THIS PAGE LAST MODIFIED : Thursday 14 December 2017 8:28


A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–S (Sk-Sz)

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


THIS PAGE IS ALWAYS UNDER CONSTRUCTION


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–S (Sk-Sz)", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia): http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/register-S-2.php; accessed 15 December 2017






- S - (Sk-Sz)





SKINNER, George

Musician, entertainer, publican

Active Sydney, NSW, 1844-early 1850s
Departed Sydney, NSW, December 1852 (per Clifton, for London)


Summary:

George Skinner's Clown Hotel

I doubt whether this earliest G. Skinner to have anything to do with Australian music was a relation of this site's curator. George Skinner came to Sydney from the rural community of Cowpasture, near Camden, to take over from George Coppin, as licensee of the Clown Hotel, in Pitt-street, in 1844.

Following Coppin's example (probably, indeed, still with his participation), and employing some of the same performers, Skinner continued for the first weeks of his new management to present musical entertainments, including black-face minstrel acts. Another Coppin innovation, the short-lived Sydney Catch Club also continued to meet at the Clown under Skinner's management.

Advertisements with detailed programs for two of Skinner's entertainments, on 28 October and Election Night 1 November 1844, survive, featuring Messrs. Caldwell, Fillmore, Thomson, Skinner himself, Farren, black-face minstrel Rombo Sombo (some years later to reappear again in Adelaide on the same bill Coppin), and "numerous Amateurs".

Skinner's next advertisement, on 23 November, gave further insight into the repertoire of musical evenings at the Clown Hotel, while suggesting that novel methods were now needed to attract clientele. As printed in the Herald, it took the form of some original verses, to be sung to a favourite old tune, Derry Down, probably some variant of the English major-key melody later given in Chappell's Popular music of the olden time. With their references to many other propular songs, here are the words of Skinner's Saloon complete:

SKINNER'S SALOON
AN ORIGINAL COPY OF VERSES
To a favourite old tune - Derry Down.

DULL spirits, when dead, 'tis but justice to bury
 With a capital song, sentimental or merry,
So I beg you to notice, some fine afternoon,
 Their grave at the entrance of Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, down, in the town, derry down.

If you wish to partake in a glee or a catch,
 Why you've only to hint your desire to Joe Hatch,
And the sons of Apollo, with voices in tune,
 Can enjoy a long pull there, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

Joe Hatch has some chickens, but Joe rather choice is
 In birds of good note, with their various voices:
There's Caldwell, who warbles the Banks o'the Doun,
 And the sweet Lass of Gowrie, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

Funny Fillmore, whose phiz causes roars of delight,
 Can squeak like the pigs, or unfold Billy Vite;
And Jem Brown with his yarn of the ancient Racoon,
 And his Classical Statues, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

Just allow me to mention a few of the strains
 You'll hear at the "Clown" where much harmony reigns:
Lucy Long, with Black Rombo's grotesque rigadoon,
 And the Possum a-railing, at Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

If you ask what is Love, Mighty Wine in good store,
 With Pork Steaks, and Jack Robinson just come ashore;
Who'll Meet me alone by the light of the moon?
 For gas-light's the fashion in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

The charming Miss Nichols, whose bosom's soft workings
 Can't beat for the Drayman of Barclay and Perkins!
And the two Yorkshire Horsedealers, neither a spoon,
 And the Blue Fly is fishing, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

L A W-Law, and the fair Alice Gray,
 Mr. Bubb and his Spouse in their Single Horse Shay,
And Thomson's deep instrument, like a bassoon,
 Wakes melodious echoes round Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

So, welcome three nights in each week to the CLOWN,
 Drink A Health to good Lasses, the fair and the brown;
O'er the cold Frozen Lake, from December to June,
 You'll be welcome to slide into Skinner's Saloon.
             Derry down, down, in the town, Derry down!

Thereafter, Skinner's entertainments seem to have waned. In January 1847, he opened new premises, also known as Skinner's Hotel and Skinner's Clown Hotel, on the corner of George and Hunter Streets. Like Coppin, Skinner was an active mason, and in 1846 was secretary of Australian Grand Lodge of the Independent Order of Oddfellows. From his hotel, Skinner also sold tickets for theatrical and musical events.


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 October 1843), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12425080 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1844), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12425601 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1844), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12410099 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 November 1844), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12420642 

[Advertisement]The Sydney Morning Herald (23 November 1844), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12410232 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1846), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12899412 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1852), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12940758 

SUPERIOR HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, Brilliant-toned Cottage Pianoforte, by Broadwood, and other Effects. MR. EDWARD SALAMON has received instructions from Mr. G. Skinner (about to leave the colony), to sell by auction, at his residence, Bligh-street, opposite the Stores of Messrs. Campbell and Co., on MONDAY, October 25th, at 11 o'clock ...

[Shipping news], The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (11 December 1852), 343

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article161034992 





SKINNER, R. L.

Tenor vocalist, minstrel

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1861


Documentation:

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 April 1860), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13039467 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 November 1861), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13069052

LADIES and GENTLEMEN, members of the Vocal Harmonic and other musical societies, who aro willing to assist in giving a COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT for the benefit of Mr. W. CORDNER, are invited to attend at the Schoolroom in Castlereagh-street THIS (Thursday) EVENING, for the purpose of making the necessary arrangements. W. HELLYER, R. L. SKINNER, C. J. WINDER [? Windeyer], Secretaries, pro tem.

"THE OCCIDENTAL CHRISTY MINSTRELS", Illawarra Mercury (30 September 1837), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article135876407 

"OUR LAUNCESTON LETTER", The Mercury (13 May 1878), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8963117

Mr. R. L. Skinner, well known in musical circles here as a tenor singer, has received a piece of good news through a member of the Opera Company, who recognised him on arrival here and told him he had been advertised for in New Zealand in consequence of the death of a relative. Mr. Skinner telegraphed to the mayor of Auckland, and received a telegram in reply that an uncle in England was dead and had left a legacy, and that particulars would be sent by the next mail.

"THE TOWN-HALL. THE MESSIAH", The Argus (27 December 1878), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5926222

"TABLE CAPE", Daily Telegraph (20 October 1886), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article149532648 

... A singing class and dramatic club have also lately sprung up, and under the paternal care of Mr R. L. Skinner, "the oldest oratorio and operatic tenor vocalist in Australasia," have already performed wonders. The Dramatic Association on Thursday evening, in gratitude to Mr. Skinner, gave him a grand complimentary benefit ...

"H.M.S. PINAFORE", Examiner (23 May 1900), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article35357150

... The sentimental madrigal "The Nightingale," by Ralph Rackstraw, recalled memories of another Rackstraw as sung by Mr. R. L. Skinner, whose discovery of zircons at Sisters Creek it is to be hoped will bring him in more shekels than he would gather at operatic singing.





SKINNER, Richard

Amateur musician, bandmaster,

Born Huonville, TAS, 1858
Died Huonville, TAS, 6 February 1936


Documentation:

"VICTORIA" [Huon Valley], The Mercury (25 December 1884), 1 Supplement

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9097984 

... The members of the local brass band have promisod their services both in the paddock during the day, and also at the concert, and the great progres they have made under their leader, Mr. Richard Skinner, makes their services very much appreciated ...

"[FROM A CORRESPONDENT] FRANKLIN", The Mercury (6 November 1885), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9112945 

... A few months ago Mr. R. Skinner, of Victoria, was chosen conductor, and the players have made a decided improvement since his appointment ...

"NEWS FROM THE HUON. MR. RICHARD SKINNER. Prominent Huon Pioneer. Interest in Bands", The Mercury (10 February 1936), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article30076611 

A Huon pioneer, Mr, Richard Skinner, died at his residence, Ivanhoe, at Huonville, on Thursday last. Born at Huonville in 1858, the late Mr. Skinner was a native of the southern municipality, and held the esteem of a wide circle of friends. He was associated in many ways with Huon activities. Perhaps, his keenest interest was in music and choir work, and the activities of the Huonville Brass Band always occupied his attention. So keen was he on the progress of bands that at his instigation brass bands were formed at Huonville, Franklin, Cygnet, and Bruny Island, and it was not until very recent years that he severed his association with these organisations ...





SKIPPER, John

Musician, violinist, barman

Active Deniliquin, NSW, 1856


Documentation:

"EDWARD RIVER DISTRICT. DENLIQIQUIN PETTY SESSIONS ", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1856), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28635169

Mr. Frederick Marshall, landlord of the Highlander Inn, South Deniliquin, was summoned on the information of one of the police in having music at the Highlander, the said house not being licensed for music. John Skipper, barman of the inn, appeared for Mr. Marshall, who was from home; the barman, who is a musician, was tuning his fiddle a few evenings since in the bar of the house, as he said, merely practising. This was the defence. Mr. Cockburn, the chairman, stated that the Bench had given strict orders that there was to be no music played in the public-houses without special permission, and fined the defendant £10, with 11s. 6d. costs."





SLATTERIE, Apollos Joseph (A. J. SLATTERIE; SLATTERLIE)

President (Australian Harmonic Society), schoolmaster

Born Chatham, Kent, England, 12 February 1817; baptised, Ebenezer Chapel, Chatham, 8 May 1817
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1841-42
Died Liverpool, NSW, 1885, "aged 78" [sic, ? recte 68]

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Apollos+Joseph+Slatterie (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Documentation:

"THE AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC SOCIETY", Free Press and Commercial Journal (24 April 1841), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228246670 

All our readers may not be aware that some short time since a society or club was formed under the above title by a few respectable individuals in Sydney. The object was the encouragement and developement of musical taste and talent in the first place, and in the next, to provide a place where young men might for one evening in the week assemble and pass a few hours in harmony, in every sense of the word. When it is considered that in Sydney the only place of amusement is the theatre, and that when that is not open young bachelors, who form a very large portion of the community in Sydney, have no place to which they can resort for an hour's relaxation after the business of the day is over, such an institution must be regarded as desirable in the highest degree. We have had ah an opportunity of witnessing the manner in which the Harmonic Club's meetings are conducted, and they are such as even the "rigidly righteous" could not find any real cause of objection. Music and song are the principal frais of the amusements; social converse, and an occasional toast filling up the interstices. "Music, mirth, and moderation" is the standing order of the Society's evenings. The Society numbers now above fifty subscribers; the entrance fee is One Guinea, and the monthly subscription 7s. 6d., which money is expended in music, instruments, and the moderate refreshment, wine, of which the members partake. We cannot too strongly recommend this Society to the notice of the "nice young bachelors" of Sydney; we would say to "all good men" but that we fear the ladies would quarrel with us. Mr. Slatterie, of the Sydney College, ably fills the office of President at present, and the members meet every Wednesday evening, at Mr. Scrase's in Pittistreet. The club must, we imagine, be under considerable obligations to Mr. Scrase who has allotted a spacious room for the use of the club, which has been very appropriately fitted up at the expense of the members. We again particularlv recommend this society to public notice, and will conclude by wishing it every success and prosperity.

"THE AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31731948

THE AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC SOCIETY. A new society, under the above name, has lately been formed in Sydney by several of the leading harmonists, for the purpose of enjoying a few social hours after the business and cares of the day. We understand that it meets every Wednesday evening, in a private room of Mr. Scrase's, Pitt-street ... On Wednesday evening last our informant was introduced as a visitor, and was highly delighted with the evening's entertainments, consisting of vocal and instrumental music. Mr. [S. W.] Wallace, in his usual effective style, played several solos on the violin, and Mr. Deane some beautiful overtures on the pianoforte. The eloquence and wit of the president of the society, Mr. Slattelie, contributed much to the enjoyment of the evening. 

"AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC CLUB", Sydney Free Press (2 October 1841), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article226358386 

The members of the above Society on Wednesday the 29th last, gave a supper at their club room in Pitt-street; Mr. Slatterie in the chair. Mr. Simmons officiating as Vice-President. The members of the Cecilian Society, who assisted in the performances at the Theatre on Tuesday evening, were of course invited, and added greatly to thehilarity and conviviality of the evening. There were also among the guests assembled upon this occasion, nearly all the leading musical talent of Sydney: Mr. Nathan, Mr. Wallace, Mr. Dean [recte Deane], Mr. Morgan [recte Worgan], and many other deserving public favourites. After the cloth was removed, several very neat and appropriate speeches were delivered. After Mr. Slatterie had proposed the health of Mr. Simmons, which was received with great applause, Mr. Nathan rose and addressed the meeting, in substance somwhat to the following effect:

"Gentlemen, in rising to second the toast which has been proposed by the chairman, and so cordially responded to by you, I will take the liberty of offering a few observations, which I feel assured, will not be deemed out of order. When I visited the Theatre on Tuesday evening last, I went there impressed with the idea that the performance of the after-piece Married and Buried, or as it was called when produced with my music in England, The Illustrious Stranger, would certainly fall far short of what I had seen in the Mother Country when aided by the united talents of LISTON, HARLEY, and others of equal notoriety. But I must here promise to you, gentlemen, that this piece, although assisted by the talents of the leading comic actors, by some strange fatality, was damned on the first night of its representation at the Haymarket Theatre. The idea after wards struck me, that by composing some new music for it, it might still become a favourite. I hinted this to the managers of Drury Lane Theatre, and the consequence was, they acted upon the suggestion. The result fully answered my expectations; The Illustrious Stranger was received with the most decided marks of the public approbation, and has continued a favourite ever since. But I now, gentlemen, candidly confess to you, that never during the whole course of my professional career, has my vanity received so great a check as it did in the Victoria Theatre on Tuesday evening last. Here, seventeen thousand miles distant from the Mother Country, The Illustrious Stranger is produced with scarcely a note (except one song) of the original music, and owing to the illimitable acting of Mr. Simmons is received with that applause which his most excellent representation of the character so justly merited. I have now no hesitation in saying, had Mr. LISTON hit upou the same style in his personification of the character of "Bowbell," as was struck out by Mr. Simmons, the piece never would have required my music to render it a favourite with a London audience."

The party broke up at a late hour, after spending one of those agreeable evenings which form so great a contrast to our every day plodding habits.

"SYDNEY COLLEGE", Australasian Chronicle (17 December 1842), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31738247 

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (12 January 1878), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article100877673 





SLOMAN, Mr.

First Banjo (Melophonic Concert Room)

Active Hobart, TAS, 1853


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Courier (7 May 1853), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2240831

MELOPHONIC CONCERT ROOM. ""WATERMAN'S ARMS," LIVERPOOL-STREET. JOSIAH HAND, the Proprietor, begs to intimate to his numerous supporters that it is his intention to RE-OPEN the above named popular place of Recreation on MONDAY EVENING NEXT, with the followjing attractive PROGRAMME ... The following are amongst the number of his Corps Musicae:- First Violin, MR. TURNER; Second Violin, MR. GRATTON; First Bango, MR. SLOMAN; Second Banjo, MR. SMITH; Bones, MR. HAYWARD; Tamborine, MR. HILDER; Pianoforte, MR. CROMPTON; Musical Director, MR. TURNER ...





SLOPER, Frederick Evans (Evans SLOPER; STOPLE EVANS, STOESSEL EVANS, SLOPIER EVANS, SLOPER EVANS)

Saxhorn player, violoncello player, cellist, amateur member Sydney Philharmonic Society, pharmacist, inventor

Born Bath, Somerset, England, c.1824
Active Melbourne, VIC, and Sydney, NSW, April to August 1853
Died Kensignton, NSW, May 1903

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Frederick+Evans+Sloper (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Documentation:

"PARTNERSHIPS DISSOLVED", Morning Chronicle (5 October 1850), 3

William Glover Webb Freeman and Frederick Evans Sloper, of Tenby, Pembrokeshire, chemists.

"MARRIAGES", Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette (11 November 1852), 3

Nov. 2, at St. Peter's Church, Bristol, Mr. Frederick Evans Sloper, of this city, to Sarah Peers, third daughter of the late T. Deyrell, Esq., of Barbadoes.

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", Empire (7 April 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61323154 

ARRIVALS. April 6. - Elizabeth, ship, 445 tons, Captain Erwin, from Bristol 11th November, Melbourne, 31st March. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Sloper ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1853), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12945196

[Advertisement], Empire (25 April 1853), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61323676

"MADAME DE STORR'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (25 June 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59757337 

... Mr. Evans Sloper's masterly performance on the Saxe Horn elicited much and deserved applause.

"MR. EVANS SLOPER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12946898

"CONCERTS", Bell's Life in Sydney (2 July 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59757365

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 August 1853), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12948273

"DIED", Empire (31 March 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60178023 

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 April 1857), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12994343 

"MARRIAGES", Evening News (28 December 1871), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129967113 

On the 17th October, at Bath (England), by the Rev. Mr. Sprowle, F. E. Sloper, Esq., to Laura, eldest daughter of H. C. Burnell, Esq., Clapton, Sydney.

"MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR"', The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1887), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13630087 

... In enumerating some of the musical lights of the Philharmonic and of musical society a quarter of a century ago, I might have mentioned a few other names. Madame Rawack, née Amalia Mauthner, of Vienna, a highly gifted German pianiste, who was for a long time the soloist of the society; Mr. W. E. Slosser (still, if I mistake not, living with us), an amateur violoncello soloist of no mean powers ...

"MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR"', The Sydney Morning Herald (28 March 1887), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13630347 

Sir, -Will you permit me to correct an important typographical error in my letter on the above subject in Friday's issue? The name of the amateur violoncellist alluded to therein by me should be "Mr. F. E. Sloper." ...

"OBITUARY", Australian Town and Country Journal (27 May 1903), 16

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71481728 

OBITUARY. Mr. Frederick Evans Sloper, M.P.S., the well-known chemist and druggist of Oxford-street Sydney, died at his residence, Sloper-street, Kensington, last week, at the advanced age of 80 years. The deceased gentleman, who was a native of Bath, England, came to Sydney in 1852 and commenced business in Woolloomooloo the following year. After a trip to the old country he established himself in business in Oxford street in 1873, where he remained up to the time of his death.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1914), 12

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15524286 


Bibliography & resources:

Geoff Miller, "Uncle Robert's medicine chest", Pharmacy History Australia 3/30 (November 2006), 6-7

http://www.psa.org.au/wp-content/uploads/flipbook/18/book.html#p=6 

Frederick Sloper, Freeman Studio, Sydney, photographic studio portrait, c.1874-1908; State Library of New South Wales

http://archival.sl.nsw.gov.au/Details/archive/110321168 

http://digital.sl.nsw.gov.au/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=FL1077371 





SMAILES, Joseph Thomas (J. T. SMALES)

Amateur musician, pupil of Joseph Reichenberg

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1835
Died Hobart, TAS, 1853


Documentation:

"ADJOURNED QUARTER SESSIONS", Colonial Times (29 December 1835), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8648798 

Joseph Thomas Smailes, being sworn, said, I am a clerk to Mr. Stanley, and on the 4th of November, about half-past three o'clock in the afternoon, I received from Mr. Stanley a packet, with directions to take it to Mr. Pitcairn's office ... Cross-examined by Mr. Horne for the prisoner. - I received the packet at half-past three o'clock; left the office at four. Went up Bathurst-street, into Murray-street, then into Liverpool-street, and passed the Government Mill to Mr. Reichenberg's ... nor did I then pass on to Mr. Pitcairn's, but went first to Mr. Reichenberg's, where I stayed one hour, and took a lesson in music.

Joseph Thomas Smales, will, 1853; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:640075; AD960/1/3

https://stors.tas.gov.au/AD960-1-3-495 





SMALL, Joe (Joseph SMALL; Mr. J. SMALL; Mr. SMALL)

Comedian, delineator, bass vocalist, buffo singer, comic singer, balladist, songwriter

Born ? 1841 ("native of Sydney")
? Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1836
Died at sea near Hong Kong, China, December 1874

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Joe+Small+d1874 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


THIS ENTRY IS A STUB


Documentation:

"MR. SMALL'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (5 September 1855), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88047403

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (6 October 1855), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88047631

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (15 January 1856), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88048571

"PEDESTRIANISM", Bendigo Advertiser (25 January 1858), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87978322

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1858), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87979127

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (16 September 1858), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87983426

The singing (in character) of "The Unfortunate Man," "The Bold Soldier Boy," &c., by Mr. Small, was received with most vociferous applause and roars of laughter. An additional verse, with reference to the late war in India, was well received. In this gentleman we recognise a very good substitute for Thatcher.

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (29 November 1858), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87985210

[Advertisement], The Star (7 March 1860), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72465432

"NEW ZEALAND AND AUSTRALIAN SONGSTER", Wellington Independent (13 March 1866), 5

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/WI18660313.2.17

[News], New Zealand Herald (14 April 1866), 5

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NZH18660414.2.17

[News], The Brisbane Courier (24 August 1866), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1273259

[News], The Brisbane Courier (7 August 1873), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1323915

"DEATH OF A WELL-KNOWN PROFESSIONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1875) 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13350955

The Hongkong Times of December 17 contains a long notice of the death of Mr. Joseph Small, for many years connected with the Australian and New Zealand stage. The deceased returned to the colonies a few months since with a valuable shipment of Chinese and Japanese curios, and was returning to the flowery land when he died of disease of the heart on board of the H. M. S. Brisbane.

[News], Australian Town and Country Journal (6 February 1875), 24

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70488440

By the Brisbane we learn the death of Mr. Joseph Small, comedian and vocalist, who left here for Hong Kong, in the Tom Morton, some three months ago. Mr. Small was taken sick at Singapore, and stayed there till the trip of the Brisbane, which vessel was bound for Hong Kong. A few days out, he left the deck to go to his cabin, declining the assistance of the stewards. Ten minutes afterwards he was found dead in his cabin, the immediate cause of death was an apoplectic fit, though he was much debilitated. The deceased gentleman had a foreboding that the end was nigh, for he wrote parting letters to his wife, and a friend, and legal adviser in Wellington. Mr. Small was one of the best known of all colonial professionals. He commenced his public career as a vocalist soon after the discovery of gold in New South Wales, played in every up-country town and city in the Australias and New Zealand, and travelled through America, Honolulu, China, and India. He retired lately from the stage, and established trading relations between Now Zealand and China, where he was about to settle down in a permanent business. As a character vocalist Mr. Small had no equal, and his song, the "Unfortunate man," will always be remembered as a masterpiece of humour and facial expression. In private life, he was much respected for his sterling iutegrity and liberality towards any unfortunate members of his profession. Mr. Small, who was a native of Sydnoy, leaves a wife and child in this city.

[News], Thames Star (27 February 1875), 2

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/THS18750227.2.9

The "unfortunate man" is dead. Everybody will know that the unfortunate man referred to is poor Joe Small. He was essentially a decent man. He made a reputation as an unfortunate man, and he travelled on it. On every goldfield for the last fourteen, or fifteen years Joe Small was the unfortunate man. He hit upon an idea, and he perfected it as few men have done who have been gifted with an idea. His seemed like a spark of genius, it was so perfect; Amongst everybody here he was quite at home. At one time on the Thames [NZ] he seemed in a fair way of realising his thousands; good scrip was his, and plenty of it. But he held on just a day or two too long, and when he would have quitted his scrip it was useless, or next to it. Consequently poor Joe had to turn to once more and sing his doleful ditty for a subsistence, the circumstances of his case suggesting a verse more doleful than any of the original, but less known because of its purely local application. In the end Joe Small - he liked the familiar appelation - was driven from the Thames by the ghost of an official agent. It was rough on him - rougher than the commissioner of the old days. Small was one amongst a thousand of professionals, and his early death will be deplored wherever old identities gather together; for the rich humour and genial manner have now gone the way of all flesh.


Works:

The New Zealand and Australian songster (containing a collection of comic songs, to which is added, extracts from his diary on the Australian goldfields written and sung by J. Small) (Christchurch, NZ: Tribe, Mosley and Caygill, 1866)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/167899206


Bibliography and resources:

Robert H. B. Hoskins, "Small, Joe", The encyclopedia of New Zealand

http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1s14/small-joe


Associates:

Charles Thatcher

Edward Salaman

Nathan family of entertainers





SMITH, Mr.

Second Banjo (Melophonic Concert Room)

Active Hobart, TAS, 1853


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Courier (7 May 1853), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2240831

MELOPHONIC CONCERT ROOM. ""WATERMAN'S ARMS," LIVERPOOL-STREET. JOSIAH HAND, the Proprietor, begs to intimate to his numerous supporters that it is his intention to RE-OPEN the above named popular place of Recreation on MONDAY EVENING NEXT, with the followjing attractive PROGRAMME ... The following are amongst the number of his Corps Musicae:- First Violin, MR. TURNER; Second Violin, MR. GRATTON; First Bango, MR. SLOMAN; Second Banjo, MR. SMITH; Bones, MR. HAYWARD; Tamborine, MR. HILDER; Pianoforte, MR. CROMPTON; Musical Director, MR. TURNER ...





SMITH, Adam

Amateur violinist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1833-36

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Adam+Smith+c1830s+violinist (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Documentation:

"At Mr. Peck's concert ...", The Hobart Town Courier (1 November 1833), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4189100

The gentleman amateur (Mr. A. Smith) who kindly came forward to assist, equally surprised and delighted the audience with his performance of "the Yellow hair'd laddie," on the violin in harmonics, an art not exceeded by Paganini himself.

"Mr. Peck's Concert ...", Colonial Times (5 November 1833), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8647262 

The "Scotch Air in Harmonics" was most unquestionably the attraction of the evening: it was announced to be performed by an amateur. This amateur was not other than that talented musical gentleman, Mr. Adam Smith. On his coming forward, we really looked to the ceiling, thinking the applause would be sure to awaken from their sleep the beams which supported the roof. We have never before had occasion to speak of this gentleman's performance, but, from what we ourselves heard on Wednesday, we must acknowledge it to be superior. Mr. Smith, as is usually the case with amateurs, was a little confused on his first appearance; but he soon recovered himself, and commenced the performance in a most masterly style. We do not know which most to admire - his bowing, his fingering, or his execution - they were each superlative, and we must not omit mentioning, that an amateur who can stand up and perform an air in Harmonics, must be extraordinarily gifted. The piece was, as a matter of course, encored. Mr. Peck attempted a solo on the violin; but, although we considered that gentleman's performance quite equalled to any we ever heard by Spagnolleti, still, after Mr. Smith's brilliant harmonics, it would not go down - he was rapturously applauded, but not encored.

"Domestic Intelligence", The Tasmanian (29 November 1833), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article233614199 

... We understand that Mr. Adam Smith, the much admired violin player, has intimated to Mr. J. P. Deane that he will on the approaching Soiree, on Wednesday next, perform the first part of a most difficult and splendid duet by Viotti. Mr. J. P. Deane will, on the occasion, play second fiddle, and the parts will be well maintained by the orchestra ...

[News], The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch ... (23 December 1836), 406

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article203146869 

A correspondent, who is music mad, has sent us the following extract (which he has picked up somewhere) from Galignani. We do not know much about music, but certainly his account is most marvellous. The automaton by this account is not only superior to Paganini and Ole Bull, but even to our townsman Adam Smith, who is said to eqoal if not surpass both in his newly invented touches ...





SMITH, Arabella

Soprano vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by July 1853; perhaps related to Emilie Smith below


Documentation:

"WRECK OF THE CHARLEMONT", The Argus (21 June 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4793686

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 July 1853), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4795134

... Monday, first of August ... Miss Arabella Smith (first soprano of the Philharmonic and Ancient Concerts in Dublin, first appearance) ...

"THIS EVENING", The Argus (1 August 1853), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4795189

... We observe that Mr. Sou-Alle is about to make the daring experiment of offering a substitute for Mrs. Testar, in the person of Miss Arabella Smith, who is said to have acquired a high reputation In Ireland.

? "DISTRICT COURT", The Argus (19 January 1854), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4802174 

"ALI-BEN SOU-ALLE", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 October 1854), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65712615

... A lady recently arrived, who has, for some time passed, been a leading favourite at all the Dublin concerts, and whose performances have elicited the warmest encomiums from the Irish press. Miss Arabella Smith, even if she were not possessed of vocal talents of a very high order, has claims upon our sympathy, which we feel assured a Melbourne public will not be slow to acknowledge. This Lady was among the passengers by the ill-fated "Earl of Charlemont," and, we regret to say, sustained considerable loss by that sad catastrophe.

? "BLACKBURN", The Musical Times [London] (1 July 1861), 70

https://archive.org/stream/jstor-3354472/3354472#page/n1/mode/2up 

On the 11th ult. a concert was given in the Catholic Hall, the vocalists on the occasion being Miss Arabella Smith, Miss Heptonstall, Mr. D. Towers, and Mr. Hornby, assisted by an efficient chorus. The programme was of a miscellaneous character. Mr. Jopson officiated at the pianoforte.





SMITH, Charles (SCHMIDT; ? = Charles SMITH below)

Musician

SMITH, Gottfried (SCHMIDT)

Flautist, musician

SMITH, Henry (SCHMIDT)

Musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1859


Documentation:

[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60403136

SYDNEY UNIVERSITY MUSICAL FESTIVAL ... FIRST VIOLINS ... Mr. Charles Smith, Hr. Richard Herz, Mr. J. Davis ... FLUTES. 1st FLUTE - Mr. Robert Vaughan; 2nd DITTO - Mr. Gottfried Smith ...

[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60402011

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1867), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13151350

On the 30th of October, 1866, at San Francisco, California, LISETTE SOPHIE SCHMIDT, the beloved mother of Charles, Henry, and Gottfriedt Smith, musicians, formerly of this city.





SMITH, Mr. C. E.

Tenor vocalist, music hall proprietor

Active Sofala, NSW, 1853


Documentation:

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENTS", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (1 January 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article62052135

We understand that Mr. C. E. Smith lately from San Francisco and now a Turon bed-claim proprietor, proposes opening a music saloon at Sofala in course of a few weeks upon a very superior scale, and from the opportunities we have had of judging his vocal talents hesitate not to say that if to deserve success is to win it, Mr. Smith will be abundantly successful. With an excellent tenor voice of considerable compass, over which he possesses perfect control, he exercises a just appreciation of the burthen of his song, and a superior taste in the execution. During a short stay in Bathurst he has commanded the plaudits of numerous and admiring auditories. We wish him success in any undertaking which will supply our Sofala neighbours with an entertainment of rational and elevating character.





SMITH, Charles

Professor of Music and Dancing

Active Brisbane, QLD, by February 1861, until November 1862


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (4 October 1860), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3721087 

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (22 January 1861), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3721383 

Music and Dancing Taught. MR. CHARLES SMITH, having returned to Brisbane lately, intends to open two Classes, one for Teaching Music, and one for Teaching Dancing ....

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (5 February 1861), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3722438

Music and Dancing. VACANCIES for any number of Male and Female Pupils in the above accomplishments at Smith's Academy. Apply to CHARLES SMITH, Professor of Music and Dancing, Charlotte-street, near Edward street, North Brisbane.

[Advertisement], The Courier (10 November 1862), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4609100

NOTICE. LEAVING THE COLONY. ANY Persons having a Claim on the Underdersigned or his Brothers will please to send in their Accounts for adjustment before the departure of the next Sydney Steamer. Also, persons indebted to the same are requested to settle without delay. CHARLES SMITH, Brisbane, Nov. 8th. Professor of Music.





SMITH, Christopher

Professor of Music ("A German")

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Christopher+Smith+c1853+musician (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:

Christopher Smith, Professor of Music of Castlereagh-street was insolvent in July 1853. At his examination, "the insolvent being a German, and but imperfectly acquainted with the English language", an interpreter was used. He was eventually "allowed to retain his household furniture, wearing apparel, and musical instruments".


Documentation:

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12947218

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12947457

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 July 1853), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12947578





SMITH, Emilie (Miss E. SMITH; ? Emily Sophia SMITH; perhaps related to Arabella SMITH above)

Pianist, piano teacher

Active Melbourne, VIC, by April 1853 ("aged 14")
Active Melbourne, VIC, until January 1858
? Died Melbourne, VIC, 23 July 1858, aged 20

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Emilie+Smith+c1850s+pianist (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:

Emilie Smith first advertised in Melbourne in 1853 as a pupil of the Anglo-French pianist Clara Loveday, who for several years prior to Miss Smith's arrival had been based in Cheltenham, England. This proximity of Bristol, togther with Smith's disappearance from record around the same time, suggests that she may indeed have been the Emily Sophia Smith, formerly of Bristol, who died of consumption in July 1858.

