Effects of urban structures and associated activities

Wooden jetty

A thriving coastal city needs massive infrastructure in terms of ports, seawalls, outfalls, etc. Building ports and airports, preventing coastal erosion by building sea-walls, creating recreational facilities such as marinas, swimming-pools and moorings for boats all create potential environmental problems. Among the most important are the loss and fragmentation of natural habitats and the creation of very different artificial habitats. The Centre's research on these issues has been at the forefront of national and international efforts to understand how artificial coastal habitats change ecological processes, functions and patterns.