Successful ARC Linkage Projects 2014

Project: Australian Holocaust Memory, Human Rights and the Contemporary Museum

Alba, Dr Avril A; Barrett, A/Prof Jennifer G; Moses, Prof A. D; Sugarman, Mrs Roslyn

This project aims to explore and extend scholarly understandings of the public impact of Holocaust history and memory in the Australian context. As the ‘generation of witness’ comes to its natural end, the project intends to investigate new ways to harness this memory and link it to influential national and international debates pertaining to Holocaust and Human Rights museums. In partnership with the Sydney Jewish Museum (SJM), the project aims to critically evaluate and realign the SJM’s rich repository of material culture as it relates to these overarching themes. This research intends to result in scholarly publications and establish the conceptual foundations for a Human Rights and the Holocaust Centre.
Partner(s):Sydney Jewish Musuem

Project:Re-integrating Central Australian community cultural collections

Barwick, Prof Linda M; Turpin, Dr Myfany M; Nordlinger, A/Prof Rachel; Connelly, Mr Brian K

This project aims to apply current research on archiving and community access to find practical solutions to managing the large amounts of recorded cultural material of interest to the Central Land Council, the peak Indigenous representative body covering the southern half of the Northern Territory. The project aims to identify and integrate information in a common database, work with community members to create a prioritised list of any at-risk materials and apply locally meaningful categories for managing the archival materials relevant to their community, and deliver appropriate documentation of process, permissions and reports to support ongoing sustainability of the collections.
Partner(s):Central Land Council

Project:Mitigating ecosystem impacts by improving the way we breed and manage devils.

Belov, Prof Katherine; Grueber, Dr Catherine E; Hogg, Dr Carolyn J; Papenfuss, Dr Anthony T; Barrs, A/Prof Vanessa R; Pemberton, Dr David; Peck, Ms Sarah J

The Tasmanian ecosystem faces irreversible change due to the decline of the apex predator. An insurance population of Tasmanian devils has been established to prevent extinction of the species. Using the latest sequencing technologies the project aims to determine whether the Tasmanian ecosystem can be restored with Tasmanian devils that are more resilient to a changing environment by improving the way that devils are bred and managed in captivity.
Partner(s):Zoo and Aquarium Association , Department of Primary Industries Parks Water and Environment

Project:Rehabilitating a changing landscape: using the latest advances in koala ecology to direct adaptive Management

Crowther, Dr Mathew S; Lunney, Dr Daniel H; Moore, Dr Benjamin D; McArthur, A/Prof Clare; Krockenberger, A/Prof Mark B; McAlpine, A/Prof Clive A; Wilson, A/Prof Brian R; Howes, Mr Mark

The koala has been identified as one of the world's flagship species suffering from environmental change. In contrast to the decline of koalas in New South Wales generally, the eucalypts planted in Gunnedah to combat salinity led to an increase in koalas. However, the startlingly high death rate of Gunnedah koalas (25 per cent of the population) in the heatwave during the drought in 2009 must be understood. There are also new threats brought about by intensive land modification. This project aims to determine the effects of environmental change on the koala population through a study of landscape ecology, leaf chemistry, disease epidemiology and koala movements. This aims to lead to better management decisions for arboreal fauna.

Partner(s):NSW Office of Environment and Heritage, Shenhua Watermark Coal Pty Ltd

Project:Sharing News Online

Dwyer, Dr Timothy J; Curran, A/Prof James R; Martin, Dr Fiona R; Bednarek, Dr Monika A; Hunter, Mr Andrew; Crawford, Mr Hal

The sharing of news via social media services is now a significant part of mainstream online media use and is an increasingly important consideration in journalism practice and production. This multidisciplinary project aims to be the first in Australia to analyse the scale, scope, forms and implications of online news-sharing on Facebook and Twitter. Using methods from computing science, linguistics and audience research this study aims to develop an analytical framework for monitoring, classifying and interpreting news-sharing practices that can inform media industry development, journalism education and digital media policy.
:Mi9, Share Wars Pty Ltd

