Dr Paul Hick

Senior Lecturer in Veterinary Virology (Aquatic, Farm Animal and Ecosystem Health)

C01A - Jl Shute - Camden
The University of Sydney


Biographical details

Qualifications
1999 BVSc (First Class Honours)
2010 PhD (University of Sydney)
2012 Member of the Australian and New Zealand College of Veterinary Scientists (Epidemiology)

Career History
2000-2008 Private veterinary practice
2010-2013 NSW DPI, Elizabeth Macarthur Agriculture Institute, Virology Laboratory

2013- present University of Sydney

Paul’s career began in private veterinary practice where he saw a mix of companion and production animals. Paul’s interest in aquatic animal health led him to complete a PhD at the University of Sydney, studying the epidemiology of nodavirus in barramundi aquaculture. This research provided a more detailed understanding of the source and transmission pathways of the virus, developed and validated new diagnostic tests and identified improved methods for disease control in fish hatcheries. Employment as a Veterinary Virologist with NSW Department of Primary Industries gave Paul an opportunity to further develop his expertise in laboratory diagnosis of animal diseases. His exposure to emergency disease outbreaks including abalone herpesvirus, virulent Kunjin virus, Hendravirus and the detection of Ostreid herpesvirus in Australia provided inspiration to gain further qualifications in the field of epidemiology. In addition to diagnostic duties, Paul’s research portfolio included contributions to a project which aimed to develop an experimental infection model for OsHV-1.

Paul currently has a research intensive appointment in the Faculty of Veterinary Science where the focus is on improving animal health, welfare and production. To achieve this, he uses his skills in the development and correct application of laboratory tests to provide new insights into the epidemiology and pathogenesis of infectious diseases. His research program includes a project funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) to reduce the impact of disease on marine aquaculture in Indonesia, adaptive and innate immunity in fish, and molecular epidemiology of ranaviruses using complete genome sequencing. Paul is currently leading research on biotic and abiotic factors influencing OsHV-1 infection using experimental models and natural field challenge experiments funded by FRDC.

In the media

ABC Melbourne’s ABC News interviewed Dr Paul Hick from the Faculty of Veterinary Science about an oyster disease.

Selected grants

2017

  • Rapid identification of emerging pathogens in marine aquaculture; Hick P, Becker J; Sydney Southeast Asia Centre/Cluster Research Grant.

2016

  • Acquatic Animals Health and Biosecurity Subprogram: quarantine risks and disease preparedness for the meglocytivirus ISKNV for Australia; Becker J, Hick P, Lintermans M; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Annual Open Call Funding Round.

2015

  • POMS - Closing knowledge gaps to continue farming C. gigas in Australia; Whittington R, Hick P, Dhand N, Rubio A; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Research and Development Grant.

2014

  • Aquatic animal health subprogram: Strategic approaches to identifying pathogens of quarantine concern associated with the importation of ornamental fish; Becker J, Crane M, Dhand N, Hick P, Hutson K, Miller T, Robinson A, Stephens F, Toribio J, Whittington R; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Annual Open Call Funding Round.

2013

  • Improving fish health management and production protocols in marine finfish aquaculture in Indonesia and Australia; Whittington R, Rimmer M, Dhand N, Hick P, Becker J; Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)/Research and Development Programs (R&D Programs).

2012

  • Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Pacific oyster mortality syndrome (POMS) - risk mitigation, epidemiology and OsHV-1 biology; Whittington R, Hick P, Dhand N; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Annual Open Call Funding Round.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Hick, P., Becker, J., Whittington, R. (2016). Iridoviruses of Fish. In Frederick Kibenge and Marcos Godoy (Eds.), Aquaculture Virology, (pp. 127-152). London: Academic Press.
  • Miller, D., Pessier, A., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2015). Comparative Pathology of Ranaviruses and Diagnostic Techniques. In Matthew Gray, V. Gregory Chinchar (Eds.), Ranaviruses: Lethal Pathogens of Ectothermic Vertebrates, (pp. 171-208). Cham: Springer. [More Information]
  • Duffus, A., Waltzek, T., Stohr, A., Allender, M., Gotesman, M., Whittington, R., Hick, P., Hines, M., Marschang, R. (2015). Distribution and Host Range of Ranaviruses. In Matthew Gray, V. Gregory Chinchar (Eds.), Ranaviruses: Lethal Pathogens of Ectothermic Vertebrates, (pp. 9-57). Cham: Springer. [More Information]

