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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–S

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–S", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 27 June 2017

- S -

SACHS, Florentina S. (Madame SACHS)

Amateur vocalist, composer

Active Sydney, Balmain, NSW, by 1859
Died Bondi, NSW, 27 January 1907, aged 86


Madame Sachs, wife of Dr. Leopold Ferdinand Sachs, M.D. (d.1891), was named as an "amateur" in a concert at Balmain in 1859. Her Australian Volunteers' Song ("by Madame F. S. Sachs, of Balmain") was advertised by James C. Fussell in August 1861 (copy at NLA:


"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 January 1859), 7

"VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1859), 13

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1861), 1

"AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1861), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1907), 6

SADAC (? Benjamin SADAC) (? pseud.)

Bush balladist, songwriter

Active ? Melbourne, VIC, 1860s


"SADAC'S BUSH BALLADS. No.1. THE MOUNTAIN LILY (Tune: "Lilla's a lady"), The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1861), 3

"SADAC'S BUSH BALLADS. No.2. DARBY AND JOAN (Tune: "The bush aboon traquair" [The Beggar's Opera])", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1861), 5

"SADAC'S BUSH BALLADS. No.3. (ORIGINAL) THE RISING OF THE LARK", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1861), 3

NOTE. This song is set to a beautiful Welsh air, or which, though I know the tune, I forget the name. It is not, however, "The Rising of the Lark". It is sung to exact harp time. A Mr. Wilson, of Victoria, has lately introduced skylarks into that colony, the subject of this ballad is an Australian one.

"AUSTRALIAN LEAGUE ANTHEM (Tune: God preserve the Emperor Francis)", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1864), 5

? "THE VILLAGE PET. BY BENJAMIN SADAC", Illustrated Sydney News (11 January 1866), 10


Musical instrument maker, cabinet maker, carver

Arrived VDL (TAS), 1842
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), by 1849
Died Launceston, TAS, 5 September 1892, aged 76


"SERAPHINE", Launceston Examiner (4 August 1849), 5

"CHURCH MUSIC", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 August 1849), 777

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (19 August 1849), 804

"Deaths", Launceston Examiner (6 September 1892), 1 

Bibliography and resources:

Barbara Payne, "Sadler, Robert James (1846-1923)", Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

Sadler's son

SAFFERY, Edward Charles

Teacher of music, lecturer on music, piano tuner

Born Ramsgate, England; baptised 15 December 1808
Married Mary Barker, NSW, 1834
Departed Australia, ? c.1847
Died Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, 20 April 1875, "aged 64"


Saffery was the son of Thomas Norwood Saffery, musician, and Sarah Elizabeth Penfield (1776-1840); relatives include Osmond Saffery and Thomas Goodban, musicians active in Canterbury. Saffery was in Australia by 1834 when he married a convict Mary Barker; nevertheless, only four years later he was reported in the press as taking an interest in another convict woman. After being active musically in the Singleton district, Saffery disappears from Australian record after early 1847. By 1855 he was evidently in the United States, where three musical prints bear his name:

Malakoff polka (Hurrah! hurrah! Sebastopol is taken ... composed by J. A. Ross, arranged for piano by E. C. Saffery) (Boston: Oliver Ditson, 1855)

The rail-road quick step (by E. C. Saffery) (Boston: Oliver Ditson, [18-])

The Union volunteers (Song by E. C. Saffery) (Chicago: Root & Cady, 1861)

He was listed in the 1861 Canadian census, and was teaching music at the Horton Academy, Wolfville, in 1865.


"GOODBAN, THOMAS", in Sainsbury, A dictionary of musicians (1825), 287

NSW-RBDMV18341134 [18/1834]

"DRAWING", The Sydney Monitor (9 May 1838), 2

"DEATHS", The Gentleman's Magazine (July 1840), 106

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 June 1841), 4

"MUSWELL BROOK", The Maitland Mercury (11 October 1845), 3

On the evening of the 6th instant Mr. Saffery, assisted by the amateur band of Patrick's Plains, gave a musical divertisement at Muswell Brook, which was numerously and respectably attended. The pieces selected for performance might have been more interesting, yet the music went well, every exertion being made by Mr. S. and his party to give effect to what they had undertaken, and to gratify their audience. We hope at no distant day to have another opportunity of hearing Mr. Saffery, and that the success which has attended this concert will stimulate the Singleton band to increased assiduity in their musical practisings.

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (12 July 1845), 2

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (26 July 1845), 3

The lecture on music, by Mr. Saffery, went off with great eclat, last Monday night. He commenced his lecture by proving the antiquity of the science, telling the names of a variety of musical instruments, principally ancient, and then proceeded to explain the meaning of notation and accent, as applied to music. The lecture was interspersed with some very amusing anecdotes, and to convey a correct idea of accent, "Rory O'More" was played, as an illustration, with and without it. The other illustrations, vocal and instrumental, were very good, and well executed. The Singleton amateur band contributed their assistance to the amusement of the evening; and, to shew the attraction that music possesses over every other subject, the court house was more crowded than on any former occasion.


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (13 June 1846), 3

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (17 June 1846), 2

The Singleton little band, notwithstanding the removal of Mr. Saffery, did their best in the musical department.

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury (6 January 1847), 2

Thanks: For information (including image of death certificate) provided by family historian Serena McLaren (Saffery), UK.

SAGE, Bobby (Robert)

Boy chorister (Trinity Church), timber merchant

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), late 1840s
Died Launceston, TAS, 1880, in the 41st year of his age


"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (8 July 1880), 2

"REMINISCENCES", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2

ST. CLAIR, Marie (Mrs. Marie LLOYD)

Contralto, mezzo-soprano vocalist (pupil of Lucy Chambers)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1873
Died Melbourne, VIC, July 1932

ST. CLAIR, Madeline

Soprano vocalist



"MR. SUMMERS'S CONCERT", The Argus (10 November 1873), 6

"MR. A. ANDERSON'S FIRST CONCERT", South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (26 June 1875), 5

... Mdlle. St. Clair has a full, rich, sonorous voice, which is equal in power and flexibility throughout its extensive compass. She seems to have great command, and sings with ease as well as with a considerable degree of taste and expression. Senor Cecchi is not so great as a performer either in natural power or in the art of rendering the music. Still he is a good singer, and harmonised very beautifully in his duets with Mdlle. St. Clair.

"FIRST ST. CLAIR CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (10 January 1876), 7

On Saturday, January 8, Mdlle. Marie St. Clair, with a talented company, gave the first of a series of 12 concerts in White's Rooms. The programme consisted of a varied selection of vocal and instrumental music from the best composers, and the performance was good throughout. The company consists of Mdlle. St. Clair, Mrs. Smythe (formerly known as Miss Amelia Bailey), Mr. Beaumont Bead, and Mr. Edward Farley, all of whom have visited Adelaide before; and our resident professors, Mr. John Hall and Mr. Landergan ...

"THE INTERCOLONIAL EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1876), 3

... The concert on Saturday evening was a successful affair. In addition to Miss Bessie Harrison, who is a very favourite vocalist, and Mr. Andrew Fairfax, whose songs are rendered with that verve which makes them so popular, a new vocalist, Mdlle. Marie St. Clair, made her debut before a Sydney audience. This young lady is a pupil of Madame Lucy Chambers, and has evidently bestowed great pains on the cultivation of a naturally good mezzo soprano voice. The Exhibition building is not built for concerts, and is large enough to try to the uttermost the power and capabilities of any voice. Hence the musical entertainments are rarely so well heard by the audience as desirable; and the greater are the difficulties against which a stranger has to contend. Mdlle. St Clair, however, made a most favourable impression on her hearers. She sang the brindisi from "Lucretia," and a song of Sullivan's, eliciting, in the first case, the rare honour of a double encore. This young lady will, there is little doubt, prove a favourite in Sydney, especially when she has the opportunity of be heard under more favourable circumstances.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (9 October 1880), 706

Miss Marie St. Clair, one of the best contraltos we have had in the colony for many years, is, sad to say, going to leave us, and settle in Queensland; and, worse than that, is going to take her sister, Miss Madeleine St. Clair, one of the most promising sopranos who have made their debut on the Sydney stage. Miss St. Clair has always been ready to help other people, and now she herself is to have a farewell benefit concert, which will take place on Tuesday evening next at the School of Arts.

"MDLLE ST. CLAIR'S FAREWELL CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (23 October 1880), 16

"MADAME LUCY CHAMBERS", Daily Telegraph (15 December 1884), 3

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (26 December 1885), 9

The Sydney Philharmonic Society will produce Handell's [sic] "Messiah" at the Exhibition Building, on Christmas night. Mons. Henri Kowalski will act as conductor. The principal singers will be Mrs. Armstrong [Nellie Melba], Miss Marie St. Clair, Mr. Frank Boyle, and Mr. F. J. Hallewell.

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES", The West Australian (19 October 1908), 5

Many old Sydney residents will recall with pleasure the names of Marie and Madeline St. Clair, two sisters whose performances in concert, oratorio and operatic work gained for them a leading position in music circles. Both married, and for some few years retired from public life, but Marie St. Clair, pow Mdme. Lloyd, has been, for some time past teaching singing both in Melbourne and Sydney. This week she arrived in Western Australia, and proceeded to Kalgoorlie on a visit to some old. friends residing there, and it is probable that during her stay Mdme. Lloyd will make some professional appearances.

"MRS. MARIE LLOYD", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1932), 5

The death has occurred of Mrs. Marie Lloyd, formerly Marie St. Clair, who was a member of the original Gilbert and Sullivan Company in Australia. She appeared as Buttercup in the first authorised version of "Pinafore," presented by J. C. Williamson, Ltd., at the Theatre Royal, in November, 1879. Her remains were taken to Melbourne for interment in the family grave in the Roman Catholic section of the Melbourne General Cemetery.

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 July 1932), 7

"FUNERAL NOTICES", The Argus (18 July 1932), 1 

ST. CLAIR, Ernest (? Albert)

Baritone (bass) vocalist

Active 1880s


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1879), 2

"SIMONSEN'S OPERA COMPANY", The Mercury (22 November 1880), 3

Mr. St. Clair sang the music to Dick Deadeye excellently, and acted it sufficiently without making himself unnecessarily prominent, a great fault with most Deadeyes. His solo (interpolated) with chorus, at the opening of the second act, was deservedly re-demanded.

"St. Clair Comic Opera Company", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (29 December 1881), 2

ON Monday evening last the Mechanics' hall was crowded to excess, by a very respectable audience, when the above company produced Lecocq's comic opera "Girofle Girofla," each character in which was cleverly sustained. Mdlle. Marie St. Clair, as Aurore, the wife of Bolero, throws great spirit into her acting; and shows that she has studied her part to advantage, and possesses a rich and powerful contralto voice, the sweet mellowness of which entrances the listener; her depth of tone and the expression of feeling thrown into the theme in hand imparts pleasure to all. Her sister Madeline, a young lady about seventeen years of age, plays the part of the twin sisters to perfection, and being gifted with a soprano voice of large compass, and which has much improved since her last visit to Goulburn, she keeps the audience happy ... As Bolero, the husband of Aurore, Mr. Otto Fisher sustained the character well, and the feeling and humour thrown into this gentleman's acting fairly brought down the house. Mr. Ernest St. Clair as Mourzouk, in the costume of a Moorish chief, was perfect, his rich baritone voice being heard to great advantage. Mr. Henry Vaughan takes the character of Marasquin and a lover of Girofle, and goes through the several parts without a fault. He has a fair tenor voice, and used it to advantage; and in the love scene he threw much vivacity and humour. Mr. J. A. Delaney presided at the piano ... The entertainment was concluded by Sullivan's satirical operetta, "Trial by Jury", which was well sustained all through. On Tuesday evening the hall was again filled, when the company presented Offenbach's comic opera, "The Grand Duchess of Gerolstein," ...

"ERNEST ST. CLAIR V. CHARLES TURNER", South Australian Register (15 November 1883), 2s

Ernest St Clair, the plaintiff, said he was a vocalist. Had sung in public over seven years, and professionally four. Was with Williamson's Opera Company, the leading company in the colonies, and went in from the first in a leading position. Then he went in Simonsen's Company, lasting one over eighteen months, and the second six months. After that he was with the South Opera Company as baritone, travelling in New South Wales. After that he was specially engaged with Dunning's Company as baritone. Had played in thirty-five operas. Took the part of Count Arnheim in the "Bohemian Girl," Don Jose in "Maritana," Arimanes in "Satanella," Plunkett in "Martha", Bellamy in the "Hermit's Bell," Kasparin in "Der Freischutz," General Boom in "The Grand Duchess," and other parts. Mr. Smith was agent for Simonsen, and he (witness) had been under his management nearly two years and a half. He knew his capabilities well. Met Mr. Turner about nine months ago going to Brisbane ...

"ERNEST ST. CLAIR V. CHARLES TURNER", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (24 November 1883), 12 

SALAMAN, Edward (earlier and later regularly SALAMON; occasionally SALOMAN)

Pianist, conductor, Professor of Music and Singing, composer

Born ? 1818/19
Active Melbourne-Bendigo, VIC, by December 1852
Died Sandhurst, VIC, 19 September 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


According to his death record (1876), Edward Salamon was the son of Samuel Salamon and Esther Lyons; his first death notice in the Argus spells his name Salamon; however, a second notice placed by his sister gives it as Salaman, the English spelling more commonly preferred earlier in the century, and followed here, and as used most commonly in Bendigo in the 1850s and 1860s.

As "Mr. Salamon", "from the London concerts", he first appeared in Melbourne along with a company of recently arrived Londoners, including John Gregg and Charles Thatcher, in December 1852. Later claiming to be "From the Royal Academy of Music, London", he was active in Melbourne during 1853, and toured to Hobart as pianist for John Winterbottom in November.

According to eye-witness Arthur Montague (writing in 1925), he was involved with the Melbourne Philharmonic for which, in 1854, he arranged the overtures of Zampa and Der Freischutz for 6 pianos. By 1853-54, he was in Bendigo by 1853 and 1854, where he settled, and where his The Hotham galop, "A new galop ... composed by Mr. Salaman, of Sandhurst, was played before His Excellency and lady on the occasion of their visit to the Exhibition". He continued touring and was back in Hobart, playing piano for the Dons and Frederick Coppin at the Theatre Royal in February 1862, before taking over as the musical director there for the winter season.

There is a letter to the press from Salaman concerning his very popular trio Sweet is the breath of morning (programmed at one of Winterbottom's Melbourne concerts as early as 1854) while he was in Dunedin, New Zealand, in November 1862, sung again while he was still in New Zealand in March 1863 touring with Maria Carandini, Walter Sherwin, and Richard Kohler. The Howsons gave "Salaman's brilliant Trio" again in Ballarat in October 1863. The trio and six solo songs were published posthumously in 1883 (a copy of the trio survives at University of Melbourne:

According to press reports at the time, he was uncle of the English composer Edward Solomon (1855-1895), whose nautical operetta Billie Taylor was a hit in Britain and America. A year after his death his widow Annie remarried. After his death, too, Mrs. Selina Salamon, began advertising as a teacher of music in Bendigo; was she his mother, or perhaps a sister-in-law?


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

Mr Salamon, Pianist, (from the London Concerts) ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 January 1853), 7 

MR. E. SALAMON, Professor of the Pianoforte and Singing, continues to give lessons in the above accomplishments. Apply 167, Great Lonsdale-street, east.

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 February 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 July 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Courier (5 November 1853), 4

"WINTERBOTTOM'S LAST CONCERT", The Courier (10 November 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1854), 8

"BENDIGO", Colonial Times (21 September 1854), 2

"BENDIGO ... PATRIOTIC BALL", The Argus (1 October 1855), 6

"TESTIMONIAL TO MR. SALAMAN", Bendigo Advertiser (11 December 1855), 3

"MR. E. SALAMON'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (11 September 1856), 2

"LOCAL COMPOSERS. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (8 February 1859), 3

"COURT OF MINES", Bendigo Advertiser (22 February 1859), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (18 February 1862), 4

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Mercury (27 February 1862), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (14 April 1862), 1

"THE LATE CONCERT. To the Editor", Otago Daily Times (12 November 1862), 5

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (24 March 1863), 1

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (1 October 1863), 2

"Deaths", The Argus (21 September 1876), 1

SALAMON. - On the 10th inst., at his residence, Mundy street, Sandhurst, Mr. Edward Salamon, pianist, after a severe and protracted illness. New Zealand papers please copy.

"Deaths", The Argus (25 September 1876), 1 

SALAMAN. - On the 10th inst, at Sandhurst, Mr. Edward Salaman, pianist, brother to Mrs. A. Alexander, Bridge-road, Richmond. Deeply lamented.

"MARRIAGES", Bendigo Advertiser (30 November 1877), 2

"BILLEE TAYLOR", Bendigo Advertiser (21 May 1881), 1

"DIAMOND WEDDING", Bendigo Advertiser (26 August 1881), 2

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (4 April 1883), 6

... Those who remember the Bendigo diggings, and the earliest days of Sandhurst from 1852 downwards, cannot fail to have some recollection of the talented composer of these pieces, of whose presence amongst them the musical residents of the latter place were justly proud in those now distant days. He was musical director for Lady Don and other celebrities in the lime when the two Shamrocks, one at Sandhurst and the other at Epsom, were nightly giving admirable concerts under the management of Messrs. Heffernan and Crowley, when all the great singers of the day took their turn of duty in the golden city, and when Lavenu and Pollard were the leading accompanists, and when Salamon was their equal in talent in every respect.

"AN OLD BENDIGONIAN", Bendigo Advertiser (2 May 1884), 2



Prominent Sydney auctioneer Edward Salamon (d.1860) also occasionally advertised musical instruments for sale: [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1855), 3:; "THE LATE EDWARD SALAMON. To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 November 1860), 3:

Our musician appears not to have been a close relative of Charles Kensington Salaman:,_Charles_Kensington_(DNB12)



Contralto vocalist

Active Bendigo, 1857


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 February 1857), 3

SALAMON, Selina, R.A.M.

Teacher of the pianoforte and singing

Active Bendigo 1877; Sydney 1878


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (31 March 1877), 3

MRS. SELINA SALAMON, of Royal Academy of Music, London, Teacher of the Pianoforte and Singing, is prepared to Receive a Limited Number of Pupils; Residence-Mundy-street, Sandhurst.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (9 October 1877), 1

[News], Bendigo Advertiser (22 January 1878), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (22 February 1878), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1878), 1

SALIER, John Jabez

Conductor, vocal instructor, vocalist, lecturer

Born London, 12 December 1821 (son of Revd George Cody SALIER and Ann HAYATT)
Active Hobart, TAS, by April 1851
Died Arncliffe, NSW, 27 October 1884, aged 64 years


Active in Hobart by late 1850, John Salier was conducting a singing class, "on Hullah's system", at Hobart's Mechanics' Institute in April 1851, as well as giving musical entertainments; he continued the class into 1853 with the help of William Russell.


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (20 December 1850), 3

"THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTION", Colonial Times (29 April 1851), 2

"INTELLECTUAL AND MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Colonial Times (17 October 1851), 3

"MUSICAL LECTURE", Colonial Times (13 February 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (31 October 1853), 3


"TESTIMONIALS", Colonial Times (10 February 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (14 May 1855), 3

"SUDDEN DEATH", Singleton Argus (29 October 1884), 2

Mr. John Salier, late Public school teacher, and well known in the musical profession, was coming into town this morning to give a music lesson when he fell down in a epileptic fit and died shortly afterwards.

"NEW SOUTH WALES", The Australasian (1 November 1884), 28: 2014, 

The death is announced of Mr. John Salier, for many years identified with Congregationalism, and widely know and respected as the organiser and leader of the children's service of song in connexion with that body.



Active Sydney, NSW, 1845


"MR. DEANE'S CONCLUDING LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Australian (11 September 1845), 3

Burns' famous drinking song "Willie brewed a Peck o'Maut" was admirably sung and acted, too, by Messrs. Waller, Mountcastle, and Salter, but not to Burns' music. We could not, like the stranger, exclaim we had "heard that air before", nevertheless, a beautiful air it was, and elicited the rapturous encore it so well deserved.

[Advertisement], The Weekly Register of Politics, Facts and General Literature (20 December 1845), 299

SALVADO, Frutos (Miguel; Santos)

Benedictine monk, organist, composer

Born Tuy, Galicia, 11 July 1811 (elder brother of Rosendo Salvado, below)
Active Western Australia, c.1868-79
Died Pontevedra, Spain, 17 April 1894 (NLA persistent identifier)

Bibliography and resources:

Carreira 1989

SALVADO, Rosendo

Pianist, composer, music teacher, Benedictine monk, transcriber of Indigenous song

Born Tuy, Galicia, Spain, 1 March 1814
Arrived (1) Fremantle, WA, January 1846; departed 1849 (for Europe)
Arrived (2) Perth, 1853; New Norcia, from 1857 (abbot, from 1867)
Died Rome, Italy, 29 December 1900 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



[News], The Perth Gazette (23 May 1846), 2

Pursuant to announcement, Don Rosendo Salvado gave a Dell' Academia di Piano-Forte at the Court House, Perth, on Thursday last, the object being for the benefit of the natives of Nursia, where this gentleman has taken up his abode, and is most indefatigably and strenuously carrying out a system of civilization among the aboriginal inhabitants of that portion of our territory. The devoted zeal with which Mr. Salvado has entered upon such an enterprise, commends him to our favourable consideration, and whether he be Roman Catholic or Protestant, his endeavours to attain such an end should not be viewed with anything like sectarian principles. That we have neglected to accomplish - Mr. Salvado promises to accomplish - it will be high time to exult over his failure - if perchance it should occur, but, in the interim, we should pause - before we cast unjust reflections upon his endeavours and pronounce his energies faulty - because he is a Roman Catholic. Such illiberal notions may be in some men's minds, but we sincerely hope they are not prevalent throughout the Protestant community.

It was a matter of surprise to us, in which opinion we have reason to believe the public concurred, that any individual should undertake the task of amusing an audience for three hours by his sole exertions. Such an end has seldom or ever been attained, but we must pronounce this an unique performance, the Piano was made to discourse most eloquent music under the touch of Mr. Salvado - sounds were produced which could not be anticipated out of any instrument. The principal selections were from works of the modern school; as they required action and the vocal addenda, the principal interest was lost. However to make amends for this, the style of Mr. Salvado's playing, as far as could be effected on a piano, was most distinguished. Our younger branches of the community who have a taste for music, and are in the habit of practising, must have gleaned much intelligence and practical knowledge from this exhibition. It is much to be regretted that Mr. Salvado should resign himself to a bush life, where his eminent talents must be wasted; it is a serious loss to the community, and we seriously apprehend that his enthusiasm in the cause he has undertaken, will be ill requited. May it be otherwise, and restore to the civilized portion of this territory, the talent - of so deserving, meritorious, and distinguished an assistant in the cause of harmony, whether with the blacks or the whites.

[News], Inquirer (27 May 1846), 3

On Thursday last, Don Rosendo Salvado, one of the Roman Catholic Missionaries, gave a Soirée Musicale at the Court house, Perth, in aid of the funds for his mission to convert and civilise the aborigines of this territory; the zealous missionary having devoted himself to this task, and already taken up his abode in the bush, in the neighbourhood of the Moore River.

The entertainment was limited to Don Rosendo's own performances on the pianoforte, with the addition of one Spanish national song, which Don Rosendo gave with a spirit and finish which we have heard much admired. With respect to Don Rosendo's capabilities, he is most undoubtedly a very fine performer, having a command over his instrument such as is only possessed by first-rate players. He has, besides, a most extraordinary natural talent for music, which enables him to improvise the most charming fugues, either upon some well-known air, or upon some theme composed by himself on the instant; the latter being, in our opinion, by far the most effective part of his performances.

The pieces played on Thursday last were mostly out of the Opera of Norma, and we are quite ready to believe that the delightful airs with which this opera abounds, received new point and beauty from the genius of the performer. We have heard the number of visitors estimated at about 60, which would make the proceeds somewhere about £8 or £9.

Selected musical works:

Fantasia, variaciones y final para piano-forte, compuestas y dedicadas a la excelentisima señora Condesa Lebzenltern (DIGITISED)

Gran walz fantastic o sea, un cuarto de ora en la Tertulia, compuesto y dedicado a la senora Marquesa Santasilia 

Missa a 4 voces, R. Salvado, OSB [Mass in C major for 4 mixed voices] (DIGITISED)

Pequeño entretenimiento con aire de marcha compuesto y dedicado a la virtuosa señorita Paquita Patrelli por Rosendo Salvado 

"Maquielo: cancion de baile de los Australianos occidentales", in Salvado 1853, unnumbered page after 314 (DIGITISED)

See main entry on this transcription in checklist of Indigenous songs


Select bibliography and resources:

"MARZO. Dia 1, 1814", in Baltasar Saldoni, Diccionario Biográfico- bibliogárfico de efemérides de músicos españoles ... tomo segundo (Madrid: Antonio Perez Dubrull, 1880), 61-63 

Giminez 1967 

Carreira 1989

Ros 1992 

Special care notice:

Salvado's legacy at New Norcia has become a contested subject, and inevitably his musical activities are also now being subjected to closer scrutiny. As early as 1903, the Indigenous activist A. M. Fernando quoted an Indigenous worker at New Norcia as answering his question "How do they treat you?": "When the Bishop [Salvado] was alive it was bad enough but now it is worse" (in Fiona Paisley, The lone protester, 27: As a missionary educator, Salvado, stands accused of regularly "removing" Aboriginal children without permission from their parents' custody; Salvado sent five young Aboriginal children (the youngest aged seven) to Europe to be educated in church institutions there, with the tragic result that all died there, the last in 1855; see Stephen Hills, "'The grand experiment of the civilisation of the Aborigines': a missionary endeavour in Western Australia", in Amanda Barry, Joanna Cruickshank, Andrew Brown-May and Patricia Grimshaw (eds), Evangelists of empire?: missionaries in colonial history,(Melbourne: University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2008), 145-59: 


Amateur choral singer, composer, architect

Born c.1843/4
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1861 (or earlier) (described 1874 as an "old colonist")
Died Richmond, VIC, 18 June 1902, aged 58


[News], The Argus (1 October 1874), 5

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (1 February 1876), 5

[News], The Argus (5 August 1876), 7

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (18 July 1877), 6

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (5 February 1878), 7

... "All are Sleeping," composed for and dedicated to the Metropolitan Liedertafel by an accomplished amateur who modestly hides his name under the initials W. S., and is known here in musical circles by the works he has published under the nom de plume "Sidonia".

"METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (1 October 1878), 6

"MUSIC", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 March 1890), 9

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 June 1902), 9


So far away, written by Emery Gould, composed by Sidonia, dedicated to Miss Lennon, Geelong (Melbourne: Lee & Kaye, [1876]) (DIGITISED)

Remembrance, song, words by Hamilton Aide, music by Sidonia (Melbourne: Allan & Co. (Wilkie's), [? 1880-]) (DIGITISED)

"LOVE AND THEE", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 March 1890), 12 (DIGITISED)

SANDER, Conrad

Bandsman (Burton's Band)

Active SA, 1856


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same.

SANDON, Charles Thomas

Music publisher, stationer (? violinist)

Active Sydney, by 1854
Died Balmain West, Sydney, 4 January 1900, aged 75


[Advertisement], Empire (10 April 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1856), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1875), 1

"Our Sydney Letter", The Queenslander (21 April 1877), 26

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1900), 1


Undine polka (1856) (also advertised as "Ondine Polka")

The last rose of summer (1856)

Heartease (ballad; composed ... by Glentworth Addison) (Sydney: Sandon & Co., [1858])

The red, white and blue ("a popular national air") (1856)

Le pillet ("composed by Edwin H. Cobley") (1860)

Loyalty! or, God save our queen ("words by C. et A.; music by Charles S. Packer" (Sydney: C. T. Sandon, 1883)


Vocalist, guitar player (New Orleans Serenaders; Howard's Serenaders)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852


[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (14 February 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1852), 1


Baritone vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1881 (per Ringarooma, from New Zealand, with the Lynch family of bellringers)
Died ? Melbourne, VIC, 24 October 1922, aged 66 years"Alfred+Santley" (TROVE search)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Bendigo Advertiser (27 February 1880), 2

[Advertisement], Oamaru Mail (7 April 1880), 3

MR. ALFRED SANTLEY (Primo Baritone and Comique from the Principal London Birmingham, and Manchester Theatres, His First Appearance in New Zealand.)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (7 January 1881), 4

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (1 March 1881), 2

"THE LYNCH FAMILY", Launceston Examiner (2 May 1882), 2

"HUGO'S BUFFALO MINSTRELS", Bendigo Advertiser (20 April 1885), 2

"TELEGRAPHIC", Launceston Examiner (13 March 1889), 2

"Crystal Theatre", Barrier Miner (23 December 1898), 4

The Theatre will be in full swing again on Boxing Night with the performance of the Austral Minstrel Variety Company, the members of which will arrive by express from Melbourne tomorrow morning. A number of thc performers are well known to Broken Hill, including Mr. Dave Gardner, who appeared here some time ago with "Tommy" Hudson's Surprise Porty, and Messrs. John Matlock and Alf. Santley, late of Hugo's Buffalo Minstrels ...

? "DEATHS", The Argus (28 October 1922), 11

SANTLEY, Charles

Baritone vocalist

Born UK, 28 February 1834
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 12 May 1889 (per R.M.S. Oceana)
Departed Adelaide, SA, July 1890
Died UK, 22 September 1922 (NLA persistent identifier)


"VISIT OF MR. SANTLEY TO AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1889), 7

"MR. CHARLES SANTLEY", South Australian Register (13 May 1889), 7

... he said that his object in visiting the colonies was partly with a view to business, as well as with the object of getting a respite from the arduous duties of his engagements in England ... As to the opinion of English people on music in Australia, Mr. Santley remarked that very little is thought or cared for on this subject. He was reticent in expressing any opinion respecting Mr. Cowen's claim to have elevated the taste for music in Australia ... To day Mr. Santley will be publicly received and welcomed to the colony by His Worship the Mayor in the Town Hall at noon ... The members of the Adelaide Musical Association are expected to be present, and sing an "Ode of welcome" specially composed for the occasion.

"Visit of Mr. Santley. Arrival in Broken Hill", Barrier Miner (26 June 1890), 2

"MR. SANTLEY AND HIS TROUBLES", Freeman's Journal (19 July 1890), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Santley 1909, Reminiscences of my life

Includes a detailed account of his voyage and Australian tour

"Charles Santley", Wikipedia

SAPIO, Clementine De Vere

Soprano vocalist

Born Paris, 1864
Died 1954

SAPIO, Romualdo

Pianist, conductor

Born Palermo, Sicily, 1858
Died 1943

Arrived (1) Adelaide, 2 May 1894 (per Ville de la Ciotat, with Camilla Urso's company)
Departed (1) Melbourne, November 1894
Arrived (2) Sydney, January 1902
Departed (2) Perth, March 1902



"ADELAIDE", The Argus (3 May 1894), 6

"ROMUALDO SAPIO", The Mercury (31 May 1894), 3

"SAPIO AND URSO CONCERTS", South Australian Register (22 October 1894), 7

"Signora De Vere Sapio", Australian Town and Country Journal (18 January 1902), 42

Bibliography and resources:

Recording (1914) Valse de serpents:

SAQUI, Austin

Pianist, band leader

Active Beechworth, VIC, by April 1855
Died Clifton Hill, Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1889, aged 54


The son of Isaac Saqui (1817-1873), "professor of music" of London, Austin Saqui was working in hotels in the northern Victorian goldfields in 1855, as this report from Beechworth (Ovens and Murray Advertiser), in April-May, reveals:

A grand vocal and instrumental concert was to take place yesterday evening at the Salle de Valentino, but has been postponed until Tuesday evening, owing to the inclemency of the weather, We have really some excellent musical artistes now at Beechworth, an addition having been made to their number during the past week, by the arrival of Messrs. Peck and Saqui, the former a violinist of some celebrity; and we anticipate a great treat at their first concert.

The Peck in question was indeed the "violinist of some celebrity", George Peck; he and Saqui played at the concert room of the Eldorado Hotel, Beechworth in April (the venue in 1857 to be visited by Octavia Hamilton and Emile Coulon). Peck's main interest in the tour, however, may have been to run one of his trademark art unions, which he reportedly duly did at the Eldorado in June.

Saqui was still working in Beechworth in June 1857. Patterson reproduces a letter from Saqui, written from Beechworth, that was printed in the Bendigo press in September 1857, prior to a projected visit there. Saqui there identifies his band as consisting of "Mr. Austin Saqui, Pianist; W[illiam] Radford, Violinist; F. Percy, Bass; W. Harrison, Tenor, Charles Oakey, Comic".

Later in Melbourne, Saqui was a bookmaker and a racehorse owner; his horse Warrior won the 1869 Melbourne Cup. Recalling that even in 1910, the Sydney Mail's turf historian "Milroy" recorded:

Saqui was a musician attracted to Victoria by the glitter of gold in the digging days, but he quickly forsook the piano for the [bookmaker's] pencil, and at one time was a very wealthy man, but I have heard he died very poor indeed.


"GOLD FIELDS OF THE OVENS DISTRICT", Portland Guardian (7 May 1855), 3

"MR. PECK'S ART UNION", The Argus (3 July 1855), 5

"THE OVENS. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.) Beechworth, 27th Nov., 1855", The Argus (4 December 1855), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 December 1866), 8

"Deaths", The Argus (18 November 1873), 1

"Deaths", The Argus (30 August 1889), 1

"NOTES", The Sydney Mail (2 November 1910), 25,1518814


Richard Patterson, Nobblers and lushingtons: a history of the hotels of Beechworth and the Ovens District (Beechworth: Endymion, 2009)

SARGOOD, Frederick Thomas

Musical amateur, vocalist, philanthropist

Born Walworth, Surrey, England, 30 May 1834
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 12 February 1850 (per Clifton)
Died (on holiday) New Zealand, 2 January 1903 (NLA persistent identifier)

SARGOOD, Marian Australia (Miss ROLFE)

Amateur pianist, vocalist

Born Middlesex, England, 1839
Died Rippon Lea, Melbourne, 6 January 1879, aged 40


Daughter of merchant George Rolfe, Marian Rolfe married Frederick Sargood at St. Kilda on 9 September 1858. From 1868 the Sargoods lived in their new Melbourne mansion Rippon Lea. Evidently like her husband a keen musical amateur, probably a pianist and vocalist, Marian Sargood's musical legacy consists at least three albums of songs and piano pieces, each including a few Australian publications, and compiled from individual printed sheets collected during the 1850s and 1860s, which she then had bound.

Two of these albums are in public collections:

A third album, held privately by her descendent Beverley Stevens (NZ), was collected by Marian Rolfe c.1853-56, contents given below.


"MARRIAGE", The Argus (14 September 1858), 4

"Deaths", The Argus (24 January 1879), 1

"THE LATE SIR FREDERICK SARGOOD", The Argus (19 January 1903), 5

...the firing party, from the Field and Garrison Artillery, who were ... formed in front of the grave, fired three volleys of blank cartridge as a last salute, and as the echoes of the firing died away the members of the Metropolitan Liedertafel, of which the late Sir Frederick Sargood was president, sang Sullivan's beautiful part song, "The Long Day Closes," under the conductorship of Mr. Ernest Wood. Then the great crowd quietly dispersed.

Bibliography and resources:

John Rickard, Sargood, Frederick Thomas (1834-1903), Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Contents of Marian Rolfe album (private collection; Australian works/prints bold):

1 The Melbourne varsovienne (Composed by G. M. Weinritter) (Melbourne: for the author by J. Wilkie, [185-?])
2 Sontag polka (Composed/Arranged by Charles D'Albert) (London: Chappell, [nd] copy inscribed: "Marian A. Rolfe, July 1856"
3 Wanda varsovienne (by Réné Favarger, Dedicated a Miss Powell) (London: Cramer Beale & Co.)
4 The kangaroo hunt polka (Composed by G. M. Weinritter) (Melbourne: for the author by Joseph Wilkie, [185-?])
5 The Victorian waltz (Composed by Mrs. Charles Terry) (Melbourne: Cyrus Mason. Lith, [???])
6 Mazurka brilliante, etude (By Adrien Talexy) (London: Addison & Hollier,) cover inscribed: "Marian Australia Rolfe"
7 Echos du theatre, Don Carlos, Set 1. Fra Diavolo (By Alphonse Santillane (sets 2-4 not included -  2. Puritani, 3. Ernani, 4. Rigoletto) (London: Leoni Lee); cover inscribed: "Marian A. Rolfe"
8 The King Pippin waltz (composed by Charles D'Albert, arranged by Edward F. Rimbault;  from a series of a series of 24 favourite melodies arranged by Edward F. Rimbault for The Young Pupil and expressly intended to follow the Instruction Book (London: Chappell); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe"
9 Varsoviana nationale (composed by Aplhonse Leduc) (London: Robert Cocks & Co., [?] [with brief instructions on the steps for the Varsoviana and for the Polka Mazurka or Redowa]; cover inscribed "M. A. Rolfe"
10 The may-bells (by Mendelssohn arranged by William Hutchins Callcott) (London: Addison & Hollier); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, February / 5 (?6), Melbourne"
11 The wedding march (composed by Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy) (London: Metzler & Co); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, March / 56"
12 Morceau elegante (Sur la Cavatine favorite de l'opera de Bellini "Montecchi E Capuletti" Par Ferdinand Beyer) [publisher details missing, cover torn]; cover inscribed: "Rolfe"
13 Il mio tesoro (From Mozart's Don Giovanni, Transcribed by G. A. Osborne) (London: Addison & Hollier)
14 Luisa Miller (No 8 of Operatic Airs for the Pianoforte by J. Rummel (London: Cramer Beale & Co.)
15 Ellen, mazurka brilliante et facile (par P. De Vos; Dedicated a Miss E. Leary) (London: Cramer Beale & Co)
16 La plui de perles, valse brilliant (par G. A. Osborne; Dedicated to Miss Grace Chappell) (London: Jullien & Co.); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe"
17 Home, sweet home (no. 4. Of Household Melodies arranged by J. M. Gibson) (London: Duff & Hodgson); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, Aug. 7/53"
18 Le Jet de Perles, Grande Polka Brilliante (By W. Neuland) (London: Leoni Lee)
19 Largo al factotum (From the opera of the Barber of Seville composed by Rossini arranged as a pianoforte piece) (No. 46 of Davidson's Popular Piano Pieces) ([London]: )
20 Dans ces instants; ou, Le coeur pense (no. 3 of the Oeuvres Choises by J. Rummel) (London: Wessell & Co.)
21 Auf Leichtem Zweig (no. 17 of the Oeuvres Choises by J. Rummel) (London: Wessell & Co.)
22 De conte, conte li prendi (From Bellini's opera Norma; arranged for the pianoforte by Henri Schubert) (London: H. White)
23 Herz Mein Herz (by Weber; Arranged for the Piano Forte with a Flute or Violin) (London: H. White); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, Aug. /5[?]
24 La Germandrée valse (par Stephen Glover) (London: Duff and Hodgson); cover inscribed: "M. A. Rolfe, [date illegible]")

My thanks: To Sargood descendent Beverley Stevens for kindly supplying information about the family album in her possession (May 2013)

SAUERBIER, Gus. (August)

Pianist, composer (Late Pianist and Composer of the Tom Thumb Troupe)

Died Sydney, NSW, May 1888



Died ? Sydney, NSW, 1 August 1925


"ARRIVED", The Argus (8 September 1870), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1872), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1876), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1880), 2

"DIVORCE COURT", Evening News (20 May 1885), 6

August Sauerbier, the petitioner, deposed that he was married to the respondent, Maria Sauerbier (then Kell) on April l, 1869, and for two years they lived comfortably together. There were two surviving daughters of the marriage. The witness was a musician by profession, and then left on a tour with a travelling entertainment, and was away for two years, giving her ample means of maintenance during that time. Shortly after his return, he found that his wife was giving way to drink and to stopping out at nights. Subsequent information convinced him that she was leading an immoral life, and these proceedings were ultimately begun.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1887), 2

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 May 1888), 24

"IN MEMORIAM", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1926), 10  


Vocalist (a pupil from the Royal Academy of Music)

Born England, 1831
Arrived Adelaide, late 1857
Died 1891


Thanks to John Bishop of Adelaide for sharing information on his great-great grandmother. She came to Adelaide late in 1857 to marry her cousin, Robert Caldicott. She first appeared in public as Miss Saunders (accompanied by her cousin Harriet Caldicott) in April 1858, and again at Cesar Cutolo's concert in November as Mrs. Caldicott.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 April 1858), 1

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (28 April 1858), 3

Miss Saunders, a young lady, a pupil from the Royal Academy of Music, next made her debut before a South Australian audience. She possesses a fine voice highly cultivated, and, notwithstanding the nervous diffidence inseparable perhaps from a first appearance, acquitted herself in a charming manner. The air "Vaga Luna", by Belllini, was judiciously chosen, and her delightful execution of it elicited a spontaneous and hearty burst of applause, which was followed by an imperative redemand. Miss Saunders was accompanied by Miss Caldicott, an accomplished pianist. 

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (30 June 1858), 2

"ST. PAUL'S CHURCH CONVERSAZIONE", South Australian Register (23 October 1858), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (25 November 1858), 1


"Dancing master", "music master"

Born England, c.1799/1800
Active New South Wales, from c.1815


Proceedings of the Old Bailey, Fifth Session, 1814, 287 

542. ISAAC SAUNDERS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 26th of April, two seals, value 30s. and a gold ring, value 4s. the property of John Jones, from his person ...

"OLD BAILEY, May 31", Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser (1 June 1814), 3

... T. Jones, J. Bainbridge, H. Hart, J. Williams, A. George, and I. Saunders to be transported for life ...

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2002, Convict theatres, 143-47, 310 notes 17 and 20

[147] ... On a list of those saling for Port Macquarie on 26 November 1823 he appeared as serving a three-year colonial sentence and was listed ... as a dancing master. By July 1829, when sent to the Phoenix hulk to serve a further 12-month sentence for theft, he was being described as a music master ...

SAUNDERS, William (R.A.M.)

Pianist, harpist

Arrived Sydney, by December 1870


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 December 1870), 1

MR. WILLIAM SAUNDERS, R.A.M., Harpist from the Royal Italian Opera, Covent Garden, having just arrived from London, is prepared to receive Pupils for HARP and PIANO. N.B. Colleges, private academies, concerts, and quadrille assemblies attended. 40, Buckingham-street, near Exhibition Building.


"LAUNCESTON", The Mercury (17 May 1875), 2

"FIGARO'S AT HOME", Queensland Figaro and Punch (5 December 1885), 33


Tenor vocalist, violinist

Active Melbourne, from 1853; Ballarat from 1857

SAYERS, William


Active Gulgong, NSW, 1873


W. F. Sayer, "from the London Concerts", was newly arrived in Melbourne in February 1853. He was in Ballarat by November 1857, when he took his benefit at the Montezuma Theatre. He appeared with Julia Harland, Octavia Hamilton and John Gregg in Balfe's Bohemian Girl at Ballarat's Theatre Royal in January 1859.