In June 1855, playing Thalberg and Schulhoff, she appeared in concert in Melbourne with Elizabeth Testar, Miska Hauser, and Charles Bial. At her own concert in February 1856, again playing Thalberg, the Argus noted with:

... pleasure a great advance toward that perfection of delicacy of touch which was all that was wanting to enable this charming young artiste to justly claim rank with the best modern professors of the pianoforte. It appeared as though Miss Smith had caught a new inspiration from the great maestro on the violin, Miska Hauser, with whom she has now played at a considerable number of concerts here.

She was teaching from Glass Cottages, Victoria-parade, in January 1858.


Documentation:

[News], Cheltenham Looker-On [England] (18 September 1852), 10

A Concert, Vocal and Instrumental, is announced to take place in Messrs. Hale's Music Room on Tuesday evening, the 28th instant, for the benefit of Miss E. Smith, a juvenile pianiste of, we are told, great promise, on the eve of departing for Australia, - and towards whose future fortune in that golden world our resident professors seem anxious to contribute their services: Miss Clara Loveday, Mr. Marshall, and Mr. M. Von Holst having each promised their valuable aid on the occasion.

[News], Cheltenham Looker-On [England] (25 September 1852), 9

... and on Saturday Miss E. Smith makes her first appearance as a pianiste, at Hale's Room, in a Concert undertaken, it would appear from the terms of the announcement, for the purpose of introducing our youthful debutante to public notice, preparatory to her departure for Australia, and towards whose a»utance on this occasion Miss Clara Loveday, Mr. G. Marshall, and Mr. M. Von Holst have all promised their services.

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 April 1853), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4791394 

... Grand Fantasia, Pianoforte - Miss E. Smith (pupil of Mdlle C. Loveday) first time in Melbourne - Thalberg ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 April 1853), 12

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4791714 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. MRS. HANCOCK'S Grand Vocal and Instrumental CONCERT, Monday Evening, April l8, 1853 ... Miss Smith (aged 14), pupil of Madlle Clara Loveday (her second appearance) ... Grand Fantasia (Pianoforte)- Miss E. Smith - Streich ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 September 1853), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4796723 

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 September 1853), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4796850 

... Solo Piano - Miss E. Smith (pupil of Mdlle Clara Loveday) ... Programme. Part I ... Grand Fantasie (Pianoforte) Miss E. Smith - W. Wallace ... Solo Piano - The Carnival de Venise, Miss Smith - Schuloff ...

"MADAME ANNATI [ARNATI] WHITE'S GRAND CONCERT", The Banner (11 October 1853), 15

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article179481482

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 October 1853), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4798350 

"MISS E. SMITH'S CONCERT", The Banner (9 June 1854), 9

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article179813613 

"MRS. HANCOCK'S CONCERT", The Argus (6 October 1854), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4798586

"THE CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (30 October 1854), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91862435 

Miss Smith, on the piano, took the audience completely by storm. Her style of playing is after the new school of Herz, Lizt [Liszt], and Thalberg ...

"MISKA HAUSER", The Argus (1 June 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4808961 

... Miss E. Smith is well-known to the people of Melbourne as a performer on the piano. About fifteen months ago, on her arrival from England, she played in public in auch a manner as to merit even higher praise than was accorded to her. Since that time she has made few public appearances, and her performance last night, while it fulfilled the expectations of her admirers, showed how much careful study, even without the advantage of the best tuition, could accomplish in developing musical talent. The execution of Miss E. Smith last night warrants the most sanguine expectations of her future eminonce as a pianist ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 June 1855), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4809747

"THE CONCERT ON FRIDAY", The Age (9 July 1856), 4-5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154896055 

... Miss E. Smith executed two solos on the piano with that hard, hammering touch which is fast becoming an incurable mannerism, - (more's the pity) ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 February 1856), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4831493

"MISS EMILIE SMITH'S CONCERT", The Argus (26 February 1856), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4831705

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 August 1857), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7136575

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 January 1858), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7144630

? "DEATHS", The Argus (24 July 1858), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7298104 

On the 23rd inst., at 92 Collins-street east, of consumption, Emily Sophia Smith, late of Bristol, England, aged 20 years, Deeply regretted by all who knew her. Bristol papers please copy.


References:

On Clara Loveday's earlier career, see "MORE OF PAGANINI'S AVARICE", The Musical World (18 October 1838), 113

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=KugqAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA113 





SMITH, Fanny Cochrane

Indigenous leader, singer

Born Flinders Island, VDL (TAS), December 1834
Died Poet Cygnet, TAS, 24 February 1905

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Fanny+Cochrane+Smith (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-756098 (NLA persistent identifier)


Go to main entry on her 1899 and 1903 song recordings:

http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/checklist-indigenous-music-1.php#032 


Summary:

In 1899 and 1903 she recorded songs on wax cylinders: held in the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, these are the only recordings ever made of Tasmanian Aboriginal song and speech. Longman 1960 gives a detailed account of the making of the recordings and their contents, their survival, several re-recordings.

Fanny Cochrane Smith and Horace Watson, c.1899

Documentation:

"FANNY COCHRANE", The Mercury (14 September 1882), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9028462

"SUMMARY OF NEWS", The Mercury (13 October 1888), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9199277

The House of Assembly has again decided to grant the last of the aborigines, Fanny Smith, a grant of 100 acres of land she now occupies and 200 acres more, for which a resolution was passed in 1884, but failed to have effect given to it. It is denied by some that Fanny Smith, nee Cochrane, is a pure aborigine, Mr. Lette contending with assurance that the lady is a half-caste. The decision of this question would be worth a committee of inquiry, for if Fanny Smith is only a half-caste many more exist in the Straits, and other claims have been set up; while if she is a pure aborigine she deserves much more consideration, and would merit it by her very estimable character. The best testimony in favour of her claim is that she has enjoyed a pension of £50 a year as an aboriginal woman for many years.

"ROYAL SOCIETY OF TASMANIA", The Mercury (10 September 1889), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9219521

"KING BILLY'S PLAYMATE", The Mercury (31 August 1899), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12752594

At the entertainment given by Mr. Horace Watson at Sandy Bay on Tuesday evening last, "A Night with the Blacks," a very unique and remarkable item was introduced into the programme. Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, the last survivor of the Tasmanian aboriginal race, was present, and at the lecturer's invitation spoke and sang in her native tongue to the audience. She stated that she and King Billy had been brought up together, and appeared quite touched when pictures of many of her old friends amongst the aborigines were shown on the screen. In all probability this sole representative in the whole world of an almost extinct race will appear shortly before the public here.

"ON DIT", Tasmanian News (27 October 1899), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article185227168

ON DIT ... That the entertainment at the Temperance Hall on Monday will be singularly interesting. That it will deal with the Tasmanian Aborigines. That Miss Fanny Cochrane Smith, the last of her race, will sing in her native tongue. That, above all others, school children should attend this entertainment.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (28 October 1899), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12761858

TEMPERANCE HALL. MONDAY NIGHT. To MRS. FANNY COCHRANE SMITH (The Last of the Tasmanian Aboriginal Race), 60 Magnificent Limelight Views of Tasmania, Australia, and South Sea Blacks. Unique Collection of Native Weapons. Instrumental Items by the following: Messrs. Cripps and Gray's Imperial Orchestra; M. Vincent, E. Midwood, P. Henry; Misses Cripps and Duggan. MRS. FANNY COCHRANE SMITH Will sing in the Aboriginal Tongue. SCHOOL CHILDREN should not miss this opportunity. ADMISSION-6d.; Reserved, 1s. Commence at 8 o'clock.

"THE LAST OF THE ABORIGINES", The Mercury (31 October 1899), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12762342

An interesting entertainment for the benefit of Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, the last of the Tasmanian aborigines, was given last evening at the Temperance-hall in the presence of a satisfactory audience. The entertainment mainly consisted of 69 lantern views of scenes connected with the early history of Tasmania, such as the landing places of Tasman and Cook; portraits of Tasmanian aboriginals, particularly some of the last and best known; and views of scenes and natives of Victoria, New Zealand, New Guinea, and Samoa. An interesting lecture explaining the pictures was delivered by Mr. H. Watson. A collection of native weapons, utensils, and instruments were also shown. Mrs. Smith, whose home is at Port Cygnet, and who was attended by the member of the Assembly for her district, Mr. J. W. Evans, was present, and made a neat, intelligent and amusing little speech, in good idiomatic English. She vindicated the good character of her race; described their love of honesty, and said that, unlike white people, they disliked kissing, which they looked upon as an insincere method of salutation. Speaking of herself, she said she was 60 years of age, had 11 children, who were all still living, and that, for many years past, her husband (who is a white man) had been disabled by paralysis. She speaks three native languages or dialects, and sang two songs in her own particular tongue, which were simple and melodious. Selections of instrumental music were rendered during the evening by Mr. M. Vincent, Master E. Midwood, and Cripps and Gray's Imperial Orchestra. Mrs. Smith has a pension of £50 a year from the Tasmanian Government.

"On Dit", Tasmanian News (27 February 1905), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article185303777

"THE ROYAL SOCIETY. ABORIGINAL SPEECH", The Mercury (15 June 1909), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9985146

"ABORIGINAL SPEECH", Tasmanian News (15 June 1909), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article186955389

Mr. H. B. Ritz read an interesting paper on the speech of the Tasmanian aboriginals. He said he called it a "speech," not a language, for it consisted of several languages. His paper indicated his efforts to lay the foundation of a systematic study of the speech of that primitive race, He hoped, in course of time, to lay before members of the society a reconstruction of the language, as far as it could be done. The records were scanty, still fairly ample, considering the small number of the constituent parts of the language. In proceeding with the investigation it opened up interesting veins of thought, and promised to lead to important results in the domains of philology, ethnology, and anthropology. The characteristics of the speech were so primitive and unstable that he could not classify them by any of the rules given in text-books. The roots were liable to variation within certain limits. A root word might have a certain meaning in one family, and quite a different one in another. To find the principles underlying the phenomena of Tasmanian aboriginal speech was the object of his investigation. Some said the speech was akin to that of the aborigines on the mainland, and some parts akin to that of the South Sea islands. It was on this assumption that ethnological affinity had been based; but he did not think it justified the existence of ethnological affinity. They might, however establish analogies. However primitive the thought and speech of the aborigines of Tasmania were they were of the same kind as those of all other primitive races of which we have any note. There certainly were several dialects of the Tasmanian aboriginal divided geographically. Two of these were easily distinguished, namely, the north-western and western speech, and eastern and southern speech. He analysed the records of Roth and others. It was a primitive and infantile method of conveying thought. He dwelt on the intonation, word accent and modulations of the speech. Mr. Horace Watson, of Sandy Bay, an ardent student of aboriginal life, had shown much kindness to Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, one of the direct descendants of the Tasmanian aboriginals, and she had to show her gratitude to him by singing two of the native songs into a phonograph. The lecturer said the melody of one of the songs suggested lo him that it was taken from the piping song of the native magpie. The two interesting phonograph records were then heard on the instrument, which was manipulated by Mr. Trowbridge. Mr. A. J. Taylor commended Mr. Ritz for endeavouring to reconstruct the original mode of speech of the natives. (Applause.) He mentioned that there were two ladies at Kettering who had been acquainted with the blacks when on Flinders island, and who could afford Mr. Ritz much useful information.

"ABORIGINES' CAMP", The Mercury (23 May 1931), 10

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29909757 

... After the Attorney-General's address a phonograph cylinder record of the only Tasmanian aborigine's song ever made was reproduced on a machine. The record was found recently in the Museum by Mr. Clive Lord, and had unusual interest in connection with the group exhibit made public yesterday. The song was sung by Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, of Cygnet, said then to be one of the last full-blooded-aboriginals alive but evidence of white blood exists. It is a song about flowers and springtime and Mr. Lord has obtained a translation of it. Approximately it carries a range of five or six notes, but is mostly sung on one or two, with sudden burst on the higher level. From the point of melody it cannot be said to have any and the general effect is rather of intoning or chanting. To civilised ear it bears no relation to songs as understood, and the only thing to which one can liken it is Chinese singing. How ever, as the only record made it has unique distinction, and if Mr. Lord's purpose of having a flat disc record made from it be carried out, no doubt other museums and ethnological authorities will welcome the chance of securing a copy.

"RECORDINGS OF ABORIGINAL SONGS PLAYED", The Mercury (14 January 1949), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26508885

Aboriginal Recordings. VOICE OF EXTINCT PEOPLE LIVES ON IN MEMORY AND WAX, By a Staff Reporter. IN a backyard at Sandy Bay before the turn of the century a tremulous-voiced old woman who had been the "mate" of King Billy in her youth sang for posterity songs of the extinct Tasmanian race. YESTERDAY, an echo of the far off days was brought into another Sandy Bay home when 82 year-old Miss Emily Keene told the story of Fanny Cochrane-Smith. Miss Keene remembers vividly the occasion when the recordings were made by Mr. Horace Watson, a chemist and dentist. They are believed to be the only recordings in existence of the aboriginal tongue. Four of the recordings are in the possession of the Tasmanian Museum. A fifth cylinder, on which was recorded the translation of the songs, was broken some time ago. When the recordings were made, Mr. Watson sent copies to universities all over the world. Miss Keene told me yesterday that when Mr. Watson played the recordings back to Fanny Cochrane Smith, she cried: "My poor race. What have I done." "We could not pacify her for a long time," Miss Keene said. "She thought the voice she heard was that of her mother." Explaining how the recordings were made, Miss Keene said Mr. Watson had organised a Fanny Cochrane-Smith's benefit when financial troubles arose, and the recordings were made out of appreciation for Mr. Watson's services. Miss Keene believes that some relatives of Fanny Cochrane-Smith are still living. However, she is not sure whether any of them can speak the aboriginal tongue. She is sure of one thing, and that is that Fanny Cochrane-Smith did not make any other recordings than those for Mr. Watson. The only white person whom Miss Keene remembers could speak the aboriginal tongue is now dead. "She was a fine woman, and had a true appreciation of the worth of her fellows," was Miss Keene's tribute to Fanny Cochrane-Smith. So the past became vivid again for awhile. Then the kindly woman who remembers a lost tongue went back into the sunshine of her garden, and the other garden she told about faded into the years. [Photo caption: Fanny Cochrane-Smith making a recording of an aboriginal song for Mr. Horace Watson in the backyard of a Sandy Bay home last century.]

"Aboriginal Recordings VOICE OF EXTINCT PEOPLE LIVES ON IN MEMORY AND WAX", The Mercury (23 March 1949), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26511589 

"DAUGHTER OF FANNY COCHRANE-SMITH", The Mercury (24 March 1949), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26489526

"Talk On Research Into Folk Music", The Mercury (17 March 1950), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26691056

"Carena's Column", Examiner (8 July 1953), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61084667

"VOICE LINK WITH A LOST RACE", The Newcastle Sun (19 August 1953), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article161049053

"WORTH REPORTING: Musical relic of the past", The Australian Women's Weekly (23 February 1955), 34

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41855497 


Audio recording:

Fanny Cochrane Smith's Tasmanian Aboriginal Songs (1903) [recte 1899], NFSA/Screen Australia,

http://aso.gov.au/titles/music/fanny-cochrane-smith-songs

"Fanny Cochrane Smith recordings: 1899 and 1903", Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery (7 February 2013)

http://www.abc.net.au/local/photos/2013/02/07/3685080.htm 


Bibliography:

Barnard 1889

http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/35285023 

Roth 1899, especially Appendix G

https://archive.org/stream/aboriginestasma00tylogoog#page/n374/mode/2up 

Ritz 1908

Ritz 1909

Longman 1960 (digitised at http://eprints.utas.edu.au/14096

Moyle 1960

Moyle 1983

Thomas 2007

Skinner 2017


Resources:

J. Clark, "Smith, Fanny Cochrane (1834-1905)", Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/smith-fanny-cochrane-8466

"Fanny Cochrane Smith", Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fanny_Cochrane_Smith 


Other:

AIATSIS, The Alice Moyle Collection, papers, Cylinder recordings of Fanny Cochrane Smith

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/39100699

SA Museum, Norman Tindale, papers, documentation for speech and sound recordings

http://archives.samuseum.sa.gov.au/aa338/AA338-12.htm 





SMITH, George

Amateur musician (Dilletanti Society), music retailer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840


Summary:

On 17 January, W. A. Duncan drew to the attention of Chronicle readers the newly established firm of Reid, Smith, and McCrohan, who had taken over the music shop and business of Andrew Ellard. On 23 January, the Gazette reported:

AS we were passing the shop of Messrs. Reid, Smith, & M'Crohan (late Mr. A. Ellard's), on the night of Tuesday last, between the hours of 9 and 10 o'clock, we had the pleasure of hearing several airs played by a very full and efficient orchestra. On enquiry we were informed that it was the rehearsal night of a new musical society called the 'Delatanti Society'. We heard in particular one set of Mozart's celebrated waltzes played in a style we have never heard surpassed in this colony. Dr. Reid, we are informed, is the leader ...

On 28 January, the Dilletanti Society warned the public "on account of this Society, to George Smith, late Secertary, he having been expelled by unanimous vote of the General Meeting", and on 31 January his erstwhile business partners James Reid and Jeremiah McCrohan also advertised that Smith was no longer associated with their business.


Documentation:

"Music", Australasian Chronicle (17 January 1840), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31727325

"DELATANTI SOCIETY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 January 1840), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2540491

"DILLETANTI SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (24 January 1840), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31727383

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (27 January 1840), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32167039

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (28 January 1840), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31727411

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (31 January 1840), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12856818





SMITH, Henry Edward (H. E. SMITH)

Songwriter, inspector of schools, amateur lithographer

Active Adelaide, SA,
Died Adelaide, SA, 11 July 1860, aged 34

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Henry+Edward+Smith+d1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Documentation:

"THE VOLUNTEERS' SONG", South Australian Register (4 November 1859), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article49828132 

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT", Adelaide Observer (5 November 1859), 1 Supplement

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article158130504

... The concert is in some degree complimentary to the Volunteers of South Australia, his sympathy with whose patriotic movement the Signor has evinced by setting to music an appropriate song written by Mr. H. E. Smith. The words appear in another column, and we have heard the music, which is of a stirring military character ...

"COLONIAL MUSIC", The South Australian Advertiser (11 January 1860), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1201025 

We were some days since favored with a copy of the Volunteers' Song - words by Mr. Smith, music by Signor Cutolo. Our readers are all familiar with this song, as the words have been published in the local papers, and Signor Cutolo's music has elicited the applause of admiring audiences at White's Rooms. It may now be had of the booksellers and others for a small sum. The engraving is well executed, and the frontispiece consists of a smart lithograph by Mr. Wyatt, jun., representing the gallant volunteers - not exactly winning "glorious blood-red biers," but furnishing the same to a number of invaders whom they are picking off most satisfactorily at long range.

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (16 July 1860), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article50023673

"THE LATE MR. SMITH", The South Australian Advertiser (16 July 1860), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article821557 

... Mr. Smith was a man of a refined and elegant mind, well versed in literature, and possessed as well all the graceful qualities of companionship likely to endear him to a large circle of friends ...


Musical works:

Song of the volunteers (composed by Sig. Cutolo; words by H. E. Smith) ([Adelaide: s.n., 1859])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/171071588 





SMITH, James

Writer, reviewer and commentator on music and drama (The Argus)

Born Loose, Kent, England, 1820
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1854
Died Hawthorn, Melbourne, VIC, 19 March 1910

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1463542 (NLA persistent identifier)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=James+Smith+1820-1910 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Documentation:

"AMATEUR PERFORMANCE", The Argus (28 July 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4813513

"DEATH OF MR. JAMES SMITH", The Argus (21 March 1910), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article10843438

... Mr. James Smith was one of the oldest journalists of note in Australia. He was connected with the Victorian press for upwards of 50 years. Born near Maidstone, in Kent, he was educated for the Church, but scruples of conscience kept him from taking orders. He then turned to journalism ... In 1854 he came out to Victoria, and a year later he joined the staff of the "Age". An offer from the proprietors of "The Argus" drew him in 1858 to the editorial staff of this journal, for which he wrote leaders, literary articles, and dramatic criticisms. To the country press of Victoria he also contributed numerous articles. ... Some years ago his long connection with "The Argus" was broken, and he resumed his old place on the staff of the "Age", with which he was associated principally as a literary writer and dramatic critic up to the time of his death. Mr. Smith was a fluent and versatile writer. He could illuminate almost any topic. This was because he had been throughout his life an omnivorous and systematic reader ...


Works:

James Smith, "The social development of Australasia", in Australasian federal directory (Melbourne and Sydney: J. W. F. Rogers, [1888]), xxvi-vii

https://archive.org/stream/australasianfede00melbuoft#page/n29/mode/2up 

Before the discovery of gold, theatres had been established in Sydney, Melbourne, Geelong, Adelaide, Hobart, and Launceston, and possibly elsewhere in the colonies. But that event brought Australia prominently into notice at the other end of the world, and it was regarded as a country worth exploitering by professional people of considerable repute in Europe and the United States. Catherine Hayes, the vocalist, made the tour of the colonies and reaped a golden harvest; Miska Hauser, a Hungarian violinist, was equally successful; and Anna Bishop was the pioneer of Italian opera, the first entertainment of the kind having been given at the Princess's Theatre (since pulled down) in Melbourne. It was a polyglot performance, for one of the principals sang his part in Italian, another in German, another in French, another in Spanish, and another in English. People cared little for the libretto, however, but a great deal for the music; and, considering that a chorus had to be organized, drilled, and instructed, and that all sorts of difficulties had to be surmounted, the performance was a remarkably successful one. Among other professional visitors to the colonies in those early days were Miss Emma Stanley with her monological entertainment, Mr. Stephen Massett, Jacobs and Anderson the conjurors, the Backus Minstrels from New York, and Lola Montez, bent upon turning to pecuniary profit the notoriety she had acquired by her amours with the then King of Bavaria, and by the insurrection, which had resulted in her expulsion from Munich ...

MUSIC. The cultivation of music in the various colonies belonging to this group commenced at a comparatively early period of their existence, and it could be scarcely more widely diffused than it is among all classes of society. This is a fact which impresses itself on the attention of foreign visitors more particularly. One of these, the Baron Michel, in a lecture delivered before the Societe des Etudes Coloniales et Maritimes, in Paris, last year, remarked to his hearers, "You cannot imagine how widely disseminated is the pianoforte in Australia. I will not say that there is one on every floor, because most of the houses are of one story only, but certainly every village, every cottage, and, in shorty every habitable dwelling possesses one if not two of these instruments. And, indeed, they are so prevalent that some mischievous wag proposed to give Sydney the name of Pianopolis." There may be a trace of exaggeration in this statement, but it is nevertheless substantially true; and you cannot walk through the suburbs of any of the chief centres of population in either of the colonies without being reminded of the gratifying fact that a pianoforte of some kind constitutes a portion of the furniture, not only of middle-class houses, but of the back parlours of small shopkeepers, and of the cottages of prosperous artisans. As a natural consequence, musical entertainments are extremely popular, and associations for promoting the study and practice of the divine art are exceedingly numerous in proportion to the population. In Sydney the Metropolitan Liedertafel numbers 400 subscribers and 60 performing members, and the Sydney Liedertafel 1000 subscribers, and 74 vocalists and 25 instrumentalists as performing members; while there is also an efficiently conducted Western Suburbs Musical Society. In Melbourne the Philharmonic Society has been in existence upwards of thirty years, and is one of the most important organizations of the kind in Australasia. It has an influential competitor in the Metropolitan Liedertafel, with which must be bracketed the Melbourne Liedertafel. In addition to these, there is the Musical Association of Victoria, the Tonic Sol-fa Association, the Continental Concert Society, and the Brighton, the Hawthorn and Kew, and the Toorak Harmonic Societies. Adelaide has its Deutsche Liedertafel, with 200 subscribers and 22 performing members; Hobart, its Philharmonic Society, its Orchestral Union, its Orpheus Club, its Liedertafel, and its Metropolitan, Reserve, and Rifle Bands. There are also five bands of music in Launceston. Brisbane has its Musical Union, with 300 subscribers, 86 practising and 20 auxiliary members; its Orchestral Society, its Liedertafel, and its South Brisbane Musical Society. Of similar musical associations in New Zealand we have no accessible record, but the inhabitants of that colony, are certainly not behind those of the continent in their affection for and cultivation of the most refined and humanizing of the arts ... A pretty good index to the prevalence of a popular taste for music is afforded by the fact that so many musicians of eminence have visited the Australasian colonies ... [several pages more]... for the purpose of giving concerts in them, and generally speaking with satisfactory results to themselves. Miss Arabella Goddard, MM. Pouasard and Douay, Henri Ketten, Wilhehnj, Kowalski, Remenyi, Kö hler, Ley, Madeline Schiller, and Herr Pabst may be enumerated among those who have crossed the Equator in search of fame or fortune - some of them obtaining both - in these Southern land. And the munificent gift of £20,000 by a private citizen, the Hon. Francis Ormond, for the foundation of a chair of music in the Melbourne University, is a splendid recognition of the importance of this form of culture as a branch of the higher education. Some mention has already been made of the beginnings of opera in Australia. But its institution as a permanent source of enjoyment was due to the enterprise of Mr. F. S. Lyster, an Irish American gentleman who came hither from California about five and twenty years ago, bringing with him a well-organized and remarkably efficient company, together with a skilful conductor, for the performance of grand opera. He produced the masterpieces of Meyerbeer, Mozart, Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, Gounod, Flotow, Verdi, Auber, Balfe, Wallace, Weber, and other composers upon the boards of the principal theatres in Australasia, with a completeness which may have been subsequently equalled, but has certainly not been surpassed; and he contributed in no unimportant degree to raise the taste of the play-going public in many instances, to educate it in some, and to provide an intellectual form of entertainment for all. The news of his success, from a financial point of view, induced some speculative managers in Italy to engage a specifically Italian company of lyric artists for a professional tour through the Australian colonies, and the result was a succession of operatic performances which, if they did not reach the high standard of great European capitals, were such as to satisfy all reasonable expectations. Indeed the lighter productions of Rossini and Donizetti were interpreted as efficiently as they could have been in Milan or Naples; while wandering stars like Ilma di Murska and Carlotta Patti, with other vocalists of lesser note, occasionally made their appearance in the principal concert-rooms of the colonies. As a private accomplishment, there is no art more popular than music throughout the whole of Australasia, and the quantity of musical instruments and the amount of sheet music imported, to say nothing of the pianos and organs locally manufactured, as well as the number of qualified persons engaged in tuition, would be found, on examination, to reach a total that is literally astonishing, when regard is had to the limits of the population.

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. BY J. S. No. I.", The Argus (17 May 1890), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8606719

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. BY J. S. No. II.", The Argus (24 May 1890), 13

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8608107

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. By J. S. No. III.", The Argus (31 May 1890), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8609310

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. By J. S. No. IV.", The Argus (7 June 1890), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8610398 


Bibliography and resources:

Ann-Mari Jordens, "Smith, James (1820-1910)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/smith-james-4604





SMITH, John R.

Violincello [sic] and Double bass player (New Queen's Theatre), violoncello and contrabass player

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1845


Documentation:

"LAW AND POLICE COURTS. RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT", Adelaide Observer (8 November 1845), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article158921094 

LEE v. WYATT. The plaintiff sought to recover £3 for music provided for the Courier steamer on the occasion of a trip which had been advertised, butmot performed. The defendant denied having engaged the band. John Smith, musician, had been with plaintiff to defendant's house. Lee told Wyatt that 12s. each was too little for the band, and he agreed to give £1 each. Mr. Swift, the other musician, was present ... Thomas Swift confirmed the evidence of last witness ...

[Advertisement], South Australian (29 February 1848), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71610635

NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE... INSTRUMENTAL PERFORMERS: Leader, Mr. Lee; Mr. Richards (second violin); Mr. Thompson (violoncello); Mr. Kaebet (flute); Mr. Swift (tenor); Mr. Smith (double bass); Mr. Hewett (trombone); Mr. Poltridge (cornet a piston); Mr. Barnett (drum); Mr. Bennett will preside at the Pianoforte ...

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71626661

ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY ... Violoncellos, Messrs. Tilly, Allen, Smith, and Thurlow; Double Basses, Mons. Paris and Herr Zeigler ...

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (6 October 1854), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207018381 

GRAND EVENING CONCERT ... Instrumentalists: 1st Violins - Mr. P. Lee and Mr. Chapman; 2nd Ditto - Mr. Wm. Cobbin, jun., and Mr. Watts; Viola - Mr. W. Cobbin, sen.; Violincellos - Mr. J. R. Smith and Mr. Swift; Contra Bass - Mr. Betteridge; Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. McCullagh; Flutes - Mr. R. Clisby and Mr. Phillips; Oboe - Mr. Sumsion; Pianists - Mrs. Young and Mr. Linger ...





SMITH, John

Musician, violinist, fiddler

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


Documentation:

"DESERTING A WIFE AND FAMILY", The Argus (15 April 1856), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4835515

A man named John Smith was brought up at the City Court yesterday on a charge of deserting his wife and three children. The wife, a very decent-looking woman, stated that the prisoner, who is a musician, had been in the habit of treating her very brutally. She was married to him at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in England, and during the time they lived together in England the prisoner beat her so severely that he was sentenced to six months' imprisonment in Stafford gaol, and the wife and her mother, a person of very respectable appearance, appear to have used every endeavor for the prisoner's release from custody, and by some means obtained £45, which they paid for his passage to this colony. Since their arrival here the poor woman had been obliged to support herself and family by washing, while the husband was squandering his earnings in debauchery. A few days ago he returned home, when she was in bed, and broke his fiddle over her head, and stabbed the bedclothes in several places with a knife, one of which stabs inflicted a wound in her left arm. ...





SMITH, John Washington

Minstrel, manager

Born USA, c.1815
Died South Yarra, VIC, 31 August 1877

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=John+Washington+Smith+d1877 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 May 1871), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5848057

"Deaths", The Argus (1 September 1877), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5935687

"DEATH OF A THEATRICAL MANAGER", Evening News (3 September 1877), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108188836

We regret to have to announce the death of Mr. John Washington Smith, the well-known theatrical manager, which occurred this morning, at 3 O'clock, at his residence, South Yarra. Mr. Smith, who was 58 years of age, has been well known in connection with the theatrical profession in these colonies, having been identified in a managerial character with public amusements here for many years. He was associated with Mr. W. S. Lyster in the management of the first theatrical company which Mr. Lyster brought to this colony, and since then has introduced a large number of artists of all lands to the colonies. Mr. Smith also travelled much, and was in the habit of doing the round of all the colonies, and then taking his various companies to Japan, China, and India, in all which countries his name was almost as well-known as it was in Australia. The veteran manager died, it may be said, in harness ...


Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 24

https://archive.org/stream/monarchsofminstr00rice#page/24/mode/2up 

John Washington Smith was one of the earliest and best negro delineators ante-dating minstrelsy proper, although he was later associated with several prominent organizations. His earliest recorded appearance was with the Lion Circus in Cincinnati, December, 1838. The following year he played in New York, and a year later went to Europe, where he performed with "Pickaninny" Coleman. Returning to America, he played at the Bowery Amphitheatre, April 25, 1842. In 1849 he wrote and first sung the song that was afterwards in the repertoire of many famous minstrels - "Old Bob Ridley;" this occurred in New Orleans, La. In the Fall of 1855 he was with the original San Francisco Minstrels in the California metropolis. He subsequently went to Australia and other foreign countries, where for many years he piloted various minstrel organizations. John Washington Smith was born in the United States about 1815; he died in S. Yarra, Australia, August 31, 1877.





SMITH, Josephine Villeneuve (Mrs. Yvon ECCLES)

Amateur composer

Born VDL (TAS), 1836
Died UK, 1893, aged 57

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Josephine+Villeneuve+Smith (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


SMITH (a son of Francis Smith)

Pianist, ? pupil of Joseph Reichenberg

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838


Summary:

Marie Josephine Villeneuve, formerly of the West Indies, and her husband Francis Smith came to Tasmania in 1826. Their son Francis was later premier of Tasmania (1857-60), and daughter Hester married captain John Williams of the 99th (Lanarkshire) Regiment. I had thought Josephine was perhaps a grand-daughter, but Tony Marshall discovered the record of her 1869 marriage (to Yvon Richard Eccles), that states she too was a daughter. Her The Lanarkshire polka (Hobart: Huxtable & Deakin, [1855]) appeared in H. B. Stoney's The Tasmanian lyre, an anthology closely connected with the 99th. At least one of her much older brothers was also musical (perhaps William, later an Adelaide lawyer), a pianist and possibly a pupil of Joseph Reichenberg.


