Professor Richard Whittington

  BVSc (Hons 1, University Medal) MACVSc PhD GAICD FASM
Chair Farm Animal Health

C01A - Jl Shute - Camden
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 1619
Fax +61 2 9351 1618

Biographical details

Richard graduated with a BVSc from The University of Sydney and spent several years in small and mixed animal practice on the NSW south coast and in the United Kingdom before undergoing training with NSW Agriculture in Veterinary Pathology. Following five years as a diagnostic pathologist Richard commenced full time research at the Veterinary Research Station, Glenfield and Elizabeth Macarthur Agricultural Institute, working mainly in microbiology, virology and immunology of economically significant diseases of sheep and fish, and completed a PhD on the immunology of Dichelobacter nodosus infection in sheep at the University of Sydney.

Richard currently leads research on the pathobiology of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, the cause of Johne's disease in ruminants, and infectious diseases of finfish and wildlife including the platypus. His research activity encompasses epidemiology, diagnostic test development and validation, biosecurity, import risk analysis for aquatic animal health, and the impact of viral infections on conservation of threatened aquatic finfish species. Major studies involve vaccine development for D.nodosus infection in sheep, molecular studies of viruses and bacteria, immune responses and pathology in individual animals and animal populations. This aims to improve understanding of host-pathogen interactions and will lead to development of improved diagnostic tests, vaccines and other disease control strategies. This research is conducted at Camden in specialist infectious diseases laboratories and involves a large and dynamic group of young scientists, post graduate students and support staff. Richard also leads several international projects in Indonesia. He teaches in veterinary public health, microbiology, pathology and ruminant and aquatic animal health. Richard was the inaugural chair of the Veterinary Public Health Management Program, a unique post graduate course work degree program for animal health professionals. Richard is an OIE-nominated technical expert on EHN virus and ranavirus, and jointly manages the reference laboratories for these agents for the OIE in conjunction with CSIRO AAHL. He is a member of national and international scientific committees and a board member of the International Association for Paratuberculosis.

Teaching and supervision

Ruminant Health & Production

Aquaculture Health & Production (proposed) Veterinary Microbiology Animal Husbandry 1B Post Graduate Course: Veterinary Public Health Management

In the media

ABC1 Sydney’s Landline interviewed Professor Richard Whittington from the Faculty of Veterinary Science about oyster farming.

666 ABC Canberra, Radio National Canberra's Country Breakfast and Radio National Canberra (AM) interviewed Professor Richard Whittington from the Faculty of Veterinary Science from about the Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome.

891 ABC Adelaide, ABC News Radio Melbourne, 612 ABC Brisbane News interviewed Professor Richard Whittington from the Faculty of Veterinary Science from about the spread of Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome.

ABC Rural interviewed Professor Richard Whittington from the Faculty of Veterinary Science about his research into testing for Johne’s disease.

Professor Richard Whittington was interviewed by ABC Northern Tasmania about a recent World Bank report into farmed fish. He was also interviewed by ABC Gippsland on the same topic

ABC Radio National’s Bush Telegraph interviewed Professor Richard Whittington from the Faculty of Veterinary Science on his presentation to the University’s food security conference discussing the importance of Australian fish farming expertise internationally, how it is replacing traditional fishing, and how it supports Asian countries.

Selected grants

2014

  • Virulent footrot diagnosis; Whittington R, Dhungyel O; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/Research and Development Grant.
  • Aquatic animal health subprogram: Strategic approaches to identifying pathogens of quarantine concern associated with the importation of ornamental fish; Becker J, Crane M, Dhand N, Hick P, Hutson K, Miller T, Robinson A, Stephens F, Toribio J, Whittington R; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Annual Open Call Round.

2013

  • Improving fish health management and production protocols in marine finfish aquaculture in Indonesia and Australia; Whittington R; Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)/Research and Development Programs.
  • Development of a cross-protective footrot vaccine using reverse vaccinology; Rood J, Kennan R, Whittington R, Dhungyel O; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/MLA Livestock Production Research and Development Program.
  • QX100 Droplet Digital PCR system for Shared Used at the Open Access, Multi-User Molecular Biology Core Facility; Richardson D, Kril J, Murphy C, Vandenberg R, Rendina L, Dos Remedios C, Ju Y, Kovacevic Z, Lyons G, Sutherland G, Lay P, Ammit A, Lai D, Morris B, Day M, Dong Q, Bao B, Huang M, Camp A, Boyer M, Whittington R, Byrne M, Hanrahan J, Fu D, Jansson P, Lane D, Bagley E, Hibbs D, Zhang D, Fraser S, Scolyer R, Black J, Halliday G, Christie M, Zreiqat H, Murray M, Slobedman B, Naylor M, Burgess J, Triccas J, Mason R, Chadban S, Combes V, Lovicu F, McLennan S, Kalinowski D, Sharland A, Johnstone D, Groundwater P, Dixon K, Zhou F, Lovejoy D, Lu Z, Zhu L, Goldsbury C, Witting P, Buckland M, Assinder S, Purdie (Williams) A, Codd R, Owens T, Hambly B; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.

2012

  • 2012 International Travel Bursary - Aquatic animal health training scheme - visiting expert Dr Teruo Miyazaki; Whittington R, Miyazaki T; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/People Development Program.
  • Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Pacific oyster mortality syndrome (POMS) - risk mitigation, epidemiology and OsHV-1 biology; Whittington R, Dhand N, Hick P; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Annual Open Call Round.
  • Fighting disease on farms: how do vaccinations drive evolution of new pathogen strains?; Barnes A, Whittington R, Ward M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2011

  • Collection of resource material for Johne's disease test validation in beef cattle; Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/Livestock Production Research and Development Program: Strategic and Applied Research Funding.
  • OJD/BJD: Diagnostic, predictive and preventative tools for Johne's disease in sheep and cattle; Whittington R, Begg D, de Silva K, Plain K, Purdie (Williams) A, Dhand N; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/Livestock Production Research and Development Program: Strategic and Applied Research Funding.
  • Genotype and susceptibility to paratuberculosis in cattle - Silirum trial herds; Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/Livestock Production Research and Development Program: Strategic and Applied Research Funding.
  • E. coli O157 colonisation and shedding in cattle; Ward M, Dhungyel O, Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/Human Nutrition Research Program.
  • Scoping study for fish health-mariculture and rabbitfish aquaculture development in Indonesia; Whittington R, Rimmer M, Wullur S, Giri N; Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)/Research and Development Programs.
  • Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Pacific oyster mortality syndrome (POMS) - understanding biotic and abiotic environmental and husbandry effects to reduce economic losses; Whittington R, Paul-Pont I, Dhand N; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Annual Open Call Round.

2010

  • Extended examination of changes in within-flock prevalence of M Ptb shedding following vaccination with Gudair for OJD in flocks with high, medium and low initial prevalence; Windsor P, Whittington R, Dhand N; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/Livestock Production Research and Development Program: Strategic and Applied Research Funding.
  • Diversification of smallholder coastal aquaculture in Indonesia; Whittington R; Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)/Research and Development Programs.
  • Immunolipidomics for Diagnosis of Mycobacterial Disease in Livestock; Whittington R; DVC International/IPDF Grant.

2009

  • Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Tools for investigation of the nodavirus carrier state in marine, euryhaline and freshwater fish and control of NNV through integrated management; Whittington R; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Annual Open Call Round.
  • Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Surveys of ornamental fish for pathogens of quarantine significance; Becker J, Lintermans M, Whittington R; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Annual Open Call Round.
  • Determinants for White Spot Disease outbreaks in Indonesian smallholder shrimp ponds - a pilot study of locality factors, White Spot Syndrome Virus genotype distributions and pond factors; Whittington R, Walker P, Taslihan A, Sumiarto B; Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)/Research and Development Programs.
  • Control of nodaviral disease in tropical marine finfish hatcheries: Enhanced biosecurity through the application of contemporary biotechnology, epidemiology and pathobiology; Whittington R, Kusnender E; Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)/Research and Development Programs.

2008

  • Optimal sampling strategies for microbiological diagnosis of ovine virulent footrot (Dichelobacter nodosus) for targeted vaccination; Whittington R, Hill A, Hill A; University of Sydney/International Visiting Research Fellowship (IVRF).
  • Study of the differential protein expression in benign and virulent strains of Dichelobacter nodosus by 2D Gel Electrophoresis & surface Enhanced Laser Desorption Ionisation - Protein Chip (SELDI) technology; Dhungyel O, Whittington R; McGarvie Smith Fund/Research Support.
  • Bovine Johnes disease - basic and applied research for improved diagnosis and prevention; Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/MLA Livestock Production Research and Development Program.
  • Heat inactivation of Mptb in lamb meat; Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/MLA Livestock Production Research and Development Program.
  • Ovine Johnes Disease - Applications of basic research on enhanced diagnosis and prevention; Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/MLA Livestock Production Research and Development Program.

2007

  • Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: validation of PCR tests for diagnosis of megalocytivirus (gourami iridovirus) and cyprinid herpesvirus 2 (goldfish herpesvirus); Whittington R; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Annual Open Call Round.
  • Improving productivity and profitability of smallholder shrimp aquaculture and related agribusinesses in Indonesia; Whittington R; Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)/International Agricultural Research.

2006

  • A New Unit In Veterinary Public Health And Food Safety At The University Of Sydney; Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/Research and Development Grant.
  • Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Current And Future Needs For Aquatic Animal Health Training And For Systems For Merit Based Accreditation And Competency Assessments; Whittington R, Jones B; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Research and Development Grant.

2005

  • Eradication Of Footrot By Specific Vaccination; Whittington R; Australian Wool Innovation Limited/Research and Development.
  • Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Establishment Of A National Aquatic Animal Health Diagnostic Network; Whittington R; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Research and Development Grants.
  • Biotechnology and epidemiology to control nodavirus in barramundi aquaculture; Schipp G, Macpherson J, Hubbert L, Melville L, Whittington R; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Presence Of Mycobacterium Avium Subsp. Paratuberculosis In Red Meat; Whittington R, Reddacliff L; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/Research and Development Grants.
  • Arc Centre For Structural And Functional Microbial Genomics - The Role Of Dichelobacter Nodosus Genes In Pathogenesis Of Footrot In Sheep; Whittington R; ARC Centre of Excellence in Structural and Functional Microbial Genomics/Research Support.

2004

  • Not Known - To be advised; Whittington R; CRC Biosecurity/Research Grants.
  • Research funding to support acquisition of a ProteinChip Biomarker System; Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/MLA Livestock Production Research and Development Program.
  • Identification of risk factors for OJD infection level in sheep flocks; Toribio J, Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/MLA Livestock Production Research and Development Program.

2003

  • CRC-2003-Biosecurity (DO NOT confuse with #8857); Field L, Whittington R, Hirst T.
  • Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram : Development of diagnostic and reference for epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus in finfish; Whittington R; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Annual Open Call Round.
  • Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram : Pilchard herpes virus infection in wild pilchards; Whittington R; Fisheries Research and Development Corporation/Annual Open Call Round.
  • Changes in within-flock prevalence of Mycobacterium Avium paratuberculosis shedding following vaccination with Gudair in high and low prevalence stock flocks; Windsor P, Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/MLA Livestock Production Research and Development Program.

2002

  • Improved understanding of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis and Johnes Disease - development and standardisaton of research assays; Whittington R; Mc Garvie Smith Institute - Grants/Research Grant.
  • An Epidemiology and Pathobiology, Training and Research Unit at the University of Sydney; Rose R, Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/MLA Livestock Production Research and Development Program.
  • Epidemiology of Ovine Johnes disease 2 - Pasture contamination level, age susceptibility and diagnostic tests; Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/MLA Livestock Production Research and Development Program.
  • Pathogenesis of OJD - Strategic Research for Diagnosis and Prevention; Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/MLA Livestock Production Research and Development Program.

2000

  • Field evaluation of OJD control using Gudair vaccine; Windsor P, Reddacliff L, Whittington R; Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd/MLA Livestock Production Research and Development Program.

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2010). Paratuberculosis in sheep. In Marcel A. Behr and Desmond M Collins. (Eds.), Paratuberculosis: organism, disease, control, (pp. 157-168). Wallingford, UK ; Cambridge, MA: CABI Publishing.
  • Whittington, R., Hyatt, A. (2009). Epizootic Haematopoietic Necrosis. In not known (Eds.), Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals, (pp. 168-187). Paris, France: Office international des épizooties.
  • Whittington, R., Hyatt, A. (2006). Epizootic Haematopoietic Necrosis. In not known (Eds.), Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals, (pp. 82-103). Paris, France: Office international des épizooties.
  • Whittington, R. (2004). Johne's Disease. In Phillip R. Scott (Eds.), Sheep Medicine, (pp. 81-100). London: Manson Publishing.
  • Whittington, R. (2001). Chlamydiosis of koalas. In Elizabeth S. Williams & Ian Barker (Eds.), Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals, (pp. 423-434). United States: Blackwell Publishing Professionals.

