Associate Professor Clare McArthur

A08 - Heydon-Laurence Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 2062
Fax +61 2 9351 4119

Website Room 303, A08 - Heydon-Laurence Building

Biographical details

Getting Started

I started off my research career at Monash University, Victoria, by exploring the relationship between tooth wear in kangaroos and their capacity to masticate their tough grassy diet during my BSc Honours (1983) year. The variation in wear that I found between populations of kangaroos suggested an important link between how individuals cope with the diet they confront, how this varies with geography, and thus how populations may differ as a result of variation in individual characteristics.

Doing a PhD

I stayed on at Monash for my PhD (1984 - 1988), investigating how tannins in eucalypt leaves affect digestion in ringtail possums. Eucalypt are notoriously low in protein anyway, so if tannins suppressed protein digestion, it could have serious implication for those that eat them. Ringtail possums, along with koalas, greater gliders and brushtail possums, are one of the few mammalian herbivores that do. This early work suggested that tannins pose fewer problems to ringtails than to many other herbivores, presumably as a result of strong selective pressure from the fairly unique Australian eucalypt characteristics.

My first post-doc

I spent the next two years in the United States (1988 - 1990) on an NSF funded project with biochemist Ann E Hagerman, and wildlife biologists Charlie T Robbins and Tom Hanley. Here I was working on the influence of plant secondary chemistry on feeding in deer. This included running feeding preference trials with mule deer in Washington State and with Sitka black-tailed deer in Alaska. We were interested in bringing non-tannin phenolics into the ecological picture. In contrast to tannins, these small compounds are more likely to act as toxins to herbivores. By testing feeding preferences of deer offered a range of plants, we were able to show that deer chose the best plants – those which either maximised digestibility or minimised the non-tannin phenolic load. They never chose the plants with lowest digestibility and highest toxic load. This research highlighted the role and importance of these phenolics in the foraging ecology of browsers (consumers of woody plants).

My next post-doc

I spent several years as a post-doc back at Monash (1991 - 1994), further exploring how marsupial herbivores cope with leaf tannins. This included a detailed study of the saliva of a range of species, from possums to wombats to kangaroos. Salivary protein seems to be the first line of defence for many herbivores. It is extremely efficient at binding dietary tannins and so leaves the dietary protein free to be digested.

A fledged academic

For nine years (1995 - 2003) I was based in the School of Zoology, University of Tasmania, applying my understanding of foraging to the problem of browsing of tree seedlings in plantation forestry. During much of this period, I also managed the Resource Protection Program within the Cooperative Research Centre for (Temperate Hardwood and then Sustainable Production) Forestry. By investigating the fundamental principles of foraging ecology to an applied problem, my research group has been able to discover several ways in which browsing damage can be reduced.

And now

Since 2004 I have been at the University of Sydney. Research in my lab focuses on, but is not confined to, delving into the fascinating ecology of mammalian herbivores – how they interact with the plants they eat and with the predators that want to eat them. We explore the influence of the environment on plants and their chemical and structural defences against herbivores; and how herbivores forage in response to the dual costs associated with consuming plants and avoiding predators.

Research interests

My research falls under the umbrella of terrestrial ecology, though I get my feet wet when interacting with marine ecologists. I am fascinated in the ecology of herbivores, particularly mammals – how they live and interact with individuals of their own species, with plants, with predators and with the environment. How do herbivores cope with eating plants at the same time as avoiding becoming a meal themselves? How do plants defend themselves? How does predation risk modify where herbivore feed? My research falls roughly under the following interlinked topics:

Research Area
Interactions with plant-eaters

Plants can’t run (although they can sometimes hide). Instead, they have an array of physical and chemical characteristics that make it difficult for animals to eat them.

  • How do mammalian herbivores deal with these plant characteristics?
  • Do generalists (e.g. brushtail possums) view the plant world the same way as specialists (e.g. koalas)?
  • What behavioural or physiological tricks do they use to get around the problems of eating plants?
  • Do mammals exert selective pressure on plants or are they just coping with the responses of plants to other factors, such as shade, wind or insects?

Acacia thorns

Pademelons: what to eat?

Eucalypt seedlings in wind

Tannins in a gumleaf

Foraging ecology

Vegetation is patchy at a range of spatial scales. The home range of many animals encompasses one or more of these scales of patchiness. This means they can choose to spend more time in some areas than others. The variation in food quality within this environment varies, so that animals can also select amongst food patches and decide how long to spend feeding at each.

  • How do natural plant toxins affect foraging behaviour within the landscape?
  • How does size, complexity and spacing of vegetation patches affect foraging by specialist or generalist herbivores?
  • How do macropods use the landscape when foraging? What habitats do they prefer to feed or rest in? Does the size of their home range reflect the size and quality of vegetation patches in the landscape?
  • Do sympatric herbivores partition their temporal or spatial use of the landscape or the food within it? How?

