student profile: Ms Jemma Todd


Map

Thesis work

Thesis title: Exploring the role of attention and interpretation biases in understanding and treating pain

Supervisors: Ben COLAGIURI , Louise SHARPE

Thesis abstract:

The processes that lead to the development and maintenance of chronic pain are still not well understood, however prominent theories and growing empirical research indicate that cognitive processes are likely to be relevant to pain. The aim of this thesis was therefore to investigate the role of attentional bias and interpretation bias in the experience of pain. Chapter 2 presents a meta-analysis of dot-probe studies investigating whether attentional biases exist, and found attentional biases towards sensory pain words for chronic pain patients compared to healthy individuals. Chapter 3 presents a systematic review investigating the clinical relevance of attentional bias to pain through prospective and intervention research. This review found that changes in pain outcomes occur when attentional biases are successfully modified, and that avoidance of affective pain information appears particularly relevant for pain chronicity. This review formed the basis for a new theory, the threat interpretation model, which proposes a specific pattern of attentional bias dependent on threat interpretation. This model was tested experimentally. Chapters 4 and 5 explored the effect of threat on interpretation bias, attentional bias and pain using different paradigms accompanied by eye-tracking. Chapter 6 tested an attentional bias modification (ABM) procedure using a randomised controlled trial design. Together, the results suggest that avoidance of affective pain words predicts pain outcomes and can be modified, however mechanisms of change were not established. Overall, attentional biases appear important for pain; sensory pain biases are most reliably detected although avoidance of affective pain information may be more clinically relevant to pain development and maintenance. The clinical and theoretical implications of this research will be beneficial in advancing this field, so that novel interventions can be developed to improve the experience of pain.

Selected publications

Download citations: PDF RTF Endnote

Journals

  • Todd, J., van Lettow, B. (2016). A closer look at prototypes: similarity, favourability, and the prototype willingness model. A response to the commentary of Gibbons and Gerrard. Health Psychology Review, 10(1), 47-49. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Sharpe, L., Colagiuri, B. (2016). Attentional bias modification and pain: The role of sensory and affective stimuli. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 83, 53-61. [More Information]
  • Andrew, B., Mullan, B., de Wit, J., Monds, L., Todd, J., Kothe, E. (2016). Does the Theory of Planned Behaviour Explain Condom Use Behaviour Among Men Who have Sex with Men? A Meta-analytic Review of the Literature. AIDS and Behavior, 20(12), 2834-2844. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Kothe, E., Mullan, B., Monds, L. (2016). Reasoned versus reactive prediction of behaviour: a meta-analysis of the prototype willingness model. Health Psychology Review, 10(1), 1-24. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Sharpe, L., Colagiuri, B., Khatibi, A. (2016). The effect of threat on cognitive biases and pain outcomes: An eye-tracking study. European Journal of Pain, 20(8), 1357-1368. [More Information]
  • MacCann, C., Todd, J., Mullan, B., Roberts, R. (2015). Can personality bridge the intention-behavior gap to predict who will exercise? American Journal of Health Behavior, 39(1), 140-147. [More Information]
  • Mullan, B., Wong, C., Todd, J., Davis, E., Kothe, E. (2015). Food hygiene knowledge in adolescents and young adults. British Food Journal, 117(1), 50-61. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Sharpe, L., Johnson, A., Nicholson-Perry, K., Colagiuri, B., Dear, B. (2015). Towards a new model of attentional biases in the development, maintenance and management of pain. Pain, 156(9), 1589-1600. [More Information]
  • Robertson, A., Mullan, B., Todd, J. (2014). A qualitative exploration of experiences of overweight young and older adults. An application of the integrated behaviour model. Appetite, 75, 157-164. [More Information]
  • Mullan, B., Todd, J., Chatzisarantis, N., Hagger, M. (2014). Experimental methods in health psychology in Australia: Implications for applied research. Australian Psychologist, 49(2), 104-109. [More Information]
  • Mullan, B., Allom, V., Brogan, A., Kothe, E., Todd, J. (2014). Self-regulation and the intention behaviour gap. Exploring dietary behaviours in university students. Appetite, 73, 7-14. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Mullan, B. (2014). The role of self-monitoring and response inhibition in improving sleep behaviours. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21(3), 470-477. [More Information]
  • MacPhail, M., Mullan, B., Sharpe, L., MacCann, C., Todd, J. (2014). Using the health action process approach to predict and improve health outcomes in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 7, 469-479. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Mullan, B. (2013). The role of self-regulation in predicting sleep hygiene in university students. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 18(3), 275-288. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Mullan, B. (2011). Using the theory of planned behaviour and prototype willingness model to target binge drinking in female undergraduate university students. Addictive Behaviors, 36(10), 980-986. [More Information]

