Science at preschool

By Heike Schneider

Scientific exploration implemented in a centre’s daily routine

Scientific exploration implemented in a centre’s daily routine

Summer, sand and surfing – hardly any other country on the planet is more associated with outdoor activities than Australia. Due to the climate, Australian lifestyle is closely linked to activities under the bright sun – as well as in and underneath the surface of pools and open water. As a result, most children growing up in Australia have access to water and water-related activities. Therefore, it is not surprising that Australian athletes belong to the world’s best in these disciplines.

The ‘Little Scientists’ - a not-for-profit initiative of FROEBEL Australia and the “Little Scientists’ House Foundation” in Germany – advocate the idea that young children all over Australia have access to scientific exploration as much as they have to water-related sports. Based on the fact that children are inquisitive by nature, the organisation aims to enable children between 3 and 6 years of age to explore their interest in scientific subjects.

To make scientific exploration accessible on a regular basis, the ‘Little Scientists’ offer a professional development workshop program for early childhood educators to encourage and enable an active implementation of scientific content into their work. Based on the idea of ‘stepping into children’s shoes’, the educators experience STEM* education on an age-appropriate level and learn how to support children in finding answers themselves. All workshops are built around using existing, everyday materials, to make experimenting and exploring at their centres as accessible as possible.

The workshop program is designed to enable educators to shape the learning process for discovery and experimentation together with the children. In the ideal case, they head off on the search for an answer together and talk to each other about how they view the situation. The role of the educator is also to encourage the children to gather information, data and descriptions of their observations, to describe their perceptions, ask other children about their ideas and record the generated knowledge. One excellent tool to implement scientific practice into early childhood education is the inquiry-based learning cycle that can already be used in early childhood settings. The cycle supports educators to introduce children to scientific research on an age-appropriate level. This approach to exploration will also remain relevant from preschool through to university and beyond. The inquiry-based learning cycle entails six steps:

  1. Ask questions about nature
  2. Collect ideas and hypotheses with the children
  3. Try things out and conduct experiments with the children
  4. Observe and describe
  5. Document results
  6. Discuss results with the children


Furthermore, the Little Scientists program not only encourages scientific exploration, but also aids in the development of fine motor skills, self-confidence, social skills and language, it is an excellent tool for teachers and educators to meet a range of requirements of the National Quality Framework (NQF) and the Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF).

Also, the reservations teachers and educators may have towards scientific, technological and mathematical topics can be reduced and their interest in these topics sparked.

In Germany, the initiative was launched in 2006 by a number of companies - including Siemens, McKinsey and SAP’s Dietmar-Hopp-Foundation - and is co-funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. In the meantime, it has become the largest early education initiative in Germany, with more than 1 Million children from more than 26,500 education and care services participating in the program.

Following the example from Germany, the organisation is aiming for a nationwide ‘Little Scientists’ community. Currently, the initiative is building a network of institutions that are interested in their ‘train-the-trainer-approach’ (for more information please get in touch with the ‘Little Scientists’), corporate and political partners as well as teachers, educators, parents and grandparents to provide a ‘scientific pool’ for every Australian child.

More information

If you would like to support the future of science, technology and mathematics in Australia and help to make ‘Little Scientists’ available for all children in Australia, please contact Heike Schneider, the Network and Project Coordinator of the ‘Little Scientists’, via email or by calling 02 8080 0065.