Paper in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
  • Hughes, S.C. and Boakes, R.A. (2008). Flavor preferences produced by backward pairing with wheel running. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 34(2), 283-293.

    In 3 experiments rats given 8 sessions of preexposure to wheel running acquired a preference for a flavor that was given immediately after each of 4 subsequent sessions of wheel running. Such flavor preference was less likely when rats were given the same conditioning procedure but without preexposure to wheels (Experiment 1) or when access to flavor was delayed by 30 min following a wheel session (Experiment 2). When rats were given a flavor before each wheel session, the resulting conditioned aversion was greater in rats that had no prior exposure to wheel running (Experiment 3). These results show that whether an aversion or preference for a flavor is produced by wheel running depends on an interaction between prior wheel experience and the sequence of events.