Medical Physics Publications

Peer-reviewed papers


  1. Gholami Y H, Wilson N, James D, Kuncic Z
    Towards personalized dosimetry with 32P microparticle therapy for advanced pancreatic cancer, International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics (2017) doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2017.07.031
  2. S. J. Blake, Z. Cheng, S. Atakaramians, S. Meikle, M. Lu, P. Vial and Z. Kuncic, “In silico investigation of factors affecting the MV imaging performance of a novel water-equivalent EPID.” Physica Medica 32 1819-1826 (2016)
  3. S. J. Blake, Z. Cheng, P. Vial, M. Lu, S. Atakaramians, S. Meikle and Z. Kuncic, “WE-DE-BRA-06: Evaluation of the Imaging Performance of a Novel Water-Equivalent EPID.” Medical Physics 43(6) 3813 (2016, abstract)
  4. E. Pogson, C. R. Hansen, S. J. Blake, S. Arumugam, L. Holloway and D. Thwaites, “SU-F-T-384: Step and Shoot IMRT, VMAY and Autoplan VMAT Nasopharynx Plan Robustness to Linear Accelerator Delivery Errors.” Medical Physics 43(6) 3551 (2016, abstract)
  5. E. Pogson, C. R. Hansen, S. J. Blake, S. Arumugam, J. Juresic, C. Ochoa, J. Yakobi, A. Haman, A. Trtovac, L. Holloway and D. Thwaites, “SU-D-201-01: A Multi-Institutional Study Quantifying the Impact of Simulated Linear Accelerator VMAT Errors for Nasopharynx.” Medical Physics 43(6) 3333-4 (2016, abstract).


  1. Bailey DL, Hennessy TM, Willowson KP, Henry EC, Chan DLH, Aslani A, Roach PJ. In Vivo Measurement and Characterization of a Novel Formulation of [177Lu]-DOTA-Octreotate. Asia Oceania J Nucl Med Biol. 2016; 4(1):30-37. doi: 107508/aojnmb.2016.04.005
  2. Kim, J., Sun, T., Alcheikh, A., Kuncic, Z., Nuyts, J., Fulton, R. Correction for human head motion in helical x-ray CT. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 61(4), 1416-1438
  3. McNamara, A., Kam, W., Scales, N., McMahon, S., Bennett, J., Byrne, H., Schuemann, J., Paganetti, H., Banati, R., Kuncic, Z. Dose enhancement effects to the nucleus and mitochondria from gold nanoparticles in the cytosol. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 61(16), 5993-6010.
  4. Papaioanno, A., Kuyucak, S., Kuncic, Z. Elucidating the activation mechanism of the insulin-family proteins with molecular dynamics simulations. PloS One, 11(8), 1-19
  5. Toghyani, M., Gillam, J., McNamara, A., Kuncic, Z. Polarisation-based coincidence event discrimination: An in silico study towards a feasible scheme for Compton-PET. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 61(15), 5803-5817
  6. Domanova, W., Krycer, J., Chaudhuri, R., Yang, P., Vafaee, F., Fazakerley, D., Humphrey, S., James, D., Kuncic, Z. Unraveling Kinase Activation Dynamics Using Kinase-Substrate Relationships from Temporal Large-Scale Phosphoproteomics Studies. PloS One, 11(6), 1-14.
