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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–T

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–T, Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 29 April 2017

- T -

TAPP, John Charles

Organist, composer

Born Stoke Lane, Somerset, England, 1825
Sentenced, 14 years, Somerset Assizes, Taunton, 31 March 1857
Arrived Hobart, 20 March 1852 (convict per Aboukir, from Plymouth, 24 December 1851)
Died Oatlands, TAS, 30 August 1875, in the 51st year of his age (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Tapp, a miller by trade, was convicted of forgery at the Taunton Assizes in 1847 and sentenced to 7 years imprisonment. The 1851 census lists him as a prisoner on the hulk The Warrior. He was transported later that year on the Aboukir to Tasmania (only 14 further shipments of convicts to Tasmania followed, and transportations ended after the arrival of the last, 13 months later, on 26 May 1853).

Aged 26 on arrival in March 1852, Tapp was granted a ticket-of-leave in September 1853 and was recommended for a conditional pardon in August 1854. He was already connected with the Wesleyan Sunday School in Hobart in 1853, and two years later for that institution he published his Tasmanian sacred melodies (Hobart: Teachers of the Campbell Street Sunday School, R.V. Hood, [1855]), containing 8 original hymn tunes and 1 set of chants ((1 Hobarton; 2 Launceston; 3 Hallelujah (a parting piece); 4 Sorell; 5 Longford; 6 Ross; 7 Brighton; 8 Franklin; 9 Chant[s]). The Mercury noticed it:

We have received a copy of Tasmanian Sacred Melodies, composed and arranged by J. C. Tapp, organist, of this city. They appear to be well suited to the purpose for which they are intended; and their being published by the teachers of the Campbell-street Sunday School shows they are appreciated, and worthy of a more extended circulation. There are nine tunes, besides chants and miscellan[ie]s, and the price is 3s. 6d. We have heard Mr. Tapp spoken of has having ability of a very high order, when applied to sacred music.

By June 1856, he was a clerk at Port Arthur (in charge of the bakery), having previously held a post as an assistant-superintendent at the prison. He was appointed postmaster at Port Arthur in 1859, where he continued to hold several other administrative offices. His headstone indicated that he was born in 1825 and died in 1875. One other musical attribution to a "J. C. Tapp", an arrangement, appears in a mid-19th-century organbook (a collection of hymn tunes and chants), British Library, Add. MS. 59873 (see British Library Journal 4 (1978), 197).


Convict conduct record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1439087; CON33/1/106,283,256,F,60 


"WESLEYAN SUNDAY SCHOOLS", The Courier (29 March 1853), 2

"TICKETS-OF-LEAVE GRANTED", The Cornwall Chronicle (3 September 1853), 6

"CONDITIONAL PARDONS RECOMMENDED", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 August 1854), 8

"SACRED MELODIES", The Hobarton Mercury (3 September 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Hobarton Mercury (3 September 1855), 2

"THE GOVERNMENT FLOUR CASE", Colonial Times (2 June 1856), 2

"GOVERNMENT GAZETTE", Launceston Examiner (9 June 1859), 2

"APPOINTMENTS", Launceston Examiner (11 June 1859), 4

"APPOINTMENTS", Launceston Examiner (23 July 1864), 4

"OFFICIAL NOTICES", Launceston Examiner (23 December 1869), 3

[Advertisement], The Mercury (17 May 1872), 1

"OATLANDS. POLICE COURT", The Mercury (1 April 1875), 3

Deaths in the district of Oatlands, 1875; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1207878; RGD35/1/44 no 696 

"DEATHS", The Mercury (1 September 1875), 1

Probate, 1879, on the will of John Charles Tapp; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:665001; AD961/1/5 

Musical works:

Tasmanian sacred melodies (Hobart: Teachers of the Campbell Street Sunday School, R.V. Hood, [1855])

Bibliography and resources:


Professor of the Pianoforte, Harp and Singing, organist, choral conductor

Arrived Hobart, TAS, January 1853 (per Derwentwater)
Died Hobart, TAS, 1873 (before January 1874)

TAPFIELD, Master (Frederick)

Boy soprano, music master, station owner

Born Cambridgeshire, England, 1845
Died Melbourne, VIC, 25 March 1907, aged 64


Mr. Tapfield, "Late of London and Cambridge" announced his intention to settle in Hobart Town in January 1853, as a "Professor of the Pianoforte, Harp and Singing", offering testimonials from "the Bishop of Chester, and from many others of the highest respectability in England".

By July 1853, he was organist of Trinity Church. In November 1853, Master Tapfield first appeared in concert for Salier and Russell. In March 1854, Samuel Tapfield was admitted to the Royal Society of Van Diemen's Land, to which his wife Charlotte (died July 1863) also contributed in October that year: "a manuscript volume containing the characters used to express 54 different oriental and other languages, &c., ancient and modern".

In 1855, Henry Stoney reported in his book A year in Tasmania:

A glee club has been organized under the direction of Mr. Tapfield, organist of Trinity Church, which has met with considerable success, and is patronised by some of the principal families.

Probably late Master Tapfield, Frederick was music master at Hobart High School in January 1870. In 1871, Samuel was conductor the Hobart Orchestral Union.


"SHIPPING NEWS", The Courier (21 January 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (29 January 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (14 July 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (31 October 1853), 3


"ROYAL SOCIETY OF VAN DIEMEN'S LAND", The Courier (11 March 1854), 2

"ROYAL SOCIETY OF VAN DIEMEN'S LAND", The Courier (13 October 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (10 January 1856), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (5 January 1859), 4

"THE ORATORIO OF THE MESSIAH", The Mercury (2 September 1862), 3

"DEATHS", The Mercury (17 July 1863), 1

"ENCORES AT CONCERTS. TO THE EDITOR", The Mercury (1 November 1864), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (20 January 1868), 1

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (26 January 1870), 1

"HOBART TOWN", Launceston Examiner (29 March 1870), 6

"HOBART TOWN", Launceston Examiner (15 November 1870), 3

"ST. ANDREW'S CHURCH", The Mercury (15 December 1870), 2 [Advertisement], The Mercury (5 January 1874), 4

"MARRIAGES", The Mercury (29 May 1876), 2s

"CONCERNING PEOPLE", The Register (26 March 1907), 5

"DEATHS", The Mercury (6 March 1926), 1

Bibliography and resources:

The album of the Cambridge Garrick Club (Cambridge: Pub. for the Society, by W. H. Smith, 1836), 156

Henry Butler Stony, A residence in Tasmania (London: Smith, Elder, and Co., 1856), 132-33

Reprint of the 1855 Hobart edition, A year in Tasmania

"MUSICAL. ORCHESTRAL UNION", Walch's Tasmanian Almanac (Hobart: J. Walch and Sons, 1871), 136

TATE, Henry

Music reviewer, writer on music, poet, composer

Born Prahran, VIC, 27 October 1873
Died South Yarra, VIC, 6 June 1926 (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)


Summary to 1900 (after Carmody ADB):

His interest in music began as an Anglican choirboy at Christ Church, St Kilda; when the University of Melbourne opened its Conservatorium of Music in 1895, he enrolled as a student under George Marshall-Hall.


"THEATRES AND ENTERTAINMENTS", The Argus (6 May 1909), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 June 1926), 1

"THE LATE MR. HENRY TATE. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (9 June 1920), 20

"Australian Composers. Some Melbourne Figures", The Brisbane Courier (12 May 1928), 25

"The Bush and Aurora Australis", The Brisbane Courier (23 June 1928), 22

[Nettie Palmer] HENRY TATE, before his death about two years ago, had at least heard his most important completed work performed by a Melbourne orchestra; in addition to this, he had been accepted as a man of most fruitful musical ideas, expressed sometimes in his actual compositions, sometimes in words, as in his rare little book, "Australian Musical Possibilities." Henry Tate was a man of great fecundity (hindered often by ill health), and his fecundity was all used in the one direction, that of bringing Australia into music. From his tiniest piano fragment, "Bush Noon," to his impressive orchestral work, "Dawn in Australia," all was an experiment in the direction of writing down our own peculiar harmonies and rhythms. To this end he used an unusual scale; he based many of his themes on the rhythms of our bird-calls, and the "programme" of his longer compositions (as in "Dawn in Australia") was the programme of nature itself. It will be for later composers, vitalised by his wealth of suggestions, to say whether his works were final in themselves or not. If they suffered from any lack, it was never a lack of musical ideas. The creative spirit was at large in them. It is to be hoped that they will gradually all be published. In the meantime a book of his prose and verse has been announced, the prose being both his musical dogmas and a series of descriptive essays, notes of his responsive delight in the bird-calls of the bush. His verse, too, is of interest, as showing, in words, the dreams of a man who lived for music. His long, ascetic face, with the widely-set eyes of a dreamer, was crowned by a very fine head. To many he was known solely as a champion chess player, which was enough. His "lightly-moved and all-conceiving spirit" could spend itself in many directions, but his influence on music will be most profoundly felt as years go by.

Bibliography and resources:

John Carmody, "Tate, Henry (1873-1926)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)


Band leader (European Saxhorn Band), ? band instrument seller

Active Sydney, 1859 (? 1879)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1859), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1879), 2


Bugler (Thomas Mitchell's expedition)

Died (drowned near future town of Benalla, VIC), 13 October 1836


In April 1834 it was reported that "Mr. Ellard, the Musical Instrument Maker, has completed a Bugle of a very superior description, to be used in Major Mitchell's exploring party." Having hired a bugler, James Taylor, especially, Mitchell used the instrument on his expedition mainly as a signal for members of his party, though, as he also recorded, it astonished some of the Indigenous tribesmen they encountered ("On hearing the bugle it appeared that they seemed much alarmed and drew up at a distance"). Taylor was drowned near Benalla while crossing a river on 13 October 1836.


"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (24 April 1834), 3

Bibliography and resources:


For another exploring expedition with a bugler, see J. R. Phillips's Hotham Expedition in 1835:

"THE HOTHAM EXPEDITION", The Perth Gazette (10 October 1835), 578

Soon afterwards the bugle sounded, prepare for the start ... Cheers were echoed and re-echoed from either party; the faint note of the bugle playing Over the hills and far away, was the last remembrance left us of our departed friends.


Soprano vocalist, actor ("daughter of the late Mr. Hill, of Covent Garden")

Arrived Hobart, 1833
Died Calcutta, 13 May 1841, "aged 27 years"

Go to main page:

TAYLOR, Samuel


Active Victoria, by 1862
Died Carlton, VIC, 8 August 1881  



[News], The Argus (10 April 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 September 1868), 8

MUSIC. Mr. S. TAYLOR, BANDMASTER (late H. M. 6th Enniskillen Dragoons, formerly bandmaster in H. M. navy), begs to state he has erected a PRACTICE-ROOM expressly for all kinds of WIND INSTRUMENTS, fitted up with every regard to comfort, sound, &c, where persons desirous of learning the clarionet, cornopean, piccolo, saxhorn, euphonium, trombone, side drum, and all instruments required in military, naval, or volunteer bands, may do so at a reasonable expense. Mr. T. has organised the following bands to the entire satisfaction of each corps, viz.- Original Head quarters, Castlemaine Rifles, Pentridge do., East Collingwood do., Eaglehawk do. (drum and fife);  Reformatory ship do. Mr. T. may be consulted regarding terms Tuesday or Thursday evenings, at the East Collingwood Orderly room, or at his residence, Townham cottage, Station street, Carlton. Music arranged for reed or brass bands. A juvenile class now forming.

"SALE BOROUGH BAND", Gippsland Times (24 March 1880), 3

"DEATH", Gippsland Times (17 August 1881), 2

[News], Gippsland Times (17 August 1881), 3

TAYLOR, Thomas

Bandmaster (The Adelaide Brass and Reed Band, late Leader of Wombwell's Brass Band)

Active Adelaide, 1854-55


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 March 1854), 1

"MARTIAL MUSIC", South Australian Register (29 August 1854), 3

"PROPOSED DINNER OF THE VOLUNTEER OFFICERS", South Australian Register (12 May 1855), 2

? "THE SEMAPHORE", South Australian Register (10 April 1880), 5

TAYLOR, W. Geddes (William, "Watty")

Amateur composer, journalist

Died Port Augusta, SA, 10 May 1909


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 October 1884), 1

"NEWMUSIC", South Australian Register (27 May 1887), 5

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 May 1887), 1

[News], The Advertiser (28 May 1890), 7

"IN MEMORIAM", The Advertiser (11 May 1910), 8


Austral dreams valse (Adelaide: S. Marshall & Sons, 1884)

The football polka (by W. Geddes Taylor; Dedicated by permission to the Victorian and South Australian Football Associations) ([1887])

TEGG, James

Bookseller, publisher, printer (J. Tegg & C0.)

Born Cheapside, London, 16 January 1808
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1834
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 May 1845

TEGG, Samuel Augustus

Bookseller, publisher, printer

Born London, 8 January 1813
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1834
Died Paignton, Devon, England, 5 December 1872


Son of London publisher Thomas Tegg, James Tegg was not generally involved with musical selling or publishing. However, in May 1842, he published the word-book to Charles Nagel's "musical burletta" Mock catalani in Little Puddleton (copy at British Library digitised). The music-seller Thomas Rolfe, from whom Tegg's wordbook was also available, meanwhile published music for the songs.


[Advertisement], The Australian (7 June 1842), 3

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. To the Editor", The Australian (9 June 1842), 3

Sir, Feeling an interest to witness the representation of the "Mock Catalani", I attended the Theatre on Tuesday evening last, having first provided myself with the pamphlet of the piece, as published at Tegg's ...

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (8 August 1843), 1

SACRED MUSIC, WILL BE PUBLISHED IN A FEW DAYS, PART N0. I. OF THE PSALMIST, being a Collection of Psalm and Hymn Tunes, arranged for general Congregational Worship. Sold by Rolwegan, Collins-street; and Tegg, Elizabeth-street.

"THE LATE MR. TEGG", Geelong Advertiser (30 September 1846), 1

Bibliography and resources:

L. F. Fitzhardinge, Tegg, James (1808-1845), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Tegg, Thomas, Dictionary of national biography (1898)

Victor Crittenden, James Tegg: early Sydney publisher and printer: the Tegg Brothers, the Australian arm of the book empire of Thomas Tegg of London (Canberra: Mulini Press, 2000)

TEICHELMANN, Christian Gottlieb

Recorder of indigenous language, songs, and customs, Lutheran missionary

Born Dahme, Saxony, 15 December 1807
Arrived Adelaide, 12 October 1838 (per Pestonjee Bomanjee)
Died Stansbury SA, 31 May 1888

Bibliography and resources:

Heide Kneebone, Teichelmann, Christian Gottlieb (1807-1888), Australian dictionary of biography Suppl. (2005)

TEMPLETON, Charles = PRINGLE, Charles Lempriere


Pianist (daughter of Charles TEMPLETON and Nellie LAMBERT)

TEMPLETON, Mrs. (FALCONER, Mrs.) = LAMBERT, Nellie (Ethel)

TERNAN, William

Bandsman (46th Regiment)

Born Plymouth, England, c.1783
Active Sydney, NSW, ? 1814 (under bandmaster Robert McIntosh)

See also Band of the 46th Regiment


"LAW INTELLIGENCE. THE QUEEN V. MCINTOSH", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1851), 2

Margaret Ternan: Knew old McIntosh and the defendant twenty-seven years ago; defendant is like old McIntosh in his features more like him than his mother; witness' husband was a bandsman in the 46th Regiment, under old McIntosh; knows John McIntosh, he was eighteen months old when she first saw him.

Bibliography and resources:

TESTAR, Elizabeth (Miss E. TURNER)

Soprano vocalist, teacher of singing

Born Chatham, Kent, England, June 1819
Arrived Melbourne, 27 October 1850 (per Northumberland)
Died 20 March 1908, in her 89th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


As Miss E. Turner (with her sister Mary, Miss Turner), she appeared in London concerts during the 1840s. Testar arrived with her husband Thomas in October 1850, and made her Melbourne concert debut in December. She was Melbourne's principal resident soprano vocalist throughout the 1850s, appearing with visiting artists such as Lewis Lavenu, Anna Bishop, and Miska Hauser, and in 1859 also appearing in Sydney in Lavenu's University Musical Festival. In 1854, George Wathen noted "the performances of Mrs. Testar, the prima donna of Melboure, are duly appreciated and loudly applauded."


[Advertisement], The Musical World 17/25 (23 June 1842), 200


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (28 October 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 November 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 December 1850), 1

George Henry Wathen, The golden colony, or, Victoria in 1854 (London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1855), 44

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 July 1859), 5

"THE MESSIAH ON CHRISTMAS EVE", The Argus (26 December 1864), 5

Mrs. Testar, who has long retired from public performance, appeared at short notice because of Miss O. Hamilton's illness, but she did not fail to prove that she retained all her well remembered powers. Bred in the best sacred musical school, she exhibited an exquisite taste and a delicacy of expression which many better singers of secular music often fail to give. Her crowning effort was the lovely air, "I know that my Redeemer liveth", and the audience would fain have heard it repeated. 

