Dr Anthony Gill

Natural History Curator, Macleay Museum

PhD UNE; BSc (Hons 1) UNE

Biographical details

Tony Gill has had over 30 years of experience volunteering or working in natural history museums, beginning with an internship at the Australian Museum in 1981. Prior to joining the Macleay Museum in 2010, Tony Gill was Researcher – Shallow Marine Fishes in the Natural History Museum, London, and Museum Curator in the School of Life Sciences and Assistant Director for Collections in the International Institute for Species Exploration, Arizona State University. Tony received his PhD from the University of New England in 1991 based on research conducted at the Australian Museum. He was later a Smithsonian Postdoctoral Fellow in the National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., and Lerner-Grey Research Fellow in the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Research interests

  • Systematics and classification of fishes
  • Taxonomy and historical biogeography of Indo-Pacific fishes
  • Theory and methods in biological systematics and biogeography
  • History of natural history, particularly nineteenth-century ichthyology

Research Affiliations

    Current Projects

    • Taxonomy of the dottyback fish subfamily Pseudoplesiopinae - with Professor A.J. Edwards, University of Newcastle, U.K.
    • Composition and relationships of the fish family Lobotidae - with Dr J.M. Leis, Australian Museum.
    • Review of the Australian fish biogeography - with Dr R.D. Mooi, Manitoba Museum, Canada.
    • “Reversals” in cladistic analysis - with Dr R.D. Mooi, Manitoba Museum, Canada.
    • Identification of fish type specimens in the Macleay Museum.
    • Description of new dottyback fishes from Indonesia - with Dr G.R. Allen, Western Australian Museum, and Dr M.V. Erdmann, Conservation International, Indonesia.



    Co-curator, Stuffed, stitched and studied: Taxidermy in the 19th century, Macleay Museum, The University of Sydney, November 2014 - May 2015


    Co-curator, The meaning of life: Celebrating 50 years of Biological Sciences at the University of Sydney, Macleay Museum, The University of Sydney, 28 September 2012 - 8 March 2013

    Selected Publications


    Gill, A.C., S. Bogorodsky & A. Mal. 2014. Gymnoxenisthmus tigrellus, new genus and species of gobioid fish from the Red Sea (Gobioidei: Xenisthmidae). Zootaxa 3755: 491-495.

    Gill, A.C. 2014. Serranus magnificus Macleay 1882, a junior synonym of Epinephelus lanceolatus (Bloch 1790) (Teleostei: Serranidae). Zootaxa 3857: 599-600.


    Ebach, M.C., A.C. Gill, S.T. Ahyong, A. Kwan, D.J. Murphy & G. Cassis. 2013. Towards an Australian Bioregionalisation Atlas: A provisional area taxonomic revision of Australia’s biogeographical regions. Zootaxa 3619: 315-342

    Gill, A.C. 2013. Classification and relationships of Assiculus and Assiculoides (Teleostei: Pseudochromidae). Zootaxa 3718: 128-136.

    Gill, A.C., S. Bogorodsky & A. Mal. 2013. Acanthoplesiops cappuccino, a new species of acanthoclinine fish from the Red Sea (Teleostei: Plesiopidae). Zootaxa 3750: 216-222.


    Gill, A.C., G.R. Allen & M.V. Erdmann. 2012. Two new species of striped Pseudochromis from the Philippine Islands and Indonesia, with a redescription of P. colei (Teleostei: Pseudochromidae). Zootaxa 3165: 25-38.

    Gill, A.C. & R.D. Mooi. 2012. Thalasseleotrididae, new family of marine gobioid fishes from New Zealand and temperate Australia, with a revised definition of its sister taxon, the Gobiidae (Teleostei: Acanthomorpha). Zootaxa 3266: 41-52.

    Pethiyagoda, R. & A.C. Gill. 2012. Description of two new species of sea bass (Teleostei: Latidae: Lates) from Myanmar and Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 3314: 1-16.