Documentation:

"ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, RICHMOND", The True Colonist (5 January 1838), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article203147381 

(From a Correspondent) In pursuance of the advertisement announcing the opening of this unique and classic edifice for divine worship on Sunday, a highly respectable and numerous assembly of gentry arrived at eleven o'clock, to witness this most solemn and imposing ceremony. Nothing could equal the surprise of the audience at finding a most efficient choir contributing to the solemnity of the scene. The well played clarionet of that professor of music, Mr. Reichenberg, aided by the skill on the piano of a talented young gentle man, a son to Francis Smith, Esq. with the delicate taste displayed by a lady, who accompanied that instrument, in incomparable style, and also by the skill of Mr. Solicitor Wynne, from Hobart Town, contributed to excite feelings of religious fervor and enchantment amongst the entire audience. The Vicar General sang the high mass with great ability ...

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2242514

Colonial Times (9 March 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8779478

"DEATH", Alexandra Times (10 December 1868), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59795029

"MARRIED", Alexandra Times (11 June 1869), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59795380 



Musical work:

The Lanarkshire polka, composed by Josephine Villeneuve Smith (Hobart: Huxtable & Deakin, [1855]), in The Tasmanian lyre

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/11443930 (DIGITISED)

https://stors.tas.gov.au/smu128054392 (DIGITISED)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/6842832 (DIGITISED)


Bibliography and resources:

J. M. Bennett and F. C. Green, "Smith, Francis Villeneuve (1819-1909)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/smith-sir-francis-villeneuve-4603

"Francis Villeneuve Smith", Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Smith_(Australian_politician)





SMITH, R.

Piano tuner and maker (fifteen years with Broadwood and Sons)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1853), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4789936

PIANO-FORTES carefully Tuned by Mr. R. Smith, fifteen years with Messrs. Broadwood & Sons. Orders will meet immediate attention. Address, R. Smith, at Mr. Spence's, 27, Collins-street, Melbourne.

"HORRIBLE OCCURRENCE. SUICIDE OF MR. SPENCE, THE DRAPER. (From the Melbourne Herald.)", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1853), 1s

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12946615

CONSIDERABLE sensation was created yesterday morning, in different parts of the city, by a rumour that Mr. Robert Spence, the draper, Elizabeth-street, had committed suicide by cutting his throat from ear to ear ... At four o'clock P. M., Dr. Wilmot, the City Coroner, proceeded to hold an inquest at the Leinster Arms ... a Mr. Robert Smith, a pianoforte maker, residing at Collingwood, stepped forward, and addressing the Coroner, said he was the brother-in-law of deceased, his sister having been the late Mrs. Spence. He arrived in the colony about three months ago, and when he first saw Mr. Spence, he noticed his hand to tremble, and considered him to be then incapable of managing his business ...





SMITH, Robert

Music master, fiddler

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1836


Documentation:

"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (8 March 1836), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8648941

Robert Smith, employed as music master and fiddler at Mr. Presnell's public house, was charged with misdemenour, in attempting to commit a felony. The fellow lived at the house, and bad free access to all parts of it. In the absence of the landlady on Sunday, he was found trying to obtain admittance by a key, that appeared to have been altered. The state of the key was very suspicious, and he could give no satisfactory account of his busi- ness at the house. As no direct proof was adduced of the intention to commit a felony, he was dealt with as a rogue and vagabond, and as a change from his fiddling capacity, was ordered to dance to a new tune at the tread wheel for three months.





SMITH, Sydney

Mouth organ player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1831


Documentation:

"Police Incidents", The Sydney Herald (30 May 1831), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12843096

Sydney Smith, for being riotous, drunk, &c., and dancing in the street to the tune of Drops o' Brandy, which he himself played on a mouth organ, had to cash up five bob, and was warned in future to hide his musical talents under a bushel.





SMITH, W. H.

Composer, bandmaster (Imperial Band)

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1879


Documentation:

"THE BRASS BAND CONTEST. To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1879), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13439236

"BRASS BAND CONTEST. To the Editor", Evening News (28 July 1879), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article107167377

"NEW MUSIC", Freeman's Journal (11 October 1879), 16

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article110562623

We have received from Mr. William Bullard, the "Australian Exhibition Schottische" composed by Mr. W. H. Smith. It is dedicated to P. A. Jennings, Esq., C.M.G., Executive Commissioner for the International Exhibition. The music is nicely arranged, and the "Exhibition Schottische" is sure to become a favourite. The printing, which is good, is done by Messrs. Gibbs, Shallard and Co. The price is Is. 6d.

"TEMPERANCE HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1880), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13462786

"Brevities", Evening News (26 June 1880), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108740768

Mr. W. H. Smith, the composer of the "Australian Exhibition Schottische," has been elected bandmaster of the Imperial band.

"Brevities", Evening News (29 April 1882), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article107992717

Mr. W. H. Smith, Bandmaster of the Imperial and Mercantile Bands, writes on the subject of Brevities, which have appeared as to the practising of band music in Selwyn-street, that on Wednesdays night (referred to in Thursday's "Brevities"), the drum was not touched, the drummer being absent from practice, and that the playing of the other instruments ceased a few minutes past 10. As to the band being discordant, he avers that they play well together, and in tune. When they practiced in Brisbane-street there were no complaints, though they were merely learners and practising their scales.


Musical works:

The Australian Exhibition schottische (composed by W. H. Smith) (Sydney: William Bullard, [1879])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/19573887 





SMITH, William

Precentor (St. Stephen's, Macquarie Street), conductor (Presbyterian Psalmody Association)

Active Sydney, NSW by 1865
Died Waverley, NSW, 30 August 1893, in his 51st year


Summary:

Mr. William Smith was precentor of St. Stephen's Presbyterian Church, Macquarie Street, Sydney, from 1877 until his resignation in March 1880, only a month after the inauguration of the new Willis organ on 8 February 1880 which, no doubt, seriously impacted on the simpler style of vocal music prevailing there hitherto.


Documentation:

"PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, PYRMONT", Empire (8 November 1865), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63239284

"TEA MEETING AND ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 November 1873), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13327473

"Presbyterian Psalmody Association", Evening News (18 January 1876), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article107192754

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 September 1893), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13912896

"FUNERAL SERVICE AT WAVERLEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1893), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28263578

At Waverley Presbyterian Church yesterday funeral service was conducted by the Rev. Macaulay, M.A., having special reference to death of Mr. William Smith, of the Waverley Quarries, who was buried at the Waverley Cemetery on Friday ... Mr. Smith was for many years precentor of St. Stephen's Church, Sydney, and also took an active part in the Liedertafel, where his voice was of great service.


Bibliography and resources:

http://www.ssms.org.au/organists.html





SMYTH, Arthur Bowes

First Fleet diarist, naval surgeon

Born England, 23 August 1750
Arrived Botany Bay, NSW, 18/20 January 1788 (on Lady Penryhn)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 20 April 1789 (on Lady Penryhn, for Lord Howe Island)
Died England, 31 March 1790

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-640802 (NLA persistent identifier)


Summary:

Though having only a handful of musical observations, Bowes Smyth's First Fleet diary (22 March 1787-August 1789) remains an important early documentary source for its entries dated 7 August 1787, and 7 and 9 February 1788. It exists in three versions.

The original manuscript, made in situ with illustrations:

National Library of Australia (digitised MS: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/43228195

http://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/1837771)

and two later edited and corrected fair copies:

State Library of New South Wales (digitised MS and online transcript)

http://archival.sl.nsw.gov.au/Details/archive/110316318 

http://acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/_transcript/2015/D36405/a1085.html (TRANSCRIPT)

British Library (MS, search item: 032-002104405)





SMYTHE, Robert Sparrow (R. S. SMYTHE; Robert SMITH)

Concert agent, musical commentator (husband of Amelia Bailey)

Born Lambeth, London, 13 March 1833
Active Australia, by 1862
Died Depedene, VIC, 23 May 1917

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1462627 (NLA persistent identifier)


Documentation:

"STATE ACADEMY OF MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1891), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13829268

"THE MOST TRAVELLED MANAGER IN THE WORLD", New Zealand Herald (19 September 1891), 1

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NZH18910919.2.58.5

"DEATH OF MR. R. S. SMYTHE", The Argus (24 May 1917), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1620084

... Early in the fifties Mr. Smythe was recommended by his medical adviser to try the long sea voyage to Australia as a sort of last hope in an aggrevated case of pulmonary weakness. That voyage not only provided a complete cure, but was the beginning of wanderings that made Mr. Smythe familiar with most of the inhabited portions of the earth. Upon reaching Australia he joined the ranks of the newspaper press and in the course of his journalistic experiences in Melbourne and Adelaide witnessed and described some of the historic incidents of the early days ... But Mr. Smythe in the early sixties discovered that, like Ulysses, " he could not rest from travel ", and he organised a small concert party, headed by two young French instrumentalists, Poussard and Douay, whom he piloted for five years through Australia, Asia and South Africa ...


Bibliography and resources:

"Smythe, Robert Sparrow", The dictionary of Australasian biography

https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Dictionary_of_Australasian_Biography/Smythe,_Robert_Sparrow 

M. Shillingsburg, "Smythe, Robert Sparrow (1833-1917)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/smythe-robert-sparrow-8568 

"Robert Sparrow Smythe", Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Sparrow_Smythe 



SMYTHE, Carlyle Greenwood (Carlyle SMYTHE)

Music journalist and reviewer (The Argus), musical and artists agent, writer

Born Umbana, Himalayas (son of Amelia BAILEY and Robert SMYTHE)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1869-1925
Died Nice, France, December 1925

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1462603 (NLA persistent identifier)


Documentation:

"MR. CARLYLE SMYTHE. Death in France", The Argus (18 December 1925), 21

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2174145

Mr. Carlyle Smythe was the son of the late Mr R. S. Smythe and Mrs Smythe ... Mr. [Robert] Smythe sen, was, as is well remembered, an entrepreneur for eminent lecturers, and also for some years a concert manager. Mrs R. S. Smythe (who was Miss Amelia Bailey) was a soprano singer on one of the tours conducted by Mr. Smythe, and it was while they were on a tour in the East that Mr. Carlyle Smythe was born at Umbana, at the foot of the Himalaya Mountains. His childhood and boyhood were spent in Melbourne, and he was educated at Hawthorn Grammar School, under Professor Irving ... He became a student of the University, where he gained the degree of bachelor of arts. ... After leaving the university Mr. Carlyle Smythe assisted in managing some of the more notable tours which his father arranged. Subsequently, he spent some time in Europe, during which he engaged in journalism in Brussels, where he was for four years editor of the "Belgian Times", a journal published in English and French. He also published a history of Belgium. Upon his return to Australia he took up the interests that his father had made practically a family possession ... After his father had retired Mr. Carlyle Smythe made engagements on his own account, and among other notable persons who came to Australia under his auspices were Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Mr. Alexander Watson, Captain Amundsen and Annie Besant. The promise of Mr Carlysle Smythe's early life in literature and art was thoroughly fulfilled during his connection with journalism in the intervals between his other engagements which involved travelling. He was for a considerable time a valued contributor to these columns, both as art and musical critic and as a writer on the broad questions of international policy ..."





SNELLING, William

Professor of Music, pianist, organist (St. John's Church, Launceston), convict

? Arrived VDL (TAS), 21 August 1841 (convict per Asia 6) Active Launceston, TAS, 1854
? Died Hobart, TAS, 25 January 1875


Documentation:

Convict records, William Snelling; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:143639; CON33/1/9; CON18/1/28 Page 112

http://search.archives.tas.gov.au/ImageViewer/image_viewer.htm?CON33-1-9,281,211,F,60 

http://search.archives.tas.gov.au/ImageViewer/image_viewer.htm?CON18-1-28,196,59,C,120 

? "CONVICT DEPARTMENT ... Conditional Pardons", Launceston Examiner (3 July 1847), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36252431

... William Snelling, Asia 6 ...

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (18 March 1854), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36288627

MR. WILLIAM SNELLING, Professor of Music, informs the gentry and inhabitants of Launceston and its vicinity, that he is giving lessons on the Pianoforte, and hopes by assiduity to merit a share of patronage. Address Mr. Tozer's, Jeweller, &c.. Charles street. March 18.

"COURT OF REQUESTS. £10 COURT", Launceston Examiner (6 November 1856), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36299507 

"REMINISCENCES [BY B.]", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39477627

... I believe Miss Henry, now Mrs. H. B. Nicholls, was at one time organist at St. John's, then Mr. William Snelling, afterwards Mr. Tom Sharp, who held the post for many years ...


? Disambiguation:

William Snelling (d. 1875), convict per Larkins, 1831 (coach maker, of Hobart)

Convict record, William Snelling; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1436391; CON31/1/39

http://search.archives.tas.gov.au/ImageViewer/image_viewer.htm?CON31-1-39,243,155,F,60 

Inquests, William Snelling; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1360294; POL709/1/12 p.31 (1875); SC195/1/57 Inquest 7468

https://stors.tas.gov.au/SC195-1-57-7468 

William Snelling, convict per Joseph Soames, 1, 1846

http://search.archives.tas.gov.au/ImageViewer/image_viewer.htm?CON33-1-77,255,189,F,60 





SOBELS, Richard

Bassoonist (Tanunda School Band)

Active Tanunda, SA, 1853


Documentation:

"TANUNDA SCHOOL EXAMINATION", South Australian Register (29 March 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article38463998

... Some good pieces of music also were performed by a band of youthful musicians, under the direction of Mr. Draeger. Amongst the performances, we noticed as very creditable those of Franz Beyer and Hugo Muecke, on the violin; of Hermann Nettelbeck on the German flute; and of Richard Sobels on the bassoon. The oldest of these performers does not exceed their teen years of age ...

? "Obituaries of the Week", Observer (25 June 1910), 38

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article164701024 

A gloom pretfiiled at Tanunda on Sunday when it became known that Mr. Richard Carl Sobels, the popular host of the Tanunda Hotel, had died early that morning after a few days' illness at the, age of 72 years. The deceased gentleman was born on March 13, 1838, at Quedlinburg, Saxony, Germany. He arrived in South Australia by the ship Hermann von Beckrath on December 15, 1847 ...





SOLLY, John

Bugler (9th Regiment), convict

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840


Documentation:

[Notice of absconders], The Sydney Herald (29 October 1840), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12866243

Solly John, Coramandel (3), 41, Canterbury, bugler in the 9th Foot, 5 feet 11 inches, fair and ruddy comp., sandy hair, grey eyes, holding a Ticket of Leave for the district of Windsor.





SOLOMON, Mr.

Violinist, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1839


Documentation:

"CECILIAN SOCIETY'S ANNIVERSAY CONCERT", The Colonist (14 December 1839), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31724206

Mr. Solomon's performance on the violin, as usual, gave universal satisfaction and was encored. Mr. Wallace's flute was listened to with the same pleasure it always is. "The Maid of Judah" was very well sung by Mr. S. a [?] (Secretary to the Society), although Mr. S. was labouring under a severe cold.





SOLOMON, Mr.

Circus performer, cornopean player

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1848


Documentation:

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (3 November 1848), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8763785 

... After which, THE FLYING CORD, By Mr. Solomon, Who, in the course of his Performance, will introduce on the Cornopean the favorite Solo of "Kate Kearney" ...





SOLOMON, Aaron

Music teacher, blind musician, piano tuner

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1885


Documentation:

"VICTORIAN ASYLUM AND SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND", Bendigo Advertiser (27 October 1885), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88655436

"Local and Other News", Kyabram Union (19 January 1894), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65711596

We would direct attention to the fact that Mr A. Solomon, teacher of music and singing, visits Tatura every Tuesday and Wednesday, and can be seen at Mrs. Finn's, Casey-street, on those days. Mr Solomon holds credentials for tuning from Mr Arthur H. Whinfield, musical director to the Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind, Mr. A. J. Pallett, vocal master, J. T. Hogarth, superintendent and secretary and A. E. King, tuning-master, and J. T. Higgins, tuning instructor to the above institution. Mr. Pallett speaks of Mr. Solomon as a careful, diligent teacher, one ever ready to help to push forward the interests of those placed under his charge. He was looked upon as one of the best pupils the Blind Institute produced, and was especially useful as a choir director. Mr. Solomon has been teaching in this district for the past 18 months, and, wherever he has been, he has always received a good name as a teacher. He is at present conductor of the Murchison Choral Society, and acts as organist at the Church of England at the same town. Mr Solomon's proved ability to instruct and teach singing and music should secure for hint a number of pupils in Tatura and its surroundings.

"BLIND MUSICIANS", Grey River Argus (23 August 1898), 3

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/GRA18980823.2.10

... Aaron Solomon went blind when six years of age. He retired to rest one night and woke the next morning only to find his sight was gone, and the remarkable occurrence has never been satisfactorily accounted for. For five years he was employed at the Institute as a music teacher, and for two years was teaching in the Goulburn Valley district, being at the same time organist of Christ Church, Murchison, and conductor of the Murchison Choral Society. He has a splendid baritone voice, and his comic songs have convulsed many an audience. He is also a master of the piano, cornet, etc., and holds a certificate for piano tuning.

"MENDICANTS IN THE CITY. Prosecuted for Obstruction", The Argus (22 June 1923) 9

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2020853

"CONCERT BY THE BLIND", West Gippsland Gazette (11 November 1924), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article68631699


Image: http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/182657507





SOLOMON, Edward (SALAMON; SOLOMAN) = Edward SALAMAN





SOLOMON, Isaac

Singer (Hobart Synagogue)

Born Sheerness, 1814
Arrived VDL (TAS), 1833 (free)
Died Dunedin, NZ, 1897


Summary (Levi):

1842 census: Shopkeeper, Collins Street, Hobart; Member of Hobart Hebrew Congregation; 17 Jan 1845, Hobart Town Advertiser he's imported 400,000 "Segars". [Levi, These are the names (2006), 730-31]


Documentation:

"OPENING OF THE SYNAGOGUE ARGYLE STREET", The Observer (8 July 1845), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article62134999

"THE SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (11 July 1845), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8756924

In answer to numerous enquiries as to whether the gentlemen composing the choir at the opening of the Jewish Synagogue last Friday were professionals, we can inform our readers that the whole of them (consisting of Messrs. M. S. Simeon, treble; D. Allen, tenor; E. Isaacs, counter tenor; Isaac Solomon and H. Nathan, bass;) were young men of the Hebrew religion, one of whom (Mr. Simeon) had assisted in a similar ceremony at home, and remembering the melodies, sung them to Mr. Reichenberg, who most felicitously melodized them. Mr. R attempted, and it must be admitted, accomplished the teaching five persons to sing in parts, and acquiring himself sufficient Hebrew to comprehend what he had to teach, in a manner which must increase the already high opinion entertained by the Tasmanian public of his professional superiority.

"THE SYNAGOGUE", The Observer (15 July 1845), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article62135058

In our last a paragraph was omitted in which we sought to do justice to some whose names were not mentioned with that praise which was due to them for the part they performed in the opening service at the Synagogue. The music we learn was brought to this colony by Mr. Simeon, whose melodious voice was so much admired in company with the voice of Messrs. Edward Isaacs, Henry Nathan, David Allen, and Isaac Solomons. The vocal attraction at the Synagogue is likely to draw many visitors from time to time, whose interest is not likely to stop with that gratification, or benefit be confined to the hearing of the ear.





SOMERS, Michael Joseph (Joe SOMERS)

Professor of music, pianist, accordion player, musical director, comedian

Active Goulburn, NSW, 1882
Died Sydney, NSW, 18 July 1917, aged 58 years

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-usertag=Michael+Joseph+Somers (TROVE public tag)


Documentation:

"MISS CLARA HAMILTON's CONCERTS", Goulburn Herald (14 March 1882), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117439565 

The first of two concerts by Miss Clara Hamilton, Scotch vocalist, was given in the hall of the mechanics' institute last night. The audience numbered about three hundred. Miss Hamilton was assisted by a number of local amateurs, comprising Mrs. Troughton, pianist, Miss Riley and Messrs. Somers, Mitchell, Whitehead, and Holloway ...

"GOULBURN POLICE COURT", Goulburn Herald (9 May 1882), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article117439432 

False Pretences. - Michael Joseph Somers (on bail) was charged with obtaining by false pretences a watch, chain, and locket from Maurice Lynch on the 13th February. He pleaded not guilty ...

[Lynch said] To the prisoner: I made a mistake; it was not the 21st March when I last saw you in Goulburn, I should have said the 21st April; it was not in consequence of what I heard of your departure for America that I instituted the present proceedings; I know that at the time you bought the watch you were organist at the church and band-master for the juvenile guild band ...

In reply to the charge the prisoner said: At the time I bought the watch, chain, and locket I did it only on the spur of the moment, thinking at the time that I was giving the prosecutor a little assistance in his business by becoming a customer; the prosecutor knew very well at the time that when I made the purchase I did so with the intention of paying for it before getting possession; if I had made a remark about having money in the bank I did not do so with the intention of defrauding the prosecutor; I have been in prosecutor's company on several occasions, and no mention had been made of the matter when leaving Goulburn to go to Sydney; I had no intention of doing so for good, as I had a great many pupils both for dancing and music awaiting my return; I only went to Sydney on a matter of business; and fully intended returning on Friday last; some false reports have been spread about me during my absence, which have led to the present prosecution.

The prisoner was committed to take his trial at the court of quarter sessions to be held on the 29th August next, bail allowed, himself in £50, and one surety of £50, which was forthcoming.

"QUARTER SESSIONS", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (31 August 1882), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article98418078 

... Mr. Gannon addressed the jury, alluding to the case as a trumpery one. The jury must see that Lynch, when he sold the watch, was influenced by the fact, that the prisoner hold a good position in the town ... He thought there could be very little doubt in the minds of the jury as to the innocence of his client, and that he would be discharged from the dock. His Honor briefly summed up, and the jury without leaving the box, returned a verdict of not guilty, and the prisoner was discharged.

"AMONG THE RATS", Evening News (14 January 1889), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108788459 

A well attended meeting of the members of the club was held in the Castle, in Castlereagh-street, on Sunday night. Mr. Joe Somers occupied the chair. The orchestra consisted of - violins, Messrs. F. Smith, J. Brady, F. Smith, senr.; pianists - Messrs. G. Crook, M. Edwards, and W. Russell; concertinas - Messrs. H. North, R. Booth, H. Shaw, W. Montgomery; cornets - Messrs. C. Gee, J. Turner, W. English; picolos - Messrs. J. Smith, senr., and P. Millwood. Mr. Joe Somers, in a happy speech, proposed "The Visitors," in which he included the members of the Liberator Lodge, E.A.O.B., which club entertained a number of Rats lasts Friday night. Messrs. J. Taylor and Phillips responded. Messrs. Frank Lincoln and George Wright were elected as new members. During the evening some good songs, &c. were given by Messrs. W. Russell, J. Taylor, J. Somers, J. Duke, G. Smith, Phillips, Hoskins, Mason, W. Fitzpatrick, M. Edwards, and W. Wood.

"AUSTRALIAN WAXWORKS CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1901), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14430451 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1917), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15759538 

SOMERS. - July l8, 1917, at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Michael Joseph (Joe) Somers (pianist), aged 58 years. R.I.P.





SOTHERN, John Russell

Organist, composer, author, printer, publisher

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1862
Died North Queensland, 21 November 1895

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-606711 (NLA persistent identifier)


Summary:

Sothern published a volume of verse, Zephyrus, and other poems in Melbourne in July 1862, and his first musical publication followed in March 1863, an anthem, The lord is my shepherd. In June 1863 his patriotic song The British volunteers (word by S. H. Banks of the Collingwood Rifles) was sung at the Royal Haymarket Theatre in Melbourne. A few months later he relocated to Sydney, where in April 1864, it was reported that:

Mr. Southern [sic] has composed a very excellent Magnificat which it is said he intended to send to England for publication. This gentleman has also composed other pieces possessing merit, particularly the Australian New Year's march.

This latter was published for New Year 1864 under the imprint of Wilkie, Elvy, and Co., Sydney, "Dedicated to Lieutenant Colonel Kempt, of the XII Regiment". It was perhaps the same work as the "Original Grand March, composed by J. R. Southern Esq. [sic] ... performed on the Organ, by the composer" during the interval at a concert in Sydney in October 1863; and perhaps, too, the same as the "AUSTRALIAN CHRISTMAS MARCH ... by J. R. SOUTHERN, Esq., that was advertised as about to be published in December by George Peck's widow and son, Felix. And again, at a charity concert in July 1864, "An Australian march, performed by the composer, Mr. J. R. Southern (who kindly volunteered his services as accompanist) concluded the first portion of the entertainment".

Before the end of 1864, Sothern had relocated again to Queensland, where, in Ipswich, in June 1867, he released part 1 of The Queensland comic song book (NO COPY IDENTIFIED).

According to a later account (Barker 1927), Sothern had brought printing plant with him from Sydney:

... for the purpose of printing a sporting newspaper. He told me the original cost of the plant was £1100. His partners were Messrs. Controy and Hunt ... The name of the paper was "Bell's Life" and its columns were open to sporting advertisements and news. It was a failure and his partners left him to battle with a load of debts ... Then came the historical opening up of Gympie in October, 1867 and Mr. Sothern joined the big rush to that field ... After a couple of months, however, Mr Sothern came back from Gympie a sad and poor man, one of many unlucky diggers. He resumed work and continued until January, 1868, when Messrs. Parkinson and Kidner purchased the plant and took it to Gympie, where they established the Gympie Times.

Back in Sydney in June 1876, James Reading and Co. published Sothern's Empress of India grand march (see second edition The empress of India march).

He was living in Castlemaine, VIC, in June 1879 when his ballad A passing dream was awarded bronze medal for musical composition at the Sandhurst Exhibition. He was piano tuning in Cairns by 1889, and died there, intestate, in 1895.


Documentation:

[News], The Argus (5 July 1862), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5717759

[News], The Argus (3 March 1863), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6483812

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 June 1863), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6486198

[Advertisement], Empire (19 October 1863), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60550085

[Advertisement], Empire (5 December 1863), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60552577

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1863), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13093019

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1864), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13093836

"TONIC SOL-FA ASSOCIATION", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1864), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article30934293

"DENISON HOUSE MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT SOCIETY. BENEFIT FUND CONCERT", Empire (6 July 1864), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60558697

"SHIPPING", Brisbane Courier (10 December 1864), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1265496

"News of the Week", The Queenslander (8 June 1867), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article20313569

[Advertisement], Rockhampton Bulletin (4 March 1871), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article51581536

[Advertisement], Rockhampton Bulletin (9 March 1871), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article51581557

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1876), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13375636

[News], The Argus (3 July 1876), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5893817

"MUDGEE", Australian Town and Country Journal (19 August 1876), 10

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70603584

"SANDHURST", The Argus (18 June 1879), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5947338

[News], The Argus (12 March 1881), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5985664

[Advertisement], Cairns Post (5 June 1889), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39425067

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 July 1899), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3698096

"OLD IPSWICH NEWSPAPER HISTORY. MR. G.A. BARKER'S RECORD", Queensland Times (26 July 1927)

"Some Rare Australian Books", The West Australian (23 September 1933), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article33305025 





SOU-ALLE, Ali-Ben (Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle; Augustin Edouard SOUALLE; ? or Charles Jean-Baptiste SOUALLE)

Saxophone-turkophone player, clarinet player, pianist, composer

? Born Arras, Pas-de-Calais, France, 14 July 1824 (Charles Jean-Baptiste SOUALLE)
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, by June 1853; departed 20 February 1855 (for Auckland, NZ)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 28 May 1855 (from Auckland, NZ)
Departed ? Sydney, NSW, after June 1855
? Died Paris, France, 16 August 1899 (Charles Jean-Baptiste SOUALLE)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Ali-Ben+Sou-Alle (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-780052 (NLA persistent identifier)

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb13994856s (BnF notice de personne; identifies him as Charles Jean-Baptiste SOUALLE)


THIS ENTRY IS A STUB


Summary:

Ali-Ben Sou-Alle, the self-styled "turkophone" (saxophone) virtuoso, and convert to Islam who habitually performed in his adopted Turkish "national costume", toured the world during the 1850s, later in Paris publishing musical "souvenirs" of Natal, Shanghai, Java, Mauritius, and Australia, among others. Sou-Alle performed in London for Jullien during the Great Exhibition of 1851, and perhaps lured by reports of the healthy new market for entertainers in the far east, eventually arrived in Australia in mid 1853. As well as making a hit with his mixture of musicianship and showmanship, he also produced several local compositions.

At the official opening of the Geelong Railway in September 1853, it was reported that:

During the déjeuner, an anthem ... set to music by the celebrated Ali Ben Sou Alle, was sung by Mr. Hancock, and received with rapturous applause.

It was performed again in Melbourne in March 1854 with full orchestral accompaniments. The lyricist was the English poet Martin Farquhar Tupper, the words perhaps identical with his Advance Australia, "A National Ballad for the Times 1853", published by Woolcott and Clarke in Sydney.

At the Mechanics' Institute in Melbourne on 5 August 1853, Sou-Alle introduced a Valse l'Australienne, "(first time), composed expressly for this concert", and Cheerily, men, "the sailor's song, by desire, a piece of descriptive music", also expressly composed, and described in a detailed program note in the advertisement. It was probably the same piece reviewed earlier in the Argus:

...we perceive that Mr. Sou-Alle is a composer of considerable merit. A piece composed by him, representing a storm at sea, and containing an adaptation of the well-known sailors' song, was very well received at the last concert, and is to be repeated to-night.

In Melbourne in March 1854 he introduced his Turki-Russian historical polka ("composed on the arrival of news of the late victories of the Turks at Kalafat and Oltenitza"), and at his concert in Hobart in November 1854, Sou-Alle dedicated to the governor William Denison his Tasmanian polka. In Melbourne that same month, with the band of the 40th Regiment, he presented his Digger's polka, which, according to the press:

... though not fully appreciable to the fairer portion of hearers, was interesting to many present, who would be reminded of the differences between the dash of the lucky miner's cradle and the slow plaintive tone of that of the solitary man who gloomily collects his pennyweights.

The polka remained in the 40th band's repertoire, and they played it again in Melbourne in June 1856. They also performed his Turkish polka.

At least one of his compositions was printed in the colonies; advertised for sale in Goulburn in October 1855, after he had left the colony, The Goulburn waltz, dedicated "a mes amis de Goulburn", followed two concerts he had given in the town in January 1855; it is perhaps the same work as the Valse l'Australiaenne mentioned above.

Miska Hauser attended a farewell breakfast given to Sou-Alle at the Goulburn Hotel on his departure for Windsor. Both his and Hauser's Goulburn concerts created a minor sensation, when a local music-lover, none other than Daniel Deniehy, was charged, in effect, with lèse-majesté for, on each occasion, sitting with his hat on during the God save the queen.

Sou-Alle is last heard of in Sydney in June 1855, having previously reported that he was "starting for Europe, where he has an engagement to perform at the approaching Exhibition of Paris [1855]." His extant musical recollection, Souvenirs d'Australie et de Manille was published in Paris in 1861.

Sou-Alle's nationality has often been questioned. In South Africa, it was believed that he was an "Patrick Sullivan" (George S. Jackson, Music in Durban, 1970, 14); in Australia (according to Lea-Scarlett 1970, 27): "Ben Sullivan attracted crowds as Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle". However, the Revue et gazette musicale de Paris (1857) states that he was born in Pas-de-Calais, France.

Documentation for his naturalisation in Mauritius (as a British subject, prior to his going to England) identifies him as:

No. 26 [de 1863]. Pour naturaliser M. Augustin Edouard SOUALLE, alias ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE.

He has sometimes been identified as Charles-Valentin Soualle; but his modern editors and publishers, and following them the Bibliothèque nationale de France and most other recent source, identify him as Charles-Jean-Baptiste Soualle, born in Arras in 1824, and died in Paris either 1899, or perhaps 1876. A Charles-Jean-Baptiste-Alexandre Soualle is documented as being involved in a legal case in Paris in 1865-66, though the matter is not connected with music. On the other hand, Alexandre Soualle, a manufacturer of music boxes, was active c.1855-61.


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 June 1853), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4793394

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 June 1853), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4793459

"CONCERT", The Argus (25 July 1853), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4794897

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 August 1853), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4795329

"THE INAUGURATION FETE OF THE GEELONG RAILWAY (Abridged from the Geelong Advertiser)", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12949346

"MUSICAL. To the Editor", The Argus (24 January 1854), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4802335

Sir, - The patronage with which you were king enough to honor me at my first appearing in Melbourne, makes it a duty to me to infrom you of my labors and my intentions. As yourself, full of hopes in the future of this country, I have well understood my task in touching at the same time all the branches useful to the country, Religious, Classical, Patriotic, Romantic and Military. The different piece for the great orchestre and chrous are for the last month in rehearsal by the splendid band of the 40th Regiment. The following are the titles:-

Australian Anthem for great orchestre, and chorus, poetry by Tupper, from your paper.
Cheerily Men, with great orchestre, poetry, Prayer and chorus.
The Australian Banner, military march.
The Australian Flowers, grand waltz.
Diggers Polka
Turkish March, and several other new pieces for my instruments.

