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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–W

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–W", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 20 October 2017

- W -


Professor of Music, band-master, clarinettist

Active Hobart, TAS, by 1858
Died Ararat, VIC, September 1877


[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Mercury (20 May 1858), 3

"ST. JOHN-SQUARE", Launceston Examiner (8 November 1859), 3

"CAMBRIDGE PLOUGHING MATCH", The Mercury (14 October 1864), 3

"CONCERT", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 June 1867), 5

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (15 May 1869), 5

Conrad Wackeldiene, of Warrnambool, Villiers, professor of music. Causes of insolvency: Want of sufficient employment for self and family, and inability to pay off debts incurred in consequence of losses sustained through the wreck of a boat called the Leisure Hour, off Tasmania, in 1867. Liabilities, £89.15s.; assets, £23.5s.; deficiency, £66.10s.

[News], The Argus (24 July 1869), 5

"VICTORIA", The Mercury (27 July 1869), 3

The "Rogue's March" police case, says the Hamilton Spectator, has excited some interest, the court being crowded with spectators. It was a charge of insulting behaviour preferred by Mr. Irving, the drill-instructor of the volunteers, against Mr. Wadley, the landlord of the Royal. It appears the Foresters, of which body Mr. Irving was a member, had resolved to remove their court from the Royal Hotel to the new Oddfellows'-hall. This is presumed to have given offence to the landlord of the Royal; but whether that be the case or not, the Foresters, on the conclusion of their meeting, were met in the passage by Wadley, playing the Rogue's March on the poker and shovel, the bandmaster playing the accompaniment on the clarinet. In his evidence, Irving said he had been in the army, and the Rogue's March was one of the worst symbols of disgrace a military man could be subjected to. C. Wackeldiene gave evidence that at the suggestion of somebody in the hotel that night he played a certain march, but he had always known that time by the name of the "Twopenny Post- man". With the kind permission of the Bench he would play the tune, so that it might be recognised. Amid roars of laughter, Mr. Wackeldiene pulled out his clarinet, and gave a few bars of the well-known "Rogue's March". The Bench inflicted a fine of 10s.

"BRASS BAND", Border Watch (6 August 1870), 2

 "ANNIVERSARY OF THE LOYAL MOUNT GAMBIER LODGE", Border Watch (17 September 1870), 2

[Advertisement], Portland Guardian (1 January 1872), 1s

"Items of News", Hamilton Spectator (4 October 1877), 2

OBITUARY - Mr. Conrad Wackeldiene, who was at out time bandmaster at Hamilton and at other towns in the Western district, died at the Ararat hospital the other day.

"MOUNT GAMBIER'S EARLY BRASS BANDS", Border Watch (27 July 1940), 4

WADDY, Lizzie Anne (Elizabeth Anne)


Born c.1845

Died Killara, NSW, 31 May 1920, aged 75

Musical work:

The Poonah Waltz, for the Pianoforte by L. A. Waddy ... Dedicated to her father J. E. Stacey, Esquire, F.R.C.S.L. (Sydney: Elvy & Co., [1878]) (SL-NSW)


"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1870), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1878), 2

"NEW MUSIC", Evening News (5 January 1878), 4 

We have received a copy of the Poonah waltz, composed by L. A. Waddy, and dedicated to her father, J. E. Stacy, Esq., F.R.C.S.L.. The composition is published by Elvy and Co., of George-street, in this city. It is very nicely printed, the melody is very pretty, and the harmonies are rich and full. The composer makes large use of dissonant sevenths in harmonising, but uses them with skill. As the composition is both beautiful, and easily played, it is likely to be a great favourite in the drawing room.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 June 1920), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Stacy, John Edward (1799-1881)

Waddy, Percival Stacy (1875-1937)

See also:

Colonel Waddy of the 50th regiment passed through Australia for NZ in 1863; arrived in Sydney 1866; Alfred Anderson dedicated his The Queens Own galop to Colonel Waddy in 1867.

WADE, James

Bandsman, Band of the 40th Regiment

Died Sydney, NSW, July 1825

See also Band of the 40th Regiment (first tour)


"SERIOUS ACCIDENT", The Australian (28 July 1825), 4 

... A Coroner's Inquest was held at Hill's Tavern on Tuesday and Wednesday last, upon the body of James Wade, belonging to the band of the 40th. The man died after being removed to the General Hospital, after the accident. Verdict - accidental death.

"POLICE REPORT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 July 1825), 2 

On Monday morning last, as the Eclipse Coach was on its way to Parramatta, driving, down the Brickfield-hill, at the bottom of George Street, the horses suddenly took fright, and the coach was unfortunately overturned. There was a great number of outside passengers (nearly twenty, as we are informed), consisting for the most part of the Band of the 40th Regiment, who were proceeding to Parramatta for the purpose of assisting in the ceremony of laying the first stone of the New Mill, all of whom received some serious injury. One man, named Wade, died almost immediately, and several others were taken to the Hospital with severe fractures and bruises. The coachman states that the horses started at a team of bullocks drawing a cart, that happened to be passing at the time.

WADE, Richard

Steeple-keeper and bell-ringer (St. Philip's Church, Sydney), convict, shoemaker

Transported to NSW, December 1789 (per Neptune, Scarborough or Surprize)
Buried Sydney, NSW, 4 December 1831, aged 67


[Government notices], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 February 1812), 2

Richard Wade as Steeple Keeper. 2/10/0";

[Government notices], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 November 1821), 1s

Thomas Tabor, Parish Clerk - Richard Wade, Steeple-keeper

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. CORONER'S INQUESTS", The Sydney Herald (12 December 1831), 4

On Saturday ... an Inquest was convened at the Woodman, Prince-street, on the body of Richard Wade, an old man for many years bellringer to St. Philip's Church, who died suddenly that morning. The Jury returned a verdict of "Died by the visitation of God".

Bibliography and resources:

Michael Flynn, The Second Fleet: Britain's grim convict armada of 1790 (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1993), 589

WADHAM, Walter Thomas

Pianist, composer

Born Launceston, TAS, 19 November 1862
Died London, England, 9 November 1922


Births in the district of Launceston, 1862; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1012249; RGD33/1/40 no 459

"TASMANIAN TELEGRAMS. LAUNCESTON", The Mercury (23 June 1879), 2

"CONCERT. MR. WALTER WADHAM'S CANTATA", Launceston Examiner (8 September 1880), 2

"CONCERT. WALTER WADHAM'S CANTATA", Launceston Examiner (21 September 1880), 2

"NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (26 March 1881), 2

"MUSICAL CRITICISM. TO THE EDITOR", The Mercury (6 April 1881), 3

"THE HEART OF C'CONNELL", Launceston Examiner (31 October 1882), 2

"TASMANIANS ABROAD. TO THE EDITOR", Launceston Examiner (17 April 1886), 1s

"MR. WALTER WADHAM", Launceston Examiner (5 April 1887), 2

"LAUNCESTONIANS will learn ...", Launceston Examiner (20 September 1893), 4

"About People", Examiner (4 January 1923), 5

There are yet residents in Launceston many of his boyhood friends and acquaintances who will regret to learn of the death in London on November 9 of Mr. Walter Wadham, one of Tasmania's most distinguished musicians, whose career in England was but the natural development of the brilliant promise of his youth in Tasmania ...

Extant works:

She shall be mine (words by Philip Barnes; music by Walter T. Wadham; Recit. and air; Dedicated by permission to the Marchioness of Normanby) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1881])

WAIN, George

Piano repairer, musical thief

Active Hobart, 1834


"QUARTER SESSIONS.-Hobart Town", Colonial Times (12 August 1834), 7

George Wain, was charged with stealing 230 sheets of printed music, the property of Mr. Davis, of the value of £12. It appeared from the evidence of Mrs. Davis, that the prisoner had been employed to repair a pianoforte, and took the opportunity to purloin more than 100 pieces of newly imported music, which he took round the town, and openly sold at the different seminaries, and to many most respectable persons, the music being of the most approved description, representing himself to be a free man, who had received it by late arrivals from England.

WAINWRIGHT, Jordan (1797-1884)

Flute maker, musical instrument maker

Born Liverpool, England, 12 December 1797; baptised Christ Church Liverpool, 15 January 1798
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 September 1853 (per Gypsy Queen, from London, 27 May)
Died Newtown, NSW, 10 August 1884, aged 86 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


A 3-piece "Wainwright-London" flute, c. 1840s, was offered for sale in October 2011. Wainwright was living at St. Sepulchre at the time of the 1851 UK census.


"ARRIVALS", Empire (24 September 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 December 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1859), 8

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. J. WAINWRIGHT, from London, manufacturer of flutes, clarionets, flageolets, &c. Instruments repaired with new Joints, keys, and mountings; various Instruments for solo, from one to thirteen keys, warranted; a superior ebony B clarionet, thirteen sterling silver keys, by Key. Charing-cross, London; a highly-finished (Rudall and Rose) flute, eight sterling silver keys and mountings; a genuine (Nicholson) flute, eight sterling silver keys and mountings. 711, George-street South, opposite Christ Church.

"COMMERCIAL ...Imports Entries", Empire (12 December 1860), 4

"A NUISANCE", Empire (29 December 1860), 5

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1884), 1

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 August 1884), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 August 1884), 2

In the Will of JORDAN WAINWRIGHT ... Musical Instrument Maker, deceased ...

Extant instruments:

WALCH, James Henry Brett

Music seller, music publisher

Born India, 1828
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) 1842 (per Royal Saxon)
Died Hobart, TAS, 5 November 1897, in his 70th year

WALCH, Garnet

Songwriter, lyricist

Born Broadmarsh, TAS, 1 October 1843
Died 1913 (NLA persistent identifier)


Major James W. H. Walch, late of 54th Regiment, retired from the army and settled in Tasmania with his family in 1842, taking over Samuel Tegg's Hobart book business in January 1846, from 1850 trading as J. Walch and Sons, stationers and booksellers, a trade which included some music retailing. On the elder Walch's death in 1852, the business passed to his son James Walch, junior, later in partnership with his brother Charles Walch.

Walch also became a general publisher. Possibly the earliest of the firm's many musical publication was a song by Launceston composer John Adams, called Just a smile in the face of nature, circulated to the press and advertised for sale by Walch in February 1858 (no copy identified). It was followed by J. S. La Mont's Our own Tasmanian Home (National Song) in October 1859, and Floating Away by "A. T. A." in April 1860, both set and printed in Melbourne by Clarson, Shallard and Co.. Later issues used local tradesmen, notably Mary Oldham's The Tasmanian Yacht Club Polka, issued in June 1862, which was lithographed and printed by John Alvarez, and Frederick Buck's The Young Recruit March, lithographed by M. L. Hood. In August 1866, the publication of Frederick Augustus Packer's Curacoa Valse (set and printed by R. Harris, music printer of Launceston) marked the beginning of a lasting association between composer and publisher, Packer becoming virtually the Walch house composer for the remainder of the century.


[Advertisement], The Courier (31 December 1845), 3

"DIED", Colonial Times (26 March 1852), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (23 February 1858), 3

"LITERATURE", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (26 February 1858), 3

"NATIONAL SONG", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (25 October 1859), 2

"FLOATING AWAY", Launceston Examiner (12 April 1860), 2

"COLONIAL MUSIC", The Mercury (26 June 1862), 3

"NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (22 August 1866), 2

"DEATH OF MR. JAMES WALCH", The Mercury (6 November 1897), 3


Bibliography and resources:

J. Walch and Sons, Records,

Bibliography and resources:

Wallace Kirsop, "The Walches as sellers of music and their customers in 1840s", in Georgina Binns (ed.), Music printing and publishing in Australia


Violoncello player

Active Sydney, 1845
(possibly James Walker (1), below)


[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

WALKER, George Washington

Indigenous culture and song reporter

Born London, England, 19 March 1800
Arrived Hobart Town, TAS, 7 February 1832 (on Science, from London, 9 September 1831)
Died Hobart, TAS, 1 February 1859 (NLA persistent identifier)

WALKER, James Backhouse

Indigenous culture and song reporter

Born Hobart Town, TAS, 14 October 1841
Died Hobart, 4 November 1899 (NLA persistent identifier)


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (8 February 1832), 2

"DEATH", The Courier (1 February 1859), 2

"DEATH OF MR. GEORGE WASHINGTON WALKER", The Courier (1 February 1859), 3

"GEORGE WASHINGTON WALKER, ESQ.", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (2 February 1859), 2

"OBITUARY", The Mercury (6 November 1899), 2

WALKER, George W.

Professor of Music, bandmaster (The Tasmanian Band), clarinet and piccolo player, composer

Arrived Launceston, by February 1854

WALKER, William

Bandmaster, bellringer (Walker Family of Bell Ringers)

Active Tasmania and New Zealand, from 1855
Died Deloraine, TAS, 1 June 1920


"The excellent Tasmanian Band", of the Tasmanian Teetotal Society, was already several years old when, in February 1854, Mr. G. W. Walker, "recently arrived from England", took over its direction for the remainder of that year. He composed "symphonies" to accompany the band's performance of the song Ben Bolt, and The supply mill polka and the Rechabite quick step ("composed by Mr. G. W. Walker, and dedicated to the Star of Tasmania Tent"). A Scotch quick march by G. W. Walker was played by a band in Melbourne in November 1865. In 1867, "G. W. Walker, late BANDMASTER of the Geelong Artillery. Address Harnock-vale, Geelong" advertised his availability to direct volunteer bands. His brother, William Walker, was also a member of the band. Later himself a bandmaster, he was also director, in the 1880s, of the popular Walker Family of Bell Ringers.


"THE FETE AT ENTALLY", The Cornwall Chronicle (12 January 1850), 27

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 February 1854), 4

"TASMANIAN BAND", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 February 1854), 4

"GALA AT THE HORTICULTURAL GARDENS", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1854), 3

"EXHIBITION OF FIREWORKS", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 March 1854), 5

"PUBLIC MEETING AT THE TEMPERANCE HALL", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 March 1854), 5

"MUSIC", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 April 1854), 4

"TEMPERANCE", The Cornwall Chronicle (22 April 1854), 5

"TASMANIAN BAND", The Cornwall Chronicle (23 August 1854), 5

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (21 April 1855), 3

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (19 June 1855), 2

"SPECIAL SERVICE", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (11 February 1859), 3

[News], The Argus (11 November 1865), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 March 1865), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (31 July 1895), 4


One of the regular daily visitors at Elphin this week is Mr. Wm. Walker, of Deloraine, who first played in a brass band in England at the age of eight years. He is keenly interested in the competitions, but between whiles yesterday he chatted with an "Examiner" reporter, to whom he gave some interesting particulars of band music here in the early days. He is one of very few now left who can relate any incidents of the bands that were of note half a century ago.

"I landed in Launceston," said Mr. Walker, "on March 25, 1855, and immediately joined what by old residents is now occasionally known as the "old teetotal band," of which my brother, the late G. W. Walker, was bandmaster. My brother George won the first contest at Werribee encampment, in Victoria, many years ago, at which Geordy Chapman was the judge of music.

"On May 24, 1855, I took charge of the Teetotal Band in a Rechabite procession, when we played through the streets to the Independent Church is Tamar-street, of which the Rev. Chas Price was the pastor. "Ever since those days until a few years ago I have been actively connected with music, and I was instrumental in bringing out some of the best bands men.

"There are not many of the old ones left. Of those in the Teetotal Band I can at the present moment only recall Messrs. John Tevelein and James French as amongst the living ones. The late Mr. R. H. Price belonged to it also. "I am the father of the Walker family of bellringers, who with considerable success toured Australia some years ago and played for a season of several nights in St. George's Hall, Melbourne. We also got a fine reception in the Mechanics' Institute at Launceston.

"St. Joseph's Band was in existence then, and had been many years before, but there was a break since, when they were disbanded for a time." Has there been much advance made in band instruments since then? "Yes, undoubtedly. The bass instrument called the serpent was then very much in vogue. Old Mr. Robins, who came out with the band of the 99th Regiment, played one for years, and a Mr. Allen, who was a fellow-bandsman in the 99th, also performed on the same instrument. The flat saxe bass now takes its place, and the valve trombone has come into existence, but it is not by any means the equal of the slide trombone.

"The old French horn has been knocked out by the E-flat tenor saxe bassoon, and is not now heard except on rare occasions in orchestras. I have a season's ticket for the competitions, and think a great deal of the septet performances of the Orphanage Band. I was rather surprised at the improvement in the Railway Band since last I heard it. Judging by the second class competition on Wednesday, I should say the award lies between the Ulverstone and Devonport bands. As to the quickstep to-day, I believe the Berringa played the best.

"Yes, I can safely say no one has done more in Tasmania to introduce brass bands than I have. The last time I played in a band was when we received news of Mafeking at Deloraine, when I mustered a band, and led it to rejoice at the victory gained."

"ABOUT PEOPLE", Examiner (2 June 1920), 6

WALKER, James (1)

Musician (Prince of Wales Theatre)

Died Sydney, January 1865


"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1865), 10

WALKER, James (2)

Amateur flautist (pupil of Joseph Gautrot, perhaps son of James Walker (1))

Born Cork, Ireland, 5 November 1836
Arrived Sydney, 21 March 1841 (per Woodbridge)
Died Maryborough, QLD, 27 March 1934, aged 97


At the age of 90, Walker recalled for the press in Queensland his earliest musical experiences in Sydney in the early 1840s. "He was born in South Ireland and came to Sydney when 4 years of age, with his parents. At the age of 7 he had learned the flute under the great French master, M. Longchamp [Jean Francois Lonchamp], and later he studied under another equally famous Frenchman, the violinist M. Guthrow [i.e. Joseph Gautrot]. The latter had been Napoleon's first violinist. Mr. Walker played in opera in Sydney, and took a prominent place in his accompaniments under Mr. Vincent Wallace [recte Spencer W. WALLACE, brother of], the composer of Maritana. He also played his flute in The Barber of Seville, Il Trovatore, and William Tell."


"A GRAND OLD MUSICIAN", The Brisbane Courier (16 March 1926), 11

"LIVED IN FOUR REIGNS. MARYBOROUGH", The Courier Mail (9 November 1933), 14

"Mr. James Walker", The Courier-Mail (31 March 1934), 11

WALKER, William

Musical amateur, flute player, singer, songwriter, memorist

Born Glasgow, Scotland, 28 February 1828
Arrived Windsor, NSW, December 1837
Died Windsor, NSW, 12 June 1908 (NLA persistent identifier)


Reminiscences (personal, social and political) of a fifty years' residence at Windsor, on the Hawkesbury: a lecture William Walker (Sydney: Turner and Henderson, 1890)

[9]... But we had at the same time a pleasant establishment in town, namely one of Her Majesty's regiments of the line - the gallant 80th, or Staffordshire. They were a splendid set of men, finely officered, from the colonel downwards, and they had a magnificent band. The bandmaster was the late Samuel Edgerton, a gentleman who eventually left the regiment, and spent the remainder of his life in Windsor, becoming Captain of the Windsor Volunteers, and dying at an advanced age universally respected ... The band was the finest military one that ever came to the colony. The bandmaster led with the clarionet, and a very stately fellow played the cornet to perfection. My young patriotic blood used to warm up when I heard them play in grand style when marching through George-street that favourite air "The Blue Bells of Scotland." There were a good many blacks down the Hawkesbury then, and I remember the officers on one occasion getting up a corroboree in Thompson's Square ... I never saw a corroboree before, and have never seen one since. I will not attempt to describe it - such a thing could not be conceived in the present day. The 80th left Windsor after a year or two, and were succeeded by another regiment, but I never could fancy it, after the former. They departed from Windsor one moonlight night, having to walk all the way to Parramatta. They marched out of town over the South Creek Bridge towards McGrath's Hill playing that exhilarating and lively tune, "The Girl I Left Behind Me," - the echoes of which still haunt me. There were many wet eyes that night amongst "the girls," and I can only say for myself, young as I was, that I felt the departure of these fine fellows from amongst us very much. When the regiment left the colony, Mr. Edgerton, the bandmaster, took up his abode in the old Peninsula Farm Cottage, overlooking the Peninsula Estate, where the reviews of the troops had occasionally taken place before the General, Sir Maurice O'Connell ...

[10] ... The Wesleyans also had a temporary place until they built a suitable chapel in Macquarie-street. The minister was the late Rev. John Schofield. I used frequently to attend the missionary meetings held annually. There were no American organs in those days, and the music was led by a clarionet player and a bass viol, the latter being played by the late Mr. Samuel Marsden, of Macquarie-street ... In the Church of England for some years prior to and after we came to Windsor, the music was led by a portion of the military band. The Presbyterians, to whom our family belonged, only held service then in the afternoon at the Court House, kindly lent by the Police Magistrate, but my father generally sent me to the Church of England in the forenoon. The soldiers and band marched to and from the church. I thought it was grand to hear some of the splendid band of the 80th play in the church - in particular, I admired that fine old lyric, the Morning Hymn, regularly gone through at the commencement of the service:

Awake my soul, and with the sun
Thy daily stage of duty run;
Shake off dull sloth, and joyful rise
To pay thy morning sacrifice,

the whole congregation standing, and joining in the sweet melody. I recollect the present organ being afterwards erected, and which has for so many years [11] well sustained the musical portion of the services. The Presbyterians had no church for a number of years after our arrival in Windsor ... There was no instrument used, and my father led the singing at Windsor for a length of time ...

"Reminiscences - Personal and Political of a 50 Years' Residence at Windsor, on the Hawkesbury", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (13 September 1890), 1

... Speaking of shows, we used sometimes to have those of a diverting character. Circuses were the most frequent-one in particular, Burton's, was very good in that kind of thing. The programme generally wound up with "Dick Turpin's Ride to York " on Bonny Black Bess- her death being the final scene. Then we had tight-rope dancers and mountebanks. One much admired was mastered by Signor Della Casa and some young females, which was held in what is now the yard of the present Bank of New South Wales. There was no School of Arts or other public hall in those days. All public meetings, concerts, and indoor amusements were, by permission of the authorities, held in the Court House. And some very entertaining and amusing affairs took place - though some of them looked like impostures. A fellow calling himself Ali Ben Su Ali, with a small company, gave a concert, and played himself some novel stringed instrument. There did not appear to be anything very wonderful in it, but he was dressed in Turkish fashion, and his costume seemed to attract more notice than his music. He posed as a Mahommedan, but the current belief was that under the cognomen of Ali Ben Su Ali, his real name was Ben Sullivan, and that he was an Irishman. Another concert we had was a really fine one, by the celebrated Hungarian Violinist, Miska Hausa. His performance on the violin was wonderful. I have never forgotten his playing of one piece, "The Bird on the Tree," in which he imitated the chirping of the feathered creatures marvellously ...

In the days of my early man-hood there were a number of amiable and hospitable families about Windsor - possessed of ample means, which they used with great generosity. I don't see many like them now-a-days. In particular, there were three which I would like to mention. There were the Scarvells, of Killarney, the Hales, of Clifton, and afterwards of Fairfield, and the Fitzgeralds' of Windsor. When I was attaining to man's estate I was a frequently-invited guest to parties and social-reunions. My acquaintance with the Scarvells arose from the three eldest sons being my school-fellows at my father's school. They were weekly boarders, going home on Saturdays, returning on Monday mornings, and I was often taken with them to their happy paternal mansion. Mrs. Scarvell was a charming lady and the whole family most agreeable. The little homely parties which we used to have then can never be effaced from my memory. All the boys played the flute and I was an amateur at it myself, and we used to take it in turns to play the quadrilles, waltzes and polkas. Poor fellows they have all gone, and followed their respected parents to early graves. The Hales' were, if anything, more jolly, but it was chiefly whist-playing and music that prevailed at Clifton and Fairfield. Miss Hale was an accomplished pianist and singer. Her future husband, Mr. Wm. McQuade, and myself, used often to join her at the piano with songs. One we used to sing was the "Canadian Boat Song," seldom now heard. It occurred to me whilst riding home one night with Mr. McQuade and hearing St. Matthew's church-bell toll 11 o'clock, that I might make a parody upon it, which I did and we sang it as follow:

Sweetly as tolls St. Matthew's chime,
So sweet we pass our evening time;
Melodious music rings around,
The fields we charm with dulcet sound.
Ride, brothers ride - the hours fly fast,
The road is drear - the moonlight's past.

Soon as our horses pass the hill
The breeze is bushed; and all is still;
We sing our weary homeward song,
And echo tills the vales along.
Ride, brothers ride, &c.

We leave glad scenes and faces dear,
To brave the night, so dark and drear;
The stars alone upon us shine,
And thus we pass our evening time.
Ride, brothers ride, &c.

Mr. and Mrs. Hale were the most hospitable people I ever knew. They made a practice of inviting all the friends that they met at the Windsor races - on a race meeting - to dine with them at Clifton or Fairfield. They also had a good lunch or pic-nic on the ground during the day. I was always welcome to these, and, full of youthful spirits, I enjoyed them greatly, and at them I met with many gentlemen of social and political position whose acquaintance I found of value in after life. The Fitzgeralds were more formal. They gave several grand balls, and at one of these I met the young lady whom I made my first partner in life, so that I had occasion to remember with gratitude their attentions to me. It was after one of these delightful gatherings that I was inspired to write the following lines which were afterwards set to music by the late Isaac Nathan, the composer of Byron's Hebrew Melodies, and an opera called "Don John of Austria":

'Tis sad to leave those scenes of joy
Where mirth and music's glee
Pervade each heart and smiling face
And all is melody.
'Tis sad to think of by-gone hours
When happy we have been,
But which in time's unwearied flight
Will never more be seen.

'Tis sad to say farewell to those
Dear friends whose converse sweet
Has brightened gloomy nights' long hours
And welcomed us to meet;
But sadder far, it is to part
From those we dearest love,
Oh I such a rending of the heart
Ascends to heaven above.



Active Adelaide, by 1855


"MRS. MITCHELL'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (10 April 1855), 3

Mrs. Wallace, a pupil of Mrs. Mitchell's, was also well received; she possesses a sweet voice, and a charming manner ...

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (3 October 1856), 2

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register (24 October 1856), 2

Mrs. Wallace gave great satisfaction in her song, "Slumber, my darling", and was pleasing, although not quite so effective, in "Auld Robin Gray".

"SIGNOR CUTOLO'S CONCERT AT GLENELG", South Australian Register (11 March 1859), 3

WALLACE, Alexander

Bandmaster, conductor, composer

Arrived Melbourne, 1872
Died Brighton Beach, VIC, March 1937, in his 91st year


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (26 August 1874), 1

"OUR LAUNCESTON LETTER", The Mercury (24 July 1877), 3

All our best musical talent kindly gave their services, and the new city band appeared for the first time in public, playing three times very creditably. Amongst their performances was a gallop, composed by the bandmaster, Mr. Wallace, and called by him the Tasmanian main line galop, which was very deservedly applauded by the audience.

"MR. WALLACE'S CONCERT", The Mercury (16 July 1879), 3

"MUSICAL ENTHUSIASM", Examiner (11 November 1926), 4

"THE BAND'S FOUNDER. MR. ALEXANDER WALLACE", Examiner (13 November 1926), 10

"WEDDED SIXTY YEARS TODAY", Examiner (24 September 1928), 9

"IN 91st YEAR. Death of Mr. A. Wallace", Examiner (15 March 1937), 6

The death has occurred of Mr. Alexander Wallace, musician, of Canterbury-place, Brighton, in his 91st year. Mr. Wallace, who was a native of Dundee, Scotland, arrived in Victoria with his wife in 1872, and later went to Launceston, where in 1876 he founded the Launceston City Band and the Musical Union. The City Band first appeared in public at Westbrook's auction mart in Paterson-street in 1877. Among the players was Mr. John H. Edwards, who afterwards became bandmaster in succession to Mr. Wallace, and who is the father of Mr. Chester Edwards, the present bandmaster. It has always been a very fine band, although it does not go in a great deal for competitions, because the founder held the opinion that competitions meant some degree of dislocation in the work of the band. One of the leading bands in Tasmania, it proved its quality by winning the open championship of Australia in 1887, and it was also well placed in other contests. In 1892, Mr. Wallace returned to Melbourne, and was the first conductor of the Victorian Railways Band. In addition, he founded the Lyric Club and was its conductor ... He was a very fine cornet soloist in his earlier years ...


WALLACE, Caroline (Miss GREEN; Mrs. S. W. WALLACE; Mrs. BATTERS)


WALLACE, Isabella (Miss KELLY; Mrs William Vincent WALLACE)

WALLACE, Spencer (senior)

WALLACE, Spencer Wellington

WALLACE, William Vincent

See main entry in William Vincent Wallace and family


Vocalist, actor

Born England, 1819

Arrived Sydney, 22 May 1854 (per Matchless, from San Francisco, 17 March and Honolulu, 17 April)
Departed Melbourne, November 1855
Died New York, 28 February 1899

Summary: Actors Emma and Daniel Waller, "from the principal Theatres of London, Dublin, and the United States" toured Australia in 1854-55, opening in Sydney in June 1854 playing Ophelia and Hamlet. She was also an accomplished singer, and was regularly billed for songs, as in the farce Loan of a Lover later in the month, when she sang several solos and a duet with Frank Howson. Emma's last Ophelia was in Melbourne, to G. V. Brooke as Hamlet, in November 1855, whereafter they cut short their intended stay and returned to Europe. Shortly after their departure, W. J. Johnson in Sydney published John Winterbottom's The Bird Song (as "Sung by Mrs Emma Waller") (copy at Historic Houses Trust NSW Library).



"ARRIVALS", Empire (23 May 1854), 2

"MORE AMERICAN STARS", Bell's Life in Sydney (27 May 1854), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1854), 4

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 June 1854), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 November 1855), 8

"MELBOURNE", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1855), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (26 November 1855), 6



Bass vocalist, pianist, songwriter, composer, builder and developer, publican and entrepreneur (Sir Joseph Banks Hotel, Botany)

Go to main page

James Waller (1819-1871)

WALLERSTEIN, Henri (Henry)


Active Bendigo, 1857-59


Orchestral trumpet player

Active Melbourne, 1861


"SOIREE AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE, CASTLEMAINE", Bendigo Advertiser (26 October 1857), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (8 December 1857), 3

"GRAND CONCERT", & [Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 February 1858), 3

"WAGES", Bendigo Advertiser (9 February 1858), 3

"A CURIOUS REFLECTION", Bendigo Advertiser (14 May 1858), 2

"CERTIFICATES [To insolvents]", The Argus (6 September 1859), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 May 1861), 8 [orchestra list]

Disambiguation: London-based composer Ferdinand Wallerstein; see "ART AND LITERARY GOSSIP", Empire (8 April 1863), 5

WALSHE, William Sesnan

Tenor vocalist
Born Geelong, VIC, July 1858
Died Harrogate, England, 1910

1880-03-29: At St. Patrick's Cathedral yesterday, a cantata "Laudate Dominum de coelis" arranged for solo, duet and chorus, and written expressly for the Easter Sunday services was performed by the choir. The composer was Mr. C. A. Tracy the cathedral organist. Haydn's Imperial Mass was performed, the leading soprano being Madame Fanny Simonsen, contralto, Mrs. Tracy, tenor Mr. Walshe, bass Mr. Rainford. An efficient chorus of about 50 voices assisted ... The attendance at the Juvenile Exhibition on Saturday was again very large, numbering 2,800 ... Mrs. Cutter, Mrs. Smythe, and Mrs Perraton each sang some very pleasing songs, as did also Messrs Walshe, Bergin aud Moyle ... The final quartette "The Blue Bells of Scotland" was rendered in a very pleasing manner by Mrs. Smythe, Mrs. Cutter, Mr. Walshe, and Mr Bergin, and the concert generally reflected credit on the conductor, Mr. Summers.

1883-09-22: At the Princess's on Saturday night last, Mr William Walshe, a gentleman with an excellent tenor voice, a good appearance, an intelligent manner, and who, moreover has enjoyed the good voice-training which is to be obtained by a course of study under that mistress of her art, Madame Lucy Chambers, made his first appearance. He was well received, and he deserved the reception. The part of the War Correspondent does not perhaps give a very abundant opportunity for display, but it enabled one to judge very fairly of the debutant; and so he may be congratulated upon the success he won.

