Associate Professor Glenda Wardle

A08 - Heydon-Laurence Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 7113
Fax +61 2 9351 4119

Website Room 319, A08 - Heydon-Laurence Building
DEERG

Research interests

My research focuses on the ecological and evolutionary processes that shape the spatial and temporal patterns of variation found in natural populations. On a conceptual level I want to combine our understanding of microevolutionary processes such as selection, genetic structure of populations, and gene flow, with the ecological processes of age structure, recruitment, dispersal, and dormancy. I have begun this work on life history variation by integrating studies of selection and demography to explain the coexistence of two life history types within populations of a short lived plant, Campanula americana . I used a matrix population model to quantify the contribution of winter annuals and biennials to the population growth rate and to evaluate the role of the soil seed bank .

My general approach to research involves combining field work in natural populations with greenhouse experiments and mathematical modeling. My current research is on the comparative demography of four native Australian species of Trachymene (Apiaceae) with life history types which include: annual, biennial or perennial. The projects which I have recently supervised include:

  1. The population biology, canopy seed bank dynamics and early seedling growth characteristics of two gymnosperm species: Callitris muelleri and Callitris rhomboidea.
  2. The distribution of four Banksia species in relation to a soil moisture gradient.
  3. The population biology and reproductive ecology of a rare and endangered species, Trachymene scapigera.

I am interested in supervising students who want to combine experimental and field based studies of native Australian plants or projects that combine a theoretical and an empirical approach to plant ecology or evolution.

In the media

Selected grants

2012

  • Population fluctuations: models. mechanisms and managment; Buckley Y, Blomberg S, Wardle G, Ehrlen J, Crone E; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • Desert Ecology Plot Network; Wardle G, Dickman C; Department of Industry, Innovation, Climate Change, Science, Research and Tertiary Education (Fed)/Research Support.

2010

  • Dynamic networks in a patchy landscape: will species interactions adjust to increased climatic extremes?; Dickman C, Wardle G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2007

  • Biodiversity enhancement in arid Australia: the importance of micro-refugia and biotic interactions; Dickman C, Wardle G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2004

  • Boom & bust: the role of fire & rain in driving the dynamics of seeds & rodents in arid Australia; Dickman C, Wardle G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2003

  • Pollination in an endangered ecological community nocturnal and diurnal pollinators of native parsnips at the Agnes Banks Woodland; Wardle G, Davila Y; Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales/Research Grant.
  • The effect of geographical variation in pollinators and an introduced pollinator on genetic diversity in a native herb Trachymeme incisa (Apiaceae); Wardle G; Australian Federation of University Women/Research Grant.
  • Medical research; Wardle G; NSW Health/Research Project Support.

2002

  • Assessment of the pollinator assemblage,floral display & reproductive output of Trachymene incisa at Myall Lakes National Park.; Wardle G; Linnean Society of NSW/Research Grant.
  • Ecological and evolutionary implications of variation in pollinator assemblages on Trachymene incisa subsp. Incisa (Apiaceae); Wardle G; Ecological Society of Australia/Research Grant.

2001

  • The extent of soil seed bank of epacris Purpurascens var. purpurascens at Dural; Zoete T, Wardle G; Environmental Resources Management Aust P/L/BLO Project.

2000

  • Unpredictable environments: a test of theoetical population models.; Wardle G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Small Grants.
  • The impact of rainfall on seed abundance and diversity in arid Australia; Dickman C, Wardle G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Small Grants.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Wardle, G. (2010). The story of our land revealed through plants. In Libby Robin, Chris Dickman and Mandy Martin (Eds.), Desert Channels: The Impulse to Conserve, (pp. 92-105). Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.

