Dr Daniel Penny

Room 433

F09 - Madsen Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone + 61 2 9351 6464

Website Google Scholar

Research interests

Dan's research is focussed on the environmental history of the southwest Pacific region, but particularly mainland Southeast Asia (Thailand, Cambodia).

Dan applies expertise in palaeo-botany and sedimentology to document the response of tropical ecosystems to climatic variability and human activities over long periods of time. The aim of this research is to reveal the complex mechanistic interaction between the biosphere (including humans) and the atmosphere in order to better understand the Earth System.

A key focus of Dan's work is the response of human communities to environmental change. For well over a decade Dan has studied the environmental history of medieval cities in Cambodia, particularly the world-famous city of Angkor.

Teaching and supervision

Junior

  • GEOS1002/1902 Introductory Geography

Senior

  • GEOS3103/3803 Environmental and Sedimentary Geology
  • GEOS3333/3933 Geographical Skills, Concepts and Method

Postgraduate

  • AFNR5801 Climate Change: Process, History and Issues.

Recent Honours Projects:

Job, T. (2015) A geochemical history of climate-activated acid release from acid sulfate soils in the lower Murray-Darling basin. Bachelor of Science.

Williams, G. (2013) Here be dragons: integrating scientific and traditional ecological knowledge for environmental management. Bachelor of Science.

Moss, E. (2013) A dust record from lacustrine sediment on North Stradbroke Island, Queensland: evidence for climate variabilirty in central and southeastern Australia during the late Quaternary. Bachelor of Science.

Recent Higher Degree Supervision:

Adlam, K. (2014) The value of the geological record in determining rates and drivers of coastal lagoon shoreline development. Doctor of Philosophy

Sharma, R. (2014) Precipitating change: Holocene change in the Asian monsoon based on sediment archives from tropical lakes. Master of Science.

Current projects

Greater Angkor Project (2001 ongoing)

Department of Archaeology and the School of Geosciences

APSARA Authority (Cambodia)

École Française d’Exrtême-Orient (France)

Cambodian Crater Lakes Project (2010 ongoing)

School of Geosciences

Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University (USA)

Ministry of Environment (Cambodia)

Associations

Past Global Changes (PAGES) 'Global Soil and Sediment Transfers in the Anthropocene' (GloSS) Working Group. Steering Committee Member, Regional Taskforce Leader for Southeast Asia. PAGES is a core project of Future Earth

Sydney Southeast Asia Centre Country Co-ordinator for Cambodia

Adjunct Reserach Scientist. Columbia University (2010-2014)

Selected grants

2015

  • Bridging social and natural sciences to enable community adaptation in protected areas; Penny D, Gillespie J; University of Sydney/Sydney Southeast Asia Centre Cluster Research.

2014

  • Ephemral cities and the age of commerce; Penny D; DVC Research/Bridging Support Grant.

2011

  • How do abrupt changes in the Asian monsoon affect ecosystems and environmental processes?; Penny D; Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE)/Awards.
  • Water Management at Mahendrapura, Cambodia, 7-14th c. C.E.; Penny D; Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE)/Awards.
  • Industries of Angkor Project: Documenting the history, scale, and environmental impact of iron production during the Khmer Empire (11th to 15th c. CE), Cambodia; Hendrickson M, Cooke C, Penny D; Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE)/Awards.

2010

  • High-resolution ITRAX XRF core scanning facility for global change research; Mather D, Penny D; Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).
  • Thresholds and hysteresis: how do abrupt changes in the Asian monsoon affect ecosystems and environmental processes; Penny D, Buckley B, Hua Q; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Thresholds and hysteresis: how do abrupt changes in the Asian monsoon affect ecosystems and environmental processes; Penny D; DVC Research/Bridging Support Fellowship.

