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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–A

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–A", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 20 February 2020

- A -

ABBA, Giovanni (Giovanni ABBA)

Trombone player

Born c. 1825
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by June 1854
Departed Melbourne, VIC, October 1854 (per Charlotte, for Valparaiso) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Argus (10 June 1854), 8 

ROWE'S CIRCUS. Concert Extraordinary.
A Band of Italian Musicians, whose talent was unsurpassed in their native country, having recently arrived in this colony, will have the honor of making their first appearance in Melbourne, and giving a grand Concert at Rowe's Circus, on Saturday evening, June 10th, 1854.
Having made arrangements with with Caverly Volunteer Fire Company to appear with it on all public occasions, the Band has received permission to take its name and wear its uniform.
The Band will therefore be known as the Caverly Volunteer Band.
It consists of A. Rangoni, Manager, Cornet-a-pistons; Angelo Lagomarsino, Basso; Francesco Volpi, Clarinetto; Giacinto Gagliardi, Flauto; Giovanni Abba, Trombone; Allessandro Belloni, Basso; and Giovanni Grenno, Casa. Herr Ellerner [? Elsasser] will preside at the piano . . .

Outward passenger index, October 1854; Public Record Office of Victoria

[Giovanni Abba, 29, and Maria Abba, 30, per Charlotte, for Valparaiso]

ASSOCIATIONS: Giacinto Gagliardi; ? Charles Elsasser

ABBOTT, Charles D. (Charles D. ABBOTT; Mr. C. D. ABBOTT)

American violinist, musical director, composer, minstrel serenader (Backus Minstrels)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 October 1855 (per Audobon, from San Francisco, 9 August, and Honolulu, 8 September)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 7 April 1856 (per What Cheer, for San Francisco)
Died LaSalle, Illinois, USA, 20 May 1864 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], Buffalo Morning Express and Illustrated Buffalo Express [Buffalo, NY, USA] (15 June 1849), 2

. . . CONCERT HALL, Monday Evening, June 18, 1849, KIMBERLY'S OPERATIC TROUPE!
THE UNRIVALLED Campbell Minstrels. The originators of their own Music, Dances . . . consisting of the following well known musicians . . .
Mr. A. H. BARRY . . . Mr. J. H. HERMAN . . . Mr. L. M. BURDETT . . . Mr. T. WALLACE . . . Mr. A. H. PEEL . . .
Mr. C. D. ABBOTT, First Violin, and author of "The Colored Orphan Boy," "Abbott's Quick Step," "Nancy Teare," "Abbott's Polka," &c.
Mr. J. H. BURDETT . . . Mr. L. V. H. CROSBY . . . AND . . . THE INIMITABLE LUKE WEST . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", Empire (24 October 1855), 4 

October 33. - Audubon, American ship, 531 tons, Captain Arthur, from San Francisco August 9, and Honolulu September 8. Passengers - . . . Mr. C. Backus, Charles Abbott, W. Barker, D. F. Boley, S. C. Campbell, Bryant, Porter, Morgan, Burbank . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (29 October 1855), 4

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. THIS EVENING, Monday, October 2Dth, 1865, the entertainments will commence with tho unrivalled performances of the BACKUS MINSTRELS, Characters by Messrs. Charles Backus, S. C. Campbell, W. M. Parker, Jerry Bryant, C. D. Abbott, A. Morgan, W. A. Porter, D. F. Roley, O. N. Burbank . . .

"COPPIN'S OLYMPIC", The Argus (17 December 1855), 5

. . . Mr. Abbott is a violinist of superior ability, besides being in every respect an accomplished musician. The part music is deliciously rendered . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1856), 1

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. Grand Complimentary Benefit and Last Appearance of the Backus Minstrels . . . April 5th, Farewell Concert . . . Violin Solo - C. D. Abbott . . . Violin Solo - C. D. Abbott . . .

"DEPARTURES", The Shipping Gazette and Sydney General Trade List (14 April 1856), 66 

April 7, - What Cheer, barque, 384 tons, Captain Baker, for San Francisco. Passengers - Messrs. C. Backus, F. Moran, A. Morgan, W. M. Baker, O. N. Furbank, T. R. Morgan, S. A. Campbell, J. Bryant, Abbott, W. Bryant, Hyman . . .

"NEGRO MINSTRELSY", New York Clipper (4 June 1864), 6 

Mr. CHARLES D. ABBOTT, late violinist with the Ryan Minstrels from Milwaukee, died at the hotel in Lassell, Ill. The company left him behind on the 7th of April, and he died May 20th. He was buried by the landlord of the hotel.

Musical works (US editions only):,_C._D. 

Bibliography and resources:

"CHARLES BACKUS [with portrait illustration]", New York Clipper (30 June 1883), 4 

. . . in the Summer of 1854 he organized a minstrel company known as the Backus Minstrels, who performed in San Francisco Hall, on Washington street, between Montgomery and Kearney. C. D. Abbott was the musical-director . . . In 1855 Mr. Backus decide to visit Australia, and formed a company for that purpose . . . In Australia the Backus troupe met with so much success that they made an extended tour of all the colonies. In 1856 they returned to San Francisco . . .

"CHARLEY BACKUS' MINSTRELS IN HOBART TOWN, VAN DIEMAN'S LAND, in 1856", New York Clipper (15 September 1877), 4 

. . . C . D . Abbott died in Lasalle, Ill., May 20, 1864 . . .

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy, from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 74 

C. D. Abbott was a prominent musician of the early days of minstrelsy, when those performers were artists in their respective lines, and each one was a soloist. He died at La Salle, Ill., May 20, 1864.

"Early history of Negro minstrelsy, its rise and progress in the United States, by Col. T. Allston Brown", New York Clipper (25 May 1912), 10 


Amateur musician, bandmaster

Born Leamington Priors, Warwickshire, England, 31 October 1827; baptised, Calvanistic Methodist Chapel, 25 November 1827, son of Eli and Matilda ABBOTT
Married Emma Martha WITT (c. 1824-1885), Salisbury, England, 1851
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1854 (wife and daughters arrived later per Ivanhoe in March 1855)
Active Beechworth, VIC, ? 1852
Died Beechworth, VIC, 16 May 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


Register of baptisms, Warwickshire, Calvinistic Methodist; UK National Archives, RG4 

Eli son of Eli Abbott and Matilda his wife, was born the 31st day October 1827 in the Parish of Leamington Priors in the county of warwick and was baptised the 25th day of November 1827 by C. Bassano.

England census, 30 March 1851; Wiltshire, Salisbury St. Thomas; UK National Archives, HO 107/1847 

64 / High Street / Eli Abbott / Head / 24 / Linen & Woollen Draper / Warwickshire Leamington
Emma [Abbott] / Wife / 24 / [Linen & Woollen Draper] / Wilts. Salisbury . . .

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (14 March 1857), 2

The first concert of this society took place last evening at the Wesleyan School room, Ford street. Pressure of business prevented our attending, but we are informed by a gentleman who was there, and who ought to be a good judge in such matters, that the performances were excellent. Mrs. Nicklin is reported to have sung the solo, "Angels ever bright and fair," with a sweetness and clearness of voice not to be met with every day. Mr. Higgins too, we are assured, deserves honorable mention in connection with the performances of last evening, the pleasures of which were, it is said, greatly enhanced by the excellent music of the amateur brass band; and we can ourselves bear testimony to the proficiency and creditable performances of the amateur band, of which our highly respected townsman, Mr. Eli Abbott is the leader, and we believe the founder.

"DIED", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (18 May 1861), 2

On the 16th instant, at his residence, in Camp street, Mr. Eli Abbott, one of the oldest inhabitants of this town, aged 35 years. Much and deservedly respected by all who knew him.

"FUNERAL OF MR. ELI ABBOTT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (22 May 1861), 2

"OLD MEMORIES", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (20 October 1906), 8 

. . . Music is still in the air. From the other side of the town, during the week day evening, comes another familiar face that has passed away - Mr. Eli Abbott, the originator of the Beechworth Brass Band. He built a round summer-house, with thatched roof, in his garden, where they assembled for practice, and strains were heard from his trombone almost every evening. Some wag wrote a song on a ball that was held on St. Patrick's Day. It ended thus -

The tradesmen all were at the ball,
But Eli stopped away;
And he played on his old trombone
In his round-house, all alone.
And play on he must,
Though his biler will bust;
And he played on his old trombone.


Songwriter, lyricist, artist, public servant

Born Parramatta, NSW, c. 1803
Died Hobart Town, TAS, 10 July 1875 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Francis Hartwell Henslowe


The song of the fair emigrant; written by John Abbott; composed by F. H. Henslowe (Hobart Town: R. V. Hood, 1854) (DIGITISED)

The dying soldier's legacy, a song of the war, the words by John Abbott, the music by F. Hartwell Henslowe (Hobart Town: Huxtable & Deakin, [1855]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

"John Abbott", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO) 

ABECCO, Raffaele (Raffaele ABECCO; Raphael ABECCO)

Tenor vocalist, harpist, violinist, minstrel, serenader

Born Holland (Netherlands), c. 1835/36
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 31 January 1865 (per Osprey, from San Francisco, 22 November 1864)
Departed Bunbury, WA, June 1869 (per Sea Ripple for Singapore)
Died Chicago, USA, 3 January 1879, aged 42 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)


England census, 30 March 1851, Cheshire, Macclesfield, Rainow; UK National Archives, H.O. 107/2159 

Market Place / Robert Clarke / Head / 34 / Victualer . . .
Michelangelo Di Leonardo / Lodger / 35 / Musician / Holland
Antonio Abecco / [Lodger] / 38 / [Musician] / [Holland]
Vincent [Abecco] / [Lodger] / 36 / [Musician] / [Holland]
Raffaele [Abecco] / [Lodger] / 16 / [Musician] / [Holland]
Francesco Di Leonardo / [Lodger] / 12 / [Musician] / [Holland] . . .

"LATEST SHIPPING NEWS . . . ARRIVALS", Sydney Mail (4 February 1865), 9 

Otprey, Columbian schooner, 600 tons, Captain Cornfoot, from San Francisco 22nd November. Passengers . . . Signor Raffaele Abecco; and 16 in the steerage.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1865), 1

  [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 February 1865), 1

"THE CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Empire (21 February 1865), 4

"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1865), 7

"THE ORIGINAL CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Empire (27 February 1865), 5

"CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Portland Guardian (23 September 1867), 2

[News], Evening Post (24 October 1867), 2

Many persons will remember a stout gentleman of Saxon countenance rejoicing in the rank and name of Signor Raphael Abecco, who, in the early part of the year, visited Wellington with a musical company. Mr. Abecco is now in Melbourne as manager of some Christy's Minstrels, at whose hands, by all accounts, he has suffered very badly in purse and in person. The Minstrels, it would appear, have made an unsuccessful tour through the Western districts of Victoria, and poor Abecco had not the wherewithal to pay their salaries. The members thereupon waxed wroth and took their moneys worth out of him by an assault. Abecco appealed to the law, and his assailants were fined £5 each, with the alternative of 6 weeks imprisonment. One of them, named Taylor, was unable to pay, but offered the Bench his gold watch; unaccountably, however, the presiding justice declined converting the Court into a Mont de Piete, and refused the security.

"SIGNOR ABECCO'S CONCERT. TO THE EDITOR", The South Australian Advertiser (24 February 1868), 2

"STRATHABLYN", South Australian Chronicle (30 May 1868), 7

"WELLINGTON", The Inquirer & Commercial News (23 June 1869), 3

"BUNBURY", The Perth Gazette (25 June 1869), 2

The Sea Ripple, chartered by Mr. Gillman, has completed her loading, and cleared out for Singapore. Her cargo consists of sandalwood and horses; she also takes as cabin passengers Signor and Madame Abecco.

"WEST AUSTRALIAN THEATRICALS. (To the Editor . . .)", The Western Australian Times (13 February 1877), 2

"THE DEATH OF RAFAEL ABECCO . . .", New York Clipper (25 January 1879), 351 [7] 

THE DEATH OF RAFAEL ABECCO is confirmed by our Chicago, Ill., correspondent, who writes that he died at 190 Peoria street, in that city, Jan. 3, after an illness of one week's duration. His remains were buried in calvary Cemetery, the Masons defraying the expenses. The members of the companies of the Academy, Metropolitan and Hamlin's Theatres furnished the means to send the widow to New York City. Mr. Abecco was a skillful performer upon the harp, a good tenor vocalist, and a composer of some merit. He had been a long time before the public. On Aug. 27, 1860, he opened with Sanford's Opera Troupe in Philadelphia. During the season of 1861-62 he was a member of the Canterbury Minstrels, at 585 Broadway, in this city. July 7, 1862, he opened with Wood's Minstrels, 514 Broadway. In 1863 he was a manager of Birch, Cotton, Abecco Wells & Co.'s Minstrels, playing in the Eureka Theatre, San Francisco, Cal. He remained there during 1864, performing with Birch, Wambold, Backus, Coes, Jennie Worrell and others. Mr. E. H. Harvey, a minstrel manager residing in Boston, Mass., furnishes us with some information concerning his career in foreign lands. Leaving San Francisco, he went to Sydney, N.S.W., arriving there in 1865. He joined Smith, Brown & Collins' Christy Minstrels, and played with them in the principal cities of the Australian colonies. Owing to a disagreement with the management, he left them in Hobart Town, Tasmania, and then gave concerts with Rogers the comedian and his daughter through that province. The enterprise not proving pecuniarly successful, he returned to Melbourne, and joined Harvey and La Feuillade's Minstrels, remaining with them five months. He next went to New Zealand with the late Tommy Peel, and in 1866 returned to Melbourne, where he joined Harvey, La Feuillade's and Rainford's Minstrels, with whom he continued until 1867. He then engaged to go to India with Harvey & Nish; but an accident prevented his going, and he made another tour of Australia with John E. Taylor and others, and in 1868 sailed for Western Australia, Singapore and China, where he played for one year, joining Dave Carson, Harvey and Burton in Bombay, India, in 1870, and going with them to Colombo, Ceylon. He left them there after playing three weeks, and sailed from Colombo for South Africa with W. W. Allen . . . They played in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth and Grahamstown, and while in the last-named place he retired from the profession and became the proprietor of the Masonic Hotel, which he kept during 1871 and part of 1872 . . . in 1872 he sailed for St. Helena, where he was wrecked. He then returned directly to the United States . . . His last engagement was with Billy Emerson's Minstrels, and he left that company in Clinton, Ia., Dec. 25, 1878, to go to his home, in Chicago, Ill., for a few days' rest, as he was suffering from a carbuncle on the back of his neck, and erysipelas subsequently set in and caused his death.

"SIGNOR ABECCO", The Western Australian Times (25 April 1879), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 118:

Sig. Raphael Abecco gained distinction in minstrelsy chiefly for his excellent performance on the harp: but was also a fine tenor singer, and a composer of repute. As early as October 20, 1857, he was with Matt. Peel's Minstrels, and continued with Peel until the latter's death in 1859. August 27, 1860, he began a season's engagement at Sanford's Minstrels in Philadelphia; in the Spring of 1861 fulfilling a short season with Unsworth's Minstrels; he returned to Sanford's for the season of 1861-62. July 7, 1862, he opened with Wood's Minstrels in New York City, and in 1863 Birch, Cotton, Wells and Abecco's Minstrels inaugurated their season in San Francisco. In 1865 he sailed for Australia and remained abroad until 1872. January 9, 1875 he opened with Simmons and Slocum's Minstrels in Philadelphia, and the following season was a member of Simmons, Slocum and Sweatnam's Minstrels in the same city. His last engagement was with Emerson's Minstrels, December 25, 1878. Sig. Abecco was of foreign birth; he died in Chicago, Ill., January 3, 1879; age 42 years.

John Franceschina, David Braham: the American Offenbach (London and New York: Routledge, 2003), 6, 9, 20-22 (PREVIEW)

ABRAHAM, Jemima (Jemima ABRAHAM; Miss J. ABRAHAM; Miss ABRAHAMS; Mrs. William ELLIS)

Pianist, professor of the pianoforte

Born Staffordshire, England, 15 April 1833; daughter of Abraham ABRAHAM (1806-1878) and Eliza Ann SHAW (1808-1876)
Active Hanley, Staffordshire, England, by 1846
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 December 1848 (per St. George from London and the Downs, 20 August)
Married William ELLIS (d. 1875), Sydney, NSW, 12 April 1854
Died Croydon Parl, NSW, 27 February 1915 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"Miss Abrahams . . . from the Royal Academy [of Music], London" made her first and only documented appearance in Sydney at John Philip Deane's concert on 30 March 1849, playing Herz's Variations brillantes sur la la cavatine favorite La Violette de Carafa, op. 48

She had given her first public performances at Henley, in her native Staffordshire, in the mid 1840s as a pupil of the local pianist George Simpson. According to her Sydney advertisement in June 1849 she had also been a pupil of Sophie Lebrun Dulken.


Register of baptisms, Caroline Street Chapel (Independent), Lane End, Stoke on Trent, 1819-37; UK National Archives 

1833 / Jemima / Daughter / [born] April 15th 1833 / Market Street, Lane End, in the Parish / Abraham family / [mother] Elizabeth Abraham Shaw / Druggist / [baptised] May 10th 1833 . . .

[Advertisement], Staffordshire Advertiser [England] (23 May 1846), 1

TOWN HALL, HANLEY. THE HUTCHINSON FAMILY, GEORGE SIMPSON has the honour announce . . . TWO GRAND CONCERTS . . . on the evenings of Thursday and Friday, the 21st and 22nd May, 1846. Miss ABRAHAM, Pupil of G. Simpson, will perform Concertos on the Piano Forte . . .

"THE HUTCHINSON FAMILY", Staffordshire Advertiser (23 May 1846), 3

The visit of these vocalists to Hanley, next Thursday and Friday evenings, is anticipated with real interest . . . In the course of each evening's concert there will be brilliant piano-forte performances by Mr. George Simpson, the conductor, and Miss Abrahams (one of his pupils) . . .

"STOKE-UPON-TRENT ATHENAEUM", Staffordshire Advertiser (22 April 1848), 5

. . . We observe, that . . . the committee have made arrangements for a grand evening concert, to be given in the Town Hall, on the evening of Easter Tuesday, for which occasion they have engaged the able services of Mr. Pearsall . . . Miss Abraham, youthful pianist; and Mr. Hughes, the celebrated performer the opheclide . . .

"STOKE-UPON-TRENT ATHENAEUM", Staffordshire Advertiser (29 April 1848), 8

There was an excellent attendance the concert, arranged under the auspices of the Athenaeum Committee, in the Magistrates' room of the Town Hall, Stoke, on Tuesday evening [25 April] . . . Mr. Pearsall was, of course, the great attraction. His "vocal entertainment" being replete with biographical notices, anecdote, and musical illustration, afforded great delight . . . Miss Abraham's execution of two fantasias on the pianoforte was clever. Mr. G. Simpson, the conductor, presided at the pianoforte . . .

[Advertisement], Staffordshire Advertiser (20 May 1848), 1

GRAND CONCERT IN AID OF THE POOR. G. SIMPSON has the honour to announce that . . . he will give a GRAND SACRED CONCERT, in the TOWN HALL, HANLEY, On TUESDAY EVENING, May 23, in aid of the Fund for Relieving the Poor of Hanley and Shelton, for which occasion he has secured the following distinguished talent: - MR. PEARSALL, (Of Her Majesty's Concerts, Exeter Hall, and Lichfield Cathedral,) who will sing several beautiful eomuositions of Handel, Rossini, Mozart . . . MISS ABRAHAM (Pupil of Mr. G. Simpson,) will perform two Grand Solos on the Pianoforte . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Maitland Mercury (13 December 1848), 2

8 - St. George, ship, 605 tons, Captain Jones, from London, having left the Downs the 20th August. Passengers - Right Rev. Dr Davis . . . Mr. and Mrs. Abrahams, three sons and three daughters, Mr. W. Abrahams, and two Misses Abrahams . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1849), 3 

MUSIC. MISS J. ABRAHAM, Professor of the Pianoforte, lately arrived from England, 382, George-street, opposite the Savings' Bank.

Advertising', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 9 February, p. 1. , viewed 01 Feb 2020,

BY the request of several friends, Miss ABRAHAM most respectfully informs them and the public generally, that her School will be opened on Monday, the 12th instant.
Music taught by Miss J. Abraham, Professor of the Pianoforte.
Terms on application. 582, George-street, February 8.

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (24 March 1849), 3

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 March 1849), 2

Our veteran musician, of twenty-seven years standing, is about to give his usual annual Concert, on Friday evening next, at the Victoria Theatre. Upon reading over the programme we are glad to observe the names of all our old favorites, besides that of Miss Abrahams, a young lady just arrived from the Royal Academy, London, of whom report speaks very favorably. We extract the following from the Staffordshire Mercury: - "Least but not last, we would name the infantile Miss Abrahams, of Longton, who is truly a musical prodigy. On each evening the little fairy played a brilliant Fantasia in a style which would have puzzled many children of a larger growth."

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1849), 1 

Mr. Deane will be assisted by Mrs. Guerin, Mrs. Ximenes, Miss Abrahams (her first appearance), from the Royal Academy, London; Messrs. J. and F. Howson, Messrs. Deane, Guerin, Friedlander, Strong, Turner, Vaughan, Hudson, Ducros, Wright; and by the kind permission of Colonel Bloomfield and officers, the splendid BAND OF THE 11th REGIMENT.
PROGRAMME. PART I . . . 4. Solo. Pianoforte.- La Violette - Hertz [Herz] - Miss Abrahams . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1849), 3 

We were glad to see that notwithstanding the "hard times" the people of Australia know how to appreciate and support talent and industry when opportunity occurs. The appearance of the Victoria on Friday evening last must have convinced every one present of this fact, the circles being crowded to excess by a most fashionable audience. Miss Abrahams made a very successful debut having been deservedly encored, she appears a very clever child, and will, if she persevere in her profession, become and ornament to it . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT. To the editors", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 April 1849), 3

GENTLEMEN, - In your issue of Wednesday appears a paragraph respecting Mr. Deane's Concert, wherein the debutante, Miss Abrahams, is spoken of as a promising child. This being calculated to do Miss A. a most serious injury as a professor and teacher of music, I beg to state through the medium of your widely circulated Journal, that Miss A., so far from being a promising child, is a young lady of sufficiently matured age to enact the teacher to a number of pupils, and has been pronounced not only a proficient in the art of music, but a pianist of more than ordinary ability by the most competent judges here and in the mother country. TRUTH. Thursday, April 6.

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (7 April 1849), 2

. . . Of the performers we feel ourselves first called on to make mention of Miss Abrahams, a young lady who has acquired considerable fame in England as a pianiste. Her performance on Friday fully established the favorable reports of her capabilities; she played with great precision and execution and received a unanimous encore. The instrument is not of a nature to allow the display of much feeling, piano-forte playing being little more than a mechanical acquirement . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1849), 5 

MISS J. ABRAHAM, Professor of the Pianoforte, Pupil of the celebrated Madame Dulckens, London, respectfully intimates to the Gentry and Public of Sydney, that she will recommence her duties on Monday next, July 2nd, and will give lessons in Music, on a new, correct, and pleasing style, 382, George-street, Opposite the Savings' Bank.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1854), 8 

At the Wesleyan Chapel, York-street, by the Rev. Mr. Hull, Jemima, second daughter of Abraham Abraham, Esq., chemist, &c., George-street, to William Ellis, Esq., of the firm of Fairfax and Co.

[Obituary] "CHURCH TRIUMPHANT. JEMIMA ELLIS", The Methodist (15 May 1915), 14 

Mrs. Ellis was born at Langton, Staffordshire, England, on April 12th, 1833, and died at Croydon Park on February 27th, 1915, aged almost 82. She arrived in Sydney in 1847 [recte 1848], and resided there until 1868, when she removed to Mudgee, where she lived for many years. In the early part of 1850 she was converted at Old York Street, and received her first ticket of membership in March that year. From, that time until the end of her life she was a most devoted and loyal member of the Methodist Church. In Mudgee she was organist of our Church for 20 years, and in that position, also as a teacher in the Sunday School, as a leader of a class of young women, and in many other ways she rendered very valuable and much appreciated service . . .

ABRAHAMS, Isaac (Isaac ABRAHAMS; "Ikey the Fiddler")

Musician, music master, violinist, fiddler, convict

Born Maidstone, England, 1798
Sentenced Middlesex Sessions, England, 12-19 September 1825 (transportation 7 years)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 13 August 1826 (per Earl St Vincent, from England, 20 April) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"MIDDLESEX SESSIONS. MONDAY", Morning Post [London, England] (20 September 1825), 2

Isaac Abrahams was indicted for fraud, in calling on the mother of a prisoner confined in the House of Correction, who had heen sentenced for uttering bad coin. The prisoner said that for 3s. 6d. he would procure bail for her son for his good behaviour, his imprisonment having expired, but he could not be set at liberty without bail. - Guilty. The CHAIRMAN animadverted in strong terms an the enormity of depriving poor people of their small property by such infamous imposture, and sentenced the prisoner to transportation for seven years.

"MIDDLESEX SESSIONS. SEPT. 19", the Star [London] (20 September 1825), 3

. . . Isaac Abrahams was . . . convicted of a fraud in going to Rachael Lazarus, and undertaking, upon receipt of 3s. 6d. to procure bail for her son . . .

Convict record and description, Isaac Abrahams, Earl St. Vincent, 1826; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1368053$init=CON31-1-1p61$init=CON23-1-1-P004 

[Government gazette], Colonial Times (14 December 1831), 4

THE undermentioned prisoner having absconded from their places of residence . . . Isaac Abrahams, 5 ft, 5 1/2 ins, dark brown hair, dark brown eyes, aged 33 years, a musician, tried at Middlesex in Sept. 1825, sentenced 7 years, per Earl St. Vincent, native of Middlesex, scar on forehead over left eyebrow, scar back of left arm, absconded from G. C. Clark, Esq. Dec. 1831. Reward £2.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Carr Clark (of Ellinthorp Hall, Ross)

"APPREHENDED", The Hobart Town Courier (17 December 1831), 2

. . . 226 Isaac Abrahams . . .

"THE GAZETTE . . . CERTIFICATES", The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (8 March 1833), 4 

. . . Isaac Abrahams . . .

[Public advertisement], Colonial Times (12 March 1833), 4

The undermentioned persons having duly executed bonds of qualification, have been licensed as Auctioneers and Vendue Masters for the County of Cornwall . . . Isaac Abrahams . . .

"LAUNCESTON POLICE", The Cornwall Chronicle (17 November 1838), 3

Isaac Abrahams, alias "Ikey the Fiddler", a well known character, was fined £10 and costs, for harbouring a female assigned servant of Mr. Pyle's.

"SLY GROG SELLING", Launceston Courier (17 May 1841), 2 

A man named Isaac Abrahams better known as "Ikey the fiddler," was fined in the sum of twenty-five pounds, for sly grog selling on Friday. We quite approve of this Act on the part of our New Police Magistrate. Major Wentwort would have allowed this man to escape with the lowest penalty.

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (10 February 1842), 2 

Notice to Isaac Abrahams.
NOTICE is hereby, given, that unless Isaac Abrahams, takes away within 21 days from this date, a fiddle and bow left at my residence, to secure the payment of Board and Lodging due to me, it will be sold by Public Auction to defray the same;
Witness, - JANE HUTTONS.

? "ARRIVALS", Australasian Chronicle (11 May 1843), 3 

MAY 10. - From Launceston, having left the 2nd instant, the brig William, 149 tons, Captain Thom, with sundries. Passengers - Mr. Isaac Abraham . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Isaac Abrahams, one of 160 convicts transported on the Earl St Vincent, 20 April 1826; Convict records

John Levi, These are the names: Jewish lives in Australia, 1788-1850, second edition (Melbourne: Miegunyah Press, 2013), [1775] (PREVIEW)

ADALL, Richard (Richard ADALL)


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856 (shareable link to this entry)


"POLICE. CITY COURT", The Argus (12 December 1856), 6

Richard Adall was charged with being drunk, and having a sword-stick in his possession. The prisoner was creating a disturbance, on the preceding day, in the Royal Mail Hotel, Swanston-street, and sprung the sword-stick, but apparently without any mischievous intention. He is a musician. Upon expressing his contrition, he was fined 20s., or three days' imprisonment.


Instrumentalist (theatrical orchestra)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1843, 1845 (shareable link to this entry)

ASSOCIATIONS: Spencer Wellington Wallace (leader); John Gibbs (leader)


"THE DRAMA. THE CITY THEATRE", The Sun and New South Wales Independent Press (20 May 1843), 3

. . . The Orchestra comprises the following instrumental Performers: - Mr. S. Wallace, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Walton, Mr. Wallace, senior; Mr. Portbury, Mr. Walker, Mr. Adams, Mr. Wright, Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Strong, and Mr. Andrews.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1845), 2

. . . The Orchestra - Mr. J. Gibbs, Leader; Mr. S. W. Wallace, Mr. Deane, Mr. Friedlander, Mr. E. Deane, Mr. W. Deane, Mr. Westroppe, Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Turner, Mr. Vaughan, Mr. Adams, and Mr. Wright.

[Advertisement], Morning Chronicle (28 May 1845), 3

. . . The Theatrical Band will comprehend Messrs. O'Flaherty, Deane, E. Deane. W. Deane, Turner, Friedlander, Westrip, Adams, Wright, Vaughan . . .

ADAMS, Frederick (Frederick ADAMS; Fred. ADAMS; Mr. F. ADAMS)

Amateur vocalist (Longford Philharmonic Society)

Active Longford, TAS, by 1860 (shareable link to this entry)


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (25 April 1860), 7

Longford Philharmonic Society.
MEMBERS are reminded that subscriptions for the current quarter (ending 30th June) are due, and are requested to pey them at their earliest convenience. Subscribers to the Piano will oblige by forwarding the amount of their shares as soon es psseible, as a suitable instrument has been purchased.
Frederick Adams, Treasurer.
Newry, April 21.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (2 February 1861), 7 

THE FIFTH CONCERT of this Society, will take place in the Princess Theatre, on Thursday next, the 22nd inst.
Conductor - Mr. Horace Laws.
Pianist - Mr Leffler.
Tickets to non-subscribers, 2s. each, to be obtained from Messrs. Laws, Kemp, and J. Smith, Longford; R. Sharpe, Launceston; and the Post Offices Perth and Cressy.
Members can obtain three FREE tickets of admission by presenting their tickets of membership at the Post Office, Longford.
Doors open at half-past seven p.m. Concert to commence at eight o'clock.
Tbe following is the programme:-
Part 1.
Gloria - Mozart.
Et resurrexit - Mozart.
Sanctus - Mozart.
Children, pray this love to cherish - Spohr.
Worthr is the Lamb - Handel.
Hallelujah - Handel.
Part II.
The Lay of the Bell - Romberg.
Part III.
From Oberon in Fairy Land - Stevens.
Onward, onward thro' the water - Kucken.
Sweet Peace descending - Mozart.
The National Anthem.
FRED. ADAMS, Hon. Sec. Aug 17.

"LONGFORD", Launceston Examiner (29 April 1895), 6

. . . the first society was started here about 35 years ago, under the joint conductorship of Mr. [John] Adams, of Launceston, and Mr. Horace Laws, of Longford, Mr. Fred. Adams subsequently taking the command. This was named the Philharmonic Society, and included in its ranks members of some of the old Longford families, such as the Misses Kirby, Clerke, Archer, Noake, Paton, and others, rehearsals and concerts being held in an iron store, near the site of the old windmill, just off Wellington-street.


Professor of music, singing instructor, choral conductor, composer (pupil of George Elvey)

Born Windsor, Berkshire, England, c. 1820-23
Arrived Launceston, TAS, by March 1853
Married Maria Rebecca LANDALE (1836-1919), Launceston, TAS, 31 October 1857
Died Launceston, TAS, 11 August 1861, "aged 38" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


John Adams was born in Windsor, Berkshire, c. 1820/21. He was a chorister at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and, when George Elvey took over as organist there in 1835, Adams became his first articled pupil. At the time of the 1841 census, Adams, aged 20, described as a "musician apprentice", was living at New Windsor with his uncle, Thomas Adams (c.1788-1871), a builder and later a longserving Windsor alderman, and his family.

On completing his training with Elvey, he took the post of organist of St. Mary's church, Henley-on-Thames. In February 1843, Adams returned to Windsor as organist at a command oratorio concert that Elvey gave before queen Victoria and prince Albert on their wedding anniversary, and which included selection from Spohr's The last judgement and Mendelssohn's St. Paul. He was next organist at St. Mary's church, Wimbledon, from where, in 1849-50, he contributed three items to Jospeh Warren's The chanter's hand-guide, including two of his own composition, a Double chant in D, and a Double chant in G minor.

