What is research data?

Research data means data in the form of facts, observations, images, computer program results, recordings, measurements or experiences on which an argument, theory, test or hypothesis, or another research output is based. Data may be numerical, descriptive, visual or tactile. It may be raw, cleaned or processed, and may be held in any format or media.

What does research data look like?

  • Documents, spreadsheets and presentations
  • Laboratory notebooks
  • Field notebooks, diaries
  • Questionnaires, surveys, transcripts
  • Audio and video tapes
  • Photographs and films
  • Test responses or results
  • Slides, artefacts, specimens, samples
  • Collection of digital objects acquired and generated during the process of research
  • Databases
  • Models, algorithms, scripts
  • Contents of an application (input, output, schemas)
  • Methodologies and workflows