Journals

  • Gurung, R., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2014). Antigenicity in sheep of synthetic peptides derived from stress-regulated Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis proteins and comparison with recombinant protein and complex native antigens. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 158(1-2), 46-52. [More Information]
  • Gurung, R., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R., Begg, D. (2014). Cellular and humoral immune responses in sheep vaccinated with candidate antigens MAP2698c and MAP3567 from Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, 14(Article 93), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Paul-Pont, I., Evans, O., Dhand, N., Rubio, A., Coad, P., Whittington, R. (2014). Descriptive epidemiology of mass mortality due to Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) in commercially farmed Pacific oysters(Crassostrea gigas) in Hawkesbury River estuary, Australia. Aquaculture, 422-423, 146-159. [More Information]
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2014). Effectiveness of Gudair™ vaccine for the control of ovine Johne's disease in flocks vaccinating for at least 5 years. Australian Veterinary Journal, 92(7), 263-268. [More Information]
  • Eppleston, J., Begg, D., Dhand, N., Watt, B., Whittington, R. (2014). Environmental Survival of mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in Different Climatic Zones of Eastern Australia. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 80(8), 2337-2342. [More Information]
  • Thirunavukkarasu, S., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Begg, D., Whittington, R., Purdie (Williams), A. (2014). Expression of genes associated with cholesterol and lipid metabolism identified as a novel pathway in the early pathogenesis of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis - infection in cattle. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 160(3-4), 147-157. [More Information]
  • Dhungyel, O., Hunter, J., Whittington, R. (2014). Footrot vaccines and vaccination. Vaccine, 32(1), 3139-3146. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Marsh, I., Waldron, A., Galea, F., Whittington, A., Saunders, V., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2014). High-Throughput Direct Faecal PCR Assay to detect Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in sheep and cattle. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 52(3), 745-757. [More Information]
  • Gurung, R., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Bach, H., Whittington, R. (2014). Immunoreactivity of protein tyrosine phosphatase A (PtpA) in sera from sheep infected with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 160, 129-132. [More Information]
  • Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Rimmer, A., Landos, M., Lintermans, M., Whittington, R. (2014). Incursions of Cyprinid herpes virus 2 in goldfish populations in Australia despite quarantine practices. Aquaculture, 432, 53-59. [More Information]
  • Gurung, R., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., de Silva, K., Bannantine, J., Whittington, R. (2014). Lymphoproliferative and IFN-y responses to stress-regulated Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis recombinant proteins. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 21(6), 831-837. [More Information]
  • Gurung, R., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Bannantine, J., Whittington, R. (2013). Antigenicity of Recombinant Maltose Binding Protein-Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis Fusion Proteins with and without Factor Xa Cleaving. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 20(12), 1817-1826. [More Information]
  • de Silva, K., Browne, S., Begg, D., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2013). Apoptosis of lymph node and peripheral blood cells in ovine Johne's disease. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 156(1-2), 82-90. [More Information]
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Kawaji, S., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). Can early host responses to mycobacterial infection predict eventual disease outcomes? Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 112, 203-212. [More Information]
  • Thirunavukkarasu, S., Plain, K., Eckstein, T., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2013). Cellular and humoral immunogenicity of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis specific lipopentapeptide antigens. Research In Veterinary Science, 95, 123-129. [More Information]
  • Dhungyel, O., Hill, A., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). Comparative study of the commonly used virulence tests for laboratory diagnosis of ovine footrot caused by Dichelobacter nodosus in Australia. Veterinary Microbiology, 162, 756-760. [More Information]
  • Dhand, N., Johnson, W., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Windsor, P. (2013). Comparison of pre- and post-vaccination ovine Johne's disease prevalence using a Bayesian approach. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 111, 81-91. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Whittington, A., Waldron, A., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Plain, K. (2013). Development and validation of a liquid medium (M7H9C) for routine culture of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis to replace modified Bactec 12B medium. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 51(12), 3993-4000. [More Information]
  • Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Gilligan, D., Asmus, M., Whittington, R. (2013). Experimental Infection of Australian Freshwater Fish with Epizootic Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus (EHNV). Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 25, 66-76. [More Information]
  • Thirunavukkarasu, S., de Silva, K., Whittington, R., Plain, K. (2013). In vivo and in vitro expression pattern of Toll-like receptors in Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 156, 20-31. [More Information]
  • Paul-Pont, I., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). Influence of husbandry practices on OsHV-1 associated mortality of Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas. Aquaculture, 412-413, 202-214. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Whittington, R. (2013). Molecular epidemiology of betanodavirus - Sequence analysis strategies and quasispecies influence outbreak source attribution. Virology, 436(1), 15-23. [More Information]
  • Dhungyel, O., Shiller, N., Eppleston, J., Lehmann, D., Nilon, P., Ewers, A., Whittington, R. (2013). Outbreak-specific monovalent/bivalent vaccination to control and eradicate virulent ovine footrot. Vaccine, 31, 1701-1706. [More Information]
  • Paul-Pont, I., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). Spatial distribution of mortality in Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas: reflection on mechanisms of OsHV-1 transmission. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 105, 127-138. [More Information]
  • Bower (Goldsmith), K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2013). Tissue localisation of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis following artificially induced intracellular and naked bacteraemia. Veterinary Microbiology, 162(1), 112-118. [More Information]
  • Jaramillo, D., Tweedie, A., Becker, J., Hyatt, A., Crameri, S., Whittington, R. (2012). A validated quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection of ranaviruses (Family Iridoviridae) in fish tissue and cell cultures, using EHNV as a model. Aquaculture, 356-357(2012), 186-192. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A. (2012). Comparative immunological and microbiological aspects of paratuberculosis as a model mycobacterial infection. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 148(1-2), 29-47.
  • Kawaji, S., Nagata, R., Whittington, R., Mori, Y. (2012). Detection of antibody responses against Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis stress-associated proteins within 30 weeks after infection in cattle. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 150(1-2), 101-111. [More Information]
  • Rimmer, A., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2012). Development of a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay for the detection of dwarf gourami iridovirus (DGIV) and other megalocytiviruses and comparison with the Office International des Epizooties (OIE) reference PCR protocol. Aquaculture, 358-359, 155-163. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). Enhancement of the interferon gamma assay to detect paratuberculosis using interleukin-7 and interleukin-12 potentiation. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 149(1-2), 28-37. [More Information]
  • Kawaji, S., Gumber, S., Whittington, R. (2012). Evaluation of the immunogenicity of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) stress-associated recombinant proteins. Veterinary Microbiology, 155(2-4), 298-309. [More Information]
  • Purdie (Williams), A., Plain, K., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2012). Expression of genes associated with the antigen presentation and processing pathway are consistently regulated in early Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: the international journal for medical and veterinary researchers and practitioners, 35(2), 151-162. [More Information]
  • Gurung, R., Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2012). In silico identification of epitopes in Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis proteins that were upregulated under stress conditions. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 19(6), 855-864. [More Information]
  • Gurung, R., Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2012). In silico screened Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) recombinant proteins upregulated under stress conditions are immunogenic in sheep. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 149(3-4), 186-196. [More Information]
  • Bryant, B., Blyde, D., Eamens, G., Whittington, R. (2012). Mycobacterium Avium subspecies Paratuberculosis Cultured from the Feces of a Southern black Rhinoceros (Diceros Bicornis Minor) with Diarrhea and Weight Loss. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 43(2), 391-393. [More Information]
  • McGregor, H., Dhand, N., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2012). Transmission of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis: Dose-response and age-based susceptibility in a sheep model. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 107(1-2), 76-84. [More Information]
  • Rimmer, A., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2012). Validation of high throughput methods for tissue disruption and nucleic acid extraction for ranaviruses (family Iridoviridae). Aquaculture, 338-341(29th March 2012), 23-28. [More Information]
  • Debenham, J., Johnson, R., Vogelnest, L., Phalen, D., Whittington, R., Slapeta, J. (2012). Year-Long Presence of Eimeria Echidnae and Absence of Eimeria Tachyglossi in Captive Short-beaked Echidnas (Tachyglossus Aculeatus). Journal of Parasitology, 98(3), 543-549. [More Information]
  • Kawaji, S., Begg, D., Plain, K., Whittington, R. (2011). A longitudinal study to evaluate the diagnostic potential of a direct faecal quantitative PCR test for Johne's disease in sheep. Veterinary Microbiology, 148(1), 35-44. [More Information]
  • Zhong, L., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2011). Biomarker discovery for ovine paratuberculosis (Johne's disease) by Proteomic serum profiling. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: the international journal for medical and veterinary researchers and practitioners, 34(4), 315-326. [More Information]
  • Purdie (Williams), A., Plain, K., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2011). Candidate gene and genome-wide association studies of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection in cattle and sheep: A review. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: the international journal for medical and veterinary researchers and practitioners, 34(3), 197-208. [More Information]
  • Gardner, I., Nielsen, S., Whittington, R., Collins, M., Bakker, D., Harris, B., Sreevatsan, S., Lombard, J., Sweeney, R., Smith, D., et al (2011). Consensus-based reporting standards for diagnostic test accuracy studies for paratuberculosis in ruminants. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 101(1-2), 18-34. [More Information]
  • Bower (Goldsmith), K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2011). Culture of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) from blood and extra-intestinal tissues in experimentally infected sheep. Veterinary Microbiology, 147(1-2), 127-132. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Marsh, I., Saunders, V., Grant, I., Juste, R., Sevilla, I., Manning, E., Whitlock, R. (2011). Culture Phenotype of Genomically and Geographically Diverse Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis Isolated from Different Hosts. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 49(5), 1822-1830. [More Information]
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Carter, N., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2011). Does a Th1 over Th2 dominancy really exist in the early stages of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infections? Immunobiology, 216(7), 840-846. [More Information]
  • Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Whittington, R. (2011). Effect of unvaccinated Merino wether lambs on shedding of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in flocks vaccinating for ovine Johne's disease. Australian Veterinary Journal, 89(1-2), 38-40. [More Information]
  • Wickins, S., Dennis, M., Landos, M., Slapeta, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Histopathological survey of lesions and infections affecting sick ornamental fish in pet shops in New South Wales, Australia. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 94(2), 143-152. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., de Silva, K., Earl, J., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2011). Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase, Tryptophan Catabolism, and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis: a model for Chronic Mycobacterial Infection. Infection and Immunity, 79(9), 3821-3832. [More Information]
  • Dennis, M., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2011). Longitudinal Study of Clinicopathological Features of Johne's Disease in Sheep Naturally Exposed to Mycobacterium avium Subspecies Paratuberculosis. Veterinary Pathology, 48(3), 565-575. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2011). Optimization of Betanodavirus culture and enumeration in striped snakehead fish cells. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 23(3), 465-475. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Recurrent outbreaks of viral nervous necrosis in intensively cultured barramundi (Lates calcarifer) due to horizontal transmission of betanodavirus and recommendations for disease control. Aquaculture, 319, 41-52. [More Information]
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2011). The interleukin 10 response in ovine Johne's disease. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 139(1), 10-16. [More Information]
  • Cleland, P., Lehmann, D., Phillips, P., Cousins, D., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2010). A survey to detect the presence of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in Kangaroo Island macropods. Veterinary Microbiology, 145(3-4), 339-346. [More Information]
  • Dukkipati, V., Blair, H., Garrick, D., Lopez-Villalobos, N., Whittington, R., Reddacliff, L., Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Murray, A. (2010). Association of microsatellite polymorphisms with immune responses to a killed Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis vaccine in Merino sheep. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 58(5), 237-245.
  • Hill, A., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2010). Diagnostic sampling strategies for virulent ovine footrot: Simulating detection of Dichelobacter nodosus serogroups for bivalent vaccine formulation. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 95(1-2), 127-136. [More Information]
  • Dhand, N., Sergeant, E., Toribio, J., Whittington, R. (2010). Estimation of sensitivity and flock-sensitivity of pooled faecal culture for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sheep. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 95, 248-257.
  • Windsor, P., Whittington, R. (2010). Evidence for age susceptibility of cattle to Johne's disease. The Veterinary Journal, 184, 37-44.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Bower (Goldsmith), K., Zhong, L., Kawaji, S., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2010). Experimental infection model for Johne's disease using a lyophilised, pure culture, seedstock of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Veterinary Microbiology, 141, 301-311.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Dennis, M. (2010). Iridovirus infections in finfish - critical review with emphasis on ranaviruses. Journal of Fish Diseases, 33(2), 95-122. [More Information]
  • Reddacliff, L., Marsh, I., Fell, S., Austin, S., Whittington, R. (2010). Isolation of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis from muscle and peripheral lymph nodes using acid-pepsin digest prior to BACTEC culture. Veterinary Microbiology, 145(1-2), 122-128.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2010). Modulation of inter-vaccination interval to avoid antigenic competition in multivalent footrot (Dichelobacter nodosus) vaccines in sheep. Vaccine, 28(2), 470-473. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2010). Optimisation and validation of a real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of betanodavirus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163, 368-377. [More Information]
  • Bower (Goldsmith), K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2010). Optimisation of culture of Mycobacterium avium subspecies  paratuberculosis from blood samples. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 80, 93-99. [More Information]
  • Bosward, K., Dhand, N., Begg, D., Thomson, P., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2010). Optimization of a whole blood gamma interferon assay for the detection of sheep infected with mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 22(2), 210-217.
  • Kawaji, S., Zhong, L., Whittington, R. (2010). Partial proteome of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis under oxidative and nitrosative stress. Veterinary Microbiology, 145(3-4), 252-264.
  • Hick, P., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2010). Preparation of fish tissues for optimal detection of betanodavirus. Aquaculture, 310, 20-26. [More Information]
  • Zhong, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2010). Proteomic profiling of Ovine Serum by SELDI-TOF MS: Optimisation, reproducibility and feasibility of biomarker discovery using routinely collected samples. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: the international journal for medical and veterinary researchers and practitioners, 33(1), 47-63. [More Information]
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Carter, N., Taylor, D., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R. (2010). The early lympocyte proliferation response in sheep exposed to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis  compared to infection status. Immunobiology, 215(1), 12-25.
  • Kennan, R., Wong, W., Dhungyel, O., Han, X., Wong, D., Parker, D., Rosado, C., Law, R., McGowan, S., Reeve, S., Whittington, R., et al (2010). The Subtilisin-Like Protease AprV2 Is Required for Virulence and Uses a Novel Disulphide-Tethered Exosite to Bind Substrates. PLoS Pathogens, 6(11), e1001210 - 1-e1001210 - 12. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Waldron, A., Warne, D. (2010). Thermal inactivation profiles of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in lamb skeletal muscle homogenate fluid. International Journal Of Food Microbiology, 137, 32-39. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Waldron, A. (2010). Thermal profiles of domestically baked leg-of-lamb roasts and implications for microbiological safety. Food Control, 21(8), 1087-1091. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2010). Toll-like receptor (TLR)6 and TLR1 differentiation in gene expression studies of Johne's disease. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 137(1-2), 142-148. [More Information]
  • Dhand, N., Toribio, J., Whittington, R. (2009). Adsorption of Mycobacterium avium subsp.paratuberculosis to soil particles. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 75(17), 5581-5585.
  • Toribio, J., Forsyth, H., Laxton, R., Whittington, R. (2009). An Innovative Approach to Post-graduate Education in Veterinary Public Health. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 36(1), 114-121. [More Information]
  • Gumber, S., Whittington, R. (2009). Analysis of the growth pattern, survival and proteome of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis following exposure to heat. Veterinary Microbiology, 136(1-2), 82-90. [More Information]
  • Dhand, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2009). Association of farm soil characteristics with ovine Johne's disease in Australia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 89(1-2), 110-120. [More Information]
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Bosward, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Jungersen, G., Whittington, R. (2009). Enzyme-linked immunospot: An alternative method for the detection of interferon gamma in Johne's disease. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 21(2), 187-196.
  • Peeler, E., Alfonso, A., Berthe, F., Brun, E., Rodgers, C., Roque, A., Whittington, R., Thrush, M. (2009). Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus - An assessment of the likelihood of introduction and establishment in England and Wales. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 91(2-4), 241-253. [More Information]
  • Gumber, S., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2009). Evaluation of the immunogenicity of recombinant stress-associated proteins during Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection: implications for pathogenesis and diagnosis. Veterinary Microbiology, 137(3-4), 290-296. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R. (2009). Factors affecting isolation and identification of Mycrobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis from fecal and tissue samples in a liquid culture system. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 47(3), 614-622. [More Information]
  • Gumber, S., Taylor, D., Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2009). Growth pattern and partial proteome of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis during the stress response to hypoxia and nutrient starvation. Veterinary Microbiology, 133(4), 344-357. [More Information]
  • Zhong, L., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2009). Identification of differentially expressed genes in ileum, intestinal lymph node and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of sheep infected with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis using differential display polymerase chain reaction. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 131(3-4), 177-189. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Windsor, P. (2009). In utero infection of cattle with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis: A critical review and meta-analysis. The Veterinary Journal, 179(1), 60-69. [More Information]
  • Crockford, M., Jones, B., McColl, K., Whittington, R. (2008). Comparison of three molecular methods for the detection of Pilchard herpesvirus in archived paraffin-embedded tissue and frozen tissue. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 82(1), 37-44.
  • Moloney, B., Whittington, R. (2008). Cross species transmission of ovine Johne's disease from Sheep to Cattle : an estimate of prevalence in exposed susceptible cattle. Australian Veterinary Journal, 86(4), 117-123.
  • Sharma, G., Singh, S., Sevilla, I., Singh, A., Whittington, R., Juste, R., Kumar, S., Gupta, V., Singh, P., Sohal, J., et al (2008). Evaluation of indigenous milk ELISA with m-culture and m-PCR for the diagnosis of bovine Johne's disease (BJD) in lactating Indian dairy cattle. Research In Veterinary Science, 84(1), 30-37.
  • Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Experimental animal infection models for Johne's disease, an infectious enteropathy caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. The Veterinary Journal, 176, 129-145.
  • Whittington, R., Crockford, M., Jordan, D., Jones, B. (2008). Herpesvirus that caused epizootic mortality in 1995 and 1998 in pilchard, Sardinops sagax neopilchardus (Steindachner) in Australia is now endemic. Journal of Fish Diseases, 31, 97-105.
  • Kumar, S., Singh, S., Sevilla, I., Singh, A., Whittington, R., Juste, R., Sharma, G., Singh, P., Sohal, J. (2008). Lacto-prevalence, genotyping of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis and evaluation of three diagnostic tests in milk of naturally infected goat herds. Small Ruminant Research, 74(1-3), 37-44.
  • Dhungyel, O., Lehmann, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Pilot trails in Australia on eradication of footrot by flock specific vaccination. Veterinary Microbiology, 132, 364-371.
  • Taylor, D., Zhong, L., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2008). Toll-like receptor genes are differentially expressed at the sites of infection during the progression of Johne's disease in outbred sheep. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 124, 132-151.
  • Han, X., Kennan, R., Davies, J., Reddacliff, L., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Turnbull, L., Whitchurch, C., Rood, J. (2008). Twitching motility is essential for virulence in Dichelobacter nodosus. Journal of Bacteriology, 190(9), 3323-3335.
  • Gumber, S., Whittington, R. (2007). Comparison of BACTEC 460 and MGIT 960 systems for the culture of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis S strain and observations on the effect of inclusion of ampicillin in culture media to reduce contamination. Veterinary Microbiology, 119, 42-52.
  • Kawaji, S., Taylor, D., Mori, Y., Whittington, R. (2007). Detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in ovine faeces by direct quantitative PCR has similar or greater sensitivity compared to radiometric culture. Veterinary Microbiology, 125(1-2), 36-48.
  • Eamens, G., Whittington, R., Turner, M., Austin, S., Fell, S., Marsh, I. (2007). Evaluation of radiometric faecal culture and direct PCR on pooled faeces for detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in cattle. Veterinary Microbiology, 125(1-2), 22-35.
  • Myers, G., Parker, D., Al-Hasani, K., Kennan, R., Seeman, T., Ren, Q., Badger, J., Selengut, J., DeBoy, R., Tettelin, H., Whittington, R., et al (2007). Genome sequence and identification of candidate vaccine antigens from the animal pathogen Dichelobacter nodosus. Nature Biotechnology, 25(5), 569-575.
  • Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2007). Genomic diversity in Mycobacterium avium: Single neuclotide polymorphisms between the S and C strains of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis and with M. a. avium. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 21, 66-75.
  • Whittington, R., Chong, R. (2007). Global trade in ornamental fish from an Australian perspective: The case for revised import risk analysis and management strategies. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 81(1-3), 92-116.
  • Kumar, P., Singh, S., Bhatiya, A., Sevilla, I., Singh, A., Whittington, R., Juste, R., Gupta, V., Singh, P., Sohal, J., et al (2007). Juvenile capri-paratuberculosis (JCP) in India: incidence and characterization by six diagnostic tests. Small Ruminant Research, 73, 45-53.
  • Gumber, S., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2007). Protein extraction from Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis: Comparison of methods for analysis by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, native PAGE and surface enhanced laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 68, 115-127.
  • Dhand, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2007). Risk factors for ovine Johne's disease in infected sheep flocks in Australia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 82, 51-71.
  • Eamens, G., Turner, M., Whittington, R. (2007). Sampling and repeatability of radiometric faecal culture in bovine Johne's disease. Veterinary Microbiology, 119, 184-193.
  • Taylor, D., Thomson, P., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2007). Validation of endogenous reference genes for expression profiling of RAW264.7 cells infected with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis by quantitive PCR. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 115, 43-55.
  • Schembri, N., Hart, K., Petersen, R., Whittington, R. (2006). Assessment of the Management practices facilitating the establishment and spread of exotic diseases of pigs in the Sydney region. Australian Veterinary Journal, 84(10), 341-348.
  • Reddacliff, L., Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2006). Efficacy of a killed vaccine for the control of paratuberculosis in Australian sheep flocks. Veterinary Microbiology, 115(1-3), 77-90.
  • Gumber, S., Eamens, G., Whittington, R. (2006). Evaluation of a Pourquier ELISA kit in relation to agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test for assessment of the humoral immune response in sheep and goats with and without Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infection. Veterinary Microbiology, 115, 91-101.
  • Go, J., Whittington, R. (2006). Experimental transmission and virulence of a megalocytivirus (Family Iridoviridae) of dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia) from Asia in Murray Cod (Maccullochella peelii peelii) in Australia. Aquaculture, 258, 140-149.
  • Marsh, I., Bannantine, J., Paustian, M., Tizard, M., Kapur, V., Whittington, R. (2006). Genomic comparison of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis sheep and cattle strains by microarray hybridization. Journal of Bacteriology, 188(6), 2290-2293.
  • Whittington, R. (2006). Global veterinary defence: where to from here veterinary science. Australian Veterinary Journal, 84(8), 265-270.
  • Go, J., Lancaster, M., Deece, K., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2006). The molecular epidemiology of iridovirus in Murray cod (Maccullochella peelii peelii) and dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia) from distant biogeographical regions suggests a link between trade in ornamental fish and emerging iridoviral diseases. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 20, 212-222.
  • Reddacliff, L., Beh, K., McGregor, H., Whittington, R. (2005). A preliminary study of possible genetic influences on the susceptability of sheep to Johne's disease. Australian Veterinary Journal, 83(7), 435-441.
  • Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2005). Deletion of an mmpL gene and multiple associated genes from the genome of the S strain of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis identified by representational difference analysis and in silico analysis. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 19(6), 371-384.
  • Rast, L., Whittington, R. (2005). Longitudinal study of the spread of ovine Johne's disease in a sheep flock in southeastern New South Wales. Australian Veterinary Journal, 83(4), 227-232.
  • Sevilla, I., Singh, S., Garrido, J., Aduriz, G., Rodriguez, S., Geijo, M., Whittington, R., Saunders, V., Whitlock, R., Juste, R. (2005). Molecular typing of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis strains from different hosts and regions. O I E Revue Scientifique et Technique, 24(3), 1061-1066.
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Reddacliff, L., Links, I., Whittington, R. (2005). Preliminary observations on the prevalence of sheep shedding Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis after 3 years of vaccination program for Johne's. Australian Veterinary Journal, 83(10), 637-638.
  • Whittington, R., Marsh, I., Reddacliff, L. (2005). Survival of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in Dam Water and Sediment. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71, 5304-5308.
  • Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2004). An evaluation of mycophage therapy, chemotherapy and vaccination for control of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection. Veterinary Microbiology, 104(3-9 Dec 2004), 143-155.
  • Reddacliff, L., McGregor, H., Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2004). Field Evaluation Of Tracer Sheep For The Detection Of Early Natural Infection With Mycobacterium Avium Subsp Paratuberculosis. Australian Veterinary Journal, 82(7), 426-433.
  • Reddacliff, L., McClure, S., Whittington, R. (2004). Immunoperoxidase Studies Of Cell Mediated Immune Effector Cell Populations In Early Mycobacterium Avium Subsp Paratuberculosis Infection In Sheep. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 97(38445), 149-162.
  • Lambeth, C., Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Abbott, K., McGregor, H., Whittington, R. (2004). Intrauterine And Transmammary Transmission Of Mycobacterium Avium Subsp Paratuberculosis In Sheep. Australian Veterinary Journal, 82(8), 504-508.
  • Whittington, R., Tizard, M., Reddacliff, L. (2004). Mycobacterium paratuberculosis: pain in the gut and challenge for science. Microbiology Australia, 25(4), 36-37.
  • McConnel, C., Chuchill, R., Richard, M., Corkhill, C., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2004). Surgical method for biopsy of terminal ileum and mesenteric lymph node of sheep for detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis. Australian Veterinary Journal, 82(3), 149-151.
  • Whittington, R., Marshall, J., Nicholls, P., Marsh, I., Reddacliff, L. (2004). Survival And Dormancy Of Mycobacterium Avium Subsp Paratuberculosis In The Environment. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70(5), 2989-3004.
  • Sergeant, E., Marshall, D., Eamens, G., Kearns, C., Whittington, R. (2003). Evaluation of an absorbed ELISA and an agar-gel immuno-diffusion test for ovine paratuberculosis in sheep in Australia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 61(4), 235-248.
  • Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2003). Experimental infection of weaner sheep with S strain Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. Veterinary Microbiology, 96(3), 247-258.
  • Whittington, R., Marsh, I., TAYLOR, P., Marshall, D., Taragel, C., Reddacliff, L. (2003). Isolation of Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis from environmental samples collected from farms before and after destocking sheep with paratuberculosis. Australian Veterinary Journal, 81(9), 559-563.
  • Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2003). Monte Carlo simulation of flock-level sensitivity of abattoir surveillance for ovine paratuberculosis. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 61(4), 309-332.
  • Whittington, R., Eamens, G., Cousins, D. (2003). Specificity of absorbed ELISA and agar gel immunodiffusion tests for paratuberculosis in goats with observations about use of these tests in infected goats. Australian Veterinary Journal, 81(1-2), 71-75.
  • Reddacliff, L., Vadali, A., Whittington, R. (2003). The effect of decontamination protocols on the numbers of sheep strain Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis isolated from tissues and faeces. Veterinary Microbiology, 95(4), 271-282.
  • Kennan, R., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J., Rood, J. (2003). Transformation-mediated serogroup conversion of Dichelobacter nodosus. Veterinary Microbiology, 92(1-2), 169-178.
  • Reddacliff, L., Nicholls, P., Vadali, A., Whittington, R. (2003). Use of growth indices from radiometric culture for quantification of sheep strains of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69(6), 3510-3516.
  • Ghimire, S., Whittington, R., Dhungyel, O., Joshi, H., Egerton, J. (2002). Diagnosis of footrot in goats: application of ELISA tests for response to antigens of Dichelobacter nodosus. Veterinary Microbiology, 87(3), 237-251.
  • Marsh, I., Whittington, R., O'Rourke, B., Hyatt, A., Chisholm, O. (2002). Rapid differentiation of Australian, European and American ranaviruses based on variation in major capsid protein sequence. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 16(2), 137-151. [More Information]
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J. (2002). Serogroup specific single and multiplex PCR with pre-enrichment culture and immuno-magnetic bead capture for identifying strains of D. nodosus in sheep with footrot prior to vaccination. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 16(4), 285-296. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Connolly, J., Obendorf, D., Emmins,, J., Grant, T., Handasyde, K. (2002). Serological responses against pathogenic dimorphic fungus Mucor amphibiorum in populations of platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) with and without ulcerative mycotic dermatitis. Veterinary Microbiology, 87, 59-71.
  • Mason, O., Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2001). Comparison of detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sheep faeces using immunomagnetic bead separation-polymerase chain reaction (IMS-PCR) and faecal culture. Australian Veterinary Journal, 79(7), 497-500.
  • Eppleston, J., Whittington, R. (2001). Isolation of Mycobacterium avium subsp. parauberculosis from the semen of rams with clinical Johne's disease. Australian Veterinary Journal, 79, 776-777.
  • Whittington, R., Taragel, C., Ottaway, S., Marsh, I., Seaman, J., Fridriksdottir, V. (2001). Molecular epidemiological confirmation of the occurrence of sheep (S) strains of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in cases of paratuberculosis in cattle in Australia and sheep and cattle in Iceland. Veterinary Microbiology, 79, 311-322.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Ghimere, S., Egerton, J. (2001). Pilus ELISA and an anamnestic test for the diagnosis of virulent ovine footrot and its application in a disease control program in Nepal. Veterinary Microbiology, 79, 31-45.
  • Lloyd, J., Whittington, R., Fitzgibbon, C., Dobson, R. (2001). Presence of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in suspensions of ovine trichostrongylid larvae produced in faecal cultures artificially contaminated with the bacterium. The Veterinary Record, 148, 261-263.
  • Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2001). Progress towards a rapid polymerase chain reaction diagnostic test for the identification of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in faeces. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 15, 105-118.
  • Whittington, R., Sergeant, E. (2001). Progress towards understanding the spread, detection and control of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in animal populations. Australian Veterinary Journal, 79, 267-278.
  • Whittington, R., Lloyd, J., Reddacliff, L. (2001). Recovery of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis from nematode larvae cultured from the faeces of sheep with Johne's disease. Veterinary Microbiology, 81, 273-279.
  • Sergeant, E., Whittington, R., Moore, S. (2001). Sensitivity and specificity of pooled faecal culture and serology as flock screening tests for detection of ovine paratuberculosis in Australia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 52, 199-211.
  • Kennan, R., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J., Rood, J. (2001). The type IV fimbrial subunit gene (fimA) of Dichelobacter nodosus is essential for virulence, protease secretion and natural competence. Journal of Bacteriology, 183, 4451-4458.
  • Whittington, R., Marsh, I., Whitlock, R. (2001). Typing of IS1311 polymorphisms confirms that Bison (Bison bison) with paratuberculosis in Montana are infected with a strain of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis distinct from that occurring in cattle and other domesticated livestock. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 15, 139-145.

