Associate Professor Nathan Lo

BMedSci (Hons) PhD (Sydney)

A11 - Old Geology Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9036 7649
Fax +61 2 9351 4771

Website Room 306, A11 - Edgeworth David Building
Molecular Ecology, Evolution, and Phylogenetics

Biographical details

I am an Australian Research Council QEII Fellow in the School of Biological Sciences. Prior to joining the University of Sydney I was Biodiversity Research Initiative Leader at the Australian Museum, Sydney from 2008-2009, and an ARC Australian Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Sydney from 2004-2007. I also held postdoctoral fellowships at the University of Milan, Italy (2003-2004) and the National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences (Tsukuba, Japan; 2001-2003).

Research interests

Key factors behind the success of arthropods are the complex interactions they have with microbes, and - in the case of social insects - with each other. I use a combination of molecular, genetic, and bioinformatic tools to investigate these interactions, across various temporal scales. I have a general interest in the evolution of arthropods, and study a variety of beasties, including three of humanity's favourites: termites, cockroaches, and ticks.

Scientific output

Teaching and supervision

  • Honours Committee Chair (2015-)
  • Concepts in Biology (BIOL1001)
  • Human Biology (BIOL1003)
  • Concepts in Biology: Special Studies Program (BIOL1991) (Unit Coordinator)
  • Genetics & Genomics (MBLG2072)
  • Evolution & Biodiversity (BIOL3044)

PhD and master's project opportunities

Selected grants

2015

  • Resolving the dual anomalies of global termite diversity patterns; Bourguignon T, Lo N; DVC Research/Postdoctoral Research Fellowship Scheme.

2014

  • 2013-14 ABRS Student Travel Grants; Lo N, Arab D; Australian Biological Rescources Study (ABRS)/Travel Grant.
  • Intergenomic conflict and the evolution of uniparental inheritance of mitochondria; Beekman M, Lo N; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2010

  • The evolution of caste determination systems in termites; Lo N; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2009

  • Purification and genome estimation size of Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii symbionts from the ticks Ixodes ricinus and Ixodes holocyclus; Lo N; Australian Academy of Science/Australian participation in COST.

2008

  • The functional genomics of locust migratory behaviour; Sword G, Simpson S, Lo N, Kang L; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2006

  • Kick-starting joint honey-bee research between the University of Sydney and the University of Bangalore; Oldroyd B, Lo N; Dept Foreign Affairs & Trade (Australia-India Council)/Australia India Council Grant Program.

2004

  • The evolution of diverse interactions between Wolbachia bacteria & their invertebrate hosts: insights from a novel lineage infecting termite societies; Lo N, Smallridge C, Smallridge C; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Lo, N., Eggleton, P. (2011). Termite Phylogenetics and Co-cladgenesis with Symbionts. In David Edward Bignell, Yves Roisin, Nathan Lo (Eds.), Biology of Termites: A Modern Synthesis, (pp. 27-50). Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Lo, N., Beekman, M., Oldroyd, B. (2010). Caste in Social Insects: Genetic Influences Over Caste Determination. In Breed, M. and Moore, J. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, (pp. 254-260). New York: Academic Press.
  • Lo, N., Eggleton, P. (2010). Evolution and Function of Endogenous Termite Cellulases. In David Edward Bignell, Yves Roisin, Nathan Lo (Eds.), Biology of Termites: A Modern Synthesis, (pp. 51-68). Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Lo, N., Beninati, T., Sacchi, L., Bandi, C. (2006). An alpha-proteobacterium invades the mitochondria of the tick Ixodes ricinus. In Kostas Bourtziz and Thomas A Miller (Eds.), Insect Symbiosis, (pp. 25-39). Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.