Journals

  • McIntosh, E., Rossetto, M., Weston, P., Wardle, G. (2014). Maintenance of strong morphological differentiation despite ongoing natural hybridization between sympatric species of Lomatia (Proteaceae). Annals of Botany, 113(5), 861-872. [More Information]
  • Renner, M., Brown, E., Wardle, G. (2013). Averaging v. outlier removal. Decrypting variance among cryptic Lejeunea species (Lejeuneaceae: Jungermanniopsida) using geometric morphometrics. Australian Systematic Botany, 26(1), 13-30. [More Information]
  • Tischler, M., Dickman, C., Wardle, G. (2013). Avian functional group responses to rainfall across four vegetation types in the Simpson Desert, central Australia. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 38(7), 809-819. [More Information]
  • Popic, T., Davila, Y., Wardle, G. (2013). Evaluation of Common Methods for Sampling Invertebrate Pollinator Assemblages: Net Sampling Out-Perform Pan Traps. PLoS One, 8(6), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Greenville, A., Wardle, G., Dickman, C. (2013). Extreme rainfall events predict irruptions of rat plagues in central Australia. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 38(7), 754-764. [More Information]
  • Popic, T., Wardle, G., Davila, Y. (2013). Flower-visitor networks only partially predict the function of pollen transport by bees. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 38(1), 76-86. [More Information]
  • Wardle, G., Pavey, C., Dickman, C. (2013). Greening of arid Australia: New insights from extreme years. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 38(7), 731-740. [More Information]
  • Frank, A., Dickman, C., Wardle, G., Greenville, A. (2013). Interactions of Grazing History, Cattle Removal and Time since Rain Drive Divergent Short-Term Responses by Desert Biota. PLoS One, 8(7), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Seabloom, E., Borer, E., Buckley, Y., Cleland, E., Davies, K., Firn, J., Harpole, W., Hautier, Y., Lind, E., Macdougall, A., Dickman, C., Wardle, G., et al (2013). Predicting invasion in grassland ecosystems: Is exotic dominance the real embarrassment of richness? Global Change Biology, 19(12), 3677-3687. [More Information]
  • Greenville, A., Wardle, G., Dickman, C. (2012). Extreme climatic events drive mammal irruptions: regression analysis of 100-year trends in desert rainfall and temperature. Ecology and Evolution, 2(11), 2645-2658. [More Information]
  • Frank, A., Dickman, C., Wardle, G. (2012). Habitat use and behaviour of cattle in a heterogeneous desert environment in central Australia. Rangeland Journal, 34(3), 319-328. [More Information]
  • Lindenmayer, D., Gibbons, P., Bourke, M., Burgman, M., Dickman, C., Ferrier, S., Fitzsimons, J., Freudenberger, D., Garnett, S., Groves, C., Wardle, G., et al (2012). Improving biodiversity monitoring. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 37(3), 285-294. [More Information]
  • Lindenmayer, D., Likens, G., Andersen, A., Bowman, D., Bull, C., Burns, E., Dickman, C., Hoffmann, A., Keith, D., Liddell, M., Wardle, G., et al (2012). Value of long-term ecological studies. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 37(7), 745-757. [More Information]
  • Morton, S., Smith, D., Dickman, C., Dunkerley, D., Friedel, M., McAllister, R., Reid, J., Roshier, D., Smith, M., Walsh, F., Wardle, G., et al (2011). A fresh framework for the ecology of arid Australia. Journal of Arid Environments, 75(4), 313-329. [More Information]
  • Gurevitch, J., Fox, G., Wardle, G., Inderjit, -., Taub, D. (2011). Emergent insights from the synthesis of conceptual frameworks for biological invasions. Ecology Letters.
  • Penman, T., Christie, F., Andersen, A., Bradstock, R., Cary, G., Henderson, M., Price, O., Tran, C., Wardle, G., Williams, R., et al (2011). Prescribed burning: How can it work to conserve the things we value? International Journal of Wildland Fire, 20(6), 721-733. [More Information]
  • Dickman, C., Greenville, A., Tamayo, B., Wardle, G. (2011). Spatial dynamics of small mammals in central Australian desert habitats: the role of drought refugia. Journal of Mammalogy, 92(6), 1193-1209. [More Information]
  • Renner, M., Brown, E., Wardle, G. (2011). The Lejeunea tumida species group is positively polyphyletic (Lejeuneaceae: Jungermanniopsida). Australian Systematic Botany, 24(1), 10-18. [More Information]
  • Emery, N., Offord, C., Wardle, G., Henwood, M., Overall, R. (2011). Variation in seed dormancy among populations of the fire-ephemeral flannel flower, Actinotus helianthi. Orbit: University of Sydney Undergraduate Research Journal, 2(1), 22-28.
