THIS PAGE LAST MODIFIED : Friday 7 February 2020 14:00

A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–D

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–D", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 20 February 2020

- D -


Music teacher and conductor (The Marsh Troupe)

Active Australia, 1861-62


"THE MARSH TROUPE", Ipswich Herald (2 July 1861), 4

[Advertisement], The Star (17 October 1861), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 February 1862), 8

DACHSEL, William

? Musical instrumental seller

? Active Brisbane, QLD, 1863


[Advertisement], The Courier (30 October 1863), 4

Notice to Musicians. ALL kinds of BRASS and STRING INSTRUMENTS. For Sale, at the lowest possible prices, at WM. DACHSEL, care of F. Cramer, Adelaide-street, North Brisbane.

D'ALBERT, Charles

British composer, dancing master, band conductor

Born Germany, 1809
Died UK, 1886 (NLA persistent identifier)


One of the most prolific British composers of popular pieces of dance music, many of which were reprinted and widely performed here from as early as 1847, Charles D'Albert never visited the Australian colonies. However, Sydney publishers Woolcott and Clarke selected two of his waltzes (Faust, and Fairest of the fair) for inclusion in their 1854 set The ladies of Sydney waltzes in their first Australian presentation album. Later that year, his Regatta valse was "composed expressly for the colony", this time especially commissioned by Woolcott and Clarke for their second colonial collection, The Australian presentation album for 1855, and for the 1855 Anniversary (26 January) Regatta.

Woolcott and Clarke also issued his Overland mail galop in 1855 (later reissued here by J. R. Clarke alone). Lewis Moss published the Sydney Exhibition valse ("Dedicated to the Ladies of New South Wales") in 1879. Meanwhile, Chappell in London also published the Sydney Exhibition quadrille (likewise "Dedicated to the Ladies of New South Wales").


[Advertisement]: "JUST PUBLISHED", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 April 1854), 8

"THE AUSTRALIAN PRESENTATION ALBUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1854), 5

[Advertisement]: "JUST PUBLISHED", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1854), 5 [reprints review from Empire]

"ALBUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1855), 8

[Advertisement], Empire (22 December 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 March 1856), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 March 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1879), 10

Musical works online:

Faust and Fairest of the fair The ladies of Sydney waltzes (Sydney: Woolcott and Clarke, [1854]; also in The Australian Presentation album for 1854)

Regatta valse (Sydney: Woolcott and Clarke, 1855, and in The Australian presentation album for 1855)

Overland Mail galop (Sydney: Woolcott & Clarke, 1855; later reissued Sydney: J. R. Clarke)

Sydney Exhibition valse (Sydney: Moss & Co., [1879])

Sydney Exhibition quadrille (London: Chappell & Co., [1879]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Charles D'Albert at What's the score at the Bodleian?: digitizing music scores at the Bodleian Library (website)

DALLE CASE, Luigi (Luigi DALLE CASE; Signor DALLE CASE; Lewis; ? Louis)

Circus performer, theatrical manager, entrepreneur

Born ? Italy/France, c. 1801
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 July 1841 (per Salages from Ile Bourbon, 27 May)
Arrived Launceston, VDL (TAS), 29 October 1842 (per Waterlilly, from Sydney, 17 October)
Departed Launceston, VDL (TAS), late March 1843 (for Batavia)
Active South Africa, 1848-52
Died Agra, India, 27 June 1856, aged "55" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DALLE CASE, Margaret (Margaret DALLE CASE; wife of the above)

? Circus performer

? DALLE CASE, Anna (Signorina ANNA; Signorina Anna DALLE CASE)

Circus performer, dancer, vocalist (pupil of Eliza Bushelle)

Born ? Brazil, c. 1832/3
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 July 1841 (per Salages from Ile Bourbon, 27 May) Departed Launceston, VDL (TAS), late March 1843 (for Batavia) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Emilia (Signorina EMILIA; Signorina Emilia DALLE CASE)

Circus performer, dancer, vocalist (pupil of Eliza Bushelle)

Born ? Brazil, c. 1834/5
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 July 1841 (per Salages from Ile Bourbon, 27 May)
Departed Launceston, VDL (TAS), late March 1843 (for Batavia) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DALLE CASE, Lewis James

Equestrian, circus performer

Born 1843; baptised, Green Ponds, VDL (TAS), 18 August 1843; son of Lewis and Margaret DALLE CASE
Died Agra, India, 25 June 1856, aged "11"


Circus performer

Arrived Hobart, TAS, 7 January 1854 (per Walter Scott, from Mauritius, 30 November 1853)
Active VIC and NSW, until after May 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Though he was not himself a public musician, Dalle Case's short stay in NSW was significant for local music and musicians.

In company with the dancer Charierre and his wife, Dalle Case "and two children", and others of their troupe, arrived in Sydney from Mauritius, on 10 July 1841.

Charierre withdrew from the troupe on arrival, laeving Dalle Case to give his first gymnastic entertainments in August, on a bill that also included the two juvenile tight-rope dancers, Signora Emilia, "a young lady, seven years old", and Signorina Anna. Described elsewhere as the "Brazilian Girls", they were said to have been indentured to Dalle Case in Brazil, though it was evidently also assumed by some, and at least once reported, that they were his natural or adopted daughters.

According to The Monitor, "the èlite of Sydney were assembled in great force" for a show that it doubted "many of our Australian youths now living will 'ever see the like again'." But the Herald concluded that, given the already depressed times, it must have been largely the "working classes" that were supporting Dalle Case and the theatres.

The two young girls also took singing lessons from Eliza Bushelle, and Emilia made her public debut as a vocalist at the Bushelles' concert in September 1841 singing Auber's Povera signora.

Among improvements promised for Dalle Case's last November performance at the Victoria Theatre was a "superior orchestra". By December, construction of his new tent theatre on the corner of George and Hunter Streets was underway, though the government at first refused him a license to use it. With decorations added by the artist John Skinner Prout, the so-called Olympic was judged by the Gazette to be an "elegant little amphitheatre".

In February 1842, Dalle Case began diversifying the Olympic fare by engaging actors, dancers, singers and musicians, notably including the Gautrots and Bushelles, many of them Victoria Theatre regulars. Her hired John Deane junior to form and lead an orchestra. By March, however, he and the rival theatres were in serious contention, and in April he was listed among the newly insolvent.

Dalle Case meanwhile taking his troupe abroad to Parramatta, Maitland, and Windsor, several complaints against him came before the chief commissioner on 17 August. The record of proceedings is an interesting musical-historical document, in that those called and quoted verbatim and at length included John Bushelle, Joseph Gautrot (through an interpreter), and Mons. Charriere.

Dalle Case took a farewell benefit at the Victoria Theatre on 30 September, and embarked for Hobart on 5 October, with a small company including the two girls, Anna and Emilia. The company gave performances there and in the midlands and Launceston well into March 1843.

Dalle Case and company evidently left Tasmania in late March or early April, for they arrived in Batavia in mid May. However, a woman calling herself Margaret Dalle Case (there is no record of a marriage), stayed behind, evidently pregnant; a son, Lewis, was baptised at the Church of England, Green Ponds, on 18 August 1843.

In Sydney in April 1844, The Australian reported a rumour of Della Case's execution, which was, however, contradicted by reports of his continued touring in Malacca, Penang, Batavia, India, and, by January 1848, the Cape Colony.

A Madame Dalle Case, plausibly his wife Margaret, re-appeared as a circus performer in Australia in the mid 1850s. Signora Dalle Case had performed with Dalle Case in Cape Town in 1847 and 1848.

Dalle Case and his son, Lewis, were in Bombay (Mumbai), India, by May 1855. Father and son died only a couple of days apart, of cholera, in Agra, in June 1856.

THANKS: To Alan Robiette (October 2019) for kindly sharing his findings on Dalle Case's time in India, and his death.


Sydney, NSW (10 July 1841 to 13 October 1842)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 July 1841), 2

From Bourbon, same day [10 July] whence she sailed the 27th May, the French ship Salayes, Captain Williams, with sugar. Prasengers, Monsieur Charrier, Lady, and servant, Monsieur Dellacas and two children, Monsieur Froget, Monsieur Fourcade, Monsieur Jourbert, and Monsieur Mayuel.

[News], The Australian (13 July 1841), 2

The French ship just arrived brings us a curious importation, which promises to add materially to the means of amusement for our towns' folks. Signor Dalcase has arrived here with two Brazilian feminine rope dancers of the respective ages of seven and nine years, who were indentured to him, under the promise, that when they arrived at the age of sixteen, they would be returned to their native country, with a certain sum of money in their possession. We have had an interview with the Signor, who gives us a wonderful account of the performances of these girls, who are able to ascend a rope at any elevation without the use of balancing poles. The Signor himself is a "professor of the Herculean sciences," and performs wonderful notions such as the lifting of weights, and the management of the Olympic column. We also have to add that a Monsieur Charriere will make his appearance before an admiring Sydney audience as a comic ballet dancer, in which "profession" he is said have great merit; and though last, not least, we hear of a clever dog that plays at cards like a discreet dowager, and of a monkey that fires a gun. This corps of "acrobates" and "funambules," in other words, of tumblers and rope-dancers, will, no doubt, vastly amuse the younger portion of our friends, and reap a substantial reward for their arduous and dexterous labour.

[Advertisement], The Australian (14 August 1841), 3

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 August 1841), 2 

This evening Mons. Charriere will make his first appearance on the boards of the Victoria . . . Mons. Charriere has seceded from the connection entered into between himself and Seignor Dalle Case, previous to their leaving the Mauritius, and has, we understand, been engaged by Mr. Knight for the present season at the Victoria. On Wednesday evening the Foreign gymnastic company will make their first appearance at this establishment. The feats said to be performed by some of these performers, are truly wonderful, and will, we doubt not, have the effect of drawing a most crowded audience.

"THE FOREIGN GYMNASTIC COMPANY", The Sydney Monitor (27 August 1841), 2

On Wednesday evening last, we witnessed the surprising feats of Signor Luigi Dalle Case and his Company, at the Royal Victoria Theatre . . .

"WEDDING", Sydney Free Press (18 September 1841), 2 

Signior Liugi Dalle Case whose astonishing gymnastic performances have created so much sensation among the Australian public, has appeared in a entirely new character on the theatre of life, by entering into the matrimonial estate; having been married on Thursday last to Mrs. Roberts, wife of the late Mr. Richard Roberts of Sydney. After the performance of the ceremony, the happy couple and their friends retired to the residence of the bride in Phillip-street, where the nuptial festivities were conducted in a style of great eclat and liberality. We think it probable that this event will deprive the Sydneyites from the pleasure of a repetition of the singular and entertaining performances of Signior Dalle Case and his family.

"HOAX", Sydney Free Press (21 September 1841), 3 

We have since learned that the story of Signor Dalle Case's marriage, which was reported in our last, is merely a false rumour . . .

"BUSHELLE'S CONCERT", Sydney Free Press (25 September 1841), 3 

. . . Signorina Emilia sang "Povera Signora," with great taste and talent for one so young, and does ample credit to her instructor . . .

"THE TIMES", The Sydney Herald (29 September 1841), 2

"THEATRICALS", The Omnibus and Sydney Spectator (2 October 1841), 3 

. . . We saw Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle with their two pupils, the very interestidg Brazilians the Senoritas Anna, and Emilia, who though they do not understand English, seemed to enjoy, with childish delight all they saw . . .

"Fashionable Chit Chat", The Omnibus and Sydney Spectator (6 November 1841), 42 

The intended marriage of the Signor Dalle Case, is adjourned sine die, owing, as is reported, to the ofcious interference of some friends.

[Advertisement], The Australian (13 November 1841), 3

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE. LAST NIGHT Of Signor Dalle Case at the Victoria Theatre . . . on WEDNESDAY Evening next, the 17th instant . . . he has made arrangements to have the house better lighted, a superior Orchestra, and an improved management behind the scenes, than that displayed on Wednesday Evening last . . .

"NEW THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (1 December 1841), 3

Signor Dalle Case's temporary Theatre in Hunter-street, is being rapidly proceeded with. The roof, which is to be covered with canvas, is being erected.

[News], The Sydney Herald (9 December 1841), 2

We understand that the Government have refused Signor Dalle Case a license for the exhibition of gymnastic performances at the corner of Hunter-street, - the grounds of which have not been stated. The Signor having been at a great expense (some £300 or £400) in erecting and materials for his building, it is to be regretted that the Government did not give him a decided refusal upon his first application for a license.

"Signor Dalle Case's Olympic Arena", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 February 1842), 3 

Australian Olympic Theatre, HUNTER-STREET . . . An Efficient Orchestra is now forming, which will be led by Mr. Deane, jun. . . .

"THEATRICAL GOSSIP", The Sydney Herald (7 February 1842), 2

. . . According to the advertisement which appeared in Saturday's papers, we perceive that the Signor has engaged Mr. Knowles, undoubtedly the most clever performer in the colony, whether in tragedy orgenteel comedy; Mrs. Knowles, who sings a little, dances a little, and plays a general round of characters, better than any actress in Sydney; Mrs. O'Flaherty, who, as Miss Winstanley, was always a favorite, and plays heavy characters, both in tragedy and melodrama very well; her sister Mrs. Ximines, who sings and plays comedy; Mrs. Larra, who, in the Malaprop line, is first rate; and Mr. O'Flaherty, of whom wo know nothing, except that report (report alway does speak highly of a new perfonner) speaks highly of him. In addition to these there are for ballet, M. Charriere, Mrs. Brock, and the Brazilian girls . . .

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Sydney Herald (26 April 1842), 2

. . . Luigi Dalle Case, Hunter-street, Professor of Gymnastics, filed 23rd April . . .

"In the insolvency of Signor Dalle Case", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 August 1842), 2

John Bushelle was called by Mr. DILLON, for the trustee, and deposed:- I know the insolvent . . . I paid a visit to Messrs. Charriere and Gautrot, and was consulted by them as to the propriety of their receiving a number of boxes from the insolvent, when I at once told them that they were rendering themselves liable to a severe punishment if they received them, and that they had better send them back at once . . . I have heard from the insolvent that an organ had been sold to Cetta by his orders, which organ insolvent admitted to be his; I have reason to believe that £10 was the value fixed upon it . . . Since the insolvent's sequestration I have heard him say that he had money enough to pay his passage to India, or any other country; he proposed to me to go with him to South America, or some other country, and that he would pay my expenses . . . he stated to me that when the French fleet was at Buenos Ayres, he had lent several thousand dollars, and that he expected to get a very good interest for them . . .

"POLICE INTELLIGENCE. Bushelle v. Dalle Case", The New South Wales Examiner (26 August 1842), 3 

On Monday morning, Signor Dalle Case, Professor of Gymastics, was brought up on warrant before Mr. Windeyer, to answer the serious charge of threatening to blow out the brains of Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle, the celebrated Sydney vocalists, on Saturday night last . . .

"DALLE CASE'S BENEFIT", Australasian Chronicle (1 October 1842), 2

"DEPARTURES", Australasian Chronicle (6 October 1842), 3

5. - For Hobart Town, the steamer Seahorse, Captain Tallan, with cattle and sheep. Passengers - steerage, Signor Dalle Case and two daughters, Mr. Garcon, Miss O'Brien, Mr. Hughes, and Mr. King.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . . . SAILED", The Australian (14 October 1842), 2 

Oct. 13. - The schooner WATERLILY, Brown, master, for Hobart Town, with salt, &c. Passengers, Mrs. Montigue and child, Mrs. Taylor, Mr. Crocker, Signor Dalle Case, Signorinas Anna and Amelia Dalle Case, and nine steerage . . .

Van Diemen's Land (TAS) (29 October 1842 to ? mid to late 1843)

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Courier (4 November 1842), 2 

29 - Arrived the schooner Waterlilly, 155 tons, Brown, from Sydney 17th October, with sundries passengers, Mrs. Taylor, Mr. J. W. Crocker, Mrs. Montagu and child, Signor Dalle Case, Signorittas Anna and Amelia . . .

[Advertisement], The Courier (13 January 1843), 1 

ALBERT THEATRE. Corner of Liverpool and Argyle-streets.
MONDAY, 16th JANUARY, 1843. The Performances of the Evening will consist of: -
1. Various Dances on the Tight Rope, by Signorinas Anna and Emilia . . .
3. The far-famed "Pas de Zephire," by Signorina Emilia . . .
5. A great variety of Athletic Exercises, by Signor Dalle Case.
6. The admired Song of "Povera Signora," by Signorina Emilia.
7. Solo on the Cornopean, by an Amateur.
8. The "Grand Egyptian Pyramid," by all the Company.
9. The National Dance of "La Tarantella," by the Young Brazilians . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (1 March 1843), 5 

WANTED immediately, by Signor Dalle Case, who leaves Launceston, on Saturday next, one, two, or three real FORESTER KANGAROOS. Any person having such for sale, will receive £5 each by applying to him. March 1.

"THE [LAUNCESTON] RACES", Colonial Times (28 March 1843), 3 

. . . Signor Dalle Case had a booth, with, seemingly, plenty of entertainment within; for there were three lusty fellows, one in flesh-coloured flannel, dancing gaily on huge stilts outside, and drinking as gaily out of a beer bottle: the wit of this was rather obscure to our dull faculties, but it seemed to please "the public" . . .

Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of Green Ponds . . . in the year 1843; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1089109; RGD32/1/3/ no 2272$init=RGD32-1-3-p567 

No. 105 / [baptised] 18th August 1843 / [born] - / Lewis / [son of] Lewis & Margaret / Dalle Case / [abode] Batavia / [profession] Player / [minister] Geo. Otter

After Australia (1843 to 1856)

"MENGELINGEN. TOONEEL-NIEUWS", Javasche courant [Batavia] (17 May 1843), 2 

Dezer dagen is een gezelschap Acrobaten onder directie van Signor Dalle Case, alhier met het schip King William van Hobarttown . . .

"DALLE CASE", The Guardian (11 April 1844), 36 

We have just learned that this well-known gymniast has suffered the extreme penalty of the law at Port Louis, in the Mauritius, for stabbing a man who had previously attempted to seduce the eldest of his pupils, Donna Anna.

"ITALIAN VENGEANCE", The Australian (16 April 1844), 4

[News], The Cornwall Chronicle (3 July 1844), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (17 July 1844), 1 

Notice. SIGNOR DALLE CASE, who was alleged, in one of the Sydney Journals, to have been Hanged, arrived at Singapore from Batavia, with his Pupils the Signorinas Anna and Emelia, on the 18th January last, and after a series of gymnastic entertainments, sailed thence on the 15th February for Malacca and Penang. - Port Phillip Herald.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Australian (14 September 1844), 2 

The Asia, Smith, from Lombock, arrived at Hong Kong 18th May: passengers, Signor Dalle Case, Miss Rita, and Miss A. Canada.

"MADRAS", Launceston Examiner (21 March 1846), 7 

"MAURITIUS", The Courier (10 March 1847), 3 

Signor Dalle Case, having completed a tour of the whole eastern part of the globe, has returned to Mauritius. He is accompanied by the celebrated ourang-outang Gertrude, and the extraordinary dog Munito. Signora Emilia is still attached to the company, which is strengthened by the addition of some Chinese performers.

"MULTUM IN PARVO", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 April 1848), 2 

Signor Dalle Case, formerly of Sydney, was at the Cape of Good Hope in January last.

[Advertisement], The Bombay Times (23 May 1855) (transcribed verbatim, Alan Robiette, 2019)

Signor Dalle Case has the honor to announce, that the Foreign Company under his management will give their second Performance on WEDNESDAY the 23rd instant; Tight Rope by the Young Chinese Girl Hamoi, Mademoiselle Emelia, Mr. Cottrell, Master Pithega; Equestrians, Miss Hamoi, Messrs. Albray, Capére, Ernest, Bottari, Pithega, Auguste, Fairy Ponies, Signor Dalle Case, Athletic and Acrobatic Division, by the young Chinese Girl Hamoi, Signor Bottari, Pithega, Coregraphye part Mademoiselle Emilia.

British India Office ecclesiastical returns for 1856, Roman Catholic burials (transcribed Alan Robiette, 2019)

Lewis James Dellacase [buried] 25 June [aged] 11 [from] cholera [occupation] equestrian
Lewis Dellacase, [buried] 28 June [died aged] 55 [from] cholera [occupation] equestrian

The Indian news and chronicle of eastern affaires (15 August 1856), 369 

CASE. - June 25, at Agra, Pigotha, only son of Signor L. Dalla Case, aged 11 years.
CASE. - June 27, at Agra, Signor L. Dalla Case, Proprietor of the Royal Victoria Circus.

Bibliography and resources:

Albert Weiner, "The short unhappy career of Luigi Dalle Case", Educational theatre journal 27/1 (March 1975), 77-84 (PAYWALL)

"Luigi Dalle Case", Encyclopaedia of South African theatre, film, media and performance (ESAT)

DALMAS, Madame (Madame DALMAS)

Professor of music, school teacher

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1842-43 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (18 June 1842), 1 

FRENCH AND ENGLISH Seminary for Young Ladies, Victoria House, Macquarie-street, Parramatta. MADAME DALMAS . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Monsieur Charriere (dancing master)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1843), 3 

FRENCH AND ENGLISH SEMINARY FOR YOUNG LADIES, SMITH-STREET, GEORGE-STREET, PARRAMATTA. MADAME DALMAS . . . Madame D. gives private lessons at her residence, as professor of Languages, Music, and Drawing, to Ladies desirous of improving in those accomplishments.


Contralto vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, November 1854 to May 1855'Alton+vocalist+c1854-55 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 January 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 January 1855), 8

"MONSIEUR AND MADAME HERWYN'S CONCERT", The Argus (9 January 1855), 5

Mrs. Dalton sang "By the Sad Sea Wave", and "Deh non Voler" in good taste. She has a rich, even, contralto voice, over which a little more practice will give her a more full command.

"GRAND CONCERT AT THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (15 February 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 April 1855), 8

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Argus (16 April 1855), 5

Mrs. D'Alton was the only vocalist on the occasion . . . The lady in question possesses a magnificent contralto, but on Saturday evening appeared to suffer from nervousness to a painful extent.

"CONCERT HALL", The Argus (23 April 1855), 6

Mrs. D'Alton and Miss Louisa Swannell are pursuing a most successful career, both ladies being nightly encored.

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 May 1855), 8


Orchestral musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1858


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 December 1858), 4 

. . . John Winterbottom, conductor
R. Vaughan, Charles Frederichs, F. S. Wilkinson, W. Dalton, S. Davis, L. Hall, W. J. S. Tranter, Charles Eigenschenk.
Prince of Wales Theatre, Sydney, December 9.

ASSOCIATIONS: Probably, correctly, Isaac Davis and John Thompson Hall


Precentor, conductor of psalmody

Active Ballarat, VIC, c.1850s


"WESLEY CHURCH. MUSICAL CELEBRATION", The Star (25 August 1860), 2

He began by stating that the original precentor in the congregation there was Mr. Daly who had gone away. To him succeeded the Messrs. Doane, who organised a choir.

Associations: Joseph Attwood Doane

DANIEL, Emma Caldwell (Miss; Miss E. C. DANIEL; E. R. [sic] DANIEL; DANIELS)

Pianist, teacher, composer

Born ? Wales, c. 1828
Active 1856-79
Died Morphett Vale, SA, 13 September 1919, aged 91 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DANIEL, Josiah Wyke (Mr. J. W. DANIEL)

Tenor vocalist, choral conductor

Born Wales, c.1826
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 16 September 1850 (immigrant per Steboneath, from England)
Died Adelaide, SA, 13 June 1891, aged 65 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DANIEL, Emily (Emily Jane DANIEL)


Born Adelaide, SA, 1853

DANIEL, Arthur (Mr. Arthur Haydn DANIEL)

Cornet player, vocalist

Born Adelaide, SA, 1857


In Adelaide in December 1850, Mr. J. W. Daniel, "lately arrived in the Colony", made his first appearance at the Choral Society. During the ensuing decade he a leading resident vocal soloist and conductor, working with Carl Linger, the Adelaide and North Adelaide Choral Societies, the Adelaide Sacred Harmonic Society, and supporting visiting artists as Maria Carandini (1858). In 1859, Daniel and Linger were joint conductors of the Handel Commemoration Festival.

In September 1856, "Miss E. C. Daniel" advertised in Adelaide as a "teacher of singing", giving her address as that of Mr. J. W. Daniel, probably her brother, of Grenfell Street. Miss E. Daniel "presided at the piano-forte" for his concert at the East Torrens Institute in October 1856. In December "Miss Daniel" and "Miss E. C. Daniels" were both in Anna Bishop's party, embarking from Adelaide for Melbourne.

In January 1857 in Melbourne Miss E. C. Daniel advertised as a "Professor of Music and Singing, of considerable experience in England, and in the colony of South Australia", and in April was a vocal soloist at at Melbourne Philharmonic Society concert. A "Miss Daniels" also assisted Cesare Cutolo at his Adelaide concert in February 1859, and in November the Misses Daniel applied for a licence to run a school at Morphett Vale.

J. W. Daniel and Miss E. Daniel gave a soiree musicale at Noarlunga in September 1867, and at a concert of sacred music at Morphett Vale Baptist Church in 1868. Miss E. C. Daniel assisted at Mrs. Hill's entertainment at Morphett Vale in 1874, and Miss E. Daniels conducted the choir at the Baptist Church, Morphett Vale in 1879.


[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (20 September 1850), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal (7 December 1850), 1

ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY . . . The Committee have great pleasure in announcing that the orchestra has been greatly augmented since their last Concert by several new and talented performers, among whom are the principal members of the Liedertafel and Mr. J. W. Daniels (late Principal Tenor and Conductor of the Bath Madrigal Athenaeum and Choral Societies.

"SOUTH AUSTRALIA", Colonial Times (24 December 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (25 September 1856), 1

"EAST TORRENS INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (16 October 1856), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (10 December 1856), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 January 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1857), 8

"ADELAIDE", The Musical Times (1 December 1858), 351

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (10 February 1859), 1

[Editorial], The South Australian Advertiser (7 March 1861), 2

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (8 March 1861), 3

"POETRY", The South Australian Advertiser (12 March 1861), 3

"NOARLUNGA", The South Australian Advertiser (12 September 1867), 3

"MORPEHTT VALE", The South Australian Advertiser (26 May 1868), 3

"MRS. T. P. HILL'S ENTERTAINMENTS", South Australian Register (17 September 1874), 5

"MORPEHTT VALE", The South Australian Advertiser (15 April 1879), 7

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (15 June 1891), 4

THE LATE MR. J. W. DANIEL", South Australian Register (15 June 1891), 4

On Saturday morning Mr. Josiah Wyke Daniel, an old and respected colonist, breathed his last. Mr. Daniel arrived in the colony from England in 1850, and was for many years engaged in the soft-goods business in Adelaide. For a time, too, he was a storekeeper at Mount Pleasant. During the last twelve years he was in the Civil Service as store-keeper at the Government Printing Office. The deceased always took a lively interest in promoting the study of music, and, possessing. a rich voice, he was highly thought of as a vocalist, and will be much missed from musical circles. He had only a brief illness, and he leaves a widow and grown-up family.

"THE LATE MRS. J. W. DANIEL", The Express and Telegraph (4 May 1904), 1

H. Brewster Jones, "MEMORIES OF CARL LINGER", The Advertiser (24 February 1936), 17

. . . It does not need any stretch of the imagination to picture J. W. Daniel the leading bass soloist of these times, and Carl Linger's right-hand man, who acted as choral master for the first performance of "The Messiah" in 1859, as one of the central figures in this graveside performance in February, 1862. Mr. J. W. Daniel was bass soloist at Bath Abbey, in England, before coming to Australia in 1850. He was the son of a Baptist minister, and worthily upheld the family tradition in his activities in South Australia. He was the first to introduce the "tonic-sol-fa" system here, and on Saturday afternoons he taught as many as 500 children sacred songs and hymn tunes, Master Arthur Daniel, his son, leading the singing with his cornet. He died on June 13, 1891, aged 65.

In an interesting chat with Mr. Arthur Daniel, at the South Park bowling green on Friday, I was shown mementoes of the past, including a volume of the bass solos of "The Messiah" bound in red Morocco leather, with the initials J.W.D. in gold letters on the cover. This book was used 75 years ago by his father at the performance mentioned above. Mr. Arthur Daniel, who sang Sullivan's "Tit-Willow," with magpie-call interpolations, and rechristened "The Magpie," for 50 years or more, also told some interesting anecdotes of his father's career and his own. Mr. Daniel, although unable now to give his inimitable imitation of a magpie, can nevertheless give a faithful performance of the English cuckoo call, which he did on Friday. This versatile gentleman played the cornet in the Philharmonic Orchestra in 1873 - he was then 16 years of age - and Mr. Stephen Parsons, who was a member of the audience, well remembers the incident. It was a performance of "The Messiah" given by the same society Carl Linger had conducted 14 years earlier at its first presentation in this State . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Musical works

Gently, mother, gently ("words by A. C. Judson, music by E. R. Daniel") ([Adelaide: ?, 1861])


DANIELL, Jonah A. (Mr. J. A. DANIELL; ? Jonah Abraham DANIELL)

Professor of music, piano maker, composer

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by March 1843
Last documented Bathurst, NSW, April 1855


Daniell advertised his arrival in Sydney in March 1843 as a "Professor of Music and Pianoforte-maker formerly of Broadwood's, London". An unclaimed letter to "Mr. Daniels, Professor of Music" was advertised in the Sydney Herald in May 1843 was probably for him.

His name appears as Jonah Daniell in notice of birth of a son, at his house in "Rushcutter Bay" in May 1846 (again given as his address on the titlepage of the quadrilles below).

At the Bachelors Ball at Windsor in June 1848: "The music was of a superior description and the performers, Messrs. Daniels and Wilson from Sydney, deserve the highest encomiums", again probably a reference to him (and the violinist Wilson).

He composed two published works, in 1848 the set La militaire quadrilles ("Selected from the airs of various nations Harmonized and arranged for the PIANO FORTE") (copy at SLNSW: Q786.4/Mu4) and The Great Britain polka ("Composed by Mr. J. A. DANIELL, and dedicated by special permission, to Captain Matthews and the Officers of the Great Britain, steam-ship") ([Sydney: Henry Marsh, 1852]) [NO COPY IDENTIFIED].


[Advertisement], The Australian (10 March 1843), 3

"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1843), 4

"BIRTHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1846), 3

On Saturday, the 9th instant, at her residence, Rushcutter Bay, the wife of Mr. Jonah Daniell, of a son.

"NEW MUSIC", Sydney Chronicle (29 February 1848), 3

"MUSICAL", The Australian (10 March 1848), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (10 March 1848), 1

"WINDSOR", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 June 1848), 3

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSIC. Just published", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1852), 3

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 December 1852), 2

. . . composed by Mr. J. A. Daniell, and arranged for the Orchestra by Mr. Gibbs"

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (28 April 1855), 3

D'ANNA, Giuseppe

Bandmaster (H.M.S. Endymion [The Flying Squadron]), composer

Born Naples, Italy, 1842
Visited Hobart, TAS, Melbourne, VIC, & Sydney, NSW, December 1869
Died Buffalo, NY, USA, 1918'Anna+d1918 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Summary (after

Served as bandsman in the English Royal Navy on the Hannibal in the Mediterranean, 1860; bandmaster of HMS Endymion (1865-1881) of the Royal Navy in Portsmouth; 26 November 1869 to 7 December 1869 he was in Melbourne Australia with the Endymion, one of the Flying Squadron that sailed around the world between June 1869 and November 1870.


[News], The Argus (7 December 1869), 5

[Advertisement], Evening News (17 December 1869), 3

[Advertisement], Evening News (22 December 1869), 3

Musical works:

Flying Squadron waltz (composed by Giuseppe d'Anna, bandmaster of H.M.S. Endymion) (Melbourne: C. Troedel, [1869])

Works by resident composers celebrating the visit:

Flying Squadron galop (by H. W. Loveday, Pianoforte Tuner, &c) (Sydney: n.p., [1869])

Flying Squadron galop (by W. H. Spiller) (Hobart: Walch and Sons., [1869]

Flying Squadron galop (by N. La Feuillade) (Melbourne: Troedel, [1869])

Other resources:

Amateur performance by the officers of the flying squadron . . . in aid of the funds of the School of Industry, this Friday evening, December 17, 1869 ([Sydney: s.n.,] 1869) 

Bibliography and resources:

Frederick W. Thornsby (ed.), Dictionary of organs and organists (1912), 338

Cindy McCreery, "Neighbourly relations: nineteenth-century Western navies' interactions in the Asia-Pacific region", in Robert Aldrich and Kirsten McKenzie (eds.), The Routledge history of Western empires (Routledge, 2013)

D'APICE, Charles (Carlo Francisco Luigi; Signor; Chevalier; Cavaliere; also Carlo SICA)

See main page:'apice-charles.php


Governor of NSW

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 17 December 1825 (NLA persistent identifier)


Amateur musician, musical patron


Letter, Eliza Darling (Sydney, NSW), to her brother Edward Dumaresq, 9 March 1826; Allport Library, Hobart (ed. in Fletcher, Ralph Darling: a governor maligned, 210)

We are very gay, Dinner Parties on Tuesday and Fridays - on the evening of Friday Music - and on Tuesdays a Ball - two Quadrilles of twelve - Henry has found a Blind Fiddler and two men who play the Pandean Pipes. These he calls his Vagabonds.

Letter Elizabeth Macarthur (NSW), to Eliza Kingdon, March 1827; ed. Macarthur (Onslow) 1914, 458

Our present Governor General Darling entertains strangers frequently. There are evening parties once a week at the Governor's House. Mrs. Darling is perfectly accomplished in music and exerts herself to please all. Our present greatest annoyance is from a licentious Press. We have four editors of newspapers, who every week publish so much trash and pour forth such torrents of abuse against every person and everything respectable.

