Dr Kazjon Grace

Director of the Bachelor in Design Computing
Lecturer

G04 - Wilkinson Building
The University of Sydney


Biographical details

Dr Kazjon (Kaz) Grace’s research explores how computers can participate in the design process as partners rather than tools. His interests span computational design, computational creativity, HCI and AI. He develops computational models of novelty, surprise, and curiosity, and investigates how they can help people make decisions. Kaz's current work involves systems that encourage their users to broaden their horizons: to eat more diversely, to read more broadly, and to overcome design fixation. Previously a researcher at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte (2012-2017), he continues to collaborate with colleagues in the USA. He is the Program Director of the Bachelor in Design Computing, and teaches design programming and physical computing within that program.

Current projects

2018

Research project with RAAF

Associate Professor C. Wrigley, Dr K. Grace, Dr V. Gramoli (University of Sydney School of Information Technologies), Dr F. Smith (University of Sydney Centre for International Security Studies), Dr K. Straker

Development of a prototype conversational interface that demonstrates the capacity for efficiency gains across personnel policy and management in RAAF

Selected grants

2018

  • Student Creative Coding Challenges: student-generated self-directed learning; Grace K, Hespanhol L, Bray L, Frawley J; DVC Education/Large Educational Innovation Grant.
  • Broadening Horizons: Using curiosity to diversify behaviour; Grace K; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA).

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Grace, K., Maher, M., Wilson, D., Najjar, N. (2016). Combining CBR and Deep Learning to Generate Surprising Recipe Designs. In Ashok Goel, M. Belen Diaz-Agudo, Thomas Roth-Berghofer (Eds.), Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development: 24th International Conference, ICCBR 2016 Atlanta, GA, USA, October 31 - November 2, 2016 Proceedings, (pp. 154-169). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. [More Information]
  • Mohammad, M., Maher, M., Grace, K., LoCurto, L., Outcault, B. (2016). The Willful Marionette: Modeling Social Cognition Using Gesture-Gesture Interaction Dialogue. In Dylan D. Schmorrow and Cali M. Fidopiastis (Eds.), AC 2016, Part II, LNAI 9744, (pp. 402-413). Switzerland: Springer. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Maher, M., Preece, J., Yeh, T., Stangle, A., Boston, C. (2015). A Process Model for Crowdsourcing Design: A Case Study in Citizen Science. In John S. Gero and Sean Hanna (Eds.), Design Computing and Cognition '14, (pp. 245-262). Cham: Springer. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Maher, M., Fisher, D., Brady, K. (2015). Modeling Expectation for Evaluating Surprise in Design Creativity. In John S. Gero and Sean Hanna (Eds.), Design Computing and Cognition '14, (pp. 189-206). Cham: Springer. [More Information]
  • Saunders, R., Grace, K. (2009). Teaching Evolutionary Design Systems by Extending "Context Free". In Mario Giacobini et al (Eds.), Applications of Evolutionary Computing, (pp. 591-596). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag. [More Information]

Journals

  • Grace, K., Maher, M., Fisher, D., Brady, K. (2015). Data-intensive evaluation of design creativity using novelty, value, and surprise. International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, 3(3-4), 125-147. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2015). Interpretation-driven mapping: A framework for conducting search and rerepresentation in parallel for computational analogy in design. Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing, 29(2), 185-201. [More Information]