Will you be kind enough to make the readers of your paper acquainted with my early arrival in Melbourne, to finish those rehearsals, and begin a new series of grand concerts. I remain, Sir, Your humble obedient servant, ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE, Geelong, 19th January, 1854.

The words of the anthem by Tupper had appeared in The Argus earlier in the month:

"ORIGINAL POETRY", The Argus (15 June 1854), 9

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4793579 

His setting was probably that same as the anthem to words by Tupper performed earlier in Geelong.

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 March 1854), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4804220

"ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE", The Courier (6 October 1854), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2240661

[Advertisement], (1 November 1854), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2240114

"Public Amusements: ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE'S concert ...", The Courier (4 November 1854), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2246230

"ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE", Bell's life in Sydney (30 December 1854), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59759613

"MUSIC IN THE COUNTRY", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12964724

"YASS. JANUARY 20", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 January 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12964868

"WINDSOR. ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12965007

"BREAKFAST TO ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE", The Courier (10 February 1855), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2479145

"CLEARANCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12965929

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 May 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12969871

"NEW ZEALAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12969884

"MORE CONCERTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (16 June 1855), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3710411

"ALI BEN SOU ALLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12970637

ALI BEN SOU ALLE. After a professional tour through the chief provinces of New Zealand, where his success throughout was of the most flattering, and, we are glad to add, the most substantial character, this clever artiste has returned to the colony, and previous to giving a series of concerts in Sydney, he has accepted a pressing invitation to visit Woollongong and its vicinity. He was accompanied to New Zealand by Monsieur Valere, a tenor singer of much promise, and who continues to assist in the concerts which he is now giving. On the 8th and 11th instant, he gave concerts at Wollongong to crowded audiences, the "familie" of the Turkophone-Saxe, from la petite turkoponini upwards, being most cordially received. The extraordinary efforts produced on each of his instruments, and the exquisite taste displayed in the execution of the classical music selected elicited the warmest demonstrations. On the 10th, he gave a concert at Dapto, with equal success, and was to give another last evening at Kiama, We shall be glad to see Ali Ben-Sou-Alle return to Sydney, and assist in various musical entertainments which are in contemplation tor the winter season. He is a musician of great attainments, and we hope that his reception on his return to Sydney, will induce him to prolong his stay.

D. H. DENIEHY, "To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1855), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12972588

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (6 October 1855), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118312741 

Just Published, And on Sale at the Goulburn Herald Office, PRICE 2s. 6d. THE GOULBURN WALTZ, composed by ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 June 1856), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4839609

"ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE. Pondichery, 1er mai 1857", Revue et gazette musicale de Paris 2/25 (21 June 1857) 204

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=HO8sAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA204

"THE MAURITIUS", The Age (24 November 1857), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154835729 

We have files of the Port Louis Gazette to the 9th of October ... Amateurs of good music - and who are not - have a rich treat in store. The arrival of the renowned Ali-Ben-Sou-AUe amongst us and the announcement of a concert for Thursday next is welcome news. We know that it is not prudent at all times to offer opinions on the faith of others, but as the reputation of this distinguished musician is so firmly established we feel satisfied we risk nothing. For these last 3 or 4 years Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle has been delighting and astonishing all parts of Australia and India with his extraordinary talent. His principal instrument is the turkophine [sic] which combines all the melody and sweetness of tho flute with the roundness and depth of the French Horn. It possesses a peculiar richness and fulness of tone and is of great compass, while it is capable of the most rapid execution. Besides this instrument Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle plays on the turkophinini with which he imitates the Scotch bagpipes and sings the Scotch airs in such a way as to entrance the patriots of Scotland. The most popular of Moore's melodies he plays admirably, as well as an endless variety of selections from the most familiar operas. With all these attractions besides a picturesque and graceful costume, and a handsome and commanding appearance Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle will be sure to attract a well-filled theatre.

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1858), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28630368

"ISLE OF FRANCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1860), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13037928 

WE translate the following monthly summary of local intelligence at the Mauritius from the Mauricien newspaper of Tuesday, the 7th ultimo [February] ... M. Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle gave his farewell concert on Saturday, in the presence of a numerous and select audience. It was the eleventh concert which he has here given, five of which alone were for his individual advantage, and so much is he liked that his last concert was as well attended as his first. M. Ali-Ben Sou-Alle ought to take with him pleasant recollections of our island, which we hear that he quits with regret.

"MUSIQUE POUR PIANO", Bibliographie de France (30 November 1861), 574

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=QRcDAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA574

"SCHOOL OF ARTS. - LECTURE BY MR. R. H. HORNE", Goulburn Herald (12 November 1862), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102584778 

... The lecturer noticed, amongst other modes in which the public had been successfully imposed upon, the pretensions of professors of the occult arts, whose advertisements were still to be seen in the New York Herald, and alluded to the large fortune recently made in these colonies by the Irish impostor who passed under the name of Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle ...

"ORDONANCES", A collection of the laws of Mauritius and its dependencies, Volume 9 (1862-65), 160-61, 198

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=lsRBAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA160

[160] ORDONNANCE No. 8 De 1863. M. C. JOHNSTONE. - Décrétée par Son Honneur l'Officier Administrant le Gouvernement de l'Ile Maurice et de ses Dépendances, de l'avis et avec le consentement du Conseil du Gouvernement de la dite Ile / Titre. Pour naturaliser Mr. Augustin Edouard Sou-alle alias Ali-ben-sou-ali.e. (Cette Ordonnance a été confirmée; voir la Proclamation du 2 Juillet 1863)

[161] ORDINANCE No. 8 Of 1863. M. C. JOHNSTONE. - Enacted by His Honor the Officer Administering the Government of Mauritius and its Dependencies, with the advice and consent of the Council of Government thereof. Title. For the naturalization of Mr. Augustin Edouard Sou-alle alias Ali-ben-sou-alle. (Confirmed; see Proclamation of 2nd July 1863.

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=lsRBAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA198

ORDONNANCES (3) No. ... 26 [de 1863] Pour naturaliser M. Augustin Edmond SouAlle, alias Ali-ben-sou-alle. No. 19 de 1863

"CHRONIQUE", La Semaine des familles 6/32 (7 May 1864), 512

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=jFUZAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA512

"MUSIC", The London Review 9 (13 August 1864), 177

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=OIBNAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA177

"A VISIT TO THE PROMENADE CONCERTS", Punch (3 September 1864), 100

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=mxADAAAAIAAJ&pg=RA1-PA100

Journal général de l'imprimerie et de la libraririe 2/9 (1865), 55

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=hA2LLFJllKYC&pg=PA55 

ANGLETERRE ... MUSIQUE. Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle. A Sailor's life for me. Pr. 3. Come Back thou hapy dream, poetry by Frederick Enock. Pr. 3/. Londres, S. Ward [26

Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle. The Voice of the flower (Oh! forget me not), poetry by Frederick Enock. Pr. 3/. Londres, S. Ward [27

DELGARDE (E.). - The Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle, waltz, arranged on original mélodies composed bv Ali-Ben Sou-Alle. Pr. 4/. - The Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle polka. Pr. 3/. Londres, S. Ward [28

DELGARDE. - The Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle, quadrille. Pr. 4/. Londres, S. Ward . [29 ...

"1175", Bulletin des lois de la République Française 30/1522 (5 December 1866), 414

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=SPpGAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA414 

Le brevet d'invention de quinze ans ... le 19 août 1865 ... par les sieurs Rabier (Jean-Marie), architecte, et Soualle (Charles-Jean-Baptiste-Alexandre) négociant , à Paris, le premier ...


Selected musical works:

The digger's polka (Melbourne, Band of the 40th Regiment, November 1854); NO COPY IDENTIFIED

Turkish polka Melbourne, Band of the 40th Regiment, November 1854); NO COPY IDENTIFIED

Goulburn waltz, a mes amis de Goulburn, Ali Ben Sou Alle ([Goulburn]: [For the author], [1855])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/7431420 

Souvenirs de l'ile Maurice, Al-Ben-Sou-Alle à son ami Armand Bergstein [turcophone en si b, piano] ([Paris]: [Author], [BnF copy accessioned 1861]); publisher's number "A.B.S.A.(1)"

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb428121541 

http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k855885b (DIGITISED)

Souvenirs d'Australie et de Manille [turcophone en si b, piano] ([Paris]: [Author], [BnF copy accessioned 1861]); publisher's number "A.B.S.A.(7)"

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb42812149f 

Souvenirs de la Chine. Loc-tee-kun-tzin, air chinois ([Paris]: [Author], [BnF copy accessioned 1861]); publisher's number "A.B.S.A.(9)"

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb42812153p 

Souvenirs de Java [turcophone en si b, piano] ([Paris]: [Author], [BnF copy accessioned 1861]); publisher's number "A.B.S.A.(13)"

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb42812153p 

Adieu à la Nouvelle-Zélande, valse (pour piano) par Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle (Paris: Imp. de L. Parent, [1861])

http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb42812128g 


Bibliography and reso urces:

Richard Ingham, The Cambridge companion to the saxophone, 13

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=hA5dakk0vw8C&pg=PA13 (PREVIEW)

Fabien Chouraki, Ali-Ben Sou-Alle, biography, a mysterious 19th century saxophonist, Editions Lemoine

https://www.henry-lemoine.com/en/compositeurs/fiche/ali-ben-sou-alle 





SOUTER, Charles Henry ("NIL")

Violinist, composer, songwriter, poet, medical doctor

Born Aberdeen, Scotland, 11 October 1864
Arrived Sydney, NSW, March 1879 (per City of Corinth)
Died North Adelaide, SA, 20 August 1944

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-639046 (NLA persistent identifier)


Documentation:

"BALAKLAVA ATHLETIC SPORTS", Kapunda Herald (24 June 1892), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108361563

... after which Dr. C. H. Souter gave one of Wieniawski's mazurkas, "Obertass," as a violin solo, but his instrument was evidently not inclined for classical music on this occasion, although the doctor loves it, and is, generally master of it.

"DEATH OF DR. C. H. SOUTER", The Advertiser (24 August 1944), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43217445  


Musical works and songs:

"We camped at Lazy Harry's on the road to Gundagai"

"ON THE ROAD TO GUNDAGAI. OLD BUSH SONG, ARRANGED BY NIL", Evening News (19 December 1903), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113800041

"On the road to Gundagai"; and "Flash Jack at Gundagai"

In A. B. Paterson, The old bush songs: composed and sung in the bushranging, digging, and overlanding days (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1905), 24, 26

https://archive.org/stream/oldbushsongscomp00pateuoft#page/24/mode/2up


Bibliography and resources:

Vivian Smith, "Souter, Charles Henry (1864-1944)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/souter-charles-henry-8588/text14995





SOUTH, G. F. (Mr. G. F. SOUTH; ? George Frederick SOUTH)

Organist, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1863


Documentation:

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", Leader (26 December 1863), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article197289926

A Christmas concert of sacred and secular music was given on Tuesday in the Wesleyan Grammar Schools, Church street, Richmond, by the principal of the schools, Mr. G. F. South, assisted by the members of the Juvenile Philharmonic Society. The attendance was very large, and for the most part consisted of ladies. The evening's entertainment commenced with some pieces of sacred music, after which the cantata of "Christ Stilling the Tempest," composed by Mr South, was produced with great effect and ability, the soloists being - soprano, Miss E. Reeves; contralto, Miss F. Reeves; tenor, Mr. Wilson; and bass, Mr. C. Reeves. The composition of the piece reflects great credit on the musical talents of the composer. It received a most cordial welcome from the audience ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 May 1864), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5749079

"LATEST FROM VICTORIA", The Cornwall Chronicle (27 August 1864), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66456144

The Chronicle gives the music of an Australian jubilee ode, composed by Mr. G. F. South, organist of Richmond Wesleyan Church.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (10 August 1865), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155040712 

This evening a concert of sacred music will be given in the East Melbourne Congregational Church (Rev. J. Beer's), on the occasion of the opening of a new organ, constructed by Mr Geo. Fincham, of Bridge-road, Richmond. Mr. G. F. South will preside at the organ ...

[News], The Leader (12 August 1865), 3

... The programme submitted comprised selections from "The Messiah," "Judas Maccabaeus," "The Creation," and a new oratorio by Mr. G. F. South, entitled "Christ Stilling the Tempest" ...

[News], The Argus (13 September 1867), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5777844

A concert of sacred music took place last evening, in the Wesleyan Church, Richmond, in aid of the building fund. There was a fair attendance, there being about 200 people present. The programme consisted of selections from Handel, Haydn, Mozart, Mendelssohn, and other composers; and there being among the performers some acknowledged favourites, who were well supported by a good chorus, the various pieces were rendered in a manner that could not fail to give satisfaction. The efforts of Miss Mortley and Miss Ivey were especially applauded, as well as those of Mr. G. F. South, who presided at the organ with his usual ability. Mr. H. Wilson is also deserving of praise, for the creditable manner in which he performed the duties devolving upon him as conductor.

? [News], Gippsland Times (28 December 1883), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article62019926





SOUTTEN, Frank (baptised Frank; Fanck M. SOUTTEN; F. M. SOUTTEN)

Librettist, writer of farces, vaudevilles &c.

Born 31 July 1831; baptised, St. Paul, Covent Garden, London, 4 March 1832 (son of Francis SOUTTEN and Amelia BARNETT)
Active Melbourne, VIC, by August 1854
Died Albury, NSW, 4 January 1856, "aged 21" [sic]

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Frank+M+Soutten+d1856 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1585307 (NLA persistent identifier)


Documentation:

"DEATH FROM DROWNING", The Argus (18 January 1856), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4828553

We regret to have to record the occurrence of a fatal accident to Mr. F. M. Soutten, a young man of considerable literary ability and favorably known to the Melbourne public as the author of several clever vaudevilles which were performed by the Nelson family about two years ago. Mr. Soutten lost his life while bathing in the river Murray, at Albury, on the morning of the 4th inst... . The deceased was only twenty-one years of age, and was a great favourite with all who were in his intimates ... He was author of the successful vaudevilles, "The Sporting Gent", "A Midnight Mystery", "A Brace of Ducks", "A Turk in Distress", and "The Russians in Melbourne", the last of which was the first original burlesque produced in this colony. He was also associated with Mr. W. M. Akhurst in the authorship of a piece de circonstance entitled "The Battle of Melbourne" which, being founded upon the ridiculous circumstance which accompanied the return of the Great Britain from quarantine, met with great success at the Queen's Theatre ... Mr. Soutten came of a thoroughly theatrical family, his mother, when Miss Barnett, being renowned as one of the most accomplished maitresses de ballet of her day, and his uncle Mr. Morris Barnett, being even more famous as the author of "Monsieur Jacques", the "Serious Family", and numerous other successful dramatic pieces.


Associates:

Madame Soutten (Amelia Barnett SOUTTEN d.1877)

Sidney Nelson

W. M. Akhurst





SPAGNOLETTI FAMILY


SPAGNOLETTI, Ernesto (senior)

SPAGNOLETTI, Ernesto (junior)

SPAGNOLETTI, Nina


See main page:

http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/spagnoletti.php 





SPENCE, Mrs.

Vocalist (pupil of Garcia and Negri), teacher of singing and pianoforte

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by February 1855; ? departed May, 1855 (for Melbourne)


Documentation:

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12965915

M. Boulanger will be assisted by Mrs. Spence, who will make her first appearance in Sydney. This lady is a pupil of Garcia, and is very highly spoken of in musical circles.

[Advertisement], Empire (22 February 1855), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60177439

"MR. EDWARD BOULANGER'S SOIREE MUSICALE", Empire (23 February 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60180538

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 March 1855), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12966255

"MR. MARSH'S SOIREE MUSICALE", Empire (5 March 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60179917

"MISKA HAUSER", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 April 1855), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59760055

? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (23 May 1855), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4808481 

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1859), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13021548 

WANTED, by a LADY, who has studied under Garcia and Negri, PUPILS in PIANOFORTE and SINGING. For address, &c., apply to F. MADER, 269, George-street.





SPENCER, John B. (Rev'd Mr. SPENCER)

Vocalist, choirmaster

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 September 1835 (per Oriental, from Liverpool, April)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 28 February 1838 (per Lord William Bentinck, for London)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=John+Spencer+(Sydney+1835-38) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:

A Benedictine monk, Spencer arrived in Sydney with Bede Polding in September 1835. At Polding's installation at St. Mary's chapel later than month, he was reportedly one of choir. In February 1836, the Gazette considered the respective offerings of church music round the town, concluding:

"The solemnity and superiority of the music at the Roman Catholic Chapel over the other Churches, has become proverbial, and it is certainly a reflection on the parties concerned that with so beautiful an instrument, the performance and singing at St. James's Church is so mediocre. The singing even at the St. Phillip's Church, with the barrel organ, is superior to St. James's. The praise is more deserting to Mr. Spencer, the performer on the Accordion at the Chapel, as he has greater difficulties to encounter, and fewer singers than at the other Churches, notwithstanding which, the harmony is blended with taste and feeling, and consequently makes a suitable impression on the hearer, and commands devotion.

In May 1836 the Australian reported:

The admirers of sacred music had a rich treat in the service at St. Mary's church last Sunday, the whole of which, we believe, was under the superintendence of the Rev. Mr. Spencer, who displayed great taste in his selection of the music. Part of the mass was from Magginghi [Mazzinghi], which was peculiarly pretty, and part from that splendid composer Mozart. Mrs. Rust sang two beautiful solos, one "Ave verum," arranged by Myren [?], and the "Agnus Dei," from Mozart, which she executed with her usual brilliancy and feeling. The offertory was extremely beautiful, the treble by Mrs. Rust, the tenor by Mr. [Francis] Clarke, and the bass by Mr. Bushell. We have never heard this gentleman before - his voice is a very fine bass, and he sung the last mentioned piece in admirable style. We also observed Mr. Deane and Mr. Wallace in the choir, who added their valuable assistance. Mr. Cavendish presided scientifically at the Seraphine. We observed a great number of Protestant ladies and gentlemen in the body of the Church, which was crowded in every part.

In September 1836, at St. Mary's oratorio:

Mr. Spencer performed with much energy the difficult Recitative and Air at the opening of the "Creation" ...


Documentation:

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Colonist (17 September 1835), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31716978

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (21 September 1835), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12853094

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 February 1836), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2202735

"ST. MARY'S CHURCH", The Colonist (2 June 1836), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31718094

Letter, John Bede Polding, Sydney, to Dr. Birdsall (7 June 1836); ed. in Birt, Benedictine pioneers, 1, 293-94

https://archive.org/stream/BenedictinePioneersInAustraliaV1#page/n307/mode/2up 

... in the view of encouraging and giving strong motives to a manly line of conduct, I have made Mr Spencer, Subdeacon; and as soon as I can obtain a salary, I shall send [him] to Port Macquarie to form a congregation. He refers to his want of experience, to the state of dependence in which he has always lived, as the causes of his defects of character. I am determined he shall have a fair trial: and, for this purpose, I shall send him to Port Macquarie; the resort of all the invalids and what are called the Gentlemen Convicts ... [294] ... Spencer's faults are quite what they used to be: no immorality: but contriving and mischief-making; so long as he is with me, I could not think of having Boys, for I am sure I should be involved in scrapes of his making. I must say for him he evinces zeal in reading prayers and in instructing in his music for the Church to a certain degree; but I am miserably deceived in the hope that I entertained, that by his means I could introduce Music amongst the Children of the Charity Schools, and form them to Chapel singing. The fact is, he dislikes trouble and will plead inability, want of talent, any excuse to escape it ...

"THE ORATORIO", The Sydney Herald (26 September 1836), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12864654 

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Monitor (2 March 1838), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32159234

Letter, John Bede Polding, Sydney, to Mr. Hepton [Paulinus Heptonstall] (6 May 1838); ed. in Birt, Benedictine pioneers, 1, 320-21

https://archive.org/stream/BenedictinePioneersInAustraliaV1#page/n329/mode/2up 

... Our choir goes on prosperously. It is far superior to what it was under Mr. [321] S's management. Apropos, Mr. S has taken with him or put out of the way, a quantity of music arranged for the last festival. I cannot say how much he is censured by the musicians for this nonsense. To him it cannot be of any service; to us, of great. It has much injured him in the esteem of those by whom he wished to be deemed a badly used man.

"REMINISCENCES OF CATHOLICISM IN THE EARLY DAYS OF THE COLONY", Freeman's Journal (25 November 1865), 741

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115451063 

... [Bishop Polding] was accompanied by several rev. gentlemen, some of whom were fine singers, amongst these were the Rev. Mr. Spencer, who afterwards went home, and the Rev. Mr. Sumner, who was the first priest ordained in these colonies ...


Bibliography and resources:

John Kenny, A history of the commencement and progress of Catholicity in Australia, up to the year 1840 (Sydney: F. Cunninghame, 1886)

http://archive.org/details/ahistorycommenc00kenngoog

J. P. McGuanne, "The humours and pastimes of early Sydney", The Australian Historical Society journal and proceedings 1 (1901), 40-42

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/228954579 

... Father Spencer was a musician and choirmaster ...





SPIETSCHKA, William

Professor of music

Born Liebenau, Bohemia, 1841
Active SA, by 1864
Died Adelaide, SA, 21 January 1867, in the 26th year of his age


Documentation:

"EXPORTS", The South Australian Advertiser (27 December 1864), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31844954

"DIED", The South Australian Advertiser (23 January 1867), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28794601

SPIETSCHKA. - On the 21st January, by accidentally falling from his horse on the Bay-road, Mr. William Spietschka, professor of music, a native of Liebinau, Bohemia, in the 26th year of his age. Much regretted by a large circle of friends.

"THE LATE MR. SPIETSCHKA", South Australian Register (23 January 1867), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39180968

We are informed that Mr. Spietschka, who was about 26 years of age, was born at Liebenau, in Bohemia. His father was owner of a large glass ware manufactory, and died a few years before his son emigrated, leaving a large fortune to be divided among his nine children, one of whom is married to the Chief Secretary of Bohemia. The deceased was educated at the Commercial School, Leipsic. He afterwards held a commission in the Bohemian army, and had been in active service. He had no relations out here, but was in receipt of a good income from Germany. For a short time he was clerk at Messrs. Christen & Co., after which he was engaged in teaching music to a considerable number of pupils. He also became leader of the German Liedertafel about two years ago. Mr. Spietschka had been in the colony nearly five years, and being of an amiable disposition he was much liked by the Germans, who deeply regret his untimely death.





SPILLER, Adoplphus Frederick

Professor of dancing, music instrument tuner and repairer, roller-skate promoter

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1842 (of Irish parentage)
Active Hobart, by 1861

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Adolphus+Spiller (TROVE public tag)


SPILLER, William Henry

Violinist ("The Australian Paganini")

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1866
Died Hobart, TAS, 11 August 1926, aged 81

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=William+Henry+Spiller (TROVE public tag)


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Mercury (3 July 1865), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8833741 

DANCING DEPORTEMENT. ADOLPHUS F. SPILLER, (Pupil of Carandini and Campbell.) CLASS ROOMS, 82, COLLINS STEEET. Private Classes for Ladies and Gentlemen every Wednesday evening, from 7 to 10. Private Classes for Gentlemen only, one evening weekly. Private Lessons for Ladies or Gentlemen any hour from 6 to 10 p.m. An Afternoon and Evening Class for Children. Le Imperial, the New Quadrilles, and Stage Dancing taught. Terms- One guinea per quarter, or 9s. per month; two or more of a family, 15a., or 7s. per month. Schools and Families attended.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 April 1866), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5781979

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Mercury (20 December 1867), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8849576

"Theatre Royal", The Cornwall Chronicle (22 February 1868), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66462601

NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (8 April 1868), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8851505

"OUR MUSIC PAGE", Illustrated Sydney News (29 August 1873), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63619607

"2574", The London Gazette (4 August 1874), 3823

https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/24119/page/3823/data.pdf 

"A NEW WALTZ", The Mercury (12 March 1910), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article10055850 

A few decades back no more familiar name occurred in Tasmanian musical circles than that of Mr. W. H. Spiller, who, as a violinist, took a front rank among his then co-professionals. Not only as an executant did Mr. Spiller shine in the horizon of harmonics, but as a composer he proved himself above the rank and file. That the musician in question is still as enthusiastic in the "divine art" as of yore is demonstrated by the receipt of a copy of a new waltz, written for the piano, entitled "The Chimes," bearing the mark of his authorship ...

"MUSICIAN'S SUDDEN DEATH", The Mercury (12 August 1926), 10

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29454660

MUSICIAN'S SUDDEN DEATH. COLLAPSES WHILE GIVING LESSON. William Spiller, an elderly musician, collapsed and died at his rooms, 97 Collins-street, about 8-30 o'clock last night. He was preparing to give a music lesson when he had a seizure, and died before medical aid could be secured. The matter has been reported to the Coroner, and an inquest will be opened this morning.

"DEATHS", The Mercury (14 August 1926), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29454942

"A VALUABLE VIOLIN. WHEREABOUTS UNKNOWN", The Mercury (27 November 1929), 8

hthttp://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article29143545

The whereabouts of a valuable violin is providing a puzzle for the owners of it (says the New Zealand "Herald"). A couple of years ago, Mr. W. H. Spiller, of Wellington, died in Hobart, leaving his estate to his two sons, Messrs. F. and W. Spiller, and to a married daughter, in Christchurch. The estate included several violins reputed to be of considerable value. One of the instruments was deemed locally to be either a Stradivarius or an Amati, which, it true, might have meant that its value would have run into four figures ...


Musical works:

The Prince Alfred waltz (also Schottische and Galop; and possibly a Galatea Waltz also by Spiller) ([Hobart: Walch, 1868])

https://linctas.ent.sirsidynix.net.au/client/en_AU/all/search/detailnonmodal/ent:$002f$002fSD_ILS$002f0$002fSD_ILS:543245/one 

Flying Squadron galop (Hobart Town: J. Walch & Sons, [1869])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/11442933 

https://stors.tas.gov.au/smu128053238 

"The Atalante mazurka", Illustrated Sydney News (29 August 1873), 17

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63619639

The chimes waltz ([Hobart: Davies Brothers, 1910]

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/11443377 

https://stors.tas.gov.au/smu128053535 





SPOHR, Henry

Musician, bandsman

Active Sydney, NSW, from 1857


Summary:

In May 1860, Spohr (listed as musician, aged 22, native of Brunswick) and five colleagues (including Conrad Appel and bandmaster Christian Fredericks) worked was a ship's band for some or all of a voyage on board the Malta between Suez and Sydney.


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 December 1858), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7305545

WILLIAM SPOHR, or any person that knows him would greatly oblige his brother by addressing a few lines to Henry Spohr, 186 Crown-street, Sydney.

"MARRIAGES", Empire (12 May 1864), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60582602 


Bibliography and resources:

http://mariners.records.nsw.gov.au/1857/02/012syd.htm

http://mariners.records.nsw.gov.au/1860/05/031mal.htm





SPRINCKHORN, Johann

Tenor vocalist, choral conductor

Born Hamburg, 1811
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1855 (from Hamburg)
Died Melbourne, VIC, April 1873, aged 62

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Johann+Sprinckhorn+1811-1873 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Image: http://www.slv.vic.gov.au/pictoria/gid/slv-pic-aab36007/1/b49677


Summary:

By early 1862 and until at least late 1868, Sprinckhorn was a minor member of Lyster's opera company. In April 1863, he sang Rustighello in Lucrezia Borgia in Hobart. By early 1868 he was conductor of the Melbourner Deutsch Liedertafel. According to his obituary:

Herr Sprinckhorn ... as conductor of the Melbourne German Liedertafel and the Melbourne Turn Verein, has been so long and favourably known in this place. Mr. Sprinckhorn had been a resident of Melbourne since 1855, and was at one time connected with Mr. Lyster's Opera Company. He was a native of Hamburg, and at the time of his death, caused by inflammation of the lungs, was aged 62 years. His health had been rapidly failing of late, but the end came very suddenly. He was a man of very independent character, thoroughly upright and truthful in all his dealings, and has has left a large number of sorrowing friends behind him.


Documentation:

[News], The Argus (16 January 1863), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6482711

[Advertisement], The Mercury (22 April 1863), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8817143

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 September 1865), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41032687

"Wochenbericht ans Victoria", Süd Australische Zeitung (27 November 1867), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article83470599

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1868), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5810276

[News], The Argus (22 February 1868), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5790692

"HORSLEY AND KENDALL BENEFIT CONCERT", The Argus (29 August 1870), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5830197

"BEETHOVEN CENTENARY AT THE LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (16 December 1870), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5839523

"DEATHS", The Argus (10 April 1873), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5851643

[News], The Argus (10 April 1873), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5851673

"MUSIC", The Australian Sketcher (17 May 1873), 23

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60607075

"HAMILTON HUME, THE EXPLORER. THE LATE JOHANN SPRINCKHORN", The Australian Sketcher (17 May 1873), 27

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60607072





SPYER, Lawrence Joseph

Violinist, theatre-band musician, merchant

Born England, c.1807
Active Sydney, NSW, 1829-38
Married Angelina de METZ (1814-1883), Sydney, NSW, 30 December 1835
Died Toorak, VIC, 9 September 1881, aged 74


SPYER, Stephen Joseph (brother of the above)

Amateur violinist, merchant

Born England, 1811
Active NSW, by
Died London, England, 26 January 1878


Summary:

At the Sydney concert in September 1829, John Edwards and Spyer played "a duet for 2 violins by Rhode" [sic]. Presumably the merchant Lawrence Joseph Spyer (his brother Stephen Joseph Spyer was not based in Sydney until later), he was strictly an amateur, until his business partnership, Cohen and Spyer, became insolvent in May 1831. In mid-1835 he is mentioned, along with Cavendish and Clarke, as a highly paid theatre musician. Early in 1838 he played in Vincent Wallace's final Sydney oratorio. Spyer was a committee member of the Sydney Philharmonic Society in 1859.


Documentation:

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 September 1829), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2193445

"Wednesday's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (19 September 1829), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32072442

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (29 May 1830), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32073672

"SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Monitor (2 February 1831), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32074912

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 June 1835), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2198582

... Mrs. T. kept walking up and down by the foot lights for several minutes, beseeching one or other of our crack violin players to accompany her, but all in vain. Mr. Clarke's fiddle was mute, and Mr. Spyers's bow had, as we suppose, been soaped by some mischievous wight, "for the deuce a bow would either of them draw" ...

"To the editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 August 1835), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2199499

"Marriage", The Sydney Herald (31 December 1835), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28654545 

"SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 June 1837), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2211458

"THE ORATORIA", The Sydney Herald (5 February 1838), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12855321

"MUSICAL CLASS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1838), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2547876

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1859), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13024290 

SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY ... PRESIDENT, The Hon. J. H. Plunkett; VICE-PRESIDENT, The Hon. F. L. S. Merewether; COMMITTEE, J. Black, Mr. T. A. Boesen, E. Deane, J. Dyer; W. McDonell, L. Spyer, L. Rawack, J. Smith, jun., J. G. Waller, C. Younger: Honorary Treasurer: mr. W. H. Aldis. Conductor: Mr. John Deane ...

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 September 1881), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13495072

"Reminiscences. FIFTY YEARS AGO ... [c.1845] (By J. B. M) [John Benson Martin]", Australian Town and Country Journal (26 January 1895), 14

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71224980

The amusements of the Sydneyites were confined to small family parties; and a few fiddlers found steady employment by hiring out for the evening. Pianos were rarely heard, and Ellard's was the only music shop; but the daily playing of the military bands compensated for the deficiency. Ladies obtained their best music through the officers, and bandsmen earned a good deal by copying it. Mr. Thomas Stubbs, the great auctioneer, Signor Chiodetti, and Mr. Stanley taught among the best families, and for the encouragement of pupils musical parties were held occasionally, at which the brothers Spyer, the merchants, Germans, who were charming amateur violinists, used to assist.