DARWIN, Charles

See main page:


Vocalist (from the New York Opera-house, first appearance in Australia)

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1867


[Advertisement], The Argus (2 October 1867), 8

[News], The Argus (12 November 1867), 5

An action was tried yesterday, in the County Court, Worrell and Wife v. Coker, in which the plaintiff sought to recover nine guineas for three weeks' salary to the wife, introduced to the public as Madame Daston, For the plaintiffs it was proved that Madame Daston had sung for five nights at the Varieties, on account of her engagement with the defendant, and after that her name had been omitted from the bills; she had been paid three guineas as for one week's work and labour, and in full of all demands to date; but she was then summarily dismissed, although engaged for a month. For the defence several professionals were called, who stated that, although well received, as all the artistes were, on the opening night, Madame Daston was hissed off the stage each evening thereafter. One witness described her singing of "Dermot Asthore" as equal to half the length of Bourke-street; and another gave a more abbreviated but equally unhealthy opinion of her execution, that there was little music in it, and that what little there was was from the impulse of her own genius, the songs announced as by popular composers being sung in a style quite independent of the maestro's invention; this created a difficulty, as the instrumentalists were unable to accompany her satisfactorily. The judge gave a verdict for the defendant.

DASTON, Harriet (Miss Harriet DASTON)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1857

DASTON, Harriet (Madame)

Soprano vocalist

Active Maitland, NSW, 1861
? Died Maitland, 21 March 1874, aged 65


"BREACH OF THE MASTERS AND SERVANTS ACT", The Maitland Mercury (21 October 1856), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 February 1857), 1

. . . the managers have much pleasure in announcing to the public they have succeeded in closing an engagement with the celebrated Miss Harriet Daston, (late of the Royal Academy, London) . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 March 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (2 November 1861), 1

. . . the celebrated Soprano, Madame H. Daston, and some of the West Maitland Amateur Serenaders, have kindly offered their services.

"INSULTING LANGUAGE", The Maitland Mercury (25 December 1866), 3

"OBSCENE LANGUAGE", The Maitland Mercury (9 September 1869), 4

On Monday, at the West Maitland police court, Harriet Daston was brought before the bench charged with making use of obscene language in George street, Horse-shoe Bend, on the 29th August ultimo. The expressions sworn to were of very disgusting character; the witnesses being residents in the street, who complained of being constantly annoyed by language similar in effect. On this particular day, prisoner was in liquor, but knew what she doing. She was convicted, and fined 60s. and 7s. 8d. costs; in default of payment, one month's imprisonment.

"MALICIOUS DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY", The Maitland Mercury (8 November 1870), 2;

"DRUNKENNESS", The Maitland Mercury (27 February 1872), 3

"DEATH OF DISEASE OF THE HEART", The Maitland Mercury (24 March 1874), 3

? "Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 November 1880), 14

DAVIDSON, Alexander

Bassoon player, bandsman (Band of the 99th Regiment)

Regiment active Australia, 1843-56


"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1


Band of the 99th Regiment


Teacher of the Piano-forte

Active Parramatta and Sydney, NSW, from 1829


In September 1829, Mrs. Davies begged "to inform the Ladies of Paramatta and its Vicinity, that she will give Lessons upon the PIANOFORTE, DRAWING, and the FRENCH LANGUAGE. O'Connell-street, Parramatta". In Sydney in the 1830s, she hired W. J. Cavendish, George Sippe, and Miss Bates to teach dancing and music.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 September 1829), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 August 1833), 3

DAVIES, Charles Alfred (Mr. C. A. DAVIES)

Musician, vocalist, organist, pianist, music teacher

Born Oswestry, Shropshire, England, 15 January 1864
Arrived Adelaide, SA, November 1882 (passenger per Peshawur, from England)
Died Gawler, SA, 28 February/1 March 1889, aged 25 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DAVIES, Edward Harold (E. Harold DAVIES)

Musician, organist, composer, educator, university professor, Indigenous culture reporter and song collector

Born Oswestry, Shropshire, England, 18 July 1867
Arrived Adelaide, SA, January 1887
Married Ina Jane DELAND, 1893
Died Adelaide, SA, 1 July 1947 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary (colonial years; edited from University of Adelaide)

Davies studied music under Joseph Bridge at Chester Cathedral while apprenticed to an architect. Following his brother Charles to South Australia in January 1887 he immediately became organist and choirmaster at Christ Church, Kapunda, and conducted musical societies there and in Gawler. He went back to England in 1890 to qualify as an Associate of the Royal College of Organists, and on his return was appointed organist to St. Peter's Glenelg, then to St. Paul's, Adelaide. From 1897 until 1919 he was organist and choirmaster at Kent Town Methodist Church. During these early years he undertook formal study at the University of Adelaide, graduating Mus. Bac. in 1896 and D. Mus in 1902, the first music doctorate to be conferred by an Australian university. At the same time he taught piano, organ, singing and composition privately and, later, class singing at Methodist Ladies College, before his appointment as Professor of Music at the University in succession to J. M. Ennis in 1919.


[Advertisement], Kapunda Herald (16 February 1883), 2 

PIANOFOETE TUNING. C. A. DAVIES (Organist of Congregational Church, Kapunda) is prepared to undertake the TUNING of PIANOFORTES in Kapunda and the surrounding district on moderate terms. Yearly arrangements entered into if desired.

[News], Kapunda Herald (1 February 1887), 2 

Mr. E. Harold Davies, brother of Mr. C. A. Davies, the well-known musician, arrived from England recently, and has been appointed organist at Christ Church. Mr. E. H. Davies brings with him an excellent reputation as an instrumentalist, having studied for some years under Dr. J. C. Bridge, of Chester Cathedral. It is Mr. Davies' intention of residing in Kapunda, having entered on his duties as organist at Christ Church on Sunday last, and he announces in our business columns that he is prepared to take pupils for instruction on the organ, American organ, and pianoforte.

[Advertisement], Kapunda Herald (4 February 1887), 2 

E. HAROLD DAVIES (Organist of Christ Church, Kapunda, and Pupil of Dr. J. C. Bridge, of Chester Cathedral), Having recently arrived from England, is prepared to take Pupils for Instruction on the ORGAN, AMERICAN ORGAN, and PIANOFORTE on Moderate Terms. Address, POST-OFFICE, Kapunda.

"HARVEST FESTIVAL", Kapunda Herald (15 February 1887), 3 

. . . The new organist (Mr. E. Harold Davies) is to be congratulated on the way he conducted the choral portion of the service.


. . . The organist, Mr. E. Harold Davies, issued a very attractive programme, made up of sacred selections, vocal and instrumental, from the works of composers whose genius has immortalised them . . . The choir was a mixed one, the Christ Church choir being assisted by several well-known local vocalists. Mr. Davies, of course, presided at the organ, and opened the programme with the overture to "Samson" . . . Mr. Davies played Organ Sonata No. 2, one of the six sonatas, comprising the only organ works of Mendelssohn . . .

"MR. DAVIES", Bunyip (22 April 1887), 2 

It may be of interest to some of our readers to learn that Mr. Harold Davies (a brother of Mr. C. A. Davies, who is well-known to the musical residents of Gawler), was in Adelaide on Wednesday last, and after playing upon the Town Hall Organ before Professor Ives, was admitted in the rota of City organists.

"GAWLER CHORAL UNION", South Australian Register (1 December 1887), 7 

"DEATH OF MR. CHARLES A. DAVIES", Bunyip (1 March 1889), 2 

It is our sad duty to announce the death of Mr. C. A. Davies, the talented young organist of the Congregational Church. The illness to which Mr. Davies has succumbed has been of some standing and continued growth so that his death does not come with the surprise it otherwise might. Mr. Davies at the time of his death was just 25 years of age. He had been about six years in the colony, three of which he was organist at Kapunda, and also correspondent of the Register. The last three years he has been in Gawler, where by his skill and kindly manner he secured a large number of friends. About twelve months ago he paid a visit to his relatives in the old country, but returned no better in health. The funeral procession leaves Hylands to-morrow, and a short service will be held in the Congregational Church, the Rev. Walter Jones officiating. Mr. Davies comes of a highly respectable family, and has a younger brother in the colony who is organist at the English Church at the Port. Mr. Davies died at a quarter past four this morning.

"Obituary. DEATH OF MR. CHARLES A. DAVIES", Evening Journal (2 March 1889), 4 

We regret to record the death of Mr. Charles A. Davies, which took place at Gawler yesterday. The deceased gentleman, who was only twenty-five years of age at the time of his death, came to the colony for the benefit of his health, and arrived in the Peshawur in November, 1882. Soon after he settled in Kapunda, when he became organist of Christ Church, an appointment he filled with singular ability and success. He was also prominently connected with the Philharmonic Society of that town, and for a time acted as Kapunda correspondent for the Register. In 1885 he accepted an invitation to become organist of the Gawler Congregational Church, and has since resided in that town, with the exception of a few months' absence on a visit to England. His musical abilities were of a high order, and but for the feeble state of his health would probably have achieved great distinction in his profession. He was unusually gifted as a teacher, and both at Kapunda and Gawler did all be could to advance the interest of music. His estimable social qualities won for, him a large circle of friends, who now deplore the premature close of a bright and promising career. Mr. E. Harold Davies, of Glenelg, is a brother of the deceased gentleman.

Bibliography and resources:

Catherine J. Ellis, "Davies, Edward Harold (1867-1947)", Australian dictionary of biography 8 (1981) 

Professor Edward Harold Davies (1867-1947) Papers 1887-1947; University of Adelaide 


Composer, pianist

Active Sydney (Pyrmont, Balmain), NSW, 1861-62


The otherwise unidentified "Miss Davis" published two songs, both of which are now lost. The first, Tapping at the window, peeping o'er the blind, with "music by Miss Davis, Pyrmont" setting the popular verses "Village Courtship" by the British poet Charles Swain, was published by James Fussell late in 1861.

Presumably the same Miss Davis (though since having moved across the harbour to Balmain) also composed the "original Ballad The dying child", which was given for the first time by Sara Flower in George Peck's Grand Concert on 17 December 1862 and again for Agostino Robbio two nights later. Miss Davis's The dying girl, presumably the same number, was published (as "sung by Madame Sara Flower at Signor Robbio's Concert, published THIS DAY") in advance of the event by Lewis Moss, on 13 December.


"VILLAGE COURTSHIP", in Charles Swain, Letters of Laura D'Ouverne (London: Longman, 1853), 62

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 November 1861), 1

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (7 December 1861), 4

We have much pleasure in noticing a new song by Miss Davies, entitled "Tapping at the Window." It is a very simple and pleasing composition, and we can confidently recommend it to those young ladies who take a delight in exercising their vocal powers. The song is written in the Polacca style, a novelty in its kind, and its compsss ranges from D to E, the air commencing with a sweet symphony, being suitable for either a soprano or contralto voice. The words are by the late Charles Swain, Manchester, but in the present publication they have been incorrectly copied from the original. The melody is very cleverly and feelingly adapted to the lively idea of the poet, whose premature death at a comparatively early age, was greatly deplored in the world of literature. We believe the authoress, Miss Davies, is a native of the colony, having been a favourite pianist pupil of Boulanger, which, in our desire to aid Australian ability, is an additional incentive to our bringing this lady's composition under notice.

[Advertisement], Empire (13 December 1862), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1863), 8

"SIGNOR ROBBIO'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1862), 13

DAVIS, Charles Henry

Catholic bishop, musician, composer

Born Usk, Monmouthshire, England, 18 May 1815
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 December 1848
Died NSW, 17 May 1854 (NLA persistent identifier)


According to Curtis, soon after his arrival late in 1848, and presumably before he fell seriously ill in mid-1849, Davis, who was an ex-Downside Benedictine monk sent to be Polding's bishop coadjutor (as first Bishop of Maitland), instituted "a reform" in St. Mary's Cathedral Choir:

He began by selecting some simple Masses of his own composition . . . Bishop Davis was much pleased with the progress of his choir, and when he heard them sing for the first time his masterly arrangement of "Christus factus est pro nobis obediens usque ad mortem" in the Tenebrae service . . .

According to the Herald's report of his funeral:

On Friday the solemn requiem mass was celebrated, the choir singing the Gregorian "missa de Requiem" harmonised by the late Bishop, who to his many accomplishments added that of being a musician of a very high order of talent.

At Downside, Davis composed prolifically for the college band.


"FUNERAL OF BISHOP DAVIS", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 May 1854), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Article by J. H. B. Curtis, in Austral Light (February 1902), reproduced in Henry Norbert Birt, Benedictine pioneers in Australia, Volume 2 (London: Herbert & Daniel, 1911), 208-210 (also O'Farrell, Documents, 112-113) 

R. A. Daly, "Davis, Charles Henry (1815-1854)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

J. Brian Butler, "'Dear little Charlie': a memoir of Charles Henry Davis: 1815-1854: monk of Downside and first bishop of Maitland ", Tjurunga: Australian Benedictine Review 73 (November 2007)

DAVIS, Mrs. E.

Teacher of Music and Dancing, school mistress (Norfolk House)

Active Parramatta, NSW, 1840-47


"PARRAMATTA. NORFOLK HOUSE ESTABLISHMENT", Morning Chronicle (20 December 1843), 2

On Thursday last, at noon, the usual yearly "Examination" of the young ladies at Mrs. Davis's establishment, Norfolk House, took place in the presence of a numerous assembly of the relatives and friends of the pupils, prior to the Christmas vacation. His Grace the Most Reverend Dr. Polding, Archbishop of Sydney, the Rev. Dr. Gregory, the Reverends N. Coffee (Parramatta), Johns Fitz-patrick, and several other Clergymen, Mrs. O'Brien, Superioress of the Convent, the Sisters of Charity, and many ladies both from Sydney, and resident in Parramatta, were present during the "Examination." Specimens of the progress made by the young ladies in the various departments of Music, Drawing, Dancing, French, General History, Geography, Arithmetic . . . Several of the newest, and some very difficult overtures, rondos and duetts, were very tastefully and brilliantly executed on the Piano, and both the vocal and instrumental performances were in the highest degree creditable, as well to the fair pupils as their talented instructor. The style of dancing was greatly admired for its peculiar ease, and graceful modesty, unassuming and unstudied.

[Advertisement], Sydney Chronicle (4 September 1847), 3

DAVIS, Henry


Active Melbourne, VIC, 1862


"STEALING FROM A DWELLING", The Argus (14 April 1862), 6

DAVIS, Isaac

Professor of the violin

Born ? England, c.1836
Arrived Goulburn and Sydney, NSW, by 1856
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 July 1918, aged 83 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Davis was first documented playing at a concert in Goulburn in May 1856, with the soprano Caroline Joel (formetly Miss Davis), who may have been an aunt or cousin. In May 1857, Davis "the inimitable violinist, from the Prince of Wales Theatre" appeared in concert with the Buckingham Family and the basso Lamoureux, and was available as violinist for "Quadrille Playing" with Edwin Cobley (harp) and Abraham Emanuel (pianoforte).


"GRAND CONCERT IN AID OF THE GOULBURN HOSPITAL", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (31 May 1856), 4 

A Grand Concert of vocal and instrumental music, for the benefit of the Goulburn Hospital, was given last Thursday evening, in the grand concert room of the Commercial Hotel, Sloane-street, Goulburn . . . The performances were conducted by five amateurs, viz: - Mrs. Jewell, a songstress of very superior talent, from London; Mr. Isaac Davis, a young violinist, recently arrived in the colony from London, and who, although apparently not above eighteen years of age, displayed a mastership over his beautifully-toned instrument which elicited loud encomiums from the audience. In fact, he was encored upon every occasion.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 October 1856), 1

MR. ISAAC DAVIS, Professor of the Violin, and who has lately arrived from England, has vacancies for a few pupils. Terms, &c, apply to Mr. J. DAVIS, Mr. Samuel Davis, Sydney, York-street, near the Synagogue.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 May 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1857), 10

"FRIGHTFUL BALLOON ACCIDENT", Bell's Life in Sydney (24 December 1858), 4

"ACCIDENT AT WATSON'S BAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 October 1860), 5

Mrs. Joel, sister of Mr. Samuel Davis, of the Exhibition Hotel, had a very narrow escape on Sunday afternoon last, whilst proceeding to Watson's Bay in a dogcart, in company with Miss Clelia Howson and Mr. Isaac Davis . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (23 January 1861), 1

"OPENING OF THE LYCEUM THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1861), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 January 1862), 1

"Local", Kilmore Free Press and Counties of Bourke and Dalhousie Advertiser [Kilmore, VIC] (5 September 1867), 2 

By reference to our advertising columns it will be seen that Mr. Isaac Davis, professor of music and dancing, is endeavouring to form a volunteer band in Kilmore, and we have no doubt but that his efforts will meet with the hearty co-operation of the townspeople. Mr. Davis has previously organised a band at Albury, whose proficiency under his tuition is testified to by the local press in the following manner: -

"Here we must convey a well merited compliment to the bandmaster, Mr. Isaac Davis, who in a few short months, laboring gratuitously, has rendered Albury independent of foreign music. The majority of the Volunteer band knew nothing of the harmonic art when Mr. Davis first offered to form them into an orchestra, but their proficiency last Wednesday would contrast favorably with the performance of many professional bands."

"COUNTY COURT", Bendigo Advertiser (20 September 1872), 2 

Davies v. Kitchen. - Claim for £49 damages for breach of contract. £14 was paid into court by defendant, for wages admitted to be due. Mr. McDermott, instructed by Mr. MdCormick, for the plaintiff, and Mr. Martley, instructed by Mr. Brown, for the defendant. Isaac Henry Davies deposed that he was a violinist by profession, and that on 10th October last defendant entered into a contract with him to play at the Prince of Wales Iheatre for twelve months, at £2 per week. The engagement was broken off by Kitchen, who dismissed him; he was abused by Kitchen, and assaulted by Fisher, his manager. He never refused to play; he was always ready and willing to do his duty. Cross-examined: On the night of the 6th July he was requested to play a solo, and he refused to do so because this was not a part of his duty; he was not engaged to play solos; he told Mr. Fisher if he could show that he signed an agreement to play solos he would do it, not otherwise. Mr. Martley produced the contract, in the possession of defendant - signed by plaintiff, which showed that he had agreed to play solos. Plaintiff said there was no mention of solos in the agreement which he held, and he thought the two were identical. When he signed the document he heard nothing about solos, although he read it. He was certainly not aware of the discrepancies at the time he signed the instrument. At the time of the engagement there was nothing said about solos. The documents were prepared by Fisher. Mr. McDermott pointed out that the document held by defendant wasn't a counterpart of the other; there was evidently a mistake, and a mistake vitiated a contract. His Honor remarked that the plaintiff read over the document before he signed; and independent of that, was not a violinist bound to play solos if required. Mr. Martley said that the plaintiff was the solo violinist in the theatre, and therefore he was naturally expected and bound to play solos. His Honor gave a verdict for the amount, - paid into court - £14, with costs, £2 13s 6d. Mr. Martley said if the defendant had paid costs into court with with £14 he would have had a verdict, and the omission, he wished to say, was not the fault of the attorney, Mr. Brown.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1918), 6 

DAVIS - July 29 1918. Isaac H. Davis, late leader of orchestra, Drury Lane Theatre, London, and Victoria and Prince of Wales Theatres, Sydney, passed to the higher life, aged 83 years. Interred privately at Waverley.


DAVIS, Jane (PRICE; Mrs. F. MESSITER; Mrs. John DAVIS, later DAVIES; "Desda")

Songwriter, poet, author

Married John DAVIS, St. Michael's, Surry Hills, NSW, 25 March 1861
Died North Sydney, NSW, 25 March 1890, aged 53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mrs. F. Messiter of Balmain, "Desda", was both author of the words and dedicatee of Spagnoletti's song Your Willie has returned dear. Frederick Messiter died in February 1860, and in 1861 Jane married the draper John Davis, who in the meantime had published her second song Cooey, also with music by Spagnoletti senior.


[News], Empire (18 October 1859), 4

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 December 1859), 3

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT TO MISS SPAGNOLETTI", The Maitland Mercury (11 March 1865), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 July 1860), 8

"NEW MUSIC", The Australian Home Companion (11 August 1860), 23

"ART, SCIENCE, AND LITERATURE", Empire (21 August 1860), 2

"MUSICAL", Empire (22 August 1860), 5

Since the last summary we have two, new and pleasing songs, Cooey, written by Desda, composed by Spagnoletti, R.A. . . .

"AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 August 1860), 5

"THE RELIEF OF THE DISTRESSED", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1867), 5

"NEW PUBLICATIONS, ETC.", Illustrated Sydney News (23 December 1871), 14

Musical publications:

Your Willie has returned dear (answer to Willie we have missed you [Stephen Foster]; dedicated to Mrs. F. Messiter; words by DESDA, composed by Spagnoletti, R.A.) (Sydney: H. Marsh and Co., [1859])

Cooey! An Australian song (words by an Australian Lady; music by Spagnoletti, R.A.; as sung by Nina Spagnoletti; Respectfully dedicated to Madame Sara Flower) (Sydney: John Davis, [1860]) [earliest notice of song, December 1859]

Bibliography and resources:

Angus Trumble, "Desda", The Trumble diaries (website), posted 30 January 2011

Angus Trumble, "Cooey! An Australian song", National Portrait Gallery (website), posted 1 May 2015 

DAVIS, Sophia Letitia (Mrs. J. W. DAVIS; Miss JONES)

Soprano vocalist, teacher of singing, piano, guitar, musicseller

DAVIS, James Wentworth

Stationer, musicseller

Go to main page: 

DAVIS, Thomas Holme

Vocalist, wine merchant

Born London, England, 1 November 1827; baptised St. Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey, 14 December 1827, son of George DAVIS and Eliza HOLME
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1856
From c. 1865-66 (common law) husband of Octavia HAMILTON
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 1874 (for London)
Died Aston Warwickshire, England; buried St. Barnabas, Erdington, 19 December 1916 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Musician, music teacher

Born England, 1851
Arrived Australia, 1851
Died Prospect, SA, 19 April 1929


"OBITUARY", The Advertiser (9 May 1929), 15 

Mrs. Louisa Jane Davy, who died at Prospect, was 78 years of age. She had been a colonist for that number of years, arriving as an infant. Before her marriage to Mr. William Charles Davy she was Miss Litchfield. She was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. P. B. Litchfield, who landed in Australia from England with their family in 1851. Dr. John Litchfield, an uncle, was the first medical man at the Adelaide Hospital, and Captain Charles Litchfield, another uncle, was at one time Commissioner of Police in Adelaide. The Hon. Thomas Reynolds, who married Mrs. Davy's aunt, was on two occasions Premier of South Australia. He, with his wife and her sister, were drowned in the wreck of the Gothenburg. The latter lady was a distinguished musical composer, and her compositions were lost in the disaster. Mrs. Davy possessed great musical ability, inherited from her father. She led an active musical life up to her death. Being gifted with a fine soprano voice, she led a church choir at the age of 10, and was actively associated with church work as organist and choir leader for over 20 years. Of recent years she acted as assistant teacher of pianoforte and theory to her only daughter, Dr. Ruby Davy, up to within six weeks of her death. She possessed a kindly nature and was loved by her friends.

Bibliography and resources:

"Davy, Louisa Jane (1851-1929)", Obituaries Australia

"Davy, Ruby Claudia (1883-1949)", Obituaries Australia 

DAWBIN, Annie Maria (Annie BAXTER)

Diarist, pioneer, artist, amateur musician

Born Exeter, England, 24 November 1816
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), early 1835
Died Yan Yean, VIC, 22 November 1905 (NLA persistent identifier)



Dawbin 1873

Frost 1992

Frost 1998

Tim Dolin, "Victorian Domestic Fiction and the Settler Reader: Annie Baxter Dawbin, 1834-1868", posted 8 June 2008

Tim Dolin (2008), on the journals: ". . . few works record so diligently, and with so much fidelity, the unremarkable duties and pleasures of everyday colonial life. They tell us what it was like to keep house in a slab hut, to be stranded for days by flooded creeks, to bathe in a bogy-hole on a hot day, to fall off a horse or kill a snake in a dark store room; the pleasure of receiving cuttings of roses and geraniums, and of keeping poultry. We are present at soirées musicales, quadrille parties, balls, hunts and rides, picnics, race meetings, the theatre. We follow the endless rounds of visits . . . which ward off the loneliness of station life and bring a constant traffic of letters, legal papers, newspapers, and books . . . and experience the tedium of staying home all day and all night with needlework and mending. There is sheet music to copy, and games making up verses to given words; there are flirtations, secret loves, courtships, weddings, pregnancies, miscarriages; rumours and innuendoes abound, blackmail, scandal, rows and disputes.

DAWES, William

Marines officer, Indigenous language and culture reporter, song recorder

Born UK, 1762
Arrived Botany Bay, NSW, 20-21 January 1788 (on Sirius, from England 12 May 1787)
Departed Sydney, NSW, December 1791
Died Antigua, 1836 (NLA persistent identifier)

See "A Song of New South Wales" at:

DAWES, William

Clarionet / clarinet player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1820


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 June 1820), 2

FIVE GUINEAS REWARD. - Whereas a House in Princes-street, opposite the Avenue leading to the Military Hospital, was on Friday the 26th Instant broke into, and the following Articles stolen out of a Box; viz - 4 linen shirts, 3 silk handkerchiefs, 2 pair of unbleached cotton stockings, and a clarionet contained in a black leather bag, marked W D on the inside. The clarionet had eight keys, bone ferule broke short on the second joint; maker's name Cramer, London; the mouth-piece marked Key's, London; and also 2 bound books of music for the clarionet, with William Dawes on the inside cover of each. The above Reward will be given for the Detection of the Offender or Offenders; but as the Clarionet may have been purchased innocently, Two Guineas will be given to the Person restoring it to Mr. Hodges, Bunch of Grapes, Pitt-street.

DAWS, Robert (Mr. DAWS; Mr. DAWES [sic])

Organist, piano tuner and repairer (Late of London), organ builder

Born c. 1825
Arrived Adelaide, SA, July 1853 (per William Stewart)
Died Adelaide, SA, 29 May 1909, in his 85th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged)


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (20 July 1853), 2 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (24 February 1854), 1

ORGANS, PIANOFORTES, HARMONIUMS, &c. ROBERT DAWS, late of London, continues Tuning and Repairing the above, and all kinds of Musical Instruments. Grenfell-street east.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (10 August 1855), 1

"ORGANIST AT PIRIE-STREET CHAPEL", South Australian Register (5 November 1855), 3 

Tenders for the appointment of organist at the Pirie-street Chapel, have, we understand, been sant in by Messrs. Linger, Allen, and Dawes. The choice is at present in abeyance. The new organ, recently imported from England, is in course of erection by Mr. Shakespeare.

"FATAL ACCIDENT NEAR COX'S CREEK", South Australian Register (2 March 1857), 2 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (8 May 1857), 1 

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (9 May 1857), 2 

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", Adelaide Times (9 May 1857), 2 

"MARRIED", The South Australian Advertiser (4 August 1858), 2

On the 4th instant, by the Rev. W. Ingram, at the Wesleyan Chapel, Pirie-street, Mr. Robert Daws, organist of the above place of worship, to Mary Ann, daughter of O. W. Willcock, Esq,. of the Goolwa.

"DEATHS", The Register (31 May 1909), 6

DAWS. - On the 29th May, at his residence, Rundle-street east, Robert, the beloved husband of M. Daws, in his 85th year, leaving 4 sons and 4 daughters. Arrived in ship William Stewart, 1853.

"PERSONAL", The Advertiser (31 May 1909), 8 

Mr. Robert Daws, who died on Saturday at his residence, Rundle-street east, arrived by the ship William Stewart in 1853. He was a builder, but subsequently engaged in organ building and tuning and pianoforte tuning. He assisted in building the first organ in the Town Hall, and built the first organ in the Hindmarsh-square Congregational Church, as well as one for the late Dr. Curtis. Upon arrival in the State Mr. Daws joined the Congregational Church in Ebenezer-place. When subsequently the meeting-place was transferred to Hindmarsh-square he continued a member, and remained so till the day of his death. For some time in the earlier days he was organist of the Pirie-street Methodist Church. Mr. Daws retired from active life a few years ago. He left a widow, four sons (Robert, Alfred, and Arthur, of Adelaide, and Percy, of Broken Hill), four daughters (Mrs. J. G. Olding and Mrs. C. R. Hodge, of Adelaide, and Mrs. James Buik and Mrs. E. J. Shaw, of Sydney). There are 32 grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Mr. Daws, was in his 85th year.

DAWSON, Charles James (Mr. C. J. DAWSON)

Amateur composer

Born ? UK, 1827
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1852
Died Melbourne, VIC, 17 March 1870, aged 43 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Two compositions are attributed to the Victorian Supreme Court barrister, Charles James Dawson. Originally called to the bar at the Inner Temple, London, in 1848, Dawson was first admitted to the NSW Supreme Court in Sydney by another amateur composer, F. W. Meymott, in December 1852. Having moved to Melbourne by mid-1854, his song The rose upon the balcony was published in Melbourne by Joseph Wilkie later that year, and exhibited in the Victorian Exhibition, where it was described as having "a slightly constructed melody arranged to the well-known lines in Vanity Fair . . ., the composition of Mr. C. J. Dawson, a barrister of the Supreme Court of this province". No copy has been identified.

Dawson's other composition, published by Wilkie in 1862 is Le bon voyage waltz ("composed, and dedicated to Sir Redman Barry, by C.J. Dawson") and arranged for piano by Stephen Marsh. It had been first performed, and perhaps specially composer, for a benefit by Lyster's Opera Company in March that year for the visiting cricketers, the "ALL-ENGLAND ELEVEN Previous to their Departure for Europe", at which it was advertised: "After the Opera the Band will perform LE BON VOYAGE VALSE, Composed by C. J. Dawson, Esq, and The ALL ENGLAND ELEVEN POLKA, Composed by S. H. Marsh, Esq." The conductor was Anthony Reiff junior.


"NEW BARRISTER", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1852), 2

"THE GALLERIES", The Argus (18 October 1854), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1855), 8

[News of the day], The Argus (27 January 1862), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (18 March 1870), 4

[News], The Argus (19 March 1870), 5

The late Mr. C. J. Dawson, whose death we announced yesterday, was one of the most distinguished members of the Victorian bar. He was educated, we believe, at the Charterhouse, and subsequently went to Queen's College, Oxford. He also entered at the Inner Temple, and was called to the bar by that society on the 6th May, 1848, and went [on] the Oxford circuit, where he acquired some practice. Attracted, however, by the discovery of gold in these colonies, he came out to Sydney and subsequently arrived in Victoria, where he engaged in digging for a short time. He soon abandoned this, and resumed his practice at the bar, having been admitted to the Victorian bar in the early part of 1853 . . . He was very fond of musical composition, and he once published a galop, which he dedicated to Sir Redmond Barry. He had also engaged in literary pursuits, and was at one time a frequent contributor to the English Law Magazine. His loss at the bar will not be easily supplied.

DAWSON, Robert

Amateur flautist, songmaker, composer

Born Great Bentley, Essex, England, 1782
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 23 November 1825 (on the York, from Cowes, England, 24 June)
Departed Sydney, NSW, late 1828
Died England, 1866 (NLA persistent identifier)


Robert Dawson spent four years in New South Wales in the 1820s as chief agent for the Australian Agricultural Company during which time he travelled widely. On his return to England, he published The present state of Australia; a description of the country, its advantages and prospects with reference to emigration: and a particular account of its Aboriginal inhabitants (London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1830). The book includes one musical item, which he called Song of the Natives: We all sit down together "composed" and perhaps notated by Dawson, as he explained (133-34):

[The wild natives] generally have an excellent ear for [music], and those who usually attended me were in the habit of accompanying my flute in chorus, which they did in excellent tune and time. I was in the habit, and especially when I wished to keep them cheerful, of singing and playing the following simple strain to them, with any words the occasion might call for . . .."

It is thus a rare example of a musical work "composed" by a European specifically to appeal to Indigenous Australians.


"OLD BOOMERANG. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 January 1917), 9

Bibliography and resources:

Dawson 1830

E. Flowers, "Dawson, Robert (1782-1866)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

DAWSON, Sarah (Mrs. Frederick DAWSON)

Soprano vocalist (pupil of the Celebrated vocalist HARBISON, of the Royal Academy of Music), teacher of singing and pianoforte

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 20 February 1852 (per Maitland, from the Downs, 9 November 1851)
Departed Hobart, TAS, 15 July 1858 (for England) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1852), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1852), 1

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 March 1852), 4

. . . The novelty of the evening was Mrs. Dawson, who has recently arrived here, and of whom our London friends had spoken in very favourable terms. Her voice is a soprano, and has evidently been cultivated in a good school. She displayed much taste and feeling in the graceful compositions of Charles Glover and Linley, which she selected for her debut, and fully realised the expectations which had been entertained of her success.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1852), 1

? [Advertisement], The Argus (15 February 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (2 April 1853), 3

"CONCERT", The Courier (8 April 1853), 2

. . . Mrs. Dawson, whose voice we have been informed was a pure soprano of extraordinary compass, sweet in quality, and evidencing a high degree of cultivation, as well as natural flexibility, made her debut before a Tasmanian audience . . .

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (23 April 1853), 1

"MRS. DAWSON'S GRAND CONCERT", The Courier (28 October 1853), 2

"MRS. DAWSON", The Hobarton Mercury (8 July 1854), 2

"M. HERWYN'S GRAND CONCERT", The Courier (6 October 1854), 2

"MRS. DAWSON'S CONCERT", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (13 July 1858), 3 

This evening, Mrs. Dawson gives a farewell Concert in the Ball Room of the Old Government House, previous to her departure for England, on Thursday. Mr. Farquharson has very kindly consented to afford his vualuable assistance on the occasion. This lady, as our readers are aware, is the wife of Mr. Dawson who has recently quitted the colony, it having been discovered that he was a defaulter in the office of the Tasmanian Steam Navigation Company. This concert has been suggested by several of Mrs. Dawson's friends, as a means of aiding her in accomplishing her voyage to England with her young family . . .

"SYDNEY . . . SUICIDE", The Tasmanian Telegraph (31 July 1858), 5 

Frederick Dawson, late of the Steam Navigation Company's office, Hobart Town, committed suicide by cutting his throat from ear to ear on the 18th inst. at Mrs. Brady's boarding house, Devonshire Place, upper William street, Woolloomooloo, Sydney. Pecuniary embarrassment, increased by the difficulty experienced in obtaining occupation in Sydney is supposed to have caused the rash act.

