Nathan Lo


Further information about these publications, including citation details, can be found at this link in Google Scholar.

PDF reprints of most of the publications below are available at this link

In press

Widespread convergence in toxin resistance by predictable molecular evolution
Ujvari B, Casewell NR, Sunagar K, Arbuckle K, Wüster W, Lo N, Conigrave AD, Mun HC, O'Meally D, Beckmann C, King GF, Deplazes E, & Madsen T (in press) PNAS.

Biogeographic calibrations for the molecular clock
Ho SYW, Tong KJ, Foster CSP, Ritchie AM, Lo N, & Crisp MD (in press) Biology Letters.

Inhibition of the endosymbiont "Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii" during 16S rRNA gene profiling reveals potential pathogens in Ixodes ticks from Australia
Gofton AW, Oskam CL, Lo N, Beninati T, Wei H, McCarl V, Murray DC, Paparini A, Greay TL, Holmes AJ, Bunce B, Ryan U, & Irwin P (in press) Parasites and Vectors.


Comment on "Phylogenomics resolves the timing and pattern of insect evolution"
Tong KJ, Duchene S, Ho SYW, & Lo N (2015) Science, 349: 487b.

The evolutionary history of termites as inferred from 66 mitochondrial genomes
Bourguignon T, Lo N, Cameron SL, Sobotnik J, Hayashi Y, Shigenobu S, Watanabe D, Roisin Y, Miura T & Evans TA (2015) Molecular Biology and Evolution, 32: 406-421.

The origins and radiation of Australian Coptotermes termites: From rainforest to desert dwellers
Lee TRC, Cameron SL, Evans TA, Ho SYW, & Lo N (2015) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 82: 234-244.

Are urban bandicoots solely to blame for tick concerns?
HW Lydecker, E Stanfield, N Lo, DF Hochuli, & PB Banks (2015) Australian Zoologist, 37: 288-293.


Metabolomic profiling of 13C-labelled cellulose digestion in a lower termite: insights into gut symbiont function
Tokuda G, Tsuboi Y, Kihara K, Saitou S, Moriya S, Lo N, Kikuchi J (2014)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 281: 20140990.

The impact of modelling rate heterogeneity among sites on phylogenetic estimates of intraspecific evolutionary rates and timescales
Jia F, Lo N, & Ho SYW (2014) PLoS ONE, 9: e95722.

Phylogeography and diversity of the terrestrial isopod Spherillo grossus (Oniscidea: Armadillidae) on the Australian East Coast
Lee TRC, Ho SYW, Wilson GDF, & Lo N (2014) Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 170: 297–309.

Presoldier differentiation of Australian termite species induced by juvenile hormone analogues
Maekawa K, Hayashi Y, Lee TRC, & Lo N (2014) Austral Entomology, 53, 138–143.


Construction and characterization of normalized cDNA libraries by 454 pyrosequencing and estimation of DNA methylation levels in three distantly related termite species
Hayashi Y, Shigenobu S, Watanabe D, Toga K, Saiki R, Shimada K, Bourguignon T, Lo N, Hojo M, Maekawa K, & Miura T (2013) PLoS ONE, 8: e76678.

"Candidatus Midichloriaceae" fam. nov. (Rickettsiales), an ecologically widespread clade of intracellular alphaproteobacteria
Montagna M, Sassera D, Epis S, Bazzocchi C, Vannini C, Lo N, Sacchi L, Fukatsu T, Petroni G, & Bandi C (2013) Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 79: 3241-3248.

Neotenic reproductives influence worker caste differentiation in the termite Reticulitermes speratus (Isoptera; Rhinotermitidae) Hayashi Y, Miyata H, Kitade O, Lo N (2013) Sociobiology, 60: 446-452.

Maintenance of essential amino acid synthesis pathways in the Blattabacterium symbiont of a wood-feeding cockroach
Tokuda G*, Elbourne LDH*, Kinjo Y* (*equal first authors), Saitoh S, Sabree Z, Hojo M, Yamada A, Hayashi Y, Shigenobu S, Bandi C, Paulsen IT, Watanabe H, & Lo N (2013) Biology Letters, 9: 20121153.

