Dr Gary Muscatello

BVSc (Melb.), GradCertUnivTeach (Melb.), PhD (Melb.)
Lecturer in Applied Animal Microbiology

B14 - Mcmaster Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9114 0790
Fax +61 2 9351 7348

Research interests

Respiratory biomarkers and infectious disease in the horses. Food-borne pathogens of animal origin; detection and epidemiology. On-farm microbiological diagnostic technologies. Infectious diseases in animal and climate change.

Teaching and supervision

Veterinary Microbiology - Year 3 BVSc

Veterinary Public Health - Year 3 BVSc

Food Safety - Veterinary Public Health Management Research projects - Year 4 AVBS

Food Safety - Year 4 (elective) AVBS (2009+)

Introduction to Veterinary Pathogenesis - Year 2 AVBS (2009+)

Agents of Disease - Year 3 (elective) AVBS (2010+)

Laboratory Disease Investigations - Year 3 (elective) AVBS (2010+)

Undergraduate and Postgraduate research supervision

In the media

ABC Radio National’s Bush Telegraphprogram interviewed Dr Gary Muscatello, Faculty of Veterinary Science, on the preparedness of horse owners to deal with climate change.

Selected grants

2010

  • Respiratory disease and biomarkers in the foal; Muscatello G; Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation/Research Support.

2009

  • Respiratory disease and biomarkers in the foal; Muscatello G; DVC Research/RIRDC Bridging Support Grant.

2008

  • An investigation into symbiosis between virulent Rhodococcus equi and protozoa; Muscatello G; The Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney/Start-up Research Fund.
  • Chemical decontaminated of Rhodococcus equi on horse farms.; Muscatello G; Dorothy Minchin Bequest/Faculty of Veterinary Science Bequest.

Selected publications

Download citations: PDF RTF Endnote

Book Chapters

  • Perkins, N., Sebastian, M., Todhunter, K., Wylie, R., Begg, A., Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Racklyeft, D., Chicken, C., Wilson, M., et al (2007). Pregnancy loss in mares associated with exposure to caterpillars in Kentucky and Australia. In Kip E. Panter, Terrie L. Wierenga, James A. Pfister (Eds.), Poisonous plants : global research and solutions, (pp. 165-169). Cambridge, MA: CABI Publishing.

