Associate Professor Hans Pols

F07 - Carslaw Building
The University of Sydney


Biographical details

Hans Pols is interested in the history, sociology, and anthropology of medicine. He currently focuses on the history of colonial and postcolonial medicine in Southeast Asia. The history and sociology of psychiatry holds his special interest.

Research interests

Hans is currently engaged in a research project on the history of medicine in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia. He currently focuses on the roles Indonesian physicians have played in the social, cultural, and political movements in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia in the 1950s. He is also researching the nature of Indonesian herbal medicine or jamu and the way it relates to modern medicine.

Hans has a special interest in the history of psychiatry. He has published on the history of the American mental hygiene movement, the treatment of war neurosis in the armed forces of Australia, the UK, and the USA during World War II, and the history of colonial psychiatry.

Selected grants

2014

  • Imagining Indonesian psychiatry: Past, present, and future; Pols H, Good B, Good M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2013

  • NETWORK FOR ORGANS, BODIES AND TISSUES (NBOT); Stewart C, Anderson W, Cashman P, Cooper M, Griffiths P, Hooker L, Jordens C, Kerridge I, Lupton D, Magnusson R, Michael M, Pols H, Race K, Salkeld G, Savell K, Scott Bray R, Shewan L, Waldby C; DVC Research/Research Network Scheme (SyReNS).

2011

  • The Development of Indonesias political culture of health: The Soekarno years, 1949 - 1967; Neelakantan V, Pols H; Australia - Netherlands Research Collaboration/Research Support.

2010

  • Health and Medicine in the Dutch East Indies: Medical Research, Health Programs, and Colonial Networks of Mediation; Pols H; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2006

  • Australia - Netherlands Exchange Program; Pols H; Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia/Research Grant.

2005

  • Curriculum Development Grant; Pols H; United States National Library of Medicine/Curriculum Development Grant.
  • Mental breakdown, medicine, and recovery in the Australian Army in World War II; Pols H; Department of Defence/Army History Research Grants Scheme.

2004

  • War trauma & rehabilitation: the armypsychiatry and World War II; Pols H; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2003

  • Colonial Psychiatry in the Former Dutch East Indies, 1850-1948; Pols H; DVC Research/Research and Development Scheme: Newly Appointed Staff (NAS).
  • Medical Research and Medical Education in the former Dutch East Indies; Pols H; Rockefeller Archive Center/Research Grant.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Pols, H., Monnais, L. (2014). Health and Disease in the Colonies: Medicine in the Age of Empire. In Robert Aldrich, Kirsten McKenzie (Eds.), The Routledge History of Western Empires, (pp. 270-284). Oxon, United Kingdom: Routledge.
  • Pols, H. (2013). Health and Medicine in Indonesia: Ideas and Practices from East and West. In Frank Dhont, Tracy Wright Webster, Rommel A. Curaming (Eds.), Between the Mountain and the Sea:Positioning Indonesia, (pp. 367-387). Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
  • Anderson, W., Pols, H. (2012). Scientific patriotism: Medical Science and National Self-Fashioning in Southeast Asia (Reprint). In AW McCoy, JM Fradera & S Jacobson (Eds.), Endless Empire: Spain's Retreat, Europe's Eclipse, America's Decline, (pp. 265-272). Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press.
  • Pols, H. (2011). The Totem Vanishes, the Hordes Revolt: A Psychoanalytic Interpretation of the Indonesian Struggle for Independence. In Warwick Anderson, Deborah Jenson and Richard C. Keller (Eds.), Unconscious Dominions: Psychoanalysis, Colonial Trauma, and Global Sovereignties, (pp. 141-165). Durham, UK: Duke University Press.
  • Pols, H. (2010). "Beyond Clinical Frontiers": The American Mental Hygiene Movement, 1910-1945. In V. Roelcke, P.J. Weindling and L. Westwood (Eds.), International Relations in Psychiatry: Britain, Germany, and the United States to World War II, (pp. 111-133). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.
  • Storey, C., Pols, H. (2010). A history of cerebrovascular disease. In Stanley Finger, Francois Boller, Kenneth Tyler (Eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology: History of Neurology, (pp. 401-415). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Pols, H. (2010). Die Militäroperation in Tunesien 1942/43 Und Die Neuorientierung Der US-Amerikanischen Militärpsychiatrie. In H von Babette Quinkert, P Rauh & U Winkler (Eds.), Krieg Und Psychiatrie, 1914-1950 (War and psychiatry 1914 - 1950), (pp. 129-152). Germany: Wallstein Verlag.
  • Pols, H. (2010). Eugenics in the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies. In Alison Bashford and Philippa Levine (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics, (pp. 347-362). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Pols, H. (2008). Psychology. In S. Gopal, S.L.Tikhvinsky (Eds.), History of Humanity: Scientific and Cultural Developement - Volume VII - The Twentieth Century, (pp. 340-349). Abingdon, UK: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Pols, H. (2007). The Nature of the Native Mind: Contested Views of Dutch Colonial Psychiatrists in the Former Dutch East Indies. In Sloan Malone and Megan Vaughan (Eds.), Psychiatry and Empire, (pp. 172-196). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Journals

