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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–A

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–A, Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 19 September 2019

- A -

ABBA, Giovanni

Trombone player

Born c. 1825
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by June 1854
Departed Melbourne, VIC, October 1854 (per Charlotte, for Valparaiso)


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 June 1854), 8 

ROWE'S CIRCUS. Concert Extraordinary.
A Band of Italian Musicians, whose talent was unsurpassed in their native country, having recently arrived in this colony, will have the honor of making their first appearance in Melbourne, and giving a grand Concert at Rowe's Circus, on Saturday evening, June 10th, 1854.
Having made arrangements with with Caverly Volunteer Fire Company to appear with it on all public occasions, the Band has received permission to take its name and wear its uniform.
The Band will therefore be known as the Caverly Volunteer Band.
It consists of A. Rangoni, Manager, Cornet-a-pistons; Angelo Lagomarsino, Basso; Francesco Volpi, Clarinetto; Giacinto Gagliardi, Flauto; Giovanni Abba, Trombone; Allessandro Belloni, Basso; and Giovanni Grenno, Casa. Herr Ellerner will preside at the piano . . .

VIC PRO, Outward passenger index, October 1854

ABBOTT, C. D. (Mr. C. D. ABBOTT; ? D. C. ABBOTT; ? Charles ABBOTT)

American violinist, musician (Backus Minstrels)

Toured Australia, October 1855 to April 1856
? Died La Salle, Illinois, USA, 20 May 1864


[Advertisement], Empire (29 October 1855), 4

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. THIS EVENING, Monday, October 2Dth, 1865, the entertainments will commence with tho unrivalled performances of the BACKUS MINSTRELS, Characters by Messrs. Charles Backus, S. C. Campbell, W. M. Parker, Jerry Bryant, C. D. Abbott, A. Morgan, W. A. Porter, D. F. Roley, O. N. Burbank . . .

"COPPIN'S OLYMPIC", The Argus (17 December 1855), 5

Mr. Abbott is a violinist of superior ability, besides being in every respect an accomplished musician. The part music is deliciously rendered . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1856), 1

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. Grand Complimentary Benefit and Last Appearance of the Backus Minstrels . . . April 5th, Farewell Concert . . . Violin Solo - C. D. Abbott . . . Violin Solo - C. D. Abbott . . .


Amateur musician, bandmaster

Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1857
Died Beechworth, VIC, 16 May 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 March 1857), 2

The first concert of this society took place last evening at the Wesleyan School room, Ford street. Pressure of business prevented our attending, but we are informed by a gentleman who was there, and who ought to be a good judge in such matters, that the performances were excellent. Mrs. Nicklin is reported to have sung the solo, "Angels ever bright and fair," with a sweetness and clearness of voice not to be met with every day. Mr. Higgins too, we are assured, deserves honorable mention in connection with the performances of last evening, the pleasures of which were, it is said, greatly enhanced by the excellent music of the amateur brass band; and we can ourselves bear testimony to the proficiency and creditable performances of the amateur band, of which our highly respected townsman, Mr. Eli Abbott is the leader, and we believe the founder.

"DIED", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (18 May 1861), 2

On the 16th instaut, at his residence, in Camp street, Mr. Eli Abbott, one of the oldest inhabitants of this town, aged 35 years. Much and deservedly respected by all who knew him.

"FUNERAL OF MR. ELI ABBOTT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (22 May 1861), 2

"OLD MEMORIES", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (20 October 1861), 8 

. . . Music is still in the air. From the other side of the town, during the week day evening, comes another familiar face that has passed away - Mr. Eli Abbott, the originator of the Beechworth Brass Band. He built a round summer-house, with thatched roof, in his garden, where they assembled for practice, and strains were heard from his trombone almost every evening. Some wag wrote a song on a ball that was held on St. Patrick's Day. It ended thus -

The tradesmen all were at the ball,
But Eli stopped away;
And he played on his old trombone
In his round-house, all alone.
And play on he must,
Though his biler will bust;
And he played on his old trombone.


Songwriter, lyricist, artist, public servant

Born c. 1803
Died Hobart Town, TAS, 10 July 1875 (NLA persistent identifier)

Bibliography and resources:

"John Abbott", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO) 


Francis Hartwell Henslowe

ABECCO, Raffaele (Raphael ABECCO)

Tenor vocalist, harpist, minstrel

Born 1836
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by February 1865
Departed Bunbury, WA, June 1869 (per Sea Ripple for Singapore)
Died Chicago, USA, 3 January 1879, aged 42


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1865), 1

  [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 February 1865), 1

"THE CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Empire (21 February 1865), 4

"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1865), 7

"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Empire (27 February 1865), 5

"CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Portland Guardian (23 September 1867), 2

[News], Evening Post (24 October 1867), 2

Many persons will remember a stout gentleman of Saxon countenance rejoicing in the rank and name of Signor Raphael Abecco, who, in the early part of the year, visited Wellington with a musical company. Mr. Abecco is now in Melbourne as manager of some Christy's Minstrels, at whose hands, by all accounts, he has suffered very badly in purse and in person. The Minstrels, it would appear, have made an unsuccessful tour through the Western districts of Victoria, and poor Abecco had not the wherewithal to pay their salaries. The members thereupon waxed wroth and took their moneys worth out of him by an assault. Abecco appealed to the law, and his assailants were fined £5 each, with the alternative of 6 weeks imprisonment. One of them, named Taylor, was unable to pay, but offered the Bench his gold watch; unaccountably, however, the presiding justice declined converting the Court into a Mont de Piete, and refused the security.

"SIGNOR ABECCO'S CONCERT. TO THE EDITOR", The South Australian Advertiser (24 February 1868), 2

"STRATHABLYN", South Australian Chronicle (30 May 1868), 7

"WELLINGTON", The Inquirer & Commercial News (23 June 1869), 3

"BUNBURY", The Perth Gazette (25 June 1869), 2

"WEST AUSTRALIAN THEATRICALS. (To the Editor ...)", The Western Australian Times (13 February 1877), 2

"SIGNOR ABECCO", The Western Australian Times (25 April 1879), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 118:

Sig. Raphael Abecco gained distinction in minstrelsy chiefly for his excellent performance on the harp: but was also a fine tenor singer, and a composer of repute. As early as October 20, 1857, he was with Matt. Peel's Minstrels, and continued with Peel until the latter's death in 1859. August 27, 1860, he began a season's engagement at Sanford's Minstrels in Philadelphia; in the Spring of 1861 fulfilling a short season with Unsworth's Minstrels; he returned to Sanford's for the season of 1861-62. July 7, 1862, he opened with Wood's Minstrels in New York City, and in 1863 Birch, Cotton, Wells and Abecco's Minstrels inaugurated their season in San Francisco. In 1865 he sailed for Australia and remained abroad until 1872. January 9, 1875 he opened with Simmons and Slocum's Minstrels in Philadelphia, and the following season was a member of Simmons, Slocum and Sweatnam's Minstrels in the same city. His last engagement was with Emerson's Minstrels, December 25, 1878. Sig. Abecco was of foreign birth; he died in Chicago, Ill., January 3, 1879; age 42 years.



Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 December 1848 (per Rover's Bride from London)


"Miss Abrahams ... from the Royal Academy [of Music], London" made her first and only documented appearance in Sydney at John Philip Deane's concert on 30 March 1849.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Maitland Mercury (13 December 1848), 2

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (24 March 1849), 3

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 March 1849), 2

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT. To the editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 April 1849), 3

GENTLEMEN, - In your issue of Wednesday appears a paragraph respecting Mr. Deane's Concert, wherein the debutante, Miss Abrahams, is spoken of as a promising child. This being calculated to do Miss A. a most serious injury as a professor and teacher of music, I beg to state through the medium of your widely circulated Journal, that Miss A., so far from being a promising child, is a young lady of sufficiently matured age to enact the teacher to a number of pupils, and has been pronounced not only a proficient in the art of music, but a pianist of more than ordinary ability by the most competent judges here and in the mother country. TRUTH. Thursday, April 6.

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 April 1849), 2

ABRAHAMS, Isaac ("Ikey the Fiddler")

Musician, convict

Born Middlesex, England, 1798
Arrived Hobart, 1826 (per Earl St Vincent, from UK 20 April)


[Government gazette], Colonial Times (14 December 1831), 4

THE undermentioned prisoner having absconded from their places of residence ... Isaac Abrahams, 5 ft, 5 1/2 ins, dark brown hair, dark brown eyes, aged 33 years, a musician, tried at Middlesex in Sept. 1825, sentenced 7 years, per Earl St. Vincent, native of Middlesex, scar on forehead over left eyebrow, scar back of left arm, absconded from G. C. Clark, Esq. Dec. 1831. Reward £2.

"APPREHENDED", The Hobart Town Courier (17 December 1831), 2

[Public advertisement], Colonial Times (12 March 1833), 4

"LAUNCESTON POLICE", The Cornwall Chronicle (17 November 1838), 3

Isaac Abrahams, alias "Ikey the Fiddler", a well known character, was fined £10 and costs, for harbouring a female assigned servant of Mr. Pyle's.

ADALL, Richard


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


"POLICE", The Argus (12 December 1856), 6

Richard Adall was charged with being drunk, and having a sword-stick in his possession. The prisoner was creating a disturbance, on the preceding day, in the Royal Mail Hotel, Swanston-street, and sprung the sword-stick, but apparently without any mischievous intention. He is a musician. Upon expressing his contrition, he was fined 20s., or three days' imprisonment.

ADAMS, Frederick

Choral conductor, amateur vocalist

Active Longford, TAS, 1860s


 [Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (25 April 1860), 7

"LONGFORD", Launceston Examiner (29 April 1895), 6

... the first society was started here about 35 years ago, under the joint conductorship of Mr. [John] Adams, of Launceston, and Mr. Horace Laws, of Longford, Mr. Fred. Adams subsequently taking the command. This was named the Philharmonic Society, and included in its ranks members of some of the old Longford families, such as the Misses Kirby, Clerke, Archer, Noake, Paton, and others, rehearsals and concerts being held in an iron store, near the site of the old windmill, just off Wellington-street.


Instrumentalist (theatrical orchestra)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1843, 1845


THE DRAMA. THE CITY THEATRE", The Sun and New South Wales Independent Press (20 May 1843), 3

... The Orchestra comprises the following instrumental Performers: - Mr. S. Wallace, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Walton, Mr. Wallace, senior; Mr. Portbury, Mr. Walker, Mr. Adams, Mr. Wright, Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Strong, and Mr. Andrews.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1845), 2

... The Orchestra - Mr. J. Gibbs, Leader; Mr. S. W. Wallace, Mr. Deane, Mr. Friedlander, Mr. E. Deane, Mr. W. Deane, Mr. Westroppe, Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Turner, Mr. Vaughan, Mr. Adams, and Mr. Wright.

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

ADAMS, John (Mr. ADAMS; Mr. John ADAMS)

Composer, professor of music, choral conductor (pupil of Sir George Elvey)

Born UK, 1822/23
Arrived Launceston, TAS, by 1853
Died Launceston, TAS, 11 August 1861, aged 38 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (29 March 1853), 2

PIANOFORTES. - The undersigned having made the necessary arrangements with the most eminent London manufacturers, with whom he has been professionally connected for some years, is prepared, during his stay in the colonies, to execute commissions for the above instruments ... John ADAMS, Late of Her Majesty's Chapel Royal, Windsor. March 26.

"LAUNCESTON, TASMANIA", The Musical Times [UK] 8/189 (1 November 1858), 339

Marriage register, St. John's, Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:856286; RGD37/1/16 no 569 

"MUSIC FOR THE MILLION", Launceston Examiner (9 April 1859), 2

"To the Editor ... MUSIC FOR THE MILLION", The Cornwall Chronicle (21 May 1859), 5

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 May 1859), 5

We stated in our last that we had received from Mr. Adams a piece of music composed for his class. The music itself is excellent, and well adapted for the purpose: - that is to give the time. We shall not comment upon the verses more than to observe that it is wonderful how Mr. Adams could find music for them so harsh and discordant as they are. The music is beautifully lithographed we believe by Mr. Allen, of Charles-Street, and may be had for 6d. each piece.

Deaths in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1202378; RGD35/1/30 no 200

Probate, John Adams; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:632255; AD960/1/5 

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 August 1861), 5 

We regret to record the death of John Adams, Esq., which occurred at Fair Place, on Sunday last. Mr Adams has been a long while a sufferer, having been a prey to the fell disease Consumption, under which he lingered. Still however, although an invalid, he exerted himself much for the people of this town, until he was unable to do so longer, by endeavoring to carry out institutions for their advancement in the science he dearly loved. He was a musician of the highest order, and many are indebted to him for the knowledge they have attained in the most delightful of the finer accomplishments. Mr. Adams was the conductor of the Philharmonic Society, and to his exertions the formation of the Million Classes, which promised the greatest success, but which failed in consequence of his sinking health was attributable. Mr. Adams has left a widow, the daughter of the late esteemed Dr. Lansdale, and grand-daughter of the late Richard Dry, Esq., and several children, to lament their loss.

"DEATHS", The Mercury (22 August 1861), 2

"ST. ANDREW'S YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION", Launceston Examiner (1 November 1862), 4 

The entertainment commenced with the performance on the organ of "The Tasmanian Anthem", by the late Mr. John Adams ...

"A CORRESPONDENT writing to us from Hobart Town ...", The Musical Times (1 January 1873), 724 

Bibliography and resources:

Skinner 2011, 304-306 (DIGITISED)

ADAMSON, David Beveridge

Violin maker

Born Hawick, Scotland, 22 March 1823
Arrived South Australia, 19 September 1839 (per Recovery)
Died Adelaide, SA, 23 June 1891, aged 68 (NLA persistent identifier)


See Miss La Vence


Adamson claimed (in 1876) to have made the first violin in South Australia in 1841.

At Tenterden, on 6 November 1849, he married Emma Golding La Vence (1831-1880), who is probably the vocalist Miss La Vence who had appeared in two Adelaide Choral Society concerts earlier that year, and who, as Mrs. Adamson, sang in a War Fund concert in 1854.


"CHAMBER OF MANUFACTURERS", The South Australian Advertiser (21 December 1876), 6

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (24 June 1891), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Julie Evans, "Adamson, David Beveridge", Australian dictionary of biography suppl. (2005)

Alan Coggins, Violin and bow makers of Australia (?: for the author, 2009), 25

ADCOCK, Marianne Eliza (Miss PETTINGELL; Mrs. St. John ADCOCK)

Professor of music, pianist, singer, organist, arranger

Born Paddington, London, England, 12 August 1821 (daughter of Joseph PETTINGELL and Marianne LINDEN)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 4 September 1834 (passenger on Thomas Laurie, from London, London, 17 March)
Died Cootamundra, NSW, 28 November 1890, in her 70th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ADCOCK, Marion Eliza (Miss ADCOCK; from 5 March 1860, Mrs. G. R. BELL)



Eldest surviving daughter of Joseph Pettingell ("late of Mount Street, Grosvenor Square, London", "late Tailor to their Majesties, the Royal Horse Guards, the Dukes Wellington, Gordon, Newcastle, the Russian and French Ambassadors ... maker to the Berkeley, Andover, and Heaton Park Clubs") and his wife Marianne Linden (1799/1800-1890), she arrived in Hobart as a child in 1834 with her parents and five siblings (the family travelled under the wife's maiden name of Linden). She first appeared in public in Hobart at George Peck's Theatre of the Arts on 1 May 1835, billed as "a pupil of 'Panorma'", probably the elderly Francis Panormo (1763-1843), who, shortly before the Pettingells' departure from London in mid-1834, was living at No. 4 Tottenham-Court New Road.

Marianne re-settled in Sydney in 1839 and married in 1842. Her younger sister Frederica Pettingell taught music and dancing with her in Tasmania (1838) and sang with her in Sydney (1841-42). In later years, Marianne was the organist of St. Paul's, Redfern (now the Greek Orthodox Cathedral).


"Panormo", in Sainsbury , A dictionary of musicians, 260


Diary of Joseph Pettingell, MS; National Library of Australia

"Ship News", Trumpeter General (9 September 1834), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (14 October 1834), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 April 1835), 3

Theatre of Arts, Under the Patronage of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor and Family, and several Persons of distinction. ON FRIDAY EVENING NEXT, MAY 1st, the following Entertainments will be presented:
PART I. THE PASSAGE OF THE GREAT ST. BERNARD By NAPOLEON, and his Grand Army of Reserve, consisting of Thirty Thousand Men; THE MONK OF ST. BERNARD'S And his Dog, &c. GRAND CONCERTO, PIANO-FORTE, By Miss Pettingell, A Young Lady only 12 years of Age, Pupil of the celebrated "Panorma."
PART II. NSW LONDON BRIDGE, WITH ST. PAUL'S, And Part of London in the Distance. A Variety of Pleasing and Ingenious Mechanical Figures will enliven the Scene. After which, MR. PECK will perform his admired Imitations of the celebrated "PAGANINI" on the Violin.
PART III. MOUNT WELLINGTON, As seen from Sandy Bay, with the upper part of Davey-street. In this Scene, in addition to a variety of Local Figures, "The Death of the Kangaroo." A splendid effect of Cloud and Sunshine will be presented. BRUCE'S ADDRESS, With Variations on the Piano-forte by MISS PETTINGELL.
The whole to Conclude with THE STORM AT SEA. Doors Open at Six o'Clock, and the Performance to Commence at Seven. April 28,1835.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (27 January 1838), 15

PRIVATE TUITION. THE MISSES PETTINGELL beg respectfully to inform the Ladies of Launceston, that they would be happy to give Lessons in Music, Drawing, Oriental Painting, and Dancing, either at their residence, or those of their Pupils. For Terms, enquire at 2, Cameron's Buildings, St. John-street, Launceston.