Journals

  • Schrieber, L., Towers, R., Muscatello, G., Speare, R. (2014). Transmission of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis between Child and Dog in an Aboriginal Australian Community. Zoonoses and Public Health, 61, 145-148. [More Information]
  • Po, E., Williams, C., Muscatello, G., Celi, P. (2013). Assessment of oxidative stress biomarkers in exhaled breath condensate and blood of Thoroughbred foals. The Veterinary Journal, 196, 269-271. [More Information]
  • Todhunter, K., Muscatello, G., Blishen, A., Chicken, C., Perkins, N., Gilkerson, J., Begg, A. (2013). Bacteria isolated from field cases of equine amnionitis and fetal loss. Australian Veterinary Journal, 91(4), 138-142. [More Information]
  • Cauchard, S., Giguere, S., Venner, M., Muscatello, G., Cauchard, J., Cohen, N., Haas, A., Hines, S., Hondalus, M., Horohov, D., et al (2013). Rhodococcus equi research 2008 - 2012: Report of the Fifth International Havemeyer Workshop. Equine Veterinary Journal, 45(5), 523-526. [More Information]
  • Crowley, J., Po, E., Celi, P., Muscatello, G. (2013). Systemic and respiratory oxidative stress in the pathogenesis and diagnosis of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia. Equine Veterinary Journal, 45(S45), 20-25. [More Information]
  • Chicken, C., Muscatello, G., Freestone, J., Anderson, G., Browning, G., Gilkerson, J. (2012). Air sampling in the breathing zone of neonatal foals for prediction of subclinical Rhodococcus equi infection. Equine Veterinary Journal, 44(2), 203-206. [More Information]
  • Muscatello, G. (2012). Rhodococcus equi pneumonia in the foal - Part 1: Pathogenesis and epidemiology. The Veterinary Journal, 192, 20-26. [More Information]
  • Muscatello, G. (2012). Rhodococcus equi pneumonia in the foal - Part 2: Diagnostics, treatment and disease management. The Veterinary Journal, 192(1), 27-33. [More Information]
  • Govendir, M., Norris, J., Hansen, T., Wigney, D., Muscatello, G., Trott, D., Malik, R. (2011). Susceptibility of rapidly growing mycobacteria and Nocardia isolates from cats and dogs to pradofloxacin. Veterinary Microbiology, 153(3-4), 240-245. [More Information]
  • Dawson, T., Horohov, D., Meijer, W., Muscatello, G. (2010). Current understanding of the equine immune response to Rhodocossus equi. An immunological review of R. equi pneumonia. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 135, 1-11.
  • Briscoe, K., Barrs, V., Lindsay, S., Hoffmann, K., Cockwill, K., Muscatello, G., Beatty, J. (2010). Encrusting cystitis in a cat secondary to Corynebacterium urealyticum infection. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 12, 972-977.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2009). Detection of Virulent Rhodococcus equi in Exhaled Air Samples from Naturally Infected Foals. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 47(3), 734-737. [More Information]
  • Todhunter, K., Perkins, N., Wylie, R., Chicken, C., Blishen, A., Racklyeft, D., Muscatello, G., Wilson, M., Adams, P., Gilkerson, J., et al (2009). Equine amnionitis and fetal loss: The case definition for an unrecognised cause of abortion in mares. Australian Veterinary Journal, 87(1-2), 35-38. [More Information]
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2007). Comparison of two selective media for the recovery, isolation, enumeration and differentiation of Rhodococcus equi. Veterinary Microbiology, 119(2-4), 324-329.
  • Muscatello, G., Lowe, J., Flash, M., McBride, K., Browning, G., Gilkerson, J. (2007). Review of the epidemiology and ecology of Rhodococcus equi. American Association of Equine Practitioners. Proceedings of the Annual Convention, 53, 214-217.
  • Muscatello, G., Leadon, D., Klay, M., Ocampo-Sosa, A., Lewis, D., Fogarty, U., Gilkerson, J., Meijer, W., Vazquez-Boland, J. (2007). Rhodococcus equi infection in foals: the science of 'rattles'. Equine Veterinary Journal, 39, 470-478.
  • Muscatello, G., Anderson, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Associations between the Ecology of Virulent Rhodococcus equi and the Epidemiology of R. equi Pneumonia on Australian Thoroughbred Farms. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 72(9), 6152-6160.
  • Phumoonna, T., Muscatello, G., Chicken, C., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G., Barton, M., Heuzenroeder, M. (2006). Clinical Evaluation of a Peptide-ELISA based upon N-terminal B-cell Epitope of the VapA Protein for Diagnosis of Rhodococcus equi Pneumonia in Foals. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B, 53(3), 126-132.
  • Muscatello, G., Gerbaud, S., Kennedy, C., Gilkerson, J., Buckley, T., Klay, M., Leadon, D., Browning, G. (2006). Comparison of concentrations of Rhodococcus equi and virulent R. equi in air of stables and paddocks on horse breeding farms in a temperate climate. Equine Veterinary Journal, 38(3), 263-265.
  • Muscatello, G., Browning, G. (2004). Identification and differentiation of avirulent and virulent Rhodococcus equi using selective media and colony blotting DNA hybridization to determine their concentrations in the environment. Veterinary Microbiology, 100(1-2), 121-127.
  • Muscatello, G. (2003). Rhodococcus equi: The organism and epidemiology. Australian Equine Veterinarian, 22, 190-197.