[Advertisement], The Argus (7 February 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 February 1853), 6

"THE WEEKLY CONCERT", The Argus (3 March 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Star (10 November 1857), 3


[Advertisement], The Star (26 March 1858), 3

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (25 January 1859), 2

"GULGONG. AMUSEMENTS", Empire (12 May 1873), 3

On Saturday night last a complimentary benefit was given at the Prince of Wales Opera House to Mr. William Sayers, a very clever musician and violinist in the orchestra of the theatre for a long time. Mr. Sayers had been laid up for nearly two months by a serious illness, so that apart from his excellent musical ability he had claims upon the public. It is to be regretted that the house was not better filled.


Harp player, photographer

Born Vienna, Austria
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, October 1880
Buried Nanango, QLD, 2 July 1920, aged 64


"THE AUSTRIAN STRAUSS BAND", The Argus (11 October 1880), 6

"ROYAL PRINCESS THEATRE. THE AUSTRIAN STRAUSS BAND", Bendigo Advertiser (22 December 1880), 2

[News], Maryborough Chronicle (20 February 1886), 2

In the next item, the "Anvil Chorus", the audience were evidently so pleased that an encore was willingly granted. It was probably the best chorus of the evening, and Herr Saxperger attacked the anvil right lustily with a tack hammer, producing a tuneful and pleasing effect, and his efforts had no doubt some weight in bringing down the house.

"HERR KOHLER'S LAST CONCERT", Maryborough Chronicle (28 October 1886), 2

Herr Saxperger is an accomplished harpist, and, when listening to the lovely tones of this instrument, the thought will intrude: how is it the harp is becoming an instrument of the past?

"Our Nanango Letter", Queensland Times (16 May 1903), 3


The Austrian Strauss Band (1880-81)

SCARFE, Henry Cornelius

Vocalist, leader of a juvenile temperance band

Born Bury St. Edmunds, England, 1816
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1854 (per Leuconia)
Died Adelaide, SA, 30 October 1895, in his 80th year


"PORT ELLIOT", The South Australian Advertiser (19 May 1862), 3

Mr. Scarfe's juvenile band ... consisted of the following Sunday scholars: - Arthur Scarfe, Samuel Trigg, and William Harding, fifes; Walter Scarfe, drummer: and Jabez Golding, triangle; Mr. Scarfe leading on the fife. (24 May 1862): By 1 o'clock the children were all formed into marching order, Mr. Scarfe's juvenile band striking up the tune of "There is a happy land" arranged as a march.

"PORT ELLIOT", South Australian Register (24 May 1862), 3

"PORT ELLIOT", South Australian Register (2 January 1863), 3

"PORT ELLIOT", South Australian Register (21 April 1863), 3

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (25 April 1863), 7

"DEATH OF MR. H. C. SCARFE", Chronicle (2 November 1895), 16

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (5 November 1895), 7


Music master

Born London, England, 15 January 1802
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 10 August 1823 (free per Francis, from England)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, September 1823
Died NSW, 1 November 1855, aged 53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


A convict John Scarr (per Surry) of Windsor was granted a ticket of leave in July 1823. However, this appears not to have been the John Scarr who advertised as a music master in Sydney in October that year. We can safely trace Scarr's arrival in Hobart on the Francis in August and, perhaps having already found John Philip Deane established there as music master, his departure for Sydney shortly afterward. After Robert McIntosh several years earlier, Scarr, claiming to be a pupil of Cramer and Dale (probably either J. B. or William Cramer, and either Joseph of James Dale) was only the second music master to advertise in the Sydney press:

INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC AND SINGING. Mr. John Scarr, lately arrived in the Colony per Brig Francis, avails himself of this Opportunity to acquaint the Public, that it is his Intention to establish himself in New South Wales, as a Music Master, confining himself to the Use of the Piano-forte and Singing. Having made the Study of Music his Profession, under those experienced and admired Masters, Cramer and Dale, J. S. anticipates the gratification of giving satisfaction to those who may deem his Services worthy their Notice. J. S. will give Lessons either at his own Lodgings, or attend his Pupils at their Residence; has no objection to attend Families in the Country once in three weeks, provided he meets with sufficient encouragement. From professional skill and experience, J. S. will undertake to tune Piano-fortes, on moderate terms. Any Person, in want of a square Piano-forte, will be accommodated, having brought one for Sale; Maker's Name, Stodart. Address 89, Pitt-street.

Scarr appeared in the Sydney Concerts in December 1826, when the Gazette judged his vocal performances wanting:

A Mr. Scarr appeared this evening for the first time. His voice is not devoid of sweetness, nor uncultivated, but it wants the softness of Mr. Clark's tones, for which reason, we think, the parts sustained in the glees by the former, would have been more effectively performed by the latter gentleman, whose voice, in our opinion, would have harmonized better with those of Mrs. Paul and Mr. Edwards.

The Australian concurred, but with a caveat:

A Mr. Scarr appeared in the Orchestre; this gentleman attempted some airs; but he was not quite fortunate. Mr. S. is a good instrumental performer.

By late 1827 Scarr was clerk of court at Penrith and Campbell-Town, where married in 1830. He appears to have taken no further professional interest in music. He made a painting of his home, Aird Cottage, in 1828, and he himself sat for several portraits. Later he also owned property at Marengo (Murringo). He died in Sydney in 1855 and was buried at Campbelltown.


"PUBLIC NOTICE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 July 1823), 1

"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette (23 August 1823), 2

[Hobart ship news], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 September 1823), 2

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (13 September 1823), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 October 1823), 2s

"The Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (6 December 1826), 3

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Australian (6 December 1826), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Monitor (8 December 1826), 3

"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 March 1830), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1855), 8

Bibliography and resources:

John Scarr, DAAO

Colonial Secretary's Office: 1823 Oct 13 Intending to become a music master in the Colony (Reel 6059; 4/1773 p.16)

SCHARF, Eduard


Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, by July 1892
Arrived (2) Melbourne, by August 1896
Died Munich, Germany, 26 January 1928


From Album of identification photographs of enemy aliens (civilian and prisoner of war) interned at Liverpool Camp, NSW, during World War I


"THEATRES AND ENTERTAINMENTS", The Argus (23 July 1892), 9

"MUSIC. CONCERTS, &c.", The Australasian (26 June 1897), 35

"HERR EDUARD SCHARF", South Australian Register (22 April 1898), 6

"UNIVERSITY STAFF. GERMANS EXCLUDED", The Australasian (11 December 1915), 46

"CONCERTS", The Australasian (31 March 1928), 19

Mr. Eduard Scharf, a brilliant pianist, who lived in Melbourne for some years, died at Munich, Bavaria, on January 26. Mr. Scharf, who was born in Baden, Germany, received his musical education at the Leipzig Conservatoire, and had early success as conductor of the Municipal Opera Company at Metz. For three years, he was a conductor of French opera in various countries of Europe. At Bayreuth he met Ovide Musin, the celebrated Belgian violinist; and for 10 years he travelled with Musin in many countries. In 1898 Mr. Scharf settled in Melbourne, where he became first piano teacher of the Marshall-Hall Conservatorium. For a number of years he taught at the University Conservatorium, and many of the present Melbourne teachers were among his pupils. The war interfered with Mr. Scharf's career in Australia, and when peace was restored he returned to Germany. His wife and his son, Theodor, had gone to Munich earlier for the purpose of the son's education in art. Mr. Theodor Scharf's work in several mediums has become well known in Munich. Recently he married and went to live in Berlin.

Musical editions:

Symphony in E-flat by G. W. L. Marshall-Hall; fur Klavier zu 4 Handen bearbeitet von Eduard Scharf (Leipzig: Breitkopf & Hartel, 1905)


Friend and colleague of G. W. L. Marshall-Hall; father of Theodor Scharf (artist); teacher of Louise Hanson-Dyer

SCHEDE, Herman

Pianist, German interpreter

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1856


"LETTER LIST", The Argus (27 July 1855), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (17 May 1856), 3

WANTED. - A Pianist is open for engagement. Address H. Schede, Cafe Paris, Market-square.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (17 July 1856), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 February 1857), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (30 December 1861), 3

SCHEINPFLUG, William G. (Wilhelm)

Flautist, teacher of music

Arrived Adelaide, SA, by November 1894


"HERR HOPP'S LEIPZIG INSTRUMENTAL COMPANY", South Australian Register (22 November 1894), 7

"LEIPZIG INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT COMPANY", The Advertiser (20 November 1894), 6

"SOCIAL ITEMS", Evening News (22 November 1902), 3s

SCHILLER, Madeline

Pianist, piano teacher

Born London, England, 8 November 1843
Active Australia, 1871-72, 1887-89
Died New York, USA, 3 July 1911 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Bibliography and resources:

"Madeline Schiller", Wikipedia 

SCHINCH, Miss (?)


Active Ballarat, VIC, 1861


"DINNER TO HENRY S. LEAKE", The Star (19 July 1861), 1s

SCHLUE, Charles

Musician, composer


Musician, bandsman

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by August 1854

SCHLUE, Mrs. (Henry)



[Advertisement], The Argus (24 August 1854), 8

LIGHTNING Band, newly arrived, consisting of eleven in number, is open for Engagements. The above band will be successful in any kind of performance for Concerts, Balls, and Parties. Apply to Henry Schlue ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 January 1855), 8

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (22 November 1855), 4

"POLICE. CITY COURT", The Argus (21 July 1858), 1s

Charles Schlue was charged with stealing two shirts, the property of his employer, a German musician named Jacob Young, living at North Melbourne. The prisoner was one of a German band, and the prosecutor, on the previous night, had locked him up in a room, in consequence of his being drunk, and unable to play his part ...

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (9 November 1865), 3

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 July 1866), 4

"CLUNES", The Ballarat Star (27 October 1866), 1 s

"MUSIC IN WAGGA WAGGA. To the Editor", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (7 June 1871), 2

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (24 June 1871), 3

[News], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (1 July 1871), 2

... The concert, however, had already been begun by the local band (under their new director, Mr. C. Schlue) playing, in good time and with precision and spirit, the "Glasgow March," "Adelong Schottische," and D'Albert's waltz, "Star of the Night," the first two pieces being Mr. Schlue's own compositions ...

[other reports mention his Wagga Wagga schottische]

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (9 September 1871), 1


Bass vocalist (of the Grand Opera, Vienna)

Active Australia, 1857-60


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (23 February 1857), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (10 March 1857), 3

"MADAME CARANDINI'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (12 March 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1857), 1

"PRINCESS'S THEATRE", The Argus (12 May 1857), 5

... to Herr Schluter. This gentleman exerted himself so entirely to the satisfaction of the audience in the part of Alphonso, that he was compelled to repeat the grand scena in the second act.

"MUSICAL NOTES OF THE WEEK", Empire (28 August 1860), 5



Arrived Sydney, NSW, c. 1886 (from New Zealand)


"WHAT'S IN A NAME", The Mercury (17 July 1884), 2s

A New Zealand exchange announces that Her Felix Schmellitscheck is announced to make his appearance at two concerts shortly, and is a violinist of considerable repute. He is a graduate of the Stuttgart Conservatory, and latterly he received instruction from the world-renowned violinist, Herr Wilhelmj, who recognised his ability warmly. Herr Schmellitscheck's departure for this colony from West Germany was referred to as follows by a local journal:- "Following on the departure of Professor Wilhelmj, the great master of the violin, comes another great loss to our musical circles in the person of the very highly esteemed and excellent violin virtuoso, Herr Schmellitscheck, who, on the recommendation of Herr Wilhelmj, is leaving for New Zealand. Herr Wilhelmj has presented him with a beautiful instrument, and he will start on his tour in a few days. We cannot let one who has done so much to delight every lover of good music leave us without expressing our good will and heartfelt wishes for his future success." 'Tis true, "A rose by any other name would smell as sweet," and Herr Schmellitscheck may in philosophic mood submit to the inevitable changes which will be rung upon his name among his new colonial acquaintances.

[Advertisement], Otago Daily Times (9 April 1886), 1

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1890), 8

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1893), 8

"SYDNEY QUINTET SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1895), 12

"THE QUINLAN CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 November 1913), 9


Viola (tenor) player

Active Ballarat, VIC, January 1859


[Advertisement], The Star (24 January 1859), 3

SCHMIDT, Carl George

Musician, bandmaster

Died Toowoomba, QLD, 8 February 1912


"TOOWOOMBA AND DISTRICT", The Brisbane Courier (9 February 1912), 6

Mr. Carl George Schmidt, a well-known musician of Toowoomba, died to-day. At one time deceased was bandmaster in Wirths' Circus, but subsequently he retired in Toowoomba, where he formed the old Gordon Club Band, and was also conductor of the local Military Band. Recently he was associated with the Austral Hall orchestra.

SCHMIDT, Florence (Mrs. Derwent WOOD)

Soprano vocalist, pianist

Active Rockhampton, QLD, by 1885


"SCHOOL OF ARTS EXHIBITION", Morning Bulletin (27 August 1885), 5

The aspirants to the title of "best player on the piano," as it is termed in the programme, were Miss Eva Laurie and Miss Florence Schmidt, the former thirteen years of age and the latter only twelve.

"Miss Florence Schmidt", Australian Town and Country Journal (20 March 1897), 20

"MISS FLORENCE SCHMIDT. TO THE EDITOR", Morning Bulletin (13 July 1897), 6

[News], Queensland Figaro (28 April 1910), 14

Mr. Derwent Wood, an English sculptor of note, has chiselled busts of several Australians visiting England. ... Mrs. Derwent Wood will be remembered in Brisbane as Miss Florence Schmidt, a charming singer with a powerful voice, but gave up her musical career for a domestic life.

"ROYAL ACADEMY PICTURES", The Daily News (13 July 1920), 2

SCHMIDT, Frederick


Active Brisbane, QLD, 1894


"An Immoral Musician", The Western Champion and General Advertiser (18 September 1894), 6

In the police court to-day, Frederick Schmidt, aged 43, musician, was charged with indecently assaulting a girl, aged 11 years, and remanded.


Choreographer, dancer

SCHMIDT, Thérèse (Mademoiselle THÉRÈSE)


Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, by August 1858 (from the USA)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, after November 1862
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, October 1867 (per Ruahine, from San Francisco)
Departed (2) Sydney, NSW, after June 1872 (for New Zealand)


[Advertisement], The Argus (7 August 1858), 8

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (17 August 1858), 4

After the comedy came a ballet entertainment, in which Fraulein Fannie, the Leopold Family, Mademoiselle Thérèse, and M. Schmidt took part. The two latter are new to the colonial stage, and made a favorable impression. Mademoiselle Thérèse is a graceful dancer; quiet in style an excelling in posé and repose; more flexible than agile, and relying more upon beauty of attitude than vivacity of motion or striking tours de force.

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 August 1858), 8

 "THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (7 December 1858), 5

"THE THEATRES", The Argus (7 February 1859), 5

'PRINCESS THEARTE", The Argus (19 March 1859), 5

[News], The Argus (27 September 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 July 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1861), 1

"THE CHRISTMAS PANTOMIME", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1861), 5

[News], The Argus (21 October 1862), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 November 1862), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1867), 8

[News], The Argus (13 November 1867), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 January 1870), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 December 1871), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1872), 10

[Advertisement], Daily Southern Cross (1 August 1872), 1

SCHMITT, Carl (Carl Gustav; Wilhelm Carl; SCHMIDT)

Violinist, opera and orchestral conductor, teacher, composer

Born Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 9 December 1837
Arrived Sydney, by December 1858
Died Clevedon, Auckland, NZ, 22 March 1900, aged 66 (NLA persistent identifier)


Younger brother of the German composer and pianist (Georg) Alois Schmitt (1827-1902), "Schmidt" was "lately arrived from Munich" when he made his Sydney debut in December 1858. Henry Marsh advertised the publication, on 2 January 1860, of a NEW WALTZ 1860 by Carl Schmidt, in no. 8 of his revived Australian musical cadeau. The Herald described it as "a very pretty arrangement of a familiar air".

He was probably the Schmidt who spent some time in Ballarat in the mid-1860s (though probably not to be confused with the viola-player active there in 1859). If so, he planned to return to Europe in March 1857, but George Coppin hired him for the theatre in Sydney and he stayed on and married a Tasmanian, Lucy Reeves, in May 1863. Among Schmitt's own compositions introduced in Hobart were an Overture in October 1860, and his song There's a time in April 1861.

Of four musical prints he advertised for sale in Melbourne in December 1864, a copy of one survives, the Kyneton: fancy fair calse (which he evidently had printed in Europe by John Andre Offenbach & Co.).

The other works were Kyneton (romance sans paroles), I've a welcome for thee (ballad), and Spanish evening song. A slightly later edition of the last does survive, as Ave (Spanish evening song) printed as musical supplement to The Illustrated Melbourne Post (25 May 1865).

In Sydney in 1868 it was repoted that "Schmidt" had dedicated to the countess of Belmore:

a new piece of music which he is about to forward to London for publication. The composition consists of the 95th Psalm, is in the key of F, and comprises two choruses, one soprano solo, and a duet for soprano and alto, with accompaniment for the organ.

His largest documented work was the opera Cazille, to a libretto by R. H. Horne, presumably begun before Horne left Australia for England in 1869. Excepts only from it were first performed in Sydney in 1872, and various numbers thereafter continued to appear in Schmitt's own programs.

Schmitt left Australia for New Zealand in 1881. A detailed obituary appeared in the Launceston Examiner in April 1900.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1858), 1

"MR. BOULANGER'S CONCERT", The Sydney  Morning Herald (16 December 1858), 7

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1859), 3

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1859), 8

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL CADEAU", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 January 1860), 5

[Advertisement], The Mercury (25 October 1860), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (26 April 1861), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 July 1862), 1

'MARRIAGES", The Mercury (11 May 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1864), 3

"BALLARAT", The Argus (24 August 1866), 5

"BALLARAT", The Argus (15 March 1867), 7

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1867), 4

"THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1867), 4

"MUSICAL", Empire (13 May 1868), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1869), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1870), 1

"NEW OPERA", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 June 1871), 8

"Musical and Dramatic Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (13 April 1872), 20

"NEW ZEALAND", The Argus (23 March 1900), 6


It will be learned with regret by the citizens of Auckland (by whom Professor Schmitt was favourably and widely known) that he passed away at his country residence, Te Kianga, at Clevedon, Southern Wairoa, at an early hour yesterday morning, at the age of 66. He had been ailing for some time past, and was attended by Dr. Marsack, Dr. Haines, and latterly by Dr. Coates. The immediate cause of death was failure of the heart's action, arising from consumptive weakness. Herr Girl Schmitt was the son of Dr. Aloys Schmitt, in his day a leading musical authority in Germany, and the author of several musical works, and was Holf Kapellmeister at the Court of Munich, Bavaria, a similar office being now held by Herr Carl Schmitt's brother, Aloys, at Mecklenburg-Schwerin, while his sister, who is married to an Austrian officer of distinction, resides at Buda-Pesth. Herr Schmitt arrived in Auckland early in the sixties, having a high reputation as a violinist. A few years afterwards he left for Tasmania, and was honorary aide-de-camp and musical director to Governor Sir Frederick Weld. Subsequently he became organist in Sydney to one of the Congregational and other churches, and, including other important conductorships, was also conductor of the Sydney Philharmonic Society. After some residence, Herr Schmitt paid a visit to Germany, but had to return to the colonies, owing to the climate being too severe for him, and he settled in Sydney. While there he received an invitation from the late Judge Fenton to come back to Auckland, and accept the conductorship of the Auckland Choral Society. He accepted the offer, and in May, 1881, arrived here, and undertook the conductorship of the Choral Society, a post which he held with distinguished success and ability till his death. The Choral Society at the time of his assuming office was at a low ebb, but he eventually made it one of the most successful societies of the kind in the colonies.

The deceased gentleman (who was born in Frankfurt-on-the-Maine) was an accomplished musician, and wielded the baton with no ordinary power, both as chorus and orchestra conductor. He had a large private practice, and many excellent musicians in the other colonies who have been his pupils owe much to him. He held the order of the Knight Commander of the Cross of Italy for a mass he composed and dedicated to Queen Margherita, and also a Belgian order for a musical composition dedicated to the Queen of the Belgians, and also held other foreign orders. Some of his masses were performed at St. Patrick's Cathedral and at St. Benedict's, and he published in Europe some of his musical compositions, marches, etc. His finalities as a teacher were well known, and he enjoyed the friendship and esteem of his pupils long after he had ceased to be their teacher, and they had gone to other colonies, or away from Auckland. Herr Schmitt was one of the principal founders of the Auckland Amateur Opera Club, founded the Young Ladies' Orchestra, and bad been for some years appointed lecturer in music at the Auckland University, a post which he held at his death. His decease will be sincerely regretted, more especially in musical circles, and the gap caused by his death will not be easily filled.

Herr Schmitt was honorary aide-de-camp and musical director to Governors Lord Onslow, Lord Glasgow, and also to Lord Ranfurly, our present Governor. He also took a great deal of interest in volunteering, and was at one time aide-de-camp to Sir George Whitmore, then Commandant of the Colonial Forces, was honorary captain of the College Rifles, and the Southern Wairoa Rifles, and a captain in the New Zealand Militia. Mr. James Edmiston, secretary of the Choral Society, went out to Clevedon and visited the dying man, who had for 15 years been his personal friend, on Wednesday last, and was shocked to find so great a change in Herr Schmitt. He was able to speak at intervals, and was quite conscious. That evening he relapsed into a comatose state, in which condition he died at two o'clock yesterday morning. He leaves a widow and two sons to mourn their loss. The deceased will be buried this afternoon, at half-past two o'clock, at the Anglican Cemetery, Clevedon, in accordance with the desire of his family. Members of the Choral Society wishing to attend the funeral at Wairoa South should leave by train for Papakura at half-past nine this morning, a coach being m readiness for proceeding to Clevedon. Out of respect for the memory of Professor Schmitt there will be no practice of the society on Tuesday next.

[Herr Schmidt was a resident of Launceston for some years, and is well remembered in the city.]

Bibliography and resources:

Charles Nalden, "Schmitt, Carl Gustav (1837-1900)", DNZB

Horst Zänger, Alois Schmitt: Ein Leben für die Musik (2011)


Tenor vocalist

Died Perth, WA, 10 April 1847, in his 37th year


[Advertisement], Inquirer (25 January 1843), 6

"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

... that majestic piece of recitative from the Messiah, "Comfort ye my people", &c, which, together with the accompanying air "Every valley", was sung, greatly to the delight of the audience, by Mr. Schoales. Although we have had the pleasure of hearing Mr. Schoales in better voice, it is impossible to speak too highly of his performance of this most exquisite composition; the air especially, with all its intricate cadences, was most sweetly and correctly sung, and we are by no means inclined to quarrel with the taste of those who consider this to have been the best performance of the evening.

"DIED", The Perth Gazette (17 April 1847), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

SCHOFIELD, John Fenwick

Music teacher, organist

Active Ipswich, QLD, 1870


"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Brisbane Courier (17 May 1870), 2

"IN THE ESTATE OF JOHN F. SCHOFIELD", The Brisbane Courier (23 August 1870), 2

"RELIGIOUS", The Brisbane Courier (24 December 1870), 3

SCHOOT (Herr SCHOOT; Professor SCHOOT; "The Drum Demon")

See TWENTYMAN, George F.

SCHOTT, James Arthur (R.A.M.)

Professor of music, oboist, conductor, bandmaster, composer

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1854; Melbourne, VIC, by January 1863 (having arrived from India)
Died Battery Point, Hobart, TAS, 31 August 1888, aged 57


I am assuming for the moment - whether correctly or not, I can't yet say - that the Schott active as a bandmaster on the goldfields in the 1850s and the oboist James Schott who arrived in Melbourne from India in January 1863 are the same person. Insolvent in mid 1874, he was reported in October to have "bolted" to England, to avoid his creditors, leaving his wife and family without support. He was still in London in March 1876, when The Argus reported on the publication of his song Come to the fairy dell. However, he was back in the colonies by early 1878.


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 February 1853), 1

"BENDIGO", The Argus (9 May 1854), 4

"MARYBOROUGH", The Argus (8 May 1856), 5

"MR. THATCHER'S CONCERTS", Portland Guardian (20 June 1860), 2

[News], The Argus (26 January 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 June 1863), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 July 1863), 8

[News], The Argus (14 July 1863), 4

"TURN UND GESANG FEST", The Star (31 December 1863), 3

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (26 December 1866), 8

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (29 July 1874), 5

[News], The Argus (20 October 1874), 4

"TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCH", The Mercury (21 October 1874), 3

[News], The Argus (31 March 1876), 4

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (27 December 1866), 3

"Deaths", The Mercury (1 September 1888), 1

"DEATH OF HERR SCHOTT", The Mercury (1 September 1888), 3

This once talented musician died yesterday at his residence, Battery Point, in his 57th year, after a long period of physical prostration. He arrived in this colony about 10 years ago with one of the Italian Opera Companies, as conductor, and very shortly afterwards determined to settle in Hobart. Having qualifications of no mean order, as a musician, and many estimated social qualities, he rapidly obtained pupils and a large circle of friends, and would have attained a comfortable competency, had his health been retained. Unfortunately for social musical institutions of Hobart, he was stricken by paralysis some three years ago, and was a helpless invalid from that day, his death proving in many respects a happy release. During the short time he was permitted to exercise an influence in musical circles in this city, his labours were eminently successful. He started the Orchestral Union, which flourished under his leadership, and the best brass band ever organised in this city owed its success to Herr Schott's musical abilities and social tact. His private pupils were numerous, and when sickness overtook him his pupils frequently testified their sympathy, and the respect he had engendered, in a variety of ways. The deceased was the eldest son of Adam J. Schott, a music publisher of Brussells, Paris, and London, and was well-known in several other places, having enjoyed a very wide popularity in Melbourne at one time.

Musical works:

The Manners-Sutton waltz (composed expressly), The Illustrated Melbourne Post (24 December 1866).

The Amy polka (Melbourne: J. Wilkie, [1867])

The Alfred choral march ("Performed at the Prince Alfred Reception Concert, given by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society") (Melbourne: J. Schott, [1868])

On Schott's family:

Adam Joseph Schott (1794-1864), son of founder of Schott's, Bernhard Schott, became a bandmaster in the British army ... serving in Canada, and India where he died in 1864

SCHRADER, Heinrich Ludwig (Henry)

Band-master (Herr Schrader's Band), cornet-player, cornopean player, contrabass player, violinist, orchestra leader, teacher

Born Brunswick, Germany, 4 February 1832

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 7 September 1857
Died Adelaide, SA, 21 February 1880, aged 48

SCHRADER, Hermann Theodor

Musician, teacher, composer

Born Adelaide, SA, 1860
Died Melbourne, VIC, July 1934


Soprano vocalist


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 October 1857), 1

"GAWLER INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (11 March 1859), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 July 1859), 1

"THE ITALIAN OPERA COMPANY", The South Australian Advertiser (19 February 1861), 3

"THE SOUTH PARKS", The South Australian Advertiser (26 April 1880), 6

"DEATHS", South Australian Advertiser (23 February 1880), 4

"OUR CITY LETTER", Kapunda Herald (24 February 1880), 3

I regret to have to record the death of one of the most well-known musicians in Adelaide, Mr. Heinrich Schrader, who died very suddenly on Saturday last. On Friday night he was in his usual place at the Theatre. Mr. Schrader was a most talented performer on the cornet, and was the founder of the oldest instrumental band in the colony. He was one of the soundest musicians we had, and his loss will be deeply felt. The funeral took place on Sunday, and was attended by a large number of leading citizens, the German element being prominent. The Leidertafel [sic] were present, and sang several pieces of music at the grave. There was also an instrumental band made up of some of Mr. Schrader's friends, who contributed various selections.

"OBITUARY. MR. H. SCHRADER", South Australian Register (6 March 1880), 2 Supplement

We regret to announce the death, at the age of 48, of Mr. Heinrich L. Schrader, well known in musical circles, and for nineteen years landlord of the Black Horse Hotel, in Leigh-street. The following particulars of his life will, no doubt be read with interest by the many friends his musical skill and geniality had won for him: - Mr. Schrader was a native of Brunswick, Germany, and was born on February 4, 1832 He was an only child, and his parents, who were small farmers, did everything to further his musical studies. At the age of sixteen he joined the military artillery band, and in the same year, 1847, went through the whole campaign against Denmark. Four years later he had to serve in the second campaign against Denmark, when he saw a deal of active service. He rose quickly to the rank of sergeant, and would have continued in the service as the bandmastership was offered him, but for the glorious report of the finding of gold in miraculous quantities in Victoria, which induced him with five others to give up his engagement and emigrate to Melbourne. The ship in which he sailed having to call at Adelaide, September 7, 1857, he was offered some inducement to stay, and not hearing the best of news from the diggings, decided to make this place his home. Whilst in Germany he studied under the best masters. He had thoroughly mastered contrabass, and the theoretical part of music. He played several instruments, and attained the greatest proficiency on the cornopean, on which instrument but few excelled him. Mr. Schrader has been looked upon for many years as a leader among instrumentalists, and for about twenty years took part in every orchestra that has been connected with the theatre here, and with that of the Philharmonic Society. He was the leader of a private band which went under his name, and was the first conductor of the former Military Band. He was also well known as an arranger of instrumental music, and will be much missed in musical circles. The funeral took place on Sunday, February 22, when the remains were interred in the West-terrace Cemetery. At the house the Liedertafel sang Mendelssohn's "Es ist bestimmt" ("It is decreed"), and during the procession Schrader's Band and the Military Band played Handel's "Dead March." The hearse was followed by thirty or forty vehicles, and was preceded by several Odd fellows, the deceased being a member of that Order. At the grave there were about 600 or 700 persons, including the leading members of the musical profession. The Liedertafel having sung "Da unten ist friede" ("There is peace below") the Rev. J. C. Woods performed the burial service, and at its conclusion the Liedertafel sang "Schlaf wohl, due camerad" ('Rest thee well, comrade.") The funeral arrangements were carried out by Mr. Eitzen. Mr. Schrader leaves a widow and six children. His second son is at present studying music at the Conservatoire of Leipzic.

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (15 July 1884), 4

"FAREWELL TO HERR SCHRADER", South Australian Register (26 February 1889), 4

"PIANOFORTE MUSIC", South Australian Register (28 April 1893), 5

"MUSICAL NOTES", The Register (12 January 1904), 8

"DEATH OF MR. H. T. SCHRADER", The Argus (11 July 1934), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 July 1934), 1

"OBITUARY", The Advertiser (17 July 1934), 11

Bibliography and resources:

Works (post 1900) by Hermann Schrader in TROVE

Papers of Hermann T. Schrader (NLA MS 9734)

SCHRADER, Samuel Frederick (SCHRAEDER)

Musician, leader of quadrille band

Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1858
Died Ballarat South, VIC, February 1906, aged 76


[Advertisement], The Star (26 May 1858), 3 

[Advertisement], The Star (15 August 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (17 March 1862), 3

[News], The Star (12 November 1864), 2

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 110

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (15 January 1892), 3 

"PERSONAL ITEMS", The Ballarat Star (17 February 1906), 6 

Mr. Samuel Frederick Schrader died rather suddenly yesterday, at the residence of his daughter, the licensee of the Caledonian hotel, Ballarat South, after an illness of some weeks' duration. The deceased, who was 76 years of age, and was of German descent, was an accomplished violinist, and for many years held a leading position amongst the musical teachers of Victoria. In the early 50's he held a prominent position in the theatrical orchestras of Melbourne, in the days when G. V. Brooke, Catherine Hayes, Madame Ristori, Phelps, Walter Montgomery, and other celebrated actors and actresses trod the boards. He was one of the musical pioneers of Ballarat, and led the orchestra for many years at the Acadamey of Music. Mr. Schrader played the same violin for over 60 years. This instrument belonged to the father of the deceased, who got it from his father. The violin was said to he 150 years old, and was valued at £400 by Mr Schrader. The deceased was a widower, and leaves several in family. The funeral will leave the Caledonian hotel this day at 4 p.m. for the New Cemetery.


Musician, choirmaster

Born Germany, c. 1832
Arrived NSW, c. 1848
Died Bega, NSW, 25 December 1907


"DEATHS", Southern Star (28 December 1907), 2 

... On Xmas morning people received an even greater shock when the news of the death of Mr. Henry Schuback, one of the oldest pioneers of the district, got around ... A native of Germany, he came to this district 59 years ago, going to work at Kameruka for Mr. Walker. He was the eldest of a family of 15 ... Deceased, in his younger days, was a fine musician, and at one time, he was choirmaster of the local R.C. Church ...

SCHULTZ, Charles

Conductor, orchestra leader, composer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, October 1867 (with Lehman Family from San Francisco)
Departed ? Melbourne, VIC, after December 1867 (or earlier)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1867), 8

"PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", Empire (14 October 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 October 1867), 8

Musical works:

The Fireman's march (performed Sydney, October 1867)

Chinese song and dance (written and composed for Miss Maggie Moore by Charles Schultz) ([Melbourne]: J. C. Williamson, 1879) [but not composed in Australia]

SCHÜRMANN, Clamor Wilhelm

Recorder of indigenous language, songs, and customs, Lutheran missionary

Born Schledehausen, Hanover, Germany, 7 June 1815
Arrived Adelaide, 12 October 1838 (per Pestonjee Bomanjee)
Died Bethany, SA, 3 March 1893 (NLA persistent identifier)

Bibliography and resources:

Heide Kneebone, Schürmann, Clamor Wilhelm (1815-1893), Australian dictionary of biography Suppl. (2005)

SCOTT, Andrew George (alias "Captain Moonlite")

Bushranger, "accomplished musician", pianist

Born Rathfriland, County Down, Ireland, baptized 5 July 1842
Arrived NZ, 22 November 1861; Sydney, NSW, early 1868
Executed Darlinghurst, NSW, 20 January 1880 (NLA persistent identifier)


"THE CONDEMNED BUSHRANGERS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1879), 3

It will be remembered that Scott admitted that he joined the gang only a day or two previous to the Wantabadgery outrage. It was reported at the trial that he was an accomplished musician, but it seems that he only possesses a slight knowledge of the piano.

"CERTIFICATE OF EXECUTION", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1880), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Scott, Andrew George (1842-1880), Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

SCRASE, Samuel


Amateurs, member(s) (Australian Harmonic Society; ? Philharmonic Society)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 January 1839 (per Eweretta, from London, 28 August 1838)
Samuel died South Yarra, VIC, 15 August 1893, "aged 80 years and 8 months, a colonist of 55 years"


Samuel and Edwin Scrase arrived in Sydney as steerage passengers in January 1839, bringing with them from London an assortment of cheap readymade clothing to stock the "cheap clothing warehouse" they opened in March. In June and July 1841, the recently formed Australian Harmonic Society reportedly met in a private room at their Pitt-street dwelling and premises, abutting the Victoria Theatre. They later settled in Victoria.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 January 1839), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (18 March 1839), 2

"TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Monitor (24 April 1839), 2

"THE DEVIL AMONG THE TAILORS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 April 1839), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (1 May 1839), 1

"THE AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 2

; "PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS IN SYDNEY", The Sydney Herald (5 July 1841), 2

"MARRIAGE", The Star (10 March 1860), 2

"Deaths", The Argus (17 August 1893), 1


Boy soprano, ? music publisher

Active Adelaide, SA, 1859


"FIRST TIME HEARD", The Register (3 December 1917), 6


Music for the Easter service of song (to be held in the Town Hall, Adelaide on Thursday, April 5, 1877) (Adelaide: Scrymgour & Sons, 1877)

SEA, Henry

Amateur musician, lecturer (School of Arts), member of the Cecilian Society

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 July 1837 (per Achilles, from London, 22 March)

SEA, James

Amateur, secretary (Australian Philharmonic Society)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1834
Died Sydney, NSW, 6 March 1846, aged 46


[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (16 August 1834), 1

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 July 1837), 2

"MUSICAL CLASS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1838), 2

"THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Herald (12 April 1839), 2

"CECILIAN CONCERT", The Colonist (8 June 1839), 3

The [Cecilian] Society and all who attend its concerts are indebted to Mr. Sea, whose polite and courteous attention to visitors, and general exertions for the interests of the Society and the arrangement of its concerts, are particularly appreciated.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 November 1839), 1

CECILIAN SOCIETY. THE Members and Subscribers are hereby informed that the next CONCERT will take place on WEDNESDAY, the 11th DECEMBER, being the Anniversary of the formation of the Society; and that from thenceforth the Society's Concerts will be held on the first instead of the last Wednesday in each Month. By Order of the Committee, HENRY SEA, Secretary.

"SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Herald (15 July 1841), 2

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1847), 3

"DEATH", Empire (23 January 1851), 3 [sic]

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1851), 3

SEAL, Andrew (Andreas)

Double bass player (Royal Lyceum), bandmaster (Volunteer Band), euphonium player, composer

Born Wiesbaden, Germany
Arrived Australia, March 1855 (from London)
Died Brisbane, QLD, 10 September 1904

SEAL, August (William)

Musician, bandsman


According to Austin (1962), Seal was brought to Australia by G. V. Brooke in 1855, along with the 4 musician brothers named Cramer. Seal and his brother, and 2 of the Cramer brothers, first came to Brisbane in 1857 to perform in the Botanic Gardens, having been engaged by Robert Ramsey Mackenzie.


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (5 September 1857), 3

BRISBANE BAND. THE Public are respectfully informed that (the Directors of the Brisbane Botanical Gardens having kindly granted their permission), the undersigned intend playing musical selections twice a week in the Gardens, should sufficient encouragement be given by the inhabitants of Brisbane and its vicinity. The instruments consist of a Clarionet, Cornet, Saxtuba, and Trombone. Subscriptions will be invited by personal application during the ensuing week. ANDREWS SEAL, AUGUSTE SEAL, F. CRAMER, G. CRAMER. September 5, 1857.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (16 August 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Darling Downs Gazette (24 January 1861), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1861), 1

"THE VOLUNTEER BAND CONCERT", The Courier (21 June 1862), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (26 May 1867), 1

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (30 May 1868), 1

"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (12 September 1904), 4

Mr. A. Seal, bandmaster of the Police Band, who has been an inmate of St. Helen's Private Hospital, died at that Institution on Saturday evening. That the late bandmaster's end was near at hand his relations and friends have known for some days. Of Mr. Seal, it might have been truly said that he was the father of Queensland brass bands, for most of the local bandsmen have either received some of their training at his hands, or from pupils whom he had tutored. The late musician was a native of Wiesbaden, on the Rhine. When but a lad he went to London, and was there engaged for the orchestra of the Princess Theatre. In 1854 [recte 1855] he came to Australia with the late Mr. G. V. Brooke, the eminent tragedian. In 1857 he was engaged by the late Sir Robert Mackenzie to play for a season in the Brisbane Botanical Gardens. He was for many years in the service of the Queensland Defence Force as a bandmaster, and since the formation of the Queensland Police Band he has been its head. A man of much talent and activity, the late bandmaster found time, besides performing his duties as conductor, to compose several pieces of music. He was of a generous nature, and he had been a favourite with those with whom he has been associated during his forty-five years in Queensland. His wife and three daughters have survived him ...

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE BANDMASTER SEAL", The Brisbane Courier (13 September 1904), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Papers of Andrew Seal (OM77-46), 1893, John Oxley Library, SL-QLD 

Austin 1962

Lack 1966

Erickson 1987

Penridge 2014

SEARELLE, William Luscombe (Luscombe SEARELLE; SEARELL)

Pianist, conductor, impresario, composer

Born Devon, England, 1853
Raised and educated in New Zealand
Active Australia, from 1874
Died Surrey, England, 18 December 1907 (NLA persistent identifier)


Summary (from NLA):

Born in England, Searelle grew up in New Zealand. He claimed that the only musical training he ever received was from his mother during his childhood, and two lessons from Charles Packer in Sydney. After leaving school in 1869 intending to study law, he made his living as a touring pianist and repetiteur for small opera companies in New Zealand and Australia. He gave the first performance of Gilbert and Sullivan's HMS Pinafore in Sydney in 1879. The first opera of his own to be produced was a sequel, The Wreck of the Pinafore, in Christchurch in 1880. In Australia, Searelle found that although he could readily obtain work as a conductor and repetiteur, no one was willing to perform his works. When Williamson declined to take his next work, The Fakir of Travancore, he went to America, where the work played to great acclaim in San Francisco. At this point he decided to lend distinction to his surname by the addition of the final "e". In 1882 he revived The Wreck of the Pinafore at the Opera Comique, London, the very theatre in which Gilbert and Sullivan's work had been premiered. Although hounded by the press for his impunity in emulating Britain's most popular librettist and composer, he had established himself in the public eye. Another work Estrella was successful in England, but was discontinued in New York after the theatre caught fire. Illness caused Searelle to return to Australia in 1884, where he completed his next opera Bobadil, and gave the Australian premiere of Estrella. It enjoyed great popularity in Sydney and Melbourne. Bobadil also enjoyed similar success, as did his Isadora in 1885. Following an 1886 visit to New Zealand, Searelle organised an operatic troupe and toured with it to South Africa. He made a fortune in property investment there at the beginning of a gold rush. In 1891 he gave the premiere of his cantata Australia in New Zealand, which described the evolution and history of the continent. Returning to South Africa, he became a noted impresario, importing numerous eminent singers, actors, and whole opera companies from England. With the outbreak of the Boer War, he was ordered to join the Boer army, and his refusal precipitated his financial ruin. He lived in England and America until his death.

Sydney, 1874: Mr. Luscombe Searell, a young composer of promise, who may be said to be almost a native of New Zealand, has arranged as a fantasia, in a very spirited manner, the celebrated duet "The bold Gens d'Armes", from Offenbach's opera of "Geneviève de Brabant". This effort of the young musician displays a considerable knowledge of effective composition for the pianoforte. Master Searell, we are informed, is engaged on the construction of an opera which he intends to produce in Sydney.

Sydney, 1874: LUSCOMBE SEARELL, the youngest Composer in the world, and celebrated Piano Soloist, will perform the CARNIVALE DE VENICE, with variations on the Piano, with a common clothes-brush.

Obituary (Sydney): The death is announced of Mr. Luscombe Searelle, whose comic operas used to entertain Sydney people years ago.

Obituary (Perth): Many Australians will regret to hear of the recent death of Mr. Luscombe Searelle, at the age of 50. After leaving Australia Mr. Searelle sought theatrical fortune in all quarters of the globe, and until the South African war broke out was proprietor of the Theatre Royal, Johannesburg. Subsequently he went to America, and collaborated with the poetess, Ella Wheeler Wilcox in writing a religious drama, "Mizpah", for the London production of which arrangements have been made with the Lyceum preprietory [sic].


