remembered as having been introduced to a London audience by Mr. Harris, at the Royal Italian Opera, in 1851. A number of the Gazzetta di Genova, for March, 1838, is lying before us, in which Signor Robbio's successful début at the Genoese Academy is recorded; and it is added that he was the favourite pupil of Paganini, by whom his musical genius was regarded with so much approbation that the maestro presented young Robbio with a medal, and, what was of still greater value, devised him the master's own violin. Since then, Signor Robbio has visited every part of the civilized world, and seems to have been everywhere hailed as a great artiste ...

"SIGNOR ROBBIO'S CONCERT", The Argus (29 November 1862), 5

"SIGNOR ROBBIO'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1862), 13

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 February 1863), 9

... Coming to events of a more pretentious character, we have to note in the first place a concert given jointly by Messrs. Boulanger and Robbio. This took place in the Masonic Hall on the evening of the 10th instant, in the presence of a very numerous and fashionable audience. The performance commenced with a grand trio by Beethoven in C minor (for piano, violin, and violon cello), a beautiful and elaborate composition in which the united talent of M. Boulanger on the piano-forte, Signor Robbio on the violin, and Mr. Edward Deane on the violoncello, was made conspicuous, and hailed with well deserved applause ... The concert terminated with the "Valse Diabolique", by Signor Robbio, the composition [his own] being most effectively rendered. ... At the present time, Signor Robbio is fulfilling a short engagement at the Lyceum Theatre, the management of that establishment having conceived the idea that they would be doing good service by familiarising the humbler classes with performances at once so refined and elevating as those which have placed the name of Robbio so high upon the scroll of distinguished musicians."

"NEW SOUTH WALES", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 April 1863), 5

Bibliography and resources:

"NIZZA", Il Pirata (Giornale di letteratura, belle arti ... ) 4/48 (14 December 1838), 197

Francesco Regli, Storia del violino in Piemente (Torino: Enrico Dalmazzo, 1863), 192

Un fiore ad Agostino Robbio, allievo dell'Istituto musicale di Genova. Fornito di molta facilità e di flessibile ingegno, intraprese di buon'ora la carriera dei Concerti. Comò luminose vittorie nella Spagna, ed ora miete allori in America.


Church musician, music copyist

Active Sydney, NSW, ? 1824/25


In the government's disbursements (reported in October 1825), the accounts for St. Philip's Church included a payment to "Mr . Roberts, for ditto [conducting psalmody on Sunday mornings] and writing music, from 8th Sept. to 7 Dec. [? 1824/25]". Also to Robert Howe the Government printer, a payment for "10 quires of medium paper for music, 50s. from 25th Dec. 1823, to 13th June, 1824."


"DISBURSEMENTS. ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 October 1825), 1



Active Bathurst, NSW, 1846


[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1846), 3

On Monday evening, another party was invited by Mr. Lawson to meet his Excellency [Fitzroy], which was numerously attended; after which a ball Dancing was kept up until a late hour-the party did not separate until four A.M. The music was provided by Mr. Roberts, of the town of Bathurst, and did him much credit, and gave general satisfaction.

? "DANCING", Bathurst Advocate (30 June 1849), 2 [? but see Henry ROBERTS, below]


Musician (pupil of Hullah), bandmaster

Died Maitland, NSW, 21 February 1898, aged 60


"Death of Mr. A. R. Roberts", The Maitland Daily Mercury (22 February 1898), 2

... The deceased gentleman, who was 60 years of age last May, was an old colonist. Born in Maidstone, Kent, England, he was educated at Chelsea College, London, where he was fortunate in receiving personal instruction in mathematics from the noted Dr. Colenso, and in music from Hullah. Passing a competitive examination required by the New Zealand Government, he landed in that colony in 1857. After some three years of teaching in New Zealand, Mr. Roberts came over to New South Wales in 1861, and for 34 years he was connected with the Education Department, in the capacity of head master at various schools on the South Coast, in New England, and in this district. While stationed at Scone, Mr. Roberts was correspondent for the Mercury. ... He was very fond of music, and was a good performer on different instruments. He was for some time an organist in England, and he initiated a band in Inverell and in Walcha, and personally instructed the members.

"Death of Mr. A. R. Roberts", The Maitland Weekly Mercury (26 February 1898), 10



Active Sydney, by 1878
Died Rose Bay, NSW, March 1944


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 December 1878), 2

"AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1878), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1882), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 November 1883), 2

"MUSICIAN OF FORMER DAYS DEAD", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1944), 12

Mrs. Annie O'Connor, a prominent musician in the Sydney of the 1880's, has died at her Rose Bay home. Born in Brisbane 78 years ago, she was the daughter of William Roberts, manager of Christopher Newton's warehouse, and of Asenath Elworthy, niece of George Elworthy, of Sydney, and granddaughter of Major-General Elworthy, of Exeter, England. She studied the piano under Charles Packer and Sydney Moss, and showed such marked promise that at the early age of nine she played at a concert given by Madame Ilma Di Murska. Later she was among those who played at the Garden Palace Exhibition in 1879. Mrs. O'Connor is survived by a son and two daughters.

ROBERTS, Edith Annie

Amateur composer, pianist

Active Melbourne, 1867


She was a daughter of William George Roberts (d.1876) and his wife Margaret (d.1901), proprietors of a Ladies Institute in Hotham Street East Melbourne, who published her The royal Galatea waltz (by "a young [ ] of seventeen"), which first appeared in November 1867, celebrating the visit of prince Alfred, the duke of Edinburgh. It went into several editions (including a fourth) and, considerably outlasting the Galatea's stay, by February 1869, a sixth.


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1859), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 October 1867), 3

[News], The Argus (1 November 1867), 4

A waltz, entitled "The Royal Galatea Waltz," has been published for the composer, Miss Edith Annie Roberts, a young lady of Melbourne. It was written in honour of the Duke of Edinburgh, under whose grandfather (the Duke of Kent) the composer's father served as surgeon in the 1st Regiment, or "Royal Scots". On this occasion we shall only acknowledge receipt of the publication.

[News], The Argus (4 November 1867), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 January 1868), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 February 1869), 4s

[News], The Argus (11 March 1869), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 November 1870), 8

"DEATHS", The Argus (1 July 1901), 1


Leader of the A.Y.M.S. Orchestra

Active Adelaide, SA, early 1880s


"ROYAL COLLEGE OF MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR", The South Australian Advertiser (18 August 1882), 7

Sir, In your columns of yesterday you drew attention to the meeting which is called by His Worship the Mayor for the purpose of discussing on Friday evening the mode of dealing with the communication received from His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales re the establishment of a Royal College of Music. As an Australian born, a member of the musical profession, and the descendant of a pupil of the late distinguished musician Mr. G. F. Anderson, (Her Majesty's private bandmaster), I take a deep interest in the cause. In this letter it will be impossible for me to enlarge upon the subject as I should like to do, but I desire to point out, and it is my most earnest wish that we, as Australians, should make it a national matter, and take the subject in hand unitedly. It is possible (although I hope it may never occur) we may be called upon to shoulder arms in our own defence and show our loyalty to our Queen and the Crown, which we shall undoubtedly do; but in this matter we can distinguish ourselves as a nation, and show that we are possessed of a sentiment and a desire to promulgate the art of music. It has always been my wish that we should establish a national college of music in Australia, but I think the time has not yet arrived for doing so. We have many distinguished professors of the divine art in the colonies, but none sufficiently qualified to be placed in the premier position. Those who have established themselves in the colonies have done good service, but they are wanting in the abilities of high class instructors. As Australians we are noted for possessing an extraordinary ability for appreciating musical talent. Madame Anna Bishop and Madame A. Goddard have both told me that in no part of the world did they ever meet with such severe and sincere critics as in Australia. We have bad amongst us most of the world's celebrities as vocalists and instrumentalist, but when we think of the humble origin of many of the stars of great brilliancy, undoubtedly there is a great future for Australia, and I think by uniting in this matter we shall be able to distinguish ourselves, and show that our heart is in the cause. I may state, as far as this city is concerned, that the A.Y.M.S. Orchestra will assist in any movement that may be approved of by the committee. - I am, &c., GEO. ROBERTS, Leader of the A.Y.M.S. Orchestra.

"FANCY DRESS REUNION", The South Australian Advertiser (14 December 1882), 5


Dancing master, violinist, cellist

Born England, c.1815/16
Arrived Australia, ? by 1849/50
Died Melbourne, VIC, 26 July 1898, aged 82

ROBERTS, Mr. (junior)

Violinist, cellist


? "DANCING", Bathurst Advocate (30 June 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (10 April 1850), 230

"Mr. Roberts' Advertisement", The Cornwall Chronicle (10 April 1850), 229

We recommend attention to the advertisement of Mr. Roberts, Professor of Dancing whose recent arrival from Europe secures competent tuition in the most fashionable dances. Local references is offered by Mr. Roberts, who has connections in Launceston.

[Notice of insolvency], The Cornwall Chronicle (26 November 1851), 757

"ASSAULT", The Cornwall Chronicle (11 February 1857), 4

"NEW INSOLVENTS DURING THE MONTH", Launceston Examiner (11 June 1859), 2

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (18 August 1860), 4

"ASSAULT CASE", The Cornwall Chronicle (15 October 1862), 5

"MUNICIPAL COUNCIL", Launceston Examiner (18 January 1866), 2

"DESTRUCTIVE FIRE", The Cornwall Chronicle (9 May 1866), 5

"WESTBURY", The Cornwall Chronicle (3 March 1869), 3

A vocal and instrumental concert, advertised by Messrs. Linly Norman, J. H. Melvyn, and Bent - engaged, I understand, by Mr. Roberts, dancing master, Launceston - took place in the Public Library here on Friday evening last The audience, although limited, was a very considerate one. The programme was not so attractive as I should have expected, complaints being very general of the preponderance of instrumental music. The vocal pieces by Messrs. J. H. Melvyn and Bent were rendered in a style that we seldom have an opportunity of hearing, and elicited the loudest demonstrations of approval. The orchestra consisted of Messrs. Linly Norman, J. H. Melvyn, Biggs, Roberts, senior, and Roberts, junior. The overtures and symphonies were very fairly performed, considering the few players. A violin and pianoforte duet, by Messrs. Norman and Roberts, jun., and trio, violin, violoncello, and pianoforte, by Messrs. Roberts, sen., Roberts, jun. and Linly Norman, were most imperfectly rendered, causing considerable surprise. Without wishing in any way to detract from the merits of the Messrs. Roberts, I must be pardoned for remarking that although their performance on the violin may be all that is required for the purposes of their business as proprietors of a dancing saloon, it falls far short of what is actually necessary in the successful rendering of such pieces as the audience in the Public Library were inflicted with on Friday evening. The very brilliant execution of Mr. Linly Normam, however, succeeded admirably in carrying through what must otherwise have been an utter failure.