DEAKIN, James Edward

Music publisher, music and musical instrument seller

Born Birmingham, England, 1818
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by July 1845
Departed Hobart, TAS, early 1856
Died Pershore, England, April 1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Deakin was briefly Town Surveyor at Hobart in 1852-53. In partnership with John Alfred Huxtable from March 1854, as Huxtable & Deakin, in 1854/55, he published the two major series of colonial compositions, The Delacourt bouquet, and The Tasmanian lyre, both edited by Henry Butler Stoney, as well as compositions by Francis Hartwell Henslowe.

Deakin returned permanently to England, due to ill-health, early in 1856; in 1862 it was reported in Hobart that his wife died had at Hereford.


"MARRIED", Launceston Examiner (2 July 1845), 4

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (18 March 1854), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (20 February 1856), 1 

DE ALBA, Tomaso (Signor DE ALBA)

Bass vocalist, professor of singing and voice production

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 27 November 1886 (per Lusitania)
Died Sydney, NSW, 28 June 1932


"THE SIMONSEN ITALIAN OPERA COMPANY", The Argus (29 November 1886), 8

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (26 February 1887), 3

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 May 1887), 11

"SERIOUS LIFT ACCIDENT", The Advertiser (30 May 1893), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1932), 10

"DEATH OF SIGNOR DE ALBA", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1932), 16

An operatic basso, who made a great reputation in his day, and was for many years a teacher of singing in Sydney, Signor Tomasso de Alba, died early yesterday morning at the St. Lawrence Hospital, Chatswood, after a long illness. Signor de Alba came to Sydney about 45 years ago as one of the principals of an Italian opera company, organised by Martin Simonsen, and won great success as Mephistopheles and in other roles.

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1990, 41, 42, 43, 45, 47, 49, 336

DEAMONT, William

Blind violinist

Died near Tamworth, NSW, 1863


"DEATH FROM SUNSTROKE", Empire (9 December 1863), 8

The young man's name whose death was . . . recorded was William Deamont, a native of the colony . . . He was blind, but his excellent playing on the violin obtained a living not only for himself and a younger brother, but also for his aged mother. He was "one of nature's noblemen", we are informed, and those who know him remember with great regret his untimely fate. - Tamworth Examiner, December 5.


Family of John Philip Deane

See main entry

DEANE, John Philip (1796-1849)

DEANE, Rosalie (SMITH) (1799-1873)


DEANE, Alfred (1834-1849)

DEANE, Charles Muzio (1832-1915)

DEANE, Edward Smith (1824-1879)

DEANE, Henry (1836-1922)

DEANE, Isabella (1830-1876)

DEANE, John (1820-1893)

DEANE, Rosalie (1821-1888)

DEANE, Thomas (1828-1828)

DEANE, William (1826-1910)

DEAS THOMSON, Anna Maria (Lady Deas THOMSON)

See Anna Maria Deas THOMSON

DEBNEY, Ellen (Ellen Elizabeth TURNER; Mrs. G. R. DEBNEY)



Professor of music, pianist, teacher, composer

Born VIC, 1858
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1888
Died Sydney, NSW, 1946 (NLA persistent identifier)


Summary (to 1900):

Though born and raised in Victoria, George de Cairos-Rego settled in Sydney in his youth, and became one of the city's best-known professional musicians in the last decades of the nineteenth century. Also a journalist, he was music critic of the Sydney Daily Telegraph, and also briefly editor of The Australasian Art Review (1899-1900).


[Advertisement], The Argus (13 May 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1888), 3

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 August 1890), 3

"DEATH OF MR. G. DE CAIROS-REGO", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1946), 5


Rex De Cairos-Rego (son)

Iris De Cairos-Rego (daughter)

Bibliography and resources:

Graeme Skinner, "De Cairos-Rego, George", Dictionary of Sydney (2011)

Graeme Skinner, "De Cairos-Rego, Iris", Dictionary of Sydney (2011)

Musical works (to 1900):

Dreaming (romance for the pianoforte by Geo. de Cairos Rego) (1890)

Impromptu in F (for the pianoforte by G. de Cairos Rego) (1892)

Old folks at home (fantasia ; G. de Cairos-Rego) (1896)

Melba waltz (Melba Valse, G. de Cairos Rego) (1898)

DE CHANEET, George August Christian Savin (Herr DE CHANEET; CHANÉET)

Professor of music, pianist, teacher, composer

Born Hamburg, Germany, probably in 1861 (? 1855)
Arrived Melbourne, 22 April 1884 (naturalised 1899)
Died Melbourne, 2 May 1926 (NLA persistent identifier)

DE CHANEET, Martha Matilda (Miss ORAMS; Madame DE CHANEET)

Pianist, organist, teacher of music

Born ? VIC, c.1860s (daughter of Josiah ORAMS)
Died Sourabaya, Java, 17 October 1930


"News in brief", Footscray Independent (7 June 1884), 2

"HERR DE CHANEET'S PUPIL CONCERT", North Melbourne Advertiser (9 October 1885), 2

"Deaths", The Argus (14 September 1887), 1

"Marriages", The Argus (6 January 1888), 1

[News], The Argus (27 February 1888), 6

"CONCERT", North Melbourne Advertiser (24 March 1888), 2

"HERR DE CHANEET'S CONCERT", The Argus (10 September 1891), 7


"IN MEMORIAM", The Argus (2 May 1927), 1

DE COURCY, Frances (Mrs. Frances DE COURCY)

Teacher of music

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, February 1852 (passenger per Athenian)
Active by September 1852
Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 9 August 1860, in her 38th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"To the Editor", The Argus (1 March 1852), 2 

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 September 1852), 5 

MRS. DE COURCY tikes leave to inform her friends and the public that she is prepared to give lessons in music, either at her residence, 83, Stephen-street, or at the homes of the pupils.

"NEW SOUTH WALES", The Age (19 July 1858), 6 


The Select Committee of the Legislative Assembly, appointed on the 18th October, 1859, "to inquire into and report upon the allegations contained in the petition of Mrs. De Courcy," have agreed to the following report:

The case set up by the petitioner may be thus shortly stated. In July, 1858, and for some time prior to that date, Mrs. De Courcy resided in Paramatta, where she taught music, singing, and dancing. She had also some pupils in Sydney, and was in the habit of travelling up and down between the two places. From these sources, and a school kept by her daughter, she was in the receipt of an income of about £160 per annum. On the 10th July, 1858, when the accident occured on the Parramatta line of railway, Mrs. De Courcy was one of the passengers, and received severe injuries which confined her to her bed for some ten or twelve weeks; she was, consequently, unable to follow her profession, and is now in a state of comparative destitution . . .

DE COURCY, David (stage name of David De Courcy LAWSON)

Vocalist, pianist, musician

Born Manchester, England, 6 August 1821
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 5 December 1852 (per Atrevida, from London, 10 September)
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853; Ballarat, VIC, 1857-65
Died Brighton, VIC, 3 January 1899 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Star (6 June 1857), 2

[Advertisement], The Star (27 July 1857), 1

[Advertisement], The Star (15 October 1858), 3

"THE SHAKESPEARE CONCERT HALL", The Star (29 November 1858), 2

"EASTERN POLICE COURT", The Star (28 May 1859), 2

Bibliography and references:

"David De Courcy Lawson", family histories 

DECTROW, Charles


Active Ballarat, VIC, 1865-66


Ballarat and Ballarat district directory (1865), 125

The Victoria Post Office directory (1866), 319


Vocalist, actor, ? songwriter

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 January 1842 (per Posthumous, from London and Gravesend, 6 August 1842, via Melbourne)
Died Ballarat, VIC, 23 April 1856, aged 40 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DEERING, Rosa Eliza (Mrs. DEERING)

Dancer, actor


Born Henry Shinton, Deering took his mother's maiden name professionally. Having previously managed a small London theatre, he was one of the London theatricals imported to Sydney by Wyatt, making his local debut in January 1843. By mid 1846 he and his wife, Rosa, an actor and dancer, were in Adelaide, where he was lessee of the Royal Adelaide Theatre (with George COPPIN). He later managed theatres in Hobart, Geelong, and Melbourne.


"PORT PHILLIP SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 December 1842), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Australian (2 January 1843), 2

"THEATRE", Australasian Chronicle (14 January 1843), 2

"POLICE COURT BUSINESS", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1843), 2

"ROYAL ADELAIDE THEATRE", South Australian (31 July 1846), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (30 September 1846), 1

"THE AMATEUR PERFORMANCE FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE HOSPITAL. To the Editor", Geelong Advertiser (17 October 1853), 2

"FOR THE BENEFIT OF MRS. DEERING", Geelong Advertiser (26 April 1856), 2

. . . HENRY DEERING was our townsman, and a worthy one. His life was full of vicissitude. At one period he had amassed a handsome competency as manager of the Geelong Theatre. As with many others, misfortunes overtook him, and the prosperous tide which carried him into the haven, run counter, and left a fortune wrecked on the shoals of speculation. Returned a member of the Geelong Municipal Council, he attained an Aldermanship, and during his career in the corporation, discharged the duties that devolved upon him to the satisfaction of his constituency. His attempt to establish a museum in conjunction with a hotel failed, and after contesting the election for the County of Grant with Mr. Wills, who defeated him, Mr. Deering went to Melbourne, and was installed manager of the Queens Theatre. This speculation failed, and since that period to the time of his decease he was a resident at Ballarat, where he pursued his professional duties, "Peace to his manes" . . . for he did much good, and when he erred, it was on the pardonable side of humanity . . .

"GEELONG", The Argus (26 April 1856), 5

"OBITUARY", The Hobarton Mercury (30 April 1856), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Henry Deering, DAAO


Printer, lithographer, music engraver

Born Laibach (Ljubljana), Austro-Hungarian Empire, 26 September 1823
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 8 May 1853 (per Panthea, from the Downs, 26 January)
Died Sydney, NSW, 1882 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)




May 8. - Panthea, 511 tons, Captain Hannant, from the Downs January 26th., Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Decotardi [sic], Messrs. Tindall, H. Bateman, K. Keightley, King, Gothemanas [sic], two Kellermans, Foulk, Hogg, and two in the intermediate. Montefiore, Graham, and Co , agents.

DE GREY, Henry

Cornet and cornopean player, band leader, composer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 19 October 1852; Bendigo, by September and October 1853


Henry De Grey first appeared in Melbourne in October 1852 as co-presenter, with pianist Coleman Jacobs, of a "Grand Masquerade" and fancy dress ball "A La Jullien". At later concerts he appeared with Elizabeth Testar and John Gregg. In September 1853 De Grey was reportedly giving musical entertainments at the Bendigo Exchange, and in December:

On Saturday night Mr. de Grey opened the Bendigo Salle Valentino, with a concert à la Jullien, and it was a very superior affair. Besides these there are singing saloons on every part of the diggings.

In The Argus in March 1854 was advertised his only documented composition: "New Bendigo polka, composed and performed by Mr. De Grey, at Mr. Lavenu's Benefit Concert, at the Salle de Valentino, on Monday evening, March 13th".


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 October 1852), 8

"BETTER AND BETTER", The Argus (3 November 1852), 11

[Advertisement]: "GRAND CONCERTS", The Argus (17 November 1852), 3

"BENDIGO", The Argus (12 September 1853), 5

"BENDIGO", Empire (20 December 1853), 3

[Advertisement]: "NEW Bendigo Polka", The Argus (11 March 1854), 3

DE GROEN, Lewis Leon

Musician, conductor, band-master

Born Sydney, NSW, c.1867
Died Sydney, NSW, 2 April 1919, aged 54


"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 February 1862), 1

"HARDSHIPS TO PROFESSIONAL BANDSMEN. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1895), 6

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 April 1897), 2

"GREAT AUSTRALIAN CONDUCTOR", The Register (27 April 1909), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1919), 6

"DEATH OF MR. L. DE GROEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1919), 8

Musical works:

Les fiancés (valse) (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., [1897]), and later editions 

DE GRUCHY, Henry George

Music lithographer, printer, publisher

Born ? UK, c.1806
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 29 March 1851 (per Pestonjee Bomanjee, from London)
Active as De Gruchy and Leigh, lithographers, 1859
Died Prahran, VIC, 16 August 1862, aged 56 years


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (31 March 1851), 2

"DEATHS", The Telegraph, St. Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (19 August 1862), 4 

Music lithography:

Giralda (Spanish dance for the piano forte by Eugene Lissignol) (Melbourne: De Gruchy & Leigh Lithogrs., 1859) 

The light from the mountain (favorite ballad by an Australian Lady; the music by S. Nelson) (Melbourne: Edward Arnold, [1859]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 153 (DIGITISED)


Bass vocalist, professor of singing

Born England, ?
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by May 1866 (from the USA)
Died (suicide) Williamstown, VIC, 4 October 1872, aged "over 50"


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1866), 8

"THE OPERA", Empire (15 May 1866), 4

"AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 May 1866), 7

. . . Lucrezia Borgia was performed on Monday night, and in it a new basso profondo Mr. John De Haga, made his first appearance in the colonies. His Il Duca was a very creditable performance, both in acting and singing, and some regret has been expressed that he had not sooner joined the troupe, as many characters suitable to his voice have lately been very indifferently performed. Mr. De Haga has a good presence, a free natural style of acting, a voice of considerable power and cultivation, and bids fair to become very popular.

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 January 1870), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 August 1871), 8

"SUICIDE OF MR. JOHN DE HAGA", The Argus (5 October 1872), 6

A great deal of astonishment and regret was caused yesterday in theatrical circles and amongst the playgoing portion of the public by the fact which became known during the afternoon that Mr. John de Haga, formerly a basso singer in some of Mr. Lyster's earlier opera troupes, had committed suicide at Williamstown. The deceased appears to have acted with great deliberation and coolness, and to have determined to leave the world because he felt he was no longer able to command success, and because he had come down so much in his professional position that he had lost self respect and fallen into a settled despondency. He had been engaged to appear at St. James's Hall, a music-hall in Bourke-Street, and he had in conversation with an old friend before accepting the engagement spoken feelingly of the "come down" from opera singing to performing for a few pounds a week at a second-class music hall. He, however, attended rehearsal two or three times, and then he seemed to become aware that he was no longer master of his voice, and, in fact, could not trust himself to attempt vocalisation in public. This, no doubt, increased his despondency, and when he found afterwards that he could not get a few pounds advanced to him, and that he was in debt, even to his landlord, he apparently made up his mind to make a final exit. He was to have made his appearance in public at St. James's Hall for the first time last night, but on Thursday evening be went down to Williamstown, and took lodgings at the Steam Packet Hotel, near the wharf. Yesterday morning hi complained of being ill, lay down for a while, had a nobbler, and went out for on walk on the beach. He returned at about 1 o'clock and went to his room, after having another nobbler. In a few moments a report as of a pistol was heard in his room and it was found that the door of the chamber was bolted inside. The police having been sent for burst open the door, and found Mr. De Haga dead on the floor, sitting against a trunk, with an ordinary pistol in his hand, and a bullet wound right through his head. The bullet had entered at the right temple, gone right through the head, come out at the left temple, penetrated two inches into a stone wall, and rebounding, had fallen on the floor into a pool of blood which had flown from the wound. The deceased's face was quite placid. The skull was nearly blown off, and a piece of the stock of the pistol was blown off by the explosion The charge must have been a very heavy one. The police took charge of the body, on which an inquest will be held. The deceased lived for many years in America, North and South, and in California, and was a member of Walker's raid party in Nicaragua. He was connected with opera business, and had troupes, it is said, in South America and California, and came here many years ago. He used to say that he first came to Australia (Sydney) from California, with a view to investing American capital in mines, but this statement was always looked upon as dubious, as he did nothing in the way of mining, and entered into an engagement with Mr. W. S. Lyster as a basso singer in opera. He told an acquaintance that the last eight or nine years of his life had been made miserable through the effects upon his health of an accidental dose of corrosive sublimate taken by mistake for carbonate of soda. He represented that he had yet large interests in silver mines in a place called Virginia City, in the new south-west mining country of the United States, and also that he and a cousin of his, now (or lately) in Melbourne, were heirs to a very large estate in the West of England. Some 12 months since he was interested in popularising the use of Sullivan's Disinfectant. He was then absent for some time from Melbourne, travelling under a nom de théâtre as pianist with Frank Hussey's troupe of coloured minstrels. It is believed that he owed a good deal of money. He is said to have at one time, in California, been worth many thousands of pounds. He was a man of amiable, genial character, and had received a liberal education. After leaving England he studied in various Continental schools and he was considered to have a fair know lodge of music, and to be a good teacher. He was believed to be over 50 years of age, and to be unmarried. Some friends who had known him a long time considered that he was quite sane up to the last, and not at all affected by drink. No letter alleging a cause for suicide was found on him, the only document in his possession being a letter on business matters. A match-box, three pistol bullets, a chain, and a small key ware found in his pockets, but no valuables.

"SUICIDE OF MR. DE HAGA", Empire (9 October 1872), 3

"SUICIDE OF MR. DE HAGA", Australian Town and Country Journal (12 October 1872), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 136, 139, 145

DEIMLING, Friedrich

Musician, bandmaster (Deimling's Band), cornet player

Born 29 June 1839
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1860


"THE NORTH AMERICAN CIRCUS AT THE PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1860), 5

"TOWN TALK AND TABLE CHAT", The Cornwall Chronicle (10 February 1864), 10

[Advertisement], Empire (31 January 1860), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 February 1872), 1

"THE MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (10 January 1877), 6

Bibliography and resources:



Active Melbourne, VIC, and Sydney, NSW, 1891


[News], The Argus (2 January 1891), 5

To-morrow afternoon the fourth promenade concert will be given by the Melbourne Orchestra in the Exhibition-building. The programme includes several selections not heard before, in Melbourne, namely: Overture, "A Night in Granada" (Kreutzer); "The Forge in the Forest" (Michaelis); gavotte, "Louis-XII.," the obbligato being played on two harps by Misses Deimling and Duvalli. Miss Tasma Sherwin, of Sydney, will make her first appearance in Melbourne on this occasion as vocalist . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 October 1891), 2


Flute player, bandsman (96th Regiment)

Active VDL (TAS), 1843-49

See also Band of the 96th Regiment


"MR. RUSSELL'S CONCERTS", Launceston Advertiser (12 March 1846), 2 

The entertainment on Friday evening last was a musical treat of no ordinary kind. Some members of the 96th band attended, by the kind permission of Colonel Cumberland, and we are grati6ed to have the opportunity of referring to tbe very correct and delicate manner in which they gave Bellini's, "A te O Caro," a cavatina, from "Beatrice di Tenda," "Vive Enrico," and a piece arranged from the well known air of "I know a bank;" as well as to the flute solo of Mr. Delaney (one of their number), which was very neatly played.

DELANY, John Daniel

Journalist (? printer), amateur musician, violinist

Arrived Australia, ? by 1861
Died Camperdown, NSW, 11 April 1894

DELANY, John Albert

Organist, conductor, composer

Born London, England, 6 July 1852
Died Paddington, NSW, 11 May 1907 (NLA persistent identifier)

DELANY, Jenny (Jenny SHARPE; Mrs. J. A. DELANY)

Soprano vocalist

Arrived Sydney, by January 1872


? "CERTIFICATES", The Solicitors' Journal and Reporter (18 February 1860), 298

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1872), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1876), 12

"THE OPERA-HOUSE. THE BOHEMIAN GIRL", The Argus (18 June 1877), 6

"SYDNEY LIEDERTAFEL CONCERT. CAPTAIN COOK, CANTATA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1888), 11

"ROMAN CATHOLIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 April 1894), 10

"Death of Mr. J. D. Delaney", Australian Town and Country Journal (21 April 1894), 31

"THE LATE MR. J. A. DELANY. A REQUIEM HIGH MASS", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1907), 5

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1910), 4

"THE ROYAL SYDNEY APOLLO CLUB", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 June 1918), 10


Captain Cook (a Centennial cantata; music: J. A. Delany; libretto: P. E. Quinn; 1888) 

Bibliography and resources:

E. J. Lea-Scarlett, "Delany, John Albert (1852-1907)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

Kit Smith, "John Albert Delany: a prince in music", Australasian Catholic Record 82/3 (July 2005), 290-98


William John Cordner (teacher)


see LOLLE, Emile de


Violinist, dancing master

Active Melbourne, VIC, from July 1857
Died Sydney, NSW, 1 August 1923, in his 88th year


[Advertisement], The Argus (31 July 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 March 1858), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 September 1858), 8

"DEATHS", The Argus (10 August 1923), 1


Deplanque's copy of Francis Litolff's The Curaçoa polka (1864) 

DEL SARTE, Camille Auguste Achille (DELSARTE, DEL-SARTE)

Professor of music, vocalist, composer, entrepreneur

Born Cambrai, France, 8 June 1818
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 11 February 1851 (per Mazeppa, from Java)
Died Hobart, TAS, 2 July 1877, aged "about 60" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

DEL SARTE, Marie Albertine (Mrs. Herbert Leslie STONEHAM)

Entertainer, ? singer

Born Hobart, TAS, 1863
Active 1883-84 in Stoneham touring company
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1936


Camille Del Sarte came from Paris, like the Gautrots fifteen years earlier, via Batavia. Though there is a garbled report of his family in the Hobart press in 1858, he appears to have been, correctly, a younger brother of the internationally famous vocal and movement teacher, François Delsarte (1811-1871), and himself "of the Conservatoire Royale de Musique, and of the Opera National, of Paris".

Del Sarte gave his first Australian concert in Adelaide in April 1851, during which he sang his own song Le chant beni des oiseaux. Evidently intending to settle, he applied for a liquor license for his Café Parisien in June, and made several more concert appearances, but by the end of the year seems to have determined to move on to Melbourne, and did so early in 1852.

There, in March he advertised as a "Professor of Singing and Teacher of the Piano", and "his intention to remain in Port Phillip". In the same advertisement he announced both his "first Australian composition", the Juvenile Ball quadrilles, and his "first composition in Port Phillip", The faded rose, written for the concert singer Elizabeth Testar.

But in January 1853, he moved on again to Hobart. There in June 1854 he introduced his ballad, Farewell, sung by himself, and "dedicated to F. H. Henslowe, Esq.", the local composer, according to the Courier, "plaintive and pleasing . . . likely to become a favourite". His Un rêve (romance musique) was among the Tasmanian Exhibits at the Paris Exhibition in 1855. He was the proprietor of one of Hobart's main musical venues, Del Sarte's Rooms, from 1854, when he presented his countryman Ali-Ben Sou-Alle.

His ballad, My tears for thee, which first appeared in 1868, was apparently popular, going into a fifth edition in Sydney, where he was then living and teaching, issued by the publisher Elvy. In 1867, to mark the visit of the French ship of that name, Del Sarte published his Marceau galop, Del Sarte returned to Hobart, and died there in 1877, aged "about 60".

Many thanks to Mark Jones for directing me to birth details of the Delsarte family in:,

Franck Waille, Corps, art et spiritualité chez François Delsarte (1811-1871) - des interactions dynamiques (doctoral thesis, Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3, 2009), 891

Acte de naissance de François Alexandre Nicolas Chéry, né le 11 novembre 1811, de Jean Nicolas Toussaint Delsarte, marchand, à Solesmes, et d'Aimée Albertine Roland"; "Acte de naissance de Camille Auguste Achille, né le 8 juin 1818, de Jean Nicolas Toussaint Delsarte, marchand cafetier, demeurant 118 rue des Anglaises à Cambrai, et d'Aimée Albertine Roland (État-civil de la mairie de Cambrai (Nord), Acte no. 344).


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian (18 February 1851), 2

"ANTONIO DEL SARTE", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (23 August 1858), 3

[Advertisement]: "GRAND EVENING CONCERT", South Australian Register (7 April 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 February 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 March 1852), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (10 June 1854), 3

"CONCERT", The Courier (7 June 1854), 2

"GRAND CONCERT", The Courier (16 June 1854), 2

"TASMANIAN CONTRIBUTIONS TO PARIS, 1855, NO XIV", The Courier (27 September 1855), 2

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1868), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 September 1868), 8

"DEATH OF MONS. DEL SARTE", The Mercury (3 July 1877), 3

Among the music-loving public of Tasmania, and more especially that of the metropolis, no name was more familiar in, years gone by than that of Camille Del Sarte. But it has now to be recorded on the toll of the departed; for at one o'clock yesterday morning the distinguished music-master, after a very short illness, breathed his last at his residence in Macquarie-street, bronchitis being the immediate cause of death. Camille Del Sarte was a native of Paris, but he arrived in this colony from the island of Java about 22 years ago. Soon after his arrival here he purchased what now forms the residence of the Venerable Archdeacon Davies, and for some years the deceased resided there. He had not been long in Hobart Town before his name as a practical and theoretical teacher of music became a household word in Tasmania; and so rapid was his early success in these branches of the divine art that in 1856 he had built for the purposes of his profession and at his own cost that substantial building in Harrington-street, now known as the Oddfellows' Hall, but which was originally known as Del Sarte's Rooms. The speculation was not, however, the success its enterprising proprietor had anticipated, and eventually he parted with the property. At the time of the volunteer movement, Mons. Del Sarte held the position of band-master in the Artillery corps, and within the last two years he was entrusted with the conductorship of the Hobart Town City Band. About the year 1869 the deceased left Hobart Town and took up his abode in Sydney, and there for a time he had an excellent practise. Unfortunately, however, he was induced to enter into mining speculations, and these turning out unremunerative, Mons. Del Sarte lost a considerable sum of money. He remained in Sydney about seven years, and only returned to Hobart Town between two and three years ago. His long absence from the colony, however, had almost completely broken the connection which he had formerly made; and although his reputation as a master in his profession was as great as ever, he was not able to regain the high position which he had occupied before he left the colony. Deceased had long been subject to bronchitis; but the malady did not manifest itself in a serious form until Wednesday last, when Mons. Del Sarte was obliged to curtail his music lessons. He continued to get worse daily, and, as we have already said, his life was brought to a close at one o'clock yesterday morning. Monsieur Del Sarte was a married man, and we regret to say that he has left behind him a sorrowing widow and five young children. The deceased was about 60 years of age.

"DEATHS", The Mercury (4 July 1877), 1


Harp player, composer

DELUCA, Eugenio Vincent (Eugene; DE LUCA)

Italian harp-player

Born Messina, Italy, 1884
Active Sydney, NSW, 1892-97


"BREVITIES", Evening News (8 December 1892), 5

Kate Brown, 33, was charged before Mr. J. Giles, D.S.M., at the Central Police Court to-day with having been drunk and was fined 10s or seven days. She was also charged with having assaulted an Italian harp player, a boy, named Vincent Deluca. The boy was walking along the street yesterday afternoon, with his instrument on his shoulder, when accused rushed at him and struck him on the head. Fined £3, or two months. She was further fined 20s, and ordered to pay 10s for the damage, for having broken the boy's harp, or 21 days.

[Advertisement], Evening News (15 October 1896), 1

REWARD £1. - Will be paid to anyone giving the Address of Eugene Vincent De Luca, aged 13 years. Anyone harboring him will be prosecuted. Joseph De Luca, 17 Little Macquarie-st.

"BREVITIES", Evening News (30 December 1896), 4

An Italian boy named Vincent Deluca, 13, residing at 17 Macquarie-street south, while climbing a tree in Hyde Park to-day in search of locusts, lost his hold and fell to the ground a distance of about twenty feet, fracturing his right collarbone in addition to receiving injuries to the spine. Mr. George Clarke, of Prospect-street, Paddington, conveyed Deluca to Sydney Hospital, where he was admitted by Dr. Harris.

[Advertisement], Evening News (16 March 1897), 1

REWARD - (5s) to any person that will Give Information to the Police or at 17 Albert-st, for the Whereabouts of Boy, aged 13, EUGENIO VINCENT DE LUCA, a Harp Player, scar on forehead.

"Smithfield. GRAND BALL", The Cumberland Argus and Fruitgrowers Advocate (9 June 1900), 2

The string band, which comprised Messrs. S. Watson (piano), Joseph Deluca (harp), Frank Palermo and Lewis Lamoglie (violins), supplied first class music.

? "BAND SELECTIONS", The Brisbane Courier (4 February 1928), 21

DE MATTOS, Faustino

Professor of Music

Arrived, Sydney, NSW, 23 November 1853 (per Dom Affonso, from Oporto, 18 July)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1856


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Maitland Mercury (30 November 1853), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (28 March 1856), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1856), 1

DE MUNCK, Ernest

See under his wife Carlotta PATTI (Madame DE MUNCK)


Soprano vocalist

Born Ogulin, Croatia, 6 February 1834
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 22 July 1875 (R.M.S. City of Melbourne, from San Francisco, 21 June)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 11 April 1876 (per Albion, for Dunedin, NZ)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 19 January 1877 (per S.S. City of Sydney, for San Francisco)
Died Munich, Germany, 14 January 1889 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Ilma de Murska, 1875

Image: Melbourne, 1875


"SHIPPING", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 July 1875), 31

"THE DE MURSKA CONCERTS", The Argus (6 September 1875), 5

. . . It forms no small part of the grand reputation which attaches to this lady that she foremost amongst the very few singers throughout the world who can sing the music written by Mozart for the Queen of Night, in that great work of his "Il Flauto Magico". The song selected by Mdlle de Murska from this opera - "Gli Angui d'Inferno" - is written in the key of F major and in tempo it is marked allegro assai, but that which distinguishes it from endless other songs is that in its higher compass the note F altissimo, the octave above the fifth line the stave, is frequently introduced. Every reader knows where to turn for a singer who can give full value to the utterance of the note for there is only one in this part of the world, and her name is Ilma de Murska. But it is not by the production of this sound alone that Mdlle. De Murska made the extraordinary impression she produced on the audience on Saturday night. The song is full of fire and passionate declamation, and to express this characteristic quality in the high range of voice indicated by the composer requires physical strength, fine intelligence and a voice of the very rarest order. All these are possessed in such degree by this singer that De Murska does absolute justice to Mozart. To compare the effect of this surprising performance with another produced by a different cause - let us say that this is to the ear that which the display of the electric light is to the eye = it is felt to be the brightest and most beautiful of its kind, there is no improving upon it, it announces itself unmistakably as "best". The singer pours forth a torrent of bright sound which seems in every note to glitter, and as the light in its power is acknowledged by the far distant eye, so these bright and sparkling sounds fill every ear with their intense vibrations, notwithstanding that the singer sings with no more apparent effort than the lifting of an eyebrow. The accompaniment of this performance was entrusted to Mr. Alfred Anderson, who acknowledged the mark of favour by artist-like execution of this very important part of the work. His play was light, exact, fluent, and brilliant and although he could not give as the effect of the flutes, oboes, bassoons, horns, trumpets, drums, and strings to be found in the orchestral score, he added as far as it was possible to the effect which drove a whole audience almost into a craze of admiration. Showers of bouquets and shouts of applause greeted the singer on the termination of this aria, and these lasted without intermission until she had returned four times to the platform to acknowledge in her own graceful way the grand demonstration thus made in her favour. With the singular liberality which distinguishes her dealings with her audience, she gave an encore song even after having sung "Gli Angui d' Inferno" - this was the well known "Within a mile o' Edinbro' Toon," the tune of which, it may interest the reader to know, was composed by the father of Theodore Hook, the witty novelist and musical improvisatore. We have heard this song sung by at least a score of singers of repute, but by none of them have we heard it so charmingly rendered as by Mdlle de Murska. She gave a rigidly exact rendering of the musical text and one utterly devoid of any foreign ornament, but with a fine perception of the humour of the song her expression of it was simply perfect. The innocent sense of maidenly misgiving and personal responsibility she conveyed in her utterance of "Na na it winna do, I canna, winna mannna buckle to" was as delightful a touch of art as ever was witnessed.

"SYDNEY", The Telegraph (31 December 1875), 2

SYDNEY. 10.30 p.m., December 30. Mdlle. Ilma de Murska was married last night to Mr. Alfred Anderson, the pianiste. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Dr. Fullerton, Presbyterian minister.

[News], The Argus (12 April 1876), 4

"MARRIAGE OF MDLLE. DE MURSKA", North Otago Times (17 May 1876), 2

Concerning the marriage of this lady to Mr John Thomas Hill, the "Daily Times" of Tuesday writes: Early yesterday afternoon a most unexpected event took place in Dunedin no less than the marriage of Mdlle. Ilma De Murska (Mrs Anderson) to Mr Strauss Illa (Mr John Thomas Hill). The ceremony came off in the office of the Registrar of Marriages, to which the bride and bridegroom quietly walked in their ordinary attire, without anything special in the way of wedding costume; but no sooner had the marriage taken place than the news was in everyone's mouth. Numbers of persons visited the Registrar's office during the afternoon, and each disbursed half-a-crown for the pleasure of perusing the following entry in the official record: "Married, on Monday, May 15th, at the office of the Registrar of Marriages, John Thomas Hill, bachelor, aged 33 years, to Ilma Maria Thea Anderson, widow, aged 28 years." The witnesses to the marriage ceremony were Mr William Parker Street and Mr J. R. Sinclair, solicitor. We hear, though for the truth of the story we should not like to vouch, that when Mdlle. De Murska made her debut on the operatic stage in London in 1865, Mr Hill was a member of the orchestra on that occasion. However it is certain that Mr Hill only joined the company just before coming over to New Zealand. The eventful story connected with the death, two months ago, of Mr Anderson, and which caused so thrilling a sensation throughout the colonies, found yesterday what was to everyone a most unexpected sequel.

"THE LOVES OF A CANTATRICE", Kalgoorlie Western Argus (11 March 1897), 10

On Thursday, the day before the San Francisco mail left, an advertisement appeared in the Herald stating that "the management" had arranged with Madame Ilma de Murska to appear in Sydney for a short operatic season. The advertisement was not signed, which was in itself suspicious, and as there is no operatic company here, nor any means of getting one together, the announcement was rather unintelligible. Still there were those possessing claims on "the management," of a pecuniary nature, who were induced to hold them over on the strength of this advertisement. By the mail steamer, however, departed both the great vocalist and "the management," and debts, which before were doubtful, became, of course, decidedly bad. It was a smart trick, and affords matter for pensive reflection on the part of the creditors.