Suffering severly from consumption, he followed medical advice and emigrated to Australia for his health, probably leaving England in mid to late 1852. He had evidently arrived in Launceston, Tasmania, by March 1853, when he advertised that he would supply local patrons with pianos "selected by a first-rate man in London", giving as his address care of the merchant importer Arthur Marriott, who, as a leading musical amateur, would remain one of his closest friends and colleagues.

Though, according to a later report, he also spent a short time in Sydney and Melbourne, by autumn 1854 he had evidently decided on settling permanently in Launceston.

On 29 May 1854, in St. John's schoolroom, Adams gave lecture on church music, in which he addressed "the causes that had brought congregational singing to its present most degraded state". Clearly aligning himself with the high church reforms of Anglican choral revivalists, he nominated composers and hymn collectors who had particularly contibuted to the malaise (William Jackson, William Matthews, John Rippon, Thomas Walker, and others), and hymn tunes that he described as "secular disgraces" (Portmsouth New, Devizes, and Shirland).


England, to 1852

England census, 1841, New Windsor, Berkshire; UK National Archives, H.O. 107/37/9 

Thos. Adams / 52 / Builder / [all born New Windsor]
Ann [Adams] 55 // Ann [Adams] / 19 // Charlotte [Adams] 18 /
John [Adams] / 20 / Musician Ap. . . .

England census, 30 March 1851; Wimbledon, Surrey; UK National Archives, H.O. 107/1603 

The Village High Street / Gilbert Love / Head / 38 / Surgeon . . .
John Adams / Visitor / 31 / Musical Professor / [born] Windsor . . .

[Windsor and Eton], Berkshire Chronicle (17 July 1841), 3

On Sunday last [11 July] a sermon was preached at the parish church by the Rev. G. A. Selwyn . . . On this occasion, by the kind permission of the Hon. and very Rev. the Dean of Windsor, the whole of the choristers of St. George's Chapel attended, and in the course of the evening sang with great taste one of handel's beautiful hymns and an anthem, "Lord, what love have I" (Kent) in which the voices of Masters Foster and Winterbottom had a most powerful effect upon all present. Mr. Adams, the organist of Henley, and who had officiated at St. George's Chapel the same day before her Majesty and the Court, presided at the organ; and we have much pleasure in alluding to the efficient manner in which this talented pupil of Dr. Elvey conducted the musical department.

ASSOCIATIONS: G. A. Selwyn (later bishop of New Zealand)

"GRAND CONCERT AT WINDSOR CASTLE", Reading Mercury (11 February 1843), 3

Friday [10 February] being the anniversary of the marriage ot Her Majesty with his Royal Highness Prince Albert . . . Her Majesty gave grand dinner party. At the conclusion of the banquet her Majesty and his Royal Highness Prince Albert, with the distinguished visiters and members of the royal household, proceeded to the splendid red drawing-room, where a grand concert of vocal and instrumental music took place. Her Majesty's private band, which was led by Mr. Anderson, and assisted by Messrs. Henry and William Blagrove, (the celebrated violin players from London,) performed several pieces selected from the works of some of the most eminent composers of the present day. The vocal department, which was conducted Dr. Elvey, private organist to her Majesty and the organist of St. George's Chapel, comprised the following members of the choir of St. George: - Messrs. Salmon, Palmer, Harris, French, Mitchell, Turner, and Lockey; and also the following choristers: - Masters Foster, Schroder, Thorburn, and Hawkins; and Mr. John Adams, the organist at Henley. The concert concluded with the National Anthem; and her Majesty and the Prince, with their distinguished guests, then retired. The vocal and instrumental performers (to the number of thirty-six) afterwards partook of elegant supper, which had been prepared for them in the steward's room . . .

"CONCERT AT WINDSOR CASTLE", Windsor and Eton Express (11 February 1843), 4

. . . when were performed a selection from Spohr's oratorio of the "Last Judgment," and Mendelssohn's oratorio of "St. Paul."

Tasmania, 1853-61:

? [Advertisement], Colonial Times (12 February 1853), 2 

Sir- We, the Cabin Passengers in a recent trip to the land of gold, beg to present you with the enclosed Silver Snuff-Box, as a small memento of our esteem and admiration of your kind, gentlemanly, and seaman-like conduct during the voyage . . . Sir, yours, Messrs. James Young, senr., William Young, Phillip Young, James Burton, John Shilton, John Adams . . .

? "LAUNCESTON, 4TH MARCH", The Courier (5 March 1853), 2 

Owing to the delay caused by the arrival of the Clarence yesterday [from Melbourne], at low water, and the consequent difficulty of getting on board, I was unable to send my letter yesterday. The following are the steamer's cabin passengers:- Rev. R. K. Ewing, Mr. J. Atkinson and Miss Atkinson, Mr. and Mrs. Patterson, Mr. and Mrs. Turner, Messrs. J. S. Hadfield, C. Peters, D. Dyer, J. Adams . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (29 March 1853), 2

PIANOFORTES. - The undersigned having made the necessary arrangements with the most eminent London manufacturers, with whom he has been professionally connected for some years, is prepared, during his stay in the colonies, to execute commissions for the above instruments.
Any one availing himself of this opportunity will derive the advantage of having a piano selected by a first-rate professional man in London, and thus procure an instrument of the very best construction, and of far superior quality to those usually sent to the colonies.
Address to A. J. Marriott, Esq., Launceston, who will furnish all information.
JOHN ADAMS, Late of Her Majesty's Chapel Royal, Windsor. March 26.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (9 May 1854), 1 

Launceston Mechanics' Institute.
THE Committee have great pleasure in announcing that the following gentlemen have consented to ideliver lectures during the present session . . .
John Adams, Esq. - One lecture, subject "The Study of Music" . . .

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (1 June 1854), 2 

According to promise we give in this number an outline of the lecture delivered by Mr. Adams, at St. John's School-room, on Monday evening [29 May] . . .

"TO THE EDITOR . . . CHURCH MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (3 June 1854), 2-3 

SIR,- Having been present at the lecture on church music delivered by Mr. Adams, on Monday evening last I am desirous of making a few remarks on the subject . . . The apathy and indifference (not the inability), of the congregations in this town, are the causes that music is at so low an ebb, as it was obvious to any person attending the lecture that if the ladies and gentlemen who assisted Mr. Adams had united in the endeavor to improve the singing in the churches to which they individually belong, they must have succeeded. As a remedy for the present degraded state of church music, Mr. Adams suggests choral meetings . . . [3] . . . I fully agree with Mr. Adams that congregational psalmody should be as plain and simple as possible, and that fugues and intricacies of all kinds should be avoided. I also agree in great measure with his observations regarding tunes which repeat the whole, or what is far worse, a part of a line; but I cannot join him in condemning all the composers he has named, who, it must be remembered, composed for and to suit the taste of the age in which they lived, and not for the 16th century. One gentleman certainly did not merit the censures pronounced; viz., Rippon. Dr. Rippon was no composer, but a minister of religion. The book of tunes which bears his name was collected, arranged, and in part composed by Mr. Walker, whose name, with that of Jackson, Stanley and Matthews, will live as long as the science of music itself shall last. In closing this letter, I beg to subscribe myself one of a class of whom Mr. Adams has expressed a perfect horror, viz.,

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (8 July 1854), 7

MR. JOHN ADAMS, Professor of Music,
HAVING taken up his residence in Launceston, is prepared to receive Pupils in Town or country, and give instructions in Singing, Organ and Pianoforte playing, Harmony, and the Elements of Musical composition. Mr. Adams having had much experience in England, in the regulating and conducting of choral and other musical societies for the cultivation of either sacred or secular music, will undertake similar duties here.
Schools and Musical classes attended in or near Launceston.
For terms, &c., apply to Mr. Adams, St. John's Square, July 4.

"CHAUNTING AT TRINITY CHURCH", The People's Advocate or True Friend of Tasmania (19 April 1855), 3 

Marriage register, St. John's, Launceston, 31 October 1857; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:856286; RGD37/1/16 no 569 

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (7 July 1855), 1 

THIS SOCIETY has been established for the practice and cultivation of Vocal Music.
President - The Rev. R. K. Ewing.
Committee. Messrs. Allen, Brain, Tozer, Webster, Stephens, Marriott, Hudson, Turnbull.
Musical Director - Mr. Adams.
This society will commence its meetings on Thursday evening, the 12th July.
Any person wishing to become a member is requested to apply to one of the commitee, or to the Treasurer, Mr. Hudson, Brisbane-street.
July 3.

"LAUNCESTON PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (13 October 1855), 5 

"LAUNCESTON", The Tasmanian Daily News (15 May 1856), 2 

Mr. John Adams, the talented conductor of the Philharmonic Society, has left for Sydney, to recruit his health; but during his absence the practice meetings of the society will be continued under the conduct of the president, Rev. R. K. Ewing, and the secretary, Mr. Marriott . . .

"MARRIED", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 November 1857), 4 

On the 31st Oct., at Trinity Church, Launceston, by the Rev. Thos. Reibey, John Adams, Esq., to Maria, fourth daughter of the late Dr. Landale.

"LAUNCESTON, TASMANIA", The Musical Times [UK] 8/189 (1 November 1858), 339

A Philharmonic Society has for some time past been in existence at this place, which bids fair to rival many similar societies in the mother country. It is to Mr. John Adams, formerly a professor of music at Wimbleton, Surrey, that the society owes its existence, and its present flourishing condition. This gentleman was obliged to leave England about five years ago on account of his health, and after visiting Melbourne and Sydney, he at last settled in his profession at Launceston. When arriving there, he found that choral music was quite unknown and unpractised, and he immediately set about the formation of a society. His first great difficulty seems to have been that of procuring music, at a time when the communication with England was so imperfect. It was necessary under these circumstances that he should compose, and make very many copies of, every exercise or tune that was required. He seems to have written as many as 150 lessons for beginners before he could obtain any printed music from home. His indefatigable exertions however were rewarded with the utmost success, and in a short time he was able to keep together a large body of chorus singers, whose improvement was so rapid that they were soon capable of performing the compositions of the best masters, and a knowledge of good music has been infused into all the polite society of the place. The concerts and soirées are patronized by most of the leading families and rich settlers, the Governor and his lady are frequently present, and they have a room capable of accommodating 500 persons. A concert was at one time got up by Mr. Adams for the "Indian Relief Fund," at which Mr. Farquarson assisted; the Creation was performed, and above J012Ü was realized for the charity. One great difficulty the conductor seems to feel is the impossibility of inducing the members, particularly the ladies, to go through the drudgery of practising exercises. They think they can at once start upon the most difficult music without learning the rudiments, and a more ridiculous mistake could not have occurred to them; this however is a very general complaint, and the more ignorant a person is, the greater difficulty there always is in making him learn; and music is not an art which can be made available without going through a great deal of labour and well directed practice. It is highly gratifying to learn the success of this enterprise, and we may say with confidence that much good must have arisen to the colony by this humanizing and delightful recreation.

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Launceston Examiner (22 February 1859), 3 

Reprints article from The Musical Times (November 1858) above

Births in the district of Launceston, 28 March 1859; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1005862; RGD33/1/37 no 971 

"MUSIC FOR THE MILLION", Launceston Examiner (9 April 1859), 2

"To the Editor . . . MUSIC FOR THE MILLION", The Cornwall Chronicle (21 May 1859), 5

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 May 1859), 5

We stated in our last that we had received from Mr. Adams a piece of music composed for his class. The music itself is excellent, and well adapted for the purpose: - that is to give the time. We shall not comment upon the verses more than to observe that it is wonderful how Mr. Adams could find music for them so harsh and discordant as they are. The music is beautifully lithographed we believe by Mr. Allen, of Charles-Street, and may be had for 6d. each piece.


[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (13 October 1860), 1 

THE formal opening of the Deloraine Organ will take place on Sunday, the 21st instant, when two sermons will be preached by the Ven. the Archdeacon of Launceston, and collections made towards liquidating the debt of about 45l. still remaining on the organ.
Mr. John Adams has kindly consented to preside at the organ.
The services will commence at, 11 a.m. and 3 1/2 p.m.
October 12.

"To the Editor of the Cornwall Chronicle. LAUNCESTON MUSlCAL UNION", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 November 1860), 3 

DEAR MR. EDITOR, - I perceive by an advertisement in the local papers that a meeting has been held in Launceston for the purpose of forming a new vocal and instrumental society, to be called the Launceston Musical Union; and that Mr. Mariott has been appointed conductor. The prospectus further stated that the object of the society is to unite the scattered musical talent of the town. I presume by this is meant the amalgamation of the members of the Philharmonic, the Harmonic and the Sacred Harmonic Societies, together with such available resources the town can now produce. This object, will, I am sure meet with the hearty approval of every lover of music, and I would fain hope the co-operation of every vocalist and instrumentalist in the Town. Launceston can now well support a society with high and progressive aims, by liberally pay[ing] for the services of such each officers as may be necessary for its full and perfect development.

At any rate the present talent of the town imperatively requires a musician thoroughly qualified both by education and experience to be at the head of the society if any permanent good is to be effected, or the members brought together for a practical end. For it must be remembered the talent sought to be united will not be "handled" for the first time, as under the societies before mentioned considerable progress was made in music frequently of a complicated character requiring both skill and knowledge on the part of the conductor.

It Is only fair then to assume that this talent when united will look for further development at the hands of its Conductor, and that the new resources lately sprung up in the town should be made available as soon as time and practice will permit, so that it is not too much to expect that the mere vocal rendering of our Oratorios and concerted pieces will rapidly give way to the full Orchestral score, together with the proper Organ accompaniment and lest I should appear to exaggerate these new resources, let me mention the fine and complete Organ shortly to be erected for the public good, and the two Volunteer Bands, the members of which I presume feel bound to make every possible progress on their respective instruments.

I ask then, Mr. Editor, is Mr. Marriott the man to "handle" or develop these resources? Is he capable of holding together by means of his "baton," either voices, or instruments, or both combined, in music of the least intricacy or when the performers have not been previously well trained together? Is he capable of reading, or playing the most simple vocal score? Or could he realise in the slightest degree a full vocal and instrumental score? To all and each of these queries, I answer unhesitatingly - no! Neither I am persuaded does he profess to anything of the kind. He never bestowed one hour upon such studies, and is therefore profoundly ignorant of them. So far then as concerns the duties of conductor, he can only be a puppet in his orchestra, liable to every variety of influence, when he alone should exercise the master mind, and the authoritative movement of the hand.

Of the oldest friend I have in the colony, and of one who has labored hard by my side on all occasions when he could be of the slightest use, I am greatly grieved thus to speak; but I love my Art too well to see it made a plaything of, and have worked too hard, to see in silence what little good I may have accomplished, in the town in danger of being either dissipated, or obstructed by an injudicious attempt to fill an office which should in justice to the scattered talent of the town, either be declared open to professional competition, or offered to some qualified musician of acknowledged standing.

My past exertions in connection with the Philharmonic Society, and the formation of "Million Classes," will, I trust be a sufficient excuse for thus publicly questioning the policy of the present arrangement on the part of the "Musical Union," and bringing my views before the scattered talent of the town; and though through failing health, my professional connection with Launceston, has for some time been suspended, I still have a deep interest in its musical prosperity, and should rejoice to hear of the successful formation of a society for the study of vocal and instrumental music, conducted by a gentleman of undoubted musical ability.
I have the honor to remain,
Dear Mr. Editor, obediently yours,
George Town, Nov. 22.

"LAUNCESTON MUSICAL UNION. [TO THE] EDITOR OF THE . . .", Launceston Examiner (27 November 1860), 3 

"RIFLEMEN FORM", Launceston Examiner (15 January 1861), 3 

We have to acknowledge the receipt of a "Volunteer song, Riflemen, form!" composed and dedicated to the officers and volunteers of Tasmania by John Adams. It is printed in Melbourne, and published by Messrs. Walch and Sons.

[Advertisement], The Mercury (18 January 1861), 3 

NOW READY. SUNG amidst enthusiastic applause by C. J. BRAMMALL, ESQ., at the GLEE CLUB CONCERT.
Composed and Dictated [dedicated] to the Officers and Volunteers of Tasmania,
Price 2s. 6d.; freely post to any part of the Colony, 3s.
J. WALCH & SONS, Hobart Town and Launceston.

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Joseph Brammell (vocalist); Joseph Walch (publisher)

"HAGLEY", Launceston Examiner (26 February 1861), 5 

The harvest is nearly over; carting home is progressing rapidly. Several farmers have already their crops safely in barn or stack, and some have commenced threshing . . . the district are invited next Sunday to the little Church at Hagely to return thanks to Providence for mercies received. On this occasion suitable hymns are to be sung, Mr. J. Adams having kindly composed to them admirable tunes, which have been practised at the singing meetintgs . . .

1861, deaths in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1202378; RGD35/1/30 no 200

1591/200 / 11 August / John Adams / 38 years / Gentleman / Consumption . . .

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (13 August 1861), 4 

At Fair Place, Launceston, on Sunday, August, 11th, John Adams, Esq., aged 38 years. The funeral will leave Trinity Church on Wednesday, the 14th instant, at half-past 3 o'clock. - JOHN RICHARDS, Undertaker.

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 August 1861), 5 

We regret to record the death of John Adams, Esq., which occurred at Fair Place, on Sunday last. Mr. Adams has been a long while a sufferer, having been a prey to the fell disease Consumption, under which he lingered. Still however, although an invalid, he exerted himself much for the people of this town, until he was unable to do so longer, by endeavoring to carry out institutions for their advancement in the science he dearly loved. He was a musician of the highest order, and many are indebted to him for the knowledge they have attained in the most delightful of the finer accomplishments. Mr. Adams was the conductor of the Philharmonic Society, and to his exertions the formation of the Million Classes, which promised the greatest success, but which failed in consequence of his sinking health was attributable. Mr. Adams has left a widow, the daughter of the late esteemed Dr. Landale, and grand-daughter of the late Richard Dry, Esq., and several children, to lament their loss.

"OBITUARY NOTICE", Launceston Examiner (15 August 1861), 5 

Yesterday afternoon the mortal remains of the late Mr. John Adams were interred in the Church of England burying ground. He had long been in declining health. An accomplished musician himself, he has done much to create, cultivate, and refine the musical taste of this town, and his memory will long be cherished by a wide circle of sorrowing frlends.

Will, John Adams; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:632255; AD960/1/5 

"DEATH OF MR. JOHN ADAMS, OF AUSTRALIA", Windsor and Eton Express (26 October 1861), 4

This gentleman, nephew of our respected townsman, Alderman Adams, died at Fair Place, Launceston, on the 11th of August last, aged 30 [sic]. He was a native of Windsor, and was well known as one of the choristers of St. George’s Chapel, and as Dr. Elvey’s first pupil, about twenty-two years since. He also officiated for the Doctor as organist at the parish church of John's for some length of time, and was much respected in the town. On completing the term of his engagement with Dr. Elvey, Mr. Adams became organist of Henley, where he remained about three years. He then went and engaged himself as organist at Wimbledon, and remained there for about five years, when, acting on the advice of his medical attendant, for was then in a precarious state of health, he proceeded to Australia, where he followed his profession with the greatest success, and where he married. The following notice, from the Launceston paper, will show the esteem in which the deceased was held in Australia; - "We regret to record the death of John Adams, Esq. . . . [whole article as above]."

After 1861:

"ST. ANDREW'S YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION", Launceston Examiner (1 November 1862), 4 

. . . The entertainment commenced with the performance on the organ of "The Tasmanian Anthem", by the late Mr. John Adams . . .

"THE OLD PHILHARMONIC AND LUCY CHAMBERS. To the Editor of . . .", Launceston Examiner (16 February 1871), 5 

SIR, - Perhaps, it may be unnecessary to remind the old members of the Philharmonic and other musical societies (all but the pleasant menmories of which have now passed away) of the claims of Lucy Chambers of her forimer kind association with them, under the late John Adams, and subsequently to his death of her unselfish elfforts to make their meetings agreeable as well as instructive; and her readiness at all times to render their benevolent efforts for our local charities successes. All will remember, too, her most successful appearance in the old Cornwall room, in aid of the Indian Fund, in which concert, with old Farquharson, she delighted her audience in the grand "Creation" of Haydn . . .

"THE OPERA", The Tasmanian (13 January 1872), 9 

. . . Launceston, in its olden days, gained no small reputation for its musical taste and amateur talent. The late John Adams, who was a master in his art, by instituting and keeping up for some years the Philharmonic Society, imbued the public with a correct taste and a love for music, which has borne fruit even to the present time . . .

"A CORRESPONDENT writing to us from Hobart Town . . .", The Musical Times (1 January 1873), 724 

. . . with reference to an article which appeared in this journal, entitled "Distant Music," - gives a glowing account of the state of the art in that Colony; and, as in the paper mentioned, but little was said of music in Tasmania, we willingly make the following extract from his letter: . . . we have had professors of very great experience resident in the Colony. In the northern part of the island, Mr. John Adams (a pupil of Sir George Elvey), Mr. Robert Sharpe, now at Southampton; and in the south (Hobart Town) Mr. C. S. Packer, the late Mr. F. A. Packer, both Royal Academicians, Mr. Buddee, a very fine pianist, several excellent violinists, &c. . . ."

"PUBLIC WORSHIP AND MUSIC", Daily Telegraph (16 July 1888), 3

. . . If the whole congregation could be induced to prepare their part of the musical service, the result would be wonderful. The late John Adams used to hold such practices in Trinity School-room, and they were much enjoyed by large gatherings of the people . . .

"REMINISCENCES", The Tasmanian (12 November 1892), 28 

. . . About 1856 or 1857 [sic, earlier] Mr. John Adams arrived. I speak advisedly when I say that he was the most able musician who ever settled in the colony, whether he is regarded as a composer, a trainer of voices en masse, or an organist. Who can forget the Philharmonic in its palmy days under his leadership. Tasmania has never before or since seen such a society. Mr. Adams was organist at Trinity, for which an ?excellent organ had been procured, chiefly through the exertions of the late Mr. A. J. Marriott . . .

"MUSIC IN OLD LAUNCESTON", Daily Telegraph (22 January 1903), 4 

. . . Just about the same time Mr. John Adams, a recent arrival in the town, and the organist of Trinity Church, a gentleman of considerable musical attainments, also contributed by his enthusiasm and general work a good deal of help in musical matters. He started the first Philharmonic Society, with the object of promoting the study of vocal music; his health, however, unfortunately failed, but the work he had started was taken up with varying success by Mr. A. J. Marriott . . .

"THE BROOKE WILL CASE", Daily Telegraph [Launceston, TAS] (24 July 1903), 4 

. . . Mrs. Brooke died on the 31st of May, 1886. There was no issue of her marriage with Mr Brooke. By a former marriage with a Mr. Landale she had seven children, who survived her. There were three sons . . . besides four daughters, each of whom was married in Mrs. Brooke's lifetime and had issue. One of the four, Maria Rebecca Adams, now a widow, had two children Jessie Harriett, the wife of William Henry Edyvean, and John Garibaldi Marriott Adams. The appellants are Mrs. Edyvean, her brother, Mr. J. G. M. Adams, the trustees of Mrs. Edyvean's marriage settlement, of whom Mr. J. G. M. Adams is one, and an incumbrancer on his share . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 November 1919), 1 

ADAMS. - On the 19th November, at "Elphin," 82 Orrong road, Elsternwick, Maria Rebecca, wife of late John Adams, organist, of Windsor Chapel, Wimbleton Church, and Holy Trinity, Launceston, mother of Garibaldi Adams, Elsternwick, aged 81 years, native of Tasmania. (Private in- terment, 20th inst.)

Musical works (music extant in red bold; non-extant in black bold):

2 double chants (in D, and G minor) (by 1850)

The chanter's hand-guide . . . containing the psalter . . . with 373 cathedral chants, very many of which (written by the most eminent composers and organists in this country expressly for this work) are now first published; edited by Joseph Warren, organist and director of the choir at St, Mary's chapel, Chelsea (London: R. Cocks and Co., [1850]), viii, 61 (chant by Joiah Freund), 113, 137 

[PREFACE] . . . I beg to express my warmest thanks to the following Gentlemen and the two Ladies for their kind assistance in supplying me with so many Chants for publication, either of their own composition or from the choir-books of the various Cathedrals, all of which, with one or two exceptions, are now first published:-

[viii] Adams, John, Esq., Organist of St. Mary's, Wimbledon . . . (double chant by Josiah Freund) (double chant in D by Adams) (double chant in G minor by Adams

No jewelled beauty is my love (1854)

No jewelled beauty is my love, ballad (as sung by Miss Catherine Hayes in Tasmania), words by Gerald Massey, composed and dedicated to Miss Catherine Hayes, by John Adams (Sydney: Woolcott & Clarke, [1854]) (DIGITISED)

I'm thinking o'er the short sweet hour (1856)

I'm thinking o'er the short sweet hour, a night song, words by Gerald Massey, music by the composer of "No jewelled beauty is my love", new ballad composed expressly for, and dedicated to Miss Catherine Hayes by John Adams (Sydney: Woolcott & Clarke, [1856]) (DIGITISED)

Tasmanian anthem ("All hail to thee our island home"; words by R. K. Ewing) (1856)


Lo! the desert depths are stirred (chorale; ancient hymn) (1857)


Riflemen form (by 1860)

Volunteer song [Riflemen form], manuscript copy, ? composer's autograph, 8 October 1860; State Library of Tasmania (DIGITISED)

Riflemen, form! colunteer song, composed, and dedicated to the officers and volunteers of Tasmania, by John Adams (Hobart Town: J. Walch & Sons, [1861]) (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Graeme Skinner, Toward a general history of Australian musical composition: first national music, 1788-c. 1860 (Ph.D thesis, Sydney Conservatorium of Music, University of Sydney, 2011), 304-306 (DIGITISED)

ADAMSON, David Beveridge (David Beveridge ADAMSON; Mr. D. B. ADAMSON)

Amateur violin maker

Born Hawick, Scotland, 22 March 1823; son of james ADAMSON and Elizabeth BEVERIDGE
Arrived South Australia, 19 September 1839 (per Recovery, from London, 19 May)
Married Emma Golding LA VENCE (1831-1880), Tenterden, SA, 6 November 1849
Died Adelaide, SA, 23 June 1891, aged 68 (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

ADAMSON, Emma Golding (Emma Golding LA VENCE; Mrs. David Beveridge ADAMSON; Mrs. ADAMSON)

See Miss La Vence


Adamson claimed, in 1876, to have made the first violin in South Australia in 1841.

At Tenterden, SA, on 6 November 1849, he married Emma Golding La Vence (1831-1880), who is probably the vocalist Miss La Vence who had appeared in two Adelaide Choral Society concerts earlier that year, and who, as Mrs. Adamson, sang in a War Fund concert in 1854.

Their son, David Beveridge Adamson, junior (d. 1937), was active as an amateur musician in the 1880s and 1890s.


"CHAMBER OF MANUFACTURERS", The South Australian Advertiser (21 December 1876), 6

. . . Mr. D. B. Adamson wrote, claiming the credit of making, in the year 1841, the first violin manufactured in the colony. His assertion was made in reference to a statement that the violin shown by Mr. J. G. Nash at the recent exhibition was the first one made in the colony . . .

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (24 June 1891), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Julie Evans, "Adamson, David Beveridge", Australian dictionary of biography suppl. (2005)

. . . He built furniture and musical instruments, claiming (in 1876) to have made the first violin in the colony in 1841 . . .

Alan Coggins, Violin and bow makers of Australia (?: for the author, 2009), 25

ADCOCK, Marianne Eliza (Miss PETTINGELL; Mrs. St. John ADCOCK)

Professor of music, pianist, singer, organist, arranger

Born Marylebone, London, England, 12 August 1821; baptised Paddington chapel, 23 September 1821, daughter of Joseph PETTINGELL (1799-1859) and Marianne LINDEN
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 4 September 1834 (passenger on Thomas Lawrie, from London 4 April, or ? 17 March)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2/3 February 1839 (per William, from Launceston, 24/28 January)
Married St. John ADCOCK, Sydney, NSW, 19 May 1842
Died Cootamundra, NSW, 28 November 1890, in her 70th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ADCOCK, Marion Eliza (Marion Eliza ADCOCK; Miss ADCOCK; Mrs. G. R. BELL)


Born Sydney, NSW, 1843
Married G. R. BELL, NSW, 5 March 1860 (shareable link to this entry)


Marianne Pettingell was born in Marylebone, London, on the 12 August 1821. She was the first child of Joseph Pettingell (1799-1859) and his wife Marianne Linden Jones (c. 1800-1890), who had married at St. George's Bloomsbury, on 6 July 1820.

She was first billed in Hobart as a pupil of "Panorma", probably either the elderly Francis Panormo (1763-1843), or his son Robert (c. 1800-1873), who, shortly before the Pettingells' departure from London in spring 1834, were living at no. 4 Tottenham-Court New Road.

Joseph, meanwhile (according to his early Hobart advertisments) had been in business in Mount Street, Grosvenor Square, as "Tailor to their Majesties, the Royal Horse Guards, the Dukes Wellington, Gordon, Newcastle, the Russian and French Ambassadors . . . maker to the Berkeley, Andover, and Heaton Park Clubs".

Having departed London in spring 1834 on the Thomas Lawrie, the family arrived in Hobart (travelling under Joseph's wife's family name of Linden) on 4 September. Joseph first advertised in his old profession of tailor.

Meanwhile, on 1 May 1835, Marianne, "only 12 years of age" (correctly 13) made her local debut at George Peck's Theatre of Arts, playing a set of piano variations on Bruce's address, by another member of her teacher's family, Ferdinand Charles Panormo (1793-1826).

Apparently not prospering in Hobart, Joseph (who was later described as being of "a wekly constitution") moved him family to the milder north of island, to become post master at Evandale near Launceston, and, with his wife, to open a school, in spring 1836, at which Marianne and her sister Margaret (1823-1893, from 1841 Mrs. Robert Banbury) taught painting, music, dancing, and French.

Marianne meanwhile made her next documented public appearance on 12 September 1837, in a concert by the Launceston Harmonic Society directed by Edmund Leffler.

Later that month, however, Joseph was declared insolvent and briefly confined to Launceston goal, leaving his wife to find a new home and, with her daughters, to open a school for young ladies in Launceston. From there in January 1838, the Misses Pettingell also advertised offereing private tuition in "Music, Drawing, Oriental Painting, and Dancing".

In December 1838, Joseph sailed for Sydney, and on arrival announced that he was opening a new business as a law stationer, in Elizabeth Street. He was shortly joined by his family, who landed in New South Wales at the beginning of February 1839.

Marianne advertised later that month as a professor of music and teacher of the pianoforte, and made her Sydney public debut at John Philip Deane's concert on 13 August 1839, appearing as both a vocalist and pianist. With Rosalie Deane, she sang Horn's duet I know a bank, and in two vocal solos, Weber's O Araby (from Oberon), and Pixis's vocal variations on The Swiss bride. She also played, with John Deane on violin, and Edward Deane on cello, in (probably only a single from movement from) Moscelles's Piano Trio, and with John Deane in a duet by Herz and Lafont.

She again advertised as a teacher in Sydney in October 1839, and at Windsor in March 1841, before making her last public appearance as Miss Pettingell, along with her sister Frederica, among the singers at Isaac Nathan's concert on 27 October 1841.

At St. Lawrence's chapel, on 19 May 1842, she married a law clerk, John, or St. John Adcock (c. 1851-1861), who had arrived in Sydney from London on the Canton, in September 1841. A daughter, also Marrianne Eliza was born in 1843, a son John in 1844, a daughter Alice was born and died in 1846, and a son Thomas in 1848. Her husband, meanwhile, was declared insolvent in 1846, and cleared of a charge of embezzlement in 1848. Apparently by then separated from his wife, he was working as a stockman on the Upper Castlereagh River, when he was thrown from his horse and killed on in April 1861.

Finally, ten years from her last public performance, she returned to the concert stage, as a debutante, for Henry Marsh's 1851 Christmas concert, singing in the Costanzo Festa's madrigal Down in a flowery vale, with Sara Flower and Frank Howson and his brother John, and performing in a grand gallop for 12 pianos. Meanwhile, she had also resumed teaching.

Thereafter, through the 1850s, she regularly appeared professionally as a pianist and vocalist, and in 1859 was joined by her surviving daughter, Marion, singing at the Sydney University Musical Festival.

From 1867, if not earlier, Marianne was the organist of St. Paul's, Redfern (now the Greek Orthodox Cathedral).

She died at Cootamunda, NSW, on 28 November 1890.

Her only surviving child, Marion/Marian/Marriane (Mrs. George Bell), was living at Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England, with her husband, at the time of the 1891 Engish census.