  7. Rollo, J., Banihashemi, N., Vafaee, F., Crawford, J., Kuncic, Z., Holsinger, D. Unraveling the mechanistic complexity of Alzheimer's disease through systems biology. Alzheimer's and Dementia, 12(6), 708-718
  8. Blake SJ, Cheng Z, Atakaramians S, Meikle S, Lu M, Vial P, Kuncic Z. In silico investigation of factors affecting the imaging performance of a novel water-equivalent EPID. Physica Medica 2016; in press
  9. Vafaee F, Krycer JR, Ma X, Burykin T, James DE, Kuncic Z. ORTI: An open access repository of transcriptional interactions for interrogating mammalian gene expression data. PLoS ONE 2016; in press
  10. Joanna Izewska, Paulina Wesolowska, Godfrey Azangwe, David S Followill, David I Thwaites, Mehenna Arib, Amalia Stefanic, Claudio Viegas, Luo Suming, Daniela Ekendahl, Wojciech Bulski & Dietmar Georg (2016): Testing the methodology for dosimetry audit of heterogeneity corrections and small MLC-shaped fields: Results of IAEA multi-center studies, Acta Oncologica, DOI: 10.3109/0284186X.2016.1139180
  11. T Lustberg, M. Bailey, D Thwaites, A Miller, E. Rios, M Carolan, L Holloway, A Dekker, Implementation of a rapid learning platform: Predicting 2 year survival in laryngeal carcinoma patients in a clinical setting. OncoTarget (2016), 7 (24), 37288-96
  12. Barber J, Sykes J, Holloway L, Thwaites DI, Comparison of automatic image registration uncertainty for three IGRT systems using a male pelvis phantom, JACMP, 17 (2016) 283-293
  13. Arumugum S, Comparison of three commercial dosimetric systems in detecting clinically significant VMAT delivery errors Physica Medica: European Journal of Medical Physics (2016), accepted 22/9/16


  1. Wong, M., Krycer, J., Burchfield, J., James, D., Kuncic, Z. A generalised enzyme kinetic model for predicting the behaviour of complex biochemical systems. FEBS Open Bio, 5, 226-239.
  2. Kim, J., Nuyts, J., Kyme, A., Kuncic, Z., Fulton, R. A rigid motion correction method for helical computed tomography (CT). Physics in Medicine and Biology, 60(5), 2047-2073
  3. Kuncic, Z. Advances in Computational Radiation Biophysics for Cancer Therapy: Simulating Nano-Scale Damage by Low-Energy Electrons. Biophysical Reviews and Letters, 10(1), 25-36
  4. Kuncic, Z. Cancer nanomedicine: Challenges and opportunities. Medical Journal of Australia, 203(5), 204-205e.1
  5. Shieh, C., Kipritidis, J., O'Brien, R., Cooper, B., Kuncic, Z., Keall, P. Improving thoracic four-dimensional cone-beam CT reconstruction with anatomical-adaptive image regularization (AAIR). Physics in Medicine and Biology, 60(2), 841-868
  6. Doran, S., Gorjiara, T., Kacperek, A., Adamovics, J., Kuncic, Z., Baldock, C. Issues involved in the quantitative 3D imaging of proton doses using optical CT and chemical dosimeters. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 60(2), 709-726
  7. Shieh, C., Keall, P., Kuncic, Z., Huang, C., Feain, I. (2015). Markerless tumor tracking using short kilovoltage imaging arcs for lung image-guided radiotherapy. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 60(24), 9437-9454
  8. Papaioannou, A., Kuyucak, S., Kuncic, Z. (2015). Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Insulin: Elucidating the Conformational Changes that Enable Its Binding. PloS One, 10(12), 1-18
  9. Gholami, Y., Zhu, X., Fulton, R., Meikle, S., El-Fakhri, G., Kuncic, Z. Stochastic simulation of radium-223 dichloride therapy at the sub-cellular level. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 60(15), 6087-6096
  10. Byrne, H., Domanova, W., McNamara, A., Incerti, S., Kuncic, Z. The cytoplasm as a radiation target: An in silico study of microbeam cell irradiation. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 60(6), 2325-2337
  11. Doran, S., Gorjiara, T., Adamovics, J., Kuncic, Z., Kacperek, A., Baldock, C. The quenching effect in PRESAGE(R) dosimetry of proton beams: Is an empirical correction feasible? Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 573, 1-5. [More Information] Unravelling the mechanistic complexity of Alzheimer’s disease through systems biology. Alzheimer’s & Dementia 2015; accepted 9 Nov
  12. Ibbott G and Thwaites, DI, Audits for advanced treatment dosimetry, 8th Int Conf 3D Dosim, J Phys: Conf Ser, 573 (2015) 012002,
  13. Caloz M, Kafrouni M, Leturgie Q, Corde S, Downes S, Lehmann J, Thwaites DI, Development of phantom and methodology for 3D and 4D dose intercomparisons for advanced lung radiotherapy, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 573