1888-12-14: An Australian Tenor. Mr. William Walshe, the young Australian tenor was born in Geelong in July 1858, but has lived in Melbourne since he was two years old. In 1881, he began to be known as an excellent oratorio singer in such works as The Messiah, The Creation, The Seasons and The Redemption - in connection with the Philharmonic Society. Mr. Walshe was also a performing member of the Metropolitan Liedertafel for a couple of years. For a considerable time he held a good position in the Water Rates Department, but the operatic stage tempting him, Mr. Walshe accepted an engagement from Miss Emelie Melville, then performing at the old Princess, and made his first appearance in opera on September 15, 1883, in the character of Julian Hardy (Fatinitza), when all the cricketers in Melbourne thronged to see their confrere, and gave him a reception that lasted nearly ten minutes, for Walshe had been a prominent member of the East Melbourne and Carlton Cricket Clubs. In 1884 he went with the Melville Opera Troupe to India and the East, but the company disintegrating, he joined the section under Mr. Edward Farley's management, and travelled for about two years through India, China and Japan with that gentleman returning to Australia and appearing in Sydney, in 1886, after which he joined the Verdi opera company for a short time. During the last two years Mr. Walshe has been engaged at all the leading Sydney concerts, and altogether has had a pretty varied experience of the musical and theatrical professions, but has always been a favorite with the public and with the performers, while his old friends of the cricketing clubs to which he belonged are very proud of him. Mr. Walshe received all his instructions from Madame Lucy Chambers. Recently he has been singing very successfully at the Opera House in connection with Mr. Simonsen's company in the Bohemian Girl and Maritana. He is a son of Mr. J. S. Walshe, who was killed in 1870, endeavouring to save the life of the Hon. G. P. Smith. While on the eastern tour, and later, Mr. Walshe has played the leading tenor parts in Fatinitza, Royal Middy, Grand Duchesse, Belle Helene, Prince Methusalem, Les Cloches de Corneville, Olivette, La Fille de Madame Angot, La Mascotte, Trial by Jury, Pinafore, Pirates of Penzance, Patience, Girofle, Perichole, Mikado, Bohemian Girl, Maritana, Trovatore, Faust, Lily of Killarney, and Carmen.

1910-10-02: In recording the death of William Sesan [sic] Walshe at the age of 60, the London 'Era' of August 20 regretted the passing of 'a talented actor, and accomplished musician.' The Australian tenor had been in England since 1895 . . .


[News], The Argus (29 March 1880), 5

"ENTERTAINMENTS", The Australasian (22 September 1883), 18

"An Australian Tenor", Table Talk (14 December 1888), 16

"THE LATE WILLIAM WALSHE", Sunday Times (2 October 1910), 18

WALTON, Humphrey (Mr. H. W. WALTON)

Professor of music, viola (tenor) player

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 24 February 1838 (per Upton Castle, from Plymouth, 16 October 1837)
Died Redfern, Sydney, NSW, 16 June 1871, in his 50th year


Humphrey Walton, perhaps a descendent of the English piano builder of that name, was only 16 years old on arrival in Sydney, appearing on the shipping lists as "musician". He was listed among the (? string) instrumentalists at Eliza Bushelle's concert in December 1839, and at Isaac Nathan's Oratorio in Sydney in June 1841. He was possibly the Walton listed as an organist of St. Mary's Cathedral c.1848-54.

In December 1842, he advertised: "Pianoforte Wanted ...a very superior Instrument. Apply Mr. Walton, Professor of Music". Walton was "principal tenor" player at the first of Nathan's Australian Philharmonic Concerts in May 1844. With S. W. Wallace as leader, "Mr. Walton" was "Conductor" of the band at Maria Hinckesman's concert in October 1846. In June 1855, an advertisement appeared in the Herald: "Mr. H. W. WALTON, Professor of Music and Pianoforte tuner, begs to notify that he has removed from Prince-street, to No. 42, Palmer street, Woolloomooloo".

The same Walton had previously advertised in Brisbane, QLD, in September and October 1852 as a piano tuner and regulator. He was at Redfern-street, Redfern in 1863, and died there in June 1871. Though I am by no means certain, I am assuming for now that all these references are to one person.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (26 February 1838), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 December 1839), 1

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Monitor (2 July 1841),  2

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (10 September 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 May 1844), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (24 June 1844), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1846), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (27 October 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (25 September 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (9 October 1852), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (11 June 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1863), 7

"DEATHS", Empire (20 June 1871), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Edward F. Rimbault, The Pianoforte, its origin, progress, and construction (London: Rob. Cocks & Co., 1860), 150

Henry Curtis (1902), quoted in Birt, Benedictine pioneers, volume 2, 207

E. J. Lea-Scarlett, "Music, Choir and Organ", in Patrick O'Farrell (ed.), St. Mary's Cathedral Sydney, 1821-1971 ([Sydney]: Devonshire Press for St. Mary's Cathedral, 1971), 161's_Cathedral_Choir,_Sydney

WALTON, Thomas


Active Geelong, 1850s


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (12 February 1852), 1

"THE ST. PAUL'S TEA MEETING. To the Editor", Geelong Advertiser (2 June 1855), 2

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (7 February 1856), 3

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Geelong Advertiser (12 February 1856), 2



Born Sydney, NSW, 12 March 1858
Died Sydney, 4 January 1921


"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 March 1858), 1

"THE OPERA", Freeman's Journal (22 May 1875), 12

The large attendance at the Victoria Theatre on Saturday night showed that Signor Baldassari's humorous presentation of Crispino, in Celli's opera buffo, "Crispino e la Comara," had not been forgotten. But for the Sydney public there was double attraction in the first appearance on the stage of a new Australian singer, a native of Sydney, Miss Emma Wangenheim, who appeared in this opera in the vole of Annetta. Miss Wangenheim received a rapturous reception, and sustained her part very creditably. Her acting was spirited and graceful, and her singing was on the whole satisfactory. Miss Wangenheim's voice is sweet rather than of great compass, but perhaps the nervousness incident to a first appearance robbed it of its full power. During the performance a number of rich bouquets were offered as a tribute to this talented debutante.


"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 January 1921), 10

WANLESS, Charles

Blind musician (?amateur)

Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 February 1864, aged 36


"CORONER'S INQUEST", The Argus (15 February 1864), 5

WARD, Emma

Contralto vocalist

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1859


[Advertisement], The Star (12 September 1859), 3

"CRITERION CONCERT HALL", The Star (19 September 1859), 3

Miss Chalker and Miss Ward - the former a soprano and the latter a contralto voice - and artistes not unknown to fame, and as professionals rank high in public estimation.

"MISS ADA WARD. THE STAGE AND THE 'ARMY', A Romantic History", NZ Truth (11 May 1907), 7

The Australian stage has been favored with the presence of no less than four prominent performers of the name of Ward - the first Miss Emme Ward, a singer who appeared early in the fifties and brought with ber a reputation from the music-halls, and who succeeded fairly well in a like capacity in Victoria when music halls flourished in Melbourne and the chief inland towns, and money was plentiful and nuggets as common as "coppers" are to-day. Then there was Miss Kate Warde, a captivating actress ...

WARD, Henry

Bass vocalist (pupil of Antonio GIAMMONA), member of Sydney Owl Club

Active Sydney, NSW, c.1881-85



? [Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

HENRY WARD (Vocal), Moor-st., Fitzroy. [pupil of Henry James Witton]

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1881), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1884), 2

"Owls' Hyginx", Australian Town and Country Journal (1 November 1884), 30

Owls' Hyginx. THE complimentary entertainment tendered to the president, Mr. J. Caddy, on the 23rd, by the Owls, was attended by over 200 persons who listened to a good concert, in which the most noticeable items were a couple of charming ballads very charmingly sung by Mr. B. Foot; "Sunshine and Rain," by Caddy; Mr. Hinchy's "Angel at the Window," Hallewell's "Simon the Cellarer" (for which he was encored, and delighted everyone with a wicked "Old Bo'sn's Story"), and Mr. Ward's "Monarch of the Woods."

"Musical Matters", The Telegraph (15 March 1893), 7

Though always spoken of as an Australian, the promising basso cantante singer, Henry Ward, is really homebred (remarks a London correspondent). It was, however, in Sydney that Mr. Ward, after taking lessons from Giammona, first came to the fore. Giammona sent him home, and he finished his course under Randegger and William Shakespeare.

WARD, Seth Frank

Choirmaster, organist, school master (Christ Church)

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1862
Died Sydney, NSW, 7 March 1894, in his ? 69th year


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1862), 2

"CHRIST CHURCH SCHOOLS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1863), 2

? [Advertising], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 February 1866), 1

"CHRIST CHURCH MUSICAL AND LITERARY INSTITUTE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 November 1866), 5

[Advertising], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1868), 1

"ST. JOHN'S, BISHOPTHORPE", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1868), 4

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 March 1894), 1

"CHRIST CHURCH SCHOOLS AND RECTORY", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1905), 3


Bass vocalist, pianist

Active Australia, 1881-82


"ITEMS OF NEWS", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (1 March 1881), 2

THE well-known Lynch Family of bellringers, instrumentalists and vocalists, and their English Specialty Combination, comprising Mr. Charles Lyndhurst, the greatest living ventriloquist, Mr. Alfred Santley, baritone and comique; Mr. Frank Harcourt, lightning change artist; Mr. James Warde, basso; and Professor Alfred Statham - in all twelve artists - left Melbourne on the 28th proximo, on a lengthy overland tour to Brisbane, proceeding from there to Java and the East. Full particulars of their visit to this district will shortly appear in our advertising columns.

[News], The Riverine Grazier (26 March 1881), 2

The Bellringers. These celebrated musicians arrived in Hay on Thursday afternoon, and made their first appearance the same evening at the Masonic Hall. They justified all their great fame by their marvellous performances, and assisted by Mr. Lyndhurst the extraordinary ventriloquist, Mr. Santley, baritone; Mr. Ward, basso; and Professor Statham, pianist, gave an entertainment we could not have expected in this thinly peopled part of the colony . . .

[Advertisement], The Mercury (22 April 1882), 1

WARDE, Kate (Mrs. James H. VINSON)

Actor, vocalist

Active Sydney, by 1856
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 20 June 1872, aged 35

Trove search:"Kate+Warde"


Kate Warde first appeared at the Royal Victoria Theatre in Sydney in April 1856, and in July at Andrew Torning's newly renamed English Opera House (Prince of Wales Theatre), she sang Blockley's Hearts and Homes and Barker's I'm leaving thee in sorrow, Annie in a concert Annie, and also in La Sonnambula, in which: "Miss Warde played Lisa in a very charming and natural manner, and is deserving of commendation for her painstaking endeavour to make the most of the character". The actor Kate Vinson was her daughter.


"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1856), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (7 July 1856), 1

"ENGLISH OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1856), 2

"ENGLISH OPERA HOUSE. LA SONNAMBULA", Empire (14 July 1856), 5

"THE DRAMA. ROYAL VICTORIA", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 January 1857), 2

Thin houses and meagre "benefits" constitute the summary of the week. Mrs. Guerin's "benefit" on Monday, and Miss Kate Warde's on Thursday, were exceedingly equivocal tributes to the acknowledged talents of those ladies, and can only be attributed to the pressure of the times which enforces the relinquishment of luxuries on the part of the bees of the public hive.

"MISS KATE WARDE AT THE TOWN HALL", The Cornwall Chronicle (15 April 1870), 2

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 June 1872), 4

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (22 June 1872), 8

"MISS KATE VINSON'S BENEFIT", Bendigo Advertiser (28 August 1878), 3

"MISS ADA WARD. THE STAGE AND THE 'ARMY', A Romantic History", NZ Truth (11 May 1907), 7


Violin maker

Active Melbourne, 1853 (perhaps James WARDEN, below)


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 September 1853) 8


Violinist, violoncellist, Scotch vocalist, composer

Active Bendigo, 1854
Died Bendigo, 16 August 1870, aged 65 ("father of Miss Geraldine Warden")

1854: ...the Schottische is composed by Mr. Warden [...]


"BENDIGO ...OUR LOCAL EXHIBITION", The Argus (18 September 1854), 5

"BENDIGO", Colonial Times (21 September 1854), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (19 February 1856), 1

"HAYMARKET THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (12 July 1858), 3

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Bendigo Advertiser (17 September 1859), 3

"THE SANDHURST ATHENAEUM", Bendigo Advertiser (21 September 1859), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (15 October 1859), 1

"MISS GERALDINE WARDEN", Bendigo Advertiser (11 October 1867), 2

"DEATHS", Bendigo Advertiser (17 August 1870), 2

WARDEN, Geraldine

Soprano vocalist

Active Bendigo, by 1859; Melbourne, by 1863

1867: Debut of Miss Geraldine Warden. The Age reporter thus notices the debut of this promising artiste:-"The special attraction of the evening was the first appearance of a young lady, Miss Warden, well and favorably known in the colonies as a concert singer, but who has only recently been inducted in the mysteries of opera. Miss Warden is a very young lady, who made her first appearance on any stage at an amateur concert in Sandhurst, some six years ago. She received a sound rudimentary musical education from Mr. Otto Linden, then a professor of music in that township. In company with her sister and father, she shortly after made a tour of the principal goldfields, giving concerts in each. The proficiency she showed for her art then was remarked by all who knew her; and as she was a most ardent and indefatigable student, and had, though little more than twelve years of age, a remarkably good voice, there were not a few who predicted for her a brilliant career. When about fourteen, Miss Warden appeared at the Lyceum Theatre, Sandhurst, in a burlesque part, in which she achieved some success as a vocalist, but she did not then show any capacity as an actress, and, after playing a few nights, retired. After spending some time at home, Miss Warden resolved on adopting music as a profession, and accordingly look several engagements in the provinces. Mr. Harvey, of the Christy Minstrels, was the first manager who discovered Miss Warden's great talent, and he engaged her to travel with his company. This she did, and it was under that gentleman's auspices that she was established as a permanent favorite in Melbourne. Here she was not content to remain a mere concert singer. Placing herself under the direction of Signor Castelli she resumed her studies with a determination to conquer the disabilities which had rendered her first appearance on the dramatic stage a failure. Her aim was opera, and that alone. She had some difficulty in obtaining an appearance, but at last Mr. Lyster consented to engage her for his last Adelaide season. There she made her debut as Amina in "La Sonnambula", and was immediately taken into public favor. Her second part was the one she sustained last evening-the Princess Isabella; and in this her success was even more decided ...Her voice is a high soprano, particularly powerful in the upper notes, and in the lower clear and bell-like.


"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (5 July 1859), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 March 1863), 8

"LYSTER'S OPERA COMPANY. DEBUT OF MISS GERALDINE WARDEN", Bendigo Advertiser (23 November 1867), 2


Bandsman (Band of the 14th Regiment), cornet and saxe-horn player, band master

Born Brighton, Sussex
Arrived Melbourne, c.1867 (with regiment from New Zealand)
Died Richmond, Melbourne, 25 January 1896

See also Band of the 14th Regiment


[Advertisement], The Argus (12 June 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 September 1969), 8

[Advertisement], Alexandra and Yea Standard (27 February 1885), 4

[News], The Argus (12 February 1890), 7

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Sergeant Henry Warnecke (Warnick) (c.1829-1896)", Australia's red coat regiments


Soprano vocalist, composer

Born Albury, NSW, 1862
Died Sydney, NSW, 18 July 1927


Mrs. Wastell, a well-known composer and musician, whose death occurred in Sydney on Monday, had a large circle of friends in Adelaide. Her maiden name was Bennett, and she was born in New South Wales. She came to South Australia in 1883, and later married Mr. William Wastell. who for many years was in business in King William-street as a chemist. Mrs. Wastell was long connected with charities and the North Adelaide Baptist Church, and her work on their behalf gained her many friends. She was a talented musician and was a successful composer of ballads and songs, among her finest works being "Evening Shadows," a song which was awarded the first prize in an open competition inaugurated by Sir William Robinson (then Governor of the State). Mrs. Wastell was also awarded first prize in the Unley competitions several years ago for a beautiful song, entitled "Birds," which was sung by Mrs. J. B. Gard. Probably her best effort was "Memory," which had a large sale. She composed the words of her songs. Mrs. Wastell returned to Sydney five years ago.

Bibliography and resources:

WATERLAND, Blythe (alias of Henry BURTON)

WATERS, James (James WATERS)

Musician (late 4th Regiment of Foot, Band of the 4th Regiment)

Active ? Sydney, NSW, 1838

See also Band of the 4th Regiment


"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", New South Wales Government Gazette (14 November 1838), 999

"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", The Colonist (24 November 1838), 3


Ophicleide player, bandsman (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

WATKINS, James (Rev. Mr.)

Choir director

Born 1794
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1835
Died 1869


Eyewitness Columbus Fitzpatrick recollected "the Rev. Mr. Watkins, who took charge of the choir" at St. Mary's, Sydney.



Bibliography and resources:

C. J. Duffy (ed.), Catholic religious and social life in the Macquarie era: as portrayed in the letters of Columbus Fitzpatrick (1810-1878) (Sydney: Catholic Press Newspaper Company, Ltd., 1966), 17-19

Patrick O'Farrell, Documents in Australian Catholic history: 1788-1883 (Sydney: G. Chapman, 1969), 32-33

Other sources:

Watkins family papers, ca. 1810-1965, consisting of material related to a number of branches of the Watkins family that emigrated to Australia in the mid 1800s. Notable figures represented in the collection include James Watkins (1794-1869) a Catholic Priest who emigrated from London in 1835 ...


Professor of music

Active Bairnsdale, VIC, by 1893
Died, April 1917


[Advertisement], Bairnsdale Advertiser (3 August 1893), 2

Mr. C. W. L. WATSON, Professor of Music, Singing and Voice Production, &c., &c., (Late of the Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind), WILL receive pupils at the Fire Brigade Hall. Mr Watson is especially qualified for instructing in the above, and holds testimonials from Mr. David Lee, Melbourne City Organist; Mr. A. J. Pallett, leading tenor at St. Paul's Cathedral, and from Mr. A. H. Whinfield, organist of Christ Church, Brunswick.

[News], Bairnsdale Advertiser (28 April 1917), 2

Mr. C. W. L. Watson, music teacher, Bairnsdale, died at the residence of his mother last Wednesday. He had been in failing health for sometime, and left Bairnsdale about a fortnight ago to go home in consequence of the serious illness of his brother, who died shortly afterwards. Mr. Watson's death will be deplored by everyone who knew him. Handicapped though he was by being sightless, he was a singularly well-informed man and a musician of more than average ability.

[News], Snowy River Mail (4 May 1917), 3

WATSON, George

Pianoforte and Organ Tuner

Active Sydney, NSW, 1855-57


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 October 1857), 8

PIANOFORTE, Organ, tuning and repairing. Mr. G. WATSON, from London, with twenty years' practical knowledge of the above, and the last two years and four months in the employ of W. J. Johnson, of Sydney, as tuner or repairer. He is now at liberty to undertake all orders conferred upon him, by addressing Mr. G. WATSON, post-office, Paddington. - N.B. Pianos, organs erected, removed, and all kinds of musical musical instruments tuned and repaired.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1857), 1

NOTICE. - In reference to the advertisement by GEORGE WATSON, notifying that he is now at liberty to undertake all orders in relation to organ and pianoforte tuning and repairing, I beg to state that the said George Watson is under an agreement to serve me as Pianoforte and Organ Tuner, &c, for the term of three years, which term will not expire until May next, and, consequently, I am still entitled to his services. He is now absent from my services without my sanction or authority; and all parties employing him will be accountable to me. W. J. JOHNSON, 57, Pitt-street, Sydney

WATSON, Robert (R. H. L. WATSON, R.A.M.)

Singing instructor, organist, composer

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1870; Sydney, NSW, 1872-73


At a grand concert for the Queen's Birthday in Bendigo in May 1870, Charles Horsley conducted a New Mass composed by Watson.


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (31 January 1870), 3

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (3 May 1870), 1

"REPETITION OF MR. WATSON'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (9 June 1870), 2

"GRAND SACRED AND SECULAR CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (7 July 1870), 2

"ORGANIST OF ST. FRANCIS' CATHEDRAL", Bendigo Advertiser (2 May 1871), 2

"MUSICAL", Bendigo Advertiser (3 May 1871), 2

"ACCIDENT TO MR. R. H. L. WATSON", Bendigo Advertiser (20 July 1871), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1872), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1872), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1872), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 August 1872), 9

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1873), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1873), 1

"MELBOURNE", Empire (22 November 1873), 2

Musical works:

Mass in C [Bendigo, 1870]

My silent grief ("that favourite song") (Sydney: L. Moss, [1872])

Put me in my little bed ("Pianoforte transcription of the popular song") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1872])

Naida: grand galop de concert ("dedicated to ... Lady Robinson") (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1872])

Let there be light (words: Mrs. E. B. Parnell; "composed especially for Andrew Fairfax") (Sydney: J. Reading, [1873])

My dream (song; "sung by Mr. H. Ackland") (Sydney: J. Reading, [1873])

Don't vex mama (words: Mrs. E. B. Parnell) (Sydney: Jas. Reading and Co., [? 1873]

WATTS, J. (Mr.)

Violinist, teacher of dancing, quadrille master, bandmaster

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1857-58


[Advertisement], The Argus (14 April 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 June 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 September 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 August 1858), 8


Bandsman, clarionet player

Born 1832
Active Melbourne, VIC, by mid 1840s


"PIONEERS' ASSOCIATION", The Argus (7 December 1910), 4

The monthly meeting of the Early Pioneers' Association was held at the Thistle Cafe last evening, Mr. Thomas Lang presided. The Rev. Duncan Fraser told some interesting stories of 50 years ago. Mr. John Waugh, of St. Kilda, gave startling reminiscences of what he witnessed 70 years ago in Melbourne ...


Personal reminiscences of John Waugh (MS)

Bibliography and resources:

W. A. Sanderson, "Mr. John Waugh's reminiscences of early Melbourne", The Victorian Historical Magazine15/1 (December 1933), 1-18, esp. 14

... In 1846, a band was formed in connection with the Russell Street Temperance Society, under the leadership of Mr. George Tickell, in which Mr. Waugh himself played the clarionet. This band gave weekly performances on the Flagstaff Hill.

Associations: George TICKELL, and/or John TICKELL


Bandsman (Band of the 40th Regiment)

Active Australia and NZ, c.1860

See also Band of the 40th Regiment, second tour


"A CASE OF DISTRESS. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (9 October 1860), 6 

Sir, - A most distressing scene was witnessed in the burial-ground on Saturday last. About 4 o'clock p.m., an ordinary cart, followed by two females, was seen wending its way to the gates of the Cemetery. The sight of this humble cortege induced me to stay and ascertain the contents of the vehicle. I soon saw that it contained two small coffins; and, from the intense grief depicted on the countenance of one of those two females, I conjectured that the bodies of the two children contained therein belonged to that poor woman ... From inquiries, I ascertained that the mourner's name was Weaver. Her husband belongs to the band of the 40th Regiment, now in New Zealand ...


WEAVERS, Masters

Boy vocalists

WEAVERS, Master C. (? Charles)

Boy vocalist

? Born Sydney, 1827

Active Sydney, 1839-42


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (1 November 1839), 4

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (12 November 1839), 3

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (29 November 1839), 4

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (6 December 1839), 4

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (3 January 1840), 4

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 3

"FUNERAL SERMON", The Sydney Herald (16 February 1841), 3

On Sunday last the Reverend Mr. Steel, at St. Peter's Church, Cook's River, delivered and excellent and pathetic address to his Congregation ... on Mrs. [Cornelius] Prout, a lady highly esteemed, and suddenly taken from a lovely young family and an affectionate husband ... The musical part of the service on this occasion was admirably conducted by Mr. Deane, "Vital Spark" was well performed and sung, the principal Vocalist was Master C. Weavers.

"The Oratorio", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 June 1841), 2

... the names of parties who do not intend to sing there, and who, moreover, have never been even asked, are blazoned to the public as performers "to be about to be", at the approaching Oratorio - the name of Master C. Weavers is an instance.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1842), 1



Active Campbelltown, NSW, 1844; Adelaide, SA, 1845


"CAMPBELL TOWN SCHOOL", Morning Chronicle (13 January 1844), 3

A prize was also awarded, by Mr. Webb, (who officiates as Organist to the Church), to Miss Sarah Warby, for her proficiency in the choir.

"THE CATHOLICS", South Australian Register (1 February 1845), 3

Mr. Webbe, who lately arrived in the Emma, from Sydney, was for some time organist of the Catholic Church, Campbelltown. He is to superintend the vocal and instrumental music of the Cathedral shortly to be erected in Adelaide.

WEBB, Peter


Active Sandy Creek, VIC, 1857


"A COLONIAL SMASHER", Bendigo Advertiser (4 July 1857), 3

Matthias Slingsby was charged with uttering base coin. A considerable time was spent in taking the evidence in this case, which was very voluminous. It appeared the prisoner was a gentleman at large, and when apprehended by Sergeant Ryall, close to Sandy Creek, his swag was found to contain the usual tools of the professional smasher. He had scattered his handy-work in all directions, and among his victims was Peter Webb, one of the musicians of the Bird-in-Hand Hotel. He indulged the prisoner's taste for music by performing certain favorite tunes, for which he was paid in counterfeit shillings.

WEBB, William

Musician, bandsman, Captain Piper's Band, ? convict

Died Kelso, NSW, May 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Supreme Courrt", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 February 1833), 2 

... William Webb - I am a shoemaker by trade, and reside near Alloway Bank, the estate of Captain Piper, by whom I was occasionally employed as a musician; as a shoemaker I work for my own advantage; I know the prisoner at the bar; he is an assigned servant to Captain Piper; I remember the shoes now produced; I repaired them for the prisoner Grey ...

"BATHURST. SUDDEN DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 June 1847), 2 

On Sunday night, a man named Webb died rather suddenly at Kelso, in a small cottage near Mr. M'Crea's. He had been unwell, having been afflicted with dropsy and consumption; on the previous day he was better than he had been for some time, and was in Bathurst to unship the previous day; during that night he became worse, and continued so until midnight on Sunday, when he expired. The deceased was a shoemaker by trade, had been a soldier, and for many years a member of Captain Piper's band.

WEBER, Adelaide von (baroness von SCHLEISZ)


Active NSW, by 1858
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 2 March 1901, in her 85th year


Wife of Adalbert Weber, superintendent of roads at Braidwood, from 1870. In July 1870, J. R. Clarke published her setting of Hail! glorious light of life (a morning hymn, composed and arranged for four voices by Madame Adelaide von Weber, the words by the Rev. W. B. Clarke, of the North Shore).


"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1858), 1

"NEW MUSIC", Evening News (26 July 1870), 3

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 September 1870), 21

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 March 1901), 1

WEBER, Albert (John Frederick Albert WEBER)

Musician, professor of music, pianoforte maker and organ builder

Active Hobart, TAS, by mid 1857
Died Melbourne, VIC, 7 February 1883 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"OPENING OF THE NEW ORGAN IN ST. DAVID'S CATHEDRAL", Colonial Times (28 July 1857), 3 

... The Organ which arrived per Heather Bell, was erected in the Cathedral by Mr. Weber, a German organ builder.

[Advertisement], The Tasmanian Daily News (12 August 1857), 3 

ST. DAVID'S CATHEDRAL [accounts for new organ] ...
Remittances to England in payment of Organ ... 300 0 0
Premium on ditto ... 6 10 0
Mr. Weber for building organ ... 15 0 0

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (22 April 1858), 3

"THE TASMANIAN TIMBER. TO THE EDITOR", The Mercury (14 July 1863), 3

"INSOLVENT COURT. In re JOHN ALVAREZ", The Mercury (21 April 1864), 2

"THE INTERCOLONIAL EXHIBITION", The Argus (22 December 1866), 5

...Last to be mentioned, but not nearly least worth notice, is a vertical grand piano, a patent invention of its manufacturer, Mr. Albert Weber, of 77 Gertrude-street, Fitzroy, and late of Tasmania, he having made his first piano of colonial woods, at Hobart Town, so long ago as 1856. In his father's manufactory, at Hanover, he paid considerable attention to wood as a sound-producing agent; and this piano, the first he has manufactured here, is of colonial wood, even to the smallest part of the mechanism, his experience having taught him that seasoned colonial woods will endure the climate better than the imported article. Unlike other exhibitors, Mr. Weber has furnished visitors with the means of knowing what colonial woods he has used, and they are stringy bark, red mahogany (Eucalyptus rostrata), Huon pine, sassafras, cedar, red myrtle, and bark ...

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (13 June 1867), 6

[News], The Argus (15 October 1873), 5

"Deaths", The Age (9 February 1883), 1 

"Marriages", The Argus (24 March 1883), 1

WEBER, Albert G. C.

Pianist, organist, choral conductor, teacher of music

Died Adelaide, SA, 22 November 1935, aged 76


"DEATHS", The Advertiser (25 November 1935), 14

"Death of Mr. Albert Weber", The Advertiser (2 December 1935), 17

Mr. Albert Weber, of Flinders Park, who was prominent in the early musical life of Adelaide, died at the age of 76 last week. He began, his musical career as a boy chorister in the German Church, Finders street, and later studied the organ and piano under Mr. I. G. Riemann, at the Adelaide College of Music, which was the forerunner of the Adelaide Conservatorium now under the control of the Adelaide University. Mr. Weber served as organist at many Adelaide churches. He first played at the German Church, and, after 15 years at St. Cuthbert's Church, Prospect, he was organist for All Souls' Church, St Peter', St. Theodore's Church, Rose Park and St. Luke's Church, Whitmore square. Mr. Weber was instrumental in raising the standard of singing in the choirs he controlled, and arranged many of the well-known oratorios to make them suitable for church choirs. For 30 years he was associated with Werthiems Ltd. In his position as head of the tuning and repair department, he became associated with many of the leading musicians who visited Adelaide, and with local professional musicians. Mr. Weber is survived by his widow, who was formerly Miss Sophie Berryman, a well-known Adelaide singer, six daughters, and two sons.

WEBER, Emil Rudolph (Emile)

Pianist, organist, vocalist (Melbourne Liedertafel), publican

Born ? Germany, 1827/28
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 20 August 1849 (per Wilhelmina Maria, from Hamburg)
Died Schwarzburg, Germany, 8 October 1892 (late of Melbourne and Sydney), aged 64


"ARRIVED", South Australian Register (1 September 1849), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

"ARRIVALS", Empire (25 September 1851), 2

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (13 December 1851), 3

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", The Star (25 February 1861), 4

[Advertisement], The Star (5 April 1864), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 April 1864), 2

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (16 January 1865), 2

"Unsere Nachbar-Colonien. Wochenbericht aus Victoria", Süd Australische Zeitung (10 April 1867), 6-7

[News], The Argus (10 September 1868), 4

"Facts & Scraps", The Australasian Sketcher (18 April 1874), 14

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 October 1875), 10

"Insolvency Court", Evening News (30 June 1882), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1892), 1

WEBER, Peter

Clarionet player (Theatre Royal, H. Schrader's Band)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1869-90


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 May 1869), 1

... Grand Aria - "Gratias Agimus Tibi" - (Guglielmi) - Madame Anna Bishop. Clarionette Obligate, Herr Weber.