Paddington Chapel (Independent), New Road, London, register of births, 1813-36; UK National Archives 

Marrianne Eliza / Daughter of Joseph Pettingell and Marrianne his wife of no. 16 Stafford Street, Lisson Grove, St. Mary lebone, who was daughter of Thomas Jones, Born August twelfth 1721, Baptised September 23rd 1821 . . .

Diary of Joseph Pettingell, kept on the Thomas Lawrie, from London to Hobart, 1834; typed transcript from the original manuscript, National Library of Australia, MS 9399 (DIGITISED)

. . . Friday 9 May . . . This day is the birthday of Margaret, 11 years old with very little to complain of. Both the oldest pay great attention to their Mama and take them all in all they are very good girls . . .

. . . Tuesday 12 August . . . The weather is now fine and slashing along at 8 1/2 knots. This is the birthday of Marrianne and Joseph, the one 13 and the other 6 years old. We have for our dinner today a raisin pudding . . .

"SHIP NEWS", The True Colonist Van Diemen's Land Political Despatch [Hobart, TAS] (9 September 1834), 2 

Sept. 4. - Arrived the ship Thomas Lawrie, Captain Langdon, from London, April 4, with a general cargo. Cabin Passengers . . . Steerage Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Linden, and six children . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (14 October 1834), 3

J. Pettingell, (LATE OF MOUNT-ST., GROSVENOR SQUARE, LONDON,) Tailor to the King, the Royal Horse Guards, and many of the Nobility, BEGS leave to return his sincere thanks to the Gentlemen of Hobart Town, for the very great encouragement given him, since he commenced business, and assures them he will be able to execute any orders given him, with elegance and despatch. Oct. 14, 1834.

Letter, Joseph Pettingell, Hobart Town, 19 October 1834, to family in England; typed transcript, National Library of Australia, MS 9399 (DIGITISED)

15 Campbell St., Hobart Town . . . I meet with very good encouragement . . . orders . . . in the person of Gentlmen in the Governors House . . . 

. . . Margaret getting on very rapidly with drawing will some time hence be very clever in sketching the wonderful and romantic scenery which surrounds us. Marrianne is getting on very well in her music. I almost forgot to say that our servants are rather different to yours inasmuch as we pay them naught for their service. They are convicts . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 April 1835), 3

Theatre of Arts, Under the Patronage of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor and Family, and several Persons of distinction. ON FRIDAY EVENING NEXT, MAY 1st, the following Entertainments will be presented:
PART I. THE PASSAGE OF THE GREAT ST. BERNARD By NAPOLEON, and his Grand Army of Reserve, consisting of Thirty Thousand Men; THE MONK OF ST. BERNARD'S And his Dog, &c.
GRAND CONCERTO, PIANO-FORTE, By Miss Pettingell, A Young Lady only 12 years of Age, Pupil of the celebrated "Panorma."
PART II. NSW LONDON BRIDGE, WITH ST. PAUL'S, And Part of London in the Distance. A Variety of Pleasing and Ingenious Mechanical Figures will enliven the Scene. After which, MR. PECK will perform his admired Imitations of the celebrated "PAGANINI" on the Violin.
PART III. MOUNT WELLINGTON, As seen from Sandy Bay, with the upper part of Davey-street. In this Scene, in addition to a variety of Local Figures, "The Death of the Kangaroo." A splendid effect of Cloud and Sunshine will be presented.
BRUCE'S ADDRESS, With Variations on the Piano-forte by MISS PETTINGELL.
The whole to Conclude with THE STORM AT SEA. Doors Open at Six o'Clock, and the Performance to Commence at Seven. April 28,1835.

"To Humanitas, Evandale, May 15, 1837", The Cornwall Chronicle (20 May 1837), 1 

. . . It gives me satisfaction to state, that since I commenced school at Evandale, from the 1st of last August to the present time, not one of my family have ever even had a head, and very seldom an heart ache . . . I undertake to teach Surveying-. . . Navigation, Mathematics, Drawing and Oil Painting, Natural Philosophy, Greek and Latin. Mrs. Pettingell has three young ladies as boarders, and my daughters teach Painting, Music, and Dancing, with the French Language. In short, Sir, we are all one happy family . . .
Trusting you will excuse my thus troubling you, I have the honor to be, Sir, Your obedient Servant,

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (22 July 1837), 4 

ESTABLISHMENT FOR YOUNG LADIES, Evandale. MRS. PETTINGELL . . . is now enabled to take charge of an additional number of boarders, as the whole of the house is appropriated to their use. The alterations made by Mr. Pettingell, in removing his School and rooms to an adjoining building, makes the two Establishments entirely distinct from each other, and having the assistance of a Lady, who has had great experience in schools, combined with those of her two eldest daughters, one of whom is well know for her talents in Music, and the other in Drawing and painting, enables her to give instructions in the above polite accomplishments, and Dancing, with the French Launguage, without the aid of Masters . . . July 14, 1837.

[News], The Cornwall Chronicle [Launceston, TAS] (16 September 1837), 2 

The fourth Concert of the Launceston Harmonic Society, took place on Thursday last, at Mr. Green's Assembly Rooms. The vocal and instrumental performance went off with great eclat. The music was selected from the prinripal composers - Haydn, Rossini, Meyerbeer, &c. The instrumental part was led by Mr. Leffler, Professor of Music, assisted by Miss Pettingell, who presided at the pianoforte. This young lady displayed considerable talent, and was greatly applauded; there can be no doubt she will be a great acquisition to the Harmonic Society, and we are happy to hear the Committee have secured her services for the succeeding concerts.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (30 September 1837), 3 

In the matter of the Insolvency of Joseph Pettingell, late of Evandale, in the Island of Van Diemen's Land, Schoolmaster, but now confined for Debt in His Majesty's Gaol at Launceston . . .

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (28 October 1837), 3 

CIRCULAR - MRS. PETTINGELL begs respectfully to inform Ladies and heads or Families in Launceston, and its Vicinity, that she intends commencing a BOARDING and DAY SCHOOL, at her residence, No. 2, Cameron's Buildings, St John-street . . . The number of Boarders will be limited to six . . . above ten years of age, including the usual routine of School duties, with French, Music, and Dancing . . .

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (27 January 1838), 15

PRIVATE TUITION. THE MISSES PETTINGELL beg respectfully to inform the Ladies of Launceston, that they would be happy to give Lessons in Music, Drawing, Oriental Painting, and Dancing, either at their residence, or those of their Pupils. For Terms, enquire at 2, Cameron's Buildings, St. John-street, Launceston.

"LAUNCESTON SHIP NEWS", The Tasmanian (1 February 1839), 4 

JAN. 24. - Sailed the brig William, 149 tons, Thom, master, for Sydney. Passengers - Mr. H. Callow, Mrs. Pettingell, three Miss Pettingells and Master Pettingell . . .

Sydney, NSW (from February 1839):

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (4 February 1839), 2 

From Launceston, on Saturday last, having sailed 28th January, the brig William, Captain Thom, with sundries, &c. Passengers - Mr. George Cox, Miss Cox, Mrs. Petengall, two Misses Pettengall, six children, and servant . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (20 February 1839), 3 

MISS PETTINGELL. Professor of Music, begs to inform her Friends that she has commenced giving LESSONS on the PIANO FORTE, either at home, or at the residence of those who may honour her with their support. - For Cards of Terms, apply at Mr. Ellard's Music Saloon, George-street, or at her residence, No. 8, Josephson's Terrace, Elizabeth-street North.

"LOCAL NEWS", The Australian (9 March 1839), 3

Music. - By an advertisement in another column, we perceive that Miss Pettingell, professor of music, has arrived from Launceston, and has opened a Music Seminary in Elizabeth-street.

[Advertisement], The Australian (13 August 1839), 1 

Under Distinguished Patronage
MR. DEANE BEGS to inform his Friends and the Public, that his
TUESDAY EVENING, August 13th, 1839, in the Saloon of the Royal Hotel.
PART I . . . 2. Duett - I know a Bank - Horn - Miss Deane and Miss Pettingell
3. Trio - Violin, Violincello, & Pianoforte - Moschelles - Miss Pettingell, Master E. Dean and Mr. J. Deane . . .
5. Glee - O! Stranger lend thy gentle barque - Steven - Miss Pettingell, Master E. Deane and Amateur
6. Song - The Swiss Bride - Pixis - Miss Pettingell . . .
PART II . . . 2. Glee - Merrily Swim We - Smith - Miss Pettingell, Master E. Deane and Amateur . . .
5. Song - O! Araby, Dear Araby - Weber - Miss Pettingell . . .
8. Duett - Violin and Pianoforte - Herz and Lafont - Miss Pettingell and Mr. J. Deane . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (16 August 1839), 2 

With respect to the main character of Mr. Deane's Concert on Tuesday eveing, it may be said, it was a Concert of youth, innocence, and beauty, rather that of vocal talent. Nevertheless, Miss Petingale and Miss Deane have good voices, and which, if cultivated, will make them stars in due time, provided they be placed under the best tuition . . . Miss Deane and Miss Pettingale both displayed great execution on the Piano, much precision in time, and much feeling; and an ounce of feeling is worth a pound of execution on any occasion . . . Sir Maurice O'Connell and family were present, and we were happy to see a full, and some say, a crowded room . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 August 1839), 2 

. . . Sir Maurice O'Connell and family visited the concert, for a short time, but did not remain long, taking their departure very early. The only novelty of the evening was Miss Pettingell, who appears to have a good voice, but it requires cultivation . . .

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", The Colonist (21 August 1839), 3 

. . .Our space will not admit of lengthened criticism, and Mr. Deane's family have long been before the pnblic as musical characters. We must, however, welcome the fair strangers who made their first appearance before a Sydney public on this occasion. Their domestic character does them honour, and we hope they will meet with support in what they are about to undertake, namely, a school. They have hitherto been engaged in perfecting their own accomplishments, and assisting their father in his avocation of law f stationer, as he is of a weakly constitution. The public have had a specimen of their musical powers, and they have been acquired without professional assistance. The second Miss Pettingell is also an artiste. We heartiy wish them success.

[Advertisement], The Australian (12 October 1839), 3 

Musical Tuition.
MISS PETTINGELL, Professor of Music, begs to intimate that a portion of her time is disengaged throughout the week, and that she will be happy to receive pupils at ber residence, or attend Families, to instruct on the Pianoforte. No. 105. Pitt-Street. October 11, 1839.

[Advertisement], The Australian (9 March 1841), 1

A CARD - MISS PETTINGELL begs respectfully to inform the Ladies and Heads of Families in Windsor and its Vicinity, that she intends remaining at Windsor, and will be happy to give Instructions in Music and Singing to those who may honour her with their patronage. For terms and cards of Adress, apply to her at her residence, Auburn Cottage, Windsor.
March 1, 1841.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (27 October 1841), 1 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. Programme of MR. NATHAN'S GRAND VOCAL and INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT (first of the series), to take place THIS EVENING, WEDNESDAY, the 27th of October, 1841.
SOPRANOS and TREBLES. The Misses Nathan, Miss Pettingell, Miss F. Pettingell, Miss Strickland . . .

"NATHAN'S GRAND CONCERT", Australasian Chronicle (28 October 1841), 2 

. . . The performance concluded by our excellent Australian anthem, "Long Live Victoria," which, being given with a very full chorus, was most effective. The solos were sung in succession by Miss Jane Nathan, Miss Pettingell, and Miss Strickland. Altogether, this was a very fine performance . . .

"MARRIAGE", The Sydney Herald (20 May 1842), 3

By special license, on Thursday, the 19th instant, at Saint Lawrence's, by the Rev. R. Sconce, Mr. St. John Adcock, to Marianne Eliza, eldest daughter of Mr. Joseph Pettingell, Law Stationer, of this town.

"NEW INSOLVENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1846), 2 

The following estate was sequestrated, on a petition, and schedule being filed, viz.: John Adcock, of Pyrmont, near Sydney, clerk. Debts - £78 6s. 6d.; assets - personal property, £15. Balance deficiency, £63 6d. Edward Knox, official assignee.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1851), 1 

MR. HENRY MARSH'S GRAND ANNUAL CONCERT . . . at the Royal Victoria Theatre,
THIS EVENING, THURSDAY, the 18th December . . . PROGRAMME . . . Part I . . .
8. Madrigal, Down in a Flowery Vale - Miss Sara Flower, Mrs. Adcock, and the Messr. Howson - Unknown [Festa].
9. Grand Gallop, 12 pianofortes arranged for this occasion by Mr. Andrew Moore. Performers: Miss Sara Flower, Mrs. St. John Adcock, and Messrs. Stanley, Frank Howson, John Howson, Sigmont, Emanuel, W. Johnson, Weber, Bök, A. Moore, and H. Marsh . . .

"MR. HENRY MARSH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1851), 2 

. . . The Messrs. Howson, Mr. Baly, Mrs. St. John Adcock, and the instrumental performers, both lay and military, one and all deserve favourable mention; and, inasmuch, as various other entertainments of the like character are announced, we may anticipate that the good citizens of Sydney, and the return parties from Sofala, Ophir, and Araluen, are determined to spend a "merry Christmas."

"MR. MARSH'S CONCERT", Empire (22 December 1851), 3 

. . . The madrigal was delightfully sung by Miss Flower, Mrs. St. John Adcock, a fair debutante, and the Howsons; and was followed by the "great feature" of the evening, the gallop on twelve pianofortes admirably performed, and enthusiastically encored . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1852), 1 

MRS. ST. JOHN ADCOCK begs to inform her PUPILS, FRIENDS, and the PUBLIC, that she resumes her instructions in the above accomplishments (after the Easter recess) on Monday, the 19th instant.
Mrs. St. J. A.'s terms may be learnt upon application at her residence, No. 66, Prince-street, near the National School.
April 7.

"SYDNEY UNIVERSITY FESTIVAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 August 1859), 7 

. . . The principal singers who took part in the concerted music were Signor Spagnoletti, an accomplished singer and a good musician. His daughter, who has a fine soprano voice, sang with him some duetts from the operas. Mrs. St. John Adcock and Miss Adcock took parts in some of the trios and quartette, and also rendered valuable assistance in the choruses . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1860), 1 

On the 6th instant, by special license, at St. John's, Darlinghurst, by the Rev. Canon Walsh, George Robert Bell, Esq., R.N., to Marion Eliza Adcock, eldest granddaughter of the late Mr. Joseph Pettingell, of this city.

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", Sydney Mail (9 March 1867), 2 

On Tuesday a complimentary concert was given to Mrs. St. John Adcock, the organist of St. Paul's, Redfern, by the choir of the church . . .

"CATHEDRAL ORGAN PERFORMANCES", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1867), 4 

A series of performances on tho new organ at St Andrew's Cathedral, the last of those as yet determined upon, took place on Saturday afternoon. The organists who played were Mrs. St. John Adcock, Mr. C. E. Horsley, and Mr. G. F. Beaumont. The selections played by Mrs. Adcock were Pastoral movement (Russell), Voluntary "Piu non vedra" (Marliani), Introductory movement from "Benedictus" (12th Mass) (Mozart), Voluntary on solo stops (Haydn), "Hymn of Eve" (Arne), March (Abraham) (Molique) . . .

"DEATHS", The Australian Star (6 December 1890), 1 

ADCOCK. - November 28, at Cootamundra, in her 70th year, Marianne Eliza, relict of the late St. John Adcock, and formerly organist for many years at St. Paul's Church, Redfern. Deeply regretted.

Published musical works:

La favorita polka [Donizetti] arranged by Mrs. St. John Adcock (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [1857, repr. after 1858])

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1857), 4 

In the Press, La Favorita Polka, by Mrs. Adcock . . . J. R. CLARKE, 205, George-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1857), 1 

NEW and ORIGINAL POLKAS - Published THIS DAY, each embellished with a beautiful pictorial title-page, designed by Mr. J. T. Gill. - The Royal Charlie Polka, by Packer; The Eglantine Polka, by Stanley; La Favorita Polka, by Mrs. St. John Adcock. Each 3s., post free, 3s. 2d. J R. CLARKE, 305, George-street.

An earlier polka version of the same tune from Donizetti's La favorita was that arranged by Henry C. Watson (US edition 1849); Adcock was probably following an English edition by Charles Coote (1856).

Associated musical publications:

Annie Laurie (as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock) (3 editions) 

Annie Laurie, Scotch ballad, as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock (Sydney: Woolcott and Clarke, [by 1855])

NO COPY IDENTIFIED; curiousy, there is no specific record of Adcock singing this song in public, though there are occasions on which she might (for instance, in Joseph Dyer's lecture on ancient British ballads in 1855); the widespread commerical dissemination of Alicia Scott's setting dates to the early 1850s; the Woolcott and Clarke edition was almost certainly the first Australian edition, pirated from an unidentified London print original.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1855), 5 

NEW MUSIC - Just published . . . THE POPULAR Scotch Ballad, Annie Laurie, price 2s. 6d., as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock. WOOLCOTT and CLARKE.

Annie Laurie, a favorite ballad, as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock (Sydney: J. Moore, [? 1855/6]) (also an (?earlier) Woolcott & Clarke edition, 1855)

Probably a pirate edition, newly engraved, but copied from Woolcott and Clarke's edition above

Annie Laurie, Scotch ballad, as sung by Mrs. St. John Adcock (Sydney: J. R. Clarke, [after 18]) 

Almost certainly from the same plates as Woolcott and Clarke's edition above

ADDISON, Thomas Plummer (Thomas Plummer ADDISON; Mr. T. P. ADDISON)

Amateur flautist, member of Adelaide Choral Society

Born England, c. 1805
Married Eliza Mary Calxton TOURNER (1807-1879), St. Bride's, Fleet Street, London, England, 20 February 1830
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 12 October 1838 (immigrant per Pestonjee Bomanjee)
Died Adelaide, SA, 14 January 1878, in his 74th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

ADDISON, Arthur Richman (Arthur Richman ADDISON)

Amateur pianist

Born Adelaide, SA, 17 May 1842
Died Ororoo, SA, 29 July 1915


Marriages solemnized in the parish of Saint Bride in the city of London, in the year 1830; LLondon Metropolitamn Archive 

Thomas Plummer Addison of this parish bachelor and Eliza Mary Claxton Tourner of this parish spinster
. . . this twentieth day of February [1830] . . .

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY', Adelaide Times (26 February 1849), 2 

. . . Bishop's "Echo" song, from the Slave, was delightfully given by Mrs. Murray, accompanied on the flute very tastefully by Mr. Addison. This was also deservedly encored . . .

MUSIC: either Echo song (Bishop), or Mocking bird song (Bishop, from The slave)

ASSOCIATIONS: Georgiana Murray (soprano vocalist)

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (27 February 1849), 2 

The Choral Society's Concert on Friday evening went off more brilliantly than its most sanguine supporters could have expected . . . The Echo song was well sung by Mrs. Murray; and the flute obligato given with much taste by Mr. Addison . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (28 May 1849), 1 

List of Subscribers' Names: . . . T. P. Addison, Esq. . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

INSTRUMENTAL. Conductor - Mr Wallace . . . Flutes - Messrs. Addison, Keidel, and Clisby . . . On Friday Evening, 19th of July, 1850 . . .

"CONCERT", Adelaide Times (1 August 1850), 3 

The Concert of the Adelaide Choral Society took place, yesterday evening, in the New Exchange, but owing to the roughness of the weather the attendance was very limited, there being only one hundred and twenty persons present, including, however, His Excellency, Lady Young, Bishop Short, and a large proportion of the elite. The music, in general, was very good. The first overture, and glee, and chorus, gave entire satisfaction . . . Addison's solo on the flute was deservedly applauded . . . The Symphony from Haydn was creditably played, but the audience seemed to consider its length rather tedious. In the second piece of the second part, the flute obligato was given well by Addison, and Mrs. Murray's singing was better than usual . . .

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (30 January 1855), 3 

The annual meeting of the Adelaide Choral Society was held last evening at Green's Exchange, Mr. T. P. Addison in the chair . . . The officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows: - President, Dr. Wyatt; Vice-President, C. Mann, Esq.; Treasurer, Mr. Smyth; Librarian, Mr. Mitchell; Secretary, Mr. Snaith; Auditors, Messrs. Whitington and Thomas; Committee, Messrs. Addison, Rodemann, Rainsford, Spiller, Dr. Cotter, Dr. Sholl, Messrs. Thompson, Lower, and C. Mitchell . . .

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (28 March 1856), 3 

The annual general meeting of the subscribers and members of this Society was held yesterday evening in the Exchange, Mr. Whitington in the chair . . . Dr. Wyatt was re-elected President; Mr. G. Stevenson was requested to act as Vice-President; Mr. Smyth, Treasurer; Mr. Allen and Mr. Hunt, Librarians; Mr. W. Thompson, Secretary; Mr. Whitington and Mr. D. Harwood, Auditors; and Messrs. Addison, Clisby, Lower, C. Mitchell, J. Mitchell, Rainsforth, Harris, Bettridge, Sholl, and Rodemann were appointed the Committee . . .

"LINGER MEMORIAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (15 July 1863), 2 

The first rehearsal of music for the Linger Memorial Concert took place on Tuesday evening, at the South Australian Institute, at which above fifty performers, vocal and instrumental, attended, under the conductorship of Mr. L. Norman. Amongst the instrumentalists present we noticed Messrs. R. B. White, S. Mocatta, and T. P. Addison . . .

"ST. PAUL'S CHURCH", South Australian Register (26 September 1864), 5 

. . . A glee by five gentleman and two lady amateurs was next given, followed by a duet, "Deh! con te li Preudi," on the piano and flute, by Messrs. A. R. and T. P. Addison, each of which pieces elicited applause . . . Messrs. A. R. and T. P. Addison gave another duet, "Ecco il Pegus," on the piano and flute.

"DIED", The South Australian Advertiser (15 January 1878), 4 

ADDISON. - On the 14th January, 1878, at his residence Hurtle-square, Adelaide, Thomas Plummer Addison, in the 74th year of his age.

Bibliography and resources:

The Old Colonists Banquet group: Thomas Plummer Addison [B 47769/19D], photograph, State Library of South Australia 

"Arthur Addison", Wikipedia 

ADDISON, Glentworth Walsh Frazer (Glentworth ADDISON; Mr. G. ADDISON)

Songwriter, composer, ? amateur vocalist, ? amateur orchestral player

Born Manchester, England, 22 April 1831; son of Henry Robert ADDISON (1804-1876) and Mary VOKES (1811-1832)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 December 1852 (per Carnatic, from London via Plymouth, 21 September)
Married (1) Ellen CAMPBELL (1839-1880), Clifton Station, New England, NSW, 8 January 1862
Married (2) Sarah Wilhelmina WALSH (1848-1928), NSW, 1882
Died Hunters Hill, NSW, 17 November 1903, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Glentworth Addison, c. 1860s


Addison was associated with the Melbourne Herald in 1854. He is known to have published two songs. No copy has yet been identified of his ballad, Heartease, published in Sydney in January 1858, to words by "Gerladine", and dedicated by the composer to Mrs. Mary Hanbury.

His second setting, of words by Henry Halloran, was Lost Marguarite. It appeared in James Fussell's Australian musical bouquet in February 1861, a simple and pretty melody which, as it survives, was "arranged for the composer" by Edwin Cobley, the Bouquet's editor.

Addison was much later, in the late 1890s, an active committee member of the Sydney Amateur Orchestal Society.


"YASS", Freeman's Journal (28 September 1895), 18 

The concert held in the Mechanics Institute in aid of Catholic school purposes was in every way a perfect success . . . Dr. Doolan and Mr. Glenworth Addison then gave a duet, "Tell her I love her so' . . . Mr. G. Addison followed with "The Gauntlet" . . .

NOTE: This was his son Glentworth Addison (1864-1932)

"SYDNEY AMATEUR ORCHES-TRAL SOCIETY", Evening News (21 May 1898), 4 

The committee of the Orchestral Society held its monthly meeting yesterday, Mr. Glentworth F. Addison, S.M., presiding. There were also present: Miss E. M. Woolley, Signor Hazon, G. Rivers Allpress, C. S. Cape, C. M. Deane, and H. N. Southwell . . .

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 November 1903), 8

DEATHS. ADDISON. - November 17, 1903, at his residence, Doonbah, Hunter's Hill, Glentworth Walsh Fraser, late senior stipendiary magistrate, Sydney, eldest son of the late Lieutenant-Colonel H.R. Addison, formerly 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays), aged 72 years.

"Obituary. MR. G. W. F. ADDISON", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (19 November 1903), 2

After a well-spent life of 72 years, Mr. Glentworth Walsh Fraser Addison, late senior stipendary magistrate of Sydney, passed peacefully away at Sydney on Tuesday evening. The deceased gentleman, who was one of the best known figures in the city, was a son of the late Lieutenant-Colonel H. R. Addison, of the 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays). His son Mr. G. Addison, is the present Clerk of Petty Sessions at Bathurst. In 1850, just about the time of the Victorian gold rush, he, then a young man, arrived in the southern State. After a few years spent there he came to Sydney and entered the Lands Department, and was subsequently transferred to the northern district, being appointed Sub-Gold Commissioner . . . Mr. Addison was the oldest living relative of the poet Addison, his grandfather, Judge Addison, British Resident of Borea (India) being the heir-at-law and collateral relative of the poet.

"Death of Mr. G. W. F. Addison", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (25 November 1903), 1369 

Musical works:

Heartsease, a ballad (words: "Geraldine") (Sydney: Sandon, [1858])


[Advertisemnent], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1858), 6 

HEARTSEASE, a new song, Published THIS DAY, words by Geraldine. SANDON and CO., George-st. . . .
JUST OUT, HEARTSEASE, a Ballad. F. MADER, stationer, George-street.

[Advertisement], Empire (4 February 1858), 6 

JUST PUBLISHED, price 2s., HEARTSEASE, a Ballad. The Words by Geraldine. Composed and dedicated to Mrs. M. Hanbury, by Glentworth Addison. JOHN L. SHERRIFF, 280, George-street, and all Booksellers.

Lost Marguarite; words by Henry Halloran, Esq., music by Glentworth Addison, arranged for the composer by E. H. Cobley (Sydney: James C. Fussell, [1861]; in The Australian musical bouquet) 

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 February 1861), 5 

The January number of the Australian Musical Bouquet - a collection of popular songs, operatic airs, &c., for the voice and the pianoforte, edited by Mr. Edwin H. Cobley, professor of music, Glebe Point Road, has been published by the proprietor, Mr. James C. Fussell, of Prince-street. The contents are:- A Volunteer Polka Mazurka, composed by the editor, Mr. Cobley; and a new Song, "Lost Marguerite," [sic] words by Mr. Henry Halloran, and music by Mr. Glentworth Addison. The third and last piece of music in this number (very neatly engraved by Mr. Engel) is a Christmas Hymn, as sung at Christ Church , in this city. The music and poetry of this elegant little serial are colonial; the whole thing is very prettily got up, and the price reasonable.

"MUSICAL", Empire (5 March 1861), 5 

"THE AUSTRALIAN MUSICAL BOUQUET", Empire (5 March 1861), 4 

. . . It contains . . . Lost Marguerite [sic], the poetry by Mr. Halloran and the music by Mr. Glentworth Addison . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"Glentworth Walsh Fraser Addison", Find a grave 

Autobiographical notes; Glentworth Walsh Frazer Addison [Family history] 

I was born in Manchester on 22nd April 1831. My father was at that time adjutant of the 2nd Dragoon Guards ("The Bays") who were quartered in Hulme (Cavalry) Barracks and I was born there. My earliest recollections are not of Manchester but of Limerick, Ireland where I was taken at a very early age. My grandfather T. P. Vokes Chief Magistrate of County of Limerick and I lived with him for ten or twelve years. Some of my relatives were connected with the Royal Navy and by their influence I was nominated to "H.M.S. Queen", the biggest and best ship in the Service. My grandfather's clerk took me over post haste from Limerick to Portsmouth but much to my disappointment my age was found to be over the limit for appointment to the Navy (although I had passed the necessary entrance examination). I then returned to Limerick, but shortly afterwards went to my Father at Bruges in Belgium. From there I was sent to school at Brussels. It was an English school, Mr. Williams a Welshman being the master. I remained there for a few years, my brother George being with me and I then returned to Bruges. In the meantime my grandfather T. P. Vokes (who had retired from his position as P.M. Limerick) came to live in Brussels and my aunt, Annie Vokes, soon afterwards married Count Alfred Is. Bylandt formerly Governor of Brussels. My father had a friend who had some influence with the management of the Great Seraing Ironworks at Liege and I was employed there for a few months. About 4000 people were employed in the Works but there was only one other Englishman besides myself. I had no taste for engineering although I spent a very happy time at Liege. Howsoever, my Patron who got me the opportunity died, and I therefore decided to go to London where my father was living. For a time I was employed in the firm of Moffatt & Coy. Tea Merchants, London. Mr. Moffatt was M.P. for Dartmouth and the largest Tea Firm in England. However, the discovery of gold in Australia made me restless and I decided to join the many thousands flocking to the Antipodes. After getting a large outfit together I joined the ship "Carnatic" at Plymouth and sailed to Melbourne where I arrived just before Xmas 1852 after a ninety days voyage. I had joined a party of 4 or 5 others on board ship and we had determined to go together to the goldfields. There were 4 Scotchmen and one Swiss in the party. We had a large tent which we first pitched in Canvas Town in the heart of the city of Melbourne. There were thousands of tents round us - people from all parts of the world. All classes, but at Canvas Town all equal - At night revolvers going off on all sides to show prowlers that each man was armed, - a kind of warning to possible thieves. My old friends the Terrys (Mrs. Terry a daughter of my fathers friend Capt. Hunter) were in Melbourne at this time and I saw a great deal of them. Mr. Terry was a merchant. Our party soon started for the Fields, our destination being Castlemaine. We walked all the way and had a dray for the baggage. Thousands on the road - a regular procession. Started digging at Castlemaine on 1st January 1853 (New Year's Day) "fossicking" old ground. Did fairly well. After a few months however Mr Terry wrote me from Melbourne asking me to join him in his office, I decided to do so and returned to Melbourne for that purpose. I remained for some months with Mr. Terry until his health failed and he returned to England. By his influence I received a position in the office of the Melbourne Herald then owned by Mr. Archibald Michie (afterwards Sir Archibald) and Mr. Morse. (Both partners being very kind to me.) I remained in the Herald office a few years but was persuaded to join my cousins the Emmotts in Sydney. Mr. Emmott had arrived from England some time before and was in the Customs Office Sydney. I was temporarily employed for a short time in the Customs and then received an appointment in the Department of Lands whence I was appointed sub Gold Commissioner at Tooloom near the borders of Queensland and N.S.W. I was afterwards appointed Asst. Gold Commr. at Ironbark and Bingara, then at Rocky River, Uralla and eventually Chief Gold Commr. Northern Goldfields (N.B. an exceptionally rapid promotion) Headquarters Armidale. . .

"Glentworth Walsh Frazer Addison", Flickr 

ADNEY, Marcus Leopold (Marcus Leopold ADNEY)

Composer, songwriter

Born Wareham, Dorset, England, 1853 (fourth quarter)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1899-1900
Died Sydney, NSW, 1901 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


1881, England census; Lancashire, Wavertree; UK National Archives, PRO RG 11/3717 

Salisbury Terrace / Marcus L. Adney / Head / 27 / Book keeper / [born] Lancashire Wareham
Harriet [Adney] / Wife / 31 / - / Middlesex Stepney
Ada [Adney] / Dau. / 1 / Lancashire . . .
Leopold A. Adney / Son / 5 months . . .

"NEW MUSIC", Evening News (21 March 1899), 8

We have received from the composer and author, Marcus Leopold Adney, the Australian National anthem entitled "Rise Australia." The verses are set to a simple and tuneful melody, and are of the usual patriotic type, Australia being told to rise, or wake, or advance, or to hail, or generally exert herself. However, it is not fair to criticise patriotic songs, and the verses in question are quite equal to the late effusion by the Marquis of Lorne. We might suggest an alteration in the lines "Sunny land of f golden spires, tempered by volcanic fires;" as it reads as though the golden spires had been tempered in the crater of an active volcano. On the whole we must compliment Mr. Adney on his musical and poetical production.

"MUSIC", Sunday Times (26 March 1899), 2 

A copy of an Australian national Anthem, entitled "Rise! Australia," - words and music by Marcus Leopold Adney - is to hand. It is of the usual order of patriotic songs, and is an average specimen of the same.

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1900), 4

[News], Evening News (5 July 1900), 7 

Mr. Marcus Leopold Adney, of 115 Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo, recently forwarded a copy of his new poem "Tom Daring," dedicated to the memory of the fallen at the war, to her Gracious Majesty the Queen. He has now received an intimation from the private secretary to the Governor that his Excellency is in receipt of a dispatch from the Secretary of State for the Colonies stating that her Majesty was graciously pleased to receive it. The poem, it may be stated, is set to the music of "Tom Bowling." This is the second occasion on which Mr. Adney has been favored with a mark of the Royal condescension. He has offered to donate 500 copies of the song, to be sold on behalf of the "Evening News" Patriotic Fund.