Conferences

  • Mahzoon, M., Maher, M., Eltayeby, O., Dou, W., Grace, K. (2018). A Framework for Interactive Exploratory Learning Analytics. 5th International Conference on Learning and Collaboration Technologies (LCT 2018), Las Vegas: Springer. [More Information]
  • Niu, X., Grace, K., Zadrozny, W., Ke, W. (2018). Computational surprise in information retrieval. 41st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR 2018), New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). [More Information]
  • Karimi, P., Davis, N., Grace, K., Maher, M. (2017). Deep Learning for Identifying Potential Conceptual Shifts for Co-creative Drawing. 31st Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2017), USA: Neural Information Processing Systems Foundation, Inc.
  • Maher, M., Grace, K. (2017). Encouraging Curiosity in Case-Based Reasoning and Recommender Systems. International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning: Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development, Cham: Springer, Cham. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Maher, M., Wilson, D., Najjar, N. (2017). Personalised Specific Curiosity for Computational Design Systems. Design Computing and Cognition '16, Cham: Springer, Cham. [More Information]
  • Boston, C., Clegg, T., Pauw, D., Preece, J., Warrick, E., Abdellahi, S., Christian, T., Grace, K., Maher, M., Cameron, J., et al (2017). Supporting environmental stewards' needs with technology. 20th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2017), New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Grace, S., Maher, M., Mahzoon, M., Lee, L., LoCurto, L., Outcault, B. (2017). The willful marionette: Exploring responses to embodied interaction. 2017 ACM SIGCHI Conference on Creativity and Cognition (C&C 2017), New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). [More Information]
  • Preece, J., Boston, C., Yeh, T., Cameron, J., Maher, M., Grace, K. (2016). Enticing casual nature preserve visitors into citizen science via photos. 19th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, CSCW 2016, United States: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). [More Information]
  • Preece, J., Boston, C., Maher, M., Grace, K., Yeh, T. (2016). From crowdsourcing technology design to participatory design and back again!. 3rd European Conference on Social Media Research, Reading: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited.
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2016). Surprise-Triggered reformulation of design goals. 30th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI 2016), United States: AAAI Press.
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2015). Specific curiosity as a cause and consequence of transformational creativity. The Sixth International Conference on Computational Creativity (ICCC 2015), Provo: Brigham Young University.
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2015). Surprise and reformulation as meta-cognitive processes in creative design. Third Annual Conference on Advances in Cognitive Systems (ACS 2015), Atlanta: Cognitive Systems Foundation.
  • Maher, M., Grace, K., Clausner, T., Tversky, B., Kirsch, D., Kay, J., Danielescu, A. (2014). Gesture-based interaction design: communication and cognition. ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2014), New York, USA: ACM. [More Information]
  • Maher, M., Preece, J., Yeh, T., Boston, C., Grace, K., Pasupuleti, A., Stangl, A. (2014). NatureNet: A Model for Crowdsourcing the Design of Citizen Science Systems. 17th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, CSCW 2014, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2014). Towards computational co-creation in modeling communities. 10th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment, AIIDE 2014, United States: AI Access Foundation.
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2014). Using computational creativity to guide data-intensive scientific discovery. Workshops at the Twenty-Eighth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-14), Quebec City: AAAI Press.
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2014). What to expect when you're expecting: the role of unexpectedness in computationally evaluating creativity. ICCC 2014: The Fifth International Conference on Computational Creativity, Ljubljana Slovenia: Jožef Stefan Institute.
  • Grace, K., Wasinger, R., Ackad, C., Collins, A., Dawson, O., Gluga, R., Kay, J., Tomitsch, M. (2013). Conveying Interactivity at an Interactive Public Information Display. The Second International Symposium on Pervasive Displays (PerDis '13), New York: ACM Digital Library. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2013). Experiential Influences on Computational Association in Design. 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013): Open Systems, Singapore: CAADRIA.
  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2013). Learning how to reinterpret creative problems. Fourth International Conference on Computational Creativity ICCC 2013, Sydney, Australia: University of Sydney.
  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2012). Constructing Computational Associations Between Ornamental Designs. 17th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: CAADRIA 2012 Beyond Codes and Pixels, Chennai: CAADRIA. [More Information]
  • Hespanhol, L., Tomitsch, M., Grace, K., Collins, A., Kay, J. (2012). Investigating Intuitiveness and Effectiveness of Gestures for Free Spatial Interaction with Large Displays. 2012 International Symposium on Pervasive Displays (PerDis 2012), New York, NY, USA: ACM Digital Library. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2012). Representational Affordances and Creativity in Association-based Systems. Third International Conference on Computational Creativity ICCC 2012, Dublin, Ireland: University College Dublin.
  • Grace, K., Saunders, R., Gero, J. (2011). Applying interpretation-driven association to design domains. 16th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia CAADRIA 2011, Hong Kong, China: CAADRIA.
  • Grace, K., Saunders, R., Gero, J. (2011). Interpretation-driven visual association. Second International Conference on Computational Creativity ICCC 2011, Mexico City, Mexico: Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana.
  • Grace, K., Saunders, R., Gero, J. (2010). Constructing conceptual spaces for novel associations. First International Conference on Computational Creativity ICCC X 2010, Coimbra, Portugal: University of Coimbra.
  • Saunders, R., Grace, K. (2009). Extending Context Free to Teach Interactive Evolutionary Design Systems. EvoMUSART 2009, Tubingen, Germany: European WorkShops on Applications of Evolutionary Computation.
  • Grace, K., Saunders, R., Gero, J. (2008). A Computational Model for Constructing Novel Associations. International Joint Workshop on Computational Creativity 2008, Madrid, Spain: Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
  • Gero, J., Grace, K., Saunders, R. (2008). Computational Analogy-Making in Designing: A process architecture. CAADRIA 2008: 13th Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, Chiang Mai, Thailand: Pimniyon Press. Co. Ltd.
  • Saunders, R., Grace, K. (2008). Towards a computational model of creative cultures. AAAI Spring Symposium on Creative Intelligent Systems, San Francisco: Stanford University.
  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2006). Assisting design by analogy. ANZAScA 40th Annual Conference, Adelaide, Australia: The Architectural Science Association.

