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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–E

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–E", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia): ; accessed 19 September 2019

- E -


Drummer (12th Regiment)

Died Paddington, Sydney, NSW, 8 September 1860, aged 21

Summary (after Chapman):

Eagan was born in Athlone Ireland in 1839 and enlisted as a boy in the 12th Regiment on the 10th February 1852 aged 13. He was a Drummer with the 1st Battalion when it arrived in Melbourne Australia in October and November 1854. Eagan was the first military casualty at the Eureka gold fields Ballarat where he was shot in the leg by a miner as a detachment of the 1st Battalion entered the gold fields on the evening of the 28th November 1854 after a forced march of two days from Melbourne. Promoted to Private shortly after the Eureka Rebellion he was re-appointed Drummer in July 1859. He died from a heart-related condition at Victoria Barracks Paddington in Sydney and was interned in the Roman Catholic burial grounds.

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "Drummer boy John Egan (Regiment No. 3059) Eureka's first military casualty", Australia's red coat regiments


Band of the 12th Regiment

EAGLE, Edward

Drummer, New South Wales Corps (unclear whether he was ever in Australia)

Born c.1783 (14 at time of mutiny in 1797)
Active c.1797-1805


"MUTINY ON BOARD THE LADY SHORE", Carlisle Journal (5 January 1805), 4

In the four Spanish frigates which were lately taken, four Englishmen were found. The frigates were bound from South America to Cadiz. The account they gave of themselves was, that they had been prisoners of war in Buenos Ayres, in consequence of being on board the Lady Shore transport, bound for Botany Bay, in which a mutiny took place, and the Captain and Officers murdered, the mutineers carried the ship into Montevideo; and that they had been released by the order of the Government of Spain, and were to landed at Cadiz, and conveyed to England at the expence of that Government. This account was transmitted the Secretary of State's Office, with their names, viz. John Brown, Edward Eagle, Francis Ward, and Launcelot Knowles. An information being sent that they were arrived in the River, Sir R. Ford sent for them last Monday. They have since undergone several examinations, and the account they have given is follows: Edward Eagle said, was drummer in the New South Wales Corps; that he was on board the Lady Shore when the mutiny took place, that had no share in it; he was then only fourteen years of age ... three remain in custody; one of them, that was a drummer, is to go for a soldier.

Bibliography and resources: 


Dancing master

Active Sydney, NSW, 1830


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 June 1830), 1 

DANCING. MR. EARL, from Hunter's River, most respectfully informs the Ladies and Gentlemen of Sydney and its Vicinity, that he intends opening a School on Monday the 14th of July, at Mr. SANDWELL'S Long Room, where a variety of the most fashionable DANCING will be introduced, comprising Quadrilles, Waltzes, Scotch, English, and Irish Dances. Mr. E. previous to his arrival in this Colony, was a Teacher in the Profession in the first circles of the north of England, for upwards of 8 years, and has been instructed by the first Teachers in London and Edinburgh. Those Parents and Guardians who may confer on him the honour of intrusting their children to his care, may rest assured that no exertion on his part will be wanting to merit a continuance of their favours. TERMS. Two guineas per quarter, One guinea in advance. Attendance, Tuesdays and Fridays, from 6 till 8 o'clock in the evening. Private Families attended upon as any best suit their convenience.


Orchestral musician

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854


[Advertisement], Empire (25 August 1854), 1

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (26 August 1854), 3

EARLE, Anthony

Died Melbourne, VIC, 29 April 1866, aged 25


[News], The Argus (3 May 1866), 4

Dr. Youl held an inquest yesterday upon the body of Anthony Earle, aged twenty-five years, a musician, who was taken into the hospital on last Sunday night, and died soon afterwards.

EARLE, Horace

Song recorder

Born London, England, 1831
Arrived VIC, c.1851
Died Brisbane, QLD, 2 June 1919 (NLA persistent identifier)


"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (3 June 1919), 9


The bushman's song , in Horace Earle, Ups and downs; or, incidents of Australian life (London: A. W. Bennett, [1861]), 286-87

In towns, to the desks people's noses are tied ... CHORUS: Then hey! For the forest, the green wood around, And kangaroo, 'possum and cattle ...

Bibliography and resources:

EASDOWN, Miss (Louisa Maria ?)

Soprano vocalist (pupil of James Schott)

Active 1868-70

EASDOWN, Percy Laura (Miss Percy EASDOWN)

Contralto vocalist (pupil of James Schott)

Born Higham, Kent, England, 3 January 1847
Active 1868-72
Died 1878, aged 30


[News], The Argus (1 February 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Ballarat Star (6 December 1867), 3

"CONCERT AT ST. GEORGE'S HALL", The Argus (26 May 1868), 5

Miss Easdown and Miss Percy Easdown, two pupils of Herr Schott, were the other lady singers, and the latter will assuredly become a great favourite. Good contraltos are rare, and Miss Percy bids fair to establish her reputation in that character. The elder sister has a pretty soprano voice, and will always be a welcome addition to our too meagre list of lady vocalists.

"MADAME BISHOP'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (13 April 1869), 5

"CONCERTS AT THE TOWN HALL", The Mercury (22 November 1869), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (25 April 1870), 4

"THE SIMONSEN CONCERTS", South Australian Register (27 June 1871), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 April 1872), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Family history


Music Master

Active Melbourne, July 1849


[Advertisement], The Argus (30 July 1849), 3

EAST, James

Clarionet player


Ophicleide player

Active Australia, 1850


"EMIGRATION", South Australian Register (5 July 1850), 4

I am still a teetotaller (for thirteen years); we have built a hall eighty feet long, which cost us £600, have weekly meetings, and a band of music which cost £200, of which I am trustee, as also a trustee in the building. We are also starting a Rechabite Hall. I play the ophicleide, James the clarionet.


Minstrel, banjo player

Arrived Hobart, TAS, 30 July 1877 (per Albion, from New Zealand)
Died Sydney, NSW, 23 June 1899

Hosea Easton, African-American minstrel and actor, Melbourne, c. 1880 (T. Noble & Co.); National Library of Australia


"ARRIVED", The Mercury (20 July 1877), 2

"THEATRE ROYAL", The Mercury (2 August 1877), 2

"MR. HOSEA EASTON'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 March 1899), 8

A banjo, guitar, and mandolin concert will be given at Quong Tart's Elite Hall to-night as a benefit to that brilliant banjoist, Mr. Hosea Easton, who has recently been ill. Mr. Harry Rickards and the American Banjo Club, headed by Mi. W. J. Stent, will appear, as well as Misses Nita Clarke, Cleary, Kathleen Pardon, Sara Burrell (juggler), Messrs. Ernest Hoskins, Howard Chambers, George Hellings, Tod Callaway, H. Whitehead, and Hosea Easton.

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. HOSEA EASTON", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 June 1899), 6

The funeral of the late Mr. Hosea Easton took place at the Waverley Cemetery yesterday. The deceased who was well known as a member of the Hicks Minstrel Company, which visited Sydney some years ago, was said to have been the original coloured Uncle Tom in "Uncle Tom's Cabin" in Australia. As a banjo soloist Mr Easton's fame was worldwide ... the hearse being preceded by McAdoo's minstrel band, who played a number of funeral marches en route to the cemetery. Mr Harry Rickards was present, as were also the members of the Tivoli Theatre, the McAdoo Minstrel Troupe, Mr. J. C. Leete, Mr. Harry Skinner, Mr. R. H. Douglass, and a number of others connected with the theatrical profession ...

"HOSEA EASTON'S FUNERAL", Evening News (26 June 1899), 5

"GOLDEN DAYS, Theatrical Memories (BY H.E.W.)", Albany Advertiser (31 October 1946), 11


Member of Charles B. Hicks's Georgia Minstrels; teacher of Bessie Campbell


Vocalist, hairdresser

Active Melbourne, VIC, by August 1851
Died Corowa, NSW, 1881 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

EASTWICK, Wilhelmina (Miss BASSMANN)

Teacher of Music

Born London, England, c.
Active Sydney, NSW, 1850s
Died Orange, NSW, January 1917, aged 83 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

EASTWICK, Alice (died Sale, VIC, 1909), Caroline, Charlotte, & Henry

Juvenile vocalists


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1855), 1

CONCERT-TO-NIGHT - at the School of Arts. The public are respectfully informed that Miss BASSMANN and Mrs. FAIRBURN'S CONCERT takes place THIS EVENING, when they will be assisted by the following talented artistes: the celebrated tenor, Mr. Fairchild; Mr. Stewart ; and Miss A. Hart, her first appearance as vocalist.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (11 January 1858), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (11 January 1858), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (15 January 1858), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (17 March 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 March 1858), 1

"MARRIAGES", Empire (20 July 1858), 4

On Monday, the 19th instant, by the Rev. Dr. Lang, Mr. Henry Eastwick, Vocalist, of Crown-street, Surry Hills, to Wilhelmina Bassmann, Teacher of Music, a native of London.

"INSOLVENT COURT", Empire (9 May 1861), 2

"ESTATES SURRENDERED ...", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1861), 5

"WAGGA WAGGA BAND CONCERT", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (11 May 1870), 2

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (18 June 1870), 3

"MUSIC IN WAGGA WAGGA. To the Editor", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (7 June 1871), 2

. . . Still further to diffuse knowledge of the "divine art" Mrs. Eastwick, it is said, purposes teaching a pianoforte class upon terms so easy as to be within the reach of all ... The Eastwick Family, I hear, are about to give another juvenile musical entertainment. It has been some time in preparation, will be unusually good, and ought to be attended by every child in the town over six years of age.

[Advertisement], Wagga Wagga Advertiser (13 April 1872), 3

"ITEMS OF NEWS", Wagga Wagga Advertiser (2 September 1874), 2

"PERSONAL", The Forbes Advocate (9 January 1917), 2 

Mrs Eastwick, a very old resident of Orange, died last week, aged 83 years. In her younger day she was the leading pianist of the district.

EBURN (Mr., ? J. EBURN, ? John EBURNE)

Musical performer, vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, November 1839 - June 1840


[Ship news], The Colonist (13 November 1839), 2 

Passengers by the Britannia, for Port Phillip, this day, cabin - Dr. Clark, Messrs. Whitehead, Sutherland, and W. Presscott. Steerage - J. Eburn, G. Simpson, E. Millidge and wife . . .

"CONCERT", Port Philip Gazette (10 June 1840), 3 

CONCERT. - A vocal concert was given on the evening of Monday last, in Mr. Barrett's large room, Little Collins-street. The performers on this occasion were Messrs Mills and Eburn, assisted by an amateur. The songs in general were given with good effect, the attendance was numerous and respectable, and the whole affair went off with considerable eclat. We must not omit to notice the handsome manner in which the room was fitted up, displaying in its arrangements the utmost attention to the comfort and convenience of the audience.

"Vocal Concert", Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (11 June 1840), 3 


Master of the Band of the 80th Regiment, captain and music instructor of Hawkesbury Volunteer Rifles band

Active with regiment, NSW, 1836-44
Died Windsor, NSW, 16 August 1878 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also:

Band of the 80th Regiment


[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (2 October 1839), 3

"ST. GEORGE'S BALL", The Sydney Monitor (12 June 1840), 2

"THE BAND OF THE 80TH REGIMENT", The Sydney Herald (23 June 1842), 3

... Mr. Audjatant [sic] is the band-master.

"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (30 August 1842), 2

"THE MILITARY BAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 November 1842), 3

"MASONIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 December 1842), 2

"MILITARY DIVERSIONS", The Australian (20 June 1844), 3


... Mr. MORTLEY, sergeant of the band responded. If the band deserved any praise, it should be given to their worthy captain for his unceasing labours, in endeavouring to perfect them in a knowledge of music.

"WINDSOR", Empire (7 October 1869), 4

"WINDSOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 August 1878), 6

"TO THE EDITOR", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (28 April 1906), 8

"EARLY SETTLERS", Windsor and Richmond Gazette (25 November 1932), 9

Other references:

Luigi Cherubini (trans. J. A. Hamilton), A course of counterpoint and fugue, Volume 1 (2nd edn.; London: R. Cocks, 1841), xi

[in list of subscribers] ... Egerton, Mr. Samuel, Bandmaster, 80th Regiment ...

The Australian almanac ... 1867 (Sydney: John L. Sherriff, 1867), 230

Hawkesbury Volunteer Rifles Captain Samuel Edgerton.

James Steele, Early days of Windsor, N.S. Wales (Sydney: Tyrell's Ltd, 1916), 134

EDLIN, Henry

Concert promoter

Active Adelaide, SA, 1853-54


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (29 March 1854), 1

"PROMENADE CONCERT", South Australian Register (5 April 1854), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 May 1854), 2


EDOUIN, Charles (stage name of Charles Edwin BRYER; Edwin Charles BRYER; Mr. Edwin BRYER)

Musician, musical director, orchestra leader, actor, entertainer

Born c. 1832
Active VIC, by 1857
Married Elizabeth Louisa NAYLOR, St. Mark's, Fitzroy, VIC, 22 April 1863
Died between Lucknow and Agra, India, 9 May 1869, aged 37 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


EDMONDS, Harriet


Active Sydney, NSW, 1829


"THE CONCERT", The Australian (21 October 1829), 3 

. . . "In gaudy courts with aching hearts" was next sung, by Mrs. Edmonds and Mr. Aldis, with good effect; and at the conclusion there rung through the house the cry encore, encore; in place of a solo on the clarionet, though not "omitted by particular desire," the wind instruments and violins struck up an overture. Mrs. Edmonds sung "Ye banks and braes of Boony Doon," with an encore . . . "Poor Mary Ann," a simple little ballad, known to most tyros on the German flute, and which, on this occasion, was sung as a quartette, followed next, Mrs. Edmonds sustaining the treble . . .