    (2015) 012023, doi:10.1088/1742-6596/573/1/012023
  14. Hansen CR, Sykes JR, Barber J, West K, Bromley R, Szymura K, Fisher S, Sim J, Bailey M, Chrystal D, Deshpande S, Franji I, Nielsen TB, Brink C, Thwaites DI, Multicentre knowledge sharing and planning/dose audit on flattening filter free beams for SBRT lung, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 573 (2015) 012018, doi:10.1088/1742-6596/573/1/012018
  15. Young T, Xing A, Vial P, Thwaites DI, Holloway L, Arumugam S, Sensitivity of collapsed arc QA method for delivery errors in Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT), Journal of Physics: Conference Series 573 (2015) 012021,
  16. Arumugam S, Young T, Xing A, Thwaites DI, Holloway L, Benchmarking the gamma pass score using ArcCHECK for routine dosimetric QA of VMAT plans, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 573 (2015) 012040,
  17. Arumugam S, Xing A, Young T, Thwaites DI, Holloway L, Validation of 3DVH estimated DVH metrics for prostate VMAT plans, Journal of Physics:
    Conference Series 573 (2015), 012053 doi:10.1088/1742-6596/573/1/012053
  18. Arumugam A, Xing A, Young T, Thwaites DI, Holloway L, Three dimensional dose verification of VMAT plans using the Octavius 4D dosimetric system, Journal of Physics: Conference Series 573 (2015) 012081,
  19. Bortfeld T, Torresin A, Fiorino C, Andreo P, Gagliardi G, Jeraj R, Muren L, Paiusco M, Thwaites DI, Knoos T, The research versus clinical service role of medical physics, Radiother Oncol 2015, 114, 285-288
  20. Garcia, R. Nystrom H, Fiorino C, Thwaites, DI, Does a too risk-averse approach to the implementation of new radiotherapy technologies delay their clinical use? Brit J Radiol 2015, 88, DOI:
  21. P. Juneja, H. Caine, P. Hunt, J. Booth, D. Thwaites, J. O’Toole, A. Vestergaard, J. Kallehauge, A. Kneebone and T. Eade, Adaptive radiotherapy for bladder cancer using deformable image registration of empty and full bladder, IFMBE Proc 51 (2015), 388-391,
  22. Kairn, T., Charles, P., Cranmer-Sargison, G., Crowe, S., Langton, C., Thwaites, D., Trapp, J. (2015). Clinical use of diodes and micro-chambers to obtain accurate small field output factor measurements. Australas. Physical Eng. Sci. in Med., 38, 357-367.
  23. Hansen, C., Bertelsen, A., Riis, H., Christiansen, R., Hansen, O., Sykes, J., Thwaites, D., Brink, C. (2015). Plan quality and delivery accuracy of flattening filter free beam for SBRT lung treatments. Acta Oncologica, 54(3), 422-432.
  24. M Foote, MJ Bailey MSc, L Smith, S Siva, F Hegi-Johnson, A Seeley, T Barry, J Booth, D Ball, D Thwaites, Guidelines for safe practice of stereotactic body (ablative) radiation therapy, J Med. Imag. Radiat. Oncol. 2015, 59 (5), 646–653
  25. Clark CH, Aird EGA, Bolton S, Miles EA, Nisbet A, Snaith JAD, Thomas RAS, Venables K, Thwaites DI, Radiotherapy dosimetry audit: three decades of improving standards and accuracy in UK clinical practice and trials, Brit J Radiol 2015, 88
  26. LSH Bendall, M Najima, R Stensmyr, E Flower, S Yau, DI. Thwaites, J R Sykes, Performance evaluation of head and neck contour adaptation with cone beam CT using two commercial software systems, Acta Oncol, 2015, 54(9), 1693-97,doi.3109/0284186X.2015.1068448
  27. Juneja P, Kneebone A, Booth JT, Thwaites, DI, Kaaur R, Colvill E, Ng JA, Keall, PA, Eade T, Prostate motion during radiotherapy of prostate cancer patients with and without application of a hydrogel spacer: A comparative study, Radiation Oncology (2015), Radiat. Oncol.201510:215, doi: 10.1186/s13014-015-0526-1
  28. LP Muren, N Jornet, D Georg, R Garcia and D I Thwaites, Improving radiotherapy through medical physics development, Radiother Oncol (2015), 117 403-406
  29. Bailey D, Hennessy T, Willowson K, Henry E C, Chan D L H, Aslani A, Roach P J In vivo quantification of 177Lu with planar whole-body and SPECT/CT gamma camera imaging, EJNMMI Physics 2015 2:20, 1-17


  1. De Deene Y, Hill R, Skyt P S, Booth J
    Flexydos3D: A new deformable anthropomorphic 3D dosimeter readout with optical CT scanning
    The 8th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry (2014)
  2. De Deene Y
    Computational simulations of the influence of noise in optical CT reconstruction
    The 8th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry (2014)
  3. Berndt B, Skyt P S, Holloway L, Hill R, Sankar A, De Deene Y
    Do saccharide doped PAGAT dosimeters increase accuracy?