2008

  • Integrated Vibrational Spectroscopic Mapping for Archeological, Biological, Geological Materials, and Medical Research; Bernard C, Marshall C, Wood B, Potts D, Penny D, Dutkiewicz A, Grau G, Sorrell T, Swain M, Yang W, Soon L, Lay P, McNaughton D, Maschmeyer T, Ramzan I, Beardall J, Traini D, Carter E; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).
  • The Late Pleistocene Peopling of East Asia and Associated Climate-Environment History; Curnoe D, Tacon P, Mooney S, Penny D, Xueping J, Pan R, Fink D, Herries A; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Integrated Vibrational Spectroscopic Mapping for Archeological, Biological, Geological, Materials and Medical Research; Lay P, McNaughton D, Maschmeyer T, Potts D, Swain M, Grau G, Sorrell T, Ramzan I, Beardall J, Bernard C, Marshall C, Dutkiewicz A, Penny D, Wood B, Yang W, Soon L, Traini D, Carter E; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2006

  • University of Sydney - Bridging Support Grant; Penny D; University of Sydney/Bridging Support.

2005

  • The use of sediment and palynological records to trace the decline of Angkor; Penny D; Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE)/Awards.
  • Urban infrastructure, inertia and ecology: the growth and decline of angkor, cambodia (9th to 16th Century AD); Fletcher R, Penny D, Pottier C, Barbetti M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2004

  • Interactions between humans and the environment at the pre-Angkorian site of Angkor Borei in the lower Mekong River basin of S Cambodia; Penny D, Bishop P; British Academy/Visiting Fellow.

2003

  • The palaeo-environment of Angkor.; Penny D; Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE)/Awards.

2002

  • An assessment of the rate and trajectory of environmental change since first European settlement in the Western Plains of Victoria; Penny D; Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE)/Awards.
  • The historical environment of Angkor: an investigation of synergy between people and landscape.; Penny D; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Not known; Penny D; DVC Research/Bridging Support Grant.

2001

  • The decline of Angkor; University of Sydney/Postdoctoral Fellowship.

Selected publications

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Edited Books

  • Kershaw, P., David, B., Tapper, N., Penny, D., Brown, J. (2002). Bridging Wallace's Line: The Environmental and Cultural History and Dynamics of the Southeast Asian - Australian Region. Reiskirchen, Germany: Catena Verlag GMBH.

Book Chapters

  • Penny, D. (2012). China and Southeast Asia. In S E Metcalfe and D J Nash (Eds.), Quaternary Environmental Change in the Tropics, (pp. 207-235). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.
  • Tibby, J., Penny, D., Leahy, P., Kershaw, A. (2012). Vegetation and water quality responses to Holocene climate variability in Lake Purrumbete, western Victoria. In SIMON G. HABERLE and BRUNO DAVID (Eds.), Peopled Landscapes: Archaeological and Biogeographic Approaches to Landscapes, (pp. 359-373). Canberra: ANU E Press.
  • Penny, D. (2010). The Mekong River System and the End of the Angkor Civilization: A Water Historical Perspective. In Terje Tvedt and Richard Coopey (Eds.), A History of Water, Series 2, Volume 2, Rivers and Society: From Early Civilizations to Modern Times, (pp. 129-143). London, United Kingdom: I.B. Tauris.
  • Lustig, T., Fletcher, R., Kummu, M., Pottier, C., Penny, D. (2008). Did Traditional Cultures Live in Harmony with Nature? Lessons from Angkor, Cambodia. In Matti Kummu, Marko Keskinen, Olli Varis (Eds.), Modern myths of the Mekong: a critical review of water and development concepts, principles and policies, (pp. 81-94). Helsinki: Water & Development Publications - Helsinki University of Technology.
  • Fletcher, R., Penny, D., Barbetti, M., Pottier, C., Than, H., Chan, K., Somaneath, T. (2006). The Greater Angkor Project 2005-2009: Issues and Program. In Elisabeth A Bacus, Ian C Glover and Vincent C Piggot (Eds.), Uncovering Southeast Asia's Past: Selected Papers from the 10th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, (pp. 347-354). Singapore: National University of Singapore.
  • Kershaw, A., Penny, D., van der Kaars, S., Anshuri, G., Thamotherampillai, A. (2001). Vegetation and climate in lowland Southeast Asia at the Last Glacial Maximum. In Metcalfe, I., Smith, J.M.B., Morwood, M., Davidson, I. (Eds.), Faunal and floral migrations and evolution in Southeast Asia – Australasia. United States: CRC Press.