  • Pols, H. (2013). Commentary: The chelmsford scandal-reflection on physicians doing wrong. Australasian Psychiatry, 21(3), 216-219. [More Information]
  • Pols, H., Oaks, S. (2013). Physician-assisted dying and psychiatry: Recent developments in the Netherlands. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 36(5-6), 506-514. [More Information]
  • Pols, H. (2012). Notes from Batavia, the Europeans' Graveyard: The Nineteenth-Century Debate on Acclimatisation in the Dutch East Indies. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 67(1), 120-148. [More Information]
  • Anderson, W., Pols, H. (2012). Scientific Patriotism: Medical Science and National Self-Fashioning in Southeast Asia. Comparative Studies in Society and History: an international quarterly, 54(1), 93-113. [More Information]
  • Pols, H. (2012). The Psychiatrist as Administrator: The Career of W.F. Theunissen in the Dutch East Indies. Health and History, 14(1), 143-164.
  • Pols, H. (2011). Emil Kraepelin on cultural and ethnic factors in mental illness. Psychiatric Times, 28(8), 1-6.
  • Pols, H. (2011). The Tunisian Campaign, War Neuroses, and the Reorientation of American Psychiatry During World War II. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 19(6), 313-320. [More Information]
  • Pols, H. (2009). European Physicians and Botanists, Indigenous Herbal Medicine in the Dutch East Indies, and Colonial Networks of Mediation. East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal, 3, 173-208. [More Information]
  • Pols, H. (2009). Re-Minding the Dutch. Bijdragen en Mededelingen Betreffende de Geschiedenis der Nederlanden - The Low Countries Historical Review, 124(2), 217-224.
  • Robertson, M., Pols, H., Walter, G. (2008). Part 1: Conceptual Issues and the Case of Argentine Psychiatry. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health, 3(1), 1-5.
  • Robertson, M., Pols, H., Walter, G. (2008). The Social Construction of Values and the Psychiatric Profession. Part 1: Conceptual Issues and the Case of Argentine Psychiatry. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health, 3(1), 1-5.
  • Pols, H. (2007). August Hollingshead and Frederick Redlich: Poverty, Socioeconomic Status and Mental Illness. American Journal of Public Health, 97(10), 1755-1755.
  • Pols, H. (2007). Book review: Lynette A. Jachson. Surfacing up: Psychiatry and social order in colonial Zimbabwe, 1908-1968. Isis: international review devoted to the history of science and its cultural influences, 98(2), 405-406.
  • Pols, H. (2007). Frankwood E. Williams: finding a way in mental hygiene. 1930. American Journal of Public Health, 97(4), 618-618.
  • Pols, H. (2007). Psychological knowledge in a colonial context: Theories on the nature of the "Native Mind" in the former Dutch East Indies. History of Psychology, 10(2), 111-131.
  • Pols, H., Oak, S. (2007). War and Military Mental Health: The US Psychiatric Response in the Twentieth Century. American Journal of Public Health, 97(12 (2007)), 2132-2142.
  • Pols, H. (2007). War Neurosis, Adjustment Problems in Veterans, and an Ill Nation: The Disciplinary Project of American Psychiatry During and after World War II. Osiris, 22, 72-92.
  • Hooker, L., Pols, H. (2006). Health, Medicine and the Media. Health and History, 8(2), 1-13.
  • Pols, H. (2006). The development of psychiatry in Indonesia: From colonial to modern times. International Review of Psychiatry, 18(4), 363-370.
  • Pols, H. (2006). Waking up to Shell Shock: Psychiatry in the US Military During World War II. Endeavour, 30(4), 144-149. [More Information]
  • Pols, H. (2005). Biomedical platforms: Realigning the normal and the pathological in late-twentieth-century. Minerva, 43(3), 331-334.
  • Pols, H. (2004). War, Trauma, and Psychiatry. Australian Review of Public Affairs, , 1-5.
  • Pols, H. (2003). Anomie in the metropolis: The city in American sociology and psychiatry. Osiris, 18, 194-211.
  • Pols, H. (2003). Een leven dat zichzelf herschreef : Clifford w. Beers en de beweging woor de geestelijke hygiene - 'A life that rewrote itself: Clifford W. Beers and mental hygiene movement'. Maandblad Geestelijke volksgezondheid, 58(7/8), 692-704.
  • Pols, H. (2002). Between the Laboratory and Life: Child Development Research in Toronto. History of Psychology, 5(2), 135-162.
  • Pols, H. (2002). Geloof, hoop en psychologie: Hoe mentale hygiëne geetelijke gezondheid werd : Faith, Hope, and Psychology: How Mental Hygiene Turned into Mental Health. Groniek: Gronings historisch tijdschrift, (155), 181-194.
  • Pols, H. (2001). Divergences in American Psychiatry during the Depression: Somatic Psychiatry, Community Mental Hygiene, and Social Reconstruction. Journal of the History of the Behavorial Sciences, , 369-388.