Journals

  • Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2017). Age dependency of nervous necrosis virus infection in barramundi Lates calcarifer (Bloch). Journal of Fish Diseases, 40, 1089-1101. [More Information]
  • Evans, O., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2017). Detection of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 microvariants in healthy Crassostrea gigas following disease events and their possible role as reservoirs of infection. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 148, 20-33. [More Information]
  • Chinchar, V., Hick, P., Ince, I., Jancovich, J., Marschang, R., Qin, Q., Subramaniam, K., Waltzek, T., Whittington, R., Williams, T., et al (2017). ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Iridoviridae. Journal of General Virology, 98, 890-891. [More Information]
  • de Kantzow, M., Hick, P., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2017). Risk factors for mortality during the first occurrence of Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome due to Ostreid herpesvirus � 1 in Tasmania, 2016. Aquaculture, 468, 328-336. [More Information]
  • Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Dyrting, K., Anderson, I., Whittington, R. (2017). Surveillance for nervous necrosis virus-specific antibodies in barramundi Lates calcarifer in Australian hatcheries. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 124, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Dyrting, K., Anderson, I., Whittington, R. (2017). Surveillance for nervous necrosis virus-specific antibodies in barramundi Lates calcarifer in Australian hatcheries. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 124, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Evans, O., Hick, P., Alford, B., Whittington, R. (2017). Transmission of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 microvariant in seawater:Detection of viral DNA in seawater, filter retentates, filter membranes and sentinel Crassostrea gigas spat in upwellers. Aquaculture, 473, 456-467. [More Information]
  • Jaramillo, D., Durr, S., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2016). Bayesian estimation of diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of anervous necrosis virus antibody ELISADiana. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 123, 138-142. [More Information]
  • Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Deece, K., Tweedie, A., Kirkland, P., Arzey, E., Whittington, R. (2016). Comparison of ELISA formats for detection of antibodies specific for nervous necrosis virus (Betanodavirus) in the serum of immunized barramundi Lates calcarifer and Australian bass Macquaria novemaculeata. Aquaculture, 451, 33-38. [More Information]
  • Evans, O., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2016). Comparison of Two External Tagging Methods Used for the Identification of Individual Adult Pacific Oysters, Crassostrea gigas. The Journal of Shellfish Research, 35(4), 837-840. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Subramaniam, K., Thompson, P., Whittington, R., Waltzek, T. (2016). Complete Genome Sequence of a Bohle iridovirus Isolate from Ornate Burrowing Frogs (Limnodynastes ornatus) in Australia. Genome Announcements, 4(4), 1-2. [More Information]
  • Evans, O., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2016). Distribution of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) microvariant in seawater in a recirculating aquaculture system. Aquaculture, 458, 21-28. [More Information]
  • de Kantzow, M., Hick, P., Becker, J., Whittington, R. (2016). Effect of water temperature on mortality of Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas associated with microvariant ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1 �Var). Aquaculture Environment Interactions, 8, 419-428. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Hick, P., Evans, O., Rubio Zuazo, A., Dhand, N., Paul-Pont, I. (2016). Pacific oyster mortality syndrome: a marine herpesvirus active in Australia. Microbiology Australia, 37(3), 126-128. [More Information]
