Paper in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
- Roebers, C.M., von der Linden, N., Schneider, W. and Howie, P. (2007) Children's metamemorial judgments in an event recall task. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 97, 117-137.
Two studies were conducted in which two different indicators of metacognitive monitoring were investigated in a complex everyday memory task. In the First phase of each experiment, 8- and 10- year-olds as well as adults were shown a short event (video) and gave judgments of learning, that is, rated their certainty that they would later be able to recall specific details correctly. In the second phase of the experiments, participants underwent a memory interview about the event and in Study 2 also gave confidence judgments, that is, rated their certainty that the provided answers to the memory questions were correct. Results revealed significant influences of memory characteristics on monitoring in that delaying judgments and monitoring judgments concerning irretrievable information affected judgments of learning. From 8 years of age onward, there were relatively appropriate metamemorial monitoring abilities in both indicators. Moderate intraindividual consistency was found across the two measures of metacognitive monitoring, with a tendency toward higher consistency in older age groups. The results are discussed in terms of the adequacy of the underlying theoretical construct.