"DEATHS", The Argus (28 July 1898), 1

"CURRENT TOPICS. Obituary", Launceston Examiner (28 July 1898), 4

A private cable was received in the city yesterday announcing the death of Mr. Henry Roberts in Melbourne. Deceased, who was over 80 years of age, was a well-known dancing master, and was a resident of Launceston for upwards of a quarter of a century. About 30 years ago he occupied premises close to the establishment of Messrs. Ditcham and Button, in York-street. Mr. Roberts was a native of England, but he was educated in France for the musical profession.

ROBERTS, Oliver D.

Bandmaster, cornet player

Active VIC, 1880s


[News], Warragul Guardian (23 October 1888), 3

Some months ago we referred to the fact that a town like Warragul had not a brass band to number as one of its institutions, and we are now glad to notify that Mr. Symonds has informed us that the members y of the local branch of the M. U. Oddfellows have determined to establish a band of that description, and have secured the services of Mr. Oliver D. Roberts as bandmaster. Mr. Roberts has very good credentials as a e musician, and has filled similar positions I before, his last appointment, which he held for two years, being master of the Numurkah brass band.

"THE WARRAGUL AMATEUR MINSTRELS, AT NEERIM", Warragul Guardian (26 April 1889), 3

"BERRIGAN", Albury Banner (27 August 1897), 17


Drummer (2-14th Regiment)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1869


"LAW COURTS", The South Australian Advertiser (20 May 1869), 3

ROBINS, William

Bandsman (Band of the 96th Regiment), serpent player

Died Launceston, TAS, 13 January 1867

See also Band of the 96th Regiment



"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (14 January 1867), 2


[William Walker] ... Has there been much advance made in band instruments since then? "Yes, undoubtedly. The bass instrument called the serpent was then very much in vogue. Old Mr.Robins, who came out with the band of the 99th [recte 96th] Regiment, played one for years, and a Mr. Allen, who was a fellow-bandsman in the 99th [96th], also performed on the same instrument.

"Worlds Oldest Band Celebrates Its Centenary", Examiner (25 August 1945), 11 

[St. Joseph's Band] ... The first bandmaster was the late Mr. John Agnew, of the 96th Regiment, and the original members were: Messrs. Charles Galvin, John McKenzie, William Mainsbridge, William Robins, Andrew Skafe, Arthur McIver, Francis Mclver, Morgan O' Meara, William O'Meara, David O'Keefe, Thomas Keogh, Thomas Leary, John Leary, John Murphy, and Bernard Lynch. The first president was the late Rev. Dean Thomas Butler. Subsequently Mr. Joseph Galvin, John Galvin, Thomas J. Doolan, John L. Doolan, James Doolan, and Michael Doolan became members of the band.



Active Sydney, NSW, 1843


[Advertisement], The Australian (11 January 1843), 3

ROBINSON, Charles E.

Amateur musician, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1860s


Robinson's song No jewell'd beauty is my love (words: Gerald Massey; ""Ballad set to music and published expressly in aid of the Building Fund of the Hunter's High School, June 3rd, 1861") was published in Sydney by W. J. Johnson in 1861.

At least two other musical works by him are documented, a Christmas hymn ("simple arrangement") in 1864, and a Bridal ode ("composed and arranged as a quartette"; words and music: C. E. Robinson), sung by the principals of the Lyster Opera Company after their performance of Maritana on 11 June 1863, to mark the marriage of HRH Prince of Wales, the words only of which survive. Also on that program were Anthony Reiff's The Poet Laureate's welcome to Alexandra, and Henry Marsh's Australia's wedding march.


"PARRAMATTA", Empire (31 May 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1863), 1

"COMMEMORATION ODE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1863), 4

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1864), 5

ROBINSON, Mary Ann (Mrs. A. B.; Miss Clark)

Choral singer (pupil of F. A. Packer)

Born Hobart, January 1851
Died Hobart, 20 April 1944, in her 94th year


"MARRIAGE", The Mercury (30 December 1873), 1

"DIAMOND WEDDING ... Governor's Wife as Sunday School Teacher", Examiner (23 December 1933), 9

She was born at Hobart in January, 1851, and was educated at Beauland House, Collins-street, when Mrs. Searle was head mistress. She joined the Church of England old St. David's Sunday School at the age of six years, when Lady Gore Brown, the wife of the Governor of Tasmania, was the teacher. At the age of twelve years Mrs. Robinson became a member of the church choir, when Mr. F. A. Packer was the organist and her music teacher. At the age of fourteen years she sang her first anthem in the church. When she married she joined the Union Chapel with her husband, and afterwards joined the choir, Mr. A. J. Dentith being the organist. She became the leader of the choir, and continued so for 25 years. She sang at the opening of the new Town Hall at Hobart. When H.M.S. Galatea arrived with the Duke of Edinburgh on board there was a grand concert given in his honour, at which Miss Sarah Sherwin, Mrs. Propsting, Mrs. A. W. Haume, and Mrs. Robinson sang the principal parts. Mr. Packer held the concerts in aid of the organ fund at Del Sartes Rooms (now called the Tasmanian Hall), which was purchased by Mr. John Davies, sen., and committee. For some years Mrs. Robinson assisted Mr. Arnold at the Bethel on Sunday afternoons, and when the English traders were in port there was a good attendance. She also assisted by singing on several occasions at concerts in St. Peter's Hall, Lower Collins-street, in aid of St. Mary's Cathedral, Mr. McCann, sen., being conductor.

"DEATHS", The Mercury (21 April 1944), 8



Died Parramatta, 20 November 1826, aged 70


"DIED", The Australian (25 November 1826), 2

At Parramatta, on Monday the 20th November, aged 70, Michael Robinson, a fiddler. - An Inquest was held on the 21st instant. Verdict, died by the visitation of God. Michael was a free man, and had neither friends nor money; and it was not until Thursday that his remains were interred. Charity was at its lowest ebb, and the common-wealth did not take the expense upon itself. Application was made to the Rev. Samuel Marsden, he referred the applicants to the Police Magistrate, Dr. Harris, who gave no orders. Mr. Aird, the Superintendent, said he could not order a coffin. The Clergyman at last paid for one; and all that was left of the poor object, was enclosed in it, and removed from the house where he had died. (From the Colonial Times of Nov. 10..)

ROBINSON, Michael Massey

Singer, songwriter, convict (first Australian Harmonist)

Born England, 1744
Arrived Sydney, May 1798 (convict per Barwell)
Died Sydney, 22 December 1826, aged 92 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE public tag)

Michael Massey Robinson (c.1817, Edward Close)

Image: Edward Charles Close, "Mich[ae]l Robinson" "The Poet Laureat", sketchbook from c.1817, Sydney, SL-NSW (SAFE / PXA 1187) (image  


Robinson, a convict, was unofficial colonial bard from the early 1810s onwards. He recited, rather than sang, his annual odes for the King's and Queen's birthdays, as is made clear in the report (1816-01-20) below). Their texts were regularly reprinted in the press, as were the words of original songs that he sang on other semi-public occasions. Specifically for anniversary dinners (26 January) in 1820 he produced "Alive to the strain that gay fancy inspires",  and in 1822 (the dinner postponed until the 31 January, the former governor Lachlan Macquarie's birthday) his song was "Philosophers say, and experience declares".

At the Anniversary Dinner in January 1825, Robinson sang his song, "The annals of London's emporium have told", to the tune of Derry Down (there was another song, by the unidentified "Avec Franchase ... in his best style ... the company ... indebted to him for a sample also of his vocal powers"). At a dinner for the outgoing governor, Thomas Brisbane, in November 1825, "many excellent songs" were given, one Song "in particular, composed and sung by that old son of the Muses, Mr. Michael Robinson":

The trophies of freedom transcendent have shone,
In graceful reflections from Britain's bright throne:
And the star she diffus'd-with munificent smile,
Has glimmer'd at last on Australia's Isle ...

According to his obituary in the Gazette: "Mr. Robinson, and not Mr. Justice Field, was the 'first Austral Harmonist'."


"THE KING AGAINST MICHAEL ROBINSON", Cases in crown law: determined by the twelve judges, by the Court ... Volume 2 (London: J. Butterworth and Son, &c., 1815), 749

"Sydney", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 January 1816), 2

... At one o'clock His Majesty's armed brig Emu fired a Royal Salute; and His EXCELLENCY held a Levee at Government House, and received the Congratulations of the Civil and Military Officers, and other Gentlemen of the Colony. The LAUREAT BARD (for so we may venture to call him, from the frequency of his tributes on such occasions) presented his offering of an Ode, which, at the instance of His EXCELLENCY, he recited in an emphatic and appropriate style; the distinguished approbation of those who had the satisfaction to hear it, will best convey the high opinion entertained of the merits of this production.

"ODE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 January 1816), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 February 1820), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 February 1822), 3

"SONG FOR THE COMMEMORATION DINNER", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 February 1824), 2

"ANNIVERSARY MEETING", The Australian (3 February 1825), 3

"PUBLIC DINNER TO HIS EXCELLENCY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 November 1825), 3

"Sydney Intelligence", Colonial Times (2 December 1825), 4

"ANNIVERSARY DINNER. SONG BY MR. M. ROBINSON", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 February 1826), 3

"DEATH", The Australian (23 December 1826), 2

"Death", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 December 1826), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Donovan Clarke, Robinson, Michael Massey (1744-1826), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

ROBINSON, William Charles (Rev. W. C. ROBINSON)

Composer, hymn writer, Congregational pastor

Arrived Melbourne, by November 1857
Active Hobart, 1863-82
Died Ashfield, Sydney, 2 July 1904, aged 84


Robinson was born in London, trained at Hackney Congregational College, and entered the Independent ministry in 1845. After serving his first pastorate near Bedford, his health broke down, and, in consequence, in 1857 he sailed for Victoria, where in November he became pastor at Williamstown.

The Rev. W. C. Robinson first visited Hobart in November 1862 and returned in January to become pastor of the Brisbane Street Congregational Church, where he remained until 1882.