"A POPULAR FANTASIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1874), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1874), 8

"AUSTRALIANS ABROAD", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1908), 5

"MAINLY ABOUT PEOPLE", The Daily News (7 February 1908), 7

Selected prints:

The bold gens-d'armes: fantasia on Offenbach's air in Genevieve de Brabant (by Luscombe Searell [sic]) (Sydney: J.R. Clarke, 1874)

Song of the bul-bul ("Sing to me, birdie" from Fakir of Travancore) (San Francisco: M. Gray, 1881)

Estrella, comic opera in three acts [complete vocal score] (New York: Wm. A. Pond & Co., 1883)

Estrella, opera comique in three acts [wordbook only] (libretto by Walter Parke; the music by Luscombe Searelle) ([Sydney]: [Williamson, Garner and Musgrove's Royal Comic Opera Company], 1884)

Bobadil,comic opera in three acts [wordbook only] (libretto by Walter Parke; composed by Luscombe Searelle with several lyrics written by the Composer) (Sydney: Jas Miller & Co., 1884)

Estrella valse (on melodies from Luscombe Searelle's comic opera) (London: Duff & Stewart; Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co. Ltd., [188-])

Broken-hearted (song written by C. Russell Blackman; composed by Luscombe Searell [sic]) (Sydney: [s.n., 189-?]) (Chas. Troedel & Co.)

The Soudan march ([Sydney: s.n., 1885])

Bobadil waltzes ([? Sydney: s.n., 188-?])

Love me (from ... Bobadil; words & music by Luscombe Searelle) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [188-?])

The babies on our block galop (for the pianoforte /arranged from the popular song introduced by Miss Maggie Moore by Luscombe Searell [sic]) (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [189-])

My grandfather's clock: divertimento for the piano on the popular song (Sydney: C. Troedel & Co., [18--])

Bibliography and resources:

Mark Pinner, Mr. Luscombe Searelle, the popular composer (Ph.D thesis, University of Sydney, 2012)

Mark Pinner, "Racial stereotypes as comedic mechanism: Luscombe Searelle and Walter Parke", Grainger Studies 1 (2011)

SEDDON, Frederic Paul

Pianist, composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1851 (with father, the Rev'd David Seddon)
Died Canterbury, England, 26 February 1882, aged 37

SEDDON, John Sumner

Organist (Christ Church, St. Kilda), pupil of Charles Edward Horsley

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1863
Died Canterbury, England, 28 September 1880

1866: A very pretty hymn, composed by F. P. Seddon, Esq., was, also given with very good effect.

1866: We have received from the author, Mr. F. P. Seddon, a song "The Voice of the Wind." The music is well adapted to words which are plaintive and sweet. The composition is very creditable, especially to an amateur.

1873: The anthem was Dr. Nare's ,"Blessed is he that considereth the poor and needy," and was introduced by a choral recitative for male voices written for the occasion by Mr F. P. Seddon to the words "He that hath pity on the poor lendeth unto the Lord: and look, whatsoever he layeth out, it shall be paid to him  again."

1872 (Benalla): Mr. J. S. Seddon, a pupil of C. E. Horsley, who brought together a fine array of talent, vocal and instrumental, consisting of some of the most distinguished soloists in and about Melbourne; yet shall it be said of the St. Kilda Elite to their shame that during the evening concerts the din and noise caused by a few insignificant persons was so great that scarcely a note of the music could be beard. Some persons have a peculiar way of annoying their neighbours, and this intolerable practice has become so great a nuisance latterly that it is high time steps were taken to put it down. Benalla folk will remember Mr. C. E Horsley. They will no doubt be glad to hear that he is beginning to do very well in the old country, but complains bitterly of the climate; the latest cable is that he has been appointed conductor of a Liverpool Madrigal society.


"HER MAJESTY'S BIRTHDAY", The Argus (27 May 1863), 4

"CHRIST CHURCH SCHOOLS, ST. KILDA", The Telegraph (15 December 1866), 2

[News], The Argus (15 December 1866), 5

[News], The Argus (23 October 1866), 4

"MEMORANDA", The Telegraph (27 October 1866), 2

[Advertisement], The Telegraph (8 December 1866), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 January 1868), 3

"MUSIC IN MELBOURNE", The Benalla Ensign (30 March 1872), 2


"CHRIST CHURCH", The Telegraph (4 October 1873), 5

"DEATHS", The Mercury (24 November 1880), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 April 1882), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 May 1882), 1

Bibliography and resources:

The brothers were (? great-) uncles of Summer Locke Elliott

SEWELL, Richard Clarke

Amateur musician, lawyer

Baptised Newport, Isle of Wight, 6 February 1803
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1856
Died St. Kilda, VIC, November 1864 (NLA persistent identifier)


"DEATH OF DR. SEWELL", The Australian News for Home Readers (25 November 1864), 3

... The labors of the deceased were not confined to the bar, he was also the writer of several professional works of merit, "Sewell's Coroner's Law" being still a standard work. He was also the author of several works of fiction, and in this labor shared the honors with a talented sister, who survives to mourn his loss. As an artist and a musician his merits were known and appreciated by those who were intimate with him ...

Bibliography and resources:

"Sewell, Richard Clarke", Dictionary of national biography 51 (1897),_Richard_Clarke_(DNB00)

SEYLER, Frederick

SEYLER, Albert

Professors of Music, pianists

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 5 December 1848 (per Thomas Lowry, from London and Plymouth)
Active Adelaide, SA, 1848-49
Frederick died Melbourne, VIC, 18 June 1866, aged 42


Though listed as merchants on the manifest of their English ship (they indeed later set up as general retailers), Frederick and Albert Syler, from Hamburg and having "studied under the best German masters", advertised that they would both give "instructions on the Pianoforte". With fellow arrival George Fischer, they both appeared in a quarterly Conversazione with Mrs Murray in January 1849. One of the brothers appeared at Griffiths's concert in March 1849, and one in a musical melange at the Queen's Theatre in December, with Spencer Wallace, Frederick Ellard, Fischer, George Coppin, and the Lazars. Frederick Seyler sailed out on a ship for California in January 1850, though his destination may have been Melbourne. He returned to Adelaide, and later both he and Albert relocated to Melbourne.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (6 December 1848), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 December 1848), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (13 March 1849), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (27 January 1849), 2

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (2 February 1849), 2

"LOCAL NEWS. MR. GRIFIFTHS'S Concert", South Australian (16 March 1849), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 March 1849), 2

"NATURALIZATION OF ALIENS", South Australian Register (18 August 1849), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (18 December 1849), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (12 January 1850), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (3 June 1850), 2

"DEATHS", The Argus (19 June 1866), 4

SEYLER, Hermann

Violinist, teacher of piano and violin

Active Victoria, 1858-59


"MR. WHITE'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (11 June 1858), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (3 July 1858), 1

"HAYMARKET THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (5 July 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (6 December 1859), 3

SHALL, William


Active Eaglehawk, VIC, 1867


"AN EDUCATED THIEF", Launceston Examiner (20 June 1867), 2

William Shall, a teacher by profession, an accomplished linguist, speaking no less than five modern languages fluently, and an experienced musician, was sent to gaol for a month by the magistrates of Eaglehawk for stealing a blanket. A man named Norman, who found Shall about four weeks ago in a destitute condition, took him home with him, and afterwards got him a situation. The ungrateful scamp rewarded his benefactor by breaking into his house and stealing the blanket.

SHALLARD, Joseph Thomas

Music compositor, printer, and publisher

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1859
Died Leichhardt, NSW, 21 June 1893


[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Illustrated Sydney News (16 February 1866), 16

THE PARTNERSHIP existing during the last seven years between the undersigned, under the style of CLARSON, SHALLARD, & Co., as Printers and Publishers, has this day been renewed, and will henceforth be conducted in Sydney and Melbourne in the names of the resident Partners, as under: GIBBS, SHALLARD, & Co., SYDNEY. CLARSON, MASSINA, & Co., MELBOURNE. (Signed) JOSEPH T. B. GIBBS, JOSEPH T. SHALLABD, ALFRED MASSINA, WILLIAM CLARSON. January 1st. 1866

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1893), 10


F. S. Wilson, Australian songs and poems (Sydney: Gibbs, Shallard, & Co.,1870)


Bandmaster, master of the band of the 58th Regiment)

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1844-45
Died New Zealand, late 1848

See also Band of the 58th Regiment


"CHARGE OF FELONY", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 February 1845), 3

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1845), 2

[News], Colonial Times (13 February 1849), 2

Band-Sergeant James Shanaghan, 58th Regt., who died suddenly, and upon whom a coroner's inquest was held, returning a verdict of "Died of Apoplexy," was not only refused the rights of Christian burial by the Roman Catholic church, of which he was a member, but his remains were sternly forbid to repose by those of his departed child, his coffin being consigned to the dishonored mould reserved for suicides. The funeral ceremony may be characterised as an almost unparalleled one, seeing that a regimental officer, Captain Thompson, in a Roman Catholic graveyard, read the ritual of the Protestant Church of England over the corpse of a member of the Church of Rome. He was buried with military honours.

"NEW ZEALAND", The Courier (14 February 1849), 4


Violinist, dancing master, vocalist, banjo player

Arrived ? Sydney, NSW, 1842
Died Waterloo, NSW, June 1878

SHAPTER, William

Musician, bandmaster

Born Devonshire, England, ? 1840/41
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 26 May 1910, aged 69


Piccolo player

Died Sydney, NSW, 28 May 1910, aged 69

SHAPTER, Lizzie (Mrs. Edward McLean)


Active by 1874


? "ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (11 July 1842), 2

"NEW INSOLVENT", The Maitland Mercury (13 September 1848), 2

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (7 September 1850), 5

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (28 September 1850), 1

"BATHURST SERENADERS", Bathurst Free Press (12 October 1850), 4

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (21 September 1850), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (5 February 1874), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1876), 4

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1878), 16

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1878), 5

"AMUSEMENTS", The Advertiser (12 January 1893), 6

"LONG SERVICE MEDALS", Evening News (1 October 1902), 7

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1910), 6

"WILLIAM SHAPTER", Freeman's Journal (16 June 1910), 23

The death of Mr. William Shapter, a well-known resident of Surry Hills, took place on Friday, May 28th last, at the age of 69 years, after a somewhat long and painful illness. Deceased was a native of Devonshire, England, and came to Australia when he was a boy, and settled in Sydney. For the past 44 years Mr. Shapter resided in Surry Hills, where he was held in the highest esteem. For fifty years he was connected with the volunteer force of this State, and was also a prominent figure in musical circles. Being a musician of much ability, his services were much in request, and he was from his youth connected with a number of military and other bands, and for years Shapter's String Band was a house hold term among the dancing portion of the community.

Thanks: To Louise Reynolds for information about the Shapter family.

SHARP, Cecil J.

Musician, folk-music collector, composer

Born Camberwell, England, 22 November 1859
Arrived Adelaide, 27 November 1882 (per Potosi, from London and Plymouth via Melbourne)
Departed Adelaide, SA, early 1892 (for London)
Died London, England, 23 June 1924 (NLA persistent identifier)


December 1882: TO THE EDITOR. Sir - As a new comer and a lover of music, will you permit me to endorse the opinions expressed in your leader of the 12th inst. Although I am a resident of only a few weeks' standing, and therefore feel much diffidence in expressing any decided opinion, I have already noticed that whilst what you have said as regards the want of a first-class master may be perfectly true, there is nevertheless no lack of that class of musician which I may term the "professional amateur"- a class who only require a competent man at their head to render them a very serviceable body of performers. ... I see no reason why, with the material at present to hand, and with that which a thoroughly able man would speedily manufacture, South Australia should not be able to present to the colony at the time of the approaching Exhibition a programme which would compare favourably with the one recently published for performance next week at Melbourne. Apologising for thus encroaching on your space- I am, Sir, &c., CECIL J. SHARP. St. Barnabas College, North Adelaide.

1886: Mr. Everard was hardly in such good voice as he has been heard previously, yet he gave a creditable rendering of a song, "Bright Fedalma," composed expressly for him by Mr. Cecil Sharp. The song is one requiring not only a good voice but considerable skill for its execution.

August 1890: After a brief interval a light operatto [sic], "Dimple's Lovers," was staged, the music for which was written by Mr. Cecil Sharp, and the libretto by Mr. Guy Boothby. The piece consists of one act, and is humorous and almost farcical in character. It is worked out in the easiest style of Gilbert & Sullivan, bearing some resemblance to the well-known "Box and Cox." There are four characters, with no chorus ...

December 1890: To-night will witness a special event in the annals of South Australian music, namely, the first production of "Sylvia," a new comic opera written by Mr. Guy Boothby, and music composed by Mr. Cecil Sharp, both of this city. The cast comprises some well-known local musical talent of Adelaide, ably supported by a powerful chorus of trained voices and an efficient orchestra of thirty performers ...


"ARRIVAL OF THE POTOSI IN MELBOURNE", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (25 November 1882), 10

"TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (22 December 1882), 6

"MENDELSSOHN'S ST. PAUL", South Australian Register (28 July 1884), 6

"ADELAIDE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (23 July 1886), 6

 "MISS CARANDINI'S MATINEE CONCERT", South Australian Register (28 July 1886), 7

"GOVERNMENT HOUSE AT HOME", The Advertiser (13 August 1890), 5

"ALBERT HALL. DIMPLE'S LOVERS", South Australian Register (10 September 1890), 7

"THEATRE ROYAL. SYLVIA", South Australian Register (4 December 1890), 3

"The Week", South Australian Chronicle (28 March 1891), 12

 "OUR ANGLO-COLONIAL LETTER", The Advertiser (22 March 1892), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Sue Tronser, "Sharp, Cecil James (1859-1924)", Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

Maud Karpeles, Cecil Sharp: his life and work (1967; Faber reprint, 2012) (PREVIEW)


SHARP, William

Musician, music retailer

Born ? Kent, England, c.1808/10
Arrived Launceston, TAS, c.1853
Died Launceston, TAS, 27 January 1875, aged 65


"TASMANIA", Bendigo Advertiser (28 January 1875), 2

"MISCELLANEA", The Cornwall Chronicle (22 February 1875), 4

We sincerely regret to record the death of Mr William Sharp, the well-known and respected musician of Cameron-street. Mr. Sharp appeared to be in his ordinary robust state of health on the 27th January, and industriously at work during the day tuning instruments and attending to his garden, but during the night he was attacked with apoplexy, and expired in a very short time. Mr. Sharp was a native of Kent, who emigrated to this colony about 20 years ago, with the late Mrs. Sharp, their son Mr. T. Sharp, and Miss Sharp, who, for the benefit of her health, resides at Sydney - the climate there suiting her constitution best - and she recently paid her annual visit to her father. Being a shrewd, intelligent man, a good musician, of active industrious habits, a skilled gardener and florist, he soon acquired a competency and built the fine block of houses known as Sharp's Buildings in Cameron-street, where he resided and had his musical emporium. His first wife died about six or seven years ago, and be married again the present Mrs. Sharp, whom he leaves with two fine children. Mr. Sharp was an enthusiastic florist and importer of some of the finest species of flowers exhibited at the shows of the Northern Horticultural Society, of which he was a leading member. For eighteen years he had been a member of the choir of St. John's Church (Mr T. Sharp being the organist), and he attended morning and evening service, as usual, on the 24th January. He was a hale, healthy-looking man of robust appearance; apparently full of life and vigor when thus suddenly cut down by a stroke of apoplexy at the age of 65 years. His funeral, which took place on the 29th January, was very largely attended.



SHARP, Thomas

Professor of Music, organist, violinist, conductor

Born Kent, England, ? 1834
Arrived Launceston, TAS, c.1853
Died at sea, 2 January 1912, in his 78th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SHARP, William Thomas

Organist, musician

Born Launceston, TAS, 1864

Summary: (STUB)

William's son Thomas is on record as having composed "some fine chants", sung during the choral services at St. John's on 24 August 1862. At Farquharson's farewell concert in 1863, it was advertised that "Miss Sharpe and Mr. Thos. Sharpe will perform a grand duo concertante for piano and violin, Miss Sharp using Collard and Collard's splendid toned grand piano-forte." Thomas appears to have left the district by 1872. He advertised in Sydney as a Professor of Organ, Harmonium, Pianoforte, Violin &c." in July 1875, and in 1877 as organist of St. Philip's Church Hill. He was a "professor of music" at Stanmore, NSW, in 1885. At the time of his death in 1912, at least two of his sons were practising musicians.


"LAUNCESTON SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (4 July 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Launceston Examiner (4 January 1859), 1

"SUPREME COURT, LAUNCESTON", The Cornwall Chronicle (2 January 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (11 May 1861), 6

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (23 May 1862), 2

"THE LAUNCESTON MUSICAL UNION", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 June 1862), 4

"RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE: CHURCH OF ENGLAND", Launceston Examiner (23 September 1862), 4

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 May 1863), 5

"LAUNCESTON HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 July 1863), 4

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. R. SHARPE", Launceston Examiner (22 October 1863), 6

"STREET MUSIC. To the Editor", Launceston Examiner (10 December 1864), 3

"SACRED AND SECULAR CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (3 July 1873), 2

"THE CONCERT TO MR. SHARP", Launceston Examiner (15 April 1875), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1875), 7

"REPETITION OF THE MESSIAH", Launceston Examiner (4 January 1877), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1877), 9

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (25 August 1883), 2s

"Marriages", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1885), 1

"REMINISCENCES", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2

"MUSIC IN OLD LAUNCESTON", Daily Telegraph (22 January 1903), 4

"DEATH AT SEA", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1912), 11

"OBITUARY", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (9 January 1912), 2

"A DEPARTED ORGANIST", Evening News (13 January 1912), 13

"PERSONAL", Barrier Miner (17 January 1912), 2

"DEATHS", Examiner (20 January 1912), 1

"DEATHS", Examiner (14 December 1916), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988, 382-84


Teacher of music, bandmaster (former band sergeant, 31st Regiment)

Born York, England, 1798
Died Bathurst, NSW, 1 September 1846, aged 48 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"BATHURST", The Sydney Herald (2 June 1842), 3 

A ball was given last evening, by our respected townsman Mr. R. Cousins, and attended by a select number of friends. Dancing was kept up until a late hour. Webb and Sharpe's band was in attendance.

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1846), 2

At the residence of Mr. William Gray, Howick-street, Bathurst, on the 1st instant, aged 48 years, Mr. John Sharpe, formerly Band Sergeant to the 31st Regiment of Foot. He was one of the survivors of a detachment of that regiment who were embarked for the East Indies in that ill-fated vessel the Kent, East Indiaman, which was accidentally burnt in the Bay of Biscay, in March, 1825; a great number of the crew and military were fortunately saved by the praiseworthy exertions of the captain and crew of the brig Cambria, bound to South America with a body of miners, and returned to Falmouth, landed all safe, and then proceeded on her voyage. Mr. Sharpe joined the army very young, and served in the Peninsular campaigns, in the East and and West Indies, and several other parts of the world, until he was sent home to be invalided; he was entitled to a pension, which he had commuted under the then existing regulations, and emigrated to this colony, where he adopted the profession of a teacher of music, which occupation he carried on in the town of Bathurst and its neighbourhood for several years, with advantage to his pupils and credit to himself. He was a man of strict integrity, and unassuming in his manner, and possessed a fund of anecdote which was both instructive and amusing. He was born in the 58th regiment, at York, in 1798; and died much regretted by a very numerous and respectable class of residents in this township.

SHARPE, Robert

Organist, pianist, composer, music seller

Arrived Launceston, TAS, 1 August 1859
Departed Australia, 1863
? Active England, until at least 1880


Thomas Sharp referred to his musical colleague Robert Sharpe as a "namesake", though the difference in spelling their surname notwithstanding, he might possibly have been a relative. Coming to Launceston about 6 years later than the Sharps, Robert had "just arrived from England" when he advertised that he would teach the Organ, Harmonium and Pianoforte in Launceston in August 1859. He also offered to show his "large assortment of classical music, containing the most admired works of the great masters, Oratorio, Psalmody, and a varied selection of dance and other music".

At his second concert of the year 1860, in August, he included two works of his own, a ballad Fare thee well, and a Volunteer song, "a stirring composition with a cornet obligato; the words by Carpenter". One listener thought that the air of the latter bore too striking a resemblance to that of Oh give me back my Arab steed to rate as entirely original, and wrote accordingly to the Examiner, which in turn printed another letter in Sharpe's defence.

Sharpe's Volunteer song is one of the very rare Australian compositions of the entire early colonial period on record as having been performed in Britain, at a concert by the band of the 1st Battalion of Derbyshire Volunteers, at Belper in February 1862, when it was considered an "attractive feature in the programme". Sharpe himself would soon follow his music "home"; having been in the insolvent court in July 1862, he left to return to England late the following year.


"Shipping Intelligence: ENTERED INWARDS", Launceston Examiner (2 August 1859), 2

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (3 August 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Launceston Examiner (16 August 1859), 1

"MUSICAL", Launceston Examiner (18 August 1859), 3

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 December 1859), 4

"THE CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (31 May 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (7 July 1860), 2

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 August 1860), 4

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE ORGAN FUND", Launceston Examiner (30 August 1860), 3

"NEW VOLUNTEER'S SONG. [To the] EDITOR", Launceston Examiner (6 September 1860), 3

"THE NEW VOLUNTEER SONG: [To the] EDITOR", Launceston Examiner (8 September 1860), 3

"VOLUNTEER SONG", Launceston Examiner (29 April 1862), 5

"THE LAUNCESTON MUSICAL UNION", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 June 1862), 4

"INSOLVENT COURT", Launceston Examiner (10 July 1862), 5

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (8 May 1863), 5

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MR. R. SHARPE", Launceston Examiner (22 October 1863), 6

"VOLUNTEER SONG", Launceston Examiner (26 May 1864), 5

"VOLUNTEER SONG: To the Editor", Launceston Examiner (28 May 1864), 4

"CHORAL SERVICE AT ALL SAINTS CHURCH" [from Hampshire Independent, May 12], Launceston Examiner (20 July 1866), 2 

"A CORRESPONDENT writing to us from Hobart Town ...", The Musical Times (1 January 1873), 724 

"MR. ROBERT SHARPE", Launceston Examiner (2 August 1880), 3

"MUSIC IN OLD LAUNCESTON", Daily Telegraph (22 January 1903), 4 

SHEA, Sally

Irish singer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1827


"Police Reports", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 August 1827), 3

"Police Reports", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 September 1827), 3

Patrick Carey and Miss Sally Shea, made their debut at the bar, the one for making too free with Sally, the assigned servant of his master, whose property, too, Patrick was charged with having appropriated to his own and the said Sally's use. It appeared in evidence that the parties, on the morning of Sunday last, on the pretence of going to Church, had dropped anchor in a house of ill fame on the Rocks, where gin and jolity, of rather a base description, however, were retailed in exact proportion to the quantity of dumps that could be produced. There the parties had taken up their abode for that and the following day, to the great uneasiness and disappointment of their master and mistress, who had sent to every watch-house in town, in expectation of discovering the fugitives, but to no purpose. Little Barney, however, the son of the complainant, happening to pass the domicile which contained the parties, heard Sally ejaculating a well-known Hibernian song with great fervour, which sustained no interruption, excepting that of an occasional hiccup from the singer. The boy, instantly on recognizing Sally's voice, bolted off to give the information to his father, who procured two constables for the purpose of accompanying him to the temple in which the slut Sally, and another of her stamp, were amusing their Adonises with several delectable specimens of choral harmony. The party had no sooner approached the dwelling than they heard Sally warbling the following lines:--- "All the sweet faces at Limerick races, From Mullinarat to Maghera-fell, At Paddy's beautiful name would melt." But the fair songstress was immediately interrupted by the unwelcome appearance of her master and the constable. The prisoners were respectively searched, and a   large crooked brass pin was found on the person of Sally, which was produced in Court, and sworn to by her master as being his property. The prisoner Carey declared that he had picked it up on the floor, and gave it to Sally, thinking there was no gr at harm in so doing, but their Worships thought otherwise, and sentenced the said Patrick 6 months to a road-gang, and Sally for the same period to the 3d class in the Factory.


Amateur flute player, carpenter

Active Launceston, TAS, 1838


"LAUNCESTON POLICE", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 April 1838), 1 Supplement 

A carpenter named Sheen was charged with stealing a flute and a music book, the property of James Wainwright. A charge more malicious or unfounded could not possibly be imagined, Sheen producing a regular receipt for the articles, under the hand of the person from whom he purchased them. The bench severely reprobated the conduct of Wainwright in this affair, and the flute was ordered to be given up to the rightful owner, together with the book.

SHELLEY, J. D. (Mr.)

Gentleman amateur musician

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 April 1827


[Editorial], The Sydney Monitor (26 December 1829), 2

[Editorial], The Sydney Monitor (9 January 1830), 2

[Preparing to emigrate] ... Mr. Shelly found he had about £1,400 in cash. He immediately expended about half this sum in purchasing personal necessaries, conveniences, and comforts, suitable to his habits as a Gentleman; such as a two-years' stock of clothes, a liberal supply of linen, together with plate, books, mathematical instruments, expensive fowling pieces &c., drawing materials &c., music and musical instruments &c. The guns alone cost £40. And the music cost him £35. After paying his passage to the Colony and the incidental expenses of the voyage, Mr. Shelly found on his arrival here, that he had property which he considered valuable as capital, if necessity required ...

[Editorial], The Sydney Monitor (11 January 1830), 2

SHERAR, George

Musician, bagpipes player, music retailer, musical instrument maker

Born Scotland, 1809/10
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 May 1833 (per Betsy, from Leith, Scotland)
Died Sydney, 4 May 1887, aged 77 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"LIST OF CITIZENS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 September 1842), 4

"To the Editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1844), 2

... On the evening in question, I left home at the request of a few friends, with the intention of proceeding to the theatre, and, on our way thither, we call in at Sims's, the "Currency Lass." Whilst there, I was desired by an Irishman and a Catholic, who happened to be in company with us, to play the tune of the "Boyne Water," to which I objected, saying that I had once had my head broken for so doing. He replied "Oh, nonsense, there is no such party feeling at present," and in consequence of his repeated solicitations I was induced eventually to play this tune, which appears to have nothing but discordant sounds to the sensitive Mr. D'Arcy. Now, I solemnly aver that this was the only time I played the same tune that evening. But the assault was not committed then. We went afterwards to the "Star and Garter," where I played the well-known tune of "Sich a getting up stairs," which, I trust, could not be offensive even to Mr. D'Arcy himself. But I was not struck whilst playing any tune whatever. At the time the brick was hurled at me in so cowardly a manner, I was lighting my pipe, and I had not the most remote idea of having given offence to any one. As to the tune itself, I would beg to say that it is an old favourite Scottish air, known as "The bonny House of Airlie," composed, I believe, during the reign of James the Fourth of Scotland, consequently long before the battle of the Boyne took place ...


"DEATH ON THE RAILWAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1887), 8

Bibliography and resources: 


SHERWIN, Sarah Elizabeth (Mrs. James BARCLAY)


Born Bothwell, VDL (TAS), 22 June 1844
Died Lauceston, 6 October 1921, aged 77



Born Spring Bay, VDL (TAS), 18 December 1848
Married Nathaniel Henry Propsting, Hobart, 31 August 1871
Died Huon, TAS, 4 October 1926


Soprano vocalist

Born Huonville, TAS, 23 March 1855
Died Bromley, Kent, England, 20 September 1935 (TROVE tagged) (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)


"TOWN HALL OPENING MUSICAL FESTIVAL", Tasmanian Morning Herald (1 October 1866), 4 


"ISRAEL IN EGYPT", The Tasmanian Times (20 August 1867), 3 

... The duet for two sopranos, "The Lord is my strength" was rendered by ths Misses Sherwin with extraordinary accuracy, and with great sweetness. Their time and harmony were all that conld be desired. We wish those young ladies could only be induced to take the same pains with the dramatic elocution, as they most conscientiously bestow upon ths scientific vocalisation, of the parts they undertake on these occasions. But their admirable singing too often fails of its full and proper effect from the want of animation which pervades their enunciation of the words ...

[Advertisement], The Mercury (15 November 1867), 1

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Tasmanian Times (20 November 1868), 2 

Several solo songs by the Misses Sherwin were very exquisitely given, and encored. Two chorusses from Maritana were very well performed.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (1 July 1869), 1

MUSICAL. MISS SHERWIN is desirous of obtaining a limited number of Pupils for instruction in the Pianoforte. Terms upon application. 21, Williamson-street, Hobart Town.

"THE TOWN HALL ORGAN. GRAND OPENING CONCERT", The Mercury (18 March 1870), 3 

... A song by Miss Lucy Sherwin, " The Maid of Judah," followed, and, but for a little tremulousness in the voice caused by timidity would have been faultlessly executed. A solo on the organ, "Offertoire in F," played by Mr. J. E. Packer, was succeeded by a solo regarded by many as the gem of the evening. We refer to the song with a semi-chorus of one voice to each part, "Et Inflammatus," rendered by Miss S. Sherwin. This young lady's beautiful contralto voice rang out clear and distinct, and she received a perfect ovation when the piece was finished. Miss Oldham next sang "O rest in the Lord," an air selected from the oratorio Elijah, after which the quartette "Honor and Glory," from Naaman, in which the Misses S. and L. Sherwin, Mr. Henry Hunter, and Mr. F. Packer took part, was rendered. A quintette, "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel," came next, and the Misses S. and L. Sherwin, and Messrs. Hunter, Cox, and W. H. Smith may be congratulated upon the success which attended their efforts, for although the piece was an exceedingly difficult one, not a single hitch occurred to mar the rendering ... Next followed the duet, "Quis est homo," by the Misses Sherwin, who gave it with great sweetness and expression ... Miss S. Sherwin when called upon for the song next set down on the programme for her, was accorded an enthusiastic reception, her former efforts having installed her in the good graces of the audience. "The Legend of the Crossbill," composed by Mr. F. Packer, is a very simple, but exceedingly pretty piece of music, and received full justice at the hands of Miss S. Sherwin. Mr. Packer played an accom- paniment on the flute and piccolo stops of the organ ...


"MISS SHERWIN'S CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (5 October 1872), 5

... This is the first appearance of these ladies in Launceston, though their reputation as singers of the first order had preceded their arrival. Miss Sherwin is possessed of a deep, rich, clear soprano voice, with a considerable range, and is under excellent control-the highest and lowest notes being executed with ease and grace, without the slightest apparent straining. Perhaps, to give honor to whom honor is due, we may state that Miss Sherwin has been for some time a pupil of Mr. A. Alexander. Miss Amy Sherwin has a very sweet voice, of contralto order, which, properly speaking, may be termed a mezzo soprano ...

"MISS SHERWIN'S CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Cornwall Chronicle (7 October 1872), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (13 April 1874), 1

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MISS AMY SHERWIN", Launceston Examiner (26 October 1876), 2 


The present season of Opera will always be a marked one in the memories of the musical world of Hobart Town, as having witnessed the débuts of two colonial ladies upon the operatic stage. Of the appearance of Miss Bessie Pitts as "Rosina" we have already written, and we have now to record the unqualified success of Miss Amy Sherwin, who appeared last night, for the first time, as "Norina" in Don Pasquale ...

[Advertisement], The Mercury (3 October 1879), 3

"SUMMARY OF NEWS FOR HOME READERS", The Mercury (28 July 1883), 4

"DEATHS", Examiner (7 October 1921), 1

"OBITUARY", Examiner (22 June 1926), 4

... Mr. Barclay in 1814 married Miss Sarah Elizabeth Sherwin, of "Forest Home," Huon, which is one of the original homesteads still standing on the River Huon. Mrs. Barclay, who died in 1921, was a sister of Madame Amy Sherwin, with whom she sang at many amateur concerts in Launceston and elsewhere.

"DEATHS", The Mercury (6 October 1926), 1 

"MUSIC AND MUSICIANS Alderman E. J. Rogers A Chat About Old Times", The Mercury (28 August 1929), 5

"Amy Sherwin Dies At 81, Penniless", Rochester Journal [USA] (21 September 1935), 3

BROMLEY, Kent, Eng. Sept. 21. - (AP) - Amy Sherwin, noted operatic soprano, died here today. She was eighty-one. The singer, who once filled the concert halls of America with her golden voice and earned as much as 3,000 pounds sterling yearly, died almost forgotten, lonely and penniless. Living in a fine style had depleted her resources and charges of the nursing home where she died had to be paid by charity.

"TASMANIAN SINGER Madame Amy Sherwin Death in London Noted Prima Donna", The Mercury (23 September 1935), 7

"LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. Amy Sherwin's Career", The Mercury (24 September 1935), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Deirdre Morris, Sherwin, Frances Amy Lillian (1855-1935), Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

SHERWIN, Eliza (Tasma SHERWIN; Elsa SHERWIN) = Madame Leon CARON

Soprano vocalist

Born Hobart, TAS, ?
Married Leon Caron, (1) ?
Married Leon Caron, (2) 25 January 1894


"A MATRIMONIAL EPISODE", The Mercury (1 March 1894), 2 

A MATRIMONIAL EPISODE. - The following extract from the Sun, Melbourne Society paper, may interest some of our Hobart readers -"A theatrical romance reached its culminating point on Thursday, January 25, when M. Leon Caron, the conductor of the Williamson and Musgrove Opera Company, and composer of the 1880 Exhibition Cantata, was married for the second time to Miss Tasma Sherwin. The reason of this second marriage was the supposed illegality of the first contracted in Sydney seven years ago However, as the alliance was entered upon on the advice of the late Mr. W. B. Dalley, one of the cleverest lawyers Australia has yet produced, its legality would appear to be indisputable. The facts are these. In 1868, when M. Caron was a lad of l8 travelling in America as a violinist, he met and married a lady 27 years older than himself. This lady was already married to a Mr. William Bowles, whom she divorced some mouths after her marriage with M. Caron. Such an ill sorted union could have only one result, and as the years went by the young musician had reason to repent his folly. Still the pair kept together until M. Caron's arrival in Australia, and during his subsequent travels as the conductor of the Montague-Turner, Emelie Melville, and other opera companies. The lady was the first to tire of her spouse, but in view of a possible quarrel was shrewd enough to persuade lum to settle all his savings upon her. Thus the proceeds of the 1880 Cantata, and the greater portion of his salary (£20 a week) went to form a comfortable sum for a rainy day. Ten years ago M. Caron met Miss Sherwin and fell in love with her. Some of his Sydney friends, knowing the unusual character of the first marriage advised him to seek legal advice, with the result that the late Mr. W. B. Dalley expressed himself as above stated. On Miss Sherwin's marriage with M. Caron, the first wife threatened an action for bigamy, and proceedings were actually commenced here in Melbourne. For M. Caron's defence it was indispensable that the evidence of Mr. Bowles should be secured, but this gentleman was undiscoverable, owing principally to M. Caron's lack of funds. One agent had been sent to New York, where it was proved that Mr. Bowles had left for France. M. Caron decided to make an allowance of £150 a year, and latterly of £100, paid through Messrs. Maddeu and Butler, to his first wife until tidings were received of Bowles' whereabouts. Nothing, however, was heard of him till last year, when M. Caron placed the matter in the hands of a confidential agent in Paris, when it was found that Bowles had died in 1891. There the affair ended, M. Caron despaired of ever proving the real facts of the case, and perforce submitted to circumstances. Fate, however, cut the knot by the death of the first wife last December 23, and M. Caron hastened to legalise the Sydney, marriage with Miss Sherwin by a civil marriage at the Registrar-General's office on Thursday, January 25. Mr. H. H. Hayter performed the ceremony, this being the first time he had been called on to administer the marriage law since taking up the duties of Registrar-General. We may add that Mrs. Caron nee Miss Eliza Sherwin (stage name Tasma Sherwin), is no relation to Miss Amy Sherwin, another of Tasmania's gifted singers.

SHERWIN, Walter (alias of John SHICKLE)

Tenor vocalist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 June 1856 (via Melbourne, VIC)
Died Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW (en route from China to Melbourne), 22 September 1881, aged 53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Sherwin arrived in Australia in 1856 as tenor of a touring operatic party including Julia Harland, Robert Farquharson and Linley Norman. He was returning from Hong Kong with the Carandinis when he fell ill and died in Sydney in 1881.


"THEATRICAL", The Argus (27 June 1856), 5

"SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1856), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (23 September 1881), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1881), 5


Violin maker

Active Tasmania, 1858


"ROYAL SOCIETY OF TASMANIA", The Courier (28 April 1858), 2

Mr. William Shield, the maker of a violin (exhibited) which is constructed of colonial woods, namely Musk-wood and Huon Pine. The instrument is artistically executed, and its tone was pronounced by some members present to be full, fine, and mellow in a degree beyond what could have been anticipated from timbers so imperfectly seasoned. The following resolution was passed upon a motion made by the Ven. Archdeacon Davies, seconded by Dr. Agnew: "That the Secretary will be good enough to procure the attendance of Shield, the maker of the violin now exhibited, at the next monthly meeting of the Society, in order to have the benefit of his observations on the fitness and adaptability of Tasmanian timber to such purposes."

"ROYAL SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (22 May 1858), 2

In the course of the evening Mr. Vautin was introduced, together with Mr. Shiel, the maker of the violin which was exhibited at the last monthly meeting as having been constructed of colonial woods-namely, Musk Wood and Huon Pine, and the opinions of the latter stated upon the value and adaptability of various Tasmanian timbers to such purposes ... Mr. Shiel having promised to bring under notice of the society everything worth reporting which might present itself in the course of trials about to be made by him to test the value of several Tasmanian woods for the construction of musical instruments.

SHOOBERT, Wild Abercormbie

Amateur musician, composer

Born Mount Keira, NSW, 28 December 1845
Died Mosman, NSW, 1901


Son of captain James Conrad Shoobert, Sydney shipowner and maritime identity, Wild Schoobert composed The Bombay galop ("dedicated to Captain Burne and the officers of the R.M.S.S. Bombay"), published by James Reading & Co. of Sydney in November 1867 (cover only image:

An unidentified "waltz, composed by Mr. Shoobert, an amateur musician", appeared in 1864.

Wild Schoobert was later a surveyor-draftsman (see, e.g.: and


"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1845), 3

"WATER POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1860), 5

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 October 1864), 8

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 November 1867), 1

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 June 1879), 3

SHORN, Edward

Itinerant musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852


"WATER POLICE OFFICE", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1852), 2

Edward Shorn, an aged itinerant musician, was charged with being illegally at large in Sydney, he holding a ticket-of-leave for Maitland.

SIDONIA, pseudonym of SALWAY, William

SIEDE, Julius

Flautist, conductor, composer

Born Dresden, Saxony, 1825
Active Victoria, by September 1856
Died Auburn, VIC, 23 April 1903 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

SIEDE, August

Pianist, conductor, composer, music journalist (The Argus)

Born Melbourne, c.1870
Died London, 16 September 1925


Image (Julius):


Julius Siede, "Flautist from the Opera, Berlin", had joined Anna Bishop and George Loder's touring company in Victoria by September 1856. In fact, he had lived in the United States since 1848, touring there with Jenny Lind and previously with Bishop. Siede stayed on in Melbourne, and lived until 1903, contributing over almost four decades toward the professionalisation of musical life of Melbourne (his son, August, was also an occasional composer).

In 1859, at a performance of "Verdi's new and most popular opera La Traviata", he introduced a "new National Song", Advance Australia ("Composed expressly for, and sung by, Mons. Emile Coulon"), and a Grand Overture for "a complete orchestra", the first of several overtures he introduced in Victoria, variously performed by orchestra or military band (also including Faust and Margarethe, Festival, and Anthony and Cleopatra).

He wrote choral works for the Melbourne Liedertafel, including Hymn to the night and The occultation of Orion (Longfellow), as well as a great deal of military band music. None of his works is known to survive.

August Siede's Ancient dance for the pianoforte was published in Melbourne in 1908.

Ballarat October 1856: Herr Siede gave another of his delightful executions upon the flute, over which instrument he seems to have a perfect mastery; the expression, with which his countenance is by no means largely endowed, appearing to have accumulated with unwonted power in his nimbly moving digits, giving to them the faculty of rapid and faultless manipulation.

Obituary 1903: Herr Julius Siede, the well known musician, died at his residence in Auburn on Thursday night, at the age of 78. Herr Siede was one of Melbourne's oldest musicians, having been a resident of the city since 1855. He had previously travelled through America as solo flautist with the celebrated singer, Jenny Lind, and, after arriving in Australia, made a two-years' tour with Madame Anna Bishop. Subsequently he was conductor of Lyster's famous opera company, and in 1872 became conductor of the Melbourne Liedertafel, in which position he continued until 1890. Herr Siede's wife pre-deceased him. He leaves two daughters and five sons, one of whom is Mr. August Siede, also well known in the musical world, who is now on a trip to Europe. The funeral will be held this afternoon at half-past 2, and will be attended by past and present members of the Melbourne Liedertafel, who will sing a requiem over the grave.

December 1903: Mr. August Siede, of Melbourne, an Australian composer, produced last night at Dreaden his lyric symphony, "The Australian Walpurgisnight." The performance was well received. Mr. August Siede is the son of the late Mr. Julius Siede. He left Melbourne two years ago for a course of study in Europe. He was known in Melbourne as the conductor of the Melbourne Liedertafel, and as a composer and excellent organist. His chief compositions are a setting of the last three stanzas of Shelley's "Adonais", which was performed by the Melbourne Liedertafel, and a symphonic overture, performed by Mr. Marshall Hall's orchestra, under the composer's direction, at its 49th concert in the Melbourne Town Hall.

Obituary 1923: Private messages received in Melbourne yesterday announced the death in London on September 16, of Mr. August Siede, well known in musical circles in Melbourne as a pianist, organist, conductor, and critic. A cultured and accomplished musician and a scholarly writer on musical subjects, Mr. Siede was for some years musical critic of The Argus ... He was aged about 55 years.


"GEELONG", The Argus (10 September 1856), 6

"MONTEZUMA THEATRE", The Star (21 October 1856), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 April 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 December 1859), 8

"MR. JULIUS SIEDE", The Argus (30 September 1887), 7

"HERR JULIUS SIEDE", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 April 1890), 9

"PERSONAL", The Argus (24 April 1903), 13

"A MELBOURNE COMPOSER. SUCCESS IN EUROPE", The Mercury (29 December 1903), 5

"AN AUSTRALIAN COMPOSER. MR. AUGUST SIEDE AT DRESDEN", The West Australian (29 December 1903), 5

"PERSONAL", The Argus (27 October 1925), 10

Bibliography and resources:

Thérèse Radic, "Siede, Julius (1825-1903)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

SIGMONT, William Abercrombie (William Abercrombie Dignum SIGMONT)

Professor of music, pianist, bass vocalist, guitarist, organist, composer

Born UK, c.1797/98
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 13 August 1849 (per Madawaska, via Adelaide and Melbourne)
Died Goulburn, NSW, 6 October 1867, aged 70 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Teacher of singing, the piano, and the French language


Sigmont, in his early 50s (and, I imagine, of mixed Scottish-German-Hungarian Catholic descent), arrived in Sydney with his wife and three children on 13 August 1849, and advertised on 18 August as:

... late professor of Music at Vienna, in the family of Prince Metternich, begs to inform the public of Sydney that he has just arrived from England, and is desirous of giving instruction in Singing and the Guitar, Pianoforte, Violin, and the Organ. Mr. S., whilst in England, having been appointed Professor of the German and French Languages at two of the head grammar schools, is desirous of teaching the above languages either in private or at schools.