"Mrs. Testar. A FORGOTTON PRIMA DONNA", Table Talk (23 January 1891), 4 

... Miss Elizabeth Turner, who had made a considerable reputation for herself in London before coming to Melbourne, was born in Chatham, Kent, in June, 1819, and was thus only a few weeks younger than Her Majesty the Queen, herself then a puling infant in the lobster stage. Mr. Turner pere was a druggist and a clever man, with a head full of crotchets. He married, at the early age of twenty-one, a delicate wife who did not live long, but loft him with a son, Charles, whose son Charles, also, is now at the head of a business said to he the largest in London in the hands of one man. The name of Charles Turner, manufacturer, of Black Varnish, is even to be seen sometimes in the advertising columns of Australian papers. Mr. Turner waited until he was thirty before marrying a second time, but living until 87 he came very near celebrating his diamond wedding. His second wife - Miss Hetley - bore him twelve children, of whom the subject of this sketch was the seventh. Apparently she had brought ill-luck with her, for the family circumstances then began to be the reverse of satisfactory, and "unmerciful disaster followed faster and followed faster" until In 1827 the family removed to London, when the hand of fate stayed a little. The bringing up of a large family offers a rich field for a man with ideas of his own to try experiments in, and the result came nearly to leaving young Elizabeth without any training whatever. But it is hard to extinguish talent, especially when accompanied by great energy of character, as in this case. Present her older sister's pianoforte and singing lessons, the younger one listened and profited by the instruction given, so that for hours she would practise in the attics with the window open, where no one could hear her. That she was refused to be taught drawing did not prevent her trying to draw, until the drawing master one day, picking up some of her work, declared that his pupil had much improved. French she picked up from hearing it much spoken about her; German she taught herself with grammar and dictionary. At last she was permitted to learn drawing, and was placed first under Mons. Chastellan and then under Signor Pistrucci, and subsequently she studied at the British Museum and National Gallery. At last it was discovered that she had a voice like a bird, pure and sweet, and of wonderful flexibility; but she had been so diligent a student and so unremitting in her practice that she could already sing well, and it was thought that she did not need much more tuition. In fact Miss Turner never had more than about eighteen direct lessons in the whole course of her life. The first half-dozen or so of these were from Crouch, the best 'cellist of his day, but better remembered by posterity as the composer of "Kathleen Mavourneen." Crouch was so delighted with her voice and the intelligence of his pupil that he almost insisted upon her adopting the lyric stage, and then assuredly Melbourne would never have seen its favourite, Mrs. Testar. Parental authority, however, armed with the prejudices of Puritanism, still lingering in England, interposed a stern "No." The rest of Miss Turner's vocal instruction was received from B. and L. Negri, a father and son, well known in their day as teachers of singing, who may have been collateral or lineal descendants of the sisters Negri, who sang in England, under the direction of Handel, from 1733 to 1737. But better than any set instruction for this young and intelligent as well as enthusiastic creature was it to hear Grisi, Persiani, Mario, Lablache, Tamburini, the exquisite Clara Novello, the "divine" Malibran - in their very prime and pride. On these models she formed her style.

In course of time the Misses Mary and Elizabeth Turner became well-known on the concert platform, singing in conjunction with stars like Persiani and Madame Sainton-Dolby, but our heroine also earned a good deal of money by the accomplishment which had been so reluctantly conceded. She did a great deal of book illustrating and similar commissions of that kind. A commission received from one Campanari may be mentioned as illustrative of the "middleman," a personage still railed against and apparently not to be got rid of. Campanari had been commissioned to execute the illustrations for a work on Italian Antiquities, but he employed Miss Turner to execute the drawings, some of which had to be done at the British Museum, others at the houses of owners of some well-known vases. For those he paid her the munificent sum of eight guineas. Miss Turner was not allowed to put her name to the drawings, and was never even told the name of the book, and in fact never saw it printed. At last the usual fate befel Miss Turnor, and after a rather long engagement she married in February, 1850, Mr. Thomas Testar, a gentleman of French descent; the name having originally been "Testard." With her husband Testar left England in the good ship Northumberland on June 26, and arrived in Melbourne on October 20 of the same year.

We have seen how quickly Mrs. Testar became the favorite singer of Melbourne, and must briefly summarize her brilliant career ...

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 March 1908), 11

Bibliography and resources:

Elizabeth Testar, DAAO


Indigenous musician, vocalist, bugler, dancer, circus performer

Active Scotland and Brisbane, 1840s-50s


"A Travelled Aboriginal", The Moreton Bay Courier (31 July 1852), 2

By the last trip of the Eagle and aboriginal native returned to Brisbane, for the purpose of visiting his relatives, who belong to Amity Point, in Moreton Bay. His native name is Tetaree, and his mother is tolerably well known by the name of Wogawai. About seven years ago a gentleman named Oliphant, who was about to return to Scotland, took with him Tetaree, then a young lad. He has since been in London and other parts of England, in Edinburgh and Glasgow, and in Belfast and Antrim in Ireland. He returned to Sydney in the ship Bermondsey, a few weeks ago. His description of the sights he has seen is highly amusing. The great Exhibition, with its big house of glass; her Majesty the Queen "walking about" as he says; the Life Guards with their tin hats and long swords; the kelted Highlanders in Scotland; and the rapid flight of the puffing Railway carriages, have all been observed by Tetaree, who, by the bye, has now adopted the name of James Alexander. It appears from his statement that the performance at an equestrian circus had great attractions for him, he was himself employed for some time as a performer at Franconi's circus, in Edinburgh. Here he learned to stand upon a horse when in full gallop, and perform many of the feats usually witnessed at such places. His bugle imitations of popular tunes are very good, and he sings some of the Ethiopian Serenaders' songs with very creditable attempts at musical execution. He has learnt a polka tune to perfection, and goes through that popular dance with correctness. He says that he has danced it "with some ladies". He can write his name, and recognises the letters of the alphabet, which he pronounces with a strong Scottish accent. He heard talk, he says, of "the row in France", and under-stood that the Edinburgh soldiers wanted to fight the French soldiers, but the latter would not come. This impression has no doubt been caused on his mind by the talk of invasion, and the preparations lately made to resist it. Altogether, "James Alexander" is a curiosity. He came down as steward's assistant, we believe, in the Eagle. Of his future movements he seems to be uncertain; but his first object is to visit his friends at Amity Point.

Henry Stobart, Papers, NLA MS1033

All the Blacks have English names - Jackey or Tommy or Charlie &c. One young fellow called "Jimmy Alexander" who was as naked and savage as any of them had, strange t o say, been seven years in England, been taught to read and write and could talk English perfectly. He however pined, I suppose, after his own land and returned about 2 years and a half ago. For some little time he kept aloof from his own people and did work in Brisbane and dressed well; but, induced I suppose by his tribe , he returned to them and is again a perfect savage. He talked about England, danced a Polka for us, sang English songs and imitated the Flagoelet capitally. He said his people did not believe all the stories he was accustomed to tell about England. How strange it is that he should return again for this ....

Bibliography and resources:

W. R. F. Love, "Some references to Aboriginal life in the Moreton region from Stobart's journal 1853", Queensland archeological research 2 (1985), 58-70

Shirleene Robinson, "The unregulated employment of Aboriginal children in Queensland, 1842-1902", Labour history 82 (May 2002)

THACKERAY, Emily (Aimee; Mrs. WELCH)

Organist, composer

Active Maitland, NSW, by 1859


In 1870 her Song of Saul before his last battle (words by Byron; composed by Aimee, and dedicated to Sir Alfred Stephen) was advertised for sale in Sydney by J. R. Clarke. In England in 1870, she was elected a member of the College of Organists. At St. Paul's Maitland in June 1872, she introduced her anthem Praised be the Lord, and another vocal setting, Eloi Eloi lama sabacthani was printed in England by Novello, Ewer, and Co.

1868: We were indebted to the courtesy of the Rev. J. E. Thackeray, for the opportunity of being present at a private organ recital, given by Miss Amy Thackeray, upon the grand instrument in St. Paul's Church, on Thursday evening. This young lady has devoted herself to the study of the noble instrument, which enabled her on the night in question to delight and charm the audience invited, and the result of the recital gave evidence of the mastery she has attained over every key, stop, and pedal. Miss Thackeray plays with a firmness, vigour, and delicacy of touch, a brilliancy of execution, and a feelingness of expression, which gave the fullest effect to the magnificent specimens of the masters which were presented ... We must not omit to mention the brilliant extemporisations, by way of prelude to the various pieces, which the accomplished performer indulged in, to the gratification of the listeners ...

1870: On the 9th May, an organ recital was given in the Wesleyan Church, York-street, Sydney, by Miss Thackeray, organist of St. Paul's, Maitland, for the benefit of the sufferers by the late floods in the Maitland district. There was a good attendance, and the performance of Miss Thackeray elicited much admiration.

1872: JUST PUBLISHED. Price 1s. 6d, SONGS OF THE TWILIGHT No. 1, "ELOI ELOI, LAMA SABACTHANI", The Poetry by D. P. Carter, Esq., Hereford, England; the Music by Emily Thackeray, Organist of S Paul's, Maitland. LONDON NOVELLO, EWER, & CO.; WEST MAITLAND: W. LIPSCOMB.


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (24 September 1864), 1

"DESTRUCTION OF ST. ETHEL'S SCHOOL ROOM BY FIRE", The Maitland Mercury (1 December 1866), 4

"PRIVATE ORGAN RECITAL AT ST. PAUL'S CHURCH", The Maitland Mercury (25 July 1868), 4

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (25 July 1868), 4

"CHORAL SERVICE", The Maitland Mercury (29 June 1869), 4

"THE TWO MAITLANDS. No. II", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1869), 5

"FLOOD RELIEF COMMITTEE, WEST MAITLAND", The Maitland Mercury (7 May 1870), 3

"SOCIAL", Empire (18 May 1870), 2

"ORGAN RECITAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 June 1870), 5

"ORGAN RECITAL IN SYDNEY", The Maitland Mercury (25 June 1870), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 September 1870), 5

"MISS EMILY THACKERAY", The Maitland Mercury (6 September 1870), 2

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 September 1870), 21

"CONCERT AT EAST MAITLAND", The Maitland Mercury (5 January 1871), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 June 1872), 1

"THANKSGIVING SERVICE AT ST. PAULS'S", The Maitland Mercury (13 June 1872), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (6 July 1872), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 August 1872), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (6 February 1873), 1

"MARRIAGE", Australian Town and Country Journal (19 May 1877), 33

"HOLY WEEK SERVICES AT ST. PAUL'S", The Maitland Mercury (29 March 1890), 4

THACKERAY, James R. (Rev'd)

Lecturer on music

Active Maitland, by 1859 (father of Emily THACKERAY above)


"MAITLAND SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Maitland Mercury (3 September 1859), 3

"MEETINGS, LECTURES ...", The Maitland Mercury (30 October 1860), 2

"THE REV. MR. THACKERAY'S LECTURE ON ENGLISH MUSIC", The Maitland Mercury (12 May 1860), 3

"MUSICAL LECTURE", The Maitland Mercury (19 June 1860), 3

"WEST MAITLAND CHURCH UNION", The Maitland Mercury (2 April 1863), 2

"THE REV. JAMES R. THACKERAY", Illustrated Sydney News (15 April 1865), 1

THATCHER, Charles Robert ("Dick")

Flautist, singer, songwriter, bush poet

Born Brighton, England, 1831
Arrived Melbourne, November 1852 (per Isabella)
Departed Australia, 1870 (for England)
Died Shanghai, China, September 1878 (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)


Charles Thatcher (?1867)



Thatcher was only recently arrived in Melbourne when he first appeared as flautist in a concert with several other recently arrived Londoners (including John Gregg and Edward Salaman) in December 1852. The beginnings of his second career, as a colonial songster, was described in the Argus in April 1854:

LITERATURE AT THE GOLD-FIELDS. - One of the chief attractions at the theatre here has been the songs composed and sung by Mr. Charles Thatcher, a digger, who has been engaged as a member of the orchestra. These songs have been extremely popular, and by their point and general merit, caught the notice of Mr. M'Donogh, when on a professional visit to Bendigo. This gentleman had copies of some dozen of the best printed in Melbourne, and they have since been circulated here. They bear the test of careful reading, much better than could have been expected, seeing that they were written merely for the passing moment. They are all humorous, abounding in local allusions, as a matter of course; and if circulated in England, would give a much better idea of life on the gold-fields than most of the elaborately written works upon them do.

He continued to play the flute throughout his Australian and New Zealand years. At an Orpheus Union concert in Melbourne in October 1867, The Argus reported:

Mrs. Perryman sang Bishop's "Lo, here the gentle lark", fairly enough, but the best part was the flute accompaniment of Mr. Thatcher, whose real powers as an instrumentalist were new to those who had only heard of him as a comic singer.

1878-11-09: DEATH OF MR. C. R. THATCHER. To many of the present residents of Sandhurst Charles Thatcher will only be known by name. But by all old Bendigonians he will be well remembered, and the news of his death from cholera at Shanghai will be received by them with deep regret. In the glorious days of gold-digging, when through the enterprise of Mr. William Heffernan the public of Sandhurst were supplied nightly with free concerts at the Shamrock Hotel, the performers at which consisted of the very highest talent, male and female, vocal and instrumental, obtainable in the colony, the appearance of Mr. Thatcher on the stage was always looked for with interest and often with impatience. He was always ready with a song of his own composing on some local subject, and so happy were his hits, and so racy and piquant was his style, although he had only an indifferent voice, that amongst vocalists of the highest order he ranked as first popular favorite, and was generally known as "the Inimitable Charley." He has left the colony for some years, and has been travelling in China and Japan, where he employed him self in making valuable collections of curios, by which means it is said he made a good deal of money. It is to be feared the following notice of his death, which we clip from the Argus, is only too true, although we would fain indulge the hope that there may be some mistake. Mr. Thatcher, whilst one of the most clever and amusing public performers we ever met with, was withal a thoroughly steady and saving man, and a good citizen. We can only say we have read the subjoined paragraph with a very sad feeling, as will every one who had the pleasure of knowing the deceased gentleman: - "A Shanghai paper just received records the death of Mr. C. R. Thatcher, formerly of Sandhurst and New Zealand. Mr. Thatcher died of cholera, and was not ill more than a few hours. He was a brother of Mr. Richmond Thatcher, agent of Miss Ada Ward, who is now at Adelaide. As a comic vocalist he was, some years ago, quite an institution at Sandhurst on account of the facility with which he took up local subjects and humorously dealt with them in the songs he used to sing. More lately he had profitably employed his ability as a naturalist in making collections in India and China for private museums and other purposes.


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

"LITERATURE AT THE GOLD FIELDS", The Argus (7 April 1854), 5

"Correspondence. LOCAL HITS. TO THE EDITOR", Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle (14 January 1864), 2

"THE ORPHEUS UNION CONCERT", The Argus (15 October 1867), 7

"DEATH OF MR. C. R. THATCHER", Bendigo Advertiser (9 November 1878), 3


Bibliography and resources:

Hugh Anderson, "Thatcher, Charles Robert (1831-1878)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)




Born 1863 (son of Charles THATCHER)
Died 23 August 1933, aged 70 years


"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (1 March 1924), 13

"DEATHS", The Argus (25 August 1933), 1

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (23 August 1935), 1

THAYER, Kate (Miss Kate THAYER, Madame Kate THAYER)

Soprano vocalist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 June 1881 (per City of Sydney, from San Francisco)
Departed Adelaide, SA, January 1884 (per Caledonian, for London)
Died London, England, 14 December 1914


Kate Thayer, New York 1879

Image (New York, 1879, above) 


Kate Thayer arrived in Australia in 1881 as a member of Wilhelmj Concert Company. For Wilhelmj in Sydney in July and Kowalski in Melbourne in August, she sang the Queen of the Night's aria from Mozart's Magic Flute (previously introduced to Australia by Ilma de Murska and Carlotta Patti). She and her husband and agent, W. E. Chapman, settled in Adelaide in 1882, where Chapman worked as a journalist, and she teaching and singing until the end of 1883, whereafter they sailed for London.

1881-06-27: Herr August Wilhelmj, the great violinist, whose fame has spread into all lands, is on board the in-coming mail steamer from San Francisco. The lovers of music may therefore expect to shortly hear the violin in the hands of a master, the equal of whom has never visited our city before. The company of which Herr Wilhelmj is the star, includes Miss Kate Thayer (soprano), and Herr Vogrich (pianist), both of whom have been enthusiastically praised by the American Press.

1881-08-15: KOWALSKI'S EXHIBITION CONCERTS ... A new prima donna made her first appearance in Melbourne on this occasion. Miss Kate Thayer is a lady of elegant appearance. Her voice is a soprano of high and resonant quality, her execution correct, facile, and extremely brilliant. Her qualifications as an artiste were at once admitted and approved in the great outburst of applause which followed the conclusion of her first aria, the celebrated " Gli Angui d' Inferno,' from the 'Flauto Magico' of Mozart. Her performance of the high staccato passages in this remarkable and beautiful composition, to an excellent accompaniment played by Signor Zelman, was of a kind which has not been heard here of late, and the first impression she made was wholly in her favour. This impression was confirmed and improved by her subsequent performances. In the second part of the programme she sang "La Capricciosa," a vocal waltz by Mattei - a decidedly taking composition showing great variety of brilliant ornamentation, which was executed by Miss Thayer with such verve and finish as to gain for her the honour of an uproarious encore. To this demand she replied by singing " The Postilion," by Abt, a highly ornate and very charming morceau, requiring much facility in execution to do it justice, and rendered by this lady in perfect style. Miss Thayer had gained another encore previous to this, when she sang "Comin' thro' the rye," after the Mozart air first mentioned. Her final performance was in a charming little song, "We banish love," written by the late Mr Marcus Clarke and composed by Henri Kowalski. It forms part of an opera which M. Kowalski has just finished. The tune is tender and grave, and is very sweetly modulated, and it was sung by Miss Thayer with very good feeling. It is of a kind which would be best appreciated in the scene in which it is properly set - we do not think it bears transplanting to the platform of a great promenade concert. In dismissing the name of Miss Thayer for the present, we may conclude by saying that she thoroughly deserved the hearty reception and approval she met with.