Colonial Secretary LC, Cash vouchers 1829, State Archives NSW, 4/296 (transcr. Rushworth 1988, 363)

[St. James's Church], Chaplain Hill, £250 [per annum]; Clerk, 20; Collector of Pew Rents, 5; Sexton, 20; Beadles (2), 15 each; Pew openers (2), 10 each; Teacher of the Choir and Organist, Mr. Pearson, £26 ; ditto, for tuning the organ, 8; Singers, Harriet Edmonds, 10; Ann Lancaster, 5; E. Hoare, J. Parton, G. Shepherd, Wm. Aldis, R. Cooper, S. Pawsey, 5 each; Organ blower, Geo. Mills, 4 6s 8d; Watchman, 13; Grave Digger, 13.


Harp player

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1853 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"CONCERT", The Argus (8 July 1853), 5

... A solo on the harp by Mr. Edwards was deservedly well received ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1853), 8 

MECHANICS INSTITUTION - Weekly Concert. This Evening, Thursday 28th July ... Vocal - Mrs. Testar, Miss Martin, Mr. Taunton, (Their first appearance). Instrumental - Harp, Mr. Edwards (his first appearance), Violin, M. Paltzer, Cornet a Piston, Signor Maffei and Mr. Stewart, Pianoforte, Mr. Sullivan (his first appearance) ...


Vocalist, ? bass, baritone (Hobart Town Choral Society)

Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1842-46
Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 7 February 1846 (passenger per Gilbert Henderson, for London)

Query ? = John EDWARDS of Sydney below; ? = Mr. EDWARDS of Adelaide below


"LOCAL", The Courier (25 November 1842), 2 

On the preceding evening (Tuesday,) about three hundred persons assembled at the Catholic Chapel, in Macquarie-street, for the purpose of hearing the Oratorio, which had been gratuitously undertaken by the professional talent of the town in aid of the funds for that building ... Besides the vocal powers of Mrs. Clarke's company, appeared a Mr. Edwards, in the fine musical production entitled "The last Man." This gentleman, though possessing a good bass voice, is evidently deficient in the theory of the art. Replete with recitatives and bold transitions as is the piece selected for his debut, Mr. Edwards allotted to himself a task beyond his means of accomplishment, and (determined that he should have the music as well as the world to himself,) by bidding adieu to the accompaniment, exposed the foible which characterises his attempts of pieces so elaborate, viz., a want of cultivation, destroying the merits of a naturally good voice ...

"THE ORATORIO", Colonial Times (29 November 1842), 3 

On Tuesday evening last above two hundred persons assembled in St. Joseph's Church, Macquarie-street, for the purpose of hearing the Oratorio. We were sorry to perceive so many vacant seats, and could not help mentally inquiring how it was that several most respectable and wealthy of the Catholic body were absent on such an occasion; the majority of the audience were Protestants, and the receipts amounted to between £70 and £80. The pieces selected shewed great taste and judgment, and were upon the whole very fairly performed. When the services of performers arc gratuitously given, we ought not to be too hypercritical, we were, therefore, sorry to read in a contemporary of Friday a critique upon Mr. Edwards who sung the beautiful piece of "the last man" in a style that gave the utmost gratification to all present; the critique betrays evident jealousy and envy, the former as we understand the critic considers "the last man" a sort of forte of his own, and the latter, as he much lacks that of which Mr. Edwards is so liberally possessed, viz., A GOOD VOICE.

"CONCERT", Colonial Times (6 February 1846), 3 

A miscellaneous concert, "in aid of the funds of the Choral Society," was given last evening in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute ... Amongst the vocalists, we recognised Messrs. M'Gregor, Allen, and Madame Gautrot; and Mr. Edwards, well known to many of us, highly gratified the audience by his singing generally, and especially by his execution of the fine bass song, "Friend of the Brave." ...

"CHORAL SOCIETY", The Observer (10 February 1846), 3 

A Concert, in aid of the funds of this society, took place on Thursday evening, in the Lecture-hall of the Mechanics' Institute. About sixty persons were present, and it is not surprising that there were so few, as only two days' notice was given of the Concert. The performance was good, opening with the Overture to De la Caravanne, which was played with spirit and in good time. The burthen of the entertainment was thrown on Mr. Edwards, who has sailed for England in the Gilbert Henderson, whose masterly performance of "Friend of the Brave" and "The Land" gained him deserved applause ...

"SHIPPING NEWS", The Courier (11 February 1846), 2 

"THE CHORAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT", The Courier (11 February 1846), 2

This was a Concert worthy of the name. We have no hesitation in asserting that it has had no equal in Hobart Town, and, in the absence of Mr. Edwards, is not very soon likely to be equalled again . . . In the songs, Mr. Edwards well earned the palm which there were none to contest. With considerable compass and fullness of voice, there was a pervading mellowness of tone and a degree of pliancy and management which even in lands richer in the resources of musical talent, we have not often heard surpassed. His "Molly Carew," admirably given in the appropriate serio-comic style, and "The Land," were rapturously encored. It is much to be regretted that the society cannot longer avail itself of his valuable assistance ...


Bass vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1840-44

Query ? = John EDWARDS of Sydney below; ? = Mr. EDWARDS of Hobart Town, above


A bass vocalist, who from contextual comments appears to have been a musical professional, Edwards's repertoire included Handel's Arm, arm ye brave (1844) and Neukomm's Mariners of England (1840).


"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 February 1840), 4

"DINNER TO DAVID McLAREN, ESQ.", South Australian Register (2 January 1841), 3

"QUEEN'S THEATRE. BENEFIT OF MR. LAZAR", South Australian Register (8 May 1841), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (13 August 1841), 1

"THE CONCERT", South Australian Register (21 August 1841), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (24 February 1844), 2


Professor of music, violinist, pianist, bass vocalist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 17 June 1825 (per Harvey, from London, 5 January)
Active Sydney, NSW, until June 1844; ? Balmain, NSW, 1860 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

As of mid 2017, I have so far been unable to trace John Edwards prior to his arrival in Sydney, in the years between 1837 and his reappearance in Sydney as an old man in 1860, or after 1860. However, given the similarity of description, it would seem at least possible, and perhaps even likely that the Edwards who were bass singers in Hobart and Adelaide, both above, were the same man.

According to the manuscript records of the Worshipfull Company of Musicians, on 10 July 1805, a John Edwards, son of John Edwards, late of Seymous Court, Chandos Street, musician, deceased, was bound apprentice to Neville Butler Challoner (1784-1851), musician, of No. 25 Greek Street (A biographical dictionary of actors, actresses, musicians ... vol. 3, 1978, 17:; on Challoner, see: 


John Edwards was the first of Sydney's leading professional musicians not to be a military bandsman. A "professor of music from London", he announced his arrival in New South Wales in June 1825 advertising "a selection of the best pianofortes from the manufactory of Messrs. Broadwood ... also violins and other musical instruments, with an assortment of fashionable music", and trusting "that his experience as a teacher of the pianoforte, violin, and singing in the metropolis of England ... and the very flattering testimonials with which Sir G. Smart, and other eminent professors honoured him on his leaving England" would recommend him as an instructor.

Filling a gap in the fledgling local trade created when Robert Campbell ceased to operate, Edwards became Sydney's second dedicated music retailer, eventually opening his own Music and Musical Instrument Warehouse in Underwood's Buildings, at 9 George Street, in January 1827. But the author of a "Walk through Sydney in 1828" noted: "Music Warehouse, but should be Gunsmith; the window being darkened with rows of unmusical pipes . . . , full of no one knows how many ghastly forms of death; instead of the gentle Ariels . . . which dwelt there before", suggesting that Edwards had by then either diversified his stock, or already, later in 1828, relinquished the business.

With bandmasters George Sippe and Thomas Kavanagh, Edwards was a director of the Sydney Amateur Concerts that ran from June 1826 to January 1827. During the series, in June Edwards ("a deep full toned bass") sang a recitative and air from William Horsley's The tempest, in July he played a violin sonata by Corelli, accompanied by Sippe on cello, and in August took his Benefit (series to be fully documented elsewhere). Late in 1826 or early 1827, Edwards also "devot[ed] some months to the training of St. James's Choir, gratis", though "because his services were not duly appreciated by the Clerical Authorities" resigned, after which James Pearson took over, though as late as September there were some who wanted him appointed organist.

He was perhaps the John Edwards who received a grant of land in September 1825, for in July-August 1828 he advertised that he was "on the eve of settling on his Farm" and had transferred his retail stock to Messrs. Ferris and Chapman (though they do not seem to have developed their music retail business, and Edwards's stock may actually have passed to Barwise). However, a little over a year later, in August 1829 Edwards was back in Sydney, probably at the behest of Barnett Levey to direct the music at his September concert, Edwards advertising into October that he was giving instruction again "to a limited number of Pupils (in Sydney only)". This visit to Sydney was either extended or followed up by another beginning in February 1830, when, in the midst of a depression, The Australian noted that he had "very considerably reduced his terms of instruction to suit the exigencies of the times".

How long Edwards persevered is not clear; however, he was back again in February 1831 when he and Sippe presented another concert, and for yet another jointly presented by them in September 1832. A year later still, in September-October 1833, Edwards took over leading the orchestra (reportedly to be "composed of Civilians") at Levey's Theatre. However, there continue to be long gaps in his documented activities, perhaps caused by illness. In July 1834, "several gentlemen" were planning a concert "for the benefit of Mr. Edwards, late Leader of the Orchestra at the Royal Theatre Hotel", only to have Edwards announce a few days later that he was recovered sufficiently to direct a concert himself. It failed to eventuate, however, and in October 1835 Edwards again advertised that he was "resuming his professional avocations" as a teacher "after his late long and serious indisposition", and yet again in June 1837, after "having taken the benefit of a long residence in the country".

Notably, during 1836 and 1837 he appears to have had no public association at all with either of the recently arrived string players, William Vincent Wallace or John Philip Deane, and after mid-1837 he disappears from record until he directed a monthly concert for the Cecilian Society in January 1840. In September-October 1842, and again in December 1843, he announced "that at the suggestion of some of his friends, he has resumed his profession".

He may well be either or both of the "Mr Edwards" active in Hobart and Adelaide in the early 1840s (see immediately above). And he is probably the John Edwards, still offering instruction in singing, pianoforte, and violin in Balmain in 1860.

On Edwards's role in the Sydney Amateur Concerts 1826-1827: 

On Edwards as an importer of Broadwood pianos: 


EDWARDS, John. Free settler; Colonial Secretary Index, 1788-1825 

1824-Oct-26 Permission to proceed to New South Wales as a settler; on arrival to receive a grant of land (Fiche 3087; 4/1837A No.311 p.219)

1825-Oct Of 61 Pitt Street. Memorial (Fiche 3130; 4/1841B No.254)

1825-Nov On list of persons who have received orders for grants of land (Fiche 3266; 9/2652 p.90); on list of lands granted and reserved by Sir Thomas Brisbane (Fiche 3269; 9/2740 p.11)

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 June 1825), 2

[Advertisement], The Australian (30 June 1835), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 September 1825), 1

SURVEYOR GENERAL'S OFFICE, AUGUST, 30, 1825. GRANTS of LAND are now ready for Delivery at this Office . . . Edwards, John . . .

[Advertisement], The Australian (17 November 1825), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 October 1835), 1 Supplement 

Surveyor General's Office, 21st Sept. 1825. GRANTS of LAND for the undermentioned Persons, are now ready for Delivery at this Office . . . Edwards John . . .

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (10 June 1826), 3

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 July 1826), 3

"Subscription Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 January 1827), 2

[News], The Monitor (20 January 1827), 2

[Letter] "To the Editor", The Monitor (6 April 1827), 5

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Monitor (12 June 1827), 5

[Advertisement], The Monitor (3 July 1827), 6

[News], The Australian (6 September 1827), 2

[Advertisement], The Monitor (22 November 1827), 3

MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENT WARE HOUSE, NO. 9. GEORGE STREET. MR. EDWARDS begs to announce to the public, that in addition to his late Investment per Alacrity, he has just received by the Mary, an Assortment of Musical Instruments of various descriptions; and has the honour of offering for inspection; Barrel Organs, Guitars (spanish), Pedal Harps, the Anglicia or Musical Glasses, Broadwood's PianoFortes, Grand, Harmonic, and horizontal; plain, or ornamented; fastened for tropical climates or otherwise. AEolian harps, Flageolets, and Flutes of various sorts. Military fifes and Piccolas [sic]; Clarionets, Violins, Tenors, Kent and other Bugles; Harp, Guitar, and Violin Strings; Music paper, and Books ruled &c &c &c. 

[Advertisement], The Monitor (26 November 1827), 2

"Prosperity of Sydney", The south-Asian register (April 1828), 290 

In January of the present year, we had 18 ships, 16 brigs, 4 schooners, 3 cutters, 2 hulks: in all 43 vessels in Port Jackson at the same time.

Mr. Edwards informs us, that during the last three years, he has sold no less than 23 new Piano fortes in Sydney, imported from London.

A provincial Post-office, was regularly established in March.