Cellulolytic protist numbers rise and fall dramatically in termite queens and kings during colony foundation
Shimada K, Lo N, Kitade O, Wakui A, & Maekawa K (2013) Eukaryotic Cell, 12: 545-550.

The insect molecular clock
Ho SYW, & Lo N (2013) Australian Journal of Entomology, 52: 100-105.

Identification of natural killer cell receptor genes in the genome of the marsupial Tasmanian devil Sarcophilus harrisii
Van der Kraan LE, Wong ESW, Lo N, Ujvari B, & Belov K (2013) Immunogenetics, 65: 25-35.


A mitochondrial genome phylogeny of termites (Blattodea: Termitoidae): robust support for interfamilial relationships and molecular synapomorphies define major clades
Cameron SL, Lo N, Bourguignon T, Svenson GJ, & Evans TA (2012) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 65: 163-173.

Evidence for Permo-Triassic colonization of the deep sea by isopods
Lins LSF, Ho SYW, Wilson GDF, & Lo N (2012) Biology Letters, 8: 979-982.

Kin conflict in insect societies: an epigenetic perspective
Drewell RA, Lo N, Oxley P, & Oldroyd BP (2012) Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 27: 367-373.

DNA methylation in the termite Coptotermes lacteus
Lo N, Li B, & Ujvari B (2012) Insectes Sociaux, 59: 257-261.

Genome shrinkage and loss of nutrient providing potential in the obligate symbiont of the primitive termite Mastotermes darwiniensis
Sabree S, Huang C, Arakawa G, Tokuda G, Lo N, Watanabe H, & Moran N (2012) Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 78: 204-210.


Evidence for widespread genomic methylation in the migratory locust Locusta migratoria (Orthoptera: Acrididae)
Robinson K, Estafani D, Lo N, Simpson SJ, & Sword GA (2011) PLoS ONE, 6: e28167.

Phylogenomic evidence for the presence of a flagellum and cbb3 oxidase in the free-living mitochondrial ancestor
Sassera D*, Lo N* (*equal first authors), Epis S, D'Auria G, Montagna M, Comandatore F, Horner D, Peretó J, Luciano AM, Franciosi F, Ferri E, Crotti E, Bazzocchi C, Daffonchio D, Sacchi L, Moya A, Latorre A, & Bandi C (2011) Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28: 3285-3296.

Insect polyphenisms
Simpson SJ, Sword GA, & Lo N (2011) Current Biology, 21: 738-749.

A microsatellite based test of the Reticulitermes speratus genetic caste determination model in Coptotermes lacteus
Ujvari B, King A, Kitade O, Evans TA, Li. J, & Lo N (2011) Insectes Sociaux, 58: 365-370.

New insights into the evolution of Wolbachia infections in filarial nematodes inferred from a large range of screened species
Ferri E, Bain O, Barbuto M, Martin C, Lo N, Uni S, Landmann F, Baccei SG, Guerrero R, de Souza Lima S, Bandi C, Wanji S, Diagne M, Casiraghi M (2011) PLoS ONE, 6, e20843.

Ants and termites increase crop yield in dry environments
Evans TA, Dawes TZ, Davis P, & Lo N (2011) Nature Communications, 2: 262.

Evidence for genetically influenced caste determination in phylogenetically diverse species of the termite genus Reticulitermes
Kitade O, Hoshi M, Odaira S, Asano A, Shimizu M, Hayashi Y, & Lo N (2011) Biology Letters, 7: 257-260.


Bignell et al. (2010)

Caste in social insects: genetic influences over caste determination
Lo N, Beekman M & Oldroyd BP (2010) In Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, eds Breed MD & Moore J. Oxford University Press. 1: 254-260.