Journals

  • Lee, T., Cameron, S., Evans, T., Ho, S., Lo, N. (2015). The origins and radiation of Australian Coptotermes termites: From rainforest to desert dwellers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 82, 234-244.
  • Lee, T., Ho, S., Wilson, G., Lo, N. (2014). Phylogeography and diversity of the terrestrial isopod Spherillo grossus (Oniscidea: Armadillidae) on the Australian East Coast. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 170(2), 297-309. [More Information]
  • Maekawa, K., Hayashi, Y., Lee, T., Lo, N. (2014). Presoldier differentiation of australian termite species induced by juvenile hormone analogues. Australian Journal of Entomology, 53(2), 138-143. [More Information]
  • Jia, F., Lo, N., Ho, S. (2014). The Impact of Modelling Rate Heterogeneity among Sites on Phylogenetic Estimates of Intraspecific Evolutionary Rates and Timescales. PloS One, 9(5), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Montagna, M., Sassera, D., Epis, S., Bazzocchi, C., Vannini, C., Lo, N., Sacchi, L., Fukatsu, T., Petroni, G., Bandi, C. (2013). "Candidatus Midichloriaceae" fam. Nov. (Rickettsiales), an ecologically: Widespread clade of intracellular alphaproteobacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 79(10), 3241-3248. [More Information]
  • Shimada, K., Lo, N., Kitade, O., Wakui, A., Maekawa, K. (2013). Cellulolytic Protist Numbers Rise and Fall Dramatically in Termite Queens and Kings during Colony Foundation. Eukaryotic Cell, 12(4), 545-550. [More Information]
  • Hayashi, Y., Shigenobu, S., Watanabe, D., Toga, K., Saiki, R., Shimada, K., Bourguignon, T., Lo, N., Hojo, M., Maekawa, K., et al (2013). Construction and Characterization of Normalized cDNA Libraries by 454 Pyrosequencing and Estimation of DNA Methylation Levels in Three Distantly Related Termite Species. PloS One, 8(9), 1-12. [More Information]
  • van der Kraan, L., Wong, E., Lo, N., Ujvari, B., Belov, K. (2013). Identification of natural killer cell receptor genes in the genome of the marsupial Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii). Immunogenetics, 65(1), 25-35. [More Information]
  • Tokuda, G., Elbourne, L., Kinjo, Y., Saitoh, S., Sabree, Z., Hojo, M., Yamada, A., Hayashi, Y., Shigenobu, S., Bandi, C., Lo, N., et al (2013). Maintenance of essential amino acid synthesis pathways in the Blattabacterium cuenoti symbiont of a wood-feeding cockroach. Biology Letters, 9(3), 1-4. [More Information]
  • Ho, S., Lo, N. (2013). The insect molecular clock. Australian Journal of Entomology, 52(2), 101-105. [More Information]
  • Cameron, S., Lo, N., Bourguignon, T., Svenson, G., Evans, T. (2012). A mitochondrial genome phylogeny of termites (Blattodea: Termitoidae): Robust support for interfamilial relationships and molecular synapomorphies define major clades. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 65(1), 163-173. [More Information]
  • Lo, N., Li, B., Ujvari, B. (2012). DNA methylation in the termite Coptotermes lacteus. Insectes Sociaux, 59(2), 257-261. [More Information]
  • Dos Santos Ferreira Lins, L., Ho, S., Wilson, G., Lo, N. (2012). Evidence for Permo-Triassic colonization of the deep sea by isopods. Biology Letters, 8(6), 979-982. [More Information]
  • Sabree, Z., Huang, C., Arakawa, G., Tokuda, G., Lo, N., Watanabe, H., Moran, N. (2012). Genome Shrinkage and Loss of Nutrient-Providing Potential in the Obligate Symbiont of the Primitive Termite Mastotermes darwiniensis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 78(1), 204-210. [More Information]
  • Drewell, R., Lo, N., Oxley, P., Oldroyd, B. (2012). Kin conflict in insect societies: a new epigenetic perspective. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 27(7), 367-373. [More Information]
  • Ujvari, B., Li, B., Evans, T., King, A., Kitade, O., Lo, N. (2011). A microsatellite-based test of the reticulitermes speratus genetic caste determination model in coptotermes lacteus. Insectes Sociaux, 58(3), 365-370. [More Information]
  • Evans, T., Dawes, T., Ward, P., Lo, N. (2011). Ants and termites increase crop yield in a dry climate. Nature Communications, 2(1), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Kitade, O., Hoshi, M., Odaira, S., Asano, A., Shimizu, M., Hayashi, Y., Lo, N. (2011). Evidence for genetically influenced caste determination in phylogenetically diverse species of the termite genus Reticulitermes. Biology Letters, 7(2), 257-260. [More Information]
  • Robinson, K., Tohidi-Esfahani, D., Lo, N., Simpson, S., Sword, G. (2011). Evidence for Widespread Genomic Methylation in the Migratory Locust, Locusta migratoria (Orthoptera: Acrididae). PloS One, 6(12), Article no. e28167-1-Article no. e28167-9. [More Information]
  • Ferri, E., Bain, O., Barbuto, M., Martin, C., Lo, N., Uni, S., Landmann, F., Baccei, S., Guerrero, R., De Souza Lima, S., et al (2011). New Insights into the Evolution of Wolbachia Infections in Filarial Nematodes Inferred from a Large Range of Screened Species. PloS One, 6(6), 1-17. [More Information]