Conferences

  • Pols, H. (2006). Non-Government Organisations in Mental Health Care: Fifty Years of Development and Change. The Medical History Symposium and Witness Seminar of the Australian and New Zealand Society of the History of Medicine, South Launceston, Tasmania: Myola House of Publishing.

Magazine / Newspaper Articles

  • Pols, H. (2010). The triumph of traditional Indonesian medicine. Inside Indonesia, 100.

2014

  • Pols, H., Monnais, L. (2014). Health and Disease in the Colonies: Medicine in the Age of Empire. In Robert Aldrich, Kirsten McKenzie (Eds.), The Routledge History of Western Empires, (pp. 270-284). Oxon, United Kingdom: Routledge.

2013

  • Pols, H. (2013). Commentary: The chelmsford scandal-reflection on physicians doing wrong. Australasian Psychiatry, 21(3), 216-219. [More Information]
  • Pols, H. (2013). Health and Medicine in Indonesia: Ideas and Practices from East and West. In Frank Dhont, Tracy Wright Webster, Rommel A. Curaming (Eds.), Between the Mountain and the Sea:Positioning Indonesia, (pp. 367-387). Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
  • Pols, H., Oaks, S. (2013). Physician-assisted dying and psychiatry: Recent developments in the Netherlands. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 36(5-6), 506-514. [More Information]

2012

  • Pols, H. (2012). Notes from Batavia, the Europeans' Graveyard: The Nineteenth-Century Debate on Acclimatisation in the Dutch East Indies. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 67(1), 120-148. [More Information]
  • Anderson, W., Pols, H. (2012). Scientific Patriotism: Medical Science and National Self-Fashioning in Southeast Asia. Comparative Studies in Society and History: an international quarterly, 54(1), 93-113. [More Information]
  • Anderson, W., Pols, H. (2012). Scientific patriotism: Medical Science and National Self-Fashioning in Southeast Asia (Reprint). In AW McCoy, JM Fradera & S Jacobson (Eds.), Endless Empire: Spain's Retreat, Europe's Eclipse, America's Decline, (pp. 265-272). Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press.
  • Pols, H. (2012). The Psychiatrist as Administrator: The Career of W.F. Theunissen in the Dutch East Indies. Health and History, 14(1), 143-164.

2011

  • Pols, H. (2011). Emil Kraepelin on cultural and ethnic factors in mental illness. Psychiatric Times, 28(8), 1-6.
  • Pols, H. (2011). The Totem Vanishes, the Hordes Revolt: A Psychoanalytic Interpretation of the Indonesian Struggle for Independence. In Warwick Anderson, Deborah Jenson and Richard C. Keller (Eds.), Unconscious Dominions: Psychoanalysis, Colonial Trauma, and Global Sovereignties, (pp. 141-165). Durham, UK: Duke University Press.
  • Pols, H. (2011). The Tunisian Campaign, War Neuroses, and the Reorientation of American Psychiatry During World War II. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 19(6), 313-320. [More Information]

2010

  • Pols, H. (2010). "Beyond Clinical Frontiers": The American Mental Hygiene Movement, 1910-1945. In V. Roelcke, P.J. Weindling and L. Westwood (Eds.), International Relations in Psychiatry: Britain, Germany, and the United States to World War II, (pp. 111-133). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.
  • Storey, C., Pols, H. (2010). A history of cerebrovascular disease. In Stanley Finger, Francois Boller, Kenneth Tyler (Eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology: History of Neurology, (pp. 401-415). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Pols, H. (2010). Die Militäroperation in Tunesien 1942/43 Und Die Neuorientierung Der US-Amerikanischen Militärpsychiatrie. In H von Babette Quinkert, P Rauh & U Winkler (Eds.), Krieg Und Psychiatrie, 1914-1950 (War and psychiatry 1914 - 1950), (pp. 129-152). Germany: Wallstein Verlag.
  • Pols, H. (2010). Eugenics in the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies. In Alison Bashford and Philippa Levine (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics, (pp. 347-362). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Pols, H. (2010). The triumph of traditional Indonesian medicine. Inside Indonesia, 100.