Evolution and function of endogenous termite cellulases
Lo N, Tokuda G, & Watanabe H (2010) In Biology of Termites: A Modern Synthesis, eds Bignell DE, Roisin Y, & Lo N. Springer, Dordrecht. pp 51-68.

Termite phylogenetics and co-cladogenesis with symbionts
Lo N & Eggleton P (2010) In Biology of Termites: A Modern Synthesis, eds Bignell DE, Roisin Y, & Lo N. Springer, Dordrecht. pp 27-50.

Eleven di-nucleotide polymorphic microsatellite markers for the winter bronzing bug Thaumastocoris peregrinus Carpintero and Dellapé (Heteroptera: Thaumastocoridae)
Gray KA, Noack AE, Johnson RN, Eldridge MDB, Bess EC, Lo N, & Rose HA (2010) Molecular Ecology Resources, 10: 1106-1108.

Nature vs nurture in social insect caste determination
Schwander T, Lo N, Beekman M, Oldroyd BP, & Keller L (2010) Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 25: 275-282.


Lo et al. (2009)

A molecular phylogeny of the genus Apis suggests that the giant honey bees of the Philippines A. breviligula Maa and the Plain honey bee of India and Sri Lanka, A. indica Fabricius, are valid species
Lo N, Gloag RS, Anderson DS & Oldroyd BP (2009) Systematic Entomology 35: 226-233.

Absence of the symbiont Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii in the mitochondria of the Australian paralysis tick Ixodes holocyclus
Beninati T, Riegler M, Vilcins IE, McFadyen R, Sacchi L, Krockenberger M, Bandi C, O’Neill SL & Lo N (2009) FEMS Microbiology Letters, 299: 241-247.

Should environmental caste determination be assumed for termites?
Lo N, Hayashi Y, & Kitade O (2009) The American Naturalist, 173: 848-853.

Parasitism and mutualism in Wolbachia: what the phylogenomic trees can and can not say
Bordenstein SR, Paraskevopoulos C, Dunning Hotopp JC, Sapountzis P, Lo N, Bandi C, Tettelin H, Werren JH, & Bourtzis (2009) Molecular Biology and Evolution, 26: 231-241.


Genome size estimation of the cockroach endosymbiont Blattabacterium cuenoti (Bacteriodetes, Flavobacteria): A small genome typical of intracellular proteobacterial symbionts
Tokuda G, Lo N, Takase A, Yamada A, & Watanabe H (2008) BMC Research Notes, 1: 118.

Midichloria endosymbionts bloom after blood meal of the host, the hard tick Ixodes ricinus
Sassera D, Lo N, Bouman EAP, Epis S, Mortarino M, & Bandi C (2008) Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74: 6138-6140.

How useful are the wood-feeding cockroaches Cryptocercus and Perisphaeria boleiriana as models for termite evolution? (Insecta: Dictyoptera)
Klass KD, Nalepa CA, & Lo N (2008) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 46: 809-817.

Midichloria mitochondrii is widespread in hard ticks (Ixodidae) and resides in the mitochondria of phylogenetically diverse species
Epis S, Sassera D, Beninati T, Lo N, Beati L, Piesman J, Rinaldi L, McCoy KD, Torina A, Sacchi L, Clementi E, Genchi M, Magnino S, & Bandi C (2008) Parasitology, 135: 485-494.


Sex-linked genetic influence on caste determination in a termite
Hayashi Y, Lo N, Miyata H, & Kitade O (2007) Science, 318: 985-987.

Save Isoptera. A comment on Inward et al.
Lo N, Engel MS, Cameron S, Nalepa CA, Tokuda G, Grimaldi D, Kitade O, Krishna K, Klass KD, Maekawa K, Miura T, & Thompson GJ (2007) Biology Letters, 3: 562-563.

Does correlation of cellulase gene expression and cellulolytic activity in the gut of termite suggest synergistic collaboration of cellulases?
Tokuda G, Watanabe H, & Lo N (2007) Gene, 401: 131-134.