He was both a hymn writer and composer. In August 1863, he advertised that at a special Sunday school service "Hymns, composed for the occasion, will be sung", and at a missionary farewell in 1866, it was reported: "Another hymn composed and printed for the occasion, read by the Rev. W. C. Robinson, was then sung". His Anthem: Hundredth Psalm, published by J. Walch and Sons in Hobart in March 1864, had been "Composed for the Bible and singing class meeting at Brisbane Street Chapel, Hobarton by the Rev. W. C. Robinson, and presented to the members of the class at their social meeting, January 1864".

His publisher, James Walch, was also a deacon in Robinson's congregation.


"OPENING OF THE INDEPENDENT CHURCH, WILLIAMSTOWN", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 November 1857), 5

"HOBART TOWN AND THE SOUTH", Launceston Examiner (8 November 1862), 4


[Advertisement], The Mercury (8 August 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (11 March 1864), 1

"SACRED MUSIC", The Mercury (11 March 1864), 2


"OUR PREACHERS. REV. W. C. ROBINSON", The Mercury (22 April 1882), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1904), 6

"OBITUARY", The Mercury (28 July 1904), 5

"CONGREGATIONAL UNION OF TASMANIA", The Mercury (8 March 1905), 7

Bibliography and resources:

ROBINSON, William Cleaver Francis (W. C. F. ROBINSON; Sir William ROBINSON)

Composer, pianist, colonial governor

Born, Rosmead, Westmeath, Ireland, 13 January 1834
Governor Western Australia (1), January 1875-September 1877
Governor Western Australia (2), from April 1880
Governor South Australia, from February 1883
Acting Governor of Victoria, March-November 1889
Governor Western Australia (3), October 1890-March 1895
Died London, England, 2 May 1897 (NLA persistent identifier)




His comic opera Predatoros played in Melbourne in November 1894. At the time of his death he was working on a new opera The nut-brown maid, which was to have been staged in Melbourne.

According to his obituary:


Sir William Robinson was a musician of some eminence, and he composed a number of popular songs, among which the best known are Remember Me No More, I Love Thee So, Imperfectus, Severed, and Thou Art My Soul.


"PREADTOROS, OR THE BRIGAND'S BRIDE", The Argus (12 July 1894), 6

"PREDATOROS IN MELBOURNE", The West Australian (14 November 1894), 5;

"THE WEST AUSTRALIAN OPERA", The West Australian (1 January 1895), 6

"SIR W. F. C. ROBINSON AT HOME", The West Australian (23 February 1897), 10

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1897), 4

"THE LATE SIR WILLIAM ROBINSON. A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH", South Australian Register (4 May 1897), 5

"DEATH OF SIR WILLIAM ROBINSON", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1897), 5

Other works:

A Garland of Roses (words from the German) In The Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (2 September 1889), 12-13

Dear faded flower (song) (Sydney: W.H. Paling & Co., [18-?])

Palace of Dreams (new song; words: J. P. Douglas) (London: Wickins & Co.; Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [189-?])

If I only knew (words: Mary L. Pendered) (Melbourne: W.H. Glen, [18--?])

Unfurl the flag (patriotic song; words: Francis Hart) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [18-?])

Predatoros, or, The brigand's bride [libretto only] (serio-comic romantic opera, in two acts written by Francis Hart; composed by Sir W. C. F. Robinson) [Melbourne, November 1894]

Bibliography and resources:

F. K. Crowley, Robinson, Sir William Cleaver Francis (1834-1897), Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

ROCHLITZ, Julius Albert (Bela)

Composer, music teacher, photographer

Born Rozsnyo, Hungary, 1824
Active Victoria, 1852-64
Died Budapest, 1886


In 1866 through the presses of Schott and Co. in London, Julius Albert von Rochlitz ("late Captain Hungarian General Staff") published The Geelong Melbourne Railway Polka, "composed and dedicated to his friends in Australia". He was victim of a robbery in March 1855.


"GENERAL SESSIONS", The Argus (26 April 1855), 6

"SHOCKING OCCURRENCE AT THE STAR HOTEL", The Argus (22 November 1856), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Bela Rochlitz, DAAO


Bandsman (Burton's Band)

Active, 1856


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into bis service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same.


Tenor vocalist, artist, convict

Born Cologne, Germany, 1802
Arrived Sydney, December 1829 (convict per Sarah)
Died Liverpool, NSW, 7 April 1860, aged 56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


Transported for seven years for stealing a reticule outside the Royal Opera House in in London, Charles Rodius (also regularly "Rhodius") was assigned on arrival to the Department of Public Works, but came to public note in his own right as early as March 1830 with his lithographic portrait of Bungaree.

He was perhaps a member of the Roman Catholic chapel choir. As a solo singer, he appeared in William Vincent Wallace's concert and oratorio in September 1836. At the former, the Australian reported:

The Amateur, Mr. Rhodius, was an object of some attraction, in consequence of his performance on a recent occasion. He sung a pleasing little French song, by Boildeau, in a very plaintive style, without any attempt at display, either of compass of voice or power of execution, and was rapturously encored. He possesses neither of the latter great requisites, but the absence of these qualifications is well supplied by an uncommon sweetness of voice and flexibility of intonation.

In July 1838, Rodius, who suffered from "paralytic" attacks, sold up as he was "leaving Sydney for the benefit of his health". However, in December, his 17-year-old wife, Harriet, died in Sydney.

He was back in Sydney, recovered, in December 1839. In June 1849, at the second exhibition held by the Society for Promoting the Fine Arts in Australia, one of the pictures on show was:

No 171. Portrait of Monsieur Gautrot. Rodius. Property of Mr. Rodius. A free, light, loose sketch, full of artistical talent, and a very striking likeness.

Though his Gautrot portrait is not known to survive, that of another musician, judge Joshua Frey Josephson, does (


"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (6 March 1830), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (16 September 1836), 2

"MR. WALLACE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 September 1836), 2

"THE ORATORIO", The Australian (23 September 1836), 2

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Monitor (24 September 1836), 2

"THE ORATORIO", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 September 1836), 2

"THE ORATORIO", The Sydney Herald (26 September 1836), 2

"THE ORATORIO", The Colonist (29 September 1836), 2

"The Concert given by Messrs. Wallace and Deane ...", The Colonist (2 February 1837), 2

"Mr. Wallace's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1837), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (2 July 1838), 3

"Death", The Sydney Herald (17 December 1838), 3

[Advertisement], The Colonist (7 December 1839), 3

"MARRIED", The Sydney Herald (2 April 1841), 2

"CERTIFICATES OF FREEDOM", The Australian (17 March 1842), 3


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1860), 1

"ART, MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1890), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Jocelyn Gray, Rodius, Charles (1802-1860), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

"Charles Rodius", DAAO

Joanna Gilmour, "Fine and Dandy", Portrait 36


Pianist, composer

Active Australia, by January 1856, until ? after September 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Roeckel appeard in Sydney accompanying Frank Howson, John Winterbottom and others at the piano in Sydney in January 1856. In July and August he was advertising as teacher of a beginners music class in Ipswich, Queensland. He returned to Sydney from Brisbane in December 1856. In Sydney in March 1857, J. R. Clarke advertised:

In preparation, new dance music, by M. Armand Roeckel, viz, a Polka Mazurka, and La Varsoviana (The Favourite Varsoviana) (La Favourite).

Roeckel himself is last documented as being still in Sydney in March 1857, however, on circumstantial evidence he was probably still there in September when Clarke published his Iris Varsoviana (named after the ship H.M.S. Iris, then in port). In May 1858 Clarke announced The Australian polka mazurka, which had actually been published previously in London, under the title "Souvenir de Cork" (Clarke later also included it in his Australian Musical Album for 1863).

In addition to copies of the Australian polka mazurka and Souvenir de Cork, the British Library in London has copies of 5 musical prints by Armand Roeckel. His works are not to be confused with those of Joseph Rekel (J. L. ROECKEL, also ROEKEL), though they were perhaps related.


[Advertisement], Empire (2 January 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The North Australian, Ipswich and General Advertiser (8 July 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The North Australian, Ipswich and General Advertiser (26 August 1856), 1

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The North Australian, Ipswich and General Advertiser (25 November 1856), 4

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Empire (20 December 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 February 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1857), 5

"AN EVENING WITH SHAKSPERE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 September 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 September 1857), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1858), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1859), 10

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 February 1863), 9

ROEDIGER, Carl Gustav

Composer, vocalist

Arrived Adelaide, 1849
Died Gawler, SA, 24 September 1898


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 November 1867), 1

"THE LATE MR. C. G. ROEDIGER", South Australian Register (27 September 1898), 3

... Thoroughly straightforward and honourable, he commanded the respect of all who were associated with him. Mr.Roedigcr possessed musical gifts of no mean order, and when a boy was in great demand as a singer in his native city in Germany ... The remains were conveyed to Buchsfelde, and interred in the burying-ground of St. Paul's, which Church his late brother, the Rev. Julius Roediger, presided over for so many years.