  • Sassera, D., Lo, N., Epis, S., D'Auria, G., Montagna, M., Comandatore, F., Horner, D., Pereto, J., Luciano, A., Franciosi, F., et al (2011). Phylogenomic evidence for the presence of a flagellum and cbb3 oxidase in the free-living mitochondrial ancestor. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28(12), 3285-3296. [More Information]
  • Simpson, S., Sword, G., Lo, N. (2011). Polyphenism in insects. Current Biology, 21(18), R738-R739.
  • Schwander, T., Lo, N., Beekman, M., Oldroyd, B., Keller, L. (2010). Nature versus nurture in social insect caste differentiation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 25(5), 275-282. [More Information]
  • ANDRIS, M., ARADOTTIR, G., ARNAU, G., AUDZIJONYTE, A., Bess, E., BONADONNA, F., BOURDEL, G., BRIED, J., BUGBEE, G., BURGER, P., Lo, N., et al (2010). Permanent Genetic Resources added to Molecular Ecology Resources Database 1 June 2010 – 31 July 2010. Molecular Ecology Resources, 10(6), 1106-1108. [More Information]
  • Lo, N., Gloag, R., Anderson, D., Oldroyd, B. (2009). A molecular phylogeny of the genus Apis suggests that the Giant Honey Bee of the Philippines, A. breviligula Maa, and the Plains Honey Bee of southern India, A. indica Fabricius, are valid species. Systematic Entomology, Online, 1-8.
  • Beninati, T., Reigler, M., Vilcins, I., Sacchi, L., McFadyen, R., Krockenberger, M., Bandi, C., O'Neill, S., Lo, N. (2009). Absence of the symbiont Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii in the mitochondria of the tick Ixodes holocyclus. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 299, 241-247.
  • Bordenstein, S., Paraskevopoulos, C., Hotopp, J., Sapountiz, P., Lo, N., Bandi, C., Tettelin, H., Werren, J., Bourtzis, K. (2009). Parasitism and Mutualism in Wolbachia: What the Phylogenomic Trees Can and Cannot Say. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 26(1), 231-241.
  • Lo, N., Hayashi, Y., Kitade, O. (2009). Should Environmental Caste Determination Be Assumed for Termites? The American Naturalist, 173(6), 848-853.
  • Sassera, D., Lo, N., Bouman, E., Epis, S., Mortarino, M., Bandi, C. (2008). "Candidatus Midichloria" Endosymbionts Bloom after the Blood Meal of the Host, the Hard Tick Ixodes ricinus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74(19), 6138-6140. [More Information]
  • Epis, S., Sassera, D., Beninati, T., Lo, N., Beati, L., Piesman, J., Rinaldi, L., McCoy, K., Torina, A., Sacchi, L., et al (2008). Midichloria mitochondrii is widespread in hard ticks (Ixodidae) and resides in the mitochondria of phylogenetically diverse species. Parasitology (Cambridge), 135(4), 485-494.
  • Tokuda, G., Lo, N., Takase, A., Yamada, A., Hayashi, Y., Watanabe, H. (2008). Purification and partial genome characterization of the bacterial endosymbiont Blattabacterium cuenoti from the fat bodies of cockroaches. BMC Research Notes, 1(118), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Klass, K., Nalepa, C., Lo, N. (2008). Wood-feeding cockroaches as models for termite evolution (Insecta : Dictyoptera): Cryptocercus vs. Parasphaeria boleiriana. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 46(3), 809-817.
  • Lo, N., Beninati, T., Stone, F., Sacchi, L., Walker, J. (2007). Cockroaches that lack Blattabacterium endosymbionts: the phylogenetically divergent genus Nocticola. Biology Letters, 3(3), 327-330.
  • Tokuda, G., Watanabe, H., Lo, N. (2007). Does correlation of cellulase gene expression and cellulolytic activity in the gut of termite suggest synergistic collaboration of cellulases? Gene, 401(1-2), 131-134. [More Information]
  • Lo, N., Evans, T. (2007). Phylogenetic diversity of the intracellular symbiont Wolbachia in termites. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 44(1), 461-466.
  • Lo, N., Engel, M., Cameron, S., Nalepa, C., Tokuda, G., Grimaldi, D., Kitade, O., Krishna, K., Klass, K., Maekawa, K., Thompson, G., et al (2007). Save Isoptera: A comment on Inward et al. Biology Letters, 3(5), 562-563.
  • Hayashi, Y., Lo, N., Miyata, H., Kitade, O. (2007). Sex-linked genetic influence on caste determination in a termite. Science, 318(5852), 985-987.
  • Lo, N., Paraskevopoulos, C., Bourtzis, K., O'Neill, S., Werren, J., Bordenstein, S., Bandi, C. (2007). Taxonomic status of the intracellular bacterium Wolbachia pipientis. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 57(3), 654-657.
  • Sassera, D., Beninati, T., Bandi, C., Bouman, E., Sacchi, L., Fabbi, M., Lo, N. (2006). 'Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii', an endosymbiont of the tick Ixodes ricinus with a unique intramitochondrial lifestyle. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 56(11), 2535-2540.
  • Lo, N., Luykx, P., Santoni, R., Beninati, T., Bandi, C., Casiraghi, M., Wen-hua, L., Zakharov, E., Nalepa, C. (2006). Molecular phylogeny of Cryptocercus wood-roaches based on mitochondrial COII and 16S sequences, and chromosome numbers in Palearctic representatives. Zoological Science: an international journal, 23(4), 393-398.