    The 8th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry (2014)
  4. Skyt P S, Berndt B, Holloway L, Hill R, De Deene Y
    NMR spectroscopy of saccharide-doped PAGAT dosimeters
    The 8th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry (2014)
  5. De Deene Y
    Dual wavelength optical CT scanning of anthropomorphic shaped 3D dosimeters
    The 8th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry (2014)
  6. De Deene Y, Jirasek A
    Uncertainty in 3D gel dosimetry
    The 8th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry(2014)
  7. Hill R, Healy B, Kuncic Z, Holloway L, Thwaites DI and Baldock C, Advances in the dosimetry of therapeutic kilovotage x-ray beams, Phys Med Biol 2014 59, R183-231
  8. Paynter D, Weston S, Cosgrove V, Evans J, Thwaites D, Beam characteristics of energy-matched flattening filter free beams Med Phys 41. 052103 (May 2014); doi: 10.1118/1.4871615
  9. Johnson D, Weston S, Cosgrove V and Thwaites, DI, A simple model for predicting the signal for a head-mounted transmission chamber system, allowing IMRT in-vivo dosimetry without pre-treatment linac time, J Appl Clin Med Phys 15(4) 2014, 271-279
  10. C Thompson, S J Weston, V C Cosgrove, D I Thwaites A Dosimetric Characterisation of a Novel Linear Accelerator Collin Medical Physics 2014, 41(3)031713 doi: 10.1118/1.4866228
  11. P H Charles, G Cranmer-Sargison, D I Thwaites, S B Crowe, T Kairn, RT Knight, J Kenny, C M Langton, J V Trapp. A practical and theoretical definition of very small field size for radiotherapy output factor measurements Med. Phys. 41 , 041707 (2014) ; doi:10.1118/1.4868461
  12. Cho A, Ebert MA, Holloway L, Kuncic Z, Baldock C, Thwaites DI, Radiation treatment dose optimisation using Poisson tumour control probability parameters, Proc XVII ICCR (International Conference on Computers in Radiotherapy2013, J Phys: Conf Ser 2014 489 012047
  13. Bawazeer O, Gray A, Arumugam S, Vial P, Thwaites DI, Descallar J, Holloway L, Evaluation of the ability of a 2D ionisation chamber array and an EPID to detect systematic delivery errors in IMRT plans, Proc XVII ICCR 2013, J Phys: Conf Ser, 2014 489 012071
  14. Barber J, Sykes JR, Holloway L, Thwaites DI, Automatic image registration performance for two different CBCT systems; variation with imaging dose, Proc XVII ICCR 2013, J Phys: Conf Ser, 2014 489 012070
  15. Mason J, Al-Qaisieh B, Bownes, Henry A, Thwaites DI, An Investigation of inter-seed attenuation and tissue composition effects in I-125 seed implant prostate brachytherapy, Brachytherapy 2014;
  16. Hansen. C.R., Bertelsen A, Riis H. L, Christiansen R.L, Hansen O, Sykes J, Thwaites D.I, Brink C, Plan quality and delivery accuracy of flattening filter free beams for SBRT lung treatments , Acta Oncol 2014,
  17. P.H. Charles, G. Cranmer-Sargison, D.I. Thwaites, G. Peddrazinni, J.V. Trapp, Design and experimental testing of air slab caps which convert commercial electron diodes into dual purpose, correction-free diodes for small field dosimetry Med. Phys. 41 , 101701 (2014) ;
  18. R Harding, P Trnková, SJ Weston, J Lilley, CM Thompson, S.C. Short, C Loughrey, V.P. Cosgrove, AJ Lomax, DI Thwaites, Benchmarking of a treatment planning system for spot scanning proton therapy: Comparison and analysis of robustness to set-up errors of photon IMRT and proton SFUD treatment plans of base of skull meningioma , Med. Phys. 41 , 111710 (2014) ;
  19. Mason, J, Al-Qaisieh B, Bownes , Thwaites DI, Henry A, Dosimetry modelling for focal high-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy, Brachytherapy 2014, accepted