1884-01-19: By the Caledonien Madame Kate Thayer, the well-known vocalist, and her husband. Mr. W. E. Chapman, formerly of the Register staff, left for England, where Madame Thayer will pursue her professional career.

1893-08-18: Madame Kate Thayer. Mr. P. A. Howells has received a letter from Madame Thayer, who will be remembered as one of the most popular concert artists that has appeared in Adelaide. The lady is now in London, where, since her return from an American tour, she has been assiduously studying under high-class masters. The result has been a marked improvement in the quality of her voice. Accepting but few offers for the platform, she has been professionally engaged principally in teaching and lecturing. Madame Thayer, being desirous of renewing her pleasant relations with the patrons of music in this city, wishes to negotiate for an Adelaide season. Her return would be hailed with pleasure by all those who remember her highly cultivated voice and artistic singing.

1915-02-10: The many friends of Mme. Kate Thayer will learn with regret of her death, which took piece on December 14 at Pillimore Place, W. Since the foundation of the Lyceum Club, Mme. Thayer had bean one of its keenest supporters and most prominent members. Since the foundation of the American Club, Mme. Thayer held the position of president, only resigning it last November on account of ill health. Both in Australia and England she was widely known; and for many years she devoted her time and energies to her "Scholarships for Women Scheme" on similar lines (she hoped) to the Rhodes scholarships.

1918-05-18: Another not able man at that time was W. E. Chapman, who introduced the column called "Crumbs" into the "Journal." He married Madame Kate Thayer, a famous singer of the day. Chapman's mental endurance was remarkable. He could work all day, play cards all night, and never apparently require any sleep.


"Amusements", Evening News (27 June 1881), 3

"KOWALSKI'S EXHIBITION CONCERTS", The Argus (15 August 1881), 6

"MISS KATE THAYER", The South Australian Advertiser (19 August 1882), 7

[News], South Australian Register (18 August 1893), 4

"PERSONAL NOTES FROM ENGLAND", The Register (20 July 1903), 6

"AUSTRALIANS ABROAD", Evening News (10 February 1915), 6

"EARLY PRESS CLUBS", The Mail (18 May 1918), 3 


"Violonist and Negro Comedian", minstrel performer, vocalist, pianist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1854


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 September 1854), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (5 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 October 1854), 1

"TOTTEN'S HARMONEONS", South Australian Register (14 November 1854), 3

THEE, John Henry

Amateur musician, composer, grazier (Europambela Station)

Active New England, NSW, 1860s
Died ? Granville, NSW, 1917


"DONATIONS TO THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 February 1864), 9

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1864), 10

Musical work:

The New England polka (arranged for the piano-forte by Alfred Anderson) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1864])

THEOBALD, Robert Bishop

Professor of music and languages, orchestral musician, composer, schoolmaster

Born England, c.1817
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 June 1853, aged 36 (assisted emigrant, per Bolton)
Died Newcastle, NSW, 24 January 1876, in the 59th year of his age


Theobald and his family arrived in NSW as assisted emigrants in 1853 (NSWSR). He advertised in Sydney as a professor of music and languages in 1859. From 1867 or earlier he ran the Collegiate School in Newcastle. A former pupil recalled in 1936:

There was a collegiate school established in the sixties by Mr. Kenny, and carried on after his death by Mr. R. B. Theobald, one of the best teachers I have known, and a most lovable man. I have heard that he was an English master at Dulwich College, England.


[Advertisement], Empire (25 August 1854), 1

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (26 August 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 May 1859), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 September 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 November 1859), 6

[Advertisement], Empire (27 March 1862), 1

"NOTES OF THE WEEK", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 March 1862), 5

"DEATH", Empire (18 May 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1868), 1

"THE KIAMA MYSTERY EXPLAINED", Empire (29 September 1868), 2

"NEW MUSIC", The Maitland Mercury (11 May 1869), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (23 April 1870), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1870), 3

"New Music", Illustrated Sydney News (26 October 1870), 3

"The Volunteer Artillery Brigade Band", Empire (2 August 1873), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1874), 8

"The Cricketers' Quadrille", Australian Town and Country Journal (4 April 1874), 23

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 April 1874), 6

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (28 November 1874), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1876), 1

"HISTORIC SCHOOLS. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 June 1936), 8

Musical works

The Rosella schottische (Sydney: Published by the Author, [1859])

The cricketers' quadrille (dedicated to the "united elevens" of Victoria and New South Wales by Th. E. O., an old English player") (1 L'assemblée des jouers, 2 Le premier jeu des Anglais, 3 Les premier jeu de Alliés; 4 Le second jeu des Anglais, 5 Victoire pour les Alliés) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1862])

Galatea polka (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Son, [1868])

La mystère de Kiama (polka mazurka pour le piano) ("respectfully dedicated to the wives and daughters of Australian politicians") (Sydney: Reading and Wellbank, [1869])

The "Kiama Mystery" referred to claims, made by Henry Parkes in a speech at Kiama, that the assassination attempt on Prince Alfred in March 1868 had been the result of a conspiracy; see Lyne's Life of Sir Henry Parkes

Prince Arthur's march (Newcastle: Published by the Author, [1870])

The prince's return (polka mazurka) (Newcastle: Published by R. B. Theobald, [1870])

The cricketers' quadrille (third edition) (by Robert B. Theobald) (Sydney: For the composer by E. Turner, [1874])

The Barnstaple Manor quadrille composed and respectfully dedicated to Mrs. B. C. Rodd by Robt. B. Theobold, Esq. (Sydney: published by James C. Fussell, n.d.) 

THÉRÈSE, Mademoiselle

= SCHMIDT, Thérèse



Active Portland, VIC, 1866


The Victoria Post Office directory (1866), 232

THIRKELL, Christiana Matilda (Mrs H. W. THIRKELL; formerly Mrs. Alfred NASH)

Professor of Music, pianist, harmonium player, composer

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1854
Died Adelaide, SA, 31 March 1861, aged 35


Mrs Alfred Nash, organist of St John's, Adelaide, advertised that she was giving lessons in pianoforte, organ and singing in July 1853. After her husband, sexton of the public cemetery, died in August 1855, leaving her with four small children, she briefly set up an infants school. She was left temporarily destitute and without a piano on which to teach after her second husband was declared insolvent in 1858. She resumed teaching, however, and in October 1860 Penman and Galbraith published her Volunteer waltz (no copy identified). She died after giving birth to a stillborn child in March 1861.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 July 1853), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 July 1854), 1

"DIED", South Australian Register (6 August 1855), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (17 August 1855), 1

"CONSECRATION OF ST. LUKE'S CHURCH", South Australian Register (15 February 1856), 3

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (6 August 1857), 2

"DESTITUTE BOARD", South Australian Register (13 July 1858), 3

"LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS", South Australian Register (15 March 1859), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 September 1860), 1

"NEW VOLUNTEER WALTZ", The South Australian Advertiser (20 October 1860), 2

"THE VOLUNTEER WALTZ", The South Australian Advertiser (8 November 1860), 2

"THE VOLUNTEER WALTZ. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (10 December 1860), 3

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (2 April 1861), 2

THOM, B. (Mr.)

Violinist, orchestra leader

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853


At Melbourne's Thursday Evening Concerts in 1853, it was reported:

Mr. Thom, as leader, deserves great credit for the manner in which he has got together his band at so short a notice, as well as for the masterly style in which the instrumental performances were executed, not forgetting his own beautifully performed fantasia on the violin.

When Thom led Lewis Lavenu's orchestras in Melbourne in July 1855, both in concert at the Exhibition Building with Catherine Hayes, and at the Theatre Royal, the Argus reported:

The orchestra has been well organised by Mr. Thom, and its members consist of the 'pick' of our colonial instrumentalists.

In the 1920s, Alfred Montague remembered a violinist "E. Hancock-Thom".


"THE CONCERT", The Argus (14 January 1853), 5

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (2 February 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1854), 8

"GEELONG", The Argus (25 November 1854), 5

"M. COULON", The Argus (30 November 1854), 5

"THE QUEEN'S THEATRE", The Argus (27 December 1854), 4

"MUSICAL WELCOME TO MR. G. V. BROOKE", The Argus (26 February 1855), 5

"THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL CHIT-CHAT", The Argus (9 April 1855), 5

"THE CONCERT AT THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (9 July 1855), 5

"CONCERT AT THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (16 July 1855), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (17 July 1855), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (19 July 1855), 5

"GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT", The Argus (23 November 1855), 5





Active Sydney, NSW, 1855


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1855), 3

MUSICAL - Mr. THOMAS, violinist, begs to inform the gentry of Sydney that he is prepared to attend quadrille parties. A quadrille band of English musicians can be engaged if required. 121, Elizabeth-street, Hyde Park.

THOMAS, Llewellyn

Harpist, Welsh Harpist, gold prospector

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1860-63


The "celebrated harpist" first appeared at Ballarat's Montezuma theatre on the same bill as The San Francisco Minstrels and Sable Opera Troupe. With John Williams, the blind harpist, and the Sebastopol Welsh Choir, he participated in a Welsh Eisteddfod in Ballarat in December 1863. Williams awarded Thomas the 10 pound harp prize, and the two played together the Caerphili March "with wonderful effect".


[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1860), 8

[Advertisement], The Star (27 December 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (22 January 1861), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (21 June 1861), 3

"CIRCUIT COURT", The Star (12 April 1862), 5

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (26 December 1863), 2

"THE WELSH EISTEDDFOD", The Star (30 December 1863), 4

"SOCIAL", The Star (25 January 1864), 1s

"BALLARAT", Camperdown Chronicle (9 March 1880), 3

[News], The Argus (25 June 1881), 7

[News], The Argus (18 April 1882), 6

THOMAS, William

Bandmaster (2nd Hobart Rifles, 2-14th Regiment)

Arrived Hobart, TAS, by 1863
Died Hobart, 17 June 1884



Active Hobart, TAS, by 1868

1866: The troops [2-14th Regiment from New Zealand) were landed on the following day by the steamer Kangaroo when, by permission of Captain Davies, 2nd Rifles, the fine band of that corps was in attendance, under the leadership of Bandmaster Thomas, and played the troops into barracks, the "British Grenadiers" and the "Jolly Dogs March" being the chief pieces played.

1866: [Queen's Birthday Ball] A quadrille band by Messrs. Dentith, Gagliardi, A. G. Thomas, Bryant, &c, occupied the gallery.

1868: A. G. THOMAS begs most respectfully to inform the ladies and gentlemen of Hobart Town and its vicinity, and the public generally, that he is prepared to supply STRING or MIXED BANDS of from 6 to 16 members for Orchestra, Concerts, Balls, &c., ... For small Balls or Parties, A.O.T. can safely recommend his CHAMBER BAND, consisting of Violin, Cornet, Contra Bass, and Pianoforte, or for small Rooms either Cornet and Pianoforte, Violin and Pianoforte, or Flute and Pianoforte. The most fashionable English and French Music received by every mail. ... Tuition supplied for the Harp, Guitar, Violin, Flute, Cornet, Pianoforte, Reed or Brass Instruments on the most reasonable terms. BRASS and REED BANDS furnished of from 5  to 20 members, as required. N.B.-The proficiency and sobriety of the Band can be relied on. Address - A. G. THOMAS, Queen's-road, Sandy Bay, Hobart Town.

Obituary: Mr. William Thomas, after several years of suffering, expired at his late residence, Collins street yesterday, in the 70th year of his age. Mr. Thomas arrived in Hobart with his family over a quarter of a century back, and, until laid aside by illness, successfully pursued his calling as a nurseryman at Sandy Bay. He was a leading man amongst the Rechabites and various Friendly Societies. He was an accomplished musician, and, when the Band of the 2nd Rifles, in years gone by, held prominent place in the Volunteer Force, he was the respected master. He leaves a large but grown up family to mourn the loss of a father who, from his many excellencies, was universally respected as a man and prized as a friend.

1903: I was, at the time, a member of the 2nd Rifle Volunteer Band, and we were engaged to supply the musical portion of the programme Mr Thomas was our bandmaster, and the late Captain J Davies, then the proprietor of "The Mercury," was the Commanding Officer of our Company. I cannot now call to mind the names of many members of our band, but I recollect very well that associated with us were our leader's three sons, and Signor Gaglardie [Gagliardi]. Our Drum-Major Mr Cook, I shall never forget He was a tall, handsome man and in his scarlet and gold uniform looked what he was, the very model of a drum-major Hi and his stick were a perfect terror to the "small boys" as they gathered round the band when we were out for a march with the Company. At the ceremony above referred to ...we (the band) played "God bless the Prince of Wales," and we certified to the planting of the second [tree] with the "Danish National Anthem" But, oh! Didn't it rain. We were all soon soaked, and were not at all sorry when the signal was given for us to play "God save the Queen". 1917: About 1863 the 2nd Rifles started a band of their own, under Wm. Thomas as bandmaster. He came to this State for the purpose of laying out the Royal Society's Gardens.


"SECOND RIFLES BAND", The Mercury (26 February 1863), 3

"THE VOLUNTEERS", The Mercury (7 May 1864), 3

"BAND PERFORMANCE", The Mercury (18 January 1866), 2

"BIRTHDAY BALL", The Mercury (25 May 1866), 4

"ARRIVAL OF THE MILITARY", The Mercury (24 November 1866), 3

"SECOND RIFLES BAND", The Mercury (23 January 1867), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (27 February 1868), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (10 February 1874), 3

"VOLUNTEER COURTESY. TO THE EDITOR", The Mercury (17 September 1879), 3

"DEATH OF A WELL-KNOWN COLONIST", The Mercury (18 June 1884), 2

"OLD TIME MEMORIES", The Mercury (16 December 1903), 2

"MUSICAL DAYS. HISTORY OF THE HOBART BANDS", The Mercury (30 August 1917), 2

THOMAS, William

Indigenous culture recorder

Born London, England, 1791
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 August 1838
Died Brunswick, VIC, 1 December 1867 (NLA persistent identifier)


"THE LATE WILLIAM THOMAS, GUARDIAN OF ABORIGINES", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (20 December 1867), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Marie Hansen Fels, "I succeeded once": the Aboriginal protectorate on the Mornington Peninsula, 1839-1840 (Aboriginal History Monograph 22) (Canberra: ANU Press; Aboriginal History Inc, 2011)


Sydney, SL-NSW, William Thomas papers, 1834-1868, 1902


MS 214/24 Item 1-11 Microfilm CY 3131 Frame 18 letter to Mr Duffy Manners & Customs of Aborigines: No 5 - Songs & Dances Merri M lodge (1 August 1858)

THOMPSON, Clara see Clara Thompson BRACY


Violoncellist, pianist, violinist, organist, piano tuner, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1844
Adelaide, SA, by December 1846
Melbourne, VIC, by June 1849
Hobart, TAS, by June 1853
Melbourne, VIC, by April 1857


Thompson is an interesting case of a theatrical musician who, within the space of a decade, worked in four different colonial capitals. "Having served his time in the establishment of one of the first [pianoforte] makers and tuners in Britain" (as he much later advertised), Thompson was active in Sydney during 1844 as a cellist for the Philharmonic Concerts. George Coppin engaged him for Adelaide, and on his debut there in December 1846 at the New Queen's Theatre he was billed as "from the Royal Victoria Theatre, Sydney".

By June 1849 he was in Melbourne where he participated regularly in the weekly concerts, while by June 1853 he was in Hobart, playing in the theatre there as well as teaching and piano tuning. In December 1855 the Christmas pantomime Harlequin Jack and the bean stalk had "new and original music composed expressly by Mr. Thompson". He was back in Melbourne in 1857, and may possibly be the same J. C. Thompson engaged as a pianist as late as 1873.


[Advertisement], The Australian (25 May 1844), 2

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 May 1844), 3

"THIRD PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", The Australian (12 June 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1844), 1

"NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE", South Australian (1 December 1846), 4

"THE THEATRE", South Australian (4 December 1846), 6

"NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE", South Australian (15 December 1846), 5

"NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE", South Australian (19 January 1847), 4

[News], South Australian (10 March 1848), 2

"THE CONCERTS", The Argus (15 June 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 January 1850), 3

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (18 December 1851), 3

"THURSDAY'S CONCERT", The Argus (7 April 1852), 4

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (6 May 1852), 5

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (27 May 1852), 5

"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (29 July 1852), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (7 June 1853), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier (2 July 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (20 July 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 December 1854), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier (22 December 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 April 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 May 1873), 8


Bandsman (Band of the 11th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854

See also Band of the 11th Regiment


"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1854), 5

William Thompson, bandsman of the 11th Regiment, deposed that at nearly four o'clock on the morning of Tuesday, the 19th instant, he and the Sergeant of the band were returning to the barracks from the Madras ball, and had arrived as far as the Darlinghurst Gaol, when he saw a lady and a gentleman in a gig standing near the Church of the Sacred Heart ...