Conferences

  • Ranade, R., Talukder, S., Muscatello, G., Celi, P. (2013). Assessment of oxidative stress biomarkers in exhaled breath condensate and blood of dairy heifer calves from birth to weaning. American Society of Animal Science (ASAS) and the American Dairy Science Association (ADSA) Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA: American Society of Animal Science.
  • Knight, P., Muscatello, G. (2009). Climate Change and the Racing Industry. 17th International Conference of Racing Analysts and Veterinarians (ICRAV 2008), United Kingdom: R&W Communications.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2008). Epidemiology of Rhodococcus equi diseases: facts and thoughts. 4th Havemeyer Workshop on Rhodococcus equi 2008, United Kingdom: International Rhodococcus equi Consortium.
  • Chicken, C., Gilkerson, J., Begg, A., Browning, G., Muscatello, G. (2008). Proliferation of virulent Rhodococcus equi in the gastrointestinal tract of foals. 4th Havemeyer Workshop on Rhodococcus equi 2008, United Kingdom: International Rhodococcus equi Consortium.
  • Muscatello, G., Lowe, J., Flash, M., McBride, K., Browning, G., Gilkerson, J. (2007). Quantitative air sampling to detect early cases of Rhodococcus equi bronchopneumonia. British Equine Veterinary Association Congress.
  • Chicken, C., Lowe, J., Flash, M., Browning, G., Gilkerson, J., Muscatello, G. (2007). Rhodococcus equi in the gastrointestinal tract of foals. 24th Bain-Fallon memorial lectures.
  • Muscatello, G., Gerbaud, S., Kennedy, C., Gilkerson, J., Buckley, T., Klay, M., Leadon, D., Browning, G. (2006). Comparison of concentrations of Rhodococcus equi and virulent R. equi in air of stables and paddocks on 3 R. equi endemic horse breeding farms in Ireland. British Equine Veterinary Association Congress.
  • Gilkerson, J., Hartley, C., Muscatello, G., Browning, G. (2006). Developing New diagnostic tests for equine infectious diseases. The inaugural Australian Equine Science Symposium.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Effects of selective intensive irrigation on the incidence and prevalence of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia on an endemically affected farm. 27th Bain-Fallon memorial lectures.
  • Muscatello, G., Phumoonna, T., Heuzenroeder, M., Barton, M., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Examination of a VapA specific ELISA and quantitative bacteriological breath sampling in the diagnosis of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia. 9th Congress of the World Equine Veterinary Association.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Revising our understanding of the epidemiology and ecology of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia - Devising new approaches for control. The inaugural Australian Equine Science Symposium.
  • Muscatello, G., Stella, E., Markham, P., McBride, K., Flash, M., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Using DNA sequencing to diagnose unusual pathogens. The inaugural Australian Equine Science Symposium.
  • Stella, E., Muscatello, G., Markham, P., Clarke, A., Gilkerson, J. (2005). A preliminary survey of respiratory disease in Victorian Racehorses. 27th Bain-Fallon memorial lectures.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2005). Foal-to-foal aerosol transmission of virulent Rhodococcus equi: An alternative method of spreading infection within the foal herd. 27th Bain-Fallon memorial lectures.
  • Muscatello, G., Church, S., Whithear, K., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2004). Rhodococcus equi pneumonia: environmental and management factors which influence disease prevalence. 2004 Australian Veterinary Association, Australia: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Muscatello, G., Freestone, J., Church, S., Whithear, K., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2003). Ecological studies of virulent Rhodococcus equi on Australian horse farms. 8th Congress of the World Equine Veterinary Association.
  • Muscatello, G., Church, S., Whithear, K., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2003). The ecology and epidemiology of virulent Rhodococcus equi. The 13th International Symposium on the Biology of Actinomycetes.
  • Muscatello, G., Church, S., Whithear, K., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2002). Ecology of virulent Rhodococcus equi on Thoroughbred studs. 24th Bain-Fallon memorial lectures.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Church, S., Whithear, K., Browning, G. (2002). Virulent Rhodococcus equi on horse farms: sources and spread of rattles. The Dorothy Russell Havemeyer Foundation Workshop on Rhodocococcus equi and equine rhodococcal pneumonia.
  • Muscatello, G., Church, S., Whithear, K., Browning, G. (2001). Air sampling for rattles. RIRDC International Horse Industry Symposium.

Report

  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Rattles in Horses: Effects of Stud Management on Ecology of Virulent Rhodococcus equi.

2014

  • Schrieber, L., Towers, R., Muscatello, G., Speare, R. (2014). Transmission of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis between Child and Dog in an Aboriginal Australian Community. Zoonoses and Public Health, 61, 145-148. [More Information]

2013

  • Ranade, R., Talukder, S., Muscatello, G., Celi, P. (2013). Assessment of oxidative stress biomarkers in exhaled breath condensate and blood of dairy heifer calves from birth to weaning. American Society of Animal Science (ASAS) and the American Dairy Science Association (ADSA) Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA: American Society of Animal Science.
  • Po, E., Williams, C., Muscatello, G., Celi, P. (2013). Assessment of oxidative stress biomarkers in exhaled breath condensate and blood of Thoroughbred foals. The Veterinary Journal, 196, 269-271. [More Information]
  • Todhunter, K., Muscatello, G., Blishen, A., Chicken, C., Perkins, N., Gilkerson, J., Begg, A. (2013). Bacteria isolated from field cases of equine amnionitis and fetal loss. Australian Veterinary Journal, 91(4), 138-142. [More Information]
  • Cauchard, S., Giguere, S., Venner, M., Muscatello, G., Cauchard, J., Cohen, N., Haas, A., Hines, S., Hondalus, M., Horohov, D., et al (2013). Rhodococcus equi research 2008 - 2012: Report of the Fifth International Havemeyer Workshop. Equine Veterinary Journal, 45(5), 523-526. [More Information]
  • Crowley, J., Po, E., Celi, P., Muscatello, G. (2013). Systemic and respiratory oxidative stress in the pathogenesis and diagnosis of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia. Equine Veterinary Journal, 45(S45), 20-25. [More Information]