He had been in England since 1830 or earlier, active as a Catholic organist and choirmaster in Newcastle and Hull. He dedicated his first few years in NSW to concert giving, eventually working with most of the major Sydney musical fraternity. At his second concert in March 1850, Bell's Life found:

This gentleman improves on acquaintance ... There was a boldness and full tone in the performer's singing.

Schubert's Erl king:

deserves to be better known here than it hitherto has been. None can make it become so, better than Mr. S.

And in Thalberg's God save the Queen and Rule Britannia he "evidenced consummate talent".

Sigmont presented several of his own compositions, including the Zigueuner waltzes, and extracts from The red cross banner ("a patriotic Ode, the music by Mr. Sigmont, consisting of an Overture, a triumphal march, a double chorus, and four other chorusses; three solos and a duet").

At his fourth concert in August he was assisted by Abraham Emanuel and the Gautrots, and later that month and into September he accompanied Marie Carandini and Sara Flower in three concerts in Maitland. He also lectured on Scottish music, accompanied St. Mary's Choral Society, and took music classes for the School of Arts.

He settled in Goulburn in 1853, and in January 1855 was accompanist for concerts there by Miska Hauser and Ali-Ben Sou-Alle


"NEW MUSICAL WORKS", The Harmonicon 8 (1830), 442

[Music reviews], The National Standard of Literature, Science, Music (13 April 1833), 239

[Advertisement], Newcastle Journal (16 July 1836), 2

MR. W. A. SIGMONT, PROFESSOR OF MUSIC, (From the Continent), respectfully informs the Nobility, Gentry, and the Public, that he will RE-COMMENCE giving INSTRUCTIONS on the PIANO-FORTE and SINGING, the 29th Instant. The most respectable References will be given. George Inn, Pilgrim-Street, July 13th.

"1837 (Oct. 29)", The local historian's table book of remarkable occurrences 4 (Newcastle: M. A. Richardson, 1844), 398

[Advertisement], Newcastle Journal (25 November 1837), 1

NEWCASTLE & GATESHEAD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. THIRD SEASON ... their FIRST DRESS CONCERT for the Season will take Place in the MUSIC HALL, BLACKETT-STREET, on Tuesday, November 28, 1837. PRINCIPAL VOCAL PERFORMERS, MISS C. A. BIRCH, (From the "Philharmonic Concerts," ...) Mrs. CORRIE, Miss E. M. A. ATKINSON, (of the Theatre Royal, Newcastle,) Mr. W. WATSON, Mr. SMITH, Mr. STODHART. The Orchestra will full and efficient, comprising nearly all the Professional Talent of the Town, assisted several Amateurs. Leader Mr. BAGNALL. Conductor Mr. W. WATSON. Solo Pianiste Mr. SIGMONT ... PROGRAMME ... SOLO - Piano Forte - Mr. Sigmont, Thalberg ...

[Advertisement], Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette (25 October 1838), 2

PIANO-FORTE, HARP, and SINGING. MR. W. A. SIGMONT, from Vienna (late Instructor in the family of his Serene Highness Prince Metternich) respectfully announced to the Nobility and Gentry of Bath that he has commenced giving INSTRUCTIONS IN MUSIC. Address No. 10, DUKE STREET, NORTH PARADE.

[Advertisement], Hull Advertiser and Exchange Gazette (26 June 1840), 4

SCHOLASTIC ESTABLISHMENT, LAIR-GATE, BEVERLEY ... French Language - Mons. BOULLAND, German Language - Professor W. A. SIGMONT, Dancing Master - Professor JACKSON ...

"HULL CATHOLIC CHAPEL", York Herald (19 September 1840), 3

On Sunday last ... the music was Mozart's Mass, No. 12 ... Mr. Sigmont presided at the organ ... In the evening, Vespers were sung, which opened with a beautiful Motett by Sigmont. The Magnificat in C, by Sigmont, is a splendid piece, and was given with great effect by this very able choir ...

"HULL HOLY CATHOLIC GUILD", Bengal Catholic Herald (17 April 1841), 84

UK, 1841 census, Yorkshire, Kingston upon Hull, parish of Holy Trinity, Logan St.

William Sigmont, age 40, musician, born [UK]

"MARRIAGES", Hull Advertiser and Exchange Gazette (22 April 1842), 5

On Saturday, the 16th inst., at Christ Church, Mr. William Sigmont, to Miss Lucy March, both of this town.

"YORKSHIRE AMATEUR MUSICAL SOCIETY", Hull Packet (20 June 1845), 5

This delightful re-union of the musical amateurs of Yorkshire took place in this town on Wednesday and yesterday. This is the thirty-seventh anniversary of this society, which holds its annual meetings in rotation at Leeds, Sheffield, York, and Hull ... [first concert ] ... Mr. Sigmont's overture to the "Red Cross Banner" came next, and served admirably as a contrast to Kalliwoda's symphony with which the concert commenced ...

"HULL HARMONIC SOCIETY", Hull Advertiser and Exchange Gazette (8 September 1848), 5

The second secular concert of this society took place in the Public-rooms, Jarratt-street, on Friday evening last. As compliment to local talent, no less than three new overtures by members of this society, each of them possessing great merit, were performed, and received a deserving applause from a numerous audience. The first overture was introductory to a somewhat incongruous pasticcio (or, as it was termed in the programme, "ode"), called "The Red Cross Banner," compiled Mr. Sigmont, the present leader of the Hull Harmonic Society. The title of this piece is infelicitous as regarding both poetry (?) and music. It commences with a tenor solo, followed with an "azure-main" or "Rule- Britannia" chorus. Then we have a snatch of Bishop Heber's song, "When eyes are beaming," originally written as a duet, but on the present occasion attempted as a solo. This was followed by a mutilated version of Calcott's glee, "The Red Cross Knight" (which, by the way, seemed to the most relished in the piece, and only escaped an encore from the veto against repetitions being printed at the commencement of the book of words). "The Smile" followed - and, if we might judge from the risible countenances of the audience, it appeared to be reciprocated in its true sense. Chorus, "Napoleon's Burial" (the most artistic composition, perhaps, in the whole compilation); recit., "Arise to heaven," and air, "O say, sweet captive warbler," with an (attempted) accompaniment on Messrs. Forster and Andrew's newly-invented instrument, the "Piccolo Organette." Why Mr. Sigmont should be so careless in his fingering of this instrument we are at a loss to conjecture. It left an indefinite impression as to the merits of the invention. An accomplished pianiste (as Mr. S. undoubtedly is) should have shown more interest in bringing out the capabilities of an instrument invented his brother-townsmen. Another "Rule-Britannia" chorus (in which the "Hip, hip, hurrah! hurrah!" was disagreeably predominant); a solo, "The Red Cross Banner;" and a "Triumphal March and Chorus," concluded this most singular pout-pourri. Mr. Sigmont was the primo tenore in the whole of the solos (with one exception) in "The Red Cross Banner," therefore those of our readers who were absent need not regret the treat they lost in not hearing this gentleman's vocal display. The second part opened with a MS. overture, the composition of Mr. H. Deval, and conducted by the composer in person ...

[Advertisement], Hull Packet (5 January 1849), 4

MR. SIGMONT, Professor of Music, and of the German and French Languages at the Grammar Schools of Hull and Beverley, begs to inform the Public that after having filled the situation of Organist at St. John's Church for three years, he has been called upon the deliver up the Keys, owing to the deficiency of Funds. He feels himself, therefore, at liberty and is desirous to obtain another Situation as Organist. Address, No. 16, North Street, Charlotte Street.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1850), 1

"MR. SIGMONT'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (2 February 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1850), 1

"MR. SIGMONT'S MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Bell's Life in Sydney (23 March 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1850), 1

"A NIGHT WITH SIGMONT", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 April 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1850), 1

MR. SIGMONT respectfully informs the public that his terms for teaching the Pianoforte, Singing, and the Guitar, are four guineas per quarter for each. Half hour lessons are two guineas per quarter. The Red Cross Banner, a patriotic Ode, the music by Mr. Sigmont, consisting of an Overture, a triumphal march, a double chorus, and four other chorusses; three solos and a duet, is being put in rehearsal, and will be shortly produced in public under distinguished patronage. Woollooomooloo-street, three doors beyond Mr. Scott's house-name upon the door, and at Mrs. Trood's Printing Office, King street. German and French in classes, at one guinea per quarter; single lessons, two guineas per quarter.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1850), 1

"THE PATENT HARMONIUM", Bell's Life in Sydney (27 July 1850), 2

"THE PATENT HARMONIUM", Bell's Life in Sydney (3 August 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1850), 1

"CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (31 August 1850), 2

"CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (7 September 1850), 2

"MR. SIGMONT'S MUSICAL LECTURE", Empire (5 November 1851), 3

"MR. A. MOORE'S SOIREE MUSICALE", Bell's Life in Sydney (29 November 1851), 2

"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Empire (24 February 1852), 2

"MUSIC IN THE METROPOLIS", Empire (19 April 1852), 2

"MR. WALLER'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (11 September 1852), 2

"IMPROMPTU", Bell's Life in Sydney (5 February 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (20 August 1853), 3

"GOULBURN", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1854), 3


"SOIREE", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 February 1864), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1867), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1867), 1

SIMEON, Michael

Singer, choir leader (Hobart Synagogue)

Born 1824
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 22 October 1843 (free per Flying Squirrel, with his wife Sarah)

Summary (Levi):

Chorister at the Consecration 1845, Hobart Town Courier reported he "possesses a falsetto voice of good quality rarely met with"; assisted Isaac Solomon in arranging the music for the dedication of the Synagogue building; returned to England in early 1850s. [CSO 92/11, p. 103; Levi 2013, These are the names, 745-46].




... Mr. H.Jones officiated as reader; his chanrts were given with admirable intonation. The orchestral department combined the talent of Messrs. Gautrot, Curtis, Duly, and Singer, ably led by Mr. Reichenberg. The choir was exceedingly effective, the principal parts being admirably given by Mr. M. Simeon, who possesses a falsetto voice of good quality and rarely met with ...

"THE SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (11 July 1845), 3

In answer to numerous enquiries as to whether the gentlemen composing the choir at the opening of the Jewish Synagogue last Friday were professionals, we can inform our readers that the whole of them (consisting of Messrs. M. S. Simeon, treble; D. Allen, tenor; E. Isaacs, counter tenor; Isaac Solomon and H. Nathan, bass;) were young men of the Hebrew religion, one of whom (Mr. Simeon) had assisted in a similar ceremony at home, and remembering the melodies, sung them to Mr. Reichenberg, who most felicitously melodized them. Mr. R attempted, and it must be admitted, accomplished the teaching five persons to sing in parts, and acquiring himself sufficient Hebrew to comprehend what he had to teach, in a manner which must increase the already high opinion entertained by the Tasmanian public of his professional superiority.

"THE SYNAGOGUE", The Observer (15 July 1845), 3 

In our last a paragraph was omitted in which we sought to do justice to some whose names were not mentioned with that praise which was due to them for the part they performed in the opening service at tho Synagogue. The music we learn was brought to this colony by Mr. Simeon, whose melodious voice was so much admired in company with the voice of Messrs. Edward Isaacs, Henry Nathan, David Allen, and Isaac Solomons. The vocal attraction at the Synagogue is likely to draw many visitors from time to time, whose interest is not likely to stop with that gratification, or benefit be confined to the hearing of the ear.


Actor, manager, comedian, songwriter

Born ? UK, c.1827/28
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 August 1855 (per Fanny Major, from San Francisco)
Died Auckland, NZ, 17 October 1870


Described at least once later as an "American actor", Simmonds arrived in Australia with Lola Montez, Charles Eigenschenck, and Harriet Fiddes in August 1855.

His published collection, Lyrics: a Collection of Songs, Ballads, and Poems (by James Simmonds, Comedian) (Sydney: James Fryer, 1858) contains some songs previously published set to music by J. R. Thomas and others in the United States where Simmonds was associated with several minstrel companies, including Buckley's Serenaders. However, the most famous of these, Let us speak of a man as we find him, set to music by Thomas and published in the USA in 1854, was not his original lyric, and is known in several earlier sources.

Another song from this collection, The world within and the world without was set in Australia by Sidney Nelson in May 1857. Henry Squires also sang, and J.R. Clarke published in Sydney in 1861 the Thomas/Simmonds song , Some one to love.

Simmonds's last documented new song was Viva l'Australia, for Raffaele Abecco, in April 1865. Simmonds died suddenly of apoplexy in Auckland in 1870, reportedly aged 42 (elsewhere 38).

George Loder arranged the music for his August 1857 extravaganza, The lady killer; or, The devil in Sydney.

According to Mimi Colligan, J. E. Neild later recalled him as a:

low Jew who was for a time a theatrical man in Melbourne. He died poor and miserably in New Zealand.

W. H. Stephen, in his MS journal, "My diary from Sydney" (1 May 1858 to 6 June 1859; University of California Library, Los Angeles, Special Collections, MSS 170/11), gives an account of the decline of drama in New South Wales, a decline that he blames on the arrival of the comedian James Simmonds, a performer brought to Australia by Lola Montez.

Obituary (Echuca): James Simmonds, manager, actor and poet, we learn by telegram, died at Auckland, on the 18th instant, aged 38 [? 42]. Whatever may have been his faults, his faults, his death will be keenly felt by many who knew his natural kindness of heart and geniality of disposition. This last quality indeed was the rock on which, like many more of his calling, he wrecked a life which at one time was full of promise.

1894: Mr. James Simmonds was well known as an actor and a manager. At one time he managed the Eagle theatre, in Sudbury street, Boston, Mass.. He was the author of several songs, one of which, entitled Speak of a Man as You find Him, has enjoyed much popularity. 

1908: It was then my fortune to be introduced to Mr. James Simmonds, of East Melbourne, virtual proprietor of the new Princess Theatre, who was bringing Joseph Jefferson to Australia. He lived with his mother in a charming villa in that exclusive quarter, where I remember two delightful evenings. He was known amongst his friends as a poet. Some poems he had composed attracted favorable notice in the Press, and subsequently a small volume was published.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 May 1857), 1

[Advertisement]: "ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 August 1857), 1

"THE DRAMA. THE ROYAL VICTORIA", Bell's Life in Sydney (29 August 1857), 2

"Review", Bell's Life in Sydney (20 February 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 April 1865), 8

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (30 September 1865), 2

G. B. Barton, Literature in New South Wales (Sydney, 1866), 103

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (25 December 1866), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (30 January 1868), 1

"REVIEW", The Ballarat Star (11 January 1867), 2-3

"DEATHS", Daily Southern Cross (7 November 1870), 2

"TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCHES", The Argus (24 October 1870), 6

[News], Riverine Herald (26 October 1870), 2

"STAGE RECOLLECTIONS ... By C. W.", Evening News (1 August 1908), 4

Bibliography and resources:

William Winter, Life and art of Joseph Jefferson (New York: Macmillan, 1894), 172

Mimi Colligan, "Theatre in the Neild Scrapbooks", La Trobe Library Journal 83 (May 2009)


SIMMONS, Joseph (alias RAY; Mr. RAY; Mr. SIMMONS; Mr. Joseph SIMMONS)

Vocalist, falsettist, songwriter, actor, theatre manager

Born England, ? 1810
Arrived (1) Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 May 1830, for Sydney (passenger per Arab, from London, 23 January)
Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), November 1832 (per Arethusa, for England)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 21 December 1833 (per Brothers, from Land's End, 3 September)
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 August 1893, aged 84 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE public tag) (TROVE public tag)

SIMMONS, Sophie (Sophia SIMMONS; Miss Sophie SIMMONS)

Soprano vocalist, pianist, pupil of Eliza Wallace Bushelle, teacher of music

Born ? Sydney, NSW, c.1844/5
Died Melbourne, VIC, 11 May 1909, aged 64



Born ? Sydney, NSW, 1847


Portrait of Joseph Simmons, the country storekeeper (Heads of the People, 1847)


As Joseph Simomns, he passed through Hobart in 1830 en route to Sydney. As Joseph Ray, he returned to spend two months in Hobart in late 1832 and gave at least two entertainments with, among others, Sophia Letitia Davis and John Philip Deane. According to the Colonial Times, Ray did not "shine as a musician ... his ear is by no means perfect, and he frequently gives whole passages far from being in tune." Nevertheless, another paper found him "successful in delighting the audience, particularly in the song of the Spider and fly, which he gave with considerable comic effect".

For US editions of that song, words by Thomas Hudson, see:; and

In December 1832, he sailed from Hobart for England. Having been in business in Sydney first as an auctioneer and, after his return visit to England in 1833, as a shopkeeper, in February 1834 Simmons went into a theatrical partnership with Barnett Levey, taking "the entire management of the stage". In his early months at the theatre he sang Dibdin's Farewell my trim-built wherry, as well as introducing topical parodies on songs including The spider and the fly.

According to the Australian, one of his colleagues tried to match him in September by introducing an "extemporaneous song (after the manner of Mr. Simmons) which it had been perhaps more judicious, to omit." In the farce High life below stairs in January 1836, Simmons both danced a Mock minuet de la Cour and sang a Mock Italian bravura. The Gazette reported:

The Gavotte [sic] by Simmons and Mrs. Jones was danced with a comic aping of ton, highly amusing, and Simmons's mock Bravura, which was executed with foppish extravagance, together with his tremor and nervous agitation at the close of the song, relieved by the application of "O'Colleen" by Lady Charlotte, and the put on exquisite solicitude of the rest of the party, was highly comic and entertaining.

In spirit, if not perhaps in every musical detail, he later revived this as the Mock Italian aria in Charles Nagel's burletta Mock Catalani in 1842.

Later examples, in May and June 1843, were his An extemporaneous song in the character of Billy Barlow and An extemporaneous song upon the election. He announced his retirement from the stage in April 1845.

Simmons was given a benefit at the Theatre Royal, Sydney, as late as June 1879, and was still advertising as a dramatic instructor in 1890 ("the pioneer of the drama in Australia; every branch of the art taught").


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (14 May 1830), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 June 1831), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 April 1832), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (16 November 1832), 3

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (19 October 1832), 3

[News], Colonial Times (20 November 1832), 2

Mr. Ray does not shine as a musician, his voice is rather powerful in the lower notes, and the falsetto decent, especially the upper tones, but he has little idea of cleverly passing from his natural voice to the falsetto - there is a degree of difficulty when he arrives at passages requiring the blending of the two - beside one very serious drawback to Mr. Ray, being considered a good musician, is that, his ear is by no means perfect, and he frequently gives whole passages far from being in tune.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (23 November 1832), 2

"VAN DIEMEN'S LAND", The Australian (7 December 1832), 3

[News], Colonial Times (30 December 1832), 2

"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 December 1832), 3 

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 December 1833), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 January 1834), 2

[News], The Sydney Monitor (14 February 1834), 3

"The Drama", The Australian (21 February 1834), 2


"THEATRICALS", The Australian (3 June 1834), 2

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (26 September 1834), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 January 1836), 3

"SYDNEY THEATRICALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 January 1836), 2

"LAW INTELLIGENCE ... Simmons v. Levey", The Sydney Monitor (12 October 1836), 2 

To the Inhabitants of Hobart Town and Launceston. BEWARE OF A MAD DOG ... Mr. Simmons alias Ray, having taken leave of the Sydney stage, and I verily believe of his senses also, through the medium of the public journals in a spiteful blackguard advertisement ... (Signed) BARNET LEVEY.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 May 1842), 2

[Advertisement]: "ROYAL CITY THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1843), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 June 1843), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1843), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1845), 1

"OPERATIC AND BALLAD CONCERT AT DEL SARTE'S ROOM", The Mercury (22 October 1868), 2 

"QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 May 1879), 3 

"Life in Sydney Forty Years Ago", Evening News (27 May 1879), 3 

"AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 June 1879), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 February 1890), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1890), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 August 1893), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 August 1893), 14 

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (12 July 1905), 3 

... At the Masonic Hall, in York-street, Mr. Simmons gave a novel and amusing entertainment, before a select and appreciative audience. To be precise, it was on Saturday evening, January 7, 1879 ... An addition to Mr. Simmons' entertainment was Miss Sophie Simmons, who sang several songs, in which she was accompanied by Mr. Packer on the piano. Her exquisite rendering of a "Dream Within a Dream," of Edgar Allen Poe, the music by Pontal, fairly took the audience by storm, and great things were predicted for the young lady, who was a Sydney native. Mr. Simmons lived to a great age, and has left a number of his name in Sydney. I am not aware how Miss Sophie Simmons succeeded in after life, but shall be glad to know ...

"MUMMER MEMOIRS", Sydney Sportsman (2 August 1905), 3 

I made mention of an old time manager and actor, Mr. Joseph Simmons, in "Sportsman," July 19, and expressed a wish to hear something of his daughter, a young lady, pupil of Madame Wallace Bushelle (a sister of Vincent Wallace, the composer of "Maritana" and other operas), who in the late seventies made a very successful appearance in the Masonic Hall, then the fashionable concert hall of Sydney. I have had the pleasure of an interview with Miss Sophie Simmons at her residence, Macleay-street, Potts Point, and am pleased to have added to my list of intelligent acquaintances a lady whose knowledge of musical matters and musical lore in Sydney is of the widest. I have been placed in possession of many highly interesting reminiscences of Mr. Joseph Summons, which I am privileged to publish in the near future.

"MUMMER MEMOIRS. REMINISCENT OF JOSEPH SIMMONS ...", Sydney Sportsman (25 October 1905), 3

"MUMMER MEMOIRS. MORE ABOUT MR. JOSEPH SIMMONS", Sydney Sportsman (8 November 1905), 3 


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1909), 12 

"Theatrical Gossip", The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People (17 April 1909), 11

Miss Sophie Simmons died the other day, aged 65. She was the daughter of Joseph Simmons, who ran the Theatre Royal, now Dymock's book-shop, in the thirties. When Miss Simmons was born, in 1843, her father was one of the stock company at the old Victoria. He was, however, auctioneer and general merchant as well. Miss Simmons was known in all the capitals of the Commonwealth as a teacher of music.

Bibliography and resources:

H. L. Oppenheim, "Simmons, Joseph (1810-1893)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)


SIMMONS, Julia (later Julia SYDNEY; Mrs. William Morgan ORR)

Soprano vocalist, composer

Born Sydney, NSW, 1839 (BDM NSW 134/1839)
Died Paddington, NSW, 16 October 1909

SIMMONS, Laurence



Daughter of auctioneer and old colonist Isaac Simmons (d. 1872), niece of the actor Joseph Simmons, and "pupil of Signor Luigi Arditi" (1863), Julia Simmons announced her grand concert for 16 August 1861, assisted by Frederick Ellard, Alfred Anderson, the harpist T. H. Brooks, and Douglas Callen and the Band of the 12th Regiment. She then sang Ah, fors e lui from La Traviata, and Arditi's duet, Trema o vil (with Sara Flower) for Callen and the Sydney Philharmonic Society in September. The press greeted her as "our new Australian debutante", and later:

In the prayer and cavatina, "Casta Diva," the highly cultivated voice, and correct musical taste of Miss Julia Simmons were heard to the greatest advantage, her execution of the grand invocation of the druidical priestess being honoured with a rapturous encore.

At the Orpheonist Society concert in August 1862, "As an encore [Miss Simmons] gave Lily Lee, a ballad of her own composition. Mr. [Frederick] Ellard accompanied Miss Simmons on the pianoforte". She sang a solo at York Street Synagogue in September 1862, under musical director Lewis Moss.

Earlier, in November 1861, Moss had published her composition The Ladies polka ("Composed & inscribed to the Ladies of N.S.W."), and in 1863 J. R. Clarke published her ballad Lily Lee ("arranged by C. Packer") in the Australian musical album for 1863.

She spent the 1870s in London, appearing there as Julia Sydney.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1861), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (14 August 1861), 1

"CONCERT", Empire (16 August 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1861), 1

"MUSIC AND THE THEATRES", Empire (21 September 1861), 3

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 September 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1861), 8

"NEW POLKA", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1861), 5

"LANCASHIRE DISTRESS FUND: ORPHEONIST CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1862), 5


"PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS", Empire (21 April 1863), 3

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE RANDWICK ASYLUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1863), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 October 1863), 1

"MISS JULIA SYDNEY", The Musical World 48 (28 May 1870), 368

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (8 October 1870), 21

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (3 August 1872), 17 

Mr. Isaac Simmons, the father of the well-known Miss Julia Simmons, the vocalist, whose name is now connected with most London concerts, and of Mr. Laurence Simmons, a young Sydney singer (who was proceeding with his father to Europe for the purpose of cultivating his fine voice, and pursuing his musical studies), died on the voyage home in the Strathdon, on the 16th of April. The deceased gentleman was for a great part of his life a citizen of Sydney, and was highly esteemed for his uprightness, urbanity, hospitality, and kindliness of disposition.

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (15 April 1882), 13

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1909), 6 


Amateur baritone vocalist, artist, sculptor

Born Rome, 1838
Arrived Brisbane, QLD, by June 1872
Died Balmain, NSW, 23 March 1900, aged 62 (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (21 June 1872), 1

"MR. A. ANDERSON's grand concert ...", The Brisbane Courier (2 July 1872), 2

"MUSIC", The Queenslander (28 September 1872), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 February 1875), 10

[News], Illustrated Sydney News (10 March 1875), 21

"ST. JOHN'S CHAPEL CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (10 April 1875), 13

[Advertisement], The Mercury (29 February 1876), 3

"SPORTS AND AMUSEMENTS", The Mercury (20 March 1876), 2s

On the 20th ult. a very attractive concert was given at the Oddfellows' Hall. The concert had been specially arranged to afford the musical public an opportunity of hearing Signor Achille Simonetti, an Italian visitor, who is said to be one of the finest amateur vocalists that has visited Australia. Signor Simonetti gave several operatic selections, which displayed to advantage a fine baritone voice. On the 14th inst. a second concert was given at the Town Hall, under the conductorship of Mr. F. A. Packer. On this occasion also Signor Simonetti confirmed the high opinion previously formed of his powers. He sang the aria "Di provenza" from Traviata, and a cavatina from Faust in such a manner as to stamp him as a first-class artist, and we are sure it will be long before the public of this city have an opportunity of hearing a better baritone singer.

"DEATHS", Evening News (24 March 1900), 4


Bibliography and resources:

Noel S. Hutchinson, Simonetti, Achille (1838-1900), Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)


Not the violinist-composer Achille Simonetti (1857-1928)


Friend of Domenico Carmusci



Soprano vocalist ("Prima Donna from the Opera Comique, of Paris")

Died St. Kilda, VIC, 19 September 1896, aged 61


Violinist, conductor, operatic manager ("Solo Violinist to His Majesty the King of Denmark")

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, August 1865
Died (suicide), Melbourne, VIC, 28 November 1899 (NLA persistent identifier)



"MAURITIUS", Empire (6 May 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 August 1865), 8

[Advertisement], The Mercury (13 November 1865), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 September 1896), 1



Mr. Martin Simonsen, the head of the well-known musical family of that name committed suicide yesterday afternoon by shooting himself. Since the death of Madame Simonsen, three years ago, Mr. Simonsen had resided with Mr. and Mrs. Goulding at 588 Elizabeth-street, a two-story house, standing between Victoria and Queensberry streets. For some time past he has been very unsettled, but had never shown any suicidal tendencies. On Monday night he was visited by his youngest son, Martin, and the evening was spent pleasantly in a game of cards, the father appearing cheerful and contented ... Many years ago Mr. Simonsen was one of the most prominent figures in the musical circles of Australia. A German by birth, he arrived in Melbourne about 25 years ago, with his wife, Madame Fanny Simonsen. He was a violinist, and Madame Simonsen a vocalist, and both were considered by competent critics to be possessed of rare ability. Opening at St. George's Hall with a concert company, they achieved such success that Mr. William Saurin Lyster, the leading operatic manager of the day, prevailed upon them to join his company, Mr. Simonsen as conductor and his wife as prima donna. The first opera with which they were associated was "L'Africaine", and in this, as in the succeeding operas of the season, the Simonsens were warmly received. After a time they severed their connection with Mr. Lyster, and started an operatic company of their own, playing throughout Australia with varied success. Mr. Simonsen's skill as a manager was, however, unequal to his ability as a musician, and few of his ventures were successful in the end. Madame Simonsen in later years applied herself to teaching, and was the means of bringing into prominence such world-renowned vocalists as her daughter, Madame Frances Saville, and Miss Ada Crossley. About 12 years ago, Mr. Simonsen brought to Australia an Italian opera company, which had a very successful season at the Alexandra Theatre, and two members of which, Signorina Rebottaro and Signor De Alba, remain with us still. Tempted by the success of this company, Mr. Simonsen repeated the experiment with the Italian Opera Company of about eight years ago, but failed to make the enterprise a financial success. He followed this failure with one even more disasterous -the importation of the Spanish Students-and was so crippled by the ventures that he never afterwards recovered his financial position. Mr. Simonsen was about 70 years of age, and leaves a large family, nearly all of whom are prominently known in the musical world.

Australian works (?):

Redowa (for the piano, Op. 22) (dedicated to the Ladies of Tasmania)  ("All ladies present this evening will be presented with a finely engraved copy of the "Hobart Town Redowa" for piano, expressly composed by Martin Simonsen, and dedicated by him to the Ladies of Tasmania.")

European publications including:

Souvenirs d'Allemagne (Oberländler) (pour violon avec accompagnement de piano, Op. 7 composé par Martin Simonsen) Hambourg: Fritz Schuberth, [between 1857 and 1861?]

Souvenir de Caracas et Puerto Rico (rondo aguinaldo pour le violon avec accompagnement de piano, op. 16) (Hambourg: chez Ernst Berens, [186-?])

Performance materials from Simonsen's opera companies including:

Lucrezia Borgia [Donizetti] (Martin Simonsen's Royal English Opera Company) J.C. Williamson collection of performance materials (NLA)

Haydee [Auber] Martin Simonsen's English Opera Company The Richard Bonynge collection of musical scores (NLA)



Mezzo-soprano vocalist

Died San Francisco, 27 December 1884

SIMONSEN, Martina (Madame George SCHREIBER)

Soprano vocalist

Died Kew, VIC, 4 April 1953, aged 92 years


Soprano vocalist


Tenor vocalist

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1867

Images: Martina:


1880-07-12: There was a large attendance at the Town hall on Saturday night, when an event occurred which was full of interest on account of the young people concerned, and deeply gratifying as critically viewed from the musical standpoint. Leonora and Martina are the names of Madame Simonsen's two eldest daughters, and on Saturday night these young ladies made their first public appearance as vocalists in Melbourne. They are both young and endowed with good looks to an extent which is altogether in their favour. We are quite satisfied about their intelligence and general good culture, and we will endeavour to give the reader some idea of the impression they created as singers. We will speak of Miss Leonora first, as being the elder of the two. It may he taken for granted that the reception each met with on her first appearance was hearty in the extreme, and as much by way of encouragement to the debutante as in acknowledgment of the talented at artiste, the mother and teacher of both, and who in each case in which her daughters were concerned did duty as accompanist at the pianoforte. The first selection given by Miss Leonora Simonsen, was the aria "O' Mio Fernando, from "La Favorita," followed as an encore song, by Virginia Gabriel's song " Ruby," and after taking part in the "Goodnight" quartet from Martha, she sang in the second part of the entertainment "Alas, those chimes," from "Maritana," and again, in response to an enthusiastic encore, "Il segreto," the well known brindisi from "Lucrezia Borgia." The order of Miss Leonora Simonsen's voice will be at once classed from the selections we have named. It is a mezzo-soprano of full compass, even range, and most musical quality. The organ has been properly trained in the matter of flexibility, and is now properly under the control of a young mind of sensibility and refinement. The effect produced by such a singer as Miss Leonora Simonsen is that of perfect contentment and approval on the part of the listener. The voice is not yet of that robust order which will allow of much stress upon the lower tones, but this attribute of strength will be developed by time and practice. In such an air as "Alas, those chimes," Miss Leonora Simonsen gave unqualified delight for perfect style and the right utterance of true sentiment. We have never heard it better sung in this country. Miss Martina Simonsen, the younger of the two sisters, is an admirable musical companion to the elder. Her voice is a high soprano of quite extraordinary power in one so young, of a clear, penetrating, and thoroughly sweet tone, of flexibility fit to do ample justice to the brilliant "Carnavale de Venise" (Benedict's), and a range that can ring out E natural (third line above the treble stave) with ease, with ample force, and with perfect purity of intonation. This young lady was taken into the good graces of the audience as soon as she had sung the first two bars of her first selection. The pieces she sang were given in the following order, namely - the cavatina "O love, for me thy power" ("Como per me"), from "La Sonnambula," as an encore she gave "I dreamt that I dwelt in marble halls." In the second part of the entertainment she sang Eily O'Connor's song "I'm alone," from the "Lily of Killarney," and then the culminating effect of her triumphant debut was achieved in her really finished and highly artistic rendering of the "Carnavale de Venise" above mentioned. The "Kissing Duet," from "Galathee," by Von Suppe, which was the last number on the programme, and which was sung by both the sisters, we did not care much about. Miss Martina Simonsen is already fit for great undertakings in the way of singing. She is from this moment a "somebody" in art. She lacks experience as a matter of course, and the development of mind which time will bring about will teach her higher artist flights than she dreams of at present, but already she has rare powers, and has proved herself to be an apt pupil of an excellent teacher.

1881-11-03: ... Miss Martina Simonsen showed the high quality of her vocal training in a very correct and spirited performance of the high soprano air "Gli angui d'Inferno," from Mozart's "Magic Flute." This was encored, and was replaced by Balfe's "Power of Love," from "Satanella," also well sung.

1889-10-25: Mr. Jules Simonsen, a son of Madame Fanny Simonsen, has been winning great admiration for his performance of Ralph Rackstraw in Pinafore, recently given in Albury. Mr. Simonsen was born in Melbourne in 1867, and already shows every indication of following in the footsteps of his clever parents.

1917-11-09: I have written at various times in these columns in admiration of the lovely voice and beautiful personality of Frances Saville, the daughter of Fanny and Martin Simonsen, who left here in 1891 to study under Marchesi, a course unnecessary in the opinion of judges. She was prima donna for years at the Royal Opera House of Brussels and Vienna, was the favorite soprano at Petrograd (St. Petersburg) during several seasons, was preferred in Paris by some critics to Melba, and also had a high London reputation. One need not go outside of the Simonsen family to find another operatic star who has won favor abroad. Frances Saville's niece, Frances Adler, is now Madame Alda, a prima donna of the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, and the wife of Cosazza, the conductor there. Madam Alda's mother, Leonora Simonsen, and her sister, Martina Simonsen, were also the possessors of fine and well-trained voices. As I have before stated, it happened more than once during a Simonsen operatic season that the four leading feminine parts were entrusted to Madame Simonsen and her three talented daughters, Leonora, Martina, and Frances, all of whom have sung with high approval outside of Australia. I had almost forgotten Jules Simonsen - brother to the three sisters - whose light tenor was very popular some years ago in America.



[News], The Argus (3 November 1881), 6

"THE SIMONSEN FAMILY", Referee (11 July 1917), 14

"AUSTRALIA'S GREAT ONES", Arrow (9 November 1917), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (6 April 1953), 14 


Bugler (51st Regiment)

Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), August 1846
Died India 1846/47


[News], The Courier (12 August 1846), 3

"THE 51ST REGIMENT IN INDIA", The Courier (15 May 1847), 2

We regret to record that, since the arrival of the head-quarters of this fine regiment in the China and Agincourt, at Bangalore, there have been many deaths, among whom we may mention ... sergeant Jones (of the band,) ... Kelly (of the band,) Simpson (of the buglers.)


Bandsman (H.M.S. Carysfort)

Visiting Sydney, NSW, August 1845


"FLEECING NEPTUNE'S MUSICIANS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1846), 2

SIMPSON, William

Clarinettist, clarionet player, bandsman (99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1


... Mr. Simpson, in the first-part, performed a solo on the clarionet ("Tyrolese") with finished accuracy and in excellent tone. He was loudly and deservedly applauded ...

"COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT", The Mercury (31 March 1869), 2

"TOWN HALL PROMENADE CONCERTS", The Mercury (8 June 1869), 2

"COMPLIMENTARY BENEFIT TO MR. BIGGS", The Mercury (30 June 1869), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (10 July 1869), 1

"SIGNOR GAGLIARDI'S BENEFIT CONCERT", The Mercury (12 July 1869), 2

"PROMENADE CONCERT", The Mercury (13 July 1869), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (21 September 1869), 1

"MUSIC AT THE BOTANICAL GARDENS", The Mercury (30 January 1873), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (10 May 1878), 3

[Advertisement], The Mercury (6 January 1881), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (12 April 1889), 3

SUNDAY CONCERT. The GARRISON BAND (by permission of the Commandant) will give a CONCERT in the Barrack reserve NEXT SUNDAY AFTERNOON, commencing at 3 o'clock. The proceeds will be for the benefit of MR. WILLIAM SIMPSON (an old musician) and family who are in very reduced circumstances. The public, doubtless, are aware that no charge can be made for these afternoon concerts, but all who enter the gates are expected to put a Coin in the Boxes.

"BENEFIT CONCERT", The Mercury (25 June 1892), 3

At the Temperance Hall last evening a benefit concert was tendered to Mr. William Simpson, who met with a serious accident some time ago. There was a good attendance, and the receipts were, if not up to the expectation of the organisers of the movement, at least equal to the occasion. A number of minstrel songs and eccentricities were well delivered, and reaped the benefit of applause. "The convict's return," a song by the recipient of the favours of those who were interested in the concert, was well delivered.

"DEATHS", Advocate (24 April 1924), 2 

SIMPSON. - On April 22, 1924, at 74 Counsel street, Zeehan, Mary, widow of William Simpson, bandmaster of Queen Victoria's 99th Regiment.


Bandmaster, violinist, publican

Born ? Derby, England, baptised 31 October 1841 (a family history)
Active Wagga Wagga, NSW, by 1870


? "OFFICIAL BULLETIN", Colonial Times (25 July 1851), 3

"MONSTER CONCERT", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (30 October 1869), 2

[News], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (29 January 1870), 2

"WAGGA WAGGA BAND CONCERT", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (11 May 1870), 2

A very excellent concert was given on Monday night at the Court House in aid of the Flood Relief Fund by the Wagga Band, assisted by the Eastwick family and several amateurs. The Band performed several of their best pieces with great success, and certainly do great credit to their skilful band-master, Mr. Simpson, who must have taken no small pains to bring his band in so short a time up to such comparative perfection.

"WAGGA WAGGA POLICE COURT", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (15 February 1871), 2

"MUSIC IN WAGGA WAGGA. To the Editor", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (7 June 1871), 2

Sir, - Among the many evidences of progress in the lively little town of Wagga, during the last year or two, the study, of music has been conspicuous. The town band (consisting of about a dozen tradesmen) led the van by engaging an instructor for twelve months, and resolutely practising under him till they hid attained a tolerably degree of proficiency. After a short interval, the late bandmaster (Mr. Simpson) having left the town, the band has just been reorganised, and has effected an engagement, for another twelve months' tuition, with Mr. Schlue, a German professor of music, under whose zealous conduct hard practice for two or three hours is enforced three times a week ...


Musician, contra bass player, band master

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1860-64


"BALLARAT WEST FIRE BRIGADE", The Star (20 October 1860), 1s

"CHARLIE NAPIER CONCERT HALL", The Star (25 February 1861), 3


"The Ballarat Harmonic Society ...", The Star (23 September 1864), 1s

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Star (24 October 1864), 2s

SINCLAIR, Frederick

Teacher of music, music critic (Australian Town and Country Journal), poet, journalist, editor, lecturer, composer

Born Dublin, ? 1812
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1848
Active NSW, by 1855
Died Marrickville, NSW, 31 December 1903, "65 years a journalist ... in his 92nd year"


In his 1858 lecture on music Sinclair mentioned Wagner's Flying Dutchman, one of the very earliest documented references I've found to Wagner in Australian sources. My hunch, however, is that Sinclair probably did not have firsthand knowledge of any of the music; but rather was reporting on things he had read in imported British press. As of March 2014, I have found no bibliographic record of his 1874 journal publication, Mind and matter, having survived.


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (24 March 1855), 3

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", Illawarra Mercury (15 July 1858), 2

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1867), 2

"Mind and matter ... ", Empire (1 June 1874), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1904), 4

"OBITUARY", Australian Town and Country Journal (6 January 1904), 55

Mr. Frederick Sinclair, one of the oldest journalists in Now South Wales, died at his residence, Renwick-street, Marrickville, on December 31, at the advanced age of 92. The deceased gentle man was a native of Dublin, Ireland, and, after having been connected with journalistic work in England for some years, he came to Sydney in 1848, being accompanied by his wife and son. Shortly after his arrival in New South Wales he became connected with "The Empire" newspaper, which subsequently became incorporated with the "Evening News." During the fifties, he was associated with the "Northern Times" in the Hunter River district, and was one of the founders of the Maitland School of Arts. Subsequently, he became the editor of the "Braidwood Dispatch," and a few years later purchased the "Illawarra Express." He then threw up newspaper work, and for some time was engaged as a teacher under the old Council of Education. Later on, he joined the staff of the "Town and Country Journal," and an article of his appeared in its first number. He remained on the "T. and C." for many years, during which time he was the musical critic for that paper. Although he had been ailing for the past 18 months, death was practically due to senile decay. The demise of his wife, six months ago, was a great shock to him, and since that time he gradually failed. He leaves two children, Mrs. M. Eagar, and Dr. Henry Sinclair, of 213 Elizabeth-street, Sydney. The funeral took place on January 2.

Musical works:

"My own New England home", Australian Town and Country Journal (15 October 1881), 27

The wedding hymn (referred to in 1874 above)

The stolen child (ballad opera) (1874)

SINCOCK, Joyce Flamank (Miss)


Born ? Andover, England, 11 July 1844
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, ? mid 1860s
Died Melbourne, VIC, 2 October 1904, aged 60


[News], The Argus (6 August 1868), 5

We have received a copy of a set of quadrilles, entitled the "Abyssinian Quadrilles", composed by J. F. Sincock, and published by Messrs. Turner and Gill, of Flinders lane. The title-page, which hears the name of Charles Turner, is an exceedingly good and creditable specimen of chromo-lithography, and the musical notation is lithographed in a style certainly better than that of any similar colonial publication we remember to have met with. We cannot say anything in praise of the music. Notwithstanding the circumstance that the proofs have been corrected without due care, and that, in consequence, notes evidently not intended by the composer appear here and there in the course of the composition, in many instances the harmonies obviously intended are altogether wrong, the progressions are sometimes grammatically incorrect, the chords are occasionally badly arranged, and generally the melodies (the melodies of dance music should always be striking) are of the most common-place character. After a dozen or so more attempts, under the supervision of some well-skilled tutor, the composer, who has undoubtedly a turn for musical composition, may possibly produce a set of quadrilles worthy of publication. However, our present author is not singular in "rushing into print'" without having first submitted his or her manuscript to the judgment of an experienced connoisseur.