Landscapes can be patchy

Bushtail possum at a feeder

Swamp wallaby at a feeder

Predators represent a third trophic level, complicating the interactions between plant-eaters and their food.

  • How do plant-eaters balance the costs of foraging for food in a landscape of fear?
  • How do predators – or the risk of predators - modify foraging behaviour of plant-eaters?
  • Can fear act as a plant defence?

Vigilant brushtail possum at a feeder

Alert bushbaby & forest fruits in southern Africa

Conservation and Management

The landscape is rapidly changing and this alters the capacity of different species to survive within it.

  • How dependent are brush-tailed rock wallabies on rocks as refuge in a modified landscape?

Brush-tailed rock wallabies in their rocky refuge
- islands in modified, open landscapes

Teaching and supervision

I am interested in showing you the fantastic world of biology and our place in it. My approach to teaching is to treat biology as a vocation. I want to introduce you to the skills and information you’ll need to be a biologist, as well as to general skills you could use if you go on to use biology as the basis for another career. Biology is not about learning a bunch of facts that others have generated – it's about weaving current knowledge into your own research to explore the living world. It’s about asking exciting research questions and going out and getting the answers; extending both the depth and breadth of our understanding.

I teach in the following units of study:

  • Intermediate - Vertebrates and their Origins (BIOL2012/2912)
  • Senior - Ecological Methods (BIOL3006/3906)
  • Senior - Ecology (BIOL3007/3907)
  • Senior - Terrestrial Field Ecology (BIOL3009/3909)
  • Honours coursework - (BIOL4015)
  • Postgraduate coursework - Methods in Applied Ecology (ENVI5904)

Projects of some (past and current) students

PhD students and their projects
  • Miguel Bedoya-Perez (current) Foraging in a risky and toxic environment: the choices macropods make. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor PB Banks.
  • Valentina Mella (current) Factors affecting foraging by brushtail possums. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor PB Banks.
  • Rebecca Stutz (current) Associational plant refuges in a matrix of abundant herbivores. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor PB Banks.
  • Carolyn Nersesian (2010) Foraging efficiency: quantifying the cost of plant toxins to herbivores. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor PB Banks.
  • Katherine Tuft (2010) The foraging ecology of the brush-tailed rock-wallaby. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor MR Crowther.
  • Phil Borchard (2009) The ecological impact of wombats (Vombatus ursinus) and cattle (Bos taurus) in a southeastern Australian agricultural riparian system. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisors CR Dickman & J McIlroy.
  • Prue Loney (2006) Plant-herbivore interactions and the physiological basis to plant defence. University of Tasmania, Hobart. Associate supervisor G Jordan (School of Plant Science).
  • Alison M Miller (2006) Foraging by herbivores in relation to vegetation patchiness and its influence on browsing of tree seedlings. University of Tasmania, Hobart. Associate supervisor PJ Smethurst (CSIRO – Forest and Forest Products).
  • Natasha Wiggins (2006) Effects of plant secondary metabolites on feeding behaviour in herbivores. University of Tasmania, Hobart. Associate supervisor S McLean (School of Pharmacy).
  • Julianne O’Reilly-Wapstra (2004) The phenotypic and genetic basis of browsing resistance of Eucalyptus globulus foliage to marsupial herbivores. University of Tasmania, Hobart. Associate supervisor B Potts (School of Plant Science).
  • Kirsten le Mar (2002) Spatial organization and habitat selection patterns of three marsupial herbivores within a patchy forestry environment. University of Tasmania, Hobart.
  • James Bulinski (1999) Quantifying and predicting mammalian herbivore damage in Tasmanian eucalypt plantations. University of Tasmania, Hobart.
Honours students and their projects (2005 – present)
  • Elyce Coluccio (current) Foraging strategies of rats in response to food and fear. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor PB Banks.
  • Petah Low (2011) Direct and indirect effects of host plant attributes on insect herbivores. The University of Sydney, NSW. Supervisor D Hochuli, Associate supervisor C McArthur.
  • Dan Issa (2009) Plant toxins and predation risk shape swamp wallaby (Wallabia bicolor) foraging patterns. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor PB Banks.
  • Chayna Moldrich(2009) Risky business: the effects of plant defences and predation risk on the foraging behaviour of the common brushtail possum. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor PB Banks.
  • Sahar Kirmani (2008) Influence of plant toxins and predation on foraging behaviour of brushtail possums. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor PB Banks.
  • Stephens H (2007) Interactions between browsing Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis) and plants in Royal National Park. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor CE Taylor.
  • Oliver Bradshaw (2006) Effects of wind and nutrients on plants and consequences for herbivory. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor AJ Pile.
  • Antony Gould (2006) Effects of wave exposure on subtidal macroalgae dominated by temperate reefs: implications for individuals and the community. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor; Supervised by AJ Pile.
  • Katherine Tuft (2005) Brushtailed rock-wallabies (Petrogale penicillata) in the Warrumbungle National Park: potential for dietary competition with sympatric macropods. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor MS Crowther.
  • Leonard Drynan (2005) Dietary responses of a generalist herbivore (Trichosurus vulpecula) along a habitat diversity gradient. The University of Sydney, NSW. Associate supervisor CE Taylor.