    Russell, B.C. & A.C. Gill. 2012. The status of Pseudolabrus psittaculus (Richardson) and use of the name Pseudolabrus rubricundus (Macleay) for this species. Cybium 36: 353-356.


    Gill, A.C. & J.T. Williams. 2011. Description of two new species of Pseudochrominae from northern Palawan and Mindoro, Philippine Islands (Teleostei: Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Zootaxa 3140: 49-59.

    Gill, A.C. & U. Zajonz. 2011. Pseudochromine and pseudoplesiopine dottyback fishes from the Socotra Archipelago, Indian Ocean, with descriptions of two new species of Pseudochromis Rüppell (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Zootaxa 3106: 1-23.

    Mooi, R.D., D.M. Williams & A.C. Gill. 2011. Numerical cladistics, an unintentional refuge for phenetics: a reply to Wiley et al. Zootaxa 2946: 17-28.


    Gill, A.C. & R.D. Mooi. 2010. Character evidence for the monophyly of the Microdesminae, with comments on relationships to Schindleria (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Zootaxa 2442: 51-59. 

    Mooi, R.D. & A.C. Gill. 2010. Phylogenies without synapomorphies, a crisis in fish systematics: it’s time to show some character. Zootaxa 2450: 26-40. 


    Gill, A.C. 2004. Revision of the Indo-Pacific dottyback fish subfamily Pseudochrominae (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Smithiana Monograph 1: i-ii + 1-214, pls 1-12. 

    Mooi, R.D. & A.C. Gill. 2004. Notograptidae, sister to Acanthoplesiops Regan (Teleostei: Plesiopidae: Acanthoclininae), with comments on biogeography, diet and morphological convergence with Congrogadinae (Teleostei: Pseudochromidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London 141: 179-205. 

    Gill, A.C. & A.J. Edwards. 2004. Revision of the Indian Ocean dottyback fish genera Chlidichthys and Pectinochromis (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae: Pseudoplesiopinae). Smithiana Bulletin 3: 1-47, 3 pls. 


    Gill, A.C. & J.M. Kemp. 2002. Widespread Indo-Pacific shore-fish species: a challenge for taxonomists, biogeographers, ecologists, and fishery and conservation managers. Environmental Biology of Fishes 65: 165-174.

    Gill, A.C. & R.D. Mooi. 2002. Phylogeny and systematics of fishes. Pp. 15-42. In: P.J.B. Hart & J.D. Reynolds (eds). Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries. Volume 1. Fish Biology. Blackwell Science, Oxford.

    Mooi, R.D. & A.C. Gill. 2002. Historical biogeography of fishes. Pp. 43-68. In: P.J.B. Hart & J.D. Reynolds (eds). Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries. Volume 1. Fish Biology. Blackwell Science, Oxford.


    Gill, A.C. & R. Fricke. 2001. Revision of the western Indian Ocean fish subfamily Anisochrominae (Perciformes, Pseudochromidae). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, London, Zoology Series 67: 191-207.


    Gill, A.C. & A.J. Edwards. 1999. Monophyly, interrelationships and description of three new genera in the dottyback fish subfamily Pseudoplesiopinae (Teleostei: Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Records of the Australian Museum 51: 141-160. 


    Gill, A.C. 1996. Comments on an intercalar path for the glossopharyngeal (cranial IX) nerve as a synapomorphy of the Paracanthopterygii and on the phylogenetic position of the Gobiesocidae (Teleostei: Acanthomorpha). Copeia 1996: 1022-1029.


    Gill, A.C. 1995. Identification of the primary types of pseudochromine species described by Pieter Bleeker, with lectotype designations for Pseudochromis tapeinosoma and P. xanthochir (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Copeia 1995: 243-246.

    Mooi, R.D. & A.C. Gill. 1995. Association of epaxial musculature with dorsal-fin pterygiophores in acanthomorph fishes, and its phylogenetic significance. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, London, Zoology Series 61: 121–137.