  • Lo, N., Eldridge, R., Lenz, M. (2006). Phylogeny of Australian Coptotermes (Isoptera : Rhinotermitidae) species inferred from mitochondrial COII sequences. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 96(4), 433-437.
  • Watanabe, H., Takase, A., Tokuda, G., Yamada, A., Lo, N. (2006). Symbiotic "Archaezoa" of the primitive termite Mastotermes darwiniensis still play a role in cellulase production. Eukaryotic Cell, 5(9), 1571-1576.
  • Lo, N., Beninati, T., Sassera, D., Bouman, E., Santagati, S., Gern, L., Sambri, V., Masuzawa, T., Gray, J., Jaenson, T., et al (2006). Widespread distribution and high prevalence of an alpha-proteobacterial symbiont in the tick Ixodes ricinus. Environmental Microbiology, 8(7), 1280-1287.
  • Tokuda, G., Lo, N., Watanabe, H. (2005). Marked variations in patterns of cellulase activity against crystalline- vs. carboxymethyl-cellulose in the digestive systems of diverse, wood-feeding termites. Physiological Entomology, 30(4), 372-380.
  • Baldo, L., Lo, N., Werren, J. (2005). Mosaic nature of the Wolbachia surface protein. Journal of Bacteriology, 187(15), 5406-5418.
  • Maekawa, K., Kon, M., Matsumoto, T., Araya, K., Lo, N. (2005). Phylogenetic analyses of fat body endosymbionts reveal differences in invasion times of blaberid wood-feeding Cockroaches (Blaberidae:panesthiinae) into the Japanese archipelago. Zoological Science: an international journal, 22(10), 1061-1067.
  • Maekawa, K., Park, Y., Lo, N. (2005). Phylogeny of endosymbiont bacteria harbored by the woodroach Cryptocercus spp. (Cryptocercidae : Blattaria): Molecular clock evidence for a late Cretaceous-early Tertiary split of Asian and American lineages. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 36(3), 728-733.
  • Casiraghi, M., Bordenstein, S., Baldo, L., Lo, N., Beninati, T., Wernegreen, J., Werren, J., Bandi, C. (2005). Phylogeny of Wolbachia pipientis based on gltA, groEL and ftsZ gene sequences: clustering of arthropod and nematode symbionts in the F supergroup, and evidence for further diversity in the Wolbachia tree. Microbiology, 151(12), 4015-4022. [More Information]
  • Beninati, T., Genchi, C., Torina, A., Caracappa, S., Bandi, C., Lo, N. (2005). Rickettsiae in ixodid ticks, Sicily. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 11(3), 509-511.
  • Beninati, T., Lo, N., Sacchi, L., Genchi, C., Noda, H., Bandi, C. (2004). A novel alpha-proteobacterium resides in the mitochondria of ovarian cells of the tick Ixodes ricinus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70(5), 2596-2602.
  • Sacchi, L., Bigliardi, E., Corona, S., Beninati, T., Lo, N., Franceschi, A. (2004). A symbiont of the tick Ixodes ricinus invades and consumes mitochondria in a mode similar to that of the parasitic bacterium Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus. Tissue and Cell, 36(1), 43-53.
  • Tokuda, G., Lo, N., Watanabe, H., Arakawa, G., Matsumoto, T., Noda, H. (2004). Major alteration of the expression site of endogenous cellulases in members of an apical termite lineage. Molecular Ecology, 13(10), 3219-3228.
  • Lo, N., Kitade, O., Miura, T., Constantino, R., Matsumoto, T. (2004). Molecular phylogeny of Rhinotermitidae. Insectes Sociaux, 51(4), 365-371. [More Information]
  • Thompson, G., Kitade, O., Lo, N., Crozier, R. (2004). On The Origin Of Termite Workers: Weighing Up The Phylogenetic Evidence. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 17(1), 217-220.
  • Lo, N., Bandi, C., Watanabe, H., Nalepa, C., Beninati, T. (2003). Evidence for cocladogenesis between diverse dictyopteran lineages and their intracellular endosymbionts. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 20(6), 907-913.
  • Lo, N., Watanabe, H., Sugimura, M. (2003). Evidence for the presence of a cellulase gene in the last common ancestor of bilaterian animals. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 270(Suppl 1), S69-S72.
  • Sugimura, M., Watanabe, H., Lo, N., Saito, H. (2003). Purification, characterization, cDNA cloning and nucleotide sequencing of a cellulase from the yellow-spotted longicorn beetle, Psacothea hilaris. The FEBS Journal, 270, 3455-3460.
  • Maekawa, K., Lo, N., Rose, H., Matsumoto, T. (2003). The evolution of soil-burrowing cockroaches (Blattaria: Blaberidae) from wood-burrowing ancestors following an invasion of the latter from Asia into Australia. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 270(1521), 1301-1307.
  • Beninati, T., Lo, N., Noda, H., Esposito, F., Rizzoli, A., Favia, G., Genchi, C. (2002). First Detection of Spotted Fever Group Rickettsiae in Ixodes ricinus from Italy. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8, 983-986.
  • Beninati, T., Lo, N., Noda, H., Esposito, F., Rizzoli, A., Favia, G., Genchi, C. (2002). First detection of spotted fever group rickettsiae in Ixodes ricinus from Italy. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8(9), 983-986.
  • Lo, N., Casiraghi, M., Salati, E., Bazzocchi, C., Bandi, C. (2002). How many Wolbachia supergroups exist? Molecular Biology and Evolution, 19(3), 341-346.