"EXCELSIOR CLASS. TO THE EDITOR", The Independent (4 July 1885), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 October 1904), 9

Musical works:

The Abyssinian quadrilles (by J. F. Sincock; 1 Zulla, 2 Senafe, 3 Adigerat, 4 Dalanta, 5 Magdala) (Melbourne: Turner & Gill, [1868])

Bibliography and resources:

Diary of Mary Louisa Sincock, 1869 Feb. 10-Mar. 3 (Describes family life in Melbourne; also contains dates of births, marriages and other biographical details of the Sincock family)

SINGER, Mr. (? John McDonald SINGER)


Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1843-53
? Died Hobart, TAS, 20 May 1866, aged 53


Singer appeared regularly as a violinist in Hobart concerts between 1843 and 1846, often playing second or third to Joseph Gautrot. When Gautrot's "real Cremona" fiddle was raffled in 1846 to raise him cash, Singer won the instrument. One of his violins appeared in the Tasmanian Exhibition in 1895.


[Advertisement], The Courier (17 February 1843), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (30 April 1844), 1

"MRS. GATTEY HOPKINS'S BALL", Colonial Times (30 April 1844), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 November 1844), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 June 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Observer (1 July 1845), 1

"CONCERT", Colonial Times (6 February 1846), 3

"GAUTROT'S FIDDLE", The Courier (14 March 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (31 October 1853), 3


"DEATHS", The Mercury (21 May 1866), 1

"Tasmanian International Exhibition", The Mercury (4 March 1895), 3

In the interesting collection of violins exhibited by Messrs. Walch & Sons is a very old instrument, the maker being the celebrated German violin-maker, Jacob Stainer, who was born in 1616 and died in 1683. The instrument is the property of Mr. [Alfred] Singer, dentist, Macquarie-street, in whose family it bad been for 160 years previous to his father's death in 1845 [query date]. His father used to lend it to Professor Toms when playing obbligato to Jenny Lind's songs. It is in an excellent state of preservation, and has an exquisite tone. Jacob Stainer, it is said, worked at Cremona under Antonius or Nicholas Amati, and made violins of special excellence. He was the first to introduce into Germany the Italian principles of construction, and which are the principles of sonority. Some trace his models to the early Tyrolean viol-makers, but in the opinion of other authorities the peculiarities of the Stainer violins are strictly original. They are now very rare and valuable.

SIPP, Rudolph (Rudolf; Rodolfo)

Pianist, violinist, composer

Born Leipzig, Germany, 16 February 1836
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by September 1865
Departed Sydney, NSW, September 1866


A detailed account of Sipp's world travels through America, the Pacific, Asia, and anticipating his arrival in Australia, appeared in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (10 March 1865). Having played in Victoria in August and arrived in Sydney in September 1865, in December he advertised over a dozen compositions, many of them souvenirs of his travels to date, for sale at the major music retailers:

Fantasia on Linda di Chamounix [perhaps the work he later repackaged as Souvenir de North Shore, see below]

Les bomberos de Valparaiso [suggesting he may have had contact there with the former Australian firefighter-composer James Aquinas Reid]

Julia mazurka de concert

Fantasia brillante on Traviata

Traversée de l'isthme of Panama

March brillante

Samacueca milena de salon

Rosa valse brillante

Jena mazurka de concert

Adios notturno

El carnival de Huacho

1st fantasia on Trovatore

Las canpanas de Chorillos

Le rêve caprice etude

Deutche Lieder

Romance variée

Polonaise brillante.

His piano solo arrangement of the popular ballad Dear mother I've come home to die ("Op. 41") was published in Sydney in June 1866 [piano solo] (third edition: Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [18-]).

At Sipp's July concert he and Alfred Anderson performed the Souvenir de North Shore (Grand Duo, composednd arranged for two Pianos, on Linda di Camounix [by] R. Sipp), as well as other piano works (the Deane brothers' string quartet also assisted). He failed to appear at his concert in September 1866, having apparently skipped town.

August 1866: HERR SIPP, THE PIANIST, WAS born at Leipzig, on the 16th of February, 1836, where his father is still an active member of the musical profession. Amongst many eminent pupils of Herr Sipp's father, we may mention the name of Richard Wagner, the celebrated composer. After Herr Sipp left school, he went to Berlin and studied under Marks Stern and Cullak [Kullak]; and in 1855 he composed an opera, entitled "Le Deserteur", which has never been performed, and perished five years later in the celebrated fire of Valparaiso, hence the so popular composition of Herr Sipp, "Los Bomberos (the Firemen) de Valparaiso", which has gained immense popularity in South America, and which was played at Herr Sipp's last concert, as an encore, with Mr. Anderson. Before Herr Sipp left Europe, he played in Berlin and Leipzig with great success; and on his arrival in Valparaiso in the month of September, 1857, and at many towns along the west coast, he gave the first concerts ever heard in that remote region. There he had to play for amber, instead of the usual recompense, gold and silver. After two years travelling, he went to Lima, where he conducted the opera; In his journeyings he visited nearly all the South American republics, went to Panama and the West Indies, and from thence to Europe after an absence of nearly five years. From that time to the present he has seen nearly all parts of the globe, including Paris, London, Berlin, Leipzig, Rome, the United States, as well as Lima and California, the Sandwich Islands, China, Japan, the Phillipine islands, Java, Sumatra, and finally Sydney. As a pianist, Herr Sipp belongs more to the saloon than to the concert room. There is no doubt the piano, when it is properly played, belongs more to the drawing room than to the large concert room; for the latter it is necessary to play for effect, while the saloon is more suitable to listen to the fine pianissimos in which Herr Sipp excels. In San Francisco Herr Sipp gave a great concert, where his "Fireman's March" was performed on ten pianos, with two performers at each. He conducted choral societies in several places, including the "Qintra" in San Francisco, and the Musical Society in Honolulu, where he had the honour to havè the patronage of Queen Emma as a pupil. Herr Sipp has for the present settled in Sydney, and practises his profession. He gave his first concert during the past month. There was a crowded house, and we understand he intends giving another concert shortly.

September 1866: ... the audience, which was not very numerous, were doomed to complete disappointment, so far as Mr. Sipp was concerned, who neither appeared, apologised, or proved an alibi. Whatever may have been the cause of his absence, an apology was due ... and one can scarcely conceive a cooler insult (in the absence of further information) being offered to the public than that of last night. ... However, that clever young pianist, Mr. Alfred Anderson, was asked at a moment's notice to supply Herr Sipp's place, and he, after some little and not unnatural hesitation, consented to do so, and played some of the music from Gounod's "Faust" in such a brilliant style as to obtain an irresistible encore.


"Nachrichten", Neue berliner Musikzeitung (12 March 1862), 85

"Tagesgeschichte", Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (21 March 1862), 99

"Vermischtes", Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (10 March 1865), 95

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 September 1865), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1865), 1

"CONCERT AT THE STAR THEATRE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (1 July 1865), 3

"HERR RUDOLPH SIPP", Empire (22 September 1865), 4

"AMUSEMENTS", Illustrated Sydney News (16 October 1865), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 December 1865), 10

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1866), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1866), 8

"HERR SIPP THE PIANIST", Illustrated Sydney News (16 August 1866), 4

"PROMENADE CONCERT AT THE PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1866), 4


"THE THEATRES", Bell's Life in Sydney (29 September 1866), 3

SIPPE, George

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1826; died 1842

Go to main page: 


Musician, entertainer, publican

Active Sydney, NSW, 1844-early 1850s


I doubt whether this earliest G. Skinner to have anything to do with Australian music was a relation of this site's curator. George Skinner came to Sydney from the rural community of Cowpasture, near Camden, to take over from George Coppin, as licensee of the Clown Hotel, in Pitt-street, in 1844.

Following Coppin's example (probably, indeed, still with his participation), and employing some of the same performers, Skinner continued for the first weeks of his new management to present musical entertainments, including black-face minstrel acts. Another Coppin innovation, the short-lived Sydney Catch Club also continued to meet at the Clown under Skinner's management.

Advertisements with detailed programs for two of Skinner's entertainments, on 28 October and Election Night 1 November 1844, survive, featuring Messrs. Caldwell, Fillmore, Thomson, Skinner himself, Farren, black-face minstrel Rombo Sombo (some years later to reappear again in Adelaide on the same bill Coppin), and "numerous Amateurs".

Skinner's next advertisement, on 23 November, gave further insight into the repertoire of musical evenings at the Clown Hotel, while suggesting that novel methods were now needed to attract clientele. As printed in the Herald, it took the form of some original verses, to be sung to a favourite old tune, Derry Down, probably some variant of the English major-key melody later given in Chappell's Popular music of the olden time. With their references to many other propular songs, here are the words of Skinner's Saloon complete:

To a favourite old tune - Derry Down.

DULL spirits, when dead, 'tis but justice to bury
 With a capital song, sentimental or merry,
So I beg you to notice, some fine afternoon,
 Their grave at the entrance of Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, down, in the town, derry down.

If you wish to partake in a glee or a catch,
 Why you've only to hint your desire to Joe Hatch,
And the sons of Apollo, with voices in tune,
 Can enjoy a long pull there, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

Joe Hatch has some chickens, but Joe rather choice is
 In birds of good note, with their various voices:
There's Caldwell, who warbles the Banks o'the Doun,
 And the sweet Lass of Gowrie, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

Funny Fillmore, whose phiz causes roars of delight,
Can squeak like the pigs, or unfold Billy Vite;
And Jem Brown with his yarn of the ancient Racoon,
And his Classical Statues, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

Just allow me to mention a few of the strains
 You'll hear at the "Clown" where much harmony reigns:
Lucy Long, with Black Rombo's grotesque rigadoon,
 And the Possum a-railing, at Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

If you ask what is Love, Mighty Wine in good store,
 With Pork Steaks, and Jack Robinson just come ashore;
Who'll Meet me alone by the light of the moon?
 For gas-light's the fashion in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

The charming Miss Nichols, whose bosom's soft workings
 Can't beat for the Drayman of Barclay and Perkins!
And the two Yorkshire Horsedealers, neither a spoon,
 And the Blue Fly is fishing, in Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

L A W-Law, and the fair Alice Gray,
 Mr. Bubb and his Spouse in their Single Horse Shay,
And Thomson's deep instrument, like a bassoon,
 Wakes melodious echoes round Skinner's Saloon!
             Derry down, &c.

So, welcome three nights in each week to the CLOWN,
 Drink A Health to good Lasses, the fair and the brown;
O'er the cold Frozen Lake, from December to June,
 You'll be welcome to slide into Skinner's Saloon.
             Derry down, down, in the town, Derry down!

Thereafter, Skinner's entertainments seem to have waned. In January 1847, he opened new premises, also known as Skinner's Hotel and Skinner's Clown Hotel, on the corner of George and Hunter Streets. Like Coppin, Skinner was an active mason, and in 1846 was secretary of Australian Grand Lodge of the Independent Order of Oddfellows. From his hotel, Skinner also sold tickets for theatrical and musical events.


Tenor vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1861


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 November 1861), 1

"OUR LAUNCESTON LETTER", The Mercury (13 May 1878), 3

Mr. R. L. Skinner, well known in musical circles here as a tenor singer, has received a piece of good news through a member of the Opera Company, who recognised him on arrival here and told him he had been advertised for in New Zealand in consequence of the death of a relative. Mr. Skinner telegraphed to the mayor of Auckland, and received a telegram in reply that an uncle in England was dead and had left a legacy, and that particulars would be sent by the next mail.

"THE TOWN-HALL. THE MESSIAH", The Argus (27 December 1878), 3

"H.M.S. PINAFORE", Examiner (23 May 1900), 3

... The sentimental madrigal "The Nightingale," by Ralph Rackstraw, recalled memories of another Rackstraw as sung by Mr. R. L. Skinner, whose discovery of zircons at Sisters Creek it is to be hoped will bring him in more shekels than he would gather at operatic singing.


Musician, violinist, barman

Active Deniliquin, NSW, 1856


"EDWARD RIVER DISTRICT. DENLIQIQUIN PETTY SESSIONS ", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1856), 2

Mr. Frederick Marshall, landlord of the Highlander Inn, South Deniliquin, was summoned on the information of one of the police in having music at the Highlander, the said house not being licensed for music. John Skipper, barman of the inn, appeared for Mr. Marshall, who was from home; the barman, who is a musician, was tuning his fiddle a few evenings since in the bar of the house, as he said, merely practising. This was the defence. Mr. Cockburn, the chairman, stated that the Bench had given strict orders that there was to be no music played in the public-houses without special permission, and fined the defendant £10, with 11s. 6d. costs."


President (Australian Harmonic Society)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1841


"THE AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 2

THE AUSTRALIAN HARMONIC SOCIETY. A new society, under the above name, has lately been formed in Sydney by several of the leading harmonists, for the purpose of enjoying a few social hours after the business and cares of the day. We understand that it meets every Wednesday evening, in a private room of Mr. Scrase's, Pitt-street ... On Wednesday evening last our informant was introduced as a visitor, and was highly delighted with the evening's entertainments, consisting of vocal and instrumental music. Mr. [S. W.] Wallace, in his usual effective style, played several solos on the violin, and Mr. Deane some beautiful overtures on the pianoforte. The eloquence and wit of the president of the society, Mr. Slattelie, contributed much to the enjoyment of the evening. 


First Banjo (Melophonic Concert Room)

Active Hobart, TAS, 1853


[Advertisement], The Courier (7 May 1853), 3


Saxhorn player, violoncello player, cellist, amateur member Sydney Philharmonic Society, pharmacist, inventor

Born Bath, Somerset, England, c.1824
Active Melbourne, VIC, and Sydney, NSW, April to August 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"PARTNERSHIPS DISSOLVED", Morning Chronicle (5 October 1850), 3

William Glover Webb Freeman and Frederick Evans Sloper, of Tenby, Pembrokeshire, chemists.

"MARRIAGES", Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette (11 November 1852), 3

Nov. 2, at St. Peter's Church, Bristol, Mr. Frederick Evans Sloper, of this city, to Sarah Peers, third daughter of the late T. Deyrell, Esq., of Barbadoes.


ARRIVALS. April 6. - Elizabeth, ship, 445 tons, Captain Erwin, from Bristol 11th November, Melbourne, 31st March. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Sloper ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1853), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (25 April 1853), 3

"MADAME DE STORR'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (25 June 1853), 2 

... Mr. Evans Sloper's masterly performance on the Saxe Horn elicited much and deserved applause.

"MR. EVANS SLOPER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1853), 2

"CONCERTS", Bell's Life in Sydney (2 July 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 August 1853), 7

"DIED", Empire (31 March 1855), 4 

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 April 1857), 4 

"MARRIAGES", Evening News (28 December 1871), 2 

On the 17th October, at Bath (England), by the Rev. Mr. Sprowle, F. E. Sloper, Esq., to Laura, eldest daughter of H. C. Burnell, Esq., Clapton, Sydney.

"MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR"', The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1887), 11 

... In enumerating some of the musical lights of the Philharmonic and of musical society a quarter of a century ago, I might have mentioned a few other names. Madame Rawack, née Amalia Mauthner, of Vienna, a highly gifted German pianiste, who was for a long time the soloist of the society; Mr. W. E. Slosser (still, if I mistake not, living with us), an amateur violoncello soloist of no mean powers ...

"MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR"', The Sydney Morning Herald (28 March 1887), 5 

Sir, -Will you permit me to correct an important typographical error in my letter on the above subject in Friday's issue? The name of the amateur violoncellist alluded to therein by me should be "Mr. F. E. Sloper." ...

"OBITUARY", Australian Town and Country Journal (27 May 1903), 16 

OBITUARY. Mr. Frederick Evans Sloper, M.P.S., the well-known chemist and druggist of Oxford-street Sydney, died at his residence, Sloper-street, Kensington, last week, at the advanced age of 80 years. The deceased gentleman, who was a native of Bath, England, came to Sydney in 1852 and commenced business in Woolloomooloo the following year. After a trip to the old country he established himself in business in Oxford street in 1873, where he remained up to the time of his death.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1914), 12 

Bibliography & resources:

Geoff Miller, "Uncle Robert's medicine chest", Pharmacy History Australia 3/30 (November 2006), 6-7 

Frederick Sloper, Freeman Studio, Sydney, photographic studio portrait, c.1874-1908; State Library of New South Wales (DIGITISED)

SMAILES, Joseph Thomas (SMALES)

Amateur musician, pupil of Joseph Reichenberg

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1835
Died Hobart, TAS, 1853


"ADJOURNED QUARTER SESSIONS", Colonial Times (29 December 1835), 8 

Joseph Thomas Smailes, being sworn, said, I am a clerk to Mr. Stanley, and on the 4th of November, about half-past three o'clock in the afternoon, I received from Mr. Stanley a packet, with directions to take it to Mr. Pitcairn's office ... Cross-examined by Mr. Horne for the prisoner. - I received the packet at half-past three o'clock; left the office at four. Went up Bathurst-street, into Murray-street, then into Liverpool-street, and passed the Government Mill to Mr. Reichenberg's ... nor did I then pass on to Mr. Pitcairn's, but went first to Mr. Reichenberg's, where I stayed one hour, and took a lesson in music.

SMALL, Joe (Joseph SMALL)

Bass vocalist, comic singer, songwriter

Born ? ("native of Sydney")
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1836
Died at sea near Hong Kong, December 1874



"MR. SMALL'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (5 September 1855), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (6 October 1855), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (15 January 1856), 3

"PEDESTRIANISM", Bendigo Advertiser (25 January 1858), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1858), 3

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (16 September 1858), 3

The singing (in character) of "The Unfortunate Man," "The Bold Soldier Boy," &c., by Mr. Small, was received with most vociferous applause and roars of laughter. An additional verse, with reference to the late war in India, was well received. In this gentleman we recognise a very good substitute for Thatcher.

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (29 November 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (7 March 1860), 3

"NEW ZEALAND AND AUSTRALIAN SONGSTER", Wellington Independent (13 March 1866), 5

[News], New Zealand Herald (14 April 1866), 5

[News], The Brisbane Courier (24 August 1866), 2

[News], The Brisbane Courier (7 August 1873), 2

"DEATH OF A WELL-KNOWN PROFESSIONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1875) 5

[News], Australian Town and Country Journal (6 February 1875), 24

[News], Thames Star (27 February 1875), 2


The New Zealand and Australian songster (containing a collection of comic songs, to which is added, extracts from his diary on the Australian goldfields written and sung by J. Small) (Christchurch, NZ: Tribe, Mosley and Caygill, 1866)

Bibliography and resources:

Robert H. B. Hoskins, "Small, Joe", The encyclopedia of New Zealand


Charles Thatcher

Edward Salaman

Nathan family


Violincello [sic] and Double bass player (New Queen's Theatre)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1848


[Advertisement], South Australian (29 February 1848), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3


Second Banjo (Melophonic Concert Room)

Active Hobart, TAS, 1853


[Advertisement], The Courier (7 May 1853), 3


Amateur violinist

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1833


"At Mr. Peck's concert ...", The Hobart Town Courier (1 November 1833), 2

The gentleman amateur (Mr. A. Smith) who kindly came forward to assist, equally surprised and delighted the audience with his performance of "the Yellow hair'd laddie," on the violin in harmonics, an art not exceeded by Paganini himself.

"Mr. Peck's Concert ...", Colonial Times (5 November 1833), 2 

The "Scotch Air in Harmonics" was most unquestionably the attraction of the evening: it was announced to be performed by an amateur. This amateur was not other than that talented musical gentleman, Mr Adam Smith. On his coming forward, we really looked to the ceiling, thinking the applause would be sure to awaken from their sleep the beams which supported the roof. We have never before had occasion to speak of this gentleman's performance, but, from what we ourselves heard on Wednesday, we must acknowledge it to be superior. Mr. Smith, as is usually the case with amateurs, was a little confused on his first appearance; but he soon recovered himself, and commenced the performance in a most masterly style. We do not know which most to admire - his bowing, his fingering, or his execution - they were each superlative, and we must not omit mentioning, that an amateur who can stand up and perform an air in Harmonics, must be extraordinarily gifted. The piece was, as a matter of course, encored. Mr. Peck attempted a solo on the violin; but, although we considered that gentleman's performance quite equalled to any we ever heard by Spagnolleti, still, after Mr. Smith's brilliant harmonics, it would not go down - he was rapturously applauded, but not encored.

SMITH, Arabella

Soprano vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by July 1853


"WRECK OF THE CHARLEMONT", The Argus (21 June 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 July 1853), 8

... Monday, first of August ... Miss Arabella Smith (first soprano of the Philharmonic and Ancient Concerts in Dublin, first appearance) ...

"THIS EVENING", The Argus (1 August 1853), 5

... We observe that Mr. Sou-Alle is about to make the daring experiment of offering a substitute for Mrs. Testar, in the person of Miss Arabella Smith, who is said to have acquired a high reputation In Ireland.

? "DISTRICT COURT", The Argus (19 January 1854), 5 

"ALI-BEN SOU-ALLE", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 October 1854), 5

... a lady recently arrived, who has, for some time passed, been a leading favourite at all the Dublin concerts, and whose performances have elicited the warmest encomiums from the Irish press. Miss Arabella Smith, even if she were not possessed of vocal talents of a very high order, has claims upon our sympathy, which we feel assured a Melbourne public will not be slow to acknowledge. This Lady was among the passengers by the ill-fated "Earl of Charlemont," and, we regret to say, sustained considerable loss by that sad catastrophe.

? "BLACKBURN", The Musical Times (1 July 1861), 70 

On the 11th ult. a concert was given in the Catholic Hall, the vocalists on the occasion being Miss Arabella Smith, Miss Heptonstall, Mr. D. Towers, and Mr. Hornby, assisted by an efficient chorus. The programme was of a miscellaneous character. Mr. Jopson officiated at the pianoforte.



SMITH, Gottfried (SCHMIDT)

Flautist, musician



Active Sydney, NSW, 1859


[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3

[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1867), 1

SMITH, Charles

Professor of Music and Dancing

Active Brisbane, QLD, by February 1861, until November 1862


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (5 February 1861), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (10 November 1862), 3

SMITH, Christopher

Professor of Music ("A German")

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853


Christopher Smith, Professor of Music of Castlereagh-street was insolvent in July 1853. At his examination, "the insolvent being a German, and but imperfectly acquainted with the English language", an interpreter was used. He was eventually "allowed to retain his household furniture, wearing apparel, and musical instruments".


"INSOLVENT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1853), 2

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1853), 2

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 July 1853), 3

SMITH, Emilie (Miss)

Pianist, piano teacher

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1855-58


"Miss Emilie Smith (the celebrated pianiste)", playing Thalberg and Schulhoff, appeared in concert in Melbourne with Elizabeth Testar, Miska Hauser and Charles Bial (who was perhaps her teacher) in June 1855. At her own concert in February 1856, again playing Thalberg, the Argus noted with:

... pleasure a great advance toward that perfection of delicacy of touch which was all that was wanting to enable this charming young artiste to justly claim rank with the best modern professors of the pianoforte. It appeared as though Miss Smith had caught a new inspiration from the great maestro on the violin, Miska Hauser, with whom she has now played at a considerable number of concerts here.

She was teaching from Glass Cottages, Victoria-parade in 1858.


[Advertisement], The Argus (21 June 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 February 1856), 8

"MISS EMILIE SMITH'S CONCERT", The Argus (26 February 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 August 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 January 1858), 7

SMITH, Fanny Cochrane

Indigenous leader, singer

Born Flinders Island, VDL (TAS), December 1834
Died Poet Cygnet, TAS, 24 February 1905 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

Go to main entry on her 1899 and 1903 song recordings: 


In 1899 and 1903 she recorded songs on wax cylinders: held in the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, these are the only recordings ever made of Tasmanian Aboriginal song and speech. Longman 1960 gives a detailed account of the making of the recordings and their contents, their survival, several re-recordings.

Fanny Cochrane Smith and Horace Watson, c.1899


"FANNY COCHRANE", The Mercury (14 September 1882), 2

"SUMMARY OF NEWS", The Mercury (13 October 1888), 4

The House of Assembly has again decided to grant the last of the aborigines, Fanny Smith, a grant of 100 acres of land she now occupies and 200 acres more, for which a resolution was passed in 1884, but failed to have effect given to it. It is denied by some that Fanny Smith, nee Cochrane, is a pure aborigine, Mr. Lette contending with assurance that the lady is a half-caste. The decision of this question would be worth a committee of inquiry, for if Fanny Smith is only a half-caste many more exist in the Straits, and other claims have been set up; while if she is a pure aborigine she deserves much more consideration, and would merit it by her very estimable character. The best testimony in favour of her claim is that she has enjoyed a pension of £50 a year as an aboriginal woman for many years.

"ROYAL SOCIETY OF TASMANIA", The Mercury (10 September 1889), 4

"KING BILLY'S PLAYMATE", The Mercury (31 August 1899), 3

At the entertainment given by Mr. Horace Watson at Sandy Bay on Tuesday evening last, "A Night with the Blacks," a very unique and remarkable item was introduced into the programme. Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, the last survivor of the Tasmanian aboriginal race, was present, and at the lecturer's invitation spoke and sang in her native tongue to the audience. She stated that she and King Billy had been brought up together, and appeared quite touched when pictures of many of her old friends amongst the aborigines were shown on the screen. In all probability this sole representative in the whole world of an almost extinct race will appear shortly before the public here.

"ON DIT", Tasmanian News (27 October 1899), 1

ON DIT ... That the entertainment at the Temperance Hall on Monday will be singularly interesting. That it will deal with the Tasmanian Aborigines. That Miss Fanny Cochrane Smith, the last of her race, will sing in her native tongue. That, above all others, school children should attend this entertainment.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (28 October 1899), 3

TEMPERANCE HALL. MONDAY NIGHT. To MRS. FANNY COCHRANE SMITH (The Last of the Tasmanian Aboriginal Race), 60 Magnificent Limelight Views of Tasmania, Australia, and South Sea Blacks. Unique Collection of Native Weapons. Instrumental Items by the following: Messrs. Cripps and Gray's Imperial Orchestra; M. Vincent, E. Midwood, P. Henry; Misses Cripps and Duggan. MRS. FANNY COCHRANE SMITH Will sing in the Aboriginal Tongue. SCHOOL CHILDREN should not miss this opportunity. ADMISSION-6d.; Reserved, 1s. Commence at 8 o'clock.

"THE LAST OF THE ABORIGINES", The Mercury (31 October 1899), 2

An interesting entertainment for the benefit of Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, the last of the Tasmanian aborigines, was given last evening at the Temperance-hall in the presence of a satisfactory audience. The entertainment mainly consisted of 69 lantern views of scenes connected with the early history of Tasmania, such as the landing places of Tasman and Cook; portraits of Tasmanian aboriginals, particularly some of the last and best known; and views of scenes and natives of Victoria, New Zealand, New Guinea, and Samoa. An interesting lecture explaining the pictures was delivered by Mr. H. Watson. A collection of native weapons, utensils, and instruments were also shown. Mrs. Smith, whose home is at Port Cygnet, and who was attended by the member of the Assembly for her district, Mr. J. W. Evans, was present, and made a neat, intelligent and amusing little speech, in good idiomatic English. She vindicated the good character of her race; described their love of honesty, and said that, unlike white people, they disliked kissing, which they looked upon as an insincere method of salutation. Speaking of herself, she said she was 60 years of age, had 11 children, who were all still living, and that, for many years past, her husband (who is a white man) had been disabled by paralysis. She speaks three native languages or dialects, and sang two songs in her own particular tongue, which were simple and melodious. Selections of instrumental music were rendered during the evening by Mr. M. Vincent, Master E. Midwood, and Cripps and Gray's Imperial Orchestra. Mrs. Smith has a pension of £50 a year from the Tasmanian Government.

"On Dit", Tasmanian News (27 February 1905), 1

"THE ROYAL SOCIETY. ABORIGINAL SPEECH", The Mercury (15 June 1909), 6

"ABORIGINAL SPEECH", Tasmanian News (15 June 1909), 2

Mr. H. B. Ritz read an interesting paper on the speech of the Tasmanian aboriginals. He said he called it a "speech," not a language, for it consisted of several languages. His paper indicated his efforts to lay the foundation of a systematic study of the speech of that primitive race, He hoped, in course of time, to lay before members of the society a reconstruction of the language, as far as it could be done. The records were scanty, still fairly ample, considering the small number of the constituent parts of the language. In proceeding with the investigation it opened up interesting veins of thought, and promised to lead to important results in the domains of philology, ethnology, and anthropology. The characteristics of the speech were so primitive and unstable that he could not classify them by any of the rules given in text-books. The roots were liable to variation within certain limits. A root word might have a certain meaning in one family, and quite a different one in another. To find the principles underlying the phenomena of Tasmanian aboriginal speech was the object of his investigation. Some said the speech was akin to that of the aborigines on the mainland, and some parts akin to that of the South Sea islands. It was on this assumption that ethnological affinity had been based; but he did not think it justified the existence of ethnological affinity. They might, however establish analogies. However primitive the thought and speech of the aborigines of Tasmania were they were of the same kind as those of all other primitive races of which we have any note. There certainly were several dialects of the Tasmanian aboriginal divided geographically. Two of these were easily distinguished, namely, the north-western and western speech, and eastern and southern speech. He analysed the records of Roth and others. It was a primitive and infantile method of conveying thought. He dwelt on the intonation, word accent and modulations of the speech. Mr. Horace Watson, of Sandy Bay, an ardent student of aboriginal life, had shown much kindness to Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, one of the direct descendants of the Tasmanian aboriginals, and she had to show her gratitude to him by singing two of the native songs into a phonograph. The lecturer said the melody of one of the songs suggested lo him that it was taken from the piping song of the native magpie. The two interesting phonograph records were then heard on the instrument, which was manipulated by Mr. Trowbridge. Mr. A. J. Taylor commended Mr. Ritz for endeavouring to reconstruct the original mode of speech of the natives. (Applause.) He mentioned that there were two ladies at Kettering who had been acquainted with the blacks when on Flinders island, and who could afford Mr. Ritz much useful information.

"ABORIGINES' CAMP", The Mercury (23 May 1931), 10 

... After the Attorney-General's address a phonograph cylinder record of the only Tasmanian aborigine's song ever made was reproduced on a machine. The record was found recently in the Museum by Mr. Clive Lord, and had unusual interest in connection with the group exhibit made public yesterday. The song was sung by Mrs. Fanny Cochrane Smith, of Cygnet, said then to be one of the last full-blooded-aboriginals alive but evidence of white blood exists. It is a song about flowers and springtime and Mr. Lord has obtained a translation of it. Approximately it carries a range of five or six notes, but is mostly sung on one or two, with sudden burst on the higher level. From the point of melody it cannot be said to have any and the general effect is rather of intoning or chanting. To civilised ear it bears no relation to songs as understood, and the only thing to which one can liken it is Chinese singing. How ever, as the only record made it has unique distinction, and if Mr. Lord's purpose of having a flat disc record made from it be carried out, no doubt other museums and ethnological authorities will welcome the chance of securing a copy.

"RECORDINGS OF ABORIGINAL SONGS PLAYED", The Mercury (14 January 1949), 2

Aboriginal Recordings. VOICE OF EXTINCT PEOPLE LIVES ON IN MEMORY AND WAX, By a Staff Reporter. IN a backyard at Sandy Bay before the turn of the century a tremulous-voiced old woman who had been the "mate" of King Billy in her youth sang for posterity songs of the extinct Tasmanian race. YESTERDAY, an echo of the far off days was brought into another Sandy Bay home when 82 year-old Miss Emily Keene told the story of Fanny Cochrane-Smith. Miss Keene remembers vividly the occasion when the recordings were made by Mr. Horace Watson, a chemist and dentist. They are believed to be the only recordings in existence of the aboriginal tongue. Four of the recordings are in the possession of the Tasmanian Museum. A fifth cylinder, on which was recorded the translation of the songs, was broken some time ago. When the recordings were made, Mr. Watson sent copies to universities all over the world. Miss Keene told me yesterday that when Mr. Watson played the recordings back to Fanny Cochrane Smith, she cried: "My poor race. What have I done." "We could not pacify her for a long time," Miss Keene said. "She thought the voice she heard was that of her mother." Explaining how the recordings were made, Miss Keene said Mr. Watson had organised a Fanny Cochrane-Smith's benefit when financial troubles arose, and the recordings were made out of appreciation for Mr. Watson's services. Miss Keene believes that some relatives of Fanny Cochrane-Smith are still living. However, she is not sure whether any of them can speak the aboriginal tongue. She is sure of one thing, and that is that Fanny Cochrane-Smith did not make any other recordings than those for Mr. Watson. The only white person whom Miss Keene remembers could speak the aboriginal tongue is now dead. "She was a fine woman, and had a true appreciation of the worth of her fellows," was Miss Keene's tribute to Fanny Cochrane-Smith. So the past became vivid again for awhile. Then the kindly woman who remembers a lost tongue went back into the sunshine of her garden, and the other garden she told about faded into the years. [Photo caption: Fanny Cochrane-Smith making a recording of an aboriginal song for Mr. Horace Watson in the backyard of a Sandy Bay home last century.]

"Aboriginal Recordings VOICE OF EXTINCT PEOPLE LIVES ON IN MEMORY AND WAX", The Mercury (23 March 1949), 5 

"DAUGHTER OF FANNY COCHRANE-SMITH", The Mercury (24 March 1949), 6

"Talk On Research Into Folk Music", The Mercury (17 March 1950), 5

"Carena's Column", Examiner (8 July 1953), 8

"VOICE LINK WITH A LOST RACE", The Newcastle Sun (19 August 1953), 5

"WORTH REPORTING: Musical relic of the past", The Australian Women's Weekly (23 February 1955), 34 

Audio recording:

Fanny Cochrane Smith's Tasmanian Aboriginal Songs (1903), NFSA/Screen Australia,

"Fanny Cochrane Smith recordings: 1899 and 1903", Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery (7 February 2013) 


Barnard 1889 

Roth 1899, especially Appendix G 

Ritz 1908

Ritz 1909

Longman 1960 (digitised at

Moyle 1960

Moyle 1983

Thomas 2007


J. Clark, "Smith, Fanny Cochrane (1834-1905)", Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

"Fanny Cochrane Smith" 


AIATSIS, The Alice Moyle Collection, papers, Cylinder recordings of Fanny Cochrane Smith

SA Museum, Norman Tindale, papers, documentation for speech and sound recordings 


SMITH, George

Amateur musician (Dilletanti Society), music retailer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840


On 17 January, W. A. Duncan drew to the attention of Chronicle readers the newly established firm of Reid, Smith, and McCrohan, who had taken over the music shop and business of Andrew Ellard. On 23 January, the Gazette reported:

AS we were passing the shop of Messrs. Reid, Smith, & M'Crohan (late Mr. A. Ellard's), on the night of Tuesday last, between the hours of 9 and 10 o'clock, we had the pleasure of hearing several airs played by a very full and efficient orchestra. On enquiry we were informed that it was the rehearsal night of a new musical society called the 'Delatanti Society'. We heard in particular one set of Mozart's celebrated waltzes played in a style we have never heard surpassed in this colony. Dr. Reid, we are informed, is the leader ...

On 28 January, the Dilletanti Society warned the public "on account of this Society, to George Smith, late Secertary, he having been expelled by unanimous vote of the General Meeting", and on 31 January James Reid and Jeremiah McCrohan also advertised that Smith was no longer associated with their business.


"Music", Australasian Chronicle (17 January 1840), 3

"DELATANTI SOCIETY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 January 1840), 2

"DILLETANTI SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (24 January 1840), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (27 January 1840), 3

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (28 January 1840), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (31 January 1840), 2

SMITH, James

Writer, reviewer and commentator on music and drama (The Argus)

Born Loose, Kent, England, 1820
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1854
Died Hawthorn, Melbourne, VIC, 19 March 1910


"AMATEUR PERFORMANCE", The Argus (28 July 1855), 5

"DEATH OF MR. JAMES SMITH", The Argus (21 March 1910), 6

... Mr. James Smith was one of the oldest journalists of note in Australia. He was connected with the Victorian press for upwards of 50 years. Born near Maidstone, in Kent, he was educated for the Church, but scruples of conscience kept him from taking orders. He then turned to journalism ... In 1854 he came out to Victoria, and a year later he joined the staff of the "Age". An offer from the proprietors of "The Argus" drew him in 1858 to the editorial staff of this journal, for which he wrote leaders, literary articles, and dramatic criticisms. To the country press of Victoria he also contributed numerous articles. ... Some years ago his long connection with "The Argus" was broken, and he resumed his old place on the staff of the "Age", with which he was associated principally as a literary writer and dramatic critic up to the time of his death. Mr. Smith was a fluent and versatile writer. He could illuminate almost any topic. This was because he had been throughout his life an omnivorous and systematic reader. ...


James Smith, "The social development of Australasia", in Australasian federal directory (Melbourne and Sydney: J. W. F. Rogers, [1888]), xxvi-vii 

Before the discovery of gold, theatres had been established in Sydney, Melbourne, Geelong, Adelaide, Hobart, and Launceston, and possibly elsewhere in the colonies. But that event brought Australia prominently into notice at the other end of the world, and it was regarded as a country worth exploitering by professional people of considerable repute in Europe and the United States. Catherine Hayes, the vocalist, made the tour of the colonies and reaped a golden harvest; Miska Hauser, a Hungarian violinist, was equally successful; and Anna Bishop was the pioneer of Italian opera, the first entertainment of the kind having been given at the Princess's Theatre (since pulled down) in Melbourne. It was a polyglot performance, for one of the principals sang his part in Italian, another in German, another in French, another in Spanish, and another in English. People cared little for the libretto, however, but a great deal for the music; and, considering that a chorus had to be organized, drilled, and instructed, and that all sorts of difficulties had to be surmounted, the performance was a remarkably successful one. Among other professional visitors to the colonies in those early days were Miss Emma Stanley with her monological entertainment, Mr. Stephen Massett, Jacobs and Anderson the conjurors, the Backus Minstrels from New York, and Lola Montez, bent upon turning to pecuniary profit the notoriety she had acquired by her amours with the then King of Bavaria, and by the insurrection, which had resulted in her expulsion from Munich ... MUSIC. The cultivation of music in the various colonies belonging to this group commenced at a comparatively early period of their existence, and it could be scarcely more widely diffused than it is among all classes of society. This is a fact which impresses itself on the attention of foreign visitors more particularly. One of these, the Baron Michel, in a lecture delivered before the Societe des Etudes Coloniales et Maritimes, in Paris, last year, remarked to his hearers, "You cannot imagine how widely disseminated is the pianoforte in Australia. I will not say that there is one on every floor, because most of the houses are of one story only, but certainly every village, every cottage, and, in shorty every habitable dwelling possesses one if not two of these instruments. And, indeed, they are so prevalent that some mischievous wag proposed to give Sydney the name of Pianopolis." There may be a trace of exaggeration in this statement, but it is nevertheless substantially true; and you cannot walk through the suburbs of any of the chief centres of population in either of the colonies without being reminded of the gratifying fact that a pianoforte of some kind constitutes a portion of the furniture, not only of middle-class houses, but of the back parlours of small shopkeepers, and of the cottages of prosperous artisans. As a natural consequence, musical entertainments are extremely popular, and associations for promoting the study and practice of the divine art are exceedingly numerous in proportion to the population. In Sydney the Metropolitan Liedertafel numbers 400 subscribers and 60 performing members, and the Sydney Liedertafel 1000 subscribers, and 74 vocalists and 25 instrumentalists as performing members; while there is also an efficiently conducted Western Suburbs Musical Society. In Melbourne the Philharmonic Society has been in existence upwards of thirty years, and is one of the most important organizations of the kind in Australasia. It has an influential competitor in the Metropolitan Liedertafel, with which must be bracketed the Melbourne Liedertafel. In addition to these, there is the Musical Association of Victoria, the Tonic Sol-fa Association, the Continental Concert Society, and the Brighton, the Hawthorn and Kew, and the Toorak Harmonic Societies. Adelaide has its Deutsche Liedertafel, with 200 subscribers and 22 performing members; Hobart, its Philharmonic Society, its Orchestral Union, its Orpheus Club, its Liedertafel, and its Metropolitan, Reserve, and Rifle Bands. There are also five bands of music in Launceston. Brisbane has its Musical Union, with 300 subscribers, 86 practising and 20 auxiliary members; its Orchestral Society, its Liedertafel, and its South Brisbane Musical Society. Of similar musical associations in New Zealand we have no accessible record, but the inhabitants of that colony, are certainly not behind those of the continent in their affection for and cultivation of the most refined and humanizing of the arts ... A pretty good index to the prevalence of a popular taste for music is afforded by the fact that so many musicians of eminence have visited the Australasian colonies  ... [several pages more]  for the purpose of giving concerts in them, and generally speaking with satisfactory results to themselves. Miss Arabella Goddard, MM. Pouasard and Douay, Henri Ketten, Wilhehnj, Kowalski, Remenyi, Kö hler, Ley, Madeline Schiller, and Herr Pabst may be enumerated among those who have crossed the Equator in search of fame or fortune - some of them obtaining both - in these Southern land. And the munificent gift of £20,000 by a private citizen, the Hon. Francis Ormond, for the foundation of a chair of music in the Melbourne University, is a splendid recognition of the importance of this form of culture as a branch of the higher education. Some mention has already been made of the beginnings of opera in Australia. But its institution as a permanent source of enjoyment was due to the enterprise of Mr. F. S. Lyster, an Irish American gentleman who came hither from California about five and twenty years ago, bringing with him a well-organized and remarkably efficient company, together with a skilful conductor, for the performance of grand opera. He produced the masterpieces of Meyerbeer, Mozart, Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, Gounod, Flotow, Verdi, Auber, Balfe, Wallace, Weber, and other composers upon the boards of the principal theatres in Australasia, with a completeness which may have been subsequently equalled, but has certainly not been surpassed; and he contributed in no unimportant degree to raise the taste of the play-going public in many instances, to educate it in some, and to provide an intellectual form of entertainment for all. The news of his success, from a financial point of view, induced some speculative managers in Italy to engage a specifically Italian company of lyric artists for a professional tour through the Australian colonies, and the result was a succession of operatic performances which, if they did not reach the high standard of great European capitals, were such as to satisfy all reasonable expectations. Indeed the lighter productions of Rossini and Donizetti were interpreted as efficiently as they could have been in Milan or Naples; while wandering stars like Ilma di Murska and Carlotta Patti, with other vocalists of lesser note, occasionally made their appearance in the principal concert-rooms of the colonies. As a private accomplishment, there is no art more popular than music throughout the whole of Australasia, and the quantity of musical instruments and the amount of sheet music imported, to say nothing of the pianos and organs locally manufactured, as well as the number of qualified persons engaged in tuition, would be found, on examination, to reach a total that is literally astonishing, when regard is had to the limits of the population.