Bibliography and resources:

Levi 2013, These are the names, 845-47





SQUARISE, Raffaelo (Signor SQUARISE; Raphael)

Musician, violinist, band master, orchestral conductor, composer

Born Vicenza, Italy, 13 November 1856
Active South Australia, by 1882
Departed Australia, 1889 (for New Zealand)
Died Roxburgh, NZ, 15 April 1945

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Raffaelo+Squarise (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Bibliography and resources:

Murray 2005

http://hdl.handle.net/10523/346 (DIGITISED)

https://ourarchive.otago.ac.nz/handle/10523/346 (DIGITISED)





SQUIRES, Henry

Tenor vocalist (primo tenore, Lyster's company)

Born Bennington, Vermont, USA, 7 May 1825 (son of Buckley Squires and Lucretia Norton)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Departed Sydney, NSW, July 1868
Married Lucy ESCOTT, May 1870
Died Burlington, Iowa, USA, 14 January 1907


See also his stage partner, from 1870:

Mrs. Henry SQUIRES = Lucy ESCOTT


THIS ENTRY IS A STUB


Documentation:

"PHILADELPHIA. Drese's National Theatre", Dwight's Music Journal (11 July 1857), 119

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=d6A_AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA119

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California (25 May 1859), 2

http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cdnc/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=DAC18590525.2.25.2&cl=CL2.1859.05

[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5698072

Fred Lyster, "How an opera company worked its passage", The New York Mirror: a reflex of the dramatic events of the week (23 December 1882), 1

http://fultonhistory.com (search for exact title)


Bibliography and resources:

Harold Love, "Henry Squires: an American tenor in Australia", The La Trobe Journal 16 (October 1975):  http://nishi.slv.vic.gov.au/latrobejournal/issue/latrobe-16/t1-g-t2.html





STAAB, Franz

Pianist, music teacher, composer

Died Melbourne, VIC, 7 September 1871, aged 35


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 August 1866), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5769880

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 March 1870), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5816331

[News], The Argus (3 August 1871), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5852596

The members of the musical profession in Melbourne have resolved to make a charitable effort on behalf of a brother in distress, in the person of Herr Staab, the well-known pianist, who, in consequence of continued illness, has been unable to attend to business, and is now both physically and financially in a very depressed state.

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 September 1871), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5854729

"THE STAAB BENEFIT CONCERT", The Argus (18 September 1871), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5855336

... Herr Staab's last composition, the Marche de Concert entitled "Germania," was played by fourteen hands, those of the gentlemen above-named and a musical amateur, whose skill was sufficient to warrant his mixing in such company ...

"VICTORIA", Launceston Examiner (23 September 1871), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39683870

Herr Staab, a professor of music of some standing in Melbourne, died there on 7th inst. Some idea of his musical talents may he formed from the fact that when the eminent pianist Thalberg was in New York, giving concerts, he selected Herr Staab to play, in conjunction with himself, concert pieces for two pianos, and we have warrant for stating that the opinion entertained by Thalberg of Herr Staab's ability was a very high one.


Musical Works (USA):

Banner of the free (1856)

http://levysheetmusic.mse.jhu.edu/collection/066/005 

The Chicago skating polka (1862)

http://levysheetmusic.mse.jhu.edu/collection/028/150 





STABEMANN, Mr. (? probably recte STAAB, as above)

Teacher of music

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1866


Documentation:

"WESLEY COLLEGE", The Telegraph (29 December 1866), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108122896





STACE, Robert A. (? Robert Austin STACE)

Vocal instructor, schoolmaster

Active Brisbane, Moreton Bay district, NSW (QLD), by 1850
? Died Sydney, NSW, August 1902, aged 85


Summary:

In Brisbane in July 1850, the Church of England schoolmaster, Robert Stace offered "OPEN SELECT ADULT CLASSES, for instruction in VOCAL MUSIC". In May 1851 he was unanimously elected "musical conductor" of the Moreton Bay Amateur Musical Society, of which W. A. Duncan was president.


Documentation:

[Unclaimed letters], The Moreton Bay Courier (12 May 1849), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3708637

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (6 July 1850), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3711108

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (27 July 1850), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3712825

EVENING MUSIC CLASSES; MR. STACE respectfully informs the residents of Brisbane and its vicinity, that be intends shortly to OPEN SELECT ADULT CLASSES, for instruction in VOCAL MUSIC, on a well tried and approved method, one by which the study is rendered extremely interesting, and the rapid progress of the pupil certain. For particulars, apply to Mr. Stace, at the School-house, North Brisbane.

"MORETON BAY AMATEUR MUSICAL SOCIETY", The Moreton Bay Courier (24 May 1851), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3709379

A GENERAL MEETING of the MEMBERS and SUBSCRIBERS to the above Society will be-held THIS EVENING, the 22nd inst., in the Lower Room, Court House, for the purpose of electing Officers, receiving entrance fees, and enrolling the names of persons wishing to join the Society. W. A. DUNCAN, Chairman. R. A. STACE, Brisbane, May 22,1851. Hon. Secretary.

"Death of Mr. R. A. Stace", Wellington Times (1 September 1902), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article138981712 





STAFF, Charles

Musicseller, music instrument dealer, accordeon and concertina maker

Born Norwich, 16 October 1823
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1863
Died Moreland, VIC, 29 June 1888, in his 67th year


STAFF, Isabel (Mrs. Daniel HOWITZ)

Soprano vocalist

Born Wigan, England, c.1851
Departed Melbourne, 11 February 1881 (per Sobraon)


Documentation:

UK 1861 census

Charles, accordion maker, Liverpool, wife Esther ... daughter Isabel aged 10 born Wigan Lancs. ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 September 1863), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5736395

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (3 August 1864), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5751229

Charles Staff, of Melbourne, musical instrument and ornamental wax-flower dealer. Causes of insolvency: Continued sickness in family, unremunerative employment, and pressure of creditors. Liabilities £446.2s.4d.; Assets, £28; deficiency, £418. 2s. 4d.

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Argus (24 June 1868), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5819865

"MELBOURNE", Mount Alexander Mail (2 August 1869), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article197313423 

... A visit to Mr. Staff's music shop to-day was one of much pleasure, as it gave me the opportunity of hearing some excellent music from one of the "model harmoniums" recently imported by that gentleman. These elegant instruments are fitted up with with barrels each with pieces of music on them. They can be changed at pleasure, each instrument being providod with four ... The instrument is the invention of M. Bussom, of Paris ...

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (9 September 1870), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5831325

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 December 1870), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5839856

"THE MESSIAH", The Argus (26 September 1870), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5839984

... For solo singers we had Mrs. Cutter, Mrs. D. Howitz (formerly Miss Staff), Mr. Exon, and Mr. Angus ... The pure soprano tones of Mrs. Howitz's young voice fell very gratefully upon the ear, and great applause greeted the following pieces sung by that lady, namely "Rejoice greatly" (this piece was not named in the programme), and "Come unto Him all ye that labour";" but her most successful effort was the air, "I know that my Redeemer liveth", for which the singer was also honoured with a recall. When Mrs. Howitz's declamatory powers shall be equal to the purity of her voice, she will be still more valuable in oratorio than she is even now.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1872), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5845234

"TOWN HALL RECITALS. TO THE EDITOR", The Age (24 August 1875), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article202172192 

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 June 1876), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5892917

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (18 August 1880), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5971640

"MRS. HOWITZ'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (7 February 1881), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5974286

"The Theatres", The Australian Sketcher (26 February 1881), 74

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60622356

"Deaths", The Argus (30 June 1888), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6136775

STAFF. - On the 29th inst., at the residence of his son, Ferngrove, Blair-street, Moreland, Charles Staff, in his 67th year, late of the Royal Arcade.


Associations: (Isabel) pupil of David Lee





STAFF, Eliza Sophia

School teacher, musician, organist, artist

Born Parramatta, NSW, 16 January 1831
Died Parramatta, NSW, 10 May 1854, in her 23rd year

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1485742 (NLA persistent identifier)


Documentation:

"NEEDLEWORK", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1846), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12888274

"PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1846), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12888353

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1848), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12903238

"VESTRY MEEETING of All Saints Church in the Parish of Marsfield, Parramatta", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1854), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12958677

... The Parishioners deserve much credit for having placed a powerful and splendid toned organ in the church. The value is somewhere about £200; it was opened on Sunday last by a celebrated performer, Mr. C. Packer, who has been appointed organist, to succeed Miss Staff, who resigned on account of ill health.

? "DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1854), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12955204


Bibliography and resources:

"Eliza Staff", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Eliza Staff  


Associations:

Succeeded as organist (All Saints, Marsfield) by Charles Sandys Packer 





STANHOPE, David

Composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, ? c.1860


Summary:

David Stanhope, of Melbourne, otherwise unknown, is credited with having written the music, and James Grassie the English words, of the Indigenous-based song Black-eyed Zitella sat weeping alone; the words only survive.


Documentation:

"BLACK EYED ZITELLA SAT WEEPING ALONE", Geelong Advertiser (15 March 1859), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article150076432 

George Thomas Lloyd, Thirty-three years in Tasmania and Victoria (London: Houlston and Wright, 1862), 463-64

https://archive.org/stream/thirtythreeyear00thomgoog#page/n487/mode/2up 

Richard Sadlier, The Aborigines of Australia (Sydney: Thomas Richards, government printer, 1883), 44

https://archive.org/stream/aboriginesofaust00sadl#page/44/mode/2up 





STANLEY, Emma

Vocalist, actor

Born London, England, 13 November 1823
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, April 1858 (from San Francisco)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 29 September 1859 (per Ocean Rover, for Calcutta)
Died London, England, 11 December 1881

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Emma+Stanley+d1881 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Documentation:

"ATLANTIC THEATRICALS", The Argus (7 November 1856), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7139655

"STAMMERS v. HUGHES and STANLEY", Reports of cases argued and determined in the English courts of common law [1856] (Philadelphia: T. & J. W. Johnson, 1857), 527

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=P0IwAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA527

"VICTORIA", Launceston Examiner (20 April 1858), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article38991400

"SHIPPING NEWS", The Courier (30 August 1858), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2463822

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (2 November 1858), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article49781816

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (17 November 1858), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article785522

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (2 December 1858), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article49781950

"CLEARANCES", Empire (30 September 1859), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60403927

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1860), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5678275

"DEATH OF EMMA STANLEY", Launceston Examiner (19 April 1882), 1s

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article38269873

We announced a little time back the death of this actress who, it will be remembered, visited Launceston some years ago, and the following further particulars taken from the London Era will be found interesting: - Emma Stanley died on December 11, at her residence at Bayswater, at the good old age of 63 years ... Devoting herself to the study of music and languages, in which great proficiency was ultimately attained, Miss Emma Stanley gave in 1850, at the Hanover square Rooms an entertainment after the style of the celebrated John Parry, in which her instrumental talent was shown on six dilfferent instruments, and songs were rendered in French, German, Italian, Spanish, Greek, and Russian. A much more successful experiment was made a few years later, when Mr. E. L. Blanchardt wrote for her the monologue entertainment called "The Seven Ages of Woman," introducing thirty-seven diftlrent changes of character and costume, and calling into requisition all her dramatic, lingual, and musical acquirements. This was first produced at St. Martin's Hall, Long-acre, in December, 1855, and was at once recognised as a success to be identified with the most wonderful feminine achievements on record. With this entertainment Miss Emma Stanley went in the autumn of the succeeding year to America, and thence to Australia, India, New Zealand, and the Sandwich Islands; returning four years afterwards to England, and reappearing in London, with her famous "Seven Ages of Woman" at the Egyptian Hall, October 22nd, 1860. A provincial tour followed;but soon after the death of her mother, who had been the companion of her adventurous travels through "distant lands," Miss Emma Stanley retired from public life.


Australian tour prints:

http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/16850264 

Willie, we have missed you ("written and composed by Stephen C. Foster; Favorite ballad, sung by Miss Emma Stanley in her entertainment of the Seven ages of woman") (Melbourne: McCulloch & Stewart, [1859])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/22642295 

Willie we have missed you ("written and composed by Stephen C. Foster, the popular ballad sung by Miss Emma Stanley in her musical entertainments") (Sydney: W. J. Johnson & Co., and Lewis Moss, [1859])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/21176571 

Niminy pym polka ("composed by J. B. Wheaton; Respectfully dedicated to Miss Emma Stanley") (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1859])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/44149889 

An American, J. B. Wheaton was Stanley's pianist and conductor on her Australian tour.

My ain dear Nell (a new Scottish ballad written and composed by A. Hume. "Sung by Miss Emma Stanley & Mrs. Hancock" (Melbourne: McCulloch & Stewart, [1860])


Bibliography and resources:

"Fleming, Miss", Dictionary of national biography (1885-1900), 19, 271

http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Fleming,_Miss_(DNB00)





STANLEY, John George

Amateur musician, violinist, brass band player, drover, memorist

Born UK, c.1834
Active Bathurst, NSW, by c.1853
Died Bathurst, NSW, 22 November 1913, aged 79


Documentation:

"UP AND DOWNS OF LIFE (By J. STANLEY)", National Advocate (14 June 1913), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article157814928 

Sydney entrepreneurs and others give Bathurst a bad name for not appreciating their scraggy Squalini's and raspy-voiced, worn-out tenors when they visit us on a professional tour. No wonder we want something better. We breed tenors and sopranos, and also successful performers on variety and dramatic lines. I have a list of forty-three local people, who are or were connected with the show business. First I will mention Kate Rooney of the glorious voice, almost equal to the renowned Melba, I was one of a seven-pound house to hear Mrs. Armstrong as she was when she paid her first visit to Bathurst. When she came again the house reached £206 with the same voice, but more experience. A few days ago another local star returned from England after a very successful visit. I mean Miss Olive Godwin, born at Bunnamagoo, near Rockley. I knew her father, Charlie Godwin, who was overseer for the late Tom Pye, and reared his family on Campbell's River. She rejoins the Williamson Opera Companies. From Rockley came Tom Bird, circus performer, rider, vaulter, acrobat; every turn he could take on at will ... Tom Bird went into partnership and formed Taylor and Bird's circus. I first knew Taylor in Burton's circus. He was a capital ring-master and ground juggler in every branch. He was a prominent Mason, high up in the fraternity, and the last I heard of him was that he had joined the Salvation Army, and was a consistent and conscientious member of that community. Another celebrity was a man from Rockley, who frequented the Haymarket and Brickfield Hill in Sydney. He had six toes on each foot and always went bare footed. He was the brother of a sporting publican in Bathurst who did very little to help his afflicted relative. Our own George MacDougal had the voice of an angel, alto as well as tenor, and I have heard him sing "Please Give Me a Penny" in C, which I never knew to be done, but by Rockfellow in Hussey's Minstrels; William Morgan, of Kelso, solicitor, had a beautiful tenor voice. Tom Hellyer, several times Mayor of Bathurst, was a fine baritone. Baker, "The Bard of Erin," was unequalled in Tom Moore's songs. Miss Fernandez (stage name), a native of Hill End, or rather Tambaroora, the niece of a well-known Bathurst citizen and official, was equally good with voice or mandolin. Annetta Bodin, singer and dancer, and a great favorite at the Tivoli, was born on the spot where "the Grand bar" now stands at the corner of William and Russell streets; she is now the wife of Frank York, comedian and corner man in minstrel troupes. Wallace, corner man of Clay's and other companies, is a Bathurst native. Tom Fanning, father of Charlie and Maude, a very fine violinist, was located here for years. I played second violin to him at the Governor's ball, held at what is now, the Club-House Hotel. The Wirth boys came from Wattle Flat. Wirth senior, with his boys band, took Busche's bass player from Bathurst and toured Queensland, striking Rockhampton at a land sale; the father, Johannes Wirth, picked up several allotments of land at nominal prices which afterwards were sold for fabulous amounts, and which I presume produced the capital to start Wirths' celebrated circus. The Fitzgerald boys were reared at the White Rock up the river. Dan was a saddler at Paul's. Jack and Tom were compositors at the "Times." The father afterwards kept the hotel now in the hands of Mr. Curran of George street. In Busche's band I was playing E flat trumpet, and one night Johannes Wirth stood behind me and found fault with my music score. I let him alter it and he greatly improved it. He was a slide trombone player and could play a hornpipe on that difficult instrument, and was the best I ever heard except Duprez, a colored player in the real Georgia Minstrels. The three Cooke brothers formed the "Iron Clad" Minstrels. One was a plasterer and lived in William-street below Willman's. The three Chittendens, father and two sons, played in the "Court Minstrels." They lived in Koppel-street and hung the first peal of bells in All Saints'. Whitmore, the solo cornet of the Artillery Band in Sydney, is a Bathurst boy from the corner of George and Howick streets. Dazzy Martin, baritone, is singing around Sydney suburbs. Tom Lunn sings in a North Sydney choir. Charlie Naylor could sing baritone or tenor; Swayne was a fine bass, and we have another still in Kenny. The two Kennas have splendid voices, one still with Williamson's Opera Companies; the other too much engaged in coining money at the Grand to sing now. Miss Polly Kenna was one of the best pianists I have ever heard outside the profession. Then the Buckingham family; playing under various names - one Jimmy Herman as violinist and alto singer, the father as Reeves the 'cellist. I forget the brother's name. A sister, wife of Mr. Baldwin, Hunter River squatter. Jimmy Herman, a very successful teacher of the violin in Sydney, has put his savings into several terraces of houses in good localities. One of the Palmer girls married Ashton of the circus, another married Jimmy Armstrong, circus clown. Their half brothers were John and W. Hurley, both M's.L.A., as I was listening to the German Band in George-St. Sydney, one day, the big drummer came and spoke to me and told me he had been cook at our Court House Hotel for a long time. He was a nephew of Spohr, the celebrated violin player and author of several musical works. The band master, Herr Appell, gave me some very fine dance music. When I saw him last he was playing in an American circus in Bourke-street, near Moore Park, Sydney. Among our ladies, Kate Coffey had a beautiful voice and was a wonder. The Stephens girls and Miss Mason were equal to any Colonial opera singers. Miss Hazeltine, from Mudgee, had a beautiful voice and a very taking style. Miss Martin was a rider in Jones's Circus. Mrs. Franklyn, of Peel-street, was an acrobat in La Rosiere's Circus. Madge Hope, the beautiful and emotional actress, was born in Howick-stret, at the Club House. I think I have said enough to show that from the success of our local talent we are quite capable of judging what is up to the mark or not in the class of performers the Sydney people try to foist on to us.

"Personal", National Advocate (24 November 1913), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article157819348 

Mr. John G. Stanley, an old and respected resident of Bathurst, died on Saturday at the age of 70 years. The deceased had been ailing for some time. An interesting narrative of his career will appear in to-morrow's issue

"LATE MR. STANLEY", National Advocate (25 November 1913), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article157804150 





STANLEY, William (1820-1902)


Go to main page:

http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/stanley-william.php 





STAPLETON, Joseph William

Pianoforte Maker, tuner, repairer, regulator

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 27 June 1821 (convict per Lady Ridley, from England 4 January)
Active VDL (TAS), 1822-27


Summary:

Found guilty of forgery and sentenced to death on 28 June 1820, aged 23, Stapleton was eventually transported for life in 1821, and awarded a free pardon in 1843. From 1822 until 1827 he advertised regularly in the Hobart press as a piano maker, tuner, and repairer, making him, apart from military bandsmen, one of the very first musical professionals on record working in Tasmania. One of his advertisements was reproduced in the press in 1897, with the explanation: "This advertisement in itself will be an education to those among us who proudly assert there was not a piano in Tasmania 50 years ago":

Music. - J. W. Stapleton, pianoforte maker, grateful for past favours, begs to acquaint the gentry of Tasmania that he still continues to clean, regulate, and repair the grand, square, and cabinet pianofortes at his residence, near the Post-office; and trusts from his experience, both in London and parts, to give that satisfaction which alone will ensure a continuance of their favours. J.W.S. respectfully recommends to the gentry the cleaning and regulating their pianofortes at least every six months, as that tends to improve the sound of the instrument. Violins, etc., repaired.


Documentation:

JOSEPH WILLIAM STAPLETON, Royal Offences / coining offences, 28th June 1820; Old Bailey On line

http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t18200628-61&div=t18200628-61

Convict records, Joseph William Stapleton; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1437150; CON31/1/38

http://search.archives.tas.gov.au/ImageViewer/image_viewer.htm?CON31-1-38,370,113,F,60 

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (13 July 1822), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1089731

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (30 September 1826), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8790266

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 September 1827), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2450882

"GOVERNMENT NOTICE ... Memoranda of Free Pardon", Colonial Times (3 October 1843), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8754053

"OLD TASMANIA. EDUCATIONAL ADVERTISEMENTS, CONTINUED", Launceston Examiner (3 July 1897), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39691323


Bibliography and resource:

http://portal.archives.tas.gov.au/menu.aspx?detail=1&type=C&id=67245

http://www.convictrecords.com.au/convicts/stapleton/joseph-william

http://www.convictrecords.com.au/convicts/stapleton/joseph-william/77194





STATES, Agatha (Madame)

Soprano vocalist

Arrived Sydney, 15 December 1871 (per Nevada, from California)
Departed Sydney, October 1872 (for New Zealand)
Died New York, 2 September 1874


THIS ENTRY IS A STUB


Documentation:

"ANOTHER OPERA COMPANY", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1871), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13249315

"MADAME STATES' FIRST CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1871), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13249987

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1872), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13264380

"GENERAL NEWS", Empire (16 October 1874), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60993517


Associations:

Toured with Paolo Giorza and Pietro Cecchi





STATHAM, George Alfred (Professor G. Alfred STATHAM)

Pianist, bell-ringer, composer

Active by March 1881
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 September 1886, aged 32 years


Documentation:

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (5 March 1881), 32

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article70953513

"AMUSEMENTS", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (9 May 1885), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article139070774

"The Lynch Family Bellringers", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (3 December 1885), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article98440131

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1886), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13633387

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1886), 24

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13633491

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1886), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13636019

THE funeral of professor G. A. Statham, of the Lynch Family Bellringers, on Saturday afternoon, was numerously attended. On the arrival of the cortege at Rookwood the pall-bearers were Messrs. Harry Lynch, W. W. Lynch, E. C. Crome, and H. E. Barnes, of the Lynch family, and A. E. Eva, the president of the "Imps" Society, an association with which the deceased was largely identified. Those gentlemen carried the remains of their late comrade to his last resting place. The Rev. Mr. Unwin, of St Phillip's, read the service with great effect, and at its conclusion some very beautiful wreaths were placed upon the coffin.

"SYDNEY", Goulburn Herald (14 September 1886), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article99904613

"The Theatres", Australian Town and Country Journal (18 September 1886), 10

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71067668

"In memoriam", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 September 1887), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13660910

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES", Melbourne Punch (6 September 1888), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article174593609 

In the death of Professor G. A. Statham, a few months ago [sic], we lost a grand pianist and a rapid and brilliant composer ...





STEELE, Samuel

Precentor

Active West Maitland, NSW, 1859


Documentation:

"STEELE V. ANDERSON", The Maitland Mercury (22 March 1859), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18642466

In this action. Samuel Steele was plaintiff, and Joshua Anderson was defendant. The declaration stated that the defendant had falsely and maliciously published against the plaintiff certain words, namely, that he was living in open adultery with another man's wife, and that he was keeping a woman, whereby the plaintiff lost his situation as precentor to the Free Presbyterian Church at West Maitland.





STEFFANI, Arturo

Bass (basso) vocalist

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Signor+Arturo+Steffani (TROVE public tag)


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 October 1877), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28396625





STEFFANI, Raffaele

Violinist, conductor

http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/result?l-publictag=Raffaele+Steffani (TROVE public tag)


Husband of Gabriella Boema





STENNER, Mr. G. (? George STENNER)

Organist, choirmaster (Macquarie Street Unitarian Chapel

STENNER, Miss

Soprano vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1860s


Documentation:

"RELIEF FUND", Empire (13 July 1864), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60556969 

On Monday evening a literary and musical entertainment, in aid of the fund for the relief of the sufferers by the late disastrous floods, was given in the Temperance Hall, Pitt-street, by the choir and several members and friends of tbe Unitarian Church, Macquarie-street ... The musical part of the evening's entertainment was under the management of Mr. G. Stenner, organist of the Macquarie-street chapel, and the various pieoes were very tastefully and effectively sung by the members of the choir, assisted by several friends belonging to the musical societies in this city. Two pieces especially, "Bid me discourse," sung by Miss Stenner, and "Lilly Bells," sung by Miss Barnes, were greatly admired, and called forth unanimous encores ...





STENT, Walter Joseph (W. J. STENT)

Musician, musicseller, banjo player

Born 1859/60
Died Guildford, NSW, 27 July 1930, aged 70


Documentation:

"Madame Summerhayes' Concert", The Cumberland Argus (6 August 1892), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article86264294

"MR. W. J. STENT'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1897), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14099014

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1930), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16663228

"MR. W. J. STENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1930), 20

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16692675

Mr. W. J. Stent, who died at his residence, Guildford, on Sunday evening, aged 70 years, was buried in the Rookwood Church of England Cemetery on Wednesday afternoon. He had been established in business In Sydney, in musical Instruments, from 1886 until five years ago, when ill-health compelled his retirement His first place of business was in Elizabeth street, and later he moved to Hunter-street During those years he was noteworthy for the number of concerts he promoted in Sydney Town Hall, St. James' Hall, and various suburban theatres and halls, in aid of charity.


Associations:

American Banjo Club, Bessie Campbell





STEPHEN, Alfred

Amateur musician, musical patron

Born St. Kitts, 20 August 1802
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 24 January 1825 (passenger on the Cumberland)
Died Sydney, NSW, 15 October 1894

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-614012 (NLA persistent identifier)


Alfred Stephen 1839 aet 37 (attributed to Thomas Wainewright) (SL-TAS)

Image: Alfred Stephen 1839 AET 37 Hobart Town Van Dieman's [sic] Land, attributed to Thomas Griffiths Wainewright

https://stors.tas.gov.au/TASIMAGES$init=AUTAS001124067729w800 (DIGITISED)


STEPHEN, Virginia (CONSETT; Mrs. Alfred STEPHEN)

Musical patron

Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 23 January 1837


STEPHEN, Eleanor Martha Pickard (BEDFORD; Mrs. Alfred STEPHEN; "Lady STEPHEN")

Musical patron, dedicatee

Born 1810
Married Alfred STEPHEN, Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 21 July 1838
Died Sydney, NSW, 12 July 1886


Summary:

Stephen returned to England on a visit from mid 1832, in time to witness "Paganini on his unearthly violin", the only time and place he could have done so, clearly not during his student days, though his acquaintance with Robert Lindley's cello playing may well date from the early 1820s. Stephen almost certainly met William Vincent Wallace in Hobart late in 1835, but since he did not move from Hobart to Sydney until after Wallace left Australia in February 1838, the recollections (1872, 1927) of his children learning from Wallace are probably incorrect; rather more likely from Spencer senior (like Alfred Cox) and/or from Spencer junior.

Eleanor Stephen was dedicatee of several musical works, as "Mrs. Stephens" [sic] of the No. 11 of Francis Ellard's National country dances for 1843, and as Lady Stephen, of George Peck and Henry Kendall's song Silent tears (1859), and Edward Boulanger's Nocturne de concert (1856).


Documentation:

Letter, Charles Darwin (Hobart, 14 February 1836), to Catherine Darwin (from Barlow 1945, 135-36)

http://darwin-online.org.uk/content/frameset?itemID=F1571&viewtype=image&pageseq=1 (modern edition online)

... All on board like this place better than Sydney - the uncultivated parts here have the same aspect as there; but from the climate being damper, the Gardens, full of luxuriant vegetables, & fine corn fields, delightfully resemble England.

To a person not particularly attached to any particular kind, (such as literary, scientific &c.) of society, & bringing out his family, it is a most admirable place of emigration. With care & a very small capital, he is sure soon to gain a competence, & may if he likes, die Wealthy. - No doubt in New S. Wales, a man will sooner be possessed of an income of thousands per annum. But I do not think he would be a gainer in comfort. There is a better class of Society. Here there are no Convicts driving in their carriages, & revelling in Wealth. - Really the system of emigration is excellent for poor Gentlemen. You would be astonished to know what pleasant society there is here. I dined yesterday at the Attorneys General, where, amongst a small party of his most intimate friends, he got up an excellent concert of first rate Italian Music. The house large, beautifully furnished; dinner most elegant, with respectable! (although of course all Convicts) Servants. - A short time before, they gave a fancy Ball, at which 113 people were present. - At another very pleasant house, where I dined, they told me, at their last dancing party, 96 was the number ...

"WILLIAM VINCENT WALLACE, THE EMINENT COMPOSER", Empire (4 December 1872), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60868814

Whilst in Sydney, Wallace gave instruction on the pianoforte, in families of the highest distinction, who were anxious to avail themselves of his talents, amongst them were the ladies of Sir Alfred Stephen's family, Judge Josephson, Lady Mitchell, the sister of Sir William Macarthur, Lady Parker, and many others.

Stephen 1891, quoted in Rutledge, ADB

http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/stephen-sir-alfred-1291

Paganini on his unearthly violin, and Lindley on the violincello, were a delight to me.

"VINCENT WALLACE STATUE. Composer's Adventures. Years in Early Australia", The Argus (24 February 1927), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3839785

In New South Wales Wallace composed the greater part of Maritana. He was tutor for a time to the families of Sir Alfred Stephen and Judge Josephson.


Bibliography and resources:

Nora Barlow (ed.), Charles Darwin and the voyage of the Beagle (London: Pilot Press, 1945), at Darwin online

Martha Rutledge, "Stephen, Alfred (1802-1894)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1979)

http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/stephen-sir-alfred-1291

"Stephen, Virginia (1803-1837)", Obituaries Australia

http://oa.anu.edu.au/obituary/stephen-virginia-15608 

"Stephen, Lady Eleanor Martha (1810-1886)", Obituaries Australia

http://oa.anu.edu.au/obituary/stephen-lady-eleanor-martha-1309 


Works:

Alfred Stephen, Jottings from memory: first portion, 1802 to 1818, birth and school boy days; with some account of his people, and life in the West Indies; second portion 1818 to 1824: student-days and call to the bar by an Australian great grandfather (Sydney: [for the author], 1888, 1891)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/24901122



STEPHENS, J. H.

Music class leader

Active Newtown, NSW, 1859


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1859), 10

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13033427

THE NEWTOWN SINGING CLASS, conducted by Mr. J. H. STEPHENS, meets every TUESDAY, at half-past seven in the evening, at the Baptist Chapel, Missenden Road, Newtown, for the practice of devotional psalmody. Any persons wishing to become members may do so on application to the secretary, EDWARD SANDERS.





STEPHENS, Thomas

Bandsman (Band of H.M.S. Galatea)

Active Australia, 1869


Documentation:

"DESERTERS FROM H.M.S.S. GALATEA", The Cornwall Chronicle (13 March 1869), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66461672

There have been several desertions, it appears, from H.M.S.S. Galatea. On the 25th and 26th ult., as we learn from the Victoria Police Gazette, there were six deserters [including] Thos. Stephens, bandsman, aged twenty-six, 5ft. 8in. high, black hair, grey eyes.





STEVENS, Mr.

Choral trainer, leader of the singing (Sydney Congregational Chapel)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1851; ? Hobart, TAS, 1855


Summary:

Mr. Stevens, leader of the singing at the Sydney Congregational Chapel in 1851, was also associated with Arthur Gravely, and the "SINGING FOR THE MILLION ... People's Singing Classes for the practice of Devotional Psalmody".


Documentation:

"THE PEOPLE'S SINGING CLASS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1851), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12924007

[Letter] "To the Editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1851), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12924005

"SINGING FOR THE MILLIONS. To the Editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 April 1851), 4s

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12926395

"SINGING FOR THE MILLIONS. To the Editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1851), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12926476

"BALMAIN SINGING CLASS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1851), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12926869

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1851), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12927590

"TASMANIA", The Argus (18 January 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4803269





STEVENS, John M.

Musician, pianist, music teacher, composer (pupil of Charles Sandys Packer)

Born Sydney, NSW, 31 August 1861
Died London, England, November 1916

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=John+M+Stevens+1861-1916 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


STEVENS, Cecile

Violinist, film actor

Born Sydney, NSW, 1896


Documentation:

"BIRTHS", Empire (5 September 1861), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60481909

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1876), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13382084

[News], The Argus (31 May 1877), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5923914

"CHURCH OF ST. CHARLES, WAVERLEY", Evening News (9 August 1879), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article107163178

"THE FRANCISCANS AT WAVERLEY", Freeman's Journal (11 October 1879), 15

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article110562631

"Christmas Day", Evening News (26 December 1879), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article107166034

... The usual "Adeste" was sung; but in place of the "Benedictus," a simple, though charming "O Salutaris," composed by John M. Stevens, was very well rendered by Miss J. Goodridge.