Rise! Australia (Australian national anthem written and composed by Marcus Leopold Adney) (Sydney: Andrews & Cook, 1899) 

Heroes of Mafeking (Sydney: John Sands, printer, [1900])

Tom Daring, to the tune of Tom Bowling 

MUSIC: For Dibden's tune, as arranged by Jules Riviere, see Tom Bowling

Bibliography and resources:

"Marcus Leopold Adney", AustLit

ADOLPHE, Monsieur & Madame (Monsieur ADOLPHE; Madame ADOLPHE)

Actors, dancers, ? vocalists (Charriere's company)

Active Sydney, NSW, by February 1842
Departed NSW, by end of June 1842 (for Batavia) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ASSOCIATIONS: Mons. and Madame Charriere; François and Madame Minard; Joseph and Madame Gautrot; John and Eliza Bushelle; Foreign Operatic Company 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (26 February 1842), 3 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (1 March 1842), 1 

"OLYMPIC", The Australian (3 March 1842), 2 

Mons. and Madame Gautrot take their benefit at this establishment tonight. The bill of fare is certainly very attractive. There are two French operettas . . . Madame Gautrot . . . appears, assisted by Mons. and Madame Charriere, the Adolphes, &c. . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (3 March 1842), 1 

Monsieur and Madame Gautrot
HAVE the honour to announce to the gentry of Sydney and its neighbourhood, and the public generally, that having taken the Theatre for
THIS EVENING, March 3, 1842, and having procured the assistance of several professional ladies and gentlemen, they have made arrangements for their
to take place this Evening ; when they trust that the novelty and variety of the entertainments will ensure them a portion of that patronage which the public has so liberally bestowed upon them.
Monsieur Gautrot begs also to intimate that
Monsieur and Madam Adolphe
will make their first appearance before a Sydney public on this occasion, in French popular characters; also that
Monsieur and Madame Charriere
will make their first appearance on the Olympic Stage on that occasion.
The entertainments will commence with a laughable opera, in one act, in the French language, called
Cavatini (Italian Singer) - Mr. Jacobs
Benini (his confidential servant) - M. Adolphe
Barbeau (tailor) - M. Charriere
Celestine (his daughter) - Mad. Gautrot. . .
To conclude with a French Vaudeville in One Act, called
Which will be performed as at the Grand Theatre in Paris.
Remi (Capt. of the Gend'armes) - Un Amateur
Anatole (Dancing Master) - Mons. Charriere
Isidore - Mons. Adolphe
Madame Remi - Mad. Adolphe
Madame Durand (Porter) - Mad. Gautrot.
Baptistine - Mad. Charriere.
The scene is supposed to take place at M. Anatole's, Dancing Master . . .

FIRST PIECE (as 1839 above): Le bouffe et le tailleur (opéra comique, words by Armand Gouffé and Villiers; music by Pierre Gaveaux, 1804)

FINAL PIECE: Les gants jaunes, vaudeville en un acte, par M. Bayard, représenté pour la première fois, a Paris, sur le Théatre national du Vaudeville, le 6 mars 1853 ([Paris]: [Barba], 1835) (DIGITISED)

"THEATRICALS", The Sydney Herald (2 May 1842), 2 

A new theatrical company has been formed in Sydney under the title of the "Foreign Operatic Company;" the principal performers are, Mr. and Mrs. Charriere, Mr. and Mrs. Gautrot, Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle, and Mr. Adolphe, with the two Brazilian Girls from the Olympic. They intend to give performances in the saloon of the Royal Hotel.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (3 May 1842), 3 

Under the distinguished Patronage of his Excellency Lieutenant General SIR MAURICE O'CONNELL, K.C.B.
THE ARTISTS of the FOREIGN OPERATIC and DRAMATIC COMPANY respectfully announce that, having obtained a License, from the Honorable the Colonial Secretary, they have at considerable expense fitted up the Lower Saloon of the ROYAL HOTEL as a Theatre where they will produce a series of the best French and Italian Musical Compositions, and the choicest Dramatic Pieces of the Parisian Theatres. By the valuable accession of MR. and MRS. BUSHELLE, as well as that of several distinguished Amateurs, a hope may be reasonably entertained that these performances will not be unworthy of the continued patronage of the Australian gentry and public. Trusting that the refined amusement to be derived from them in the first instance will be duly appreciated, the Managers earnestly appeal to the parents and guardians of the youth of Sydney to give, by the prompt and sustained extension of their patronage, an irresistible impulse to the study of languages and music on a legitimate principle, recognised in the present day. The utmost care will be taken to keep the Theatre strictly select by an uniform price of admission, and a rigid surveillance of the visitors. His Excellency Lieutenant General Sir Maurice O'Connell, K.C.B., having signified his intention of being present, the first representation will take place on
WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1842, and will consist of the truly laughable Vaudeville,
Remi, a retired captain of gens d'armerie - Mr. Bushelle
Anatole, a dancing master, a great coward, and always on the move - Mons. Charriere
Madame Durand, an old chattering and mischief making gossip - Mdme. Gautrot
Madame Remi, a much injured and falsely suspected woman - Mrs. Bushelle
Baptistine, a young milliner slightly infected by the green-eyed monster - Mdme.Chartiere
Isidore, cousin of Madame Remi - Mons. Adolphe.
Pas de Zephyre Dance, par Mdmselle. Emilia.
This piece will be followed by the much admired Comic Opera,
Cavatini, an Italian Buffo - Mr. Bushelle
Barbeau, a music-mad tailor, wished to exchange coats for notes - Mons. Charriere
Celestine, an ingenuous milliner, possessed of considerable musical talent - Mrs. Bushelle
Benini, confidant of Cavatini, and very confident of his own powers of pleasing the fair sex - Mons. Adolphe . . .
The evening's amusements will terminate by the admired Vaudeville, interspersed with songs, duets, and choruses, called
Coquardon, a retired restaurateur and great lover of music - Mr. Bushelle
Irene, his daughter - Mdme. Charriere
Leriset, a pianoforte tuner, and misanthropist through having lost his wife and his umbrella - Mons. Charriere
Philibert du Bouage, director of concerts in the open air - Mons. Adolphe
Honore Maillard, nephew to Coquardon, and in love with Irene - Amateur . . .
By permission of Col. French, K.H., the excellent
BAND OF THE 28TH REGIMENT will be in attendance . . .

"THEATRE FRANÇAIS", Australasian Chronicle (5 May 1842), 2 

The first performance of this company was given last evening, and, making due allowance for unavoidable deficiencies, may be said to have gone off well. The chief faults were in the selection, and the extreme length of the performances, caused by the interpolation of songs unconnected with the pieces, and the great delay between the parts. The first piece, Remi, is contemptible at best, and not very delicate. For instance, Mlle. Baptistine, when discovered issuing from Anatole's chambre a coucher, answers quite naivement, "ce n'est pas la premiere fois." The Buffo Singer is a piece of far different character. It contains much wit and some good music. The part of Barbeau was admirably performed by M. Charriere, who also represented the itinerant accordeur des pianos in the subsequent piece with much humour. Madame Gautrot and M. Adolphe were very happy in some things, and Mrs. Bushelle's excellent singing atoned for her bad French. We shall be glad to notice any improvement in the next selection, as well as any additions that may be made to the corps dramatique and the scenery.

"THE FRENCH THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (6 May 1842), 2 

About two hundred persons assembled in the saloon at the Royal Hotel, on Wednesday evening, to witness the performance of the little company which has been formed of French and Italian performers. Charriere is inimitable here, and Madame Charrière will make an excellent actress; Madame Gantrot was not in voice; Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle did well, but theirs was not "French," - the singing, however was good; the two young gentlemen, Adolphe and the amateur, want practice.

THIRD PIECE: Ma femme et mon parapluie, vaudeville en un acte, par M. Laurencin . . . (Bruxelles: Neirinckx et Laurel, 1835) (DIGITISED)

"THEATRE FRANCAIS", Australasian Chronicle (24 May 1842), 3 

We were much gratified by the foreign company's performance last evening. The pieces were better selected and shorter than on the previous evening. There was an important addition to the scenery, and upon the whole the acting was better. Mons. Charriere displayed a great deal of humour in the character of Christophe; and his Barbeau was inimitable. Madame Charriere's performance is also tasteful; and there is a gentlemanlike reality about Mons. Adolphe which is better than mere acting . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (15 June 1842), 2 

LOWER SALOON OF THE ROYAL HOTEL. UNDER THE SPECIAL PATRONAGE OF HIS EXCELLENCY, THE GOVERNOR, AND LADY GIPPS, and His Excellency SIR MAURICE O'CONNELL, K.C.B. Who have been pleased to signify their intention of honouring the performance with their Attendance. The Last Performance of the Foreign Operatic Company, Will take place THIS DAY, June 15th, 1842. The Pieces selected will be the well known sentimental Drama, enitled, PAUVRE JACQUES, interspersed with Songs, Duets, &c. Mons. Jacques, an old Musician, richer in Musical than Bank-notes, Mons. Charriere; Marcel, a young Poet, more favoured by the Muses than by Plutus, Mons. Adolphe; Bernard, a rich proprietor, a would be Composer, and great lover of Music, and just honest enough not to get hanged, Mr. Bushelle; Amelia, a young Italian Lady, Madame Charriere; Antoine, her faithful servant, An Amateur. Between the Pieces A CONCERT . . . The Evening's Entertainments will conclude with the highly comic and laughable Piece, called the EXTEMPORISED FAMILY. Characters - Hamelin, a Gentleman more remarkable for riches than wit. - Monsieur Adolphe . . . BAND of the 80th Regiment will attend . . .

FIRST PIECE: Le pauvre Jacques, comédie-vaudeville en un acte par M.M. Coignard frères, représenté pour la première fois, a Paris, sur le Théatre Du Gymnase-Dramatique, le 15 septembre 1835 (Paris: Chez Marchant, 1853) (DIGITISED)

See also Le pauvre Jacques: a vaudeville, in one act (translated from the French,) by Richard Ryan (London: John Cumberland, [? 1836]) (DIGITISED)

SECOND PIECE: La famille improvisée, scènes épisodiques par M. Henry Monnier (Paris: Barba, 1831) (DIGTISED)

[Advertisement], Javasche courant (5 October 1842), 

THÉATRE FRANÇAIS. Vendredi 7 Octobre 1842.
La compagnie Française sous la direction de M. MINARD . . LES MEUNIERS; OU, LES RENDEZ-VOUS NOCTURNES, Ballet-Pantomime en 2 actes, de M. Blache.
Au premier acte: ALLEMANDE COMIQUE, dansée par MM. Carrel, Adolphe et Mlle. Péroline.
Un PAS DE TROIS, demi-character, dansé par M. Adolphe, Mlle. Péroline et Mme. Adolphe.
Deuxième acte: Un Grand PAS DE DEUX, dansé par M. Murat et Mlle. Péroline.
GALOPS, par MM. Adolphe , Murat, Carrel, Mlle. Péroline et Mme. Adolphe . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Alison Gyger, Civilising the colonies: pioneering opera in Australia (Sydney: Pellinor, 1999), 47


Chinese musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1856 (shareable link to this entry)


"THEATRES", The Star (4 November 1856), 2

Our reporter being unable to obtain admission at the Montezuma last night, writes - Proceeding outwards to the Celestial entertainment we met with a more benign reception. The great attraction of the evening was the performance of six Chinese upon certain musical instruments. The number of persons present was about 2000, there being a great muster of Celestials. The principal performers were O-Wai and A-Fou, but what particular instruments they played we are at a loss to say. Out of the six musicians three performed on what bears some remote resemblance to an English violin; the bow used being somewhat similar to that used with a violincello. Two others performed on instruments played in the same fashion as a guitar, and the sixth had a small basket placed before him, fixed on three pieces of wood, which was evidently meant to represent a drum. This basket the performer beat with two very small drumsticks occasionally accompanying the action by singing. To say that these six Chinese "discoursed most eloquent music", would be to make a great mistake, as the sound produced reminded us of certainly nothing terrestrial which we ever heard before. The novelty of this entertainment drew a large company, together, but the music was far too peculiar to be generally appreciated.

"A CHINESE CONCERT ON BALLARAT", The Argus (5 November 1856), 5

[Advertisement], The Star (30 November 1856), 3

3,500 MANDARIN LIGHTS; ALSO Revolving Ching-hais, Dragons, &c., &c.
THE CELEBRATED CHINESE MUSICIANS, O-Wai and A-Fou, Principal Musicians to the O-ho of Tibet, Lassa, will perform SOLOS, DUETS, &c. During the evening on the KAI-PI! and HUC-MUC! . . .

"A CHINESE CONCERT ON BALLARAT", The Perth Gazette (16 January 1857), 4

AGNES, Marion (Marion AGNES; Miss AGNES)

= Agnes BOOTH

Theatrircal dancer, actor (active Sydney, NSW, 1856)

AGNEW, John (John AGNEW)

Musician, bandsman (96th Regiment), bandmaster (St. Joseph's Band, 1845-49), Drum-major (96th Regiment)

Born Dundalk, Louth, Ireland, c. 1813/14
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 22 September 1841 (per Asia, via Hobart Town)
Married Maria DRYAN (c. 1825-1882), Launceston, VDL (TAS), 2 January 1846
Departed Launceston, (VDL) TAS, 6 February 1849 (per General Hewit, for India)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, c. 1855
Died East Maitland, NSW, 12 October 1892, aged 78 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also Band of the 96th regiment

See also St. Joseph's Band

AGNEW, James Vincent (James Vincent AGNEW; James V. AGNEW)

Bandsman, amateur musician

Born Lahore, India, c. 1854; son of John AGNEW and Maria DRYAN
Arrived Sydney, NSW, c. 1855
Married Ada NOTT, Maitland, NSW, 1877
Died West Maitland, NSW, 28 June 1919, aged "65" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


1846, marriages in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:837657; RGD37/1/5 no 425A$init=RGD37-1-5p242 

No. 64 /Jan'y 2nd 1846 York St chapel Launceston / John Agnew /30 / Private 96th Reg't
Maria Dryan / 21 / Spinster / Married in the Baptist Chapel according to the rites and ceremonies of the Congregationalists by Henry Dowling Baptist Minister . . .

"LOCAL. Mark of Respect", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (19 July 1848), 3 

On Tuesday evening last the young men who compose the band of the St. Joseph's Society held a ball, &c., at the Music Hall, Collins-street, in order to raise funds to present Mr. Agnew, of the 96th band, with some slight mark of respect, for the great trouble he has taken in instructing them in playing the various instruments. The Hall was well filled with highly respectable people, who appeared greatly amused and delighted at the very clever manner in which the young men performed some fine tunes. Dancing was kept up to about 12 o'clock, when the Company broke up. We are also happy to state that the Vicar-General, on Thursday last, at the weekly meeting of the St. Joseph's T. A. S., proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. Agnew, for his zeal in instructing the young men forming the instrumental band to become proficients. These marks of respect must be highly satisfactory to Mr. Agnew, to which we are satisfied he is justly entitled, for we have witnessed on various occasions the great pains Mr. Agnew has always taken with the band to instruct them on the various instruments.

"96TH REGIMENT", The Courier (30 July 1855), 2 

The Head Quarters of this regiment were in Dublin in April. The gallant band is only about 300 strong.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1872), 1

On the 23rd instant, MARIA JUSTINA, wife of W. B. S. O'GRADY, Public school teacher, Monkittie, daughter of Drum-Major John Agnew, late of H.M. 96th Regiment.

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (22 April 1882), 4 

AGNEW. - Died, on the 14th instant, at her residence, East Maitland, Maria, the dearly beloved wife of John Agnew, late Drum Major of Her Majesty's 96th regiment, aged 53 and 7 months, leaving a husband and large family to mourn their loss. Launceston papers please copy.

"DEATHS", The Maitland Mercury (15 October 1892), 1

AGNEW. - On the 12th October, at his residence, Melbourne-street, East Maitland, after a long and painful illness, John Agnew, aged 78 years, late of H.M. 96th Regiment; also many years of the N. S. W. Police force. Launceston papers please copy.

"THE LATE JOHN AGNEW", The Maitland Mercury (15 October 1892), 4

Our obituary in last issue contained the name of John Agnew. Mr. Agnew had for many years been lockup keeper in East Maitland, but at the time of his death was living on the pension well-earned by attention to duty. He was one of the worthiest of the older police force that we have known; always courteous, punctilious in the discharge of duty, and precise and regular in his ways, as became a man whose army training had left an impress on his manners and formed his habits. A good old man has gone to his rest. The following particulars of Mr. Agnew's career will not be without interest. He enlisted in the 96th Regiment and served nearly thirty years, including eight years of service as a boy. He served in England, Ireland and Scotland, in Halifax, Jamaica, East India and Norfolk Island. He was in New South Wales with a detachment of his regiment early in the forties - when the military were required to control the convicts. He went thence to Launceston, where in 1845 he formed the oldest brass band in Australia - St. Joseph's Brass Band, which is still in existence. From Launceston he went to East India, where he remained until he left the army on a pension and with a long service and good conduct medal. In 1855 he returned to New South Wales, where he joined the police force in 1857. He was stationed four years in Largs and 21 years in East Maitland, till he was pensioned in 1882.

"ST. JOSEPH'S BAND. FIFTY YEARS' HISTORY", Launceston Examiner (6 July 1895), 3

. . . St. Joseph's Band was formed in July, 1845, in connection with St. Joseph's Total Abstinence Society, and may therefore be said to be the oldest association of its character in the colonies . . . The first bandmaster was the late Mr. John Agnew, of the 96th Regiment, and the original members were Messrs Charles Galvin, John McKenzie, William Mainsbridge, Andrew Skate, Arthur McIver, Francis McIver, Morgan O'Meara, William O'Meara, David O'Keefe, Thomas Keogh, Thomas Leary, John Murphy, and Bernard Lynch.

"Death of Mr. J. Agnew", The Maitland Mercury (28 June 1919), 4

. . . Born in Lahore, India, the late Mr. Agnew arrived in Australia with his parents when only a few years of age. He followed the occupation of a carpenter and joiner, and for a number of years was employed by James Wolstonholme, Limited. He was one of the founders of the Maitland Federal Band, in which he always took a great interest, and was well-known in musical circles generally . . .

"The World's Oldest Band Celebrates Its Centenary", Examiner (25 August 1945), 11

. . . The first bandmaster was the late Mr. John Agnew, of the 96th Regiment, and the original members were: Messrs. Charles Galvin, John McKenzie, William Mainsbridge, William Robins, Andrew Skafe, Arthur McIver, Francis McIver, Morgan O'Meara, William O'Meara, David O'Keefe, Thomas Keogh, Thomas Leary, John Leary, John Murphy, and Bernard Lynch. The first president was the late Rev. Dean Thomas Butler. Subsequently Mr. Joseph Galvin, John Galvin, Thomas J. Doolan, John L. Doolan, James Doolan, and Michael Doolan became members of the band. When Mr. John Agnew left with his regiment for India he was succeeded by Mr. Michael Dillon, solo clarionet player of the 11th Regiment Band, and after him Drum-Major C. W. Allen [sic], who had retired from the 96th Regiment, and remained in Launceston. Mr. Allen was the father of the late Mr. C. W. Allen, who was for many years a member of the Westbury Council, and for a term a member of the House of Assembly . . .

Bibliography and resources:

The cyclopedia of Tasmania: an historical and commercial review, volume 2 (Hobart: Maitland and Krone, 1900), 65

. . . It was formed in 1845 in connection with St. Joseph's Total Abstinence Society, the first bandmaster being John Agnew, of the 96th Regiment, and its original members Messrs. Charles Galvin, John McKenzie, W. Mainsbridge, Andrew Skafe, Arthur McIver, Francis McIver, Morgan O'Meara, William O'Meara, David O'Keefe, Thomas Keogh, Thomas Leary, John Leary, John Murphy, and Bernard Lynch. The late Dean Butler was first president of this band . . . Michael Dillon succeeded John Agnew and bandmaster, and he again was followed by Drum-Major Allen . . .


Chinese singer, government interpreter

Active Ballarat, VIC, by late 1850s
Departed c. 1880s (for China) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)


"VISIT OF HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR. TO BALLARAT", The Star [Ballarat, VIC] (2 September 1863), 2 

. . . The Chinese were loud in their manifestations of loyalty. About one o'clock a large crowd of persons and carriages were observed coming up the Main road. In the front of the cortege was a gaily decorated coach drawn by four horses, in which was a party of Chinese musicians. Then followed six coaches, each drawn by two horses, in which were the leading members of the Chinese community, conspicuous among whom was Mr. Ah Koon, the Chinese interpreter, who, mounted on a grey charger and arrayed in "bell-topper" and black suit, led the cortege. This procession turned by way of Barkly street to Golden Point, with gongs beating and other musical instruments sounding, until its arrival in China Town, where head ruler, and doctors, and interpreters got into some of the carriages. The procession having been reformed, made its way for the railway station, headed by Ah Koon and six horsemen; the noisy band aforesaid appearing to tickle the fancy of the youngsters of the town more especially . . .

[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

QUADRILLE BAND, Under the Leadership of Mr. Schraeder.
MISS PILKINGTON, MRS JAS. BUNCE, MISS LIDDLE, MR AMERY, And other Ladies and Gentlemen will assist.
MR. AH COON, Chinese Interpreter, has kindly consented to Sing a Comic Song in the Chinese Language, accompanied by full CHINESE BAND.

NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

At about nine o'clock Mr. Lang, the assiduous president of the institute, brought up to the orchestra a band of some tea or a dozen Chinese, whose services he had enlisted in the good cause. It had been announced that Mr. Ah Coon, the Government interpreter, would favor the company with songs in the Malay, Amoy, and Chin Choo dialects, but Mr. Ah Coon, it appears, did not feel himself in sufficiently robust health to trust his reputation as a vocalist to the hazard of an attempt that evening, confining himself to heralding to the audience the performances of his compatriots. With Chinese music and musical instruments our readers are somewhat familiar, but we dare say they will not be sorry to have the comments of an explanatory paper handed to us on Saturday evening by the president. From this we learn that Ge Sin played on the Kong-wai. The drums covered with buffalo skins were played by Ah Kow, and the gong by Le Tak. The Chinese guitar, or moot-kem, a flat circular instrument with four strings, played on by means of a small piece of bone, was manipulated by Lee-Sem. Wee-Pin played with bone the Sam-yen, a guitar like instrument of three strings, the sounding board being covered with snake-skin. The pan-ewoo, a flat disc of wood for the purpose of keeping time, was beaten by sticks. The shap-ar, a small oblong piece of hardwood six inches by three, was also used for marking time. Wee-Pin played the cymbals or cha, well known to dwellers in Ballarat East. Lee Tak also played the gong or laur, "very effective", as Mr. Lang says, "in producing loud music". Lee Yeng and Lee Chok played the tee-uh or tuk-tie, which produced sounds similar to the Scotch bagpipes, or Scotch organ, as Ah Coon calls the instrument. As we have before stated, Mr. Ah Coon did not sing, but Lee Tak and Kong Wai did. The first sang in his natural voice, and the second in falsetto; but, owing to the ponderousness of the accompaniment, neither could be heard. At the conclusion of the songs, the party retired amidst the applause which courtesy, if not appreciation demanded.

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3

"BALLARAT", The Argus (5 June 1866), 5

Hugh Ah Coon, late the Government ChineBe interpreter here, was committed to take his trial this morning for assaulting his adopted daughtor, Rachel Ah Coon, but was admitted to bail, himself in £200, and two sureties of £100 each.

"A VISIT FROM THE DEAD", The Maitland Mercury (22 July 1871), 2


Chinese musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1863 (shareable link to this entry)



[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

. . . The drums covered with buffalo skins were played by Ah Kow, and the gong by Le Tak . . .

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3

AKHURST, William Mower (William Mower AKHURST; W. M. AKHUST)

Dramatist, lyricist, composer, music critic, journalist

Born London, England, 29 December 1822; son of William AKHURST (1793-1866) and Harriet DICKINSON (c. 1788-1869)
Married Ellen TULLY (c. 1824-1915), St. George's, Bloomsbury, 1845
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 20 June 1849 (per Posthumous, from London and Plymouth, 13 March)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, July 1854 (per Havilah, from Adelaide, 7 July)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 16 February 1870 (per Kent, for London)
Died on return voyage to Australia, 6/7 June 1878 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (shareable link to this entry)

AKHURST, Walter Frederick (Walter Frederick AKHURST; Walter AKHURST; W. AKHURST)

Printer, lithographer, music publisher

Born North Adelaide, SA, 2 January 1854; son of William Mower AKHURST and Ellen TULLY
Died Sydney, NSW, 6 April 1904, aged 50 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

See also (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

William Mower Akhurst; detail of sketch by Charles Turner for cover of Beautiful swells (1868)

William Mower Akhurst; detail of sketch by Charles Turner for cover of Beautiful swells (1868)


Akhurst was born on 29 December 1822, and first went into business with his father as a linen draper and merchant. He married the actress Ellen Tully, daughter and sister of theatrical musicians, at St. George's, Bloomsbury, on 26 October 1845. The couple and their two children sailed for South Australia in March 1849.

Before leaving England Akhurst had written two pieces that were performed in London at James Ellis's Cremorne Gardens, "A barber's blunders" and "The Bosjesmen", and a vaudeville of the latter title (evidently inspired by appearances in London of troupes of native south African "bushmen") was adverised there in September 1847.

His first three Australian pieces were musical entertainments written in Adelaide for touring composer Sidney Nelson and his family. These were Quite colonial (first performed Adelaide, 29 June 1853), Romance and reality (first performed Adelaide, 28 July 1853), and The rights of woman (first performed Melbourne, 24 July 1854), performed with Nelson, the composer, at the piano, his son Alfred and daughers Marie ("Miss Nelson") and Carry ("Miss C. Nelson") as actor-vocalists.

Akhust came to Melbourne for the July 1854 premiere and decided to stay, his wife and children following him to Victoria in October.

He was evidently highly adept musically, though only put his name to one published composition, The Acacia waltz, in The Illustrated Melbourne Post in March 1864. For the rest, his published play scripts are full of new songs skilfully and often wittily fitted to well-known tunes.

Akhurst's fourth surviving son, Walter, was born in Adelaide in 1854. He worked for several years for Charles Troedel in his lithographic and printing business in Sydney. In May 1881, when Troedel moved to Melbourne, Walter established his own Sydney firm, Walter Akhurst and Co. (also "W. Akhurst and Co."). Over the next 20 years the company published much sheet music in Sydney under its own name, as well as printing for other houses.

Akhurst's brother, Julian James Akhurst (c. 1824-1885) was also in South Australia, working for George Coppin in non-theatrical business pursuits at his Royal Exchange in 1850; he died at Gilgunnia, NSW, in 1885.


1845, marriage solemnized at the parish chruch . . . St. George, Bloomsbury; London Metropolitan Archives 

No. 442 / William Mower Akhurst / of full age / Bachelor / Merchant / 33 Upper King Street / [father] William Akhurst / Linen draper
Ellen Tully / of full age / Spinster / Actress / 33 Upper King Street / [father] Thomas Tully / Musician

[Advertisement], London Daily News (13 September 1847), 1

CREMORNE. THIS DAY. - Ascent of the Veteran Green in the Great Nassau Balloon; Parachute with the two celebrated Monkeys, Jocko and Garnerin . . . the Genii of Perpendicular motion; the Vaudeville of Bosjesmen . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian (22 June 1849), 2

ARRIVED . . . June 20. The barque Posthumous, 890 tons, B. Davison, from London and Plymouth. Passengers: . . . Wm. Akhurst wife and infant.

"BIRTHS", South Australian Register (4 January 1854), 2 

On the 2nd instant, at North Adelaide, Mrs. W. M. Akhurst, of a son.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 June 1853), 2 

THIS EVENING (Wednesday), June 29, when will be presented, for the first time, an entirely, new and original Musical Farce, written expressly for these Entertainments, entitled "QUITE COLONIAL".
An entirely New and Original Musical Farce, written expressly for these Entertainments, by a gentleman of Adelaide, entitled
(The Music composed by Mr. S. Nelson.)
Mr. Chumley (faster than a married man ought to be, but with a tendency to reformation) - Mr. A. Nelson
Mrs. Chumley (a too confiding wife, worried to death by "those" servants) - Miss Nelson
Fanny Fossick (a cozening young lady, an old colonist) - Miss C. Nelson.
Duet, "What's the Matter, What's the Matter" - Miss Nelson and Mr. A. Nelson
Song, "Dear Australy" - Miss Nelson
Song, "I want a Husband Sadly" - Miss C. Nelson
Finale, "Kind Friends, your voices I entreat" - Miss Nelson, Miss C. Nelson, and Mr. A. Nelson . . .

"THE NELSON FAMILY", Adelaide Times (30 June 1853), 2 

We had the pleasure of attending the sixth entertainment of the Nelson Family at the Exchange yesterday evening, and were, in common with the entire audience, very highly gratified . . . The second part consisted of an entirely new and original musical farce, written expressly for these entertainments, and called "Quite Colonial," the music by Mr S. Nelson . It is very amusing, and full of good hits. Mr. and Mrs Chumley, recently arrived from England, are troubled much about servants, and at length a paragon is introduced to them, arrayed in the highest style of over dress, and glorying in most extravagant notions of an "attendant's" importance and immunities. The younger Miss Nelson peisonated the girl with much spirit. In deed the piece was well acted throughout, and went off so successfully, that the audience, who had been during half the performance convulsed with laughter, called loudly at its conclusion for the author, that he was compelled to appear upon the stage and receive their congratulations. We should suppose the farce will be repeated. It is certainly by far the be3t the Nelson Family have given us.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 July 1853), 2 

For the first time, a new Petite Comedy, written by Mr. W. M. Akhurst, entitled
The Mnsic incidental to the Piece composed, arranged, and selected by Mr. S. Nelson.
Mr. John Dobson (a young gentleman with "expectations," very matter of fact and fond) - Mr. A. Nelson
Mrs. Arabella Vavasour (a youthful Widow and lover of the Ideal) - Miss Nelson
Mary Smithers (her Maid, with her Mistress's interest at heart, and a Dictionary in her pocket) - Miss C. Nelson.
Ballad, "Charming Romance" - Miss Nelson
Song, "I've a plan" - Mr. A. Nelson
Duet, "To old regards appealing" - Miss Nelson and Mr. A. Nelson
Medley, "The trip overland" - Miss C. Nelson
Finale. "Let's put the question to our Friends" - Miss Nelson, Miss C. Nelson, and Mr. A. Nelson.
Mr. S. Nelson will preside at the Pianoforte . . .

"DEAR AUSTRALY", Launceston Examiner (15 October 1853), 4 

As sung by Miss NELSON, in Mr. W. M. Akhurst's musical farce" QUITE COLONIAL."

Dear Australy! although thy face
Is bright with beauty' every hue;
The heart is saddened but anew,
And would thy glowing charms efface.
Like Peri winging through the spheres,
And joying in eternal day;
Yet, banished still, the wanderer's tears
Shall flow for all that life endears,v So many thousand miles away.

Oh! blame me not that still I yearnv For scenes my infancy has known -
For friends whose love was all my own;
That to my native hearth I turn.
The gorgeous sheen of thy blue sky
Thy honest hearts none can gainsay.
No scene, fair land, can with thee vie,
Except that home for which I sigh,
So many thousand miles away.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVED", The Argus (12 July 1854), 4 

July 11. - Havilah, 257 tons, James Lowrie, from Adelaide 7th July, and Portland 10th July. Passengers in the cabin . . . Messrs. Wark, Magary, Ackhurst . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 July 1854), 8 

FIRST Night of a New Piece entitled the "Rights of Woman," Mechanics' Institution.
The Nelson Family's Musical Entertainment, this evening, Monday, July 24th, 1854.
Programme . . . Part II.
To conclude with (1st time) an enitrely original burletta, by the author of "Quite Colonial," "Romance and Reality," etc. entitled
The music composed and arranged by Mr S. Nelson.
Human beings.
Julian Vincent - A briefless barrister, out of town for the sake of quiet, and to escape from the sherriff's delicate attention. In the course of the piece his circumstances alter, and he gets up a declaration - Mr A. Nelson.
Miss Blanche Evans - A strong minded young lady, a pupil of the New Age, and a firm supporter of the "Rights of Woman" - Miss Nelson.
Cora Porks - Waitress at the Hippopotamus Hotel, a lover of oblong chins, and of one Habakkuk, who is invisible - Miss C. Nelson.
A Voice - Supposed to be that of Tap, a sheriff's officer, and which is at first considered foreign to the subject, but eventually contributes to a happy denouement - MIss C. Nelson.
Scene - A chamber on the first floor at the Hippopotamus Hotel, with a perspective view of a shoring beam and of the other side of the way.
Incidental Music.
Recitative and Air - What life as a poor Little Maid - Miss C. Nelson
Song - Woman's Rights - Miss Nelson
Duet - Stay and let me hear my fate - Miss Nelson and Mr. A. Nelson
Duet Medley - There's the Clock and the Cream Jug - Miss C. and Mr. Nelson
Finale - Away with idle fantasies
Mr. S Nelson will preside at the Piano forte . . .

