Dr Betty Chaar

BPharm, Master of Health Law (MHL), PhD
Senior Lecturer

A15 - Pharmacy And Bank Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9036 7101
Fax +61 2 9036 7097

Curriculum vitae Curriculum vitae

Biographical details

Dr Betty Chaar is a pharmacist and lecturer in professionalism in pharmacy. She holds a master’s degree in Health Law and her PhD is about developing moral reasoning capabilities and ethical decision-making in pharmacy practice. Betty has working in the field of pharmacy for many years, with experience in community pharmacy ownership, hospital pharmacy, pharmaceutical industry, academia and research.

Dr Chaar is an active member on a number of Human Research Ethics committees. She is immediate past President of the Australian Association for Professional and Applied Ethics [AAPAE]; member of the Australian Pharmacy Council [APC] Examining Committee; serves on the Peer Review committee of the Pharmacy Board [AHPRA]; and a member of the Executive Committee of the Social and Administrative Pharmacy Section of the International Pharmaceutical Federation [FIP].

In July 2012, Betty co-chaired the Global Working Group on Pharmacy Ethics and Autonomy for FIP in The Hague, and continues this ongoing work. Betty also works with NSW Health on Opioid Substitution Treatment services in pharmacy. She currently conducts research on a number of practice-based projects, such as health literacy, weight management, hospital pharmacy, direct-to-consumer advertising and the needs of patients from various ethnic backgrounds.

Research interests

Ethics in Pharmacy: explores all aspects of professional ethics in practice, including ethical decision-making, dilemmas in practice and codes of ethics.

Hospital Pharmacy: explores the role of the Basel Statements [FIP, 2008] in the conduct of hospital pharmacy around the world. Our research group has established TheWorld Hospital Pharmacy Research Consortium (WHoPReC)to research the impact and uptake of these statements around the globe. Another study is investigating the collaborative roles of ward pharmacists and nurses in hospital pharmacy.

Opioid Substitution Treatment [OST] services in pharmacy: this research explores reasons for lack of uptake of OST services in community pharmacy in Australia. There is a well-documented ‘unmet need’ for more services to be provided, and an opportunity for pharmacists to expand services provision.

Health Literacy in Pharmacy: this project has attracted funding from the Guild Government grant program, and explores the role of pharmacists and pharmacy assistants in promoting health literacy in ethnic communities.

Impairment in Pharmacy: this study explores various aspects of impairment of pharmacists, support services available and the impact of mandatory reporting.

Weight Management Services in Pharmacy: this research is testing the feasibility of introducing a non-product centred service to assist consumers’ weight management.

Teaching and supervision

Irene Um - PhD candidate

Weight Management in Pharmacy

Annim Mohamed – PhD candidate

Health Literacy in Pharmacy

Robert Bryant – PhD candidate

Models of Ward Pharmacy Services in Australian hospitals

Jonathan Penm – PhD candidate [co-supervision]

The Basel Statements and Hospital Pharmacy in the Western Pacific Region

Duncan Pickup – MPhil candidate

Feasibility of induction in OST service provision in community pharmacy

Mary-Anne Eskaroos – MPhil candidate

Impairment and the role of PSS in pharmacy

Visiting scholar from Denmark: Astrid Køhl – Master candidate

Drug shortages around the world

Keywords

Pharmacy ethics; professional impairment, DTCA; Obesity & overweight; Substance abuse and addiction; Biomedical ethics; Diabetes

Selected grants

2013

  • Health literacy; Chaar B; Pharmacy Guild of Australia/Investigator Initiated Grants (IIG).

2012

  • Hospital Pharmacists' influence in prescribing in China; Chaar B, Penm J, Moles R; Chinese Studies Centre/Small Grants Research Support.
  • The Basel Statements for the Future of Hospital Pharmacy. Initiating The World Hospital Pharmacy Research Consortium (WHoPReC).; Moles R, Chaar B, Penm J, Jian D, MacKinnon N, Gray A, Vermeulen L, Ginsburg D; DVC International/IPDF Grant.