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (10 June 1870), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (31 May 1882), 1

Mr. PETER WEBER, Late Solo Clarionette, Theatre Royal, and principal Clarionette in the late H. Schrader's Band, purposes forming an AMATEUR BRASS AND REED BAND, also an INSTRUCTION CLASS for preparing Pupils desirous of joining the same.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (2 June 1882), 1

"POPULAR CONCERT IN THE TOWN HALL", The South Australian Advertiser (24 July 1882), 6

[News], Gippsland Times (23 May 1884), 3

"A CHARITY CONCERT", The Advertiser (23 August 1890), 6

WEBSTER, John Campbell

Musicseller, music publisher

Born ? England, c. 1811
Active Melbourne, by August 1862 (as "Wilkie, Webster and Co.")
Active Melbourne, VIC, by January 1869 (as "Wilkie, Webster, and Allan")
Died Moonee Ponds, VIC, 20 January 1875, aged 64


[Advertisement], The Argus (29 August 1862), 8

The undersigned begs to intimate to his numerous customers and the public that he has this day ADMITTED Mr. J. C. WEBSTER as MANAGING PARTNER in the music business which has been carried on by himself for the last 12 years. Mr. Webster has had great experience in the business in England, having been for upwards of 20 years in the celebrated house of Messrs. John Broadwood and Sons, and will, by attention to business, endeavour to secure to himself that confidence which has so long been placed in the undersigned ... JOSEPH WILKIE, I5 Collins-street east.

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 January 1869), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 April 1870), 8

"Deaths", The Argus (21 February 1875), 1

[News], The Argus (27 January 1875), 1s

The death of Mr J. C. Webster late of the firm of Wilkie Webster, and Allan in Collins street east makes another break in the chain connecting the present musical generation with the past. A period of nearly 40 years of service in the great London house of Broadwood and Sons brought him in contact with all the musical celebrities of the time whether of the French, German, Italian or English schools. A friend of Ries, the favourite pupil of Beethoven, he was also intimate in those circles wherein Smart and Stevenson were leaders. No man in this country was master of a greater fund of anecdote in connexion with the musical world of his day than the late Mr. Webster and his conversation amongst his intimates on such subjects was always full of interest and entertainment. He died at his place at Moonee Ponds on the 20th inst., aged 64 years.


John Broadwood and Sons, Ferdinand Ries, George Smart


Chinese musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1863


[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3

WEHLE, Charles (Karl)

Pianist, composer

Born Prague, 17 March 1825
Arrived Melbourne, June 1870 (on the mail steamer Geelong from Europe)
Departed Sydney, 1 January 1871 (for New Zealand)
Died Paris, France, 3 June 1883

Charles Wehle, ? c.1860



Wehle came from a wealthy merchant family in Prague. He studied piano with Moscheles, and with Theodor Kullak in Berlin, before settling in Paris. From there he undertook a round the world tour for the piano maker Pleyel, spending approximately six months in Australia before sailing, via New Zealand, for San Francisco. At his last Sydney concert he was billed to give the Australian premiere of Beethoven's Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op.37, with the opera orchestra, though in the event he played only one movement. Also of note is his letter of appreciation of Charles Horsley's Euterpe published in the Melbourne Argus in August 1870.


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 April 1870), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 June 1870), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 June 1870), 8

"MR. C. WEHLE'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (6 August 1870), 2

"MONS. CHARLES WEHLE'S CONCERT", The South Australian Advertiser (31 August 1870), 3

"MR. HORSLEY'S CANTATA. TO THE EDITOR", The Argus (11 August 1870), 7

[Advertisement], Empire (3 October 1870), 1

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (8 October 1870), 21

Herr Charles Wehle, the pianist, has appeared at two concerts at the School of Arts (the third having been withdrawn), each of them being very thinly attended. An artist of great renown throughout the musical world of Europe, whom many heard in London and Paris in 1848, though only travelling through the colonies for health and pleasure, should certainly have made his first appearance here under more favourable auspices, and should have commanded the support of all musical connoisseurs. For a quarter of a century Herr Wehle's name has been in the foremost ranks of composers and executants. His fame is grounded more especially on his compositions than on his performances. He is a very brilliant player, his execution being full of fire and remarkably accurate. His touch is firm, perhaps not quite so delicate as to produce great contrast in light and shade; but in passages requiring vigour Herr Wehle's manipulation has not been excelled, if equalled by any artist whom we know in this country. The dirge-melody of Chopin's "Marche Funebre" lost effect by being taken in rather too quick time. In playing his own compositions Herr Wehle displays great animation; they are written in the best school of classical instruction, and are remarkably characteristic of their intended delineation. A "Marche Cosaque" is very original-quite Polish in style; the "Impromptu Styrienne", a "Canzonetta" (quite Bohémienne), and a drinking-song "Chant des Buveurs", very stirring and effective. In the latter case an encore could not be resisted; Mendelssohn's "Wedding March", was full of dashing brilliance ....

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 December 1870), 20

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 December 1870), 21

People can easily appreciate the beauty of a good thing in art without positively understanding it. There is something in the beauty of classical music which, if adequately rendered, will attract the senses though the mind may not compass its positive merits. No greater proof could be given of M. Wehle's merits as a pianist than the reception given to him at what may, in reality, be called his first appearance here at the benefit of Mr. Lascelles, at the opera, before a remarkably full house on Tuesday evening. The pianoforte usually makes but little effect in a large theatre where half its sound is lost amongst the wings and other openings of the stage, still less when accompanied by an orchestra, which, though assisting in a measure the solo instrument by combining the various harmonies, nevertheless frequently overpowers the vibrating strings. Even still less when classical music is played to a usually unsympathising audience; but it is a fact almost unparalleled in the history of music (quite so with regard to Australia) that a classical concerto by Beethoven - that in C minor - should not only have been encored, but with the most spontaneous warmth, and though, when we consider the state of music in this country, it must be acknowledged that the enthusiasm was due to the great merits of M. Wehle's execution; yet something must be placed to the account of the grandeur of the piece itself, and the capability of the audience to understand music of this description. The concert was by no means caviare to the multitude. Of course, in a miscellaneous performance like that of Tuesday, an entire concerto occupying usually over half an hour, would, to most people, have been wearying; the executant wisely confined himself, therefore, to one movement ...

"ARRIVAL OF THE CITY OF MELBOURNE", Auckland Star (6 January 1871), 2

"NOTES", Folio [Boston] (April 1871), 81

M. Charles Wehle, pianist and composer has arrived in San Francisco, via Australia, from Paris.

"PIANOFORTES IN THE EXHIBITION.-VI.", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 January 1880), 5

Some ten years since Pleyel sent an artist of exceptional skill (Charles Wehle) with some of his instruments on a tour through Australia, New Zealand, Honolulu, and America. In all places concerts were given, and the merits of the pianos made known in the most agreeable manner by a musician thoroughly capable of appreciating and interpreting them.

Bibliography and resources:,_Karl




Violinist, composer, ? bandmaster

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1855

WEICHMANN, Master C. (or G.)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1865-66


The "Celebrated BAND" newly arrived by the Ship August, from Hamburg, gave a Grand Concert at Adelaide's Hotel Europe on 18 May 1855, the program including three compositions by H. Weichmann, notably a march Sehnsucht nach Australien, a grand polonaise Remembrance, and The waves waltz. The Weichmann Family gave a musical entertainment at Adelaide's Hamburg Coffee-House a few days later. In Melbourne, in April 1865, Master C. Weichmann, aged 7, performed a violin solo at a meeting of the German Gymnastic Association, and the following year appeared in concert with Julius Herz. G. Weichmann, Junior, "the well-known violinist" was advertising in Nelson, NZ, in March 1867.

1857: HEINRICK WEICHMANN, (Solo Violinist of Theatre Royal, Melbourne) BEGS to inform the public that he is always ready for Engagements of Musicians for Balls, &c. Address, Freemasons Arms, High-street, Beechworth.

1862: The causes heard yesterday in the County Court were of no public interest, with the exception of Weinmann [sic] v. Lauher and Wife, which disclosed a state of things which it is to be hoped is not usually met with. The plaintiff, a German purveyor of street music, in the year 1857 imported with him from his native land five young females, who were articled to him as apprentices, to learn from him, as best he could teach them, the art (frequently heard to perfection in Melbourne streets) of abusing the powers of instruments intended to be used for the production of musical sounds. The plaintiff and his youthful apprentices duly reached Melbourne, where their labours proved highly profitable to the plaintiff, until, as it appeared from the evidence, through his having established relations with the female defendant which were quite inconsistent with the sixth article of their agreement, "that he should be towards her a faithful protector," she was compelled for a time to seek shelter in the Lying-in Hospital. On leaving this asylum, she determined to leave the plaintiff's service, but he refused to allow her to take away her clothes or her banjo until she had signed an IOU (produced in court), purposing to be an acknowledgement for so much of her passage-money as was then, according to plaintiff's calculation, not repaid to him by her services to that date ...

1862: This insolvent was the German importer of singers and performers of street music, whose actions brought against two of the latter in the County Court excited some attention a few weeks since.

1865: The performance by Master C. Weichmann, a musician of the tender age of seven years, of a violin solo must not be overlooked. The piece selected for the display of the juvenile talent was a polonnaise by Mayseder, which was executed in a manner that showed, on the part of one so young, a surprising amount of musical knowledge.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 May 1855), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 May 1855), 1

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (11 July 1857), 2

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (21 July 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 November 1857), 4 "THE GERMAN GYMASTIC ASSOCIATION", The Argus (18 April 1865), 5

[News], The Argus (25 March 1862), 4

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (16 April 1862), 6

[News], The Argus (3 July 1866), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 August 1862), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 July 1866), 8

[Advertisement], Nelson Evening Mail (27 March 1867), 3


Teacher of music and singing (pupil of Thalberg and Garcia), vocalist, pianist

Active Adelaide, SA, and Melbourne, VIC, 1866-67


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (22 November 1866), 1

"TOWN HALL, PORT ADELAIDE", South Australian Register (30 November 1866), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (5 December 1866), 1

"THE MUSICAL FESTIVAL", The Argus (20 April 1867), 6

Madame Wienbarg, whose voice when untaxed by extraordinary exertion is musical and tolerably sonorous, sang the last bars of the recitative "And suddenly there was" nearly half a tone above the proper note, causing a thrill of agony to pervade the audience, and unmistakable indications of deprecation to proceed from them. In the soprano sequence to "He shall feed His flock" the vocalist recovered her lost ground, and the plaudits which followed testified to the favourable impression produced by her. She was less fortunate in her delivery of "I know that my Redeemer", which was again painfully sharp.

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1867), 8

WEINRITTER, George Mitchell (Michelle)

Singing master, dancing master, composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1856
Died St Kilda, VIC, 22 February 1873, aged 55 (NLA persistent identifier)


Weinritter was a music master at the Model Schools in Victoria Parade, Melbourne by April 1856, teaching "English, French, Italian and German singing", when he also "presided at the pianoforte" at the meeting of the Collingwood Glee Club. Weinritter was still teaching in St. Kilda in January 1873, the year of his death. His (?) widow, who had remarried the chemist and goldminer Mica Smith in 1875, died in 1884.


[Advertisement], The Argus (2 April 1856), 3

"COLLINGWOOD GLEE CLUB", The Argus (26 April 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 February 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1857), 1

[Review], The Journal of Australasia 3/11 (May 1857), 236

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (1 May 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 May 1857), 7


Five original melodies composed by Mr. Weinritter for the use of the pupils in the various national schools are published in the first number of the above named musical serial, a work which will be of considerable service to singing masters. The words are well chosen, and their selection is creditable to the taste of Messrs. Bonwick and Weinritter, by whom most of the melodies of the first part have been composed.

[Advertisement]: "NEW SONG", The Argus (29 June 1858), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 June 1858), 8

"Victoria", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 September 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 January 1873), 7

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 March 1873), 4

"MARRIED", The Argus (11 June 1861), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 May 1884), 1

"MARRIED", The Argus (14 March 1896), 1

Musical works:

Kangaroo hunt polka (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie; Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857])

The Pic-Nic Point schottische (Melbourne: For the author by Joseph Wilkie, [1857])

The Yarra-Yarra waltzes ([Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, 1857]) NO COPY IDENTIFIED

The Melbourne varsovienne (Melbourne: Published for the Author by Joseph Wilkie, [? 1857/58])

Rose of England, fare thee well (song dedicated to His Excellency the Governor; sung by Octavia Hamilton; "composed on the occasion of the Princess Royal's marriage") ([Melbourne, Joseph Wilkie, 1858]) NO COPY IDENTIFIED

Thirty-three easy songs (in two or more parts (principally original) compiled for the use of the Australian youth by G.M. Weinritter and W. Bonwick) (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1858)

An original hymn in Honour of the 99th Anniversary of the birth of Humboldt (words: Dr. Migeod; for the Victorian Liedertafel) [September 1859]

Bibliography and resources:

Report of the Minister of Public Instruction (Melbourne: Victorian Department of public Instruction, 1880), 178, 182

J. Alex. Allan, The old model school: its history and romance (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1934)


See also Pollard family of musicians

WEIPPERT, Albert Francis

Musician, pianist, piano tuner

Born London, March 1842
Active Launceston, by 1865



Born London, c. 1850
? Arrived Active VIC, by 1867
Died Melbourne, VIC, 25 July 1939, aged 89 years and 10 months

WEIPPERT, Mary Eleanor = Mrs. J. J. POLLARD [1]

WEIPPERT, Corunna Elizabeth = Mrs. J. J. POLLARD [2]


The father of all the above was John Michael WEIPPERT (1775/6-1831), a harpist, was a younger brother of the more famous composer and bandmaster John Erhradt WEIPPERT (1766-1823); their mother, Corunna Gootch Bradford WEIPPERT (b. c.1809), came to Australia, and died ar South Melbourne, 29 March 1899

The singer Emma Weippert had a small but respectable career as a character singer in Melbourne theatres. Albert Weippert, her brother, first advertised in Tasmania as a former member of Weippert's band. Respectively in 1853, and 1976, Emma's sisters Mary Eleanor, and Corunna Ellizabeth, married James Joseph Pollard.


"ACCIDENTAL DEATH OF MR. WEIPPERT, QUEEN'S HARPIST", The Perth Gazette (15 June 1844), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (26 September 1865), 5

"EVANDALE", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 February 1866), 5

"INSOLVENT COURT", Launceston Examiner (16 December 1865), 3

"THE EMU CONCERT HALL", The McIvor Times (18 January 1867), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 October 1867), 8

"THE HOSPITAL BENEFIT", The McIvor Times (24 April 1868), 2

"POPULAR EVENINGS AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Bendigo Advertiser (27 May 1868), 2

[News], The Argus (23 December 1868), 5

"The Spring Creek Rush", Warwick Examiner (20 February 1869), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 October 1869), 8



"OPENING OF THE NEW BILLIARD ROOMS", The North Eastern Ensign (13 September 1872), 3

"THE INFANT MOZART CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (20 August 1878), 2

"DEATHS", The Argus (30 March 1889), 1

"Mother at Daughter's Golden Wedding", The Argus (3 June 1938), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 July 1939), 10

"STAGE ASIDES", Townsville Daily Bulletin (27 September 1939), 3

Associations: James Joseph Pollard


Songwriter and composer, teacher of pianoforte and singing, organist

Born Edinburgh, Scotland, 4 March 1858
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 29 August 1883 (per Sir Herbert Maxwell, from Port Natal, 23 July)
Died Sydney, NSW, 25 August 1942 (NLA persistent identifier)


He was son of German musician Frederick A. L. Weierter (b. Nassau, 1826) who arrived Scotland, c.1850, and Sarah Kay (b. Dundee, 1838). Weierter wrote songs for Williamson's Sydney Christmas pantomimes Little Red Riding Hood in 1899 (the patriotic song and chorus Children of the empire survives) and in 1900 for Australis; or, The city of Zero.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (30 August 1883), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 September 1883), 1

[Advertisement], Border Watch (31 October 1883), 4

"MARRIAGE", Gippsland Times (28 October 1887), 3

"Tasmanian International Exhibition", The Mercury (13 May 1895), 3

"NEW DANCE MUSIC" The Mercury (29 July 1899), 2

"PATRIOTIC MATINEE", Evening News (6 December 1899), 4

"AMUSEMENTS", Evening News (23 December 1899), 3

"STAGELAND", Evening News (15 December 1900), 8s

"DEATH OF MR. F. W. WEIRTER", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 August 1942), 9

The death took place yesterday of Frederick William Weirter, until recently editor of "The Scottish Australian," who had had a varied and adventurous career as soldier, musician, and journalist. He was born in Edinburgh more than 80 years ago, where his father, a teacher of music, instructed him in the organ, the piano, and theory. He was studying medicine when, in consequence of a disagreement with his father, he enlisted in the British Army, and saw service with the Hussars in India and South Africa. He fought against the Zulus in 1878. Later he fought with the Boers in a native rebellion. He served with the Natal Carabineers against the Boers in the first Boer War, acting as galloper to Sir Evelyn Wood. In 1883 he came to Australia, arriving in Adelaide in a 220-ton barquentine. His first job was as a church organist at Mount Gambier, but a year later he moved to a similar job in Williamstown, Victoria. His next venture was with a dramatic company to Gippsland. Afterwards he accepted a post as church organist in Sale, where he married. In 1890 he joined the theatrical firm of Williamson and Musgrove as composer, and songs, choruses, ballets, and pantomimes from his pen became favourites of the day. With J. F. Sheridan he toured Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. In the Great War he became a drill instructor. But his later years led him to journalism. He was on the staff of "The Sydney Morning Herald" for some years.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 August 1942), 14

Associations: With Leon Caron (co-composer) and Bernard Espinasse (librettist) on J. C. Williamson's Sydney Christmas pantomimes, Little Red Riding Hood (1899), and Australis; or, The city of Zero (1900)


Music-seller, music publisher, printer, stationer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853-67, as "Reading and Wellbank" (with James READING)
Died Glebe, Sydney, NSW, 10 December 1867


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 October 1853), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1867), 7

WELLER, Ann (Miss)

Amateur pianist, vocalist, collector of sheet music

Active Sydney, NSW, ? c.1845-53


Owner bound album of 19th-century printed music; owned by Miss Ann Weller (whose signature appears on various pieces), and bound by Kern & Mader, Hunter St., Sydney [1845-53]; State Library of New South Wales 


Professor of Dancing

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1852


[Advertisement], The Argus (5 November 1852), 3

WENTZEL, Albert (Wentzel ALBERT)

Violinist, music teacher, composer

Born Bohemia, 1857
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, mid 1888
Died North Sydney, NSW, 18 April 1933, aged 76 (TROVE user list "Wentzel family")



"MR. A. WENTZEL", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1933), 9 

Mr. Albert Wentzel, formerly well known in Sydney musical circles, died yesterday morning at the age of 76. He was born in Bohemia, and originally his name was Wentzel Albert. He came to Australia as first violinist at the Melbourne Exhibition, then moved to Sydney, and played second violin with the Orpheus String Quartet. In the days of Signor Hazon he was for some time leader of the second violins in the Amateur Orchestral Society and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestras. Latterly he had done a good deal of teaching. He is survived by Mrs. Wentzel and two sons, Messrs. Charles and Norbert Wentzel. The funeral will leave the North Shore Hospital at 11.15 o'clock this morning for Gore Hill Cemetery.

WERNER, Fred (Frederick, Fred WERNER)

Pianist, organist, composer

Active NSW, by 1891, until 1915
From 1915, active Coolabah, NSW


"Kolonielle Angelegenheiten", Australische Zeitung (29 April 1891), 3 

"LOCAL AND GENERAL", Western Herald (8 August 1891), 2 

We notice that Mr. Fred Werner, son of Mr. Charles Werner of Coolabah, is now located as organist at St. Stephens' Church of England. Mr. Werner, who is a thorough master of both piano and organ, has recently returned from Germany where he spent four years under Professors Kullaks, Grunicke and Albert Becker. Mr. Werner visits Bourke every week, arriving on Thursday evening and remaining until Monday morning.

"New Music", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (19 September 1891), 659 

We have received from the composer "Two Songs" (published as one piece of music), the words by Adam Lindsay Gordon, the music by Fred Werner. These are marked opus I., and bear, as might be expected, traces of inexperience in composition, and also show that the composer, whilst possessing ability, is over-anxious to experiment in producing novel effects by means of strange chords and strained intervals. It is, however, an advantage rather than a defect to have an excess of ideas. Redundance can be pruned and cheeked, whilst originality is not to be acquired. In "No Name" the poetry is vigorously sad, and invites a departure from the beaten track. There is character in the music, and the modulations in places are cleverly managed. The song is in F andante, and the tempo well marked. "Rippling Water," the second song, is rather extravagantly set. The words demand a simpler style, the changes are too abrupt, but, as said above, there is evidence of genuine talent.

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1894), 5

... "The Bundong Grand March," by Mr. Fred Werner, is written with spirit, and the repeated insertion of the appogiatura is a pleasing feature in it.

"Musical Notes", The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People (8 May 1915), 9 

Mr. Fred Werner, teacher of piano, has relinquished teaching and has gone to Coolabar for the purpose of entering commercial life.

"NYNGAN HOSPITAL CONCERT", Dubbo Dispatch and Wellington Independent (30 September 1921), 2 

Musical works:

Five octave studies, op. 22, by Fred Werner

(Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., n.d. [1905]) 

Six pieces for the pianoforte, op. 23, by Fred. Werner

(Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., n.d. [1909]) (DIGITISED)



Active Ballarat, VIC, 1854



List of Claims for Compensation for Losses Sustained through the Ballarat Riot, on 7th October, 1854 ... Augustus Miell, gold, bank notes, musical instruments and music books, gold rings, and two boxes of clothing, £87 ... E. F. West, clothing, musical instruments, and music books, £53.

Report from the select committee upon Ballaarat riots - Bentley's Hotel: together with the proceedings of committee and minutes of evidence

(Melbourne : John Ferres, Govt. Printer, 1858) (DIGITISED)



Died Carlton, VIC, October 1898

WESTON, George

Violinist ("The Australian Paganini"; "The Victorian Paganini")

Born VIC, 1855 (son of John WESTON and Selina HARPER)
Active by 1862-63 ("aged 6 years")
Died Melbourne, VIC, 3 November 1923, aged 68 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Little George Weston, who made his debut in 1862, went on to become the colony of Victoria's foremost violinists, notably leading the orchestra for the Centennial Exhibition concert series under the conductor Frederick Cowen.



[Advertisement], The Argus (7 July 1862), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 February 1863), 8

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (16 October 1863), 2

"FUNERALS", The Age (11 October 1898), 8

"PERSONAL", The Mercury (8 November 1923), 6

The death occurred at a private hospital in Melbourne on Saturday of Mr. George Weston of Parkville who (says the Argus) will be remembered as one ef the finest violinists heard in Australia. He was born in Victoria, appeared before the public at the early age of six years and a year later went to England and the Continent to study. He returned to Australia at the age of 23 years. Mr. Weston was leader of the Melbourne Exhibition orchestra in 1880, Sir Frederick Cowen's orchestra at the Melbourne Centennial Exhibition 1888 and later of the New Zealand Exhibition orchestra. He was also associated with August Wilhelmj, Sir Charles Halle, and Max Vogrich. He leaves a family of of five sons and three daughters, his wife having died eight months ago.

"DEATHS", The Argus (10 November 1923), 17


Flute player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1841-45

WESTROP, William

? Actor-vocalist (4th or King's Own Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1836


A man (probably a young soldier or bandsman) named William Westrop played stage roles for entertainments mounted by the King's Own Regiment (or 4th Regiment of Foot, Australian service 1832-37) in Sydney in July and October 1836. If he stayed on after the regiment departed (as did at least one other soldier Westrop, Zachariah) perhaps he was also the Westrop first listed as a member of the Theatrical Band at the Royal Victoria in February 1841, and regularly thereafter, often designated as flautist. He also played in the band at Coppin's Saloon in Sydney in June 1844, when it was advertised he would "perform several SOLOS during the evening".


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 July 1836), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (13 October 1836), 1

"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (6 February 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 June 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1844), 4

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1845), 2

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1845), 1

"COMMITTALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1847), 3

WHARTON, Henry (William Henry WHARTON)

Baritone vocalist (Lyster Opera Company), teacher of singing

Born England, c. 1835
Arrived Australia, by July 1862
Died Manchester, England, 26 September 1870, aged 35


"THE OPERA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1862), 5

"OPERA. THE ROSE OF CASTILE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1862), 8

"VICTORIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 October 1862), 5

The opera season was opened on the 13th instant with Donizetti's Favorita. There was an overflowing house, and the old favourites were all well received. In noticing; the debut of Mr. Wharton, the Argus says :- "Mr. Wharton was loudly cheered. This was his first appearance in Melbourne, and from the perfect style in which he acquitted himself, we predict that he will be a great favourite with the habitues of the opera. Mr. Wharton is gifted with a splendid baritone voice, full, round, and flexible, and from his performance last night it is apparent that his training has been of a very high order. In the song: "Thou flower beloved" he was encored, but, with excellent taste, the stranger merely came forward and bowed his acknowledgments, without repeating the song. The Age and Herald are equally loud in his praise.

[News], The Argus (19 February 1867), 5

The Lyster Opera Company gave a concert on Saturday, in the Masonic-hall, for the benefit of their late fellow artiste, Mr. Henry Wharton, who, being at present physically incapacitated from pursuing his profession, is anxious to return to Europe. It was a great success.

"DEATHS", Empire (27 December 1870), 1

On the 26th of September, at his father's residence, Manchester, England, William Henry Wharton, Esq., aged 35 years, late member of Lyster's Italian and English Opera Company, and formerly of the English Opera, London, leaving an affectionate wife and a large circle of friends to lament their loss.


American pianist, conductor, composer

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, April 1858
Departed Sydney, NSW, September 1859


Arriving and departing with her, Wheaton was pianist and conductor on actor-singer Emma Stanley's Australian tour. He was probably the J. B. Wheaton active in the USA in the 1850s and 1860s; e.g. [News] Brooklyn Eagle (20 August 1857)

THE PIANO CASE. The case of Mr. J. B. Wheaton, a music teacher, who was arrested last week on a complaint of Charles Bunce, who charged him with having stolen a piano worth $150, was called up before Justice Boerum yesterday afternoon, when the complainant failed to appear, and the accused was discharged.


"ATLANTIC THEATRICALS", The Argus (7 November 1856), 5

"VICTORIA", Launceston Examiner (20 April 1858), 3

"SHIPPING NEWS", The Courier (30 August 1858), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (2 November 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (17 November 1858), 1

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (2 December 1858), 2

[Advertisement], "NIMINY PYM POLKA. Just published", The Argus (17 February 1859), 3

"CLEARANCES", Empire (30 September 1859), 4

Musical work:

Niminy pym polka ("Respectfully dedicated to Miss Emma Stanley") (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1859])

WHEELER, Stephen Thomas

Cornet player, theatre musician, bandmaster, basso vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1851
Died Ballarat, VIC, 9 February 1878, aged 52



1856-03-25: A musical entertainment was given last evening to a highly respectable audience, numbering about 200 persons. The performers included Mr. Winterbottom, Mrs. H. T. Craven, Mr. Stephens, Mr. Wheeler, and others. ... Mr. Wheeler, with the cornet a-piston, gave "Home, sweet home," with thrilling emphasis and decision of touch and was warmly applauded throughout.

1858-03-17: The annual banquet in honour of the Patron Saint of Ireland, was held last evening at Mr. Clark's Rooms, Elizabeth-street ... An excellent band under the direction of Mr. Tranter, assisted by Mr. Wheeler, attended, and throughout the dinner played several Irish airs excellently, and they acquitted themselves no less successfully in performing the airs following each toast.

Obituary: The death of Mr. S. T. Wheeler, a native of Oxford, and one of the oldest residents of Ballarat, is recorded by the Star. The deceased was brother to Mr. D. D. Wheeler, of the Hansard staff, who some twenty-two or twenty-three years ago started the Ballarat Trumpeter, and was for some time afterwards attached to the staff of the Ballarat Times, the Star, and other newspapers. Mr. Wheeler had also for some years filled engagements on the local Press as a reporter, but he was more widely known and welcomed as a professional musician. He had an exquisite taste in music, and his love for the art was a passion.



"THE LOVERS OF MUSIC", The Courier (27 May 1854), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1854), 4

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1855), 4

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", Empire (14 December 1855), 5

"CITY THEATRE", Empire (25 March 1856), 4

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (14 June 1856), 1

"MR. WHEELER'S CONCERT", Bathurst Free Press (25 June 1856), 2

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (13 September 1856), 1

"MR. WHEELER'S CONCERT", Bathurst Free Press (20 September 1856), 2

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (11 October 1856), 3

"BANQUET AT CLARKE'S ROOMS", Empire (17 March 1858), 4

"THE HIPPODROME", The Courier (14 January 1859), 3

"SHORT HOURS SOIREE", The Star (21 November 1861), 2

"DEATHS", The Argus (15 January 1863), 4

"Deaths", The Argus (12 February 1878), 1

"VICTORIA", The Mercury (16 February 1878), 3


Professor of Music, director of music (Blind Asylum), organist

Born England, 1863
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 31 August 1888 (per Oroya, from London, 20 July)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 1897
Died Claines, Worcestershire, England, 1917


Whinfield was son of Edward Wray Whinfield (1826-1902). The Whinfields moved to Severn Grange in Claines in the 1870s, and were well known on the Worcestershire Music scene. The young Edward Elgar used to take Beethoven scores to read at the graves of his grandparents in Claines Churchyard.

Alice Elgar, diary, 12 August 1910, a visit to Claines churchyard

Saw his relatives' tomb & where he used to sit reading scores, years ago.

He also regularly visited Severn Grange for musical evenings held by Edward Whinfield.

Alice Elgar, diary, 11 August 1910

E & A (arrived at) Severn Grange at 4.20. Found Mr. & Mrs. Whinfield very nice & pleasant. E. pleased to see it all again & able to tell them things about the house they did not know. Old Mr W. used to consult him where to put pictures & things - garden wonderful but damp ... '; Alice Elgar, letter to Alice Wortley, written at Severn Grange, 12 August 1910, refers to house as "about 2 miles from Worcester & he used to come here & steep himself in art & music from about 20 yrs. old till after we were married & left the neighbourhood. The son of the old music lover now reigns here & they are very nice. The garden is most extraordinary, planted with every rare shrub & tree & so grown up that it seems to me more like a Maeterlinck fantasia than any English place.

Elgar's Serenade, op. 22 is dedicated to Arthur's younger brother, Walter.

Arthur Whinfield was by then organist at Claines Church and took over as owner-manager of Nicholson's Organ Works at Worcester (1903-15). He had married into the Curtler family of Bevere. He was a keen photographer. He is buried in Claines Churchyard with his wife and parents and the current Lych gate was erected in his memory. (


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (31 August 1888), 6


[News], The Argus (14 September 1892), 5

This evening, at the Ormond Hall of Music attached to the Asylum for the Blind in St. Kilda road, the first of a series of popular concerts will be given, at which the low charge of one shilling is 'fixed' for admission. The programme, which will be found in our advertising columns, comprises vocal items by Misses Ada Crossley, Edith Moore, and Jeannie Ramsay, and Messrs. James Wood, A. J. Pallett, and Gladstone Wright, while Miss Lilian Kerr will contribute two violin solos. Mr. K. Lyons (late of the Victorian Orchestra) will play a clarionet solo, and take part in Mozart's Trio Ko. 2 in E flat with Mr. A. E. King (viola) and Mr. A. H. Whinfield (piano). The last named gentleman will contribute an organ solo, and also act as accompanist. The Ormond-hall is within easy distance of the St. Kilda road trams, and is about seven minutes' walk from the Prahran railway station.