2012

  • Chicken, C., Muscatello, G., Freestone, J., Anderson, G., Browning, G., Gilkerson, J. (2012). Air sampling in the breathing zone of neonatal foals for prediction of subclinical Rhodococcus equi infection. Equine Veterinary Journal, 44(2), 203-206. [More Information]
  • Muscatello, G. (2012). Rhodococcus equi pneumonia in the foal - Part 1: Pathogenesis and epidemiology. The Veterinary Journal, 192, 20-26. [More Information]
  • Muscatello, G. (2012). Rhodococcus equi pneumonia in the foal - Part 2: Diagnostics, treatment and disease management. The Veterinary Journal, 192(1), 27-33. [More Information]

2011

  • Govendir, M., Norris, J., Hansen, T., Wigney, D., Muscatello, G., Trott, D., Malik, R. (2011). Susceptibility of rapidly growing mycobacteria and Nocardia isolates from cats and dogs to pradofloxacin. Veterinary Microbiology, 153(3-4), 240-245. [More Information]

2010

  • Dawson, T., Horohov, D., Meijer, W., Muscatello, G. (2010). Current understanding of the equine immune response to Rhodocossus equi. An immunological review of R. equi pneumonia. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 135, 1-11.
  • Briscoe, K., Barrs, V., Lindsay, S., Hoffmann, K., Cockwill, K., Muscatello, G., Beatty, J. (2010). Encrusting cystitis in a cat secondary to Corynebacterium urealyticum infection. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 12, 972-977.

2009

  • Knight, P., Muscatello, G. (2009). Climate Change and the Racing Industry. 17th International Conference of Racing Analysts and Veterinarians (ICRAV 2008), United Kingdom: R&W Communications.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2009). Detection of Virulent Rhodococcus equi in Exhaled Air Samples from Naturally Infected Foals. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 47(3), 734-737. [More Information]
  • Todhunter, K., Perkins, N., Wylie, R., Chicken, C., Blishen, A., Racklyeft, D., Muscatello, G., Wilson, M., Adams, P., Gilkerson, J., et al (2009). Equine amnionitis and fetal loss: The case definition for an unrecognised cause of abortion in mares. Australian Veterinary Journal, 87(1-2), 35-38. [More Information]

2008

  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2008). Epidemiology of Rhodococcus equi diseases: facts and thoughts. 4th Havemeyer Workshop on Rhodococcus equi 2008, United Kingdom: International Rhodococcus equi Consortium.
  • Chicken, C., Gilkerson, J., Begg, A., Browning, G., Muscatello, G. (2008). Proliferation of virulent Rhodococcus equi in the gastrointestinal tract of foals. 4th Havemeyer Workshop on Rhodococcus equi 2008, United Kingdom: International Rhodococcus equi Consortium.

2007

  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2007). Comparison of two selective media for the recovery, isolation, enumeration and differentiation of Rhodococcus equi. Veterinary Microbiology, 119(2-4), 324-329.
  • Perkins, N., Sebastian, M., Todhunter, K., Wylie, R., Begg, A., Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Racklyeft, D., Chicken, C., Wilson, M., et al (2007). Pregnancy loss in mares associated with exposure to caterpillars in Kentucky and Australia. In Kip E. Panter, Terrie L. Wierenga, James A. Pfister (Eds.), Poisonous plants : global research and solutions, (pp. 165-169). Cambridge, MA: CABI Publishing.
  • Muscatello, G., Lowe, J., Flash, M., McBride, K., Browning, G., Gilkerson, J. (2007). Quantitative air sampling to detect early cases of Rhodococcus equi bronchopneumonia. British Equine Veterinary Association Congress.
  • Muscatello, G., Lowe, J., Flash, M., McBride, K., Browning, G., Gilkerson, J. (2007). Review of the epidemiology and ecology of Rhodococcus equi. American Association of Equine Practitioners. Proceedings of the Annual Convention, 53, 214-217.
  • Chicken, C., Lowe, J., Flash, M., Browning, G., Gilkerson, J., Muscatello, G. (2007). Rhodococcus equi in the gastrointestinal tract of foals. 24th Bain-Fallon memorial lectures.
  • Muscatello, G., Leadon, D., Klay, M., Ocampo-Sosa, A., Lewis, D., Fogarty, U., Gilkerson, J., Meijer, W., Vazquez-Boland, J. (2007). Rhodococcus equi infection in foals: the science of 'rattles'. Equine Veterinary Journal, 39, 470-478.

