Paper in Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion
- Hibberd, F. J. (2012). Scientific theism: Where the force of logic is denied its force (Invited paper on theism in Science). Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 23, 107-120.
Scientific theism aims to integrate a concept of deity with the key assumptions of science so as to proffer a single self-consistent conceptual system. If successful, it would mean that (a) it is empirically possible for some kind of supreme Being (or Beings) to causally influence this world, and (b) introducing a concept of deity into explanations of our psycho-social life is not contrary to reason. The logically prior issue is whether some kind of supreme Being (or Beings) could possibly exist. This is primarily a conceptual matter to which there are three current approaches deserving of attention: classical theism; Plantinga’s modal argument for God; and Griffin’s process theism. However, each is demonstrably flawed. This means that attempts to fashion a coherent concept of deity continue to elude theists; the tag “scientific theism” is still an oxymoron, and a theistic psychology remains an idle fancy.