Bibliography and resources:

"Ema Pukšec", Wikipediašec

DENHAM, Thomas

Teacher of dancing

Active Hobart Town, VDL, 1844


[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (3 May 1844), 3 

Dancing. THE Undersigned beg most respectfully to acquaint the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town, that they have commenced teaching in the above profession, the particulars of which may be known on application at No. 41, Brisbane-street. THOMAS DENHAM. JOSEPH DYER. Hobart Town, April 23, 1844.

DENISON, William Thomas (1804-1871)

Lieutentant-governor (TAS), governor-general, musical patron

Arrived VDL (TAS) 1847; arrived NSW, 1855; departed 1861 (NLA persistent identifier)

DENISON, Caroline Lucy (HORNBY; c.1818/9-1899)

Musical patron

Arrived VDL (TAS) 1847; arrived NSW, 1855; departed 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Bibliography and resources:

Papers of William T. Denison and his family; University of Nottingham Manuscripts and Special Collections 

[Mrs. Edward Cox's journal (written about 1877) [in pencil: 1880]; transcribed by Andrew Houison (1850-1912) 

. . . [51] A year of two after this Sir Charles Fitzroy left the Colony, and Sir William Denison with a large family arrived. Two daughters just grown up, pretty young girls, the Eldest delicate. Lady Denison gave pleasant musical evening parties in her private drawing room for young people, and the Governor got up lawn parties for archery. He presented my third daughter Jane, with a very fine bow and arrows. They also gave large public balls, but not many of them . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Jane Maria Cox (1806-1888) arrived in New South Wales with her parents, Richard and Christiana Brooks, in 1814. In 1823 the Brooks family moved from Sydney to Denham Court near Liverpool. In 1827 Jane married Edward Cox (1805-1868) of Fernhill, Mulgoa; Alfred Cox was her much younger brother-in-law.

DENNING, Cornelius Peter

Professor of dancing, dancing master (pupil of D'Albert, Cellarius, Coulon, &c., "of Vauxhall")

Born England, c. 1802
Active Melbourne and Geelong, VIC, by December 1852
Married Harriet OBBARD, Carlton, VIC, 10 May 1869
Died Melbourne, VIC, 16 June 1874, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DENNING, Harriet (Harriet OBBARD; Miss OBBARD; Mrs. Cornelius DENNING)

Teacher of dancing

Born ? England, c. 1837
Arrrived Launceston, TAS, 23 November 1855 (indenture immigrant per Anglesey)
Married Cornelius DENNING, Carlton, VIC, 10 May 1869
Died Brunswick, VIC, 21 February 1904, aged 67 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (2 December 1852), 2 

A GRAND FANCY AND FULL DRESS BALL AND SUPPER, WILL take place on Monday the 6th of December, at the Masonic Hall, Geelong, on which occasion the Military Brass Band of the 40th Regiment, in full costume, will be in attendance. The well known Master of the Ceremonies, Mr. Denning, from Vauxhall, has kindly offered his services . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 December 1852), 8 

THE Proprietor respectfully informs Ladies and Gentlemen and his patrons generally, that in compliance with general desire, an Assembly will be held this evening. The Band, under the able leadership of Mr. Tranter, will be increased.
Admission - Gentlemen 5s with the privilege of introducing ladies.
Dancing to commence at 8 o'clock.

"OPENING OF THE QUEEN'S ARCADE, LONDSDALE STREET . . . THE BALL", The Banner (27 September 1853), 7 

. . . The delightful music of Winterbottom, and the perfect management of Mr. Denning, rendered the evening one of infinite pleasure and delight, and the festivities were kept up until a late hour.

"THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL", The Argus (8 October 1853), 4 

. . . In the confusion, we noticed one honorable member voting in distinct opposition to a speech which he had made about a minute before . . . while Dr. Greeves and Alderman Hodgson stood up at the end of the table and performed a sort of "set to your partner, turn round once, and take your places," in a style that would have gladdened the hearts of Professors Braid or Denning . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: John Braid (dancing master)

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 October 1854), 8 

EXHIBITION - Select Quadrille Assembly, Protestant Hall. This Evening. This Assembly takes place by the desire or several respectable families, in celebration of the Opening of the Exhibition. Visitors of known respectability only will be admitted. C. P. Denning.

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 September 1855), 8

Immigrants Arriving under the Indenture System, Tasmania, 1 January 1854 to 31 December 1856 

Obbard, Harriett, 24, London, nursemaid, [on application of] Rev. W. H. Brown, [per] Anglesey, Launceston, via Melbourne, Nov. 23, 1855.

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 June 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 March 1857), 8

TUITION in DANCING - Academy, Protestant Hall; Schools attended. C. P. Denning, pupil of D'Albert, Cellarius, Coulon, &c.

[Advertisement], The Argus (21 April 1857), 8 

MISS OBBARD, lately from Launceston, is requested to call at 5, Kyte's-building, Collingwood.

[Advertisement], The Age (25 July 1857), 3 

DANCING. - La Varsoviana. - Ladies may acquire this Dance in private lessons. C. P. Denning, Protestant Hall.

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 September 1859), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (31 October 1860), 8 

MISS OBBARD, TEACHER of DANCING, late of Protestant Hall, assistant to Mr. Gilfillan, St. Patrick's Hall.

"THE PARTY OUTRAGE IN MELBOURNE", Empire (26 December 1867), 3

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (31 May 1869), 4 

DENNING - OBBARD. - On the 10th inst., at Erskine Church, Carlton, by special licence, by Rev. James Ballantyne, C. P. Denning to Harriet, daughter of the late Captain Obbard, and niece to Alderman Obbard, city of London.

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 June 1874), 8 

MR. DENNING'S Instruction CLASS. This Evening, Tuesday, as usual, 180 Little Collins-street, next Protestant hall.

"Deaths", The Argus (17 June 1874), 1

DENNING. - On the 16th inst., at his late residence, No 180 Little Collins street east, Mr. Cornelius Peter Denning

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The Herald (17 June 1874), 2 

A very old resident of Melbourne died yesterday evening. We refer to Mr. Denning, the well known dancing master. Mr. Denning, who was seventy-three years of age when he died, had been in the practice of his profession in Melbourne for over twenty-three years, and during that time used the Protestant Hall as his assembly room. Dropsy was the immediate cause of death.

"MELBOURNE (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT) Wednesday evening [17 June]", Geelong Advertiser (18 June 1874), 3 

Mr Denning, the dancing master, died yesterday, aged 73. He was much liked by bis pupils, and notwithstanding his years would, in the performance of his duties, skip about as nimbly as the nimblest of those whom be taught.

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 June 1874), 12 

MRS. DENNING'S CLASSES for Instruction will RE-COMMENCE to-morrow evoning, Tuesday, 7 o'clock, as usual, 180 Little Colllins-street.

"DEATHS", The Age (22 February 1904), 1 

DENNING - On the 21st February, at her residence, No. 6 Black-street, South Brunswick, Harriet, relict of the late Cornelius P. Denning, aged 67 years.


? Music class member, ? baker

DENTITH, Alfred Jackson

Teacher of the violin and piano, pianist

Born Edge Hill, Liverpool, England, 1832
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 26 September 1854 (per Templeman, from Liverpool 19 May)
Died Hobart, TAS, 13 July 1913 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DENTITH, Mary (Mrs. Alfred Henry BOWDEN)

Musician, music teacher, composer

Born Hobart, TAS, 19 October 1864
Married Alfred H. E. Bowden, Hobart, TAS, 11 September 1886
Died Scottsdale, TAS, 17 December 1950


"ARRIVALS", The Hobarton Mercury (27 September 1854), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (14 May 1855), 3

[Advertisement], The Hobarton Mercury (14 May 1856), 3

[Advertisement], The Mercury (24 November 1860), 4

"Marriages", The Mercury (18 September 1886), 1

"MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC", Daily Post (8 January 1909), 3

"MUSICAL", Examiner (17 August 1918), 8

"DEATHS", Daily Post (14 July 1913), 1

DENTITH. - On Sunday, July 13, 1913, at Hobart, Alfred J. Dentith, in the 85th year of his age. Funeral will arrive at Mortuary Chapel, Queenborough Cemetery, at 10.30 p.m. TO-MORROW (TUESDAY), 15th inst.

"PERSONAL", Daily Telegraph (18 July 1913), 5 

At Hobart last Sunday there passed away Mr. Alfred Jackson Dentith, who was Tasmania's oldest musician, and had reached the ripe age of 85 years. He was highly respected, both by the profession and a large circle of past pupils, many of whom have distinguished themselves in amateur and professional circles throughout the Commonwealth. He was born at Edge Hill, Liverpool, being the youngest son of John Dentith, a prominent bookseller of that city. His mother was the daughter of the famous Liverpool surgeon, Dr. Jackson. From early life his parents intended him for a musical career. He studied violin, pianoforte, harmony, and counterpoint with a prominent Liverpool musician, Mr. Aldridge, and later with Mr. Costa, afterwards Sir Michael Costa. The deceased also went to Hamburg, Germany, where he continued his studies for some years, with the eminent composers-pianist, Herr Jacob Schmidt, uncle of the late Carl Schmidt, who was a resident of Tasmania for some years, and a partner of Mr. Dentith's for a considerable period. With some friends, he came to Tasmania in the year 1852, the sailing vessel taking six months to accomplish the voyage. The deceased soon acquired a large practice at Hobart, and for many years his name was a household word in the South. He frequently gave violin recitals with the late Mr F. A. Packer, whose songs and compositions have gained world-wide fame. He was organist of the Union Congregational Church for many years, and officiated in the same capacity for a lengthy period at St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Hobart. He also led the orchestra for the late Martin " Simonsen on his visits to Tasmania with his fine opera company. His wife pre-deceased him some two years ago. He leaves several sons and daughters, all of whom are grown up, amongst whom is Mrs. A. H. Bowden, of this city, who was trained as a teacher of music by her father quite early in life. His remains were laid to rest in Queensborough cemetery last Tuesday.

"MUSIC & MUSICIANS. Mr. Frank Bowden. Hobart's Music in Earlier Days", The Mercury (29 August 1928), 8

"OBITUARIES", Examiner (22 December 1950), 4

MRS. MARY BOWDEN, who died at Scottsdale on Sunday, was for 45 years a successful teacher of music in Launceston and a noted composer. She was the eldest daughter of the late Mr. Alfred Jackson Dentith, a well-known Hobart musician. For some time she was organist at the Union Chapel (now the Hobart Repertory Theatre). For 14 years she was organist at St. Andrew's Church, Launceston. Up to the time of her death, Mrs. Bowden received royalties for her compositions. Mrs. Bowden was the proud possessor of a letter written personally by the late Dame Nellie Melba, congratulating her on one of her songs, "The Laughing Cavalier." Mrs. Bowden was the first professional accompanist at the Launceston competitions in 1902, and she retained this position for five years. She was also pianist for the Musical Union conducted by the late Mr. J. H. Fray, F.N.I.C., a former organist of St. John's Church, Launceston. Since her husband's death in 1932, she had lived with her son-in-law, Mr. P. H. Fry, Scottsdale, and her sister, Miss Dentith. She had a family of one son (deceased) and four daughters - Mesdames David Gibson (deceased), P. H. Fry (deceased), J. C Macmichael (Hobart), and A. E. Pepper (Launceston). Private interment took place at Carr Villa Cemetery on Tuesday.

Bibliography and resources:

Musical works:

Ballade in D minor, op. 36 pianoforte solo by Mary Bowden (Mrs. Alfred H. Bowden) (To Frances Margorie Allen)

The dedicatee, Marjorie Allen, was a pupil of Bowden, and was in turn teacher of Peter Sculthorpe


A Collard & Collard boudoir grand piano circa 1897, which belonged to Arthur and Mary Bowden (both musicians) was donated by the family in 2012 to QVMAG Launceston.


Amateur vocalist, journalist, politician

Born Birmingham, England, July 1830
Died Kensington Park, SA, 14 October 1899, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

DERRINGTON, Rosa (Elizabeth Rosa EKERS)

Amateur vocalist, contralto

Born ? Exeter, UK, c. 1837/38
Married Edwin Henry DERRINGTON, Walkerville, SA, 1 September 1855
Died Alberton, SA, 7 May 1911, aged 74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MARRIED", Adelaide Observer (8 September 1855), 1 Supplement 

"HERR LINGER'S CONCERT", Adelaide Times (26 September 1855), 2-3 

. . . The most successful efforts of the evening, however, were the aria from "Elijah," "O, Rest in the Lord," sung by a lady amateur, Mrs. Derrington, with the most pieasing effect; the intonations of her voice, which is of exquisite sweetness, being well adapted to the character of the piece . . .

"NORTH ADELAIDE CHORAL SOCIETY", Adelaide Times (18 January 1856), 2 

A concert of the above Society took place yesterday at the Lefevre-terrace Chapel, North Adelaide . . . The attendance, we regret to say, was not very numerous, but no doubt to the gratification of the members, comprising some of the very influential inhabitants of that district. Previous to the more harmonious portion of the proceedings, an address to the audience was delivered by Mr. Derrington, whose zeal and energy on behalf of the Society cannot be too largely commended. His address, after commenting upon the many advantages to be derived from sacred harmonic societies, called attention to the want of members and subscribers in North Adelaide, and concluded by expressing a hope that that evening's meeting would be successful in obtaining the result for which it was started. At the termination of his address the speaker was vehemently applauded . . .

"LECTURE ON MUSIC", Border Watch [Mount Gambier] (12 August 1864), 2 

"MOONTA CHORAL SOCIETY", Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser and Miners' and Farmers' Journal (23 February 1877), 2 

"DEATHS", The Express and Telegraph (16 October 1899), 2 

"DEATH OF MR. E. H. DERRINGTON. A CHEQUERED CAREER", South Australian Register (16 October 1899), 6 

"DEATHS", The Register (8 May 1911), 6 

DESJARDINS, Rene (René Henri Emillon)

Pianist, teacher of piano and singing, music publisher, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1885
Died Kings Cross, NSW, 23 December 1934, aged 73


Contralto vocalist

Born Sydney, NSW, 1899
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1918


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 August 1885), 2

"CONCERT IN AID OF ST. VINCENT'S HOSPITAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1885), 8

[Bankruptcy advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 March 1890), 2

"LORD MAYOR'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 March 1918), 8

"MRS. A. M. DESJARDINS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1931), 11

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 December 1934), 8

Musical works:

Thou'rt not for me (song, op. 3; words and music by René Desjardins) (Sydney: Rene Desjardins Conservatoire of Music, [1896]) 

Débutante valse (op. 5; par René Desjardins) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [1904]) 

DE STORR, Madame (Madame de STORR; Madame Arthur de STORR)

Harpist, painter, artist

Active Melbourne, VIC, by April 1853; Sydney, NSW, by June 1853; Launceston, TAS, by March 1854
Departed Launceston, TAS, 30 May 1854 (per John King, for Mauritius) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Artist and musician, Madame de Storr and her husband Arthur, "a professor of French language" but principally apparently a merchant trader, had lived at various places in the Pacific basin - including Penang, India, Singapore, Brazil, and Chile - for over a decade before they arrived in Melbourne early in 1843.

Mrs. De Storr first advertised exotic merchandise for sale from the Misses Burney's school in Melbourne in April 1853. She and her husband had arrived in Sydney by 1 June 1853, when she advertised:

MADAM DE STORR, from Paris, Harpist, pupil of Bochsa, begs to announce to the nobility, gentry, and dilettant[i] of Sydney, that she has arrived in this city, after having made a successful tour through India and South America, in which countries she has been specially honoured by the distinguished patronage of his Majesty the Emperor of Brasil, his Excellency the Governor-General of India, the King of Lahore, the Great Mogul, Lord Gough, &c. Madame de Storr is making arrangements for a grand Concert, which she intends to give at the Royal Victoria Theatre, on which occasion she will secure the aid of all the available musical talent of Sydney.

She later also advertised as a portrait painter. She sailed to Melbourne in January 1854, was in Launceston from March (advertising as "harpist to H.R.H. the Duchess of Berry" [her teacher Bochsa had been harpist to the duc de Berri]) until June.

In her research in the Erard archive, Rosemary Hallo (2014, 54) found that an Erard harp "number 4886" advertised for sale by auction in Sydney on 20 November 1852, had been built on 17 March 1835, and sold in Paris in July that year, the owner apparently a Madame de Storr. If it is the same person, her harp landed in Australia, probably unbeknown to her, a full year before her own arrival.


[Advertisement], The Singapore free press and mercantile advertiser (5 January 1843), 1 

PORTRAITS. MADAME DE STORR, a pupil of the celebrated David of Paris, has the honor to inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Singapore, that she takes Likenesses in Oil of every size, and on the most moderate terms; she also takes Portraits in Crayons (au pastel) in two sittings, at Drs. 15 for each Likeness, of which, as of the former, she guarantees the most perfect resemblance. Madame De Storr resides at the London Hotel, and her stay at Singapore will not be protracted beyond the occasion of the Musical Soiree, which she proposes to give, and for which she will shortly issue a Subscription Circular. Singapore, 26th Decr. 1842.

[Advertisement], The Singapore free press and mercantile advertiser (19 January 1843), 3 

Madame DE STORR'S Concert came off last night and was attended by the elite of Singapore Society. The music was chiefly selected from the Operas of Rossini and Bellini, and the performance of Madame De Storr upon the Harp, which instrument she plays in a way peculiar to herself, delighted the audience, especially the Chinese. The Evening's entertainment ended with a raffle The prize a splendid painting of Roustan, the Emperor Napoleon's favorite Mameluke, was obtained by a young man who seemed highly pleased with his good future.

"BENGAL. SHIPPING", Allen's Indian Mail, and Register of Intelligence (25 February 1845), 87-88 

PASSENGERS ARRIVED . . . [2 January ? 1844] Per Royal Sovereign, from Penang. - Madame De Storr.

[Report of proceedings] Journal of Asiatic Society of Bengal (March 1845), xxxiv-v 

Read the following letter to the Society:-

Monsieur Torrens, Secretaire de la Societt Asiatique a Calcutta. Monsieur, - Madame de Storr a l'intention de publier, a la fin de chaque mois une livraison de quatre costumes litographies and colories, des different peuples que l'on rencontre a Calcutta; Je desire beaucoup, en regard de chaque costume, faire paraitre une notice indicative des moeurs et habitudes de celui qui le porte. Mais etant depuis trop peu de terns dans le pays, je n'ai pas acquis assez de connaissances pour decrire avec verite des coutumes dont je n'ai entendu parler que vaguement . . . Votre tres humble et obeissant Serviteur, A. B. de Storr. Calcutta, 21st Feb. 1845.

The Secretary stated that he had allowed M. De Storr to have from the library one volume at a time of each of the works applied for, as he deemed it incumbent on the Society to give every aid in its power to works of the kind proposed.

"CHINA &c. SHIPPING"", Allen's Indian Mail, and Register of Intelligence (17 December 1851), 

PASSENGERS ARRIVED . . . Per Philomena - Capt. and Mrs. Fales and child, Miss Murphy, M. and Madame de Storr.

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 April 1853), 8

FOR SALE. REAL Cashmere shawls from India . . . Pocket handkerchiefs from Manila . . . Japan lacquered boxes . . . Apply to Mrs. de Storr, at Misses Burney's school, Flinder's lane, east, between Mr. Kerr's residence, and Mr Ramsay's chapel.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 June 1853), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (2 June 1853), 1

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1853), 2

"MADAME DE STORR'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (15 June 1853), 2 

On Tuesday evening the Victoria Theatre was attended by a most select and fashionable assembly, attracted by the splendid programme issued by the above-named lady, and which included the names of the most popular artistes in the metropolis. The Band of the 11th Regiment attended on the occasion. Of the "stars" of the night it is alone necessary to speak; and but few words will be needed to record our opinion. The lady's proficiency on the harp may have won for her a professional appointment to the Duchess De Berri; but the effect of her performance upon our weak nerves - heightened though it was by spectacles, wig, and pink gingham - was anything but "stunning." We were not electrified, or - as Uncle Sam would express himself - "struck all of a heap." In brief, we "dropped down" - having unfortunately heard a harp played before, in our time. "Signor Caranzani, (1st violin to H. M. the King of Sardines,) though a queer looking fish, acquitted himself most satisfactorily, he is unquestionably master of that most difficult of instruments, and his execution is unusually brilliant. We were decidedly pleased with the Signor. Our fair friends, Mesdames Flower and Carandini, amply atoned for the disappointment generally expressed relative to "de Storr" of the evening; and the brothers Howson most ably seconded the endeavours of the ladies. The tootle-tooing of Mons. Longchamp, inasmuch as it was gratuitous, must not be cavilled at. "Never look a gift horse in the mouth," is an adage as old as the first present on record, viz.-that of Eve's first-born to his father. Mr. Evans Sloper's masterly performance on the Saxe Hore [sic] elicited much and deserved applause. The entertainments were prolonged almost to too late an hour; too much of a thing, however good, is surfeiting.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (18 March 1854), 5

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (6 May 1854), 3 

"PORT OF LAUNCESTON", Colonial Times (3 June 1854), 2

DEPARTURES. May 30 - . . . Barque John King, S. Ellis, for Mauritius. Passengers - Captain Cruanc, M. De Storr, Madame De Storr, Mr. N. M. Ellis . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Estudos brasileiros (1942), 110

. . . Madame de Storr tambem concorria no magistério artístico: dava liçoes de musica e harpa, de que fôra distinta aluna do célebre Bochsa. Fizera as delícias dos salões de París e Nápoles. Esta senhora foi muito apreciada tambem no Rio de de Janeiro, onde deu um concerto, a que se referiu o Jornal do Commercio de 10 de Agosto de 1840.

Orchard 1952, 51

A harpist, Madame de Storr, and a good singer, St. John Adcock, were active at this period, but more important was the arrival in that year [1853], via Hobart, of Charles S. Packer, pianist, organist and composer . . .

Eugenio Pereira Salas, Estudios sobre la historia del arte en Chile republicano (Santiago: Ediciones de la Universidad de Chile, 1992), 58

. . . Este sistema, precursor de la fotografía, fue conocido en Chile, y aún en 1842 puede leerse en la prensa los avisos de Madame de Storr, que se dice alumna de David, y que en su taller de la calle de Huérfanos ofrece "retratos de perfil hechos con máquinas".

Hallo 2014, 54, 79, 101-04, 200, 202 (DIGITISED)


Piano teacher, composer, traveller

Born ? Netherlands, 1793
Died Auckland, NZ, 8 July 1864, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"NEW MUSIC", Empire (26 May 1862), 4

. . . We may also notice that the lithography of some new music called the "Waitematta Polka," composed by Baron de Thierry, in allusion to a river of that name in New Zealand, has been most creditably executed by the same publisher [James Fussell], for Webb's eminent Music Hall, at Auckland.

Musical works:

The Waitemata polka (Sydney: James C. Fussell, n.d. [1862])

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Taylor, The past and present of New Zealand; with its prospects for the future (London: William Macintosh, 1868), 263-66

J. D. Raeside, "Thierry, Charles Philippe Hippolyte de", Dictionary of New Zealand biography 1 (1990)

"Charles de Thierry", Wikipedia 

DETRICK, Francis

Master of the Band of H. M. 73rd Regiment

Regiment arrived in Sydney, NSW, 28 December 1809 (per Dromedary)

Departed Sydney, NSW, March 1814 (for Ceylon)


The first battalion of the 73rd Regiment of Foot arrived in Sydney in December 1809 with the new Governor, Lachlan Macquarie, to restore good order after the Bligh affair. The Gazette first mentioned the band as playing God save the King (along with the band of the 102nd) at the disembarkation on 31 December. It was probably also the band that during a dinner at Government House on 16 January 1810 was positioned "in a corner of the viranda playing God save the King!, Rule Britannia! and other loyal airs." In addition to playing for government parades, dinners and balls, on departure for Ceylon Detrick and his 7 musicians received over £12 for performing the sacred music at St. Philip's Church over the previous 18 months.


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (31 December 1809), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 January 1810), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 May 1810), 2

"HIS MAJESTY'S BIRTHDAY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 June 1810), 2

In the evening the lawn in front of Government House was thrown open and instantly crowded by an immense number of the inhabitants . . . the fascination was rendered complete at the time by the numerous bits and pieces of music performed by the Band of the 73rd Regiment, which was stationed in the Hall of Government House.

"THE SUBSCRIBERS' BALL", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 October 1810), 2

"THE COMMEMORATION DINNER", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 January 1813), 2

At six the Company sat down to an excellent Dinner; during which the full Band of the 73d Regiment, under favor of the Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Colonel O'CONNELL, played a number of appropriate airs.

[Funeral of Lieutenant Ferguson], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 August 1813), 2

The funeral procession included most of the officers, civil and military, preceded by a Company of the 73d Regiment, and the full Band sounding a solemn dirge.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 February 1814), 2

"GOVERNMENT and GENERAL ORDERS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 April 1814), 2

Francis Detrick, Master of the Band of H. M. 73d Regiment, and seven other Musicians belonging to ditto, for performing sacred Music at the Church at Sydney, from the 1st of October, 1812, to 31st March, 1814."

1814 Apr 30 Paid from Police Fund for performing sacred music at the Church at Sydney (Reel 6038; SZ758 p.489)

Bibliography and resources:

Peter Richardson, "Military music in the colony of New South Wales, 1788-1850", Musicology Australia 1/1 (1964), 5-9

Joan Mansfield, "Australian church music - then and now", Gallery music: English church and chapel music of the 1700s and early 1800s (website)

Skinner 2011, 70

Jordan 2015, 10


Band of the 73rd Regiment

DETTMER, William

Pianoforte maker, tuner, repairer; musical instrument maker

Born London, ? 1772/3 or 1775

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 4 April 1849 (assisted, per Julindur, from Plymouth, 28 December 1848)
Died Windsor, NSW, 20 February 1858, aged 85 (for the last nine years in this colony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

JACKSON, John Dettmer Dodds (John DETTMER)

Piano tuner and repairer, music publisher, composer

Born St. Pancras, London, 31 July 1827
Arrived ? Sydney, 13 November 1848 (assisted passenger, on General Hewitt)
Active Sydney, by November 1848; active Hobart, by August 1850
Died Beaconsfield, TAS, 18 April 1901, aged 73 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

JACKSON, James Norris Newby

Pianoforte maker

Born St. Pancras, London 1831
Arrived Victoria, 1854


William Dettmer was son of the pianoforte maker George Dettmer (b. c.1750; active London by c.1800; d.1833), and "son" and active partner in the firm George Dettmer and Son by c.1820, if not earlier. In March 1828, six cases of pianofortes shipped by William Dettmer were landed at Sydney. In June 1839, William Dettmer's daughter (by his first wife, Mary Betts), the widowed Mrs. Caroline Green (b. London, 1803; d. Windsor, NSW, 1877) married Christopher Watkin May in St. Mary's Cathedral, Sydney.

Having been in financial trouble since 1845, in December 1848 a fiat of bankruptcy was filed against him in London, and that same month he sailed from England as an assisted emigrant on the Julindar, arriving in Sydney in April 1849, with two orphaned female grandchildren (Elizabeth Ann and Adelaide), sisters of his grandson John (below) who had arrived in Sydney 5 months earlier; a report on the Julindur immigrants duly records, among the "callings of the adult male immigrants . . . Pianoforte maker 1". William was 73 at the time, but gave his age as 59 probably to ensure eligibility for assisted passage.

He was the "Dettmer senior" (to distinguish himself from grandson John) who appears in Sydney advertisements for "George Dettmer and Son" from May 1849 onward. Whether he and John hoped to re-establish the Dettmer firm and brand in Sydney, they failed to so do. John resettled in Tasmania in 1850, and William, described as a "musical instrument maker", was newly insolvent in Sydney in February 1851. He advertised again as a "pianoforte maker, tuner and repairer" in December 1856, but died at the Mays's house near Windsor not much more than a year later in February 1858.

John was son of William's daughter, Elizabeth Dettmer Jackson (1803-1845) and Dr. John Jackson (1805-1840); after Dr. Jackson died, Elizabeth advertised as a professor of music; after her death, all four of her children, two girls in the care of their grandfather William, settled in Australia. John, having presumably been trained by his grandfather during the early 1840s, was the first of the Jackson children to arrive in Sydney in November 1848.

John Dettmer, as he chose to call himself doubtless for business reasons, first advertised in Sydney in February 1849 as a piano tuner and repairer of the London firm of George Dettmer and Son, and two months later his grandfather William also arrived in Sydney with John's two sisters (John once described himself as George Dettmer's grandson, though actually great grandson; he was William's grandson, as John's death notice confirms).

John appeared in Maria Hinckesman's Farewell Concert in February 1849, in the character of MASSA SAMBO, singing "(for the first time in this colony) some of the most popular Ethiopian Melodies (in character), and accompany himself on the 'Banjo' an instrument unknown in this country." A year after grandfather William's arrival, perhaps realising that in Sydney there was insufficient residual kudos associated with the name of Dettmer and too little business for the two of them, John relocated to Hobart, Tasmania, and set up in business as a tuner and repairer, first describing himself as "John Jackson from George Dettmer and Son", and later as John Jackson Dettmer, and ultimately John Dettmer Dodds Jackson.

In Launceston in November 1855, he advertised that he had published a local edition on D'Albert's "celebrated Como Quadrilles" (no copy of his print identified). Jackson "professor of music" of Launceston, formerly of Hobart, who was before the court in December 1857 for failing to pay maintenance to his estranged wife. He also lived for a time in Beaconsfield. He was insolvent in 1862.

But back in Sydney in 1873, he placed an advertisement stating that he was "not in any way connected with persons of a similar name" (who he was trying to distance himself from is unclear, if a relative perhaps his younger brother James Norris Newby Jackson, also formerly of the piano firm, and the last of the four siblings to emigrate, in his case to Victoria in 1854; he settled at on the goldfields (Maryborough and Talbot), describing himself on his children's birth-certificates as "pianoforte maker", but as a "restaurant keeper" when declared insolvent in March 1875).

In 1874 he sent a letter to the editor of the Herald recounting an encounter with the Tichborne claimant in Launceston in 1855. He dealt with the same subject in a 47-page pamphlet published the same year.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 March 1828), 1

[Patent] "TO WILLIAM DETTMER", Newton's London journal of arts and sciences 6 (1831), 329

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 June 1839), 3

"IMMIGRANTS PER GENERAL HEWITT", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1848), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1848), 1

The London Gazette 20926 (15 December 1848), 4562

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 February 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 March 1849), 1

"IMMIGRANTS PER JULINDUR", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1850), 1


[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 August 1850), 4

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (15 February 1851), 5

"NEW INSOLVENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1851), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (8 March 1851), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (7 May 1852), 4

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (23 September 1854), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (22 November 1855), 3

"COMO QUADRILLES", Launceston Examiner (24 November 1855), 2

"COMO QUADRILLES", The Cornwall Chronicle (1 December 1855), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 December 1856), 8

"MAINTENANCE", The Hobart Town Mercury (4 December 1857), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 February 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (5 July 1862), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1867), 1

"NEW GALOP", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (19 November 1867), 2

"GRAFTON AMATEUR BAND", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (10 December 1867), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1873), 9

"SIR ROGER TICHBORNE. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 November 1874), 5

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Argus (12 March 1875), 5

"DEATHS", Examiner (24 April 1901), 1

Literary works:

J. D. D. Jackson, Sir Roger Tichborne revealed! (Sydney: H. Garforth, Printer, 1885) (SL-VIC) (DIGITISED)

Musical works:

Brave boys, brave: welcome galop to the Galatea by J. D. D. Jackson (Sydney: Elvy & Co, [1867]) [for the visit of prince Alfred, duke of Edinburgh] (NLA) (DIGITISED)

Many thanks: For data supplied by Dettmer descendents Bill Piper (emails May 2013), Tricia and Leigh Haines (emails May 2013), and Robyn Lake (June 2015).

Bibliography and resources:

Robyn Annear, The man who lost himself: the unbelievable story of the Tichborne claimant (Text Publishing, 2011), 195-6 (PREVIEW)


Violin maker (by appointment to H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh, 1868)

Born London, c. 1815, son of John DEVEREUX and Sarah CALE
Married Mary Ann KENNEDY (d. VIC, 1874), c. 1835
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1854
Died Melbourne, VIC, 9 August 1883, aged 73 (TROVE tagged)


Professional musician, violinist

Born London, England, 18 January 1845; baptised St. Martin in the Fields, 1 October 1845, son of John DEVEREUX and Mary KENNEDY (d. VIC, 1874)
Died (suicide) Carlton, VIC, February 1874, aged 29 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


John Devereux was born in the London parish of St. Giles in the Fields, Camden, probably around 1815, according to the details he gave in the 1841 census; a plasterer by trade, he was then living with his wife, Mary Ann Higginson, at Charing Cross, in the parish of St. Martin in the fields. Their only surviving child, John Robert Devereux was born there in 1845. According to their respective Victorian death certificates, the Devereuxs arrived in Melbourne in 1853 or 1854. John senior is the first positively documented in the colony, in November 1856, exhibiting 2 doubles basses and several violins at the Victorian Industrial Exhibition. John Robert Devereaux, junior, was active professionally as a second violinist in the Lyster Opera Company in May 1867.

John Devereux has long been supposed to have been associated, in London, with the workshop of Bernard Simon Fendt the younger (1801-1852), however no independent contemporary documentation has been identified to prove this. Nevertheless, several double basses of English provenance have been attibuted to him.

As to his Australian productions, one of the two double basses he exhibited at the 1856 exhibition perhaps survives in the Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney. According to a much later recollection (1928), in 1861 he produced a complete quartet of instruments (violin, viola, cello, and bass), the first such made in Australia, for Henry Gover. In 1867-68, the violinists Nicholas La Feuillade and Barnett Levy both reportedly played his instruments. Among other noted colonial musicians said to have owned or used Devereux instruments were Henry Curtis, George Weston, and Ernest Jager.

It was much later reported that Richard Gilmore (c. 1839-1884), who also made bagpipes, made several violins under Devereux's tutelage.


1841, English census; London, St. Martin in the Fields, Charring Cross, page 22; UK National Acrhives HO 107 / 739 / 1 

Longs Court / John Devereux / 25 / Plasterer / [born in same county]
Mary Ann [Devereux] / 25 / [born in same county]

1851, 30 March, English census; St. Giles in the Fields; UK National Acrhives HO 107 / 1508 

No. 27 Little St. / Andrew St. / 10 / John Devereux / Head / 36 / Musical instrument maker / [born] St. Giles
Mary Devereux / Wife / 37 / Wife & do. [Musical instrument maker] / Wandsworth, Surrey
John Devereux / Son / 6 / Scholar / St Martins West . . .