Selected grants

2011

  • Sydney basin Multi-purpose Spectral Analysis Facility for evolutionary and ecological studies.; Ballard J, McArthur C, Simpson S, Oldroyd B, Beekman M, Sword G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2009

  • Abiotic influences on plants; McArthur C; DVC Research/Bridging Support Grant.
  • Core Resource Facility - application for 7-laser flow cytometer and high content bioimaging system to enhance capabilities and throughput for the NSW Advanced Cytometry Facility; King N, Vadas M, Campbell I, Grau G, Britton W, Fazekas De St Groth B, Richardson D, Halliday G, Christopherson R, Gamble J, Mason R, Rasko J, McCaughan G, Weninger W, Xia P, Gorrell M, Holst J, Pile A, Sword G, McArthur C, Dong Q, Haass N, Sharland A, Saunders B, Triccas J, Norris J, Bertolino P, Bowen D, Sze D; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.

2008

  • Comparing the chemistry of plants; McArthur C; University of Sydney/Bridging Support.
  • How do foraging herbivores negotiate the perils of plant toxins and predators?; McArthur C, Banks P, Banks P; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Video analysis suite for the integrative analysis of resource acquisition behaviour in animals; Simpson S, Shine R, Thompson M, Seebacher F, Pile A, McArthur C, Coleman R, Beekman M, Ward A, Sword G, Brooks R, Poore A, Bonduriansky R, Cassis G, Olsson M, Williams S, Booth D; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).
  • Video analysis suite for the integrative analysis of resource acquisition behaviour in animals; Simpson S, Shine R, Thompson M, Seebacher F, Pile A, McArthur C, Coleman R, Beekman M, Ward A, Sword G, Brooks R, Poore A, Bonduriansky R, Cassis G, Olsson M, Booth D, Williams S; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2007

  • From leaf to landscape: An exploration of the diet of the brush-tailed rock-wallaby (Petrogale pinicillata); McArthur C; Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW)/Research Grants.
  • Climate controlled physical containment 2 (PC2) and pathogen/insect contained glasshouse facility; Day D, Guest D, Warren C, Simpson S, Kennedy I, Overall R, Smith P, McArthur C, Mansfield S, Gardiner J, McConchie R, Copeland L, Kecskes M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2006

  • Foraging efficiency: quantifying the cost of plant toxins to herbivores in spatially heterogeneous environments; McArthur C; University of Sydney/Early Career Researcher.
  • Potential for resource competition between brush-tailed rock-wallabies and sympatric macropods; McArthur C, Crowther M, Tuft; Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW)/Research Grants.

2005

  • Energy from wind and water: a neglected but significant influence on herbivory in ecosystems; McArthur C, Pile A; University of Sydney/Research & Development.

2004

  • Upgrade of Infrared Analytical Facility; McArthur C, Vaillancourt R, Mendham N, Lane P, Reid J, Haddad P, Sparrow L, Zhou M, Potts B; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2002

  • Understanding and manipulating stress physiology of eucalypt seedlings to improve survival and growth; McArthur C, Close D, Brown P, Hovenden M, Beadle C, Holz G, Hagerman A; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Manipulating vegetation and seedling quality to reduce browsing damage in plantation forestry; McArthur C, Smethurst P; Forests and Forest Industry Council of Tasmania/Grant.

2001

  • Demonstration and farm surveys of eucalypt seedling tolerance to native animal browsing; McArthur C, Close D; Natural Heritage Trust/Projects.
  • Use of lupins in reducing browsing damage to seedlings in plantation forestry; McArthur C, Barnes C, Smethurst P, Pietrzykowski E; CRC for Sustainable Production Forestry/Strategic Initiatives Fund.