Cockroaches that lack Blattabacterium endosymbionts: the phylogenetically divergent genus Nocticola
Lo N, Beninati T, Stone F, Walker J, & Sacchi L (2007) Biology Letters, 3: 327-330.

Taxonomic status of the intracellular bacterium Wolbachia pipientis
Lo N, Paraskevopoulos C, Bourtzis K, O'Neill SL, Werren JH, Bordenstein SR, & Bandi C (2007) International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 57: 654-657.

Phylogenetic diversity of the intracellular symbiont Wolbachia in termites
Lo N, & Evans T (2007) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 44: 461-466.


Lo et al. (2006)

An alphaproteobacterium invades the mitochondria of the tick Ixodes ricinus
Lo N, Beninati T, Sacchi L, & Bandi C (2006) In Insect Symbiosis II, eds Bourtzis K & Miller TA. CRC Press, Boca Raton. pp 25-37.

Symbiotic 'Archaezoa' of the primitive termite Mastotermes darwiniensis still play a role in cellulase production
Watanabe H, Takase A, Tokuda G, Yamada A, & Lo N (2006) Eukaryotic Cell, 5: 1571-1576.

'Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii', an endosymbiont of the tick Ixodes ricinus with a unique intramitochondrial lifestyle
Sassera D, Beninati T, Bandi C, Boumann E, Sacchi L Fabbi V, & Lo N (2006) International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 56: 2535-2540.

Phylogeny of Australian Coptotermes species inferred from mitochondrial COII sequences
Lo N, Eldridge RH, & Lenz M (2006) Bulletin of Entomological Research, 96: 433-437.

Widespread distribution and high prevalence of an alpha-proteobacterial symbiont in females of the tick Ixodes ricinus
Lo N*, Beninati T* (*equal first authors), Sassera D, Bouman EAP, Santagati S, Gern L, Sambri V, Masuzawa T, Gray J, Jaenson TGT, Bouattour A, Bitam I, Kenny MJ, Guner ES, Kharitonenkov IG, & Bandi C (2006) Environmental Microbiology, 8: 1280-1287.

Molecular phylogeny of the wood-roach Cryptocercus based on mitochondrial COII and 16S sequences, and chromosome numbers in Palearctic representatives
Lo N, Luykx P, Santoni R, Beninati T, Bandi C, Casiraghi M, Wen-Hua L, & Nalepa C (2006) Zoological Science, 23: 393-398.


Phylogeny of Wolbachia based on gltA, groEL and ftsZ gene sequences: clustering of arthropod and nematode symbionts in the F supergroup and evidence for two further supergroups
Casiraghi M, Bordenstein SR, Baldo L, Lo N, Beninati T, Wernegreen JJ, Werren JH, & Bandi C (2005) Microbiology, 151: 4015-4022.

Phylogenetic analyses of fat body endosymbionts reveal differences in invasion times of Panesthia and Salganea wood-feeding cockroaches into the Japanese archipelago (Blaberidae: Panesthiinae)
Maekawa K, Kon M, Matsumoto T, Araya K, & Lo N (2005) Zoological Science, 22: 1061-1067.

Marked variations in patterns of cellulase activity against crystalline- versus carboxymethyl-cellulose in the digestive systems of diverse, wood-feeding termites
Tokuda G, Lo N, & Watanabe H (2005) Physiological Entomology, 30: 372-380.

The mosaic nature of WSP, the Wolbachia surface protein
Baldo L, Lo N, & Werren J (2005) Journal of Bacteriology, 187: 5406-5418.

Phylogeny of endosymbiont bacteria harbored by the woodroach Cryptocercus spp. (Cryptocercidae: Blattaria): molecular clock evidence for a late Cretaceous - early Tertiary split of Asian and American lineages
Maekawa K, Park YC, & Lo N (2005) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 36: 728-733.

Rickettsiae in ixodid ticks, Sicily
Beninati T, Genchi C, Torina A, Caracappa S, Bandi C, & Lo N (2005) Emerging Infectious Diseases, 11: 509-511.