[Advertisement], Evening News (10 January 1880), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108735340

JOHN M. STEVENS (late pupil to Mr. Charles Packer), Teacher of Music, Stanley-ter., Harris St., Ultimo.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1884), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13581434

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1884), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28365540

[Advertisement], Evening News (7 January 1885), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111171927

"Fatality in the Domain. ACCIDENTAL DEATH", Evening News (11 June 1886), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article107289202

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 June 1889), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13737361

"NEW MUSIC", The Brisbane Courier (23 December 1889), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3505618

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1891), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13821599

"Births", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1891), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13780800

"PERSONAL", The West Australian (5 October 1914), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28569843

"PERSONAL PARS", The Cumberland Argus (18 November 1916), 12

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article86079902

Word has been received by cable, of the death in London of Mr. John M. Stevens, whose accomplished and handsome daughters were educated at the Parramatta convent. Miss Cecile Stevens, one of the daughters, was a talented violinist, and it was to let her take advantage of a scholarship at the Royal Academy of Music that Mr. Stevens voyaged to London.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1922), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15979127

"DE LUXE STAR PLAYS FOR RADIO", The Music Trade Review (15 July 1922), 23

http://mtr.arcade-museum.com/MTR-1922-75-3/MTR-1922-75-3-23.pdf

Miss Cecile Ann Stevens, one of the cleverest of Australia's younger violin artistes, is returning to America next month after a stay of rather over a year on this side ... Miss Stevens is now going direct to Los Angeles for the preparation of a film entitled, "The Story of an Old Violin," in which she will be the central figure. The violin in question was the property of her father, the late John M. Stevens, of this city, the composer of various songs and a "Requiem," to whom it was bequeathed by a French musician as a genuine "Nicolo Amati" (Cremona, 1596-1684). Miss Stevens took the instrument to the Royal Academy, where it was examined by various connoisseurs with approval, and finally was pronounced genuine by Hill and Sons, of New Bond-street, who declared It worth more than it thousand pounds.


Works include:

The Sydney Polka mazurka (Composed by Master John Stevens, at the age of fourteen) (Sydney: [s.n.], [1876])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/6910449 

The Bulwara waltzes ("Respectfully dedicated to His Worship, the Mayor of Sydney (John Harris, Esq. M.L.A.) and Mayoress, "Bulwara", Ultimo; as played by the City Band at the Citizens' Complimentary Ball, August 16th, 1883)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/42445305 

The Sir Joseph Banks polka ("Respectfully dedicated to Mr & Mrs. Frank Smith 'Sir Joseph Banks' [Hotel], Botany") (Sydney: W. Akhurst & Co., [1884])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/15033130 

Good bye (song; words by Phillip D. Lorimer; music by John M. Stevens) ([Sydney]: W. Akhurst, [1889])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/39971033 


Note:

Cecile Stevens and her sister Leonetti Stevens starred as themselves in the 1940 US film Broken strings





STEVENSON, Miss

Music teacher, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1861, until ? 1868


Summary:

"Mrs. and Miss Stevenson" ran a girls school in Sydney from 1861, Miss Stevenson also offering private tuition in music. Her Electra galop ("dedicated to the Belles of Sydney"), published by Elvy and Co., in April 1864, was reviewed by the Herald (the advertisement, apparently incorrectly, gives the title as the "Election galop").


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1861), 10

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13063934

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1864), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13084571 

"THE ELECTRA GALOP", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1864), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article30939244

? "CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1868), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28422092





STEVENSON, Sara A.

Teacher of music and languages

Died Moonee Ponds, VIC, 11 March 1917


Documentation:

"Crossed the Bar", Weekly Times (17 March 1917), 24

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article121150542

By the death on March 11 of Mrs Sara A. Stevenson, at a private hospital in Moonee Ponds, another old colonist is removed. She was 84 years of age. Mrs. Stevenson, who was the relic of Mr. William Stevenson, of Clifton House, Kew, and Gippsland, was at one time teacher of music and languages in the family of the late Mr. Joseph Chamberlain. She arrived in Melbourne in 1858. Two sons survive her.





STEWART, Eliza (Miss Eliza STEWART; Miss E. STEWART; Miss STEWART)

Vocalist ("the celebrated mezzo-soprano")

Active Melbourne, VIC, by December 1854; until 1857


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Age (16 December 1854), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154850842 

ASTLEY'S, SATURDAY. WINTERBOTTOM'S SERIES OF CONCERTS on SATURDAY, December 16th, 1854 ... PROGRAMME ... Song, "Ida", Miss Eliza Stewart - Lindley; Symphony - "Surprise" - Haydn ... Song - "Sweetly o'er my senses stealing", Miss E. Stewart - Zingarelli ...

[Advertisement], The Star (22 September 1855), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66038937

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1856), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12983666 

THE DOMAIN. THIS EVENING, (MONDAY) the 25th instant (by the kind permission of his Excellency the Governor-General) ... the LAST GRAND ENTERTAINMENT in the DOMAIN that can possibly take place ... Among other attractions ... HERR VIET RAHM, the renowned Tyrolean singer, will, in conjunction with Miss ELIZA STEWART, the celebrated vocalist, have the honour of making their first and only appearance ... (In course of the evening the following Vocal Music will be performed.)
Song - Herr Veit Rahm - The Postilion (by desire)
Duet - Herr Veit Rahm and Miss Eliza Stewart - The Nightingale.
Song - Miss E. Stewart - I'm a merry Zingari.
Song - Miss E. Stewart - I'm a winsome wee thing.
Song - Herr Rahm - My Fatherland.
Grand Chorus - Tramp - Sir Henry Bishop.
Grand Chorus - Let us be happy - Balfe.

"FETE IN THE DOMAIN", Empire (26 February 1856), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60174321 

The grand entertainment, so long advertised, came off in the Domain, last evening, and drew together a large concourse of people. The attendance was as numerous, if not considerably more so, than on any previous occasion, there being about five thousand persons present. Everything was favourable:- the night was beautifully fine, which was a great inducement for the promenade - and the programme promised much; but, as usual, a fatal something unexpectedly interposed to prevent the fulfilment of its promises. There were three bands of music present the Military, the German, and the Hungarian - all of which performed their allotted parts to the entire satisfaction of the vast multitude assembled - judging from the plaudits that followed the conclusion of some of the favourite selections. The vocal performance there was but one - was a decided failure, open air agreeing with neither the ability nor the compass of Herr Veit Rahm, whatever that gentleman's abilities may be otherwise. An apology was made for Miss Eliza Stewart and the "grand chorus of thirty performers," the non-appearance of the former being excused on the plea of illness. There was considerable hubbub created by the announcement of this fact, and in the crush that ensued many persons crowded on one of the platforms erected for the accommodation of the musicians; the interference of the police, however, soon put matters right. The exhibition of fireworks was certainly gorgeous ...

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (8 March 1856), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article62048181 

Royal Victoria Theatre, Saturday, March 8, 1856. Herr Veit Rahm AND Miss Eliza Stewart ... Miss Eliza Stewart, the celebrated Vocalist and Pianist, from the London Concerts and Theatre Royal, Melbourne, and the most powerful company in the colony, at White's, Royal Victoria Theatre, on Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday Evenings ...

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (7 May 1856), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article62052322 

"THE CONCERTS AT THE JOHN O'GROAT HOTEL", The Star (18 July 1857), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66043246

"STAR CONCERT HALL", The Star (27 July 1857), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66043388

"COUNTY COURT", The Star (5 October 1857), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66044556 

? "PLEASANT CREEK", The Age (10 December 1857), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154835687 

... Miss Stewart, late of Mr. O'Reilly's company, is now singing at the Royal George Concert Room, and is being well received ...


Associations:

Veit Rahm

John Winterbottom





STEWART, Richard (alias of Richard Stewart TOWZEY)

Actor, vocalist, theatrical manager


STEWART, Theodosia (Miss YATES, Mrs. STIRLING; Mrs. GUERIN; Mrs. Richard STEWART)

Vocalist, actor

STEWART, Docy (Docy GUERIN)

STEWART, Maggie (Mary GUERIN)

See Guerin family



STEWART, Nellie (Eleanor STEWART TOWZEY; Eleanor ROW)

Vocalist, actor

Born Woolloomooloo, NSW, 20 November 1858
Died Sydney, NSW, 21 June 1931

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-745053 (NLA persistent identifier)


THIS ENTRY IS A STUB


Associations:

Daughter of Richard STEWART and Theodosia GUERIN





STEWART, Robert

Amateur poet, lyricist, songwriter, lawyer

Born ? Scotland, c. 1806
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 31 August 1833 (passenger on the brig Children, from London, 20 April)
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 20 June 1849, aged 43 years

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Robert+Stewart+d1849 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:

Stewart and his wife and two children arrived in Sydney in August 1833. Having served as a NSW police magistrate since and chairman of the Court of Quarter Sessions, Stewart had moved to Hobart by early in 1838 where he applied to the Supreme Court for admittance as a barrister.

Robert Stewart wrote the words of at least two songs. An early version of the words of Echo's song first appeared anonymously in The Australian (20 March 1835) and was later set by William Vincent Wallace (1837), and dedicated to Wallace's Hobart "friend" and cousin Maria Logan. Then in 1839, Logan herself set another of Stewart's lyrics, The vow that's breathed in solitude. Her song was published in April, but no copy has been identified.


Documentation:

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (2 September 1833), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12847624 

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (12 September 1833), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12847696 

[Advertisement], The Australian (4 October 1833), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article42006125 

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 November 1833), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2214775 

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 November 1834), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2217560 

The newly appointed third Police Magistrate, Robert Stewart, Esq., took his seat on the Sydney Magisterial Bench on Saturday last. Mr. S. bids fair to prove a valuable acquisition to our Sydney Bench of Justices; and during the severe loss (which we trust will be but temporary) occasioned by Mr. Windeyer's illness, through recent and severe domestic affliction, his accession may be hailed as a public benefit.

[News], The Colonist (2 February 1837), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31719000

A piece of colonial music was ushered into existence yesterday. It is entitled, Echo's Song - the words by Mr. R. Stewart, and the music by Mr. W. Wallace; it is simple and pretty.

"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (2 February 1837), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12861416 

We have received from Messrs. Austin and Co., a new musical production called the "Echo Song; the words by George [sic] Stewart, Esq., composed and dedicated to his friend Mrs Logan, of Hobart Town, by William Wallace, late leader of the Anacreontic Society, Dublin." We have not had leisure to look into the merits of the publication - the name of William Wallace, however, is a sufficient recommendation to the musical folks of Sydney.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (3 February 1837), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32154767 

We have been favoured by the publisher with a copy of a new piece of music, styled "THE ECHO'S SONG - the words by R. Stewart, Esq., the music by Mr. W. Wallace. We shall take an early opportunity of obtaining the opinion of some of our fair friends on its beauties. It is rather out of our line.

"SYDNEY NEWS", The Hobart Town Courier (17 February 1837), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4173144

Mr. Wallace, and our old townsmen, J. P. Deane, gave a concert on the 2nd instant, which was very numerously attended: the whole of the performances gave the most entire satisfaction. Mr. Wallace, whom many of our readers may recollect, during his short sojourn here; has composed a song, called the "Echo Song," the words by Mr. R. Stewart. The Colonist styles it "simple and pretty."

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (23 February 1838), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4166861 

NOTICE is hereby given that I, Robert Stewart, late Chairman of the Courts of Quarter Sessions for the Colony of New South Wales, and now residing in Macquarie street, Hobart town, in Van Diemen's Land, Gentleman, one &c, do intend to apply to the Honorable the Supreme Court of Van Diemen's Land, on the last day of the first term in the present year to be admitted a Barrister, Attorney, Solicitor and Proctor of the said Supreme Court Dated this 2nd day of February 1838. Robert Stewart.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (26 April 1839), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4158722

A song, entitled "The vow that's breathed in solitude" - the words by Mr. Stewart - the music arranged by Mrs. Logan - has been forwarded to us, and, according to our judgment, affords a very creditable specimen of "immortal music married unto verse." This is the first Van Diemen's Land melody it has been our fortune to encounter, and is well worthy of being hailed by all the lovers of song and of Tasmania, with all the gladness and rejoicing of a new birth.

Also: Hobart Town Advertiser (10 May 1839):

We must not pass lightly by the music of Mrs. Logan, a lady who has the merit of being the first musical compositor in the colony.

[Editorial], The Hobart Town Courier (17 April 1840), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8748254

We are not blessed with hurdy-gurdies or barrel-organs in this hemisphere, but claim some exemption from the tomb of oblivion, in an occasional offering to the muses, which passes through the colony with the swiftness of the Highland fire-brand, visiting the mansion and the cottage, and thereby indicating a taste for the "tender and true". We allude more particularly to The vow that's breathed in solitude

"DIED", Colonial Times (22 June 1849), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8765169 

DIED, At his residence in Collins-street, on the 20th instant, after a long and painful illness, Robert Stewart, Esq., Barrister at Law, aged 43 years.


Extant lyrics:

"Original Poetry: ECHO'S SONG", The Australian (20 March 1835), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article42009740 

Echo's Song. The Words by Robert Stewart, Esq[ui]re. Composed and dedicated to his friend, Mrs. C. Logan of Hobart Town by Will[ia]m Wallace, Late Leader of "The Anacreontic Society Dublin" (Sydney: Printed by J. G. Austin and Co., [1837])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/29359497 





STIER, Charles William Ferdinand (Mr. C. W. F. STIER)

Master of the band of the 11th Regiment, professor of music, composer, first conductor of the Sydney Philharmonic Society

Born Königswinter, Germany, 1 February 1818
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1845 (with regiment)
Married Margaret Letitia Simpson, Launceston, TAS, 12 July 1857
Departed Sydney, NSW 20 October 1859 (per Dawsonia, for London)
Died King William's Town, East Cape, South Africa, 16 June 1890

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1501074 (NLA persistent identifier)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Charles+William+Ferdinand+Stier (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+11th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 11th Regiment


Summary:

Stier presumably arrived first in Sydney and then in Hobart in 1845 with his regiment and band. Two bands, Duly's of the 51st, and Stier's 11th played at the Hobart regatta in December, as the Courier differentiated them: "the fine band of the 51st, and the more novel band of the 11th, with newer music, and a different style of excellence."

As a result of disciplinary difficulties with the 99th regiment in NSW, in the News Year the 11th band was back in Sydney, where it played at the public Anniversary dinner in January at the City Theatre. They remained in NSW for the rest of the year, then returned to Tasmania early in 1847.

At Launceston in mid-1848, the press reported:

We understand that a vocal and instrumental concert, will be given by Mr. William Stier, under the patronage of Colonel Bloomfield. The selection of music for the evening, will be from the most eminent English and Continental composers, together with Mr. Stier's own compositions, with which be has delighted the public of Launceston at various times and which have been so highly approved of. Mr. Stier is a native of the kingdom of Hanover, where he finished his musical education under the most eminent composers of the present day.

The programme included the Overture to Euryanthe (Weber) and "Part of the 7th Symphony by Beethoven" (the earliest documented performance of any part of a Beethoven symphony in Australia), as well as an "Overture, by W. Stier" and "Rondeau militaire, by W. Stier".

Stier and the band were back in Sydney, permanently, by 1 November, when they played for the Gautrots' concert (an "Overture, composed by Mr. STEER, bandmaster of H. M. 11th Regiment", again on the program). A few days later, Mrs. W. Stier was reported to have given birth to "a daughter, still-born".

In November 1851, Henry Marsh advertised the impending publication "for the author" of three works by Stier, the Merry Old England quadrilles ("Arranged, and in part composed, for His Excellency the Governor-General's Costume Ball"; contents: 1 Whilst with village maids I stray; 2 Sweet Anne Page; 3 I've kissed and I've prattled; 4 When the rosy morn appearing; 5 'Twas merry in the hall), actually published by Woolcott and Clarke, and the two others published by Marsh, Fitz Roy schottische ("Composed for the same occasion [the Governor-General's Costume Ball], and dedicated to the Honorable Mrs. Keith Stewart"), and The native flower polka ("Dedicated to the Ladies of New South Wales"). In its report of the costume ball, on 29 October, the Herald noted:

the excellence of the orchestral arrangements, which (including the stringed instruments) were carried out, in their usual style, by the band of H.M. 11th Regiment.

In August 1852, Henry Marsh dedicated his topical Nugget schottische (no copy identified) "to his friend C. W. F. Stier".

In January 1853, Stier began advertising "Lessons in Music" (later specifically "on the Pianoforte, Flute, and Violin, also in Harmony and Composition" and as an "importer" of music and instruments) and in April 1854 he was named as "Conductor" of Eugene Paris's newly-formed Sydney Philharmonic Society:

The object of the Society is the practice and cultivation of the most approved vocal and instrumental music, and is based on the principles of the London Philharmonic Society, and other amateur musical societies in England.

At their first concert in December 1854 (at which Miska Hauser and Frederick Ellard appeared), the Empire commented of the band:

... it would not be fair to test their performances by the strict rules of criticism. We are, however, convinced that such a body of instrumentalists could not be supplied from the ranks of the profession in Sydney.

At the society's concert in 28 August (assisted by Sara Flower, Edward Boulager playing Beethoven's "Pathetique" Sonata, and Henri Herwyn; Catherine Hayes was indisposed), Stier conducted the band in the first two movements of "Haydn's famous Symphony No. 8" [ie. No. 100] and "Beethoven's magnificent overture to the Men of Prometheus".

Having speculated unwisely in property, Stier was insolvent in mid-1857, though a charge of "fraudulent insolvency" was withdrawn, on the non-appearance of the prosecutor, in November.

John Deane, previously leader under Stier, assumed full conductorship of the Philharmonic Society around this time.

Stier was advertising again regularly as a teacher by mid 1858. That year, too, at W. H. Paling's concert for the Indian Mutiny Relief Fund in April, there was a "Grand March, by Mr. Stier, late bandmaster of H.M. 11th Regiment", possibly the same work that he published in July as The Warrior's Lament ("March composed for pianoforte by C. W. F. Stier"; no copy identified). According to Bell's Life:

We know not whether it was contemplated by the author to illustrate the mourning of the British soldiery over the scene of the appalling Cawnpore butchery; but if so, the plaintive strains of his composition fully embody the idea.

Stier was naturalised as British subject in 1854, and had resigned his post as bandmaster of the 11th before the regiment left Australia in 1857. In October 1859, however, he and his family also left for England.


Documentation:

"THE REGATTA", The Courier (6 December 1845), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2946722

"THE ANNIVERSARY DINNER", Morning Chronicle (31 January 1846), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31747260

"GRAND CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 June 1848), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65980937

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (15 July 1848), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65978707

[Advertisement], The Launceston Examiner (15 July 1848), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36255165

"The Concert on Monday ...", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 July 1848), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65979669

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1848), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12911150

"COSTUME BALL AT GOVERNMENT HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1851), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12931768

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 November 1848), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12913357

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1851), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12931874

[Advertisement], Empire (14 January 1853), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60137534

[Advertisement], Empire (20 April 1854), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60151372

"CONCERT OF THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (28 December 1854), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60201887

[Advertisement], Empire (26 May 1855), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60177527

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1855), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12973399

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12973471

[Advertisement], Empire (29 September 1855), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60165671

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1855), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12982519

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 November 1856), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12989008

[Advertisement], Empire (12 January 1857), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60274599

[Advertisement], Empire (21 February 1857), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60274996

"INSOLVENT COURT", Empire (21 August 1857), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64983937

"INSOLVENT COURT", Empire (4 November 1857), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60265399

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 April 1858), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12931874

"NEW MUSIC", Bell's Life in Sydney (10 July 1858), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59868944

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 July 1858), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13022313

"NATURALIZED ALIENS", Journal of the Legislative Council of New South Wales (5 October 1858), 5 (271)

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=WyVLAQAAIAAJ&pg=RA1-PA271

"DEPARTURES FOR ENGLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1859), 9

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13033126

"FOLKESTONE, SANDGATE, HYTHE, AND SHORNCLIFFE REGATTA", Morning Post [England] (27 August 1862), 6

FOLKESTONE, Tuesday Evening ... This day [26 August]... For the amusement of the visitors the band of the 78th Highlanders, under the direction of Mr. J. Smalley, band-master, was stationed here, while the band of the 54th Regiment, under the direction of Mr. H. Brosang, band-master, played on the Pavilion-lawn, and the band of the 96th Regiment, under the direction of Mr. C. W. F. Stier, delighted the visitors on the beach, by discoursing most excellent music throughout the day ...

"GRAND MILITARY CONCERT", Kentish Gazette [England] (7 October 1862), 6

lt had been arranged, by the munificence of Mons. Doridant, the spirited proprietor of the Royal Pavilion Hotel, aided the splendid bands of the 78th Highlanders, under the conductorship of Mr. Smalley, of the 84th Regiment, under Mr. Brosing, and of the 96th, under Mr. Stier, to give a grand military concert on Thursday afternoon for the benefit of the distressed Lancashire operatives. The weather, however, was unpropitious; and, although large nambers attended, it was imperative, owing to a severe shower, to postpone it till Friday. Accordingly at half past two o'clock on Fridty afternoon, the beautiful grounds were well filled with a fashionable and brilliant audience ... The following programme was performed, to the delight of all present: Overture - "Guillaume Tell, Rossini; Valse - "First Love," Farmer; Selection - "Puritan's Daughter," Balfe; Quadrille - "Bonnie Dundee," D'Albert; Overture - "Zampa," Herold; Valse - "Satanella," Laurent; Selection - "Lilly of Killarney," Benedict; Quadrille - "Old English," Jullien; Overture - "Masaniello," Auber; Selection - "Lucretia Borgia," Donizetti; Mazurka - "The Sunny South," Stier; Quadrille - "St. Patrick," Laurent; Galop - "Archery," Brosang. "God Save the Queen." Mr. Smalley, who had a special request to conduct the finale, "God save the Queen," which was given in a spirited and splendid style, was warmly received, and the whole concert proved a perfect success, producing for the funds of the society about £70.

"HISTORY OF THE HOBART BANDS", The Mercury (30 August 1917), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1085868





STIRLING, Mrs.

Soprano vocalist

See Theodosia GUERIN





STIRLING, Ellen (Miss MANGLES; Lady James STIRLING)

Amateur musician, hostess, patron

Born Stoke, Guildford, England, 4 September 1807
Arrived Garden Island, Swan River Colony (WA), 31 May 1829 (on the Parmelia, from England 24 January)
Departed WA, 1839
Died Stoke, England, 8 June 1874


Summary:

Ellen Stirling is reported to have been musical. As wife of the governor, she was hostess of the first ball held in Perth, on 3 September 1831, as described by Hanson 1833 and Moore 1884. Moore also describes later balls (see below).


Documentation:

"COLONEL HANSON'S PAMPHLET", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (19 January 1833), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article642258 

I attended the second or third market day after my arrival at Perth, and bought fine fresh butter for 4 s. 6d. a pound-potatoes for 9d. and vegetables at the same scale of price. In short during my stay there for two months, I neither heard or dreamt of any want, and I will appeal to those friends who occasionally breakfasted with me, whether I had not on my table as excellent a meal as they would wish to sit down to, I cannot speak of my Dinners, as my friends were too hospitable, ever to permit of my dining at home. Whilst writing on the subject of supplies, I could wish that you had seen an entertainment, given by the Governor, to the Ladies and Gentlemen of the colony. I think you would have acknowledged, that the whole affair would have done credit to any part of the world. We quadrilled and waltzed until midnight, sat down to a sumptuous supper laid out for a hundred and fifty people, returned to the dance, enlivened by Champagne, and separated only, when the rising Sun began to smile upon our Orgies.


Bibliography and resources:

Moore 1884, 311, 312, 350, 351,

https://archive.org/stream/diaryoftenyearse00mooriala#page/311/mode/2up 

[May-June 1837] There is to be a ball in commemoration of the establishment of the colony on Thursday next, the 1st June; and, in the day time, rustic games, races, soaped tails, &c ... [312] ... In the evening there was a subscription ball, at which there were 80 people and upwards.

https://archive.org/stream/diaryoftenyearse00mooriala#page/350/mode/2up 

[350] [1838] June 3rd. - There was a ball on Friday night in Perth. I was up almost all night, so that accounts for the sleepiness ... [351] There is to be a ball on Monday night given by the naval and military men here - "a United Service ball." I shall have to go down to it, for one has no option in these matters, for fear of giving offence. June 4th - The United Service ball was a splendid one. The rooms were decorated with the ship's flags, which had a fine appearance. The company did not come away till near six o'clock in the morning.

https://archive.org/stream/diaryoftenyearse00mooriala#page/368/mode/2up 

(368) [November 1838] The Governor is to give a parting ball at Government House on Thursday night, when I trust it will be cooler weather than it is just now ... On the 20th the Governor and Lady Stirling gave a farewell ball to almost everybody. Dancing was kept up literally till breakfast time next day ... [372] [January 1839] There were great doings in Fremantle on Friday - a dejeuner and a ball in honour of Sir James and Lady Stirling.

"Lady Ellen Stirling 1807 - 1874", National Portrait Gallery, Canberra

https://www.portrait.gov.au/people/ellen-stirling-1807 





STOCKMEYER, Herr A.

Pianist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 17 July 1860 (per Magdalena, from Hamburg, 10 April)
Active Melbourne, VIC, until 1868


Documentation:

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (19 July 1860), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5686384

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 February 1861), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5697394

[News], The Argus (16 January 1863), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6482711

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 October 1863), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5737891

[News], Wellington Independent (19 November 1864), 3

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/WI18641119.2.18 

The members of Lyster's Opera Company, who arrived per s.s. Queen, from Wellington, on Wednesday, were: - Messrs Springthorne [Spinckhorn], Nathanson, Stockmeyer, Ramsden, and Mrs. King, Mrs. Andrews, and Miss Watson. The other members of the troupe are still performing in Wellington, but will be here by the opening night, on the 15th inst. The artists, as well as the carpenters, are busy at work at the Prince of Wales preparing for the reception of this talented company.

[News], The Argus (22 February 1868), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5790692

? "Miss Meta Buring ...", The Register (4 March 1901), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56070068





STODART, Robert

Amateur violinist, publican

Born ? Dunsyre, Lanarkshire, Scotland, 21 March 1796
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 22 September 1822 (per Minerva from Leith and Falmouth, 1 May)
Died Bagdad, VDL (TAS), 30 April 1848, aged 53

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Robert+Stodart+d1848 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:

During his family's return to Tasmania in 1844, John Philip Deane advertised a concert at a fellow old colonist, Robert Stodart's hotel in Bagdad, when, according to the Colonial Times "he will be assisted in the instrumental department by Mr. Stodart himself, who plays an admirable violin". In due course, it also reported that the concert "was not only numerously, but most respectably attended. The performance was excellent, and that of Mr. Stodart much admired". I have found nothing to connect this Stodart with the piano maker Robert Stodart of London.


Documentation:

"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette (28 September 1822), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1089773

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 September 1831), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8646089

[Advertisement], The Courier (3 May 1844), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2951115

STODART'S HOTEL, BAGDAD. Mr. DEANE has the pleasure to inform the inhabitiints of Bagdad and its vicinity that a CONCERT of VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC will take place at the above-mentioned Hotel on SATURDAY, the 11th instant. Mr. Stodart has gratuitously offered the use of his concert room, as well as his personal exertions in the instrumental department. Tickets, 5s. each, to be had of Mr. Best, Royal Hotel, and Mr. Stodart, Stodart's Hotel.

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", Colonial Times (7 May 1844), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8754858

... On Saturday next, we perceive Mr. Deane gives a Concert at Bagdad, at Mr. Stodart's Hotel, when he will be assisted in the instrumental department by Mr. Stodart himself, who plays an admirable violin ...

"COUNTRY THEATRICALS" and "MR. DEANE'S CONCERTS", Colonial Times (21 May 1844), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8754910

A portion of our metropolitan theatrical performers, including Messrs. Arabin, Davies, with Madame Adelle, have, during the present recess, been entertaining the good people of Richmond with some very clever and well got up performances. Stimulated by their success at the latter place, they purpose to extend their circuit, and on Thursday Evening they appear at Mr. Stodart's Hotel, at Bagdad, in some favourite pieces ...

We are pleased to find that Mr. Deane's concert at Mr. Stodart's, Green Ponds, on Saturday week, was not only numerously, but most respectably attended. The performance was excellent, and that of Mr. Stodart much admired.

"OBITUARY", Colonial Times (2 May 1848), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8762761

Again has "grim Death" been at work amongst our older colonists. Mr. Robert Stodart, of the Royal Hotel, Bagdad, is one of its victims ...

"DEATH", The Courier (3 May 1848), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2969233





STONE, Mr.

Amateur musician, flautist, flute player

Active Perth, WA, 1846


Documentation:

[News], The Perth Gazette (18 April 1846), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article646661

... Mr. Stone made his flute discourse most eloquent music; indeed the portions of music allotted to him were the most strikings and distinguished in the programme of the evening.

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66033877

? "ENTERTAINMENT", The Inquirer (30 August 1871), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65931928

"AMATEUR ENTERTAINMENT", The Inquirer (14 February 1877), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66301497





STONEHAM FAMILY


STONEHAM, William

Musician, bandsman

Born Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), ? December 1830 / 9 December 1832
Died NSW, 26 March 1913


STONEHAM, Herbert Leslie

Bandsman, flautist, composer

Born VIC, c.1855
Died Blackburn, VIC, 1945


STONEHAM, Henry William


STONEHAM, William Alfred


STONEHAM, Reginald Alberto Agrati

Musician, composer

Born VIC, 1879


THIS ENTRY IS A STUB


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1888), 12

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6911425 

CENTENNIAL EXHIBITION … TOMORROW EVENING (WEDNESDAY), GRAND VOCAL, INSTRUMIENTAL, and ORGAN CONCERT … Special Quintette of Ventil Horns: Messrs. W. STONEHAM, Sen.; H. L. STONEHAM; H. W. STONEHAM; F. H. STONEHAM; W. A. STONEHAM.

"MASTER OF MUSIC. MR. WILLIAM STONEHAM. EIGHTY YEARS OF MELODY", The Sun (2 December 1910), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article221523592 

Eighly years old on Sunday, and almost all that time a musician - nearly eighty years of melody flowing through one's veins. Such a man is William Stoneham, who may claim to be one of the fathers of music in Australia - certainly the father of the Australian volunteer bands. Just 80 years ago he saw the light of day in Hobart, born of a good old English stock Almost before he could walk the call of music was with him, and as a mere toddler his ear was already almost perfect, and he would walk miles to hear a band. His first instructor was Drum-Major Allan of the old 96th Regiment, in Launceston, and the drum was his first instrument. Upon it he soon became efficient, so that when at the age of 13 years, he arrived in what was then known as Port Philip with his parents, he was able immediately to take his place in the Town Band ...


Bibliography and resources:

William Stoneham (? 1832-1913), WikiTree

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Stoneham-590 





STONEY, Henry Butler

Amateur musician, composer, musical editor, author, novelist, army officer (captain, 99th Regiment)

Born County Mayo, Ireland, 1816
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 18 June 1853 (per Senator from London, 2 February)
Departed Hobart, TAS, 20 February 1856 (per Indian Queen, for England)
Died Kawakawa, New Zealand, 5 July 1894, aged 78

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-628618 (NLA persistent identifier)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Henry+Butler+Stoney (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:

Stoney, a career army officer, came to Australia to join the 99th Regiment in Tasmania in 1853 as its paymaster.

In April 1854, he floated a scheme to induce members of the regiment to settle in a proposed new township, Wivenhoe, on the Emu River. Later that year he printed his book A year in Tasmania (reissued in England as A residence in Tasmania), which includes comments on local musicians and music making (English edition 132-33: https://archive.org/stream/aresidenceintas00stongoog#page/n177/mode/2up):

... Nor are the inhabitants of the good city without professors and masters in the elegant accomplishment of music; for there are several of no mean repute, and whose talents, judging from the multiplicity of their engagements, their frequent concerts and musical soirees are not unappreciated by the Tasmanians. A glee club has been organized under the direction of Mr. Tapfield, organist of Trinity Church, which has met with considerable success, and is patronised by some of the principal families: the meetings of the club, each alternate week, when members can introduce two or three friends, are of a very recherche and pleasing character. M. Del Sarte has also contributed much to the improvement of musical taste, and his concerts are always crowded. The Mechanics' Institute, under the tuition of Messrs. Salier and Russell, have formed a class for music at a very reduced rate for its members, and moderate fees for all who wish to become pupils. Besides these gentlemen, there are others of no less taste and talents; [133] and in the person of Mr. Packer, a fine vocalist and skilful pianist, the city possesses an unrivalled artist.