. . . Mr. John Devereux, of 16 Marion street, Collingwood (late of London), gains the large silver medal for a double-bass, a copy of that of Gaspar de Sarto [Salo], with improved tension bar. Mr. Devereux also exhibits a copy of Dragonetti's double-bass, and of several celebrated violins.

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 February 1861), 8 

JOHN DEVEREUX, VIOLIN, Violoncello and Double Bass MAKER, 18 Marion-street, Fitzroy-street, Collingwood. Bands provided.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 May 1867), 8 


"CURRENT TOPICS", Geelong Advertiser (3 June 1867), 2 

The name of the maker of the two colonial violins used by Mr. La Feuillade, is Mr. Devereux and not Devero as stated in our last, of Collingwood. The bed of one is made of American maple, and of the other colonial blackwood. The former has, of course, the finest grain, but the latter is by far the handsomest; it is beautifully polished, and the grain cut crosswise resembles a plaid ribbon.

[News], The Argus (15 January 1868), 5 

Mr. John Devereux of Fitzroy had an interview with His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, before his departure from the colony, and presented him with a beautiful violin of his own manufacture. His Royal Highness expressed himself much pleased with his present and listened attentively to Mr. Devereux's instructions relative to the pegs of the instrument, an invention of the maker. These are ingeniously constructed so as to prevent the slips which pegs of the oldfashioned pattern were liable to. The presentation fiddle is a copy of an old Italian instrument and was made out of a very handsome piece of sycamore wood. It is fitted with a chin-holder, which enables the performer to shift his hand without fear of the instrument slipping away.

Another invention is a tension bar in the inside, running from block to block, thereby strengthening it greatly and preventing it getting out of tune, changes of weather not affecting it in the slightest degree. His Royal Highness was pleased to appoint Mr. Devereux as his instrument maker in the colony, and promised that the necessary appointment should be forwarded from home. Mr. Devereux received the gold medal at the late Intercolonial Exhibition, for samples of his exceptional industry.

[News], The Argus (11 June 1868), 5

The following tradesmen who received appointments from His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, during his stay in Melbourne, have had their formal letters-patent delivered by the mail: - Mr. Robert U. Miller, of Collins-street, confectioner; Mr. T. K. Bennet, of Bourke-street, butcher; Mr. J. Devereux, violin-maker; and Mr. H. Watts, Bourke-strcet, perfumer to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh.

"COLONIAL VIOLINS", Bendigo Advertiser (5 December 1868), 2 

We were shown yesterday two violins manufactured by Mr. Devereux, of Melbourne, which certainly reflect the highest credit upon the maker. One of them is made of black wood, and is a very presentable instrument. Both have been bought by Mr. Monaghan and Mr Evans for L17 each; and these gentlemen are highly, pleased with the tone of the violins, which are fitted with patent pegs and patent bars, invented by Mr Devereux. Mr. Devereux's violins are superseding the English articles in the market, and have been used by such musical gentlemen as Levy, of the Theatre Royal, and N. La Feuillede. Mr. Devereux, as will be recollected, presented one of his violins to H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh, who was extremely pleased with it.

"THE MONTH", Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (4 January 1869), 2 

Mr. Devereux, of Melbourne, has recently manufactured two violins of excellent tone, fitted with patent pegs and bars, which have been purchased by two gentlemen of Sandhurst for £17 each. Mr. Devereux's instruments have received the approval of first-class violinists and are said to be superseding the English manufacture in this market.

"VIOLINS", Bendigo Advertiser (26 October 1872), 2 

It is not everybody who knows, or could even guess, the intrinsic value of a really first-class violin. La Feuillade, who ought to be as good an authority on this matter as anyone in the world, values his "old fiddle" at £80. There are violins in Melbourne, one or two, over 100 years old, and they are thought to be worth at least a pound for every year of their existence, for the older a fiddle made by a good maker is, the better it is. The best violin maker in this country La Feuillade says, is Devereaux of Fitzroy, and this gentleman can turn out a violin equal to any in the world. La Feuillade's celebrated fiddle is made by John Devereaux, and we all know what a splendid toned one it is.


Musical instruments have no recognised place in the catalogue, according to the system of classification adopted, yet there are several exhibited . . . Mr. John Devereux shows four violins, concerning which it is sufficient to say that his name is a guarantee for their quality. At present we do not know how these are to be judged . . .

[Funeral notice], The Argus (28 February 1874), 12

THE Friends of the late Mr. JOHN ROBERT DEVEREUX are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Melbourne General Cemetery. The funeral to move from his late residence, No. 1 Cornwall-terrace, Canning-street, Carlton, on Sunday, March 1, at 3 o'clock p.m. N.B. - The band of the Order of United Musicians are requested to attend. JOHN DALEY, undertaker, Latrobe and Spring streets, Melbourne.

[News], The Argus (28 February 1974), 7 

The city coroner (Dr. Youl) held an inquest on Friday, at Carlton, on the body of a man named Robert Devereux, aged 29 years, Margaret Devereux, wife of the deceased, stated that he had been very ill of late. On the 26th inst. he went out for a walk, and stayed away about two hours. When he came home he eat some arrowroot. About 5 o'clock a person called to see the deceased, and she went to look for him. He was found in the water-closet. The deceased was bleeding from a wound in the stomach. A carving-knife was lying on the floor beside him. Witness did not know of any reason for the deceased committing suicide. The deceased looked very wild at times. She had lived happily with her husband since she was married. John Devereux, father of the deceased, said his son was a professor of music, and had been married only about two months. He did not drink. The deceased bad been suffering from pain and dizziness in the head. The deceased had lent out his money and was in some anxiety about it, but he did not want for money. James Hore, a musician, said he was sent for on the afternoon of the 26th inst. to see the deceased. He found him dying from a wound in the stomach. The deceased said to his wife, "Oh, I am no man," and that every one had a down upon him. A doctor was sent for, but the deceased was dead before he arrived. The jury found that the deceased killed himself with a carving-knife while of unsound mind.

"MELBOURNE", Geelong Advertiser (28 February 1874), 3

A melancholy case of suicide in which the victim was a lately married violinist, named Devereaux, belonging to the Prince of Wales Opera House, took place yesterday, at Carlton. The deceased, who had been in low spirits for some few days past, was discovered in a water-closet adjoining his residence in a dying condition, the result of a stab in the abdomen. A carving knife which had been the instrument used lay near him, and the floor of the place was covered with blood. Before medical assistance could arrive life was extinct.

"DEATHS", The Argus (28 December 1874), 1 

DEVEREUX.- On the 26th inst., at her residence, 15 Marion street, Fitzroy, Mary Ann, the beloved wife of Mr. John Devereux, violin maker, aged 59 years.

"DEATHS", The Australian Sketcher (27 August 1883), 166

Devereux. - On the 9th inst, at the Benevolent Asylum, Hotham, Mr. John Devereux, late of Marion-street, Fitzroy, violin-maker, aged 73 years.

"BURIED", The Brisbane Courier (5 December 1883), 3

BURIED from Melbourne Benevolent Asylum, John Devereux, aged 73, native of London, and a famous violin maker. The Duke of Edinburgh, George Weston, Curtis, Jager, Zeplin, Riley, Lilley, Weiderman, Peters, and others, all use instruments made by the poor old fellow.

"JOHN DEVEREUX, VIOLIN MAKER. TO THE EDITOR", The Age (5 November 1928), 10 

Sir, - It is time that some acknowledgment was made of the work of a famous violin maker who honored Melbourne with his presence in the sixties in the last century. John Devereux lived in Fitzroy when the majority of his work was accomplished. He had been a London maker, where he apparently was well known and his work appreciated. The late Duke of Edinburgh was one of his patrons. His violins are becoming rare here. They have probably found their way back to London and perhaps New York. He was one of the finest workmen at violin making who ever lived. His work is on the same plane as Stradavarius. He was quite original in his ideas. He conceived the idea of putting a lateral bar in his violins not as is sometimes stated to strengthen his violins, but to enhance the sonority. He succeeded in accomplishing his object. The secret died with him.

There is a slander current that the wood of his violins was too thin, and this bar was to prevent them collapsing. This is not true. There is, as a matter of fact, plenty of timber in them. The late Mr. Nicholas la Feuillade used several of Devereux's fiddles at his orchestras. Many of your readers may remember la Feuillade at nigger minstrel shows. He was a great spirit, and I believe a personal friend of Devereux. Mr. Henry Curtis, violinist, will remember Devereux. The writer was recently shown a portrait of a quintet of instruments made by Devereux, and one of the violins was held by Master Hy. Curtis.

The tone and varnish of the violin leave nothing to be desired, and they are destined to rank with the greatest violins of the world.

It seems strange that Melbourne should not have done something to commemorate the work of this great man. I would suggest that the trustees of the National Museum should obtain one of Devereux's violins and place it on exhibition in the gallery. - Yours, &c., A. de CHIMAY, 31 Queen-street, 3rd Nov.

"JOHN DEVEREUX, VIOLIN MAKER", The Age (12 November 1828), 9

In a letter regarding John Devereux, violin maker, Mr. A. de Chimay states that there are some spurious instruments which bear the name of John Devereux, but not the real Iabel. Referring to the comments that the sound bar running laterally through Devereux's violins is not a new idea, the writer says he is not aware of any case where such bar has been used with such marked response in the sonority of tone - Mr. de Chimay has two small planes used by Devereux in making his violins, and is willing to donate them to the Public Library.

A letter from Mr. R. W. Bickett, of Ballarat, says that some time in the sixties Mr. Devereux presented Mr. W. Gooch (Mrs. Bickett's father) with a violin of his own make, and it passed into the hands ot his daughter, Mrs. C. Trewartha, now residing in Mildura. Mr. Walter Gude, the conductor, had a great admiration for the instrument. Mr. Bickett has found on the back of an old photograph the following information:- "These instruments were made by John Devereux in 1861 for Mr. Gover, being the first quartet ever made in the colonies with the fourth string, double bass, with colonial wood.


Double bass, John Devereux, [Melbourne, 1856]; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Violin, John Devereux, [Melbourne, 1869]; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Viola, John Devereux, Melbourne, 1869; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Violin, John Devereux, Melbourne, 1871; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Violin, John Devereux, [Melbourne]; National Museum of Australia, Canberra 


Medallion, awarded to John Devereux, Intercolonial Exhibition of Australasia, 1866-67; Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney 

Bibliography and resources:

James Fleming, The fiddle fancier's guide . . . (London, Haynes, Foucher & Co., 1892), 156 

Devereux, John, Melbourne. Contemporary. This is the only maker in Australia whose name I have seen. He formerly worked for B. S. Fendt. He certainly had a splendid guide.

H. R. Haweis, Old violins (Edinburgh: John Grant, 1905), 247 

Allan Coggins and Michael Lea, "Making it down under", The Strad 115/1371 (July 2004), 712-17

M. Lea, "By Appointment . . .John Devereux - Australia's first professional stringed instrument maker", Australiana 30/2 (May 2008), 11-17 

Allan Coggins, Violin and bow makers of Australia (Blackheath, 2009), 68-71

Thomas Martin, Martin Lawrence and George Martin, The English double bass (Arpeggio Publishing, 2018)

DE VIVO, Diego (Signor DE VIVO; Diego DE VIVO)

Agent, opera manager

Born Sarno, Italy, 8 January 1822
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 22 July 1875 (R.M.S. City of Melbourne, from San Francisco, 21 June)
Departed (2) Melbourne, VIC, 11 April 1876 (per Albion, for Dunedin, NZ)
Arrived (2) Sydney, NSW, 16 January 1880 (per R.M.S. Australia, from San Francisco)
Departed (2) Sydney, NSW, 2 November 1882 (per City of Sydney, for San Francisco)
Died New York, 11 August 1898, aged 76


[News] The Argus (28 July 1875), 4

We note the arrival in Melbourne of Signor D. de Vivo, the business manager of Mdlle. Ilma di Murska, who will follow in a few days. Signor de Vivo has brought with him from America Mr. Charles E. Pratt, pianist, and Signer Giammona, solo flautist. It is intended to give a series of grand concerts in the Melbourne Town-hall, beginning early in the ensuing month, when the great artiste Di Murska, of world-wide renown, will make acquaintance, for the first time, with the Melbourne audience. The professional support necessary to the requirements of these entertainments will be selected from local talent.

"SHIPPING", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 July 1875), 31

"THE OPERA", The Argus (18 March 1876), 8

We shall not probably hear any more of Signor de Vivo after this, and we may not allow him to part from us without a word in recognition of his good qualities. He has been fortunate in having to manage the business of the most gifted vocalist who has ever been here, but then he has managed it in such a way as shows that he is worthy of the association. If it were permissible to call business managers artists, we might apply that term to Signor De Vivo. The audience here are to a large extent indebted to him for their late enjoyment, and he owes to them such a measure of success as he never anticipated when he first started for Melbourne. When such high contracting parties separate with mutual expressions of satisfaction, it may be taken for granted that "business" has been well conducted. All the credit which belongs to this aspect of the case is due to Signor D. de Vivo, and he will be welcome again to Melbourne if at any future time he will do as well for us in the way of art-music as he has been able to do during the last six months.

[News], The Argus (12 April 1876), 4

Mdlle. de Murska and her company left Melbourne yesterday morning by the steamer Albion, which parted from Sandridge pier at 11 o'clock. The company consisted of the prima donna, Signor Rosnati, Signor Susini, Signor Giammona, and Mr. John Hill. Signor De Vivo was, in this instance, as in all others affecting the business interests of the troupe, the generalissimo.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1880), 5

We are informed that Signor de Vivo, who will be remembered as the agent of Ilma de Murska, left San Francisco for Australia in the present month. He comes to make arrangements for the Australian tour of the Carlotta Patti Company.

"SHIPPING. ARRIVALS", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 January 1880), 35

"The Theatres", The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (31 July 1880), 187

A new season of opera was commenced at the Opera-house on the 15th July under the joint management of Mr. W. S. Lyster and Signor De Vivo. Meyerbeer's "L'Africaine" was produced with success for three nights, under the baton of M. Charles Van Ghele.

"THE MONTAGUE-TURNER OPERA COMPANY", The Argus (18 March 1882), 11

The orchestra of the Montague Turner Company is under the able direction of M. Leon Caron, and the business management in the experienced hands of Signor D. de Vivo, who will arrive here by the Mero on the 22nd inst.

"CLEARANCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 November 1882), 6

"THE LOVES OF A CANTATRICE", Kalgoorlie Western Argus (11 March 1897), 10

"SNAP SHOTS", Freeman's Journal (22 October 1898), 16

A friend has sent me a New York paper containing a brief announcement of the death of Mr. Diego de Vivo, once a prominent figure in the musical world. He died miserably poor - paralysis and starvation - in his 76th year, and was buried at the expense of the American Actors' Fund. This was the man who brought Ilma Di Murska, "the Hungarian Nightingale," to Australia, and who afterwards piloted Carlotta Patti (Adelina's sister), and De Munck, the 'cellist, through the colonies. When I knew De Vivo he was a blaze of diamonds, and had a fine fat bank account. How strange it is that nearly all the artists and musical directors who visited Australia, and made heaps of money here, have ended life in a 'sensational' or pitiably pathetic manner! Ilma Di Murska died wretchedly in a garret in New York. Sussini, the bass - the last of the Lablache school of vocal giants - was run over by a cab and killed in London. Rosnati, the handsome operatic tenor, with one of the few 'clarion' voices of the age, died a pauper in a lunatic asylum in Italy; Dondi, the statuesque basso, was similarly unfortunate. Madame Patey fell down dead after singing the last verse of 'On the Banks of Allan Water' - ending 'a cold corpse lay she.' Remenyi, the violinist, lost his reason and died a few months ago, just as he had finished a perfectly 'mad' performance at a New York concert. Henri Ketten, the great and phenomenally successfuly pianist, went 'off his head,' and died miserably. Anna Bishop, once a brightstar, died in poverty, and the great Catherine Hayes, 'Ireland's Queen of Song,' whom Sims Reeves pronounced 'the finest Lucia of any coun try or any stage,' gave so generously to others that she had little or nothing for her own 'rainy day.' William Vincent Wallace, the composer of ' Maritana,' died in poverty.' De Vivo was in many respects a remarkable man. Your first glimpse of his face made you shiver. He could have played the part of Mephisto without any 'make up,' yet he was a jolly fellow; fond of good living, and a walking 'scrap-book' of funny stories. Intended for the priesthood, he became successively an architect, an Italian army officer, an instructor of gymnastics, and a newspaper proprietor, and in 1854 he was banished from Italy as a Republican. He then went to the United States, where he became secretary to Brignoli, the tenor. In 1868, the year after Carl Rosa married Parepa, De Vivo managed her first Californian tour, which brought in an immense profit, and he also managed the famous Parepa-Rosa-Wachtel opera season in New York in 1871. It was the success of this season which first induced Carl Rosa to try English opera in England. While Ilma di Murska had 'all Europe at her feet,' the Italian manager induced her to visit Australia. Later De Vivo brought out Carlotta Patti. He had struck up a friendship with poor Jim Hinchy in Sydney, and admiring his voice and style engaged the jovial tenor to sing at the brilliant Patti concerts, which were given in the Theatre Royal. De Vivo found it was anything but child's play to 'manage' Di Murska. Eccentric to the last degree, it was the wonderful singer's whim to carry what we called a 'menagerie' with her - all sorts of birds, cats, monkeys, and, I think, snakes. Her tastes were wild and peculiar. De Vivo shadowed her everywhere. It is just possible Du Maurier had seen them together in Paris, and that De Vivo's face suggested at least the portrait of Svengali as the author-artist has drawn it for us in 'Trilby.' While she was in Sydney, Di Murska married her colonial pianist, Alfred Anderson, a good-looking Jew who had been 'taken up' by the Duke of Edinburgh when he was here, and who used to cut a dashing figure 'on the block.' De Vivo opposed the match on business grounds, and persuaded his star that Anderson had simply fooled her in order to rob her. There was a tremendous 'burst up' over the matter in Melbourne, but Anderson proved the purity of his intentions by dying. True or false, De Vivo declared that Anderson had induced the famous singer to 'make over' everything to him. When the marriage took place, ill-natured people swore that the nightingale had already 'disposed' of four or five husbands, and that the portly Alfred would be sure to follow. When Anderson died, the report went the rounds that he had been poisoned. As a matter of fact, it was a simple case of apoplexy. He ate and drank too much. John Hill, sometime organist of St. Mary's Pro-Cathedral, succeeded Anderson as pianist of the Di Murska Company. He married Di Murska, and lived. And for all I know to the contrary, he is still above ground.

Bibliography and resources:

Mauro Bucarelli, "DE VIVO, Diego", Dizionario biografico degli Italiani 39 (1991)


Band-sergeant, bandmaster, composer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1870
Died at his residence "Rienzi", Kensington, NSW, 17 September 1920, aged 72


"PRESENTATION", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1870), 4

"VOLUNTEER ARTILLERY", Empire (9 July 1870), 2

; "MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 October 1876), 5

"MR. H. L'ESTRANGE'S TESTIMONIAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 April 1877), 4

"HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1878), 5

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1879), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1920), 12

"OBITUARY", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 September 1920), 14

Mr. John Devlin, the well-known bandmaster and adjudicator, died at his home at Baker-street, Kensington, as a result of sudden illness yesterday morning. He was 72 years of age. In his capacity of adjudicator in band contests Mr. Devlin had visited all the capital cities and many of the country centres of Australia, and had also officiated at contests in New Zealand. He had arranged a number of selections for contests and for music publishers. He formed and trained the New South Wales Fire Brigades' Band, and remained conductor of it and of the bands of St. Joseph's College and St. Ignatius College, Hunter's Hill. Other bands of which he had been conductor included the old Naval Brigade Band (for about 30 years), Newtown Model Band, Moss Vale Band, the Young Australia Band, the Albion Band, and the Ryde Band.


Tenor vocalist

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by December 1867
Departed Melbourne, VIC, after September 1871 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Devoti was Primo Tenore of La Compagnia Lirica Italia, Lyster's Italian Opera Company (with Giuseppe Bertoloni, Pietro di Antoni, Ida Vitali, and Guilia Colombo), that opened in Melbourne with Ernani in January 1868. According to the Sydney Herald in August 1869 (reprinted in The Musical World):

Probably not one in fifty of Signor Ugo Devoti's hearers have more than the faintest glimmering of the "sense" of anything which that gentleman sings; but there is an irresistible charm in the "sound" of the accomplished Italian's voice, and in the expressiveness of his manner, which has made him the idol of Sydney concert-goers. He sang nearly half-a-dozen operatic selections last night with immense bravo.

Devoti's Sydney pupils (1869-71) included a Miss Walsh, Laurence Simmons, Florence Ryall, and Georgina Vernon. He last performed in Melbourne in September 1871, after which he reportedly sailed for Calcutta.

In 1854 an Ottavia Devoti was the mother of Roberto Hazon.


[News], The Argus (4 December 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 January 1868), 8

"THE OPERA. ERNANI", The Argus (7 January 1868), 5

"MR. C. E. HORSLEY", The Musical World (16 October 1869), 716

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1869), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1871), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 September 1871), 8

[News], The Argus (19 March 1872), 5

"MUSIC", The Australian Sketcher (17 May 1873), 23

"AUSTRALIANS IN AUSTRALIA. OVER OLD GROUND. II", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1887), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 144-56, 237, 252

DIBDIN, Charles Aleaxander

Amateur pianist, playwright, actor, pharmacist, surgeon

Born England; ? Westminster, London, 6 March 1815; ? by 1825 (son of Thomas John DIBDIN and Ann HILLIER)
Active Sydney NSW, by 1842
Acyive Windsor, NSW, by 1846
Died Adelong, NSW, 1868, "age 43" [53] (BDM NSW) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 May 1842), 2 

. . . IN PREPARATION, An original Drama in three Acts, founded on a Tale in the Pickwick Papers, and entitled The Queer Client; or the Avenger. Written by Mr.C. Dibdin expressly for this Theatre, and produced under the special license of the Honourable the Colonial Secretary . . .

"THE THEATRE", Australasian Chronicle (21 May 1842), 2 

A new piece entitled the " Queer Client," founded upon one of Mr. Dickens' episodes in Pickwick, has just been brought out at the Victoria. It is from the pen of a young colonial author, the grandson, we are informed, of the celebrated T. Dibdin. We witnessed the per- formance of it last night, and are not sorry to say that we dissent altogether from the indiscriminate condemnation which we have elsewhere seen pro- nounced upon it. Whatever opinion we may have of the ordinary practice of dramatising popular fictions of the day, we cannot in fairness deny that the " Queer Client" is equal to the average of such productions, and superior to very many of them. The wriler may yet do greater things. The character of the Queer Client was well sustained by Knowles, and the lawyer Lapwing and his jealous wife were also happy; but we think Mr. Simmons entirely overdid the dealer in " new taties."

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (25 February 1843), 4 

. . . Just published, the Queer Client, by Dibdin, and Salathiel, the Jewish Chieftain, by Knowles . . .

"WINDSOR . . . COURT OF REQUESTS . . . THE NEW SITTINGS . . . ELLARD v. WHITE", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 May 1846), 3 

This was an action brought by the plaintiff, Francis Ellard, music-seller, of Sydney, against Laban White, of Windsor, to recover the sum of £12, for work done to, and materials for, the repair of a pianoforte on the 8th January last, and carriage of same to and from Sydney and Windsor, as per agreement . . .

. . . Witnesses were then called on the part of the plaintiff, who proved that the defendant on the 1st of October agreed with the plaintiff to repair the piano at any expense. The piano had been broken in the room of the United Loyal Hawkesbury Lodge of Odd Fellows, but did not belong to the Lodge. The piano was repaired after being two or three months in hand, and was sent back to Windsor. A witness for the defence swore that he once tuned the same piano, and that he was paid by the Lodge. The reasonableness of the charges for repairing and carriage were proven by several witnesses.

. . . The piano was placed and kept in the lodge room, and on the meetings of the lodge was played upon by Mr. Dibdin (one of the witnesses). It failed, however, by some accident to give its wonted sounds, and it now appeared that instead of being the means of producing the harmony intended, it was the instrument of discord . . .

"NEWS OF THE WEEK", The Gundagai Times and Tumut, Adelong and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (22 August 1868), 2 

The "Yass Courier" writes of Dr Dibdin : - "Deceased, who was grandson of the celebrated Charles Dibdin, the nautical lyrist, and son of Thomas Dibdin, also well known in the same line of literature, resided for many years in Sydney, where he was assistant to the late Dr. McKay; in Goulburn, where he kept a chemist's shop; and at Adelong and Gundagai, where he practised as a surgeon. He was an agreeable mid intelligent companion, full of true drollery, and a living depository of anecdote anent music and the stage. Peace be to his manes."

[News], The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (9 September 1868), 2 

Mr. C. A. Dibdin, grandson of Charles Dibdin, the celebrated nautical lyrist, has lately died at Adelong. The deceased gentleman was formerly a druggist in this city.


The queer client, a drama in three acts by Charles Dibdin (Sydney: William Baker, 1842) 

Bibliography and resources:

Joseph Woodfall Ebsworth,‎"Dibdin, Charles", Dictionary of national biography (1885-1900), vol. 15,_Charles_(DNB00)

Joseph Woodfall Ebsworth,‎"Dibdin, Thomas John", Dictionary of national biography (1885-1900), vol. 15,_Thomas_John_(DNB00)

DICKER, Frederick Hamilton (also performed as Frederick HAMILTON, F. HAMILTON)

Tenor vocalist, horn and cornet player, songwriter, litigant

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by September 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Frederick Hamilton Dicker was a tenor singer who toured with Flora Harris and Miska Hauser, and participated in what was later counted as the first professional concerts in Brisbane late in 1854. Lewis Lavenu's Australian compositions included a song for Catherine Hayes, A tribute to Australia ("Fair land of Australia") "written expressly for this occasion by F. H. Dicker, and music composed by M. Lavenu", in Sydney in October 1854.

Most famously, however, Dicker and Harris co-accused Daniel Deniehy of lèse majestéat concerts in Goulburn in 1855.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 September 1853), 5

"MORETON BAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1854), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 October 1854), 1

"MISS HAYES' CHARITY FAREWELL CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 October 1854), 5


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (4 November 1854), 1

"IPSWICH", The Moreton Bay Courier (2 December 1854), 2

There was a ballad by Miss Harris; a duet, "I know a Bank" [Horn], by Messrs. Hancock and Dicker; a performance on the Horn, by Mr. Dicker, with a little obligation on the Piano by Miss Harris. (1855) On Thursday last, the Police Court was thronged to hear the proceedings instituted by Mr. Daniel Henry Deniehy, gentleman, one, &c., residing at Goulburn, against Miss Flora Harris, a lady of considerable vocal attainments, and Mr. Frederick Hamilton Dicker, on an information filed by the said Deniehy, charging the said persons with wilful and corrupt perjury. Miss Harris, accompanied by her father, and Mr. Darcy, of the Freeman's Journal office, appeared on the floor of the Court. The other defendant failing to appear on his name being called, an application was made for a warrant for his apprehension, which was granted. Mr. James Martin appeared to prosecute . . . He stated that some months since, Miska Hauser and Miss Flora Harris gave a series of Concerts at Goulburn: after which, a critique, written by the prosecutor in the present case, appeared in the Goulburn Herald . . . One of the affidavits sworn to by Miss Flora Harris, set forth that at nearly the termination of one of the concerts, and previous to the National Anthem being sung, Deniehy took up his hat, and said to [A. W.] Doak, "Come along; don't let us stay to listen to such damnable infernal trash" . . . [Deniehy] denied the truth of the affidavit made; he denied he that [he] had ever spoken of the National Anthem as "damnable and infernal trash". Witness had his own opinion about the National Anthem, but never expressed it either to Doak or any one else . . . had Miss Harris heard the words uttered they must have been heard by every person in the room . . . Henry Zouch deposed that he is a Magistrate of the territory and Commandant of the Patrol on the Southern Road; attended all of Miska Hauser's concerts in Goulburn, with the exception of one; on every occasion of visiting them saw Mr. Deniehy there; never heard him express an opinion respecting the National Anthem . . . witness was there to watch Mr. Deniehy; a watch was kept on him; it was expected that he would be kicked out of the concert room, as it had been the talk of the town that he had sat down at a concert given by Alle Ben Sou Alli [sic] while the National Anthem was being sung . . .

"THE LITTLE PERJURY CASE", Bell's Life in Sydney (4 August 1855), 2

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 August 1855), 4

"ALLEGED PERJURY", Bell's Life in Sydney (11 August 1855), 3

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1855), 5

"A STATEMENT OF MR. D. H. DENIEHY'S", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1859), 5

[D. H. Deniehy]: "To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1859), 6

[Letter]: "To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 January 1859), 3

"IN THE 50'S. MUSIC IN BRISBANE. FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", The Brisbane Courier (17 September 1929), 1


Musician, guitar teacher

Active Adelaide, SA, 1854

DIETRICH, Herr (? August)

Band-leader, manager

Active Adelaide, SA, 1855


In Adelaide in October 1854, a MR. DIETRICH advertised that he had "some hours free to give LESSONS in playing the GUITAR".

In May 1855, a Mr. Dietrich (possibly August Dietrich) advertised as manager of the "celebrated BAND, newly arrived by the Ship August, from Hamburg".


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (26 October 1854), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (10 May 1855), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 May 1855), 3

DIGGLES, Silvester

Musician, teacher, piano tuner, artist

Born Liverpool, England, 24 January 1817
Arrived Brisbane, NSW (QLD), November 1853
Died Kangaroo Point, Brisbane, QLD, 21 March 1880, aged 64 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


When Miska Hauser, Flora Harris, and Charles Packer visited Brisbane in 1855, their concert program notably included a Grand Extemporaneous Performance on the Harmonium. Their collaborator on this occasion was a recently arrived local, Silvester Diggles, professor of music, and one of Brisbane's earliest resident composers.

Having founded the Brisbane Choral Society early in 1859, Diggles's vocal quartette Child of the sun was included on the program of its first concert in May. In October, The Morton Bay Courier printed some new lyrics to be sung to the tune of Henry Bishop's Home Sweet Home, described as a "new version composed for the Brisbane Choral Society", and which was sung in public in November. Exceptionally, at least some of the music of this arrangement (and possibly much other music besides) survives in a lithographed partbook, now in a private collection, the setting harmonised by Diggles, and the words by Theophilus Pugh: ". . . Home, home, Sweet, sweet home; / We love thee dear Queensland our new southern home."

Diggles's greatest work, non-musical, is his pioneering Ornithology of Australia, published in 1866. In 1868 he also composed a Welcome ode for the visiting Prince Alfred.


[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (17 March 1855), 3

"MARRIED", The Moreton Bay Courier (27 January 1858), 2

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (4 May 1859), 3

"Poetry. HOME, SWEET HOME. A NEW VERSION. (Composed for the Brisbane Choral Society)", The Moreton Bay Courier (15 October 1859), 4

[Advertisement]: "Brisbane Choral Society", The Moreton Bay Courier (30 November 1859), 3

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (27 February 1868), 1

[News], The Brisbane Courier (28 February 1868), 2

"A FEW WORDS ABOUT THE ODE", The Brisbane Courier (25 March 1868), 3

"Death of Mr. Sylvester Diggles", The Queenslander (27 March 1880), 390

Bibliography and resources:

E. N. Marks, "Diggles, Silvester (1817-1880)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

Rod Fisher, "Silvester Diggles: Brisbane's pioneer musician, scientist, artist and new churchman", Journal of the Royal Historical Society of Queensland (May 2000), 271-86 

"Silvester Diggles", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

"Diggles, Silvester (1817-1880)", Encyclopedia of Australian Science 

Rod Fisher, Boosting Brisbane: imprinting the colonial capital of Queensland (Brisbane: Boolarong Press and Brisbane History Group, 2009), 167 (image of Home Sweet Home), and source citation 287 (PREVIEW)

DIGHT, Edward (Mr. DIGHT; Mr. E. DIGHT)

Actor, vocalist, publican

Active Sydney, NSW, 1830s


"Original Correspondence. THEATRE. To the Editors of . . .", The Sydney Herald (12 June 1836), 2 

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 April 1836), 2 

The benefit of the talented manager of the Sydney Theatre, Mr. Simmons, will take place on Monday, next; he has engaged to assist, among other amateurs, Mr. Dight, so well known to the vocal world . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (8 April 1836), 3 

When will be produced for the first time at this Theatre, the celebrated interesting domestic drama, in three acts, called
"Rule Britannia," verse and chorus, by the whole vocal strength of the company.
Duet, "Minute Gun at Sea." Messrs. KNOWLES and GROVE.
Song, "Another Hour." - MRS. CHESTER.
Comic Song in character, "Jack Robinson," By MR. SIMMONS.
Song, "The Ladies, God bless them." - MR. DIGHT.
(Who has kindly proffered his services for this night only.)

DINGWALL, William B.

Vocalist, choirmaster, stone mason

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1854
Died Sydney, NSW, 23 December 1884 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Empire (7 November 1854), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1854), 1 

GRAND SCOTTISH ENTERTAINMENT, School of Arts- Programme of Mr McFARLANE'S Concert, THIS EVENING, November 13, 1854.
Scottish Glee - "Marjory Miller" (R. A. Smith) - McFarlane, Dingwall, and Hall
Song - "John Anderson my jo" (Burns) - Dingwall
Song - "Wha'll be King but Charlie (Jacobite) - Horn.
Comic Song "Kate Dalrymple." (A. Rogers) - McFarlane
Song - "My ain Fireside" (Hamilton) - Dingwall
Song - "The Postilion of Lonjumeau" (From the German) - Horn
Scotch Ballad "The Humours of Glasgow Fair" - McFarlane
An interval of fifteen minutes.
Song - "All the Blue Bonnets" - Dingwall
Song - "Wha wadna fecht for Charlie" (Jacobite) - Horn
Comic Song - "Heather Jock" - McFarlane
Song - "Ratlin Roaring Willie" (Burns) - Horn
Song - "O! are ye sleepin, Maggie" (Tannahill) - Dingwall
Scottish Song and Recitation, in character - The Laird o' Luggihead on the Marriage Question, Song, "Marry for Love and Work for Siller" - McFarlane
Finale, 8ong and Chorus "Auld Lang Syne" McFarlane, Horn, Dingwall, and Audience
Mrs. SHAW, Planiste . . .