Selected publications

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Journals

  • Pedersen, S., Andreassen, H., Keith, D., Skarpe, C., Dickman, C., Gordon, I., Crowther, M., McArthur, C. (2014). Relationships between native small mammals and native and introduced large herbivores. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 39, 236-243. [More Information]
  • Bedoya-Perez, M., Isler, I., Banks, P., McArthur, C. (2014). Roles of the volatile terpene, 1,8-cineole, in plant-herbivore interactions: A foraging odor cue as well as a toxin? Oecologia, 174, 827-837. [More Information]
  • Bedoya-Perez, M., Carthey, A., Mella, V., McArthur, C., Banks, P. (2013). A practical guide to avoid giving up on giving-up densities. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67(10), 1541-1553. [More Information]
  • Nersesian, C., Banks, P., McArthur, C. (2012). Behavioural responses to indirect and direct predator cues by a mammalian herbivore, the common brushtail possum. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 66(1), 47-55. [More Information]
  • Tuft, K., Crowther, M., McArthur, C. (2012). Fire and grazing influence food resources of an endangered rock-wallaby. Wildlife Research, 39(5), 436-445.
  • Nersesian, C., Banks, P., McArthur, C. (2012). Influences of Plant Toxins and Their Spatial Distribution on Foraging by the Common Brushtail Possum, a Generalist Mammalian Herbivore. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 38, 1544-1551. [More Information]
  • Nersesian, C., Banks, P., Simpson, S., McArthur, C. (2012). Mixing nutrients mitigates the intake constraints of a plant toxin in a generalist herbivore. Behavioral Ecology, 23(4), 879-888. [More Information]
  • McArthur, C., Orlando, P., Banks, P., Brown, J. (2012). The foraging tightrope between predation risk and plant toxins: A matter of concentration. Functional Ecology, 26, 74-83. [More Information]
  • Miller, A., O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Potts, B., McArthur, C. (2011). Field screening for genetic-based susceptibility to mammalian browsing. Forest Ecology and Management, 262(8), 1500-1506. [More Information]
  • Onoda, Y., Westoby, M., Adler, P., Choong, A., Clissold, F., Cornelissen, J., Dıaz, S., Dominy, N., Elgart, A., Enrico, L., McArthur, C., et al (2011). Global patterns of leaf mechanical properties. Ecology Letters, 14(3), 301-312.
  • Tuft, K., Crowther, M., McArthur, C. (2011). Multiple scales of diet selection by brush-tailed rock-wallabies, Petrogale penicillata. Australian Mammalogy, 33(2), 169-180. [More Information]
  • Tuft, K., Crowther, M., Connell, K., Muller, S., McArthur, C. (2011). Predation risk and competitive interactions affect foraging of an endangered refuge-dependent herbivore. Animal Conservation: the rapid publication journal for quantitative studies in conservation, 14(4), 447-457. [More Information]
  • Miller, A., O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Potts, B., McArthur, C. (2011). Repellent and stocking guards reduce mammal browsing in eucalypt plantations. New Forests: journal of biology, biotechnology, and management of afforestation and reforestation, 42(3), 301-316. [More Information]
  • Nersesian, C., Banks, P., McArthur, C. (2011). Titrating the cost of plant toxins against predators: Determining the tipping point for foraging herbivores. Journal of Animal Ecology, 80(4), 753-760. [More Information]
  • O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Bailey, J., McArthur, C., Potts, B. (2010). Genetic- and chemical-based resistance to two mammalian herbivores varies across the geographic range of Eucalyptus globulus. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 12, 491-505.
  • Close, D., Paterson, S., Corkrey, R., McArthur, C. (2010). Influences of seedling size, container type and mammal browsing on the establishment of Eucalyptus globulus in plantation forestry. New Forests: journal of biology, biotechnology, and management of afforestation and reforestation, 39(1), 105-115. [More Information]
  • Kirmani, S., Banks, P., McArthur, C. (2010). Integrating the costs of plant toxins and predation risk in foraging decisions of a mammalian herbivore. Oecologia, 164(2), 349-356.
  • McArthur, C., Bradshaw, O., Jordan, G., Clissold, F., Pile, A. (2010). Wind affects morphology, function, and chemistry of eucalypt tree seedlings. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 171(1), 73-80.
  • Borchard, P., Wright, I., McArthur, C. (2009). Do bare-nosed wombat (Vombatus ursinus) mounds influence terrestrial macroinvertebrate assemblages in agricultural riparian zones? Australian Journal of Zoology, 57(5), 329-336. [More Information]
  • McArthur, C., Loney, P., Davies, N., Jordan, G. (2009). Early ontogenetic trajectories vary among defence chemicals in seedlings of a fast-growing eucalypt. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, Online, 1-11.
  • Miller, A., O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Potts, B., McArthur, C. (2009). Non-lethal strategies to reduce browse damage in eucalypt plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 259, 45-55. [More Information]
  • Miller, A., McArthur, C., Smethurst, P. (2009). Spatial scale and opportunities for choice influence browsing and associational refuges of focal plants. Journal of Animal Ecology, 78(6), 1134-1142.
  • Borchard, P., McIlroy, J., McArthur, C. (2008). Links between riparian characteristics and the abundance of common wombat (Vombatus ursinus) burrows in an agricultural landscape. Wildlife Research, 35, 760-767.
  • Miller, A., McArthur, C., Smethurst, P. (2007). Effects of within-patch characteristics on the vulnerability of a plant to herbivory. Oikos: a journal of ecology, 116(1), 41-52.
  • Close, D., McArthur, C., Hagerman, A., Davies, N., Beadle, C. (2007). Phenolic acclimation to ultraviolet-A irradiation in Eucalyptus nitens seedlings raised across a nutrient environment gradient. Photosynthetica, 45(1), 36-42. [More Information]
  • Wiggins, N., McArthur, C., Davies, N., McLean, S. (2006). Behavioral responses of a generalist mammalian folivore to the physiological constraints of a chemically defended diet. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32(6), 1133-1147. [More Information]
  • Miller, A., McArthur, C., Smethurst, P. (2006). Characteristics of tree seedlings and neighbouring vegetation have an additive influence on browsing by generalist herbivores. Forest Ecology and Management, 228(1-3), 197-205. [More Information]
