Paper in Journal of Memory and Language
- Andrews, S., Woollams, A. & Bond,
R. (2005). Spelling-sound typicality only affects words
with digraphs: Further qualifications to the generality of the
regularity effect on word naming. Journal of Memory and
Language, 53: 567-593.
Two experiments investigated naming performance for items with
and without digraphs. Both experiments compared performance
for Regular Consistent, Regular Inconsistent and Exception words.
Experiment 1 also compared nonwords with Non-Existent Bodies
to those with existing Consistent and Inconsistent Bodies. Naming
was slower for nonwords containing digraphs and for nonwords
constructed from Non-Existent bodies. In both experiments, the
naming latency data for words showed effects of spelling-sound
typicality only for words with digraphs; the speed of naming
words without digraphs was not affected by either regularity
or consistency. The complete set of results could not be effectively
simulated by either the Dual-Route Cascaded model or by Plaut,
McClelland, Seidenberg, and Patterson's (1996) Parallel Distributed
Processing models. The absence of effects of spelling-sound
typicality for words without digraphs qualifies a phenomenon
that has been regarded as one of the central facts of visual
word recognition and provides strong constraints on the future
development of computational models of lexical retrieval.