During the twentieth century, significant and influential debates about the ethical requirements for conducting scientific research have been conducted, specifically in medicine, biology, and physics. After the horrors of Nazi medical experimentation and the lethal potential of nuclear weapons became known, scientists started to discuss the social responsibilities they had and the principles that should govern research. In this OLE, we trace the history of these debates and the way they shaped current ideas about research ethics. Special attention will be paid to the protections that should be given to vulnerable populations, and to individuals and populations in developing nations. In this unit you will reflect on the ethical responsibilities of scientists and other researchers and how the current principles of of research ethics are influenced by this history and, in turn, what it means to be an ethical researcher.
2 x 2 hr seminar/workshop
2 x online MC quizzes (10% and 15%), 1 x online test (short answer; 20%), 1 x online test (long answer; 20%), 1 x online blog post (25%), participation (10%)
Students should have a basic understanding about current methods for conducting scientific and medical research, the ethical challenges that could potentially affect investigators while they are conducting their research, presenting their research publicly, or advising government bodies or private business about the outcomes of their research.