2011

  • Factors influencing pharmacy services in opiod substitution programs; Day C, Chaar B, Fois R, Hanrahan J; Health Administration Corporation/Research Support.
  • 23rd Federation of Asians Pharmaceutical Associations (FAPA) Congress: GIA to present paper; Chaar B, Moles R, Penm J; Society of Hospital Pharmacists of Australia/Research and Development Grants Program.

2010

  • Assessing hospital pharmacy practice in the Western Pacific region; Penm J, Moles R, Chaar B; International Pharmaceutical Federation (Netherlands)/Research Support.

2006

  • Quality Indicators for Best Practice Approaches to Experiential Placements in Pharmacy programs.; Hotham L, Davey A, McLachlan A, Brien J, Chaar B, March G, McAteer S, Stupans I; Carrick Institute of Teaching and Learning/Discipline Initiative Grant.

2005

  • Professional ethics in Pharmacy.; Brien J, Chaar B, Krass I; Pharmacy Board of NSW/Education and Research Grant.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R. (2013). Investment Opportunities in Australia's Healthcare Stock Markets After the Recent Global Financial Crisis. In Carsten S. Wehn, Christian Hoppe, Greg N. Gregoriou (Eds.), Rethinking Valuation and Pricing Models: Lessons Learned from the Crisis and Future Challenges, (pp. 585-598). Oxford: Academic Press Elsevier.
  • Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R., Penm, J. (2013). Predicting ASX Health Care Stock Index Movements After the Recent Financial Crisis Using Patterned Neural Networks. In Carsten S. Wehn, Christian Hoppe, Greg N. Gregoriou (Eds.), Rethinking Valuation and Pricing Models: Lessons Learned from the Crisis and Future Challenges, (pp. 599-610). Oxford: Academic Press Elsevier.
  • Armour, C., Chaar, B., Murray, M., Ambler, G., Krass, I. (2012). Current therapies and pharmacy programs for obesity and diabetes. In Louise A. Baur, Stephen M. Twigg, Roger S.Magnusson (Eds.), A Modern Epidemic: Expert Perspectives on Obesity and Diabetes, (pp. 315-338). Sydney, Australia: Sydney University Press.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Pharmacy ethics. In P. Bowden (Eds.), Applied Ethics: Strengthening Ethical Practices, (pp. 127-137). Prahran, Vic: Tilde University Press.