2018

  • Mahzoon, M., Maher, M., Eltayeby, O., Dou, W., Grace, K. (2018). A Framework for Interactive Exploratory Learning Analytics. 5th International Conference on Learning and Collaboration Technologies (LCT 2018), Las Vegas: Springer. [More Information]
  • Niu, X., Grace, K., Zadrozny, W., Ke, W. (2018). Computational surprise in information retrieval. 41st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR 2018), New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). [More Information]

2017

  • Karimi, P., Davis, N., Grace, K., Maher, M. (2017). Deep Learning for Identifying Potential Conceptual Shifts for Co-creative Drawing. 31st Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2017), USA: Neural Information Processing Systems Foundation, Inc.
  • Maher, M., Grace, K. (2017). Encouraging Curiosity in Case-Based Reasoning and Recommender Systems. International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning: Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development, Cham: Springer, Cham. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Maher, M., Wilson, D., Najjar, N. (2017). Personalised Specific Curiosity for Computational Design Systems. Design Computing and Cognition '16, Cham: Springer, Cham. [More Information]
  • Boston, C., Clegg, T., Pauw, D., Preece, J., Warrick, E., Abdellahi, S., Christian, T., Grace, K., Maher, M., Cameron, J., et al (2017). Supporting environmental stewards' needs with technology. 20th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2017), New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Grace, S., Maher, M., Mahzoon, M., Lee, L., LoCurto, L., Outcault, B. (2017). The willful marionette: Exploring responses to embodied interaction. 2017 ACM SIGCHI Conference on Creativity and Cognition (C&C 2017), New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). [More Information]

2016

  • Grace, K., Maher, M., Wilson, D., Najjar, N. (2016). Combining CBR and Deep Learning to Generate Surprising Recipe Designs. In Ashok Goel, M. Belen Diaz-Agudo, Thomas Roth-Berghofer (Eds.), Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development: 24th International Conference, ICCBR 2016 Atlanta, GA, USA, October 31 - November 2, 2016 Proceedings, (pp. 154-169). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. [More Information]
  • Preece, J., Boston, C., Yeh, T., Cameron, J., Maher, M., Grace, K. (2016). Enticing casual nature preserve visitors into citizen science via photos. 19th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, CSCW 2016, United States: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). [More Information]
  • Preece, J., Boston, C., Maher, M., Grace, K., Yeh, T. (2016). From crowdsourcing technology design to participatory design and back again!. 3rd European Conference on Social Media Research, Reading: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited.
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2016). Surprise-Triggered reformulation of design goals. 30th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI 2016), United States: AAAI Press.
  • Mohammad, M., Maher, M., Grace, K., LoCurto, L., Outcault, B. (2016). The Willful Marionette: Modeling Social Cognition Using Gesture-Gesture Interaction Dialogue. In Dylan D. Schmorrow and Cali M. Fidopiastis (Eds.), AC 2016, Part II, LNAI 9744, (pp. 402-413). Switzerland: Springer. [More Information]

2015

  • Grace, K., Maher, M., Preece, J., Yeh, T., Stangle, A., Boston, C. (2015). A Process Model for Crowdsourcing Design: A Case Study in Citizen Science. In John S. Gero and Sean Hanna (Eds.), Design Computing and Cognition '14, (pp. 245-262). Cham: Springer. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Maher, M., Fisher, D., Brady, K. (2015). Data-intensive evaluation of design creativity using novelty, value, and surprise. International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, 3(3-4), 125-147. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2015). Interpretation-driven mapping: A framework for conducting search and rerepresentation in parallel for computational analogy in design. Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing, 29(2), 185-201. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Maher, M., Fisher, D., Brady, K. (2015). Modeling Expectation for Evaluating Surprise in Design Creativity. In John S. Gero and Sean Hanna (Eds.), Design Computing and Cognition '14, (pp. 189-206). Cham: Springer. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2015). Specific curiosity as a cause and consequence of transformational creativity. The Sixth International Conference on Computational Creativity (ICCC 2015), Provo: Brigham Young University.
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2015). Surprise and reformulation as meta-cognitive processes in creative design. Third Annual Conference on Advances in Cognitive Systems (ACS 2015), Atlanta: Cognitive Systems Foundation.