"AUSTRALIAN THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL FUND [Melbourne]", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (18 July 1856), 3 

A meeting of the members of the theatrical and musical professions took place on Saturday afternoon, at Astley's Amphitheatre, for the purpose of considering a series of propositions relative to the establishment of a provident fund, and which had been prepared hy a sub-committee appointed at a previous meeting. About thirty gentlemen, principally connected with the several Melbourne theatres, attended, and having nominated Mr. G. H. Rogers their chairman, proceeded to transact the business for which they bad been summoned. The following resolutions were submitted seriatim to the meeting, and, except in one instance, approved of unanimously. Proposed by Mr. Leslie, seconded by Mr. Hancock - That in the opinion of this meeting it is desirable that a society, to be called the Australian General Theatrical and Musical Fund Association, be established in Victoria. Proposed by Mr. Akhurst, seconded by Mr. Lavenu - That the objects of this Association be primarily the furnishing assistance to its members in case of sickness or distress, and that tho granting annuities under certain conditions be regarded as one of its ulterior objects, provided the funds of the Association be at any time deemed sufficient to promote so desirable an end . . .

"MR. W. M. AKHURST", The Argus (27 January 1870), 6

Mr. W. M. Akhurst, a gentleman who has been intimately connected with the press and dramatic institutions of this city for the past 10 years, is about to return to England with prospects of increased professional success, and his departure from a community to whose entertainment he has contributed so much calls for more than passing mention. Mr. Akhurst arrived in Adelaide in 1849. His first engagement was on the Gazette and Mining Journal, and he was connected with the South Australian press for some five years. Before leaving England he had written two successful pieces for Cremorne-gardens, one called "A Barber's Blunders," and the other "The Bosjesmen." His first Australian production" for the theatre was a musical vaudeville, written for the Nelson family, called " Quite Colonial." This became very popular, and it was followed by "Romance and Reality," a piece of a similar character, Mr. Nelson composing the music.

Shortly after the gold discoveries Mr. Akhurst came over to Victoria, and for many years held responsible positions on the leading journals of the colony, occasionally producing compositions for the theatre, until at length journalism was almost forsaken for dramatic authorship. He was musical and dramatic critic for the Herald for many years, and filled that position with great ability and credit to himself. His first dramatic composition produced in Melbourne was a vaudeville, played at the Mechanics' Institute, under the title of "Rights of Woman." He then wrote, with Frank Soutten, nephew of Morris Barnett, a partly prose and partly metrical extravaganza called "The Battle of Melbourne," which was suggested by the commotion occasioned by the steamship Great Britain firing guns on her arrival one night while England was at war with Russia. This was played with great success at the old Queen's Theatre, under the lesseeship of Messrs. Chas. Young and J. P. Hydes. Mr. Akhurst next brought out "Rolla of Ours," a burlesque on "Pizarro," and on the opening of the Theatre Royal in July, 1855, he was selected to write the inaugural address. The burlesque extravaganza, "The Mirror of Beauty," followed, and in the same year he produced at the Olympic " L. S. D.," the first original pantomime played in the city. This seems to have been a success, for in nearly every succeeding year Mr. Akhurst was looked to for the Christmas pantomime at one or other of the leading theatres, and the following from his pen have been played in Melbourne, the majority on the boards of the Theatre Royal:- "The Rule of Three," "Whittington and his Cat," "Robin Hood," "Valentine and Orson," "The Arabian Knights," "Jack Horner," "The Last of the Ogres," "Baron Munchausen," "Gulliver," "Tom, Tom, the Piper's Son," "Robinson Crusoe," "The House that Jack Built," and "Jack Sheppard."

Mr. Akhurst was not idle during the intervals between these annual productions. He wrote for the Christy minstrels the burlesques of "Faust,""Masaniello," (since produced in Liverpool with great success), and "L'Africaine." More important than these were the burlesques for the Theatre Royal of "The Siege of Troy," "King Arthur," and "The Battle of Hastings," the two first of which were remarkably successful. Mr. Akhurst has also written a large number of character sketches included in Mrs. Case's entertainment, besides two entertainments for Mr. Farquharson; in addition to which he has adapted to the colonial stage numerous pieces, prominent among which are "The Yellow Dwarf," "The Forty Thieves" (two versions), "Ganem," "The Queen of Beauty," and "Ixion." He is also the author of "The Fall of Sebastopol," an equestrian and spectacular drama in three acts; and a piece de circonstance entitled "Coppin in Cairo."

It is satisfactory to bo able to state that Mr. Akhurst's industry has always been rewarded with a very large measure of public approbation. "The Siege of Troy," the year before last, had a run of 150 nights, and "King Arthur" was played uninterruptedly for six weeks. Many of the pieces named have also been played with unvarying success in the neighbouring colonies.

Mr. Akhurst having received promising offers from leading theatrical managers in London has made final arrangements to leave for England early next month, with the view of producing his two most successful burlesques in the British metropolis, and as the Londoners have not been slow to recognise Australian talent in several instances, he may safely be congratulated on the future opening before him of a wider field for the display of his versatile powers as a dramatic author. Mr. Akhurst has always had a peculiar aptitude for burlesque writing, and his excellent taste in music, besides his extensive acquaintance with everything appertaining to the musical art, has contributed much to his success, placing some of his burlesque compositions in order of merit far above the average of such pieces played here after a successful run at home. His departure will create a void in dramatic circles, and for the present there does not seem to be any prospect of his place being supplied. The performances at the Theatre Royal this evening, beginning at a quarter to 8 o'clock, are for Mr. Akhurst's benefit, and his many and long services in the cause of the colonial drama will no doubt secure, as they deserve, a recognition of a very marked character. The programme announced is of a specially interesting kind, Miss Cleveland, Miss Adelaide Bowring, Mr. Coppin, Mr. Rogers, and Mr. Barry O'Neil all giving their services.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . SAILED (HOBSON'S BAY)", Bendigo Advertiser (18 February 1870), 2 

February 16 . . . Kent, ship . . . 1100 tons, H. F. Holt, for London. Passengers - cabin: . . . Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Akhurst and two children . . .

"DEATH OF WILLIAM MOWER AKHURST. TO THE EDITOR", The South Australian Advertiser (22 August 1878), 5

SIR - The death of this gentleman once well known in the literary circle of Adelaide and Melbourne deserves a passing notice.
Mr. Akhurst was a pioneer of this colony, and in the older times was reporter and subeditor of the Adelaide Times when James Allen, better known as "Dismal Jemmy" on account of his doleful aspect and lugubrious articles, was the proprietor of that journal, and whose dullness was only relieved by Akhurst's racy leaders. Mr. Akhurst was subsequently editor of the Free Press, which, existed only about six months.
Shortly after the decease of that journal Mr. Akhurst repaired with his family to Melbourne during the feverish height of the gold digging times, where his gifted powers soon obtained him employment on the staff of the Argus, where as journalist and burlesque writer for the stage he remained a popular man for some years.
Latterly in England his witty and ludicrous pantomimes delighted crowded audiences at several of the leading theatres in London. He was again on his return to these colonies, but died on board the Patriarch, sailing vessel, on June 6th last, during her voyage from London to Sydney, some where about the age of 55 or 56.
Old colonists will well remember his genial social qualities, amiable disposition, and kindly nature, that never made an enemy; his infinite jest and ready humor, that used to "set the table in a roar:" and they will give a sigh to the memory of "Poor Akhurst," to whom glad life seemed so sweet and joyous a boon.
I am, &c., J. BOND PHIPSON. August 19th, 1878.

"WILLIAM MOWER AKHURST, BY A. PATCHETT MARTIN", The Herald (23 November 1878), 3 

. . . W. M. Akhurst was born at Brooke street, Grosvenor Square, London, on the 29th December, 1822. Prom his fourteenth to his twenty-sixth year he was engaged in mercantile business - the Manchester trade - in London; but even then his predilection for dramatic writing made itself manifest . . . It seems that in 1847 (he was then 25 years of age) he wrote two farces for Greenwood, manager of Cremorne Gardens, London, the titles of which were, A Barber's Blunders, and The Bosjemans, both of which were played with success that year. How he must have preferred this mere glimpse of theatrical success and notoriety to the most ample rewards of an arduous commercial career. I forgot to say that two years before this he did something that very few of us regard as farcical, viz., took a wife. She being Miss Ellen Tully, whose brother, James H. Tully, was for 14 years conductor at Drury Lane Theatre, and for many years held the same position at Covent Garden Theatre. In 1849, Akhurst, with his wife and young family, sailed for Adelaide in the ship Posthumous, where he arrived on the 20th June of that year . . . In 1853, he and a party of young men walked overland from Adelaide to the Forest Creek diggings, Castlemaine, a pretty stiff journey . . . Akhurst was a gold-digger for five months, with moderate success . . . In 1854, he came down to Melbourne, and was employed on the Argus as reporter, and subsequently as sub-editor for several years. After his arrival in Melbourne, Mr. Akhurst was for many years connected with this journal [The Herald] as subeditor . . .

"OPERA HOUSE. THE AKHURST BENEFIT", The Argus (21 March 1879), 6

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 May 1881), 5

A pleasant gathering took place at the Compagnoni Cafe last night, when Messrs. Charles Troedel and Walter Akhurst, the well-known lithographers and printers, entertained about 50 of their friends at dinner, the occasion of the festivity being the dissolution of partnership between the two hosts. Mr. Troedel will in future carry on business in Melbourne on his own account, and Mr. Akhurst will do tho same as far as Sydney is concerned . . . the chairman proposed "The health of Walter Akhurst and Co." He spoke of Mr. Akhurst's many good qualities, and of the faithful manner in which he had worked for Troodel and Co. during the last 16 years. In developing tho Sydney branch of tho business, Mr. Akhurst had only attained the success which he fully deserved by reason of his business capacity and energy; and he would now be sole proprietor of this Sydney business. (Applause.) He asked those around him to drink "Long life and prosperity to Walter Akhurst and Co." The toast was received with musical honours. Mr. Akhurst, in responding, said that during the sixteen years they had been associated in business, he had found Mr. Troodel a good master, a good partner, and a good fellow altogothor, and expressod the hope that he should carry on the business as well as had hitherto been the case . . . During the evening a number of songs were sung very nicely by different guests, Mr. Weber being the accompanist; and nothing marred the harmony of a thoroughly enjoyable reunion.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Daily Telegraph (30 May 1881), 1 

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1904), 6

Mr. Walter Akhurst, who tor nearly 25 years had carried on business in the city as a master printer, died yesterday. He was well known in bowling circles, especially in connection with the Balmain Club as skipper of several of the champion rinks in past years. He was one of the founders of the club, and was also a member of the Annandale and other clubs. His health had been falling for some time, and lately he had not been able to take an active part in the game.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1904), 6


AKHURST - April 6, at Prince Alfred Hospital, Walter Akhurst, aged 50 years.

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 April 1904), 1

AKHURST. - On the 6th April at Sydney, Walter Frederick Akhurst, fourth son of the late William Mower Akhurst.

Musical works (W. M. Akhurst) (digitised):

The Acacia waltz, W. M. Akhurst (in The Illustrated Melbourne Post (24 March 1864)) (DIGITISED)

Paris the prince, and Helen the fair; or, The giant horse and the siege of Troy! a classical burlesque extravaganza by W. M. Akhurst (Melbourne: Theatre Royal, 1868) (DIGITISED)

Beautiful swells, celebrated duet, sung by Miss Docy Stewart and Miss Marion Dunn in Mr. W. M. Akhurst's burlesque extravaganza King Arthur, performed at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne (Melbourne: For the author by C. Troedel, [1868]) 

My dear girls she's a pal of mine, duo piquant as sung by Miss Docy Stewart & Miss Marion Dunn in The siege of Troy, the words by W. M. Akhurst (Melbourne: C. Troedel, [1868]) (DIGITISED)

The house that Jack built; or, Harlequin progress, and the love's laughs, laments and labors, of Jack Melbourne, and Little Victoria; a fairy extravaganza opening to pantomime by W. M. Akhurst (Melbourne : H. Cordell, Printer, [1869]) (DIGITISED)

Harlequin Jack Sheppard; or, The disreputable detective, the clever kleptomaniac, and the plot of the piebald goblin; an entirely new and original Xmas pantomime by W. M. Akhurst (Melbourne: Printed by Abbott and Co., [1869]) (DIGITISED)

Musical publications (Walter Akhurst; W. Akhurst and Co.): (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

"Akhurst, William", in Philip Mennell, The dictionary of Australasian biography (London: Hutchinson & Co., 1892), 6 (DIGITISED),_William

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 124-25

Andrew Lynch, "Marvellous Melbourne's middle ages: the burlesque extravaganzas of W. M. Akhurst", Australian Literary Studies 26/3-4 (2011), 36-53;dn=201208333;res=IELAPA (PAYWALL)

ALCOCK, Edward (Edward ALCOCK)

General printer

Born c. 1794
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1841; by 1845 as music printer
Died North Brisbane, Moreton Bay, NSW (QLD), 24 September 1854, aged 60 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (shareable link to this entry)

Musical and other publications:

A good black gin, an Australian melody, poet, Lieut. J. W. Dent; composer, I. Nathan (Sydney: W. Moffitt, 1845) 

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 127 (DIGITISED)

ALDERMAN, Valentina Zerbina (Mrs R. G. ALDERMAN)

Violinist, orchestra leader, teacher of music

Born 1858
Died Adelaide, SA, 14 May 1938


Violinist, conductor

Born Adelaide, SA, 8 November 1884
Active SA, by 1891
Died Adelaide, SA, 13 June 1916



"BIRTHS", South Australian Register (15 November 1884), 4

"STRING QUARTET CLUB'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (9 October 1885), 6

The fifth concert of the Adelaide String Quartet Club's sixth season was given in the Y.M.C.A. Hall on Thursday afternoon in the presence of a fair audience, including His Excellency the Governor. The committee are to be complimented upon their good fortune or good management, as the case may be, in that there was heard little or none of that objectionable noise which has at previous concerts proceeded from the adjacent buildings. The concert was thus rendered much more enjoyable. The opening selection was a Mozart quartet for two violins, viola, and violoncello, played by Mr. G. Hall, Mrs. Alderman, and Herren Grenfeld and Reimers.

"General News", Southern Argus (24 December 1891), 3

A CONCERT PARTY. It is announced that a party of highly accomplished musical artists will visit the Southern towns daring the Christmas season. Those mentioned are Mrs. Alderman, who has on several occasions appeared as leader of the Adelaide Philharmonic Society, Miss De Gay, who has travelled as a soprano and pianist through the colonies with professional companies, Master Eugene Alderman, a wonderful young violinist, Mr. L. A. Bristow, a tenor who has taken leading parts in the city musical societies, and Mr. H. B. Holder, whose reputation as a cultivated basso is sufficient guarantee of his skill. The first concert will be given in the Strathalbyn Institute Hall on Saturday, December 26, the second at Port Victor on Monday, December 28, and the third at Stirling West on the following evening.

"DEATH OF MR. EUGENE ALDERMAN", Chronicle (17 June 1916), 16

"UNSELFISH CHARACTER", News (17 February 1930), 10

"FUNERAL NOTICES", The Advertiser (16 May 1938), 12:

ALDIS, William Henry (William ALDIS; William Henry ALDIS; W. H. ALDIS)

Salaried vocalist (St. James's Church, Sydney), amateur vocalist, convict, compositor, tobacconist

Born Middlesex, England, c. 1804/05
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 August 1827 (convict per Manlius (1), from London, 11 April)
Married Mary Ann LENNOX (1815-1896), St. Philip's, Sydney, NSW, 1834
Died Sydney, 21 January 1872, aged 67 years ("68 years" on gravestone) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Aldis, having been convicted of a petty theft in London in January 1826, was sentenced to be transported for seven years.

He arrived in Sydney on the Manlius in August 1827, and by May 1828 he was collector of monies for Robert Howe's The Sydney Gazette. In 1832 he was fulfilling a similar role for Ward Stephens and Frederick Stokes at the The Sydney Herald, and afterwards also as a town collector.

In 1829, Aldis, along with several other convicts, was also employed as a singer in the choir of St. James's Church, Sydney, on a small retainer. However, after appearing in a public concert for Barnett Levey in September that year, he and fellow vocalist, Harriet Edmonds, were dismissed from the church choir by the chaplain, Richard Hill.

"Mr. Aldis" appeared a glee with Maria Taylor and Conrad Knowles in George Gordonovitch's concert in January 1835, and took over Gordonovitch's tobacco business in 1837.

He was one of the principal vocalists in John Philip Deane's first Sydney concert in May 1836, and in William Vincent Wallace's oratorio at St. Mary's cathedral in September.

Aldis was a friend of Ludwig Leichhardt, and, by Leichhardt's own account, the first to recognise the explorer on his unexpected return to Sydney in 1846.

Aldis was honorary treasurer of the Sydney Philharmonic Society in 1860, and of the Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society in 1861.

He was declared insolvent in 1867, and died in 1872 "an old and much respected colonist".

His daughter Hannah Aldis (Mrs. W. H. Palmer) and granddaughter, Gertrude Palmer, were both professional musicians, and his son, Edwin Aldis, a musical amateur.

In 1845, Aldis commissioned a 3-rank chamber organ for his residence from William Johnson.


Old Bailey Proceedings Online, 12 January 1826, trial of WILLIAM ALDIS, t18260112-11 

192. WILLIAM ALDIS was indicted for stealing, on the 4th of January, 1 ream of writing paper, called demy, value 18s., the goods of Christopher Magnay and others, his partners. JOHN ELL: I am in the employ of Messrs. Christopher Magnay and Sons, of College-hill, Thames-street. I saw the prisoner come out of the warehouse with this ream of paper - he was a stranger - I said I thought he was not right; he said he was perfectly right - that he came from Mr. Hartnell, of Wine-office-court; EVAN WILLIAMS: On the 4th of January I was on Garlick-hill, I heard the cry of Stop thief! and saw the prisoner running without his hat; I stopped him - the paper laid in Maiden-lane; WILLIAM JOYCE: I took charge of him. GUILTY. Aged 22. Transported for Seven Years.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 May 1828), 1

THE Attention of the Subscribers and Advertisers to this Journal (the Sydney Gazette) is earnestly requested to the Defrayment of their Accounts, which are either furnished, or are now furnishing. * * * William Aldis is the Collector in Sydney.

Colonial Secretary LC, Cash vouchers 1829, State Archives NSW, 4/296 (transcr. Rushworth 1988, 363)

[St. James's Church], Chaplain Hill, £250 [per annum]; Clerk, 20; Collector of Pew Rents, 5; Sexton, 20; Beadles (2), 15 each; Pew openers (2), 10 each; Teacher of the Choir and Organist, Mr. Pearson, £26 ; ditto, for tuning the organ, 8; Singers, Harriet Edmonds, 10; Ann Lancaster, 5; E. Hoare, J. Parton, G. Shepherd, Wm. Aldis, R. Cooper, S. Pawsey, 5 each; Organ blower, Geo. Mills, 4 6s 8d; Watchman, 13; Grave Digger, 13.

"Wednesday's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (19 September 1829), 3 

. . . The glee of "The Bells of St Michael's Tower" went off remarkably well, and gave much satisfaction - it was sung by Messrs. Clarke, Aldis and Edwards (bass) . . . "Two different passions sway my mind" by Mr. Aldis was well received. The glee of "Lightly tread" however called for much louder plaudits; it was sung by Messrs. Aldis, Clarke and Edwards . . .

MUSIC: The bells of St. Michael's tower (Knyvett); Two different passions sway my mind (song, by Gesualdo Lanza, for Charles Incledon, in The deserts of Arabia, London, 1807); Lightly tread (Berg)

[News], The Australian (23 September 1829), 3 

. . . What shall be said when it is known that two persons, a man and female, who gained a livelihood by singing in the choir at St. James's Church, have been discharged from their situation within this week past by the officiating Minister, for assisting as performers at the late concert? . . .

[News], The Australian (25 September 1829), 3 

The two choristers dismissed a few days since by the officiating Chaplain at St. James's Church, from their places, for the crime of singing at the late Public Concert, which the Venerable Archdeacon Broughton, it was expected, would have favoured with his presence, have not forfeited their means of obtaining a livelihood, as inferred by a paragraph in our last publication, we are glad to hear; the compensation allowed these singers amounting annually to but a trifle. Still the singularity of their abrupt dismissal remains unaltered. We hear the puritanical Pastor being too good and evangelical to live among the worldly going folk here, who can discover no sort of moral harm in a little innocent recreation betimes, will be treated with a rustication shortly.

"CHIT-CHAT", The Sydney Monitor (28 September 1829), 3 

. . . The Reverend Mr. Hill has dismissed two of the choir singers at St. James' Church, for contaminating their voice and persons, by being present at Mr. Levey's last Concert, at which the Judges were present. The public are in ardent expectation, that this Reverend Gentleman will be invited to give way to some Universty-bred Clergyman, whose model of preaching will be equally plain and a little more connected . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (21 October 1829), 3 

. . . Webb's Glee - "Glorious Apollo from on high beheld us" - followed next - the three parts being well taken among Messrs. Aldis, Hall, and Davis - the thunder which now rumbled hoarsely outside, amid torrents of rain, mingling in with the trio - "in concert and rude harmony" and making no indifferent thorough-bass. "In gaudy courts with aching hearts" was next sung, by Mrs. Edmonds and Mr. Aldis, with good effect; and at the conclusion there rung through the house the cry encore - encore . . .

MUSIC: Glorious Apollo (Webbe); In gaudy courts with aching hearts (Shield, from Rosina)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (16 July 1832), 4 

NOTICE. MESSRS. STEPHENS and STOKES of the "Sydney Herald," beg to inform the Public, that no Person is authorised to receive Money on their account, without giving a Printed Receipt, with the signature of the Firm. And they further beg to notify that Mr. William Aldis is the Collector for Sydney . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 July 1832), 1 

"Australian Chronicle." THE Inhahitants of Sydney are respectfully informed, that Mr. William Aldis, No. 56, Castlereagh-street, (nearly opposite the Waggon and Horses), has been appointod Collector and General Agent for the "Australian Chronicle" and will immediately wait upon them with copies of the Prospectus, and to solicit the honour of their patronage . . . Sydney, 14th July, 1832.

"MR. GORDONOVITCH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1835), 2

"CONCERT", The Australian (23 January 1835), 2

[Editorial], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 July 1835), 2 

. . . From them the conduct of the Herald has descended from dire necessity, to two emancipated convicts, William Henry Aldis and Henry Murray, who have been the open advocates of an intolerant and tantalising exclusion against the party to which they belong - and this elevation and association of object has in the scale of society, induced these fellows to assume a position unauthorised, and, in our opinion, dangerous. The establishment of the Herald was a speculation in which the worthies now at its head were the mere instruments used in its accomplishment. Both were employed as clerks in the Gazette Office, and Mr. Ward Stephens in a very subordinate situation. While here he was particularly accommodating to the poor convict servants of the house whose necessities he frequently relieved, during the week with a few shillings, on condition that on Saturday evening, the principal and interest were to be repaid . . . Here therefore is the young gentleman - the leading pink of pride in talent and propriety, who lends his weapons - the columns of the Sydney Herald - to the more adept management of his old companions, Aldis and Murray - and who is Aldis? This fashionable was under Stephens, a convict in the Gazette Office, and held one of the most menial situations for a considerable time in the service. He is now, reputed part editor of that delectable and pure sheet, with Mr. Murray . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (12 May 1836), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 March 1837), 3

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (10 September 1842), 3

"ORGAN BUILDING", The Australian (18 October 1845), 3 

We were much gratified yesterday by an inspection of a beautiful chamber finger-organ which has just been completed by Mr. W. J. Johnson for Mr. Aldis, the tobacco merchant. Its compass is from CC to F in alt, and it has four stops, viz., diapason treble, diapason bass, principal, and dulciana, and is furnished with Venetian swell. The case is made of cedar, with handsomely ornamented gilt, pipe front - altogether forming an elegant construction, highly creditable to the builder. We understand this is the third instrument built by Mr. Johnson in the colony: the first was for the temporary Cathedral Church, George-street; the second for St. Matthew's, Windsor; and two more of larger dimensions are in progress, viz., one for the Independent Chapel, Pitt-street, and one for the Church Society . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1861), 1

"LEICHHARDT'S LAST HOME CORRESPONDENCE", The Argus (13 September 1865), 5

. . . An intelligent, much-liked tobacco merchant, named Aldis, had assisted me when I started before most friendly and strongly, and he was the first whom I met when I landed. When he had recollected me (and this took a pretty long time) he gave vent to his feelings in such a glorifying welcome that I did not know what to think of it. And when he accompanied me to Lynd's house, and called out to everybody in the street. "There is Leichardt, whom we buried long ago, about whom we sang songs of death; he comes from Port Essington, and has conquered the wilderness."

"DIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 January 1872), 1

On the 21st instant, at his residence, No. 1 William-terrace, Bourke-street, Woolloomooloo, WILLIAM HENRY ALDIS, aged 67 years, an old and much respected colonist.

"IN MEMORIAM", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1888), 1 

ALDIS - In affectionate memory of my father, the late W. H. Aldis, who (in his days of prosperity) contributed liberally to the progress of our public charities, and also to the advancement of the fine arts. Died January, 1872.

Bibliography and resources:

"William Henry Aldis", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

ALDIS, Hannah Hay (Mrs. W. H. PALMER)

Pianist (pupil of Boulanger)

Born Sydney, NSW, 11 December 1838; baptised St. Philip's, Sydney, 17 January 1839
Died Sydney, NSW, 25 November 1912, aged 73 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Two published prints were dedicated to her, Miska Hauser's impromptu Australian flowers in December 1856, and the Rosalind schottische, "dedicated to Miss Aldis by the composer Douglas Callen" in 1859.


"REVIEW", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1856), 5

"SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 April 1857), 4

"MARRIAGES", Empire (24 November 1863), 1

"MRS. W. H. PALMER'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1869), 4

"Mrs. Palmer's concert", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1884), 10

"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1884), 8

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1912), 8

"PERSONAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1912), 18

The death took place on Monday at her residence, Ocean street, Woollahra, of Mrs. Hannah Hay Palmer, at the age of 73 years. Mrs. Palmer was a native of Sydney. Her father was Mr. W. H. Aldis, a merchant of this city in the early days. Old colonists will recollect Mrs. Palmer as a lady of high musical talent. There is a link connecting her with Chopin. She was a pupil of Boulanger, and he, in turn, was a pupil of the great composer. Miss Aldis was a brilliant pianist, and when a girl of 14 she gained distinction by her playing at the opening of the Sydney University. For many years Miss Aldis (afterwards Mrs. Palmer) took part in the leading concerts of Sydney, and was a prominent figure in the musical world . . . Her daughter is Miss Gertrude Palmer, who is a well-known solo pianist and accompanist . . .


Daughter of W. H. Aldis

Pupil of Edward Boulanger

Wife of William Henry Palmer

Mother of Gertrude Palmer

ALDIS, Edwin Charles

Journalist, musical amateur

Born Sydney, NSW, 17 September 1835; baptised St. Philip's, Sydney
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 December 1879 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1862), 2 

TO EDWIN C. ALDIS, Esq., &c., &c., &c.

Dear Sir, - On the eve of your departure from this district we wish to convey to you the general regret your resignation has occasioned. It, however, affords us the pleasing opportunity of briefly expressing the compliment we are called upon to pay you. Since your residence amongst us we have, on all occasions, in our intercourse with you received the most courteous attention; and your general affability and obliging deportment have secured you the respect and esteem of all parties.

But such of us who are members of the Church of England cannot pass over in silence your successful efforts in obtaining an "Harmonium" in our church, and it is mainly due to your praiseworthy and laudable exertions which have thus promoted and established a "Choir," which has rendered our Church Service so beautifully complete.

We must also convey to you our sincere thanks for your considerate attention to our convenience in affording us regularly the daily Sydney time. But last, though not least, jour vnluablo contributions to the Sydney press deserve public recognition, as on all occasions we have observed your articles have not only borne the testimony of facts, but have had for their object the welfare of the district.

In bidding you "Farewell," permit us to express our best wishes for your future happiness and success, and a rapid realisation of those honourable aspiratisns which are so vividly conspicuous in your many excellent qualities, which have so warmly endeared you to all during your residence amongst us.

(Signed) DAVID DUNLOP, J. P.; WILLIAM JOHN COBCROFT, J. P.; HUGH C. CLAUGHTON, Clerk; JOHN MAHER, C.C. (Here follow 50 signatures)

To David Dunlop, Esq., J.P., William J. Cobcroft, Esq., J.P., Rev. Hugh C. Claughton, and Rev. John Maher, and the ether gentlemen signing the above address.

Gentlemen, - No one can value more highly than I do the unexpected and flattering address you have been pleased to make me. I am aware from this how fully you sympathise with my wishes, but at this moment I am at a loss for words sufficiently to express the gratification it will ever afford me to conceive myseld worthy of your esteem . . . I remain, gentlemen, Your obedient humble servant, EDWIN C. ALDIS.


Professor of music, pianist, composer

Born Norwich, England, c. 1840; baptised Didlington, Norfolk, 16 March 1840, son of Frederick ALEXANDER (1798-1865) and Mary SAUL (1801-1887)
Arrived Auckland, NZ, 7 March 1859 (per John Scott, from London) Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 18 June 1860 (per Red Jacket from New Zealand) Married Mary Elizabeth CRUSE (1835-1927), All Saints church, St. Kilda, VIC, 16 January 1868
Died Launceston, TAS, 20 April 1876, aged 36 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Baptisms solemnised in the parish of Didlington in the county of Norfolk in the year 1840; Norfolk Record Office 

"Shipping Intelligence. PORT OF AUCKLAND . . . ENTERED INWARDS", Daily Southern Cross [NZ] (8 March 1859), 2 

March 7 - John Scott, 655 tons, Harrison, from London. Passengers - Right Rev. C. J. Abraham, Bishop of Wellington, Mrs. Abrahams, Charles H. Abrahams, Frederick, Mary, Julia, Caroline, Henry, and Albert Alexander . . .

"BALL AT THE AUCKLAND LUNATIC ASYLUM", New Zealander (19 March 1859), 3 

Amongst the amusements of St. Patrick's Day, 1859, in this City, we are glad to be able to state that the unfortunate inmates of the Lunatic Asylum were not forgotten. The Provincial Surgeon, following up the system of treatment initiated by him at our Lunatic Asylum here, and which is now so universally adopted, gave a ball on Thursday night to the patients committed to his care, and our readers will be gratified to learn that several of these poor sufferers were easily persuaded to join in the dance, and manifested much enjoyment. The whole of them conducted themselves with the utmost decorum. Mr. Albert Alexander, a young gentleman lately arrived from England, and an accomplished musician, was one of the invited guests of the evening, and contributed in no small degree to give zest to the entertainment by his singing, and by his playing on the pianoforte. The results of this first ball have been such as to give more and more confidence in the eflicacy of what may be truly called the mental government of the insane.

"THE FIRST PUBLIC REHEARSAL of the Fourth Season of the Auckland Choral Society . . .", New Zealander (26 March 1859), 3 

. . . was given on Thursday evening . . . Great additional interest was given to the rehearsal by the harp solo of Mr. Brooks and the pianoforte solo of Mr. Albert Alexander - two new-comers who have at once begun to contribute to the musical entertainment of their older fellow-colonists . . . Mr. Alexander selected the "March" and "Finale" from Weber's celebrated "Concert-Stuck," a composition of no ordinary difficulty which he has evidently wellstudied, and his performance of which was warmly applauded . . .