"IN MEMORIAM", Evening News (23 December 1892), 4 

DINGWALL. - In sad but loving memory of my dear father, William B. Dingwall, choir master, who died December 23, 1885 [recte 1884], aged 55 years. Inserted by his loving daughter, Annie Wilson.

DITTMAR, Wilhelm Heinrick Christoff

Amateur vocalist (founder member of Adelaide Liedertafel)

Born Germany, 27 April 1830
Arrived Adelaide, SA, May 1855
Died Adelaide, SA, 29 June 1906


"OBITUARY", Chronicle (30 June 1906), 40 

The death occurred on Friday of Mr. Wilhelm Heinrick Christoff Dittmar, the well-known baker and confectioner, of Freeman-street. Mr. Dittmar was a native of Germany and arrived in South Australia in May, 1856. He was born on April 27, 1830. On his arrival he was employed by Messrs. Gerke & Rodemann, of Rundle-street, and after, three years with them went to Tanunda. He subsequently started in business on his own account at Angaston, where he was married in 1859. Later he came to Adelaide and established a business in Rundle-street. After 13 1/2 years he started the present business in Freeman-street, which has been in existence for nearly 30 years. The deceased gentleman left a family of five sons and two daughters, two of the former being married. All the family reside in Adelaide. Mr. Dittmar never entered into public life, but was an original member of the German Club and the Liedertafel.

DIXON, Frederick (Mr. DIXON; Mr. F. DIXON)

Tenor vocalist, comic singer

Active Melbourne, VIC, by January 1855; to c. 1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (8 January 1855), 8 

WANTED,-To all to whom these presents shall come. - Whereas, at the St. Lawrence Hotel, Gertrude-street, a Free Concert will be held to-night under the auspices of Tom King, the well-known vocalist and pianist; Mr. Clifford, of Her Majesty's Theatre and Italian Opera; Mr. Dixon, the favourite tenor; and, though last not least, the Raal Ould Irish Gentleman; and a host of talent not to be enumerated within the limits of an advertisement.

DOANE, Joseph Atwood

Amateur musician, lecturer on music, architect

Born Barrington, Nova Scotia, 5 October 1823
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1855
Died VIC, 14 November 1901


A Canadian by birth, Doane was in Ballarat by 1855, and in 1859 was involved in the Ballarat Philharmonic Society. In 1864 it was reported:

Mr. Doane, Mayor of Ballarat West, has engaged to give a course of twelve lessons in music on the Pestalozzian system, and for the benefit of the funds of the Mechanics' Institute.

Mr. Doane's first music lesson . . . was given on Tuesday evening. There were between thirty and forty persons present, and all or nearly all were adults, the sexes being about equally represented . . . Mr. Doane has a quiet, deliberate, careful, repetitive manner in the class which is admirably adapted to learners . . .


"WESLEYAN CHURCH SCHOOLS", The Star (17 September 1857), 2

"BALLARAT PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Star (18 November 1859), 2

"WESLEY CHURCH. MUSICAL CELEBRATION", The Star (25 August 1860), 2

"WESLEYAN SCHOOL FESTIVAL", The Star (6 April 1863), 4


"SOCIAL", The Star (26 August 1864), 1s

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (7 September 1864), 2

"DEATHS", The Argus (18 November 1901), 1



Active Sydney, NSW, June 1844


A member of the band at Coppin's Saloon in Sydney in June 1844. Like some other players on the occasion, he may have been a member of the Royal Victoria Theatre band.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1844), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1844), 1

DOLMAN, William Alfred

Bookseller, editor and publisher of several local Catholic hymnbooks

Born St. Omer, France, 26 December 1831
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 1853
Died Sydney, NSW, 31 May 1902, aged 70


Brother of the London Catholic publisher, Charles Dolman, he published various local editions of collections of Catholic hymns, litanies &c between 1856 and 1862). How much, if any, of the content was distinctive or original, editorially or otherwise, or merely reprints of imported books, is not known. His daughter Mary was an amateur singer, married in turn to choir singer Peter Campbell Curtis and professional musician Raimund Pechotsch. His grandson Raimund Pechotsch junior was also a violinist.


"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 December 1853), 5

"CATHOLIC HYMNS", Freeman's Journal (28 June 1856), 4

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (28 June 1856), 1

"NEW HYMN BOOK", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 June 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (27 June 1857), 3

"REVIEW", Freeman's Journal (4 July 1857), 4

"CATHOLIC HYMNS", Freeman's Journal (28 November 1857), 2

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (28 November 1857), 1

"MUSICAL NOTICE", Freeman's Journal (12 December 1857), 4

"REVIEW", Freeman's Journal (29 October 1859), 2

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (29 October 1859), 4

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (27 August 1862), 7

"THE BOY VIOLINIST", Freeman's Journal (14 August 1897), 16 

"DEATH OF MR. W. DOLMAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1902), 6

"WILLIAM DOLMAN", Freeman's Journal (7 June 1902), 21

"THE LATE MR. W. DOLMAN", Freeman's Journal (7 June 1902), 23

Bibliography and resources:

DOMENY DE RIENZI, Grégoire Louis

Observer and transcriber of Indigenous chant

Born France 1789 ?
Landed in Arnhem Land, North Australia, c.1830
Died France, 1843 (NLA persistent identifier)


The explorer and ethnographer Chavalier Domeny de Rienzi had arrived at Bombay, via the Red Sea, late in 1825. He later travelled into South East Asia, and presumably collected this Air australien des sauvages de la terre d'Arnheim having landed in Arnhem Land around 1830. It was published in his Oceanie; ou cinquieme partie du monde . . . Tome premier (Paris: Firmin Didot Frères, 1836), 81.


"CHEVALIER DE RIENZI", The Asiatic Journal (February 1826), 240

Bibliography and resources:

"G. L. Domeny de Rienzi", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

DON, Emily Eliza (Miss SAUNDERS; wife of William DON; Lady DON)

Actor, vocalist

Arrived (1) Melbourne, VIC, 16 December 1860 (per Blue Jacket, from Liverpool, 24 September)
Departed (1) Melbourne, VIC, 26 May 1862 (per Lincolnshire, for England)
Arrived (2) Melbourne, VIC, May 1864
Departed (2) Sydney, NSW, 15 January 1866 (per Otago, via Nelson, New Zealand, for California)
Died England, 1875 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Nathan claimed, on its publication in mid 1861, to have composed his Tennyson setting Circumstance for her, though there is no evidence that she ever sang it in public; in April 1861, W. J. Johnson published the Scottish song My Johnny was a shoe-maker, as "sung by Lady Don", in a new arrangement by Charles Packer; and in Sydney in June 1861, J. R. Clarke John Winterbottom's The Lady Don valse. William Don died in Hobart, TAS, on 19 March 1862, aged 36


[News], The Argus (18 February 1861), 5 

Lady Don was welcomed by a bumper house on the occasion of her benefit at the Theatre Royal on Saturday night, and her reception in all parts of the audience was unusually flattering. The character of Josephine, in "The Child of the Regiment," was that in which she made her first appearance before the public of Melbourne, and is one eminently suited to her talents. The incidental songs, especially "Ask me not why," and the famous "Rataplan," were given with all her accustomed finish and vivacity . . . "The Good for Nothing" came last, in which Lady Don made an extraordinary hit in a comic song entitled "My Johnny was a Shoemaker," which was sung with so much point and raciness that she was compelled to submit to a double encore . . .

"Lady Don", The Herald (27 September 1875), 3 

The morning papers announce the death of this favorite actress, in England. Lady Don was the daughter of an actor named Saunders, well known in London. Miss Saunders went upon the stage, as might have been expected,, and quickly rose to celebrity through her beautiful voice in singing. The late Sir William Don, as a man about town, became acquainted with the young actress; and married her. His finances ran to a low ebb, whereupon he startled his relatives by taking to the stage. Sir William and Lady Don became great stars in the profession. In the height of their fnme they came to Australia, fifteen years ago, appearing at the Theatre Royal. Sir William Don mainly attracted notice from his extraordinary height, being over six feet and a half. His acting was described as "Buckstone magnified, with an infusion of Compton." It cannot be said that his powers were great, but he was very amusing as Long Tom Coffin, Dandie Dinmont, and other characters. Lady Don was recognised as one of the finest singers ever heard in Australia. Sir William Don died in Tasmania, about eighteen months after arriving here. Lady Don returned to England, and took up her abode with Sir William's relatives. Afterwards she reappeared on the stage, and visited Australia again. She played very successfully at the Haymarket Theatre, Melbourne. Then her ladyship went to England once more, and performed in all parts of the United Kingdom. She took her passage for Melbourne in the Northumberland, somewhere about two years, ago, but forfeited the passage money. Lady Don did not maintain her high level in the profession to the last, but was reduced to appear at minor places of amusement. Her age would be about forty-five years.

DONDI, Enrico

Bass vocalist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, December 1869
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 4 November 1875 (per Pera, for Europe)


[News], The Argus (27 November 1869), 4

"THE OPERA TROUPE FOR AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1869), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (26 September 1875), 12

[News], The Argus (5 November 1875), 5




Active Melbourne, VIC, 1864


M. B. Dott's The volunteer polka appeared in The Illustrated Melbourne Post (25 April 1864)


Cellist, harmonium player, composer

Born France, 1836
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, August 1861
Departed Melbourne, VIC, July 1864
Died France, 1877



Having been playing together in Paris since as early as 1856, Douay and Poussard appeared in London in 1860. In 1861 they sailed to Australia, and gave their first concerts in Melbourne, then touring Victoria and South Australia before going to New Zealand.

Their portmanteau musical entertainment Dead Heroes, celebrating and commemorating the Burke and Wills expedition, was a major part of their Australian concerts, and later also in New Zealand. In Adelaide in November 1862, Douay added to it a Homage composed (impromptu) and dedicated to McKinlay and Party (by Mon. Rene Douay and translated (from the French) by R. G. Wooldridge Esq.), however no original music survives, along with a few indications of pre-existing works that formed part of it (see below).

In 1864, Douay, suffered a mental breakdown in Melbourne and was sent home to France, there to remain in an asylum for the rest of his life.


"Aus Paris", Süddeutsche Musik-Zeitung 7/11 (15 March 1858), 43

"MM. RENÉ DOUAY AND HORACE POUSSARD'S MATINÉE MUSICALE (July 10)", The Musical World (28 July 1860), 480

[News], The Argus (19 August 1861), 4

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (31 May 1862), 2

The last piece deserves especial notice, being variations recently composed by M. Douay, on Wallace's "Sweet Spirit, Hear my Prayer", and played for the first time on Friday evening. M. Douay recently advertised the song (in Adelaide), and having obtained a copy, composed the variations, and brought them out with brilliant success a few days after. It was a beautiful composition, and exquisitely performed.

"LAST NIGHT'S CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 November 1862), 2


The first performance of this popular and striking composition took place in the Provincial Hall on Tuesday . . . "The Dead Heroes" - has not been inaptly termed a "musical poem"; and it is so, just as the doings and painful fate of the Australian explorers, Burke, Wills, and King, and their compatriots, form a sad tragic poem of colonization. Throughout the piece the attention of the audience was silently rivetted, and the moods of mind and feeling were changed as the progress and changes of the poem became developed. We can give here but a brief analysis of the piece which is the production of the united efforts of Messrs. Poussard and Douay's abilities as composers. The synopsis given in the programme helps the audience to follow the rationale of the composition, and the music insensibly carries them through the progress of the unfortunate expedition until a lingering and painful death terminates the career of the last but one of that brave band of explorers.

The following points are what the music describes: -

Preparations for departure of the expedition - Adieu - Start - Songs of the birds - Evening - Recollections of home -The route - Storm - The hot winds - Work accomplished - The departure from Carpentaria - Sufferings of the explorers - Hope - Cooper's Creek - Deserted depot - Despair - Approach of death - Heavenly music - Prayer - Closed eyes.

The hurry of departure is represented by a quick movement indicative of bustle. This glides into a sad air descriptive of sorrow and parting, then follows the popular marching air of "Cheer boys, cheer," so applicable to those who leave the comforts of an advanced civilization to explore an unknown region, the departure of the expedition being well shown by the gradual dying of the air from the tumultuous tones of its immediate presence to the happy mildest pianissimo, which dies out in the far off distance, reminding the hearer of Berger's effective composition, "The Band Passes". The song of birds is excellently imitated, and the coming of the "twilight hour", reduced to a few minutes on this side the world, is indicated and succeeded by "Recollections of Home", which the repose of the evening would afford time for conjuring up, and which find expression in the never tiring strains of "Home, sweet home." The continuance of the march next morning is followed by a storm, by the hot wind causing suffering and exhaustion to the men, and terror and danger to the horses and camels. This scene is a portrayal of suffering; and you seem, to hear its wail. Then there comes the joy of discovery of the great Indian Ocean, the accomplishment of the great object of the journey, and the attempted return home; which latter was a long course of fatal trial and death; the wretchedness of disappointment on arriving at the deserted depot being followed by the calmness of despair and resignation to the fate that overtook so many. The "last scene of all" is painfully touching to all who know the sad story. The sweet affectionate air "My own dear native isle", the air to whose notes the African explorer Lander listened as he died in the far interior of Africa, with only one white friend by him, being here effectively introduced and replaced by the strains of "Heavenly music" as earthly feelings seem to pass away. It is almost a relief when this piece is over, the melancholy ending and the ideas that throng the mind as the music goes on to its close being too intense for long continuance.

The composition is a credit to the talent of the composers, and its performance is a great success. There is one point in the music worth notice, and that is that the organ swell introduced in the latter part, indicative of heavenly music, was rather too strong on Tuesday night, and would require modifying. This is the only suspicion of a fault we have to hint throughout the entire piece, and it is one easily remedied. . . . A musical performance more sustained and effective than the "Dead Heroes" was never before listened to in Nelson.

"MESSRS. POUSSARD & DOUAY", South Australian Register (13 July 1864), 2

"MESSRS. POUSSARD & DOUAY", South Australian Register (8 August 1864), 2

"MESSRS. POUSSARD & DOUAY", Launceston Examiner (25 August 1864), 5

Owing to mental aberration of Mons. Douay having become more aggravated, his Victorian friends, including the French Consul, have deemed it advisable to send him home to France.

"ARTISTES AND THEIR WANDERINGS", The Mercury (13 September 1869), 3

Hearing that M. Douay had recovered his reason, MM. [Robert] Smythe and Poussard proceeded to Europe for the purpose of re-engaging that powerful performer, but only to see him as in inmate of a private lunatic asylum near Paris, and in a number of the Court Journal to hand by this mail, we find in the Paris correspondent's letter a painfully interesting account of a visit made to the unfortunate artiste by Her Majesty the Empress of the French, who is stated to have been moved to tears by the pathetic performance of M. Douay, and by the distressing circumstances in which he was situated.

Bibliography and resources:

"Horace Poussard", Wikipedia

DOUGHERTY, Thomas Heywood

Violinist, viola player, music reviewer (Brisbane Courier)

Arrived Moreton Bay, QLD, 3 June 1866 (per Southern Ocean)
Died Brisbane, QLD, 1 June 1930, aged 84


[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (21 November 1874), 1

"Mr. R. T. Jefferies' Farewell", The Queenslander (21 May 1887), 820

"Mr. T. H. DOUGHERTY", The Brisbane Courier (1 July 1930), 20

With the passing away of Mr. Thomas Heywood Dougherty on the first day of last month Brisbane lost a citizen who had long been connected with the intellectual, musical, and professional life of the community. The late Mr. Dougherty, just out of his 'teens, arrived in Moreton Bay from London in the sailing ship Southern Ocean on June 3, 1856. He was a native of Huddersfield, in Yorkshire, but he had spent three months with his parents in Liverpool, and it was seeing the ships there that prompted him to cross the seas, to leave, as he wrote 50 years later, "dear old England and seek the wonder of the much boomed colony of Queensland at the outposts of civilisation." The young adventurer was not long in finding a billet; he became assistant secretary to the School of Arts, which was then in Creek-street. Soon after that he entered the Education Department, and was for some years a teacher at the Valley School. In 1860 he entered the Real Property Office, and in 1883 passed his examination as a conveyancer; and this profession he practiced actively till 1922, and still practiced in his retirement until almost his last days. The late Mr. Dougherty was actively engaged in the early work of the Musical Union, in association with, the late Mr. R. T. Jefferies. For many years he was on the committee of the organisation, and for almost as long a term he led the orchestra, being regarded for many years as the leading amateur violinist in Brisbane. All this call upon his time, however, did not limit his activities; he expanded them also to the literary side, and, for four or five years in the '80's he wrote the musical notices in the "Courier". He was the chess editor of the "Queenslander" from 1893 to 1897, and for a great number of years was a voluminous contributor to both these journals, the "Queensland Punch", "The Boomerang", and "The Figaro". . . . He took up languages as of special interest, including Chinese, and was intensely interested in the work and writings of Sir Oliver Lodge. The late Mr. Dougherty, who was 84 years of age when he passed away, did not go away from Queensland once he set foot in the country, except for a trip of nine months' duration to South Africa three or four years ago . . .

DOUGLASS, Ellen [1] (Miss DOUGLASS; Ellen HATCH; Ellen Hatch DOUGLASS)

Actor, vocalist

Born c. 1812
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1834, 1836
Died Sydney, NSW, 12 January 1838, aged 26 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 November 1834), 2

A Miss Hatch (we believe her name of is) lately appeared at the theatre, in the the character of Catherine, in Shakespeare's Catherine and Petruchio. Her success, so we are assured, was complete; she is said to read her author in a superior style, and altogether to have given promise of excellence hitherto unapproached on the Sydney stage.

"DRAMA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 September 1836), 2

The song by Miss Douglass was tolerable; this lady has a soft pleasing voice, but by no means a powerful one.

"THE THEATRE", The Australian (24 March 1837), 2

Miss Douglass sung, Come dwell with me, very well.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 January 1838), 2

The patrons of the Drama will be sorry to hear of the death of Miss Douglass, who, after a protracted illness, breathed her last yesterday morning. The stage will experience a loss by the demise of this actress, who in the higher walks of tragedy was unequalled in Sydney. Her Lady Macbeth, Alicia in Jane Shore, and many other characters of a similar cast, have not been surpassed or even equalled in this Colony. Douglass was an assumed name, only Hatch was the proper name of the deceased.

"The Late Miss Douglass. To the Editor", The Sydney Monitor (19 January 1838), 3


DOUGLASS, Ellen [2] (Mrs. DOUGLASS; Ellen Selina KELLY; Mrs. James Augustus DOUGLASS)

Actor, vocalist (a pupil of Eliza Gibbs)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by February 1844
Active Melbourne, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), 1846
Active Adelaide, SA, 1847-51

DOUGLASS, James Augustus (James John DOUGLASS; Mr. DOUGLASS)

Actor, theatrical manager, comedian, violinist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by February 1844
Active Melbourne, Port Phillip District, NSW (VIC), 1846
Active Adelaide, SA, 1847-51
Wagga Wagga, NSW, 1859
Brisbane, QLD, 1860


[Advertising], The Australian (24 February 1844), 1

[Advertisement], The Australian (10 October 1844), 2 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE . . . THIS EVENING, OCTOBER 10 . . . MRS. DOUGLASS Will make her first appearance as a Vocalist, and sing the admired Irish Melody, KATHLEEN MAVOURNEEN . . .

LINKS: Kathleen mavorneen (late 1850s Sydney reprint from plates of edition engraved by Francis Ellard, mid 1840s; Douglass could well have performed from this edition)

David Burn, journal, (10 October 1844); State Library of New South Wales, MS B 190/2, page 157 (PAGE IMAGE) 

Thursday: 10 [October] . . . Went to the 99th delicious band and to the theatre in the evening, being monstrously down in the mouth. A female howled Kathleen Mavourneen. Her audacity surpassed all I conceived possible in woman, for albeit her howls were echoed by the yells of the house she and merit, persevered unflinchingly to the close, but came promptly back to a mock encore, again to undergo and seemingly with perfect self satisfaction, a repetition of her Triumphant reception. The farce was the £100 note, and in lieu of floral testimonies of approbation to the singer's entreaty to "buy a broom" she was liberally rewarded with showers of silver and copper which she picked up with much characteristic naivete.

LINKS: David Burn (playwright, author, diarist, songwriter)

"DEPARTURES", Launceston Examiner (7 June 1845), 4

June 5.-Brig Swan, 149 tons, Bell, master, for Port Phillip; J. Raven, agent. Passengers . . . Mr. and Mrs. Coppin and the following theatrical company: Mr. and Mrs. Rogers, Mrs. Thompson, Miss Jane Thompson, Miss E. Thompson, Mr. Young, Mr. and Mrs. Opie, Mr. Megson, Mr. and Mrs. Watson, Mr. and Mrs. Hambleton, Mr. Howson, Mr. H. Howson, Mr. Wilks, Mr. and Mrs. Douglass, Mr. Ray.

"THE THEATRICAL EXAMINER", The Examiner (30 August 1845), 29

. . . The Huntsmen's Chorus was sung by the Bridemaids!!! assisted by Adolph and Caspar. Indeed, we might say it was sung by Mrs. Douglass, assisted by the choeur, for as that lady preferred singing in a different key from the rest of the white-wreathed huntresses, she managed to obtain a doubtlessly comfortable prominence, and gave to this famous piece a touch of novelty, not perhaps contemplated by the composer . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (4 November 1845), 2

After which, Mrs. Douglass, (pupil of Mrs. Gibbs) will have the honor to sing an entirely new Song, "In Christian Lands," the Music arranged for the occasion by Mr. Gibbs.

[Advertisement], The Australian (22 November 1845), 2

"THEATRICALS", The Melbourne Argus (28 July 1846), 2 

"MULTUM IN PARVO, Port Philip Gazette and Settler's Journal (8 August 1846), 3 

In our last we refrained from giving a decided opinion upon the merits of Mrs. Douglass as a singer, and we sincerely regret in having to announce, after hearing her again, that she has not the slightest capacity as a vocalist, and her friends should advise her to retire from a profession totally unsuited to her.

"COPPIN V. DOUGLASS", South Australian (18 June 1847), 3 

"Local News", South Australian (2 July 1847), 3 

"INSOLVENCY", Adelaide Observer (3 July 1847), 6 

"SPARKS FROM THE ANVIL. BY THE HAMMERER" South Australian (14 August 1849), 2 

JENNY LIND. - The tremendous success attending the debut of Mr. Douglass, in the character of the Swedish Nightingale, has encouraged him to further efforts. He will sing on Monday evening thirty-three songs as Jenny, in the identical petticoat he wore at the Exchange, and afterwards play Fallstaff to Jacobs' Hotspur.

"LAW AND POLICE COURTS", South Australian Register (21 May 1851), 2-3 

James Augustus Douglass appeared in answer to his bail, to plead to the indictment against him, charging him with embezzling £12 9s. 5d., the moneys of George Brock and others, on the 3rd April, 1850, at Port Adelaide . . .

[3] . . . His Honor . . . directed the Jury to find a verdict of not guilty.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (22 September 1855), 3 

HEMINGWAY'S ROYAL HOTEL. INCREASED ATTRACTION. Engagement for this Night Only of the well-known DOUGLASS FAMILY, From the Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, and Geelong Theatres . . . MASTER JAMES DOUGLASS, Only Eight Years of Age, The Renowned Australian Tom Thumb, AND Unriralled Bone Player, will THROW HIMSELF AWAY, AND Give his Inimitable Version of Bendigo Gals. MASTER S. DOUGLASS, Only Five Years of Age!! Will accompany the Performance on his WONDERFUL GRIDIRON. MR. DOUGLASS will appear in his celebrated Australian Hornpipe . . .

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Express and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (5 February 1859), 3 

"AUSTRALIAN AMPHITHEATRE", Wagga Wagga Express and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (12 February 1859), 2 

. . . The evening's entertainments concluded with the farce of Bombastus, Mr. J. A. Douglass, Master F. and James Douglass, performing the principal characters. On Friday evening the house was again crowded, and the performance was equally if not more successful than on the opening night. On Monday, we understand, Mr. J. A. Douglass will take a benefit.

[Advertisement], The Moreton Bay Courier (10 March 1860), 3 

The Australian Minstrel and Didactic Family. Licensed by Act of Parliament. THE unrivalled family have arrived in Brisbane, and will give their entertainments in the School of Arts, for three nights, SATURDAY (this night), MONDAY, and TUESDAY. The family consists of Mr. and Mrs. Douglass (connected with the colonial theatres for the last 25 years), | Miss Douglass, Miss H. Douglass, and Miss E. Douglass; also, Masters F. J., S., and A. Douglass. A variety of operatic farces; local comic songs by the Australian "Billy Barlow" Master J. Douglass, and the second part of the entertainment consists of a grand Ethiopian conceit as follows:
Violin - Mr. Douglass
First Banjo - Master F. Douglass
Second Banjo - Miss H. Douglass
Bones - Master J. Douglass
Tambourine - Master S. Douglass
Flutina - Master A. Douglass
Triangle - Miss E. Douglass
Conductor - Signor Gubrio
Commencing with the new Melodies "Sing to the White Folks"; "Suzy Brown"; "Sally's the Gal for Me"; "Brisbane Gals"; "Rose of Alabama"; "Katty Dean"; "Phoebe Morel"; And others too numerous to mention. A variety of Ethiopian dances, concluding with the renowned TUBA, OR PLANTATION DANCE. Performances will commence at eight o'clock. Admission: - Reserved Seats, 4s.; Gallery. 2s; Children half price. JAMES A. DOUGLASS, Manager.

DOW, William Henry

Violin maker

Born Tayport, Scotland, 1836
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1854
Married (1) Elizabeth JONES (1835-1862), Melbourne, VIC, 1858
Married (2) Isabella CORCKETT (1849-1920), Melbourne, VIC, 1867
Died South Melbourne, VIC, 7 July 1928, aged 93 (resident of South Melbourne for 74 years) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (19 August 1854), 10

"VICTORIA. XI. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS", The Argus (23 December 1880), 58s

W. H. Dow, violin maker, 11 Church street Emerald hill, shows one viola "own model," unvarnished, one "Straduarius model," and one "Joseph Guarnerius model," both varnished and well finished.


"FIDDLES THEIR MAKING AND REPAIRING", Prahran Chronicle (18 May 1895), 4 

"DEATHS", The Argus (9 July 1928), 1

"DEATH OF A VIOLIN MAKER", The Horsham Times (13 July 1928), 2

"OBITUARY. Mr. William Henry Dow", Record (14 July 1898), 5 

On Saturday there passed away William Henry Dow, in his 93rd year, and in his 74th year of residence in our district.

Born in Tayport, Scotland, in 1836, Mr. Dow was apprenticed to pattern making, and early combined with this occupation the hobbv of violin-making. He came to Victoria in the 'fifties, and was associated with the various engineering firms of the colony, principally those about the Yarra, Fultons, Langlands, Foremans and finally Robinsons. All spoke highly of the young engineer. Mr. Dow settled in Emerald Hill in 1854, and soon established his workshop, where he carried on his beloved hobby of violin-making, and continued in it right to the end.

On retiring from his engineering work a little over 20 years ago, Mr. Dow became a renowned expert in violin construction, as his reputation was almost world-wide. He would buy up old violins for the wood that was in them, and was a staunch believer in the principles of construction followed by the old masters. Even the minutest detail had his careful attention. He would buy up old mahogany furniture and cut it up into pegs. Wrecks of violins came along, and if they merited the trouble, Mr. Dow could always restore them. Some of the great master-players were not above putting their cherished instruments into Mr. Dow's hands, and he never belied their confidence.

Mr. A. H. Williams, the photographer, has a cello made by Mr. Dow forty years ago, and claims that it is as sweet in tone as any instrument ever built. Among the many who have borne testimony to the mastery of Mr. Dow's work, were Johanan Kruse, who took one of the instruments with him when he returned to Germany. George Weston and Henry Curtis, two well-known artists of a generation ago, still cherish Mr. Dow's violins. Mr. Schieblich, who was well known, in Albert Park for many years, still has one of the instruments. When Mr. Herman, of the Birmingham String Quartet, was in Australia many years ago he procured several instruments from Mr. Dow and expressed his pleasure with them. Mr. Herman also conducted a trial of instruments, when it was declared that Mr. Dow could hold his own with the best makers of history. The old master was always seeking timber for his instruments, and the cello of Mr. Williams is constructed from the old frigate Nelson.

Mr. Dow's first violin was made when he was only 15 years old. In addition to reconstructions and a number of cellos, it is believed there are in existence about 200 violins, and the excellence is so marked that they are now eagerly sought by connoisseurs. Mr. Dow had a great deal of trouble in finding a satisfactory varnish, but at last succeeded.

At the Victorian Exhibitions of 1875, 1880 and 1888, these violins were awarded first and special prizes. Mr. P. Dalton, of the Town Hall staff, has one of the instruments, and is never happier than when playing his beloved Irish melodies, which he reads from his own exquisitely penned manuscript.

Those who have known Mr. Dow for many years and were admitted to his little sanctum, where he stored his treasures, will miss the departed master-craftsman, who has so recently passed on; but the beloved instruments fashioned by his hand will become the priceless possessions of posterity.

Mr. Dow's wife pre-deceased him by eight years, and two daughters and Mr. W. H. Dow (South Melbourne City Treasurer) survive their father. The late Mr. Dow was a foundation member and trustee of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers. The remains of the late Mr. Dow, were laid to rest in the Congregational portion of the Melbourne General Cemetery on Monday afternoon. The Rev. H. M. Moorehouse conducted the service. The pall-bearers were: Hon. R. Williams (Mayor of South Melbourne), Cr. C. F.Wolff, Mr. E. C. Crockford (Town Clerk), Cr. Kinnear and Messrs. T. Russell, R. Bodycombe, W. S. Day, P. Dalton, D. Torrence and H. Skinner. Funeral arrangements were in the hands of W. J. Garnar (T. Rentle).

"FAMOUS VIOLINS. AN AUSTRALIAN MAKER", Examiner (29 December 1928), 6

DOWLING, Henry (junior)

Newspaper editor and proprietor, general stationer, musicseller

Born Gloucester, England, 1810
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), September 1830
Died Launceston, TAS, 17 September 1885 (NLA persistent identifier)


Eldest son of the Baptist minister Henry Dowling, Dowling was proprietor and editor of the Launceston Advertiser from 1831, and from 1834 a Launceston stationer, later also a publisher, mayor of Launceston and member of the House of Assembly. During the 1830s he was probably Launceston's principal retailer of printed music (see catalogue of contents of shipment per Brazil in June 1833). In 1838 he specially recommended musical works by painter and composer Henry Mundy, whose artworks he also sold.


"MARRIED", Launceston Advertiser (7 November 1833), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (6 June 1833), 2

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (11 September 1834), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (19 April 1838), 1

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (17 May 1838), 1

"OBITUARY. MR. HENRY DOWLING", Launceston Examiner (18 September 1885), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Isabella J. Mead, "Dowling, Henry (sen. and jun.)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

DOWLING, Lillias (Miss Lilias DICKSON; "Lilly"; Mrs. W. J. DOWLING)

Amateur vocalist, pianist

Born NSW, 1818
Married (1) Willoughby James DOWLING, Sydney, January 27 1834 (aged 16)
Married (2) Marshall D. WOODHOUSE, Balmain, NSW, 18 March 1856
Died Berrima, NSW, 3 December 1869, aged 51

DOWLING, Willoughby James

Amateur vocalist

Born London, England, 1812
Died (suicide) Bathurst, NSW, 15 May 1849

Summary (after McKenzie, and Stephens, both below):

Lillias ("Lilly") Dickson was a daughter of John Dickson (1774-1843), who on his arrival in the colony in 1813 was welcomed by Lachlan Macquarie as "an excellent Engineer and Millwright". In 1833, his business a reputation both collapsed, and, while on bail for a forgery charge, absconded to England. Earlier that year, in April, Lilly briefly eloped with the fraudster and ex-convict, John Dow, alias "Viscount Lascelles", who, with an eye to cashing in on the residual wealth of the Dowling family, later brought an action of habeas corpus to recover his alleged wife. Justice James Dowling, having observed that she was a girl of a "light reputation", was later displeased when his nephew, Willoughby Dowling, married the 16-year-old less than three months later.

At their home at "Flinton", in Paddington, Lilly gave birth to two sons and a daughter between 1835 and 1838, while Willoughby was a solicitor for John Norton's law firm. Following some financial irregularities, they moved to Bathurst in 1841. Increasingly prone to alcoholism, in 1849, aged 37, Willoughby committed suicide at home with a pistol. Lilly sold her possessions and sailed to England with her children to stay with her parents-in-law. Suffering a respiratory condition, however, Lilly return to Australia in 1851. In 1856 she remarried and moved to the Southern Highlands, where she died in 1869, age 51.


"MARRIED", The Sydney Herald (30 January 1834), 4 

"SUICIDE OF MR. DOWLING", Bathurst Advocate (19 May 1849), 3 

[Advertisement], Bathurst Advocate (7 July 1849), 3 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1869), 1 

Musical source:

The Dowling songbook, owner bound album of vocal music, consisting of imported sheet music, and some colonial manuscript copies, bound for Lillias and Willoughby Dowling by Francis Ellard, Sydney, c.1840; Rouse Hill House & Farm, Rouse family music collection, R84/869:1-2; Sydney Living Museums (digitised at Internet Archive) (ALBUM)[]=dowling (ALBUM & CONTENTS SEPARATELY)

Bibliography and resources:

Kirsten McKenzie, Scandal in the colonies: Sydney and Cape Town, 1820-1850 (Carlton: Melbourne University Press, 2004), 2-3 (PREVIEW)

Kirsten McKenzie, A swindler's progress: nobles and convicts in the age of liberty (Sydney: UNSW Press, 2009), 212-13 (PREVIEW)

Matthew Stephens, "Songs and scandal uncovered: the Dowling music project", Sydney Living Museums, website 

DOWNS, William (William DOWNS)

Itinerant musician, violinist, fiddler, fiddle player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1846


"POLICE COURT . . . MATRIMONIAL BLISS", The Sydney Weekly Transcript (7 February 1846), 2 

A ragged, greasy-looking fellow, named William Downs, a kind of itinerant musician, who derives a precarious subsistence from rasping ail old fiddle at public-houses, appeared before the Bench at the instance of his wife, who charged him with continued ill-treatment of her. She slated that he was in the habit of returning home drunk, and beating and abusing her in the most brutal manner about the face and body; and on that very morning came home in a state of beastly intoxication, and commenced assaulting her as of old. The fellow denied that he had ever done so, but his appearance was sufficient guarantee that lie was a man of profligate and ruffianly habits. By the advice of the Bench, and on the promise of Downs that he would not again ill-use his wife, Mrs. Downs withdrew her complaint, in the hope that he would fulfil his promise.