"Local and Other News", Kyabram Union (19 January 1894), 2

"MARITIME MISCELLANY", Evening News (26 June 1897), 4

"PRIZE-GIVING AT WORCESTER COLLEGE [for the Blind]", The Beacon (September 1923), 10

Bibiography and resources:

His wife established a music prize in Whinfield's memory at the Worcester College for the Blind (see above); a set of photographs taken by Whinfield of the music library at Worcester Cathedral is in the UK National Archives


Pianoforte tuner and repairer, professor of music

Active Tasmania, 1850s
Died New Norfolk, TAS, 17 May 1862, aged 52 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (30 November 1853), 3

"INSOLVENT COURT", Launceston Examiner (31 January 1856), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (19 October 1858), 1

"MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (15 February 1859), 2

"LUNACY", The Mercury (9 January 1861), 2


Theatre musicians

Active Sydney, NSW, 1837


"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

WHITE, Clement (Clement WHITE)

Vocalist, songwriter, composer

Arrived Sydney, 19 December 1853 (per Anglesea, from Plymouth, 3 September, via Melbourne)
Departed ? Melbourne, late 1854
Died London, England, 18 July 1873 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Having retired from a reasonably distinguished career as a principal singer on some of London's best musical stages, Irish-born tenor and widely published composer and songwriter Clement White sailed for the Australian colonies in 1853. His tour was a subject of interest in the London journal, The Musical World, where White's friends James W. Davison (1813-1885) was editor and Desmond Ryan (1816-1868) sub-editor. The Musical World reported several times in advance of White's departure, and again after his arrival in Sydney. Davison's memoirs, compiled posthumously from his papers by his son Henry (whose mother, Davison's then wife, was pianist Arabella Goddard), are also the main source for what little is known of "Clem White" biographically. They also print a long letter White sent Davison from Sydney early in 1854, reporting on the voyage and conditions in the colony. Henry Davison mentions White's departure, along with that of another of Davison's valued friends, in his father's memoirs for 1853:

This year Clement White and Jullien left England to seek their fortunes elsewhere. White, ruinous through dissipation and improvidence, set out for Australia to give lectures there, nichts wi' Burns, Dibdin, Moore and the modern song-composers, including Bennett, Macfarren and Davison. Jullien, with pockets unfilled by the production at the Royal Italian Opera of his Pietro il Grande, set out for America, there to be accompanied as secretary, agent or interpreter, by another victim of the nature of things, Bowlby, occasionally of the Times, deeply and unluckily involved in the railway speculations that had excited the public mind ....

... Sydney may seem a far cry, a somewhat abrupt swerve and digression. It is made at this point not merely as a reminder that the world of British music was wide, even fifty years ago, or for the sake of a glimpse at the shifts to which a British musician, of sorts, might be put in his search for a livelihood, but for other reasons. Davison made friends with most sorts and conditions of men. If a character seemed to offer some quaintness or originality, he soon detected, appreciated and cultivated it. "I can stand Davison," observed some man of position, "but not his followers"-this in reference to some "familiar" of the time being - probably Clement White. "Clem" had left England to seek better luck at the Antipodes. From him, early in 1854, Davison received a letter, extracts from which are here made to illustrate the oddities of one of Davison's early intimates, as well as to give body and shape to a figure more than once noticed in these pages, and to let a fresh ray fall on the names of several of Davison's entourage.

From Sydney, January 7, 1854 ... we arrived in Hobson's Bay on December 3, down by the "Yarra Yarra". Lavenue [sic] is there-here he could do nothing, he is with Ellice [Ellis] at the Cremorne gardens. I did not go ashore, the expense was too great and the flies too strong, we threw out anchor here [Sydney] on Monday morning at half past six, Dec. 19, and after wandering about I found a bed at a public house, where the land-lord fleeced me and the mosquito stung me, at length the change threw me on a sick bed, I was then removed  to a dark back room where the black fly attacked me, closing up my eyes and swelling my lips, at last the ship got room at Walker's Wharf and I was allowed to take away my things, which had been well rifled. On my way home with the man and cart, we were struck by a southerly blister followed by a hot wind, he threw himself down to avoid its blighting influence and I held hard by a gate, after some time he got up and began to drink, I entreated him to proceed, he told me to go to hell and lead the horse myself, I seized the reins and did so through the city without shame or confusion, this one job cost me £2. In three weeks my money was out, entertainments were out of the question, four persons have just now tried them but couldn't manage to get ten persons into the room (an unsightly one) so I pawned my opera glass and watch for support, I left mine host of the "Public"- (a felon) and am now living at Wooloomooloo [sic] in a quiet cottage. Stone masons have 35/- per day while gentlemen and artists are really starving, 'tis shocking to witness, my pictures will keep me above water for some time, the Penningtons have been kind - but warmhearted souls ! they are poor, he has got me one pupil, a fine young man, I have given him three lessons. [William G. Pennington was treasurer of the School of Arts]

White's first "Vocal Entertainment", at Sydney's Mechanics' School of Arts, on 21 March, was notable for its second half, devoted entirely to songs either newly composed or adapted by White himself to Australian themes. His "SONGS OF AUSTRALIA" included three original and presumably newly written items: The Australian lover, Down by the Yarra Yarra, and what he described as a National Song, simply called Australia. There were also two songs described as "adapted by C. W.", from Henry Russell's popular Amercian far west entertainment, The emigrant's progress. The songs in question were Since the weary day (Long parted have we been) and Far, far upon the sea (Far, far upon the sea), White's adaptation no doubt a topical reworking of Charles Mackey's original words with new local Australian subject matter and allusions.

White repeated The Australian lover at his last Sydney concert on 19 April, whereafter - unfortunately - none of these lost songs is heard of again (Stephen Marsh was pianist for at least one of White's Sydney appearances).

White sailed for Melbourne in June, and was billed to appear at the Salle de Valentino in July, and in August at the Mechanics' Institute with the touring actor Emma Brougham, though in the event she was indisposed. His last documented Australian engagement was at the theatre in Geelong, where he was based from September to November. He perhaps sailed eastwards, because his friends at The Musical World next recorded him appearing in Vancouver and Oregon in mid-1857.


The Musical World (30 April 1853), 277

The Musical World (23 July 1853), 460

The Musical World (27 August 1853), 541

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1853), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 January 1854), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (18 March 1854), 8

"VOCAL ENTERTAINMENT", Empire (22 March 1854), 2

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1854), 5

"MR. CLEMENT WHITE'S ENTERTAINMENT", Illustrated Sydney News (25 March 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1854), 1

"VOCAL ENTERTAINMENT", Empire (7 April 1854), 3

"MR. CLEMENT WHITE", The Musical World (17 June 1854), 407

"Shipping Intelligence", Empire (26 June 1854), 4

"SALLE DE VALENTINO", The Argus (8 July 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 August 1854), 8

"MR. CLEMENT WHITE'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Argus (22 August 1854), 5

"THE THEATRE", Geelong Advertiser (9 November 1854), 4

"VANCOUVER'S ISLAND", The Musical World (19 September 1857), 599

"Notes", The musical standard (2 August 1873), 76

Mr. Clement White, during along period a public singer (tenor) and professor of singing, died on the l8th ult., at the Charterhouse.

[Henry Davison], Music during the Victorian era: from Mendelssohn to Wagner: being the memoirs of J. W. Davison, forty years music critic of "The Times" (London: W. Reeves, 1912)

WHITE, Edward

Bandsman (Band of the 3rd Regiment, Buffs)

Born Ireland, c. 1785
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 29 August 1823 (per Commodore Hayes, from England)
Died Windsor, NSW, buried 27 November 1837

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


White was discharged at Parramatta on 24 February 1826, and stayed on.


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

"SHIP NEWS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 September 1823), 2

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 January 1827), 3

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Private Edward White (c.1785-1837)", Australia's red coat regiments 

WHITE, Frederick (Frederick WHITE)

Dancing master, professor of dancing, actor, comedian

Born England, c. 1803/4
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 18th September 1826 (convict per England, from London 28 April)
Active professionally Sydney, NSW, by mid September 1833 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Proceedings of the Old Bailey, JOSEPH WHITE, violent theft, highway robbery, 6th December 1820

National Archives, UK HO 47/61/1

Reports, petitions, relating to the case of Frederick White/Joseph White, musician, dancer and dancing master of the Norwich Theatre, convicted at the Old Bailey on 8 December 1820 for highway robbery of goods vale 30/-, property of Joseph Wildey on 30 November 1820 ...


"Remarkable and interesting case", Oxford University and City Herald (10 March 1821), 1821

"REMARKABLE & INTERESTING CASE", Westmorland Gazette (17 March 1821), 4

REMARKABLE & INTERESTING CASE. His Majesty's free pardon was received on Monday evening for Frederick White, under sentence of death in Newgate. The case this youth, only about seventeen years of age, is peculiarly interesting. He was convicted on the 8th December, of street robbery, during the time a fire, near Wardour-street, and ordered for execution, with five others. on the of 31st Jan.

After the conviction, the prisoner's mother got some friends to draw up a petition mercy, and which, under the delusion very common, that denial of guilt would render the petition nugatory, contained his acknowledgment of the justice his sentence. White, who had uniformly declared his innocence, positively refused to sign petition, avowing that he would sooner die than admit this falsehood. The sincerity of his declaration cannot be more clearly evinced that by the following letter, addressed by him to his mother, after the warrant for his execution came down: -

"DEAR MOTHER, Jan. 29, 1821.

"The awful Report is at length arrived, and I am one of those unfortunates who are doomed to die; but I have one great consolation on my side, that is, my bein innocent of the foul crime alleged against me. Do not despair, dear mother, for I hope we shall hereafter meet in a better world. God gave me fortitude to meet the Report, and I hope God will not desert me in my last moments. I should wish to see you as early as possible; you will be admitted all this day - Dear Mother, from your unfortunate son.


His mother, however, thinking the petition essential to the preservation of his life, induced his brother to sign the prisoner's name to it. This innocent forgery produced at first a strong impression against the prisoner; but the circumstances, when known, placed him in a more favourable point of view.

In the course of inquiries, evidence of good character appeared, and that the prosecutor was quite intoxicated. Fortunately the affidavit of a very respectable gentleman, who not only speaks highly of White's character, but also states, that, as he was home that evening, near to the spot, he saw White a short time previous to the robbery, and spoke him, and that he was entirely alone - which testimony completely disconnects him from any gang. It appears that one of the companions of the prosecutor, who swore to his sobriety, does not, nor ever did, live at the place which he swore to be his residence, and was not to be found. A letter to the Foreman of the Jury, stating some circumstances favourable to White, requesting to know upon what ground their verdict was founded; and a Declaration the next day, signed by all the Jury, stating, that they acted on a belief that the prosecutor was sober, and that they discredited the witness for the prisoner, looking upon him in the light of an accomplice; at the same time stating that it would afford them great pleasure if any error they had been led into could be corrected.

These and other documents as to the prisoner's character, were laid before Lord Sidmouth, who submitted the whole to Mr. Baron Garrow, before whom White was tried; and the Learned Judge has given it as his decided opinion, that had these circumstances been brought forward at the trial, the Jury would have found a verdict of Not Guilty. In consequences of which, his Majesty was graciously pleased to grant his free pardon. Thus has this youth been most providentially saved from an ignominious end.

? Andrew Knapp and William Baldwin, The Newgate Calendar ... volume 4 (London: J. Robins and Co., 1828), 292-95

? Proceedings of the Old Bailey, FREDERICK WHITE, Theft, grand larceny, 27th October 1825

"POLICE SUMMARY OF THE WEEK", The Monitor (4 August 1828), 5

Frederick White, dancing master, and an assigned servant, was charged with being drunk and disorderly and after an admonition from the Bench, was sentenced ten days to the treadmill.

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 February 1833), 1

? [Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 May 1833), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 September 1833), 1

Fashionable Dancing. PROFESSOR AND TEACHER OF DANCING. MR. FREDERICK WHITE, Late Principal Dancer of the King's Theatre, Opera House, Drury Lane, and Covent Garden, London, BEGS most respectfully to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney and its vicinity, that he intends to give Private Lessons in every description of elegant Dancing. Schools punctually attended, if not situated at a distance of more than sixteen miles from Sydney. Terms to be made known on application to Mr. WHITE, at the Theatre Royal, Sydney, daily, from 10 till 2 o'clock.

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (18 October 1833), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (2 October 1835), 1

"AN EX-COMEDIAN IN TROUBLE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 July 1837), 2

"EX-COMEDIAN COMMITTED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 July 1837), 2

"QUARTER SESSIONS", The Sydney Monitor (6 October 1837), 2

Frederick White was indicted for stealing a saddle, value two pounds ten shillings the property of Mr. Miller of the Savings Bank. It appeared that in July last Mr. Miller went into the Bank, leaving his horse and Saddle in Bank Court. When he returned after an absence of about twenty minutes, both horse and saddle were gone. He made enquiries at Dr. Bryant's, and ascertained that the horse was in the stable, but without a saddle. From suspicion that fell on the prisoner, who was employed at Mr. Cavendish's, his place was searched, and the saddle found under his bed; he had previously been seen by Mr. Sullivan the shopman of Mr. Cavendish, stooping down at the place where the saddle was found. White was intoxicated at the time. In defence, he urged that the place where the saddle was found was accessible to many other persons, and prayed a mitigation of punishment on account of the long period he had been in custody. His employer said he had known him a long time, and believed he would not commit an act of dishonesty while sober. Guilty, sentenced to be imprisoned in Sydney Gaol three months, every alternate week to be in solitary confinement.

WHITE, John Charles

Schoolmaster and precentor (Presbyterian), singing class instructor, newspaper proprietor, Methodist pioneer, convict

Born Thorpe, Colchester, England, 5 August 1813
Arrived Adelaide, SA, January 1837
Active Bathurst, NSW, by 1842
Died Bathurst, NSW, June 1904, aged 91


"BATHURST. SINGING SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 October 1848), 2

SINGING SOCIETY. - One has been recently formed here with the most laudable purpose of instructing the young and old. The members at present amount to sixteen. The weekly subscriptions and fines are to be appropriated to the purchase of instruments and music-books. On Friday, the 13th, a tea party was held for the purpose of promoting the objects of this society. Upwards of eighty tickets were taken. The meeting was held in the Scotch school-room - rather, if anything, too confined. Mr. J. C. White addressed the meeting, and explained in a very clear and concise manner the motives and objects of the society. After the good things provided had been partaken of, there was an exhibition of the magic-lantern for the amusement of the youngsters. After this, was singing and music until ten P.M., when the party broke up, all appearing satisfied with their entertainment.

"THE SYNOD OF AUSTRALIA'S CHURCH EXTENSION SCHEME (From the Bathurst Free Press, October 6)", The Sydney Morning Herald11 October 1855), 2

The singing throughout the evening was conducted in a very effective manner by some of the members of the Bathurst singing class, under the direction of Mr. J. C. White, Precentor of St. Stephen's Church.

"The Late Mr. J. C. White", National Advocate (29 June 1904), 2


Surgeon-general, first fleet diarist, observer of Indigenous singing and dancing

Born UK, 1856
Arrived Sydney, 26 January 1788
Departed Sydney, 17 December 1794 (per Daedalus)
Died Worthing, England, 20 February 1832 (NLA persistent identifier)


White 1790

[At Broken Bay, 9 March 1788, 131-32]:

[9 March 1788] The governor, with two long boats manned and armed, returned from Broken Bay, situated a little to the northward, which he had been exploring for several days. It affords good shelter for shipping, and the entrance is bold; it cannot, however, be compared to Port Jackson. While he was there, he saw a great many of the natives, some of whom he thinks he had observed before, either at Botany Bay or in the neighbourhood of Port Jackson. One of the females happened to fall in love with his great coat; and to obtain it she used a variety of means. First, she danced, and played a number of antic tricks; but, finding this mode ineffectual, she had recourse to tears, which she shed plentifully. This expedient not answering, she ceased from weeping, and appeared as cheerful as any of the party around her. From this little incident it may be seen that they are not a people devoid of art.

[At Botany Bay, May 1788, 165-66]:

The women and children kept at some distance, one or two more forward than the rest excepted, who came to the governor for some presents. While he was distributing his gifts, the women danced (an exercise every description of people in this country seem fond of), and threw themselves into some not very decent attitudes. The men in general had their skins smeared all over with grease, or some stinking, oily substance; some wore a small stick or fish-bone, fixed crossways, in the division of the nose, which had a very strange appearance; others were painted in a variety of ways, and had their hair ornamented with the teeth of fish, fastened on by gum, and the skin of the kangaroo.

[29 July 1788, 192-93]

About ten or twenty yards from the shore, among the long grass, in the shallow water, he struck and took with his fish-gig several good fish; an acquisition to which, at this season of the year, it being cold and wet, we were unequal ... While they were thus employed, one of the gentlemen with me sung some songs; and when he had done, the females in the canoes either sung one of their own songs, or imitated him, in which they succeeded beyond conception. Any thing spoken by us they most accurately recited, and this in a manner of which we fell greatly short in our attempts to repeat their language after them. While we were thus amicably engaged, all on a sudden they paddled away from us. On looking about to discover the cause, we perceived the gunner of the Supply at some little distance, with a gun in his hand, an instrument of death, against which they entertain an insuperable aversion. As soon as I discovered him, I called to him to stay where he was, and not make a nearer approach; or, if he did, to lay down his gun. The latter request he immediately complied with; and when the natives saw him unarmed they shewed no further fear, but, returning to their employment, continued alternately to sing songs and to mimic the gentlemen who accompanied me.

WHITE, M. W. (Mr. M. W. WHITE; also Mr. W.)

Tenor vocalist, banjoist, musical director (White's Serenaders; Rainer's Minstrels; Rainer's Serenaders)

Arrived Sydney, 19 September 1852 (per Speed, from San Francisco, 28 July)


"ARRIVALS", The Maitland Mercury (25 September 1852), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 November 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (14 April 1853), 3


"BEN BOLT, AS SUNG BY MR. M. W. WHITE, OF  RAINER'S ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS", The Cornwall Chronicle (18 June 1853), 2s

"The Dead Alive", The Hobarton Mercury (2 March 1855), 2

"SERIOUS ASSAULT", The Argus (29 February 1856), 6

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (19 June 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1858), 3

"STAR CONCERT HALL", The Star (20 December 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (11 February 1859), 3

"THE SINGING AT THE STAR HOTEL. To the Editor", The Star (21 March 1860), 3

SIR, Your correspondent Veritas has in his communication of to-day accused me of blasphemy, in singing my song of A Hard Road to Travel over Jordan. Now, Sir, will your correspondent be kind enough in some future contribution to define the word blasphemy. Was Milton guilty of blasphemy when he wrote "Paradise Lost?" Was Byron guilty of blasphemy when he wrote "Cain a Mystery?" Am I guilty of blasphemy, when, in the pursuit of my profession, which is to delineate the peculiarities of the negroes of the Southern States, I give verbatim et literatim a song I heard sung by a slave, in a slave gaol in Richmond, Virginia? ... I am. Sir, yours, &c.. M. W. WHITE. Star Hotel, 19th March.

Related publications:

Ben Bolt, as sung by M. W. White of Rainer's Minstrels, arranged by J. C. Rainer (Sydney: H. Marsh and Co., [? 1853])

The veteran's return, as sung by M. W. White of Rainer's Minstrels (Sydney: H. Marsh & Co., n.d. [? 1853])

Louis Rasmussen, San Francisco ship passenger lists: November 7, 1851 to June 17, 1852, volume 3, 235 (PREVIEW)

WHITE, Richard Baxter

Violinist, pianist, Professor of Music

Born Adelaide, SA, 26 August 1839
Died St Vincent's Gulf, SA, probably by 4 July 1872


Son of George White of Adelaide (proprietor of White's Rooms, a concert venue) and a pupil of Mrs. Murray and Spencer Wallace, at 13 he embarked for London where he was the first native Australian colonist to study at the Royal Academy of Music. He had returned to Adelaide by 1859, when he advertised as a professor of music. He was leader of the Philharmonic Society, directed the choir of the Catholic Cathedral and also played for Lyster's Opera Company. He disappeared in St Vincent's Gulf in July 1872, presumed drowned. He reportedly (1885) played a Ruggerius violin, later acquired by George Hubert Hall.


[Advertisement]: "MR. FREDERIC ELLARD", South Australian Register (27 October 1851), 2

"MASTER R. B. WHITE", South Australian Register (16 December 1852), 3

Among the passengers to England, per A. R. M. S. N. Co.'s Steamer Sydney, is Master Richard Baxter White, (son of Mr. George White, if King William-street), who is so favourably known to the South Australian public, through his remarkable musical gifts and acquirements. Master White has only just completed his 13th year, but his performances as a pianist and violinist are admirable, and give bright promise of future excellence in a profession, to the cultivation of which be seems thoroughly devoted. His voyage to England is undertaken with the intention of his becoming a pupil at the Royal Academy of Music, and as he embarks under the auspices of John Hart, Esq., M.L.C., and is accompanied by a kind mother, his prospects may be regarded as fair and promising in no ordinary degree. Master White is a native of South Australia, and seems to possess a teachable disposition as well as natural capabilities. We confidently hope he will prove a credit to his native land, and trust he will return to it with all the improvements and graces which are attainable in a school of undoubted excellence. Those who have had opportunities of witnessing the performances of Master White, will have felt anxious, as we have done, as to his opportunities for practice, on both instruments during the voyage, and will, therefore, be pleased to hear that a good piano, on board the Sydney, will be as available to him as [is] his own fine-toned violin, which is the more immediate companion of his voyage. We cannot conclude this notice without referring to those who so successfully undertook the musical instruction of this promising youth. His acquirements as a pianist may be solely attributed to the assiduous culture of Mrs. Murray, of Adelaide, and for his skill as a violinist the youthful aspirant for musical fame will certainly have to remember with gratitude, although he cannot requite, the  care of his able instructor, the late Mr. [S. W.] Wallace, formerly musical professor of this city, and a brother of the still more distinguished English professor [William Vincent Wallace].

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (17 February 1858), 1

"SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY", South Australian Advertiser (31 December 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (21 January 1859), 1

[News]: "ADELAIDE, THURSDAY", The Argus (5 July 1872), 5

"MR. R. B. WHITE", South Australian Register (13 July 1872), 3

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (29 May 1885), 4-5

"DEATH OF TWO OLD COLONISTS", South Australian Register (3 September 1888), 2s

"OLD-TIME MEMORIES", South Australian Register (10 August 1891), 6


Professor of Music, pianoforte tuner

Active Gippsland, 1862


[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (14 February 1862), 3

WHITE, Mr. W. H.

Violinist (New York Serenaders)

Active Hobart, 1851


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1851), 133

"THE SERENADERS", Colonial Times (1 April 1851), 2

On this occasion the selection from the overture of "La Figlia" and "The Bohemian Girl", afforded the leading instrumentalists, Messrs. White and Pierce, an opportunity for displaying their talents. Mr. White's execution on the violin was faultless; his part was played with infinite skill, taste, and feeling.

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1851), 2

"THE NEW YORK SERENADERS", The Courier (15 November 1851), 3

Mr. White, who, we believe, possesses the absorbing but quiet enthusiasm for music, is a violinist of high order. His play is not less remarkable for extraordinary volume and power, than for sweetness, and oiliness of touch.


Tenor vocalist

Active Sydney, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3


Former drum major (28th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1836


[News], The Sydney Herald (6 October 1836), 2


Serpent player, bandsman (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56

See also Band of the 99th Regiment


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1


Amateur vocalist, stock agent, amateur jockey, author

Arrived Hobart, 4 May 1826 (per Albion, from Falmouth, 8 December 1825)
Departed Hobart, September 1827 (per Admiral Cockburn, for England) (NLA persistent identifier)


"TASMANIA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1826), 2

"MELANCHOLY AND DISASTROUS SHIPWRECK", Hobart Town Gazette (22 July 1826), 2

"Hobart Town Concert", Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (29 September 1826), 3

The Songs, "Death of Nelson" [Braham] and "In this Cottage," [Braham] were sung by Mr. Widowson.

"HOBART TOWN CONCERTS", Hobart Town Gazette (7 October 1826), 4

"Tasmanian Turf Meeting", Colonial Times (13 April 1827), 4

"The Natives", Colonial Times (6 July 1827), 4

"Dinner to Captain Cooling", Colonial Times (17 August 1827), 3

The evening was spent with the greatest harmony and conviviality; and the party were delighted with some very excellent songs given by Messrs. Widowson and Cathcart.

[News], Colonial Times (14 September 1827), 2

In addition to the persons we last week noticed as going home by the Admiral Cockburn, we have to mention ...Mr. Widowson, late one of the agents of the Horse Breeding Company, also goes home by the above vessel. Should Mr. W. return to the Colony, which we understand is his intention, we trust he will be more fortunate, than he has been; having during his stay among us, suffered severely by two shipwrecks, and on one occasion nearly lost his life.

"THE LAST OF MR. WIDOWSON'S BOOK", The Hobart Town Courier (25 July 1829), 4


Henry Widowson, Present state of Van Diemen's Land; comprising an account of its agricultural capabilities, with observations on the present state of farming, &c. &c. pursued in that colony: and other important matters connected with emigration (London: S. Robinson, 1829) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

WIEGAND, Auguste

Organist, composer

Born Liege, 16 October 1849
Arrived Sydney, 22 June 1891 (per Orizaba)
Departed Adelaide, July 1900 (per Armand Behic)
Died Oswego, NY, USA, May 1904 (NLA persistent identifier)


"MR. AUGUSTE WIEGAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1891), 4


 "CHEVALIER WEIGAND'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1900), 3

"M. WIEGAND'S DEPARTURE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1900), 3

"CHEVALIER WIEGAND", Evening News (17 October 1900), 7

"DEATH OF M. WIEGAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1904), 5

"Le Matin," Anvers, of May 31, records the death of Auguste Wiegand, an event stated as having Just taken place at Oswego, U.S.A. The Antwerp daily gives a sketch of the distinguished organist's career, and mentions amongst other things that he was elected to play at the opening of "our universal exhibition" of 1887. The news of M. Wiegand's decease will be received with especial regret in Sydney, where the talented player will long be remembered as the first city organist, a post he filled from 1891 to 1900. Chevalier Wiegand, who was one of the most brilliant exponents of the French school of organ playing of the present generation, gave four farewell recitals to densely crowded audiences at the end of his long term of office, making his final appearance at the Town Hall on July 7, 1900. His afternoon recitals were largely classic, almost always including a Mendelssohn sonata and a Bach fugue in each programme, but the real trend of his genius was towards pieces of the romantic and popular style. In his special department there can be no doubt that he had acquired a star position in the organ world of Europe, and that his fame was justly founded on his colossal executive power and in his feeling for tender colouring in his tone-combinations. Auguste Wiegand was born at Liege, Belgium, on October 16, 1849, and at the age of seven years was organist of St. Giles' Church in that city. He entered the Royal Conservatorium, Liege, at the age of 10 years, and a long list of student distinctions was crowned by the gold medal for piano and the gold medal for organ in 1869. For six years he was a professor at the Liege Conservatorium, after which a special Government bursary enabled him to study at Brussels under Alphonse Mailly, organist to the King of the Belgians. The Belgian Government then bestowed on him the coveted appointment of Member of the Jury of the organ competitions. From that time M. Wiegand became noted throughout France and England as a concert organist, playing at the Paris, Antwerp, and other exhibitions, and at all the principal churches and public halls of the United Kingdom. During his residence in Sydney M. Wiegand was made an officier de l'Academie des Beaux Arts by the French Republic (1898), and in 1900 a Chevalier de l'Ordre Royal de Mérite de Leopold (Belgium). At the time of his death M. Wiegand was attached to the Church of St. Paul, Oswego (N.Y.), at a salary of £600 a year. He was to have played the gigantic new organ at the St. Louis Exhibition, and the French paper, referring to this, suggests that he died before his appearance there. He leaves a widow and several children.

Bibliography and resources:

The Australian musical album 1894, No. 1

Rushworth 1988, 391-94

Robert Ampt, "The City of Sydney Organists", OHTA journal (October 1997), 19-23, and (January 1998), 26-32:


Violinist ("The Australian Paganini")

Born Fitzroy, VIC, 22 December 1865
Died Adelaide, 10 September 1885, aged 19 (son of Tom Weiland, clown)


"BIRTHS", The Argus (6 January 1866), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 February 1877), 8

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (17 September 1885), 4

[News], South Australian Register (21 September 1885), 1s


Sergeant-bandmaster (Band of the 73rd Regiment)

Born Bridport, Dorset, England, 1779
Arrived Australia 1803
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), before 17 July 1811

WIGGINS, Thomas (senior)

Violin maker

Born at sea (per Calcutta, en route for VDL), 11 June 1803

Died Sorrell, TAS, 27 September 1884, aged 81

WIGGINS, Thomas (junior)

Violin maker

Born Sorrell, TAS, 13 October 1842
Died 1914


"LIST OF UNCLAIMED LETTERS", Launceston Examiner (3 May 1830), 1

"FROM THE HOBART TOWN GAZETTE", Launceston Advertiser (30 June 1836), 4

"Deaths", The Mercury (29 September 1884), 1

"OBITUARY", The Mercury (12 October 1899), 2

Bibliogarphy and resources:

Freda Gray, "Music of the early settlements of the 1800s", Papers and Proceedings (Tasmanian Historical Research Association) 43/2 (June 1996), 59-62

Kath Lonergan, The Wiggins of Wiggins Town, Van Diemen's Land : the family of Colonial Marine Samuel Wiggins, circa 1750 to 2003; Pennington family history; the violin makers; Wiggins family stories; more Wiggins but not ours (New Town: K. Lonergan, 2003)

Allan Coggins, Violin and bow makers of Australia

WILDNER, Alois F. (Baron, Captain)

Bandmaster, conductor, violinist, composer

Arrived Melbourne, October 1880
Departed early 1881


"THE AUSTRIAN BAND", South Australian Register (5 October 1880), 6

[News], The Argus (7 October 1880), 5

[News], The Argus (8 October 1880), 5

The leader, Baron Alvis F. Wildner, has been senior professor at the Leipzic Conservatory of Music for the last 15 years. He commenced his musical studies under Professor Lenhardt, of the Royal Conservatory at Prague, and afterwards studied in all the principal musical institutions of Europe. At the present time he enjoys the distinction of being Court director to the Emperor of Russia, and also to Prince Charles of Roumania. His decorations and diplomas include several military orders, and the membership of the Paris, Berlin, Prague, Tassy, and other conservatories of music, and he also holds the rank of a captain in the Austrian army - his regiment being the 23rd of the line.

"THE AUSTRIAN STRAUSS BAND", The Argus (11 October 1880), 6

11. "The Flemington March", composed by Herr F. A. Wildner, the conductor of the band, and encored with great emphasis. ...The conductor, Herr Wildner, is a master of his work. His style is very easy and undemonstrative, but so earnest that his meaning is felt by his men in the slightest glance of his eye and turn of his hand.

"HENRY KETTEN AND THE AUSTRIAN BAND", The Australasian (6 November 1880), 19

Bibliography and resources:


The Austrian Strauss Band, master (1880-81)



Born Usingen, Germany, 21 September 1845
Toured Australia, June 1881-June 1882
Died London, 22 January 1908



"THE CALIFORNIAN MAIL. AUCKLAND", The Argus (27 June 1881), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1881), 2

"THE WILHEMMJ CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1881), 5

[News], South Australian Register (7 June 1882), 7

"WHAT'S IN A NAME", The Mercury (17 July 1884), 2s

"AUGUSTE WILHELMJ. GREAT VIOLINIST DEAD", The Argus (27 January 1908), 5


WILKES, William Charles

Journalist, newspaper editor, convict, songwriter

Born Surrey, England, c.1816
Arrived NSW, 21 November 1833 (convict per Neva)
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 May 1873 (NLA persistent identifier)


At the opening on 6 December 1847 of the Loyal Brisbane Lodge of the Australian Supreme Grand Lodge of The Independent Order of the Odd Fellows, Thomas Dowse first sang the song The merry boys of Brisbane, written for the occasion by William Wilkes.


"MORETON BAY. ODD FELLOWSHIP", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1848), 3

"OLD TIMES. THE SETTLEMENT", The Queenslander (21 August 1869), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Nehemiah Bartley, Opals and agates; or, Scenes under the Southern Cross and the Magelhans: being memories of fifty years of Australia and Polynesia (Brisbane: Gordon and Gotch, 1892), 158-59

Wm. Wilkes edited the "Courier" newspaper, in Brisbane, before and after the Crimean war. He was a racy humorist, and a bit of a democrat as well. The following song, called "The Merry Boys of Brisbane," to the fine old "romping" air of "Loudon's Bonny Woods and Braes," was often sung by him on festive occasions, and, it is needless to state, that he was, also, the writer of it: - "Cares we have, many / But we care not for any / While our pockets bear a penny, / We're the merry boys of Brisbane ..."