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. BY J. S. No. I.", The Argus (17 May 1890), 4

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. BY J. S. No. II.", The Argus (24 May 1890), 13

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. By J. S. No. III.", The Argus (31 May 1890), 4

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. By J. S. No. IV.", The Argus (7 June 1890), 4 

Bibliography and resources:

Ann-Mari Jordens, Smith, James (1820-1910), Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)


Musician, violinist, fiddler

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE, The Argus (15 April 1856), 5

DESERTING A WIFE AND FAMILY. A man named John Smith was brought up at the City Court yesterday on a charge of deserting his wife and three children. The wife, a very decent-looking woman, stated that the prisoner, who is a musician, had been in the habit of treating her very brutally. She was married to him at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in England, and during the time they lived together in England the prisoner beat her so severely that he was sentenced to six months' imprisonment in Stafford gaol, and the wife and her mother, a person of very respectable appearance, appear to have used every endeavor for the prisoner's release from custody, and by some means obtained £45, which they paid for his passage to this colony. Since their arrival here the poor woman had been obliged to support herself and family by washing, while the husband was squandering his earnings in debauchery. A few days ago he returned home, when she was in bed, and broke his fiddle over her head, and stabbed the bedclothes in several places with a knife, one of which stabs inflicted a wound in her left arm. ...

SMITH, John Washington

Minstrel, manager

Born USA, c.1815
Died South Yarra, VIC, 31 August 1877


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 May 1871), 3

"Deaths", The Argus (1 September 1877), 1

"DEATH OF A THEATRICAL MANAGER", Evening News (3 September 1877), 2

We regret to have to announce the death of Mr. John Washington Smith, the well-known theatrical manager, which occurred this morning, at 3 O'clock, at his residence, South Yarra. Mr. Smith, who was 58 years of age, has been well known in connection with the theatrical profession in these colonies, having been identified in a managerial character with public amusements here for many years. He was associated with Mr. W. S. Lyster in the management of the first theatrical company which Mr. Lyster brought to this colony, and since then has introduced a large number of artists of all lands to the colonies. Mr. Smith also travelled much, and was in the habit of doing the round of all the colonies, and then taking his various companies to Japan, China, and India, in all which countries his name was almost as well-known as it was in Australia. The veteran manager died, it may be said, in harness ...

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 24 

John Washington Smith was one of the earliest and best negro delineators ante-dating minstrelsy proper, although he was later associated with several prominent organizations. His earliest recorded appearance was with the Lion Circus in Cincinnati, December, 1838. The following year he played in New York, and a year later went to Europe, where he performed with "Pickaninny" Coleman. Returning to America, he played at the Bowery Amphitheatre, April 25, 1842. In 1849 he wrote and first sung the song that was afterwards in the repertoire of many famous minstrels - "Old Bob Ridley;" this occurred in New Orleans, La. In the Fall of 1855 he was with the original San Francisco Minstrels in the California metropolis. He subsequently went to Australia and other foreign countries, where for many years he piloted various minstrel organizations. John Washington Smith was born in the United States about 1815; he died in S. Yarra, Australia, August 31, 1877.

SMITH, Josephine Villeneuve (Mrs. Yvon ECCLES)

Amateur composer

Born VDL (TAS), 1836
Died UK, 1893, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SMITH (a son of Francis Smith)

Pianist, ? pupil of Joseph Reichenberg

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838


Marie Josephine Villeneuve, formerly of the West Indies, and her husband Francis Smith came to Tasmania in 1826. Their son Francis was later premier of Tasmania (1857-60), and daughter Hester married captain John Williams of the 99th (Lanarkshire) Regiment. I had thought Josephine was perhaps a grand-daughter, but Tony Marshall discovered the record of her 1869 marriage (to Yvon Richard Eccles), that states she too was a daughter. Her The Lanarkshire polka (Hobart: Huxtable & Deakin, [1855]) appeared in H. B. Stoney's The Tasmanian lyre, an anthology closely connected with the 99th. At least one of her much older brothers was also musical (perhaps William, later an Adelaide lawyer), a pianist and possibly a pupil of Joseph Reichenberg.


"ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, RICHMOND", The True Colonist (5 January 1838), 5 

(From a Correspondent) In pursuance of the advertisement announcing the opening of this unique and classic edifice for divine worship on Sunday, a highly respectable and numerous assembly of gentry arrived at eleven o'clock, to witness this most solemn and imposing ceremony. Nothing could equal the surprise of the audience at finding a most efficient choir contributing to the solemnity of the scene. The well played clarionet of that professor of music, Mr. Reichenberg, aided by the skill on the piano of a talented young gentle man, a son to Francis Smith, Esq. with the delicate taste displayed by a lady, who accompanied that instrument, in incomparable style, and also by the skill of Mr. Solicitor Wynne, from Hobart Town, contributed to excite feelings of religious fervor and enchantment amongst the entire audience. The Vicar General sang the high mass with great ability ...

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

Colonial Times (9 March 1855), 4

"DEATH", Alexandra Times (10 December 1868), 2

"MARRIED", Alexandra Times (11 June 1869), 2 

Musical work:

The Lanarkshire polka, composed by Josephine Villeneuve Smith (Hobart: Huxtable & Deakin, [1855]), in The Tasmanian lyre (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

J. M. Bennett and F. C. Green, "Smith, Francis Villeneuve (1819-1909)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

"Francis Villeneuve Smith", Wikipedia


Piano tuner and maker (fifteen years with Broadwood and Sons)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1853), 8

"HORRIBLE OCCURRENCE. SUICIDE OF MR. SPENCE, THE DRAPER. (From the Melbourne Herald.)", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 June 1853), 1s

SMITH, Robert

Music master, fiddler

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1836


"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (8 March 1836), 7

SMITH, Sydney

Mouth organ player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1831


"Police Incidents", The Sydney Herald (30 May 1831), 2

Sydney Smith, for being riotous, drunk, &c., and dancing in the street to the tune of Drops o' Brandy, which he himself played on a mouth organ, had to cash up five bob, and was warned in future to hide his musical talents under a bushel.


Composer, bandmaster (Imperial Band)

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1879

October 1979: NEW MUSIC- We have received from Mr. William Bullard, the "Australian Exhibition Schottische" composed by Mr. W. H. Smith. It is dedicated to P. A. Jennings, Esq., C.M.G., Executive Commissioner for the International Exhibition. The music is nicely arranged, and the "Exhibition Schottische" is sure to become a favourite. The printing, which is good, is done by Messrs. Gibbs, Shallard and Co. The price is Is. 6d.

1880: Mr. W. H. Smith, the composer of the "Australian Exhibition Schottische," has been elected bandmaster of the Imperial band.

1882: Mr. W. H. Smith, Bandmaster of the Imperial and Mercantile Bands, writes on the subject of Brevities, which have appeared as to the practising of band music in Selwyn-street, that on Wednesdays night (referred to in Thursday's "Brevities"), the drum was not touched, the drummer being absent from practice, and that the playing of the other instruments ceased a few minutes past 10. As to the band being discordant, he avers that they play well together, and in tune. When they practiced in Brisbane-street there were no complaints, though they were merely learners and practising their scales.


"THE BRASS BAND CONTEST. To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1879), 5

"BRASS BAND CONTEST. To the Editor", Evening News (28 July 1879), 3

"NEW MUSIC", Freeman's Journal (11 October 1879), 16

"TEMPERANCE HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1880), 6

"Brevities", Evening News (26 June 1880), 5

"Brevities", Evening News (29 April 1882), 4

SMITH, William

Precentor (St. Stephen's, Macquarie Street), conductor (Presbyterian Psalmody Association)

Active Sydney, NSW by 1865
Died Waverley, NSW, 30 August 1893, in his 51st year


Mr. William Smith was precentor of St. Stephen's Presbyterian Church, Macquarie Street, Sydney, from 1877 until his resignation in March 1880, only a month after the inauguration of the new Willis organ on 8 February 1880 which, no doubt, seriously impacted on the simpler style of vocal music prevailing there hitherto.


"PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, PYRMONT", Empire (8 November 1865), 5

"TEA MEETING AND ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 November 1873), 7

"Presbyterian Psalmody Association", Evening News (18 January 1876), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 September 1893), 1

"FUNERAL SERVICE AT WAVERLEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1893), 6

At Waverley Presbyterian Church yesterday funeral service was conducted by the Rev. Macaulay, M.A., having special reference to death of Mr. William Smith, of the Waverley Quarries, who was buried at the Waverley Cemetery on Friday ... Mr. Smith was for many years precentor of St. Stephen's Church, Sydney, and also took an active part in the Liedertafel, where his voice was of great service.

Bibliography and resources:

SMYTH, Arthur Bowes

First Fleet diarist, naval surgeon

Born England, 23 August 1750
Arrived Botany Bay, NSW, 18/20 January 1788 (on Lady Penryhn)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 20 April 1789 (on Lady Penryhn, for Lord Howe Island)
Died England, 31 March 1790 (NLA persistent identifier)


Though having only a handful of musical observations, Bowes Smyth's First Fleet diary (22 March 1787-August 1789) remains an important early documentary source for its entries dated 7 August 1787, and 7 and 9 February 1788. It exists in three versions.

The original manuscript, made in situ with illustrations:

National Library of Australia (digitised MS:

and two later edited and corrected fair copies:

State Library of New South Wales (digitised MS and online transcript

British Library (MS, search item: 032-002104405)

SMYTHE, Carlyle

Music journalist and reviewer (The Argus), musical and artists agent, writer

Born Umbana, Himalayas (son of Amelia BAILEY and Robert SMYTHE)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1869-1925
Died Nice, France, December 1925


"MR. CARLYLE SMYTHE. Death in France", The Argus (18 December 1925), 21

Mr. Carlyle Smythe was the son of the late Mr R. S. Smythe and Mrs Smythe ... Mr. [Robert] Smythe sen, was, as is well remembered, an entrepreneur for eminent lecturers, and also for some years a concert manager. Mrs R. S. Smythe (who was Miss Amelia Bailey) was a soprano singer on one of the tours conducted by Mr. Smythe, and it was while they were on a tour in the East that Mr. Carlyle Smythe was born at Umbana, at the foot of the Himalaya Mountains. His childhood and boyhood were spent in Melbourne, and he was educated at Hawthorn Grammar School, under Professor Irving ... He became a student of the University, where he gained the degree of bachelor of arts. ... After leaving the university Mr. Carlyle Smythe assisted in managing some of the more notable tours which his father arranged. Subsequently, he spent some time in Europe, during which he engaged in journalism in Brussels, where he was for four years editor of the "Belgian Times", a journal published in English and French. He also published a history of Belgium. Upon his return to Australia he took up the interests that his father had made practically a family possession ... After his father had retired Mr. Carlyle Smythe made engagements on his own account, and among other notable persons who came to Australia under his auspices were Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Mr. Alexander Watson, Captain Amundsen and Annie Besant. The promise of Mr Carlysle Smythe's early life in literature and art was thoroughly fulfilled during his connection with journalism in the intervals between his other engagements which involved travelling. He was for a considerable time a valued contributor to these columns, both as art and musical critic and as a writer on the broad questions of international policy ..."

SMYTHE, Robert Sparrow

Concert agent, musical commentator (husband of Amelia Bailey)

Born Lambeth, London

Active Australia, by 1862
Died Depedene, VIC, 23 May 1917


"STATE ACADEMY OF MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1891), 5

"THE MOST TRAVELLED MANAGER IN THE WORLD", New Zealand Herald (19 September 1891), 1

"DEATH OF MR. R. S. SMYTHE", The Argus (24 May 1917), 6

... Early in the fifties Mr. Smythe was recommended by his medical adviser to try the long sea voyage to Australia as a sort of last hope in an aggrevated case of pulmonary weakness. That voyage not only provided a complete cure, but was the beginning of wanderings that made Mr. Smythe familiar with most of the inhabited portions of the earth. Upon reaching Australia he joined the ranks of the newspaper press and in the course of his journalistic experiences in Melbourne and Adelaide witnessed and described some of the historic incidents of the early days. ...But Mr. Smythe in the early sixties discovered that, like Ulysses, " he could not rest from travel ", and he organised a small concert party, headed by two young French instrumentalists, Poussard and Douay, whom he piloted for five years through Australia, Asia and South Africa ...


Professor of Music, pianist, organist (St. John's Church, Launceston)

Active Launceston, TAS, 1854


? "CONVICT DEPARTMENT ... Conditional Pardons", Launceston Examiner (3 July 1847), 8

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (18 March 1854), 2

"REMINISCENCES [BY B.]", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2

SOBELS, Richard

Bassoonist (Tanunda School Band)

Active Tanunda, SA, 1853


"TANUNDA SCHOOL EXAMINATION", South Australian Register (29 March 1853), 2


Bugler (9th Regiment), convict

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840


[Notice of absconders], The Sydney Herald (29 October 1840), 4

Solly John, Coramandel (3), 41, Canterbury, bugler in the 9th Foot, 5 feet 11 inches, fair and ruddy comp., sandy hair, grey eyes, holding a Ticket of Leave for the district of Windsor.


Violinist, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1839


"CECILIAN SOCIETY'S ANNIVERSAY CONCERT", The Colonist (14 December 1839), 2

Mr. Solomon's performance on the violin, as usual, gave universal satisfaction and was encored. Mr. Wallace's flute was listened to with the same pleasure it always is. "The Maid of Judah" was very well sung by Mr. S. a [?] (Secretary to the Society), although Mr. S. was labouring under a severe cold.


Music teacher, blind musician, piano tuner

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1885


"VICTORIAN ASYLUM AND SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND", Bendigo Advertiser (27 October 1885), 2

"Local and Other News", Kyabram Union (19 January 1894), 2

We would direct attention to the fact that Mr A. Solomon, teacher of music and singing, visits Tatura every Tuesday and Wednesday, and can be seen at Mrs. Finn's, Casey-street, on those days. Mr Solomon holds credentials for tuning from Mr Arthur H. Whinfield, musical director to the Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind, Mr. A. J. Pallett, vocal master, J. T. Hogarth, superintendent and secretary and A. E. King, tuning-master, and J. T. Higgins, tuning instructor to the above institution. Mr. Pallett speaks of Mr. Solomon as a careful, diligent teacher, one ever ready to help to push forward the interests of those placed under his charge. He was looked upon as one of the best pupils the Blind Institute produced, and was especially useful as a choir director. Mr. Solomon has been teaching in this district for the past 18 months, and, wherever he has been, he has always received a good name as a teacher. He is at present conductor of the Murchison Choral Society, and acts as organist at the Church of England at the same town. Mr Solomon's proved ability to instruct and teach singing and music should secure for hint a number of pupils in Tatura and its surroundings.

"BLIND MUSICIANS", Grey River Argus (23 August 1898), 3

... Aaron Solomon went blind when six years of age. He retired to rest one night and woke the next morning only to find his sight was gone, and the remarkable occurrence has never been satisfactorily accounted for. For five years he was employed at the Institute as a music teacher, and for two years was teaching in the Goulburn Valley district, being at the same time organist of Christ Church, Murchison, and conductor of the Murchison Choral Society. He has a splendid baritone voice, and his comic songs have convulsed many an audience. He is also a master of the piano, cornet, etc., and holds a certificate for piano tuning.

"MENDICANTS IN THE CITY. Prosecuted for Obstruction", The Argus (22 June 1923) 9

"CONCERT BY THE BLIND", West Gippsland Gazette (11 November 1924), 3


SOLOMON, Edward = Edward SALAMAN


Singer (Hobart Synagogue)

Born Sheerness, 1814
Arrived VDL (TAS), 1833 (free)
Died Dunedin, NZ, 1897

Summary (Levi):

1842 census: Shopkeeper, Collins Street, Hobart; Member of Hobart Hebrew Congregation; 17 Jan 1845, Hobart Town Advertiser he's imported 400,000 "Segars". [Levi, These are the names (2006), 730-31]



"THE SYNAGOGUE", The Observer (15 July 1845), 3

"THE SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (11 July 1845), 3

SOMERS, Michael Joseph (Joe SOMERS)

Professor of music, pianist, accordion player, musical director, comedian

Active Goulburn, NSW, 1882
Died Sydney, NSW, 18 July 1917, aged 58 years (TROVE public tag)


"MISS CLARA HAMILTON's CONCERTS", Goulburn Herald (14 March 1882), 2 

The first of two concerts by Miss Clara Hamilton, Scotch vocalist, was given in the hall of the mechanics' institute last night. The audience numbered about three hundred. Miss Hamilton was assisted by a number of local amateurs, comprising Mrs. Troughton, pianist, Miss Riley and Messrs. Somers, Mitchell, Whitehead, and Holloway ...

"GOULBURN POLICE COURT", Goulburn Herald (9 May 1882), 2 

False Pretences. - Michael Joseph Somers (on bail) was charged with obtaining by false pretences a watch, chain, and locket from Maurice Lynch on the 13th February. He pleaded not guilty ...

[Lynch said] To the prisoner: I made a mistake; it was not the 21st March when I last saw you in Goulburn, I should have said the 21st April; it was not in consequence of what I heard of your departure for America that I instituted the present proceedings; I know that at the time you bought the watch you were organist at the church and band-master for the juvenile guild band ...

In reply to the charge the prisoner said: At the time I bought the watch, chain, and locket I did it only on the spur of the moment, thinking at the time that I was giving the prosecutor a little assistance in his business by becoming a customer; the prosecutor knew very well at the time that when I made the purchase I did so with the intention of paying for it before getting possession; if I had made a remark about having money in the bank I did not do so with the intention of defrauding the prosecutor; I have been in prosecutor's company on several occasions, and no mention had been made of the matter when leaving Goulburn to go to Sydney; I had no intention of doing so for good, as I had a great many pupils both for dancing and music awaiting my return; I only went to Sydney on a matter of business; and fully intended returning on Friday last; some false reports have been spread about me during my absence, which have led to the present prosecution.

The prisoner was committed to take his trial at the court of quarter sessions to be held on the 29th August next, bail allowed, himself in £50, and one surety of £50, which was forthcoming.

"QUARTER SESSIONS", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (31 August 1882), 2 

... Mr. Gannon addressed the jury, alluding to the case as a trumpery one. The jury must see that Lynch, when he sold the watch, was influenced by the fact, that the prisoner hold a good position in the town ... He thought there could be very little doubt in the minds of the jury as to the innocence of his client, and that he would be discharged from the dock. His Honor briefly summed up, and the jury without leaving the box, returned a verdict of not guilty, and the prisoner was discharged.

"AMONG THE RATS", Evening News (14 January 1889), 5 

A well attended meeting of the members of the club was held in the Castle, in Castlereagh-street, on Sunday night. Mr. Joe Somers occupied the chair. The orchestra consisted of - violins, Messrs. F. Smith, J. Brady, F. Smith, senr.; pianists - Messrs. G. Crook, M. Edwards, and W. Russell; concertinas - Messrs. H. North, R. Booth, H. Shaw, W. Montgomery; cornets - Messrs. C. Gee, J. Turner, W. English; picolos - Messrs. J. Smith, senr., and P. Millwood. Mr. Joe Somers, in a happy speech, proposed "The Visitors," in which he included the members of the Liberator Lodge, E.A.O.B., which club entertained a number of Rats lasts Friday night. Messrs. J. Taylor and Phillips responded. Messrs. Frank Lincoln and George Wright were elected as new members. During the evening some good songs, &c. were given by Messrs. W. Russell, J. Taylor, J. Somers, J. Duke, G. Smith, Phillips, Hoskins, Mason, W. Fitzpatrick, M. Edwards, and W. Wood.

"AUSTRALIAN WAXWORKS CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1901), 7 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 July 1917), 6 

SOMERS. - July l8, 1917, at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Michael Joseph (Joe) Somers (pianist), aged 58 years. R.I.P.

SOTHERN, John Russell

Organist, composer, author, printer, publisher

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1862
Died North Queensland, 21 November 1895 (NLA persistent identifier)


Sothern published a volume of verse, Zephyrus, and other poems in Melbourne in July 1862, and his first musical publication followed in March 1863, an anthem, The lord is my shepherd. In June 1863 his patriotic song The British volunteers (word by S. H. Banks of the Collingwood Rifles) was sung at the Royal Haymarket Theatre in Melbourne. A few months later he relocated to Sydney, where in April 1864, it was reported that:

Mr. Southern [sic] has composed a very excellent Magnificat which it is said he intended to send to England for publication. This gentleman has also composed other pieces possessing merit, particularly the Australian New Year's march.

This latter was published for New Year 1864 under the imprint of Wilkie, Elvy, and Co., Sydney, "Dedicated to Lieutenant Colonel Kempt, of the XII Regiment". It was perhaps the same work as the "Original Grand March, composed by J. R. Southern Esq. [sic ...] performed on the Organ, by the composer" during the interval at a concert in Sydney in October 1863, and perhaps too the same as the "AUSTRALIAN CHRISTMAS MARCH ... by J. R. SOUTHERN, Esq., that was advertised as about to be published in December by George Peck's widow and son, Felix. And again, at a charity concert in July 1864, "An Australian march, performed by the composer, Mr. J. R. Southern (who kindly volunteered his services as accompanist) concluded the first portion of the entertainment".

Before the end of 1864, Sothern had relocated again to Queensland, where, in Ipswich, in June 1867, he released part 1 of The Queensland comic song book (unidentified).

According to a later account (Barker 1927), Sothern had brought printing plant with him from Sydney:

... for the purpose of printing a sporting newspaper. He told me the original cost of the plant was £1100. His partners were Messrs. Controy and Hunt ... The name of the paper was "Bell's Life" and its columns were open to sporting advertisements and news. It was a failure and his partners left him to battle with a load of debts ... Then came the historical opening up of Gympie in October, 1867 and Mr. Sothern joined the big rush to that field ... After a couple of months, however, Mr Sothern came back from Gympie a sad and poor man, one of many unlucky diggers. He resumed work and continued until January, 1868, when Messrs. Parkinson and Kidner purchased the plant and took it to Gympie, where they established the Gympie Times.

Back in Sydney in June 1876, James Reading and Co. published Sothern's Empress of India Grand March (see second edition The Empress of India march). He was living in Castlemaine, VIC, in June 1879 when his ballad A passing dream was awarded bronze medal for musical composition at the Sandhurst Exhibition. He was piano tuning in Cairns by 1889, and died there, intestate, in 1895.


[News], The Argus (5 July 1862), 4

[News], The Argus (3 March 1863), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 June 1863), 8

[Advertisement], Empire (19 October 1863), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (5 December 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1863), 2

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1864), 6

"TONIC SOL-FA ASSOCIATION", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1864), 4


"SHIPPING", Brisbane Courier (10 December 1864), 4

"News of the Week", The Queenslander (8 June 1867), 5

[Advertisement], Rockhampton Bulletin (4 March 1871), 3

[Advertisement], Rockhampton Bulletin (9 March 1871), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1876), 11

[News], The Argus (3 July 1876), 4

"MUDGEE", Australian Town and Country Journal (19 August 1876), 10

"SANDHURST", The Argus (18 June 1879), 3

[News], The Argus (12 March 1881), 5

[Advertisement], Cairns Post (5 June 1889), 4

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 July 1899), 8


"Some Rare Australian Books", The West Australian (23 September 1933), 4 

SOU-ALLE, Ali-Ben (Augustin Edmond SOUALLE)

Saxophone-turkophone player, pianist, composer

Born Arras, Pas-de-Calais, France
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, by June 1853; departed 20 February 1855 (for Auckland)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 28 May 1855 (from Auckland); departed ? Sydney, after June 1855 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Ali-Ben Sou-Alle, the self-styled "turkophone" (saxophone) virtuoso, and convert to Islam who habitually performed in his adopted Turkish "national costume", toured the world during the 1850s, later in Paris publishing musical "souvenirs" of Natal, Shanghai, Java, Mauritius, and Australia, among others. Sou-Alle performed in London for Jullien during the Great Exhibition of 1851, and perhaps lured by reports of the healthy new market for entertainers in the far east, eventually arrived in Australia in mid 1853. As well as making a hit with his mixture of musicianship and showmanship, he also produced several local compositions.

At the official opening of the Geelong Railway in September 1853, it was reported that: "During the déjeuner, an anthem ...set to music by the celebrated Ali Ben Sou Alle, was sung by Mr. Hancock, and received with rapturous applause" (performed again in Melbourne in March 1854 with full orchestral accompaniments). The lyricist was the English poet Martin Farquhar Tupper, the words perhaps identical with his Advance Australia, "A National Ballad for the Times 1853", published by Woolcott and Clarke in Sydney. At the Mechanics' Institute in Melbourne on 5 August 1853, Sou-Alle introduced a Valse L'Australienne, "(first time), composed expressly for this concert", and Cheerily, men, "the sailor's song, by desire, a piece of descriptive music", also expressly composed, and described in a detailed program note in the advertisement. It was probably the same piece reviewed earlier in the Argus:

...we perceive that Mr. Sou-Alle is a composer of considerable merit. A piece composed by him, representing a storm at sea, and containing an adaptation of the well-known sailors' song, was very well received at the last concert, and is to be repeated to-night.

In Melbourne in March 1854 he introduced his Turki-Russian historical polka ("composed on the arrival of news of the late victories of the Turks at Kalafat and Oltenitza"), and at his concert ins Hobart in November 1854, Sou-Alle dedicated to the governor William Denison his Tasmanian polka. In Melbourne that same month, with the band of the 40th Regiment, he presented his Digger's polka, which, according to the press:

... though not fully appreciable to the fairer portion of hearers, was interesting to many present, who would be reminded of the differences between the dash of the lucky miner's cradle and the slow plaintive tone of that of the solitary man who gloomily collects his pennyweights.

The polka remained in the 40th band's repertoire, and they played it again in Melbourne in June 1856.

At least one of his compositions was printed locally, The Goulburn waltz, dedicated "a mes amis de Goulburn", where he gave two concerts in January 1855. Miska Hauser attended a farewell breakfast given Sou-Alle at the Goulburn Hotel on his departure for Windsor. Both his and Hauser's Goulburn concerts created a minor sensation, when a local music-lover, none other than Daniel Deniehy, was charged, in effect, with lèse-majesté for, on each occasion, sitting with his hat on during the God save the queen.

Sou-Alle is last heard of in Sydney in June 1855, having previously reported that he was "starting for Europe, where he has an engagement to perform at the approaching Exhibition of Paris [1855]." His extant musical recollection, Souvenirs d'Australie was published in Paris in 1861 (see modern edition).

Sou-Alle's nationality has often been questioned. In South Africa, it was believed that he was an "Patrick Sullivan" (George S. Jackson, Music in Durban, 1970, 14); in Australia (according to Lea-Scarlett (1970), 27): "Ben Sullivan attracted crowds as Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle". However, the Revue et gazette musicale de Paris (1857) states that he was born in Pas-de-Calais, France, and documentation for his naturalisation in Mauritius (as a British subject) identifies him as: "No 26 [de 1863]. Pour naturaliser M. Augustin Edmond SOUALLE, alias ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE" (cf. his modern publishers had identified him as Charles-Valentin Soualle, born in 1820 in Arras, who was perhaps his brother)


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 June 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 June 1853), 5

"CONCERT", The Argus (25 July 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 August 1853), 8

"THE INAUGURATION FETE OF THE GEELONG RAILWAY (Abridged from the Geelong Advertiser)", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 March 1854), 8

"ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE", The Courier (6 October 1854), 2

[Advertisement], (1 November 1854), 3

"Public Amusements: ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE'S concert ...", The Courier (4 November 1854), 2

"ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE", Bell's life in Sydney (30 December 1854), 2

"MUSIC IN THE COUNTRY", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1855), 5

"YASS. JANUARY 20", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 January 1855), 5

"WINDSOR. ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1855), 4

"BREAKFAST TO ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE", The Courier (10 February 1855), 2

"CLEARANCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1855), 4

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 May 1855), 4

"NEW ZEALAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1855), 4

"MORE CONCERTS", The Moreton Bay Courier (16 June 1855), 3

"ALI BEN SOU ALLE", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1855), 5

ALI BEN SOU ALLE. After a professional tour through the chief provinces of New Zealand, where his success throughout was of the most flattering, and, we are glad to add, the most substantial character, this clever artiste has returned to the colony, and previous to giving a series of concerts in Sydney, he has accepted a pressing invitation to visit Woollongong and its vicinity. He was accompanied to New Zealand by Monsieur Valere, a tenor singer of much promise, and who continues to assist in the concerts which he is now giving. On the 8th and 11th instant, he gave concerts at Wollongong to crowded audiences, the "familie" of the Turkophone-Saxe, from la petite turkoponini upwards, being most cordially received. The extraordinary efforts produced on each of his instruments, and the exquisite taste displayed in the execution of the classical music selected elicited the warmest demonstrations. On the 10th, he gave a concert at Dapto, with equal success, and was to give another last evening at Kiama, We shall be glad to see Ali Ben-Sou-Alle return to Sydney, and assist in various musical entertainments which are in contemplation tor the winter season. He is a musician of great attainments, and we hope that his reception on his return to Sydney, will induce him to prolong his stay.

D. H. DENIEHY, "To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 June 1856), 8

"ALI-BEN-SOU-ALLE. Pondichery, 1er mai 1857", Revue et gazette musicale de Paris 2/25 (21 June 1857) 204

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1858), 3

"MUSIQUE POUR PIANO", Bibliographie de France (30 November 1861), 574

"ORDONANCES", A collection of the laws of Mauritius and its dependencies, Volume 9 (1862-65), 160-61, 198

"CHRONIQUE", La Semaine des familles 6/32 (7 May 1864), 512

"MUSIC", The London Review 9 (13 August 1864), 177

"A VISIT TO THE PROMENADE CONCERTS", Punch (3 September 1864), 100

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Ingham, The Cambridge companion to the saxophone, 13 (PREVIEW)

SOUTER, Charles Henry ("NIL")

Violinist, composer, songwriter, poet, medical doctor

Born Aberdeen, Scotland, 11 October 1864
Arrived Sydney, NSW, March 1879 (per City of Corinth)
Died North Adelaide, SA, 20 August 1944 (NLA persistent identifier)


"BALAKLAVA ATHLETIC SPORTS", Kapunda Herald (24 June 1892), 3

... after which Dr. C. H. Souter gave one of Wieniawski's mazurkas, "Obertass," as a violin solo, but his instrument was evidently not inclined for classical music on this occasion, although the doctor loves it, and is, generally master of it.

"DEATH OF DR. C. H. SOUTER", The Advertiser (24 August 1944), 4  

Musical works and songs:

"We camped at Lazy Harry's on the road to Gundagai"

"ON THE ROAD TO GUNDAGAI. OLD BUSH SONG, ARRANGED BY NIL", Evening News (19 December 1903), 6

"On the road to Gundagai"; and "Flash Jack at Gundagai"

In A. B. Paterson, The old bush songs: composed and sung in the bushranging, digging, and overlanding days (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1905), 24, 26

Bibliography and resources:

Vivian Smith, "Souter, Charles Henry (1864-1944)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

SOUTH, Mr. G. F.

Organist, composer

Active Melbourne, SA, by 1864


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 May 1864), 8

"LATEST FROM VICTORIA", The Cornwall Chronicle (27 August 1864), 6

The Chronicle gives the music of an Australian jubilee ode, composed by Mr. G. F. South, organist of Richmond Wesleyan Church.

[News], The Argus (13 September 1867), 4

[News], Gippsland Times (28 December 1883), 2


Librettist, writer of farces, vaudevilles &c.

Active Melbourne, VIC, by August 1854
Died Albury, NSW, 4 January 1856 (NLA persistent identifier)


"DEATH FROM DROWNING", The Argus (18 January 1856), 5

We regret to have to record the occurrence of a fatal accident to Mr. F. M. Soutten, a young man of considerable literary ability and favorably known to the Melbourne public as the author of several clever vaudevilles which were performed by the Nelson family about two years ago. Mr. Soutten lost his life while bathing in the river Murray, at Albury, on the morning of the 4th inst... . The deceased was only twenty-one years of age, and was a great favourite with all who were in his intimates... . He was author of the successful vaudevilles, "The Sporting Gent", "A Midnight Mystery", "A Brace of Ducks", "A Turk in Distress", and "The Russians in Melbourne", the last of which was the first original burlesque produced in this colony. He was also associated with Mr. W. M. Akhurst in the authorship of a piece de circonstance entitled "The Battle of Melbourne" which, being founded upon the ridiculous circumstance which accompanied the return of the Great Britain from quarantine, met with great success at the Queen's Theatre ... Mr. Soutten came of a thoroughly theatrical family, his mother [Madame Soutten], when Miss Barnett, being renowned as one of the most accomplished maitresses de ballet of her day, and his uncle Mr. Morris Barnett, being even more famous as the author of "Monsieur Jacques", the "Serious Family", and numerous other successful dramatic pieces.


Sidney Nelson, W. M. Akhurst


SPAGNOLETTI, Ernesto (senior)

SPAGNOLETTI, Ernesto (junior)


See main page: 


Vocalist (pupil of Garcia and Negri), teacher of singing and pianoforte

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by February 1855


"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1855), 4

M. Boulanger will be assisted by Mrs. Spence, who will make her first appearance in Sydney. This lady is a pupil of Garcia, and is very highly spoken of in musical circles.

[Advertisement], Empire (22 February 1855), 1

"MR. EDWARD BOULANGER'S SOIREE MUSICALE", Empire (23 February 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 March 1855), 1

"MR. MARSH'S SOIREE MUSICALE", Empire (5 March 1855), 5

"MISKA HAUSER", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 April 1855), 2

SPENCER, John B. (Rev'd Mr. SPENCER)

Vocalist, choirmaster

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 September 1835 (per Oriental, from Liverpool, April)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 28 February 1838 (per Lord William Bentinck, for London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A Benedictine monk, Spencer arrived in Sydney with Bede Polding in September 1835. At Polding's installation at St. Mary's chapel later than month, he was reportedly one of choir. In February 1836, the Gazette considered the respective offerings of church music round the town, concluding:

"The solemnity and superiority of the music at the Roman Catholic Chapel over the other Churches, has become proverbial, and it is certainly a reflection on the parties concerned that with so beautiful an instrument, the performance and singing at St. James's Church is so mediocre. The singing even at the St. Phillip's Church, with the barrel organ, is superior to St. James's. The praise is more deserting to Mr. Spencer, the performer on the Accordion at the Chapel, as he has greater difficulties to encounter, and fewer singers than at the other Churches, notwithstanding which, the harmony is blended with taste and feeling, and consequently makes a suitable impression on the hearer, and commands devotion.

In May 1836 the Australian reported:

The admirers of sacred music had a rich treat in the service at St. Mary's church last Sunday, the whole of which, we believe, was under the superintendence of the Rev. Mr. Spencer, who displayed great taste in his selection of the music. Part of the mass was from Magginghi [Mazzinghi], which was peculiarly pretty, and part from that splendid composer Mozart. Mrs. Rust sang two beautiful solos, one "Ave verum," arranged by Myren [?], and the "Agnus Dei," from Mozart, which she executed with her usual brilliancy and feeling. The offertory was extremely beautiful, the treble by Mrs. Rust, the tenor by Mr. [Francis] Clarke, and the bass by Mr. Bushell. We have never heard this gentleman before - his voice is a very fine bass, and he sung the last mentioned piece in admirable style. We also observed Mr. Deane and Mr. Wallace in the choir, who added their valuable assistance. Mr. Cavendish presided scientifically at the Seraphine. We observed a great number of Protestant ladies and gentlemen in the body of the Church, which was crowded in every part.

In September 1836, at St. Mary's oratorio:

Mr. Spencer performed with much energy the difficult Recitative and Air at the opening of the "Creation" ...


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Colonist (17 September 1835), 7

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (21 September 1835), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 February 1836), 2

"ST. MARY'S CHURCH", The Colonist (2 June 1836), 4

"THE ORATORIO", The Sydney Herald (26 September 1836), 2 

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Monitor (2 March 1838), 2


... [Bishop Polding] was accompanied by several rev. gentlemen, some of whom were fine singers, amongst these were the Rev. Mr. Spencer, who afterwards went home, and the Rev. Mr. Sumner, who was the first priest ordained in these colonies ...

Bibliography and resources:

John Kenny, A history of the commencement and progress of Catholicity in Australia, up to the year 1840 (Sydney: F. Cunninghame, 1886)

J. P. McGuanne, "The humours and pastimes of early Sydney", The Australian Historical Society journal and proceedings 1 (1901), 40-42 

... Father Spencer was a musician and choirmaster ...


Professor of music

Born Liebenau, Bohemia, 1841
Died Adelaide, SA, 21 January 1867, in the 26th year of his age


"EXPORTS", The South Australian Advertiser (27 December 1864), 2

"DIED", The South Australian Advertiser (23 January 1867), 2

SPIETSCHKA. - On the 21st January, by accidentally falling from his horse on the Bay-road, Mr. William Spietschka, professor of music, a native of Liebinau, Bohemia, in the 26th year of his age. Much regretted by a large circle of friends.

"THE LATE MR. SPIETSCHKA", South Australian Register (23 January 1867), 2

We are informed that Mr. Spietschka, who was about 26 years of age, was born at Liebenau, in Bohemia. His father was owner of a large glass ware manufactory, and died a few years before his son emigrated, leaving a large fortune to be divided among his nine children, one of whom is married to the Chief Secretary of Bohemia. The deceased was educated at the Commercial School, Leipsic. He afterwards held a commission in the Bohemian army, and had been in active service. He had no relations out here, but was in receipt of a good income from Germany. For a short time he was clerk at Messrs. Christen & Co., after which he was engaged in teaching music to a considerable number of pupils. He also became leader of the German Liedertafel about two years ago. Mr. Spietschka had been in the colony nearly five years, and being of an amiable disposition he was much liked by the Germans, who deeply regret his untimely death.

SPILLER, Adoplphus Frederick

Professor of dancing, music instrument tuner and repairer, roller-skate promoter

Born Hobart, TAS, 1842 (of Irish parentage)
Active Hobart, by 1861 (TROVE public tag)

SPILLER, William Henry

Violinist ("The Australian Paganini")

Active Melbourne, by 1866
Died Hobart, 11 August 1926, aged 81 (TROVE public tag)


[Advertisement], The Mercury (3 July 1865), 1 

DANCING DEPORTEMENT. ADOLPHUS F. SPILLER, (Pupil of Carandini and Campbell.) CLASS ROOMS, 82, COLLINS STEEET. Private Classes for Ladies and Gentlemen every Wednesday evening, from 7 to 10. Private Classes for Gentlemen only, one evening weekly. Private Lessons for Ladies or Gentlemen any hour from 6 to 10 p.m. An Afternoon and Evening Class for Children. Le Imperial, the New Quadrilles, and Stage Dancing taught. Terms- One guinea per quarter, or 9s. per month; two or more of a family, 15a., or 7s. per month. Schools and Families attended.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 April 1866), 8

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Mercury (20 December 1867), 3

"Theatre Royal", The Cornwall Chronicle (22 February 1868), 3

NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (8 April 1868), 2

"OUR MUSIC PAGE", Illustrated Sydney News (29 August 1873), 2

"2574", The London Gazette (4 August 1874), 3823 

"A NEW WALTZ", The Mercury (12 March 1910), 3 

A few decades back no more familiar name occurred in Tasmanian musical circles than that of Mr. W. H. Spiller, who, as a violinist, took a front rank among his then co-professionals. Not only as an executant did Mr. Spiller shine in the horizon of harmonics, but as a composer he proved himself above the rank and file. That the musician in question is still as enthusiastic in the "divine art" as of yore is demonstrated by the receipt of a copy of a new waltz, written for the piano, entitled "The Chimes," bearing the mark of his authorship ...

"MUSICIAN'S SUDDEN DEATH", The Mercury (12 August 1926), 10

MUSICIAN'S SUDDEN DEATH. COLLAPSES WHILE GIVING LESSON. William Spiller, an elderly musician, collapsed and died at his rooms, 97 Collins-street, about 8-30 o'clock last night. He was preparing to give a music lesson when he had a seizure, and died before medical aid could be secured. The matter has been reported to the Coroner, and an inquest will be opened this morning.

"DEATHS", The Mercury (14 August 1926), 1

"A VALUABLE VIOLIN. WHEREABOUTS UNKNOWN", The Mercury (27 November 1929), 8


The whereabouts of a valuable violin is providing a puzzle for the owners of it (says the New Zealand "Herald"). A couple of years ago, Mr. W. H. Spiller, of Wellington, died in Hobart, leaving his estate to his two sons, Messrs. F. and W. Spiller, and to a married daughter, in Christchurch. The estate included several violins reputed to be of considerable value. One of the instruments was deemed locally to be either a Stradivarius or an Amati, which, it true, might have meant that its value would have run into four figures ...

Musical works:

The Prince Alfred waltz (also Schottische and Galop; and possibly a Galatea Waltz also by Spiller) ([Hobart: Walch, 1868])$002f$002fSD_ILS$002f0$002fSD_ILS:543245/one 

Flying Squadron galop (Hobart Town: J. Walch & Sons, [1869]) 

"The Atalante mazurka", Illustrated Sydney News (29 August 1873), 17

The chimes waltz ([Hobart: Davies Brothers, 1910] 

SPOHR, Henry

Musician, bandsman

Active Sydney, NSW, from 1857


In May 1860, Spohr (listed as musician, aged 22, native of Brunswick) and five colleagues (including Conrad Appel and bandmaster Christian Fredericks) worked was a ship's band for some or all of a voyage on board the Malta between Suez and Sydney.


[Advertisement], The Argus (1 December 1858), 1

Bibliography and resources:


Tenor vocalist, choral conductor

Born Hamburg, 1811
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1855 (from Hamburg)
Died Melbourne, VIC, April 1873, aged 62



By early 1862 and until at least late 1868, Sprinckhorn was a minor member of Lyster's opera company. In April 1863, he sang Rustighello in Lucrezia Borgia in Hobart. By early 1868 he was conductor of the Melbourner Deutsch Liedertafel. According to his obituary:

Herr Sprinckhorn ... as conductor of the Melbourne German Liedertafel and the Melbourne Turn Verein, has been so long and favourably known in this place. Mr. Sprinckhorn had been a resident of Melbourne since 1855, and was at one time connected with Mr. Lyster's Opera Company. He was a native of Hamburg, and at the time of his death, caused by inflammation of the lungs, was aged 62 years. His health had been rapidly failing of late, but the end came very suddenly. He was a man of very independent character, thoroughly upright and truthful in all his dealings, and has has left a large number of sorrowing friends behind him.