[Advertisement], The Australian (9 July 1828), 1

"REVIEW of the fourth number of THE SOUTH ASIAN REGISTER, (published in Sydney, by A. Hill.)", The Sydney Monitor (3 March 1829), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 August 1829), 2

"Wednesday's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (19 September 1829), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (10 October 1829), 1

[Advertisement], The Australian (19 February 1830), 1

[News], The Australian (19 February 1830), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 February 1831), 1

"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (1 September 1832), 2

"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (4 September 1833), 2

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (11 October 1833), 2

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (3 July 1834), 2

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (7 July 1834), 2

"GRANTS OF LAND", New South Wales Government Gazette (29 April 1835), 241 

Colonial Secretary's Office, Sydney, 29th April, 1835. GRANTS OF LAND. THE following descriptions of Grants of Land, with the names of the persons to whom they were respectively promised, are published for general information, in order that all parties concerned may have an opportunity of correcting any errors or omissions which may have been made inadvertently . . . ARGYLE . . . 70. JOHN EDWARDS, 800, Eight hundred acres, parish unnamed, at Cottle Wolley; bounded on the north by a line west 102 chains, commencing at the south-east corner of Charles Driver's 1,920 acres on the Wollondilly River; on the west by a line south 80 chains; on the south by a line east 106 chains to the Wollondilly River; and on the east by the Wollondilly River. Promised by Sir Thomas Brisbane, and confirmed by General Darling, on 18th December, 1828, as primary grant. Quit-rent £6 13s. 4d. sterling per annum, commencing 1st January, 1836.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (26 October 1835), 3

[Advertisement], The Colonist (1 June 1837), 4

[Edward Hall Smith], "The Cecilian Monthly concert", The Sydney Monitor (13 January 1840), 2

... This is a very sociable and pleasant concert, and reminds us of the first subscription concerts held some fifteen years ago in the room over head, when Mr. Edwards presided at the orchestra with so much credit to himself and satisfaction to his friends, for we have never heard better instrumental music in this Colony than was there performed, nor have we ever heard a better song than Mr. Edwards's Tempest; and we should like to hear it again, either from him or some other scientific singer ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1842), 1

A CARD. MR. JOHN EDWARDS, Professor of Music, begs to acquaint his numerous patrons, amongst the gentry of Sydney, Parramatta, and the colony generally, that he is resuming the practice of his profession, and will be happy to give instructions as heretofore, in Singing, and on the Pianoforte and Violin. Address to Mr. John Edwards, Smith-street, Parramatta. N.B. Pianofortes properly tuned - Schools attended, September 24.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1843), 3

A CARD. MR. EDWARDS, professor of Music, begs respectfully to intimate to his old friends, and the ladies and gentlemen of Sydney generally, that at the suggestion of some of his friends, he has resumed his profession in this town. As Mr. E. will spare no pains to impart to his pupils all the advantages derivable from his long experience as a teacher of singing, the pianoforte, and the violin, he ventures to hope for as liberal a patronage as he had formerly the honour to enjoy. Communications left at Mr. Ellard's Music Saloon, George street, will be immediately attended to.

[Advertisement], The Australian (24 June 1844), 2 

AUSTRALIAN PHILHARMONIC CONCERTS ... THE FOURTH WEEKLY PHILHARMONIC CONCERT In this colony, will take place at THE ROYAL HOTEL, On WEDNESDAY NEXT, June 26th 1844 ... the whole under the management and direction of Mr. Nathan ... Leader, Mr. Edwards; First Violin, Mr. Wilson; Second Violins, Mr. O'Flaherty, Mr. Guerin, &c.; Principal Tenor, Mr. Walton ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 August 1860), 1 

WANTED, by an elderly Gentleman of strict integrity, a SITUATION in a private family, as TEACHER of the Pianoforte. Salary not so much an object as a comfortable home. Apply JOHN EDWARDS, Post Office, Balmain.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 September 1860), 1

MR. EDWARDS, Professor of Music, begs to acquaint the inhabitants of Balmain that he will be happy to give instructions in singing, and on the Pianoforte and Violin, to private Pupils or Schools. Address, Watts' Dairy, Balmain.

EDWARDS, John Ashcroft

Professor of music

Active Sydney, NSW, 1883


"IN INSOLVENCY", New South Wales Government Gazette (9 February 1883), 759 

EDWARDS, Solomon Nicholas (Mr. S. N. EDWARDS; Mr. S. EDWARDS; Nicholas Solomon EDWARDS)

Amateur vocalist

Born 21 October 1820
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 13/14 May 1850 (per Arabian, from Ipswich, London)
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 8 November 1897, aged 77 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (16 May 1850), 2 

"MISKA HAUSER'S FAREWELL CONCERT", South Australian Register (6 February 1857), 3 

. . . Mr. Edwards, who we understand is also leaving Adelaide for a distant part of the colony, was scarcely so effective as on some former occasions. He was evidently indisposed; yet, though not marked with any striking excellencies, his vocal performance was without fault, which is not always the case with gentlemen amateurs . . .

"CONCERT AT GAWLER TOWN", Adelaide Observer (5 June 1858), 4 

A correspondent has sent the following:- "Mr. S. N. Edward gave a grand miscellaneous concert of vocal and instrumental music, on Monday last, in Mr. Jas. Martin's corn store, assisted by the following professionals:- Vocalists: Miss Lingellbach, Miss Petman, and Mr. Sanderson. Pianist, Miss Rowe. Mr. Edwards's song, "The Sea King" was encored, as were also two songs by Miss Lingellbach, sung in German . . .

"MADAME CARANDINI AT GAWLER TOWN", Adelaide Observer (26 June 1858), 1 supplement 

A correspondent says:- "Madame Carandini gave a grand lyrical entertainment on Tuesday evening in the Gawler Institute. There was a goodly sprinkling of both sexes in attendance. Her only assistants were Signer Grossi, Mr. Laveuu, and Mr. Edwards, of this town, the latter having kindly volunteered his services . . .

"ANNIVERSARY OF THE GAWLER INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (18 October 1858), 3 

"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", Evening Journal (27 January 1870), 3 

A complimentary concert to Mr. S. Edwards was given in White's Room on Wednesday evening, January 26. There was a good attendance in all parts of the home. Mr. Edwards has been favourably known in Adelaide and many country townships for some years past for his musical proclivities. Frequently when vocal effort was called into requisition for charitable purposes he has rendered efficient services. Being about to leave for Victoria, after a 20 years' residence in this colony, it was but fitting that a farewell demonstration for his benefit should be arranged under the auspices of local amateur and professional talent. The appeal was responded to very generally by the musical friends of Mr. Edwards, and in consequence a varied and highly attractive programme was prepared . . . Mr. Edwards's vocal powers were displayed to the greatest advantage in Glover's composition, "The Boatman of the Downs" . . .

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 November 1897), 1 


= Mrs. George CASE


Tenor vocalist ("pupil of Sims Reeves") ?

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1857


Very likely a pseudonym, or even a fiction; Eglinton was the name of a Ballarat hotel.


"THE CONCERTS AT THE JOHN O'GROAT HOTEL", The Star (18 July 1857), 3

EIGENSCHENCK, Charles Henry Marie (Charles EIGENSCHENCK)

Violinist, conductor, composer

Born France, 2 August 1816
Arrived Sydney, 16 NSW, August 1855 (per Fanny Major, from San Francisco, 6 June)
Active New Zealand, by August 1867 until September 1869 (for Melbourne)
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 19 March 1880, aged 65 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



An Eigenschenck was clarinettist in the Italian Opera in Paris in 1787; a Mme Eigenschenck (Henriette LORY) a singer at the Opéra-Comique in 1816; in 1846 an Eigenschenck replaced his father as school music teacher at Versailles and was still in office there in 1868. Charles Eigenschenck (also Eigenschenk, Eigenshenck, Eigenshenk, Hardinsank, &c) arrived in Sydney from San Francisco as musical director to Lola Montez's touring company (which also included Harriet Fiddes and her daughters). He was leader of Lyceum Orchestra in Sydney in 1856-58, first under John Winterbottom, composing new music for several productions there (including a "New Pantomime" in February 1858), and also ran his own Quadrille Band.

In May 1858, with Miska Hauser and John and Edward Deane he played Haydn's Emperor Quartet. Under Lavenu and later under Charles Packer, he was orchestra leader at the Prince of Wales Theatre in 1859, conducting Ernani there in August. He married Amelia Crosby on 8 December 1859. He was leading the orchestra at the Victoria Theatre by 1862 until 1866, whereafter he spent two years in Canterbury, New Zealand. He returned to Melbourne in September 1869, and died there in 1880.


[Advertisement], Sacramento Daily Union (4 July 1853), 2

"SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1855), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (22 July 1856), 1

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (3 October 1857), 3

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 February 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1859), 1

"PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE", Empire (5 September 1859), 5

"MARRAIGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1859), 1

"THE VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 March 1862), 7

[Advertisement], West Coast Times (15 August 1867), 3

[Advertisement], West Coast Times (19 December 1867), 3

"PORT OF HOKITIKA", West Coast Times (17 September 1869), 2

"DEATHS", The Argus (20 March 1880), 1

Bibliography and resources:

"Commissions d'examen de Versailles", Journal general de l'instruction publique et des cultes 14 (1845), 122

Castil-Blaze, L'Opéra-Italien de 1548 à 1856 (Paris: Castil-Blaze, 1856), 223

Noel & Stoullig, Les annales du theatre et de la musique precedees d'une sur le theatre en province (1878), 132.


Bandmaster, teacher of music, retired military bandmaster

Active Sydney, NSW, 1864-65


In June 1864 "Herr W. EISEN, formerly Bandmaster in South Cork Light Infantry Regiment of Militia, Dublin, and late Bandmaster in H.M.'s 7th Royal Fusiliers" advertised for pupils on "Flute, Clarionet, Oboe, Cornet, Saxhorn, or any other wind Instruments" and in "Theory of Harmony and Musical Composition" from his residence in Palmer-street, Woolloomooloo. That month he also appeared at the Victoria Theatre in a benefit for the Hebrew Philanthropic Society, playing flute obligato to Mrs. C. Joel in Bishop's Lo! here the gentle lark.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (8 June 1864), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1864), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 May 1865), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 October 1865), 1

ELDER, Amy (Amelia Ann NINNIS; Mrs. Thomas ELDER; Mrs. John Stanislaw GOODGER)

Amateur vocalist, composer

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1860 (daughter of James NINNIS and Martha TUCKER)
Married Thomas ELDER, SA, 1880
Married John Stanislaw GOODGER, 1910
Died Adelaide, SA, 6 March 1912 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


{Advertisement], The Express and Telegraph (28 October 1882), 1 

"TOWN HALL CONCERT", South Australian Register (30 October 1882), 5 

"Music and the Drama", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (4 November 1882), 16 

The final popular concert of the present season took place on Saturday evening in the Town Hall before a moderate house. The surplus proceeds were to have been tendered to the amateur vocalist Mrs. T. Elder, but unfortunately, judging from the number present, the concert could hardly have cleared expenses, and the beneficiaire, who appeared twice during the evening, must have felt somewhat discouraged at the result . . . Mr. W. R. Knox, Mr. Talbot Thornton and Mrs. Elder were advantageously heard in their respective numbers ; and the general musical arrangements being under Mr. Knox's direction, they were, it is almost needless to add, satisfactorily carried out.

LINKS: William Robert Knox (conductor)

[Review], The Express and Telegraph (31 July 1888), 3

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (8 August 1888), 5 

. . . A work, "The Centennial Waltz," by a local composer, Mrs. Thomas Elder, has been brought under our notice. The music is of the ordinary waltz character, the time being well marked. The printing (lithograph) is, however, full of errors, for which the composer is evidently not responsible.

Musical works:

The centennial waltz, for the pianoforte, composed by Mrs. Thomas Elder (Adelaide: Frearson, lith., [1888]) 

The exhibition rink waltz, for the pianoforte, composed by Mrs. Thomas Elder (Adelaide: Pearson's Printing House, [? c.1889]) 

ELLAR, Henry (Julius Henry; Henry Julius)

Amateur bass vocalist, mining speculator, forger

Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1855


"OBTAINING MONEY UNDER FALSE PRETENCES", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (20 January 1855), 2 s

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (26 May 1855), 6

Mr. Ellar will sing Beethoven's magnificent solo, "Adelaide" acknowledged to be the most superb vocal composition in existence.

"MISCELLANEOUS NEWS", The North Eastern Ensign (27 January 1874), 2

"MELBOURNE GENERAL SESSIONS", The Argus (9 March 1875), 6


ELLARD, Francis

ELLARD, Frederick (Frederic)

ELLARD, Andrew

ELLARD, William

And other members of the family

Go to main page The Ellard family

See also Maria LOGAN (ELLARD)


Alias of

TURNER, Ellen Elizabeth (Mrs. G. R. DEBNEY; Ellen Turner DEBNEY)

Songwriter, lyricist

Died Adelaide, SA, 25 February 1870 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ELLIE", The South Australian Advertiser (26 February 1870), 2

"DEATH OF MRS. DEBNEY", Border Watch (2 March 1870) 2 

We regret to observe that this lady died in the prime of life on Friday last. She is best known as the writer of many graceful and tender pieces of verse under the signature "Ellie." She also possessed considerable talent as a composer of music.

Settings of her lyrics:

Hail fair Australia (words by Ellie; music by Cesare Cutolo) [1860] 

Song of the kooyanna (a native bird of Australia; words by Ellie, music by Mrs. W. P. A.) [1867] 

The song of Australia (words by Ellie; composed ... by Carl Taeuber) [1868] 

Bibliography and resources:

Elizabeth Warburton, "Ellie" [a paper presented to a meeting of the Society on 18 July 1979], Journal of the Historical Society of South Australia 7 (1980), 62-69

ELLIOT, Caroline (Mrs. ELLIOT; Mrs. ELLIOTT)

Professor of Music, vocalist, pianist

Born UK, c.1811
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 23 June 1839 (per Seppings, from London, 12 March)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 28 August 1841 (per Marys, from Adelaide, 20 August)
Died Hobart, TAS, 8 September 1858, in her 48th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Professor of Music, tanner

Born UK, c.1814
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 23 June 1839 (per Seppings, from London, 12 March)
Arrived Hobart, TAS, 28 August 1841 (per Marys, from Adelaide, 20 August)
Died Hobart, TAS, 29 June 1864, aged 50 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Henry and Caroline Elliot (Elliott) arrived in Adelaide in June 1839, on the same ship as Henry Pounsett and his wife, and in February 1840 Caroline appeared in Adelaide's "first professional concert".