Rosilyn Baxter, "Wilkes, William Charles (1816-1873)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

WILKIE, Charles

Concertina player, music retailer

Active Melbourne, VIC, from October 1852
Died Melbourne, VIC, 17 December 1858, aged 27


Brother of Joseph Wilkie, Charles made his local debut in October 1852. By early 1853 he was advertising concerts in "Charles Wilkies' Cider Cellars" at the Royal Hotel, with co-artists including John Gregg, Edward Salamon, and Andrew Moore. But in May 1853 he announced suddenly that he was "retiring from Professional Life, and is not connected with any concerts". In mid-1856, Wilkie had taken over William Clarke's Music Warehouse at 67 Collins-street, but this venture seems to have lasted only a few months. His death in December 1858 reportedly followed on a long and severe illness.


[Advertisement], The Argus (13 October 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 October 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 November 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 December 1852), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 February 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1853), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (23 May 1853), 11

 [Advertisement], The Argus (18 June 1856), 7

"DEATHS", The Argus (20 December 1858), 4

WILKIE, Joseph

Musicseller, music publisher, composer, piano tuner, member of parliament

Arrived Melbourne, 16 January 1850 (per Minerva, via Adelaide)
Departed Melbourne, 1871
Died Chelsea, London, 10 December 1875


Recently arrived in Melbourne, Joseph Wilkie, "late of Messrs. Broadwood and Sons, piano manufacturers", London, began advertising as a piano tuner and regulator in February 1850. A reference from Broadwood attested that Wiklie, "who was brought up in our Establishment, is an excellent Tuner, and thoroughly acquainted with the mechanism of pianofortes." By May he had opened his own "Music and Pianoforte Saloon, Collins-street", offering "the inhabitants of Port Phillip ...his immense and well-selected STOCK OF MUSIC, including all the most popular and fashionable Polkas, quadrilles, waltzes, mazurkas, galops, Duetts, Italian, German, French, English, and Scotch songs, Fantasias and overtures for the pianoforte, Negro melodies, instruction books, musical dictionaries, &c. Several brilliant toned new Pianofortes, by Broadwood and Sons, and others. Fine old Italian violins, flageolets, fifes, and flutes of all descriptions, cornopeans, accordions, and everything connected with the Music Trade." During the Victorian Separation celebrations, in November 1850, the Argus recorded Wilkie's contribution to the festivities: "J. Wilkie, music warehouse.-A transparency representing a lyre, and the words "Rejoice with music for Separation". A band played during the evening, and a large crowd collected in front of the shop."  First performed at the Separation Ball, Melbourne, November 1850, Joseph Wilkie's The Separation Polka was published, by himself, in December. In December, too, Wilkie also gave a concert, featuring "two celebrated Lady Vocalists (who have just arrived from London)", Mrs. Testar and Mrs Rivers, at which his polka was again played. Other examples of his publishing output are listed below. Wilkie formed a loose publishing partnership with Stephen Marsh in 1859, issuing several prints with Henry Marsh in Sydney, and later with Elvy in Sydney only as "Wilkie, Elvy and Co" (1863-65). In August 1862 Wilkie admitted J. C. Webster as managing partner, trading as "Wilkie, Webster and Co.", and in 1869 George Allan became a third partner. Wilkie served for many years as an elected member of the Victorian legislature.  After failing at his last election attempt, in March 1871 reports revealed that Wilkie had "become insane, requiring to be confined to an asylum". His wife took him to England for care. He was wrongly reported dead in 1872, but died insane in London in December 1875, predeceased by his partner Webster.


"Shipping Intelligence", The Argus (17 January 1850), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 February 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 May 1850), 1

"SEPARATION REJOICINGS", The Argus (19 November 1850), 1s

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 November 1850), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 December 1850), 2

"CONCERT", The Argus (18 December 1850), 1s

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 December 1850), 1

"To the Editor ...THE CONCERT AND THE CRITICS", The Argus (24 December 1850), 4

"PORT PHILLIP", Colonial Times (24 December 1850), 3

"HAM'S ILLUSTRATED AUSTRALIAN MAGAZINE", The Courier (11 February 1851), 3

See also Godfrey Charles Mundy, Our antipodes, or, Residence and rambles in the Australasian colonies, with a glimpse of the goldfields, volume 3 (2nd edn; London: Richard Bentley, 1852), 283

"CONCERT", The Argus (27 February 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 March 1851), 3

"THE GALLERIES", The Argus (18 October 1854), 5

"THE SCHOMBERG. To the Editor", The Argus (1 March 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 August 1862), 8

[News], The Argus (1 August 1870), 4

[News], The Argus (4 March 1871), 5

[News], The Argus (20 March 1871), 4

[News], The Argus (9 June 1871), 4

[News], The Argus (23 November 1872), 5

"DEATHS" The Argus (16 December 1875), 1

Publications include:

The Victoria polka (by H. St. Mordel Williams) (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1854])

The Morning Light polka ("Composed on the Voyage to Melbourne"; by W. B. Wray) (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1857])

Il balen; or, The tempest of the heart (from the opera of Il Trovatore, with English words, composed by Signor Verdi (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, 1859)

The captive's child (ballad by Charles S. Packer) (Sydney: H. Marsh; Melbourne: S. H. Marsh & Joseph Wilkie, [1859])

The life of Handel: a sketch (compiled by Charles Elsasser) (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1859])

Beauty, sweet beauty bright (words; C. E. Gibbs; composed by G. O. Rutter) (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [18??])

Home! sweet home (popular ballad; words by J. H. Payne; music by Sir Henry Bishop) (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [18??])

The Musical Gem ...Volume V ("containing the choicest and most appropriate airs, easily and carefully arranged, for the violin, flute, sax horn ... etc., etc. ...) (Melbourne; J. Wilkie, [186-])

The song of freedom (a national song! by I. Nathan; "Composed and, with every sense of loyalty, respectfully dedicated to Prince Alfred Ernest Albert, Lieutenant in the British Navy") (Sydney: Wilkie, Elvy and Co.; Melbourne: Wilkie, Webster & Co., [1862])

O paradise (Hymn, arranged and partly composed by George B. Allen) (Melbourne: Wilkie, Webster, & Allan., [1871])

WILKINS, William

Cryer (Criminal Court)

Active Sydney, 1820


"GOVERNMENT GENERAL ORDERS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 February 1821), 1s

Mr. William Wilkins, Cryer Criminal Court, Salary from 6th September to 31st December [1820] - 8/6/8.

WILKINS, William

Choirmaster, amateur vocalist, school teacher (master of the Model School), music educator

Born London, 16 January 1827
Arrived Sydney, by January 1851
Died Guildford, NSW, 7 (?10) November 1892 (NLA persistent identifier)


Wilkins took over the elementary class of the new St. Mary's Choral Society in September 1851, while Isaac Nathan continued to direct the main choir. But by February 1852, Wilkins had taken over as conductor of the main choir, with William Sigmont as organist. He was a member of the Sydney Philharmonic Society in 1854, and was involved in the establishment of a Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society in November 1858.

Wilkins was an executive member of the Sydney Mechanics' School of Arts in the 1850s, and an active member of the Wesleyan York Street chapel and its choirmaster until 1869.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1851), 1

"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY", Bell's Life in Sydney (28 February 1852), 2

"MUSICAL EDUCATION IN AUSTRALIA", Empire (9 March 1852), 2

... Possessing then, as our growing population decidedly do, tastes and capabilities for an art so fraught with moral benefits, so directly bearing on the domestic character of a people, and where the necessary means and appliances are easily and at once available, we think the National Education authorities should as speedily as possible, in country districts at all events, add to their course a liberal system of tuition in instrumental music, as well as in a higher class of vocalisation than that which at present obtains. With the acknowledged abilities as a musician of Mr. Wilkins, the director of the Model School, we think this might be forthwith practicable. We can imagine a people of Anglo-Saxon descent, reared amid the shadows, the solitude, and the sylvan vastness of our inland territory, beneath the magnificence of southern constellations, and with a musical education, which should in time give birth to a national music of their own, characterised by the grandeur and the loneliness below, and the hopeful glory above. And this people, we can imagine, gradually and insensibly to receive from these musical tastes and acquirements of theirs, a now clement of character composed of cheerful earnestness and sturdy self-reliance.

"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY", Empire (14 September 1852), 2

"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY", Bell's Life in Sydney (18 September 1852), 2

"THE SYDNEY VOCAL HARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1858), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 April 1859), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1892), 7

"DEATH OF MR. W. WILKINS", Freeman's Journal (19 November 1892), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Cliff Turney, Wilkins, "William (1827-1892)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

WILKINSON, William Augustus

Teacher of Pianoforte, Harmonium, Organ and Singing (of the Societies' Concerts, Dublin)

Born ? Dublin, baptised SS. Michael and John, Dublin, 1 August 1820
Married Ann BYRNE, ? Dublin, 1847
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 26 September 1855 (passenger per Champion of the seas, from Liverpool, 5 July)
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 17 October 1864, aged 44 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WILKINSON, Ann Jane (Mrs. W. A. WILKINSON, late Miss A. J. BYRNE; ? Anne Jane; Annie Jane)

Contralto vocalist, Teacher of Italian Singing and Pianoforte (Principal Contralto to the Antient and Madrigal Societies, Dublin)

Born ? Dublin, Ireland, c.1819
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 26 September 1855 (passenger per Champion of the seas, from Liverpool, 5 July)
Died St. Kilda East, VIC, 2 July 1898 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WILKINSON, Mary Frances

Pianist, piano teacher, concert presenter, chamber music player

Born Dublin, Ireland, 17 May 1851
Died Windsor, VIC, 20 October 1909 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


William Wilkinson was a son of a Dublin publican Thomas Wilkinson and his wife Francis Rawson. His brother and teaching partner of the more prominent Dublin musician James Wilkinson. The Wilkinsons sons were connected by marriage to several other musical family, including, via female relatives of their mother Frances, Joseph de la Vega, bandmaster of the 55th Regiment. Prior to William's marriage in 1847, his future wife Ann Byrne and her soprano sister had been active as "The Misses Byrne" in musical, teaching, and Catholic circles. William's elder sister and widowed mother, Frances, arrived in Melbourne with them in 1855; Frances died the following month, but his sister, Jane Wilkinson, practised in Melbourne as an artist a photographer. It is unclear as yet what family connection there was, if any, between Ann Byrne and the earlier (c.1820s) London and Dublin popular vocalist Miss Byrne; she was the grand-daughter of the famous Edward Byrne of Dublin, who made her Drury Lane debut in 1817 (see Ferris 2005's mis-identification below, from Fenner, Opera in London ... 1785-1830, 668).

In Melbourne, William is documented appearing in concert as a pianist accompanist, and as an organist (of St. Francis) and teacher. Ann made her first and only major public concert appearances in her countrywoman Catherine Hayes's two Melbourne farewells in 1856; thereafter she continued as a teacher of music into the 1870s. Her daughter Mary Wilkinson was to be the most important musician of the family, this entry, in respect to her busy career from the 1870s through to her death, is as yet but a stub.

Thanks to Kurt Ganzl, for kindly sharing his new research incorporated here (November 2016)


"THE MISSES BYRNES' CONCERT", Freeman's Journal (12 May 1845), 3

Although fully aware that the numerous musical frequenters of the various concerts, where the Misses Byrne have earned for themselves such charming notoriety by their elegant and scientific singing, need no prompting to induce them to repay, in some measure, for the intellectual gratification which the laborious and successful exertions of those young ladies have so frequently imparted, by attending at the concert which they give on to-morrow evening; still it would not be doing full justice to the great merits of the fair and gifted beneficiares if notice was not taken of the great inducement held out for a full attendance by the rarity and excellence of the programme selected for the occasion.

In the combination of talent enlisted for the evening's amusement is comprised the highest order of skill and genius which Dublin affords. Together with themselves they have secured the eminent vocal services of Bishop, Signor Sapio, Geary, and McGhee; and to render complete the enjoyment of their patrons, Levey, Liddell, and Wilkinson, will adorn the performance by some of those cunning and brilliant effusions of the arm which inevitably tempt the grateful plaudits of their auditory.

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (13 May 1845), 1

THE MISSES BYRNE HAVE the honour to announce that their Concert will take place on THIS EVENING (Tuesday) the 13th instant, at the ANCIENT CONCERT ROOMS, GREAT BRUNSWICK-STREET. Tickets of Admission (5s. each) and Programmes may be had at the principal Music Warehouses, and at the Misses Byrne's residence, 56, York-street.

"ANTIENT CONCERTS", Freeman's Journal (19 December 1845), 3

The first open concert, for the season, of the Ancient Concert Society, took place last evening at their hall in Brunswick-street ... The concert, as a whole, was unquestionably one of the finest we ever heard in Dublin ... We were pleased with the performance of the Hymn of Praise [Mendelssohn] particularly a duet for two soprani between Miss Byrne and Miss Serle, although it hung heavy compared with the pieces we have already mentioned, and the grand Mottet of Mozart which followed. Of the performance of the Messiah we can only say that Frank and William Robinson surpassed themselves, the choruses were unimpeachably given; Miss Byrne's splendid contralto was heard to great advantage in "He shall feed his flock," and, altogether, even at the musical festival, we never heard it better performed.

[Advertisement], Saunders's News-Letter (29 August 1846), 4

MUSICAL ACADEMY - PIANOFORTE, AND ITALIAN AND ENGLISH SINGING - The Messrs. WILKINSON'S Academy Opened for the Season on MONDAY, August the 17th. The Pianoforte department under the superintendence of Mr. J. Wilkinson, Pianist to the Anacreontic Society. The Vocal department under Mr. W. A. Wilkinson, Pupil of Signor Bornia, of Rome. The Messrs. W. beg to offer their acknowledgments to those Ladies who entrusted their children to their care during the past season, and also for their kind approval of the system of instruction pursued in the Academy, several ladies having kindly permitted the Messrs. W. to use their names in reference if required. Academy days - Monday and Thursday. Schools and Private Tuitions attended on the other days. For cards of terms, &c., apply at the Academy, 50 LOWER BAGGOT-STREET.

"ANTIENT CONCERTS", Freeman's Journal (16 April 1847), 3

If the concert of last night was not equal in selection and performance to the magnificent entertainment which the most classical of all our musical societies gave for Charitable purposes some weeks ago, it yet was sufficiently marked by excellence to sustain the high position which the Antient Concerts have attained ... It is something to be proud of that we possess in our city such a bass as J. Robinson, such a countertenor as Yoakely, such a soprano as Miss Serbe, and a contralto like Miss Byrne. With all its wealth and opportunities, we venture to say that London could not surpass the four. The ladies abovementioned were heard to great advantage last night in Kucken's duet, which was demanded again, and added greatly to the effect of all the concerted pieces ...

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (18 September 1847), 1

MUSICAL ACADEMY, 16, MOUNTJOY-SQUARE, WEST. PIANOFORTE AND ITALIAN, AND ENGLISH SINGING. MR. WILLIAM A. WILKINSON begs to announce to the Nobility and Gentry that his Academy for the above branches of education will open on FRIDAY NEXT, the 24th instant. The Pianoforte Department under the superintendence of Mr. WILKINSON. The Vocal will be conducted by Mrs. WILKINSON (late Miss A. J. BYRNE, principal Contralto of the Ancient Concert Society). Academy days, TUESDAY and FRIDAY. Private Tuitions attended on the other days. Prospectuses and Cards of Terms may be had at the Academy.

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 October 1855), 5

On the 6th inst., at Melbourne, Mrs. Frances Wilkinson, relict of the late Mr. Thomas Wilkinson, of Portobello, Dublin, Ireland, aged 74 years; sincerely and deservedly regretted.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1855), 7

ITALIAN AND ENGLISH SINGING. Mrs. Wilkinson (late Miss A. J. Byrne), Principal Contralto of the Ancient Concerts and Madrigal Societies, &c., Dublin, begs to announce her arrival in Melbourne, and that she gives Lessons in Italian and English Singing. Particulars may be known on application to Mr. Davitt, Principal of Model Training Schools; at Mr. Wilkie's Music Warerooms, Collins-street; and of Mrs. Wilkinson, at her residence, 48 Napier-Street, Collingwood.

[Advertising], The Argus (16 November 1855), 8

MUSICAL ACADEMY. - Mr. WILKINSON begs to announce his intention of opening an Academy for Piano-forte Pupils on the same system as that adopted in Paris by Van Nuffel and other eminent professors. Each pupil will receive a lesson from Mr. Wilkinson in theory, composition and solo playing, and likewise play in concert, the advantages of which cannot be overrated. Mr. Wilkinson will be assisted by other eminent teachers, who will prepare the pupils under Mr. W's superintendence. Terms, &c, may be known at the Academy No. 8 Kyte's-building, Regent-street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 February 1856), 7

PIANOFORTE, Harmonium, Organ, and Singing - Mr. Wilkinson of the Societies' Concerts, Dublin, begs to announce that he gives Lessons on the Pianoforte, Harmonium, Organ and Singing. Terms may be known at Mr. W's residence, 116 Collins-street east.


... Miss Hayes was never in better voice, and delighted every one by the successful manner in which she rendered Rossini's beautiful music, and displayed her capacity to grapple successfully with any style of music. With Mrs. Wilkinson, she shone in the grand duett "Quis es Homo," and gained repeated plaudits. We can hardly imagine a piece of more successful vocalisation. Mrs. Wilkinson is a contralto of much sweetness, though not much power, and she may flatter herself with having made a very favorable impression on her audience ... The cavatina "Fac ut portem," by Mrs. Wilkinson, and the air and chorus "Inflammatus" wound up the first part with the best possible effect ... Mrs. Wilkinson availed herself of the second part of the concert to favor the audience with the song "Land of my dearest,' which she gave with much sweetness and correct feeling ...


... The affecting air "He was despised," was given by Mrs. Wilkinson in her usually sweet style, but many of her notes were quite inaudible, and it was manifest that she was affected with a most distressing nervousness, and just previous to the production of the last piece of the first part, Mr. Gregg confirmed the impression by announcing that she would be unable to appear during the remainder of the evening, in consequence of serious indisposition ...


"MRS. TESTAR'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Age (15 April 1857), 5

This able and favorite vocalist gave a farewell concert yesterday evening, on the occasion of her retirement from professional into private life. There was a large and brilliant attendance ... In conclusion we must not omit to pay a well merited compliment to Mr Wilkinson, whose accompaniments on the pianoforte were of the most tasteful character.

"BIRTHS", The Argus (1 July 1857), 4

"GRAND CONCERT AT ST. FRANCIS'S", The Age (15 July 1858), 6

The concert opened with a fine Fugue by Bach, ably performed by Mr. Wilkinson, the organist of the church. This was immediately followed by the "Kyrie Gloria" and "Credo," from Mozart's splendid Twelfth Mass, a composition which is now as well known in the drawing-room as in the church, and is ever acceptable to musical ears. The solo parts were sustained by Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mrs. Wilkinson, Mr. Ewart and Mr. Power, who sang the phrases allotted to them with great care and feeling ... The beautiful quartette, from "Mose in Egitto," was very agreeably sung, but the contralto part assigned to Mrs. Wilkinson was deficient in power, and occasionally quite inaudible ...

"BIRTHS", The Argus (16 August 1858), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (20 October 1864), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 October 1864), 8

[News], The Argus (29 October 1864), 5

Mr. C. H. Compton has bean appointed organist of St. Francis's Cathedral, in the place of the late Mr. Wilkinson.

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (6 January 1868), 3

We are requested to call attention to an advertisement which appeals in another column, announcing that Miss Roche, organist of St. Mary's, and articled pupil of the late accomplished musician Mr. Wilkinson, intends giving lessons in pianoforte playing and in singing at her residence Great Myers street.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (25 August 1869), 2

A GRAND VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT will be given this evening in the Town Hall, Prahran, by Mrs. W. A. Wilkinson, assisted by several favorite artistes. The performance is under the patronage of his Excellency the Governor and several of the leading citizens.

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 October 1872), 8

MRS. W. A WILKINSON. - SINGING and PIANO-FORTE. Wodonga-cottage, Acland-street, St. Kilda; 174 Collins-street east.

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 February 1873), 8

MUSICAL ACADEMY, Acland-street, St. Kilda. Mrs. W. A. WILKINSON Begs to intimate her intention of opening on Monday, 10th of March, an ACADEMY for PIANOFORTE CLASS TEACHING, on the Home system ...

"First Appearances In Melbourne of Actors and Actresses", The Lorgnette (7 May 1880), 2

"Miss Wilkinson's Concert", Melbourne Punch (13 December 1894), 11

"DEATHS", The Argus (4 July 1898), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 October 1909), 1

"THE LATE MISS M. F. WILKINSON, A.R.A.M.", Advocate (30 October 1909), 28

The sudden death of Miss Mary Francis Wilkinson, A.R.A.M., which was announced last week, gave a great shock to the deceased lady's many friends in the musical world of Victoria and in the general community. After a strenuous life in the profession of which she was an accomplished and enthusiastic member, she was seized with her last brief illness while engaged with a pupil. Miss Wilkinson was born in Dublin, and was the daughter of a talented musician and composer, who, for some years, was organist of St. Francis' Church, Melbourne. She came of an artistic family; her paternal aunt was a painter, whose studio, among the doctors in Collins-street, was well known for many years. Mr. Wilkinson came to Melbourne in the fifties of last century, when his daughter, who has just died, was an infant. His removal hither from Dublin was, primarily, for the benefit of his health, but he died in Melbourne at a comparatively early age, when he had little more than reached one-half the "allotted span" of man's life. Miss Wilkinson early developed musical talent, and a love for the profession which she subsequently adopted, with so much distinction to herself. She studied hard, and ultimately went to Rome where she became the pupil of Sgambati and other notable masters, and took her degree of Associate of the Royal Academy of Music, Rome. Before returning to Australia, she made a tour of some of the most interesting parts of Europe, and visited her native city, where she had, amongst her relatives, an aunt and a cousin, who were nuns in the Presentation Convent, George's Hill. The aunt has since died, the cousin is still a member of the George's Hill community. For many years, Miss Wilkinson was organist of St. Mary's Church, East St. Kilda; and, when the pastor, the Rev. Dr. Corbett, was called to the episcopal office, she claimed the privilege of making the shoes in which he was consecrated Bishop of Sale, at St. Mary's Church. She retained her seat at the organ when the Rev. James L. Hegarty, now Dean of Kyneton, became Rector, and the Dean went to St. Mary's last week to officiate at the obsequies of his old friend. Fr. English, another friend, came from South Melbourne to assist. For some time, Miss Wilkinson was also organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral. The deceased was a highly cultured lady, a charming conversationalist, and a delightful hostess. She spoke the French, Italian, and German languages accurately and fluently - indeed, one Italian gentleman in Melbourne declared that Miss Wilkinson spoke his native tongue as perfectly as he did himself. She was, most generous in charities, the value of which was enhanced by the quiet and unostentatious way in which they were exercised. Before everything she was a Catholic - as one who knew her well declares, "she loved the Church with her whole soul." The very last cheque she drew was an offering for Mass for the souls of her parents and of an old servant ...

Bibliography and resources:

Rankin 1980, 26-33

[26] The temporary retirement of Mr. Plunkett in 1854 from the morning choir occasioned the appointment of Mr. William Wilkinson as the first professional organist. He had come from Dublin and was widely travelled. He possessed an organ degree from Rome ...

Byrne 1995, 63

In 1854 the organist William Wilkinson was imported from Ireland to be Director of Music at the new St. Patrick's Cathedral, only to find when he arrived that the cathedral was being demolished to build an even larger one. He became organist of St. Francis' where he remained until his death in 1864.

Byrne 2005, 239

Ferris 2011, 101, 147-48, 196, 375, 442, 458, 460, 461

Miss Byrne ... Granddaughter of Edward Byrne, Dublin's largest merchant, sugar baker and distiller and member of the [148] Catholic Committee (a drive for Catholic relief) at the end of the eighteenth century. Miss Byrne was apparently "in society until her father lost his inheritance". Debuted in Drury Lane in 1817 [clearly incorrect]. Often performed in Dublin with her sister (as the Misses Byrne) in the Roman Catholic churches to support charity sermons, high masses and church dedications but also in a concert of the Anacreontic Society. Provided musical examples for the lectures of F. W. N. Bayley and Lt. A. S. De Braunhelder. The sisters taught singing (on the Wilhelm system), guitar and pianoforte at their Academy and residence 56, York Street, Stephen's Green, in Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire) and Salthill.


Bass vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1860s


[Advertisement], The Argus (9 September 1861), 8

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (19 December 1861), 5

On Tuesday night the Prahran Philharmonic Society performed Handel's beautiful oratorio, "Judas Maccabaeus" ... In the air, "Arm, Arm, ye Brave," Mr. Wilkinson showed himself thoroughly at home, and we were rather surprised at his clever execution of the several difficult passages he had to contend with; it is evident, however, that Mr. Wilkinson requires more study to enable him to give the finish so very necessary to Handel's style of music ...



Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), August 1834


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (12 August 1834), 2

Theatre, Argyle Rooms. TO-MORROW Evening, (Wednesday,) will be produced a New Ballet, called RIVAL LOVERS. In the course of the Evening, Miss Williams will sing "Oh, give me but my Arab Steed," being her 2nd appearance.

Musical concordance:

Oh give me but my Arab steed! (composed by G. A. Hodson) (Sydney: F. Ellard, n.d. [1840s]):

WILLIAMS, Mr. (probably Francis WILLIAMS)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1810


At the Subscribers' Ball in Sydney in October 1810, a Mr Williams, one of the stewards, gave a Song, prepared for the festive occasion sung to the tune "To Anachreon in Heaven".


"THE SUBSCRIBERS' BALL", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1810), 2


Master of the Band of the 63rd Regiment

Active Western Australia, May-June 1830
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by October 1830
? Departed, late 1833 (for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 63rd Regiment


The 63rd regiment arrived in Tasmania to replace the 40th gradually during 1829, in a period of martial law decreed by the governor Arthur in response to the ongoing warfare between settlers and aboriginal inhabitants. Bandmaster Joseph Reichenberg of the 40th resigned and stayed on in Tasmania, while his role as chief local military bandmaster was taken over by Mr. Williams, master of the band of the 63rd.

The regimental headquarters of the 63rd arrived in Hobart in March 1830, however in May and June, the band was apparently still in Western Australia; it is recorded as having performed for the Queen's Birthday and the first anniversary celebrations of the colony. The band was in Hobart by October, however, when the Colonial Times noted: "A Correspondent has noticed to us 'that some of the band boys of the 63d regiment, have but little to do at the present crisis'."

The band nevertheless played for the government celebrations of the accession of William IV in December. Williams and 3 of his bandsmen assisted John Philip Deane in a concert given in September 1831. At the government's Queen's Birthday celebrations in Hobart in 1832, the Courier noted "the striking up at intervals of the band of the 63rd, brought to such perfection since its arrival under the Bandmaster, Mr. Williams"; and by mid-1833 the Courier was listing him among Hobart's musical "old favorites ... Messrs. Reichenberg, Deane, Russel, Marshall, Williams, of the 63d."

According to a much later recollection (1917):

One of our oldest inhabitants remembers the band of the 63rd Regiment (now 1st Manchester) about the year 1828 [sic]. Williams was band-master. The instruments used at that period were principally the key-bugle and the serpent (bass). There was a band sergeant named Cassidy, who was an expert on the former; he was often seen taking his rambles around the town playing his bugle. The 63rd left Tasmania in December, 1833.


[News], Colonial Times (22 October 1830), 2

A Correspondent has noticed to us "that some of the band boys of the 63d regiment, have but little to do at the present crisis. Would it not be as well, under existing circumstances, to call upon them to assist or partly relieve the inhabitants in their arduous duties of guarding the town?"

[News], Colonial Times (10 December 1830), 2

[Advertisement]: "STATEMENT OF COSTS OF CONCERT", Colonial Times (28 September 1831), 1

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (3 March 1832), 2

"Van Diemen's Land News", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 March 1832), 3

[News], Colonial Times (20 November 1832), 2

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (5 July 1833), 2

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Hobart Town Magazine 2 (reprinted 1834), 163


Bibliography and resources:

Manning Clark, A history of Australia, 2: New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land, 1822-1838 (Melbourne University Press, 1968), 269

Pamela Statham-Drew, James Stirling: admiral and founding governor of Western Australia (University of Western Australia Press, 2003), 174, 179


Organ tuner

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1846


Probably John Williams, pianoforte maker, below.


"ST DAVID'S CHURCH, HOBART TOWN", The Courier (4 February 1846), 2


Vocalist, oratorio and psalmody singer, teacher of sacred music

? Arrived Hobart, 1834 (convict per William Metcalf, from England, 23 May 1834)
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838-39


A Daniel Williams was convicted at Middlesex for a term of 7 years on 26 November 1833. In August 1838, a Daniel Williams made a complaint against a man who had threatened him:

"if he would come out, he would kick him, and spoil his singing. As singing was part of his profession, and defendant being a large man, and himself a little one, he feared he might enforce his threat, and therefore prayed for justice.

On the Queen's Birthday in May 1839, the convict Daniel Williams was granted a ticket of leave, and, his sentence having expired on 26 November 1840, his certificate of freedom. In December 1839, the singer Williams advertised:

Sacred Music. DANIEL WILLIAMS, Leader of Music in St. Andrew's Church, and Member of the Liverpool Festival Choral Society, most respectfully begs leave to acquaint his friends and the public of Hobart Town, that he intends to open a School or Academy of Sacred Music, at his house, No. 31, Elizabeth-street, so soon as an adequate number of Pupils assemble, of which due notice will be given in a future advertisement. He trusts from his experience in Oratorio Singing and Psalmody, that he is competent to instruct Pupils in the delightful science of Sacred Music ...


"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (14 August 1838), 7

"Tickets of Leave", The Hobart Town Courier (31 May 1839), 2

"GOVERNMENT NOTICE. No. 276", The Courier (3 November 1840), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (31 December 1839), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (22 December 1840), 3


Amateur pianist

Born Launceston, TAS, 1832
Died Piper's River, TAS, 15 September 1863, aged 31 years


An owner-bound book of sheet music, recently (as of 2014) discovered in a Launceston opportunity shop, is now in the Peter Sims Collection at the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Launceston, TAS, under the shelf number CHS37 E.2/9B. Sims's inventory (Sims 2014, 26) shows that it contains mostly London prints of music for piano and harp of the 1830s, but also including a complete run of Henry Mundy's Eight Sets of Quadrilles (London: Robert Cocks, [?1837]), copies of which were first advertised for sale in Launceston in April 1838. Some of the component prints bear the name "Miss Williams", one the date "Sept. 9th 1839", and the end page of the volume "Eleanor Hardwick". Sims (6) reliably identified at least one owner of the book as Eleanor Williams, who married Thomas Hardwick at Campbell-Town in 1858, and suggests that she may have been a young pupil of Mundy, either at Ellinthorpe Hall, or in Launceston c.1840. Plausibly, a slightly older female relative, also Miss Williams, may previously have owned some of the items.


"MARRIED", The Cornwall Chronicle (5 May 1858), 4

"DEATHS", The Mercury (22 September 1863), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Sims 2014 [includes facsimiles of the complete run of Mundy's quadrilles]

WILLIAMS, Henry St. Mordel


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854


Nothing further for certain is known about this probably amateur musician. A "Mordel H. S." appears as no 598 in a list of unclaimed letters in the Victorian Government Gazette (3 July 1855), 1560. However, a "Mr. St. Mordel" advertised as a musician in 1874.