Orchestral player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1841


A (probably bass string) player in the theatre orchestra during 1841-42; on his first documented appearance, Mr. Downes is last-named on a list instrumentalists headed by S. W. Wallace and Leggatt, probably all members of the Sydney theatre orchestra, for Maria Prout's concert in March 1841. Perhaps he was the "Mr. Downes, Grocer, Windmill street", whose shop was a ticket outlet for the Royal Victoria Theatre in January 1842.


[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (16 March 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (15 January 1842), 3

"Theatricals", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 September 1842), 2


Actor, vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1835-38 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE GOVERNOR AT THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 November 1833), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (8 June 1835), 3

"THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (10 June 1835), 2

That promising young actress, Miss Winstanley, has, we understand, left the Theatre, and Mrs Downs, who was on the stage about two years since, has been engaged in her place. Mrs. Downs when engaged before, evinced much industry, but we question whether the public are any gainers by the change.

"THE THEATRE", The Australian (12 August 1836), 2

Mrs. Downes displays a genius for music far above mediocrity, judging from her verse of "Home, sweet home."

"DRAMA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (20 December 1836), 2

We have only one remark to make relative to the piece, which was played as usual, and that relates to Mrs. Downes' song, "Love is a Mischievous Boy," to which she adheres with a pertinacity worthy a better cause. Several quondam admirers of "poor Mrs. Downes," as they feelingly call her, having rushed forth, armed with goose quills, in defence of her warbling, which they allege to be superexcellent and charging us with pique, and all that kind of thing, it became necessary for our own satisfaction, as well as to bear out the remark we had previously made as to her incapability of singing upon the stage, whatever she is capable of in a room, to be particularly scrutinizing as to the effect of her singing upon the audience, and if our remarks were not borne out, yea, even strengthened by what occurred, may we never handle pen again, for although the other songs, four in number, were received with unbounded applause, her's was received with the silence of the grave. Even her champions, who had mustered tolerably strong upon the occasion, gave up the affair as hopeless, and looked mighty chap fallen. Those remarks are not made with ill feeling as surmised, for if Mrs. D. had given up the song, as she wisely did that in the character of Paulina, in the "Wood Demon," at our first hint, the matter would have rested. Many persons imagine that in pointing out the faults of an actor or an actress, there must be a bias; the contrary is the fact, it is mercy to them, critiques upon performances being the only medium through which they can arrive at their defects, be it as it may, we shall never flinch from doing our duty to the public upon any subject, despite the remarks of other parties. - Reporter.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 March 1838), 3

DOWNES, Joseph Cartlidge


Born c. 1842
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1863
Married Annie EARLE, Fitzroy, VIC, 24 June 1867
Died South Yarra, VIC, 27 June 1911, aged 69 (TROVE tagged)




[Advertisement], The Argus (22 September 1863), 8 

MR. ALLAN'S CONCERT, St. George's Hall, Thursday, 1st October. Principal Vocalists Miss Hamilton, Mrs. Perraton, Master Cook, Messrs. Williams, Gamble, Downes, and Angus. Oboe, Mr. Schott; Flute, Mr. F. Johnson; piano, Mr. H. King.

"DEATHS", The Argus (29 June 1911), 1 



Active Port Macquarie, NSW, 1861


"PORT MACQUARIE", The Maitland Mercury (25 July 1861), 3

13TH JULY.-The remains of the late Mr. John Verge, of Austral Eden, Macleay River, arrived this day for interment, in a family vault in the burial ground of St. Thomas' church . . . The body was taken first to St. Thomas' Church, and the usual service read . . . and at its conclusion Pope's ode of "The Dying Christian to his Soul" [Vital Spark of Heavenly Flame] was sung by the full choir, Miss Doyle presiding at the organ."


Musician, convict

Active NSW, 1833


[Convict notices], New South Wales Government Gazette (13 March 1833), 94

Doyle John, No. 50-2496, Andromeda, 21, musician; Killarney, 5 feet 5, brown hair, blue eyes, ruddy freckled and pock-pitted complexion, horizontal scar over right eye, from Australian Agricultural Company, Port Stephens.


DRAEGER, Carl Wilhelm

Professor of music, bandmaster and choral conductor, composer

Born Germany, ? (brother of Ferdinand DRAEGER below)
Arrived South Australia, 1854
Departed after 10 December 1879 (for Germany)
Died after 1887


According to Tiemeyer-Schütte, Carl Wilhelm Draeger joined his brother Ferdinand in South Australia in 1854, having studied music in Berlin from 1847 to 1850. In October 1859, the Tanunda Band played an Overture "composed by Herr C. W. Draeger, of Adelaide, brother of Herr F. Draeger, of Tanunda".

His A song for Australia ("the words by [Dr.] G. Nott, and music by C. W. Draeger") was published in Adelaide in 1861. Later compositions include The Gawler Rifle march ("composed by the leader" [of the Gawler Volunteer Band, Mr. C. W. Draeger]) in 1861, and a chorus that won a prize at a German Song Competition in Melbourne in 1864.

Carl took over from his brother as director of the Tanunda band in 1863, continuing until 1870. His Flora Australis galop first appeared in The Illustrated Melbourne Post in December 1866, and was reprinted in The Illustrated Sydney News in January 1871 (Flora Australis Galop "for the pianoforte").

At Tanunda in 1867, two new works were given in honour of the touring Prince Alfred, a Welcome chorus ("composed expressly for the occasion by Mr. C. W. Draeger . . . should [Tanunda] be honoured with a visit of the Prince [Alfred] . . . the words by the Rev. Dr. [Carl] Muecke") and A sailor chorus ("by the same composer [Mr. C. W. Draeger]").

In December 1879, Draeger placed an advertisement returning thanks "to those Friends whose kind Contributions have enabled him to Revisit Germany for his health". But in a sad letter seven years later he reported that he had been reduced to poverty.


"TANUNDA", South Australian Register (10 October 1859), 3

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (16 March 1861), 2

[Advertisement]: "A SONG FOR AUSTRALIA", South Australian Register (23 March 1861), 1

"ODDFELLOWSHIP", South Australian Register (18 May 1861), 3

"TANUNDA", The South Australian Advertiser (22 October 1861), 3

"TANUNDA", South Australian Register (2 March 1864), 3

"TANUNDA", The South Australian Advertiser (2 March 1864), 3

"TANUNDA", South Australian Register (22 October 1867), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (16 December 1879), 2

"A MUSICAL FAMILY", South Australian Register (3 May 1887), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Meike Tiemeyer-Schütte, Das Deutsche Sängerwesen in Südaustralien vor Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkrieges zwischen Bewahrung von Deutschtum und Anglikanisierung (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2000), 46, 130, 200-201 (PREVIEW)

DRAEGER, Wilhelm Ferdinand (Ferdinand DRAEGER)

Professor of music, bandmaster and choral conductor, composer

Born Germany ? (brother of Carl Wilhelm DRAEGER)
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1848


According to Tiemeyer-Schütte, Ferdinand Draeger came from near Magdeburg and received his musical education in Dessau before arriving in South Australia in 1848. He was at Tanunda by the mid 1850s, if not earlier.

In October 1859, the Tanunda Band celebrated its second anniversary under its director, and probably founder, Ferdinand Draeger, with a musical program including A grand valse, for "orchestra, composed by Herr F. Draeger" (possibly the same Grand waltz repeated in 1861). A year earlier, Draeger had published a song Advance Australia, with words by fellow Tanunda resident (and likewise occasional composer), Charles Barton (no copy identified).

In 1861, his A choral song was given, "the words of which were written for the occasion by our fellow-townsman, Mr. F. Basedow, and the music by Mr. F. Draeger, and was sung by all the members of the Leidertafel, accompanied by the full orchestra", and in Gawler in June his March of the First Gawler Rifles.

The Fest Cantate, "composed expressly for the Li[e]derfafel by their leader Mr. F. Draeger" followed in April 1862.

He may be the same F. Draeger ("teacher of the Draeger family" of talented young musicians who appeared in Melbourne with Anna Bishop in 1869) who was teaching piano, violin and singing in Melbourne in 1871. A "Herr F. Draeger" (also "C. F. Draeger" [sic]) was active in Mount Gambier from September 1874 until the end of 1876.


"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (31 August 1858), 2

"TANUNDA", South Australian Register (6 October 1858), 3

"TANUNDA", The South Australian Advertiser (30 August 1859), 2

"TANUNDA", South Australian Register (10 October 1859), 3

"GAWLER", South Australian Register (27 June 1861), 3

"TANUNDA", The South Australian Advertiser (22 October 1861), 3

"TANUNDA", The South Australian Advertiser (14 April 1862), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 May 1869), 8

COLOSSEUM - Admission, 6d.- Engaged and appear nightly, the WONDERS of the AGE (the Draeger Family), who lately performed in conjunction with Madame Anna Bishop at St. George's-hall. The little wonder, Miss Clara Draeger, violin soloist, aged six years; Miss Agnes, tenor violin soloist, eight years; Miss Bertha, flute soloist, 14 years; Master Charles, violin and piccolo soloist, 11 years ; Master Ferdinand, clarionet and pianist. Mr. F. Draeger, conductor. Miss Bertha and Master Charles in admired songs and duets. Misses Agnes and Clara in songs and duets. Commence half-past 7.

[Adverrtisement], The Argus (7 December 1871), 1

[Advertisement], Border Watch (30 September 1874), 3

"THE CASE OF MR. C. F. DRAEGER (To the Editor)", Border Watch (22 April 1876), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Meike Tiemeyer-Schütte, Das Deutsche Sängerwesen in Südaustralien vor Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkrieges zwischen Bewahrung von Deutschtum und Anglikanisierung (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2000), 46, 130, 200-201 (PREVIEW)



Active ? Melbourne, VIC, 1850s-70s


"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", South Australian Register (16 December 1852), 3

Draeger, Mr. J., musician, 12, Swanston-street, Melbourne.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. PORT OF MELBOURNE", Bendigo Advertiser (5 July 1870), 2

"MARRIED", Australian Town and Country Journal (5 April 1879), 43



Active Yackandandah, VIC, 1855


"DARING ROBBERIES", Empire (30 April 1855), 3


Vocalist, guitarist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1838


[Advertisement], South Australian Gazette (15 December 1838), 4


Transcriber of Indigenous songs and chants

Born USA, 1798
Active Sydney, NSW, December 1839
Died USA, 1877


When the United States Exploring Squadron was anchored in Sydney Harbour in December 1839, one of the expedition's artists, Joseph Drayton (1798-1877) transcribed and later published four "Australian native chants", claiming to have been taken from live performances, all by the same "native", including a "new song" that he was taking back to his tribe, and another (the first) that Drayton suspected "not to be entirely native music". Despite the claim also to have sourced it directly from the "native", the fourth chant is essentially identical with Barron Field's earlier printed transcription Australian national melody ("Journal of an Excursion Across the Blue Mountains", The London Magazine (November 1823), 465), and too close to Field's version to have been independently transcribed.


Charles Wilkes, Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition during the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, Volume 2 (Philadelphia, 1844?); later printing, (Philadelphia: [?], 1849), 189-90

DREDGE, William Gilpin

Amateur musician, pianist, conductor, vocalist (secretary, Melbourne Philharmonic Society)

Born UK, ? 1826
Arrived (1), Sydney, January 1839
Arrived (2) Melbourne, 20 November 1846 (per Vixen, from London)
Married (1) Eleanor (Emma) EDWARDS (d.1855), 1847
Married (2) Sarah Jane (Jenny) EDWARDS (d.1896), 1857
Died St. Kilda, Melbourne, VIC, 20 February 1865, aged 39 years 11 months

DREDGE, Jenny (Sarah Jane)

= Mrs. W. Carl FISCHER

DREDGE, Theophilus

Amateur vocalist, member, secretary (Melbourne Philharmonic Society in succession to his brother)


Sons of James Dredge (1796-1846), a Wesleyan missionary who came to Australia to take up the post of Assistant Protector of Aborigines at Port Phillip. In 1847 William married Eleanor (Emma) Edwards, who had lived at the Lodden River Protectorate Station. Dredge was an import agent and merchant, but active as a musician, especially as a long serving honorary secretary of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society. After her death in 1855, Dredge married Sarah Jane Edwards; she, after Dredge's death, married his former Philharmonic colleague, William Carl Fischer.

During 1863, Dredge's personal music library was source of an important score, as the Philharmonic expressed its thanks, to "Mr. W. G. Dredge, for the use of Mozart's 'Jupiter' symphony, performed for the first time in Victoria at the same concert". Dredge relinquished the secretary's post in December 1864, and died only little over two months later. The Philharmonic's April 1865 concert included Mozart's Requiem, "selected as a mark of respect to the memory of the late Mr. W. G. Dredge, the society's honorary secretary; the latter has not been performed before in Australia." In May it was reported:

A difference of opinion between the committee and conductor of the Philharmonic Society, relative to the purchase of some instrumental music of value, formed the staple of a long and somewhat inharmonious discussion last evening, at the Mechanics' Institute. The meeting, which was presided over by Sir Redmond Barry, was convened for the purpose of taking into consideration the conduct of the committee in not purchasing from Mr. W. G. Dredge, widow of the late secretary of the society, some instrumental music, chiefly symphonies from Beethoven and Mozart, procured by Mr. Dredge from Novello's, in London, and which had been ordered to the society for £40; its alleged worth being about £80 or £90. A resolution censuring the committee was submitted by Mr. C. E. Horsley, who contended that they had virtually promised to secure the music for the society, but had not done so, and by their course of action had evinced a want of respect for the memory of their late secretary and of sympathy for his widow. Mr. W. C. [Carl] Fisher, who followed in the same strain, seconded the resolution . . .


"PORT PHILLIP", The Australian (3 December 1846), 2

"MARRIED", The Melbourne Argus (10 December 1847), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 May 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 May 1858), 8

"DIED", The Argus (5 May 1855), 4

"MARRIED", The Argus (9 June 1857), 4

[News], The Argus (24 January 1861), 4


"THE MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (20 January 1864), 5

[News], The Argus (8 December 1864), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (21 February 1865), 4

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (21 February 1865), 8

[News], The Argus (10 April 1865), 5

[News], The Argus (10 April 1865), 4

[News], The Argus (3 May 1865), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 July 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 October 1867), 3

"DEATH OF MRS. CARL FISCHER", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1896), 5

"PERSONAL", The Argus (25 August 1928), 16

Mr. Theophilus James Dredge, whose death is announced, was a son of Mr. Theophilus Dredge, who arrived at Melbourne on January 3, 1839, by the ship Elisabeth (Captain Hall) with his father, Mr. James Dredge. The appointment of assistant protector of aborigines was held by Mr. James Dredge; and his son Theophilus, one of the founders of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, was associated with the early days of Wesley Church.

Bibliography and resources:

Rhonda Dredge, "'An awful silence reigns': James Dredge at the Goulburn River", The La Trobe Journal 61 (Autumn 1998)

DREW, Miss

Teacher of singing and the pianoforte (pupil of Samuel Sebastian Wesley)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1855


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 March 1855), 1 

MISS DREW, pupil of Dr. Wesley, gives lessons in Singing and the Pianoforte, with thorough bass. For particulars enquire at WOOLCOTT and CLARKE'S; or at No. 1, Cumberland-street.

DREWE, Arthur James

Organist, composer, editor

Born ? 1852/3
Active Sydney, NSW, 1880
Died Sydney, NSW, 25 May 1921, in his 69th year


"SYDNEY INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 April 1880), 8

An interesting organ recital took place yesterday afternoon at the Garden Palace. Each of the pieces was meritoriously rendered, and applauded. A promising young Australian organist, Mr. Arthur James Drewe, pupil of Mr. William Stanley (organist of Christ Church), and Mr. Sharpe (organist of St. Philip's) performed several excellent selections of oratorio and secular music on the large organ. The most noteworthy piece he performed were, "Marche Celeste," by Vilbre; "Incline thine ear to me," by Himmel; a selection, by Ebelon; "Kyrie eleison," from Mozart's Sixteenth Mass; and the " Gloria," from Mozart's Twelfth Mass.

"MASONIC", Australian Town and Country Journal (12 April 1890), 31

THE MUSICAL RITUAL. Worshipful Brother A. J. Drewe is actively engaged in the preparation of a revised edition of his "Masonic Musical Ritual."

"Masonic Musical Ritual", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (9 May 1891), 1028

A publication, designed especially for the members of that important fraternity, the Freemasons, has been forwarded to us, which, apart from the purpose for which it is particularly designed, will be found of great interest by many who - though not belonging to the mystic brotherhood - regard all that is made known concerning the rights of this ancient order with the fascination which generally surrounds any subject upon which fall particulars are reserved for the initiated; and, further, will afford profitable study to all musical people, and especially to those who delight in music for the harmonium. This work has been arranged by the Worshipful Brother A. J. Drewe, Grand Director of Music for the Masonic Order in New South Wales, and in a brief preface the object of the publication and the causes which have made the work more extensive than was at first contemplated are well set forth. The compilation has evidently been a labour of love, but must nave involved considerable study and skill, independent of the musical ability which has been enlisted in its production, and is most creditable to the editor and his co-workers. The Ritual includes compositions by 20 musicians in the following proportions: Augustus Ghede, grand organist, contributes 32 numbers; Joseph Massey, grand mark organist, 28; G. Lardelli, F.C.O., 21; Arthur J. Drewe, Grand Director of Music, 11; Alfred A. Smith, five; Henry Smith, four; N. J. Gehde and Edward J. Gehede, two each; Handel, Holly, E. J. Hopkins, Turle, Rev. R. R. Chope, F. Buck, Theodore Tourriar, Camidge, Gauntlett, Troyte, G. R. Allpress, P.G.D.M., and Charles Huenerbein one number each, which, with "Auld Lang Syne," and 11 anonymous numbers, make a true of 149 compositions exclusive of responent and short phrases which have no number attached. It will be seen that by far the greater portion is the work of local composers, all of whom are, it appears, brethren of the order, and there is much merit and talent comprised in the collection; the gems of local works will be found in those of Brothers Lardelli, Augustus Gehde, Joseph Massey, and Arthur J. Drewe, many of which are exceedingly interesting. Those adapted to words by T. E. Spencer, P.G.W., deserve special notice. The verses apparently lend themselves well to the musical setting, and these comprise the most felicitous of the vocal numbers. The different requirements of the various lodges exact several adaptations of the same portion of the Ritual, and three or four settings are given occasionally by one musician, or four musicians adapt the same words according as they are to be used by different orders of the brotherhood. It is beyond our province to detail the several advantages which the publication must afford to the fraternity, but we repeat that, apart from its Masonic merits, it will be found a welcome to any musical library. Handel's Dead March in "Saul," "A Hymn to the Season" (Reginald Heber), "Where the Brightest Sun" (Spencer), music to the words of W. H. Ore, Grand Bard, and a good march, need no Freemasonry to make them interesting. Messrs. Geo. Murray and Co. are the publishers of the production, which is highly creditable to them; and the editor intimates, in a circular, that single copies will be sold at half-a-crown, and a liberal allowance be made to purchasers of larger numbers. The Ritual comprises music for the whole of the three degrees in full, installation ceremony, laying foundation-stone, consecration of new lodge, dedication of Masonic Temple, various Masonic odes and anthems, Funeral Anthem, solos, marches, etc.; and as nearly all is composed in four-part harmony for male voices, it will therefore meet a much desired and greatly felt want.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1921), 8

"Obituary", Watchman (9 June 1921), 2

Musical works:

Music for the ceremonies of the Masonic Order arranged by A. J. Drewe (Sydney: G. Murray, 1891)


Musician, bandsman (Band of the 11th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854

Summary (Chapman):

DREWERY, Thomas; Pte 11th 19.10 yrs, 5'7", fresh complexion, fair hair, grey eyes; enlisted 26.10.48 Dublin, musician, born Ballygawley; deserted at Sydney on 5.8.1854.


"GROSS OUTRAGE", Empire (30 January 1854), 5

"ROBBERY", Empire (1 February 1854), 2

Edwin Parker and Thomas Drewry, the former a private, and the latter a bandsman belonging to Her Majesty's 11th Regiment, were placed in the dock charged with stealing a silver watch and gold chain from Mr. James Murphy, in Hyde Park, on Friday night last . . .

"SYDNEY QUARTER SESSION", Empire (18 February 1854), 4

"SYDNEY QUARTER SESSION", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 February 1854), 3

The jury acquitted both prisoners, and they were discharged.


Band of the 11th Regiment

DRIVER, Richard

Amateur flute player (pupil of Robert McIntosh)

Born Sydney, NSW, 1803
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 May 1868, aged 65


Son of John Driver (d.1810) and Elizabeth Driver; he was a pupil of Robert McIntosh.


"MARRIED", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 July 1823), 3

"SUPREME COURT. Halloran v. Hall", The Australian (24 May 1826), 4

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1851), 2

Richard Driver proved that he knew old McIntosh and his family from their arrival in the colony, in 1814; has heard old McIntosh call the defendant "my Bobby;" old McIntosh was witness's instructor on the flute; in answer to a question as to whether the family likeness of old McIntosh and the defendant was strong, the witness said, that like a knife, "the maker's name was stamped on the blade." On cross-examination, witness said that he was thirteen years old at that time, and that defendant was either ten or eleven; he was smaller than witness; this was in 1815; defendant appeared about two years younger than witness.

"DEATHS", Empire (13 May 1868), 1

"THE LATE MR. DRIVER, SENIOR", Empire (14 May 1868), 2

In our obituary notices yesterday was included the name of Mr. Richard Driver, senior, a well known colonist, and one of the first generation of natives. Mr. Driver, some years ago took a very active part in political movements in Sydney. In the first introduction of the elective element into our institutions, in 1843, and in the agitation against transportation a few years afterwards, as well as at the initiation of responsible government in 1856, Mr. Driver was one of our most active citizens. Always zealous in the cause of progress, he was invariably found on the liberal side . . .


Soprano vocalist, blind musician (touring NZ from VIC)


"BLIND MUSICIANS", Grey River Argus (23 August 1898), 3

This talented Company will open for a season, commencing on Friday evening, at Bonnie's Hall. . . . Miss Annie Drummond lost her sight when only six weeks old through a cold. She was trained at the Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind, and developed a charming soprano voice, having made an excellent name for herself on the concert platform. Is also a good player on violin and piano.

DU BOULAY, Frank Houssemayne (Francis, F. H. DUBOULAY)

Professor of the English concertina

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1872-78
Died Beverley, WA, 12 January 1913

DU BOULAY, William

Violinist (pupil of Sevcik)

DU BOULAY, Maggie (Madge)

Teacher of violin, concertina, mandolin, "mandoline"


"IMPORTS", The Perth Gazette (4 August 1871), 2

[News], The Argus (30 July 1872), 5

[News], The Argus (21 December 1872), 5

"CONCERT", Border Watch (7 May 1873), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 June 1874), 12

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (17 February 1877), 13

M. F. H. Du Boulay, by his really grand performance on the concertina, astonished the audience by the exquisite harmony and brilliant tone with which he executed "La Ricerdanza and [recte by] Rode," followed, as an encore, by "Home, Sweet Home," with variations, and by the "Fantasie sur le Carnival de Venise," by Ernst. The audience were delighted by this beautiful performance.

"THE MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (21 August 1878), 10

"MARRIAGES", The Australasian (7 June 1879), 26

"ST. GEORGE'S HALL. POPULAR CONCERTS", The West Australian (10 August 1905), 6

Mr. F. H. du Boulay introduced his several novel instruments, the symphonion or English concertina, the Xylophone, and the Corillan, the solos on the first two being re-demanded.

[Advertisement], The West Australian (16 October 1909), 8

"KALGOORLIE TOWN HALL. THE DU BOULAYS", Kalgoorlie Miner (24 November 1910), 6

Mr. F. H. du Boulay, a gentleman who has lived beyond the allotted span of life, put on an entertainment with a number of different instruments, which gave pleasure to his audience. He was encored for his aeola (concertina) and xylophone selections, and finished up with a corillon solo, "Home, Sweet Home," which delighted the house.

[Advertisement], Freeman's Journal (6 March 1913), 21

An exceptional advantage now offered to violinists, the school having secured the services of William du Boulay as Professor. Mr. du Boulay is a brilliant pupil of the renowned Sevcik (Prague), and will devote himself to making known the Sevcik method of violin playing.

"IN MEMORIAM", The West Australian (13 January 1915), 1

DUCROS, John Henry

Musician, music seller, musical instrument maker, flutina player

Born Dublin, Ireland, baptised 29 December 1817
Active Sydney, NSW, 1840-1851
Died Ballarat, VIC, 7 June 1877 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Ducros was working as a gas-fitter in Sydney by late 1840, when he first advertised as being "recently from the City of Dublin", and giving his business address as Francis Ellard's music saloon. In April 1841 he and his partner William Jones advertised that they had previously "fitted in Dublin, Manchester, and Stockport, with great satisfaction", and in August they were licensed as agents for the Australian Gaslight Company. Nevertheless, they dissolved their partnership in September, at which time a Ducros and his wife were granted leave to sail for Auckland, New Zealand. Mrs. Ducros arrived back in Sydney from Auckland during 1843. Having meanwhile spent some time working for Francis Ellard, John Ducros opened his own new business as a "Musical Instrument Maker", at 23 Hunter Street, in March 1847.

A satirical article in Bell's Life in February 1849 mentions an event that featured music from "the Band of the XIth, superior to any arrived in this quarter of the Globe - not forgetting the beautiful Band of the St. Patrick Teetotallers, and Ducro's private and influential chamber ditto" [sic], which, given that the other two bands were real institutions, suggests that he might well have directed his own band (or it might refer to some mechanical musical instrument, several types of which Ducros advertised for sale).

Ducros appeared in the orchestra for John Philip Deane's concert in March 1849, and again for John Deane in April 1850. At fellow music retailer James Grocott's concert in September 1850, Ducros played a solo on the patent flutina. For another of Grocott's entertainments in April 1851, it was advertised that, the theatre being closed that night, he was able to include in his band a number of regular theatre players. Since Ducros appears in the list, he may well have been a member of the theatre band at this time. He probably needed the extra income anyway, for in October he was listed as a new insolvent. He was a listed soloist for concerts by the Gautrots in January 1852. In February 1854, he briefly advertised the reopening of his music instrument making and repairing business, but thereafter disappears from professional record. His son John James Ducros, active in Melbourne, is probably the "J. Ducros" in the 1878 advertisement.


Baptism register, St. Werburgh (COI), Dublin; Irish church records

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (15 April 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (27 September 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (28 September 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 March 1847), 1

"BETSY PUMPKIN'S LETTER", Bell's Life in Sydney (3 March 1849), 1

 [News], Sydney Chronicle (26 August 1848), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 February 1849), 3

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (24 March 1849), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 March 1850), 1s

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 September 1850), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 April 1851), 1

"NEW INSOLVENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 January 1852), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 February 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Age (1 October 1878), 4

"Marriages", The Age (15 September 1888), 7


Professor of music, singing and dancing, composer

Born France, c.1813
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by end of June 1843
Married Andrew FARRELLY, Sydney, NSW, October 1849
Departed Sydney, NSW, 11 July 1861 (per Nile, for England)
Died Lancashire, early (January-March) 1891, aged 78 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Madame Dudemaine had perhaps been in Sydney for some weeks or months before she first advertised, on 1 July 1843, as a "Professor of Music, Singing, French, and Dancing", since she indicated that it was "at the request of several of her friends" that she was commencing a twice weekly "Dancing Class for Young Ladies" at her residence at the corner of Goulburn and Elizabeth Streets. (Concerning both the time of her arrival and the "request" of friends, note that Charriere recommended his dancing students to John Clark when he left Sydney in January 1843.) Another dancing teacher, Signor Carandini had first offered to teach the newly fashionable polka news of its vogue reached Sydney late in 1844, and in February 1845 he introduced the dance itself to Sydney theatre for the "first time in the colony".

In July, Dudemaine offered to teach "THE TRUE POLKA . . . Madame D. having been a pupil of the celebrated master MONSIEUR COULON, the first who introduced THE POLKA DANCE in the fashionable circles in Paris." Dudemaine may, at a pinch, have been taught by Jean-François Coulon (1764-1836) in Paris, but perhaps more likely by his son Eugène Coulon (from 1844 or earlier London based).

Nevertheless, her only known composition was not a polka, but Le pittoresque quadrille, a full set of five figures published by Francis Ellard in June 1846 and respectfully dedicated to Mrs. Bland, formerly Mrs. Eliza Smeathman, who married William Bland in February that same year.

At 35 or so, Dudemaine herself married Andrew Farrelly, a building contractor and brother of a local Catholic (Benedictine) priest, Patrick (Serenus) Farrelly, at St. Mary's Cathedral, in October 1849. She gave birth to a son in August 1850, and a second son (Serenus Michael Ernest) died, aged 9 months, in 1853. Having, as Madame Farrelly run a weekly quadrille night and regular dancing classes during the 1850s, she and her surviving eldest son, Charles Andrew Farrelly (1850-1885), but without husband (? had he died), left for England in 1861. She is listed in the 1881 British census as French-born widowed music-teacher, aged 67, living in lodgings in Liverpool, and reportedly died there during the first quarter of 1891 aged 78.

Andrew Farrelly, twice insolvent in Sydney, may not yet have been dead however. An Andrew Farrelly was in Queensland by 1862 when, on 29 July, he married the twice widowed Faithful Ezbery Hastings (c.1824-1915). In 1864, he took up a government appointment as poundkeeper at Gayndah. One of the oldest surviving pioneers of the Maryborough district, he died in 1898.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 January 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 June 1846), 1

NEW MUSIC. JUST PUBLISHED, THE PITTORESQUE QUADRILLES. Composed and arranged for the Pianoforte by Madame Dudemaine, To be had at her residence, 24, Park-street; or at Mr. Ellard's, George-street.

"MARRIED", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 October 1849), 3

MARRIED. By special license, by the Rev. J. C. Sumner, in St. Mary's Cathedral, Mr. A. Farrelly, brother to the Rev. P. Farrelly, to Florentine Dudemaine, of Park-street, Sydney.

NSW 293/1849 V1849293 96 gives her family name as Nicolas

"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1850), 8

Mundy 1852, vol. 1, 53 (and in later editions)

Certain it is that the "poor players" get a fairer share of applause than the same performances would secure at home. It would be a lesson to the used-up man of the world, to witness the raptures with which some of the public favourites, and their efforts histrionic, musical, and saltatory, are received and rewarded. Oh! it is delicious to mark the gratified countenances, and to hear the thundering plaudits which are especially awarded to the latter branch of theatric art. Well may Madame * * *, the Sydney Columbine and Maitresse de Danse, most spherical of Sylphides, bounce like an Indian-rubber ball; well may Signor * * * *, Harlequin and Dancing-master, half kill his fatted calves in acknowledgment of so much flattering approbation!

[Mundy is discussing the Sydney theatre here, since his arrival in 1846, and refers to Signor [Carandini]; but for Madame, his ellipses syllabically suggest it is not Madame Torning he has in mind, but perhaps Madame Dudemaine (Farrelly), albeit that she was never billed as appearing on stage or otherwise connected with the theatre.

"DIED", Empire (24 May 1853), 2

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 October 1855), 4

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 November 1855), 5

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 October 1858), 5

[Advertisement], Empire (25 June 1861), 7

. . . HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE. C. ADRAIN has received instructions from Madame Farrelly, in consequence of her leaving the colony, to sell by auction, on the premises, Bathurst-street, between Pitt and Castlereagh streets, on FRIDAY, 28th June, The whole of the household furniture, comprising - A first class pianoforte, double action, by Allison and Allison, cost eighty guineas . . .

"DEPARTURES FOR ENGLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1861), 9

"EPITOME", The North Australian (16 February 1864), 1 Supplement

1881 UK census

116 Stanley Road, Kirkdale, Liverpool, Florentine Farrelly, lodger, widow, aged 67, music teacher, born France

"Mr. Andrew Farrelly . . .", Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (19 April 1898), 2

"Old Chum" [Joseph Michael Forde], "OLD SYDNEY", Truth (27 April 1912), 10

Well, in the mid-fifties, Madame Farrelly used to hire the old "Poly" for ball purposes, and many a good dance I had there. Madame had her class in Mrs. Hill's old house, corner of Park and Pitt streets, but her big dances were in the old "Poly." John Clark, too, used to engage the old place for quadrille parties (they call them socials now). I was at one of Madame's parties, in 1857, the night the Catherine Adamson was wrecked, and a wet night it was. I think the old place was built [? not] long after Macquarie's time.

[J. M. Forde (1840-1829) was about 17 at the time]

"Old Chum" [Joseph Michael Forde], "OLD SYDNEY", Truth (25 August 1912), 12

. . . Teddy McLean married Miss Shapter. She was a very capable Columbine in the old days. Time was when I used to dance with her at Madame Farrelly's, Wm. Clark's, &c. . . .