The couple arrived in Hobart on 28 August 1841, and in late September "Mrs. Elliot(t)" and Joseph Reichenberg announced a concert at the theatre on 5 October. Mrs. Elliot also advertised that month as a "professor of music ... just arrived", having been:

educated expressly for the profession, from an early period, by the best masters in London, and having devoted her time constantly to teaching.

By August 1842, Mrs. Elliot was organist of St. David's Church, and lived in succession at nos. 8 and 7 Liverpool-street. In 1845, at the latter address, Mrs. Elliott [sic] directed the treble class of the Hobart Town Choral Society. Henry Elliott [sic] was at the time to Society's librarian. A letter of Henry's dated January 1848, describing him as a "professor of music", was published in 1849, however in the 1850s his main business was as proprietor of a tannery and a leathergoods warehouse, and later as a farmer.

After his death, Henry's household effects were auctioned in August 1864, including a "harp, violoncello, music and other books".


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (6 July 1839), 3

[Advertisement], Southern Australian (10 July 1839), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 February 1841), 1s

"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 February 1840), 4

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Courier (3 September 1841), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (17 September 1841), 3

"CONCERT", Colonial Times (28 September 1841), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (5 October 1841), 1

"THE CONCERT", The Courier (8 October 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (12 August 1842), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (21 September 1844), 1

[2 advertisements], Colonial Times (18 March 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Courier (23 September 1846), 3

[Advertisement], The Courier (8 January 1848), 1

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (8 June 1849), 4

[Advertisement], The Courier (16 October 1850), 4

[Advertisement], The Courier (5 July 1851), 3

"New Organist", The Cornwall Chronicle (24 April 1852), 260

[Advertisement], The Courier (4 August 1852), 4

"DEATH", The Courier (9 September 1858), 2

"DEATHS", The Mercury (2 July 1864), 1

"THE LATE MR. H. ELLIOT", The Mercury (9 July 1864), 2 

[Advertisement], The Mercury (17 August 1864), 4


Elliot, Caroline; Colonial Tasmanian Family Link Details; Tasmanian Archives

Elliot, Henry; Colonial Tasmanian Family Link Details; Tasmanian Archives

Elliot, Henry; Colonial Tasmanian Family Link Details; Tasmanian Archives

ELLIOTT, Alexander

Professor of Dancing, violinist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1829-31


Elliott was "lately arrived in this Colony" when he offered to teach "the following Dances: a Selection of the most fashionable and popular Quadrilles, comprising 43 sets, Waltzes, Minuets, Country Dances ... N.B. Mr. E will play on the Violin for his Pupils if necessary". In 1830, the Gazette reported that he had inherited "the greater number of the late Mr. Brunton's pupils" and "continues to hold his academy at Sandwell's large room, Castlereagh street".


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 July 1829), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 August 1830), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 December 1830), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (22 August 1831), 1 


Composer, music publisher, newspaper editor

Born England, 13 November 1833
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 17 February 1851 (per Pestonjee Bomanhee, from London and Plymouth, 30 October 1850)
Died Strathalbyn, SA, 21 May 1883, aged 49 years (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (18 February 1851), 2

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (4 August 1851), 2

"MARRIED", South Australian Register (14 April 1854), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 December 1858), 1 

Just Published, Price 2s. 6d., NEW COLONIAL MELODY - "BYGONE DAYS," Music and Words by J. E., North Adelaide. May be had of all Book and Music sellers.

[Advertisement], The South Australian Register (5 December 1861), 1

"MUSIC", The South Australian Advertiser (6 December 1861), 3

Mr. Joseph Elliott, already favorably known to the colonial public as the author of the melody entitled "By-gone Days," has added to his former productions a pretty piece of dance music entitled "The Adelaide Schottische." It is a lively and pleasing composition, and is very creditably got up by Messrs. Penman & Galbraith, whose skill in this department needs no eulogy.

"COLONIAL MUSIC", South Australian Register (26 December 1861), 5

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (13 August 1869), 2

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (13 August 1869), 2

"NEW MUSIC", South Australian Register (13 September 1869), 2

"BYGONE DAYS ... sixth edition", South Australian Register (16 July 1873), 4

"MUSIC", South Australian Register (17 November 1875), 5

"STRATHALBYN", The South Australian Advertiser (19 May 1883), 6

"DEATHS", South Australian Register (22 May 1883), 4

"DEATH OF MR. JOSEPH ELLIOTT, J. P.", South Australian Register (23 May 1883), 2s

We regret to announce the death of Mr. Joseph Elliott, J.P., editor and proprietor of the Southern Argus, Strathalbyn, and brother of the late Mr. James Elliott, J.P., of the Kapunda Herald, who died only a few days ago, and the news of whose death reaching his brother when the latter was suffering from a prior illness, brought on an attack of brain fever, to which he eventually succumbed. Mr. Joseph Elliott was only forty-nine years of age at the time of his death. He arrived in the colony in 1853, being then 18 years old. He was first employed on the Register, and subsequently in the jobbing department connected with this office. Leaving that position, he opened printing-offices on his own account in Gawler-place and Rundle-street. He afterwards purchased the Southern Argus, which he greatly improved, and continued to conduct it at Strathalbyn till the day of his death. During his residence there he interested himself greatly in all matters connected with the town, of which he was recently elected one of the Councillors. In this capacity, as well as in other offices which he filled, Mr. Elliott worked energetically, and his services will be much missed by those amongst whom he has lived respected so long. He was an enthusiastic musician, and was in this connection best known, perhaps, as the composer of a popular little song entitled "Bygone Days." He was a member of the Town Council of Strathalbyn. He had been for a long time in weak health. He was twice married, and leaves six children, three of whom are grown up.

"THE LATE MR. JOSEPH ELLIOTT, J. P.", Southern Argus (24 May 1883), 2-3 

. . . Mr. Elliott was a most enthusiastic musician, and a composer of some note, much of his music being extremely popular, including the songs "Bygone Days," "Unforgotten," "The Song of the Bell," "Visions of Youth," and others, and several pieces of dance and sacred music. The success of the first named song rivalled that of almost any ever published, upwards of three thousand copies having been sold in this colony alone. Mr. Elliott, many years ago, imported a complete fount of music type, with which to publish the Musical Herald which he owned and edited. This fount was then the only one in Australia, and at the present time the only one in this colony, as well as the largest and most complete in the continent. The Herald did not prove a success, very few musical people being found amongst the early settlers, and after a short existence it vanished from the journalistic world, to be succeeded in time by the Adelaide Miscellany, which he also launched and conducted. This was far more successful, and for several years had a very popular run . . .

Musical works and publications:

Bygone days (ballad) (first edition, North Adelaide: Author, November 1858) 

The Adelaide schottische [1861] 

Unforgotten, though afar! (song; first edition, musical supplement to The Adelaide Miscellany 14 (12 August 1869) 

The song of the bell (song; musical supplement to The Adelaide Miscellany 15 (9 September 1869) 

See also The Adelaide miscellany (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Other references:

[Robert Illing Collection], "A gift within a gift", The University of Melbourne Library Journal 3/1 (June 1997)

Bibliography and resources:

Joseph Elliott, Our home in Australia: a description of cottage life in 1860 ... introduction and architectural commentary by Stefan Pikusa; foreword by Brian Elliott (Sydney: Flannel Flower Press, 1984) 

ELLIS, Mr. (1)


Active Sydney, NSW, 1834-35


According to the Monitor, Ellis and Charles Bonnar "pretty well murdered" How sweet in the woodlands at bandmaster Thomas Lewis's concert in December 1834, at which, with Maria Taylor, they were the principal vocal talent.


"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (17 December 1834), 3

"Mr. Lewis's Concert", The Sydney Monitor (20 December 1834), 2

"MR. GORDONOVITCH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1835), 2

"CONCERT", The Australian (23 January 1835), 2

"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (26 March 1835), 3

ELLIS, Mr. (2)

Violinist, violin player, ? vocalist

Active Maitland, NSW, 1854-56


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (2 September 1854), 2 

"M. BOULANGER'S CONCERT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (24 June 1856), 2 

On Saturday evening M. Boulanger, assisted by Messrs. Kellermann and Ellis, entertained at the Court House, East Maitland, an audience, which in point of numbers, was certainty unworthy of the occasion ...

ELLIS, David Henry (Dr. D. H. ELLIS)

Musician, tenor vocalist, church musician, composer, precentor, music examiner, adjudicator

Born Cwm, Flintshire, Wales, 25 November 1836
Arrived Sydney, NSW, early January 1881
Departed NSW, May 1891 (for England)
Died Lincoln, England, 1902, aged 66 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"RELIGIOUS", Launceston Examiner (25 January 1886), 2 

The Rev. Dr. D. H. Ellis, L.L.D., Precentor of Goulbourn Cathedral, New South Wales, who has been on a visit to Tasmania for some time past, gave so much pleasure by a discourse at St. Paul's prior to visiting Hobart that on his return a few days ago from the capital he was requested to preach again at St. Paul's, and also at Trinity, and acceded, being listened to by large congregations at both churches yesterday. Dr. Ellis, who has a high reputation not only as a preacher, but as a vocalist, he holding the degree of Bachelor of Music, arrived in New South Wales from England over five years ago, and was at first attached to St. Andrew's Cathedral, in Sydney, subsequently removing to Newcastle, and recently to Goulburn, where he now holds the position of Precentor at St. Saviour's Cathedral ...

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1889), 11 

We have received from the Rev. Dr. Ellis, precentor of Goulburn Cathedral, a copy of his "Magnificat and Nunc Dimittis" in the key of C. The music is simple and unpretentious; but it is tuneful and fairly devotional its style. The words of the Evensong Canticles are set, for the most part, in plain four-voice harmony, and in no place is there anything difficult of execution. The "service" is well within the capabilities of ordinary choirs, and it may prove acceptable in many churches where more ambitious settings would be out of the reach of the choristers. That the harmony and part-writing are generally correct is only what might be expected, seeing that the composer is a "Mus. Bac." The compositions are published by Wickins and Co., of London. The printing is neat and plain, but there are occasional passages which seem ambiguous, as no directions are given whether they are intended to be performed vocally as "pneuma)," without words - or to be played on the organ.

"Local and General", Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (17 January 1891), 5 

WE are in receipt of a Christmas anthem composed by the Rev. D. H. Ellis, B.D., L.L.D., Mus. Bac., entitled "Behold, a Virgin shall conceive and bear a son." The anthem was composed for parish choirs, and the music, though simple, is a worthy addition to the antiphonal harmony of the great and joyous festival of the Christian year.

"Presentation to Dr. Ellis", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (23 May 1891), p. 8. (Second sheet) 

Just prior to the departure of Dr. Ellis from Morpeth on Saturday last, a number of his friends assembled at the Commercial Bank and presented him with an address ...

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (14 March 1892), 7 

"EXAMINATION IN MUSIC", The Age (14 June 1894), 5 

... As to the good work being done in the parent colony, the Rev. D. H. Ellis, B.A. LL.D., Mus. Bac., said, when speaking at Lincoln in March last that from his experience in Sydney, of whose cathedral he was precentor some years ago, Trinity College had done more for the cause of music there than anything else he knew of, and that nearly as many candidates now presented themselves for examination in Sydney as in London. It is hardly reasonable to suppose that Melbourne will be less appreciative than Sydney in taking advantage of the opportunities for examination now that they are within their reach. The examinations are open to all without distinction of age, sex or creed.

"OBITUARY", Leeds Mercury (27 December 1902), 16

The Rev. David Henry Ellis, Vicar of St. Botolph's Church, Lincoln, died on the 19th inst. Dr. Ellis, who had the unusual sequence of University degrees, M.A., B.D., LL.D., and Mus.Bac., was a Welshman, and had held the precentorship of St. Andrew's Cathedral, Sydney, N.S.W.. Aged 65.

Bibliography and resources:

Brown and Stratton 1897, British musical biography, 138 

ELLIS, Eliza Stewart (Eliza Stewart KIPLING; Mrs. Stewart ELLIS; Mrs. F. R. ELLIS)

Vocalist, choral class conductor, music teacher

Married Frederick Richard ELLIS, VIC, 1857
Active (as Mrs. STEWART ELLIS), Bendigo, VIC, from 1859
Died Carlton, Melbourne, VIC, 20 January 1898 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Query ? = Eliza STEWART (vocalist, pianist)

ELLIS, Frederick Richard (Mr. F. R. ELLIS)

Amateur vocalist and instrumentalist

Born Greenwich, England; baptised St. Albans, 1 October 1822 (son of Samuel ELLIS and Mary Ann WALTON)
Arrived VIC, 1852
Died Eaglehawk, VIC, 5 December 1891


[Advertisement], The Age (14 March 1859), 1 


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (10 November 1859), 1 

"THE PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (7 March 1860), 3 

"MRS ELLIS'S CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (3 November 1865), 2 

The concert at the Temperance Hall last evening by Mrs. Ellis's class, assisted by several lady and gentlemen amateurs, proved very successful. The attendance was numerous. The first part of the concert consisted selections from Hayden's "Creation," in which Mrs. Ellis acquitted herself excellently well. The opening chorus, "The Marvellous Work," was sung steadily and with good effect, better indeed than any of the succeeding choruses ...