  • Wiggins, N., McArthur, C., Davies, N. (2006). Diet switching in a generalist mammalian folivore: fundamental to maximising intake. Oecologia, 147(4), 650-657. [More Information]
  • While, G., McArthur, C. (2006). Distance from cover affects artificial food-patch depletion by macropod herbivores. Wildlife Research, 33(7), 565-570.
  • Loney, P., McArthur, C., Sanson, G., Davies, N., Close, D., Jordan, G. (2006). How do soil nutrients affect within-plant patterns of herbivory in seedlings of Eucalyptus nitens? Oecologia, 150(3), 409-420. [More Information]
  • Loney, P., McArthur, C., Potts, B., Jordan, G. (2006). How does ontogeny in a Eucalyptus species affect patterns of herbivory in Brushtail Possums? Functional Ecology, 20, 982-988.
  • Miller, A., McArthur, C., Smethurst, P., Wang, S. (2006). Preferences of two mammalian herbivores for tree seedlings and potential cover crops in plantation forestry. Australian Forestry, 69(2), 114-121.
  • Wiggins, N., Marsh, K., Wallis, I., Foley, W., McArthur, C. (2006). Sideroxylonal in Eucalyptus foliage influences foraging behaviour of an arboreal folivore. Oecologia, 147(2), 272-279. [More Information]
  • Wiggins, N., McArthur, C., Davies, N., McLean, S. (2006). Spatial scale of the patchiness of plant poisons: A critical influence on foraging efficiency. Ecology, 87(9), 2236-2243.
  • Le Mar, K., McArthur, C. (2005). Comparison of habitat selection by two sympatric macropods, Thylogale billardierii and Macropus rufogriseus rufogriseus, in a patchy eucalypt-forestry environment. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 30(6), 674-683.
  • Close, D., McArthur, C., Hagerman, A., Fitzgerald, H. (2005). Differential distribution of leaf chemistry in eucalypt seedlings due to variation in whole-plant nutrient availability. Phytochemistry, 66(2), 215-221.
  • O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Potts, B., McArthur, C., Davies, N. (2005). Effects of nutrient variability on the genetic-based resistance of Eucalyptus globulus to a mammalian herbivore and on plant defensive chemistry. Oecologia, 142(4), 597-605. [More Information]
  • While, G., McArthur, C. (2005). Foraging in a risky environment: a comparison of Bennett's wallabies Macropus rufogriseus rufogriseus (Marsupialia : Macropodidae) and red-bellied pademelons Thylogale billiardierii (Marsupialia : Macropodidae) in open habitats. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 30(7), 756-764.
  • Le Mar, K., McArthur, C. (2005). Habitat selection by common brushtail possums in a patchy eucalypt-forestry environment. Australian Mammalogy, 27(2), 119-127.
  • O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Potts, B., McArthur, C., Davies, N., Tilyard, P. (2005). Inheritance of resistance to mammalian herbivores and of plant defensive chemistry in an Eucalyptus species. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 31(2), 357-375. [More Information]
  • Le Mar, K., McArthur, C. (2005). Interactions between herbivores, vegetation and eucalypt tree seedlings in a plantation forestry environment. Australian Forestry, 68(4), 281-290.
  • McArthur, C., Appleton, R. (2004). Effect Of Seedling Characteristics At Planting On Browsing Of Eucalyptus Globulus By Rabbits. Australian Forestry, 67(1), 25-29.
  • Close, D., McArthur, C., Pietrzykowski, E., Fitzgerald, H., Paterson, S. (2004). Evaluating Effects Of Nursery And Post-Planting Nutrient Regimes On Leaf Chemistry And Browsing Of Eucalypt Seedlings In Plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 200, 101-112. [More Information]
  • O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., McArthur, C., Potts, B. (2004). Linking Plant Genotype, Plant Defensive Chemistry And Mammal Browsing In A Eucalyptus Species. Functional Ecology, 18(5), 677-684.
  • Wiggins, N., McArthur, C., McLean, S., Boyle, R. (2003). Effects of two plant secondary metabolites, cineole and gallic acid, on nightly feeding patterns of the common brushtail possum. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 29(6), 1447-1464.
  • le Mar, K., McArthur, C., Statham, M. (2003). Home ranges of sympatric red-necked wallabies, red-bellied pademelons and common brushtail possums in a temperate eucalypt forestry environment. Australian Mammalogy, 25(2), 183-191.
  • Bulinski, J., McArthur, C. (2003). Identifying factors related to the severity of mammalian browsing damage in eucalypt plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 183(1-3), 239-247.
  • Pietrzykowski, E., McArthur, C., Fitzgerald, H., Goodwin, A. (2003). Influence of patch characteristics on browsing of tree seedlings by mammalian herbivores. Journal of Applied Ecology: ecology with management relevance, 40(3), 458-469.
  • le Mar, K., McArthur, C. (2003). Location of 1080-poisoned marsupial herbivore carcasses in relation to their home ranges. Tasforests, 14, 131-135.
  • McArthur, C., Marsh, N., Close, D., Walsh, A., Paterson, S., Fitzgerald, H., Davies, N. (2003). Nursery conditions affect seedling chemistry, morphology and herbivore preferences for Eucalyptus nitens. Forest Ecology and Management, 176(1-3), 585-594.
  • Close, D., McArthur, C., Paterson, S., Fitzgerald, H., Walsh, A., Kincade, T. (2003). Photoinhibition: a link between effects of the environment on eucalypt leaf chemistry and herbivory. Ecology, 84(11), 2952-2966.
  • Sprent, J., McArthur, C. (2002). Diet and diet selection of two species in the macropodid browser-grazer continuum - do they eat what they "should"? Australian Journal of Zoology, 50(2), 183-192.
  • O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., McArthur, C., Potts, B. (2002). Genetic variation in resistance of Eucalyptus globulus to marsupial browsers. Oecologia, 130, 289-296.
  • Scott, S., McArthur, C., Potts, B., Joyce, K. (2002). Possum browsing - the downside to a eucalypt hybrid developed for frost tolerance in plantation forestry. Forest Ecology and Management, 157(1-3), 231-245.
  • le Mar, K., McArthur, C. (2001). Changes in marsupial herbivore densities in relation to a forestry 1080-poisoning operation. Australian Forestry, 64, 175-180.
  • le Mar, K., Southwell, C., McArthur, C. (2001). Evaluation of line transect sampling to estimate nocturnal densities of macropods in open and closed habitats. Wildlife Research, 28, 9-16.