"LOCAL NEWS", The Australian (9 March 1839), 3

Music. - By an advertisement in another column, we perceive that Miss Pettingell, professor of music, has arrived from Launceston, and has opened a Music Seminary in Elizabeth-street.

"A CARD - MISS PETTINGELL", The Australian (9 March 1841), 1

"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Herald (20 May 1842), 3

By special license, on Thursday, the 19th instant, at Saint Lawrence's, by the Rev. R. Sconce, Mr. St. John Adcock, to Marianne Eliza, eldest daughter of Mr. Joseph Pettingell, Law Stationer, of this town.

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 August 1859), 7 

... The principal singers who took part in the concerted music were Signor Spagnoletti, an accomplished singer and a good musician. His daughter, who has a fine soprano voice, sang with him some duetts from the operas. Mrs. St. John Adcock and Miss Adcock took parts in some of the trios and quartette, and also rendered valuable assistance in the choruses ...

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1890), 7

DEATHS. ADCOCK. - November 28, at Cootamundra, in her 70th year, Marianne Eliza Adcock.

Published musical works:

La Favorita Polka [Donizetti] arranged by Mrs. St. John Adcock (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857, repr. after 1858])

See also: Annie Laurie. A favorite ballad, as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock (Sydney: J. Moore, [? 1855/6]) (also an (?earlier) Woolcott & Clarke edition, 1855)

ADDISON, Thomas Plummer (Mr. T. P. ADDISON)

Amateur flautist, member Adelaide Choral Society

Arrived Adelaide, SA, October 1838 (immigrant per Pestonjee Bomanjee)
Died Adelaide, SA, 14 January 1878, in his 74th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ADDISON, Arthur Richman

Amateur pianist 


"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY', Adelaide Times (26 February 1849), 2 

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

"LINGER MEMORIAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (15 July 1863), 2 

"ST. PAUL'S CHURCH", South Australian Register (26 September 1864), 5 

... A glee by five gentleman and two lady amateurs was next given, followed by a duet, "Deh! con te li Preudi," on the piano and flute, by Messrs. A. R. and T. P. Addison, each of which pieces elicited applause ... Messrs. A. R. and T. P. Addison gave another duet, "Ecco il Pegus," on the piano and flute.

"DIED", The South Australian Advertiser (15 January 1878), 4 

Bibliography and resources:

The Old Colonists Banquet group: Thomas Plummer Addison [B 47769/19D], photograph, State Library of South Australia 

ADDISON, Glentworth Walsh Fraser

Songwriter, composer

Born Manchester, England, 22 April 1831
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1850
Died Hunters Hill, NSW, 17 November 1903, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Addison was associated with the Melbourne Herald in 1854. He was the first composer to set a lyric by the poet Henry Halloran.


[Family history],

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 November 1903), 8

DEATHS. ADDISON. - November 17, 1903, at his residence, Doonbah, Hunter's Hill, Glentworth Walsh Fraser, late senior stipendiary magistrate, Sydney, eldest son of the late Lieutenant-Colonel H.R. Addison, formerly 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays), aged 72 years.

"Obituary", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (19 November 1903), 2

MR. G. W. F. ADDISON. After a well-spent life of 72 years, Mr. Glentworth Walsh Fraser Addison, late senior stipendary magistrate of Sydney, passed peacefully away at Sydney on Tuesday evening. The deceased gentleman, who was one of the best known figures in the city, was a son of the late Lieutenant-Colonel H. R. Addison, of the 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays). His son Mr. G. Addison, is the present Clerk of Petty Sessions at Bathurst. In 1850, just about the time of the Victorian gold rush, he, then a young man, arrived in the southern State. After a few years spent there he came to Sydney and entered the Lands Department, and was subsequently transferred to the northern district, being appointed Sub-Gold Commissioner ... Mr. Addison was the oldest living relative of the poet Addison, his grandfather, Judge Addison, British Resident of Borea (India) being the heir-at-law and collateral relative of the poet.

Musical works:

Heartsease (Words: "Geraldine") (Sydney: Sandon, [1858]); NO COPY IDENTIFIED

Lost Marguarite (words: Henry Halloran) (Sydney: James Fussell, [1861]; in The Australian Musical Bouquet) 

ADNEY, Marcus Leopold

Composer, songwriter

Born Wareham, Dorset, England, December 1853
Active Sydney, NSW, 1899-1900
Died ? NSW, 1901


"NEW MUSIC", Evening News (21 March 1899), 8

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1900), 4


Rise! Australia (Australian national anthem written and composed by Marcus Leopold Adney) (Sydney: Andrews & Cook, 1899) 

Heroes of Mafeking (patriotic verses entitled "Tom Daring," to the tune of "Tom Bowling") (Sydney: John Sands, printer, [1900]); for Dibden's tune, as arranged by Jules Riviere, see Tom Bowling

Bibliography and resources:

ADOLPHE, Monsieur & Madame

Actors, ? dancers, ? vocalists (Charriere company)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (26 February 1842), 3 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (1 March 1842), 1 

"OLYMPIC", The Australian (3 March 1842), 2 

"THEATRICALS", The Sydney Herald (2 May 1842), 2 

A new theatrical company has been formed in Sydney under the title of the "Foreign Operatic Company;" the principal performers are, Mr. and Mrs. Charriere, Mr. and Mrs. Gautrot, Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle, and Mr. Adolphe, with the two Brazilian Girls from the Olympic. They intend to give performances in the saloon of the Royal Hotel.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (15 June 1842), 2 

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, Civilising the colonies, 47


Mons. and Madame Charriere

Joseph and Madame Gautrot

John and Eliza Bushelle


Chinese musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1856


"THEATRES", The Star (4 November 1856), 2

Our reporter being unable to obtain admission at the Montezuma last night, writes - Proceeding outwards to the Celestial entertainment we met with a more benign reception. The great attraction of the evening was the performance of six Chinese upon certain musical instruments The number of persons present was about 2000, there being a great muster of Celestials. The principal performers were O-Wai and A-Fou, but what particular instruments they played we are at a loss to say. Out of the six musicians three performed on what bears some remote resemblance to an English violin; the bow used being somewhat similar to that used with a violincello. Two others performed on instruments played in the same fashion as a guitar, and the sixth had a small basket placed before him, fixed on three pieces of wood, which was evidently meant to represent a drum. This basket the performer beat with two very small drumsticks occasionally accompanying the action by singing. To say that these six Chinese "discoursed most eloquent music", would be to make a great mistake, as the sound produced reminded us of certainly nothing terrestrial which we ever heard before. The novelty of this entertainment drew a large company, together, but the music was far too peculiar to be generally appreciated.

[Advertisement], The Star (30 November 1856), 3

THE CELEBRATED CHINESE MUSICIANS, O-Wai and A-Fou, Principal Musicians to the O-ho of Tibet, Lassa, will perform SOLOS, DUETS, &c. During the evening on the KAI-PI! and HUC-MUC!

"A CHINESE CONCERT ON BALLARAT", The Argus (5 November 1856), 5

"A CHINESE CONCERT ON BALLARAT", The Perth Gazette (16 January 1857), 4

AGNES, Marion = Agnes BOOTH

Theatrircal dancer, actor (active Sydney, NSW, 1856)


Drum-major (96th Regiment), bandmaster (St. Joseph's Band, 1845-49)

Born Dundalk, Louth, Ireland, c.1814
Arrived NSW, ? 1841 (with regiment)
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), by 1845
Died East Maitland, NSW, 12 October 1892, aged 78 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

AGNEW, James V.


Born Lahore, India
Died West Maitland, NSW, 28 June 1919


"LOCAL. Mark of Respect", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (19 July 1848), 3 

On Tuesday evening last the young men who compose the band of the St. Joseph's Society held a ball, &c., at the Music Hall, Collins-street, in order to raise funds to present Mr. Agnew, of the 96th band, with some slight mark of respect, for the great trouble he has taken in instructing them in playing the various instruments. The Hall was well filled with highly respectable people, who appeared greatly amused and delighted at the very clever manner in which the young men performed some fine tunes. Dancing was kept up to about 12 o'clock, when the Company broke up. We are also happy to state that the Vicar-General, on Thursday last, at the weekly meeting of the St. Joseph's T. A. S., proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. Agnew, for his zeal in instructing the young men forming the instrumental band to become proficients. These marks of respect must be highly satisfactory to Mr. Agnew, to which we are satisfied he is justly entitled, for we have witnessed on various occasions the great pains Mr. Agnew has always taken with the band to instruct them on the various instruments.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1872), 1

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury (15 October 1892), 1

"THE LATE JOHN AGNEW", The Maitland Mercury (15 October 1892), 4

Our obituary in last issue contained the name of John Agnew. Mr. Agnew had for many years been lockup keeper in East Maitland, but at the time of his death was living on the pension well-earned by attention to duty. He was one of the worthiest of the older police force that we have known; always courteous, punctilious in the discharge of duty, and precise and regular in his ways, as became a man whose army training had left an impress on his manners and formed his habits. A good old man has gone to his rest. The following particulars of Mr. Agnew's career will not be without interest. He enlisted in the 96th Regiment and served nearly thirty years, including eight years of service as a boy. He served in England, Ireland and Scotland, in Halifax, Jamaica, East India and Norfolk Island. He was in New South Wales with a detachment of his regiment early in the forties - when the military were required to control the convicts. He went thence to Launceston, where in 1845 he formed the oldest brass band in Australia - St. Joseph's Brass Band, which is still in existence. From Launceston he went to East India, where he remained until he left the army on a pension and with a long service and good conduct medal. In 1855 he returned to New South Wales, where he joined the police force in 1857. He was stationed four years in Largs and 21 years in East Maitland, till he was pensioned in 1882.

"ST. JOSEPH'S BAND. FIFTY YEARS' HISTORY", Launceston Examiner (6 July 1895), 3

... St. Joseph's Band was formed in July, 1845, in connection with St. Joseph's Total Abstinence Society, and may therefore be said to be the oldest association of its character in the colonies ... The first bandmaster was the late Mr. John Agnew, of the 96th Regiment, and the original members were Messrs Charles Galvin, John McKenzie, William Mainsbridge, Andrew Skate, Arthur McIver, Francis McIver, Morgan O'Meara, William O'Meara, David O'Keefe, Thomas Keogh, Thomas Leary, John Murphy, and Bernard Lynch.

"Death of Mr. J. Agnew", The Maitland Mercury (28 June 1919), 4

Born in Lahore, India, the late Mr. Agnew arrived in Australia with his parents when only a few years of age. He followed the occupation of a carpenter and joiner, and for a number of years was employed by James Wolstonholme, Limited. He was one of the founders of the Maitland Federal Band, in which he always took a great interest, and was well-known in musical circles generally.

"The World's Oldest Band Celebrates Its Centenary", Examiner (25 August 1945), 11


Chinese singer, government interpreter

Active Ballarat, VIC, by late 1850s
Departed c.1880s (for China)


[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

At about nine o'clock Mr. Lang, the assiduous president of the institute, brought up to the orchestra a band of some tea or a dozen Chinese, whose services he had enlisted in the good cause. It had been announced that Mr. Ah Coon, the Government interpreter, would favor the company with songs in the Malay, Amoy, and Chin Choo dialects, but Mr. Ah Coon, it appears, did not feel himself in sufficiently robust health to trust his reputation as a vocalist to the hazard of an attempt that evening, confining himself to heralding to the audience the performances of his compatriots. With Chinese music and musical instruments our readers are somewhat familiar, but we dare say they will not be sorry to have the comments of an explanatory paper handed to us on Saturday evening by the president. From this we learn that Ge Sin played on the Kong-wai. The drums covered with buffalo skins were played by Ah Kow, and the gong by Le Tak. The Chinese guitar, or moot-kem, a flat circular instrument with four strings, played on by means of a small piece of bone, was manipulated by Lee-Sem. Wee-Pin played with bone the Sam-yen, a guitar like instrument of three strings, the sounding board being covered with snake-skin. The pan-ewoo, a flat disc of wood for the purpose of keeping time, was beaten by sticks. The shap-ar, a small oblong piece of hardwood six inches by three, was also used for marking time. Wee-Pin played the cymbals or cha, well known to dwellers in Ballarat East. Lee Tak also played the gong or laur, "very effective", as Mr. Lang says, "in producing loud music". Lee Yeng and Lee Chok played the tee-uh or tuk-tie, which produced sounds similar to the Scotch bagpipes, or Scotch organ, as Ah Coon calls the instrument. As we have before stated, Mr. Ah Coon did not sing, but Lee Tak and Kong Wai did. The first sang in his natural voice, and the second in falsetto; but, owing to the ponderousness of the accompaniment, neither could be heard. At the conclusion of the songs, the party retired amidst the applause which courtesy, if not appreciation demanded.

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3

"BALLARAT", The Argus (5 June 1866), 5

"A VISIT FROM THE DEAD", The Maitland Mercury (22 July 1871), 2


Chinese musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1863


[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3


AKHURST, William Mower

Dramatist, lyricist, composer

Born Hammersmith, London, England, 29 December 1822
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 20 June 1849 (per Posthumous)
Departed Australia, 1869/70
Died on return voyage to Australia, 6/7 June 1878 (NLA persistent identifier)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian (22 June 1849), 2

ARRIVED ... June 20. The barque Posthumous, 890 tons, B. Davison, from London and Plymouth. Passengers: ... Wm. Akhurst wife and infant.

"MR. W. M. AKHURST", The Argus (27 January 1870), 6

Mr. W. M. Akhurst, a gentleman who has been intimately connected with the press and dramatic institutions of this city for the past 10 years, is about to return to England ..." [a detailed resume of his Australian career

Victorian Year-book (1878-79), 344

Mr. W. M. Akhurst, author of several pantomimes and burlesques for the Melbourne stage, died on his return voyage from England.

"DEATH OF WILLIAM MOWER AKHURST", The South Australian Advertiser (22 August 1878), 5

"OPERA HOUSE. THE AKHURST BENEFIT", The Argus (21 March 1879), 6

Musical works include:

The Acacia waltz (in The Illustrated Melbourne Post (24 March 1864)) 

Beautiful swells ("celebrated duet ... in Mr. W. M. Akhurst's burlesque extravaganza King Arthur) (Melbourne: For the author by C. Troedel, [1868]) 

My dear girls she's a pal of mine ("duo piquant in The Siege of Troy; the words by W. M. Akhurst") (Melbourne: C. Troedel, [1868]) 

Bibliography and resources:,_William

AKHURST, Walter Frederick

Printer, lithographer, music publisher

Born North Adelaide, SA, 2 January 1854 (son of William Mower AKHURST above)
Died Sydney, NSW, 6 April 1904, aged 50


Having worked previously for Charles Troedel's lithographic and printing business, Akhurst established his own Sydney firm, Walter Akhurst and Co. (also "W. Akhurst and Co.") in May 1881, when Troedel moved to Melbourne. Over the next 20 years the company published much sheet music in Sydney under its own name, as well as printing for other houses.


[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 May 1881), 5

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1904), 6

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1904), 6


"DEATHS", The Argus (8 April 1904), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 124-25

[Family history]

ALCOCK, Edward

General printer

Born c. 1794
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1841
1845 as music printer
Died North Brisbane, Moreton Bay, NSW (QLD), 24 September 1854, aged 60 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Musical and other publications:

A good black gin, an Australian melody, poet, Lieut. J. W. Dent; composer, I. Nathan (Sydney: W. Moffitt, 1845) 

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 127 (DIGITISED)

ALDERMAN, Valentina Zerbina (Mrs R. G. ALDERMAN)

Violinist, orchestra leader, teacher of music

Born 1858
Died Adelaide, SA, 14 May 1938


Violinist, conductor

Born Adelaide, SA, 8 November 1884
Active SA, by 1891
Died Adelaide, SA, 13 June 1916



"BIRTHS", South Australian Register (15 November 1884), 4

"STRING QUARTET CLUB'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (9 October 1885), 6

The fifth concert of the Adelaide String Quartet Club's sixth season was given in the Y.M.C.A. Hall on Thursday afternoon in the presence of a fair audience, including His Excellency the Governor. The committee are to be complimented upon their good fortune or good management, as the case may be, in that there was heard little or none of that objectionable noise which has at previous concerts proceeded from the adjacent buildings. The concert was thus rendered much more enjoyable. The opening selection was a Mozart quartet for two violins, viola, and violoncello, played by Mr. G. Hall, Mrs. Alderman, and Herren Grenfeld and Reimers.

"General News", Southern Argus (24 December 1891), 3

A CONCERT PARTY. It is announced that a party of highly accomplished musical artists will visit the Southern towns daring the Christmas season. Those mentioned are Mrs. Alderman, who has on several occasions appeared as leader of the Adelaide Philharmonic Society, Miss De Gay, who has travelled as a soprano and pianist through the colonies with professional companies, Master Eugene Alderman, a wonderful young violinist, Mr. L. A. Bristow, a tenor who has taken leading parts in the city musical societies, and Mr. H. B. Holder, whose reputation as a cultivated basso is sufficient guarantee of his skill. The first concert will be given in the Strathalbyn Institute Hall on Saturday, December 26, the second at Port Victor on Monday, December 28, and the third at Stirling West on the following evening.