Musical works:

Huzza for Prince Alfred, huzza (words by G. Nott; music by C. G. Roediger) (Adelaide: W. C. Rigby, [1867])

ROGERS, Edwin John

Musical memorialist, singer, bell-ringer (mayor of Hobart 1926-27)

Born c.1859
Died Hobart, 23 February 1951, aged 92

ROGERS, Ada Alice (Miss BELBIN)


Active Hobart, TAS, by 1878
Died Sandy Bay, TAS, 14 December 1945, aged 83


[Advertisement], The Mercury (9 November 1878), 3

"THE ORPHEUS CLUB CONCERT", The Mercury (18 November 1879), 2

"MUSIC AND MUSICIANS Alderman E. J. Rogers A Chat About Old Times", The Mercury (28 August 1929), 5

The young folks of to-day fail to understand that in earlier days people in Hobart enjoyed the same productions as Melbourne and Sydney, because of the direct connection which then existed between the mainland, Tasmania, and New Zealand. We had a weekly service from Melbourne by way of Hobart to New Zealand, and also a steamer the other way about. It followed from this that all the noted operatic and theatrical artists who were travelling between Melbourne and New Zealand called at Hobart, and stayed a week or a fortnight. We had all Lyster's grand operas with magnificent Italian companies ... I first saw [Armes] Beaumont with Alice May in a whole series of English operas, such as "Maritana" and "The Bohemian Girl". Simonsen's Opera Company came here. He was a magnificent violinist and his wife was one of the finest sopranos ever heard on the Australian stage. She was well over 50 years old, and yet would play a girl's part quite charmingly ... Other visiting companies were the Grace Plaister Opera Company, the Emily Melville Opera Company, the German Opera Company, with "Tannhauser" and "Lohengrin", and the Gonsalez Italian Opera Company, the last to come. Amy Sherwin made her first appearance as an operatic singer in a little opera that used to be produced by the late W. Russell, "Zillah". It was given at Delsarte's Rooms, later called the Tasmanian Hall, and now the home of the Royal Yacht Club. She then decided to go on the stage, and joined Lyster's Opera Company ... Lempriere Pringle, the famous bass, is another Tasmanian ... He became Carl Rosa's leading bass, and one of the finest Mephlstopheles on the stage. At one time he sang with the Hobart Orpheus Club ... Turning to players of Instruments, Mr. Rogers recalled such artists as Sir Charles Halle, the pianist, his wife, the violinist [Wilma Neruda], and Levy, the great cornetist, and W. H. Jude, organist and composer. Speaking of Herr Schott, the German musician who came to Hobart to organise the Artillery Garrison Band, Mr. Rogers said that he was one of the finest all-round musicians that ever came to Tasmania. He could pick up the instrument of almost any player and show him what to do. He was the finest oboist in Australia, and conducted the Orchestral Union almost until his dying day. He never had a failure in all that he produced. Outstanding members were the Misses Barclay, Hunt, Foster, Hogg, Henry, Reichenberg (the organist), Mrs. E. J. Rogers, formerly Miss Belbin (the pianist), and Mr. James Dear. Mr. Rogers was one of the founders of the Hobart Orpheus Club, and is now the president, but aside from his work as a singer in this and other bodies and in private life, with the help of Mrs. Rogers, a born musician, he had as manager of the Theatre Royal for 20 years ... 

"GOLDEN WEDDING", Examiner (9 April 1934), 8


"DEATHS", The Mercury (15 December 1945), 21

"MR. E. J. ROGERS' DEATH ENDS LONG CAREER", The Mercury (26 February 1951), 19

"Funeral of Prominent Hobart Businessman", The Mercury (27 February 1951), 8

ROGERS, Emma (see Mrs. George Herbert ROGERS below)

ROGERS, Fannie (Mrs. Ishmael ROGERS)

Music teacher, pianist

Arrived Fremantle, WA, 1887
Died Sutton, Surrey, England, 15 December 1920, aged 79 years


"DEATHS", Western Mail (23 December 1920), 19

"OLD TIME MEMORIES", Western Mail (30 December 1920), 30

The news of the death of Mrs. Ishmael Rogers, which occurred at the family home near London, a few days ago, at the age of 79, will be received with widespread regret by her many friends in Western Australia. Mr. and Mrs. Rogers, with their family, arrived at Fremantle by the steamer Australind's first voyage from London, among their fellow passengers being Mr. and Mrs. John Hurst and family, one of whom is Lady Hobbs. Sir Talbot also came by the same vessel. Mr. and Mrs. Rogers resided at Claremont, where Mrs. Rogers controlled a musical academy in which many of Western Australia's matrons of to-day received their early training upon the pianoforte. Among the late Mr. and Mrs. Rogers's surviving family circle are Mrs. Henry Trigg, of Henley Beach, near Adelaide, Mrs. Moody, of Osborne, and Mrs. Bernard Gidley, of North Perth.

ROGERS, George Herbert

Actor, comic vocalist

Born St. Albans, England, July 1820
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 July 1839
Married Emma Young (see below), St. David's, Hobart, 2 March 1844
Active Sydney, from 1848
Died Fitzroy, Melbourne, February 1872


At his benefit at the royal Victoria Theatre in March 1851, Rogers gave the Comic Song (first time) Country Fair, "introducing the Cries of Sydney, with a great variety of other novel entertainments". It was later separately billed as a comic song Sydney Cries and Cries of Sydney.


Marriages in the district of Hobart, 1844; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:831162; RGD37/1/3 no 1169 

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (22 March 1851), 3

"THE DRAMA. THE BENEFIT SEASON", Bell's Life in Sydney (29 March 1851), 2

"Royal Victoria Theatre", Bell's Life in Sydney (12 April 1851), 2

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (14 February 1872), 8

"RANDOM REMINISCENCES", Launceston Examiner (22 December 1894), 3s

Bibliography and resources:

Rogers, George Herbert, Dictionary of Australian biography 2 (1949)

ROGERS, Emma (Miss Emma YOUNG; Miss YOUNG; Mrs. ROGERS; Mrs. G. H. ROGERS; Mrs. George Herbert ROGERS)

Dancer, vocalist, actor

Born ? England, c. 1815
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 28 January 1842 (per Sydney, from the Downs, 3 October 1841)
Died Coogee, NSW, 15 October 1862, aged 47


Emma Young was one of Anne Clarke's party of new talent for Hobart theatre, including the Howsons and Gerome Carandini, that arrived in January 1842. She was sister of the actor, vocalist and dancer Charles Young. She married the actor G. H. Rogers (see below) They first appeared in Sydney in January 1848.


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (1 February 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (18 February 1842), 3

"THE ALBERT THEATRE", The Courier (18 March 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (20 January 1843), 1

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (7 February 1843), 3

"THE THEATRE", The Courier (1 September 1843), 2

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (24 September 1844), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Colonial Times (4 August 1846), 2

"DEATHS", Empire (17 October 1862), 1

"RANDOM REMINISCENCES", Launceston Examiner (22 December 1894), 3s


Choral conductor (Geelong Sacred Harmonic Society)

Active Geelong, VIC, 1854-55


"THE GEELONG SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", Geelong Advertiser (24 February 1855), 2

"THE GEELONG SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", Geelong Advertiser (3 March 1855), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY. To the Editor", Geelong Advertiser (9 June 1855), 2

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (26 June 1855), 2

"SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", Geelong Advertiser (4 February 1856), 2

"THE GEELONG SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser (27 February 1856), 2

ROLFE, Thomas (T. Rolfe Jun.; Thomas Hall ROLFE junior)

Organist, pianist, piano tuner, music publisher, music seller, agent for William Rolfe and Sons pianos

? Born 26 January 1819; baptised All Hallows, Honey Lane, London, England, 28 February 1819
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 January 1842 (per Duke of Roxburgh, from Cork, 4 September 1841)
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), until April 1847
And Melbourne, VIC, until November 1847 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Rolfe & Sons pianos in colonial Australia: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Thomas Rolfe junior, "agent for William Rolfe and Sons, Cheapside, London", was perhaps the Thomas Hall Rolfe born to Nicholas Rolfe and his wife Elizabeth in London in 1819; William Rolfe was his grandfather, and Thomas Hall Rolfe senior (1787-1847) his uncle. When Thomas Rolfe senior died early in 1847, his brother Nicholas was appointed his executor, and it is perhaps of some significance that Thomas junior disappears from the colonial record late that same year.

Rolfe first advertised new music for sale and pianos tuned in Sydney in February 1842. As early as April 1842 he was printing music locally, advertising:

This day is published, by T. Rolfe, 4, Hunter-street, THE EAGLE CHIEF and THE ABORIGINAL MOTHER, Australian Melodies. Nos. I and 2: Poet, Mrs. Dunlop; Composer, I. Nathan", and also "the celebrated Prince Albert's Band March, as played by the military bands, arranged for the pianoforte by Stephen Glover.

This latter drew adverse comment from the Herald, which noted:

Our music press has again been to work, and has issued, not an Australian composition calculated to undeceive those who imagine that we can only deal and barter, but a reprint of a very trashy piece for the pianoforte, called Prince Albert's Band March - the catchpenny title of which would be sufficient to deter any common-sensed amateur ... But are these the things we are to have reprinted in Australia? Certainly not.

Perhaps to atone for this, a fortnight later Rolfe advertised that he would publish "all the songs" from Charles Nagel's "Sham Catalani", or Mock Catalani, and four songs were issued: "A sensitive Plant", "It was but a dream", "The pretty bark hut in the bush", and "Wellington".

In June he released No. 1 of a projects series, The Australian musical bijou, which contained imported songs by Knight, Russell, and Bellini and which W. A. Duncan in the Chronicle judged "far superior to any lithographed music yet produced in the colony" despite several errors.

In 1843, Rolfe was offering to supply the instrumental needs of both military ensembles and "Teetotal, and other Bands", a section of the musical economy that George Hudson would later also target.

In July that year we also learn of a personal misfortune; his wife, variously Rachael or Rosetta Mears, whom he had married in Sydney on 23 August 1842, was charged and tried for bigamy. Having moved first to Pitt-street and then to George-street, Rolfe continued trading through the first half of 1844. But between July and September he relocated his business to Hobart, and by early 1845 to Launceston.

There he was appointed organist of St. John's Church in September 1845, and in 1846, along with James Henri Anderson, was one of the pianists assisting at Madame Gautrot's Launceston concert. He disappears from record after leaving Launceston for Melbourne in August 1847.

The novelist Frederick Rolfe "Baron Corvo" (1860-1913) was born at the family firm's address, 61 Cheapside, London, son of James Rolfe (c.1827-1902), who was probably Thomas's younger brother.


"ARRIVED", Australasian Chronicle (11 January 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 February 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (24 February 1842), 3

"ORGANIST", Australasian Chronicle (8 March 1842), 2 

ORGANIST. - We call the attention of clergymen and others to a very liberal offer on the part of Mr. Rolfe, of O'Connell-street, announced an our advertising columns. The instrument alluded to is of excellent quality.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (28 April 1842), 3

"NEW MUSIC", Australasian Chronicle (3 May 1842), 2 

"Music", The Sydney Herald (5 May 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (19 May 1842), 3

"NEW MUSIC", Australasian Chronicle (12 May 1842), 2

"NEW MUSIC", Australasian Chronicle (18 June 1842), 2

"CHARGE OF BIGAMY", Australasian Chronicle (22 July 1843), 2

CHAUDE or BIGAMY. - It will be seen by our Police Report that there is a case of bigamy at present under investigation before that Court. The hearing of the case commenced yesterday, before Mr. Windeyer and Alderman Broughton; it occupied the Court for upwards of two hours, and was then adjourned for a fortnight, to allow the complainant time to produce a witness residing at Goulburn, named Myers, a cousin of the defendant, who, it is alleged, saw the first marriage celebrated in London. The parties are Lewis Cohen, a man who had been transported for seven years from Van Diemen's Land to a penal settlement, where he became free about the year 1841. The defendant is a Mrs. Rolfe, late Myers, whose present husband keeps a music-shop in Pitt-street. From the evidence given yesterday, it appears that the complainant and defendant were married in London, after the Hebrew form, about twenty years ago, and while in London the defendant bore complainant two children. They afterwards went to Van Diemen's Land, where the complainant was convicted, and transported to a penal settlement for seven years ... On the 13th of August, 1842, the defendant again married a person named Rolfe, with whom she is at present living. It was also given in evidence by the Rev. B. Lewis Watson, minister of St. Andrew's parish, here, that he solemnised the said marriage by a special license, in which the defendant stated that she was a widow named Meurs; that soon after the marriage had been celebrated, Mr. Watson having been given to understand that the defendant had gone by the name of Myers, and was not a resident in his parish, called on her and Rolfe for an explanation, but none was given him . ..