Molecular phylogeny of Rhinotermitidae
Lo N, Kitade O, Miura T, Constantino R, & Matsumoto T (2004) Insectes Sociaux, 51: 365-371.

Major alteration of the expression site of endogenous cellulases in members of an apical termite lineage
Tokuda G*, Lo N* (*equal first authors), Watanabe H, Arakawa G, Matsumoto T, & Noda H (2004) Molecular Ecology, 13: 3219-3228.

A novel alpha-proteobacterium resides in the mitochondria of ovarian cells of the tick Ixodes ricinus
Beninati T, Lo N, Sacchi L, Genchi C, Noda H, & Bandi C (2004) Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70: 2596-602.

On the origin of termite workers: weighing up the phylogenetic evidence
Thompson GJ, Kitade O, Lo N, & Crozier RH (2004) Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 17: 217-220.

A symbiont of the tick Ixodes ricinus invades and consumes mitochondria in a mode similar to that of the parasitic bacterium Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus
Sacchi L, Bigliardi E, Corona S, Beninati T, Lo N, & Franceschi A. (2004) Tissue and Cell, 36:43-53.


Evidence for the presence of a cellulase gene in the last common ancestor of bilaterian animals
Lo N, Sugimura M, & Watanabe H (2003) Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 270: S69-72.

Purification, characterization, cDNA cloning and nucleotide sequencing of a cellulase from the yellow-spotted longicorn beetle, Psacothea hilaris
Sugimura M, Watanabe H, Lo N, & Saito H. (2003) European Journal of Biochemistry, 270: 3455-3460.

Evidence for co-cladogenesis between diverse dictyopteran lineages and their intracellular endosymbionts
Lo N, Bandi C, Watanabe H, Nalepa C, & Beninati T (2003) Molecular Biology and Evolution, 20: 9107-913.

The evolution of soil-burrowing cockroaches from wood-burrowing ancestors following an invasion of the latter from Asia into Australia
Maekawa K, Lo N, Rose H, & Matsumoto T (2003) Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 270:1301-1307.

2002 and earlier

First detection of spotted fever group rickettsiae in Ixodes ricinus from Italy
Beninati T, Lo N, Noda H, Esposito F, Rizzoli A, Favia G, & Genchi C, (2002) Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8: 983-986.

How many Wolbachia supergroups exist?
Lo N, Casiraghi M, Salati E, Bazzocchi C, & Bandi C (2002) Molecular Biology and Evolution, 19: 341-346.

Phylogenetic evidence for a single, ancestral origin of a ‘true’ worker caste in termites
Thompson GJ, Kitade O, Lo N, & Crozier RH (2000) Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 13: 869-881.

Evidence from multiple gene sequences indicates that termites evolved from wood-feeding cockroaches
Lo N, Tokuda G, Watanabe H, Rose H, Slaytor M, Maekawa K, Bandi C, & Noda H (2000) Current Biology, 10: 801-804.

Metazoan cellulase genes from termites: intron/exon structures and sites of expression
Tokuda G*, Lo N* (*equal first authors), Watanabe H, Slaytor M, Matsumoto T, & Noda H (1999) Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (Gene Structure and Expression), 1447: 146-159.

Molecular phylogeny and geographic distribution of wood-feeding cockroaches in East Asian islands
Maekawa K, Lo N, Kitade O, Miura T, & Matsumoto T (1999) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 13: 360-376.

A cellulase gene of termite origin
Watanabe H, Noda H, Tokuda G, & Lo N (1998) Nature, 394: 330-331.

Aerobic and anaerobic metabolism in the higher termite Nasutitermes walkeri (Hill)
Slaytor M, Veivers P, & Lo N (1997) Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 27: 291-303.

On the respiratory quotient (RQ) of termites (Insecta: Isoptera)
Nunes N, Bignell DE, Lo N, & Eggleton P (1997) Journal of Insect Physiology, 43: 749-58.