Conferences

  • Paul-Pont, I., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). An intervention study to evaluate risk factors for OsHV-1 associated mortalities in Pacific oysters: practical implications. 2013 College Science Week Scientific Meeting, Australia: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Plain, K., Whittington, R. (2013). Comparison Of The Host Immune Response To Gudair® Vaccination And Map Exposure. International Veterinary Immunology Syposium.
  • McGregor, H., Dhand, N., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2013). Investigating age based susceptibility and level of exposure for transmission of Mycobacterium avium subsp.paratuberculosis in sheep. 8th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, Rotorua, New Zealand: New Zealand Veterinary Association Inc.
  • Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2013). Johne’s disease in sheep. 8th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, Rotorua, New Zealand: New Zealand Veterinary Association Inc.
  • Windsor, P., Eppelston, J., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). The effectiveness or otherwise of vaccination for ovine paratuberculosis. 8th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, Rotorua, New Zealand: New Zealand Veterinary Association Inc.
  • Marsh, I., Plain, K., Galea, F., Waldron, A., Whittington, A., Whittington, R. (2012). A New and Improved Semi-Automated direct faecal PCR Test for Johne's Disease. 94th District veterinarian's Conference, Wollongong: District veterinarian's association.
  • Plain, K., Marsh, B., Begg, D., Galea, F., Waldron, A., Whittington, A., Whittington, R. (2012). A new high-throughput direct faecal PCR test for Johnes diesease. IVVDC 2012, Queensland: N/A.
  • Plain, K., Marsh, I., Begg, D., Galea, F., Waldron, A., Whittington, A., Whittington, R. (2012). A new high-throughput direct faecal PCR test for Johne’s disease. 6th International Veterinary Vaccines and Diagnostics Conference, N/A: N/A.
  • Marsh, I., McLoon, M., Austin, S., Fell, S., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2012). A Simple Internal PCR Control for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis Constructed by PCR Techniques. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, USA: University of Minnesota.
  • Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Whittington, R. (2012). Differential gene expression changes associated with sub-clinical Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection in cattle: a transcriptomic study. Immunology 2012, usa: N/A.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Kawaji, S., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2012). Early biomarkers of resistance and susceptibility to mycobacterial disease. Immunology 2012, usa: N/A.
  • Eppleston, J., Begg, D., Curran, G., Dhand, N., Watt, B., Whittington, R. (2012). Envoronmental survival of MAP across New South Wales. 94th District veterinarian's Conference, Wollongong: District veterinarian's association.
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2012). Evidence for importance of management intervention in addition to prolonged vaccination for control of oviine paratuberculosis. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Begg, D., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). Extension of the storage time of blood in interferon gamma assays to diagnose paratuberculosis: combination of IL-7 and IL-12 stimulation. 6th International Veterinary Vaccines and Diagnostics Conference, N/A: N/A.
  • Begg, D., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). Extension of the storage time of blood in interferon gamma assays to disgnose paratuberculosis: combination of II-7 and II-12 stimulation. 4th European Veterinary Immunology Workshop (EVIW), N/A: N/A.
  • Begg, D., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). Extension of the storgage time of blood in interferon gamma assay to diagnose paratuberculosis: reporting guidelines. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Kawaji, S., Nagata, R., Tanaka, S., Nishimori, K., Whittington, R., Mori, Y. (2012). Humoral responses against Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis stress-associated recombinant proteins in cattle. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Kawaji, S., Whittington, R. (2012). Immune profiles and faecal shedding of Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis indicate eventual severity of Johne's Disease. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Dukkipati, V., Ridler, A., Buddle, B., Hedgespeth, B., Begg, D., Whittington, R., Murray, A. (2012). Immune response profiles of lambs infected with a lyophilised pure culture seed-stock of mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Gurung, R., Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2012). Immunogenicity evaluation of in silico identified MAP recombinant proteins that were upregulated under stress conditions. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Gurung, R., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). Immunogenicity evaluation of in silico Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis recombinant proteins that were upregulated under stress conditions. IVVDC 2012, Queensland: N/A.
  • Thirunavukkarasu, S., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Eckstein, T., Whittington, R. (2012). Macrophage immune responses to mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) and antigens. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Whittington, R., Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Frances, J., Kirkland, P., Edla Arzey, K., Crane, M., Moody, N., Dyrting, K., Anderson, I. (2012). Nervous necrosis virus - New tests and epidemiological investigations suggest a way forward in disease control. Australasian Aquaculture - "The next ten years", Melbourne, Victoria: N/A.
  • Marsh, I., Plain, K., Galea, F., Waldron, A., Whittington, A., Whittington, R. (2012). New and Improved direct faecal PCR test for Johne's Disease. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Schiller, N., Eppleston, J. (2012). New approach to footrot vacination for control and eradication of the disease in Australia. IVVDC 2012, Queensland: N/A.
  • Thirunavukkarasu, S., Purdie (Williams), A., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2012). Novel gene expression profile in the blood cells of cattle experimentally exposed to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. IMMUNOLOGY2012™ The 99th AAI Annual Meeting!, USA: N/A.
  • Paul-Pont, I., Dhand, N., Rubio, A., Whittington, R. (2012). Pacific Oyster mortality syndrome - Epidemiological study to reduce economic losses. Australasian Aquaculture - "The next ten years", Melbourne, Victoria: N/A.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2012). Sequential specific or target vaccination to control and eradicate multiple serogroup Dichelobacter nodosus infection in small ruminants. Footrot Symposium 2008, Australia: NSW Department of Primary Industries.
  • Rimmer, A., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2012). The importance of Emerging Exotic Viral Pathogens of Ornamental Fish in Australia. 6th International Symposium on Aquatic Animal Health: Global Strategies for a Changing Environment, N/A: N/A.
  • Plain, K., de Silva, K., Earl, J., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). The role of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and tryptophan catabolism in paratuberculosis disease progression. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Whittington, R. (2012). Transcriptomic analysis of sub clinical mycobacterium avium subsp.paratuberculosis infection in cattle. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Eppleston, J., Begg, D., Curran, G., Dhand, N., Watt, B., Whittington, R. (2012). Variability in environmental survival of ovine and bovine strains of MAP across climativ zones of NSW. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Hick, P., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Epidemiology of viral nervous necrosis in intensively cultured barramundi (Lates calcarifer): horizontal transmission. First FRDC Australasian Scientific Conference on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.
  • Bhardwaj, V., de Silva, K., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2011). Host Response to Footrot Infection and Vaccination in Sheep. Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, N/A: N/A.
  • Dhungyel, O., Schiller, N., Whittington, R. (2011). New Approach to Footrot Vaccination - A Field Trial In Australia. 16th Symposium and 8th Conference on Lameness in Ruminants, New Zealand: Conference NZ.
  • Dhungyel, O., Schiller, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R. (2011). New approach to footrot vaccination for control and eradication of the disease in Australia. Australian Sheep Veterinarians, N/A: N/A.
  • Jones, B., Crockford, M., Howard, A., Adlard, R., Whittington, R. (2011). Pearl Oysters: An investigation of two Chlamydiales-like organisms anbd their link to oyster oedema disease. First FRDC Australasian Scientific Conference on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.
  • Rimmer, A., Tweedie, A., Becker, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of dwarf gourami iridovirus (DGIV), an important emerging exotic viral pathogen of ornamental fish in Australia. First FRDC Australasian Scientific Conference on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.
  • Go, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Use of the euryhaline species Australian bass, Macquaria novemaculeata, as a experimental vector for the transmissionn of megalocytirvirus infection. First FRDC Australasian Scientific Conference on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.
  • Whittington, R. (2010). Advance in Diagnosis of nervous recrosis in Barramundi and high hopes for the future. Australian Prawn Farmers Association & Australia Barramundi Farmers Association Conference, N/A: N/A.
  • Whittington, R. (2010). Control of nodavirus in barramundi. Australian Barramundi Farmers Association Annual Conference, Gold Coast, Australia: Australian Barramundi Farmers Association.
  • Whittington, R. (2010). Disease emergence and spread through aquatic ecosystems: assessing the impact of the ranavirus EHNV on native fish species in the Murray-Darling Basin. GEOVet 2010, N/A: N/A.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Asmus, M., Gilligan, D. (2010). Disease emergence and spread through aquatice ecosystems:assessing the impact of the ranavirus EHNV on native fish species in the Murray-Darling basin. Australian College of Veterinary Scientists 2010 Annual Conference, Australia: Sydney University.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2010). Does a Th1 over Th2 dominance exist in the early stages of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infections? 9th IVIS International Veterinary Immunology Symposium, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Kawaji, S., Whittington, R. (2010). Immune correlates of protection and susceptibility to mycobacterial disease. 41st Australasian Society for Immunology Annual Meeting, N/A: N/A.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Kawaji, S., Plain, K., Whittington, R. (2010). Immune profile and faecal shedding of Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis vary with lesion severity in Johne’s disease. 9th IVIS International Veterinary Immunology Symposium, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Whittington, R., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A. (2010). Immunological characteristics of paratuberculosis as a mycobacterial infection. 9th IVIS International Veterinary Immunology Symposium, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Whittington, R. (2010). Johne's disease - international drivers and research for enhanced disease control in sheep and cattle. Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference 2010, Brisbane, Australia: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Whittington, R., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A. (2010). Mycobacterial infection – lessons from tuberculosis and paratuberculosis. 9th IVIS International Veterinary Immunology Symposium, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Jones, B. (2010). Opportunity Lost? Impacts of and responses to biosecuitry breaches due to aquatic animal pathogens and their introduced hosts in Australia. Global Biosecurity Conference 2010: Safeguarding Agriculture and the Environment, Brisbane, Australia: Springer.
  • Plain, K., de Silva, K., Earl, J., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2010). Role of IDO and tryptophan catabolism in chronic mycobacterial disease pathogenesis. 41st Australasian Society for Immunology Annual Meeting, N/A: N/A.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Gilligan, D., Asmus, M. (2010). Susceptibility of previously untested basin fish species to EHN virus and epidemiology of EHN virus in the wild. Native Fish Forum 2010, N/A: N/A.
  • Wong, W., Porter, C., Kennan, R., Dhungyel, O., Han, X., Wong, D., Marsh, I., Whittington, R., Rood, J., Whisstock, J. (2009). A molecular hook is required for the full activity of the AprV2 protease, a virulence factor from the ovine footrot pathogen, Dichelobacter nodosus. Melbourne Protein Group Meeting 8th Symposium, Monash: Monash University.
  • Dhand, N., Toribio, J., Whittington, R. (2009). Adsorption of MAP organisms to soil particles. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Kawaji, S., Gumber, S., Whittington, R. (2009). Cloning, expression and purification of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis stress-associated genes. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Sergeant, E., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2009). Continued shedding of MPtb from Australian sheep vaccinated with GudairTM. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Bower (Goldsmith), K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2009). Detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) using culture from blood during early, subclinical and clinical stages of disease. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Sergeant, E., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2009). Determining the risk of transmission of paratuberculosis from Australian sheep vaccinated with GudairTM. 12th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2009, New Zealand: International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Bower (Goldsmith), K., Zhong, L., Kawaji, S., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2009). Development of an experimental infection model for Johne's disease using a lyophilised pure culture seedstock of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Begg, D., Plain, K., Waldron, A., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2009). Development of an Experimental Infection Model in Cattle using a Low Passage Seed Stock of MAP. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Plain, K., Begg, D., Waldron, A., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2009). Development of an experimental infection protocol in cattle using a low passage cultured strain of MAP. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, USA: University of Minnesota.
  • Whittington, R. (2009). Diagnostic methods for identification and characterization of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis: advances, constraints and opportunities. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Hill, A., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2009). Efficacy of 5-sheep sampling strategy at identification of serogroups of ovine virulent footrot (Dichelobacter nodosus) for targeted vaccination. 12th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2009, New Zealand: International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Dhand, N., Sergeant, E., Toribio, J., Whittington, R. (2009). Estimation of sensitivity and flock-sensitivity of pooled faecal culture for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sheep. 12th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2009, New Zealand: International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Kennan, R., Wong, W., Porter, C., Dhungyel, O., Han, X., Wong, D., Marsh, I., Whittington, R., Whisstock, J., Rood, J. (2009). Functional role of the exteded loop of the virulence-associated AprV2 protease from Dichelobacter nodosus./ BacPath 10: Molecular Analysis of Bacterial Pathogens. BacPath 10: Molecular Analysis of Bacterial Pathogens, South Australia: N/A.
  • Kennan, R., Wong, W., Porter, C., Dhungyel, O., Han, X., Wong, D., Marsh, I., Whittington, R., Whisstock, J., Rood, J. (2009). Functional role of the extended loop of the virulence-associated AprV2 protease from Dichelobacter nodosus. BacPath 10, Adelaide: University of Adelaide.
  • Windsor, P., Whittington, R. (2009). How efficacious is vaccination for control of ovine paratuberculosis in Australia? 7th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, US: World Veterinary Association.
  • Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Asmus, M., Gilligan, D., Whittington, R. (2009). Impact of EHNV on native fish species living in the Murray Darling Basin. 4th FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram Scientific Conference, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Rimmer, A., Ritchie, Z., Asmus, M., Gilligan, D. (2009). Impact of ranavirus in finfish in the Murray-Darling Basin river system of Australia. 58th Annual International Conference of the Wildlife Disease Association, Blaine: Wildlife Disease Association, Inc.
  • Hick, P., Humphreys, J., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Whittington, R. (2009). Improved detection of nodavirus in barramundi aquaculture and epidemiological investigations of outbreaks in the Northern Territory. Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, Darwin: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Dennis, M., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2009). Longitudinal study of the pathology of natural ovine Johne's disease. Combined 60th and 44th Annual meetings of the Amercian College of Veterinary Pathologists and teh Amercian Society of Veterinary Clincial Pathology, N/A: Australian Society for Veterinary Pathology.
  • Dennis, M., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2009). Longitudinal study of the pathology of natural ovine Johne's disease. 60th Annual Meeting of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists 2009, Monterey, CA: Curran Associates, Inc.
  • Connolly, J., Obendorf, D., Whittington, R., Canfield, P., Nowakowski, M. (2009). Mucormycosis of the platypus in Tasmania - early investigations. The Platypus Forum 2009, Hobart, Tasmania: Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment, Tasmania.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2009). New approach to vaccination for treatment, control and eradication of footrot in sheep and goats. 7th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, US: World Veterinary Association.
  • Windsor, P., Whittington, R. (2009). Shedding of Mptb from Australian sheep vaccinated against OJD. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Dennis, M., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Landos, M., Whittington, R. (2009). Survey of ornamental fish mortalities in retail outlets of New South Wales. 12th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2009, New Zealand: International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2009). The early IL-10 response in ovine Johne's disease. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Taylor, D., Zhong, L., Di Fiore, L., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2008). Analysis of Toll-like receptor gene expression in Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infected sheep. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Browne, S., de Silva, K., Begg, D., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2008). Apoptosis of mononuclear cells in experimental and natural ovine Johne's disease. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Dhand, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2008). Association of farm management and soil risk factors with ovine Johne's disease in Australia. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Sergeant, E., Whittington, R. (2008). Changes in the prevalence of Map shedding following the commencement of paratuberculosis control programs using GudairTM vaccine in Australian merino flocks. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Dennis, M., Whittington, R. (2008). Conceptualization of the Australian Consortium for Animal Disease Diagnosis. 59th Annual American College of Veterinary Pathologists Meeting ACVP 2008 / 43rd Annual Americal Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology Meeting ASVCP 2008, United States: Sage Publications.
  • Bower, K., Begg, D., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Culture of M. paratuberculosis from Blood. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R., Dhungyel, O., Hill, A. (2008). Defining the spectrum of virulence. Footrot Symposium 2008, Australia: NSW Department of Primary Industries.
  • Kawaji, S., Taylor, D., Mori, Y., Whittington, R. (2008). Detection and quantification of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in ovine and bovinefaeces by direct quantitative PCR. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Hill, A., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2008). Efficacy of 5-sheep sampling strategy at identification of predominant serogroups of ovine virulent footrot (Dichelobacter nodosus) for targeted vaccination. 89th Annual Meeting of the Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases CRWAD 2008, United States: Iowa State University Press.
  • Dennis, M., Whittington, R. (2008). Emerging and endemic aquatic animal diseases in Australasia. Wildlife Pathology Short Course 2008, Australia: Taronga Conservation Society.
  • Dennis, M., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Landos, M., Whittington, R. (2008). Evaluation of PCR for Cyprinid Herpesvirus 2 and Megalocytivirus in Retail Ornamental Fish Mortalities. 59th Annual American College of Veterinary Pathologists Meeting ACVP 2008 / 43rd Annual Americal Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology Meeting ASVCP 2008, United States: Sage Publications.
  • Begg, D., Taylor, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R. (2008). Experimental infection of sheep with M.avium subspecies paratuberculosis: a brief review and introduction to an Australian ovine challenge model. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R., Chong, R. (2008). Imported Ornamental Fish Diseases, Quarantine and the Role of Veterinary Pathologists. Australian Society for Veterinary Pathology Annual Conference ASVP 2008 / CL Davis Australian Division Symposium 2008, Australia: Australian Society for Veterinary Pathology.
  • Whittington, R., Windsor, P. (2008). In utero infection of cattle with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Hick, P., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2008). Investigation of the epidemiology of betanodavirus infection in hatchery reared barramundi (Lates calarifer) using real time RT-PCR. 7th Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture 2008, Taiwan: National Taiwan University.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Dennis, M. (2008). Iridoviruses, ornamental fish quarantine and conservation of threatened freshwater fish in Australia. Wildlife Disease Association (Australasian Section) Annual Conference 2008, Australia: Wildlife Disease Association (Australasian Section).
  • Rood, J., Kennan, R., Han, X., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2008). Molecular pathogenesis of ovine footrot. Footrot Symposium 2008, Australia: NSW Department of Primary Industries.
  • Whittington, R. (2008). Monotremes. Wildlife Pathology Short Course 2008, Australia: Taronga Conservation Society.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2008). Progress with Targeted footrot vaccine development. Australian Sheep Veterinarian Conference 2008, Australia: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R. (2008). Proliferation of lymphocyte subsets in experimental ovine Johne's disease. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Zhong, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Proteomic Analysis for Biomarkers for Johne's Disease in Sheep Serum by SELDI-TOP Mass Spectrometry. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Plain, K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Role of IDO in the response to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection. Australasian Society for Immunology Conference 2008, Australia: Australasian Society for Immunology.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Seeing spots, developing an IFN-gamma ELISPOT assay to detect ovine M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2008). Sequential Specific or Target Vaccination to Control and Eradicate Multiple Serogroup Dichelobacter nodosus Footrot Infection in Small Ruminants. 15th Symposium and 7th Conference on Lameness in Ruminants 2008.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2008). Sequential specific or target vaccination to control and eradicate multiple serogroup Dichelobacter nodosus footrot infection in small ruminants. Australian Sheep Veterinarians Conference 2008, Australia.
  • Gumber, S., Taylor, D., Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2008). Survival, dormancy and the proteome of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis during the stress response to hypoxia and nutrient starvation. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Dennis, M., Tweedie, A., Ritchie, Z., Kawaji, S., Asmus, M., Gilligan, D. (2008). Susceptibility of Australian native freshwater fish to epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus. Murray Darling Basin Commission Freshwater Fish Strategy Conference 2008, Australia: Murray Darling Basin Commission.
  • Dennis, M., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2008). Susceptibility of Australian native freshwater fish to epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus. 59th Annual American College of Veterinary Pathologists Meeting ACVP 2008 / 43rd Annual Americal Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology Meeting ASVCP 2008, United States: Sage Publications.
  • Becker, J., Dennis, M., Tweedie, A., Gilligan, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Susceptibility of Australian native freshwater fish to epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV) and the epidemiology of the EHNV in the Murray Darling river basin. 7th Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture, Taipai, Taiwan: Asian Fisheries Society.
  • Dennis, M., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2008). Susceptibility of Australian Native Freshwater Fish to Epizootic Hemopoietic Necrosis Virus. Australian Society for Veterinary Pathology Annual Conference ASVP 2008 / CL Davis Australian Division Symposium 2008, Australia: Australian Society for Veterinary Pathology.