  • Gardner, I., Whittington, R., Caraguel, C., Hick, P., Moody, N., Corbeil, S., Garver, K., Warg, J., Arzul, I., Purcell, M., et al (2016). Recommended reporting standards for test accuracy studies of infectious diseases of finfish, amphibians, molluscs and crustaceans: The STRADAS-Aquatic checklist. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 118(2), 91-111. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Evans, O., Looi, R., English, C., Whittington, R. (2016). Stability of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) and assessment of disinfection of seawater and oyster tissues using a bioassay. Aquaculture, 450, 412-421. [More Information]
  • Kirkland, P., Gabor, M., Poe, I., Neale, K., Chaffey, K., Finlaison, D., Gu, X., Hick, P., Read, A., Wright, T., et al (2015). Hendra virus infection in dog, Australia, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 21(12), 2182-2185. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Hick, P., Evans, O., Rubio Zuazo, A., Alford, B., Dhand, N., Paul-Pont, I. (2015). Protection of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) spat from mortality due to Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1 Mu Var) using simple treatments of incoming seawater in landbased upwellers. Aquaculture, 437, 10-20. [More Information]
  • Evans, O., Paul-Pont, I., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2014). A simple centrifugation method for improving the detection of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) in natural seawater samples with an assessment of the potential for particulate attachment. Journal of Virological Methods, 210, 59-66. [More Information]
  • Jenkins, C., Hick, P., Gabor, M., Spiers, Z., Fell, S., Gu, X., Read, A., Go, J., Dove, M., O'Connor, W., et al (2013). Identification and characterisation of an ostreid herpesvirus-1 microvariant (OsHV-1 μ-var) in Crassostrea gigas (Pacific oysters) in Australia. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 105(2), 109-126. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Whittington, R. (2013). Molecular epidemiology of betanodavirus - Sequence analysis strategies and quasispecies influence outbreak source attribution. Virology, 436(1), 15-23. [More Information]
  • Frost, M., Zhang, J., Edmonds, J., Prow, N., Gu, X., Davis, R., Hornitzky, C., Edla Arzey, K., Finlaison, D., Hick, P., Doggett, S., Haniotis, J., Russell, R., et al (2012). Characterization of Virulent West Nile Virus Kunjin Strain, Australia, 2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 18(5), 792-800. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Read, A., Lugton, I., Busfield, F., Dawood, K., Gabor, M., Hornitzky, C., Kirkland, P. (2012). Coronavirus infection in intensively managed cattle withrespiratory disease. Australian Veterinary Journal, 90(10), 381-386. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2011). Optimization of Betanodavirus culture and enumeration in striped snakehead fish cells. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 23(3), 465-475. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Recurrent outbreaks of viral nervous necrosis in intensively cultured barramundi (Lates calcarifer) due to horizontal transmission of betanodavirus and recommendations for disease control. Aquaculture, 319, 41-52. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2010). Optimisation and validation of a real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of betanodavirus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163, 368-377. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2010). Preparation of fish tissues for optimal detection of betanodavirus. Aquaculture, 310, 20-26. [More Information]

