SIBI Research Glossary of Terms

Author: RRADS, Research Portfolio – Contact:

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Category 1 (income)


Source: ACGR

Date updated: 21/05/13

Australian competitive grants

Consists of Commonwealth Competitive Research Funding and other Non-Commonwealth Competitive Research Schemes as listed on the Australian Competitive Grants Register (ACGR); a list of eligible funding schemes that is updated annually in the HERDC return guidelines.

 Grants received from the Australian Government and not included in the 2013 ACGR may be eligible for inclusion in Category 2: Other public sector research income.

Category 2 (income)


Source: 2013 HERDC specifications

Date updated: 21/05/13

Other Public Sector Research Income

  • Australian government – Non Category 1:

    This is any other income for the purposes of conducting research received from the Australian Government, whether via programs, grants or contracts, that is not eligible for inclusion as Category 1 research income.

  • State or Territory government:

    This is income for the conduct of research received from state or territory government departments or agencies, whether via programs, grants or contracts.

  • Local government:

    This is income for the conduct of research received from local government departments or agencies, whether via programs, grants or contracts.

  • Government business enterprises:

    This is income for the conduct of research received from enterprises that are wholly or partly owned or funded by Commonwealth, state or territory, or local governments; have a board; and operate on a profit or cost-recovery basis.

  • research income from CRCs in which the University was not a core participant or participant (i.e. was not a signatory to the Commonwealth Agreement during the reporting period).

Category 3 (income)


Source: 2013 HERDC specifications

Date updated: 21/05/13

Industry and Other Research Income


  • contract research funding provided by industry or other non-Government agencies (incl. financial contributions from industry partners to Linkage Grants);
  • grants for research from other than Australian Governments;
  • donations and bequests for research from Australian business, Australian non-profit organisations, and Australian individuals; and
  • income received from syndicated research & development arrangements.


  • grants for research and contract research provided by non-     Australian industry or non-Australian Government agencies, incl. non-Australian industry collaborative research grants; and
  • donations and bequests for research from non-Australian business, non-Australian non-profit organisations, and non-Australian individuals.

Category 4 (income)


Source: 2013 HERDC specifications

Date updated: 21/05/13

CRC research income

Research income derived from:

  • Australian Government grants to CRCs
  • non-HEP members of CRCs
  • external parties contributing to CRCs.

Funding from Cooperative Research Centre (CRCs) in which the reporting university is not a participant should be included as Other Public Sector Income rather than CRC income.

CW-1. Original Creative Work

Correct at 02/05/2014


 CW-2. Live Performance

Correct at 02/05/2014

 Includes live performance in:

CW-3. Recorded / Rendered

Correct at: 02/05/2014


CW-4. Curated/produced exhibition / event

Correct at: 02/05/2014




Source: Go8

Date updated: 21/05/13

The Group of Eight (Go8) is a coalition of leading Australian universities, intensive in research and comprehensive in general and professional education. The Go8 exists to:

  • enhance the contribution of its member universities to the nation’s social, economic, cultural and environmental well-being and prosperity;
  • extend the contribution of its member universities to the generation and preservation of the world’s stock of knowledge;
  • strengthen Australia’s capacity to engage in and benefit from global developments, respond to global and local challenges;
  • expand opportunities for Australian students, regardless of background, to participate in higher education of world class.

Go8 members


Source: Go8

Date updated: 21/05/13

  • The University of Sydney
  • Australian National University
  • The University of Melbourne
  • The University of Queensland
  • Monash University
  • The University of New South Wales
  • The University of Adelaide
  • The University of Western Australia



Source: 2013 HERDC specifications

Date updated: 21/05/13

Higher Education Research Data Collection (HERDC)

The Government's Higher Education Research Data Collection (HERDC) collects information annually on the research income and research publications of all the Higher Education Providers (HEPs) in Australia. This information is then used by the Government to distribute block grant funding, between Australian HEPs in subsequent years. The HERDC publications data are also being used as part of the Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) submission and in internal reporting around performance indicators, promotions applications and research activity.

 See the latest 2013 HERDC specifications

HERDC outputs



Date updated: 21/05/13

The University collects all research outputs published by staff, students and honorary associates. This data is reported on an annual basis as required by the Department of Innovation, Industry, Climate Change, Science, Research and Tertiary Education (DIICCSRTE).

HERDC Outputs are books, book chapters, journal articles and/or conference publications which comply with the definition of research and are characterised by:

  • substantial scholarly activity, as evidenced by discussion of the relevant literature, an awareness of the history and antecedents of work described, and provided in a format which allows a reader to trace sources of the work, including through citations and footnotes;
  • originality (i.e. not a compilation of existing works);
  • veracity/validity through a peer review process or commercial publisher process;
  • increasing the stock of knowledge; and
  • being in a form that enables the dissemination of knowledge.