2009

  • Pols, H. (2009). European Physicians and Botanists, Indigenous Herbal Medicine in the Dutch East Indies, and Colonial Networks of Mediation. East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal, 3, 173-208. [More Information]
  • Pols, H. (2009). Re-Minding the Dutch. Bijdragen en Mededelingen Betreffende de Geschiedenis der Nederlanden - The Low Countries Historical Review, 124(2), 217-224.

2008

  • Robertson, M., Pols, H., Walter, G. (2008). Part 1: Conceptual Issues and the Case of Argentine Psychiatry. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health, 3(1), 1-5.
  • Pols, H. (2008). Psychology. In S. Gopal, S.L.Tikhvinsky (Eds.), History of Humanity: Scientific and Cultural Developement - Volume VII - The Twentieth Century, (pp. 340-349). Abingdon, UK: Routledge imprint of Taylor & Francis.
  • Robertson, M., Pols, H., Walter, G. (2008). The Social Construction of Values and the Psychiatric Profession. Part 1: Conceptual Issues and the Case of Argentine Psychiatry. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health, 3(1), 1-5.

2007

  • Pols, H. (2007). August Hollingshead and Frederick Redlich: Poverty, Socioeconomic Status and Mental Illness. American Journal of Public Health, 97(10), 1755-1755.
  • Pols, H. (2007). Book review: Lynette A. Jachson. Surfacing up: Psychiatry and social order in colonial Zimbabwe, 1908-1968. Isis: international review devoted to the history of science and its cultural influences, 98(2), 405-406.
  • Pols, H. (2007). Frankwood E. Williams: finding a way in mental hygiene. 1930. American Journal of Public Health, 97(4), 618-618.
  • Pols, H. (2007). Psychological knowledge in a colonial context: Theories on the nature of the "Native Mind" in the former Dutch East Indies. History of Psychology, 10(2), 111-131.
  • Pols, H. (2007). The Nature of the Native Mind: Contested Views of Dutch Colonial Psychiatrists in the Former Dutch East Indies. In Sloan Malone and Megan Vaughan (Eds.), Psychiatry and Empire, (pp. 172-196). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Pols, H., Oak, S. (2007). War and Military Mental Health: The US Psychiatric Response in the Twentieth Century. American Journal of Public Health, 97(12 (2007)), 2132-2142.
  • Pols, H. (2007). War Neurosis, Adjustment Problems in Veterans, and an Ill Nation: The Disciplinary Project of American Psychiatry During and after World War II. Osiris, 22, 72-92.

2006

  • Hooker, L., Pols, H. (2006). Health, Medicine and the Media. Health and History, 8(2), 1-13.
  • Pols, H. (2006). Non-Government Organisations in Mental Health Care: Fifty Years of Development and Change. The Medical History Symposium and Witness Seminar of the Australian and New Zealand Society of the History of Medicine, South Launceston, Tasmania: Myola House of Publishing.
  • Pols, H. (2006). The development of psychiatry in Indonesia: From colonial to modern times. International Review of Psychiatry, 18(4), 363-370.
  • Pols, H. (2006). Waking up to Shell Shock: Psychiatry in the US Military During World War II. Endeavour, 30(4), 144-149. [More Information]

2005

  • Pols, H. (2005). Biomedical platforms: Realigning the normal and the pathological in late-twentieth-century. Minerva, 43(3), 331-334.

2004

  • Pols, H. (2004). War, Trauma, and Psychiatry. Australian Review of Public Affairs, , 1-5.

2003

  • Pols, H. (2003). Anomie in the metropolis: The city in American sociology and psychiatry. Osiris, 18, 194-211.
  • Pols, H. (2003). Een leven dat zichzelf herschreef : Clifford w. Beers en de beweging woor de geestelijke hygiene - 'A life that rewrote itself: Clifford W. Beers and mental hygiene movement'. Maandblad Geestelijke volksgezondheid, 58(7/8), 692-704.

2002

  • Pols, H. (2002). Between the Laboratory and Life: Child Development Research in Toronto. History of Psychology, 5(2), 135-162.
  • Pols, H. (2002). Geloof, hoop en psychologie: Hoe mentale hygiëne geetelijke gezondheid werd : Faith, Hope, and Psychology: How Mental Hygiene Turned into Mental Health. Groniek: Gronings historisch tijdschrift, (155), 181-194.

2001

  • Pols, H. (2001). Divergences in American Psychiatry during the Depression: Somatic Psychiatry, Community Mental Hygiene, and Social Reconstruction. Journal of the History of the Behavorial Sciences, , 369-388.

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