Journals

  • Chaar, B. (2013). Berating Bridget is not the answer. Australian Pharmacist, 32(3), 72.
  • Kamarudin, G., Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R. (2013). Educational interventions to improve prescribing competency: a systematic review. BMJ Open, 3(8), 1-19. [More Information]
  • Chaar, B., Wang, H., Day, C., Hanrahan, J., Winstock, A., Fois, R. (2013). Factors influencing pharmacy services in opioid substitution treatment. Drug and Alcohol Review, 32(4), 426-434. [More Information]
  • Penm, J., Chaar, B., Dechun, J., Moles, R. (2013). Formulary systems and pharmacy and therapeutics committees in the Western Pacific Region: Exploring two Basel Statements. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 70(11), 967-979. [More Information]
  • El-Samman, F., Chaar, B., McLachlan, A., Aslani, P. (2013). Medicines and disease information needs of older Arabic-speaking Australians. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 32(1), 28-33. [More Information]
  • Kamarudin, G., Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R. (2013). Preparing hospital pharmacists to prescribe: stakeholders' views of postgraduate courses. The International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 21(4), 243-251. [More Information]
  • Saqf el Hait, S., Basheti, I., McLachlan, A., Overland, J., Chaar, B. (2013). The role of pharmacists in the management of Arabic-speaking people with diabetes mellitus: A systematic review. Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, 4(4), 239-248. [More Information]
  • Um, I., Armour, C., Krass, I., Gill, T., Chaar, B. (2013). Weight management in community pharmacy: what do the experts think? International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 35(3), 447-454. [More Information]
  • Chaar, B. (2012). A new Code Of Ethics for pharmacists. Australian Pharmacist, 31(2), 127-131.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Between a rock and a hard place - Andrew's predicament. Australian Pharmacist, 31(9), 746-747.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Between a rock and a hard place – Andrew's predicament. Australian Pharmacist, 31, 746-747.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Charles and the Fraudulent Boss. Australian Pharmacist, 31(11), 907-907.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Daniel's dilemma (Part 2): The complexities of providing OST. Australian Pharmacist, 31(7), 579-580.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Daniels dilemma (part 1)- Professional autonomy. Australian Pharmacist, 31(5), 408-410.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Ethics in day-to-day pharmacy practice. Australian Pharmacist, 31(3), 191-192.
  • Mohammad, A., Hanrahan, J., Sainsbury, E., Chaar, B. (2012). Fitness to practise in pharmacy: a study of impairment in professional practice. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 34(2), 330-341. [More Information]
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Moral Reasoning in Healthcare Professions. Physical Therapy Reviews, 17, 202-203.
  • Chaar, B., Lee, J. (2012). Role of Socioeconomic Status on Consumers' Attitudes Towards DTCA of Prescription Medicines in Australia. Journal of Business Ethics, 105(4), 447-460. [More Information]
  • Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R. (2012). Validating a Hospital Medicines Formulary Survey in the Western Pacific Region-A global hospital pharmacy initiative based on the Basel Statements. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 8(4), 298-308. [More Information]
  • Gu, P., Williams, K., Aslani, P., Chaar, B. (2011). Direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription medicines on the internet: An Australian consumer perspective. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 41(3), 196-202.
  • Queddeng, K., Chaar, B., Williams, K. (2011). Emergency Contraception in Australian Community Pharmacies: A Simulated Patient Study. Contraception, 83(2), 176-182. [More Information]
  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Hanrahan, J., McLachlan, A., Penm, J., Pont, L. (2011). Experimental Education in Australian Pharmacy: Preceptors' Perspectives. Pharmacy Education, 11(1), 166-171.
  • Chaar, B., Hanrahan, J., Day, C. (2011). Provision of Opioid Substitution Therapy Services in Australian Pharmacies. The Australasian Medical Journal, 4(4), 210-216. [More Information]
  • Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R. (2010). Developing a validated survey to assess the Basel Statements. International Pharmacy Journal, 26(2), 34-37.
  • Chaar, B., Kwong, K. (2010). Direct-to-consumer advertising: Australian pharmacists' experiences with non-prescription medicines. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 18(1), 43-50. [More Information]
  • Um, I., Armour, C., Krass, I., Gill, T., Chaar, B. (2010). Managing obesity in pharmacy: the Australian experience. Pharmacy World and Science, , 1-10. [More Information]
  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Krass, I. (2009). Professional ethics in pharmacy practice: developing a psychometric measure of moral reasoning. Pharmacy World and Science, 31(4), 439-449. [More Information]
  • Penm, J., Chaar, B. (2009). Professional Transgressions by Australian Pharmacists. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 39(3), 192-197.
  • Chaar, B. (2009). The prevalence and management of gestational diabetes. Australian Journal of Pharmacy, 90(1), 68-70.
  • Chaar, B., Penm, J. (2008). Misconduct: the pitfall of pharmacy practice. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 16(3 (Supplement 2)), B17 (Ethics: Professional, Practice and Research)-B18.
  • Chaar, B. (2006). Decisions, decisions: ethical dilemmas in practic (or how to pass the 'Red Face Test'). Australian Pharmacist, 25(6), 444-449.
  • Chaar, B. (2006). Professional Code of Ethics (editorial). Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 36(1), 7-9.
  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Krass, I. (2005). Professional ethics in pharmacy: the Australian experience. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 13, 195-204.
  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Krass, I. (2003). Professional ethics in pharmacy. Australian Journal of Pharmacy, 84, 856-859.