[Advertisement], The Weekly Register 1/3 (12 August 1843), 38

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1844), 3

"NEW MUSIC", The Australian (9 April 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (7 September 1844), 1

"PIANOFORTES", The Cornwall Chronicle (29 January 1845), 3

"ORGANIST OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 September 1845), 186

This appointment has been given to Mr. T. Rolfe, who is the son of Mr. Rolfe the Piano-forte maker, of Cheapside in London. Mr. T. Rolfe purposes establishing himself in the town, as a Tuner and Repairer of Piano-fortes.

"SAINT JOHN'S CHRUCH SUNDAY AND DAY SCHOOLS", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 November 1845), 294-95

... We understand that considerable exertions are being made by the new organist of the Church, for the improvement of the children in Sacred Psalmody; but as Mr. Rolfe has only been in Launceston a few weeks, it would be unfair to give an opinion about their proficiency ... We have heard that the Bishop was pleased to compliment Mr. Rolfe on the performance of Sunday. The voluntary played at the commencement (selected from one of Casalis' Masses) was truly grand and soul-inspiring, and was executed in a manner highly creditable to the performer.

"MADAME GAUTROT'S CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle (18 February 1846), 132

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (16 September 1846), 715

"NEW YEAR'S DAY", The Cornwall Chronicle (2 January 1847), 6

"TO THE EDITOR ... LITERARY DISTINCTION", Launceston Examiner (30 January 1847), 5

"SHIPPING NEWS", The Courier (25 August 1847), 2

[Advertisement], The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (19 October 1847), 3 

Extant publications:

Hunter Street, April 1842, in addition to the two Nathan works above:

Child of earth with the golden hair (cavatina composed by Charles E. Horn)

Pitt Street, December 1842 to January 1843

Billy Barlow (arranged by George Coppin, Published by Thomas Rolfe, Music Seller, 26 Pitt-street, 1843) [though this cannot in fact have been published earlier than March or April]

George Street, January-July 1843

Had I a boat on some fairy stream  (ballad composed by John Rogers)

The rover's bride (a ballad T.H. Bayly; composed by A. Lee)

See also; and editions listed in Neidorf 1999, 228 (however, the Rolfe edition of Worgan's psalm tunes mentioned is probably a chimera).

In addition, University of Sydney, RN CON, owner bound album, "MISS E. [STRONG]." (probably sister of George Strong) has four Rolfe prints, as followes:

Dos Santos's 5th set of original quadrilles, Les etoilles, arranged for the piano forte by A. C. Whitcombe (Sydney: Published by T. Rolfe, Hunter Street, n.d.); titlepage: "H. C. Jervis, Sc."

New series, Dos Santos's 3rd set of original quadrilles, La reine d'ocean, arranged for one performer on the piano forte, by A. C. Whitcombe (Sydney: Published by T. Rolfe, George Street, n.d.)

New series, Les Portugaises, 2nd set of original quadrilles and a waltz, for the piano forte, composed by J. Duarte Dos Santos (Sydney: Published by T. Rolfe, Hunter Street, n.d.)

Second set of Royal Irish quadrilles, composed and dedicated to his friend Mons. T. Chap of Liverpool, by Jullien; these quadrilles were composed expressly for the Dublin Promenade Concerts and performed nightly with the greatest success by the author & his inimitable band (Sydney: Published by T. Rolfe, music seller, George Street, n.d); "Price 4/."; "J. Carmichael, Sc. Sydney"

John Carmichael's titlepage for Rolfe is one of his most impressive music covers, but notably different from that he engraved for Francis Ellard's roughly contemporary Sydney edition of the same title (see below), which has a view of Sackville Street, Dublin, as do the covers of Pigott's original Dublin editions (see below)

Note also that the music pages of Rolfe's edition do not use the same plates as Ellard's, see: Ellard edition (DIGITISED) Pigott titlepage (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Novak Clinkscale, Makers of the piano, volume 2, 1820-1860 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), 312-13 (PREVIEW)

Neidorf 1999, 228

Levi 2013, These are the names, 156

... on 27 July 1843, an embittered [Lewis] Cohen charged his wife with bigamy. While Cohen was in prison, Rachel had formed a relationship with a musician named Rolfe who lived in Pitt Street, Sydney. She had left Hobart Town, and on 23 August 1842, had married Mr. Rolfe. Cohen promptly arrived in Sydney, accepted £20 to keep quiet about her status, and then changing his mind, charged her with bigamy ...

Exeter working papers in British book trade history; the London book trades 1775-1800: a preliminary checklist of members. Names R

ROLFE, William, music seller and publisher and pianoforte maker, 112, Cheapside 1797-1830. Trading: alone 1797-1807; as William Rolfe and sons 1808-1816; as William Rolfe and Co. 1817-1826; as William Rolfe and sons 1827-1830. Previously partner in Culliford, Rolfe and Barrow. Humphries and Smith.


Music publisher, bookbinder

Born Glasgow, Scotland, 11 December 1812
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 26 August 1833 (per Othello)
Died Bay of Biscay, 10 January 1866 (in wreck of the London)


A Scot himself, Hobart bookbinder and occasional publisher probably issued only this single lithographed musical print, Caller herrin ("The Celebrated Scotch Song ... as sung by Mr. J. R. Black, with symphony from Knapton's variations") on 31 December 1861. Notably, he made no mention of the fact that his fellow townswoman, Augusta Packer, was daughter of the song's composer, Nathaniel Gow, though her son Frederick Packer junior did deputise as pianist for John Reddie Black on one occasion.


[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (17 November 1837), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (31 December 1861), 3

"NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (31 December 1861), 2 

We have received a copy of the celebrated Scotch song "Caller Herrin," which Mr. Black, the Vocalist, rendered so popular in Hobart Town, It is published by Mr. Rolwegan, of Collins Street, having been lithographed by J. Alvarez, of Warwick Street. The frontispiece is a beautiful specimen of illuminated lithography, and contains a vignette of St. Giles', Edinburgh, whilst in another vignette is a "Scotch lassie," vending " Caller Herrin." As a specimen of colonial art, it is highly creditable, and wo can only hope that both the publisher and the lithographer may meet with that success which their enterprise deserves.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (1 January 1862), 1

"THE FOUNDERING OF THE STEAMSHIP LONDON", The Mercury (19 March 1866), 2 

Other resources:

Caller herrin (The celebrated Scotch song ... as sung by Mr. J. R. Black, with symphony from Knapton's variations) (Hobart Town: G. Rolwegan, [1861/2]) (DIGITISED)

SL-TAS (TAO): George Rolwegan NG1326 [Records] [manuscript]

Bound volume of sheet music (half-bound in leather by G. Rolwegan, Hobart Town) 

This book of mostly imported music also contains copies of colonial works by Joseph Reichenberg, John Howson, and Francis Hartwell Henslowe

ROPER, Edmund Alphonsus

Organist, pianist, arranger

Born Nottingham, England, 23 June 1846
Arrived Hobart, TAS, ? c.1855
Died Glebe, NSW, 28 March 1874, aged 27


"READING AT NEW TOWN", The Mercury (9 June 1868), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (17 August 1868), 1

"RESIGNATION OF MRS. E. A. ROPER", The Cornwall Chronicle (3 October 1868), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1871), 8

"SYDNEY CHORAL SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1873), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1874), 1

"DEATH OF MR. ROPER", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1874), 4

The musical profession has lost a very promising young member in the death of Mr. Roper, the late organist of St. Patrick's Church, who died on Saturday evening after an illness of only a few days. Mr. Roper was well known in connection with the popular concerts given in Sydney, more particularly those of a sacred character.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1878), 5

WE have received from Mr. J. R. Clarke, the publisher, a copy of "O Salutaris Hostia", as sung by Miss E. A. Moon. It was arranged by the late E. A. Roper (sometime organist of St. Patrick's Church). Many of our readers will no doubt be glad to obtain this arrangement of a much-admired air by Mercadante.

"ORGANIST'S UNIQUE RECORD", The Mercury (1 September 1923), 15


Pianist, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1853


In Sydney in September 1853, Ferdinand Rosenstein, "The celebrated pianist ... from Hamburgh", advertised as a Quadrille pianist, appeared in concert with Flora Harris and John Howson, and saw his lost The remembrance polka ("dedicated with permission to the Hon. Mrs. Keith Stewart") published by Woolcott and Clarke. In December he was in Bathurst, advertising as local agent for Woolcott and Clark. He was in Melbourne by December 1854.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1853), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 September 1853), 1

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (10 December 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 December 1854), 3

"BIRTHS", The Argus (27 September 1856), 4

ROSENSTENGEL, Ferdinand Nikolaus

Professor of Music, pianist, composer

Active (? Geelong, VIC, 1858-60) Brisbane, QLD, by 1863
Died Towong, Brisbane, QLD, February 1890


A Mr. F. Rosenstengel was teaching Singing and German at Geelong's National  Grammar School between July 1858 and December 1860.

F. N. Rosenstengel advertised as a "Professor of Music" in Brisbane in January 1863, having arrived at Moreton Bay onboard the ship Duke of Newcastle (from Cork and Liverpool).

If they are the same person, he must have returned to Europe in the interim.

At his concert in Brisbane in July 1864 the band played an unattributed Bendigo polka, and his own Neptune schottische.

As conductor he collaborated with pianist Silvester Diggles in the Brisbane Philharmonic Concerts in 1867. A review of his Our Nellie's schottische (Brisbane: Gordon & Gotch, [1885]) imputing plagiarism prompted him to defend himself in print.