"Old Chum" [Joseph Michael Forde], "Old Sydney", Truth (8 November 1925), 20

Musical work:

Le pittoresque Quadrille, pour le piano forte, par Madame Dudemaine, respectfully dedicated to Mrs. Bland (Sydney: F. Ellard, [1846]) (DIGITISED)


Brodsky 1962, 105

Bishop 2015

DUFFY, John (John DUFFY; William DUFFY)

Late bandmaster (Band of the 49th Regiment, India)

Born c. 1812/13
Arrived TAS, c. 1858
Died Mount Nelson, TAS, 12 December 1886


"THE MOUNT NELSON SIGNAL MAN", The Mercury (13 December 1886), 2

"Deaths", The Mercury (13 December 1886), 1

"TASMANIAN INTELLIGENCE", Launceston Examiner (13 December 1886), 3

William Duffy, signalman at Mount Nelson, died this morning at the advanced age of 74 years . . . Deceased had been 28 years at the Mount Nelson station, and was previously in the army some 20 odd years, and had attained the position, of bandmaster at the time of his discharge.

DUFFY, Thomas (alias FERGUSON; "Old Tom the fiddler")

Violinist, fiddler, convict

Arrived NSW, 20 August 1849 (convict per Randolph, from England, 24 April 1849)
Active Maitland, NSW, by September 1849
Died Nemingha, NSW, 5 August 1879


"DRUNKENNESS", The Maitland Mercury (5 September 1849), 2

. . . Thomas Duffy, a ticket-of-leave holder per Randolph, who had been apprehended on the race-course for being drunk and noisy, and having no authority about him for being in this district, was ordered to be forwarded to Sydney, and his ticket recommended to be cancelled; Duffy's statement was that he had been hired by a gentleman in Sydney, and was on his way up the country, when he was offered £2 by a publican to go and play the fiddle in one of the booths.

"BOGGABRI", Australian Town and Country Journal (19 July 1879), 38

The band is getting on wonderfully well; and if it be only able to retain the services of the present band-master, it will be quite a musical ornament to the town . . . A musician, known by the name of Tom the Fiddler, is in town, accompanied by another who plays the bones, penny-whistle, and triangle at one time. How he does it is as follows: he hangs the triangle on his tongue, blows the whistle with his nostril. The rest can be understood. Any one would give him a half-crown not to do it. What won't people do for money!

"TAMWORTH", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (12 August 1879), 7

On the 5th instant, at Mrs. M. A. Greer's Golden Sheaf Hotel, Nemingha, an inquest was held before Mr. D. W. Irving, District Coroner, and a jury consisting of Messrs. W. M'llveen, James Ballantine, Alex. M'Clelland, Richard Dempsey, and Lawrence Hinds, on view of the body of one Thomas Duffy, otherwise Ferguson. The deceased was known to many residents of this district as "Old Tom the Fiddler." He died in bed on the night of the 4th or morning of the 5th instant. From the evidence of John Lorimer, W. T. Smith, and Mrs. M. A. Greer, it appeared that deceased, who had been drinking somewhat heavily for several days, complained of palpitation of the heart. Dr. Wood, Government Medical Officer, deposed to having discovered, by means of a post-mortem examination, that the deceased suffered from fatty degeneration of the heart, considerable ossification of the aortic valves of the heart, traces of pleurisy, schirrhosus of the liver, and enlargement of the kidneys. All this disease was sufficient to account for death suddenly. The jury found "That Thomas Duffy, otherwise Ferguson, came to his death on the night of the 4th or morning of the 5th of August, 1879, in the Golden Sheaf Hotel, Nemingha, from disease of the heart."


Active Tasmania, 1839-52

DULY, Abraham Philip (Mr. A. P. DULY)
DULY, George Frederick (Mr. G. F. DULY)
DULY, Agnes (Miss DULY)

See Duly family mainpage:

DUMOULIN, Gustave Frederick

Violinist (pupil of Vieuxtemps, and tutor of Jenny Claus)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1874

DUMOULIN, Ferdinand

Pianist, teacher of music


Violinist (pupil of Jenny Claus)


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 November 1874), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 February 1875), 12

[News], The Argus (15 February 1875), 5

The Peoples Concert at the Temperance hall was densely crowded on Saturday evening and a highly enjoyable programme was gone through. The overture from "Il Trovatore" and duet from "Lucia di Lammermoor" on the violin and pianoforte by the Brothers Dumoulin were pleasingly rendered and met with an enthusiastic reception.

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 November 1875), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 November 1875), 12

"MARRIAGE", The Record and Emerald Hill and Sandridge Advertiser (11 February 1876), 2

"THE MELBOURNE GERMAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (16 August 1876), 10

Mr. Dumoulin played a violin fantasia, by Singelée, from "I Puritani." He produces a weak, sweet tone from the instrument, and is not great in the execution of passages requiring rapid fingering and brilliant execution.

"BIRTHS", The Argus (19 January 1880), 14

DUNCAN, The Misses (The Misses Duncan, Kelvin Grove)

Pianists, composers

Active Sale and Port Albert, Gippsland, VIC, 1862-70


The Gippsland Times in May 1862 announced the publication of three compositions by "the Misses Duncan, of Kelvin Grove, whose talents as both performers and composers have, for some time, been known to a private circle of friends". In the same issue, the local music seller, J. D. Leeson, begged to announce "the following NEW LOCAL MUSIC, composed and arranged for the PIANOFORTE by the MISSES DUNCAN (Kelvin Grove, Sale), The Avon waltz, dedicated to Mrs. Robert Thompson (Clyde Bank), The Lindenow schottische, dedicated to Mrs. John Davidson Smith (Lindenow), [and] The Gippsland Galop." The three works were published in Melbourne by Joseph Wilkie.


[News], Gippsland Times (23 May 1862), 3

[Advertisement], Gippsland Times (23 May 1862), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 June 1862), 3

"We have received three pieces . . .", The Argus (18 June 1862), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 July 1862), 3


[News], Gippsland Times (14 September 1869), 2

"PORT ALBERT WESLEYAN CHURCH", Gippsland Times (29 March 1870), 3

DUNCAN, William Augustine

Amateur musician, choral singer, arranger, songwriter, music reviewer, antiquarian, newspaper editor

Born Towie, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, 12 March 1811
Arrived Sydney, NSW, ? 1837
Active Maitland, NSW, 1838-39; Sydney, NSW, 1839-46; Brisbane, NSW/QLD, 1846-59
Died Petersham, Sydney, NSW, 25 June 1885 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


As a teenager, Duncan converted from Presbyterianism, and by the mid 1830s was was publishing in Aberdeen as a Catholic controversialist. He was recruited by William Ullathorne to come to Australia as a Catholic schoolmaster (see 1889:

Again, with Ullathorne's support and encouragement, in 1839 he became founding editor (and virtually sole contributor) of the politically progressive Catholic party newspaper, Australasian Chronicle, and from July 1843 of his own Weekly Register, of Politics, Facts and General Literature, both of which included Duncan's own prominent, if generally conservative, commentary on music and music making. Duncan's enthusiastic publicity pieces prior to music events, almost as much as his thoughtful and informed reviews afterward, are important sources of information on Sydney concert and theatre music, performance and reception, and especially on the activities of musicians and composers including Dr. James Reid (who also became one of his press correspondents and agents on Norfolk Island in 1840 at a time when he and Ullathorne were strongly supporting Alexander Maconochie's penal reforms); the Bushelles, Deanes, Gautrots, and Howsons; and Isaac Nathan (early rehearsals for whose first Australian opera Merry Freaks, Duncan reported attending).

He also reprinted in his newspapers biographies of major European composers and musical news from Europe.

Duncan wrote lyrics for two of Nathan's published songs, in 1841 for the "new national anthem" Long live Victoria (adapted to the music of a pre-existing English work, Long Live our Monarch, words: H. W. Montagu, published London, 1830, copy at British Library Music Collections H.1678.(7.)), and in 1842 for the "national song" Australia the wide and the free.

In December 1842, Duncan's review of Sydney composer Frederick Ellard's The Sydney Corporation quadrilles, criticising the use of a diminished chord, resulted in a lively published defence from Ellard (citing precedent in the music of Weber), and further comment from Duncan.

Duncan was also an amateur singer, probably a member of St. Mary's Cathedral Choir from as early as 1839, and certainly still in 1842, when December at a Requiem Mass at St. Mary's for the Duc d'Orleans his own paper reported:

In the choir the solemn Gregorian Missa pro defunctis was beautifully chaunted by the Very Rev. Vicar General Murphy, as cantor, assisted by the Rev. Mr. Magennis, Mr. Duncan, and Mrs. Curtis, and a select choir, and accompanied on the organ by Mr. Worgan.

Probably specifically for use at St. Mary's, Duncan also arranged, edited, and published adaptations of classical sacred music. In particular two numbers of his projected serial The sacred minstrel appeared in March and April 1841, containing adaptations of music by Mozart, Haydn, Pergolesi, Gluck, and Cramer.

In April 1842, he published his Adoro te devote ("adapted to . . . the prayer in Rossini's Moise in Egito"); in May a Kyrie eleison ("adapted to a morceau in A minor of Karl Heinrich Graun, and arranged for four voices and chorus, with An Accompaniment for the Organ or Pianoforte, by W. A. Duncan"); and in June he advertised "A Mass", "In the press, Gloria in Excelsis Deo, from Mozart, with an easy, compressed accompaniment. Also a complete Vespers service", though none of these survive, and they may well not ever have been printed.

Copies of neither number of he sacred minstrel appear in the bibliographic record (plausibly, some copies were consumed in the great fire at St. Mary's in 1865), so if anyone knows of the existence of copies of these lost Duncan prints I'd be extremely pleased to hear from them.

Duncan was also later involved with amateur music making in Brisbane, where in 1851 he was president of the Moreton Bay Amateur Musical Society, and in 1859 supported plans to form a choral society. A sale catalogue of his library issued after his death lists some music, but most of the valuable music collection he originally brought to Australia was reportedly sold in the mid 1840s when he was in financial difficulties. Even if it was reprinted from a homeland British source (though if so I have so far been unable to identify it), the verse doggerel description of "my music library" in the Chronicle in May 1842 probably reflects the breadth of his reading, parallelled in the colony at the time only by his friend Nathan.

Selected documentation:

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (27 March 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (30 March 1841), 3

"NEW PUBLICATIONS", Australasian Chronicle (30 March 1841), 2

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (8 April 1841), 1

"NEW PUBLICATION: THE SACRED MINSTREL NO. II", Australasian Chronicle (10 April 1841), 2

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (23 June 1842), 1

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (4 April 1842), 2

"NEW MUSIC", Australasian Chronicle (5 April 1842), 2

and [Advertisement], same issue, 1

"MUSIC", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 April 1842), 2

"NEW MUSIC-JUST PUBLISHED: ADORO TE DEVOTE", The Australian (5 April 1842), 2

"THE DESCRIPTION OF MY MUSICAL LIBRARY. A Doggrel", Australasian Chronicle (21 May 1842), 3

[Acknowledgement], The Australian (26 May 1842), 2

"New Music", The Sydney Herald (30 May 1842), 2

[Advertisement]: "SACRED MUSIC. Just published", Australasian Chronicle (9 June 1842), 3

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (23 June 1842), 1

[also quotes review from the Observer]

[Advertisement], same issue, 1

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (23 June 1842), 1

"NEW PUBLICATIONS", Australasian Chronicle (17 December 1842), 2

[Letter from Frederick Ellard]: "To the Editor", Australasian Chronicle (22 December 1842), 2

[includes Duncan's reply]

"THE LATE DUKE OF ORLEANS", Australasian Chronicle (13 December 1842), 2

"MORETON BAY AMATEUR MUSICAL SOCIETY", The Moreton Bay Courier (24 May 1851), 2

"Sydney Philharmonic Society", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1855), 5

"A CHORAL SOCIETY", The Moreton Bay Courier (1 January 1859), 2

"Death of Mr. W. A. Duncan", Australian Town and Country Journal (27 June 1885), 42

Literary publications:

Correspondence between the Rev. Mr. Stack, Protestant minister, and W. A. Duncan, Catholic schoolmaster, Maitland: with remarks on Mr. Stack's lecture upon the Man of Sin, delivered in the English Church, Maitland, March 6, 1839 (Sydney: Abraham Cohen, 1839)

"Notes of a ten years' residence in New South Wales", Hogg's Weekly Instructor [Edinburgh] 5 (1847; repr. 1850), 129-33, 147-50

Catalogue of the rare and valuable library of the late William Augustine Duncan ([Sydney]: A. Lewis, [1885])

On the above, see: Bathurst Free Press (26 August 1885), 3

The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1885), 16

See also:

Other musical works/arrangements:

While no copies of the 1841 prints The sacred minstrel have been identified, several similar arrangements by Duncan of short liturgical items set to the music of the classical masters (Mozart, Gluck, Haydn, Webbe, &c.) survive entered by him as manuscript additions on unprinted pages of his copy of the printed anthology A selection of the most favorite motetts, hymns, solos, duetts, &c. (London: Novello, [? 1860]), now in the Veech Library, Sydney; full details at:

Bibliography and resources:

Michael Roe, Duncan, William Augustine (1811-1885), Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

Margaret Payten, William Augustine Duncan 1811-1885: a biography of a colonial reformer (MA Thesis, University of N.S.W., 1967)

Peter Cochrane, Colonial ambition: foundations of Australian democracy (Melbourne University Press, 2006), especially 54-57 (PREVIEW)

and 114-16 (PREVIEW)

DÜNE, Jacob (DUNE)

Bandsman (Burton's Band)

Active, SA, 1856


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Düne, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Rodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Müller, and Christian Prothenbuck, known as "Burton's Band", appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same.

DUNLOP, Eliza Hamilton

Poet, songwriter, recorder and translator of Indigenous songs

Born Armagh, Ireland 1796
Arrived Sydney, NSW, February 1838 (per Superb)
Died Wollombi, NSW, 20 June 1880 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

See main page: 

DUNN, James

Convict, amateur musician, flute player

Active Sydney, NSW, 1833


"POLICE INCIDENTS. WEDNESDAY [30 January]", The Sydney Herald (4 February 1833), 2 

James Dunn was placed at the bar on the following charge. Prisoner, who is a moping, melancholy, lackidaisical looking fellow, contends that he was sent unjustly to this Colony and is therefore determined to slip his wind; in consequence of this determination he armed himself on Monday night with a razor, a prayer-book and a six-keyed flute, went into the kitchen, drew a table to the fire; seated himself in an arm chair, did a little psalmody, and then boldly took off his cravat, flourished the razor in the air and then incised his thorax in two places; fortunately, his master having an idea that all was not right, went into the kitchen just in time to prevent a third gash, the razor was taken away, wounds diessed, and he was conveyed to the watch, house. The prisoner declared it to be intention to perfect what he had begun; the Bench therefore sent him to cool by ten days residence in a cell.

? "NOTICE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 January 1836), 4 

THE Conditional Pardons granted to the undermentioned Persons are now lying at this Office, and will be delivered to the respective Parties on Payment of the Fees due thereon to the Public: . . .
Surrey (1), James Dunn . . .

Bibliography and resources:

? James Dunn, Surrey (1), Australian convicts 

DUNN, John Benjamin (DONOGHUE)

Comedian, dancer, delineator

Born Surrey, England, 1815 (? 1812)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by October 1856
Died Carlton, VIC, 19 August 1875, in his 62nd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"JOHN BENJAMIN DUNN, THE ENGLISH JIM CROW", Actors by daylight (15 December 1838), 329 (portrait), 330-31 (article);view=1up;seq=359;view=1up;seq=360 

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 October 1856), 8 

THEATRE ROYAL . . . THE OPERATIC SEASON Will shortly commence with the Grand Opera of MASSANIELLO; To be followed by THE MOUNTAIN SYLPH, and CINDERELLA, Supported by the English Operatic Company. MR. JOHN DUNN. the celebrated delineator of Negro character and the original ENGLISH JIM CROW, is engaged for a limited period, and will shortly appear.

"JOHN BENJAMIN DUNN, THE ENGLISH JIM CROW", The Courier (9 May 1857), 3 

John Benjamin Dunn (who is now in Launceston) sent forth his first crow in this breathing world in the County of Surrey, in the year 1815 [1812 . . . from Actors by daylight, above] . . .

"DEATHS", The Age (19 August 1875), 2

"ANNALS OF THE TURF. AND OTHER PASTIMES", Sydney Sportsman (20 July 1904), 3 

. . . Then there were the sisters M. A. and Emma Crisp, a Miss Johnstone, Mr. R. Phillips, and Mr. Campbell, father-in-law of John Dunn, a comedian who flourished in Melbourne in the fifties, sixties end seventies. His correct name Was John Benjamin Donohoe, and two of his daughters, Miss Rosa Dunn, now Mrs. L. L. Lewis, and Miss Marion Dunn, now Mrs. Marcus Clark, widow of the journalist and novelist, are well known to Australian readers. Of the Dunn family I shall have something to say at another time . . .

DUNN, Samuel

Destitute musician, "Lascar"

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 25 July 1838 (per Lady Hayes, from China)


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 July 1838), 2

"DUPLICITY", The Sydney Monitor (19 December 1838), 2

Samuel Dunn, one of the Lascars per Lady Hayes, who chose to stop here instead of proceeding home with his countrymen, accosted a gentleman in the street the other day, with the most piteous tale of distress, weeping as he told it, and declaring that to relieve himself from the burthen of life, he contemplated putting an end to his existence. He said he was destitute and friendless, in a strange country, and unable to procure a subsistence, being a musician, and unable to work or find employment of any kind. The party addressed took him to a gentleman of a charitable character, who volunteered to pay five shillings weekly for a lodging for him, and ordered a jacket, trousers, and shirt to be supplied, on condition that he was not an impostor. The person commissioned accordingly made enquiries the following morning, when the object of charity made his appearance at the Police Office, accused of assisting a mob in fighting two dogs in the streets the previous night, with being intoxicated, and with refusing to go away when ordered by the constable.

DURAND, Rosalie (Mrs. Frederick LYSTER)

Soprano vocalist (Lyster's company)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Died Sydney, NSW, 8 December 1866



[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

"IN MEMORIAM ROSALIE DURAND", Bell's Life in Sydney (15 December 1866), 3

"NOTES OF THE WEEK", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1866), 2

DURANT, Henri B. W. (M. Henri DURANT)

Professor of the Cornet-à-Piston and Clarionet

Active Sydney, and Maitland, NSW, and Melbourne, VIC, April-September 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


He first advertised as a teacher or cornet and clarinet in Sydney in April 1853, and was also advertised appearing in concert with Winterbottom's Band that month. His solo in Ernesto's The Duke of Cambridge galop proved popular and was programmed nightly, Henry Marsh having also published a sheet edition in April (The duke of Cambridge galop "as performed by Mr. Durant with Immense Success").

Durant took his benefit on 17 May, and later travelled with the band to Maitland and Melbourne. He was variously billed as "Principal Cornet-a-Piston, Royal Italian Opera, and her Majesty's private band", and "Principal Cornet-a-Piston, Jullien's Band",


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1853), 1

MUSIC. - Mr. H. B. W. Durant, Professor of the Cornet-à-Piston and Clarionet, wishes to inform amateurs and others that he has commenced giving lessons on the above instruments. Burnbank Hotel, Balmain.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1853), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (25 April 1853), 3

"PROMENADE CONCERTS A LA JULLIEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1853), 3

"PROMENADE CONCERTS", Empire (28 April 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 May 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (11 June 1853), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 August 1853), 8

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (1 September 1853), 4


Bandsman (Band of the 50th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1868


"WATER POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1868), 2

Corporal Mather of the 50th Regiment deposed that prisoner did not belong to the Regiment, but that he now wore the uniform which belonged to a bandsman. B. F. Durranto, the bandsman, identified the uniform as his, and stated that whilst he and prisoner were in a public-house together drinking, he allowed prisoner to put on his uniform. Prisoner left him down by the Parramatta steamer. Prisoner was discharged.


Band of the 50th Regiment (second tour)

DUST, James

Late bandmaster (46th Regiment)

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 20 September 1847 (per Thomas Lord, from New Zealand, 4 September)


James Dust, 46th regiment of foot, married Agnes Radford in Ireland in 1835; a daughter, Elizabeth, was born June 1841 (she married in Sydney, 1861); they sailed from Plymouth per Blenheim arriving in New Plymouth NZ, 1842 (family history online). The 46th Regiment had served in NSW 1814-17, when the bandmaster was Robert McIntosh, well before Dust's time. He presumably left the regiment shortly before emigrating to NZ.


[Wellington Jurors 1847], The New Zealand and Cook's Straits Guardian (?)

. . . Dust, James, Lambton quay, storekeeper . . .

Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:424396; MB2/39/1/9 P323

"Shipping Intelligence", Colonial Times (24 September 1847), 3

"MARRIAGES", Empire (12 September 1861), 1

[Advertisement], The Mercury (4 April 1885), 1

JAMES DUST, Band Master 46th Regiment, died in Hobart in about 1848. Persons knowing anything of above are requested to communicate with Mr. JOHN WILLIAMSON, Solicitor, Williamson's Chambers, 163, King Street, Sydney. Expenses paid.

"New Zealand Company's Land Claims", The New Zealand Gazette (25 October 1883), 1359

. . . 1584 / 1831 / James Dust / New Plymouth 632 / Jan. 1, 1847 . . .

DUTERRAU, Jane Sarah

Musician, music teacher, governess

Arrived VDL (TAS), 17 August 1832 (free per Laing)
Departed VDL (TAS), 1839 (for Glasgow)
Died Torquay, England, 1885


Jane Sarah Duterrau (Sarah in ADB; Sarah Jane, ? incorrectly, in DAAO) was the only daughter of the artist Benjamin Duterrau (1767-1851). A London agent for Ellinthorp Hall, Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark's Tasmanian private girls school, offered Benjamin and Jane positions there teaching drawing, music and French. But although these positions were duly filled by Henry Mundy, the Duterraus sailed for Tasmania nevertheless.

Jane probably never taught music publicly in Hobart, since in October 1832 she was appointed governess to the children of Lieutenant-Governor George Arthur. She married a merchant, John Bogle, in February 1838 and returned to Britain the following year.


"MARRIED", The Hobart Town Courier (9 February 1838), 2

"BIRTHS", Colonial Times (27 October 1840), 7

"BIRTHS", The Cornwall Chronicle (14 September 1850), 604

"AN HISTORICAL PAINTING. Work of Benjamin Duterau", The Mercury (18 July 1928), 10

Bibliography and resources:

A. Rand, "Duterrau, Benjamin (1767-1851)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)

"Benjamin Duterrau", Design & Art Australia Online (DAAO)

G. F. Stilwell, "Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark of Ellinthorp Hall", Tasmanian Historical Research Association 11/3 (April 1963), 72-109 (83)

DUTTON, Francis Stacker (Francis Stacker DUTTON; F. S. DUTTON)

Amateur pianist, vocalist, concert organiser (Melbourne Amateur Concert), composition prize judge (Gawler music prize)

Born Germany, 1818
Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), mid 1840 Active Adelaide, SA, 1840s (later Premier of South Australia)
Died London, 25 January 1877 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



For the Gawler Institute, on 4 November 1859, Dutton was a member of the judging committee of four (the others Holden, Ewing, and Chinner) that awarded the first prize for musical setting of The song of Australia  to Carl Linger.

At a concert in June 1850, Frederick Ellard's Sudaustralischer Galop was "Compose et dedie a M. Francois Dutton".


[Advertisement], Port Philip Gazette (14 November 1840), 2

Amateur Concert
In aid of the Funds of the Episcopalian Church.

AT a Meeting held at the Adelphi Hotel, on Friday the 13th Instant, Francis Dutton, Esq., in the chair.
It was unanimously resolved - "That a Concert for the above purpose should take place as soone as the necessary arrangements can be made.
Resolved - "That the following gentlemen, namely Messrs. Dutton, Sandford, Darke, Pullar, and Smith, be a Committee appointed for carrying out the arrangements, will full power to add to their number.
Resolved - "That an advertisement, signed by the Chairman of the present meeting be inserted in the puhlic Journals, requesting parties desirous of contributing their assistance to announce their intention to the Chairman of the Meeting without delay, stating what instrument or part in the performance they are capable of taking, or who can furnish a loan of Music to the Committee for the occasion.
Resolved - "That a deputation consisting of Messrs. Smith; Cavenagh, and Darke, be requested to wait upon the Rev. Mr. Forbes to ask the loan of the Presbyterian School-room, for holding the amateur Concert in aid of the funds of the Episcopalian Church.
Resolved - "That the same deputation be requested to wait upon his Honor the Superintendent and Mrs La Trobe soliciting the favour of their patronage.
Resolved - "That this Meeting be adjourned to Tuesday next, at the same hour and place." FRANCIS H. DUTTON. Chairman.

"THE CORPORATION", South Australian Register (25 June 1842), 2

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian (1 July 1842), 3

"LOCAL NEWS", South Australian (20 December 1848), 2

"MECHANICS INSTITUTE", South Australian (2 November 1849), 2

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", Adelaide Observer (31 July 1858), 5 

. . . The musical portion of the entertainment was divided into two parts, the lecture intervening. The two gentlemen amateurs announced to perform the duo-piano - the Overture to "Massaniello" - were the Hon. F. S. Button, Commissioner of Crown Lands, and Mr. Ewing. They were quite competent to do justice to Auber's brilliant music, and their accomplished instrumentation elicited not only an enthusiastic round of applause, but an earnest encore, which was kindly responded to by those gentlemen giving with, if possible, still greater spirit the Overture to "Oberon" by C. M. von Weber. The same gentlemen gave, as a duet on the piano, Schukoff's Victoria Waltz, and each took pianoforte part in duets, with Mr. R. B. White ou the violin. While Mr. White drew repeated plaudits for his masterly execution on the violin in an arrangement of the airs from "La Sonnambula" and variations of "Auld Lang Syne," Messrs. Dutton and Ewing were equally and as deservedly applauded for their exquisite performance in the same pieces on the piano . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 October 1859), 1

"GAWLER MUSIC PRIZE", South Australian Register (5 November 1859), 2

"MR. FRANCIS S. DUTTON", The Argus (30 January 1877), 6

"OLD-TIME MEMORIES", South Australian Register (10 August 1891), 6

. . . Then on June 10 [1858] old musical friends came to the fore, and gave a concert in White's Rooms in aid of the same [Indian Mutiny Relief] fund, when Mr. F. S. Dutton, who formulated the ninth Government of the colony, and was afterwards the first Agent-General, took part in playing a duet on the pianoforte from "Les Huguenots" with Mr. A. Newing, of the Commissariat Staff Department, the other performers being Madame Carandini and Signori Grossi and Laglaise.

Bibliography and resources:

Francis Dutton, South Australia and its mines, with an historical sketch of the colony (London: T. and W. Boone, 1846), 144

Amateur concerts are also of frequent occurrence, many being given for charitable purposes, at which the first ladies in the colony do not consider it beneath their dignity to assist.

Geoffrey Dutton, "Dutton, Francis Stacker", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)


DUTTON, William Henry

Violin player, convict

Born England, 1808/9
Arrived Van Diemen's Land (TAS), 1828 (per William Miles, sailed from England 15 March 1828)


William Henry Dutton, alias BARLTHRUP, aged 16 years, was convicted of stealing a handkerchief at the Old Bailey, London, on 30 June 1835. He was at Kirkham, NSW, by early in the 1830s. A transfer notice in 1834 describes him as "violin player". The previous year, W. H. Dutton of Kirkham was signatory to minutes of a meeting of "Gentlemen, Graziers, and others, residing in the Districts of Appin, Minto, and Cook"


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (3 October 1833), 3

"LIST OF TRANSFERS of Male Convicts, made in the Month of January last", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 April 1834), 3s

Dutton, W. H. [of] Kirkham, violin player, [transferred from] G. M. Slade"

Bibliography and resources:

DUVAL, Madame


Active Melbourne, VIC, August 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Dancers and musicians


Operatic and Acrobatic Danseuse

Died 12 June 1912


Operatic and Acrobatic Danseuse

Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 16 May 1904



Died Darlinghurst, NSW, 4 June 1912, aged 67



Active by 1891


[Advertisement], The Argus (3 December 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Mercury (21 January 1890), 3

"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", Launceston Examiner (4 February 1890), 3

[News], The Argus (2 January 1891), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1904), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 June 1912), 18

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 June 1912), 17

"IN MEMORIAM", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 June 1913), 8

See also: Harry Duvalli (Cartwright):

"Deaths", The Argus (23 February 1884), 1

 Related works:

The rose of England (a society skirt dance as danced by Mdlle. Rosalie Coutts Duvalli; composed by Dr. J. Summers) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co. [1893])


Actor, comic vocalist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by 3 January 1833
Active Adelaide, SA, until 1847
? Died Melbourne, VIC, July 1874 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


An actor in Sydney Theatre from 1833 and into the early to 1840s, Dyball was often also billed as a singer, especially of comic songs. He left Sydney for Adelaide in January 1844, and in 1846 was "Acting Manager" in the theatre there.

In a single report (21 January 1836) he is identified as Thomas Dyball. A Thomas Dyball, convict per Sarah, described as a "sailor", was sentenced for life in England on 28 March 1829, sailed for NSW on 22 August 1829, and received a conditional pardon in 1848/


"SYDNEY THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (3 January 1833), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (15 July 1833), 3

"COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 January 1836), 3 

William Daniel was indicted for falsely fabricating an order purporiing to be from Mrs. Laidley of Darlinghurst, for a ticket of admission to the upper circle of the boxes of the Sydney Theatre in the month ot October last, with intent to defraud William Knight, and Thomas Dyball, two persons connected with the Theatrical Establishment, who took a joint Benefit on that occasion . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (26 February 1838), 3

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Australian (9 January 1844), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (28 October 1846), 1

? "Funeral Notices", The Argus (28 July 1874), 8 

THE Friends of the late Mr. JAMES DYBALL, late of the Prince of Wales Opera-house, are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, Melbourne General Cemetery. The funeral will move from his late residence, 3 Ridgway-street, off Little Collins-street east, THIS DAY, 28th Inst, at 3 o'clock p.m.



Active Sydney, NSW, 1835


Dyer was listed as a violinist for the forthcoming season at Sydney's Theatre Royal in May 1835.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (4 May 1835), 3

DYER, Benjamin Bissell (Mr. B. B. DYER)

Professor of dancing, flute and violin

Born England, 1795/6
Arrived Fremantle, WA, January 1830
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by April 1839
Active Hobart and Launceston, VDL (TAS), until 1850
Died Brighton, TAS, 14 November 1875, in his 80th year


A family historian traced Dyer from his departure from London in 1829 on the Wanstead to his arrival in January 1830 in Fremantle Western Australia, his arrival in Sydney in 1833, his marriage, and his later move to Tasmania.

Dyer was new in Hobart when he advertised in April 1839 his intention to open a "Dancing Academy", having been "for upwards of Twenty Years . . . engaged in his profession, in conjunction with his brothers in Lincolnshire and the adjoining counties." He also offered to teach flute and violin. In 1842 he advertised that, presumably by post, he had "just received from his Brothers (Professors of Dancing in England) that much-admired Finishing or Breaking-up Dance, as now danced at Her Majesty's Balls" offering to give in instruction in it and "the Victoria Quadrilles". He held a Tradesman's Ball in Hobart on 31 December 1849, but thereafter appears to have changed professions. He was appointed postmaster at Brighton in 1861.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (25 February 1833), 2

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (16 April 1839), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (28 January 1842), 1

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (17 January 1840), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (16 January 1847), 6

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (18 May 1849), 3

"THE GAZETTE", The Mercury (13 August 1861), 2

"DIED", The Mercury (16 November 1875), 1

DYER, Mr. J. (? Joseph DYER)

Theatrical dancer

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1844; Melbourne, VIC, and Adelaide, SA, 1847


Possibly related to the above, "Mr. J. Dyer, from the Hobart Town, Launceston, and Melbourne Theatres", also billed as "the unrivalled Hornpipe Dancer" appeared at the Royal Adelaide Theatre in December 1847. He is probably the same Mr. Dyer who danced at the Queen's Theatre, Melbourne, in March 1847.


[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (3 May 1844), 3 

Dancing. THE Undersigned beg most respectfully to acquaint the Ladies and Gentlemen of Hobart Town, that they have commenced teaching in the above profession, the particulars of which may be known on application at No. 41, Brisbane-street. THOMAS DENHAM. JOSEPH DYER. Hobart Town, April 23, 1844.

"Queen's Theatre Royal", The Melbourne Argus (9 March 1847), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (4 December 1847), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 December 1847), 2

DYER, Joseph

Journalist, lecturer on music, music reviewer, critic, amateur vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1853


Dyer was a reporter on the Sydney Empire by July 1853, and in August and October 1854 gave lecture on British ballads at the Mechanics' School of Arts, where from 1855 he was secretary. He was secretary of the Sydney Vocal Harmonic Society in 1858, of the University of Sydney Music Festival in 1859, and later of the Sydney Philharmonic Society. He was also editor of The Sydney Magazine in 1859, to which he probably contributed two articles on music, "Music for the People" (109), and "The Music Festival" (229)


"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1853), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (26 August 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1858), 1

"SCHOOL OF ARTS", Empire (30 August 1854), 5

[Advertisement], Empire (14 October 1854), 8

"MUSICAL LECTURE", Empire (13 March 1855), 4 

"MARRIED", Empire (9 April 1855), 4

"MECHANICS' SCHOOL OF ARTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1855), 2-3 

. . . The vocal efforts of Mrs. St. John Adcock were noted with plaudits they deservedly won. Mons. Paling was enchored [sic] in his performance on the violin. A song considerable merit, composed by him (Mons. Paling) for the occasion, and sung by Mr. Dyer, was heartily applauded. The lines were by Captain Hampton. The secretary of the institution also sung "The Leather Bottel," with much effect. The assembly separated at about half-past ten, feeling that an intellectual treat had been afforded them, and no doubt hoping that the entertainment would be repeated at no distant day. We must say that the general arrangements, both in the hall and the refreshment room, reflected great credit upon the secretary, Mr. Dyer.

"THE SYDNEY UNIVERSITY MUSIC FESTIVAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 June 1859), 2

DYNES, William

Fiddler, violinist, violin player, convict

Active Sydney, NSW, 1826


"THE POLICE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 March 1826), 3

William Dynes, prisoner of the crown, found fiddling at a late hour in a house on the rocks, on Saturday night last, and when taken into custody and on his way to the watch-house, violently and wantonly broke the fiddle, the properly of another person. - 25 lashes.

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2020