Effective metabolic function is critical for animal health and wellbeing. Key concepts include the comparative differences between animals and humans (eg ruminant metabolism), common disruptions in metabolism and endocrine regulation in companion animals, as well as the impact of metabolic dysfunction in animal production systems (eg bovine ketosis and ovine pregnancy toxaemia). This unit of study begins with an introduction to the metabolic processes of cells, tissues and whole animals by examining the structure ie the cytological and histological characteristics, of animal tissues in the physical context of whole animals. An integrated view is explored of the role of hormones in homeostatic control as dynamic metabolic regulators in wellbeing and the consequences of dysregulation. Students will apply knowledge of animal nutrition and animal structure and function to determine the underlying basis of metabolic disease and disorders and, how to alleviate or mitigate the dysfunction. This will be done by utilising an understanding of adaptive metabolism in animals to interpret biochemical data and identify disruptions to metabolism and homeostatic mechanisms. Clinical veterinary medicine examples of disruption to metabolism are used to emphasise normal metabolic processes. Students will develop key skills in microscopy, cytology and histology for broad application in the sciences.
on average there are 4 hrs/ week of lectures and intermittent practical and tutorials of 1-2 hrs per week
intra-semester: 1x exam (25%); end of semester: 1x2-hr written exam (55%); other: 1x cytology group learning exercise (20%)
Recommended text: Alberts et al., (2014) Essential Cell Biology 4th Edition. Garland Publishing, New York. Sjaastad, O.V, Hove, K and Sand, O. (2003) Physiology of Domestic Animals. Scandanavian Veterinary Press. Other useful textbooks include: Alberts et al., Essential Cell Biology. Garland Publishing, New York. Various Editions Stryer, L. Biochemistry, W.H. Freeman , New York. Various Editions Lehninger, A.L. Principles of Biochemistry, Worth Publishing, New York, Various Editions Campbell, M.K., Biochemistry, Harcourt Brace, Philadelphia, Various Editions Cunningham, J.G. (2002) Textbook of Veterinary Physiology. 3rd ed, Saunders, Philadelphia.
Knowledge and concepts from BIOL1XX7