Project:Omni-modality medical image analysis and visualisation

Feng, Prof Dagan; Kim, Dr Jinman; Fulham, Prof Michael J; Eberl, A/Prof Stefan

The term ‘Omni’-modality imaging (OMI) has been coined to describe the integration of multiple, complementary medical imaging modalities. However, there is currently a lack of an appropriate means to assimilate and derive maximum benefit from these integrated data. This project aims to provide a new approach to OMI data analysis and visualisation, by deriving a novel ‘level of relevance’ from the overlapping anatomical and pathological structures in the data which will be used to suppress superfluous data and highlight the most relevant data to maximise the information gained from the OMI data. Further, OMI visualisation is proposed to efficiently navigate through the overlapping data.
Partner(s): Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

Project:Controlling density, viscosity and crystallisation in emulsion explosives to enhance safety and efficiency of blasting operations

Hawkett, A/Prof Brian S; Warr, Prof Gregory G; Gore, Dr Jeffrey

The performance of emulsion explosives used throughout the mining industry can be severely compromised by the effects of shear arising from pumping and detonation shock waves. Understanding how shear affects droplet coalescence and crystallisation is critical in differential energy blasting, where emulsion density and composition vary widely along the bore hole. This project aims to contribute to the understanding of the effects of shear, and develop new methods and additives to stabilise droplets and bubbles over a wide range of compositions and conditions. The goal of this project is to improve the efficiency and safety of rock-blasting operations, reduce environmental impact, and reduce operating costs, giving the Australian mining industry a competitive edge.

Partner(s):Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Ltd

Project:Key Functional Additives in Paint Technology

Hawkett, A/Prof Brian S; Neto, Dr Chiara; Such, Mr Chris H

The goal of this project is to create two novel advanced particle systems with complex architecture that can be manufactured on a large scale, which aim to lead to high-performance waterborne paints. It is intended that these paints will have three functional characteristics: provide more efficient use of titanium dioxide; display pronounced water- resistance; and contribute to removing the need for organic solvents from the gloss paint sector. This research aims to provide the means to create paint films with greatly improved properties at reduced cost, with reduced requirement for non-renewable resources and reduced environmental footprint.
Partner(s):DuluxGroup Australia Pty Ltd

Project:Who You Know or Where You Go? The Role of Formal and Informal Networks in Finding Employment and Maintaining Wellbeing

Ramia, A/Prof Gaby G; Marston, Prof Greg J; Patulny, Dr Roger V; Ward, Ms Louise A

Recent empirical studies have demonstrated that informal social networks improve well-being and labour market outcomes for the unemployed in Europe. However, no comparable Australian study has been conducted and there is little research on the role of the 'formal' networks represented by employment services programs in Australia or overseas. This project aims to explore unemployed people's formal and informal networks and the impact of those networks on employment status and wellbeing. This project aims to inform unemployment policy design and service delivery by providing a greater understanding of the role that social networks play in finding jobs and surviving unemployment.
Partner(s):Job Futures Ltd

Project:Integrated multilayered floor systems for high-performance buildings

Ranzi, A/Prof Gianluca; Rasmussen, Prof Kim J; Dias-da-Costa, Dr Daniel; Clayton, Mr Trevor G; Szalla, Mr John A

This project aims to develop new integrated multilayered floor systems that is expected to increase the structural performance of inter-storey floors, minimise construction time and integrate the installation of services and structural components. This development will build on current construction techniques commonly available in Australia, such as composite steel-concrete systems, thin-metal products and prestressing techniques, and will combine their use in innovative arrangements which integrate services. A holistic theoretical framework intends to be established to develop and identify floor systems that maximise the structural efficiency while minimising the use of construction materials.
Partner(s):Blue Scope Steel Limited

Project:Cold-rolled Aluminium Structural Members and Systems

Rasmussen, Prof Kim J; Pham, Dr Cao Hung; Filonov, Mr Alexander; Sharma, Mr Sandeep

