Disorder - EpilepsyOrgan Systems Involved
A disorder of the brain typified by seizures, often associated with unconsciousness or convulsions.
Epilepsy can go unnoticed for periods of time in dogs until an episode is witnessed. A seizure may last seconds to several minutes and may involve any combination of the following: stiffness, chomping jaw, profuse salivation, urination, defaecation, vocalisation and paddling of the limbs. This is followed by a period, varying in length between dogs, of confusion, disorientation, coma, depression and pacing, and sometimes excessive thirst and hunger. The occurrence of a number of severe seizures in rapid succession is a life-threatening emergency that requires immediate attention. It is important in the diagnosis of epilepsy to determine whether the seizures are due to an underlying problem such as a tumour, lesion or head injury, or are idiopathic, that is with no detectable pathological cause. The inherited form of epilepsy is idiopathic.
Dogs at Risk
Epilepsy is predominant in males.
American cocker spaniel
Australian cattle dog
Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois and Groenendael)
Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois)
Belgian Shepherd Dog (Tervueren)
Collie (Rough and Smooth)
English springer spaniel
German shepherd dog
Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)
Myoclonus Epilepsy of Lafora
Further Reference Material [OMIA Number]