Conferences

  • Sah Putra, B., Hick, P., Rimmer, M., Khairul, R., Evarianti, E., Nurbariah, N., Royani, R., Tajussalatin, T., Muslim, C., Becker, J. (2016). Identification of the key pathogens responsible for production losses at grouper nurseries in Aceh Indonesia. Frontiers in Science AquaEpi I - 2016, Thon Conference Universitetsgaten, Oslo, Norway: Norwegian Veterinary Institute (NVI).
  • Becker, J., Gonzalez, A., Hick, P., Robinson, A., Hutson, A., Hutson, K. (2016). Strategic approaches to identifying pathogens of imported ornamental fish and the risk posed to biosecurity in Australia. Frontiers in Science AquaEpi I - 2016, Thon Conference Universitetsgaten, Oslo, Norway: Norwegian Veterinary Institute (NVI).
  • Becker, J., Hick, P., Hutson, K., Tweedie, A., Miller, T., Whittington, R. (2015). Ornamental fish trade as a risk to Australian biosecurity. 14th International Society of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics meeting, Mexico: N/A.
  • Allas, J., Becker, J., Miller, T., Hick, P., Whittington, R., Hutson, K. (2015). Parasites of imported marine ornamental fish (Apogonidae). 3rd FRDC Australasian Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference, N/A: N/A.
  • Becker, J., Hick, P., Hutson, K., Tweedie, A., Miller, T., Whittington, R. (2015). Strategic approaches to identifying pathogens of quarantine concern associated with the importation of ornamental fish. 3rd FRDC Australasian Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference, N/A: N/A.
  • Hick, P., Rubio, A., Evans, O., Whittington, R. (2014). Age is more important that size in determining the susceptibility of Pacific Oysters ( Crassostrea gigas) to mortality associated with Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OSHV-1) infection. World Aquaculture Adelaide 2014 Create/Nurture/Grow, N/A: N/A.
  • Evans, O., Paul-Pont, I., Dhand, N., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2014). Investigating the transmission factors of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OSHV-1) within the environment: Wild mollusc species as a possible source of infection? World Aquaculture Adelaide 2014 Create/Nurture/Grow, N/A: N/A.
  • Jaramillo, D., Fielder, S., Hick, P., Go, J., Whittington, R. (2014). Modulating factors in viral nervous necrosis (VNN). The role of host age and water temperature on disease outcome based on an Australian bass laboratory infection model. World Aquaculture Adelaide 2014 Create/Nurture/Grow, N/A: N/A.
  • Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Fielder, S., Whittington, R. (2014). Observations on age dependency of viral nervous necrosis and implications for disease control. Seventh International Symposium on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.
  • Whittington, R., Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Frances, J., Kirkland, P., Edla Arzey, K., Crane, M., Moody, N., Dyrting, K., Anderson, I. (2012). Nervous necrosis virus - New tests and epidemiological investigations suggest a way forward in disease control. Australasian Aquaculture - "The next ten years", Melbourne, Victoria: N/A.
  • Hick, P., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Epidemiology of viral nervous necrosis in intensively cultured barramundi (Lates calcarifer): horizontal transmission. First FRDC Australasian Scientific Conference on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.
  • Hick, P., Humphreys, J., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Whittington, R. (2009). Improved detection of nodavirus in barramundi aquaculture and epidemiological investigations of outbreaks in the Northern Territory. Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, Darwin: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Hick, P., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2008). Investigation of the epidemiology of betanodavirus infection in hatchery reared barramundi (Lates calarifer) using real time RT-PCR. 7th Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture 2008, Taiwan: National Taiwan University.
  • Hick, P., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Tweedie, A., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2008). The effect of sample preparation on the sensitivity of a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay for betanodavirus. Australasian Aquaculture Conference 2008, Australia: National Aquaculture Council of Australia.
  • Whittington, R., Schipp, S., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Hick, P., Gore, K. (2007). Biotechnology and epidemiology to control nodavirus in barramundi aquaculture. FRDC National Nodavirus R&D Workshop 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Whittington, R., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L. (2007). Effect of incubation temperature on the permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Australian barramundi nervous necrosis virus (ABNNV). 3rd National FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2007). History of viral nervous necrosis outbreaks in farmed barramundi Lates calcarifer from the Northern Territory of Australia. 3rd National FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2006). Effect of incubation temperature on the permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Australian barramundi nervous necrosis virus (ABNNV). 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.
  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, J., Whittington, R. (2006). History of viral nervous necrosis outbreaks in farmed barramundi Lates calcarifer from the Northern Territory of Australia. 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2006). Permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Lates calcarifer nervous necrosis virus. 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.