  20. Andre Dekker, Shalini Vinod, Lois Holloway, Cary Oberije, Armia George, Gary Goozee, Geoff P. Delaney, Philippe Lambin, David Thwaites, Rapid learning in practice: A lung cancer survival decision support system in routine patient care data Radiotherapy and Oncology, 2014, 113, 47-53
  21. Blake SJ, McNamara AL, Vial P, Holloway L, Kuncic Z. Monte Carlo simulation and optimisation of the imaging and dosimetric performance of an electronic portal device employing plastic scintillating fibres. Phys. Med. Biol. 2014; 59(22):6827
  22. McNamara AL, Toghyani M, Gillam J, Wu K, Kuncic Z. Towards optimal imaging with PET: an in silico feasibility study. Phys. Med. Biol. 2014; 59(24):7587
  23. Hill R, Healy B, Kuncic Z, Holloway L, Thwaites D, Baldock C. Advances in kilovoltage x-ray beam dosimetry. Physics in Medicine and Biology (Topical Review) 2014; 59:R183-R231
  24. Monville ME, Kuncic Z, Greer P. Simulation of real-time EPID images during IMRT using Monte Carlo. Physica Medica 2013; 30(3):326
  25. Shieh C-C, Kipritidis J, O’Brien R, Kuncic Z, Keall P. Image quality in thoracic 4D cone-beam CT: a sensitivity analysis of respiratory signal, binning method, reconstruction algorithm and projection angular spacing. Medical Physics 2014; 41(4):041912


  1. Blake SJ, McNamara AL, Deshpande S, Holloway L, Greer PB, Kuncic Z, Vial P
    Characterization of a novel electronic portal imaging device designed for simultaneous imaging and dose verification
    Medical Physics 40, 091902 (2013)
  2. McNamara AL, Wu K, Boardman D, Reinhard MI, Kuncic Z
    Positron emission tomography coincidence detection with photon polarisation correlation
    Proc. SPIE Medical Imaging 86681 (2013)
  3. Fuangrod T, Woodruff HC, van Uytven E, McCurdy BMC, Kuncic Z, O'Connor DJ, Greer PB
    A system for EPID-based real-time treatment delivery verification during dynamic IMRT treatment
    Medical Physics 40, 091907 (2013)
  4. Gorjiara T, Hill R, Bosi S, Kuncic Z, Baldock C
    Water equivalence of NIPAM based polymer gel dosimeters with enhanced sensitivity for x-ray CT
    Radiation Physics and Chemistry 91, 60 (2013)
  5. Ng JN, Booth JT, Poulsen P, Kuncic Z, Keall PJ
    Estimation of effective imaging dose for kilovoltage intra-treatment monitoring of the prostate position during cancer radiotherapy
    Physics in Medicine and Biology 58, 5983 (2013)
  6. McNamara AL, Blake S, Vial P, Holloway L, Greer PB, Kuncic Z
    Evaluating radiation damage to scintillating plastic fibres with Monte Carlo simulations
    Proc. SPIE Medical Imaging 8668 (2013)
  7. Gorjiara T, Kuncic Z, Adamovics J, Bladock CB
    Monte Carlo water equivalence study of two PRESAGE formulation for proton beam dosimetry, in IC3Dose
    The 7th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry,
    J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 2013 Volume 444 (2013)
  8. Gorjiara T, Hill R, Kuncic Z, Baldock CB, Doran S
    Preliminary characterisation of PRESAGE for 3D dosimetry of a 62 MeV proton beam, in IC3 Dose
    The 7th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry
    J. Phys. Conf. Ser. Volume 444 (2013)
  9. Gorjiara T, Hill R, Kuncic Z, Baldock CB
    Water equivalence of micelle gels for x-ray beams in IC3Dose
    The 7th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry
    J. Phys. Conf. Ser. Volume 444 (2013)
  10. Kam W W-Y, McNamara AL, Lake V, Banos C, Davis JB, Kuncic Z, Banati R
    Predicted ionization in mitochondria and acute changes in the mitochondrial transcriptome after gamma irradiation: A Monte Carlo simulation and quantitative PCR study
    Miochondrion, j.mito.2013.02.005 (2013)
  11. Kim J-H, Nuyts J, Kuncic Z, Fulton R
    The feasibility of head motion tracking in helical CT: A step towards motion correction
    Medical Physics 40(4), 041903 (2013)