[Advertisement], The Star (7 July 1858), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 December 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Courier (30 January 1863), 3

"PRESENTATION TO THE REV. W. J. LARKIN", The Courier (5 February 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (8 June 1863), 3

"MR. P. C. CUNNINGHAME'S entertainment", The Courier (12 June 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The North Australian (26 September 1863), 4

"NOTES AND NEWS", The North Australian (19 July 1864), 2

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERTS", The Queenslander (30 March 1867), 12

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (16 July 1864), 1

"LADIES IN PARLIAMENT. TO THE EDITOR", The Brisbane Courier (23 April 1870), 5

"MARRIAGES", The Queenslander (29 March 1879), 385

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (28 May 1883), 1

[News], The Brisbane Courier (29 June 1883), 5

[News], The Brisbane Courier (16 June 1885), 5

"OUR NELLIE'S SCHOTTISCHE. TO THE EDITOR", The Brisbane Courier (18 June 1885), 5

"NEW MUSIC", Queensland Figaro and Punch (12 February 1887), 3

[News], The Brisbane Courier (27 February 1890), 4

A large circle of musical friends will read with regret of the death of Herr Rosenstengel, the clever pianist and teacher of music, who has practised and taught in Brisbane for something like a quarter of a century. Among other positions which he filled was that of teacher to the choirs of St. Stephen's Cathedral and St. Patrick's Church, Fortitude Valley. The deceased gentleman's funeral took place yesterday afternoon and was largely attended. The procession was headed by a band composed of those anxious to do honour to so old a musician.

[Advertisement; probate], The Brisbane Courier (29 March 1890), 2

ROSENSTENGEL, Ludwig (junior)

Oboist, violinist, composer, Teacher of Music

Active Brisbane, QLD, from 1883


Ludwig Rosenstengel, nephew of F. N. Rosenstengel and "a pupil of Herr Ton, chef d'orchestre of the private orchestra of H.R.H. the grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar" made his first Brisbane appearance at his uncle's concert in May 1883.

References: [Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (28 May 1883), 1

[News], The Brisbane Courier (29 June 1883), 5

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (5 September 1883), 1

"NEW MUSIC", Queensland Figaro and Punch (14 January 1888), 11s 

NEW MUSIC. Reminiscence of the Ruins of Pompeii. Nocturne, for piano, by Ludwig Rosenstengel, junior. Gordon & Gotch, publishers, Brisbane. The latest candidate for public favor in the shape of local musical composition is the nocturne, by our townsman, Herr Rosenstengel, the well-known oboe player. The general character of the piece is in; strict keeping with its title, being a graceful idyll phrased in simple, dreamy style. The melody is clear and well marked, and within the reach of the veriest tyro on the keyboard, and, barring a few clerical errors, is worth including in every music portfolio. Herr Rosenstengel, I believe, makes his first bow to a Queensland audience as a composer in this instance, and from such a promise I think he will issue yet something of a more ambitious and enduring nature. The frontispiece is hardly up to the best productions of the publishers, otherwise the get-up is passable. For the benefit of the beginner, I ought to mention that the nocturne is written throughout in six-eight time, in E flat major, with a brief modulation in the relative key of B flat after the orthodox rule.

ROSS, Thomas Andrew

Singing master (late Organist of St. Nicholas Church, Dundalk), Teacher of Vocal and instrumental music

Active Brisbane, by 1865
Died Brisbane, 1892


[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (6 December 1865), 1

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (11 November 1865), 1

"COURT OF REQUESTS", The Brisbane Courier (5 December 1867), 2

[Advertisement - probate], The Brisbane Courier (16 July 1862), 7

ROSSI, Madame Elena

Soprano vocalist

Active Melbourne, 1854


Madame Elena Rossi, a "Pupil of Signors Garcia and Crevelli ... just arrived from England" first appeared in concert in Melbourne for John Winterbottom on 30 January 1854, singing a scene from Ernani, and again for him in a concert at Prahran in June. Otherwise unknown, her explanation that her teacher Garcia was also "singing master to Jenny Lind and Madame Sontag" may be a clue as to her identity, as Henriette Sontag (who, coincidentally, almost two years into her tour of America, died in Mexico in June 1854) was also widely known by her married name of Madame Rossi.


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 January 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 January 1854), 10

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 June 1854), 3

ROWE, Louisa Jane (Miss ROWE; Mrs. John PARKIN)

Vocalist (pupil of Carl Linger), pianist

Active Adelaide, from 1858
Died Adelaide, 29 November 1919, aged 76 years, a colonist of 76 years


A pupil of Linger, Rowe notably sang in the first public performance of Linger's Song of Australia at Gawler in December 1859, and on the same program gave the first performance on the piano of Linger's lost Fantasia on the Song of Australia.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (14 July 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 July 1854), 1

"GRAND CONCERT", South Australian Register (17 July 1854), 2

"MRS. MITCHELL'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (15 February 1855), 3

"MR. R. B. WHITE'S CONCERTS", South Australian Register (11 March 1858), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 June 1859), 1

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (16 June 1859), 2

"GAWLER INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (14 December 1859), 3

"GRAND CONCERT AT THE GAWLER INSTITUTE", The South Australian Advertiser (14 December 1859), 3

"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (4 June 1866), 2

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (2 December 1919), 6

"OLD PUPIL OF CARL LINGER", The Advertiser (16 March 1936), 20

"CHIT CHAT FOR WOMEN", The Advertiser (4 October 1927), 8

ROYAL, Creed

Flautist, composer

Born England, ? 1807/8
Arrived 1853
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 15 March 1876, in his 68th year

ROYAL, Miss (Miss Creed ROYAL; Mrs. O'HARA)


Died Rockhampton, QLD, 2 May 1876

ROYAL, Bonnie



Piano tuner

Image: (sketch by Gordon McCrae)


Creed Royal was active in Melbourne by February 1853 and later that year settled in Geelong. A Splendid NEW SCHOTTISCHE ("Patronised by Lady Barkley") composed by him, published by George Chapman, was advertised in Melbourne in February 1857 (no copy identified), and his The Governor Musgrave schottische (Adelaide: J. Woodman) appeared in October 1873.

There are also later (posthumous) references to a Fantasie brillante for flute composed by Creed Royal. In the opera Lucia in Melbourne on the evening of 6 march 1876, the Argus noted

Mr. Creed Royal was greatly missed from the band in the early part of the work last night; but in the "Mad Scene", the flute obligato part was played with consummate skill by Signor Giammona.

Royal died a week later.


"INSOLVENT DEBTORS", The Jurist 13/658 (18 August 1849), 305

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 February 1853), 8

"ARE WE TO BE A MUSICAL COMMUNITY", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (31 August 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 February 1857), 8

"New Music", South Australian Register (11 October 1873), 5

"THE OPERA. LUCIA DI LAMMERMOOR", The Argus (7 March 1876), 7

[News], The Argus (16 March 1876), 5

Mr. Creed Royal died yesterday, at an advanced age, after having I been for years past one of the leading flautists in the operatic orchestra. He was kindly thought of by all who knew him, and was a man of large experience. He played under Mendelssohn when that great master first produced his oratorio "Elijah" at Birmingham, in 1847. The late Mr. Creed Royal leaves a widow in feeble health.

"DEATHS", The Argus (18 March 1876), 1

"THE LATE MR. CREED ROYAL", Launceston Examiner (1 April 1876), 3

"ROCKHAMPTON", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 May 1876), 5

"NORTHERN NEWS", The Queenslander (20 May 1876), 8

[News], The Argus (13 October 1876), 5

"MRS. CREED ROYAL. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (26 October 1876), 10

[Advertisement], Morning Bulletin (23 October 1878), 3

"CARMEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1879), 6

ROYLE, Bert (Albert)

Baritone vocalist, librettist, songwriter

Born England, 1860/1
Arrived Australia, c. 1889
Died NZ, 18 September 1929, aged 68 (NLA persistent identifier)


"Green-room Gossip", Illustrated Sydney News (18 February 1893), 19

"THE LATE MR. BERT ROYLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 September 1929), 12

... An Englishman by birth, Mr. Royle came to Australia about 40 years ago with an English opera company, in which he sang baritone roles. After this company had departed he remained here, and became well known in character parts in "straight" drama, such as the role of Hardress Cregan in "Colleen Bawn." He wrote the libretto for a number of the J. C. Williamson musical productions of 35 years ago, including "Djin-Djin" and "Matsa," and superintended the details of the staging.


There's something about 'er as fetches yer (written by Bert Royle; composed by Hewetson Burne) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [between 1891 and 1899])

It may be love (words by Bert Royle; music by Leon Caron) (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., 1897)

I've chucked up my push for the donah (Australian Larrikin song) (Sydney & Melbourne versions complete; written by Bert Royle; music by Lovell Phillips (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [1893])


See Dinah MURRAY


"Musician", piano tuner, ? convict

Active Launceston, 1838


"LAUNCESTON POLICE", The Cornwall Chronicle (31 March 1838), 1

John Rukely, a regular barn-door bred bumpkin, was complained of by his master, for neglect of duty. Mr. Chittleburgh stated that nothing more was required of the fellow than to keep clean a couple of rooms, and occasionally to chop a little wood, neither of which he would do. The fellow, when called on for his reason, said, he was never accustomed to washingrooms. No, he was a MUSICIAN. And pray, said the magistrate, on what instrument do you play? Oh! answered the clod-pole, I tunes pianny fortes, but all my family are musicians. Had he said he was a milliner, his appearance could not have more blankly contradicted his assertion. The magistrate sentenced this Orpheus to try if he could not make the stones jump to the music of his hammer, for the space of two months.


Amateur pianist, astronomer

Born Stargard, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany, 18 May 1788
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 November 1821 (in the suite of governor Thomas Brisbane)
Departed Sydney, NSW, January 1829 (for London)
Died Lisbon, Portugal, 1862 (NLA persistent identifier)


Governor Thomas Brisbane's private astronomer, Rümker was also a keen amateur musician, as Elizabeth Macarthur and George Boyes recorded.


Sibella Macarthur Onslow (ed.), Some early records of the Macarthurs of Camden (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1914), 373-74

[Letter from Elizabeth Macarthur, Parramatta, 4 September 1822]

I have already said that we are much pleased with Sir Thomas Brisbane and His Family. The Governor himself is fond of scientific pursuits, and is devoted to astronomy in particular. He brought with him a number of valuable instruments, which are set up in an observatory which he has had built near the Government House at Parramatta. Mr. Rumker a Gentleman well known in the annals of science, and a German by birth came to this country with Sir Thomas. He is domiciled with the family and has charge of the Observatory ... Lady Brisbane has a good Piano, on which she occasionally plays, and accompanies the instrument with her voice. Miss Macdougall plays the Harp, and Mr. Rumker the Piano in turn. The Germans are passionately fond of music.