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (24 December 1860), 1 

"POPULAR CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (24 September 1873), 2 

"DEATH OF MR. FREDERICK R. ELLIS", The Bendigo Independent (5 December 1891), 4 

. . . He entered the service of the Mining Department in 1863, and was well and favorably known amongst all classes. In the earlier days it will be remembered that with his talented wife and others, they were active in getting up penny readings, recitations and concerts on behalf of the Sandhurst Mechanics Institute, then a small wooden building. Mr. and Mrs. Ellis were accomplished vocalists and instrumentalists, and 20 years ago, no concert was complete without them. Mr. Ellis after a few years' service in Sandhurst, was promoted to the Eaglchawk, Huntly and Raywood district, and had charge of the courts there up to about the middle of this year. He was born at Greenwich, near London, of a good family, and in 1852 left for Australia; to try his luck on the diggings. Like pretty nearly everyone in those days he worked as a digger, first at McIvor and then at Bendigo, till he was appointed warden's clerk in 1863 . . .

"DEATHS", The Argus (26 January 1898), 1 

"OBITUARY", Bendigo Advertiser (26 January 1898), 2 

. . . The deceased was well-known in this district, and at one time was a prominent member of St. Kilian's choir.

Bibliography and resources:

George Mackay, The history of Bendigo (Melbourne: Ferguson & Mitchell, 1891), (174) 175 

. . . Mr. William Brown, the well-known solicitor, now practising in [175] Melbourne, took an active part, along with his brother, Mr. T. Brown, in the inauguration of the Liedertafel. Mr. W. Brown always took a warm interest in matters musical, and for many years was one of the most prominent singers in the district. Contemporary with him in the sixties were Mrs. Betham and Mrs. Ellis, and in the seventies, Mrs. A. E. B. Casey. Messrs. M. and F. Macoboy are among the leading members of the Liedertafel, and the former is its president ...

ELLIS, James

Musical and theatrical entrepreneur, concert manager

Active Melbourne, VIC, by December 1852
Died Fitzroy, VIC, 9 January 1874, in the 62nd year of his age (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




The celebrated Mr. Ellis, the well-known caterer for public amusement at Cremorne Gardens, the Flora Gardens, and other popular places of amusement, has just sailed from Plymouth in the Coldstream, for Port Philip. Mr. Ellis takes with him scenery, properties, and the necessary adjuncts for a portable theatre, to be erected at the diggings, a complete band of musicians, and a Thespian company. Mr. Ellis was the originator of casinos in the metropolis, and proposes to introduce them into Geelong and Melbourne, and thus combine pleasure with gold-seeking.

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 December 1852), 5 

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 March 1853), 12 

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT. Circus, top of Bourke-street, east. IMMENSE ATTRACTION, On MONDAY EVENING, 21st Instant. MR. JAMES ELLIS, late lessee of Cremorne Gardens, Adelaide Gallery, &c., of London, and promoter of these popular Concerts in Melbourne, in conjunction with Mr. Winterbottom, has the honor to introduce to his numerous friends and patrons, that his BENEFIT is fixed as above, on which occasion will be given a GRAND MONSTER CONCERT, Supported by nearly One Hundred Performers. The whole will be be arranged that the tout ensemble shall present the best Concert ever given in the colony. The Vocal and Instruments corps will on this occasion be strengthened, so as to include all the first talent in Melbourne. By the kind permission of Colonel Valiant, the splendid Band of the 40th Regiment, conducted by Mr. Johnson, will lend their valuable assistance. GRAND SELECTIONS from POPULAR OPERAS, by the best composers, will form part of the Programme. The GREAT EXHIBITION QUADRILLES introducing the Music of All Nations, will be given with all the extraordinary effects which elicited so much wonder and applause on its first representation. The following artists will have the honor to appear on this occasion -

Principal Vocalists: -
Mrs. Harriet Fiddes,
Mrs. Hancock,
Miss Lewis,
Mr. Gregg,
Mr. C. Walsh,
Mr. Hancock.
Principal Instrumentalists: -
Mr. Hartigan, ophecleide,
Mr. Johnson, clarionet,
Mr. Thatcher, flute,
Mr. Tucker, violin,
Herr Elze, contra-basso,
Signor Mattei, cornet-a-piston,
Mr. Winterbottom, bassoon.

In consequence of the disappointment experienced on Monday last, by hundreds who were unable to obtain admission, an early application for tickets is necessary, as a limited number only will be issued. Doors open at Seven o'clock precisely. Dress circle - Five Shillings, Promenade - Half a Crown. In compliance with the request of numerous ladies and families, patrons of these Concerts, Smoking will not be permitted.

"THE AUSTRALIAN GOLD DIGGINGS", Leeds Times [England] (11 June 1853), 3

The Melbourne correspondent of the Liverpool Albion writes voluntarily ... we cannot but read his communications with pleasure. He gives us an expansive and originally written summary about matters and prospects the antipodes. Dating his letter, Melbourne, Feb. 10, he says: - "Immigrants continue to pour in and all who are fit and efficient become absorbed. The majority at once start off for the mines ...

Talking of places of resort reminds me of the recreations afforded by Melbourne. I must needs confess they are but scanty. The principal is the performance of the band of the 40th Regiment, now quartered here, at five o'clock on the evenings of every Monday and Friday, (weather permitting,) Batman's-hill. The attendance is generally very respectable and numerous; and the music such as our unrivalled military only can furnish. There are weekly concerts at the Mechanics Institution, where a company of Ethiopian serenaders have lately exhibited before delighted and crowded audiences, the lowest rate of admission being four shillings each. There are also other occasional concerts during the week. But foremost among this class of entertainment must be included the promenade concerts, a la Jullien, recently commenced at Rowe's Circus, by Ellis, of Cremorne notoriety. He came out here with the intention of going to the diggings, but finding that by no means despicable diggings were to had in Melbourne he at once commenced with the prospecting implements used in his line - trombones, saxhorns, and kettle-drums - and succeeded in discovering that very satisfactory gold mines were deposited the Melbourne citizens' pockets. The charge, however, is too low, only one shilling, and that prevents the company being select as one could wish. We shall soon, however, have no occasion to complain of paucity of amusements, for Mr. Ellis, in conjunction with several (so it is said) colonial capitalists, has leased, built upon, and embellished thirty acres of land at Richmond, on the banks of the Yarra, which he intends opening, next summer, as the "Cremorne Gardens." Thousands of pounds have been expended upon it, and it is stated by those who have seen it to be worthy even of London. As an order to view has been sent to me I shall take a saunter through it, and give you an account in my next

[Melbourne news], Colonial Times (3 December 1853), 2 

The entertainment to the ex-Mayor, T. J. Smith, Esq., which took place on the evening of the 24th [November], seems to have been a most brilliant affair ... The taste and judgment of Mr. Ellis and his chief auxiliaries, M. Robillard and Mr. Brogden, were called into play; the vast space was soon covered in with ball-room comforts ... and the bands engaged were those of the 40th Regiment, led by Mr. Johnson, their bandmaster, of the 99th, led by their bandmaster, Mr. Martin, and Mr. Ellis's band, which comprises most of the best musicians in the colony; conducted by Monsieur Fleury and Signor Maffei ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 January 1854), 8 

"Deaths", The Argus (10 January 1874), 1 

ELLIS.- On the 9th inst., at his residence, 206 George street, Fitzroy, in the 62nd year of his age, Mr. James Ellis, late proprietor of Cremorne-gardens, London and Melbourne.

[News], The Argus (12 January 1874), 4 

Among the obituary notices published in our issue of Saturday was one that announced the death of Mr. James Ellis, late proprietor of Cremorne-gardens, London and Melbourne. The deceased was so well known in certain circles in Melbourne as to be in a sense a public character, and doubtless many will be interested in a slight sketch of his career. It was singularly checkered. Five-and-twenty years ago Mr. Ellis was the presiding genius of the Cremorne-gardens in London, and achieved great celebrity among those who thronged to that favourite place of amusement. Reverses came, and 1852 found him in Melbourne, and again a caterer for the public pleasure. In this capacity he was connected with the celebrated institution known in those wonderful times as the Salle de Valentino, where during a certain period the musical entertainments were conducted on an almost unexampled scale of excellence, and where, too, he succeeded in acclimatising bals masques after the London mode. His heart was, however, bent upon creating in Melbourne a pleasure garden corresponding to those with which he had been connected at home, and eventually he succeeded in establishing "Cremorne-gardens," on the site now occupied by Mr. Harcourt's private lunatic asylum. It was surprising how much his industry and energy led him to accomplish in this direction, how well the gardens were laid out, how creditable the decorations, and how excellent the arrangements. For a while the place was very popular, and a great point of attraction to pleasure-seekers, but it was difficult of access, there were then no railways in the colony, and eventually the speculation failed, although a line of "gondola" steamers was established on the Upper Yarra for the purpose of promoting passenger traffic in this direction. During later years Mr. Ellis was favourably known in Melbourne as a refreshment caterer, and nothing ever done in that line has surpassed his performances in connexion with the Intercolonial Exhibition of 1866. His last enterprise was very characteristic. He had a number of theories in connexion with economic cookery, which, when reduced to practice by himself, were always surprisingly successful. So he set up a shop in the Eastern Arcade, in order to popularise a certain kind of gas stove, invented and manufactured in Melbourne, on a principle of which he approved. While thus engaged, death came to him. His end must have been quite sudden, for until the latter portion of last week he was actively engaged in his business.

ELLIS, Marie (Mrs. J. C. ELLIS; Mrs. ELLIS; Marie ELLIS)

Soprano vocalist

Active (as Mrs. J. C. ELLIS) VIC and NSW, 1865-69

See Marie KRAMER

ELLIS, Thomas

Trombonist, bandmaster (Ballarat Brass Band and String Band), musical instrument maker, publican

Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1860


[Advertisement], The Star (30 January 1860), 3

"SPECIAL LICENSES", The Star (6 November 1861), 4

[Advertisement], The Star (14 November 1861), 3

[Advertisement], The Star (17 March 1862), 3

"AMUSEMENTS", The Star (18 March 1862), 3

"THE SHORT HOURS SOIREE", The Star (21 November 1862), 2

"THE BALLARAT EXHIBITION", The Argus (28 August 1866), 6




Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3

ELLISTON, William Gore

Amateur vocalist, printer and publisher

Born Bath, England, 17 October 1798
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 January 1830 (per Chatham, from London, 18 September 1829)
Died Battery Point, Hobart, TAS, 4 December 1872, aged 74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


In January 1830, two sons of the celebrated London actor and entrepreneur Robert Elliston (1774-1831) settled in Hobart. At the Surry Theatre in London meanwhile, as the Hobart press reported in August, their father appeared in a new play called Van Diemen's Land, and the Padlock.

William Gore Elliston, who had worked briefly in his father's theatres, opened a general store and public house at Bagdad and became a prominent auctioneer (his brother, Edmund, left to return to London in April 1831). William appeared at Deane's Hobart concert in January 1832 singing The soldier's tear and Sons of freedom.

He married Margaret de Vaux in March that year, later ran a boys school, in 1837 became proprietor of The Hobart Town Courier, and in 1855-56 was mayor of Hobart. Elliston returned to the stage at least once more; when the surviving members of the defunct Hobart Town Choral Society were seeking funds to pay off debts in November 1850, Elliston "kindly consented to deliver a DRAMATIC READING at the VICTORIA THEATRE ... SUBJECT–Selections from Shakspeare's Plays of RICHARD III, HENRY IV., and OTHELLO."

As printer and publisher of the Hobart Courier, Elliston also issued the song The vow that's breathed in solitude with music by Maria Logan, in 1839; and, in 1843, A collection of psalms and tunes for the use of St. George's Church, edited by John Dickson Loch.


[News], The Hobart Town Courier (16 January 1830), 2

[News], Colonial Times (4 June 1830), 2

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (7 August 1830), 2

"Drama of Van Diemen's Land", Colonial Times (30 November 1831), 3

[News], Colonial Times (11 January 1832), 2

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (3 March 1832), 2

[Advertisement], The Courier (6 November 1850), 4

"DEATH", The Mercury (6 December 1872), 1

"THE LATE MR. WILLIAM GORE ELLISTON", The Mercury (6 December 1872), 2


J. N. D. Harrison, "Elliston, William Gore (1798-1872)", Australian dictionary of biography 1 (1966)



Active 1853 (Winterbottom's band), 1857


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 March 1853), 12

... Herr Elze - contra-basso ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1853), 1

... Contra Basso - Herr Ellyer

[Advertisement], The Star (18 August 1857) 3

... Herr Elliott, Contra Bass ...