There are two theatres in Hobarton; and the principal one, the Yictoria, is constantly visited by "stars," who seldom fail to draw crowded houses ...

Stoney also compiled and edited two anthologies of locally composed music, The Delacourt bouquet, published in Hobart in November 1854, and The Tasmanian lyre, announced at the same time, though the second not released until March 1855.

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=The+Delacourt+bouquet (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=The+Tasmanian+lyre (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Composers represented in these collections include bandsmen of the 99th, bandmaster Robert Martin, and Arthur S. Hill (his The Wivenoe quadrilles), as well as Stoney himself.

Stoney's own The Wanderer polka and The Wanderer's return polka appeared in the first collection, and his La Speranza waltz in the second.

In February 1856 Stoney returned with the 99th Regiment to Britian, where in London he published his book Victoria: with a description of its principal cities, Melbourne and Geelong based on a 3-month visit there in late 1854 and early 1855 (in London, Stoney added three musical reviews from the Melbourne press received in the latest mails, as an appendix, 205-10).

While in Britian, in August 1856, Stoney was appointed paymaster of the 40th Regiment, and returned to Australia in 1857 to join it in Melbourne. There that year, Stoney published a novel, Reginald Mortimer (or, Truth more strange than fiction: a tale of a soldier's life and adventure). As earlier in Tasmania, he was active in Melbourne in cultural and scientific pursuits and societies. Notably in September 1857, he appeared on stage at the Theatre Royal as an amateur actor in a benefit performance for the local Orphan Asylums.

Stoney was transferred with the 40th to New Zealand in 1860, went to New Zealand, where he stayed on and settled. There in 1861 he published his New Zealand novel, Taranaki: a tale of the war.


Documentation:

"99TH REGIMENT", The Courier (22 December 1852), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2958031

"99TH REGIMENT", The Courier (25 December 1852), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2958019 

Captain H. Butler Stoney, the newly appointed Paymaster of the 99th Regiment, entered the service in May 1837, and served in the 19th Regiment fifteen years, having been promoted last May to an unattached company. In 1840 he proceeded to Malta with his regiment, and in 1843 was selected by the Lord High Commissioner as Resident pro tem. for the Island of Cerigo, which high office he held for seven months with much credit, having received a very flattering address on leaving from the inhabitants, and the thanks of Lord Seaton, then Lord High Commissioner; he accompanied his regiment to the West Indies in 1845, and was thanked in general orders for exertions in saving life and pro- perty during the fearful hurricane of 1847 in Tobago, and was appointed Fort Adjutant of Tobago by General Midlemore, which post he held until the regiment removed to Canada in 1848; in 1849 he returned home, being recommended again for staff employ by his Colonel, aud remained Depot Paymaster till the return of Head-quarters last July.

"ARRIVALS", The Courier (18 June 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2248759

"MILITARY SETTLERS", The Courier (13 April 1854), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2244458

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2242514

"THE DELACOURT BOUQUET", The Courier (14 November 1854), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2243917

"DEPARTURES", Launceston Examiner (21 February 1856), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36296436

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 September 1857), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article7138858).

"OBITUARY", Auckland Star (12 July 1894), 7

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AS18940712.2.18.7


Bibliography and resources:

Tony Marshall, "Henry Butler Stoney - author, soldier, settler", Papers and Proceedings: Tasmanian Historical Research Association 63/1 (April 2016), 26-48

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/235284355 

http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=248674078637534;res=IELHSS (PAYWALL)

"Henry Butler Stoney", Design & Art Australia Online

http://www.daao.org.au/bio/henry-butler-stoney





STRAFFORD, Charles

Precentor (Presbyterian)

Active Sydney, NSW, c. early 1830s
Died Sydney, NSW, 30 December 1852


Documentation:

"CORONER'S INQUESTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1853), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28644391

An inquest, held at the Three Tuns Tavern, King-street, on view of the body of Charles Strafford, then lying dead in the Sydney Infirmary. Mr. J. George Chandler stated that the deceased was his uncle; he was about forty, seven years of age, and much addicted to intemperate habits ... He was well known to Dr. McGarvie, having, about 20 years ago, been, precentor in his church, and being at that time a man of highly respectable character ...





STRAHAN, Edward Alfred

Organist and Professor of Music, piano tuner and repairer

Arrived Brisbane, August 1863 (from France)
Died before 1917


STRAHAN, Fanny Louisa (DIGGLES)

Musician, vocalist, organist

Born Birkenhead, England, 18 September 1845 (daughter of Silvester Diggles, second wife of Strahan)
Arrived Brisbane, November 1853
Died Kangaroo Point, QLD, 10 March 1917


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Courier (19 November 1863), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3166955

[Advertisement], The North Australian (18 August 1864), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article77434814

EDWARD ALFRED STRAHAN, late Organist of the Cathedral St. Pol de Leon, France, Professor of Music, Singing, and French to Mrs. Jephson's Seminary, and French Master to the Ipswich Grammar School. Residence, North Ipswich.

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (4 February 1865), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1267874

"IPSWICH", The Brisbane Courier (23 March 1866), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1264596

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 January 1867), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1279551

"MR. ATKINSON'S CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (30 August 1867), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1286953

"MR. STRAHAN'S Concert", The Brisbane Courier (15 September 1869), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1295985

"RESERVED SEATS. TO THE EDITOR", The Brisbane Courier (16 September 1869), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1296072

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (28 December 1871), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1309676

"DEATH", The Brisbane Courier (14 April 1875), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1397377

"A SACRED CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (26 April 1902), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article19155373

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Queenslander (7 August 1909), 35

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article21829675

"THE LATE MRS. STRAHAN", The Brisbane Courier (21 March 1917), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article20158124





STRATTON, William

Bandsman (Heydecke's Band)

Active Adelaide, by 1862
Died North Adelaide, 3 May 1902, in his 74th year


STRATTON, William Henry (junior)

Bandsman, kettle-drum player

Died 1930, aged 79


Documentation:

"GAWLER TOWN RURAL FETE AND PIC-NIC", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (8 November 1862), 1s

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article90253593

"ADELAIDE REGIMENTAL BAND", South Australian Register (3 December 1863), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article50169478

A meeting of the Adelaide Regimental Band Committee was held at the Staff Office on Wednesday, December 2 ... A letter was received from Mr. W. Stratton, intimating that the members of the band of the First Adelaide Rifles were willing to enrol themselves as a regimental band on the following terms, namely, to attend, 20 drills- that is, 18 regimental drills and two reviews- gratis in one year. Also that they were willing to play in the Botanic Garden, Government Domain, or any other place they might be requested within the city after 4 o'clock p.m. for the sum of 5s. each; and also that, in addition to the instruments already belonging to the company, the band would require the regiment to provide one contra-basso saxhorn.

"THE REVIEW", South Australian Register (25 May 1864), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39124237

"THE VOLUNTEER FORCE", South Australian Register (10 July 1866), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article41024673

"BANDMASTER THEODORE W. HEYDECKE", The Register (8 July 1922), 12

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63928816

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (23 April 1870), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28591024

"OBITUARY", The Advertiser (5 May 1902), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4884267

"DEATHS", The Register (6 May 1902), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article56561093

"OBITUARY", Chronicle (10 May 1902), 35

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87828322

"LODGE VETERAN DIES", News (9 January 1930), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128884196

... As a member of a military band the late Mr. Stratton played the kettle drum.





STRAUS, Edgar

Violoncellist, violoncello / cello player

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1888
Died Altadena, Colorado, USA, 20 November 1899


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1888), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13707301

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1888), 13

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13708005

The orchestra includes well-known names- Messrs. Poussard, Herman, Newton, Taylor, Sebastian Hodge, Lombe, Fischer, and Mr. Edgar Straus, who will lead the 'cellos. Mr. Straus appeared at the Metropolitan Liedertafel concert last week, and is an American artist of good repute.

"SYDNEY QUINTET SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1895), 12

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13985007

"THE EDGAR STRAUS BENEFIT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 May 1898), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14171559

"MR. EDGAR STRAUS", Evening News (2 July 1898), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113248547

"NEWS OF THE WEEK. TOWN", Australian Town and Country Journal (6 January 1900), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71374151

"In Memoriam", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1900), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14362600

Intelligence of the death of Mr. Edgar Straus, the well-known 'cellist, has been received in Sydney by Dr. A. Philip from a sister of the dead artist. The late Mr. Straus took his departure for the United States but a few months ago, for he thought a visit to his native land would pull him together. His medical adviser (Dr. Philip) did not oppose the journey, although he knew that Straus's case was well-nigh hopeless. He died quite peacefully of pulmonary complaint at Altadena, Colorado, USA, on November 20. As 'cellist, the late Mr. Straus had no superior in the colonies. He was a great favorite, and prior to his departure was presented with an illuminated address, signed by nearly all the musicians in Sydney and many others.





STREBINGER, Frederick (Frederic; M. STREBINGER; Herr STREBINGER)

Violinist (pupil of Ernst)

Born c. 1824
Reported dead, England, 1865
Died ? San Francisco, USA, ? after 1900

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Frederick+Strebinger (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


STREBINGER, Thérèse (FERDINAND)

Dancer (? vocalist)

Born Paris, France, c. 1827/28
Died San Francisco, USA, 9 January 1900, aged 73

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Therese+Strebinger+d1900 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Arrived Adelaide, SA, 12 February 1853 (per Victoria, from Mauritius)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, February 1864 (per Red Rover, for London)


Summary:

Strebringer arrived in Adelaide on the Victoria from Mauritius with his wife, a ballet dancer, in February 1853. As a "violinist, from the principal Opera Houses of Paris and Vienna" (possibly related, therefore, to the Vienna-based violinist Matthias Strebinger), he advertised his intention to give a concert, at which he was assisted by Mathilde Cranz and Carl Linger. He intended to return the favour by appearing for Cranz in April, but in the event sailed on, with the Victoria, for Melbourne, before her concert took place.

He first appeared in Melbourne in Fischer's orchestra for the Melbourne Philharmonic Society on 27 April, and in August gave a concert in which his wife was reportedly to appear as a vocalist.

They then moved on to Sydney, where in September, Madame Strebinger "celebrated Danseuse, from the Italian Opera, London, Paris, Madrid" appeared at the Royal Victoria Theatre.

The couple appeared regularly and toured widely during the next decade, Frederick making a last notorious appearance in the Melbourne press, in absentia, nine months after his final departure, as accused co-respondent in a divorce case:

The identification of the co-respondent was clear at the time, but it was rendered more clear by his leaving behind him his hat and violin.

He was in London in October 1865. While engaged in a theatre orchestra in Birmingham in April 1865, Strebinger reportedly went missing, and soon after reports circulated that he had died. Rather, he appears to have sailed for America, and in 1870-71 was working as a conductor in New York's Olympic Theatre.

My thanks to Kurt Ganzl (2017) for sharing his reserach findings


Documentation:

Bolton's Mauritius almanac and official directory (Mauritius: Mauritian Printing Establishment, 1852), 243

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=H84NAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA243

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (14 February 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article38457011

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 February 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article38465140

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 February 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article38454600

"M. STREBINGER'S CONCERT", Adelaide Morning Chronicle (4 March 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66450798

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (12 April 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article38456646

"MELBOURNE SHIPPING ARRIVALS", Empire (18 April 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61323464

"MUSICAL", The Argus (23 August 1853), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4796032

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (26 September 1853), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article61328174

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Hobarton Mercury (3 January 1855), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3334604

[Advertisement], Morning Advertiser (15 October 1864), 1

PROMENADE CONCERTS. THE STRAND MUSICK HALL WILL OPEN on MONDAY, October, 17, with a Company composed the following eminent Artistes ... ORCHESTRA. First Violin, Principal, Herr Strebinger ....

[Advertisement], The Musical World (15 October 1864), 656

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=E5cPAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA656

"LAW REPORT", The Argus (15 December 1864), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5744611

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE ... To the EDITOR", Birmingham Daily Post (19 April 1865), 4

Sir, Can you afford a small space your valuable columns, to offer a trifling explanation that I consider due both the Birmingham public and myself? I had entrusted the leadership the orchestra, in connection with my Opera Company now performing at the Prince of Wales Theatre, to a Mr. Strebinger, whose name was duly announced in the prospectus. From some still unexplained cause, that gentleman has never made his appearance ... Apologising for this intrusion, I am, sir, very obediently, J. RUSSELL ...

"MELBOURNE NEWS (Herald)", Bendigo Advertiser (18 September 1865), 2s

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87926467

We understand, from private sources, that Herr Strebinger, who was so well known in Melbourne some years ago as a violinist and orchestral conductor, expired in London in June last.

"DIED", The San Francisco Call (11 January 1900), 11

https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SFC19000111.2.112.4 


Bibliography and resources:

"STREBINGER (MATTHIAS)", in François-Joseph Fétis, Biographie universelle des musiciens et bibliographie générale (Paris: Firmin Didot, 1870), 457

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=x0QQAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA1-PA157

"Mon. F. Strebinger", Internet Broadway Database

https://www.ibdb.com/broadway-cast-staff/mon-f-strebinger-438966 





STRICKLAND, Eliza (Miss STRICKLAND; E. STRICKLAND; Mrs. George COMMINS)

Vocalist

Born ? England, c.1821
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by August 1840
Died Fish River, NSW, 8 April 1854, aged 33

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Eliza+Strickland+d1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:

Eliza Strickland was recently arrived in Sydney in August 1840. She was variously advertised on arrival as a pupil Royal Academy of Music, a pupil of "T. Welch" [Thomas Welsh (c.1780-1848)] and Signior Lanza" [sic] [Gesualdo Lanza (1779-1859)]. She sang for the Cecilian Society and in concerts, and in November 1840 was engaged to appear on stage at the Royal Victoria Theatre until her marriage in December 1841.


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (24 August 1840), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12865416

MISS E. STRICKLAND. (Pupil of T. Welsh and Signoir [sic] Lanzer) teacher of Music and Singing, No. 11 King-street, east, near Pitt-street, - Miss. S having just arrived from London, begs respectfully to inform the Inhabitants of Sydney, and its environs, she is now prepared to receive a limited number of Young Ladies. Miss S. begs to impress on the minds of those friends who may feel disposed to place their Daughters under her tuition, that every care will be taken to ensure their progress in both branches of the profession, as it is her system to give her pupils a thorough knowledge in the Theory of Music and Singing, so as to enable the Pupils to play and sing the most difficult compositions.

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Colonist (3 October 1840), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31725726

... On Monday night, Mr. Wallace, the leader of the Orchestra, takes his first benefit ... First, there will be THE LADY OF THE LAKE (Sir Walter Scott's poem dramatised.) Next, a Concert, vocal and instrumental, in which Mrs. Bushelle, Madame Gautrot, and Mrs. Clancy will assist. Miss Strickland, a pupil of the Royal Academy of music, will also sing. After the Concert there are to be dances, and then the farce HIS FIRST CHAMPAGNE. The selection is one of the best this season, and the additional attraction of the Concert will doubtless ensure Mr. Wallace a bumper.

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (8 October 1840), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36848847

... The concert (so to speak) which followed gave unqualified satisfaction. Miss Strickland, a late arrival, made her first appearance in "Tell me my heart," and "Just by Twilight," both of which were very prettily sung and encored. It would perhaps be premature to express any decided opinion upon this lady's qualifications as a singer from her efforts on Monday evening, althought the lady certainly did not seem deficient in confidence - an essential requisite in either singer or actor. We may, however, express our doubt whether her voice has sufficient power for the theatre, but we have no wish to decide hastily ...

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (12 November 1840), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12866474

The Theatre will open for the season, on Monday evening next, and after a dull vacation lately, we feel assured that the enlivening gratification of again discussing the merits of candidates for Histrionic Fame, will be eagerly embraced by everyone. The spirited Proprietor is endeavouring to render the "corps dramatique," as effective as possible. Madame Veilburn has been engaged, and she will be a decided acquisition. It is rumoured that vocal talent (the greatest attraction to a Sydney audience) which has for so long a period been an utter stranger to the stage, is likely to be revived in the person of Miss Strickland, who has lately come amongst us, and whose exquisite powers of song, combined with her winning yet unassuming lady like deportment, have so deservedly elicited such unbounded admiration. We suggest to the Proprietor that an engagement with the above lady would render the stage particularly attractive, and at the same time remunerative - Correspondent.

"CECILIAN SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (5 December 1840) 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31730065

We have just returned from the concert of this society, and have only time to say tlhat, with the exception of one or two songs, it passed off remarkably well. Thie song of "Coming thro' the Rye" was very well sung by a young gentleman, who bids fair to be an excellent singer. "Lo thy hour approaches fast" was well executed by Miss Strickland, although we must confess the reports we had heard of her raised our expectations somewlat too high. On the whole the concert was an agreeable one. - Correspondent.

"THE THEATRE" and "CECILIAN SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (5 December 1840), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32187171

On Thursday evening the Theatre was well attended ... "Tell me my Heart," was sung with much taste by Miss Strickland, who was encored ...

The monthly Concert of the Cecilian Society took place last evening, at the old Court House, Castlereagh. street. Notwithstanding that the early part of the evening was wet, and the streets dirty, there were at least two hundred visitors present on the occasion. The performances generally were well received, and some of them were encored. The Society have of late been favoured by the assistance of Miss Strickland, whose singing last night elicited much applause. The Society can now enumerate amongst its performers, nearly the whole of the leading (males) professors of music in the Colony. Annexed is the programme of last night's performances: - Part 1. Overture, La Vestale, Spontini; Glee, the "May Fly," Calcott; Song, "the Outlaw," Loder; Duet, "March from Philtre" Pianoforte, Herz; Song, "What is ths Spell," Rooke; Song, "The knight was brave," Rossini; Chorus, "Beauty's praise," Logan; Overture, "Le Pre aux clercs," Herves; Part 2 - Overture, "Der Freischutz," Weber; Song, "The sea rover;" Glee, "Hark, Apollo strikes the lyre," Bishop; Song, "Coming through the Rye;" Song, "Lo! thy hour approaches fast," Weber; Chorus, "What equals on earth," Weber; Finalle, Mozart.

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (10 December 1840), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32187301

The Victoria was but thinly attended during the early part of Tuesday night; but filled up at half price. Madame Veilburn and her pupil, Miss Strickland, are verily highly thought oft whilst the whole of the performers seem to be industrious and successful in their separate departments.

"MARRIED", The Sydney Herald (7 December 1841), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12872678

"MISS STRICKLAND", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 December 1841), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2555248

'DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 April 1854), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12961594





STRONG, Georg (senior)

Tailor, musician (theatre orchestra)

STRONG, Georg (junior)

Violinist, composer

STRONG, Emily

Amateur vocalist, pianist


Go to main page George Strong and family:

http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/strong-george-and-family.php 





STUBBS, Thomas

Professor of music, flautist, composer, cricketer, "currency lad", auctioneer

Born NSW, 1802; died VIC, 1878


Go to main page Thomas Stubbs and his descendents:

http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/stubbs-thomas-and-descendents.php 





STURGES BOURN, Georgina Charlotte (HOBBS; Mrs. Sturges BOURN)

Professor of the Concertina, Singing, and Pianoforte

Born England; baptised St. James, Bath, 5 June 1835
Married Sturges BOURN, St. James, Bath, 25 December 1851 (minor)
Active Melbourne, VIC, November 1852; Bendigo, VIC, 1856


Documentation:

Baptisms in the parish of St. James, Bath ... in the year 1835, page 138

June 5th / Georgina Charlotte, daughter of Samuel Flower Hobbs, Southgate Street, Saddler and Harness maker / and Maria ...

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (11 November 1852), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4788020

... The following is the programme for this evening, introducing also, we perceive, a new lady singer: - Overture - Zauberflott [sic]; Song - Messenger, Mr. Gregg; Solo Violln - Mr. Weston; Song - The slave, Mrs. Testar; Die Peerlen Waltzer; Song - I would I were a Fairy, Mrs. Sturges Bourn; Duett - Dearest, let my footsteps follow, Mrs. Testar and Mr Gregg. Sinfonia.- Heroica. [sic] PART II. Overture.- Anacreon; Song.- Rock'd in the Cradle of the Deep, Mr. Gregg; Song, - I'd be a Gipsy, Mrs. Sturges Bourn; Solo Cornet a'Piston - Mr. de Grey; Ballad.- Roam with me, Mrs Testar; Sturm Marsch Galop. Song.- Revenge, Mr. Gregg; Finale - Rule, Britannia.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 November 1852), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4788131

MRS. STURGES BOURN, Professor of the Concertina, Singing, and Pianoforte. For terms, apply at her residence, 79, Stephen-street, next door to Mr. Long, Chemist and Druggist.

"BIRTH", Bendigo Advertiser (2 June 1856), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88050400





STUTTAFORD, Charlotte (Madame STURRAFORD; Charlotte Mary Anne PRINGLE)

Mezzo-soprano vocalist, song composer, teacher of singing

Born Scotland, 16 May 1829
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by January 1861
Departed VIC, after June 1867
Died Toronto, Canada, 1 June 1901


Summary:

Newly arrived in the colony, she made "her first appearance in Australia" for her brother, George Pringle, at his concert in Melbourne in February 1861. She also advertised as a teacher of singing ("pupil of Signor Lablache, late of Exeter Hall, St. Martin's Hall, and Surrey Music Hall, London".

Her song The myrtle (words: G. Isaacs) was published in Melbourne in 1865 (NO COPY IDENTIFIED). According to the Argus:

Madame Stuttaford has just set a pleasing song ... to music, which will not do discredit to our rising school of Australian composers.

Her last advertised Australian performance was as Inez in L'africaine for Lyster's opera company in July 1866.

She had moved to Ontario, Canada, by 1871, and died at Toronto, 1 June 1901.


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1861), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5697055

[News], The Argus (28 February 1861), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5698031

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 March 1861), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5698038

[News], The Argus (13 July 1865), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5772056

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 July 1866), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5768367

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (10 June 1867), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112875527 


Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 117, 125, 138





SULLIVAN, Misses

Vocalists (ISaac Nathan's concert)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2556557





SULLIVAN, H.

French horn player (Band of the 12th Regiment)

See also Band of the 12th Regiment

SULLIVAN, W.

Side drum player

Active Sydney, NSW, July 1859 (Sydney University Musical Festival)


Documentation:

[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60402011





SULLIVAN, Charles J. (Charles J. O'SULLIVAN)

Professor of music, pianist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by July 1853
Died Melbourne, VIC, 16 May 1869


Documentation:

"THURSDAY CONCERT", The Argus (28 July 1853), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4795048 

We are glad to see that that Signor Maffei is not satisfied will one attempt, and that he is not discouraged, though the attendance last week was not so numerous as the concert deserved. To-night promises even better, for the noble piano was banished on the last occasion, but it to be restored this evening, and presided at by Mr. Sullivan, who makes his first appearance, and of whom, both as a performer and composer, we have heard a very flattering report. This will be and improvement; for many of the songs before were spoiled by the loud orchestral accompaniment. Two new vocalists, Miss Martin and Mr. Taunton, also appear for the first time. M. Paltzer is an excellent conductor, and his solo-playing is rarely excelled here.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1853), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4795055 

MECHANICS INSTITUTION - Weekly Concert. This Evening, Thursday 28th July ... Vocal - Mrs. Testar, Miss Martin, Mr. Taunton, (Their first appearance). Instrumental - Harp, Mr. Edwards (his first appearance), Violin, M. Paltzer, Cornet a Piston, Signor Maffei and Mr. Stewart, Pianoforte, Mr. Sullivan (his first appearance) ...

[Advertisement], The Banner (16 September 1853), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article179481235 

MR. WITTON, (FROM ADELAIDE,) Professor of Music and Teacher of the Piano-Forte, Guitar, and Singing, Violin, Flute, &c. respectfully announces to his patrons, pupils, and the public of Melbourne and its vicinity, that from an increase of pupils, since he commenced the active practice of his profession here, he has felt the want of assistance which he has succeeded in obtaining, in the co-operation of Mr. C. J. O'Sullivan, (pupil of Kalkbrenner & Herz,) in continuing that system of musical tuition, in which he has proved his success in communicating, for a period of twenty years; by this arrangement Mr. Witton flatters himself every possible attainment may be acquired, theory, practice, and style. WITTON'S MUSICAL REPOSITORY. Great Brunswick Street, Collingwood.

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 October 1853), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4798408 

MECHANICS' INSTITUTION ... Mr. TAAFFE begs lave to announce ... that he will give his Dramatic Illustrations of Popular Poetry of England, Ireland and Scotland, on Monday Evening next, 24th Inst., at 8 o'clock, when he will be assisted by a Gentleman Amateur, and Mr. Charles J. Sullivan, who will preside at the Piano-forte ...

[Advertisement], The Banner (6 January 1854), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article179811336 

NOTICE. THE connexion hitherto existing between me and Mr. C. J. O'Sullivan, from Cork, as Professors and Teachers of Music, ceases this dat, 31st December, 1853. HENRY. JAS. WITTON, Professor of Music. Musical Repository, Collingwood.

"A MUSICIAN AT FAULT", The Argus (5 October 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4820052 

Andrew Doyle, the landlord of the Ship Hotel, appeared at the City Court yesterday, and made complaint against Charles O'Sullivan for non-fulfilment of his agreement. The complainant stated that he had engaged the accused as pianist, at the rate of £2 and his board per week. An advance had since been demanded and acceded to. Last week O'Sullivan absented himself several nights, and this week he had not made his appearance at all. Upon inquiry he learned on Wednesday that he had engaged himself at a public-house in Collingwood. Mr. Doyle had no wish to punish the accused; he merely wished him to continue his engagement. O'Sullivan expressed his willingness to do so, on which the case was dismissed.

"CITY POLICE COURT. MINOR OFFENCES", The Age (13 July 1863), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154962317 

Charles J. Sullivan was fined 5s for exposing his person in the street.

"CITY POLICE COURT. MISCELLANEOUS OFFENCES", The Age (17 October 1868), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article177003562 

Charles J. Sullivan, an old man, accused of indecent conduct in the street, was released with an admonition.

"DEATHS", The Argus (17 May 1869), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5832189 

O'SULLIVAN. - On the 16th inst., at the Garibaldi Hotel, Little Collins-street east, Melbourne, Charles J. O'sullivan, pianist.

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (18 May 1869), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5812046

THE Friends of tht late CHARLES J. SULLIVAN, professor of music, formerly of Cork, Ireland, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Melbourne Cemetery. Funeral to move from the Garibaldi Hotel, Little Collins street east, THIS DAY, at 1 o'clock p.m. JOHN DALEY, undertaker, Latrobe and Spring streets, Melbourne.

"INQUESTS ... SUDDEN DEATH", Leader (22 May 1869), 13

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article196483256 

Auother inquest was held at Emerald-hill, by Dr. Youl, Tuesday, on the body of Charles J. Sullivan, aged about fifty years, who was found dead on the 16th inst. Deceased was in the employ of Charles Lee, a publican. Deceased, who was a pianist, was intemperate and did not enjoy good health. He was playing a piano all Saturday evening, and at about one o'clock next morning he was found silting at the piano, quite dead. The cause of death was exhaustion and disease of the lungs, and a verdict was returned to that effect.





SULLIVAN, Dennis

Musician, bandsman, private, Band of the 50th Regiment

Active Sydney, NSW, 1838

See also Band of the 50th Regiment


Documentation:

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (1 June 1838), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32160264 

A private of the band of the 50th Regt. named Dennis Sullivan, was summoned to the Police Office, yesterday (Thursday), to answer to a charge preferred against him of having used threatening language to Mr. Holmes, of George-street. Sullivan had been repeatedly detected by Mr. H. decoying his female assigned servant from the house; for which Mr. H. had complained to the Adjutant twice; he obtained no redress, but was maerely told if the man again offended he should be handed over to the Civil Power ....





SULLIVAN, John

Bandsman, band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1823-27

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+3rd+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


Documentation:

London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695





SUMMERHAYES, Cecilia Elizabeth (Madame Cecilia SUMMERHAYES; Madame SUMMERHAYES; Mrs. Alfred George ANDERSON)

Pianist

Born Taunton, Somerset, England; baptised St. Mary, Taunton, 23 April 1840
Married Alfred George ANDERSON, Taunton, 27 August 1864; divorced 1877
Arrived Sydney, NSW, September 1879 (from Plymouth, 17 July)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 13 August 1929


SUMMERHAYES, Gertrude (Emma Gertrude Cecilia Anderson SUMMERHAYES)

Violinist

Born England, 13 June 1873; baptised St Michael and All Angels, Ladbroke Grove, 15 June 1873


THIS ENTRY IS A STUB


Documentation:

"SYDNEY INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1879), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13444405

"THE MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1879), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13451667

"MADAME CECILIA SUMMERHAYES", The Argus (24 October 1922), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1850450

"MISS SUMMERHAYES", Cairns Post (28 July 1928), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article40631626

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (13 August 1931), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4390590





SUMMERHAYES, Mr.

Violinist


SUMMERHAYES, Mr. W.

Cellist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1887


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 August 1887), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13646976

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1887), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13679093





SUMMERHAYES, Charles W. (SUMMERHAYS)

Organist

Died Norwood, SA, 12 February 1890, aged 36 (formerly of Kensington, London)


Documentation:

"NORWOOD TOWN HALL", South Australian Register (15 May 1884), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article43660502

"FUNERAL OF MR. C. W. SUMMERHAYES", South Australian Register (15 February 1890), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article47075070

"DEATHS", South Australian Chronicle (15 February 1890), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91275832

"The Week", South Australian Chronicle (22 February 1890), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91270543

Mr. C. W. Summerhayes, who was well known in musical circles, died at his residence at Norwood on the 12th inst., aged 36. The deceased gentleman had been ill for a consider able time and unable to attend to the duties of his profession. He was for many years a teacher of music, being regarded as an excellent instructor, and held the position of organist at St. Francis Xavier's Cathedral.





SUMMERS, Joseph

Composer, organist, music educator

Born Charlton Mackrell, Somerset, England, 1839
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 29 December 1865 (per Royal Standard, from Liverpool, 22 October)
Died Perth, WA, 10 October 1917

http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-548453 (NLA persistent identifier)


THIS ENTRY IS A STUB


Summary:

Summers was a chorister at Wells Cathedral, studied under Gauntlett and Sterndale Bennett, read music at Oxford around 1863, and held organist posts. He married Constance (also Summers) in 1863, and late in 1865 they arrived in Victoria, where brother sculptor Charles Summers had been since 1854. On the voyage out passengers mounted a production of Macbeth for which the "musical business was under the superintendence of Mr. Joseph Summers, bachelor of music".

In August 1867 Summers, Julius Siede, and St. John Caws were deputed by the Victorian Musical Association to make musical arrangements for the reception of the Duke of Edinburgh. One result was his Galatea secunda ("new cantata expressly composed; words R. H. Horne), in September 1867 (a year earlier Summers had set Horne's Threnodia O cruel sea! whose wild embrace); another, in May 1868, his New ode ("Bearing on the subject of the Attempted Assassination of Prince Alfred") (libretto: Rev. Dr. Bromby) (1 Address to the Deity; 2 Assassination Scene; 3 Jubilation; 4 Australia's Prayer).

Summers was organist of St. Peter's, Eastern Hill (1868-79), and All Saints, St. Kilda (until 1896). From 1867, he was an examiner and later "state inspector of singing" for the Education Board.

Court proceedings against Summers in 1871 for conspiracy to defraud a mining company forced him into insolvency in 1872.

In August 1874 Summers and Henry Hughes gave interesting specialist evidence for defence in libel case brought against the Herald for an anonymous critique (actually by Marcus Clarke) of a "mutilated" local production of Offenbach's Princess of Trebizonde.

The fact that his Victorian National Anthem, to words by Gordon McCrae (1879), was being taught in schools drew a criticism of its quality in January 1880. In 1890 he was awarded a doctorate of music by the archbishop of Canterbury.

In May 1891 he was before the courts again for irregularities in his mining dealings, was insolvent again in October, and after a government inquiry into claims of misappropriation was forced to relinquish his departmental post In 1893 he sued The Age over a satirical review of a performance he conducted of Haydn's The creation.

In March 1897 he moved to Perth, WA, where he continued to compose, teach, conduct and court controversy, not least litigation over his collaboration on a dramatised Milton oratorio The two worlds (1900). Among his late minor works were a "new Australian National Anthem", King Jarrah (1913), and An Australian madrigal (1914).


