The unit aims to convey how fossils, stratigraphic and structural data are used together to determine ages and environments and the deformation history of rock layers. It covers an introduction to historical geology and the evolution of the major fossils groups. Methods of stratigraphic age determination include litho-, bio-, chemo-, magneto- stratigraphy, as well as radiometric geochronology and the stratigraphic characteristics of the main geological time intervals. Structural methods are focused on brittle deformation in the upper crust and sediments. Students will gain familiarity with the most important fossil groups and how to identify them, and with the most important types of faults and folds. The formation of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas will also be covered in an earth history and resource exploration context. The simultaneous use of fossils, stratigraphy and structure to unravel the geological history of a set of exposed rock layers is demonstrated during a field excursion to Yass.
Two 1 hour lectures plus one 2 hour practical each week.
One 2 hour exam, practical reports, field report (100%)
Class notes for the stratigraphy and fossils part will be available for purchase from The University Copy Centre. The following textbooks will be used for the structural geology component: - Van der Pluijm, B.A., and S. Marshak, 2004: Earth Structure: An Introduction to Structural Geology and Tectonics, 656p. W.W. Norton and Company, Inc, ISBN: 0-393-92467-X. - Haakon Fossen, 2010. Structural Geology. 2010. Cambridge University Press, 480 p. ISBN: 9780521516648
24cp of 1000-level units of study, including (GEOS1003 or GEOS1903) and (GEOS2114 or GEOS2914)Prohibitions
GEOL2123 or GEOL2124 or GEOS2924