[News], The Argus (16 January 1863), 5

[Advertisement], The Mercury (22 April 1863), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 September 1865), 1

"Wochenbericht ans Victoria", Süd Australische Zeitung (27 November 1867), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1868), 8

[News], The Argus (22 February 1868), 5

"HORSLEY AND KENDALL BENEFIT CONCERT", The Argus (29 August 1870), 7


"DEATHS", The Argus (10 April 1873), 4

[News], The Argus (10 April 1873), 5

"MUSIC", The Australian Sketcher (17 May 1873), 23


SPYER, Lawrence Joseph (Yosef)

Violinist, theatre-band musician, merchant

Born England, c.1807
Active Sydney, NSW, 1829-38
Married Angelina de Metz (1814-1883), Sydney, NSW, 30 December 1835
Lawrence died Toorak, VIC, 9 September 1881, aged 74


At the Sydney concert in September 1829, John Edwards and Spyer played "a duet for 2 violins by Rhode" [sic]. Presumably the merchant Lawrence Joseph Spyer (his brother Stephen Joseph Spyer was not based in Sydney until later), he was strictly an amateur, until his business partnership, Cohen and Spyer, became insolvent in May 1831. In mid-1835 he is mentioned, along with Cavendish and Clarke, as a highly paid theatre musician. Early in 1838 he played in Vincent Wallace's final Sydney oratorio. Spyer was a committee member of the Sydney Philharmonic Society in 1859.


"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 September 1829), 2

"Wednesday's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (19 September 1829), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (29 May 1830), 1

"SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Monitor (2 February 1831), 4

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 June 1835), 2

... Mrs. T. kept walking up and down by the foot lights for several minutes, beseeching one or other of our crack violin players to accompany her, but all in vain. Mr. Clarke's fiddle was mute, and Mr. Spyers's bow had, as we suppose, been soaped by some mischievous wight, "for the deuce a bow would either of them draw" ...

"To the editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 August 1835), 3

"Marriage", The Sydney Herald (31 December 1835), 3 

"SUPREME COURT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 June 1837), 2

"THE ORATORIA", The Sydney Herald (5 February 1838), 2

"MUSICAL CLASS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1838), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1859), 1 

SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY ... PRESIDENT, The Hon. J. H. Plunkett; VICE-PRESIDENT, The Hon. F. L. S. Merewether; COMMITTEE, J. Black, Mr. T. A. Boesen, E. Deane, J. Dyer; W. McDonell, L. Spyer, L. Rawack, J. Smith, jun., J. G. Waller, C. Younger: Honorary Treasurer: mr. W. H. Aldis. Conductor: Mr. John Deane ...

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 September 1881), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Levi 2013, These are the names, 845-47


Tenor vocalist (primo tenore, Lyster's company)

Born Bennington, Vermont, USA, 7 May 1825 (son of Buckley Squires and Lucretia Norton)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Departed Sydney, NSW, July 1868
Married Lucy ESCOTT, May 1870
Died Burlington, Iowa, USA, 14 January 1907


See also his stage partner, from 1870 Mrs. Henry SQUIRES = Lucy ESCOTT



"PHILADELPHIA. Drese's National Theatre", Dwight's Music Journal (11 July 1857), 119

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California (25 May 1859), 2

[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

Fred Lyster, "How an opera company worked its passage", The New York Mirror: a reflex of the dramatic events of the week (23 December 1882), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Harold Love, "Henry Squires: an American tenor in Australia", The La Trobe Journal 16 (October 1975):

STAAB, Franz

Pianist, music teacher, composer

Died Melbourne, VIC, 7 September 1871, aged 35

August 1871: The members of the musical profession in Melbourne have resolved to make a charitable effort on behalf of a brother in distress, in the person of Herr Staab, the well-known pianist, who, in consequence of continued illness, has been unable to attend to business, and is now both physically and financially in a very depressed state.

September 1871: Herr Staab, a professor of music of some standing in Melbourne, died there on 7th inst. Some idea of his musical talents may he formed from the fact that when the eminent pianist Thalberg was in New York, giving concerts, he selected Herr Staab to play, in conjunction with himself, concert pieces for two pianos, and we have warrant for stating that the opinion entertained by Thalberg of Herr Staab's ability was a very high one.

1871: Herr Staab's last composition, the Marche de Concert entitled "Germania," was played by fourteen hands, those of the gentlemen above-named and a musical amateur, whose skill was sufficient to warrant his mixing in such company.


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 August 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 March 1870), 8

[News], The Argus (3 August 1871), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 September 1871), 4

"THE STAAB BENEFIT CONCERT", The Argus (18 September 1871), 5

"VICTORIA", Launceston Examiner (23 September 1871), 4

Musical Works (USA):

Banner of the free (1856)

The Chicago skating polka (1862)

STABEMANN, Mr. (probably recte STAAB, as above)

Teacher of music

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1866


"WESLEY COLLEGE", The Telegraph (29 December 1866), 3

STACE, Robert A.

Vocal instructor, schoolmaster

Active Brisbane, QLD, by 1850


In Brisbane in July 1850, the Church of England schoolmaster, Robert Stace offered "OPEN SELECT ADULT CLASSES, for instruction in VOCAL MUSIC". In May 1851 he was unanimously elected "musical conductor" of the Moreton Bay Amateur Musical Society, of which W. A. Duncan was president.


[Unclaimed letters], The Moreton Bay Courier (12 May 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (6 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (27 July 1850), 1

"MORETON BAY AMATEUR MUSICAL SOCIETY", The Moreton Bay Courier (24 May 1851), 2

STAFF, Charles

Musicseller, music instrument dealer, accordeon and concertina maker

Born Norwich, 16 October 1823
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1863
Died Moreland, VIC, 29 June 1888, in his 67th year

STAFF, Isabel (Mrs. HORWITZ)

Soprano vocalist

Born Wigan, England, ? 1851
Departed Melbourne, 11 February 1881 (per Sobraon)

1864: Charles Staff, of Melbourne, musical instrument and ornamental wax-flower dealer. Causes of insolvency: Continued sickness in family, unremunerative employment, and pressure of creditors. Liabilities £446.2s.4d.; Assets, £28; deficiency, £418. 2s. 4d.

1870: The pure soprano tones of Mrs. Howitz's young voice fell very gratefully upon the ear, and great applause greeted the following pieces sung by that lady, namely "Rejoice greatly" (this piece was not named in the programme), and "Come unto Him all ye that labour";" but her most successful effort was the air, "I know that my Redeemer liveth", for which the singer was also honoured with a recall. When Mrs. Howitz's declamatory powers shall be equal to the purity of her voice, she will be still more valuable in oratorio than she is even now.


UK 1861 census [Charles, accordion maker, Liverpool, wife Esther ... daughter Isabel aged 10 born Wigan Lancs. ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 September 1863), 7

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (3 August 1864), 6


"MARRIAGES", The Argus (9 September 1870), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 December 1870), 8

"THE MESSIAH", The Argus (26 September 1870), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1872), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 June 1876), 1

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (18 August 1880), 6

"MRS. HOWITZ'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (7 February 1881), 6

"The Theatres", The Australian Sketcher (26 February 1881), 74

"Deaths", The Argus (30 June 1888), 1

Associations: (Isabel) pupil of David Lee

STAFF, Eliza Sophia

School teacher, musician, organist, artist

Born Parramatta, NSW, 16 January 1831
Died Parramatta, NSW, 10 May 1854, in her 23rd year


"NEEDLEWORK", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1846), 2

"PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1846), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1848), 1

"VESTRY MEEETING of All Saints Church in the Parish of Marsfield, Parramatta", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1854), 5

... The Parishioners deserve much credit for having placed a powerful and splendid toned organ in the church. The value is somewhere about £200; it was opened on Sunday last by a celebrated performer, Mr. C. Packer, who has been appointed organist, to succeed Miss Staff, who resigned on account of ill health.

? "DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1854), 5

Bibliography and resources:


Eliza Staff  


Succeeded as organist (All Saints, Marsfield) by Charles Sandys Packer 



Active Melbourne, VIC, ? c.1860


According to George Lloyd, David Stanhope of Melbourne-otherwise unknown-wrote the music, and James Grassie the English words, of the Indigenous-based song Black-eyed Zitella sat weeping alone; Lloyd gives the words only.


George Thomas Lloyd, Thirty-three years in Tasmania and Victoria (London: Houlston and Wright, 1862), 463

See also Richard Sadlier, The Aborigines of Australia (Sydney: Thomas Richards, government printer, 1883), 44


Vocalist, actor

Born London, England, 13 November 1823
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, April 1858 (from San Francisco)
Departed Sydney, NSW, September 1859 (for Calcutta)
Died London, England, 11 December 1881


"ATLANTIC THEATRICALS", The Argus (7 November 1856), 5

"STAMMERS v. HUGHES and STANLEY", Reports of cases argued and determined in the English courts of common law [1856] (Philadelphia: T. & J. W. Johnson, 1857), 527

"VICTORIA", Launceston Examiner (20 April 1858), 3

"SHIPPING NEWS", The Courier (30 August 1858), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (2 November 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (17 November 1858), 1

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (2 December 1858), 2

"CLEARANCES", Empire (30 September 1859), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1860), 3

"DEATH OF EMMA STANLEY", Launceston Examiner (19 April 1882), 1s

Australian tour prints:

My ain dear Nell (a new Scottish ballad written and composed by A. Hume. "Sung by Miss Emma Stanley & Mrs. Hancock" (Melbourne: McCulloch & Stewart, [1859/60])

Willie, we have missed you ("written and composed by Stephen C. Foster; Favorite ballad, sung by Miss Emma Stanley in her entertainment of the Seven ages of woman") (Melbourne: McCulloch & Stewart, [1859?])

Niminy pym polka. ("composed by J. B. Wheaton; Respectfully dedicated to Miss Emma Stanley") (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1859]) [Wheaton, an American, was Stanley's pianist and conductor on her Australian tour]

Bibliography and resources:

Dictionary of national biography 1885-1900, 19, 271,_Miss_(DNB00)

STANLEY, John George

Amateur musician, violinist, brass band player, drover, memorist

Born UK, c.1834
Active Bathurst, NSW, by c.1853
Died Bathurst, NSW, 22 November 1913, aged 79


"UP AND DOWNS OF LIFE (By J. STANLEY)", National Advocate (14 June 1913), 7 

Sydney entrepreneurs and others give Bathurst a bad name for not appreciating their scraggy Squalini's and raspy-voiced, worn-out tenors when they visit us on a professional tour. No wonder we want something better. We breed tenors and sopranos, and also successful performers on variety and dramatic lines. I have a list of forty-three local people, who are or were connected with the show business. First I will mention Kate Rooney of the glorious voice, almost equal to the renowned Melba, I was one of a seven-pound house to hear Mrs. Armstrong as she was when she paid her first visit to Bathurst. When she came again the house reached £206 with the same voice, but more experience. A few days ago another local star returned from England after a very successful visit. I mean Miss Olive Godwin, born at Bunnamagoo, near Rockley. I knew her father, Charlie Godwin, who was overseer for the late Tom Pye, and reared his family on Campbell's River. She rejoins the Williamson Opera Companies. From Rockley came Tom Bird, circus performer, rider, vaulter, acrobat; every turn he could take on at will ... Tom Bird went into partnership and formed Taylor and Bird's circus. I first knew Taylor in Burton's circus. He was a capital ring-master and ground juggler in every branch. He was a prominent Mason, high up in the fraternity, and the last I heard of him was that he had joined the Salvation Army, and was a consistent and conscientious member of that community. Another celebrity was a man from Rockley, who frequented the Haymarket and Brickfield Hill in Sydney. He had six toes on each foot and always went bare footed. He was the brother of a sporting publican in Bathurst who did very little to help his afflicted relative. Our own George MacDougal had the voice of an angel, alto as well as tenor, and I have heard him sing "Please Give Me a Penny" in C, which I never knew to be done, but by Rockfellow in Hussey's Minstrels; William Morgan, of Kelso, solicitor, had a beautiful tenor voice. Tom Hellyer, several times Mayor of Bathurst, was a fine baritone. Baker, "The Bard of Erin," was unequalled in Tom Moore's songs. Miss Fernandez (stage name), a native of Hill End, or rather Tambaroora, the niece of a well-known Bathurst citizen and official, was equally good with voice or mandolin. Annetta Bodin, singer and dancer, and a great favorite at the Tivoli, was born on the spot where "the Grand bar" now stands at the corner of William and Russell streets; she is now the wife of Frank York, comedian and corner man in minstrel troupes. Wallace, corner man of Clay's and other companies, is a Bathurst native. Tom Fanning, father of Charlie and Maude, a very fine violinist, was located here for years. I played second violin to him at the Governor's ball, held at what is now, the Club-House Hotel. The Wirth boys came from Wattle Flat. Wirth senior, with his boys band, took Busche's bass player from Bathurst and toured Queensland, striking Rockhampton at a land sale; the father, Johannes Wirth, picked up several allotments of land at nominal prices which afterwards were sold for fabulous amounts, and which I presume produced the capital to start Wirths' celebrated circus. The Fitzgerald boys were reared at the White Rock up the river. Dan was a saddler at Paul's. Jack and Tom were compositors at the "Times." The father afterwards kept the hotel now in the hands of Mr. Curran of George street. In Busche's band I was playing E flat trumpet, and one night Johannes Wirth stood behind me and found fault with my music score. I let him alter it and he greatly improved it. He was a slide trombone player and could play a hornpipe on that difficult instrument, and was the best I ever heard except Duprez, a colored player in the real Georgia Minstrels. The three Cooke brothers formed the "Iron Clad" Minstrels. One was a plasterer and lived in William-street below Willman's. The three Chittendens, father and two sons, played in the "Court Minstrels." They lived in Koppel-street and hung the first peal of bells in All Saints'. Whitmore, the solo cornet of the Artillery Band in Sydney, is a Bathurst boy from the corner of George and Howick streets. Dazzy Martin, baritone, is singing around Sydney suburbs. Tom Lunn sings in a North Sydney choir. Charlie Naylor could sing baritone or tenor; Swayne was a fine bass, and we have another still in Kenny. The two Kennas have splendid voices, one still with Williamson's Opera Companies; the other too much engaged in coining money at the Grand to sing now. Miss Polly Kenna was one of the best pianists I have ever heard outside the profession. Then the Buckingham family; playing under various names - one Jimmy Herman as violinist and alto singer, the father as Reeves the 'cellist. I forget the brother's name. A sister, wife of Mr. Baldwin, Hunter River squatter. Jimmy Herman, a very successful teacher of the violin in Sydney, has put his savings into several terraces of houses in good localities. One of the Palmer girls married Ashton of the circus, another married Jimmy Armstrong, circus clown. Their half brothers were John and W. Hurley, both M's.L.A., as I was listening to the German Band in George-St. Sydney, one day, the big drummer came and spoke to me and told me he had been cook at our Court House Hotel for a long time. He was a nephew of Spohr, the celebrated violin player and author of several musical works. The band master, Herr Appell, gave me some very fine dance music. When I saw him last he was playing in an American circus in Bourke-street, near Moore Park, Sydney. Among our ladies, Kate Coffey had a beautiful voice and was a wonder. The Stephens girls and Miss Mason were equal to any Colonial opera singers. Miss Hazeltine, from Mudgee, had a beautiful voice and a very taking style. Miss Martin was a rider in Jones's Circus. Mrs. Franklyn, of Peel-street, was an acrobat in La Rosiere's Circus. Madge Hope, the beautiful and emotional actress, was born in Howick-stret, at the Club House. I think I have said enough to show that from the success of our local talent we are quite capable of judging what is up to the mark or not in the class of performers the Sydney people try to foist on to us.

"Personal", National Advocate (24 November 1913), 2 

Mr. John G. Stanley, an old and respected resident of Bathurst, died on Saturday at the age of 70 years. The deceased had been ailing for some time. An interesting narrative of his career will appear in to-morrow's issue

"LATE MR. STANLEY", National Advocate (25 November 1913), 2 

STANLEY, William (1820-1902)

Go to main entry: 

STAPLETON, Joseph William

Pianoforte Maker, tuner, repairer, regulator

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 27 June 1821 (convict per Lady Ridley, from England 4 January)
Active 1822-27


Found guilty of forgery and sentenced to death on 28 June 1820, aged 23, Stapleton was eventually transported for life in 1821, and awarded a free pardon in 1843. From 1822 until 1827 he advertised regularly in the Hobart press as a piano maker, tuner, and repairer, making him, apart from military bandsmen, one of the very first musical professionals on record working in Tasmania. One of his advertisements was reproduced in the press in 1897, with the explanation: "This advertisement in itself will be an education to those among us who proudly assert there was not a piano in Tasmania 50 years ago":

Music. - J. W. Stapleton, pianoforte maker, grateful for past favours, begs to acquaint the gentry of Tasmania that he still continues to clean, regulate, and repair the grand, square, and cabinet pianofortes at his residence, near the Post-office; and trusts from his experience, both in London and parts, to give that satisfaction which alone will ensure a continuance of their favours. J.W.S. respectfully recommends to the gentry the cleaning and regulating their pianofortes at least every six months, as that tends to improve the sound of the instrument. Violins, etc., repaired.


[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (13 July 1822), 1

[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (30 September 1826), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 September 1827), 1

"GOVERNMENT NOTICE ... Memoranda of Free Pardon", Colonial Times (3 October 1843), 4


Bibliography and resource:

STATES, Agatha (Madame)

Soprano vocalist

Arrived Sydney, 15 December 1871 (per Nevada, from California)
Departed Sydney, October 1872 (for New Zealand)
Died New York, 2 September 1874


"ANOTHER OPERA COMPANY", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1871), 6

"MADAME STATES' FIRST CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1871), 4

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1872), 6

"GENERAL NEWS", Empire (16 October 1874), 3


Toured with Paolo Giorza and Pietro Cecchi

STATHAM, George Alfred (Professor G. Alfred STATHAM)

Pianist, bell-ringer, composer

Active by March 1881
Died Sydney, NSW, 9 September 1886, aged 32 years

1886-09-13: THE funeral of professor G. A. Statham, of the Lynch Family Bellringers, on Saturday afternoon, was numerously attended. On the arrival of the cortege at Rookwood the pall-bearers were Messrs. Harry Lynch, W. W. Lynch, E. C. Crome, and H. E. Barnes, of the Lynch family, and A. E. Eva, the president of the "Imps" Society, an association with which the deceased was largely identified. Those gentlemen carried the remains of their late comrade to his last resting place. The Rev. Mr. Unwin, of St Phillip's, read the service with great effect, and at its conclusion some very beautiful wreaths were placed upon the coffin.

1888-09-06: In the death of Professor G. A. Statham, a few months ago [sic], we lost a grand pianist and a rapid and brilliant composer ...


"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (5 March 1881), 32

"AMUSEMENTS", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (9 May 1885), 8

"The Lynch Family Bellringers", Goulburn Evening Penny Post (3 December 1885), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1886), 1

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1886), 24

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1886), 7

"SYDNEY", Goulburn Herald (14 September 1886), 2

"The Theatres", Australian Town and Country Journal (18 September 1886), 10

"In memoriam", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 September 1887), 1

"SOME AUTOBIOGRAPHIC CHIMES", Melbourne Punch (6 September 1888), 11 

STEELE, Samuel


Active West Maitland, NSW, 1859


"STEELE V. ANDERSON", The Maitland Mercury (22 March 1859), 2

In this action. Samuel Steele was plaintiff, and Joshua Anderson was defendant. The declaration stated that the defendant had falsely and maliciously published against the plaintiff certain words, namely, that he was living in open adultery with another man's wife, and that he was keeping a woman, whereby the plaintiff lost his situation as precentor to the Free Presbyterian Church at West Maitland.


Bass (basso) vocalist (TROVE public tag)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 October 1877), 8

STEFFANI, Raffaele

Violinist, conductor (TROVE public tag)

Husband of Gabriella Boema

STENT, W. J. (Walter Joseph)

Musician, musicseller, banjo player

Born 1859/60
Died Guildford, NSW, 27 July 1930, aged 70


"Madame Summerhayes' Concert", The Cumberland Argus (6 August 1892), 8

"MR. W. J. STENT'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 June 1897), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1930), 8

"MR. W. J. STENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1930), 20

Mr. W. J. Stent, who died at his residence, Guildford, on Sunday evening, aged 70 years, was buried in the Rookwood Church of England Cemetery on Wednesday afternoon. He had been established in business In Sydney, in musical Instruments, from 1886 until five years ago, when ill-health compelled his retirement His first place of business was in Elizabeth street, and later he moved to Hunter-street During those years he was noteworthy for the number of concerts he promoted in Sydney Town Hall, St. James' Hall, and various suburban theatres and halls, in aid of charity.


American Banjo Club, Bessie Campbell


Amateur musician, musical patron

Born St. Kitts, 20 August 1802
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 24 January 1825 (passenger on the Cumberland)
Died Sydney, NSW, 15 October 1894 (NLA persistent identifier)

Alfred Stephen 1839 aet 37 (attributed to Thomas Wainewright) (SL-TAS)


Alfred Stephen 1839 AET 37 Hobart Town Van Dieman's [sic] Land, attributed to Thomas Griffiths Wainewright (DIGITISED)


Musical patron

Died Hobart, TAS, 23 January 1837

STEPHEN, Eleanor Martha Pickard (BEDFORD)

Musical patron, dedicatee

Born 1810

Married Alfred Stephen, Hobart, 21 July 1838

Died Sydney, NSW, 12 July 1886


Stephen returned to England on a visit from mid 1832, in time to witness "Paganini on his unearthly violin", the only time and place he could have done so, clearly not during his student days, though his acquaintance with Robert Lindley's cello playing may well date from the early 1820s. Stephen almost certainly met William Vincent Wallace in Hobart late in 1835, but since he did not move from Hobart to Sydney until after Wallace left Australia in February 1838, the recollections (1872, 1927) of his children learning from Wallace are probably incorrect; rather more likely from Spencer senior (like Alfred Cox) and/or from Spencer junior.

Eleanor Stephen was dedicatee of several musical works, as Mrs Stephen of the last of Francis Ellard's 11 National Country Dances for 1843, and as Lady Stephen, of George Peck and Henry Kendall's song Silent Tears (1859), and Edward Boulanger's Nocturne de Concert (? 1857).


Letter, Charles Darwin (Hobart, 14 February 1836), to Catherine Darwin (from Barlow 1945, 135-36) (modern edition online)

... All on board like this place better than Sydney - the uncultivated parts here have the same aspect as there; but from the climate being damper, the Gardens, full of luxuriant vegetables, & fine corn fields, delightfully resemble England.

To a person not particularly attached to any particular kind, (such as literary, scientific &c.) of society, & bringing out his family, it is a most admirable place of emigration. With care & a very small capital, he is sure soon to gain a competence, & may if he likes, die Wealthy. - No doubt in New S. Wales, a man will sooner be possessed of an income of thousands per annum. But I do not think he would be a gainer in comfort. There is a better class of Society. Here there are no Convicts driving in their carriages, & revelling in Wealth. - Really the system of emigration is excellent for poor Gentlemen. You would be astonished to know what pleasant society there is here. I dined yesterday at the Attorneys General, where, amongst a small party of his most intimate friends, he got up an excellent concert of first rate Italian Music. The house large, beautifully furnished; dinner most elegant, with respectable! (although of course all Convicts) Servants. - A short time before, they gave a fancy Ball, at which 113 people were present. - At another very pleasant house, where I dined, they told me, at their last dancing party, 96 was the number ...


Whilst in Sydney, Wallace gave instruction on the pianoforte, in families of the highest distinction, who were anxious to avail themselves of his talents, amongst them were the ladies of Sir Alfred Stephen's family, Judge Josephson, Lady Mitchell, the sister of Sir William Macarthur, Lady Parker, and many others.

Stephen 1891, quoted in Rutledge ADB

Paganini on his unearthly violin, and Lindley on the violincello, were a delight to me.

"VINCENT WALLACE STATUE. Composer's Adventures. Years in Early Australia", The Argus (24 February 1927), 11

In New South Wales Wallace composed the greater part of Maritana. He was tutor for a time to the families of Sir Alfred Stephen and Judge Josephson.


Nora Barlow (ed.), Charles Darwin and the voyage of the Beagle (London: Pilot Press, 1945), at Darwin online

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Rutledge, "Stephen, Alfred (1802-1894)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1979)

"Stephen, Virginia (1803-1837)", Obituaries Australia 

"Stephen, Lady Eleanor Martha (1810-1886)", Obituaries Australia 


Alfred Stephen, Jottings from memory: first portion, 1802 to 1818, birth and school boy days; with some account of his people, and life in the West Indies; second portion 1818 to 1824: student-days and call to the bar by an Australian great grandfather (Sydney: [for the author], 1888, 1891)


Music class leader

Active Newtown, NSW, 1859


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1859), 10

THE NEWTOWN SINGING CLASS, conducted by Mr. J. H. STEPHENS, meets every TUESDAY, at half-past seven in the evening, at the Baptist Chapel, Missenden Road, Newtown, for the practice of devotional psalmody. Any persons wishing to become members may do so on application to the secretary, EDWARD SANDERS.


Bandsman (Galatea)

Active Australia, 1869


"DESERTERS FROM H.M.S.S. GALATEA", The Cornwall Chronicle (13 March 1869), 2

There have been several desertions, it appears, from H.M.S.S. Galatea. On the 25th and 26th ult., as we learn from the Victoria Police Gazette, there were six deserters [including] Thos. Stephens, bandsman, aged twenty-six, 5ft. 8in. high, black hair, grey eyes.


Choral trainer, leader of the singing (Sydney Congregational Chapel)

Active Sydney, 1851; ? Hobart, 1855


Mr. Stevens, leader of the singing at the Sydney Congregational Chapel in 1851, was also associated with Arthur Gravely, and the "SINGING FOR THE MILLION ... People's Singing Classes for the practice of Devotional Psalmody".


"THE PEOPLE'S SINGING CLASS", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1851), 2

[Letter] "To the Editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1851), 2

"SINGING FOR THE MILLIONS. To the Editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 April 1851), 4s

"SINGING FOR THE MILLIONS. To the Editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1851), 2

"BALMAIN SINGING CLASS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1851), 1

"TASMANIA", The Argus (18 January 1855), 5


Musician, pianist, music teacher, composer, publican

Born Sydney, 31 August 1861
Died London, 1916


Violinist, film actor

Born Sydney, NSW, 1896

Christmas 1879: The usual "Adeste" was sung; but in place of the "Benedictus," a simple, though charming "O Salutaris," composed by John M. Stevens, was very well rendered by Miss J. Goodridge.

1880: JOHN M. STEVENS (late pupil to Mr. Charles Packer), Teacher of Music, Stanley-ter., Harris St., Ultimo.

1916: Word has been received by cable, of the death in London of Mr. John M. Stevens, whose accomplished and handsome daughters were educated at the Parramatta convent. Miss Cecile Stevens, one of the daughters, was a talented violinist, and it was to let her take advantage of a scholarship at the Royal Academy of Music that Mr. Stevens voyaged to London.

1922: Miss Cecile Ann Stevens, one of the cleverest of Australia's younger violin artistes, is returning to America next month after a stay of rather over a year on this side ... Miss Stevens is now going direct to Los Angeles for the preparation of a film entitled, "The Story of an Old Violin," in which she will be the central figure. The violin in question was the property of her father, the late John M. Stevens, of this city, the composer of various songs and a "Requiem," to whom it was bequeathed by a French musician as a genuine "Nicolo Amati" (Cremona, 1596-1684). Miss Stevens took the instrument to the Royal Academy, where it was examined by various connoisseurs with approval, and finally was pronounced genuine by Hill and Sons, of New Bond-street, who declared It worth more than it thousand pounds.


"BIRTHS", Empire (5 September 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1876), 1

[News], The Argus (31 May 1877), 5

"CHURCH OF ST. CHARLES, WAVERLEY", Evening News (9 August 1879), 5

"THE FRANCISCANS AT WAVERLEY", Freeman's Journal (11 October 1879), 15

"Christmas Day", Evening News (26 December 1879), 2

[Advertisement], Evening News (10 January 1880), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1884), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 December 1884), 2

[Advertisement], Evening News (7 January 1885), 4

"Fatality in the Domain. ACCIDENTAL DEATH", Evening News (11 June 1886), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 June 1889), 2

"NEW MUSIC", The Brisbane Courier (23 December 1889), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1891), 1

"Births", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1891), 1

"PERSONAL", The West Australian (5 October 1914), 6

"PERSONAL PARS", The Cumberland Argus (18 November 1916), 12

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1922), 8

"DE LUXE STAR PLAYS FOR RADIO", The Music Trade Review (15 July 1922), 23

Works include:

The Sydney Polka Mazurka (by Master John Stevens) (Sydney, 1876)

The Bulwara Waltzes ("Respectfully dedicated to His Worship, the Mayor of Sydney (John Harris, Esq. M.L.A.) and Mayoress, "Bulwara", Ultimo; as played by the City Band at the Citizens' Complimentary Ball, August 16th, 1883)

The Sir Joseph Banks Polka ("Respectfully dedicated to Mr & Mrs. Frank Smith 'Sir Joseph Banks' [Hotel], Botany") (Sydney: W. Akhurst & Co., [1884])

Good bye (song; words by Phillip D. Lorimer; music by John M. Stevens) ([Sydney]: W. Akhurst, [1889])


Cecile Stevens and her sister Leonetti Stevens starred as themselves in the 1940 US film Broken Strings


Music teacher, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1861, until ? 1868


"Mrs. and Miss Stevenson" ran a girls school in Sydney from 1861, Miss Stevenson also offering private tuition in music. Her Electra galop ("dedicated to the Belles of Sydney"), published by Elvy and Co., in April 1864, was reviewed by the Herald (the advertisement, apparently incorrectly, gives the title as the "Election galop").


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1861), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1864), 6 

"THE ELECTRA GALOP", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1864), 4

? "CLEARANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1868), 4


Teacher of music and languages

Died Moonee Ponds, 11 March 1917


"Crossed the Bar", Weekly Times (17 March 1917), 24

By the death on March 11 of Mrs Sara A. Stevenson, at a private hospital in Moonee Ponds, another old colonist is removed. She was 84 years of age. Mrs Stevenson, who was the relic of Mr William Stevenson, of Clifton House, Kew, and Gippsland, was at one time teacher of music and languages In the family of the late Mr Joseph Chamber lain. She arrived in Melbourne in 185S. Two sons survive her.


Mezzo-soprano vocalist

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1855-57


[Advertisement], The Star (22 September 1855), 1

"THE CONCERTS AT THE JOHN O'GROAT HOTEL", The Star (18 July 1857), 3

"STAR CONCERT HALL", The Star (27 July 1857), 3

STEWART, Eliza (Miss Eliza STEWART)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854; Sydney and Bathurst, NSW, 1856


[Advertisement], The Age (16 December 1854), 1 

ASTLEY'S, SATURDAY. WINTERBOTTOM'S SERIES OF CONCERTS on SATURDAY, December 16th, 1854 ... PROGRAMME ... Song, "Ida", Miss Eliza Stewart - Lindley; Symphony - "Surprise" - Haydn ... Song - "Sweetly o'er my senses stealing", Miss E. Stewart - Zingarelli ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1856), 1 

THE DOMAIN. THIS EVENING, (MONDAY) the 25th instant (by the kind permission of his Excellency the Governor-General) ... the LAST GRAND ENTERTAINMENT in the DOMAIN that can possibly take place ... Among other attractions ... HERR VIET RAHM, the renowned Tyrolean singer, will, in conjunction with Miss ELIZA STEWART, the celebrated vocalist, have the honour of making their first and only appearance ... (In course of the evening the following Vocal Music will be performed.)
Song - Herr Veit Rahm - The Postilion (by desire)
Duet - Herr Veit Rahm and Miss Eliza Stewart - The Nightingale.
Song - Miss E. Stewart - I'm a merry Zingari.
Song - Miss E. Stewart - I'm a winsome wee thing.
Song - Herr Rahm - My Fatherland.
Grand Chorus - Tramp - Sir Henry Bishop.
Grand Chorus - Let us be happy - Balfe.

"FETE IN THE DOMAIN", Empire (26 February 1856), 5 

The grand entertainment, so long advertised, came off in the Domain, last evening, and drew together a large concourse of people. The attendance was as numerous, if not considerably more so, than on any previous occasion, there being about five thousand persons present. Everything was favourable:- the night was beautifully fine, which was a great inducement for the promenade - and the programme promised much; but, as usual, a fatal something unexpectedly interposed to prevent the fulfilment of its promises. There were three bands of music present the Military, the German, and the Hungarian - all of which performed their allotted parts to the entire satisfaction of the vast multitude assembled - judging from the plaudits that followed the conclusion of some of the favourite selections. The vocal performance there was but one - was a decided failure, open air agreeing with neither the ability nor the compass of Herr Veit Rahm, whatever that gentleman's abilities may be otherwise. An apology was made for Miss Eliza Stewart and the "grand chorus of thirty performers," the non-appearance of the former being excused on the plea of illness. There was considerable hubbub created by the announcement of this fact, and in the crush that ensued many persons crowded on one of the platforms erected for the accommodation of the musicians; the interference of the police, however, soon put matters right. The exhibition of fireworks was certainly gorgeous ...

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (8 March 1856), 3 

Royal Victoria Theatre, Saturday, March 8, 1856. Herr Veit Rahm AND Miss Eliza Stewart ... Miss Eliza Stewart, the celebrated Vocalist and Pianist, from the London Concerts and Theatre Royal, Melbourne, and the most powerful company in the colony, at White's, Royal Victoria Theatre, on Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday Evenings ...

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (7 May 1856), 3 

? "PLEASANT CREEK", The Age (10 December 1857), 5 

... Miss Stewart, late of Mr. O'Reilly's company, is now singing at the Royal George Concert Room, and is being well received ...


Veit Rahm

STEWART, Richard (Richard Stewart TOWZEY)

Actor, vocalist, theatrical manager

STEWART, Theodosia (Miss YATES, Mrs. STIRLING; Mrs. GUERIN); Mrs. Richard STEWART)

Vocalist, actor

STEWART, Docy (Theodosia GUERIN)


See Guerin family

STEWART, Nellie (Eleanor STEWART TOWZEY; Eleanor ROW)

Vocalist, actor

Born Woolloomooloo, NSW, 20 November 1858
Died Sydney, NSW, 21 June 1931 (NLA persistent identifier)



Daughter of Theodosia GUERIN


Amateur poet, lyricist, songwriter, lawyer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 31 August 1833 (passenger on the brig Children, from London, 20 April)
Died Hobart, TAS, 20 June 1849, aged 43 years


Stewart and his wife and two children arrived in Sydney in August 1833. Having served as a NSW police magistrate since and chairman of the Court of Quarter Sessions, Stewart had moved to Hobart by early in 1838 where he applied to the Supreme Court for admittance as a barrister.

Robert Stewart wrote the words of at least two songs. An early version of the words of Echo's song first appeared anonymously in The Australian (20 March 1835) and was later set by William Vincent Wallace (1837), and dedicated to Wallace's Hobart "friend" and cousin Maria Logan. Then in 1839, Logan herself set another of Stewart's lyrics, The vow that's breathed in solitude. Her song was published in April, but no copy has been identified.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (2 September 1833), 2 

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (12 September 1833), 2 

[Advertisement], The Australian (4 October 1833), 1 

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 November 1833), 2 

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 November 1834), 2 

The newly appointed third Police Magistrate, Robert Stewart, Esq., took his seat on the Sydney Magisterial Bench on Saturday last. Mr. S. bids fair to prove a valuable acquisition to our Sydney Bench of Justices; and during the severe loss (which we trust will be but temporary) occasioned by Mr. Windeyer's illness, through recent and severe domestic affliction, his accession may be hailed as a public benefit.

[News], The Colonist (2 February 1837), 2

A piece of colonial music was ushered into existence yesterday. It is entitled, Echo's Song - the words by Mr. R. Stewart, and the music by Mr. W. Wallace; it is simple and pretty.

"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (2 February 1837), 2 

We have received from Messrs. Austin and Co., a new musical production called the "Echo Song; the words by George [sic] Stewart, Esq., composed and dedicated to his friend Mrs Logan, of Hobart Town, by William Wallace, late leader of the Anacreontic Society, Dublin." We have not had leisure to look into the merits of the publication - the name of William Wallace, however, is a sufficient recommendation to the musical folks of Sydney.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (3 February 1837), 3 

We have been favoured by the publisher with a copy of a new piece of music, styled "THE ECHO'S SONG - the words by R. Stewart, Esq., the music by Mr. W. Wallace. We shall take an early opportunity of obtaining the opinion of some of our fair friends on its beauties. It is rather out of our line.

"SYDNEY NEWS", The Hobart Town Courier (17 February 1837), 2

Mr. Wallace, and our old townsmen, J. P. Deane, gave a concert on the 2nd instant, which was very numerously attended: the whole of the performances gave the most entire satisfaction. Mr. Wallace, whom many of our readers may recollect, during his short sojourn here; has composed a song, called the "Echo Song," the words by Mr. R. Stewart. The Colonist styles it "simple and pretty."

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (23 February 1838), 1 

NOTICE is hereby given that I, Robert Stewart, late Chairman of the Courts of Quarter Sessions for the Colony of New South Wales, and now residing in Macquarie street, Hobart town, in Van Diemen's Land, Gentleman, one &c, do intend to apply to the Honorable the Supreme Court of Van Diemen's Land, on the last day of the first term in the present year to be admitted a Barrister, Attorney, Solicitor and Proctor of the said Supreme Court Dated this 2nd day of February 1838. Robert Stewart.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (26 April 1839), 2

A song, entitled "The vow that's breathed in solitude" - the words by Mr. Stewart - the music arranged by Mrs. Logan - has been forwarded to us, and, according to our judgment, affords a very creditable specimen of "immortal music married unto verse." This is the first Van Diemen's Land melody it has been our fortune to encounter, and is well worthy of being hailed by all the lovers of song and of Tasmania, with all the gladness and rejoicing of a new birth.

Also: Hobart Town Advertiser (10 May 1839):

We must not pass lightly by the music of Mrs. Logan, a lady who has the merit of being the first musical compositor in the colony.

[Editorial], The Hobart Town Courier (17 April 1840), 4

We are not blessed with hurdy-gurdies or barrel-organs in this hemisphere, but claim some exemption from the tomb of oblivion, in an occasional offering to the muses, which passes through the colony with the swiftness of the Highland fire-brand, visiting the mansion and the cottage, and thereby indicating a taste for the "tender and true". We allude more particularly to The vow that's breathed in solitude

"DIED", Colonial Times (22 June 1849), 2 

DIED, At his residence in Collins-street, on the 20th instant, after a long and painful illness, Robert Stewart, Esq., Barrister at Law, aged 43 years.

Extant lyrics:

"Original Poetry: ECHO'S SONG", The Australian (20 March 1835), 4 

Echo's Song. The Words by Robert Stewart, Esq[ui]re. Composed and dedicated to his friend, Mrs. C. Logan of Hobart Town by Will[ia]m Wallace, Late Leader of "The Anacreontic Society Dublin" (Sydney: Printed by J. G. Austin and Co., [1837]) 

STIER, Charles William Ferdinand (Mr. C. W. F. STIER)

Master of the band of the 11th Regiment, professor of music, composer, first conductor of the Sydney Philharmonic Society

Born Königswinter, Germany, 1 February 1818
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 1845 (with regiment)
Married Margaret Letitia Simpson, Launceston, TAS, 12 July 1857
Departed Sydney, NSW 20 October 1859 (per Dawsonia, for London)
Died King William's Town, East Cape, South Africa, 16 June 1890 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 11th Regiment


Stier presumably arrived first in Sydney and then in Hobart in 1845 with his regiment and band. Two bands, Duly's of the 51st, and Stier's 11th played at the Hobart regatta in December, as the Courier differentiated them: "the fine band of the 51st, and the more novel band of the 11th, with newer music, and a different style of excellence." As a result of disciplinary difficulties with the 99th regiment in NSW, in the News Year the 11th band was back in Sydney, where it played at the public Anniversary dinner in January at the City Theatre. They remained in NSW for the rest of the year, then returned to Tasmania early in 1847.

At Launceston in mid-1848, the press reported:

We understand that a vocal and instrumental concert, will be given by Mr. William Stier, under the patronage of Colonel Bloomfield. The selection of music for the evening, will be from the most eminent English and Continental composers, together with Mr. Stier's own compositions, with which be has delighted the public of Launceston at various times and which have been so highly approved of. Mr. Stier is a native of the kingdom of Hanover, where he finished his musical education under the most eminent composers of the present day.

The programme included the Overture to Euryanthe (Weber) and "Part of the 7th Symphony by Beethoven" (the earliest documented performance of any part of a Beethoven symphony in Australia), as well as an "Overture, by W. Stier" and "Rondeau militaire, by W. Stier".

Stier and the band were back in Sydney, permanently, by 1 November, when they played for the Gautrots' concert (an "Overture, composed by Mr. STEER, bandmaster of H. M. 11th Regiment", again on the program). A few days later, Mrs. W. Stier was reported to have given birth to "a daughter, still-born".

In November 1851, Henry Marsh advertised the impending publication "for the author" of three works by Stier, the Merry Old England Quadrilles ("Arranged, and in part composed, for His Excellency the Governor-General's Costume Ball"; contents: 1 Whilst with village maids I stray; 2 Sweet Anne Page; 3 I've kissed and I've prattled; 4 When the rosy morn appearing; 5 'Twas merry in the hall), actually published by Woolcott and Clarke, and the two others published by Marsh, Fitz Roy schottische ("Composed for the same occasion [the Governor-General's Costume Ball], and dedicated to the Honorable Mrs. Keith Stewart"), and The native flower polka ("Dedicated to the Ladies of New South Wales"). In its report of the costume ball, on 29 October, the Herald noted "the excellence of the orchestral arrangements, which (including the stringed instruments) were carried out, in their usual style, by the band of H.M. 11th Regiment."

In August 1852, Henry Marsh dedicated his topical Nugget schottische (no copy identified) "to his friend C. W. F. Stier".

In January 1853, Stier began advertising "Lessons in Music" (later specifically "on the Pianoforte, Flute, and Violin, also in Harmony and Composition" and as an "importer" of music and instruments) and in April 1854 he was named as "Conductor" of Eugene Paris's newly-formed Sydney Philharmonic Society ("The object of the Society is the practice and cultivation of the most approved vocal and instrumental music, and is based on the principles of the London Philharmonic Society, and other amateur musical societies in England"). At their first concert in December 1854 (at which Miska Hauser and Frederick Ellard appeared), the Empire commented of the band: "it would not be fair to test their performances by the strict rules of criticism. We are, however, convinced that such a body of instrumentalists could not be supplied from the ranks of the profession in Sydney" (presumably here referring to the number of performers).

At the society's concert in 28 August (assisted by Sara Flower, Edward Boulager playing Beethoven's "Pathetique" Sonata, and Henri Herwyn; Catherine Hayes was indisposed), Stier conducted the band in the first two movements of "Haydn's famous Symphony No.8" [No.100] and "Beethoven's magnificent overture to the Men of Prometheus".

Having speculated unwisely in property, Stier was insolvent in mid-1857, though a charge of "fraudulent insolvency" was withdrawn, on the non-appearance of the prosecutor, in November. John Deane, previously leader under Stier, assumed full conductorship of the Philharmonic Society around this time. Stier was advertising again regularly as a teacher by mid 1858. That year, too, at W. H. Paling's concert for the Indian Mutiny Relief Fund in April, there was a "Grand March, by Mr. Stier, late bandmaster of H.M. 11th Regiment", possibly the same work that he published in July as The Warrior's Lament ("March composed for pianoforte by C. W. F. Stier"; no copy identified). According to Bell's Life, "We know not whether it was contemplated by the author to illustrate the mourning of the British soldiery over the scene of the appalling Cawnpore butchery; but if so, the plaintive strains of his composition fully embody the idea."