Journals

  • Hamilton, R., Penny, D. (2015). Ecological history of Lachlan Nature Reserve, Centennial Park, Sydney, Australia: a palaeoecological approach to conservation. Environmental Conservation, 42(1), 84-94. [More Information]
  • hall, T., Penny, D., Hendrickson, M., Cooke, C., Hua, Q. (2015). Iron and fire: Geoarchaeological history of a Khmer peripheral centre during the decline of the Angkorian Empire, Cambodia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 6, 53-63. [More Information]
  • Hoogakker, B., Smith, R., Singarayer, J., Marchant, R., Prentice, I., Allen, J., Anderson, R., Bhagwat, S., Behling, H., Borisova, O., Penny, D., et al (2015). Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr. Climate of the Past, 12, 51-73. [More Information]
  • Penny, D. (2014). Social upheaval in ancient Angkor resulting from fluvial response to land use and climate variability. Pages Magazine, 22(1), 32-33.
  • Penny, D., Chevance, J., Tang, D., De Greef, S. (2014). The Environmental Impact of Cambodia’s Ancient City of Mahendraparvata (Phnom Kulen). PloS One, 9(1), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Gale, S., Penny, D. (2012). Clastic spring sediments: a tool for palaeoflood reconstruction? Zeitschrift fuer Geomorphologie, 56(3), 387-400. [More Information]
  • Pottier, C., Penny, D., Hendrickson, M., Carter, E. (2012). Unearthing an Atlantean myth in Angkor: geoarchaeological investigation of the 'underwater road' crossing on the Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39(8), 2604-2611. [More Information]
  • Buckley, B., Anchukaitis, K., Penny, D., Fletcher, R., Cook, E., Masaki, S., Nam, L., Wichienkeeo, A., Minh, T., Truong, M. (2010). Climate as a contributing factor in the demise of Angkor, Cambodia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 107(15), 6748-6752. [More Information]
  • Kummu, M., Penny, D., Sarkkula, J., Koponen, J. (2008). Sediment: Curse or Blessing for Tonle Sap Lake. Ambio: a journal of the human environment, 37(3), 158-163. [More Information]
  • Penny, D. (2008). The Mekong at Climatic Crossroads: Lessons from the Geological Past. Ambio: a journal of the human environment, 37(3), 164-169. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, R., Penny, D., Evans, D., Pottier, C., Barbetti, M., Kummu, M., Lustig, T., Authority for the Protection and Mgt of Angkor and the Region of Siem Reap, A. (2008). The water management network of Angkor, Cambodia. Antiquity, 82(2008), 658-670.
  • Sanderson, D., Bishop, P., Stark, M., Alexander, S., Penny, D. (2007). Luminescence dating of canal sediments from Angkor Borei, Mekong Delta, Southern Cambodia. Quaternary Geochronology, 2(1-4), 322-329.
  • Luly, J., Grindrod, J., Penny, D. (2006). Holocene palaeoenvironments and change at Three-Quarter Mile Lake, Silver Plains Station, Cape York Peninsula, Australia. The Holocene: a major interdisciplinary journal focusing on recent environmental change, 16(8), 1085-1094. [More Information]