  • Buckley, Y., Ramula, S., Blomberg, S., Burns, J., Crone, E., Ehrlen, J., Knight, T., Pichancourt, J., Quested, H., Wardle, G. (2010). Causes and consequences of variation in plant population growth rate: a synthesis of matrix population models in a phylogenetic context. Ecology Letters, 13(9), 1182-1197.
  • Burns, J., Blomberg, S., Crone, E., Ehrlen, J., Knight, T., Pichancourt, J., Ramula, S., Wardle, G., Buckley, Y. (2010). Empirical Tests of Life-History Evolution Theory using Phylogenetic Analysis of Plant Demography. Journal of Ecology, 98(2), 334-344. [More Information]
  • Dickman, C., Greenville, A., Beh, C., Tamayo, B., Wardle, G. (2010). Social organization and movements of desert rodents during population "booms" and "busts" in central Australia. Journal of Mammalogy, 91(4), 798-810.
  • Renner, M., Brown, E., Wardle, G. (2010). The Lejeunea tumida species group (Lejeuneaceae: Jungermanniopsida) in New Zealand. Australian Systematic Botany, 23(6), 443-462. [More Information]
  • Renner, M., Brown, E., Wardle, G. (2009). Evidence for species recognition on the basis of a single specimen: Nephelolejeunea carcharias sp. nov. (Lejeuneaceae: Jungermanniopsida). Systematic Botany, 34(4), 615-624.
  • Renner, M., Brown, E., Wardle, G. (2009). Lejeunea pocsii R.M.Schust. Is a heterotypic synonym of L. Helmsiana (Steph.) Steph. (Lejeuneaceae, Marchantiophyta). Nova Hedwigia: journal of cryptogamic science, 89(3-4), 335-348.
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2009). Pinus radiata invasion in New South Wales: the extent of spread. Plant Protection Quarterly, 24(4), 146-156.
  • Greenville, A., Dickman, C., Wardle, G., Letnic, M. (2009). The fire history of an arid grassland: the influence of antecedent rainfall and ENSO. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 18(6), 631-639.
  • Tierney, D., Wardle, G. (2008). The relative fitness of parental and hybrid Kunzea (Myrtaceae): The interaction of reproductive traits and ecological selection. American Journal of Botany: the journal for all plant biologists, 95(2), 146-155.
  • Davila, Y., Wardle, G. (2008). Variation in native pollinators in the absence of honeybees: implications for reproductive success of an Australian generalist-pollinated herb Trachymene incisa (Apiaceae). Linnean Society. Botanical Journal, 156(3), 479-490.
  • Davila, Y., Wardle, G. (2007). Bee boys and fly girls: Do pollinators prefer male or female umbels in protandrous parsnip, Trachymene incisa (Apiaceae)? Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 32(7), 798-807.
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2007). Pine and eucalypt litterfall in a pine-invaded eucalypt woodland: The role of fire and canopy cover. Forest Ecology and Management, 253(1-3), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2007). Pinus radiata invasion in Australia: Identifying key knowledge gaps and research directions. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 32(7), 721-739.
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2007). The spatial pattern of invading Pinus radiata. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 128(23), 111-122.
  • Divljan, A., Parry-Jones, K., Wardle, G. (2006). Age determination in the grey-headed flying fox. Journal of Wildlife Management, 70(2), 607-611.
  • Tierney, D., Wardle, G. (2005). Differential seed ecology in the shrubs Kunzea rupestris, K-capitata and associated hybrids (Myrtaceae): the function of thin-walled fruit in a fire-prone vegetation. Australian Journal of Botany, 53(4), 313-321.
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2005). The influence of vegetation structure and composition on invasibility by Pinus radiata in the Blue Mountains, NSW. Cunninghamia, 9(2), 285-294.
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2005). The invasion of two native Eucalypt forests by Pinus radiata in the Blue Mountains, New South Wales, Australia. Biological Conservation, 125(1), 55-64. [More Information]
  • Wardle, G. (2003). Experimental determination of seed emergence and carry-over in the soil seed bank of the herbaceous perennial, Trachymene incisa (Apiaceae). Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 28(2), 161-172.
  • Warton, D., Wardle, G. (2003). Site-to-site variation in the demography of a fire-affected perennial, Acacia suaveolens, at Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, New South Wales, Australia. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 28(1), 38-47.
  • Davila, Y., Wardle, G. (2002). Reproductive ecology of the Australian herb Trachymene incisa subsp. incisa (Apiaceae). Australian Journal of Botany, 50(5), 619-626.