2015

  • Lee, T., Cameron, S., Evans, T., Ho, S., Lo, N. (2015). The origins and radiation of Australian Coptotermes termites: From rainforest to desert dwellers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 82, 234-244.

2014

  • Lee, T., Ho, S., Wilson, G., Lo, N. (2014). Phylogeography and diversity of the terrestrial isopod Spherillo grossus (Oniscidea: Armadillidae) on the Australian East Coast. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 170(2), 297-309. [More Information]
  • Maekawa, K., Hayashi, Y., Lee, T., Lo, N. (2014). Presoldier differentiation of australian termite species induced by juvenile hormone analogues. Australian Journal of Entomology, 53(2), 138-143. [More Information]
  • Jia, F., Lo, N., Ho, S. (2014). The Impact of Modelling Rate Heterogeneity among Sites on Phylogenetic Estimates of Intraspecific Evolutionary Rates and Timescales. PloS One, 9(5), 1-8. [More Information]

2013

  • Montagna, M., Sassera, D., Epis, S., Bazzocchi, C., Vannini, C., Lo, N., Sacchi, L., Fukatsu, T., Petroni, G., Bandi, C. (2013). "Candidatus Midichloriaceae" fam. Nov. (Rickettsiales), an ecologically: Widespread clade of intracellular alphaproteobacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 79(10), 3241-3248. [More Information]
  • Shimada, K., Lo, N., Kitade, O., Wakui, A., Maekawa, K. (2013). Cellulolytic Protist Numbers Rise and Fall Dramatically in Termite Queens and Kings during Colony Foundation. Eukaryotic Cell, 12(4), 545-550. [More Information]
  • Hayashi, Y., Shigenobu, S., Watanabe, D., Toga, K., Saiki, R., Shimada, K., Bourguignon, T., Lo, N., Hojo, M., Maekawa, K., et al (2013). Construction and Characterization of Normalized cDNA Libraries by 454 Pyrosequencing and Estimation of DNA Methylation Levels in Three Distantly Related Termite Species. PloS One, 8(9), 1-12. [More Information]
  • van der Kraan, L., Wong, E., Lo, N., Ujvari, B., Belov, K. (2013). Identification of natural killer cell receptor genes in the genome of the marsupial Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii). Immunogenetics, 65(1), 25-35. [More Information]
  • Tokuda, G., Elbourne, L., Kinjo, Y., Saitoh, S., Sabree, Z., Hojo, M., Yamada, A., Hayashi, Y., Shigenobu, S., Bandi, C., Lo, N., et al (2013). Maintenance of essential amino acid synthesis pathways in the Blattabacterium cuenoti symbiont of a wood-feeding cockroach. Biology Letters, 9(3), 1-4. [More Information]
  • Ho, S., Lo, N. (2013). The insect molecular clock. Australian Journal of Entomology, 52(2), 101-105. [More Information]

2012

  • Cameron, S., Lo, N., Bourguignon, T., Svenson, G., Evans, T. (2012). A mitochondrial genome phylogeny of termites (Blattodea: Termitoidae): Robust support for interfamilial relationships and molecular synapomorphies define major clades. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 65(1), 163-173. [More Information]
  • Lo, N., Li, B., Ujvari, B. (2012). DNA methylation in the termite Coptotermes lacteus. Insectes Sociaux, 59(2), 257-261. [More Information]
  • Dos Santos Ferreira Lins, L., Ho, S., Wilson, G., Lo, N. (2012). Evidence for Permo-Triassic colonization of the deep sea by isopods. Biology Letters, 8(6), 979-982. [More Information]
  • Sabree, Z., Huang, C., Arakawa, G., Tokuda, G., Lo, N., Watanabe, H., Moran, N. (2012). Genome Shrinkage and Loss of Nutrient-Providing Potential in the Obligate Symbiont of the Primitive Termite Mastotermes darwiniensis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 78(1), 204-210. [More Information]
  • Drewell, R., Lo, N., Oxley, P., Oldroyd, B. (2012). Kin conflict in insect societies: a new epigenetic perspective. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 27(7), 367-373. [More Information]