  • Penny, D. (2006). The Holocene history and development of the Tonle Sap, Cambodia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 25(3-4), 310-322.
  • Penny, D., Pottier, C., Fletcher, R., Barbetti, M., Fink, D., Hua, Q. (2006). Vegetation and land-use at Angkor, Cambodia: a dated pollen sequence from the Bakong temple moat. Antiquity, 80(3), 599-614.
  • Penny, D., Pottier, C., Kummu, M., Fletcher, R., Zoppi, U., Barbetti, M., Somaneath, T. (2005). Hydrological history of the West Baray, Angkor, revealed through palynological analysis of sediments from the West Mebon. Bulletin de l'ecole Francaise d'extreme-Orient, 92(3), 497-521.
  • Penny, D., Cook, G., Sok, S. (2005). Long-term rates of sediment accumulation in the Tonle Sap, Cambodia: A threat to ecosystem health? Journal of Paleolimnology, 33(1), 95-103. [More Information]
  • Penny, D., Kealhofer, L. (2005). Microfossil evidence of land-use intensification in north Thailand. Journal of Archaeological Science, 32(1), 69-82. [More Information]
  • Kershaw, A., Tibby, J., Penny, D., Yezdani, H., Walkley, R., Cook, E., Johnston, R. (2004). Latest Pleistocene And Holocene Vegetation And Environmental History Of The Western Plains Of Victoria, Australia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 116(1), 139-161.
  • Pickett, E., Harrison, S., Hope, G., Harle, K., Dodson, J., Kershaw, A., Prentice, I., Backhouse, J., Colhoun, E., D'Costa, D., Penny, D., et al (2004). Pollen-based reconstructions of biome distributions for Australia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific (SEAPAC region) at 0, 6000 and 18,000 (14)C yr BP. Journal of Biogeography, 31(9), 1381-1444.
  • White, J., Penny, D., Kealhofer, L., Maloney, B. (2004). Vegetation Changes From The Late Pleistocene Through The Holocene From Three Areas Of Archaeological Significance In Thailand. Quaternary International, 113(1), 111-132.
  • Bishop, P., Penny, D., Stark, M., Marian, S. (2003). A 3.5 ka Record of Paleoenvironments and Human Occupation at Angkor Borei, Mekong Delta, Southern Cambodia. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, 18(3), 359-393. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, R., Barbetti, M., Evans, D., Than, H., Sokrithy, I., Chan, D., Penny, D., Pottier, C., Somaneath, T. (2003). Redefining Angkor: Structure and environment in the largest, low density urban complex of the pre-industrial world. Udaya Journal of Khmer Studies, 4, 107-121.
  • Penny, D. (2001). A 40,000 year palynological record from north-east Thailand; implications for biogeography and palaeo-environmental reconstruction. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 171(3), 97-128.
  • van der Kaars, S., Penny, D., Tibby, J., Fluin, J., Dam, R., Suparan, P. (2001). Late Quaternary palaeoecology, palynology and palaeolimnology of a tropical lowland swamp: Rawa Danau, West-Java, Indonesia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 171(3), 185-212.