2017

  • Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2017). Age dependency of nervous necrosis virus infection in barramundi Lates calcarifer (Bloch). Journal of Fish Diseases, 40, 1089-1101. [More Information]
  • Evans, O., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2017). Detection of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 microvariants in healthy Crassostrea gigas following disease events and their possible role as reservoirs of infection. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 148, 20-33. [More Information]
  • Chinchar, V., Hick, P., Ince, I., Jancovich, J., Marschang, R., Qin, Q., Subramaniam, K., Waltzek, T., Whittington, R., Williams, T., et al (2017). ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Iridoviridae. Journal of General Virology, 98, 890-891. [More Information]
  • de Kantzow, M., Hick, P., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2017). Risk factors for mortality during the first occurrence of Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome due to Ostreid herpesvirus � 1 in Tasmania, 2016. Aquaculture, 468, 328-336. [More Information]
  • Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Dyrting, K., Anderson, I., Whittington, R. (2017). Surveillance for nervous necrosis virus-specific antibodies in barramundi Lates calcarifer in Australian hatcheries. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 124, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Dyrting, K., Anderson, I., Whittington, R. (2017). Surveillance for nervous necrosis virus-specific antibodies in barramundi Lates calcarifer in Australian hatcheries. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 124, 1-10. [More Information]
  • Evans, O., Hick, P., Alford, B., Whittington, R. (2017). Transmission of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 microvariant in seawater:Detection of viral DNA in seawater, filter retentates, filter membranes and sentinel Crassostrea gigas spat in upwellers. Aquaculture, 473, 456-467. [More Information]

2016

  • Jaramillo, D., Durr, S., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2016). Bayesian estimation of diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of anervous necrosis virus antibody ELISADiana. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 123, 138-142. [More Information]
  • Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Deece, K., Tweedie, A., Kirkland, P., Arzey, E., Whittington, R. (2016). Comparison of ELISA formats for detection of antibodies specific for nervous necrosis virus (Betanodavirus) in the serum of immunized barramundi Lates calcarifer and Australian bass Macquaria novemaculeata. Aquaculture, 451, 33-38. [More Information]
  • Evans, O., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2016). Comparison of Two External Tagging Methods Used for the Identification of Individual Adult Pacific Oysters, Crassostrea gigas. The Journal of Shellfish Research, 35(4), 837-840. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Subramaniam, K., Thompson, P., Whittington, R., Waltzek, T. (2016). Complete Genome Sequence of a Bohle iridovirus Isolate from Ornate Burrowing Frogs (Limnodynastes ornatus) in Australia. Genome Announcements, 4(4), 1-2. [More Information]
  • Evans, O., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2016). Distribution of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) microvariant in seawater in a recirculating aquaculture system. Aquaculture, 458, 21-28. [More Information]
  • de Kantzow, M., Hick, P., Becker, J., Whittington, R. (2016). Effect of water temperature on mortality of Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas associated with microvariant ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1 �Var). Aquaculture Environment Interactions, 8, 419-428. [More Information]
  • Sah Putra, B., Hick, P., Rimmer, M., Khairul, R., Evarianti, E., Nurbariah, N., Royani, R., Tajussalatin, T., Muslim, C., Becker, J. (2016). Identification of the key pathogens responsible for production losses at grouper nurseries in Aceh Indonesia. Frontiers in Science AquaEpi I - 2016, Thon Conference Universitetsgaten, Oslo, Norway: Norwegian Veterinary Institute (NVI).
  • Hick, P., Becker, J., Whittington, R. (2016). Iridoviruses of Fish. In Frederick Kibenge and Marcos Godoy (Eds.), Aquaculture Virology, (pp. 127-152). London: Academic Press.
  • Whittington, R., Hick, P., Evans, O., Rubio Zuazo, A., Dhand, N., Paul-Pont, I. (2016). Pacific oyster mortality syndrome: a marine herpesvirus active in Australia. Microbiology Australia, 37(3), 126-128. [More Information]
  • Gardner, I., Whittington, R., Caraguel, C., Hick, P., Moody, N., Corbeil, S., Garver, K., Warg, J., Arzul, I., Purcell, M., et al (2016). Recommended reporting standards for test accuracy studies of infectious diseases of finfish, amphibians, molluscs and crustaceans: The STRADAS-Aquatic checklist. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 118(2), 91-111. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Evans, O., Looi, R., English, C., Whittington, R. (2016). Stability of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) and assessment of disinfection of seawater and oyster tissues using a bioassay. Aquaculture, 450, 412-421. [More Information]
  • Becker, J., Gonzalez, A., Hick, P., Robinson, A., Hutson, A., Hutson, K. (2016). Strategic approaches to identifying pathogens of imported ornamental fish and the risk posed to biosecurity in Australia. Frontiers in Science AquaEpi I - 2016, Thon Conference Universitetsgaten, Oslo, Norway: Norwegian Veterinary Institute (NVI).