Cornet player, bandmaster, sergeant of the band (Brigade Band)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1860s (? William THOMPSON above)

THOMPSON, William (junior)

Cornet player


[Advertisement], "YOUNGE'S ATHENAEUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 September 1865), 1 

"CONCERT AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 August 1869), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1869), 8

"MASTER THOMPSON'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 February 1870), 5

"MASTER WILLY THOMPSON'S BENEFIT", Empire (1 February 1870), 2

Master Willy Thompson's cornet playing must be heard to be appreciated; it is surprising what a beautiful tone he brings out. He has been taught by a very good master, his father, Mr. W. Thompson, who has for many years been engaged at the Prince of Wales Theatre. The duet for the two cornets created a furore.

"BRIGADE PICNIC", Evening News (22 January 1875), 2 


Violinist, bandmaster (Melbourne Teetotal Band)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1847


"NEW TEETOTAL BAND", The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (11 February 1847), 2 

... a new band, composed of wind and stringed instruments, had been formed in this town, called the Australia Felix Teetotal Society's Band ... Mr. W. W. S. Thompson, a highly talented violinist, has been appointed master of the band, which already numbers among its members, several of considerable ability ...

"The Teetotal Band", The Melbourne Argus (23 March 1847), 2

The band which has recently been formed in connexion with the Australia Felix Total Abstinence Society, and which appears to have attracted some notice, played for the first time before the public on Friday evening, March 12 ... The following are some of the tunes played on the occasion, viz. - Calcutta, Rosseau's Dream, Melbourne Quickstep, Green grow the Rashes, Birks of Invermay, Roy's Wife, Temperance Quickstep, and the National Anthem ... in a manner that reflects the highest credit both upon the members and upon the leader, Mr. Thompson.


Amateur bass vocalist, guitarist

Active Sydney, 1839


"An amateur singer (Mr. Thompson) accompanied himself on the guitar, and excelled greatly in the song, What is the Spell?, but the cracked instrument he played on was ill adapted to a pleasingly soft bass voice."


"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (4 October 1839), 2

"Mr. Deane's Soiree", The Australian (3 October 1839), 2

"News of the Day", The Sydney Monitor (11 October 1839), 2




Active Sydney ?; Tasmania , 1844-45


Probably daughter of the actress Mrs. J. Thomson, Jane Thomson made her theatrical debut in the Masonic Bespeak at Hobart Theatre in September 1844. In later appearances she danced "A NEW SCOTCH PAS SEUL", and "the favourite WREATH DANCE". She took her benefit in February 1845, and made her first appearance in Launceston in March. Eliza Thomson made her theatrical debut as a "danseuse" in February 1845.


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (10 September 1844), 1

"THE THEATRE: MASONIC BESPEAK", Colonial Times (17 September 1844), 3

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (24 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (22 October 1844), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (3 December 1844), 4

"MR. JONES'S BENEFIT", Colonial Times (8 February 1845), 3

"VICTORIA THEATRE", Colonial Times (15 February 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1845), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (21 July 1845), 1

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1932), 6

THEATRE ROYAL, HOBART ... [letter from J.V.W.] ... It was built by Mr. Degraves, founder of the Cascade Brewery of Hobart, and was opened in 1833 ... as the Victoria Theatre with a drama "God Speed the Plough." Its next door neighbour was the Shakespeare Inn, kept by Megson, a celebrated violinist of his day. The foundations are enormously heavy, and there are a lot of tiny cell-like rooms, that reach out under the stalls, some of which have been bricked up of recent years. One of the early lessees, Mrs. Clark, ran a stock company there, largely formed of relatives, who lived there. One of her dancing prodigies was young Clara Thompson, afterwards Mrs. Henry Bracy ...

Recte, this is an interesting surmise in its own right; but this was certainly not Clara THOMPSON, rather one or other of these Misses THOMPSON

THOMSON, James Alexander

Music publisher and printer, convict, architect

Born Haddington, Scotland, 1805
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) 14 December 1825 (convict per Medway)
Died Scotland, 15 September 1860 (NLA persistent identifier)


A pardoned convict, architect, and surveyor, who in 1843 designed Hobart's St. Joseph's Church (1841-3) and the Synagogue (1843-5), Thomson served alongside Joseph Reichenberg, Edmund Leffler, and Frank Howson on the organising committee for a St. Cecilia's Day Grand Oratorio at St. Joseph's Catholic Church, directed by John Howson, in November 1842.

He engaged the newly arrived lithographer Thomas Bluett in July 1843, and in the same month issued his only known musical print, John Howson's first set of Tasmanian waltzes. Since he and John Howson were also active members of the same masonic lodge (and involved in presenting a Masonic Bespeak at the theatre in 1843) they may have been particular friends. Having long since settled permanently in Tasmania, he died in Scotland in 1860 on what was to have been only a return visit.


[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (14 October 1836), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (15 November 1842), 1

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSIC", Colonial Times (18 July 1843), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (21 July 1843), 1

"THE JEW'S SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (15 August 1843), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (2 May 1843), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Harley Preston, Thomson, James Alexander, Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)


Amateur composer, mayor of Sydney (1857), composer of the "Cornstalk polka"

Born Sydney, NSW, 23 December 1819
Died Parramatta, NSW, 23 November 1901 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mayor George Thornton's only surviving composition, the Cornstalk polka, originally introduced at the 1857 Mayoral Ball, went through many reprintings in its piano arrangement, and was still being played by bands into the 1880s. On its second hearing at the Citizens' Return Ball in October 1857, by the Band of the 77th Regiment under bandmaster Pompeo Cavallini, the Herald reported:

The musical programme included the Cornstalk Polka, composed by the Mayor, and played at his ball, but which had been re-arranged for the band of the 77th, and was last evening played by them with very pleasing effect.


The cornstalk polka (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857])

The cornstalk polka ("New edition": Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1862], also in Clarke's The Australian musical album for 1863)


"MAYOR'S BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 September 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 September 1857), 5

"CITIZEN'S RETURN BALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1857), 5

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (29 October 1857), 4

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 September 1862), 5

The Brisbane Courier (13 June 1906), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Rutledge, Thornton, George (1819-1901), Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Terri McCormack, Thornton, George, Dictionary of Sydney (2011)

THRELKELD, Lancelot Edward

Collector and recorder of Indigenous songs, languages, and culture; songwriter, missionary

Born London, England, 20 October 1788
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 1817 (en route for the Society Islands)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 1824
Died Sydney, NSW, 10 October 1859, aged 71 (NLA persistent identifier)



When the words of Two Australian Aboriginal songs, taken down by Threlkeld, were printed in The Sydney Gazette, without translation, the editor's intention was all too apparently to ridicule them as gibberish. Threlkeld continued his work despite such skepticism, notably producing an Australian Grammar, in which, concerning Nung-ngun ("A Song"), he wrote (90)

There are poets among them who compose songs which are sung and danced to by their own tribes in the first place; after which other tribes learn the song and dance which passes from tribe to tribe throughout the country, until from change of dialect not one of the original words remain.

And in the 1835 Annual Report of his mission at Lake Macquarie, he observed:

Several of the blacks belonging to this district, headed by M'Gill, are travelling to Windsor, Parramatta, and Sydney, in order to teach other tribes a new song and dance, which have lately been brought from the regions far beyond Liverpool Plains, where my son has ascertained that the song exists, though the dialect is different to that used in these parts on the sea coast. It is not discouraging to reflect, that when "Knowledge shall increase among these tribes", then the same custom which promulgates the new song will convey throughout Australia "the glad tidings" of a Saviour, Christ the Lord.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 August 1817), 4

"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 October 1824), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 October 1824), 2

... the Rev. Mr. THRELKELD, of the London Missionary Society, lately from the South-sea Islands, is on the eve of departing for Moreton-bay, in order to attempt reaching the understanding of that fine race of aborigines, in that quarter, through their own language, which Mr. Threlkeld is determined on acquiring, if within the compass of possibility. This attempt has not yet been made ...

"POETRY: AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL SONG", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 January 1826), 4

"MISSION TO THE ABORIGINES", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 July 1836), 2

"MISSION TO THE ABORIGINES", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 July 1836), 2

The Perth Gazette (3 December 1836), 810

"AN AUSTRALIAN ANTHEM", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1851) 3

"DEATHS", Empire (11 October 1859), 1

"THE REV. L. E. THRELKELD", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 October 1859), 4


Specimens of a dialect of the languages of the Aborigines of New South Wales (Sydney, 1827)

A statement chiefly relating to the formation and abandonment of a mission to the Aborigines of New South Wales (Sydney: Government Printer, 1828)

An Australian grammar (comprehending the principles and natural rules of the language, as spoken by the Aborigines in the vicinity of Hunter's River, Lake Macquarie) (Sydney: Stephens and Stokes, 1834)

An Australian spelling book (in the language as spoken by the Aborigines in the vicinity of Hunter's River, Lake Macquarie, New South Wales) (Sydney: Stephens and Stokes, 1836)

A key to the structure of the Aboriginal language (Sydney: Kemp and Fairfax, 1850)

An Australian anthem (tune: "Rule Britannia"; [Sydney: ? 1850])

An Australian language, as spoken by the Awabakal, the people of Awaba or Lake Macquarie (near Newcastle, New South Wales: being an account of their language, traditions, and customs; re-arranged, condensed and edited, with an appendix by John Fraser (Sydney: Charles Potter, Govt. Printer, 1892)

Bibliogarphy and resources:

Niel Gunson, Threlkeld, Lancelot (1788-1859), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Niel Gunson (ed.), Australian reminiscences & papers of L. E. Threlkeld, missionary to the Aborigines, 1824-1859 (Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 1974)

THURLOW, Charles Alston

Amateur violoncellist

Active Adelaide, by 1850
Died Sydney, 28 March 1881, aged 67


[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (24 January 1851), 3

"POSTAGE RATES. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (28 January 1854), 3

"DIGGERS' LETTERS. To the Editor", The Argus (1 March 1853), 5

"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1881), 7

TIBBEY, Charles J.

Amateur vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840s
Died St. Leonards, NSW, 31 March 1873, aged 69

TIBBEY, Master

Boy vocalist (Australian Philharmonic Concerts)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1844


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1844), 3


"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1846), 3


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1873), 1

TIBBS, Andrew

Bandsman (48th Regiment)

Regiment's tour of duty in NSW, 1817-1824

See also Band of the 48th Regiment


On 14 June 1818 Tibbs was given 14 days solitary for "Refusing to go to Practice when ordered by the Drum Major".

Bibliography and resources:

Clem Sargent, The colonial garrison 1817-1824: the 48th Foot, the Northhamptonshire Regiment in the colony of New South Wales (Canberra: TCS Publications, 1996) 

Clem Sargent, "The British garrison in Australia 1788-1841: conditions of service soldiers", The Free Library (1 September 2002), British garrison in Australia 1788-1841: conditions of service...-a092202202


Bandmaster, plasterer

Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), mid 1840s


Musician, bandmaster, organist (St. James's Church, Melbourne)

Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 1840s


Sources mention both a George and a John Tickle, and some appear to confuse the two. A NSW convict, George Tickell, was reported in Port Phillip region briefly in 1839-40. Finn's account in 1888 is probably correct in reporting that John was leader of the Temperance Band before he "became unsteady". John and his wife became notorious alcoholics; however, John's association with St. James's, as organist, may have continued later than the 1853 report suggests, as their daughter Elizabeth was baptised at St. James in December 1847.


"INFORMATIONS", The Argus (4 August 1849), 2

"MAINTENANCE", The Argus (9 May 1851), 2

"DRUNKARDS", The Argus (31 August 1852), 3

"AWFUL EFFECTS OF INTEMPERANCE", The Argus (22 July 1853), 5

In the first settlement of this city, John Tickle was a respected and respectable member of the little community. He then owned considerable property in Stephen-street and other parts of the city ... He was organist of St. James's, and was then cheerfully received into the first society in the place. About twelve years since he became intemperate. From that time his career has been downward ... This, a few years since, drove his previously respectable wife to intemperate habits also. For some two or three years past they have both been known to the authorities as habitual drunkards, and have for some time past, with their four young children, inhabited a most miserable hovel on the northern side of Collingwood flats; existing there in the greatest wretchedness ...


"Garryowen" (Finn) 1888, 1, 487, 489

"Garryowen" (Finn) 1888, 2, 575, 982 (DIGITISED)

... Associations for the promotion of Temperance were formed early in Melbourne ... land was purchased in Russell Street ... and a comfortable Hall erected, in which meetings were held. As it was found advisable to provide attractions for the meetings, a band of music was formed in 1847, which numbered over twenty performers, and have great satisfaction on its first public appearance. On each Tuesday evening, when the public meeting took place, the band paraded the streets for upwards of an hour, and attracted an audience which more than filled the hall ... The members of the band were unselfish, and gave the proceeds of their services to the Society for the purchase of new instruments and towards defraying the debt on the hall. After a time, as Bandmaster Tickle became unsteady, an old Peninsular veteran named McKee supplied his place until 1849, when the Messrs. Hore arrived in the colony. They were the first to introduce saxe-horns here. They formed a quartette, consisting of P. Hore, first horn; J. Hore, second; S. Hore, tenor; and R. Hore, Senr., bass. (539) ... In the olden times the annual reaces on the metropolitan course took place in the month of March ... the steamer 'Aphrasia', which traded to Geelong, was laid on for the racecourse direct; and, as the Town Band was announced to play on board, this was an additional attraction to lovers of music ... Casting off her moorings, she steamed down the Yarra, and with Tickell's band playing in fine style, "In Days when we went Gypsying, a long time ago" ... the band playing dance and other music to the satisfaction of the passengers. We were landed on the east bank of the river, on the site selected as the racecourse ... The band, transferred from the steamer, was perched on a platform erected in one of the booths - a capital draw - for there was sure to be there a constant through changing crowd to listen to the music ... On the return trip the 'Aphrasia' was crowded with passengers, the band giving them 'The Lass of Richmond Hill', 'The Light of Other Days is Faded', 'The Sea', 'Rory O'More', and other tunes in favour with the public then (981-82) ...

W. A. Sanderson, "Mr. John Waugh's reminiscences of early Melbourne", The Victorian Historical Magazine 15/1 (December 1933), 1-18, esp. 14

In 1846, a band was formed in connection with the Russell Street Temperance Society, under the leadership of Mr. George Tickell, in which Mr. [John] Waugh himself played the clarionet. This band gave weekly performances on the Flagstaff Hill.

R. M. McGowan, "Ta-Ra-Ra-Boom!", The Argus (8 December 1950), 23 weekend supplement

THE LOVE of the people of Melbourne for music goes back to our very early beginnings. With comparatively trained talent, we seem to have recognised our need for music, and the need to express ourselves in music. There was, of course, a little music played in the homes of those who could afford the rare luxury of a piano sent out from home. There were occasional musical soirees and domestic recitals; later there were concerts and visiting artists. Meanwhile, it was in response to a demand for more public music, at least some public music, in the now three year old settlement that our first Town Band was formed. It was on Christmas Eve, 1839, and it first made its appearance performing for a considerable crowd in front of the Golden Fleece Hotel in Bourke street. Led by George Tickell, a plasterer by trade, but also a versatile musician, the band numbered twelve members, including "Black Bill," the drumer, who, we are told, was noted for his good temper and vigor of playing. Leaving the Golden Fleece and accompanied by a host of bystanders, they then marched up Bourke street to the "stirring notes" of "Rory O'More," and along William street to Lonsdale, "which was the aristocrat part of the town." A cask of wine generously sent out to the crowd by Mr. Carrington enabled them to celebrate Christmas in truly traditional style. What became of this Melbourne Town Band it is hard to discover. Nearly a year later, however, a little advertisement appeared in the "Patriot":

"The Melbourne Amateur Concert Quadrille Band, who have lately had the honour of playing to the elite of fashion ... respectfully inform the public that they continue to practice (sic) and will endeavour to promote harmony in every shape.''

A postscript indicates that lessons will be given in the violin, violoncello, serpent, trombone, clarinet, flute, French horn, key bugle, bassoon, &c. In 1842, a second Town Band was formed of twelve to fifteen members, under the leadership of Mr. Middlemiss, and somewhere about the same time, the Father Matthews' Total Abstinence Society organised a band of more than twenty players. The prominence of the Total Abstinence Society in Melbourne's early public life comes as a surprise to a Melbournite of 1950. In 1846, yet another band was formed, under the leadership of John Tickell. Among the State Archives at the Public Library of Victoria now lies a little old exercise book, which was kept as the Minute Book of this Teetotal Band during 1846-47. It was given to the State for permanent preservation by Mr. R. W. Jones, grandson of Robert Knox, the band's secretary. According to the Rules and Regulations, the band existed for the use of the Society for "festivals, meetings, tents, processions, &c," but with the permission of the committee, it could also be used for the functions of other bodies. For the first year, they were to meet twice a week "for practice and improvement." Absence or arriving more than half an hour late involved a penalty of a sixpenny fine; absence from six consecutive meetings, the threat of expulsion and forfeit of their ten shillings deposit. The only excuses acceptable were either illness or absence from town - and even this latter was subsequently crossed out! Perhaps it was their Sunday afternoon band recitals in the gardens on Flagstaff Hill that sowed the seed of a tradition that has flowered in Melbourne's afternoons of "Music For The People."