"DEATH OF MR. EUGENE ALDERMAN", Chronicle (17 June 1916), 16

"UNSELFISH CHARACTER", News (17 February 1930), 10

"FUNERAL NOTICES", The Advertiser (16 May 1938), 12:


ALDIS, William Henry

Salaried vocalist (St. James's Church, Sydney), amateur vocalist, convict, compositor, tobacconist

Born Middlesex, England, c.1804/05
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 August 1827 (convict per Manlius (1), from London, 11 April)
Married Mary Ann LENNOX (1815-1896), St. Philip's, Sydney, NSW, 1834
Died Sydney, 21 January 1872, aged 67 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Shortly after arriving in NSW as a transported convict, Aldis was singing in the choir of St. James's Church, Sydney, on a small retainer. By May 1828 he was collector or monies for The Sydney Gazette, later for The Sydney Herald, and afterward town collector. "Mr. Aldis" appeared a glee singer with Maria Taylor and Conrad Knowles in George Gordonovitch's concert in January 1835, and took over Gordonovitch's tobacco business in 1837. He was one of the principal vocalists in Deane's concert in May 1836, and in Wallace's oratorio at St. Mary's in September. He sold tickets for Deane's concert in 1842, though later was in business for while in Brisbane.

Aldis was a friend of Ludwig Leichhardt, and, by Leichhardt's own account, the first to recognise the explorer on his unexpected return to Sydney in 1846. Aldis was honorary treasurer of the Sydney Philharmonic Society in 1860 and the Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society in 1861. He was declared insolvent in 1867, and died in 1872 "an old and much respected colonist". His daughter Hannah Aldis (Mrs. W. H. Palmer) and granddaughter (Miss Gertrude Palmer) were both professional musicians.


Old Bailey Proceedings Online, 12 January 1826, trial of WILLIAM ALDIS, t18260112-11 

192. WILLIAM ALDIS was indicted for stealing, on the 4th of January, 1 ream of writing paper, called demy, value 18s., the goods of Christopher Magnay and others, his partners. JOHN ELL: I am in the employ of Messrs. Christopher Magnay and Sons, of College-hill, Thames-street. I saw the prisoner come out of the warehouse with this ream of paper - he was a stranger - I said I thought he was not right; he said he was perfectly right - that he came from Mr. Hartnell, of Wine-office-court; EVAN WILLIAMS: On the 4th of January I was on Garlick-hill, I heard the cry of Stop thief! and saw the prisoner running without his hat; I stopped him - the paper laid in Maiden-lane; WILLIAM JOYCE: I took charge of him. GUILTY. Aged 22. Transported for Seven Years.

Colonial Secretary LC, Cash vouchers 1829, State Archives NSW, 4/296 (transcr. Rushworth 1988, 363)

[St. James's Church], Chaplain Hill, £250 [per annum]; Clerk, 20; Collector of Pew Rents, 5; Sexton, 20; Beadles (2), 15 each; Pew openers (2), 10 each; Teacher of the Choir and Organist, Mr. Pearson, £26; ditto, for tuning the organ, 8; Singers, Harriet Edmonds, 10; Ann Lancaster, 5; E. Hoare, J. Parton, G. Shepherd, Wm. Aldis, R. Cooper, S. Pawsey, 5 each; Organ blower, Geo. Mills, 4 6s 8d; Watchman, 13; Grave Digger, 13.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 May 1828), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (16 July 1832), 4 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 July 1832), 1 

"MR. GORDONOVITCH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1835), 2

"CONCERT", The Australian (23 January 1835), 2

[Editorial], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 July 1835), 2 

. . . From them the conduct of the Herald has descended from dire necessity, to two emancipated convicts, William Henry Aldis and Henry Murray, who have been the open advocates of an intolerant and tantalising exclusion against the party to which they belong - and this elevation and association of object has in the scale of society, induced these fellows to assume a position unauthorised, and, in our opinion, dangerous. The establishment of the Herald was a speculation in which the worthies now at its head were the mere instruments used in its accomplishment. Both were employed as clerks in the Gazette Office, and Mr. Ward Stephens in a very subordinate situation. While here he was particularly accommodating to the poor convict servants of the house whose necessities he frequently relieved, during the week with a few shillings, on condition that on Saturday evening, the principal and interest were to be repaid . . . Here therefore is the young gentleman - the leading pink of pride in talent and propriety, who lends his weapons - the columns of the Sydney Herald - to the more adept management of his old companions, Aldis and Murray - and who is Aldis? This fashionable was under Stephens, a convict in the Gazette Office, and held one of the most menial situations for a considerable time in the service. He is now, reputed part editor of that delectable and pure sheet, with Mr. Murray . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (12 May 1836), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 March 1837), 3

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (10 September 1842), 3

"ORGAN BUILDING", The Australian (18 October 1845), 3 

We were much gratified yesterday by an inspection of a beautiful chamber finger-organ which has just been completed by Mr. W. J. Johnson for Mr. Aldis, the tobacco merchant. Its compass is from CC to F in alt, and it has four stops, viz., diapason treble, diapason bass, principal, and dulciana, and is furnished with Venetian swell. The case is made of cedar, with handsomely ornamented gilt, pipe front - altogether forming an elegant construction, highly creditable to the builder. We understand this is the third instrument built by Mr. Johnson in the colony: the first was for the temporary Cathedral Church, George-street; the second for St. Matthew's, Windsor; and two more of larger dimensions are in progress, viz., one for the Independent Chapel, Pitt-street, and one for the Church Society ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1861), 1

"LEICHHARDT'S LAST HOME CORRESPONDENCE", The Argus (13 September 1865), 5

An intelligent, much-liked tobacco merchant, named Aldis, had assisted me when I started before most friendly and strongly, and he was the first whom I met when I landed. When he had recollected me (and this took a pretty long time) he gave vent to his feelings in such a glorifying welcome that I did not know what to think of it. And when he accompanied me to Lynd's house, and called out to everybody in the street. "There is Leichardt, whom we buried long ago, about whom we sang songs of death; he comes from Port Essington, and has conquered the wilderness."

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 January 1872), 1

On the 21st instant, at his residence, No. 1 William-terrace, Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo, WILLIAM HENRY ALDIS, aged 67 years, an old and much respected colonist.

"IN MEMORIAM", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1888), 1 

ALDIS - In affectionate memory of my father, the late W. H. Aldis, who (in his days of prosperity) contributed liberally to the progress of our public charities, and also to the advancement of the fine arts. Died January, 1872.

Bibliography and resources:

"William Henry Aldis", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)


Father of Hannah Aldis (Mrs. W. H. Palmer), grandfather of Gertrude Palmer


ALDIS, Hannah Hay (Mrs. W. H. PALMER)

Pianist (pupil of Boulanger)

Born Sydney, NSW, 11 December 1838; baptised St. Philip's, Sydney, 17 January 1839
Died Sydney, NSW, 25 November 1912, aged 73 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Two published prints were dedicated to her, Miska Hauser's impromptu Australian flowers in December 1856, and the Rosalind schottische, "dedicated to Miss Aldis by the composer Douglas Callen" in 1859.


"REVIEW", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1856), 5

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 April 1857), 4

"MARRIAGES", Empire (24 November 1863), 1

"MRS. W. H. PALMER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1869), 4

"Mrs. Palmer's concert", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1884), 10

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1884), 8

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1912), 8

"PERSONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1912), 18

The death took place on Monday at her residence, Ocean street, Woollahra, of Mrs. Hannah Hay Palmer, at the age of 73 years. Mrs. Palmer was a native of Sydney. Her father was Mr. W. H. Aldis, a merchant of this city in the early days. Old colonists will recollect Mrs. Palmer as a lady of high musical talent. There is a link connecting her with Chopin. She was a pupil of Boulanger, and he, in turn, was a pupil of the great composer. Miss Aldis was a brilliant pianist, and when a girl of 14 she gained distinction by her playing at the opening of the Sydney University. For many years Miss Aldis (afterwards Mrs. Palmer) took part in the leading concerts of Sydney, and was a prominent figure in the musical world ... Her daughter is Miss Gertrude Palmer, who is a well-known solo pianist and accompanist . . .


Daughter of W. H. Aldis

Pupil of Edward Boulanger

Wife of William Henry Palmer

Mother of Gertrude Palmer

ALDIS, Edwin Charles

Journalist, musical amateur

Born Sydney, NSW, 17 September 1835; baptised St. Philip's, Sydney
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 December 1879 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1862), 2 

TO EDWIN C. ALDIS, Esq., &c., &c., &c.

Dear Sir, - On the eve of your departure from this district we wish to convey to you the general regret your resignation has occasioned. It, however, affords us the pleasing opportunity of briefly expressing the compliment we are called upon to pay you. Since your residence amongst us we have, on all occasions, in our intercourse with you received the most courteous attention; and your general affability and obliging deportment have secured you the respect and esteem of all parties.

But such of us who are members of the Church of England cannot pass over in silence your successful efforts in obtaining an "Harmonium" in our church, and it is mainly due to your praiseworthy and laudable exertions which have thus promoted and established a "Choir," which has rendered our Church Service so beautifully complete.

We must also convey to you our sincere thanks for your considerate attention to our convenience in affording us regularly the daily Sydney time. But last, though not least, jour vnluablo contributions to the Sydney press deserve public recognition, as on all occasions we have observed your articles have not only borne the testimony of facts, but have had for their object the welfare of the district.

In bidding you "Farewell," permit us to express our best wishes for your future happiness and success, and a rapid realisation of those honourable aspiratisns which are so vividly conspicuous in your many excellent qualities, which have so warmly endeared you to all during your residence amongst us.

(Signed) DAVID DUNLOP, J. P.; WILLIAM JOHN COBCROFT, J. P.; HUGH C. CLAUGHTON, Clerk; JOHN MAHER, C.C. (Here follow 50 signatures)

To David Dunlop, Esq., J.P., William J. Cobcroft, Esq., J.P., Rev. Hugh C. Claughton, and Rev. John Maher, and the ether gentlemen signing the above address.

Gentlemen, - No one can value more highly than I do the unexpected and flattering address you have been pleased to make me. I am aware from this how fully you sympathise with my wishes, but at this moment I am at a loss for words sufficiently to express the gratification it will ever afford me to conceive myseld worthy of your esteem . . . I remain, gentlemen, Your obedient humble servant, EDWIN C. ALDIS.


Professor of music, pianist, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1861
Died Launceston, TAS, 20 April 1876, aged 36


[Advertisement], The Argus (15 April 1861), 8

"DEL SARTE'S ROOMS", The Mercury (5 December 1868), 3

"VICTORIAN SCHOTTISCHE", Launceston Examiner (23 May 1871), 2

"MISS SHERWIN'S CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (5 October 1872), 5

"MISS SHERWIN'S CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Cornwall Chronicle (7 October 1872), 2

"MR. ALBERT ALEXANDER'S CONCERT", Cornwall Chronicle (25 June 1873), 3

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (22 April 1876), 2

"THE SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. ALBERT ALEXANDER", Cornwall Chronicle (21 April 1876), 2

... Mr. Alexander was a native of Norwich, England, and he resided for some time at Melbourne, for a few years at Hobart Town, and in Launceston for the last five or six years. We are informed that Mr. Alexander had his life insured in one of the life offices. It is to be hoped, for the sake of his widow and family, that he had.

"THE LATE MR. ALBERT ALEXANDER", Launceston Examiner (22 April 1876), 5 

ALEXANDER, Jemmy (European name)

Indigenous singer and dancer

Active Moreton Bay, NSW (QLD), 1850s
Died (drowned, or disappeared from record), 1863 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"POLICE CASES", The Moreton Bay Courier (22 October 1853), 3 

On Wednesday "Jemmy Alexander" a well known Moreton Bay black, whose visit to England was some time back noticed in this journal, was charged at the Police Office, with having been found on the premises of Mr. H. B. Watson, at Kangaroo Point, for an unlawful purpose. Mr. Watson deposed that Jemmy had been dancing and singing there for the amusement of himself and friends, and that he went away at about 9 at night.; but at three in the morning Mr. Watson found him in the house, and attempted to seize him. He made his escape, and was subsequently apprehended by Constable Watts, in Capt. Geary's kitchen. The constable deposed that prisoner was then sober. A written statement in favour of Jemmy, was handed in by some white friend of Jemmy's and read by Mr. Duncan, who, with Capt. Barney, presided. The statement was to the effect that Mr. Watson, Mr. Alcock, and others, had made Tommy drunk, and had forced him to drink, and that it was very cruel to force "a poor black fellow" to drink against his will, and then put him in the watch-house because he missed his way ... Mr. Duncan closely questioned Mr. Watson as to supplying the prisoner with drink. Witness denied having done so himself, but said that he believed Mr. Alcock had given a glass of gin, and Mr. Garling a glass of rum. Mr. Duncan directed informations to be filed against those parties, and sentenced Jemmy to forty-eight hours in gaol; commenting at the same time upon the impropriety of Mr. Watson making the prisoner drunk ...

ALFORD, Madame

Professor of Music, pianoforte

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854


A pupil of Henri Herz, she advertised only briefly in Melbourne; otherwise unidentified.


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 June 1854), 8

ALFRED (prince Alfred; H.R.H. duke of Edinburgh)

Musician, violinist, pianist, composer

Born Windsor, England, 6 August 1844
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 31 October 1867 (per Galatea)
Departed 26 June 1868
Private second visit 28 January 1869 to early 1871
Died Germany, 30 July 1900 (NLA persistent identifier)


"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 November 1867), 4

The visit of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh has set the musicians of this and the neighbouring colonies at work composing to his honour, and the result has been the production of some good music, the most striking being the "Galatea Waltz," by Mr. Charles Edward Horsley. The first in the field was Mr. C. W. Rayner, with an "Ode" to the Prince, well harmonised and very pleasing. Mr. Jackson has written a decidedly smart, and, in point of construction, original galop, entitled, "The Brave Boys." A lady amateur presents the public with the "Duke of Edinburgh Schottische," striking if not original, the theme, apparently, taken from the song "Oh, my courage," in the opera of "Maritana." Mr. Alfred Anderson contributes a set of quadrilles styled "The Royal Visit" - which are pronounced to be excellent; the title page contains a highly   finished photograph of Prince Alfred, from Adelaide (through Messrs. Elvy and Co.). We have received two pieces composed in that city - one a polka brilliante "the Galatea," by Mr. F. Ellard, and the other, the Prince Alfred Waltz, by Mr. George Loader [Loder] - both possessing merit, but certainly not, as the Adelaide papers have it, superior to any other composition. In addition to those above enumerated, Mr. John Hill, whose name is well-known in musical circles in London, has two galops the "Galatea" and "Prince Alfred" in the press, and Mr. Henry Marsh and Mr. Gassner (bandmaster of the 50th Regiment) are also busily engaged in paying a musical tribute to his Royal Highness. To enter into a detailed criticism of each composition is scarcely necessary; all possess more or less merit, and show that we have in Australia a constructive as well as an auricular taste for music.

J. G. Knight, Narrative of the visit of his royal highness the duke of Edinburgh to the colony of Victoria, Australia (Melbourne: Mason, Firth, 1868)

(193-94) ... The Melbourne Philharmonic Society (the oldest musical association in Victoria) employed its well-organised strength in giving a high-class concert, at which his Royal Highness and suite, his Excellency the Governor and family, and all the leading members of the community were present. Mendelssohn's "Athalie" was the principal work on the programme, and this was rendered in the most effective manner by a band and chorus of four hundred and fifty performers. The great hall of the Exhibition Building was crowded, and his Royal Highness, who is himself an accomplished musician, expressed his gratification at finding classical music so highly appreciated in Victoria.

"AN ANECDOTE OF PRINCE ALFRED", The Ballarat Star (16 October 1868), 3

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (24 April 1869), 10

(from Times, London): A very agreeable method of relieving the voyage of its tediums have been adopted on board the ship by the establishment of several musical parties. One, got-up by the sergeant of the band, is under, the direction of Lord Charles Beresford; another has been formed among the officers. Then, in the forecastle, there is a nigger party, who gave their first entertainment on Christmas Eve, and made a very creditable debut. And lastly, there are the boys and the schoolmaster, whose efforts are more directly encouraged by His Royal Highness, who accompanies them upon his harmonium in their rehearsal of the chaunts and tunes to be sung on the following Sunday. There was a time when indulgences of this kind were regarded as being utterly incompatible with the discipline indispensable to the efficiency of a man-of-war, but the race of zealous old gentlemen who entertained those gloomy apprehensions is fast dying away, and the admirable discipline on board Her Majesty's ship Galatea will add an additional incentive to the extinction of the race.  

"THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH'S VISIT TO NEW ZEALAND", Bendigo Advertiser (24 June 1869), 3

... At a concert given by the Auckland Choral Society, the Prince, we are told, "kindly assisted, playing first violin, with Colonel Balneavin and others." The Prince, it is added, "subsequently took part in Mozart's symphony, and in other full orchestral pieces, in all of which he acquitted himself most admirably.

Bibliography and resources:

H. J. Gibbney, "Edinburgh, Duke of (1844-1900)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

Musical works published in Australia:

Waltz (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Son, [1868]) 

Waltz, The return of Galatea (composed by H. R. H. The Duke of Edinburgh) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Co., [1868]) 

The return of the Galatea (a new waltz; second edition) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Co., [1868]) 



Professor of Music (Singing and Pianoforte), school teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


One or perhaps two Miss Allan(s) active in Balmain in 1854. Later in the decade two Miss Allans ran a school in Woolloomooloo.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1859), 10 

MISS ALLAN, late of the Royal Academy, London, has a Vacancy for Two Pupils for the Pianoforte.

ALLAN, George Leavis

Singing master, musicseller, music publisher

Born London, 3 September 1826
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1852
Died East St. Kilda, Melbourne, 1 April 1897, in his 71st year (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ALLAN, George Clark

Musicseller, music publisher (Allan & Co.)