Conferences

  • Aslani, P., El Samman, F., McLachlan, A., Chaar, B. (2008). Medicine information needs of older Arabic-speaking Australians. National Medicines Symposium 2008, Canberra: Pharmaceutical Health and Rational Use of Medicines Committee.
  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Krass, I. (2006). Developing an instrument for measuring moral reasoning and professional ethics in pharmacy.
  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Krass, I. (2006). The role of moral reasoning in the processes of decision making and professional ethics in the Quality Use of Medicines (QUM) and pharmacy. National Medicines Symposium 2006, Canberra: Pharmaceutical Health and Rational Use of Medicines Committee.

2013

  • Chaar, B. (2013). Berating Bridget is not the answer. Australian Pharmacist, 32(3), 72.
  • Kamarudin, G., Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R. (2013). Educational interventions to improve prescribing competency: a systematic review. BMJ Open, 3(8), 1-19. [More Information]
  • Chaar, B., Wang, H., Day, C., Hanrahan, J., Winstock, A., Fois, R. (2013). Factors influencing pharmacy services in opioid substitution treatment. Drug and Alcohol Review, 32(4), 426-434. [More Information]
  • Penm, J., Chaar, B., Dechun, J., Moles, R. (2013). Formulary systems and pharmacy and therapeutics committees in the Western Pacific Region: Exploring two Basel Statements. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 70(11), 967-979. [More Information]
  • Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R. (2013). Investment Opportunities in Australia's Healthcare Stock Markets After the Recent Global Financial Crisis. In Carsten S. Wehn, Christian Hoppe, Greg N. Gregoriou (Eds.), Rethinking Valuation and Pricing Models: Lessons Learned from the Crisis and Future Challenges, (pp. 585-598). Oxford: Academic Press Elsevier.
  • El-Samman, F., Chaar, B., McLachlan, A., Aslani, P. (2013). Medicines and disease information needs of older Arabic-speaking Australians. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 32(1), 28-33. [More Information]
  • Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R., Penm, J. (2013). Predicting ASX Health Care Stock Index Movements After the Recent Financial Crisis Using Patterned Neural Networks. In Carsten S. Wehn, Christian Hoppe, Greg N. Gregoriou (Eds.), Rethinking Valuation and Pricing Models: Lessons Learned from the Crisis and Future Challenges, (pp. 599-610). Oxford: Academic Press Elsevier.
  • Kamarudin, G., Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R. (2013). Preparing hospital pharmacists to prescribe: stakeholders' views of postgraduate courses. The International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 21(4), 243-251. [More Information]
  • Saqf el Hait, S., Basheti, I., McLachlan, A., Overland, J., Chaar, B. (2013). The role of pharmacists in the management of Arabic-speaking people with diabetes mellitus: A systematic review. Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, 4(4), 239-248. [More Information]
  • Um, I., Armour, C., Krass, I., Gill, T., Chaar, B. (2013). Weight management in community pharmacy: what do the experts think? International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 35(3), 447-454. [More Information]

2012

  • Chaar, B. (2012). A new Code Of Ethics for pharmacists. Australian Pharmacist, 31(2), 127-131.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Between a rock and a hard place - Andrew's predicament. Australian Pharmacist, 31(9), 746-747.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Between a rock and a hard place – Andrew's predicament. Australian Pharmacist, 31, 746-747.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Charles and the Fraudulent Boss. Australian Pharmacist, 31(11), 907-907.
  • Armour, C., Chaar, B., Murray, M., Ambler, G., Krass, I. (2012). Current therapies and pharmacy programs for obesity and diabetes. In Louise A. Baur, Stephen M. Twigg, Roger S.Magnusson (Eds.), A Modern Epidemic: Expert Perspectives on Obesity and Diabetes, (pp. 315-338). Sydney, Australia: Sydney University Press.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Daniel's dilemma (Part 2): The complexities of providing OST. Australian Pharmacist, 31(7), 579-580.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Daniels dilemma (part 1)- Professional autonomy. Australian Pharmacist, 31(5), 408-410.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Ethics in day-to-day pharmacy practice. Australian Pharmacist, 31(3), 191-192.
  • Mohammad, A., Hanrahan, J., Sainsbury, E., Chaar, B. (2012). Fitness to practise in pharmacy: a study of impairment in professional practice. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 34(2), 330-341. [More Information]
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Moral Reasoning in Healthcare Professions. Physical Therapy Reviews, 17, 202-203.
  • Chaar, B. (2012). Pharmacy ethics. In P. Bowden (Eds.), Applied Ethics: Strengthening Ethical Practices, (pp. 127-137). Prahran, Vic: Tilde University Press.
  • Chaar, B., Lee, J. (2012). Role of Socioeconomic Status on Consumers' Attitudes Towards DTCA of Prescription Medicines in Australia. Journal of Business Ethics, 105(4), 447-460. [More Information]
  • Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R. (2012). Validating a Hospital Medicines Formulary Survey in the Western Pacific Region-A global hospital pharmacy initiative based on the Basel Statements. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 8(4), 298-308. [More Information]