Other sources:

Personal reminiscences of John Waugh (MS)

TILLY, George

Violoncellist, vocalist, conductor

Active Adelaide, 1850s-60s


"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (24 May 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

"SALISBURY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 October 1859), 3

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (20 March 1862), 2

"PORT ADELAIDE SACRED CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (2 July 1863), 2

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", South Australian Register (17 September 1869), 2

TINGCOMBE, Henry (The Reverend)

Church musician, Indigenous song recorder, Monaro district

Born Devonshire, England, 1810
Active Monaro district, probably c.1836-38
Died Balmain, NSW, 23 July 1874, aged 63 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Henry Tingcombe, rector of Camden, 1858 to 1872; Camden Library Service and Camden Historical Society 


Isaac Nathan credited Henry Tingcombe with supplying him with the words and melodies of two traditional songs of the Monaro people, Koorinda Braia, and Wargoonda minyarrah. Further to Lhotsky's published A song of the women of the Menero tribe, Tingcombe may also have supplied Nathan with additional information leading to his revision and new arrangement of that song as The Aboriginal Father.

From a merchant family, Tingcombe was based at Maitland in 1835, but in June 1836 he was listed among the Landed Proprietors in the Southern Districts", and it was probably between then and his marriage in January 1839 that he collected the melodies and words of the songs later arranged and published by Nathan. An Anglican, Tingcombe was ordained priest in March 1847, and served in Armidale, Maitland, and Camden. His 1855 letter on church music, and his attempts to form a choir, attest to his musical knowledge and interests.


"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 January 1839), 3

MARRIED, On Wednesday, the 9th instant, at St. John's Church, Parramatta, by the Rev. H. H. Bobart, Henry Tingcombe Esq. to Caroline Flora, eldest daughter of the late Captain McLeod, R. N. C. B.

Nathan 1848, 108 

War-goon-da Min-ya-rah is another genuine aboriginal song of the Maneroo tribe, in great request among our antipodal brethren, and is sung by them after the fashion of the Koorinda-braia, it the "Corrobories" and "Kibbaiahs." The melody which is short and simple, comprehending only four measures, but capable of producing great variety of effect, from the animated mode of the natives singing, was kindly presented to us by the Rev'd Henry Tincombe, together with the Koorinda-braia; a gentleman who resided for several years at Maneroo, where he had frequent opportunities of hearing it sung by the aborigines of that district.

Henry Tingcombe, "To the Editor", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (17 February 1855), 2 

To the Editor of the Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal. Sir - It was with some pain that I read the letter of "Observer," on the subject of Church Music which appeared in your last issue. The difficulty of forming a choir is very great; and those who attempt it are entitled to expect patience and forbearance from their brethren. That some of us are endeavouring to improve the church music it is pretty generally known, and "Observer" would have acted with more taste and propriety, had he given us the benefit of his counsel and assistance, instead of trying to magnify our defects by anonymous publication.

I should not notice his letter, but that I wish to prevent two mistakes into which he has fallen from misleading others.

The first is that the music now used is "difficult". So far from this being the case, it is easiest of all music. Doubtless if people expect to be able to sing it, without giving any time and attention to practising, they will be disappointed. The secular music cannot be performed without practice, neither can that which (though of a higher character) is in its nature more simple. The old church was written for the multitude, it was intended that all should join it. The old folks who wrote and sang, knew what they were about, perhaps better than such critics of these days; and if we may believe such writers as Isaac Walton, the people then did join with fervour and devotion in the services. The beauty of such music consists not [3] so much in the melody, which is usually extremely simple, as in the rich harmonies produced by the other parts, each part itself being easily sung by voices adapted thereto.

When therefore a chant or psalm composed for four voices, is sung without the alto and tenor parts, it sounds thin, and loses half its character, and effect. A few tenor singers we have, and one or two basses; but we must wait with patience in hopes of finding some to sing the alto, or counter tenor part.

It was with a view of training voices to take each separate part that a choral society was projected; but afterwards it was considered more desirable to set apart one night in the week for practice in the church. Accordingly each Friday night some of the congregation assemble from half-past seven until nine o'clock, and I hope that when the time of meeting is more generally known the attendance will be greater. As to difficulty, the tunes for the metrical psalms are the old English compositions with which all church-goers are familiar, set by Hullah, who has attained such celebrity in the art of "singing made easy," and no one need fear to attempt to bear a part. The chants used are published by the "Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge," in a very convenient form, which each member of the congregation can easily obtain. They are by the best masters, and of the simplest construction; but, however easy and simple, without practice was can do nothing. The only real difficulty in chanting is to find persons who can recite together, so that each voice hits the same syllable at the same time. This, without practice, cannot be attained.

So much for the first mistake. The other is the statement that there is not material for forming a choir in Bathurst. "Tell it not in Gath, publish it not," believe it not ye church people, three hundred of whom assemble each Sunday, that we have not sufficient music in our souls, and devotion in our hearts to enable us to bear our parts in the services of the sanctuary! That we have a miserable instrument is true, but we will get a better. Until the school is built, however, I was ask no one for money for this purpose - but if the congregation come forward voluntarily, one-half subscribing ten shillings and the rest five shillings each, ample funds would be provided; and, in that case, I undertake to import an organ, adapted to the size of the church, from one of the best makers in England. But though our instrument be harsh and bad, shall we say that we have not voices sufficient, both in number and power, to "make a joyful noise" in praise of Him who gave them to us? The boys, who have been disparagingly spoken of I contend have done well, but the notion that they are intended to "lead" the congregation is incorrect. They are to sing their parts, but the full choir is what we must depend on to lead the rest.

Lastly, in "Observer's" letter we may note a very sad error when he implies that persons may without impropriety come to church, and listen to the music without attempting to join in it. It is, alas! a common error, and has produced in England, as well as here, a scarcity of material for church music, and choral singing, but not such a dearth as is alleged; and I invite all my fellow churchmen and churchwomen to prove, by their attendance at the church for practice, as well as on Sundays, that we have abundance of material for a choir. They will find their reward in the pleasure by which their efforts will be attended; and our services will be less open to censure, and more worthy of Him in whose house they are offered.

I am, Sir, Your very faithful servant, HENBY TINGCOMBE. Bathurst, Feb. 15, 1855.

"THE SYDNEY MONTHLY OVERLAND MAIL", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1860), 5 

The Rev. Henry Tingcombe, Episcopalian minister at Camden, has had a purse, containing £52 7s. 6d. presented to him by his congregation aa a mark of respect, on the occasion of his approaching departure for England on account of ill health.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1874), 1 

TINGCOMBE. - July 23, the Rev. Henry Tingcombe, aged 63.

"THE REV. HENRY TINGCOMBE, FORMERLY OF ARMIDALE", The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (21 August 1874), 7 

(From, the Australian Churchman.) In our last issue, we noticed the death of this estimable clergyman, and we feel sure our readers will be glad to have a sketch of a life which was indeed an ensample to the flock.

Born in Devonshire in the year 1810, Mr. Tingcombe arrived in the colony while still a very young man, and engaged, we believe, in squatting pursuits in the district of Monaro. At this time the pastoral interest was at a low ebb, and many will remember the heavy losses of many of the squatters of that day. Mr. Tingcombe was not long afterwards employed in the Civil Service of New South Wales, and so remained for some years, when he determined to enter the Ministry, and was ordained by Bishop Broughton on the 9th March, 1846, to the cure of St. Peter's, Armidale, New England, which cure he held for a period of nearly nine years ...

Other recources:

Henry Tingcombe, A sermon preached in St. John's Church, Camden, on Sunday 28th April 1867, on the occasion of the death of James Macarthur

(Sydney: Reading and Wellbank, Printers, [1867]) 

Tingcombe diaries, State Library of New South Wales, MLMSS 7474 

A collection of 12 diaries recording Reverend Henry Tingcombe's life at Camden in 1862-70, and 1872-74.

[St John's Anglican Church, Menangle Road, Camden, organ by T. P. Bates (London) 1861, installed 1865], from Sydney Organ Journal (March 1978) 

Historic Bates organ, St. John's, Camden; demonstration by Pastór de Lasala, posted 7 April 2015 

Henry Tingcombe, Monuments Australia, posted 10 May 2015 

TISROUX, Mlle. (Mlle. J. J.; C. T. I.)

Vocalist, Teacher of Italian, French, Scotch and English Singing (from the Royal Academy, Paris)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1855-56


[Advertisement], Empire (29 December 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1856), 1

ROYAL HOTEL. - MADEMOISELLE C. T. I. TISROUX has the honour to inform the ladies and gentlemen, her friends, and the inhabitants of Sydney, that her GRAND EVENING CONCERT will take place THIS EVENING, Wednesday, 27th February, when Mademoiselle C. T. I. TISROUX will Introduce Madame Malibran's beautiful "Una Voce Poco Fa," "Do not mingle," "Katheen Mavourneen," a well known French air, " Oh, que l'amour," with her own embellishments. Mademoiselle C. T. I. Tisrou has engaged Mr. T. L VAN DE STADT, who will play " Bonheur De Se Revoir, Fantasia," for the flute, accompanied by Mrs. C. READ. Also will sing the "Marseillaise," and the celebrated singer, Miss MONTAGUE, who will make her first appearance at this concert in Sydney, will sing "Love not," and " Happy Moments." Mr. BANKS will introduce some favourite ballads. A fantasia on piano by Mm. C. READ. Tickets, 5s.; reserved seats, 7s. 6d.; to be had of Mr. Johnson, Pitt-street; Messrs. Sandon and Co. George-street; and at the Bar of the Hotel. Doors open at half-past seven, to commence at eight. Schools and children at half price.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1856), 10

TODD, Robert

Bandsman (Band of the 58th Regiment)

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1847

See also Band of the 58th Regiment


"PARRAMATTA", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1847), 3s

Robert Todd, a bandsman in the 58th regiment, deposed that he know Tatum and his wife, and had some knowledge of the deceased.


TOLHURST, George William

Professor of Music, teacher of pianoforte, composer, viola player

Born Kent, England, 1827
Arrived Melbourne, December 1852 (per Orestes)
Departed Melbourne, March 1866
Died Barnstaple, England, 18 January 1877 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Tolhurst arrived in Melbourne with his musician father (William Henry Tolhurst) in 1852. According to OCAM, he was a vocal instructor for the Denominational School Board (1854), professor of vocal music at St. Patrick's College (1859), and singing master for the National Board (Feb 1862-Oct 1863). In 1857 he advertised as music-seller and music teacher (piano, harmony and singing) and piano tuner in St. Kilda, and was active in musical and temperance circles, the printer and publisher W. H. Williams one of his amateur colleagues. Though Williams, three of his works were published in 1857 and republished in 1858.

In a lecture on music in July 1858, Tolhurst:

... dwelt pleasingly on the general influence of music-its universality and salutary effects, and gave a very interesting sketch of the history of the art, from the most ancient compositions down to the works of Spohr and Costa, illustrating the lecture with performances on the pianoforte of specimens of the styles of the great composers of all ages.

In August he advertised a course of 20 vocal music classes at the National School. In June 1864 he succeeded his friend Henry King as organist of St. James's Cathedral.

Rehearsal for his new oratorio Ruth commenced in July 1863, and it was first performed in Prahran in January 1864. The performance, conducted by his father, and was noted supportively even in London by the Musical Times, a journal later to take a dim view of the work on its London debut. A second performance of Ruth in Prahran Town Hall in March 1865 was also "most favourably received, and its effect was improved by the large additions that have been made since it's first production."

Following a farewell benefit, conducted by Charles Edward Horsley in March 1866, Tolhurst left for England where he had Ruth published. In 1868 the Argus noted the adverse reception of Ruth in England:

We have received from the composer a copy of Mr. George Tolhurst's oratorio of Ruth, a production which our readers are aware has been somewhat severely handled by the musical press of London. It is right to state, however, that the work was very favourably received by the audience which assembled to hear it; and that the metropolitan journals were not quite unanimous in condemning it, the following extract from the critique of the Morning Advertiser is sufficient to show:

"It is impossible immediately after hearing an elaborate and carefully thought-out composition like Ruth, which occupied upwards of three hours, to give any decided opinion as to the place it is likely to take in one of the highest and most classical departments of musical art, but it may be said that the ever-flowing melody which distinguished alike the choruses, the concerted pieces, and the solos, and the rich, full, and appropriate instrumental accompaniments, secured for Ruth such an enthusiastic reception as we rarely remember to have been accorded to any new work of a similar character. With respect to its originality, we are bound to say that the influence of that mightiest of musical musicians pervades the oratorio throughout. Consciously or unconsciously the composer has been under that spell, though there are portions in which a distinctive and individual inspiration is manifest, which shows that Mr. Tolhurst may aspire to produce a work which shall take even a higher stand than Ruth."

One of the earliest applications for government assistance specifically for composers was made by George Tolhurst, in 1866, seeking Victorian Government funding for lithographing his oratorio Ruth:

Offices, Custom House, Melbourne, 4th September, 1866. The Board appointed by the Governor in Council, on the 2nd October, 1865, to consider claims for rewards or premiums for the promotion of new manufactures and industries, in accordance with the Regulations submitted to Parliament on the 12th of the previous July, have the honor to submit the following Report in addition to that furnished on the 19th June last: ... No. 32. G. Tolhurst, Prahran.-Composition of the oratorio Ruth, and other works .... "Lithography of music"

Reproduced in Additional Report of Board appointed to consider claims for Rewards or Premiums for New Manufactures and Industries (Melbourne: Parliament of Victoria, 1866), reproduced in Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives of New Zealand, Volume 2 (Wellington, 1869), appendix 57-58


[Advertisement], The Argus (6 May 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 July 1857), 8


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 July 1857), 8

"MELBOURNE", The Musical Times (1 July 1858), 275, also

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", The Argus (23 July 1858), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 August 1858), 8

[Advertisement]: "THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL ANTHEM", The Argus (21 April 1859), 3

[News], The Argus (16 September 1859), 4

"THE HORTICULTURAL EXHIBITION", The Argus (10 December 1860), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 September 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 July 1863), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1864), 8

"RUTH, A NEW SACRED ORATORIO", The Argus (19 January 1864), 5

"RUTH, A NEW SACRED ORATORIO", The Argus (22 January 1864), 5

[News], The Musical Times (1 April 1864), 260

[News], The Argus (11 June 1864), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 February 1865), 8

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Argus (25 March 1865), 2s

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1866), 2

[News], The Argus (6 March 1866), 5

"ORATORIOS AND REVIEWERS", The Musical Standard (8 February 1868), 57

"MR. GEORGE TOLHURST AND RUTH. To the Editor", The Musical World (28 March 1868), 222

[News], The Argus (21 April 1868), 4

"MUSIC", Illustrated London News (19 December 1868), 591

"CHATHAM", The Musical World (11 November 1871), 726

"DISTANT MUSIC (by Henry C. Lunn, From the London Musical Times)", Dwight's Journal of Music (4 May 1872), 226-27

"Ruth. A Sacred Oratorio", The Monthly Musical Record (1 June 1872), 88

"DEATHS", The Argus (18 April 1877), 1

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (1 May 1878), 5

Musical Works:

I remember (song; words: Thomas Hood), The Journal of Australasia 2 (May 1857), 216-17 [attributed to "J. Tolhurst"]

I remember, in Williams's Musical Annual and Australian Sketchbook for 1858  (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858), 17-18

O, call it by some better name (song; words: Thomas Moore) in Williams's Musical Annual and Australian Sketchbook for 1858 (Melbourne: W.H. Williams, 1858), 28-30

God preserve our sovereign's viceroy (anonymous, but identified at Tolhurst's, Musical Times July 1858; premiered Prahran, in the presence of the Governor, February 1858) (later also republished by Joseph Wilkie)

Ruth: a sacred oratorio (London: For the Composer, [1867]) (Copy at British Library, Music Collections H.1066 [004705091]) (DIGITISED)

The post galop, The Illustrated Melbourne Post (25 June 1864)

Christmas in Australia (prize song) (words: "J. B. T."), The Illustrated Melbourne Post (24 December 1864)

Song (words: George John Pizey) documented Adelaide May 1878; probably sacred song Pray without ceasing (London: T. Broome, [1876]); copy at British Library, Music Collections H.1779.o.(21.) [004705090]

Bibliography and resources:

"Tolhurst", British musical biography (1897), 414

"Tolhurst", OCAM, 554

TOLHURST, William Henry

Viola player, conductor, composer

Born Langley, England, 23 October 1798
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, December 1852 (per Orestes)
Died Prahran, VIC, 12 March 1873, aged 74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Henry Tolhurst (1878-1814) of Langley in Kent was the earliest representative of an extended Tolhurst family of composer-musicians, which extended to his son William Henry, his sons George William and Henry (1825-1864), and most famously Henry's son Henry (1854-1939).

In England, William Henry Tolhurst founded the Sacred Harmonic Society of Maidstone. Among his notable performances in Melbourne, he conducted the first performance of George's oratorio Ruth in Prahran in January 1864, and for the Prahran and South Yarra Musical Society in February 1865, he played viola in Mozart's Trio for piano, clarinet and viola with Charles Edward Horsley and Adam Clerke.