Born Melbourne, VIC, 3 May 1860
Died Portsea, VIC, 29 October 1934 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

For the firm, see: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



[Advertisement], The Banner (17 January 1854), 2

"THE ART OF SINGING", The Argus (8 July 1854), 5

"SINGING CLASSES AT PRAHRAN", The Argus (11 October 1854), 5


[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1857), 8

"MARRIED", The Age (26 January 1859), 4 

On the 25th January, at Chalmers' Church, Melbourne, by the Rev. Adam Cairns, D.D., Mr. George Leavis Allan, senior teacher of vocal music under the denominational board of education (formerly of H. M. Ordnance office, London), younger son of the late Mr. John Allan, of H. M. Audit office, London, to Agnes, second daughter of Mr. John Clark, of 137 Elizabeth street, Melbourne.

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 April 1897), 1

[Obituary], The Argus (2 April 1897), 4

Members of the musical profession and old colonists will learn with regret of the death of Mr. George Leavis Allan, of Allan's music warehouse, Collins-street, which took place yesterday at his residence, Landsdowne-street, East St. Kilda. Just before Christmas Mr. Allan had a paralysis seizure, and a general break-up of the system followed, the immediate cause of death being failure of the heart's action. The late Mr. Allan, who was a colonist of 44 years and aged 71, was formerly a member of the Impend civil service, but came to search for gold, and spent some time on the diggings. On coming to Melbourne he was appointed a singing master under the Government, and later held the chief position as inspector and master. During that time he held his classes in St. Paul's schoolroom, and amongst his pupils were many who won distinction as artists. Mr. Allan also conducted with much success the great annual musical gatherings in the old Exhibition building. Later on he entered into partnership with the late Mr. Joseph Wilkie and Mr. Webster, and on the death of these gentlemen became the sole proprietor in the business. The depression of late years brought disasters to him, as to other Melbourne men, but throughout his business integrity was never in doubt, and he lost nothing of the esteem gained in long years of active and honourable work. He was naturally intimately acquainted with all the leading musical artists who for years past have visited Australia, and took a leading part in every movement for the advancement of music in Melbourne. The late Mr. Allan leaves a widow and family of six sons and two daughters, all grown up. The interment will take place this afternoon.

Bibliography and resources:

Kenneth Hince, "Allan, George Leavis (1826-1897)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

"Allan, George Clark (1860-1934)", Guide to Australian Business Records


Engraver, printer

Born Scotland, 1826/27 (son of Alexander and Janet ALLAN)
Active Sydney, NSW, by July 1845 (as John Allan; 1855-67 as Allan and Wigley)
Died Sydney, NSW, 22 October 1883, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sentinel (9 July 1845), 1 

SEAL AND COPPERPLATE ENGRAVING. THE undersigned respectfully apprises his friends and the public generally, that he has commenced in the above line, in York-street, near the Barrack Gate there he intends carrying on the Engraving, Copper plate, and Lithographic Printing in all its various branches; and hopes by strict attention to business, to receive a share of public patronage. JOHN ALLAN.

[Advertisement], The Sentinel (24 September 1845), 1 

NOTICE OF REMOVAL. JOHN ALLAN, Stone, Seal, and Copper-plate Engraver, &c , begs to inform his friends and the public generally, that he has removed from York-street, to A. Torning's Decorating Establishment, No. 6, BRIDGE-STREET, Where hp intends carrying on the Engraving and Lithographic Printing in all its various branches, and hopes, by strict attention to business and liberal charges, to receive a share of public patronage. N. B. - Maps mounted. and varnished. Sydney, September 9th.

ASSOCIATIONS: Andrew Torning

"DEATHS", Empire (18 August 1863), 1 

ALLAN - On the 20th June, at his residence, Bonnygate, Cupar, Fifeshire, Scotland, Alexander Allan, father of Mr. John Allan, engraver, George-street, Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1868), 1 

NOTICE.- The PARTNERSHIP, heretofore subsisting between the undernamed, as Engravers, Lithographers and Printers, has been this day dissolved by mutual consent. JOHN ALLAN, WILLIAM H. WlGLEY Witness - GEO. C. T. ICETON, Solicitor, Sydney. 4th December, 1867. Referring to the above advertisement, I beg to state that the business will in future be carried on under the style and firm of W. H. WIGLEY and CO. All parties indebted to the late firm are respectfully requested to pay their accounts, and all accounts against the late firm of Allan and Wigley are requested to be sent in. W. H. WIGLEY. 297, George-street.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1883), 1 

ALLAN. - October 22, at Dualla House, Upper Fort-street, John Allan, Esq., of Jamison-street, late of San Francisco, aged 57 years.

"ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION", New South Wales Government Gazette (16 November 1883), 6250 

In the intestate estate of John Allan, late of 84, Upper Fort street, Sydney, seal engraver, deceased . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 128-30 (DIGITISED)

ALLAN, William

Choirmaster (St. Mark's Church, Collingwood/Fitzroy)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


[Advertisement], The Argus (31 May 1856), 1



Active Sydney, NSW, 1836


"Mr. Allen", an amateur, sang Braham's dramatic scena The death of Nelson (see a later edition) at John Philip Deane's concert in May 1836, when his "strong Scotch idiom" was remarked upon.

He may be connected with the Allen who was a scene painter in July that year, as also previously his son, for Barnett Levey's theatres.


"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (19 May 1836), 3

"THEATRICALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 July 1836), 3

Bibliography and resources:

? "H. Allen", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)




Active Adelaide, SA, by 1850

Uncertain whether related to the above or below:



Active Adelaide, SA, by 1855

Uncertain whether related to the above:

ALLEN, Mary Anne (daughter of James ALLEN)

Juvenile vocalist

Active SA, 1859


[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

"ORGANIST AT PIRIE-STREET CHAPEL", South Australian Register (5 November 1855), 3 

Tenders for the appointment of organist at the Pirie-street Chapel, have, we understand, been sant in by Messrs. Linger, Allen, and Dawes. The choice is at present in abeyance. The new organ, recently imported from England, is in course of erection by Mr. Shakespeare.

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (23 May 1856), 3 

. . . Beethoven's overture to "Men of Prometheus" was decidedly well performed, as was also the trio by Hummel for the violin, violoncello, and piano, performed by Mr. Chapman, Mr. Allen, and Herr Linger. We must confess, however, that this latter composition appeared rather too heavy for the concert-room . . .

"MUSICAL NOTES. By John Dempster", The Mail (18 February 1939), 15 

MRS. J. L. Davey, the contralto who in 1935 distinguished herself at Ballarat Eisteddfod by winning the Australian song prize and sacred solo, is a link with that period when the foundations of our musical culture were laid by Carl Linger; for Mrs. Davey's mother as Mary Ann Allen (later Mrs. John Limb) sang the "Song of Australia," with others, at its first performance at Gawler on December 12, 1859 . . .

ALLEN, D. (? David; Mr. D. ALLEN)


Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1845


According to the Colonial Times, a tenor singer Mr. D. Allen was one of five "young men of the Hebrew religion" who formed the choir for the opening ceremonies of Hobart Synagogue on 4 July 1845. Some of the music sung at the service survives in keyboard arrangements published as Joseph Reichenberg's Ancient Hebrew melodies (Hobart: Thomas Browne, [1847]).


[News], Colonial Times (8 July 1845), 2

"THE SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (11 July 1845), 3

ALLEN, Edward (1) (Mr. ALLEN)

Tenor vocalist, amateur

Active Sydney, NSW, ? by 1841 (or earlier)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1843
Died Hobart Town, TAS, 27 August 1875, in his 74th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ALLEN, Edward (2) (Master Edward ALLEN; Master ALLEN)

Boy soprano

? Born NSW, 10 December 1830 (baptised St. Andrew's, Sydney, 2 October 1842 [sic]; son of Edward Allen and Mary Ann Allen)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1841-42
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), from 1844


A Mr. Allen sang, with Worgan and Griffiths, in Isaac Nathah's new glee, Drink, and a fig for all sorrows, in October 1841; was also a soloist in the first Sydney performance of Handel's Messiah for Johnson and Leggatt in August 1842; and is last documented appearing in Sydney for John Philip Deane in September 1842.

Both a "Mr. Allen" and "Master Edward Allen" sang in Nathan's oratorio in July 1841.

A Mr. and Master Allen arrived in Hobart from Sydney in December 1843, perhaps the Allens, father and son, previously active in Sydney. Reporting on Master Allen's singing of "O thou that tellest" from Messiah for the Hobart Town Choral Society in January 1845, The Courier feared he

. . .will probably soon be lost to the musical world in the parts he now takes, accomplished very neatly, though wanting in mellowness of tone and evidently deficient in the delicate refinements of the art.

Nevertheless, a year later, the Colonial Times could not:

. . . pass over the singing of Master Allen, who is almost a colonial 'phenomenon'. His style is good, chaste, and tasteful, and his intonation distinct and perfect. He reminds us a good deal of Master Longhurst, so much admired many years ago at Covent Garden and the London concerts.

Allen was a vocal performer for the Gautrots' concert in November 1844. For them again in December 1845 he sang Barker's The white squall and Isaac Nathan's Byron setting Tambourgi. A Mr. Allen appeared in Charles Packer's May Day concert in 1848, and sang Haydn's In native worth for the Hobart Choral Society in November 1848.


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 September 1842), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Colonial Times (19 December 1843), 3

"HOBART TOWN CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (22 October 1844), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 November 1844), 1

"CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (23 January 1845), 2

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (18 October 1845), 2

"MONSIEUR AND MADAME GAUTROT", The Courier (20 December 1845), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Colonial Times (23 January 1846), 3

"ST DAVID'S CHURCH, HOBART TOWN", The Courier (4 February 1846), 2

"THE ORATORIO", The Courier (23 May 1846), 3

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (5 December 1846), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (25 April 1848), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (2 August 1848), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Colonial Times (17 November 1848), 2

"ONE MORE GONE", The Mercury (2 September 1875), 2 

We learn with much regret of the death of Mr. Edward Allen, sen., son of Mr. Ë. Allen, of the late firm of Fryer and Allen, in this city. Deceased was an old colonist, deservedly and universally respected in the circle of those who had many opportunities of knowing his worth - old members of the Choral Society, Glee Club, and St. David's Cathedral Choir - will read this announcement with sincere sorrow, Mr. Allen being enthusiastically devoted to the musical art, always willingly contributing the aid of his pleasing tenor voice, in choral gatherings, and more especially at the meetings of the associations alluded to.

ALLEN, Edward (3)

Music lithographer, surveyor (? amateur choral singer), ? former convict

? Arrived TAS (convict per Layton)
Active Launceston, TAS, 1859
Died Latrobe, TAS, 19 November 1877, aged 56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (13 June 1857), 1

MR. ALLEN having established a Lithographic press in connection with his Land Mart, is now prepared to print maps, plans, drawings, circulars, &., &c. Charles-street, Feb. 14.

"MUSIC FOR THE MILLION", Launceston Examiner (9 April 1859), 2

"To the Editor . . . MUSIC FOR THE MILLION", The Cornwall Chronicle (21 May 1859), 5

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 May 1859), 5

We stated in our last that we had received from Mr. Adams a piece of music composed for his class. The music itself is excellent, and well adapted for the purpose: - that is to give the time. We shall not comment upon the verses more than to observe that it is wonderful how Mr. Adams could find music for them so harsh and discordant as they are. The music is beautifully lithographed we believe by Mr. Allen, of Charles-Street, and may be had for 6d. each piece.

ALLEN, Francesca (Madame Francesca ALLEN; Madame ALLAN)

Soprano vocalist (pupil of Signor Crevelli and Signor Pinna, from the London concerts)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by mid December 1850
Active Adelaide, SA, Melbourne, VIC, Sydney and Maitland, NSW, until June 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A pupil of Crevelli and Pinna, "from the London concerts", Madame Allen advertised her first Sydney concert on 14 December 1850. A selection of songs from her concerts are among the only items of sheet music known to have been issued by John Gibbs during his shortlived publishing venture (with George and Elizabeth Hudson) as J. Gibbs and Co..

She was in Adelaide by March 1851, and, after having sung in Mrs. Jupp's concert in April 1851, was incorrectly identified in a review as "Madame Caradori Allen", the great veteran London soprano. She may have been connected in some way with Maria Caradori-Allan (1800-1865), however, since in 1853 Francesca sang in several concerts with Harriet Fiddes, who, as Miss Cawse, had regularly appeared with Madame Caradori Allan in London.

In Adelaide her repertoire including a cavatina by Bellini and Jenny Lind's "favorite song" My father land. And by February 1852, when she sailed for Melbourne, the Register was calling her "The Australian Nightingale" (the earliest known use of the term).

She sang in concerts in Melbourne from May 1852, and sang with Fiddes and Flora Harris at Henry Marsh's concert in Sydney in May 1853. Fiddes and Allen then toured the Maitland district in May and June, after which she disappears from Australian record. She next appears in British press advertisements in 1859.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1850), 1

"MADAME FRANCESCA ALLEN'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 December 1850), 2

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (21 December 1850), 3

"MADAME ALLEN'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1850), 2

"MADAME ALLEN'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (7 March 1851), 3

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE GERMAN AND BRITISH HOSPITAL", South Australian Register (19 September 1851), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (14 October 1851), 1

"MRS. JUPP'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 April 1851), 2

"KOORINGA CONCERTS", South Australian Register (30 April 1851), 3

Mr. Bambrick's second concert took place on Saturday, the 26th instant, when Madame Allen again appeared. Her reception on this occasion was most triumphant; one universal feeling of inexpressible rapture prevailed; every song was loudly encored, and the lady resumed her seat amidst great applause ... This little Jenny Lind of the Burra seems to have quite infatuated the elite of the North.

"THE AUSTRALIAN NIGHTINGALE", South Australian Register (2 February 1852), 3

"IS IT AN ERROR", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 March 1852), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (13 March 1852), 5

"THE SATURDAY CONCERT", The Argus (1 May 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 September 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 May 1853), 1

"MRS. FIDDES' CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (28 May 1853), 2

[Advertisement], Dumfries and Galloway Standard [Scotland] (26 October 1859), 1


[Advertisement], Glasgow Free Press (7 January 1860), 3

ROYAL PANTHEON, 150 TRONGATE ... CONCERTS, MONDAY, 19TH DEC., AND DURING THE WEEK: MISS LIZZIE MAGEE, The well-known Soprano from the City Hall Concerts; MISS FLORENCE BALFE, The Favourite Vocalist; MADAME FRANCESCA ALLEN, Operatic Vocalist; ... SIG. OTTO MONTRICE, The Great Tenor ...

ALLEN, George Benjamin

Professor of Music, composer

Born London, 21 April 1822; baptised St. Martin-in-the-Fields, 8 August 1822 (son of Benjamin and Mary ALLEN)
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, June 1870 (per Suffolk, from England)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, 28 February 1874 (per Omeo, for New Zealand)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, March-April 1875 (en route to Adelaide)
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, 10 August 1875 (per Pera, for Point de Galle and tour of India)
Arrived (3) Melbourne, VIC, 7 May 1887 (from England)
Died Brisbane, QLD, 30 November 1897 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ALLEN, Alice ("Miss Alice MAY"; Louise ALLEN; "Mrs. G. B. ALLEN")

Vocalist, soprano (later also contralto)

Born Yorkshire, England, 1847
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, June 1870 (per Suffolk, from England)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, 28 February 1874 (per Omeo, for New Zealand)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, March-April 1875 (en route to Adelaide)
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, 10 August 1875 (per Pera, for Point de Galle and tour of India)
Separated from George ALLEN, 1883
Married Louis W. RAYMOND, USA, 1884
Died St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 16 August 1887, aged 40

ALLEN, Mrs. G. B.


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 March 1870), 8

[News], The Argus (8 June 1870), 5

"POPULAR CONCERT AT THE PRINCESS'S", The Argus (20 June 1870), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1870), 3

[News], The Argus (1 August 1870), 4

"MR. ALLEN'S BALLAD CONCERT", The Argus (29 September 1870), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1872), 10

Mr. G. B. ALLEN, Mus. Bac. Oxon., composer of the Comic Opera "Castle Grim," played with great success 40 consecutive nights in London, "Goat Bells," "Little bird so sweetly singing," Madlle. Liebhart's great song - "Who can tell," and many other songs sung by Parepa Rudersdorff, Sherrington, Sainton Dolby, Louisa Pyne, at the leading concerts in London and the United States. 

"THE OPERA-HOUSE. CASTLE GRIM", The Argus (12 June 1875), 7

"Castle Grim "is called a comic opera by the composer - Mr. G. B. Allen -and there is no reason throughout the whole of the work to doubt the serious earnestness of his intention to make it so ... The music has an air of old fashioned respectability about it. The concerted pieces in their style bring to mind Shield and Attwood, Calcott and Spofforth - they are very English, and very nice to listen to. All the solos are tuneful, and some of them of a superior kind, especially that sung by Ravenswood on receipt of the letter announcing the coming of his ward and cousin Flora. This air is the principal theme in the overture. It is graceful, and finely harmonised in the orchestral accompaniment, and displays Mr. Allen's talent for composition in a very fair light ...

"COMMUNICATED", The Australasian (14 May 1887), 27 

Mr. G. B. Allen, Mus. Bac. Oxon, who was in these colonies a good many years ago, and who has since been pursuing a highly successful musical career in England, both as composer and teacher, arrived in Melbourne on Saturday last. It is understood that Mr. Allen is a candidate for the appointment of the new professorship of music in the University of Melbourne.