2014

  • Pedersen, S., Andreassen, H., Keith, D., Skarpe, C., Dickman, C., Gordon, I., Crowther, M., McArthur, C. (2014). Relationships between native small mammals and native and introduced large herbivores. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 39, 236-243. [More Information]
  • Bedoya-Perez, M., Isler, I., Banks, P., McArthur, C. (2014). Roles of the volatile terpene, 1,8-cineole, in plant-herbivore interactions: A foraging odor cue as well as a toxin? Oecologia, 174, 827-837. [More Information]

2013

  • Bedoya-Perez, M., Carthey, A., Mella, V., McArthur, C., Banks, P. (2013). A practical guide to avoid giving up on giving-up densities. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67(10), 1541-1553. [More Information]

2012

  • Nersesian, C., Banks, P., McArthur, C. (2012). Behavioural responses to indirect and direct predator cues by a mammalian herbivore, the common brushtail possum. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 66(1), 47-55. [More Information]
  • Tuft, K., Crowther, M., McArthur, C. (2012). Fire and grazing influence food resources of an endangered rock-wallaby. Wildlife Research, 39(5), 436-445.
  • Nersesian, C., Banks, P., McArthur, C. (2012). Influences of Plant Toxins and Their Spatial Distribution on Foraging by the Common Brushtail Possum, a Generalist Mammalian Herbivore. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 38, 1544-1551. [More Information]
  • Nersesian, C., Banks, P., Simpson, S., McArthur, C. (2012). Mixing nutrients mitigates the intake constraints of a plant toxin in a generalist herbivore. Behavioral Ecology, 23(4), 879-888. [More Information]
  • McArthur, C., Orlando, P., Banks, P., Brown, J. (2012). The foraging tightrope between predation risk and plant toxins: A matter of concentration. Functional Ecology, 26, 74-83. [More Information]

2011

  • Miller, A., O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Potts, B., McArthur, C. (2011). Field screening for genetic-based susceptibility to mammalian browsing. Forest Ecology and Management, 262(8), 1500-1506. [More Information]
  • Onoda, Y., Westoby, M., Adler, P., Choong, A., Clissold, F., Cornelissen, J., Dıaz, S., Dominy, N., Elgart, A., Enrico, L., McArthur, C., et al (2011). Global patterns of leaf mechanical properties. Ecology Letters, 14(3), 301-312.
  • Tuft, K., Crowther, M., McArthur, C. (2011). Multiple scales of diet selection by brush-tailed rock-wallabies, Petrogale penicillata. Australian Mammalogy, 33(2), 169-180. [More Information]
  • Tuft, K., Crowther, M., Connell, K., Muller, S., McArthur, C. (2011). Predation risk and competitive interactions affect foraging of an endangered refuge-dependent herbivore. Animal Conservation: the rapid publication journal for quantitative studies in conservation, 14(4), 447-457. [More Information]
  • Miller, A., O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Potts, B., McArthur, C. (2011). Repellent and stocking guards reduce mammal browsing in eucalypt plantations. New Forests: journal of biology, biotechnology, and management of afforestation and reforestation, 42(3), 301-316. [More Information]
  • Nersesian, C., Banks, P., McArthur, C. (2011). Titrating the cost of plant toxins against predators: Determining the tipping point for foraging herbivores. Journal of Animal Ecology, 80(4), 753-760. [More Information]