BlueScope Permalite has recently demonstrated that it is possible to produce aluminium structural sections by roll- forming. This presents a faster and less energy consuming method of production than conventional extrusion. Through experiments and numerical simulations, the project aims to develop guidelines for the design of single members and complete structural systems in cold-rolled aluminium. The project intends to quantify the strength enhancements achievable by the cold-rolling process and devise guidelines for determining the strength of cold-rolled aluminium sections and systems, considering the prevalent buckling modes for C- and Z-sections, their interactions and the effect of gradual yielding.
Partner(s):Permalite Aluminium Roofing Solutions

Project:One for all and all for one: Engineering a drug delivery platform for DNA vaccines to the lung

Traini, A/Prof Daniela; Young, A/Prof Paul M; Windhab, Dr Norbert

Vaccination using next generation DNA plasmids is hindered by the lack of a suitable delivery technology. This project aims to develop a low-cost vaccination platform that can deliver any DNA vaccine via inhalation. High efficiency dry powder particles that contain a novel synthetic cell penetration enhancer and incorporate the drug delivery vehicle in a disposable inhalation device will be engineered. The project aims to help develop a fundamental understanding of the properties that govern interactions in these systems, and a number of in vitro tools that can be used by the wider scientific community. Ultimately, a single platform that can be used for the vaccination of any disease will be created.
Partner(s):Evonik Industries AG

Proect: Dining with Dasyurids: Using Nutritional Geometry to Improve Diets for Captive Breeding Programs

Wilder, Dr Shawn M; Raubenheimer, Prof David; McAllan, Dr Bronwyn M; Simpson, Prof Stephen J; Spindler, Dr Rebecca E; Van Sluys, Dr Monique; Shaw, Ms Michelle

Captive breeding programs are an important part of conservation and reintroduction plans for endangered Northern quolls and Tasmanian devils. This project aims to initiate new collaboration between the Charles Perkins Centre and Taronga Conservation Society to improve diets for captive breeding of marsupial carnivores using the framework of nutritional geometry. Specifically, the project aims to: quantify the macronutrient (carbohydrate, lipid and protein) targets and regulatory behaviour of marsupial carnivores; test explanations for why animals are prone to excess weight gain in captivity; and quantify changes in nutrient targets with reproduction. These results aim to be applied by Taronga to improve captive-diets for marsupial carnivore breeding programs.
Funding: $284,500
Partner(s):Taronga Conservation Society

Project:Energy-Efficient Computing: Expanding the Role of Scheduling in Cloud Data Centres

Zomaya, Prof Albert Y; Tari, Prof Zahir; Lee, Dr Young Choon; Rajasekhar, Dr Sathish

Cloud data centres have become increasingly large-scale to meet ever increasing computing and storage capacity. The requirement of uninterrupted service availability has also contributed to such expansion. However, this relentless pursuit of high performance and high availability has led to serious resource over-provisioning and, in turn, low performance to energy consumption ratios. The impact of this poor resource management goes beyond the issue of cloud data centre efficiency, including excessive carbon footprint. This project aims to develop new energy-aware scheduling and resource allocation algorithms to provide energy-efficient solutions. These solutions exploit both workload and system diversity in cloud data centres.
Partner(s):Valents Group Pty Ltd

Project:Using 3D printing technology to develop architecturally-controlled synthetic bone substitutes

Zreiqat, A/Prof Hala; Li, A/Prof Qing; Hyvarinen, Dr Jari

With the ageing population, there is increasing demand for synthetic materials that can regenerate bone. However, purely synthetic bone-substitute biomaterials cannot regenerate large bone defects in weight-bearing conditions due to their fragility. This project aims to develop a customisable, biodegradable, biocompatible and mechanically strong and tough scaffold that overcomes this long-standing problem. The project aims to achieve this by applying an innovative combination of cutting-edge 3D printing technology, advanced computational modelling and design techniques to produce a next-generation bioceramic scaffold with optimised architecture. This approach aims also to enable the possibility of producing custom-made implants for individual requirements.
Partner(s): Advanced Surgical Design and Manufacture