2011

  • Ujvari, B., Li, B., Evans, T., King, A., Kitade, O., Lo, N. (2011). A microsatellite-based test of the reticulitermes speratus genetic caste determination model in coptotermes lacteus. Insectes Sociaux, 58(3), 365-370. [More Information]
  • Evans, T., Dawes, T., Ward, P., Lo, N. (2011). Ants and termites increase crop yield in a dry climate. Nature Communications, 2(1), 1-7. [More Information]
  • Kitade, O., Hoshi, M., Odaira, S., Asano, A., Shimizu, M., Hayashi, Y., Lo, N. (2011). Evidence for genetically influenced caste determination in phylogenetically diverse species of the termite genus Reticulitermes. Biology Letters, 7(2), 257-260. [More Information]
  • Robinson, K., Tohidi-Esfahani, D., Lo, N., Simpson, S., Sword, G. (2011). Evidence for Widespread Genomic Methylation in the Migratory Locust, Locusta migratoria (Orthoptera: Acrididae). PloS One, 6(12), Article no. e28167-1-Article no. e28167-9. [More Information]
  • Ferri, E., Bain, O., Barbuto, M., Martin, C., Lo, N., Uni, S., Landmann, F., Baccei, S., Guerrero, R., De Souza Lima, S., et al (2011). New Insights into the Evolution of Wolbachia Infections in Filarial Nematodes Inferred from a Large Range of Screened Species. PloS One, 6(6), 1-17. [More Information]
  • Sassera, D., Lo, N., Epis, S., D'Auria, G., Montagna, M., Comandatore, F., Horner, D., Pereto, J., Luciano, A., Franciosi, F., et al (2011). Phylogenomic evidence for the presence of a flagellum and cbb3 oxidase in the free-living mitochondrial ancestor. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28(12), 3285-3296. [More Information]
  • Simpson, S., Sword, G., Lo, N. (2011). Polyphenism in insects. Current Biology, 21(18), R738-R739.
  • Lo, N., Eggleton, P. (2011). Termite Phylogenetics and Co-cladgenesis with Symbionts. In David Edward Bignell, Yves Roisin, Nathan Lo (Eds.), Biology of Termites: A Modern Synthesis, (pp. 27-50). Dordrecht: Springer.

2010

  • Lo, N., Beekman, M., Oldroyd, B. (2010). Caste in Social Insects: Genetic Influences Over Caste Determination. In Breed, M. and Moore, J. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, (pp. 254-260). New York: Academic Press.
  • Lo, N., Eggleton, P. (2010). Evolution and Function of Endogenous Termite Cellulases. In David Edward Bignell, Yves Roisin, Nathan Lo (Eds.), Biology of Termites: A Modern Synthesis, (pp. 51-68). Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Schwander, T., Lo, N., Beekman, M., Oldroyd, B., Keller, L. (2010). Nature versus nurture in social insect caste differentiation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 25(5), 275-282. [More Information]
  • ANDRIS, M., ARADOTTIR, G., ARNAU, G., AUDZIJONYTE, A., Bess, E., BONADONNA, F., BOURDEL, G., BRIED, J., BUGBEE, G., BURGER, P., Lo, N., et al (2010). Permanent Genetic Resources added to Molecular Ecology Resources Database 1 June 2010 – 31 July 2010. Molecular Ecology Resources, 10(6), 1106-1108. [More Information]

2009

  • Lo, N., Gloag, R., Anderson, D., Oldroyd, B. (2009). A molecular phylogeny of the genus Apis suggests that the Giant Honey Bee of the Philippines, A. breviligula Maa, and the Plains Honey Bee of southern India, A. indica Fabricius, are valid species. Systematic Entomology, Online, 1-8.
  • Beninati, T., Reigler, M., Vilcins, I., Sacchi, L., McFadyen, R., Krockenberger, M., Bandi, C., O'Neill, S., Lo, N. (2009). Absence of the symbiont Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii in the mitochondria of the tick Ixodes holocyclus. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 299, 241-247.
  • Bordenstein, S., Paraskevopoulos, C., Hotopp, J., Sapountiz, P., Lo, N., Bandi, C., Tettelin, H., Werren, J., Bourtzis, K. (2009). Parasitism and Mutualism in Wolbachia: What the Phylogenomic Trees Can and Cannot Say. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 26(1), 231-241.
  • Lo, N., Hayashi, Y., Kitade, O. (2009). Should Environmental Caste Determination Be Assumed for Termites? The American Naturalist, 173(6), 848-853.