Conferences

  • Divljan, A., Parry-Jones, K., Wardle, G. (2011). One hundred and forty days in the life of a flyingfox tooth-fairy: Estimating the age of pups using tooth eruption and replacement. Symposium on the Biology and Conservation of Australasian Bats, Mosman: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.
  • Divljan, A., Parry-Jones, K., Griffith, M., Whitney, J., Burton, N., Smith, C., Wardle, G. (2011). Practical solutions for capturing and processing Grey-headed Flying-foxes, Pteropus poliocephalus, based on a camp study at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney. Symposium on the Biology and Conservation of Australasian Bats, Mosman: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.

2014

  • McIntosh, E., Rossetto, M., Weston, P., Wardle, G. (2014). Maintenance of strong morphological differentiation despite ongoing natural hybridization between sympatric species of Lomatia (Proteaceae). Annals of Botany, 113(5), 861-872. [More Information]

2013

  • Renner, M., Brown, E., Wardle, G. (2013). Averaging v. outlier removal. Decrypting variance among cryptic Lejeunea species (Lejeuneaceae: Jungermanniopsida) using geometric morphometrics. Australian Systematic Botany, 26(1), 13-30. [More Information]
  • Tischler, M., Dickman, C., Wardle, G. (2013). Avian functional group responses to rainfall across four vegetation types in the Simpson Desert, central Australia. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 38(7), 809-819. [More Information]
  • Popic, T., Davila, Y., Wardle, G. (2013). Evaluation of Common Methods for Sampling Invertebrate Pollinator Assemblages: Net Sampling Out-Perform Pan Traps. PLoS One, 8(6), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Greenville, A., Wardle, G., Dickman, C. (2013). Extreme rainfall events predict irruptions of rat plagues in central Australia. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 38(7), 754-764. [More Information]
  • Popic, T., Wardle, G., Davila, Y. (2013). Flower-visitor networks only partially predict the function of pollen transport by bees. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 38(1), 76-86. [More Information]
  • Wardle, G., Pavey, C., Dickman, C. (2013). Greening of arid Australia: New insights from extreme years. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 38(7), 731-740. [More Information]
  • Frank, A., Dickman, C., Wardle, G., Greenville, A. (2013). Interactions of Grazing History, Cattle Removal and Time since Rain Drive Divergent Short-Term Responses by Desert Biota. PLoS One, 8(7), 1-13. [More Information]
  • Seabloom, E., Borer, E., Buckley, Y., Cleland, E., Davies, K., Firn, J., Harpole, W., Hautier, Y., Lind, E., Macdougall, A., Dickman, C., Wardle, G., et al (2013). Predicting invasion in grassland ecosystems: Is exotic dominance the real embarrassment of richness? Global Change Biology, 19(12), 3677-3687. [More Information]