ELMBLAD, Johannes Wilhelm Samuel

Vocalist, pianist, organist, composer

Born Icard Herrestad, Sweden, 1853
Married Maggie Menzies, Berlin, 12 January 1878
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by June 1878


Pianist, composer

Died (suicide), Switzerland, August 1887, aged 33



"Marriage", The Argus (12 February 1878), 1

"HERR ELMBLAD'S CONCERTS", The Argus (13 June 1878), 6

"Herr Johannes Elmblad", Illustrated Australian News (8 July 1878), 122

"THE ELMBLAD CONCERTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 July 1878), 5

"MADAME ELMBLAD'S FAREWELL CONCERT", The Argus (6 October 1884), 6

"Deaths", The Argus (11 August 1887), 1

"Death of Madame Elmblad", Evening News (12 August 1887), 6

"DEATH OF MADAME ELMBLAD", The Argus (19 August 1887), 5

Musical works:

God be with you (Good bye) (words by George Macdonald; music by Maggie Menzies Elmblad (composed by 1884; various editions, sung widely by Amy Sherwin)

Baby mysteries (song, composed by 1884; music by Maggie Menzies Elmblad) (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1891])


Professor of Music, composer

Born Germany, 7 June 1817
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1853
Died Hawthorn, Melbourne, VIC, 5 January 1885, "in his 67th year" (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged)


[Advertisement], The Argus (28 January 1854), 8 

... Mr. Winterbottom's GRAND MUSICAL FESTIVAL ... Pianofortes. - Messrs. Salaman, White, Tolhurst, Smith, Elasser [sic], and George ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 July 1854), 8

[News], The Argus (8 January 1855), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 August 1859) 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 June 1860), 8

"The Philharmonic Society's third subscription concert ...", The Argus (4 July 1860), 4

"Royal Marriage Rejoicings: The Banquet", The Argus (25 May 1863), 2s

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSIC", The Argus (20 November 1866), 2s

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 December 1876), 12

[News], The Argus (8 March 1877), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 October 1877), 8

"The Melbourne Philharmonic Society: II", The Argus (13 January 1879), 6

"THE ELSASSER BENEFIT CONCERT", The Argus (19 May 1884), 6

[News], The Argus (6 January 1885), 5

A well-known musician and an old colonist, Mr. Carl Gottlieb Elsasser, died yesterday at his residence, Hawthorn. He was struck by paralysis in April last, and never spoke after-wards ... Mr. Elsasser came to this colony in 1853 with already acquired fame. He founded an Oratorio Society in Stuttgart, Germany, where he received his first musical training, and also filled several important posts. While still a young man he left Germany for England, and became director of music at a private college in Worksop, where he stayed for three years, and then came to Victoria. Mr. Elsasser was conductor of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society in 1861, and also of the first festival concerts of the German Turn-Verein in 1862. He is best known, however, as the composer of cantatas and part songs. His pieces have been frequently played or sung by the Philharmonic Society, Melbourne Liedertafel, and Metropolitan Liedertafel, including the Wedding Cantata in honour of the Prince of Wales's marriage, performed at the banquet given by Sir Henry Barkly in 1863, and Victoria's Dream, intended for the Melbourne International Exhibition of 1880. Mr. Elsasser died in his 67th year ...

"Deaths", The Argus (28 January 1885), 1

Literary works:

The life of Handel: a sketch, compiled by Charles Elsasser (Melbourne: Joseph Wilkie, [1859]) (DIGITISED) (DIGITISED)

Musical works:

My hope is in thee (sacred song) (Melbourne: Allan and Co., [1876]) 

Praise the lord (a new cantata) (composed in Melbourne and dedicated to the society) [1860]

Wedding cantata (in honour of the Prince of Wales's marriage, performed at the banquet given Sir Henry Barkly; words: E. Exon (1863); text only survives, in "THE ROYAL MARRIAGE REJOICINGS", The Argus (25 May 1863), supplement 2

Joy (galop; galop brilliant) (first edition: Melbourne & Sydney: R. J. & W. H. Paling, 1866) 

Joy waltz (words by H. W. Puttmann; arranged by C. G. Elsässer) (first performed 1877) (New York, Melbourne: Chappell & Co., [?])

Es kennt der Herr die Seinen (words: Philipp Spitta), in Deutsche Weisen: Die beliebtesten Volks- und geistlichen Lieder für Klavier (Stuttgart: Albert Auer's Musikverlag, [1900], no. 205, 166-67 (DIGITISED)

Bibliography and resources:

Kenneth Hince, "Elsässer, Carl Gottlieb (1817-1885)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

William P. Nash, Charles Elsasser: Elsasser's demise - Melba's rise (Heidelberg Heights: Innisfallen Press, 1993)

ELVY, Robert Hammond

Musicseller, music publisher

Born Kent, England, ? 1830
Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1859
Died Manly, Sydney, NSW, 23 February 1923, aged 92/93

ELVY, Filmer William

Born Potts Point, Sydney, NSW, ? 1863
Died Manly, NSW, 3 December 1933, aged 70


Robert Elvy was shipping pianos into Melbourne in June 1859 and January 1860, from his base as an associate of Joseph Wilkie. By March 1863, he had set up a Sydney branch of a firm to be known as "Wilkie, Elvy and Co.", and in April began publishing local compositions, with Madame Jaffa's setting of Tennyson's Sweet and low, followed by Frederick Ellard's serenade I'm listening for thy voice love, and in May and June, Ernesto Spagnoletti junior's The Marion schottische, Douglas Callan's Manly Beach galop, and W. J. Macdougall's setting of Sheridan Moore's The beauty that blooms in Australia.


[Advertisement], The Argus (12 April 1858), 1 

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (8 June 1859), 4

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (24 January 1860), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1863), 1

"NEW SONG", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 April 1863), 4

"VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 June 1863), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1923), 14

"LATE MR. ELVY: LEADING COMMERICIAL MAN", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 February 1923), 14

Mr. Robert Hammond Elvy, one of Sydney's oldest commercial men, died recently at his residence, Tregarth, Raglan-Street, Manly, at the age of 93 years. He was the originator and proprietor of the old-established pianoforte and music ware-house bearing his name. His courtesy and wonderful vitality - he only retired a few weeks ago - and his reminiscences of the early days, especially of Victoria, where in 1855 he helped to establish the firm of Wilkie and Elvy, now Messrs. Allan and Co., of Melbourne, made him a popular figure. In 1863 he carne to Sydney, and established the firm of Elvy and Co., and was instrumental, with the late Mr. William Lyster, in bringing many operatic artists to Australia. The late Mr. Elvy was born in Kent, England, and had four grandsons on active service during the late war. He has left three sons and two daughters.

"LATE MR. R. H. ELVY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 April 1923), 6

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1933), 8

"MR. F. W. ELVY", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 December 1933), 10

ELZE, Mr. C. (Mr. ELZA; Herr ELZE)

Double-bass player

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1853


[Advertisement], The Argus (18 March 1853), 12 

GRAND PROMENADE CONCERT ... Principal Instrumentalists: Mr. Hartligan, ophecleide; Mr. Johnson, clarionet; Mr. Thatcher, flute; Mr. Tucker, violin; Herr Elze, contra-basso; Signor Maffei, cornet-a-piston; Mr. Winterbottom, bassoon ...

[Advertisement], The Argus (25 April 1853), 12 

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 April 1853), 12 

SECOND GRAND CONCERT. MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY, Protestant Hall, THIS EVENING, WEDNESDAY, 27th April. Principal Vocal Performers - Miss Graham (her second appearance); Mr. Moran. Leader - Mr. F. Fischer. Director - Mr. G. Chapman. THE Band will consist of the following talented performers: Violins - Mr. A. Fischer, Mr. Strebinger, Mr. Thomson; Viola - Mr Thomas; Basso - Mr. C. Elza and Mr. Hardman; Cornet-a-Piston - Mr G. Chapman; Clarionet and Oboe - Sig. Blume; Flute- Mr. Rosenstengel. Pianoforte - Mr. Hertz and Mr. Thomson ...


EMANUEL, Abraham

Professor of Music, pianist, arranger, publisher, music retailer

Born London, 30 January 1814
Married Eliza ABRAHAM, London, 10 May 1836
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 11 June 1841 (per Psyche, from London)
Died St. Kilda, VIC, 6 May 1907, in his 94th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

EMANUEL, Eliza (Elizabeth ABRAHAMS; Dinah)


Born London, 16 July 1818
Married Abraham EMANUEL, London, 10 May 1836
Arrived Sydney, 11 June 1841 (per Psyche, from London)
Died Ballarat, VIC, 22 March 1872, in her 54th year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Abraham Emanuel, a former piano pupil of John Cohen of Liverpool, UK (d.1851), first advertised in Sydney as a "Professor of the Piano Forte" on 29 June 1841. With his wife Elizabeth, who sang two solo songs, he first appeared in J. P. Deane's concert in July. W. A. Duncan in the Chronicle thought Mrs. Emanuel "made her debut with success, and we think she will yet do better. Her voice is good, but her articulation is indistinct, and she wants a little finishing in other respects." Abraham played again in Wallace and Leggatt's band for the Bushelles' concert in September. In February 1844, Mesdames Emanuel and Hartnelle, a dancing mistress, opened a Seminary for Young Ladies, with Abraham as music tutor. The school continued to advertise, though without Hartnelle until July.

Abraham appeared as pianist for the Gautrots in July 1846, and in 1847 he began importing stock for his Pianoforte and Music Repository that he opened at 22 Hunter-street. On 8 May 1849, Elizabeth gave birth to their daughter, later the popular opera singer Carrie Emanuel.

Together with his wife as vocalist, and with the assistance of George Hudson and his City Band, Abraham presented a series of weekly "Casino" promenade concerts from March 1851. As further publicity, in August he published The casino polka, "Arrainged [sic] by A. Emanuel. Dedicated to the patrons of his fashionable weekly entertainment at the Royal Hotel". In February 1852 he issued Glover's song A young lady's no from his retail premises now at 5 Hunter-street.

The Emanuels moved permanently to Victoria in 1866, living for periods in Ballarat and Melbourne.


"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (12 June 1841), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (29 June 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (10 July 1841), 3

"Summary of Public Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 July 1841), 3

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (16 July 1841), 2

"MR. DEANE'S CONCERT", Australasian Chronicle (15 July 1841), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 September 1841), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1844), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 July 1846), 1

"IMPORTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 November 1847), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1848), 1

"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1849), 4

[Advertisement], Empire (14 March 1851), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 April 1851), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 April 1851), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 April 1851), 1

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1851), 1

"NEW SONG", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1852), 5

"SUICIDE", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1860), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 May 1867), 8

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (12 November 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 May 1869), 7

"DEATHS", The Argus (27 March 1872), 4

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1907), 6

Bibliography and resources:

Levi 2013, These are the names, 232


Abraham's brother, Jacob (known as John) Emanuel, who practiced in Sydney as a surgeon-dentist, was born c. 1817, had arrived in Sydney by 1843 on the Bencoolin, and died in Sydney on 8 July 1882

A song by "Emanuel", The desert ("composed expressly for Mr. Farquharson") appears in concert programs during the 1860s sung by Robert Farquharson and others. This composition is by Plymouth-born bandmaster Louis Emanuel (1819-c.1889), who from 1845 was music director at Vauxhall Gardens. Also by Louis Emanuel, are The syren and friar ("duett written by William Jones; composed by Louis Emanuel") (London: Ransford & Son; Adelaide: Coward & Lindstrom, [1890s]) and The Diana waltz

"TELEGRAPHIC", The Courier (7 March 1864), 2

EMANUEL, Carrie (Caroline; Miss Carrie EMANUEL; Carry; Madame MENDELSSOHN)

Vocalist, teacher of singing

Born Sydney, NSW, 8 May 1849 (daughter of Abraham and Eliza EMANUEL above)
Active professionally from 1870
Died London, early 1915 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Amateur musician, baritone vocalist, dentist

Arrived 1841, with his parents (as above)
Died Sydney, NSW, 27 October 1923, aged 85


"BIRTH", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 May 1849), 4

"A NEW AUSTRALIAN SOPRANO", Empire (9 July 1870), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 December 1870), 7

"Marriage", The Argus (28 December 1874), 1

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 March 1915), 8

"THE STAGE: NOTES", The Queenslander (3 April 1915), 20

"MR. MOSES EMANUEL DEAD", The Sun (28 October 1923), 2 

Bibliography and resources:

EMILIA, Signorina (Signorina Emilia; ?)

Gymnast, tight-rope walker, juvenile vocalist

Born ? Brazil, c.1834/5
Active Sydney, NSW, 1841 (with Luigi Dalle Case's company) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also: (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"BUSHELLE'S CONCERT", Sydney Free Press (25 September 1841), 3 

. . . Signorina Emilia sang "Povera Signora," with great taste and talent for one so young, and does ample credit to her instructor . . .

"THEATRICALS", The Omnibus and Sydney Spectator (2 October 1841), 3 

. . . We saw Mr. and Mrs. Bushelle with their two pupils, the very inteiestidg Brazilians the Senoritas Anna, and Emilia, who though they do not understand English, seemed to enjoy, with childish delight all they saw . . .


Musicseller, musician, dance pianist

Active Hay, NSW, by 1877
Died Tamworth, NSW, 16 November 1910


[Advertisement], The Riverine Grazier (15 December 1877), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (21 January 1882), 3

"MECHANICS' BALL AT THE MASONIC HALL", The Maitland Mercury (29 January 1884), 5

"MR. HARRY EMMERSON", The Maitland Mercury (19 May 1888), 4

"Death of Mr. Harry Emmerson", The Maitland Daily Mercury (17 November 1910), 2

ENGEL, John Alexander (Alexander ENGEL; A. ENGEL; J. A. ENGEL)

? Vocalist, printer, music printer

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Died Sydney, NSW, 21 September 1883, aged 65 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1855), 8 

DEUTSCHER LIEDERKRANZ - Freitag, den 21 December, findet grosse Abendunterhaltung im locale (Custom House Hotel) statt. J. A. ENGEL ...