2015

  • Miller, D., Pessier, A., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2015). Comparative Pathology of Ranaviruses and Diagnostic Techniques. In Matthew Gray, V. Gregory Chinchar (Eds.), Ranaviruses: Lethal Pathogens of Ectothermic Vertebrates, (pp. 171-208). Cham: Springer. [More Information]
  • Duffus, A., Waltzek, T., Stohr, A., Allender, M., Gotesman, M., Whittington, R., Hick, P., Hines, M., Marschang, R. (2015). Distribution and Host Range of Ranaviruses. In Matthew Gray, V. Gregory Chinchar (Eds.), Ranaviruses: Lethal Pathogens of Ectothermic Vertebrates, (pp. 9-57). Cham: Springer. [More Information]
  • Kirkland, P., Gabor, M., Poe, I., Neale, K., Chaffey, K., Finlaison, D., Gu, X., Hick, P., Read, A., Wright, T., et al (2015). Hendra virus infection in dog, Australia, 2013. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 21(12), 2182-2185. [More Information]
  • Becker, J., Hick, P., Hutson, K., Tweedie, A., Miller, T., Whittington, R. (2015). Ornamental fish trade as a risk to Australian biosecurity. 14th International Society of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics meeting, Mexico: N/A.
  • Allas, J., Becker, J., Miller, T., Hick, P., Whittington, R., Hutson, K. (2015). Parasites of imported marine ornamental fish (Apogonidae). 3rd FRDC Australasian Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference, N/A: N/A.
  • Whittington, R., Hick, P., Evans, O., Rubio Zuazo, A., Alford, B., Dhand, N., Paul-Pont, I. (2015). Protection of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) spat from mortality due to Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1 Mu Var) using simple treatments of incoming seawater in landbased upwellers. Aquaculture, 437, 10-20. [More Information]
  • Becker, J., Hick, P., Hutson, K., Tweedie, A., Miller, T., Whittington, R. (2015). Strategic approaches to identifying pathogens of quarantine concern associated with the importation of ornamental fish. 3rd FRDC Australasian Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference, N/A: N/A.

2014

  • Evans, O., Paul-Pont, I., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2014). A simple centrifugation method for improving the detection of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) in natural seawater samples with an assessment of the potential for particulate attachment. Journal of Virological Methods, 210, 59-66. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Rubio, A., Evans, O., Whittington, R. (2014). Age is more important that size in determining the susceptibility of Pacific Oysters ( Crassostrea gigas) to mortality associated with Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OSHV-1) infection. World Aquaculture Adelaide 2014 Create/Nurture/Grow, N/A: N/A.
  • Evans, O., Paul-Pont, I., Dhand, N., Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2014). Investigating the transmission factors of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OSHV-1) within the environment: Wild mollusc species as a possible source of infection? World Aquaculture Adelaide 2014 Create/Nurture/Grow, N/A: N/A.
  • Jaramillo, D., Fielder, S., Hick, P., Go, J., Whittington, R. (2014). Modulating factors in viral nervous necrosis (VNN). The role of host age and water temperature on disease outcome based on an Australian bass laboratory infection model. World Aquaculture Adelaide 2014 Create/Nurture/Grow, N/A: N/A.
  • Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Fielder, S., Whittington, R. (2014). Observations on age dependency of viral nervous necrosis and implications for disease control. Seventh International Symposium on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.