  12. Blake SJ, Vial P, Holloway L, Greer PB, McNamara AL, Kuncic Z
    Characterization of optical transport effects on EPID dosimetry using Geant4
    Medical Physics 40(4), 041708 (2013)
  13. Gorjiara T, Kuncic Z, Hill RF, Adamovics J, Baldock C
    Water equivalence evaluation of PRESAGE formulations for megavoltage electron beams
    Australasian Physical Engineering Sciences in Medicine 35(4), 455 (2013)
  14. Byrne HL, McNamara AL, Domanova W, Guatelli S, Kuncic Z
    Radiation damage on subcellular scales: Beyond DNA
    Physics in Medicine and Biology 58(5), 1251 (2013)
  15. Vandecasteele J, De Deene Y
    On the validity of 3D polymer gel dosimetry: I. Reproducibility study
    Physics in Medicine and Biology 58(1), 19 (2013)
  16. Vandecasteele J, De Deene Y
    On the validity of 3D polymer gel dosimetry: II. Physico-chemical effects
    Physics in Medicine and Biology 58(1), 43 (2013)
  17. Vandecasteele J, De Deene Y
    On the validity of 3D polymer gel dosimetry: III. MRI-related error sources
    Physics in medicine and Biology 58(1), 63 (2013)
  18. Vandecasteele J, De Deene Y
    Evaluation of radiochromic gel dosimetry and polymer gel dosimetry in a clinical dose verification
    Physics in Medicine and Biology 58(18), 6241 (2013)
  19. Cranmer-Sargison G; Liu PZ; Weston S; Suchowerska N; Thwaites DI Small field dosimetric characterization of a new 160-leaf MLC Phys Med Biol, Oct 21 2013, 58(20) 7343-54
  20. Mason J; Al-Qaisieh B; Bownes P; Henry A; Thwaites D Monte Carlo investigation of I-125 interseed attenuation for standard and thinner seeds in prostate brachytherapy with phantom validation using a MOSFET. Med Phys, Mar 2013, 40(3) p031717
  21. Cranmer-Sargison G, Charles PH, Trapp JV, Thwaites DI, A methodological approach to reporting corrected small field relative outputs, Radiother Oncol 109(3) 2013, 350-355
  22. Baldock C and Thwaites, DI (eds) Introduction and editorial, 3-dimensional dose for advanced radiotherapy treatments. Proc. 7th Int Conf 3D Dosimetry 2013 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 444 011001 (
  23. Thwaites, DI, Accuracy required and achievable in radiotherapy dosimetry: have modern technology and techniques changed our views? Proc. 7th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry (IC3DDose) IOP Publishing Journal of Physics: Conference Series 444 (2013) 012006 doi:10.1088/1742-6596/444/1/012006
  24. Sykes JR, Lindsay R, Iball G, Thwaites DI, , Dosimetry of Cone Beam CT: methods, doses and clinical consequences, Proc. 7th International Conference on 3D Radiation Dosimetry (IC3DDose) IOP Publishing Journal of Physics: Conference Series 444 (2013) 012017 doi:10.1088/1742-6596/444/1/012017
  25. Muren LP, Thwaites DI, The on-going quest for treatment precision and conformality in radiotherapy, Radiother Oncol 109(3) 2013, 337-341
  26. Yartsev, S, Muren LP, Thwaites DI, Treatment planning studies in radiotherapy, Radiother Oncol 109(3) 2013, 342-343
  27. Reiner B; Bownes P; Wright G; Thwaites DI; Hatfield P In regard to Balagamwala et al. (The importance of the conformality, heterogeneity, and gradient indices in evaluating gamma knife radiosurgery treatment plans for intracranial meningiomas), letter) Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, Apr 1 2013, 85(5) p1154-5
  28. Kron T, Taylor M, Thwaites DI, Small field dosimetry, chapter 8 in Modern Technology of Radiation Oncology, vol 3 (ed van Dyk J), MPP: Madison, Wisconsin, 2013, pps 245-300 (ISBN:978-1-930524-57-6
  29. Mason J, Al-Qaisieh B, Bownes , Wilson D, Buckley DL, Thwaites DI, Carey B, Henry A, Multi-parametric MRI-guided focal tumor boost using HDR prostate brachytherapy: A feasibility study, Brachytherapy, 2013 13 (2), 1376-145;