  • Hick, P., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Tweedie, A., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2008). The effect of sample preparation on the sensitivity of a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay for betanodavirus. Australasian Aquaculture Conference 2008, Australia: National Aquaculture Council of Australia.
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R. (2008). The efficacy of vaccination for ovine paratuberculosis in Australia. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society Annual Conference 2008, Australia: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2008). The IFN-g to antibody switch - does it really happen in Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infections? The 38th Australasian Society for Immunology Annual Conference ASI 2008, Australia: Australasian Society for Immunology.
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R. (2008). Updating the efficacy of vaccination for control of ovine paratuberculosis in Australia. Australian Sheep Veterinarians Conference 2008, Australia.
  • Whittington, R. (2007). Anthropogenic disease translocation - assessment of a threatening process in aquatic communities. 2007 Biodiversity Extinction Crisis Conference, Sydney, AU: University of New South Wales.
  • Whittington, R., Schipp, S., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Hick, P., Gore, K. (2007). Biotechnology and epidemiology to control nodavirus in barramundi aquaculture. FRDC National Nodavirus R&D Workshop 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Whittington, R., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L. (2007). Effect of incubation temperature on the permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Australian barramundi nervous necrosis virus (ABNNV). 3rd National FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2007). History of viral nervous necrosis outbreaks in farmed barramundi Lates calcarifer from the Northern Territory of Australia. 3rd National FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Gilligan, D., Asmus, M., Dennis, M., Whittington, R. (2007). Susceptibility of Australian native freshwater fish to Epizootic Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus (EHNV) & the epidemiology of EHNV in the Murray-Darling river basin. 7th Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture 2008, Taiwan: National Taiwan University.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Gilligan, D. (2007). Susceptibility of previously untested fish species to EHN Virus, and the epidemiology of EHN Virus in the Murray Darling Basin. Murray-Darling Basin Commission Native Fish Strategy Forum 2007, Australia: Murray-Darling Basin Commission.
  • Dhand, N., Johnson, W., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2006). A Bayesian approach to estimate OJD prevalence from pooled faecal samples of variable pool size. 11th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2006, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • McGregor, H., Nicholls, P., Whittington, R. (2006). An investigation of the subclinical and clinical effects of OJD on production parameters in Australian Merinos. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2006). Effect of incubation temperature on the permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Australian barramundi nervous necrosis virus (ABNNV). 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.
  • Toribio, J., Malikides, N., Sergeant, E., Laxton, R., Forsyth, H., Whittington, R. (2006). Engaging Animal Health Professionals Online in Postgraduate Epidemiology Training. 11th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2006, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Dhand, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2006). Epidemiological study of risk factors for ovine Johne's disease. 11th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2006, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Dhungyel, O., Reeves, A., Lehmann, D., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R. (2006). Flock specific footrot vaccination trials in Australia. Australian Sheep Veterinarians Conference 2006, Australia: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Marsh, I., Bannantine, J., Tizard, M., Whittington, R. (2006). Genomic and proteomic comparative study of the sheep and cattle strains of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R., Chong, R. (2006). Global trade in ornamental fish: the case for revised import risk analysis and management strategies. 11th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2006, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Whittington, R. (2006). Global Veterinary Defence - where to from here Veterinary Science? 2006 Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, St Leonards, NSW: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, J., Whittington, R. (2006). History of viral nervous necrosis outbreaks in farmed barramundi Lates calcarifer from the Northern Territory of Australia. 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.
  • Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., de Silva, K., Bosward, K., Begg, D., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2006). Identificaiton of differentially expressed genes in uninfected and Mycobacterium paratuberculosis (M.ptb. ) infected sheep. The 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., de Silva, K., Bosward, K., Begg, D., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2006). Identification of differentially expressed genes in uninfected and Mycobacterium paratuberculosis (M. ptb.) infected sheep. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R., Chong, R. (2006). Imported ornamental fish - pathogens in your living room. 2006 Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, St Leonards, NSW: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Rast, L., Whittington, R. (2006). Longitudinal study of the spread of ovine Johne's disease in a sheep flock in Southeastern New South Wales, Australia. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Sevilla, I., Singh, S., Garrido, J., Aduriz, G., Rodriguez, S., Geijo, M., Whittington, R., Saunders, V., Whitlock, R., Juste, R. (2006). Molecular typing of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis strains from different hosts and regions. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Han, X., Kennan, R., Davies, J., Reddacliff, L., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Rood, J. (2006). Mutation of the pilt and pilu genes of Dichelobacter nodosus has differential effects of protease secretion. ASM - FEMS Conference on Protein Traffic in Prokaryotes, Crete, Greece: Kyvos-The Copy Shop, Iraklio, Crete, Greece.
  • Singh, S., Sevilla, I., Juste, R., Whittington, R., Kumar, V., Gupta, V., Bhatiya, A., Singh, A. (2006). Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (bison type) genotype infecting goat population in India. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Bosward, K., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2006). Optimisation of the interferon-gamma assay to maximise responses to M. ptb. antigen in sheep. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2006). Permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Lates calcarifer nervous necrosis virus. 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2006). Seeing spots, using the ELISPOT assay to detect M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection in sheep. Australasian Society for Immunology Conference 2006, Australia: Australasian Society for Immunology.
  • Whittington, R., Crockford, M., Jones, B., Jordan, D. (2006). Survey design for herpesvirus in pilchard, a marine pelagic finfish. 11th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2006, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Whittington, R., Dixon, R., Windsor, P., Hodgson, J., Toribio, J. (2006). Undergraduate teaching of veterinary public health at the University of Sydney. 2006 Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, St Leonards, NSW: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Gumber, S., Eamens, G., Whittington, R. (2006). Validation of ELISA kit for assessment of the humoral immune response in Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infected sheep and goats. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • McGregor, H., Whittington, R., Windsor, P. (2005). A comparison of the efficacy of Gudair vaccine for the protection against ovine Johne's disease in sheep aged 3 months and 8 months at vaccination. 6th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, N/A: N/A.
  • McGregor, H., Whittington, R., Windsor, P. (2005). A Comparison of the Efficiency of Gudair vaccine for protection against Ovine Johnes disease in sheep aged 3 months and 8 months at vacination. 6th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, Hersonissos, Crete, Greece: Triacna Tours and Congresses.
  • Browne, S., de Silva, K., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2005). Apoptosis in sheep exposed to Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis. Apoptosis and Immunity Conference, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia: Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre.
  • Browne, S., de Silva, K., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2005). Apoptotic responses during the pathogenesis of ovice Johne's disease. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Bower (Goldsmith), K., Begg, D., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R. (2005). Detection of Mycobacteria from blood. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • McGregor, H., Abbott, K., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2005). Developemnt of grazing management strategies for the control of ovine Johne's disease. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • McGregor, H., Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2005). Development of grazing management strategies for the control of ovine Johne's disease. 6th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, N/A: N/A.
  • McGregor, H., Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2005). Development of grazing mangement strategies for the control of ovine johnes diease. 6th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, Hersonissos, Crete, Greece: Triacna Tours and Congresses.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2005). Early cellular responses in ovine Johne's disease. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Reddacliff, L., Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2005). Efficacy of a killed Mycobacterium paratuberculosis vaccine for the control of OJD in Australian sheep flocks. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference 2005, Australia: Meat and Livestock Australia.
  • Eppleston, J., Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2005). Efficacy of a killed Mycobacterium paratuberculosis vaccine for the control of OJD in Australian sheep flocks. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Begg, D., Bosward, K., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2005). ELISPOT - new methods for detecting IFN-y. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Whittington, R., Moloney, B., Taragel, C. (2005). Epidemiology of ovine Johne's disease cross species transmission and survival of the organism in the environment. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Gumber, S., Eamens, G., Whittington, R. (2005). Evaluation of a Pourquier ELISA kit in relation to agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test for assessment of the humoral immune response in sheep and goats with and without Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infection. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Dukkipati, V., Blair, H., Murray, A., Garrick, D., Whittington, R., Reddacliff, L., Eppleston, J., Windsor, P. (2005). Extensive polymorphism at nine immunologically significant microsatellite marker loci in Merino sheep. Third International Symposium on Genetics of Animal Health, Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University.
  • Rood, J., Kennan, R., Han, X., Parker, D., Wong, D., Davies, J., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J. (2005). Fimbrial biogenesis, protease secretion and virulence in the ovine footrot pathogen, Dichelobacter nodosus. 2005 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Conference, Melbourne, AU: Australian Society for Microbiology, Australia.
  • Landos, M., Jones, J., Whittington, R. (2005). FRDC AAH Subprogram: Current and future needs for aquatic animal health training and systems for merit-based accredation and competency assessments. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Landos, M., Jones, J., Whittington, R. (2005). FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Current and future needs for aquatic animal health training systems for merit-based accreditation and competency assessments. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Whittington, R., Deece, K. (2005). FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Development of diagnostic and reference reagents for epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus of finfish. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Whittington, R., Deece, K. (2005). FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Development of diagnostic and refernce reagents for eqizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus of finfish ( FRDC Project 2003/621). Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Landos, M., Jones, J., Crane, M., Whittington, R. (2005). FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Establishment of a national aquatic animal health diagnostic network. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Taylor, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R. (2005). Gene expression and survival of M. paratuberculosis infected macrophages. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., de Silva, K., Bosward, K., McGregor, H., Whittington, R. (2005). Gene expression signals from the host. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Marsh, I., Bannantine, J., Tizard, M., Whittington, R. (2005). Genomic and proteomic comparative study of the sheep and cattle strains of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference 2005, Australia: Meat and Livestock Australia.
  • Marsh, I., Whittington, R., Reddacliff, L., Eamens, G. (2005). Hybridisation capture PCR and direct PCR on pooled faecal samples. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Dhand, N., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2005). Identification of risk factors for OJD prevalence level in Australian sheep flocks. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R. (2005). Johne's disease - an Australian perspective. New Zealand Veterinary Association Annual Seminar, New Zealand: New Zealand Veterinary Association.
  • Bosward, K., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2005). Manipulation of the Interferon - gamma assay to maximise responses to M. ptb antigen in sheep. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Taylor, D., Gumber, S., de Silva, K., Bower (Goldsmith), K., Di Fiore, L., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2005). Molecular approaches to studying the host-parasite interaction. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Go, J., Lancaster, M., Deece, K., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2005). Molecular epidemiology of iridovirus infection in Murray cod and ornamental fish. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Go, J., Lancaster, M., Deece, K., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2005). Molecular eqipdemiology of iridovirus infection in Murray cod and ornamental fish. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Han, X., Kennan, R., Davies, J., Reddacliff, L., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Rood, J. (2005). Mutation of the pilT and pilU genes of Dichelobacter nodosus has differential effects on protease secretion. ASM Conference on Protein Traffic in Prokaryotes, Washington DC, USA: American Society for Microbiology.
  • Browne, S., de Silva, K., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2005). Ovine apoptotic responses to Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Jones, J., Crockford, M., Crane, M., Whittington, R., Wilcox, G. (2005). Pilchard herpesvirus in wild pilchards. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Toribio, J., Forsyth, H., Whittington, R. (2005). Progression of Veterinary Public Health Management - University of Sydney. Australian College of Veterinary Scientists Annual Meeting, EIGHT MILE PLAINS, QLD: Australian College of Veterinary Scientists.
  • de Silva, K., Carter, N., Taylor, D., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2005). Proliferative responses in peripheral blood and lymph node cells in the early stages of ovine Johne's disease. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Zhong, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2005). Proteomic analysis of sheep serum by SELDI TOF-MS: Identification of putative biomarkers of ovine Johne's disease. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Dhand, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2005). Risk factors for OJD prevalence in infected flocks. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Ernst, I., Chambers, C., Whittington, R. (2005). Toward efficient management of monogenean parasites in sea cage aquaculture: parasite management strategies for established and emerging industries. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Schembri, N., Hart, K., Peterson, R., Whittington, R. (2005). Trading patterns and disease risk factors in pigs in the Sydney basin. Australian Association of Pig Veterinarians Conference AAPV 2005, Australia: Australian Association of Pig Veterinarians.
  • Stewart, D., Stiles, P., Horvatic, B., Bruce, K., McWaters, P., Vaughan, J., Beddome, G., Michalski, W., Whittington, R., Lambeth, C., Windsor, P., Reddacliff, L., McGregor, H., Dhungyel, O., et al (2005). Validation of the gamma-interferon test for diagnosis of ovine Johne's disease. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Toribio, J., Forsyth, H., Malikides, N., Whittington, R. (2005). Veterinary Public Health Management at the University of Sydney. Food Safety & Biosecurity and Epidemiology Branches of the New Zealand Veterinary Assocation Conference 2005, Palmerston North: VetLearn.
  • Rast, L., Whittington, R. (2005). Within flock spread of OJD - a case study from a sheep flock located in southeastern New South Wales. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • McGregor, H., Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2004). Development of grazing management strategies for the control of ovine Johne's disease. 2004 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Whittington, R., Dhungyel, O., Egerton, J. (2004). Eradication of virulent footrot by specific vaccination. 2004 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Eppleston, J., Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2004). Field studies on vaccination for the control of OJD. 2004 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Whittington, R. (2004). Food safety - future directions for the AB-CRC. Australian Biosecurity CRC for Emerging Infectious Diseases Annual National Workshop, Brisbane, AU: Australian Biosecurity CRC.
  • Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2004). Individual animal tests for ovine Johne's disease - a prospective study using biopsy. 2004 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Whittington, R. (2004). Johne's disease - an Australian perspective. Food Safety & Biosecurity and Epidemiology Branches of the New Zealand Veterinary Assocation Conference 2005, Palmerston North: VetLearn.
  • Schembri, N., Hart, K., Peterson, R., Whittington, R. (2004). Trading patterns and disease risk factors in pigs in the Sydney basin - a preliminary study. Australian Biosecurity CRC for Emerging Infectious Diseases Annual National Workshop, Brisbane, AU: Australian Biosecurity CRC.
  • Whittington, R., Dixon, R. (2003). A disease outbreak in wild redfin perch. 2003 Australian Veterinary Association Conference, St. Leonards, NSW: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Toribio, J., Laxton, R., O'Donnell, L., van Schaik, G., Lloyd, J., Rose, R., Whittington, R. (2003). An innovative postgraduate program in Veterinary Public Health Management at the University of Sydney. 10th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2003, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Whittington, R. (2003). An overview of diagnostic tests for paratuberculosis. 7th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2002, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Eppleston, J., Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2003). An update on the efficacy of Gudair ™ vaccine in Australia. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Abbott, K., McGreggor, H., Whittington, R. (2003). Control of ovine Johne's disease by management of lambs - preliminary results from a field study. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Whittington, R. (2003). Emerging diseases in Australia. Third Pan Commonwealth Veterinary Conference, Palmerston North: Massey University.
  • Toribio, J., Reddacliff, L., Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Whittington, R. (2003). Epidemiological considerations on the use of pooled faecal culture in an on-farm trial of the Gudair vaccine in Australia. 10th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2003, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Cousins, D., Whittington, R. (2003). Faecal detection of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis: The Australian experience. 46th Annual Conference of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Davis, CA: American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians.
  • Reddacliff, L., McGreggor, H., Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2003). Field evaluation of a tracer model for early detection of natural infection with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sheep. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Lambeth, C., Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Abbott, K., McGregor, R., Whittington, R. (2003). In utero transmission of OJD. 7th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2002, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R., Reddacliff, L., Churchill, R., Riches, J., Corkhill, C., McConnel, C. (2003). Individual animal tests for ovine Johne's disease in sheep of different ages - preliminary results from a prospective study using surgical biopsy. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Moloney, B., Whittington, R., Eamens, G., Jessep, T. (2003). Interspecies transmission of Johne's disease from sheep to cattle in Australia. 10th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2003, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Sergeant, E., Reddacliff, L., McGregor, H., Bush, R., Toribio, J., Whittington, R. (2003). Monitoring the efficiency of GudairTM vaccine in Australia. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Sergeant, E., Marshall, D., Whittington, R. (2003). Sensitivity of the agar-gel immuno-diffusion test for Johne's disease in sheep in Australia. 10th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2003, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • McConnel, C., Churchill, R., Richard, M., Corkhill, C., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2003). Surgical method for biopsy of terminal ileum and mesenteric lymph node of sheep for detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Stewart, D., Stiles, P., Whittington, R., Lambeth, C., Windsor, P., Reddacliff, L., McGregor, H., Dhungyel, O., Cousins, D., Francis, B., et al (2003). Validation of the interferon-λ test for diagnosis of ovine Johne's disease: sensitivity and specificity field trials. 7th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2002, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Hyatt, S., Whittington, R. (2002). Ranaviruses of fish, amphibians and reptiles: diversity and the requirements for revised taxonomy. 5th International Conference on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture.
  • Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Eppleston, J., Jones, S., Britton, A. (2002). Vaccination for ovine Johne's disease in Australia. 2002 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, Melbourne, AU: Microbiology Australia.
  • Whittington, R., Sergeant, E. (2001). Culture of ovine faeces for detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis: revolutions and revelations. 2001 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, West Leederville, W.A.: Cambridge Media.
  • Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R., Abbott, K., McGregor, H. (2001). Early detection of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection in weaner sheep. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Indooroopilly, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Connolly, J., Obendorf, D., Whittington, R. (2001). Mucor amphibiorum infection in the platypus. 2001 International Joint Conference, Canberra, AU: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Eppleston, J., Britton, A., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2001). Progress in a field trial to determine the effectiveness of a killed Mycobacterium paratuberculosis vaccine for the control of OJD in Australasian sheep flocks. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Indooroopilly, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J. (2001). Serogrouping of Dichelobacter nodosus by PCR method. 2001 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, West Leederville, W.A.: Cambridge Media.
  • Whittington, R., Connolly, J., Obendorf, D., Emmins,, J., Grant, T., Handasyde, K. (2001). Serological responses against the pathogenic dimorphic fungus Mucor amphibiorum in populations of platypus Ornithorhynchus anatinus with and without ulcerative dermatitis. 2001 International Joint Conference, Canberra, AU: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Whittington, R., Marsh, I., Cousins, D., Fridriksdottir, V., Whitlock, B. (2001). Stable single nucleotide polymorphisms in IS1311 permit epidemiologically meaningful discrimination of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. 2001 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, West Leederville, W.A.: Cambridge Media.
  • Cousins, D., Evans, B., Kalkhoven, M., Whittington, R. (2001). Storage of ovine faeces infected with Mycobacterium paratuberculosis doesn't require -80°C. 2001 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, West Leederville, W.A.: Cambridge Media.
  • Kennan, R., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J., Rood, J. (2001). The type IV fimbrial subunit gene of Dichelobacter nododus is essential for virulence. 2001 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, West Leederville, W.A.: Cambridge Media.
  • Whittington, R., Sergeant, E. (2001). Understanding the spread, detection and control of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Indooroopilly, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.