"A QUEENSLAND OPERA. FAYETTE; OR, BUSH REVELS", The Brisbane Courier (1 February 1892), 6

"FAYETTE: A QUEENSLAND OPERA. MR. G. B. ALLEN'S BENEFIT CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (24 March 1892), 5

"DEATH OF MR. G. B. ALLEN", The Brisbane Courier (1 December 1897), 7

Mr. G. B. Allen, Mus. Bac, passed away at his residence, West End, South Brisbane, early yesterday morning. Mr. Allen, who was a distinguished musician, was aged 75 years ... As a boy of 8 years he sang in the choir of St. Martin's Church, London, and at 10 he entered the Westminster Abbey as chorister, taking precedence to many older boys. At 12 he had the honour of taking Clara Novello's place at a grand concert in Her Majesty's Theatre, and there sang through a new mass at sight. On the subsequent change of voice he deputised at St. Paul's Cathedral until appointed at Armagh Cathedral. During his stay in Ireland he created and conducted a large choral society in Belfast, producing the great oratorios for the first time in the Ulster Hall, which was built expressly for his society. He afterwards returned to London, and occupied himself with original composition. In conjunction with R. Reeve he composed the music of a comic opera - not a burlesque - entitled "Castle Grim", which was very successful. Mr. Allen was a fertile composer of all descriptions of music, operas, anthems, songs, &c. His opera "Wicklow Rose" was first produced by Madame Soldene in Manchester, while some of his anthems are very often sung in Westminster Abbey. Since his arrival in Brisbane he composed an opera, "Fayette", to Mr. Brunton Stephens's libretto, on entirely Australian subjects, which has as yet only been heard as an "opera di camera". The music is charming and highly descriptive ... The deceased gentleman, who came to Queensland about nine years ago, leaves a widow and young family.

"Mrs. G. B. Allen's Concert", The Telegraph (14 September 1898), 4 

Selected musical works:

Castle Grim (comic opera; London, 1865; first Australian performance, Melbourne, 1875)

A wild night (poetry: Henry Kendall; music composed expressly for and sung by Mrs. Cutter by G. B. Allen) (Melbourne: Lee & Kaye, [1870]) 

O paradise (hymn, arranged and partly composed by George B. Allen) (Melbourne: Wilkie, Webster, &​ Allan., [1871]) 

Fayette, or, Bush revels (an original Australian comic opera, in three acts written by J. Brunton Stephens; composed by G. B. Allen) (Brisbane: Watson, Ferguson &​ Co., 1892) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Allen, George Benjamin. 1822-1897". in The American history and encyclopedia of music: musical biographies (London: 1918), 11

Clay Djubal, "G. B. Allen", Australian Variety Theatre Archive ( 

Clay Djubal, "G. B. Allen", AustLit


"Alice May", Wikipedia 


Drum major (96th Regiment), fifer, band leader, composer/arranger

Active with regiment NSW, 1841-43; Tasmania, 1843-49
Died Cressy, TAS, 28 April 1858, aged 49

See also: Band of the 96th Regiment


"SUBSCRITION BALLS", Launceston Examiner (4 May 1850), 5

The quadrille band under the management of Mr. Allan, formerly drum-major of the 96th regiment, has been engaged to play at the subscription balls, and their leader is actively employed in arranging sets of entirely new quadrilles for the occasions.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (9 August 1851), 7

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (20 August 1851), 526

SIR, An attack upon me having appeared in the Examiner newspaper of the 9th instant, in the form of a letter, subscribed John McKenzie, I beg leave (for the information of my friends, the greater part of whom are in ignorance of the existence of a biped of that name) to describe the wonderful properties of the animal, and the locality of the caravan, in which he is exhibited. He is a "Great Grass Lion" (an animal with long ears) who is exhibited daily in a wooden shed, opposite a tannery in Wellington-street. He the said "Grass Lion" is a journeyman blacksmith, and he is also a member of the St. Joseph's Band, in which he is of neither use nor ornament. I will further describe him - he is a huge slop made fellow, with a hump on his back, somewhat like a camel; this "Grass Lion" has presumed to answer some remarks, which appeared in the Chronicle of the 6th instant, and volunteered some abuse of me, which is not worth my notice, except as to his assertion, in the face of the whole community, that I was only fifer in the 96th regiment, every person being perfectly aware (even the "Grass Lion" himself) that I was drum major of that regiment, and as a natural consequence - a master of my profession. I deny my readyness to play for half a crown at any time, but am ever willing to oblige as the "Grass Lion" is fully aware, and with regard to his assertion that I was discharged from the St. Joseph's Band for inability, I leave that matter to the opinion of the members of the society, and would merely state that to the contrary, I have been solicited to join that band again, as they were not certain how long their present master would be with them. I have been so terrified Mr. Editor as to the woeful threat held out in the "Grass Lion's" very queer nota bene, that I was induced to consult my solicitor on the subject, who reminded me of the home-made adage of sueing a beggar and catch a l---. - I am Mr. Editor your obedient servant, JAMES ALLAN, Musician and late drum major of the 96th regt. N.B. - If the "Grass Lion" be wise, he will give up all pretensions to wind instruments, except the bellows at the back of his forge, for certainly nature never moulded him for a musician, Aug. 19.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (27 August 1851), 2

"DEATHS", The Courier (30 April 1858), 2


Suddenly, at Cressy, on the 28th, MR. JAMES ALLEN, formerly Drum Major of H. M. 96th Regiment of Foot, aged 49 years.


St. Joseph's Band

John Mackenzie

ALLEN, John Harward (John ALLEN; ALLAN)

Singing master, music master (Model Schools)

Born c. 1826
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855; 1865-83
Died Sydney, 18 July 1890, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"DENOMINATIONAL SCHOOLS SINGING", The Argus (26 December 1855), 7 

"DISTRIBUTION OF PRIZES AT THE MODEL SCHOOLS", The Australian News for Home Readers (25 January 1865), 6

... The proceedings were commenced by the singing of the National Anthem by the children, under direction of Mr. John Allen, the music master. "God Save the Queen" was very creditably performed, and in the subsequent pieces sung by the children they displayed a pleasing degree of efficiency in the art ...

"THEATRICAL CRITICISM. HARWOOD V. FIEGL", The Argus (24 August 1874), 6 

... John H. Allan, teacher under the Education department. - I have Been the Duvallis dance. The pictures of the dancing are tolerably correct. I should rather not see any of my friends in that position. His Honour. - But none of your friends are public dancers. Witness. - No, they are not; but I do not consider such a posture decent for a woman on the public stage. It is not calculated to improve public taste or public morals. I don't wish to express any opinion on those performances, so far as regards the people who go to the theatre. I have seen a similar performance at the Alhambra Theatre, London. The licence was withdrawn from the place. I know this from the newspaper reports, and I also know that the stylo of entertainment was altered ...

"THE EDUCATION COMMISSION", The Age (20 June 1883), 6 

. . . John H. Allan, singing master under the Board of Education, said he had to give instruction to the children attending five schools in the metropolitan district. This duty also included the imparting of instruction in the art to a class of State teachers. He was required to give a couple of lessons a week in his schools. The number of children in each of his singing classes varied from 60 to 120. It would be advisable to limit the number [to] 70. He generally found that the children took a lively interest in the art of singing ...

[News], The Argus (21 July 1890), 7 

A large assemblage yesterday attended the obsequies of the late Mr. John Harward Allen, formerly senior singing master under the Board of Education of Victoria. Mr. Allen's death took place at Sydney under peculiarly sad circumstances. He had gone to that city on a holiday visit in the company of two daughters, and after a few days spent in apparently good health and spirits, he was suddenly stricken down with apoplexy, and death ensued on Friday morning last. Yesterday afternoon the body, which had been brought over from Sydney, was taken to St. Peter's Church, Eastern Hill, with which the deceased had been connected in various capacities for many years, and thence to the place of interment in the Kew Cemetery, the Rev. Canon Handfield officiating in the church and at the grave. The late Mr. Allen was an old colonist, having arrived in Melbourne in 1852. After a few years spent in school teaching under the old Denominational Board he was appointed singing master in 1855, being the first who obtained a Government appointment by competitive examination. With three short interruptions, due to political changes, he continued in this capacity until 1889, when he retired from the service, his brother officers marking the event by the presentation of an appreciative testimonial. Mr. Allen was one of the first founders of the Philharmonic Society, and one of the originators of the East Collingwood Volunteer Rifles, in which he rose to the rank of captain. The deceased gentleman was regarded as a man of sterling character, and endeared to his numerous friends by a uniformly kind and amiable disposition. In his long career as a teacher he had the opportunity of imparting the rudiments of musical education to many who have since obtained distinction in the musical profession, and had won the attachment of his pupils in an unusual degree.

ALLEN, Thomas Henry

Fiddler, shoemaker

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1878
Died Adelaide, SA, 9 July 1882


"INSOLVENCY COURT", South Australian Register (19 April 1878), 3

"POLICE COURT", The South Australian Advertiser (24 April 1879), 7

Thomas Henry Allen was charged with having played on a certain musical instrument, namely a violin, after having been requested by a constable and by Mr. W. T. Flint to depart from the neighborhood of Mr. Flint's shop, on account of its interfering with his business, on April 19 ... The defendant made lengthy address to the Bench, in which he slid the case must fall through because Mr. Flint had not proved that he was a householder or that he had any right to order him away. The fact that such a large crowd had gathered together showed that his music had been appreciated. Mr. Flint being a harsh unsympathetic kind of character, could not appreciate it - (laughter) - and he would ask the Bench, as Mr. Flint was in such a decided minority, to dismiss the case. Being an old colonist and a John Bull, he had as much right to play in the streets as any foreigner.


Professor of music, conductor, pianist, organist, music educator, composer

Born Kellinghausen, Germany 26 October 1842
Arrived Australia, 1858
Died Strathfield, NSW, 20 June 1917 (NLA persistent identifier)



Alpen came to Australia at the age of 16 in 1858. After several years in Melbourne, Alpen was appointed director of the Vocal Philharmonic Society in the New South Wales town of Tumut in 1862, and from 1865 was based in Albury. He moved to Sydney in 1880 to work as a singing master for the newly established Department of Public Instruction, teaching at Fort Street and Hurlstone teacher training colleges. In 1884 he was appointed Superintendent of Music in the Department. He advocated enlightened modern methods of music teaching for school children, emphasising aural development and sight-singing, and in 1897 he published a treatise, Practical Hints for the Teaching of Vocal Music in Public Schools. In early precursors of today's Schools Spectaculars, he led massed student choirs in gala performances, often including his own compositions. His Commemoration ode (1899) celebrated Fort Street School's jubilee. At the celebrations of the Inauguration of the Commonwealth in Centennial Park on 1 January 1901, he conducted an estimated 10,000 school children in a performance of his work Federated Australia. Alpen was also the organist at St Patrick's on Church Hill, and at St Benedict's on Broadway. In retirement he lived in Strathfield until his death on 20 June 1917. Among his later works, with words by Roderick Quinn, was Hail! Men of America, Hail! which was performed as an "ode of welcome to the American Fleet" on its hugely popular first visit to Sydney Harbour in 1908.

Bibliography and resources:

Deborah Crisp, "Amateurs and professionals: a snapshot of musical life in a country town, 1860-1865", Australasian Music Research 1 (1996), 103-140

Graeme Skinner, "Alpen, Hugo", Dictionary of Sydney (2008)

ALLPORT, Mary Morton

Amateur musician, harpist, amateur artist

Born Birmingham, England, 17 May 1806
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 December 1831 (per Platina, from London, 30 July)
Died Hobart, TAS, 10 June 1895, aged 89



"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (14 December 1831), 2

"Deaths", The Mercury (12 June 1895), 1

"Tasmanian Letter", Australian Town and Country Journal (22 June 1895), 37

Old colonists who may know Tasmania and her people personally will be sorry to hear of the death of one who knew Van! Diemen's Land in the very early days. I refer to Mrs. Allport, widow of Mr. Joseph Allport, the well-known solicitor, who died at her residence, in Holebrook Place, on Monday, 10th ...

Bibliography and resources:

Joanna Richardson, An annotated edition of the journals of Mary Morton Allport (Ph.D thesis, University of Tasmania, 2006) 

Joanna Richardson, "Introducing Mary Morton Allport and her journals", Tasmanian Historical Research Association: Papers and Proceedings 54/1 (April 2007), 34-49

Ian Henderson, "Eyeing the lady's hand: the concealed politics of Mary Morton Allport's colonial vision", Journal of Australian Studies 66 (2000), 104-115

"Mary Morton Allport", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Henry Allport, "Allport, Joseph (1800-1877)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)


Violinist, pianist, Professor of Music, Teacher of Violin, Viola and Piano

Born Sandhurst, VIC, 1864
Died Johannesburg, South Africa, 8 April 1918 (NLA persistent identifier)



Edward Calon was reportedly first teacher of a talented musical youngster, George Allpress, aged 11 1/2 when he made his public debut in September 1876. Allpress spent 1879 working in orchestras in New Zealand. Working in Brisbane in 1884 with Caron's opera company, the Queensland Figaro described him disparagingly as "that ladylike violinist, Mr. Rivers Allpress!".


"A YOUNG MUSICIAN", The Maitland Mercury (28 September 1876), 3

"MUSIC", The Argus (4 October 1876), 2s

"A Peep at the Shows", Queensland Figaro (5 April 1884), 15

"A popular Sydney Musician", Australian Town and Country Journal (13 April 1889), 28

"DEATH OF RIVERS ALLPRESS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1918), 14


Portrait by Tom Roberts (c.1895), NGV


Music lithographer, printer

Active Victoria, by 1860
Died Sydney, NSW, 17 May 1903, aged 78


John Alvarez lithographed at least two musical prints issued in Hobart. For George Rolwegan, Caller Herrin ("The Celebrated Scotch Song") published in December 1861, and for James Walch, The Tasmanian Yacht Club polka, by Mary Oldham, issued in June 1862.


"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (20 June 1860), 5

"NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (31 December 1861), 2

"MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (2 January 1862), 5

"THE TASMANIAN YACHT CLUB POLKA", Launceston Examiner (26 June 1862), 5

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Mercury (17 March 1864), 2

"ASSINGNMENTS", South Australian Register (8 October 1880), 4

"DISTRICT COURT", The Brisbane Courier (9 March 1889), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 May 1903), 4

AMADIO, John (John Bell TAYLOR; John AMADIO)

Flautist, flute player

Born Christchurch, NZ, 15 November 1883
Active professionally in Australia by 1898
Married Leonora Soames Roberts, Brighton, VIC, 6 January 1915
Married Florence Mary Wilson (Florence Austral), Hampstead, London, 15 December 1925
Died Melbourne, VIC, 4 April 1964 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



Amadio was born John Bell Taylor, but, after his mother remarried in 1890, adopted his stepfather, Henry Amadio's, surname; note that his mother's name was Elza Helen Taylor (Willson), not "Eliza" as given in the ADB.

As of February 2017, the above TROVE tag link goes mainly to (Australian) items tagged for the years 1898, 1899, and 1900, plus some later materials.


"MARRIAGE", Evening Post [NZ] (21 October 1890), 2 

"WELLINGTON ORCHESTRAL SOCIETY", Evening Post [NZ] (25 November 1896), 6 

... The concert was noticeable for the début of Master Amadio, a pupil of Mr. Charles J. Hill, as a solo flautist. The piece chosen was a concert fantasia, by W. Popp, on Gotze's song "O Schöne Zeit," and it served to display the marvellous command which the little lad had over the flute - the difficult variations on the theme being played in a way which leads one to prophesy a brilliant future for Master Amadio. The furore caused at the conclusion of the number necessitated a portion of it being repeated ...

[Advertisement], Evening Post [NZ] (7 December 1897), 6 

NZNA CONCERT, THOMAS'S HALL. THURSDAY, 9th DECEMBER. At 8 p.m. To Celebrate the Discovery of New Zealand by Tasman, in 1642. PROGRAMME ... Flute Solo - " Nocturne" No. 5 (Chopin): "Concert Etude" (Tillmetz) - Master John Amadio ...

"LOCAL AND GENERAL", Wanganui Chronicle (13 December 1897), 2 

"Crumbs", Evening Journal (9 July 1898), 4 

Will young Amadio, the Sydney flautist, become another John Lemmone?

"Music", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (27 August 1898), 495 

The smoke concert of the Sydney Liedertafel at the Town Hall on the 17th instant was especially strong in its instrumental numbers ... and Master John Amadio, a talented young flautist from Wellington, N.Z., made his debut in Sydney on this occasion ... Master Amadio showed himself to be a very promising flautist, with an already well developed technique. His staccato playing was noticeably neat. Master Amadio's numbers were de Jong's fantasia on airs from Gounod's "Faust" and Terschak's "Gossips," and encores were demanded for each ...

"LOCAL AND GENERAL", Press [NZ] (6 September 1898), 4 

The young Wellington flautist, John Amadio, a boy hardly in his teens, appeared with marked success at a concert given by the Sydney Liedertafel last month.


Piano-forte maker

Born ? UK, c. 1808
Active Melbourne, VIC, by January 1851
Died South Yarra, VIC, 14 September 1866, aged 58 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Bankrupts], The London Gazette (18 January 1848), 181 

EDWARD GOULBURN, Esq. one of Her Majesty's Commissioners authorized to act under a Fiat in Bankruptcy awarded and issued forth against Andrew Anderson, of No. 83, Great Titchfield-street, in the county of Middlesex, Piano Forte Maker, will sit on the 5th day of February next, at one of the clock in the afternoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, Basinghall-street, in the city of London (by adjournment from the 8th of January instant), in order to take the Last Examination of the said bankrupt; when and where he is required to surrender himself, and make a full discovery and disclosure of his estate and effects, and finish his examination.