2011

  • Gu, P., Williams, K., Aslani, P., Chaar, B. (2011). Direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription medicines on the internet: An Australian consumer perspective. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 41(3), 196-202.
  • Queddeng, K., Chaar, B., Williams, K. (2011). Emergency Contraception in Australian Community Pharmacies: A Simulated Patient Study. Contraception, 83(2), 176-182. [More Information]
  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Hanrahan, J., McLachlan, A., Penm, J., Pont, L. (2011). Experimental Education in Australian Pharmacy: Preceptors' Perspectives. Pharmacy Education, 11(1), 166-171.
  • Chaar, B., Hanrahan, J., Day, C. (2011). Provision of Opioid Substitution Therapy Services in Australian Pharmacies. The Australasian Medical Journal, 4(4), 210-216. [More Information]

2010

  • Penm, J., Chaar, B., Moles, R. (2010). Developing a validated survey to assess the Basel Statements. International Pharmacy Journal, 26(2), 34-37.
  • Chaar, B., Kwong, K. (2010). Direct-to-consumer advertising: Australian pharmacists' experiences with non-prescription medicines. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 18(1), 43-50. [More Information]
  • Um, I., Armour, C., Krass, I., Gill, T., Chaar, B. (2010). Managing obesity in pharmacy: the Australian experience. Pharmacy World and Science, , 1-10. [More Information]

2009

  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Krass, I. (2009). Professional ethics in pharmacy practice: developing a psychometric measure of moral reasoning. Pharmacy World and Science, 31(4), 439-449. [More Information]
  • Penm, J., Chaar, B. (2009). Professional Transgressions by Australian Pharmacists. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 39(3), 192-197.
  • Chaar, B. (2009). The prevalence and management of gestational diabetes. Australian Journal of Pharmacy, 90(1), 68-70.

2008

  • Aslani, P., El Samman, F., McLachlan, A., Chaar, B. (2008). Medicine information needs of older Arabic-speaking Australians. National Medicines Symposium 2008, Canberra: Pharmaceutical Health and Rational Use of Medicines Committee.
  • Chaar, B., Penm, J. (2008). Misconduct: the pitfall of pharmacy practice. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 16(3 (Supplement 2)), B17 (Ethics: Professional, Practice and Research)-B18.

2006

  • Chaar, B. (2006). Decisions, decisions: ethical dilemmas in practic (or how to pass the 'Red Face Test'). Australian Pharmacist, 25(6), 444-449.
  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Krass, I. (2006). Developing an instrument for measuring moral reasoning and professional ethics in pharmacy.
  • Chaar, B. (2006). Professional Code of Ethics (editorial). Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 36(1), 7-9.
  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Krass, I. (2006). The role of moral reasoning in the processes of decision making and professional ethics in the Quality Use of Medicines (QUM) and pharmacy. National Medicines Symposium 2006, Canberra: Pharmaceutical Health and Rational Use of Medicines Committee.

2005

  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Krass, I. (2005). Professional ethics in pharmacy: the Australian experience. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 13, 195-204.

2003

  • Chaar, B., Brien, J., Krass, I. (2003). Professional ethics in pharmacy. Australian Journal of Pharmacy, 84, 856-859.

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