Chapman 1985, 178-79

George Boyes, letter to Mary Boyes, 12 April 1824

[21 February 1824] ... Runker [sic] walked over from his farm to De A's [De Arrietta's] for dinner - 8 miles through a hot wind and under a burning sun - of course a little discomposed the arrangements of his toilet. He apologized for his appearance and therefore nothing more can be said ... [179] ... In the course of the evening [Rumker] talked much and well upon the fine arts - spoke of Memmon's Head and the Horses upon Monte Cavallo - told me he played the piano - murdered an air of Cimarosa's and fell fast asleep. The exercise, the wine and the unusual animation of the evening ...

Bibliography and resources:

G. F. J. Bergman, Rümker, Christian Carl Ludwig (1788-1862), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

RUSH, Emily Agnes (Emelie RUSH; Mrs. William Rutherford ALCOCK)

Contralto vocalist

Born Maclean, NSW, 24 September 1874
Died Grafton, NSW, 1962


Gard 2011 has a brief biography of Michael Rush's sister Emily Rush, who was a member of the Hallewell Glee Club (275-76: Other musical references include details of the Rush-Trickett rowing race, the background to Giorza's Trickett galop and the song The champion and Rush (by a True Cornstalk).


[News], Clarence and Richmond Examiner (6 June 1891), 4

St. Mary's Pro Cathedral. On Sunday last Gounod's beautiful Ave Maria was rendered with much taste and expression. Miss Emily Rush's fine contralto voice was in splendid form, clear and powerful on the high notes, impressing one throughout with the sentiment of the prayer. The violin, obligato by Miss Steber was well and efficiently performed, one or two passages especially shewing the skill, as well as careful training, of the performer. Miss M. Kearney also performed her part admirably. Much credit is due to the members of the choir for the pains they take in the interest of church music.

"Mr. Hallewell's Pupils' Concert", Evening News (25 June 1896), 8 

A large audience assembled in the Y.M.C.A. Hall last evening at the concert given by the pupils of Mr. F. J. Hallewell. The programme opened with. a well-rendered number, "Hail, Smiling Morn," by the Hallewell Glee Club. In "Wher'er You Walk" Mr. Miller sang with pleasing care and good expression. Miss Emelie Rush revealed herself the possessor of a rich contralto voice in Blumenthal's "Life," and was recalled.

Bibliography and resources:

Gard 2011


Conductor, choral trainer

Born c. 1805
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Died Melbourne, VIC, 2 August 1872, aged 67 years


[Advertisement], The Argus (5 October 1853), 8

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (1 August 1855), 4

In October, 1853, the members of the choir of the Wesleyan Church, Collins-street, in conjunction with a few other lovers of choral music, requested Mr. John Russell to aid them in the formation of a musical society, and to become its conductor. That gentleman, whose extensive experience, taste, and indefatigable zeal in the diffusion of musical knowledge pre-eminently qualified him for such an office, having given his cordial assent to the proposal, the Melbourne Philharmonic Society was formed.

"DEATHS", The Argus (3 August 1872), 4

[News], The Argus (13 August 1872), 4

A number of old colonists, identified in various ways with the earlier history of Victoria, have lately passed away. One of these was Mr. John Russell, who was extensively known and much respected, especially in the musical profession, as a most enthusiastic lover of music, not only in Australia, but also in England and America. He was one of the original fenders of the Philharmonic Society of Liverpool, his native town, and he founded also the Harmonic Society of Brooklyn, America, in 1849. From thence he came to Melbourne in 1853, and was the pioneer of music in this city, having been the founder of the present Philharmonic Society of Melbourne. He was for many years secretary to the Melbourne Chamber of Commerce, but was of late years out of business. He died at the age of 67.

"SUMMARY FOR EUROPE", The Argus (13 August 1872), 1s


Bibliography and resources:

Carne 1954


Teacher of piano (pupil of Mr. Packer), composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1876


Leader (Euphonic Orchestral Society), violinist, teacher of violin and viola

Active Sydney, NSW, 1880


Levi 2013 identifies Philip Russell and a brother David as sons of Henry Russell (c.1812-1898), who arrived in VDL in 1833 on the Lady East, and who, he claims, was also a professional musician. Levi, however, mistakenly cites several references to William Wilkins Russell in building Henry's biography, as well as to another Henry Russell, the famous singer-songwriter.


"The Euphonic Orchestral Society ...", Evening News (19 June 1874), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1876), 2

"The Sydney Cricketers' Schottische", Evening News (7 March 1877), 2 

We have received a copy of the above-named piece of music, which is the first pnblished composition of its author, Mr. Phil. Russell. As a schottische it displays considerable melody, but in its harmonies and modulations there are errors which betoken immatured theoretical knowledge, which should be remedied ere the composer publishes his second edition. The piece is not difficult of execution, and will he heard with pleasure by those whose little feet patter upon the drawing-room floor. The music is clearly and well printed, and is published by James Reading, of George street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1879), 3

"EUPHONIC ORCHESTRAL SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1880), 6 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1880), 8 

Bibliography and resources:

Levi 2013, These are the names, 720

RUSSELL, William Wilkins (c.1798/99-1892)

Professor of Music, composer, double-bass player

Active Hobart, TAS, 1832-92

See main page: 

RUST, Margaret (Mrs. RUST; Mrs. George RUST; Miss DUFF)

Soprano vocalist, Professor of Singing

Born ? England, c.1805
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 20 April 1835
Died Sydney, NSW, 19 November 1840, "aged 35" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A soprano vocalist, Margaret Duff (perhaps a daughter of J. Duff, the music-seller and publisher, of Duff and Hodgson) was a pupil at the Royal Academy of Music in London in 1828. On 14 September 1833, a George Rust, bachelor "aged 21", obtained a license to marry Margaret Duff, spinster "aged 21" [? at least], of the parish of St George, Bloomsbury, at his parish church, St. Andrew's Holborn.

"Professor of Singing, Pupil of the Royal Academy, London, and Member of the Philharmonic Society of Milan", Margaret Rust (wife of wholesale butcher and grazier George Rust) was newly arrived in Sydney when she first sang at Thomas Stubbs's concert in April 1835. It was reported in July that she was to give a concert of her own, but this did not eventuate, perhaps because she was pregnant (she gave birth to a daughter, Jane, sadly short-lived, in January). This did not prevent her from singing in the meantime at bishop Bede Polding's inauguration at St. Mary's Chapel in September.

During 1836 she was regularly mentioned singing at St. Mary's, both during services, and in Wallace's Oratorio in September. Thereafter, while probably continuing to sing at St Mary's, she disappears from record during 1837 and 1838. She again announced a concert in September 1839, but it too never eventuated.

Having given birth to a son, William, she died in November 1840.


"ROYAL ACADEMY OF MUSIC", The harmonicon 7 (April 1829), 119 

The pupils of this establishment performed their first concert for the present season on Friday, April 3rd, at the Hanover Square Rooms. The following is the selection made for the occasion. Part 1. Symphony (No. 6.) MOZART; "Benedictus," Misses Duff and Williams, Messrs. Rankin and A. Sapio (Requiem.) MOZART ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (20 April 1835), 3

"MR. STUBBS'S CONCERT", The Australian (24 April 1835), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (23 April 1835), 2

[News], The Australian (10 July 1835), 2

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (21 September 1835), 3

"Domestic and Miscellaneous Intelligence", The Australian (22 September 1835), 2

"BIRTH", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 January 1836), 3

"ROMAN CATHOLIC CEREMONIES", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 April 1836), 2

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Australian (24 May 1836), 2

The admirers of sacred music had a rich treat in the service at St. Mary's church last Sunday, the whole of which, we believe, was under the superintendence of the Rev. Mr. Spencer, who displayed great taste in his selection of the music. Part of the mass was from Magginghi [Mazzinghi], which was peculiarly pretty, and part from that splendid composer Mozart. Mrs. Rust sang two beautiful solos, one "Ave verum," arranged by Myren [?], and the "Agnus Dei," from Mozart, which she executed with her usual brilliancy and feeling. The offertory was extremely beautiful, the treble by Mrs. Rust, the tenor by Mr. [Francis] Clarke, and the bass by Mr. Bushell. We have never heard this gentleman before - his voice is a very fine bass, and he sung the last mentioned piece in admirable style. We also observed Mr. Deane and Mr. Wallace in the choir, who added their valuable assistance. Mr. Cavendish presided scientifically at the Seraphine. We observed a great number of Protestant ladies and gentlemen in the body of the Church, which was crowded in every part.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 September 1836), 1

"THE ORATORIO", The Colonist (29 September 1836), 2

DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (20 September 1839), 2

"A brief Chronicle of Passing Events", Australasian Chronicle (24 September 1839), 1

"THE MUSICAL WORLD", The Colonist (25 September 1839), 2

... there has been some talk in the papers of Mrs. Rust giving a Concert, in which she was to be assisted by the vocal powers of Mr. Rust himself. This we have the best authority for saying is a gratuitous invention either of the papers or their informants, originating probably with some over-zealous and imprudent admirers of Mrs. R.'s distinguished talent as a vocalist. There was a day when Mrs. R. was more in the musical world than she had been of late, and when she would not perhaps have refused to fulfil the expectations of her friends by getting up a Concert; but Mrs. Rust and her husband are now in independent circumstances, and are not to be expected to engage in any such public entertainments. As for Mr. Rusts assisting on such an occasion, why the gentleman's vocal powers have been employed for a good while back rather in the way of hallooing after cattle through the bush, than in "breathing the soul of melody and song". We should indeed be happy if Mrs. Rust could be persuaded, and would condescend to gratify the wishes of her admirers, either by singing at some respectable Concert, or at one got up according to her own legitimate taste, by herself.

BDM NSW 120/1840 V1840120 24A

Died, Margaret Rust, aged 35

"DEATH", The Sydney Herald (21 November 1840), 2

On Thursday night last Margaret, the beloved wife of George Rust Esq., sincerely regretted.