Magazine / Newspaper Articles

  • Whittington, R., Hyatt, A. (2001). Epizootic Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus. OIE International Aquatic Animal Health Code.
  • Cousins, D., Condron, R., Eamens, G., Whittington, R., de Lisle, G. (2001). Paratuberculosis (Johne's disease). Australian and New Zealand Standard Diagnostic Procedures.

Report

  • Landos, M., Dhand, N., Jones, B., Whittington, R. (2006). Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Current and future needs for aquatic animal health training and for systems for merit-based accreditation and competency assessments.
  • Landos, M., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2006). Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Establishment of a national aquatic animal health diagnostic network.
  • Jones, B., Crockford, M., Whittington, R., Crane, M., Wilcox, G. (2006). Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Pilchard Herpesvirus Infection in Wild Pilchards.
  • Whittington, R. (2006). In utero infection with M. paratuberculosis.
  • Chong, R., Whittington, R. (2005). A Review of Australian Ornamental Fish Import Risk Management for the Period 1999 - 2004.
  • Whittington, R. (2005). Epidemiology and Pathobiology Training and Research Unit at the University of Sydney.
  • Whittington, R., McGregor, H. (2005). Epidemiology of ovine Johne's disease 2 - pasture contamination level and age susceptibility.
  • Toribio, J., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2005). Identification of risk factors for OJD infection-level in sheep flocks.
  • Whittington, R., Deece, K. (2004). Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: development of diagnostic and reference reagents for epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus of finfish.
  • Whittington, R. (2004). EHNV and future water supply for the Australian Capital Territory.
  • Whittington, R. (2003). Diagnostic Tests for Johne's Disease in Dairy Cattle.
  • Whittington, R. (2003). Johne's disease.
  • Whittington, R. (2003). The Future of OJD Control in Australia.
  • Whittington, R. (2002). Epidemiology of Johne's disease.
  • Whittington, R. (2001). Survival of Johne's Disease in the Environment.

Other

  • Whittington, R. (2010), Iridoviruses in Wild Fish.

2014

  • Gurung, R., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2014). Antigenicity in sheep of synthetic peptides derived from stress-regulated Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis proteins and comparison with recombinant protein and complex native antigens. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 158(1-2), 46-52. [More Information]
  • Gurung, R., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R., Begg, D. (2014). Cellular and humoral immune responses in sheep vaccinated with candidate antigens MAP2698c and MAP3567 from Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, 14(Article 93), 1-8. [More Information]
  • Paul-Pont, I., Evans, O., Dhand, N., Rubio, A., Coad, P., Whittington, R. (2014). Descriptive epidemiology of mass mortality due to Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) in commercially farmed Pacific oysters(Crassostrea gigas) in Hawkesbury River estuary, Australia. Aquaculture, 422-423, 146-159. [More Information]
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2014). Effectiveness of Gudair™ vaccine for the control of ovine Johne's disease in flocks vaccinating for at least 5 years. Australian Veterinary Journal, 92(7), 263-268. [More Information]
  • Eppleston, J., Begg, D., Dhand, N., Watt, B., Whittington, R. (2014). Environmental Survival of mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in Different Climatic Zones of Eastern Australia. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 80(8), 2337-2342. [More Information]
  • Thirunavukkarasu, S., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Begg, D., Whittington, R., Purdie (Williams), A. (2014). Expression of genes associated with cholesterol and lipid metabolism identified as a novel pathway in the early pathogenesis of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis - infection in cattle. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 160(3-4), 147-157. [More Information]
  • Dhungyel, O., Hunter, J., Whittington, R. (2014). Footrot vaccines and vaccination. Vaccine, 32(1), 3139-3146. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Marsh, I., Waldron, A., Galea, F., Whittington, A., Saunders, V., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2014). High-Throughput Direct Faecal PCR Assay to detect Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in sheep and cattle. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 52(3), 745-757. [More Information]
  • Gurung, R., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Bach, H., Whittington, R. (2014). Immunoreactivity of protein tyrosine phosphatase A (PtpA) in sera from sheep infected with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 160, 129-132. [More Information]
  • Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Rimmer, A., Landos, M., Lintermans, M., Whittington, R. (2014). Incursions of Cyprinid herpes virus 2 in goldfish populations in Australia despite quarantine practices. Aquaculture, 432, 53-59. [More Information]
  • Gurung, R., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., de Silva, K., Bannantine, J., Whittington, R. (2014). Lymphoproliferative and IFN-y responses to stress-regulated Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis recombinant proteins. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 21(6), 831-837. [More Information]

2013

  • Paul-Pont, I., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). An intervention study to evaluate risk factors for OsHV-1 associated mortalities in Pacific oysters: practical implications. 2013 College Science Week Scientific Meeting, Australia: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Gurung, R., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Bannantine, J., Whittington, R. (2013). Antigenicity of Recombinant Maltose Binding Protein-Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis Fusion Proteins with and without Factor Xa Cleaving. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 20(12), 1817-1826. [More Information]
  • de Silva, K., Browne, S., Begg, D., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2013). Apoptosis of lymph node and peripheral blood cells in ovine Johne's disease. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 156(1-2), 82-90. [More Information]
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Kawaji, S., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). Can early host responses to mycobacterial infection predict eventual disease outcomes? Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 112, 203-212. [More Information]
  • Thirunavukkarasu, S., Plain, K., Eckstein, T., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2013). Cellular and humoral immunogenicity of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis specific lipopentapeptide antigens. Research In Veterinary Science, 95, 123-129. [More Information]
  • Dhungyel, O., Hill, A., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). Comparative study of the commonly used virulence tests for laboratory diagnosis of ovine footrot caused by Dichelobacter nodosus in Australia. Veterinary Microbiology, 162, 756-760. [More Information]
  • Dhand, N., Johnson, W., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Windsor, P. (2013). Comparison of pre- and post-vaccination ovine Johne's disease prevalence using a Bayesian approach. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 111, 81-91. [More Information]
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Plain, K., Whittington, R. (2013). Comparison Of The Host Immune Response To Gudair® Vaccination And Map Exposure. International Veterinary Immunology Syposium.
  • Whittington, R., Whittington, A., Waldron, A., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Plain, K. (2013). Development and validation of a liquid medium (M7H9C) for routine culture of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis to replace modified Bactec 12B medium. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 51(12), 3993-4000. [More Information]
  • Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Gilligan, D., Asmus, M., Whittington, R. (2013). Experimental Infection of Australian Freshwater Fish with Epizootic Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus (EHNV). Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 25, 66-76. [More Information]
  • Thirunavukkarasu, S., de Silva, K., Whittington, R., Plain, K. (2013). In vivo and in vitro expression pattern of Toll-like receptors in Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 156, 20-31. [More Information]
  • Paul-Pont, I., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). Influence of husbandry practices on OsHV-1 associated mortality of Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas. Aquaculture, 412-413, 202-214. [More Information]
  • McGregor, H., Dhand, N., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2013). Investigating age based susceptibility and level of exposure for transmission of Mycobacterium avium subsp.paratuberculosis in sheep. 8th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, Rotorua, New Zealand: New Zealand Veterinary Association Inc.
  • Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2013). Johne’s disease in sheep. 8th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, Rotorua, New Zealand: New Zealand Veterinary Association Inc.
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Whittington, R. (2013). Molecular epidemiology of betanodavirus - Sequence analysis strategies and quasispecies influence outbreak source attribution. Virology, 436(1), 15-23. [More Information]
  • Dhungyel, O., Shiller, N., Eppleston, J., Lehmann, D., Nilon, P., Ewers, A., Whittington, R. (2013). Outbreak-specific monovalent/bivalent vaccination to control and eradicate virulent ovine footrot. Vaccine, 31, 1701-1706. [More Information]
  • Paul-Pont, I., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). Spatial distribution of mortality in Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas: reflection on mechanisms of OsHV-1 transmission. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 105, 127-138. [More Information]
  • Windsor, P., Eppelston, J., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2013). The effectiveness or otherwise of vaccination for ovine paratuberculosis. 8th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, Rotorua, New Zealand: New Zealand Veterinary Association Inc.
  • Bower (Goldsmith), K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2013). Tissue localisation of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis following artificially induced intracellular and naked bacteraemia. Veterinary Microbiology, 162(1), 112-118. [More Information]

2012

  • Marsh, I., Plain, K., Galea, F., Waldron, A., Whittington, A., Whittington, R. (2012). A New and Improved Semi-Automated direct faecal PCR Test for Johne's Disease. 94th District veterinarian's Conference, Wollongong: District veterinarian's association.
  • Plain, K., Marsh, B., Begg, D., Galea, F., Waldron, A., Whittington, A., Whittington, R. (2012). A new high-throughput direct faecal PCR test for Johnes diesease. IVVDC 2012, Queensland: N/A.
  • Plain, K., Marsh, I., Begg, D., Galea, F., Waldron, A., Whittington, A., Whittington, R. (2012). A new high-throughput direct faecal PCR test for Johne’s disease. 6th International Veterinary Vaccines and Diagnostics Conference, N/A: N/A.
  • Marsh, I., McLoon, M., Austin, S., Fell, S., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2012). A Simple Internal PCR Control for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis Constructed by PCR Techniques. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, USA: University of Minnesota.
  • Jaramillo, D., Tweedie, A., Becker, J., Hyatt, A., Crameri, S., Whittington, R. (2012). A validated quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection of ranaviruses (Family Iridoviridae) in fish tissue and cell cultures, using EHNV as a model. Aquaculture, 356-357(2012), 186-192. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A. (2012). Comparative immunological and microbiological aspects of paratuberculosis as a model mycobacterial infection. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 148(1-2), 29-47.
  • Kawaji, S., Nagata, R., Whittington, R., Mori, Y. (2012). Detection of antibody responses against Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis stress-associated proteins within 30 weeks after infection in cattle. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 150(1-2), 101-111. [More Information]
  • Rimmer, A., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2012). Development of a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay for the detection of dwarf gourami iridovirus (DGIV) and other megalocytiviruses and comparison with the Office International des Epizooties (OIE) reference PCR protocol. Aquaculture, 358-359, 155-163. [More Information]
  • Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Whittington, R. (2012). Differential gene expression changes associated with sub-clinical Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection in cattle: a transcriptomic study. Immunology 2012, usa: N/A.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Kawaji, S., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2012). Early biomarkers of resistance and susceptibility to mycobacterial disease. Immunology 2012, usa: N/A.
  • Plain, K., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). Enhancement of the interferon gamma assay to detect paratuberculosis using interleukin-7 and interleukin-12 potentiation. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 149(1-2), 28-37. [More Information]
  • Eppleston, J., Begg, D., Curran, G., Dhand, N., Watt, B., Whittington, R. (2012). Envoronmental survival of MAP across New South Wales. 94th District veterinarian's Conference, Wollongong: District veterinarian's association.
  • Kawaji, S., Gumber, S., Whittington, R. (2012). Evaluation of the immunogenicity of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) stress-associated recombinant proteins. Veterinary Microbiology, 155(2-4), 298-309. [More Information]
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2012). Evidence for importance of management intervention in addition to prolonged vaccination for control of oviine paratuberculosis. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Purdie (Williams), A., Plain, K., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2012). Expression of genes associated with the antigen presentation and processing pathway are consistently regulated in early Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: the international journal for medical and veterinary researchers and practitioners, 35(2), 151-162. [More Information]
  • Begg, D., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). Extension of the storage time of blood in interferon gamma assays to diagnose paratuberculosis: combination of IL-7 and IL-12 stimulation. 6th International Veterinary Vaccines and Diagnostics Conference, N/A: N/A.
  • Begg, D., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). Extension of the storage time of blood in interferon gamma assays to disgnose paratuberculosis: combination of II-7 and II-12 stimulation. 4th European Veterinary Immunology Workshop (EVIW), N/A: N/A.
  • Begg, D., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). Extension of the storgage time of blood in interferon gamma assay to diagnose paratuberculosis: reporting guidelines. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Kawaji, S., Nagata, R., Tanaka, S., Nishimori, K., Whittington, R., Mori, Y. (2012). Humoral responses against Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis stress-associated recombinant proteins in cattle. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Kawaji, S., Whittington, R. (2012). Immune profiles and faecal shedding of Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis indicate eventual severity of Johne's Disease. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Dukkipati, V., Ridler, A., Buddle, B., Hedgespeth, B., Begg, D., Whittington, R., Murray, A. (2012). Immune response profiles of lambs infected with a lyophilised pure culture seed-stock of mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Gurung, R., Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2012). Immunogenicity evaluation of in silico identified MAP recombinant proteins that were upregulated under stress conditions. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Gurung, R., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). Immunogenicity evaluation of in silico Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis recombinant proteins that were upregulated under stress conditions. IVVDC 2012, Queensland: N/A.
  • Gurung, R., Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2012). In silico identification of epitopes in Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis proteins that were upregulated under stress conditions. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 19(6), 855-864. [More Information]
  • Gurung, R., Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2012). In silico screened Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) recombinant proteins upregulated under stress conditions are immunogenic in sheep. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 149(3-4), 186-196. [More Information]
  • Thirunavukkarasu, S., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Eckstein, T., Whittington, R. (2012). Macrophage immune responses to mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) and antigens. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Bryant, B., Blyde, D., Eamens, G., Whittington, R. (2012). Mycobacterium Avium subspecies Paratuberculosis Cultured from the Feces of a Southern black Rhinoceros (Diceros Bicornis Minor) with Diarrhea and Weight Loss. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 43(2), 391-393. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Jaramillo, D., Hick, P., Frances, J., Kirkland, P., Edla Arzey, K., Crane, M., Moody, N., Dyrting, K., Anderson, I. (2012). Nervous necrosis virus - New tests and epidemiological investigations suggest a way forward in disease control. Australasian Aquaculture - "The next ten years", Melbourne, Victoria: N/A.
  • Marsh, I., Plain, K., Galea, F., Waldron, A., Whittington, A., Whittington, R. (2012). New and Improved direct faecal PCR test for Johne's Disease. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Schiller, N., Eppleston, J. (2012). New approach to footrot vacination for control and eradication of the disease in Australia. IVVDC 2012, Queensland: N/A.
  • Thirunavukkarasu, S., Purdie (Williams), A., Plain, K., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2012). Novel gene expression profile in the blood cells of cattle experimentally exposed to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. IMMUNOLOGY2012™ The 99th AAI Annual Meeting!, USA: N/A.
  • Paul-Pont, I., Dhand, N., Rubio, A., Whittington, R. (2012). Pacific Oyster mortality syndrome - Epidemiological study to reduce economic losses. Australasian Aquaculture - "The next ten years", Melbourne, Victoria: N/A.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2012). Sequential specific or target vaccination to control and eradicate multiple serogroup Dichelobacter nodosus infection in small ruminants. Footrot Symposium 2008, Australia: NSW Department of Primary Industries.
  • Rimmer, A., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2012). The importance of Emerging Exotic Viral Pathogens of Ornamental Fish in Australia. 6th International Symposium on Aquatic Animal Health: Global Strategies for a Changing Environment, N/A: N/A.
  • Plain, K., de Silva, K., Earl, J., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2012). The role of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and tryptophan catabolism in paratuberculosis disease progression. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Whittington, R. (2012). Transcriptomic analysis of sub clinical mycobacterium avium subsp.paratuberculosis infection in cattle. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • McGregor, H., Dhand, N., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2012). Transmission of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis: Dose-response and age-based susceptibility in a sheep model. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 107(1-2), 76-84. [More Information]
  • Rimmer, A., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2012). Validation of high throughput methods for tissue disruption and nucleic acid extraction for ranaviruses (family Iridoviridae). Aquaculture, 338-341(29th March 2012), 23-28. [More Information]
  • Eppleston, J., Begg, D., Curran, G., Dhand, N., Watt, B., Whittington, R. (2012). Variability in environmental survival of ovine and bovine strains of MAP across climativ zones of NSW. 11th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Debenham, J., Johnson, R., Vogelnest, L., Phalen, D., Whittington, R., Slapeta, J. (2012). Year-Long Presence of Eimeria Echidnae and Absence of Eimeria Tachyglossi in Captive Short-beaked Echidnas (Tachyglossus Aculeatus). Journal of Parasitology, 98(3), 543-549. [More Information]