2006

  • Muscatello, G., Anderson, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Associations between the Ecology of Virulent Rhodococcus equi and the Epidemiology of R. equi Pneumonia on Australian Thoroughbred Farms. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 72(9), 6152-6160.
  • Phumoonna, T., Muscatello, G., Chicken, C., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G., Barton, M., Heuzenroeder, M. (2006). Clinical Evaluation of a Peptide-ELISA based upon N-terminal B-cell Epitope of the VapA Protein for Diagnosis of Rhodococcus equi Pneumonia in Foals. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B, 53(3), 126-132.
  • Muscatello, G., Gerbaud, S., Kennedy, C., Gilkerson, J., Buckley, T., Klay, M., Leadon, D., Browning, G. (2006). Comparison of concentrations of Rhodococcus equi and virulent R. equi in air of stables and paddocks on 3 R. equi endemic horse breeding farms in Ireland. British Equine Veterinary Association Congress.
  • Muscatello, G., Gerbaud, S., Kennedy, C., Gilkerson, J., Buckley, T., Klay, M., Leadon, D., Browning, G. (2006). Comparison of concentrations of Rhodococcus equi and virulent R. equi in air of stables and paddocks on horse breeding farms in a temperate climate. Equine Veterinary Journal, 38(3), 263-265.
  • Gilkerson, J., Hartley, C., Muscatello, G., Browning, G. (2006). Developing New diagnostic tests for equine infectious diseases. The inaugural Australian Equine Science Symposium.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Effects of selective intensive irrigation on the incidence and prevalence of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia on an endemically affected farm. 27th Bain-Fallon memorial lectures.
  • Muscatello, G., Phumoonna, T., Heuzenroeder, M., Barton, M., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Examination of a VapA specific ELISA and quantitative bacteriological breath sampling in the diagnosis of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia. 9th Congress of the World Equine Veterinary Association.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Rattles in Horses: Effects of Stud Management on Ecology of Virulent Rhodococcus equi.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Revising our understanding of the epidemiology and ecology of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia - Devising new approaches for control. The inaugural Australian Equine Science Symposium.
  • Muscatello, G., Stella, E., Markham, P., McBride, K., Flash, M., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2006). Using DNA sequencing to diagnose unusual pathogens. The inaugural Australian Equine Science Symposium.

2005

  • Stella, E., Muscatello, G., Markham, P., Clarke, A., Gilkerson, J. (2005). A preliminary survey of respiratory disease in Victorian Racehorses. 27th Bain-Fallon memorial lectures.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2005). Foal-to-foal aerosol transmission of virulent Rhodococcus equi: An alternative method of spreading infection within the foal herd. 27th Bain-Fallon memorial lectures.

2004

  • Muscatello, G., Browning, G. (2004). Identification and differentiation of avirulent and virulent Rhodococcus equi using selective media and colony blotting DNA hybridization to determine their concentrations in the environment. Veterinary Microbiology, 100(1-2), 121-127.
  • Muscatello, G., Church, S., Whithear, K., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2004). Rhodococcus equi pneumonia: environmental and management factors which influence disease prevalence. 2004 Australian Veterinary Association, Australia: Australian Veterinary Association.

2003

  • Muscatello, G., Freestone, J., Church, S., Whithear, K., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2003). Ecological studies of virulent Rhodococcus equi on Australian horse farms. 8th Congress of the World Equine Veterinary Association.
  • Muscatello, G. (2003). Rhodococcus equi: The organism and epidemiology. Australian Equine Veterinarian, 22, 190-197.
  • Muscatello, G., Church, S., Whithear, K., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2003). The ecology and epidemiology of virulent Rhodococcus equi. The 13th International Symposium on the Biology of Actinomycetes.

2002

  • Muscatello, G., Church, S., Whithear, K., Gilkerson, J., Browning, G. (2002). Ecology of virulent Rhodococcus equi on Thoroughbred studs. 24th Bain-Fallon memorial lectures.
  • Muscatello, G., Gilkerson, J., Church, S., Whithear, K., Browning, G. (2002). Virulent Rhodococcus equi on horse farms: sources and spread of rattles. The Dorothy Russell Havemeyer Foundation Workshop on Rhodocococcus equi and equine rhodococcal pneumonia.

2001

  • Muscatello, G., Church, S., Whithear, K., Browning, G. (2001). Air sampling for rattles. RIRDC International Horse Industry Symposium.

For support on your academic profile contact .