student profile: Miss Monica Nour


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Thesis work

Thesis title: Using social media and mobile gaming to improve the vegetable intake of young adults

Supervisors: Robyn MCCONCHIE , Margaret ALLMAN-FARINELLI

Thesis abstract:

Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend five servings of vegetables daily for prevention of chronic disease, but only 7% of adults achieve this. The initial stages of this thesis involved secondary analysis of the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey data. Results showed young adults aged 18-24 years were the poorest consumers of vegetables, with mean intake of 2.7 serves daily. To inform the design of a targeted intervention using new technology the PhD candidate systematically reviewed the literature and found mobile-phone based interventions have positive effects on vegetable consumption (Cohen’s d 0.15,95% CI 0.04–0.28). Notably, engagement was low among young adults and few studies harnessed novel strategies such as social media or gamification for program delivery. Yet 95% of young adults own a smartphone and 91% use their device for game play or social networking. The final stage of this thesis involved the development of a social media and mobile-gaming intervention underpinned by behavioural theory, to addresses key barriers to, and psychosocial determinants of, vegetable intake. Behaviour change techniques demonstrated to mediate success, such as goal setting, self-monitoring and provision of tailored feedback were integrated. Short mobile-phone delivered cooking videos were developed to address the low level of cooking literacy among this age group, with focus group testing confirming their acceptability among the target audience. The effectiveness of the intervention in maintaining engagement of young adults and improving vegetable intake will be measured in randomized comparison study in 2017. If effective, using this technology could allow for the widespread dissemination of the vegetable intervention in a low-cost, accessible, engaging, and age-appropriate manner.«br /»

Selected publications

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Journals

  • Nour, M., Rouf, A., Allman-Farinelli, M. (2018). Exploring young adult perspectives on the use of gamification and social media in a smartphone platform for improving vegetable intake. Appetite, 120, 547-556. [More Information]
  • Nour, M., Sui, Z., Grech, A., Rangan, A., McGeechan, K., Allman-Farinelli, M. (2017). The fruit and vegetable intake of young Australian adults: a population perspective. Public Health Nutrition, 20(14), 2499-2512. [More Information]
  • Nour, M., Chen, J., Allman-Farinelli, M. (2016). Efficacy and External Validity of Electronic and Mobile Phone-Based Interventions Promoting Vegetable Intake in Young Adults: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 18(4), 1-19. [More Information]
  • Nour, M., McGeechan, K., Wong, A., Partridge, S., Balestracci, K., Roy, R., Hebden, L., Allman-Farinelli, M. (2015). Diet Quality of Young Adults Enrolling in TXT2BFiT, a Mobile Phone-Based Healthy Lifestyle Intervention. JMIR Research Protocols, 4(2), 1-12. [More Information]
  • Nour, M., Chen, J., Allman-Farinelli, M. (2015). Efficacy and External Validity of Electronic and Mobile Phone-Based Interventions Promoting Vegetable Intake in Young Adults: A Systematic Review Protocol. JMIR Research Protocols, 4(3), 1-7. [More Information]

2018

  • Nour, M., Rouf, A., Allman-Farinelli, M. (2018). Exploring young adult perspectives on the use of gamification and social media in a smartphone platform for improving vegetable intake. Appetite, 120, 547-556. [More Information]

2017

  • Nour, M., Sui, Z., Grech, A., Rangan, A., McGeechan, K., Allman-Farinelli, M. (2017). The fruit and vegetable intake of young Australian adults: a population perspective. Public Health Nutrition, 20(14), 2499-2512. [More Information]

2016

  • Nour, M., Chen, J., Allman-Farinelli, M. (2016). Efficacy and External Validity of Electronic and Mobile Phone-Based Interventions Promoting Vegetable Intake in Young Adults: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 18(4), 1-19. [More Information]

2015

  • Nour, M., McGeechan, K., Wong, A., Partridge, S., Balestracci, K., Roy, R., Hebden, L., Allman-Farinelli, M. (2015). Diet Quality of Young Adults Enrolling in TXT2BFiT, a Mobile Phone-Based Healthy Lifestyle Intervention. JMIR Research Protocols, 4(2), 1-12. [More Information]
  • Nour, M., Chen, J., Allman-Farinelli, M. (2015). Efficacy and External Validity of Electronic and Mobile Phone-Based Interventions Promoting Vegetable Intake in Young Adults: A Systematic Review Protocol. JMIR Research Protocols, 4(3), 1-7. [More Information]

Note: This profile is for a student at the University of Sydney. Views presented here are not necessarily those of the University.