2010

  • O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Bailey, J., McArthur, C., Potts, B. (2010). Genetic- and chemical-based resistance to two mammalian herbivores varies across the geographic range of Eucalyptus globulus. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 12, 491-505.
  • Close, D., Paterson, S., Corkrey, R., McArthur, C. (2010). Influences of seedling size, container type and mammal browsing on the establishment of Eucalyptus globulus in plantation forestry. New Forests: journal of biology, biotechnology, and management of afforestation and reforestation, 39(1), 105-115. [More Information]
  • Kirmani, S., Banks, P., McArthur, C. (2010). Integrating the costs of plant toxins and predation risk in foraging decisions of a mammalian herbivore. Oecologia, 164(2), 349-356.
  • McArthur, C., Bradshaw, O., Jordan, G., Clissold, F., Pile, A. (2010). Wind affects morphology, function, and chemistry of eucalypt tree seedlings. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 171(1), 73-80.

2009

  • Borchard, P., Wright, I., McArthur, C. (2009). Do bare-nosed wombat (Vombatus ursinus) mounds influence terrestrial macroinvertebrate assemblages in agricultural riparian zones? Australian Journal of Zoology, 57(5), 329-336. [More Information]
  • McArthur, C., Loney, P., Davies, N., Jordan, G. (2009). Early ontogenetic trajectories vary among defence chemicals in seedlings of a fast-growing eucalypt. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, Online, 1-11.
  • Miller, A., O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Potts, B., McArthur, C. (2009). Non-lethal strategies to reduce browse damage in eucalypt plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 259, 45-55. [More Information]
  • Miller, A., McArthur, C., Smethurst, P. (2009). Spatial scale and opportunities for choice influence browsing and associational refuges of focal plants. Journal of Animal Ecology, 78(6), 1134-1142.

2008

  • Borchard, P., McIlroy, J., McArthur, C. (2008). Links between riparian characteristics and the abundance of common wombat (Vombatus ursinus) burrows in an agricultural landscape. Wildlife Research, 35, 760-767.

2007

  • Miller, A., McArthur, C., Smethurst, P. (2007). Effects of within-patch characteristics on the vulnerability of a plant to herbivory. Oikos: a journal of ecology, 116(1), 41-52.
  • Close, D., McArthur, C., Hagerman, A., Davies, N., Beadle, C. (2007). Phenolic acclimation to ultraviolet-A irradiation in Eucalyptus nitens seedlings raised across a nutrient environment gradient. Photosynthetica, 45(1), 36-42. [More Information]

2006

  • Wiggins, N., McArthur, C., Davies, N., McLean, S. (2006). Behavioral responses of a generalist mammalian folivore to the physiological constraints of a chemically defended diet. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32(6), 1133-1147. [More Information]
  • Miller, A., McArthur, C., Smethurst, P. (2006). Characteristics of tree seedlings and neighbouring vegetation have an additive influence on browsing by generalist herbivores. Forest Ecology and Management, 228(1-3), 197-205. [More Information]
  • Wiggins, N., McArthur, C., Davies, N. (2006). Diet switching in a generalist mammalian folivore: fundamental to maximising intake. Oecologia, 147(4), 650-657. [More Information]
  • While, G., McArthur, C. (2006). Distance from cover affects artificial food-patch depletion by macropod herbivores. Wildlife Research, 33(7), 565-570.
  • Loney, P., McArthur, C., Sanson, G., Davies, N., Close, D., Jordan, G. (2006). How do soil nutrients affect within-plant patterns of herbivory in seedlings of Eucalyptus nitens? Oecologia, 150(3), 409-420. [More Information]
  • Loney, P., McArthur, C., Potts, B., Jordan, G. (2006). How does ontogeny in a Eucalyptus species affect patterns of herbivory in Brushtail Possums? Functional Ecology, 20, 982-988.
  • Miller, A., McArthur, C., Smethurst, P., Wang, S. (2006). Preferences of two mammalian herbivores for tree seedlings and potential cover crops in plantation forestry. Australian Forestry, 69(2), 114-121.
  • Wiggins, N., Marsh, K., Wallis, I., Foley, W., McArthur, C. (2006). Sideroxylonal in Eucalyptus foliage influences foraging behaviour of an arboreal folivore. Oecologia, 147(2), 272-279. [More Information]
  • Wiggins, N., McArthur, C., Davies, N., McLean, S. (2006). Spatial scale of the patchiness of plant poisons: A critical influence on foraging efficiency. Ecology, 87(9), 2236-2243.