... I never heard anything like it [Joseph Reichenberg's catholic choir, Sydney, c.1825] except once, that was the day on which onr venerated Archbishop [Polding] first landed in Sydney. On that occasion Dr. Ullathorne, now Bishop of Birmingham, had made every preparation for a grand High Mass, and poor Cavendish (who was drowned with his sister off Bradley's Head in after years) had charge of the choir; he exerted himself to the utmost and secured the assistance of a great cantratrice (Mrs. Rust) who happened to be in the colony at the time. Mr. Clarke the architect, who was a fine singer, also lent his aid, and these with the assistance of the regular choristers quite astonished the Bishop. Dr. Polding was only bishop, at that and he did not expect to hear Mozart's [Twelfth] Mass sung in Botany Bay, and well sung too ...

Bibliography and resources:

William W. Cazalet, The history of the Royal Academy of Music compiled from authentic sources (London: T. Bosworth, 1854), 220-21

Monthly Concert, 6th September, 1828 ... Aria. "Oh! cara Memoria". Miss Duff - Rossini ... Sestetto. "Sola! Sola!" Misses Bellchambers, Duff, and Bromley; Messrs. Hodges, E. Seguin, and A. Sapio. ("II Don Giovanni") - Mozart ...

"STORY OF OLD ST. MARY'S", Freeman's Journal (5 June 1913), 22 

... Early in 1834 the church was described as partly roofed and "safe against the inclemency of the weather." Though without altar and benches, still the building was practically finished, and in 1835 Dr. Polding was in stalled as Bishop in St. Mary's on the 20th September. For the first time High Mass was sung in Australia, and for the first time the congregation was blessed by a Bishop. There was a choir on this occasion, led by Mrs. Rust ...

McGuanne 1915 

RUTTER, George Oswald (1822-1884)

Amateur vocalist, conductor, composer, barrister

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856 to 1869

Go to main page

RUXTON, Henri W.

Professor of Music

Active, Melbourne, by August 1854


Henri W. Ruxton, late member of the Philharmonic Society, Liverpool, pupil of Henri Rosellen, and Balsir Chatterton, Harpist to the Queen, first advertised in Melbourne in August in 1853. His son's death notice (1930) described him as "late ... professor of music Ballarat".


[Advertisement], The Argus (2 August 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 April 1854), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 November 1854), 8

"MARRIED", The Argus (29 January 1856), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 March 1857), 8

"PASSING OF AN OLD RESIDENT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (7 February 1865), 2

Passing of an Old Resident: We yesterday had the pleasure of learning that Mr. Henri W. Ruxton, so long known as a professed pianist and teacher of music in the Ovens district, has returned from Melbourne after creditably passing an examination which has obtained for him a certificate from the Board of Education entitling him to act as singing master in any of the common schools in the colony. We congratulate Mr. Ruxton on his success.

"DEATHS", The Argus (16 October 1930), 1


Pianist, vocalist, professor of the pianoforte, harmonium, and singing

Active Sydney by 1860

RYALL, Florence (Mrs . SCOTT)


Sister of the above


? [Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (3 March 1855), 3

"MUSICAL SOIREE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1860), 5

[Advertisement], "YOUNGE'S ATHENAEUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1863), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (2 August 1865), 1

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1865), 3

"MUSWELLBROOK. DRAWING-ROOM ENTERTAINMENT", The Maitland Mercury (20 October 1866), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1869), 8

"THEATRICALS", Bell's Life in Sydney (11 June 1870), 3

"ADVANCE AUSTRALIA MUSIC CLUB", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1873), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 September 1872), 4

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 December 1873), 1

RYAN, Miss

Mezzo-soprano, contralto vocalist

Active Sydney, 1859-62


An amateur, and pupil of Mrs. Bridson, Ryan made her first appearance at T. V. Bridson's Concert for the People in November 1859. Her short public career, during which she often sang beside Sara Flower and for the Orpheonist Society, appears to have come to an abrupt end in June 1862.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1859), 1

"CONCERTS FOR THE PEOPLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 November 1859), 5

[Advertisement], Empire (14 January 1860), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 May 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 January 1862), 1

"SECOND CONCERT OF THE ORPHEONIST SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1862), 4

? [Funeral notice], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1862), 8

"ORPHEONIST SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1862), 4

We are requested to state that in consequence of a severe domestic calamity, Miss Ryan did not take part in the society's concert on Thursday evening.

RYAN, Timothy

Musician, violinist, pub fiddler

Active Sydney, 1853


"GREAT OUTRAGE", Empire (5 April 1853), 2 


Nine persons were in custody on suspicion of being either the actual murderers of the deceased, or participators in the fray wherein he met his death. Their names are Maurice Malsh, landlord of the Beehive, public-house, in Campbell-street, near the Haymarket; Bridget Maria Walsh, wife of the former prisoner; a musician named Timothy Ryan, and some labouring men ...

"WILFUL MURDER", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1853), 2

This was the case against the prisoners; and Mr. Johnson agreed that he had not adduced any evidence against Hopkins, the cook; and after some remarks from Mr. Nichols, as to there being no evidence against Ryan, who was playing the fiddle when the affray began, and who had run away before the police arrived, the Coroner directed that these two men should be remanded under their former warrant to the custody of the police, with the view to their legal discharge out of custody.

"DISCHARGE", Empire (16 April 1853), 2 

"THE POLICE REGISTER. FIRST FIDDLE", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (5 November 1853), 2 

Tim Ryan, a second Paganini, whose cat-gut scraper attracts the lovers of melody in their nocturnal promenades by the public houses of Brickfield Hill, was "pulled" by a female, named Maria Williams, who had evidently been a beauty some forty or fifty years ago ...

RYDER, Joseph

Teacher of singing on the Hullah system

Born ? 1815/16
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 26 December 1849 (per Asiatic, from London and Plymouth)
Died Glenelg, SA, 23 October 1892, aged 76


"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (29 December 1849), 2

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (9 January 1850), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (17 January 1851), 1

"HULLAH'S SYSTEM OF MUSIC", South Australian Register (31 May 1851), 3

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (24 October 1892), 4

A. T. Saunders, "ANOTHER COLONIST OF 1849", The Register (1 July 1926), 6 

[a long and detailed account of great interest, only a short extract here] ... a book was lent to me containing the reminiscences in writing of a steerage passenger by that ship which, as Mr. Williams came in the saloon, with every comfort, gives both sides of the voyage. The writer is Mr. J. Ryder, who for some years lived in Nairne, and was the first clerk of that district council. The father of Mr. Ryder was a shoemaker in the parish of Upton cum Chalvey, Bucks, England, when, on July 31, 1816, the writer was born, his mother being a Devon woman named Bond, who was brought to Windsor at an early age. Mr. Ryder (the writer) was the youngest of a family of seven. The father was originally a farm labourer, but seems to have been an intelligent and enterprising man, although he had no schooling. ... When the writer was about two the family removed from Chalvey to Windsor, and the first thing the writer could remember was the tolling of the Windsor Castle bell at midnight, announcing the death of George III. When he was seven years old he went to a school, the master of which was a competent but cruel nan. At 14 he was apprenticed till his twenty first birthday to a master tailor, Richard Cobden, Thames street, Windsor. Mr. Cobden was first cousin to the renowned Freetrader of the same name. In October, 1838, Ryder married, after considerable difficulty, a young woman named Hill, for the young couple were dissenters, and many legal obstacles were then (as in South Australia for many years) put in the way of dissenters who desired to be married by their own ministers. The writer worked at his trade, and the wife worked as milliner and dressmaker, largely or the upper servants of Windsor Castle. In 1842 Ryder applied for admittance into the British and Foreign School Society's Training College, London, and after a stiff training for several months, passed, and was appointed to a school in North Wales in December, 1842, and arrived there early in 1843. He had studied vocal music, and started a class on the Hullah system, which was a success. Some friction with a local magnate caused Mr. Ryder to resign, and after a short holiday at Windsor with his wife and family, he went to Lancaster, having been appointed head master of the British school there at £90 a year, which he supplemented by a Hullah singing class, and by doing clerical work for a Lancaster shipowner. Mrs. Ryder and their three children were then brought to Lancaster, where they remained for about four years, when, as the climate of Lancaster did not suit Mr. Ryder, he obtained charge of the British school at King's Lynn, Norfolk. The school secretary at Lynn was a Mr. Wigg, a relative of the Wigg family, of Adelaide, and Mr. Wigg, on Good Friday, 1849, suggested migration to South Australia, as in his opinion the climate of Lynn would be fatal to Mr. Ryder. Ultimately, Mr. Ryder and his wife decided to go to Adelaide, but how was the question. He applied, to be sent as a free emigrant, but was refused, as he had too many, young children, and then applied to be sent as schoolmaster in an emigrant ship, but there were so many on the list before him that he could not wait. Mr. Wigg and others then assisted Mr. Ryder to raise £80 for the cost of a steerage passage for him, his wife, and their four children. The family left Lynn on Saturday, 24/8/1849, for London, and on the following Sunday they went on board the Asiatic in the East India Docks, which next day went to Gravesend, where a terrible event happened. A fellow passenger at breakfast was suddenly seized with cholera, which was raging in London. The face and hands of the poor man turned a ghastly blue; he was in great agony and fearfully convulsed, and died at 4 p.m. His body was taken ashore for burial. Dr. Maurau, the ship's surgeon, decided that the case was English cholera, and the Asiatic sailed ... They sighted Kangaroo Island on 24/12/1841, arrived at the lightship at noon of 20/12/1849, and went to Port Adelaide on the same evening ...

RYLEY, Charles

Baritone vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, August 1890
Died London, 14 May 1897



"PASSENGERS BY THE BRITANNIA", South Australian Register (5 August 1890), 4

Mr Charles Ryley was a passenger by the P. & O. Britannia on Monday. Mr. Ryley comes out to Australia under engagement to Messrs. Williamson & Garner to take a prominent part in the "Gondoliers" and other operas. He is a baritone singer of some repute, and has lately been singing at the Lyric in London.

"THE PICTORIAL", The Australasian (30 June 1894), 32

"THE LATE MR. CHARLES RYLEY", Chronicle (29 May 1897), 46

THE LATE MR. CHARLES RYLEY. Mr. Charles Ryley was probably one of the best of baritone singers who has visited Australia, and the intelligence of his death, which occurred in London last week, will have been received with widespread regret. He first appeared at the Princess's Theatre in Melbourne in 1890, and speedily gained a high place is public esteem, the quality of his voice and his ability as an actor being exceptional. His last appearance in Australia was with the Gaiety Girl Company.

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