2008

  • Sassera, D., Lo, N., Bouman, E., Epis, S., Mortarino, M., Bandi, C. (2008). "Candidatus Midichloria" Endosymbionts Bloom after the Blood Meal of the Host, the Hard Tick Ixodes ricinus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74(19), 6138-6140. [More Information]
  • Epis, S., Sassera, D., Beninati, T., Lo, N., Beati, L., Piesman, J., Rinaldi, L., McCoy, K., Torina, A., Sacchi, L., et al (2008). Midichloria mitochondrii is widespread in hard ticks (Ixodidae) and resides in the mitochondria of phylogenetically diverse species. Parasitology (Cambridge), 135(4), 485-494.
  • Tokuda, G., Lo, N., Takase, A., Yamada, A., Hayashi, Y., Watanabe, H. (2008). Purification and partial genome characterization of the bacterial endosymbiont Blattabacterium cuenoti from the fat bodies of cockroaches. BMC Research Notes, 1(118), 1-9. [More Information]
  • Klass, K., Nalepa, C., Lo, N. (2008). Wood-feeding cockroaches as models for termite evolution (Insecta : Dictyoptera): Cryptocercus vs. Parasphaeria boleiriana. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 46(3), 809-817.

2007

  • Lo, N., Beninati, T., Stone, F., Sacchi, L., Walker, J. (2007). Cockroaches that lack Blattabacterium endosymbionts: the phylogenetically divergent genus Nocticola. Biology Letters, 3(3), 327-330.
  • Tokuda, G., Watanabe, H., Lo, N. (2007). Does correlation of cellulase gene expression and cellulolytic activity in the gut of termite suggest synergistic collaboration of cellulases? Gene, 401(1-2), 131-134. [More Information]
  • Lo, N., Evans, T. (2007). Phylogenetic diversity of the intracellular symbiont Wolbachia in termites. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 44(1), 461-466.
  • Lo, N., Engel, M., Cameron, S., Nalepa, C., Tokuda, G., Grimaldi, D., Kitade, O., Krishna, K., Klass, K., Maekawa, K., Thompson, G., et al (2007). Save Isoptera: A comment on Inward et al. Biology Letters, 3(5), 562-563.
  • Hayashi, Y., Lo, N., Miyata, H., Kitade, O. (2007). Sex-linked genetic influence on caste determination in a termite. Science, 318(5852), 985-987.
  • Lo, N., Paraskevopoulos, C., Bourtzis, K., O'Neill, S., Werren, J., Bordenstein, S., Bandi, C. (2007). Taxonomic status of the intracellular bacterium Wolbachia pipientis. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 57(3), 654-657.

2006

  • Sassera, D., Beninati, T., Bandi, C., Bouman, E., Sacchi, L., Fabbi, M., Lo, N. (2006). 'Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii', an endosymbiont of the tick Ixodes ricinus with a unique intramitochondrial lifestyle. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 56(11), 2535-2540.
  • Lo, N., Beninati, T., Sacchi, L., Bandi, C. (2006). An alpha-proteobacterium invades the mitochondria of the tick Ixodes ricinus. In Kostas Bourtziz and Thomas A Miller (Eds.), Insect Symbiosis, (pp. 25-39). Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press.
  • Lo, N., Luykx, P., Santoni, R., Beninati, T., Bandi, C., Casiraghi, M., Wen-hua, L., Zakharov, E., Nalepa, C. (2006). Molecular phylogeny of Cryptocercus wood-roaches based on mitochondrial COII and 16S sequences, and chromosome numbers in Palearctic representatives. Zoological Science: an international journal, 23(4), 393-398.
  • Lo, N., Eldridge, R., Lenz, M. (2006). Phylogeny of Australian Coptotermes (Isoptera : Rhinotermitidae) species inferred from mitochondrial COII sequences. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 96(4), 433-437.
  • Watanabe, H., Takase, A., Tokuda, G., Yamada, A., Lo, N. (2006). Symbiotic "Archaezoa" of the primitive termite Mastotermes darwiniensis still play a role in cellulase production. Eukaryotic Cell, 5(9), 1571-1576.
  • Lo, N., Beninati, T., Sassera, D., Bouman, E., Santagati, S., Gern, L., Sambri, V., Masuzawa, T., Gray, J., Jaenson, T., et al (2006). Widespread distribution and high prevalence of an alpha-proteobacterial symbiont in the tick Ixodes ricinus. Environmental Microbiology, 8(7), 1280-1287.