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 August 1851), 3

ANDREW ANDERSON, PIANO FORTE MAKER (From London.) BEGS to acquaint his friends, and the public, that he is prepared to undertake the repair of any description of Piano Forte, having been engaged in this business in London for upwards of twenty years, where he obtained a practical knowledge of every branch of it ...

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (25 September 1855), 4

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (3 February 1860), 2 

We have much pleasure in bearing testimony that Geelong can boast of producing a first-rate pianoforte, altogether constructed by one of our townsmen. The maker of the instrument is Mr. Andrew Anderson, No. 25, Myers-street west. It is a cottage piano, having a compass of 6 3/4 octaves, with a fine elasticity of touch, and evincing a mellowness of tone, with considerable brilliancy and power. The case is neat, and the internal mechanical arrangements combine many of the latest improvements. The whole is well finished, and being made of long seasoned colonial wood, it is well adapted to the Australian climate. We would recommend all who are interested in colonial manufactures, and who amongst us in these times is not? - to inspect this home-made production of Mr. Anderson's practical ability and unremunerated perseverance.

"DEATHS", Geelong Advertiser (27 September 1866), 3 

Anderson - On the 14th inst, at Bond street, South Yarra, suddenly, of apoplexy, Mr. Andrew Anderson, late of London and Geelong, aged 58 years.

Bibliography and resources:

Martha N. Clinkscale, Makers of the piano: 1820-1860 (1999), 8

An Andrew Anderson was listed at 83 Great Titchfield Street, Oxford Street, London, from 1843-1850.

But see also, on Andrew Anderson, piano maker of New York:

Nancy Groce, Musical instrument makers of New York (1991), 4 (PREVIEW)

ANDERSON FAMILY (James Henri Anderson and descendents)

ANDERSON, James Henri (J. H. ANDERSON, R.A.M.; James Henry ANDRERSON)

Professor of music, pianist, composer, organist, music retailer, music publisher

Born UK, 1822/23
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 4 February 1842
Died Melbourne, VIC, 30 April 1879, aged 56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Pianist, composer

Born ? Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1848 (son of James Henri ANDERSON)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 22 March 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



According to his Sydney obituary, Alfred had been, from around the age of 7, a pupil of "Mr. J. Packer" [sic] in Hobart, and later, in Sydney, in the early 1860s continued his studies with the same Packer; however, Charles Packer, left Hobart for Sydney in 1852, so that his Hobart teacher was more likely to have been Charles's younger brother, Frederick Alexander Packer, also an alumnus of the Royal Academy. That he did study later in Sydney with Charles Packer is, however, not in question.

Alfred returned to Sydney in July 1869, with a letter of recommendation from his teacher, the Austrian pianist Ernst Pauer. In Sydney on 29 December 1875, Anderson married the touring singer Ilma De Murska. Alfred died less than four months later, at his father's house, 1 Lansdown-terrace, East Melbourne, on 22 March 1876. A letter to the editor of the Argus from Anderson senior addressed accusations printed in the earlier notice that De Murska had been barred access to her husband by his family. Many years later, De Murska's manager De Vivo went into print in the New York Sun claiming that, during Alfred's final illness, the Anderson family had effectively swindled Murska of £2000. According to De Vivo, when she last tried to see her husband: "... she found the old Jewish father sitting at the door, a bottle of wine at his side, and when she attempted to enter the door he stretched out his cane and told her his son was too ill to receive her".

Less than two months after Alfred's death, while on tour in Dunedin, New Zealand, on 15 May 1876, De Murska remarried, her new husband Anderson's former Royal Academy colleague and friend, John Hill.


[Advertisement], The Courier (4 February 1842), 3

"TO THE EDITOR ... PSALMODY", Launceston Examiner (4 September 1850), 4

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (3 April 1852), 7

"GRAND CONCERT", Colonial Times (9 July 1852), 2

"CONCERT", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (24 July 1852), 3 


"ALFRED ANDERSON'S DEBUT", The Empire (31 October 1860), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1864), 1 

On the 4th October, at his residence, 3, Great Prescot-street, London, Samuel Michael, Esq., in his 78th year, uncle to Mr. J. H. Anderson, 360, George-street, Sydney.

"TOWN AND COUNTRY: MR. ALFRED ANDERSON, R.A.M.", Sydney Mail (18 April 1868), 5:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 July 1869), 1

"AN ANECDOTE OF PRINCE ALFRED", The Ballarat Star (16 October 1868), 3

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (6 July 1870), 1

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 December 1870), 1

"MR. J. H. ANDERSON", The Brisbane Courier (31 December 1870), 4

Mr. J. H. ANDERSON, member of the Royal Academy of Music, London, and for many years well and favorably known in the Southern colonies us a music teacher, has recently taken up his residence amongst us, and announces that he is prepared to receive pupils for the piano- forte and singing. Mr. Anderson brings a long list of references including our present Premier, and nearly all the old residents of standing in the city and neighbourhood.

[News], Rockhampton Bulletin (26 December 1871), 2

Mr. Alfred Anderson will be assisted to-morrow evening by his father, Mr. J. H. Anderson, whose performance on the concertina, are too well and favourably known to need any comment from us.

"NEW SOUTH WALES", The South Australian Advertiser (31 December 1875), 5

[News], The Argus (23 March 1876), 5

Death has put an end to the career of Mr. Alfred Anderson, the well-known pianist. Mr. Anderson was a native of Sydney, and at the time of his death, which happened yesterday morning, at his father's residence, at half-past 8 o'clock, was 28 years old. His early musical training was received in London, as a pupil of the Royal Academy in that city. He paid a second visit to the great metropolis as a protege of the Duke of Edinburgh when His Royal Highness returned from his Australian tour. On the arrival of Mdlle. de Murska and her company in Melbourne he was occasionally employed as solo pianist both here and in Adelaide. On the return of the company from the last-named place he was engaged as pianist and accompanyist for the Sydney and New Zealand tour. While in Sydney ho was taken seriously ill, on the 10th November of last year, and from that time his health was always fluctuating. On the 29th December he was married to Mademoiselle Ilma de Murska, in Sydney, by the Rev. Dr. Fullerton. With one or two exceptions he had been unable to appear in his professional capacity since the company returned to Melbourne, and of late his case was recognised as hopeless, from the complication of disorders by which he was attacked - the heart, lungs, and kidneys being all involved. The immediate cause of death was congestion of the lungs, the result of repeated colds. Mdlle. de Murska (to preserve the best known name), we hear, is suffering greatly from her bereavement, and her grief is no wise lessened from the unsympathetic attitude assumed by the family of her late husband, who prevented her from seeing him when she desired to do so.

"THE LATE MR. ANDERSON", The Argus (25 March 1876), 5

"OBITUARY", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1876), 7 

The musical public generally, artistes, amateurs, and audiences must have learned with regret the tidings of the untimely death of Mr. Alfred Anderson, one of the most promising of our Australian musicians. From the number of years Mr. Anderson's family have been located here he was extremely well known and he had a large circle of private friends, amongst whom his geniality of disposition and bonhomie caused him to be much endeared. The following brief outline of his career may not prove uninteresting. He was born in Sydney about the year 1848, but at a very early period was taken by his father to Hobart Town, Tasmania where Mr. Anderson, sen., was carrying on his occupation as a teacher music. When still quite a child he developed a very precocious faculty for music, and at about the age of seven was placed under the instruction of Mr J. Packer. He proved a very apt scholar and readily imbibed the elements of the art which was destined to become his profession. After having studied under Mr. Packer about five years he was sent to England, and entered as a student at the Royal Academy of Music, London. There, of course, he enjoyed the advantage of training both technical and practical under the professional staff of the institution, especially Mr. Pauer, his chief instructor in the pianoforte. Having completed the requisite course of study, he returned to Sydney about the year 1861 and made his first appearance in public as a pianist in the uniform of the Academy, his extreme juvenility rather surprising those who saw him. He did not, however, entirely abandon study, for he entered upon another course with his old master Mr. Packer, who had in the interim located himself in Sydney. In the year 1867 he was at Melbourne, and upon the first visit to the colonies of the Duke of Edinburgh, his Royal Highness took very favourable notice of the young artiste, and, as is well known, honoured him by many tokens of his esteem. Upon the Prince leaving the colonies for England, he was followed shortly afterwards by Mr. Anderson, to whom his Royal patron had held out prospects of a successful career in the mother country. At London Mr. Anderson was presented to H.R.H. the Prince or Wales, and had the honour of playing at Marlborough House. But his sojourn in England was not a lengthy one - the intense cold of that country proving very injurious to the delicacy of his constitution - and when the Galatea, with her Royal captain, again entered Port Jackson, Mr. Anderson was once more pursuing his profession in his native land. Subsequently to this he appeared at a series of concerts in conjunction with Miss Carrie Emanuel, with whom he also travelled in the provincial towns and in New Zealand, of which colony he made a tour. Afterwards Mr. Anderson appears to have carried on his profession in a rather desultory way, occasionally appearing at concerts, but for the most part confining himself to private life. He first met Mdle. Ilma de Murska at Ballarat, and an intimacy between the "Hungarian nightingale" and the young pianist rapidly grew into a cordial friendship. With Mdlle. de Murska he travelled in his professional capacity, and appeared with her at Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney, and the provincial towns. They were married by the Rev. Dr. Fullerton at Sydney in January last. From this colony they returned to Melbourne whence it was intended to proceed to New Zealand en route for Philadelphia. But the health of Mr. Anderson, which had been sinking, now completely gave way. After having been for some time in a precarious condition he finally succumbed to a combination of affections of the lungs, heart, and kidneys, and expired on Wednesday morning, March 22, in his twenty-eighth year. His suffering had been so great that his most intimate friends were denied access to him, and on the morning of his death even his wife was only permitted to approach him for a few minutes. Every precaution that medical science could suggest proved, however, unavailing. Mr. Anderson was a musician of much promise, and had he lived would probably have achieved a reputation in the musical world. he was not great as a theorist, or in composition, but his manipulation was extremely clever, and he possessed wonderful ability as a reader, playing almost any music at sight with great facility. He had besides a marvellously retentive memory. The latter gift frequently enabled him to compose or improvise a selection of airs based upon a work of which he did not possess the music, and which he had only heard a few times.

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 May 1879), 1

ANDERSON. - On the 30th ult., at his residence, 79 Gore-street, Fitzroy, James Henry Anderson, R.A.M., professor of music, aged 58 year, father of the late Alfred Anderson, R.A.M. Sydney papers please copy.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1879), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 June 1879), 2

GEORGE RUSHALL has received instructions from Messrs J. Barnet and Saml. Lyons, executors in the estate of J. H. Anderson, R.A.M., deceased, to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, on the premises as above, Fine toned cottage piano, by Aucher Frères, a valuable collection of instrumental music and operas, selected with great care by deceased ...

"THE LOVES OF A CANTATRICE", Kalgoorlie Western Argus (11 March 1897), 10

Musical works (James):

The lays of the Hebrews ("A Selection of Hebrew Melodies as Sung at the Consecration of the Sydney Synagogue ... Arranged for the Piano Forte by J. H. Anderson") (Contents: 1 Psalm 91 [by Matthew Moss (England 1795-1868)]); 2 Psalm 24 [Matthew Moss]); 3 Awake! Awake!; 4 Come my beloved) (Sydney: Francis Ellard, [1844]) 

The Fitzroy quadrilles ("dedicated by permission to His Excellency Sir Charles A. Fitzroy, K.C.B., in honor of his visit to Melbourne") (Sydney: James T. Grocott, for the composer, [1850]) 

Musical editions (James): 

Musical works: (Alfred)

The Sydney polka [Australian edition] (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1861?]) 

The Challenger galop (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1867]) 

The Queen's Own galop (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Son, [1867]) 

The Royal Visit quadrilles (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Son, [1867]) 

The Belmore galop (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1868]) 

Star of love (valse de salon on favourite themes from Lurline) [W. V. Wallace] (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1868]) 

The New England polka (composed by J. H. Thee; arranged for the piano-forte by Alfred Anderson) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1864]) 

Modern editions:

Richard Divall (ed.), James Henri Anderson, The lays of the Hebrews for pianoforte, 1844 (Australian Music Series, MDA017) (Monash University: Music Archive, 2014) 

Family of ANDERSON, John Henry ("Professor ANDERSON"; "The wizard of the north")

Magician, mesmerist, entertainer

Born Kincardine, Scotland, 1814
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, June 1858
Departed Melbourne, VIC, August 1859 Died Darlington, County Durham, England, February 1874

ANDERSON, Miss (Miss ANDERSON, ? Louisa/Louie)

Pianist, vocalist

ANDERSON, Misses (Flora, Eliza)



"PROFESSOR ANDERSON AT THE ROYAL", The Age (22 June 1858), 5 

. . . Professor Anderson is accompanied by his son, who assists him in his performances, and two daughters, one, a little girl eleven years of age, endeavored to torture music out of a terrified unstrung piano. The other infant prodigy, about four years old, treated the audience to a song. Despite our sympathy with the Professor's parental pride, we would rather have had the musical capabilities of the Misses Anderson displayed at another time. He must give us better music else none at all.

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (16 November 1858), 3 

... Then came the magic portfolio: Trunks, boxes, escritoires, his own daughter (who by the way sang an admirable song which was vociferously cheered) ...

Professor Anderson was assisted by his sons and daughters, one of the latter of whom (Miss Anderson) presided at the piano . . . The only thing required to make this marvellous entertainment more complete, is a small but an efficient orchestra.

"THE LYCEUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1858), 5 

. . . Little Miss Anderson created considerable amusement by her song "Bonnie Dundee," and the mesmeric cataleptic experiment with another of the Miss Anderson's was exceedingly successful, and without exception the cleverest feat we have witnessed . . .

"PROFESSOR ANDERSON'S PERFORMANCES", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (4 May 1859), 2 

[of the concert following Anderson's magic performance] . . . Suffice it to say that, with the exception of Miss Anderson's two songs, "La Manola" and "Katty Darling", which were both sung very prettily, and Mr. Rider's solo on the cornet-a-pistons, which was unanimously encored, the whole performance proved a miserable failure. What with the buffoonery of one of the band of amateurs, and the incompetency of others, despite all the trouble, which had been bestowed upon this portion of the entertainment, the effevt of the introductory glee, (the harmony of which is of the simplest description,) and of the only two classical pieces in the programme, - the lovely two-part song by Mendelssohn, and Cherubini's well known Canon, "Perfida Clori," - were completely destroyed, and, we may »ay, burlesqued ...

"THE HAYMARKET THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (21 June 1859), 3 

. . . The whole performance was, in fact, a grand success. An excellent orchestra, with Miss Anderson at the piano, at which she presided with the ability pf an accomplished and practised player, added a good deal to the interest of the entertainment . . .

[Advertising], Mount Alexander Mail (8 July 1859), 5 


The FAIRY OF THE PORTFOLIO, with the song of "Bonnie Dundee," MISS FLORA ANDERSON.

Ministering Attendants MISS ELIZA ANDERSON. MR. J. H. ANDERSON, JUN.

Miss ANDERSON will preside at the Piano Forte.


Professor of music, musicseller, piano tuner

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1866
Died Melbourne, VIC, January 1887, aged 56


[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1866), 8

"BIRTHS", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (16 May 1868), 14

"SUICIDE BY HANGING", The Argus (27 January 1887), 9

An inquest was held by Dr. Youl at Carlton on Wednesday, on the body of Thomas Anderson, a dealer in musical instruments, aged 56. The deceased had been partially paralysed all his life, and often expressed a wish that he was dead. He recently went to England for the sake of his health, but returned without being benefited. On Tuesday he retired at 11pm and nothing more was known of his movements until about 8am on Wednesday, when his dead body was found hanging by the neck in the bathroom of his house. A verdict of suicide whilst of unsound mind was returned.

"Funerals", The Argus (27 January 1887), 1

ANDREW, Theresa Shirley (Theresa BALL; Theresa ANDREW; Theresa SHIRLEY; Mrs. ANDREW)


Born Coventry, England; baptised 30 March 1835 (daughter of WIlliam Shirley BALL)
Active VIC, by late 1850s
? Married Henry WHARTON, c.1864/65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Age (16 November 1858), 1 

"MRS. ANDREW", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (3 February 1860), 3 

Bibliograpy and references:

Kurt Ganzl, "In search of (another) singer . . .", posted 23 March 2017 

ANDREW, Nellie

Soprano vocalist, blind musician


Flautist, pianist, blind musician

Active Melbourne, VIC, and on tour in NZ, 1898


"BLIND MUSICIANS", Grey River Argus (23 August 1898), 3

This talented Company will open for a season, commencing on Friday evening, at Bonnie's Hall. ... Miss Nellie Andrew was born blind. She has a pleasant soprano voice and is always well received. Is also a splendid organist and pianist ... Mr. Tom Andrew (brother to Miss Nellie Andrew) was, like his sister, born blind. He is a finished flautist and a pleasing and graceful accompanist on the piano. His work in playing nearly all the accompaniments is not light, when it is recollected that everything he does must be an effort of memory.

"THE BLIND MUSICIANS", Wairarapa Daily Times (18 November 1898), 3


Musician, member of the theatrical band

Active Sydney, NSW, 1843


"ROYAL CITY THEATRE, MARKET-STREET", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1843), 2 


The Orchestral Selections for the evening which will be performed previous to the several Pieces, and between the Acts, include Haydn's Symphony, No 2; Mozart's Overture to L'Irato; Rossini's Overture to Il Barbiere di Seviglia; and Brilliant Arrangement of Strauss Valses.

