Disorder - HermaphroditismOrgan Systems Involved
A condition in which an individual has characteristics of both male and female genitalia.
Intersex can be divided into two main types: true hermaphrodites and psuedohermaphrodites. In true hermaphrodite dogs both ovarian (female) and testicular (male) tissues are present while psuedohermaphrodite dogs have sex organs from one sex and also display partial or entire features from the opposite sex. Female hermaphrodite dogs normally display swelling or enlarging of the clitoris but otherwise may appear normal except for some increase in abdominal size. Pseudohermaphrodites often display a combination of genitals such a fleshy mass protruding from the vulva. Upon operation the ovaries appear to have testicular growth associated with them and are known as ovotestes. Diagnosis is straight forward, although differences between intersex and related disorders are minimal. Intersex dogs are usually infertile and are susceptible to problems such as cancers and infections of the reproductive organs.
American cocker spaniel
American water spaniel
English springer spaniel
German short-haired pointer
Kerry blue terrier
Chromosomal sex abnormalities
Further Reference Material [OMIA Number]