2011

  • Kawaji, S., Begg, D., Plain, K., Whittington, R. (2011). A longitudinal study to evaluate the diagnostic potential of a direct faecal quantitative PCR test for Johne's disease in sheep. Veterinary Microbiology, 148(1), 35-44. [More Information]
  • Zhong, L., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2011). Biomarker discovery for ovine paratuberculosis (Johne's disease) by Proteomic serum profiling. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: the international journal for medical and veterinary researchers and practitioners, 34(4), 315-326. [More Information]
  • Purdie (Williams), A., Plain, K., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2011). Candidate gene and genome-wide association studies of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection in cattle and sheep: A review. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: the international journal for medical and veterinary researchers and practitioners, 34(3), 197-208. [More Information]
  • Gardner, I., Nielsen, S., Whittington, R., Collins, M., Bakker, D., Harris, B., Sreevatsan, S., Lombard, J., Sweeney, R., Smith, D., et al (2011). Consensus-based reporting standards for diagnostic test accuracy studies for paratuberculosis in ruminants. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 101(1-2), 18-34. [More Information]
  • Bower (Goldsmith), K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2011). Culture of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) from blood and extra-intestinal tissues in experimentally infected sheep. Veterinary Microbiology, 147(1-2), 127-132. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Marsh, I., Saunders, V., Grant, I., Juste, R., Sevilla, I., Manning, E., Whitlock, R. (2011). Culture Phenotype of Genomically and Geographically Diverse Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis Isolated from Different Hosts. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 49(5), 1822-1830. [More Information]
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Carter, N., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2011). Does a Th1 over Th2 dominancy really exist in the early stages of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infections? Immunobiology, 216(7), 840-846. [More Information]
  • Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Whittington, R. (2011). Effect of unvaccinated Merino wether lambs on shedding of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in flocks vaccinating for ovine Johne's disease. Australian Veterinary Journal, 89(1-2), 38-40. [More Information]
  • Hick, P., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Epidemiology of viral nervous necrosis in intensively cultured barramundi (Lates calcarifer): horizontal transmission. First FRDC Australasian Scientific Conference on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.
  • Wickins, S., Dennis, M., Landos, M., Slapeta, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Histopathological survey of lesions and infections affecting sick ornamental fish in pet shops in New South Wales, Australia. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 94(2), 143-152. [More Information]
  • Bhardwaj, V., de Silva, K., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2011). Host Response to Footrot Infection and Vaccination in Sheep. Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, N/A: N/A.
  • Plain, K., de Silva, K., Earl, J., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2011). Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase, Tryptophan Catabolism, and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis: a model for Chronic Mycobacterial Infection. Infection and Immunity, 79(9), 3821-3832. [More Information]
  • Dennis, M., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2011). Longitudinal Study of Clinicopathological Features of Johne's Disease in Sheep Naturally Exposed to Mycobacterium avium Subspecies Paratuberculosis. Veterinary Pathology, 48(3), 565-575. [More Information]
  • Dhungyel, O., Schiller, N., Whittington, R. (2011). New Approach to Footrot Vaccination - A Field Trial In Australia. 16th Symposium and 8th Conference on Lameness in Ruminants, New Zealand: Conference NZ.
  • Dhungyel, O., Schiller, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R. (2011). New approach to footrot vaccination for control and eradication of the disease in Australia. Australian Sheep Veterinarians, N/A: N/A.
  • Hick, P., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2011). Optimization of Betanodavirus culture and enumeration in striped snakehead fish cells. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 23(3), 465-475. [More Information]
  • Jones, B., Crockford, M., Howard, A., Adlard, R., Whittington, R. (2011). Pearl Oysters: An investigation of two Chlamydiales-like organisms anbd their link to oyster oedema disease. First FRDC Australasian Scientific Conference on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.
  • Rimmer, A., Tweedie, A., Becker, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of dwarf gourami iridovirus (DGIV), an important emerging exotic viral pathogen of ornamental fish in Australia. First FRDC Australasian Scientific Conference on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.
  • Hick, P., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Recurrent outbreaks of viral nervous necrosis in intensively cultured barramundi (Lates calcarifer) due to horizontal transmission of betanodavirus and recommendations for disease control. Aquaculture, 319, 41-52. [More Information]
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2011). The interleukin 10 response in ovine Johne's disease. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 139(1), 10-16. [More Information]
  • Go, J., Whittington, R. (2011). Use of the euryhaline species Australian bass, Macquaria novemaculeata, as a experimental vector for the transmissionn of megalocytirvirus infection. First FRDC Australasian Scientific Conference on Aquatic Animal Health, N/A: N/A.

2010

  • Cleland, P., Lehmann, D., Phillips, P., Cousins, D., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2010). A survey to detect the presence of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in Kangaroo Island macropods. Veterinary Microbiology, 145(3-4), 339-346. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R. (2010). Advance in Diagnosis of nervous recrosis in Barramundi and high hopes for the future. Australian Prawn Farmers Association & Australia Barramundi Farmers Association Conference, N/A: N/A.
  • Dukkipati, V., Blair, H., Garrick, D., Lopez-Villalobos, N., Whittington, R., Reddacliff, L., Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Murray, A. (2010). Association of microsatellite polymorphisms with immune responses to a killed Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis vaccine in Merino sheep. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 58(5), 237-245.
  • Whittington, R. (2010). Control of nodavirus in barramundi. Australian Barramundi Farmers Association Annual Conference, Gold Coast, Australia: Australian Barramundi Farmers Association.
  • Hill, A., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2010). Diagnostic sampling strategies for virulent ovine footrot: Simulating detection of Dichelobacter nodosus serogroups for bivalent vaccine formulation. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 95(1-2), 127-136. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R. (2010). Disease emergence and spread through aquatic ecosystems: assessing the impact of the ranavirus EHNV on native fish species in the Murray-Darling Basin. GEOVet 2010, N/A: N/A.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Asmus, M., Gilligan, D. (2010). Disease emergence and spread through aquatice ecosystems:assessing the impact of the ranavirus EHNV on native fish species in the Murray-Darling basin. Australian College of Veterinary Scientists 2010 Annual Conference, Australia: Sydney University.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2010). Does a Th1 over Th2 dominance exist in the early stages of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infections? 9th IVIS International Veterinary Immunology Symposium, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Dhand, N., Sergeant, E., Toribio, J., Whittington, R. (2010). Estimation of sensitivity and flock-sensitivity of pooled faecal culture for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sheep. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 95, 248-257.
  • Windsor, P., Whittington, R. (2010). Evidence for age susceptibility of cattle to Johne's disease. The Veterinary Journal, 184, 37-44.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Bower (Goldsmith), K., Zhong, L., Kawaji, S., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2010). Experimental infection model for Johne's disease using a lyophilised, pure culture, seedstock of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Veterinary Microbiology, 141, 301-311.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Kawaji, S., Whittington, R. (2010). Immune correlates of protection and susceptibility to mycobacterial disease. 41st Australasian Society for Immunology Annual Meeting, N/A: N/A.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Kawaji, S., Plain, K., Whittington, R. (2010). Immune profile and faecal shedding of Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis vary with lesion severity in Johne’s disease. 9th IVIS International Veterinary Immunology Symposium, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Whittington, R., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A. (2010). Immunological characteristics of paratuberculosis as a mycobacterial infection. 9th IVIS International Veterinary Immunology Symposium, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Dennis, M. (2010). Iridovirus infections in finfish - critical review with emphasis on ranaviruses. Journal of Fish Diseases, 33(2), 95-122. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R. (2010), Iridoviruses in Wild Fish.
  • Reddacliff, L., Marsh, I., Fell, S., Austin, S., Whittington, R. (2010). Isolation of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis from muscle and peripheral lymph nodes using acid-pepsin digest prior to BACTEC culture. Veterinary Microbiology, 145(1-2), 122-128.
  • Whittington, R. (2010). Johne's disease - international drivers and research for enhanced disease control in sheep and cattle. Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference 2010, Brisbane, Australia: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2010). Modulation of inter-vaccination interval to avoid antigenic competition in multivalent footrot (Dichelobacter nodosus) vaccines in sheep. Vaccine, 28(2), 470-473. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A. (2010). Mycobacterial infection – lessons from tuberculosis and paratuberculosis. 9th IVIS International Veterinary Immunology Symposium, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Jones, B. (2010). Opportunity Lost? Impacts of and responses to biosecuitry breaches due to aquatic animal pathogens and their introduced hosts in Australia. Global Biosecurity Conference 2010: Safeguarding Agriculture and the Environment, Brisbane, Australia: Springer.
  • Hick, P., Whittington, R. (2010). Optimisation and validation of a real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of betanodavirus. Journal of Virological Methods, 163, 368-377. [More Information]
  • Bower (Goldsmith), K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2010). Optimisation of culture of Mycobacterium avium subspecies  paratuberculosis from blood samples. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 80, 93-99. [More Information]
  • Bosward, K., Dhand, N., Begg, D., Thomson, P., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2010). Optimization of a whole blood gamma interferon assay for the detection of sheep infected with mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 22(2), 210-217.
  • Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2010). Paratuberculosis in sheep. In Marcel A. Behr and Desmond M Collins. (Eds.), Paratuberculosis: organism, disease, control, (pp. 157-168). Wallingford, UK ; Cambridge, MA: CABI Publishing.
  • Kawaji, S., Zhong, L., Whittington, R. (2010). Partial proteome of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis under oxidative and nitrosative stress. Veterinary Microbiology, 145(3-4), 252-264.
  • Hick, P., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2010). Preparation of fish tissues for optimal detection of betanodavirus. Aquaculture, 310, 20-26. [More Information]
  • Zhong, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2010). Proteomic profiling of Ovine Serum by SELDI-TOF MS: Optimisation, reproducibility and feasibility of biomarker discovery using routinely collected samples. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: the international journal for medical and veterinary researchers and practitioners, 33(1), 47-63. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., de Silva, K., Earl, J., Begg, D., Purdie (Williams), A., Whittington, R. (2010). Role of IDO and tryptophan catabolism in chronic mycobacterial disease pathogenesis. 41st Australasian Society for Immunology Annual Meeting, N/A: N/A.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Gilligan, D., Asmus, M. (2010). Susceptibility of previously untested basin fish species to EHN virus and epidemiology of EHN virus in the wild. Native Fish Forum 2010, N/A: N/A.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Carter, N., Taylor, D., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R. (2010). The early lympocyte proliferation response in sheep exposed to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis  compared to infection status. Immunobiology, 215(1), 12-25.
  • Kennan, R., Wong, W., Dhungyel, O., Han, X., Wong, D., Parker, D., Rosado, C., Law, R., McGowan, S., Reeve, S., Whittington, R., et al (2010). The Subtilisin-Like Protease AprV2 Is Required for Virulence and Uses a Novel Disulphide-Tethered Exosite to Bind Substrates. PLoS Pathogens, 6(11), e1001210 - 1-e1001210 - 12. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Waldron, A., Warne, D. (2010). Thermal inactivation profiles of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in lamb skeletal muscle homogenate fluid. International Journal Of Food Microbiology, 137, 32-39. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Waldron, A. (2010). Thermal profiles of domestically baked leg-of-lamb roasts and implications for microbiological safety. Food Control, 21(8), 1087-1091. [More Information]
  • Plain, K., Purdie (Williams), A., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2010). Toll-like receptor (TLR)6 and TLR1 differentiation in gene expression studies of Johne's disease. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 137(1-2), 142-148. [More Information]

2009

  • Wong, W., Porter, C., Kennan, R., Dhungyel, O., Han, X., Wong, D., Marsh, I., Whittington, R., Rood, J., Whisstock, J. (2009). A molecular hook is required for the full activity of the AprV2 protease, a virulence factor from the ovine footrot pathogen, Dichelobacter nodosus. Melbourne Protein Group Meeting 8th Symposium, Monash: Monash University.
  • Dhand, N., Toribio, J., Whittington, R. (2009). Adsorption of MAP organisms to soil particles. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Dhand, N., Toribio, J., Whittington, R. (2009). Adsorption of Mycobacterium avium subsp.paratuberculosis to soil particles. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 75(17), 5581-5585.
  • Toribio, J., Forsyth, H., Laxton, R., Whittington, R. (2009). An Innovative Approach to Post-graduate Education in Veterinary Public Health. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 36(1), 114-121. [More Information]
  • Gumber, S., Whittington, R. (2009). Analysis of the growth pattern, survival and proteome of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis following exposure to heat. Veterinary Microbiology, 136(1-2), 82-90. [More Information]
  • Dhand, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2009). Association of farm soil characteristics with ovine Johne's disease in Australia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 89(1-2), 110-120. [More Information]
  • Kawaji, S., Gumber, S., Whittington, R. (2009). Cloning, expression and purification of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis stress-associated genes. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Sergeant, E., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2009). Continued shedding of MPtb from Australian sheep vaccinated with GudairTM. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Bower (Goldsmith), K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2009). Detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) using culture from blood during early, subclinical and clinical stages of disease. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Sergeant, E., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2009). Determining the risk of transmission of paratuberculosis from Australian sheep vaccinated with GudairTM. 12th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2009, New Zealand: International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Bower (Goldsmith), K., Zhong, L., Kawaji, S., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2009). Development of an experimental infection model for Johne's disease using a lyophilised pure culture seedstock of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Begg, D., Plain, K., Waldron, A., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2009). Development of an Experimental Infection Model in Cattle using a Low Passage Seed Stock of MAP. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Plain, K., Begg, D., Waldron, A., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2009). Development of an experimental infection protocol in cattle using a low passage cultured strain of MAP. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, USA: University of Minnesota.
  • Whittington, R. (2009). Diagnostic methods for identification and characterization of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis: advances, constraints and opportunities. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Hill, A., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2009). Efficacy of 5-sheep sampling strategy at identification of serogroups of ovine virulent footrot (Dichelobacter nodosus) for targeted vaccination. 12th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2009, New Zealand: International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Bosward, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Jungersen, G., Whittington, R. (2009). Enzyme-linked immunospot: An alternative method for the detection of interferon gamma in Johne's disease. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 21(2), 187-196.
  • Whittington, R., Hyatt, A. (2009). Epizootic Haematopoietic Necrosis. In not known (Eds.), Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals, (pp. 168-187). Paris, France: Office international des épizooties.
  • Peeler, E., Alfonso, A., Berthe, F., Brun, E., Rodgers, C., Roque, A., Whittington, R., Thrush, M. (2009). Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus - An assessment of the likelihood of introduction and establishment in England and Wales. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 91(2-4), 241-253. [More Information]
  • Dhand, N., Sergeant, E., Toribio, J., Whittington, R. (2009). Estimation of sensitivity and flock-sensitivity of pooled faecal culture for Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sheep. 12th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2009, New Zealand: International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Gumber, S., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2009). Evaluation of the immunogenicity of recombinant stress-associated proteins during Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection: implications for pathogenesis and diagnosis. Veterinary Microbiology, 137(3-4), 290-296. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R. (2009). Factors affecting isolation and identification of Mycrobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis from fecal and tissue samples in a liquid culture system. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 47(3), 614-622. [More Information]
  • Kennan, R., Wong, W., Porter, C., Dhungyel, O., Han, X., Wong, D., Marsh, I., Whittington, R., Whisstock, J., Rood, J. (2009). Functional role of the exteded loop of the virulence-associated AprV2 protease from Dichelobacter nodosus./ BacPath 10: Molecular Analysis of Bacterial Pathogens. BacPath 10: Molecular Analysis of Bacterial Pathogens, South Australia: N/A.
  • Kennan, R., Wong, W., Porter, C., Dhungyel, O., Han, X., Wong, D., Marsh, I., Whittington, R., Whisstock, J., Rood, J. (2009). Functional role of the extended loop of the virulence-associated AprV2 protease from Dichelobacter nodosus. BacPath 10, Adelaide: University of Adelaide.
  • Gumber, S., Taylor, D., Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2009). Growth pattern and partial proteome of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis during the stress response to hypoxia and nutrient starvation. Veterinary Microbiology, 133(4), 344-357. [More Information]
  • Windsor, P., Whittington, R. (2009). How efficacious is vaccination for control of ovine paratuberculosis in Australia? 7th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, US: World Veterinary Association.
  • Zhong, L., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2009). Identification of differentially expressed genes in ileum, intestinal lymph node and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of sheep infected with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis using differential display polymerase chain reaction. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 131(3-4), 177-189. [More Information]
  • Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Asmus, M., Gilligan, D., Whittington, R. (2009). Impact of EHNV on native fish species living in the Murray Darling Basin. 4th FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram Scientific Conference, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Rimmer, A., Ritchie, Z., Asmus, M., Gilligan, D. (2009). Impact of ranavirus in finfish in the Murray-Darling Basin river system of Australia. 58th Annual International Conference of the Wildlife Disease Association, Blaine: Wildlife Disease Association, Inc.
  • Hick, P., Humphreys, J., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Whittington, R. (2009). Improved detection of nodavirus in barramundi aquaculture and epidemiological investigations of outbreaks in the Northern Territory. Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, Darwin: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Whittington, R., Windsor, P. (2009). In utero infection of cattle with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis: A critical review and meta-analysis. The Veterinary Journal, 179(1), 60-69. [More Information]
  • Dennis, M., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2009). Longitudinal study of the pathology of natural ovine Johne's disease. Combined 60th and 44th Annual meetings of the Amercian College of Veterinary Pathologists and teh Amercian Society of Veterinary Clincial Pathology, N/A: Australian Society for Veterinary Pathology.
  • Dennis, M., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2009). Longitudinal study of the pathology of natural ovine Johne's disease. 60th Annual Meeting of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists 2009, Monterey, CA: Curran Associates, Inc.
  • Connolly, J., Obendorf, D., Whittington, R., Canfield, P., Nowakowski, M. (2009). Mucormycosis of the platypus in Tasmania - early investigations. The Platypus Forum 2009, Hobart, Tasmania: Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment, Tasmania.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2009). New approach to vaccination for treatment, control and eradication of footrot in sheep and goats. 7th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, US: World Veterinary Association.
  • Windsor, P., Whittington, R. (2009). Shedding of Mptb from Australian sheep vaccinated against OJD. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.
  • Dennis, M., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Landos, M., Whittington, R. (2009). Survey of ornamental fish mortalities in retail outlets of New South Wales. 12th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2009, New Zealand: International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2009). The early IL-10 response in ovine Johne's disease. 10th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota.