2005

  • Le Mar, K., McArthur, C. (2005). Comparison of habitat selection by two sympatric macropods, Thylogale billardierii and Macropus rufogriseus rufogriseus, in a patchy eucalypt-forestry environment. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 30(6), 674-683.
  • Close, D., McArthur, C., Hagerman, A., Fitzgerald, H. (2005). Differential distribution of leaf chemistry in eucalypt seedlings due to variation in whole-plant nutrient availability. Phytochemistry, 66(2), 215-221.
  • O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Potts, B., McArthur, C., Davies, N. (2005). Effects of nutrient variability on the genetic-based resistance of Eucalyptus globulus to a mammalian herbivore and on plant defensive chemistry. Oecologia, 142(4), 597-605. [More Information]
  • While, G., McArthur, C. (2005). Foraging in a risky environment: a comparison of Bennett's wallabies Macropus rufogriseus rufogriseus (Marsupialia : Macropodidae) and red-bellied pademelons Thylogale billiardierii (Marsupialia : Macropodidae) in open habitats. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 30(7), 756-764.
  • Le Mar, K., McArthur, C. (2005). Habitat selection by common brushtail possums in a patchy eucalypt-forestry environment. Australian Mammalogy, 27(2), 119-127.
  • O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., Potts, B., McArthur, C., Davies, N., Tilyard, P. (2005). Inheritance of resistance to mammalian herbivores and of plant defensive chemistry in an Eucalyptus species. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 31(2), 357-375. [More Information]
  • Le Mar, K., McArthur, C. (2005). Interactions between herbivores, vegetation and eucalypt tree seedlings in a plantation forestry environment. Australian Forestry, 68(4), 281-290.

2004

  • McArthur, C., Appleton, R. (2004). Effect Of Seedling Characteristics At Planting On Browsing Of Eucalyptus Globulus By Rabbits. Australian Forestry, 67(1), 25-29.
  • Close, D., McArthur, C., Pietrzykowski, E., Fitzgerald, H., Paterson, S. (2004). Evaluating Effects Of Nursery And Post-Planting Nutrient Regimes On Leaf Chemistry And Browsing Of Eucalypt Seedlings In Plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 200, 101-112. [More Information]
  • O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., McArthur, C., Potts, B. (2004). Linking Plant Genotype, Plant Defensive Chemistry And Mammal Browsing In A Eucalyptus Species. Functional Ecology, 18(5), 677-684.

2003

  • Wiggins, N., McArthur, C., McLean, S., Boyle, R. (2003). Effects of two plant secondary metabolites, cineole and gallic acid, on nightly feeding patterns of the common brushtail possum. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 29(6), 1447-1464.
  • le Mar, K., McArthur, C., Statham, M. (2003). Home ranges of sympatric red-necked wallabies, red-bellied pademelons and common brushtail possums in a temperate eucalypt forestry environment. Australian Mammalogy, 25(2), 183-191.
  • Bulinski, J., McArthur, C. (2003). Identifying factors related to the severity of mammalian browsing damage in eucalypt plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 183(1-3), 239-247.
  • Pietrzykowski, E., McArthur, C., Fitzgerald, H., Goodwin, A. (2003). Influence of patch characteristics on browsing of tree seedlings by mammalian herbivores. Journal of Applied Ecology: ecology with management relevance, 40(3), 458-469.
  • le Mar, K., McArthur, C. (2003). Location of 1080-poisoned marsupial herbivore carcasses in relation to their home ranges. Tasforests, 14, 131-135.
  • McArthur, C., Marsh, N., Close, D., Walsh, A., Paterson, S., Fitzgerald, H., Davies, N. (2003). Nursery conditions affect seedling chemistry, morphology and herbivore preferences for Eucalyptus nitens. Forest Ecology and Management, 176(1-3), 585-594.
  • Close, D., McArthur, C., Paterson, S., Fitzgerald, H., Walsh, A., Kincade, T. (2003). Photoinhibition: a link between effects of the environment on eucalypt leaf chemistry and herbivory. Ecology, 84(11), 2952-2966.

2002

  • Sprent, J., McArthur, C. (2002). Diet and diet selection of two species in the macropodid browser-grazer continuum - do they eat what they "should"? Australian Journal of Zoology, 50(2), 183-192.
  • O'Reilly-Wapstra, J., McArthur, C., Potts, B. (2002). Genetic variation in resistance of Eucalyptus globulus to marsupial browsers. Oecologia, 130, 289-296.
  • Scott, S., McArthur, C., Potts, B., Joyce, K. (2002). Possum browsing - the downside to a eucalypt hybrid developed for frost tolerance in plantation forestry. Forest Ecology and Management, 157(1-3), 231-245.

2001

  • le Mar, K., McArthur, C. (2001). Changes in marsupial herbivore densities in relation to a forestry 1080-poisoning operation. Australian Forestry, 64, 175-180.
  • le Mar, K., Southwell, C., McArthur, C. (2001). Evaluation of line transect sampling to estimate nocturnal densities of macropods in open and closed habitats. Wildlife Research, 28, 9-16.

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