2014

  • Maher, M., Grace, K., Clausner, T., Tversky, B., Kirsch, D., Kay, J., Danielescu, A. (2014). Gesture-based interaction design: communication and cognition. ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2014), New York, USA: ACM. [More Information]
  • Maher, M., Preece, J., Yeh, T., Boston, C., Grace, K., Pasupuleti, A., Stangl, A. (2014). NatureNet: A Model for Crowdsourcing the Design of Citizen Science Systems. 17th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, CSCW 2014, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2014). Towards computational co-creation in modeling communities. 10th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment, AIIDE 2014, United States: AI Access Foundation.
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2014). Using computational creativity to guide data-intensive scientific discovery. Workshops at the Twenty-Eighth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-14), Quebec City: AAAI Press.
  • Grace, K., Maher, M. (2014). What to expect when you're expecting: the role of unexpectedness in computationally evaluating creativity. ICCC 2014: The Fifth International Conference on Computational Creativity, Ljubljana Slovenia: Jožef Stefan Institute.

2013

  • Grace, K., Wasinger, R., Ackad, C., Collins, A., Dawson, O., Gluga, R., Kay, J., Tomitsch, M. (2013). Conveying Interactivity at an Interactive Public Information Display. The Second International Symposium on Pervasive Displays (PerDis '13), New York: ACM Digital Library. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2013). Experiential Influences on Computational Association in Design. 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013): Open Systems, Singapore: CAADRIA.
  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2013). Learning how to reinterpret creative problems. Fourth International Conference on Computational Creativity ICCC 2013, Sydney, Australia: University of Sydney.

2012

  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2012). Constructing Computational Associations Between Ornamental Designs. 17th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: CAADRIA 2012 Beyond Codes and Pixels, Chennai: CAADRIA. [More Information]
  • Hespanhol, L., Tomitsch, M., Grace, K., Collins, A., Kay, J. (2012). Investigating Intuitiveness and Effectiveness of Gestures for Free Spatial Interaction with Large Displays. 2012 International Symposium on Pervasive Displays (PerDis 2012), New York, NY, USA: ACM Digital Library. [More Information]
  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2012). Representational Affordances and Creativity in Association-based Systems. Third International Conference on Computational Creativity ICCC 2012, Dublin, Ireland: University College Dublin.

2011

  • Grace, K., Saunders, R., Gero, J. (2011). Applying interpretation-driven association to design domains. 16th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia CAADRIA 2011, Hong Kong, China: CAADRIA.
  • Grace, K., Saunders, R., Gero, J. (2011). Interpretation-driven visual association. Second International Conference on Computational Creativity ICCC 2011, Mexico City, Mexico: Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana.

2010

  • Grace, K., Saunders, R., Gero, J. (2010). Constructing conceptual spaces for novel associations. First International Conference on Computational Creativity ICCC X 2010, Coimbra, Portugal: University of Coimbra.

2009

  • Saunders, R., Grace, K. (2009). Extending Context Free to Teach Interactive Evolutionary Design Systems. EvoMUSART 2009, Tubingen, Germany: European WorkShops on Applications of Evolutionary Computation.
  • Saunders, R., Grace, K. (2009). Teaching Evolutionary Design Systems by Extending "Context Free". In Mario Giacobini et al (Eds.), Applications of Evolutionary Computing, (pp. 591-596). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag. [More Information]

2008

  • Grace, K., Saunders, R., Gero, J. (2008). A Computational Model for Constructing Novel Associations. International Joint Workshop on Computational Creativity 2008, Madrid, Spain: Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
  • Gero, J., Grace, K., Saunders, R. (2008). Computational Analogy-Making in Designing: A process architecture. CAADRIA 2008: 13th Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, Chiang Mai, Thailand: Pimniyon Press. Co. Ltd.
  • Saunders, R., Grace, K. (2008). Towards a computational model of creative cultures. AAAI Spring Symposium on Creative Intelligent Systems, San Francisco: Stanford University.

2006

  • Grace, K., Gero, J., Saunders, R. (2006). Assisting design by analogy. ANZAScA 40th Annual Conference, Adelaide, Australia: The Architectural Science Association.

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