Conferences

  • Penny, D. (2007). Microfossil records of environmental change, land use and societal collapse at Angkor, Cambodia. XVII Inqua Congress. The Tropics: heat engine of the Quaternary, Quaternary International: Elsevier.

Reference Works

  • Penny, D. (2015). Water Management at Angkor. Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Springer Netherlands.

2015

  • Hamilton, R., Penny, D. (2015). Ecological history of Lachlan Nature Reserve, Centennial Park, Sydney, Australia: a palaeoecological approach to conservation. Environmental Conservation, 42(1), 84-94. [More Information]
  • hall, T., Penny, D., Hendrickson, M., Cooke, C., Hua, Q. (2015). Iron and fire: Geoarchaeological history of a Khmer peripheral centre during the decline of the Angkorian Empire, Cambodia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 6, 53-63. [More Information]
  • Hoogakker, B., Smith, R., Singarayer, J., Marchant, R., Prentice, I., Allen, J., Anderson, R., Bhagwat, S., Behling, H., Borisova, O., Penny, D., et al (2015). Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr. Climate of the Past, 12, 51-73. [More Information]
  • Penny, D. (2015). Water Management at Angkor. Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Springer Netherlands.

2014

  • Penny, D. (2014). Social upheaval in ancient Angkor resulting from fluvial response to land use and climate variability. Pages Magazine, 22(1), 32-33.
  • Penny, D., Chevance, J., Tang, D., De Greef, S. (2014). The Environmental Impact of Cambodia’s Ancient City of Mahendraparvata (Phnom Kulen). PloS One, 9(1), 1-9. [More Information]

2012

  • Penny, D. (2012). China and Southeast Asia. In S E Metcalfe and D J Nash (Eds.), Quaternary Environmental Change in the Tropics, (pp. 207-235). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.
  • Gale, S., Penny, D. (2012). Clastic spring sediments: a tool for palaeoflood reconstruction? Zeitschrift fuer Geomorphologie, 56(3), 387-400. [More Information]
  • Pottier, C., Penny, D., Hendrickson, M., Carter, E. (2012). Unearthing an Atlantean myth in Angkor: geoarchaeological investigation of the 'underwater road' crossing on the Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39(8), 2604-2611. [More Information]
  • Tibby, J., Penny, D., Leahy, P., Kershaw, A. (2012). Vegetation and water quality responses to Holocene climate variability in Lake Purrumbete, western Victoria. In SIMON G. HABERLE and BRUNO DAVID (Eds.), Peopled Landscapes: Archaeological and Biogeographic Approaches to Landscapes, (pp. 359-373). Canberra: ANU E Press.

2010

  • Buckley, B., Anchukaitis, K., Penny, D., Fletcher, R., Cook, E., Masaki, S., Nam, L., Wichienkeeo, A., Minh, T., Truong, M. (2010). Climate as a contributing factor in the demise of Angkor, Cambodia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 107(15), 6748-6752. [More Information]
  • Penny, D. (2010). The Mekong River System and the End of the Angkor Civilization: A Water Historical Perspective. In Terje Tvedt and Richard Coopey (Eds.), A History of Water, Series 2, Volume 2, Rivers and Society: From Early Civilizations to Modern Times, (pp. 129-143). London, United Kingdom: I.B. Tauris.

2008

  • Lustig, T., Fletcher, R., Kummu, M., Pottier, C., Penny, D. (2008). Did Traditional Cultures Live in Harmony with Nature? Lessons from Angkor, Cambodia. In Matti Kummu, Marko Keskinen, Olli Varis (Eds.), Modern myths of the Mekong: a critical review of water and development concepts, principles and policies, (pp. 81-94). Helsinki: Water & Development Publications - Helsinki University of Technology.
  • Kummu, M., Penny, D., Sarkkula, J., Koponen, J. (2008). Sediment: Curse or Blessing for Tonle Sap Lake. Ambio: a journal of the human environment, 37(3), 158-163. [More Information]
  • Penny, D. (2008). The Mekong at Climatic Crossroads: Lessons from the Geological Past. Ambio: a journal of the human environment, 37(3), 164-169. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, R., Penny, D., Evans, D., Pottier, C., Barbetti, M., Kummu, M., Lustig, T., Authority for the Protection and Mgt of Angkor and the Region of Siem Reap, A. (2008). The water management network of Angkor, Cambodia. Antiquity, 82(2008), 658-670.

2007

  • Sanderson, D., Bishop, P., Stark, M., Alexander, S., Penny, D. (2007). Luminescence dating of canal sediments from Angkor Borei, Mekong Delta, Southern Cambodia. Quaternary Geochronology, 2(1-4), 322-329.
  • Penny, D. (2007). Microfossil records of environmental change, land use and societal collapse at Angkor, Cambodia. XVII Inqua Congress. The Tropics: heat engine of the Quaternary, Quaternary International: Elsevier.