2016

  • Todd, J., van Lettow, B. (2016). A closer look at prototypes: similarity, favourability, and the prototype willingness model. A response to the commentary of Gibbons and Gerrard. Health Psychology Review, 10(1), 47-49. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Sharpe, L., Colagiuri, B. (2016). Attentional bias modification and pain: The role of sensory and affective stimuli. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 83, 53-61. [More Information]
  • Andrew, B., Mullan, B., de Wit, J., Monds, L., Todd, J., Kothe, E. (2016). Does the Theory of Planned Behaviour Explain Condom Use Behaviour Among Men Who have Sex with Men? A Meta-analytic Review of the Literature. AIDS and Behavior, 20(12), 2834-2844. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Kothe, E., Mullan, B., Monds, L. (2016). Reasoned versus reactive prediction of behaviour: a meta-analysis of the prototype willingness model. Health Psychology Review, 10(1), 1-24. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Sharpe, L., Colagiuri, B., Khatibi, A. (2016). The effect of threat on cognitive biases and pain outcomes: An eye-tracking study. European Journal of Pain, 20(8), 1357-1368. [More Information]

2015

  • MacCann, C., Todd, J., Mullan, B., Roberts, R. (2015). Can personality bridge the intention-behavior gap to predict who will exercise? American Journal of Health Behavior, 39(1), 140-147. [More Information]
  • Mullan, B., Wong, C., Todd, J., Davis, E., Kothe, E. (2015). Food hygiene knowledge in adolescents and young adults. British Food Journal, 117(1), 50-61. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Sharpe, L., Johnson, A., Nicholson-Perry, K., Colagiuri, B., Dear, B. (2015). Towards a new model of attentional biases in the development, maintenance and management of pain. Pain, 156(9), 1589-1600. [More Information]

2014

  • Robertson, A., Mullan, B., Todd, J. (2014). A qualitative exploration of experiences of overweight young and older adults. An application of the integrated behaviour model. Appetite, 75, 157-164. [More Information]
  • Mullan, B., Todd, J., Chatzisarantis, N., Hagger, M. (2014). Experimental methods in health psychology in Australia: Implications for applied research. Australian Psychologist, 49(2), 104-109. [More Information]
  • Mullan, B., Allom, V., Brogan, A., Kothe, E., Todd, J. (2014). Self-regulation and the intention behaviour gap. Exploring dietary behaviours in university students. Appetite, 73, 7-14. [More Information]
  • Todd, J., Mullan, B. (2014). The role of self-monitoring and response inhibition in improving sleep behaviours. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21(3), 470-477. [More Information]
  • MacPhail, M., Mullan, B., Sharpe, L., MacCann, C., Todd, J. (2014). Using the health action process approach to predict and improve health outcomes in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 7, 469-479. [More Information]

2013

  • Todd, J., Mullan, B. (2013). The role of self-regulation in predicting sleep hygiene in university students. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 18(3), 275-288. [More Information]

2011

  • Todd, J., Mullan, B. (2011). Using the theory of planned behaviour and prototype willingness model to target binge drinking in female undergraduate university students. Addictive Behaviors, 36(10), 980-986. [More Information]

Note: This profile is for a student at the University of Sydney. Views presented here are not necessarily those of the University.