2012

  • Greenville, A., Wardle, G., Dickman, C. (2012). Extreme climatic events drive mammal irruptions: regression analysis of 100-year trends in desert rainfall and temperature. Ecology and Evolution, 2(11), 2645-2658. [More Information]
  • Frank, A., Dickman, C., Wardle, G. (2012). Habitat use and behaviour of cattle in a heterogeneous desert environment in central Australia. Rangeland Journal, 34(3), 319-328. [More Information]
  • Lindenmayer, D., Gibbons, P., Bourke, M., Burgman, M., Dickman, C., Ferrier, S., Fitzsimons, J., Freudenberger, D., Garnett, S., Groves, C., Wardle, G., et al (2012). Improving biodiversity monitoring. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 37(3), 285-294. [More Information]
  • Lindenmayer, D., Likens, G., Andersen, A., Bowman, D., Bull, C., Burns, E., Dickman, C., Hoffmann, A., Keith, D., Liddell, M., Wardle, G., et al (2012). Value of long-term ecological studies. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 37(7), 745-757. [More Information]

2011

  • Morton, S., Smith, D., Dickman, C., Dunkerley, D., Friedel, M., McAllister, R., Reid, J., Roshier, D., Smith, M., Walsh, F., Wardle, G., et al (2011). A fresh framework for the ecology of arid Australia. Journal of Arid Environments, 75(4), 313-329. [More Information]
  • Gurevitch, J., Fox, G., Wardle, G., Inderjit, -., Taub, D. (2011). Emergent insights from the synthesis of conceptual frameworks for biological invasions. Ecology Letters.
  • Divljan, A., Parry-Jones, K., Wardle, G. (2011). One hundred and forty days in the life of a flyingfox tooth-fairy: Estimating the age of pups using tooth eruption and replacement. Symposium on the Biology and Conservation of Australasian Bats, Mosman: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.
  • Divljan, A., Parry-Jones, K., Griffith, M., Whitney, J., Burton, N., Smith, C., Wardle, G. (2011). Practical solutions for capturing and processing Grey-headed Flying-foxes, Pteropus poliocephalus, based on a camp study at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney. Symposium on the Biology and Conservation of Australasian Bats, Mosman: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.
  • Penman, T., Christie, F., Andersen, A., Bradstock, R., Cary, G., Henderson, M., Price, O., Tran, C., Wardle, G., Williams, R., et al (2011). Prescribed burning: How can it work to conserve the things we value? International Journal of Wildland Fire, 20(6), 721-733. [More Information]
  • Dickman, C., Greenville, A., Tamayo, B., Wardle, G. (2011). Spatial dynamics of small mammals in central Australian desert habitats: the role of drought refugia. Journal of Mammalogy, 92(6), 1193-1209. [More Information]
  • Renner, M., Brown, E., Wardle, G. (2011). The Lejeunea tumida species group is positively polyphyletic (Lejeuneaceae: Jungermanniopsida). Australian Systematic Botany, 24(1), 10-18. [More Information]
  • Emery, N., Offord, C., Wardle, G., Henwood, M., Overall, R. (2011). Variation in seed dormancy among populations of the fire-ephemeral flannel flower, Actinotus helianthi. Orbit: University of Sydney Undergraduate Research Journal, 2(1), 22-28.

2010

  • Buckley, Y., Ramula, S., Blomberg, S., Burns, J., Crone, E., Ehrlen, J., Knight, T., Pichancourt, J., Quested, H., Wardle, G. (2010). Causes and consequences of variation in plant population growth rate: a synthesis of matrix population models in a phylogenetic context. Ecology Letters, 13(9), 1182-1197.
  • Burns, J., Blomberg, S., Crone, E., Ehrlen, J., Knight, T., Pichancourt, J., Ramula, S., Wardle, G., Buckley, Y. (2010). Empirical Tests of Life-History Evolution Theory using Phylogenetic Analysis of Plant Demography. Journal of Ecology, 98(2), 334-344. [More Information]
  • Dickman, C., Greenville, A., Beh, C., Tamayo, B., Wardle, G. (2010). Social organization and movements of desert rodents during population "booms" and "busts" in central Australia. Journal of Mammalogy, 91(4), 798-810.
  • Renner, M., Brown, E., Wardle, G. (2010). The Lejeunea tumida species group (Lejeuneaceae: Jungermanniopsida) in New Zealand. Australian Systematic Botany, 23(6), 443-462. [More Information]
  • Wardle, G. (2010). The story of our land revealed through plants. In Libby Robin, Chris Dickman and Mandy Martin (Eds.), Desert Channels: The Impulse to Conserve, (pp. 92-105). Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.