ENGEL, Nicholas

German bandmaster

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1866-67


The Victoria Post Office directory (1866), 239

"COUNTY COURT", Bendigo Advertiser (9 November 1867), 2

ERSON, Thomas William l' (Thomas William l'ERSON; T. W. l'ERSON)

Professor of singing, teacher, Baptist minister

Active Geelong, VIC, by 1856
Died Rockhampton, QLD, 1902'Erson+d1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE GEELONG SACRED HARMONIC SOCIETY'S CONCERT. To the Editor", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (27 February 1856) , 2 

"A ROCKHAMPTON NONAGENARIAN", Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (28 June 1902), 6 

"ESTATE OF THE REV. T. W. l'ERSON", The Capricornian (20 September 1902), 36

. . . in the estate of Thomas William l'Erson, late of Rockhampton, minister of religion, but formerly of Geeiong, Victoria, singing master . . .

ESCOTT, Lucy (from 1870 Mrs. Henry SQUIRES)

Soprano vocalist (Lyster's company)

Born Springfield, Mass., USA, 1828
Arrived Melbourne, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Married Henry SQUIRES, USA, May 1870
Died Paris, France, 29 November 1895



"MUSIC IN BROOKLYN. SECOND PHILHARMONIC CONCERT", Music Review and Gazette (25 December 1858), 403

[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5



Hans Werner Henze's Lucy Escott Variations (1963), for harpsichord or piano, commemorate her early London appearances, and are based on "Come per me sereno", from Bellini's La sonnambula.


Double bass player

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1855
Active Beechworth, VIC, by 1857


[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 March 1857), 3

[Advertisement], Ovens and Murray Advertiser (17 March 1858), 3

"MANY HAPPY RETURNS OF THE DAY", Rutherglen Sun and Chiltern Valley Advertiser (9 January 1914), 5


The celebrated Welsh harpist

Active Central VIC, 1857


A single page of the Mount Alexander Mail for 4 December 1857 announced the presence in the area of two harpists, Evans, "The celebrated Welsh harpist", and Williams, "The celebrated triple harpist".


[Advertisement], Mount Alexander Mail (4 December 1857), 5 

... AUSTRALIAN HOTEL, Forest Creek ... MR. EVANS, THE CELEBRATED WELSH HARPIST, Who has just arrived in the colony, will play every evening up to the end of the year.

[News], Mount Alexander Mail (25 December 1857), 4

EVANS, Richard A'Beckett (R. B. EVANS, Richard A'Beckett EVANS, A'Becket EVANS, Thomas A'Beckett EVANS, ? WOTTON)

Actor, comedian, vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, c.1843-45
Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), by late 1845
Active VIC, until c. 1863'Beckett+Evans+actor+c1843-63 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Adelaide Observer (16 December 1843), 4 

OPENING OF THE OLYMPIC. THE public is most respectfully informed that the above Theatre will open on Wednesday, the 20th instant, with the celebrated burletta of the "Wreck, or the Buccanier's Bride."
Song - "The Groves of Blarney," Mr Evans. Naval Hornpipe, Mr Hall. Song - "We'll follow the Drum," Mr. Evans.
To conclude with the "Two Thompsons, or, Which is He."
R. B. EVANS, Stage Manager.
G. Rogers, Sole Proprietor.
Vivat Regina!

"THE QUEEN"S THEATRE", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (17 December 1845), 2 

Mr. a'Becket Evans, late of the Adelaide Theatre, made a most successful debut at the "Queen's" on Monday evening, in the parts of "Levingstone" and "Dr. O'Toole."

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (15 September 1847), 3 

Second night of "Don Giovanni."
ON WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEP. 15, The performances will commence with a celebrated Operatic Extravaganza, entitled -
In the course of the piece the following songs -
Songs by Mrs. Clarke:
Air - Come along, 'tis just the hour.
" Pray Goody.
" I've kissed, and I've prattled.
" Round about the Maypole.
" Gentle Fairies, see me languish.
Chorus by the Company - From our Regions Infernal.
Glee - We are three Jolly Widowers.
Songs by Mr. Evans -
Air - He lived in Spain as stories tell.
" A master I had wicked and sly.
Glee - Away with fight and quarrel.
Trio - Your love she lives.
Air - If in London Town you live.
" Had I a heart.
Duetto - Oh, remember the time.
" Will you dance with me.
" Thou wert born to please me.
" O where, and O where.
ACT 2.
Song - Our ground we have taken.
Duetto - Merrily every bosom.
Chorus - O laugh at the hour.
Air - Giovanni is leading.
" I gave her kisses one.
" I knew by the wigs.
" What's this gay town to me.
" Duns that give Giovanni trust.
" Giovanni leaves the Girls alone.
Finale - Here's success to Don Giovanni.
Highland Fling (in character) Miss Clarke.
Song "Rory O'More" - Mrs. Clarke . . .

"THE PEEP O' DAY. TO THE EDITOR OF . . .", The Argus (26 August 1862), 7 

Sir, - As an old colonist of nearly twenty years' experience . . . A'BECKETT EVANS, Author of the drama of "Fashion and Famine."

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (12 June 1863), 4 


"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (28 December 1863), 2 

. . . We report elsewhere the proceedings at the annual gathering of the Buninyong Highland Society on Boxing-day at the society's reserve. From 1500 to 2000 persons were present, and the whole programme was disposed of very successfully. During the day a Mr. A'Beckett Evans, on the part of the Olympic Dramatic Company offered a silver cup as a prize to the best piper of the day, the prize to be given on the stage of the theatre in Buninyong at that evening's performance.

"THE ROMANCE OF OUR FIRST CENTURY", Healesville and Yarra Glen Guardian (21 November 1903), 3 

. . . For the amusement of those inclined to histrionic diversion, there was a theatre, which stood near the place now occupied by the Bull and Mouth hotel. At first the actors were drawn from the people themselves. A tailor named Bellan was a prominent performer: a tinsmith named Richard Batters, with the voice of a bull, naturally depicted the tragic muse, and a little man with a grotesque face, and an insatiable thirst was the low comedian. His name was Wotton: but he called himself A'Beckett Evans. So far as the writer's memory serves, the wife of this last performer was the leading lady . . .


Cornet player (Tasmanian Band)

Active Launceston, TAS, 1854


"EXHIBITION OF FIREWORKS", The Cornwall Chronicle (4 March 1854), 5


EVANS, Harry Congreve

Songwriter, librettist

Born Nuriootpa, SA, 10 December 1860
Died Adelaide, SA, 9 January 1899


"THE LATE MR. HARRY EVANS", South Australian Register (11 January 1899), 6 

"Those whom the gods love die young" and so poor Harry Congreve Evans crossed the bar when he was only thirty-eight years of age. When but a lad he gave evidence of being a gifted son of his gifted mother, "Maud Jeanne Franc." An accomplished stenographer, a smart paragraphist, an able vigorous, and descriptive writer. Allied to these talents his genial disposition stood him in good stead. To those with whom he was intimate he was a lovable friend. His tastes were decidedly artistic. He wrote comic sketches and light verses with remarkable facility, bringing to bear a ready wit in this work. He came before the public as the librettist of Immomeena, the music of which was composed by the late M. Heuzenroeder, and of The Mandarin, which Mr. J. M. Dunn composed, and the works met with an appreciative reception. The deceased was a Bohemian at heart, and had there been a Bohemia the boys of the old brigade would have elected Harry as their King ...

Bibliography and resources:

"Evans, Henry Congreve (Harry) (1860-1899)", Obituaries Australia

H. J. Finnis, "Evans, Matilda Jane (1827-1886)", Australian dictionary of biography 4 (1972)

EVANS, William James

Music critic

Born Angaston, SA, 1865
Died Adelaide, SA, 22 September 1904


"THE LATE MR. W. J. EVANS", The Advertiser (22 September 1904), 6 

It is with deep regret that we announce the death of Mr. William James Evans, the musical and dramatic critic of the Advertiser, which occurred at the Adelaide Hospital half an hour after midnight this morning. Mr. Evans was born at Angas Park in 1863, and when quite a baby went with his mother to Angaston. His mother was well-known by her pen name of "Maude Jeanne Franc" and among the volumes she published Minnie's Mission and Marian, or the Light of Someone's Home, won great popularity owing to their deeply religious tone and their high literary merit. His father was a Baptist minister, and was a highly educated man. It was thus from clever parents that Mr. Evans derived his taste for literature, while the skill he showed in versification is another example of heredity, for he was descended from the same stock as William Congreve, the great dramatist. His mother's maiden name was Congreve, and his brother, Mr. Harry Congreve Evans, for many years connected with the Advertiser staff, and afterwards editor of Quiz, was named after that celebrated poet ... As a young man he entered the service of the National Bank, and after remaining there for some time he joined the commercial department of the Advertiser about 20 years ago. Shortly after 1890, his gift as a writer being recognised, he was transferred to the literary staff, with which he was connected continuously until the time of his last illness, He held the position of musical and dramatic critic, while he also conducted the "From Day to Day" column in the Express, and the "From Week to Week" column in the Chronicle, his contributions winning wide popularity. Mr. Evans was a keen, but, at the same time, a most fair critic, and there was an artistic touch and a breadth of knowledge about his writings concerning music and the drama which gave them great value, apart from their accuracy and discriminating insight. He contributed poetical pieces to other journals, and a few years ago he issued a volume of verses, modestly entitled Rhymes Without Reason, which met with a large amount of favor.

Bibliography and resources:

"Evans, William James (1863-1904)", Obituaries Australia

H. J. Finnis, "Evans, Matilda Jane (1827-1886)", Australian dictionary of biography4 (1972)

EVANS, William

Vocalist, "well known singer of negro melodies", actor, manager

Active Geelong, VIC, 1854 (with company headed by his wife, Evadne EVANS)


"THE THEATRE", Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (25 November 1854), 4 

. . . Mr. W. Evans, the well known singer of negro melodies, sung a song with respect to the late trial of Mackay V. Harrison, in which the matter was dealt with in a very clever, pungent, witty manner. The song was received with continued bursts of applause.




CHITTY, Robert

Gallows hymn singers, bushrangers

Executed Sydney, NSW, 16 March 1841


"EXECUTION", Australasian Chronicle (18 March 1841), 3 

On Tuesday morning the six bushrangers, James Everett, Robert Chitty, John Marshall, Richard Glanville, John Shea, and Edward Davies, who were convicted at the last criminal sittings of the wilful murder of John Graham, at Scone, on the 21st December last, all paid the forfeit of their lives by expiating their offences on the scaffold. An immense crowd was collected to witness the last awful scene of these men's career ... At a few minutes past nine o'clock the wretched men were conducted from their cells to the area in front of the drop, where they knelt for some time in the exercise of their devotions. Chitty, Everett, Marshall, and Glanville, were attended by the Rev. Mr. Cowper and the Rev. John Elder; Shea by the Very Rev. Mr. Murphy; and Davies, being of the Jewish persuasion, was attended by Mr. Isaacs, the Jewish Rabbi ... After about ten minutes spent in devotion they arose, and Everett in a very hurried manner ran up the steps leading to the scaffold, and was followed by Chitty, Glanville, and Marshall; they all four in a loud and clear voice sung the first verse of the hymn commencing "Awake my soul, and with the sun" ... A few minutes more were spent in devotion, and then the ropes were adjusted and the caps drawn over their faces; they still continued (particularly Everett and Glanville) in loud and apparently fervent prayer till the bolt was drawn, and they were launched into the presence of their Maker. They all died almost without a struggle.

EWART, Thomas (Thomas EWART; Mr. EWART; Tom EWART)

Tenor vocalist, musician

Born ? c.1825/28
Active Melbourne, VIC, by October 1854
Died (suicide) Melbourne, VIC, 14 November 1878, "more than 53"/"about 50" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Mr. Candler yesterday held an inquest at Emerald-hill upon the body of Thomas Ewart, who died in the hospital on the previous day from the result of self-inflicted injuries. The deceased was a musician, over fifty years of age, and he lived at the Hit or Miss Hotel, Clarendon-street. On the previous day he cut his throat, making a large wound. He admitted that he had cut it himself with a razor found in the room. The deceased had been drinking heavily lately. Mr. A. Murray, resident surgeon of the Melbourne Hospital, deposed that when deceased was admitted to the hospital he was very weak, and died three hours afterwards. The cause of death was disease of the lungs, accelerated by the wound in the throat. The jury returned a verdict to the effect that deceased committed suicide whilst of unsound mind.

"TOWN TALK", Geelong Advertiser (21 November 1878), 3 

Referring to the recent suicide in Melbourne of a man named Thomas Ewart, the Ararat Advertiser says: - He was a well-known vocalist. To those who remember the Philharmonic Society's concerts at the old Exhibition building, in William-street, when Octavia Hamilton was the soprano, Sarah Flower contralto, and Farquharson the basso, the tenor needs no naming, but to other readers and the younger colonists he may have been heard of as Tom Ewart. At the time of his fame he was unequalled in Victoria in his particular line, but a series of misfortunes followed his career year after year until they appear to have culminated of late in transactions that evidently unhinged his mind. In the hey day of his prosperity his genial qualities made him hosts of friends, but, as usual, adverse circumstances led to their alienation, and pecuniary difficulties for a lengthened period preceded his death.

EWENS, William

Amateur vocalist, publican

Born England, c.1810
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 25 September 1839 (per Prince Regent, from London, 6 June)
Died Adelaide, 6 July 1848, aged 38 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Ewens and his family reportedly arrived in South Australian with his father-in-law, Robert Spiller; he and George Bennett were both recently arrived "from Chichester" when they assisted at Charles Platts's lecture on music in October 1839. Ewens then appeared with Platt and Bennett singing glees and catches at their "first professional concert" in February 1840. While licensee of the Plough and Harrow in Rundle-street, he continued to sing regularly at concerts and public events until shortly before his death in 1848. The Register noted that there was no music at his funeral: "we were disappointed ... as, we confess, we expected the members of the Choral Society would have sung a requiem over the body of one who had so often infused the soul of harmony into their proceedings".