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (20 June 1860), 4 

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 April 1861), 8


"DEL SARTE'S ROOMS", The Mercury (5 December 1868), 3

"VICTORIAN SCHOTTISCHE", Launceston Examiner (23 May 1871), 2

"MISS SHERWIN'S CONCERT", Launceston Examiner (5 October 1872), 5

"MISS SHERWIN'S CONCERT AT THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Cornwall Chronicle (7 October 1872), 2

"MR. ALBERT ALEXANDER'S CONCERT", Cornwall Chronicle (25 June 1873), 3

"DEATHS", Launceston Examiner (22 April 1876), 2

"THE SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. ALBERT ALEXANDER", Cornwall Chronicle (21 April 1876), 2

Yesterday morning Mr. Albert Alexander was seized with a fit of apoplexy at his residence, Canning street, and messengers were sent off in search of medical aid. Some time was lost before Dr. Mason was found by Mr. McLeod and driven to Mr. Alexander's house, which he reached at 20 minutes past 11 o'clock, but too late to be of any service. The unfortunate gentleman was quite dead, and from Dr. Mason's previous knowledge of Mr. Alexander's constitution and the appearances on the body, it was evident that the cause of death was apoplexy. The deceased was a member of the Royal Academy of Music, a well educated, gentlemanly man, and a talented pianist. He accompanied the Rev. Canon Brownrigg on his last trip to the islands in the Straits in the mission cutter. He was conductor of the Launceston Choral Society, the latest musical organisation here; and a talented teacher and conductor. Mr. Alexander leaves Mrs. Alexander and two young children to deplore their sudden bereavement. An inquest is to be held before Thomas Mason, Esq., Coroner, at the residence of deceased at 12 o'clock to-day. Mr. Alexander was a native of Norwich, England, and he resided for some time at Melbourne, for a few years at Hobart Town, and in Launceston for the last five or six years. We are informed that Mr. Alexander had his life insured in one of the life offices. It is to be hoped, for the sake of his widow and family, that he had.

"THE LATE MR. ALBERT ALEXANDER", Launceston Examiner (22 April 1876), 5 

An inquest was held yesterday upon the body of Mr. Albert Alexander, R.A.M., at his late residence . . .

ALEXANDER, Jemmy (European name)

Indigenous singer and dancer

Active Moreton Bay, NSW (QLD), 1850s
Died (drowned, or disappeared from record), 1863 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"POLICE CASES", The Moreton Bay Courier (22 October 1853), 3 

On Wednesday "Jemmy Alexander" a well known Moreton Bay black, whose visit to England was some time back noticed in this journal, was charged at the Police Office, with having been found on the premises of Mr. H. B. Watson, at Kangaroo Point, for an unlawful purpose. Mr. Watson deposed that Jemmy had been dancing and singing there for the amusement of himself and friends, and that he went away at about 9 at night.; but at three in the morning Mr. Watson found him in the house, and attempted to seize him. He made his escape, and was subsequently apprehended by Constable Watts, in Capt. Geary's kitchen. The constable deposed that prisoner was then sober. A written statement in favour of Jemmy, was handed in by some white friend of Jemmy's and read by Mr. Duncan, who, with Capt. Barney, presided. The statement was to the effect that Mr. Watson, Mr. Alcock, and others, had made Tommy drunk, and had forced him to drink, and that it was very cruel to force "a poor black fellow" to drink against his will, and then put him in the watch-house because he missed his way . . . Mr. Duncan closely questioned Mr. Watson as to supplying the prisoner with drink. Witness denied having done so himself, but said that he believed Mr. Alcock had given a glass of gin, and Mr. Garling a glass of rum. Mr. Duncan directed informations to be filed against those parties, and sentenced Jemmy to forty-eight hours in gaol; commenting at the same time upon the impropriety of Mr. Watson making the prisoner drunk . . .

ALFORD, Madame

Professor of Music, pianoforte

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1854


A pupil of Henri Herz, she advertised only briefly in Melbourne; otherwise unidentified.


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 June 1854), 8

ALFRED (prince Alfred; H.R.H. duke of Edinburgh)

Musician, violinist, pianist, composer

Born Windsor, England, 6 August 1844
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 31 October 1867 (per Galatea)
Departed 26 June 1868
Private second visit 28 January 1869 to early 1871
Died Germany, 30 July 1900 (NLA persistent identifier)


"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 November 1867), 4

The visit of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh has set the musicians of this and the neighbouring colonies at work composing to his honour, and the result has been the production of some good music, the most striking being the "Galatea Waltz," by Mr. Charles Edward Horsley. The first in the field was Mr. C. W. Rayner, with an "Ode" to the Prince, well harmonised and very pleasing. Mr. Jackson has written a decidedly smart, and, in point of construction, original galop, entitled, "The Brave Boys." A lady amateur presents the public with the "Duke of Edinburgh Schottische," striking if not original, the theme, apparently, taken from the song "Oh, my courage," in the opera of "Maritana." Mr. Alfred Anderson contributes a set of quadrilles styled "The Royal Visit" - which are pronounced to be excellent; the title page contains a highly   finished photograph of Prince Alfred, from Adelaide (through Messrs. Elvy and Co.). We have received two pieces composed in that city - one a polka brilliante "the Galatea," by Mr. F. Ellard, and the other, the Prince Alfred Waltz, by Mr. George Loader [Loder] - both possessing merit, but certainly not, as the Adelaide papers have it, superior to any other composition. In addition to those above enumerated, Mr. John Hill, whose name is well-known in musical circles in London, has two galops the "Galatea" and "Prince Alfred" in the press, and Mr. Henry Marsh and Mr. Gassner (bandmaster of the 50th Regiment) are also busily engaged in paying a musical tribute to his Royal Highness. To enter into a detailed criticism of each composition is scarcely necessary; all possess more or less merit, and show that we have in Australia a constructive as well as an auricular taste for music.

J. G. Knight, Narrative of the visit of his royal highness the duke of Edinburgh to the colony of Victoria, Australia (Melbourne: Mason, Firth, 1868)

(193-94) . . . The Melbourne Philharmonic Society (the oldest musical association in Victoria) employed its well-organised strength in giving a high-class concert, at which his Royal Highness and suite, his Excellency the Governor and family, and all the leading members of the community were present. Mendelssohn's "Athalie" was the principal work on the programme, and this was rendered in the most effective manner by a band and chorus of four hundred and fifty performers. The great hall of the Exhibition Building was crowded, and his Royal Highness, who is himself an accomplished musician, expressed his gratification at finding classical music so highly appreciated in Victoria.

"AN ANECDOTE OF PRINCE ALFRED", The Ballarat Star (16 October 1868), 3

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (24 April 1869), 10

(from Times, London): A very agreeable method of relieving the voyage of its tediums have been adopted on board the ship by the establishment of several musical parties. One, got-up by the sergeant of the band, is under, the direction of Lord Charles Beresford; another has been formed among the officers. Then, in the forecastle, there is a nigger party, who gave their first entertainment on Christmas Eve, and made a very creditable debut. And lastly, there are the boys and the schoolmaster, whose efforts are more directly encouraged by His Royal Highness, who accompanies them upon his harmonium in their rehearsal of the chaunts and tunes to be sung on the following Sunday. There was a time when indulgences of this kind were regarded as being utterly incompatible with the discipline indispensable to the efficiency of a man-of-war, but the race of zealous old gentlemen who entertained those gloomy apprehensions is fast dying away, and the admirable discipline on board Her Majesty's ship Galatea will add an additional incentive to the extinction of the race.  

"THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH'S VISIT TO NEW ZEALAND", Bendigo Advertiser (24 June 1869), 3

. . . At a concert given by the Auckland Choral Society, the Prince, we are told, "kindly assisted, playing first violin, with Colonel Balneavin and others." The Prince, it is added, "subsequently took part in Mozart's symphony, and in other full orchestral pieces, in all of which he acquitted himself most admirably.

Bibliography and resources:

H. J. Gibbney, "Edinburgh, Duke of (1844-1900)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

Musical works published in Australia:

Waltz (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Son, [1868]) 

Waltz, The return of Galatea (composed by H. R. H. The Duke of Edinburgh) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Co., [1868]) 

The return of the Galatea (a new waltz; second edition) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Co., [1868]) 


= Ali-Ben SOU-ALLE


Professor of Music (Singing and Pianoforte), school teacher

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


One or perhaps two Miss Allan(s) active in Balmain in 1854. Later in the decade two Miss Allans ran a school in Woolloomooloo.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 April 1859), 10 

MISS ALLAN, late of the Royal Academy, London, has a Vacancy for Two Pupils for the Pianoforte.

ALLAN, George Leavis

Singing master, musicseller, music publisher

Born London, 3 September 1826
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1852
Died East St. Kilda, Melbourne, 1 April 1897, in his 71st year (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ALLAN, George Clark

Musicseller, music publisher (Allan & Co.)

Born Melbourne, VIC, 3 May 1860
Died Portsea, VIC, 29 October 1934 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

For the firm, see: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



[Advertisement], The Banner (17 January 1854), 2

"THE ART OF SINGING", The Argus (8 July 1854), 5

"SINGING CLASSES AT PRAHRAN", The Argus (11 October 1854), 5


[Advertisement], The Argus (4 June 1857), 8

"MARRIED", The Age (26 January 1859), 4 

On the 25th January, at Chalmers' Church, Melbourne, by the Rev. Adam Cairns, D.D., Mr. George Leavis Allan, senior teacher of vocal music under the denominational board of education (formerly of H. M. Ordnance office, London), younger son of the late Mr. John Allan, of H. M. Audit office, London, to Agnes, second daughter of Mr. John Clark, of 137 Elizabeth street, Melbourne.

"DEATHS", The Argus (2 April 1897), 1

[Obituary], The Argus (2 April 1897), 4

Members of the musical profession and old colonists will learn with regret of the death of Mr. George Leavis Allan, of Allan's music warehouse, Collins-street, which took place yesterday at his residence, Landsdowne-street, East St. Kilda. Just before Christmas Mr. Allan had a paralysis seizure, and a general break-up of the system followed, the immediate cause of death being failure of the heart's action. The late Mr. Allan, who was a colonist of 44 years and aged 71, was formerly a member of the Impend civil service, but came to search for gold, and spent some time on the diggings. On coming to Melbourne he was appointed a singing master under the Government, and later held the chief position as inspector and master. During that time he held his classes in St. Paul's schoolroom, and amongst his pupils were many who won distinction as artists. Mr. Allan also conducted with much success the great annual musical gatherings in the old Exhibition building. Later on he entered into partnership with the late Mr. Joseph Wilkie and Mr. Webster, and on the death of these gentlemen became the sole proprietor in the business. The depression of late years brought disasters to him, as to other Melbourne men, but throughout his business integrity was never in doubt, and he lost nothing of the esteem gained in long years of active and honourable work. He was naturally intimately acquainted with all the leading musical artists who for years past have visited Australia, and took a leading part in every movement for the advancement of music in Melbourne. The late Mr. Allan leaves a widow and family of six sons and two daughters, all grown up. The interment will take place this afternoon.

Bibliography and resources:

Kenneth Hince, "Allan, George Leavis (1826-1897)", Australian dictionary of biography 3 (1969)

"Allan, George Clark (1860-1934)", Guide to Australian Business Records


Engraver, printer

Born Scotland, 1826/27 (son of Alexander and Janet ALLAN)
Active Sydney, NSW, by July 1845 (as John Allan; 1855-67 as Allan and Wigley)
Died Sydney, NSW, 22 October 1883, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sentinel (9 July 1845), 1 

SEAL AND COPPERPLATE ENGRAVING. THE undersigned respectfully apprises his friends and the public generally, that he has commenced in the above line, in York-street, near the Barrack Gate there he intends carrying on the Engraving, Copper plate, and Lithographic Printing in all its various branches; and hopes by strict attention to business, to receive a share of public patronage. JOHN ALLAN.

[Advertisement], The Sentinel (24 September 1845), 1 

NOTICE OF REMOVAL. JOHN ALLAN, Stone, Seal, and Copper-plate Engraver, &c , begs to inform his friends and the public generally, that he has removed from York-street, to A. Torning's Decorating Establishment, No. 6, BRIDGE-STREET, Where hp intends carrying on the Engraving and Lithographic Printing in all its various branches, and hopes, by strict attention to business and liberal charges, to receive a share of public patronage. N. B. - Maps mounted. and varnished. Sydney, September 9th.

ASSOCIATIONS: Andrew Torning

"DEATHS", Empire (18 August 1863), 1 

ALLAN - On the 20th June, at his residence, Bonnygate, Cupar, Fifeshire, Scotland, Alexander Allan, father of Mr. John Allan, engraver, George-street, Sydney.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1868), 1 

NOTICE.- The PARTNERSHIP, heretofore subsisting between the undernamed, as Engravers, Lithographers and Printers, has been this day dissolved by mutual consent. JOHN ALLAN, WILLIAM H. WlGLEY Witness - GEO. C. T. ICETON, Solicitor, Sydney. 4th December, 1867. Referring to the above advertisement, I beg to state that the business will in future be carried on under the style and firm of W. H. WIGLEY and CO. All parties indebted to the late firm are respectfully requested to pay their accounts, and all accounts against the late firm of Allan and Wigley are requested to be sent in. W. H. WIGLEY. 297, George-street.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 October 1883), 1 

ALLAN. - October 22, at Dualla House, Upper Fort-street, John Allan, Esq., of Jamison-street, late of San Francisco, aged 57 years.

"ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION", New South Wales Government Gazette (16 November 1883), 6250 

In the intestate estate of John Allan, late of 84, Upper Fort street, Sydney, seal engraver, deceased . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Prue Neidorf, A guide to dating music published in Sydney and Melbourne, 1800-1899 (M.A. thesis, University of Wollongong, 1999), 128-30 (DIGITISED)

ALLAN, William

Choirmaster (St. Mark's Church, Collingwood/Fitzroy)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856


[Advertisement], The Argus (31 May 1856), 1



Active Sydney, NSW, 1836


"Mr. Allen", an amateur, sang Braham's dramatic scena The death of Nelson (see a later edition) at John Philip Deane's concert in May 1836, when his "strong Scotch idiom" was remarked upon.

He may be connected with the Allen who was a scene painter in July that year, as also previously his son, for Barnett Levey's theatres.


"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (19 May 1836), 3

"THEATRICALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 July 1836), 3

Bibliography and resources:

? "H. Allen", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)




Active Adelaide, SA, by 1850

Uncertain whether related to the above or below:



Active Adelaide, SA, by 1855

Uncertain whether related to the above:

ALLEN, Mary Anne (daughter of James ALLEN)

Juvenile vocalist

Active SA, 1859


[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

"ORGANIST AT PIRIE-STREET CHAPEL", South Australian Register (5 November 1855), 3 

Tenders for the appointment of organist at the Pirie-street Chapel, have, we understand, been sant in by Messrs. Linger, Allen, and Dawes. The choice is at present in abeyance. The new organ, recently imported from England, is in course of erection by Mr. Shakespeare.

"ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (23 May 1856), 3 

. . . Beethoven's overture to "Men of Prometheus" was decidedly well performed, as was also the trio by Hummel for the violin, violoncello, and piano, performed by Mr. Chapman, Mr. Allen, and Herr Linger. We must confess, however, that this latter composition appeared rather too heavy for the concert-room . . .

"MUSICAL NOTES. By John Dempster", The Mail (18 February 1939), 15 

MRS. J. L. Davey, the contralto who in 1935 distinguished herself at Ballarat Eisteddfod by winning the Australian song prize and sacred solo, is a link with that period when the foundations of our musical culture were laid by Carl Linger; for Mrs. Davey's mother as Mary Ann Allen (later Mrs. John Limb) sang the "Song of Australia," with others, at its first performance at Gawler on December 12, 1859 . . .

ALLEN, David (David ALLEN; Mr. D. ALLEN)


Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1845


According to the Colonial Times, a tenor singer Mr. D. Allen was one of five "young men of the Hebrew religion" who formed the choir for the opening ceremonies of Hobart Synagogue on 4 July 1845. Some of the music sung at the service survives in keyboard arrangements published as Joseph Reichenberg's Ancient Hebrew melodies (Hobart: Thomas Browne, [1847]).


[News], Colonial Times (8 July 1845), 2

"THE SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (11 July 1845), 3

"THE SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (11 July 1845), 3

In answer to numerous enquiries as to whether the gentlemen composing the choir at the opening of the Jewish Synagogue last Friday were professionals, we can inform our readers that the whole of them (consisting of Messrs. M. S. Simeon, treble; D. Allen, tenor; E. Isaacs, counter tenor; Isaac Solomon and H. Nathan, bass;) were young men of the Hebrew religion, one of whom (Mr. Simeon) had assisted in a similar ceremony at home, and remembering the melodies, sung them to Mr. Reichenberg, who most felicitously melodized them. Mr. R attempted, and it must be admitted, accomplished the teaching five persons to sing in parts, and acquiring himself sufficient Hebrew to comprehend what he had to teach, in a manner which must increase the already high opinion entertained by the Tasmanian public of his professional superiority.

"THE SYNAGOGUE", The Observer (15 July 1845), 3 

In our last a paragraph was omitted in which we sought to do justice to some whose names were not mentioned with that praise which was due to them for the part they performed in the opening service at the Synagogue. The music we learn was brought to this colony by Mr. Simeon, whose melodious voice was so much admired in company with the voice of Messrs. Edward Isaacs, Henry Nathan, David Allen, and Isaac Solomons. The vocal attraction at the Synagogue is likely to draw many visitors from time to time, whose interest is not likely to stop with that gratification, or benefit be confined to the hearing of the ear.

ALLEN, Edward (1) (Mr. ALLEN)

Tenor vocalist, amateur

Active Sydney, NSW, ? by 1841 (or earlier)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1843
Died Hobart Town, TAS, 27 August 1875, in his 74th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ALLEN, Edward (2) (Master Edward ALLEN; Master ALLEN)

Boy soprano

? Born NSW, 10 December 1830 (baptised St. Andrew's, Sydney, 2 October 1842 [sic]; son of Edward Allen and Mary Ann Allen)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1841-42
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), from 1844


A Mr. Allen sang, with Worgan and Griffiths, in Isaac Nathah's new glee, Drink, and a fig for all sorrows, in October 1841; was also a soloist in the first Sydney performance of Handel's Messiah for Johnson and Leggatt in August 1842; and is last documented appearing in Sydney for John Philip Deane in September 1842.

Both a "Mr. Allen" and "Master Edward Allen" sang in Nathan's oratorio in July 1841.

A Mr. and Master Allen arrived in Hobart from Sydney in December 1843, perhaps the Allens, father and son, previously active in Sydney. Reporting on Master Allen's singing of "O thou that tellest" from Messiah for the Hobart Town Choral Society in January 1845, The Courier feared he

. . .will probably soon be lost to the musical world in the parts he now takes, accomplished very neatly, though wanting in mellowness of tone and evidently deficient in the delicate refinements of the art.

Nevertheless, a year later, the Colonial Times could not:

. . . pass over the singing of Master Allen, who is almost a colonial 'phenomenon'. His style is good, chaste, and tasteful, and his intonation distinct and perfect. He reminds us a good deal of Master Longhurst, so much admired many years ago at Covent Garden and the London concerts.

Allen was a vocal performer for the Gautrots' concert in November 1844. For them again in December 1845 he sang Barker's The white squall and Isaac Nathan's Byron setting Tambourgi. A Mr. Allen appeared in Charles Packer's May Day concert in 1848, and sang Haydn's In native worth for the Hobart Choral Society in November 1848.


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (5 June 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 September 1842), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Colonial Times (19 December 1843), 3

"HOBART TOWN CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (22 October 1844), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 November 1844), 1

"CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (23 January 1845), 2

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (18 October 1845), 2

"MONSIEUR AND MADAME GAUTROT", The Courier (20 December 1845), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Colonial Times (23 January 1846), 3

"ST DAVID'S CHURCH, HOBART TOWN", The Courier (4 February 1846), 2

"THE ORATORIO", The Courier (23 May 1846), 3

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (5 December 1846), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (25 April 1848), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY", The Courier (2 August 1848), 2

"CHORAL SOCIETY", Colonial Times (17 November 1848), 2

"ONE MORE GONE", The Mercury (2 September 1875), 2 

We learn with much regret of the death of Mr. Edward Allen, sen., son of Mr. Ë. Allen, of the late firm of Fryer and Allen, in this city. Deceased was an old colonist, deservedly and universally respected in the circle of those who had many opportunities of knowing his worth - old members of the Choral Society, Glee Club, and St. David's Cathedral Choir - will read this announcement with sincere sorrow, Mr. Allen being enthusiastically devoted to the musical art, always willingly contributing the aid of his pleasing tenor voice, in choral gatherings, and more especially at the meetings of the associations alluded to.

ALLEN, Edward (3)

Music lithographer, surveyor (? amateur choral singer), ? former convict

? Arrived TAS (convict per Layton)
Active Launceston, TAS, 1859
Died Latrobe, TAS, 19 November 1877, aged 56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (13 June 1857), 1

MR. ALLEN having established a Lithographic press in connection with his Land Mart, is now prepared to print maps, plans, drawings, circulars, &., &c. Charles-street, Feb. 14.

"MUSIC FOR THE MILLION", Launceston Examiner (9 April 1859), 2

"To the Editor . . . MUSIC FOR THE MILLION", The Cornwall Chronicle (21 May 1859), 5

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (25 May 1859), 5

We stated in our last that we had received from Mr. Adams a piece of music composed for his class. The music itself is excellent, and well adapted for the purpose: - that is to give the time. We shall not comment upon the verses more than to observe that it is wonderful how Mr. Adams could find music for them so harsh and discordant as they are. The music is beautifully lithographed we believe by Mr. Allen, of Charles-Street, and may be had for 6d. each piece.

ALLEN, Francesca (Madame Francesca ALLEN; Madame ALLAN)

Soprano vocalist (pupil of Signor Crevelli and Signor Pinna, from the London concerts)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by mid December 1850
Active Adelaide, SA, Melbourne, VIC, Sydney and Maitland, NSW, until June 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A pupil of Crevelli and Pinna, "from the London concerts", Madame Allen advertised her first Sydney concert on 14 December 1850. A selection of songs from her concerts are among the only items of sheet music known to have been issued by John Gibbs during his shortlived publishing venture (with George and Elizabeth Hudson) as J. Gibbs and Co..

She was in Adelaide by March 1851, and, after having sung in Mrs. Jupp's concert in April 1851, was incorrectly identified in a review as "Madame Caradori Allen", the great veteran London soprano. She may have been connected in some way with Maria Caradori-Allan (1800-1865), however, since in 1853 Francesca sang in several concerts with Harriet Fiddes, who, as Miss Cawse, had regularly appeared with Madame Caradori Allan in London.

In Adelaide her repertoire including a cavatina by Bellini and Jenny Lind's "favorite song" My father land. And by February 1852, when she sailed for Melbourne, the Register was calling her "The Australian Nightingale" (the earliest known use of the term).

She sang in concerts in Melbourne from May 1852, and sang with Fiddes and Flora Harris at Henry Marsh's concert in Sydney in May 1853. Fiddes and Allen then toured the Maitland district in May and June, after which she disappears from Australian record. She next appears in British press advertisements in 1859.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1850), 1

"MADAME FRANCESCA ALLEN'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 December 1850), 2

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (21 December 1850), 3

"MADAME ALLEN'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1850), 2

"MADAME ALLEN'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (7 March 1851), 3

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE GERMAN AND BRITISH HOSPITAL", South Australian Register (19 September 1851), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (14 October 1851), 1

"MRS. JUPP'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 April 1851), 2

"KOORINGA CONCERTS", South Australian Register (30 April 1851), 3

Mr. Bambrick's second concert took place on Saturday, the 26th instant, when Madame Allen again appeared. Her reception on this occasion was most triumphant; one universal feeling of inexpressible rapture prevailed; every song was loudly encored, and the lady resumed her seat amidst great applause . . . This little Jenny Lind of the Burra seems to have quite infatuated the elite of the North.

"THE AUSTRALIAN NIGHTINGALE", South Australian Register (2 February 1852), 3

"IS IT AN ERROR", Bell's Life in Sydney (6 March 1852), 2

"THE CONCERT", The Argus (13 March 1852), 5

"THE SATURDAY CONCERT", The Argus (1 May 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 September 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 May 1853), 1

"MRS. FIDDES' CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury (28 May 1853), 2

[Advertisement], Dumfries and Galloway Standard [Scotland] (26 October 1859), 1


[Advertisement], Glasgow Free Press (7 January 1860), 3

ROYAL PANTHEON, 150 TRONGATE . . . CONCERTS, MONDAY, 19TH DEC., AND DURING THE WEEK: MISS LIZZIE MAGEE, The well-known Soprano from the City Hall Concerts; MISS FLORENCE BALFE, The Favourite Vocalist; MADAME FRANCESCA ALLEN, Operatic Vocalist; . . . SIG. OTTO MONTRICE, The Great Tenor . . .

ALLEN, George Benjamin (George Benjamin ALLEN; Mr. G. B. ALLEN)

Professor of Music, composer

Born London, 21 April 1822; baptised St. Martin-in-the-Fields, 8 August 1822 (son of Benjamin and Mary ALLEN)
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, June 1870 (per Suffolk, from England)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, 28 February 1874 (per Omeo, for New Zealand)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, March-April 1875 (en route to Adelaide)
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, 10 August 1875 (per Pera, for Point de Galle and tour of India)
Arrived (3) Melbourne, VIC, 7 May 1887 (from England)
Died Brisbane, QLD, 30 November 1897 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ALLEN, Alice ("Miss Alice MAY"; Louise ALLEN; "Mrs. G. B. ALLEN")

Vocalist, soprano (later also contralto)

Born Yorkshire, England, 1847
Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, June 1870 (per Suffolk, from England)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, 28 February 1874 (per Omeo, for New Zealand)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, March-April 1875 (en route to Adelaide)
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, 10 August 1875 (per Pera, for Point de Galle and tour of India)
Separated from George ALLEN, 1883
Married Louis W. RAYMOND, USA, 1884
Died St. Louis, Missouri, USA, 16 August 1887, aged 40


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 March 1870), 8

[News], The Argus (8 June 1870), 5

"POPULAR CONCERT AT THE PRINCESS'S", The Argus (20 June 1870), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1870), 3

[News], The Argus (1 August 1870), 4

"MR. ALLEN'S BALLAD CONCERT", The Argus (29 September 1870), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 December 1872), 10

Mr. G. B. ALLEN, Mus. Bac. Oxon., composer of the Comic Opera "Castle Grim," played with great success 40 consecutive nights in London, "Goat Bells," "Little bird so sweetly singing," Madlle. Liebhart's great song - "Who can tell," and many other songs sung by Parepa Rudersdorff, Sherrington, Sainton Dolby, Louisa Pyne, at the leading concerts in London and the United States. 

"THE OPERA-HOUSE. CASTLE GRIM", The Argus (12 June 1875), 7

"Castle Grim "is called a comic opera by the composer - Mr. G. B. Allen -and there is no reason throughout the whole of the work to doubt the serious earnestness of his intention to make it so . . . The music has an air of old fashioned respectability about it. The concerted pieces in their style bring to mind Shield and Attwood, Calcott and Spofforth - they are very English, and very nice to listen to. All the solos are tuneful, and some of them of a superior kind, especially that sung by Ravenswood on receipt of the letter announcing the coming of his ward and cousin Flora. This air is the principal theme in the overture. It is graceful, and finely harmonised in the orchestral accompaniment, and displays Mr. Allen's talent for composition in a very fair light . . .

"COMMUNICATED", The Australasian (14 May 1887), 27 

Mr. G. B. Allen, Mus. Bac. Oxon, who was in these colonies a good many years ago, and who has since been pursuing a highly successful musical career in England, both as composer and teacher, arrived in Melbourne on Saturday last. It is understood that Mr. Allen is a candidate for the appointment of the new professorship of music in the University of Melbourne.

"A QUEENSLAND OPERA. FAYETTE; OR, BUSH REVELS", The Brisbane Courier (1 February 1892), 6

"FAYETTE: A QUEENSLAND OPERA. MR. G. B. ALLEN'S BENEFIT CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (24 March 1892), 5

"DEATH OF MR. G. B. ALLEN", The Brisbane Courier (1 December 1897), 7

Mr. G. B. Allen, Mus. Bac, passed away at his residence, West End, South Brisbane, early yesterday morning. Mr. Allen, who was a distinguished musician, was aged 75 years . . . As a boy of 8 years he sang in the choir of St. Martin's Church, London, and at 10 he entered the Westminster Abbey as chorister, taking precedence to many older boys. At 12 he had the honour of taking Clara Novello's place at a grand concert in Her Majesty's Theatre, and there sang through a new mass at sight. On the subsequent change of voice he deputised at St. Paul's Cathedral until appointed at Armagh Cathedral. During his stay in Ireland he created and conducted a large choral society in Belfast, producing the great oratorios for the first time in the Ulster Hall, which was built expressly for his society. He afterwards returned to London, and occupied himself with original composition. In conjunction with R. Reeve he composed the music of a comic opera - not a burlesque - entitled "Castle Grim", which was very successful. Mr. Allen was a fertile composer of all descriptions of music, operas, anthems, songs, &c. His opera "Wicklow Rose" was first produced by Madame Soldene in Manchester, while some of his anthems are very often sung in Westminster Abbey. Since his arrival in Brisbane he composed an opera, "Fayette", to Mr. Brunton Stephens's libretto, on entirely Australian subjects, which has as yet only been heard as an "opera di camera". The music is charming and highly descriptive . . . The deceased gentleman, who came to Queensland about nine years ago, leaves a widow and young family.

"Mrs. G. B. Allen's Concert", The Telegraph (14 September 1898), 4 

Selected musical works:

Castle Grim (comic opera; London, 1865; first Australian performance, Melbourne, 1875)

A wild night (poetry: Henry Kendall; music composed expressly for and sung by Mrs. Cutter by G. B. Allen) (Melbourne: Lee & Kaye, [1870]) 

O paradise (hymn, arranged and partly composed by George B. Allen) (Melbourne: Wilkie, Webster, &​ Allan., [1871]) 

Fayette, or, Bush revels (an original Australian comic opera, in three acts written by J. Brunton Stephens; composed by G. B. Allen) (Brisbane: Watson, Ferguson &​ Co., 1892) 

Bibliography and resources:

"Allen, George Benjamin. 1822-1897". in The American history and encyclopedia of music: musical biographies (London: 1918), 11

Clay Djubal, "G. B. Allen", Australian Variety Theatre Archive ( 

Clay Djubal, "G. B. Allen", AustLit


"Alice May", Wikipedia 


Drum major (96th Regiment), fifer, band leader, composer/arranger

Active with regiment NSW, 1841-43; Tasmania, 1843-49
Died Cressy, TAS, 28 April 1858, aged 49

See also: Band of the 96th Regiment


"SUBSCRITION BALLS", Launceston Examiner (4 May 1850), 5

The quadrille band under the management of Mr. Allan, formerly drum-major of the 96th regiment, has been engaged to play at the subscription balls, and their leader is actively employed in arranging sets of entirely new quadrilles for the occasions.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (9 August 1851), 7

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (20 August 1851), 526

SIR, An attack upon me having appeared in the Examiner newspaper of the 9th instant, in the form of a letter, subscribed John McKenzie, I beg leave (for the information of my friends, the greater part of whom are in ignorance of the existence of a biped of that name) to describe the wonderful properties of the animal, and the locality of the caravan, in which he is exhibited. He is a "Great Grass Lion" (an animal with long ears) who is exhibited daily in a wooden shed, opposite a tannery in Wellington-street. He the said "Grass Lion" is a journeyman blacksmith, and he is also a member of the St. Joseph's Band, in which he is of neither use nor ornament. I will further describe him - he is a huge slop made fellow, with a hump on his back, somewhat like a camel; this "Grass Lion" has presumed to answer some remarks, which appeared in the Chronicle of the 6th instant, and volunteered some abuse of me, which is not worth my notice, except as to his assertion, in the face of the whole community, that I was only fifer in the 96th regiment, every person being perfectly aware (even the "Grass Lion" himself) that I was drum major of that regiment, and as a natural consequence - a master of my profession. I deny my readyness to play for half a crown at any time, but am ever willing to oblige as the "Grass Lion" is fully aware, and with regard to his assertion that I was discharged from the St. Joseph's Band for inability, I leave that matter to the opinion of the members of the society, and would merely state that to the contrary, I have been solicited to join that band again, as they were not certain how long their present master would be with them. I have been so terrified Mr. Editor as to the woeful threat held out in the "Grass Lion's" very queer nota bene, that I was induced to consult my solicitor on the subject, who reminded me of the home-made adage of sueing a beggar and catch a l---. - I am Mr. Editor your obedient servant, JAMES ALLAN, Musician and late drum major of the 96th regt. N.B. - If the "Grass Lion" be wise, he will give up all pretensions to wind instruments, except the bellows at the back of his forge, for certainly nature never moulded him for a musician, Aug. 19.

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (27 August 1851), 2

"DEATHS", The Courier (30 April 1858), 2


Suddenly, at Cressy, on the 28th, MR. JAMES ALLEN, formerly Drum Major of H. M. 96th Regiment of Foot, aged 49 years.