Stier was naturalised as British subject in 1854, and had resigned his post as bandmaster of the 11th before the regiment left Australia in 1857. In October 1859, however, he and his family also left for England.


"THE REGATTA", The Courier (6 December 1845), 2

"THE ANNIVERSARY DINNER", Morning Chronicle (31 January 1846), 4

"GRAND CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 June 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (15 July 1848), 3

[Advertisement], The Launceston Examiner (15 July 1848), 7

"The Concert on Monday ...", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 July 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1848), 1

"COSTUME BALL AT GOVERNMENT HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1851), 5

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 November 1848), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1851), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (14 January 1853), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (20 April 1854), 1

"CONCERT OF THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Empire (28 December 1854), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (26 May 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1855), 1

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1855), 5

[Advertisement], Empire (29 September 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 November 1856), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (12 January 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (21 February 1857), 1

"INSOLVENT COURT", Empire (21 August 1857), 3

"INSOLVENT COURT", Empire (4 November 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 April 1858), 1

"NEW MUSIC", Bell's Life in Sydney (10 July 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 July 1858), 6

"NATURALIZED ALIENS", Journal of the Legislative Council of New South Wales (5 October 1858), 5 (271)

"DEPARTURES FOR ENGLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1859), 9

"HISTORY OF THE HOBART BANDS", The Mercury (30 August 1917), 2


Soprano vocalist

See Theodosia GUERIN


Amateur musician, hostess

Born Stoke, Guildford, England, 4 September 1807
Arrived Garden Island, Swan River Colony (WA), 31 May 1829 (on the Parmelia, from England 24 January)
Departed WA, 1839
Died Stoke, England, 8 June 1874


Ellen Stirling is reported to have been musical. As wife of the governor, she was hostess of the first ball held in Perth, on 3 September 1831, as described by Hanson 1833 and Moore 1884. Moore also describes later balls (see below).


"COLONEL HANSON'S PAMPHLET", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (19 January 1833), 11 

I attended the second or third market day after my arrival at Perth, and bought fine fresh butter for 4 s. 6d. a pound-potatoes for 9d. and vegetables at the same scale of price. In short during my stay there for two months, I neither heard or dreamt of any want, and I will appeal to those friends who occasionally breakfasted with me, whether I had not on my table as excellent a meal as they would wish to sit down to, I cannot speak of my Dinners, as my friends were too hospitable, ever to permit of my dining at home. Whilst writing on the subject of supplies, I could wish that you had seen an entertainment, given by the Governor, to the Ladies and Gentlemen of the colony. I think you would have acknowledged, that the whole affair would have done credit to any part of the world. We quadrilled and waltzed until midnight, sat down to a sumptuous supper laid out for a hundred and fifty people, returned to the dance, enlivened by Champagne, and separated only, when the rising Sun began to smile upon our Orgies.


Moore 1884

(311) [May-June 1837] There is to be a ball in commemoration of the establishment of the colony on Thursday next, the 1st June; and, in the day time, rustic games, races, soaped tails, &c ... (312) In the evening there was a subscription ball, at which there were 80 people and upwards. (350) [1838] June 3rd. - There was a ball on Friday night in Perth. I was up almost all night, so that accounts for the sleepiness ... (351) There is to be a ball on Monday night given by the naval and military men here - "a United Service ball." I shall have to go down to it, for one has no option in these matters, for fear of giving offence. June 4th - The United Service ball was a splendid one. The rooms were decorated with the ship's flags, which had a fine appearance. The company did not come away till near six o'clock in the morning. (368) [November 1838] The Governor is to give a parting ball at Government House on Thursday night, when I trust it will be cooler weather than it is just now ... On the 20th the Governor and Lady Stirling gave a farewell ball to almost everybody. Dancing was kept up literally till breakfast time next day. (372) [January 1839] There were great doings in Fremantle on Friday - a dejeuner and a ball in honour of Sir James and Lady Stirling.



Arrived Melbourne, 17 July 1860 (per Magdalena, from Hamburg, 10 April)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (19 July 1860), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 February 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (16 January 1863), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 October 1863), 8

[News], The Argus (22 February 1868), 5

"Miss Meta Buring ...", The Register (4 March 1901), 5


Amateur violinist, publican

Arrived Hobart, 22 September 1822 (per Minerva from Leith and Falmouth, 1 May)
Died Bagdad, TAS, 30 April 1848, aged 53


During his family's return to Tasmania in 1844, John Philip Deane gave a concert at a fellow old colonist, Robert Stodart's hotel in Bagdad, when, according to the Colonial Times ""he will be assisted in the instrumental department by Mr. Stodart himself, who plays an admirable violin". In due course, it also reported that the concert "was not only numerously, but most respectably attended. The performance was excellent, and that of Mr. Stodart much admired". I have found nothing to connect this Stodart with the piano maker Robert Stodart of London.


"SHIP NEWS", Hobart Town Gazette (28 September 1822), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 September 1831), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (3 May 1844), 1

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", Colonial Times (7 May 1844), 3

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERTS", Colonial Times (21 May 1844), 3

"OBITUARY", Colonial Times (2 May 1848), 3

"DEATH", The Courier (3 May 1848), 2


Amateur musician, flautist

Active Perth, 1846


[News], The Perth Gazette (18 April 1846), 2

... Mr. Stone made his flute discourse most eloquent music; indeed the portions of music allotted to him were the most strikings and distinguished in the programme of the evening.

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

? "ENTERTAINMENT", The Inquirer (30 August 1871), 3

"AMATEUR ENTERTAINMENT", The Inquirer (14 February 1877), 3

STONEY, Henry Butler

Amateur musician, composer, musical editor, author, army officer (captain, 99th Regiment)

Born County Mayo, Ireland, 1816
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 18 June 1853 (per Senator from London, 2 February)
Departed Hobart, TAS, 20 February 1856 (per Indian Queen, for England)
Died Kawakawa, New Zealand, 5 July 1894, aged 78 (NLA persistent identifier)


Stoney, a career army officer in the 40th Regiment, came to Australia to join the 99th Regiment in Tasmania in 1853 as its paymaster (see his NZ obituary for details of his career before and after Australia). In April 1854, he floated a scheme to induce members of the regiment to settle in a proposed new township, Wivenhoe, on the Emu River. Later that year he printed his book A year in Tasmania (reissued in England as A residence in Tasmania), which includes comments on local musicians and music making (162-64).

Stoney also edited two anthologies of locally composed music, The Delacourt bouquet, published in Hobart in November 1854, and The Tasmanian lyre, announced at the same time though not released until March 1855. Represented composed include bandsmen of the 99th, bandmaster Robert Martin, Arthur Hill, and William Cleary, as well as Stoney himself. Stoney's The wanderer polka and The wanderer's return polka appear in the first collection, and his La Speranza waltz in the second.

He sailed in February 1856 for England, where he published his book Victoria: with a description of its principal cities, Melbourne and Geelong based on a tour there in 1855 to visit his own 40th Regiment (in which Stoney included three musical reviews from the press as an appendix).

Stoney returned to Australia and the 40th Regiment in 1857 in Melbourne, and then, in 1860, moving to New Zealand, where he stayed on and settled. There in 1861 he published what is described as the first New Zealand novel, Taranaki: a tale of the war.

Tony Marshall adds (email to GS June 2013):

[Stoney] served for the greater part of his military career in the 19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding) Regiment of Foot, from 1837 until 1852. He was then placed on the unattached list for a time, until his appointment on 12 October 1852 as Paymaster of the 99th (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot, and it was this that brought him to Tasmania (arriving in June 1853). The 99th served in Victoria in January-March 1855 (relieving the 40th, which had been involved in the Eureka uprising) and then returned to Tasmania. In February 1856 Stoney returned with the Regiment to the UK, and effective from August 1856 was appointed Paymaster of the 40th, which was still in Victoria. He joined the Regiment in Melbourne in March 1857, and went with it to New Zealand in July 1860. He retired from the army in August 1864. His life in New Zealand thereafter is full of interest but, sadly, with no musical content that I have yet found. You might like to note that in 1857, in Melbourne, Stoney published a novel, Reginald Mortimer (or, 'Truth more strange than fiction': a tale of a soldier's life and adventure). He was also the treasurer of several organisations including an amateur theatrical group, the Histrionic Society, and appeared on stage once (Advertisement for amateur performance in aid of the Orphan Asylums, at the Theatre Royal. Band of the 40th regiment to play; HBS performing as "Charles Clinton" in the drama Time tries all and as "Freeman" in the farce High life below stairs: [Advertisement], The Argus (17 September 1857), 8:


"99TH REGIMENT", The Courier (22 December 1852), 3

"ARRIVALS", The Courier (18 June 1853), 2

"MILITARY SETTLERS", The Courier (13 April 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

"THE DELACOURT BOUQUET", The Courier (14 November 1854), 2

"DEPARTURES", Launceston Examiner (21 February 1856), 2

"OBITUARY", Auckland Star (12 July 1894), 7

Bibliography and resources:



Active Sydney, NSW, c. early 1830s
Died Sydney, NSW, 30 December 1852


"CORONER'S INQUESTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1853), 4

STRAHAN, Edward Alfred

Organist and Professor of Music, piano tuner and repairer

Arrived Brisbane, August 1863 (from France)
Died before 1917


Musician, vocalist, organist

Born Birkenhead, England, 18 September 1845 (daughter of Silvester Diggles, second wife of Strahan)
Arrived Brisbane, November 1853
Died Kangaroo Point, QLD, 10 March 1917


[Advertisement], The Courier (19 November 1863), 3

[Advertisement], The North Australian (18 August 1864), 1

EDWARD ALFRED STRAHAN, late Organist of the Cathedral St. Pol de Leon, France, Professor of Music, Singing, and French to Mrs. Jephson's Seminary, and French Master to the Ipswich Grammar School. Residence, North Ipswich.

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (4 February 1865), 1

"IPSWICH", The Brisbane Courier (23 March 1866), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 January 1867), 1

"MR. ATKINSON'S CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (30 August 1867), 2

"MR. STRAHAN'S Concert", The Brisbane Courier (15 September 1869), 2

"RESERVED SEATS. TO THE EDITOR", The Brisbane Courier (16 September 1869), 3

"DEATHS", The Brisbane Courier (28 December 1871), 2

"DEATH", The Brisbane Courier (14 April 1875), 2

"A SACRED CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (26 April 1902), 7

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Queenslander (7 August 1909), 35

"THE LATE MRS. STRAHAN", The Brisbane Courier (21 March 1917), 11


Bandsman (Heydecke's Band)

Active Adelaide, by 1862
Died North Adelaide, 3 May 1902, in his 74th year

STRATTON, William Henry (junior)

Bandsman, kettle-drum player

Died 1930, aged 79

1863: A meeting of the Adelaide Regimental Band Committee was held at the Staff Office on Wednesday, December 2. ... A letter was received from Mr. W. Stratton, intimating that the members of the band of the First Adelaide Rifles were willing to enrol themselves as a regimental band on the following terms, namely, to attend, 20 drills- that is, 18 regimental drills and two reviews- gratis in one year. Also that they were willing to play in the Botanic Garden, Government Domain, or any other place they might be requested within the city after 4 o'clock p.m. for the sum of 5s. each; and also that, in addition to the instruments already belonging to the company, the band would require the regiment to provide one contra-basso saxhorn.

Obituary (1930): As a member of a military band the late Mr. Stratton played the kettle drum.


"GAWLER TOWN RURAL FETE AND PIC-NIC", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (8 November 1862), 1s

"ADELAIDE REGIMENTAL BAND", South Australian Register (3 December 1863), 3

"THE REVIEW", South Australian Register (25 May 1864), 2

"THE VOLUNTEER FORCE", South Australian Register (10 July 1866), 3

"BANDMASTER THEODORE W. HEYDECKE", The Register (8 July 1922), 12

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (23 April 1870), 2

"OBITUARY", The Advertiser (5 May 1902), 4

"DEATHS", The Register (6 May 1902), 4

"OBITUARY", Chronicle (10 May 1902), 35

"LODGE VETERAN DIES", News (9 January 1930), 11



Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1888
Died Altadena, Colorado, USA, 20 November 1899

Sydney 1888: The orchestra includes well-known names- Messrs. Poussard, Herman, Newton, Taylor, Sebastian Hodge, Lombe, Fischer, and Mr. Edgar Straus, who will lead the 'cellos. Mr. Straus appeared at the Metropolitan Liedertafel concert last week, and is an American artist of good repute.

Obituary (Sydney 1900): Intelligence of the death of Mr. Edgar Straus, the well-known 'cellist, has been received in Sydney by Dr. A. Philip from a sister of the dead artist. The late Mr. Straus took his departure for the United States but a few months ago, for he thought a visit to his native land would pull him together. His medical adviser (Dr. Philip) did not oppose the journey, although he knew that Straus's case was well-nigh hopeless. He died quite peacefully of pulmonary complaint at Altadena, Colorado, USA, on November 20. As 'cellist, the late Mr. Straus had no superior in the colonies. He was a great favorite, and prior to his departure was presented with an illuminated address, signed by nearly all the musicians in Sydney and many others.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1888), 2

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1888), 13

"SYDNEY QUINTET SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1895), 12

"THE EDGAR STRAUS BENEFIT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 May 1898), 8

"MR. EDGAR STRAUS", Evening News (2 July 1898), 3

"NEWS OF THE WEEK. TOWN", Australian Town and Country Journal (6 January 1900), 11

"In Memoriam", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1900), 1


Violinist (pupil of Ernst)

Born c. 1824
Reported dead, England, 1865
Died ? San Francisco, USA, ? after 1900 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Dancer (? vocalist)

Born Paris, France, c. 1827/28
Died San Francisco, USA, 9 January 1900, aged 73 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 12 February 1853 (per Victoria, from Mauritius)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, February 1864 (per Red Rover, for London)


On arrival in Adelaide from Mauritius with his wife, a ballet dancer, in February 1853, Strebinger "violinist, from the principal Opera Houses of Paris and Vienna" (possibly related, therefore, to the Vienna-based violinist Matthias Strebinger) advertised his intention to give a concert, at which he was assisted by the Madame Cranz and Carl Linger. He was to return the favour and appear for Cranz in April, but left for Melbourne. There he first appeared in Fischer's orchestra for the Melbourne Philharmonic Society on 27 April, and in August gave a concert in which his wife was reportedly to appear as a vocalist.

They then moved on to Sydney, where in September, Madame Strebinger "celebrated Danseuse, from the Italian Opera, London, Paris, Madrid" appeared at the Royal Victoria Theatre. The couple appeared regularly and toured widely during the next decade, Frederick making a last notorious appearance in the Melbourne press, nine months after his final departure, as accused co-respondent in a divorce case: "The identification of the co-respondent was clear at the time, but it was rendered more clear by his leaving behind him his hat and violin".

He was in London in October 1865. While engaged in a theatre orchestra in Birmingham in April 1865, Strebinger reportedly went missing, and soon after reports circulated that he had died. Rather, he appears to have sailed for America, and in 1870-71 was working as a conductor in New York's Olympic Theatre.

My thanks to Kurt Ganzl (2017) for sharing his reserach findings


Bolton's Mauritius almanac and official directory (Mauritius: Mauritian Printing Establishment, 1852), 243

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (14 February 1853), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 February 1853), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 February 1853), 2

"M. STREBINGER'S CONCERT", Adelaide Morning Chronicle (4 March 1853), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (12 April 1853), 2

"MELBOURNE SHIPPING ARRIVALS", Empire (18 April 1853), 2

"MUSICAL", The Argus (23 August 1853), 5

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (26 September 1853), 2

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Hobarton Mercury (3 January 1855), 3

[Advertisement], Morning Advertiser (15 October 1864), 1

PROMENADE CONCERTS. THE STRAND MUSICK HALL WILL OPEN on MONDAY, October, 17, with a Company composed the following eminent Artistes ... ORCHESTRA. First Violin, Principal, Herr Strebinger ....

[Advertisement], The Musical World (15 October 1864), 656

"LAW REPORT", The Argus (15 December 1864), 5

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE ... To the EDITOR", Birmingham Daily Post (19 April 1865), 4

Sir, Can you afford a small space your valuable columns, to offer a trifling explanation that I consider due both the Birmingham public and myself? I had entrusted the leadership the orchestra, in connection with my Opera Company now performing at the Prince of Wales Theatre, to a Mr. Strebinger, whose name was duly announced in the prospectus. From some still unexplained cause, that gentleman has never made his appearance ... Apologising for this intrusion, I am, sir, very obediently, J. RUSSELL ...

"MELBOURNE NEWS (Herald)", Bendigo Advertiser (18 September 1865), 2s

We understand, from private sources, that Herr Strebinger, who was so well known in Melbourne some years ago as a violinist and orchestral conductor, expired in London in June last.

"DIED", The San Francisco Call (11 January 1900), 11 

Bibliography and resources:

François-Joseph Fétis, Biographie universelle des musiciens et bibliographie générale (Paris: Firmin Didot, 1870), 457

"Mon. F. Strebinger", Internet Broadway Database 



Born ? England, c.1821
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by August 1840
Died Fish River, NSW, 8 April 1854, aged 33 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Eliza Strickland was recently arrived in Sydney in August 1840. She was variously advertised on arrival as a pupil Royal Academy of Music, a pupil of "T. Welch" [Thomas Welsh (c.1780-1848)] and Signior Lanza" [sic] [Gesualdo Lanza (1779-1859)]. She sang for the Cecilian Society and in concerts, and in November 1840 was engaged to appear on stage at the Royal Victoria Theatre. and until her marriage in December 1841.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (24 August 1840), 3

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Colonist (3 October 1840), 3

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (8 October 1840), 2

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (12 November 1840), 2

"CECILIAN SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (5 December 1840) 2

"THE THEATRE" & "CECILIAN SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (5 December 1840), 2

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (10 December 1840), 3

"MARRIED", The Sydney Herald (7 December 1841), 3

"MISS STRICKLAND", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 December 1841), 2

'DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 April 1854), 8

STRONG, Georg (senior)

Musician (theatre orchestra)

STRONG, Georg (junior)

Violinist, composer


Amateur vocalist, pianist

Go to main page George Strong and family: 

STUBBS, Thomas

Professor of music, flautist, composer, cricketer, "currency lad", auctioneer

Born NSW, 1802; died VIC, 1878

Go to main page Thomas Stubbs and his descendents: 


Professor of the Concertina, Singing, and Pianoforte

Active Melbourne, November 1852


"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (11 November 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 November 1852), 7

STUTTAFORD, Charlotte (Madame STURRAFORD; Charlotte Mary Anne PRINGLE)

Mezzo-soprano vocalist, song composer, teacher of singing

Born Scotland, 16 May 1829
Arrived Melbourne, by January 1861
Departed Melbourne, after July 1866
Died Toronto, Canada, 1 June 1901


Newly arrived in the colony, she made "her first appearance in Australia" for (? her brother) George Pringle, at his concert in Melbourne in February 1861. She also advertised as a teacher of singing ("pupil of Signor Lablache, late of Exeter Hall, St. Martin's Hall, and Surrey Music Hall, London". Her song The Myrtle (words: G. Isaacs) was published in Melbourne in 1865 (NO COPY IDENTIFIED). According to the Argus: "Madame Stuttaford has just set a pleasing song ... to music, which will not do discredit to our rising school of Australian composers". Her last advertised Australian performance was as Inez in L'Africaine for Lyster's opera company in July 1866. A family history at identified her as Charlotte Mary Anne Pringle, b. 16 May 1829; she had moved to Ontario, Canada, by 1871, and d. Toronto, 1 June 1901.


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (28 February 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 March 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (13 July 1865), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 July 1866), 8

Bibliography and resources:



Active Sydney, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3


French horn player (Band of the 12th Regiment)

See also Band of the 12th Regiment


Side drum player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1859


[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

SULLIVAN, Charles J.

Professor of music

Died Melbourne, VIC, May 1869


"Funeral Notices", The Argus (18 May 1869), 8


Musician, bandsman, private, Band of the 50th Regiment

Active Sydney, NSW, 1838

See also Band of the 50th Regiment


"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (1 June 1838), 3 

A private of the band of the 50th Regt. named Dennis Sullivan, was summoned to the Police Office, yesterday (Thursday), to answer to a charge preferred against him of having used threatening language to Mr. Holmes, of George-street. Sullivan had been repeatedly detected by Mr. H. decoying his female assigned servant from the house; for which Mr. H. had complained to the Adjutant twice; he obtained no redress, but was maerely told if the man again offended he should be handed over to the Civil Power ....


Bandsman, band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active Sydney, 1823-27 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695



Active Sydney, NSW, by mid 1879
Died Melbourne, VIC, 13 August 1929


"SYDNEY INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1879), 3

"THE MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1879), 2

"MADAME CECILIA SUMMERHAYES", The Argus (24 October 1922), 11

"MISS SUMMERHAYES", Cairns Post (28 July 1928), 4

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (13 August 1931), 1





Active Sydney, by 1887


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 August 1887), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1887), 2



Died Norwood, SA, 12 February 1890, aged 36 (formerly of Kensington, London)


"NORWOOD TOWN HALL", South Australian Register (15 May 1884), 3

"FUNERAL OF MR. C. W. SUMMERHAYES", South Australian Register (15 February 1890), 5

"DEATHS", South Australian Chronicle (15 February 1890), 4

"The Week", South Australian Chronicle (22 February 1890), 11

Mr. C. W. Summerhayes, who was well known in musical circles, died at his residence at Norwood on the 12th inst., aged 36. The deceased gentleman had been ill for a consider able time and unable to attend to the duties of his profession. He was for many years a teacher of music, being regarded as an excellent instructor, and held the position of organist at St. Francis Xavier's Cathedral.


Composer, organist, music educator

Born Charlton Mackrell, Somerset, England, 1839
Arrived Melbourne, 29 December 1865 (per Royal Standard, from Liverpool, 22 October)
Died Perth, WA, 10 October 1917 (NLA persistent identifier)




Summers was a chorister at Wells Cathedral, studied under Gauntlett and Sterndale Bennett, read music at Oxford around 1863, and held organist posts. He married Constance (also Summers) in 1863, and late in 1865 they arrived in Victoria, where brother sculptor Charles Summers had been since 1854. On the voyage out passengers mounted a production of Macbeth for which the "musical business was under the superintendence of Mr. Joseph Summers, bachelor of music". In August 1867 Summers, Julius Siede, and St.John Caws were deputed by the Victorian Musical Association to make musical arrangements for the reception of the Duke of Edinburgh. One result was his Galatea Secunda ("new cantata expressly composed; words R. H. Horne), in September 1867 (a year earlier Summers had set Horne's Threnodia O cruel sea! whose wild embrace); another, in May 1868, his New Ode ("Bearing on the subject of the Attempted Assassination of Prince Alfred") (libretto: Rev. Dr. Bromby) (1 Address to the Deity; 2 Assassination Scene; 3 Jubilation; 4 Australia's Prayer). Summers was organist of St. Peter's, Eastern Hill (1868-79) and All Saints, St Kilda (until 1896). From 1867, he was an examiner and later "state inspector of singing" for the Education Board. Court proceedings against Summers in 1871 for conspiracy to defraud a mining company forced him into insolvency in 1872. In August 1874 Summers and Henry Hughes gave interesting specialist evidence for defence in libel case brought against the Herald for an anonymous critique (actually by Marcus Clarke) of a "mutilated" local production of Offenbach's Princess of Trebizonde. The fact that his Victorian National Anthem, to words by Gordon McCrae (1879), was being taught in schools drew a criticism of its quality in January 1880. In 1890 he was awarded a doctorate of music by the archbishop of Canterbury. In May 1891 he was before the courts again for irregularities in his mining dealings, was insolvent again in October, and after a government inquiry into claims of misappropriation was forced to relinquish his departmental post.  In 1893 he sued the Age over a satirical review of a performance he conducted of Haydn's Creation. In March 1897 he moved to Perth, WA, where he continued to compose, teach, conduct and court controversy, not least litigation over his collaboration on a dramatised Milton oratorio The Two Worlds (1900). Among his late minor works were a "new Australian National Anthem", King Jarrah (1913), and An Australian Madrigal (1914).

Obituary: A remarkable and notable character passed out last week when Musical Dr. Summers smote his last chord. The doctor died at a very advanced, age. and though a marvellously brilliant theorist has left little in the way of haunting melody and majestic measure that will recall his venerable personality. As a master of the technical side of the divine art, Dr. Summers was unapproached in this State, albeit his best work was done long before he came West. lt is a long time ago since the present writer, then a small knickerbockered boy at Oldham's State school, South Melbourne, studied, or tried to study, amid pellets of chewed blotting-paper and vocal fireworks, the blackboard crotchets and quavers of the now late-lamented maestro, and it is also a long time since he next met him, when he (Dr. S.), with Father Duff and the local girl-composer, Flora Murchison, was in the throes of evolving The Two Worlds. More anon of dear old Dr. Summers, a kindly old soul gone whom it is hoped the harps won't twang out of tune and worry his sensitive spook.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (30 December 1865), 4

"THE BROOKE MEMORIAL FUND", Launceston Examiner (12 May 1866), 2

[News], The Argus (5 October 1866), 4

[News], The Argus (8 August 1867), 4

[News], The Argus (20 September 1867), 5

"GALATEA SECUNDA", The Argus (4 October 1867), 5

"MR. SUMMERS'S NEW ODE", The Argus (25 May 1868), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 May 1868), 8

"THE ALFRED MEMORIAL CONCERT", The Argus (26 May 1868), 5

"CONSPIRACY TO DEFRAUD", The Argus (18 March 1871), 6

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (11 July 1872), 5

"THEATRICAL CRITICISM", The Argus (22 August 1874), 10



"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (31 December 1885), 6

"MUSICAL NOTES", The Argus (3 May 1890), 4

"LEGAL NOTES", The Argus (15 May 1891), 6

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Argus (6 October 1891), 6


"A MUSICAL LIBEL ACTION", The Argus (15 July 1893), 15

"NEWS IN BRIEF", The Daily News (15 March 1897), 2

"THE TWO WORLDS", Western Mail (2 June 1900), 58

"AN AUSTRALIAN MUSICIAN'S MEMORIES", The West Australian (9 July 1910), 12

"IS IT A GENUINE RUBENS?", The Advertiser (20 June 1913), 9

"KING JARRAH. A NEW ODE", The Daily News (10 October 1913), 6

"ANOTHER", The Daily News (13 March 1914), 7

"PEEPS AT PEOPLE", Sunday Times (14 October 1917), 13

"DEATHS", The Argus (23 October 1917), 1

Selected musical and literary works:

Weep not (sacred song; words: Eliza Postle; in memory of the son of Rev. A Cairns, Melbourne, 1866) [Postle entered "music" to the Victorian committee for the 1866 Intercolonial & Paris Exhibitions, see The Argus (21 August 1866), 5:]

Galatea Secunda (an odaic cantata addressed to H.R.H. Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, on his first arrival in the colony of Victoria; written by Richard Hengist Horne; the music composed by J. Summers) (Words only; Melbourne: Printed for private circulation, 1867)

Maker of earth and sea ("an Australian national anthem (from the centennial)") (Melbourne: Allan & Co.)

An Australian Christmas Carol (Perth: S.T. Upham, [1908])

Music and musicians: personal reminiscences, 1865-1910 (Perth: Galwey Printing Company, 1910)

Bibliography and resources:

Robin S. Stevens, Summers, Joseph (1839-1917), Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)



Active Adelaide, by 1850

SUMSION, William


Active Adelaide by 1861 or 1862


A Wm. Sumsion arrived in Adelaide from Britain in 1852; a William Sumsion was first positively listed as a clarinettist in 1862. Whether or not that William Sumsion was the same person as the oboist listed in 1850 is unclear. Possibly there were two different musicians.

Documentation: [Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 April 1852), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (4 October 1854), 1

"NORWOOD PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The South Australian Advertiser (22 October 1861), 3

"GAWLER TOWN RURAL FETE AND PIC-NIC", The South Australian Advertiser (7 November 1862), 3

"OPENING OF PARLIAMENT", South Australian Register (28 May 1864), 2

SÜSSMILCH, Bernhardt (Christian Bernhardt SUSSMILCH)

Tenor vocalist, conductor

Active Sydney, by 1859
Died Sydney, 8 January 1905, aged 75



Active Sydney, by 1892
Died Burwood, Sydney, 16 February 1932


[Advertisement], Empire (5 July 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1862), 1

"DR. CHAS. HORN'S AND MR. M. H. WILSON'S CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (7 October 1865), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 February 1869), 1

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1905), 12

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 January 1905), 6

"AUSTRALIANS IN ENGLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 January 1905), 5

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1910), 8

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1932), 10 

SUTCH, George (senior)

Musician (The European Band), harpist

Died Fitzroy, VIC, 16 November 1892, aged 62

SUTCH, George (junior)







It would perhaps appear that George Sutch senior arrived in Sydney in 1857 as a band musician on board the steamship European. From an address near Wynyard-square, in 1858 and 1859 he acted as agent for local offshoots of the ships' bands, the European Band proper (under leader G. Arnold) and a sub-group called the London Quadrille Band (leader G. King). In June 1862, Sutch was manager of the Prince of Wales Dancing Academy, with John Gibbs as leader of the band. Jacob Clarke published what appears to be a local production, the ballad Norah McShane "arranged by W. D. Sutch" with an accompaniment equally suitable for pianoforte or harp. Perhaps having returned to England in the interim, George senior, as a harpist, and George junior, as violinist, were active in Canterbury, New Zealand, in 1870, in Tasmania in 1871, and later in Melbourne. George junior was still active as leader of the orchestra at the King's Theatre, Melbourne, in April 1911, and a W. G. Sutch was a Melbourne violinist in 1915 and later.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1858), 1

[Advertisement,] The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1859), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (7 June 1862), 1

[Advertisement], Star (7 October 1870), 3

"CONCERT IN THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Launceston Examiner (28 November 1871), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (16 December 1871), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 April 1878), 12

"Deaths", The Argus (18 November 1892), 1

[Advertisement], Fitzroy City Press (28 April 1911), 2

[Advertisement], The Essendon Gazette (11 February 1915), 2



Active Melbourne, 1859

Work: Aurora Australis Polka (Melbourne, Edward Arnold, [1859])


[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1859), 2s

[News], The Argus (21 November 1859), 4


Musician, clarinet player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1841


"THE EMIGRANT'S ANNUAL BALL", Australasian Chronicle (7 January 1841), 2 

On Friday night last, the fifth anniversary of this festival took place at Mr. Clarke's dancing academy, King-street, and went off in a style that reflected much credit upon the stewards. About eight o'clock the musicians occupied the tastefully decorated orchestra ... About half-past nine the ball was commenced with a country dance, led off by one of the stewards, which was admirably gone through, and followed by the first set of quadrilles; the next was a Spanish waltz, which was pretty fairly gone through; then came the lanciers and were well danced; but in the triumph, country dance, which followed, I assert that nothing I have seen for years could excel the precision, which appeared to be in a great degree attributable to the just and well arranged music of the leader, Mr. Cornish, supported by Mr. Sutton on the clarionet, with which the other instruments formed a band of nine ... - Correspondent.

SUTTON, Richard Henry


Born 1830
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1861
Died Ballarat, VIC, 1876


[Advertisement], The Star (29 May 1857), 1s

[Advertisement], The Star (29 October 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Star (23 September 1862), 3

Ballarat and Ballarat District Directory (1865), 113, 183

[Advertisement of probate], The Argus (4 October 1876), 3

"BALLARAT", The Argus (13 May 1893), 10

"BALLARAT", The Argus (12 March 1894), 6

"OLD ESTABLISHED MUSIC FIRM", The Argus (23 October 1936), 17

The history of Suttons Pty. Ltd., the music warehouse, goes back many, many years before the firm observed, about 30 years ago, the rapid advance of the town of Geelong, and decided to establish itself there. Suttons, in fact, dates from about 1853 when Mr. Richard Henry Sutton arrived in Melbourne with his young wife and daughter from England. Since that time Suttons has been associated with the sale of music and musical instruments on the goldfields at Ballarat, and afterwards in the rising town of Ballarat, at several familiar places in the city of Melbourne and at Geelong. Indeed, the history of the firm is the history of music, musical Instruments, and musical fashions in the last 70 or 80 years.

"GENERAL SUMMARY", Camperdown Chronicle (30 July 1912), 4

Bibliography and resources:

George Sutton, R. H. Sutton, 1854-1954 ([Melbourne: Suttons, 1954)

Richard Henry Sutton, Esq. 1830-1876, an abridged history of the earlier activities of the Sutton family, compiled by George Sutton from notes and information supplied by the late Mrs. Walter Sutton and the late Alfred Sutton, Esq.


Professor of the Pianoforte, Solfeggio, English and Italian Operatic Singing, &c

Arrived Sydney, NSW, ? May 1851


Swain came to Sydney "from London, via New York". Early in May 1851, he offered his services as a music teacher, but later in the month added that he:

... respectfully offers his services as an experienced Tunist, &c.; he will tune square pianos for four shillings, cabinet for four and sixpence, and grand for five shillings.

In June, Arthur Graveley advertised:

SINGING FOR THE MILLION. MR. STEVENS having resigned his connexion with the People's Singing Classes for the practice of Devotional Psalmody, the Committee beg to announce the Mr. Swain, late of the Chapel Royal, Windsor, a gentleman just arrived in the colony, has accepted the professorship, and will meet the classes ...

However, Swain was in Hobart by November. According to his advertisements, he was "formerly a member of the Chapel Royal, and has followed the profession upwards of eighteen years. The following testimonials are by Judge Thornton, of Supreme Court of Alabama; Mr. Mitchell, Lay-Vicar of Windsor, and Organist of Eton;  and Mr. M'Gwinn, Recorder of San Francisco." He was in New Zealand early in 1853.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 May 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 May 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 June 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1851), 1

[Advertisement]: "SINGING", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (29 November 1851), 1

[Advertisement]: "MUSIC. MR SWAIN", Colonial Times (2 December 1851), 4

? "Shipping Intelligence", Colonial Times (10 February 1852), 2

"CONCERT", The Southern Cross (7 January 1853), 2

SWAN, John

Amateur vocalist (merchant, storekeeper)

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1826 (Hobart Town Concert)
Died Hobart, TAS, 30 April 1858, aged 62


Swan, a Hobart tradesman and storekeeper, was elected along with John Philip Deane to a Hobart Elizabeth-street neighbourhood watch committee in September 1825. A year later he made hi single documented appearance for Deane, in Hobart's first public concert.


[Advertisement], Hobart Town Gazette (3 September 1825), 1

"CRIMINAL COURT", Hobart Town Gazette (21 October 1826), 4

"Hobart Town Concert", Colonial Times (29 September 1826), 3

... Messrs. Deane, Swan, and Langford sung the Glees - "Glorious Apollo," "Fair Flora," and "The Witches." Mr. Swan sung "The Sun that Lights the Roses," and "The dearest Maid," the latter in a most masterly style. The Songs, "Death of Nelson" and "In this Cottage," were sung by Mr. Widowson; "The Wolf" by Mr. Deane; the Glee "Here in cool Grot" by Messrs. Smith, Deane, and Swan.

"HOBART TOWN CONCERTS", Hobart Town Gazette (7 October 1826), 4

"BIRTHS", Colonial Times (6 August 1830), 2

"DEATHS", The Courier (30 April 1858), 2

"THE LATE MR. JOHN SWAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 May 1858), 2

Mr. Swan was a worthy representative of that type of emigrants of whom Mr. [Henry] Hopkins is the head. He has been the architect of his own fortunes, and goes down to his grave at a ripe age, sincerely lamented by his numerous relatives and friends, and held in just and deserved esteem by a large portion of his fellow-colonists.

"THE FIRST CONCERT IN HOBART", The Mercury (11 October 1883), 2s 

SWANNELL, Louisa (Miss Louisa SWANNELL)

Soprano vocalist ("The Australian Nightingale")

Born Radwell, Bedfordshire, England, c. 1838
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, October 1853 (per Royal Stuart, from Southampton)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1855-58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

SWANNELL, Miss (? Mary)



According to the 1851 census, Lousia was born at Radwell, Bedfordshire, c.1838. She was 15 years old on arrival in Melbourne, in 1853, with her widowed mother Sarah (47), and sisters Mary (23), Sarah (20), and Julia (13). According to the notice of her sister's wedding in Collingwood in January 1858, Sarah was "second daughter of the late George Swannell, Esq., of Moor End House, Hadwell, Bedfordshire. Their mother Sarah died in Melbourne on 7 March 1859, and the youngest sister, Julia, married in October that year. Louisa is last reported singing in public for a charity event in July 1858, and her mother's death may plausibly have signalled the end of her performing career. A "Miss Swannell" donated "music" (presumably sheet music) to a charitable fund raising drive in December 1862.


"THEATRE ROYAL, BOURKE STREET", The Age (16 January 1855), 5 

On Saturday evening last a grand concert was given at this place of amusement, which was attended by a very respectable audience, the large concert room being filled to overflowing with numerous occupants; the band of the 12th regt. were present on the occasion, conducted by Mr. Callen, who performed their part with great merit. Mrs. Hancock, also, with her soft sweet voice, contributed, as usual, no inconsiderable amount of gratification, being repeatedly and deservedly encored, as was another lady, we believe a stranger amongst us, in the person of Miss Swannell, who possesses a fine full voice, and performed her part admirably, considering it was her first appearance. Mons. Coulon continues to maintain his usual popularity; he sang some of his pieces in character ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1855), 8

"BENDIGO", The Argus (2 April 1855), 5 

PUBLIC AMUSEMENTS ... Tonight Miss Louisa Swannell, a lady who has been very favorably mentioned in the Melbourne papers, gives a concert in the Exhibition Building, in conjunction with Mr. Barlow. She will be assisted by her sister, Miss Swannell, on the pianoforte, and by Miss Byrne, a vocalist of considerable excellence.

"CONCERT HALL", The Argus (15 May 1855), 5

"MISKA HAUSER", The Argus (1 June 1855), 5

"DIARY OF OUR MELBOURNE CORRESPONDENT", The Tasmanian Daily News (6 August 1855), 3 

Tuesday, 31st July. - Coppin's new theatre, the Olympic, was opened last evening ... Our journals here are so accustomed to extol every person and thing indiscriminatel, that it is difficult to arrive at a clear notion of the relative merits and demerits of actors or singers. Language, for example, is employed in describing what are discovered to be the excellencies of Miss Swannell, which would be appropriate enough in the praise of Grisi, Lind or Persiani, but is simply ridiculous in its application to a young lady who succeeds in passing the ordeal of "a free and easy," without discredit. Mr. Brooke spoke the address which was composed by the Chief Justice ...


"BENEVOLENT ASYLUM", Bendigo Advertiser (29 July 1858), 3 

[Advertisement], The Age (17 December 1862), 3 

"MELBOURNE OLD AND NEW. A NOVEL ENTERTAINMENT", Mercury and Weekly Courier (16 June 1892), 3


Musician, cornet player

Died Sydney, NSW, 31 October 1884, aged 36


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1876), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1884), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1884), 1


Musician, band leader

Active Sydney, NSW, by October 1859
Active Melbourne, VIC, by September 1862 (Sweetman's Brass or String Band)


"WATER POLICE COURT", Empire (2 November 1859), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1860), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 September 1862), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 August 1863), 1


Viola (Tenor) player (New Queen's Theatre)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1848


[Advertisement], South Australian (29 February 1848), 2


Pianist, teacher of music

Active Geelong, VIC, 1850s


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (19 February 1853), 1s

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Geelong Advertiser (7 February 1856), 2

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (7 February 1856), 3

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Geelong Advertiser (12 February 1856), 2

SYKES, Charles


Born Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England, 1843
Arrived Dunedin, NZ, November 1862
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, April 1878


"65 YEARS AN ORGANIST. Recollections by Mr. Charles Sykes", The Argus (27 May 1922), 25

SYMMONS, Charles Augustus

Amateur pianist, choirmaster

Born 1804
Arrived Perth, late 1839
Died Leschenault, WA, 18 October 1887, in his 84th year


Pianist, conductor, soprano vocalist



Active Perth, WA, 1846

Summary (after Conole):

Symmons arrived in WA in late 1839 with his wife Joanna (nee Elliot) and their family, as Protector of Natives, a post he retained until the early 1850s. He and like-minded officials helped compile and publish (1842) the first WA aboriginal language dictionary. Apart from being a major lay benefactor of the Church of England in WA and a prominent colonial public official, Symmons proved to be an important figure in local social and cultural life for decades. In his personal life, he was a convivial and good-hearted man. He was also a fine musician and served as the first Choirmaster of St Georges Church in Perth, in office from 1845-1853.


"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

The performance commenced with a symphony for four hands, on the subject of the Hallelujah chorus from Beethoven's Mount of Olives, which was admirably played by Mrs. and Miss Symmons. ... The celebrated air "Let the bright Seraphim", from Handel's Oratorio of "Samson", was next sung in first-rate style by Mrs. Symmons, feelingly accompanied on the piano by Mrs. Leake. We missed Harper's trumpet obligato, but in other respects there was little to desire.

"MARRIED", Inquirer (13 August 1845), 2

[News], The Perth Gazette (18 April 1846), 2

The Concert in aid of the funds for the purchase of a suitable instrument for St. George's Church, took place at the Court House, on Wednesday last. ... To the Conductor, Mrs. Symmons who had a most arduous task imposed upon her, that of accompanying every piece and taking a part in each performance, the public are greatly indebted for the trouble and pains she has taken.

"Swan River Mechanics' Institute", The Perth Gazette (23 May 1852), 3

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

There are still many among us who remember the charming concerts given long since in Perth, and to which Mr. and Mrs. Symmons, Mr. Wittenoom, Mr. Stone, Mr. Schoales, Mr. Lochée, Mr. H. deBurgh, and Mrs. Maycock contributed their great and varied talents.

"DEATH", The West Australian (22 October 1887), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Peter Conole, "A colonial law man: Charles Symmons (1804-1887)" 

SYMONS, Annette (Miss SPENCER)

Music teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, mid 1826-27


"COURT OF REQUESTS, FRIDAY, OCT. 5", The Monitor (8 October 1827), 7

Symons and Annette his wife v. Samuel Terry. The plaintiffs had lately been resident in Sydney, but were now on their passage to England. Mrs. Symons, previously to her marriage (which took place in the Colony the latter part of last March) had given a quarter's tuition in musick to Miss Martha Terry, daughter of the defendant. ... He said, his daughter had taken instructions in music from Miss Spencer, and afterwards, when she became Mrs. Symons, without his knowledge. He admitted he had heard of her, going to Mrs. Symon's lodgings, but he understood it was in the way of a friendly call.

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2017