2008

  • Taylor, D., Zhong, L., Di Fiore, L., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2008). Analysis of Toll-like receptor gene expression in Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infected sheep. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Browne, S., de Silva, K., Begg, D., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2008). Apoptosis of mononuclear cells in experimental and natural ovine Johne's disease. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Dhand, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2008). Association of farm management and soil risk factors with ovine Johne's disease in Australia. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Sergeant, E., Whittington, R. (2008). Changes in the prevalence of Map shedding following the commencement of paratuberculosis control programs using GudairTM vaccine in Australian merino flocks. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Crockford, M., Jones, B., McColl, K., Whittington, R. (2008). Comparison of three molecular methods for the detection of Pilchard herpesvirus in archived paraffin-embedded tissue and frozen tissue. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 82(1), 37-44.
  • Dennis, M., Whittington, R. (2008). Conceptualization of the Australian Consortium for Animal Disease Diagnosis. 59th Annual American College of Veterinary Pathologists Meeting ACVP 2008 / 43rd Annual Americal Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology Meeting ASVCP 2008, United States: Sage Publications.
  • Moloney, B., Whittington, R. (2008). Cross species transmission of ovine Johne's disease from Sheep to Cattle : an estimate of prevalence in exposed susceptible cattle. Australian Veterinary Journal, 86(4), 117-123.
  • Bower, K., Begg, D., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Culture of M. paratuberculosis from Blood. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R., Dhungyel, O., Hill, A. (2008). Defining the spectrum of virulence. Footrot Symposium 2008, Australia: NSW Department of Primary Industries.
  • Kawaji, S., Taylor, D., Mori, Y., Whittington, R. (2008). Detection and quantification of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in ovine and bovinefaeces by direct quantitative PCR. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Hill, A., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2008). Efficacy of 5-sheep sampling strategy at identification of predominant serogroups of ovine virulent footrot (Dichelobacter nodosus) for targeted vaccination. 89th Annual Meeting of the Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases CRWAD 2008, United States: Iowa State University Press.
  • Dennis, M., Whittington, R. (2008). Emerging and endemic aquatic animal diseases in Australasia. Wildlife Pathology Short Course 2008, Australia: Taronga Conservation Society.
  • Sharma, G., Singh, S., Sevilla, I., Singh, A., Whittington, R., Juste, R., Kumar, S., Gupta, V., Singh, P., Sohal, J., et al (2008). Evaluation of indigenous milk ELISA with m-culture and m-PCR for the diagnosis of bovine Johne's disease (BJD) in lactating Indian dairy cattle. Research In Veterinary Science, 84(1), 30-37.
  • Dennis, M., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Landos, M., Whittington, R. (2008). Evaluation of PCR for Cyprinid Herpesvirus 2 and Megalocytivirus in Retail Ornamental Fish Mortalities. 59th Annual American College of Veterinary Pathologists Meeting ACVP 2008 / 43rd Annual Americal Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology Meeting ASVCP 2008, United States: Sage Publications.
  • Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Experimental animal infection models for Johne's disease, an infectious enteropathy caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. The Veterinary Journal, 176, 129-145.
  • Begg, D., Taylor, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R. (2008). Experimental infection of sheep with M.avium subspecies paratuberculosis: a brief review and introduction to an Australian ovine challenge model. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R., Crockford, M., Jordan, D., Jones, B. (2008). Herpesvirus that caused epizootic mortality in 1995 and 1998 in pilchard, Sardinops sagax neopilchardus (Steindachner) in Australia is now endemic. Journal of Fish Diseases, 31, 97-105.
  • Whittington, R., Chong, R. (2008). Imported Ornamental Fish Diseases, Quarantine and the Role of Veterinary Pathologists. Australian Society for Veterinary Pathology Annual Conference ASVP 2008 / CL Davis Australian Division Symposium 2008, Australia: Australian Society for Veterinary Pathology.
  • Whittington, R., Windsor, P. (2008). In utero infection of cattle with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Hick, P., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2008). Investigation of the epidemiology of betanodavirus infection in hatchery reared barramundi (Lates calarifer) using real time RT-PCR. 7th Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture 2008, Taiwan: National Taiwan University.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Dennis, M. (2008). Iridoviruses, ornamental fish quarantine and conservation of threatened freshwater fish in Australia. Wildlife Disease Association (Australasian Section) Annual Conference 2008, Australia: Wildlife Disease Association (Australasian Section).
  • Kumar, S., Singh, S., Sevilla, I., Singh, A., Whittington, R., Juste, R., Sharma, G., Singh, P., Sohal, J. (2008). Lacto-prevalence, genotyping of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis and evaluation of three diagnostic tests in milk of naturally infected goat herds. Small Ruminant Research, 74(1-3), 37-44.
  • Rood, J., Kennan, R., Han, X., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2008). Molecular pathogenesis of ovine footrot. Footrot Symposium 2008, Australia: NSW Department of Primary Industries.
  • Whittington, R. (2008). Monotremes. Wildlife Pathology Short Course 2008, Australia: Taronga Conservation Society.
  • Dhungyel, O., Lehmann, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Pilot trails in Australia on eradication of footrot by flock specific vaccination. Veterinary Microbiology, 132, 364-371.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2008). Progress with Targeted footrot vaccine development. Australian Sheep Veterinarian Conference 2008, Australia: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R. (2008). Proliferation of lymphocyte subsets in experimental ovine Johne's disease. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Zhong, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Proteomic Analysis for Biomarkers for Johne's Disease in Sheep Serum by SELDI-TOP Mass Spectrometry. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Plain, K., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Role of IDO in the response to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection. Australasian Society for Immunology Conference 2008, Australia: Australasian Society for Immunology.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Seeing spots, developing an IFN-gamma ELISPOT assay to detect ovine M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2008). Sequential Specific or Target Vaccination to Control and Eradicate Multiple Serogroup Dichelobacter nodosus Footrot Infection in Small Ruminants. 15th Symposium and 7th Conference on Lameness in Ruminants 2008.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2008). Sequential specific or target vaccination to control and eradicate multiple serogroup Dichelobacter nodosus footrot infection in small ruminants. Australian Sheep Veterinarians Conference 2008, Australia.
  • Gumber, S., Taylor, D., Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2008). Survival, dormancy and the proteome of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis during the stress response to hypoxia and nutrient starvation. 9th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2007, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Dennis, M., Tweedie, A., Ritchie, Z., Kawaji, S., Asmus, M., Gilligan, D. (2008). Susceptibility of Australian native freshwater fish to epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus. Murray Darling Basin Commission Freshwater Fish Strategy Conference 2008, Australia: Murray Darling Basin Commission.
  • Dennis, M., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2008). Susceptibility of Australian native freshwater fish to epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus. 59th Annual American College of Veterinary Pathologists Meeting ACVP 2008 / 43rd Annual Americal Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology Meeting ASVCP 2008, United States: Sage Publications.
  • Becker, J., Dennis, M., Tweedie, A., Gilligan, D., Whittington, R. (2008). Susceptibility of Australian native freshwater fish to epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV) and the epidemiology of the EHNV in the Murray Darling river basin. 7th Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture, Taipai, Taiwan: Asian Fisheries Society.
  • Dennis, M., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Whittington, R. (2008). Susceptibility of Australian Native Freshwater Fish to Epizootic Hemopoietic Necrosis Virus. Australian Society for Veterinary Pathology Annual Conference ASVP 2008 / CL Davis Australian Division Symposium 2008, Australia: Australian Society for Veterinary Pathology.
  • Hick, P., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Tweedie, A., Bosmans, J., Schipp, G., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2008). The effect of sample preparation on the sensitivity of a real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay for betanodavirus. Australasian Aquaculture Conference 2008, Australia: National Aquaculture Council of Australia.
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R. (2008). The efficacy of vaccination for ovine paratuberculosis in Australia. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society Annual Conference 2008, Australia: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2008). The IFN-g to antibody switch - does it really happen in Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infections? The 38th Australasian Society for Immunology Annual Conference ASI 2008, Australia: Australasian Society for Immunology.
  • Taylor, D., Zhong, L., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2008). Toll-like receptor genes are differentially expressed at the sites of infection during the progression of Johne's disease in outbred sheep. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 124, 132-151.
  • Han, X., Kennan, R., Davies, J., Reddacliff, L., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Turnbull, L., Whitchurch, C., Rood, J. (2008). Twitching motility is essential for virulence in Dichelobacter nodosus. Journal of Bacteriology, 190(9), 3323-3335.
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R. (2008). Updating the efficacy of vaccination for control of ovine paratuberculosis in Australia. Australian Sheep Veterinarians Conference 2008, Australia.

2007

  • Whittington, R. (2007). Anthropogenic disease translocation - assessment of a threatening process in aquatic communities. 2007 Biodiversity Extinction Crisis Conference, Sydney, AU: University of New South Wales.
  • Whittington, R., Schipp, S., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Hick, P., Gore, K. (2007). Biotechnology and epidemiology to control nodavirus in barramundi aquaculture. FRDC National Nodavirus R&D Workshop 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Gumber, S., Whittington, R. (2007). Comparison of BACTEC 460 and MGIT 960 systems for the culture of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis S strain and observations on the effect of inclusion of ampicillin in culture media to reduce contamination. Veterinary Microbiology, 119, 42-52.
  • Kawaji, S., Taylor, D., Mori, Y., Whittington, R. (2007). Detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in ovine faeces by direct quantitative PCR has similar or greater sensitivity compared to radiometric culture. Veterinary Microbiology, 125(1-2), 36-48.
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Whittington, R., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L. (2007). Effect of incubation temperature on the permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Australian barramundi nervous necrosis virus (ABNNV). 3rd National FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Eamens, G., Whittington, R., Turner, M., Austin, S., Fell, S., Marsh, I. (2007). Evaluation of radiometric faecal culture and direct PCR on pooled faeces for detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in cattle. Veterinary Microbiology, 125(1-2), 22-35.
  • Myers, G., Parker, D., Al-Hasani, K., Kennan, R., Seeman, T., Ren, Q., Badger, J., Selengut, J., DeBoy, R., Tettelin, H., Whittington, R., et al (2007). Genome sequence and identification of candidate vaccine antigens from the animal pathogen Dichelobacter nodosus. Nature Biotechnology, 25(5), 569-575.
  • Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2007). Genomic diversity in Mycobacterium avium: Single neuclotide polymorphisms between the S and C strains of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis and with M. a. avium. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 21, 66-75.
  • Whittington, R., Chong, R. (2007). Global trade in ornamental fish from an Australian perspective: The case for revised import risk analysis and management strategies. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 81(1-3), 92-116.
  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2007). History of viral nervous necrosis outbreaks in farmed barramundi Lates calcarifer from the Northern Territory of Australia. 3rd National FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Scientific Conference 2007, Australia: Fisheries Research and Development Corporation.
  • Kumar, P., Singh, S., Bhatiya, A., Sevilla, I., Singh, A., Whittington, R., Juste, R., Gupta, V., Singh, P., Sohal, J., et al (2007). Juvenile capri-paratuberculosis (JCP) in India: incidence and characterization by six diagnostic tests. Small Ruminant Research, 73, 45-53.
  • Gumber, S., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2007). Protein extraction from Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis: Comparison of methods for analysis by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, native PAGE and surface enhanced laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 68, 115-127.
  • Dhand, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2007). Risk factors for ovine Johne's disease in infected sheep flocks in Australia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 82, 51-71.
  • Eamens, G., Turner, M., Whittington, R. (2007). Sampling and repeatability of radiometric faecal culture in bovine Johne's disease. Veterinary Microbiology, 119, 184-193.
  • Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Gilligan, D., Asmus, M., Dennis, M., Whittington, R. (2007). Susceptibility of Australian native freshwater fish to Epizootic Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus (EHNV) & the epidemiology of EHNV in the Murray-Darling river basin. 7th Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture 2008, Taiwan: National Taiwan University.
  • Whittington, R., Becker, J., Tweedie, A., Gilligan, D. (2007). Susceptibility of previously untested fish species to EHN Virus, and the epidemiology of EHN Virus in the Murray Darling Basin. Murray-Darling Basin Commission Native Fish Strategy Forum 2007, Australia: Murray-Darling Basin Commission.
  • Taylor, D., Thomson, P., de Silva, K., Whittington, R. (2007). Validation of endogenous reference genes for expression profiling of RAW264.7 cells infected with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis by quantitive PCR. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 115, 43-55.

2006

  • Dhand, N., Johnson, W., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2006). A Bayesian approach to estimate OJD prevalence from pooled faecal samples of variable pool size. 11th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2006, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • McGregor, H., Nicholls, P., Whittington, R. (2006). An investigation of the subclinical and clinical effects of OJD on production parameters in Australian Merinos. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Landos, M., Dhand, N., Jones, B., Whittington, R. (2006). Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Current and future needs for aquatic animal health training and for systems for merit-based accreditation and competency assessments.
  • Landos, M., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2006). Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Establishment of a national aquatic animal health diagnostic network.
  • Jones, B., Crockford, M., Whittington, R., Crane, M., Wilcox, G. (2006). Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Pilchard Herpesvirus Infection in Wild Pilchards.
  • Schembri, N., Hart, K., Petersen, R., Whittington, R. (2006). Assessment of the Management practices facilitating the establishment and spread of exotic diseases of pigs in the Sydney region. Australian Veterinary Journal, 84(10), 341-348.
  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2006). Effect of incubation temperature on the permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Australian barramundi nervous necrosis virus (ABNNV). 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.
  • Reddacliff, L., Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2006). Efficacy of a killed vaccine for the control of paratuberculosis in Australian sheep flocks. Veterinary Microbiology, 115(1-3), 77-90.
  • Toribio, J., Malikides, N., Sergeant, E., Laxton, R., Forsyth, H., Whittington, R. (2006). Engaging Animal Health Professionals Online in Postgraduate Epidemiology Training. 11th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2006, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Dhand, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2006). Epidemiological study of risk factors for ovine Johne's disease. 11th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2006, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Whittington, R., Hyatt, A. (2006). Epizootic Haematopoietic Necrosis. In not known (Eds.), Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals, (pp. 82-103). Paris, France: Office international des épizooties.
  • Gumber, S., Eamens, G., Whittington, R. (2006). Evaluation of a Pourquier ELISA kit in relation to agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test for assessment of the humoral immune response in sheep and goats with and without Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infection. Veterinary Microbiology, 115, 91-101.
  • Go, J., Whittington, R. (2006). Experimental transmission and virulence of a megalocytivirus (Family Iridoviridae) of dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia) from Asia in Murray Cod (Maccullochella peelii peelii) in Australia. Aquaculture, 258, 140-149.
  • Dhungyel, O., Reeves, A., Lehmann, D., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R. (2006). Flock specific footrot vaccination trials in Australia. Australian Sheep Veterinarians Conference 2006, Australia: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Marsh, I., Bannantine, J., Tizard, M., Whittington, R. (2006). Genomic and proteomic comparative study of the sheep and cattle strains of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Marsh, I., Bannantine, J., Paustian, M., Tizard, M., Kapur, V., Whittington, R. (2006). Genomic comparison of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis sheep and cattle strains by microarray hybridization. Journal of Bacteriology, 188(6), 2290-2293.
  • Whittington, R., Chong, R. (2006). Global trade in ornamental fish: the case for revised import risk analysis and management strategies. 11th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2006, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Whittington, R. (2006). Global Veterinary Defence - where to from here Veterinary Science? 2006 Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, St Leonards, NSW: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Whittington, R. (2006). Global veterinary defence: where to from here veterinary science. Australian Veterinary Journal, 84(8), 265-270.
  • Gore, K., Hick, P., Begg, D., Taylor, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, J., Whittington, R. (2006). History of viral nervous necrosis outbreaks in farmed barramundi Lates calcarifer from the Northern Territory of Australia. 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.
  • Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., de Silva, K., Bosward, K., Begg, D., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2006). Identificaiton of differentially expressed genes in uninfected and Mycobacterium paratuberculosis (M.ptb. ) infected sheep. The 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis, N/A: N/A.
  • Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., de Silva, K., Bosward, K., Begg, D., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2006). Identification of differentially expressed genes in uninfected and Mycobacterium paratuberculosis (M. ptb.) infected sheep. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R., Chong, R. (2006). Imported ornamental fish - pathogens in your living room. 2006 Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, St Leonards, NSW: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Whittington, R. (2006). In utero infection with M. paratuberculosis.
  • Rast, L., Whittington, R. (2006). Longitudinal study of the spread of ovine Johne's disease in a sheep flock in Southeastern New South Wales, Australia. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Sevilla, I., Singh, S., Garrido, J., Aduriz, G., Rodriguez, S., Geijo, M., Whittington, R., Saunders, V., Whitlock, R., Juste, R. (2006). Molecular typing of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis strains from different hosts and regions. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Han, X., Kennan, R., Davies, J., Reddacliff, L., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Rood, J. (2006). Mutation of the pilt and pilu genes of Dichelobacter nodosus has differential effects of protease secretion. ASM - FEMS Conference on Protein Traffic in Prokaryotes, Crete, Greece: Kyvos-The Copy Shop, Iraklio, Crete, Greece.
  • Singh, S., Sevilla, I., Juste, R., Whittington, R., Kumar, V., Gupta, V., Bhatiya, A., Singh, A. (2006). Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (bison type) genotype infecting goat population in India. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Bosward, K., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2006). Optimisation of the interferon-gamma assay to maximise responses to M. ptb. antigen in sheep. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Hick, P., Gore, K., Taylor, D., Begg, D., Schipp, G., Bosmans, J., Humphrey, J., Melville, L., Whittington, R. (2006). Permissivity of the SSN-1 cell line to Lates calcarifer nervous necrosis virus. 2006 Viral Nervous Necrosis International Symposium, Hiroshima, Japan: Japanese Society of Fish Pathology.
  • Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2006). Seeing spots, using the ELISPOT assay to detect M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection in sheep. Australasian Society for Immunology Conference 2006, Australia: Australasian Society for Immunology.
  • Whittington, R., Crockford, M., Jones, B., Jordan, D. (2006). Survey design for herpesvirus in pilchard, a marine pelagic finfish. 11th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2006, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Go, J., Lancaster, M., Deece, K., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2006). The molecular epidemiology of iridovirus in Murray cod (Maccullochella peelii peelii) and dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia) from distant biogeographical regions suggests a link between trade in ornamental fish and emerging iridoviral diseases. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 20, 212-222.
  • Whittington, R., Dixon, R., Windsor, P., Hodgson, J., Toribio, J. (2006). Undergraduate teaching of veterinary public health at the University of Sydney. 2006 Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, St Leonards, NSW: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Gumber, S., Eamens, G., Whittington, R. (2006). Validation of ELISA kit for assessment of the humoral immune response in Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infected sheep and goats. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.