St. Joseph's Band

John Mackenzie

ALLEN, John Harward (John ALLEN; ALLAN)

Singing master, music master (Model Schools)

Born c. 1826
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855; 1865-83
Died Sydney, 18 July 1890, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"DENOMINATIONAL SCHOOLS SINGING", The Argus (26 December 1855), 7 

"DISTRIBUTION OF PRIZES AT THE MODEL SCHOOLS", The Australian News for Home Readers (25 January 1865), 6

. . . The proceedings were commenced by the singing of the National Anthem by the children, under direction of Mr. John Allen, the music master. "God Save the Queen" was very creditably performed, and in the subsequent pieces sung by the children they displayed a pleasing degree of efficiency in the art . . .

"THEATRICAL CRITICISM. HARWOOD V. FIEGL", The Argus (24 August 1874), 6 

. . . John H. Allan, teacher under the Education department. - I have Been the Duvallis dance. The pictures of the dancing are tolerably correct. I should rather not see any of my friends in that position. His Honour. - But none of your friends are public dancers. Witness. - No, they are not; but I do not consider such a posture decent for a woman on the public stage. It is not calculated to improve public taste or public morals. I don't wish to express any opinion on those performances, so far as regards the people who go to the theatre. I have seen a similar performance at the Alhambra Theatre, London. The licence was withdrawn from the place. I know this from the newspaper reports, and I also know that the stylo of entertainment was altered . . .

"THE EDUCATION COMMISSION", The Age (20 June 1883), 6 

. . . John H. Allan, singing master under the Board of Education, said he had to give instruction to the children attending five schools in the metropolitan district. This duty also included the imparting of instruction in the art to a class of State teachers. He was required to give a couple of lessons a week in his schools. The number of children in each of his singing classes varied from 60 to 120. It would be advisable to limit the number [to] 70. He generally found that the children took a lively interest in the art of singing . . .

[News], The Argus (21 July 1890), 7 

A large assemblage yesterday attended the obsequies of the late Mr. John Harward Allen, formerly senior singing master under the Board of Education of Victoria. Mr. Allen's death took place at Sydney under peculiarly sad circumstances. He had gone to that city on a holiday visit in the company of two daughters, and after a few days spent in apparently good health and spirits, he was suddenly stricken down with apoplexy, and death ensued on Friday morning last. Yesterday afternoon the body, which had been brought over from Sydney, was taken to St. Peter's Church, Eastern Hill, with which the deceased had been connected in various capacities for many years, and thence to the place of interment in the Kew Cemetery, the Rev. Canon Handfield officiating in the church and at the grave. The late Mr. Allen was an old colonist, having arrived in Melbourne in 1852. After a few years spent in school teaching under the old Denominational Board he was appointed singing master in 1855, being the first who obtained a Government appointment by competitive examination. With three short interruptions, due to political changes, he continued in this capacity until 1889, when he retired from the service, his brother officers marking the event by the presentation of an appreciative testimonial. Mr. Allen was one of the first founders of the Philharmonic Society, and one of the originators of the East Collingwood Volunteer Rifles, in which he rose to the rank of captain. The deceased gentleman was regarded as a man of sterling character, and endeared to his numerous friends by a uniformly kind and amiable disposition. In his long career as a teacher he had the opportunity of imparting the rudiments of musical education to many who have since obtained distinction in the musical profession, and had won the attachment of his pupils in an unusual degree.

ALLEN, Thomas Henry

Fiddler, shoemaker

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1878
Died Adelaide, SA, 9 July 1882


"INSOLVENCY COURT", South Australian Register (19 April 1878), 3

"POLICE COURT", The South Australian Advertiser (24 April 1879), 7

Thomas Henry Allen was charged with having played on a certain musical instrument, namely a violin, after having been requested by a constable and by Mr. W. T. Flint to depart from the neighborhood of Mr. Flint's shop, on account of its interfering with his business, on April 19 . . . The defendant made lengthy address to the Bench, in which he slid the case must fall through because Mr. Flint had not proved that he was a householder or that he had any right to order him away. The fact that such a large crowd had gathered together showed that his music had been appreciated. Mr. Flint being a harsh unsympathetic kind of character, could not appreciate it - (laughter) - and he would ask the Bench, as Mr. Flint was in such a decided minority, to dismiss the case. Being an old colonist and a John Bull, he had as much right to play in the streets as any foreigner.


Professor of music, conductor, pianist, organist, music educator, composer

Born Kellinghausen, Germany 26 October 1842
Arrived Australia, 1858
Died Strathfield, NSW, 20 June 1917 (NLA persistent identifier)



Alpen came to Australia at the age of 16 in 1858. After several years in Melbourne, Alpen was appointed director of the Vocal Philharmonic Society in the New South Wales town of Tumut in 1862, and from 1865 was based in Albury. He moved to Sydney in 1880 to work as a singing master for the newly established Department of Public Instruction, teaching at Fort Street and Hurlstone teacher training colleges. In 1884 he was appointed Superintendent of Music in the Department. He advocated enlightened modern methods of music teaching for school children, emphasising aural development and sight-singing, and in 1897 he published a treatise, Practical Hints for the Teaching of Vocal Music in Public Schools. In early precursors of today's Schools Spectaculars, he led massed student choirs in gala performances, often including his own compositions. His Commemoration ode (1899) celebrated Fort Street School's jubilee. At the celebrations of the Inauguration of the Commonwealth in Centennial Park on 1 January 1901, he conducted an estimated 10,000 school children in a performance of his work Federated Australia. Alpen was also the organist at St Patrick's on Church Hill, and at St Benedict's on Broadway. In retirement he lived in Strathfield until his death on 20 June 1917. Among his later works, with words by Roderick Quinn, was Hail! Men of America, Hail! which was performed as an "ode of welcome to the American Fleet" on its hugely popular first visit to Sydney Harbour in 1908.

Bibliography and resources:

Deborah Crisp, "Amateurs and professionals: a snapshot of musical life in a country town, 1860-1865", Australasian Music Research 1 (1996), 103-140

Graeme Skinner, "Alpen, Hugo", Dictionary of Sydney (2008)

ALLPORT, Mary Morton

Amateur musician, harpist, amateur artist

Born Birmingham, England, 17 May 1806
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 December 1831 (per Platina, from London, 30 July)
Died Hobart, TAS, 10 June 1895, aged 89



"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (14 December 1831), 2

"Deaths", The Mercury (12 June 1895), 1

"Tasmanian Letter", Australian Town and Country Journal (22 June 1895), 37

Old colonists who may know Tasmania and her people personally will be sorry to hear of the death of one who knew Van! Diemen's Land in the very early days. I refer to Mrs. Allport, widow of Mr. Joseph Allport, the well-known solicitor, who died at her residence, in Holebrook Place, on Monday, 10th . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Joanna Richardson, An annotated edition of the journals of Mary Morton Allport (Ph.D thesis, University of Tasmania, 2006) 

Joanna Richardson, "Introducing Mary Morton Allport and her journals", Tasmanian Historical Research Association: Papers and Proceedings 54/1 (April 2007), 34-49

Ian Henderson, "Eyeing the lady's hand: the concealed politics of Mary Morton Allport's colonial vision", Journal of Australian Studies 66 (2000), 104-115

"Mary Morton Allport", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Henry Allport, "Allport, Joseph (1800-1877)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

ALLPRESS, George Rivers (George Rivers ALLPRESS; Mr. G. Rivers ALLPRESS)

Violinist, pianist, Professor of Music, Teacher of Violin, Viola and Piano

Born Sandhurst, VIC, 1864
Died Johannesburg, South Africa, 8 April 1918 (NLA persistent identifier)



Edward Calon was reportedly first teacher of a talented musical youngster, George Allpress, aged 11 1/2 when he made his public debut in September 1876. Allpress spent 1879 working in orchestras in New Zealand. Working in Brisbane in 1884 with Caron's opera company, the Queensland Figaro described him disparagingly as "that ladylike violinist, Mr. Rivers Allpress!".


"A YOUNG MUSICIAN", The Maitland Mercury (28 September 1876), 3

"MUSIC", The Argus (4 October 1876), 2s

"A Peep at the Shows", Queensland Figaro (5 April 1884), 15

"A popular Sydney Musician", Australian Town and Country Journal (13 April 1889), 28

"DEATH OF RIVERS ALLPRESS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1918), 14


Portrait by Tom Roberts (c.1895), NGV


Music lithographer, printer

Active Victoria, by 1860
Died Sydney, NSW, 17 May 1903, aged 78


John Alvarez lithographed at least two musical prints issued in Hobart. For George Rolwegan, Caller Herrin ("The Celebrated Scotch Song") published in December 1861, and for James Walch, The Tasmanian Yacht Club polka, by Mary Oldham, issued in June 1862.


"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (20 June 1860), 5

"NEW MUSIC", The Mercury (31 December 1861), 2

"MUSIC", Launceston Examiner (2 January 1862), 5

"THE TASMANIAN YACHT CLUB POLKA", Launceston Examiner (26 June 1862), 5

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Mercury (17 March 1864), 2

"ASSINGNMENTS", South Australian Register (8 October 1880), 4

"DISTRICT COURT", The Brisbane Courier (9 March 1889), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 May 1903), 4

AMADIO, John (John Bell TAYLOR; John AMADIO)

Flautist, flute player

Born Christchurch, NZ, 15 November 1883
Active professionally in Australia by 1898
Married Leonora Soames Roberts, Brighton, VIC, 6 January 1915
Married Florence Mary Wilson (Florence Austral), Hampstead, London, 15 December 1925
Died Melbourne, VIC, 4 April 1964 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



Amadio was born John Bell Taylor, but, after his mother remarried in 1890, adopted his stepfather, Henry Amadio's, surname; note that his mother's name was Elza Helen Taylor (Willson), not "Eliza" as given in the ADB.

As of February 2017, the above TROVE tag link goes mainly to (Australian) items tagged for the years 1898, 1899, and 1900, plus some later materials.


"MARRIAGE", Evening Post [NZ] (21 October 1890), 2 

"WELLINGTON ORCHESTRAL SOCIETY", Evening Post [NZ] (25 November 1896), 6 

. . . The concert was noticeable for the début of Master Amadio, a pupil of Mr. Charles J. Hill, as a solo flautist. The piece chosen was a concert fantasia, by W. Popp, on Gotze's song "O Schöne Zeit," and it served to display the marvellous command which the little lad had over the flute - the difficult variations on the theme being played in a way which leads one to prophesy a brilliant future for Master Amadio. The furore caused at the conclusion of the number necessitated a portion of it being repeated . . .

[Advertisement], Evening Post [NZ] (7 December 1897), 6 

NZNA CONCERT, THOMAS'S HALL. THURSDAY, 9th DECEMBER. At 8 p.m. To Celebrate the Discovery of New Zealand by Tasman, in 1642. PROGRAMME . . . Flute Solo - " Nocturne" No. 5 (Chopin): "Concert Etude" (Tillmetz) - Master John Amadio . . .

"LOCAL AND GENERAL", Wanganui Chronicle (13 December 1897), 2 

"Crumbs", Evening Journal (9 July 1898), 4 

Will young Amadio, the Sydney flautist, become another John Lemmone?

"Music", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (27 August 1898), 495 

The smoke concert of the Sydney Liedertafel at the Town Hall on the 17th instant was especially strong in its instrumental numbers . . . and Master John Amadio, a talented young flautist from Wellington, N.Z., made his debut in Sydney on this occasion . . . Master Amadio showed himself to be a very promising flautist, with an already well developed technique. His staccato playing was noticeably neat. Master Amadio's numbers were de Jong's fantasia on airs from Gounod's "Faust" and Terschak's "Gossips," and encores were demanded for each . . .

"LOCAL AND GENERAL", Press [NZ] (6 September 1898), 4 

The young Wellington flautist, John Amadio, a boy hardly in his teens, appeared with marked success at a concert given by the Sydney Liedertafel last month.


Piano-forte maker

Born ? UK, c. 1808
Active Melbourne, VIC, by January 1851
Died South Yarra, VIC, 14 September 1866, aged 58 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Bankrupts], The London Gazette (18 January 1848), 181 

EDWARD GOULBURN, Esq. one of Her Majesty's Commissioners authorized to act under a Fiat in Bankruptcy awarded and issued forth against Andrew Anderson, of No. 83, Great Titchfield-street, in the county of Middlesex, Piano Forte Maker, will sit on the 5th day of February next, at one of the clock in the afternoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, Basinghall-street, in the city of London (by adjournment from the 8th of January instant), in order to take the Last Examination of the said bankrupt; when and where he is required to surrender himself, and make a full discovery and disclosure of his estate and effects, and finish his examination.

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 August 1851), 3

ANDREW ANDERSON, PIANO FORTE MAKER (From London.) BEGS to acquaint his friends, and the public, that he is prepared to undertake the repair of any description of Piano Forte, having been engaged in this business in London for upwards of twenty years, where he obtained a practical knowledge of every branch of it . . .

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (25 September 1855), 4

"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (3 February 1860), 2 

We have much pleasure in bearing testimony that Geelong can boast of producing a first-rate pianoforte, altogether constructed by one of our townsmen. The maker of the instrument is Mr. Andrew Anderson, No. 25, Myers-street west. It is a cottage piano, having a compass of 6 3/4 octaves, with a fine elasticity of touch, and evincing a mellowness of tone, with considerable brilliancy and power. The case is neat, and the internal mechanical arrangements combine many of the latest improvements. The whole is well finished, and being made of long seasoned colonial wood, it is well adapted to the Australian climate. We would recommend all who are interested in colonial manufactures, and who amongst us in these times is not? - to inspect this home-made production of Mr. Anderson's practical ability and unremunerated perseverance.

"DEATHS", Geelong Advertiser (27 September 1866), 3 

Anderson - On the 14th inst, at Bond street, South Yarra, suddenly, of apoplexy, Mr. Andrew Anderson, late of London and Geelong, aged 58 years.

Bibliography and resources:

Martha N. Clinkscale, Makers of the piano: 1820-1860 (1999), 8

An Andrew Anderson was listed at 83 Great Titchfield Street, Oxford Street, London, from 1843-1850.

But see also, on Andrew Anderson, piano maker of New York:

Nancy Groce, Musical instrument makers of New York (1991), 4 (PREVIEW)

ANDERSON FAMILY (James Henri Anderson and descendents)

ANDERSON, James Henri (J. H. ANDERSON, R.A.M.; James Henry ANDRERSON)

Professor of music, pianist, composer, organist, music retailer, music publisher

Born UK, 1822/23
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 4 February 1842
Died Melbourne, VIC, 30 April 1879, aged 56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Pianist, composer

Born ? Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1848 (son of James Henri ANDERSON)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 22 March 1876 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



According to his Sydney obituary, Alfred had been, from around the age of 7, a pupil of "Mr. J. Packer" [sic] in Hobart, and later, in Sydney, in the early 1860s continued his studies with the same Packer; however, Charles Packer, left Hobart for Sydney in 1852, so that his Hobart teacher was more likely to have been Charles's younger brother, Frederick Alexander Packer, also an alumnus of the Royal Academy. That he did study later in Sydney with Charles Packer is, however, not in question.

Alfred returned to Sydney in July 1869, with a letter of recommendation from his teacher, the Austrian pianist Ernst Pauer. In Sydney on 29 December 1875, Anderson married the touring singer Ilma De Murska. Alfred died less than four months later, at his father's house, 1 Lansdown-terrace, East Melbourne, on 22 March 1876. A letter to the editor of the Argus from Anderson senior addressed accusations printed in the earlier notice that De Murska had been barred access to her husband by his family. Many years later, De Murska's manager De Vivo went into print in the New York Sun claiming that, during Alfred's final illness, the Anderson family had effectively swindled Murska of £2000. According to De Vivo, when she last tried to see her husband:

. . . she found the old Jewish father sitting at the door, a bottle of wine at his side, and when she attempted to enter the door he stretched out his cane and told her his son was too ill to receive her.

Less than two months after Alfred's death, while on tour in Dunedin, New Zealand, on 15 May 1876, De Murska remarried, her new husband Anderson's former Royal Academy colleague and friend, John Hill.


[Advertisement], The Courier (4 February 1842), 3

"TO THE EDITOR . . . PSALMODY", Launceston Examiner (4 September 1850), 4

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (3 April 1852), 7

"GRAND CONCERT", Colonial Times (9 July 1852), 2

"CONCERT", Hobarton Guardian, or, True Friend of Tasmania (24 July 1852), 3 


"ALFRED ANDERSON'S DEBUT", The Empire (31 October 1860), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1864), 1 

On the 4th October, at his residence, 3, Great Prescot-street, London, Samuel Michael, Esq., in his 78th year, uncle to Mr. J. H. Anderson, 360, George-street, Sydney.

"TOWN AND COUNTRY: MR. ALFRED ANDERSON, R.A.M.", Sydney Mail (18 April 1868), 5:

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 July 1869), 1

"AN ANECDOTE OF PRINCE ALFRED", The Ballarat Star (16 October 1868), 3

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (6 July 1870), 1

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 December 1870), 1

"MR. J. H. ANDERSON", The Brisbane Courier (31 December 1870), 4

Mr. J. H. ANDERSON, member of the Royal Academy of Music, London, and for many years well and favorably known in the Southern colonies us a music teacher, has recently taken up his residence amongst us, and announces that he is prepared to receive pupils for the piano- forte and singing. Mr. Anderson brings a long list of references including our present Premier, and nearly all the old residents of standing in the city and neighbourhood.

[News], Rockhampton Bulletin (26 December 1871), 2

Mr. Alfred Anderson will be assisted to-morrow evening by his father, Mr. J. H. Anderson, whose performance on the concertina, are too well and favourably known to need any comment from us.

"NEW SOUTH WALES", The South Australian Advertiser (31 December 1875), 5

[News], The Argus (23 March 1876), 5

Death has put an end to the career of Mr. Alfred Anderson, the well-known pianist. Mr. Anderson was a native of Sydney, and at the time of his death, which happened yesterday morning, at his father's residence, at half-past 8 o'clock, was 28 years old. His early musical training was received in London, as a pupil of the Royal Academy in that city. He paid a second visit to the great metropolis as a protege of the Duke of Edinburgh when His Royal Highness returned from his Australian tour. On the arrival of Mdlle. de Murska and her company in Melbourne he was occasionally employed as solo pianist both here and in Adelaide. On the return of the company from the last-named place he was engaged as pianist and accompanyist for the Sydney and New Zealand tour. While in Sydney ho was taken seriously ill, on the 10th November of last year, and from that time his health was always fluctuating. On the 29th December he was married to Mademoiselle Ilma de Murska, in Sydney, by the Rev. Dr. Fullerton. With one or two exceptions he had been unable to appear in his professional capacity since the company returned to Melbourne, and of late his case was recognised as hopeless, from the complication of disorders by which he was attacked - the heart, lungs, and kidneys being all involved. The immediate cause of death was congestion of the lungs, the result of repeated colds. Mdlle. de Murska (to preserve the best known name), we hear, is suffering greatly from her bereavement, and her grief is no wise lessened from the unsympathetic attitude assumed by the family of her late husband, who prevented her from seeing him when she desired to do so.

"THE LATE MR. ANDERSON", The Argus (25 March 1876), 5

"OBITUARY", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1876), 7 

The musical public generally, artistes, amateurs, and audiences must have learned with regret the tidings of the untimely death of Mr. Alfred Anderson, one of the most promising of our Australian musicians. From the number of years Mr. Anderson's family have been located here he was extremely well known and he had a large circle of private friends, amongst whom his geniality of disposition and bonhomie caused him to be much endeared. The following brief outline of his career may not prove uninteresting. He was born in Sydney about the year 1848, but at a very early period was taken by his father to Hobart Town, Tasmania where Mr. Anderson, sen., was carrying on his occupation as a teacher music. When still quite a child he developed a very precocious faculty for music, and at about the age of seven was placed under the instruction of Mr J. Packer. He proved a very apt scholar and readily imbibed the elements of the art which was destined to become his profession. After having studied under Mr. Packer about five years he was sent to England, and entered as a student at the Royal Academy of Music, London. There, of course, he enjoyed the advantage of training both technical and practical under the professional staff of the institution, especially Mr. Pauer, his chief instructor in the pianoforte. Having completed the requisite course of study, he returned to Sydney about the year 1861 and made his first appearance in public as a pianist in the uniform of the Academy, his extreme juvenility rather surprising those who saw him. He did not, however, entirely abandon study, for he entered upon another course with his old master Mr. Packer, who had in the interim located himself in Sydney. In the year 1867 he was at Melbourne, and upon the first visit to the colonies of the Duke of Edinburgh, his Royal Highness took very favourable notice of the young artiste, and, as is well known, honoured him by many tokens of his esteem. Upon the Prince leaving the colonies for England, he was followed shortly afterwards by Mr. Anderson, to whom his Royal patron had held out prospects of a successful career in the mother country. At London Mr. Anderson was presented to H.R.H. the Prince or Wales, and had the honour of playing at Marlborough House. But his sojourn in England was not a lengthy one - the intense cold of that country proving very injurious to the delicacy of his constitution - and when the Galatea, with her Royal captain, again entered Port Jackson, Mr. Anderson was once more pursuing his profession in his native land. Subsequently to this he appeared at a series of concerts in conjunction with Miss Carrie Emanuel, with whom he also travelled in the provincial towns and in New Zealand, of which colony he made a tour. Afterwards Mr. Anderson appears to have carried on his profession in a rather desultory way, occasionally appearing at concerts, but for the most part confining himself to private life. He first met Mdle. Ilma de Murska at Ballarat, and an intimacy between the "Hungarian nightingale" and the young pianist rapidly grew into a cordial friendship. With Mdlle. de Murska he travelled in his professional capacity, and appeared with her at Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney, and the provincial towns. They were married by the Rev. Dr. Fullerton at Sydney in January last. From this colony they returned to Melbourne whence it was intended to proceed to New Zealand en route for Philadelphia. But the health of Mr. Anderson, which had been sinking, now completely gave way. After having been for some time in a precarious condition he finally succumbed to a combination of affections of the lungs, heart, and kidneys, and expired on Wednesday morning, March 22, in his twenty-eighth year. His suffering had been so great that his most intimate friends were denied access to him, and on the morning of his death even his wife was only permitted to approach him for a few minutes. Every precaution that medical science could suggest proved, however, unavailing. Mr. Anderson was a musician of much promise, and had he lived would probably have achieved a reputation in the musical world. he was not great as a theorist, or in composition, but his manipulation was extremely clever, and he possessed wonderful ability as a reader, playing almost any music at sight with great facility. He had besides a marvellously retentive memory. The latter gift frequently enabled him to compose or improvise a selection of airs based upon a work of which he did not possess the music, and which he had only heard a few times.

"DEATHS", The Argus (8 May 1879), 1

ANDERSON. - On the 30th ult., at his residence, 79 Gore-street, Fitzroy, James Henry Anderson, R.A.M., professor of music, aged 58 year, father of the late Alfred Anderson, R.A.M. Sydney papers please copy.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1879), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 June 1879), 2

GEORGE RUSHALL has received instructions from Messrs J. Barnet and Saml. Lyons, executors in the estate of J. H. Anderson, R.A.M., deceased, to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, on the premises as above, Fine toned cottage piano, by Aucher Frères, a valuable collection of instrumental music and operas, selected with great care by deceased . . .

"THE LOVES OF A CANTATRICE", Kalgoorlie Western Argus (11 March 1897), 10

Musical works (James):

The lays of the Hebrews ("A Selection of Hebrew Melodies as Sung at the Consecration of the Sydney Synagogue . . . Arranged for the Piano Forte by J. H. Anderson") (Contents: 1 Psalm 91 [by Matthew Moss (England 1795-1868)]); 2 Psalm 24 [Matthew Moss]); 3 Awake! Awake!; 4 Come my beloved) (Sydney: Francis Ellard, [1844]) 

The Fitzroy quadrilles ("dedicated by permission to His Excellency Sir Charles A. Fitzroy, K.C.B., in honor of his visit to Melbourne") (Sydney: James T. Grocott, for the composer, [1850]) 

Musical editions (James): 

Musical works: (Alfred)

The Sydney polka [Australian edition] (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1861?]) 

The Challenger galop (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1867]) 

The Queen's Own galop (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Son, [1867]) 

The Royal Visit quadrilles (Sydney: J. H. Anderson & Son, [1867]) 

The Belmore galop (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1868]) 

Star of love (valse de salon on favourite themes from Lurline) [W. V. Wallace] (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1868]) 

The New England polka (composed by J. H. Thee; arranged for the piano-forte by Alfred Anderson) (Sydney: J. H. Anderson, [1864]) 

Modern editions:

Richard Divall (ed.), James Henri Anderson, The lays of the Hebrews for pianoforte, 1844 (Australian Music Series, MDA017) (Monash University: Music Archive, 2014) 

Family of ANDERSON, John Henry ("Professor ANDERSON"; "The wizard of the north")

Magician, mesmerist, entertainer

Born Kincardine, Scotland, 1814
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, June 1858
Departed Melbourne, VIC, August 1859 Died Darlington, County Durham, England, February 1874

ANDERSON, Miss (Miss ANDERSON, ? Louisa/Louie)

Pianist, vocalist

ANDERSON, Misses (Flora, Eliza)



"PROFESSOR ANDERSON AT THE ROYAL", The Age (22 June 1858), 5 

. . . Professor Anderson is accompanied by his son, who assists him in his performances, and two daughters, one, a little girl eleven years of age, endeavored to torture music out of a terrified unstrung piano. The other infant prodigy, about four years old, treated the audience to a song. Despite our sympathy with the Professor's parental pride, we would rather have had the musical capabilities of the Misses Anderson displayed at another time. He must give us better music else none at all.

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (16 November 1858), 3 

. . . Then came the magic portfolio: Trunks, boxes, escritoires, his own daughter (who by the way sang an admirable song which was vociferously cheered) . . .

Professor Anderson was assisted by his sons and daughters, one of the latter of whom (Miss Anderson) presided at the piano . . . The only thing required to make this marvellous entertainment more complete, is a small but an efficient orchestra.

"THE LYCEUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1858), 5 

. . . Little Miss Anderson created considerable amusement by her song "Bonnie Dundee," and the mesmeric cataleptic experiment with another of the Miss Anderson's was exceedingly successful, and without exception the cleverest feat we have witnessed . . .

"PROFESSOR ANDERSON'S PERFORMANCES", Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (4 May 1859), 2 

[of the concert following Anderson's magic performance] . . . Suffice it to say that, with the exception of Miss Anderson's two songs, "La Manola" and "Katty Darling", which were both sung very prettily, and Mr. Rider's solo on the cornet-a-pistons, which was unanimously encored, the whole performance proved a miserable failure. What with the buffoonery of one of the band of amateurs, and the incompetency of others, despite all the trouble, which had been bestowed upon this portion of the entertainment, the effevt of the introductory glee, (the harmony of which is of the simplest description,) and of the only two classical pieces in the programme, - the lovely two-part song by Mendelssohn, and Cherubini's well known Canon, "Perfida Clori," - were completely destroyed, and, we may »ay, burlesqued . . .

"THE HAYMARKET THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (21 June 1859), 3 

. . . The whole performance was, in fact, a grand success. An excellent orchestra, with Miss Anderson at the piano, at which she presided with the ability pf an accomplished and practised player, added a good deal to the interest of the entertainment . . .

[Advertising], Mount Alexander Mail (8 July 1859), 5 


The FAIRY OF THE PORTFOLIO, with the song of "Bonnie Dundee," MISS FLORA ANDERSON.

Ministering Attendants MISS ELIZA ANDERSON. MR. J. H. ANDERSON, JUN.

Miss ANDERSON will preside at the Piano Forte.


Professor of music, musicseller, piano tuner

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1866
Died Melbourne, VIC, January 1887, aged 56


[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1866), 8

"BIRTHS", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (16 May 1868), 14

"SUICIDE BY HANGING", The Argus (27 January 1887), 9

An inquest was held by Dr. Youl at Carlton on Wednesday, on the body of Thomas Anderson, a dealer in musical instruments, aged 56. The deceased had been partially paralysed all his life, and often expressed a wish that he was dead. He recently went to England for the sake of his health, but returned without being benefited. On Tuesday he retired at 11pm and nothing more was known of his movements until about 8am on Wednesday, when his dead body was found hanging by the neck in the bathroom of his house. A verdict of suicide whilst of unsound mind was returned.

"Funerals", The Argus (27 January 1887), 1

ANDREW, Theresa Shirley (Theresa BALL; Theresa ANDREW; Theresa SHIRLEY; Mrs. ANDREW)


Born Coventry, England; baptised 30 March 1835 (daughter of WIlliam Shirley BALL)
Active VIC, by late 1850s
? Married Henry WHARTON, c.1864/65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Age (16 November 1858), 1 

"MRS. ANDREW", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (3 February 1860), 3 

Bibliograpy and references:

Kurt Ganzl, "In search of (another) singer . . .", posted 23 March 2017 

ANDREW, Nellie

Soprano vocalist, blind musician


Flautist, pianist, blind musician

Active Melbourne, VIC, and on tour in NZ, 1898


"BLIND MUSICIANS", Grey River Argus (23 August 1898), 3

This talented Company will open for a season, commencing on Friday evening, at Bonnie's Hall. . . . Miss Nellie Andrew was born blind. She has a pleasant soprano voice and is always well received. Is also a splendid organist and pianist . . . Mr. Tom Andrew (brother to Miss Nellie Andrew) was, like his sister, born blind. He is a finished flautist and a pleasing and graceful accompanist on the piano. His work in playing nearly all the accompaniments is not light, when it is recollected that everything he does must be an effort of memory.

"THE BLIND MUSICIANS", Wairarapa Daily Times (18 November 1898), 3


Musician, member of the theatrical band

Active Sydney, NSW, 1843


"ROYAL CITY THEATRE, MARKET-STREET", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1843), 2 


The Orchestral Selections for the evening which will be performed previous to the several Pieces, and between the Acts, include Haydn's Symphony, No 2; Mozart's Overture to L'Irato; Rossini's Overture to Il Barbiere di Seviglia; and Brilliant Arrangement of Strauss Valses.

The Band comprises the following instrumental Performers - Mr. S. Wallace, Mr. Leggatt, Mr. Walton, Mr. Wallace, senior; Mr. Portbury, Mr. Walker, Mr. Adams, Mr. Wright, Monsieur Gautrot, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Strong, and Mr. Andrews.

ANDREWS, Edward R. G. W.

Teacher and composer of music, orchestral conductor, reviewer, examiner

Born ?, 1862/3
Active Bendigo and Melbourne, VIC, 1887
Died Canterbury, VIC, 25 February 1930, aged 67 (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (4 February 1886), 4

"MR. E. R. G. W. ANDREWS", Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1887), 2

This gentleman, who is well-known in musical circles, will take his departure today by the afternoon train for the metropolis, where it is his intention to practice his profession as a teacher and composer of music. His office will be in Mr. Glen's musical establishment in Collins street. Mr Andrews, it will be remembered, lately won the prize for the musical composition to the cantata to be performed at the opening of the Adelaide Jubilee Exhibition.

"THE MUSIC CRITICISED", South Australian Register (22 June 1887), 6

"MUSIC OF THE CEREMONIAL", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (25 June 1887), 7

"THE EAGLEHAWK MUSICAL COMPETITION", Bendigo Advertiser (8 October 1895), 3

"MR. E. R. G. ANDREWS'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (30 October 1897), 5

"NIKISCH, THE GREATEST LIVING CONDUCTOR", Bendigo Advertiser (29 May 1907), 6

"MARSHALL-HALL CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (19 May 1908), 6

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 February 1930), 1

Selected works:

Adelaide Jubilee International Exhibition cantata (words by G. H. Cossins) (Adelaide: E. Spiller, Government Printer, 1887)

Mariette; or, The rule of the fairies (an entirely original romantic opera in two acts written by E. G. L. Sweet) (libretto, Melbourne: Universal Printing Company, [1888?])


Conductor of Bendigo Orchestral Society, Bendigo Lyric Orchestra, and Bendigo Liedertafel

ANDREWS, Mrs. Frank (Mrs. Frank ANDREWS)

Mezzo-soprano vocalist, Professor of Singing

Active Sydney, NSW, by December 1853; until July 1857


At Henry Marsh's Musical Academy in Sydney, as advertised on December 1853, "the vocal department [was] under the direction of Mrs. ANDREW, pupil of Garcia". However, by March 1854 she was advertising alone, from her address in Forbes Street, Woolloomooloo. She gave her second annual concert in Sydney in June 1855, assisted by Flora Harris, Sara Flower, Frank Howson and Coleman Jacobs. She toured into country NSW in 1856, visiting Bathurst and Maitland. In Maitland she sang "the beautiful ballad of Willow Glen", followed by an encore Kate Kearney.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1853), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1854), 1

[Advertisement], Illustrated Sydney News (6 May 1854), 9 

MRS. FRANK ANDREWS, pupil of Garcia, begs to inform the ladies of Sydney that she continues to give lessons in Singing, at her residence, 19, Treemore-terrace, Forbes-street, Woolloomooloo. Terms may be had at Mr. Piddington's, Stationer, George-street.