The Band comprises the following instrumental Performers - Mr. S. Wallace, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Walton, Mr. Wallace, senior; Mr. Portbury, Mr. Walker, Mr. Adams, Mr. Wright, Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Strong, and Mr. Andrews.

ANDREWS, Edward R. G. W.

Teacher and composer of music, orchestral conductor, reviewer, examiner

Born ?, 1862/3
Active Bendigo and Melbourne, VIC, 1887
Died Canterbury, VIC, 25 February 1930, aged 67 (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 February 1886), 4

"MR. E. R. G. W. ANDREWS", Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1887), 2

This gentleman, who is well-known in musical circles, will take his departure today by the afternoon train for the metropolis, where it is his intention to practice his profession as a teacher and composer of music. His office will be in Mr. Glen's musical establishment in Collins street. Mr Andrews, it will be remembered, lately won the prize for the musical composition to the cantata to be performed at the opening of the Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition.

"THE MUSIC CRITICISED", South Australian Register (22 June 1887), 6

"MUSIC OF THE CEREMONIAL", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (25 June 1887), 7

"THE EAGLEHAWK MUSICAL COMPETITION", Bendigo Advertiser (8 October 1895), 3

"MR. E. R. G. ANDREWS'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (30 October 1897), 5

"NIKISCH, THE GREATEST LIVING CONDUCTOR", Bendigo Advertiser (29 May 1907), 6

"MARSHALL-HALL CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (19 May 1908), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 February 1930), 1

Selected works:

Adelaide Jubilee International Exhibition cantata (words by G. H. Cossins) (Adelaide: E. Spiller, Government Printer, 1887)

Mariette; or, The rule of the fairies (an entirely original romantic opera in two acts written by E. G. L. Sweet) (libretto, Melbourne: Universal Printing Company, [1888?])


Conductor of Bendigo Orchestral Society, Bendigo Lyric Orchestra, and Bendigo Liedertafel

ANDREWS, Mrs. Frank (Mrs. Frank ANDREWS)

Mezzo-soprano vocalist, Professor of Singing

Active Sydney, NSW, by December 1853; until July 1857


At Henry Marsh's Musical Academy in Sydney, as advertised on December 1853, "the vocal department [was] under the direction of Mrs. ANDREW, pupil of Garcia". However, by March 1854 she was advertising alone, from her address in Forbes Street, Woolloomooloo. She gave her second annual concert in Sydney in June 1855, assisted by Flora Harris, Sara Flower, Frank Howson and Coleman Jacobs. She toured into country NSW in 1856, visiting Bathurst and Maitland. In Maitland she sang "the beautiful ballad of Willow Glen", followed by an encore Kate Kearney.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1853), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1854), 1

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (6 May 1854), 9 

MRS. FRANK ANDREWS, pupil of Garcia, begs to inform the ladies of Sydney that she continues to give lessons in Singing, at her residence, 19, Treemore-terrace, Forbes-street, Woolloomooloo. Terms may be had at Mr. Piddington's, Stationer, George-street.

"MRS. FRANK ANDREWS' CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (30 June 1855), 2

"BATHURST. THEATRICALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1856), 4

[Advertisement], "The Queen's Theatre", Maitland Mercury (19 August 1856), 3

"QUEEN'S THEATRE", Maitland Mercury (23 August 1856), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1857), 9

ANGUS, Silvanus (Sylvanus ANGUS; Silvanus ANGUS)

Bass vocalist (Melbourne Philharmonic Society, by 1857)

Born 1829; baptised New Court Chapel, West Gate Street, Newcastle, England, 9 March 1829
Arrived Australia, August 1854 (passenger per Great Britain) Active Melbourne, VIC by 1857
Married Matilda Emma FLORENCE (1838-1918), Melbourne, VIC, August 1858
Died Mornington, VIC, 13 March 1897, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Angus made a good impression in one of his earliest solo appearances for the Melbourne Philharmonic in Haydn's Imperial Mass in 1857. The Qui tollis peccata was:

... taken by a Mr Angus, a new basso of much promise, and who possesses a voice of more than average power, and of a quality for steadiness and richness not often met with in an amateur. This gentleman's singing formed decidedly one of the most agreeable features of the concert.

Angus was also a soloist in the first Australian performance of Molique's new oratorio Abraham by the Philharmonic in December 1862. In 1866, he was bass soloist in Horsley's The south seas sisters.



... Haydn's "Imperial Mass" occupied the whole of the first part of the evening, and, generally speaking, was satisfactorily rendered. The instrumentation and choruses were good, though too frequently amenable to the charge of want of steadiness and strict attention to time. In the " Gloria" the phrases "Qui tollis peccata" were taken by a Mr. Angus, a new basso of much promise, and who possesses a voice of more than average power, and of a quality for steadiness and richness not often met with in an amateur. This gentleman's singing formed decidedly one of the most agreeable features of the concert, and though at present he appears to be much hindered by nervousness, we shall be mistaken if he do not eventually prove to be a valuable acquisition to the vocal strength of the society. He must not, however, be content to stop where he is, for his voice is one which will amply reward him for its cultivation ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 December 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1862), 8

[News], The Argus (1 October 1863), 4

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (1 December 1869), 5

This singer possesses a bass voice of great compass, extending well into the regions of tenor, but his singing is marred by some mannerisms, which we will point out to him when his voice is in better condition than last night.

"DEATHS", The Argus (16 March 1897), 1

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (13 March 1899), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Melbourne Philharmonic Society (1859-69); Concert Programmes, Arts and Humanities Research Council, UK (summary of items held at British Library) 


Comic vocalist, songwriter

Active Picton, NSW, 1863


"PICTON", Bell's Life in Sydney (18 July 1863), 3

The local comic song by Alex. Antill, Esq., elicited much deserved approbation, some of the "hits" were certainly most apropos, more particularly that having reference to one of the late Contractors on No. 2, Railway Extension.

ANTONI, Pietro di

Basso vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1867
Died 19 October 1868, at sea (on the Alexander Duthie, from Sydney to San Francisco)


Antoni was primo basso of La Compagnia Lirica Italia, Lyster's Italian Opera Company (with Giuseppe Bertoloni, Ugo Devoti, Ida Vitali, and Guilia Colombo), that opened in Melbourne with Ernani in January 1868. According to The Argus

We have no hesitation in pronouncing Signor Antoni one of the best artistes we have had here for many a day, and as we have before said, no basso equal to him (with the exception of one, perhaps) has ever been heard in this part of the world. We should like to hear him in German opera - as Marcel, or Caspar. His voice is admirably suited for the aria di portamento and is comparatively lost to the world of Italian opera solely.

He did duly appear in Meyerbeer's Les Huguenots as the Sydney Herald reported:

The German school of composition is not that in which Signor Antoni might be expected to appear to the greatest advantage, but his Marcel was by no means ineffective - indeed it proved that the public estimation of his powers as a fine artist is fully deserved; and when it is considered that it was his first appearance in the character it must be considered successful.

Antoni died in October en route from Sydney to San Francisco.


[News], The Argus (4 December 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 January 1868), 8

"THE OPERA. ERNANI", The Argus (7 January 1868), 5

"THE OPERA. L'ELISIR D'AMORE", The Argus (13 January 1868), 5

"PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1868), 4

"DEATH OF SIGNOR ANTONI", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1869), 4

APPEL, Conrad (Conrad APPEL; Johan Conrad APPEL; Herr APPEL; APPELL)

Bandmaster (dance bands), cornet player

Born Liebenburg, Hannover, 10 January 1825
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, September 1856 (per Morning Light)
Active Sydney, NSW, from 1857
Died Glenn Innes, NSW, 14 June 1905 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Conrad Appel, accompanied by several fellow musicians, arrived in Sydney from Melbourne in February 1857. At various times Appel advertised his "Parisian Band" and "Brass Band" (Sydney's Cremorne Gardens, 1857), "Quadrille Band" (1859), "splendid GERMAN BAND" and "magnificent Brass BAND" (1863). In September 1861:

George Coliver was found guilty, on the prosecution of Conrad Appel, of having thrown stones at him and others, members of the German Band, to their common danger, and was ordered to pay 2s. 6d penalty, with 8s. 4d. for costs.

In May 1860, Appel and five other musicians formed the band for some or all of a voyage from Suez to Sydney on the Malta.

One of the few records of their actual repertoire appears in a report of a dinner at which they played at Windsor in November 1864, when the toast airs they played were Fine old English gentleman, Here's a health to all good lasses, and [? Spagnoletti's] The Cornstalk galop.

In June 1866 Elizabeth Appel advertised that Appel had "entirely withdrawn from the present German Band, as he is in Queensland". In the 1869 General Election, Appel signed a November petition of support for James Martin and Henry Parkes. A "Herr Appel was in attendance with his cornet" at dances in Brisbane in February and April 1886. Appel's son John was then living in Brisbane; earlier both father and son had worked with circus companies.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 July 1857), 1

"ST. ANDREW'S DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 April 1859), 1

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1863), 1

"BALL AT THE VICTORIA BARRACKS", Empire (24 June 1864), 4

"THE DINNER AT WINDSOR", Empire (30 November 1864), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 June 1866), 1

"DOUBLE BAY REGATTA", Empire (2 January 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1869), 2

[Advertisement], Australian Town and Country Journal (11 February 1882), 1

[News], Queensland Figaro and Punch (27 February 1886), 33

[News], Queensland Figaro and Punch (3 April 1886), 33

"Death of an Old Musician", Glen Innes Examiner and General Advertiser (20 June 1905), 2 

On Thursday, after an illness extending upwards of 11 months, J. Conrad Appell, a resident of some years' standing, passed over to the great majority. Deceased had exceeded the allotted span of life, and was creeping into 80th year when death claimed him. Years ago Mr. Appell was a member of a celebrated German band (the first of its kind to visit New England; and which was "stuck up" between Tenterfield and Maryland by the notorious bushranger, Thunderbolt, who relieved the musicians of all their monetary possessions), and was proficient on the clarionet, of which instrument he was particularly fond. Later on he conducted a small hand in Glen Innes. Of recent years Dame Fortune had been scant in her favors to the aged, frail musician, and he plodded away industriously, in his little garden to make a livelihood. Last year the old chap was stricken with paralysis, and since that time had been tended unceasingly by his wife, but he gradually sank, until he heard once more the trumpet call - not the old strains of way back years, but the clarion call from the Celestial Home.

Bibliography and resources:

February 1857

Appell, C.; Rosekranz, H.; Fretoth, F.; Meir, F.; Meir, A.; Wagner, F.;  Spohr, W.; Spohr, H.; Marheine, C.; Oppermann, H.; Meir, L.

May 1860

FREDERICKS, Christian (Bandmaster, 31, Hanover); SPOHR, Henry (Musician, 22, Brunswick); APPEL, Conrad (Musician, 35, Hanover); ROSENKRANZ, Henry (Musician, 30, Hanover); HAUSE, Christopher (Musician, 20, Hanover); OPPERMAN, Henry (Musician, 30, Hanover) 

My thanks: To Karen Hughes for information from her great-great-grandfather's marriage (1858), naturalisation (1904), and death certificates, and from her other research.


Blind violinist, ex convict

Active Maitland, NSW, 1843


"RECOVERY OF STOLEN ORDERS", The Maitland Mercury (21 January 1843), 2

"COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS", The Maitland Mercury (15 April 1843), 2

John Applewhite was indicted for having in his possession a stolen order for £6 13s 9d, on the 14th January last. ... The prisoner was in Lumley's public house the night before the robbery at the same time the prosecutor was there; he is a blind man, and had a fiddle with him ... The prisoner said he had received the orders from George Hall, but he had not the slightest knowledge of their being stolen ... He had been free thirteen years, and lost his sight in government service; he had never seen anything since he was free, and obtained a livelihood by playing upon a violin ... the prisoner was then sentenced to be imprisoned in Newcastle gaol for three calendar months.

ARABANOO ("Manly")

Indigenous informant, singer (of "our tunes")

Died (of smallpox, ? chickenpox), Sydney, NSW, 18 May 1789


For his biography, see Smith below. Tench reported Manly had "shown pleasure and readiness in imitating our tunes".


Hunter 1792 (Ara-ba-noo)

Tench 1793 (Arabanoo), esp. 13 

1st. January, 1789. To-day being new-year's-day, most of the officers were invited to the governor's table: Manly dined heartily on fish and roasted pork; he was seated on a chest near a window, out of which, when he had done eating, he would have thrown his plate, had he not been prevented: during dinner-time a band of music played in an adjoining apartment; and after the cloth was removed, one of the company sang in a very soft and superior style; but the powers of melody were lost on Manly, which disappointed our expectations, as he had before shown pleasure and readiness in imitating our tunes. Stretched out on his chest, and putting his hat under his head, he fell asleep.

Collins 1798


Troy 1993

Bibliography and resources:

Keith Vincent Smith, "Arabanoo", Dictionary of Sydney 

ARABIN, Frances (Mrs. WESTON; Mrs. LAVERTY; Mrs. MACKAY, Mrs. MACKIE, occasionally MACKEY; Mrs. Gustavus ARABIN; Mrs. ARABIN)

Actor, vocalist

Born c.1809
Active Sydney, NSW, by December 1832
Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) from 1837; later Sydney, Adelaide, Maitland
Died West Maitland, NSW, 10 October 1848, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


The daughter of Mrs. A. M. Dieckman, of West Maitland (by a previous marriage), she had married the actor Gustavus Arabin (d.1857) and was in Hobart appearing at the theatre by 1837. The couple came with Anne Clarke's company to Sydney in 1838. She was frequently billed as singing songs and duets. In 1847 she returned to her family in Maitland, and in March was:

... about getting a room at the Rose Inn ... fitted up as a theatre, and hopes by Easter to have it ready for performances by a mixed company, of amateurs and actors, under the management of herself and her husband, now in Sydney.

In due course in May, it was reported:

Mrs. Arabin, as usual, gave great satisfaction. In the song, "Perhaps it's as well as it is", she was rapturously encored, and although labouring under a severe cold and hoarseness, she contrived to delight the audience with her good humour and spirit.


"THEATRE-ROYAL, SYDNEY", The Sydney Herald (31 December 1832), 3 

The part of BLACK-EYED SUSAN, by (Mrs. Love), was well adapted to her powers ... DOLLY MAY FLOWER (Mrs. Weston) performed her part with much navieté [sic]. CAPTAIN CROSSTREE (Mr. Cooper) was a gentlemanly and dignified performance ...

"CORONERS INQUESTS", The Sydney Monitor (8 June 1833), 2 

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 June 1833), 2 

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (2 September 1834), 6 

On Saturday last, Mrs. Mackay had her benefit at Mr. Deane's Theatre. The house was well filled, and the performances were highly creditable. Mrs. Mackay would have pleased the Public much better, had she not favored them with the specimen of her vocal abilities.

"THEATRE", The Hobart Town Courier (15 December 1837), 2

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (15 March 1838), 2

"THEATRICALS", The Maitland Mercury (6 March 1847), 2

"THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury (15 May 1847), 2

"Deaths", The Maitland Mercury (18 October 1848), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (29 September 1848), 3

"Maitland District Court", The Maitland Mercury (19 September 1849), 2

"CIVIL SITTINGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 September 1849), 2

"DEATH", The Courier (13 February 1857), 2



Active Sydney, NSW, 1852-54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Her performance of Crouch's ballad Art thou in tears for the St. Mary's Choral Society in February 1852 was, according to the Empire, "Sung with great elegance and purity of taste by a young lady of very high promise". She also appeared in Coleman Jacobs's farewell concert in October 1853, and later "particularly distinguished herself" in further concerts for the St. Mary's Choral Society.


"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Empire (24 February 1852), 2

 [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 October 1853), 2

"MR. COLEMAN JACOBS'S CONCERT", Illustrated Sydney News (29 October 1853), 6

"MR. COLEMAN JACOBS'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 October 1853), 5

"SUMMARY FOR ENGLAND", Illustrated Sydney News (7 January 1854), 2

ARMITAGE, Edward Fitzgerald

Indigenous culture recorder

Born Dublin, Ireland, 9 June 1848
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, May 1852 (per Prince Arthur)
Died Maryborough, QLD, 21 November 1943, in his 96th year

See main entries on Armitage's song transcriptions in chronicle: 


DU-RC-BA-758816 (St Nicholas, baptism 18 June 1848)

"FRASER ISLAND", The Brisbane Courier (19 March 1927), 13

"MR. NED ARMITAGE", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (26 February 1938), 3

"DEATH", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (22 November 1943), 2

"A PIONEER PASSES ON", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (24 November 1943), 2


"Corroborees of the Aborigines of Great Sandy Island, written and translated by Edward Armitage, of Maryborough, Queensland, 1923", in F. J. Watson, "Vocabularies of four representative tribes of South Eastern Queensland", supplement to the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (Queensland) 48/34 (1944), 96-97

Bibliography and resources:


Letter from Edward Armitage to the Attorney-General, QLD, requesting compensation for being discharged from his employment as a result of travelling to Brisbane to testify re the capture of McPherson alias "Wild Scotchman", dated 17 September 1866



Active VIC, 1853-58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (2 February 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 October 1853), 8

"MARYBOROUGH", The Argus (28 November 1856), 6

Maryborough Hospital ... At Dunolly a concert was given at the Golden Age for the same laudable purpose, Madame Arnati White, Madame Vitelli, and Messrs. White, Leeman, and Gibson, giving their services gratuitously. The receipts amounted to £62.