Musical works:

The Victoria polka ("composed in honor of the Paris Exhibition") (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1854])


"THE GALLERIES", The Argus (18 October 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 January 1855), 8

[Letter list], The Argus (3 November 1855), 10 

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 August 1874), 1

WILLIAMS, Horatio W.

Vocalist, pianist

Active Sydney, January 1840


"News and Rumours of the Day", Australasian Chronicle (3 January 1840), 1

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (7 January 1840), 1

"MR. WILLIAMS' CONCERT", Australasian Chronicle (14 January 1840), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 July 1844), 3


Harpist, "Blind harper"

Active Ballarat, 1863


With harpist Thomas Llewellyn and the Sebastopol Welsh Choir, Williams, "the blind harper from Williamstown", elsewhere described as being from Ballarat, participated in a Welsh Eisteddfod in Ballarat in December 1863. Williams, as judge, awarded Thomas the 10 pound harp prize, and the two played together the Caerphili march "with wonderful effect".


"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (26 December 1863), 2

"THE WELSH EISTEDDFOD", The Star (30 December 1863), 4

"SOCIAL", The Star (25 January 1864), 1s

"VICTORIA", The Brisbane Courier (11 January 1865), 2

"CELEBRATIONS OF ST. DAVID'S DAY", The Australian News for Home Readers (18 March 1865), 6


Pianoforte Maker

Arrived Hobart, 17 April 1840 (per Majestic, from Liverpool, 18 November 1839)
Died Hobart, 30 January 1865, aged 60 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Williams first advertised as a "Pianoforte-maker (from Broadwood's, London) ... Ten years' experience in the first house in London ..." in Hobart on the day of his landing, 17 April 1840. By May 1843, he was selling pianos "all of colonial produce (except the strings and the brass), which he warrants to be equal in tone and more durable than any imported from England", and by January 1845, it was reported: "Mr. Williams, the celebrated pianoforte-maker or Hobart Town, has succeeded in manufacturing several first-rate instruments wholly from colonial material: they are represented to be exact copies of Broadwood's, and equally good, which Mr. Williams sells considerably below London prices". He continued to trade into the 1860s.


"Shipping Intelligence", The Hobart Town Courier (24 April 1840), 4

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (17 April 1840), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 October 1840), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (31 May 1842), 1

"PIANO FORTE MANUFACTURE", Colonial Times (23 May 1843), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (29 October 1844), 1

"COLONIAL-MADE PIANOFORTES", The Cornwall Chronicle (29 January 1845), 3

"ROBBERY DETECTED", Colonial Times (18 December 1846), 3

"DEATHS", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 February 1865), 4



Singer, songwriter, composer

Active Hobart, 1861


"THE OVERLAND ROUTE", The Mercury (2 September 1861), 2

[Advertisement], The Mercury (6 September 1861), 1

Original songs written for the entertainment; the music composed by Mr. J. M. Williams PANORAMA OF THE OVERLAND ROUTE ...Mr. Edward Macready has been employed for some time past in the preparation of an entertainment illustrative of the Overland Route. It will comprise a series of paintings introducing all the places of note at which the mail stops, with incidental scenes and appropriate songs. Mr. Macready will undertake the descriptive portion of the entertainment, and the songs will be sung by Mr. J. M. Williams, who is also the composer of the music. It is probable that the entertainment will be ready at an early period.



Active Melbourne, October 1852


[Advertisement], The Argus (13 October 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 October 1852), 5


Precentor, teacher of psalmody

Active Lake Learmouth, until 1860


"News and Notes", The Star (4 February 1860), 2

Mr. R. B. Williams, of Lake Learmouth, being about to leave the district for Smeaton, it has occurred to a number of his friends there that they should invite him to a social entertainment before he goes ...As secretary for the Agricultural Society, precentor and teacher of psalmody in the Presbyterian Church, and in other ways, Mr. Williams has become well known to the community in the farming districts, and on all sides he is universally esteemed. His nature prevents the possibility of his making any enemies. He and his estimable wife will be long remembered in the community, and especially in the congregation of which he has been a highly worthy and useful member.


Violinist, vocalist, actor, poet, ? songwriter

Born England, c.1816
Arrived NSW, 1838
Active Maitland area, NSW, by 1840s
Died Singleton, NSW, January 1862, aged 46


"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (17 June 1846), 2

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (2 January 1847), 2

"THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury (6 February 1847), 2

Between the pieces, Mr. Williams sang "Auld Robin Gray", and "John Anderson my Jo"; and in both songs was loudly applauded.

"THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury (24 April 1847), 2

In [Belfield's farce] "Australian Assurance", Williams, as Tim Murphy, kept the house in a constant roar ...Mr. Williams's benefit is fixed for Tuesday next, on which occasion Mrs. Arabin will make her second debut before a Singleton audience in the character of Fortunato Falcone, the Brigand's Son, in which she will introduce the admired ballad Some love to roam, accompanied on the violin by Mr. Williams.

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (13 October 1847), 1

"SINGLETON. MR. DONALDSON'S VISIT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (26 February 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (9 December 1848), 3

... a MUSICAL MELANGE, consisting of various Comic and Sentimental Songs; and "Barney O'Keefe in Australia," by Mr. Williams, of Singleton, who has kindly volunteered his services.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (20 December 1848), 3

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (13 December 1854), 3

"SINGLETON", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (21 January 1862), 4


Wandering musician, itinerant musician

Active Tasmania, 1859


"POLICE COURT", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (1 November 1859), 3

WILLIAMS, William Henry

Tenor vocalist, music printer and publisher

Active Melbourne, by 1853


Williams was honorary secretary of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society in March 1855, and regularly appeared as a vocal soloist in Philharmonic and other concerts through to the late 1880s. In 1854 he printed 1000 copies of the Rules of the Melbourne  Philharmonic Society at his own expense. In October 1856, as "W. H. Williams, Music and General Printer, 94 Bourke Street East, Melbourne", he issued Walter Bonwick's new ballad The Irish peasant girl ("Sung with great applause by Madame Anna Bishop") published "for the benefit of the Benevolent Asylum".  Possibly predating it slightly was George L. Allan's A Collection of Thirty Standard Psalm Tunes in Vocal Score, probably printed for use by Allan's singing classes. In 1856 Williams began printing George Slater's The Illustrated Journal of Australasia, the second volume of which (January to June 1857) featured monthly music supplements, including new songs by Stephen Massett, Sidney Nelson, George Tolhurst, William Tolhurst, and Walter Bonwick. Williams collected and reprinted these later as toward the end of the same later in Williams's Australian Musical Annual and Australian Skecth Book for 1858. Also in 1858 he published Bonwick and George Weinritter's Thirty-Three Easy Songs ("in two or more parts (principally original): compiled for the use of the Australian youth") (see Williams also printed music for other publihsers.


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 November 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 March 1855), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 October 1856), 8

[Advertisement]: "MUSIC: WILLIAMS'S AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL ANNUAL. 10 pieces ...", The Argus (14 September 1858), 3

 [Advertisement], The Argus (23 March 1863), 8

[News], The Argus (1 October 1863), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 February 1865), 8

"Early Melbourne Liked Music: Record of the Philharmonic Society", The Argus (17 August 1846), 17

Bibliography and resources:

Carne 1954



Active Adelaide, 1850 (? 1893)


[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

"CHURCH INTELLIGENCE", The Advertiser (6 November 1893), 7

WILLIAMSON, James Cassius

Theatrical and operatic manager (NLA persistent identifier)


WILLIAMSON, Jane Nelson also known as Madame VEILBURN


Professor of dancing, dancer, actor

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 August 1832 (free per Red Rover, from Cork, 10 April)
Married Joseph Shortland WILLIAMSON, St. James, Sydney, 29 April 1834
Died Sydney, 13 May 1858 TROVE public tag)

WILLIAMSON, Joseph Shortland

? Vocalist

Born NSW, 1808
Active Sydney, 1830s


(Miss VEILBURN; Mademoiselle OLIVIA; Mrs. John LEE)

Dancer, actor

Born Sydney NSW, 25 March 1840
Died Sydney, 1913


Jane Williamson, previously well known in Sydney as a dancing instructor, adopted the stage name of Madame Veilburn in August 1840. In October she gave "for the first time in this Colony, the Scarf and Wreath Dance". Her co-artist is referred to as her pupil and niece. She late worked in Melbourne, Adelaide and Geelong, and was last billed as appearing in Bathurst in June 1854. For a fuller summary of her career, under various names, see this article posted by Don and Ian Wilkey:


"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (21 August 1834), 3

Mrs. Bird gave her first Concert on Tuesday evening last, at the Pulteney Hotel, and was patronised by about 100 persons of respectability, among whom we observed Potter M'Queen, Esq. Captain Lambert, R. N., James Laidley, Esq. D. C. G. &c. &c. We have not space for a long critique of the Concert, but the public may form an idea of the quality of the performances when we state, that Mesdames Paul and Bird, and Messrs. Clark, Paul, Williamson, Simmons, &c. were the vocalists; Messrs. Sippe, Wilson, Josephson, &c. &c. the musicians; accompanied with the assistance of some of the military band; leader, Mr. Lewis. We are happy to see the Public so liberal in their support to all institutions of this description. Mrs. Bird, we hear, intends giving a series of Concerts, in which she has our best wishes.

"To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 April 1835), 2

SIR, I have left it up to the present time for at least a better judge or more able pen to do justice to Mrs. Williamson's juvenile ball of Monday evening last: to merely say it was a juvenile party would be but commonplace. I have been at juvenile parties in England, as also here, and can assure you, Mrs. W.'s equalled any I have seen in the mother country, Ireland not excepted, and surpassing any thing of the kind ever seen in this colony - the dancing being of that chaste and fashionable style which is most pleasing to the eye, and is seldom seen but among the first circles of society. The elegance and variety of waltzes, quadrilles, minuets, gavotes, gallopedes, &c, danced on the occasion, by the whole of the pupils, did justice to the superior tact and talent of the lady under whose tuition they have been. The room was tastefully decorated, and well lit up. If I may judge by my own feelings, I am sure all who were present on the occasion must have been highly gratified. The attendance of part of the 17th band added much to the enlivening scene. Thus you see Australia is advancing. VERITAS.

[Advertisement], The Australian (12 January 1836), 1

[News; 2 items], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 July 1836), 2

Balls and races are the order of the day. A Subscription Ball is talked of. Campbell Town Races are proposed. Mr. Wallace's next Concert is fixed for Wednesday night, and we perceive that Mrs. Williamson, the only accomplished female professor of dancing in Sydney, is about to "astonish the natives" in the course of the present month with a brilliant Ridotto or bal masque . . .

FROM A CORRESPONDENT. Mrs. Williamson has intimated her intention of giving a fancy ball in the saloon of the Royal Hotel, on Wednesday, the 20th instant. Our old respected colonist, Captain Piper, is the patron on the occasion. As this is the first public attempt at an entertainment of the kind, Mrs. W., it is to be hoped, will meet with every success, it being a fascinating and innocent amusement when conducted in a manner respectable and select. The excellent band of the 4th Regiment will be in attendance in the ball room.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (20 July 1836), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (23 January 1838), 1

[News], The Australian (11 September 1838), 2

We understand that Lady Gipps attended at Mrs. Williamson's Dancing Academy on Wednesday last, and expressed herself highly delighted with the proficiency of the young ladies in that graceful accomplishment.

[News], Colonial Times (22 May 1838), 5

[Advertisement], The Colonist (18 August 1840), 3

"THEATRE. MISS WINSTANLEY'S BENEFIT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 August 1840), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (10 October 1840), 3

"POLICE COURT", South Australian Register (1 November 1848), 3

James Carroll, charged with feloniously assaulting with intent to inflict a grievous bodily harm Jane Penner known professionally as Madame Veilburn, and mistress of the mysteries of the Adelaide Theatre. On the information being read, His Worship, addressing Mrs Penner, said, The prisoner has been apprehended on a warrant, issued in consequence of the complaint which you swore to, a few days ago . . .

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (17 June 1854), 3


B. H. Fletcher, "Williamson, James (1758-1826)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Don and Ian Wilkey, "Madame Adele Veilburn (c1813-1858)", posted at Australharmony, 26 April 2016



Active Sydney, 1859


[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

WILLIMOFF, Julian Emil de

Violinist, orchestra leader

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 3 November 1883 (per Gabo, from London, 7 September)
Died (? suicide) Sydney, NSW, 1907

1883 (NZ): Another violinist has arrived in Melbourne, Julian de Willimoff. He was formerly conductor for Soldene's Opera Company.

1887: First Appearance in Sydney of CARON'S STRING QUARTETTE. First Violin, Mons, de Willmoff; Second Violin, Mr. White; 'Cello, Mr. Summerhayes; Viola, Mons. Leon Caron.

1893: More than usual interest was centred in the first appearance in Adelaide as a solo violinist of Herr J. de Willimoff, the conductor of the Theatre Royal orchestra. Herr Willimoff was for some years resident in Sydney, and his performance on Saturday night showed that the reputation which preceded him was in no wise exaggerated, his opening solo, the famous "Andante and finale" from Mendelssohn's "Concerto" being played with such artistic grace and finished execution as to evoke a perfect storm of applause. Herr Willimoff used a violin made by Herr Fiebig, of this city, the tone and quality of the instrument coming as a surprise ...

1907: An elderly Frenchman named Julian Emil Willlmoff was charged at the Water Police Court this morning with converting to his own use a violin valued at £100, the property of Francis Robert Peel ..., violin teacher ... Willimoff was subsequently sentenced to 12 months, with hard labor, in Goulburn Gaol.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (5 November 1883), 8

"FOOTLIGHT FLASHES", Observer (24 November 1883), 15

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (8 July 1884), 1

"GRAND CONCERT IN THE SYDNEY EXHIBITION BUILDING", South Australian Register (15 August 1884), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1887), 2

"SATURDAY'S POPULAR CONCERT", The Advertiser (12 June 1893), 6

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (19 June 1893), 4


"Mons. Willimoff", Observer (27 October 1894), 15

"THE RAND CASE", South Australian Register (5 April 1895), 6

"MUSICIAN COMMITTED FOR TRIAL", Evening News (17 May 1907), 5

"A Well-known Violinist. CONVICTED OF THEFT", Evening News (5 June 1907), 5

"PARS ABOUT PEOPLE", Observer (22 June 1907), 4

"PERSONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1908), 6

WILLMORE, Henrietta

See MALLALIEU, Henrietta (Madame MALLALIEU)

WILLMORE, Walter Graham


Arrived Brisbane, QLD, 1878


[News], The Brisbane Courier (30 October 1878), 2

The newly-appointed organist of All Saints' Church, Mr. W. G. Willmore, who arrived by the Largs, entered upon his duties on Sunday last. We are informed that Mr. Willmore acted as organist at the Philadelphia Exhibition. He has been a pupil of Sir George Cooper, organist and choir master of her Majesty's Chapel Royal, St. James', and is well known to Mr. Henry Smart, Berthold Tours, and other eminent London professors.

"SUPREME COURT", The Brisbane Courier (5 June 1900), 7

Willmore v. Willmore. Mr. Woolcock (instructed by Messrs. W. H. Wilson and Hemming) made an application for alimony pending an action for alimony commenced by Henrietta Willmore against Walter Graham Willmore, organist. The plaintiff stated that since 24th July, 1896, she had only earned sums amounting to £20 in her profession as an organist and professor of music, and her income since that date was only £110, from property at Toowong. The sum of £118 had been received by her from defendant since 16th March, 1897. It was asserted that she was without means of livelihood for herself and daughter, and that her husband was possessed of property, and for the purpose of proving this evidence was called.

"PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT", The World's News (5 April 1933), 7

The only survivor of the Chapel Royal choir which sang at the wedding of King Edward and Queen Alexandra at Windsor in 1863 is believed to be Mr. Walter Willmore, who now lives in Victoria, British Columbia. Mr. Willmore sang the solo in the anthem at the wedding.



Active NSW, 1861


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1861), 14

Musical works:

The Australian Volunteer galop ("composed and dedicated to the volunteers of Australia by Miss E. C. Wilson") (Sydney: Lewis Moss, [1861])

The Gocup polka mazurka ("composed and dedicated to Mrs. Archer Broughton by [Miss] E. C. Wilson") (Sydney: Lewis Moss, [? c.1861])

Note: Mrs. Archer Broughton lived at Gocup, near Tumut, NSW, c.1860

WILSON, Mr. (initials variously given, F. WILSON, and either T. H. P. WILSON, or H. P. WILSON)

Musician (? violinist), leader of the theatrical band

Active Sydney, NSW, 1833-38, and see also below


According to The Herald, a "swellish sort of chap", called John Wilson was arrested on a Sunday morning in March 1833 "having been found, during Church hours, practicing some of Mr. Cavendish de Castells's new steps". Perhaps this was John Thomas Wilson, of Sydney theatre, partner of actor-singer Maria Taylor, and later certainly, if not this early, a friend of Cavendish.

What relationship if any this Wilson bears to the musician is unclear. John Lhotsky first reports in April 1833, that "Messrs. Edwards, Sippe, Cavendish, F. Wilson, &c. are connected with the institution of the Philharmonic Society", if the initial F. is accurately reported Wilson could perhaps be Felix Wilson, of the merchant step-brothers Messrs C. and F. Wilson of George-street.

At a concert in August 1834 it was reported that "A Quintette for two violins, tenor, flute, and violincello, by Messrs. Wilson, Sippe, Josephson, Lewis, and another performer whose name we have not heard, was received with much applause".

At Thomas Stubbs's concert in April 1835, the Australian was "indebted ... to Messrs. Stubbs and Wilson for the pleasure their masterly style of playing afforded".

Again in concert in July 1836: "The quintette by Messrs. Wilson, Stubbs, Deane, and two Master Deanes, was very well performed, but too lengthy."

Wilson was also one of the leaders of the theatrical band, as early as October 1834, when for a pantomime called The demon; or, The magic rose, it was advertised: "The Music by Messrs. Sippe and Wilson".

Still working alongside Sippe, in October 1836, for instance, Wilson was "Leader of the Orchestra" at the Theatre Royal.

After a period during which John Philip Deane had led the theatre band, in December 1837, the Gazette reported:

Messrs. Sippe and Wilson ... are engaged to conduct the orchestra for the ensuing season. If this be true, it will be quite enough to damn the Theatre to all intents and purposes. After the able manner in which Mr. Deane and his talented family have conducted this department, the play-going public will never tolerate Messrs. Sippe and Wilson as their substitutes. A more injudicious arrangement could not have been devised."

Again, in October 1838, for the Victoria Theatre, the Gazette reported:

[George] Peck is engaged as leader, and Wilson and Sippe added to the strength of the orchestra, while Dean[e] and his talented boys are excluded.


"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (21 March 1833), 3

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY IN SYDNEY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 April 1833), 3

"CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 August 1834), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 October 1834), 1

"Police Office", The Sydney Monitor (13 December 1834), 3

"MR STUBBS'S CONCERT", The Australian (24 April 1835), 2


"To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 May 1835), 3

"To the editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 August 1835), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 June 1836), 3

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (11 July 1836), 3

"To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (31 March 1837), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 December 1837), 2

"The Theatre Royal", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 March 1838), 3

"Victoria Theatre", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 October 1838), 2



Active Sydney, NSW, 1842-48, and see also above


Perhaps this Wilson is the same musician as the above. If so, regarding the possible identification with Felix Wilson, it is interesting to note that he, Felix, was declared insolvent in 1842, the year that our Wilson returns to the musical record, as one of the instrumentalists who played in John Philip Deane's concert in September 1842 (nevertheless, see also John Wilson below).

Wilson was first violin at Coppin's Saloon in Sydney in June 1844, and since several others in the band there were theatrical orchestra players, he may well have been a member of the theatre orchestra too. He is almost certainly the Mr. Wilson who, with John Edwards, played first violin for Nathan's Australian Philharmonic Society concert that same month. Again, he is perhaps also the Wilson who (? with Jonah Daniell) was reported at the Bachelors Ball at Windsor in June 1848:

The music, was of a superior description and the performers, Messrs. Daniels and Wilson from Sydney, deserve the highest encomiums.


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (10 September 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 September 1842), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1844), 4

[Advertisement], The Australian (24 June 1844), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1845), 1

"WINDSOR", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 June 1848), 3

WILSON, Frederick Sydney

Amateur guitarist, author, songwriter, poet, short-story writer, Anglican priest

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1863
Died Dubbo, NSW, 25 March 1901


An amateur guitarist who played in public, Wilson was also editor of the Illustrated Sydney News and a prolific author whose poems and stories (notably the serialised Woonoona: an Australian tale of the city and the bush, 1865-66), appeared regularly in the press in the 1860s. His lyrics were set by C. W. Harwood (Only of thee, love, 1864), and C. W. Rayner (The Australian stockman's song and There's no such word as fail, both 1868)


"AUSTRALIAN BUSH-BALLADS", Empire (3 June 1863), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1863), 1

"CELEBRATION OF ST. DAVID'S DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1864), 5

"NEW MUSIC', Empire (1 August 1864), 4

"New Song", The Sydney Morning Herald (9  May 1868), 6

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1868), 4

"Colonial Extracts", Quenbeyan Age (15 August 1868), 3

"ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. AN AGRICULTURAL ODE", Illustrated Sydney News (13 May 1869), 10

"Flotsam and Jetsam: Songs of the Bush", The Queenslander (15 September 1894), 500

"OBITUARY. DEATH OF ARCHDEACON WILSON", The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (27 March 1901), 2

"Death", The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (3 April 1901), 3

Literary works:  

Frederick Sydney Wilson, Australian songs and poems (Sydney: Gibbs, Shallard and Co., 1870)



Active Moruya, NSW, 1863


[Court reports] "SECOND DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1863), 5

Henry Wilson sworn: I am a musician, and live at Moruya, and sometimes at the Gulf, I played at a ball given at Moruya on the 27th May last, I saw the prisoner Sims on the following Saturday night between nine and twelve o'clock in the evening, at Mr. Flannigan's, at Shannon View, I was playing there.


Bandmaster, circus musician

Died ? Sydney, 1866


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1868), 1

INFORMATION required respecting a person named JED WILSON, formerly of San Francisco, California. When in Sydney he was Band Master for Wilson's Circus Troupe. Supposed to have died in the colony, about the Spring of 1866. Address to JOHN A. MATHEWS, Office, 55, New Pitt-street.

WILSON, John Thomas

Amateur vocalist, "musical swindler", ? guitarist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1833-39 (NLA persistent identifier)


A successful Sydney business figure - ironmonger, property speculator, auctioneer - Wilson was a close friend and business associate of William Joseph Cavendish, and notoriously partner ("paramour") of actor-singer Maria Taylor. His theatrical associations may date from only shortly after he arrived in Sydney, when he was perhaps referred to the press in March 1833 as a:

... swell, John Wilson, of Sydney theatre ... arrested on Sunday morning - having been found, during Church hours, practicing some of Mr. Cavendish de Castells's new steps

He and Taylor were subjects of a satirical song, The family man ("John Thomas was a Shropshire man ..."), published in The Colonist on 31 March 1836.

Having run up huge debts in Sydney, he "bolted" in October 1839, and, despite many rumours circulating in the Sydney press well into 1841, nothing certain is known of his movements thereafter. Though his other musical interests (real or perhaps merely metaphorical) can only be surmised, a late notice (perhaps, though not certainly, of him), early in 1840, may suggest he sometimes accompanied Taylor on the guitar:

A musical swindler has lately bolted to New Zealand, guitar and all, leaving various creditors in the lurch. The credulity of the parties who have suffered considerably diminishes the pity which we should otherwise entertain for them. The runaway is said to have declared that he was going to make purchases of land in New Zealand. He will take very good care, we suspect, to forget Sydney, Oh no we never mention it, and will "strike the light guitar" in that land which, until very lately, has been in the strict sense of the word, the refuge for the destitute.


"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (21 March 1833), 3

"Original Poetry", The Colonist (31 March 1836), 7

"THE THEATRE", The Colonist (4 August 1836), 6

Lang 1837, 1, 434-447; especially

? "DEPARTURES", The Colonist (4 September 1839), 2

"JOHN THOMAS WILSON - BOLTED", The Colonist (23 October 1839), 2

"John Thomas Wilson", Australasian Chronicle (25 October 1839), 3

[News], The Australian (26 October 1839), 2

[News], The Australian (29 October 1839), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (21 November 1839), 3

"DEPARTURES", Australasian Chronicle (27 December 1839), 4

"NEW SOUTH WALES", Southern Australian (2 January 1840), 4

"J. T. WILSON. To the Editor", The Sydney Herald (8 January 1840), 2

[News], The Australian (24 March 1840), 2

"JOHN THOMAS WILSON", The Sydney Herald (8 April 1840), 1 Supplement

"PORT PHILLIP", The Sydney Herald (3 October 1840), 2

"Original Correspondence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 October 1840), 3 

Bibliography and resources:

A. F. Pike, "Wilson, John Thomas", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Beedell 1992, 260-1, 267, 281-82, 291-96, 305



Died Sydney, 28 August 1852


"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1852), 3

"CORONER'S INQUESTS", Empire (1 September 1852), 2


English concertina pupil (of Henry Witton)


Harmonium pupil (Witton)

WILSON, William

Flute pupil (Witton)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

J. WILSON (English Concertina), Condell-st., Fitzroy ... W. H. WILSON (Harmonium), Argyle-st. east, St. Kilda ... WILLIAM WILSON (flute), George-st., Fitzroy. [pupils of Henry James Witton]


Professor of music

Active Ipswich, QLD, 1862


"WEEKLY EPITOME", The Courier (18 January 1862), 2

"LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. MR. WILSON", North Australian and Queensland General Advertiser (10 July 1862), 3

"MUSICAL", North Australian and Queensland General Advertiser (18 October 1862), 2

"CONCERT", North Australian and Queensland General Advertiser (23 April 1863), 3

WILSON, Marmaduke Henry

Professor of music, pianist, composer

Born ? Scotland, 1833/4/5
Arrived Sydney, by January 1859
Died East Maitland, NSW, 17 May 1871, aged 36/37 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



"COURT FOR THE RELIEF OF INSOLVENT DEBTORS", The London Gazette (March 1855), 1166

"TO THE CREDITORS ...", The Edinburgh Gazette (2 April 1858), 673

TO THE CREDITORS OF MARMADUKE HENRY WILSON , Professor of Music , residing in Balmoral Terrace, Kilmarnock . THE said Marmaduke Henry Wilson has presented a Petition to the sheriff of Ayrshire , praying to be discharged of all debts and obligations contracted by him , or for which he was liable at the date of his sequestration , on the 13th February 1858 ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 January 1859), 1

HERR W. CARL SCHMITT, of Munich, and Mr. MARMADUKE H. WILSON, of London, give their Grand CONCERT TO-NIGHT, at the PIER HOTEL, Manly Beach. Steamer will leave at 2.30 p.m. Admission, four shillings, fare there and back included.


Thursday [second day of the Annual Agricultural and Horticultural Show] was a fine bright day, occasionally gloomed by clouds, and during the afternoon a brief shower fell. Far away in the west there was a heavy storm in the forenoon, but it did not come near the town It was holiday weather, and a large number of people made holiday accordingly, about three thousand visitors being on the ground. The publicans' and refreshment booths thrived well, and the man with the merry-go-round must have made a harvest out of the children. From the grand-stand the Volunteer Band sent forth at intervals its enlivening strains, which however were exchanged for the solemn tones of the " Gloria" as the funeral procession of the late Mr. Marmaduke Wilson came down Devonshire-street, and halted at St. Paul's Church. The incident induced not a few of the friends of the deceased to bestow a passing thought of regretful sadness upon one who was "a good fellow," well-liked by all who knew him.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 June 1871), 1

"THE LATE MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON", The Maitland Mercury (21 September 1871), 2

"THE LATE MR. MARMADUKE H. WILSON", The Maitland Mercury (21 November 1871), 3


Itinerant musician, strolling fiddler

Active Ararat, VIC, 1869


"DEGREDATION", The Ballarat Star (18 June 1869), 4

What a man may come to in Victoria received another illustration at the Ararat Police-court on Friday last. R. G. Wilson, a man shabbily dressed and generally in ill condition, was placed in the dock, charged with stealing a violin belonging to a " mate" with whom he had been tramping through the country as itinerant musicians. On Thursday these men dissolved their partnership and went "on the spree," and Wilson sold the instrument in question in the belief that he was authorised to do so by his comrade, but absorbed the proceeds himself. The police-magistrate dismissed him from custody, and almost immediately afterwards the two were together again "hob-nobbing" as usual. But the remarkable thing is that this man Wilson, whose manner indicates a better condition, should have descended to this vagabond life. Originally a surgeon, he subsequently became dispenser at the Melbourne Hospital, and now turns up as a strolling fiddler, living alternately upon the road and in the public-house, with no higher ambition than to get drunk as often as possible.-Ararat Advertiser.

WILSON, Thomas

Amateur musician, organ builder, solicitor, mayor of Adelaide

Born UK, 5 December 1787
Arrived Adelaide, July 1838 (per Duke of Roxburgh)
Died Kensington, SA, 31 March 1863 (NLA persistent identifier)


"THE LATE MR. THOMAS WILSON", South Australian Register (7 April 1863), 2

Death has removed another old colonist - one who may well be ranked amongst the pilgrim fathers of South Australia, and remembered as one of the most active of our many citizens. Mr. Thomas Wilson, whore decease took place at the residence of his son, Mr. C. A. Wilson on Tuesday, 31st March, arrived in this colony in 1838. He was for many years partner in the firm of Smart and Wilson, solicitors, and at the time of his death was the oldest member of the legal profession in South Australia. ...Music had in Mr. Wilson an enthusiastic student, and he attained considerable practical skill in organ-building. This was with him a favourite recreation at his town residence, and he there planned and named the Clarabella stop. As an author Mr. Wilson is favourably known to the literary world by his "Catalogue of an Amateur" and his "Illustrated Catalogue of the Works of Rembrandt;" also by his "Shakspeare Illustrated," which was valued at 1,000 guineas. In this colony he published several poems, remarkable for their sparkling imagery and polished versification. He was a keen but kindly observer of passing events, and, as a prose-writer, delighted in that good-natured satire which loves to play, not wound. We know that there are several unpublished compositions upon which Mr. Wilson expended considerable care and attention, Fortunately, he has left sons who are fully competent to collect and edit a complete issue of his literary works.

Bibliography and resources:

Wilson, Thomas (1787-1863), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967);

Thomas Wilson : miscellaneous articles and lectures [compiled by the National Gallery of Australia Research Library]

WILSON, Thomas Braidwood

Explorer, Inidgenous culture reporter

Born Scotland, 1792
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, May 1822 (on the Richmond)
Died Braidwood, NSW, 11 November 1843 (NLA persistent identifier)



Wilson 1835 contains several mentions of Indigenous and European dances and singing, imported songs (Jolly Dick the lamplighter song [Dibdin]), contact songs, music, fiddling (by the ship's fiddler), a musical snuff-box, and most notably the earliest European account of an ebero (dijeridu/didgeridoo) (104)



Bibliography and resources:

Moyle 1981

WILSON, William

Music engraver, printer

Born UK, c.1792
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 September 1828 (free per Arab, from London, 23 March)
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 June 1867, aged 75 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Wilson is connected with only two music prints. The first, advertised at New Year 1836, and in the chronology of colonial production next after Lhotsky's 1834 Song, is Thomas Stubbs's The minstrel waltz for 1836, no surviving copy of which has yet been identified.

The second print, much later, is Johah Daniell's La militaire quadrilles, of 1848, the titlepage of which is inscribed: "Wilson, York St."