His songThe heart that's true (words: Eliza Cook) appeared in The journal of Australasia 2 (June 1857), 273-74, and was reprinted the following year asThe heart that's true in Williams's musical annual and Australian sketchbook for 1858 (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858), 19-20 (the publisher Williams, a singer, was also a member of the Prahran and South Yarra Musical Society).

His only other documented composition was played in May 1868 at the so-called "Alfred Memorial Concert", according to the Argus:

... a march, entitled "The Manners Sutton Bridal March", by Mr. W. H. Tolhurst. The principal theme of this composition is good, but not original. The march is a stage march of the 'Blue Beard' character, and is well scored.


"DEATHS", The New Monthly Magazine (1 July 1814), 592

"MAIDSTONE", The Musical World 17 (11 August 1842), 254

Testimonial to W. H. Tolhurst, founder of the Sacred Harmonic Society of Maidstone.

[Advertisement], "Letter List. General Post Office", The Argus (20 April 1855), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 September 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1864), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 February 1865), 8

"THE ALFRED MEMORIAL CONCERT", The Argus (26 May 1868), 5

[News], The Argus (27 October 1868), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (13 March 1873), 4

Bibliography and resources:

"Tolhurst", British Musical Biography (1897), 414

TOMLIN, John Vanhear


? Active Sydney, NSW, 1859


? "DEATH", Geelong Advertiser (28 January 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1859), 1  

TOMLIN. - JOHN VANHEAR TOMLIN, Musician, is earnestly requested to communicate with his family at 39, Drummond-street, Euston-square, London, or return to England immediately, his Father having been dead nearly three years ...

TOMPSON, Charles

Songwriter ("Australasianus")

Born Sydney, NSW, 26 June 1807
Died Glebe, NSW, 5 January 1883, aged 76 (NLA persistent identifier)


Native born settler poet, Tompson's Wild notes: from the lyre of a native minstrel (Sydney: Albion Press, 1826), included his "A Song, for January 26, 1824", previously published in the Gazette in 1824 under his pen-name "Australasianus", and a song "Mira, the flower of the vale", to be sung to the air Jessie O'Dumblain.

Offering no evidence, John Maloney hazarded that Tompson also "probably" wrote the lyrics for Thomas Kavanagh's bravura song The trumpet sounds Australia's fame, as published in the Australian in July 1826.


"A SONG WRITTEN FOR THE XXVITH JANUARY LAST", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 March 1824), 4

"BLACK TOWN", The Monitor (2 June 1826), 6

"TO THE EDITOR", The Monitor (17 June 1826), 4

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (22 July 1826), 3

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 January 1883), 1

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 January 1883), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Tompson, Charles (1807-1883), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

John Neylon Maloney, The native-born: the first white Australians (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2000), 112f (PREVIEW)

TOMS, C. Reginald (Charles)

Professor of music, pianist, music teacher and examiner, composer

Born England, 19 September 1849
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by July 1872
Died Killara, NSW, 17 September 1922


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1872) 10

"MISS EMANUEL'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 February 1873), 4

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1887), 16

"Lavinia," by C. Reginald Toms (W. H. Paling and Co.), is a short piece of music, unpretentious in style, and yet of considerable merit. It has, perhaps, less of what is popularly known as "tune" than the designation on the title-page, of "Song Without Words " might lead one to expect, but the piece is none the worse on that account rather better, in fact. Now-a-days we get too much "tune without music," which is no paradox, any more than is the fact that some of the noblest compositions represent "Music Without Tune," popularly so-called. Mr. Toms' morceau makes higher appeal than, what mere tunefulness can ever attain to. It is well written, and contains not a few progressions which are refreshingly unconventional; while there is a vein of tender sadness pervading the whole that portrays a "sweet sorrow" such us many temperaments love to indulge in. The piece is excellently printed, bearing every evidence of European craft, and is, in every way, a great improvement on the usual colonial style of manu-lithographic music printing.

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1888), 4

"PROFESSOR OF MUSIC", Warwick Argus (20 January 1894), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1922), 8

"MR. C. REGINALD TOMS. MUSICIAN'S DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1922), 8

Musical works:

Veronica (3rd song without words for pianoforte by C. Reginald Toms) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [??]

Two other "songs without words", Lavinia (1887; named after his wife) and Ada (1888).


Music saloon proprietor, publican

Active Sydney, NSW, 1860


Sydney publican Alfred Toogood ran a "music saloon" at his Rainbow Tavern, at the corner of King and Pitt Streets, in which violinist George Peck was advertised to appear in April 1860. Later that year he was fined 10 shilling "for allowing music in his house, not having obtained permission".


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1860), 1

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1860), 8

TORNING, Andrew (NLA persistent identifier)



TORRANCE, George William

Organist, composer, transcriber of Indigenous songs, Anglican priest

Born Rathmines, Dublin, 25 July 1835
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 15 December 1869 (per Thomas Stephens)
Departed October 1897
Died Kilkenney, Ireland, 20 August 1907 (NLA persistent identifier)


Torrance received a degree of Doctor of Music (ad eundum) by the University of Melbourne in 1879, the first it had awarded. Torrance presented a concert of his music in March 1881, followed by his new oratorio The Revelation, or, Vision of St. John in the isle of Patmos ("composed beneath the Southern Cross-many of the themes having been jotted down during a summer walking tour in the Australian bush"), first performed in Melbourne Town Hall on 27 June 1882 (Nos 11, 27, and 29 were added to the score later). He was a mentor of the young Melbourne pianist Ernest Hutcheson, and in 1887, in association with A. W. Howitt published both verbal and musical transcription of a number of Indigenous songs. In 1888, Torrance together with Plumpton, Hazon and Zelman formed the jury that selected the H. J. King's entry for the Centennial Cantata contest.


Birth record:

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (16 December 1869), 4

[News], The Argus (17 December 1869), 5


"THE TOWN-HALL. DR. TORRANCE'S MUSIC", The Argus (1 March 1881), 7

"THE NEW ORATORIO. THE REVELATION", The Argus (28 June 1882), 9

[News], The Argus (21 April 1888), 11

"ERNEST HUTCHESON", The Argus (9 June 1888), 6

"MUSIC REVIEW", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (1 January 1890), 14

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 October 1897), 9


"DEATHS", The Argus (23 August 1907), 1

"DR. AND MRS. TORRANCE. THEIR DEATH IN IRELAND", The Argus (27 August 1907), 5


The Melbourne Exhibition march (as adopted by the ceremonial committee) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., 1880?)

A matin song (words: P. Moloney; composed for, sung and sold at Ye Olde English Fayre, Melbourne, December 1881) ([Melbourne]: W. H. Glen & Co., [1881])

The land beyond the sea (sacred song) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1893]

Music of the Australian Aboriginals (Kurburu's Song; Wenberi's Song; Corroboree Song), The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Society 16/3 (1886), 335; reprinted in A. W. Howitt, Native Tribes of South-East Australia (London: 1904)

Bibliography and resources:

Robin S. Stevens, "Torrance, George William (1853-1907)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)


Agent, travelling musician (Totten's Harmoneons)

Active Australia, 1852-61


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 November 1852), 1

"ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", The Courier (9 February 1853), 2

"CUSTOMS CHARGES. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (5 September 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 May 1861), 8

TOURRIER, Theodore John

Composer, music teacher

Active Victoria, by 1881


[News]. The Gippsland Times (14 March 1881), 3

"SANDHURST LIEDERTAFEL", Bendigo Advertiser (3 September 1885), 3

"EXHIBITION CANTATA. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (14 March 1888), 13

Musical works:

Australia (National Song)  (? composed [1885]; published: Sydney: J. Albert & Son, [after 1900])

Thora's song (words: Adam Lindsay Gordon), The Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (9 November 1889), 12-13

Those happy days (song: words: Albert G. Dawes) (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1889])

A pamphlet on music teaching and learning (pianoforte and singing) by T. John Tourrier (Melbourne: A.H. Massina, [189-?])

TOWERS, Frederick

Pianist ("The Australian Thalberg")

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1865


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 November 1865), 8

[News], The Argus (4 December 1865), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1865), 8

TOWNSEND, Joseph Phipps

Traveller, writer, transcriber of Indigenous song

Born UK, 1812
Australia 1842-46
Died UK, 1888 (NLA persistent identifier)


Townsend travelled country NSW, from Ulladulla to the Illawarra, and his Rambles and observations (1849) includes several observations of native song. Not always a sympathetic observer, he borrowed a couplet from Ford: "When they joined in doleful chorus,/How these happy blacks did bore us" (90), yet admitted at the same time that one of his most admired native guides, "Jimmy Woodbury" was "a great man at corrobbories ... and I know that he has walked fifty miles, in one day, in order to join in a dance at night (89, also 97). Townsend also noted: "When our blacks visited Sydney, and saw the military paraded, and heard the bands, they said that was 'white fellow' corrobbory'...". Also: "Their own songs are monotonous, and consist of the frequent repetition of a few words, such as, 'Water, water, where is water? There is water, welling out of the ground'; but this, of course, is sung in their own dialect. They have their bards or rhymers, who compose their songs; and, when a new song is produced, it passes quickly from tribe to tribe" (100). He also printed An Aboriginal Chant (In New South Wales), in Rambles and Observations, 91.


Joseph Phipps Townsend, Rambles and Observations in New South Wales with sketches of men and manners, notices of the Aborigines and glimpses of scenery, and some hints to emigrants (London: Chapman and Hall, 1849)

"REVIEW (From the Colonial Magazine for June)", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1849), 3-4

Joseph Phipps Townsend papers, 21 July 1846-24 September 1862 (SL-NSW MLMSS 1461)

TOWSEY, Arthur John

Born Henley-on-Thames, England, June 1847
Arrived Dunedin, NZ, 1865
First visited Australia, ? June 1866
Died Cambridge, NZ, June 1931


1872-01-19: An offer has been made to the Corporation by Mr. Arthur J. Towsey, of New Zealand, to fill the post of organist to the Town Hall organ. He describes himself as having been for six years a pupil of Sir F. A. Gore Ousely's, and accustomed to play on first-class instruments. The terms are to be made a subject for arrangement if the offer is entertained. Some progress has been made in the erection of the organ, but it is evident that another Christmas will have drawn near before the instrument can be played upon in public.

1888-10-04: The following selections will be played on the grand organ in the Town hall, this afternoon, by Mr. Arthur Towsey, of Christchurch, New Zealand, at 4 o'clock: - 1. Offertoire in B major (Wely); 2. Selection, "Water Music" (Handel); 3 (a) Andante violiu concerto (Mendelssohn); (b) Adagio and andante (Giornovichi); 4 Toccata and fugue dmi (Bach); 5 (a) Minuet and trio (Calkin) (b) Pastorale, 8th concerto (Corelli); 6 Offertoire in F major (Batiste); Finale, National Anthem.

1888-10-06: MUSIC AT THE EXHIBITION. ORGAN RECITAL. In the afternoon of yesterday there was a numerous but shifting attendance of the public at the organ recital given at the great organ in the music-room at the Exhibition, under the hands of Mr Arthur Towsey, from Christchurch, New Zealand. The selections with one exception, were the same as given at Mr. Towsey's performance on the Town-hall organ on Thursday afternoon, and need no further comment than that the player's method met with general approval.

1931-06-10: DEATH OF MR. A. TOWSEY. CHOIRMASTER AT NINETEEN. FOUNDER OF AUCKLAND CHOIR. Well known as an organist, and choirmaster in the Dominion for over 65 years, Mr. Arthur Towsey died at Cambridge yesterday at the age of 86. At a very early age, Mr. Towsey showed exceptional talent as a musician and was appointed organist and choirmaster of St. Paul's Cathedral, Dunedin, when he was only 19 years old, coming from England to occupy the post. Born at Henley-on-Thames, Mr. Towsey soon showed remarkable talent for music and at the age of seven years began the study of the pianoforte, his teacher being the organist of the Henley parish church. Two years later he was awarded a scholarship in singing at a college in Worcestershire [St. Michael's Tenbury], where his tutors included such eminent musicians as Sir F. A. Gore Ouseley, the director of the college, under whom he studied singing and harmony, and Sir John Stainer and Mr. Langdon Colledge, who were his teachers for the pianoforte and organ. With his arrival at Dunedin in 1865, Mr Towsey was engaged in professional practice in addition to his duties as organist and choirmaster at St. Paul's Cathedral. In 1878 he obtained leave of absence and returned to England for two years' further study under notable men. During that period he gave daily organ recitals at the Alexandra Palace in place of Mr. Frederick Archer. He frequently played at the week-day services at St. Paul's Cathedral, London, for Sir John Stainer. Returning to the Dominion in 1880, Mr. Towsey continued his duties at the cathedral before accepting a similar appointment three years later at Christchurch, where he was also conductor of the three musical societies. During a visit to Melbourne in 1888 he gave organ recitals at the exhibition held there during that year. Returning to his former position in Dunedin, when he came back from Melbourne in 1889, Mr. Towsey was musical director of the New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition held in that year. Having refused an appointment in Melbourne for health reasons, Mr. Towsey came to Auckland in 1891 to accept the position of organist of St. Matthew's Church, which he occupied for about ten years. At the same time he was conductor of the Orchestral Union. He is perhaps best remembered in Auckland as the founder of the Auckland Liedertafel, afterwards the Auckland Male Choir and now the Royal Auckland Choir. From Auckland Mr. Towsey removed to Wanganui, to another church appointment, finally taking up his residence at Cambridge. Although he had retired from professional life he still continued his musical activities as organist and choirmaster of the Presbyterian Church there. Mr. Towsey is survived by his daughter, Mrs. J. Monfries, with whom he lived at Cambridge, and Mr. Cyril Towsey, the well-known musician of Auckland.


"PORT OF HOBART TOWN", Launceston Examiner (16 June 1866), 2

"Melbourne Items", Alexandra Times (19 January 1872), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 October 1888), 16

[News], The Argus (4 October 1888), 9

"MUSIC AT THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (6 October 1888), 18

"MR. ARTHUR JOHN TOWSEY", Illustrated Australian News and Musical Times (9 November 1889), 9

"NOTED MUSICIAN. DEATH OF MR. A. TOWSEY", New Zealand Herald (10 June 1931), 11

"THE NEW ZEALAND EXHIBITION. THE OPENING CEREMONY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1889), 7

"NOTED MUSICIAN. MR. ARTHUR TOWSEY DEAD", Auckland Star (9 June 1931), 8 

TRACY, Charles Austin

Professor of music, organist, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1866
Died Waverley, NSW, 27 September 1896, aged 58


"CITY COURT", The Argus (5 October 1866), 7

Patrick O'Brien was charged by Charles Treacey, who said that he was a professor of music, with violently assaulting him. Both parties were connected with the choir of St. Patrick's Church, and it was from a dispute arising out of matters relative to the choir that the quarrel and assault had taken place. Defendant admitted the charge, and expressed his regret for what had occurred. He was fined 20s., and required to enter into his own recognisance in £20 to keep the peace for three months.

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (30 November 1867), 4

[Advertisement], Williamstown Chronicle (24 August 1878), 2

"CONCERT ON MONDAY NIGHT", The Maitland Mercury (27 September 1890), 4

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. C. A. TRACY", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1896), 4

The remains of the late Charles Austin Tracy (professor of music) were interred in the Waverley Cemetery yesterday afternoon in the presence of a large gathering ... The deceased had been in the colonies about 30 years, and since his arrival had been organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, for 16 years, and had also officiated as organist of the Maitland Cathedral for two years, and at the Goulburn Cathedral for two years. He had devoted most of his time to sacred music, and had composed several masses and church services, which have been sung in the various churches throughout Australia. The deceased leaves a widow and grown-up family, some of whom are filling the positions of organists in the suburban Churches.

"DEATHS", The Argus (5 October 1896), 1

Musical works:

Laudate dominum de coelis, Ps. CXLVIII (sacred chorus diversified with solos and adapted with Latin and English words, composed for the opening of organ at St. Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne, March 1880 by Charles A. Tracy (Melbourne: Fergusson & Mitchell, [1880])

Note (Randwick Catholic Parish Magazine, 2011):

Charles Austin Tracy, a professor of music, came to Australia in 1866 from Dublin, Ireland when he was appointed the first organist in the newly built St Patrick's Cathedral, Melbourne. He and Mary Shanahan (a member of the St Patrick's Choir) were married in 1867 and had seven children. Later he was organist at the Cathedrals in Goulburn and Maitland, and then settled in Waverley.


Violinist, conductor, musical director

Arrived Adelaide, SA, July 1880
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 30 May 1883 (on the Sydney, for Port Said)


"Shipping News", South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (31 July 1880), 2

"SPECIAL EXHIBITION SUPPLEMENTS", The Argus (1 October 1880), 5

Signor Ortori's concert at the Athenaeum on Wednesday night was not very well attended, but a very good musical entertainment was provided for those who were present. Some few alterations were made in the programme submitted, but they did not affect the result. The concert began with the allegro movement of Schumann's quartett in E flat, played by Messrs. Ortori, Tramaglia, Bomon, and Otto Linden. The Andante and Finale movements of the same work were given at the commencement of the second part of the programme by the same players, who were deservedly well applauded ...