"MRS. FRANK ANDREWS' CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (30 June 1855), 2

"BATHURST. THEATRICALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1856), 4

[Advertisement], "The Queen's Theatre", Maitland Mercury (19 August 1856), 3

"QUEEN'S THEATRE", Maitland Mercury (23 August 1856), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1857), 9

ANGUS, Silvanus (Silvanus ANGUS; Mr. S. AGNUS; Sylvanus)

Bass vocalist (Melbourne Philharmonic Society, by 1857)

Born 1829; baptised New Court Chapel, West Gate Street, Newcastle, England, 9 March 1829
Arrived Australia, August 1854 (passenger per Great Britain) Active Melbourne, VIC by 1857
Married Matilda Emma FLORENCE (1838-1918), Melbourne, VIC, August 1858
Died Mornington, VIC, 13 March 1897, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Angus made a good impression in one of his earliest solo appearances for the Melbourne Philharmonic in Haydn's Imperial Mass in 1857. The Qui tollis peccata was:

. . . taken by a Mr Angus, a new basso of much promise, and who possesses a voice of more than average power, and of a quality for steadiness and richness not often met with in an amateur. This gentleman's singing formed decidedly one of the most agreeable features of the concert.

Angus was also a soloist in the first Australian performance of Molique's new oratorio Abraham by the Philharmonic in December 1862. In 1866, he was bass soloist in Horsley's The south seas sisters.



. . . Haydn's "Imperial Mass" occupied the whole of the first part of the evening, and, generally speaking, was satisfactorily rendered. The instrumentation and choruses were good, though too frequently amenable to the charge of want of steadiness and strict attention to time. In the " Gloria" the phrases "Qui tollis peccata" were taken by a Mr. Angus, a new basso of much promise, and who possesses a voice of more than average power, and of a quality for steadiness and richness not often met with in an amateur. This gentleman's singing formed decidedly one of the most agreeable features of the concert, and though at present he appears to be much hindered by nervousness, we shall be mistaken if he do not eventually prove to be a valuable acquisition to the vocal strength of the society. He must not, however, be content to stop where he is, for his voice is one which will amply reward him for its cultivation . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 December 1861), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1862), 8

[News], The Argus (1 October 1863), 4

"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (1 December 1869), 5

This singer possesses a bass voice of great compass, extending well into the regions of tenor, but his singing is marred by some mannerisms, which we will point out to him when his voice is in better condition than last night.

"DEATHS", The Argus (16 March 1897), 1

"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (13 March 1899), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Melbourne Philharmonic Society (1859-69); Concert Programmes, Arts and Humanities Research Council, UK (summary of items held at British Library) 

ANNA, Signorina (Signorina ANNA)



Comic vocalist, songwriter

Active Picton, NSW, 1863


"PICTON", Bell's Life in Sydney (18 July 1863), 3

The local comic song by Alex. Antill, Esq., elicited much deserved approbation, some of the "hits" were certainly most apropos, more particularly that having reference to one of the late Contractors on No. 2, Railway Extension.

ANTONI, Pietro di

Basso vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1867
Died 19 October 1868, at sea (on the Alexander Duthie, from Sydney to San Francisco)


Antoni was primo basso of La Compagnia Lirica Italia, Lyster's Italian Opera Company (with Giuseppe Bertoloni, Ugo Devoti, Ida Vitali, and Guilia Colombo), that opened in Melbourne with Ernani in January 1868. According to The Argus

We have no hesitation in pronouncing Signor Antoni one of the best artistes we have had here for many a day, and as we have before said, no basso equal to him (with the exception of one, perhaps) has ever been heard in this part of the world. We should like to hear him in German opera - as Marcel, or Caspar. His voice is admirably suited for the aria di portamento and is comparatively lost to the world of Italian opera solely.

He did duly appear in Meyerbeer's Les Huguenots as the Sydney Herald reported:

The German school of composition is not that in which Signor Antoni might be expected to appear to the greatest advantage, but his Marcel was by no means ineffective - indeed it proved that the public estimation of his powers as a fine artist is fully deserved; and when it is considered that it was his first appearance in the character it must be considered successful.

Antoni died in October en route from Sydney to San Francisco.


[News], The Argus (4 December 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 January 1868), 8

"THE OPERA. ERNANI", The Argus (7 January 1868), 5

"THE OPERA. L'ELISIR D'AMORE", The Argus (13 January 1868), 5

"PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1868), 4

"DEATH OF SIGNOR ANTONI", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1869), 4

APPEL, Conrad (Conrad APPEL; Johan Conrad APPEL; Herr APPEL; APPELL)

Bandmaster (dance bands), cornet player

Born Liebenburg, Hannover, 10 January 1825
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, September 1856 (per Morning Light)
Active Sydney, NSW, from 1857
Died Glenn Innes, NSW, 14 June 1905 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Conrad Appel, accompanied by several fellow musicians, arrived in Sydney from Melbourne in February 1857. At various times Appel advertised his "Parisian Band" and "Brass Band" (Sydney's Cremorne Gardens, 1857), "Quadrille Band" (1859), "splendid GERMAN BAND" and "magnificent Brass BAND" (1863). In September 1861:

George Coliver was found guilty, on the prosecution of Conrad Appel, of having thrown stones at him and others, members of the German Band, to their common danger, and was ordered to pay 2s. 6d penalty, with 8s. 4d. for costs.

In May 1860, Appel and five other musicians formed the band for some or all of a voyage from Suez to Sydney on the Malta.

One of the few records of their actual repertoire appears in a report of a dinner at which they played at Windsor in November 1864, when the toast airs they played were Fine old English gentleman, Here's a health to all good lasses, and [? Spagnoletti's] The Cornstalk galop.

In June 1866 Elizabeth Appel advertised that Appel had "entirely withdrawn from the present German Band, as he is in Queensland". In the 1869 General Election, Appel signed a November petition of support for James Martin and Henry Parkes. A "Herr Appel was in attendance with his cornet" at dances in Brisbane in February and April 1886. Appel's son John was then living in Brisbane; earlier both father and son had worked with circus companies.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 April 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 July 1857), 1

"ST. ANDREW'S DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 December 1857), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 April 1859), 1

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 September 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 December 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 December 1863), 1

"BALL AT THE VICTORIA BARRACKS", Empire (24 June 1864), 4

"THE DINNER AT WINDSOR", Empire (30 November 1864), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 June 1866), 1

"DOUBLE BAY REGATTA", Empire (2 January 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1869), 2

[Advertisement], Australian Town and Country Journal (11 February 1882), 1

[News], Queensland Figaro and Punch (27 February 1886), 33

[News], Queensland Figaro and Punch (3 April 1886), 33

"Death of an Old Musician", Glen Innes Examiner and General Advertiser (20 June 1905), 2 

On Thursday, after an illness extending upwards of 11 months, J. Conrad Appell, a resident of some years' standing, passed over to the great majority. Deceased had exceeded the allotted span of life, and was creeping into 80th year when death claimed him. Years ago Mr. Appell was a member of a celebrated German band (the first of its kind to visit New England; and which was "stuck up" between Tenterfield and Maryland by the notorious bushranger, Thunderbolt, who relieved the musicians of all their monetary possessions), and was proficient on the clarionet, of which instrument he was particularly fond. Later on he conducted a small hand in Glen Innes. Of recent years Dame Fortune had been scant in her favors to the aged, frail musician, and he plodded away industriously, in his little garden to make a livelihood. Last year the old chap was stricken with paralysis, and since that time had been tended unceasingly by his wife, but he gradually sank, until he heard once more the trumpet call - not the old strains of way back years, but the clarion call from the Celestial Home.

Bibliography and resources:

February 1857

Appell, C.; Rosekranz, H.; Fretoth, F.; Meir, F.; Meir, A.; Wagner, F.;  Spohr, W.; Spohr, H.; Marheine, C.; Oppermann, H.; Meir, L.

May 1860

FREDERICKS, Christian (Bandmaster, 31, Hanover); SPOHR, Henry (Musician, 22, Brunswick); APPEL, Conrad (Musician, 35, Hanover); ROSENKRANZ, Henry (Musician, 30, Hanover); HAUSE, Christopher (Musician, 20, Hanover); OPPERMAN, Henry (Musician, 30, Hanover) 

My thanks: To Karen Hughes for information from her great-great-grandfather's marriage (1858), naturalisation (1904), and death certificates, and from her other research.


Blind violinist, ex convict

Active Maitland, NSW, 1843


"RECOVERY OF STOLEN ORDERS", The Maitland Mercury (21 January 1843), 2

"COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS", The Maitland Mercury (15 April 1843), 2

John Applewhite was indicted for having in his possession a stolen order for £6 13s 9d, on the 14th January last. . . . The prisoner was in Lumley's public house the night before the robbery at the same time the prosecutor was there; he is a blind man, and had a fiddle with him . . . The prisoner said he had received the orders from George Hall, but he had not the slightest knowledge of their being stolen . . . He had been free thirteen years, and lost his sight in government service; he had never seen anything since he was free, and obtained a livelihood by playing upon a violin . . . the prisoner was then sentenced to be imprisoned in Newcastle gaol for three calendar months.

ARABANOO ("Manly")

Indigenous informant, singer (of "our tunes")

Died (of smallpox, ? chickenpox), Sydney, NSW, 18 May 1789


For his biography, see Smith below. Tench reported Manly had "shown pleasure and readiness in imitating our tunes".


Hunter 1792 (Ara-ba-noo)

Tench 1793 (Arabanoo), esp. 13 

1st. January, 1789. To-day being new-year's-day, most of the officers were invited to the governor's table: Manly dined heartily on fish and roasted pork; he was seated on a chest near a window, out of which, when he had done eating, he would have thrown his plate, had he not been prevented: during dinner-time a band of music played in an adjoining apartment; and after the cloth was removed, one of the company sang in a very soft and superior style; but the powers of melody were lost on Manly, which disappointed our expectations, as he had before shown pleasure and readiness in imitating our tunes. Stretched out on his chest, and putting his hat under his head, he fell asleep.

Collins 1798


Troy 1993

Bibliography and resources:

Keith Vincent Smith, "Arabanoo", Dictionary of Sydney 

ARABIN, Frances (Mrs. WESTON; Mrs. LAVERTY; Mrs. MACKAY, Mrs. MACKIE, occasionally MACKEY; Mrs. Gustavus ARABIN; Mrs. ARABIN)

Actor, vocalist

Born c.1809
Active Sydney, NSW, by December 1832
Hobart Town, VDL (TAS) from 1837; later Sydney, Adelaide, Maitland
Died West Maitland, NSW, 10 October 1848, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


The daughter of Mrs. A. M. Dieckman, of West Maitland (by a previous marriage), she had married the actor Gustavus Arabin (d.1857) and was in Hobart appearing at the theatre by 1837. The couple came with Anne Clarke's company to Sydney in 1838. She was frequently billed as singing songs and duets. In 1847 she returned to her family in Maitland, and in March was:

. . . about getting a room at the Rose Inn . . . fitted up as a theatre, and hopes by Easter to have it ready for performances by a mixed company, of amateurs and actors, under the management of herself and her husband, now in Sydney.

In due course in May, it was reported:

Mrs. Arabin, as usual, gave great satisfaction. In the song, "Perhaps it's as well as it is", she was rapturously encored, and although labouring under a severe cold and hoarseness, she contrived to delight the audience with her good humour and spirit.


"THEATRE-ROYAL, SYDNEY", The Sydney Herald (31 December 1832), 3 

The part of BLACK-EYED SUSAN, by (Mrs. Love), was well adapted to her powers . . . DOLLY MAY FLOWER (Mrs. Weston) performed her part with much navieté [sic]. CAPTAIN CROSSTREE (Mr. Cooper) was a gentlemanly and dignified performance . . .

"CORONERS INQUESTS", The Sydney Monitor (8 June 1833), 2 

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 June 1833), 2 

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (2 September 1834), 6 

On Saturday last, Mrs. Mackay had her benefit at Mr. Deane's Theatre. The house was well filled, and the performances were highly creditable. Mrs. Mackay would have pleased the Public much better, had she not favored them with the specimen of her vocal abilities.

"THEATRE", The Hobart Town Courier (15 December 1837), 2

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (15 March 1838), 2

"THEATRICALS", The Maitland Mercury (6 March 1847), 2

"THE THEATRE", The Maitland Mercury (15 May 1847), 2

"Deaths", The Maitland Mercury (18 October 1848), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (29 September 1848), 3

"Maitland District Court", The Maitland Mercury (19 September 1849), 2

"CIVIL SITTINGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 September 1849), 2

"DEATH", The Courier (13 February 1857), 2



Active Sydney, NSW, 1852-54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Her performance of Crouch's ballad Art thou in tears for the St. Mary's Choral Society in February 1852 was, according to the Empire, "Sung with great elegance and purity of taste by a young lady of very high promise". She also appeared in Coleman Jacobs's farewell concert in October 1853, and later "particularly distinguished herself" in further concerts for the St. Mary's Choral Society.


"ST. MARY'S CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", Empire (24 February 1852), 2

 [Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 October 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 October 1853), 2

"MR. COLEMAN JACOBS'S CONCERT", Illustrated Sydney News (29 October 1853), 6

"MR. COLEMAN JACOBS'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 October 1853), 5

"SUMMARY FOR ENGLAND", Illustrated Sydney News (7 January 1854), 2

ARMITAGE, Edward Fitzgerald

Indigenous culture recorder

Born Dublin, Ireland, 9 June 1848
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, May 1852 (per Prince Arthur)
Died Maryborough, QLD, 21 November 1943, in his 96th year

See main entries on Armitage's song transcriptions in chronicle: 


DU-RC-BA-758816 (St Nicholas, baptism 18 June 1848)

"FRASER ISLAND", The Brisbane Courier (19 March 1927), 13

"MR. NED ARMITAGE", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (26 February 1938), 3

"DEATH", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (22 November 1943), 2

"A PIONEER PASSES ON", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (24 November 1943), 2


"Corroborees of the Aborigines of Great Sandy Island, written and translated by Edward Armitage, of Maryborough, Queensland, 1923", in F. J. Watson, "Vocabularies of four representative tribes of South Eastern Queensland", supplement to the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (Queensland) 48/34 (1944), 96-97

Bibliography and resources:


Letter from Edward Armitage to the Attorney-General, QLD, requesting compensation for being discharged from his employment as a result of travelling to Brisbane to testify re the capture of McPherson alias "Wild Scotchman", dated 17 September 1866



Active VIC, 1853-58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




"THE WEEKLY CONCERTS", The Argus (2 February 1853), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 October 1853), 8

"MARYBOROUGH", The Argus (28 November 1856), 6

Maryborough Hospital . . . At Dunolly a concert was given at the Golden Age for the same laudable purpose, Madame Arnati White, Madame Vitelli, and Messrs. White, Leeman, and Gibson, giving their services gratuitously. The receipts amounted to £62.

[Advertisement], The Star (14 October 1857), 3

"MADAME ARNATI WHITE'S CONCERT", The Star (29 March 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 July 1858), 8

ARNDELL, Rowland Randolph

Pianist (pupil of Charles Packer), organist, composer

Born Maitland, NSW, 9 November 1857 (son of Thomas and Harriet ARNDELL)
Died ? QLD, 1920 (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (21 August 1862), 1

"BATHING IN A PUBLIC PLACE", The Maitland Mercury (18 February 1871), 3

"MAITLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 February 1874), 2

"LOCAL MUSIC", The Maitland Mercury (12 August 1876), 4

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1878), 5

"Amusements", Evening News (13 June 1878), 3

"A BROKEN HEART", The Maitland Mercury (12 June 1879), 5

"New Music", Newcastle Morning Herald (30 August 1879), 5

"THE CATHEDRAL", Freeman's Journal (16 June 1883), 14

"SOCIAL", The Brisbane Courier (10 November 1913), 9

Bibliography and resources:

"Roland Randolph Arndell (1857-1920)", WikiTree

ARNOLD, Edward

Music publisher, bookseller

Active Melbourne, VIC, by c.1850 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1853), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 September 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 October 1859), 2s

[News of the day], The Argus (21 November 1859), 4

Musical publications:

Hark to the strains that triumphant are swelling (a patriotic song on the separation of Port Phillip from New South Wales; written by W. J. D. Arnold, respectfully dedicated to His Excellency Charles Joseph La Trobe, esq., Governor of Victoria; the music composed by Frank Hooper) [c.1850] 

The light from the mountain, favorite ballad by an Australian Lady, the music by S. Nelson, as Sung by Miss O. Hamilton [1859] 

Aurora Australis polka (composed by J. Sutherland) [1859] 

ARNOLD, George

Violinist, band leader (The European Band, London Quadrille Band)

Born c. 1829 (son of George ARNOLD)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1859
Married Mary Ellen BYRNE, Sydney, NSW, 1860
Died Araluen, NSW, 21 February 1866 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1859), 12

NOTICE. - The European Saxhorn and Quadrille Bands, Nos. 16 and 27, Union-street, Sydney. Balls, Pic-nics, Excursions, Dinner Parties, Processions, &c., &c.. attended with brass or string bands. Leaders, Saxhorn Band, Mr. J. Taylor; Quadrille Band. Mr. G. Arnold. Country engagements promptly attended.

[2 advertisements], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1859), 1

LONDON QUADRILLE BAND, consisting of part of the EUROPEAN BAND (Leader, G. ARNOLD). are OPEN to ATTEND Balls, Picnics, Excursions, &c. The above band, consisting of the following instruments 1st violin, 1st cornet, piccolo, horn, bass, side drum, &c. For the above band address G. SUTCH, musician, No. 16. Union-street. N.B. - Small parties and clubs attended with violin, harp, and cornet.

VICTORIA ASSEMBLY ROOMS, opposite Moffitt's, bookseller. Opening night, MONDAY next, December 5. London Quadrille Band-leader, Mr. G. King; master of tho ceremonies, Mr.Henry Mott. Dancing at nine, terminates at half-post eleven.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1859), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 December 1859), 1 

VICTORIA ASSEMBLY ROOMS, Pitt-street, opposite Moffitt's. BACHELOR'S BALL TO-NIGHT. Stewards: Mr. B. Attwood, Mr. C. Francis, Mr. S. Baker, Mr. A. Long, Mr. H. Davest, Mr. H. Whitton. Mr. George Beaver will on this occasion only officiates as master of the ceremonies. London Quadrille Band-Leader, Mr. George Arnold. Dancing at nine, terminate at one o'clock.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1860), 8 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 March 1861), 1 

LONDON QUADRILLE BAND, late European. Violin, Harp, and Cornet, open to engagement. G. ARNOLD. Leader.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1862), 1 

MUSIC - The LONDON QUADRILLE BAND open to any Engagement on MONDAY EVENING, 27th. Violin. Cornet, and Harp. GEORGE ARNOLD, Leader, 150, Clarence-st., or Kangaroo Hotel. Apply early.

"WATER POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1863), 3 

MONDAY. BEFORE the Water Police Magistrate, with Mr. J. Williams and Mr. R. Ronald . . . George Arnold, 34, musician, and David Dutch, seaman, apprehended that he had stolen a number of carpenter's toola were discharged. The last-named prisoner was subsequently convicted of desertion from the ship Ironsides, and sentenced to four weeks' hard labour in gaol . . .

? "WATER POLICE COURT - MONDAY", Empire (16 June 1863), 2 

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (22 October 1864), 4 

MR. GEORGE ARNOLD, VIOLINIST. BALLS, Parties, &c., attended to on the shortest notice. Address G. A., care of Mr. C. Blackwin, Book of Cashel, Sloane-street, Goulburn.

[Advertisement], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (26 October 1864), 3 

Under the Patronage of His Honor Judge Wise. MR. SIGMONT will give a MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT in the Hall of the Mechanics' Institute, THIS EVENING (Wednesday), with the assistance of Mr. ARNOLD, late leader at the Prince of Wales Theatre, in Sydney, and Master WHITE on the concertina. Front seats, 2s. 6d.; back ditto, 1s. 6d. Tickets to be had of Mr. H. S. Clarke, Mr. Mr. W. Dignam, at the Mechanics' Institute, and at the City Book Mart. To commence at eight o'clock.

"MR. SIGMONT'S CONCERT", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (29 October 1864), 4 

On Wednesday evening Mr. Sigmont gave a concert in the hall of the mechanics' institute. He had hoped to have had the assistance of the members of the Philharmonic Society; but being disappointed he at first resolved to allow the concert to lapse. On re-consideration however he secured the assistance of Mr. Arnold, a violinist, and of Master White, son of Mr. F. White, who though stated to be only seven years of age performs on the concertina. The attendance was numerous; Mr. Jutstice Wise, under whose patronage the concert was held, and the clerk of arraigns being present. The want of more numerous performers was much felt, but Mr. Sigmont did his best to infuse variety into the evening's entertainment. The best pieces were some Hungarian waltzes, the peculiar nature of which was explained by Mr. Sigmont, and the overture and opening chorus of The Red Cross Banner, a piece of Mr. Sigmont's own composition which was performed at the York Festival and was much admired. Several of the songs and pieces were encored.

? "POLICE REPORT", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (25 January 1865), 2 

. . . George Arnold, brought up for drunkenoness, was discharged . . .

"DEATH IN THE ARALUEN LOCKUP", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (28 February 1866), 2 

A man named Arnold, a musician, who was lying in an outhouse on the premises of Mr. Christopher Jackson in a serious state of illness, was taken into custody by the police on Wednesday last and removed in a cart to the lock-up. Dr. Redhead was immediately called in to attend upon him, but the poor man had arrived at such a low stage as to be beyond relief, and notwithstanding all that could be done for him by the medical gentleman called in, he expired during Wednesday night. We understand that a magisterial inquiry was to have been held upon the body on Thursday or Friday, the result of which we have not heard, but there is no doubt that death resulted from that fatal cause, intemperance, under which so many in the colony hasten on, miserable and forsaken, to an untimely end. - Braidwood Dispatch.

ASSOCIATIONS: London Quadrille Band (leader); George Sutch (musician); G. King (band leader); J. Taylor (band leader); William Abercrombie Sigmont (musician)

ARNOLD, Thomas

Itinerant musician, barrel-organ player

Active Hobart, TAS, 1859


"POLICE COURT. Unlawful Purpose", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (13 December 1859), 2

George Hull was charged by Constable Smith with being at an early hour this morning on the premises of Thomas Arnold, itinerant musician, Goulbourn-street for an unlawful purpose . . . Thomas Arnold, the prosecutor, a blind man who gains his living by playing an organ in the streets . . .

ARRA-MAIDA (Arra-maïda)

Indigenous singer and dancer, Bruny Island, TAS

Active VLD (TAS), c.1802




As reported by Péron 1807 (Péron 1809); image plate 12 in atlas Péron 1811


Pianist, accompanist, composer, music publisher, musicseller

Born Dresden, Germany, 1843
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by May 1867 (from Germany)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, ? 1878
Died London, England, 28 May 1908 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Trading as Nicholson and Ascherberg (Melbourne) by November 1874; trading as Messrs. E. Ascherberg and Co. (London) by ? 1878


"THE QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY", The Argus (25 May 1867), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 June 1867), 8

[News], The Argus (27 June 1867), 5

[News], The Argus (30 May 1871), 5

"THE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (27 February 1872), 5

[News], The Argus (30 March 1874), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 November 1874), 7

[News], The Argus (15 September 1879), 5

"CABLE MESSAGES", The Brisbane Courier (17 March 1883), 5

[Bankruptcies], The London Gazette (29 May 1883), 2828

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (16 April 1885), 6

"MUECKE-CROSSLEY WEDDING", The Advertiser (16 May 1905), 6

"Re EUGENE ASCHERBERG, Deceased", The London Gazette (2 October 1908), 7157

"Eugene Ascherberg's Estate", The Music Trade Review (3 October 1908), 1

Musical works:

Two songs ("O calm thyself, my heart", and "Mother, oh sing me to rest") ("dedicated to Madame Escott") (Melbourne: Charles Troedel, [1867])


Until this heart shall break ("Wolle Keiner mich fragen"; composed by Eugene Ascherberg; German words by R. Prutz; English words by H. Puttmann (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [ca. 1879]) 

Publications include:

Dear old words (ballad; composed by Franz Abt; composed expressly for Nicholson & Ascherberg) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1876]) 

List! the birds are singing (song; by Franz Abt; Dedicated to Signora Antonietta Link . . . composed expressly for Nicholson Ascherberg) (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [? 1879]) 

Giorza's Exhibition album (Sydney: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1879] 

See also tagged items "Nicholson and Ascherberg": (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 213-15 (DIGITISED)

Kerry Murphy, "'Volk von Brüdern': the German-speaking Liedertafel in Melbourne", Nineteenth-century music review 2/2 (2005), 55-75 

ASHTON, Michael (Michael ASHTON)


Formerly of Liverpool, England
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, ? January 1853 (per Winchester)
Died Mornington, VIC, 19 July 1872, aged 84 years


"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (1 August 1855), 4


"THE MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (25 December 1878), 6

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (10 August 1872), 8s

[News], The Argus (13 August 1872), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Carne 1954


Professor of music, pupil of Thomas Attwood and John Baptist Cramer

Arrived Swan River Colony, WA, 1829
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 30 January 1831 (per Eagle)
Died Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1 October 1842, aged 43


Sarah Atkinson and her husband, former army officer (48th and 73rd regiments) and artist, Lieutenant John Atkinson, emigrated to Swan River Colony in 1829. They arrived in Hobart in January 1831. For their first year in the colony, she taught music and John drawing at Ellinthorpe Hall, Ross. Back in Hobart in late 1831, she began teaching music privately, and was already running a small girls school of her own when, in January 1833, she relocated to Stanwell Hall. A year later she moved the school to Richmond. John's recent insolvency was probably the cause of Sarah again seeking specifically musical employment in April 1836. She did so again after his death in 1839.


"SHIP NEWS", Colonial Times (1 February 1831), 2

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (22 October 1831), 3

INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC. MRS. ATKINSON begs leave respectfully to inform the inhabitants of Hobart-town and its vicinity, that as her late engagement at Ellenthorpe Hall (where during the last twelve months she has had the good fortune as a teacher to give every satisfaction) concludes at the ensuing Christmas vacation, she proposes at that time to commence giving instruction m Music, either at her own residence in town, or at that of the friends of such Pupils as may be entrusted to her care as well as to such young Ladies as may wish to avail themselves of her instruction during the vacations at school. Mrs. Atkinson will give due notice of her residence in a future advertisement.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (12 October 1832), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (30 November 1832), 1

STANWELL HALL, ESTABLISHMENT FOR YOUNG LADIES. MRS. J. ATKINSON will commence receiving those young Ladies intrusted to her charge on Monday the 15th January, 1833, and hopes by a strict attention to her duty, to merit the favour of those Parents and Guardians who may intrust her with Pupils. Mrs. Atkinson will give lessons in music at her residence from the 15th December 1832, to Jan. 13, 1833. N.B.-Drawing will be taught in the Establishment at 6 guineas, extra attendance out 10 guineas.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (20 December 1833), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (24 December 1833), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (26 January 1836), 8

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (22 April 1836), 3

MRS. JOHN ATKINSON, Professor of Music, begs most respectfully to offer her services to the inhabitants of Hobart town in that department (as well as in French). She was a pupil of Mr. Attwood, who presided at the organ of St. Paul's, London, and was finished by Mr. J. B. Cramer. Her terms may be known by reference to Dr. Ross or at her residence, No. 25, Collins street. She also begs to state, she had the honour to attend at Government House, where she gave every satisfaction.

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (20 May 1836), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (7 January 1840), 3

Private Tuition. MRS. ATKINSON, of No. 3, Patrick street, recently left, by the death of her Husband, to provide for herself and five children, will be happy to engage in the Private Tuition of French, Music, or any other branch of Female Education, either at her own house, or at the residences of her pupils. The most respectable references can be given. December 31, 1834.

Deaths in the district of Hobart, 1842; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1185018; RGD35/1/1 no 1179 

Bibliography and resources:

Margaret Glover, "Atkinson, John", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

G. F. Stilwell, "Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark of Ellinthorp Hall", Tasmanian Historical Research Association 11/3 (April 1963), 72-109 (82)


Professor of music, pianist, organist singing class instructor

Active Brisbane, QLD, by 1863


[Advertisement], The Courier (29 June 1863), 3

[News], The Courier (22 December 1863), 2

[News], The Courier (23 December 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (24 October 1864), 1


Music copyist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1854), 1

To THE LADIES. - Music copied on reasonable terms. Mr. ATTFIELD, 70, Hunter-street.

AUERBACH, Fraulein


Active Sydney, NSW, 1860


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 August 1860), 1 

CITY CONCERT HALL. - FRAULIEN AUERBACH, great artiste, sings in French, German, and Swedish National Songs.

AULD, Isabella (Mrs. Patrick R. SCOTT)

Teacher of music

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 16 January 1840 (per Charlotte, from Leith, 18 August 1839, and Hobart, 11 January)
Married Patrick Rigg SCOTT (1817-1850), Sydney, NSW, 22 April 1841
Died Calcutta, Bengal, India, 19 December 1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Hobart Town Shipping", Launceston Examiner (2 January 1840), 4

"PASSENGERS PER CHARLOTTE", Colonial Times (14 January 1840), 3

"CHARLOTTE", The Sydney Monitor (17 January 1840), 3

[Advertisement], The Colonist (22 January 1840), 3

FROM EUROPE. MISS J. AULD, Pupil to the most eminent Masters, will give instruction in the following branches of Music; both to Juvenile, and also to finishing Pupils, víz:- Piano-forte, Harp, Guitar, and Singing, either English, Scotch, or Italian, in the most perfect and fashionable style. Will be happy to shew satisfactory references if required. January 22.

"MARRIED", The Sydney Herald (26 April 1841), 3

MARRIED. By special license, at St. Julian Cottage, Sydney, on Thursday, 22nd instant, by the Rev. Dr. Lang, Mr. P. R. Scott, eldest son of J. Scott, Esq., of Easter Dairy House, Edinburgh, to Isabella daughter of the late Thomas Auld, Esq., St. Petersburg.

AUSTIN, John Gardner (J. G. AUSTIN)

Lithographer and printer

Born ? London; baptised St. Dunstan and All Saints, Stepney, 26 August 1812
Arrived Sydney, 12 June 1834 (per Bristol) ? Died VIC, 1884, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Music prints:

A song of the women of the Menero Tribe arranged with the assistance of several Musical Gentlemen . . . by John Lhotsky (Sydney: I. G. Austin, Litho[graphe]r, n.d [1834]) (DIGITISED)

Echo's song, the words by Robert Stewart, esqr., composed and dedicated to his friend Mrs. C. Logan of Hobart Town, by Willm Wallace, late leader of the Anacreontic Society Dublin (Sydney: Printed by J. G. Austin, No. 12 Bridge Street, n.d. [1837]) (DIGITISED)

See also:


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (3 November 1834), 1

"Domestic Intelligence", The Australian (7 November 1834), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 November 1834), 3

"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (2 February 1837), 2

[News], The Colonist (2 February 1837), 2

[Sydney news], The Hobart Town Courier (17 February 1837), 2

"INSOLVENT ESTATES", Australasian Chronicle (5 April 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1849), 1

See also:

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Neville et al., "John Gardner Austin", Design & Art Australia Online (1992; 2011)

"John Garnder Austin", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

Neidorf 1999, 134-35

AVINS, Julia (Mrs. AVINS; Mrs. Henry Stacey AVINS)

Actor, vocalist, dancer

Born c. 1816
Arrived Melbourne, NSW (VIC), May 1840 (per China, from London)
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 14 November 1892, aged 76, a colonist of 52 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (7 April 1841), 1 

THE ROYAL PAVILION SALOON WILL open on MONDAY EVENING, April 12, with a Vocal and Instrumental Concert. Programme. Part I.
Opening Chorus - "God eave the Queen" - By the whole Company.
Overture - "A la Melbourne" - Monsieur Gautrot and Band.
Song - "Blue Violets" - Mrs. Avins . . .
. . . Part II . . .
Song - Madame Gautrot
Song - "Away to the Mountain's Brow," - Mrs. Avins.
Duet - " The Charity School Boy" - Mrs. Avins and Mr. Miller.
Overture - Band.
Finale - "Rule Britannia," by the whole strength or the Company . . .

"DEATHS", Leader (14 August 1875), 15 

"Deaths", The Argus (22 November 1892), 1 

"An Actress of the Early Days", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 December 1892), 31 

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2020