"MECHANICS' INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (19 October 1839), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 February 1840), 1

"FIRST PROFESSIONAL CONCERT", South Australian Register (22 February 1840), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 February 1841), 1s

[Advertisement], South Australian (13 August 1841), 1

"THE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY'S PLOUGHING MATCH", South Australian (8 August 1845), 2

"THE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY", South Australian Register (9 August 1845), 3

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (15 December 1847), 4

"DIED", South Australian Register (8 July 1848), 2

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (12 July 1848), 2

EWING, Alexander (Alick EWING; A. C. EWING)

Pianist, composition competition judge (Gawler Music Prize), composer, commissariat officer

Born Aberdeen, Scotland, 3 January 1830
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 24 May 1857 (per R. M. Mills, from London, 9 February)
Departed Adelaide, SA, 19 May 1860 (per Young Australian, for Hong Kong)
Died Taunton, England, 11 July 1895 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (WorldCat identities)


Alexander Ewing (1830-1895), best known musically as composer of the famous hymn tune assigned to Jerusalem the golden in the 1861 first edition of Hymns ancient and modern. He had composed it Aberdeen in 1853, for another J. M. Neale translation, "For Thee, O Dear, Dear Country," originally in 3/4 time, and he is said to have objected to the 1861 assignment, being completely unsuited, "pathetic, not triumphant".

In his late twenties, Ewing spent 3 years in Adelaide, as a member of the Commissariat staff, from May 1857 to May 1860. Evidently a capable pianist, he was first documented as appearing in public, playing with fellow amateur pianist and professional public servant Francis Dutton in Osborne's Grand duo on subjects from Les huguenots (1849), and with violinist Richard Baxter White in Vieuxtemps's Fantaisie caprice (1842), in a "grand concert" on 10 June 1858 for the Indian Relied Fund, with also featured visiting artists Maria Carandini and Lewis Lavenu, and other members of their company. He next performed, again with Dutton and White, at a meeting of the South Australian Institute on 28 July 1858, and he and Dutton were probably also the "amateurs" referred to as performing at another meeting of the institute in September.

Ewing's name was among the published list of patrons for Cesare Cutolo's Adelaide concert on 15 June 1859. But his most important lasting contribution to South Australian music was to serve as one of the judges for the 1859 Gawler Institute music prize. On 4 November 1859, he and fellow judges Dutton, William Holden, and George Chinner, awarded the first prize to Carl Linger for his setting of The song of Australia, as well as choosing 2 other settings by Linger, and one by Cutolo as runners-up.


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (26 May 1857), 2

ARRIVED . . . Sunday, May 24 . . . The ship R. M. Mills, 874 tons, N. P. Sturges, master, from London February 9. J. Stilling and Co, agents. Passengers - Mr. R. B. Lucas, Mrs. Lucas, family, and servant, Deputy Assistant Commissary-General Monek, and Mr. A. Ewing, Commissariat Staff, in the cabin . . .

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 June 1858), 1 

"CONCERT IN AID OF THE INDIAN RELIEF FUND", South Australian Register (11 June 1858), 3 

. . . An interval of 10 minutes followed this part of the entertainment. That having expired, the Hon. F. S. Dutton and Mr. A. Ewing, played a duet from the "Huguenots" on the pianoforte. Their execution was perfect, the latter named gentleman proving himself to be a master of the instrument to an extent seldom looked for and rarely met with in an amateur. On being encored, the overture to "Zampa" was substituted and played brilliantly . . .

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", Adelaide Observer (31 July 1858), 5 

. . . The musical portion of the entertainment was divided into two parts, the lecture intervening. The two gentlemen amateurs announced to perform the duo-piano - the Overture to "Massaniello" - were the Hon. F. S. Dutton, Commissioner of Crown Lands, and Mr. Ewing. They were quite competent to do justice to Auber's brilliant music, and their accomplished instrumentation elicited not only an enthusiastic round of applause, but an earnest encore, which was kindly responded to by those gentlemen giving with, if possible, still greater spirit the Overture to "Oberon" by C. M. von Weber. The same gentlemen gave, as a duet on the piano, Schukoff's Victoria Waltz, and each took pianoforte part in duets, with Mr. R. B. White on the violin. While Mr. White drew repeated plaudits for his masterly execution on the violin in an arrangement of the airs from "La Sonnambula" and variations of "Auld Lang Syne," Messrs. Dutton and Ewing were equally and as deservedly applauded for their exquisite performance in the same pieces on the piano . . .

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE", South Australian Register (23 September 1858), 2 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 June 1859), 1

"GAWLER MUSIC PRIZE", South Australian Register (5 November 1859), 2 

"GAWLER MUSIC PRIZE", South Australian Register (5 November 1859), 2 

The Judges who had undertaken to decide upon the music set to the "Song of Australia" met yesterday, and, after due examination, agreed to the following report: -

"The Judges appointed to award the prize for the best musical composition set to the words of the prize song, entitled "The Song of Australia," met on Friday, the 4th November - present, Messrs. Dutton, Ewing, Chinner, and Holden. Twenty-three compositions were examined, and the prize was unanimously awarded to the composition bearing the motto "One of the Quantity." Those bearing the mottoes "Long Live our Gracious Queen," "Garibaldi," and "Con Amore" so nearly equalled the prize composition in merit that the Judges had great difficulty in coming to a decision.

"Francis S. Dutton.

"A. Ewing.

"Geo. W. Chinner.

"Wm. Holden."

Immediately upon receiving this report we telegraphed to the Secretary of the Gawler Institute to ascertain the name of the successful competitor, and we find from his reply that the composer who has thus distinguished himself is Mr. Carl Linger.

"MUSIC TO THE PRIZE POEM", South Australian Register (7 November 1859), 2 

"No. 115. Military and volunteer sub-estimates. Ordered by the House of Assembly to be printed, 27th July 1860", Proceedings of the Parliament of South Australia 3 (1860) 

. . . the saving is effected . . . by reducing the number of Privates from 96 to 65, and departure of one of the Commissariat Staff (Ewing) . . .

[Advertisement], Illustrated London News (14 March 1863), 15

JERUSALEM THE GOLDEN. Sacred Song. Blockley's only authorised edition of this popular Hymn, beautifully Illustrated, 2s. 6d. Composed by ALEXANDER EWING. Inscribed to the Lord Bishop of Argyll. Published by J. BLOCKLEY, Park-road, Hampstead; Cramer, 201, Regent-street.

[Obituary], The Times [London] (16 July 1895); copied Dundee Evening Telegraph (17 July 1895), 2

Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Ewing, Staff-Paymaster, who died Taunton on the 11th inst., was the only son Alexander Ewing, M.D., of Tartowie and Aberdeen, was born in 1830. After studying at Heidelberg, where he devoted himself chiefly to music and the German language, he decided to join the Commissariat Department on the outbreak of the Crimean War, and was sent out to Constantinople. Here his abilities as a linguist rendered his services very useful. Bishop Alexander Ewing, of Argyle and the Isles, was his father's cousin, and assisted his relative on Dr. Ewing's death. It may be interesting to some readers to mention the fact that during Alexander Ewing's absence abroad the Bishop sent his cousin's well-known setting of the hymn "Jerusalem the Golden" to the editors of "Hymns Ancient and Modern," and, owing to the cousin's bearing the same Christian name, the Bishop was commonly credited with having composed the tune. He next served during the campaign in the North of China, 1860, and received the China medal. He also served in the operations against the Taeping rebels near Shanghai in 1862, and was present at the taking of the stockade of Nahzain . . .

[Obituary], The Bookman [London] (1895), 130

The death is announced of Lieut.-Col. Alexander Ewing, whose first wife was Juliana Horatia Gatty, the famous author of "The Story of a Short Life." Lieut.-Col. Ewing was himself a notable man. In an article in the Aberdeen Free Press, by Mr. William Carnie, it is mentioned that in the fifties Ewing began law in a firm - Messrs. J. & A. Blaikie - then well-known over the whole north of Scotland. "But it was not in this connection that 'Alick' (as he continued to be fondly called) won popularity and held special place. Daily to be seen in Union Street, his slim, daintily-dressed figure, cane in hand, claimed admiring attention from the initiated, for, as he appeared at concerts, he early obtained and justly sustained he early obtained and justly sustained the reputation of being the most talented young musician in the city." He composed a tune which was published in "Hymns Ancient and Modern," and is sometimes called "Ewing," and at other times "Argyle." It is generally set by editors to the verses "Jerusalem the Golden," also it perhaps brings out with finer feeling the section of the same Latin hymn beginning "For thee, O dear, dear country." Ewing eventually decided to join the Commissariat Department of the army, and went out to Constantinople in 1855, during the Crimean war. He afterwards served in China and South Australia. He returned to England in 1866, and in 1867 married Miss Gatty . . .

Musical works:

Hymn tune "Ewing", Hymns ancient and modern . . . [first edition] (London : J. Alfred Novello, 1861), no. 142 

Jerusalem the golden, the poetry by Bernard De Morlaix, translated by J. M. Neale; the music composed by Alexander Ewing (London: John Blockley, [1863]) 

Bibliography and resources:

R. G. McCutchen, Our hymnody: a manual of the Methodist Hymnal (New York: Abingdon Press, 1937), 513

At the close of a meeting of the Aberdeen Harmonic Choir, Mr. Ewing approached Mr. Carnie, its distinguished leader, and told him he had been trying his hand at hymn-tune writing, asking that the tune be sung by the choir. This was done, and it was found acceptable. He had set the tune to the part of Bernard's hymn beginning "For thee, O dear, dear country," not "Jerusalem the golden," the part of the same hymn to which it is now universally sung. It was written in 3 time . . .

Thomas E. Blom (ed.), Canada home: Juliana Horatia Ewing's Fredericton letters, 1867-1869 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1983) (PREVIEW)

"Alexander Ewing (composer)", Wikipedia

EWING, Robert Kirkwood (Rev. R. K. EWING)

Presbyterian minister (later Anglican priest), amateur musician, songwriter

Born near Glasgow, Scotland, c.1823
Arrived Australia, c. 1840
Died 10 April 1899, aged 76 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"OBITUARY. CANON R. K. EWING", Launceston Examiner (12 April 1899), 5 


The mode of conducting the praise of God in Presbyterian churches by Alfred Priestley and the Rev. R. K. Ewing (Launceston: Printed by Charles Wilson, 1858) 

EWINS, Mrs. W.

Pianist, composer

Active Armidale and Sydney, NSW, 1874-75


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1874), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1875), 2

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1875), 5

"CHURCH OF ENGLAND TEMPERANCE SOCIETY", Hawkesbury Chronicle (13 December 1884), 3

Musical work:

The Armidale galop (Sydney: Published by the composer, [1875]) 

This galop has been–prior to publication–played by its Composer, in the circles of the elite, in different parts of New England and elsewhere, and has ever proved a favorite.

EXON, Edwin

Tenor vocalist, orphanage school superintendent and music teacher, librettist, poet

Born Bath, England, 5 March 1833; baptised St. James's, Bath, 24 March 1833; son of Richard EXON and Elizabeth SANDFORD
Married Frances Judith (Fanny) CHAPPLE, Bath, England, 26 July 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 20 January 1853 (per Winchester, from Bristol, 10 August 1852)
Died Hampton, Melbourne, VIC, 18 May 1910, aged 77 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

Edwin Exon (photograph, of oil portrait, unveiled at Melbourne Orphan Asylum, 1910) 


Baptisms solemnized in the parish of Saint James Bath . . . in the year 1833; Somerset Archives 

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 September 1853), 1

EXON. - Mrs. Eton, who came out by the Winchester in January, will hear from her brother by enclosing her address to H. J. Chapple, Post Office, Melbourne.

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 September 1853), 1

"BIRTHS", The Argus (10 March 1855), 4


"THE MESSIAH. THE PHILHARMONIC", The Argus (26 December 1862), 5

"GOOD FRIDAY CONCERT", The Argus (26 March 1864), 6

[News], The Argus (6 December 1865), 4

"MUSIC", The Argus (23 January 1878), 3s

"DEATHS", The Argus (19 May 1910), 1

EXON. - On the 18th May, at his late residence, "Elizabeth-house," Grenville-street, Hampton, Edwin Exon, late superintendent of the Melbourne Orphan Asylum, aged 77 years.

"PERSONAL ITEMS", The Ballarat Star (19 May 1910), 1 

"MR. EDWIN EXON", Leader (4 June 1910), 22 

We regret to announce that Mr. Edwin Exon died on Monday, 16 May [sic], at his residence, in Grenville-street, Hampden, at the age of 77 years. He was for upwards of fifty years superintendent of the Melbourne Orphan Asylum. He retired from active work last September, having rendered most valuable services to that institution for a half-century and more. In his younger days he was Melbourne's leading tenor, and was always a devotee of music. His other hobby was chess, and until three years ago he took an active part in tournaments and team matches. He was a member of the Melbourne Chess Club, and was at the date of his death the only survivor of those who had helped to found the club in 1866.

Musical and literary works:

The lost flower found and other poems by Edwin Exon (Melbourne: Evans & Foster, 1862) 

The Victorian jubilee ode, written by Edwin Exon, and composed by Alfred Plumpton expressly for the Metropolitan Leidertafel, Melbourne (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1887]) 

Lyrical dramas, poems and translations by Edwin Exon (Melbourne: Samuel Mullen, 1888) 

Poems, Edwin Exon (Melbourne: Lothian, 1907) 

© Graeme Skinner 2014–2019