"THE MUSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA", The Argus (13 December 1880), 6

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (1 June 1881), 5

The Adelaide String Quartet Club will hold the second of their popular matinees this afternoon at the Academy of Music, when no doubt another large and fashionable audience will be present. In addition to most of the performers who took part in the first concert, Mr. Stanton, the well-known pianist, will officiate on the present occasion, and the programme comprises some very choice classical selections. The principal feature is an octuor for four violins, two violas, and two violoncellos, op. 20 (Mendelssohn), by Messrs. Hall, Tramglia, Stanton, Barton, Hales, Schrader, Bomon, and Winterbottom. Messrs. Bomon and Tramaglia, of the Theatre Royal orchestra, have been specially engaged for the occasion to strengthen the company.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1881), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 March 1883), 8

[News], Bruce Herald (13 April 1883), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (31 May 1883), 4

"LATE SIGNOR PAGNOTTI", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 October 1924), 10 


Violinist, composer, double bass player

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1852; Sydney, NSW, by 1856


[Advertisement], The Argus (21 August 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 November 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 October 1854), 8

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1855), 4

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 September 1855), 5

Last evening, his Excellency the Governor-General, Lady Denison, and family, honored this Theatre with their presence on the occasion of Miss Catherine Hayes' third appearance in English opera, as Arline, in M. W. Balfe's Bohemian Girl. The house, as on the two previous evenings when this opera was produced, was crowded by thousands of delighted auditors. The band of Her Majesty's Xlth Regiment assisted on the occasion, and the national airs of England and France were performed amidst enthusiastic applause. The opera throughout was admirably sustained ... In Mr. Balfe's piquant instrumentation, the orchestra, under M. Lavenu's direction, did ample justice. The obligato accompaniments of M. Couat, violin; M. Tranter, double bass; and M. Francesco Volpi, clarionet, demand especial attention.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1856), 1

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (29 October 1857), 4

"BANQUET AT CLARKE'S ROOMS", Empire (17 March 1858), 4

The annual banquet in honour of the Patron Saint of Ireland, was held last evening at Mr. Clark's Rooms, Elizabeth-street ... The room in which the banquet was held is large and. lofty, and admirably calculated to make a first-rate dining-room for a large number of persons. At each end is stationed a gallery, the one for the musicians, the other for visitors, &c. About 220 gentlemen sat down to dinner ... An excellent band under the direction of Mr. Tranter, assisted by Mr. Wheeler, attended, and throughout the dinner played several Irish airs excellently, and they acquitted themselves no less successfully in performing the airs following each toast.

Musical works:

The Veno galop ("by W. Tranter; Dedicated to G.T. Rowe, Esq. [owner of the horse Veno] by the publisher") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857])


Crier, bell-man, convict

Born UK, c. 1772
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL, 1820 (per Guildford)
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 29 May 1842, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Trapp, John; conduct record; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1441402; CON31/1/42,190,41,F,60 (DIGITISED)

[Tickets of leave], Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (14 May 1824), 1 

[New], Colonial Times (6 June 1837), 7 

"POLICE REPORT", The Hobart Town Courier (9 June 1837), 4 

Dr. Lhotsky complained of John Trapp the crier, for that he did not cry his publication entitled "Information for the People." The worthy Dr. stated it was not only on account of the detriment which his publication had sustained by not being cried, but it was a system of deception which was likely to gain ground, if allowed to pass unnoticed; he had enquired of many "people," but none had heard of his "information" by means of the crier. The man, Trapp, however, it appears, did not keep the money he had received, but returned it as he was engaged upon more important affairs - therefore the crier was guilty of no deception; what he might have been guilty of, had he puffed this precious publication, we leave the public to judge.

"THE ELECTION", Tasmanian Weekly Dispatch (5 March 1841), 2 

In the Hobart Town Advertiser of Tuesday last there is a squib, in which the name of Mr. Daniel Muprhy, of the Court of Requests Department, is introduced as a candidate for the honor of Commissioner of Roads ... If the writer of the howdacious article in question had recommended Mr. John Trapp, of noisy notoriety, that would have been consistent, because he could have put'em all up, and the Police could have knocked 'em all down, in one lot, and "God save the Queen," and a chapter or two out of Joe Miller, would have settled the matter!

"Van Diemen's Land", Australasian Chronicle (25 January 1842), 2 

Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1842; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1184926; RGD35/1/1 no 1087 (DIGITISED)

[No] 1087 / May 29th / John Trapp / Seventy one yrs / Delerium Tremens

"VAN DIEMEN'S LAND", Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (13 June 1842), 2 

Mr. Trapp. - It is our melancholy task to record the demise of a person in this town, who has done more to promote the interchange of our commodoties than almost any other of our community. In every ease of transfer, which waited not the slow process of retail dealing, or the formality of the wholesale merchant's transactions, his voice was ever raised for the public weal. Assiduous in his duties, he did more to give publicity to the business patronised by him "for a consideration," than even our own advertising columns, aiding his constituents both by tongue and bell, and generally contriving to blend amusement and instruction with business. But alas for the fleeting nature of our enjoyments! No more shall the sonorous voice attract the crowd of urchins, anxious for the appenrance of the good natured old man. No more shall the truant school boy look forward to his assistance in the translation of his neglected Greek or Latin task, as a means of escaping the infliction of the birch from his deceived pedagogue. His bell is cracked, his clapper at rest, his locomotive and stentorian powers exhausted, and Mr. Trapp, our ancient bell-man, has, we trust, exchanged the music of his own creation, for a more, melodious and abiding occupation. "Requiescal in pace." - Hobart Town Advertiser, June 3.


Tenor vocalist (Lyster opera company)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Died Manly Beach, Sydney, NSW, 15 June 1866, aged 37


According to Fred Lyster (1882), who had himself been in the navy for three years, Trevor had been "third mate of an Indiaman before he forsook the quarter-deck for the stage". He appeared with the Lyster company in America in 1858-59, and by the time it reached Australia was secondo tenore to Henry Squires. He toured Australia and New Zealand with the company, and was still performing in mid-1865, but died after a long illness in mid-1866.


"PHILADELPHIA. Drese's National Theatre", Dwight's Music Journal (11 July 1857), 119

[Advertisement], Daily Alta California (25 May 1859), 2

? "ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1851), 2

[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

[News], The Argus (22 April 1861), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1865) 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1866), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1866), 4

Fred Lyster, "How an opera company worked its passage", The New York Mirror: a reflex of the dramatic events of the week (23 December 1882), 1


Professor of Music, violinist, pianist, conductor

Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1858
Died Ballarat, VIC, 15 March 1898, aged 75


[Advertisement], The Star (15 October 1858), 3

"DINNER TO HENRY S. LEAKE", The Star (19 July 1861), 1s

"FIRE IN THE MELBOURNE ROAD", The Star (11 November 1862), 1s

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (6 January 1864), 2

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (18 June 1864), 2

[News], The Ballarat Star (16 March 1898), 2 

"BALLARAT", The Argus (16 March 1898), 6

TRIGG, Henry

Promoter of congregational church singing

Active Perth, WA, 1836 (NLA persistent identifier)


"CHURCH SINGING", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (15 October 1836), 781

"To the Editor", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (22 October 1836), 785 

To the Editor of The Perth Gazette. Sir, - Observing in your last week's Paper, a paragraph on Church-singing, in which my name is mentioned, I shall feel obliged if you will return my thanks to " A Churchman" for the credit he has given me in endeavouring to promote the same, and to assure him no one regrets its discontinuance more than myself, but singing Sunday after Sunday, almost alone, against rush walls, I found to be a very unpleasant task, and, concluding it was a matter in which very few felt any interest, I of course declined it. The only parties I ever heard express a like or dislike during my long attempt to establish it, was the Rev. Mr. Wittenoom, and, I think, three others, except those who at times kindly assisted. I beg to say, that the Rev. Gentleman always seemed to feel a pleasure in sending books, or giving anything to promote it', and frequently expressed the pleasure he felt in that part of the service ...



Active Perth, 1845
Died Perth, WA, 5 June 1912, aged 88


"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

The next was an exquisite air, and trio, of Fitzpatrick, "Father of Mercy", very beautifully sung by Mrs. Maycock, Miss A. Trigg, and Mr. G. Nash ... the fine bass of Mr. Nash rendered the harmony complete, and left nothing for the most critical ear to cavil at.

"Arrival of the Mail Steamer Shanghai", Inquirer (25 May 1853), 1s

"Death of an Old Colonist", Western Mail (8 June 1912), 25 

The death of a very old colonist, in the person of Mrs. Amelia Devenish, occurred at her residence on Wednesday of last week. The deceased, who was 88 years of age, arrived at Fremantle from London, with her mother, the late Mrs. Amelia Trigg, in the ship Egyptian, in the year 1831, after a voyage lasting four months, and had resided in Perth ever since. When she arrived the population of Perth was about 200, and Governor Stirling resided in a tent at Garden Island. Her father, the late Mr. Henry Trigg, built the first Government residence, which now stands in the Government Domain, and is used as stables. She will be remembered as one of the first workers for the Independent Church and School, and took part in the first performance of sacred music at St. George's Church, on May 7, 1845, in aid of the funds for the purchase of an organ for the church. She leaves a grown-up family of six sons. The funeral took place on Thursday afternoon in the Congregational Cemetery, East Perth, and was representatively attended, the Rev. B. C. Wieland conducting the burial service. The re- mains were laid in the family vault beside those of her father and mother, who pre-deceased her 30 years ago. The chief mourners were Messrs. Henry William, Stephen Baldwin, and Arthur Devenish (sons), Miss Ruth Devenish (grand-daughter), and Messrs. Ralph, Sydney, Roy, and Harold Devenish (grandsons). The pall bearers were Mr. Geo. Randell, Mr. W. G. Johnston, Mr. W. Padbury, and Mr. E. Snook. The funeral arrangements were in the hands of Messrs. Bowra and O'Dea.

TRISTRAM, John William

Amateur musician, composer

Born Gillingham, Kent, England, 7 October 1870
Arrived Australia, c.1880
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 19 August 1938


"MR. J. W. TRISTRAM", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1938), 5

Mr. John W. Tristram, the well-known artist, died last Thursday at the age of 67. Mr. Tristram, who was born at Old Brompton Castle, in Kent, arrived in Sydney when he was 10 years old. He entered the Education Department as an architectural draughtsman, being the last man to enter the service by warrant under Governor Loftus, and he remained in the service for 45 years. He retired a few years ago. Among the buildings erected under his supervision are the Sydney Conservatorium and the Armidale Public School. Apart from his skill as a water colourist, Mr. Tristram was a gifted musician, though he never published any of his compositions.

Bibliography and resources

"Tristram, John William (1870-1938)", Obituaries Australia

TROEDEL, Charles (Johannes Theodor Charles TROEDEL)

Music lithographer, printer, and publisher

Born Hamburg, Germany, 1836
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, Active Melbourne, 5 February 1860 (passenger on the Great Britain)
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 31 October 1906, aged 71 (NLA persistent identifier)



[Advertisement], The Argus (21 July 1863), 7

"POLICE. CITY COURT", The Argus (29 December 1863), 6

[News], The Argus (27 June 1867), 5

"DUKE OF EDINBURGH WALTZ", South Australian Register (5 November 1867), 2

[News], The Argus (26 June 1869), 5

Last evening a very graceful tribute was paid to Mr. Charles Troedel, the well-known lithographer, on the occasion of his marriage-eve, by his fellow members of the German Liedertafel. Under the leadership of their conductor, Herr Sprinckhorn, the association assembled before Mr. Troedel's residence, in Russell-street, and serenaded him in the good old style of the fatherland. The pieces sung were Spohr's Polterabend or nuptial song, a serenade by Hennerberg, and Schaffer's Liedertafel polka. The effect of the music as sung under the quiet moonlight was very fine, and the group of singers, lit up by the lanterns held by some of the serenaders, was in quaint keeping with the unique character of the ceremony. After the music the serenaders were entertained at Mr. Troedel's residence, and the health of the intending Benedick was proposed in a humorous speech by Dr. Jonasson, the president of the society.

"DEATHS", The Argus (1 November 1906), 1

TRUDA, Joseph (Giuseppe)


Died 5 January 1903

TRUDA Michael

TRUDA, Nicola

TRUDA, Salvatore


Active Sydney, NSW, by 1886


"PHARMACISTS' PICNIC", Evening News (26 March 1886), 3

The Brothers Truda, comprising flute, 1st and 2nd violins, and harp, supplied excellent music throughout the day.

"MUSICIANS OUT OF HARMONY", Evening News (12 March 1902), 4

"MUSICIANS OUT OF HARMONY", Evening News (22 April 1902), 6

"IN MEMORIAM", Brisbane Courier (7 January 1924), 4

TRUMAN, Ernest

Pianist, organist, composer

Born Weston-Super-Mare, England, 29 December 1869
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1885 (from NZ)
Died Sydney, NSW, 6 October 1848 (NLA persistent identifier)

Major colonial works:

Violin concerto, op. 25 (Sydney 1894, full score (52 p.); also piano score) in Manuscript music (15 works/items; at NLA)

Club life (comic opera in 2 acts) (1894; composed by Ernest Truman, words by A. B. Paterson) (rough MS for chorus practice, copied by W. J. Banks)

Mass in D minor, op. 42, for chorus and orchestra (1899; photocopy of MS full score)

Bibliography and resources:

G. D. Rushworth, Truman, Ernest Edwin Philip (1869-1948), Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

Graeme Skinner, "Ernest Truman"

TUCKER, Edward

Violinist, orchestra leader

Active Melbourne, VIC, Sydney and Maitland, NSW, 1853


Billed as "Principal Violin, Royal Italian Opera", he was a leader and soloist with John Winterbottom's band in Melbourne, Sydney and Maitland in April-June 1853. After a successful performance of Paganini's Carnival of Venice iin Maitland, Winterbottom was billing his as "The Australian Paganini".


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 March 1853), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 June 1853), 3



Chinese theatre proprietor, ? musician

Active Ballarat, 1861


"EASTERN POLICE COURT", The Star (12 February 1861), 4

Police v Tuck Sin. This was a complaint against the defendant for keeping the Chinese Theatre, on Golden Point, open for disorderly entertainments until a late hour in the morning. Constable Hunt deposed that the Theatre was open between 12 and one o'clock on the morning of the 8th, and the usual music in the interior of the building was accompanied by the ding dong of a large gong, the sounds from which were loud and discordant. Senior Constable Boyle deposed that on either Thursday or Friday night the theatre was open until one o'clock in the morning. Mr Hamlin, who resides in the locality of the theatre, deposed that there was no living in the locality with the noises made by the persons connected with the theatre. On Saturday night, or rather Sunday morning, they were beating their gongs at twenty minutes past twelve o'clock. Mr. Sub-inspector Dowling presented a petition to the Bench, signed by 24 residents in the locality, complaining of the noise made by the celestials.

TUOHY, Miss (? Mary)

Soprano vocalist (pupil of Maria Hinckesman)

TUOHY, Masters (? Anthony junior)

Boy soprano vocalists

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840s


A Miss and Masters Tuohy were among the sopranos and trebles at Isaac Nathan's concerts in October 1841 and May 1842. Miss Tuohy, made her solo debut at her teacher Maria Hinckesman's concert in May 1845 singing Balfe's The light of other days. She gave her own concert in July, though no program or later notices appeared.

As suggested by Matt Hall (2014), she may well be the Mary Tuohy who married George William Worgan in Sydney in 1847. If so, she was probably daughter of Phillip-street grocer and inn-keepers, Anthony Tuohy (d.1854) and Bridget Tuohy (d.1853).


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (26 October 1841), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 June 1845), 3

"MUSIC", The Australian (1 July 1845), 3


Bass vocalist

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1843


[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (29 March 1843), 5

"MRS. NAIRNE'S ORATORIO", Launceston Examiner (14 June 1843), 3


Instrumentalist (theatrical orchestra)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1845-50


"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1845), 2

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1850), 1


Violinist, bandleader (Melophonic Concert Room), composer

Active Hobart, TAS, 1853


At Josiah Hand's Melophonic Concert Room in Hobart in May 1853, the program by the band included a medley ("composed for the occasion, comprising several popular melodies").


[Advertisement], The Courier (4 March 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (7 May 1853), 3


Professor of Music and Dancing

Active Geelong, VIC, 1856


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (7 March 1856), 1

TURNER, Austin Theodore

Professor of Music, organist, pianist, composer

Born Bristol, England, 1823
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1856 (per Schomberg, wrecked of Cape Ottway, 1 January)
Died Woollahra, NSW, April 1901, aged 79 (NLA persistent identifier)




Summary: (USA 1908)

Turner, Austin T. 1823- English composer and conductor, who for many years has advanced the cause of music in Australia; was born at Bristol, England. He was a chorister at Bristol Cathedral, and at the age of twenty became vicar choral at Lincoln. Going to Australia in 1854 he settled at Ballarat, where he became singing-master at the government school and where for many years he has played the organ at Christ Church. He was the first conductor of the local Philharmonic Society, which under his leadership had performed Mendelssohn's St. Paul, Sullivan's Prodigal Son and Spohr's Last Judgment. He is the author of a sacred cantata, Adoration, for solos, chorus and full orchestra, which the Melbourne Philharmonic Society gave in 1874, and he has also written two masses, choral songs, several madrigals and glees. 