2009

  • Renner, M., Brown, E., Wardle, G. (2009). Evidence for species recognition on the basis of a single specimen: Nephelolejeunea carcharias sp. nov. (Lejeuneaceae: Jungermanniopsida). Systematic Botany, 34(4), 615-624.
  • Renner, M., Brown, E., Wardle, G. (2009). Lejeunea pocsii R.M.Schust. Is a heterotypic synonym of L. Helmsiana (Steph.) Steph. (Lejeuneaceae, Marchantiophyta). Nova Hedwigia: journal of cryptogamic science, 89(3-4), 335-348.
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2009). Pinus radiata invasion in New South Wales: the extent of spread. Plant Protection Quarterly, 24(4), 146-156.
  • Greenville, A., Dickman, C., Wardle, G., Letnic, M. (2009). The fire history of an arid grassland: the influence of antecedent rainfall and ENSO. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 18(6), 631-639.

2008

  • Tierney, D., Wardle, G. (2008). The relative fitness of parental and hybrid Kunzea (Myrtaceae): The interaction of reproductive traits and ecological selection. American Journal of Botany: the journal for all plant biologists, 95(2), 146-155.
  • Davila, Y., Wardle, G. (2008). Variation in native pollinators in the absence of honeybees: implications for reproductive success of an Australian generalist-pollinated herb Trachymene incisa (Apiaceae). Linnean Society. Botanical Journal, 156(3), 479-490.

2007

  • Davila, Y., Wardle, G. (2007). Bee boys and fly girls: Do pollinators prefer male or female umbels in protandrous parsnip, Trachymene incisa (Apiaceae)? Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 32(7), 798-807.
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2007). Pine and eucalypt litterfall in a pine-invaded eucalypt woodland: The role of fire and canopy cover. Forest Ecology and Management, 253(1-3), 1-10. [More Information]
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2007). Pinus radiata invasion in Australia: Identifying key knowledge gaps and research directions. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 32(7), 721-739.
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2007). The spatial pattern of invading Pinus radiata. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 128(23), 111-122.

2006

  • Divljan, A., Parry-Jones, K., Wardle, G. (2006). Age determination in the grey-headed flying fox. Journal of Wildlife Management, 70(2), 607-611.

2005

  • Tierney, D., Wardle, G. (2005). Differential seed ecology in the shrubs Kunzea rupestris, K-capitata and associated hybrids (Myrtaceae): the function of thin-walled fruit in a fire-prone vegetation. Australian Journal of Botany, 53(4), 313-321.
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2005). The influence of vegetation structure and composition on invasibility by Pinus radiata in the Blue Mountains, NSW. Cunninghamia, 9(2), 285-294.
  • Williams, M., Wardle, G. (2005). The invasion of two native Eucalypt forests by Pinus radiata in the Blue Mountains, New South Wales, Australia. Biological Conservation, 125(1), 55-64. [More Information]

2003

  • Wardle, G. (2003). Experimental determination of seed emergence and carry-over in the soil seed bank of the herbaceous perennial, Trachymene incisa (Apiaceae). Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 28(2), 161-172.
  • Warton, D., Wardle, G. (2003). Site-to-site variation in the demography of a fire-affected perennial, Acacia suaveolens, at Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, New South Wales, Australia. Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 28(1), 38-47.

2002

  • Davila, Y., Wardle, G. (2002). Reproductive ecology of the Australian herb Trachymene incisa subsp. incisa (Apiaceae). Australian Journal of Botany, 50(5), 619-626.

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