2005

  • Tokuda, G., Lo, N., Watanabe, H. (2005). Marked variations in patterns of cellulase activity against crystalline- vs. carboxymethyl-cellulose in the digestive systems of diverse, wood-feeding termites. Physiological Entomology, 30(4), 372-380.
  • Baldo, L., Lo, N., Werren, J. (2005). Mosaic nature of the Wolbachia surface protein. Journal of Bacteriology, 187(15), 5406-5418.
  • Maekawa, K., Kon, M., Matsumoto, T., Araya, K., Lo, N. (2005). Phylogenetic analyses of fat body endosymbionts reveal differences in invasion times of blaberid wood-feeding Cockroaches (Blaberidae:panesthiinae) into the Japanese archipelago. Zoological Science: an international journal, 22(10), 1061-1067.
  • Maekawa, K., Park, Y., Lo, N. (2005). Phylogeny of endosymbiont bacteria harbored by the woodroach Cryptocercus spp. (Cryptocercidae : Blattaria): Molecular clock evidence for a late Cretaceous-early Tertiary split of Asian and American lineages. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 36(3), 728-733.
  • Casiraghi, M., Bordenstein, S., Baldo, L., Lo, N., Beninati, T., Wernegreen, J., Werren, J., Bandi, C. (2005). Phylogeny of Wolbachia pipientis based on gltA, groEL and ftsZ gene sequences: clustering of arthropod and nematode symbionts in the F supergroup, and evidence for further diversity in the Wolbachia tree. Microbiology, 151(12), 4015-4022. [More Information]
  • Beninati, T., Genchi, C., Torina, A., Caracappa, S., Bandi, C., Lo, N. (2005). Rickettsiae in ixodid ticks, Sicily. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 11(3), 509-511.

2004

  • Beninati, T., Lo, N., Sacchi, L., Genchi, C., Noda, H., Bandi, C. (2004). A novel alpha-proteobacterium resides in the mitochondria of ovarian cells of the tick Ixodes ricinus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70(5), 2596-2602.
  • Sacchi, L., Bigliardi, E., Corona, S., Beninati, T., Lo, N., Franceschi, A. (2004). A symbiont of the tick Ixodes ricinus invades and consumes mitochondria in a mode similar to that of the parasitic bacterium Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus. Tissue and Cell, 36(1), 43-53.
  • Tokuda, G., Lo, N., Watanabe, H., Arakawa, G., Matsumoto, T., Noda, H. (2004). Major alteration of the expression site of endogenous cellulases in members of an apical termite lineage. Molecular Ecology, 13(10), 3219-3228.
  • Lo, N., Kitade, O., Miura, T., Constantino, R., Matsumoto, T. (2004). Molecular phylogeny of Rhinotermitidae. Insectes Sociaux, 51(4), 365-371. [More Information]
  • Thompson, G., Kitade, O., Lo, N., Crozier, R. (2004). On The Origin Of Termite Workers: Weighing Up The Phylogenetic Evidence. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 17(1), 217-220.

2003

  • Lo, N., Bandi, C., Watanabe, H., Nalepa, C., Beninati, T. (2003). Evidence for cocladogenesis between diverse dictyopteran lineages and their intracellular endosymbionts. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 20(6), 907-913.
  • Lo, N., Watanabe, H., Sugimura, M. (2003). Evidence for the presence of a cellulase gene in the last common ancestor of bilaterian animals. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 270(Suppl 1), S69-S72.
  • Sugimura, M., Watanabe, H., Lo, N., Saito, H. (2003). Purification, characterization, cDNA cloning and nucleotide sequencing of a cellulase from the yellow-spotted longicorn beetle, Psacothea hilaris. The FEBS Journal, 270, 3455-3460.
  • Maekawa, K., Lo, N., Rose, H., Matsumoto, T. (2003). The evolution of soil-burrowing cockroaches (Blattaria: Blaberidae) from wood-burrowing ancestors following an invasion of the latter from Asia into Australia. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 270(1521), 1301-1307.

2002

  • Beninati, T., Lo, N., Noda, H., Esposito, F., Rizzoli, A., Favia, G., Genchi, C. (2002). First Detection of Spotted Fever Group Rickettsiae in Ixodes ricinus from Italy. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8, 983-986.
  • Beninati, T., Lo, N., Noda, H., Esposito, F., Rizzoli, A., Favia, G., Genchi, C. (2002). First detection of spotted fever group rickettsiae in Ixodes ricinus from Italy. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8(9), 983-986.
  • Lo, N., Casiraghi, M., Salati, E., Bazzocchi, C., Bandi, C. (2002). How many Wolbachia supergroups exist? Molecular Biology and Evolution, 19(3), 341-346.

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