"THE WRECK OF THE SCHOMBERG", The Argus (1 January 1856), 4


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 December 1856), 8


"MONTEZUMA THEATRE", The Star (5 April 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (7 October 1858), 3

"TO THE EDITOR. THE LATE SACRED CONCERT", The Star (9 November 1863), 3

[News], The Argus (1 January 1869), 5

[News], The Argus (18 December 1869), 5

[Advertisement]: "NEW SONGS", The Argus (4 February 1870), 3

[News], The Argus (15 February 1873), 5

"PHILHARMONIC CONCERT. ADORATION", The Argus (26 November 1874), 6

[Advertisement], The Musical Times (1 November 1877), 566

Australian Music. - Song, The Lord is my Shepherd, and duet, Early in the Morning from the Cantata, Adoration, sung by the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, composed by Austin T. Turner.

The Australasian sketcher 73-74 (1873), 155

"THE NEW ALTAR AT ST. FRANCES CHURCH", Illustrated Australian News (5 July 1879), 106

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1901), 10

"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (25 April 1901), 4

An old and well-known identity in the music world of Australia, Mr. Austin T. Turner, recently passed away at Woollahra, Sydney, at the ripe age of 79. Mr. Turner arrived in Australia in the "fifties", and at the height of the gold fever settled in Ballarat, where for many years he followed the profession of music in its various branches, being for a long time teacher of singing in the Victorian State schools, and for twenty years organist of the Ballarat Cathedral. He was a composer of no mean merit, amongst his more notable productions being the cantata "Adoration", which was performed in the Melbourne Town Hall, and another with which he was successful in a competition for a gold medal. He also composed several songs, several for Madame Carandini (grandmother of Mrs. Gilbert Wilson) and her daughters. About seventeen years ago Mr. Turner removed to Sydney, where he composed several masses, some of which were performed at St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Francis', Paddington. Quite a number of Mr. Turner's old pupils are now residing in Brisbane, and these will doubtless hear with regretful interest of the death of their old master.

Musical works:

The prince Alfred reception march (Melbourne: For the composer by Chas. Troedel, [1867])

When the roses bloom again ("an aria composed expressly for the singer by Mr. Austin Turner, of Bal- larat) by Miss Rosina Carandini") (Melbourne: Printed by C. Troedel, [1870], also US edition, San Francisco: M. Gray, 1876), copy at Library of Congress:

The Land o' the Leal ("composed by Austin Turner, Ballarat") (Melbourne: Printed by C. Troedel, [1870]) also US edition, San Francisco: M. Gray, 1876), copy at Library of Congress

All ready and all one: an Australian patriotic song (words: Gerald Massey) (Sydney: W. Akhurst, [1885])

Adoration (cantata)

Grand Mass in D (July 1879, at opening of the new sanctuary of St. Francis Melbourne)

Bibliography and resources:

"Turner", British musical biography (1897), 420

"Turner, Austin T.", The American history and encyclopedia of music (1908), 415

Jennifer Royle, "Musical (Ad)venturers: Colonial Composers and Composition in Melbourne, 1870-1901", Nineteenth-Century Music Review 2/2 (November 2005), 133-159

Doggett 2006

TURNER, Miss E. (sister of Elizabeth TESTAR)

Contralto vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1857


"CONCERT", The Argus (2 December 1857), 4

TURNER, Edward

Music lithographer, publisher

Born 1837
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1861
Died Wentworth Falls, NSW, 6 October 1913, aged 76

TURNER, W. J. (? William John)

Composer, violinist, organist

Born ? 1836
Active NSW, by 1861

March 1861: ENGRAVER WANTED, a good music hand. Apply to Mr. E. TURNER, at Mr. Mader's, musicseller.

August 1861: A new song "My Sweetheart is a Volunteer", printed, published, and lithographed, by Mr. E. Turner, of Hunter-street, has just issued from the press.

November 1861: THE FLOWER OF AUSTRALIA POLKAS. A set of polkas, by Mr. W. J. Turner, have just been published. Though there is a plethora of dance music just now, this unassuming composition will be found, on performance, very lively and pleasing.

1868: Sir, Will you kindly correct a trifling inaccuracy in your report of the opening of St. Mary's Church, at St. Leonards, North Shore, where I am represented to have acted us organist, &c. This may lead to some misapprehension, as I have been confined to my own room for some weeks by severe illness. The duty of organist at St. Mary's, North Shore, was performed by my pupil, Mr. W. J. Turner, who was commissioned by me to take direction of the music, which was sustained by a portion of St. Mary's Cathedral choir, Sydney, assisted in the kindest manner by Miss Geraldine Warden, the remaining portion boing required for the usual duties in the Cathedral, where Mr. C. E. Horsley has, in the handsomest manner, volunteered his services as organist during my illness. Trusting the circumstances will sufficiently excuse my troubling you, I am, your obedient servant, W. J. CORDNER, 116, Woolloomooloo-street, June 29.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1861), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 July 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1861), 1

"WEEKLY REGISTER", Empire (17 August 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1861), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (13 November 1861), 1

"THE FLOWER OF AUSTRALIA POLKAS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1861), 5

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1868), 6

"New Music", Illustrated Sydney News (26 October 1870), 3

"CONCERT", Bathurst Free Press (20 April 1872), 2

"ST. STANISLAW'S COLLEGE", Bathurst Free Press (21 December 1872), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1913), 8

"THE LATE MR. E. TURNER", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1913), 11

Musical works and publications:

The flower of Australia polka by W. J. Turner ([Sydney]: [E. Turner], [1861]) 

The cricketers' quadrille by Robert B. Theobald ... (third edition, Sydney: For the composer by E. Turner, [1874])

Other works:

Bibliogarphy and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 240-41


Pianoforte pupil (of Henry Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

ELLEN TURNER (Pianoforte), Oxford-st. [pupil of Henry James Witton]


Teacher of singing and pianoforte, organist, choral conductor, string band conductor, piano tuner

Active Sydney and Maitland, NSW, late 1840s to early 1850s
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1866
Died Paddington, NSW, 19 November 1889, aged 72


Formerly leader of the choir at St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, by 1847 Turner was organist of St. John the Baptist's Church, West Maitland. In February 1857 he advertised as a teacher of singing and pianoforte and proprietor of a music retail business. At his Maitland concert in 1849 he was assisted by former Drury Lane singer, Mrs. (Marian Maria) Chester. In 1850 he advertised that he had formed a "STRINGED QUADRILLE BAND, performing all the modern Polkas, Mazourkas, Waltzes, Quadrilles &c."

He was later organist of Sacred Heart Church, Darlinghurst in Sydney for many years.


"TEA FESTIVAL AT ST. BENEDICT'S", Morning Chronicle (10 January 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (26 December 1846), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (3 February 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (24 February 1847), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (25 march 1848), 3

"ST. JOHN'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", The Maitland Mercury (30 December 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (21 November 1849), 1

"CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (5 December 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (28 December 1850), 1s

"THE SYDNEY ABDUCTION CASE", The Maitland Mercury (20 July 1858), 2

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1868), 8

"MARRIAGES", Empire (21 December 1868), 1

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1889), 1

TURNER, William


Died Sandhurst, VIC, 8 January 1877, aged 26 years


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1877), 1 

TURNER. January 8, at his residence, Sandhurst, Victoria, William Turner, aged 26 years, musician, late of Bathurst, third son of Mr. J. Turner, musician, of this city.

TURNER, Stephen

Principal Clarionet player, Bandsman (Band of the 39th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, with regiment 1827-32

See also Band of the 39th Regiment


"CRITIQUE OF THE CONCERT. To the Editor", The Australian (23 October 1829), 2

[Given Gee's evidence, Turner is probably the second clarinet player mentioned here]

"Supreme Court", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (31 August 1830), 3

Mary Spencer was indicted for stealing, at Sydney, on the 12th of June last, several articles of wearing apparel, and sundry monies, above the value of £5 the property of Isabella Ponson; and Ann Spencer and Stephen Turner for receiving the same, on the same day and place aforesaid, knowing them to be stolen. ... For the prisoner, Turner, Mr. Therry called Mr. Francis Gee, Master of 39th Band, who said, he had known the prisoner for several years, and considered him the best conducted man in the band; I remember the morning of the 12th of June, and I know the prisoner was with the band from 9 to 12 o'Clock in the morning; His Excellency dined with the mess on the previous evening, on which occasion Turner was present with the band. ... Adjutant Innes, of the 39th, said, he knew the prisoner, Turner, for several years, and previous to this charge his character was unimpeachable; he was principal clarionet player in the band, and was also garrison glazier by which he earned a good deal of money; from what witness knows of his character he considers him incapable of committing the offence imputed to him ... John Smith-I was formerly one of the Veterans, and I now keep the Government gardens; I saw the witness, Mary Robley, in Hill's public-house this morning, drinking with some of the band-men; I do not see any of them here; I did not see the prisoner, Turner, there; one of the band-men paid for the liquor ... The Jury found Turner and Ann Spencer - Not Guilty; Mary Spencer - Guilty. Remanded.

TURNER, Matilda (Madame TURNER)

Professor of the Piano

TURNER, Walter James (senior) (1857-1900)

Pianist, organist, conductor, teacher, composer

TURNER, Alice Mary (WATSON; Mrs. W. J. TURNER)

Teacher of singing, pianist, conductor

Married Walter James Turner, 1883

TURNER, Walter James (junior) (1889-1946)

Music critic, author, poet

Go to Turner family mainpage

TWENTYMAN, George F. (Herr SCHOOT; Professor SCHOOT; "The Drum Demon")

Drummer, drum and percussion player, music and instrument retailer, piano tuner

Active VIC, by 1886
Died ?, after 1931


Museum VIC: Oil painting depicting Herr Schoot (George Twentyman) standing in front of the Fincham Organ at the Exhibition Building. It was painted by Mr James in 1896 for the Albury Exhibition. George Twentyman played Grosse Caisse (Base Drum) in the Centennial Orchestra, and was Drum Major with a Military Band that performed at the Melbourne International Centennial Exhibition, 1880-81

Sound clip: The Hen Convention (1897): 


"THE CURLEW'S CONCERT", Fitzroy City Press (13 February 1886), 3 

"THE COLUMBIA SKATING RINK", Geelong Advertiser (1 August 1887), 3 

Anxious to amuse patronisers of this popular place of entertainment during the winter months, the energetic manager (Mr A. P. Bartlett) afforded the Geelong public on Saturday evening an unusual treat, by the engagement of Professor Schoot, who appears to be well deserving of the title of "champion drummer." There was a large attendance of visitors at the rink, although the boisterous and wet weather was not inviting. After a most pleasing exhibition of skating by very many able roller skaters, whose graceful gliding over the slippery floor of the rink was most attractive, the professor was introduced. On the staging at the south end of the rink twenty drums of all sizes were placed in lines, each resting upon a separate and ornamental trestle. With these instruments, and the assistance of Mr Goodall's band of musicians, the drummer essayed a representation of the battle of Tel-el-Kebir. From the arousing of the troops at daylight by the beating of the reveille until the fiuish of the mimic battle and the playing of the National Anthem, the professor gave an almost realistic effect to the representation, the various stirring incidents in the fight, from the march out of camp, the first boom of the cannons, the rattle of musketry, the charge of the artillery, and the continuous responses from the guns in the evening's earthworks, being depicted in the most thrilling manner. The exhibition was startling and effective, and the admirable way in which attention to music and time was observed by the solitary performer on the twenty drums and the triangle created great wonderment among the professor's listeners, and convinced everyone of his abilities as a master drummer. Throughout the performance Prof.. Schoot received very warm applause for his successful efforts.

"EVENING AMUSEMENTS", The Brisbane Courier (15 November 1887), 5 

"THE ORCHESTRA", The Argus (2 August 1888), 5 supplement Melbourne Centennial Exhibition 

[News], Chronicle, South Yarra Gazette, Toorak Times and Malvern Standard (8 July 1893), 4 

"THE INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION", Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (9 October 1896), 21 

"THE EXHIBITION", Albury Banner and Wodonga Express (30 October 1896), 24 

In the evening Herr Schoot, the "drum demon," gave his very clever performance entitled "The Siege of Paris." This may be described as a succession of drum solos, with full orchestral accompaniment, intended to depict the siege and bombardment of the city and final triumphant entry of the German army. Of course, in an affair of this kind, the aid of the imagination has to be relied upon to some extent, but with the programme before one to indicate the principal events in their proper sequence it is not a difficult task to interpret the meaning of the different numbers, and to realise the appropriateness of their connection with each incident of the story. The affair opens with the booming of distant guns, followed up by the bugle call of the sentinels. Presently sounds of alarm are heard, and the trumpet call of the French National Guard summons the corps to arms. The order is quickly responded to, and the troops arc marching to the strains of "Partant pour la Syrie." After some preliminaries the siege commences, and then there is a general fusillade of small arms, varied with the deeper sound of artillery, and the occasional boom of a mortar, followed by the bursting of shells. The whole winds up with a grand tableau, the effect of which is heightened by red fire. The main feature of the performance is the wonderful dexterity with which Herr Schoot manipulates over 20 drums, varying in size and in the tension of parchment, so as to produce great diversity of effect. In this way the sound of rifle shots, now near, now dying away in the distance, is very realistically simulated, whilst an occasional thump on one of the bigger instruments is highly suggestive of a 32 pounder at unpleasantly close quarters. To produce these effects, the performer is kept constantly on the run from one side of the stage to the other, and the manner in which he gets in his really delicate instrumentation under such circumstances is in itself a marvel. Herr Schoot's performances have constituted a very valuable addition to the attractions provided by the exhibition management.

"GEELONG TOWN BAND", Geelong Advertiser (25 June 1904), 4 

"TOWN BAND CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser (16 January 1906), 2 

"CONCERT AND DRAMATIC ENTERTAINMENT", Geelong Advertiser (26 September 1910), 4 

"CHARITY ART UNION", Geelong Advertiser (14 October 1911), 2 

"GEELONG ORCHESTRAL SOCIETY", Geelong Advertiser (22 February 1912), 4 

"Prahran Pioneers' Association", Malvern Standard (2 March 1912), 3 

"GURNEY BENEFIT CONCERT", Geelong Advertiser (17 May 1912), 4 

"THE STRAND", Geelong Advertiser (22 March 1918), 6 

"OPENING SERVICES", Werribee Shire Banner (23 April 1931), 3 

TYRER, William Henry

Music and instrument seller, importer, merchant

Born c. 1806
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1834
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 November 1841 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Australian (28 March 1834), 1

[Advertisement], The Australian (2 September 1834), 1

"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 December 1835), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 May 1836), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (19 December 1836), 1

W. H. TYRER HAS just opened a few of the best and most brilliant-toned Piano-Fortes ever imported into the Colony, which consist of One rosewood Patent Horizontal Grand Piano Forte, One Cabinet Grand Piano-Forte, One Grand Square ditto. The above have only just been received, ex Florentia, and are now open for inspection; they are made by Collard & Collard, late Clementi & Collard, and are constructed on an entirely new principle. In addition to which are Three Cabinet Grand Piano-Fortes [&] Two Cottage ditto by Mott, Two Square ditto, by Dettmer & Son. With an assortment of the newest and most fashionable Music recently published, consisting of Quadrilles, Songs, &c. ALSO, Two splendid Harps, and Several Spanish Guitars, with patent heads. 15 December, 1836.

"Sydney General Trade List. IMPORTS ... 6TH TO THE 13TH INSTANT", The Colonist (18 May 1837), 9

"9. Hope (ship), 377 tons ... from London ... 2 cases haberdashery, 1 case hats, 1 case musical instruments, 1 case printed music, I case hardware, 'I case silk cloaks, W. H. Tyrer ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (9 November 1838), 3

"SUPREME CRIMINAL COURT", The Australian (9 May 1840), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (28 August 1841), 3

"DIED", The Sydney Herald (29 November 1841), 2

"On Sunday, the 28th instant, while bathing in Darling Harbour, supposed of an apoplectic fit, W. H. Tyrer, regretted by numerous friends"

"INQUESTS" , Australasian Chronicle (30 November 1841), 2

Inquest: An ... inquest was held, yesterday, at the house of Mr. Joseph Paris, the sign of the Young Princess, Fort-street, on the body of William Henry Tyrer, formerly silk-mercer, George-street. From the evidence it appeared that, on Sunday evening, about half-past six o'clock, the deceased, who resided in Fort street, went into the water to bathe in Darling Harbour, and was observed swimming by the chief officer of the Anita, and at times floating upon his back; he had a straw hat on his head, which fell into this water, and sank to the bottom, and the deceased made no attempt to recover it. Soon after he called out 'boat, boat!!' and the captain of the vessel said, 'that man must be drowning,' upon which the chief mate and some of the seamen took the boat, and went to him; they found him floating with his face under the water, and got him into the boat as quickly as possible; but there appeared to be no signs of life in him. They brought him to shore, and sent for the doctor of the ship lascar, who immediately attended, and did all he could to restore animation, but in vain. The deceased had of late been much addicted to intemperance, and it appeared that he was not perfectly sober when he went into the water. Dr. Stewart certified that death had been caused by drowning, but, from the general appearance of the deceased, he thought it might be possible that he had been seized with an apoplectic fit while in the water. The jury returned a verdict of accidentally drowned whilst labouring under the effects of intoxication.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 February 1842), 1

Other resources:

SLNSW, DLSPENCER 254, Miscellaneous letters and documents, 1810-28 January 1913, collected by Sir William Dixson; 1. Letter, dated 14 May 1840 from John Lawson to Mr. Brownrigg, and the latter's letter of 16 May 1840 to William Henry Tyrer 

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2017