Non-traditional research output (NTRO)

Correct at: 02/05/2014

Non-Traditional Research Output (NTRO) refers to:

  • outputs of creative work as research
  • non-traditional outputs of traditional research, including scholarly translations, critical editions, public policy reports, technical standards and exhibitions of archaeological or scientific objects.

Creative work as research

Any form of publicly available, assessable materials embodying research, produced through writing, making, composing, designing, performing or curating.

Eligible creative work as research can be:

  • Original Creative Works – musical compositions, architectural designs, visual artworks and texts
  • Live Performance of Creative Works – music, drama, “interarts” and dance
  • Recorded/Rendered Creative Works – performances in music, theatre and dance, films and videos, “interarts”, digital creative works and digital repositories
  • Curated or Produced Substantial Public Exhibitions or Events – exhibitions of artworks, concerts and festivals.

Guidelines on creative work as research were endorsed by the University’s Senior Executive Group (SEG) Research Committee in December 2012.
The overarching ERA/HERDC definition of research applies to NTROs.
The year of publication is the same as for HERDC.

Output category (HERDC)

 Source: 2013 HERDC specifications

Date updated: 21/05/13

  • Books (A1) - authored books published by a commercial publisher
  • Book Chapters (B1) - book chapters within books published by a commercial publisher
  • Journal Articles (C1) - refereed articles published in a scholarly journal
  • Conference Proceedings (E1) - refereed papers published in full and presented at conferences of national or international significance

Output points (HERDC)


Source: Research Support

Date updated: 21/05/13

Publications are awarded points and these are used to determine the amount of funding the University will receive.

 A book is worth 5 points however this is divided equally between the number of authors. If a book has 3 authors who are all Sydney University staff or students, then each author gets 1.666 author points and Sydney University gets 5 points. If a book has 4 authors, 2 Sydney University staff or students and 2 external authors, each author gets 1.25 author points and Sydney University gets 2.5 points.

 The other HERDC categories (B1, C1 and E1) are worth 1 point each and each point may also be divided equally between the number of authors.

 Output Points (NTRO)

Correct at: 02/05/2014

 Output points for non-traditional research outputs accepted into the annual collection are included in the University Economic Model (UEM) calculations, which impact on the share of research funding each faculty receives.

Major outputs are worth up to 5 points. Standard outputs are worth up to 1 point.

Portfolio (NTRO)

Correct at: 02/05/2014

The main criteria for including publications in a particular portfolio are that they:

  • form a coherent body of work, and
  • derive from the same underlying research endeavour.

Publications in a portfolio can be published all in the same year or over several years.

Portfolios can only contain non-traditional research output publications.
Portfolios of works are counted as one output for ERA and in the annual collection.

Only closed portfolios are counted in the annual collection and submitted for ERA. Portfolios are closed once all the related non-traditional outputs have been published.

Points are usually assigned to only one record in the portfolio, termed the ‘head’ record. Other records in the portfolio may have the status ‘Complete’ but no points calculated.
Portfolios can be standard or Major.



Source: Research Support

Date updated: 21/05/13

Research is defined as the creation of new knowledge and/or the use of existing knowledge in a new and creative way so as to generate new concepts, methodologies and understandings. This could include synthesis and analysis of previous research to the extent that it leads to new and creative outcomes.

 This definition of research is consistent with a broad notion of research and experimental development (R&D) as comprising of creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.

Research income (HERDC)


Source: 2013 HERDC specifications

Date updated: 21/05/13

Research income is one of the performance measures used by the Commonwealth Government to calculate a variety of performance-based funding allocations, including the Joint Research Engagement (JRE), the Research Training Scheme, Sustainable Research Excellence (SRE) and the Research Infrastructure Block Grant (RIBG).  See the latest 2013 HERDC specifications.

 Generally the income claimed must meet the following requirements:

  • Receipted for research activity that meets the definition of research
  • Be classified into one of the following categories according to the organisation providing the funds:
    • Category 1:  Australian Competitive Grants Register Listed;
    • Category 2: Other Public Sector Research Income;
    • Category 3: Industry and Other Research Income;
    • Category 4: Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) Research Income)

·         Meet the definition of net receipted income

  • Receipted in the appropriate reference year.  For Categories 1, 2 & 3, it’s the 2012 calendar year and for Category 4 CRC, it’s the financial year 2011-2012.

Year of publication

 Source: 2013 HERDC specifications

Date updated: 21/05/13

The definition of published in this context is the date the publication was released to its intended audience.

 Note: HERDC Collections are named for the year they are being reported in, which is the year after that of the publication date, e.g. the 2012 HERDC collection refers to 2011 publications.