[Advertisement], The Star (14 October 1857), 3

"MADAME ARNATI WHITE'S CONCERT", The Star (29 March 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 July 1858), 8

ARNDELL, Rowland Randolph

Pianist (pupil of Charles Packer), organist, composer

Born Maitland, NSW, 9 November 1857 (son of Thomas and Harriet ARNDELL)
Died ? QLD, 1920 (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (21 August 1862), 1

"BATHING IN A PUBLIC PLACE", The Maitland Mercury (18 February 1871), 3

"MAITLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 February 1874), 2

"LOCAL MUSIC", The Maitland Mercury (12 August 1876), 4

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1878), 5

"Amusements", Evening News (13 June 1878), 3

"A BROKEN HEART", The Maitland Mercury (12 June 1879), 5

"New Music", Newcastle Morning Herald (30 August 1879), 5

"THE CATHEDRAL", Freeman's Journal (16 June 1883), 14

"SOCIAL", The Brisbane Courier (10 November 1913), 9

Bibliography and resources:

"Roland Randolph Arndell (1857-1920)", WikiTree

ARNOLD, Edward

Music publisher, bookseller

Active Melbourne, VIC, by c.1850 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 September 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1859), 2s

[News of the day], The Argus (21 November 1859), 4

Musical publications:

Hark to the strains that triumphant are swelling (a patriotic song on the separation of Port Phillip from New South Wales; written by W. J. D. Arnold, respectfully dedicated to His Excellency Charles Joseph La Trobe, esq., Governor of Victoria; the music composed by Frank Hooper) [c.1850] 

The light from the mountain, favorite ballad by an Australian Lady, the music by S. Nelson, as Sung by Miss O. Hamilton [1859] 

Aurora Australis polka (composed by J. Sutherland) [1859] 

ARNOLD, George

Violinist, band leader (The European Band, London Quadrille Band)

Born c. 1829 (son of George ARNOLD)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1859
Married Mary Ellen BYRNE, Sydney, NSW, 1860
Died Araluen, NSW, 21 February 1866 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1859), 12

NOTICE. - The European Saxhorn and Quadrille Bands, Nos. 16 and 27, Union-street, Sydney. Balls, Pic-nics, Excursions, Dinner Parties, Processions, &c., &c.. attended with brass or string bands. Leaders, Saxhorn Band, Mr. J. Taylor; Quadrille Band. Mr. G. Arnold. Country engagements promptly attended.

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1859), 1

LONDON QUADRILLE BAND, consisting of part of the EUROPEAN BAND (Leader, G. ARNOLD). are OPEN to ATTEND Balls, Picnics, Excursions, &c. The above band, consisting of the following instruments 1st violin, 1st cornet, piccolo, horn, bass, side drum, &c. For the above band address G. SUTCH, musician, No. 16. Union-street. N.B. - Small parties and clubs attended with violin, harp, and cornet.

VICTORIA ASSEMBLY ROOMS, opposite Moffitt's, bookseller. Opening night, MONDAY next, December 5. London Quadrille Band-leader, Mr. G. King; master of tho ceremonies, Mr.Henry Mott. Dancing at nine, terminates at half-post eleven.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1859), 1 

VICTORIA ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Pitt-street, opposite Moffitt's. BACHELOR'S BALL TO-NIGHT. Stewards: Mr. B. Attwood, Mr. C. Francis, Mr. S. Baker, Mr. A. Long, Mr. H. Davest, Mr. H. Whitton. Mr. George Beaver will on this occasion only officiates as master of the ceremonies. London Quadrille Band-Leader, Mr. George Arnold. Dancing at nine, terminate at one o'clock.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1860), 8 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1861), 1 

LONDON QUADRILLE BAND, late European. Violin, Harp, and Cornet, open to engagement. G. ARNOLD. Leader.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1862), 1 

MUSIC - The LONDON QUADRILLE BAND open to any Engagement on MONDAY EVENING, 27th. Violin. Cornet, and Harp. GEORGE ARNOLD, Leader, 150, Clarence-st., or Kangaroo Hotel. Apply early.

"WATER POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1863), 3 

MONDAY. BEFORE the Water Police Magistrate, with Mr. J. Williams and Mr. R. Ronald . . . George Arnold, 34, musician, and David Dutch, seaman, apprehended that he had stolen a number of carpenter's toola were discharged. The last-named prisoner was subsequently convicted of desertion from the ship Ironsides, and sentenced to four weeks' hard labour in gaol . . .

? "WATER POLICE COURT - MONDAY", Empire (16 June 1863), 2 

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (22 October 1864), 4 

MR. GEORGE ARNOLD, VIOLINIST. BALLS, Parties, &c., attended to on the shortest notice. Address G. A., care of Mr. C. Blackwin, Book of Cashel, Sloane-street, Goulburn.

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (26 October 1864), 3 

Under the Patronage of His Honor Judge Wise. MR. SIGMONT will give a MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute, THIS EVENING (Wednesday), with the assistance of Mr. ARNOLD, late leader at the Prince of Wales Theatre, in Sydney, and Master WHITE on the concertina. Front seats, 2s. 6d.; back ditto, 1s. 6d. Tickets to be had of Mr. H. S. Clarke, Mr. Mr. W. Dignam, at the Mechanics' Institute, and at the City Book Mart. To commence at eight o'clock.

"MR. SIGMONT'S CONCERT", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (29 October 1864), 4 

On Wednesday evening Mr. Sigmont gave a concert in the hall of the mechanics' institute. He had hoped to have had the assistance of the members of the Philharmonic Society; but being disappointed he at first resolved to allow the concert to lapse. On re-consideration however he secured the assistance of Mr. Arnold, a violinist, and of Master White, son of Mr. F. White, who though stated to be only seven years of age performs on the concertina. The attendance was numerous; Mr. Jutstice Wise, under whose patronage the concert was held, and the clerk of arraigns being present. The want of more numerous performers was much felt, but Mr. Sigmont did his best to infuse variety into the evening's entertainment. The best pieces were some Hungarian waltzes, the peculiar nature of which was explained by Mr. Sigmont, and the overture and opening chorus of The Red Cross Banner, a piece of Mr. Sigmont's own composition which was performed at the York Festival and was much admired. Several of the songs and pieces were encored.

? "POLICE REPORT", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (25 January 1865), 2 

. . . George Arnold, brought up for drunkenoness, was discharged . . .

"DEATH IN THE ARALUEN LOCKUP", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (28 February 1866), 2 

A man named Arnold, a musician, who was lying in an outhouse on the premises of Mr. Christopher Jackson in a serious state of illness, was taken into custody by the police on Wednesday last and removed in a cart to the lock-up. Dr. Redhead was immediately called in to attend upon him, but the poor man had arrived at such a low stage as to be beyond relief, and notwithstanding all that could be done for him by the medical gentleman called in, he expired during Wednesday night. We understand that a magisterial inquiry was to have been held upon the body on Thursday or Friday, the result of which we have not heard, but there is no doubt that death resulted from that fatal cause, intemperance, under which so many in the colony hasten on, miserable and forsaken, to an untimely end. - Braidwood Dispatch.

ASSOCIATIONS: London Quadrille Band (leader); George Sutch (musician); G. King (band leader); J. Taylor (band leader); William Abercrombie Sigmont (musician)

ARNOLD, Thomas

Itinerant musician, barrel-organ player

Active Hobart, TAS, 1859


"POLICE COURT. Unlawful Purpose", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (13 December 1859), 2

George Hull was charged by Constable Smith with being at an early hour this morning on the premises of Thomas Arnold, itinerant musician, Goulbourn-street for an unlawful purpose . . . Thomas Arnold, the prosecutor, a blind man who gains his living by playing an organ in the streets . . .

ARRA-MAIDA (Arra-maïda)

Indigenous singer and dancer, Bruny Island, TAS

Active VLD (TAS), c.1802




As reported by Péron 1807 (Péron 1809); image plate 12 in atlas Péron 1811


Pianist, accompanist, composer, music publisher, musicseller

Born Dresden, Germany, 1843
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by May 1867 (from Germany)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, ? 1878
Died London, England, 28 May 1908 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Trading as Nicholson and Ascherberg (Melbourne) by November 1874; trading as Messrs. E. Ascherberg and Co. (London) by ? 1878


"THE QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY", The Argus (25 May 1867), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 June 1867), 8

[News], The Argus (27 June 1867), 5

[News], The Argus (30 May 1871), 5

"THE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (27 February 1872), 5

[News], The Argus (30 March 1874), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 November 1874), 7

[News], The Argus (15 September 1879), 5

"CABLE MESSAGES", The Brisbane Courier (17 March 1883), 5

[Bankruptcies], The London Gazette (29 May 1883), 2828

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (16 April 1885), 6

"MUECKE-CROSSLEY WEDDING", The Advertiser (16 May 1905), 6

"Re EUGENE ASCHERBERG, Deceased", The London Gazette (2 October 1908), 7157

"Eugene Ascherberg's Estate", The Music Trade Review (3 October 1908), 1

Musical works:

Two songs ("O calm thyself, my heart", and "Mother, oh sing me to rest") ("dedicated to Madame Escott") (Melbourne: Charles Troedel, [1867])


Until this heart shall break ("Wolle Keiner mich fragen"; composed by Eugene Ascherberg; German words by R. Prutz; English words by H. Puttmann (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [ca. 1879]) 

Publications include:

Dear old words (ballad; composed by Franz Abt; composed expressly for Nicholson & Ascherberg) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1876]) 

List! the birds are singing (song; by Franz Abt; Dedicated to Signora Antonietta Link ... composed expressly for Nicholson Ascherberg) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [? 1879]) 

Giorza's Exhibition album (Sydney: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1879] 

See also tagged items "Nicholson and Ascherberg": (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 213-15 (DIGITISED)

Kerry Murphy, "'Volk von Brüdern': the German-speaking Liedertafel in Melbourne", Nineteenth-century music review 2/2 (2005), 55-75 

ASHTON, Michael (Michael ASHTON)


Formerly of Liverpool, England
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, ? January 1853 (per Winchester)
Died Mornington, VIC, 19 July 1872, aged 84 years


"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (1 August 1855), 4


"THE MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (25 December 1878), 6

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (10 August 1872), 8s

[News], The Argus (13 August 1872), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Carne 1954


Professor of music, pupil of Thomas Attwood and John Baptist Cramer

Arrived Swan River Colony, WA, 1829
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 30 January 1831 (per Eagle)
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1 October 1842, aged 43


Sarah Atkinson and her husband, former army officer (48th and 73rd regiments) and artist, Lieutenant John Atkinson, emigrated to Swan River Colony in 1829. They arrived in Hobart in January 1831. For their first year in the colony, she taught music and John drawing at Ellinthorpe Hall, Ross. Back in Hobart in late 1831, she began teaching music privately, and was already running a small girls school of her own when, in January 1833, she relocated to Stanwell Hall. A year later she moved the school to Richmond. John's recent insolvency was probably the cause of Sarah again seeking specifically musical employment in April 1836. She did so again after his death in 1839.


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (1 February 1831), 2

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (22 October 1831), 3

INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC. MRS. ATKINSON begs leave respectfully to inform the inhabitants of Hobart-town and its vicinity, that as her late engagement at Ellenthorpe Hall (where during the last twelve months she has had the good fortune as a teacher to give every satisfaction) concludes at the ensuing Christmas vacation, she proposes at that time to commence giving instruction m Music, either at her own residence in town, or at that of the friends of such Pupils as may be entrusted to her care as well as to such young Ladies as may wish to avail themselves of her instruction during the vacations at school. Mrs. Atkinson will give due notice of her residence in a future advertisement.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (12 October 1832), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (30 November 1832), 1

STANWELL HALL, ESTABLISHMENT FOR YOUNG LADIES. MRS. J. ATKINSON will commence receiving those young Ladies intrusted to her charge on Monday the 15th January, 1833, and hopes by a strict attention to her duty, to merit the favour of those Parents and Guardians who may intrust her with Pupils. Mrs. Atkinson will give lessons in music at her residence from the 15th December 1832, to Jan. 13, 1833. N.B.-Drawing will be taught in the Establishment at 6 guineas, extra attendance out 10 guineas.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (20 December 1833), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (24 December 1833), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (26 January 1836), 8

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (22 April 1836), 3

MRS. JOHN ATKINSON, Professor of Music, begs most respectfully to offer her services to the inhabitants of Hobart town in that department (as well as in French). She was a pupil of Mr. Attwood, who presided at the organ of St. Paul's, London, and was finished by Mr. J. B. Cramer. Her terms may be known by reference to Dr. Ross or at her residence, No. 25, Collins street. She also begs to state, she had the honour to attend at Government House, where she gave every satisfaction.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (20 May 1836), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (7 January 1840), 3

Private Tuition. MRS. ATKINSON, of No. 3, Patrick street, recently left, by the death of her Husband, to provide for herself and five children, will be happy to engage in the Private Tuition of French, Music, or any other branch of Female Education, either at her own house, or at the residences of her pupils. The most respectable references can be given. December 31, 1834.

Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1842; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1185018; RGD35/1/1 no 1179 

Bibliography and resources:

Margaret Glover, "Atkinson, John", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

G. F. Stilwell, "Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark of Ellinthorp Hall", Tasmanian Historical Research Association 11/3 (April 1963), 72-109 (82)


Professor of music, pianist, organist singing class instructor

Active Brisbane, QLD, by 1863


[Advertisement], The Courier (29 June 1863), 3

[News], The Courier (22 December 1863), 2

[News], The Courier (23 December 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 October 1864), 1


Music copyist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1854), 1

To THE LADIES. - Music copied on reasonable terms. Mr. ATTFIELD, 70, Hunter-street.

AUERBACH, Fraulein


Active Sydney, NSW, 1860


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1860), 1 

CITY CONCERT HALL. - FRAULIEN AUERBACH, great artiste, sings in French, German, and Swedish National Songs.

AULD, Isabella (Mrs. Patrick R. SCOTT)

Teacher of music

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 January 1840 (per Charlotte, from Leith, 18 August 1839, and Hobart, 11 January)
Married Patrick Rigg SCOTT (1817-1850), Sydney, NSW, 22 April 1841
Died Calcutta, Bengal, India, 19 December 1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Hobart Town Shipping", Launceston Examiner (2 January 1840), 4

"PASSENGERS PER CHARLOTTE", Colonial Times (14 January 1840), 3

"CHARLOTTE", The Sydney Monitor (17 January 1840), 3

[Advertisement], The Colonist (22 January 1840), 3

FROM EUROPE. MISS J. AULD, Pupil to the most eminent Masters, will give instruction in the following branches of Music; both to Juvenile, and also to finishing Pupils, víz:- Piano-forte, Harp, Guitar, and Singing, either English, Scotch, or Italian, in the most perfect and fashionable style. Will be happy to shew satisfactory references if required. January 22.

"MARRIED", The Sydney Herald (26 April 1841), 3

MARRIED. By special license, at St. Julian Cottage, Sydney, on Thursday, 22nd instant, by the Rev. Dr. Lang, Mr. P. R. Scott, eldest son of J. Scott, Esq., of Easter Dairy House, Edinburgh, to Isabella daughter of the late Thomas Auld, Esq., St. Petersburg.

AUSTIN, John Gardner (J. G. AUSTIN)

Lithographer and printer

Born ? London; baptised St. Dunstan and All Saints, Stepney, 26 August 1812
Arrived Sydney, 12 June 1834 (per Bristol) ? Died VIC, 1884, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Music prints:

A song of the women of the Menero Tribe arranged with the assistance of several Musical Gentlemen ... by John Lhotsky (Sydney: I. G. Austin, Litho[graphe]r, n.d [1834]) (DIGITISED)

Echo's song, the words by Robert Stewart, esqr., composed and dedicated to his friend Mrs. C. Logan of Hobart Town, by Willm Wallace, late leader of the Anacreontic Society Dublin (Sydney: Printed by J. G. Austin, No. 12 Bridge Street, n.d. [1837]) (DIGITISED)

See also:


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (3 November 1834), 1

"Domestic Intelligence", The Australian (7 November 1834), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 November 1834), 3

"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (2 February 1837), 2

[News], The Colonist (2 February 1837), 2

[Sydney news], The Hobart Town Courier (17 February 1837), 2

"INSOLVENT ESTATES", Australasian Chronicle (5 April 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1849), 1

See also:

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Neville et al., "John Gardner Austin", Design & Art Australia Online (1992; 2011)

"John Garnder Austin", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Neidorf 1999, 134-35

AVINS, Julia (Mrs. AVINS; Mrs. Henry Stacey AVINS)

Actor, vocalist, dancer

Born c. 1816
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), May 1840 (per China, from London)
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 14 November 1892, aged 76, a colonist of 52 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (7 April 1841), 1 

THE ROYAL PAVILION SALOON WILL open on MONDAY EVENING, April 12, with a Vocal and Instrumental Concert. Programme. Part I.
Opening Chorus - "God eave the Queen" - By the whole Company.
Overture - "A la Melbourne" - Monsieur Gautrot and Band.
Song - "Blue Violets" - Mrs. Avins ...
... Part II ...
Song - Madame Gautrot
Song - "Away to the Mountain's Brow," - Mrs. Avins.
Duet - " The Charity School Boy" - Mrs. Avins and Mr. Miller.
Overture - Band.
Finale - "Rule Britannia," by the whole strength or the Company ...

"DEATHS", Leader (14 August 1875), 15 

"Deaths", The Argus (22 November 1892), 1 

"An Actress of the Early Days", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 December 1892), 31 

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