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1828), 3

[Advertisement], The Colonist (1 January 1835), 8

"THE MINSTREL WALTZ", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 January 1836), 3

Rarely have we been more truly gratified at any literary present, than by this unique New Year's Offering to the Muses. The composer of the piece is Mr. Thomas Stubbs. The artist who engraved and printed it is Mr. Wilson, of Hunter-Street, Sydney. We do not say too much when we set down this little work as a chef d'ouvre in its way, considered as a Colonial production, and the first thing of the kind yet published here. Did it not possess all the merit of composition and ingenuity that it does, we should still applaud it as opening a way for the fine arts into New South Wales, of which, the composer, Mr. Stubbs, is a Native, and the engraver a Colonist of some years. No lady in the Colony should be without "The Minstrel Waltz."

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1867), 1

On the 29th June, at his late residence, 394, Pitt-street South, Mr. WILLIAM WILSON, engraver, aged 75 years.


Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 243-44 (DIGITISED)

William H. Wilson, Design & Art Australia Online


WINBERRI, Young (Ner-rim-bin-uk; Nurmbinuck; Young Winberri)


Active VIC, c.1840

See NINGULABUL, Sons of old


? Singer

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1838


"Hobart Town Police Report", Colonial Times (7 August 1838), 7

John Winch, who was recently sent to the House of Correction, as a rogue and vagabond, and on whom was found a hymn book, was now charged with stealing it, being the property of Mr. John Milward, from the Independent Chapel. It appeared in evidence, that prisoner had attended in the singing pew at that Chapel, and from whence he must have stolen the book. He admitted he had taken the book to practise with, at Brown's River, whilst his own was repairing; prior to this he had told another story about the book, which militated much against him, and he was fully committed for trial.


Contrabass player

Active Adelaide, SA, 1865


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (8 September 1865), 1

LYSTER'S ROYAL ITALIAN AND ENGLISH OPERA COMPANY ... GRAND ORCHESTRA First Violins: Mr. JAMES, Mr. WHITE; Second Violins, Mr. PUTMAN. Mr. F. HYDECKER; Viola, Mr. JAGER; Violoncello, Mr. HART; Contra Bassos, Mr. BROWN. Mr. WINEBAR; Flute, Mr. CREED ROYAL; Clarionettes. Herr LUNDBORG. Mr. J. HYDECKER; Timpain [sic], Mr. BRODIE; Horns, Herr KOHLER, Mr. REDDETT; Cornet, Mr. SCHRAEDER

WINNEY, James Arthur (J. A. WINNEY)

Professor of music, music teacher, organist, journalist, newspaper editor

Born Mile End, London, 15 July 1856
Arrived Adelaide, SA, February 1880 (from London)
Married Millicent Wilson, West Maitland, NSW, 16 September 1884
Died Taree, NSW, 5 August 1943, aged 87 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (10 March 1880), 3 

MR. J. A. WINNEY (Late organist of Bandon Hill Church, Surrey), BEGS to inform the inhabitants of Goulburn that he has been appointed Organist of St. Saviour's Pro-Cathedral, and in now prepared to Teach the Piano, Organ, and Harmonium; also Singing, Harmony, and Theory on the Tonic Sol Fa. Method. For terms apply J. A. WINNEY, care of S. H. Belcher Esq., Garroorigang.

"ST. ANDREW'S PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH", Goulburn Herald (8 July 1882), 4 

"NEW ORGANIST OF THE WESLEYAN CHURCH", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 April 1883), 5 

[News], Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser (12 May 1888), 8 

"Lower Clarence", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (14 June 1890), 4 

"An Old-time Clergyman", The Wingham Chronicle and Manning River Observer (20 October 1936), 4 

"MR. J. A. WINNEY", The Northern Champion (7 August 1943), 2 

"OBITUARY", The Northern Champion (11 August 1943), 2

"OBITUARY", The Manning River Times and Advocate for the Northern Coast Districts of New South Wales (11 August 1943), 4 

In our last issue we mentioned that the death had occurred in the M.R.D. Hospital on Thursday afternoon of Mr. Jaines Arthur Wlnney, a very old resident of Taree, at the age of 87 years. He had that birthday on the 15th July ... The late Mr. Winney was an Englishman, having been born in Middlesex. He received his musical education, and degrees at the Tonic Solfa College, London. As quite a young man, he emigrated to Australia with other members of his family and arrived in Adelaide in February, 1880. After remaining in that city for a time, he came to New South Wales, and was organist at the Church of England Cathedral at Goulburn for a considerable period. He next settled in Grafton, where he engaged in literary work, having been on the staff of a paper (now defunct) known as the "The Grip." From Grafton he moved to Kempsey, where he managed and edited the old "Macleay Herald," which also ceased to exist many years ago. Mr. Winney was also at Queanbeyan and Raymond Terrace before coming to the Manning over 30 years ago, when he settled down and spent the remainder of his life in this town. Here his chief occupation was the teaching of music and voice production, which he carried on until a few years ago. Incidentally, he did a little freelance journalism for the "Wingham Chronicle," and also assisted in that office when they were shorthanded. In the realm of music quite a number of his pupils competed, and some successfully, at the annual eisteddfods that used to be held in Taree in years gone by, before the advent of the widespread popularity of radio and "canned music." He also rendered assistance at times in the compilation of the eisteddfod syllabus, his knowledge being of considerable assistance to the committee. He was an organist of more than average ability and loved to be engaged thereat. The late Mr. Winney had a very likeable nature. Unkind words or thoughts never escaped his lips ...

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 2006, Supplement, 54

WINSTANLEY, Ann (Anne; Mrs. XIMENES; Mrs. Henry Cockburn Milne XIMENES)

Actor, vocalist, dancer

Born Wigan, Lancashire, England, 1824
Arrived (1) Sydney, 2 May 1833 (per Adventure)
Active from 1834)
Departed Sydney, 12 April 1849 (per John Calvin, for London)
Died ? Berkshire, England, 1908 (buried in Ximenes family vault) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Younger daughter of the theatre scene-painter William Winstanley (d. February 1842) and sister of the leading actor Eliza Winstanley (later Mrs. O'Flaherty), Ann made her Sydney theatrical debut as a child with her sister at the Theatre Royal in October 1834. Her first concert appearances took place in 1837-38, having studied in the meantime with John Philip Deane, at whose concert is was probably she who appeared, incorrectly billed as Miss C. Winstanley, and reported as Miss E. Winstanley. She appeared again for Eliza Wallace's concert in October 1838, and was increasingly regularly billed as a singer. In July 1841 she married Henry Ximenes, a Lieutenant of the 16th Regiment who arrived in the colony in 1840 having applied for discharge on the grounds of insolvency. Her appearance in a pants-role, as Florestein in Balfe's The Bohemian girl in July 1846 was especially noted. Her last appearance, before departing for England in March 1849, was as Lisa in Bellini's La sonnambula.


"THEATRICALS", The Australian (4 November 1834), 2

The younger daughter of Mr. Winstanley also appeared on this occasion. She sang "Kate Kearney" very prettily - her voice has great capabilities, but she would be much more interesting with more of nature and less of art. In the above song, she had evidently taken Mrs. Taylor as her model, but what may be very excellent in that lady, would have a quite contrary effect in a child.

"THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (22 April 1835), 2-3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (1 February 1837), 1

"CONCERT", The Australian (7 February 1837), 2

[Master Deane] also distinguished himself in two Duets with Miss E. Winstanley [recte ? Anne]. This young lady, as far as her tender age will allow an opinion to be formed, possesses great capabilities as a singer, and we have no doubt that under the able tuition of Mr. Deane (of whom she is at present a pupil), they will be brought into such celebration as to render her in time a most excellent singer.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (10 October 1838), 3

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 October 1839), 2

"THEATRE. MISS WINSTANLEY'S BENEFIT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 August 1840), 2

"MRS. O'FLAHERTY'S (LATE MISS WINSTANLEY) BENEFIT", The Sydney Monitor (5 May 1841), 2

"INSOLVENT DEBTOR'S COURT", The Australian (11 May 1841), 2

"MARRIED", The Sydney Monitor (14 July 1841), 3

"Theatricals", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 February 1842), 2

"Theatricals", Bell's Life in Sydney (25 July 1846), 2

"MUSIC. To the Editors", Bell's Life in Sydney (31 July 1847), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 January 1849), 2

"SELECTIONS FROM AUSTRALIAN POETS. No. O. MRS. XIMENES", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (7 April 1849), 3 

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Monitor (13 April 1849), 2

"THE DRAMA", Bell's Life in Sydney (31 March 1849), 3

"SELECTIONS FROM AUSTRALIAN POETS. No. O. MRS. XIMENES", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 April 1849), 3

"DEATHS", The Argus (14 June 1867), 4

Bibliography and resources (family): N. M. Robinson, O'Flaherty, Eliza (1818-1882), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967); William Winstanley, DAAO



Actor, occasional vocalist, dancer, novelist

Born England, 1818
Arrived (1) Sydney, 2 May 1833 (per Adventure)
Active from October 1834 (stage debut)
Departed Sydney, 12 April 1849 (per John Calvin, for London)
Arrived Sydney (2), 1880
Died Sydney, NSW, 2 December 1882'Flaherty (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE public tag) (NLA persistent identifier)


Though, unlike her younger sister Anne, Eliza Winstanley was not a singer by training and choice, she could and did sing on occasion when professionally required, notably in 1836 as Fatima in Blue Beard (music by Michael Kelly).

She was reportedly touring the USA in 1849-50.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 October 1834), 1

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (4 November 1834), 2

"Blue Beard", The Sydney Monitor (27 August 1836), 2

THOSE who have seen certain pieces performed in London, and afterwards see them here, witness the Colonial representation at a disadvantage. Thirty-two years ago we saw "Blue Beard" in the old Theatre of Drury-lane ... The impression this gorgeous spectacle made, is well fixed in our memory ... The music of "Blue Beard" has rarely been excelled for true harmony; that which touches the heart with out breaking in on the feelings by a vulgar mechanical-execution "of difficult passages." And the circumstance of "Blue Beard" being announced by our Sydney Thespians, as it has been, with a sort of pomp, and as a piece of unusual merit, shews, that there is in this Turkish Romance something unusually imposing. The first scene, in which the incomparable march called "Blue Beard's March" is introduced with a grand Turkish procession, was well managed; the new scene itself excellent. The charming duet between Fatima and Selim had to be omitted - for though Miss Winstanley can sing, Peat cannot ... Miss Winstanley "would" have sung "When pensive" well, but for two things - first, she was frightened out of her wits, being a novice in singing in public; and next, she pronounced the words with too homely an accent. But for these faults, both easily remedied, she would have sung this beautiful air well. ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (9 December 1836), 3

"ELIZA WINSTANLEY. THE FIRST AUSTRALIAN ACTRESS. (By MARGARET SWANN)", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (21 August 1931), 2

Bibliography and resources:

N. M. Robinson, O'Flaherty, Eliza (1818-1882), Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

William Winstanley, DAAO

Nance Irvine, Eliza! Eliza!: the biography of Eliza Winstanley, 1818-1882 (Canberra: Mulini Press, 1997)

Catriona Mills, Women at work on page and stage: the work of Eliza Winstanley (Ph.D Thesis, University of Queensland, 2008)

WINTER, Melchior (Melchor; Thomas William)

Tenor vocalist
Born Hereford, England, 28 October 1818
Arrived NZ, by 1869; Melbourne, by December 1872
Died Christchurch, NZ, 28 August 1920, aged 102


[Advertisement], The Economist (14 April 1860), 415

[Advertisement], New Zealand Herald (15 October 1869), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 December 1872), 8

[Advertisement], Press (10 April 1873), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 February 1875), 12

"LAUNCESTON", The Mercury (17 May 1875), 2

"THEATRE ROYAL", The South Australian Advertiser (9 April 1883), 5

"WINTER V. SIMONSEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 May 1888), 9

[News], The Argus (7 April 1892), 4

"MADAME WINTER", Free Lance (6 February 1919), 4

"A CENTENARIAN ACTOR", Referee (19 November 1919), 9

"MELCHIOR WINTER, TOM SPRING'S SON", Referee (22 September 1920), 10

Mr. W. G. Atack, hon. secretary of the New Zealand Boxing Council, thoughtfully sends along the following information. The matter was referred to in the Referee a few weeks since. Mr. Atack gives additional particulars: "The Christchurch papers of August 30 contained the following death notice: Winter - August 28, 1920, at Christ church, Thomas William, in his 102nd year. Obituary notices dealt with the public career of the deceased, who, for many years, was well known in musical circles. He appeared on the platform as Melchior Winter, in operas and at concerts, both in Australia and New Zealand. After three years in the British Navy he left to take up music and singing, and made his debut at Bath in 1859. Shortly afterwards he left, for Australia. What was not mentioned in the obituary notices, possibly because it was only known to a comparatively few, was that Melchior Winter was the son of the old English champion, Tom Spring, whose name, as you know, was Thomas Winter, Spring being a name conferred on him in London, whither he went to seek fame and fortune in the ring. Tom Spring died on August 20, 1851, and if you turn up Pugilistica you will see it there mentioned that the chief mourner at his funeral was his only surviving son, Melchior Winter, the centenarian who has just passed away, a few weeks short of reaching his 102nd birthday.


Extended family of English military band and orchestral musicians (19th - early 20th century)

WINTERBOTTOM, Frank Midwinter King (R.A.M.)

Cellist (Adelaide String Quartet), composer, conductor, arranger, military band director

Born England, 21 March 1861
Active Adelaide, SA, 1881-82
Died January 1930


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 September 1880), 1

"CONCERT OF THE ADELAIDE LIEDERTAFEL", South Australian Register (13 October 1880), 6

Mr. F. Winterbottom afterwards played on the violon-cello with his accustomed good taste and expression one of Schubert's songs and Gounod's "Berceuse," the latter being especially masterly, and eliciting loud applause.

"ADELAIDE STRING QUARTET", The South Australian Advertiser (27 April 1881), 6

"ADELAIDE STRING QUARTET CLUB", The South Australian Advertiser (12 May 1881), 8

"SONG AND DANCE", The Mail (27 June 1914), 9

Bibliography and resources:

The heritage encyclopedia of band music (1991), vol. 2. 289; Self-portrait of Percy Grainger, 20


Bassoonist, conductor, entrepreneur, bandmaster, composer

Born England, 1817
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by January 1853
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 17 December 1861 (per Result, for London)
Died Putney, England, May 1897, aged 80 (NLA persistent identifier)





A member of a British military-musical family, Winterbottom was a business man, as much as a musician. He made an instant impact with newly cashed-up Sydney and Melbourne audiences, entrepreneuring not one-off concerts, but month-long seasons of nightly "Grand Promenade Concerts A La Jullien", advertising himself as "the sole projector of these popular concerts in the Australian colonies", and a regular cohort of featured soloists. For these and his later trademark "Monster Concerts", new prosperity delivered not only large mixed audiences, but also allowed him to fill his orchestra with other hopeful recent arrivals; as he claimed:

... the vast influx of population has enabled him to form a band, selected from the finest orchestras in the world, artistes as well capable of interpreting the sublime compositions of Handel, Beethoven, or Mendelssohn, as to delineate music of a lighter character.

His rather unexpected transformation from a London instrumentalist into a colonial entrepreneur was newsworthy even back in Britain, earning "AUSTRALIA" one of its earliest notices in the The Musical Times

Mr. Winterbottom, the performer on the bassoon, is catering for the mixed public of Melbourne by giving promenade concerts, in close imitation of M. Jullien, to vast audiences, and with corresponding profit to himself.

Winterbottom also started selling himself as a composer. For a "monster concert", with "100 performers", in Sydney on 26 May 1853, he announced his "intention of presenting each Lady in the Reserved Stalls" with a New polka, "beautifully illustrated by Walter Mason" (who, formerly of the Illustrated London News, was also part of the recent "vast influx", having come from England in 1852).

Probably in response to market forces, Winterbottom's programs increasingly rationed the "sublime compositions" of the masters, though what The Musical Times called his "mixed public" seems to have welcomed his virtuoso bassoon solos as a Classical curiosity.

Numerous musical prints of works by other composers, both local (notably Edward Boulanger) and imported, were billed as, for instance, "[performed] with immense success, at Winterbottom's Promenade Concerts", or "Played by Winterbottom's Unrivalled Band".

From being an opportunistic outsider at first, within two years of arrival, Winterbottom was part of the theatrical establishment. At the Royal Victoria Theatre in Sydney on 22 August 1855, he composed music for "a new Electro-Biological Burlesque Operatic Extravaganza", Alonzo the brave; or, The fair Imogene (to a libretto by Sidney Nelson's son-in-law, H. T. Craven). And on 26 August 1856, at the Lyceum Theatre, the evening's performance commenced with "the new Dramatic story", Eva; or, Leaves from Uncle Tom's Cabin

... (second time) ... The overture and entire music composed and arranged by M. Winterbottom ... the nigger dances and serenades by the Ethiopian Minstrels engaged expressly to give effect to the delineation of slave life!

In Hobart, when the new Theatre Royal opened in summer 1857, Winterbottom directed the music and composed an overture Theatre Royal, which the Mercury described as "a spirited composition ... extremely well performed by the Orchestra". He was also credited with having "composed the Music of the drama", billed as Cinderella. Winterbottom later also directed the music at the Prince of Wales Theatre in Sydney, where in November 1858 he introduced a new "Grand Musical Burlesque", The yellow dwarf; or, The king of the goldmines, "Music by Winterbottom". Recently published in Sydney in March 1857 were his Hermione valse.

Apart from these, only two more Australian printed compositions survive, both issued close to the end of his Australian stay, The Lady Don valse, and The Zoe galop. The first was introduced at the Royal Victoria in Sydney in June 1861, to celebrate the last night of the season there by the visiting British burlesque artiste William Don, and his wife Emily in Sheridan's The rivals. Four days later, Winterbottom took his first Sydney "farewell", at the Masonic Hall with the Howsons and bandmaster Douglas Callen as his co-conductor, only to turn up again at the Lyceum in July with a performance of the Zoe galop "dedicated to the owner of that celebrated race-horse, Mr. John Tait".

Winterbottom and his wife took their final Melbourne benefit on 26 November, "on the eve of departing for Europe".


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 January 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 April 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 May 1853), 2

"AUSTRALIA", The Musical Times (1 August 1853), 235

"WINTERBOTTOM'S LAST CONCERT", The Courier (10 November 1853), 3

"M. WINTERBOTTOM'S GRAND CONCERT", Illustrated Sydney News (6 May 1854), 3

On the evening of Monday last, M. Winterbottom's Musical Festival collected in the Bazaar-Saloon of the Royal Hotel a more crowded and brilliant assemblage than is often brought together for any purpose in Sydney. Indeed, the sitting accommodation was quite inadequate, and not a few were compelled to stand during the entire performance. Mrs. Hancock and Miss Flora Harris delighted the audience with their "most sweet voices" - but we must say that the pleasure would have been still greater if the selection had been more judicious. M. Winterbottom's bassoon-playing, however, constituted the chief attraction; and, certainly, that gentleman's complete mastery of this very difficult instrument was something marvellous. M. Winterbottom, in fact, seems to have in his chest a sort of "Inexhaustible Bottle", from which issue in bewildering profusion the very eccentricities of an intricate and yet most harmonious melody. We trust that we shall often have the pleasure of attending M. Winterbottom's Concerts. If due attention be paid to the selection of the programme, they cannot fail to become the most fashionable entertainments of our city.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 August 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 September 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 August 1856), 1

"THE DRAMA. ROYAL VICTORIA", Bell's Life in Sydney (1 December 1855), 2

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Hobart Town Mercury (11 March 1857), 2

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (13 November 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 June 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 June 1861), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1861), 1

"MR. WINTERBOTTOM'S BENEFIT", Empire (8 July 1861), 4

... We feel confident that it is only necessary to advert to the fact that, owing to several unsuccessful speculations in the neighbouring colony, Mr. Winterbottom will return to England, after many years of unremitting toil and assiduous catering for the public amusement.

"OPENING OF THE LYCEUM THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1861), 5

[News], The Argus (26 November 1861), 4

[News], The Star (2 December 1861), 2

To-morrow evening that accomplished swordsman and equally accomplished performer on the bassoon, will take a farewell benefit at the Theatre Royal, previous to his departure for England in the Result. The entertainment, which is under the patronage of Major Wallace, Captains Campbell, Smith, and Drury, and the Ballarat Rifle Rangers, is to consist of a comedy, followed by a vocal and instrumental concert; the strains of the Rangers' Band; an assaut des armes, involving the presentation of a prize medal for the best broadsword player; Mr. Winterbottom's own feats of skill in swords-manship; and a new burlesque! With such a dainty and tempting bill of fare, surely it cannot be necessary for us to urge our readers to be at the feast, though we rather think that the better motive will actuate them - that of visiting the theatre out of compliment to an accomplished and worthy man.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (17 December 1861), 4

[News], The Argus (23 December 1869), 5

"A FAMILY OF BANDSMEN", The Mercury (12 May 1892), 2

"A REMARKABLE RECORD", Timaru Herald (23 May 1892), 3

Mr. John Winterbottom, who has completed 21 years of service in the Royal Marine Artillery as bandmaster, has just retired from it to take up the appointment of bandmaster of the 20th Middlesex (Artists) Volunteer corps. From 1799 to the present time, Mr. Winterbottom's family, who came from Saddleworth, Yorkshire, have (according to a writer in Lloyd's News)  put in the unique service, in the army and navy, of 213 years. His great uncle (John Winterbottom), who enlisted as a private in the 52nd Regiment in 1799 was given a commission as ensign and adjutant for gallant conduct in the Peninsular War in 1808, having fought with great distinction at Badajoz and also at Waterloo. His maternal grandfather was 30 years in the 1st Life Guards, and as quartermaster of the regiment fought also at Waterloo. His father served 21 years in the 1st Life Guards, and was the first sword instructor of the army; his portrait, by command of William IV, was painted and hung in the Waterloo Gallery at Windsor. Mr. Winterbottom's three brothers have all been bandmasters, and the four have put in a hundred years' service. The elder generation may remember the subject of this notice as a solo player at Julien's promenade concerts at Drury Lane; at the Monday Populars at St. James's Hall; and at one time as musical director of the Olympic Theatre; while Australians will not forget his carrying out a concert in 1856, at Sydney, for the benefit of the survivors of the Monumental City, which went down with nearly all on board. During a residence of ten years in Australia Mr. Winterbottom earned the esteem of all classes, and left, as he does at Portsmouth, the record of an honourable and distinguished name.

"DEATH OF MR. JOHN WINTERBOTTOM", Portsmouth Evening News (15 May 1897), 2

The great majority of our readers, taking an interest as they do in Portsmouth and Service matters, will share the regret feel in announcing today the death of Mr. John Winterbottom, formerly bandmaster of the Royal Marine Artillery at Eastney. The sad event occurred on Thursday at Mr. Winterbottom's residence, 27, Spencer-road, Putney, and the funeral is fixed take place on Monday, when the remains will interred at Kensal Green Cemetery.

Mr. Winterbottom, was for many years a notable figure in the Military musical world, belonged to distinguished family, whose aggregate services the present century already amount to 218 years. The father of the present generation served the 1st Life Guards, and subsequently, while warder of the Tower of London, had charge the rebel Thistlewood. Mr. John Winterbottom, now deceased, started learning music from a bandsman in the Life Guards, afterwards taking lessons from a private master, and year after year attending the weekly practices at the Royal Academy of Music. His first professional engagement was as a bassoon player in the orchestra of the Princess's Theatre, with the English Opera Company. He also played for a number of years at Chappell's Monday Popular Concerts at St. James's Hall, and was solo bassoon player at Mellon's Popular Promenade Concerts at Covent Garden. For a time, too, he was musical director at the Olympic Theatre. He first came into prominence in the musical world, however, a solo player at M. Julien's promenade concerts at Drury Lane. After this he went out to Australia, where for ten years he was conductor of the English and Italian Opera Companies, of which Catherine Hayes, the English prima-donna, was the leading artiste. Then he returned to England, and in 1870 was appointed bandmaster of the Royal Marine Artillery. This position he filled, with credit to himself and advantage to the corps, until March 31st, 1882, when he retired by the exigencies of the Service, and left Portsmouth for London to take up a new appointment as bandmaster of the Artists' Corps of Volunteers, the 20th Middlesex. Prior to his departure from Portsmouth, two complimentary concerts were given in his honour by the professional musicians of the town, and he was publicly presented by Mr. Pillow, on their behalf, with a pair of gold spectacles in a silver case. Mr. Winterbottom had been the recipient of many such marks of esteem in the course his career, and among his prized possessions was a scarf-pin, from a fellow-musician, H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh.

"MR. J. WINTERBOTTOM", Army and Navy Gazette (29 May 1897), 11

Mr. J. Winterbottom, whose death at Putney, at the age of 80, is announced, was for many years Bandmaster of the Royal Marine Artillery at Portsmouth; subsequently he became Bandmaster to the Artists' Rifle Volunteer Corps. His was the fourth generation of long service in the Army. His father, whose portrait, painted by order of King William IV, hangs in Windsor Castle corridor, was the finest swordsman in the Army, and fought at Waterloo in the Life Guards, as did four others of the family, whose military services in the four generations extend to 215 years. The deceased began his career as a bassoon-player in Jullien's orchestra, and for some years he was band conductor in Melbourne and Sydney.

Bibliography and resources:

Brown and Stratton 1897, British musical biography, 453-54 

Lyndesay Graham Langwill, The bassoon and contrabasson (London: E. Benn, 1965), 180


Orchestral musician, double-bass player

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1888-89


"WINTERBOTTOM V. M'WILLIAMS", Fitzroy City Press (1 February 1889), 3

This was an action to recover a double bass-violin, valued at £35. Mr. Winterbottom was one of those gentlemen Mr. Cowen brought out from England for the Centennial orchestra. He went to lodge with his wife at Mr. M'Williams'. They paid their board regularly, but Mr. Winterbottom having to leave rather unexpectedly for England, told his landlady that he would be obliged to go. This did not please Mrs. M'Williams, who at once demanded a week's board merely in lieu of a week's notice. Mr. Winterbottom refused the demand, and the irate landlady seized the unoffending "double bass," and banged its unfortunate neck against the wall and broke it ...

Bibliography and resources:

William Winterbottom (1821-1889), trombonist.

WIRTH, John (senior) (Mons. WIRTH; Johannes; WERTH)

Musician, bandmaster, composer

Born Bavaria, 1834
Arrived VIC, 1855
Died Miller's Point, NSW, 10 July 1880, aged 46 years

WIRTH, Jacob

WIRTH, Philip Peter Jacob

Musician, circus performer and proprietor

Born Beechworth, VIC, 29 June 1864
Died Coogee, NSW, 29 August 1937

WIRTH, George

Musician, circus performer and proprietor

Born Sydney, NSW 30 July 1867
Died Sydney, NSW, 16 October 1941


Musician, bandmaster


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 May 1856), 1

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE.-Mons. WIRTH'S celebrated band will attend, and play several favourite Overtures; PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE.-The Victoria and Albert Polka, and MOUNT VESUVIUS QUADRILLES.

[Advertisement], The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (14 July 1860), 1

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1867), 2

John Wirth was charged by Sarah Karst with having assaulted her. Complainant deposed that, on last Monday forenoon, she heard music opposite her house in Kent-street., and went to the window; defendant, one of the musicians, for some time made faces at her, in consequence whereof she took out a bucket of soap and water, told him to go away, and threw the water on his feet; he, with his clenched fist, struck her in the mouth with such force as to knock out two teeth; he next caught her by the shoulder, and with all his force throw her to the ground, and then went away. It appeared, on cross examination, that complainant's husband at one time played in the same band with the defendant, but at her request discontinued his connection with defendant. To pay a penalty of £3, or to be imprisoned one month. Sarah Karst was found guilty of having assaulted John Wirth, by throwing water upon him, as in her prosecution of Wirth she admitted having done, and was ordered to pay a penalty of 10s., or to be imprisoned twenty four hours.

"BALL AT GOVERNMENT HOUSE ... The Christmas races", Queensland Times (5 January 1869), 3

Mr. Wirth's brass band played a selection of lively tunes, and materially added to the gaiety of the day.

"WARWICK DISTRICT COURT", Warwick Examiner and Times (7 June 1873), 2

John Wirth, a bandmaster, deposed that he had maintained prisoner for two days before the ball, prisoner saying he had no money. Prisoner stated to the magistrates that he found the money outside the public house.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1880), 1

WIRTH. - July 10, John Wirth, musician, of 20, Bettington-street, Miller's Point, leaving a widow and large family to deplore their loss, aged 46.

"INDOOROOPILLY HARRIERS", The Brisbane Courier (1 October 1906), 6

Through the kindness of the president, the Bavarian Brass Band, under the conductorship of Mons. Karl Wirth, supplied enlivening music ...

"THE WIRTH FORTUNE", The Maitland Daily Mercury (12 May 1913), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Philip Wirth, The life of Philip Wirth: a lifetime with an Australian circus (Coogee, NSW: P. Wirth, 1930)

... Before commencing the actual history of Wirths' Circus we must first go back to the early years of the second half of the Nineteenth Century, when continued bad luck as a prospector forced my father, John Wirth, Senior, reluctantly to abandon his search for gold and to commercialise his talent for entertaining others. He was naturally gifted as a musician and a composer, being able to play any musical instrument with great skill, and from the time when he commenced earning his living in this way, we can watch the gradual development of Wirths' World Famous Circus ...

Mark Valentine St. Leon, "Wirth, Philip Peter Jacob (1864-1937)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

Mark Valentine St. Leon, "Wirth, George (1867-1941)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

Mark Valentine St Leon, "Circus', Sydney Journal 3/1 (December 2010), 1-22

WISDOM, Robert

Songwriter, poet, journalist, politician

Born Blackburn, Lancashire, England, 31 January 1830
Arrived Sydney, August 1834 (per Arab)
Died Sydney, 16 March 1888


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (21 December 1844), 3

"DEATH OF SIR ROBERT WISDOM", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 March 1888), 11


"AUSTRALASIAN ANTHEM: ADVANCE AUSTRALIA", The Maitland Mercury (14 June 1851), 2

"AUSTRALIAN SONGS", Bathurst Free Press (25 October 1851), 2

"AUSTRALIAN ANTHEM. THE SUN OF AUSTRALIA", Empire (17 October 1854), 3


Bibliography and resources: Elizabeth Guilford, Wisdom, Robert (1830-1888), Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)


Bandmaster (German Band)

Active Sydney, by 1866
Died Annandale, NSW, 22 December 1888, in his 56th year


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 October 1866), 1

"TO THE EDITOR", Empire (5 March 1868), 3

[Advertisement], Empire (24 October 1868), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1871), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 January 1872), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1873), 9

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1874), 9

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1880), 18

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 January 1889), 4

Note: In Sydney in December 1871, Wissell already had on his band program the Pipele Waltzes by Alberto Zelman, who was only recently arrived in Australia.

WITTENOOM, John Burdett

Amateur musician, violoncello player

Born Newark, Nottinghamshire, England, 24 October 1788
Arrived Swan River, WA, 31 January 1830
Died Perth, WA, 23 January 1855 (NLA persistent identifier)


"SWAN RIVER", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 April 1830), 2

"To the Editor", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (22 October 1836), 785

"MAGISTRATES COURT - PERTH", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (21 March 1840), 31

FEBRUARY 27. Before W. H. Mackie, and P. Brown, Esquires. James Manson, Esq., appeared to answer the complaint of the Rev. J. B. Wittenoom, that at a private party at the residence of W. Samson, Esq., he had received a kick when in the act of placing his bass-viol in the corner of the room, where the defendant was standing. Evidence was produced to establish the fact. Mr. Manson, in refutation of the charge, stated that when Mr. Wittenoom passed him with his violoncello, he (Mr. Manson) moved a chair to give him room, and the complainant then trod upon his toe, which, supposing it to have been wilfully done, the defendant immediately kicked his heel. Defendant was summarily convicted of the assault and battery, and fined 5L., to the use of her Majesty, and was adjudged to pay the constable's fees, amounting to five shillings, to be deducted out of the said fine.