2006

  • Luly, J., Grindrod, J., Penny, D. (2006). Holocene palaeoenvironments and change at Three-Quarter Mile Lake, Silver Plains Station, Cape York Peninsula, Australia. The Holocene: a major interdisciplinary journal focusing on recent environmental change, 16(8), 1085-1094. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, R., Penny, D., Barbetti, M., Pottier, C., Than, H., Chan, K., Somaneath, T. (2006). The Greater Angkor Project 2005-2009: Issues and Program. In Elisabeth A Bacus, Ian C Glover and Vincent C Piggot (Eds.), Uncovering Southeast Asia's Past: Selected Papers from the 10th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, (pp. 347-354). Singapore: National University of Singapore.
  • Penny, D. (2006). The Holocene history and development of the Tonle Sap, Cambodia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 25(3-4), 310-322.
  • Penny, D., Pottier, C., Fletcher, R., Barbetti, M., Fink, D., Hua, Q. (2006). Vegetation and land-use at Angkor, Cambodia: a dated pollen sequence from the Bakong temple moat. Antiquity, 80(3), 599-614.

2005

  • Penny, D., Pottier, C., Kummu, M., Fletcher, R., Zoppi, U., Barbetti, M., Somaneath, T. (2005). Hydrological history of the West Baray, Angkor, revealed through palynological analysis of sediments from the West Mebon. Bulletin de l'ecole Francaise d'extreme-Orient, 92(3), 497-521.
  • Penny, D., Cook, G., Sok, S. (2005). Long-term rates of sediment accumulation in the Tonle Sap, Cambodia: A threat to ecosystem health? Journal of Paleolimnology, 33(1), 95-103. [More Information]
  • Penny, D., Kealhofer, L. (2005). Microfossil evidence of land-use intensification in north Thailand. Journal of Archaeological Science, 32(1), 69-82. [More Information]

2004

  • Kershaw, A., Tibby, J., Penny, D., Yezdani, H., Walkley, R., Cook, E., Johnston, R. (2004). Latest Pleistocene And Holocene Vegetation And Environmental History Of The Western Plains Of Victoria, Australia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 116(1), 139-161.
  • Pickett, E., Harrison, S., Hope, G., Harle, K., Dodson, J., Kershaw, A., Prentice, I., Backhouse, J., Colhoun, E., D'Costa, D., Penny, D., et al (2004). Pollen-based reconstructions of biome distributions for Australia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific (SEAPAC region) at 0, 6000 and 18,000 (14)C yr BP. Journal of Biogeography, 31(9), 1381-1444.
  • White, J., Penny, D., Kealhofer, L., Maloney, B. (2004). Vegetation Changes From The Late Pleistocene Through The Holocene From Three Areas Of Archaeological Significance In Thailand. Quaternary International, 113(1), 111-132.

2003

  • Bishop, P., Penny, D., Stark, M., Marian, S. (2003). A 3.5 ka Record of Paleoenvironments and Human Occupation at Angkor Borei, Mekong Delta, Southern Cambodia. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, 18(3), 359-393. [More Information]
  • Fletcher, R., Barbetti, M., Evans, D., Than, H., Sokrithy, I., Chan, D., Penny, D., Pottier, C., Somaneath, T. (2003). Redefining Angkor: Structure and environment in the largest, low density urban complex of the pre-industrial world. Udaya Journal of Khmer Studies, 4, 107-121.

2002

  • Kershaw, P., David, B., Tapper, N., Penny, D., Brown, J. (2002). Bridging Wallace's Line: The Environmental and Cultural History and Dynamics of the Southeast Asian - Australian Region. Reiskirchen, Germany: Catena Verlag GMBH.

2001

  • Penny, D. (2001). A 40,000 year palynological record from north-east Thailand; implications for biogeography and palaeo-environmental reconstruction. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 171(3), 97-128.
  • van der Kaars, S., Penny, D., Tibby, J., Fluin, J., Dam, R., Suparan, P. (2001). Late Quaternary palaeoecology, palynology and palaeolimnology of a tropical lowland swamp: Rawa Danau, West-Java, Indonesia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 171(3), 185-212.
  • Kershaw, A., Penny, D., van der Kaars, S., Anshuri, G., Thamotherampillai, A. (2001). Vegetation and climate in lowland Southeast Asia at the Last Glacial Maximum. In Metcalfe, I., Smith, J.M.B., Morwood, M., Davidson, I. (Eds.), Faunal and floral migrations and evolution in Southeast Asia – Australasia. United States: CRC Press.

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