2013

  • Jenkins, C., Hick, P., Gabor, M., Spiers, Z., Fell, S., Gu, X., Read, A., Go, J., Dove, M., O'Connor, W., et al (2013). Identification and characterisation of an ostreid herpesvirus-1 microvariant (OsHV-1 μ-var) in Crassostrea gigas (Pacific oysters) in Australia. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 105(2), 109-126. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Whittington, R. (2013). Molecular epidemiology of betanodavirus - Sequence analysis strategies and quasispecies influence outbreak source attribution. Virology, 436(1), 15-23. [More Information]

2012

  • Frost, M., Zhang, J., Edmonds, J., Prow, N., Gu, X., Davis, R., Hornitzky, C., Edla Arzey, K., Finlaison, D., Hick, P., Doggett, S., Haniotis, J., Russell, R., et al (2012). Characterization of Virulent West Nile Virus Kunjin Strain, Australia, 2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 18(5), 792-800. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Read, A., Lugton, I., Busfield, F., Dawood, K., Gabor, M., Hornitzky, C., Kirkland, P. (2012). Coronavirus infection in intensively managed cattle withrespiratory disease. Australian Veterinary Journal, 90(10), 381-386. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Frances, J., Kirkland, P., Edla Arzey, K., Crane, M., Moody, N., Dyrting, K., Anderson, I. (2012). Nervous necrosis virus - New tests and epidemiological investigations suggest a way forward in disease control. Australasian Aquaculture - "The next ten years", Melbourne, Victoria: N/A.

2011

  • Hick, P., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Epidemiology of viral nervous necrosis in intensively cultured barramundi (Lates calcarifer): horizontal transmission. First FRDC Australasian Scientific Conference on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.
  • Hick, P., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2011). Optimization of Betanodavirus culture and enumeration in striped snakehead fish cells. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 23(3), 465-475. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Recurrent outbreaks of viral nervous necrosis in intensively cultured barramundi (Lates calcarifer) due to horizontal transmission of betanodavirus and recommendations for disease control. Aquaculture, 319, 41-52. [More Information]

2010

  • Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2010). Optimisation and validation of a real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of betanodavirus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163, 368-377. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2010). Preparation of fish tissues for optimal detection of betanodavirus. Aquaculture, 310, 20-26. [More Information]

2009

  • Hick, P., Humphreys, J., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Whittington, R. (2009). Improved detection of nodavirus in barramundi aquaculture and epidemiological investigations of outbreaks in the Northern Territory. Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, Darwin: Australian Veterinary Association.

2008

  • Hick, P., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2008). Investigation of the epidemiology of betanodavirus infection in hatchery reared barramundi (Lates calarifer) using real time RT-PCR. 7th Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture 2008, Taiwan: National Taiwan University.
  • Hick, P., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Tweedie, A., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2008). The effect of sample preparation on the sensitivity of a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay for betanodavirus. Australasian Aquaculture Conference 2008, Australia: National Aquaculture Council of Australia.

2007

  • Whittington, R., Schipp, S., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Hick, P., Gore, K. (2007). Biotechnology and epidemiology to control nodavirus in barramundi aquaculture. FRDC National Nodavirus R&D Workshop 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Whittington, R., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L. (2007). Effect of incubation temperature on the permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Australian barramundi nervous necrosis virus (ABNNV). 3rd National FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2007). History of viral nervous necrosis outbreaks in farmed barramundi Lates calcarifer from the Northern Territory of Australia. 3rd National FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.

2006

  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2006). Effect of incubation temperature on the permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Australian barramundi nervous necrosis virus (ABNNV). 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.
  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, J., Whittington, R. (2006). History of viral nervous necrosis outbreaks in farmed barramundi Lates calcarifer from the Northern Territory of Australia. 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2006). Permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Lates calcarifer nervous necrosis virus. 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.

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