[Advertisement], Inquirer (23 December 1846), 4

[Advertisement], Inquirer (3 February 1847), 2

[News], Inquirer (24 January 1855), 2

"Funeral of the late Colonial Chaplain", Inquirer (31 January 1855), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Inquirer (20 January 1869), 3

... There are still many among us who remember the charming concerts given long since in Perth, and to which Mr. and Mrs. Symmons, Mr. Wittenoom, Mr. Stone, Mr. Schoales, Mr. Lochee, Mr. H. deBurgh, and Mrs. Maycock contributed their great and varied talents ...

"RECOLLECTIONS", The West Australian (19 October 1935), 7

AS Perth from its very earliest days has always been a musical and music loving people and still remains so, I think I ought to say something of their doings. There were some very fine musicians I have been told in those early days. Mrs. Luke Leake, senior, piano; Mrs. Hamersley, singing; the Rev. Wittenoom, cello, being among the foremost ...

Bibliography and resources:

R. E. Cranfield, "Wittenoom, John Burdett (1788-1855)", Australian dictionary of biography2 (1967)

WITTON, Henry James (R.A.M.)

Professor of Music, composer, music and instrument retailer and repaire, band-master

Convicted Bristol (7 years), 2 January 1832
Arrived Tasmania, 15 February 1833 (convict per Circassian, from Plymouth, 14 October 1832) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Found guilty of having obtained under false pretences musical instruments worth upward of £100, Witton was convicted at Bristol City Quarter Session for a term of 7 years on 2 January 1832, and transported per Circassian, for Van Diemen's Land.

He received a ticket of leave in June 1838, and on 13 November it was advertised that he was due to be given his certificate of freedom in January 1839, seven years to the day after his sentencing. Having meanwhile advertised in Hobart as a "musical instrument repairer, piano forte tuner, oboe, bassoon, and clarionet reed maker", with "two Piano Fortes, also a quantity of music for piano, flute, violin, violoncello, &c. &c." for sale, and claiming to be "A Pupil of the Royal Academy of Music" ready to "give Instructions in singing the Psalms of David"

On 14 November 1838 he allegedly forged and uttered a note for the sum of £5. Rearrested for this offence on 12 January 1839, on 11 February he was convicted in the Supreme Court to be transported for life to Norfolk Island.

Witton was extraordinarily fortunate to arrive there during the first months of Alexander Maconochie's commandantship, where he was well placed to benefit under the musical programs pursued by Maconochie and James Reid, and as a result he was a leading participant (perhaps the leading participant) in the theatrical and musical performances there on the Queen's Birthday in May 1840. One of the songs he sang on that occasion, Old England for ever, may have been his own; for free again, in Sydney in 1846, he sent a printed copy of Old England I live but for you ("the poetry by F. Drake, Esq.; an officer late of H.M. Service; composed and arranged with accompaniments for the piano forte, by H. J. Witton, R.A.M.") for review by the Morning Chronicle. He married in Sydney in August 1846, and he and his wife had moved to Adelaide by early 1847.

Concerts there in February and March 1847 included three of his compositions, My gallant bark (song), Heki's address to his country the evening before he was attacked by the British Forces ("Song ... Written and composed by H. J. Witton"), and The New Zealand Chieftains' Battle Song ("Heki and Kawita"). He also formed and directed an Adelaide Town Band. He was in Melbourne from 1853, where in 1860 he advertised that he had been teaching music for 30 years. An advertisement taken out in Brisbane in 1862 reprinted a testimonial signed by nine of his Melbourne students, with their respective instruments. Back in Melbourne in 1865, he advertised the impending publication of Witton's Twelve-Lesson Theory of Music. His last known address was the Christian Israelite Sanctuary, Fitzroy, in 1866.


"Tickets of Leave", The Hobart Town Courier (1 June 1838), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (13 November 1838), 3

"GOVERNMENT NOTICE", The Hobart Town Courier (28 December 1838), 2

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. NORFOLK ISLAND", The Sydney Herald (24 June 1840), 2

"NEW MUSIC", Morning Chronicle (24 January 1846), 2

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1846), 3

"A NORFOLK ISLANDER", Bell's Life in Sydney (17 October 1846), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (17 February 1847), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 March 1847), 1

"POLICE COURT", South Australian (8 August 1848), 3

"RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT", South Australian (20 October 1848), 1s

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 July 1849), 1

"PROFESSOR WITTON'S BAND", South Australian Register (26 December 1849), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (18 February 1850), 2

"DECLARATION OF CONFIDENCE IN MR. JOHN STEPHENS", South Australian Register (7 March 1850), 1s

[3 advertisements], The Argus (22 August 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 September 1855), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 December 1859) 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 January 1860), 3

"VICTORIAN EXHIBITION, 1861", The Argus (20 August 1861), 6

[Advertisement], The Courier [Brisbane] (24 October 1862), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 July 1865), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 July 1866), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 August 1866), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 January 1867), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 February 1867), 7


Convict details


conduct record,247,197,L,58

WIVELL, Edward James

Professor of Dancing, photographer

Active Melbourne, by 1856; active Adelaide, by 1863


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 August 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 September 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 January 1858), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 August 1859), 8

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (27 July 1865), 6

"ASSEMBLY", South Australian Register (18 April 1867), 3

"CHARGES OF THEFT. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (19 November 1867), 2

"TALK ON THE FLAGS", South Australian Register (25 November 1867), 2

"ADELAIDE. LATE ROBERRIES", The Argus (22 November 1867), 5

"THE BALL-ROOM COMPANION", South Australian Register (10 May 1873), 5

Bibliography and resources:

E. J. Wivell, The ball room companion and pupil's self-help ([Adelaide]: [Author], [1873])

E. J. Wivell, The six square dances, or, fashionable quadrille (Adelaide : [E.J. Wivell], 1891)

Web: Edward James Wivell,  DAAO


WOLFF, Johann Wilhelm

Organ builder

Born Lehe, Germany, 1818
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1849 (immigrant per Pauline)
Died Malvern, SA, 11 July 1894 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Summary (after Maidment)

Wolff was a native of Lehe (Bremerhaven). He arrived in South Australia in 1849 with funds to invest in property. He was building organs locally from 1862 until 1880, producing as many as 22 Adelaide instruments, including St. Francis's Cathedral; St. Paul's, Pulteney Street; St. Luke's, Whitmore Square; Unitarian Church, Adelaide; Tynte Street Baptist Church, North Adelaide; Wesleyan Church, Norwood; and St. George's, Gawler. His organs were distinctive from those built by English builders, with unusual casework, pipework, action construction, layout and distinctive tonal design, an interesting amalgam of English and German stylistic characteristics.

Bibliography and resources:

John Maidment, "Orgelbauer und Orgeln aus Deutschland in Australien", Acta Organologica 29 (2006), 33-82

John Maidment, "St. Aloysius' Catholic Church, Balaclava Road, Caulfield, [organ] 1880 Johann Wolff for Wesleyan Church, Port Adelaide", OHTA (December 2010 & February 2011)

WOOD, Charles

Amateur musician, collector of sheet music

Active Balmain, NSW, 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In or around 1862, Charles Wood, of Looke's Paddock, Balmain had a large album of sheet music bound, containing 74 separate titles, mostly British imports and dating from the 1850s. The album is now at the National Library of Australia:

Recent local content by Australian composers includes:
The Australian volunteer's song /words and music by Madame F. Sachs;
That young man from the country / arranged expressly by Marmaduke Henry Wilson;
Should auld acquaintance be forgot: polka / arranged by George Peck;
"Sempre libera" let me bask in every pleasure / arranged by George Peck;
The ladies favorite polka / composed by Edwin H. Cobley;
The Australian bouquet polka / by Edwin H. Cobley;
The volunteer's mazurka polka / by Edwin H. Cobley;
Lost Marguarite / words by H. Halloran; music by Glentworth Addison;
The favorite schottische / Edwin H. Cobley;
Take this glass of sparkling wine / arranged by A. Reiff, jun.

The collection also includes a large number of American "plantation", minstrel and serenader songs.

Categories: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

WOOD, Isaac

School-master, dancing instructor

Born ?, .1780
Active Wexford, Ireland, until 1812
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1813 (convict per Archduke Charles)
Died Sydney, 14 February 1823, aged 43

WOOD, Felicia (Elizabeth, Miss SIMS, Mrs. Isaac WOOD)

Dancing instructor

Arrived Sydney, 14 January 1814 (per Kangaroo)
Married Isaac Wood, 15 September 1815
Died Sydney, 30 March 1821, aged 26 years


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 August 1818), 1

DANCING. - AT the Desire of some respectable Personages, Mr. WOOD, of the Sydney Academy, has been induced to engage a Person perfectly qualified to instruct Pupils in that graceful Accomplishment, which is considered so necessary to the Acquirement of a becoming Demeanour. Persons who have been heretofore deprived of the Opportunity, have it now in their power of being improved, as suitable Hours are appointed for their Reception, when they may receive private Lessons.- Terms of Tuition and other Particulars will be made known on Application as above. Mrs. WOOD will receive young Ladies, to whose Instruction she will personally attend.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 December 1818), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 April 1819), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 January 1821), 4

"DIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (31 March 1821), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 February 1823), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Family history

WOOD, James

Town crier, bellman

Active Parramatta, to 1838


"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (2 July 1838), 2

James Wood, a resident of Parramatta, about 75 years of age, and known for many years as the town crier, left his home on Saturday last, and was missing until Wednesday, when he was discovered on the road to Liverpool in an exhausted state, and partially eaten by the native dogs. He was conveyed to the Liverpool Hospital, no hopes being entertained of his recovery. It was reported on Thursday that he was dead.


Indigenous guide, singer, "a great man at corroberries"

Active Illawarra / Ulladulla area, NSW, c. 1842-46 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Joseph Townsend, in his Rambles and observations, names "Jimmy Woodbury" as one of his most admired native guides; Woodbury was "a great man at corrobbories ... and I know that he has walked fifty miles, in one day, in order to join in a dance at night (88-89). He was possibly also Townsend's source for the song he published in musical transcription (on page 91).

For main entry on the song see:



Townsend 1849, 88-91, 105

[Review], The Athenaeum (28 April 1849), 433-34 

"REVIEW (From the Colonial Magazine for June)", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 October 1849), 3-4

WOODRIFF, Daniel James

Amateur flautist, naval captain

Born England, 1788
Arrived Australia 1804
Died Old Charlton, Kent, England, 20 January 1860 (Woodriff senior, NLA persistent identifier)

Music collection:


Daniel Woodriff (1756-1842) first came to Australia as Naval Agent on the convict transport Kitty in 1792, and a second time in 1803-04 as captain of HMS Calcutta for David Collins' abortive expedition to found a new settlement in Port Phillip (the Sorrento landing). His three sons, Daniel James junior), John and Robert all served on the Calcutta in 1803-04 under him. Woodriff family papers, including a diary kept by Daniel junior, a keen flautist, are in the SL-NSW ( Daniel James's son, also Daniel James (d.1865), came to Australia and settled at Penrith. The family library of flute and other music, preserved in the NLA among Woodriff family papers (, consists of c.16 printed books, the earliest important colonial personal music collection to survive (


John Marshall, Royal Naval Biography; or, Memoirs of the Services of All the Flag-officers ... Whose Names Appeared on the Admiralty List of Sea Officers at the Commencement of the Present Year 4/2 (1835), 104-05

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1860), 1

"DEATHS", Empire (27 November 1865), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Douglas Campbell Tilghman, Woodriff, Daniel (1756-1842)Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Freda Gray, "Music of the early settlements of the 1800s", Papers and Proceedings (Tasmanian Historical Research Association) 43/2 (June 1996), 59-62

Heather Clarke, "Captain Woodriff & The Wheatstone Manuals", Australian Colonial Dance (20 September 2012)


Amateur musician, convict

Died (executed) Melbourne, 3 August 1864

Obituary: On Wednesday morning, at 9 o'clock, the sentence of death was carried into effect upon Christopher Harrison, Samuel Woods, and William Carver, convicted at the late Criminal Sittings of the Supreme Court in Melbourne- Harrison of murder, and the others, Woods and Carver, of robbery in company and wounding ...Samuel Woods, as he chose to call himself, but that was not his real name, was born at Bath, in 1823, and was a shoemaker by trade. His history is a peculiar one, and shows that the unfortunate man had been familiar with crime in all its phases from a very early age. ...He was very fond of singing, and previous to his condemnation copied a lot of music. He also used to play the harmonium in the Gaol. His music-book he gave to the senior warder. Woods was said to be generous in some of his actions. He has written an autobiography, which he has disposed of to some enterprising publisher; the proceeds are to be given to a poor blind man and his daughter, who had been kind to him in other days.


[News], The Mercury (8 August 1864), 2

"VICTORIA", South Australian Register (9 August 1864), 3

"THE CONVICT WOODS", The Argus (10 August 1864), 5

"THE IMPOUNDED AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF THE CONVICT WOODS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1864), 4

Bibliography and resources: SLNSW


Trombone player

Active Sydney, 1859


[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3


WOOLCOTT, Charles Henry

Amateur singer, musician, secretary (Australian Harmonic Club), Town Clerk of Sydney

Born Exeter, England, 1821
Active Sydney, by 1846
Died Berry's Bay, NSW, 23 August 1905, in his 84th year (NLA persistent identifier)


"INSTALLATION OF HIS EXCELLENCY SIR CHARLES FITZROY", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1846), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1845), 1

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1905), 6

"PERSONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 August 1905), 6

The death is announced of Mr. Charles Henry Woolcott, formerly town clerk of Sydney. The deceased gentleman was for many years closely identified with the municipal life of this city. He took much interest in matters relating to the early history of Sydney, and some years ago the City Council accepted from him a gift of pictures which give a good idea of Sydney as it appeared in the early days. The late Mr. Woolcott passed away at his residence, Ivy Cliff, Berry's Bay, yesterday, in his 84th year.


Australian Harmonic Club

Charles, William (brother)

*WOOLCOTT, William Prout

Music publisher and retailer

Active Sydney, 1851-56 (as Woolcott and Clarke)
Died Sydney, 30 September 1887, aged 61 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 July 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 August 1856), 6

NOTICE is hereby given that William Prout Woolcott and Jacob Richard Clarke, of George-street, Sydney in the colony of New South Wales, stationers and book-sellers, and of the Cremorne Gardens at the North Shore, did, on the nineteenth day of August Instant, duly make and execute an assignment of all their real and personal estate, credits and effects whatsoever to John Godfrey Cohen, of George-street, in Sydney, aforesaid, auctioneer, one of the firm of Messrs. Cohen and Harbottle, of the samc place, auctioneers, and John Sands, of George-street, in Sydney aforesaid, bookseller and stationer, one of the firm of Messrs. Sands and Kenny, of the same place, booksellers and stationers; in trust for the benefit or all their creditors ...

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 October 1887), 13

WE regret to have to announce the death of Mr. W.P. Woolcott, sen., house and land agent, which occurred suddenly yesterday afternoon. Mr. Woolcott at the time of his death, was on his way from his office, Fitz-Evan-chambers, Castlereagh-street, to join his brother (the late town clerk), when he dropped dead, it is supposed from an attack of apoplexy.

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 October 1887), 1


Charles Woolcott (brother)

Jacob Clarke (business partner, 1851-56)

WOOLLEY, Emmeline Mary Dogherty

Pianist, organist, music teacher, choir leader, composer

Born England, 1843
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 9 July 1852
Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 18 March 1908 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE public tag) (TROVE public tag)


"A short poem ...", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 May 1873), 9

"MUSICAL AT HOME", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1895), 8

"The Captive Soul", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 October 1906), 41

News comes from Adelaide of the successful performance of "The Captive Soul," a tuneful cantata by Miss E. M. Woolley, of Sydney, set to words by the late Miss Ethel Pedley. It may be remembered that this clever work was performed in Sydney some years ago, but the recent production was the first to take place in any other State. The performance was by the Conservatorium ladies' part singing and orchestral classes, under the direction of Miss Guli Hack. The principal roles were capably rendered by the Misses Gladys Edwards, Hilda Klintberg, Hilda Cox, Martha Bruggemann, J. Cowper, F. Summerton, K. Joyce, K. Checkett, and Mr. H. Prime. Miss Woolley, who was present on the occasion, received quite an ovation at the conclusion of the performance, and was presented with quantities of lovely flowers.

"DEATH OF MISS WOOLLEY", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 March 1908), 6

Both in musical and in social circles, the death of Miss Emmeline M. D. Woolley, which occurred at 5.30 a.m. yesterday, after several months' illness, at her residence in Upper William-street (now Woolcott-street), Darlinghurst, will be deeply regretted. A long and charitable life, marked by innumerable acts of unostentatious benevolence, more especially extended to the young and helpless of her own sex, is thus closed, and with it an artistic career, the influence of which stimulated nearly every local movement in the higher interests of music that has been set on foot during the past 30 years. Miss Woolley was the oldest daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Woolley, who was the first principal of Sydney University [who] arrived in Sydney with his wife and young family, in July, 1852. ... Miss Woolley developed a talent for music at an early age, and accordingly completed her musical education as a pianist in Germany. Besides this, she spent two years in Florence, and eventually returned to Sydney accomplished in both languages, and with a sound knowledge of, and vivid interest in, the art and literature of Italy. During her earlier professional career in this city, Miss Woolley was recognised as a pianist with a style at once scholarly and sparkling, whilst as an organist she officiated brilliantly at St. John's Church, Darlinghurst, working with success to replace the old-fashioned instrument of that period with one equipped with the latest improvements. In many other ways, this lady was prominently and unselfishly concerned in the cause of music. In the late seventies she endeavoured to secure a subsidy for open-air concerts with cheap refreshments for the people in the Garden Palace grounds; she joined her partner and friend, the late Miss Pedley, in a journey to England in 1895, as the outcome of which the Royal Academy and Royal College of Music extended their Associated Board Examinations to this country; and she ardently supported Signor Hazon in founding the Sydney Amateur Orchestral Society, on the committee of which she remained to the end. Her last attendance at a public concert was, indeed, at the recent farewell to the Italian conductor in September. Miss Woolley was interested in kindred musical bodies, and be- sides organising concerts (with Miss Pedley) in aid of the Women's College, the Thirlmere Consumptives' Home, the Women's Industries' Exhibition (1888), and other institutions, she actively assisted Lady Mary Lygon in the elaborate "Sydney Musical Competitions" which took place at the Town Hall In 1900. As a composer, Miss Woolley exhibited the gift of graceful melodic expression in several separate works, published in London, such as "The Serenade" and "The Wind and the Beam", but her principal composition was "The Captive Soul", a poetic fairy romance, written by Miss Pedley. Both ladies were concerned in founding the St. Cecelia Choir in 1884, and it was this fine body of female voices which produced the new cantata (under Miss Pedley's baton) in 1895. This stamped the composer as a musician capable of considerable melodic inspiration, and the choral dirge, "Hush the Spindle, Hush the Loom", made a deep impression upon all who heard it. The manuscript was at once purchased by the famous publishing house of Novello, Ewer, and Co., whose expert pronounced it "an exceedingly clever work", and it has since been performed in many of the great musical centres of England. Two years ago "The Captive Soul" was rendered in Adelaide at the University by the students of the Elder Conservatorium. The death in 1898 of Miss Pedley, in concert with whom she had produced for the first time here Greig's "C Minor Sonata", and the one in F, Bargiel's trio, and other works, proved a severe blow to Miss Woolley, but she conducted the St. Cecilians until failing health increased the difficulty of keeping the once fine semi-chorus before the public.

Musical works:

The wind and the beam (words: Bulwer Lytton) (London: London Music Publishing Co., [1870s?])

The king's highway (words: "Australie") ([?]: [?], [1873])

The captive soul, cantata for soprano, mezzo-soprano, contralto and tenor soli and chorus of female voices, the words written by Ethel C. Pedley, the music composed by E. M. Woolley (London: Novello and Company, 1896) (FREE DOWNLOAD)

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Rutledge, "Woolley, Emmeline Mary Dogherty (1843-1908)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

K. J. Cable, "Woolley, John (1816-1866)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)


Ethel Pedley


WORGAN, George Boucher (1757-1838)

WORGAN, George William (1800-1862)

WORGAN, George (1803-1888)

See main page on the Worgan family in Australia and New Zealand:



Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 2 April 1831 (per Rifleson, from London, 20 October 1830)


A daughter of a recently arrived Hobart butcher, Stephen Wrathall (died 1872, aged 93), she appeared in Deane's concert in July 1832.


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (8 April 1831), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 May 1831), 4

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (4 June 1831), 3

[News], Colonial Times (11 January 1832), 2

... Miss Wrathall's "I'll gaze on thee no more," was loudly applauded; it was, we believe, the first song she ever sang in public, and from the specimen she gave us of the capabilities and melodious power of her voice we anticipate many future treats; as might naturally be expected there was a degree of timidity on her first presenting herself in front of the orchestra, and a little tremour in her voice, but as she advanced in the song she became more empassioned, and at its termination sat down amidst loud applause.

[News], Colonial Times (24 July 1832), 2

Miss Wrathall's "Oh, say not", wanted only a little more art to render it a most brilliant performance; her song was deservedly encored.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (27 July 1832), 3

... the sweetness of Miss Wrathall's voice delighted every one.

"Soiree XII", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 September 1832), 3

... Judging from these accounts, the Hobart Town concert must have been "vastly better" [than the Sydney concert]. No disparagement this, however, to Mr. [George] Sippe. If he had not Mrs. Davis or Miss Wrathall in his company, it is because these vocalists are not in Sydney.

WRAY, William Beresford (MR. W. B. WRAY)

Organist, pianist, composer

Born Alfreston, Derbyshire, England, c. 1825
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, 2 November 1857 (per Morning Light, from Liverpool); departed April 1858 (for England)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, 1 September 1860 (per Champion of the Seas, from Liverpool)
Died Brighton, VIC, 7 April 1861, aged 36 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Juvenile musicians, vocalists

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 September 1860 (per Champion of the Seas, from Liverpool)
Departed for England, November 1862


Wray arrived in Melbourne for the first time from Liverpool on the ship Morning Light on 2 November 1857, and a week later Joseph Wilkie advertised publication of his The Morning Light polka ("Composed on the Voyage to Melbourne").

He advertised as a teacher of music in December billing himself as "late Organist of the Blind Asylum, Liverpool, late Conductor of the Torquay Choral Society; Organist of the Sacred Harmonic Society, Liverpool, 700 performers,)", and as otherwise open to engagement. Wray sailed again for England in  April 1858, but returned to Melbourne in September 1860, on board the Champion of the Seas, likewise recording that voyage with his The Champion of the Seas polka ("Composed expressly for & respectfully dedicated to the owners of that magnificent vessel").

On his return, Wray brought his large family of young performers with him, the Wray Family, or "The Little Nightingales" (for their names, details, and concert repertoire, see Melbourne advertisement September 1860; also Bendigo review December 1860). One other musical work by him, published in England, is The Charm schottisch ("companion to the Gem Polka; dedicated to the gentlemen of Birkenhead") (Liverpool [UK]: W. P. Draper, [?1857]).


"BOLTON", The Musical World (3 May 1851), 285

[Advertisement], Illustrated London News - Saturday 03 July 1858

MR. W. B. WRAY, Professor of Harmony and Composition, for five years Organist and Choir Master at the Blind Asylum, Liverpool, will be happy to meet with another ENGAGEMENT as ORGANIST &c. Just published. Wray's "Cambria Galop," 3s. Friends requiring copies, please address Alfreton, Derbyshire.

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 November 1857), 6

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (16 November 1857), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 December 1857), 8

MR. WRAY (late Organist of the Blind Asylum, Liverpool,) will give FINISHING LESSONS. References - MISS Burdett Coutts, Dr. McNeale, Miss Sullivan (niece of Viscount Palmerston), Dr. Scoresby, and Major-General Macarthur, No. 6 Swiss-terrace, Fitzroy-street, Collingwood.

MR. WRAY (late Conductor of the Torquay Choral Society) gives FINISHING LESSONS on PIANOFORTE.

MR. WRAY (Organist of the Sacred Harmonic Society, Liverpool, - 700 performers,) is open to an ENGAGEMENT.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (16 April 1858), 4

"MELBOURNE: DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1858), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 September 1860), 8

[News], The Argus (6 September 1860), 5

"SOCIAL", The Star (24 November 1860), 2

"THE WRAY FAMILY", Bendigo Advertiser (8 December 18600, 2


[News], The Argus (12 March 1861), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 April 1861), 4

[News], The Argus (8 April 1861), 4

We regret to have to announce the death, at 6 o'clock yesterday morning, of Mr. W. B. Wray, a gentleman well known to the musical world as an accomplished organist, and to the public generally as the father of "The Little Nightingales". Mr. Wray was formerly organist at the Blind Asylum in Liverpool, but was compelled to resign his appointment by the state of his health, to ameliorate which he resided for some years at Torquay on the coast of Devonshire. The peculiar nature of his complaint, consumption, subsequently induced him to visit this colony nearly three years ago. Many will remember with pleasure his performances upon the organ during his short stay, and while he had the post of organist of Brighton Church. He returned to England for the sake of advancing the professional interests of his young family but was again compelled to emigrate, and once more chose Victoria as his home. On his arrival here he gave seven concerts, which met with a liberal share of public patronage, and was, to the gratification of his friends, reinstated in his old situation. He was to have commenced his duties on the very day on which his career was terminated by the hand of death. On Thursday last the deceased gentleman was suddenly seized with a coughing fit while in the railway, and broke a blood-vessel. The accident terminated in his death. He has left a widow and seven children to deplore his loss.

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (9 April 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (11 April 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 April 1861), 8

[News], The Argus (20 April 1861), 5

"THE LATE MR. W. B. WRAY", Victorian Review: A Journal of the Volunteer Forces & Civil Service ... (20 April 1861), 248

The Philharmonic Society have, in the most generous manner, volunteered their services in aid of the widow and family of the late Mr. W. B. Wray, organist of Brighton. The deceased gentleman, it will be remembered, was proceeding in the train to his residence at Brighton, - the next day to be reinstated to his office as organist, - when he was seized with a fit of coughing, broke a blood-vessel, and died shortly afterwards. Mr. Wray, who was an organist of the most refined order, and had presided for many years at the fine instrument possessed by the Blind Asylum, at Liverpool, was born at Alfreston, in Derbyshire. The ravages of consumption induced him, however, to abandon his oflice for professional duties at Torquay, the climate of which place he trusted might ameliorate his sufferings. He subsequently visited Victoria with the same object in view, and his services were speedily secured for the organ at Brighton. On his return from England, whither business had called him, he brought with him his wife and family, - the latter having in the mother country achieved some unusual repute, under the title of the "Little Nightingales." The sudden but scarcely unexpected death of this respected gentleman, has thus thrown his widow and children on the world, entirely without the means of subsistence, for, as is well known, the chief success of the "Nightingales" was owing to their parents' careful training and supervision. The offer of the Philharmonic Society is appropriate and graceful, nor must we omit to state that professionals as well as amateurs have volunteered gratuitous services. We trust the public will honor the donors and themselves by a large attendance. The concert will consist of a representation of Haydn's brilliant oratorio "The Creation," and be held on Tuesday evening next, at the Exhibition Building.

"DEATH OF MR. WRAY", Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald (29 June 1861), 3

[News], The Argus (18 October 1861), 5

[News], The Argus (15 November 1861), 4

The Nightingales' concern at the National Hall Collingwood, on Wednesday evening, was well attended, the room being filled in all parts. The children sang with unusual spirit, many of the songs and choruses being encored. Of the first, we would make particular mention of "Jamie o' the banks o' Dee," by Miss Wray, composed for that young lady by the late Mr. Wray; and "The Lucky Star," a new song, sang, for the first time in Melbourne, by Miss Mary Wray. The violin solo, by Master Wray, was excellent. The Wrays were assisted by some ladies and gentlemen amateurs, belonging to the Orpheus Society, who delighted the audience with their skilful sung part songs, as well as by some admirably performed solos by Miss Mortley and Mr. Beaumont. Mr. M'Grath presided at the pianoforte in a very efficient manner.

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 November 1862), 2

WREDE, Robert William

Music and musical instrument importer, speculator, piano tuner

Born ?, 1817
Arrived Sydney, NSW, February 1838 (per Upton Castle, from Plymouth, 16 October 1837)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 19 October 1857, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Robert Wrede, among many other speculative imports (including wines and building materials), brought in a stock of music and instruments in February 1838, evidently on behalf of his father, Herman Wrede, a piano and wind instrument maker of London. In a letter to his father (Sydney, 24 March 1838, ed. Halfpenny 1967), Robert wrote:

I have disposed of all my small Musical Instruments and Music to Ellard at invoice price with the exception of Music paper for which I charged him 5o/- per Ream, but I will give you particulars. I first sent him the goods he ordered in his last letter, amounting to £87. 1 .6 according to list of prices sent through Dettmer: of this he will pay me the balance of the £50 in ready money. I next sent him the residue of Instruments in his first order amounting to £101.13.0 also according to Dettmer's prices, this to be paid before I leave the Colony; lastly I have sold him the whole of my Musical Instruments, Piano Fortes and Seraphines excepted amounting to £391.15.3 invoice price, and Music amounting to £110.12.7 at 1/2 price, to be paid in 2 bills of 6 and 12 months. I hope you will not think I have been too hasty in the matter. I can assure you I have done my best-the fact is that Ellard is the only man in the Colony who is able to take such a large invoice, he having the whole of the Music business in his own hands-as for dividing it, the most saleable articles would have been withdrawn and the rest left on my hands . . . I think I may consider the best square Piano Forte as sold for £75 but nothing is sure till you have the money in your hands . . . Every day in the Colony discloses to me fresh means of making money, of which I hope hereafter to benefit. Oh! that I had £5,000 placed now at my disposal, I would pledge myself to double it in 2 years, and that in the easiest manner possible . . . This is now Saturday the 31 March, on Monday next I shall go into the interior for 1o days or so, and hope on my return . . . I shall be able to tell of sales of Piano Fortes, as several of them are at present under consideration, they do not go off as quickly as I expected.

At least one Herman Wrede instrument sold by Francis Ellard survives at the the Powerhouse Museum Wrede pianos were freqently advertised in the Australian press, usually for resale, during the 1830s and 1840s. Robert again imported musical instruments into Melbourne in 1847.


[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (10 February 1837), 3

"Ship News", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 February 1838), 2

"IMPORTS", The Melbourne Argus (12 November 1847), 2

"DIED", The Argus (21 December 1857), 4


Flute, Hermann Wrede

Flute, Hermann Wrede

Other sources:

Papers of Robert Wrede and John Hodgson (1840-57), at Sl-VIC

Bibliography and resources:

Halfpenny 1967

Nicholls 2012 (PREVIEW)


Instrumentalist (theatrical orchestra), bassoonist

Active Sydney, NSW, from 1845 (? to 1863)


"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1845), 2

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (24 March 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1850), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3

[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1863), 1


Teacher of the violin

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1859


[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1859), 8

WYATT, Dr. (William)

Amateur flautist, vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1840s
Died Kurralta, SA, 10 June 1886, aged 81


"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian (1 July 1842), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (7 November 1843), 3

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 November 1843), 3

 "ADELAIDE. FRIDAY', The Argus (12 June 1886), 11

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (15 June 1886), 4



Judge, amateur musician

Born 11 May 1871
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 5 October 1816 (passenger on the Elizabeth)
Departed Sydney, NSW, February 1825
Died South Africa, 13 December 1859 (NLA persistent identifier)

Summary (ADB):

On 5 October 1816 he arrived in Sydney in the Elizabeth, accompanied by his wife, six children ... Widely read and familiar with the classics as might be expected, he also had a love of music. He imported a piano into New South Wales and among his prize possessions was a choice century-old cello and a treasured flute. He sailed for England in February 1825, leaving behind three children with his wife who was about to give birth to her last infant, and having already requested 'a higher official Station' in the colonial department.



Active Sydney, NSW, 1860



There was a large choir of ladies and gentlemen, who, under the direction of Mr. Wylie, precentor of the church, performed several sacred pieces.

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