2005

  • McGregor, H., Whittington, R., Windsor, P. (2005). A comparison of the efficacy of Gudair vaccine for the protection against ovine Johne's disease in sheep aged 3 months and 8 months at vaccination. 6th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, N/A: N/A.
  • McGregor, H., Whittington, R., Windsor, P. (2005). A Comparison of the Efficiency of Gudair vaccine for protection against Ovine Johnes disease in sheep aged 3 months and 8 months at vacination. 6th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, Hersonissos, Crete, Greece: Triacna Tours and Congresses.
  • Reddacliff, L., Beh, K., McGregor, H., Whittington, R. (2005). A preliminary study of possible genetic influences on the susceptability of sheep to Johne's disease. Australian Veterinary Journal, 83(7), 435-441.
  • Chong, R., Whittington, R. (2005). A Review of Australian Ornamental Fish Import Risk Management for the Period 1999 - 2004.
  • Browne, S., de Silva, K., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2005). Apoptosis in sheep exposed to Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis. Apoptosis and Immunity Conference, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia: Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre.
  • Browne, S., de Silva, K., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2005). Apoptotic responses during the pathogenesis of ovice Johne's disease. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2005). Deletion of an mmpL gene and multiple associated genes from the genome of the S strain of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis identified by representational difference analysis and in silico analysis. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 19(6), 371-384.
  • Bower (Goldsmith), K., Begg, D., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R. (2005). Detection of Mycobacteria from blood. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • McGregor, H., Abbott, K., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2005). Developemnt of grazing management strategies for the control of ovine Johne's disease. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • McGregor, H., Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2005). Development of grazing management strategies for the control of ovine Johne's disease. 6th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, N/A: N/A.
  • McGregor, H., Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2005). Development of grazing mangement strategies for the control of ovine johnes diease. 6th International Sheep Veterinary Congress, Hersonissos, Crete, Greece: Triacna Tours and Congresses.
  • de Silva, K., Begg, D., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2005). Early cellular responses in ovine Johne's disease. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Reddacliff, L., Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2005). Efficacy of a killed Mycobacterium paratuberculosis vaccine for the control of OJD in Australian sheep flocks. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference 2005, Australia: Meat and Livestock Australia.
  • Eppleston, J., Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2005). Efficacy of a killed Mycobacterium paratuberculosis vaccine for the control of OJD in Australian sheep flocks. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Begg, D., Bosward, K., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2005). ELISPOT - new methods for detecting IFN-y. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Whittington, R. (2005). Epidemiology and Pathobiology Training and Research Unit at the University of Sydney.
  • Whittington, R., McGregor, H. (2005). Epidemiology of ovine Johne's disease 2 - pasture contamination level and age susceptibility.
  • Whittington, R., Moloney, B., Taragel, C. (2005). Epidemiology of ovine Johne's disease cross species transmission and survival of the organism in the environment. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Gumber, S., Eamens, G., Whittington, R. (2005). Evaluation of a Pourquier ELISA kit in relation to agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test for assessment of the humoral immune response in sheep and goats with and without Mycobacterium paratuberculosis infection. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Dukkipati, V., Blair, H., Murray, A., Garrick, D., Whittington, R., Reddacliff, L., Eppleston, J., Windsor, P. (2005). Extensive polymorphism at nine immunologically significant microsatellite marker loci in Merino sheep. Third International Symposium on Genetics of Animal Health, Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University.
  • Rood, J., Kennan, R., Han, X., Parker, D., Wong, D., Davies, J., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J. (2005). Fimbrial biogenesis, protease secretion and virulence in the ovine footrot pathogen, Dichelobacter nodosus. 2005 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Conference, Melbourne, AU: Australian Society for Microbiology, Australia.
  • Landos, M., Jones, J., Whittington, R. (2005). FRDC AAH Subprogram: Current and future needs for aquatic animal health training and systems for merit-based accredation and competency assessments. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Landos, M., Jones, J., Whittington, R. (2005). FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Current and future needs for aquatic animal health training systems for merit-based accreditation and competency assessments. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Whittington, R., Deece, K. (2005). FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Development of diagnostic and reference reagents for epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus of finfish. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Whittington, R., Deece, K. (2005). FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Development of diagnostic and refernce reagents for eqizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus of finfish ( FRDC Project 2003/621). Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Landos, M., Jones, J., Crane, M., Whittington, R. (2005). FRDC Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: Establishment of a national aquatic animal health diagnostic network. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Taylor, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R. (2005). Gene expression and survival of M. paratuberculosis infected macrophages. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., de Silva, K., Bosward, K., McGregor, H., Whittington, R. (2005). Gene expression signals from the host. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Marsh, I., Bannantine, J., Tizard, M., Whittington, R. (2005). Genomic and proteomic comparative study of the sheep and cattle strains of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference 2005, Australia: Meat and Livestock Australia.
  • Marsh, I., Whittington, R., Reddacliff, L., Eamens, G. (2005). Hybridisation capture PCR and direct PCR on pooled faecal samples. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Toribio, J., Dhand, N., Whittington, R. (2005). Identification of risk factors for OJD infection-level in sheep flocks.
  • Dhand, N., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2005). Identification of risk factors for OJD prevalence level in Australian sheep flocks. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R. (2005). Johne's disease - an Australian perspective. New Zealand Veterinary Association Annual Seminar, New Zealand: New Zealand Veterinary Association.
  • Rast, L., Whittington, R. (2005). Longitudinal study of the spread of ovine Johne's disease in a sheep flock in southeastern New South Wales. Australian Veterinary Journal, 83(4), 227-232.
  • Bosward, K., Begg, D., de Silva, K., Di Fiore, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2005). Manipulation of the Interferon - gamma assay to maximise responses to M. ptb antigen in sheep. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Taylor, D., Gumber, S., de Silva, K., Bower (Goldsmith), K., Di Fiore, L., Begg, D., Whittington, R. (2005). Molecular approaches to studying the host-parasite interaction. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Go, J., Lancaster, M., Deece, K., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2005). Molecular epidemiology of iridovirus infection in Murray cod and ornamental fish. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Go, J., Lancaster, M., Deece, K., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R. (2005). Molecular eqipdemiology of iridovirus infection in Murray cod and ornamental fish. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Sevilla, I., Singh, S., Garrido, J., Aduriz, G., Rodriguez, S., Geijo, M., Whittington, R., Saunders, V., Whitlock, R., Juste, R. (2005). Molecular typing of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis strains from different hosts and regions. O I E Revue Scientifique et Technique, 24(3), 1061-1066.
  • Han, X., Kennan, R., Davies, J., Reddacliff, L., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Rood, J. (2005). Mutation of the pilT and pilU genes of Dichelobacter nodosus has differential effects on protease secretion. ASM Conference on Protein Traffic in Prokaryotes, Washington DC, USA: American Society for Microbiology.
  • Browne, S., de Silva, K., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2005). Ovine apoptotic responses to Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Jones, J., Crockford, M., Crane, M., Whittington, R., Wilcox, G. (2005). Pilchard herpesvirus in wild pilchards. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Reddacliff, L., Links, I., Whittington, R. (2005). Preliminary observations on the prevalence of sheep shedding Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis after 3 years of vaccination program for Johne's. Australian Veterinary Journal, 83(10), 637-638.
  • Toribio, J., Forsyth, H., Whittington, R. (2005). Progression of Veterinary Public Health Management - University of Sydney. Australian College of Veterinary Scientists Annual Meeting, EIGHT MILE PLAINS, QLD: Australian College of Veterinary Scientists.
  • de Silva, K., Carter, N., Taylor, D., Di Fiore, L., Whittington, R., Emery, D. (2005). Proliferative responses in peripheral blood and lymph node cells in the early stages of ovine Johne's disease. 8th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2005, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Zhong, L., Taylor, D., Whittington, R. (2005). Proteomic analysis of sheep serum by SELDI TOF-MS: Identification of putative biomarkers of ovine Johne's disease. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Dhand, N., Eppleston, J., Whittington, R., Toribio, J. (2005). Risk factors for OJD prevalence in infected flocks. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Whittington, R., Marsh, I., Reddacliff, L. (2005). Survival of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in Dam Water and Sediment. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71, 5304-5308.
  • Ernst, I., Chambers, C., Whittington, R. (2005). Toward efficient management of monogenean parasites in sea cage aquaculture: parasite management strategies for established and emerging industries. Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram (Australia). Scientific Conference, Cairns: CSIRO.
  • Schembri, N., Hart, K., Peterson, R., Whittington, R. (2005). Trading patterns and disease risk factors in pigs in the Sydney basin. Australian Association of Pig Veterinarians Conference AAPV 2005, Australia: Australian Association of Pig Veterinarians.
  • Stewart, D., Stiles, P., Horvatic, B., Bruce, K., McWaters, P., Vaughan, J., Beddome, G., Michalski, W., Whittington, R., Lambeth, C., Windsor, P., Reddacliff, L., McGregor, H., Dhungyel, O., et al (2005). Validation of the gamma-interferon test for diagnosis of ovine Johne's disease. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.
  • Toribio, J., Forsyth, H., Malikides, N., Whittington, R. (2005). Veterinary Public Health Management at the University of Sydney. Food Safety & Biosecurity and Epidemiology Branches of the New Zealand Veterinary Assocation Conference 2005, Palmerston North: VetLearn.
  • Rast, L., Whittington, R. (2005). Within flock spread of OJD - a case study from a sheep flock located in southeastern New South Wales. MLA OJD Harvest Year Conference, North Sydney, N.S.W: Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd.

2004

  • Emery, D., Whittington, R. (2004). An evaluation of mycophage therapy, chemotherapy and vaccination for control of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection. Veterinary Microbiology, 104(3-9 Dec 2004), 143-155.
  • Whittington, R., Deece, K. (2004). Aquatic Animal Health Subprogram: development of diagnostic and reference reagents for epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus of finfish.
  • McGregor, H., Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2004). Development of grazing management strategies for the control of ovine Johne's disease. 2004 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Whittington, R. (2004). EHNV and future water supply for the Australian Capital Territory.
  • Whittington, R., Dhungyel, O., Egerton, J. (2004). Eradication of virulent footrot by specific vaccination. 2004 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Reddacliff, L., McGregor, H., Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2004). Field Evaluation Of Tracer Sheep For The Detection Of Early Natural Infection With Mycobacterium Avium Subsp Paratuberculosis. Australian Veterinary Journal, 82(7), 426-433.
  • Eppleston, J., Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2004). Field studies on vaccination for the control of OJD. 2004 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Whittington, R. (2004). Food safety - future directions for the AB-CRC. Australian Biosecurity CRC for Emerging Infectious Diseases Annual National Workshop, Brisbane, AU: Australian Biosecurity CRC.
  • Reddacliff, L., McClure, S., Whittington, R. (2004). Immunoperoxidase Studies Of Cell Mediated Immune Effector Cell Populations In Early Mycobacterium Avium Subsp Paratuberculosis Infection In Sheep. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 97(38445), 149-162.
  • Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2004). Individual animal tests for ovine Johne's disease - a prospective study using biopsy. 2004 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Lambeth, C., Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Abbott, K., McGregor, H., Whittington, R. (2004). Intrauterine And Transmammary Transmission Of Mycobacterium Avium Subsp Paratuberculosis In Sheep. Australian Veterinary Journal, 82(8), 504-508.
  • Whittington, R. (2004). Johne's Disease. In Phillip R. Scott (Eds.), Sheep Medicine, (pp. 81-100). London: Manson Publishing.
  • Whittington, R. (2004). Johne's disease - an Australian perspective. Food Safety & Biosecurity and Epidemiology Branches of the New Zealand Veterinary Assocation Conference 2005, Palmerston North: VetLearn.
  • Whittington, R., Tizard, M., Reddacliff, L. (2004). Mycobacterium paratuberculosis: pain in the gut and challenge for science. Microbiology Australia, 25(4), 36-37.
  • McConnel, C., Chuchill, R., Richard, M., Corkhill, C., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2004). Surgical method for biopsy of terminal ileum and mesenteric lymph node of sheep for detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis. Australian Veterinary Journal, 82(3), 149-151.
  • Whittington, R., Marshall, J., Nicholls, P., Marsh, I., Reddacliff, L. (2004). Survival And Dormancy Of Mycobacterium Avium Subsp Paratuberculosis In The Environment. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70(5), 2989-3004.
  • Schembri, N., Hart, K., Peterson, R., Whittington, R. (2004). Trading patterns and disease risk factors in pigs in the Sydney basin - a preliminary study. Australian Biosecurity CRC for Emerging Infectious Diseases Annual National Workshop, Brisbane, AU: Australian Biosecurity CRC.

2003

  • Whittington, R., Dixon, R. (2003). A disease outbreak in wild redfin perch. 2003 Australian Veterinary Association Conference, St. Leonards, NSW: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Toribio, J., Laxton, R., O'Donnell, L., van Schaik, G., Lloyd, J., Rose, R., Whittington, R. (2003). An innovative postgraduate program in Veterinary Public Health Management at the University of Sydney. 10th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2003, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Whittington, R. (2003). An overview of diagnostic tests for paratuberculosis. 7th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2002, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Eppleston, J., Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2003). An update on the efficacy of Gudair ™ vaccine in Australia. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Abbott, K., McGreggor, H., Whittington, R. (2003). Control of ovine Johne's disease by management of lambs - preliminary results from a field study. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Whittington, R. (2003). Diagnostic Tests for Johne's Disease in Dairy Cattle.
  • Whittington, R. (2003). Emerging diseases in Australia. Third Pan Commonwealth Veterinary Conference, Palmerston North: Massey University.
  • Toribio, J., Reddacliff, L., Eppleston, J., Windsor, P., Whittington, R. (2003). Epidemiological considerations on the use of pooled faecal culture in an on-farm trial of the Gudair vaccine in Australia. 10th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2003, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Sergeant, E., Marshall, D., Eamens, G., Kearns, C., Whittington, R. (2003). Evaluation of an absorbed ELISA and an agar-gel immuno-diffusion test for ovine paratuberculosis in sheep in Australia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 61(4), 235-248.
  • Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2003). Experimental infection of weaner sheep with S strain Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. Veterinary Microbiology, 96(3), 247-258.
  • Cousins, D., Whittington, R. (2003). Faecal detection of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis: The Australian experience. 46th Annual Conference of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Davis, CA: American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians.
  • Reddacliff, L., McGreggor, H., Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2003). Field evaluation of a tracer model for early detection of natural infection with Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sheep. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Lambeth, C., Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Abbott, K., McGregor, R., Whittington, R. (2003). In utero transmission of OJD. 7th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2002, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.
  • Whittington, R., Reddacliff, L., Churchill, R., Riches, J., Corkhill, C., McConnel, C. (2003). Individual animal tests for ovine Johne's disease in sheep of different ages - preliminary results from a prospective study using surgical biopsy. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Moloney, B., Whittington, R., Eamens, G., Jessep, T. (2003). Interspecies transmission of Johne's disease from sheep to cattle in Australia. 10th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2003, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Whittington, R., Marsh, I., TAYLOR, P., Marshall, D., Taragel, C., Reddacliff, L. (2003). Isolation of Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis from environmental samples collected from farms before and after destocking sheep with paratuberculosis. Australian Veterinary Journal, 81(9), 559-563.
  • Whittington, R. (2003). Johne's disease.
  • Windsor, P., Eppleston, J., Sergeant, E., Reddacliff, L., McGregor, H., Bush, R., Toribio, J., Whittington, R. (2003). Monitoring the efficiency of GudairTM vaccine in Australia. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Abbott, K., Whittington, R. (2003). Monte Carlo simulation of flock-level sensitivity of abattoir surveillance for ovine paratuberculosis. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 61(4), 309-332.
  • Sergeant, E., Marshall, D., Whittington, R. (2003). Sensitivity of the agar-gel immuno-diffusion test for Johne's disease in sheep in Australia. 10th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics ISVEE 2003, New Zealand: International Symposia on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
  • Whittington, R., Eamens, G., Cousins, D. (2003). Specificity of absorbed ELISA and agar gel immunodiffusion tests for paratuberculosis in goats with observations about use of these tests in infected goats. Australian Veterinary Journal, 81(1-2), 71-75.
  • McConnel, C., Churchill, R., Richard, M., Corkhill, C., Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R. (2003). Surgical method for biopsy of terminal ileum and mesenteric lymph node of sheep for detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. 2003 Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Cairns, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Reddacliff, L., Vadali, A., Whittington, R. (2003). The effect of decontamination protocols on the numbers of sheep strain Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis isolated from tissues and faeces. Veterinary Microbiology, 95(4), 271-282.
  • Whittington, R. (2003). The Future of OJD Control in Australia.
  • Kennan, R., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J., Rood, J. (2003). Transformation-mediated serogroup conversion of Dichelobacter nodosus. Veterinary Microbiology, 92(1-2), 169-178.
  • Reddacliff, L., Nicholls, P., Vadali, A., Whittington, R. (2003). Use of growth indices from radiometric culture for quantification of sheep strains of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69(6), 3510-3516.
  • Stewart, D., Stiles, P., Whittington, R., Lambeth, C., Windsor, P., Reddacliff, L., McGregor, H., Dhungyel, O., Cousins, D., Francis, B., et al (2003). Validation of the interferon-λ test for diagnosis of ovine Johne's disease: sensitivity and specificity field trials. 7th International Colloquium on Paratuberculosis ICP 2002, United States: International Association for Paratuberculosis.

2002

  • Ghimire, S., Whittington, R., Dhungyel, O., Joshi, H., Egerton, J. (2002). Diagnosis of footrot in goats: application of ELISA tests for response to antigens of Dichelobacter nodosus. Veterinary Microbiology, 87(3), 237-251.
  • Whittington, R. (2002). Epidemiology of Johne's disease.
  • Hyatt, S., Whittington, R. (2002). Ranaviruses of fish, amphibians and reptiles: diversity and the requirements for revised taxonomy. 5th International Conference on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture.
  • Marsh, I., Whittington, R., O'Rourke, B., Hyatt, A., Chisholm, O. (2002). Rapid differentiation of Australian, European and American ranaviruses based on variation in major capsid protein sequence. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 16(2), 137-151. [More Information]
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J. (2002). Serogroup specific single and multiplex PCR with pre-enrichment culture and immuno-magnetic bead capture for identifying strains of D. nodosus in sheep with footrot prior to vaccination. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 16(4), 285-296. [More Information]
  • Whittington, R., Connolly, J., Obendorf, D., Emmins,, J., Grant, T., Handasyde, K. (2002). Serological responses against pathogenic dimorphic fungus Mucor amphibiorum in populations of platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) with and without ulcerative mycotic dermatitis. Veterinary Microbiology, 87, 59-71.
  • Reddacliff, L., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Eppleston, J., Jones, S., Britton, A. (2002). Vaccination for ovine Johne's disease in Australia. 2002 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, Melbourne, AU: Microbiology Australia.

2001

  • Whittington, R. (2001). Chlamydiosis of koalas. In Elizabeth S. Williams & Ian Barker (Eds.), Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals, (pp. 423-434). United States: Blackwell Publishing Professionals.
  • Mason, O., Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2001). Comparison of detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in sheep faeces using immunomagnetic bead separation-polymerase chain reaction (IMS-PCR) and faecal culture. Australian Veterinary Journal, 79(7), 497-500.
  • Whittington, R., Sergeant, E. (2001). Culture of ovine faeces for detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis: revolutions and revelations. 2001 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, West Leederville, W.A.: Cambridge Media.
  • Reddacliff, L., Whittington, R., Abbott, K., McGregor, H. (2001). Early detection of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection in weaner sheep. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Indooroopilly, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Whittington, R., Hyatt, A. (2001). Epizootic Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus. OIE International Aquatic Animal Health Code.
  • Eppleston, J., Whittington, R. (2001). Isolation of Mycobacterium avium subsp. parauberculosis from the semen of rams with clinical Johne's disease. Australian Veterinary Journal, 79, 776-777.
  • Whittington, R., Taragel, C., Ottaway, S., Marsh, I., Seaman, J., Fridriksdottir, V. (2001). Molecular epidemiological confirmation of the occurrence of sheep (S) strains of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in cases of paratuberculosis in cattle in Australia and sheep and cattle in Iceland. Veterinary Microbiology, 79, 311-322.
  • Connolly, J., Obendorf, D., Whittington, R. (2001). Mucor amphibiorum infection in the platypus. 2001 International Joint Conference, Canberra, AU: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Cousins, D., Condron, R., Eamens, G., Whittington, R., de Lisle, G. (2001). Paratuberculosis (Johne's disease). Australian and New Zealand Standard Diagnostic Procedures.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Ghimere, S., Egerton, J. (2001). Pilus ELISA and an anamnestic test for the diagnosis of virulent ovine footrot and its application in a disease control program in Nepal. Veterinary Microbiology, 79, 31-45.
  • Lloyd, J., Whittington, R., Fitzgibbon, C., Dobson, R. (2001). Presence of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in suspensions of ovine trichostrongylid larvae produced in faecal cultures artificially contaminated with the bacterium. The Veterinary Record, 148, 261-263.
  • Eppleston, J., Britton, A., Windsor, P., Whittington, R., Jones, S. (2001). Progress in a field trial to determine the effectiveness of a killed Mycobacterium paratuberculosis vaccine for the control of OJD in Australasian sheep flocks. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Indooroopilly, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.
  • Marsh, I., Whittington, R. (2001). Progress towards a rapid polymerase chain reaction diagnostic test for the identification of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in faeces. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 15, 105-118.
  • Whittington, R., Sergeant, E. (2001). Progress towards understanding the spread, detection and control of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in animal populations. Australian Veterinary Journal, 79, 267-278.
  • Whittington, R., Lloyd, J., Reddacliff, L. (2001). Recovery of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis from nematode larvae cultured from the faeces of sheep with Johne's disease. Veterinary Microbiology, 81, 273-279.
  • Sergeant, E., Whittington, R., Moore, S. (2001). Sensitivity and specificity of pooled faecal culture and serology as flock screening tests for detection of ovine paratuberculosis in Australia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 52, 199-211.
  • Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J. (2001). Serogrouping of Dichelobacter nodosus by PCR method. 2001 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, West Leederville, W.A.: Cambridge Media.
  • Whittington, R., Connolly, J., Obendorf, D., Emmins,, J., Grant, T., Handasyde, K. (2001). Serological responses against the pathogenic dimorphic fungus Mucor amphibiorum in populations of platypus Ornithorhynchus anatinus with and without ulcerative dermatitis. 2001 International Joint Conference, Canberra, AU: Australian Veterinary Association.
  • Whittington, R., Marsh, I., Cousins, D., Fridriksdottir, V., Whitlock, B. (2001). Stable single nucleotide polymorphisms in IS1311 permit epidemiologically meaningful discrimination of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. 2001 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, West Leederville, W.A.: Cambridge Media.
  • Cousins, D., Evans, B., Kalkhoven, M., Whittington, R. (2001). Storage of ovine faeces infected with Mycobacterium paratuberculosis doesn't require -80°C. 2001 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, West Leederville, W.A.: Cambridge Media.
  • Whittington, R. (2001). Survival of Johne's Disease in the Environment.
  • Kennan, R., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J., Rood, J. (2001). The type IV fimbrial subunit gene (fimA) of Dichelobacter nodosus is essential for virulence, protease secretion and natural competence. Journal of Bacteriology, 183, 4451-4458.
  • Kennan, R., Dhungyel, O., Whittington, R., Egerton, J., Rood, J. (2001). The type IV fimbrial subunit gene of Dichelobacter nododus is essential for virulence. 2001 Australian Society for Microbiology Annual Scientific Meeting, West Leederville, W.A.: Cambridge Media.
  • Whittington, R., Marsh, I., Whitlock, R. (2001). Typing of IS1311 polymorphisms confirms that Bison (Bison bison) with paratuberculosis in Montana are infected with a strain of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis distinct from that occurring in cattle and other domesticated livestock. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 15, 139-145.
  • Whittington, R., Sergeant, E. (2001). Understanding the spread, detection and control of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. Australian Sheep Veterinary Society, Indooroopilly, AU: Australian Sheep Veterinary Society.

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