Documentation:

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (30 December 1865), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5785896

"THE BROOKE MEMORIAL FUND", Launceston Examiner (12 May 1866), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36634695

[News], The Argus (5 October 1866), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5775151

[News], The Argus (8 August 1867), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5774578

[News], The Argus (20 September 1867), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5778460

"GALATEA SECUNDA", The Argus (4 October 1867), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5779718

"MR. SUMMERS'S NEW ODE", The Argus (25 May 1868), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5817192

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 May 1868), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5817225

"THE ALFRED MEMORIAL CONCERT", The Argus (26 May 1868), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5817302

"CONSPIRACY TO DEFRAUD", The Argus (18 March 1871), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5844547

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (11 July 1872), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5864395

"THEATRICAL CRITICISM", The Argus (22 August 1874), 10

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5876986

"THE VICTORIAN NATIONAL ANTHEM. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (16 January 1880), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5970953

"THE VICTORIAN NATIONAL ANTHEM. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (20 January 1880), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5971327

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (31 December 1885), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6078711

"MUSICAL NOTES", The Argus (3 May 1890), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8604087

"LEGAL NOTES", The Argus (15 May 1891), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8643908

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Argus (6 October 1891), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8642852

"CHARGES AGAINST DR. SUMMERS. MEETING OF THE BOARD OF INQUIRY", The Argus (13 November 1891), 9

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8622226

"A MUSICAL LIBEL ACTION", The Argus (15 July 1893), 15

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8671037

"NEWS IN BRIEF", The Daily News (15 March 1897), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article84561384

"THE TWO WORLDS", Western Mail (2 June 1900), 58

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article33176021

"AN AUSTRALIAN MUSICIAN'S MEMORIES", The West Australian (9 July 1910), 12

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26262268

"IS IT A GENUINE RUBENS?", The Advertiser (20 June 1913), 9

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5415657

"KING JARRAH. A NEW ODE", The Daily News (10 October 1913), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article79848396

"ANOTHER", The Daily News (13 March 1914), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article79959500

"PEEPS AT PEOPLE", Sunday Times (14 October 1917), 13

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article57989079

A remarkable and notable character passed out last week when Musical Dr. Summers smote his last chord. The doctor died at a very advanced, age. and though a marvellously brilliant theorist has left little in the way of haunting melody and majestic measure that will recall his venerable personality. As a master of the technical side of the divine art, Dr. Summers was unapproached in this State, albeit his best work was done long before he came West. It is a long time ago since the present writer, then a small knickerbockered boy at Oldham's State school, South Melbourne, studied, or tried to study, amid pellets of chewed blotting-paper and vocal fireworks, the blackboard crotchets and quavers of the now late-lamented maestro, and it is also a long time since he next met him, when he (Dr. S.), with Father Duff and the local girl-composer, Flora Murchison, was in the throes of evolving The Two Worlds. More anon of dear old Dr. Summers, a kindly old soul gone whom it is hoped the harps won't twang out of tune and worry his sensitive spook.

"DEATHS", The Argus (23 October 1917), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1657939


Selected musical and literary works:

Weep not (sacred song; words: Eliza Postle; in memory of the son of Rev. A Cairns, Melbourne, 1866)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/37415247 

Postle entered "music" to the Victorian committee for the 1866 Intercolonial & Paris Exhibitions, see The Argus (21 August 1866), 5: http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5771193

Galatea Secunda (an odaic cantata addressed to H.R.H. Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, on his first arrival in the colony of Victoria; written by Richard Hengist Horne; the music composed by J. Summers) (Words only; Melbourne: Printed for private circulation, 1867)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/13411396

Music and musicians: personal reminiscences, 1865-1910 (Perth: Galwey Printing Company, 1910)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/14790582 


Bibliography and resources:

Robin S. Stevens, "Summers, Joseph (1839-1917)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/summers-joseph-4669





SUMSION, Mr.

Oboist

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1850


SUMSION, William

Clarionettist

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1861 or 1862


Summary:

A Wm. Sumsion arrived in Adelaide from Britain in 1852; a William Sumsion was first positively listed as a clarinettist in 1862. Whether or not that William Sumsion was the same person as the oboist listed in 1850 is unclear. Possibly there were two different musicians.


Documentation:

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (3 July 1850), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207117063 

MONSTER CONCERT ... In aid of the Funds of the GERMAN AND BRITISH HOSPITAL ... Trombone, Mr. Hewett; Oboe, Mr. Sumsion; Ophicleide, Herr Huenerbein; Drums. Mr. Barnett ...

[Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71626647

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (4 October 1851), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article195943233 

GRAND CONCERT ... Vocal and Instrumental Performers. - Mrs. Murray and Madame Francesca Allen; Messrs S. W. Wallace, F. Ellard, Daniels, Mitchell, Bancroft, Geo. Bennett, Lee, Chapman, Cobbins, Hunerbein, Mater, Sumsion, Barnett, &c.; together with the whole of the members of the Choral Society and German Chorus ...

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 April 1852), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article38455845

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (4 October 1854), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article49199552

GRAND EVENING CONCERT ... Flutes - Mr. R. Clisby and Mr. Phillips; Oboe - Mr. Sumsion ...

"NORWOOD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The South Australian Advertiser (22 October 1861), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article878936

... the whole company, comprising seven female and 14 male voices, and 11 instrumental performers, viz.-one cornopean, Mr. Mcculloch; one clarionet, Mr. Sumsion; two flutes, Messrs. Spiller and Proctor; five violins, Messrs. Chapman, Finniss, Chapman, jun., and Schrader ; one bass viol, and one double bass ...

"GAWLER TOWN RURAL FETE AND PIC-NIC", The South Australian Advertiser (7 November 1862), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31816664

... WEST ADELAIDE BAND. - Schmidt, Eb Clarionet; W. Sumsion, Bb Clarionet ...

"OPENING OF PARLIAMENT", South Australian Register (28 May 1864), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39119277

.... Band - F. Heydecke, W. H. Heydecke, H. Schrader, J. Schrader, R. White, G. Vincent, D. H. Weidenhofer, W. Sumsion, Jno. Waite, W. Stratton, Morris, Frank Fletcher, J. W. Allison, and W. H. Stratton ...





SÜSSMILCH, Bernhardt (Christian Bernhardt SUSSMILCH; Christian Bernhardt SUSSMILCH)

Tenor vocalist, flute player, conductor

Born c.1829/30
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1858/59
Died Sydney, NSW, 8 January 1905, aged 75

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Christian+Bernhard+Sussmilch+d1905 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


SÜSSMILCH, Emil (Emil SUSSMILCH)

Baritone vocalist


SÜSSMILCH, Emmy (Emily; Emmy; Emma SUSSMILCH; Mrs. ALLARD)

Vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1892
Died Burwood, Sydney, NSW, 16 February 1932


Documentation:

"GERMAN IMMIGRATION", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1858), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13008384 

[Advertisement], Empire (5 July 1859), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60399875

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1862), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13236338

"DR. CHAS. HORN'S AND MR. M. H. WILSON'S CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (7 October 1865), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18711372

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 February 1869), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13184471

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1905), 12

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14684374

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1905), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14684527

"NEW SOUTH WALES", The Telegraph (9 January 1905), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article174358539 

Mr. Christian Bernhardt Sussmilch, an old resident of Sydney, died at his residence, Woolloomooloo, yesterday. The deceased gentleman was a member of the German Club. He was identified also with the musical profession for many years, and was regarded us a successful teacher.

"AUSTRALIANS IN ENGLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1905), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article14711551

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1910), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15096069

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1932), 10

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article16841260 





SUTCH, George (senior)

Musician (The European Band), harpist, band leader, street musician, itinerant musician

Born London, England, c.1830/31 (son of John SUTCH and Mary LEE)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, February 1857 (bandsman per European)
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 16 November 1892, aged 62

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=George+Sutch+d1892 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


SUTCH, George Albert (G. A. SUTCH; G. SUTCH, junior; George SUTCH)

Violinist

Born Sydney, NSW, 1859
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 7 October 1923, aged 64

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=George+Albert+Sutch+1859-1923 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


SUTCH, W. D.

Arranger

? Active 1859


SUTCH, William George (W. G. SUTCH)

Violinist

Born Carlton, VIC, 20 October 1887 (son of George Albert SUTCH)
Died Ascot Vale, VIC, 4 October 1944


Summary:

It would appear that George Sutch senior arrived in Sydney in 1857 as a band musician on board the steamship European. From an address near Wynyard-square, in 1858 and 1859 he acted as agent for local offshoots of the ships' bands, the European Band proper (under leader G. Arnold) and a sub-group called the London Quadrille Band (leader G. King).

Probably in 1859, Jacob Clarke published what appears to be a local production, the ballad Norah McShane "arranged by W. D. Sutch" with an accompaniment equally suitable for pianoforte or harp. This was perhaps George's elder brother, William Sutch (c.1826-1887), a London musician, who may also have been in Australia, but if so only briefly, as he was in London for the 1861 and 1871 censuses.

In June 1862, Sutch was manager of the Prince of Wales Dancing Academy, with John Gibbs as leader of the band.

George senior, as a harpist, and George junior, as violinist, were active in New Zealand, 1868-70, in Tasmania in 1871-72, and later in Melbourne.

George junior was still active as leader of the orchestra at the King's Theatre, Melbourne, in April 1911, and, his son, W. G. Sutch, was a Melbourne violinist in 1915 and later.


Documentation:

1851 English Census, Parish of Marylebone

226-27 / 15 Gray Street / John McPherson / coachbuilder [householder, lodging house] ...
John Connell / lodger / 20 / Musician ... George Sutch / lodger / 20 / " [Musician] / " [born Marylebone]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1857), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12992474

IF this should meet the eye of WILLIAM BUTT, of Southampton, you are requested to communicate with G. SUTCH, Musician, on board the R. M. Steamship European, now in Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1858), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13022111

NOTICE.-The European Band are open to attend balls, picnic parties, dinners, processions, &c., &c. Country engagements promptly attended to. Address Mr. J. BISHOP, musician, 395, Castlereagh-street South; and at Mr. G. SUTCHS, musician, No. 16, Union-street, Erskine-street, Wynyard-square.

[Advertisement,] The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1859), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13033926

LONDON QUADRILLE BAND, consisting of part of the EUROPEAN BAND (Leader, G. ARNOLD). are OPEN to ATTEND Balls, Picnics, Excursions, &c. The above band, consisting of the following instruments - 1st violin, 1st cornet, piccolo, harp, bass, side drum, &c. For the above band address G. SUTCH, musician, No. 16. Union-street. N.B.-Small parties and clubs attended with violin, harp, and cornet.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1860), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13035484 

[Advertisement], Empire (7 June 1862), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60476479

PRINCE OF WALES DANCING ACADEMY.- Doors open, THIS NIGHT, at half past seven o'clock.. Admission, 1s. each. Manager - Mr. G. SUTCH; Leader of the Band - J. GIBBS; M.C. - E. McLEAN.

[Advertisement], Westport Times (21 December 1868), 3

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/WEST18681221.2.11.2 

[Advertisement], Star (7 October 1870), 3

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/TS18701007.2.10.2

TOMORROW NIGHT! ... MECHANICS' HOTEL AND MUSIC HALL. The Best Liquor ! The Best Company ! The Best Music ! Mr G. Sutch, Harpist; Master St. George Sutch, Violin - The Little Wonder; Mr D. Mason, The Celebrated Step Dancer; Mr. J. Kennedy, The Celebrated Irish Vocalist; Mr. W. F. Wye. ..Sentimental Vocalist. Doors open 7 1/2, to commence at 8. ADMISSION FREE.

[Advertisement], Star (15 December 1870), 1

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/TS18701215.2.2.1 

FORRESTERS' HALL. ANNIVERSARY DAY. PROMENADE BALL. MR. SUTCH'S QUADRILLE BAND, Consisting of the following Instruments:- Leader (First Violin) Mr. Schmidt; Second Violin, Master G. A. Sutch;, Cornet, Mr. P. Linn; Harp, Mr. G. Sutch; Double Bass, Mr. Thorn. Dancing to commence at 9 o'clock sharp. Admission, 3s.

"CONCERT", Cornwall Advertiser (21 November 1871), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article233000696 

The talented Musicians who some few weeks since excited so much notice by their performances in the streets of Launceston, have been on a visit to Hobart Town, where they have given several very successful concerts, and been largely patronised. They have now returned to Launceston, and will give a grand concert of vocal and instrumental music in the Mechanics' Hall on Monday evening next. The company includes Mr. G. Sutch, harpist; Mr. W. Cowley, vocalist; and Master G. A. Sutch, a very clever young violinist. The entertainment will be a superior one.

"CONCERT IN THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Launceston Examiner (28 November 1871), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39684896

[Advertisement], The Mercury (16 December 1871), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8868661

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1874), 11

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5869197 

HARP, double action, In good playing order Price, £25 G. Sutch, musician, 51 Lygon-street, Carlton.

[Advertisement], The Age (17 April 1875), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article202134920

HARP, single action, modern, Erard, flrst-rate order, for. SALE. G. Sutch, musician, 163 Lygon-street, Carlton.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 April 1878), 12

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5927910

"Deaths", The Argus (18 November 1892), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8482796

SUTCH. - On the 16th inst., after a long and painful illness, at his residence, No. 44 Prince's-street, Fitzroy, George, the dearly-beloved husband of Virginia Sutch, and father of G.A. Sutch, professor of music, of North Carlton, aged 62 years.

"THEATRES AND ENTERTAINMENTS", The Argus (15 July 1893), 10

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8671060 

The plan of reserved seats in the Athenaeum-hall for the season of Melbourne Popular Concerts that will commence on Wednesday evening next is now open at Messrs. Allan and Co.'s, and, judging by appearances, Herr Benno Schcrek will not have cause to complain of a paucity of subscribers. The first programme is to be an attractive one, including as it will Schubert's quintet in A major, op. 114 ("The Trout"), for pianoforte, violin, viola, violoncello, and double bass; Haydn's string quartet in G; and Beethoven's sonata "Patetica." Herr Scherek will himself preside at the piano, and the quartet party will be Mr. Geo. Weston, Mr. George Sutch, Herr Schacht, and Mr. George E. Howard. Madame Anna Steinhauer will sing Schubert's "Die Florelle" (the Trout) song, and Mr. Charles Saunders, a young English tenor whose arrival in Melbourne was mentioned in The Argus last month, will make his first appearance here.

"The Fatal Card", Table Talk (21 June 1895), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article145920884 

Mr. Percy Kehoe, who now counts upon Mr. Mozart Phillips and Mr. George Sutch as his leaders, has made the music of The Fatal Card a matter of special importance.

[Advertisement], Fitzroy City Press (28 April 1911), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65685934

[Advertisement], The Essendon Gazette (11 February 1915), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article74587675





SUTHERLAND, Mr. J.

Composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1859


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 October 1859), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5689435

AURORA AUSTRALIS, new polka, beautifully printed in colours. Published by Edward Arnold, 60 Elizabeth street.

[News], The Argus (21 November 1859), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5692165

We have received a new piece of dance music, entitled "The Aurora Australis Polka," by Mr. J. Sutherland, published by Mr. Ed. Arnold, Elizabeth-street. Without displaying very striking originality or very brilliant talent in the composer, it is decidedly pleasing music, an excellent polka for dancing to, and, as a Melbourne production, does credit both to composer and publisher.


Musical work:

Aurora Australis polka (Melbourne: Edward Arnold, [1859])

http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/9854279 





SUTTON, Mr.

Musician, clarinet player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1841


Documentation:

"THE EMIGRANT'S ANNUAL BALL", Australasian Chronicle (7 January 1841), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31730375 

On Friday night last, the fifth anniversary of this festival took place at Mr. Clarke's dancing academy, King-street, and went off in a style that reflected much credit upon the stewards. About eight o'clock the musicians occupied the tastefully decorated orchestra ... About half-past nine the ball was commenced with a country dance, led off by one of the stewards, which was admirably gone through, and followed by the first set of quadrilles; the next was a Spanish waltz, which was pretty fairly gone through; then came the lanciers and were well danced; but in the triumph, country dance, which followed, I assert that nothing I have seen for years could excel the precision, which appeared to be in a great degree attributable to the just and well arranged music of the leader, Mr. Cornish, supported by Mr. Sutton on the clarionet, with which the other instruments formed a band of nine ... - Correspondent.





SUTTON, Richard Henry

Musicseller

Born 1830
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1861
Died Ballarat, VIC, 1876


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Star (29 May 1857), 1s

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66042419

[Advertisement], The Star (29 October 1861), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66343084

[Advertisement], The Star (23 September 1862), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66327367

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 113, 183

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=MyxLAQAAIAAJ

[Advertisement of probate], The Argus (4 October 1876), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5904692

"BALLARAT", The Argus (13 May 1893), 10

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8550721

"BALLARAT", The Argus (12 March 1894), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8731426

"OLD ESTABLISHED MUSIC FIRM", The Argus (23 October 1936), 17

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11928578

The history of Suttons Pty. Ltd., the music warehouse, goes back many, many years before the firm observed, about 30 years ago, the rapid advance of the town of Geelong, and decided to establish itself there. Suttons, in fact, dates from about 1853 when Mr. Richard Henry Sutton arrived in Melbourne with his young wife and daughter from England. Since that time Suttons has been associated with the sale of music and musical instruments on the goldfields at Ballarat, and afterwards in the rising town of Ballarat, at several familiar places in the city of Melbourne and at Geelong. Indeed, the history of the firm is the history of music, musical Instruments, and musical fashions in the last 70 or 80 years.

"GENERAL SUMMARY", Camperdown Chronicle (30 July 1912), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26122410


Bibliography and resources:

George Sutton, R. H. Sutton, 1854-1954 ([Melbourne: Suttons, 1954)

http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/46246804

Richard Henry Sutton, Esq. 1830-1876, an abridged history of the earlier activities of the Sutton family, compiled by George Sutton from notes and information supplied by the late Mrs. Walter Sutton and the late Alfred Sutton, Esq.





SWAIN, Mr. W.

Professor of the Pianoforte, Solfeggio, English and Italian Operatic Singing, &c

Arrived Sydney, NSW, ? May 1851


Summary:

Swain came to Sydney "from London, via New York". Early in May 1851, he offered his services as a music teacher, but later in the month added that he:

... respectfully offers his services as an experienced Tunist, &c.; he will tune square pianos for four shillings, cabinet for four and sixpence, and grand for five shillings.

In June, Arthur Graveley advertised:

SINGING FOR THE MILLION. MR. STEVENS having resigned his connexion with the People's Singing Classes for the practice of Devotional Psalmody, the Committee beg to announce the Mr. Swain, late of the Chapel Royal, Windsor, a gentleman just arrived in the colony, has accepted the professorship, and will meet the classes ...

However, Swain was in Hobart by November. According to his advertisements, he was "formerly a member of the Chapel Royal, and has followed the profession upwards of eighteen years. The following testimonials are by Judge Thornton, of Supreme Court of Alabama; Mr. Mitchell, Lay-Vicar of Windsor, and Organist of Eton;  and Mr. M'Gwinn, Recorder of San Francisco." He was in New Zealand early in 1853.


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 May 1851), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12927127

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 May 1851), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12927388

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1851), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12927590

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 June 1851), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12927649

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1851), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12928240

VOCAL. - MR. SWAIN, Professor of the Italian and English systems of Solfeggio singing, in all its branches, pianoforte, thorough-bass, &c. Morning classes of any number attended at schools, or private families, on moderate terms. Mr. S. is likewise an experienced tuner of pianos. He will tune squares for 4s. each, cabinet 4s. 6d, and grands 6s., and sing a good song afterwards, accompanying himself when desired so to do. Residence, Mrs. Shaw's boarding-house, corner of Macquarie-place and Bridge-street.

[Advertisement]: "SINGING", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1851), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12928625

[Advertisement], The Courier (29 November 1851), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2959827

[Advertisement]: "MUSIC. MR SWAIN", Colonial Times (2 December 1851), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8770419

? "Shipping Intelligence", Colonial Times (10 February 1852), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8770845

"CONCERT", The Southern Cross (7 January 1853), 2

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/DSC18530107.2.5





SWAN, John

Amateur vocalist (merchant, storekeeper)

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1826 (Hobart Town Concert)
Died Hobart, TAS, 30 April 1858, aged 62


Summary:

Swan, a Hobart tradesman and storekeeper, was elected along with John Philip Deane to an Elizabeth-street neighbourhood watch committee in September 1825. A year later he made his single documented appearance for Deane, in Hobart's first public concert.


Documentation:

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (3 September 1825), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8790591

"CRIMINAL COURT", Hobart Town Gazette (21 October 1826), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8790924

"Hobart Town Concert", Colonial Times (29 September 1826), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2448553

... Messrs. Deane, Swan, and Langford sung the Glees - "Glorious Apollo," "Fair Flora," and "The Witches." Mr. Swan sung "The Sun that Lights the Roses," and "The dearest Maid," the latter in a most masterly style. The Songs, "Death of Nelson" and "In this Cottage," were sung by Mr. Widowson; "The Wolf" by Mr. Deane; the Glee "Here in cool Grot" by Messrs. Smith, Deane, and Swan.

"HOBART TOWN CONCERTS", Hobart Town Gazette (7 October 1826), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8790789

"BIRTHS", Colonial Times (6 August 1830), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8645283

"DEATHS", The Courier (30 April 1858), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2462367

"THE LATE MR. JOHN SWAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 May 1858), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13009892

Mr. Swan was a worthy representative of that type of emigrants of whom Mr. [Henry] Hopkins is the head. He has been the architect of his own fortunes, and goes down to his grave at a ripe age, sincerely lamented by his numerous relatives and friends, and held in just and deserved esteem by a large portion of his fellow-colonists.

"THE FIRST CONCERT IN HOBART", The Mercury (11 October 1883), 2s

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9024991 





SWANNELL, Louisa (Miss Louisa SWANNELL)

Soprano vocalist ("The Australian Nightingale")

Born Radwell, Bedfordshire, England, c. 1838
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, October 1853 (per Royal Stuart, from Southampton)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1855-58

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Louisa+Swannell (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


SWANNELL, Miss (? Mary)

Pianist


Summary:

According to the 1851 census, Lousia was born at Radwell, Bedfordshire, c.1838. She was 15 years old on arrival in Melbourne, in 1853, with her widowed mother Sarah (47), and sisters Mary (23), Sarah (20), and Julia (13). According to the notice of her sister's wedding in Collingwood in January 1858, Sarah was "second daughter of the late George Swannell, Esq., of Moor End House, Hadwell, Bedfordshire. Their mother Sarah died in Melbourne on 7 March 1859, and the youngest sister, Julia, married in October that year. Louisa is last reported singing in public for a charity event in July 1858, and her mother's death may plausibly have signalled the end of her performing career. A "Miss Swannell" donated "music" (presumably sheet music) to a charitable fund raising drive in December 1862.


Documentation:

"THEATRE ROYAL, BOURKE STREET", The Age (16 January 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154850399 

On Saturday evening last a grand concert was given at this place of amusement, which was attended by a very respectable audience, the large concert room being filled to overflowing with numerous occupants; the band of the 12th regt. were present on the occasion, conducted by Mr. Callen, who performed their part with great merit. Mrs. Hancock, also, with her soft sweet voice, contributed, as usual, no inconsiderable amount of gratification, being repeatedly and deservedly encored, as was another lady, we believe a stranger amongst us, in the person of Miss Swannell, who possesses a fine full voice, and performed her part admirably, considering it was her first appearance. Mons. Coulon continues to maintain his usual popularity; he sang some of his pieces in character ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1855), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4803569

"BENDIGO", The Argus (2 April 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4806157 

PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS ... Tonight Miss Louisa Swannell, a lady who has been very favorably mentioned in the Melbourne papers, gives a concert in the Exhibition Building, in conjunction with Mr. Barlow. She will be assisted by her sister, Miss Swannell, on the pianoforte, and by Miss Byrne, a vocalist of considerable excellence.

"CONCERT HALL", The Argus (15 May 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4808121

"MISKA HAUSER", The Argus (1 June 1855), 5

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4808961

"DIARY OF OUR MELBOURNE CORRESPONDENT", The Tasmanian Daily News (6 August 1855), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article203386749 

Tuesday, 31st July. - Coppin's new theatre, the Olympic, was opened last evening ... Our journals here are so accustomed to extol every person and thing indiscriminatel, that it is difficult to arrive at a clear notion of the relative merits and demerits of actors or singers. Language, for example, is employed in describing what are discovered to be the excellencies of Miss Swannell, which would be appropriate enough in the praise of Grisi, Lind or Persiani, but is simply ridiculous in its application to a young lady who succeeds in passing the ordeal of "a free and easy," without discredit. Mr. Brooke spoke the address which was composed by the Chief Justice ...

THE "CONVERSAZIONE AT THE ATHENAEUM", The Argus (16 May 1857), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article68569120

"BENEVOLENT ASYLUM", Bendigo Advertiser (29 July 1858), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87982178 

[Advertisement], The Age (17 December 1862), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article154970442 

"MELBOURNE OLD AND NEW. A NOVEL ENTERTAINMENT", Mercury and Weekly Courier (16 June 1892), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article59754705





SWEETMAN, Charles

Musician, cornet player

Died Sydney, NSW, 31 October 1884, aged 36


Documentation:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1876), 4

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28401120

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1884), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13576816

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1884), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13585503





SWEETMAN, John

Musician, band leader

Active Sydney, NSW, by October 1859
Active Melbourne, VIC, by September 1862 (Sweetman's Brass or String Band)


Documentation:

"WATER POLICE COURT", Empire (2 November 1859), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64092279

Joseph Taylor was charged with having assaulted one John Sweetman, musician, at Manly Beach, on the 31st ultimo, by knocking him down and kicking him. The defendant was fined 10s., with constable's expenses.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 March 1860), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13038605 

THE CITY BAND is now open to engngement, in any number, brass or string. Apply JOHN SWEETMAN, 125, Clarence-etreet, Wynyard-square. N.B.- A good violin wanted.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1860), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13040516

A QUADRILLE ASSEMBLY at Mr. McMaster's THIS EVENING, at 8 o'clock. Sweetman's band in attendance.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1861), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13053843

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 September 1862), 8

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5722865

SWEETMAN'S BAND is open to ENGAGEMENT, in any number. 324, Pitt-street South. For SALE, the best Bass DRUM in colony; Harps, Cornets, &c. Remember, they are cheap.

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 August 1863), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article6488220

SWEETMAN'S BRASS, or String, BAND can be ENGAGED in any number. 163 King-street, east.





SWIFT, Thomas

Musician, viola (tenor) player, cello player (New Queen's Theatre)

Born c. 1800
Arrived Adelaide, SA, by c.1838
Died Adelaide, SA, 18 June 1860, aged "about 60" ("a colonist of upwards of 22 years' standing")

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Thomas+Swift+d1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Documentation:

"LAW AND POLICE COURTS. RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT", Adelaide Observer (8 November 1845), 6

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article158921094 

LEE v. WYATT. The plaintiff sought to recover £3 for music provided for the Courier steamer on the occasion of a trip which had been advertised, butmot performed. The defendant denied having engaged the band. John Smith, musician, had been with plaintiff to defendant's house. Lee told Wyatt that 12s. each was too little for the band, and he agreed to give £1 each. Mr. Swift, the other musician, was present ... Thomas Swift confirmed the evidence of last witness ...

[Advertisement], South Australian (29 February 1848), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71610635

... INSTRUMENTAL PERFORMERS: Leader, Mr. Lee; Mr. Richards (second violin); Mr. Thompson (violoncello); Mr. Kaebet (flute); Mr. Swift (tenor); Mr. Smith (double bass); Mr. Hewett (trombone); Mr. Poltridge (cornet a piston); Mr. Barnett (drum); Mr. Bennett will preside at the Pianoforte ...

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (22 April 1850), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207115662 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (14 October 1853), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207121090 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (6 October 1854), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article207018381 

GRAND EVENING CONCERT ... Instrumentalists: 1st Violins - Mr. P. Lee and Mr. Chapman; 2nd Ditto - Mr. Wm. Cobbin, jun., and Mr. Watts; Viola - Mr. W. Cobbin, sen.; Violincellos - Mr. J. R. Smith and Mr. Swift; Contra Bass - Mr. Betteridge; Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. McCullagh; Flutes - Mr. R. Clisby and Mr. Phillips; Oboe - Mr. Sumsion; Pianists - Mrs. Young and Mr. Linger ...

"SUDDEN DEATH AND CORONER'S INQUEST", South Australian Register (19 June 1860), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article49889295 

"SUDDEN DEATH", The South Australian Advertiser (19 June 1860), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1206289 

An inquest was held on Monday afternoon, before Dr. Woodforde, at the Edinburgh Castle, Currie-street, on the body of Mr. Thomas Swift, musician, an old, well-known, and highly respected colonist, who was struck down that afternoon, on West-terrace, in a fit of apoplexy. Dr. Ayliffe, together with some other persons, who were near the deceased at the time, were examined, the Jury returned a verdict that the deceased died from the visitation of God.





SWIFT, Mr.

Pianist, teacher of music

Active Geelong, VIC, 1850s


Documentation:

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (19 February 1853), 1s

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article94358553

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Geelong Advertiser (7 February 1856), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91866340

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (7 February 1856), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91866337

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Geelong Advertiser (12 February 1856), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91866051





SYKES, Charles

Organist

Born Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England, 1843
Arrived Dunedin, NZ, November 1862
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, April 1878


Documentation:

"65 YEARS AN ORGANIST. Recollections by Mr. Charles Sykes", The Argus (27 May 1922), 25

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4638905





SYMMONS, Charles Augustus

Amateur pianist, choirmaster

Born 1804
Arrived Perth, WA, late 1839
Died Leschenault, WA, 18 October 1887, in his 84th year


SYMMONS, Joanna (ELLIOT)

Pianist, conductor, soprano vocalist


SYMMONS, Miss

Vocalist

Active Perth, WA, 1846


Summary (after Conole):

Symmons arrived in WA in late 1839 with his wife Joanna (nee Elliot) and their family, as Protector of Natives, a post he retained until the early 1850s. He and like-minded officials helped compile and publish (1842) the first WA aboriginal language dictionary. Apart from being a major lay benefactor of the Church of England in WA and a prominent colonial public official, Symmons proved to be an important figure in local social and cultural life for decades. In his personal life, he was a convivial and good-hearted man. He was also a fine musician and served as the first choirmaster of St. Georges Church in Perth, in office 1845-53.


Documentation:

"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65582935

The performance commenced with a symphony for four hands, on the subject of the Hallelujah chorus from Beethoven's Mount of Olives, which was admirably played by Mrs. and Miss Symmons ... The celebrated air "Let the bright Seraphim", from Handel's Oratorio of "Samson", was next sung in first-rate style by Mrs. Symmons, feelingly accompanied on the piano by Mrs. Leake. We missed Harper's trumpet obligato, but in other respects there was little to desire.

"MARRIED", Inquirer (13 August 1845), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65770136

[News], The Perth Gazette (18 April 1846), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article646661

The Concert in aid of the funds for the purchase of a suitable instrument for St. George's Church, took place at the Court House, on Wednesday last. ... To the Conductor, Mrs. Symmons who had a most arduous task imposed upon her, that of accompanying every piece and taking a part in each performance, the public are greatly indebted for the trouble and pains she has taken.

"Swan River Mechanics' Institute", The Perth Gazette (23 May 1852), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3173086

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66033877

There are still many among us who remember the charming concerts given long since in Perth, and to which Mr. and Mrs. Symmons, Mr. Wittenoom, Mr. Stone, Mr. Schoales, Mr. Lochée, Mr. H. deBurgh, and Mrs. Maycock contributed their great and varied talents.

"DEATH", The West Australian (22 October 1887), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3114292


Bibliography and resources:

Peter Conole, "A colonial law man: Charles Symmons (1804-1887)"

http://policewahistory.org.au/HTML_Pages/Charles_Symmons.html 





SYMONS, Annette (Miss SPENCER)

Music teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, mid 1826-27


Documentation:

"COURT OF REQUESTS, FRIDAY, OCT. 5", The Monitor (8 October 1827), 7

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31758983

Symons and Annette his wife v. Samuel Terry. The plaintiffs had lately been resident in Sydney, but were now on their passage to England. Mrs. Symons, previously to her marriage (which took place in the Colony the latter part of last March) had given a quarter's tuition in musick to Miss Martha Terry, daughter of the defendant ... He said, his daughter had taken instructions in music from Miss Spencer, and afterwards, when she became Mrs. Symons, without his knowledge. He admitted he had heard of her, going to Mrs. Symon's lodgings, but he understood it was in the way of a friendly call.







© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2017